summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/parse-options.c
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
Diffstat (limited to 'parse-options.c')
-rw-r--r--parse-options.c485
1 files changed, 485 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/parse-options.c b/parse-options.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..71a7acf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/parse-options.c
@@ -0,0 +1,485 @@
+#include "git-compat-util.h"
+#include "parse-options.h"
+#include "cache.h"
+
+#define OPT_SHORT 1
+#define OPT_UNSET 2
+
+static int opterror(const struct option *opt, const char *reason, int flags)
+{
+ if (flags & OPT_SHORT)
+ return error("switch `%c' %s", opt->short_name, reason);
+ if (flags & OPT_UNSET)
+ return error("option `no-%s' %s", opt->long_name, reason);
+ return error("option `%s' %s", opt->long_name, reason);
+}
+
+static int get_arg(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *p, const struct option *opt,
+ int flags, const char **arg)
+{
+ if (p->opt) {
+ *arg = p->opt;
+ p->opt = NULL;
+ } else if (p->argc == 1 && (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_LASTARG_DEFAULT)) {
+ *arg = (const char *)opt->defval;
+ } else if (p->argc > 1) {
+ p->argc--;
+ *arg = *++p->argv;
+ } else
+ return opterror(opt, "requires a value", flags);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int get_value(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *p,
+ const struct option *opt, int flags)
+{
+ const char *s, *arg;
+ const int unset = flags & OPT_UNSET;
+
+ if (unset && p->opt)
+ return opterror(opt, "takes no value", flags);
+ if (unset && (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_NONEG))
+ return opterror(opt, "isn't available", flags);
+
+ if (!(flags & OPT_SHORT) && p->opt) {
+ switch (opt->type) {
+ case OPTION_CALLBACK:
+ if (!(opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_NOARG))
+ break;
+ /* FALLTHROUGH */
+ case OPTION_BOOLEAN:
+ case OPTION_BIT:
+ case OPTION_SET_INT:
+ case OPTION_SET_PTR:
+ return opterror(opt, "takes no value", flags);
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ switch (opt->type) {
+ case OPTION_BIT:
+ if (unset)
+ *(int *)opt->value &= ~opt->defval;
+ else
+ *(int *)opt->value |= opt->defval;
+ return 0;
+
+ case OPTION_BOOLEAN:
+ *(int *)opt->value = unset ? 0 : *(int *)opt->value + 1;
+ return 0;
+
+ case OPTION_SET_INT:
+ *(int *)opt->value = unset ? 0 : opt->defval;
+ return 0;
+
+ case OPTION_SET_PTR:
+ *(void **)opt->value = unset ? NULL : (void *)opt->defval;
+ return 0;
+
+ case OPTION_STRING:
+ if (unset)
+ *(const char **)opt->value = NULL;
+ else if (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG && !p->opt)
+ *(const char **)opt->value = (const char *)opt->defval;
+ else
+ return get_arg(p, opt, flags, (const char **)opt->value);
+ return 0;
+
+ case OPTION_CALLBACK:
+ if (unset)
+ return (*opt->callback)(opt, NULL, 1) ? (-1) : 0;
+ if (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_NOARG)
+ return (*opt->callback)(opt, NULL, 0) ? (-1) : 0;
+ if (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG && !p->opt)
+ return (*opt->callback)(opt, NULL, 0) ? (-1) : 0;
+ if (get_arg(p, opt, flags, &arg))
+ return -1;
+ return (*opt->callback)(opt, arg, 0) ? (-1) : 0;
+
+ case OPTION_INTEGER:
+ if (unset) {
+ *(int *)opt->value = 0;
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG && !p->opt) {
+ *(int *)opt->value = opt->defval;
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if (get_arg(p, opt, flags, &arg))
+ return -1;
+ *(int *)opt->value = strtol(arg, (char **)&s, 10);
+ if (*s)
+ return opterror(opt, "expects a numerical value", flags);
+ return 0;
+
+ default:
+ die("should not happen, someone must be hit on the forehead");
+ }
+}
+
+static int parse_short_opt(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *p, const struct option *options)
+{
+ for (; options->type != OPTION_END; options++) {
+ if (options->short_name == *p->opt) {
+ p->opt = p->opt[1] ? p->opt + 1 : NULL;
+ return get_value(p, options, OPT_SHORT);
+ }
+ }
+ return -2;
+}
+
+static int parse_long_opt(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *p, const char *arg,
+ const struct option *options)
+{
+ const char *arg_end = strchr(arg, '=');
+ const struct option *abbrev_option = NULL, *ambiguous_option = NULL;
+ int abbrev_flags = 0, ambiguous_flags = 0;
+
+ if (!arg_end)
+ arg_end = arg + strlen(arg);
+
+ for (; options->type != OPTION_END; options++) {
+ const char *rest;
+ int flags = 0;
+
+ if (!options->long_name)
+ continue;
+
+ rest = skip_prefix(arg, options->long_name);
+ if (options->type == OPTION_ARGUMENT) {
+ if (!rest)
+ continue;
+ if (*rest == '=')
+ return opterror(options, "takes no value", flags);
+ if (*rest)
+ continue;
+ p->out[p->cpidx++] = arg - 2;
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if (!rest) {
+ /* abbreviated? */
+ if (!strncmp(options->long_name, arg, arg_end - arg)) {
+is_abbreviated:
+ if (abbrev_option) {
+ /*
+ * If this is abbreviated, it is
+ * ambiguous. So when there is no
+ * exact match later, we need to
+ * error out.
+ */
+ ambiguous_option = abbrev_option;
+ ambiguous_flags = abbrev_flags;
+ }
+ if (!(flags & OPT_UNSET) && *arg_end)
+ p->opt = arg_end + 1;
+ abbrev_option = options;
+ abbrev_flags = flags;
+ continue;
+ }
+ /* negated and abbreviated very much? */
+ if (!prefixcmp("no-", arg)) {
+ flags |= OPT_UNSET;
+ goto is_abbreviated;
+ }
+ /* negated? */
+ if (strncmp(arg, "no-", 3))
+ continue;
+ flags |= OPT_UNSET;
+ rest = skip_prefix(arg + 3, options->long_name);
+ /* abbreviated and negated? */
+ if (!rest && !prefixcmp(options->long_name, arg + 3))
+ goto is_abbreviated;
+ if (!rest)
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (*rest) {
+ if (*rest != '=')
+ continue;
+ p->opt = rest + 1;
+ }
+ return get_value(p, options, flags);
+ }
+
+ if (ambiguous_option)
+ return error("Ambiguous option: %s "
+ "(could be --%s%s or --%s%s)",
+ arg,
+ (ambiguous_flags & OPT_UNSET) ? "no-" : "",
+ ambiguous_option->long_name,
+ (abbrev_flags & OPT_UNSET) ? "no-" : "",
+ abbrev_option->long_name);
+ if (abbrev_option)
+ return get_value(p, abbrev_option, abbrev_flags);
+ return -2;
+}
+
+static void check_typos(const char *arg, const struct option *options)
+{
+ if (strlen(arg) < 3)
+ return;
+
+ if (!prefixcmp(arg, "no-")) {
+ error ("did you mean `--%s` (with two dashes ?)", arg);
+ exit(129);
+ }
+
+ for (; options->type != OPTION_END; options++) {
+ if (!options->long_name)
+ continue;
+ if (!prefixcmp(options->long_name, arg)) {
+ error ("did you mean `--%s` (with two dashes ?)", arg);
+ exit(129);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+void parse_options_start(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *ctx,
+ int argc, const char **argv, int flags)
+{
+ memset(ctx, 0, sizeof(*ctx));
+ ctx->argc = argc - 1;
+ ctx->argv = argv + 1;
+ ctx->out = argv;
+ ctx->cpidx = ((flags & PARSE_OPT_KEEP_ARGV0) != 0);
+ ctx->flags = flags;
+}
+
+static int usage_with_options_internal(const char * const *,
+ const struct option *, int);
+
+int parse_options_step(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *ctx,
+ const struct option *options,
+ const char * const usagestr[])
+{
+ /* we must reset ->opt, unknown short option leave it dangling */
+ ctx->opt = NULL;
+
+ for (; ctx->argc; ctx->argc--, ctx->argv++) {
+ const char *arg = ctx->argv[0];
+
+ if (*arg != '-' || !arg[1]) {
+ if (ctx->flags & PARSE_OPT_STOP_AT_NON_OPTION)
+ break;
+ ctx->out[ctx->cpidx++] = ctx->argv[0];
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (arg[1] != '-') {
+ ctx->opt = arg + 1;
+ if (*ctx->opt == 'h')
+ return parse_options_usage(usagestr, options);
+ switch (parse_short_opt(ctx, options)) {
+ case -1:
+ return parse_options_usage(usagestr, options);
+ case -2:
+ return PARSE_OPT_UNKNOWN;
+ }
+ if (ctx->opt)
+ check_typos(arg + 1, options);
+ while (ctx->opt) {
+ if (*ctx->opt == 'h')
+ return parse_options_usage(usagestr, options);
+ switch (parse_short_opt(ctx, options)) {
+ case -1:
+ return parse_options_usage(usagestr, options);
+ case -2:
+ /* fake a short option thing to hide the fact that we may have
+ * started to parse aggregated stuff
+ *
+ * This is leaky, too bad.
