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-rw-r--r--Documentation/CodingGuidelines14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/Makefile7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.0.txt675
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.1.txt131
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.2.txt111
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.3.txt48
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.0.txt593
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.0.txt255
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.10.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.10.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.4.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.1.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.0.txt512
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.1.txt117
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.2.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.3.txt170
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.4.txt83
-rw-r--r--Documentation/SubmittingPatches10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/blame-options.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/config.txt428
-rw-r--r--Documentation/date-formats.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-config.txt35
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-format.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-heuristic-options.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-options.txt35
-rw-r--r--Documentation/fetch-options.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-add.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-am.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-annotate.txt1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bisect.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-blame.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-branch.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cat-file.txt50
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-checkout.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clean.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clone.txt27
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-config.txt33
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-count-objects.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential-store.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-daemon.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-describe.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff-index.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-difftool.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-import.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fetch.txt51
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-format-patch.txt74
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fsck.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-gc.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-grep.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-gui.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-help.txt32
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-http-backend.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-http-push.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-index-pack.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-init.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-instaweb.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt17
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-log.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-files.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mailsplit.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-base.txt26
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mergetool.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mktree.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mv.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-notes.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-p4.txt50
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pull.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-push.txt21
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rebase.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-repack.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-replace.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-revert.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-email.txt93
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-pack.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-shell.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-shortlog.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show-branch.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show-ref.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-stash.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-status.txt133
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-submodule.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-svn.txt53
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tag.txt15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-index.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-upload-pack.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-verify-commit.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-web--browse.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-worktree.txt57
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git.txt218
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitattributes.txt233
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcredentials.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/githooks.txt91
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitignore.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitk.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitmodules.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt27
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitrevisions.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitweb.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/new-command.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/revert-a-faulty-merge.txt16
-rwxr-xr-xDocumentation/lint-gitlink.perl71
-rw-r--r--Documentation/merge-config.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/merge-options.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pretty-formats.txt27
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pretty-options.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/rev-list-options.txt55
-rw-r--r--Documentation/revisions.txt164
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-hashmap.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-submodule-config.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt34
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/protocol-common.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/signature-format.txt186
142 files changed, 5048 insertions, 812 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index 0ddd368..4cd95da 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -526,12 +526,20 @@ Writing Documentation:
modifying paragraphs or option/command explanations that contain options
or commands:
- Literal examples (e.g. use of command-line options, command names, and
- configuration variables) are typeset in monospace, and if you can use
- `backticks around word phrases`, do so.
+ Literal examples (e.g. use of command-line options, command names,
+ branch names, configuration and environment variables) must be
+ typeset in monospace (i.e. wrapped with backticks):
`--pretty=oneline`
`git rev-list`
`remote.pushDefault`
+ `GIT_DIR`
+ `HEAD`
+
+ An environment variable must be prefixed with "$" only when referring to its
+ value and not when referring to the variable itself, in this case there is
+ nothing to add except the backticks:
+ `GIT_DIR` is specified
+ `$GIT_DIR/hooks/pre-receive`
Word phrases enclosed in `backtick characters` are rendered literally
and will not be further expanded. The use of `backticks` to achieve the
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index 3e39e28..b43d66e 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -76,6 +76,7 @@ TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-common
TECH_DOCS += technical/racy-git
TECH_DOCS += technical/send-pack-pipeline
TECH_DOCS += technical/shallow
+TECH_DOCS += technical/signature-format
TECH_DOCS += technical/trivial-merge
SP_ARTICLES += $(TECH_DOCS)
SP_ARTICLES += technical/api-index
@@ -146,7 +147,7 @@ else
ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-asciidoc-no-roff
endif
endif
-ifdef MAN_BOLD_LITERAL
+ifndef NO_MAN_BOLD_LITERAL
XMLTO_EXTRA += -m manpage-bold-literal.xsl
endif
ifdef DOCBOOK_SUPPRESS_SP
@@ -204,6 +205,7 @@ ifndef V
QUIET_DBLATEX = @echo ' ' DBLATEX $@;
QUIET_XSLTPROC = @echo ' ' XSLTPROC $@;
QUIET_GEN = @echo ' ' GEN $@;
+ QUIET_LINT = @echo ' ' LINT $@;
QUIET_STDERR = 2> /dev/null
QUIET_SUBDIR0 = +@subdir=
QUIET_SUBDIR1 = ;$(NO_SUBDIR) echo ' ' SUBDIR $$subdir; \
@@ -427,4 +429,7 @@ quick-install-html: require-htmlrepo
print-man1:
@for i in $(MAN1_TXT); do echo $$i; done
+lint-docs::
+ $(QUIET_LINT)$(PERL_PATH) lint-gitlink.perl
+
.PHONY: FORCE
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f4da28a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,675 @@
+Git 2.10 Release Notes
+======================
+
+Backward compatibility notes
+----------------------------
+
+Updates since v2.9
+------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * "git pull --rebase --verify-signature" learned to warn the user
+ that "--verify-signature" is a no-op when rebasing.
+
+ * An upstream project can make a recommendation to shallowly clone
+ some submodules in the .gitmodules file it ships.
+
+ * "git worktree add" learned that '-' can be used as a short-hand for
+ "@{-1}", the previous branch.
+
+ * Update the funcname definition to support css files.
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/) learned to complete "git
+ status" options.
+
+ * Messages that are generated by auto gc during "git push" on the
+ receiving end are now passed back to the sending end in such a way
+ that they are shown with "remote: " prefix to avoid confusing the
+ users.
+
+ * "git add -i/-p" learned to honor diff.compactionHeuristic
+ experimental knob, so that the user can work on the same hunk split
+ as "git diff" output.
+
+ * "upload-pack" allows a custom "git pack-objects" replacement when
+ responding to "fetch/clone" via the uploadpack.packObjectsHook.
+ (merge b738396 jk/upload-pack-hook later to maint).
+
+ * Teach format-patch and mailsplit (hence "am") how a line that
+ happens to begin with "From " in the e-mail message is quoted with
+ ">", so that these lines can be restored to their original shape.
+ (merge d9925d1 ew/mboxrd-format-am later to maint).
+
+ * "git repack" learned the "--keep-unreachable" option, which sends
+ loose unreachable objects to a pack instead of leaving them loose.
+ This helps heuristics based on the number of loose objects
+ (e.g. "gc --auto").
+ (merge e26a8c4 jk/repack-keep-unreachable later to maint).
+
+ * "log --graph --format=" learned that "%>|(N)" specifies the width
+ relative to the terminal's left edge, not relative to the area to
+ draw text that is to the right of the ancestry-graph section. It
+ also now accepts negative N that means the column limit is relative
+ to the right border.
+
+ * A careless invocation of "git send-email directory/" after editing
+ 0001-change.patch with an editor often ends up sending both
+ 0001-change.patch and its backup file, 0001-change.patch~, causing
+ embarrassment and a minor confusion. Detect such an input and
+ offer to skip the backup files when sending the patches out.
+ (merge 531220b jc/send-email-skip-backup later to maint).
+
+ * "git submodule update" that drives many "git clone" could
+ eventually hit flaky servers/network conditions on one of the
+ submodules; the command learned to retry the attempt.
+
+ * The output coloring scheme learned two new attributes, italic and
+ strike, in addition to existing bold, reverse, etc.
+
+ * "git log" learns log.showSignature configuration variable, and a
+ command line option "--no-show-signature" to countermand it.
+ (merge fce04c3 mj/log-show-signature-conf later to maint).
+
+ * More markings of messages for i18n, with updates to various tests
+ to pass GETTEXT_POISON tests.
+
+ * "git archive" learned to handle files that are larger than 8GB and
+ commits far in the future than expressible by the traditional US-TAR
+ format.
+ (merge 560b0e8 jk/big-and-future-archive-tar later to maint).
+
+
+ * A new configuration variable core.sshCommand has been added to
+ specify what value for GIT_SSH_COMMAND to use per repository.
+
+ * "git worktree prune" protected worktrees that are marked as
+ "locked" by creating a file in a known location. "git worktree"
+ command learned a dedicated command pair to create and remove such
+ a file, so that the users do not have to do this with editor.
+
+ * A handful of "git svn" updates.
+
+ * "git push" learned to accept and pass extra options to the
+ receiving end so that hooks can read and react to them.
+
+ * "git status" learned to suggest "merge --abort" during a conflicted
+ merge, just like it already suggests "rebase --abort" during a
+ conflicted rebase.
+
+ * "git jump" script (in contrib/) has been updated a bit.
+ (merge a91e692 jk/git-jump later to maint).
+
+ * "git push" and "git clone" learned to give better progress meters
+ to the end user who is waiting on the terminal.
+
+ * An entry "git log --decorate" for the tip of the current branch is
+ shown as "HEAD -> name" (where "name" is the name of the branch);
+ the arrow is now painted in the same color as "HEAD", not in the
+ color for commits.
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned format.from configuration variable to
+ specify the default settings for its "--from" option.
+
+ * "git am -3" calls "git merge-recursive" when it needs to fall back
+ to a three-way merge; this call has been turned into an internal
+ subroutine call instead of spawning a separate subprocess.
+
+ * The command line completion scripts (in contrib/) now knows about
+ "git branch --delete/--move [--remote]".
+ (merge 2703c22 vs/completion-branch-fully-spelled-d-m-r later to maint).
+
+ * "git rev-parse --git-path hooks/<hook>" learned to take
+ core.hooksPath configuration variable (introduced during 2.9 cycle)
+ into account.
+ (merge 9445b49 ab/hooks later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --show-signature" and other commands that display the
+ verification status of PGP signature now shows the longer key-id,
+ as 32-bit key-id is so last century.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * "git fast-import" learned the same performance trick to avoid
+ creating too small a packfile as "git fetch" and "git push" have,
+ using *.unpackLimit configuration.
+
+ * When "git daemon" is run without --[init-]timeout specified, a
+ connection from a client that silently goes offline can hang around
+ for a long time, wasting resources. The socket-level KEEPALIVE has
+ been enabled to allow the OS to notice such failed connections.
+
+ * "git upload-pack" command has been updated to use the parse-options
+ API.
+
+ * The "git apply" standalone program is being libified; the first
+ step to move many state variables into a structure that can be
+ explicitly (re)initialized to make the machinery callable more
+ than once has been merged.
+
+ * HTTP transport gained an option to produce more detailed debugging
+ trace.
+ (merge 73e57aa ep/http-curl-trace later to maint).
+
+ * Instead of taking advantage of the fact that a struct string_list
+ that is allocated with all NULs happens to be the INIT_NODUP kind,
+ the users of string_list structures are taught to initialize them
+ explicitly as such, to document their behaviour better.
+ (merge 2721ce2 jk/string-list-static-init later to maint).
+
+ * HTTPd tests learned to show the server error log to help diagnosing
+ a failing tests.
+ (merge 44f243d nd/test-lib-httpd-show-error-log-in-verbose later to maint).
+
+ * The ownership rule for the piece of memory that hold references to
+ be fetched in "git fetch" was screwy, which has been cleaned up.
+
+ * "git bisect" makes an internal call to "git diff-tree" when
+ bisection finds the culprit, but this call did not initialize the
+ data structure to pass to the diff-tree API correctly.
