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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2010, Google Inc.
 * and other copyright owners as documented in JGit's IP log.
 *
 * This program and the accompanying materials are made available
 * under the terms of the Eclipse Distribution License v1.0 which
 * accompanies this distribution, is reproduced below, and is
 * available at http://www.eclipse.org/org/documents/edl-v10.php
 *
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
 * without modification, are permitted provided that the following
 * conditions are met:
 *
 * - Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
 *   copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
 *   disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
 *   with the distribution.
 *
 * - Neither the name of the Eclipse Foundation, Inc. nor the
 *   names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote
 *   products derived from this software without specific prior
 *   written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND
 * CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR
 * CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER
 * CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF
 * ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */
 
#include "xinclude.h"
#include "xtypes.h"
#include "xdiff.h"
 
#define MAX_PTR	UINT_MAX
#define MAX_CNT	UINT_MAX
 
#define LINE_END(n) (line##n + count##n - 1)
#define LINE_END_PTR(n) (*line##n + *count##n - 1)
 
struct histindex {
	struct record {
		unsigned int ptr, cnt;
		struct record *next;
	} **records, /* an occurrence */
	  **line_map; /* map of line to record chain */
	chastore_t rcha;
	unsigned int *next_ptrs;
	unsigned int table_bits,
		     records_size,
		     line_map_size;
 
	unsigned int max_chain_length,
		     key_shift,
		     ptr_shift;
 
	unsigned int cnt,
		     has_common;
 
	xdfenv_t *env;
	xpparam_t const *xpp;
};
 
struct region {
	unsigned int begin1, end1;
	unsigned int begin2, end2;
};
 
#define LINE_MAP(i, a) (i->line_map[(a) - i->ptr_shift])
 
#define NEXT_PTR(index, ptr) \
	(index->next_ptrs[(ptr) - index->ptr_shift])
 
#define CNT(index, ptr) \
	((LINE_MAP(index, ptr))->cnt)
 
#define REC(env, s, l) \
	(env->xdf##s.recs[l - 1])
 
static int cmp_recs(xpparam_t const *xpp,
	xrecord_t *r1, xrecord_t *r2)
{
	return r1->ha == r2->ha &&
		xdl_recmatch(r1->ptr, r1->size, r2->ptr, r2->size,
			    xpp->flags);
}
 
#define CMP_ENV(xpp, env, s1, l1, s2, l2) \
	(cmp_recs(xpp, REC(env, s1, l1), REC(env, s2, l2)))
 
#define CMP(i, s1, l1, s2, l2) \
	(cmp_recs(i->xpp, REC(i->env, s1, l1), REC(i->env, s2, l2)))
 
#define TABLE_HASH(index, side, line) \
	XDL_HASHLONG((REC(index->env, side, line))->ha, index->table_bits)
 
static int scanA(struct histindex *index, int line1, int count1)
{
	unsigned int ptr, tbl_idx;
	unsigned int chain_len;
	struct record **rec_chain, *rec;
 
	for (ptr = LINE_END(1); line1 <= ptr; ptr--) {
		tbl_idx = TABLE_HASH(index, 1, ptr);
		rec_chain = index->records + tbl_idx;
		rec = *rec_chain;
 
		chain_len = 0;
		while (rec) {
			if (CMP(index, 1, rec->ptr, 1, ptr)) {
				/*
				 * ptr is identical to another element. Insert
				 * it onto the front of the existing element
				 * chain.
				 */
				NEXT_PTR(index, ptr) = rec->ptr;
				rec->ptr = ptr;
				/* cap rec->cnt at MAX_CNT */
				rec->cnt = XDL_MIN(MAX_CNT, rec->cnt + 1);
				LINE_MAP(index, ptr) = rec;
				goto continue_scan;
			}
 
			rec = rec->next;
			chain_len++;
		}
 
		if (chain_len == index->max_chain_length)
			return -1;
 
		/*
		 * This is the first time we have ever seen this particular
		 * element in the sequence. Construct a new chain for it.
		 */
		if (!(rec = xdl_cha_alloc(&index->rcha)))
			return -1;
		rec->ptr = ptr;
		rec->cnt = 1;
		rec->next = *rec_chain;
		*rec_chain = rec;
		LINE_MAP(index, ptr) = rec;
 
continue_scan:
		; /* no op */
	}
 
	return 0;
}
 
static int try_lcs(struct histindex *index, struct region *lcs, int b_ptr,
	int line1, int count1, int line2, int count2)
{
	unsigned int b_next = b_ptr + 1;
	struct record *rec = index->records[TABLE_HASH(index, 2, b_ptr)];
	unsigned int as, ae, bs, be, np, rc;
	int should_break;
 
	for (; rec; rec = rec->next) {
		if (rec->cnt > index->cnt) {
			if (!index->has_common)
				index->has_common = CMP(index, 1, rec->ptr, 2, b_ptr);
			continue;
		}
 
		as = rec->ptr;
		if (!CMP(index, 1, as, 2, b_ptr))
			continue;
 
		index->has_common = 1;
		for (;;) {
			should_break = 0;
			np = NEXT_PTR(index, as);
			bs = b_ptr;
			ae = as;
			be = bs;
			rc = rec->cnt;
 
