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path: root/builtin/replace.c
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/*
 * Builtin "git replace"
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2008 Christian Couder <chriscool@tuxfamily.org>
 *
 * Based on builtin/tag.c by Kristian Høgsberg <krh@redhat.com>
 * and Carlos Rica <jasampler@gmail.com> that was itself based on
 * git-tag.sh and mktag.c by Linus Torvalds.
 */
 
#include "cache.h"
#include "config.h"
#include "builtin.h"
#include "refs.h"
#include "parse-options.h"
#include "run-command.h"
#include "tag.h"
 
static const char * const git_replace_usage[] = {
	N_("git replace [-f] <object> <replacement>"),
	N_("git replace [-f] --edit <object>"),
	N_("git replace [-f] --graft <commit> [<parent>...]"),
	N_("git replace -d <object>..."),
	N_("git replace [--format=<format>] [-l [<pattern>]]"),
	NULL
};
 
enum replace_format {
	REPLACE_FORMAT_SHORT,
	REPLACE_FORMAT_MEDIUM,
	REPLACE_FORMAT_LONG
};
 
struct show_data {
	const char *pattern;
	enum replace_format format;
};
 
static int show_reference(const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid,
			  int flag, void *cb_data)
{
	struct show_data *data = cb_data;
 
	if (!wildmatch(data->pattern, refname, 0, NULL)) {
		if (data->format == REPLACE_FORMAT_SHORT)
			printf("%s\n", refname);
		else if (data->format == REPLACE_FORMAT_MEDIUM)
			printf("%s -> %s\n", refname, oid_to_hex(oid));
		else { /* data->format == REPLACE_FORMAT_LONG */
			struct object_id object;
			enum object_type obj_type, repl_type;
 
			if (get_sha1(refname, object.hash))
				return error("Failed to resolve '%s' as a valid ref.", refname);
 
			obj_type = sha1_object_info(object.hash, NULL);
			repl_type = sha1_object_info(oid->hash, NULL);
 
			printf("%s (%s) -> %s (%s)\n", refname, typename(obj_type),
			       oid_to_hex(oid), typename(repl_type));
		}
	}
 
	return 0;
}
 
static int list_replace_refs(const char *pattern, const char *format)
{
	struct show_data data;
 
	if (pattern == NULL)
		pattern = "*";
	data.pattern = pattern;
 
	if (format == NULL || *format == '\0' || !strcmp(format, "short"))
		data.format = REPLACE_FORMAT_SHORT;
	else if (!strcmp(format, "medium"))
		data.format = REPLACE_FORMAT_MEDIUM;
	else if (!strcmp(format, "long"))
		data.format = REPLACE_FORMAT_LONG;
	else
		die("invalid replace format '%s'\n"
		    "valid formats are 'short', 'medium' and 'long'\n",
		    format);
 
	for_each_replace_ref(show_reference, (void *)&data);
 
	return 0;
}
 
typedef int (*each_replace_name_fn)(const char *name, const char *ref,
				    const struct object_id *oid);
 
static int for_each_replace_name(const char **argv, each_replace_name_fn fn)
{
	const char **p, *full_hex;
	struct strbuf ref = STRBUF_INIT;
	size_t base_len;
	int had_error = 0;
	struct object_id oid;
 
	strbuf_addstr(&ref, git_replace_ref_base);
	base_len = ref.len;
 
	for (p = argv; *p; p++) {
		if (get_oid(*p, &oid)) {
			error("Failed to resolve '%s' as a valid ref.", *p);
			had_error = 1;
			continue;
		}
 
		strbuf_setlen(&ref, base_len);
		strbuf_addstr(&ref, oid_to_hex(&oid));
		full_hex = ref.buf + base_len;
 
		if (read_ref(ref.buf, oid.hash)) {
			error("replace ref '%s' not found.", full_hex);
			had_error = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (fn(full_hex, ref.buf, &oid))
			had_error = 1;
	}
	strbuf_release(&ref);
	return had_error;
}
 
static int delete_replace_ref(const char *name, const char *ref,
			      const struct object_id *oid)
{
	if (delete_ref(NULL, ref, oid->hash, 0))
		return 1;
	printf("Deleted replace ref '%s'\n", name);
	return 0;
}
 
