path: root/help.c
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2020-11-25help.c: help.autocorrect=never means "do not compute suggestions"Drew DeVault
While help.autocorrect can be set to 0 to decline auto-execution of possibly mistyped commands, it still spends cycles to compute the suggestions, and it wastes screen real estate. Update help.autocorrect to accept the string "never" to just exit with error upon mistyped commands to help users who prefer to never see suggested corrections at all. While at it, introduce "immediate" as a more readable way to immediately execute the auto-corrected command, which can be done with negative value. Signed-off-by: Drew DeVault <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2020-10-07help: do not expect built-in commands to be hardlinkedJohannes Schindelin
When building with SKIP_DASHED_BUILT_INS=YesPlease, the built-in commands are no longer present in the `PATH` as hardlinks to `git`. As a consequence, `load_command_list()` needs to be taught to find the names of the built-in commands from elsewhere. This only affected the output of `git --list-cmds=main`, but not the output of `git help -a` because the latter includes the built-in commands by virtue of them being listed in command-list.txt. The bug was detected via a patch series that turns the merge strategies included in Git into built-in commands: `git merge -s help` relies on `load_command_list()` to determine the list of available merge strategies. Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2020-08-27Merge branch 'jk/leakfix'Junio C Hamano
Code clean-up. * jk/leakfix: submodule--helper: fix leak of core.worktree value config: fix leak in git_config_get_expiry_in_days() config: drop git_config_get_string_const() config: fix leaks from git_config_get_string_const() checkout: fix leak of non-existent branch names submodule--helper: use strbuf_release() to free strbufs clear_pattern_list(): clear embedded hashmaps
2020-08-14config: fix leaks from git_config_get_string_const()Jeff King
There are two functions to get a single config string: - git_config_get_string() - git_config_get_string_const() One might naively think that the first one allocates a new string and the second one just points us to the internal configset storage. But in fact they both allocate a new copy; the second one exists only to avoid having to cast when using it with a const global which we never intend to free. The documentation for the function explains that clearly, but it seems I'm not alone in being surprised by this. Of 17 calls to the function, 13 of them leak the resulting value. We could obviously fix these by adding the appropriate free(). But it would be simpler still if we actually had a non-allocating way to get the string. There's git_config_get_value() but that doesn't quite do what we want. If the config key is present but is a boolean with no value (e.g., "[foo]bar" in the file), then we'll get NULL (whereas the string versions will print an error and die). So let's introduce a new variant, git_config_get_string_tmp(), that behaves as these callers expect. We need a new name because we have new semantics but the same function signature (so even if we converted the four remaining callers, topics in flight might be surprised). The "tmp" is because this value should only be held onto for a short time. In practice it's rare for us to clear and refresh the configset, invalidating the pointer, but hopefully the "tmp" makes callers think about the lifetime. In each of the converted cases here the value only needs to last within the local function or its immediate caller. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2020-08-05help: drop usage of 'common' and 'useful' for guidesPhilippe Blain
Since 1b81d8cb19 (help: use command-list.txt for the source of guides, 2018-05-20), all man5/man7 guides listed in command-list.txt appear in the output of 'git help -g'. However, 'git help -g' still prefixes this list with "The common Git guides are:", which makes one wonder if there are others! In the same spirit, the man page for 'git help' describes the '--guides' option as listing 'useful' guides, which is not false per se but can also be taken to mean that there are other guides that exist but are not useful. Instead of 'common' and 'useful', use 'Git concept guides' in both places. To keep the code in line with this change, rename help.c::list_common_guides_help to list_guides_help. Signed-off-by: Philippe Blain <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2020-05-13help: add shell-path to --build-optionsEmily Shaffer
It may be useful to know which shell Git was built to try to point to, in the event that shell-based Git commands are failing. $SHELL_PATH is set during the build and used to launch the manpage viewer, as well as by git-compat-util.h, and it's used during tests. 'git version --build-options' is encouraged for use in bug reports, so it makes sense to include this information there. Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2020-04-16bugreport: gather git version and build infoEmily Shaffer
Knowing which version of Git a user has and how it was built allows us to more precisely pin down the circumstances when a certain issue occurs, so teach bugreport how to tell us the same output as 'git version --build-options'. It's not ideal to directly call 'git version --build-options' because that output goes to stdout. Instead, wrap the version string in a helper within help.[ch] library, and call that helper from within the bugreport library. Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2020-04-16help: move list_config_help to builtin/helpEmily Shaffer
Starting in 3ac68a93fd2, help.o began to depend on builtin/branch.o, builtin/clean.o, and builtin/config.o. This meant that help.o was unusable outside of the context of the main Git executable. To make help.o usable by other commands again, move list_config_help() into builtin/help.c (where it makes sense to assume other builtin libraries are present). When command-list.h is included but a member is not used, we start to hear a compiler warning. Since the config list is generated in a fairly different way than the command list, and since commands and config options are semantically different, move the config list into its own header and move the generator into its own script and build rule. For reasons explained in 976aaedc (msvc: add a Makefile target to pre-generate the Visual Studio solution, 2019-07-29), some build artifacts we consider non-source files cannot be generated in the Visual Studio environment, and we already have some Makefile tweaks to help Visual Studio to use generated command-list.h header file. Do the same to a new generated file, config-list.h, introduced by this change. Helped-by: Junio C Hamano <> Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <>
2019-11-10Fix spelling errors in messages shown to usersElijah Newren
Reported-by: Jens Schleusener <> Signed-off-by: Elijah Newren <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2019-09-30Merge branch 'rs/help-unknown-ref-does-not-return'Junio C Hamano
Code cleanup. * rs/help-unknown-ref-does-not-return: help: make help_unknown_ref() NORETURN
2019-08-30help: make help_unknown_ref() NORETURNRené Scharfe
Announce that calling help_unknown_ref() exits the program. Signed-off-by: René Scharfe <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2019-06-13Merge branch 'jk/help-unknown-ref-fix'Junio C Hamano
Improve the code to show args with potential typo that cannot be interpreted as a commit-ish. * jk/help-unknown-ref-fix: help_unknown_ref(): check for refname ambiguity help_unknown_ref(): duplicate collected refnames
2019-05-15help_unknown_ref(): check for refname ambiguityJeff King
When the user asks to merge "foo" and we suggest "origin/foo" instead, we do so by simply chopping off "refs/remotes/" from the front of the suggested ref. This is usually fine, but it's possible that the resulting name is ambiguous (e.g., you have "refs/heads/origin/foo", too). Let's use shorten_unambiguous_ref() to do this the right way, which should usually yield the same "origin/foo", but "remotes/origin/foo" if necessary. Note that in this situation there may be other options (e.g., we could suggest "heads/origin/foo" as well). I'll leave that up for debate; the focus here is just to avoid giving advice that does not actually do what we expect. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2019-05-15help_unknown_ref(): duplicate collected refnamesJeff King
When "git merge" sees an unknown refname, we iterate through the refs to try to suggest some possible alternates. We do so with for_each_ref(), and in the callback we add some of the refnames we get to a string_list that is declared with NODUP, directly adding a pointer into the refname string our callback received. But the for_each_ref() machinery does not promise that the refname string will remain valid, and as a result we may print garbage memory. The code in question dates back to its inception in e56181060e (help: add help_unknown_ref(), 2013-05-04). But back then, the refname strings generally did remain stable, at least immediately after the for_each_ref() call. Later, in d1cf15516f (packed_ref_iterator_begin(): iterate using `mmapped_ref_iterator`, 2017-09-25), we started consistently re-using a separate buffer for packed refs. The fix is simple: duplicate the strings we intend to collect. We already call string_list_clear(), so the memory is correctly freed. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2019-03-21completion: fix multiple command removalsJeff King
Commit 6532f3740b ("completion: allow to customize the completable command list", 2018-05-20) tried to allow multiple space-separated entries in completion.commands. To do this, it copies each parsed token into a strbuf so that the result is NUL-terminated. However, for tokens starting with "-", it accidentally passes the original non-terminated string, meaning that only the final one worked. Switch to using the strbuf. Reported-by: Todd Zullinger <> Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2019-03-21git: read local config in --list-cmdsJeff King
