AgeCommit message (Collapse)Author
2005-08-23Add placeholders for missing documents.Junio C Hamano
The text does not say anything interesting, but at least the author list should reflect something close to reality. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-23Introduce "reset type" flag to "git reset"Junio C Hamano
I have been feeling that the current behaviour of "git reset" is not quite optimal, but so far could not express exactly what I felt was wrong with it. This patch clarifies it. There are at least two situations you may want to "reset" your working tree. 1. You made a mess in your working tree. You want to switch back to a known good state and start over. This mess may be a result of your own editing, a merge that had too many conflicting changes that you do not feel like to resolve by hand at this moment, or a botched application of a patch you received from somewhere. In this case, you would want to have "git reset HEAD" reset the index file to the tree read from the HEAD commit and the files in the working tree to match index (i.e. "git status" should say "Nothing to commit", without any "unrecorded changes"). The current behaviour leaves the files in the working tree intact, which requires you to run "git checkout -f". Also you need to remember "rm -f" any files that the botched patch may have left in the working tree if the purpose of this "reset" is to attempt to apply it again; most likely the patch would fail if such a file is left behind. 2. You have discovered that commits you made earlier need to be reorganized. The simplest example is to undo the last commit, re-edit some files, and redo the commit. Another simple eample is to undo the last two commits, and commit the changes in those two commits as a single commit. In this case, you would want to have "git reset HEAD^" reset the $GIT_DIR/HEAD to the commit object name of the parent commit of the current commit (i.e. rewinding one commit), leave the index file and the files in the working tree in a state where you can easily make a commit that records a tree that resembles what you have in the current index file and the working tree. The current behaviour is almost OK for this purpose, except that you need to find which files you need to manually run "git add" yourself. They are files that are in the original HEAD commit and not in the commit you are resetting to. The default without the type flag is to do "--mixed", which is the current behaviour. $ git reset [ --hard | --soft | --mixed ] [ <commit-ish> ] A hard reset would be used for 1 and works in this way: (1) remember the set of paths that appear in the current index file (which may even have unmerged entries) and the current $GIT_DIR/HEAD commit. (2) "read-tree --reset" the specified <commit-ish> (default to HEAD), followed by "checkout-cache -f -u -a". (3) remove any files that appear in (1) but not in <commit-ish> from the working tree. (4) backup $GIT_DIR/HEAD to $GIT_DIR/ORIG_HEAD and update $GIT_DIR/HEAD with the specified <commit-ish>. (5) remove leftover $GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD A soft reset would be used for 2 and works in this way: (1) Make sure that the index file is merged and we do not have MERGE_HEAD; otherwise it does not make sense to do soft reset. (2) backup $GIT_DIR/HEAD to $GIT_DIR/ORIG_HEAD and update $GIT_DIR/HEAD with the specified <commit-ish>. Note that with the current behaviour, "git diff" is the way to see what could be committed immediately after "git reset". With the "soft reset" described here you would need to say "git diff HEAD" to find that out. I am not sure what mixed reset (the current behaviour) is good for. If nobody comes up with a good use case it may not be a bad idea to remove it. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-23Clean-up output from "git show-branch" and document it.Junio C Hamano
When showing only one branch a lot of default output becomes redundant, so clean it up a bit, and document what is shown. Retire the earlier implementation "git-show-branches-script". Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-23[PATCH] Add 'git show-branch'.Junio C Hamano
