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-rw-r--r--Documentation/CodingGuidelines12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.3.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.4.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.2.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.3.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.0.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.1.txt41
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.2.txt83
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.3.txt64
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.4.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.0.txt618
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.1.txt114
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.2.txt54
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.3.txt62
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.4.txt28
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.5.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.14.0.txt517
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.14.1.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.15.0.txt133
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.12.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.6.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.7.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.7.5.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.7.6.txt25
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.8.5.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.8.6.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.4.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.5.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/SubmittingPatches24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/config.txt260
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-config.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-format.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-options.txt26
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-add.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-apply.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-archimport.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bisect.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-branch.txt49
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-checkout.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clone.txt28
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit.txt26
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential-cache.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-describe.txt26
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-import.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt36
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt110
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-format-patch.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-grep.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-files.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-name-rev.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-patch-id.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pull.txt25
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-push.txt41
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-read-tree.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rebase.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt29
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-repack.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-reset.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rm.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-email.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-pack.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-stash.txt81
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-status.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-submodule.txt131
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-svn.txt31
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tag.txt62
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tools.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-index.txt43
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-worktree.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git.txt498
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitattributes.txt85
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcli.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcredentials.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/githooks.txt21
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitmodules.txt35
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitsubmodules.txt221
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitweb.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/glossary-content.txt31
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/rebuild-from-update-hook.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/i18n.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pretty-formats.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/rev-list-options.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/revisions.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-builtin.txt73
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-gitattributes.txt86
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-hashmap.txt287
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-oid-array.txt (renamed from Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt)44
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt39
103 files changed, 3352 insertions, 1365 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index a4191aa..c4cb5ff 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ code. For Git in general, a few rough rules are:
"Once it _is_ in the tree, it's not really worth the patch noise to
go and fix it up."
- Cf. http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel/943020
+ Cf. http://lkml.iu.edu/hypermail/linux/kernel/1001.3/01069.html
Make your code readable and sensible, and don't try to be clever.
@@ -256,12 +256,12 @@ For C programs:
Note however that a comment that explains a translatable string to
translators uses a convention of starting with a magic token
- "TRANSLATORS: " immediately after the opening delimiter, even when
- it spans multiple lines. We do not add an asterisk at the beginning
- of each line, either. E.g.
+ "TRANSLATORS: ", e.g.
- /* TRANSLATORS: here is a comment that explains the string
- to be translated, that follows immediately after it */
+ /*
+ * TRANSLATORS: here is a comment that explains the string to
+ * be translated, that follows immediately after it.
+ */
_("Here is a translatable string explained by the above.");
- Double negation is often harder to understand than no negation
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index b5be2e2..2415e0d 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@ MAN7_TXT += giteveryday.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitglossary.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitnamespaces.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitrevisions.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitsubmodules.txt
MAN7_TXT += gittutorial-2.txt
MAN7_TXT += gittutorial.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitworkflows.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt
index be68524..71a86cb 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ Fixes since v1.7.10
* The 'push to upstream' implementation was broken in some corner
cases. "git push $there" without refspec, when the current branch
is set to push to a remote different from $there, used to push to
- $there using the upstream information to a remote unreleated to
+ $there using the upstream information to a remote unrelated to
$there.
* Giving "--continue" to a conflicted "rebase -i" session skipped a
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.3.txt
index 277a2a1..ad6a01b 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.3.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.3.txt
@@ -45,4 +45,11 @@ Fixes since v2.10.2
* Improve the rule to convert "unsigned char [20]" into "struct
object_id *" in contrib/coccinelle/
+ * "git-shell" rejects a request to serve a repository whose name
+ begins with a dash, which makes it no longer possible to get it
+ confused into spawning service programs like "git-upload-pack" with
+ an option like "--help", which in turn would spawn an interactive
+ pager, instead of working with the repository user asked to access
+ (i.e. the one whose name is "--help").
+
Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ee8142a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+Git v2.10.4 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+This release forward-ports the fix for "ssh://..." URL from Git v2.7.6
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7428851
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+Git v2.11.2 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.11.1
+-------------------
+
+ * "git-shell" rejects a request to serve a repository whose name
+ begins with a dash, which makes it no longer possible to get it
+ confused into spawning service programs like "git-upload-pack" with
+ an option like "--help", which in turn would spawn an interactive
+ pager, instead of working with the repository user asked to access
+ (i.e. the one whose name is "--help").
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4e3b78d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+Git v2.11.3 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+This release forward-ports the fix for "ssh://..." URL from Git v2.7.6
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.0.txt
index 2915480..ef8b97d 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.0.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.0.txt
@@ -264,7 +264,7 @@ notes for details).
needed it so far.
* Git 2.11 had a minor regression in "merge --ff-only" that competed
- with another process that simultanously attempted to update the
+ with another process that simultaneously attempted to update the
index. We used to explain what went wrong with an error message,
but the new code silently failed. The error message has been
resurrected.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a74f7db
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+Git v2.12.1 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.12
+-----------------
+
+ * Reduce authentication round-trip over HTTP when the server supports
+ just a single authentication method. This also improves the
+ behaviour when Git is misconfigured to enable http.emptyAuth
+ against a server that does not authenticate without a username
+ (i.e. not using Kerberos etc., which makes http.emptyAuth
+ pointless).
+
+ * Windows port wants to use OpenSSL's implementation of SHA-1
+ routines, so let them.
+
+ * Add 32-bit Linux variant to the set of platforms to be tested with
+ Travis CI.
+
+ * When a redirected http transport gets an error during the
+ redirected request, we ignored the error we got from the server,
+ and ended up giving a not-so-useful error message.
+
+ * The patch subcommand of "git add -i" was meant to have paths
+ selection prompt just like other subcommand, unlike "git add -p"
+ directly jumps to hunk selection. Recently, this was broken and
+ "add -i" lost the paths selection dialog, but it now has been
+ fixed.
+
+ * Git v2.12 was shipped with an embarrassing breakage where various
+ operations that verify paths given from the user stopped dying when
+ seeing an issue, and instead later triggering segfault.
+
+ * The code to parse "git log -L..." command line was buggy when there
+ are many ranges specified with -L; overrun of the allocated buffer
+ has been fixed.
+
+ * The command-line parsing of "git log -L" copied internal data
+ structures using incorrect size on ILP32 systems.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4419397
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+Git v2.12.2 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.12.1
+-------------------
+
+ * "git status --porcelain" is supposed to give a stable output, but a
+ few strings were left as translatable by mistake.
+
+ * "Dumb http" transport used to misparse a nonsense http-alternates
+ response, which has been fixed.
+
+ * "git diff --quiet" relies on the size field in diff_filespec to be
+ correctly populated, but diff_populate_filespec() helper function
+ made an incorrect short-cut when asked only to populate the size
+ field for paths that need to go through convert_to_git() (e.g. CRLF
+ conversion).
+
+ * There is no need for Python only to give a few messages to the
+ standard error stream, but we somehow did.
+
+ * A leak in a codepath to read from a packed object in (rare) cases
+ has been plugged.
+
+ * "git upload-pack", which is a counter-part of "git fetch", did not
+ report a request for a ref that was not advertised as invalid.
+ This is generally not a problem (because "git fetch" will stop
+ before making such a request), but is the right thing to do.
+
+ * A "gc.log" file left by a backgrounded "gc --auto" disables further
+ automatic gc; it has been taught to run at least once a day (by
+ default) by ignoring a stale "gc.log" file that is too old.
+
+ * "git remote rm X", when a branch has remote X configured as the
+ value of its branch.*.remote, tried to remove branch.*.remote and
+ branch.*.merge and failed if either is unset.
+
+ * A caller of tempfile API that uses stdio interface to write to
+ files may ignore errors while writing, which is detected when
+ tempfile is closed (with a call to ferror()). By that time, the
+ original errno that may have told us what went wrong is likely to
+ be long gone and was overwritten by an irrelevant value.
+ close_tempfile() now resets errno to EIO to make errno at least
+ predictable.
+
+ * "git show-branch" expected there were only very short branch names
+ in the repository and used a fixed-length buffer to hold them
+ without checking for overflow.
+
+ * The code that parses header fields in the commit object has been
+ updated for (micro)performance and code hygiene.
+
+ * A test that creates a confusing branch whose name is HEAD has been
+ corrected not to do so.
+
+ * "Cc:" on the trailer part does not have to conform to RFC strictly,
+ unlike in the e-mail header. "git send-email" has been updated to
+ ignore anything after '>' when picking addresses, to allow non-address
+ cruft like " # stable 4.4" after the address.
+
+ * "git push" had a handful of codepaths that could lead to a deadlock
+ when unexpected error happened, which has been fixed.
+
+ * Code to read submodule.<name>.ignore config did not state the
+ variable name correctly when giving an error message diagnosing
+ misconfiguration.
+
+ * "git ls-remote" and "git archive --remote" are designed to work
+ without being in a directory under Git's control. However, recent
+ updates revealed that we randomly look into a directory called
+ .git/ without actually doing necessary set-up when working in a
+ repository. Stop doing so.
+
+ * The code to parse the command line "git grep <patterns>... <rev>
+ [[--] <pathspec>...]" has been cleaned up, and a handful of bugs
+ have been fixed (e.g. we used to check "--" if it is a rev).
+
+ * The code to parse "git -c VAR=VAL cmd" and set configuration
+ variable for the duration of cmd had two small bugs, which have
+ been fixed.
+ This supersedes jc/config-case-cmdline topic that has been discarded.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ebca846
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
+Git v2.12.3 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.12.2
+-------------------
+
+ * The "parse_config_key()" API function has been cleaned up.
+
+ * An helper function to make it easier to append the result from
+ real_path() to a strbuf has been added.
+
+ * The t/perf performance test suite was not prepared to test not so
+ old versions of Git, but now it covers versions of Git that are not
+ so ancient.
+
+ * Picking two versions of Git and running tests to make sure the
+ older one and the newer one interoperate happily has now become
+ possible.
+
+ * Teach the "debug" helper used in the test framework that allows a
+ command to run under "gdb" to make the session interactive.
+
+ * "git repack --depth=<n>" for a long time busted the specified depth
+ when reusing delta from existing packs. This has been corrected.
+
+ * user.email that consists of only cruft chars should consistently
+ error out, but didn't.
+
+ * A few tests were run conditionally under (rare) conditions where
+ they cannot be run (like running cvs tests under 'root' account).
+
+ * "git branch @" created refs/heads/@ as a branch, and in general the
+ code that handled @{-1} and @{upstream} was a bit too loose in
+ disambiguating.
+
+ * "git fetch" that requests a commit by object name, when the other
+ side does not allow such an request, failed without much
+ explanation.
+
+ * "git filter-branch --prune-empty" drops a single-parent commit that
+ becomes a no-op, but did not drop a root commit whose tree is empty.
+
+ * Recent versions of Git treats http alternates (used in dumb http
+ transport) just like HTTP redirects and requires the client to
+ enable following it, due to security concerns. But we forgot to
+ give a warning when we decide not to honor the alternates.
+
+ * NO_PTHREADS build has been broken for some time; now fixed.
+
+ * Fix for potential segv introduced in v2.11.0 and later (also
+ v2.10.2).
+
+ * A few unterminated here documents in tests were fixed, which in
+ turn revealed incorrect expectations the tests make. These tests
+ have been updated.
+
+ * "git-shell" rejects a request to serve a repository whose name
+ begins with a dash, which makes it no longer possible to get it
+ confused into spawning service programs like "git-upload-pack" with
+ an option like "--help", which in turn would spawn an interactive
+ pager, instead of working with the repository user asked to access
+ (i.e. the one whose name is "--help").
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3f56938
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+Git v2.12.4 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+This release forward-ports the fix for "ssh://..." URL from Git v2.7.6
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..aa99d4b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,618 @@
+Git 2.13 Release Notes
+======================
+
+Backward compatibility notes.
+
+ * Use of an empty string as a pathspec element that is used for
+ 'everything matches' is still warned and Git asks users to use a
+ more explicit '.' for that instead. The hope is that existing
+ users will not mind this change, and eventually the warning can be
+ turned into a hard error, upgrading the deprecation into removal of
+ this (mis)feature. That is not scheduled to happen in the upcoming
+ release (yet).
+
+ * The historical argument order "git merge <msg> HEAD <commit>..."
+ has been deprecated for quite some time, and is now removed.
+
+ * The default location "~/.git-credential-cache/socket" for the
+ socket used to communicate with the credential-cache daemon has
+ been moved to "~/.cache/git/credential/socket".
+
+ * Git now avoids blindly falling back to ".git" when the setup
+ sequence said we are _not_ in Git repository. A corner case that
+ happens to work right now may be broken by a call to die("BUG").
+ We've tried hard to locate such cases and fixed them, but there
+ might still be cases that need to be addressed--bug reports are
+ greatly appreciated.
+
+
+Updates since v2.12
+-------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * "git describe" and "git name-rev" have been taught to take more
+ than one refname patterns to restrict the set of refs to base their
+ naming output on, and also learned to take negative patterns to
+ name refs not to be used for naming via their "--exclude" option.
+
+ * Deletion of a branch "foo/bar" could remove .git/refs/heads/foo
+ once there no longer is any other branch whose name begins with
+ "foo/", but we didn't do so so far. Now we do.
+
+ * When "git merge" detects a path that is renamed in one history
+ while the other history deleted (or modified) it, it now reports
+ both paths to help the user understand what is going on in the two
+ histories being merged.
+
+ * The <url> part in "http.<url>.<variable>" configuration variable
+ can now be spelled with '*' that serves as wildcard.
+ E.g. "http.https://*.example.com.proxy" can be used to specify the
+ proxy used for https://a.example.com, https://b.example.com, etc.,
+ i.e. any host in the example.com domain.
+
+ * "git tag" did not leave useful message when adding a new entry to
+ reflog; this was left unnoticed for a long time because refs/tags/*
+ doesn't keep reflog by default.
+
+ * The "negative" pathspec feature was somewhat more cumbersome to use
+ than necessary in that its short-hand used "!" which needed to be
+ escaped from shells, and it required "exclude from what?" specified.
+
+ * The command line options for ssh invocation needs to be tweaked for
+ some implementations of SSH (e.g. PuTTY plink wants "-P <port>"
+ while OpenSSH wants "-p <port>" to specify port to connect to), and
+ the variant was guessed when GIT_SSH environment variable is used
+ to specify it. The logic to guess now applies to the command
+ specified by the newer GIT_SSH_COMMAND and also core.sshcommand
+ configuration variable, and comes with an escape hatch for users to
+ deal with misdetected cases.
+
+ * The "--git-path", "--git-common-dir", and "--shared-index-path"
+ options of "git rev-parse" did not produce usable output. They are
+ now updated to show the path to the correct file, relative to where
+ the caller is.
+
+ * "git diff -W" has been taught to handle the case where a new
+ function is added at the end of the file better.
+
+ * "git update-ref -d" and other operations to delete references did
+ not leave any entry in HEAD's reflog when the reference being
+ deleted was the current branch. This is not a problem in practice
+ because you do not want to delete the branch you are currently on,
+ but caused renaming of the current branch to something else not to
+ be logged in a useful way.
+
+ * "Cc:" on the trailer part does not have to conform to RFC strictly,
+ unlike in the e-mail header. "git send-email" has been updated to
+ ignore anything after '>' when picking addresses, to allow non-address
+ cruft like " # stable 4.4" after the address.
+
+ * When "git submodule init" decides that the submodule in the working
+ tree is its upstream, it now gives a warning as it is not a very
+ common setup.
+
+ * "git stash push" takes a pathspec so that the local changes can be
+ stashed away only partially.
+
+ * Documentation for "git ls-files" did not refer to core.quotePath.
+
+ * The experimental "split index" feature has gained a few
+ configuration variables to make it easier to use.
+
+ * From a working tree of a repository, a new option of "rev-parse"
+ lets you ask if the repository is used as a submodule of another
+ project, and where the root level of the working tree of that
+ project (i.e. your superproject) is.
+
+ * The pathspec mechanism learned to further limit the paths that
+ match the pattern to those that have specified attributes attached
+ via the gitattributes mechanism.
+
+ * Our source code has used the SHA1_HEADER cpp macro after "#include"
+ in the C code to switch among the SHA-1 implementations. Instead,
+ list the exact header file names and switch among implementations
+ using "#ifdef BLK_SHA1/#include "block-sha1/sha1.h"/.../#endif";
+ this helps some IDE tools.
+
+ * The start-up sequence of "git" needs to figure out some configured
+ settings before it finds and set itself up in the location of the
+ repository and was quite messy due to its "chicken-and-egg" nature.
+ The code has been restructured.
+
+ * The command line prompt (in contrib/) learned a new 'tag' style
+ that can be specified with GIT_PS1_DESCRIBE_STYLE, to describe a
+ detached HEAD with "git describe --tags".
+
+ * The configuration file learned a new "includeIf.<condition>.path"
+ that includes the contents of the given path only when the
+ condition holds. This allows you to say "include this work-related
+ bit only in the repositories under my ~/work/ directory".
+
+ * Recent update to "rebase -i" started showing a message that is not
+ a warning with "warning:" prefix by mistake. This has been fixed.
+
+ * Recently we started passing the "--push-options" through the
+ external remote helper interface; now the "smart HTTP" remote
+ helper understands what to do with the passed information.
+
+ * "git describe --dirty" dies when it cannot be determined if the
+ state in the working tree matches that of HEAD (e.g. broken
+ repository or broken submodule). The command learned a new option
+ "git describe --broken" to give "$name-broken" (where $name is the
+ description of HEAD) in such a case.
+
+ * "git checkout" is taught the "--recurse-submodules" option.
+
+ * Recent enhancement to "git stash push" command to support pathspec
+ to allow only a subset of working tree changes to be stashed away
+ was found to be too chatty and exposed the internal implementation
+ detail (e.g. when it uses reset to match the index to HEAD before
+ doing other things, output from reset seeped out). These, and
+ other chattyness has been fixed.
+
+ * "git merge <message> HEAD <commit>" syntax that has been deprecated
+ since October 2007 has been removed.
+
+ * The refs completion for large number of refs has been sped up,
+ partly by giving up disambiguating ambiguous refs and partly by
+ eliminating most of the shell processing between 'git for-each-ref'
+ and 'ls-remote' and Bash's completion facility.
+
+ * On many keyboards, typing "@{" involves holding down SHIFT key and
+ one can easily end up with "@{Up..." when typing "@{upstream}". As
+ the upstream/push keywords do not appear anywhere else in the syntax,
+ we can safely accept them case insensitively without introducing
+ ambiguity or confusion to solve this.
+
+ * "git tag/branch/for-each-ref" family of commands long allowed to
+ filter the refs by "--contains X" (show only the refs that are
+ descendants of X), "--merged X" (show only the refs that are
+ ancestors of X), "--no-merged X" (show only the refs that are not
+ ancestors of X). One curious omission, "--no-contains X" (show
+ only the refs that are not descendants of X) has been added to
+ them.
+
+ * The default behaviour of "git log" in an interactive session has
+ been changed to enable "--decorate".
+
+ * The output from "git status --short" has been extended to show
+ various kinds of dirtyness in submodules differently; instead of to
+ "M" for modified, 'm' and '?' can be shown to signal changes only
+ to the working tree of the submodule but not the commit that is
+ checked out.
+
+ * Allow the http.postbuffer configuration variable to be set to a
+ size that can be expressed in size_t, which can be larger than
+ ulong on some platforms.
+
+ * "git rebase" learns "--signoff" option.
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/) learned to complete "git push
+ --delete b<TAB>" to complete branch name to be deleted.
+
+ * "git worktree add --lock" allows to lock a worktree immediately
+ after it's created. This helps prevent a race between "git worktree
+ add; git worktree lock" and "git worktree prune".
+
+ * Completion for "git checkout <branch>" that auto-creates the branch
+ out of a remote tracking branch can now be disabled, as this
+ completion often gets in the way when completing to checkout an
+ existing local branch that happens to share the same prefix with
+ bunch of remote tracking branches.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * The code to list branches in "git branch" has been consolidated
+ with the more generic ref-filter API.
+
+ * Resource usage while enumerating refs from alternate object store
+ has been optimized to help receiving end of "push" that hosts a
+ repository with many "forks".
+
+ * The gitattributes machinery is being taught to work better in a
+ multi-threaded environment.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" starts using the recently updated "sequencer" code.
+
+ * Code and design clean-up for the refs API.
+
+ * The preload-index code has been taught not to bother with the index
+ entries that are paths that are not checked out by "sparse checkout".
+
+ * Some warning() messages from "git clean" were updated to show the
+ errno from failed system calls.
+
+ * The "parse_config_key()" API function has been cleaned up.
+
+ * A test that creates a confusing branch whose name is HEAD has been
+ corrected not to do so.
+
+ * The code that parses header fields in the commit object has been
+ updated for (micro)performance and code hygiene.
+
+ * An helper function to make it easier to append the result from
+ real_path() to a strbuf has been added.
+
+ * Reduce authentication round-trip over HTTP when the server supports
+ just a single authentication method. This also improves the
+ behaviour when Git is misconfigured to enable http.emptyAuth
+ against a server that does not authenticate without a username
+ (i.e. not using Kerberos etc., which makes http.emptyAuth
+ pointless).
+
+ * Windows port wants to use OpenSSL's implementation of SHA-1
+ routines, so let them.
+
+ * The t/perf performance test suite was not prepared to test not so
+ old versions of Git, but now it covers versions of Git that are not
+ so ancient.
+
+ * Add 32-bit Linux variant to the set of platforms to be tested with
+ Travis CI.
+
+ * "git branch --list" takes the "--abbrev" and "--no-abbrev" options
+ to control the output of the object name in its "-v"(erbose)
+ output, but a recent update started ignoring them; fix it before
+ the breakage reaches to any released version.
+
+ * Picking two versions of Git and running tests to make sure the
+ older one and the newer one interoperate happily has now become
+ possible.
+
+ * "git tag --contains" used to (ab)use the object bits to keep track
+ of the state of object reachability without clearing them after
+ use; this has been cleaned up and made to use the newer commit-slab
+ facility.
+
+ * The "debug" helper used in the test framework learned to run
+ a command under "gdb" interactively.
+
+ * The "detect attempt to create collisions" variant of SHA-1
+ implementation by Marc Stevens (CWI) and Dan Shumow (Microsoft)
+ has been integrated and made the default.
+
+ * The test framework learned to detect unterminated here documents.
+
+ * The name-hash used for detecting paths that are different only in
+ cases (which matter on case insensitive filesystems) has been
+ optimized to take advantage of multi-threading when it makes sense.
+
+ * An earlier version of sha1dc/sha1.c that was merged to 'master'
+ compiled incorrectly on Windows, which has been fixed.
+
+ * "what URL do we want to update this submodule?" and "are we
+ interested in this submodule?" are split into two distinct
+ concepts, and then the way used to express the latter got extended,
+ paving a way to make it easier to manage a project with many
+ submodules and make it possible to later extend use of multiple
+ worktrees for a project with submodules.
+
+ * Some debugging output from "git describe" were marked for l10n,
+ but some weren't. Mark missing ones for l10n.
+
+ * Define a new task in .travis.yml that triggers a test session on
+ Windows run elsewhere.
+
+ * Conversion from uchar[20] to struct object_id continues.
+
+ * The "submodule" specific field in the ref_store structure is
+ replaced with a more generic "gitdir" that can later be used also
+ when dealing with ref_store that represents the set of refs visible
+ from the other worktrees.
+
+ * The string-list API used a custom reallocation strategy that was
+ very inefficient, instead of using the usual ALLOC_GROW() macro,
+ which has been fixed.
+ (merge 950a234cbd jh/string-list-micro-optim later to maint).
+
+ * In a 2- and 3-way merge of trees, more than one source trees often
+ end up sharing an identical subtree; optimize by not reading the
+ same tree multiple times in such a case.
+ (merge d12a8cf0af jh/unpack-trees-micro-optim later to maint).
+
+ * The index file has a trailing SHA-1 checksum to detect file
+ corruption, and historically we checked it every time the index
+ file is used. Omit the validation during normal use, and instead
+ verify only in "git fsck".
+
+ * Having a git command on the upstream side of a pipe in a test
+ script will hide the exit status from the command, which may cause
+ us to fail to notice a breakage; rewrite tests in a script to avoid
+ this issue.
+
+ * Travis CI learns to run coccicheck.
+
+ * "git checkout" that handles a lot of paths has been optimized by
+ reducing the number of unnecessary checks of paths in the
+ has_dir_name() function.
+
+ * The internals of the refs API around the cached refs has been
+ streamlined.
+
+ * Output from perf tests have been updated to align their titles.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.12
+-----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.12 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git repack --depth=<n>" for a long time busted the specified depth
+ when reusing delta from existing packs. This has been corrected.
+
+ * The code to parse the command line "git grep <patterns>... <rev>
+ [[--] <pathspec>...]" has been cleaned up, and a handful of bugs
+ have been fixed (e.g. we used to check "--" if it is a rev).
+
+ * "git ls-remote" and "git archive --remote" are designed to work
+ without being in a directory under Git's control. However, recent
+ updates revealed that we randomly look into a directory called
+ .git/ without actually doing necessary set-up when working in a
+ repository. Stop doing so.
+
+ * "git show-branch" expected there were only very short branch names
+ in the repository and used a fixed-length buffer to hold them
+ without checking for overflow.
+
+ * A caller of tempfile API that uses stdio interface to write to
+ files may ignore errors while writing, which is detected when
+ tempfile is closed (with a call to ferror()). By that time, the
+ original errno that may have told us what went wrong is likely to
+ be long gone and was overwritten by an irrelevant value.
+ close_tempfile() now resets errno to EIO to make errno at least
+ predictable.
+
+ * "git remote rm X", when a branch has remote X configured as the
+ value of its branch.*.remote, tried to remove branch.*.remote and
+ branch.*.merge and failed if either is unset.
+
+ * A "gc.log" file left by a backgrounded "gc --auto" disables further
+ automatic gc; it has been taught to run at least once a day (by
+ default) by ignoring a stale "gc.log" file that is too old.
+
+ * The code to parse "git -c VAR=VAL cmd" and set configuration
+ variable for the duration of cmd had two small bugs, which have
+ been fixed.
+
+ * user.email that consists of only cruft chars should consistently
+ error out, but didn't.
+
+ * "git upload-pack", which is a counter-part of "git fetch", did not
+ report a request for a ref that was not advertised as invalid.
+ This is generally not a problem (because "git fetch" will stop
+ before making such a request), but is the right thing to do.
+
+ * A leak in a codepath to read from a packed object in (rare) cases
+ has been plugged.
+
+ * When a redirected http transport gets an error during the
+ redirected request, we ignored the error we got from the server,
+ and ended up giving a not-so-useful error message.
+
+ * The patch subcommand of "git add -i" was meant to have paths
+ selection prompt just like other subcommand, unlike "git add -p"
+ directly jumps to hunk selection. Recently, this was broken and
+ "add -i" lost the paths selection dialog, but it now has been
+ fixed.
+
+ * Git v2.12 was shipped with an embarrassing breakage where various
+ operations that verify paths given from the user stopped dying when
+ seeing an issue, and instead later triggering segfault.
+
+ * There is no need for Python only to give a few messages to the
+ standard error stream, but we somehow did.
+
+ * The code to parse "git log -L..." command line was buggy when there
+ are many ranges specified with -L; overrun of the allocated buffer
+ has been fixed.
+
+ * The command-line parsing of "git log -L" copied internal data
+ structures using incorrect size on ILP32 systems.
+
+ * "git diff --quiet" relies on the size field in diff_filespec to be
+ correctly populated, but diff_populate_filespec() helper function
+ made an incorrect short-cut when asked only to populate the size
+ field for paths that need to go through convert_to_git() (e.g. CRLF
+ conversion).
+
+ * A few tests were run conditionally under (rare) conditions where
+ they cannot be run (like running cvs tests under 'root' account).
+
+ * "git branch @" created refs/heads/@ as a branch, and in general the
+ code that handled @{-1} and @{upstream} was a bit too loose in
+ disambiguating.
+
+ * "git fetch" that requests a commit by object name, when the other
+ side does not allow such an request, failed without much
+ explanation.
+
+ * "git filter-branch --prune-empty" drops a single-parent commit that
+ becomes a no-op, but did not drop a root commit whose tree is empty.
+
+ * Recent versions of Git treats http alternates (used in dumb http
+ transport) just like HTTP redirects and requires the client to
+ enable following it, due to security concerns. But we forgot to
+ give a warning when we decide not to honor the alternates.
+
+ * "git push" had a handful of codepaths that could lead to a deadlock
+ when unexpected error happened, which has been fixed.
+
+ * "Dumb http" transport used to misparse a nonsense http-alternates
+ response, which has been fixed.
+
+ * "git add -p <pathspec>" unnecessarily expanded the pathspec to a
+ list of individual files that matches the pathspec by running "git
+ ls-files <pathspec>", before feeding it to "git diff-index" to see
+ which paths have changes, because historically the pathspec
+ language supported by "diff-index" was weaker. These days they are
+ equivalent and there is no reason to internally expand it. This
+ helps both performance and avoids command line argument limit on
+ some platforms.
+ (merge 7288e12cce jk/add-i-use-pathspecs later to maint).
