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-rw-r--r--Documentation/CodingGuidelines46
-rw-r--r--Documentation/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt300
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt52
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt79
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt39
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.4.txt32
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.5.txt44
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.6.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.7.txt21
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.8.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.0.txt514
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.1.txt40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt247
-rw-r--r--Documentation/SubmittingPatches27
-rw-r--r--Documentation/blame-options.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/config.txt491
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-config.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-format.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-options.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/fetch-options.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-add.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-am.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-apply.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-branch.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cat-file.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-checkout.txt82
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clean.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clone.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit.txt17
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-config.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential-store.txt35
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-export.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-import.txt34
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fetch.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-format-patch.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-gc.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-hash-object.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-http-backend.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-imap-send.txt28
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-init.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-instaweb.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-log.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-notes.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-p4.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-prune.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pull.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-push.txt48
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rebase.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-reflog.txt144
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-repack.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rerere.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-list.txt95
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-email.txt78
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-pack.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-status.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-stripspace.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-submodule.txt66
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-svn.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tag.txt15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-index.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git.txt74
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitattributes.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcredentials.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/githooks.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitignore.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitk.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitmodules.txt21
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt74
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder.txt237
-rw-r--r--Documentation/line-range-format.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/merge-config.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pretty-options.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/rev-list-options.txt36
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-error-handling.txt75
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt351
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/index-format.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/user-manual.txt2
98 files changed, 2977 insertions, 987 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index 894546d..c6e536f 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
Like other projects, we also have some guidelines to keep to the
-code. For Git in general, three rough rules are:
+code. For Git in general, a few rough rules are:
- Most importantly, we never say "It's in POSIX; we'll happily
ignore your needs should your system not conform to it."
@@ -328,9 +328,14 @@ For C programs:
- When you come up with an API, document it.
- - The first #include in C files, except in platform specific
- compat/ implementations, should be git-compat-util.h or another
- header file that includes it, such as cache.h or builtin.h.
+ - The first #include in C files, except in platform specific compat/
+ implementations, must be either "git-compat-util.h", "cache.h" or
+ "builtin.h". You do not have to include more than one of these.
+
+ - A C file must directly include the header files that declare the
+ functions and the types it uses, except for the functions and types
+ that are made available to it by including one of the header files
+ it must include by the previous rule.
- If you are planning a new command, consider writing it in shell
or perl first, so that changes in semantics can be easily
@@ -413,6 +418,29 @@ Error Messages
- Say what the error is first ("cannot open %s", not "%s: cannot open")
+Externally Visible Names
+
+ - For configuration variable names, follow the existing convention:
+
+ . The section name indicates the affected subsystem.
+
+ . The subsection name, if any, indicates which of an unbounded set
+ of things to set the value for.
+
+ . The variable name describes the effect of tweaking this knob.
+
+ The section and variable names that consist of multiple words are
+ formed by concatenating the words without punctuations (e.g. `-`),
+ and are broken using bumpyCaps in documentation as a hint to the
+ reader.
+
+ When choosing the variable namespace, do not use variable name for
+ specifying possibly unbounded set of things, most notably anything
+ an end user can freely come up with (e.g. branch names). Instead,
+ use subsection names or variable values, like the existing variable
+ branch.<name>.description does.
+
+
Writing Documentation:
Most (if not all) of the documentation pages are written in the
@@ -441,6 +469,10 @@ Writing Documentation:
--sort=<key>
--abbrev[=<n>]
+ If a placeholder has multiple words, they are separated by dashes:
+ <new-branch-name>
+ --template=<template-directory>
+
Possibility of multiple occurrences is indicated by three dots:
<file>...
(One or more of <file>.)
@@ -457,12 +489,12 @@ Writing Documentation:
(Zero or more of <patch>. Note that the dots are inside, not
outside the brackets.)
- Multiple alternatives are indicated with vertical bar:
+ Multiple alternatives are indicated with vertical bars:
[-q | --quiet]
[--utf8 | --no-utf8]
Parentheses are used for grouping:
- [(<rev>|<range>)...]
+ [(<rev> | <range>)...]
(Any number of either <rev> or <range>. Parens are needed to make
it clear that "..." pertains to both <rev> and <range>.)
@@ -494,7 +526,7 @@ Writing Documentation:
`backticks around word phrases`, do so.
`--pretty=oneline`
`git rev-list`
- `remote.pushdefault`
+ `remote.pushDefault`
Word phrases enclosed in `backtick characters` are rendered literally
and will not be further expanded. The use of `backticks` to achieve the
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index 2f6b6aa..3e39e28 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ ASCIIDOC_HTML = xhtml11
ASCIIDOC_DOCBOOK = docbook
ASCIIDOC_CONF = -f asciidoc.conf
ASCIIDOC_COMMON = $(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) $(ASCIIDOC_CONF) \
- -agit-version=$(GIT_VERSION)
+ -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION)
TXT_TO_HTML = $(ASCIIDOC_COMMON) -b $(ASCIIDOC_HTML)
TXT_TO_XML = $(ASCIIDOC_COMMON) -b $(ASCIIDOC_DOCBOOK)
MANPAGE_XSL = manpage-normal.xsl
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e3c639c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,300 @@
+Git v2.3 Release Notes
+======================
+
+This one ended up to be a release with lots of small corrections and
+improvements without big uncomfortably exciting features. The recent
+security fix that went to 2.2.1 and older maintenance tracks is also
+contained in this update.
+
+
+Updates since v2.2
+------------------
+
+Ports
+
+ * Recent gcc toolchain on Cygwin started throwing compilation warning,
+ which has been squelched.
+
+ * A few updates to build on platforms that lack tv_nsec,
+ clock_gettime, CLOCK_MONOTONIC and HMAC_CTX_cleanup (e.g. older
+ RHEL) have been added.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * It was cumbersome to use "GIT_SSH" mechanism when the user wanted
+ to pass an extra set of arguments to the underlying ssh. A new
+ environment variable GIT_SSH_COMMAND can be used for this.
+
+ * A request to store an empty note via "git notes" meant to remove
+ note from the object but with --allow-empty we will store a
+ (surprise!) note that is empty.
+
+ * "git interpret-trailers" learned to properly handle the
+ "Conflicts:" block at the end.
+
+ * "git am" learned "--message-id" option to copy the message ID of
+ the incoming e-mail to the log message of resulting commit.
+
+ * "git clone --reference=<over there>" learned the "--dissociate"
+ option to go with it; it borrows objects from the reference object
+ store while cloning only to reduce network traffic and then
+ dissociates the resulting clone from the reference by performing
+ local copies of borrowed objects.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned "--transfer-encoding" option to force a
+ non-fault Content-Transfer-Encoding header (e.g. base64).
+
+ * "git send-email" normally identifies itself via X-Mailer: header in
+ the message it sends out. A new command line flag --no-xmailer
+ allows the user to squelch the header.
+
+ * "git push" into a repository with a working tree normally refuses
+ to modify the branch that is checked out. The command learned to
+ optionally do an equivalent of "git reset --hard" only when there
+ is no change to the working tree and the index instead, which would
+ be useful to "deploy" by pushing into a repository.
+
+ * "git new-workdir" (in contrib/) can be used to populate an empty
+ and existing directory now.
+
+ * Credential helpers are asked in turn until one of them give
+ positive response, which is cumbersome to turn off when you need to
+ run Git in an automated setting. The credential helper interface
+ learned to allow a helper to say "stop, don't ask other helpers."
+ Also GIT_TERMINAL_PROMPT environment can be set to false to disable
+ our built-in prompt mechanism for passwords.
+
+ * "git branch -d" (delete) and "git branch -m" (move) learned to
+ honor "-f" (force) flag; unlike many other subcommands, the way to
+ force these have been with separate "-D/-M" options, which was
+ inconsistent.
+
+ * "diff-highlight" filter (in contrib/) allows its color output to be
+ customized via configuration variables.
+
+ * "git imap-send" learned to take "-v" (verbose) and "-q" (quiet)
+ command line options.
+
+ * "git remote add $name $URL" is now allowed when "url.$URL.insteadOf"
+ is already defined.
+
+ * "git imap-send" now can be built to use cURL library to talk to
+ IMAP servers (if the library is recent enough, of course).
+ This allows you to use authenticate method other than CRAM-MD5,
+ among other things.
+
+ * "git imap-send" now allows GIT_CURL_VERBOSE environment variable to
+ control the verbosity when talking via the cURL library.
+
+ * The prompt script (in contrib/) learned to optionally hide prompt
+ when in an ignored directory by setting GIT_PS1_HIDE_IF_PWD_IGNORED
+ shell variable.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * Earlier we made "rev-list --object-edge" more aggressively list the
+ objects at the edge commits, in order to reduce number of objects 
+ fetched into a shallow repository, but the change affected cases
+ other than "fetching into a shallow repository" and made it
+ unusably slow (e.g. fetching into a normal repository should not
+ have to suffer the overhead from extra processing). Limit it to a
+ more specific case by introducing --objects-edge-aggressive, a new
+ option to rev-list.
+
+ * Squelched useless compiler warnings on Mac OS X regarding the
+ crypto API.
+
+ * The procedure to generate unicode table has been simplified.
+
+ * Some filesystems assign filemodes in a strange way, fooling then
+ automatic "filemode trustability" check done during a new
+ repository creation. The initialization codepath has been hardened
+ against this issue.
+
+ * The codepath in "git remote update --prune" to drop many refs has
+ been optimized.
+
+ * The API into get_merge_bases*() family of functions was easy to
+ misuse, which has been corrected to make it harder to do so.
+
+ * Long overdue departure from the assumption that S_IFMT is shared by
+ everybody made in 2005, which was necessary to port to z/OS.
+
+ * "git push" and "git fetch" did not communicate an overlong refname
+ correctly. Now it uses 64kB sideband to accommodate longer ones.
+
+ * Recent GPG changes the keyring format and drops support for RFC1991
+ formatted signatures, breaking our existing tests.
+
+ * "git-prompt" (in contrib/) used a variable from the global scope,
+ possibly contaminating end-user's namespace.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.2
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.2 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git http-push" over WebDAV (aka dumb http-push) was broken in
+ v2.2.2 when parsing a symbolic ref, resulting in a bogus request
+ that gets rejected by recent versions of cURL library.
+ (merge f6786c8 jk/http-push-symref-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The logic in "git bisect bad HEAD" etc. to avoid forcing the test
+ of the common ancestor of bad and good commits was broken.
+ (merge 07913d5 cc/bisect-rev-parsing later to maint).
+
+ * "git checkout-index --temp=$target $path" did not work correctly
+ for paths outside the current subdirectory in the project.
+ (merge 74c4de5 es/checkout-index-temp later to maint).
+
+ * The report from "git checkout" on a branch that builds on another
+ local branch by setting its branch.*.merge to branch name (not a
+ full refname) incorrectly said that the upstream is gone.
+ (merge 05e7368 jc/checkout-local-track-report later to maint).
+
+ * With The git-prompt support (in contrib/), using the exit status of
+ the last command in the prompt, e.g. PS1='$(__git_ps1) $? ', did
+ not work well, because the helper function stomped on the exit
+ status.
+ (merge 6babe76 tf/prompt-preserve-exit-status later to maint).
+
+ * Recent update to "git commit" broke amending an existing commit
+ with bogus author/committer lines without a valid e-mail address.
+ (merge c83a509 jk/commit-date-approxidate later to maint).
+
+ * The lockfile API used to get confused which file to clean up when
+ the process moved the $cwd after creating a lockfile.
+ (merge fa137f6 nd/lockfile-absolute later to maint).
+
+ * Traditionally we tried to avoid interpreting date strings given by
+ the user as future dates, e.g. GIT_COMMITTER_DATE=2014-12-10 when
+ used early November 2014 was taken as "October 12, 2014" because it
+ is likely that a date in the future, December 10, is a mistake.
+ This heuristics has been loosened to allow people to express future
+ dates (most notably, --until=<date> may want to be far in the
+ future) and we no longer tiebreak by future-ness of the date when
+
+ (1) ISO-like format is used, and
+ (2) the string can make sense interpreted as both y-m-d and y-d-m.
+
+ Git may still have to use the heuristics to tiebreak between dd/mm/yy
+ and mm/dd/yy, though.
+ (merge d372395 jk/approxidate-avoid-y-d-m-over-future-dates later to maint).
+
+ * Git did not correctly read an overlong refname from a packed refs
+ file.
+ (merge ea41783 jk/read-packed-refs-without-path-max later to maint).
+
+ * "git apply" was described in the documentation to take --ignore-date
+ option, which it does not.
+ (merge 0cef4e7 rw/apply-does-not-take-ignore-date later to maint).
+
+ * "git add -i" did not notice when the interactive command input
+ stream went away and kept asking the same question.
+ (merge a8bec7a jk/add-i-read-error later to maint).
+
+ * "git send-email" did not handle RFC 2047 encoded headers quite
+ right.
+ (merge ab47e2a rd/send-email-2047-fix later to maint).
+
+ * New tag object format validation added in 2.2 showed garbage after
+ a tagname it reported in its error message.
+ (merge a1e920a js/fsck-tag-validation later to maint).
+
+ * The code that reads the reflog from the newer to the older entries
+ did not handle an entry that crosses a boundary of block it uses to
+ read them correctly.
+ (merge 69216bf jk/for-each-reflog-ent-reverse later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff -B -M" after making a new copy B out of an existing file
+ A and then editing A extensively ought to report that B was created
+ by copying A and A was modified, which is what "git diff -C"
+ reports, but it instead said A was renamed to B and A was edited
+ heavily in place. This was not just incoherent but also failed to
+ apply with "git apply". The report has been corrected to match what
+ "git diff -C" produces for this case.
+ (merge 6936b58 jc/diff-b-m later to maint).
+
+ * In files we pre-populate for the user to edit with commented hints,
+ a line of hint that is indented with a tab used to show as '#' (or
+ any comment char), ' ' (space), and then the hint text that began
+ with the tab, which some editors flag as an indentation error (tab
+ following space). We now omit the space after the comment char in
+ such a case.
+ (merge d55aeb7 jc/strbuf-add-lines-avoid-sp-ht-sequence later to maint).
+
+ * "git ls-tree" does not support path selection based on negative
+ pathspecs, but did not error out when negative pathspecs are given.
+ (merge f1f6224 nd/ls-tree-pathspec later to maint).
+
+ * The function sometimes returned a non-freeable memory and some
+ other times returned a piece of memory that must be freed, leading
+ to inevitable leaks.
+ (merge 59362e5 jc/exec-cmd-system-path-leak-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The code to abbreviate an object name to its short unique prefix
+ has been optimized when no abbreviation was requested.
+ (merge 61e704e mh/find-uniq-abbrev later to maint).
+
+ * "git add --ignore-errors ..." did not ignore an error to
+ give a file that did not exist.
+ (merge 1d31e5a mg/add-ignore-errors later to maint).
+
+ * "git checkout $treeish $path", when $path in the index and the
+ working tree already matched what is in $treeish at the $path,
+ still overwrote the $path unnecessarily.
+ (merge c5326bd jk/checkout-from-tree later to maint).
+
+ * "git config --get-color" did not parse its command line arguments
+ carefully.
+ (merge cb35722 jk/colors-fix later to maint).
+
+ * open() emulated on Windows platforms did not give EISDIR upon
+ an attempt to open a directory for writing.
+ (merge ba6fad0 js/windows-open-eisdir-error later to maint).
+
+ * A few code paths used abs() when they should have used labs() on
+ long integers.
+ (merge 83915ba rs/maint-config-use-labs later to maint).
+ (merge 31a8aa1 rs/receive-pack-use-labs later to maint).
+
+ * "gitweb" used to depend on a behaviour recent CGI.pm deprecated.
+ (merge 13dbf46 jk/gitweb-with-newer-cgi-multi-param later to maint).
+
+ * "git init" (hence "git clone") initialized the per-repository
+ configuration file .git/config with x-bit by mistake.
+ (merge 1f32ecf mh/config-flip-xbit-back-after-checking later to maint).
+
+ * Recent update in Git 2.2 started creating objects/info/packs and
+ info/refs files with permission bits tighter than user's umask.
+ (merge d91175b jk/prune-packed-server-info later to maint).
+
+ * Git 2.0 was supposed to make the "simple" mode for the default of
+ "git push", but it didn't.
+ (merge 00a6fa0 jk/push-simple later to maint).
+
+ * "Everyday" document had a broken link.
+ (merge 366c8d4 po/everyday-doc later to maint).
+
+ * A few test fixes.
+ (merge 880ef58 jk/no-perl-tests later to maint).
+
+ * The build procedure did not bother fixing perl and python scripts
+ when NO_PERL and NO_PYTHON build-time configuration changed.
+ (merge ca2051d jk/rebuild-perl-scripts-with-no-perl-seting-change later to maint).
+
+ * The usage string of "git log" command was marked incorrectly for
+ l10n.
+ (merge e66dc0c km/log-usage-string-i18n later to maint).
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" mishandled --format="%(upstream:track)" when a
+ branch is marked to have forked from a non-existing branch.
+ (merge b6160d9 rc/for-each-ref-tracking later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cf96186
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
+Git v2.3.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3
+----------------
+
+ * The interactive "show a list and let the user choose from it"
+ interface "add -i" used showed and prompted to the user even when
+ the candidate list was empty, against which the only "choice" the
+ user could have made was to choose nothing.
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" used to under-allocate the memory
+ when the fix resulted in a longer text than the original patch.
+
+ * "git log --help" used to show rev-list options that are irrelevant
+ to the "log" command.
+
+ * The error message from "git commit", when a non-existing author
+ name was given as value to the "--author=" parameter, has been
+ reworded to avoid misunderstanding.
+
+ * A broken pack .idx file in the receiving repository prevented the
+ dumb http transport from fetching a good copy of it from the other
+ side.
+
+ * The documentation incorrectly said that C(opy) and R(ename) are the
+ only ones that can be followed by the score number in the output in
+ the --raw format.
+
+ * Fix a misspelled conditional that is always true.
+
+ * Code to read branch name from various files in .git/ directory
+ would have misbehaved if the code to write them left an empty file.
+
+ * The "git push" documentation made the "--repo=<there>" option
+ easily misunderstood.
+
+ * After attempting and failing a password-less authentication
+ (e.g. kerberos), libcURL refuses to fall back to password based
+ Basic authentication without a bit of help/encouragement.
+
+ * Setting diff.submodule to 'log' made "git format-patch" produce
+ broken patches.
+
+ * "git rerere" (invoked internally from many mergy operations) did
+ not correctly signal errors when told to update the working tree
+ files and failed to do so for whatever reason.
+
+ * "git blame HEAD -- missing" failed to correctly say "HEAD" when it
+ tried to say "No such path 'missing' in HEAD".
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..93462e4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,79 @@
+Git v2.3.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.1
+------------------
+
+ * "update-index --refresh" used to leak when an entry cannot be
+ refreshed for whatever reason.
+
+ * "git fast-import" used to crash when it could not close and
+ conclude the resulting packfile cleanly.
+
+ * "git blame" died, trying to free an uninitialized piece of memory.
+
+ * "git merge-file" did not work correctly in a subdirectory.
+
+ * "git submodule add" failed to squash "path/to/././submodule" to
+ "path/to/submodule".
+
+ * In v2.2.0, we broke "git prune" that runs in a repository that
+ borrows from an alternate object store.
+
+ * Certain older vintages of cURL give irregular output from
+ "curl-config --vernum", which confused our build system.
+
+ * An earlier workaround to squelch unhelpful deprecation warnings
+ from the compiler on Mac OSX unnecessarily set minimum required
+ version of the OS, which the user might want to raise (or lower)
+ for other reasons.
+
+ * Longstanding configuration variable naming rules has been added to
+ the documentation.
+
+ * The credential helper for Windows (in contrib/) used to mishandle
+ a user name with an at-sign in it.
+
+ * Older GnuPG implementations may not correctly import the keyring
+ material we prepare for the tests to use.
+
+ * Clarify in the documentation that "remote.<nick>.pushURL" and
+ "remote.<nick>.URL" are there to name the same repository accessed
+ via different transports, not two separate repositories.
+
+ * The pack bitmap support did not build with older versions of GCC.
+
+ * Reading configuration from a blob object, when it ends with a lone
+ CR, use to confuse the configuration parser.
+
+ * We didn't format an integer that wouldn't fit in "int" but in
+ "uintmax_t" correctly.
+
+ * "git push --signed" gave an incorrectly worded error message when
+ the other side did not support the capability.
+
+ * "git fetch" over a remote-helper that cannot respond to "list"
+ command could not fetch from a symbolic reference e.g. HEAD.
+
+ * The insn sheet "git rebase -i" creates did not fully honor
+ core.abbrev settings.
+
+ * The tests that wanted to see that file becomes unreadable after
+ running "chmod a-r file", and the tests that wanted to make sure it
+ is not run as root, we used "can we write into the / directory?" as
+ a cheap substitute, but on some platforms that is not a good
+ heuristics. The tests and their prerequisites have been updated to
+ check what they really require.
+
+ * The configuration variable 'mailinfo.scissors' was hard to
+ discover in the documentation.
+
+ * Correct a breakage to git-svn around v2.2 era that triggers
+ premature closing of FileHandle.
+
+ * Even though we officially haven't dropped Perl 5.8 support, the
+ Getopt::Long package that came with it does not support "--no-"
+ prefix to negate a boolean option; manually add support to help
+ people with older Getopt::Long package.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5ef1264
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+Git v2.3.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.2
+------------------
+
+ * A corrupt input to "git diff -M" used cause us to segfault.
+
+ * The borrowed code in kwset API did not follow our usual convention
+ to use "unsigned char" to store values that range from 0-255.
+
+ * Description given by "grep -h" for its --exclude-standard option
+ was phrased poorly.
+
+ * Documentaton for "git remote add" mentioned "--tags" and
+ "--no-tags" and it was not clear that fetch from the remote in
+ the future will use the default behaviour when neither is given
+ to override it.
+
+ * "git diff --shortstat --dirstat=changes" showed a dirstat based on
+ lines that was never asked by the end user in addition to the
+ dirstat that the user asked for.
+
+ * The interaction between "git submodule update" and the
+ submodule.*.update configuration was not clearly documented.
+
+ * "git apply" was not very careful about reading from, removing,
+ updating and creating paths outside the working tree (under
+ --index/--cached) or the current directory (when used as a
+ replacement for GNU patch).
+
+ * "git daemon" looked up the hostname even when "%CH" and "%IP"
+ interpolations are not requested, which was unnecessary.
+
+ * The "interpolated-path" option of "git daemon" inserted any string
+ client declared on the "host=" capability request without checking.
+ Sanitize and limit %H and %CH to a saner and a valid DNS name.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..094c7b8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+Git v2.3.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.3
+------------------
+
+ * The 'color.status.unmerged' configuration was not described.
+
+ * "git log --decorate" did not reset colors correctly around the
+ branch names.
+
+ * "git -C '' subcmd" refused to work in the current directory, unlike
+ "cd ''" which silently behaves as a no-op.
+
+ * "git imap-send" learned to optionally talk with an IMAP server via
+ libcURL; because there is no other option when Git is built with
+ NO_OPENSSL option, use that codepath by default under such
+ configuration.
+
+ * A workaround for certain build of GPG that triggered false breakage
+ in a test has been added.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" recently started to include the number of
+ commits in the insn sheet to be processed, but on a platform
+ that prepends leading whitespaces to "wc -l" output, the numbers
+ are shown with extra whitespaces that aren't necessary.
+
+ * We did not parse username followed by literal IPv6 address in SSH
+ transport URLs, e.g. ssh://user@[2001:db8::1]:22/repo.git
+ correctly.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5b309db
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+Git v2.3.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.4
+------------------
+
+ * The prompt script (in contrib/) did not show the untracked sign
+ when working in a subdirectory without any untracked files.
+
+ * Even though "git grep --quiet" is run merely to ask for the exit
+ status, we spawned the pager regardless. Stop doing that.
+
+ * Recommend format-patch and send-email for those who want to submit
+ patches to this project.
+
+ * An failure early in the "git clone" that started creating the
+ working tree and repository could have resulted in some directories
+ and files left without getting cleaned up.
+
+ * "git fetch" that fetches a commit using the allow-tip-sha1-in-want
+ extension could have failed to fetch all the requested refs.
+
+ * The split-index mode introduced at v2.3.0-rc0~41 was broken in the
+ codepath to protect us against a broken reimplementation of Git
+ that writes an invalid index with duplicated index entries, etc.
+
+ * "git prune" used to largely ignore broken refs when deciding which
+ objects are still being used, which could spread an existing small
+ damage and make it a larger one.
+
+ * "git tag -h" used to show the "--column" and "--sort" options
+ that are about listing in a wrong section.
+
+ * The transfer.hiderefs support did not quite work for smart-http
+ transport.
+
+ * The code that reads from the ctags file in the completion script
+ (in contrib/) did not spell ${param/pattern/string} substitution
+ correctly, which happened to work with bash but not with zsh.
+
+ * The explanation on "rebase --preserve-merges", "pull --rebase=preserve",
+ and "push --force-with-lease" in the documentation was unclear.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..432f770
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+Git v2.3.6 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.5
+------------------
+
+ * "diff-highlight" (in contrib/) used to show byte-by-byte
+ differences, which meant that multi-byte characters can be chopped
+ in the middle. It learned to pay attention to character boundaries
+ (assuming the UTF-8 payload).
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.7.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.7.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fc95812
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.7.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+Git v2.3.7 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.6
+------------------
+
+ * An earlier update to the parser that disects a URL broke an
+ address, followed by a colon, followed by an empty string (instead
+ of the port number), e.g. ssh://example.com:/path/to/repo.
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/) contaminated global namespace
+ and clobbered on a shell variable $x.
+
+ * The "git push --signed" protocol extension did not limit what the
+ "nonce" that is a server-chosen string can contain or how long it
+ can be, which was unnecessarily lax. Limit both the length and the
+ alphabet to a reasonably small space that can still have enough
+ entropy.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.8.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.8.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0b67268
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.8.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+Git v2.3.8 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.7
+------------------
+
+ * The usual "git diff" when seeing a file turning into a directory
+ showed a patchset to remove the file and create all files in the
+ directory, but "git diff --no-index" simply refused to work. Also,
+ when asked to compare a file and a directory, imitate POSIX "diff"
+ and compare the file with the file with the same name in the
+ directory, instead of refusing to run.
+
+ * The default $HOME/.gitconfig file created upon "git config --global"
+ that edits it had incorrectly spelled user.name and user.email
+ entries in it.
+
+ * "git commit --date=now" or anything that relies on approxidate lost
+ the daylight-saving-time offset.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cde64be
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,514 @@
+Git 2.4 Release Notes
+=====================
+
+Backward compatibility warning(s)
+---------------------------------
+
+This release has a few changes in the user-visible output from
+Porcelain commands. These are not meant to be parsed by scripts, but
+users still may want to be aware of the changes:
+
+ * The output from "git log --decorate" (and, more generally, the "%d"
+ format specifier used in the "--format=<string>" parameter to the
+ "git log" family of commands) has changed. It used to list "HEAD"
+ just like other branches; e.g.,
+
+ $ git log --decorate -1 master
+ commit bdb0f6788fa5e3cacc4315e9ff318a27b2676ff4 (HEAD, master)
+ ...
+
+ This release changes the output slightly when HEAD refers to a
+ branch whose name is also shown in the output. The above is now
+ shown as:
+
+ $ git log --decorate -1 master
+ commit bdb0f6788fa5e3cacc4315e9ff318a27b2676ff4 (HEAD -> master)
+ ...
+
+ * The phrasing "git branch" uses to describe a detached HEAD has been
+ updated to agree with the phrasing used by "git status":
+
+ - When HEAD is at the same commit as when it was originally
+ detached, they now both show "detached at <commit object name>".
+
+ - When HEAD has moved since it was originally detached, they now
+ both show "detached from <commit object name>".
+
+ Previously, "git branch" always used "from".
+
+
+Updates since v2.3
+------------------
+
+Ports
+
+ * Our default I/O size (8 MiB) for large files was too large for some
+ platforms with smaller SSIZE_MAX, leading to read(2)/write(2)
+ failures.
+
+ * We did not check the curl library version before using the
+ CURLOPT_PROXYAUTH feature, which did not exist in older versions of
+ the library.
+
+ * We now detect number of CPUs on older BSD-derived systems.
+
+ * Portability fixes and workarounds for shell scripts have been added
+ to help BSD-derived systems.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * The command usage info strings given by "git cmd -h" and in
+ documentation have been tweaked for consistency.
+
+ * The "sync" subcommand of "git p4" now allows users to exclude
+ subdirectories like its "clone" subcommand does.
+
+ * "git log --invert-grep --grep=WIP" will show only commits that do
+ not have the string "WIP" in their messages.
+
+ * "git push" has been taught an "--atomic" option that makes a push
+ that updates more than one ref an "all-or-none" affair.
+
+ * Extending the "push to deploy" feature that was added in 2.3, the
+ behaviour of "git push" when updating the branch that is checked
+ out can now be tweaked by a "push-to-checkout" hook.
+
+ * HTTP-based transports now send Accept-Language when making
+ requests. The languages to accept are inferred from environment
+ variables on the client side (LANGUAGE, etc).
+
+ * "git send-email" used to accept a mistaken "y" (or "yes") as an
+ answer to "What encoding do you want to use [UTF-8]?" without
+ questioning. Now it asks for confirmation when the answer looks too
+ short to be a valid encoding name.
+
+ * When "git apply --whitespace=fix" fixed whitespace errors in the
+ common context lines, the command reports that it did so.
