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2021-08-24Merge branch 'js/expand-runtime-prefix'Junio C Hamano
Pathname expansion (like "~username/") learned a way to specify a location relative to Git installation (e.g. its $sharedir which is $(prefix)/share), with "%(prefix)". * js/expand-runtime-prefix: expand_user_path: allow in-flight topics to keep using the old name interpolate_path(): allow specifying paths relative to the runtime prefix Use a better name for the function interpolating paths expand_user_path(): clarify the role of the `real_home` parameter expand_user_path(): remove stale part of the comment tests: exercise the RUNTIME_PREFIX feature
2021-08-02Merge branch 'jt/bulk-prefetch'Junio C Hamano
"git read-tree" had a codepath where blobs are fetched one-by-one from the promisor remote, which has been corrected to fetch in bulk. * jt/bulk-prefetch: cache-tree: prefetch in partial clone read-tree unpack-trees: refactor prefetching code
2021-07-26expand_user_path: allow in-flight topics to keep using the old nameJunio C Hamano
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-07-26Use a better name for the function interpolating pathsJohannes Schindelin
It is not immediately clear what `expand_user_path()` means, so let's rename it to `interpolate_path()`. This also opens the path for interpolating more than just a home directory. Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-07-23unpack-trees: refactor prefetching codeJonathan Tan
Refactor the prefetching code in unpack-trees.c into its own function, because it will be used elsewhere in a subsequent commit. Signed-off-by: Jonathan Tan <jonathantanmy@google.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-07-13*.h: add a few missing __attribute__((format))Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
Add missing format attributes to API functions that take printf arguments. Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-05-16Merge branch 'mt/parallel-checkout-part-3'Junio C Hamano
The final part of "parallel checkout". * mt/parallel-checkout-part-3: ci: run test round with parallel-checkout enabled parallel-checkout: add tests related to .gitattributes t0028: extract encoding helpers to lib-encoding.sh parallel-checkout: add tests related to path collisions parallel-checkout: add tests for basic operations checkout-index: add parallel checkout support builtin/checkout.c: complete parallel checkout support make_transient_cache_entry(): optionally alloc from mem_pool
2021-05-11Merge branch 'jk/symlinked-dotgitx-cleanup'Junio C Hamano
Various test and documentation updates about .gitsomething paths that are symlinks. * jk/symlinked-dotgitx-cleanup: docs: document symlink restrictions for dot-files fsck: warn about symlinked dotfiles we'll open with O_NOFOLLOW t0060: test ntfs/hfs-obscured dotfiles t7450: test .gitmodules symlink matching against obscured names t7450: test verify_path() handling of gitmodules t7415: rename to expand scope fsck_tree(): wrap some long lines fsck_tree(): fix shadowed variable t7415: remove out-dated comment about translation
2021-05-07Merge branch 'mt/add-rm-in-sparse-checkout'Junio C Hamano
"git add" and "git rm" learned not to touch those paths that are outside of sparse checkout. * mt/add-rm-in-sparse-checkout: rm: honor sparse checkout patterns add: warn when asked to update SKIP_WORKTREE entries refresh_index(): add flag to ignore SKIP_WORKTREE entries pathspec: allow to ignore SKIP_WORKTREE entries on index matching add: make --chmod and --renormalize honor sparse checkouts t3705: add tests for `git add` in sparse checkouts add: include magic part of pathspec on --refresh error
2021-05-05make_transient_cache_entry(): optionally alloc from mem_poolMatheus Tavares
Allow make_transient_cache_entry() to optionally receive a mem_pool struct in which it should allocate the entry. This will be used in the following patch, to store some transient entries which should persist until parallel checkout finishes. Signed-off-by: Matheus Tavares <matheus.bernardino@usp.br> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-05-04t0060: test ntfs/hfs-obscured dotfilesJeff King
We have tests that cover various filesystem-specific spellings of ".gitmodules", because we need to reliably identify that path for some security checks. These are from dc2d9ba318 (is_{hfs,ntfs}_dotgitmodules: add tests, 2018-05-12), with the actual code coming from e7cb0b4455 (is_ntfs_dotgit: match other .git files, 2018-05-11) and 0fc333ba20 (is_hfs_dotgit: match other .git files, 2018-05-02). Those latter two commits also added similar matching functions for .gitattributes and .gitignore. These ended up not being used in the final series, and are currently dead code. But in preparation for them being used in some fsck checks, let's make sure they actually work by throwing a few basic tests at them. Likewise, let's cover .mailmap (which does need matching code added). I didn't bother with the whole battery of tests that we cover for .gitmodules. These functions are all based on the same generic matcher, so it's sufficient to test most of the corner cases just once. Note that the ntfs magic prefix names in the tests come from the algorithm described in e7cb0b4455 (and are different for each file). Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-04-30Merge branch 'ds/sparse-index-protections'Junio C Hamano