+
+ * "git status --porcelain" is supposed to give a stable output, but a
+ few strings were left as translatable by mistake.
+
+ * "git revert -m 0 $merge_commit" complained that reverting a merge
+ needs to say relative to which parent the reversion needs to
+ happen, as if "-m 0" weren't given. The correct diagnosis is that
+ "-m 0" does not refer to the first parent ("-m 1" does). This has
+ been fixed.
+
+ * Code to read submodule.<name>.ignore config did not state the
+ variable name correctly when giving an error message diagnosing
+ misconfiguration.
+
+ * Fix for NO_PTHREADS build.
+
+ * Fix for potential segv introduced in v2.11.0 and later (also
+ v2.10.2) to "git log --pickaxe-regex -S".
+
+ * A few unterminated here documents in tests were fixed, which in
+ turn revealed incorrect expectations the tests make. These tests
+ have been updated.
+
+ * Fix for NO_PTHREADS option.
+ (merge 2225e1ea20 bw/grep-recurse-submodules later to maint).
+
+ * Git now avoids blindly falling back to ".git" when the setup
+ sequence said we are _not_ in Git repository. A corner case that
+ happens to work right now may be broken by a call to die("BUG").
+ (merge b1ef400eec jk/no-looking-at-dotgit-outside-repo-final later to maint).
+
+ * A few commands that recently learned the "--recurse-submodule"
+ option misbehaved when started from a subdirectory of the
+ superproject.
+ (merge b2dfeb7c00 bw/recurse-submodules-relative-fix later to maint).
+
+ * FreeBSD implementation of getcwd(3) behaved differently when an
+ intermediate directory is unreadable/unsearchable depending on the
+ length of the buffer provided, which our strbuf_getcwd() was not
+ aware of. strbuf_getcwd() has been taught to cope with it better.
+ (merge a54e938e5b rs/freebsd-getcwd-workaround later to maint).
+
+ * A recent update to "rebase -i" stopped running hooks for the "git
+ commit" command during "reword" action, which has been fixed.
+
+ * Removing an entry from a notes tree and then looking another note
+ entry from the resulting tree using the internal notes API
+ functions did not work as expected. No in-tree users of the API
+ has such access pattern, but it still is worth fixing.
+
+ * "git receive-pack" could have been forced to die by attempting
+ allocate an unreasonably large amount of memory with a crafted push
+ certificate; this has been fixed.
+ (merge f2214dede9 bc/push-cert-receive-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Update error handling for codepath that deals with corrupt loose
+ objects.
+ (merge 51054177b3 jk/loose-object-info-report-error later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff --submodule=diff" learned to work better in a project
+ with a submodule that in turn has its own submodules.
+ (merge 17b254cda6 sb/show-diff-for-submodule-in-diff-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Update the build dependency so that an update to /usr/bin/perl
+ etc. result in recomputation of perl.mak file.
+ (merge c59c4939c2 ab/regen-perl-mak-with-different-perl later to maint).
+
+ * "git push --recurse-submodules --push-option=<string>" learned to
+ propagate the push option recursively down to pushes in submodules.
+
+ * If a patch e-mail had its first paragraph after an in-body header
+ indented (even after a blank line after the in-body header line),
+ the indented line was mistook as a continuation of the in-body
+ header. This has been fixed.
+ (merge fd1062e52e lt/mailinfo-in-body-header-continuation later to maint).
+
+ * Clean up fallouts from recent tightening of the set-up sequence,
+ where Git barfs when repository information is accessed without
+ first ensuring that it was started in a repository.
+ (merge bccb22cbb1 jk/no-looking-at-dotgit-outside-repo later to maint).
+
+ * "git p4" used "name-rev HEAD" when it wants to learn what branch is
+ checked out; it should use "symbolic-ref HEAD".
+ (merge eff451101d ld/p4-current-branch-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "http.proxy" set to an empty string is used to disable the usage of
+ proxy. We broke this early last year.
+ (merge ae51d91105 sr/http-proxy-configuration-fix later to maint).
+
+ * $GIT_DIR may in some cases be normalized with all symlinks resolved
+ while "gitdir" path expansion in the pattern does not receive the
+ same treatment, leading to incorrect mismatch. This has been fixed.
+
+ * "git submodule" script does not work well with strange pathnames.
+ Protect it from a path with slashes in them, at least.
+
+ * "git fetch-pack" was not prepared to accept ERR packet that the
+ upload-pack can send with a human-readable error message. It
+ showed the packet contents with ERR prefix, so there was no data
+ loss, but it was redundant to say "ERR" in an error message.
+ (merge 8e2c7bef03 jt/fetch-pack-error-reporting later to maint).
+
+ * "ls-files --recurse-submodules" did not quite work well in a
+ project with nested submodules.
+
+ * gethostname(2) may not NUL terminate the buffer if hostname does
+ not fit; unfortunately there is no easy way to see if our buffer
+ was too small, but at least this will make sure we will not end up
+ using garbage past the end of the buffer.
+ (merge 5781a9a270 dt/xgethostname-nul-termination later to maint).
+
+ * A recent update broke "git add -p ../foo" from a subdirectory.
+
+ * While handy, "git_path()" is a dangerous function to use as a
+ callsite that uses it safely one day can be broken by changes
+ to other code that calls it. Reduction of its use continues.
+ (merge 16d2676c9e jk/war-on-git-path later to maint).
+
+ * The split-index code configuration code used an unsafe git_path()
+ function without copying its result out.
+
+ * Many stale HTTP(s) links have been updated in our documentation.
+ (merge 613416f0be jk/update-links-in-docs later to maint).
+
+ * "git-shell" rejects a request to serve a repository whose name
+ begins with a dash, which makes it no longer possible to get it
+ confused into spawning service programs like "git-upload-pack" with
+ an option like "--help", which in turn would spawn an interactive
+ pager, instead of working with the repository user asked to access
+ (i.e. the one whose name is "--help").
+
+ * Other minor doc, test and build updates and code cleanups.
+ (merge df2a6e38b7 jk/pager-in-use later to maint).
+ (merge 75ec4a6cb0 ab/branch-list-doc later to maint).
+ (merge 3e5b36c637 sg/skip-prefix-in-prettify-refname later to maint).
+ (merge 2c5e2865cc jk/fast-import-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge 4473060bc2 ab/test-readme-updates later to maint).
+ (merge 48a96972fd ab/doc-submitting later to maint).
+ (merge f5c2bc2b96 jk/make-coccicheck-detect-errors later to maint).
+ (merge c105f563d1 cc/untracked later to maint).
+ (merge 8668976b53 jc/unused-symbols later to maint).
+ (merge fba275dc93 jc/bs-t-is-not-a-tab-for-sed later to maint).
+ (merge be6ed145de mm/ls-files-s-doc later to maint).
+ (merge 60b091c679 qp/bisect-docfix later to maint).
+ (merge 47242cd103 ah/diff-files-ours-theirs-doc later to maint).
+ (merge 35ad44cbd8 sb/submodule-rm-absorb later to maint).
+ (merge 0301f1fd92 va/i18n-perl-scripts later to maint).
+ (merge 733e064d98 vn/revision-shorthand-for-side-branch-log later to maint).
+ (merge 85999743e7 tb/doc-eol-normalization later to maint).
+ (merge 0747fb49fd jk/loose-object-fsck later to maint).
+ (merge d8f4481c4f jk/quarantine-received-objects later to maint).
+ (merge 7ba1ceef95 xy/format-patch-base later to maint).
+ (merge fa1912c89a rs/misc-cppcheck-fixes later to maint).
+ (merge f17d642d3b ab/push-cas-doc-n-test later to maint).
+ (merge 61e282425a ss/gitmodules-ignore-doc later to maint).
+ (merge 8d3047cd5b ss/submodule-shallow-doc later to maint).
+ (merge 1f9e18b772 jk/prio-queue-avoid-swap-with-self later to maint).
+ (merge 627fde1025 jk/submodule-init-segv-fix later to maint).
+ (merge d395745d81 rg/doc-pull-typofix later to maint).
+ (merge 01e60a9a22 rg/doc-submittingpatches-wordfix later to maint).
+ (merge 501d3cd7b8 sr/hooks-cwd-doc later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ed7cd97
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,114 @@
+Git v2.13.1 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.13
+-----------------
+
+ * The Web interface to gmane news archive is long gone, even though
+ the articles are still accessible via NTTP. Replace the links with
+ ones to public-inbox.org. Because their message identification is
+ based on the actual message-id, it is likely that it will be easier
+ to migrate away from it if/when necessary.
+
+ * Update tests to pass under GETTEXT_POISON (a mechanism to ensure
+ that output strings that should not be translated are not
+ translated by mistake), and tell TravisCI to run them.
+
+ * Setting "log.decorate=false" in the configuration file did not take
+ effect in v2.13, which has been corrected.
+
+ * An earlier update to test 7400 needed to be skipped on CYGWIN.
+
+ * Git sometimes gives an advice in a rhetorical question that does
+ not require an answer, which can confuse new users and non native
+ speakers. Attempt to rephrase them.
+
+ * "git read-tree -m" (no tree-ish) gave a nonsense suggestion "use
+ --empty if you want to clear the index". With "-m", such a request
+ will still fail anyway, as you'd need to name at least one tree-ish
+ to be merged.
+
+ * The codepath in "git am" that is used when running "git rebase"
+ leaked memory held for the log message of the commits being rebased.
+
+ * "pack-objects" can stream a slice of an existing packfile out when
+ the pack bitmap can tell that the reachable objects are all needed
+ in the output, without inspecting individual objects. This
+ strategy however would not work well when "--local" and other
+ options are in use, and need to be disabled.
+
+ * Clarify documentation for include.path and includeIf.<condition>.path
+ configuration variables.
+
+ * Tag objects, which are not reachable from any ref, that point at
+ missing objects were mishandled by "git gc" and friends (they
+ should silently be ignored instead)
+
+ * A few http:// links that are redirected to https:// in the
+ documentation have been updated to https:// links.
+
+ * Make sure our tests would pass when the sources are checked out
+ with "platform native" line ending convention by default on
+ Windows. Some "text" files out tests use and the test scripts
+ themselves that are meant to be run with /bin/sh, ought to be
+ checked out with eol=LF even on Windows.
+
+ * Fix memory leaks pointed out by Coverity (and people).
+
+ * The receive-pack program now makes sure that the push certificate
+ records the same set of push options used for pushing.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" and other uses of the sequencer machinery
+ mishandled a trailer block whose last line is an incomplete line.
+ This has been fixed so that an additional sign-off etc. are added
+ after completing the existing incomplete line.
+
+ * The shell completion script (in contrib/) learned "git stash" has
+ a new "push" subcommand.
+
+ * Travis CI gained a task to format the documentation with both
+ AsciiDoc and AsciiDoctor.
+
+ * Update the C style recommendation for notes for translators, as
+ recent versions of gettext tools can work with our style of
+ multi-line comments.
+
+ * "git clone --config var=val" is a way to populate the
+ per-repository configuration file of the new repository, but it did
+ not work well when val is an empty string. This has been fixed.
+
+ * A few codepaths in "checkout" and "am" working on an unborn branch
+ tried to access an uninitialized piece of memory.
+
+ * "git for-each-ref --format=..." with %(HEAD) in the format used to
+ resolve the HEAD symref as many times as it had processed refs,
+ which was wasteful, and "git branch" shared the same problem.
+
+ * "git interpret-trailers", when used as GIT_EDITOR for "git commit
+ -v", looked for and appended to a trailer block at the very end,
+ i.e. at the end of the "diff" output. The command has been
+ corrected to pay attention to the cut-mark line "commit -v" adds to
+ the buffer---the real trailer block should appear just before it.
+
+ * A test allowed both "git push" and "git receive-pack" on the other
+ end write their traces into the same file. This is OK on platforms
+ that allows atomically appending to a file opened with O_APPEND,
+ but on other platforms led to a mangled output, causing
+ intermittent test failures. This has been fixed by disabling
+ traces from "receive-pack" in the test.
+
+ * "foo\bar\baz" in "git fetch foo\bar\baz", even though there is no
+ slashes in it, cannot be a nickname for a remote on Windows, as
+ that is likely to be a pathname on a local filesystem.
+
+ * The "collision detecting" SHA-1 implementation shipped with 2.13
+ was quite broken on some big-endian platforms and/or platforms that
+ do not like unaligned fetches. Update to the upstream code which
+ has already fixed these issues.
+
+ * "git am -h" triggered a BUG().
+
+ * The interaction of "url.*.insteadOf" and custom URL scheme's
+ whitelisting is now documented better.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8c2b200
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
+Git v2.13.2 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.13.1
+-------------------
+
+ * The "collision detecting" SHA-1 implementation shipped with 2.13.1
+ was still broken on some platforms. Update to the upstream code
+ again to take their fix.
+
+ * "git checkout --recurse-submodules" did not quite work with a
+ submodule that itself has submodules.
+
+ * Introduce the BUG() macro to improve die("BUG: ...").
+
+ * The "run-command" API implementation has been made more robust
+ against dead-locking in a threaded environment.
+
+ * A recent update to t5545-push-options.sh started skipping all the
+ tests in the script when a web server testing is disabled or
+ unavailable, not just the ones that require a web server. Non HTTP
+ tests have been salvaged to always run in this script.
+
+ * "git clean -d" used to clean directories that has ignored files,
+ even though the command should not lose ignored ones without "-x".
+ "git status --ignored" did not list ignored and untracked files
+ without "-uall". These have been corrected.
+
+ * The timestamp of the index file is now taken after the file is
+ closed, to help Windows, on which a stale timestamp is reported by
+ fstat() on a file that is opened for writing and data was written
+ but not yet closed.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase --autostash" didn't auto-stash when the local history
+ fast-forwards to the upstream.
+
+ * "git describe --contains" penalized light-weight tags so much that
+ they were almost never considered. Instead, give them about the
+ same chance to be considered as an annotated tag that is the same
+ age as the underlying commit would.
+
+ * The result from "git diff" that compares two blobs, e.g. "git diff
+ $commit1:$path $commit2:$path", used to be shown with the full
+ object name as given on the command line, but it is more natural to
+ use the $path in the output and use it to look up .gitattributes.
+
+ * A flaky test has been corrected.
+
+ * Help contributors that visit us at GitHub.
+
+ * "git stash push <pathspec>" did not work from a subdirectory at all.
+ Bugfix for a topic in v2.13
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5d76ad5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,62 @@
+Git v2.13.3 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.13.2
+-------------------
+
+ * The "collision detecting" SHA-1 implementation shipped with 2.13.2
+ was still broken on some platforms. Update to the upstream code
+ again to take their fix.
+
+ * The 'diff-highlight' program (in contrib/) has been restructured
+ for easier reuse by an external project 'diff-so-fancy'.
+
+ * "git mergetool" learned to work around a wrapper MacOS X adds
+ around underlying meld.
+
+ * An example in documentation that does not work in multi worktree
+ configuration has been corrected.
+
+ * The pretty-format specifiers like '%h', '%t', etc. had an
+ optimization that no longer works correctly. In preparation/hope
+ of getting it correctly implemented, first discard the optimization
+ that is broken.
+
+ * The code to pick up and execute command alias definition from the
+ configuration used to switch to the top of the working tree and
+ then come back when the expanded alias was executed, which was
+ unnecessarilyl complex. Attempt to simplify the logic by using the
+ early-config mechanism that does not chdir around.
+
+ * "git add -p" were updated in 2.12 timeframe to cope with custom
+ core.commentchar but the implementation was buggy and a
+ metacharacter like $ and * did not work.
+
+ * Fix a recent regression to "git rebase -i" and add tests that would
+ have caught it and others.
+
+ * An unaligned 32-bit access in pack-bitmap code ahs been corrected.
+
+ * Tighten error checks for invalid "git apply" input.
+
+ * The split index code did not honor core.sharedrepository setting
+ correctly.
+
+ * The Makefile rule in contrib/subtree for building documentation
+ learned to honour USE_ASCIIDOCTOR just like the main documentation
+ set does.
+
+ * A few tests that tried to verify the contents of push certificates
+ did not use 'git rev-parse' to formulate the line to look for in
+ the certificate correctly.
+
+ * After "git branch --move" of the currently checked out branch, the
+ code to walk the reflog of HEAD via "log -g" and friends
+ incorrectly stopped at the reflog entry that records the renaming
+ of the branch.
+
+ * The rewrite of "git branch --list" using for-each-ref's internals
+ that happened in v2.13 regressed its handling of color.branch.local;
+ this has been fixed.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9a9f8f9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+Git v2.13.4 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.13.3
+-------------------
+
+ * Update the character width tables.
+
+ * A recent update broke an alias that contained an uppercase letter,
+ which has been fixed.
+
+ * On Cygwin, similar to Windows, "git push //server/share/repository"
+ ought to mean a repository on a network share that can be accessed
+ locally, but this did not work correctly due to stripping the double
+ slashes at the beginning.
+
+ * The progress meter did not give a useful output when we haven't had
+ 0.5 seconds to measure the throughput during the interval. Instead
+ show the overall throughput rate at the end, which is a much more
+ useful number.
+
+ * We run an early part of "git gc" that deals with refs before
+ daemonising (and not under lock) even when running a background
+ auto-gc, which caused multiple gc processes attempting to run the
+ early part at the same time. This is now prevented by running the
+ early part also under the GC lock.
+
+Also contains a handful of small code and documentation clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6949fcd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.13.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+Git v2.13.5 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+This release forward-ports the fix for "ssh://..." URL from Git v2.7.6
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.14.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.14.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4246c68
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.14.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,517 @@
+Git 2.14 Release Notes
+======================
+
+Backward compatibility notes and other notable changes.
+
+ * Use of an empty string as a pathspec element that is used for
+ 'everything matches' is still warned and Git asks users to use a
+ more explicit '.' for that instead. The hope is that existing
+ users will not mind this change, and eventually the warning can be
+ turned into a hard error, upgrading the deprecation into removal of
+ this (mis)feature. That is not scheduled to happen in the upcoming
+ release (yet).
+
+ * Git now avoids blindly falling back to ".git" when the setup
+ sequence said we are _not_ in Git repository. A corner case that
+ happens to work right now may be broken by a call to die("BUG").
+ We've tried hard to locate such cases and fixed them, but there
+ might still be cases that need to be addressed--bug reports are
+ greatly appreciated.
+
+ * The experiment to improve the hunk-boundary selection of textual
+ diff output has finished, and the "indent heuristics" has now
+ become the default.
+
+ * Git can now be built with PCRE v2 instead of v1 of the PCRE
+ library. Replace USE_LIBPCRE=YesPlease with USE_LIBPCRE2=YesPlease
+ in existing build scripts to build against the new version. As the
+ upstream PCRE maintainer has abandoned v1 maintenance for all but
+ the most critical bug fixes, use of v2 is recommended.
+
+
+Updates since v2.13
+-------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * The colors in which "git status --short --branch" showed the names
+ of the current branch and its remote-tracking branch are now
+ configurable.
+
+ * "git clone" learned the "--no-tags" option not to fetch all tags
+ initially, and also set up the tagopt not to follow any tags in
+ subsequent fetches.
+
+ * "git archive --format=zip" learned to use zip64 extension when
+ necessary to go beyond the 4GB limit.
+
+ * "git reset" learned "--recurse-submodules" option.
+
+ * "git diff --submodule=diff" now recurses into nested submodules.
+
+ * "git repack" learned to accept the --threads=<n> option and pass it
+ to pack-objects.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned to run sendemail-validate hook to inspect
+ and reject a message before sending it out.
+
+ * There is no good reason why "git fetch $there $sha1" should fail
+ when the $sha1 names an object at the tip of an advertised ref,
+ even when the other side hasn't enabled allowTipSHA1InWant.
+
+ * The "[includeIf "gitdir:$dir"] path=..." mechanism introduced in
+ 2.13.0 would canonicalize the path of the gitdir being matched,
+ and did not match e.g. "gitdir:~/work/*" against a repo in
+ "~/work/main" if "~/work" was a symlink to "/mnt/storage/work".
+ Now we match both the resolved canonical path and what "pwd" would
+ show. The include will happen if either one matches.
+
+ * The "indent" heuristics is now the default in "diff". The
+ diff.indentHeuristic configuration variable can be set to "false"
+ for those who do not want it.
+
+ * Many commands learned to pay attention to submodule.recurse
+ configuration.
+
+ * The convention for a command line is to follow "git cmdname
+ --options" with revisions followed by an optional "--"
+ disambiguator and then finally pathspecs. When "--" is not there,
+ we make sure early ones are all interpretable as revs (and do not
+ look like paths) and later ones are the other way around. A
+ pathspec with "magic" (e.g. ":/p/a/t/h" that matches p/a/t/h from
+ the top-level of the working tree, no matter what subdirectory you
+ are working from) are conservatively judged as "not a path", which
+ required disambiguation more often. The command line parser
+ learned to say "it's a pathspec" a bit more often when the syntax
+ looks like so.
+
+ * Update "perl-compatible regular expression" support to enable JIT
+ and also allow linking with the newer PCRE v2 library.
+
+ * "filter-branch" learned a pseudo filter "--setup" that can be used
+ to define common functions/variables that can be used by other
+ filters.
+
+ * Using "git add d/i/r" when d/i/r is the top of the working tree of
+ a separate repository would create a gitlink in the index, which
+ would appear as a not-quite-initialized submodule to others. We
+ learned to give warnings when this happens.
+
+ * "git status" learned to optionally give how many stash entries there
+ are in its output.
+
+ * "git status" has long shown essentially the same message as "git
+ commit"; the message it gives while preparing for the root commit,
+ i.e. "Initial commit", was hard to understand for some new users.
+ Now it says "No commits yet" to stress more on the current status
+ (rather than the commit the user is preparing for, which is more in
+ line with the focus of "git commit").
+
+ * "git send-email" now has --batch-size and --relogin-delay options
+ which can be used to overcome limitations on SMTP servers that
+ restrict on how many of e-mails can be sent in a single session.
+
+ * An old message shown in the commit log template was removed, as it
+ has outlived its usefulness.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase --recurse-submodules" learns to rebase the
+ branch in the submodules to an updated base.
+
+ * "git log" learned -P as a synonym for --perl-regexp, "git grep"
+ already had such a synonym.
+
+ * "git log" didn't understand --regexp-ignore-case when combined with
+ --perl-regexp. This has been fixed.
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * The default packed-git limit value has been raised on larger
+ platforms to save "git fetch" from a (recoverable) failure while
+ "gc" is running in parallel.
+
+ * Code to update the cache-tree has been tightened so that we won't
+ accidentally write out any 0{40} entry in the tree object.
+
+ * Attempt to allow us notice "fishy" situation where we fail to
+ remove the temporary directory used during the test.
+
+ * Travis CI gained a task to format the documentation with both
+ AsciiDoc and AsciiDoctor.
+
+ * Some platforms have ulong that is smaller than time_t, and our
+ historical use of ulong for timestamp would mean they cannot
+ represent some timestamp that the platform allows. Invent a
+ separate and dedicated timestamp_t (so that we can distingiuish
+ timestamps and a vanilla ulongs, which along is already a good
+ move), and then declare uintmax_t is the type to be used as the
+ timestamp_t.
+
+ * We can trigger Windows auto-build tester (credits: Dscho &
+ Microsoft) from our existing Travis CI tester now.
+
+ * Conversion from uchar[20] to struct object_id continues.
+
+ * Simplify parse_pathspec() codepath and stop it from looking at the
+ default in-core index.
+
+ * Add perf-test for wildmatch.
+
+ * Code from "conversion using external process" codepath has been
+ extracted to a separate sub-process.[ch] module.
+
+ * When "git checkout", "git merge", etc. manipulates the in-core
+ index, various pieces of information in the index extensions are
+ discarded from the original state, as it is usually not the case
+ that they are kept up-to-date and in-sync with the operation on the
+ main index. The untracked cache extension is copied across these
+ operations now, which would speed up "git status" (as long as the
+ cache is properly invalidated).
+
+ * The internal implementation of "git grep" has seen some clean-up.
+
+ * Update the C style recommendation for notes for translators, as
+ recent versions of gettext tools can work with our style of
+ multi-line comments.
+
+ * The implementation of "ref" API around the "packed refs" have been
+ cleaned up, in preparation for further changes.
+
+ * The internal logic used in "git blame" has been libified to make it
+ easier to use by cgit.
+
+ * Our code often opens a path to an optional file, to work on its
+ contents when we can successfully open it. We can ignore a failure
+ to open if such an optional file does not exist, but we do want to
+ report a failure in opening for other reasons (e.g. we got an I/O
+ error, or the file is there, but we lack the permission to open).
+
+ The exact errors we need to ignore are ENOENT (obviously) and
+ ENOTDIR (less obvious). Instead of repeating comparison of errno
+ with these two constants, introduce a helper function to do so.
+
+ * We often try to open a file for reading whose existence is
+ optional, and silently ignore errors from open/fopen; report such
+ errors if they are not due to missing files.
+
+ * When an existing repository is used for t/perf testing, we first
+ create bit-for-bit copy of it, which may grab a transient state of
+ the repository and freeze it into the repository used for testing,
+ which then may cause Git operations to fail. Single out "the index
+ being locked" case and forcibly drop the lock from the copy.
+
+ * Three instances of the same helper function have been consolidated
+ to one.
+
+ * "fast-import" uses a default pack chain depth that is consistent
+ with other parts of the system.
+
+ * A new test to show the interaction between the pattern [^a-z]
+ (which matches '/') and a slash in a path has been added. The
+ pattern should not match the slash with "pathmatch", but should
+ with "wildmatch".
+
+ * The 'diff-highlight' program (in contrib/) has been restructured
+ for easier reuse by an external project 'diff-so-fancy'.
+
+ * A common pattern to free a piece of memory and assign NULL to the
+ pointer that used to point at it has been replaced with a new
+ FREE_AND_NULL() macro.
+
+ * Traditionally, the default die() routine had a code to prevent it
+ from getting called multiple times, which interacted badly when a
+ threaded program used it (one downside is that the real error may
+ be hidden and instead the only error message given to the user may
+ end up being "die recursion detected", which is not very useful).
+
+ * Introduce a "repository" object to eventually make it easier to
+ work in multiple repositories (the primary focus is to work with
+ the superproject and its submodules) in a single process.
+
+ * Optimize "what are the object names already taken in an alternate
+ object database?" query that is used to derive the length of prefix
+ an object name is uniquely abbreviated to.
+
+ * The hashmap API has been updated so that data to customize the
+ behaviour of the comparison function can be specified at the time a
+ hashmap is initialized.
+
+ * The "collision detecting" SHA-1 implementation shipped with 2.13 is
+ now integrated into git.git as a submodule (the first submodule to
+ ship with git.git). Clone git.git with --recurse-submodules to get
+ it. For now a non-submodule copy of the same code is also shipped
+ as part of the tree.
+
+ * A recent update made it easier to use "-fsanitize=" option while
+ compiling but supported only one sanitize option. Allow more than
+ one to be combined, joined with a comma, like "make SANITIZE=foo,bar".
+
+ * Use "p4 -G" to make "p4 changes" output more Python-friendly
+ to parse.
+
+ * We started using "%" PRItime, imitating "%" PRIuMAX and friends, as
+ a way to format the internal timestamp value, but this does not
+ play well with gettext(1) i18n framework, and causes "make pot"
+ that is run by the l10n coordinator to create a broken po/git.pot
+ file. This is a possible workaround for that problem.
+
+ * It turns out that Cygwin also needs the fopen() wrapper that
+ returns failure when a directory is opened for reading.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.13
+-----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.13 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git gc" did not interact well with "git worktree"-managed
+ per-worktree refs.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" and other uses of the sequencer machinery
+ mishandled a trailer block whose last line is an incomplete line.
+ This has been fixed so that an additional sign-off etc. are added
+ after completing the existing incomplete line.
+
+ * The codepath in "git am" that is used when running "git rebase"
+ leaked memory held for the log message of the commits being rebased.
+
+ * "git clone --config var=val" is a way to populate the
+ per-repository configuration file of the new repository, but it did
+ not work well when val is an empty string. This has been fixed.
+
+ * Setting "log.decorate=false" in the configuration file did not take
+ effect in v2.13, which has been corrected.
+
+ * A few codepaths in "checkout" and "am" working on an unborn branch
+ tried to access an uninitialized piece of memory.
+
+ * The Web interface to gmane news archive is long gone, even though
+ the articles are still accessible via NTTP. Replace the links with
+ ones to public-inbox.org. Because their message identification is
+ based on the actual message-id, it is likely that it will be easier
+ to migrate away from it if/when necessary.
+
+ * The receive-pack program now makes sure that the push certificate
+ records the same set of push options used for pushing.
+
+ * Tests have been updated to pass under GETTEXT_POISON (a mechanism
+ to ensure that output strings that should not be translated are
+ not translated by mistake), and TravisCI is told to run them.
+
+ * "git checkout --recurse-submodules" did not quite work with a
+ submodule that itself has submodules.
+
+ * "pack-objects" can stream a slice of an existing packfile out when
+ the pack bitmap can tell that the reachable objects are all needed
+ in the output, without inspecting individual objects. This
+ strategy however would not work well when "--local" and other
+ options are in use, and need to be disabled.