The 'git show-branches' command turns out to be reasonably useful, but painfully slow. So rewrite it in C, using ideas from merge-base while enhancing it a bit more. - Unlike show-branches, it can take --heads (show me all my heads), --tags (show me all my tags), or --all (both). - It can take --more=<number> to show beyond the merge-base. - It shows the short name for each commit in the extended SHA1 syntax. - It can find merge-base for more than two heads. Examples: $ git show-branch --more=6 HEAD is almost the same as "git log --pretty=oneline --max-count=6". $ git show-branch --merge-base master mhf misc finds the merge base of the three given heads. $ git show-branch master mhf misc shows logs from the top of these three branch heads, up to their common ancestor commit is shown. $ git show-branch --all --more=10 is poor-man's gitk, showing all the tags and heads, and going back 10 commits beyond the merge base of those refs. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-23[PATCH] Add a new extended SHA1 syntax <name>~<num>Junio C Hamano
The new notation is a short-hand for <name> followed by <num> caret ('^') characters. E.g. "master~4" is the fourth generation ancestor of the current "master" branch head, following the first parents; same as "master^^^^" but a bit more readable. This will be used in the updated "git show-branch" command. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-23Fix "git-diff-script A B"Junio C Hamano
When "git-diff-script A..B" notation was introduced, it ended up breaking the traditional two revisions notation. [jc: there are other issues with the current "git diff" I would like to address, but they would be left to later rounds. For example, -M and -p flags should not be hardcoded default, and it shouldn't be too hard to rewrite the script without using shell arrays.] Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-22[PATCH] git-ls-files: generalized pathspecsLinus Torvalds
This generalizes the git "glob" string to be a lot more like the git-diff-* pathspecs (but there are still differences: the diff family doesn't do any globbing, and because the diff family always generates the full native pathname, it doesn't have the issue with ".."). It does three things: - it allows multiple matching strings, ie you can do things like git-ls-files arch/i386/ include/asm-i386/ | xargs grep pattern - the "matching" criteria is a combination of "exact path component match" (the same as the git-diff-* family), and "fnmatch()". However, you should be careful with the confusion between the git-ls-files internal globbing and the standard shell globbing, ie git-ls-files fs/*.c does globbing in the shell, and does something totally different from git-ls-files 'fs/*.c' which does the globbing inside git-ls-files. The latter has _one_ pathspec with a wildcard, and will match any .c file anywhere under the fs/ directory, while the former has been expanded by the shell into having _lots_ of pathspec entries, all of which are just in the top-level fs/ subdirectory. They will happily be matched exactly, but we will thus miss all the subdirectories under fs/. As a result, the first one will (on the current kernel) match 55 files, while the second one will match 664 files! - it uses the generic path prefixing, so that ".." and friends at the beginning of the path spec work automatically NOTE! When generating relative pathname output (the default), a pathspec that causes the base to be outside the current working directory will be rejected with an error message like: fatal: git-ls-files: cannot generate relative filenames containing '..' because we do not actually generate ".." in the output. However, the ".." format works fine for the --full-name case: cd arch/i386/kernel git-ls-files --full-name ../mm/ results in arch/i386/mm/Makefile arch/i386/mm/boot_ioremap.c arch/i386/mm/discontig.c arch/i386/mm/extable.c arch/i386/mm/fault.c arch/i386/mm/highmem.c arch/i386/mm/hugetlbpage.c arch/i386/mm/init.c arch/i386/mm/ioremap.c arch/i386/mm/mmap.c arch/i386/mm/pageattr.c arch/i386/mm/pgtable.c Perhaps more commonly, the generic path prefixing means that "." and "./" automatically get simplified and work properly. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-21[PATCH] Make "git-ls-files" work in subdirectoriesLinus Torvalds