+
+ * "git status" now allows the "-v" option to be given twice, in which
+ case it also shows the differences in the working tree that are not
+ staged to be committed.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" used to clean up the log message even when it is
+ merely replaying an existing commit. It now replays the message
+ verbatim unless you are editing the message of the resulting
+ commit.
+
+ * "git archive" can now be told to set the 'text' attribute in the
+ resulting zip archive.
+
+ * Output from "git log --decorate" now distinguishes between a
+ detached HEAD vs. a HEAD that points at a branch.
+
+ This is a potentially backward-incompatible change; see above for
+ more information.
+
+ * When HEAD was detached when at commit xyz and hasn't been moved
+ since it was detached, "git status" would report "detached at xyz"
+ whereas "git branch" would report "detached from xyz". Now the
+ output of "git branch" agrees with that of "git status".
+
+ This is a potentially backward-incompatible change; see above for
+ more information.
+
+ * "git -C '' subcmd" now works in the current directory (analogously
+ to "cd ''") rather than dying with an error message.
+ (merge 6a536e2 kn/git-cd-to-empty later to maint).
+
+ * The versionsort.prereleaseSuffix configuration variable can be used
+ to specify that, for example, v1.0-pre1 comes before v1.0.
+
+ * A new "push.followTags" configuration turns the "--follow-tags"
+ option on by default for the "git push" command.
+
+ * "git log --graph --no-walk A B..." is a nonsensical combination of
+ options: "--no-walk" requests discrete points in the history, while
+ "--graph" asks to draw connections between these discrete points.
+ Forbid the use of these options together.
+
+ * "git rev-list --bisect --first-parent" does not work (yet) and can
+ even cause SEGV; forbid it. "git log --bisect --first-parent" would
+ not be useful until "git bisect --first-parent" materializes, so
+ also forbid it for now.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * Slightly change the implementation of the N_() macro to help us
+ detect mistakes.
+
+ * Restructure the implementation of "reflog expire" to fit better
+ with the recently updated reference API.
+
+ * The transport-helper did not pass transport options such as
+ verbosity, progress, cloning, etc. to import and export based
+ helpers, like it did for fetch and push based helpers, robbing them
+ of the chance to honor the wish of the end-users better.
+
+ * The tests that wanted to see that a file becomes unreadable after
+ running "chmod a-r file", and the tests that wanted to make sure
+ that they are not run as root, used "can we write into the /
+ directory?" as a cheap substitute. But on some platforms that is
+ not a good heuristic. The tests and their prerequisites have been
+ updated to check what they really require.
+ (merge f400e51 jk/sanity later to maint).
+
+ * Various issues around "reflog expire", e.g. using --updateref when
+ expiring a reflog for a symbolic reference, have been corrected
+ and/or made saner.
+
+ * The documentation for the strbuf API had been split between the API
+ documentation and the header file. Consolidate the documentation in
+ strbuf.h.
+
+ * The error handling functions and conventions are now documented in
+ the API manual (in api-error-handling.txt).
+
+ * Optimize gitattribute look-up, mostly useful in "git grep" on a
+ project that does not use many attributes, by avoiding it when we
+ (should) know that the attributes are not defined in the first
+ place.
+
+ * Typofix in comments.
+ (merge ef2956a ak/git-pm-typofix later to maint).
+
+ * Code clean-up.
+ (merge 0b868f0 sb/hex-object-name-is-at-most-41-bytes-long later to maint).
+ (merge 5d30851 dp/remove-duplicated-header-inclusion later to maint).
+
+ * Simplify the ref transaction API for verifying that "the ref should
+ be pointing at this object".
+
+ * Simplify the code in "git daemon" that parses out and holds
+ hostnames used in request interpolation.
+
+ * Restructure the "git push" codepath to make it easier to add new
+ configuration bits.
+
+ * The run-command interface made it easy to make a pipe for us to
+ read from a process, wait for the process to finish, and then
+ attempt to read its output. But this pattern can lead to deadlock.
+ So introduce a helper to do this correctly (i.e., first read, and
+ then wait the process to finish) and also add code to prevent such
+ abuse in the run-command helper.
+
+ * People often forget to chain the commands in their test together
+ with &&, letting a failure from an earlier command in the test go
+ unnoticed. The new GIT_TEST_CHAIN_LINT mechanism allows you to
+ catch such a mistake more easily.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.3
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.3 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git blame HEAD -- missing" failed to correctly say "HEAD" when it
+ tried to say "No such path 'missing' in HEAD".
+ (merge a46442f jk/blame-commit-label later to maint).
+
+ * "git rerere" (invoked internally from many mergy operations) did
+ not correctly signal errors when it attempted to update the working
+ tree files but failed for whatever reason.
+ (merge 89ea903 jn/rerere-fail-on-auto-update-failure later to maint).
+
+ * Setting diff.submodule to 'log' made "git format-patch" produce
+ broken patches.
+ (merge 339de50 dk/format-patch-ignore-diff-submodule later to maint).
+
+ * After attempting and failing a password-less authentication (e.g.,
+ Kerberos), libcURL refuses to fall back to password-based Basic
+ authentication without a bit of help/encouragement.
+ (merge 4dbe664 bc/http-fallback-to-password-after-krb-fails later to maint).
+
+ * The "git push" documentation for the "--repo=<there>" option was
+ easily misunderstood.
+ (merge 57b92a7 mg/push-repo-option-doc later to maint).
+
+ * Code to read a branch name from various files in the .git/
+ directory would have overrun array limits if asked to read an empty
+ file.
+ (merge 66ec904 jk/status-read-branch-name-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Remove a superfluous conditional that is always true.
+ (merge 94ee8e2 jk/remote-curl-an-array-in-struct-cannot-be-null later to maint).
+
+ * The "git diff --raw" documentation incorrectly implied that C(opy)
+ and R(ename) are the only statuses that can be followed by a score
+ number.
+ (merge ac1c2d9 jc/diff-format-doc later to maint).
+
+ * A broken pack .idx file in the receiving repository prevented the
+ dumb http transport from fetching a good copy of it from the other
+ side.
+ (merge 8b9c2dd jk/dumb-http-idx-fetch-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The error message from "git commit", when a non-existing author
+ name was given as value to the "--author=" parameter, has been
+ reworded to avoid misunderstanding.
+ (merge 1044b1f mg/commit-author-no-match-malformed-message later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --help" used to show rev-list options that are irrelevant
+ to the "log" command.
+ (merge 3cab02d jc/doc-log-rev-list-options later to maint).
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" used to under-allocate memory when the
+ fix resulted in a longer text than the original patch.
+ (merge 407a792 jc/apply-ws-fix-expands later to maint).
+
+ * The interactive "show a list and let the user choose from it"
+ interface used by "git add -i" unnecessarily prompted the user even
+ when the candidate list was empty, against which the only "choice"
+ the user could have made was to choose nothing.
+ (merge a9c4641 ak/add-i-empty-candidates later to maint).
+
+ * The todo list created by "git rebase -i" did not fully honor
+ core.abbrev settings.
+ (merge edb72d5 ks/rebase-i-abbrev later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch" over a remote-helper that cannot respond to the "list"
+ command could not fetch from a symbolic reference (e.g., HEAD).
+ (merge 33cae54 mh/deref-symref-over-helper-transport later to maint).
+
+ * "git push --signed" gave an incorrectly worded error message when
+ the other side did not support the capability.
+
+ * The "git push --signed" protocol extension did not limit what the
+ "nonce" (a server-chosen string) could contain nor how long it
+ could be, which was unnecessarily lax. Limit both the length and
+ the alphabet to a reasonably small space that can still have enough
+ entropy.
+ (merge afcb6ee jc/push-cert later to maint).
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/) clobbered the shell variable $x
+ in the global shell namespace.
+ (merge 852ff1c ma/bash-completion-leaking-x later to maint).
+
+ * We incorrectly formatted a "uintmax_t" integer that doesn't fit in
+ "int".
+ (merge d306f3d jk/decimal-width-for-uintmax later to maint).
+
+ * The configuration parser used to be confused when reading
+ configuration from a blob object that ends with a lone CR.
+ (merge 1d0655c jk/config-no-ungetc-eof later to maint).
+
+ * The pack bitmap support did not build with older versions of GCC.
+ (merge bd4e882 jk/pack-bitmap later to maint).
+
+ * The documentation wasn't clear that "remote.<nick>.pushURL" and
+ "remote.<nick>.URL" are there to name the same repository accessed
+ via different transports, not two separate repositories.
+ (merge 697f652 jc/remote-set-url-doc later to maint).
+
+ * Older GnuPG implementations may not correctly import the keyring
+ material we prepare for the tests to use.
+ (merge 1f985d6 ch/new-gpg-drops-rfc-1991 later to maint).
+
+ * The credential helper for Windows (in contrib/) used to mishandle
+ user names that contain an at-sign.
+ (merge 13d261e av/wincred-with-at-in-username-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "diff-highlight" (in contrib/) used to show byte-by-byte
+ differences, which could cause multi-byte characters to be chopped
+ in the middle. It learned to pay attention to character boundaries
+ (assuming UTF-8).
+ (merge 8d00662 jk/colors later to maint).
+
+ * Document longstanding configuration variable naming rules in
+ CodingGuidelines.
+ (merge 35840a3 jc/conf-var-doc later to maint).
+
+ * An earlier workaround to squelch unhelpful deprecation warnings
+ from the compiler on OS X unnecessarily set a minimum required
+ version of the OS, which the user might want to raise (or lower)
+ for other reasons.
+ (merge 88c03eb es/squelch-openssl-warnings-on-macosx later to maint).
+
+ * Certain older vintages of cURL give irregular output from
+ "curl-config --vernum", which confused our build system.
+ (merge 3af6792 tc/curl-vernum-output-broken-in-7.11 later to maint).
+
+ * In v2.2.0, we broke "git prune" that runs in a repository that
+ borrows from an alternate object store.
+ (merge b0a4264 jk/prune-mtime later to maint).
+
+ * "git submodule add" failed to squash "path/to/././submodule" to
+ "path/to/submodule".
+ (merge 8196e72 ps/submodule-sanitize-path-upon-add later to maint).
+
+ * "git merge-file" did not work correctly when invoked in a
+ subdirectory.
+ (merge 204a8ff ab/merge-file-prefix later to maint).
+
+ * "git blame" could die trying to free an uninitialized piece of
+ memory.
+ (merge e600592 es/blame-commit-info-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git fast-import" used to crash when it could not close and
+ finalize the resulting packfile cleanly.
+ (merge 5e915f3 jk/fast-import-die-nicely-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "update-index --refresh" used to leak memory when an entry could
+ not be refreshed for whatever reason.
+ (merge bc1c2ca sb/plug-leak-in-make-cache-entry later to maint).
+
+ * The "interpolated-path" option of "git daemon" inserted any string
+ the client declared on the "host=" capability request without
+ checking. Sanitize and limit %H and %CH to a saner and a valid DNS
+ name.
+ (merge b485373 jk/daemon-interpolate later to maint).
+
+ * "git daemon" unnecessarily looked up the hostname even when "%CH"
+ and "%IP" interpolations were not requested.
+ (merge dc8edc8 rs/daemon-interpolate later to maint).
+
+ * We relied on "--no-" prefix handling in Perl's Getopt::Long
+ package, even though that support didn't exist in Perl 5.8 (which
+ we still support). Manually add support to help people with older
+ Getopt::Long packages.
+ (merge f471494 km/send-email-getopt-long-workarounds later to maint).
+
+ * "git apply" was not very careful about reading from, removing,
+ updating and creating paths outside the working tree (under
+ --index/--cached) or the current directory (when used as a
+ replacement for GNU patch).
+ (merge e0d201b jc/apply-beyond-symlink later to maint).
+
+ * Correct a breakage in git-svn, introduced around the v2.2 era, that
+ can cause FileHandles to be closed prematurely.
+ (merge e426311 ew/svn-maint-fixes later to maint).
+
+ * We did not parse usernames followed by literal IPv6 addresses
+ correctly in SSH transport URLs; e.g.,
+ ssh://user@[2001:db8::1]:22/repo.git.
+ (merge 6b6c5f7 tb/connect-ipv6-parse-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The configuration variable 'mailinfo.scissors' was hard to
+ discover in the documentation.
+ (merge afb5de7 mm/am-c-doc later to maint).
+
+ * The interaction between "git submodule update" and the
+ submodule.*.update configuration was not clearly documented.
+ (merge 5c31acf ms/submodule-update-config-doc later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff --shortstat" used together with "--dirstat=changes" or
+ "--dirstat=files" incorrectly output dirstat information twice.
+ (merge ab27389 mk/diff-shortstat-dirstat-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The manpage for "git remote add" mentioned "--tags" and "--no-tags"
+ but did not explain what happens if neither option is provided.
+ (merge aaba0ab mg/doc-remote-tags-or-not later to maint).
+
+ * The description of "--exclude-standard option" in the output of
+ "git grep -h" was phrased poorly.
+ (merge 77fdb8a nd/grep-exclude-standard-help-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase -i" recently started to include the number of commits
+ in the todo list, but that output included extraneous whitespace on
+ a platform that prepends leading whitespaces to its "wc -l" output.
+ (merge 2185d3b es/rebase-i-count-todo later to maint).
+
+ * The borrowed code in the kwset API did not follow our usual
+ convention to use "unsigned char" to store values that range from
+ 0-255.
+ (merge 189c860 bw/kwset-use-unsigned later to maint).
+
+ * A corrupt input to "git diff -M" used to cause it to segfault.
+ (merge 4d6be03 jk/diffcore-rename-duplicate later to maint).
+
+ * Certain builds of GPG triggered false breakages in a test.
+ (merge 3f88c1b mg/verify-commit later to maint).
+
+ * "git imap-send" learned to optionally talk with an IMAP server via
+ libcURL. Because there is no other option when Git is built with
+ the NO_OPENSSL option, use libcURL by default in that case.
+ (merge dcd01ea km/imap-send-libcurl-options later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --decorate" did not reset colors correctly around the
+ branch names.
+ (merge 5ee8758 jc/decorate-leaky-separator-color later to maint).
+
+ * The code that reads from the ctags file in the completion script
+ (in contrib/) did not spell ${param/pattern/string} substitution
+ correctly, which happened to work with bash but not with zsh.
+ (merge db8d750 js/completion-ctags-pattern-substitution-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The transfer.hiderefs support did not quite work for smart-http
+ transport.
+ (merge 8ddf3ca jk/smart-http-hide-refs later to maint).
+
+ * In the "git tag -h" output, move the documentation for the
+ "--column" and "--sort" options to the "Tag listing options"
+ section.
+ (merge dd059c6 jk/tag-h-column-is-a-listing-option later to maint).
+
+ * "git prune" used to largely ignore broken refs when deciding which
+ objects are still being used, which could cause reference
+ corruption to lead to object loss.
+ (merge ea56c4e jk/prune-with-corrupt-refs later to maint).
+
+ * The split-index mode introduced in v2.3.0-rc0~41 was broken in the
+ codepath to protect us against a broken reimplementation of Git
+ that writes an invalid index with duplicated index entries, etc.
+ (merge 03f15a7 tg/fix-check-order-with-split-index later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch", when fetching a commit using the
+ allow-tip-sha1-in-want extension, could have failed to fetch all of
+ the requested refs.
+ (merge 32d0462 jk/fetch-pack later to maint).
+
+ * An failure early in the "git clone" that started creating the
+ working tree and repository could have resulted in the failure to
+ clean up some directories and files.
+ (merge 16eff6c jk/cleanup-failed-clone later to maint).
+
+ * Recommend format-patch and send-email for those who want to submit
+ patches to this project.
+ (merge b25c469 jc/submitting-patches-mention-send-email later to maint).
+
+ * Do not spawn the pager when "git grep" is run with "--quiet".
+ (merge c2048f0 ws/grep-quiet-no-pager later to maint).
+
+ * The prompt script (in contrib/) did not show the untracked sign
+ when working in a subdirectory without any untracked files.
+ (merge 9bdc517 ct/prompt-untracked-fix later to maint).
+
+ * An earlier update to the URL parser broke an address that contains
+ a colon but an empty string for the port number, like
+ ssh://example.com:/path/to/repo.
+ (merge 6b6c5f7 tb/connect-ipv6-parse-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Code cleanups and documentation updates.
+ (merge 2ce63e9 rs/simple-cleanups later to maint).
+ (merge 33baa69 rj/no-xopen-source-for-cygwin later to maint).
+ (merge 817d03e jc/diff-test-updates later to maint).
+ (merge eb32c66 ak/t5516-typofix later to maint).
+ (merge bcd57cb mr/doc-clean-f-f later to maint).
+ (merge 0d6accc mg/doc-status-color-slot later to maint).
+ (merge 53e53c7 sg/completion-remote later to maint).
+ (merge 8fa7975 ak/git-done-help-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge 9a6f128 rs/deflate-init-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge 6f75d45 rs/use-isxdigit later to maint).
+ (merge 376e4b3 jk/test-annoyances later to maint).
+ (merge 7032054 nd/doc-git-index-version later to maint).
+ (merge e869c5e tg/test-index-v4 later to maint).
+ (merge 599d223 jk/simplify-csum-file-sha1fd-check later to maint).
+ (merge 260d585 sg/completion-gitcomp-nl-for-refs later to maint).
+ (merge 777c55a jc/report-path-error-to-dir later to maint).
+ (merge fddfaf8 ph/push-doc-cas later to maint).
+ (merge d50d31e ss/pull-rebase-preserve later to maint).
+ (merge c8c3f1d pt/enter-repo-comment-fix later to maint).
+ (merge d7bfb9e jz/gitweb-conf-doc-fix later to maint).
+ (merge f907282 jk/cherry-pick-docfix later to maint).
+ (merge d3c0811 iu/fix-parse-options-h-comment later to maint).
+ (merge 6c3b2af jg/cguide-we-cannot-count later to maint).
+ (merge 2b8bd44 jk/pack-corruption-post-mortem later to maint).
+ (merge 9585cb8 jn/doc-fast-import-no-16-octopus-limit later to maint).
+ (merge 5dcd1b1 ps/grep-help-all-callback-arg later to maint).
+ (merge f1f4c84 va/fix-git-p4-tests later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a65a6c5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+Git v2.4.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4
+----------------
+
+ * The usual "git diff" when seeing a file turning into a directory
+ showed a patchset to remove the file and create all files in the
+ directory, but "git diff --no-index" simply refused to work. Also,
+ when asked to compare a file and a directory, imitate POSIX "diff"
+ and compare the file with the file with the same name in the
+ directory, instead of refusing to run.
+
+ * The default $HOME/.gitconfig file created upon "git config --global"
+ that edits it had incorrectly spelled user.name and user.email
+ entries in it.
+
+ * "git commit --date=now" or anything that relies on approxidate lost
+ the daylight-saving-time offset.
+
+ * "git cat-file bl $blob" failed to barf even though there is no
+ object type that is "bl".
+
+ * Teach the codepaths that read .gitignore and .gitattributes files
+ that these files encoded in UTF-8 may have UTF-8 BOM marker at the
+ beginning; this makes it in line with what we do for configuration
+ files already.
+
+ * Access to objects in repositories that borrow from another one on a
+ slow NFS server unnecessarily got more expensive due to recent code
+ becoming more cautious in a naive way not to lose objects to pruning.
+
+ * We avoid setting core.worktree when the repository location is the
+ ".git" directory directly at the top level of the working tree, but
+ the code misdetected the case in which the working tree is at the
+ root level of the filesystem (which arguably is a silly thing to
+ do, but still valid).
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fb7aa97
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,247 @@
+Git 2.5 Release Notes
+=====================
+
+Updates since v2.4
+------------------
+
+Ports
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * "git p4" now detects the filetype (e.g. binary) correctly even when
+ the files are opened exclusively.
+
+ * git p4 attempts to better handle branches in Perforce.
+
+ * "git p4" learned "--changes-block-size <n>" to read the changes in
+ chunks from Perforce, instead of making one call to "p4 changes"
+ that may trigger "too many rows scanned" error from Perforce.
+
+ * "git show-branch --topics HEAD" (with no other arguments) did not
+ do anything interesting. Instead, contrast the given revision
+ against all the local branches by default.
+
+ * A replacement for contrib/workdir/git-new-workdir that does not
+ rely on symbolic links and make sharing of objects and refs safer
+ by making the borrowee and borrowers aware of each other.
+
+ * Tweak the sample "store" backend of the credential helper to honor
+ XDG configuration file locations when specified.
+
+ * A heuristic to help the "git <cmd> <revs> <pathspec>" command line
+ convention to catch mistyped paths is to make sure all the non-rev
+ parameters in the later part of the command line are names of the
+ files in the working tree, but that means "git grep $str -- \*.c"
+ must always be disambiguated with "--", because nobody sane will
+ create a file whose name literally is asterisk-dot-see. Loosen the
+ heuristic to declare that with a wildcard string the user likely
+ meant to give us a pathspec.
+
+ * "git merge FETCH_HEAD" learned that the previous "git fetch" could
+ be to create an Octopus merge, i.e. recording multiple branches
+ that are not marked as "not-for-merge"; this allows us to lose an
+ old style invocation "git merge <msg> HEAD $commits..." in the
+ implementation of "git pull" script; the old style syntax can now
+ be deprecated.
+
+ * Help us to find broken test script that splits the body part of the
+ test by mistaken use of wrong kind of quotes.
+ (merge d93d5d5 jc/test-prereq-validate later to maint).
+
+ * Developer support to automatically detect broken &&-chain in the
+ test scripts is now turned on by default.
+ (merge 92b269f jk/test-chain-lint later to maint).
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * "unsigned char [20]" used thoughout the code to represent object
+ names are being converted into a semi-opaque "struct object_id".
+ This effort is expected to interfere with other topics in flight,
+ but hopefully will give us one extra level of abstraction in the
+ end, when completed.
+
+ * Catch a programmer mistake to feed a pointer not an array to
+ ARRAY_SIZE() macro, by using a couple of GCC extensions.
+ (merge 89c855e ep/do-not-feed-a-pointer-to-array-size later to maint).
+
+ * Some error messages in "git config" were emitted without calling
+ the usual error() facility.
+
+ * When "add--interactive" splits a hunk into two overlapping hunks
+ and then let the user choose only one, it sometimes feeds an
+ incorrect patch text to "git apply". Add tests to demonstrate
+ this.
+
+ I have a slight suspicion that this may be $gmane/87202 coming back
+ and biting us (I seem to have said "let's run with this and see
+ what happens" back then).
+
+ * More line-ending tests.
+
+ * An earlier rewrite to use strbuf_getwholeline() instead of fgets(3)
+ to read packed-refs file revealed that the former is unacceptably
+ inefficient.
+
+ * The refs API uses ref_lock struct which had its own "int fd", even
+ though the same file descriptor was in the lock struct it contains.
+ Clean-up the code to lose this redundant field.
+
+ * Add the "--allow-unknown-type" option to "cat-file" to allow
+ inspecting loose objects of an experimental or a broken type.
+
+ * Many long-running operations show progress eye-candy, even when
+ they are later backgrounded. Hide the eye-candy when the process
+ is sent to the background instead.
+ (merge 9a9a41d lm/squelch-bg-progress later to maint).
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.4
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.4 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * Memory usage of "git index-pack" has been trimmed by tens of
+ per-cent.
+ (merge c6458e6 nd/slim-index-pack-memory-usage later to maint).
+
+ * "git rev-list --objects $old --not --all" to see if everything that
+ is reachable from $old is already connected to the existing refs
+ was very inefficient.
+ (merge b6e8a3b jk/still-interesting later to maint).
+
+ * "hash-object --literally" introduced in v2.2 was not prepared to
+ take a really long object type name.
+ (merge 1427a7f jc/hash-object later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase --quiet" was not quite quiet when there is nothing to
+ do.
+ (merge 22946a9 jk/rebase-quiet-noop later to maint).
+
+ * The completion for "log --decorate=" parameter value was incorrect.
+ (merge af16bda sg/complete-decorate-full-not-long later to maint).
+
+ * "filter-branch" corrupted commit log message that ends with an
+ incomplete line on platforms with some "sed" implementations that
+ munge such a line. Work it around by avoiding to use "sed".
+ (merge df06201 jk/filter-branch-use-of-sed-on-incomplete-line later to maint).
+
+ * "git daemon" fails to build from the source under NO_IPV6
+ configuration (regression in 2.4).
+ (merge d358f77 jc/daemon-no-ipv6-for-2.4.1 later to maint).
+
+ * Some time ago, "git blame" (incorrectly) lost the convert_to_git()
+ call when synthesizing a fake "tip" commit that represents the
+ state in the working tree, which broke folks who record the history
+ with LF line ending to make their project portabile across
+ platforms while terminating lines in their working tree files with
+ CRLF for their platform.
+ (merge 4bf256d tb/blame-resurrect-convert-to-git later to maint).
+
+ * We avoid setting core.worktree when the repository location is the
+ ".git" directory directly at the top level of the working tree, but
+ the code misdetected the case in which the working tree is at the
+ root level of the filesystem (which arguably is a silly thing to
+ do, but still valid).
+ (merge 84ccad8 jk/init-core-worktree-at-root later to maint).
+
+ * "git commit --date=now" or anything that relies on approxidate lost
+ the daylight-saving-time offset.
+ (merge f6e6362 jc/epochtime-wo-tz later to maint).
+
+ * Access to objects in repositories that borrow from another one on a
+ slow NFS server unnecessarily got more expensive due to recent code
+ becoming more cautious in a naive way not to lose objects to pruning.
+ (merge ee1c6c3 jk/prune-mtime later to maint).
+
+ * The codepaths that read .gitignore and .gitattributes files have been
+ taught that these files encoded in UTF-8 may have UTF-8 BOM marker at
+ the beginning; this makes it in line with what we do for configuration
+ files already.
+ (merge 27547e5 cn/bom-in-gitignore later to maint).
+
+ * a few helper scripts in the test suite did not report errors
+ correcty.
+ (merge de248e9 ep/fix-test-lib-functions-report later to maint).
+
+ * The default $HOME/.gitconfig file created upon "git config --global"
+ that edits it had incorrectly spelled user.name and user.email
+ entries in it.
+ (merge 7e11052 oh/fix-config-default-user-name-section later to maint).
+
+ * "git cat-file bl $blob" failed to barf even though there is no
+ object type that is "bl".
+ (merge b7994af jk/type-from-string-gently later to maint).
+
+ * The usual "git diff" when seeing a file turning into a directory
+ showed a patchset to remove the file and create all files in the
+ directory, but "git diff --no-index" simply refused to work. Also,
+ when asked to compare a file and a directory, imitate POSIX "diff"
+ and compare the file with the file with the same name in the
+ directory, instead of refusing to run.
+ (merge 0615173 jc/diff-no-index-d-f later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase -i" moved the "current" command from "todo" to "done" a
+ bit too prematurely, losing a step when a "pick" did not even start.
+ (merge 8cbc57c ph/rebase-i-redo later to maint).
+
+ * The connection initiation code for "ssh" transport tried to absorb
+ differences between the stock "ssh" and Putty-supplied "plink" and
+ its derivatives, but the logic to tell that we are using "plink"
+ variants were too loose and falsely triggered when "plink" appeared
+ anywhere in the path (e.g. "/home/me/bin/uplink/ssh").
+ (merge baaf233 bc/connect-plink later to maint).
+
+ * "git stash pop/apply" forgot to make sure that not just the working
+ tree is clean but also the index is clean. The latter is important
+ as a stash application can conflict and the index will be used for
+ conflict resolution.
+ (merge ed178ef jk/stash-require-clean-index later to maint).
+
+ * We have prepended $GIT_EXEC_PATH and the path "git" is installed in
+ (typically "/usr/bin") to $PATH when invoking subprograms and hooks
+ for almost eternity, but the original use case the latter tried to
+ support was semi-bogus (i.e. install git to /opt/foo/git and run it
+ without having /opt/foo on $PATH), and more importantly it has
+ become less and less relevant as Git grew more mainstream (i.e. the
+ users would _want_ to have it on their $PATH). Stop prepending the
+ path in which "git" is installed to users' $PATH, as that would
+ interfere the command search order people depend on (e.g. they may
+ not like versions of programs that are unrelated to Git in /usr/bin
+ and want to override them by having different ones in /usr/local/bin
+ and have the latter directory earlier in their $PATH).
+ (merge a0b4507 jk/git-no-more-argv0-path-munging later to maint).
+
+ * core.excludesfile (defaulting to $XDG_HOME/git/ignore) is supposed
+ to be overridden by repository-specific .git/info/exclude file, but
+ the order was swapped from the beginning. This belatedly fixes it.
+ (merge 099d2d8 jc/gitignore-precedence later to maint).
+
+ * After "git add -N", the path appeared in output of "git diff HEAD"
+ and "git diff --cached HEAD", leading "git status" to classify it
+ as "Changes to be committed". Such a path, however, is not yet to
+ be scheduled to be committed. "git diff" showed the change to the
+ path as modification, not as a "new file", in the header of its
+ output.
+
+ Treat such paths as "yet to be added to the index but Git already
+ know about them"; "git diff HEAD" and "git diff --cached HEAD"
+ should not talk about them, and "git diff" should show them as new
+ files yet to be added to the index.
+ (merge d95d728 nd/diff-i-t-a later to maint).
+
+ * Code cleanups and documentation updates.
+ (merge 0269f96 mm/usage-log-l-can-take-regex later to maint).
+ (merge 64f2589 nd/t1509-chroot-test later to maint).
+ (merge f86a374 sb/test-bitmap-free-at-end later to maint).
+ (merge 05bfc7d sb/line-log-plug-pairdiff-leak later to maint).