+
+ * Further preparatory clean-up for "worktree" feature continues.
+ (merge 0409e0b nd/worktree-cleanup-post-head-protection later to maint).
+
+ * Formats of the various data (and how to validate them) where we use
+ GPG signature have been documented.
+
+ * A new run-command API function pipe_command() is introduced to
+ sanely feed data to the standard input while capturing data from
+ the standard output and the standard error of an external process,
+ which is cumbersome to hand-roll correctly without deadlocking.
+
+ * The codepath to sign data in a prepared buffer with GPG has been
+ updated to use this API to read from the status-fd to check for
+ errors (instead of relying on GPG's exit status).
+ (merge efee955 jk/gpg-interface-cleanup later to maint).
+
+ * Allow t/perf framework to use the features from the most recent
+ version of Git even when testing an older installed version.
+
+ * The commands in the "log/diff" family have had an FILE* pointer in the
+ data structure they pass around for a long time, but some codepaths
+ used to always write to the standard output. As a preparatory step
+ to make "git format-patch" available to the internal callers, these
+ codepaths have been updated to consistently write into that FILE*
+ instead.
+
+ * Conversion from unsigned char sha1[20] to struct object_id
+ continues.
+
+ * Improve the look of the way "git fetch" reports what happened to
+ each ref that was fetched.
+
+ * The .c/.h sources are marked as such in our .gitattributes file so
+ that "git diff -W" and friends would work better.
+
+ * Code clean-up to avoid using a variable string that compilers may
+ feel untrustable as printf-style format given to write_file()
+ helper function.
+
+ * "git p4" used a location outside $GIT_DIR/refs/ to place its
+ temporary branches, which has been moved to refs/git-p4-tmp/.
+
+ * Existing autoconf generated test for the need to link with pthread
+ library did not check all the functions from pthread libraries;
+ recent FreeBSD has some functions in libc but not others, and we
+ mistakenly thought linking with libc is enough when it is not.
+
+ * When "git fsck" reports a broken link (e.g. a tree object contains
+ a blob that does not exist), both containing object and the object
+ that is referred to were reported with their 40-hex object names.
+ The command learned the "--name-objects" option to show the path to
+ the containing object from existing refs (e.g. "HEAD~24^2:file.txt").
+
+ * Allow http daemon tests in Travis CI tests.
+
+ * Makefile assumed that -lrt is always available on platforms that
+ want to use clock_gettime() and CLOCK_MONOTONIC, which is not a
+ case for recent Mac OS X. The necessary symbols are often found in
+ libc on many modern systems and having -lrt on the command line, as
+ long as the library exists, had no effect, but when the platform
+ removes librt.a that is a different matter--having -lrt will break
+ the linkage.
+
+ This change could be seen as a regression for those who do need to
+ specify -lrt, as they now specifically ask for NEEDS_LIBRT when
+ building. Hopefully they are in the minority these days.
+
+ * Further preparatory work on the refs API before the pluggable
+ backend series can land.
+
+ * Error handling in the codepaths that updates refs has been
+ improved.
+
+ * The API to iterate over all the refs (i.e. for_each_ref(), etc.)
+ has been revamped.
+
+ * The handling of the "text=auto" attribute has been corrected.
+ $ echo "* text=auto eol=crlf" >.gitattributes
+ used to have the same effect as
+ $ echo "* text eol=crlf" >.gitattributes
+ i.e. declaring all files are text (ignoring "auto"). The
+ combination has been fixed to be equivalent to doing
+ $ git config core.autocrlf true
+
+ * Documentation has been updated to show better example usage
+ of the updated "text=auto" attribute.
+
+ * A few tests that specifically target "git rebase -i" have been
+ added.
+
+ * Dumb http transport on the client side has been optimized.
+ (merge ecba195 ew/http-walker later to maint).
+
+ * Users of the parse_options_concat() API function need to allocate
+ extra slots in advance and fill them with OPT_END() when they want
+ to decide the set of supported options dynamically, which makes the
+ code error-prone and hard to read. This has been corrected by tweaking
+ the API to allocate and return a new copy of "struct option" array.
+
+ * "git fetch" exchanges batched have/ack messages between the sender
+ and the receiver, initially doubling every time and then falling
+ back to enlarge the window size linearly. The "smart http"
+ transport, being an half-duplex protocol, outgrows the preset limit
+ too quickly and becomes inefficient when interacting with a large
+ repository. The internal mechanism learned to grow the window size
+ more aggressively when working with the "smart http" transport.
+
+ * Tests for "git svn" have been taught to reuse the lib-httpd test
+ infrastructure when testing the subversion integration that
+ interacts with subversion repositories served over the http://
+ protocol.
+ (merge a8a5d25 ew/git-svn-http-tests later to maint).
+
+ * "git pack-objects" has a few options that tell it not to pack
+ objects found in certain packfiles, which require it to scan .idx
+ files of all available packs. The codepaths involved in these
+ operations have been optimized for a common case of not having any
+ non-local pack and/or any .kept pack.
+
+ * The t3700 test about "add --chmod=-x" have been made a bit more
+ robust and generally cleaned up.
+ (merge 766cdc4 ib/t3700-add-chmod-x-updates later to maint).
+
+ * The build procedure learned PAGER_ENV knob that lists what default
+ environment variable settings to export for popular pagers. This
+ mechanism is used to tweak the default settings to MORE on FreeBSD.
+ (merge 995bc22 ew/build-time-pager-tweaks later to maint).
+
+ * The http-backend (the server-side component of smart-http
+ transport) used to trickle the HTTP header one at a time. Now
+ these write(2)s are batched.
+ (merge b36045c ew/http-backend-batch-headers later to maint).
+
+ * When "git rebase" tries to compare set of changes on the updated
+ upstream and our own branch, it computes patch-id for all of these
+ changes and attempts to find matches. This has been optimized by
+ lazily computing the full patch-id (which is expensive) to be
+ compared only for changes that touch the same set of paths.
+ (merge ba67504 kw/patch-ids-optim later to maint).
+
+ * A handful of tests that were broken under gettext-poison build have
+ been fixed.
+
+ * The recent i18n patch we added during this cycle did a bit too much
+ refactoring of the messages to avoid word-legos; the repetition has
+ been reduced to help translators.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.9
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.8 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * The commands in `git log` family take %C(auto) in a custom format
+ string. This unconditionally turned the color on, ignoring
+ --no-color or with --color=auto when the output is not connected to
+ a tty; this was corrected to make the format truly behave as
+ "auto".
+
+ * "git rev-list --count" whose walk-length is limited with "-n"
+ option did not work well with the counting optimized to look at the
+ bitmap index.
+
+ * "git show -W" (extend hunks to cover the entire function, delimited
+ by lines that match the "funcname" pattern) used to show the entire
+ file when a change added an entire function at the end of the file,
+ which has been fixed.
+
+ * The documentation set has been updated so that literal commands,
+ configuration variables and environment variables are consistently
+ typeset in fixed-width font and bold in manpages.
+
+ * "git svn propset" subcommand that was added in 2.3 days is
+ documented now.
+
+ * The documentation tries to consistently spell "GPG"; when
+ referring to the specific program name, "gpg" is used.
+
+ * "git reflog" stopped upon seeing an entry that denotes a branch
+ creation event (aka "unborn"), which made it appear as if the
+ reflog was truncated.
+
+ * The git-prompt scriptlet (in contrib/) was not friendly with those
+ who uses "set -u", which has been fixed.
+
+ * compat/regex code did not cleanly compile.
+
+ * A codepath that used alloca(3) to place an unbounded amount of data
+ on the stack has been updated to avoid doing so.
+
+ * "git update-index --add --chmod=+x file" may be usable as an escape
+ hatch, but not a friendly thing to force for people who do need to
+ use it regularly. "git add --chmod=+x file" can be used instead.
+
+ * Build improvements for gnome-keyring (in contrib/)
+
+ * "git status" used to say "working directory" when it meant "working
+ tree".
+
+ * Comments about misbehaving FreeBSD shells have been clarified with
+ the version number (9.x and before are broken, newer ones are OK).
+
+ * "git cherry-pick A" worked on an unborn branch, but "git
+ cherry-pick A..B" didn't.
+
+ * Fix an unintended regression in v2.9 that breaks "clone --depth"
+ that recurses down to submodules by forcing the submodules to also
+ be cloned shallowly, which many server instances that host upstream
+ of the submodules are not prepared for.
+
+ * Fix unnecessarily waste in the idiomatic use of ': ${VAR=default}'
+ to set the default value, without enclosing it in double quotes.
+
+ * Some platform-specific code had non-ANSI strict declarations of C
+ functions that do not take any parameters, which has been
+ corrected.
+
+ * The internal code used to show local timezone offset is not
+ prepared to handle timestamps beyond year 2100, and gave a
+ bogus offset value to the caller. Use a more benign looking
+ +0000 instead and let "git log" going in such a case, instead
+ of aborting.
+
+ * One among four invocations of readlink(1) in our test suite has
+ been rewritten so that the test can run on systems without the
+ command (others are in valgrind test framework and t9802).
+
+ * t/perf needs /usr/bin/time with GNU extension; the invocation of it
+ is updated to "gtime" on Darwin.
+
+ * A bug, which caused "git p4" while running under verbose mode to
+ report paths that are omitted due to branch prefix incorrectly, has
+ been fixed; the command said "Ignoring file outside of prefix" for
+ paths that are _inside_.
+
+ * The top level documentation "git help git" still pointed at the
+ documentation set hosted at now-defunct google-code repository.
+ Update it to point to https://git.github.io/htmldocs/git.html
+ instead.
+
+ * A helper function that takes the contents of a commit object and
+ finds its subject line did not ignore leading blank lines, as is
+ commonly done by other codepaths. Make it ignore leading blank
+ lines to match.
+
+ * For a long time, we carried an in-code comment that said our
+ colored output would work only when we use fprintf/fputs on
+ Windows, which no longer is the case for the past few years.
+
+ * "gc.autoPackLimit" when set to 1 should not trigger a repacking
+ when there is only one pack, but the code counted poorly and did
+ so.
+
+ * Add a test to specify the desired behaviour that currently is not
+ available in "git rebase -Xsubtree=...".
+
+ * More mark-up updates to typeset strings that are expected to
+ literally typed by the end user in fixed-width font.
+
+ * "git commit --amend --allow-empty-message -S" for a commit without
+ any message body could have misidentified where the header of the
+ commit object ends.
+
+ * "git rebase -i --autostash" did not restore the auto-stashed change
+ when the operation was aborted.
+
+ * Git does not know what the contents in the index should be for a
+ path added with "git add -N" yet, so "git grep --cached" should not
+ show hits (or show lack of hits, with -L) in such a path, but that
+ logic does not apply to "git grep", i.e. searching in the working
+ tree files. But we did so by mistake, which has been corrected.
+
+ * "git blame -M" missed a single line that was moved within the file.
+
+ * Fix recently introduced codepaths that are involved in parallel
+ submodule operations, which gave up on reading too early, and
+ could have wasted CPU while attempting to write under a corner
+ case condition.
+
+ * "git grep -i" has been taught to fold case in non-ascii locales
+ correctly.