Normally code that is checking config before we've decided to do setup_git_directory() would use read_early_config(), which uses discover_git_directory() to tentatively see if we're in a repo, and if so to add it to the config sequence. But list_cmds() uses the caching configset mechanism which rightly does not use read_early_config(), because it has no idea if it's being called early. Call setup_git_directory_gently() so we can pick up repo-level config (like completion.commands). Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2019-01-31help: align the longest command in the command listingNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
"longest" is used to determine how many extra spaces we need to print to keep the command description aligned. For the longest command, we should print no extra space instead of one, or we'll get unaligned output like this (notice the "checkout" line): grow, mark and tweak your common history branch List, create, or delete branches checkout Switch branches or restore working tree files commit Record changes to the repository diff Show changes between commits, commit and ... merge Join two or more development histories together rebase Reapply commits on top of another base tip tag Create, list, delete or verify a tag ... Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-12-12help -a: handle aliases with long names gracefullyJohannes Schindelin
We take pains to determine the longest command beforehand, so that we can align the category column after printing the command names. However, then we re-use that value when printing the aliases. If any alias name is longer than the longest command name, we consequently try to add a negative number of spaces (but `mput_char()` does not expect any negative values and simply decrements until the value is 0, i.e. it tries to add close to 2**31 spaces). Let's fix this by adjusting the `longest` variable before printing the aliases. This fixes Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-10-04help -a: improve and make --verbose defaultNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
When you type "git help" (or just "git") you are greeted with a list with commonly used commands and their short description and are suggested to use "git help -a" or "git help -g" for more details. "git help -av" would be more friendly and inline with what is shown with "git help" since it shows list of commands with description as well, and commands are properly grouped. "help -av" does not show everything "help -a" shows though. Add external command section in "help -av" for this. While at there, add a section for aliases as well (until now aliases have no UI, just "git config"). Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Reviewed-by: Taylor Blau <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-08-20Merge branch 'hn/highlight-sideband-keywords'Junio C Hamano
The sideband code learned to optionally paint selected keywords at the beginning of incoming lines on the receiving end. * hn/highlight-sideband-keywords: sideband: do not read beyond the end of input sideband: highlight keywords in remote sideband output
2018-08-17Merge branch 'mk/http-backend-content-length'Junio C Hamano
The http-backend (used for smart-http transport) used to slurp the whole input until EOF, without paying attention to CONTENT_LENGTH that is supplied in the environment and instead expecting the Web server to close the input stream. This has been fixed. * mk/http-backend-content-length: t5562: avoid non-portable "export FOO=bar" construct http-backend: respect CONTENT_LENGTH for receive-pack http-backend: respect CONTENT_LENGTH as specified by rfc3875 http-backend: cleanup writing to child process
2018-08-08sideband: highlight keywords in remote sideband outputHan-Wen Nienhuys
The colorization is controlled with the config setting "color.remote". Supported keywords are "error", "warning", "hint" and "success". They are highlighted if they appear at the start of the line, which is common in error messages, eg. ERROR: commit is missing Change-Id The Git push process itself prints lots of non-actionable messages (eg. bandwidth statistics, object counters for different phases of the process). This obscures actionable error messages that servers may send back. Highlighting keywords in the sideband draws more attention to those messages. The background for this change is that Gerrit does server-side processing to create or update code reviews, and actionable error messages (eg. missing Change-Id) must be communicated back to the user during the push. User research has shown that new users have trouble seeing these messages. The highlighting is done on the client rather than server side, so servers don't have to grow capabilities to understand terminal escape codes and terminal state. It also consistent with the current state where Git is control of the local display (eg. prefixing messages with "remote: "). The highlighting can be configured using color.remote.<KEYWORD> configuration settings. Since the keys are matched case insensitively, we match the keywords case insensitively too. Finally, this solution is backwards compatible: many servers already prefix their messages with "error", and they will benefit from this change without requiring a server update. By contrast, a server-side solution would likely require plumbing the TERM variable through the git protocol, so it would require changes to both server and client. Helped-by: Duy Nguyen <> Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-07-27http-backend: respect CONTENT_LENGTH for receive-packMax Kirillov
