path: root/show-index.c
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2018-05-28make show-index a builtinJeff King
The git-show-index command is built as its own separate program. There's really no good reason for this, and it means we waste extra space on disk (and CPU time running the linker). Let's fold it in to the main binary as a builtin. The history here is actually a bit amusing. The program itself is mostly self-contained, and doesn't even use our normal pack index code. In a5031214c4 (slim down "git show-index", 2010-01-21), we even stopped using xmalloc() so that it could avoid libgit.a entirely. But then 040a655116 (cleanup: use internal memory allocation wrapper functions everywhere, 2011-10-06) switched that back to xmalloc, which later become ALLOC_ARRAY(). Making it a builtin should give us the best of both worlds: no wasted space and no need to avoid the usual patterns. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-07-01common-main: call git_setup_gettext()Jeff King
This should be part of every program, as otherwise users do not get translated error messages. However, some external commands forgot to do so (e.g., git-credential-store). This fixes them, and eliminates the repeated code in programs that did remember to use it. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-07-01add an extra level of indirection to main()Jeff King
There are certain startup tasks that we expect every git process to do. In some cases this is just to improve the quality of the program (e.g., setting up gettext()). In others it is a requirement for using certain functions in libgit.a (e.g., system_path() expects that you have called git_extract_argv0_path()). Most commands are builtins and are covered by the git.c version of main(). However, there are still a few external commands that use their own main(). Each of these has to remember to include the correct startup sequence, and we are not always consistent. Rather than just fix the inconsistencies, let's make this harder to get wrong by providing a common main() that can run this standard startup. We basically have two options to do this: - the compat/mingw.h file already does something like this by adding a #define that replaces the definition of main with a wrapper that calls mingw_startup(). The upside is that the code in each program doesn't need to be changed at all; it's rewritten on the fly by the preprocessor. The downside is that it may make debugging of the startup sequence a bit more confusing, as the preprocessor is quietly inserting new code. - the builtin functions are all of the form cmd_foo(), and git.c's main() calls them. This is much more explicit, which may make things more obvious to somebody reading the code. It's also more flexible (because of course we have to figure out _which_ cmd_foo() to call). The downside is that each of the builtins must define cmd_foo(), instead of just main(). This patch chooses the latter option, preferring the more explicit approach, even though it is more invasive. We introduce a new file common-main.c, with the "real" main. It expects to call cmd_main() from whatever other objects it is linked against. We link common-main.o against anything that links against libgit.a, since we know that such programs will need to do this setup. Note that common-main.o can't actually go inside libgit.a, as the linker would not pick up its main() function automatically (it has no callers). The rest of the patch is just adjusting all of the various external programs (mostly in t/helper) to use cmd_main(). I've provided a global declaration for cmd_main(), which means that all of the programs also need to match its signature. In particular, many functions need to switch to "const char **" instead of "char **" for argv. This effect ripples out to a few other variables and functions, as well. This makes the patch even more invasive, but the end result is much better. We should be treating argv strings as const anyway, and now all programs conform to the same signature (which also matches the way builtins are defined). Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-02-22convert trivial cases to ALLOC_ARRAYJeff King
Each of these cases can be converted to use ALLOC_ARRAY or REALLOC_ARRAY, which has two advantages: 1. It automatically checks the array-size multiplication for overflow. 2. It always uses sizeof(*array) for the element-size, so that it can never go out of sync with the declared type of the array. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2015-10-16usage: do not insist that standard input must come from a fileJunio C Hamano
The synopsys text and the usage string of subcommands that read list of things from the standard input are often shown like this: git gostak [--distim] < <list-of-doshes> This is problematic in a number of ways: * The way to use these commands is more often to feed them the output from another command, not feed them from a file. * Manual pages outside Git, commands that operate on the data read from the standard input, e.g "sort", "grep", "sed", etc., are not described with such a "< redirection-from-file" in their synopsys text. Our doing so introduces inconsistency. * We do not insist on where the output should go, by saying git gostak [--distim] < <list-of-doshes> > <output> * As it is our convention to enclose placeholders inside <braket>, the redirection operator followed by a placeholder filename becomes very hard to read, both in the documentation and in the help text. Let's clean them all up, after making sure that the documentation clearly describes the modes that take information from the standard input and what kind of things are expected on the input. [jc: stole example for fmt-merge-msg from Jonathan] Helped-by: Jonathan Nieder <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2011-12-06i18n: add infrastructure for translating Git with gettextÆvar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
