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-rw-r--r--Documentation/CodingGuidelines23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.6.txt34
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.9.5.txt34
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.0.5.txt34
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.4.txt34
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt138
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.1.txt34
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.2.txt63
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt300
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt52
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt79
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt39
-rw-r--r--Documentation/SubmittingPatches24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/config.txt89
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-format.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-add.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-am.txt15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-apply.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clean.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clone.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential-store.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-export.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-import.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-notes.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-push.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-list.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-email.txt28
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-stripspace.txt1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-submodule.txt66
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-index.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git.txt57
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitignore.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitmodules.txt21
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gittutorial.txt19
-rw-r--r--Documentation/rev-list-options.txt19
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/index-format.txt2
48 files changed, 1167 insertions, 234 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index 894546d..0f8cccf 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -413,6 +413,29 @@ Error Messages
- Say what the error is first ("cannot open %s", not "%s: cannot open")
+Externally Visible Names
+
+ - For configuration variable names, follow the existing convention:
+
+ . The section name indicates the affected subsystem.
+
+ . The subsection name, if any, indicates which of an unbounded set
+ of things to set the value for.
+
+ . The variable name describes the effect of tweaking this knob.
+
+ The section and variable names that consist of multiple words are
+ formed by concatenating the words without punctuations (e.g. `-`),
+ and are broken using bumpyCaps in documentation as a hint to the
+ reader.
+
+ When choosing the variable namespace, do not use variable name for
+ specifying possibly unbounded set of things, most notably anything
+ an end user can freely come up with (e.g. branch names). Instead,
+ use subsection names or variable values, like the existing variable
+ branch.<name>.description does.
+
+
Writing Documentation:
Most (if not all) of the documentation pages are written in the
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index 2f6b6aa..3e39e28 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ ASCIIDOC_HTML = xhtml11
ASCIIDOC_DOCBOOK = docbook
ASCIIDOC_CONF = -f asciidoc.conf
ASCIIDOC_COMMON = $(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) $(ASCIIDOC_CONF) \
- -agit-version=$(GIT_VERSION)
+ -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION)
TXT_TO_HTML = $(ASCIIDOC_COMMON) -b $(ASCIIDOC_HTML)
TXT_TO_XML = $(ASCIIDOC_COMMON) -b $(ASCIIDOC_DOCBOOK)
MANPAGE_XSL = manpage-normal.xsl
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..92ff92b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v1.8.5.6 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.5.5
+--------------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+ running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+ such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+ would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+ the user would have expected. Git now prevents you from tracking
+ a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+ are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+ ".git/config". HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+ codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+ it were ".git/config". Pathnames with these potential issues are
+ rejected on the affected systems. Git on systems that are not
+ affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+ reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+ projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+ be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+ set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+ rejected. Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+ filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+ insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.9.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.9.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8d6ac0c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.9.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v1.9.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v1.9.4
+------------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+ running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+ such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+ would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+ the user would have expected. Git now prevents you from tracking
+ a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+ are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+ ".git/config". HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+ codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+ it were ".git/config". Pathnames with these potential issues are
+ rejected on the affected systems. Git on systems that are not
+ affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+ reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+ projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+ be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+ set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+ rejected. Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+ filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+ insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.0.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.0.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3a16f69
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.0.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v2.0.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.0.4
+------------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+ running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+ such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+ would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+ the user would have expected. Git now prevents you from tracking
+ a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+ are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+ ".git/config". HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+ codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+ it were ".git/config". Pathnames with these potential issues are
+ rejected on the affected systems. Git on systems that are not
+ affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+ reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+ projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+ be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+ set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+ rejected. Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+ filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+ insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d16e5f0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v2.1.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.1.3
+------------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+ running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+ such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+ would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+ the user would have expected. Git now prevents you from tracking
+ a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+ are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+ ".git/config". HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+ codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+ it were ".git/config". Pathnames with these potential issues are
+ rejected on the affected systems. Git on systems that are not
+ affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+ reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+ projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+ be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+ set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+ rejected. Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+ filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+ insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt
index a5c3381..e98ecbc 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt
@@ -9,71 +9,72 @@ Ports
* Building on older MacOS X systems automatically sets
the necessary NO_APPLE_COMMON_CRYPTO build-time option.
- * The support to build with NO_PTHREADS has been resurrected.
+ * Building with NO_PTHREADS has been resurrected.
- * Compilation options has been updated a bit to support z/OS port
- better.
+ * Compilation options have been updated a bit to better support the
+ z/OS port.
UI, Workflows & Features
- * "git archive" learned to filter what gets archived with pathspec.
+ * "git archive" learned to filter what gets archived with a pathspec.
* "git config --edit --global" starts from a skeletal per-user
configuration file contents, instead of a total blank, when the
- user does not already have any. This immediately reduces the
- need for a later "Have you forgotten setting core.user?" and we
- can add more to the template as we gain more experience.
+ user does not already have any global config. This immediately
+ reduces the need to later ask "Have you forgotten to set
+ core.user?", and we can add more to the template as we gain
+ more experience.
* "git stash list -p" used to be almost always a no-op because each
stash entry is represented as a merge commit. It learned to show
the difference between the base commit version and the working tree
- version, which is in line with what "git show" gives.
+ version, which is in line with what "git stash show" gives.
* Sometimes users want to report a bug they experience on their
repository, but they are not at liberty to share the contents of
the repository. "fast-export" was taught an "--anonymize" option
- to replace blob contents, names of people and paths and log
+ to replace blob contents, names of people, paths and log
messages with bland and simple strings to help them.
* "git difftool" learned an option to stop feeding paths to the
diff backend when it exits with a non-zero status.
- * "git grep" allows to paint (or not paint) partial matches on
+ * "git grep" learned to paint (or not paint) partial matches on
context lines when showing "grep -C<num>" output in color.
- * "log --date=iso" uses a slight variant of ISO 8601 format that is
- made more human readable. A new "--date=iso-strict" option gives
- datetime output that is more strictly conformant.
+ * "log --date=iso" uses a slight variant of the ISO 8601 format that is
+ more human readable. A new "--date=iso-strict" option gives
+ datetime output that conforms more strictly.
* The logic "git prune" uses is more resilient against various corner
cases.
* A broken reimplementation of Git could write an invalid index that
- records both stage #0 and higher stage entries for the same path.
+ records both stage #0 and higher-stage entries for the same path.
We now notice and reject such an index, as there is no sensible
fallback (we do not know if the broken tool wanted to resolve and
- forgot to remove higher stage entries, or if it wanted to unresolve
- and forgot to remove the stage#0 entry).
+ forgot to remove the higher-stage entries, or if it wanted to unresolve
+ and forgot to remove the stage #0 entry).
- * The temporary files "git mergetool" uses are named to avoid too
+ * The temporary files "git mergetool" uses are renamed to avoid too
many dots in them (e.g. a temporary file for "hello.c" used to be
named e.g. "hello.BASE.4321.c" but now uses underscore instead,
- e.g. "hello_BASE_4321.c").
+ e.g. "hello_BASE_4321.c", to allow us to have multiple variants).
- * The temporary files "git mergetools" uses can be placed in a newly
+ * The temporary files "git mergetool" uses can be placed in a newly
created temporary directory, instead of the current directory, by
setting the mergetool.writeToTemp configuration variable.
* "git mergetool" understands "--tool bc" now, as version 4 of
BeyondCompare can be driven the same way as its version 3 and it
- feels awkward to say "--tool bc3".
+ feels awkward to say "--tool bc3" to run version 4.
* The "pre-receive" and "post-receive" hooks are no longer required
to consume their input fully (not following this requirement used
to result in intermittent errors in "git push").
- * The pretty-format specifier "%d", which expanded to " (tagname)"
+ * The pretty-format specifier "%d", which expands to " (tagname)"
for a tagged commit, gained a cousin "%D" that just gives the
"tagname" without frills.
@@ -86,17 +87,17 @@ UI, Workflows & Features
without having to "trust" the server.
* "git interpret-trailers" is a new filter to programmatically edit
- the tail end of the commit log messages.
+ the tail end of the commit log messages, e.g. "Signed-off-by:".
* "git help everyday" shows the "Everyday Git in 20 commands or so"
- document, whose contents have been updated to more modern Git
- practice.
+ document, whose contents have been updated to match more modern
+ Git practice.
- * On the "git svn" front, work to reduce memory consumption and
- to improve handling of mergeinfo progresses.
+ * On the "git svn" front, work progresses to reduce memory consumption and
+ to improve handling of mergeinfo.
-Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
* The API to manipulate the "refs" has been restructured to make it
more transactional, with the eventual goal to allow all-or-none
@@ -106,34 +107,34 @@ Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
* The lockfile API and its users have been cleaned up.
* We no longer attempt to keep track of individual dependencies to
- the header files in the build procedure, relying on automated
+ the header files in the build procedure, relying instead on automated
dependency generation support from modern compilers.
* In tests, we have been using NOT_{MINGW,CYGWIN} test prerequisites
long before negated prerequisites e.g. !MINGW were invented.
The former has been converted to the latter to avoid confusion.
- * Looking up remotes configuration in a repository with very many
- remotes defined has been optimized.
+ * Optimized looking up a remote's configuration in a repository with very many
+ remotes defined.
* There are cases where you lock and open to write a file, close it
- to show the updated contents to external processes, and then have
- to update the file again while still holding the lock, but the
- lockfile API lacked support for such an access pattern.
+ to show the updated contents to an external processes, and then have
+ to update the file again while still holding the lock; now the
+ lockfile API has support for such an access pattern.
* The API to allocate the structure to keep track of commit
decoration has been updated to make it less cumbersome to use.
