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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2005 Junio C Hamano
 */
#include "cache.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "commit.h"
#include "diff.h"
#include "diffcore.h"
#include "revision.h"
#include "cache-tree.h"
#include "path-list.h"
 
/*
 * diff-files
 */
 
static int read_directory(const char *path, struct path_list *list)
{
	DIR *dir;
	struct dirent *e;
 
	if (!(dir = opendir(path)))
		return error("Could not open directory %s", path);
 
	while ((e = readdir(dir)))
		if (strcmp(".", e->d_name) && strcmp("..", e->d_name))
			path_list_insert(e->d_name, list);
 
	closedir(dir);
	return 0;
}
 
static int get_mode(const char *path, int *mode)
{
	struct stat st;
 
	if (!path || !strcmp(path, "/dev/null"))
		*mode = 0;
	else if (!strcmp(path, "-"))
		*mode = ntohl(create_ce_mode(0666));
	else if (stat(path, &st))
		return error("Could not access '%s'", path);
	else
		*mode = st.st_mode;
	return 0;
}
 
static int queue_diff(struct diff_options *o,
		const char *name1, const char *name2)
{
	int mode1 = 0, mode2 = 0;
 
	if (get_mode(name1, &mode1) || get_mode(name2, &mode2))
		return -1;
 
	if (mode1 && mode2 && S_ISDIR(mode1) != S_ISDIR(mode2))
		return error("file/directory conflict: %s, %s", name1, name2);
 
	if (S_ISDIR(mode1) || S_ISDIR(mode2)) {
		char buffer1[PATH_MAX], buffer2[PATH_MAX];
		struct path_list p1 = {NULL, 0, 0, 1}, p2 = {NULL, 0, 0, 1};
		int len1 = 0, len2 = 0, i1, i2, ret = 0;
 
		if (name1 && read_directory(name1, &p1))
			return -1;
		if (name2 && read_directory(name2, &p2)) {
			path_list_clear(&p1, 0);
			return -1;
		}
 
		if (name1) {
			len1 = strlen(name1);
			if (len1 > 0 && name1[len1 - 1] == '/')
				len1--;
			memcpy(buffer1, name1, len1);
			buffer1[len1++] = '/';
		}
 
		if (name2) {
			len2 = strlen(name2);
			if (len2 > 0 && name2[len2 - 1] == '/')
				len2--;
			memcpy(buffer2, name2, len2);
			buffer2[len2++] = '/';
		}
 
		for (i1 = i2 = 0; !ret && (i1 < p1.nr || i2 < p2.nr); ) {
			const char *n1, *n2;
			int comp;
 
			if (i1 == p1.nr)
				comp = 1;
			else if (i2 == p2.nr)
				comp = -1;
			else
				comp = strcmp(p1.items[i1].path,
					p2.items[i2].path);
 
			if (comp > 0)
				n1 = NULL;
			else {
				n1 = buffer1;
				strncpy(buffer1 + len1, p1.items[i1++].path,
						PATH_MAX - len1);
			}
 
			if (comp < 0)
				n2 = NULL;
			else {
				n2 = buffer2;
				strncpy(buffer2 + len2, p2.items[i2++].path,
						PATH_MAX - len2);
			}
 
			ret = queue_diff(o, n1, n2);
		}
		path_list_clear(&p1, 0);
		path_list_clear(&p2, 0);
 
		return ret;
	} else {
		struct diff_filespec *d1, *d2;
 
		if (DIFF_OPT_TST(o, REVERSE_DIFF)) {
			unsigned tmp;
			const char *tmp_c;
			tmp = mode1; mode1 = mode2; mode2 = tmp;
			tmp_c = name1; name1 = name2; name2 = tmp_c;
		}
 
		if (!name1)
			name1 = "/dev/null";
		if (!name2)
			name2 = "/dev/null";
		d1 = alloc_filespec(name1);
		d2 = alloc_filespec(name2);
		fill_filespec(d1, null_sha1, mode1);
		fill_filespec(d2, null_sha1, mode2);
 
		diff_queue(&diff_queued_diff, d1, d2);
		return 0;
	}
}
 
/*
 * Does the path name a blob in the working tree, or a directory
 * in the working tree?
 */
static int is_in_index(const char *path)
{
	int len, pos;
	struct cache_entry *ce;
 
	len = strlen(path);
	while (path[len-1] == '/')
		len--;
	if (!len)
		return 1; /* "." */
	pos = cache_name_pos(path, len);
	if (0 <= pos)
		return 1;
	pos = -1 - pos;
	while (pos < active_nr) {
		ce = active_cache[pos++];
		if (ce_namelen(ce) <= len ||
		    strncmp(ce->name, path, len) ||
		    (ce->name[len] > '/'))
			break; /* path cannot be a prefix */
		if (ce->name[len] == '/')
			return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}
 
static int handle_diff_files_args(struct rev_info *revs,
		int argc, const char **argv, int *silent)
{
	*silent = 0;
 