			while (line1 < as && line2 < bs
				&& CMP(index, 1, as - 1, 2, bs - 1)) {
				as--;
				bs--;
				if (1 < rc)
					rc = XDL_MIN(rc, CNT(index, as));
			}
			while (ae < LINE_END(1) && be < LINE_END(2)
				&& CMP(index, 1, ae + 1, 2, be + 1)) {
				ae++;
				be++;
				if (1 < rc)
					rc = XDL_MIN(rc, CNT(index, ae));
			}
 
			if (b_next <= be)
				b_next = be + 1;
			if (lcs->end1 - lcs->begin1 < ae - as || rc < index->cnt) {
				lcs->begin1 = as;
				lcs->begin2 = bs;
				lcs->end1 = ae;
				lcs->end2 = be;
				index->cnt = rc;
			}
 
			if (np == 0)
				break;
 
			while (np <= ae) {
				np = NEXT_PTR(index, np);
				if (np == 0) {
					should_break = 1;
					break;
				}
			}
 
			if (should_break)
				break;
 
			as = np;
		}
	}
	return b_next;
}
 
static int fall_back_to_classic_diff(xpparam_t const *xpp, xdfenv_t *env,
		int line1, int count1, int line2, int count2)
{
	xpparam_t xpparam;
	xpparam.flags = xpp->flags & ~XDF_DIFF_ALGORITHM_MASK;
 
	return xdl_fall_back_diff(env, &xpparam,
				  line1, count1, line2, count2);
}
 
static int find_lcs(struct histindex *index, struct region *lcs,
	int line1, int count1, int line2, int count2) {
	int b_ptr;
 
	if (scanA(index, line1, count1))
		return -1;
 
	index->cnt = index->max_chain_length + 1;
 
	for (b_ptr = line2; b_ptr <= LINE_END(2); )
		b_ptr = try_lcs(index, lcs, b_ptr, line1, count1, line2, count2);
 
	return index->has_common && index->max_chain_length < index->cnt;
}
 
static int histogram_diff(xpparam_t const *xpp, xdfenv_t *env,
	int line1, int count1, int line2, int count2)
{
	struct histindex index;
	struct region lcs;
	int sz;
	int result = -1;
 
	if (count1 <= 0 && count2 <= 0)
		return 0;
 
	if (LINE_END(1) >= MAX_PTR)
		return -1;
 
	if (!count1) {
		while(count2--)
			env->xdf2.rchg[line2++ - 1] = 1;
		return 0;
	} else if (!count2) {
		while(count1--)
			env->xdf1.rchg[line1++ - 1] = 1;
		return 0;
	}
 
	memset(&index, 0, sizeof(index));
 
	index.env = env;
	index.xpp = xpp;
 
	index.records = NULL;
	index.line_map = NULL;
	/* in case of early xdl_cha_free() */
	index.rcha.head = NULL;
 
	index.table_bits = xdl_hashbits(count1);
	sz = index.records_size = 1 << index.table_bits;
	sz *= sizeof(struct record *);
	if (!(index.records = (struct record **) xdl_malloc(sz)))
		goto cleanup;
	memset(index.records, 0, sz);
 
	sz = index.line_map_size = count1;
	sz *= sizeof(struct record *);
	if (!(index.line_map = (struct record **) xdl_malloc(sz)))
		goto cleanup;
	memset(index.line_map, 0, sz);
 
	sz = index.line_map_size;
	sz *= sizeof(unsigned int);
	if (!(index.next_ptrs = (unsigned int *) xdl_malloc(sz)))
		goto cleanup;
	memset(index.next_ptrs, 0, sz);
 
	/* lines / 4 + 1 comes from xprepare.c:xdl_prepare_ctx() */
	if (xdl_cha_init(&index.rcha, sizeof(struct record), count1 / 4 + 1) < 0)
		goto cleanup;
 
	index.ptr_shift = line1;
	index.max_chain_length = 64;
 
	memset(&lcs, 0, sizeof(lcs));
	if (find_lcs(&index, &lcs, line1, count1, line2, count2))
		result = fall_back_to_classic_diff(xpp, env, line1, count1, line2, count2);
	else {
		if (lcs.begin1 == 0 && lcs.begin2 == 0) {
			while (count1--)
				env->xdf1.rchg[line1++ - 1] = 1;
			while (count2--)
				env->xdf2.rchg[line2++ - 1] = 1;
			result = 0;
		} else {
			result = histogram_diff(xpp, env,
						line1, lcs.begin1 - line1,
						line2, lcs.begin2 - line2);
			if (result)
				goto cleanup;
			result = histogram_diff(xpp, env,
						lcs.end1 + 1, LINE_END(1) - lcs.end1,
						lcs.end2 + 1, LINE_END(2) - lcs.end2);
			if (result)
				goto cleanup;
		}
	}
 
cleanup:
	xdl_free(index.records);
	xdl_free(index.line_map);
	xdl_free(index.next_ptrs);
	xdl_cha_free(&index.rcha);
 
	return result;
}
 
int xdl_do_histogram_diff(mmfile_t *file1, mmfile_t *file2,
	xpparam_t const *xpp, xdfenv_t *env)
{
	if (xdl_prepare_env(file1, file2, xpp, env) < 0)
		return -1;
 
	return histogram_diff(xpp, env,
		env->xdf1.dstart + 1, env->xdf1.dend - env->xdf1.dstart + 1,
		env->xdf2.dstart + 1, env->xdf2.dend - env->xdf2.dstart + 1);
}