This makes git-ls-files work inside a relative directory, and also adds some rudimentary filename globbing support. For example, in the kernel you can now do cd arch/i386 git-ls-files and it will show all files under that subdirectory (and it will have removed the "arch/i386/" prefix unless you give it the "--full-name" option, so that you can feed the result to "xargs grep" or similar). The filename globbing is kind of strange: it does _not_ follow normal globbing rules, although it does look "almost" like a normal file glob (and it uses the POSIX.2 "fnmatch()" function). The glob pattern (there can be only one) is always split into a "directory part" and a "glob part", where the directory part is defined as any full directory path without any '*' or '?' characters. The "glob" part is whatever is left over. For example, when doing git-ls-files 'arch/i386/p*/*.c' the "directory part" is is "arch/i386/", and the "glob part" is "p*/*.c". The directory part will be added to the prefix, and handled efficiently (ie we will not be searching outside of that subdirectory), while the glob part (if anything is left over) will be used to trigger "fnmatch()" matches. This is efficient and very useful, but can result in somewhat non-intuitive behaviour. For example: git-ls-files 'arch/i386/*.[ch]' will find all .c and .h files under arch/i386/, _including_ things in lower subdirectories (ie it will match "arch/i386/kernel/process.c", because "kernel/process.c" will match the "*.c" specifier). Also, while git-ls-files arch/i386/ will show all files under that subdirectory, doing the same without the final slash would try to show the file "i386" under the "arch/" subdirectory, and since there is no such file (even if there is such a _directory_) it will not match anything at all. These semantics may not seem intuitive, but they are actually very practical. In particular, it makes it very simple to do git-ls-files fs/*.c | xargs grep some_pattern and it does what you want. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-21[PATCH] sha1_name: do not accept .git/refs/snap/.Junio C Hamano
I think Linus did a cut & paste from an early JIT code while developing the current extended SHA1 notation, and left it there as a courtesy, but the directory does not deserve to be treated any more specially than, say, .git/refs/bisect. If the subdirectories under .git/refs proliferate, we may want to switch to scanning that hierarchy at runtime, instead of the current hard-coded set, although I think that would be overkill. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <> From nobody Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001 Subject: [PATCH] Add a new extended SHA1 syntax <name>:<num> From: Junio C Hamano <> Date: 1124617434 -0700 The new notation is a short-hand for <name> followed by <num> caret ('^') characters. E.g. "master:4" is the fourth generation ancestor of the current "master" branch head, following the first parents; same as "master^^^^" but a bit more readable. This will be used in the updated "git show-branch" command. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <> --- sha1_name.c | 41 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ 1 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-) d5098ce769da46df6d45dc8f41b06dd758fdaea7 diff --git a/sha1_name.c b/sha1_name.c --- a/sha1_name.c +++ b/sha1_name.c @@ -191,9 +191,29 @@ static int get_parent(const char *name, return -1; } +static int get_nth_ancestor(const char *name, int len, + unsigned char *result, int generation) +{ + unsigned char sha1[20]; + int ret = get_sha1_1(name, len, sha1); + if (ret) + return ret; + + while (generation--) { + struct commit *commit = lookup_commit_reference(sha1); + + if (!commit || parse_commit(commit) || !commit->parents) + return -1; + memcpy(sha1, commit->parents->item->object.sha1, 20); + } + memcpy(result, sha1, 20); + return 0; +} + static int get_sha1_1(const char *name, int len, unsigned char *sha1) { int parent, ret; + const char *cp; /* foo^[0-9] or foo^ (== foo^1); we do not do more than 9 parents. */ if (len > 2 && name[len-2] == '^' && @@ -210,6 +230,27 @@ static int get_sha1_1(const char *name, if (parent >= 0) return get_parent(name, len, sha1, parent); + /* name:3 is name^^^, + * name:12 is name^^^^^^^^^^^^, and + * name: is name + */ + parent = 0; + for (cp = name + len - 1; name <= cp; cp--) { + int ch = *cp; + if ('0' <= ch && ch <= '9') + continue; + if (ch != ':') + parent = -1; + break; + } + if (!parent && *cp == ':') { + int len1 = cp - name; + cp++; + while (cp < name + len) + parent = parent * 10 + *cp++ - '0'; + return get_nth_ancestor(name, len1, sha1, parent); + } + ret = get_sha1_basic(name, len, sha1); if (!ret) return 0;
2005-08-21[PATCH] possible memory leak in diff.c::diff_free_filepair()Yasushi SHOJI
Here is a patch to fix the problem in the simplest way.
