path: root/builtin/pack-objects.c
AgeCommit message (Collapse)Author
2017-06-24Merge branch 'bw/config-h'Junio C Hamano
Fix configuration codepath to pay proper attention to commondir that is used in multi-worktree situation, and isolate config API into its own header file. * bw/config-h: config: don't implicitly use gitdir or commondir config: respect commondir setup: teach discover_git_directory to respect the commondir config: don't include config.h by default config: remove git_config_iter config: create config.h
2017-06-15config: don't include config.h by defaultBrandon Williams
Stop including config.h by default in cache.h. Instead only include config.h in those files which require use of the config system. Signed-off-by: Brandon Williams <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-06-02Merge branch 'ab/grep-preparatory-cleanup'Junio C Hamano
The internal implementation of "git grep" has seen some clean-up. * ab/grep-preparatory-cleanup: (31 commits) grep: assert that threading is enabled when calling grep_{lock,unlock} grep: given --threads with NO_PTHREADS=YesPlease, warn pack-objects: fix buggy warning about threads pack-objects & index-pack: add test for --threads warning test-lib: add a PTHREADS prerequisite grep: move is_fixed() earlier to avoid forward declaration grep: change internal *pcre* variable & function names to be *pcre1* grep: change the internal PCRE macro names to be PCRE1 grep: factor test for \0 in grep patterns into a function grep: remove redundant regflags assignments grep: catch a missing enum in switch statement perf: add a comparison test of log --grep regex engines with -F perf: add a comparison test of log --grep regex engines perf: add a comparison test of grep regex engines with -F perf: add a comparison test of grep regex engines perf: emit progress output when unpacking & building perf: add a GIT_PERF_MAKE_COMMAND for when *_MAKE_OPTS won't do grep: add tests to fix blind spots with \0 patterns grep: prepare for testing binary regexes containing rx metacharacters grep: add a test helper function for less verbose -f \0 tests ...
2017-05-29Merge branch 'jk/disable-pack-reuse-when-broken'Junio C Hamano
"pack-objects" can stream a slice of an existing packfile out when the pack bitmap can tell that the reachable objects are all needed in the output, without inspecting individual objects. This strategy however would not work well when "--local" and other options are in use, and need to be disabled. * jk/disable-pack-reuse-when-broken: t5310: fix "; do" style pack-objects: disable pack reuse for object-selection options
2017-05-29Merge branch 'bc/object-id'Junio C Hamano
Conversion from uchar[20] to struct object_id continues. * bc/object-id: (53 commits) object: convert parse_object* to take struct object_id tree: convert parse_tree_indirect to struct object_id sequencer: convert do_recursive_merge to struct object_id diff-lib: convert do_diff_cache to struct object_id builtin/ls-tree: convert to struct object_id merge: convert checkout_fast_forward to struct object_id sequencer: convert fast_forward_to to struct object_id builtin/ls-files: convert overlay_tree_on_cache to object_id builtin/read-tree: convert to struct object_id sha1_name: convert internals of peel_onion to object_id upload-pack: convert remaining parse_object callers to object_id revision: convert remaining parse_object callers to object_id revision: rename add_pending_sha1 to add_pending_oid http-push: convert process_ls_object and descendants to object_id refs/files-backend: convert many internals to struct object_id refs: convert struct ref_update to use struct object_id ref-filter: convert some static functions to struct object_id Convert struct ref_array_item to struct object_id Convert the verify_pack callback to struct object_id Convert lookup_tag to struct object_id ...
2017-05-26pack-objects: fix buggy warning about threadsÆvar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
Fix a buggy warning about threads under NO_PTHREADS=YesPlease. Due to re-using the delta_search_threads variable for both the state of the "pack.threads" config & the --threads option, setting "pack.threads" but not supplying --threads would trigger the warning for both "pack.threads" & --threads. Solve this bug by resetting the delta_search_threads variable in git_pack_config(), it might then be set by --threads again and be subsequently warned about, as the test I'm changing here asserts. Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-05-09pack-objects: disable pack reuse for object-selection optionsJeff King
If certain options like --honor-pack-keep, --local, or --incremental are used with pack-objects, then we need to feed each potential object to want_object_in_pack() to see if it should be filtered out. But when the bitmap reuse_packfile optimization is in effect, we do not call that function at all, and in fact skip adding the objects to the to_pack list entirely. This means we have a bug: for certain requests we will silently ignore those options and include objects in that pack that should not be there. The problem has been present since the inception of the pack-reuse code in 6b8fda2db (pack-objects: use bitmaps when packing objects, 2013-12-21), but it was unlikely to come up in practice. These options are generally used for on-disk packing, not transfer packs (which go to stdout), but we've never allowed pack reuse for non-stdout packs (until 645c432d6, we did not even use bitmaps, which the reuse optimization relies on; after that, we explicitly turned it off when not packing to stdout). We can fix this by just disabling the reuse_packfile optimization when the options are in use. In theory we could teach the pack-reuse code to satisfy these checks, but it's not worth the complexity. The purpose of the optimization is to keep the amount of per-object work we do to a minimum. But these options inherently require us to search for other copies of each object, drowning out any benefit of the pack-reuse optimization. But note that the optimizations from 56dfeb626 (pack-objects: compute local/ignore_pack_keep early, 2016-07-29) happen before pack-reuse, meaning that specifying "--honor-pack-keep" in a repository with no .keep files can still follow the fast path. There are tests in t5310 that check these options with bitmaps and --stdout, but they didn't catch the bug, and it's hard to adapt them to do so. One problem is that they don't use --delta-base-offset; without that option, we always disable the reuse optimization entirely. It would be fine to add it in (it actually makes the test more realistic), but that still isn't quite enough. The other problem is that the reuse code is very picky; it only kicks in when it can reuse most of a pack, starting from the first byte. So we'd have to start from a fully repacked and bitmapped state to trigger it. But the tests for these options use a much more subtle state; they want to be sure that the want_object_in_pack() code is allowing some objects but not others. Doing a full repack runs counter to that. So this patch adds new tests at the end of the script which create the fully-packed state and make sure that each option is not fooled by reusable pack. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-05-08Convert lookup_tag to struct object_idbrian m. carlson
Convert lookup_tag to take a pointer to struct object_id. Signed-off-by: brian m. carlson <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-05-08pack: convert struct pack_idx_entry to struct object_idbrian m. carlson
Convert struct pack_idx_entry to use struct object_id by changing the definition and applying the following semantic patch, plus the standard object_id transforms: @@ struct pack_idx_entry E1; @@ - E1.sha1 + E1.oid.hash @@ struct pack_idx_entry *E1; @@ - E1->sha1 + E1->oid.hash Signed-off-by: brian m. carlson <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-05-08shallow: convert shallow registration functions to object_idbrian m. carlson