Push passes to another commands, as described in As it gets complicated to correctly track the data length, instead transfer the data through parent process and cut the pipe as the specified length is reached. Do it only when CONTENT_LENGTH is set, otherwise pass the input directly to the forked commands. Add tests for cases: * CONTENT_LENGTH is set, script's stdin has more data, with all combinations of variations: fetch or push, plain or compressed body, correct or truncated input. * CONTENT_LENGTH is specified to a value which does not fit into ssize_t. Helped-by: Junio C Hamano <> Signed-off-by: Max Kirillov <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-06-01Merge branch 'nd/command-list'Junio C Hamano
The list of commands with their various attributes were spread across a few places in the build procedure, but it now is getting a bit more consolidated to allow more automation. * nd/command-list: completion: allow to customize the completable command list completion: add and use --list-cmds=alias completion: add and use --list-cmds=nohelpers Move declaration for alias.c to alias.h completion: reduce completable command list completion: let git provide the completable command list command-list.txt: documentation and guide line help: use command-list.txt for the source of guides help: add "-a --verbose" to list all commands with synopsis git: support --list-cmds=list-<category> completion: implement and use --list-cmds=main,others git --list-cmds: collect command list in a string_list git.c: convert --list-* to --list-cmds=* Remove common-cmds.h help: use command-list.h for common command list export all commands to command-list.h factor out synopsis extract code
2018-05-29completion: drop the hard coded list of config varsNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
The new help option --config-for-completion is a machine friendlier version of --config where all the placeholders and wildcards are dropped, leaving only the good, completable prefixes for git-completion.bash to consume. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-05-29help: add --config to list all available configNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
Sometimes it helps to list all available config vars so the user can search for something they want. The config man page can also be used but it's harder to search if you want to focus on the variable name, for example. This is not the best way to collect the available config since it's not precise. Ideally we should have a centralized list of config in C code (pretty much like 'struct option'), but that's a lot more work. This will do for now. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-05-29Merge branch 'nd/command-list' into nd/complete-config-varsJunio C Hamano
* nd/command-list: completion: allow to customize the completable command list completion: add and use --list-cmds=alias completion: add and use --list-cmds=nohelpers Move declaration for alias.c to alias.h completion: reduce completable command list completion: let git provide the completable command list command-list.txt: documentation and guide line help: use command-list.txt for the source of guides help: add "-a --verbose" to list all commands with synopsis git: support --list-cmds=list-<category> completion: implement and use --list-cmds=main,others git --list-cmds: collect command list in a string_list git.c: convert --list-* to --list-cmds=* Remove common-cmds.h help: use command-list.h for common command list export all commands to command-list.h factor out synopsis extract code
2018-05-21completion: allow to customize the completable command listNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
By default we show porcelain, external commands and a couple others that are also popular. If you are not happy with this list, you can now customize it a new config variable. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-05-21help: use command-list.txt for the source of guidesNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
The help command currently hard codes the list of guides and their summary in C. Let's move this list to command-list.txt. This lets us extract summary lines from Documentation/git*.txt. This also potentially lets us list guides in git.txt, but I'll leave that for now. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-05-21help: add "-a --verbose" to list all commands with synopsisNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