	/* revs->max_count == -2 means --no-index */
	while (1 < argc && argv[1][0] == '-') {
		if (!strcmp(argv[1], "--base"))
			revs->max_count = 1;
		else if (!strcmp(argv[1], "--ours"))
			revs->max_count = 2;
		else if (!strcmp(argv[1], "--theirs"))
			revs->max_count = 3;
		else if (!strcmp(argv[1], "-n") ||
				!strcmp(argv[1], "--no-index")) {
			revs->max_count = -2;
			DIFF_OPT_SET(&revs->diffopt, EXIT_WITH_STATUS);
			DIFF_OPT_SET(&revs->diffopt, NO_INDEX);
		}
		else if (!strcmp(argv[1], "-q"))
			*silent = 1;
		else
			return error("invalid option: %s", argv[1]);
		argv++; argc--;
	}
 
	if (revs->max_count == -1 && revs->diffopt.nr_paths == 2) {
		/*
		 * If two files are specified, and at least one is untracked,
		 * default to no-index.
		 */
		read_cache();
		if (!is_in_index(revs->diffopt.paths[0]) ||
					!is_in_index(revs->diffopt.paths[1])) {
			revs->max_count = -2;
			DIFF_OPT_SET(&revs->diffopt, NO_INDEX);
		}
	}
 
	/*
	 * Make sure there are NO revision (i.e. pending object) parameter,
	 * rev.max_count is reasonable (0 <= n <= 3),
	 * there is no other revision filtering parameters.
	 */
	if (revs->pending.nr || revs->max_count > 3 ||
	    revs->min_age != -1 || revs->max_age != -1)
		return error("no revision allowed with diff-files");
 
	if (revs->max_count == -1 &&
	    (revs->diffopt.output_format & DIFF_FORMAT_PATCH))
		revs->combine_merges = revs->dense_combined_merges = 1;
 
	return 0;
}
 
static int is_outside_repo(const char *path, int nongit, const char *prefix)
{
	int i;
	if (nongit || !strcmp(path, "-") || path[0] == '/')
		return 1;
	if (prefixcmp(path, "../"))
		return 0;
	if (!prefix)
		return 1;
	for (i = strlen(prefix); !prefixcmp(path, "../"); ) {
		while (i > 0 && prefix[i - 1] != '/')
			i--;
		if (--i < 0)
			return 1;
		path += 3;
	}
	return 0;
}
 
int setup_diff_no_index(struct rev_info *revs,
		int argc, const char ** argv, int nongit, const char *prefix)
{
	int i;
	for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
		if (argv[i][0] != '-' || argv[i][1] == '\0')
			break;
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "--")) {
			i++;
			break;
		} else if (i < argc - 3 && !strcmp(argv[i], "--no-index")) {
			i = argc - 3;
			DIFF_OPT_SET(&revs->diffopt, EXIT_WITH_STATUS);
			break;
		}
	if (argc != i + 2 || (!is_outside_repo(argv[i + 1], nongit, prefix) &&
				!is_outside_repo(argv[i], nongit, prefix)))
		return -1;
 
	diff_setup(&revs->diffopt);
	for (i = 1; i < argc - 2; )
		if (!strcmp(argv[i], "--no-index"))
			i++;
		else {
			int j = diff_opt_parse(&revs->diffopt,
					argv + i, argc - i);
			if (!j)
				die("invalid diff option/value: %s", argv[i]);
			i += j;
		}
 
	if (prefix) {
		int len = strlen(prefix);
 
		revs->diffopt.paths = xcalloc(2, sizeof(char*));
		for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
			const char *p = argv[argc - 2 + i];
			/*
			 * stdin should be spelled as '-'; if you have
			 * path that is '-', spell it as ./-.
			 */
			p = (strcmp(p, "-")
			     ? xstrdup(prefix_filename(prefix, len, p))
			     : p);
			revs->diffopt.paths[i] = p;
		}
	}
	else
		revs->diffopt.paths = argv + argc - 2;
	revs->diffopt.nr_paths = 2;
	DIFF_OPT_SET(&revs->diffopt, NO_INDEX);
	revs->max_count = -2;
	if (diff_setup_done(&revs->diffopt) < 0)
		die("diff_setup_done failed");
	return 0;
}
 