+
+ * A test that unconditionally used "mktemp" learned that the command
+ is not necessarily available everywhere.
+
+ * There are certain house-keeping tasks that need to be performed at
+ the very beginning of any Git program, and programs that are not
+ built-in commands had to do them exactly the same way as "git"
+ potty does. It was easy to make mistakes in one-off standalone
+ programs (like test helpers). A common "main()" function that
+ calls cmd_main() of individual program has been introduced to
+ make it harder to make mistakes.
+ (merge de61ceb jk/common-main later to maint).
+
+ * The test framework learned a new helper test_match_signal to
+ check an exit code from getting killed by an expected signal.
+
+ * General code clean-up around a helper function to write a
+ single-liner to a file.
+ (merge 7eb6e10 jk/write-file later to maint).
+
+ * One part of "git am" had an oddball helper function that called
+ stuff from outside "his" as opposed to calling what we have "ours",
+ which was not gender-neutral and also inconsistent with the rest of
+ the system where outside stuff is usuall called "theirs" in
+ contrast to "ours".
+
+ * "git blame file" allowed the lineage of lines in the uncommitted,
+ unadded contents of "file" to be inspected, but it refused when
+ "file" did not appear in the current commit. When "file" was
+ created by renaming an existing file (but the change has not been
+ committed), this restriction was unnecessarily tight.
+
+ * "git add -N dir/file && git write-tree" produced an incorrect tree
+ when there are other paths in the same directory that sorts after
+ "file".
+
+ * "git fetch http://user:pass@host/repo..." scrubbed the userinfo
+ part, but "git push" didn't.
+
+ * "git merge" with renormalization did not work well with
+ merge-recursive, due to "safer crlf" conversion kicking in when it
+ shouldn't.
+ (merge 1335d76 jc/renormalize-merge-kill-safer-crlf later to maint).
+
+ * The use of strbuf in "git rm" to build filename to remove was a bit
+ suboptimal, which has been fixed.
+
+ * An age old bug that caused "git diff --ignore-space-at-eol"
+ misbehave has been fixed.
+
+ * "git notes merge" had a code to see if a path exists (and fails if
+ it does) and then open the path for writing (when it doesn't).
+ Replace it with open with O_EXCL.
+
+ * "git pack-objects" and "git index-pack" mostly operate with off_t
+ when talking about the offset of objects in a packfile, but there
+ were a handful of places that used "unsigned long" to hold that
+ value, leading to an unintended truncation.
+
+ * Recent update to "git daemon" tries to enable the socket-level
+ KEEPALIVE, but when it is spawned via inetd, the standard input
+ file descriptor may not necessarily be connected to a socket.
+ Suppress an ENOTSOCK error from setsockopt().
+
+ * Recent FreeBSD stopped making perl available at /usr/bin/perl;
+ switch the default the built-in path to /usr/local/bin/perl on not
+ too ancient FreeBSD releases.
+
+ * "git commit --help" said "--no-verify" is only about skipping the
+ pre-commit hook, and failed to say that it also skipped the
+ commit-msg hook.
+
+ * "git merge" in Git v2.9 was taught to forbid merging an unrelated
+ lines of history by default, but that is exactly the kind of thing
+ the "--rejoin" mode of "git subtree" (in contrib/) wants to do.
+ "git subtree" has been taught to use the "--allow-unrelated-histories"
+ option to override the default.
+
+ * The build procedure for "git persistent-https" helper (in contrib/)
+ has been updated so that it can be built with more recent versions
+ of Go.
+
+ * There is an optimization used in "git diff $treeA $treeB" to borrow
+ an already checked-out copy in the working tree when it is known to
+ be the same as the blob being compared, expecting that open/mmap of
+ such a file is faster than reading it from the object store, which
+ involves inflating and applying delta. This however kicked in even
+ when the checked-out copy needs to go through the convert-to-git
+ conversion (including the clean filter), which defeats the whole
+ point of the optimization. The optimization has been disabled when
+ the conversion is necessary.
+
+ * "git -c grep.patternType=extended log --basic-regexp" misbehaved
+ because the internal API to access the grep machinery was not
+ designed well.
+
+ * Windows port was failing some tests in t4130, due to the lack of
+ inum in the returned values by its lstat(2) emulation.
+
+ * The reflog output format is documented better, and a new format
+ --date=unix to report the seconds-since-epoch (without timezone)
+ has been added.
+ (merge 442f6fd jk/reflog-date later to maint).
+
+ * "git difftool <paths>..." started in a subdirectory failed to
+ interpret the paths relative to that directory, which has been
+ fixed.
+
+ * The characters in the label shown for tags/refs for commits in
+ "gitweb" output are now properly escaped for proper HTML output.
+
+ * FreeBSD can lie when asked mtime of a directory, which made the
+ untracked cache code to fall back to a slow-path, which in turn
+ caused tests in t7063 to fail because it wanted to verify the
+ behaviour of the fast-path.
+
+ * Squelch compiler warnings for nedmalloc (in compat/) library.
+
+ * A small memory leak in the command line parsing of "git blame"
+ has been plugged.
+
+ * The API documentation for hashmap was unclear if hashmap_entry
+ can be safely discarded without any other consideration. State
+ that it is safe to do so.
+
+ * Not-so-recent rewrite of "git am" that started making internal
+ calls into the commit machinery had an unintended regression, in
+ that no matter how many seconds it took to apply many patches, the
+ resulting committer timestamp for the resulting commits were all
+ the same.
+
+ * "git push --force-with-lease" already had enough logic to allow
+ ensuring that such a push results in creation of a ref (i.e. the
+ receiving end did not have another push from sideways that would be
+ discarded by our force-pushing), but didn't expose this possibility
+ to the users. It does so now.
+ (merge 9eed4f3 jk/push-force-with-lease-creation later to maint).
+
+ * The mechanism to limit the pack window memory size, when packing is
+ done using multiple threads (which is the default), is per-thread,
+ but this was not documented clearly.
+ (merge 954176c ms/document-pack-window-memory-is-per-thread later to maint).
+
+ * "import-tars" fast-import script (in contrib/) used to ignore a
+ hardlink target and replaced it with an empty file, which has been
+ corrected to record the same blob as the other file the hardlink is
+ shared with.
+ (merge 04e0869 js/import-tars-hardlinks later to maint).
+
+ * "git mv dir non-existing-dir/" did not work in some environments
+ the same way as existing mainstream platforms. The code now moves
+ "dir" to "non-existing-dir", without relying on rename("A", "B/")
+ that strips the trailing slash of '/'.
+ (merge 189d035 js/mv-dir-to-new-directory later to maint).
+
+ * The "t/" hierarchy is prone to get an unusual pathname; "make test"
+ has been taught to make sure they do not contain paths that cannot
+ be checked out on Windows (and the mechanism can be reusable to
+ catch pathnames that are not portable to other platforms as need
+ arises).
+ (merge c2cafd3 js/test-lint-pathname later to maint).
+
+ * When "git merge-recursive" works on history with many criss-cross
+ merges in "verbose" mode, the names the command assigns to the
+ virtual merge bases could have overwritten each other by unintended
+ reuse of the same piece of memory.
+ (merge 5447a76 rs/pull-signed-tag later to maint).
+
+ * "git checkout --detach <branch>" used to give the same advice
+ message as that is issued when "git checkout <tag>" (or anything
+ that is not a branch name) is given, but asking with "--detach" is
+ an explicit enough sign that the user knows what is going on. The
+ advice message has been squelched in this case.
+ (merge 779b88a sb/checkout-explit-detach-no-advice later to maint).
+
+ * "git difftool" by default ignores the error exit from the backend
+ commands it spawns, because often they signal that they found
+ differences by exiting with a non-zero status code just like "diff"
+ does; the exit status codes 126 and above however are special in
+ that they are used to signal that the command is not executable,
+ does not exist, or killed by a signal. "git difftool" has been
+ taught to notice these exit status codes.
+ (merge 45a4f5d jk/difftool-command-not-found later to maint).
+
+ * On Windows, help.browser configuration variable used to be ignored,
+ which has been corrected.
+ (merge 6db5967 js/no-html-bypass-on-windows later to maint).
+
+ * The "git -c var[=val] cmd" facility to append a configuration
+ variable definition at the end of the search order was described in
+ git(1) manual page, but not in git-config(1), which was more likely
+ place for people to look for when they ask "can I make a one-shot
+ override, and if so how?"
+ (merge ae1f709 dg/document-git-c-in-git-config-doc later to maint).
+
+ * The tempfile (hence its user lockfile) API lets the caller to open
+ a file descriptor to a temporary file, write into it and then
+ finalize it by first closing the filehandle and then either
+ removing or renaming the temporary file. When the process spawns a
+ subprocess after obtaining the file descriptor, and if the
+ subprocess has not exited when the attempt to remove or rename is
+ made, the last step fails on Windows, because the subprocess has
+ the file descriptor still open. Open tempfile with O_CLOEXEC flag
+ to avoid this (on Windows, this is mapped to O_NOINHERIT).
+ (merge 05d1ed6 bw/mingw-avoid-inheriting-fd-to-lockfile later to maint).
+
+ * Correct an age-old calco (is that a typo-like word for calc)
+ in the documentation.
+ (merge 7841c48 ls/packet-line-protocol-doc-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Other minor clean-ups and documentation updates
+ (merge 02a8cfa rs/merge-add-strategies-simplification later to maint).
+ (merge af4941d rs/merge-recursive-string-list-init later to maint).
+ (merge 1eb47f1 rs/use-strbuf-add-unique-abbrev later to maint).
+ (merge ddd0bfa jk/tighten-alloc later to maint).
+ (merge ecf30b2 rs/mailinfo-lib later to maint).
+ (merge 0eb75ce sg/reflog-past-root later to maint).
+ (merge 4369523 hv/doc-commit-reference-style later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..70462f7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,131 @@
+Git v2.10.1 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.10
+-----------------
+
+ * Clarify various ways to specify the "revision ranges" in the
+ documentation.
+
+ * "diff-highlight" script (in contrib/) learned to work better with
+ "git log -p --graph" output.
+
+ * The test framework left the number of tests and success/failure
+ count in the t/test-results directory, keyed by the name of the
+ test script plus the process ID. The latter however turned out not
+ to serve any useful purpose. The process ID part of the filename
+ has been removed.
+
+ * Having a submodule whose ".git" repository is somehow corrupt
+ caused a few commands that recurse into submodules loop forever.
+
+ * "git symbolic-ref -d HEAD" happily removes the symbolic ref, but
+ the resulting repository becomes an invalid one. Teach the command
+ to forbid removal of HEAD.
+
+ * A test spawned a short-lived background process, which sometimes
+ prevented the test directory from getting removed at the end of the
+ script on some platforms.
+
+ * Update a few tests that used to use GIT_CURL_VERBOSE to use the
+ newer GIT_TRACE_CURL.
+
+ * Update Japanese translation for "git-gui".
+
+ * "git fetch http::/site/path" did not die correctly and segfaulted
+ instead.
+
+ * "git commit-tree" stopped reading commit.gpgsign configuration
+ variable that was meant for Porcelain "git commit" in Git 2.9; we
+ forgot to update "git gui" to look at the configuration to match
+ this change.
