path: root/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
AgeCommit message (Collapse)Author
2021-03-24Merge branch 'tb/geometric-repack'Junio C Hamano
"git repack" so far has been only capable of repacking everything under the sun into a single pack (or split by size). A cleverer strategy to reduce the cost of repacking a repository has been introduced. * tb/geometric-repack: builtin/pack-objects.c: ignore missing links with --stdin-packs builtin/repack.c: reword comment around pack-objects flags builtin/repack.c: be more conservative with unsigned overflows builtin/repack.c: assign pack split later t7703: test --geometric repack with loose objects builtin/repack.c: do not repack single packs with --geometric builtin/repack.c: add '--geometric' option packfile: add kept-pack cache for find_kept_pack_entry() builtin/pack-objects.c: rewrite honor-pack-keep logic p5303: measure time to repack with keep p5303: add missing &&-chains builtin/pack-objects.c: add '--stdin-packs' option revision: learn '--no-kept-objects' packfile: introduce 'find_kept_pack_entry()'
2021-02-23builtin/pack-objects.c: add '--stdin-packs' optionTaylor Blau
In an upcoming commit, 'git repack' will want to create a pack comprised of all of the objects in some packs (the included packs) excluding any objects in some other packs (the excluded packs). This caller could iterate those packs themselves and feed the objects it finds to 'git pack-objects' directly over stdin, but this approach has a few downsides: - It requires every caller that wants to drive 'git pack-objects' in this way to implement pack iteration themselves. This forces the caller to think about details like what order objects are fed to pack-objects, which callers would likely rather not do. - If the set of objects in included packs is large, it requires sending a lot of data over a pipe, which is inefficient. - The caller is forced to keep track of the excluded objects, too, and make sure that it doesn't send any objects that appear in both included and excluded packs. But the biggest downside is the lack of a reachability traversal. Because the caller passes in a list of objects directly, those objects don't get a namehash assigned to them, which can have a negative impact on the delta selection process, causing 'git pack-objects' to fail to find good deltas even when they exist. The caller could formulate a reachability traversal themselves, but the only way to drive 'git pack-objects' in this way is to do a full traversal, and then remove objects in the excluded packs after the traversal is complete. This can be detrimental to callers who care about performance, especially in repositories with many objects. Introduce 'git pack-objects --stdin-packs' which remedies these four concerns. 'git pack-objects --stdin-packs' expects a list of pack names on stdin, where 'pack-xyz.pack' denotes that pack as included, and '^pack-xyz.pack' denotes it as excluded. The resulting pack includes all objects that are present in at least one included pack, and aren't present in any excluded pack. To address the delta selection problem, 'git pack-objects --stdin-packs' works as follows. First, it assembles a list of objects that it is going to pack, as above. Then, a reachability traversal is started, whose tips are any commits mentioned in included packs. Upon visiting an object, we find its corresponding object_entry in the to_pack list, and set its namehash parameter appropriately. To avoid the traversal visiting more objects than it needs to, the traversal is halted upon encountering an object which can be found in an excluded pack (by marking the excluded packs as kept in-core, and passing --no-kept-objects=in-core to the revision machinery). This can cause the traversal to halt early, for example if an object in an included pack is an ancestor of ones in excluded packs. But stopping early is OK, since filling in the namehash fields of objects in the to_pack list is only additive (i.e., having it helps the delta selection process, but leaving it blank doesn't impact the correctness of the resulting pack). Even still, it is unlikely that this hurts us much in practice, since the 'git repack --geometric' caller (which is introduced in a later commit) marks small packs as included, and large ones as excluded. During ordinary use, the small packs usually represent pushes after a large repack, and so are unlikely to be ancestors of objects that already exist in the repository. (I found it convenient while developing this patch to have 'git pack-objects' report the number of objects which were visited and got their namehash fields filled in during traversal. This is also included in the below patch via trace2 data lines). Suggested-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Taylor Blau <> Reviewed-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2021-02-22doc: mention bigFileThreshold for packingChristian Walther