+
+ * Fix memory leaks pointed out by Coverity (and people).
+
+ * "git read-tree -m" (no tree-ish) gave a nonsense suggestion "use
+ --empty if you want to clear the index". With "-m", such a request
+ will still fail anyway, as you'd need to name at least one tree-ish
+ to be merged.
+
+ * Make sure our tests would pass when the sources are checked out
+ with "platform native" line ending convention by default on
+ Windows. Some "text" files out tests use and the test scripts
+ themselves that are meant to be run with /bin/sh, ought to be
+ checked out with eol=LF even on Windows.
+
+ * Introduce the BUG() macro to improve die("BUG: ...").
+
+ * Clarify documentation for include.path and includeIf.<condition>.path
+ configuration variables.
+
+ * Git sometimes gives an advice in a rhetorical question that does
+ not require an answer, which can confuse new users and non native
+ speakers. Attempt to rephrase them.
+
+ * A few http:// links that are redirected to https:// in the
+ documentation have been updated to https:// links.
+
+ * "git for-each-ref --format=..." with %(HEAD) in the format used to
+ resolve the HEAD symref as many times as it had processed refs,
+ which was wasteful, and "git branch" shared the same problem.
+
+ * Regression fix to topic recently merged to 'master'.
+
+ * The shell completion script (in contrib/) learned "git stash" has
+ a new "push" subcommand.
+
+ * "git interpret-trailers", when used as GIT_EDITOR for "git commit
+ -v", looked for and appended to a trailer block at the very end,
+ i.e. at the end of the "diff" output. The command has been
+ corrected to pay attention to the cut-mark line "commit -v" adds to
+ the buffer---the real trailer block should appear just before it.
+
+ * A test allowed both "git push" and "git receive-pack" on the other
+ end write their traces into the same file. This is OK on platforms
+ that allows atomically appending to a file opened with O_APPEND,
+ but on other platforms led to a mangled output, causing
+ intermittent test failures. This has been fixed by disabling
+ traces from "receive-pack" in the test.
+
+ * Tag objects, which are not reachable from any ref, that point at
+ missing objects were mishandled by "git gc" and friends (they
+ should silently be ignored instead)
+
+ * "git describe --contains" penalized light-weight tags so much that
+ they were almost never considered. Instead, give them about the
+ same chance to be considered as an annotated tag that is the same
+ age as the underlying commit would.
+
+ * The "run-command" API implementation has been made more robust
+ against dead-locking in a threaded environment.
+
+ * A recent update to t5545-push-options.sh started skipping all the
+ tests in the script when a web server testing is disabled or
+ unavailable, not just the ones that require a web server. Non HTTP
+ tests have been salvaged to always run in this script.
+
+ * "git send-email" now uses Net::SMTP::SSL, which is obsolete, only
+ when needed. Recent versions of Net::SMTP can do TLS natively.
+
+ * "foo\bar\baz" in "git fetch foo\bar\baz", even though there is no
+ slashes in it, cannot be a nickname for a remote on Windows, as
+ that is likely to be a pathname on a local filesystem.
+
+ * "git clean -d" used to clean directories that has ignored files,
+ even though the command should not lose ignored ones without "-x".
+ "git status --ignored" did not list ignored and untracked files
+ without "-uall". These have been corrected.
+
+ * The result from "git diff" that compares two blobs, e.g. "git diff
+ $commit1:$path $commit2:$path", used to be shown with the full
+ object name as given on the command line, but it is more natural to
+ use the $path in the output and use it to look up .gitattributes.
+
+ * The "collision detecting" SHA-1 implementation shipped with 2.13
+ was quite broken on some big-endian platforms and/or platforms that
+ do not like unaligned fetches. Update to the upstream code which
+ has already fixed these issues.
+
+ * "git am -h" triggered a BUG().
+
+ * The interaction of "url.*.insteadOf" and custom URL scheme's
+ whitelisting is now documented better.
+
+ * The timestamp of the index file is now taken after the file is
+ closed, to help Windows, on which a stale timestamp is reported by
+ fstat() on a file that is opened for writing and data was written
+ but not yet closed.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase --autostash" didn't auto-stash when the local history
+ fast-forwards to the upstream.
+
+ * A flaky test has been corrected.
+
+ * "git $cmd -h" for builtin commands calls the implementation of the
+ command (i.e. cmd_$cmd() function) without doing any repository
+ set-up, and the commands that expect RUN_SETUP is done by the Git
+ potty needs to be prepared to show the help text without barfing.
+ (merge d691551192 jk/consistent-h later to maint).
+
+ * Help contributors that visit us at GitHub.
+
+ * "git stash push <pathspec>" did not work from a subdirectory at all.
+ Bugfix for a topic in v2.13
+
+ * As there is no portable way to pass timezone information to
+ strftime, some output format from "git log" and friends are
+ impossible to produce. Teach our own strbuf_addftime to replace %z
+ and %Z with caller-supplied values to help working around this.
+ (merge 6eced3ec5e rs/strbuf-addftime-zZ later to maint).
+
+ * "git mergetool" learned to work around a wrapper MacOS X adds
+ around underlying meld.
+
+ * An example in documentation that does not work in multi worktree
+ configuration has been corrected.
+
+ * The pretty-format specifiers like '%h', '%t', etc. had an
+ optimization that no longer works correctly. In preparation/hope
+ of getting it correctly implemented, first discard the optimization
+ that is broken.
+
+ * The code to pick up and execute command alias definition from the
+ configuration used to switch to the top of the working tree and
+ then come back when the expanded alias was executed, which was
+ unnecessarilyl complex. Attempt to simplify the logic by using the
+ early-config mechanism that does not chdir around.
+
+ * Fix configuration codepath to pay proper attention to commondir
+ that is used in multi-worktree situation, and isolate config API
+ into its own header file.
+ (merge dc8441fdb4 bw/config-h later to maint).
+
+ * "git add -p" were updated in 2.12 timeframe to cope with custom
+ core.commentchar but the implementation was buggy and a
+ metacharacter like $ and * did not work.
+
+ * A recent regression in "git rebase -i" has been fixed and tests
+ that would have caught it and others have been added.
+
+ * An unaligned 32-bit access in pack-bitmap code has been corrected.
+
+ * Tighten error checks for invalid "git apply" input.
+
+ * The split index code did not honor core.sharedRepository setting
+ correctly.
+
+ * The Makefile rule in contrib/subtree for building documentation
+ learned to honour USE_ASCIIDOCTOR just like the main documentation
+ set does.
+
+ * Code clean-up to fix possible buffer over-reading.
+
+ * A few tests that tried to verify the contents of push certificates
+ did not use 'git rev-parse' to formulate the line to look for in
+ the certificate correctly.
+
+ * Update the character width tables.
+
+ * After "git branch --move" of the currently checked out branch, the
+ code to walk the reflog of HEAD via "log -g" and friends
+ incorrectly stopped at the reflog entry that records the renaming
+ of the branch.
+
+ * The rewrite of "git branch --list" using for-each-ref's internals
+ that happened in v2.13 regressed its handling of color.branch.local;
+ this has been fixed.
+
+ * The build procedure has been improved to allow building and testing
+ Git with address sanitizer more easily.
+ (merge 425ca6710b jk/build-with-asan later to maint).
+
+ * On Cygwin, similar to Windows, "git push //server/share/repository"
+ ought to mean a repository on a network share that can be accessed
+ locally, but this did not work correctly due to stripping the double
+ slashes at the beginning.
+
+ * The progress meter did not give a useful output when we haven't had
+ 0.5 seconds to measure the throughput during the interval. Instead
+ show the overall throughput rate at the end, which is a much more
+ useful number.
+
+ * Code clean-up, that makes us in sync with Debian by one patch.
+
+ * We run an early part of "git gc" that deals with refs before
+ daemonising (and not under lock) even when running a background
+ auto-gc, which caused multiple gc processes attempting to run the
+ early part at the same time. This is now prevented by running the
+ early part also under the GC lock.
+
+ * A recent update broke an alias that contained an uppercase letter.
+
+ * Other minor doc, test and build updates and code cleanups.
+ (merge 5053313562 rs/urlmatch-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge 42c78a216e rs/use-div-round-up later to maint).
+ (merge 5e8d2729ae rs/wt-status-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge bc9b7e207f as/diff-options-grammofix later to maint).
+ (merge ac05222b31 ah/patch-id-doc later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.14.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.14.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9403340
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.14.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+Git v2.14.1 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+This release forward-ports the fix for "ssh://..." URL from Git v2.7.6
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.15.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.15.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6b43ad9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.15.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,133 @@
+Git 2.15 Release Notes
+======================
+
+Backward compatibility notes and other notable changes.
+
+ * Use of an empty string as a pathspec element that is used for
+ 'everything matches' is still warned and Git asks users to use a
+ more explicit '.' for that instead. The hope is that existing
+ users will not mind this change, and eventually the warning can be
+ turned into a hard error, upgrading the deprecation into removal of
+ this (mis)feature. That is now scheduled to happen in the upcoming
+ release.
+
+ * Git now avoids blindly falling back to ".git" when the setup
+ sequence said we are _not_ in Git repository. A corner case that
+ happens to work right now may be broken by a call to die("BUG").
+ We've tried hard to locate such cases and fixed them, but there
+ might still be cases that need to be addressed--bug reports are
+ greatly appreciated.
+
+
+Updates since v2.14
+-------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * An example that is now obsolete has been removed from a sample hook,
+ and an old example in it that added a sign-off manually has been
+ improved to use the interpret-trailers command.
+
+ * The advice message given when "git rebase" stops for conflicting
+ changes has been improved.
+
+ * The "rerere-train" script (in contrib/) learned the "--overwrite"
+ option to allow overwriting existing recorded resolutions.
+ (merge ad53bf79aa rg/rerere-train-overwrite later to maint).
+
+ * "git contacts" (in contrib/) now lists the address on the
+ "Reported-by:" trailer to its output, in addition to those on
+ S-o-b: and other trailers, to make it easier to notify (and thank)
+ the original bug reporter.
+ (merge 09ac673788 eb/contacts-reported-by later to maint).
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * Conversion from uchar[20] to struct object_id continues.
+
+ * Start using selected c99 constructs in small, stable and
+ essentialpart of the system to catch people who care about
+ older compilers that do not grok them.
+
+ * The filter-process interface learned to allow a process with long
+ latency give a "delayed" response.
+
+ * Many uses of comparision callback function the hashmap API uses
+ cast the callback function type when registering it to
+ hashmap_init(), which defeats the compile time type checking when
+ the callback interface changes (e.g. gaining more parameters).
+ The callback implementations have been updated to take "void *"
+ pointers and cast them to the type they expect instead.
+
+ * Because recent Git for Windows do come with a real msgfmt, the
+ build procedure for git-gui has been updated to use it instead of a
+ hand-rolled substitute.
+ (merge 90dbf226ba js/git-gui-msgfmt-on-windows later to maint).
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.14
+-----------------
+
+ * "%C(color name)" in the pretty print format always produced ANSI
+ color escape codes, which was an early design mistake. They now
+ honor the configuration (e.g. "color.ui = never") and also tty-ness
+ of the output medium.
+ (merge 11b087adfd jk/ref-filter-colors later to maint).
+
+ * The http.{sslkey,sslCert} configuration variables are to be
+ interpreted as a pathname that honors "~[username]/" prefix, but
+ weren't, which has been fixed.
+ (merge 8d1549643e jc/http-sslkey-and-ssl-cert-are-paths later to maint).
+
+ * Numerous bugs in walking of reflogs via "log -g" and friends have
+ been fixed.
+ (merge de239446b6 jk/reflog-walk later to maint).
+
+ * "git commit" when seeing an totally empty message said "you did not
+ edit the message", which is clearly wrong. The message has been
+ corrected.
+ (merge bc17f35f8c ks/commit-abort-on-empty-message-fix later to maint).
+
+ * When a directory is not readable, "gitweb" fails to build the
+ project list. Work this around by skipping such a directory.
+ (merge 46a13857fc hb/gitweb-project-list later to maint).
+
+ * Some versions of GnuPG fails to kill gpg-agent it auto-spawned
+ and such a left-over agent can interfere with a test. Work it
+ around by attempting to kill one before starting a new test.
+ (merge 29ff1f8f74 st/lib-gpg-kill-stray-agent later to maint).
+
+ * A recently added test for the "credential-cache" helper revealed
+ that EOF detection done around the time the connection to the cache
+ daemon is torn down were flaky. This was fixed by reacting to
+ ECONNRESET and behaving as if we got an EOF.
+ (merge 1f180e5eb9 dl/credential-cache-socket-in-xdg-cache later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --tag=no-such-tag" showed log starting from HEAD, which
+ has been fixed---it now shows nothing.
+ (merge 5d34d1ac06 jk/rev-list-empty-input later to maint).
+
+ * The "tag.pager" configuration variable was useless for those who
+ actually create tag objects, as it interfered with the use of an
+ editor. A new mechanism has been introduced for commands to enable
+ pager depending on what operation is being carried out to fix this,
+ and then "git tag -l" is made to run pager by default.
+ (merge 595d59e2b5 ma/pager-per-subcommand-action later to maint).
+
+ * Other minor doc, test and build updates and code cleanups.
+ (merge 5b114f3bb0 rs/bswap-ubsan-fix later to maint).
+ (merge 168e63554c rs/move-array later to maint).
+ (merge 268ba20110 rs/stat-data-unaligned-reads-fix later to maint).
+ (merge 78e7b98f45 jt/fsck-code-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge c7b0780545 rs/pack-objects-pbase-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge c1e860f1dc js/run-process-parallel-api-fix later to maint).
+ (merge 7a40a95eb4 cc/ref-is-hidden-microcleanup later to maint).
+ (merge c0bb6d9cef ah/doc-wserrorhighlight later to maint).
+ (merge edd64ef4f7 dc/fmt-merge-msg-microcleanup later to maint).
+ (merge fa64a2fdbe jt/subprocess-handshake later to maint).
+ (merge 0ba9c9a0fb jb/t8008-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge a7c28a2161 jt/t1450-fsck-corrupt-packfile later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.12.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.12.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7d15f94
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.12.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+Git v2.4.12 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.11
+-------------------
+
+ * "git-shell" rejects a request to serve a repository whose name
+ begins with a dash, which makes it no longer possible to get it
+ confused into spawning service programs like "git-upload-pack" with
+ an option like "--help", which in turn would spawn an interactive
+ pager, instead of working with the repository user asked to access
+ (i.e. the one whose name is "--help").
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9cd025b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+Git v2.5.6 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.5.5
+------------------
+
+ * "git-shell" rejects a request to serve a repository whose name
+ begins with a dash, which makes it no longer possible to get it
+ confused into spawning service programs like "git-upload-pack" with
+ an option like "--help", which in turn would spawn an interactive
+ pager, instead of working with the repository user asked to access
+ (i.e. the one whose name is "--help").
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.7.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.7.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1335de4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.7.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+Git v2.6.7 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.6.6
+------------------
+
+ * "git-shell" rejects a request to serve a repository whose name
+ begins with a dash, which makes it no longer possible to get it
+ confused into spawning service programs like "git-upload-pack" with
+ an option like "--help", which in turn would spawn an interactive
+ pager, instead of working with the repository user asked to access
+ (i.e. the one whose name is "--help").
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.7.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.7.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..83559ce
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.7.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+Git v2.7.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.7.4
+------------------
+
+ * "git-shell" rejects a request to serve a repository whose name
+ begins with a dash, which makes it no longer possible to get it
+ confused into spawning service programs like "git-upload-pack" with
+ an option like "--help", which in turn would spawn an interactive
+ pager, instead of working with the repository user asked to access
+ (i.e. the one whose name is "--help").
+
+Also contains a few fixes backported from later development tracks.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.7.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.7.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4c6d1dc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.7.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+Git v2.7.6 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.7.5
+------------------
+
+ * A "ssh://..." URL can result in a "ssh" command line with a
+ hostname that begins with a dash "-", which would cause the "ssh"
+ command to instead (mis)treat it as an option. This is now
+ prevented by forbidding such a hostname (which will not be
+ necessary in the real world).
+
+ * Similarly, when GIT_PROXY_COMMAND is configured, the command is
+ run with host and port that are parsed out from "ssh://..." URL;
+ a poorly written GIT_PROXY_COMMAND could be tricked into treating
+ a string that begins with a dash "-". This is now prevented by
+ forbidding such a hostname and port number (again, which will not
+ be necessary in the real world).
+
+ * In the same spirit, a repository name that begins with a dash "-"
+ is also forbidden now.
+
+Credits go to Brian Neel at GitLab, Joern Schneeweisz of Recurity
+Labs and Jeff King at GitHub.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.8.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.8.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7bd179f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.8.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+Git v2.8.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.8.4
+------------------
+
+ * "git-shell" rejects a request to serve a repository whose name
+ begins with a dash, which makes it no longer possible to get it
+ confused into spawning service programs like "git-upload-pack" with
+ an option like "--help", which in turn would spawn an interactive
+ pager, instead of working with the repository user asked to access
+ (i.e. the one whose name is "--help").
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.8.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.8.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d8db55d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.8.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+Git v2.8.6 Release Notes
+========================
+
+This release forward-ports the fix for "ssh://..." URL from Git v2.7.6
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.4.txt
index 01e8642..9768293 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.4.txt
@@ -80,4 +80,11 @@ Fixes since v2.9.3
the file descriptor still open. Open tempfile with O_CLOEXEC flag
to avoid this (on Windows, this is mapped to O_NOINHERIT).
+ * "git-shell" rejects a request to serve a repository whose name
+ begins with a dash, which makes it no longer possible to get it
+ confused into spawning service programs like "git-upload-pack" with
+ an option like "--help", which in turn would spawn an interactive
+ pager, instead of working with the repository user asked to access
+ (i.e. the one whose name is "--help").
+
Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..668313a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+Git v2.9.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+This release forward-ports the fix for "ssh://..." URL from Git v2.7.6
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index 3faf7eb..558d465 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ If your description starts to get too long, that's a sign that you
probably need to split up your commit to finer grained pieces.
That being said, patches which plainly describe the things that
help reviewers check the patch, and future maintainers understand
-the code, are the most beautiful patches. Descriptions that summarise
+the code, are the most beautiful patches. Descriptions that summarize
the point in the subject well, and describe the motivation for the
change, the approach taken by the change, and if relevant how this
differs substantially from the prior version, are all good things
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ patches separate from other documentation changes.
Oh, another thing. We are picky about whitespaces. Make sure your
changes do not trigger errors with the sample pre-commit hook shipped
in templates/hooks--pre-commit. To help ensure this does not happen,
-run git diff --check on your changes before you commit.
+run "git diff --check" on your changes before you commit.
(2) Describe your changes well.
@@ -98,18 +98,23 @@ should skip the full stop. It is also conventional in most cases to
prefix the first line with "area: " where the area is a filename or
identifier for the general area of the code being modified, e.g.
- . archive: ustar header checksum is computed unsigned
- . git-cherry-pick.txt: clarify the use of revision range notation
+ . doc: clarify distinction between sign-off and pgp-signing
+ . githooks.txt: improve the intro section
If in doubt which identifier to use, run "git log --no-merges" on the
files you are modifying to see the current conventions.
+It's customary to start the remainder of the first line after "area: "
+with a lower-case letter. E.g. "doc: clarify...", not "doc:
+Clarify...", or "githooks.txt: improve...", not "githooks.txt:
+Improve...".
+
The body should provide a meaningful commit message, which:
- . explains the problem the change tries to solve, iow, what is wrong
+ . explains the problem the change tries to solve, i.e. what is wrong
with the current code without the change.
- . justifies the way the change solves the problem, iow, why the
+ . justifies the way the change solves the problem, i.e. why the
result with the change is better.
. alternate solutions considered but discarded, if any.
@@ -117,7 +122,7 @@ The body should provide a meaningful commit message, which:
Describe your changes in imperative mood, e.g. "make xyzzy do frotz"
instead of "[This patch] makes xyzzy do frotz" or "[I] changed xyzzy
to do frotz", as if you are giving orders to the codebase to change
-its behaviour. Try to make sure your explanation can be understood
+its behavior. Try to make sure your explanation can be understood
without external resources. Instead of giving a URL to a mailing list
archive, summarize the relevant points of the discussion.
@@ -129,8 +134,9 @@ with the subject enclosed in a pair of double-quotes, like this:
noticed that ...
The "Copy commit summary" command of gitk can be used to obtain this
-format.
+format, or this invocation of "git show":
+ git show -s --date=short --pretty='format:%h ("%s", %ad)' <commit>
(3) Generate your patch using Git tools out of your commits.
@@ -255,7 +261,7 @@ smaller project it is a good discipline to follow it.
The sign-off is a simple line at the end of the explanation for
the patch, which certifies that you wrote it or otherwise have
the right to pass it on as a open-source patch. The rules are
-pretty simple: if you can certify the below:
+pretty simple: if you can certify the below D-C-O:
Developer's Certificate of Origin 1.1
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index 015346c..d5c9c4c 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -79,18 +79,84 @@ escape sequences) are invalid.
Includes
~~~~~~~~
-You can include one config file from another by setting the special
-`include.path` variable to the name of the file to be included. The
-variable takes a pathname as its value, and is subject to tilde
-expansion.
+The `include` and `includeIf` sections allow you to include config
+directives from another source. These sections behave identically to
+each other with the exception that `includeIf` sections may be ignored
+if their condition does not evaluate to true; see "Conditional includes"
+below.
-The
-included file is expanded immediately, as if its contents had been
-found at the location of the include directive. If the value of the
-`include.path` variable is a relative path, the path is considered to be
-relative to the configuration file in which the include directive was
-found. See below for examples.
+You can include a config file from another by setting the special
+`include.path` (or `includeIf.*.path`) variable to the name of the file
+to be included. The variable takes a pathname as its value, and is
+subject to tilde expansion. These variables can be given multiple times.
+The contents of the included file are inserted immediately, as if they
+had been found at the location of the include directive. If the value of the
+variable is a relative path, the path is considered to
+be relative to the configuration file in which the include directive
+was found. See below for examples.
+
+Conditional includes
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+You can include a config file from another conditionally by setting a
+`includeIf.<condition>.path` variable to the name of the file to be
+included.
+
+The condition starts with a keyword followed by a colon and some data
+whose format and meaning depends on the keyword. Supported keywords
+are:
+
+`gitdir`::
+
+ The data that follows the keyword `gitdir:` is used as a glob
+ pattern. If the location of the .git directory matches the
+ pattern, the include condition is met.
++
+The .git location may be auto-discovered, or come from `$GIT_DIR`
+environment variable. If the repository is auto discovered via a .git
+file (e.g. from submodules, or a linked worktree), the .git location
+would be the final location where the .git directory is, not where the
+.git file is.
++
+The pattern can contain standard globbing wildcards and two additional
+ones, `**/` and `/**`, that can match multiple path components. Please
+refer to linkgit:gitignore[5] for details. For convenience:
+
+ * If the pattern starts with `~/`, `~` will be substituted with the
+ content of the environment variable `HOME`.
+
+ * If the pattern starts with `./`, it is replaced with the directory
+ containing the current config file.
+
+ * If the pattern does not start with either `~/`, `./` or `/`, `**/`
+ will be automatically prepended. For example, the pattern `foo/bar`
+ becomes `**/foo/bar` and would match `/any/path/to/foo/bar`.
+
+ * If the pattern ends with `/`, `**` will be automatically added. For
+ example, the pattern `foo/` becomes `foo/**`. In other words, it
+ matches "foo" and everything inside, recursively.
+
+`gitdir/i`::
+ This is the same as `gitdir` except that matching is done
+ case-insensitively (e.g. on case-insensitive file sytems)
+
+A few more notes on matching via `gitdir` and `gitdir/i`:
+
+ * Symlinks in `$GIT_DIR` are not resolved before matching.
+
+ * Both the symlink & realpath versions of paths will be matched
+ outside of `$GIT_DIR`. E.g. if ~/git is a symlink to
+ /mnt/storage/git, both `gitdir:~/git` and `gitdir:/mnt/storage/git`
+ will match.
++
+This was not the case in the initial release of this feature in
+v2.13.0, which only matched the realpath version. Configuration that
+wants to be compatible with the initial release of this feature needs
+to either specify only the realpath version, or both versions.
+
+ * Note that "../" is not special and will match literally, which is
+ unlikely what you want.
Example
~~~~~~~
@@ -116,9 +182,26 @@ Example
[include]
path = /path/to/foo.inc ; include by absolute path
- path = foo ; expand "foo" relative to the current file
- path = ~/foo ; expand "foo" in your `$HOME` directory
+ path = foo.inc ; find "foo.inc" relative to the current file
+ path = ~/foo.inc ; find "foo.inc" in your `$HOME` directory
+
+ ; include if $GIT_DIR is /path/to/foo/.git
+ [includeIf "gitdir:/path/to/foo/.git"]
+ path = /path/to/foo.inc
+
+ ; include for all repositories inside /path/to/group
+ [includeIf "gitdir:/path/to/group/"]
+ path = /path/to/foo.inc
+ ; include for all repositories inside $HOME/to/group
+ [includeIf "gitdir:~/to/group/"]
+ path = /path/to/foo.inc
+
+ ; relative paths are always relative to the including
+ ; file (if the condition is true); their location is not
+ ; affected by the condition
+ [includeIf "gitdir:/path/to/group/"]
+ path = foo.inc
Values
~~~~~~
@@ -265,6 +348,9 @@ advice.*::
rmHints::
In case of failure in the output of linkgit:git-rm[1],
show directions on how to proceed from the current state.
+ addEmbeddedRepo::
+ Advice on what to do when you've accidentally added one
+ git repo inside of another.
--
core.fileMode::
@@ -272,7 +358,7 @@ core.fileMode::
is to be honored.
+
Some filesystems lose the executable bit when a file that is
-marked as executable is checked out, or checks out an
+marked as executable is checked out, or checks out a
non-executable file with executable bit on.
linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1] probe the filesystem
to see if it handles the executable bit correctly
@@ -334,6 +420,10 @@ core.trustctime::
crawlers and some backup systems).
See linkgit:git-update-index[1]. True by default.
+core.splitIndex::
+ If true, the split-index feature of the index will be used.
+ See linkgit:git-update-index[1]. False by default.
+
core.untrackedCache::
Determines what to do about the untracked cache feature of the
index. It will be kept, if this variable is unset or set to
@@ -350,16 +440,19 @@ core.checkStat::
all fields, including the sub-second part of mtime and ctime.
core.quotePath::
- The commands that output paths (e.g. 'ls-files',
- 'diff'), when not given the `-z` option, will quote
- "unusual" characters in the pathname by enclosing the
- pathname in a double-quote pair and with backslashes the
- same way strings in C source code are quoted. If this
- variable is set to false, the bytes higher than 0x80 are
- not quoted but output as verbatim. Note that double
- quote, backslash and control characters are always
- quoted without `-z` regardless of the setting of this
- variable.
+ Commands that output paths (e.g. 'ls-files', 'diff'), will
+ quote "unusual" characters in the pathname by enclosing the
+ pathname in double-quotes and escaping those characters with
+ backslashes in the same way C escapes control characters (e.g.
+ `\t` for TAB, `\n` for LF, `\\` for backslash) or bytes with
+ values larger than 0x80 (e.g. octal `\302\265` for "micro" in
+ UTF-8). If this variable is set to false, bytes higher than
+ 0x80 are not considered "unusual" any more. Double-quotes,
+ backslash and control characters are always escaped regardless
+ of the setting of this variable. A simple space character is
+ not considered "unusual". Many commands can output pathnames
+ completely verbatim using the `-z` option. The default value
+ is true.
core.eol::
Sets the line ending type to use in the working directory for
@@ -593,7 +686,8 @@ core.packedGitLimit::
bytes at once to complete an operation it will unmap existing
regions to reclaim virtual address space within the process.
+
-Default is 256 MiB on 32 bit platforms and 8 GiB on 64 bit platforms.
+Default is 256 MiB on 32 bit platforms and 32 TiB (effectively
+unlimited) on 64 bit platforms.
This should be reasonable for all users/operating systems, except on
the largest projects. You probably do not need to adjust this value.
+
@@ -668,13 +762,13 @@ alternative to having an `init.templateDir` where you've changed
default hooks.
core.editor::
- Commands such as `commit` and `tag` that lets you edit
- messages by launching an editor uses the value of this
+ Commands such as `commit` and `tag` that let you edit
+ messages by launching an editor use the value of this
variable when it is set, and the environment variable
`GIT_EDITOR` is not set. See linkgit:git-var[1].
core.commentChar::
- Commands such as `commit` and `tag` that lets you edit
+ Commands such as `commit` and `tag` that let you edit
messages consider a line that begins with this character
commented, and removes them after the editor returns
(default '#').
@@ -793,6 +887,7 @@ core.abbrev::
computed based on the approximate number of packed objects
in your repository, which hopefully is enough for
abbreviated object names to stay unique for some time.
