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;;; vc-git.el --- VC backend for the git version control system
 
;; Copyright (C) 2006 Alexandre Julliard
 
;; This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
;; modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
;; published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
;; the License, or (at your option) any later version.
;;
;; This program is distributed in the hope that it will be
;; useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
;; warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
;; PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.
;;
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
;; License along with this program; if not, write to the Free
;; Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
;; MA 02111-1307 USA
 
;;; Commentary:
 
;; This file contains a VC backend for the git version control
;; system.
;;
;; To install: put this file on the load-path and add GIT to the list
;; of supported backends in `vc-handled-backends'; the following line,
;; placed in your ~/.emacs, will accomplish this:
;;
;;     (add-to-list 'vc-handled-backends 'GIT)
;;
;; TODO
;;  - changelog generation
;;  - working with revisions other than HEAD
;;
 
(eval-when-compile (require 'cl))
 
(defvar git-commits-coding-system 'utf-8
  "Default coding system for git commits.")
 
(defun vc-git--run-command-string (file &rest args)
  "Run a git command on FILE and return its output as string."
  (let* ((ok t)
         (str (with-output-to-string
                (with-current-buffer standard-output
                  (unless (eq 0 (apply #'call-process "git" nil '(t nil) nil
                                       (append args (list (file-relative-name file)))))
                    (setq ok nil))))))
    (and ok str)))
 
(defun vc-git--run-command (file &rest args)
  "Run a git command on FILE, discarding any output."
  (let ((name (file-relative-name file)))
    (eq 0 (apply #'call-process "git" nil (get-buffer "*Messages") nil (append args (list name))))))
 
(defun vc-git--run-command-out (output &rest args)
  "Run a git command, output to output."
  (eq 0 (apply #'call-process "git" nil output nil (append args))))
 
(defun vc-git-registered (file)
  "Check whether FILE is registered with git."
  (with-temp-buffer
    (let* ((dir (file-name-directory file))
           (name (file-relative-name file dir)))
      (and (ignore-errors
             (when dir (cd dir))
             (eq 0 (call-process "git" nil '(t nil) nil "ls-files" "-c" "-z" "--" name)))
           (let ((str (buffer-string)))
             (and (> (length str) (length name))
                  (string= (substring str 0 (1+ (length name))) (concat name "\0"))))))))
 
(defun vc-git-state (file)
  "git-specific version of `vc-state'."
  (let ((diff (vc-git--run-command-string file "diff-index" "-z" "HEAD" "--")))
    (if (and diff (string-match ":[0-7]\\{6\\} [0-7]\\{6\\} [0-9a-f]\\{40\\} [0-9a-f]\\{40\\} [ADMU]\0[^\0]+\0" diff))
        'edited
      'up-to-date)))
 
(defun vc-git-workfile-version (file)
  "git-specific version of `vc-workfile-version'."
  (let ((str (with-output-to-string
               (with-current-buffer standard-output
                 (call-process "git" nil '(t nil) nil "symbolic-ref" "HEAD")))))
    (if (string-match "^\\(refs/heads/\\)?\\(.+\\)$" str)
        (match-string 2 str)
      str)))
 
(defun vc-git-revert (file &optional contents-done)
  "Revert FILE to the version stored in the git repository."
  (if contents-done
      (vc-git--run-command file "update-index" "--")
    (vc-git--run-command file "checkout" "HEAD")))
 
(defun vc-git-checkout-model (file)
  'implicit)
 
(defun vc-git-workfile-unchanged-p (file)
  (let ((sha1 (vc-git--run-command-string file "hash-object" "--"))
        (head (vc-git--run-command-string file "ls-tree" "-z" "HEAD" "--")))
    (and head
         (string-match "[0-7]\\{6\\} blob \\([0-9a-f]\\{40\\}\\)\t[^\0]+\0" head)
         (string= (car (split-string sha1 "\n")) (match-string 1 head)))))
 
(defun vc-git-register (file &optional rev comment)
  "Register FILE into the git version-control system."
  (vc-git--run-command file "update-index" "--add" "--"))
 
(defun vc-git-print-log (file &optional buffer)
  (let ((name (file-relative-name file))
        (coding-system-for-read git-commits-coding-system))
    (vc-do-command buffer 'async "git" name "rev-list" "--pretty" "HEAD" "--")))
 
(defun vc-git-diff (file &optional rev1 rev2 buffer)
  (let ((name (file-relative-name file))
        (buf (or buffer "*vc-diff*")))
    (if (and rev1 rev2)
        (vc-do-command buf 0 "git" name "diff-tree" "-p" rev1 rev2 "--")
      (vc-do-command buf 0 "git" name "diff-index" "-p" (or rev1 "HEAD") "--"))
    ; git-diff-index doesn't set exit status like diff does
    (if (vc-git-workfile-unchanged-p file) 0 1)))
 
(defun vc-git-checkin (file rev comment)
  (let ((coding-system-for-write git-commits-coding-system))
    (vc-git--run-command file "commit" "-m" comment "--only" "--")))
 
(defun vc-git-checkout (file &optional editable rev destfile)
  (if destfile
      (let ((mybuff (get-buffer-create "vc-git-checkout-tmp")))
	(let ((rv
	       (vc-git--run-command-out
		mybuff "cat-file" "blob"
		(concat (or rev "HEAD")
			":"
			(let ((output (vc-git--run-command-string
				       (file-relative-name file)
				       "ls-files" "--full-name")))
			  (string-match "\\(.*\\)" output)
			  (match-string 1 output))
			)))
	      )
	  (if rv
	      (save-current-buffer
		(set-buffer mybuff)
		(set-visited-file-name destfile t)
		(save-buffer)
		)
	    rv)))
    (vc-git--run-command file "checkout" (or rev "HEAD"))))
 
(defun vc-git-annotate-command (file buf &optional rev)
  ; FIXME: rev is ignored
  (let ((name (file-relative-name file)))
    (call-process "git" nil buf nil "blame" name)))
 
(defun vc-git-annotate-time ()
  (and (re-search-forward "[0-9a-f]+ (.* \\([0-9]+\\)-\\([0-9]+\\)-\\([0-9]+\\) \\([0-9]+\\):\\([0-9]+\\):\\([0-9]+\\) \\([-+0-9]+\\) +[0-9]+)" nil t)
       (vc-annotate-convert-time
        (apply #'encode-time (mapcar (lambda (match) (string-to-number (match-string match))) '(6 5 4 3 2 1 7))))))
 
;; Not really useful since we can't do anything with the revision yet
;;(defun vc-annotate-extract-revision-at-line ()
;;  (save-excursion
;;    (move-beginning-of-line 1)
;;    (and (looking-at "[0-9a-f]+")
;;         (buffer-substring (match-beginning 0) (match-end 0)))))
 
(provide 'vc-git)