Change the skeleton implementation of i18n in Git to one that can show localized strings to users for our C, Shell and Perl programs using either GNU libintl or the Solaris gettext implementation. This new internationalization support is enabled by default. If gettext isn't available, or if Git is compiled with NO_GETTEXT=YesPlease, Git falls back on its current behavior of showing interface messages in English. When using the autoconf script we'll auto-detect if the gettext libraries are installed and act appropriately. This change is somewhat large because as well as adding a C, Shell and Perl i18n interface we're adding a lot of tests for them, and for those tests to work we need a skeleton PO file to actually test translations. A minimal Icelandic translation is included for this purpose. Icelandic includes multi-byte characters which makes it easy to test various edge cases, and it's a language I happen to understand. The rest of the commit message goes into detail about various sub-parts of this commit. = Installation Gettext .mo files will be installed and looked for in the standard $(prefix)/share/locale path. GIT_TEXTDOMAINDIR can also be set to override that, but that's only intended to be used to test Git itself. = Perl Perl code that's to be localized should use the new Git::I18n module. It imports a __ function into the caller's package by default. Instead of using the high level Locale::TextDomain interface I've opted to use the low-level (equivalent to the C interface) Locale::Messages module, which Locale::TextDomain itself uses. Locale::TextDomain does a lot of redundant work we don't need, and some of it would potentially introduce bugs. It tries to set the $TEXTDOMAIN based on package of the caller, and has its own hardcoded paths where it'll search for messages. I found it easier just to completely avoid it rather than try to circumvent its behavior. In any case, this is an issue wholly internal Git::I18N. Its guts can be changed later if that's deemed necessary. See <> for a further elaboration on this topic. = Shell Shell code that's to be localized should use the git-sh-i18n library. It's basically just a wrapper for the system's If isn't available we'll fall back on gettext(1) if it's available. The latter is available without the former on Solaris, which has its own non-GNU gettext implementation. We also need to emulate eval_gettext() there. If neither are present we'll use a dumb printf(1) fall-through wrapper. = About libcharset.h and langinfo.h We use libcharset to query the character set of the current locale if it's available. I.e. we'll use it instead of nl_langinfo if HAVE_LIBCHARSET_H is set. The GNU gettext manual recommends using langinfo.h's nl_langinfo(CODESET) to acquire the current character set, but on systems that have libcharset.h's locale_charset() using the latter is either saner, or the only option on those systems. GNU and Solaris have a nl_langinfo(CODESET), FreeBSD can use either, but MinGW and some others need to use libcharset.h's locale_charset() instead. =Credits This patch is based on work by Jeff Epler <> who did the initial Makefile / C work, and a lot of comments from the Git mailing list, including Jonathan Nieder, Jakub Narebski, Johannes Sixt, Erik Faye-Lund, Peter Krefting, Junio C Hamano, Thomas Rast and others. [jc: squashed a small Makefile fix from Ramsay] Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <> Signed-off-by: Ramsay Jones <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2011-10-06cleanup: use internal memory allocation wrapper functions everywhereBrandon Casey
The "x"-prefixed versions of strdup, malloc, etc. will check whether the allocation was successful and terminate the process otherwise. A few uses of malloc were left alone since they already implemented a graceful path of failure or were in a quasi external library like xdiff. Additionally, the call to malloc in compat/win32/syslog.c was not modified since the syslog() implemented there is a die handler and a call to the x-wrappers within a die handler could result in recursion should memory allocation fail. This will have to be addressed separately. Signed-off-by: Brandon Casey <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2010-01-22slim down "git show-index"Linus Torvalds
As the documentation says, this is primarily for debugging, and in the longer term we should rename it to test-show-index or something. In the meantime, just avoid xmalloc (which slurps in the rest of git), and separating out the trivial hex functions into "hex.o". This results in [torvalds@nehalem git]$ size git-show-index text data bss dec hex filename 222818 2276 112688 337782 52776 git-show-index (before) 5696 624 1264 7584 1da0 git-show-index (after) which is a whole lot better. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2009-11-10Show usage string for 'git show-index -h'Jonathan Nieder
Signed-off-by: Jonathan Nieder <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2008-07-06Fix some warnings (on cygwin) to allow -WerrorRamsay Jones
When printing valuds of type uint32_t, we should use PRIu32, and should not assume that it is unsigned int. On 32-bit platforms, it could be defined as unsigned long. The same caution applies to ntohl(). Signed-off-by: Ramsay Jones <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2007-10-21Use PRIuMAX instead of 'unsigned long long' in show-indexShawn O. Pearce
Elsewhere in Git we already use PRIuMAX and cast to uintmax_t when we need to display a value that is 'very big' and we're not exactly sure what the largest display size is for this platform. This particular fix is needed so we can do the incredibly crazy temporary hack of: diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h index e0abcd6..6637fd8 100644 --- a/cache.h +++ b/cache.h @@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ #include SHA1_HEADER #include <zlib.h> +#define long long long #if ZLIB_VERNUM < 0x1200 #define deflateBound(c,s) ((s) + (((s) + 7) >> 3) + (((s) + 63) >> 6) + 11) allowing us to more easily look for locations where we are passing a pointer to an 8 byte value to a function that expects a 4 byte value. This can occur on some platforms where sizeof(long) == 8 and sizeof(size_t) == 4. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <>
2007-04-10show-index.c: learn about index v2Nicolas Pitre
When index v2 is encountered, the CRC32 of each object is also displayed in parenthesis at the end of the line. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2006-10-20Fix typo in show-index.cv1.4.3.1Lars Hjemli
Signed-off-by: Lars Hjemli <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-07-06Add a "git-show-index" helper that shows the contents of a pack indexLinus Torvalds
This was invaluable for debugging the zero-sized compression issue, and might be useful for scripting too, if people want to see the contents of a pack.