static void check_ref_valid(struct object_id *object,
			    struct object_id *prev,
			    struct strbuf *ref,
			    int force)
{
	strbuf_reset(ref);
	strbuf_addf(ref, "%s%s", git_replace_ref_base, oid_to_hex(object));
	if (check_refname_format(ref->buf, 0))
		die("'%s' is not a valid ref name.", ref->buf);
 
	if (read_ref(ref->buf, prev->hash))
		oidclr(prev);
	else if (!force)
		die("replace ref '%s' already exists", ref->buf);
}
 
static int replace_object_oid(const char *object_ref,
			       struct object_id *object,
			       const char *replace_ref,
			       struct object_id *repl,
			       int force)
{
	struct object_id prev;
	enum object_type obj_type, repl_type;
	struct strbuf ref = STRBUF_INIT;
	struct ref_transaction *transaction;
	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 
	obj_type = sha1_object_info(object->hash, NULL);
	repl_type = sha1_object_info(repl->hash, NULL);
	if (!force && obj_type != repl_type)
		die("Objects must be of the same type.\n"
		    "'%s' points to a replaced object of type '%s'\n"
		    "while '%s' points to a replacement object of type '%s'.",
		    object_ref, typename(obj_type),
		    replace_ref, typename(repl_type));
 
	check_ref_valid(object, &prev, &ref, force);
 
	transaction = ref_transaction_begin(&err);
	if (!transaction ||
	    ref_transaction_update(transaction, ref.buf, repl->hash, prev.hash,
				   0, NULL, &err) ||
	    ref_transaction_commit(transaction, &err))
		die("%s", err.buf);
 
	ref_transaction_free(transaction);
	strbuf_release(&ref);
	return 0;
}
 
static int replace_object(const char *object_ref, const char *replace_ref, int force)
{
	struct object_id object, repl;
 
	if (get_oid(object_ref, &object))
		die("Failed to resolve '%s' as a valid ref.", object_ref);
	if (get_oid(replace_ref, &repl))
		die("Failed to resolve '%s' as a valid ref.", replace_ref);
 
	return replace_object_oid(object_ref, &object, replace_ref, &repl, force);
}
 
/*
 * Write the contents of the object named by "sha1" to the file "filename".
 * If "raw" is true, then the object's raw contents are printed according to
 * "type". Otherwise, we pretty-print the contents for human editing.
 */
static void export_object(const struct object_id *oid, enum object_type type,
			  int raw, const char *filename)
{
	struct child_process cmd = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
	int fd;
 
	fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, 0666);
	if (fd < 0)
		die_errno("unable to open %s for writing", filename);
 
	argv_array_push(&cmd.args, "--no-replace-objects");
	argv_array_push(&cmd.args, "cat-file");
	if (raw)
		argv_array_push(&cmd.args, typename(type));
	else
		argv_array_push(&cmd.args, "-p");
	argv_array_push(&cmd.args, oid_to_hex(oid));
	cmd.git_cmd = 1;
	cmd.out = fd;
 
	if (run_command(&cmd))
		die("cat-file reported failure");
}
 
/*
 * Read a previously-exported (and possibly edited) object back from "filename",
 * interpreting it as "type", and writing the result to the object database.
 * The sha1 of the written object is returned via sha1.
 */
static void import_object(struct object_id *oid, enum object_type type,
			  int raw, const char *filename)
{
	int fd;
 
	fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY);
	if (fd < 0)
		die_errno("unable to open %s for reading", filename);
 
	if (!raw && type == OBJ_TREE) {
		const char *argv[] = { "mktree", NULL };
		struct child_process cmd = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
		struct strbuf result = STRBUF_INIT;
 
		cmd.argv = argv;
		cmd.git_cmd = 1;
		cmd.in = fd;
		cmd.out = -1;
 
		if (start_command(&cmd))
			die("unable to spawn mktree");
 
		if (strbuf_read(&result, cmd.out, 41) < 0)
			die_errno("unable to read from mktree");
		close(cmd.out);
 
		if (finish_command(&cmd))
			die("mktree reported failure");
		if (get_oid_hex(result.buf, oid) < 0)
			die("mktree did not return an object name");
 
		strbuf_release(&result);
	} else {
		struct stat st;
		int flags = HASH_FORMAT_CHECK | HASH_WRITE_OBJECT;
 
		if (fstat(fd, &st) < 0)
			die_errno("unable to fstat %s", filename);
		if (index_fd(oid->hash, fd, &st, type, NULL, flags) < 0)
			die("unable to write object to database");
		/* index_fd close()s fd for us */
	}
 