+ The minimum length is 4.
add.ignoreErrors::
add.ignore-errors (deprecated)::
@@ -1068,7 +1163,10 @@ color.status.<slot>::
`untracked` (files which are not tracked by Git),
`branch` (the current branch),
`nobranch` (the color the 'no branch' warning is shown in, defaulting
- to red), or
+ to red),
+ `localBranch` or `remoteBranch` (the local and remote branch names,
+ respectively, when branch and tracking information is displayed in the
+ status short-format), or
`unmerged` (files which have unmerged changes).
color.ui::
@@ -1402,6 +1500,12 @@ gc.autoDetach::
Make `git gc --auto` return immediately and run in background
if the system supports it. Default is true.
+gc.logExpiry::
+ If the file gc.log exists, then `git gc --auto` won't run
+ unless that file is more than 'gc.logExpiry' old. Default is
+ "1.day". See `gc.pruneExpire` for more ways to specify its
+ value.
+
gc.packRefs::
Running `git pack-refs` in a repository renders it
unclonable by Git versions prior to 1.5.1.2 over dumb
@@ -1919,7 +2023,10 @@ http.<url>.*::
must match exactly between the config key and the URL.
. Host/domain name (e.g., `example.com` in `https://example.com/`).
- This field must match exactly between the config key and the URL.
+ This field must match between the config key and the URL. It is
+ possible to specify a `*` as part of the host name to match all subdomains
+ at this level. `https://*.example.com/` for example would match
+ `https://foo.example.com/`, but not `https://foo.bar.example.com/`.
. Port number (e.g., `8080` in `http://example.com:8080/`).
This field must match exactly between the config key and the URL.
@@ -1954,6 +2061,17 @@ Environment variable settings always override any matches. The URLs that are
matched against are those given directly to Git commands. This means any URLs
visited as a result of a redirection do not participate in matching.
+ssh.variant::
+ Depending on the value of the environment variables `GIT_SSH` or
+ `GIT_SSH_COMMAND`, or the config setting `core.sshCommand`, Git
+ auto-detects whether to adjust its command-line parameters for use
+ with plink or tortoiseplink, as opposed to the default (OpenSSH).
++
+The config variable `ssh.variant` can be set to override this auto-detection;
+valid values are `ssh`, `plink`, `putty` or `tortoiseplink`. Any other value
+will be treated as normal ssh. This setting can be overridden via the
+environment variable `GIT_SSH_VARIANT`.
+
i18n.commitEncoding::
Character encoding the commit messages are stored in; Git itself
does not care per se, but this information is necessary e.g. when
@@ -2051,6 +2169,10 @@ log.showRoot::
Tools like linkgit:git-log[1] or linkgit:git-whatchanged[1], which
normally hide the root commit will now show it. True by default.
+log.showSignature::
+ If true, makes linkgit:git-log[1], linkgit:git-show[1], and
+ linkgit:git-whatchanged[1] assume `--show-signature`.
+
log.mailmap::
If true, makes linkgit:git-log[1], linkgit:git-show[1], and
linkgit:git-whatchanged[1] assume `--use-mailmap`.
@@ -2432,6 +2554,8 @@ push.default::
pushing to the same repository you would normally pull from
(i.e. central workflow).
+* `tracking` - This is a deprecated synonym for `upstream`.
+
* `simple` - in centralized workflow, work like `upstream` with an
added safety to refuse to push if the upstream branch's name is
different from the local one.
@@ -2500,7 +2624,7 @@ rebase.autoSquash::
If set to true enable `--autosquash` option by default.
rebase.autoStash::
- When set to true, automatically create a temporary stash
+ When set to true, automatically create a temporary stash entry
before the operation begins, and apply it after the operation
ends. This means that you can run rebase on a dirty worktree.
However, use with care: the final stash application after a
@@ -2529,9 +2653,8 @@ receive.advertiseAtomic::
capability, set this variable to false.
receive.advertisePushOptions::
- By default, git-receive-pack will advertise the push options
- capability to its clients. If you don't want to advertise this
- capability, set this variable to false.
+ When set to true, git-receive-pack will advertise the push options
+ capability to its clients. False by default.
receive.autogc::
By default, git-receive-pack will run "git-gc --auto" after
@@ -2823,10 +2946,45 @@ sendemail.xmailer::
sendemail.signedoffcc (deprecated)::
Deprecated alias for `sendemail.signedoffbycc`.
+sendemail.smtpBatchSize::
+ Number of messages to be sent per connection, after that a relogin
+ will happen. If the value is 0 or undefined, send all messages in
+ one connection.
+ See also the `--batch-size` option of linkgit:git-send-email[1].
+
+sendemail.smtpReloginDelay::
+ Seconds wait before reconnecting to smtp server.
+ See also the `--relogin-delay` option of linkgit:git-send-email[1].
+
showbranch.default::
The default set of branches for linkgit:git-show-branch[1].
See linkgit:git-show-branch[1].
+splitIndex.maxPercentChange::
+ When the split index feature is used, this specifies the
+ percent of entries the split index can contain compared to the
+ total number of entries in both the split index and the shared
+ index before a new shared index is written.
+ The value should be between 0 and 100. If the value is 0 then
+ a new shared index is always written, if it is 100 a new
+ shared index is never written.
+ By default the value is 20, so a new shared index is written
+ if the number of entries in the split index would be greater
+ than 20 percent of the total number of entries.
+ See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
+
+splitIndex.sharedIndexExpire::
+ When the split index feature is used, shared index files that
+ were not modified since the time this variable specifies will
+ be removed when a new shared index file is created. The value
+ "now" expires all entries immediately, and "never" suppresses
+ expiration altogether.
+ The default value is "2.weeks.ago".
+ Note that a shared index file is considered modified (for the
+ purpose of expiration) each time a new split-index file is
+ either created based on it or read from it.
+ See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
+
status.relativePaths::
By default, linkgit:git-status[1] shows paths relative to the
current directory. Setting this variable to `false` shows paths
@@ -2848,6 +3006,11 @@ status.displayCommentPrefix::
behavior of linkgit:git-status[1] in Git 1.8.4 and previous.
Defaults to false.
+status.showStash::
+ If set to true, linkgit:git-status[1] will display the number of
+ entries currently stashed away.
+ Defaults to false.
+
status.showUntrackedFiles::
By default, linkgit:git-status[1] and linkgit:git-commit[1] show
files which are not currently tracked by Git. Directories which
@@ -2885,20 +3048,21 @@ status.submoduleSummary::
stash.showPatch::
If this is set to true, the `git stash show` command without an
- option will show the stash in patch form. Defaults to false.
+ option will show the stash entry in patch form. Defaults to false.
See description of 'show' command in linkgit:git-stash[1].
stash.showStat::
If this is set to true, the `git stash show` command without an
- option will show diffstat of the stash. Defaults to true.
+ option will show diffstat of the stash entry. Defaults to true.
See description of 'show' command in linkgit:git-stash[1].
submodule.<name>.url::
The URL for a submodule. This variable is copied from the .gitmodules
file to the git config via 'git submodule init'. The user can change
the configured URL before obtaining the submodule via 'git submodule
- update'. After obtaining the submodule, the presence of this variable
- is used as a sign whether the submodule is of interest to git commands.
+ update'. If neither submodule.<name>.active or submodule.active are
+ set, the presence of this variable is used as a fallback to indicate
+ whether the submodule is of interest to git commands.
See linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for details.
submodule.<name>.update::
@@ -2936,6 +3100,21 @@ submodule.<name>.ignore::
"--ignore-submodules" option. The 'git submodule' commands are not
affected by this setting.
+submodule.<name>.active::
+ Boolean value indicating if the submodule is of interest to git
+ commands. This config option takes precedence over the
+ submodule.active config option.
+
+submodule.active::
+ A repeated field which contains a pathspec used to match against a
+ submodule's path to determine if the submodule is of interest to git
+ commands.
+
+submodule.recurse::
+ Specifies if commands recurse into submodules by default. This
+ applies to all commands that have a `--recurse-submodules` option.
+ Defaults to false.
+
submodule.fetchJobs::
Specifies how many submodules are fetched/cloned at the same time.
A positive integer allows up to that number of submodules fetched
@@ -3081,6 +3260,13 @@ url.<base>.insteadOf::
the best alternative for the particular user, even for a
never-before-seen repository on the site. When more than one
insteadOf strings match a given URL, the longest match is used.
++
+Note that any protocol restrictions will be applied to the rewritten
+URL. If the rewrite changes the URL to use a custom protocol or remote
+helper, you may need to adjust the `protocol.*.allow` config to permit
+the request. In particular, protocols you expect to use for submodules
+must be set to `always` rather than the default of `user`. See the
+description of `protocol.allow` above.
url.<base>.pushInsteadOf::
Any URL that starts with this value will not be pushed to;
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-config.txt b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
index cbce8ec..5ca942a 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
@@ -200,7 +200,10 @@ diff.algorithm::
+
diff.wsErrorHighlight::
- A comma separated list of `old`, `new`, `context`, that
- specifies how whitespace errors on lines are highlighted
- with `color.diff.whitespace`. Can be overridden by the
- command line option `--ws-error-highlight=<kind>`
+ Highlight whitespace errors in the `context`, `old` or `new`
+ lines of the diff. Multiple values are separated by comma,
+ `none` resets previous values, `default` reset the list to
+ `new` and `all` is a shorthand for `old,new,context`. The
+ whitespace errors are colored with `color.diff.whitespace`.
+ The command line option `--ws-error-highlight=<kind>`
+ overrides this setting.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-format.txt b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
index cf52626..706916c 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
@@ -78,9 +78,10 @@ Example:
:100644 100644 5be4a4...... 000000...... M file.c
------------------------------------------------
-When `-z` option is not used, TAB, LF, and backslash characters
-in pathnames are represented as `\t`, `\n`, and `\\`,
-respectively.
+Without the `-z` option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are
+quoted as explained for the configuration variable `core.quotePath`
+(see linkgit:git-config[1]). Using `-z` the filename is output
+verbatim and the line is terminated by a NUL byte.
diff format for merges
----------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
index d2a7ff5..231105c 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
@@ -53,10 +53,9 @@ The index line includes the SHA-1 checksum before and after the change.
The <mode> is included if the file mode does not change; otherwise,
separate lines indicate the old and the new mode.
-3. TAB, LF, double quote and backslash characters in pathnames
- are represented as `\t`, `\n`, `\"` and `\\`, respectively.
- If there is need for such substitution then the whole
- pathname is put in double quotes.
+3. Pathnames with "unusual" characters are quoted as explained for
+ the configuration variable `core.quotePath` (see
+ linkgit:git-config[1]).
4. All the `file1` files in the output refer to files before the
commit, and all the `file2` files refer to files after the commit.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
index d91ddbd..56dedaf 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
@@ -192,10 +192,9 @@ ifndef::git-log[]
given, do not munge pathnames and use NULs as output field terminators.
endif::git-log[]
+
-Without this option, each pathname output will have TAB, LF, double quotes,
-and backslash characters replaced with `\t`, `\n`, `\"`, and `\\`,
-respectively, and the pathname will be enclosed in double quotes if
-any of those replacements occurred.
+Without this option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are quoted as
+explained for the configuration variable `core.quotePath` (see
+linkgit:git-config[1]).
--name-only::
Show only names of changed files.
@@ -301,15 +300,14 @@ ifndef::git-format-patch[]
with --exit-code.
--ws-error-highlight=<kind>::
- Highlight whitespace errors on lines specified by <kind>
- in the color specified by `color.diff.whitespace`. <kind>
- is a comma separated list of `old`, `new`, `context`. When
- this option is not given, only whitespace errors in `new`
- lines are highlighted. E.g. `--ws-error-highlight=new,old`
- highlights whitespace errors on both deleted and added lines.
- `all` can be used as a short-hand for `old,new,context`.
- The `diff.wsErrorHighlight` configuration variable can be
- used to specify the default behaviour.
+ Highlight whitespace errors in the `context`, `old` or `new`
+ lines of the diff. Multiple values are separated by comma,
+ `none` resets previous values, `default` reset the list to
+ `new` and `all` is a shorthand for `old,new,context`. When
+ this option is not given, and the configuration variable
+ `diff.wsErrorHighlight` is not set, only whitespace errors in
+ `new` lines are highlighted. The whitespace errors are colored
+ whith `color.diff.whitespace`.
endif::git-format-patch[]
@@ -393,7 +391,7 @@ endif::git-log[]
the diff between the preimage and `/dev/null`. The resulting patch
is not meant to be applied with `patch` or `git apply`; this is
solely for people who want to just concentrate on reviewing the
- text after the change. In addition, the output obviously lack
+ text after the change. In addition, the output obviously lacks
enough information to apply such a patch in reverse, even manually,
hence the name of the option.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-add.txt b/Documentation/git-add.txt
index 7ed63dc..f4169fb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-add.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-add.txt
@@ -165,6 +165,13 @@ for "git add --no-all <pathspec>...", i.e. ignored removed files.
be ignored, no matter if they are already present in the work
tree or not.
+--no-warn-embedded-repo::
+ By default, `git add` will warn when adding an embedded
+ repository to the index without using `git submodule add` to
+ create an entry in `.gitmodules`. This option will suppress the
+ warning (e.g., if you are manually performing operations on
+ submodules).
+
--chmod=(+|-)x::
Override the executable bit of the added files. The executable
bit is only changed in the index, the files on disk are left
diff --git a/Documentation/git-apply.txt b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
index 8ddb207..631cbd8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-apply.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
@@ -108,10 +108,9 @@ the information is read from the current index instead.
When `--numstat` has been given, do not munge pathnames,
but use a NUL-terminated machine-readable format.
+
-Without this option, each pathname output will have TAB, LF, double quotes,
-and backslash characters replaced with `\t`, `\n`, `\"`, and `\\`,
-respectively, and the pathname will be enclosed in double quotes if
-any of those replacements occurred.
+Without this option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are quoted as
+explained for the configuration variable `core.quotePath` (see
+linkgit:git-config[1]).
-p<n>::
Remove <n> leading slashes from traditional diff paths. The
diff --git a/Documentation/git-archimport.txt b/Documentation/git-archimport.txt
index 163b9f6..ea70653 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-archimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-archimport.txt
@@ -96,7 +96,7 @@ OPTIONS
pruned.
-a::
- Attempt to auto-register archives at http://mirrors.sourcecontrol.net
+ Attempt to auto-register archives at `http://mirrors.sourcecontrol.net`
This is particularly useful with the -D option.
-t <tmpdir>::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
index e015f5b..78479b0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
@@ -1347,12 +1347,12 @@ author to given a talk and for publishing this paper.
References
----------
-- [[[1]]] http://www.nist.gov/public_affairs/releases/n02-10.htm['Software Errors Cost U.S. Economy $59.5 Billion Annually'. Nist News Release.]
-- [[[2]]] http://java.sun.com/docs/codeconv/html/CodeConventions.doc.html#16712['Code Conventions for the Java Programming Language'. Sun Microsystems.]
-- [[[3]]] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_maintenance['Software maintenance'. Wikipedia.]
-- [[[4]]] http://article.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git/45195/[Junio C Hamano. 'Automated bisect success story'. Gmane.]
-- [[[5]]] http://lwn.net/Articles/317154/[Christian Couder. 'Fully automated bisecting with "git bisect run"'. LWN.net.]
-- [[[6]]] http://lwn.net/Articles/277872/[Jonathan Corbet. 'Bisection divides users and developers'. LWN.net.]
-- [[[7]]] http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.scsi/36652/[Ingo Molnar. 'Re: BUG 2.6.23-rc3 can't see sd partitions on Alpha'. Gmane.]
-- [[[8]]] http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-bisect.html[Junio C Hamano and the git-list. 'git-bisect(1) Manual Page'. Linux Kernel Archives.]
-- [[[9]]] http://github.com/Ealdwulf/bbchop[Ealdwulf. 'bbchop'. GitHub.]
+- [[[1]]] https://www.nist.gov/sites/default/files/documents/director/planning/report02-3.pdf['The Economic Impacts of Inadequate Infratructure for Software Testing'. Nist Planning Report 02-3], see Executive Summary and Chapter 8.
+- [[[2]]] http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/codeconvtoc-136057.html['Code Conventions for the Java Programming Language'. Sun Microsystems.]
+- [[[3]]] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_maintenance['Software maintenance'. Wikipedia.]
+- [[[4]]] https://public-inbox.org/git/7vps5xsbwp.fsf_-_@assigned-by-dhcp.cox.net/[Junio C Hamano. 'Automated bisect success story'.]
+- [[[5]]] https://lwn.net/Articles/317154/[Christian Couder. 'Fully automated bisecting with "git bisect run"'. LWN.net.]
+- [[[6]]] https://lwn.net/Articles/277872/[Jonathan Corbet. 'Bisection divides users and developers'. LWN.net.]
+- [[[7]]] http://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=119702753411680&w=2[Ingo Molnar. 'Re: BUG 2.6.23-rc3 can't see sd partitions on Alpha'. Linux-kernel mailing list.]
+- [[[8]]] https://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-bisect.html[Junio C Hamano and the git-list. 'git-bisect(1) Manual Page'. Linux Kernel Archives.]
+- [[[9]]] https://github.com/Ealdwulf/bbchop[Ealdwulf. 'bbchop'. GitHub.]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
index bdd915a..6c42abf 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
@@ -137,7 +137,7 @@ respectively, in place of "good" and "bad". (But note that you cannot
mix "good" and "bad" with "old" and "new" in a single session.)
In this more general usage, you provide `git bisect` with a "new"
-commit has some property and an "old" commit that doesn't have that
+commit that has some property and an "old" commit that doesn't have that
property. Each time `git bisect` checks out a commit, you test if that
commit has the property. If it does, mark the commit as "new";
otherwise, mark it as "old". When the bisection is done, `git bisect`
diff --git a/Documentation/git-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
index 28d46cc..81bd0a7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
@@ -10,9 +10,10 @@ SYNOPSIS
[verse]
'git branch' [--color[=<when>] | --no-color] [-r | -a]
[--list] [-v [--abbrev=<length> | --no-abbrev]]
- [--column[=<options>] | --no-column]
- [(--merged | --no-merged | --contains) [<commit>]] [--sort=<key>]
- [--points-at <object>] [<pattern>...]
+ [--column[=<options>] | --no-column] [--sort=<key>]
+ [(--merged | --no-merged) [<commit>]]
+ [--contains [<commit]] [--no-contains [<commit>]]
+ [--points-at <object>] [--format=<format>] [<pattern>...]
'git branch' [--set-upstream | --track | --no-track] [-l] [-f] <branchname> [<start-point>]
'git branch' (--set-upstream-to=<upstream> | -u <upstream>) [<branchname>]
'git branch' --unset-upstream [<branchname>]
@@ -35,11 +36,12 @@ as branch creation.
With `--contains`, shows only the branches that contain the named commit
(in other words, the branches whose tip commits are descendants of the
-named commit). With `--merged`, only branches merged into the named
-commit (i.e. the branches whose tip commits are reachable from the named
-commit) will be listed. With `--no-merged` only branches not merged into
-the named commit will be listed. If the <commit> argument is missing it
-defaults to `HEAD` (i.e. the tip of the current branch).
+named commit), `--no-contains` inverts it. With `--merged`, only branches
+merged into the named commit (i.e. the branches whose tip commits are
+reachable from the named commit) will be listed. With `--no-merged` only
+branches not merged into the named commit will be listed. If the <commit>
+argument is missing it defaults to `HEAD` (i.e. the tip of the current
+branch).
The command's second form creates a new branch head named <branchname>
which points to the current `HEAD`, or <start-point> if given.
@@ -142,8 +144,13 @@ This option is only applicable in non-verbose mode.
List both remote-tracking branches and local branches.
--list::
- Activate the list mode. `git branch <pattern>` would try to create a branch,
- use `git branch --list <pattern>` to list matching branches.
+ List branches. With optional `<pattern>...`, e.g. `git
+ branch --list 'maint-*'`, list only the branches that match
+ the pattern(s).
++
+This should not be confused with `git branch -l <branchname>`,
+which creates a branch named `<branchname>` with a reflog.
+See `--create-reflog` above for details.
-v::
-vv::
@@ -213,13 +220,19 @@ start-point is either a local or remote-tracking branch.
Only list branches which contain the specified commit (HEAD
if not specified). Implies `--list`.
+--no-contains [<commit>]::
+ Only list branches which don't contain the specified commit
+ (HEAD if not specified). Implies `--list`.
+
--merged [<commit>]::
Only list branches whose tips are reachable from the
- specified commit (HEAD if not specified). Implies `--list`.
+ specified commit (HEAD if not specified). Implies `--list`,
+ incompatible with `--no-merged`.
--no-merged [<commit>]::
Only list branches whose tips are not reachable from the
- specified commit (HEAD if not specified). Implies `--list`.
+ specified commit (HEAD if not specified). Implies `--list`,
+ incompatible with `--merged`.
<branchname>::
The name of the branch to create or delete.
@@ -253,6 +266,11 @@ start-point is either a local or remote-tracking branch.
--points-at <object>::
Only list branches of the given object.
+--format <format>::
+ A string that interpolates `%(fieldname)` from the object
+ pointed at by a ref being shown. The format is the same as
+ that of linkgit:git-for-each-ref[1].
+
Examples
--------
@@ -291,13 +309,16 @@ If you are creating a branch that you want to checkout immediately, it is
easier to use the git checkout command with its `-b` option to create
a branch and check it out with a single command.
-The options `--contains`, `--merged` and `--no-merged` serve three related
-but different purposes:
+The options `--contains`, `--no-contains`, `--merged` and `--no-merged`
+serve four related but different purposes:
- `--contains <commit>` is used to find all branches which will need
special attention if <commit> were to be rebased or amended, since those
branches contain the specified <commit>.
+- `--no-contains <commit>` is the inverse of that, i.e. branches that don't
+ contain the specified <commit>.
+
- `--merged` is used to find all branches which can be safely deleted,
since those branches are fully contained by HEAD.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
index 8e2c066..d6399c0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
@@ -256,6 +256,13 @@ section of linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate the `--patch` mode.
out anyway. In other words, the ref can be held by more than one
worktree.
+--[no-]recurse-submodules::
+ Using --recurse-submodules will update the content of all initialized
+ submodules according to the commit recorded in the superproject. If
+ local modifications in a submodule would be overwritten the checkout
+ will fail unless `-f` is used. If nothing (or --no-recurse-submodules)
+ is used, the work trees of submodules will not be updated.
+
<branch>::
Branch to checkout; if it refers to a branch (i.e., a name that,
when prepended with "refs/heads/", is a valid ref), then that
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clone.txt b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
index 35cc34b..83c8e9b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clone.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
@@ -13,8 +13,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
[-l] [-s] [--no-hardlinks] [-q] [-n] [--bare] [--mirror]
[-o <name>] [-b <name>] [-u <upload-pack>] [--reference <repository>]
[--dissociate] [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
- [--depth <depth>] [--[no-]single-branch]
- [--recursive | --recurse-submodules] [--[no-]shallow-submodules]
+ [--depth <depth>] [--[no-]single-branch] [--no-tags]
+ [--recurse-submodules] [--[no-]shallow-submodules]
[--jobs <n>] [--] <repository> [<directory>]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -215,10 +215,26 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
branch when `--single-branch` clone was made, no remote-tracking
branch is created.
---recursive::
---recurse-submodules::
- After the clone is created, initialize all submodules within,
- using their default settings. This is equivalent to running
+--no-tags::
+ Don't clone any tags, and set
+ `remote.<remote>.tagOpt=--no-tags` in the config, ensuring
+ that future `git pull` and `git fetch` operations won't follow
+ any tags. Subsequent explicit tag fetches will still work,
+ (see linkgit:git-fetch[1]).
++
+Can be used in conjunction with `--single-branch` to clone and
+maintain a branch with no references other than a single cloned
+branch. This is useful e.g. to maintain minimal clones of the default
+branch of some repository for search indexing.
+
+--recurse-submodules[=<pathspec]::
+ After the clone is created, initialize and clone submodules
+ within based on the provided pathspec. If no pathspec is
+ provided, all submodules are initialized and cloned.
+ Submodules are initialized and cloned using their default
+ settings. The resulting clone has `submodule.active` set to
+ the provided pathspec, or "." (meaning all submodules) if no
+ pathspec is provided. This is equivalent to running
`git submodule update --init --recursive` immediately after
the clone is finished. This option is ignored if the cloned
repository does not have a worktree/checkout (i.e. if any of
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
index 4f8f20a..8c74a2c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ OPTIONS
--reset-author::
When used with -C/-c/--amend options, or when committing after a
- a conflicting cherry-pick, declare that the authorship of the
+ conflicting cherry-pick, declare that the authorship of the
resulting commit now belongs to the committer. This also renews
the author timestamp.
@@ -112,14 +112,17 @@ OPTIONS
`--dry-run`.
--long::
- When doing a dry-run, give the output in a the long-format.
+ When doing a dry-run, give the output in the long-format.
Implies `--dry-run`.
-z::
--null::
- When showing `short` or `porcelain` status output, terminate
- entries in the status output with NUL, instead of LF. If no
- format is given, implies the `--porcelain` output format.
+ When showing `short` or `porcelain` status output, print the
+ filename verbatim and terminate the entries with NUL, instead of LF.
+ If no format is given, implies the `--porcelain` output format.
+ Without the `-z` option, filenames with "unusual" characters are
+ quoted as explained for the configuration variable `core.quotePath`
+ (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
-F <file>::
--file=<file>::
@@ -193,11 +196,12 @@ whitespace::
verbatim::
Do not change the message at all.
scissors::
- Same as `whitespace`, except that everything from (and
- including) the line
- "`# ------------------------ >8 ------------------------`"
- is truncated if the message is to be edited. "`#`" can be
- customized with core.commentChar.
+ Same as `whitespace` except that everything from (and including)
+ the line found below is truncated, if the message is to be edited.
+ "`#`" can be customized with core.commentChar.
+
+ # ------------------------ >8 ------------------------
+
default::
Same as `strip` if the message is to be edited.
Otherwise `whitespace`.
@@ -460,7 +464,7 @@ order). See linkgit:git-var[1] for details.
HOOKS
-----
This command can run `commit-msg`, `prepare-commit-msg`, `pre-commit`,
-and `post-commit` hooks. See linkgit:githooks[5] for more
+`post-commit` and `post-rewrite` hooks. See linkgit:githooks[5] for more
information.
FILES
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential-cache.txt b/Documentation/git-credential-cache.txt
index 96208f8..2b85826 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-credential-cache.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential-cache.txt
@@ -33,10 +33,13 @@ OPTIONS
--socket <path>::
Use `<path>` to contact a running cache daemon (or start a new
- cache daemon if one is not started). Defaults to
- `~/.git-credential-cache/socket`. If your home directory is on a
- network-mounted filesystem, you may need to change this to a
- local filesystem. You must specify an absolute path.
+ cache daemon if one is not started).
+ Defaults to `$XDG_CACHE_HOME/git/credential/socket` unless
+ `~/.git-credential-cache/` exists in which case
+ `~/.git-credential-cache/socket` is used instead.
+ If your home directory is on a network-mounted filesystem, you
+ may need to change this to a local filesystem. You must specify
+ an absolute path.
CONTROLLING THE DAEMON
----------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-describe.txt b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
index e4ac448..26f19d3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-describe.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
@@ -30,9 +30,14 @@ OPTIONS
Commit-ish object names to describe. Defaults to HEAD if omitted.
--dirty[=<mark>]::
- Describe the working tree.
- It means describe HEAD and appends <mark> (`-dirty` by
- default) if the working tree is dirty.
+--broken[=<mark>]::
+ Describe the state of the working tree. When the working
+ tree matches HEAD, the output is the same as "git describe
+ HEAD". If the working tree has local modification "-dirty"
+ is appended to it. If a repository is corrupt and Git
+ cannot determine if there is local modification, Git will
+ error out, unless `--broken' is given, which appends
+ the suffix "-broken" instead.
--all::
Instead of using only the annotated tags, use any ref
@@ -83,7 +88,20 @@ OPTIONS
--match <pattern>::
Only consider tags matching the given `glob(7)` pattern,
excluding the "refs/tags/" prefix. This can be used to avoid
- leaking private tags from the repository.
+ leaking private tags from the repository. If given multiple times, a
+ list of patterns will be accumulated, and tags matching any of the
+ patterns will be considered. Use `--no-match` to clear and reset the
+ list of patterns.
+
+--exclude <pattern>::
+ Do not consider tags matching the given `glob(7)` pattern, excluding
+ the "refs/tags/" prefix. This can be used to narrow the tag space and
+ find only tags matching some meaningful criteria. If given multiple
+ times, a list of patterns will be accumulated and tags matching any
+ of the patterns will be excluded. When combined with --match a tag will
+ be considered when it matches at least one --match pattern and does not
+ match any of the --exclude patterns. Use `--no-exclude` to clear and
+ reset the list of patterns.
--always::
Show uniquely abbreviated commit object as fallback.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff.txt b/Documentation/git-diff.txt
index bbab35f..b0c1bb9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff.txt
@@ -97,6 +97,20 @@ OPTIONS
:git-diff: 1
include::diff-options.txt[]
+-1 --base::
+-2 --ours::
+-3 --theirs::
+ Compare the working tree with the "base" version (stage #1),
+ "our branch" (stage #2) or "their branch" (stage #3). The
+ index contains these stages only for unmerged entries i.e.