Convert register_shallow and unregister_shallow to take struct object_id. register_shallow is a caller of lookup_commit, which we will convert later. It doesn't make sense for the registration and unregistration functions to have incompatible interfaces, so convert them both. Signed-off-by: brian m. carlson <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-04-27timestamp_t: a new data type for timestampsJohannes Schindelin
Git's source code assumes that unsigned long is at least as precise as time_t. Which is incorrect, and causes a lot of problems, in particular where unsigned long is only 32-bit (notably on Windows, even in 64-bit versions). So let's just use a more appropriate data type instead. In preparation for this, we introduce the new `timestamp_t` data type. By necessity, this is a very, very large patch, as it has to replace all timestamps' data type in one go. As we will use a data type that is not necessarily identical to `time_t`, we need to be very careful to use `time_t` whenever we interact with the system functions, and `timestamp_t` everywhere else. Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-04-20Merge branch 'bc/object-id'Junio C Hamano
Conversion from unsigned char [40] to struct object_id continues. * bc/object-id: Documentation: update and rename api-sha1-array.txt Rename sha1_array to oid_array Convert sha1_array_for_each_unique and for_each_abbrev to object_id Convert sha1_array_lookup to take struct object_id Convert remaining callers of sha1_array_lookup to object_id Make sha1_array_append take a struct object_id * sha1-array: convert internal storage for struct sha1_array to object_id builtin/pull: convert to struct object_id submodule: convert check_for_new_submodule_commits to object_id sha1_name: convert disambiguate_hint_fn to take object_id sha1_name: convert struct disambiguate_state to object_id test-sha1-array: convert most code to struct object_id parse-options-cb: convert sha1_array_append caller to struct object_id fsck: convert init_skiplist to struct object_id builtin/receive-pack: convert portions to struct object_id builtin/pull: convert portions to struct object_id builtin/diff: convert to struct object_id Convert GIT_SHA1_RAWSZ used for allocation to GIT_MAX_RAWSZ Convert GIT_SHA1_HEXSZ used for allocation to GIT_MAX_HEXSZ Define new hash-size constants for allocating memory
2017-03-31Rename sha1_array to oid_arraybrian m. carlson
Since this structure handles an array of object IDs, rename it to struct oid_array. Also rename the accessor functions and the initialization constant. This commit was produced mechanically by providing non-Documentation files to the following Perl one-liners: perl -pi -E 's/struct sha1_array/struct oid_array/g' perl -pi -E 's/\bsha1_array_/oid_array_/g' perl -pi -E 's/SHA1_ARRAY_INIT/OID_ARRAY_INIT/g' Signed-off-by: brian m. carlson <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-03-31Convert sha1_array_lookup to take struct object_idbrian m. carlson
Convert this function by changing the declaration and definition and applying the following semantic patch to update the callers: @@ expression E1, E2; @@ - sha1_array_lookup(E1, E2.hash) + sha1_array_lookup(E1, &E2) @@ expression E1, E2; @@ - sha1_array_lookup(E1, E2->hash) + sha1_array_lookup(E1, E2) Signed-off-by: brian m. carlson <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-03-31Convert remaining callers of sha1_array_lookup to object_idbrian m. carlson
There are a very small number of callers which don't already use struct object_id. Convert them. Signed-off-by: brian m. carlson <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-03-31Make sha1_array_append take a struct object_id *brian m. carlson
Convert the callers to pass struct object_id by changing the function declaration and definition and applying the following semantic patch: @@ expression E1, E2; @@ - sha1_array_append(E1, E2.hash) + sha1_array_append(E1, &E2) @@ expression E1, E2; @@ - sha1_array_append(E1, E2->hash) + sha1_array_append(E1, E2) Signed-off-by: brian m. carlson <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-03-28Merge branch 'jk/fast-import-cleanup'Junio C Hamano
Code clean-up. * jk/fast-import-cleanup: pack.h: define largest possible encoded object size encode_in_pack_object_header: respect output buffer length fast-import: use xsnprintf for formatting headers fast-import: use xsnprintf for writing sha1s
2017-03-24pack.h: define largest possible encoded object sizeJeff King
Several callers use fixed buffers for storing the pack object header, and they've picked 10 as a magic number. This is reasonable, since it handles objects up to 2^67. But let's give them a constant so it's clear that the number isn't pulled out of thin air. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-03-24encode_in_pack_object_header: respect output buffer lengthJeff King
The encode_in_pack_object_header() writes a variable-length header to an output buffer, but it doesn't actually know long the buffer is. At first glance, this looks like it might be possible to overflow. In practice, this is probably impossible. The smallest buffer we use is 10 bytes, which would hold the header for an object up to 2^67 bytes. Obviously we're not likely to see such an object, but we might worry that an object could lie about its size (causing us to overflow before we realize it does not actually have that many bytes). But the argument is passed as a uintmax_t. Even on systems that have __int128 available, uintmax_t is typically restricted to 64-bit by the ABI. So it's unlikely that a system exists where this could be exploited. Still, it's easy enough to use a normal out/len pair and make sure we don't write too far. That protects the hypothetical 128-bit system, makes it harder for callers to accidentally specify a too-small buffer, and makes the resulting code easier to audit. Note that the one caller in fast-import tried to catch such a case, but did so _after_ the call (at which point we'd have already overflowed!). This check can now go away. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-03-17Merge branch 'bc/object-id'Junio C Hamano
"uchar [40]" to "struct object_id" conversion continues. * bc/object-id: wt-status: convert to struct object_id builtin/merge-base: convert to struct object_id Convert object iteration callbacks to struct object_id sha1_file: introduce an nth_packed_object_oid function refs: simplify parsing of reflog entries refs: convert each_reflog_ent_fn to struct object_id reflog-walk: convert struct reflog_info to struct object_id builtin/replace: convert to struct object_id Convert remaining callers of resolve_refdup to object_id builtin/merge: convert to struct object_id builtin/clone: convert to struct object_id builtin/branch: convert to struct object_id builtin/grep: convert to struct object_id builtin/fmt-merge-message: convert to struct object_id builtin/fast-export: convert to struct object_id builtin/describe: convert to struct object_id builtin/diff-tree: convert to struct object_id builtin/commit: convert to struct object_id hex: introduce parse_oid_hex
2017-02-27Merge branch 'bw/attr'Junio C Hamano
The gitattributes machinery is being taught to work better in a multi-threaded environment. * bw/attr: (27 commits) attr: reformat git_attr_set_direction() function attr: push the bare repo check into read_attr() attr: store attribute stack in attr_check structure attr: tighten const correctness with git_attr and match_attr attr: remove maybe-real, maybe-macro from git_attr attr: eliminate global check_all_attr array attr: use hashmap for attribute dictionary attr: change validity check for attribute names to use positive logic attr: pass struct attr_check to collect_some_attrs attr: retire git_check_attrs() API attr: convert git_check_attrs() callers to use the new API attr: convert git_all_attrs() to use "struct attr_check" attr: (re)introduce git_check_attr() and struct attr_check attr: rename function and struct related to checking attributes attr.c: outline the future plans by heavily commenting Documentation: fix a typo attr.c: add push_stack() helper attr: support quoting pathname patterns in C style attr.c: plug small leak in parse_attr_line() attr.c: tighten constness around "git_attr" structure ...