2005-08-20Create objects/info/ directory in init-db.Junio C Hamano
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-20[PATCH] Fix git-commit-script to output on stderr when -v failsMarco Costalba
When git-commit-script is called with -v option and verify test fails result is print on stdout instead of stderr. [jc: The original patch from Marco updated git-commit-script that still had the piece of code in question, which has been moved to an example hook script on its own, so I transplanted the patch to that new file instead.] Signed-off-by: Marco Costalba <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-20git-resolve: dying is good, not showing help is bad.Junio C Hamano
Recent change to make sure we get commit, not tag, accidentally removed its feature of giving a usage help message when it died. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-20Make sample pre-commit hook output Emacs friendly.Junio C Hamano
Use the common error message format, "filename:lineno: body"; this way, problematic lines can be jumped to from the Emacs compilation buffer by C-x `. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-20Call prune-packed from "git prune" as well.Junio C Hamano
Add -n (dryrun) flag to git-prune-packed, and call it from "git prune". Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-19Add hooks to tools/git-applypatch.Junio C Hamano
This teachs git-applypatch, which is used from git-applymbox, three hooks, similar to what git-commit-script uses. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-19Add commit hook and make the verification customizable.Junio C Hamano
There are three hooks: - 'pre-commit' is given an opportunity to inspect what is being committed, before we invoke the EDITOR for the commit message; - 'commit-msg' is invoked on the commit log message after the user prepares it; - 'post-commit' is run after a successful commit is made. The first two can interfere to stop the commit. The last one is for after-the-fact notification. The earlier built-in commit checker is now moved to pre-commit. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-19[PATCH] Allow file removal when "git commit --all" is used.Junio C Hamano
After you deleted files from your working tree, automatic git-update-cache used when the "--all" flag is given to "git commit" barfs because it lacks the --remove flag. It can be argued that this is a feature; people should be careful and something with a grave consequence like removing files should be done manually, in which case the current behaviour may be OK. The patch is for people who thinks the user who uses the "--all" flag deserves the danger that comes with the convenience. Comments? Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-19Merge from gitkJunio C Hamano
2005-08-19[PATCH] git-rev-list: avoid crash on broken repositorySergey Vlasov
When following tags, check for parse_object() success and error out properly instead of segfaulting. Signed-off-by: Sergey Vlasov <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-19[PATCH] Fix git-format-patch-script to handle empty messagesMarco Costalba
In case of a commit with an empty message there is no mandatory empty line between headers and body [jc: This makes --mbox output valid even when the commit message does not have anything but its first line, which the one I wrote botched. One side-effect is that it adds an extra blank line at the end even if it has more than one lines, which will be eaten by the receiving end. As Marco says, this is a stop-gap measure. This script needs to be split into two, one that gets the format specifier and a commit ID to write to its standard output, and another that drives that one reading from rev-list. I'll fix things properly when that happens by rewriting the former part in Perl or something more reasonable than the current shell, sed and grep mishmash.] Signed-off-by: Marco Costalba <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-19Display the contents of a tag when the user clicks on it.Paul Mackerras
This just displays the result of git-cat-file on the tag in the details pane. If the tag is a "direct" tag (the tag file contains the SHA1 ID of a commit rather than a tag), we show the tag name and SHA1 ID.
2005-08-19Added re-read refs command, and display all refs.Paul Mackerras
These are features requested by Junio. Any plain file under .git/refs whose contents start with 40 hex characters is taken as a reference and displayed like a head but with a light blue background (unless it is in .git/refs/tags or .git/refs/heads, in which case it is displayed as before). There is now a "Reread references" menu item in the File menu which re-reads all the plain files under .git/refs and redisplays any references that have changed.
2005-08-19Fix __attribute__ changes.Junio C Hamano
It cannot be checked with #ifndef, if you really think about what it does which cannot be done only with the preprocessor. My thinko. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-19[PATCH] Spell __attribute__ correctly in cache.h.Jason Riedy
Sun's cc doesn't know __attribute__. Signed-off-by: Jason Riedy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-19Save the maxwidth setting in the ~/.gitk file.Paul Mackerras
2005-08-19Fix a bug where commits with no children weren't marked as on-screen.Paul Mackerras
This problem was revealed by running gitk --all on Wolfgang Denk's u-boot repository.
2005-08-18Also make git-rebase-script stricter about dirty working tree.Junio C Hamano
Otherwise the first commit rebase makes could include whatever dirty state the original working tree had. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-18[PATCH] git-applymbox: verify that index is cleanLinus Torvalds
This makes git-applymbox verify that the index matches the current HEAD before it starts applying patches. Otherwise, you might have updated the index with unrelated changes, and the first patch will commit not just the patch from the mbox, but also any changes you had in your index. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-18Link the glossary document from the main manual.Junio C Hamano
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-18Stupid typo fix for git rebase.Junio C Hamano
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-18[PATCH] Updates to glossaryJohannes Schindelin
Changes to the descriptions of tree and tag objects, a link for ent, and descriptions for rewind, rebase and core git were added. Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-18Merge with gitk --parents change.Junio C Hamano
2005-08-18[PATCH] updates for Documentation/howto/using-topic-branches.txtLuck, Tony
Small fix (use "git branch" to make branches, rather than "git checkout -b"). Optimization for trivial patches (apply to release and merge to test). Three sample scripts appended. Signed-off-by: Tony Luck <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-18[PATCH] Add Makefile target glossary.htmlJohannes Schindelin
This also includes a script which does the sorting, and introduces hyperlinks for every described term. Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-18Use the --parents flag to git-rev-list.Paul Mackerras
With --parents, git-rev-list gives us the list of parents on the first line of each commit. We use that rather than looking for the parent: lines in the commit body, since this way we get to know about the grafts for free.