Builds on top of the sparse-index infrastructure to mark operations that are not ready to mark with the sparse index, causing them to fall back on fully-populated index that they always have worked with. * ds/sparse-index-protections: (47 commits) name-hash: use expand_to_path() sparse-index: expand_to_path() name-hash: don't add directories to name_hash revision: ensure full index resolve-undo: ensure full index read-cache: ensure full index pathspec: ensure full index merge-recursive: ensure full index entry: ensure full index dir: ensure full index update-index: ensure full index stash: ensure full index rm: ensure full index merge-index: ensure full index ls-files: ensure full index grep: ensure full index fsck: ensure full index difftool: ensure full index commit: ensure full index checkout: ensure full index ...
2021-04-14cache: move ensure_full_index() to cache.hDerrick Stolee
Soon we will insert ensure_full_index() calls across the codebase. Instead of also adding include statements for sparse-index.h, let's just use the fact that anything that cares about the index already has cache.h in its includes. Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com> Reviewed-by: Elijah Newren <newren@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-04-14*: remove 'const' qualifier for struct index_stateDerrick Stolee
Several methods specify that they take a 'struct index_state' pointer with the 'const' qualifier because they intend to only query the data, not change it. However, we will be introducing a step very low in the method stack that might modify a sparse-index to become a full index in the case that our queries venture inside a sparse-directory entry. This change only removes the 'const' qualifiers that are necessary for the following change which will actually modify the implementation of index_name_stage_pos(). Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com> Reviewed-by: Elijah Newren <newren@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-04-08refresh_index(): add flag to ignore SKIP_WORKTREE entriesMatheus Tavares
refresh_index() doesn't update SKIP_WORKTREE entries, but it still matches them against the given pathspecs, marks the matches on the seen[] array, check if unmerged, etc. In the following patch, one caller will need refresh_index() to ignore SKIP_WORKTREE entries entirely, so add a flag that implements this behavior. While we are here, also realign the REFRESH_* flags and convert the hex values to the more natural bit shift format, which makes it easier to spot holes. Signed-off-by: Matheus Tavares <matheus.bernardino@usp.br> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-04-02Merge branch 'mt/parallel-checkout-part-1'Junio C Hamano
Preparatory API changes for parallel checkout. * mt/parallel-checkout-part-1: entry: add checkout_entry_ca() taking preloaded conv_attrs entry: move conv_attrs lookup up to checkout_entry() entry: extract update_ce_after_write() from write_entry() entry: make fstat_output() and read_blob_entry() public entry: extract a header file for entry.c functions convert: add classification for conv_attrs struct convert: add get_stream_filter_ca() variant convert: add [async_]convert_to_working_tree_ca() variants convert: make convert_attrs() and convert structs public
2021-03-30Merge branch 'ab/read-tree'Junio C Hamano
Code simplification by removing support for a caller that is long gone. * ab/read-tree: tree.h API: simplify read_tree_recursive() signature tree.h API: expose read_tree_1() as read_tree_at() archive: stop passing "stage" through read_tree_recursive() ls-files: refactor away read_tree() ls-files: don't needlessly pass around stage variable tree.c API: move read_tree() into builtin/ls-files.c ls-files tests: add meaningful --with-tree tests show tests: add test for "git show <tree>"
2021-03-30Merge branch 'mt/checkout-remove-nofollow'Junio C Hamano
When "git checkout" removes a path that does not exist in the commit it is checking out, it wasn't careful enough not to follow symbolic links, which has been corrected. * mt/checkout-remove-nofollow: checkout: don't follow symlinks when removing entries symlinks: update comment on threaded_check_leading_path()
2021-03-30sparse-index: add index.sparse config optionDerrick Stolee
When enabled, this config option signals that index writes should attempt to use sparse-directory entries. Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-03-30sparse-index: convert from full to sparseDerrick Stolee
