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diff --git a/t/t7501-commit-basic-functionality.sh b/t/t7501-commit-basic-functionality.sh
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+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# Copyright (c) 2007 Kristian Høgsberg <krh@redhat.com>
+#
+
+# FIXME: Test the various index usages, -i and -o, test reflog,
+# signoff
+
+test_description='git commit'
+. ./test-lib.sh
+. "$TEST_DIRECTORY/diff-lib.sh"
+
+author='The Real Author <someguy@his.email.org>'
+
+test_tick
+
+test_expect_success 'initial status' '
+ echo bongo bongo >file &&
+ git add file &&
+ git status >actual &&
+ test_i18ngrep "No commits yet" actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'fail initial amend' '
+ test_must_fail git commit --amend
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'setup: initial commit' '
+ git commit -m initial
+'
+
+test_expect_success '-m and -F do not mix' '
+ git checkout HEAD file && echo >>file && git add file &&
+ test_must_fail git commit -m foo -m bar -F file
+'
+
+test_expect_success '-m and -C do not mix' '
+ git checkout HEAD file && echo >>file && git add file &&
+ test_must_fail git commit -C HEAD -m illegal
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'paths and -a do not mix' '
+ echo King of the bongo >file &&
+ test_must_fail git commit -m foo -a file
+'
+
+test_expect_success PERL 'can use paths with --interactive' '
+ echo bong-o-bong >file &&
+ # 2: update, 1:st path, that is all, 7: quit
+ test_write_lines 2 1 "" 7 |
+ git commit -m foo --interactive file &&
+ git reset --hard HEAD^
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'removed files and relative paths' '
+ test_when_finished "rm -rf foo" &&
+ git init foo &&
+ >foo/foo.txt &&
+ git -C foo add foo.txt &&
+ git -C foo commit -m first &&
+ git -C foo rm foo.txt &&
+
+ mkdir -p foo/bar &&
+ git -C foo/bar commit -m second ../foo.txt
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'using invalid commit with -C' '
+ test_must_fail git commit --allow-empty -C bogus
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'nothing to commit' '
+ git reset --hard &&
+ test_must_fail git commit -m initial
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--dry-run fails with nothing to commit' '
+ test_must_fail git commit -m initial --dry-run
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--short fails with nothing to commit' '
+ test_must_fail git commit -m initial --short
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--porcelain fails with nothing to commit' '
+ test_must_fail git commit -m initial --porcelain
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--long fails with nothing to commit' '
+ test_must_fail git commit -m initial --long
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'setup: non-initial commit' '
+ echo bongo bongo bongo >file &&
+ git commit -m next -a
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--dry-run with stuff to commit returns ok' '
+ echo bongo bongo bongo >>file &&
+ git commit -m next -a --dry-run
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--short with stuff to commit returns ok' '
+ echo bongo bongo bongo >>file &&
+ git commit -m next -a --short
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--porcelain with stuff to commit returns ok' '
+ echo bongo bongo bongo >>file &&
+ git commit -m next -a --porcelain
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--long with stuff to commit returns ok' '
+ echo bongo bongo bongo >>file &&
+ git commit -m next -a --long
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'commit message from non-existing file' '
+ echo more bongo: bongo bongo bongo bongo >file &&
+ test_must_fail git commit -F gah -a
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'empty commit message' '
+ # Empty except stray tabs and spaces on a few lines.
