summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/parse-options.h
blob: 0d40cd2f124edfd68d23c69433e95bd0d5796282 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
#ifndef PARSE_OPTIONS_H
#define PARSE_OPTIONS_H
 
enum parse_opt_type {
	/* special types */
	OPTION_END,
	OPTION_GROUP,
	/* options with no arguments */
	OPTION_BIT,
	OPTION_BOOLEAN, /* _INCR would have been a better name */
	OPTION_SET_INT,
	OPTION_SET_PTR,
	/* options with arguments (usually) */
	OPTION_STRING,
	OPTION_INTEGER,
	OPTION_CALLBACK,
};
 
enum parse_opt_flags {
	PARSE_OPT_KEEP_DASHDASH = 1,
	PARSE_OPT_STOP_AT_NON_OPTION = 2,
};
 
enum parse_opt_option_flags {
	PARSE_OPT_OPTARG  = 1,
	PARSE_OPT_NOARG   = 2,
	PARSE_OPT_NONEG   = 4,
	PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN  = 8,
};
 
struct option;
typedef int parse_opt_cb(const struct option *, const char *arg, int unset);
 
/*
 * `type`::
 *   holds the type of the option, you must have an OPTION_END last in your
 *   array.
 *
 * `short_name`::
 *   the character to use as a short option name, '\0' if none.
 *
 * `long_name`::
 *   the long option name, without the leading dashes, NULL if none.
 *
 * `value`::
 *   stores pointers to the values to be filled.
 *
 * `argh`::
 *   token to explain the kind of argument this option wants. Keep it
 *   homogenous across the repository.
 *
 * `help`::
 *   the short help associated to what the option does.
 *   Must never be NULL (except for OPTION_END).
 *   OPTION_GROUP uses this pointer to store the group header.
 *
 * `flags`::
 *   mask of parse_opt_option_flags.
 *   PARSE_OPT_OPTARG: says that the argument is optionnal (not for BOOLEANs)
 *   PARSE_OPT_NOARG: says that this option takes no argument, for CALLBACKs
 *   PARSE_OPT_NONEG: says that this option cannot be negated
 *   PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN this option is skipped in the default usage, showed in
 *                    the long one.
 *
 * `callback`::
 *   pointer to the callback to use for OPTION_CALLBACK.
 *
 * `defval`::
 *   default value to fill (*->value) with for PARSE_OPT_OPTARG.
 *   OPTION_{BIT,SET_INT,SET_PTR} store the {mask,integer,pointer} to put in
 *   the value when met.
 *   CALLBACKS can use it like they want.
 */
struct option {
	enum parse_opt_type type;
	int short_name;
	const char *long_name;
	void *value;
	const char *argh;
	const char *help;
 
	int flags;
	parse_opt_cb *callback;
	intptr_t defval;
};
 
#define OPT_END()                   { OPTION_END }
#define OPT_GROUP(h)                { OPTION_GROUP, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL, (h) }
#define OPT_BIT(s, l, v, h, b)      { OPTION_BIT, (s), (l), (v), NULL, (h), 0, NULL, (b) }
#define OPT_BOOLEAN(s, l, v, h)     { OPTION_BOOLEAN, (s), (l), (v), NULL, (h) }
#define OPT_SET_INT(s, l, v, h, i)  { OPTION_SET_INT, (s), (l), (v), NULL, (h), 0, NULL, (i) }
#define OPT_SET_PTR(s, l, v, h, p)  { OPTION_SET_PTR, (s), (l), (v), NULL, (h), 0, NULL, (p) }
#define OPT_INTEGER(s, l, v, h)     { OPTION_INTEGER, (s), (l), (v), NULL, (h) }
#define OPT_STRING(s, l, v, a, h)   { OPTION_STRING,  (s), (l), (v), (a), (h) }
#define OPT_CALLBACK(s, l, v, a, h, f) \
	{ OPTION_CALLBACK, (s), (l), (v), (a), (h), 0, (f) }
 
/* parse_options() will filter out the processed options and leave the
 * non-option argments in argv[].
 * Returns the number of arguments left in argv[].
 */
extern int parse_options(int argc, const char **argv,
                         const struct option *options,
                         const char * const usagestr[], int flags);
 
extern NORETURN void usage_with_options(const char * const *usagestr,
                                        const struct option *options);
 
/*----- some often used options -----*/
extern int parse_opt_abbrev_cb(const struct option *, const char *, int);
 
#define OPT__VERBOSE(var)  OPT_BOOLEAN('v', "verbose", (var), "be verbose")
#define OPT__QUIET(var)    OPT_BOOLEAN('q', "quiet",   (var), "be quiet")
#define OPT__DRY_RUN(var)  OPT_BOOLEAN('n', "dry-run", (var), "dry run")
#define OPT__ABBREV(var)  \
	{ OPTION_CALLBACK, 0, "abbrev", (var), "n", \
	  "use <n> digits to display SHA-1s", \
	  PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, &parse_opt_abbrev_cb, 0 }
 
#endif