int run_diff_files_cmd(struct rev_info *revs, int argc, const char **argv)
{
	int silent_on_removed;
 
	if (handle_diff_files_args(revs, argc, argv, &silent_on_removed))
		return -1;
 
	if (DIFF_OPT_TST(&revs->diffopt, NO_INDEX)) {
		if (revs->diffopt.nr_paths != 2)
			return error("need two files/directories with --no-index");
		if (queue_diff(&revs->diffopt, revs->diffopt.paths[0],
				revs->diffopt.paths[1]))
			return -1;
		diffcore_std(&revs->diffopt);
		diff_flush(&revs->diffopt);
		/*
		 * The return code for --no-index imitates diff(1):
		 * 0 = no changes, 1 = changes, else error
		 */
		return revs->diffopt.found_changes;
	}
 
	if (read_cache() < 0) {
		perror("read_cache");
		return -1;
	}
	return run_diff_files(revs, silent_on_removed);
}
 
int run_diff_files(struct rev_info *revs, int silent_on_removed)
{
	int entries, i;
	int diff_unmerged_stage = revs->max_count;
 
	if (diff_unmerged_stage < 0)
		diff_unmerged_stage = 2;
	entries = active_nr;
	for (i = 0; i < entries; i++) {
		struct stat st;
		unsigned int oldmode, newmode;
		struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[i];
		int changed;
 
		if (DIFF_OPT_TST(&revs->diffopt, QUIET) &&
			DIFF_OPT_TST(&revs->diffopt, HAS_CHANGES))
			break;
 
		if (!ce_path_match(ce, revs->prune_data))
			continue;
 
		if (ce_stage(ce)) {
			struct combine_diff_path *dpath;
			int num_compare_stages = 0;
			size_t path_len;
 
			path_len = ce_namelen(ce);
 
			dpath = xmalloc(combine_diff_path_size(5, path_len));
			dpath->path = (char *) &(dpath->parent[5]);
 
			dpath->next = NULL;
			dpath->len = path_len;
			memcpy(dpath->path, ce->name, path_len);
			dpath->path[path_len] = '\0';
			hashclr(dpath->sha1);
			memset(&(dpath->parent[0]), 0,
			       sizeof(struct combine_diff_parent)*5);
 
			if (lstat(ce->name, &st) < 0) {
				if (errno != ENOENT && errno != ENOTDIR) {
					perror(ce->name);
					continue;
				}
				if (silent_on_removed)
					continue;
			}
			else
				dpath->mode = ntohl(ce_mode_from_stat(ce, st.st_mode));
 
			while (i < entries) {
				struct cache_entry *nce = active_cache[i];
				int stage;
 
				if (strcmp(ce->name, nce->name))
					break;
 
				/* Stage #2 (ours) is the first parent,
				 * stage #3 (theirs) is the second.
				 */
				stage = ce_stage(nce);
				if (2 <= stage) {
					int mode = ntohl(nce->ce_mode);
					num_compare_stages++;
					hashcpy(dpath->parent[stage-2].sha1, nce->sha1);
					dpath->parent[stage-2].mode = ntohl(ce_mode_from_stat(nce, mode));
					dpath->parent[stage-2].status =
						DIFF_STATUS_MODIFIED;
				}
 
				/* diff against the proper unmerged stage */
				if (stage == diff_unmerged_stage)
					ce = nce;
				i++;
			}
			/*
			 * Compensate for loop update
			 */
			i--;
 
			if (revs->combine_merges && num_compare_stages == 2) {
				show_combined_diff(dpath, 2,
						   revs->dense_combined_merges,
						   revs);
				free(dpath);
				continue;
			}
			free(dpath);
			dpath = NULL;
 
			/*
			 * Show the diff for the 'ce' if we found the one
			 * from the desired stage.
			 */
			diff_unmerge(&revs->diffopt, ce->name, 0, null_sha1);
			if (ce_stage(ce) != diff_unmerged_stage)
				continue;
		}
 
		if (lstat(ce->name, &st) < 0) {
			if (errno != ENOENT && errno != ENOTDIR) {
				perror(ce->name);
				continue;
			}
			if (silent_on_removed)
				continue;
			diff_addremove(&revs->diffopt, '-', ntohl(ce->ce_mode),
				       ce->sha1, ce->name, NULL);
			continue;
		}
		changed = ce_match_stat(ce, &st, 0);
		if (!changed && !DIFF_OPT_TST(&revs->diffopt, FIND_COPIES_HARDER))
			continue;
		oldmode = ntohl(ce->ce_mode);
		newmode = ntohl(ce_mode_from_stat(ce, st.st_mode));
		diff_change(&revs->diffopt, oldmode, newmode,
			    ce->sha1, (changed ? null_sha1 : ce->sha1),
			    ce->name, NULL);
 