+ sed -e "s/@//g" >msg <<-\EOF &&
+ @ @
+ @@
+ @ @
+ @Signed-off-by: hula@
+ EOF
+ test_must_fail git commit -F msg -a
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'template "emptyness" check does not kick in with -F' '
+ git checkout HEAD file && echo >>file && git add file &&
+ git commit -t file -F file
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'template "emptyness" check' '
+ git checkout HEAD file && echo >>file && git add file &&
+ test_must_fail git commit -t file 2>err &&
+ test_i18ngrep "did not edit" err
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'setup: commit message from file' '
+ git checkout HEAD file && echo >>file && git add file &&
+ echo this is the commit message, coming from a file >msg &&
+ git commit -F msg -a
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'amend commit' '
+ cat >editor <<-\EOF &&
+ #!/bin/sh
+ sed -e "s/a file/an amend commit/g" < "$1" > "$1-"
+ mv "$1-" "$1"
+ EOF
+ chmod 755 editor &&
+ EDITOR=./editor git commit --amend
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'amend --only ignores staged contents' '
+ cp file file.expect &&
+ echo changed >file &&
+ git add file &&
+ git commit --no-edit --amend --only &&
+ git cat-file blob HEAD:file >file.actual &&
+ test_cmp file.expect file.actual &&
+ git diff --exit-code
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'allow-empty --only ignores staged contents' '
+ echo changed-again >file &&
+ git add file &&
+ git commit --allow-empty --only -m "empty" &&
+ git cat-file blob HEAD:file >file.actual &&
+ test_cmp file.expect file.actual &&
+ git diff --exit-code
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'set up editor' '
+ cat >editor <<-\EOF &&
+ #!/bin/sh
+ sed -e "s/unamended/amended/g" <"$1" >"$1-"
+ mv "$1-" "$1"
+ EOF
+ chmod 755 editor
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'amend without launching editor' '
+ echo unamended >expect &&
+ git commit --allow-empty -m "unamended" &&
+ echo needs more bongo >file &&
+ git add file &&
+ EDITOR=./editor git commit --no-edit --amend &&
+ git diff --exit-code HEAD -- file &&
+ git diff-tree -s --format=%s HEAD >msg &&
+ test_cmp expect msg
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--amend --edit' '
+ echo amended >expect &&
+ git commit --allow-empty -m "unamended" &&
+ echo bongo again >file &&
+ git add file &&
+ EDITOR=./editor git commit --edit --amend &&
+ git diff-tree -s --format=%s HEAD >msg &&
+ test_cmp expect msg
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--amend --edit of empty message' '
+ cat >replace <<-\EOF &&
+ #!/bin/sh
+ echo "amended" >"$1"
+ EOF
+ chmod 755 replace &&
+ git commit --allow-empty --allow-empty-message -m "" &&
+ echo more bongo >file &&
+ git add file &&
+ EDITOR=./replace git commit --edit --amend &&
+ git diff-tree -s --format=%s HEAD >msg &&
+ ./replace expect &&
+ test_cmp expect msg
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--amend to set message to empty' '
+ echo bata >file &&
+ git add file &&
+ git commit -m "unamended" &&
+ git commit --amend --allow-empty-message -m "" &&
+ git diff-tree -s --format=%s HEAD >msg &&
+ echo "" >expect &&
+ test_cmp expect msg
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--amend to set empty message needs --allow-empty-message' '
+ echo conga >file &&
+ git add file &&
+ git commit -m "unamended" &&
+ test_must_fail git commit --amend -m "" &&
+ git diff-tree -s --format=%s HEAD >msg &&
+ echo "unamended" >expect &&
+ test_cmp expect msg
+'
+
+test_expect_success '-m --edit' '
+ echo amended >expect &&
+ git commit --allow-empty -m buffer &&
+ echo bongo bongo >file &&
+ git add file &&
+ EDITOR=./editor git commit -m unamended --edit &&
+ git diff-tree -s --format=%s HEAD >msg &&
+ test_cmp expect msg
+'
+
+test_expect_success '-m and -F do not mix' '
+ echo enough with the bongos >file &&
+ test_must_fail git commit -F msg -m amending .
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'using message from other commit' '
+ git commit -C HEAD^ .