2017-02-27Merge branch 'jk/delta-chain-limit'Junio C Hamano
"git repack --depth=<n>" for a long time busted the specified depth when reusing delta from existing packs. This has been corrected. * jk/delta-chain-limit: pack-objects: convert recursion to iteration in break_delta_chain() pack-objects: enforce --depth limit in reused deltas
2017-02-22Convert object iteration callbacks to struct object_idbrian m. carlson
Convert each_loose_object_fn and each_packed_object_fn to take a pointer to struct object_id. Update the various callbacks. Convert several 40-based constants to use GIT_SHA1_HEXSZ. Signed-off-by: brian m. carlson <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-02-01attr: convert git_check_attrs() callers to use the new APIJunio C Hamano
The remaining callers are all simple "I have N attributes I am interested in. I'll ask about them with various paths one by one". After this step, no caller to git_check_attrs() remains. After removing it, we can extend "struct attr_check" struct with data that can be used in optimizing the query for the specific N attributes it contains. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <> Signed-off-by: Stefan Beller <> Signed-off-by: Brandon Williams <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-02-01attr: rename function and struct related to checking attributesJunio C Hamano
The traditional API to check attributes is to prepare an N-element array of "struct git_attr_check" and pass N and the array to the function "git_check_attr()" as arguments. In preparation to revamp the API to pass a single structure, in which these N elements are held, rename the type used for these individual array elements to "struct attr_check_item" and rename the function to "git_check_attrs()". Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <> Signed-off-by: Stefan Beller <> Signed-off-by: Brandon Williams <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-01-28pack-objects: convert recursion to iteration in break_delta_chain()Jeff King
The break_delta_chain() function is recursive over the depth of a given delta chain, which can lead to possibly running out of stack space. Normally delta depth is quite small, but if there _is_ a pathological case, this is where we would find and fix it, so we should be more careful. We can do it without recursion at all, but there's a little bit of cleverness needed to do so. It's easiest to explain by covering the less-clever strategies first. The obvious thing to try is just keeping our own stack on the heap. Whenever we would recurse, push the new entry onto the stack and loop instead. But this gets tricky; when we see an ACTIVE entry, we need to care if we just pushed it (in which case it's a cycle) or if we just popped it (in which case we dealt with its bases, and no we need to clear the ACTIVE flag and compute its depth). You can hack around that in various ways, like keeping a "just pushed" flag, but the logic gets muddled. However, we can observe that we do all of our pushes first, and then all of our pops afterwards. In other words, we can do this in two passes. First dig down to the base, stopping when we see a cycle, and pushing each item onto our stack. Then pop the stack elements, clearing the ACTIVE flag and computing the depth for each. This works, and is reasonably elegant. However, why do we need the stack for the second pass? We can just walk the delta pointers again. There's one complication. Popping the stack went over our list in reverse, so we could compute the depth of each entry by incrementing the depth of its base, which we will have just computed. To go forward in the second pass, we have to compute the total depth on the way down, and then assign it as we go. This patch implements this final strategy, because it not only keeps the memory off the stack, but it eliminates it entirely. Credit for the cleverness in that approach goes to Michael Haggerty; bugs are mine. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-01-28pack-objects: enforce --depth limit in reused deltasJeff King
Since 898b14c (pack-objects: rework check_delta_limit usage, 2007-04-16), we check the delta depth limit only when figuring out whether we should make a new delta. We don't consider it at all when reusing deltas, which means that packing once with --depth=250, and then again with --depth=50, the second pack may still contain chains larger than 50. This is generally considered a feature, as the results of earlier high-depth repacks are carried forward, used for serving fetches, etc. However, since we started using cross-pack deltas in c9af708b1 (pack-objects: use mru list when iterating over packs, 2016-08-11), we are no longer bounded by the length of an existing delta chain in a single pack. Here's one particular pathological case: a sequence of N packs, each with 2 objects, the base of which is stored as a delta in a previous pack. If we chain all the deltas together, we have a cycle of length N. We break the cycle, but the tip delta is still at depth N-1. This is less unlikely than it might sound. See the included test for a reconstruction based on real-world actions. I ran into such a case in the wild, where a client was rapidly sending packs, and we had accumulated 10,000 before doing a server-side repack. The pack that "git repack" tried to generate had a very deep chain, which caused pack-objects to run out of stack space in the recursive write_one(). This patch bounds the length of delta chains in the output pack based on --depth, regardless of whether they are caused by cross-pack deltas or existed in the input packs. This fixes the problem, but does have two possible downsides: 1. High-depth aggressive repacks followed by "normal" repacks will throw away the high-depth chains. In the long run this is probably OK; investigation showed that high-depth repacks aren't actually beneficial, and we dropped the aggressive depth default to match the normal case in 07e7dbf0d (gc: default aggressive depth to 50, 2016-08-11). 2. If you really do want to store high-depth deltas on disk, they may be discarded and new delta computed when serving a fetch, unless you set pack.depth to match your high-depth size. The implementation uses the existing search for delta cycles. That lets us compute the depth of any node based on the depth of its base, because we know the base is DFS_DONE by the time we look at it (modulo any cycles in the graph, but we know there cannot be any because we break them as we see them). There is some subtlety worth mentioning, though. We record the depth of each object as we compute it. It might seem like we could save the per-object storage space by just keeping track of the depth of our traversal (i.e., have break_delta_chains() report how deep it went). But we may visit an object through multiple delta paths, and on subsequent paths we want to know its depth immediately, without having to walk back down to its final base (doing so would make our graph walk quadratic rather than linear). Likewise, one could try to record the depth not from the base, but from our starting point (i.e., start recursion_depth at 0, and pass "recursion_depth + 1" to each invocation of break_delta_chains()). And then when recursion_depth gets too big, we know that we must cut the delta chain. But that technique is wrong if we do not visit the nodes in topological order. In a chain A->B->C, it if we visit "C", then "B", then "A", we will never recurse deeper than 1 link (because we see at each node that we have already visited it). Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-11-16compression: unify pack.compression configuration parsingJunio C Hamano
