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path: root/lockfile.c
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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2005, Junio C Hamano
 */
#include "cache.h"
#include "sigchain.h"
 
static struct lock_file *lock_file_list;
static const char *alternate_index_output;
 
static void remove_lock_file(void)
{
	pid_t me = getpid();
 
	while (lock_file_list) {
		if (lock_file_list->owner == me &&
		    lock_file_list->filename[0]) {
			if (lock_file_list->fd >= 0)
				close(lock_file_list->fd);
			unlink(lock_file_list->filename);
		}
		lock_file_list = lock_file_list->next;
	}
}
 
static void remove_lock_file_on_signal(int signo)
{
	remove_lock_file();
	sigchain_pop(signo);
	raise(signo);
}
 
/*
 * p = absolute or relative path name
 *
 * Return a pointer into p showing the beginning of the last path name
 * element.  If p is empty or the root directory ("/"), just return p.
 */
static char *last_path_elm(char *p)
{
	/* r starts pointing to null at the end of the string */
	char *r = strchr(p, '\0');
 
	if (r == p)
		return p; /* just return empty string */
 
	r--; /* back up to last non-null character */
 
	/* back up past trailing slashes, if any */
	while (r > p && *r == '/')
		r--;
 
	/*
	 * then go backwards until I hit a slash, or the beginning of
	 * the string
	 */
	while (r > p && *(r-1) != '/')
		r--;
	return r;
}
 
 
/* We allow "recursive" symbolic links. Only within reason, though */
#define MAXDEPTH 5
 
/*
 * p = path that may be a symlink
 * s = full size of p
 *
 * If p is a symlink, attempt to overwrite p with a path to the real
 * file or directory (which may or may not exist), following a chain of
 * symlinks if necessary.  Otherwise, leave p unmodified.
 *
 * This is a best-effort routine.  If an error occurs, p will either be
 * left unmodified or will name a different symlink in a symlink chain
 * that started with p's initial contents.
 *
 * Always returns p.
 */
 
static char *resolve_symlink(char *p, size_t s)
{
	int depth = MAXDEPTH;
 
	while (depth--) {
		char link[PATH_MAX];
		int link_len = readlink(p, link, sizeof(link));
		if (link_len < 0) {
			/* not a symlink anymore */
			return p;
		}
		else if (link_len < sizeof(link))
			/* readlink() never null-terminates */
			link[link_len] = '\0';
		else {
			warning("%s: symlink too long", p);
			return p;
		}
 
		if (is_absolute_path(link)) {
			/* absolute path simply replaces p */
			if (link_len < s)
				strcpy(p, link);
			else {
				warning("%s: symlink too long", p);
				return p;
			}
		} else {
			/*
			 * link is a relative path, so I must replace the
			 * last element of p with it.
			 */
			char *r = (char*)last_path_elm(p);
			if (r - p + link_len < s)
				strcpy(r, link);
			else {
				warning("%s: symlink too long", p);
				return p;
			}
		}
	}
	return p;
}
 
 
static int lock_file(struct lock_file *lk, const char *path, int flags)
{
	if (strlen(path) >= sizeof(lk->filename))
		return -1;
	strcpy(lk->filename, path);
	/*
	 * subtract 5 from size to make sure there's room for adding
	 * ".lock" for the lock file name
	 */
	if (!(flags & LOCK_NODEREF))
		resolve_symlink(lk->filename, sizeof(lk->filename)-5);
	strcat(lk->filename, ".lock");
	lk->fd = open(lk->filename, O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_EXCL, 0666);
	if (0 <= lk->fd) {
		if (!lock_file_list) {
			sigchain_push(SIGINT, remove_lock_file_on_signal);
			sigchain_push(SIGHUP, remove_lock_file_on_signal);
			sigchain_push(SIGTERM, remove_lock_file_on_signal);
			sigchain_push(SIGQUIT, remove_lock_file_on_signal);
			sigchain_push(SIGPIPE, remove_lock_file_on_signal);
			atexit(remove_lock_file);
		}
		lk->owner = getpid();
		if (!lk->on_list) {
			lk->next = lock_file_list;
			lock_file_list = lk;
			lk->on_list = 1;
		}
		if (adjust_shared_perm(lk->filename))
			return error("cannot fix permission bits on %s",
				     lk->filename);
	}
	else
		lk->filename[0] = 0;
	return lk->fd;
}
 
int hold_lock_file_for_update(struct lock_file *lk, const char *path, int flags)
{
	int fd = lock_file(lk, path, flags);
	if (fd < 0 && (flags & LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR))
		die("unable to create '%s.lock': %s", path, strerror(errno));
	return fd;
}
 
int hold_lock_file_for_append(struct lock_file *lk, const char *path, int flags)
{
	int fd, orig_fd;
 
	fd = lock_file(lk, path, flags);
	if (fd < 0) {
		if (flags & LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR)
			die("unable to create '%s.lock': %s", path, strerror(errno));
		return fd;
	}
 
	orig_fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
	if (orig_fd < 0) {
		if (errno != ENOENT) {
			if (flags & LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR)
				die("cannot open '%s' for copying", path);
			close(fd);
			return error("cannot open '%s' for copying", path);
		}
	} else if (copy_fd(orig_fd, fd)) {
		if (flags & LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR)
			exit(128);
		close(fd);
		return -1;
	}
	return fd;
}
 
int close_lock_file(struct lock_file *lk)
{
	int fd = lk->fd;
	lk->fd = -1;
	return close(fd);
}
 
int commit_lock_file(struct lock_file *lk)
{
	char result_file[PATH_MAX];
	size_t i;
	if (lk->fd >= 0 && close_lock_file(lk))
		return -1;
	strcpy(result_file, lk->filename);
	i = strlen(result_file) - 5; /* .lock */
	result_file[i] = 0;
	if (rename(lk->filename, result_file))
		return -1;
	lk->filename[0] = 0;
	return 0;
}
 
int hold_locked_index(struct lock_file *lk, int die_on_error)
{
	return hold_lock_file_for_update(lk, get_index_file(),
					 die_on_error
					 ? LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR
					 : 0);
}
 
void set_alternate_index_output(const char *name)
{
	alternate_index_output = name;
}
 
int commit_locked_index(struct lock_file *lk)
{
	if (alternate_index_output) {
		if (lk->fd >= 0 && close_lock_file(lk))
			return -1;
		if (rename(lk->filename, alternate_index_output))
			return -1;
		lk->filename[0] = 0;
		return 0;
	}
	else
		return commit_lock_file(lk);
}
 
void rollback_lock_file(struct lock_file *lk)
{
	if (lk->filename[0]) {
		if (lk->fd >= 0)
			close(lk->fd);
		unlink(lk->filename);
	}
	lk->filename[0] = 0;
}