	}
	diffcore_std(&revs->diffopt);
	diff_flush(&revs->diffopt);
	return 0;
}
 
/*
 * diff-index
 */
 
/* A file entry went away or appeared */
static void diff_index_show_file(struct rev_info *revs,
				 const char *prefix,
				 struct cache_entry *ce,
				 unsigned char *sha1, unsigned int mode)
{
	diff_addremove(&revs->diffopt, prefix[0], ntohl(mode),
		       sha1, ce->name, NULL);
}
 
static int get_stat_data(struct cache_entry *ce,
			 unsigned char **sha1p,
			 unsigned int *modep,
			 int cached, int match_missing)
{
	unsigned char *sha1 = ce->sha1;
	unsigned int mode = ce->ce_mode;
 
	if (!cached) {
		static unsigned char no_sha1[20];
		int changed;
		struct stat st;
		if (lstat(ce->name, &st) < 0) {
			if (errno == ENOENT && match_missing) {
				*sha1p = sha1;
				*modep = mode;
				return 0;
			}
			return -1;
		}
		changed = ce_match_stat(ce, &st, 0);
		if (changed) {
			mode = ce_mode_from_stat(ce, st.st_mode);
			sha1 = no_sha1;
		}
	}
 
	*sha1p = sha1;
	*modep = mode;
	return 0;
}
 
static void show_new_file(struct rev_info *revs,
			  struct cache_entry *new,
			  int cached, int match_missing)
{
	unsigned char *sha1;
	unsigned int mode;
 
	/* New file in the index: it might actually be different in
	 * the working copy.
	 */
	if (get_stat_data(new, &sha1, &mode, cached, match_missing) < 0)
		return;
 
	diff_index_show_file(revs, "+", new, sha1, mode);
}
 
static int show_modified(struct rev_info *revs,
			 struct cache_entry *old,
			 struct cache_entry *new,
			 int report_missing,
			 int cached, int match_missing)
{
	unsigned int mode, oldmode;
	unsigned char *sha1;
 
	if (get_stat_data(new, &sha1, &mode, cached, match_missing) < 0) {
		if (report_missing)
			diff_index_show_file(revs, "-", old,
					     old->sha1, old->ce_mode);
		return -1;
	}
 
	if (revs->combine_merges && !cached &&
	    (hashcmp(sha1, old->sha1) || hashcmp(old->sha1, new->sha1))) {
		struct combine_diff_path *p;
		int pathlen = ce_namelen(new);
 
		p = xmalloc(combine_diff_path_size(2, pathlen));
		p->path = (char *) &p->parent[2];
		p->next = NULL;
		p->len = pathlen;
		memcpy(p->path, new->name, pathlen);
		p->path[pathlen] = 0;
		p->mode = ntohl(mode);
		hashclr(p->sha1);
		memset(p->parent, 0, 2 * sizeof(struct combine_diff_parent));
		p->parent[0].status = DIFF_STATUS_MODIFIED;
		p->parent[0].mode = ntohl(new->ce_mode);
		hashcpy(p->parent[0].sha1, new->sha1);
		p->parent[1].status = DIFF_STATUS_MODIFIED;
		p->parent[1].mode = ntohl(old->ce_mode);
		hashcpy(p->parent[1].sha1, old->sha1);
		show_combined_diff(p, 2, revs->dense_combined_merges, revs);
		free(p);
		return 0;
	}
 
	oldmode = old->ce_mode;
	if (mode == oldmode && !hashcmp(sha1, old->sha1) &&
	    !DIFF_OPT_TST(&revs->diffopt, FIND_COPIES_HARDER))
		return 0;
 
	mode = ntohl(mode);
	oldmode = ntohl(oldmode);
 
	diff_change(&revs->diffopt, oldmode, mode,
		    old->sha1, sha1, old->name, NULL);
	return 0;
}
 
static int diff_cache(struct rev_info *revs,
		      struct cache_entry **ac, int entries,
		      const char **pathspec,
		      int cached, int match_missing)
{
	while (entries) {
		struct cache_entry *ce = *ac;
		int same = (entries > 1) && ce_same_name(ce, ac[1]);
 
		if (DIFF_OPT_TST(&revs->diffopt, QUIET) &&
			DIFF_OPT_TST(&revs->diffopt, HAS_CHANGES))
			break;
 