If we have a full index, then we can convert it to a sparse index by replacing directories outside of the sparse cone with sparse directory entries. The convert_to_sparse() method does this, when the situation is appropriate. For now, we avoid converting the index to a sparse index if: 1. the index is split. 2. the index is already sparse. 3. sparse-checkout is disabled. 4. sparse-checkout does not use cone mode. Finally, we currently limit the conversion to when the GIT_TEST_SPARSE_INDEX environment variable is enabled. A mode using Git config will be added in a later change. The trickiest thing about this conversion is that we might not be able to mark a directory as a sparse directory just because it is outside the sparse cone. There might be unmerged files within that directory, so we need to look for those. Also, if there is some strange reason why a file is not marked with CE_SKIP_WORKTREE, then we should give up on converting that directory. There is still hope that some of its subdirectories might be able to convert to sparse, so we keep looking deeper. The conversion process is assisted by the cache-tree extension. This is calculated from the full index if it does not already exist. We then abandon the cache-tree as it no longer applies to the newly-sparse index. Thus, this cache-tree will be recalculated in every sparse-full-sparse round-trip until we integrate the cache-tree extension with the sparse index. Some Git commands use the index after writing it. For example, 'git add' will update the index, then write it to disk, then read its entries to report information. To keep the in-memory index in a full state after writing, we re-expand it to a full one after the write. This is wasteful for commands that only write the index and do not read from it again, but that is only the case until we make those commands "sparse aware." We can compare the behavior of the sparse-index in t1092-sparse-checkout-compability.sh by using GIT_TEST_SPARSE_INDEX=1 when operating on the 'sparse-index' repo. We can also compare the two sparse repos directly, such as comparing their indexes (when expanded to full in the case of the 'sparse-index' repo). We also verify that the index is actually populated with sparse directory entries. The 'checkout and reset (mixed)' test is marked for failure when comparing a sparse repo to a full repo, but we can compare the two sparse-checkout cases directly to ensure that we are not changing the behavior when using a sparse index. Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-03-30sparse-checkout: hold pattern list in indexDerrick Stolee
As we modify the sparse-checkout definition, we perform index operations on a pattern_list that only exists in-memory. This allows easy backing out in case the index update fails. However, if the index write itself cares about the sparse-checkout pattern set, we need access to that in-memory copy. Place a pointer to a 'struct pattern_list' in the index so we can access this on-demand. This will be used in the next change which uses the sparse-checkout definition to filter out directories that are outside the sparse cone. Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-03-30sparse-index: implement ensure_full_index()Derrick Stolee
We will mark an in-memory index_state as having sparse directory entries with the sparse_index bit. These currently cannot exist, but we will add a mechanism for collapsing a full index to a sparse one in a later change. That will happen at write time, so we must first allow parsing the format before writing it. Commands or methods that require a full index in order to operate can call ensure_full_index() to expand that index in-memory. This requires parsing trees using that index's repository. Sparse directory entries have a specific 'ce_mode' value. The macro S_ISSPARSEDIR(ce->ce_mode) can check if a cache_entry 'ce' has this type. This ce_mode is not possible with the existing index formats, so we don't also verify all properties of a sparse-directory entry, which are: 1. ce->ce_mode == 0040000 2. ce->flags & CE_SKIP_WORKTREE is true 3. ce->name[ce->namelen - 1] == '/' (ends in dir separator) 4. ce->oid references a tree object. These are all semi-enforced in ensure_full_index() to some extent. Any deviation will cause a warning at minimum or a failure in the worst case. Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-03-23entry: extract a header file for entry.c functionsMatheus Tavares
The declarations of entry.c's public functions and structures currently reside in cache.h. Although not many, they contribute to the size of cache.h and, when changed, cause the unnecessary recompilation of modules that don't really use these functions. So let's move them to a new entry.h header. While at it let's also move a comment related to checkout_entry() from entry.c to entry.h as it's more useful to describe the function there. Original-patch-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclouds@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclouds@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Matheus Tavares <matheus.bernardino@usp.br> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-03-20tree.c API: move read_tree() into builtin/ls-files.cÆvar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
Since the read_tree() API was added around the same time as read_tree_recursive() in 94537c78a82 (Move "read_tree()" to "tree.c"[...], 2005-04-22) and b12ec373b8e ([PATCH] Teach read-tree about commit objects, 2005-04-20) things have gradually migrated over to the read_tree_recursive() version. Now builtin/ls-files.c is the last user of this code, let's move all the relevant code there. This allows for subsequent simplification of it, and an eventual move to read_tree_recursive(). Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-03-18checkout: don't follow symlinks when removing entriesMatheus Tavares