	/*
	 * No need to close(fd) here; both run-command and index-fd
	 * will have done it for us.
	 */
}
 
static int edit_and_replace(const char *object_ref, int force, int raw)
{
	char *tmpfile = git_pathdup("REPLACE_EDITOBJ");
	enum object_type type;
	struct object_id old, new, prev;
	struct strbuf ref = STRBUF_INIT;
 
	if (get_oid(object_ref, &old) < 0)
		die("Not a valid object name: '%s'", object_ref);
 
	type = sha1_object_info(old.hash, NULL);
	if (type < 0)
		die("unable to get object type for %s", oid_to_hex(&old));
 
	check_ref_valid(&old, &prev, &ref, force);
	strbuf_release(&ref);
 
	export_object(&old, type, raw, tmpfile);
	if (launch_editor(tmpfile, NULL, NULL) < 0)
		die("editing object file failed");
	import_object(&new, type, raw, tmpfile);
 
	free(tmpfile);
 
	if (!oidcmp(&old, &new))
		return error("new object is the same as the old one: '%s'", oid_to_hex(&old));
 
	return replace_object_oid(object_ref, &old, "replacement", &new, force);
}
 
static void replace_parents(struct strbuf *buf, int argc, const char **argv)
{
	struct strbuf new_parents = STRBUF_INIT;
	const char *parent_start, *parent_end;
	int i;
 
	/* find existing parents */
	parent_start = buf->buf;
	parent_start += GIT_SHA1_HEXSZ + 6; /* "tree " + "hex sha1" + "\n" */
	parent_end = parent_start;
 
	while (starts_with(parent_end, "parent "))
		parent_end += 48; /* "parent " + "hex sha1" + "\n" */
 
	/* prepare new parents */
	for (i = 0; i < argc; i++) {
		struct object_id oid;
		if (get_oid(argv[i], &oid) < 0)
			die(_("Not a valid object name: '%s'"), argv[i]);
		lookup_commit_or_die(oid.hash, argv[i]);
		strbuf_addf(&new_parents, "parent %s\n", oid_to_hex(&oid));
	}
 
	/* replace existing parents with new ones */
	strbuf_splice(buf, parent_start - buf->buf, parent_end - parent_start,
		      new_parents.buf, new_parents.len);
 
	strbuf_release(&new_parents);
}
 
struct check_mergetag_data {
	int argc;
	const char **argv;
};
 
static void check_one_mergetag(struct commit *commit,
			       struct commit_extra_header *extra,
			       void *data)
{
	struct check_mergetag_data *mergetag_data = (struct check_mergetag_data *)data;
	const char *ref = mergetag_data->argv[0];
	struct object_id tag_oid;
	struct tag *tag;
	int i;
 
	hash_sha1_file(extra->value, extra->len, typename(OBJ_TAG), tag_oid.hash);
	tag = lookup_tag(tag_oid.hash);
	if (!tag)
		die(_("bad mergetag in commit '%s'"), ref);
	if (parse_tag_buffer(tag, extra->value, extra->len))
		die(_("malformed mergetag in commit '%s'"), ref);
 
	/* iterate over new parents */
	for (i = 1; i < mergetag_data->argc; i++) {
		struct object_id oid;
		if (get_sha1(mergetag_data->argv[i], oid.hash) < 0)
			die(_("Not a valid object name: '%s'"), mergetag_data->argv[i]);
		if (!oidcmp(&tag->tagged->oid, &oid))
			return; /* found */
	}
 
	die(_("original commit '%s' contains mergetag '%s' that is discarded; "
	      "use --edit instead of --graft"), ref, oid_to_hex(&tag_oid));
}
 
static void check_mergetags(struct commit *commit, int argc, const char **argv)
{
	struct check_mergetag_data mergetag_data;
 
	mergetag_data.argc = argc;
	mergetag_data.argv = argv;
	for_each_mergetag(check_one_mergetag, commit, &mergetag_data);
}
 