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'editing message from other commit' '
+ cat >editor <<-\EOF &&
+ #!/bin/sh
+ sed -e "s/amend/older/g" < "$1" > "$1-"
+ mv "$1-" "$1"
+ EOF
+ chmod 755 editor &&
+ echo hula hula >file &&
+ EDITOR=./editor git commit -c HEAD^ -a
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'message from stdin' '
+ echo silly new contents >file &&
+ echo commit message from stdin |
+ git commit -F - -a
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'overriding author from command line' '
+ echo gak >file &&
+ git commit -m author \
+ --author "Rubber Duck <rduck@convoy.org>" -a >output 2>&1 &&
+ grep Rubber.Duck output
+'
+
+test_expect_success PERL 'interactive add' '
+ echo 7 |
+ git commit --interactive |
+ grep "What now"
+'
+
+test_expect_success PERL "commit --interactive doesn't change index if editor aborts" '
+ echo zoo >file &&
+ test_must_fail git diff --exit-code >diff1 &&
+ test_write_lines u "*" q |
+ (
+ EDITOR=: &&
+ export EDITOR &&
+ test_must_fail git commit --interactive
+ ) &&
+ git diff >diff2 &&
+ compare_diff_patch diff1 diff2
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'editor not invoked if -F is given' '
+ cat >editor <<-\EOF &&
+ #!/bin/sh
+ sed -e s/good/bad/g <"$1" >"$1-"
+ mv "$1-" "$1"
+ EOF
+ chmod 755 editor &&
+
+ echo A good commit message. >msg &&
+ echo moo >file &&
+
+ EDITOR=./editor git commit -a -F msg &&
+ git show -s --pretty=format:%s >subject &&
+ grep -q good subject &&
+
+ echo quack >file &&
+ echo Another good message. |
+ EDITOR=./editor git commit -a -F - &&
+ git show -s --pretty=format:%s >subject &&
+ grep -q good subject
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'partial commit that involves removal (1)' '
+
+ git rm --cached file &&
+ mv file elif &&
+ git add elif &&
+ git commit -m "Partial: add elif" elif &&
+ git diff-tree --name-status HEAD^ HEAD >current &&
+ echo "A elif" >expected &&
+ test_cmp expected current
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'partial commit that involves removal (2)' '
+
+ git commit -m "Partial: remove file" file &&
+ git diff-tree --name-status HEAD^ HEAD >current &&
+ echo "D file" >expected &&
+ test_cmp expected current
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'partial commit that involves removal (3)' '
+
+ git rm --cached elif &&
+ echo elif >elif &&
+ git commit -m "Partial: modify elif" elif &&
+ git diff-tree --name-status HEAD^ HEAD >current &&
+ echo "M elif" >expected &&
+ test_cmp expected current
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'amend commit to fix author' '
+
+ oldtick=$GIT_AUTHOR_DATE &&
+ test_tick &&
+ git reset --hard &&
+ git cat-file -p HEAD |
+ sed -e "s/author.*/author $author $oldtick/" \
+ -e "s/^\(committer.*> \).*$/\1$GIT_COMMITTER_DATE/" > \
+ expected &&
+ git commit --amend --author="$author" &&
+ git cat-file -p HEAD > current &&
+ test_cmp expected current
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'amend commit to fix date' '
+
+ test_tick &&
+ newtick=$GIT_AUTHOR_DATE &&
+ git reset --hard &&
+ git cat-file -p HEAD |
+ sed -e "s/author.*/author $author $newtick/" \
+ -e "s/^\(committer.*> \).*$/\1$GIT_COMMITTER_DATE/" > \
+ expected &&
+ git commit --amend --date="$newtick" &&
+ git cat-file -p HEAD > current &&
+ test_cmp expected current
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'commit mentions forced date in output' '
+ git commit --amend --date=2010-01-02T03:04:05 >output &&
+ grep "Date: *Sat Jan 2 03:04:05 2010" output
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'commit complains about completely bogus dates' '
+ test_must_fail git commit --amend --date=seventeen
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'commit --date allows approxidate' '
+ git commit --amend \
+ --date="midnight the 12th of october, anno domini 1979" &&
+ echo "Fri Oct 12 00:00:00 1979 +0000" >expect &&
+ git log -1 --format=%ad >actual &&