* An in-core caching layer to let us avoid reading the same
- configuration files number of times has been added. A few commands
+ configuration files several times has been added. A few commands
have been converted to use this subsystem.
* Various code paths have been cleaned up and simplified by using
- "strbuf", "starts_with()", and "skip_prefix()" APIs more.
+ the "strbuf", "starts_with()", and "skip_prefix()" APIs more.
* A few codepaths that died when large blobs that would not fit in
core are involved in their operation have been taught to punt
- instead, by e.g. marking too large a blob as not to be diffed.
+ instead, by e.g. marking a too-large blob as not to be diffed.
* A few more code paths in "commit" and "checkout" have been taught
to repopulate the cache-tree in the index, to help speed up later
@@ -141,7 +142,7 @@ Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
"status").
* A common programming mistake to assign the same short option name
- to two separate options is detected by parse_options() API to help
+ to two separate options is detected by the parse_options() API to help
developers.
* The code path to write out the packed-refs file has been optimized,
@@ -153,7 +154,7 @@ Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
especially matters in a repository with a large number of existing
refs.
- * "git fsck" was taught to check contents of tag objects a bit more.
+ * "git fsck" was taught to check the contents of tag objects a bit more.
* "git hash-object" was taught a "--literally" option to help
debugging.
@@ -162,16 +163,17 @@ Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
original before feeding the filter. Instead, stream the file
contents directly to the filter and process its output.
- * The scripts in the test suite can be run with "-x" option to show
- a shell-trace of each command run in them.
+ * The scripts in the test suite can be run with the "-x" option to show
+ a shell-trace of each command they run.
* The "run-command" API learned to manage the argv and environment
- array for child process, alleviating the need for the callers to
+ arrays for child process, alleviating the need for the callers to
allocate and deallocate them.
* Some people use AsciiDoctor, instead of AsciiDoc, to format our
- documentation set; the documentation has been adjusted, as
- AsciiDoctor is pickier than AsciiDoc in its input mark-up.
+ documentation set; the documentation has been adjusted to be usable
+ by both, as AsciiDoctor is pickier than AsciiDoc about its input
+ mark-up.
Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
@@ -189,21 +191,21 @@ notes for details).
format", which was counterintuitive.
* "git -c section.var command" and "git -c section.var= command"
- should pass the configuration differently (the former should be a
+ should pass the configuration value differently (the former should be a
boolean true, the latter should be an empty string).
* Applying a patch not generated by Git in a subdirectory used to
- check the whitespace breakage using the attributes for incorrect
+ check for whitespace breakage using the attributes of incorrect
paths. Also whitespace checks were performed even for paths
- excluded via "git apply --exclude=<path>" mechanism.
+ excluded via the "git apply --exclude=<path>" mechanism.
- * "git bundle create" with date-range specification were meant to
+ * "git bundle create" with a date-range specification was meant to
exclude tags outside the range, but it didn't.
- * "git add x" where x that used to be a directory has become a
+ * "git add x" where x used to be a directory and is now a
symbolic link to a directory misbehaved.
- * The prompt script checked $GIT_DIR/ref/stash file to see if there
+ * The prompt script checked the $GIT_DIR/ref/stash file to see if there
is a stash, which was a no-no.
* Pack-protocol documentation had a minor typo.
@@ -217,7 +219,7 @@ notes for details).
(merge 107efbe rs/daemon-fixes later to maint).
* With sufficiently long refnames, "git fast-import" could have
- overflown an on-stack buffer.
+ overflowed an on-stack buffer.
* After "pack-refs --prune" packed refs at the top-level, it failed
to prune them.
@@ -232,8 +234,8 @@ notes for details).
to first check out <branch>.
(merge 95c6826 so/rebase-doc later to maint).
- * "git push" over HTTP transport had an artificial limit on number of
- refs that can be pushed imposed by the command line length.
+ * "git push" over HTTP transport had an artificial limit on the number of
+ refs that can be pushed, imposed by the command line length.
(merge 26be19b jk/send-pack-many-refspecs later to maint).
* When receiving an invalid pack stream that records the same object
@@ -248,19 +250,19 @@ notes for details).
detached HEAD as a starting point to traverse objects still in use.
(merge c40fdd0 mk/reachable-protect-detached-head later to maint).
- * "git config --add section.var val" used to lose existing
- section.var whose value was an empty string.
+ * "git config --add section.var val" when section.var already has an
+ empty-string value used to lose the empty-string value.
(merge c1063be ta/config-add-to-empty-or-true-fix later to maint).
* "git fsck" failed to report that it found corrupt objects via its
exit status in some cases.
(merge 30d1038 jk/fsck-exit-code-fix later to maint).
- * Use of "--verbose" option used to break "git branch --merged".
+ * Use of the "--verbose" option used to break "git branch --merged".
(merge 12994dd jk/maint-branch-verbose-merged later to maint).
- * Some MUAs mangled a line in a message that begins with "From " to
- ">From " when writing to a mailbox file and feeding such an input
+ * Some MUAs mangle a line in a message that begins with "From " to
+ ">From " when writing to a mailbox file, and feeding such an input
to "git am" used to lose such a line.
(merge 85de86a jk/mbox-from-line later to maint).
@@ -273,8 +275,8 @@ notes for details).
coding guidelines.
(merge 1c4b660 da/include-compat-util-first-in-c later to maint).
- * t7004 test, which tried to run Git with small stack space, has been
- updated to give a bit larger stack to avoid false breakage on some
+ * The t7004 test, which tried to run Git with small stack space, has been
+ updated to use a bit larger stack to avoid false breakage on some
platforms.
(merge b9a1907 sk/tag-contains-wo-recursion later to maint).
@@ -287,11 +289,25 @@ notes for details).
CGI.pm as of 4.04; use CGI::start_from instead.
(merge 4750f4b rm/gitweb-start-form later to maint).
- * Newer versions of 'meld' breaks the auto-detection we use to see if
+ * Newer versions of 'meld' break the auto-detection we use to see if
they are new enough to support the `--output` option.
(merge b12d045 da/mergetool-meld later to maint).
- * "git pack-objects" forgot to disable the codepath to generate
+ * "git pack-objects" forgot to disable the codepath to generate the
object reachability bitmap when it needs to split the resulting
pack.
(merge 2113471 jk/pack-objects-no-bitmap-when-splitting later to maint).
+
+ * The code to use cache-tree trusted the on-disk data too much and
+ fell into an infinite loop upon seeing an incorrectly recorded
+ index file.
+ (merge 729dbbd jk/cache-tree-protect-from-broken-libgit2 later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch" into a repository where branch B was deleted earlier,
+ back when it had reflog enabled, and then branch B/C is fetched
+ into it without reflog enabled, which is arguably an unlikely
+ corner case, unnecessarily failed.
+ (merge aae828b jk/fetch-reflog-df-conflict later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --first-parent -L..." used to crash.
+ (merge a8787c5 tm/line-log-first-parent later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d5a3cd9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v2.2.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.2
+----------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+ running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+ such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+ would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+ the user would have expected. Git now prevents you from tracking
+ a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+ are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+ ".git/config". HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+ codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+ it were ".git/config". Pathnames with these potential issues are
+ rejected on the affected systems. Git on systems that are not
+ affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+ reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+ projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+ be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+ set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+ rejected. Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+ filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+ insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b19a35d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+Git v2.2.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.2.1
+------------------
+
+ * "git checkout $treeish $path", when $path in the index and the
+ working tree already matched what is in $treeish at the $path,
+ still overwrote the $path unnecessarily.
+
+ * "git config --get-color" did not parse its command line arguments
+ carefully.
+
+ * open() emulated on Windows platforms did not give EISDIR upon
+ an attempt to open a directory for writing.
+
+ * A few code paths used abs() when they should have used labs() on
+ long integers.
+
+ * "gitweb" used to depend on a behaviour recent CGI.pm deprecated.
+
+ * "git init" (hence "git clone") initialized the per-repository
+ configuration file .git/config with x-bit by mistake.
+
+ * Git 2.0 was supposed to make the "simple" mode for the default of
+ "git push", but it didn't.
+
+ * "Everyday" document had a broken link.
+
+ * The build procedure did not bother fixing perl and python scripts
+ when NO_PERL and NO_PYTHON build-time configuration changed.
+
+ * The code that reads the reflog from the newer to the older entries
+ did not handle an entry that crosses a boundary of block it uses to
+ read them correctly.
+
+ * "git apply" was described in the documentation to take --ignore-date
+ option, which it does not.
+
+ * Traditionally we tried to avoid interpreting date strings given by
+ the user as future dates, e.g. GIT_COMMITTER_DATE=2014-12-10 when
+ used early November 2014 was taken as "October 12, 2014" because it
+ is likely that a date in the future, December 10, is a mistake.
+ This heuristics has been loosened to allow people to express future
+ dates (most notably, --until=<date> may want to be far in the
+ future) and we no longer tiebreak by future-ness of the date when
+
+ (1) ISO-like format is used, and
+ (2) the string can make sense interpreted as both y-m-d and y-d-m.
+
+ Git may still have to use the heuristics to tiebreak between dd/mm/yy
+ and mm/dd/yy, though.
+
+ * The code to abbreviate an object name to its short unique prefix
+ has been optimized when no abbreviation was requested.
+
+ * "git add --ignore-errors ..." did not ignore an error to
+ give a file that did not exist.
+
+ * Git did not correctly read an overlong refname from a packed refs
+ file.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e3c639c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,300 @@
+Git v2.3 Release Notes
+======================
+
+This one ended up to be a release with lots of small corrections and
+improvements without big uncomfortably exciting features. The recent
+security fix that went to 2.2.1 and older maintenance tracks is also
+contained in this update.
+
+
+Updates since v2.2
+------------------
+
+Ports
+
+ * Recent gcc toolchain on Cygwin started throwing compilation warning,
+ which has been squelched.