+
+ * "git log --cherry-pick" used to include merge commits as candidates
+ to be matched up with other commits, resulting a lot of wasted time.
+ The patch-id generation logic has been updated to ignore merges to
+ avoid the wastage.
+
+ * The http transport (with curl-multi option, which is the default
+ these days) failed to remove curl-easy handle from a curlm session,
+ which led to unnecessary API failures.
+
+ * "git diff -W" output needs to extend the context backward to
+ include the header line of the current function and also forward to
+ include the body of the entire current function up to the header
+ line of the next one. This process may have to merge to adjacent
+ hunks, but the code forgot to do so in some cases.
+
+ * Performance tests done via "t/perf" did not use the same set of
+ build configuration if the user relied on autoconf generated
+ configuration.
+
+ * "git format-patch --base=..." feature that was recently added
+ showed the base commit information after "-- " e-mail signature
+ line, which turned out to be inconvenient. The base information
+ has been moved above the signature line.
+
+ * Even when "git pull --rebase=preserve" (and the underlying "git
+ rebase --preserve") can complete without creating any new commit
+ (i.e. fast-forwards), it still insisted on having a usable ident
+ information (read: user.email is set correctly), which was less
+ than nice. As the underlying commands used inside "git rebase"
+ would fail with a more meaningful error message and advice text
+ when the bogus ident matters, this extra check was removed.
+
+ * "git gc --aggressive" used to limit the delta-chain length to 250,
+ which is way too deep for gaining additional space savings and is
+ detrimental for runtime performance. The limit has been reduced to
+ 50.
+
+ * Documentation for individual configuration variables to control use
+ of color (like `color.grep`) said that their default value is
+ 'false', instead of saying their default is taken from `color.ui`.
+ When we updated the default value for color.ui from 'false' to
+ 'auto' quite a while ago, all of them broke. This has been
+ corrected.
+
+ * A shell script example in check-ref-format documentation has been
+ fixed.
+
+ * "git checkout <word>" does not follow the usual disambiguation
+ rules when the <word> can be both a rev and a path, to allow
+ checking out a branch 'foo' in a project that happens to have a
+ file 'foo' in the working tree without having to disambiguate.
+ This was poorly documented and the check was incorrect when the
+ command was run from a subdirectory.
+
+ * Some codepaths in "git diff" used regexec(3) on a buffer that was
+ mmap(2)ed, which may not have a terminating NUL, leading to a read
+ beyond the end of the mapped region. This was fixed by introducing
+ a regexec_buf() helper that takes a <ptr,len> pair with REG_STARTEND
+ extension.
+
+ * The procedure to build Git on Mac OS X for Travis CI hardcoded the
+ internal directory structure we assumed HomeBrew uses, which was a
+ no-no. The procedure has been updated to ask HomeBrew things we
+ need to know to fix this.
+
+ * When "git rebase -i" is given a broken instruction, it told the
+ user to fix it with "--edit-todo", but didn't say what the step
+ after that was (i.e. "--continue").
+
+ * "git add --chmod=+x" added recently lacked documentation, which has
+ been corrected.
+
+ * "git add --chmod=+x <pathspec>" added recently only toggled the
+ executable bit for paths that are either new or modified. This has
+ been corrected to flip the executable bit for all paths that match
+ the given pathspec.
+
+ * "git pack-objects --include-tag" was taught that when we know that
+ we are sending an object C, we want a tag B that directly points at
+ C but also a tag A that points at the tag B. We used to miss the
+ intermediate tag B in some cases.
+
+ * Documentation around tools to import from CVS was fairly outdated.
+
+ * In the codepath that comes up with the hostname to be used in an
+ e-mail when the user didn't tell us, we looked at ai_canonname
+ field in struct addrinfo without making sure it is not NULL first.
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c4d4397
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,111 @@
+Git v2.10.2 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.10.1
+-------------------
+
+ * The code that parses the format parameter of for-each-ref command
+ has seen a micro-optimization.
+
+ * The "graph" API used in "git log --graph" miscounted the number of
+ output columns consumed so far when drawing a padding line, which
+ has been fixed; this did not affect any existing code as nobody
+ tried to write anything after the padding on such a line, though.
+
+ * Almost everybody uses DEFAULT_ABBREV to refer to the default
+ setting for the abbreviation, but "git blame" peeked into
+ underlying variable bypassing the macro for no good reason.
+
+ * Doc update to clarify what "log -3 --reverse" does.
+
+ * An author name, that spelled a backslash-quoted double quote in the
+ human readable part "My \"double quoted\" name", was not unquoted
+ correctly while applying a patch from a piece of e-mail.
+
+ * The original command line syntax for "git merge", which was "git
+ merge <msg> HEAD <parent>...", has been deprecated for quite some
+ time, and "git gui" was the last in-tree user of the syntax. This
+ is finally fixed, so that we can move forward with the deprecation.
+
+ * Codepaths that read from an on-disk loose object were too loose in
+ validating what they are reading is a proper object file and
+ sometimes read past the data they read from the disk, which has
+ been corrected. H/t to Gustavo Grieco for reporting.
+
+ * "git worktree", even though it used the default_abbrev setting that
+ ought to be affected by core.abbrev configuration variable, ignored
+ the variable setting. The command has been taught to read the
+ default set of configuration variables to correct this.
+
+ * A low-level function verify_packfile() was meant to show errors
+ that were detected without dying itself, but under some conditions
+ it didn't and died instead, which has been fixed.
+
+ * When "git fetch" tries to find where the history of the repository
+ it runs in has diverged from what the other side has, it has a
+ mechanism to avoid digging too deep into irrelevant side branches.
+ This however did not work well over the "smart-http" transport due
+ to a design bug, which has been fixed.
+
+ * When we started cURL to talk to imap server when a new enough
+ version of cURL library is available, we forgot to explicitly add
+ imap(s):// before the destination. To some folks, that didn't work
+ and the library tried to make HTTP(s) requests instead.
+
+ * The ./configure script generated from configure.ac was taught how
+ to detect support of SSL by libcurl better.
+
+ * http.emptyauth configuration is a way to allow an empty username to
+ pass when attempting to authenticate using mechanisms like
+ Kerberos. We took an unspecified (NULL) username and sent ":"
+ (i.e. no username, no password) to CURLOPT_USERPWD, but did not do
+ the same when the username is explicitly set to an empty string.
+
+ * "git clone" of a local repository can be done at the filesystem
+ level, but the codepath did not check errors while copying and
+ adjusting the file that lists alternate object stores.
+
+ * Documentation for "git commit" was updated to clarify that "commit
+ -p <paths>" adds to the current contents of the index to come up
+ with what to commit.
+
+ * A stray symbolic link in $GIT_DIR/refs/ directory could make name
+ resolution loop forever, which has been corrected.
+
+ * The "submodule.<name>.path" stored in .gitmodules is never copied
+ to .git/config and such a key in .git/config has no meaning, but
+ the documentation described it and submodule.<name>.url next to
+ each other as if both belong to .git/config. This has been fixed.
+
+ * Recent git allows submodule.<name>.branch to use a special token
+ "." instead of the branch name; the documentation has been updated
+ to describe it.
+
+ * In a worktree connected to a repository elsewhere, created via "git
+ worktree", "git checkout" attempts to protect users from confusion
+ by refusing to check out a branch that is already checked out in
+ another worktree. However, this also prevented checking out a
+ branch, which is designated as the primary branch of a bare
+ reopsitory, in a worktree that is connected to the bare
+ repository. The check has been corrected to allow it.
+
+ * "git rebase" immediately after "git clone" failed to find the fork
+ point from the upstream.
+
+ * When fetching from a remote that has many tags that are irrelevant
+ to branches we are following, we used to waste way too many cycles
+ when checking if the object pointed at by a tag (that we are not
+ going to fetch!) exists in our repository too carefully.
+
+ * The Travis CI configuration we ship ran the tests with --verbose
+ option but this risks non-TAP output that happens to be "ok" to be
+ misinterpreted as TAP signalling a test that passed. This resulted
+ in unnecessary failure. This has been corrected by introducing a
+ new mode to run our tests in the test harness to send the verbose
+ output separately to the log file.
+
+ * Some AsciiDoc formatter mishandles a displayed illustration with
+ tabs in it. Adjust a few of them in merge-base documentation to
+ work around them.
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..277a2a1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.10.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,48 @@
+Git v2.10.3 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.10.2
+-------------------
+
+ * Extract a small helper out of the function that reads the authors
+ script file "git am" internally uses.
+ This by itself is not useful until a second caller appears in the
+ future for "rebase -i" helper.
+
+ * The command-line completion script (in contrib/) learned to
+ complete "git cmd ^mas<HT>" to complete the negative end of
+ reference to "git cmd ^master".
+
+ * "git send-email" attempts to pick up valid e-mails from the
+ trailers, but people in real world write non-addresses there, like
+ "Cc: Stable <add@re.ss> # 4.8+", which broke the output depending
+ on the availability and vintage of Mail::Address perl module.
+
+ * The code that we have used for the past 10+ years to cycle
+ 4-element ring buffers turns out to be not quite portable in
+ theoretical world.
+
+ * "git daemon" used fixed-length buffers to turn URL to the
+ repository the client asked for into the server side directory
+ path, using snprintf() to avoid overflowing these buffers, but
+ allowed possibly truncated paths to the directory. This has been
+ tightened to reject such a request that causes overlong path to be
+ required to serve.
+
+ * Recent update to git-sh-setup (a library of shell functions that
+ are used by our in-tree scripted Porcelain commands) included
+ another shell library git-sh-i18n without specifying where it is,
+ relying on the $PATH. This has been fixed to be more explicit by
+ prefixing $(git --exec-path) output in front.
+
+ * Fix for a racy false-positive test failure.
+
+ * Portability update and workaround for builds on recent Mac OS X.
+
+ * Update to the test framework made in 2.9 timeframe broke running
+ the tests under valgrind, which has been fixed.
+
+ * Improve the rule to convert "unsigned char [20]" into "struct
+ object_id *" in contrib/coccinelle/
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b7b7dd3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.11.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,593 @@
+Git 2.11 Release Notes
+======================
+
+Backward compatibility notes.
+
+ * An empty string used as a pathspec element has always meant
+ 'everything matches', but it is too easy to write a script that
+ finds a path to remove in $path and run 'git rm "$paht"' by
+ mistake (when the user meant to give "$path"), which ends up
+ removing everything. This release starts warning about the
+ use of an empty string that is used for 'everything matches' and
+ asks users to use a more explicit '.' for that instead.
+
+ The hope is that existing users will not mind this change, and
+ eventually the warning can be turned into a hard error, upgrading
+ the deprecation into removal of this (mis)feature.
+
+ * The historical argument order "git merge <msg> HEAD <commit>..."
+ has been deprecated for quite some time, and will be removed in the
+ next release (not this one).
+
+ * The default abbreviation length, which has historically been 7, now
+ scales as the repository grows, using the approximate number of
+ objects in the repository and a bit of math around the birthday
+ paradox. The logic suggests to use 12 hexdigits for the Linux
+ kernel, and 9 to 10 for Git itself.
+
+
+Updates since v2.10
+-------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Comes with new version of git-gui, now at its 0.21.0 tag.