There are three codepaths that use a variable whose name is pack_compression_level to affect how objects and deltas sent to a packfile is compressed. Unlike zlib_compression_level that controls the loose object compression, however, this variable was static to each of these codepaths. Two of them read the pack.compression configuration variable, using core.compression as the default, and one of them also allowed overriding it from the command line. The other codepath in bulk-checkin did not pay any attention to the configuration. Unify the configuration parsing to git_default_config(), where we implement the parsing of core.loosecompression and core.compression and make the former override the latter, by moving code to parse pack.compression and also allow core.compression to give default to this variable. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-10-25sha1_file: rename git_open_noatime() to git_open()Lars Schneider
This function is meant to be used when reading from files in the object store, and the original objective was to avoid smudging atime of loose object files too often, hence its name. Because we'll be extending its role in the next commit to also arrange the file descriptors they return auto-closed in the child processes, rename it to lose "noatime" part that is too specific. Signed-off-by: Lars Schneider <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-10-10Merge branch 'jk/pack-objects-optim-mru'Junio C Hamano
"git pack-objects" in a repository with many packfiles used to spend a lot of time looking for/at objects in them; the accesses to the packfiles are now optimized by checking the most-recently-used packfile first. * jk/pack-objects-optim-mru: pack-objects: use mru list when iterating over packs pack-objects: break delta cycles before delta-search phase sha1_file: make packed_object_info public provide an initializer for "struct object_info"
2016-09-29use QSORTRené Scharfe
Apply the semantic patch contrib/coccinelle/qsort.cocci to the code base, replacing calls of qsort(3) with QSORT. The resulting code is shorter and supports empty arrays with NULL pointers. Signed-off-by: Rene Scharfe <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-09-21Merge branch 'ks/pack-objects-bitmap'Junio C Hamano
Some codepaths in "git pack-objects" were not ready to use an existing pack bitmap; now they are and as the result they have become faster. * ks/pack-objects-bitmap: pack-objects: use reachability bitmap index when generating non-stdout pack pack-objects: respect --local/--honor-pack-keep/--incremental when bitmap is in use
2016-09-15Merge branch 'jk/pack-tag-of-tag'Junio C Hamano
"git pack-objects --include-tag" was taught that when we know that we are sending an object C, we want a tag B that directly points at C but also a tag A that points at the tag B. We used to miss the intermediate tag B in some cases. * jk/pack-tag-of-tag: pack-objects: walk tag chains for --include-tag t5305: simplify packname handling t5305: use "git -C" t5305: drop "dry-run" of unpack-objects t5305: move cleanup into test block
2016-09-12pack-objects: use reachability bitmap index when generating non-stdout packKirill Smelkov
Starting from 6b8fda2d (pack-objects: use bitmaps when packing objects) if a repository has bitmap index, pack-objects can nicely speedup "Counting objects" graph traversal phase. That however was done only for case when resultant pack is sent to stdout, not written into a file. The reason here is for on-disk repack by default we want: - to produce good pack (with bitmap index not-yet-packed objects are emitted to pack in suboptimal order). - to use more robust pack-generation codepath (avoiding possible bugs in bitmap code and possible bitmap index corruption). Jeff King further explains: The reason for this split is that pack-objects tries to determine how "careful" it should be based on whether we are packing to disk or to stdout. Packing to disk implies "git repack", and that we will likely delete the old packs after finishing. We want to be more careful (so as not to carry forward a corruption, and to generate a more optimal pack), and we presumably run less frequently and can afford extra CPU. Whereas packing to stdout implies serving a remote via "git fetch" or "git push". This happens more frequently (e.g., a server handling many fetching clients), and we assume the receiving end takes more responsibility for verifying the data. But this isn't always the case. One might want to generate on-disk packfiles for a specialized object transfer. Just using "--stdout" and writing to a file is not optimal, as it will not generate the matching pack index. So it would be useful to have some way of overriding this heuristic: to tell pack-objects that even though it should generate on-disk files, it is still OK to use the reachability bitmaps to do the traversal. So we can teach pack-objects to use bitmap index for initial object counting phase when generating resultant pack file too: - if we take care to not let it be activated under git-repack: See above about repack robustness and not forward-carrying corruption. - if we know bitmap index generation is not enabled for resultant pack: The current code has singleton bitmap_git, so it cannot work simultaneously with two bitmap indices. We also want to avoid (at least with current implementation) generating bitmaps off of bitmaps. The reason here is: when generating a pack, not-yet-packed objects will be emitted into pack in suboptimal order and added to tail of the bitmap as "extended entries". When the resultant pack + some new objects in associated repository are in turn used to generate another pack with bitmap, the situation repeats: new objects are again not emitted optimally and just added to bitmap tail - not in recency order. So the pack badness can grow over time when at each step we have bitmapped pack + some other objects. That's why we want to avoid generating bitmaps off of bitmaps, not to let pack badness grow. - if we keep pack reuse enabled still only for "send-to-stdout" case: Because pack-to-file needs to generate index for destination pack, and currently on pack reuse raw entries are directly written out to the destination pack by write_reused_pack(), bypassing needed for pack index generation bookkeeping done by regular codepath in write_one() and friends. ( In the future we might teach pack-reuse code about cases when index also needs to be generated for resultant pack and remove pack-reuse-only-for-stdout limitation ) This way for pack-objects -> file we get nice speedup: erp5.git[1] (~230MB) extracted from ~ 5GB backup repository managed by git-backup[2] via time echo 0186ac99 | git pack-objects --revs erp5pack before: 37.2s after: 26.2s And for `git repack -adb` packed git.git time echo 5c589a73 | git pack-objects --revs gitpack before: 7.1s after: 3.6s i.e. it can be 30% - 50% speedup for pack extraction. git-backup extracts many packs on repositories restoration. That was my initial motivation for the patch. [1] [2] NOTE Jeff also suggests that pack.useBitmaps was probably a mistake to introduce originally. This way we are not adding another config point, but instead just always default to-file pack-objects not to use bitmap index: Tools which need to generate on-disk packs with using bitmap, can pass --use-bitmap-index explicitly. And git-repack does never pass --use-bitmap-index, so this way we can be sure regular on-disk repacking remains robust. NOTE2 `git pack-objects --stdout >file.pack` + `git index-pack file.pack` is much slower than `git pack-objects file.pack`. Extracting erp5.git pack from backup repository: $ time echo 0186ac99 | git pack-objects --stdout --revs >erp5pack-stdout.pack real 0m22.309s user 0m21.148s sys 0m0.932s $ time git index-pack erp5pack-stdout.pack real 0m50.873s <-- more than 2 times slower than time to generate pack itself! user 0m49.300s sys 0m1.360s So the time for `pack-object --stdout >file.pack` + `index-pack file.pack` is 72s, while `pack-objects file.pack` which does both pack and index is 27s. And even `pack-objects --no-use-bitmap-index file.pack` is 37s. Jeff explains: The packfile does not carry the sha1 of the objects. A receiving index-pack has to compute them itself, including inflating and applying all of the deltas. that's why for `git-backup restore` we want to teach `git pack-objects file.pack` to use bitmaps instead of using `git pack-objects --stdout >file.pack` + `git index-pack file.pack`. NOTE3 The speedup is now tracked via t/perf/ Test 56dfeb62 this tree -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5310.2: repack to disk 8.98(8.05+0.29) 9.05(8.08+0.33) +0.8% 5310.3: simulated clone 2.02(2.27+0.09) 2.01(2.25+0.08) -0.5% 5310.4: simulated fetch 0.81(1.07+0.02) 0.81(1.05+0.04) +0.0% 5310.5: pack to file 7.58(7.04+0.28) 7.60(7.04+0.30) +0.3% 5310.6: pack to file (bitmap) 7.55(7.02+0.28) 3.25(2.82+0.18) -57.0% 5310.8: clone (partial bitmap) 1.83(2.26+0.12) 1.82(2.22+0.14) -0.5% 5310.9: pack to file (partial bitmap) 6.86(6.58+0.30) 2.87(2.74+0.20) -58.2% More context: Cc: Vicent Marti <> Helped-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Kirill Smelkov <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-09-12pack-objects: respect --local/--honor-pack-keep/--incremental when bitmap is ↵Kirill Smelkov
in use Since 6b8fda2d (pack-objects: use bitmaps when packing objects) there are two codepaths in pack-objects: with & without using bitmap reachability index. However add_object_entry_from_bitmap(), despite its non-bitmapped counterpart add_object_entry(), in no way does check for whether --local or --honor-pack-keep or --incremental should be respected. In non-bitmapped codepath this is handled in want_object_in_pack(), but bitmapped codepath has simply no such checking at all. The bitmapped codepath however was allowing to pass in all those options and with bitmap indices still being used under such conditions - potentially giving wrong output (e.g. including objects from non-local or .keep'ed pack). We can easily fix this by noting the following: when an object comes to add_object_entry_from_bitmap() it can come for two reasons: 1. entries coming from main pack covered by bitmap index, and 2. object coming from, possibly alternate, loose or other packs. "2" can be already handled by want_object_in_pack() and to cover "1" we can teach want_object_in_pack() to expect that *found_pack can be non-NULL, meaning calling client already found object's pack entry. In want_object_in_pack() we care to start the checks from already found pack, if we have one, this way determining the answer right away in case neither --local nor --honour-pack-keep are active. In particular, as shows (3 consecutive runs), we do not do harm to served-with-bitmap clones performance-wise: Test 56dfeb62 this tree ----------------------------------------------------------------- 5310.2: repack to disk 9.08(8.20+0.25) 9.09(8.14+0.32) +0.1% 5310.3: simulated clone 1.92(2.12+0.08) 1.93(2.12+0.09) +0.5% 5310.4: simulated fetch 0.82(1.07+0.04) 0.82(1.06+0.04) +0.0% 5310.6: partial bitmap 1.96(2.42+0.13) 1.95(2.40+0.15) -0.5% Test 56dfeb62 this tree ----------------------------------------------------------------- 5310.2: repack to disk 9.11(8.16+0.32) 9.11(8.19+0.28) +0.0% 5310.3: simulated clone 1.93(2.14+0.07) 1.92(2.11+0.10) -0.5% 5310.4: simulated fetch 0.82(1.06+0.04) 0.82(1.04+0.05) +0.0% 5310.6: partial bitmap 1.95(2.38+0.16) 1.94(2.39+0.14) -0.5% Test 56dfeb62 this tree ----------------------------------------------------------------- 5310.2: repack to disk 9.13(8.17+0.31) 9.07(8.13+0.28) -0.7% 5310.3: simulated clone 1.92(2.13+0.07) 1.91(2.12+0.06) -0.5% 5310.4: simulated fetch 0.82(1.08+0.03) 0.82(1.08+0.03) +0.0% 5310.6: partial bitmap 1.96(2.43+0.14) 1.96(2.42+0.14) +0.0% with delta timings showing they are all within noise from run to run. In the general case we do not want to call find_pack_entry_one() more than once, because it is expensive. This patch splits the loop in want_object_in_pack() into two parts: finding the object and seeing if it impacts our choice to include it in the pack. We may call the inexpensive want_found_object() twice, but we will never call find_pack_entry_one() if we do not need to. I appreciate help and discussing this change with Junio C Hamano and Jeff King. Signed-off-by: Kirill Smelkov <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-09-07pack-objects: walk tag chains for --include-tagJeff King
When pack-objects is given --include-tag, it peels each tag ref down to a non-tag object, and if that non-tag object is going to be packed, we include the tag, too. But what happens if we have a chain of tags (e.g., tag "A" points to tag "B", which points to commit "C")? We'll peel down to "C" and realize that we want to include tag "A", but we do not ever consider tag "B", leading to a broken pack (assuming "B" was not otherwise selected). Instead, we have to walk the whole chain, adding any tags we find to the pack. Interestingly, it doesn't seem possible to trigger this problem with "git fetch", but you can with "git clone --single-branch". The reason is that we generate the correct pack when the client explicitly asks for "A" (because we do a real reachability analysis there), and "fetch" is more willing to do so. There are basically two cases: 1. If "C" is already a ref tip, then the client can deduce that it needs "A" itself (via find_non_local_tags), and will ask for it explicitly rather than relying on the include-tag capability. Everything works. 