+ test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'sign off (1)' '
+
+ echo 1 >positive &&
+ git add positive &&
+ git commit -s -m "thank you" &&
+ git cat-file commit HEAD | sed -e "1,/^\$/d" >actual &&
+ (
+ echo thank you &&
+ echo &&
+ git var GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT |
+ sed -e "s/>.*/>/" -e "s/^/Signed-off-by: /"
+ ) >expected &&
+ test_cmp expected actual
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'sign off (2)' '
+
+ echo 2 >positive &&
+ git add positive &&
+ existing="Signed-off-by: Watch This <watchthis@example.com>" &&
+ git commit -s -m "thank you
+
+$existing" &&
+ git cat-file commit HEAD | sed -e "1,/^\$/d" >actual &&
+ (
+ echo thank you &&
+ echo &&
+ echo $existing &&
+ git var GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT |
+ sed -e "s/>.*/>/" -e "s/^/Signed-off-by: /"
+ ) >expected &&
+ test_cmp expected actual
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'signoff gap' '
+
+ echo 3 >positive &&
+ git add positive &&
+ alt="Alt-RFC-822-Header: Value" &&
+ git commit -s -m "welcome
+
+$alt" &&
+ git cat-file commit HEAD | sed -e "1,/^\$/d" > actual &&
+ (
+ echo welcome &&
+ echo &&
+ echo $alt &&
+ git var GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT |
+ sed -e "s/>.*/>/" -e "s/^/Signed-off-by: /"
+ ) >expected &&
+ test_cmp expected actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'signoff gap 2' '
+
+ echo 4 >positive &&
+ git add positive &&
+ alt="fixed: 34" &&
+ git commit -s -m "welcome
+
+We have now
+$alt" &&
+ git cat-file commit HEAD | sed -e "1,/^\$/d" > actual &&
+ (
+ echo welcome &&
+ echo &&
+ echo We have now &&
+ echo $alt &&
+ echo &&
+ git var GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT |
+ sed -e "s/>.*/>/" -e "s/^/Signed-off-by: /"
+ ) >expected &&
+ test_cmp expected actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'signoff respects trailer config' '
+
+ echo 5 >positive &&
+ git add positive &&
+ git commit -s -m "subject
+
+non-trailer line
+Myfooter: x" &&
+ git cat-file commit HEAD | sed -e "1,/^\$/d" > actual &&
+ (
+ echo subject &&
+ echo &&
+ echo non-trailer line &&
+ echo Myfooter: x &&
+ echo &&
+ echo "Signed-off-by: $GIT_COMMITTER_NAME <$GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL>"
+ ) >expected &&
+ test_cmp expected actual &&
+
+ echo 6 >positive &&
+ git add positive &&
+ git -c "trailer.Myfooter.ifexists=add" commit -s -m "subject
+
+non-trailer line
+Myfooter: x" &&
+ git cat-file commit HEAD | sed -e "1,/^\$/d" > actual &&
+ (
+ echo subject &&
+ echo &&
+ echo non-trailer line &&
+ echo Myfooter: x &&
+ echo "Signed-off-by: $GIT_COMMITTER_NAME <$GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL>"
+ ) >expected &&
+ test_cmp expected actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'signoff not confused by ---' '
+ cat >expected <<-EOF &&
+ subject
+
+ body
+ ---
+ these dashes confuse the parser!
+
+ Signed-off-by: $GIT_COMMITTER_NAME <$GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL>
+ EOF
+ # should be a noop, since we already signed
+ git commit --allow-empty --signoff -F expected &&
+ git log -1 --pretty=format:%B >actual &&
+ test_cmp expected actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'multiple -m' '
+
+ >negative &&
+ git add negative &&
+ git commit -m "one" -m "two" -m "three" &&
+ git cat-file commit HEAD | sed -e "1,/^\$/d" >actual &&
+ (
+ echo one &&
+ echo &&
+ echo two &&
+ echo &&
+ echo three
+ ) >expected &&
+ test_cmp expected actual
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'amend commit to fix author' '
+
+ oldtick=$GIT_AUTHOR_DATE &&
+ test_tick &&
+ git reset --hard &&
+ git cat-file -p HEAD |
+ sed -e "s/author.*/author $author $oldtick/" \
+ -e "s/^\(committer.*> \).*$/\1$GIT_COMMITTER_DATE/" > \
+ expected &&
+ git commit --amend --author="$author" &&
+ git cat-file -p HEAD > current &&
+ test_cmp expected current
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git commit <file> with dirty index' '
+ echo tacocat > elif &&