Knowing about the core.bigFileThreshold configuration variable is helpful when examining pack file size differences between repositories. Add a reference to it to the manpages a user is likely to read in this situation. Capitalize CONFIGURATION for consistency with other pages having such a section. Signed-off-by: Christian Walther <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2020-08-06pack-objects: no fetch when allow-{any,promisor}Jonathan Tan
The options --missing=allow-{any,promisor} were introduced in caf3827e2f ("rev-list: add list-objects filtering support", 2017-11-22) with the following note in the commit message: This patch introduces handling of missing objects to help debugging and development of the "partial clone" mechanism, and once the mechanism is implemented, for a power user to perform operations that are missing-object aware without incurring the cost of checking if a missing link is expected. The idea that these options are missing-object aware (and thus do not need to lazily fetch objects, unlike unaware commands that assume that all objects are present) are assumed in later commits such as 07ef3c6604 ("fetch test: use more robust test for filtered objects", 2020-01-15). However, the current implementations of these options use has_object_file(), which indeed lazily fetches missing objects. Teach these implementations not to do so. Also, update the documentation of these options to be clearer. Signed-off-by: Jonathan Tan <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2020-03-20config: set pack.useSparse=true by defaultDerrick Stolee
The pack.useSparse config option was introduced by 3d036eb0 (pack-objects: create pack.useSparse setting, 2019-01-19) and was first available in v2.21.0. When enabled, the pack-objects process during 'git push' will use a sparse tree walk when deciding which trees and blobs to send to the remote. The algorithm was introduced by d5d2e93 (revision: implement sparse algorithm, 2019-01-16) and has been in production use by VFS for Git since around that time. The features.experimental config option also enabled pack.useSparse, so hopefully that has also increased exposure. It is worth noting that pack.useSparse has a possibility of sending more objects across a push, but requires a special arrangement of exact _copies_ across directories. There is a test in that demonstrates this possibility. This test uses the --sparse option to "git pack-objects" but we can make it implied by the config value to demonstrate that the default value has changed. While updating that test, I noticed that the documentation did not include an option for --no-sparse, which is now more important than it was before. Since the downside is unlikely but the upside is significant, set the default value of pack.useSparse to true. Remove it from the set of options implied by features.experimental. Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2019-08-12doc: fix repeated wordsMark Rushakoff
Inspired by 21416f0a07 ("restore: fix typo in docs", 2019-08-03), I ran "git grep -E '(\b[a-zA-Z]+) \1\b' -- Documentation/" to find other cases where words were duplicated, e.g. "the the", and in most cases removed one of the repeated words. There were many false positives by this grep command, including deliberate repeated words like "really really" or valid uses of "that that" which I left alone, of course. I also did not correct any of the legitimate, accidentally repeated words in old RelNotes. Signed-off-by: Mark Rushakoff <> Acked-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2019-01-17list-objects: consume sparse tree walkDerrick Stolee
When creating a pack-file using 'git pack-objects --revs' we provide a list of interesting and uninteresting commits. For example, a push operation would make the local topic branch be interesting and the known remote refs as uninteresting. We want to discover the set of new objects to send to the server as a thin pack. We walk these commits until we discover a frontier of commits such that every commit walk starting at interesting commits ends in a root commit or unintersting commit. We then need to discover which non-commit objects are reachable from uninteresting commits. This commit walk is not changing during this series. The mark_edges_uninteresting() method in list-objects.c iterates on the commit list and does the following: * If the commit is UNINTERSTING, then mark its root tree and every object it can reach as UNINTERESTING. * If the commit is interesting, then mark the root tree of every UNINTERSTING parent (and all objects that tree can reach) as UNINTERSTING. At the very end, we repeat the process on every