+
+ * A few updates to build on platforms that lack tv_nsec,
+ clock_gettime, CLOCK_MONOTONIC and HMAC_CTX_cleanup (e.g. older
+ RHEL) have been added.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * It was cumbersome to use "GIT_SSH" mechanism when the user wanted
+ to pass an extra set of arguments to the underlying ssh. A new
+ environment variable GIT_SSH_COMMAND can be used for this.
+
+ * A request to store an empty note via "git notes" meant to remove
+ note from the object but with --allow-empty we will store a
+ (surprise!) note that is empty.
+
+ * "git interpret-trailers" learned to properly handle the
+ "Conflicts:" block at the end.
+
+ * "git am" learned "--message-id" option to copy the message ID of
+ the incoming e-mail to the log message of resulting commit.
+
+ * "git clone --reference=<over there>" learned the "--dissociate"
+ option to go with it; it borrows objects from the reference object
+ store while cloning only to reduce network traffic and then
+ dissociates the resulting clone from the reference by performing
+ local copies of borrowed objects.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned "--transfer-encoding" option to force a
+ non-fault Content-Transfer-Encoding header (e.g. base64).
+
+ * "git send-email" normally identifies itself via X-Mailer: header in
+ the message it sends out. A new command line flag --no-xmailer
+ allows the user to squelch the header.
+
+ * "git push" into a repository with a working tree normally refuses
+ to modify the branch that is checked out. The command learned to
+ optionally do an equivalent of "git reset --hard" only when there
+ is no change to the working tree and the index instead, which would
+ be useful to "deploy" by pushing into a repository.
+
+ * "git new-workdir" (in contrib/) can be used to populate an empty
+ and existing directory now.
+
+ * Credential helpers are asked in turn until one of them give
+ positive response, which is cumbersome to turn off when you need to
+ run Git in an automated setting. The credential helper interface
+ learned to allow a helper to say "stop, don't ask other helpers."
+ Also GIT_TERMINAL_PROMPT environment can be set to false to disable
+ our built-in prompt mechanism for passwords.
+
+ * "git branch -d" (delete) and "git branch -m" (move) learned to
+ honor "-f" (force) flag; unlike many other subcommands, the way to
+ force these have been with separate "-D/-M" options, which was
+ inconsistent.
+
+ * "diff-highlight" filter (in contrib/) allows its color output to be
+ customized via configuration variables.
+
+ * "git imap-send" learned to take "-v" (verbose) and "-q" (quiet)
+ command line options.
+
+ * "git remote add $name $URL" is now allowed when "url.$URL.insteadOf"
+ is already defined.
+
+ * "git imap-send" now can be built to use cURL library to talk to
+ IMAP servers (if the library is recent enough, of course).
+ This allows you to use authenticate method other than CRAM-MD5,
+ among other things.
+
+ * "git imap-send" now allows GIT_CURL_VERBOSE environment variable to
+ control the verbosity when talking via the cURL library.
+
+ * The prompt script (in contrib/) learned to optionally hide prompt
+ when in an ignored directory by setting GIT_PS1_HIDE_IF_PWD_IGNORED
+ shell variable.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * Earlier we made "rev-list --object-edge" more aggressively list the
+ objects at the edge commits, in order to reduce number of objects 
+ fetched into a shallow repository, but the change affected cases
+ other than "fetching into a shallow repository" and made it
+ unusably slow (e.g. fetching into a normal repository should not
+ have to suffer the overhead from extra processing). Limit it to a
+ more specific case by introducing --objects-edge-aggressive, a new
+ option to rev-list.
+
+ * Squelched useless compiler warnings on Mac OS X regarding the
+ crypto API.
+
+ * The procedure to generate unicode table has been simplified.
+
+ * Some filesystems assign filemodes in a strange way, fooling then
+ automatic "filemode trustability" check done during a new
+ repository creation. The initialization codepath has been hardened
+ against this issue.
+
+ * The codepath in "git remote update --prune" to drop many refs has
+ been optimized.
+
+ * The API into get_merge_bases*() family of functions was easy to
+ misuse, which has been corrected to make it harder to do so.
+
+ * Long overdue departure from the assumption that S_IFMT is shared by
+ everybody made in 2005, which was necessary to port to z/OS.
+
+ * "git push" and "git fetch" did not communicate an overlong refname
+ correctly. Now it uses 64kB sideband to accommodate longer ones.
+
+ * Recent GPG changes the keyring format and drops support for RFC1991
+ formatted signatures, breaking our existing tests.
+
+ * "git-prompt" (in contrib/) used a variable from the global scope,
+ possibly contaminating end-user's namespace.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.2
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.2 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git http-push" over WebDAV (aka dumb http-push) was broken in
+ v2.2.2 when parsing a symbolic ref, resulting in a bogus request
+ that gets rejected by recent versions of cURL library.
+ (merge f6786c8 jk/http-push-symref-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The logic in "git bisect bad HEAD" etc. to avoid forcing the test
+ of the common ancestor of bad and good commits was broken.
+ (merge 07913d5 cc/bisect-rev-parsing later to maint).
+
+ * "git checkout-index --temp=$target $path" did not work correctly
+ for paths outside the current subdirectory in the project.
+ (merge 74c4de5 es/checkout-index-temp later to maint).
+
+ * The report from "git checkout" on a branch that builds on another
+ local branch by setting its branch.*.merge to branch name (not a
+ full refname) incorrectly said that the upstream is gone.
+ (merge 05e7368 jc/checkout-local-track-report later to maint).
+
+ * With The git-prompt support (in contrib/), using the exit status of
+ the last command in the prompt, e.g. PS1='$(__git_ps1) $? ', did
+ not work well, because the helper function stomped on the exit
+ status.
+ (merge 6babe76 tf/prompt-preserve-exit-status later to maint).
+
+ * Recent update to "git commit" broke amending an existing commit
+ with bogus author/committer lines without a valid e-mail address.
+ (merge c83a509 jk/commit-date-approxidate later to maint).
+
+ * The lockfile API used to get confused which file to clean up when
+ the process moved the $cwd after creating a lockfile.
+ (merge fa137f6 nd/lockfile-absolute later to maint).
+
+ * Traditionally we tried to avoid interpreting date strings given by
+ the user as future dates, e.g. GIT_COMMITTER_DATE=2014-12-10 when
+ used early November 2014 was taken as "October 12, 2014" because it
+ is likely that a date in the future, December 10, is a mistake.
+ This heuristics has been loosened to allow people to express future
+ dates (most notably, --until=<date> may want to be far in the
+ future) and we no longer tiebreak by future-ness of the date when
+
+ (1) ISO-like format is used, and
+ (2) the string can make sense interpreted as both y-m-d and y-d-m.
+
+ Git may still have to use the heuristics to tiebreak between dd/mm/yy
+ and mm/dd/yy, though.
+ (merge d372395 jk/approxidate-avoid-y-d-m-over-future-dates later to maint).
+
+ * Git did not correctly read an overlong refname from a packed refs
+ file.
+ (merge ea41783 jk/read-packed-refs-without-path-max later to maint).
+
+ * "git apply" was described in the documentation to take --ignore-date
+ option, which it does not.
+ (merge 0cef4e7 rw/apply-does-not-take-ignore-date later to maint).
+
+ * "git add -i" did not notice when the interactive command input
+ stream went away and kept asking the same question.
+ (merge a8bec7a jk/add-i-read-error later to maint).
+
+ * "git send-email" did not handle RFC 2047 encoded headers quite
+ right.
+ (merge ab47e2a rd/send-email-2047-fix later to maint).
+
+ * New tag object format validation added in 2.2 showed garbage after
+ a tagname it reported in its error message.
+ (merge a1e920a js/fsck-tag-validation later to maint).
+
+ * The code that reads the reflog from the newer to the older entries
+ did not handle an entry that crosses a boundary of block it uses to
+ read them correctly.
+ (merge 69216bf jk/for-each-reflog-ent-reverse later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff -B -M" after making a new copy B out of an existing file
+ A and then editing A extensively ought to report that B was created
+ by copying A and A was modified, which is what "git diff -C"
+ reports, but it instead said A was renamed to B and A was edited
+ heavily in place. This was not just incoherent but also failed to
+ apply with "git apply". The report has been corrected to match what
+ "git diff -C" produces for this case.
+ (merge 6936b58 jc/diff-b-m later to maint).
+
+ * In files we pre-populate for the user to edit with commented hints,
+ a line of hint that is indented with a tab used to show as '#' (or
+ any comment char), ' ' (space), and then the hint text that began
+ with the tab, which some editors flag as an indentation error (tab
+ following space). We now omit the space after the comment char in
+ such a case.
+ (merge d55aeb7 jc/strbuf-add-lines-avoid-sp-ht-sequence later to maint).
+
+ * "git ls-tree" does not support path selection based on negative
+ pathspecs, but did not error out when negative pathspecs are given.
+ (merge f1f6224 nd/ls-tree-pathspec later to maint).
+
+ * The function sometimes returned a non-freeable memory and some
+ other times returned a piece of memory that must be freed, leading
+ to inevitable leaks.
+ (merge 59362e5 jc/exec-cmd-system-path-leak-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The code to abbreviate an object name to its short unique prefix
+ has been optimized when no abbreviation was requested.
+ (merge 61e704e mh/find-uniq-abbrev later to maint).
+
+ * "git add --ignore-errors ..." did not ignore an error to
+ give a file that did not exist.
+ (merge 1d31e5a mg/add-ignore-errors later to maint).
+
+ * "git checkout $treeish $path", when $path in the index and the
+ working tree already matched what is in $treeish at the $path,
+ still overwrote the $path unnecessarily.