+
+ * "git format-patch --cover-letter HEAD^" to format a single patch
+ with a separate cover letter now numbers the output as [PATCH 0/1]
+ and [PATCH 1/1] by default.
+
+ * An incoming "git push" that attempts to push too many bytes can now
+ be rejected by setting a new configuration variable at the receiving
+ end.
+
+ * "git nosuchcommand --help" said "No manual entry for gitnosuchcommand",
+ which was not intuitive, given that "git nosuchcommand" said "git:
+ 'nosuchcommand' is not a git command".
+
+ * "git clone --recurse-submodules --reference $path $URL" is a way to
+ reduce network transfer cost by borrowing objects in an existing
+ $path repository when cloning the superproject from $URL; it
+ learned to also peek into $path for presence of corresponding
+ repositories of submodules and borrow objects from there when able.
+
+ * The "git diff --submodule={short,log}" mechanism has been enhanced
+ to allow "--submodule=diff" to show the patch between the submodule
+ commits bound to the superproject.
+
+ * Even though "git hash-objects", which is a tool to take an
+ on-filesystem data stream and put it into the Git object store,
+ can perform "outside-world-to-Git" conversions (e.g.
+ end-of-line conversions and application of the clean-filter), and
+ it has had this feature on by default from very early days, its reverse
+ operation "git cat-file", which takes an object from the Git object
+ store and externalizes it for consumption by the outside world,
+ lacked an equivalent mechanism to run the "Git-to-outside-world"
+ conversion. The command learned the "--filters" option to do so.
+
+ * Output from "git diff" can be made easier to read by intelligently selecting
+ which lines are common and which lines are added/deleted
+ when the lines before and after the changed section
+ are the same. A command line option (--indent-heuristic) and a
+ configuration variable (diff.indentHeuristic) are added to help with the
+ experiment to find good heuristics.
+
+ * In some projects, it is common to use "[RFC PATCH]" as the subject
+ prefix for a patch meant for discussion rather than application. A
+ new format-patch option "--rfc" is a short-hand for "--subject-prefix=RFC PATCH"
+ to help the participants of such projects.
+
+ * "git add --chmod={+,-}x <pathspec>" only changed the
+ executable bit for paths that are either new or modified. This has
+ been corrected to change the executable bit for all paths that match
+ the given pathspec.
+
+ * When "git format-patch --stdout" output is placed as an in-body
+ header and it uses RFC2822 header folding, "git am" fails to
+ put the header line back into a single logical line. The
+ underlying "git mailinfo" was taught to handle this properly.
+
+ * "gitweb" can spawn "highlight" to show blob contents with
+ (programming) language-specific syntax highlighting, but only
+ when the language is known. "highlight" can however be told
+ to guess the language itself by giving it "--force" option, which
+ has been enabled.
+
+ * "git gui" l10n to Portuguese.
+
+ * When given an abbreviated object name that is not (or more
+ realistically, "no longer") unique, we gave a fatal error
+ "ambiguous argument". This error is now accompanied by a hint that
+ lists the objects beginning with the given prefix. During the
+ course of development of this new feature, numerous minor bugs were
+ uncovered and corrected, the most notable one of which is that we
+ gave "short SHA1 xxxx is ambiguous." twice without good reason.
+
+ * "git log rev^..rev" is an often-used revision range specification
+ to show what was done on a side branch merged at rev. This has
+ gained a short-hand "rev^-1". In general "rev^-$n" is the same as
+ "^rev^$n rev", i.e. what has happened on other branches while the
+ history leading to nth parent was looking the other way.
+
+ * In recent versions of cURL, GSSAPI credential delegation is
+ disabled by default due to CVE-2011-2192; introduce a http.delegation
+ configuration variable to selectively allow enabling this.
+ (merge 26a7b23429 ps/http-gssapi-cred-delegation later to maint).
+
+ * "git mergetool" learned to honor "-O<orderfile>" to control the
+ order of paths to present to the end user.
+
+ * "git diff/log --ws-error-highlight=<kind>" lacked the corresponding
+ configuration variable (diff.wsErrorHighlight) to set it by default.
+
+ * "git ls-files" learned the "--recurse-submodules" option
+ to get a listing of tracked files across submodules (i.e. this
+ only works with the "--cached" option, not for listing untracked or
+ ignored files). This would be a useful tool to sit on the upstream
+ side of a pipe that is read with xargs to work on all working tree
+ files from the top-level superproject.
+
+ * A new credential helper that talks via "libsecret" with
+ implementations of XDG Secret Service API has been added to
+ contrib/credential/.
+
+ * The GPG verification status shown by the "%G?" pretty format specifier
+ was not rich enough to differentiate a signature made by an expired
+ key, a signature made by a revoked key, etc. New output letters
+ have been assigned to express them.
+
+ * In addition to purely abbreviated commit object names, "gitweb"
+ learned to turn "git describe" output (e.g. v2.9.3-599-g2376d31787)
+ into clickable links in its output.
+
+ * "git commit" created an empty commit when invoked with an index
+ consisting solely of intend-to-add paths (added with "git add -N").
+ It now requires the "--allow-empty" option to create such a commit.
+ The same logic prevented "git status" from showing such paths as "new files" in the
+ "Changes not staged for commit" section.
+
+ * The smudge/clean filter API spawns an external process
+ to filter the contents of each path that has a filter defined. A
+ new type of "process" filter API has been added to allow the first
+ request to run the filter for a path to spawn a single process, and
+ all filtering is served by this single process for multiple
+ paths, reducing the process creation overhead.
+
+ * The user always has to say "stash@{$N}" when naming a single
+ element in the default location of the stash, i.e. reflogs in
+ refs/stash. The "git stash" command learned to accept "git stash
+ apply 4" as a short-hand for "git stash apply stash@{4}".
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * The delta-base-cache mechanism has been a key to the performance in
+ a repository with a tightly packed packfile, but it did not scale
+ well even with a larger value of core.deltaBaseCacheLimit.
+
+ * Enhance "git status --porcelain" output by collecting more data on
+ the state of the index and the working tree files, which may
+ further be used to teach git-prompt (in contrib/) to make fewer
+ calls to git.
+
+ * Extract a small helper out of the function that reads the authors
+ script file "git am" internally uses.
+ (merge a77598e jc/am-read-author-file later to maint).
+
+ * Lift calls to exit(2) and die() higher in the callchain in
+ sequencer.c files so that more helper functions in it can be used
+ by callers that want to handle error conditions themselves.
+
+ * "git am" has been taught to make an internal call to "git apply"'s
+ innards without spawning the latter as a separate process.
+
+ * The ref-store abstraction was introduced to the refs API so that we
+ can plug in different backends to store references.
+
+ * The "unsigned char sha1[20]" to "struct object_id" conversion
+ continues. Notable changes in this round includes that ce->sha1,
+ i.e. the object name recorded in the cache_entry, turns into an
+ object_id.
+
+ * JGit can show a fake ref "capabilities^{}" to "git fetch" when it
+ does not advertise any refs, but "git fetch" was not prepared to
+ see such an advertisement. When the other side disconnects without
+ giving any ref advertisement, we used to say "there may not be a
+ repository at that URL", but we may have seen other advertisements
+ like "shallow" and ".have" in which case we definitely know that a
+ repository is there. The code to detect this case has also been
+ updated.
+
+ * Some codepaths in "git pack-objects" were not ready to use an
+ existing pack bitmap; now they are and as a result they have
+ become faster.
+
+ * The codepath in "git fsck" to detect malformed tree objects has
+ been updated not to die but keep going after detecting them.
+
+ * We call "qsort(array, nelem, sizeof(array[0]), fn)", and most of
+ the time third parameter is redundant. A new QSORT() macro lets us
+ omit it.
+
+ * "git pack-objects" in a repository with many packfiles used to
+ spend a lot of time looking for/at objects in them; the accesses to
+ the packfiles are now optimized by checking the most-recently-used
+ packfile first.
+ (merge c9af708b1a jk/pack-objects-optim-mru later to maint).
+
+ * Codepaths involved in interacting alternate object stores have
+ been cleaned up.
+
+ * In order for the receiving end of "git push" to inspect the
+ received history and decide to reject the push, the objects sent
+ from the sending end need to be made available to the hook and
+ the mechanism for the connectivity check, and this was done
+ traditionally by storing the objects in the receiving repository
+ and letting "git gc" expire them. Instead, store the newly
+ received objects in a temporary area, and make them available by
+ reusing the alternate object store mechanism to them only while we
+ decide if we accept the check, and once we decide, either migrate
+ them to the repository or purge them immediately.
+
+ * The require_clean_work_tree() helper was recreated in C when "git
+ pull" was rewritten from shell; the helper is now made available to
+ other callers in preparation for upcoming "rebase -i" work.
+
+ * "git upload-pack" had its code cleaned-up and performance improved
+ by reducing use of timestamp-ordered commit-list, which was
+ replaced with a priority queue.
+
+ * "git diff --no-index" codepath has been updated not to try to peek
+ into a .git/ directory that happens to be under the current
+ directory, when we know we are operating outside any repository.
+
+ * Update of the sequencer codebase to make it reusable to reimplement
+ "rebase -i" continues.
+
+ * Git generally does not explicitly close file descriptors that were
+ open in the parent process when spawning a child process, but most
+ of the time the child does not want to access them. As Windows does
+ not allow removing or renaming a file that has a file descriptor
+ open, a slow-to-exit child can even break the parent process by
+ holding onto them. Use O_CLOEXEC flag to open files in various
+ codepaths.
+
+ * Update "interpret-trailers" machinery and teach it that people in
+ the real world write all sorts of cruft in the "trailer" that was
+ originally designed to have the neat-o "Mail-Header: like thing"
+ and nothing else.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.10
+-----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.9 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * Clarify various ways to specify the "revision ranges" in the
+ documentation.
+
+ * "diff-highlight" script (in contrib/) learned to work better with
+ "git log -p --graph" output.
+
+ * The test framework left the number of tests and success/failure
+ count in the t/test-results directory, keyed by the name of the
+ test script plus the process ID. The latter however turned out not
+ to serve any useful purpose. The process ID part of the filename
+ has been removed.
+
+ * Having a submodule whose ".git" repository is somehow corrupt
+ caused a few commands that recurse into submodules to loop forever.
+
+ * "git symbolic-ref -d HEAD" happily removes the symbolic ref, but
+ the resulting repository becomes an invalid one. Teach the command
+ to forbid removal of HEAD.
+
+ * A test spawned a short-lived background process, which sometimes
+ prevented the test directory from getting removed at the end of the
+ script on some platforms.
+
+ * Update a few tests that used to use GIT_CURL_VERBOSE to use the
+ newer GIT_TRACE_CURL.
+
+ * "git pack-objects --include-tag" was taught that when we know that
+ we are sending an object C, we want a tag B that directly points at
+ C but also a tag A that points at the tag B. We used to miss the
+ intermediate tag B in some cases.
+
+ * Update Japanese translation for "git-gui".
+
+ * "git fetch http::/site/path" did not die correctly and segfaulted
+ instead.
+
+ * "git commit-tree" stopped reading commit.gpgsign configuration
+ variable that was meant for Porcelain "git commit" in Git 2.9; we
+ forgot to update "git gui" to look at the configuration to match
+ this change.