commit directly given to the revision walk from stdin. This helps ensure we properly cover shallow commits that otherwise were not included in the frontier. The logic to recursively follow trees is in the mark_tree_uninteresting() method in revision.c. The algorithm avoids duplicate work by not recursing into trees that are already marked UNINTERSTING. Add a new 'sparse' option to the mark_edges_uninteresting() method that performs this logic in a slightly different way. As we iterate over the commits, we add all of the root trees to an oidset. Then, call mark_trees_uninteresting_sparse() on that oidset. Note that we include interesting trees in this process. The current implementation of mark_trees_unintersting_sparse() will walk the same trees as the old logic, but this will be replaced in a later change. Add a '--sparse' flag in 'git pack-objects' to call this new logic. Add a new test script t/ that tests this option. The tests currently demonstrate that the resulting object list is the same as the old algorithm. This includes a case where both algorithms pack an object that is not needed by a remote due to limits on the explored set of trees. When the sparse algorithm is changed in a later commit, we will add a test that demonstrates a change of behavior in some cases. Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-08-16pack-objects: add delta-islands supportJeff King
Implement support for delta islands in git pack-objects and document how delta islands work in "Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt" and Documentation/config.txt. This allows users to setup delta islands in their config and get the benefit of less disk usage while cloning and fetching is still quite fast and not much more CPU intensive. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Christian Couder <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-05-23Merge branch 'nd/pack-unreachable-objects-doc'Junio C Hamano
Doc update. * nd/pack-unreachable-objects-doc: pack-objects: validation and documentation about unreachable options
2018-05-23Merge branch 'nd/pack-objects-pack-struct'Junio C Hamano
"git pack-objects" needs to allocate tons of "struct object_entry" while doing its work, and shrinking its size helps the performance quite a bit. * nd/pack-objects-pack-struct: ci: exercise the whole test suite with uncommon code in pack-objects pack-objects: reorder members to shrink struct object_entry pack-objects: shrink delta_size field in struct object_entry pack-objects: shrink size field in struct object_entry pack-objects: clarify the use of object_entry::size pack-objects: don't check size when the object is bad pack-objects: shrink z_delta_size field in struct object_entry pack-objects: refer to delta objects by index instead of pointer pack-objects: move in_pack out of struct object_entry pack-objects: move in_pack_pos out of struct object_entry pack-objects: use bitfield for object_entry::depth pack-objects: use bitfield for object_entry::dfs_state pack-objects: turn type and in_pack_type to bitfields pack-objects: a bit of document about struct object_entry read-cache.c: make $GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX boolean
2018-05-06pack-objects: validation and documentation about unreachable optionsNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
These options are added in [1] [2] [3]. All these depend on running rev-list internally which is normally true since they are always used with "--all --objects" which implies --revs. But let's keep this dependency explicit. While at there, add documentation for them. These are mostly used internally by git-repack. But it's still good to not chase down the right commit message to know how they work. [1] ca11b212eb (let pack-objects do the writing of unreachable objects as loose objects - 2008-05-14) [2] 08cdfb1337 (pack-objects --keep-unreachable - 2007-09-16) [3] e26a8c4721 (repack: extend --keep-unreachable to loose objects - 2016-06-13) Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Reviewed-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-04-16repack: add --keep-pack optionNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
We allow to keep existing packs by having companion .keep files. This is helpful when a pack is permanently kept. In the next patch, git-gc just wants to keep a pack temporarily, for one pack-objects run. git-gc can use --keep-pack for this use case. A note about why the pack_keep field cannot be reused and pack_keep_in_core has to be added. This is about the case when --keep-pack is specified together with either --keep-unreachable or --unpack-unreachable, but --honor-pack-keep is NOT specified. In this case, we want to exclude objects from the packs specified on command line, not from ones with .keep files. If only one bit flag is used, we have to clear pack_keep on pack files with the .keep file. But we can't make any assumption about unreachable objects in .keep packs. If "pack_keep" field is false for .keep packs, we could potentially pull lots of unreachable objects into the new pack, or unpack them loose. The safer approach is ignore all packs with either .keep file or --keep-pack. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2018-04-16pack-objects: use bitfield for object_entry::depthNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