+ while resolving conflicts. See linkgit:git-read-tree[1]
+ section "3-Way Merge" for detailed information.
+
+-0::
+ Omit diff output for unmerged entries and just show
+ "Unmerged". Can be used only when comparing the working tree
+ with the index.
+
<path>...::
The <paths> parameters, when given, are used to limit
the diff to the named paths (you can give directory
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
index 2b76265..3d3d219 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ Performance and Compression Tuning
--depth=<n>::
Maximum delta depth, for blob and tree deltification.
- Default is 10.
+ Default is 50.
--export-pack-edges=<file>::
After creating a packfile, print a line of data to
diff --git a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
index 0a09698..9e5169a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
@@ -8,11 +8,11 @@ git-filter-branch - Rewrite branches
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git filter-branch' [--env-filter <command>] [--tree-filter <command>]
- [--index-filter <command>] [--parent-filter <command>]
- [--msg-filter <command>] [--commit-filter <command>]
- [--tag-name-filter <command>] [--subdirectory-filter <directory>]
- [--prune-empty]
+'git filter-branch' [--setup <command>] [--env-filter <command>]
+ [--tree-filter <command>] [--index-filter <command>]
+ [--parent-filter <command>] [--msg-filter <command>]
+ [--commit-filter <command>] [--tag-name-filter <command>]
+ [--subdirectory-filter <directory>] [--prune-empty]
[--original <namespace>] [-d <directory>] [-f | --force]
[--] [<rev-list options>...]
@@ -82,12 +82,18 @@ multiple commits.
OPTIONS
-------
+--setup <command>::
+ This is not a real filter executed for each commit but a one
+ time setup just before the loop. Therefore no commit-specific
+ variables are defined yet. Functions or variables defined here
+ can be used or modified in the following filter steps except
+ the commit filter, for technical reasons.
+
--env-filter <command>::
This filter may be used if you only need to modify the environment
in which the commit will be performed. Specifically, you might
want to rewrite the author/committer name/email/time environment
- variables (see linkgit:git-commit-tree[1] for details). Do not forget
- to re-export the variables.
+ variables (see linkgit:git-commit-tree[1] for details).
--tree-filter <command>::
This is the filter for rewriting the tree and its contents.
@@ -167,14 +173,12 @@ to other tags will be rewritten to point to the underlying commit.
project root. Implies <<Remap_to_ancestor>>.
--prune-empty::
- Some kind of filters will generate empty commits, that left the tree
- untouched. This switch allow git-filter-branch to ignore such
- commits. Though, this switch only applies for commits that have one
- and only one parent, it will hence keep merges points. Also, this
- option is not compatible with the use of `--commit-filter`. Though you
- just need to use the function 'git_commit_non_empty_tree "$@"' instead
- of the `git commit-tree "$@"` idiom in your commit filter to make that
- happen.
+ Some filters will generate empty commits that leave the tree untouched.
+ This option instructs git-filter-branch to remove such commits if they
+ have exactly one or zero non-pruned parents; merge commits will
+ therefore remain intact. This option cannot be used together with
+ `--commit-filter`, though the same effect can be achieved by using the
+ provided `git_commit_non_empty_tree` function in a commit filter.
--original <namespace>::
Use this option to set the namespace where the original commits
@@ -342,12 +346,10 @@ git filter-branch --env-filter '
if test "$GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL" = "root@localhost"
then
GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL=john@example.com
- export GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL
fi
if test "$GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL" = "root@localhost"
then
GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL=john@example.com
- export GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL
fi
' -- --all
--------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
index abe13f3..cc42c12 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git for-each-ref' [--count=<count>] [--shell|--perl|--python|--tcl]
[(--sort=<key>)...] [--format=<format>] [<pattern>...]
[--points-at <object>] [(--merged | --no-merged) [<object>]]
- [--contains [<object>]]
+ [--contains [<object>]] [--no-contains [<object>]]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -69,16 +69,22 @@ OPTIONS
--merged [<object>]::
Only list refs whose tips are reachable from the
- specified commit (HEAD if not specified).
+ specified commit (HEAD if not specified),
+ incompatible with `--no-merged`.
--no-merged [<object>]::
Only list refs whose tips are not reachable from the
- specified commit (HEAD if not specified).
+ specified commit (HEAD if not specified),
+ incompatible with `--merged`.
--contains [<object>]::
Only list refs which contain the specified commit (HEAD if not
specified).
+--no-contains [<object>]::
+ Only list refs which don't contain the specified commit (HEAD
+ if not specified).
+
--ignore-case::
Sorting and filtering refs are case insensitive.
@@ -95,11 +101,20 @@ refname::
The name of the ref (the part after $GIT_DIR/).
For a non-ambiguous short name of the ref append `:short`.
The option core.warnAmbiguousRefs is used to select the strict
- abbreviation mode. If `strip=<N>` is appended, strips `<N>`
- slash-separated path components from the front of the refname
- (e.g., `%(refname:strip=2)` turns `refs/tags/foo` into `foo`.
- `<N>` must be a positive integer. If a displayed ref has fewer
- components than `<N>`, the command aborts with an error.
+ abbreviation mode. If `lstrip=<N>` (`rstrip=<N>`) is appended, strips `<N>`
+ slash-separated path components from the front (back) of the refname
+ (e.g. `%(refname:lstrip=2)` turns `refs/tags/foo` into `foo` and
+ `%(refname:rstrip=2)` turns `refs/tags/foo` into `refs`).
+ If `<N>` is a negative number, strip as many path components as
+ necessary from the specified end to leave `-<N>` path components
+ (e.g. `%(refname:lstrip=-2)` turns
+ `refs/tags/foo` into `tags/foo` and `%(refname:rstrip=-1)`
+ turns `refs/tags/foo` into `refs`). When the ref does not have
+ enough components, the result becomes an empty string if
+ stripping with positive <N>, or it becomes the full refname if
+ stripping with negative <N>. Neither is an error.
++
+`strip` can be used as a synomym to `lstrip`.
objecttype::
The type of the object (`blob`, `tree`, `commit`, `tag`).
@@ -110,29 +125,41 @@ objectsize::
objectname::
The object name (aka SHA-1).
For a non-ambiguous abbreviation of the object name append `:short`.
+ For an abbreviation of the object name with desired length append
+ `:short=<length>`, where the minimum length is MINIMUM_ABBREV. The
+ length may be exceeded to ensure unique object names.
upstream::
The name of a local ref which can be considered ``upstream''
- from the displayed ref. Respects `:short` in the same way as
- `refname` above. Additionally respects `:track` to show
- "[ahead N, behind M]" and `:trackshort` to show the terse
- version: ">" (ahead), "<" (behind), "<>" (ahead and behind),
- or "=" (in sync). Has no effect if the ref does not have
- tracking information associated with it.
+ from the displayed ref. Respects `:short`, `:lstrip` and
+ `:rstrip` in the same way as `refname` above. Additionally
+ respects `:track` to show "[ahead N, behind M]" and
+ `:trackshort` to show the terse version: ">" (ahead), "<"
+ (behind), "<>" (ahead and behind), or "=" (in sync). `:track`
+ also prints "[gone]" whenever unknown upstream ref is
+ encountered. Append `:track,nobracket` to show tracking
+ information without brackets (i.e "ahead N, behind M"). Has
+ no effect if the ref does not have tracking information
+ associated with it. All the options apart from `nobracket`
+ are mutually exclusive, but if used together the last option
+ is selected.
push::
- The name of a local ref which represents the `@{push}` location
- for the displayed ref. Respects `:short`, `:track`, and
- `:trackshort` options as `upstream` does. Produces an empty
- string if no `@{push}` ref is configured.
+ The name of a local ref which represents the `@{push}`
+ location for the displayed ref. Respects `:short`, `:lstrip`,
+ `:rstrip`, `:track`, and `:trackshort` options as `upstream`
+ does. Produces an empty string if no `@{push}` ref is
+ configured.
HEAD::
'*' if HEAD matches current ref (the checked out branch), ' '
otherwise.
color::
- Change output color. Followed by `:<colorname>`, where names
- are described in `color.branch.*`.
+ Change output color. Followed by `:<colorname>`, where color
+ names are described under Values in the "CONFIGURATION FILE"
+ section of linkgit:git-config[1]. For example,
+ `%(color:bold red)`.
align::
Left-, middle-, or right-align the content between
@@ -149,6 +176,25 @@ align::
quoted, but if nested then only the topmost level performs
quoting.
+if::
+ Used as %(if)...%(then)...%(end) or
+ %(if)...%(then)...%(else)...%(end). If there is an atom with
+ value or string literal after the %(if) then everything after
+ the %(then) is printed, else if the %(else) atom is used, then
+ everything after %(else) is printed. We ignore space when
+ evaluating the string before %(then), this is useful when we
+ use the %(HEAD) atom which prints either "*" or " " and we
+ want to apply the 'if' condition only on the 'HEAD' ref.
+ Append ":equals=<string>" or ":notequals=<string>" to compare
+ the value between the %(if:...) and %(then) atoms with the
+ given string.
+
+symref::
+ The ref which the given symbolic ref refers to. If not a
+ symbolic ref, nothing is printed. Respects the `:short`,
+ `:lstrip` and `:rstrip` options in the same way as `refname`
+ above.
+
In addition to the above, for commit and tag objects, the header
field names (`tree`, `parent`, `object`, `type`, and `tag`) can
be used to specify the value in the header field.
@@ -186,6 +232,14 @@ As a special case for the date-type fields, you may specify a format for
the date by adding `:` followed by date format name (see the
values the `--date` option to linkgit:git-rev-list[1] takes).
+Some atoms like %(align) and %(if) always require a matching %(end).
+We call them "opening atoms" and sometimes denote them as %($open).
+
+When a scripting language specific quoting is in effect, everything
+between a top-level opening atom and its matching %(end) is evaluated
+according to the semantics of the opening atom and only its result
+from the top-level is quoted.
+
EXAMPLES
--------
@@ -273,6 +327,22 @@ eval=`git for-each-ref --shell --format="$fmt" \
eval "$eval"
------------
+
+An example to show the usage of %(if)...%(then)...%(else)...%(end).
+This prefixes the current branch with a star.
+
+------------
+git for-each-ref --format="%(if)%(HEAD)%(then)* %(else) %(end)%(refname:short)" refs/heads/
+------------
+
+
+An example to show the usage of %(if)...%(then)...%(end).
+This prints the authorname, if present.
+
+------------
+git for-each-ref --format="%(refname)%(if)%(authorname)%(then) Authored by: %(authorname)%(end)"
+------------
+
SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:git-show-ref[1]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
index 9b200b3..c890328 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
@@ -239,7 +239,7 @@ keeping them as Git notes allows them to be maintained between versions
of the patch series (but see the discussion of the `notes.rewrite`
configuration options in linkgit:git-notes[1] to use this workflow).
---[no]-signature=<signature>::
+--[no-]signature=<signature>::
Add a signature to each message produced. Per RFC 3676 the signature
is separated from the body by a line with '-- ' on it. If the
signature option is omitted the signature defaults to the Git version
@@ -557,7 +557,7 @@ series A, B, C, the history would be like:
................................................
With `git format-patch --base=P -3 C` (or variants thereof, e.g. with
-`--cover-letter` of using `Z..C` instead of `-3 C` to specify the
+`--cover-letter` or using `Z..C` instead of `-3 C` to specify the
range), the base tree information block is shown at the end of the
first message the command outputs (either the first patch, or the
cover letter), like this:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-grep.txt b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
index 71f32f3..720c785 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-grep.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
@@ -95,13 +95,6 @@ OPTIONS
<tree> option the prefix of all submodule output will be the name of
the parent project's <tree> object.
---parent-basename <basename>::
- For internal use only. In order to produce uniform output with the
- --recurse-submodules option, this option can be used to provide the
- basename of a parent's <tree> object to a submodule so the submodule
- can prefix its output with the parent's name rather than the SHA1 of
- the submodule.
-
-a::
--text::
Process binary files as if they were text.
@@ -161,8 +154,11 @@ OPTIONS
-P::
--perl-regexp::
- Use Perl-compatible regexp for patterns. Requires libpcre to be
- compiled in.
+ Use Perl-compatible regular expressions for patterns.
++
+Support for these types of regular expressions is an optional
+compile-time dependency. If Git wasn't compiled with support for them
+providing this option will cause it to die.
-F::
--fixed-strings::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt b/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt
index 09074c7..31cdeae 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@ trailer.ifexists::
same <token> in the message.
+
The valid values for this option are: `addIfDifferentNeighbor` (this
-is the default), `addIfDifferent`, `add`, `overwrite` or `doNothing`.
+is the default), `addIfDifferent`, `add`, `replace` or `doNothing`.
+
With `addIfDifferentNeighbor`, a new trailer will be added only if no
trailer with the same (<token>, <value>) pair is above or below the line
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
index 446209e..d153c17 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@ OPTIONS
-s::
--stage::
- Show staged contents' object name, mode bits and stage number in the output.
+ Show staged contents' mode bits, object name and stage number in the output.
--directory::
If a whole directory is classified as "other", show just its
@@ -77,7 +77,8 @@ OPTIONS
succeed.
-z::
- \0 line termination on output.
+ \0 line termination on output and do not quote filenames.
+ See OUTPUT below for more information.
-x <pattern>::
--exclude=<pattern>::
@@ -196,9 +197,10 @@ the index records up to three such pairs; one from tree O in stage
the user (or the porcelain) to see what should eventually be recorded at the
path. (see linkgit:git-read-tree[1] for more information on state)
-When `-z` option is not used, TAB, LF, and backslash characters
-in pathnames are represented as `\t`, `\n`, and `\\`,
-respectively.
+Without the `-z` option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are
+quoted as explained for the configuration variable `core.quotePath`
+(see linkgit:git-config[1]). Using `-z` the filename is output
+verbatim and the line is terminated by a NUL byte.
Exclude Patterns
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt
index dbc91f9..9dee7be 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt
@@ -53,7 +53,8 @@ OPTIONS
Show object size of blob (file) entries.
-z::
- \0 line termination on output.
+ \0 line termination on output and do not quote filenames.
+ See OUTPUT FORMAT below for more information.
--name-only::
--name-status::
@@ -82,8 +83,6 @@ Output Format
-------------
<mode> SP <type> SP <object> TAB <file>
-Unless the `-z` option is used, TAB, LF, and backslash characters
-in pathnames are represented as `\t`, `\n`, and `\\`, respectively.
This output format is compatible with what `--index-info --stdin` of
'git update-index' expects.
@@ -95,6 +94,11 @@ Object size identified by <object> is given in bytes, and right-justified
with minimum width of 7 characters. Object size is given only for blobs
(file) entries; for other entries `-` character is used in place of size.
+Without the `-z` option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are
+quoted as explained for the configuration variable `core.quotePath`
+(see linkgit:git-config[1]). Using `-z` the filename is output
+verbatim and the line is terminated by a NUL byte.
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge.txt b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
index ca3c27b..04fdd8c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
@@ -13,7 +13,6 @@ SYNOPSIS
[-s <strategy>] [-X <strategy-option>] [-S[<keyid>]]
[--[no-]allow-unrelated-histories]
[--[no-]rerere-autoupdate] [-m <msg>] [<commit>...]
-'git merge' <msg> HEAD <commit>...
'git merge' --abort
'git merge' --continue
@@ -46,11 +45,7 @@ a log message from the user describing the changes.
D---E---F---G---H master
------------
-The second syntax (<msg> `HEAD` <commit>...) is supported for
-historical reasons. Do not use it from the command line or in
-new scripts. It is the same as `git merge -m <msg> <commit>...`.
-
-The third syntax ("`git merge --abort`") can only be run after the
+The second syntax ("`git merge --abort`") can only be run after the
merge has resulted in conflicts. 'git merge --abort' will abort the
merge process and try to reconstruct the pre-merge state. However,
if there were uncommitted changes when the merge started (and
diff --git a/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt b/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt
index ca28fb8..e8e68f5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt
@@ -26,7 +26,18 @@ OPTIONS
--refs=<pattern>::
Only use refs whose names match a given shell pattern. The pattern
- can be one of branch name, tag name or fully qualified ref name.
+ can be one of branch name, tag name or fully qualified ref name. If
+ given multiple times, use refs whose names match any of the given shell
+ patterns. Use `--no-refs` to clear any previous ref patterns given.
+
+--exclude=<pattern>::
+ Do not use any ref whose name matches a given shell pattern. The
+ pattern can be one of branch name, tag name or fully qualified ref
+ name. If given multiple times, a ref will be excluded when it matches
+ any of the given patterns. When used together with --refs, a ref will
+ be used as a match only when it matches at least one --refs pattern and
+ does not match any --exclude patterns. Use `--no-exclude` to clear the
+ list of exclude patterns.
--all::
List all commits reachable from all refs
diff --git a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
index cf71fba..442caff 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
@@ -56,9 +56,6 @@ OPTIONS
This is the default.
-<patch>::
- The diff to create the ID of.
-
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
index 4470e4b..ce05b7a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pull.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
@@ -67,7 +67,7 @@ with uncommitted changes is discouraged: while possible, it leaves you
in a state that may be hard to back out of in the case of a conflict.
If any of the remote changes overlap with local uncommitted changes,
-the merge will be automatically cancelled and the work tree untouched.
+the merge will be automatically canceled and the work tree untouched.
It is generally best to get any local changes in working order before
pulling or stash them away with linkgit:git-stash[1].
@@ -86,12 +86,12 @@ OPTIONS
--[no-]recurse-submodules[=yes|on-demand|no]::
This option controls if new commits of all populated submodules should
- be fetched too (see linkgit:git-config[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5]).
- That might be necessary to get the data needed for merging submodule
- commits, a feature Git learned in 1.7.3. Notice that the result of a
- merge will not be checked out in the submodule, "git submodule update"
- has to be called afterwards to bring the work tree up to date with the
- merge result.
+ be fetched and updated, too (see linkgit:git-config[1] and
+ linkgit:gitmodules[5]).
++
+If the checkout is done via rebase, local submodule commits are rebased as well.
++
+If the update is done via merge, the submodule conflicts are resolved and checked out.
Options related to merging
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -131,7 +131,7 @@ unless you have read linkgit:git-rebase[1] carefully.
--autostash::
--no-autostash::
Before starting rebase, stash local modifications away (see
- linkgit:git-stash[1]) if needed, and apply the stash when
+ linkgit:git-stash[1]) if needed, and apply the stash entry when
done. `--no-autostash` is useful to override the `rebase.autoStash`
configuration variable (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
+
@@ -159,15 +159,15 @@ present while on branch `<name>`, that value is used instead of
In order to determine what URL to use to fetch from, the value
of the configuration `remote.<origin>.url` is consulted
-and if there is not any such variable, the value on `URL: ` line
-in `$GIT_DIR/remotes/<origin>` file is used.
+and if there is not any such variable, the value on the `URL:` line
+in `$GIT_DIR/remotes/<origin>` is used.
In order to determine what remote branches to fetch (and
optionally store in the remote-tracking branches) when the command is
run without any refspec parameters on the command line, values
of the configuration variable `remote.<origin>.fetch` are
consulted, and if there aren't any, `$GIT_DIR/remotes/<origin>`
-file is consulted and its `Pull: ` lines are used.
+is consulted and its `Pull:` lines are used.
In addition to the refspec formats described in the OPTIONS
section, you can have a globbing refspec that looks like this:
@@ -210,7 +210,8 @@ EXAMPLES
current branch:
+
------------------------------------------------
-$ git pull, git pull origin
+$ git pull
+$ git pull origin
------------------------------------------------
+
Normally the branch merged in is the HEAD of the remote repository,
diff --git a/Documentation/git-push.txt b/Documentation/git-push.txt
index 7666734..3e76e99 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-push.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-push.txt
@@ -217,6 +217,47 @@ with this feature.
+
"--no-force-with-lease" will cancel all the previous --force-with-lease on the
command line.
++
+A general note on safety: supplying this option without an expected
+value, i.e. as `--force-with-lease` or `--force-with-lease=<refname>`
+interacts very badly with anything that implicitly runs `git fetch` on
+the remote to be pushed to in the background, e.g. `git fetch origin`
+on your repository in a cronjob.
++
+The protection it offers over `--force` is ensuring that subsequent
+changes your work wasn't based on aren't clobbered, but this is
+trivially defeated if some background process is updating refs in the
+background. We don't have anything except the remote tracking info to
+go by as a heuristic for refs you're expected to have seen & are
+willing to clobber.
++
+If your editor or some other system is running `git fetch` in the
+background for you a way to mitigate this is to simply set up another
+remote:
++
+ git remote add origin-push $(git config remote.origin.url)
+ git fetch origin-push
++
+Now when the background process runs `git fetch origin` the references
+on `origin-push` won't be updated, and thus commands like:
++
+ git push --force-with-lease origin-push
++
+Will fail unless you manually run `git fetch origin-push`. This method
+is of course entirely defeated by something that runs `git fetch
+--all`, in that case you'd need to either disable it or do something
+more tedious like:
++
+ git fetch # update 'master' from remote
+ git tag base master # mark our base point
+ git rebase -i master # rewrite some commits
+ git push --force-with-lease=master:base master:master
++
+I.e. create a `base` tag for versions of the upstream code that you've
+seen and are willing to overwrite, then rewrite history, and finally
+force push changes to `master` if the remote version is still at
+`base`, regardless of what your local `remotes/origin/master` has been
+updated to in the background.
-f::
--force::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
index fa1d557..02576d8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
@@ -115,6 +115,12 @@ OPTIONS
directories the index file and index output file are
located in.
+--[no-]recurse-submodules::
+ Using --recurse-submodules will update the content of all initialized
+ submodules according to the commit recorded in the superproject by
+ calling read-tree recursively, also setting the submodules HEAD to be
+ detached at that commit.
+
--no-sparse-checkout::
Disable sparse checkout support even if `core.sparseCheckout`
is true.
@@ -131,7 +137,7 @@ Merging
-------
If `-m` is specified, 'git read-tree' can perform 3 kinds of
merge, a single tree merge if only 1 tree is given, a
-fast-forward merge with 2 trees, or a 3-way merge if 3 trees are
+fast-forward merge with 2 trees, or a 3-way merge if 3 or more trees are
provided.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
index 67d48e6..4f6bed6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
@@ -370,6 +370,11 @@ default is `--no-fork-point`, otherwise the default is `--fork-point`.
of the rebased commits (see linkgit:git-am[1]).
Incompatible with the --interactive option.
+--signoff::
+ This flag is passed to 'git am' to sign off all the rebased
+ commits (see linkgit:git-am[1]). Incompatible with the
+ --interactive option.
+
-i::
--interactive::
Make a list of the commits which are about to be rebased. Let the
@@ -441,7 +446,7 @@ used to override and disable this setting.
--autostash::
--no-autostash::
- Automatically create a temporary stash before the operation
+ Automatically create a temporary stash entry before the operation
begins, and apply it after the operation ends. This means
that you can run rebase on a dirty worktree. However, use
with care: the final stash application after a successful
@@ -670,7 +675,7 @@ on this 'subsystem'. You might end up with a history like the
following:
------------
- o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o master
+ o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o master
\
o---o---o---o---o subsystem
\
diff --git a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
index 0ccd5fb..86a4b32 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
@@ -114,6 +114,8 @@ will be performed, and the update, post-receive and post-update
hooks will not be invoked either. This can be useful to quickly
bail out if the update is not to be supported.
+See the notes on the quarantine environment below.
+
update Hook
-----------
Before each ref is updated, if $GIT_DIR/hooks/update file exists
@@ -214,6 +216,33 @@ if the repository is packed and is served via a dumb transport.
exec git update-server-info
+Quarantine Environment
+----------------------
+
+When `receive-pack` takes in objects, they are placed into a temporary
+"quarantine" directory within the `$GIT_DIR/objects` directory and
+migrated into the main object store only after the `pre-receive` hook
+has completed. If the push fails before then, the temporary directory is
+removed entirely.
+
+This has a few user-visible effects and caveats:
+
+ 1. Pushes which fail due to problems with the incoming pack, missing
+ objects, or due to the `pre-receive` hook will not leave any
+ on-disk data. This is usually helpful to prevent repeated failed
+ pushes from filling up your disk, but can make debugging more
+ challenging.
+
+ 2. Any objects created by the `pre-receive` hook will be created in
+ the quarantine directory (and migrated only if it succeeds).
+
+ 3. The `pre-receive` hook MUST NOT update any refs to point to
+ quarantined objects. Other programs accessing the repository will
+ not be able to see the objects (and if the pre-receive hook fails,
+ those refs would become corrupted). For safety, any ref updates
+ from within `pre-receive` are automatically rejected.
+
+
SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:git-send-pack[1], linkgit:gitnamespaces[7]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-repack.txt b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
index 26afe6e..ae750e9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-repack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-repack - Pack unpacked objects in a repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git repack' [-a] [-A] [-d] [-f] [-F] [-l] [-n] [-q] [-b] [--window=<n>] [--depth=<n>]
+'git repack' [-a] [-A] [-d] [-f] [-F] [-l] [-n] [-q] [-b] [--window=<n>] [--depth=<n>] [--threads=<n>]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -92,6 +92,9 @@ other objects in that pack they already have locally.
to be applied that many times to get to the necessary object.
The default value for --window is 10 and --depth is 50.
+--threads=<n>::
+ This option is passed through to `git pack-objects`.
+
--window-memory=<n>::
This option provides an additional limit on top of `--window`;
the window size will dynamically scale down so as to not take
diff --git a/Documentation/git-reset.txt b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
index 8a21198..1d697d9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reset.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ $ git pull git://info.example.com/ nitfol <4>
in these files are in good order. You do not want to see them
when you run "git diff", because you plan to work on other files
and changes with these files are distracting.
-<2> Somebody asks you to pull, and the changes sounds worthy of merging.
+<2> Somebody asks you to pull, and the changes sound worthy of merging.
<3> However, you already dirtied the index (i.e. your index does
not match the HEAD commit). But you know the pull you are going
to make does not affect frotz.c or filfre.c, so you revert the
@@ -294,7 +294,7 @@ $ git reset --keep start <3>
Split a commit apart into a sequence of commits::
+
-Suppose that you have created lots of logically separate changes and commited
+Suppose that you have created lots of logically separate changes and committed
them together. Then, later you decide that it might be better to have each
logical chunk associated with its own commit. You can use git reset to rewind
history without changing the contents of your local files, and then successively
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
index 7241e96..b1293f2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
@@ -126,6 +126,12 @@ can be used.
'git diff-{asterisk}'). In contrast to the `--sq-quote` option,
the command input is still interpreted as usual.
+--short[=length]::
+ Same as `--verify` but shortens the object name to a unique
+ prefix with at least `length` characters. The minimum length
+ is 4, the default is the effective value of the `core.abbrev`
+ configuration variable (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
+
--not::
When showing object names, prefix them with '{caret}' and
strip '{caret}' prefix from the object names that already have
@@ -136,12 +142,6 @@ can be used.
The option core.warnAmbiguousRefs is used to select the strict
abbreviation mode.
---short::
---short=number::
- Instead of outputting the full SHA-1 values of object names try to
- abbreviate them to a shorter unique name. When no length is specified
- 7 is used. The minimum length is 4.
-
--symbolic::
Usually the object names are output in SHA-1 form (with
possible '{caret}' prefix); this option makes them output in a
@@ -217,6 +217,10 @@ If `$GIT_DIR` is not defined and the current directory
is not detected to lie in a Git repository or work tree
print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
+--absolute-git-dir::
+ Like `--git-dir`, but its output is always the canonicalized
+ absolute path.
+
--git-common-dir::
Show `$GIT_COMMON_DIR` if defined, else `$GIT_DIR`.
@@ -257,6 +261,12 @@ print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
--show-toplevel::
Show the absolute path of the top-level directory.
+--show-superproject-working-tree
+ Show the absolute path of the root of the superproject's
+ working tree (if exists) that uses the current repository as
+ its submodule. Outputs nothing if the current repository is
+ not used as a submodule by any project.
+
--shared-index-path::
Show the path to the shared index file in split index mode, or
empty if not in split-index mode.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rm.txt b/Documentation/git-rm.txt
index f1efc11..683e591 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rm.txt
@@ -140,10 +140,11 @@ Only submodules using a gitfile (which means they were cloned
with a Git version 1.7.8 or newer) will be removed from the work
tree, as their repository lives inside the .git directory of the
superproject. If a submodule (or one of those nested inside it)
-still uses a .git directory, `git rm` will fail - no matter if forced
-or not - to protect the submodule's history. If it exists the
-submodule.<name> section in the linkgit:gitmodules[5] file will also
-be removed and that file will be staged (unless --cached or -n are used).
+still uses a .git directory, `git rm` will move the submodules
+git directory into the superprojects git directory to protect
+the submodule's history. If it exists the submodule.<name> section
+in the linkgit:gitmodules[5] file will also be removed and that file
+will be staged (unless --cached or -n are used).
A submodule is considered up-to-date when the HEAD is the same as
recorded in the index, no tracked files are modified and no untracked
@@ -152,8 +153,8 @@ Ignored files are deemed expendable and won't stop a submodule's work
tree from being removed.
If you only want to remove the local checkout of a submodule from your
-work tree without committing the removal,
-use linkgit:git-submodule[1] `deinit` instead.
+work tree without committing the removal, use linkgit:git-submodule[1] `deinit`
+instead. Also see linkgit:gitsubmodules[7] for details on submodule removal.
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
index 642d0ef..bac9014 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ See the CONFIGURATION section for `sendemail.multiEdit`.
reply to the given Message-Id, which avoids breaking threads to
provide a new patch series.
The second and subsequent emails will be sent as replies according to
- the `--[no]-chain-reply-to` setting.
+ the `--[no-]chain-reply-to` setting.
+
So for example when `--thread` and `--no-chain-reply-to` are specified, the
second and subsequent patches will be replies to the first one like in the
@@ -248,6 +248,21 @@ must be used for each option.
commands and replies will be printed. Useful to debug TLS
connection and authentication problems.
+--batch-size=<num>::
+ Some email servers (e.g. smtp.163.com) limit the number emails to be
+ sent per session (connection) and this will lead to a faliure when
+ sending many messages. With this option, send-email will disconnect after
+ sending $<num> messages and wait for a few seconds (see --relogin-delay)
+ and reconnect, to work around such a limit. You may want to
+ use some form of credential helper to avoid having to retype
+ your password every time this happens. Defaults to the
+ `sendemail.smtpBatchSize` configuration variable.
+
+--relogin-delay=<int>::
+ Waiting $<int> seconds before reconnecting to SMTP server. Used together
+ with --batch-size option. Defaults to the `sendemail.smtpReloginDelay`
+ configuration variable.
+
Automating
~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -377,6 +392,7 @@ have been specified, in which case default to 'compose'.
Currently, validation means the following:
+
--
+ * Invoke the sendemail-validate hook if present (see linkgit:githooks[5]).
* Warn of patches that contain lines longer than 998 characters; this
is due to SMTP limits as described by http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2821.txt.
--
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
index d32841f..f51c649 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
@@ -81,6 +81,12 @@ be in a separate packet, and the list must end with a flush packet.
will also fail if the actual call to `gpg --sign` fails. See
linkgit:git-receive-pack[1] for the details on the receiving end.
+--push-option=<string>::
+ Pass the specified string as a push option for consumption by
+ hooks on the server side. If the server doesn't support push
+ options, error out. See linkgit:git-push[1] and
+ linkgit:githooks[5] for details.
+
<host>::
A remote host to house the repository. When this
part is specified, 'git-receive-pack' is invoked via
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stash.txt b/Documentation/git-stash.txt
index 2e9e344..00f95fe 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stash.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stash.txt
@@ -13,8 +13,11 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git stash' drop [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
'git stash' ( pop | apply ) [--index] [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
'git stash' branch <branchname> [<stash>]
-'git stash' [save [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-q|--quiet]
- [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [<message>]]
+'git stash' save [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-q|--quiet]
+ [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [<message>]
+'git stash' [push [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-q|--quiet]
+ [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [-m|--message <message>]]
+ [--] [<pathspec>...]]
'git stash' clear
'git stash' create [<message>]
'git stash' store [-m|--message <message>] [-q|--quiet] <commit>
@@ -46,14 +49,24 @@ OPTIONS
-------
save [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [-q|--quiet] [<message>]::
+push [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [-q|--quiet] [-m|--message <message>] [--] [<pathspec>...]::
- Save your local modifications to a new 'stash' and roll them
+ Save your local modifications to a new 'stash entry' and roll them
back to HEAD (in the working tree and in the index).
The <message> part is optional and gives
- the description along with the stashed state. For quickly making
- a snapshot, you can omit _both_ "save" and <message>, but giving
- only <message> does not trigger this action to prevent a misspelled
- subcommand from making an unwanted stash.
+ the description along with the stashed state.
++
+For quickly making a snapshot, you can omit "push". In this mode,
+non-option arguments are not allowed to prevent a misspelled
+subcommand from making an unwanted stash entry. The two exceptions to this
+are `stash -p` which acts as alias for `stash push -p` and pathspecs,
+which are allowed after a double hyphen `--` for disambiguation.
++
+When pathspec is given to 'git stash push', the new stash entry records the
+modified states only for the files that match the pathspec. The index
+entries and working tree files are then rolled back to the state in
+HEAD only for these files, too, leaving files that do not match the
+pathspec intact.
+
If the `--keep-index` option is used, all changes already added to the
index are left intact.
@@ -76,10 +89,10 @@ The `--patch` option implies `--keep-index`. You can use
list [<options>]::
- List the stashes that you currently have. Each 'stash' is listed
- with its name (e.g. `stash@{0}` is the latest stash, `stash@{1}` is
+ List the stash entries that you currently have. Each 'stash entry' is
+ listed with its name (e.g. `stash@{0}` is the latest entry, `stash@{1}` is
the one before, etc.), the name of the branch that was current when the
- stash was made, and a short description of the commit the stash was
+ entry was made, and a short description of the commit the entry was
based on.
+
----------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -92,11 +105,12 @@ command to control what is shown and how. See linkgit:git-log[1].
show [<stash>]::
- Show the changes recorded in the stash as a diff between the
- stashed state and its original parent. When no `<stash>` is given,
- shows the latest one. By default, the command shows the diffstat, but
- it will accept any format known to 'git diff' (e.g., `git stash show
- -p stash@{1}` to view the second most recent stash in patch form).
+ Show the changes recorded in the stash entry as a diff between the
+ stashed contents and the commit back when the stash entry was first
+ created. When no `<stash>` is given, it shows the latest one.
+ By default, the command shows the diffstat, but it will accept any
+ format known to 'git diff' (e.g., `git stash show -p stash@{1}`
+ to view the second most recent entry in patch form).
You can use stash.showStat and/or stash.showPatch config variables
to change the default behavior.
@@ -136,26 +150,27 @@ branch <branchname> [<stash>]::
+
This is useful if the branch on which you ran `git stash save` has
changed enough that `git stash apply` fails due to conflicts. Since
-the stash is applied on top of the commit that was HEAD at the time
-`git stash` was run, it restores the originally stashed state with
-no conflicts.
+the stash entry is applied on top of the commit that was HEAD at the
+time `git stash` was run, it restores the originally stashed state
+with no conflicts.
clear::
- Remove all the stashed states. Note that those states will then
+ Remove all the stash entries. Note that those entries will then
be subject to pruning, and may be impossible to recover (see
'Examples' below for a possible strategy).
drop [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]::
- Remove a single stashed state from the stash list. When no `<stash>`
- is given, it removes the latest one. i.e. `stash@{0}`, otherwise
- `<stash>` must be a valid stash log reference of the form
- `stash@{<revision>}`.
+ Remove a single stash entry from the list of stash entries.
+ When no `<stash>` is given, it removes the latest one.
+ i.e. `stash@{0}`, otherwise `<stash>` must be a valid stash
+ log reference of the form `stash@{<revision>}`.
create::
- Create a stash (which is a regular commit object) and return its
- object name, without storing it anywhere in the ref namespace.
+ Create a stash entry (which is a regular commit object) and
+ return its object name, without storing it anywhere in the ref
+ namespace.
This is intended to be useful for scripts. It is probably not
the command you want to use; see "save" above.
@@ -169,10 +184,10 @@ store::
DISCUSSION
----------
-A stash is represented as a commit whose tree records the state of the
-working directory, and its first parent is the commit at `HEAD` when
-the stash was created. The tree of the second parent records the
-state of the index when the stash is made, and it is made a child of
+A stash entry is represented as a commit whose tree records the state
+of the working directory, and its first parent is the commit at `HEAD`
+when the entry was created. The tree of the second parent records the
+state of the index when the entry is made, and it is made a child of
the `HEAD` commit. The ancestry graph looks like this:
.----W
@@ -256,12 +271,12 @@ $ edit/build/test remaining parts
$ git commit foo -m 'Remaining parts'
----------------------------------------------------------------
-Recovering stashes that were cleared/dropped erroneously::
+Recovering stash entries that were cleared/dropped erroneously::
-If you mistakenly drop or clear stashes, they cannot be recovered
+If you mistakenly drop or clear stash entries, they cannot be recovered
through the normal safety mechanisms. However, you can try the
-following incantation to get a list of stashes that are still in your
-repository, but not reachable any more:
+following incantation to get a list of stash entries that are still in
+your repository, but not reachable any more:
+
----------------------------------------------------------------
git fsck --unreachable |
diff --git a/Documentation/git-status.txt b/Documentation/git-status.txt
index 725065e..d47f198 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-status.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-status.txt
@@ -32,6 +32,9 @@ OPTIONS
--branch::
Show the branch and tracking info even in short-format.
+--show-stash::
+ Show the number of entries currently stashed away.
+
--porcelain[=<version>]::
Give the output in an easy-to-parse format for scripts.
This is similar to the short output, but will remain stable
@@ -181,6 +184,17 @@ in which case `XY` are `!!`.
! ! ignored
-------------------------------------------------
+Submodules have more state and instead report
+ M the submodule has a different HEAD than
+ recorded in the index
+ m the submodule has modified content
+ ? the submodule has untracked files
+since modified content or untracked files in a submodule cannot be added
+via `git add` in the superproject to prepare a commit.
+
+'m' and '?' are applied recursively. For example if a nested submodule
+in a submodule contains an untracked file, this is reported as '?' as well.
+
If -b is used the short-format status is preceded by a line
## branchname tracking info
@@ -210,6 +224,8 @@ field from the first filename). Third, filenames containing special
characters are not specially formatted; no quoting or
backslash-escaping is performed.
+Any submodule changes are reported as modified `M` instead of `m` or single `?`.
+
Porcelain Format Version 2
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -322,10 +338,9 @@ When the `-z` option is given, pathnames are printed as is and
without any quoting and lines are terminated with a NUL (ASCII 0x00)
byte.
-Otherwise, all pathnames will be "C-quoted" if they contain any tab,
-linefeed, double quote, or backslash characters. In C-quoting, these
-characters will be replaced with the corresponding C-style escape
-sequences and the resulting pathname will be double quoted.
+Without the `-z` option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are
+quoted as explained for the configuration variable `core.quotePath`
+(see linkgit:git-config[1]).
CONFIGURATION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
index 8acc72e..ff61200 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
@@ -24,37 +24,7 @@ DESCRIPTION
-----------
Inspects, updates and manages submodules.
-A submodule allows you to keep another Git repository in a subdirectory
-of your repository. The other repository has its own history, which does not
-interfere with the history of the current repository. This can be used to
-have external dependencies such as third party libraries for example.
-
-When cloning or pulling a repository containing submodules however,
-these will not be checked out by default; the 'init' and 'update'
-subcommands will maintain submodules checked out and at
-appropriate revision in your working tree.
-
-Submodules are composed from a so-called `gitlink` tree entry
-in the main repository that refers to a particular commit object
-within the inner repository that is completely separate.
-A record in the `.gitmodules` (see linkgit:gitmodules[5]) file at the
-root of the source tree assigns a logical name to the submodule and
-describes the default URL the submodule shall be cloned from.
-The logical name can be used for overriding this URL within your
-local repository configuration (see 'submodule init').
-
-Submodules are not to be confused with remotes, which are other
-repositories of the same project; submodules are meant for
-different projects you would like to make part of your source tree,
-while the history of the two projects still stays completely
-independent and you cannot modify the contents of the submodule
-from within the main project.
-If you want to merge the project histories and want to treat the
-aggregated whole as a single project from then on, you may want to
-add a remote for the other project and use the 'subtree' merge strategy,
-instead of treating the other project as a submodule. Directories
-that come from both projects can be cloned and checked out as a whole
-if you choose to go that route.
+For more information about submodules, see linkgit:gitsubmodules[7].
COMMANDS
--------
@@ -63,41 +33,38 @@ add [-b <branch>] [-f|--force] [--name <name>] [--reference <repository>] [--dep
to the changeset to be committed next to the current
project: the current project is termed the "superproject".
+
-This requires at least one argument: <repository>. The optional
-argument <path> is the relative location for the cloned submodule
-to exist in the superproject. If <path> is not given, the
-"humanish" part of the source repository is used ("repo" for
-"/path/to/repo.git" and "foo" for "host.xz:foo/.git").
-The <path> is also used as the submodule's logical name in its
-configuration entries unless `--name` is used to specify a logical name.
-+
<repository> is the URL of the new submodule's origin repository.
This may be either an absolute URL, or (if it begins with ./
-or ../), the location relative to the superproject's origin
+or ../), the location relative to the superproject's default remote
repository (Please note that to specify a repository 'foo.git'
which is located right next to a superproject 'bar.git', you'll
have to use '../foo.git' instead of './foo.git' - as one might expect
when following the rules for relative URLs - because the evaluation
of relative URLs in Git is identical to that of relative directories).
-If the superproject doesn't have an origin configured
++
+The default remote is the remote of the remote tracking branch
+of the current branch. If no such remote tracking branch exists or
+the HEAD is detached, "origin" is assumed to be the default remote.
+If the superproject doesn't have a default remote configured
the superproject is its own authoritative upstream and the current
working directory is used instead.
+
-<path> is the relative location for the cloned submodule to
-exist in the superproject. If <path> does not exist, then the
-submodule is created by cloning from the named URL. If <path> does
-exist and is already a valid Git repository, then this is added
-to the changeset without cloning. This second form is provided
-to ease creating a new submodule from scratch, and presumes
-the user will later push the submodule to the given URL.
+The optional argument <path> is the relative location for the cloned
+submodule to exist in the superproject. If <path> is not given, the
+canonical part of the source repository is used ("repo" for
+"/path/to/repo.git" and "foo" for "host.xz:foo/.git"). If <path>
+exists and is already a valid Git repository, then it is staged
+for commit without cloning. The <path> is also used as the submodule's
+logical name in its configuration entries unless `--name` is used
+to specify a logical name.
+
-In either case, the given URL is recorded into .gitmodules for
-use by subsequent users cloning the superproject. If the URL is
-given relative to the superproject's repository, the presumption
-is the superproject and submodule repositories will be kept
-together in the same relative location, and only the
-superproject's URL needs to be provided: git-submodule will correctly
-locate the submodule using the relative URL in .gitmodules.
+The given URL is recorded into `.gitmodules` for use by subsequent users
+cloning the superproject. If the URL is given relative to the
+superproject's repository, the presumption is the superproject and
+submodule repositories will be kept together in the same relative
+location, and only the superproject's URL needs to be provided.
+git-submodule will correctly locate the submodule using the relative
+URL in `.gitmodules`.
status [--cached] [--recursive] [--] [<path>...]::
Show the status of the submodules. This will print the SHA-1 of the
@@ -118,18 +85,26 @@ too (and can also report changes to a submodule's work tree).
init [--] [<path>...]::
Initialize the submodules recorded in the index (which were
- added and committed elsewhere) by copying submodule
- names and urls from .gitmodules to .git/config.
- Optional <path> arguments limit which submodules will be initialized.
- It will also copy the value of `submodule.$name.update` into
- .git/config.
- The key used in .git/config is `submodule.$name.url`.
- This command does not alter existing information in .git/config.
- You can then customize the submodule clone URLs in .git/config
- for your local setup and proceed to `git submodule update`;
- you can also just use `git submodule update --init` without
- the explicit 'init' step if you do not intend to customize
- any submodule locations.
+ added and committed elsewhere) by setting `submodule.$name.url`
+ in .git/config. It uses the same setting from `.gitmodules` as
+ a template. If the URL is relative, it will be resolved using
+ the default remote. If there is no default remote, the current
+ repository will be assumed to be upstream.
++
+Optional <path> arguments limit which submodules will be initialized.
+If no path is specified and submodule.active has been configured, submodules
+configured to be active will be initialized, otherwise all submodules are
+initialized.
++
+When present, it will also copy the value of `submodule.$name.update`.
+This command does not alter existing information in .git/config.
+You can then customize the submodule clone URLs in .git/config
+for your local setup and proceed to `git submodule update`;
+you can also just use `git submodule update --init` without
+the explicit 'init' step if you do not intend to customize
+any submodule locations.
++
+See the add subcommand for the definition of default remote.
deinit [-f|--force] (--all|[--] <path>...)::
Unregister the given submodules, i.e. remove the whole
@@ -137,15 +112,17 @@ deinit [-f|--force] (--all|[--] <path>...)::
tree. Further calls to `git submodule update`, `git submodule foreach`
and `git submodule sync` will skip any unregistered submodules until
they are initialized again, so use this command if you don't want to
- have a local checkout of the submodule in your working tree anymore. If
- you really want to remove a submodule from the repository and commit
- that use linkgit:git-rm[1] instead.
+ have a local checkout of the submodule in your working tree anymore.
+
When the command is run without pathspec, it errors out,
instead of deinit-ing everything, to prevent mistakes.
+
If `--force` is specified, the submodule's working tree will
be removed even if it contains local modifications.
++
+If you really want to remove a submodule from the repository and commit
+that use linkgit:git-rm[1] instead. See linkgit:gitsubmodules[7] for removal
+options.
update [--init] [--remote] [-N|--no-fetch] [--[no-]recommend-shallow] [-f|--force] [--checkout|--rebase|--merge] [--reference <repository>] [--depth <depth>] [--recursive] [--jobs <n>] [--] [<path>...]::
+
@@ -185,7 +162,7 @@ configuration variable:
none;; the submodule is not updated.
If the submodule is not yet initialized, and you just want to use the
-setting as stored in .gitmodules, you can automatically initialize the
+setting as stored in `.gitmodules`, you can automatically initialize the
submodule with the `--init` option.
If `--recursive` is specified, this command will recurse into the
@@ -208,7 +185,7 @@ foreach [--recursive] <command>::
Evaluates an arbitrary shell command in each checked out submodule.
The command has access to the variables $name, $path, $sha1 and
$toplevel:
- $name is the name of the relevant submodule section in .gitmodules,
+ $name is the name of the relevant submodule section in `.gitmodules`,
$path is the name of the submodule directory relative to the
superproject, $sha1 is the commit as recorded in the superproject,
and $toplevel is the absolute path to the top-level of the superproject.
@@ -230,7 +207,7 @@ git submodule foreach 'echo $path `git rev-parse HEAD`'
sync [--recursive] [--] [<path>...]::
Synchronizes submodules' remote URL configuration setting
- to the value specified in .gitmodules. It will only affect those
+ to the value specified in `.gitmodules`. It will only affect those
submodules which already have a URL entry in .git/config (that is the
case when they are initialized or freshly added). This is useful when
submodule URLs change upstream and you need to update your local
@@ -401,7 +378,7 @@ for linkgit:git-clone[1]'s `--reference` and `--shared` options carefully.
--[no-]recommend-shallow::
This option is only valid for the update command.
The initial clone of a submodule will use the recommended
- `submodule.<name>.shallow` as provided by the .gitmodules file
+ `submodule.<name>.shallow` as provided by the `.gitmodules` file
by default. To ignore the suggestions use `--no-recommend-shallow`.
-j <n>::
@@ -417,12 +394,16 @@ for linkgit:git-clone[1]'s `--reference` and `--shared` options carefully.
FILES
-----
-When initializing submodules, a .gitmodules file in the top-level directory
+When initializing submodules, a `.gitmodules` file in the top-level directory
of the containing repository is used to find the url of each submodule.
This file should be formatted in the same way as `$GIT_DIR/config`. The key
to each submodule url is "submodule.$name.url". See linkgit:gitmodules[5]
for details.
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:gitsubmodules[7], linkgit:gitmodules[5].
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-svn.txt b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
index 9bee9b0..aa2aeab 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-svn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
@@ -95,6 +95,10 @@ If you still want the old default, you can get it by passing
`--prefix ""` on the command line (`--prefix=""` may not work if
your Perl's Getopt::Long is < v2.37).
+--ignore-refs=<regex>;;
+ When passed to 'init' or 'clone' this regular expression will
+ be preserved as a config key. See 'fetch' for a description
+ of `--ignore-refs`.
--ignore-paths=<regex>;;
When passed to 'init' or 'clone' this regular expression will
be preserved as a config key. See 'fetch' for a description
@@ -138,6 +142,18 @@ the same local time zone.
--parent;;
Fetch only from the SVN parent of the current HEAD.
+--ignore-refs=<regex>;;
+ Ignore refs for branches or tags matching the Perl regular
+ expression. A "negative look-ahead assertion" like
+ `^refs/remotes/origin/(?!tags/wanted-tag|wanted-branch).*$`
+ can be used to allow only certain refs.
++
+[verse]
+config key: svn-remote.<name>.ignore-refs
++
+If the ignore-refs configuration key is set, and the command-line
+option is also given, both regular expressions will be used.
+
--ignore-paths=<regex>;;
This allows one to specify a Perl regular expression that will
cause skipping of all matching paths from checkout from SVN.
@@ -443,6 +459,21 @@ Any other arguments are passed directly to 'git log'
(URL) may be omitted if you are working from a 'git svn'-aware
repository (that has been `init`-ed with 'git svn').
The -r<revision> option is required for this.
++
+The commit message is supplied either directly with the `-m` or `-F`
+option, or indirectly from the tag or commit when the second tree-ish
+denotes such an object, or it is requested by invoking an editor (see
+`--edit` option below).
+
+-m <msg>;;
+--message=<msg>;;
+ Use the given `msg` as the commit message. This option
+ disables the `--edit` option.
+
+-F <filename>;;
+--file=<filename>;;
+ Take the commit message from the given file. This option
+ disables the `--edit` option.
'info'::
Shows information about a file or directory similar to what
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
index 525737a..d97aad3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
@@ -12,9 +12,10 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git tag' [-a | -s | -u <keyid>] [-f] [-m <msg> | -F <file>]
<tagname> [<commit> | <object>]
'git tag' -d <tagname>...
-'git tag' [-n[<num>]] -l [--contains <commit>] [--points-at <object>]
- [--column[=<options>] | --no-column] [--create-reflog] [--sort=<key>]
- [--format=<format>] [--[no-]merged [<commit>]] [<pattern>...]
+'git tag' [-n[<num>]] -l [--contains <commit>] [--no-contains <commit>]
+ [--points-at <object>] [--column[=<options>] | --no-column]
+ [--create-reflog] [--sort=<key>] [--format=<format>]
+ [--[no-]merged [<commit>]] [<pattern>...]
'git tag' -v [--format=<format>] <tagname>...
DESCRIPTION
@@ -82,18 +83,24 @@ OPTIONS
-n<num>::
<num> specifies how many lines from the annotation, if any,
- are printed when using -l.
- The default is not to print any annotation lines.
- If no number is given to `-n`, only the first line is printed.
- If the tag is not annotated, the commit message is displayed instead.
-
--l <pattern>::
---list <pattern>::
- List tags with names that match the given pattern (or all if no
- pattern is given). Running "git tag" without arguments also
- lists all tags. The pattern is a shell wildcard (i.e., matched
- using fnmatch(3)). Multiple patterns may be given; if any of
- them matches, the tag is shown.
+ are printed when using -l. Implies `--list`.
++
+The default is not to print any annotation lines.
+If no number is given to `-n`, only the first line is printed.
+If the tag is not annotated, the commit message is displayed instead.
+
+-l::
+--list::
+ List tags. With optional `<pattern>...`, e.g. `git tag --list
+ 'v-*'`, list only the tags that match the pattern(s).
++
+Running "git tag" without arguments also lists all tags. The pattern
+is a shell wildcard (i.e., matched using fnmatch(3)). Multiple
+patterns may be given; if any of them matches, the tag is shown.
++
+This option is implicitly supplied if any other list-like option such
+as `--contains` is provided. See the documentation for each of those
+options for details.
--sort=<key>::
Sort based on the key given. Prefix `-` to sort in
@@ -122,10 +129,23 @@ This option is only applicable when listing tags without annotation lines.
--contains [<commit>]::
Only list tags which contain the specified commit (HEAD if not
- specified).
+ specified). Implies `--list`.
+
+--no-contains [<commit>]::
+ Only list tags which don't contain the specified commit (HEAD if
+ not specified). Implies `--list`.
+
+--merged [<commit>]::
+ Only list tags whose commits are reachable from the specified
+ commit (`HEAD` if not specified), incompatible with `--no-merged`.
+
+--no-merged [<commit>]::
+ Only list tags whose commits are not reachable from the specified
+ commit (`HEAD` if not specified), incompatible with `--merged`.
--points-at <object>::
- Only list tags of the given object.
+ Only list tags of the given object (HEAD if not
+ specified). Implies `--list`.
-m <msg>::
--message=<msg>::
@@ -173,11 +193,6 @@ This option is only applicable when listing tags without annotation lines.
that of linkgit:git-for-each-ref[1]. When unspecified,
defaults to `%(refname:strip=2)`.
---[no-]merged [<commit>]::
- Only list tags whose tips are reachable, or not reachable
- if `--no-merged` is used, from the specified commit (`HEAD`
- if not specified).
-
CONFIGURATION
-------------
By default, 'git tag' in sign-with-default mode (-s) will use your
@@ -190,6 +205,9 @@ it in the repository configuration as follows:
signingKey = <gpg-keyid>
-------------------------------------
+`pager.tag` is only respected when listing tags, i.e., when `-l` is
+used or implied. The default is to use a pager.
+See linkgit:git-config[1].
DISCUSSION
----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tools.txt b/Documentation/git-tools.txt
index 2f4ff50..d0fec4c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tools.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tools.txt
@@ -7,4 +7,4 @@ maintained here. These days, however, search engines fill that role much
more efficiently, so this manually-maintained list has been retired.
See also the `contrib/` area, and the Git wiki:
-http://git.or.cz/gitwiki/InterfacesFrontendsAndTools
+https://git.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/InterfacesFrontendsAndTools
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
index 7386c93..1579abf 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
@@ -163,14 +163,16 @@ may not support it yet.
--split-index::
--no-split-index::
- Enable or disable split index mode. If enabled, the index is
- split into two files, $GIT_DIR/index and $GIT_DIR/sharedindex.<SHA-1>.
- Changes are accumulated in $GIT_DIR/index while the shared
- index file contains all index entries stays unchanged. If
- split-index mode is already enabled and `--split-index` is
- given again, all changes in $GIT_DIR/index are pushed back to
- the shared index file. This mode is designed for very large
- indexes that take a significant amount of time to read or write.
+ Enable or disable split index mode. If split-index mode is
+ already enabled and `--split-index` is given again, all
+ changes in $GIT_DIR/index are pushed back to the shared index
+ file.
++
+These options take effect whatever the value of the `core.splitIndex`
+configuration variable (see linkgit:git-config[1]). But a warning is
+emitted when the change goes against the configured value, as the
+configured value will take effect next time the index is read and this
+will remove the intended effect of the option.
--untracked-cache::
--no-untracked-cache::
@@ -388,6 +390,31 @@ Although this bit looks similar to assume-unchanged bit, its goal is
different from assume-unchanged bit's. Skip-worktree also takes
precedence over assume-unchanged bit when both are set.
+Split index
+-----------
+
+This mode is designed for repositories with very large indexes, and
+aims at reducing the time it takes to repeatedly write these indexes.
+
+In this mode, the index is split into two files, $GIT_DIR/index and
+$GIT_DIR/sharedindex.<SHA-1>. Changes are accumulated in
+$GIT_DIR/index, the split index, while the shared index file contains
+all index entries and stays unchanged.
+
+All changes in the split index are pushed back to the shared index
+file when the number of entries in the split index reaches a level
+specified by the splitIndex.maxPercentChange config variable (see
+linkgit:git-config[1]).
+
+Each time a new shared index file is created, the old shared index
+files are deleted if their modification time is older than what is
+specified by the splitIndex.sharedIndexExpire config variable (see
+linkgit:git-config[1]).
+
+To avoid deleting a shared index file that is still used, its
+modification time is updated to the current time everytime a new split
+index based on the shared index file is either created or read from.
+
Untracked cache
---------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-worktree.txt b/Documentation/git-worktree.txt
index 553cf84..b472acc 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-worktree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-worktree.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-worktree - Manage multiple working trees
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git worktree add' [-f] [--detach] [--checkout] [-b <new-branch>] <path> [<branch>]
+'git worktree add' [-f] [--detach] [--checkout] [--lock] [-b <new-branch>] <path> [<branch>]
'git worktree list' [--porcelain]
'git worktree lock' [--reason <string>] <worktree>
'git worktree prune' [-n] [-v] [--expire <expire>]
@@ -107,6 +107,11 @@ OPTIONS
such as configuring sparse-checkout. See "Sparse checkout"
in linkgit:git-read-tree[1].
+--lock::
+ Keep the working tree locked after creation. This is the
+ equivalent of `git worktree lock` after `git worktree add`,
+ but without race condition.
+
-n::
--dry-run::
With `prune`, do not remove anything; just report what it would
diff --git a/Documentation/git.txt b/Documentation/git.txt
index aa895da..7dd5e03 100644
--- a/Documentation/git.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git.txt
@@ -35,498 +35,6 @@ manual page gives you an overview of the command-line command syntax.
A formatted and hyperlinked copy of the latest Git documentation
can be viewed at `https://git.github.io/htmldocs/git.html`.
-ifdef::stalenotes[]
-[NOTE]
-============
-
-You are reading the documentation for the latest (possibly
-unreleased) version of Git, that is available from the 'master'
-branch of the `git.git` repository.
-Documentation for older releases are available here:
-
-* link:v2.12.0/git.html[documentation for release 2.12.0]
-
-* release notes for
- link:RelNotes/2.12.0.txt[2.12].
-
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-
-* release notes for
- link:RelNotes/2.11.1.txt[2.11.1],
- link:RelNotes/2.11.0.txt[2.11].
-
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-
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- link:RelNotes/2.10.1.txt[2.10.1],
- link:RelNotes/2.10.0.txt[2.10].
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-
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-* release notes for
- link:RelNotes/1.5.4.7.txt[1.5.4.7],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.4.6.txt[1.5.4.6],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.4.5.txt[1.5.4.5],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.4.4.txt[1.5.4.4],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.4.3.txt[1.5.4.3],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.4.2.txt[1.5.4.2],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.4.1.txt[1.5.4.1],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.4.txt[1.5.4].
-
-* link:v1.5.3.8/git.html[documentation for release 1.5.3.8]
-
-* release notes for
- link:RelNotes/1.5.3.8.txt[1.5.3.8],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.3.7.txt[1.5.3.7],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.3.6.txt[1.5.3.6],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.3.5.txt[1.5.3.5],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.3.4.txt[1.5.3.4],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.3.3.txt[1.5.3.3],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.3.2.txt[1.5.3.2],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.3.1.txt[1.5.3.1],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.3.txt[1.5.3].
-
-* link:v1.5.2.5/git.html[documentation for release 1.5.2.5]
-
-* release notes for
- link:RelNotes/1.5.2.5.txt[1.5.2.5],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.2.4.txt[1.5.2.4],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.2.3.txt[1.5.2.3],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.2.2.txt[1.5.2.2],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt[1.5.2.1],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.2.txt[1.5.2].
-
-* link:v1.5.1.6/git.html[documentation for release 1.5.1.6]
-
-* release notes for
- link:RelNotes/1.5.1.6.txt[1.5.1.6],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.1.5.txt[1.5.1.5],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.1.4.txt[1.5.1.4],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.1.3.txt[1.5.1.3],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.1.2.txt[1.5.1.2],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.1.1.txt[1.5.1.1],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.1.txt[1.5.1].
-
-* link:v1.5.0.7/git.html[documentation for release 1.5.0.7]
-
-* release notes for
- link:RelNotes/1.5.0.7.txt[1.5.0.7],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.0.6.txt[1.5.0.6],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.0.5.txt[1.5.0.5],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.0.3.txt[1.5.0.3],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.0.2.txt[1.5.0.2],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.0.1.txt[1.5.0.1],
- link:RelNotes/1.5.0.txt[1.5.0].
-
-* documentation for release link:v1.4.4.4/git.html[1.4.4.4],
- link:v1.3.3/git.html[1.3.3],
- link:v1.2.6/git.html[1.2.6],
- link:v1.0.13/git.html[1.0.13].
-
-============
-
-endif::stalenotes[]
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -1025,6 +533,12 @@ Usually it is easier to configure any desired options through your
personal `.ssh/config` file. Please consult your ssh documentation
for further details.
+`GIT_SSH_VARIANT`::
+ If this environment variable is set, it overrides Git's autodetection
+ whether `GIT_SSH`/`GIT_SSH_COMMAND`/`core.sshCommand` refer to OpenSSH,
+ plink or tortoiseplink. This variable overrides the config setting
+ `ssh.variant` that serves the same purpose.
+
`GIT_ASKPASS`::
If this environment variable is set, then Git commands which need to
acquire passwords or passphrases (e.g. for HTTP or IMAP authentication)
diff --git a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
index e0b66c1..c4f2be2 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
@@ -21,9 +21,11 @@ Each line in `gitattributes` file is of form:
pattern attr1 attr2 ...
That is, a pattern followed by an attributes list,
-separated by whitespaces. When the pattern matches the
-path in question, the attributes listed on the line are given to
-the path.
+separated by whitespaces. Leading and trailing whitespaces are
+ignored. Lines that begin with '#' are ignored. Patterns
+that begin with a double quote are quoted in C style.
+When the pattern matches the path in question, the attributes
+listed on the line are given to the path.
Each attribute can be in one of these states for a given path:
@@ -86,7 +88,7 @@ is either not set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/attributes is used instead.
Attributes for all users on a system should be placed in the
`$(prefix)/etc/gitattributes` file.
-Sometimes you would need to override an setting of an attribute
+Sometimes you would need to override a setting of an attribute
for a path to `Unspecified` state. This can be done by listing
the name of the attribute prefixed with an exclamation point `!`.
@@ -227,11 +229,9 @@ From a clean working directory:
-------------------------------------------------
$ echo "* text=auto" >.gitattributes
-$ rm .git/index # Remove the index to force Git to
-$ git reset # re-scan the working directory
+$ git read-tree --empty # Clean index, force re-scan of working directory
+$ git add .
$ git status # Show files that will be normalized
-$ git add -u
-$ git add .gitattributes
$ git commit -m "Introduce end-of-line normalization"
-------------------------------------------------
@@ -425,8 +425,8 @@ packet: git< capability=clean
packet: git< capability=smudge
packet: git< 0000
------------------------
-Supported filter capabilities in version 2 are "clean" and
-"smudge".
+Supported filter capabilities in version 2 are "clean", "smudge",
+and "delay".
Afterwards Git sends a list of "key=value" pairs terminated with
a flush packet. The list will contain at least the filter command
@@ -512,12 +512,73 @@ the protocol then Git will stop the filter process and restart it
with the next file that needs to be processed. Depending on the
`filter.<driver>.required` flag Git will interpret that as error.
-After the filter has processed a blob it is expected to wait for
-the next "key=value" list containing a command. Git will close
+After the filter has processed a command it is expected to wait for
+a "key=value" list containing the next command. Git will close
the command pipe on exit. The filter is expected to detect EOF
and exit gracefully on its own. Git will wait until the filter
process has stopped.
+Delay
+^^^^^
+
+If the filter supports the "delay" capability, then Git can send the
+flag "can-delay" after the filter command and pathname. This flag
+denotes that the filter can delay filtering the current blob (e.g. to
+compensate network latencies) by responding with no content but with
+the status "delayed" and a flush packet.
+------------------------
+packet: git> command=smudge
+packet: git> pathname=path/testfile.dat
+packet: git> can-delay=1
+packet: git> 0000
+packet: git> CONTENT
+packet: git> 0000
+packet: git< status=delayed
+packet: git< 0000
+------------------------
+
+If the filter supports the "delay" capability then it must support the
+"list_available_blobs" command. If Git sends this command, then the
+filter is expected to return a list of pathnames representing blobs
+that have been delayed earlier and are now available.
+The list must be terminated with a flush packet followed
+by a "success" status that is also terminated with a flush packet. If
+no blobs for the delayed paths are available, yet, then the filter is
+expected to block the response until at least one blob becomes
+available. The filter can tell Git that it has no more delayed blobs
+by sending an empty list. As soon as the filter responds with an empty
+list, Git stops asking. All blobs that Git has not received at this
+point are considered missing and will result in an error.
+
+------------------------
+packet: git> command=list_available_blobs
+packet: git> 0000
+packet: git< pathname=path/testfile.dat
+packet: git< pathname=path/otherfile.dat
+packet: git< 0000
+packet: git< status=success
+packet: git< 0000
+------------------------
+
+After Git received the pathnames, it will request the corresponding
+blobs again. These requests contain a pathname and an empty content
+section. The filter is expected to respond with the smudged content
+in the usual way as explained above.
+------------------------
+packet: git> command=smudge
+packet: git> pathname=path/testfile.dat
+packet: git> 0000
+packet: git> 0000 # empty content!
+packet: git< status=success
+packet: git< 0000
+packet: git< SMUDGED_CONTENT
+packet: git< 0000
+packet: git< 0000 # empty list, keep "status=success" unchanged!
+------------------------
+
+Example
+^^^^^^^
+
A long running filter demo implementation can be found in
`contrib/long-running-filter/example.pl` located in the Git
core repository. If you develop your own long running filter
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcli.txt b/Documentation/gitcli.txt
index dfe7d83..9f13266 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcli.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcli.txt
@@ -194,7 +194,7 @@ different things.
* The `--index` option is used to ask a command that
usually works on files in the working tree to *also*
affect the index. For example, `git stash apply` usually
- merges changes recorded in a stash to the working tree,
+ merges changes recorded in a stash entry to the working tree,
but with the `--index` option, it also merges changes to
the index as well.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
index 3a0ec8c..7577f27 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
@@ -1429,7 +1429,7 @@ Although Git is a truly distributed system, it is often
convenient to organize your project with an informal hierarchy
of developers. Linux kernel development is run this way. There
is a nice illustration (page 17, "Merges to Mainline") in
-http://www.xenotime.net/linux/mentor/linux-mentoring-2006.pdf[Randy Dunlap's presentation].
+https://web.archive.org/web/20120915203609/http://www.xenotime.net/linux/mentor/linux-mentoring-2006.pdf[Randy Dunlap's presentation].
It should be stressed that this hierarchy is purely *informal*.
There is nothing fundamental in Git that enforces the "chain of
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt b/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
index f3a75d1..f970196 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
@@ -101,16 +101,6 @@ $ git help credential-foo
$ git config --global credential.helper foo
-------------------------------------------
-If there are multiple instances of the `credential.helper` configuration
-variable, each helper will be tried in turn, and may provide a username,
-password, or nothing. Once Git has acquired both a username and a
-password, no more helpers will be tried.
-
-If `credential.helper` is configured to the empty string, this resets
-the helper list to empty (so you may override a helper set by a
-lower-priority config file by configuring the empty-string helper,
-followed by whatever set of helpers you would like).
-
CREDENTIAL CONTEXTS
-------------------
@@ -162,6 +152,16 @@ helper::
shell (so, for example, setting this to `foo --option=bar` will execute
`git credential-foo --option=bar` via the shell. See the manual of
specific helpers for examples of their use.
++
+If there are multiple instances of the `credential.helper` configuration
+variable, each helper will be tried in turn, and may provide a username,
+password, or nothing. Once Git has acquired both a username and a
+password, no more helpers will be tried.
++
+If `credential.helper` is configured to the empty string, this resets
+the helper list to empty (so you may override a helper set by a
+lower-priority config file by configuring the empty-string helper,
+followed by whatever set of helpers you would like).
username::
diff --git a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
index 46bc6d0..c0a60f3 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
@@ -84,8 +84,8 @@ format sections of the manual for 'git diff-{asterisk}' commands) or
diff-patch format.
-diffcore-break: For Splitting Up "Complete Rewrites"
-----------------------------------------------------
+diffcore-break: For Splitting Up Complete Rewrites
+--------------------------------------------------
The second transformation in the chain is diffcore-break, and is
controlled by the -B option to the 'git diff-{asterisk}' commands. This is
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@ the original is used), and can be customized by giving a number
after "-B" option (e.g. "-B75" to tell it to use 75%).
-diffcore-rename: For Detection Renames and Copies
+diffcore-rename: For Detecting Renames and Copies
-------------------------------------------------
This transformation is used to detect renames and copies, and is
@@ -177,8 +177,8 @@ the expense of making it slower. Without `--find-copies-harder`,
copied happened to have been modified in the same changeset.
-diffcore-merge-broken: For Putting "Complete Rewrites" Back Together
---------------------------------------------------------------------
+diffcore-merge-broken: For Putting Complete Rewrites Back Together
+------------------------------------------------------------------
This transformation is used to merge filepairs broken by
diffcore-break, and not transformed into rename/copy by
diff --git a/Documentation/githooks.txt b/Documentation/githooks.txt
index 9565dc3..623ed1a 100644
--- a/Documentation/githooks.txt
+++ b/Documentation/githooks.txt
@@ -22,8 +22,10 @@ changed via the `core.hooksPath` configuration variable (see
linkgit:git-config[1]).
Before Git invokes a hook, it changes its working directory to either
-the root of the working tree in a non-bare repository, or to the
-$GIT_DIR in a bare repository.
+$GIT_DIR in a bare repository or the root of the working tree in a non-bare
+repository. An exception are hooks triggered during a push ('pre-receive',
+'update', 'post-receive', 'post-update', 'push-to-checkout') which are always
+executed in $GIT_DIR.
Hooks can get their arguments via the environment, command-line
arguments, and stdin. See the documentation for each hook below for
@@ -119,8 +121,8 @@ it is not suppressed by the `--no-verify` option. A non-zero exit
means a failure of the hook and aborts the commit. It should not
be used as replacement for pre-commit hook.
-The sample `prepare-commit-msg` hook that comes with Git comments
-out the `Conflicts:` part of a merge's commit message.
+The sample `prepare-commit-msg` hook that comes with Git removes the
+help message found in the commented portion of the commit template.
commit-msg
~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -256,6 +258,9 @@ environment variables will not be set. If the client selects
to use push options, but doesn't transmit any, the count variable
will be set to zero, `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT=0`.
+See the section on "Quarantine Environment" in
+linkgit:git-receive-pack[1] for some caveats.
+
[[update]]
update
~~~~~~
@@ -442,6 +447,14 @@ rebase::
The commits are guaranteed to be listed in the order that they were
processed by rebase.
+sendemail-validate
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+This hook is invoked by 'git send-email'. It takes a single parameter,
+the name of the file that holds the e-mail to be sent. Exiting with a
+non-zero status causes 'git send-email' to abort before sending any
+e-mails.
+
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
index 8f7c50f..db5d47e 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
@@ -66,17 +66,26 @@ submodule.<name>.fetchRecurseSubmodules::
submodule.<name>.ignore::
Defines under what circumstances "git status" and the diff family show
- a submodule as modified. When set to "all", it will never be considered
- modified (but will nonetheless show up in the output of status and
- commit when it has been staged), "dirty" will ignore all changes
- to the submodules work tree and
- takes only differences between the HEAD of the submodule and the commit
- recorded in the superproject into account. "untracked" will additionally
- let submodules with modified tracked files in their work tree show up.
- Using "none" (the default when this option is not set) also shows
- submodules that have untracked files in their work tree as changed.
- If this option is also present in the submodules entry in .git/config of
- the superproject, the setting there will override the one found in
+ a submodule as modified. The following values are supported:
+
+ all;; The submodule will never be considered modified (but will
+ nonetheless show up in the output of status and commit when it has
+ been staged).
+
+ dirty;; All changes to the submodule's work tree will be ignored, only
+ committed differences between the HEAD of the submodule and its
+ recorded state in the superproject are taken into account.
+
+ untracked;; Only untracked files in submodules will be ignored.
+ Committed differences and modifications to tracked files will show
+ up.
+
+ none;; No modifiations to submodules are ignored, all of committed
+ differences, and modifications to tracked and untracked files are
+ shown. This is the default option.
+
+ If this option is also present in the submodules entry in .git/config
+ of the superproject, the setting there will override the one found in
.gitmodules.
Both settings can be overridden on the command line by using the
"--ignore-submodule" option. The 'git submodule' commands are not
@@ -84,8 +93,8 @@ submodule.<name>.ignore::
submodule.<name>.shallow::
When set to true, a clone of this submodule will be performed as a
- shallow clone unless the user explicitly asks for a non-shallow
- clone.
+ shallow clone (with a history depth of 1) unless the user explicitly
+ asks for a non-shallow clone.
EXAMPLES
diff --git a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
index e4b785e..4a584f3 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
@@ -463,7 +463,7 @@ set by Git if the remote helper has the 'option' capability.
GPG sign pushes.
'option push-option <string>::
- Transmit <string> as a push option. As the a push option
+ Transmit <string> as a push option. As the push option
must not contain LF or NUL characters, the string is not encoded.
SEE ALSO
diff --git a/Documentation/gitsubmodules.txt b/Documentation/gitsubmodules.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..46cf120
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/gitsubmodules.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,221 @@
+gitsubmodules(7)
+================
+
+NAME
+----
+gitsubmodules - mounting one repository inside another
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+ .gitmodules, $GIT_DIR/config
+------------------
+git submodule
+git <command> --recurse-submodules
+------------------
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+A submodule is a repository embedded inside another repository.
+The submodule has its own history; the repository it is embedded
+in is called a superproject.
+
+On the filesystem, a submodule usually (but not always - see FORMS below)
+consists of (i) a Git directory located under the `$GIT_DIR/modules/`
+directory of its superproject, (ii) a working directory inside the
+superproject's working directory, and a `.git` file at the root of
+the submodule’s working directory pointing to (i).
+
+Assuming the submodule has a Git directory at `$GIT_DIR/modules/foo/`
+and a working directory at `path/to/bar/`, the superproject tracks the
+submodule via a `gitlink` entry in the tree at `path/to/bar` and an entry
+in its `.gitmodules` file (see linkgit:gitmodules[5]) of the form
+`submodule.foo.path = path/to/bar`.
+
+The `gitlink` entry contains the object name of the commit that the
+superproject expects the submodule’s working directory to be at.
+
+The section `submodule.foo.*` in the `.gitmodules` file gives additional
+hints to Gits porcelain layer such as where to obtain the submodule via
+the `submodule.foo.url` setting.
+
+Submodules can be used for at least two different use cases:
+
+1. Using another project while maintaining independent history.
+ Submodules allow you to contain the working tree of another project
+ within your own working tree while keeping the history of both
+ projects separate. Also, since submodules are fixed to an arbitrary
+ version, the other project can be independently developed without
+ affecting the superproject, allowing the superproject project to
+ fix itself to new versions only when desired.
+
+2. Splitting a (logically single) project into multiple
+ repositories and tying them back together. This can be used to
+ overcome current limitations of Gits implementation to have
+ finer grained access:
+
+ * Size of the git repository:
+ In its current form Git scales up poorly for large repositories containing
+ content that is not compressed by delta computation between trees.
+ However you can also use submodules to e.g. hold large binary assets
+ and these repositories are then shallowly cloned such that you do not
+ have a large history locally.
+ * Transfer size:
+ In its current form Git requires the whole working tree present. It
+ does not allow partial trees to be transferred in fetch or clone.
+ * Access control:
+ By restricting user access to submodules, this can be used to implement
+ read/write policies for different users.
+
+The configuration of submodules
+-------------------------------
+
+Submodule operations can be configured using the following mechanisms
+(from highest to lowest precedence):
+
+ * The command line for those commands that support taking submodule specs.
+ Most commands have a boolean flag '--recurse-submodules' whether to
+ recurse into submodules. Examples are `ls-files` or `checkout`.
+ Some commands take enums, such as `fetch` and `push`, where you can
+ specify how submodules are affected.
+
+ * The configuration inside the submodule. This includes `$GIT_DIR/config`
+ in the submodule, but also settings in the tree such as a `.gitattributes`
+ or `.gitignore` files that specify behavior of commands inside the
+ submodule.
++
+For example an effect from the submodule's `.gitignore` file
+would be observed when you run `git status --ignore-submodules=none` in
+the superproject. This collects information from the submodule's working
+directory by running `status` in the submodule, which does pay attention
+to its `.gitignore` file.
++
+The submodule's `$GIT_DIR/config` file would come into play when running
+`git push --recurse-submodules=check` in the superproject, as this would
+check if the submodule has any changes not published to any remote. The
+remotes are configured in the submodule as usual in the `$GIT_DIR/config`
+file.
+
+ * The configuration file `$GIT_DIR/config` in the superproject.
+ Typical configuration at this place is controlling if a submodule
+ is recursed into at all via the `active` flag for example.
++
+If the submodule is not yet initialized, then the configuration
+inside the submodule does not exist yet, so configuration where to
+obtain the submodule from is configured here for example.
+
+ * the `.gitmodules` file inside the superproject. Additionally to the
+ required mapping between submodule's name and path, a project usually
+ uses this file to suggest defaults for the upstream collection
+ of repositories.
++
+This file mainly serves as the mapping between name and path in
+the superproject, such that the submodule's git directory can be
+located.
++
+If the submodule has never been initialized, this is the only place
+where submodule configuration is found. It serves as the last fallback
+to specify where to obtain the submodule from.
+
+FORMS
+-----
+
+Submodules can take the following forms:
+
+ * The basic form described in DESCRIPTION with a Git directory,
+a working directory, a `gitlink`, and a `.gitmodules` entry.
+
+ * "Old-form" submodule: A working directory with an embedded
+`.git` directory, and the tracking `gitlink` and `.gitmodules` entry in
+the superproject. This is typically found in repositories generated
+using older versions of Git.
++
+It is possible to construct these old form repositories manually.
++
+When deinitialized or deleted (see below), the submodule’s Git
+directory is automatically moved to `$GIT_DIR/modules/<name>/`
+of the superproject.
+
+ * Deinitialized submodule: A `gitlink`, and a `.gitmodules` entry,
+but no submodule working directory. The submodule’s git directory
+may be there as after deinitializing the git directory is kept around.
+The directory which is supposed to be the working directory is empty instead.
++
+A submodule can be deinitialized by running `git submodule deinit`.
+Besides emptying the working directory, this command only modifies
+the superproject’s `$GIT_DIR/config` file, so the superproject’s history
+is not affected. This can be undone using `git submodule init`.
+
+ * Deleted submodule: A submodule can be deleted by running
+`git rm <submodule path> && git commit`. This can be undone
+using `git revert`.
++
+The deletion removes the superproject’s tracking data, which are
+both the `gitlink` entry and the section in the `.gitmodules` file.
+The submodule’s working directory is removed from the file
+system, but the Git directory is kept around as it to make it
+possible to checkout past commits without requiring fetching
+from another repository.
++
+To completely remove a submodule, manually delete
+`$GIT_DIR/modules/<name>/`.
+
+Workflow for a third party library
+----------------------------------
+
+ # add a submodule
+ git submodule add <url> <path>
+
+ # occasionally update the submodule to a new version:
+ git -C <path> checkout <new version>
+ git add <path>
+ git commit -m "update submodule to new version"
+
+ # See the list of submodules in a superproject
+ git submodule status
+
+ # See FORMS on removing submodules
+
+
+Workflow for an artificially split repo
+--------------------------------------
+
+ # Enable recursion for relevant commands, such that
+ # regular commands recurse into submodules by default
+ git config --global submodule.recurse true
+
+ # Unlike the other commands below clone still needs
+ # its own recurse flag:
+ git clone --recurse <URL> <directory>
+ cd <directory>
+
+ # Get to know the code:
+ git grep foo
+ git ls-files
+
+ # Get new code
+ git fetch
+ git pull --rebase
+
+ # change worktree
+ git checkout
+ git reset
+
+Implementation details
+----------------------
+
+When cloning or pulling a repository containing submodules the submodules
+will not be checked out by default; You can instruct 'clone' to recurse
+into submodules. The 'init' and 'update' subcommands of 'git submodule'
+will maintain submodules checked out and at an appropriate revision in
+your working tree. Alternatively you can set 'submodule.recurse' to have
+'checkout' recursing into submodules.
+
+
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:git-submodule[1], linkgit:gitmodules[5].
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
index e632089..9c8982e 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
@@ -368,8 +368,8 @@ $logo_url::
$logo_label::
URI and label (title) for the Git logo link (or your site logo,
if you chose to use different logo image). By default, these both
- refer to Git homepage, http://git-scm.com[]; in the past, they pointed
- to Git documentation at http://www.kernel.org[].
+ refer to Git homepage, https://git-scm.com[]; in the past, they pointed
+ to Git documentation at https://www.kernel.org[].
Changing gitweb's look
diff --git a/Documentation/gitweb.txt b/Documentation/gitweb.txt
index 96156e5..8845058 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitweb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitweb.txt
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ separator (rules for Perl's "`split(" ", $line)`").
* Fields use modified URI encoding, defined in RFC 3986, section 2.1
(Percent-Encoding), or rather "Query string encoding" (see
-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Query_string#URL_encoding[]), the difference
+https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Query_string#URL_encoding[]), the difference
being that SP (" ") can be encoded as "{plus}" (and therefore "{plus}" has to be
also percent-encoded).
+
diff --git a/Documentation/glossary-content.txt b/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
index 8ad29e6..b71b943 100644
--- a/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
+++ b/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
@@ -384,10 +384,33 @@ full pathname may have special meaning:
+
Glob magic is incompatible with literal magic.
+attr;;
+After `attr:` comes a space separated list of "attribute
+requirements", all of which must be met in order for the
+path to be considered a match; this is in addition to the
+usual non-magic pathspec pattern matching.
+See linkgit:gitattributes[5].
++
+Each of the attribute requirements for the path takes one of
+these forms:
+
+- "`ATTR`" requires that the attribute `ATTR` be set.
+
+- "`-ATTR`" requires that the attribute `ATTR` be unset.
+
+- "`ATTR=VALUE`" requires that the attribute `ATTR` be
+ set to the string `VALUE`.
+
+- "`!ATTR`" requires that the attribute `ATTR` be
+ unspecified.
++
+
exclude;;
After a path matches any non-exclude pathspec, it will be run
- through all exclude pathspec (magic signature: `!`). If it
- matches, the path is ignored.
+ through all exclude pathspec (magic signature: `!` or its
+ synonym `^`). If it matches, the path is ignored. When there
+ is no non-exclude pathspec, the exclusion is applied to the
+ result set as if invoked without any pathspec.
--
[[def_parent]]parent::
@@ -547,6 +570,10 @@ The most notable example is `HEAD`.
is created by giving the `--depth` option to linkgit:git-clone[1], and
its history can be later deepened with linkgit:git-fetch[1].
+[[def_stash]]stash entry::
+ An <<def_object,object>> used to temporarily store the contents of a
+ <<def_dirty,dirty>> working directory and the index for future reuse.
+
[[def_submodule]]submodule::
A <<def_repository,repository>> that holds the history of a
separate project inside another repository (the latter of
diff --git a/Documentation/howto/rebuild-from-update-hook.txt b/Documentation/howto/rebuild-from-update-hook.txt
index 25378f6..db219f5 100644
--- a/Documentation/howto/rebuild-from-update-hook.txt
+++ b/Documentation/howto/rebuild-from-update-hook.txt
@@ -4,13 +4,13 @@ From: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Date: Fri, 26 Aug 2005 18:19:10 -0700
Abstract: In this how-to article, JC talks about how he
uses the post-update hook to automate Git documentation page
- shown at http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/.
+ shown at https://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/.
Content-type: text/asciidoc
How to rebuild from update hook
===============================
-The pages under http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/
+The pages under https://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/
are built from Documentation/ directory of the git.git project
and needed to be kept up-to-date. The www.kernel.org/ servers
are mirrored and I was told that the origin of the mirror is on
diff --git a/Documentation/i18n.txt b/Documentation/i18n.txt
index 2dd79db..7e36e5b 100644
--- a/Documentation/i18n.txt
+++ b/Documentation/i18n.txt
@@ -42,11 +42,11 @@ mind.
+
------------
[i18n]
- commitencoding = ISO-8859-1
+ commitEncoding = ISO-8859-1
------------
+
Commit objects created with the above setting record the value
-of `i18n.commitencoding` in its `encoding` header. This is to
+of `i18n.commitEncoding` in its `encoding` header. This is to
help other people who look at them later. Lack of this header
implies that the commit log message is encoded in UTF-8.
@@ -54,15 +54,15 @@ implies that the commit log message is encoded in UTF-8.
`encoding` header of a commit object, and try to re-code the
log message into UTF-8 unless otherwise specified. You can
specify the desired output encoding with
- `i18n.logoutputencoding` in `.git/config` file, like this:
+ `i18n.logOutputEncoding` in `.git/config` file, like this:
+
------------
[i18n]
- logoutputencoding = ISO-8859-1
+ logOutputEncoding = ISO-8859-1
------------
+
If you do not have this configuration variable, the value of
-`i18n.commitencoding` is used instead.
+`i18n.commitEncoding` is used instead.
Note that we deliberately chose not to re-code the commit log
message when a commit is made to force UTF-8 at the commit
diff --git a/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt b/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
index 47b286b..973d196 100644
--- a/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
@@ -173,12 +173,17 @@ endif::git-rev-list[]
- '%Cblue': switch color to blue
- '%Creset': reset color
- '%C(...)': color specification, as described under Values in the
- "CONFIGURATION FILE" section of linkgit:git-config[1];
- adding `auto,` at the beginning will emit color only when colors are
- enabled for log output (by `color.diff`, `color.ui`, or `--color`, and
- respecting the `auto` settings of the former if we are going to a
- terminal). `auto` alone (i.e. `%C(auto)`) will turn on auto coloring
- on the next placeholders until the color is switched again.
+ "CONFIGURATION FILE" section of linkgit:git-config[1].
+ By default, colors are shown only when enabled for log output (by
+ `color.diff`, `color.ui`, or `--color`, and respecting the `auto`
+ settings of the former if we are going to a terminal). `%C(auto,...)`
+ is accepted as a historical synonym for the default (e.g.,
+ `%C(auto,red)`). Specifying `%C(always,...) will show the colors
+ even when color is not otherwise enabled (though consider
+ just using `--color=always` to enable color for the whole output,
+ including this format and anything else git might color). `auto`
+ alone (i.e. `%C(auto)`) will turn on auto coloring on the next
+ placeholders until the color is switched again.
- '%m': left (`<`), right (`>`) or boundary (`-`) mark
- '%n': newline
- '%%': a raw '%'
@@ -199,7 +204,7 @@ endif::git-rev-list[]
than given and there are spaces on its left, use those spaces
- '%><(<N>)', '%><|(<N>)': similar to '% <(<N>)', '%<|(<N>)'
respectively, but padding both sides (i.e. the text is centered)
--%(trailers): display the trailers of the body as interpreted by
+- %(trailers): display the trailers of the body as interpreted by
linkgit:git-interpret-trailers[1]
NOTE: Some placeholders may depend on other options given to the
@@ -213,8 +218,8 @@ If you add a `+` (plus sign) after '%' of a placeholder, a line-feed
is inserted immediately before the expansion if and only if the
placeholder expands to a non-empty string.
-If you add a `-` (minus sign) after '%' of a placeholder, line-feeds that
-immediately precede the expansion are deleted if and only if the
+If you add a `-` (minus sign) after '%' of a placeholder, all consecutive
+line-feeds immediately preceding the expansion are deleted if and only if the
placeholder expands to an empty string.
If you add a ` ` (space) after '%' of a placeholder, a space
diff --git a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
index a02f732..a6cf9eb 100644
--- a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
@@ -91,9 +91,14 @@ endif::git-rev-list[]
Consider the limiting patterns to be fixed strings (don't interpret
pattern as a regular expression).
+-P::
--perl-regexp::
- Consider the limiting patterns to be Perl-compatible regular expressions.
- Requires libpcre to be compiled in.
+ Consider the limiting patterns to be Perl-compatible regular
+ expressions.
++
+Support for these types of regular expressions is an optional
+compile-time dependency. If Git wasn't compiled with support for them
+providing this option will cause it to die.
--remove-empty::
Stop when a given path disappears from the tree.
@@ -764,7 +769,8 @@ timezone value.
1970). As with `--raw`, this is always in UTC and therefore `-local`
has no effect.
+
-`--date=format:...` feeds the format `...` to your system `strftime`.
+`--date=format:...` feeds the format `...` to your system `strftime`,
+except for %z and %Z, which are handled internally.
Use `--date=format:%c` to show the date in your system locale's
preferred format. See the `strftime` manual for a complete list of
format placeholders. When using `-local`, the correct syntax is
diff --git a/Documentation/revisions.txt b/Documentation/revisions.txt
index ba11b9c..6127746 100644
--- a/Documentation/revisions.txt
+++ b/Documentation/revisions.txt
@@ -96,7 +96,8 @@ some output processing may assume ref names in UTF-8.
refers to the branch that the branch specified by branchname is set to build on
top of (configured with `branch.<name>.remote` and
`branch.<name>.merge`). A missing branchname defaults to the
- current one.
+ current one. These suffixes are also accepted when spelled in uppercase, and
+ they mean the same thing no matter the case.
'<branchname>@\{push\}', e.g. 'master@\{push\}', '@\{push\}'::
The suffix '@\{push}' reports the branch "where we would push to" if
@@ -122,6 +123,9 @@ refs/remotes/myfork/mybranch
Note in the example that we set up a triangular workflow, where we pull
from one location and push to another. In a non-triangular workflow,
'@\{push}' is the same as '@\{upstream}', and there is no need for it.
++
+This suffix is also accepted when spelled in uppercase, and means the same
+thing no matter the case.
'<rev>{caret}', e.g. 'HEAD{caret}, v1.5.1{caret}0'::
A suffix '{caret}' to a revision parameter means the first parent of
@@ -291,7 +295,7 @@ The 'r1{caret}@' notation means all parents of 'r1'.
The 'r1{caret}!' notation includes commit 'r1' but excludes all of its parents.
By itself, this notation denotes the single commit 'r1'.
-The '<rev>{caret}-{<n>}' notation includes '<rev>' but excludes the <n>th
+The '<rev>{caret}-<n>' notation includes '<rev>' but excludes the <n>th
parent (i.e. a shorthand for '<rev>{caret}<n>..<rev>'), with '<n>' = 1 if
not given. This is typically useful for merge commits where you
can just pass '<commit>{caret}-' to get all the commits in the branch
@@ -333,7 +337,7 @@ Revision Range Summary
as giving commit '<rev>' and then all its parents prefixed with
'{caret}' to exclude them (and their ancestors).
-'<rev>{caret}-{<n>}', e.g. 'HEAD{caret}-, HEAD{caret}-2'::
+'<rev>{caret}-<n>', e.g. 'HEAD{caret}-, HEAD{caret}-2'::
Equivalent to '<rev>{caret}<n>..<rev>', with '<n>' = 1 if not
given.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-builtin.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-builtin.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index 22a39b9..0000000
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-builtin.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,73 +0,0 @@
-builtin API
-===========
-
-Adding a new built-in
----------------------
-
-There are 4 things to do to add a built-in command implementation to
-Git:
-
-. Define the implementation of the built-in command `foo` with
- signature:
-
- int cmd_foo(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
-
-. Add the external declaration for the function to `builtin.h`.
-
-. Add the command to the `commands[]` table defined in `git.c`.
- The entry should look like:
-
- { "foo", cmd_foo, <options> },
-+
-where options is the bitwise-or of:
-
-`RUN_SETUP`::
- If there is not a Git directory to work on, abort. If there
- is a work tree, chdir to the top of it if the command was
- invoked in a subdirectory. If there is no work tree, no
- chdir() is done.
-
-`RUN_SETUP_GENTLY`::
- If there is a Git directory, chdir as per RUN_SETUP, otherwise,
- don't chdir anywhere.
-
-`USE_PAGER`::
-
- If the standard output is connected to a tty, spawn a pager and
- feed our output to it.
-
-`NEED_WORK_TREE`::
-
- Make sure there is a work tree, i.e. the command cannot act
- on bare repositories.
- This only makes sense when `RUN_SETUP` is also set.
-
-. Add `builtin/foo.o` to `BUILTIN_OBJS` in `Makefile`.
-
-Additionally, if `foo` is a new command, there are 3 more things to do:
-
-. Add tests to `t/` directory.
-
-. Write documentation in `Documentation/git-foo.txt`.
-
-. Add an entry for `git-foo` to `command-list.txt`.
-
-. Add an entry for `/git-foo` to `.gitignore`.
-
-
-How a built-in is called
-------------------------
-
-The implementation `cmd_foo()` takes three parameters, `argc`, `argv,
-and `prefix`. The first two are similar to what `main()` of a
-standalone command would be called with.
-
-When `RUN_SETUP` is specified in the `commands[]` table, and when you
-were started from a subdirectory of the work tree, `cmd_foo()` is called
-after chdir(2) to the top of the work tree, and `prefix` gets the path
-to the subdirectory the command started from. This allows you to
-convert a user-supplied pathname (typically relative to that directory)
-to a pathname relative to the top of the work tree.
-
-The return value from `cmd_foo()` becomes the exit status of the
-command.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt
index 7f8e78d..6c77b49 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt
@@ -33,6 +33,12 @@ The notable options are:
Similar to `DIR_SHOW_IGNORED`, but return ignored files in `ignored[]`
in addition to untracked files in `entries[]`.
+`DIR_KEEP_UNTRACKED_CONTENTS`:::
+
+ Only has meaning if `DIR_SHOW_IGNORED_TOO` is also set; if this is set, the
+ untracked contents of untracked directories are also returned in
+ `entries[]`.
+
`DIR_COLLECT_IGNORED`:::
Special mode for git-add. Return ignored files in `ignored[]` and
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-gitattributes.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-gitattributes.txt
index 2602668..e7cbb7c 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-gitattributes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-gitattributes.txt
@@ -16,10 +16,15 @@ Data Structure
of no interest to the calling programs. The name of the
attribute can be retrieved by calling `git_attr_name()`.
-`struct git_attr_check`::
+`struct attr_check_item`::
- This structure represents a set of attributes to check in a call
- to `git_check_attr()` function, and receives the results.
+ This structure represents one attribute and its value.
+
+`struct attr_check`::
+
+ This structure represents a collection of `attr_check_item`.
+ It is passed to `git_check_attr()` function, specifying the
+ attributes to check, and receives their values.
Attribute Values
@@ -27,7 +32,7 @@ Attribute Values
An attribute for a path can be in one of four states: Set, Unset,
Unspecified or set to a string, and `.value` member of `struct
-git_attr_check` records it. There are three macros to check these:
+attr_check_item` records it. There are three macros to check these:
`ATTR_TRUE()`::
@@ -48,49 +53,51 @@ value of the attribute for the path.
Querying Specific Attributes
----------------------------
-* Prepare an array of `struct git_attr_check` to define the list of
- attributes you would want to check. To populate this array, you would
- need to define necessary attributes by calling `git_attr()` function.
+* Prepare `struct attr_check` using attr_check_initl()
+ function, enumerating the names of attributes whose values you are
+ interested in, terminated with a NULL pointer. Alternatively, an
+ empty `struct attr_check` can be prepared by calling
+ `attr_check_alloc()` function and then attributes you want to
+ ask about can be added to it with `attr_check_append()`
+ function.
* Call `git_check_attr()` to check the attributes for the path.
-* Inspect `git_attr_check` structure to see how each of the attribute in
- the array is defined for the path.
+* Inspect `attr_check` structure to see how each of the
+ attribute in the array is defined for the path.
Example
-------
-To see how attributes "crlf" and "indent" are set for different paths.
+To see how attributes "crlf" and "ident" are set for different paths.
-. Prepare an array of `struct git_attr_check` with two elements (because
- we are checking two attributes). Initialize their `attr` member with
- pointers to `struct git_attr` obtained by calling `git_attr()`:
+. Prepare a `struct attr_check` with two elements (because
+ we are checking two attributes):
------------
-static struct git_attr_check check[2];
+static struct attr_check *check;
static void setup_check(void)
{
- if (check[0].attr)
+ if (check)
return; /* already done */
- check[0].attr = git_attr("crlf");
- check[1].attr = git_attr("ident");
+ check = attr_check_initl("crlf", "ident", NULL);
}
------------
-. Call `git_check_attr()` with the prepared array of `struct git_attr_check`:
+. Call `git_check_attr()` with the prepared `struct attr_check`:
------------
const char *path;
setup_check();
- git_check_attr(path, ARRAY_SIZE(check), check);
+ git_check_attr(path, check);
------------
-. Act on `.value` member of the result, left in `check[]`:
+. Act on `.value` member of the result, left in `check->items[]`:
------------
- const char *value = check[0].value;
+ const char *value = check->items[0].value;
if (ATTR_TRUE(value)) {
The attribute is Set, by listing only the name of the
@@ -109,20 +116,39 @@ static void setup_check(void)
}
------------
+To see how attributes in argv[] are set for different paths, only
+the first step in the above would be different.
+
+------------
+static struct attr_check *check;
+static void setup_check(const char **argv)
+{
+ check = attr_check_alloc();
+ while (*argv) {
+ struct git_attr *attr = git_attr(*argv);
+ attr_check_append(check, attr);
+ argv++;
+ }
+}
+------------
+
Querying All Attributes
-----------------------
To get the values of all attributes associated with a file:
-* Call `git_all_attrs()`, which returns an array of `git_attr_check`
- structures.
+* Prepare an empty `attr_check` structure by calling
+ `attr_check_alloc()`.
+
+* Call `git_all_attrs()`, which populates the `attr_check`
+ with the attributes attached to the path.
-* Iterate over the `git_attr_check` array to examine the attribute
- names and values. The name of the attribute described by a
- `git_attr_check` object can be retrieved via
- `git_attr_name(check[i].attr)`. (Please note that no items will be
- returned for unset attributes, so `ATTR_UNSET()` will return false
- for all returned `git_array_check` objects.)
+* Iterate over the `attr_check.items[]` array to examine
+ the attribute names and values. The name of the attribute
+ described by a `attr_check.items[]` object can be retrieved via
+ `git_attr_name(check->items[i].attr)`. (Please note that no items
+ will be returned for unset attributes, so `ATTR_UNSET()` will return
+ false for all returned `attr_check.items[]` objects.)
-* Free the `git_array_check` array.
+* Free the `attr_check` struct by calling `attr_check_free()`.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-hashmap.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-hashmap.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index a3f020c..0000000
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-hashmap.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,287 +0,0 @@
-hashmap API
-===========
-
-The hashmap API is a generic implementation of hash-based key-value mappings.
-
-Data Structures
----------------
-
-`struct hashmap`::
-
- The hash table structure. Members can be used as follows, but should
- not be modified directly:
-+
-The `size` member keeps track of the total number of entries (0 means the
-hashmap is empty).
-+
-`tablesize` is the allocated size of the hash table. A non-0 value indicates
-that the hashmap is initialized. It may also be useful for statistical purposes
-(i.e. `size / tablesize` is the current load factor).
-+
-`cmpfn` stores the comparison function specified in `hashmap_init()`. In
-advanced scenarios, it may be useful to change this, e.g. to switch between
-case-sensitive and case-insensitive lookup.
-
-`struct hashmap_entry`::
-
- An opaque structure representing an entry in the hash table, which must
- be used as first member of user data structures. Ideally it should be
- followed by an int-sized member to prevent unused memory on 64-bit
- systems due to alignment.
-+
-The `hash` member is the entry's hash code and the `next` member points to the
-next entry in case of collisions (i.e. if multiple entries map to the same
-bucket).
-
-`struct hashmap_iter`::
-
- An iterator structure, to be used with hashmap_iter_* functions.
-
-Types
------
-
-`int (*hashmap_cmp_fn)(const void *entry, const void *entry_or_key, const void *keydata)`::
-
- User-supplied function to test two hashmap entries for equality. Shall
- return 0 if the entries are equal.
-+
-This function is always called with non-NULL `entry` / `entry_or_key`
-parameters that have the same hash code. When looking up an entry, the `key`
-and `keydata` parameters to hashmap_get and hashmap_remove are always passed
-as second and third argument, respectively. Otherwise, `keydata` is NULL.
-
-Functions
----------
-
-`unsigned int strhash(const char *buf)`::
-`unsigned int strihash(const char *buf)`::
-`unsigned int memhash(const void *buf, size_t len)`::
-`unsigned int memihash(const void *buf, size_t len)`::
-
- Ready-to-use hash functions for strings, using the FNV-1 algorithm (see
- http://www.isthe.com/chongo/tech/comp/fnv).
-+
-`strhash` and `strihash` take 0-terminated strings, while `memhash` and
-`memihash` operate on arbitrary-length memory.
-+
-`strihash` and `memihash` are case insensitive versions.
-
-`unsigned int sha1hash(const unsigned char *sha1)`::
-
- Converts a cryptographic hash (e.g. SHA-1) into an int-sized hash code
- for use in hash tables. Cryptographic hashes are supposed to have
- uniform distribution, so in contrast to `memhash()`, this just copies
- the first `sizeof(int)` bytes without shuffling any bits. Note that
- the results will be different on big-endian and little-endian
- platforms, so they should not be stored or transferred over the net.
-
-`void hashmap_init(struct hashmap *map, hashmap_cmp_fn equals_function, size_t initial_size)`::
-
- Initializes a hashmap structure.
-+
-`map` is the hashmap to initialize.
-+
-The `equals_function` can be specified to compare two entries for equality.
-If NULL, entries are considered equal if their hash codes are equal.
-+
-If the total number of entries is known in advance, the `initial_size`
-parameter may be used to preallocate a sufficiently large table and thus
-prevent expensive resizing. If 0, the table is dynamically resized.
-
-`void hashmap_free(struct hashmap *map, int free_entries)`::
-
- Frees a hashmap structure and allocated memory.
-+
-`map` is the hashmap to free.
-+
-If `free_entries` is true, each hashmap_entry in the map is freed as well
-(using stdlib's free()).
-
-`void hashmap_entry_init(void *entry, unsigned int hash)`::
-
- Initializes a hashmap_entry structure.
-+
-`entry` points to the entry to initialize.
-+
-`hash` is the hash code of the entry.
-+
-The hashmap_entry structure does not hold references to external resources,
-and it is safe to just discard it once you are done with it (i.e. if
-your structure was allocated with xmalloc(), you can just free(3) it,
-and if it is on stack, you can just let it go out of scope).
-
-`void *hashmap_get(const struct hashmap *map, const void *key, const void *keydata)`::
-
- Returns the hashmap entry for the specified key, or NULL if not found.
-+
-`map` is the hashmap structure.
-+
-`key` is a hashmap_entry structure (or user data structure that starts with
-hashmap_entry) that has at least been initialized with the proper hash code
-(via `hashmap_entry_init`).
-+
-If an entry with matching hash code is found, `key` and `keydata` are passed
-to `hashmap_cmp_fn` to decide whether the entry matches the key.
-
-`void *hashmap_get_from_hash(const struct hashmap *map, unsigned int hash, const void *keydata)`::
-
- Returns the hashmap entry for the specified hash code and key data,
- or NULL if not found.
-+
-`map` is the hashmap structure.
-+
-`hash` is the hash code of the entry to look up.
-+
-If an entry with matching hash code is found, `keydata` is passed to
-`hashmap_cmp_fn` to decide whether the entry matches the key. The
-`entry_or_key` parameter points to a bogus hashmap_entry structure that
-should not be used in the comparison.
-
-`void *hashmap_get_next(const struct hashmap *map, const void *entry)`::
-
- Returns the next equal hashmap entry, or NULL if not found. This can be
- used to iterate over duplicate entries (see `hashmap_add`).
-+
-`map` is the hashmap structure.
-+
-`entry` is the hashmap_entry to start the search from, obtained via a previous
-call to `hashmap_get` or `hashmap_get_next`.
-
-`void hashmap_add(struct hashmap *map, void *entry)`::
-
- Adds a hashmap entry. This allows to add duplicate entries (i.e.
- separate values with the same key according to hashmap_cmp_fn).
-+
-`map` is the hashmap structure.
-+
-`entry` is the entry to add.
-
-`void *hashmap_put(struct hashmap *map, void *entry)`::
-
- Adds or replaces a hashmap entry. If the hashmap contains duplicate
- entries equal to the specified entry, only one of them will be replaced.
-+
-`map` is the hashmap structure.
-+
-`entry` is the entry to add or replace.
-+
-Returns the replaced entry, or NULL if not found (i.e. the entry was added).
-
-`void *hashmap_remove(struct hashmap *map, const void *key, const void *keydata)`::
-
- Removes a hashmap entry matching the specified key. If the hashmap
- contains duplicate entries equal to the specified key, only one of
- them will be removed.
-+
-`map` is the hashmap structure.
-+
-`key` is a hashmap_entry structure (or user data structure that starts with
-hashmap_entry) that has at least been initialized with the proper hash code
-(via `hashmap_entry_init`).
-+
-If an entry with matching hash code is found, `key` and `keydata` are
-passed to `hashmap_cmp_fn` to decide whether the entry matches the key.
-+
-Returns the removed entry, or NULL if not found.
-
-`void hashmap_iter_init(struct hashmap *map, struct hashmap_iter *iter)`::
-`void *hashmap_iter_next(struct hashmap_iter *iter)`::
-`void *hashmap_iter_first(struct hashmap *map, struct hashmap_iter *iter)`::
-
- Used to iterate over all entries of a hashmap. Note that it is
- not safe to add or remove entries to the hashmap while
- iterating.
-+
-`hashmap_iter_init` initializes a `hashmap_iter` structure.
-+
-`hashmap_iter_next` returns the next hashmap_entry, or NULL if there are no
-more entries.
-+
-`hashmap_iter_first` is a combination of both (i.e. initializes the iterator
-and returns the first entry, if any).
-
-`const char *strintern(const char *string)`::
-`const void *memintern(const void *data, size_t len)`::
-
- Returns the unique, interned version of the specified string or data,
- similar to the `String.intern` API in Java and .NET, respectively.
- Interned strings remain valid for the entire lifetime of the process.
-+
-Can be used as `[x]strdup()` or `xmemdupz` replacement, except that interned
-strings / data must not be modified or freed.
-+
-Interned strings are best used for short strings with high probability of
-duplicates.
-+
-Uses a hashmap to store the pool of interned strings.
-
-Usage example
--------------
-
-Here's a simple usage example that maps long keys to double values.
-------------
-struct hashmap map;
-
-struct long2double {
- struct hashmap_entry ent; /* must be the first member! */
- long key;
- double value;
-};
-
-static int long2double_cmp(const struct long2double *e1, const struct long2double *e2, const void *unused)
-{
- return !(e1->key == e2->key);
-}
-
-void long2double_init(void)
-{
- hashmap_init(&map, (hashmap_cmp_fn) long2double_cmp, 0);
-}
-
-void long2double_free(void)
-{
- hashmap_free(&map, 1);
-}
-
-static struct long2double *find_entry(long key)
-{
- struct long2double k;
- hashmap_entry_init(&k, memhash(&key, sizeof(long)));
- k.key = key;
- return hashmap_get(&map, &k, NULL);
-}
-
-double get_value(long key)
-{
- struct long2double *e = find_entry(key);
- return e ? e->value : 0;
-}
-
-void set_value(long key, double value)
-{
- struct long2double *e = find_entry(key);
- if (!e) {
- e = malloc(sizeof(struct long2double));
- hashmap_entry_init(e, memhash(&key, sizeof(long)));
- e->key = key;
- hashmap_add(&map, e);
- }
- e->value = value;
-}
-------------
-
-Using variable-sized keys
--------------------------
-
-The `hashmap_entry_get` and `hashmap_entry_remove` functions expect an ordinary
-`hashmap_entry` structure as key to find the correct entry. If the key data is
-variable-sized (e.g. a FLEX_ARRAY string) or quite large, it is undesirable
-to create a full-fledged entry structure on the heap and copy all the key data
-into the structure.
-
-In this case, the `keydata` parameter can be used to pass
-variable-sized key data directly to the comparison function, and the `key`
-parameter can be a stripped-down, fixed size entry structure allocated on the
-stack.
-
-See test-hashmap.c for an example using arbitrary-length strings as keys.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-oid-array.txt
index dcc5294..b0c11f8 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-oid-array.txt
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
-sha1-array API
+oid-array API
==============
-The sha1-array API provides storage and manipulation of sets of SHA-1
+The oid-array API provides storage and manipulation of sets of object
identifiers. The emphasis is on storage and processing efficiency,
making them suitable for large lists. Note that the ordering of items is
not preserved over some operations.
@@ -9,10 +9,10 @@ not preserved over some operations.
Data Structures
---------------
-`struct sha1_array`::
+`struct oid_array`::
- A single array of SHA-1 hashes. This should be initialized by
- assignment from `SHA1_ARRAY_INIT`. The `sha1` member contains
+ A single array of object IDs. This should be initialized by
+ assignment from `OID_ARRAY_INIT`. The `oid` member contains
the actual data. The `nr` member contains the number of items in
the set. The `alloc` and `sorted` members are used internally,
and should not be needed by API callers.
@@ -20,22 +20,22 @@ Data Structures
Functions
---------
-`sha1_array_append`::
- Add an item to the set. The sha1 will be placed at the end of
+`oid_array_append`::
+ Add an item to the set. The object ID will be placed at the end of
the array (but note that some operations below may lose this
ordering).
-`sha1_array_lookup`::
- Perform a binary search of the array for a specific sha1.
+`oid_array_lookup`::
+ Perform a binary search of the array for a specific object ID.
If found, returns the offset (in number of elements) of the
- sha1. If not found, returns a negative integer. If the array is
- not sorted, this function has the side effect of sorting it.
+ object ID. If not found, returns a negative integer. If the array
+ is not sorted, this function has the side effect of sorting it.
-`sha1_array_clear`::
+`oid_array_clear`::
Free all memory associated with the array and return it to the
initial, empty state.
-`sha1_array_for_each_unique`::
+`oid_array_for_each_unique`::
Efficiently iterate over each unique element of the list,
executing the callback function for each one. If the array is
not sorted, this function has the side effect of sorting it. If
@@ -47,25 +47,25 @@ Examples
--------
-----------------------------------------
-int print_callback(const unsigned char sha1[20],
+int print_callback(const struct object_id *oid,
void *data)
{
- printf("%s\n", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
+ printf("%s\n", oid_to_hex(oid));
return 0; /* always continue */
}
void some_func(void)
{
- struct sha1_array hashes = SHA1_ARRAY_INIT;
- unsigned char sha1[20];
+ struct sha1_array hashes = OID_ARRAY_INIT;
+ struct object_id oid;
/* Read objects into our set */
- while (read_object_from_stdin(sha1))
- sha1_array_append(&hashes, sha1);
+ while (read_object_from_stdin(oid.hash))
+ oid_array_append(&hashes, &oid);
/* Check if some objects are in our set */
- while (read_object_from_stdin(sha1)) {
- if (sha1_array_lookup(&hashes, sha1) >= 0)
+ while (read_object_from_stdin(oid.hash)) {
+ if (oid_array_lookup(&hashes, &oid) >= 0)
printf("it's in there!\n");
/*
@@ -75,6 +75,6 @@ void some_func(void)
* Instead, this will sort once and then skip duplicates
* in linear time.
*/
- sha1_array_for_each_unique(&hashes, print_callback, NULL);
+ oid_array_for_each_unique(&hashes, print_callback, NULL);
}
-----------------------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
index 27bd701..829b558 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
@@ -168,6 +168,11 @@ There are some macros to easily define options:
Introduce an option with string argument.
The string argument is put into `str_var`.
+`OPT_STRING_LIST(short, long, &struct string_list, arg_str, description)`::
+ Introduce an option with string argument.
+ The string argument is stored as an element in `string_list`.
+ Use of `--no-option` will clear the list of preceding values.
+
`OPT_INTEGER(short, long, &int_var, description)`::
Introduce an option with integer argument.
The integer is put into `int_var`.
@@ -178,13 +183,13 @@ There are some macros to easily define options:
scale the provided value by 1024, 1024^2 or 1024^3 respectively.
The scaled value is put into `unsigned_long_var`.
-`OPT_DATE(short, long, &int_var, description)`::
+`OPT_DATE(short, long, &timestamp_t_var, description)`::
Introduce an option with date argument, see `approxidate()`.
- The timestamp is put into `int_var`.
+ The timestamp is put into `timestamp_t_var`.
-`OPT_EXPIRY_DATE(short, long, &int_var, description)`::
+`OPT_EXPIRY_DATE(short, long, &timestamp_t_var, description)`::
Introduce an option with expiry date argument, see `parse_expiry_date()`.
- The timestamp is put into `int_var`.
+ The timestamp is put into `timestamp_t_var`.
`OPT_CALLBACK(short, long, &var, arg_str, description, func_ptr)`::
Introduce an option with argument.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt b/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
index c59ac99..a349171 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
@@ -351,14 +351,19 @@ ACK after 'done' if there is at least one common base and multi_ack or
multi_ack_detailed is enabled. The server always sends NAK after 'done'
if there is no common base found.
+Instead of 'ACK' or 'NAK', the server may send an error message (for
+example, if it does not recognize an object in a 'want' line received
+from the client).
+
Then the server will start sending its packfile data.
----
- server-response = *ack_multi ack / nak
+ server-response = *ack_multi ack / nak / error-line
ack_multi = PKT-LINE("ACK" SP obj-id ack_status)
ack_status = "continue" / "common" / "ready"
ack = PKT-LINE("ACK" SP obj-id)
nak = PKT-LINE("NAK")
+ error-line = PKT-LINE("ERR" SP explanation-text)
----
A simple clone may look like this (with no 'have' lines):
@@ -468,13 +473,10 @@ that it wants to update, it sends a line listing the obj-id currently on
the server, the obj-id the client would like to update it to and the name
of the reference.
-This list is followed by a flush-pkt. Then the push options are transmitted
-one per packet followed by another flush-pkt. After that the packfile that
-should contain all the objects that the server will need to complete the new
-references will be sent.
+This list is followed by a flush-pkt.
----
- update-request = *shallow ( command-list | push-cert ) [packfile]
+ update-requests = *shallow ( command-list | push-cert )
shallow = PKT-LINE("shallow" SP obj-id)
@@ -495,12 +497,35 @@ references will be sent.
PKT-LINE("pusher" SP ident LF)
PKT-LINE("pushee" SP url LF)
PKT-LINE("nonce" SP nonce LF)
+ *PKT-LINE("push-option" SP push-option LF)
PKT-LINE(LF)
*PKT-LINE(command LF)
*PKT-LINE(gpg-signature-lines LF)
PKT-LINE("push-cert-end" LF)
- packfile = "PACK" 28*(OCTET)
+ push-option = 1*( VCHAR | SP )
+----
+
+If the server has advertised the 'push-options' capability and the client has
+specified 'push-options' as part of the capability list above, the client then
+sends its push options followed by a flush-pkt.
+
+----
+ push-options = *PKT-LINE(push-option) flush-pkt
+----
+
+For backwards compatibility with older Git servers, if the client sends a push
+cert and push options, it MUST send its push options both embedded within the
+push cert and after the push cert. (Note that the push options within the cert
+are prefixed, but the push options after the cert are not.) Both these lists
+MUST be the same, modulo the prefix.
+
+After that the packfile that
+should contain all the objects that the server will need to complete the new
+references will be sent.
+
+----
+ packfile = "PACK" 28*(OCTET)
----
If the receiving end does not support delete-refs, the sending end MUST