static int create_graft(int argc, const char **argv, int force)
{
	struct object_id old, new;
	const char *old_ref = argv[0];
	struct commit *commit;
	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
	const char *buffer;
	unsigned long size;
 
	if (get_oid(old_ref, &old) < 0)
		die(_("Not a valid object name: '%s'"), old_ref);
	commit = lookup_commit_or_die(old.hash, old_ref);
 
	buffer = get_commit_buffer(commit, &size);
	strbuf_add(&buf, buffer, size);
	unuse_commit_buffer(commit, buffer);
 
	replace_parents(&buf, argc - 1, &argv[1]);
 
	if (remove_signature(&buf)) {
		warning(_("the original commit '%s' has a gpg signature."), old_ref);
		warning(_("the signature will be removed in the replacement commit!"));
	}
 
	check_mergetags(commit, argc, argv);
 
	if (write_sha1_file(buf.buf, buf.len, commit_type, new.hash))
		die(_("could not write replacement commit for: '%s'"), old_ref);
 
	strbuf_release(&buf);
 
	if (!oidcmp(&old, &new))
		return error("new commit is the same as the old one: '%s'", oid_to_hex(&old));
 
	return replace_object_oid(old_ref, &old, "replacement", &new, force);
}
 
int cmd_replace(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
	int force = 0;
	int raw = 0;
	const char *format = NULL;
	enum {
		MODE_UNSPECIFIED = 0,
		MODE_LIST,
		MODE_DELETE,
		MODE_EDIT,
		MODE_GRAFT,
		MODE_REPLACE
	} cmdmode = MODE_UNSPECIFIED;
	struct option options[] = {
		OPT_CMDMODE('l', "list", &cmdmode, N_("list replace refs"), MODE_LIST),
		OPT_CMDMODE('d', "delete", &cmdmode, N_("delete replace refs"), MODE_DELETE),
		OPT_CMDMODE('e', "edit", &cmdmode, N_("edit existing object"), MODE_EDIT),
		OPT_CMDMODE('g', "graft", &cmdmode, N_("change a commit's parents"), MODE_GRAFT),
		OPT_BOOL('f', "force", &force, N_("replace the ref if it exists")),
		OPT_BOOL(0, "raw", &raw, N_("do not pretty-print contents for --edit")),
		OPT_STRING(0, "format", &format, N_("format"), N_("use this format")),
		OPT_END()
	};
 
	check_replace_refs = 0;
	git_config(git_default_config, NULL);
 
	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, options, git_replace_usage, 0);
 
	if (!cmdmode)
		cmdmode = argc ? MODE_REPLACE : MODE_LIST;
 
	if (format && cmdmode != MODE_LIST)
		usage_msg_opt("--format cannot be used when not listing",
			      git_replace_usage, options);
 
	if (force &&
	    cmdmode != MODE_REPLACE &&
	    cmdmode != MODE_EDIT &&
	    cmdmode != MODE_GRAFT)
		usage_msg_opt("-f only makes sense when writing a replacement",
			      git_replace_usage, options);
 
	if (raw && cmdmode != MODE_EDIT)
		usage_msg_opt("--raw only makes sense with --edit",
			      git_replace_usage, options);
 
	switch (cmdmode) {
	case MODE_DELETE:
		if (argc < 1)
			usage_msg_opt("-d needs at least one argument",
				      git_replace_usage, options);
		return for_each_replace_name(argv, delete_replace_ref);
 
	case MODE_REPLACE:
		if (argc != 2)
			usage_msg_opt("bad number of arguments",
				      git_replace_usage, options);
		return replace_object(argv[0], argv[1], force);
 
	case MODE_EDIT:
		if (argc != 1)
			usage_msg_opt("-e needs exactly one argument",
				      git_replace_usage, options);
		return edit_and_replace(argv[0], force, raw);
 
	case MODE_GRAFT:
		if (argc < 1)
			usage_msg_opt("-g needs at least one argument",
				      git_replace_usage, options);
		return create_graft(argc, argv, force);
 
	case MODE_LIST:
		if (argc > 1)
			usage_msg_opt("only one pattern can be given with -l",
				      git_replace_usage, options);
		return list_replace_refs(argv[0], format);
 
	default:
		die("BUG: invalid cmdmode %d", (int)cmdmode);
	}
}