+
+ * "git add --chmod={+,-}x" added recently lacked documentation, which has
+ been corrected.
+
+ * "git log --cherry-pick" used to include merge commits as candidates
+ to be matched up with other commits, resulting a lot of wasted time.
+ The patch-id generation logic has been updated to ignore merges and
+ avoid the wastage.
+
+ * The http transport (with curl-multi option, which is the default
+ these days) failed to remove curl-easy handle from a curlm session,
+ which led to unnecessary API failures.
+
+ * There were numerous corner cases in which the configuration files
+ are read and used or not read at all depending on the directory a
+ Git command was run, leading to inconsistent behaviour. The code
+ to set-up repository access at the beginning of a Git process has
+ been updated to fix them.
+ (merge 4d0efa1 jk/setup-sequence-update later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff -W" output needs to extend the context backward to
+ include the header line of the current function and also forward to
+ include the body of the entire current function up to the header
+ line of the next one. This process may have to merge two adjacent
+ hunks, but the code forgot to do so in some cases.
+
+ * Performance tests done via "t/perf" did not use the right
+ build configuration if the user relied on autoconf generated
+ configuration.
+
+ * "git format-patch --base=..." feature that was recently added
+ showed the base commit information after the "-- " e-mail signature
+ line, which turned out to be inconvenient. The base information
+ has been moved above the signature line.
+
+ * More i18n.
+
+ * Even when "git pull --rebase=preserve" (and the underlying "git
+ rebase --preserve") can complete without creating any new commits
+ (i.e. fast-forwards), it still insisted on having usable ident
+ information (read: user.email is set correctly), which was less
+ than nice. As the underlying commands used inside "git rebase"
+ would fail with a more meaningful error message and advice text
+ when the bogus ident matters, this extra check was removed.
+
+ * "git gc --aggressive" used to limit the delta-chain length to 250,
+ which is way too deep for gaining additional space savings and is
+ detrimental for runtime performance. The limit has been reduced to
+ 50.
+
+ * Documentation for individual configuration variables to control use
+ of color (like `color.grep`) said that their default value is
+ 'false', instead of saying their default is taken from `color.ui`.
+ When we updated the default value for color.ui from 'false' to
+ 'auto' quite a while ago, all of them broke. This has been
+ corrected.
+
+ * The pretty-format specifier "%C(auto)" used by the "log" family of
+ commands to enable coloring of the output is taught to also issue a
+ color-reset sequence to the output.
+
+ * A shell script example in check-ref-format documentation has been
+ fixed.
+
+ * "git checkout <word>" does not follow the usual disambiguation
+ rules when the <word> can be both a rev and a path, to allow
+ checking out a branch 'foo' in a project that happens to have a
+ file 'foo' in the working tree without having to disambiguate.
+ This was poorly documented and the check was incorrect when the
+ command was run from a subdirectory.
+
+ * Some codepaths in "git diff" used regexec(3) on a buffer that was
+ mmap(2)ed, which may not have a terminating NUL, leading to a read
+ beyond the end of the mapped region. This was fixed by introducing
+ a regexec_buf() helper that takes a <ptr,len> pair with REG_STARTEND
+ extension.
+
+ * The procedure to build Git on Mac OS X for Travis CI hardcoded the
+ internal directory structure we assumed HomeBrew uses, which was a
+ no-no. The procedure has been updated to ask HomeBrew things we
+ need to know to fix this.
+
+ * When "git rebase -i" is given a broken instruction, it told the
+ user to fix it with "--edit-todo", but didn't say what the step
+ after that was (i.e. "--continue").
+
+ * Documentation around tools to import from CVS was fairly outdated.
+
+ * "git clone --recurse-submodules" lost the progress eye-candy in
+ a recent update, which has been corrected.
+
+ * A low-level function verify_packfile() was meant to show errors
+ that were detected without dying itself, but under some conditions
+ it didn't and died instead, which has been fixed.
+
+ * When "git fetch" tries to find where the history of the repository
+ it runs in has diverged from what the other side has, it has a
+ mechanism to avoid digging too deep into irrelevant side branches.
+ This however did not work well over the "smart-http" transport due
+ to a design bug, which has been fixed.
+
+ * In the codepath that comes up with the hostname to be used in an
+ e-mail when the user didn't tell us, we looked at the ai_canonname
+ field in struct addrinfo without making sure it is not NULL first.
+
+ * "git worktree", even though it used the default_abbrev setting that
+ ought to be affected by the core.abbrev configuration variable, ignored
+ the variable setting. The command has been taught to read the
+ default set of configuration variables to correct this.
+
+ * "git init" tried to record core.worktree in the repository's
+ 'config' file when the GIT_WORK_TREE environment variable was set and
+ it was different from where GIT_DIR appears as ".git" at its top,
+ but the logic was faulty when .git is a "gitdir:" file that points
+ at the real place, causing trouble in working trees that are
+ managed by "git worktree". This has been corrected.
+
+ * Codepaths that read from an on-disk loose object were too loose in
+ validating that they are reading a proper object file and
+ sometimes read past the data they read from the disk, which has
+ been corrected. H/t to Gustavo Grieco for reporting.
+
+ * The original command line syntax for "git merge", which was "git
+ merge <msg> HEAD <parent>...", has been deprecated for quite some
+ time, and "git gui" was the last in-tree user of the syntax. This
+ is finally fixed, so that we can move forward with the deprecation.
+
+ * An author name that has a backslash-quoted double quote in the
+ human readable part ("My \"double quoted\" name"), was not unquoted
+ correctly while applying a patch from a piece of e-mail.
+
+ * Doc update to clarify what "log -3 --reverse" does.
+
+ * Almost everybody uses DEFAULT_ABBREV to refer to the default
+ setting for the abbreviation, but "git blame" peeked into
+ underlying variable bypassing the macro for no good reason.
+
+ * The "graph" API used in "git log --graph" miscounted the number of
+ output columns consumed so far when drawing a padding line, which
+ has been fixed; this did not affect any existing code as nobody
+ tried to write anything after the padding on such a line, though.
+
+ * The code that parses the format parameter of the for-each-ref command
+ has seen a micro-optimization.
+
+ * When we started to use cURL to talk to an imap server, we forgot to explicitly add
+ imap(s):// before the destination. To some folks, that didn't work
+ and the library tried to make HTTP(s) requests instead.
+
+ * The ./configure script generated from configure.ac was taught how
+ to detect support of SSL by libcurl better.
+
+ * The command-line completion script (in contrib/) learned to
+ complete "git cmd ^mas<HT>" to complete the negative end of
+ reference to "git cmd ^master".
+ (merge 49416ad22a cp/completion-negative-refs later to maint).
+
+ * The existing "git fetch --depth=<n>" option was hard to use
+ correctly when making the history of an existing shallow clone
+ deeper. A new option, "--deepen=<n>", has been added to make this
+ easier to use. "git clone" also learned "--shallow-since=<date>"
+ and "--shallow-exclude=<tag>" options to make it easier to specify
+ "I am interested only in the recent N months worth of history" and
+ "Give me only the history since that version".
+ (merge cccf74e2da nd/shallow-deepen later to maint).
+
+ * "git blame --reverse OLD path" is now DWIMmed to show how lines
+ in path in an old revision OLD have survived up to the current
+ commit.
+ (merge e1d09701a4 jc/blame-reverse later to maint).
+
+ * The http.emptyauth configuration variable is a way to allow an empty username to
+ pass when attempting to authenticate using mechanisms like
+ Kerberos. We took an unspecified (NULL) username and sent ":"
+ (i.e. no username, no password) to CURLOPT_USERPWD, but did not do
+ the same when the username is explicitly set to an empty string.
+
+ * "git clone" of a local repository can be done at the filesystem
+ level, but the codepath did not check errors while copying and
+ adjusting the file that lists alternate object stores.
+
+ * Documentation for "git commit" was updated to clarify that "commit
+ -p <paths>" adds to the current contents of the index to come up
+ with what to commit.
+
+ * A stray symbolic link in the $GIT_DIR/refs/ directory could make name
+ resolution loop forever, which has been corrected.
+
+ * The "submodule.<name>.path" stored in .gitmodules is never copied
+ to .git/config and such a key in .git/config has no meaning, but
+ the documentation described it next to submodule.<name>.url
+ as if both belong to .git/config. This has been fixed.
+
+ * In a worktree created via "git
+ worktree", "git checkout" attempts to protect users from confusion
+ by refusing to check out a branch that is already checked out in
+ another worktree. However, this also prevented checking out a
+ branch which is designated as the primary branch of a bare
+ repository, in a worktree that is connected to the bare
+ repository. The check has been corrected to allow it.
+
+ * "git rebase" immediately after "git clone" failed to find the fork
+ point from the upstream.
+
+ * When fetching from a remote that has many tags that are irrelevant
+ to branches we are following, we used to waste way too many cycles
+ checking if the object pointed at by a tag (that we are not
+ going to fetch!) exists in our repository too carefully.
+
+ * Protect our code from over-eager compilers.
+
+ * Recent git allows submodule.<name>.branch to use a special token
+ "." instead of the branch name; the documentation has been updated
+ to describe it.
+
+ * "git send-email" attempts to pick up valid e-mails from the
+ trailers, but people in the real world write non-addresses there, like
+ "Cc: Stable <add@re.ss> # 4.8+", which broke the output depending
+ on the availability and vintage of the Mail::Address perl module.
+ (merge dcfafc5214 mm/send-email-cc-cruft-after-address later to maint).
+
+ * The Travis CI configuration we ship ran the tests with the --verbose
+ option but this risks non-TAP output that happens to be "ok" to be
+ misinterpreted as TAP signalling a test that passed. This resulted
+ in unnecessary failures. This has been corrected by introducing a
+ new mode to run our tests in the test harness to send the verbose
+ output separately to the log file.
+
+ * Some AsciiDoc formatters mishandle a displayed illustration with
+ tabs in it. Adjust a few of them in merge-base documentation to
+ work around them.
+
+ * Fixed a minor regression in "git submodule" that was introduced
+ when more helper functions were reimplemented in C.
+ (merge 77b63ac31e sb/submodule-ignore-trailing-slash later to maint).
+
+ * The code that we have used for the past 10+ years to cycle
+ 4-element ring buffers turns out to be not quite portable in
+ theoretical world.
+ (merge bb84735c80 rs/ring-buffer-wraparound later to maint).
+
+ * "git daemon" used fixed-length buffers to turn URLs to the
+ repository the client asked for into the server side directory
+ paths, using snprintf() to avoid overflowing these buffers, but
+ allowed possibly truncated paths to the directory. This has been
+ tightened to reject such a request that causes an overlong path to be
+ served.
+ (merge 6bdb0083be jk/daemon-path-ok-check-truncation later to maint).
+
+ * Recent update to git-sh-setup (a library of shell functions that
+ are used by our in-tree scripted Porcelain commands) included
+ another shell library git-sh-i18n without specifying where it is,
+ relying on the $PATH. This has been fixed to be more explicit by
+ prefixing with $(git --exec-path) output.
+ (merge 1073094f30 ak/sh-setup-dot-source-i18n-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Fix for a racy false-positive test failure.