+ (merge c5326bd jk/checkout-from-tree later to maint).
+
+ * "git config --get-color" did not parse its command line arguments
+ carefully.
+ (merge cb35722 jk/colors-fix later to maint).
+
+ * open() emulated on Windows platforms did not give EISDIR upon
+ an attempt to open a directory for writing.
+ (merge ba6fad0 js/windows-open-eisdir-error later to maint).
+
+ * A few code paths used abs() when they should have used labs() on
+ long integers.
+ (merge 83915ba rs/maint-config-use-labs later to maint).
+ (merge 31a8aa1 rs/receive-pack-use-labs later to maint).
+
+ * "gitweb" used to depend on a behaviour recent CGI.pm deprecated.
+ (merge 13dbf46 jk/gitweb-with-newer-cgi-multi-param later to maint).
+
+ * "git init" (hence "git clone") initialized the per-repository
+ configuration file .git/config with x-bit by mistake.
+ (merge 1f32ecf mh/config-flip-xbit-back-after-checking later to maint).
+
+ * Recent update in Git 2.2 started creating objects/info/packs and
+ info/refs files with permission bits tighter than user's umask.
+ (merge d91175b jk/prune-packed-server-info later to maint).
+
+ * Git 2.0 was supposed to make the "simple" mode for the default of
+ "git push", but it didn't.
+ (merge 00a6fa0 jk/push-simple later to maint).
+
+ * "Everyday" document had a broken link.
+ (merge 366c8d4 po/everyday-doc later to maint).
+
+ * A few test fixes.
+ (merge 880ef58 jk/no-perl-tests later to maint).
+
+ * The build procedure did not bother fixing perl and python scripts
+ when NO_PERL and NO_PYTHON build-time configuration changed.
+ (merge ca2051d jk/rebuild-perl-scripts-with-no-perl-seting-change later to maint).
+
+ * The usage string of "git log" command was marked incorrectly for
+ l10n.
+ (merge e66dc0c km/log-usage-string-i18n later to maint).
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" mishandled --format="%(upstream:track)" when a
+ branch is marked to have forked from a non-existing branch.
+ (merge b6160d9 rc/for-each-ref-tracking later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cf96186
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
+Git v2.3.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3
+----------------
+
+ * The interactive "show a list and let the user choose from it"
+ interface "add -i" used showed and prompted to the user even when
+ the candidate list was empty, against which the only "choice" the
+ user could have made was to choose nothing.
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" used to under-allocate the memory
+ when the fix resulted in a longer text than the original patch.
+
+ * "git log --help" used to show rev-list options that are irrelevant
+ to the "log" command.
+
+ * The error message from "git commit", when a non-existing author
+ name was given as value to the "--author=" parameter, has been
+ reworded to avoid misunderstanding.
+
+ * A broken pack .idx file in the receiving repository prevented the
+ dumb http transport from fetching a good copy of it from the other
+ side.
+
+ * The documentation incorrectly said that C(opy) and R(ename) are the
+ only ones that can be followed by the score number in the output in
+ the --raw format.
+
+ * Fix a misspelled conditional that is always true.
+
+ * Code to read branch name from various files in .git/ directory
+ would have misbehaved if the code to write them left an empty file.
+
+ * The "git push" documentation made the "--repo=<there>" option
+ easily misunderstood.
+
+ * After attempting and failing a password-less authentication
+ (e.g. kerberos), libcURL refuses to fall back to password based
+ Basic authentication without a bit of help/encouragement.
+
+ * Setting diff.submodule to 'log' made "git format-patch" produce
+ broken patches.
+
+ * "git rerere" (invoked internally from many mergy operations) did
+ not correctly signal errors when told to update the working tree
+ files and failed to do so for whatever reason.
+
+ * "git blame HEAD -- missing" failed to correctly say "HEAD" when it
+ tried to say "No such path 'missing' in HEAD".
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f4caf54
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,79 @@
+Git v2.3.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.1
+------------------
+
+ * "update-index --refresh" used to leak when an entry cannot be
+ refreshed for whatever reason.
+
+ * "git fast-import" used to crash when it could not close and
+ conclude the resulting packfile cleanly.
+
+ * "git blame" died, trying to free an uninitialized piece of memory.
+
+ * "git merge-file" did not work correctly in a subdirectory.
+
+ * "git submodule add" failed to squash "path/to/././submodule" to
+ "path/to/submodule".
+
+ * In v2.2.0, we broke "git prune" that runs in a repository that
+ borrows from an alternate object store.
+
+ * Certain older vintages of cURL give irregular output from
+ "curl-config --vernum", which confused our build system.
+
+ * An earlier workaround to squelch unhelpful deprecation warnings
+ from the complier on Mac OSX unnecessarily set minimum required
+ version of the OS, which the user might want to raise (or lower)
+ for other reasons.
+
+ * Longstanding configuration variable naming rules has been added to
+ the documentation.
+
+ * The credential helper for Windows (in contrib/) used to mishandle
+ a user name with an at-sign in it.
+
+ * Older GnuPG implementations may not correctly import the keyring
+ material we prepare for the tests to use.
+
+ * Clarify in the documentation that "remote.<nick>.pushURL" and
+ "remote.<nick>.URL" are there to name the same repository accessed
+ via different transports, not two separate repositories.
+
+ * The pack bitmap support did not build with older versions of GCC.
+
+ * Reading configuration from a blob object, when it ends with a lone
+ CR, use to confuse the configuration parser.
+
+ * We didn't format an integer that wouldn't fit in "int" but in
+ "uintmax_t" correctly.
+
+ * "git push --signed" gave an incorrectly worded error message when
+ the other side did not support the capability.
+
+ * "git fetch" over a remote-helper that cannot respond to "list"
+ command could not fetch from a symbolic reference e.g. HEAD.
+
+ * The insn sheet "git rebase -i" creates did not fully honor
+ core.abbrev settings.
+
+ * The tests that wanted to see that file becomes unreadable after
+ running "chmod a-r file", and the tests that wanted to make sure it
+ is not run as root, we used "can we write into the / directory?" as
+ a cheap substitute, but on some platforms that is not a good
+ heuristics. The tests and their prerequisites have been updated to
+ check what they really require.
+
+ * The configuration variable 'mailinfo.scissors' was hard to
+ discover in the documentation.
+
+ * Correct a breakage to git-svn around v2.2 era that triggers
+ premature closing of FileHandle.
+
+ * Even though we officially haven't dropped Perl 5.8 support, the
+ Getopt::Long package that came with it does not support "--no-"
+ prefix to negate a boolean option; manually add support to help
+ people with older Getopt::Long package.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5ef1264
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+Git v2.3.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.2
+------------------
+
+ * A corrupt input to "git diff -M" used cause us to segfault.
+
+ * The borrowed code in kwset API did not follow our usual convention
+ to use "unsigned char" to store values that range from 0-255.
+
+ * Description given by "grep -h" for its --exclude-standard option
+ was phrased poorly.
+
+ * Documentaton for "git remote add" mentioned "--tags" and
+ "--no-tags" and it was not clear that fetch from the remote in
+ the future will use the default behaviour when neither is given
+ to override it.
+
+ * "git diff --shortstat --dirstat=changes" showed a dirstat based on
+ lines that was never asked by the end user in addition to the
+ dirstat that the user asked for.
+
+ * The interaction between "git submodule update" and the
+ submodule.*.update configuration was not clearly documented.
+
+ * "git apply" was not very careful about reading from, removing,
+ updating and creating paths outside the working tree (under
+ --index/--cached) or the current directory (when used as a
+ replacement for GNU patch).
+
+ * "git daemon" looked up the hostname even when "%CH" and "%IP"
+ interpolations are not requested, which was unnecessary.
+
+ * The "interpolated-path" option of "git daemon" inserted any string
+ client declared on the "host=" capability request without checking.
+ Sanitize and limit %H and %CH to a saner and a valid DNS name.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index e6d46ed..ef0eeb4 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -57,7 +57,8 @@ change, the approach taken by the change, and if relevant how this
differs substantially from the prior version, are all good things
to have.
-Make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing.
+Make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing. See
+t/README for guidance.
When adding a new feature, make sure that you have new tests to show
the feature triggers the new behaviour when it should, and to show the
@@ -175,8 +176,11 @@ message starts, you can put a "From: " line to name that person.
You often want to add additional explanation about the patch,
other than the commit message itself. Place such "cover letter"
-material between the three dash lines and the diffstat. Git-notes
-can also be inserted using the `--notes` option.
+material between the three-dash line and the diffstat. For
+patches requiring multiple iterations of review and discussion,
+an explanation of changes between each iteration can be kept in
+Git-notes and inserted automatically following the three-dash
+line via `git format-patch --notes`.
Do not attach the patch as a MIME attachment, compressed or not.
Do not let your e-mail client send quoted-printable. Do not let
@@ -254,15 +258,15 @@ pretty simple: if you can certify the below:
person who certified (a), (b) or (c) and I have not modified
it.
- (d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
- are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
- personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
- maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
- this project or the open source license(s) involved.
+ (d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
+ are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
+ personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
+ maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
+ this project or the open source license(s) involved.
then you just add a line saying
- Signed-off-by: Random J Developer <random@developer.example.org>
+ Signed-off-by: Random J Developer <random@developer.example.org>
This line can be automatically added by Git if you run the git-commit
command with the -s option.
@@ -337,7 +341,7 @@ suggests to the contributors:
spend their time to improve your patch. Go back to step (2).
(4) The list forms consensus that the last round of your patch is
- good. Send it to the list and cc the maintainer.
+ good. Send it to the maintainer and cc the list.
(5) A topic branch is created with the patch and is merged to 'next',
and cooked further and eventually graduates to 'master'.