+ */
+ ctx->argv[0] = xstrdup(ctx->opt - 1);
+ *(char *)ctx->argv[0] = '-';
+ return PARSE_OPT_UNKNOWN;
+ }
+ }
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (!arg[2]) { /* "--" */
+ if (!(ctx->flags & PARSE_OPT_KEEP_DASHDASH)) {
+ ctx->argc--;
+ ctx->argv++;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (!strcmp(arg + 2, "help-all"))
+ return usage_with_options_internal(usagestr, options, 1);
+ if (!strcmp(arg + 2, "help"))
+ return parse_options_usage(usagestr, options);
+ switch (parse_long_opt(ctx, arg + 2, options)) {
+ case -1:
+ return parse_options_usage(usagestr, options);
+ case -2:
+ return PARSE_OPT_UNKNOWN;
+ }
+ }
+ return PARSE_OPT_DONE;
+}
+
+int parse_options_end(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *ctx)
+{
+ memmove(ctx->out + ctx->cpidx, ctx->argv, ctx->argc * sizeof(*ctx->out));
+ ctx->out[ctx->cpidx + ctx->argc] = NULL;
+ return ctx->cpidx + ctx->argc;
+}
+
+int parse_options(int argc, const char **argv, const struct option *options,
+ const char * const usagestr[], int flags)
+{
+ struct parse_opt_ctx_t ctx;
+
+ parse_options_start(&ctx, argc, argv, flags);
+ switch (parse_options_step(&ctx, options, usagestr)) {
+ case PARSE_OPT_HELP:
+ exit(129);
+ case PARSE_OPT_DONE:
+ break;
+ default: /* PARSE_OPT_UNKNOWN */
+ if (ctx.argv[0][1] == '-') {
+ error("unknown option `%s'", ctx.argv[0] + 2);
+ } else {
+ error("unknown switch `%c'", *ctx.opt);
+ }
+ usage_with_options(usagestr, options);
+ }
+
+ return parse_options_end(&ctx);
+}
+
+#define USAGE_OPTS_WIDTH 24
+#define USAGE_GAP 2
+
+int usage_with_options_internal(const char * const *usagestr,
+ const struct option *opts, int full)
+{
+ fprintf(stderr, "usage: %s\n", *usagestr++);
+ while (*usagestr && **usagestr)
+ fprintf(stderr, " or: %s\n", *usagestr++);
+ while (*usagestr) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s%s\n",
+ **usagestr ? " " : "",
+ *usagestr);
+ usagestr++;
+ }
+
+ if (opts->type != OPTION_GROUP)
+ fputc('\n', stderr);
+
+ for (; opts->type != OPTION_END; opts++) {
+ size_t pos;
+ int pad;
+
+ if (opts->type == OPTION_GROUP) {
+ fputc('\n', stderr);
+ if (*opts->help)
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", opts->help);
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (!full && (opts->flags & PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN))
+ continue;
+
+ pos = fprintf(stderr, " ");
+ if (opts->short_name)
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, "-%c", opts->short_name);
+ if (opts->long_name && opts->short_name)
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, ", ");
+ if (opts->long_name)
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, "--%s", opts->long_name);
+
+ switch (opts->type) {
+ case OPTION_ARGUMENT:
+ break;
+ case OPTION_INTEGER:
+ if (opts->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG)
+ if (opts->long_name)
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, "[=<n>]");
+ else
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, "[<n>]");
+ else
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, " <n>");
+ break;
+ case OPTION_CALLBACK:
+ if (opts->flags & PARSE_OPT_NOARG)
+ break;
+ /* FALLTHROUGH */
+ case OPTION_STRING:
+ if (opts->argh) {
+ if (opts->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG)
+ if (opts->long_name)
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, "[=<%s>]", opts->argh);
+ else
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, "[<%s>]", opts->argh);
+ else
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, " <%s>", opts->argh);
+ } else {
+ if (opts->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG)
+ if (opts->long_name)
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, "[=...]");
+ else
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, "[...]");
+ else
+ pos += fprintf(stderr, " ...");
+ }
+ break;
+ default: /* OPTION_{BIT,BOOLEAN,SET_INT,SET_PTR} */
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (pos <= USAGE_OPTS_WIDTH)
+ pad = USAGE_OPTS_WIDTH - pos;
+ else {
+ fputc('\n', stderr);
+ pad = USAGE_OPTS_WIDTH;
+ }
+ fprintf(stderr, "%*s%s\n", pad + USAGE_GAP, "", opts->help);
+ }
+ fputc('\n', stderr);
+
+ return PARSE_OPT_HELP;
+}
+
+void usage_with_options(const char * const *usagestr,
+ const struct option *opts)
+{
+ usage_with_options_internal(usagestr, opts, 0);
+ exit(129);
+}
+
+int parse_options_usage(const char * const *usagestr,
+ const struct option *opts)
+{
+ return usage_with_options_internal(usagestr, opts, 0);
+}
+
+
+/*----- some often used options -----*/
+#include "cache.h"
+
+int parse_opt_abbrev_cb(const struct option *opt, const char *arg, int unset)
+{
+ int v;
+
+ if (!arg) {
+ v = unset ? 0 : DEFAULT_ABBREV;
+ } else {
+ v = strtol(arg, (char **)&arg, 10);
+ if (*arg)
+ return opterror(opt, "expects a numerical value", 0);
+ if (v && v < MINIMUM_ABBREV)
+ v = MINIMUM_ABBREV;
+ else if (v > 40)
+ v = 40;
+ }
+ *(int *)(opt->value) = v;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int parse_opt_approxidate_cb(const struct option *opt, const char *arg,
+ int unset)
+{
+ *(unsigned long *)(opt->value) = approxidate(arg);
+ return 0;
+}