2. If "C" is not already a ref tip, then we hope for include-tag to send us the correct tag. But it doesn't; it generates a broken pack. However, the next step is to do a follow-up run of find_non_local_tags(), followed by fetch_refs() to backfill any tags we learned about. In the normal case, fetch_refs() calls quickfetch(), which does a connectivity check and sees we have no new objects to fetch. We just write the refs. But for the broken-pack case, the connectivity check fails, and quickfetch will follow-up with the remote, asking explicitly for each of the ref tips. This picks up the missing object in a new pack. For a regular "git clone", we are similarly OK, because we explicitly request all of the tag refs, and get a correct pack. But with "--single-branch", we kick in tag auto-following via "include-tag", but do _not_ do a follow-up backfill. We just take whatever the server sent us via include-tag and write out tag refs for any tag objects we were sent. So prior to c6807a4 (clone: open a shortcut for connectivity check, 2013-05-26), we actually claimed the clone was a success, but the result was silently corrupted! Since c6807a4, index-pack's connectivity check catches this case, and we correctly complain. The included test directly checks that pack-objects does not generate a broken pack, but also confirms that "clone --single-branch" does not hit the bug. Note that tag chains introduce another interesting question: if we are packing the tag "B" but not the commit "C", should "A" be included? Both before and after this patch, we do not include "A", because the initial peel_ref() check only knows about the bottom-most level, "C". To realize that "B" is involved at all, we would have to switch to an incremental peel, in which we examine each tagged object, asking if it is being packed (and including the outer tag if so). But that runs contrary to the optimizations in peel_ref(), which avoid accessing the objects at all, in favor of using the value we pull from packed-refs. It's OK to walk the whole chain once we know we're going to include the tag (we have to access it anyway, so the effort is proportional to the pack we're generating). But for the initial selection, we have to look at every ref. If we're only packing a few objects, we'd still have to parse every single referenced tag object just to confirm that it isn't part of a tag chain. This could be addressed if packed-refs stored the complete tag chain for each peeled ref (in most cases, this would be the same cost as now, as each "chain" is only a single link). But given the size of that project, it's out of scope for this fix (and probably nobody cares enough anyway, as it's such an obscure situation). This commit limits itself to just avoiding the creation of a broken pack. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-08-11pack-objects: use mru list when iterating over packsJeff King
In the original implementation of want_object_in_pack(), we always looked for the object in every pack, so the order did not matter for performance. As of the last few patches, however, we can now often break out of the loop early after finding the first instance, and avoid looking in the other packs at all. In this case, pack order can make a big difference, because we'd like to find the objects by looking at as few packs as possible. This patch switches us to the same packed_git_mru list that is now used by normal object lookups. Here are timings for p5303 on linux.git: Test HEAD^ HEAD ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 5303.3: rev-list (1) 31.31(31.07+0.23) 31.28(31.00+0.27) -0.1% 5303.4: repack (1) 40.35(38.84+2.60) 40.53(39.31+2.32) +0.4% 5303.6: rev-list (50) 31.37(31.15+0.21) 31.41(31.16+0.24) +0.1% 5303.7: repack (50) 58.25(68.54+2.03) 47.28(57.66+1.89) -18.8% 5303.9: rev-list (1000) 31.91(31.57+0.33) 31.93(31.64+0.28) +0.1% 5303.10: repack (1000) 304.80(376.00+3.92) 87.21(159.54+2.84) -71.4% The rev-list numbers are unchanged, which makes sense (they are not exercising this code at all). The 50- and 1000-pack repack cases show considerable improvement. The single-pack repack case doesn't, of course; there's nothing to improve. In fact, it gives us a baseline for how fast we could possibly go. You can see that though rev-list can approach the single-pack case even with 1000 packs, repack doesn't. The reason is simple: the loop we are optimizing is only part of what the repack is doing. After the "counting" phase, we do delta compression, which is much more expensive when there are multiple packs, because we have fewer deltas we can reuse (you can also see that these numbers come from a multicore machine; the CPU times are much higher than the wall-clock times due to the delta phase). So the good news is that in cases with many packs, we used to be dominated by the "counting" phase, and now we are dominated by the delta compression (which is faster, and which we have already parallelized). Here are similar numbers for git.git: Test HEAD^ HEAD --------------------------------------------------------------------- 5303.3: rev-list (1) 1.55(1.51+0.02) 1.54(1.53+0.00) -0.6% 5303.4: repack (1) 1.82(1.80+0.08) 1.82(1.78+0.09) +0.0% 5303.6: rev-list (50) 1.58(1.57+0.00) 1.58(1.56+0.01) +0.0% 5303.7: repack (50) 2.50(3.12+0.07) 2.31(2.95+0.06) -7.6% 5303.9: rev-list (1000) 2.22(2.20+0.02) 2.23(2.19+0.03) +0.5% 5303.10: repack (1000) 10.47(16.78+0.22) 7.50(13.76+0.22) -28.4% Not as impressive in terms of percentage, but still measurable wins. If you look at the wall-clock time improvements in the 1000-pack case, you can see that linux improved by roughly 10x as many seconds as git. That's because it has roughly 10x as many objects, and we'd expect this improvement to scale linearly with the number of objects (since the number of packs is kept constant). It's just that the "counting" phase is a smaller percentage of the total time spent for a git.git repack, and hence the percentage win is smaller. The implementation itself is a straightforward use of the MRU code. We only bother marking a pack as used when we know that we are able to break early out of the loop, for two reasons: 1. If we can't break out early, it does no good; we have to visit each pack anyway, so we might as well avoid even the minor overhead of managing the cache order. 2. The mru_mark() function reorders the list, which would screw up our traversal. So it is only safe to mark when we are about to break out of the loop. We could record the found pack and mark it after the loop finishes, of course, but that's more complicated and it doesn't buy us anything due to (1). Note that this reordering does have a potential impact on the final pack, as we store only a single "found" pack for each object, even if it is present in multiple packs. In principle, any copy is acceptable, as they all refer to the same content. But in practice, they may differ in whether they are stored as deltas, against which base, etc. This may have an impact on delta reuse, and even the delta search (since we skip pairs that were already in the same pack). It's not clear whether this change of order would hurt or even help average cases, though. The most likely reason to have duplicate objects is from the completion of thin packs (e.g., you have some objects in a "base" pack, then receive several pushes; the packs you receive may be thin on the wire, with deltas that refer to bases outside the pack, but we complete them with duplicate base objects when indexing them). In such a case the current code would always find the thin duplicates (because we currently walk the packs in reverse chronological order). Whereas with this patch, some of those duplicates would be found in the base pack instead. In my tests repacking a real-world case of linux.git with 3600 thin-pack pushes (on top of a large "base" pack), the resulting pack was about 0.04% larger with this patch. On the other hand, because we were more likely to hit the base pack, there were more opportunities for delta reuse, and we had 50,000 fewer objects to examine in the delta search. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-08-11pack-objects: break delta cycles before delta-search phaseJeff King