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index e8dd76d..5fbe940 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -246,6 +246,17 @@ core.precomposeunicode::
When false, file names are handled fully transparent by Git,
which is backward compatible with older versions of Git.
+core.protectHFS::
+ If set to true, do not allow checkout of paths that would
+ be considered equivalent to `.git` on an HFS+ filesystem.
+ Defaults to `true` on Mac OS, and `false` elsewhere.
+
+core.protectNTFS::
+ If set to true, do not allow checkout of paths that would
+ cause problems with the NTFS filesystem, e.g. conflict with
+ 8.3 "short" names.
+ Defaults to `true` on Windows, and `false` elsewhere.
+
core.trustctime::
If false, the ctime differences between the index and the
working tree are ignored; useful when the inode change time
@@ -364,14 +375,19 @@ This is useful for excluding servers inside a firewall from
proxy use, while defaulting to a common proxy for external domains.
core.ignoreStat::
- If true, commands which modify both the working tree and the index
- will mark the updated paths with the "assume unchanged" bit in the
- index. These marked files are then assumed to stay unchanged in the
- working tree, until you mark them otherwise manually - Git will not
- detect the file changes by lstat() calls. This is useful on systems
- where those are very slow, such as Microsoft Windows.
- See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
- False by default.
+ If true, Git will avoid using lstat() calls to detect if files have
+ changed by setting the "assume-unchanged" bit for those tracked files
+ which it has updated identically in both the index and working tree.
++
+When files are modified outside of Git, the user will need to stage
+the modified files explicitly (e.g. see 'Examples' section in
+linkgit:git-update-index[1]).
+Git will not normally detect changes to those files.
++
+This is useful on systems where lstat() calls are very slow, such as
+CIFS/Microsoft Windows.
++
+False by default.
core.preferSymlinkRefs::
Instead of the default "symref" format for HEAD
@@ -667,14 +683,13 @@ core.abbrev::
for abbreviated object names to stay unique for sufficiently long
time.
-add.ignore-errors::
add.ignoreErrors::
+add.ignore-errors (deprecated)::
Tells 'git add' to continue adding files when some files cannot be
added due to indexing errors. Equivalent to the '--ignore-errors'
- option of linkgit:git-add[1]. Older versions of Git accept only
- `add.ignore-errors`, which does not follow the usual naming
- convention for configuration variables. Newer versions of Git
- honor `add.ignoreErrors` as well.
+ option of linkgit:git-add[1]. `add.ignore-errors` is deprecated,
+ as it does not follow the usual naming convention for configuration
+ variables.
alias.*::
Command aliases for the linkgit:git[1] command wrapper - e.g.
@@ -683,7 +698,7 @@ alias.*::
confusion and troubles with script usage, aliases that
hide existing Git commands are ignored. Arguments are split by
spaces, the usual shell quoting and escaping is supported.
- quote pair and a backslash can be used to quote them.
+ A quote pair or a backslash can be used to quote them.
+
If the alias expansion is prefixed with an exclamation point,
it will be treated as a shell command. For example, defining
@@ -838,7 +853,13 @@ accepted are `normal`, `black`, `red`, `green`, `yellow`, `blue`,
`magenta`, `cyan` and `white`; the attributes are `bold`, `dim`, `ul`,
`blink` and `reverse`. The first color given is the foreground; the
second is the background. The position of the attribute, if any,
-doesn't matter.
+doesn't matter. Attributes may be turned off specifically by prefixing
+them with `no` (e.g., `noreverse`, `noul`, etc).
++
+Colors (foreground and background) may also be given as numbers between
+0 and 255; these use ANSI 256-color mode (but note that not all
+terminals may support this). If your terminal supports it, you may also
+specify 24-bit RGB values as hex, like `#ff0ab3`.
color.diff::
Whether to use ANSI escape sequences to add color to patches.
@@ -1718,6 +1739,13 @@ log.mailmap::
If true, makes linkgit:git-log[1], linkgit:git-show[1], and
linkgit:git-whatchanged[1] assume `--use-mailmap`.
+mailinfo.scissors::
+ If true, makes linkgit:git-mailinfo[1] (and therefore
+ linkgit:git-am[1]) act by default as if the --scissors option
+ was provided on the command-line. When active, this features
+ removes everything from the message body before a scissors
+ line (i.e. consisting mainly of ">8", "8<" and "-").
+
mailmap.file::
The location of an augmenting mailmap file. The default
mailmap, located in the root of the repository, is loaded
@@ -1938,7 +1966,7 @@ pack.useBitmaps::
true. You should not generally need to turn this off unless
you are debugging pack bitmaps.
-pack.writebitmaps::
+pack.writebitmaps (deprecated)::
This is a deprecated synonym for `repack.writeBitmaps`.
pack.writeBitmapHashCache::
@@ -2129,6 +2157,13 @@ receive.denyCurrentBranch::
print a warning of such a push to stderr, but allow the push to
proceed. If set to false or "ignore", allow such pushes with no
message. Defaults to "refuse".
++
+Another option is "updateInstead" which will update the working
+directory (must be clean) if pushing into the current branch. This option is
+intended for synchronizing working directories when one side is not easily
+accessible via interactive ssh (e.g. a live web site, hence the requirement
+that the working directory be clean). This mode also comes in handy when
+developing inside a VM to test and fix code on different Operating Systems.
receive.denyNonFastForwards::
If set to true, git-receive-pack will deny a ref update which is
@@ -2268,7 +2303,7 @@ sendemail.smtpencryption::
See linkgit:git-send-email[1] for description. Note that this
setting is not subject to the 'identity' mechanism.
-sendemail.smtpssl::
+sendemail.smtpssl (deprecated)::
Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.smtpencryption = ssl'.
sendemail.smtpsslcertpath::
@@ -2303,10 +2338,12 @@ sendemail.smtpserverport::
sendemail.smtpserveroption::
sendemail.smtpuser::
sendemail.thread::
+sendemail.transferencoding::
sendemail.validate::
+sendemail.xmailer::
See linkgit:git-send-email[1] for description.
-sendemail.signedoffcc::
+sendemail.signedoffcc (deprecated)::
Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.signedoffbycc'.
showbranch.default::
@@ -2339,7 +2376,7 @@ status.showUntrackedFiles::
files which are not currently tracked by Git. Directories which
contain only untracked files, are shown with the directory name
only. Showing untracked files means that Git needs to lstat() all
- all the files in the whole repository, which might be slow on some
+ the files in the whole repository, which might be slow on some
systems. So, this variable controls how the commands displays
the untracked files. Possible values are:
+
@@ -2371,12 +2408,16 @@ status.submodulesummary::
submodule.<name>.path::
submodule.<name>.url::
+ The path within this project and URL for a submodule. These
+ variables are initially populated by 'git submodule init'. See
+ linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for
+ details.
+
submodule.<name>.update::
- The path within this project, URL, and the updating strategy
- for a submodule. These variables are initially populated
- by 'git submodule init'; edit them to override the
- URL and other values found in the `.gitmodules` file. See
- linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for details.
+ The default update procedure for a submodule. This variable
+ is populated by `git submodule init` from the
+ linkgit:gitmodules[5] file. See description of 'update'
+ command in linkgit:git-submodule[1].
submodule.<name>.branch::
The remote branch name for a submodule, used by `git submodule
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-format.txt b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
index 15c7e79..85b0890 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
@@ -66,7 +66,8 @@ be committed)
Status letters C and R are always followed by a score (denoting the
percentage of similarity between the source and target of the move or
-copy), and are the only ones to be so.
+copy). Status letter M may be followed by a score (denoting the
+percentage of dissimilarity) for file rewrites.
<sha1> is shown as all 0's if a file is new on the filesystem
and it is out of sync with the index.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-add.txt b/Documentation/git-add.txt
index 9631526..1c74907 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-add.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-add.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-add - Add file contents to the index
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git add' [-n] [-v] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
+'git add' [--verbose | -v] [--dry-run | -n] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
[--edit | -e] [--[no-]all | --[no-]ignore-removal | [--update | -u]]
[--intent-to-add | -N] [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--ignore-missing]
[--] [<pathspec>...]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-am.txt b/Documentation/git-am.txt
index 9adce37..0d8ba48 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-am.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-am.txt
@@ -52,11 +52,23 @@ OPTIONS
-c::
--scissors::
Remove everything in body before a scissors line (see
- linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
+ linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]). Can be activated by default using
+ the `mailinfo.scissors` configuration variable.
--no-scissors::
Ignore scissors lines (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
+-m::
+--message-id::
+ Pass the `-m` flag to 'git mailinfo' (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]),
+ so that the Message-ID header is added to the commit message.
+ The `am.messageid` configuration variable can be used to specify
+ the default behaviour.
+
+--no-message-id::
+ Do not add the Message-ID header to the commit message.
+ `no-message-id` is useful to override `am.messageid`.
+
-q::
--quiet::
Be quiet. Only print error messages.
@@ -83,7 +95,6 @@ default. You can use `--no-utf8` to override this.
it is supposed to apply to and we have those blobs
available locally.
---ignore-date::
--ignore-space-change::
--ignore-whitespace::
--whitespace=<option>::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-apply.txt b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
index f605327..9489664 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-apply.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--ignore-space-change | --ignore-whitespace ]
[--whitespace=(nowarn|warn|fix|error|error-all)]
[--exclude=<path>] [--include=<path>] [--directory=<root>]
- [--verbose] [<patch>...]
+ [--verbose] [--unsafe-paths] [<patch>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -229,6 +229,16 @@ For example, a patch that talks about updating `a/git-gui.sh` to `b/git-gui.sh`
can be applied to the file in the working tree `modules/git-gui/git-gui.sh` by
running `git apply --directory=modules/git-gui`.