+ (merge 846e5df pt/xdg-config-path later to maint).
+ (merge 1154aa4 jc/plug-fmt-merge-msg-leak later to maint).
+ (merge 319b678 jk/sha1-file-reduce-useless-warnings later to maint).
+ (merge 9a35c14 fg/document-commit-message-stripping later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index fa71b5f..98fc4cc 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -57,7 +57,8 @@ change, the approach taken by the change, and if relevant how this
differs substantially from the prior version, are all good things
to have.
-Make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing.
+Make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing. See
+t/README for guidance.
When adding a new feature, make sure that you have new tests to show
the feature triggers the new behaviour when it should, and to show the
@@ -135,6 +136,11 @@ that is fine, but please mark it as such.
(4) Sending your patches.
+Learn to use format-patch and send-email if possible. These commands
+are optimized for the workflow of sending patches, avoiding many ways
+your existing e-mail client that is optimized for "multipart/*" mime
+type e-mails to corrupt and render your patches unusable.
+
People on the Git mailing list need to be able to read and
comment on the changes you are submitting. It is important for
a developer to be able to "quote" your changes, using standard
@@ -175,8 +181,11 @@ message starts, you can put a "From: " line to name that person.
You often want to add additional explanation about the patch,
other than the commit message itself. Place such "cover letter"
-material between the three dash lines and the diffstat. Git-notes
-can also be inserted using the `--notes` option.
+material between the three-dash line and the diffstat. For
+patches requiring multiple iterations of review and discussion,
+an explanation of changes between each iteration can be kept in
+Git-notes and inserted automatically following the three-dash
+line via `git format-patch --notes`.
Do not attach the patch as a MIME attachment, compressed or not.
Do not let your e-mail client send quoted-printable. Do not let
@@ -254,15 +263,15 @@ pretty simple: if you can certify the below:
person who certified (a), (b) or (c) and I have not modified
it.
- (d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
- are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
- personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
- maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
- this project or the open source license(s) involved.
+ (d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
+ are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
+ personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
+ maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
+ this project or the open source license(s) involved.
then you just add a line saying
- Signed-off-by: Random J Developer <random@developer.example.org>
+ Signed-off-by: Random J Developer <random@developer.example.org>
This line can be automatically added by Git if you run the git-commit
command with the -s option.
diff --git a/Documentation/blame-options.txt b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
index 0cebc4f..a09969b 100644
--- a/Documentation/blame-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
@@ -4,13 +4,13 @@
--root::
Do not treat root commits as boundaries. This can also be
- controlled via the `blame.showroot` config option.
+ controlled via the `blame.showRoot` config option.
--show-stats::
Include additional statistics at the end of blame output.
-L <start>,<end>::
--L :<regex>::
+-L :<funcname>::
Annotate only the given line range. May be specified multiple times.
Overlapping ranges are allowed.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index 9335ff2..0f668bb 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,8 @@ the fully qualified variable name of the variable itself is the last
dot-separated segment and the section name is everything before the last
dot. The variable names are case-insensitive, allow only alphanumeric
characters and `-`, and must start with an alphabetic character. Some
-variables may appear multiple times.
+variables may appear multiple times; we say then that the variable is
+multivalued.
Syntax
~~~~~~
@@ -25,7 +26,7 @@ blank lines are ignored.
The file consists of sections and variables. A section begins with
the name of the section in square brackets and continues until the next
-section begins. Section names are not case sensitive. Only alphanumeric
+section begins. Section names are case-insensitive. Only alphanumeric
characters, `-` and `.` are allowed in section names. Each variable
must belong to some section, which means that there must be a section
header before the first setting of a variable.
@@ -40,8 +41,8 @@ in the section header, like in the example below:
--------
Subsection names are case sensitive and can contain any characters except
-newline (doublequote `"` and backslash have to be escaped as `\"` and `\\`,
-respectively). Section headers cannot span multiple
+newline (doublequote `"` and backslash can be included by escaping them
+as `\"` and `\\`, respectively). Section headers cannot span multiple
lines. Variables may belong directly to a section or to a given subsection.
You can have `[section]` if you have `[section "subsection"]`, but you
don't need to.
@@ -53,38 +54,27 @@ restrictions as section names.
All the other lines (and the remainder of the line after the section
header) are recognized as setting variables, in the form
-'name = value'. If there is no equal sign on the line, the entire line
-is taken as 'name' and the variable is recognized as boolean "true".
+'name = value' (or just 'name', which is a short-hand to say that
+the variable is the boolean "true").
The variable names are case-insensitive, allow only alphanumeric characters
-and `-`, and must start with an alphabetic character. There can be more
-than one value for a given variable; we say then that the variable is
-multivalued.
-
-Leading and trailing whitespace in a variable value is discarded.
-Internal whitespace within a variable value is retained verbatim.
+and `-`, and must start with an alphabetic character.
-The values following the equals sign in variable assign are all either
-a string, an integer, or a boolean. Boolean values may be given as yes/no,
-1/0, true/false or on/off. Case is not significant in boolean values, when
-converting value to the canonical form using '--bool' type specifier;
-'git config' will ensure that the output is "true" or "false".
+A line that defines a value can be continued to the next line by
+ending it with a `\`; the backquote and the end-of-line are
+stripped. Leading whitespaces after 'name =', the remainder of the
+line after the first comment character '#' or ';', and trailing
+whitespaces of the line are discarded unless they are enclosed in
+double quotes. Internal whitespaces within the value are retained
+verbatim.
-String values may be entirely or partially enclosed in double quotes.
-You need to enclose variable values in double quotes if you want to
-preserve leading or trailing whitespace, or if the variable value contains
-comment characters (i.e. it contains '#' or ';').
-Double quote `"` and backslash `\` characters in variable values must
-be escaped: use `\"` for `"` and `\\` for `\`.
+Inside double quotes, double quote `"` and backslash `\` characters
+must be escaped: use `\"` for `"` and `\\` for `\`.
The following escape sequences (beside `\"` and `\\`) are recognized:
`\n` for newline character (NL), `\t` for horizontal tabulation (HT, TAB)
and `\b` for backspace (BS). Other char escape sequences (including octal
escape sequences) are invalid.
-Variable values ending in a `\` are continued on the next line in the
-customary UNIX fashion.
-
-Some variables may require a special value format.
Includes
~~~~~~~~
@@ -126,6 +116,60 @@ Example
path = foo ; expand "foo" relative to the current file
path = ~/foo ; expand "foo" in your $HOME directory
+
+Values
+~~~~~~
+
+Values of many variables are treated as a simple string, but there
+are variables that take values of specific types and there are rules
+as to how to spell them.
+
+boolean::
+
+ When a variable is said to take a boolean value, many
+ synonyms are accepted for 'true' and 'false'; these are all
+ case-insensitive.
+
+ true;; Boolean true can be spelled as `yes`, `on`, `true`,
+ or `1`. Also, a variable defined without `= <value>`
+ is taken as true.
+
+ false;; Boolean false can be spelled as `no`, `off`,
+ `false`, or `0`.
++
+When converting value to the canonical form using '--bool' type
+specifier; 'git config' will ensure that the output is "true" or
+"false" (spelled in lowercase).
+
+integer::
+ The value for many variables that specify various sizes can
+ be suffixed with `k`, `M`,... to mean "scale the number by
+ 1024", "by 1024x1024", etc.
+
+color::
+ The value for a variables that takes a color is a list of
+ colors (at most two) and attributes (at most one), separated
+ by spaces. The colors accepted are `normal`, `black`,
+ `red`, `green`, `yellow`, `blue`, `magenta`, `cyan` and
+ `white`; the attributes are `bold`, `dim`, `ul`, `blink` and
+ `reverse`. The first color given is the foreground; the
+ second is the background. The position of the attribute, if
+ any, doesn't matter. Attributes may be turned off specifically
+ by prefixing them with `no` (e.g., `noreverse`, `noul`, etc).
++
+Colors (foreground and background) may also be given as numbers between
+0 and 255; these use ANSI 256-color mode (but note that not all
+terminals may support this). If your terminal supports it, you may also
+specify 24-bit RGB values as hex, like `#ff0ab3`.
++
+The attributes are meant to be reset at the beginning of each item
+in the colored output, so setting color.decorate.branch to `black`
+will paint that branch name in a plain `black`, even if the previous
+thing on the same output line (e.g. opening parenthesis before the
+list of branch names in `log --decorate` output) is set to be
+painted with `bold` or some other attribute.
+
+
Variables
~~~~~~~~~
@@ -225,7 +269,7 @@ See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
+
The default is true (when core.filemode is not specified in the config file).
-core.ignorecase::
+core.ignoreCase::
If true, this option enables various workarounds to enable
Git to work better on filesystems that are not case sensitive,
like FAT. For example, if a directory listing finds
@@ -234,12 +278,12 @@ core.ignorecase::
"Makefile".
+
The default is false, except linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1]
-will probe and set core.ignorecase true if appropriate when the repository
+will probe and set core.ignoreCase true if appropriate when the repository
is created.
-core.precomposeunicode::
+core.precomposeUnicode::
This option is only used by Mac OS implementation of Git.
- When core.precomposeunicode=true, Git reverts the unicode decomposition
+ When core.precomposeUnicode=true, Git reverts the unicode decomposition
of filenames done by Mac OS. This is useful when sharing a repository
between Mac OS and Linux or Windows.
(Git for Windows 1.7.10 or higher is needed, or Git under cygwin 1.7).
@@ -264,13 +308,13 @@ core.trustctime::
crawlers and some backup systems).
See linkgit:git-update-index[1]. True by default.
-core.checkstat::
+core.checkStat::
Determines which stat fields to match between the index
and work tree. The user can set this to 'default' or
'minimal'. Default (or explicitly 'default'), is to check
all fields, including the sub-second part of mtime and ctime.
-core.quotepath::
+core.quotePath::
The commands that output paths (e.g. 'ls-files',
'diff'), when not given the `-z` option, will quote
"unusual" characters in the pathname by enclosing the
@@ -375,14 +419,19 @@ This is useful for excluding servers inside a firewall from
proxy use, while defaulting to a common proxy for external domains.
core.ignoreStat::
- If true, commands which modify both the working tree and the index
- will mark the updated paths with the "assume unchanged" bit in the
- index. These marked files are then assumed to stay unchanged in the
- working tree, until you mark them otherwise manually - Git will not
- detect the file changes by lstat() calls. This is useful on systems
- where those are very slow, such as Microsoft Windows.
- See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
- False by default.
+ If true, Git will avoid using lstat() calls to detect if files have
+ changed by setting the "assume-unchanged" bit for those tracked files
+ which it has updated identically in both the index and working tree.
++
+When files are modified outside of Git, the user will need to stage
+the modified files explicitly (e.g. see 'Examples' section in
+linkgit:git-update-index[1]).
+Git will not normally detect changes to those files.
++
+This is useful on systems where lstat() calls are very slow, such as
+CIFS/Microsoft Windows.
++
+False by default.
core.preferSymlinkRefs::
Instead of the default "symref" format for HEAD
@@ -404,6 +453,8 @@ false), while all other repositories are assumed to be bare (bare
core.worktree::
Set the path to the root of the working tree.
+ If GIT_COMMON_DIR environment variable is set, core.worktree
+ is ignored and not used for determining the root of working tree.
This can be overridden by the GIT_WORK_TREE environment
variable and the '--work-tree' command-line option.
The value can be an absolute path or relative to the path to
@@ -469,9 +520,9 @@ core.compression::
-1 is the zlib default. 0 means no compression,
and 1..9 are various speed/size tradeoffs, 9 being slowest.
If set, this provides a default to other compression variables,
- such as 'core.loosecompression' and 'pack.compression'.
+ such as 'core.looseCompression' and 'pack.compression'.
-core.loosecompression::
+core.looseCompression::
An integer -1..9, indicating the compression level for objects that
are not in a pack file. -1 is the zlib default. 0 means no
compression, and 1..9 are various speed/size tradeoffs, 9 being
@@ -532,7 +583,7 @@ be delta compressed, but larger binary media files won't be.
+
Common unit suffixes of 'k', 'm', or 'g' are supported.
-core.excludesfile::
+core.excludesFile::
In addition to '.gitignore' (per-directory) and
'.git/info/exclude', Git looks into this file for patterns
of files which are not meant to be tracked. "`~/`" is expanded
@@ -541,7 +592,7 @@ core.excludesfile::
If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/ignore
is used instead. See linkgit:gitignore[5].
-core.askpass::
+core.askPass::
Some commands (e.g. svn and http interfaces) that interactively
ask for a password can be told to use an external program given
via the value of this variable. Can be overridden by the 'GIT_ASKPASS'
@@ -550,11 +601,11 @@ core.askpass::
prompt. The external program shall be given a suitable prompt as
command-line argument and write the password on its STDOUT.
-core.attributesfile::
+core.attributesFile::
In addition to '.gitattributes' (per-directory) and
'.git/info/attributes', Git looks into this file for attributes
(see linkgit:gitattributes[5]). Path expansions are made the same
- way as for `core.excludesfile`. Its default value is
+ way as for `core.excludesFile`. Its default value is
$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/attributes. If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not
set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/attributes is used instead.
@@ -564,7 +615,7 @@ core.editor::
variable when it is set, and the environment variable
`GIT_EDITOR` is not set. See linkgit:git-var[1].
-core.commentchar::
+core.commentChar::
Commands such as `commit` and `tag` that lets you edit
messages consider a line that begins with this character
commented, and removes them after the editor returns
@@ -573,6 +624,12 @@ core.commentchar::
If set to "auto", `git-commit` would select a character that is not
the beginning character of any line in existing commit messages.
+core.packedRefsTimeout::
+ The length of time, in milliseconds, to retry when trying to
+ lock the `packed-refs` file. Value 0 means not to retry at
+ all; -1 means to try indefinitely. Default is 1000 (i.e.,
+ retry for 1 second).
+
sequence.editor::
Text editor used by `git rebase -i` for editing the rebase instruction file.
The value is meant to be interpreted by the shell when it is used.
@@ -633,7 +690,7 @@ core.whitespace::
is relevant for `indent-with-non-tab` and when Git fixes `tab-in-indent`
errors. The default tab width is 8. Allowed values are 1 to 63.
-core.fsyncobjectfiles::
+core.fsyncObjectFiles::
This boolean will enable 'fsync()' when writing object files.
+
This is a total waste of time and effort on a filesystem that orders
@@ -641,7 +698,7 @@ data writes properly, but can be useful for filesystems that do not use
journalling (traditional UNIX filesystems) or that only journal metadata
and not file contents (OS X's HFS+, or Linux ext3 with "data=writeback").
-core.preloadindex::
+core.preloadIndex::
Enable parallel index preload for operations like 'git diff'
+
This can speed up operations like 'git diff' and 'git status' especially
@@ -678,14 +735,13 @@ core.abbrev::
for abbreviated object names to stay unique for sufficiently long
time.
-add.ignore-errors::
add.ignoreErrors::
+add.ignore-errors (deprecated)::
Tells 'git add' to continue adding files when some files cannot be
added due to indexing errors. Equivalent to the '--ignore-errors'
- option of linkgit:git-add[1]. Older versions of Git accept only
- `add.ignore-errors`, which does not follow the usual naming
- convention for configuration variables. Newer versions of Git
- honor `add.ignoreErrors` as well.
+ option of linkgit:git-add[1]. `add.ignore-errors` is deprecated,
+ as it does not follow the usual naming convention for configuration
+ variables.
alias.*::
Command aliases for the linkgit:git[1] command wrapper - e.g.
@@ -713,7 +769,7 @@ am.keepcr::
by giving '--no-keep-cr' from the command line.
See linkgit:git-am[1], linkgit:git-mailsplit[1].
-apply.ignorewhitespace::
+apply.ignoreWhitespace::
When set to 'change', tells 'git apply' to ignore changes in
whitespace, in the same way as the '--ignore-space-change'
option.
@@ -725,7 +781,7 @@ apply.whitespace::
Tells 'git apply' how to handle whitespaces, in the same way
as the '--whitespace' option. See linkgit:git-apply[1].
-branch.autosetupmerge::
+branch.autoSetupMerge::
Tells 'git branch' and 'git checkout' to set up new branches
so that linkgit:git-pull[1] will appropriately merge from the
starting point branch. Note that even if this option is not set,
@@ -737,7 +793,7 @@ branch.autosetupmerge::
local branch or remote-tracking
branch. This option defaults to true.
-branch.autosetuprebase::
+branch.autoSetupRebase::
When a new branch is created with 'git branch' or 'git checkout'
that tracks another branch, this variable tells Git to set
up pull to rebase instead of merge (see "branch.<name>.rebase").
@@ -748,27 +804,27 @@ branch.autosetuprebase::
remote-tracking branches.
When `always`, rebase will be set to true for all tracking
branches.
- See "branch.autosetupmerge" for details on how to set up a
+ See "branch.autoSetupMerge" for details on how to set up a
branch to track another branch.
This option defaults to never.
branch.<name>.remote::
When on branch <name>, it tells 'git fetch' and 'git push'
which remote to fetch from/push to. The remote to push to
- may be overridden with `remote.pushdefault` (for all branches).
+ may be overridden with `remote.pushDefault` (for all branches).
The remote to push to, for the current branch, may be further
- overridden by `branch.<name>.pushremote`. If no remote is
+ overridden by `branch.<name>.pushRemote`. If no remote is
configured, or if you are not on any branch, it defaults to
- `origin` for fetching and `remote.pushdefault` for pushing.
+ `origin` for fetching and `remote.pushDefault` for pushing.
Additionally, `.` (a period) is the current local repository
(a dot-repository), see `branch.<name>.merge`'s final note below.
-branch.<name>.pushremote::
+branch.<name>.pushRemote::
When on branch <name>, it overrides `branch.<name>.remote` for
- pushing. It also overrides `remote.pushdefault` for pushing
+ pushing. It also overrides `remote.pushDefault` for pushing
from branch <name>. When you pull from one place (e.g. your
upstream) and push to another place (e.g. your own publishing
- repository), you would want to set `remote.pushdefault` to
+ repository), you would want to set `remote.pushDefault` to
specify the remote to push to for all branches, and use this
option to override it for a specific branch.
@@ -790,7 +846,7 @@ branch.<name>.merge::
branch.<name>.merge to the desired branch, and use the relative path
setting `.` (a period) for branch.<name>.remote.
-branch.<name>.mergeoptions::
+branch.<name>.mergeOptions::
Sets default options for merging into branch <name>. The syntax and
supported options are the same as those of linkgit:git-merge[1], but
option values containing whitespace characters are currently not
@@ -842,18 +898,6 @@ color.branch.<slot>::
`remote` (a remote-tracking branch in refs/remotes/),
`upstream` (upstream tracking branch), `plain` (other
refs).
-+
-The value for these configuration variables is a list of colors (at most
-two) and attributes (at most one), separated by spaces. The colors
-accepted are `normal`, `black`, `red`, `green`, `yellow`, `blue`,
-`magenta`, `cyan` and `white`; the attributes are `bold`, `dim`, `ul`,
-`blink` and `reverse`. The first color given is the foreground; the
-second is the background. The position of the attribute, if any,
-doesn't matter.
-+
-Colors (foreground and background) may also be given as numbers between
-0 and 255; these use ANSI 256-color mode (but note that not all
-terminals may support this).
color.diff::
Whether to use ANSI escape sequences to add color to patches.
@@ -873,8 +917,7 @@ color.diff.<slot>::
of `plain` (context text), `meta` (metainformation), `frag`
(hunk header), 'func' (function in hunk header), `old` (removed lines),
`new` (added lines), `commit` (commit headers), or `whitespace`
- (highlighting whitespace errors). The values of these variables may be
- specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
+ (highlighting whitespace errors).
color.decorate.<slot>::
Use customized color for 'git log --decorate' output. `<slot>` is one
@@ -911,8 +954,6 @@ color.grep.<slot>::
separators between fields on a line (`:`, `-`, and `=`)
and between hunks (`--`)
--
-+
-The values of these variables may be specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
color.interactive::
When set to `always`, always use colors for interactive prompts
@@ -925,14 +966,13 @@ color.interactive.<slot>::
Use customized color for 'git add --interactive' and 'git clean
--interactive' output. `<slot>` may be `prompt`, `header`, `help`
or `error`, for four distinct types of normal output from
- interactive commands. The values of these variables may be
- specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
+ interactive commands.
color.pager::
A boolean to enable/disable colored output when the pager is in
use (default is true).
-color.showbranch::
+color.showBranch::
A boolean to enable/disable color in the output of
linkgit:git-show-branch[1]. May be set to `always`,
`false` (or `never`) or `auto` (or `true`), in which case colors are used
@@ -950,10 +990,10 @@ color.status.<slot>::
`added` or `updated` (files which are added but not committed),
`changed` (files which are changed but not added in the index),
`untracked` (files which are not tracked by Git),
- `branch` (the current branch), or
+ `branch` (the current branch),
`nobranch` (the color the 'no branch' warning is shown in, defaulting
- to red). The values of these variables may be specified as in
- color.branch.<slot>.
+ to red), or
+ `unmerged` (files which have unmerged changes).
color.ui::
This variable determines the default value for variables such
@@ -1032,7 +1072,7 @@ commit.cleanup::
have to remove the help lines that begin with `#` in the commit log
template yourself, if you do this).
-commit.gpgsign::
+commit.gpgSign::
A boolean to specify whether all commits should be GPG signed.
Use of this option when doing operations such as rebase can
@@ -1145,7 +1185,7 @@ format.cc::
by mail. See the --to and --cc options in
linkgit:git-format-patch[1].
-format.subjectprefix::
+format.subjectPrefix::
The default for format-patch is to output files with the '[PATCH]'
subject prefix. Use this variable to change that prefix.
@@ -1155,7 +1195,7 @@ format.signature::
Set this variable to the empty string ("") to suppress
signature generation.
-format.signaturefile::
+format.signatureFile::
Works just like format.signature except the contents of the
file specified by this variable will be used as the signature.
@@ -1179,7 +1219,7 @@ format.thread::
A true boolean value is the same as `shallow`, and a false
value disables threading.
-format.signoff::
+format.signOff::
A boolean value which lets you enable the `-s/--signoff` option of
format-patch by default. *Note:* Adding the Signed-off-by: line to a
patch should be a conscious act and means that you certify you have
@@ -1218,17 +1258,17 @@ gc.auto::
light-weight garbage collection from time to time. The
default value is 6700. Setting this to 0 disables it.
-gc.autopacklimit::
+gc.autoPackLimit::
When there are more than this many packs that are not
marked with `*.keep` file in the repository, `git gc
--auto` consolidates them into one larger pack. The
default value is 50. Setting this to 0 disables it.
-gc.autodetach::
+gc.autoDetach::
Make `git gc --auto` return immediately and run in background
if the system supports it. Default is true.
-gc.packrefs::
+gc.packRefs::
Running `git pack-refs` in a repository renders it
unclonable by Git versions prior to 1.5.1.2 over dumb
transports such as HTTP. This variable determines whether
@@ -1236,38 +1276,45 @@ gc.packrefs::
to enable it within all non-bare repos or it can be set to a
boolean value. The default is `true`.
-gc.pruneexpire::
+gc.pruneExpire::
When 'git gc' is run, it will call 'prune --expire 2.weeks.ago'.
Override the grace period with this config variable. The value
"now" may be used to disable this grace period and always prune
unreachable objects immediately.
-gc.reflogexpire::
-gc.<pattern>.reflogexpire::
+gc.pruneWorktreesExpire::
+ When 'git gc' is run, it will call
+ 'prune --worktrees --expire 3.months.ago'.
+ Override the grace period with this config variable. The value
+ "now" may be used to disable the grace period and prune
+ $GIT_DIR/worktrees immediately.
+
+gc.reflogExpire::
+gc.<pattern>.reflogExpire::
'git reflog expire' removes reflog entries older than
this time; defaults to 90 days. With "<pattern>" (e.g.
"refs/stash") in the middle the setting applies only to
the refs that match the <pattern>.
-gc.reflogexpireunreachable::
-gc.<ref>.reflogexpireunreachable::
+gc.reflogExpireUnreachable::
+gc.<ref>.reflogExpireUnreachable::
'git reflog expire' removes reflog entries older than
this time and are not reachable from the current tip;
defaults to 30 days. With "<pattern>" (e.g. "refs/stash")
in the middle, the setting applies only to the refs that
match the <pattern>.
-gc.rerereresolved::
+gc.rerereResolved::
Records of conflicted merge you resolved earlier are
kept for this many days when 'git rerere gc' is run.
The default is 60 days. See linkgit:git-rerere[1].
-gc.rerereunresolved::
+gc.rerereUnresolved::
Records of conflicted merge you have not resolved are
kept for this many days when 'git rerere gc' is run.
The default is 15 days. See linkgit:git-rerere[1].
-gitcvs.commitmsgannotation::
+gitcvs.commitMsgAnnotation::
Append this string to each commit message. Set to empty string
to disable this feature. Defaults to "via git-CVS emulator".
@@ -1275,7 +1322,7 @@ gitcvs.enabled::
Whether the CVS server interface is enabled for this repository.
See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
-gitcvs.logfile::
+gitcvs.logFile::
Path to a log file where the CVS server interface well... logs
various stuff. See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
@@ -1287,10 +1334,10 @@ gitcvs.usecrlfattr::
treat it as text. If they suppress text conversion, the file
will be set with '-kb' mode, which suppresses any newline munging
the client might otherwise do. If the attributes do not allow
- the file type to be determined, then 'gitcvs.allbinary' is
+ the file type to be determined, then 'gitcvs.allBinary' is
used. See linkgit:gitattributes[5].
-gitcvs.allbinary::
+gitcvs.allBinary::
This is used if 'gitcvs.usecrlfattr' does not resolve
the correct '-kb' mode to use. If true, all
unresolved files are sent to the client in
@@ -1300,7 +1347,7 @@ gitcvs.allbinary::
then the contents of the file are examined to decide if
it is binary, similar to 'core.autocrlf'.
-gitcvs.dbname::
+gitcvs.dbName::
Database used by git-cvsserver to cache revision information
derived from the Git repository. The exact meaning depends on the
used database driver, for SQLite (which is the default driver) this
@@ -1308,7 +1355,7 @@ gitcvs.dbname::
linkgit:git-cvsserver[1] for details). May not contain semicolons (`;`).
Default: '%Ggitcvs.%m.sqlite'
-gitcvs.dbdriver::
+gitcvs.dbDriver::
Used Perl DBI driver. You can specify any available driver
for this here, but it might not work. git-cvsserver is tested
with 'DBD::SQLite', reported to work with 'DBD::Pg', and
@@ -1316,10 +1363,10 @@ gitcvs.dbdriver::
May not contain double colons (`:`). Default: 'SQLite'.
See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
-gitcvs.dbuser, gitcvs.dbpass::
- Database user and password. Only useful if setting 'gitcvs.dbdriver',
+gitcvs.dbUser, gitcvs.dbPass::
+ Database user and password. Only useful if setting 'gitcvs.dbDriver',
since SQLite has no concept of database users and/or passwords.
- 'gitcvs.dbuser' supports variable substitution (see
+ 'gitcvs.dbUser' supports variable substitution (see
linkgit:git-cvsserver[1] for details).
gitcvs.dbTableNamePrefix::
@@ -1330,7 +1377,7 @@ gitcvs.dbTableNamePrefix::
characters will be replaced with underscores.
All gitcvs variables except for 'gitcvs.usecrlfattr' and
-'gitcvs.allbinary' can also be specified as
+'gitcvs.allBinary' can also be specified as
'gitcvs.<access_method>.<varname>' (where 'access_method'
is one of "ext" and "pserver") to make them apply only for the given
access method.
@@ -1348,7 +1395,7 @@ gitweb.highlight::
gitweb.patches::
gitweb.pickaxe::
gitweb.remote_heads::
-gitweb.showsizes::
+gitweb.showSizes::
gitweb.snapshot::
See linkgit:gitweb.conf[5] for description.
@@ -1377,15 +1424,15 @@ gpg.program::
signed, and the program is expected to send the result to its
standard output.
-gui.commitmsgwidth::
+gui.commitMsgWidth::
Defines how wide the commit message window is in the
linkgit:git-gui[1]. "75" is the default.
-gui.diffcontext::
+gui.diffContext::
Specifies how many context lines should be used in calls to diff
made by the linkgit:git-gui[1]. The default is "5".
-gui.displayuntracked::
+gui.displayUntracked::
Determines if linkgit::git-gui[1] shows untracked files
in the file list. The default is "true".
@@ -1397,16 +1444,16 @@ gui.encoding::
If this option is not set, the tools default to the
locale encoding.
-gui.matchtrackingbranch::
+gui.matchTrackingBranch::
Determines if new branches created with linkgit:git-gui[1] should
default to tracking remote branches with matching names or
not. Default: "false".
-gui.newbranchtemplate::
+gui.newBranchTemplate::
Is used as suggested name when creating new branches using the
linkgit:git-gui[1].
-gui.pruneduringfetch::
+gui.pruneDuringFetch::
"true" if linkgit:git-gui[1] should prune remote-tracking branches when
performing a fetch. The default value is "false".
@@ -1414,17 +1461,17 @@ gui.trustmtime::
Determines if linkgit:git-gui[1] should trust the file modification
timestamp or not. By default the timestamps are not trusted.
-gui.spellingdictionary::
+gui.spellingDictionary::
Specifies the dictionary used for spell checking commit messages in
the linkgit:git-gui[1]. When set to "none" spell checking is turned
off.
-gui.fastcopyblame::
+gui.fastCopyBlame::
If true, 'git gui blame' uses `-C` instead of `-C -C` for original
location detection. It makes blame significantly faster on huge
repositories at the expense of less thorough copy detection.