At 1d718a5108 ("do not overwrite untracked symlinks", 2011-02-20), symlink.c:check_leading_path() started returning different codes for FL_ENOENT and FL_SYMLINK. But one of its callers, unlink_entry(), was not adjusted for this change, so it started to follow symlinks on the leading path of to-be-removed entries. Fix that and add a regression test. Note that since 1d718a5108 check_leading_path() no longer differentiates the case where it found a symlink in the path's leading components from the cases where it found a regular file or failed to lstat() the component. So, a side effect of this current patch is that unlink_entry() now returns early in all of these three cases. And because we no longer try to unlink such paths, we also don't get the warning from remove_or_warn(). For the regular file and symlink cases, it's questionable whether the warning was useful in the first place: unlink_entry() removes tracked paths that should no longer be present in the state we are checking out to. If the path had its leading dir replaced by another file, it means that the basename already doesn't exist, so there is no need for a warning. Sure, we are leaving a regular file or symlink behind at the path's dirname, but this file is either untracked now (so again, no need to warn), or it will be replaced by a tracked file during the next phase of this checkout operation. As for failing to lstat() one of the leading components, the basename might still exist only we cannot unlink it (e.g. due to the lack of the required permissions). Since the user expect it to be removed (especially with checkout's --no-overlay option), add back the warning in this more relevant case. Signed-off-by: Matheus Tavares <matheus.bernardino@usp.br> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-03-09Sync with Git 2.30.2 for CVE-2021-21300Junio C Hamano
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-02-12Sync with 2.29.3Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.29: Git 2.29.3 Git 2.28.1 Git 2.27.1 Git 2.26.3 Git 2.25.5 Git 2.24.4 Git 2.23.4 Git 2.22.5 Git 2.21.4 Git 2.20.5 Git 2.19.6 Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.28.1Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.28: Git 2.28.1 Git 2.27.1 Git 2.26.3 Git 2.25.5 Git 2.24.4 Git 2.23.4 Git 2.22.5 Git 2.21.4 Git 2.20.5 Git 2.19.6 Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.27.1Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.27: Git 2.27.1 Git 2.26.3 Git 2.25.5 Git 2.24.4 Git 2.23.4 Git 2.22.5 Git 2.21.4 Git 2.20.5 Git 2.19.6 Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.26.3Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.26: Git 2.26.3 Git 2.25.5 Git 2.24.4 Git 2.23.4 Git 2.22.5 Git 2.21.4 Git 2.20.5 Git 2.19.6 Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.25.5Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.25: Git 2.25.5 Git 2.24.4 Git 2.23.4 Git 2.22.5 Git 2.21.4 Git 2.20.5 Git 2.19.6 Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.24.4Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.24: Git 2.24.4 Git 2.23.4 Git 2.22.5 Git 2.21.4 Git 2.20.5 Git 2.19.6 Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.23.4Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.23: Git 2.23.4 Git 2.22.5 Git 2.21.4 Git 2.20.5 Git 2.19.6 Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.22.5Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.22: Git 2.22.5 Git 2.21.4 Git 2.20.5 Git 2.19.6 Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.21.4Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.21: Git 2.21.4 Git 2.20.5 Git 2.19.6 Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.20.5Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.20: Git 2.20.5 Git 2.19.6 Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.19.6Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.19: Git 2.19.6 Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.18.5Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.18: Git 2.18.5 Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12Sync with 2.17.6Johannes Schindelin
* maint-2.17: Git 2.17.6 unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
2021-02-12checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading pathMatheus Tavares