		if (!ce_path_match(ce, pathspec))
			goto skip_entry;
 
		switch (ce_stage(ce)) {
		case 0:
			/* No stage 1 entry? That means it's a new file */
			if (!same) {
				show_new_file(revs, ce, cached, match_missing);
				break;
			}
			/* Show difference between old and new */
			show_modified(revs, ac[1], ce, 1,
				      cached, match_missing);
			break;
		case 1:
			/* No stage 3 (merge) entry?
			 * That means it's been deleted.
			 */
			if (!same) {
				diff_index_show_file(revs, "-", ce,
						     ce->sha1, ce->ce_mode);
				break;
			}
			/* We come here with ce pointing at stage 1
			 * (original tree) and ac[1] pointing at stage
			 * 3 (unmerged).  show-modified with
			 * report-missing set to false does not say the
			 * file is deleted but reports true if work
			 * tree does not have it, in which case we
			 * fall through to report the unmerged state.
			 * Otherwise, we show the differences between
			 * the original tree and the work tree.
			 */
			if (!cached &&
			    !show_modified(revs, ce, ac[1], 0,
					   cached, match_missing))
				break;
			diff_unmerge(&revs->diffopt, ce->name,
				     ntohl(ce->ce_mode), ce->sha1);
			break;
		case 3:
			diff_unmerge(&revs->diffopt, ce->name,
				     0, null_sha1);
			break;
 
		default:
			die("impossible cache entry stage");
		}
 
skip_entry:
		/*
		 * Ignore all the different stages for this file,
		 * we've handled the relevant cases now.
		 */
		do {
			ac++;
			entries--;
		} while (entries && ce_same_name(ce, ac[0]));
	}
	return 0;
}
 
/*
 * This turns all merge entries into "stage 3". That guarantees that
 * when we read in the new tree (into "stage 1"), we won't lose sight
 * of the fact that we had unmerged entries.
 */
static void mark_merge_entries(void)
{
	int i;
	for (i = 0; i < active_nr; i++) {
		struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[i];
		if (!ce_stage(ce))
			continue;
		ce->ce_flags |= htons(CE_STAGEMASK);
	}
}
 
int run_diff_index(struct rev_info *revs, int cached)
{
	int ret;
	struct object *ent;
	struct tree *tree;
	const char *tree_name;
	int match_missing = 0;
 
	/*
	 * Backward compatibility wart - "diff-index -m" does
	 * not mean "do not ignore merges", but totally different.
	 */
	if (!revs->ignore_merges)
		match_missing = 1;
 
	mark_merge_entries();
 
	ent = revs->pending.objects[0].item;
	tree_name = revs->pending.objects[0].name;
	tree = parse_tree_indirect(ent->sha1);
	if (!tree)
		return error("bad tree object %s", tree_name);
	if (read_tree(tree, 1, revs->prune_data))
		return error("unable to read tree object %s", tree_name);
	ret = diff_cache(revs, active_cache, active_nr, revs->prune_data,
			 cached, match_missing);
	diffcore_std(&revs->diffopt);
	diff_flush(&revs->diffopt);
	return ret;
}
 
int do_diff_cache(const unsigned char *tree_sha1, struct diff_options *opt)
{
	struct tree *tree;
	struct rev_info revs;
	int i;
	struct cache_entry **dst;
	struct cache_entry *last = NULL;
 
	/*
	 * This is used by git-blame to run diff-cache internally;
	 * it potentially needs to repeatedly run this, so we will
	 * start by removing the higher order entries the last round
	 * left behind.
	 */
	dst = active_cache;
	for (i = 0; i < active_nr; i++) {
		struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[i];
		if (ce_stage(ce)) {
			if (last && !strcmp(ce->name, last->name))
				continue;
			cache_tree_invalidate_path(active_cache_tree,
						   ce->name);
			last = ce;
			ce->ce_mode = 0;
			ce->ce_flags &= ~htons(CE_STAGEMASK);
		}
		*dst++ = ce;
	}
	active_nr = dst - active_cache;
 
	init_revisions(&revs, NULL);
	revs.prune_data = opt->paths;
	tree = parse_tree_indirect(tree_sha1);
	if (!tree)
		die("bad tree object %s", sha1_to_hex(tree_sha1));
	if (read_tree(tree, 1, opt->paths))
		return error("unable to read tree %s", sha1_to_hex(tree_sha1));
	return diff_cache(&revs, active_cache, active_nr, revs.prune_data,
			  1, 0);
}