-gui.copyblamethreshold::
+gui.copyBlameThreshold::
Specifies the threshold to use in 'git gui blame' original location
detection, measured in alphanumeric characters. See the
linkgit:git-blame[1] manual for more information on copy detection.
@@ -1444,22 +1491,22 @@ guitool.<name>.cmd::
'FILENAME', and the name of the current branch as 'CUR_BRANCH' (if
the head is detached, 'CUR_BRANCH' is empty).
-guitool.<name>.needsfile::
+guitool.<name>.needsFile::
Run the tool only if a diff is selected in the GUI. It guarantees
that 'FILENAME' is not empty.
-guitool.<name>.noconsole::
+guitool.<name>.noConsole::
Run the command silently, without creating a window to display its
output.
-guitool.<name>.norescan::
+guitool.<name>.noRescan::
Don't rescan the working directory for changes after the tool
finishes execution.
guitool.<name>.confirm::
Show a confirmation dialog before actually running the tool.
-guitool.<name>.argprompt::
+guitool.<name>.argPrompt::
Request a string argument from the user, and pass it to the tool
through the 'ARGS' environment variable. Since requesting an
argument implies confirmation, the 'confirm' option has no effect
@@ -1467,13 +1514,13 @@ guitool.<name>.argprompt::
the dialog uses a built-in generic prompt; otherwise the exact
value of the variable is used.
-guitool.<name>.revprompt::
+guitool.<name>.revPrompt::
Request a single valid revision from the user, and set the
'REVISION' environment variable. In other aspects this option
- is similar to 'argprompt', and can be used together with it.
+ is similar to 'argPrompt', and can be used together with it.
-guitool.<name>.revunmerged::
- Show only unmerged branches in the 'revprompt' subdialog.
+guitool.<name>.revUnmerged::
+ Show only unmerged branches in the 'revPrompt' subdialog.
This is useful for tools similar to merge or rebase, but not
for things like checkout or reset.
@@ -1483,7 +1530,7 @@ guitool.<name>.title::
guitool.<name>.prompt::
Specifies the general prompt string to display at the top of
- the dialog, before subsections for 'argprompt' and 'revprompt'.
+ the dialog, before subsections for 'argPrompt' and 'revPrompt'.
The default value includes the actual command.
help.browser::
@@ -1495,7 +1542,7 @@ help.format::
Values 'man', 'info', 'web' and 'html' are supported. 'man' is
the default. 'web' and 'html' are the same.
-help.autocorrect::
+help.autoCorrect::
Automatically correct and execute mistyped commands after
waiting for the given number of deciseconds (0.1 sec). If more
than one command can be deduced from the entered text, nothing
@@ -1504,7 +1551,7 @@ help.autocorrect::
value is 0 - the command will be just shown but not executed.
This is the default.
-help.htmlpath::
+help.htmlPath::
Specify the path where the HTML documentation resides. File system paths
and URLs are supported. HTML pages will be prefixed with this path when
help is displayed in the 'web' format. This defaults to the documentation
@@ -1516,17 +1563,30 @@ http.proxy::
`curl(1)`). This can be overridden on a per-remote basis; see
remote.<name>.proxy
-http.cookiefile::
+http.cookieFile::
File containing previously stored cookie lines which should be used
in the Git http session, if they match the server. The file format
of the file to read cookies from should be plain HTTP headers or
the Netscape/Mozilla cookie file format (see linkgit:curl[1]).
- NOTE that the file specified with http.cookiefile is only used as
+ NOTE that the file specified with http.cookieFile is only used as
input unless http.saveCookies is set.
-http.savecookies::
+http.saveCookies::
If set, store cookies received during requests to the file specified by
- http.cookiefile. Has no effect if http.cookiefile is unset.
+ http.cookieFile. Has no effect if http.cookieFile is unset.
+
+http.sslCipherList::
+ A list of SSL ciphers to use when negotiating an SSL connection.
+ The available ciphers depend on whether libcurl was built against
+ NSS or OpenSSL and the particular configuration of the crypto
+ library in use. Internally this sets the 'CURLOPT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST'
+ option; see the libcurl documentation for more details on the format
+ of this list.
++
+Can be overridden by the 'GIT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST' environment variable.
+To force git to use libcurl's default cipher list and ignore any
+explicit http.sslCipherList option, set 'GIT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST' to the
+empty string.
http.sslVerify::
Whether to verify the SSL certificate when fetching or pushing
@@ -1597,7 +1657,7 @@ http.noEPSV::
support EPSV mode. Can be overridden by the 'GIT_CURL_FTP_NO_EPSV'
environment variable. Default is false (curl will use EPSV).
-http.useragent::
+http.userAgent::
The HTTP USER_AGENT string presented to an HTTP server. The default
value represents the version of the client Git such as git/1.7.1.
This option allows you to override this value to a more common value
@@ -1670,7 +1730,7 @@ index.version::
Specify the version with which new index files should be
initialized. This does not affect existing repositories.
-init.templatedir::
+init.templateDir::
Specify the directory from which templates will be copied.
(See the "TEMPLATE DIRECTORY" section of linkgit:git-init[1].)
@@ -1686,7 +1746,7 @@ instaweb.local::
If true the web server started by linkgit:git-instaweb[1] will
be bound to the local IP (127.0.0.1).
-instaweb.modulepath::
+instaweb.modulePath::
The default module path for linkgit:git-instaweb[1] to use
instead of /usr/lib/apache2/modules. Only used if httpd
is Apache.
@@ -1695,7 +1755,7 @@ instaweb.port::
The port number to bind the gitweb httpd to. See
linkgit:git-instaweb[1].
-interactive.singlekey::
+interactive.singleKey::
In interactive commands, allow the user to provide one-letter
input with a single key (i.e., without hitting enter).
Currently this is used by the `--patch` mode of
@@ -1723,7 +1783,7 @@ log.decorate::
specified, the full ref name (including prefix) will be printed.
This is the same as the log commands '--decorate' option.
-log.showroot::
+log.showRoot::
If true, the initial commit will be shown as a big creation event.
This is equivalent to a diff against an empty tree.
Tools like linkgit:git-log[1] or linkgit:git-whatchanged[1], which
@@ -1733,6 +1793,13 @@ log.mailmap::
If true, makes linkgit:git-log[1], linkgit:git-show[1], and
linkgit:git-whatchanged[1] assume `--use-mailmap`.
+mailinfo.scissors::
+ If true, makes linkgit:git-mailinfo[1] (and therefore
+ linkgit:git-am[1]) act by default as if the --scissors option
+ was provided on the command-line. When active, this features
+ removes everything from the message body before a scissors
+ line (i.e. consisting mainly of ">8", "8<" and "-").
+
mailmap.file::
The location of an augmenting mailmap file. The default
mailmap, located in the root of the repository, is loaded
@@ -1953,7 +2020,7 @@ pack.useBitmaps::
true. You should not generally need to turn this off unless
you are debugging pack bitmaps.
-pack.writebitmaps::
+pack.writeBitmaps (deprecated)::
This is a deprecated synonym for `repack.writeBitmaps`.
pack.writeBitmapHashCache::
@@ -2072,14 +2139,20 @@ new default).
--
+push.followTags::
+ If set to true enable '--follow-tags' option by default. You
+ may override this configuration at time of push by specifying
+ '--no-follow-tags'.
+
+
rebase.stat::
Whether to show a diffstat of what changed upstream since the last
rebase. False by default.
-rebase.autosquash::
+rebase.autoSquash::
If set to true enable '--autosquash' option by default.
-rebase.autostash::
+rebase.autoStash::
When set to true, automatically create a temporary stash
before the operation begins, and apply it after the operation
ends. This means that you can run rebase on a dirty worktree.
@@ -2087,18 +2160,23 @@ rebase.autostash::
successful rebase might result in non-trivial conflicts.
Defaults to false.
+receive.advertiseAtomic::
+ By default, git-receive-pack will advertise the atomic push
+ capability to its clients. If you don't want to this capability
+ to be advertised, set this variable to false.
+
receive.autogc::
By default, git-receive-pack will run "git-gc --auto" after
receiving data from git-push and updating refs. You can stop
it by setting this variable to false.
-receive.certnonceseed::
+receive.certNonceSeed::
By setting this variable to a string, `git receive-pack`
will accept a `git push --signed` and verifies it by using
a "nonce" protected by HMAC using this string as a secret
key.
-receive.certnonceslop::
+receive.certNonceSlop::
When a `git push --signed` sent a push certificate with a
"nonce" that was issued by a receive-pack serving the same
repository within this many seconds, export the "nonce"
@@ -2144,6 +2222,17 @@ receive.denyCurrentBranch::
print a warning of such a push to stderr, but allow the push to
proceed. If set to false or "ignore", allow such pushes with no
message. Defaults to "refuse".
++
+Another option is "updateInstead" which will update the working
+tree if pushing into the current branch. This option is
+intended for synchronizing working directories when one side is not easily
+accessible via interactive ssh (e.g. a live web site, hence the requirement
+that the working directory be clean). This mode also comes in handy when
+developing inside a VM to test and fix code on different Operating Systems.
++
+By default, "updateInstead" will refuse the push if the working tree or
+the index have any difference from the HEAD, but the `push-to-checkout`
+hook can be used to customize this. See linkgit:githooks[5].
receive.denyNonFastForwards::
If set to true, git-receive-pack will deny a ref update which is
@@ -2151,7 +2240,7 @@ receive.denyNonFastForwards::
even if that push is forced. This configuration variable is
set when initializing a shared repository.
-receive.hiderefs::
+receive.hideRefs::
String(s) `receive-pack` uses to decide which refs to omit
from its initial advertisement. Use more than one
definitions to specify multiple prefix strings. A ref that
@@ -2160,18 +2249,18 @@ receive.hiderefs::
push`, and an attempt to update or delete a hidden ref by
`git push` is rejected.
-receive.updateserverinfo::
+receive.updateServerInfo::
If set to true, git-receive-pack will run git-update-server-info
after receiving data from git-push and updating refs.
-receive.shallowupdate::
+receive.shallowUpdate::
If set to true, .git/shallow can be updated when new refs
require new shallow roots. Otherwise those refs are rejected.
-remote.pushdefault::
+remote.pushDefault::
The remote to push to by default. Overrides
`branch.<name>.remote` for all branches, and is overridden by
- `branch.<name>.pushremote` for specific branches.
+ `branch.<name>.pushRemote` for specific branches.
remote.<name>.url::
The URL of a remote repository. See linkgit:git-fetch[1] or
@@ -2209,18 +2298,18 @@ remote.<name>.skipFetchAll::
remote.<name>.receivepack::
The default program to execute on the remote side when pushing. See
- option \--receive-pack of linkgit:git-push[1].
+ option --receive-pack of linkgit:git-push[1].
remote.<name>.uploadpack::
The default program to execute on the remote side when fetching. See
- option \--upload-pack of linkgit:git-fetch-pack[1].
+ option --upload-pack of linkgit:git-fetch-pack[1].
-remote.<name>.tagopt::
- Setting this value to \--no-tags disables automatic tag following when
- fetching from remote <name>. Setting it to \--tags will fetch every
+remote.<name>.tagOpt::
+ Setting this value to --no-tags disables automatic tag following when
+ fetching from remote <name>. Setting it to --tags will fetch every
tag from remote <name>, even if they are not reachable from remote
branch heads. Passing these flags directly to linkgit:git-fetch[1] can
- override this setting. See options \--tags and \--no-tags of
+ override this setting. See options --tags and --no-tags of
linkgit:git-fetch[1].
remote.<name>.vcs::
@@ -2237,7 +2326,7 @@ remotes.<group>::
The list of remotes which are fetched by "git remote update
<group>". See linkgit:git-remote[1].
-repack.usedeltabaseoffset::
+repack.useDeltaBaseOffset::
By default, linkgit:git-repack[1] creates packs that use
delta-base offset. If you need to share your repository with
Git older than version 1.4.4, either directly or via a dumb
@@ -2260,7 +2349,7 @@ repack.writeBitmaps::
space and extra time spent on the initial repack. Defaults to
false.
-rerere.autoupdate::
+rerere.autoUpdate::
When set to true, `git-rerere` updates the index with the
resulting contents after it cleanly resolves conflicts using
previously recorded resolution. Defaults to false.
@@ -2279,12 +2368,12 @@ sendemail.identity::
values in the 'sendemail' section. The default identity is
the value of 'sendemail.identity'.
-sendemail.smtpencryption::
+sendemail.smtpEncryption::
See linkgit:git-send-email[1] for description. Note that this
setting is not subject to the 'identity' mechanism.
-sendemail.smtpssl::
- Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.smtpencryption = ssl'.
+sendemail.smtpssl (deprecated)::
+ Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.smtpEncryption = ssl'.
sendemail.smtpsslcertpath::
Path to ca-certificates (either a directory or a single file).
@@ -2296,32 +2385,34 @@ sendemail.<identity>.*::
identity is selected, through command-line or
'sendemail.identity'.
-sendemail.aliasesfile::
-sendemail.aliasfiletype::
+sendemail.aliasesFile::
+sendemail.aliasFileType::
sendemail.annotate::
sendemail.bcc::
sendemail.cc::
-sendemail.cccmd::
-sendemail.chainreplyto::
+sendemail.ccCmd::
+sendemail.chainReplyTo::
sendemail.confirm::
-sendemail.envelopesender::
+sendemail.envelopeSender::
sendemail.from::
-sendemail.multiedit::
+sendemail.multiEdit::
sendemail.signedoffbycc::
-sendemail.smtppass::
+sendemail.smtpPass::
sendemail.suppresscc::
-sendemail.suppressfrom::
+sendemail.suppressFrom::
sendemail.to::
-sendemail.smtpdomain::
-sendemail.smtpserver::
-sendemail.smtpserverport::
-sendemail.smtpserveroption::
-sendemail.smtpuser::
+sendemail.smtpDomain::
+sendemail.smtpServer::
+sendemail.smtpServerPort::
+sendemail.smtpServerOption::
+sendemail.smtpUser::
sendemail.thread::
+sendemail.transferEncoding::
sendemail.validate::
+sendemail.xmailer::
See linkgit:git-send-email[1] for description.
-sendemail.signedoffcc::
+sendemail.signedoffcc (deprecated)::
Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.signedoffbycc'.
showbranch.default::
@@ -2368,7 +2459,7 @@ If this variable is not specified, it defaults to 'normal'.
This variable can be overridden with the -u|--untracked-files option
of linkgit:git-status[1] and linkgit:git-commit[1].
-status.submodulesummary::
+status.submoduleSummary::
Defaults to false.
If this is set to a non zero number or true (identical to -1 or an
unlimited number), the submodule summary will be enabled and a
@@ -2386,12 +2477,16 @@ status.submodulesummary::
submodule.<name>.path::
submodule.<name>.url::
+ The path within this project and URL for a submodule. These
+ variables are initially populated by 'git submodule init'. See
+ linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for
+ details.
+
submodule.<name>.update::
- The path within this project, URL, and the updating strategy
- for a submodule. These variables are initially populated
- by 'git submodule init'; edit them to override the
- URL and other values found in the `.gitmodules` file. See
- linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for details.
+ The default update procedure for a submodule. This variable
+ is populated by `git submodule init` from the
+ linkgit:gitmodules[5] file. See description of 'update'
+ command in linkgit:git-submodule[1].
submodule.<name>.branch::
The remote branch name for a submodule, used by `git submodule
@@ -2439,9 +2534,9 @@ transfer.fsckObjects::
not set, the value of this variable is used instead.
Defaults to false.
-transfer.hiderefs::
- This variable can be used to set both `receive.hiderefs`
- and `uploadpack.hiderefs` at the same time to the same
+transfer.hideRefs::
+ This variable can be used to set both `receive.hideRefs`
+ and `uploadpack.hideRefs` at the same time to the same
values. See entries for these other variables.
transfer.unpackLimit::
@@ -2456,7 +2551,7 @@ uploadarchive.allowUnreachable::
linkgit:git-upload-archive[1] for more details. Defaults to
`false`.
-uploadpack.hiderefs::
+uploadpack.hideRefs::
String(s) `upload-pack` uses to decide which refs to omit
from its initial advertisement. Use more than one
definitions to specify multiple prefix strings. A ref that
@@ -2466,12 +2561,12 @@ uploadpack.hiderefs::
fetch` will fail. See also `uploadpack.allowtipsha1inwant`.
uploadpack.allowtipsha1inwant::
- When `uploadpack.hiderefs` is in effect, allow `upload-pack`
+ When `uploadpack.hideRefs` is in effect, allow `upload-pack`
to accept a fetch request that asks for an object at the tip
of a hidden ref (by default, such a request is rejected).
- see also `uploadpack.hiderefs`.
+ see also `uploadpack.hideRefs`.
-uploadpack.keepalive::
+uploadpack.keepAlive::
When `upload-pack` has started `pack-objects`, there may be a
quiet period while `pack-objects` prepares the pack. Normally
it would output progress information, but if `--quiet` was used
@@ -2479,7 +2574,7 @@ uploadpack.keepalive::
the pack data begins. Some clients and networks may consider
the server to be hung and give up. Setting this option instructs
`upload-pack` to send an empty keepalive packet every
- `uploadpack.keepalive` seconds. Setting this option to 0
+ `uploadpack.keepAlive` seconds. Setting this option to 0
disables keepalive packets entirely. The default is 5 seconds.
url.<base>.insteadOf::
@@ -2516,13 +2611,25 @@ user.name::
Can be overridden by the 'GIT_AUTHOR_NAME' and 'GIT_COMMITTER_NAME'
environment variables. See linkgit:git-commit-tree[1].
-user.signingkey::
+user.signingKey::
If linkgit:git-tag[1] or linkgit:git-commit[1] is not selecting the
key you want it to automatically when creating a signed tag or
commit, you can override the default selection with this variable.
This option is passed unchanged to gpg's --local-user parameter,
so you may specify a key using any method that gpg supports.
+versionsort.prereleaseSuffix::
+ When version sort is used in linkgit:git-tag[1], prerelease
+ tags (e.g. "1.0-rc1") may appear after the main release
+ "1.0". By specifying the suffix "-rc" in this variable,
+ "1.0-rc1" will appear before "1.0".
++
+This variable can be specified multiple times, once per suffix. The
+order of suffixes in the config file determines the sorting order
+(e.g. if "-pre" appears before "-rc" in the config file then 1.0-preXX
+is sorted before 1.0-rcXX). The sorting order between different
+suffixes is undefined if they are in multiple config files.
+
web.browser::
Specify a web browser that may be used by some commands.
Currently only linkgit:git-instaweb[1] and linkgit:git-help[1]
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-config.txt b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
index b001779..6eaa452 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-diff.autorefreshindex::
+diff.autoRefreshIndex::
When using 'git diff' to compare with work tree
files, do not consider stat-only change as changed.
Instead, silently run `git update-index --refresh` to
@@ -75,11 +75,11 @@ diff.ignoreSubmodules::
commands such as 'git diff-files'. 'git checkout' also honors
this setting when reporting uncommitted changes. Setting it to
'all' disables the submodule summary normally shown by 'git commit'
- and 'git status' when 'status.submodulesummary' is set unless it is
+ and 'git status' when 'status.submoduleSummary' is set unless it is
overridden by using the --ignore-submodules command-line option.
The 'git submodule' commands are not affected by this setting.
-diff.mnemonicprefix::
+diff.mnemonicPrefix::
If set, 'git diff' uses a prefix pair that is different from the
standard "a/" and "b/" depending on what is being compared. When
this configuration is in effect, reverse diff output also swaps
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ diff.mnemonicprefix::
diff.noprefix::
If set, 'git diff' does not show any source or destination prefix.
-diff.orderfile::
+diff.orderFile::
File indicating how to order files within a diff, using
one shell glob pattern per line.
Can be overridden by the '-O' option to linkgit:git-diff[1].
@@ -148,7 +148,7 @@ diff.<driver>.textconv::
conversion is used to generate a human-readable diff. See
linkgit:gitattributes[5] for details.
-diff.<driver>.wordregex::
+diff.<driver>.wordRegex::
The regular expression that the diff driver should use to
split words in a line. See linkgit:gitattributes[5] for
details.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-format.txt b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
index 15c7e79..85b0890 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
@@ -66,7 +66,8 @@ be committed)
Status letters C and R are always followed by a score (denoting the
percentage of similarity between the source and target of the move or
-copy), and are the only ones to be so.
+copy). Status letter M may be followed by a score (denoting the
+percentage of dissimilarity) for file rewrites.
<sha1> is shown as all 0's if a file is new on the filesystem
and it is out of sync with the index.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
index 843a20b..bcf54da 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@ combined diff format
Any diff-generating command can take the `-c` or `--cc` option to
produce a 'combined diff' when showing a merge. This is the default
format when showing merges with linkgit:git-diff[1] or
-linkgit:git-show[1]. Note also that you can give the `-m' option to any
+linkgit:git-show[1]. Note also that you can give the `-m` option to any
of these commands to force generation of diffs with individual parents
of a merge.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
index 6cb083a..b7c3afe 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
@@ -23,7 +23,9 @@ ifndef::git-format-patch[]
-u::
--patch::
Generate patch (see section on generating patches).
- {git-diff? This is the default.}
+ifdef::git-diff[]
+ This is the default.
+endif::git-diff[]
endif::git-format-patch[]
-s::
@@ -42,7 +44,9 @@ endif::git-format-patch[]
ifndef::git-format-patch[]
--raw::
Generate the raw format.
- {git-diff-core? This is the default.}
+ifdef::git-diff-core[]
+ This is the default.
+endif::git-diff-core[]
endif::git-format-patch[]
ifndef::git-format-patch[]
@@ -432,8 +436,8 @@ endif::git-format-patch[]
-O<orderfile>::
Output the patch in the order specified in the
<orderfile>, which has one shell glob pattern per line.
- This overrides the `diff.orderfile` configuration variable
- (see linkgit:git-config[1]). To cancel `diff.orderfile`,
+ This overrides the `diff.orderFile` configuration variable
+ (see linkgit:git-config[1]). To cancel `diff.orderFile`,
use `-O/dev/null`.
ifndef::git-format-patch[]
diff --git a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
index b09a783..45583d8 100644
--- a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ endif::git-pull[]
By default, tags that point at objects that are downloaded
from the remote repository are fetched and stored locally.
This option disables this automatic tag following. The default
- behavior for a remote may be specified with the remote.<name>.tagopt
+ behavior for a remote may be specified with the remote.<name>.tagOpt
setting. See linkgit:git-config[1].
ifndef::git-pull[]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-add.txt b/Documentation/git-add.txt
index 9631526..fe5282f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-add.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-add.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-add - Add file contents to the index
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git add' [-n] [-v] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
+'git add' [--verbose | -v] [--dry-run | -n] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
[--edit | -e] [--[no-]all | --[no-]ignore-removal | [--update | -u]]
[--intent-to-add | -N] [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--ignore-missing]
[--] [<pathspec>...]
@@ -93,7 +93,8 @@ This effectively runs `add --interactive`, but bypasses the
initial command menu and directly jumps to the `patch` subcommand.
See ``Interactive mode'' for details.
--e, \--edit::
+-e::
+--edit::
Open the diff vs. the index in an editor and let the user
edit it. After the editor was closed, adjust the hunk headers
and apply the patch to the index.
@@ -173,7 +174,7 @@ for "git add --no-all <pathspec>...", i.e. ignored removed files.
Configuration
-------------
-The optional configuration variable `core.excludesfile` indicates a path to a
+The optional configuration variable `core.excludesFile` indicates a path to a
file containing patterns of file names to exclude from git-add, similar to
$GIT_DIR/info/exclude. Patterns in the exclude file are used in addition to
those in info/exclude. See linkgit:gitignore[5].
@@ -317,7 +318,7 @@ After deciding the fate for all hunks, if there is any hunk
that was chosen, the index is updated with the selected hunks.
+
You can omit having to type return here, by setting the configuration
-variable `interactive.singlekey` to `true`.
+variable `interactive.singleKey` to `true`.
diff::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-am.txt b/Documentation/git-am.txt
index d4ef16c..0d8ba48 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-am.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-am.txt
@@ -52,11 +52,23 @@ OPTIONS
-c::
--scissors::
Remove everything in body before a scissors line (see
- linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
+ linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]). Can be activated by default using
+ the `mailinfo.scissors` configuration variable.
--no-scissors::
Ignore scissors lines (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
+-m::
+--message-id::
+ Pass the `-m` flag to 'git mailinfo' (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]),
+ so that the Message-ID header is added to the commit message.
+ The `am.messageid` configuration variable can be used to specify
+ the default behaviour.
+
+--no-message-id::
+ Do not add the Message-ID header to the commit message.
+ `no-message-id` is useful to override `am.messageid`.
+
-q::
--quiet::
Be quiet. Only print error messages.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-apply.txt b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
index f605327..d9ed6a1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-apply.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--ignore-space-change | --ignore-whitespace ]
[--whitespace=(nowarn|warn|fix|error|error-all)]
[--exclude=<path>] [--include=<path>] [--directory=<root>]
- [--verbose] [<patch>...]
+ [--verbose] [--unsafe-paths] [<patch>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -229,10 +229,20 @@ For example, a patch that talks about updating `a/git-gui.sh` to `b/git-gui.sh`
can be applied to the file in the working tree `modules/git-gui/git-gui.sh` by
running `git apply --directory=modules/git-gui`.
+--unsafe-paths::
+ By default, a patch that affects outside the working area
+ (either a Git controlled working tree, or the current working
+ directory when "git apply" is used as a replacement of GNU
+ patch) is rejected as a mistake (or a mischief).
++
+When `git apply` is used as a "better GNU patch", the user can pass
+the `--unsafe-paths` option to override this safety check. This option
+has no effect when `--index` or `--cached` is in use.
+
Configuration
-------------
-apply.ignorewhitespace::
+apply.ignoreWhitespace::
Set to 'change' if you want changes in whitespace to be ignored by default.
Set to one of: no, none, never, false if you want changes in
whitespace to be significant.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
index 311b336..359619b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ When a local branch is started off a remote-tracking branch, Git sets up the
branch (specifically the `branch.<name>.remote` and `branch.<name>.merge`
configuration entries) so that 'git pull' will appropriately merge from
the remote-tracking branch. This behavior may be changed via the global
-`branch.autosetupmerge` configuration flag. That setting can be
+`branch.autoSetupMerge` configuration flag. That setting can be
overridden by using the `--track` and `--no-track` options, and
changed later using `git branch --set-upstream-to`.
@@ -166,14 +166,14 @@ This option is only applicable in non-verbose mode.
upstream when the new branch is checked out.
+
This behavior is the default when the start point is a remote-tracking branch.
-Set the branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable to `false` if you
+Set the branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable to `false` if you
want `git checkout` and `git branch` to always behave as if '--no-track'
were given. Set it to `always` if you want this behavior when the
start-point is either a local or remote-tracking branch.
--no-track::
Do not set up "upstream" configuration, even if the
- branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable is true.
+ branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable is true.
--set-upstream::
If specified branch does not exist yet or if `--force` has been
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
index f6a16f4..499ae7b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-cat-file - Provide content or type and size information for repository objec
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git cat-file' (-t | -s | -e | -p | <type> | --textconv ) <object>
+'git cat-file' (-t [--allow-unknown-type]| -s [--allow-unknown-type]| -e | -p | <type> | --textconv ) <object>
'git cat-file' (--batch | --batch-check) < <list-of-objects>
DESCRIPTION
@@ -69,6 +69,9 @@ OPTIONS
not be combined with any other options or arguments. See the
section `BATCH OUTPUT` below for details.
+--allow-unknown-type::
+ Allow -s or -t to query broken/corrupt objects of unknown type.
+
OUTPUT
------
If '-t' is specified, one of the <type>.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt b/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
index ee2e091..e35cd04 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
@@ -21,6 +21,9 @@ the exclude mechanism) that decides if the pathname is excluded or
included. Later patterns within a file take precedence over earlier
ones.
+By default, tracked files are not shown at all since they are not
+subject to exclude rules; but see `--no-index'.
+
OPTIONS
-------
-q, --quiet::
@@ -69,7 +72,7 @@ matching pattern, <source> is the pattern's source file, and <linenum>
is the line number of the pattern within that source. If the pattern
contained a `!` prefix or `/` suffix, it will be preserved in the
output. <source> will be an absolute path when referring to the file
-configured by `core.excludesfile`, or relative to the repository root
+configured by `core.excludesFile`, or relative to the repository root
when referring to `.git/info/exclude` or a per-directory exclude file.
If `-z` is specified, the pathnames in the output are delimited by the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
index 33ad2ad..d263a56 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ explicitly give a name with '-b' in such a case.
--no-track::
Do not set up "upstream" configuration, even if the
- branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable is true.
+ branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable is true.
-l::
Create the new branch's reflog; see linkgit:git-branch[1] for
@@ -210,7 +210,7 @@ the conflicted merge in the specified paths.
--conflict=<style>::
The same as --merge option above, but changes the way the
conflicting hunks are presented, overriding the
- merge.conflictstyle configuration variable. Possible values are
+ merge.conflictStyle configuration variable. Possible values are
"merge" (default) and "diff3" (in addition to what is shown by
"merge" style, shows the original contents).
@@ -225,6 +225,19 @@ This means that you can use `git checkout -p` to selectively discard
edits from your current working tree. See the ``Interactive Mode''
section of linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate the `--patch` mode.
+--to=<path>::
+ Check out a branch in a separate working directory at
+ `<path>`. A new working directory is linked to the current
+ repository, sharing everything except working directory
+ specific files such as HEAD, index... See "MULTIPLE WORKING
+ TREES" section for more information.