+ echo tehlulz > chz &&
+ git add chz &&
+ git commit elif -m "tacocat is a palindrome" &&
+ git show --stat | grep elif &&
+ git diff --cached | grep chz
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'same tree (single parent)' '
+
+ git reset --hard &&
+ test_must_fail git commit -m empty
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'same tree (single parent) --allow-empty' '
+
+ git commit --allow-empty -m "forced empty" &&
+ git cat-file commit HEAD | grep forced
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'same tree (merge and amend merge)' '
+
+ git checkout -b side HEAD^ &&
+ echo zero >zero &&
+ git add zero &&
+ git commit -m "add zero" &&
+ git checkout master &&
+
+ git merge -s ours side -m "empty ok" &&
+ git diff HEAD^ HEAD >actual &&
+ test_must_be_empty actual &&
+
+ git commit --amend -m "empty really ok" &&
+ git diff HEAD^ HEAD >actual &&
+ test_must_be_empty actual
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'amend using the message from another commit' '
+
+ git reset --hard &&
+ test_tick &&
+ git commit --allow-empty -m "old commit" &&
+ old=$(git rev-parse --verify HEAD) &&
+ test_tick &&
+ git commit --allow-empty -m "new commit" &&
+ new=$(git rev-parse --verify HEAD) &&
+ test_tick &&
+ git commit --allow-empty --amend -C "$old" &&
+ git show --pretty="format:%ad %s" "$old" >expected &&
+ git show --pretty="format:%ad %s" HEAD >actual &&
+ test_cmp expected actual
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'amend using the message from a commit named with tag' '
+
+ git reset --hard &&
+ test_tick &&
+ git commit --allow-empty -m "old commit" &&
+ old=$(git rev-parse --verify HEAD) &&
+ git tag -a -m "tag on old" tagged-old HEAD &&
+ test_tick &&
+ git commit --allow-empty -m "new commit" &&
+ new=$(git rev-parse --verify HEAD) &&
+ test_tick &&
+ git commit --allow-empty --amend -C tagged-old &&
+ git show --pretty="format:%ad %s" "$old" >expected &&
+ git show --pretty="format:%ad %s" HEAD >actual &&
+ test_cmp expected actual
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'amend can copy notes' '
+
+ git config notes.rewrite.amend true &&
+ git config notes.rewriteRef "refs/notes/*" &&
+ test_commit foo &&
+ git notes add -m"a note" &&
+ test_tick &&
+ git commit --amend -m"new foo" &&
+ test "$(git notes show)" = "a note"
+
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'commit a file whose name is a dash' '
+ git reset --hard &&
+ for i in 1 2 3 4 5
+ do
+ echo $i
+ done >./- &&
+ git add ./- &&
+ test_tick &&
+ git commit -m "add dash" >output </dev/null &&
+ test_i18ngrep " changed, 5 insertions" output
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--only works on to-be-born branch' '
+ # This test relies on having something in the index, as it
+ # would not otherwise actually prove much. So check this.
+ test -n "$(git ls-files)" &&
+ git checkout --orphan orphan &&
+ echo foo >newfile &&
+ git add newfile &&
+ git commit --only newfile -m"--only on unborn branch" &&
+ echo newfile >expected &&
+ git ls-tree -r --name-only HEAD >actual &&
+ test_cmp expected actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--dry-run with conflicts fixed from a merge' '
+ # setup two branches with conflicting information
+ # in the same file, resolve the conflict,
+ # call commit with --dry-run
+ echo "Initial contents, unimportant" >test-file &&
+ git add test-file &&
+ git commit -m "Initial commit" &&
+ echo "commit-1-state" >test-file &&
+ git commit -m "commit 1" -i test-file &&
+ git tag commit-1 &&
+ git checkout -b branch-2 HEAD^1 &&
+ echo "commit-2-state" >test-file &&
+ git commit -m "commit 2" -i test-file &&
+ test_must_fail git merge --no-commit commit-1 &&
+ echo "commit-2-state" >test-file &&
+ git add test-file &&
+ git commit --dry-run &&
+ git commit -m "conflicts fixed from merge."
+'
+
+test_expect_success '--dry-run --short' '
+ >test-file &&
+ git add test-file &&
+ git commit --dry-run --short
+'
+
+test_done