This lists all recognized commands [1] by category. The group order follows closely git.txt. [1] We may actually show commands that are not built (e.g. if you set NO_PERL you don't have git-instaweb but it's still listed here). I ignore the problem because on Linux a git package could be split anyway. The "git-core" package may not contain git-instaweb even if it's built because it may end up in a separate package. We can't know anyway. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-05-21git: support --list-cmds=list-<category>Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
This allows us to select any group of commands by a category defined in command-list.txt. This is an internal/hidden option so we don't have to be picky about the category name or worried about exposing too much. This will be used later by git-completion.bash to retrieve certain command groups. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-05-21completion: implement and use --list-cmds=main,othersNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
This is part of the effort to break down and provide commands by category in machine-readable form. This could be helpful later on when completion script switches to use --list-cmds for selecting completable commands. It would be much easier for the user to choose to complete _all_ commands instead of the default selection by passing different values to --list-cmds in git-completino.bash. While at there, replace "git help -a" in git-completion.bash with --list-cmds since it's better suited for this task. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-05-10help: use command-list.h for common command listNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
The previous commit added code generation for all_cmd_desc[] which includes almost everything we need to generate common command list. Convert help code to use that array instead and drop common_cmds[] array. The description of each common command group is removed from command-list.txt. This keeps this file format simpler. common-cmds.h will not be generated correctly after this change due to the command-list.txt format change. But it does not matter and common-cmds.h will be removed. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-04-11exec_cmd: rename to use dash in file nameStefan Beller
This is more consistent with the project style. The majority of Git's source files use dashes in preference to underscores in their file names. Signed-off-by: Stefan Beller <>
2017-12-15version --build-options: report commit, too, if possibleJohannes Schindelin
In particular when local tags are used (or tags that are pushed to some fork) to build Git, it is very hard to figure out from which particular revision a particular Git executable was built. It gets worse when those tags are deleted, or even updated. Let's just report an exact, unabbreviated commit name in our build options. We need to be careful, though, to report when the current commit cannot be determined, e.g. when building from a tarball without any associated Git repository. This could be the case also when extracting Git's source code into an unrelated Git worktree. Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-12-15version --build-options: also report host CPUEric Sunshine
It can be helpful for bug reports to include information about the environment in which the bug occurs. "git version --build-options" can help to supplement this information. In addition to the size of 'long' already reported by --build-options, also report the host's CPU type. Example output: $ git version --build-options git version cpu: x86_64 sizeof-long: 4 New Makefile variable HOST_CPU supports cross-compiling. Suggested-by: Adric Norris <> Signed-off-by: Eric Sunshine <> Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-06-26Merge branch 'mb/reword-autocomplete-message'Junio C Hamano
Message update. * mb/reword-autocomplete-message: auto-correct: tweak phrasing
2017-06-24Merge branch 'ab/free-and-null'Junio C Hamano
A common pattern to free a piece of memory and assign NULL to the pointer that used to point at it has been replaced with a new FREE_AND_NULL() macro. * ab/free-and-null: *.[ch] refactoring: make use of the FREE_AND_NULL() macro coccinelle: make use of the "expression" FREE_AND_NULL() rule coccinelle: add a rule to make "expression" code use FREE_AND_NULL() coccinelle: make use of the "type" FREE_AND_NULL() rule coccinelle: add a rule to make "type" code use FREE_AND_NULL() git-compat-util: add a FREE_AND_NULL() wrapper around free(ptr); ptr = NULL
2017-06-24Merge branch 'bw/config-h'Junio C Hamano
Fix configuration codepath to pay proper attention to commondir that is used in multi-worktree situation, and isolate config API into its own header file. * bw/config-h: config: don't implicitly use gitdir or commondir config: respect commondir setup: teach discover_git_directory to respect the commondir config: don't include config.h by default config: remove git_config_iter config: create config.h
2017-06-24Merge branch 'js/alias-early-config'Junio C Hamano