+
+--ignore-other-worktrees::
+ `git checkout` refuses when the wanted ref is already checked
+ out by another worktree. This option makes it check the ref
+ out anyway. In other words, the ref can be held by more than one
+ worktree.
+
<branch>::
Branch to checkout; if it refers to a branch (i.e., a name that,
when prepended with "refs/heads/", is a valid ref), then that
@@ -388,6 +401,71 @@ $ git reflog -2 HEAD # or
$ git log -g -2 HEAD
------------
+MULTIPLE WORKING TREES
+----------------------
+
+A git repository can support multiple working trees, allowing you to check
+out more than one branch at a time. With `git checkout --to` a new working
+tree is associated with the repository. This new working tree is called a
+"linked working tree" as opposed to the "main working tree" prepared by "git
+init" or "git clone". A repository has one main working tree (if it's not a
+bare repository) and zero or more linked working trees.
+
+Each linked working tree has a private sub-directory in the repository's
+$GIT_DIR/worktrees directory. The private sub-directory's name is usually
+the base name of the linked working tree's path, possibly appended with a
+number to make it unique. For example, when `$GIT_DIR=/path/main/.git` the
+command `git checkout --to /path/other/test-next next` creates the linked
+working tree in `/path/other/test-next` and also creates a
+`$GIT_DIR/worktrees/test-next` directory (or `$GIT_DIR/worktrees/test-next1`
+if `test-next` is already taken).
+
+Within a linked working tree, $GIT_DIR is set to point to this private
+directory (e.g. `/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next` in the example) and
+$GIT_COMMON_DIR is set to point back to the main working tree's $GIT_DIR
+(e.g. `/path/main/.git`). These settings are made in a `.git` file located at
+the top directory of the linked working tree.
+
+Path resolution via `git rev-parse --git-path` uses either
+$GIT_DIR or $GIT_COMMON_DIR depending on the path. For example, in the
+linked working tree `git rev-parse --git-path HEAD` returns
+`/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next/HEAD` (not
+`/path/other/test-next/.git/HEAD` or `/path/main/.git/HEAD`) while `git
+rev-parse --git-path refs/heads/master` uses
+$GIT_COMMON_DIR and returns `/path/main/.git/refs/heads/master`,
+since refs are shared across all working trees.
+
+See linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5] for more information. The rule of
+thumb is do not make any assumption about whether a path belongs to
+$GIT_DIR or $GIT_COMMON_DIR when you need to directly access something
+inside $GIT_DIR. Use `git rev-parse --git-path` to get the final path.
+
+When you are done with a linked working tree you can simply delete it.
+The working tree's entry in the repository's $GIT_DIR/worktrees
+directory will eventually be removed automatically (see
+`gc.pruneworktreesexpire` in linkgit::git-config[1]), or you can run
+`git prune --worktrees` in the main or any linked working tree to
+clean up any stale entries in $GIT_DIR/worktrees.
+
+If you move a linked working directory to another file system, or
+within a file system that does not support hard links, you need to run
+at least one git command inside the linked working directory
+(e.g. `git status`) in order to update its entry in $GIT_DIR/worktrees
+so that it does not get automatically removed.
+
+To prevent a $GIT_DIR/worktrees entry from from being pruned (which
+can be useful in some situations, such as when the
+entry's working tree is stored on a portable device), add a file named
+'locked' to the entry's directory. The file contains the reason in
+plain text. For example, if a linked working tree's `.git` file points
+to `/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next` then a file named
+`/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next/locked` will prevent the
+`test-next` entry from being pruned. See
+linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5] for details.
+
+Multiple checkout support for submodules is incomplete. It is NOT
+recommended to make multiple checkouts of a superproject.
+
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
index 1c03c79..1147c71 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
@@ -131,7 +131,8 @@ effect to your index in a row.
--keep-redundant-commits::
If a commit being cherry picked duplicates a commit already in the
current history, it will become empty. By default these
- redundant commits are ignored. This option overrides that behavior and
+ redundant commits cause `cherry-pick` to stop so the user can
+ examine the commit. This option overrides that behavior and
creates an empty commit object. Implies `--allow-empty`.
--strategy=<strategy>::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clean.txt b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
index 94b6d19..641681f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clean.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
@@ -34,8 +34,12 @@ OPTIONS
-f::
--force::
If the Git configuration variable clean.requireForce is not set
- to false, 'git clean' will refuse to run unless given -f, -n or
- -i.
+ to false, 'git clean' will refuse to delete files or directories
+ unless given -f, -n or -i. Git will refuse to delete directories
+ with .git sub directory or file unless a second -f
+ is given. This affects also git submodules where the storage area
+ of the removed submodule under .git/modules/ is not removed until
+ -f is given twice.
-i::
--interactive::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clone.txt b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
index 0363d00..f1f2a3f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clone.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git clone' [--template=<template_directory>]
[-l] [-s] [--no-hardlinks] [-q] [-n] [--bare] [--mirror]
[-o <name>] [-b <name>] [-u <upload-pack>] [--reference <repository>]
- [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
+ [--dissociate] [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
[--depth <depth>] [--[no-]single-branch]
[--recursive | --recurse-submodules] [--] <repository>
[<directory>]
@@ -98,7 +98,14 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
require fewer objects to be copied from the repository
being cloned, reducing network and local storage costs.
+
-*NOTE*: see the NOTE for the `--shared` option.
+*NOTE*: see the NOTE for the `--shared` option, and also the
+`--dissociate` option.
+
+--dissociate::
+ Borrow the objects from reference repositories specified
+ with the `--reference` options only to reduce network
+ transfer and stop borrowing from them after a clone is made
+ by making necessary local copies of borrowed objects.
--quiet::
-q::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
index a469eab..f5f2a8d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ OPTIONS
GPG-sign commit.
--no-gpg-sign::
- Countermand `commit.gpgsign` configuration variable that is
+ Countermand `commit.gpgSign` configuration variable that is
set to force each and every commit to be signed.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
index 1e74b75..617dea0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
@@ -180,8 +180,8 @@ OPTIONS
+
--
strip::
- Strip leading and trailing empty lines, trailing whitespace, and
- #commentary and collapse consecutive empty lines.
+ Strip leading and trailing empty lines, trailing whitespace,
+ commentary and collapse consecutive empty lines.
whitespace::
Same as `strip` except #commentary is not removed.
verbatim::
@@ -282,8 +282,15 @@ configuration variable documented in linkgit:git-config[1].
--verbose::
Show unified diff between the HEAD commit and what
would be committed at the bottom of the commit message
- template. Note that this diff output doesn't have its
- lines prefixed with '#'.
+ template to help the user describe the commit by reminding
+ what changes the commit has.
+ Note that this diff output doesn't have its
+ lines prefixed with '#'. This diff will not be a part
+ of the commit message.
++
+If specified twice, show in addition the unified diff between
+what would be committed and the worktree files, i.e. the unstaged
+changes to tracked files.
-q::
--quiet::
@@ -310,7 +317,7 @@ configuration variable documented in linkgit:git-config[1].
GPG-sign commit.
--no-gpg-sign::
- Countermand `commit.gpgsign` configuration variable that is
+ Countermand `commit.gpgSign` configuration variable that is
set to force each and every commit to be signed.
\--::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-config.txt b/Documentation/git-config.txt
index 9dfa1a5..02ec096 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-config.txt
@@ -405,7 +405,7 @@ true
% git config --bool --get-urlmatch http.sslverify https://weak.example.com
false
% git config --get-urlmatch http https://weak.example.com
-http.cookiefile /tmp/cookie.txt
+http.cookieFile /tmp/cookie.txt
http.sslverify false
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
index bc97071..e3c8f27 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
@@ -31,10 +31,41 @@ OPTIONS
--file=<path>::
- Use `<path>` to store credentials. The file will have its
+ Use `<path>` to lookup and store credentials. The file will have its
filesystem permissions set to prevent other users on the system
from reading it, but will not be encrypted or otherwise
- protected. Defaults to `~/.git-credentials`.
+ protected. If not specified, credentials will be searched for from
+ `~/.git-credentials` and `$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/credentials`, and
+ credentials will be written to `~/.git-credentials` if it exists, or
+ `$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/credentials` if it exists and the former does
+ not. See also <<FILES>>.
+
+[[FILES]]
+FILES
+-----
+
+If not set explicitly with '--file', there are two files where
+git-credential-store will search for credentials in order of precedence:
+
+~/.git-credentials::
+ User-specific credentials file.
+
+$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/credentials::
+ Second user-specific credentials file. If '$XDG_CONFIG_HOME' is not set
+ or empty, `$HOME/.config/git/credentials` will be used. Any credentials
+ stored in this file will not be used if `~/.git-credentials` has a
+ matching credential as well. It is a good idea not to create this file
+ if you sometimes use older versions of Git that do not support it.
+
+For credential lookups, the files are read in the order given above, with the
+first matching credential found taking precedence over credentials found in
+files further down the list.
+
+Credential storage will by default write to the first existing file in the
+list. If none of these files exist, `~/.git-credentials` will be created and
+written to.
+
+When erasing credentials, matching credentials will be erased from all files.
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
index 4961f1a..db4d7a9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
@@ -154,7 +154,7 @@ with CVS_SERVER (and shouldn't) as 'git-shell' understands `cvs` to mean
[gitcvs]
enabled=1
# optional for debugging
- logfile=/path/to/logfile
+ logFile=/path/to/logfile
------
Note: you need to ensure each user that is going to invoke 'git-cvsserver' has
@@ -254,14 +254,14 @@ Configuring database backend
its documentation if changing these variables, especially
about `DBI->connect()`.
-gitcvs.dbname::
+gitcvs.dbName::
Database name. The exact meaning depends on the
selected database driver, for SQLite this is a filename.
Supports variable substitution (see below). May
not contain semicolons (`;`).
Default: '%Ggitcvs.%m.sqlite'
-gitcvs.dbdriver::
+gitcvs.dbDriver::
Used DBI driver. You can specify any available driver
for this here, but it might not work. cvsserver is tested
with 'DBD::SQLite', reported to work with
@@ -271,12 +271,12 @@ gitcvs.dbdriver::
Default: 'SQLite'
gitcvs.dbuser::
- Database user. Only useful if setting `dbdriver`, since
+ Database user. Only useful if setting `dbDriver`, since
SQLite has no concept of database users. Supports variable
substitution (see below).
-gitcvs.dbpass::
- Database password. Only useful if setting `dbdriver`, since
+gitcvs.dbPass::
+ Database password. Only useful if setting `dbDriver`, since
SQLite has no concept of database passwords.
gitcvs.dbTableNamePrefix::
@@ -288,7 +288,7 @@ All variables can also be set per access method, see <<configaccessmethod,above>
Variable substitution
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
-In `dbdriver` and `dbuser` you can use the following variables:
+In `dbDriver` and `dbUser` you can use the following variables:
%G::
Git directory name
@@ -413,16 +413,16 @@ about end-of-line conversion.
Alternatively, if `gitcvs.usecrlfattr` config is not enabled
or the attributes do not allow automatic detection for a filename, then
-the server uses the `gitcvs.allbinary` config for the default setting.
-If `gitcvs.allbinary` is set, then file not otherwise
+the server uses the `gitcvs.allBinary` config for the default setting.
+If `gitcvs.allBinary` is set, then file not otherwise
specified will default to '-kb' mode. Otherwise the '-k' mode
-is left blank. But if `gitcvs.allbinary` is set to "guess", then
+is left blank. But if `gitcvs.allBinary` is set to "guess", then
the correct '-k' mode will be guessed based on the contents of
the file.
For best consistency with 'cvs', it is probably best to override the
defaults by setting `gitcvs.usecrlfattr` to true,
-and `gitcvs.allbinary` to "guess".
+and `gitcvs.allBinary` to "guess".
Dependencies
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
index 929e496..ed57c68 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
@@ -67,17 +67,17 @@ produced incorrect results if you gave these options.
have been completed, or to save the marks table across
incremental runs. As <file> is only opened and truncated
at completion, the same path can also be safely given to
- \--import-marks.
+ --import-marks.
The file will not be written if no new object has been
marked/exported.
--import-marks=<file>::
Before processing any input, load the marks specified in
<file>. The input file must exist, must be readable, and
- must use the same format as produced by \--export-marks.
+ must use the same format as produced by --export-marks.
+
Any commits that have already been marked will not be exported again.
-If the backend uses a similar \--import-marks file, this allows for
+If the backend uses a similar --import-marks file, this allows for
incremental bidirectional exporting of the repository by keeping the
marks the same across runs.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
index f71fb01..fd32895 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
@@ -42,13 +42,13 @@ OPTIONS
--quiet::
Disable all non-fatal output, making fast-import silent when it
is successful. This option disables the output shown by
- \--stats.
+ --stats.
--stats::
Display some basic statistics about the objects fast-import has
created, the packfiles they were stored into, and the
memory used by fast-import during this run. Showing this output
- is currently the default, but can be disabled with \--quiet.
+ is currently the default, but can be disabled with --quiet.
Options for Frontends
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -81,12 +81,12 @@ Locations of Marks Files
have been completed, or to save the marks table across
incremental runs. As <file> is only opened and truncated
at checkpoint (or completion) the same path can also be
- safely given to \--import-marks.
+ safely given to --import-marks.
--import-marks=<file>::
Before processing any input, load the marks specified in
<file>. The input file must exist, must be readable, and
- must use the same format as produced by \--export-marks.
+ must use the same format as produced by --export-marks.
Multiple options may be supplied to import more than one
set of marks. If a mark is defined to different values,
the last file wins.
@@ -179,8 +179,8 @@ fast-forward update, fast-import will skip updating that ref and instead
prints a warning message. fast-import will always attempt to update all
branch refs, and does not stop on the first failure.
-Branch updates can be forced with \--force, but it's recommended that
-this only be used on an otherwise quiet repository. Using \--force
+Branch updates can be forced with --force, but it's recommended that
+this only be used on an otherwise quiet repository. Using --force
is not necessary for an initial import into an empty repository.
@@ -231,11 +231,11 @@ Date Formats
~~~~~~~~~~~~
The following date formats are supported. A frontend should select
the format it will use for this import by passing the format name
-in the \--date-format=<fmt> command-line option.
+in the --date-format=<fmt> command-line option.
`raw`::
This is the Git native format and is `<time> SP <offutc>`.
- It is also fast-import's default format, if \--date-format was
+ It is also fast-import's default format, if --date-format was
not specified.
+
The time of the event is specified by `<time>` as the number of
@@ -437,7 +437,7 @@ the email address from the other fields in the line. Note that
of bytes, except `LT`, `GT` and `LF`. `<name>` is typically UTF-8 encoded.
The time of the change is specified by `<when>` using the date format
-that was selected by the \--date-format=<fmt> command-line option.
+that was selected by the --date-format=<fmt> command-line option.
See ``Date Formats'' above for the set of supported formats, and
their syntax.
@@ -507,10 +507,6 @@ omitted when creating a new branch, the first `merge` commit will be
the first ancestor of the current commit, and the branch will start
out with no files. An unlimited number of `merge` commands per
commit are permitted by fast-import, thereby establishing an n-way merge.
-However Git's other tools never create commits with more than 15
-additional ancestors (forming a 16-way merge). For this reason
-it is suggested that frontends do not use more than 15 `merge`
-commands per commit; 16, if starting a new, empty branch.
Here `<commit-ish>` is any of the commit specification expressions
also accepted by `from` (see above).
@@ -604,7 +600,7 @@ be removed from the branch.
See `filemodify` above for a detailed description of `<path>`.
`filecopy`
-^^^^^^^^^^^^
+^^^^^^^^^^
Recursively copies an existing file or subdirectory to a different
location within the branch. The existing file or directory must
exist. If the destination exists it will be completely replaced
@@ -892,7 +888,7 @@ save out all current branch refs, tags and marks.
....
Note that fast-import automatically switches packfiles when the current
-packfile reaches \--max-pack-size, or 4 GiB, whichever limit is
+packfile reaches --max-pack-size, or 4 GiB, whichever limit is
smaller. During an automatic packfile switch fast-import does not update
the branch refs, tags or marks.
@@ -1230,7 +1226,7 @@ users of fast-import, and are offered here as suggestions.
Use One Mark Per Commit
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
When doing a repository conversion, use a unique mark per commit
-(`mark :<n>`) and supply the \--export-marks option on the command
+(`mark :<n>`) and supply the --export-marks option on the command
line. fast-import will dump a file which lists every mark and the Git
object SHA-1 that corresponds to it. If the frontend can tie
the marks back to the source repository, it is easy to verify the
@@ -1295,7 +1291,7 @@ even for considerably large projects (100,000+ commits).
However repacking the repository is necessary to improve data
locality and access performance. It can also take hours on extremely
-large projects (especially if -f and a large \--window parameter is
+large projects (especially if -f and a large --window parameter is
used). Since repacking is safe to run alongside readers and writers,
run the repack in the background and let it finish when it finishes.
There is no reason to wait to explore your new Git project!
@@ -1309,7 +1305,7 @@ Repacking Historical Data
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
If you are repacking very old imported data (e.g. older than the
last year), consider expending some extra CPU time and supplying
-\--window=50 (or higher) when you run 'git repack'.
+--window=50 (or higher) when you run 'git repack'.
This will take longer, but will also produce a smaller packfile.
You only need to expend the effort once, and everyone using your
project will benefit from the smaller repository.
@@ -1411,7 +1407,7 @@ branch, their in-memory storage size can grow to a considerable size
fast-import automatically moves active branches to inactive status based on
a simple least-recently-used algorithm. The LRU chain is updated on
each `commit` command. The maximum number of active branches can be
-increased or decreased on the command line with \--active-branches=.
+increased or decreased on the command line with --active-branches=.
per active tree
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
index 93b5067..8680f45 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ be in a separate packet, and the list must end with a flush packet.
the things up in .bash_profile).
--exec=<git-upload-pack>::
- Same as \--upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>.
+ Same as --upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>.
--depth=<n>::
Limit fetching to ancestor-chains not longer than n.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
index 8deb614..e62d9a0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@ By default, any tag that points into the histories being fetched is
also fetched; the effect is to fetch tags that
point at branches that you are interested in. This default behavior
can be changed by using the --tags or --no-tags options or by
-configuring remote.<name>.tagopt. By using a refspec that fetches tags
+configuring remote.<name>.tagOpt. By using a refspec that fetches tags
explicitly, you can fetch tags that do not point into branches you
are interested in as well.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
index c0fd470..bb3ea93 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
@@ -273,13 +273,13 @@ attachments, and sign off patches with configuration variables.
------------
[format]
headers = "Organization: git-foo\n"
- subjectprefix = CHANGE
+ subjectPrefix = CHANGE
suffix = .txt
numbered = auto
to = <email>
cc = <email>
attach [ = mime-boundary-string ]
- signoff = true
+ signOff = true
coverletter = auto
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-gc.txt b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
index 273c466..5223498 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-gc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
@@ -54,10 +54,10 @@ all loose objects are combined into a single pack using
`git repack -d -l`. Setting the value of `gc.auto` to 0
disables automatic packing of loose objects.
+
-If the number of packs exceeds the value of `gc.autopacklimit`,
+If the number of packs exceeds the value of `gc.autoPackLimit`,
then existing packs (except those marked with a `.keep` file)
are consolidated into a single pack by using the `-A` option of
-'git repack'. Setting `gc.autopacklimit` to 0 disables
+'git repack'. Setting `gc.autoPackLimit` to 0 disables
automatic consolidation of packs.
--prune=<date>::
@@ -101,18 +101,18 @@ branches:
------------
[gc "refs/remotes/*"]
reflogExpire = never
- reflogexpireUnreachable = 3 days
+ reflogExpireUnreachable = 3 days
------------
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereresolved' indicates
+The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereResolved' indicates
how long records of conflicted merge you resolved earlier are
kept. This defaults to 60 days.
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereunresolved' indicates
+The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereUnresolved' indicates
how long records of conflicted merge you have not resolved are
kept. This defaults to 15 days.
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.packrefs' determines if
+The optional configuration variable 'gc.packRefs' determines if
'git gc' runs 'git pack-refs'. This can be set to "notbare" to enable
it within all non-bare repos or it can be set to a boolean value.
This defaults to true.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt b/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
index 02c1f12..0c75f3b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-hash-object - Compute object ID and optionally creates a blob from a file
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] [--path=<file>|--no-filters] [--stdin] [--] <file>...
+'git hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] [--path=<file>|--no-filters] [--stdin [--literally]] [--] <file>...
'git hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] --stdin-paths [--no-filters] < <list-of-paths>
DESCRIPTION
@@ -51,7 +51,13 @@ OPTIONS
Hash the contents as is, ignoring any input filter that would
have been chosen by the attributes mechanism, including the end-of-line
conversion. If the file is read from standard input then this
- is always implied, unless the --path option is given.
+ is always implied, unless the `--path` option is given.
+
+--literally::
+ Allow `--stdin` to hash any garbage into a loose object which might not
+ otherwise pass standard object parsing or git-fsck checks. Useful for
+ stress-testing Git itself or reproducing characteristics of corrupt or
+ bogus objects encountered in the wild.
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
index d422ba4..3ca18c4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
@@ -65,8 +65,8 @@ automatically by the web server.
EXAMPLES
--------
-All of the following examples map 'http://$hostname/git/foo/bar.git'
-to '/var/www/git/foo/bar.git'.
+All of the following examples map `http://$hostname/git/foo/bar.git`
+to `/var/www/git/foo/bar.git`.
Apache 2.x::
Ensure mod_cgi, mod_alias, and mod_env are enabled, set
diff --git a/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt b/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
index c7c0d21..5d1e4c8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-imap-send - Send a collection of patches from stdin to an IMAP folder
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git imap-send'
+'git imap-send' [-v] [-q] [--[no-]curl]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -26,6 +26,28 @@ Typical usage is something like:
git format-patch --signoff --stdout --attach origin | git imap-send
+OPTIONS
+-------
+
+-v::
+--verbose::
+ Be verbose.
+
+-q::
+--quiet::
+ Be quiet.
+
+--curl::
+ Use libcurl to communicate with the IMAP server, unless tunneling
+ into it. Ignored if Git was built without the USE_CURL_FOR_IMAP_SEND
+ option set.
+
+--no-curl::
+ Talk to the IMAP server using git's own IMAP routines instead of
+ using libcurl. Ignored if Git was built with the NO_OPENSSL option
+ set.
+
+
CONFIGURATION
-------------
@@ -75,7 +97,9 @@ imap.preformattedHTML::
imap.authMethod::
Specify authenticate method for authentication with IMAP server.
- Current supported method is 'CRAM-MD5' only. If this is not set
+ If Git was built with the NO_CURL option, or if your curl version is older
+ than 7.34.0, or if you're running git-imap-send with the `--no-curl`
+ option, the only supported method is 'CRAM-MD5'. If this is not set
then 'git imap-send' uses the basic IMAP plaintext LOGIN command.
Examples
diff --git a/Documentation/git-init.txt b/Documentation/git-init.txt
index 369f889..8174d27 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-init.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-init.txt
@@ -125,7 +125,7 @@ The template directory will be one of the following (in order):
- the contents of the `$GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR` environment variable;
- - the `init.templatedir` configuration variable; or
+ - the `init.templateDir` configuration variable; or
- the default template directory: `/usr/share/git-core/templates`.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
index f3eef51..cc75b25 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ You may specify configuration in your .git/config
httpd = apache2 -f
port = 4321
browser = konqueror
- modulepath = /usr/lib/apache2/modules
+ modulePath = /usr/lib/apache2/modules
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-log.txt b/Documentation/git-log.txt
index 1f7bc67..5692945 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-log.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-log.txt
@@ -62,9 +62,9 @@ produced by `--stat`, etc.
output by allowing them to allocate space in advance.
-L <start>,<end>:<file>::
--L :<regex>:<file>::
+-L :<funcname>:<file>::
Trace the evolution of the line range given by "<start>,<end>"
- (or the funcname regex <regex>) within the <file>. You may
+ (or the function name regex <funcname>) within the <file>. You may
not give any pathspec limiters. This is currently limited to
a walk starting from a single revision, i.e., you may only
give zero or one positive revision arguments.
@@ -184,7 +184,7 @@ log.date::
`--date` option.) Defaults to "default", which means to write
dates like `Sat May 8 19:35:34 2010 -0500`.
-log.showroot::
+log.showRoot::
If `false`, `git log` and related commands will not treat the
initial commit as a big creation event. Any root commits in
`git log -p` output would be shown without a diff attached.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
index 164a3c6..0947084 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
@@ -66,6 +66,11 @@ conversion, even with this flag.
-n::
Disable all charset re-coding of the metadata.
+-m::
+--message-id::
+ Copy the Message-ID header at the end of the commit message. This
+ is useful in order to associate commits with mailing list discussions.
+
--scissors::
Remove everything in body before a scissors line. A line that
mainly consists of scissors (either ">8" or "8<") and perforation
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge.txt b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
index cf2c374..273a100 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
@@ -104,6 +104,10 @@ commit or stash your changes before running 'git merge'.
If no commit is given from the command line, merge the remote-tracking
branches that the current branch is configured to use as its upstream.
See also the configuration section of this manual page.
++
+When `FETCH_HEAD` (and no other commit) is specified, the branches
+recorded in the `.git/FETCH_HEAD` file by the previous invocation
+of `git fetch` for merging are merged to the current branch.
PRE-MERGE CHECKS
@@ -232,7 +236,7 @@ Barbie's remark on your side. The only thing you can tell is that your
side wants to say it is hard and you'd prefer to go shopping, while the
other side wants to claim it is easy.
-An alternative style can be used by setting the "merge.conflictstyle"
+An alternative style can be used by setting the "merge.conflictStyle"
configuration variable to "diff3". In "diff3" style, the above conflict
may look like this:
@@ -329,7 +333,7 @@ CONFIGURATION
-------------
include::merge-config.txt[]
-branch.<name>.mergeoptions::
+branch.<name>.mergeOptions::
Sets default options for merging into branch <name>. The syntax and
supported options are the same as those of 'git merge', but option
values containing whitespace characters are currently not supported.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-notes.txt b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
index 310f0a5..851518d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-notes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
@@ -9,10 +9,10 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git notes' [list [<object>]]
-'git notes' add [-f] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
+'git notes' add [-f] [--allow-empty] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
'git notes' copy [-f] ( --stdin | <from-object> <to-object> )
-'git notes' append [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
-'git notes' edit [<object>]
+'git notes' append [--allow-empty] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
+'git notes' edit [--allow-empty] [<object>]
'git notes' show [<object>]
'git notes' merge [-v | -q] [-s <strategy> ] <notes-ref>
'git notes' merge --commit [-v | -q]
@@ -155,6 +155,10 @@ OPTIONS
Like '-C', but with '-c' the editor is invoked, so that
the user can further edit the note message.
+--allow-empty::
+ Allow an empty note object to be stored. The default behavior is
+ to automatically remove empty notes.
+
--ref <ref>::
Manipulate the notes tree in <ref>. This overrides
'GIT_NOTES_REF' and the "core.notesRef" configuration. The ref
@@ -287,7 +291,7 @@ arbitrary files using 'git hash-object':
------------
$ cc *.c
$ blob=$(git hash-object -w a.out)
-$ git notes --ref=built add -C "$blob" HEAD
+$ git notes --ref=built add --allow-empty -C "$blob" HEAD
------------
(You cannot simply use `git notes --ref=built add -F a.out HEAD`
diff --git a/Documentation/git-p4.txt b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
index 6ab5f94..82aa5d6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-p4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
@@ -225,9 +225,20 @@ Git repository:
they can find the p4 branches in refs/heads.
--max-changes <n>::
- Limit the number of imported changes to 'n'. Useful to
- limit the amount of history when using the '@all' p4 revision
- specifier.
+ Import at most 'n' changes, rather than the entire range of
+ changes included in the given revision specifier. A typical
+ usage would be use '@all' as the revision specifier, but then
+ to use '--max-changes 1000' to import only the last 1000
+ revisions rather than the entire revision history.
+
+--changes-block-size <n>::
+ The internal block size to use when converting a revision
+ specifier such as '@all' into a list of specific change
+ numbers. Instead of using a single call to 'p4 changes' to
+ find the full list of changes for the conversion, there are a
+ sequence of calls to 'p4 changes -m', each of which requests
+ one block of changes of the given size. The default block size
+ is 500, which should usually be suitable.
--keep-path::
The mapping of file names from the p4 depot path to Git, by
@@ -241,6 +252,9 @@ Git repository:
Use a client spec to find the list of interesting files in p4.
See the "CLIENT SPEC" section below.
+-/ <path>::
+ Exclude selected depot paths when cloning or syncing.
+
Clone options
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
These options can be used in an initial 'clone', along with the 'sync'
@@ -254,9 +268,6 @@ options described above.
--bare::
Perform a bare clone. See linkgit:git-clone[1].
--/ <path>::
- Exclude selected depot paths when cloning.
-
Submit options
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
These options can be used to modify 'git p4 submit' behavior.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
index d2d8f47..bbea529 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--no-reuse-delta] [--delta-base-offset] [--non-empty]
[--local] [--incremental] [--window=<n>] [--depth=<n>]
[--revs [--unpacked | --all]] [--stdout | base-name]
- [--keep-true-parents] < object-list
+ [--shallow] [--keep-true-parents] < object-list
DESCRIPTION
@@ -190,6 +190,11 @@ required objects and is thus unusable by Git without making it
self-contained. Use `git index-pack --fix-thin`
(see linkgit:git-index-pack[1]) to restore the self-contained property.