+ (merge fdf4f6c79b as/merge-attr-sleep later to maint).
+
+ * Portability update and workaround for builds on recent Mac OS X.
+ (merge a296bc0132 ls/macos-update later to maint).
+
+ * Using a %(HEAD) placeholder in "for-each-ref --format=" option
+ caused the command to segfault when on an unborn branch.
+ (merge 84679d470d jc/for-each-ref-head-segfault-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase -i" did not work well with the core.commentchar
+ configuration variable for two reasons, both of which have been
+ fixed.
+ (merge 882cd23777 js/rebase-i-commentchar-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Other minor doc, test and build updates and code cleanups.
+ (merge 5c238e29a8 jk/common-main later to maint).
+ (merge 5a5749e45b ak/pre-receive-hook-template-modefix later to maint).
+ (merge 6d834ac8f1 jk/rebase-config-insn-fmt-docfix later to maint).
+ (merge de9f7fa3b0 rs/commit-pptr-simplify later to maint).
+ (merge 4259d693fc sc/fmt-merge-msg-doc-markup-fix later to maint).
+ (merge 28fab7b23d nd/test-helpers later to maint).
+ (merge c2bb0c1d1e rs/cocci later to maint).
+ (merge 3285b7badb ps/common-info-doc later to maint).
+ (merge 2b090822e8 nd/worktree-lock later to maint).
+ (merge 4bd488ea7c jk/create-branch-remove-unused-param later to maint).
+ (merge 974e0044d6 tk/diffcore-delta-remove-unused later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..778145a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.12.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,255 @@
+Git 2.12 Release Notes
+======================
+
+Backward compatibility notes.
+
+ * Use of an empty string that is used for 'everything matches' is
+ still warned and Git asks users to use a more explicit '.' for that
+ instead. The hope is that existing users will not mind this
+ change, and eventually the warning can be turned into a hard error,
+ upgrading the deprecation into removal of this (mis)feature. That
+ is not scheduled to happen in the upcoming release (yet).
+
+ * The historical argument order "git merge <msg> HEAD <commit>..."
+ has been deprecated for quite some time, and will be removed in the
+ upcoming release.
+
+
+Updates since v2.11
+-------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Various updates to "git p4".
+
+ * "git p4" didn't interact with the internal of .git directory
+ correctly in the modern "git-worktree"-enabled world.
+
+ * "git branch --list" and friends learned "--ignore-case" option to
+ optionally sort branches and tags case insensitively.
+
+ * In addition to %(subject), %(body), "log --pretty=format:..."
+ learned a new placeholder %(trailers).
+
+ * "git rebase" learned "--quit" option, which allows a user to
+ remove the metadata left by an earlier "git rebase" that was
+ manually aborted without using "git rebase --abort".
+
+ * "git clone --reference $there --recurse-submodules $super" has been
+ taught to guess repositories usable as references for submodules of
+ $super that are embedded in $there while making a clone of the
+ superproject borrow objects from $there; extend the mechanism to
+ also allow submodules of these submodules to borrow repositories
+ embedded in these clones of the submodules embedded in the clone of
+ the superproject.
+
+ * Porcelain scripts written in Perl are getting internationalized.
+
+ * "git merge --continue" has been added as a synonym to "git commit"
+ to conclude a merge that has stopped due to conflicts.
+
+ * Finer-grained control of what protocols are allowed for transports
+ during clone/fetch/push have been enabled via a new configuration
+ mechanism.
+
+ * "git shortlog" learned "--committer" option to group commits by
+ committer, instead of author.
+
+ * GitLFS integration with "git p4" has been updated.
+
+ * The isatty() emulation for Windows has been updated to eradicate
+ the previous hack that depended on internals of (older) MSVC
+ runtime.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * Commands that operate on a log message and add lines to the trailer
+ blocks, such as "format-patch -s", "cherry-pick (-x|-s)", and
+ "commit -s", have been taught to use the logic of and share the
+ code with "git interpret-trailer".
+
+ * The default Travis-CI configuration specifies newer P4 and GitLFS.
+ (merge 5f703e8f02 ls/travis-update-p4-and-lfs later to maint).
+
+ * The "fast hash" that had disastrous performance issues in some
+ corner cases has been retired from the internal diff.
+
+ * The character width table has been updated to match Unicode 9.0
+ (merge 9e6e9aefdf bb/unicode-9.0 later to maint).
+
+ * Update the procedure to generate "tags" for developer support.
+ (merge 046e4c1c09 jk/make-tags-find-sources-tweak later to maint).
+
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+Fixes since v2.10
+-----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.9 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * We often decide if a session is interactive by checking if the
+ standard I/O streams are connected to a TTY, but isatty() that
+ comes with Windows incorrectly returned true if it is used on NUL
+ (i.e. an equivalent to /dev/null). This has been fixed.
+ (merge cbb3f3c9b1 js/mingw-isatty later to maint).
+
+ * "git svn" did not work well with path components that are "0", and
+ some configuration variable it uses were not documented.
+ (merge ea9a93dcc2 ew/svn-fixes later to maint).
+
+ * "git rev-parse --symbolic" failed with a more recent notation like
+ "HEAD^-1" and "HEAD^!".
+ (merge a2e7b04c44 jk/rev-parse-symbolic-parents-fix later to maint).
+
+ * An empty directory in a working tree that can simply be nuked used
+ to interfere while merging or cherry-picking a change to create a
+ submodule directory there, which has been fixed..
+ (merge 5423d2e700 dt/empty-submodule-in-merge later to maint).
+
+ * The code in "git push" to compute if any commit being pushed in the
+ superproject binds a commit in a submodule that hasn't been pushed
+ out was overly inefficient, making it unusable even for a small
+ project that does not have any submodule but have a reasonable
+ number of refs.
+ (merge 250ab24ab3 hv/submodule-not-yet-pushed-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git push --dry-run --recurse-submodule=on-demand" wasn't
+ "--dry-run" in the submodules.
+ (merge 0301c821c5 bw/push-dry-run later to maint).
+
+ * The output from "git worktree list" was made in readdir() order,
+ and was unstable.
+ (merge 4df1d4d466 nd/worktree-list-fixup later to maint).
+
+ * mergetool.<tool>.trustExitCode configuration variable did not apply
+ to built-in tools, but now it does.
+ (merge 2967284456 da/mergetool-trust-exit-code later to maint).
+
+ * "git p4" LFS support was broken when LFS stores an empty blob.
+ (merge d5eb3cf5e7 ls/p4-empty-file-on-lfs later to maint).
+
+ * A corner case in merge-recursive regression that crept in
+ during 2.10 development cycle has been fixed.
+ (merge 1c25d2d8ed jc/renormalize-merge-kill-safer-crlf later to maint).
+
+ * Transport with dumb http can be fooled into following foreign URLs
+ that the end user does not intend to, especially with the server
+ side redirects and http-alternates mechanism, which can lead to
+ security issues. Tighten the redirection and make it more obvious
+ to the end user when it happens.
+ (merge cb4d2d35c4 jk/http-walker-limit-redirect-2.9 later to maint).
+
+ * Update the error messages from the dumb-http client when it fails
+ to obtain loose objects; we used to give sensible error message
+ only upon 404 but we now forbid unexpected redirects that needs to
+ be reported with something sensible.
+ (merge 3680f16f9d jk/http-walker-limit-redirect later to maint).
+
+ * When diff.renames configuration is on (and with Git 2.9 and later,
+ it is enabled by default, which made it worse), "git stash"
+ misbehaved if a file is removed and another file with a very
+ similar content is added.
+ (merge 9d4e28ead5 jk/stash-disable-renames-internally later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff --no-index" did not take "--no-abbrev" option.
+ (merge 43d1948b7b jb/diff-no-index-no-abbrev later to maint).
+
+ * "git difftool --dir-diff" had a minor regression when started from
+ a subdirectory, which has been fixed.
+ (merge 853e10c197 da/difftool-dir-diff-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git commit --allow-empty --only" (no pathspec) with dirty index
+ ought to be an acceptable way to create a new commit that does not
+ change any paths, but it was forbidden, perhaps because nobody
+ needed it so far.
+ (merge beb635ca9c ak/commit-only-allow-empty later to maint).
+
+ * Git 2.11 had a minor regression in "merge --ff-only" that competed
+ with another process that simultanously attempted to update the
+ index. We used to explain what went wrong with an error message,
+ but the new code silently failed. The error message has been
+ resurrected.
+
+ * A pathname that begins with "//" or "\\" on Windows is special but
+ path normalization logic was unaware of it.
+ (merge 7814fbe3f1 js/normalize-path-copy-ceil later to maint).
+
+ * "git pull --rebase", when there is no new commits on our side since
+ we forked from the upstream, should be able to fast-forward without
+ invoking "git rebase", but it didn't.
+ (merge 33b842a1e9 jc/pull-rebase-ff later to maint).
+
+ * The way to specify hotkeys to "xxdiff" that is used by "git
+ mergetool" has been modernized to match recent versions of xxdiff.
+ (merge 6cf5f6cef7 da/mergetool-xxdiff-hotkey later to maint).
+
+ * Unlike "git am --abort", "git cherry-pick --abort" moved HEAD back
+ to where cherry-pick started while picking multiple changes, when
+ the cherry-pick stopped to ask for help from the user, and the user
+ did "git reset --hard" to a different commit in order to re-attempt
+ the operation.
+ (merge ce73bb22d8 sb/sequencer-abort-safety later to maint).
+
+ * Code cleanup in shallow boundary computation.
+ (merge 649b0c316a nd/shallow-fixup later to maint).
+
+ * A recent update to receive-pack to make it easier to drop garbage
+ objects made it clear that GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES cannot
+ have a pathname with a colon in it (no surprise!), and this in turn
+ made it impossible to push into a repository at such a path. This
+ has been fixed by introducing a quoting mechanism used when
+ appending such a path to the colon-separated list.
+ (merge 5e74824fac jk/quote-env-path-list-component later to maint).
+
+ * The function usage_msg_opt() has been updated to say "fatal:"
+ before the custom message programs give, when they want to die
+ with a message about wrong command line options followed by the
+ standard usage string.
+ (merge 87433261a4 jk/parseopt-usage-msg-opt later to maint).
+
+ * "git index-pack --stdin" needs an access to an existing repository,
+ but "git index-pack file.pack" to generate an .idx file that
+ corresponds to a packfile does not.
+ (merge 29401e1575 jk/index-pack-wo-repo-from-stdin later to maint).
+
+ * Fix for NDEBUG builds.
+ (merge 08414938a2 jt/mailinfo-fold-in-body-headers later to maint).
+
+ * A lazy "git push" without refspec did not internally use a fully
+ specified refspec to perform 'current', 'simple', or 'upstream'
+ push, causing unnecessary "ambiguous ref" errors.
+ (merge b284495e93 jc/push-default-explicit later to maint).
+
+ * "git p4" misbehaved when swapping a directory and a symbolic link.
+ (merge df8a9e86db ld/p4-compare-dir-vs-symlink later to maint).
+
+ * Even though an fix was attempted in Git 2.9.3 days, but running
+ "git difftool --dir-diff" from a subdirectory never worked. This
+ has been fixed.