The code to pick up and execute command alias definition from the configuration used to switch to the top of the working tree and then come back when the expanded alias was executed, which was unnecessarilyl complex. Attempt to simplify the logic by using the early-config mechanism that does not chdir around. * js/alias-early-config: alias: use the early config machinery to expand aliases t7006: demonstrate a problem with aliases in subdirectories t1308: relax the test verifying that empty alias values are disallowed help: use early config when autocorrecting aliases config: report correct line number upon error discover_git_directory(): avoid setting invalid git_dir
2017-06-21auto-correct: tweak phrasingMarc Branchaud
When help.autoCorrect is enabled, an invalid git command prints a warning and a continuation message, which differs depending on whether or not the value of help.autoCorrect is positive or negative. With help.autoCorrect = 15: WARNING: You called a Git command named 'lgo', which does not exist. Continuing under the assumption that you meant 'log' in 1.5 seconds automatically... With help.autoCorrect < 0: WARNING: You called a Git command named 'lgo', which does not exist. Continuing under the assumption that you meant 'log' The continuation message's phrasing is awkward. This commit cleans it up. As a bonus, we now use full-sentence strings which make translation easier. With help.autoCorrect = 15: WARNING: You called a Git command named 'lgo', which does not exist. Continuing in 1.5 seconds, assuming that you meant 'log'. With help.autoCorrect < 0: WARNING: You called a Git command named 'lgo', which does not exist. Continuing under the assumption that you meant 'log'. Signed-off-by: Marc Branchaud <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-06-19Merge branch 'jk/consistent-h'Junio C Hamano
"git $cmd -h" for builtin commands calls the implementation of the command (i.e. cmd_$cmd() function) without doing any repository set-up, and the commands that expect RUN_SETUP is done by the Git potty needs to be prepared to show the help text without barfing. * jk/consistent-h: t0012: test "-h" with builtins git: add hidden --list-builtins option version: convert to parse-options diff- and log- family: handle "git cmd -h" early submodule--helper: show usage for "-h" remote-{ext,fd}: print usage message on invalid arguments upload-archive: handle "-h" option early credential: handle invalid arguments earlier
2017-06-16*.[ch] refactoring: make use of the FREE_AND_NULL() macroÆvar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
Replace occurrences of `free(ptr); ptr = NULL` which weren't caught by the coccinelle rule. These fall into two categories: - free/NULL assignments one after the other which coccinelle all put on one line, which is functionally equivalent code, but very ugly. - manually spotted occurrences where the NULL assignment isn't right after the free() call. Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-06-15config: don't include config.h by defaultBrandon Williams
Stop including config.h by default in cache.h. Instead only include config.h in those files which require use of the config system. Signed-off-by: Brandon Williams <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-06-15help: use early config when autocorrecting aliasesJohannes Schindelin
Git has this feature which suggests similar commands (including aliases) in case the user specified an unknown command. This feature currently relies on a side effect of the way we expand aliases right now: when a command is not a builtin, we use the regular config machinery (meaning: discovering the .git/ directory and initializing global state such as the config cache) to see whether the command refers to an alias. However, we will change the way aliases are expanded in the next commits, to use the early config instead. That means that the autocorrect feature can no longer discover the available aliases by looking at the config cache (because it has not yet been initialized). So let's just use the early config machinery instead. This is slightly less performant than the previous way, as the early config is used *twice*: once to see whether the command refers to an alias, and then to see what aliases are most similar. However, this is hardly a performance-critical code path, so performance is less important here. Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Reviewed-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-06-05version: convert to parse-optionsJeff King
The "git version" command didn't traditionally accept any options, and in fact ignores any you give it. When we added simple option parsing for "--build-options" in 6b9c38e14, we didn't improve this; we just loop over the arguments and pick out the one we recognize. Instead, let's move to a real parsing loop, complain about nonsense options, and recognize conventions like "-h". Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-05-30Merge branch 'bw/forking-and-threading'Junio C Hamano