+--shallow::
+ Optimize a pack that will be provided to a client with a shallow
+ repository. This option, combined with --thin, can result in a
+ smaller pack at the cost of speed.
+
--delta-base-offset::
A packed archive can express the base object of a delta as
either a 20-byte object name or as an offset in the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-prune.txt b/Documentation/git-prune.txt
index 7a493c8..1cf3bed 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-prune.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-prune.txt
@@ -48,6 +48,9 @@ OPTIONS
--expire <time>::
Only expire loose objects older than <time>.
+--worktrees::
+ Prune dead working tree information in $GIT_DIR/worktrees.
+
<head>...::
In addition to objects
reachable from any of our references, keep objects
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
index 200eb22..712ab4b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pull.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
@@ -111,13 +111,12 @@ include::merge-options.txt[]
was rebased since last fetched, the rebase uses that information
to avoid rebasing non-local changes.
+
-When preserve, also rebase the current branch on top of the upstream
-branch, but pass `--preserve-merges` along to `git rebase` so that
-locally created merge commits will not be flattened.
+When set to preserve, rebase with the `--preserve-merges` option passed
+to `git rebase` so that locally created merge commits will not be flattened.
+
When false, merge the current branch into the upstream branch.
+
-See `pull.rebase`, `branch.<name>.rebase` and `branch.autosetuprebase` in
+See `pull.rebase`, `branch.<name>.rebase` and `branch.autoSetupRebase` in
linkgit:git-config[1] if you want to make `git pull` always use
`--rebase` instead of merging.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-push.txt b/Documentation/git-push.txt
index b17283a..135d810 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-push.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-push.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-push - Update remote refs along with associated objects
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git push' [--all | --mirror | --tags] [--follow-tags] [-n | --dry-run] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
+'git push' [--all | --mirror | --tags] [--follow-tags] [--atomic] [-n | --dry-run] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
[--repo=<repository>] [-f | --force] [--prune] [-v | --verbose]
[-u | --set-upstream] [--signed]
[--force-with-lease[=<refname>[:<expect>]]]
@@ -128,7 +128,10 @@ already exists on the remote side.
Push all the refs that would be pushed without this option,
and also push annotated tags in `refs/tags` that are missing
from the remote but are pointing at commit-ish that are
- reachable from the refs being pushed.
+ reachable from the refs being pushed. This can also be specified
+ with configuration variable 'push.followTags'. For more
+ information, see 'push.followTags' in linkgit:git-config[1].
+
--signed::
GPG-sign the push request to update refs on the receiving
@@ -136,6 +139,11 @@ already exists on the remote side.
logged. See linkgit:git-receive-pack[1] for the details
on the receiving end.
+--[no-]atomic::
+ Use an atomic transaction on the remote side if available.
+ Either all refs are updated, or on error, no refs are updated.
+ If the server does not support atomic pushes the push will fail.
+
--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>::
--exec=<git-receive-pack>::
Path to the 'git-receive-pack' program on the remote
@@ -149,9 +157,8 @@ already exists on the remote side.
Usually, "git push" refuses to update a remote ref that is
not an ancestor of the local ref used to overwrite it.
+
-This option bypasses the check, but instead requires that the
-current value of the ref to be the expected value. "git push"
-fails otherwise.
+This option overrides this restriction if the current value of the
+remote ref is the expected value. "git push" fails otherwise.
+
Imagine that you have to rebase what you have already published.
You will have to bypass the "must fast-forward" rule in order to
@@ -163,15 +170,14 @@ commit, and blindly pushing with `--force` will lose her work.
This option allows you to say that you expect the history you are
updating is what you rebased and want to replace. If the remote ref
still points at the commit you specified, you can be sure that no
-other people did anything to the ref (it is like taking a "lease" on
-the ref without explicitly locking it, and you update the ref while
-making sure that your earlier "lease" is still valid).
+other people did anything to the ref. It is like taking a "lease" on
+the ref without explicitly locking it, and the remote ref is updated
+only if the "lease" is still valid.
+
`--force-with-lease` alone, without specifying the details, will protect
all remote refs that are going to be updated by requiring their
current value to be the same as the remote-tracking branch we have
-for them, unless specified with a `--force-with-lease=<refname>:<expect>`
-option that explicitly states what the expected value is.
+for them.
+
`--force-with-lease=<refname>`, without specifying the expected value, will
protect the named ref (alone), if it is going to be updated, by
@@ -214,22 +220,8 @@ origin +master` to force a push to the `master` branch). See the
`<refspec>...` section above for details.
--repo=<repository>::
- This option is only relevant if no <repository> argument is
- passed in the invocation. In this case, 'git push' derives the
- remote name from the current branch: If it tracks a remote
- branch, then that remote repository is pushed to. Otherwise,
- the name "origin" is used. For this latter case, this option
- can be used to override the name "origin". In other words,
- the difference between these two commands
-+
---------------------------
-git push public #1
-git push --repo=public #2
---------------------------
-+
-is that #1 always pushes to "public" whereas #2 pushes to "public"
-only if the current branch does not track a remote branch. This is
-useful if you write an alias or script around 'git push'.
+ This option is equivalent to the <repository> argument. If both
+ are specified, the command-line argument takes precedence.
-u::
--set-upstream::
@@ -273,8 +265,8 @@ useful if you write an alias or script around 'git push'.
--[no-]verify::
Toggle the pre-push hook (see linkgit:githooks[5]). The
- default is \--verify, giving the hook a chance to prevent the
- push. With \--no-verify, the hook is bypassed completely.
+ default is --verify, giving the hook a chance to prevent the
+ push. With --no-verify, the hook is bypassed completely.
include::urls-remotes.txt[]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
index 924827d..1d01baa 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ remain the checked-out branch.
If the upstream branch already contains a change you have made (e.g.,
because you mailed a patch which was applied upstream), then that commit
will be skipped. For example, running `git rebase master` on the
-following history (in which A' and A introduce the same set of changes,
+following history (in which `A'` and `A` introduce the same set of changes,
but have different committer information):
------------
@@ -207,10 +207,10 @@ rebase.stat::
Whether to show a diffstat of what changed upstream since the last
rebase. False by default.
-rebase.autosquash::
+rebase.autoSquash::
If set to true enable '--autosquash' option by default.
-rebase.autostash::
+rebase.autoStash::
If set to true enable '--autostash' option by default.
OPTIONS
@@ -362,7 +362,9 @@ default is `--no-fork-point`, otherwise the default is `--fork-point`.
-p::
--preserve-merges::
- Instead of ignoring merges, try to recreate them.
+ Recreate merge commits instead of flattening the history by replaying
+ commits a merge commit introduces. Merge conflict resolutions or manual
+ amendments to merge commits are not preserved.
+
This uses the `--interactive` machinery internally, but combining it
with the `--interactive` option explicitly is generally not a good
@@ -414,7 +416,7 @@ squash/fixup series.
This option is only valid when the '--interactive' option is used.
+
If the '--autosquash' option is enabled by default using the
-configuration variable `rebase.autosquash`, this option can be
+configuration variable `rebase.autoSquash`, this option can be
used to override and disable this setting.
--[no-]autostash::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
index 9016960..000ee8d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
@@ -100,7 +100,7 @@ the following environment variables:
starting time is different by this many seconds from the
current session. Only meaningful when
`GIT_PUSH_CERT_NONCE_STATUS` says `SLOP`.
- Also read about `receive.certnonceslop` variable in
+ Also read about `receive.certNonceSlop` variable in
linkgit:git-config[1].
This hook is called before any refname is updated and before any
diff --git a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
index 70791b9..5e7908e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
@@ -17,85 +17,113 @@ The command takes various subcommands, and different options
depending on the subcommand:
[verse]
-'git reflog expire' [--dry-run] [--stale-fix] [--verbose]
- [--expire=<time>] [--expire-unreachable=<time>] [--all] <refs>...
-'git reflog delete' ref@\{specifier\}...
'git reflog' ['show'] [log-options] [<ref>]
+'git reflog expire' [--expire=<time>] [--expire-unreachable=<time>]
+ [--rewrite] [--updateref] [--stale-fix]
+ [--dry-run] [--verbose] [--all | <refs>...]
+'git reflog delete' [--rewrite] [--updateref]
+ [--dry-run] [--verbose] ref@\{specifier\}...
+
+Reference logs, or "reflogs", record when the tips of branches and
+other references were updated in the local repository. Reflogs are
+useful in various Git commands, to specify the old value of a
+reference. For example, `HEAD@{2}` means "where HEAD used to be two
+moves ago", `master@{one.week.ago}` means "where master used to point
+to one week ago in this local repository", and so on. See
+linkgit:gitrevisions[7] for more details.
+
+This command manages the information recorded in the reflogs.
+
+The "show" subcommand (which is also the default, in the absence of
+any subcommands) shows the log of the reference provided in the
+command-line (or `HEAD`, by default). The reflog covers all recent
+actions, and in addition the `HEAD` reflog records branch switching.
+`git reflog show` is an alias for `git log -g --abbrev-commit
+--pretty=oneline`; see linkgit:git-log[1] for more information.
+
+The "expire" subcommand prunes older reflog entries. Entries older
+than `expire` time, or entries older than `expire-unreachable` time
+and not reachable from the current tip, are removed from the reflog.
+This is typically not used directly by end users -- instead, see
+linkgit:git-gc[1].
+
+The "delete" subcommand deletes single entries from the reflog. Its
+argument must be an _exact_ entry (e.g. "`git reflog delete
+master@{2}`"). This subcommand is also typically not used directly by
+end users.
-Reflog is a mechanism to record when the tip of branches are
-updated. This command is to manage the information recorded in it.
-The subcommand "expire" is used to prune older reflog entries.
-Entries older than `expire` time, or entries older than
-`expire-unreachable` time and not reachable from the current
-tip, are removed from the reflog. This is typically not used
-directly by the end users -- instead, see linkgit:git-gc[1].
-
-The subcommand "show" (which is also the default, in the absence of any
-subcommands) will take all the normal log options, and show the log of
-the reference provided in the command-line (or `HEAD`, by default).
-The reflog will cover all recent actions (HEAD reflog records branch switching
-as well). It is an alias for `git log -g --abbrev-commit --pretty=oneline`;
-see linkgit:git-log[1].
+OPTIONS
+-------
-The reflog is useful in various Git commands, to specify the old value
-of a reference. For example, `HEAD@{2}` means "where HEAD used to be
-two moves ago", `master@{one.week.ago}` means "where master used to
-point to one week ago", and so on. See linkgit:gitrevisions[7] for
-more details.
+Options for `show`
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-To delete single entries from the reflog, use the subcommand "delete"
-and specify the _exact_ entry (e.g. "`git reflog delete master@{2}`").
+`git reflog show` accepts any of the options accepted by `git log`.
-OPTIONS
--------
+Options for `expire`
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
---stale-fix::
- This revamps the logic -- the definition of "broken commit"
- becomes: a commit that is not reachable from any of the refs and
- there is a missing object among the commit, tree, or blob
- objects reachable from it that is not reachable from any of the
- refs.
-+
-This computation involves traversing all the reachable objects, i.e. it
-has the same cost as 'git prune'. Fortunately, once this is run, we
-should not have to ever worry about missing objects, because the current
-prune and pack-objects know about reflogs and protect objects referred by
-them.
+--all::
+ Process the reflogs of all references.
--expire=<time>::
- Entries older than this time are pruned. Without the
- option it is taken from configuration `gc.reflogExpire`,
- which in turn defaults to 90 days. --expire=all prunes
- entries regardless of their age; --expire=never turns off
- pruning of reachable entries (but see --expire-unreachable).
+ Prune entries older than the specified time. If this option is
+ not specified, the expiration time is taken from the
+ configuration setting `gc.reflogExpire`, which in turn
+ defaults to 90 days. `--expire=all` prunes entries regardless
+ of their age; `--expire=never` turns off pruning of reachable
+ entries (but see `--expire-unreachable`).
--expire-unreachable=<time>::
- Entries older than this time and not reachable from
- the current tip of the branch are pruned. Without the
- option it is taken from configuration
- `gc.reflogExpireUnreachable`, which in turn defaults to
- 30 days. --expire-unreachable=all prunes unreachable
- entries regardless of their age; --expire-unreachable=never
+ Prune entries older than `<time>` that are not reachable from
+ the current tip of the branch. If this option is not
+ specified, the expiration time is taken from the configuration
+ setting `gc.reflogExpireUnreachable`, which in turn defaults
+ to 30 days. `--expire-unreachable=all` prunes unreachable
+ entries regardless of their age; `--expire-unreachable=never`
turns off early pruning of unreachable entries (but see
- --expire).
-
---all::
- Instead of listing <refs> explicitly, prune all refs.
+ `--expire`).
--updateref::
- Update the ref with the sha1 of the top reflog entry (i.e.
- <ref>@\{0\}) after expiring or deleting.
+ Update the reference to the value of the top reflog entry (i.e.
+ <ref>@\{0\}) if the previous top entry was pruned. (This
+ option is ignored for symbolic references.)
--rewrite::
- While expiring or deleting, adjust each reflog entry to ensure
- that the `old` sha1 field points to the `new` sha1 field of the
- previous entry.
+ If a reflog entry's predecessor is pruned, adjust its "old"
+ SHA-1 to be equal to the "new" SHA-1 field of the entry that
+ now precedes it.
+
+--stale-fix::
+ Prune any reflog entries that point to "broken commits". A
+ broken commit is a commit that is not reachable from any of
+ the reference tips and that refers, directly or indirectly, to
+ a missing commit, tree, or blob object.
++
+This computation involves traversing all the reachable objects, i.e. it
+has the same cost as 'git prune'. It is primarily intended to fix
+corruption caused by garbage collecting using older versions of Git,
+which didn't protect objects referred to by reflogs.
+
+-n::
+--dry-run::
+ Do not actually prune any entries; just show what would have
+ been pruned.
--verbose::
Print extra information on screen.
+
+Options for `delete`
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+`git reflog delete` accepts options `--updateref`, `--rewrite`, `-n`,
+`--dry-run`, and `--verbose`, with the same meanings as when they are
+used with `expire`.
+
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
index cb103c8..4c6d6de 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
@@ -58,6 +58,9 @@ remote repository.
With `--no-tags` option, `git fetch <name>` does not import tags from
the remote repository.
+
+By default, only tags on fetched branches are imported
+(see linkgit:git-fetch[1]).
++
With `-t <branch>` option, instead of the default glob
refspec for the remote to track all branches under
the `refs/remotes/<name>/` namespace, a refspec to track only `<branch>`
@@ -130,17 +133,25 @@ branches, adds to that list.
'set-url'::
-Changes URL remote points to. Sets first URL remote points to matching
+Changes URLs for the remote. Sets first URL for remote <name> that matches
regex <oldurl> (first URL if no <oldurl> is given) to <newurl>. If
-<oldurl> doesn't match any URL, error occurs and nothing is changed.
+<oldurl> doesn't match any URL, an error occurs and nothing is changed.
+
With '--push', push URLs are manipulated instead of fetch URLs.
+
-With '--add', instead of changing some URL, new URL is added.
+With '--add', instead of changing existing URLs, new URL is added.
++
+With '--delete', instead of changing existing URLs, all URLs matching
+regex <url> are deleted for remote <name>. Trying to delete all
+non-push URLs is an error.
+
-With '--delete', instead of changing some URL, all URLs matching
-regex <url> are deleted. Trying to delete all non-push URLs is an
-error.
+Note that the push URL and the fetch URL, even though they can
+be set differently, must still refer to the same place. What you
+pushed to the push URL should be what you would see if you
+immediately fetched from the fetch URL. If you are trying to
+fetch from one place (e.g. your upstream) and push to another (e.g.
+your publishing repository), use two separate remotes.
+
'show'::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-repack.txt b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
index 4786a78..0e0bd36 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-repack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ other objects in that pack they already have locally.
Write a reachability bitmap index as part of the repack. This
only makes sense when used with `-a` or `-A`, as the bitmaps
must be able to refer to all reachable objects. This option
- overrides the setting of `pack.writebitmaps`.
+ overrides the setting of `pack.writeBitmaps`.
--pack-kept-objects::
Include objects in `.keep` files when repacking. Note that we
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@ other objects in that pack they already have locally.
This means that we may duplicate objects, but this makes the
option safe to use when there are concurrent pushes or fetches.
This option is generally only useful if you are writing bitmaps
- with `-b` or `pack.writebitmaps`, as it ensures that the
+ with `-b` or `pack.writeBitmaps`, as it ensures that the
bitmapped packfile has the necessary objects.
Configuration
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rerere.txt b/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
index a62227f..9ee083c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ Prune records of conflicted merges that
occurred a long time ago. By default, unresolved conflicts older
than 15 days and resolved conflicts older than 60
days are pruned. These defaults are controlled via the
-`gc.rerereunresolved` and `gc.rerereresolved` configuration
+`gc.rerereUnresolved` and `gc.rerereResolved` configuration
variables respectively.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
index fd7f8b5..b10ea60 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
@@ -9,53 +9,54 @@ git-rev-list - Lists commit objects in reverse chronological order
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git rev-list' [ \--max-count=<number> ]
- [ \--skip=<number> ]
- [ \--max-age=<timestamp> ]
- [ \--min-age=<timestamp> ]
- [ \--sparse ]
- [ \--merges ]
- [ \--no-merges ]
- [ \--min-parents=<number> ]
- [ \--no-min-parents ]
- [ \--max-parents=<number> ]
- [ \--no-max-parents ]
- [ \--first-parent ]
- [ \--remove-empty ]
- [ \--full-history ]
- [ \--not ]
- [ \--all ]
- [ \--branches[=<pattern>] ]
- [ \--tags[=<pattern>] ]
- [ \--remotes[=<pattern>] ]
- [ \--glob=<glob-pattern> ]
- [ \--ignore-missing ]
- [ \--stdin ]
- [ \--quiet ]
- [ \--topo-order ]
- [ \--parents ]
- [ \--timestamp ]
- [ \--left-right ]
- [ \--left-only ]
- [ \--right-only ]
- [ \--cherry-mark ]
- [ \--cherry-pick ]
- [ \--encoding=<encoding> ]
- [ \--(author|committer|grep)=<pattern> ]
- [ \--regexp-ignore-case | -i ]
- [ \--extended-regexp | -E ]
- [ \--fixed-strings | -F ]
- [ \--date=(local|relative|default|iso|iso-strict|rfc|short) ]
- [ [\--objects | \--objects-edge] [ \--unpacked ] ]
- [ \--pretty | \--header ]
- [ \--bisect ]
- [ \--bisect-vars ]
- [ \--bisect-all ]
- [ \--merge ]
- [ \--reverse ]
- [ \--walk-reflogs ]
- [ \--no-walk ] [ \--do-walk ]
- [ \--use-bitmap-index ]
+'git rev-list' [ --max-count=<number> ]
+ [ --skip=<number> ]
+ [ --max-age=<timestamp> ]
+ [ --min-age=<timestamp> ]
+ [ --sparse ]
+ [ --merges ]
+ [ --no-merges ]
+ [ --min-parents=<number> ]
+ [ --no-min-parents ]
+ [ --max-parents=<number> ]
+ [ --no-max-parents ]
+ [ --first-parent ]
+ [ --remove-empty ]
+ [ --full-history ]
+ [ --not ]
+ [ --all ]
+ [ --branches[=<pattern>] ]
+ [ --tags[=<pattern>] ]
+ [ --remotes[=<pattern>] ]
+ [ --glob=<glob-pattern> ]
+ [ --ignore-missing ]
+ [ --stdin ]
+ [ --quiet ]
+ [ --topo-order ]
+ [ --parents ]
+ [ --timestamp ]
+ [ --left-right ]
+ [ --left-only ]
+ [ --right-only ]
+ [ --cherry-mark ]
+ [ --cherry-pick ]
+ [ --encoding=<encoding> ]
+ [ --(author|committer|grep)=<pattern> ]
+ [ --regexp-ignore-case | -i ]
+ [ --extended-regexp | -E ]
+ [ --fixed-strings | -F ]
+ [ --date=(local|relative|default|iso|iso-strict|rfc|short) ]
+ [ [ --objects | --objects-edge | --objects-edge-aggressive ]
+ [ --unpacked ] ]
+ [ --pretty | --header ]
+ [ --bisect ]
+ [ --bisect-vars ]
+ [ --bisect-all ]
+ [ --merge ]
+ [ --reverse ]
+ [ --walk-reflogs ]
+ [ --no-walk ] [ --do-walk ]
+ [ --use-bitmap-index ]
<commit>... [ \-- <paths>... ]
DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
index d6de42f..c483100 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ eval "set -- $(git rev-parse --sq --prefix "$prefix" "$@")"
+
If you want to make sure that the output actually names an object in
your object database and/or can be used as a specific type of object
-you require, you can add "\^{type}" peeling operator to the parameter.
+you require, you can add the `^{type}` peeling operator to the parameter.
For example, `git rev-parse "$VAR^{commit}"` will make sure `$VAR`
names an existing object that is a commit-ish (i.e. a commit, or an
annotated tag that points at a commit). To make sure that `$VAR`
@@ -147,7 +147,7 @@ can be used.
form as close to the original input as possible.
--symbolic-full-name::
- This is similar to \--symbolic, but it omits input that
+ This is similar to --symbolic, but it omits input that
are not refs (i.e. branch or tag names; or more
explicitly disambiguating "heads/master" form, when you
want to name the "master" branch when there is an
@@ -216,6 +216,9 @@ If `$GIT_DIR` is not defined and the current directory
is not detected to lie in a Git repository or work tree
print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
+--git-common-dir::
+ Show `$GIT_COMMON_DIR` if defined, else `$GIT_DIR`.
+
--is-inside-git-dir::
When the current working directory is below the repository
directory print "true", otherwise "false".
@@ -233,6 +236,13 @@ print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
repository. If <path> is a gitfile then the resolved path
to the real repository is printed.
+--git-path <path>::
+ Resolve "$GIT_DIR/<path>" and takes other path relocation
+ variables such as $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY,
+ $GIT_INDEX_FILE... into account. For example, if
+ $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY is set to /foo/bar then "git rev-parse
+ --git-path objects/abc" returns /foo/bar/abc.
+
--show-cdup::
When the command is invoked from a subdirectory, show the
path of the top-level directory relative to the current
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
index a60776e..8045546 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ Composing
--annotate::
Review and edit each patch you're about to send. Default is the value
of 'sendemail.annotate'. See the CONFIGURATION section for
- 'sendemail.multiedit'.
+ 'sendemail.multiEdit'.
--bcc=<address>::
Specify a "Bcc:" value for each email. Default is the value of
@@ -73,7 +73,7 @@ and In-Reply-To headers will be used unless they are removed.
+
Missing From or In-Reply-To headers will be prompted for.
+
-See the CONFIGURATION section for 'sendemail.multiedit'.
+See the CONFIGURATION section for 'sendemail.multiEdit'.
--from=<address>::
Specify the sender of the emails. If not specified on the command line,
@@ -131,6 +131,21 @@ Note that no attempts whatsoever are made to validate the encoding.
Specify encoding of compose message. Default is the value of the
'sendemail.composeencoding'; if that is unspecified, UTF-8 is assumed.
+--transfer-encoding=(7bit|8bit|quoted-printable|base64)::
+ Specify the transfer encoding to be used to send the message over SMTP.
+ 7bit will fail upon encountering a non-ASCII message. quoted-printable
+ can be useful when the repository contains files that contain carriage
+ returns, but makes the raw patch email file (as saved from a MUA) much
+ harder to inspect manually. base64 is even more fool proof, but also
+ even more opaque. Default is the value of the 'sendemail.transferEncoding'
+ configuration value; if that is unspecified, git will use 8bit and not
+ add a Content-Transfer-Encoding header.
+
+--xmailer::
+--no-xmailer::
+ Add (or prevent adding) the "X-Mailer:" header. By default,
+ the header is added, but it can be turned off by setting the
+ `sendemail.xmailer` configuration variable to `false`.
Sending
~~~~~~~
@@ -141,31 +156,31 @@ Sending
subscribed to a list. In order to use the 'From' address, set the
value to "auto". If you use the sendmail binary, you must have
suitable privileges for the -f parameter. Default is the value of the
- 'sendemail.envelopesender' configuration variable; if that is
+ 'sendemail.envelopeSender' configuration variable; if that is
unspecified, choosing the envelope sender is left to your MTA.
--smtp-encryption=<encryption>::
Specify the encryption to use, either 'ssl' or 'tls'. Any other
value reverts to plain SMTP. Default is the value of
- 'sendemail.smtpencryption'.
+ 'sendemail.smtpEncryption'.
--smtp-domain=<FQDN>::
Specifies the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) used in the
HELO/EHLO command to the SMTP server. Some servers require the
FQDN to match your IP address. If not set, git send-email attempts
to determine your FQDN automatically. Default is the value of
- 'sendemail.smtpdomain'.
+ 'sendemail.smtpDomain'.
--smtp-pass[=<password>]::
Password for SMTP-AUTH. The argument is optional: If no
argument is specified, then the empty string is used as
- the password. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtppass',
+ the password. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpPass',
however '--smtp-pass' always overrides this value.
+
Furthermore, passwords need not be specified in configuration files
or on the command line. If a username has been specified (with
-'--smtp-user' or a 'sendemail.smtpuser'), but no password has been
-specified (with '--smtp-pass' or 'sendemail.smtppass'), then
+'--smtp-user' or a 'sendemail.smtpUser'), but no password has been
+specified (with '--smtp-pass' or 'sendemail.smtpPass'), then
a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
--smtp-server=<host>::
@@ -173,7 +188,7 @@ a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
`smtp.example.com` or a raw IP address). Alternatively it can
specify a full pathname of a sendmail-like program instead;
the program must support the `-i` option. Default value can
- be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpserver' configuration
+ be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpServer' configuration
option; the built-in default is `/usr/sbin/sendmail` or
`/usr/lib/sendmail` if such program is available, or
`localhost` otherwise.
@@ -184,11 +199,11 @@ a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
submission port 587, or the common SSL smtp port 465);
symbolic port names (e.g. "submission" instead of 587)
are also accepted. The port can also be set with the
- 'sendemail.smtpserverport' configuration variable.
+ 'sendemail.smtpServerPort' configuration variable.
--smtp-server-option=<option>::
If set, specifies the outgoing SMTP server option to use.
- Default value can be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpserveroption'
+ Default value can be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpServerOption'
configuration option.
+
The --smtp-server-option option must be repeated for each option you want
@@ -199,14 +214,19 @@ must be used for each option.
Legacy alias for '--smtp-encryption ssl'.
--smtp-ssl-cert-path::
- Path to ca-certificates (either a directory or a single file).
- Set it to an empty string to disable certificate verification.
- Defaults to the value set to the 'sendemail.smtpsslcertpath'
- configuration variable, if set, or `/etc/ssl/certs` otherwise.
+ Path to a store of trusted CA certificates for SMTP SSL/TLS
+ certificate validation (either a directory that has been processed
+ by 'c_rehash', or a single file containing one or more PEM format
+ certificates concatenated together: see verify(1) -CAfile and
+ -CApath for more information on these). Set it to an empty string
+ to disable certificate verification. Defaults to the value of the
+ 'sendemail.smtpsslcertpath' configuration variable, if set, or the
+ backing SSL library's compiled-in default otherwise (which should
+ be the best choice on most platforms).
--smtp-user=<user>::
- Username for SMTP-AUTH. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpuser';
- if a username is not specified (with '--smtp-user' or 'sendemail.smtpuser'),
+ Username for SMTP-AUTH. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpUser';
+ if a username is not specified (with '--smtp-user' or 'sendemail.smtpUser'),
then authentication is not attempted.
--smtp-debug=0|1::
@@ -227,14 +247,14 @@ Automating
Specify a command to execute once per patch file which
should generate patch file specific "Cc:" entries.
Output of this command must be single email address per line.
- Default is the value of 'sendemail.cccmd' configuration value.
+ Default is the value of 'sendemail.ccCmd' configuration value.
--[no-]chain-reply-to::
If this is set, each email will be sent as a reply to the previous
email sent. If disabled with "--no-chain-reply-to", all emails after
the first will be sent as replies to the first email sent. When using
this, it is recommended that the first file given be an overview of the
- entire patch series. Disabled by default, but the 'sendemail.chainreplyto'
+ entire patch series. Disabled by default, but the 'sendemail.chainReplyTo'
configuration variable can be used to enable it.
--identity=<identity>::
@@ -284,7 +304,7 @@ specified, as well as 'body' if --no-signed-off-cc is specified.
--[no-]suppress-from::
If this is set, do not add the From: address to the cc: list.
- Default is the value of 'sendemail.suppressfrom' configuration
+ Default is the value of 'sendemail.suppressFrom' configuration
value; if that is unspecified, default to --no-suppress-from.
--[no-]thread::
@@ -357,15 +377,15 @@ default to '--validate'.
CONFIGURATION
-------------
-sendemail.aliasesfile::
+sendemail.aliasesFile::
To avoid typing long email addresses, point this to one or more
- email aliases files. You must also supply 'sendemail.aliasfiletype'.
+ email aliases files. You must also supply 'sendemail.aliasFileType'.
-sendemail.aliasfiletype::
- Format of the file(s) specified in sendemail.aliasesfile. Must be
+sendemail.aliasFileType::
+ Format of the file(s) specified in sendemail.aliasesFile. Must be
one of 'mutt', 'mailrc', 'pine', 'elm', or 'gnus'.