We do not allow cycles in the delta graph of a pack (i.e., A is a delta of B which is a delta of A) for the obvious reason that you cannot actually access any of the objects in such a case. There's a last-ditch attempt to notice cycles during the write phase, during which we issue a warning to the user and write one of the objects out in full. However, this is "last-ditch" for two reasons: 1. By this time, it's too late to find another delta for the object, so the resulting pack is larger than it otherwise could be. 2. The warning is there because this is something that _shouldn't_ ever happen. If it does, then either: a. a pack we are reusing deltas from had its own cycle b. we are reusing deltas from multiple packs, and we found a cycle among them (i.e., A is a delta of B in one pack, but B is a delta of A in another, and we choose to use both deltas). c. there is a bug in the delta-search code So this code serves as a final check that none of these things has happened, warns the user, and prevents us from writing a bogus pack. Right now, (2b) should never happen because of the static ordering of packs in want_object_in_pack(). If two objects have a delta relationship, then they must be in the same pack, and therefore we will find them from that same pack. However, a future patch would like to change that static ordering, which will make (2b) a common occurrence. In preparation, we should be able to handle those kinds of cycles better. This patch does by introducing a cycle-breaking step during the get_object_details() phase, when we are deciding which deltas can be reused. That gives us the chance to feed the objects into the delta search as if the cycle did not exist. We'll leave the detection and warning in the write_object() phase in place, as it still serves as a check for case (2c). This does mean we will stop warning for (2a). That case is caused by bogus input packs, and we ideally would warn the user about it. However, since those cycles show up after picking reusable deltas, they look the same as (2b) to us; our new code will break the cycles early and the last-ditch check will never see them. We could do analysis on any cycles that we find to distinguish the two cases (i.e., it is a bogus pack if and only if every delta in the cycle is in the same pack), but we don't need to. If there is a cycle inside a pack, we'll run into problems not only reusing the delta, but accessing the object data at all. So when we try to dig up the actual size of the object, we'll hit that same cycle and kick in our usual complain-and-try-another-source code. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-08-08Merge branch 'jk/pack-objects-optim'Junio C Hamano
"git pack-objects" has a few options that tell it not to pack objects found in certain packfiles, which require it to scan .idx files of all available packs. The codepaths involved in these operations have been optimized for a common case of not having any non-local pack and/or any .kept pack. * jk/pack-objects-optim: pack-objects: compute local/ignore_pack_keep early pack-objects: break out of want_object loop early find_pack_entry: replace last_found_pack with MRU cache add generic most-recently-used list sha1_file: drop free_pack_by_name t/perf: add tests for many-pack scenarios
2016-08-08Merge branch 'nd/pack-ofs-4gb-limit' into maintJunio C Hamano
"git pack-objects" and "git index-pack" mostly operate with off_t when talking about the offset of objects in a packfile, but there were a handful of places that used "unsigned long" to hold that value, leading to an unintended truncation. * nd/pack-ofs-4gb-limit: fsck: use streaming interface for large blobs in pack pack-objects: do not truncate result in-pack object size on 32-bit systems index-pack: correct "offset" type in unpack_entry_data() index-pack: report correct bad object offsets even if they are large index-pack: correct "len" type in unpack_data() sha1_file.c: use type off_t* for object_info->disk_sizep pack-objects: pass length to check_pack_crc() without truncation
2016-07-29pack-objects: compute local/ignore_pack_keep earlyJeff King
In want_object_in_pack(), we can exit early from our loop if neither "local" nor "ignore_pack_keep" are set. If they are, however, we must examine each pack to see if it has the object and is non-local or has a ".keep". It's quite common for there to be no non-local or .keep packs at all, in which case we know ahead of time that looking further will be pointless. We can pre-compute this by simply iterating over the list of packs ahead of time, and dropping the flags if there are no packs that could match. Another similar strategy would be to modify the loop in want_object_in_pack() to notice that we have already found the object once, and that we are looping only to check for "local" and "keep" attributes. If a pack has neither of those, we can skip the call to find_pack_entry_one(), which is the expensive part of the loop. This has two advantages: - it isn't all-or-nothing; we still get some improvement when there's a small number of kept or non-local packs, and a large number of non-kept local packs - it eliminates any possible race where we add new non-local or kept packs after our initial scan. In practice, I don't think this race matters; we already cache the packed_git information, so somebody who adds a new pack or .keep file after we've started will not be noticed at all, unless we happen to need to call reprepare_packed_git() because a lookup fails. In other words, we're already racy, and the race is not a big deal (losing the race means we might include an object in the pack that would not otherwise be, which is an acceptable outcome). However, it also has a disadvantage: we still loop over the rest of the packs for each object to check their flags. This is much less expensive than doing the object lookup, but still not free. So if we wanted to implement that strategy to cover the non-all-or-nothing cases, we could do so in addition to this one (so you get the most speedup in the all-or-nothing case, and the best we can do in the other cases). But given that the all-or-nothing case is likely the most common, it is probably not worth the trouble, and we can revisit this later if evidence points otherwise. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-07-29pack-objects: break out of want_object loop earlyJeff King