Because of struct packing from now on we can only handle max depth 4095 (or even lower when new booleans are added in this struct). This should be ok since long delta chain will cause significant slow down anyway. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-12-08gc: do not repack promisor packfilesJonathan Tan
Teach gc to stop traversal at promisor objects, and to leave promisor packfiles alone. This has the effect of only repacking non-promisor packfiles, and preserves the distinction between promisor packfiles and non-promisor packfiles. Signed-off-by: Jonathan Tan <> Signed-off-by: Jeff Hostetler <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-12-05list-objects-filter-options: support --no-filterJeff Hostetler
Teach opt_parse_list_objects_filter() to take --no-filter option and to free the contents of struct filter_options. This command line argument will be automatically inherited by commands using OPT_PARSE_LIST_OBJECTS_FILTER(); this includes pack-objects. Signed-off-by: Jeff Hostetler <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-11-22pack-objects: add list-objects filteringJeff Hostetler
Teach pack-objects to use the filtering provided by the traverse_commit_list_filtered() interface to omit unwanted objects from the resulting packfile. Filtering requires the use of the "--stdout" option. Add t5317 test. In the future, we will introduce a "partial clone" mechanism wherein an object in a repo, obtained from a remote, may reference a missing object that can be dynamically fetched from that remote once needed. This "partial clone" mechanism will have a way, sometimes slow, of determining if a missing link is one of the links expected to be produced by this mechanism. This patch introduces handling of missing objects to help debugging and development of the "partial clone" mechanism, and once the mechanism is implemented, for a power user to perform operations that are missing-object aware without incurring the cost of checking if a missing link is expected. Signed-off-by: Jeff Hostetler <> Reviewed-by: Jonathan Tan <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-08-23Doc: clarify that pack-objects makes packs, pluralJonathan Tan
The documentation for pack-objects describes that it creates "a packed archive of objects", which is confusing because it may create multiple packs if --max-pack-size is set. Update the documentation to clarify this, and explaining in which cases such a feature would be useful. Signed-off-by: Jonathan Tan <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-08-10document git-repack interaction of pack.threads and pack.windowMemoryMichael Stahl
Signed-off-by: Michael Stahl <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-04-28pack-objects: warn on split packs disabling bitmapsEric Wong
It can be tempting for a server admin to want a stable set of long-lived packs for dumb clients; but also want to enable bitmaps to serve smart clients more quickly. Unfortunately, such a configuration is impossible; so at least warn users of this incompatibility since commit 21134714 (pack-objects: turn off bitmaps when we split packs, 2014-10-16). Tested the warning by inspecting the output of: make -C t GIT_TEST_OPTS=-v Signed-off-by: Eric Wong <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2015-05-13doc: convert \--option to --optionJeff King
Older versions of AsciiDoc would convert the "--" in "--option" into an emdash. According to 565e135 (Documentation: quote double-dash for AsciiDoc, 2011-06-29), this is fixed in AsciiDoc 8.3.0. According to bf17126, we don't support anything older than 8.4.1 anyway, so we no longer need to worry about quoting. Even though this does not change the output at all, there are a few good reasons to drop the quoting: 1. It makes the source prettier to read. 2. We don't quote consistently, which may be confusing when reading the source. 3. Asciidoctor does not like the quoting, and renders a literal backslash. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2014-12-29pack-objects: use --objects-edge-aggressive for shallow reposbrian m. carlson
