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git-branch(1)
=============
 
NAME
----
git-branch - List, create, or delete branches
 
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git branch' [--color | --no-color] [-r | -a]
	[-v [--abbrev=<length> | --no-abbrev]]
	[(--merged | --no-merged | --contains) [<commit>]]
'git branch' [--track | --no-track] [-l] [-f] <branchname> [<start-point>]
'git branch' (-m | -M) [<oldbranch>] <newbranch>
'git branch' (-d | -D) [-r] <branchname>...
 
DESCRIPTION
-----------
 
With no arguments, existing branches are listed and the current branch will
be highlighted with an asterisk.  Option `-r` causes the remote-tracking
branches to be listed, and option `-a` shows both.
 
With `--contains`, shows only the branches that contain the named commit
(in other words, the branches whose tip commits are descendants of the
named commit).  With `--merged`, only branches merged into the named
commit (i.e. the branches whose tip commits are reachable from the named
commit) will be listed.  With `--no-merged` only branches not merged into
the named commit will be listed.  If the <commit> argument is missing it
defaults to 'HEAD' (i.e. the tip of the current branch).
 
In the command's second form, a new branch named <branchname> will be created.
It will start out with a head equal to the one given as <start-point>.
If no <start-point> is given, the branch will be created with a head
equal to that of the currently checked out branch.
 
Note that this will create the new branch, but it will not switch the
working tree to it; use "git checkout <newbranch>" to switch to the
new branch.
 
When a local branch is started off a remote branch, git sets up the
branch so that 'git-pull' will appropriately merge from
the remote branch. This behavior may be changed via the global
`branch.autosetupmerge` configuration flag. That setting can be
overridden by using the `--track` and `--no-track` options.
 
With a '-m' or '-M' option, <oldbranch> will be renamed to <newbranch>.
If <oldbranch> had a corresponding reflog, it is renamed to match
<newbranch>, and a reflog entry is created to remember the branch
renaming. If <newbranch> exists, -M must be used to force the rename
to happen.
 
With a `-d` or `-D` option, `<branchname>` will be deleted.  You may
specify more than one branch for deletion.  If the branch currently
has a reflog then the reflog will also be deleted.
 
Use -r together with -d to delete remote-tracking branches. Note, that it
only makes sense to delete remote-tracking branches if they no longer exist
in the remote repository or if 'git-fetch' was configured not to fetch
them again. See also the 'prune' subcommand of linkgit:git-remote[1] for a
way to clean up all obsolete remote-tracking branches.
 
 
OPTIONS
-------
-d::
	Delete a branch. The branch must be fully merged in HEAD.
 
-D::
	Delete a branch irrespective of its merged status.
 
-l::
	Create the branch's reflog.  This activates recording of
	all changes made to the branch ref, enabling use of date
	based sha1 expressions such as "<branchname>@\{yesterday}".
 
-f::
	Reset <branchname> to <startpoint> if <branchname> exists
	already. Without `-f` 'git-branch' refuses to change an existing branch.
 
-m::
	Move/rename a branch and the corresponding reflog.
 
-M::
	Move/rename a branch even if the new branch name already exists.
 
--color::
	Color branches to highlight current, local, and remote branches.
 
--no-color::
	Turn off branch colors, even when the configuration file gives the
	default to color output.
 
-r::
	List or delete (if used with -d) the remote-tracking branches.
 
-a::
	List both remote-tracking branches and local branches.
 
-v::
--verbose::
	Show sha1 and commit subject line for each head, along with
	relationship to upstream branch (if any). If given twice, print
	the name of the upstream branch, as well.
 
--abbrev=<length>::
	Alter the sha1's minimum display length in the output listing.
	The default value is 7.
 
--no-abbrev::
	Display the full sha1s in the output listing rather than abbreviating them.
 
--track::
	When creating a new branch, set up the configuration so that 'git-pull'
	will automatically retrieve data from the start point, which must be
	a branch. Use this if you always pull from the same upstream branch
	into the new branch, and if you do not want to use "git pull
	<repository> <refspec>" explicitly. This behavior is the default
	when the start point is a remote branch. Set the
	branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable to `false` if you want
	'git-checkout' and 'git-branch' to always behave as if '--no-track' were
	given. Set it to `always` if you want this behavior when the
	start-point is either a local or remote branch.
 
--no-track::
	Ignore the branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable.
 
--contains <commit>::
	Only list branches which contain the specified commit.
 
--merged::
	Only list branches which are fully contained by HEAD.
 
--no-merged::
	Do not list branches which are fully contained by HEAD.
 
<branchname>::
	The name of the branch to create or delete.
	The new branch name must pass all checks defined by
	linkgit:git-check-ref-format[1].  Some of these checks
	may restrict the characters allowed in a branch name.
 
<start-point>::
	The new branch will be created with a HEAD equal to this.  It may
	be given as a branch name, a commit-id, or a tag.  If this option
	is omitted, the current branch is assumed.
 
<oldbranch>::
	The name of an existing branch to rename.
 
<newbranch>::
	The new name for an existing branch. The same restrictions as for
	<branchname> apply.
 
 
Examples
--------
 
Start development from a known tag::
+
------------
$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/.../linux-2.6 my2.6
$ cd my2.6
$ git branch my2.6.14 v2.6.14   <1>
$ git checkout my2.6.14
------------
+
<1> This step and the next one could be combined into a single step with
"checkout -b my2.6.14 v2.6.14".
 
Delete an unneeded branch::
+
------------
$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/.../git.git my.git
$ cd my.git
$ git branch -d -r origin/todo origin/html origin/man   <1>
$ git branch -D test                                    <2>
------------
+
<1> Delete the remote-tracking branches "todo", "html" and "man". The next
'fetch' or 'pull' will create them again unless you configure them not to.
See linkgit:git-fetch[1].
<2> Delete the "test" branch even if the "master" branch (or whichever branch
is currently checked out) does not have all commits from the test branch.
 
 
Notes
-----
 
If you are creating a branch that you want to checkout immediately, it is
easier to use the git checkout command with its `-b` option to create
a branch and check it out with a single command.
 
The options `--contains`, `--merged` and `--no-merged` serve three related
but different purposes:
 
- `--contains <commit>` is used to find all branches which will need
  special attention if <commit> were to be rebased or amended, since those
  branches contain the specified <commit>.
 
- `--merged` is used to find all branches which can be safely deleted,
  since those branches are fully contained by HEAD.
 
- `--no-merged` is used to find branches which are candidates for merging
  into HEAD, since those branches are not fully contained by HEAD.
 
Author
------
Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org> and Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
 
Documentation
--------------
Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
 
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite