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git-format-patch(1)
===================
 
NAME
----
git-format-patch - Prepare patches for e-mail submission
 
 
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git-format-patch' [-n | -k] [-o <dir> | --stdout] [--thread]
                   [--attach[=<boundary>] | --inline[=<boundary>]]
                   [-s | --signoff] [<common diff options>]
                   [--start-number <n>] [--numbered-files]
                   [--in-reply-to=Message-Id] [--suffix=.<sfx>]
                   [--ignore-if-in-upstream]
                   [--subject-prefix=Subject-Prefix]
                   <since>[..<until>]
 
DESCRIPTION
-----------
 
Prepare each commit between <since> and <until> with its patch in
one file per commit, formatted to resemble UNIX mailbox format.
If ..<until> is not specified, the head of the current working
tree is implied.  For a more complete list of ways to spell
<since> and <until>, see "SPECIFYING REVISIONS" section in
gitlink:git-rev-parse[1].
 
The output of this command is convenient for e-mail submission or
for use with gitlink:git-am[1].
 
By default, each output file is numbered sequentially from 1, and uses the
first line of the commit message (massaged for pathname safety) as
the filename. With the --numbered-files option, the output file names
will only be numbers, without the first line of the commit appended.
The names of the output files are printed to standard
output, unless the --stdout option is specified.
 
If -o is specified, output files are created in <dir>.  Otherwise
they are created in the current working directory.
 
If -n is specified, instead of "[PATCH] Subject", the first line
is formatted as "[PATCH n/m] Subject".
 
If given --thread, git-format-patch will generate In-Reply-To and
References headers to make the second and subsequent patch mails appear
as replies to the first mail; this also generates a Message-Id header to
reference.
 
OPTIONS
-------
include::diff-options.txt[]
 
-o|--output-directory <dir>::
	Use <dir> to store the resulting files, instead of the
	current working directory.
 
-n|--numbered::
	Name output in '[PATCH n/m]' format.
 
--start-number <n>::
	Start numbering the patches at <n> instead of 1.
 
--numbered-files::
	Output file names will be a simple number sequence
	without the default first line of the commit appended.
	Mutually exclusive with the --stdout option.
 
-k|--keep-subject::
	Do not strip/add '[PATCH]' from the first line of the
	commit log message.
 
-s|--signoff::
	Add `Signed-off-by:` line to the commit message, using
	the committer identity of yourself.
 
--stdout::
	Print all commits to the standard output in mbox format,
	instead of creating a file for each one.
 
--attach[=<boundary>]::
	Create multipart/mixed attachment, the first part of
	which is the commit message and the patch itself in the
	second part, with "Content-Disposition: attachment".
 
--inline[=<boundary>]::
	Create multipart/mixed attachment, the first part of
	which is the commit message and the patch itself in the
	second part, with "Content-Disposition: inline".
 
--thread::
	Add In-Reply-To and References headers to make the second and
	subsequent mails appear as replies to the first.  Also generates
	the Message-Id header to reference.
 
--in-reply-to=Message-Id::
	Make the first mail (or all the mails with --no-thread) appear as a
	reply to the given Message-Id, which avoids breaking threads to
	provide a new patch series.
 
--ignore-if-in-upstream::
	Do not include a patch that matches a commit in
	<until>..<since>.  This will examine all patches reachable
	from <since> but not from <until> and compare them with the
	patches being generated, and any patch that matches is
	ignored.
 
--subject-prefix=<Subject-Prefix>::
	Instead of the standard '[PATCH]' prefix in the subject
	line, instead use '[<Subject-Prefix>]'. This
	allows for useful naming of a patch series, and can be
	combined with the --numbered option.
 
--suffix=.<sfx>::
	Instead of using `.patch` as the suffix for generated
	filenames, use specifed suffix.  A common alternative is
	`--suffix=.txt`.
+
Note that you would need to include the leading dot `.` if you
want a filename like `0001-description-of-my-change.patch`, and
the first letter does not have to be a dot.  Leaving it empty would
not add any suffix.
 
CONFIGURATION
-------------
You can specify extra mail header lines to be added to each
message in the repository configuration.  You can also specify
new defaults for the subject prefix and file suffix.
 
------------
[format]
        headers = "Organization: git-foo\n"
        subjectprefix = CHANGE
        suffix = .txt
------------
 
 
EXAMPLES
--------
 
git-format-patch -k --stdout R1..R2 | git-am -3 -k::
	Extract commits between revisions R1 and R2, and apply
	them on top of the current branch using `git-am` to
	cherry-pick them.
 
git-format-patch origin::
	Extract all commits which are in the current branch but
	not in the origin branch.  For each commit a separate file
	is created in the current directory.
 
git-format-patch -M -B origin::
	The same as the previous one.  Additionally, it detects
	and handles renames and complete rewrites intelligently to
	produce a renaming patch.  A renaming patch reduces the
	amount of text output, and generally makes it easier to
	review it.  Note that the "patch" program does not
	understand renaming patches, so use it only when you know
	the recipient uses git to apply your patch.
 
git-format-patch -3::
	Extract three topmost commits from the current branch
	and format them as e-mailable patches.
 
See Also
--------
gitlink:git-am[1], gitlink:git-send-email[1]
 
 
Author
------
Written by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
 
Documentation
--------------
Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
 
GIT
---
Part of the gitlink:git[7] suite