+--unsafe-paths::
+ By default, a patch that affects outside the working area
+ (either a Git controlled working tree, or the current working
+ directory when "git apply" is used as a replacement of GNU
+ patch) is rejected as a mistake (or a mischief).
++
+When `git apply` is used as a "better GNU patch", the user can pass
+the `--unsafe-paths` option to override this safety check. This option
+has no effect when `--index` or `--cached` is in use.
+
Configuration
-------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt b/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
index ee2e091..788a011 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
@@ -21,6 +21,9 @@ the exclude mechanism) that decides if the pathname is excluded or
included. Later patterns within a file take precedence over earlier
ones.
+By default, tracked files are not shown at all since they are not
+subject to exclude rules; but see `--no-index'.
+
OPTIONS
-------
-q, --quiet::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clean.txt b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
index 94b6d19..641681f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clean.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
@@ -34,8 +34,12 @@ OPTIONS
-f::
--force::
If the Git configuration variable clean.requireForce is not set
- to false, 'git clean' will refuse to run unless given -f, -n or
- -i.
+ to false, 'git clean' will refuse to delete files or directories
+ unless given -f, -n or -i. Git will refuse to delete directories
+ with .git sub directory or file unless a second -f
+ is given. This affects also git submodules where the storage area
+ of the removed submodule under .git/modules/ is not removed until
+ -f is given twice.
-i::
--interactive::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clone.txt b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
index 0363d00..f1f2a3f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clone.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git clone' [--template=<template_directory>]
[-l] [-s] [--no-hardlinks] [-q] [-n] [--bare] [--mirror]
[-o <name>] [-b <name>] [-u <upload-pack>] [--reference <repository>]
- [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
+ [--dissociate] [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
[--depth <depth>] [--[no-]single-branch]
[--recursive | --recurse-submodules] [--] <repository>
[<directory>]
@@ -98,7 +98,14 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
require fewer objects to be copied from the repository
being cloned, reducing network and local storage costs.
+
-*NOTE*: see the NOTE for the `--shared` option.
+*NOTE*: see the NOTE for the `--shared` option, and also the
+`--dissociate` option.
+
+--dissociate::
+ Borrow the objects from reference repositories specified
+ with the `--reference` options only to reduce network
+ transfer and stop borrowing from them after a clone is made
+ by making necessary local copies of borrowed objects.
--quiet::
-q::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
index 0bbc8f5..1e74b75 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
@@ -250,9 +250,10 @@ FROM UPSTREAM REBASE" section in linkgit:git-rebase[1].)
-o::
--only::
- Make a commit only from the paths specified on the
+ Make a commit by taking the updated working tree contents
+ of the paths specified on the
command line, disregarding any contents that have been
- staged so far. This is the default mode of operation of
+ staged for other paths. This is the default mode of operation of
'git commit' if any paths are given on the command line,
in which case this option can be omitted.
If this option is specified together with '--amend', then
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
index 8481cae..bc97071 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ linkgit:gitcredentials[7] or `EXAMPLES` below.
OPTIONS
-------
---store=<path>::
+--file=<path>::
Use `<path>` to store credentials. The file will have its
filesystem permissions set to prevent other users on the system
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
index dbe9a46..929e496 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
@@ -209,6 +209,10 @@ Since 'git fast-import' cannot tag trees, you will not be
able to export the linux.git repository completely, as it contains
a tag referencing a tree instead of a commit.
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:git-fast-import[1]
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
index 377eeaa..f71fb01 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
@@ -1441,6 +1441,10 @@ operator can use this facility to peek at the objects and refs from an
import in progress, at the cost of some added running time and worse
compression.
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:git-fast-export[1]
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
index 164a3c6..0947084 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
@@ -66,6 +66,11 @@ conversion, even with this flag.
-n::
Disable all charset re-coding of the metadata.
+-m::
+--message-id::
+ Copy the Message-ID header at the end of the commit message. This
+ is useful in order to associate commits with mailing list discussions.
+
--scissors::
Remove everything in body before a scissors line. A line that
mainly consists of scissors (either ">8" or "8<") and perforation
diff --git a/Documentation/git-notes.txt b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
index 310f0a5..851518d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-notes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
@@ -9,10 +9,10 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git notes' [list [<object>]]
-'git notes' add [-f] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
+'git notes' add [-f] [--allow-empty] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
'git notes' copy [-f] ( --stdin | <from-object> <to-object> )
-'git notes' append [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
-'git notes' edit [<object>]
+'git notes' append [--allow-empty] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
+'git notes' edit [--allow-empty] [<object>]
'git notes' show [<object>]
'git notes' merge [-v | -q] [-s <strategy> ] <notes-ref>
'git notes' merge --commit [-v | -q]
@@ -155,6 +155,10 @@ OPTIONS
Like '-C', but with '-c' the editor is invoked, so that
the user can further edit the note message.
+--allow-empty::
+ Allow an empty note object to be stored. The default behavior is
+ to automatically remove empty notes.
+
--ref <ref>::
Manipulate the notes tree in <ref>. This overrides
'GIT_NOTES_REF' and the "core.notesRef" configuration. The ref
@@ -287,7 +291,7 @@ arbitrary files using 'git hash-object':
------------
$ cc *.c
$ blob=$(git hash-object -w a.out)
-$ git notes --ref=built add -C "$blob" HEAD
+$ git notes --ref=built add --allow-empty -C "$blob" HEAD
------------
(You cannot simply use `git notes --ref=built add -F a.out HEAD`
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
index d2d8f47..c2f76fb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--no-reuse-delta] [--delta-base-offset] [--non-empty]
[--local] [--incremental] [--window=<n>] [--depth=<n>]
[--revs [--unpacked | --all]] [--stdout | base-name]
- [--keep-true-parents] < object-list
+ [--shallow] [--keep-true-parents] < object-list
DESCRIPTION
@@ -190,6 +190,11 @@ required objects and is thus unusable by Git without making it
self-contained. Use `git index-pack --fix-thin`
(see linkgit:git-index-pack[1]) to restore the self-contained property.
+--shallow::
+ Optimize a pack that will be provided to a client with a shallow
+ repository. This option, combined with \--thin, can result in a
+ smaller pack at the cost of speed.
+
--delta-base-offset::
A packed archive can express the base object of a delta as
either a 20-byte object name or as an offset in the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-push.txt b/Documentation/git-push.txt
index 21b3f29..58cc59f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-push.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-push.txt
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ When the command line does not specify what to push with `<refspec>...`
arguments or `--all`, `--mirror`, `--tags` options, the command finds
the default `<refspec>` by consulting `remote.*.push` configuration,
and if it is not found, honors `push.default` configuration to decide
-what to push (See gitlink:git-config[1] for the meaning of `push.default`).
+what to push (See linkgit:git-config[1] for the meaning of `push.default`).
OPTIONS[[OPTIONS]]
@@ -214,22 +214,8 @@ origin +master` to force a push to the `master` branch). See the
`<refspec>...` section above for details.
--repo=<repository>::
- This option is only relevant if no <repository> argument is
- passed in the invocation. In this case, 'git push' derives the
- remote name from the current branch: If it tracks a remote
- branch, then that remote repository is pushed to. Otherwise,
- the name "origin" is used. For this latter case, this option
- can be used to override the name "origin". In other words,
- the difference between these two commands
-+
---------------------------
-git push public #1
-git push --repo=public #2
---------------------------
-+
-is that #1 always pushes to "public" whereas #2 pushes to "public"
-only if the current branch does not track a remote branch. This is
-useful if you write an alias or script around 'git push'.
+ This option is equivalent to the <repository> argument. If both
+ are specified, the command-line argument takes precedence.
-u::
--set-upstream::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt b/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
index cd0bb77..b25d0b5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
@@ -116,6 +116,10 @@ begins with `ext::`. Examples:
determined by the helper using environment variables (see
above).
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:gitremote-helpers[1]
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt b/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
index bcd3766..e700baf 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
@@ -50,6 +50,10 @@ EXAMPLES
`git push fd::7,8/bar master`::
Same as above.
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:gitremote-helpers[1]
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
index cb103c8..4c6d6de 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
@@ -58,6 +58,9 @@ remote repository.
With `--no-tags` option, `git fetch <name>` does not import tags from
the remote repository.
+
+By default, only tags on fetched branches are imported
+(see linkgit:git-fetch[1]).
++
With `-t <branch>` option, instead of the default glob
refspec for the remote to track all branches under
the `refs/remotes/<name>/` namespace, a refspec to track only `<branch>`
@@ -130,17 +133,25 @@ branches, adds to that list.
'set-url'::
-Changes URL remote points to. Sets first URL remote points to matching
+Changes URLs for the remote. Sets first URL for remote <name> that matches
regex <oldurl> (first URL if no <oldurl> is given) to <newurl>. If
-<oldurl> doesn't match any URL, error occurs and nothing is changed.
+<oldurl> doesn't match any URL, an error occurs and nothing is changed.
+
With '--push', push URLs are manipulated instead of fetch URLs.
+
-With '--add', instead of changing some URL, new URL is added.
+With '--add', instead of changing existing URLs, new URL is added.
++
+With '--delete', instead of changing existing URLs, all URLs matching
+regex <url> are deleted for remote <name>. Trying to delete all
+non-push URLs is an error.
+
-With '--delete', instead of changing some URL, all URLs matching
-regex <url> are deleted. Trying to delete all non-push URLs is an
-error.
+Note that the push URL and the fetch URL, even though they can
+be set differently, must still refer to the same place. What you
+pushed to the push URL should be what you would see if you
+immediately fetched from the fetch URL. If you are trying to
+fetch from one place (e.g. your upstream) and push to another (e.g.
+your publishing repository), use two separate remotes.