Before checking out a file, we have to confirm that all of its leading components are real existing directories. And to reduce the number of lstat() calls in this process, we cache the last leading path known to contain only directories. However, when a path collision occurs (e.g. when checking out case-sensitive files in case-insensitive file systems), a cached path might have its file type changed on disk, leaving the cache on an invalid state. Normally, this doesn't bring any bad consequences as we usually check out files in index order, and therefore, by the time the cached path becomes outdated, we no longer need it anyway (because all files in that directory would have already been written). But, there are some users of the checkout machinery that do not always follow the index order. In particular: checkout-index writes the paths in the same order that they appear on the CLI (or stdin); and the delayed checkout feature -- used when a long-running filter process replies with "status=delayed" -- postpones the checkout of some entries, thus modifying the checkout order. When we have to check out an out-of-order entry and the lstat() cache is invalid (due to a previous path collision), checkout_entry() may end up using the invalid data and thrusting that the leading components are real directories when, in reality, they are not. In the best case scenario, where the directory was replaced by a regular file, the user will get an error: "fatal: unable to create file 'foo/bar': Not a directory". But if the directory was replaced by a symlink, checkout could actually end up following the symlink and writing the file at a wrong place, even outside the repository. Since delayed checkout is affected by this bug, it could be used by an attacker to write arbitrary files during the clone of a maliciously crafted repository. Some candidate solutions considered were to disable the lstat() cache during unordered checkouts or sort the entries before passing them to the checkout machinery. But both ideas include some performance penalty and they don't future-proof the code against new unordered use cases. Instead, we now manually reset the lstat cache whenever we successfully remove a directory. Note: We are not even checking whether the directory was the same as the lstat cache points to because we might face a scenario where the paths refer to the same location but differ due to case folding, precomposed UTF-8 issues, or the presence of `..` components in the path. Two regression tests, with case-collisions and utf8-collisions, are also added for both checkout-index and delayed checkout. Note: to make the previously mentioned clone attack unfeasible, it would be sufficient to reset the lstat cache only after the remove_subtree() call inside checkout_entry(). This is the place where we would remove a directory whose path collides with the path of another entry that we are currently trying to check out (possibly a symlink). However, in the interest of a thorough fix that does not leave Git open to similar-but-not-identical attack vectors, we decided to intercept all `rmdir()` calls in one fell swoop. This addresses CVE-2021-21300. Co-authored-by: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Matheus Tavares <matheus.bernardino@usp.br>
2021-02-10Merge branch 'ds/more-index-cleanups'Junio C Hamano
Cleaning various codepaths up. * ds/more-index-cleanups: t1092: test interesting sparse-checkout scenarios test-lib: test_region looks for trace2 regions sparse-checkout: load sparse-checkout patterns name-hash: use trace2 regions for init repository: add repo reference to index_state fsmonitor: de-duplicate BUG()s around dirty bits cache-tree: extract subtree_pos() cache-tree: simplify verify_cache() prototype cache-tree: clean up cache_tree_update()
2021-01-25Merge branch 'ps/config-env-pairs'Junio C Hamano
Introduce two new ways to feed configuration variable-value pairs via environment variables, and tweak the way GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS encodes variable/value pairs to make it more robust. * ps/config-env-pairs: config: allow specifying config entries via envvar pairs environment: make `getenv_safe()` a public function config: store "git -c" variables using more robust format config: parse more robust format in GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS config: extract function to parse config pairs quote: make sq_dequote_step() a public function config: add new way to pass config via `--config-env` git: add `--super-prefix` to usage string
2021-01-24repository: add repo reference to index_stateDerrick Stolee
It will be helpful to add behavior to index operations that might trigger an object lookup. Since each index belongs to a specific repository, add a 'repo' pointer to struct index_state that allows access to this repository. Add a BUG() statement if the repo already has an index, and the index already has a repo, but somehow the index points to a different repo. This will prevent future changes from needing to pass an additional 'struct repository *repo' parameter and instead rely only on the 'struct index_state *istate' parameter. Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2021-01-15Merge branch 'bc/rev-parse-path-format'Junio C Hamano
"git rev-parse" can be explicitly told to give output as absolute or relative path with the `--path-format=(absolute|relative)` option. * bc/rev-parse-path-format: rev-parse: add option for absolute or relative path formatting abspath: add a function to resolve paths with missing components
2021-01-15config: allow specifying config entries via envvar pairsPatrick Steinhardt