When fetching into or pushing from a shallow repository, we want to aggressively mark edges as uninteresting, since this decreases the pack size. However, aggressively marking edges can negatively affect performance on large non-shallow repositories with lots of refs. Teach pack-objects a --shallow option to indicate that we're pushing from or fetching into a shallow repository. Use --objects-edge-aggressive only for shallow repositories and otherwise use --objects-edge, which performs better in the general case. Update the callers to pass the --shallow option when they are dealing with a shallow repository. Signed-off-by: brian m. carlson <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2014-03-11upload-pack: send shallow info over stdin to pack-objectsNguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy
Before cdab485 (upload-pack: delegate rev walking in shallow fetch to pack-objects - 2013-08-16) upload-pack does not write to the source repository. cdab485 starts to write $GIT_DIR/shallow_XXXXXX if it's a shallow fetch, so the source repo must be writable. git:// servers do not need write access to repos and usually don't have it, which means cdab485 breaks shallow clone over git:// Instead of using a temporary file as the media for shallow points, we can send them over stdin to pack-objects as well. Prepend shallow SHA-1 with --shallow so pack-objects knows what is what. Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2013-12-16pack-objects doc: treat output filename as opaqueJeff King
After 1190a1a (pack-objects: name pack files after trailer hash, 2013-12-05), the SHA-1 used to determine the filename is calculated differently. Update the documentation to not guarantee anything more than that the SHA-1 depends on the pack content somehow. Hopefully this will discourage readers from depending on the old or the new calculation. Reported-by: Michael Haggerty <> Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Nieder <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2013-04-15The name of the hash function is "SHA-1", not "SHA1"Thomas Ackermann
Use "SHA-1" instead of "SHA1" whenever we talk about the hash function. When used as a programming symbol, we keep "SHA1". Signed-off-by: Thomas Ackermann <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2013-02-01Documentation: the name of the system is 'Git', not 'git'Thomas Ackermann
Signed-off-by: Thomas Ackermann <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2011-04-13remove doubled words, e.g., s/to to/to/, and fix related typosJim Meyering
I found that some doubled words had snuck back into projects from which I'd already removed them, so now there's a "syntax-check" makefile rule in gnulib to help prevent recurrence. Running the command below spotted a few in git, too: git ls-files | xargs perl -0777 -n \ -e 'while (/\b(then?|[iao]n|i[fst]|but|f?or|at|and|[dt])\s+\1\b/gims)' \ -e '{$n=($` =~ tr/\n/\n/ + 1); ($v=$&)=~s/\n/\\n/g;' \ -e 'print "$ARGV:$n:$v\n"}' Signed-off-by: Jim Meyering <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2011-04-03Sync with C Hamano
2011-04-03Doc: mention --delta-base-offset is the default for Porcelain commandsJunio C Hamano
The underlying pack-objects plumbing command still needs an explicit option from the command line, but these days Porcelain passes the option, so there is no need for end users to worry about it anymore. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2011-03-30Merge branch 'maint'Junio C Hamano
* maint: contrib/thunderbird-patch-inline: do not require bash to run the script t8001: check the exit status of the command being tested strbuf.h: remove a tad stale docs-in-comment and reference api-doc instead Typos: t/README Documentation/config.txt: make truth value of numbers more explicit git-pack-objects.txt: fix grammatical errors parse-remote: replace unnecessary sed invocation
2011-03-30git-pack-objects.txt: fix grammatical errorsStephen Boyd
Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2011-03-11doc: drop author/documentation sections from most pagesJeff King
The point of these sections is generally to: 1. Give credit where it is due. 2. Give the reader an idea of where to ask questions or file bug reports. But they don't do a good job of either case. For (1), they are out of date and incomplete. A much more accurate answer can be gotten through shortlog or blame. For (2), the correct contact point is generally git@vger, and even if you wanted to cc the contact point, the out-of-date and incomplete fields mean you're likely sending to somebody useless. So let's drop the fields entirely from all manpages except git(1) itself. We already point people to the mailing list for bug reports there, and we can update the Authors section to give credit to the major contributors and point to shortlog and blame for more information. Each page has a "This is part of git" footer, so people can follow that to the main git manpage.
2010-10-08Use parentheses and `...' where appropriateŠtěpán Němec
Remove some stray usage of other bracket types and asterisks for the same purpose. Signed-off-by: Štěpán Němec <> Acked-by: Jonathan Nieder <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2010-10-08Use angles for placeholders consistentlyŠtěpán Němec
Signed-off-by: Štěpán Němec <> Acked-by: Jonathan Nieder <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2010-02-25pack-objects documentation: Fix --honor-pack-keep as well.Nelson Elhage
Signed-off-by: Nelson Elhage <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2010-02-24pack-objects documentation: reword "objects that appear in the standard input"Junio C Hamano
These were written back when we always read objects from the standard input. These days --revs and its friends can feed only the start and end points and have the command internally enumerate the objects. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2010-02-20Documentation: pack-objects: Clarify --local's semantics.Nelson Elhage
The current documentation suggests that --local also ignores any objects in local packs, which is incorrect. Change the language to be clearer and more parallel to the other options that ignore objects. While we're at it, fix a trivial error in --incremental's documentation. Signed-off-by: Nelson Elhage <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2010-02-19Documentation: describe --thin more accuratelyStephen Boyd
The description for --thin was misleading and downright wrong. Correct it with some inspiration from the description of index-pack's --fix-thin and some background information from Nicolas Pitre <>. Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2010-02-18docs: don't talk about $GIT_DIR/refs/ everywhereJeff King
It is misleading to say that we pull refs from $GIT_DIR/refs/*, because we may also consult the packed refs mechanism. These days we tend to treat the "refs hierarchy" as more of an abstract namespace that happens to be represented as $GIT_DIR/refs. At best, this is a minor inaccuracy, but at worst it can confuse users who then look in $GIT_DIR/refs and find that it is missing some of the refs they expected to see. This patch drops most uses of "$GIT_DIR/refs/*", changing them into just "refs/*", under the assumption that users can handle the concept of an abstract refs namespace. There are a few things to note: - most cases just dropped the $GIT_DIR/ portion. But for cases where that left _just_ the word "refs", I changed it to "refs/" to help indicate that it was a hierarchy. I didn't do the same for longer paths (e.g., "refs/heads" remained, instead of becoming "refs/heads/"). - in some cases, no change was made, as the text was explicitly about unpacked refs (e.g., the discussion in git-pack-refs). - In some cases it made sense instead to note the existence of packed refs (e.g., in check-ref-format and rev-parse). Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2010-02-04make --max-pack-size argument to 'git pack-object' count in bytesNicolas Pitre
The value passed to --max-pack-size used to count in MiB which was inconsistent with the corresponding configuration variable as well as other command arguments which are defined to count in bytes with an optional unit suffix. This brings --max-pack-size in line with the rest of Git. Also, in order not to cause havoc with people used to the previous megabyte scale, and because this is a sane thing to do anyway, a minimum size of 1 MiB is enforced to avoid an explosion of pack files. Adjust and extend test suite accordingly. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2010-01-10Documentation: spell 'git cmd' without dash throughoutThomas Rast
The documentation was quite inconsistent when spelling 'git cmd' if it only refers to the program, not to some specific invocation syntax: both 'git-cmd' and 'git cmd' spellings exist. The current trend goes towards dashless forms, and there is precedent in 647ac70 (git-svn.txt: stop using dash-form of commands., 2009-07-07) to actively eliminate the dashed variants. Replace 'git-cmd' with 'git cmd' throughout, except where git-shell, git-cvsserver, git-upload-pack, git-receive-pack, and git-upload-archive are concerned, because those really live in the $PATH.
2009-11-24pack-objects: split implications of --all-progress from progress activationNicolas Pitre
Currently the --all-progress flag is used to use force progress display during the writing object phase even if output goes to stdout which is primarily the case during a push operation. This has the unfortunate side effect of forcing progress display even if stderr is not a terminal. Let's introduce the --all-progress-implied argument which has the same intent except for actually forcing the activation of any progress display. With this, progress display will be automatically inhibited whenever stderr is not a terminal, or full progress display will be included otherwise. This should let people use 'git push' within a cron job without filling their logs with useless percentage displays. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <> Tested-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2009-07-24git repack: keep commits hidden by a graftJohannes Schindelin
When you have grafts that pretend that a given commit has different parents than the ones recorded in the commit object, it is dangerous to let 'git repack' remove those hidden parents, as you can easily remove the graft and end up with a broken repository. So let's play it safe and keep those parent objects and everything that is reachable by them, in addition to the grafted parents. As this behavior can only be triggered by git pack-objects, and as that command handles duplicate parents gracefully, we do not bother to cull duplicated parents that may result by using both true and grafted parents. Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2008-11-12pack-objects: extend --local to mean ignore non-local loose objects tooBrandon Casey
With this patch, --local means pack only local objects that are not already packed. Additionally, this fixes t7700 testing whether loose objects in an alternate object database are repacked. Signed-off-by: Brandon Casey <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2008-11-12pack-objects: new option --honor-pack-keepBrandon Casey
This adds a new option to pack-objects which will cause it to ignore an object which appears in a local pack which has a .keep file, even if it was specified for packing. This option will be used by the porcelain repack. Signed-off-by: Brandon Casey <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2008-07-05manpages: italicize git command names (which were in teletype font)Jonathan Nieder
The names of git commands are not meant to be entered at the commandline; they are just names. So we render them in italics, as is usual for command names in manpages. Using doit () { perl -e 'for (<>) { s/\`(git-[^\`.]*)\`/'\''\1'\''/g; print }' } for i in git*.txt config.txt diff*.txt blame*.txt fetch*.txt i18n.txt \ merge*.txt pretty*.txt pull*.txt rev*.txt urls*.txt do doit <"$i" >"$i+" && mv "$i+" "$i" done git diff . Signed-off-by: Jonathan Nieder <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2008-07-02Documentation formatting and cleanupJonathan Nieder
Following what appears to be the predominant style, format names of commands and commandlines both as `teletype text`. While we're at it, add articles ("a" and "the") in some places, italicize the name of the command in the manual page synopsis line, and add a comma or two where it seems appropriate. Signed-off-by: Jonathan Nieder <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2008-07-02Documentation: be consistent about "git-" versus "git "Jonathan Nieder
Since the git-* commands are not installed in $(bindir), using "git-command <parameters>" in examples in the documentation is not a good idea. On the other hand, it is nice to be able to refer to each command using one hyphenated word. (There is no escaping it, anyway: man page names cannot have spaces in them.) This patch retains the dash in naming an operation, command, program, process, or action. Complete command lines that can be entered at a shell (i.e., without options omitted) are made to use the dashless form. The changes consist only of replacing some spaces with hyphens and vice versa. After a "s/ /-/g", the unpatched and patched versions are identical. Signed-off-by: Jonathan Nieder <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2008-06-08Docs: Use "-l::\n--long\n" format in OPTIONS sectionsStephan Beyer
The OPTIONS section of a documentation file contains a list of the options a git command accepts. Currently there are several variants to describe the case that different options (almost) do the same in the OPTIONS section. Some are: -f, --foo:: -f|--foo:: -f | --foo:: But AsciiDoc has the special form: -f:: --foo:: This patch applies this form to the documentation of the whole git suite, and removes useless em-dash prevention, so \--foo becomes --foo. Signed-off-by: Stephan Beyer <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2008-06-06documentation: move git(7) to git(1)Christian Couder
As the "git" man page describes the "git" command at the end-user level, it seems better to move it to man section 1. Signed-off-by: Christian Couder <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2008-05-28Manual subsection to refer to other pages is SEE ALSOJunio C Hamano
Consistently say so in all caps as it is customary to do so. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>