2005-08-18Merge with gitkJunio C Hamano
2005-08-18[PATCH] Assorted changes to glossaryJohannes Schindelin
Based on the discussion on the git list, here are some important changes to the glossary. (There is no cache, but an index. Use "object name" rather than "SHA1". Reorder. Clarify.) Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-17Allow graph lines to jump through hyperspace.Paul Mackerras
When the graph gets too wide (as defined by the maxwidth variable, which can be set in ~/.gitk), we can now terminate graph lines with an arrow pointing downwards, and reintroduce them later with an arrow pointing upwards when we need them. This makes the graph much less cluttered on large repositories such as the linux kernel. Unfortunately this has made it slower; it takes about 10 seconds user time on the linux-2.6 repository on my machine now, compared to 6 seconds before. I'll have to work on optimizing that. Also on the todo list are making the arrow heads active (so if you click on them you jump to the other end) and improving the placement of the null entry.
2005-08-17Make rebase script saner.Junio C Hamano
It did not check to see if the working tree was clean and matched the commit we were starting out as, resulting in the initial rebased commit including whatever dirty state the working tree has had. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-17Make sure alternates are carried over from the original repository.Junio C Hamano
When we create a cheap local clone by pointing at the object databse of the original repository, we forgot to take the alternates the original repository might have had into account. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-17Fix git-commit without paths.Junio C Hamano
The earlier one to grab output from diff-files --name-only has a grave bug that when no paths are given it ended up doing the equivalent of "git-commit --all", which was not what I intended. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-17[PATCH] Make git-update-cache take relative pathnamesLinus Torvalds
This also makes "./filename" acceptable as a side effect, since the pathname normalization handles that too. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-17[PATCH] Export relative path handling "prefix_path()" functionLinus Torvalds
Not all programs necessarily have a pathspec array of pathnames, some of them (like git-update-cache) want to do things one file at a time. So export the single-path interface too. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-17[PATCH] git-cvsimport - remove hardcoded reference to originMartin Langhoff
... in the newly introduced merge detection code. Signed-off-by: Martin Langhoff <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-17[PATCH] Add merge detection to git-cvsimportMartin Langhoff
Added -m and -M flags for git-cvsimport to detect merge commits in cvs. While this trusts the commit message, in repositories where merge commits indicate 'merged from FOOBRANCH' the import works surprisingly well. Even if some merges from CVS are bogus or incomplete, the resulting branches are in better state to go forward (and merge) than without any merge detection. Signed-off-by: Martin Langhoff <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-17[PATCH] Add GIT glossaryJohannes Schindelin
[jc: This is the version without asciidoc cross references; Johannes says that the cross referenced one is generated from this file using a Perl script, so I am placing this as the source, and expecting to later receive the script and a Makefile entry or two to massage this file into the final HTML or whatever form.] Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-17[PATCH] Let git-format-patch-script write on stdoutMarco Costalba
Avoid that git-format-patch writes out patch series information on stderr when there are no errors Signed-off-by: Marco Costalba <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-17[PATCH] Be consistent in naming of remote headsKris Shannon
The _remote_name variable used for messages does not need the refs/heads/ prefix included. Signed-off-by: Kris Shannon <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2005-08-17[PATCH] use it's and its correctly in documentationGreg Louis
At one place in Documentation/tutorial.txt and several in the base README, its was wrongly used in place of it's or vice versa. One instance remains somewhere in Documentation/howto/, which I didn't correct because it's in a quotation. Signed-off-by: Greg Louis <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>