When pack-objects collects the list of objects to pack (either from stdin, or via its internal rev-list), it filters each one through want_object_in_pack(). This function loops through each existing packfile, looking for the object. When we find it, we mark the pack/offset combo for later use. However, we can't just return "yes, we want it" at that point. If --honor-pack-keep is in effect, we must keep looking to find it in _all_ packs, to make sure none of them has a .keep. Likewise, if --local is in effect, we must make sure it is not present in any non-local pack. As a result, the sum effort of these calls is effectively O(nr_objects * nr_packs). In an ordinary repository, we have only a handful of packs, and this doesn't make a big difference. But in pathological cases, it can slow the counting phase to a crawl. This patch notices the case that we have neither "--local" nor "--honor-pack-keep" in effect and breaks out of the loop early, after finding the first instance. Note that our worst case is still "objects * packs" (i.e., we might find each object in the last pack we look in), but in practice we will often break out early. On an "average" repo, my git.git with 8 packs, this shows a modest 2% (a few dozen milliseconds) improvement in the counting-objects phase of "git pack-objects --all <foo" (hackily instrumented by sticking exit(0) right after list_objects). But in a much more pathological case, it makes a bigger difference. I ran the same command on a real-world example with ~9 million objects across 1300 packs. The counting time dropped from 413s to 45s, an improvement of about 89%. Note that this patch won't do anything by itself for a normal "git gc", as it uses both --honor-pack-keep and --local. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-07-28Merge branch 'nd/pack-ofs-4gb-limit'Junio C Hamano
"git pack-objects" and "git index-pack" mostly operate with off_t when talking about the offset of objects in a packfile, but there were a handful of places that used "unsigned long" to hold that value, leading to an unintended truncation. * nd/pack-ofs-4gb-limit: fsck: use streaming interface for large blobs in pack pack-objects: do not truncate result in-pack object size on 32-bit systems index-pack: correct "offset" type in unpack_entry_data() index-pack: report correct bad object offsets even if they are large index-pack: correct "len" type in unpack_data() sha1_file.c: use type off_t* for object_info->disk_sizep pack-objects: pass length to check_pack_crc() without truncation
2016-07-13pack-objects: do not truncate result in-pack object size on 32-bit systemsNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
A typical diff will not show what's going on and you need to see full functions. The core code is like this, at the end of of write_one() e->idx.offset = *offset; size = write_object(f, e, *offset); if (!size) { e->idx.offset = recursing; return WRITE_ONE_BREAK; } written_list[nr_written++] = &e->idx; /* make sure off_t is sufficiently large not to wrap */ if (signed_add_overflows(*offset, size)) die("pack too large for current definition of off_t"); *offset += size; Here we can see that the in-pack object size is returned by write_object (or indirectly by write_reuse_object). And it's used to calculate object offsets, which end up in the pack index file, generated at the end. If "size" overflows (on 32-bit sytems, unsigned long is 32-bit while off_t can be 64-bit), we got wrong offsets and produce incorrect .idx file, which may make it look like the .pack file is corrupted. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-07-12pack-objects: pass length to check_pack_crc() without truncationNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
On 32 bit systems with large file support, unsigned long is 32-bit while the two offsets in the subtraction expression (pack-objects has the exact same expression as in sha1_file.c but not shown in diff) are in 64-bit. If an in-pack object is larger than 2^32 len/datalen is truncated and we get a misleading "error: bad packed object CRC for ..." as a result. Use off_t for len and datalen. check_pack_crc() already accepts this argument as off_t and can deal with 4+ GB. Noticed-by: Christoph Michelbach <> Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-06-14repack: extend --keep-unreachable to loose objectsJeff King
If you use "repack -adk" currently, we will pack all objects that are already packed into the new pack, and then drop the old packs. However, loose unreachable objects will be left as-is. In theory these are meant to expire eventually with "git prune". But if you are using "repack -k", you probably want to keep things forever and therefore do not run "git prune" at all. Meaning those loose objects may build up over time and end up fooling any object-count heuristics (such as the one done by "gc --auto", though since git-gc does not support "repack -k", this really applies to whatever custom scripts people might have driving "repack -k"). With this patch, we instead stuff any loose unreachable objects into the pack along with the already-packed unreachable objects. This may seem wasteful, but it is really no more so than using "repack -k" in the first place. We are at a slight disadvantage, in that we have no useful ordering for the result, or names to hand to the delta code. However, this is again no worse than what "repack -k" is already doing for the packed objects. The packing of these objects doesn't matter much because they should not be accessed frequently (unless they actually _do_ become referenced, but then they would get moved to a different part of the packfile during the next repack). Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-05-17Merge branch 'nd/error-errno'Junio C Hamano
The code for warning_errno/die_errno has been refactored and a new error_errno() reporting helper is introduced. * nd/error-errno: (41 commits) wrapper.c: use warning_errno() vcs-svn: use error_errno() upload-pack.c: use error_errno() unpack-trees.c: use error_errno() transport-helper.c: use error_errno() sha1_file.c: use {error,die,warning}_errno() server-info.c: use error_errno() sequencer.c: use error_errno() run-command.c: use error_errno() rerere.c: use error_errno() and warning_errno() reachable.c: use error_errno() mailmap.c: use error_errno() ident.c: use warning_errno() http.c: use error_errno() and warning_errno() grep.c: use error_errno() gpg-interface.c: use error_errno() fast-import.c: use error_errno() entry.c: use error_errno() editor.c: use error_errno() diff-no-index.c: use error_errno() ...
2016-05-10Merge branch 'ew/doc-split-pack-disables-bitmap'Junio C Hamano
Doc update. * ew/doc-split-pack-disables-bitmap: pack-objects: warn on split packs disabling bitmaps
2016-05-09builtin/pack-objects.c: use die_errno() and warning_errno()Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-04-28pack-objects: warn on split packs disabling bitmapsEric Wong
It can be tempting for a server admin to want a stable set of long-lived packs for dumb clients; but also want to enable bitmaps to serve smart clients more quickly. Unfortunately, such a configuration is impossible; so at least warn users of this incompatibility since commit 21134714 (pack-objects: turn off bitmaps when we split packs, 2014-10-16). Tested the warning by inspecting the output of: make -C t GIT_TEST_OPTS=-v Signed-off-by: Eric Wong <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>