+
'show'::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
index fd7f8b5..5b11922 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
@@ -46,7 +46,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
[ \--extended-regexp | -E ]
[ \--fixed-strings | -F ]
[ \--date=(local|relative|default|iso|iso-strict|rfc|short) ]
- [ [\--objects | \--objects-edge] [ \--unpacked ] ]
+ [ [ \--objects | \--objects-edge | \--objects-edge-aggressive ]
+ [ \--unpacked ] ]
[ \--pretty | \--header ]
[ \--bisect ]
[ \--bisect-vars ]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
index a60776e..f248a86 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
@@ -131,6 +131,21 @@ Note that no attempts whatsoever are made to validate the encoding.
Specify encoding of compose message. Default is the value of the
'sendemail.composeencoding'; if that is unspecified, UTF-8 is assumed.
+--transfer-encoding=(7bit|8bit|quoted-printable|base64)::
+ Specify the transfer encoding to be used to send the message over SMTP.
+ 7bit will fail upon encountering a non-ASCII message. quoted-printable
+ can be useful when the repository contains files that contain carriage
+ returns, but makes the raw patch email file (as saved from a MUA) much
+ harder to inspect manually. base64 is even more fool proof, but also
+ even more opaque. Default is the value of the 'sendemail.transferEncoding'
+ configuration value; if that is unspecified, git will use 8bit and not
+ add a Content-Transfer-Encoding header.
+
+--xmailer::
+--no-xmailer::
+ Add (or prevent adding) the "X-Mailer:" header. By default,
+ the header is added, but it can be turned off by setting the
+ `sendemail.xmailer` configuration variable to `false`.
Sending
~~~~~~~
@@ -199,10 +214,15 @@ must be used for each option.
Legacy alias for '--smtp-encryption ssl'.
--smtp-ssl-cert-path::
- Path to ca-certificates (either a directory or a single file).
- Set it to an empty string to disable certificate verification.
- Defaults to the value set to the 'sendemail.smtpsslcertpath'
- configuration variable, if set, or `/etc/ssl/certs` otherwise.
+ Path to a store of trusted CA certificates for SMTP SSL/TLS
+ certificate validation (either a directory that has been processed
+ by 'c_rehash', or a single file containing one or more PEM format
+ certificates concatenated together: see verify(1) -CAfile and
+ -CApath for more information on these). Set it to an empty string
+ to disable certificate verification. Defaults to the value of the
+ 'sendemail.smtpsslcertpath' configuration variable, if set, or the
+ backing SSL library's compiled-in default otherwise (which should
+ be the best choice on most platforms).
--smtp-user=<user>::
Username for SMTP-AUTH. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpuser';
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
index c87bfcb..6c6e989 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git stripspace' [-s | --strip-comments] < input
+'git stripspace' [-c | --comment-lines] < input
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
index 8e6af65..2c25916 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
@@ -154,27 +154,51 @@ If `--force` is specified, the submodule's work tree will be removed even if
it contains local modifications.
update::
- Update the registered submodules, i.e. clone missing submodules and
- checkout the commit specified in the index of the containing repository.
- This will make the submodules HEAD be detached unless `--rebase` or
- `--merge` is specified or the key `submodule.$name.update` is set to
- `rebase`, `merge` or `none`. `none` can be overridden by specifying
- `--checkout`. Setting the key `submodule.$name.update` to `!command`
- will cause `command` to be run. `command` can be any arbitrary shell
- command that takes a single argument, namely the sha1 to update to.
+
+--
+Update the registered submodules to match what the superproject
+expects by cloning missing submodules and updating the working tree of
+the submodules. The "updating" can be done in several ways depending
+on command line options and the value of `submodule.<name>.update`
+configuration variable. Supported update procedures are:
+
+ checkout;; the commit recorded in the superproject will be
+ checked out in the submodule on a detached HEAD. This is
+ done when `--checkout` option is given, or no option is
+ given, and `submodule.<name>.update` is unset, or if it is
+ set to 'checkout'.
++
+If `--force` is specified, the submodule will be checked out (using
+`git checkout --force` if appropriate), even if the commit specified
+in the index of the containing repository already matches the commit
+checked out in the submodule.
+
+ rebase;; the current branch of the submodule will be rebased
+ onto the commit recorded in the superproject. This is done
+ when `--rebase` option is given, or no option is given, and
+ `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'rebase'.
+
+ merge;; the commit recorded in the superproject will be merged
+ into the current branch in the submodule. This is done
+ when `--merge` option is given, or no option is given, and
+ `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'merge'.
+
+ custom command;; arbitrary shell command that takes a single
+ argument (the sha1 of the commit recorded in the
+ superproject) is executed. This is done when no option is
+ given, and `submodule.<name>.update` has the form of
+ '!command'.
+
+When no option is given and `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'none',
+the submodule is not updated.
+
If the submodule is not yet initialized, and you just want to use the
setting as stored in .gitmodules, you can automatically initialize the
submodule with the `--init` option.
-+
+
If `--recursive` is specified, this command will recurse into the
registered submodules, and update any nested submodules within.
-+
-If `--force` is specified, the submodule will be checked out (using
-`git checkout --force` if appropriate), even if the commit specified in the
-index of the containing repository already matches the commit checked out in
-the submodule.
-
+--
summary::
Show commit summary between the given commit (defaults to HEAD) and
working tree/index. For a submodule in question, a series of commits
@@ -238,10 +262,12 @@ OPTIONS
When running add, allow adding an otherwise ignored submodule path.
When running deinit the submodule work trees will be removed even if
they contain local changes.
- When running update, throw away local changes in submodules when
- switching to a different commit; and always run a checkout operation
- in the submodule, even if the commit listed in the index of the
- containing repository matches the commit checked out in the submodule.
+ When running update (only effective with the checkout procedure),
+ throw away local changes in submodules when switching to a
+ different commit; and always run a checkout operation in the
+ submodule, even if the commit listed in the index of the
+ containing repository matches the commit checked out in the
+ submodule.
--cached::
This option is only valid for status and summary commands. These
@@ -302,7 +328,7 @@ the submodule itself.
Checkout the commit recorded in the superproject on a detached HEAD
in the submodule. This is the default behavior, the main use of
this option is to override `submodule.$name.update` when set to
- `merge`, `rebase` or `none`.
+ a value other than `checkout`.
If the key `submodule.$name.update` is either not explicitly set or
set to `checkout`, this option is implicit.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
index 929869b..aff0179 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
@@ -82,20 +82,18 @@ OPTIONS
Set the execute permissions on the updated files.
--[no-]assume-unchanged::
- When these flags are specified, the object names recorded
- for the paths are not updated. Instead, these options
- set and unset the "assume unchanged" bit for the
- paths. When the "assume unchanged" bit is on, Git stops
- checking the working tree files for possible
- modifications, so you need to manually unset the bit to
- tell Git when you change the working tree file. This is
+ When this flag is specified, the object names recorded
+ for the paths are not updated. Instead, this option
+ sets/unsets the "assume unchanged" bit for the
+ paths. When the "assume unchanged" bit is on, the user
+ promises not to change the file and allows Git to assume
+ that the working tree file matches what is recorded in
+ the index. If you want to change the working tree file,
+ you need to unset the bit to tell Git. This is
sometimes helpful when working with a big project on a
filesystem that has very slow lstat(2) system call
(e.g. cifs).
+
-This option can be also used as a coarse file-level mechanism
-to ignore uncommitted changes in tracked files (akin to what
-`.gitignore` does for untracked files).
Git will fail (gracefully) in case it needs to modify this file
in the index e.g. when merging in a commit;
thus, in case the assumed-untracked file is changed upstream,
diff --git a/Documentation/git.txt b/Documentation/git.txt
index 9202010..af30620 100644
--- a/Documentation/git.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git.txt
@@ -43,35 +43,54 @@ unreleased) version of Git, that is available from the 'master'
branch of the `git.git` repository.
Documentation for older releases are available here:
-* link:v2.1.3/git.html[documentation for release 2.1.3]
+* link:v2.3.3/git.html[documentation for release 2.3.3]
* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.3.txt[2.3.3],
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.2.txt[2.3.2],
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.1.txt[2.3.1],
+ link:RelNotes/2.3.0.txt[2.3].
+
+* link:v2.2.2/git.html[documentation for release 2.2.2]
+
+* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/2.2.2.txt[2.2.2],
+ link:RelNotes/2.2.1.txt[2.2.1],
+ link:RelNotes/2.2.0.txt[2.2].
+
+* link:v2.1.4/git.html[documentation for release 2.1.4]
+
+* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/2.1.4.txt[2.1.4],
link:RelNotes/2.1.3.txt[2.1.3],
link:RelNotes/2.1.2.txt[2.1.2],
link:RelNotes/2.1.1.txt[2.1.1],
link:RelNotes/2.1.0.txt[2.1].
-* link:v2.0.4/git.html[documentation for release 2.0.4]
+* link:v2.0.5/git.html[documentation for release 2.0.5]
* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/2.0.5.txt[2.0.5],
link:RelNotes/2.0.4.txt[2.0.4],
link:RelNotes/2.0.3.txt[2.0.3],
link:RelNotes/2.0.2.txt[2.0.2],
link:RelNotes/2.0.1.txt[2.0.1],
link:RelNotes/2.0.0.txt[2.0.0].
-* link:v1.9.4/git.html[documentation for release 1.9.4]
+* link:v1.9.5/git.html[documentation for release 1.9.5]
* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/1.9.5.txt[1.9.5],
link:RelNotes/1.9.4.txt[1.9.4],
link:RelNotes/1.9.3.txt[1.9.3],
link:RelNotes/1.9.2.txt[1.9.2],
link:RelNotes/1.9.1.txt[1.9.1],
link:RelNotes/1.9.0.txt[1.9.0].