-sendemail.multiedit::
+sendemail.multiEdit::
If true (default), a single editor instance will be spawned to edit
files you have to edit (patches when '--annotate' is used, and the
summary when '--compose' is used). If false, files will be edited one
@@ -384,10 +404,10 @@ To use 'git send-email' to send your patches through the GMail SMTP server,
edit ~/.gitconfig to specify your account settings:
[sendemail]
- smtpencryption = tls
- smtpserver = smtp.gmail.com
- smtpuser = yourname@gmail.com
- smtpserverport = 587
+ smtpEncryption = tls
+ smtpServer = smtp.gmail.com
+ smtpUser = yourname@gmail.com
+ smtpServerPort = 587
Once your commits are ready to be sent to the mailing list, run the
following commands:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
index 2a0de42..b5d09f7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-send-pack - Push objects over Git protocol to another repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git send-pack' [--all] [--dry-run] [--force] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>] [--verbose] [--thin] [<host>:]<directory> [<ref>...]
+'git send-pack' [--all] [--dry-run] [--force] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>] [--verbose] [--thin] [--atomic] [<host>:]<directory> [<ref>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ OPTIONS
a directory on the default $PATH.
--exec=<git-receive-pack>::
- Same as \--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>.
+ Same as --receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>.
--all::
Instead of explicitly specifying which refs to update,
@@ -62,6 +62,11 @@ be in a separate packet, and the list must end with a flush packet.
Send a "thin" pack, which records objects in deltified form based
on objects not included in the pack to reduce network traffic.
+--atomic::
+ Use an atomic transaction for updating the refs. If any of the refs
+ fails to update then the entire push will fail without changing any
+ refs.
+
<host>::
A remote host to house the repository. When this
part is specified, 'git-receive-pack' is invoked via
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show.txt b/Documentation/git-show.txt
index 4e617e6..82a4125 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show.txt
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ presents the merge commit in a special format as produced by
For tags, it shows the tag message and the referenced objects.
For trees, it shows the names (equivalent to 'git ls-tree'
-with \--name-only).
+with --name-only).
For plain blobs, it shows the plain contents.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-status.txt b/Documentation/git-status.txt
index 4d8d530..5221f95 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-status.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-status.txt
@@ -41,6 +41,14 @@ OPTIONS
--long::
Give the output in the long-format. This is the default.
+-v::
+--verbose::
+ In addition to the names of files that have been changed, also
+ show the textual changes that are staged to be committed
+ (i.e., like the output of `git diff --cached`). If `-v` is specified
+ twice, then also show the changes in the working tree that
+ have not yet been staged (i.e., like the output of `git diff`).
+
-u[<mode>]::
--untracked-files[=<mode>]::
Show untracked files.
@@ -77,7 +85,7 @@ configuration variable documented in linkgit:git-config[1].
only changes to the commits stored in the superproject are shown (this was
the behavior before 1.7.0). Using "all" hides all changes to submodules
(and suppresses the output of submodule summaries when the config option
- `status.submodulesummary` is set).
+ `status.submoduleSummary` is set).
--ignored::
Show ignored files as well.
@@ -207,7 +215,7 @@ If the config variable `status.relativePaths` is set to false, then all
paths shown are relative to the repository root, not to the current
directory.
-If `status.submodulesummary` is set to a non zero number or true (identical
+If `status.submoduleSummary` is set to a non zero number or true (identical
to -1 or an unlimited number), the submodule summary will be enabled for
the long format and a summary of commits for modified submodules will be
shown (see --summary-limit option of linkgit:git-submodule[1]). Please note
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
index c87bfcb..60328d5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git stripspace' [-s | --strip-comments] < input
+'git stripspace' [-c | --comment-lines] < input
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -48,7 +49,7 @@ EXAMPLES
Given the following noisy input with '$' indicating the end of a line:
---------
+---------
|A brief introduction $
| $
|$
@@ -64,7 +65,7 @@ Given the following noisy input with '$' indicating the end of a line:
Use 'git stripspace' with no arguments to obtain:
---------
+---------
|A brief introduction$
|$
|A new paragraph$
@@ -78,7 +79,7 @@ Use 'git stripspace' with no arguments to obtain:
Use 'git stripspace --strip-comments' to obtain:
---------
+---------
|A brief introduction$
|$
|A new paragraph$
diff --git a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
index 8e6af65..2c25916 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
@@ -154,27 +154,51 @@ If `--force` is specified, the submodule's work tree will be removed even if
it contains local modifications.
update::
- Update the registered submodules, i.e. clone missing submodules and
- checkout the commit specified in the index of the containing repository.
- This will make the submodules HEAD be detached unless `--rebase` or
- `--merge` is specified or the key `submodule.$name.update` is set to
- `rebase`, `merge` or `none`. `none` can be overridden by specifying
- `--checkout`. Setting the key `submodule.$name.update` to `!command`
- will cause `command` to be run. `command` can be any arbitrary shell
- command that takes a single argument, namely the sha1 to update to.
+
+--
+Update the registered submodules to match what the superproject
+expects by cloning missing submodules and updating the working tree of
+the submodules. The "updating" can be done in several ways depending
+on command line options and the value of `submodule.<name>.update`
+configuration variable. Supported update procedures are:
+
+ checkout;; the commit recorded in the superproject will be
+ checked out in the submodule on a detached HEAD. This is
+ done when `--checkout` option is given, or no option is
+ given, and `submodule.<name>.update` is unset, or if it is
+ set to 'checkout'.
++
+If `--force` is specified, the submodule will be checked out (using
+`git checkout --force` if appropriate), even if the commit specified
+in the index of the containing repository already matches the commit
+checked out in the submodule.
+
+ rebase;; the current branch of the submodule will be rebased
+ onto the commit recorded in the superproject. This is done
+ when `--rebase` option is given, or no option is given, and
+ `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'rebase'.
+
+ merge;; the commit recorded in the superproject will be merged
+ into the current branch in the submodule. This is done
+ when `--merge` option is given, or no option is given, and
+ `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'merge'.
+
+ custom command;; arbitrary shell command that takes a single
+ argument (the sha1 of the commit recorded in the
+ superproject) is executed. This is done when no option is
+ given, and `submodule.<name>.update` has the form of
+ '!command'.
+
+When no option is given and `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'none',
+the submodule is not updated.
+
If the submodule is not yet initialized, and you just want to use the
setting as stored in .gitmodules, you can automatically initialize the
submodule with the `--init` option.
-+
+
If `--recursive` is specified, this command will recurse into the
registered submodules, and update any nested submodules within.
-+
-If `--force` is specified, the submodule will be checked out (using
-`git checkout --force` if appropriate), even if the commit specified in the
-index of the containing repository already matches the commit checked out in
-the submodule.
-
+--
summary::
Show commit summary between the given commit (defaults to HEAD) and
working tree/index. For a submodule in question, a series of commits
@@ -238,10 +262,12 @@ OPTIONS
When running add, allow adding an otherwise ignored submodule path.
When running deinit the submodule work trees will be removed even if
they contain local changes.
- When running update, throw away local changes in submodules when
- switching to a different commit; and always run a checkout operation
- in the submodule, even if the commit listed in the index of the
- containing repository matches the commit checked out in the submodule.
+ When running update (only effective with the checkout procedure),
+ throw away local changes in submodules when switching to a
+ different commit; and always run a checkout operation in the
+ submodule, even if the commit listed in the index of the
+ containing repository matches the commit checked out in the
+ submodule.
--cached::
This option is only valid for status and summary commands. These
@@ -302,7 +328,7 @@ the submodule itself.
Checkout the commit recorded in the superproject on a detached HEAD
in the submodule. This is the default behavior, the main use of
this option is to override `submodule.$name.update` when set to
- `merge`, `rebase` or `none`.
+ a value other than `checkout`.
If the key `submodule.$name.update` is either not explicitly set or
set to `checkout`, this option is implicit.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-svn.txt b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
index 39e9a18..11d1e2f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-svn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
@@ -70,8 +70,8 @@ COMMANDS
--username=<user>;;
For transports that SVN handles authentication for (http,
https, and plain svn), specify the username. For other
- transports (e.g. svn+ssh://), you must include the username in
- the URL, e.g. svn+ssh://foo@svn.bar.com/project
+ transports (e.g. `svn+ssh://`), you must include the username in
+ the URL, e.g. `svn+ssh://foo@svn.bar.com/project`
--prefix=<prefix>;;
This allows one to specify a prefix which is prepended
to the names of remotes if trunk/branches/tags are
@@ -279,9 +279,9 @@ first have already been pushed into SVN.
Ask the user to confirm that a patch set should actually be sent to SVN.
For each patch, one may answer "yes" (accept this patch), "no" (discard this
patch), "all" (accept all patches), or "quit".
- +
- 'git svn dcommit' returns immediately if answer is "no" or "quit", without
- committing anything to SVN.
++
+'git svn dcommit' returns immediately if answer is "no" or "quit", without
+committing anything to SVN.
'branch'::
Create a branch in the SVN repository.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
index e953ba4..034d10d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
@@ -98,10 +98,13 @@ OPTIONS
--sort=<type>::
Sort in a specific order. Supported type is "refname"
(lexicographic order), "version:refname" or "v:refname" (tag
- names are treated as versions). Prepend "-" to reverse sort
- order. When this option is not given, the sort order defaults to the
- value configured for the 'tag.sort' variable if it exists, or
- lexicographic order otherwise. See linkgit:git-config[1].
+ names are treated as versions). The "version:refname" sort
+ order can also be affected by the
+ "versionsort.prereleaseSuffix" configuration variable. Prepend
+ "-" to reverse sort order. When this option is not given, the
+ sort order defaults to the value configured for the 'tag.sort'
+ variable if it exists, or lexicographic order otherwise. See
+ linkgit:git-config[1].
--column[=<options>]::
--no-column::
@@ -155,13 +158,13 @@ This option is only applicable when listing tags without annotation lines.
CONFIGURATION
-------------
By default, 'git tag' in sign-with-default mode (-s) will use your
-committer identity (of the form "Your Name <\your@email.address>") to
+committer identity (of the form `Your Name <your@email.address>`) to
find a key. If you want to use a different default key, you can specify
it in the repository configuration as follows:
-------------------------------------
[user]
- signingkey = <gpg-key-id>
+ signingKey = <gpg-key-id>
-------------------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
index 929869b..aff0179 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
@@ -82,20 +82,18 @@ OPTIONS
Set the execute permissions on the updated files.
--[no-]assume-unchanged::
- When these flags are specified, the object names recorded
- for the paths are not updated. Instead, these options
- set and unset the "assume unchanged" bit for the
- paths. When the "assume unchanged" bit is on, Git stops
- checking the working tree files for possible
- modifications, so you need to manually unset the bit to
- tell Git when you change the working tree file. This is
+ When this flag is specified, the object names recorded
+ for the paths are not updated. Instead, this option
+ sets/unsets the "assume unchanged" bit for the
+ paths. When the "assume unchanged" bit is on, the user
+ promises not to change the file and allows Git to assume
+ that the working tree file matches what is recorded in
+ the index. If you want to change the working tree file,
+ you need to unset the bit to tell Git. This is
sometimes helpful when working with a big project on a
filesystem that has very slow lstat(2) system call
(e.g. cifs).
+
-This option can be also used as a coarse file-level mechanism
-to ignore uncommitted changes in tracked files (akin to what
-`.gitignore` does for untracked files).
Git will fail (gracefully) in case it needs to modify this file
in the index e.g. when merging in a commit;
thus, in case the assumed-untracked file is changed upstream,
diff --git a/Documentation/git.txt b/Documentation/git.txt
index edceb50..38cc004 100644
--- a/Documentation/git.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git.txt
@@ -43,6 +43,25 @@ unreleased) version of Git, that is available from the 'master'
branch of the `git.git` repository.
Documentation for older releases are available here:
+* link:v2.4.1/git.html[documentation for release 2.4.1]
+
+* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/2.4.1.txt[2.4.1],
+ link:RelNotes/2.4.0.txt[2.4].
+
+* link:v2.3.8/git.html[documentation for release 2.3.8]
+
+* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.8.txt[2.3.8],
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.7.txt[2.3.7],
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.6.txt[2.3.6],
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.5.txt[2.3.5],
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.4.txt[2.3.4],
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.3.txt[2.3.3],
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.2.txt[2.3.2],
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.1.txt[2.3.1],
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.0.txt[2.3].
+
* link:v2.2.2/git.html[documentation for release 2.2.2]
* release notes for
@@ -760,7 +779,8 @@ Git so take care if using Cogito etc.
'GIT_INDEX_VERSION'::
This environment variable allows the specification of an index
version for new repositories. It won't affect existing index
- files. By default index file version [23] is used.
+ files. By default index file version 2 or 3 is used. See
+ linkgit:git-update-index[1] for more information.
'GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY'::
If the object storage directory is specified via this
@@ -815,6 +835,15 @@ Git so take care if using Cogito etc.
an explicit repository directory set via 'GIT_DIR' or on the
command line.
+'GIT_COMMON_DIR'::
+ If this variable is set to a path, non-worktree files that are
+ normally in $GIT_DIR will be taken from this path
+ instead. Worktree-specific files such as HEAD or index are
+ taken from $GIT_DIR. See linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5] and
+ the section 'MULTIPLE CHECKOUT MODE' in linkgit:checkout[1]
+ details. This variable has lower precedence than other path
+ variables such as GIT_INDEX_FILE, GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY...
+
Git Commits
~~~~~~~~~~~
'GIT_AUTHOR_NAME'::
@@ -887,19 +916,21 @@ other
and the `core.editor` option in linkgit:git-config[1].
'GIT_SSH'::
- If this environment variable is set then 'git fetch'
- and 'git push' will use this command instead
- of 'ssh' when they need to connect to a remote system.
- The '$GIT_SSH' command will be given exactly two or
- four arguments: the 'username@host' (or just 'host')
- from the URL and the shell command to execute on that
- remote system, optionally preceded by '-p' (literally) and
- the 'port' from the URL when it specifies something other
- than the default SSH port.
+'GIT_SSH_COMMAND'::
+ If either of these environment variables is set then 'git fetch'
+ and 'git push' will use the specified command instead of 'ssh'
+ when they need to connect to a remote system.
+ The command will be given exactly two or four arguments: the
+ 'username@host' (or just 'host') from the URL and the shell
+ command to execute on that remote system, optionally preceded by
+ '-p' (literally) and the 'port' from the URL when it specifies
+ something other than the default SSH port.
+
-To pass options to the program that you want to list in GIT_SSH
-you will need to wrap the program and options into a shell script,
-then set GIT_SSH to refer to the shell script.
+`$GIT_SSH_COMMAND` takes precedence over `$GIT_SSH`, and is interpreted
+by the shell, which allows additional arguments to be included.
+`$GIT_SSH` on the other hand must be just the path to a program
+(which can be a wrapper shell script, if additional arguments are
+needed).
+
Usually it is easier to configure any desired options through your
personal `.ssh/config` file. Please consult your ssh documentation
@@ -909,9 +940,13 @@ for further details.
If this environment variable is set, then Git commands which need to
acquire passwords or passphrases (e.g. for HTTP or IMAP authentication)
will call this program with a suitable prompt as command-line argument
- and read the password from its STDOUT. See also the 'core.askpass'
+ and read the password from its STDOUT. See also the 'core.askPass'
option in linkgit:git-config[1].
+'GIT_TERMINAL_PROMPT'::
+ If this environment variable is set to `0`, git will not prompt
+ on the terminal (e.g., when asking for HTTP authentication).
+
'GIT_CONFIG_NOSYSTEM'::
Whether to skip reading settings from the system-wide
`$(prefix)/etc/gitconfig` file. This environment variable can
@@ -1012,6 +1047,17 @@ GIT_ICASE_PATHSPECS::
variable when it is invoked as the top level command by the
end user, to be recorded in the body of the reflog.
+`GIT_REF_PARANOIA`::
+ If set to `1`, include broken or badly named refs when iterating
+ over lists of refs. In a normal, non-corrupted repository, this
+ does nothing. However, enabling it may help git to detect and
+ abort some operations in the presence of broken refs. Git sets
+ this variable automatically when performing destructive
+ operations like linkgit:git-prune[1]. You should not need to set
+ it yourself unless you want to be paranoid about making sure
+ an operation has touched every ref (e.g., because you are
+ cloning a repository to make a backup).
+
Discussion[[Discussion]]
------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
index c892ffa..70899b3 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ Attributes which should be version-controlled and distributed to other
repositories (i.e., attributes of interest to all users) should go into
`.gitattributes` files. Attributes that should affect all repositories
for a single user should be placed in a file specified by the
-`core.attributesfile` configuration option (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
+`core.attributesFile` configuration option (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
Its default value is $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/attributes. If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME
is either not set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/attributes is used instead.
Attributes for all users on a system should be placed in the
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
index 8475c07..36e9ab3 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
@@ -259,7 +259,7 @@ index 557db03..263414f 100644
@@ -1 +1,2 @@
Hello World
+It's a new day for git
-----
+------------
i.e. the diff of the change we caused by adding another line to `hello`.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt b/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
index 47576be..1c75be0 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ strategies to ask the user for usernames and passwords:
to the program on the command line, and the user's input is read
from its standard output.
-2. Otherwise, if the `core.askpass` configuration variable is set, its
+2. Otherwise, if the `core.askPass` configuration variable is set, its
value is used as above.
3. Otherwise, if the `SSH_ASKPASS` environment variable is set, its
diff --git a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
index c8b3e51..c579593 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
@@ -28,8 +28,8 @@ The 'git diff-{asterisk}' family works by first comparing two sets of
files:
- 'git diff-index' compares contents of a "tree" object and the
- working directory (when '\--cached' flag is not used) or a
- "tree" object and the index file (when '\--cached' flag is
+ working directory (when '--cached' flag is not used) or a
+ "tree" object and the index file (when '--cached' flag is
used);
- 'git diff-files' compares contents of the index file and the
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ merges these filepairs and creates:
When the "-C" option is used, the original contents of modified files,
and deleted files (and also unmodified files, if the
-"\--find-copies-harder" option is used) are considered as candidates
+"--find-copies-harder" option is used) are considered as candidates
of the source files in rename/copy operation. If the input were like
these filepairs, that talk about a modified file fileY and a newly
created file file0:
diff --git a/Documentation/githooks.txt b/Documentation/githooks.txt
index 9ef2469..7ba0ac9 100644
--- a/Documentation/githooks.txt
+++ b/Documentation/githooks.txt
@@ -341,6 +341,36 @@ Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
'git send-pack' on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
for the user.
+push-to-checkout
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+This hook is invoked by 'git-receive-pack' on the remote repository,
+which happens when a 'git push' is done on a local repository, when
+the push tries to update the branch that is currently checked out
+and the `receive.denyCurrentBranch` configuration variable is set to
+`updateInstead`. Such a push by default is refused if the working
+tree and the index of the remote repository has any difference from
+the currently checked out commit; when both the working tree and the
+index match the current commit, they are updated to match the newly
+pushed tip of the branch. This hook is to be used to override the
+default behaviour.
+
+The hook receives the commit with which the tip of the current
+branch is going to be updated. It can exit with a non-zero status
+to refuse the push (when it does so, it must not modify the index or
+the working tree). Or it can make any necessary changes to the
+working tree and to the index to bring them to the desired state
+when the tip of the current branch is updated to the new commit, and
+exit with a zero status.
+
+For example, the hook can simply run `git read-tree -u -m HEAD "$1"`
+in order to emulate 'git fetch' that is run in the reverse direction
+with `git push`, as the two-tree form of `read-tree -u -m` is
+essentially the same as `git checkout` that switches branches while
+keeping the local changes in the working tree that do not interfere
+with the difference between the branches.
+
+
pre-auto-gc
~~~~~~~~~~~
diff --git a/Documentation/gitignore.txt b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
index 09e82c3..473623d 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitignore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@ precedence, the last matching pattern decides the outcome):
* Patterns read from `$GIT_DIR/info/exclude`.
* Patterns read from the file specified by the configuration
- variable 'core.excludesfile'.
+ variable 'core.excludesFile'.
Which file to place a pattern in depends on how the pattern is meant to
be used.
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@ be used.
* Patterns which a user wants Git to
ignore in all situations (e.g., backup or temporary files generated by
the user's editor of choice) generally go into a file specified by
- `core.excludesfile` in the user's `~/.gitconfig`. Its default value is
+ `core.excludesFile` in the user's `~/.gitconfig`. Its default value is
$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/ignore. If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not set or
empty, $HOME/.config/git/ignore is used instead.
@@ -138,9 +138,6 @@ NOTES
The purpose of gitignore files is to ensure that certain files
not tracked by Git remain untracked.
-To ignore uncommitted changes in a file that is already tracked,
-use 'git update-index {litdd}assume-unchanged'.
-
To stop tracking a file that is currently tracked, use
'git rm --cached'.
@@ -203,7 +200,6 @@ everything within `foo/bar`):
SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:git-rm[1],
-linkgit:git-update-index[1],
linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5],
linkgit:git-check-ignore[1]
diff --git a/Documentation/gitk.txt b/Documentation/gitk.txt
index 7ae50aa..6ade002 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitk.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitk.txt
@@ -99,10 +99,10 @@ linkgit:git-rev-list[1] for a complete list.
detailed explanation.)
-L<start>,<end>:<file>::
--L:<regex>:<file>::
+-L:<funcname>:<file>::
Trace the evolution of the line range given by "<start>,<end>"
- (or the funcname regex <regex>) within the <file>. You may
+ (or the function name regex <funcname>) within the <file>. You may
not give any pathspec limiters. This is currently limited to
a walk starting from a single revision, i.e., you may only
give zero or one positive revision arguments.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
index f6c0dfd..ac70eca 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
@@ -38,18 +38,15 @@ submodule.<name>.url::
In addition, there are a number of optional keys:
submodule.<name>.update::
- Defines what to do when the submodule is updated by the superproject.
- If 'checkout' (the default), the new commit specified in the
- superproject will be checked out in the submodule on a detached HEAD.
- If 'rebase', the current branch of the submodule will be rebased onto
- the commit specified in the superproject. If 'merge', the commit
- specified in the superproject will be merged into the current branch
- in the submodule.
- If 'none', the submodule with name `$name` will not be updated
- by default.
-
- This config option is overridden if 'git submodule update' is given
- the '--merge', '--rebase' or '--checkout' options.
+ Defines the default update procedure for the named submodule,
+ i.e. how the submodule is updated by "git submodule update"
+ command in the superproject. This is only used by `git
+ submodule init` to initialize the configuration variable of
+ the same name. Allowed values here are 'checkout', 'rebase',
+ 'merge' or 'none'. See description of 'update' command in
+ linkgit:git-submodule[1] for their meaning. Note that the
+ '!command' form is intentionally ignored here for security
+ reasons.
submodule.<name>.branch::
A remote branch name for tracking updates in the upstream submodule.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
index 8edf72c..82e2d15 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
@@ -408,14 +408,14 @@ set by Git if the remote helper has the 'option' capability.
of <n> correspond to the number of -v flags passed on the
command line.
-'option progress' \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option progress' {'true'|'false'}::
Enables (or disables) progress messages displayed by the
transport helper during a command.
'option depth' <depth>::
Deepens the history of a shallow repository.
-'option followtags' \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option followtags' {'true'|'false'}::
If enabled the helper should automatically fetch annotated
tag objects if the object the tag points at was transferred
during the fetch command. If the tag is not fetched by
@@ -423,7 +423,7 @@ set by Git if the remote helper has the 'option' capability.
ask for the tag specifically. Some helpers may be able to
use this option to avoid a second network connection.
-'option dry-run' \{'true'|'false'\}:
+'option dry-run' {'true'|'false'}:
If true, pretend the operation completed successfully,
but don't actually change any repository data. For most
helpers this only applies to the 'push', if supported.
@@ -434,18 +434,18 @@ set by Git if the remote helper has the 'option' capability.
must not rely on this option being set before
connect request occurs.
-'option check-connectivity' \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option check-connectivity' {'true'|'false'}::
Request the helper to check connectivity of a clone.
-'option force' \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option force' {'true'|'false'}::
Request the helper to perform a force update. Defaults to
'false'.
-'option cloning \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option cloning {'true'|'false'}::
Notify the helper this is a clone request (i.e. the current
repository is guaranteed empty).
-'option update-shallow \{'true'|'false'\}::
+'option update-shallow {'true'|'false'}::
Allow to extend .git/shallow if the new refs require it.
SEE ALSO
diff --git a/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt b/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
index 79653f3..7173b38 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
@@ -46,6 +46,9 @@ of incomplete object store is not suitable to be published for
use with dumb transports but otherwise is OK as long as
`objects/info/alternates` points at the object stores it
borrows from.
++
+This directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and
+"$GIT_COMMON_DIR/objects" will be used instead.
objects/[0-9a-f][0-9a-f]::
A newly created object is stored in its own file.
@@ -92,7 +95,8 @@ refs::
References are stored in subdirectories of this
directory. The 'git prune' command knows to preserve
objects reachable from refs found in this directory and
- its subdirectories.
+ its subdirectories. This directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR
+ is set and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/refs" will be used instead.
refs/heads/`name`::
records tip-of-the-tree commit objects of branch `name`
@@ -114,7 +118,8 @@ refs/replace/`<obj-sha1>`::
packed-refs::
records the same information as refs/heads/, refs/tags/,
and friends record in a more efficient way. See
- linkgit:git-pack-refs[1].
+ linkgit:git-pack-refs[1]. This file is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR
+ is set and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/packed-refs" will be used instead.
HEAD::
A symref (see glossary) to the `refs/heads/` namespace
@@ -133,6 +138,11 @@ being a symref to point at the current branch. Such a state
is often called 'detached HEAD.' See linkgit:git-checkout[1]
for details.
+config::
+ Repository specific configuration file. This file is ignored
+ if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/config" will be
+ used instead.
+
branches::
A slightly deprecated way to store shorthands to be used
to specify a URL to 'git fetch', 'git pull' and 'git push'.
@@ -140,7 +150,10 @@ branches::
'name' can be given to these commands in place of
'repository' argument. See the REMOTES section in
linkgit:git-fetch[1] for details. This mechanism is legacy
- and not likely to be found in modern repositories.
+ and not likely to be found in modern repositories. This
+ directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and
+ "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/branches" will be used instead.
+
hooks::
Hooks are customization scripts used by various Git
@@ -149,7 +162,9 @@ hooks::
default. To enable, the `.sample` suffix has to be
removed from the filename by renaming.
Read linkgit:githooks[5] for more details about
- each hook.
+ each hook. This directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set
+ and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/hooks" will be used instead.
+
index::
The current index file for the repository. It is
@@ -161,7 +176,8 @@ sharedindex.<SHA-1>::
info::
Additional information about the repository is recorded
- in this directory.
+ in this directory. This directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR
+ is set and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/index" will be used instead.
info/refs::
This file helps dumb transports discover what refs are
@@ -201,12 +217,15 @@ remotes::
when interacting with remote repositories via 'git fetch',
'git pull' and 'git push' commands. See the REMOTES section
in linkgit:git-fetch[1] for details. This mechanism is legacy
- and not likely to be found in modern repositories.
+ and not likely to be found in modern repositories. This
+ directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and
+ "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/remotes" will be used instead.
logs::
- Records of changes made to refs are stored in this
- directory. See linkgit:git-update-ref[1]
- for more information.
+ Records of changes made to refs are stored in this directory.
+ See linkgit:git-update-ref[1] for more information. This
+ directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and
+ "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/logs" will be used instead.
logs/refs/heads/`name`::
Records all changes made to the branch tip named `name`.
@@ -217,11 +236,46 @@ logs/refs/tags/`name`::
shallow::
This is similar to `info/grafts` but is internally used
and maintained by shallow clone mechanism. See `--depth`
- option to linkgit:git-clone[1] and linkgit:git-fetch[1].
+ option to linkgit:git-clone[1] and linkgit:git-fetch[1]. This
+ file is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and
+ "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/shallow" will be used instead.
+
+commondir::
+ If this file exists, $GIT_COMMON_DIR (see linkgit:git[1]) will
+ be set to the path specified in this file if it is not
+ explicitly set. If the specified path is relative, it is
+ relative to $GIT_DIR. The repository with commondir is
+ incomplete without the repository pointed by "commondir".
modules::
Contains the git-repositories of the submodules.
+worktrees::
+ Contains worktree specific information of linked
+ checkouts. Each subdirectory contains the worktree-related
+ part of a linked checkout. This directory is ignored if
+ $GIT_COMMON_DIR is set and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/worktrees" will be
+ used instead.
+
+worktrees/<id>/gitdir::
+ A text file containing the absolute path back to the .git file
+ that points to here. This is used to check if the linked
+ repository has been manually removed and there is no need to
+ keep this directory any more. mtime of this file should be
+ updated every time the linked repository is accessed.
+
+worktrees/<id>/locked::
+ If this file exists, the linked repository may be on a
+ portable device and not available. It does not mean that the
+ linked repository is gone and `worktrees/<id>` could be
+ removed. The file's content contains a reason string on why
+ the repository is locked.
+
+worktrees/<id>/link::
+ If this file exists, it is a hard link to the linked .git
+ file. It is used to detect if the linked repository is
+ manually removed.
+
SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:git-init[1],
diff --git a/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
index ebe7a6c..a096e7d 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
@@ -482,7 +482,7 @@ project config. Per-repository configuration takes precedence over value
composed from `@git_base_url_list` elements and project name.
+
You can setup one single value (single entry/item in this list) at build
-time by setting the `GITWEB_BASE_URL` built-time configuration variable.
+time by setting the `GITWEB_BASE_URL` build-time configuration variable.
By default it is set to (), i.e. an empty list. This means that gitweb
would not try to create project URL (to fetch) from project name.