The "run-command" API implementation has been made more robust against dead-locking in a threaded environment. * bw/forking-and-threading: usage.c: drop set_error_handle() run-command: restrict PATH search to executable files run-command: expose is_executable function run-command: block signals between fork and execve run-command: add note about forking and threading run-command: handle dup2 and close errors in child run-command: eliminate calls to error handling functions in child run-command: don't die in child when duping /dev/null run-command: prepare child environment before forking string-list: add string_list_remove function run-command: use the async-signal-safe execv instead of execvp run-command: prepare command before forking t0061: run_command executes scripts without a #! line t5550: use write_script to generate post-update hook
2017-05-12usability: don't ask questions if no reply is requiredJean-Noel Avila
There has been a bug report by a corporate user that stated that "spelling mistake of stash followed by a yes prints character 'y' infinite times." This analysis was false. When the spelling of a command contains errors, the git program tries to help the user by providing candidates which are close to the unexisting command. E.g Git prints the following: git: 'stahs' is not a git command. See 'git --help'. Did you mean this? stash and then exits. The problem with this hint is that it is not formally indicated as an hint and the user is in fact encouraged to reply to the question, whereas the Git command is already finished. The user was unlucky enough that it was the command he was looking for, and replied "yes" on the command line, effectively launching the `yes` program. The initial error is that the Git programs, when launched in command-line mode (without interaction) must not ask questions, because these questions would normally require a user input as a reply that they won't handle indeed. That's a source of confusion on UX level. To improve the general usability of the Git suite, the following rule was applied: if the sentence * appears in a non-interactive session * is printed last before exit * is a question addressing the user ("you") the sentence is turned into affirmative and proposes the option. The basic rewording of the question sentences has been extended to other spots found in the source. Requested at by rpai1 Signed-off-by: Jean-Noel Avila <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-04-26run-command: expose is_executable functionBrandon Williams
Move the logic for 'is_executable()' from help.c to run_command.c and expose it so that callers from outside help.c can access the function. This is to enable run-command to be able to query if a file is executable in a future patch. Signed-off-by: Brandon Williams <> Reviewed-by: Jonathan Nieder <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-01-30help: improve is_executable() on WindowsHeiko Voigt
On Windows, executables need to have the file extension `.exe`, or they are not executables. Hence, to support scripts, Git for Windows also looks for a she-bang line by opening the file in question, and executing it via the specified script interpreter. To figure out whether files in the `PATH` are executable, `git help` has code that imitates this behavior. With one exception: it *always* opens the files and looks for a she-bang line *or* an `MZ` tell-tale (nevermind that files with the magic `MZ` but without file extension `.exe` would still not be executable). Opening this many files leads to performance problems that are even more serious when a virus scanner is running. Therefore, let's change the code to look for the file extension `.exe` early, and avoid opening the file altogether if we already know that it is executable. See the following measurements (in seconds) as an example, where we execute a simple program that simply lists the directory contents and calls open() on every listed file: With virus scanner running (coldcache): $ ./a.exe /libexec/git-core/ before open (git-add.exe): 0.000000 after open (git-add.exe): 0.412873 before open (git-annotate.exe): 0.000175 after open (git-annotate.exe): 0.397925 before open (git-apply.exe): 0.000243 after open (git-apply.exe): 0.399996 before open (git-archive.exe): 0.000147 after open (git-archive.exe): 0.397783 before open (git-bisect--helper.exe): 0.000160 after open (git-bisect--helper.exe): 0.397700 before open (git-blame.exe): 0.000160 after open (git-blame.exe): 0.399136 ... With virus scanner running (hotcache): $ ./a.exe /libexec/git-core/ before open (git-add.exe): 0.000000 after open (git-add.exe): 0.000325 before open (git-annotate.exe): 0.000229 after open (git-annotate.exe): 0.000177 before open (git-apply.exe): 0.000167 after open (git-apply.exe): 0.000150 before open (git-archive.exe): 0.000154 after open (git-archive.exe): 0.000156 before open (git-bisect--helper.exe): 0.000132 after open (git-bisect--helper.exe): 0.000180 before open (git-blame.exe): 0.000718 after open (git-blame.exe): 0.000724 ... With this patch I get: $ time git help git Launching default browser to display HTML ... real 0m8.723s user 0m0.000s sys 0m0.000s and without $ time git help git Launching default browser to display HTML ... real 1m37.734s user 0m0.000s sys 0m0.031s both tests with cold cache and giving the machine some time to settle down after restart. [jes: adjusted the commit message] Signed-off-by: Heiko Voigt <> Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>