-* link:v1.8.5.5/git.html[documentation for release 1.8.5.5]
+* link:v1.8.5.6/git.html[documentation for release 1.8.5.6]
* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/1.8.5.6.txt[1.8.5.6],
link:RelNotes/1.8.5.5.txt[1.8.5.5],
link:RelNotes/1.8.5.4.txt[1.8.5.4],
link:RelNotes/1.8.5.3.txt[1.8.5.3],
@@ -876,19 +895,21 @@ other
and the `core.editor` option in linkgit:git-config[1].
'GIT_SSH'::
- If this environment variable is set then 'git fetch'
- and 'git push' will use this command instead
- of 'ssh' when they need to connect to a remote system.
- The '$GIT_SSH' command will be given exactly two or
- four arguments: the 'username@host' (or just 'host')
- from the URL and the shell command to execute on that
- remote system, optionally preceded by '-p' (literally) and
- the 'port' from the URL when it specifies something other
- than the default SSH port.
+'GIT_SSH_COMMAND'::
+ If either of these environment variables is set then 'git fetch'
+ and 'git push' will use the specified command instead of 'ssh'
+ when they need to connect to a remote system.
+ The command will be given exactly two or four arguments: the
+ 'username@host' (or just 'host') from the URL and the shell
+ command to execute on that remote system, optionally preceded by
+ '-p' (literally) and the 'port' from the URL when it specifies
+ something other than the default SSH port.
+
-To pass options to the program that you want to list in GIT_SSH
-you will need to wrap the program and options into a shell script,
-then set GIT_SSH to refer to the shell script.
+`$GIT_SSH_COMMAND` takes precedence over `$GIT_SSH`, and is interpreted
+by the shell, which allows additional arguments to be included.
+`$GIT_SSH` on the other hand must be just the path to a program
+(which can be a wrapper shell script, if additional arguments are
+needed).
+
Usually it is easier to configure any desired options through your
personal `.ssh/config` file. Please consult your ssh documentation
@@ -901,6 +922,10 @@ for further details.
and read the password from its STDOUT. See also the 'core.askpass'
option in linkgit:git-config[1].
+'GIT_TERMINAL_PROMPT'::
+ If this environment variable is set to `0`, git will not prompt
+ on the terminal (e.g., when asking for HTTP authentication).
+
'GIT_CONFIG_NOSYSTEM'::
Whether to skip reading settings from the system-wide
`$(prefix)/etc/gitconfig` file. This environment variable can
diff --git a/Documentation/gitignore.txt b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
index 8734c15..4fd0442 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitignore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@ PATTERN FORMAT
Put a backslash ("`\`") in front of the first hash for patterns
that begin with a hash.
- - Trailing spaces are ignored unless they are quoted with backlash
+ - Trailing spaces are ignored unless they are quoted with backslash
("`\`").
- An optional prefix "`!`" which negates the pattern; any
@@ -138,9 +138,6 @@ NOTES
The purpose of gitignore files is to ensure that certain files
not tracked by Git remain untracked.
-To ignore uncommitted changes in a file that is already tracked,
-use 'git update-index {litdd}assume-unchanged'.
-
To stop tracking a file that is currently tracked, use
'git rm --cached'.
@@ -203,7 +200,6 @@ everything within `foo/bar`):
SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:git-rm[1],
-linkgit:git-update-index[1],
linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5],
linkgit:git-check-ignore[1]
diff --git a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
index f6c0dfd..ac70eca 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
@@ -38,18 +38,15 @@ submodule.<name>.url::
In addition, there are a number of optional keys:
submodule.<name>.update::
- Defines what to do when the submodule is updated by the superproject.
- If 'checkout' (the default), the new commit specified in the
- superproject will be checked out in the submodule on a detached HEAD.
- If 'rebase', the current branch of the submodule will be rebased onto
- the commit specified in the superproject. If 'merge', the commit
- specified in the superproject will be merged into the current branch
- in the submodule.
- If 'none', the submodule with name `$name` will not be updated
- by default.
-
- This config option is overridden if 'git submodule update' is given
- the '--merge', '--rebase' or '--checkout' options.
+ Defines the default update procedure for the named submodule,
+ i.e. how the submodule is updated by "git submodule update"
+ command in the superproject. This is only used by `git
+ submodule init` to initialize the configuration variable of
+ the same name. Allowed values here are 'checkout', 'rebase',
+ 'merge' or 'none'. See description of 'update' command in
+ linkgit:git-submodule[1] for their meaning. Note that the
+ '!command' form is intentionally ignored here for security
+ reasons.
submodule.<name>.branch::
A remote branch name for tracking updates in the upstream submodule.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
index 64f7ad2..8edf72c 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
@@ -452,8 +452,14 @@ SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:git-remote[1]
+linkgit:git-remote-ext[1]
+
+linkgit:git-remote-fd[1]
+
linkgit:git-remote-testgit[1]
+linkgit:git-fast-import[1]
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt b/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
index f6fbf81..30d2119 100644
--- a/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
@@ -368,17 +368,18 @@ situation:
------------------------------------------------
$ git status
-# On branch master
-# Changes to be committed:
-# (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage)
-#
-# new file: closing.txt
-#
-# Changes not staged for commit:
-# (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
-#
-# modified: file.txt
-#
+On branch master
+Changes to be committed:
+ (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage)
+
+ new file: closing.txt
+
+Changes not staged for commit:
+ (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
+ (use "git checkout -- <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
+
+ modified: file.txt
+
------------------------------------------------
Since the current state of closing.txt is cached in the index file,
diff --git a/Documentation/gittutorial.txt b/Documentation/gittutorial.txt
index af9f709..b00c67d 100644
--- a/Documentation/gittutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gittutorial.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ gittutorial(7)
NAME
----
-gittutorial - A tutorial introduction to Git (for version 1.5.1 or newer)
+gittutorial - A tutorial introduction to Git
SYNOPSIS
--------
@@ -107,14 +107,15 @@ summary of the situation with 'git status':
------------------------------------------------
$ git status
-# On branch master
-# Changes to be committed:
-# (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage)
-#
-# modified: file1
-# modified: file2
-# modified: file3
-#
+On branch master
+Changes to be committed:
+Your branch is up-to-date with 'origin/master'.
+ (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage)
+
+ modified: file1
+ modified: file2
+ modified: file3
+
------------------------------------------------
If you need to make any further adjustments, do so now, and then add any
diff --git a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
index afccfdc..97ef2e8 100644
--- a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
@@ -172,11 +172,6 @@ explicitly.
Pretend as if all objects mentioned by reflogs are listed on the
command line as `<commit>`.
---indexed-objects::
- Pretend as if all trees and blobs used by the index are listed
- on the command line. Note that you probably want to use
- `--objects`, too.
-
--ignore-missing::
Upon seeing an invalid object name in the input, pretend as if
the bad input was not given.
@@ -644,6 +639,7 @@ Object Traversal
These options are mostly targeted for packing of Git repositories.
+ifdef::git-rev-list[]
--objects::
Print the object IDs of any object referenced by the listed
commits. `--objects foo ^bar` thus means ``send me
@@ -653,13 +649,24 @@ These options are mostly targeted for packing of Git repositories.
--objects-edge::
Similar to `--objects`, but also print the IDs of excluded
commits prefixed with a ``-'' character. This is used by
- linkgit:git-pack-objects[1] to build ``thin'' pack, which records
+ linkgit:git-pack-objects[1] to build a ``thin'' pack, which records
objects in deltified form based on objects contained in these
excluded commits to reduce network traffic.
+--objects-edge-aggressive::
+ Similar to `--objects-edge`, but it tries harder to find excluded
+ commits at the cost of increased time. This is used instead of
+ `--objects-edge` to build ``thin'' packs for shallow repositories.
+
+--indexed-objects::
+ Pretend as if all trees and blobs used by the index are listed
+ on the command line. Note that you probably want to use
+ `--objects`, too.
+
--unpacked::
Only useful with `--objects`; print the object IDs that are not
in packs.
+endif::git-rev-list[]
--no-walk[=(sorted|unsorted)]::
Only show the given commits, but do not traverse their ancestors.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
index c1b42a4..e44426d 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
@@ -248,7 +248,10 @@ FORMAT` in linkgit:git-credential[7] for a detailed specification).
For a `get` operation, the helper should produce a list of attributes
on stdout in the same format. A helper is free to produce a subset, or
even no values at all if it has nothing useful to provide. Any provided
-attributes will overwrite those already known about by Git.
+attributes will overwrite those already known about by Git. If a helper
+outputs a `quit` attribute with a value of `true` or `1`, no further
+helpers will be consulted, nor will the user be prompted (if no
+credential has been provided, the operation will then fail).
For a `store` or `erase` operation, the helper's output is ignored.
If it fails to perform the requested operation, it may complain to
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt
index d51a657..c08402b 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ member (you need this if you add things later) and you should set the
`unsorted_string_list_has_string` and get it from the list using
`string_list_lookup` for sorted lists.
-. Can sort an unsorted list using `sort_string_list`.
+. Can sort an unsorted list using `string_list_sort`.
. Can remove duplicate items from a sorted list using
`string_list_remove_duplicates`.
@@ -146,7 +146,7 @@ write `string_list_insert(...)->util = ...;`.
ownership of a malloc()ed string to a `string_list` that has
`strdup_string` set.
-`sort_string_list`::
+`string_list_sort`::
Sort the list's entries by string value in `strcmp()` order.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt b/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt
index 1250b5c..35112e4 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt
@@ -207,7 +207,7 @@ Git index format
in a separate file. This extension records the changes to be made on
top of that to produce the final index.
- The signature for this extension is { 'l', 'i, 'n', 'k' }.
+ The signature for this extension is { 'l', 'i', 'n', 'k' }.
The extension consists of: