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2011-12-06i18n: add infrastructure for translating Git with gettextÆvar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
Change the skeleton implementation of i18n in Git to one that can show localized strings to users for our C, Shell and Perl programs using either GNU libintl or the Solaris gettext implementation. This new internationalization support is enabled by default. If gettext isn't available, or if Git is compiled with NO_GETTEXT=YesPlease, Git falls back on its current behavior of showing interface messages in English. When using the autoconf script we'll auto-detect if the gettext libraries are installed and act appropriately. This change is somewhat large because as well as adding a C, Shell and Perl i18n interface we're adding a lot of tests for them, and for those tests to work we need a skeleton PO file to actually test translations. A minimal Icelandic translation is included for this purpose. Icelandic includes multi-byte characters which makes it easy to test various edge cases, and it's a language I happen to understand. The rest of the commit message goes into detail about various sub-parts of this commit. = Installation Gettext .mo files will be installed and looked for in the standard $(prefix)/share/locale path. GIT_TEXTDOMAINDIR can also be set to override that, but that's only intended to be used to test Git itself. = Perl Perl code that's to be localized should use the new Git::I18n module. It imports a __ function into the caller's package by default. Instead of using the high level Locale::TextDomain interface I've opted to use the low-level (equivalent to the C interface) Locale::Messages module, which Locale::TextDomain itself uses. Locale::TextDomain does a lot of redundant work we don't need, and some of it would potentially introduce bugs. It tries to set the $TEXTDOMAIN based on package of the caller, and has its own hardcoded paths where it'll search for messages. I found it easier just to completely avoid it rather than try to circumvent its behavior. In any case, this is an issue wholly internal Git::I18N. Its guts can be changed later if that's deemed necessary. See <AANLkTilYD_NyIZMyj9dHtVk-ylVBfvyxpCC7982LWnVd@mail.gmail.com> for a further elaboration on this topic. = Shell Shell code that's to be localized should use the git-sh-i18n library. It's basically just a wrapper for the system's gettext.sh. If gettext.sh isn't available we'll fall back on gettext(1) if it's available. The latter is available without the former on Solaris, which has its own non-GNU gettext implementation. We also need to emulate eval_gettext() there. If neither are present we'll use a dumb printf(1) fall-through wrapper. = About libcharset.h and langinfo.h We use libcharset to query the character set of the current locale if it's available. I.e. we'll use it instead of nl_langinfo if HAVE_LIBCHARSET_H is set. The GNU gettext manual recommends using langinfo.h's nl_langinfo(CODESET) to acquire the current character set, but on systems that have libcharset.h's locale_charset() using the latter is either saner, or the only option on those systems. GNU and Solaris have a nl_langinfo(CODESET), FreeBSD can use either, but MinGW and some others need to use libcharset.h's locale_charset() instead. =Credits This patch is based on work by Jeff Epler <jepler@unpythonic.net> who did the initial Makefile / C work, and a lot of comments from the Git mailing list, including Jonathan Nieder, Jakub Narebski, Johannes Sixt, Erik Faye-Lund, Peter Krefting, Junio C Hamano, Thomas Rast and others. [jc: squashed a small Makefile fix from Ramsay] Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Ramsay Jones <ramsay@ramsay1.demon.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2009-09-25perl/Makefile.PL: detect MakeMaker versions incompatible with DESTDIRBrandon Casey
It appears that ExtUtils::MakeMaker versions older than 6.11 do not implement the DESTDIR mechanism. So add a test to the generated perl.mak to detect when DESTDIR is used along with a too old ExtUtils::MakeMaker and abort with a message suggesting the use of NO_PERL_MAKEMAKER. Signed-off-by: Brandon Casey <casey@nrlssc.navy.mil> Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
2007-12-11Don't cache DESTDIR in perl/perl.mak.Gerrit Pape
DESTDIR is supposed to be overridden on 'make install' after doing 'make'. Have the automatically generated perl/perl.mak not cache the value of DESTDIR to support that for the perl/ subdirectory also. Signed-off-by: Gerrit Pape <pape@smarden.org> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2007-08-23Install man3 manpages to $PREFIX/share/man/man3 even for site installsmartin f. krafft
MakeMaker supports three installation modes: perl, site, and vendor. The first and third install manpages to $PREFIX/share/man, only site installs to $PREFIX/man. For consistency with the rest of git, which does not make the distinction and writes all manpages to $PREFIX/share/man, this change makes sure that perl does too, even when it's installed in site mode. Signed-off-by: martin f. krafft <madduck@madduck.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2007-04-21perl: install private Error.pm if the site version is older than our ownEric Wong
bdash (on IRC) had a problem with Git.pm (via git-svn) when his site installation of Error.pm was older than the version we package. Signed-off-by: Eric Wong <normalperson@yhbt.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
2007-01-16Fix spurious compile errorJohannes Schindelin
From time to time, I would get this error: [...] sed: -e expression #8, char 41: Unterminated `s' command make: *** [git-add--interactive] Error 1 Turns out that the function WriteMakefile() called in Makefile.PL outputs the message "Writing perl.mak for Git" to stdout! Thus, the output of "make -C perl -s --no-print-directory instlibdir" would be prefixed by that message whenever Makefile.PL was newer than perl.mak. This is fixed by redirecting stdout to stderr in Makefile.PL. Signed-off-by: Johannes E. Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
2006-12-08Fix perl/ build.Junio C Hamano
An earlier commit f848718a broke the build in perl/ directory by allowing the Makefile.PL to overwrite the now-tracked Makefile. Fix this by forcing Makefile.PL to produce its output in perl.mak as the broken commit originally intended. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
2006-09-23Git.pm: Kill Git.xs for nowPetr Baudis
This patch removes Git.xs from the repository for the time being. This should hopefully enable Git.pm to finally make its way to master. Git.xs is not going away forever. When the Git libification makes some progress, it will hopefully return (but most likely as an optional component, due to the portability woes) since the performance boosts are really important for applications like Gitweb or Cogito. It needs to go away now since it is not really reliable in case you use it for several repositories in the scope of a single process, and that is not possible to fix without some either very ugly or very intrusive core changes. Rest in peace. (While you can.) Signed-off-by: Petr Baudis <pasky@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
2006-08-13pass DESTDIR to the generated perl/MakefileEric Wong
Makes life for binary packagers easier, as the Perl modules will be installed inside DESTDIR. Signed-off-by: Eric Wong <normalperson@yhbt.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
2006-07-03Git.pm: Avoid ppport.hPetr Baudis
This makes us not include ppport.h which seems not to give us anything real anyway; it is useful for checking for portability warts but since Devel::PPPort is a portability wart itself, we shouldn't require it for build. You can check for portability problems by calling make check in perl/. Signed-off-by: Petr Baudis <pasky@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
2006-07-03Fix probing for already installed Error.pmPavel Roskin
The syntax for 'require' was wrong, and it was always failing, which resulted in installing our own version of Error.pm anyways. Now we used to ship our own Error.pm in the same directory, so after fixing the syntax, 'require' always succeeds, but it does not test if the platform has Error.pm module installed anymore. So rename the source we ship to private-Error.pm, and install that as Error.pm when the platform does not have one already. Signed-off-by: Pavel Roskin <proski@gnu.org> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
2006-07-03Perly git: work around buggy make implementations.Junio C Hamano
FC4 uses gnumake 3.80 whose annoying "Entering directory..." messages are not silenced with -s alone. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
2006-07-03Git.pm: assorted build related fixes.Petr Baudis
- We passed our own *.a archives as LIBS to the submake that runs in perl/; separate LIBS and EXTLIBS and pass the latter which tells what the system libraries are used. - The quoting of preprocesor symbol definitions passed down to perl/ submake was loose and we lost double quotes around include directives. Use *_SQ to quote them properly. - The installation location of perl/ submake is not architecture neutral anymore, so use SITEARCH instead of SITELIB. Signed-off-by: Petr Baudis <pasky@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
2006-07-03Add Error.pm to the distributionPetr Baudis
I have been thinking about how to do the error reporting the best way and after scraping various overcomplicated concepts, I have decided that by far the most elegant way is to throw Error exceptions; the closest sane alternative is to catch the dies in Git.pm by enclosing the calls in eval{}s and that's really _quite_ ugly. The only "small" trouble is that Error.pm turns out sadly not to be part of the standard distribution, and installation from CPAN is a bother, especially if you can't install it system-wide. But since it is very small, I've decided to just bundle it. Signed-off-by: Petr Baudis <pasky@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
2006-07-03Introduce Git.pm (v4)Petr Baudis
This patch introduces a very basic and barebone Git.pm module with a sketch of how the generic interface would look like; most functions are missing, but this should give some good base. I will continue expanding it. Most desirable now is more careful error reporting, generic_in() for feeding input to Git commands and the repository() constructor doing some poking with git-rev-parse to get the git directory and subdirectory prefix. Those three are basically the prerequisities for converting git-mv. I will send them as follow-ups to this patch. Currently Git.pm just wraps up exec()s of Git commands, but even that is not trivial to get right and various Git perl scripts do it in various inconsistent ways. In addition to Git.pm, there is now also Git.xs which provides barebone Git.xs for directly interfacing with libgit.a, and as an example providing the hash_object() function using libgit. This adds the Git module, integrates it to the build system and as an example converts the git-fmt-merge-msg.perl script to it (the result is not very impressive since its advantage is not quite apparent in this one, but I just picked up the simplest Git user around). Compared to v3, only very minor things were fixed in this patch (some whitespaces, a missing export, tiny bug in git-fmt-merge-msg.perl); at first I wanted to post them as a separate patch but since this is still only in pu, I decided that it will be cleaner to just resend the patch. My current working state is available all the time at http://pasky.or.cz/~xpasky/git-perl/Git.pm and an irregularily updated API documentation is at http://pasky.or.cz/~xpasky/git-perl/Git.html Many thanks to Jakub Narebski, Junio and others for their feedback. Signed-off-by: Petr Baudis <pasky@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>