While we currently have the `GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS` environment variable which can be used to pass runtime configuration data to git processes, it's an internal implementation detail and not supposed to be used by end users. Next to being for internal use only, this way of passing config entries has a major downside: the config keys need to be parsed as they contain both key and value in a single variable. As such, it is left to the user to escape any potentially harmful characters in the value, which is quite hard to do if values are controlled by a third party. This commit thus adds a new way of adding config entries via the environment which gets rid of this shortcoming. If the user passes the `GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=$n` environment variable, Git will parse environment variable pairs `GIT_CONFIG_KEY_$i` and `GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_$i` for each `i` in `[0,n)`. While the same can be achieved with `git -c <name>=<value>`, one may wish to not do so for potentially sensitive information. E.g. if one wants to set `http.extraHeader` to contain an authentication token, doing so via `-c` would trivially leak those credentials via e.g. ps(1), which typically also shows command arguments. Signed-off-by: Patrick Steinhardt <ps@pks.im> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2020-12-17Merge branch 'jk/oid-array-cleanup'Junio C Hamano
Code clean-up. * jk/oid-array-cleanup: commit-graph: use size_t for array allocation and indexing commit-graph: replace packed_oid_list with oid_array commit-graph: drop count_distinct_commits() function oid-array: provide a for-loop iterator oid-array: make sort function public cache.h: move hash/oid functions to hash.h t0064: make duplicate tests more robust t0064: drop sha1 mention from filename oid-array.h: drop sha1 mention from header guard
2020-12-13abspath: add a function to resolve paths with missing componentsbrian m. carlson
Currently, we have a function to resolve paths, strbuf_realpath. This function canonicalizes paths like realpath(3), but permits a trailing component to be absent from the file system. In other words, this is the behavior of the GNU realpath(1) without any arguments. In the future, we'll need this same behavior, except that we want to allow for any number of missing trailing components, which is the behavior of GNU realpath(1) with the -m option. This is useful because we'll want to canonicalize a path that may point to a not yet present path under the .git directory. For example, a user may want to know where an arbitrary ref would be stored if it existed in the file system. Let's refactor strbuf_realpath to move most of the code to an internal function and then pass it two flags to control its behavior. We'll add a strbuf_realpath_forgiving function that has our new behavior, and leave strbuf_realpath with the older, stricter behavior. Signed-off-by: brian m. carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2020-12-08Merge branch 'mt/do-not-use-scld-in-working-tree'Junio C Hamano
"git apply" adjusted the permission bits of working-tree files and directories according core.sharedRepository setting by mistake and for a long time, which has been corrected. * mt/do-not-use-scld-in-working-tree: apply: don't use core.sharedRepository to create working tree files
2020-12-04cache.h: move hash/oid functions to hash.hJeff King
We define git_hash_algo and object_id in hash.h, but most of the utility functions are declared in the main cache.h. Let's move them to hash.h along with their struct definitions. This cleans up cache.h a bit, but also avoids circular dependencies when other headers need to know about these functions (e.g., if oid-array.h were to have an inline that used oideq(), it couldn't include cache.h because it is itself included by cache.h). No including C files should be affected, because hash.h is always included in cache.h already. We do have to mention repository.h at the top of hash.h, though, since we depend on the_repository in some of our inline functions. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2020-12-02apply: don't use core.sharedRepository to create working tree filesMatheus Tavares
core.sharedRepository defines which permissions Git should set when creating files in $GIT_DIR, so that the repository may be shared with other users. But (in its current form) the setting shouldn't affect how files are created in the working tree. This is not respected by apply and am (which uses apply), when creating leading directories: $ cat d.patch diff --git a/d/f b/d/f new file mode 100644 index 0000000..e69de29 Apply without the setting: $ umask 0077 $ git apply d.patch $ ls -ld d drwx------ Apply with the setting: $ umask 0077 $ git -c core.sharedRepository=0770 apply d.patch $ ls -ld d drwxrws--- Only the leading directories are affected. That's because they are created with safe_create_leading_directories(), which calls adjust_shared_perm() to set the directories' permissions based on core.sharedRepository. To fix that, let's introduce a variant of this function that ignores the setting, and use it in apply. Also add a regression test and a note in the function documentation about the use of each variant according to the destination (working tree or git dir). Signed-off-by: Matheus Tavares <matheus.bernardino@usp.br> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>