@@ -706,7 +706,7 @@ show-sizes::
I/O. Enabled by default.
+
This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
-repository's `gitweb.showsizes` configuration variable (boolean).
+repository's `gitweb.showSizes` configuration variable (boolean).
patches::
Enable and configure "patches" view, which displays list of commits in email
diff --git a/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder.txt b/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder.txt
index 23e685d..9c4cd09 100644
--- a/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder.txt
+++ b/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder.txt
@@ -240,3 +240,240 @@ But more importantly, git's hashing and checksumming noticed a problem
that easily could have gone undetected in another system. The result
still compiled, but would have caused an interesting bug (that would
have been blamed on some random commit).
+
+
+The adventure continues...
+--------------------------
+
+I ended up doing this again! Same entity, new hardware. The assumption
+at this point is that the old disk corrupted the packfile, and then the
+corruption was migrated to the new hardware (because it was done by
+rsync or similar, and no fsck was done at the time of migration).
+
+This time, the affected blob was over 20 megabytes, which was far too
+large to do a brute-force on. I followed the instructions above to
+create the `zlib` file. I then used the `inflate` program below to pull
+the corrupted data from that. Examining that output gave me a hint about
+where in the file the corruption was. But now I was working with the
+file itself, not the zlib contents. So knowing the sha1 of the object
+and the approximate area of the corruption, I used the `sha1-munge`
+program below to brute-force the correct byte.
+
+Here's the inflate program (it's essentially `gunzip` but without the
+`.gz` header processing):
+
+--------------------------
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <zlib.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ /*
+ * oversized so we can read the whole buffer in;
+ * this could actually be switched to streaming
+ * to avoid any memory limitations
+ */
+ static unsigned char buf[25 * 1024 * 1024];
+ static unsigned char out[25 * 1024 * 1024];
+ int len;
+ z_stream z;
+ int ret;
+
+ len = read(0, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ memset(&z, 0, sizeof(z));
+ inflateInit(&z);
+
+ z.next_in = buf;
+ z.avail_in = len;
+ z.next_out = out;
+ z.avail_out = sizeof(out);
+
+ ret = inflate(&z, 0);
+ if (ret != Z_OK && ret != Z_STREAM_END)
+ fprintf(stderr, "initial inflate failed (%d)\n", ret);
+
+ fprintf(stderr, "outputting %lu bytes", z.total_out);
+ fwrite(out, 1, z.total_out, stdout);
+ return 0;
+}
+--------------------------
+
+And here is the `sha1-munge` program:
+
+--------------------------
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <openssl/sha.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+/* eye candy */
+static int counter = 0;
+static void progress(int sig)
+{
+ fprintf(stderr, "\r%d", counter);
+ alarm(1);
+}
+
+static const signed char hexval_table[256] = {
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 00-07 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 08-0f */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 10-17 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 18-1f */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 20-27 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 28-2f */
+ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, /* 30-37 */
+ 8, 9, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 38-3f */
+ -1, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, -1, /* 40-47 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 48-4f */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 50-57 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 58-5f */
+ -1, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, -1, /* 60-67 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 68-67 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 70-77 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 78-7f */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 80-87 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 88-8f */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 90-97 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 98-9f */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* a0-a7 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* a8-af */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* b0-b7 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* b8-bf */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* c0-c7 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* c8-cf */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* d0-d7 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* d8-df */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* e0-e7 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* e8-ef */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* f0-f7 */
+ -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* f8-ff */
+};
+
+static inline unsigned int hexval(unsigned char c)
+{
+return hexval_table[c];
+}
+
+static int get_sha1_hex(const char *hex, unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+ int i;
+ for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
+ unsigned int val;
+ /*
+ * hex[1]=='\0' is caught when val is checked below,
+ * but if hex[0] is NUL we have to avoid reading
+ * past the end of the string:
+ */
+ if (!hex[0])
+ return -1;
+ val = (hexval(hex[0]) << 4) | hexval(hex[1]);
+ if (val & ~0xff)
+ return -1;
+ *sha1++ = val;
+ hex += 2;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ /* oversized so we can read the whole buffer in */
+ static unsigned char buf[25 * 1024 * 1024];
+ char header[32];
+ int header_len;
+ unsigned char have[20], want[20];
+ int start, len;
+ SHA_CTX orig;
+ unsigned i, j;
+
+ if (!argv[1] || get_sha1_hex(argv[1], want)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "usage: sha1-munge <sha1> [start] <file.in\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (argv[2])
+ start = atoi(argv[2]);
+ else
+ start = 0;
+
+ len = read(0, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ header_len = sprintf(header, "blob %d", len) + 1;
+ fprintf(stderr, "using header: %s\n", header);
+
+ /*
+ * We keep a running sha1 so that if you are munging
+ * near the end of the file, we do not have to re-sha1
+ * the unchanged earlier bytes
+ */
+ SHA1_Init(&orig);
+ SHA1_Update(&orig, header, header_len);
+ if (start)
+ SHA1_Update(&orig, buf, start);
+
+ signal(SIGALRM, progress);
+ alarm(1);
+
+ for (i = start; i < len; i++) {
+ unsigned char c;
+ SHA_CTX x;
+
+#if 0
+ /*
+ * deletion -- this would not actually work in practice,
+ * I think, because we've already committed to a
+ * particular size in the header. Ditto for addition
+ * below. In those cases, you'd have to do the whole
+ * sha1 from scratch, or possibly keep three running
+ * "orig" sha1 computations going.
+ */
+ memcpy(&x, &orig, sizeof(x));
+ SHA1_Update(&x, buf + i + 1, len - i - 1);
+ SHA1_Final(have, &x);
+ if (!memcmp(have, want, 20))
+ printf("i=%d, deletion\n", i);
+#endif
+
+ /*
+ * replacement -- note that this tries each of the 256
+ * possible bytes. If you suspect a single-bit flip,
+ * it would be much shorter to just try the 8
+ * bit-flipped variants.
+ */
+ c = buf[i];
+ for (j = 0; j <= 0xff; j++) {
+ buf[i] = j;
+
+ memcpy(&x, &orig, sizeof(x));
+ SHA1_Update(&x, buf + i, len - i);
+ SHA1_Final(have, &x);
+ if (!memcmp(have, want, 20))
+ printf("i=%d, j=%02x\n", i, j);
+ }
+ buf[i] = c;
+
+#if 0
+ /* addition */
+ for (j = 0; j <= 0xff; j++) {
+ unsigned char extra = j;
+ memcpy(&x, &orig, sizeof(x));
+ SHA1_Update(&x, &extra, 1);
+ SHA1_Update(&x, buf + i, len - i);
+ SHA1_Final(have, &x);
+ if (!memcmp(have, want, 20))
+ printf("i=%d, addition=%02x", i, j);
+ }
+#endif
+
+ SHA1_Update(&orig, buf + i, 1);
+ counter++;
+ }
+
+ alarm(0);
+ fprintf(stderr, "\r%d\n", counter);
+ return 0;
+}
+--------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/line-range-format.txt b/Documentation/line-range-format.txt
index d7f2603..829676f 100644
--- a/Documentation/line-range-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/line-range-format.txt
@@ -22,8 +22,9 @@ This is only valid for <end> and will specify a number
of lines before or after the line given by <start>.
+
-If ``:<regex>'' is given in place of <start> and <end>, it denotes the range
-from the first funcname line that matches <regex>, up to the next
-funcname line. ``:<regex>'' searches from the end of the previous `-L` range,
-if any, otherwise from the start of file.
-``^:<regex>'' searches from the start of file.
+If ``:<funcname>'' is given in place of <start> and <end>, it is a
+regular expression that denotes the range from the first funcname line
+that matches <funcname>, up to the next funcname line. ``:<funcname>''
+searches from the end of the previous `-L` range, if any, otherwise
+from the start of file. ``^:<funcname>'' searches from the start of
+file.
diff --git a/Documentation/merge-config.txt b/Documentation/merge-config.txt
index d78d6d8..8a0e52f 100644
--- a/Documentation/merge-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/merge-config.txt
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-merge.conflictstyle::
+merge.conflictStyle::
Specify the style in which conflicted hunks are written out to
working tree files upon merge. The default is "merge", which
shows a `<<<<<<<` conflict marker, changes made by one side,
diff --git a/Documentation/pretty-options.txt b/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
index 8569e29..74aa01a 100644
--- a/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
@@ -3,9 +3,13 @@
Pretty-print the contents of the commit logs in a given format,
where '<format>' can be one of 'oneline', 'short', 'medium',
- 'full', 'fuller', 'email', 'raw' and 'format:<string>'. See
- the "PRETTY FORMATS" section for some additional details for each
- format. When omitted, the format defaults to 'medium'.
+ 'full', 'fuller', 'email', 'raw', 'format:<string>'
+ and 'tformat:<string>'. When '<format>' is none of the above,
+ and has '%placeholder' in it, it acts as if
+ '--pretty=tformat:<format>' were given.
++
+See the "PRETTY FORMATS" section for some additional details for each
+format. When '=<format>' part is omitted, it defaults to 'medium'.
+
Note: you can specify the default pretty format in the repository
configuration (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
diff --git a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
index afccfdc..77ac439 100644
--- a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
@@ -59,13 +59,17 @@ endif::git-rev-list[]
matches any of the given patterns are chosen (but see
`--all-match`).
+
-When `--show-notes` is in effect, the message from the notes as
-if it is part of the log message.
+When `--show-notes` is in effect, the message from the notes is
+matched as if it were part of the log message.
--all-match::
Limit the commits output to ones that match all given `--grep`,
instead of ones that match at least one.
+--invert-grep::
+ Limit the commits output to ones with log message that do not
+ match the pattern specified with `--grep=<pattern>`.
+
-i::
--regexp-ignore-case::
Match the regular expression limiting patterns without regard to letter
@@ -119,7 +123,8 @@ parents) and `--max-parents=-1` (negative numbers denote no upper limit).
because merges into a topic branch tend to be only about
adjusting to updated upstream from time to time, and
this option allows you to ignore the individual commits
- brought in to your history by such a merge.
+ brought in to your history by such a merge. Cannot be
+ combined with --bisect.
--not::
Reverses the meaning of the '{caret}' prefix (or lack thereof)
@@ -172,11 +177,6 @@ explicitly.
Pretend as if all objects mentioned by reflogs are listed on the
command line as `<commit>`.
---indexed-objects::
- Pretend as if all trees and blobs used by the index are listed
- on the command line. Note that you probably want to use
- `--objects`, too.
-
--ignore-missing::
Upon seeing an invalid object name in the input, pretend as if
the bad input was not given.
@@ -186,7 +186,7 @@ ifndef::git-rev-list[]
Pretend as if the bad bisection ref `refs/bisect/bad`
was listed and as if it was followed by `--not` and the good
bisection refs `refs/bisect/good-*` on the command
- line.
+ line. Cannot be combined with --first-parent.
endif::git-rev-list[]
--stdin::
@@ -567,7 +567,7 @@ outputs 'midpoint', the output of the two commands
would be of roughly the same length. Finding the change which
introduces a regression is thus reduced to a binary search: repeatedly
generate and test new 'midpoint's until the commit chain is of length
-one.
+one. Cannot be combined with --first-parent.
--bisect-vars::
This calculates the same as `--bisect`, except that refs in
@@ -644,6 +644,7 @@ Object Traversal
These options are mostly targeted for packing of Git repositories.
+ifdef::git-rev-list[]
--objects::
Print the object IDs of any object referenced by the listed
commits. `--objects foo ^bar` thus means ``send me
@@ -653,13 +654,24 @@ These options are mostly targeted for packing of Git repositories.
--objects-edge::
Similar to `--objects`, but also print the IDs of excluded
commits prefixed with a ``-'' character. This is used by
- linkgit:git-pack-objects[1] to build ``thin'' pack, which records
+ linkgit:git-pack-objects[1] to build a ``thin'' pack, which records
objects in deltified form based on objects contained in these
excluded commits to reduce network traffic.
+--objects-edge-aggressive::
+ Similar to `--objects-edge`, but it tries harder to find excluded
+ commits at the cost of increased time. This is used instead of
+ `--objects-edge` to build ``thin'' packs for shallow repositories.
+
+--indexed-objects::
+ Pretend as if all trees and blobs used by the index are listed
+ on the command line. Note that you probably want to use
+ `--objects`, too.
+
--unpacked::
Only useful with `--objects`; print the object IDs that are not
in packs.
+endif::git-rev-list[]
--no-walk[=(sorted|unsorted)]::
Only show the given commits, but do not traverse their ancestors.
@@ -668,6 +680,7 @@ These options are mostly targeted for packing of Git repositories.
given on the command line. Otherwise (if `sorted` or no argument
was given), the commits are shown in reverse chronological order
by commit time.
+ Cannot be combined with `--graph`.
--do-walk::
Overrides a previous `--no-walk`.
@@ -770,6 +783,7 @@ you would get an output like this:
on the left hand side of the output. This may cause extra lines
to be printed in between commits, in order for the graph history
to be drawn properly.
+ Cannot be combined with `--no-walk`.
+
This enables parent rewriting, see 'History Simplification' below.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
index c1b42a4..e44426d 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
@@ -248,7 +248,10 @@ FORMAT` in linkgit:git-credential[7] for a detailed specification).
For a `get` operation, the helper should produce a list of attributes
on stdout in the same format. A helper is free to produce a subset, or
even no values at all if it has nothing useful to provide. Any provided
-attributes will overwrite those already known about by Git.
+attributes will overwrite those already known about by Git. If a helper
+outputs a `quit` attribute with a value of `true` or `1`, no further
+helpers will be consulted, nor will the user be prompted (if no
+credential has been provided, the operation will then fail).
For a `store` or `erase` operation, the helper's output is ignored.
If it fails to perform the requested operation, it may complain to
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-error-handling.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-error-handling.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ceeedd4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-error-handling.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,75 @@
+Error reporting in git
+======================
+
+`die`, `usage`, `error`, and `warning` report errors of various
+kinds.
+
+- `die` is for fatal application errors. It prints a message to
+ the user and exits with status 128.
+
+- `usage` is for errors in command line usage. After printing its
+ message, it exits with status 129. (See also `usage_with_options`
+ in the link:api-parse-options.html[parse-options API].)
+
+- `error` is for non-fatal library errors. It prints a message
+ to the user and returns -1 for convenience in signaling the error
+ to the caller.
+
+- `warning` is for reporting situations that probably should not
+ occur but which the user (and Git) can continue to work around
+ without running into too many problems. Like `error`, it
+ returns -1 after reporting the situation to the caller.
+
+Customizable error handlers
+---------------------------
+
+The default behavior of `die` and `error` is to write a message to
+stderr and then exit or return as appropriate. This behavior can be
+overridden using `set_die_routine` and `set_error_routine`. For
+example, "git daemon" uses set_die_routine to write the reason `die`
+was called to syslog before exiting.
+
+Library errors
+--------------
+
+Functions return a negative integer on error. Details beyond that
+vary from function to function:
+
+- Some functions return -1 for all errors. Others return a more
+ specific value depending on how the caller might want to react
+ to the error.
+
+- Some functions report the error to stderr with `error`,
+ while others leave that for the caller to do.
+
+- errno is not meaningful on return from most functions (except
+ for thin wrappers for system calls).
+
+Check the function's API documentation to be sure.
+
+Caller-handled errors
+---------------------
+
+An increasing number of functions take a parameter 'struct strbuf *err'.
+On error, such functions append a message about what went wrong to the
+'err' strbuf. The message is meant to be complete enough to be passed
+to `die` or `error` as-is. For example:
+
+ if (ref_transaction_commit(transaction, &err))
+ die("%s", err.buf);
+
+The 'err' parameter will be untouched if no error occurred, so multiple
+function calls can be chained:
+
+ t = ref_transaction_begin(&err);
+ if (!t ||
+ ref_transaction_update(t, "HEAD", ..., &err) ||
+ ret_transaction_commit(t, &err))
+ die("%s", err.buf);
+
+The 'err' parameter must be a pointer to a valid strbuf. To silence
+a message, pass a strbuf that is explicitly ignored:
+
+ if (thing_that_can_fail_in_an_ignorable_way(..., &err))
+ /* This failure is okay. */
+ strbuf_reset(&err);
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index cca6543..0000000
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,351 +0,0 @@
-strbuf API
-==========
-
-strbuf's are meant to be used with all the usual C string and memory
-APIs. Given that the length of the buffer is known, it's often better to
-use the mem* functions than a str* one (memchr vs. strchr e.g.).
-Though, one has to be careful about the fact that str* functions often
-stop on NULs and that strbufs may have embedded NULs.
-
-A strbuf is NUL terminated for convenience, but no function in the
-strbuf API actually relies on the string being free of NULs.
-
-strbufs have some invariants that are very important to keep in mind:
-
-. The `buf` member is never NULL, so it can be used in any usual C
-string operations safely. strbuf's _have_ to be initialized either by
-`strbuf_init()` or by `= STRBUF_INIT` before the invariants, though.
-+
-Do *not* assume anything on what `buf` really is (e.g. if it is
-allocated memory or not), use `strbuf_detach()` to unwrap a memory
-buffer from its strbuf shell in a safe way. That is the sole supported
-way. This will give you a malloced buffer that you can later `free()`.
-+
-However, it is totally safe to modify anything in the string pointed by
-the `buf` member, between the indices `0` and `len-1` (inclusive).
-
-. The `buf` member is a byte array that has at least `len + 1` bytes
- allocated. The extra byte is used to store a `'\0'`, allowing the
- `buf` member to be a valid C-string. Every strbuf function ensure this
- invariant is preserved.
-+
-NOTE: It is OK to "play" with the buffer directly if you work it this
- way:
-+
-----
-strbuf_grow(sb, SOME_SIZE); <1>
-strbuf_setlen(sb, sb->len + SOME_OTHER_SIZE);
-----
-<1> Here, the memory array starting at `sb->buf`, and of length
-`strbuf_avail(sb)` is all yours, and you can be sure that
-`strbuf_avail(sb)` is at least `SOME_SIZE`.
-+
-NOTE: `SOME_OTHER_SIZE` must be smaller or equal to `strbuf_avail(sb)`.
-+
-Doing so is safe, though if it has to be done in many places, adding the
-missing API to the strbuf module is the way to go.
-+
-WARNING: Do _not_ assume that the area that is yours is of size `alloc
-- 1` even if it's true in the current implementation. Alloc is somehow a
-"private" member that should not be messed with. Use `strbuf_avail()`
-instead.
-
-Data structures
----------------
-
-* `struct strbuf`
-
-This is the string buffer structure. The `len` member can be used to
-determine the current length of the string, and `buf` member provides
-access to the string itself.
-
-Functions
----------
-
-* Life cycle
-
-`strbuf_init`::
-
- Initialize the structure. The second parameter can be zero or a bigger
- number to allocate memory, in case you want to prevent further reallocs.
-
-`strbuf_release`::
-
- Release a string buffer and the memory it used. You should not use the
- string buffer after using this function, unless you initialize it again.
-
-`strbuf_detach`::
-
- Detach the string from the strbuf and returns it; you now own the
- storage the string occupies and it is your responsibility from then on
- to release it with `free(3)` when you are done with it.
-
-`strbuf_attach`::
-
- Attach a string to a buffer. You should specify the string to attach,
- the current length of the string and the amount of allocated memory.
- The amount must be larger than the string length, because the string you
- pass is supposed to be a NUL-terminated string. This string _must_ be
- malloc()ed, and after attaching, the pointer cannot be relied upon
- anymore, and neither be free()d directly.
-
-`strbuf_swap`::
-
- Swap the contents of two string buffers.
-
-* Related to the size of the buffer
-
-`strbuf_avail`::
-
- Determine the amount of allocated but unused memory.
-
-`strbuf_grow`::
-
- Ensure that at least this amount of unused memory is available after
- `len`. This is used when you know a typical size for what you will add
- and want to avoid repetitive automatic resizing of the underlying buffer.
- This is never a needed operation, but can be critical for performance in
- some cases.
-
-`strbuf_setlen`::
-
- Set the length of the buffer to a given value. This function does *not*
- allocate new memory, so you should not perform a `strbuf_setlen()` to a
- length that is larger than `len + strbuf_avail()`. `strbuf_setlen()` is
- just meant as a 'please fix invariants from this strbuf I just messed
- with'.
-
-`strbuf_reset`::
-
- Empty the buffer by setting the size of it to zero.
-
-* Related to the contents of the buffer
-
-`strbuf_trim`::
-
- Strip whitespace from the beginning and end of a string.
- Equivalent to performing `strbuf_rtrim()` followed by `strbuf_ltrim()`.
-
-`strbuf_rtrim`::
-
- Strip whitespace from the end of a string.
-
-`strbuf_ltrim`::
-
- Strip whitespace from the beginning of a string.
-
-`strbuf_reencode`::
-
- Replace the contents of the strbuf with a reencoded form. Returns -1
- on error, 0 on success.
-
-`strbuf_tolower`::
-
- Lowercase each character in the buffer using `tolower`.
-
-`strbuf_cmp`::
-
- Compare two buffers. Returns an integer less than, equal to, or greater
- than zero if the first buffer is found, respectively, to be less than,
- to match, or be greater than the second buffer.
-
-* Adding data to the buffer
-
-NOTE: All of the functions in this section will grow the buffer as necessary.
-If they fail for some reason other than memory shortage and the buffer hadn't
-been allocated before (i.e. the `struct strbuf` was set to `STRBUF_INIT`),
-then they will free() it.
-
-`strbuf_addch`::
-
- Add a single character to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_addchars`::
-
- Add a character the specified number of times to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_insert`::
-
- Insert data to the given position of the buffer. The remaining contents
- will be shifted, not overwritten.
-
-`strbuf_remove`::
-
- Remove given amount of data from a given position of the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_splice`::
-
- Remove the bytes between `pos..pos+len` and replace it with the given
- data.
-
-`strbuf_add_commented_lines`::
-
- Add a NUL-terminated string to the buffer. Each line will be prepended
- by a comment character and a blank.
-
-`strbuf_add`::
-
- Add data of given length to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_addstr`::
-
-Add a NUL-terminated string to the buffer.
-+
-NOTE: This function will *always* be implemented as an inline or a macro
-that expands to:
-+
-----
-strbuf_add(..., s, strlen(s));
-----
-+
-Meaning that this is efficient to write things like:
-+
-----
-strbuf_addstr(sb, "immediate string");
-----
-
-`strbuf_addbuf`::
-
- Copy the contents of another buffer at the end of the current one.
-
-`strbuf_adddup`::
-
- Copy part of the buffer from a given position till a given length to the
- end of the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_expand`::
-
- This function can be used to expand a format string containing
- placeholders. To that end, it parses the string and calls the specified
- function for every percent sign found.
-+
-The callback function is given a pointer to the character after the `%`
-and a pointer to the struct strbuf. It is expected to add the expanded
-version of the placeholder to the strbuf, e.g. to add a newline
-character if the letter `n` appears after a `%`. The function returns
-the length of the placeholder recognized and `strbuf_expand()` skips
-over it.
-+
-The format `%%` is automatically expanded to a single `%` as a quoting
-mechanism; callers do not need to handle the `%` placeholder themselves,
-and the callback function will not be invoked for this placeholder.
-+
-All other characters (non-percent and not skipped ones) are copied
-verbatim to the strbuf. If the callback returned zero, meaning that the
-placeholder is unknown, then the percent sign is copied, too.
-+
-In order to facilitate caching and to make it possible to give
-parameters to the callback, `strbuf_expand()` passes a context pointer,
-which can be used by the programmer of the callback as she sees fit.
-
-`strbuf_expand_dict_cb`::
-
- Used as callback for `strbuf_expand()`, expects an array of
- struct strbuf_expand_dict_entry as context, i.e. pairs of
- placeholder and replacement string. The array needs to be
- terminated by an entry with placeholder set to NULL.
-
-`strbuf_addbuf_percentquote`::
-
- Append the contents of one strbuf to another, quoting any
- percent signs ("%") into double-percents ("%%") in the
- destination. This is useful for literal data to be fed to either
- strbuf_expand or to the *printf family of functions.
-
-`strbuf_humanise_bytes`::
-
- Append the given byte size as a human-readable string (i.e. 12.23 KiB,
- 3.50 MiB).
-
-`strbuf_addf`::
-
- Add a formatted string to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_commented_addf`::
-
- Add a formatted string prepended by a comment character and a
- blank to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_fread`::
-
- Read a given size of data from a FILE* pointer to the buffer.
-+
-NOTE: The buffer is rewound if the read fails. If -1 is returned,
-`errno` must be consulted, like you would do for `read(3)`.
-`strbuf_read()`, `strbuf_read_file()` and `strbuf_getline()` has the
-same behaviour as well.
-
-`strbuf_read`::
-
- Read the contents of a given file descriptor. The third argument can be
- used to give a hint about the file size, to avoid reallocs.
-
-`strbuf_read_file`::
-
- Read the contents of a file, specified by its path. The third argument
- can be used to give a hint about the file size, to avoid reallocs.
-
-`strbuf_readlink`::
-
- Read the target of a symbolic link, specified by its path. The third
- argument can be used to give a hint about the size, to avoid reallocs.
-
-`strbuf_getline`::
-
- Read a line from a FILE *, overwriting the existing contents
- of the strbuf. The second argument specifies the line
- terminator character, typically `'\n'`.
- Reading stops after the terminator or at EOF. The terminator
- is removed from the buffer before returning. Returns 0 unless
- there was nothing left before EOF, in which case it returns `EOF`.
-
-`strbuf_getwholeline`::
-
- Like `strbuf_getline`, but keeps the trailing terminator (if
- any) in the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_getwholeline_fd`::
-
- Like `strbuf_getwholeline`, but operates on a file descriptor.
- It reads one character at a time, so it is very slow. Do not
- use it unless you need the correct position in the file
- descriptor.
-
-`strbuf_getcwd`::
-
- Set the buffer to the path of the current working directory.
-
-`strbuf_add_absolute_path`
-
- Add a path to a buffer, converting a relative path to an
- absolute one in the process. Symbolic links are not
- resolved.
-
-`stripspace`::
-
- Strip whitespace from a buffer. The second parameter controls if
- comments are considered contents to be removed or not.
-
-`strbuf_split_buf`::
-`strbuf_split_str`::
-`strbuf_split_max`::
-`strbuf_split`::
-
- Split a string or strbuf into a list of strbufs at a specified
- terminator character. The returned substrings include the
- terminator characters. Some of these functions take a `max`
- parameter, which, if positive, limits the output to that
- number of substrings.
-
-`strbuf_list_free`::
-
- Free a list of strbufs (for example, the return values of the
- `strbuf_split()` functions).
-
-`launch_editor`::
-
- Launch the user preferred editor to edit a file and fill the buffer
- with the file's contents upon the user completing their editing. The
- third argument can be used to set the environment which the editor is
- run in. If the buffer is NULL the editor is launched as usual but the
- file's contents are not read into the buffer upon completion.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt
index d51a657..c08402b 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ member (you need this if you add things later) and you should set the
`unsorted_string_list_has_string` and get it from the list using
`string_list_lookup` for sorted lists.
-. Can sort an unsorted list using `sort_string_list`.
+. Can sort an unsorted list using `string_list_sort`.
. Can remove duplicate items from a sorted list using
`string_list_remove_duplicates`.
@@ -146,7 +146,7 @@ write `string_list_insert(...)->util = ...;`.
ownership of a malloc()ed string to a `string_list` that has
`strdup_string` set.
-`sort_string_list`::
+`string_list_sort`::
Sort the list's entries by string value in `strcmp()` order.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt b/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt
index 1250b5c..35112e4 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt
@@ -207,7 +207,7 @@ Git index format
in a separate file. This extension records the changes to be made on
top of that to produce the final index.
- The signature for this extension is { 'l', 'i, 'n', 'k' }.
+ The signature for this extension is { 'l', 'i', 'n', 'k' }.
The extension consists of:
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt b/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt
index 6d5424c..4f8a7bf 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt
@@ -18,8 +18,9 @@ was sent. Server MUST NOT ignore capabilities that client requested
and server advertised. As a consequence of these rules, server MUST
NOT advertise capabilities it does not understand.
-The 'report-status', 'delete-refs', 'quiet', and 'push-cert' capabilities
-are sent and recognized by the receive-pack (push to server) process.
+The 'atomic', 'report-status', 'delete-refs', 'quiet', and 'push-cert'
+capabilities are sent and recognized by the receive-pack (push to server)
+process.
The 'ofs-delta' and 'side-band-64k' capabilities are sent and recognized
by both upload-pack and receive-pack protocols. The 'agent' capability
@@ -244,6 +245,14 @@ respond with the 'quiet' capability to suppress server-side progress
reporting if the local progress reporting is also being suppressed
(e.g., via `push -q`, or if stderr does not go to a tty).
+atomic
+------
+
+If the server sends the 'atomic' capability it is capable of accepting
+atomic pushes. If the pushing client requests this capability, the server
+will update the refs in one atomic transaction. Either all refs are
+updated or none.
+
allow-tip-sha1-in-want
----------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/user-manual.txt b/Documentation/user-manual.txt
index 7330d88..68978f5 100644
--- a/Documentation/user-manual.txt
+++ b/Documentation/user-manual.txt
@@ -1200,7 +1200,7 @@ for other users who clone your repository.
If you wish the exclude patterns to affect only certain repositories
(instead of every repository for a given project), you may instead put
them in a file in your repository named `.git/info/exclude`, or in any
-file specified by the `core.excludesfile` configuration variable.
+file specified by the `core.excludesFile` configuration variable.
Some Git commands can also take exclude patterns directly on the
command line. See linkgit:gitignore[5] for the details.