+ (merge ce6926974e jk/difftool-in-subdir later to maint).
+
+ * "git p4" that tracks multile p4 paths imported a single changelist
+ that touches files in these multiple paths as one commit, followed
+ by many empty commits. This has been fixed.
+ (merge 9943e5b979 gv/p4-multi-path-commit-fix later to maint).
+
+ * A potential but unlikely buffer overflow in Windows port has been
+ fixed.
+ (merge c46458e82f mk/mingw-winansi-ttyname-termination-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Other minor doc, test and build updates and code cleanups.
+ (merge fa6ca11105 nd/qsort-in-merge-recursive later to maint).
+ (merge fa3142c919 ak/lazy-prereq-mktemp later to maint).
+ (merge 9c48b4fb23 ls/t0021-fixup later to maint).
+ (merge 584f99c87b sb/unpack-trees-grammofix later to maint).
+ (merge 54471fdcc3 jk/readme-gmane-is-no-more later to maint).
+ (merge 9e189f1a5c sb/t3600-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge e2c20be57c lr/doc-fix-cet later to maint).
+ (merge 47437fd3bd kh/tutorial-grammofix later to maint).
+ (merge f2627d9b19 sb/submodule-config-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge 7eeda8b821 ls/filter-process later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.10.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.10.txt
index 9d425d8..20c2d2c 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.10.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.10.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ Fixes since v2.3.9
* xdiff code we use to generate diffs is not prepared to handle
extremely large files. It uses "int" in many places, which can
overflow if we have a very large number of lines or even bytes in
- our input files, for example. Cap the input size to soemwhere
+ our input files, for example. Cap the input size to somewhere
around 1GB for now.
* Some protocols (like git-remote-ext) can execute arbitrary code
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.10.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.10.txt
index 8621199..702d8d4 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.10.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.10.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ Fixes since v2.4.9
* xdiff code we use to generate diffs is not prepared to handle
extremely large files. It uses "int" in many places, which can
overflow if we have a very large number of lines or even bytes in
- our input files, for example. Cap the input size to soemwhere
+ our input files, for example. Cap the input size to somewhere
around 1GB for now.
* Some protocols (like git-remote-ext) can execute arbitrary code
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.4.txt
index a5e8477..b8a2f93 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.4.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ Fixes since v2.5.4
* xdiff code we use to generate diffs is not prepared to handle
extremely large files. It uses "int" in many places, which can
overflow if we have a very large number of lines or even bytes in
- our input files, for example. Cap the input size to soemwhere
+ our input files, for example. Cap the input size to somewhere
around 1GB for now.
* Some protocols (like git-remote-ext) can execute arbitrary code
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.1.txt
index 1e51363..f37ea89 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.6.1.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ Fixes since v2.6
* xdiff code we use to generate diffs is not prepared to handle
extremely large files. It uses "int" in many places, which can
overflow if we have a very large number of lines or even bytes in
- our input files, for example. Cap the input size to soemwhere
+ our input files, for example. Cap the input size to somewhere
around 1GB for now.
* Some protocols (like git-remote-ext) can execute arbitrary code
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b61d367
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,512 @@
+Git 2.9 Release Notes
+=====================
+
+Backward compatibility notes
+----------------------------
+
+The end-user facing Porcelain level commands in the "git diff" and
+"git log" family by default enable the rename detection; you can still
+use "diff.renames" configuration variable to disable this.
+
+Merging two branches that have no common ancestor with "git merge" is
+by default forbidden now to prevent creating such an unusual merge by
+mistake.
+
+The output formats of "git log" that indents the commit log message by
+4 spaces now expands HT in the log message by default. You can use
+the "--no-expand-tabs" option to disable this.
+
+"git commit-tree" plumbing command required the user to always sign
+its result when the user sets the commit.gpgsign configuration
+variable, which was an ancient mistake, which this release corrects.
+A script that drives commit-tree, if it relies on this mistake, now
+needs to read commit.gpgsign and pass the -S option as necessary.
+
+
+Updates since v2.8
+------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Comes with git-multimail 1.3.1 (in contrib/).
+
+ * The end-user facing commands like "git diff" and "git log"
+ now enable the rename detection by default.
+
+ * The credential.helper configuration variable is cumulative and
+ there is no good way to override it from the command line. As
+ a special case, giving an empty string as its value now serves
+ as the signal to clear the values specified in various files.
+
+ * A new "interactive.diffFilter" configuration can be used to
+ customize the diff shown in "git add -i" sessions.
+
+ * "git p4" now allows P4 author names to be mapped to Git author
+ names.
+
+ * "git rebase -x" can be used without passing "-i" option.
+
+ * "git -c credential.<var>=<value> submodule" can now be used to
+ propagate configuration variables related to credential helper
+ down to the submodules.
+
+ * "git tag" can create an annotated tag without explicitly given an
+ "-a" (or "-s") option (i.e. when a tag message is given). A new
+ configuration variable, tag.forceSignAnnotated, can be used to tell
+ the command to create signed tag in such a situation.
+
+ * "git merge" used to allow merging two branches that have no common
+ base by default, which led to a brand new history of an existing
+ project created and then get pulled by an unsuspecting maintainer,
+ which allowed an unnecessary parallel history merged into the
+ existing project. The command has been taught not to allow this by
+ default, with an escape hatch "--allow-unrelated-histories" option
+ to be used in a rare event that merges histories of two projects
+ that started their lives independently.
+
+ * "git pull" has been taught to pass the "--allow-unrelated-histories"
+ option to underlying "git merge".
+
+ * "git apply -v" learned to report paths in the patch that were
+ skipped via --include/--exclude mechanism or being outside the
+ current working directory.
+
+ * Shell completion (in contrib/) updates.
+
+ * The commit object name reported when "rebase -i" stops has been
+ shortened.
+
+ * "git worktree add" can be given "--no-checkout" option to only
+ create an empty worktree without checking out the files.
+
+ * "git mergetools" learned to drive ExamDiff.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" learned "--[no-]autostash" option, so that
+ the rebase.autostash configuration variable set to true can be
+ overridden from the command line.
+
+ * When "git log" shows the log message indented by 4-spaces, the
+ remainder of a line after a HT does not align in the way the author
+ originally intended. The command now expands tabs by default to help
+ such a case, and allows the users to override it with a new option,
+ "--no-expand-tabs".
+
+ * "git send-email" now uses a more readable timestamps when
+ formulating a message ID.
+
+ * "git rerere" can encounter two or more files with the same conflict
+ signature that have to be resolved in different ways, but there was
+ no way to record these separate resolutions.
+
+ * "git p4" learned to record P4 jobs in Git commit that imports from
+ the history in Perforce.
+
+ * "git describe --contains" often made a hard-to-justify choice of
+ tag to name a given commit, because it tried to come up
+ with a name with smallest number of hops from a tag, causing an old
+ commit whose close descendant that is recently tagged were not
+ described with respect to an old tag but with a newer tag. It did
+ not help that its computation of "hop" count was further tweaked to
+ penalize being on a side branch of a merge. The logic has been
+ updated to favor using the tag with the oldest tagger date, which
+ is a lot easier to explain to the end users: "We describe a commit
+ in terms of the (chronologically) oldest tag that contains the
+ commit."
+
+ * "git clone" learned the "--shallow-submodules" option.
+
+ * HTTP transport clients learned to throw extra HTTP headers at the
+ server, specified via http.extraHeader configuration variable.
+
+ * The "--compaction-heuristic" option to "git diff" family of
+ commands enables a heuristic to make the patch output more readable
+ by using a blank line as a strong hint that the contents before and
+ after it belong to logically separate units. It is still
+ experimental.
+
+ * A new configuration variable core.hooksPath allows customizing
+ where the hook directory is.
+
+ * An earlier addition of "sanitize_submodule_env" with 14111fc4 (git:
+ submodule honor -c credential.* from command line, 2016-02-29)
+ turned out to be a convoluted no-op; implement what it wanted to do
+ correctly, and stop filtering settings given via "git -c var=val".
+
+ * "git commit --dry-run" reported "No, no, you cannot commit." in one
+ case where "git commit" would have allowed you to commit, and this
+ improves it a little bit ("git commit --dry-run --short" still does
+ not give you the correct answer, for example). This is a stop-gap
+ measure in that "commit --short --dry-run" still gives an incorrect
+ result.
+
+ * The experimental "multiple worktree" feature gains more safety to
+ forbid operations on a branch that is checked out or being actively
+ worked on elsewhere, by noticing that e.g. it is being rebased.
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned a new "--base" option to record what
+ (public, well-known) commit the original series was built on in
+ its output.
+
+ * "git commit" learned to pay attention to the "commit.verbose"
+ configuration variable and act as if the "--verbose" option
+ was given from the command line.
+
+ * Updated documentation gives hints to GMail users with two-factor
+ auth enabled that they need app-specific-password when using
+ "git send-email".
+
+ * The manpage output of our documentation did not render well in
+ terminal; typeset literals in bold by default to make them stand
+ out more.
+
+ * The mark-up in the top-level README.md file has been updated to
+ typeset CLI command names differently from the body text.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * The embedded args argv-array in the child process is used to build
+ the command line to run pack-objects instead of using a separate
+ array of strings.
+
+ * A test for tags has been restructured so that more parts of it can
+ easily be run on a platform without a working GnuPG.
+
+ * The startup_info data, which records if we are working inside a
+ repository (among other things), are now uniformly available to Git
+ subcommand implementations, and Git avoids attempting to touch
+ references when we are not in a repository.
+
+ * The command line argument parser for "receive-pack" has been
+ rewritten to use parse-options.
+
+ * A major part of "git submodule update" has been ported to C to take
+ advantage of the recently added framework to run download tasks in
+ parallel. Other updates to "git submodule" that move pieces of
+ logic to C continues.
+
+ * Rename bunch of tests on "git clone" for better organization.
+
+ * The tests that involve running httpd leaked the system-wide
+ configuration in /etc/gitconfig to the tested environment.
+
+ * Build updates for MSVC.
+
+ * The repository set-up sequence has been streamlined (the biggest
+ change is that there is no longer git_config_early()), so that we
+ do not attempt to look into refs/* when we know we do not have a
+ Git repository.
+
+ * Code restructuring around the "refs" API to prepare for pluggable
+ refs backends.
+
+ * Sources to many test helper binaries and the generated helpers
+ have been moved to t/helper/ subdirectory to reduce clutter at the
+ top level of the tree.
+
+ * Unify internal logic between "git tag -v" and "git verify-tag"
+ commands by making one directly call into the other.
+
+ * "merge-recursive" strategy incorrectly checked if a path that is
+ involved in its internal merge exists in the working tree.
+
+ * The test scripts for "git p4" (but not "git p4" implementation
+ itself) has been updated so that they would work even on a system
+ where the installed version of Python is python 3.
+
+ * As nobody maintains our in-tree git.spec.in and distros use their
+ own spec file, we stopped pretending that we support "make rpm".
+
+ * Move from "unsigned char[20]" to "struct object_id" continues.
+
+ * The code for warning_errno/die_errno has been refactored and a new
+ error_errno() reporting helper is introduced.
+ (merge 1da045f nd/error-errno later to maint).
+
+ * Running tests with '-x' option to trace the individual command
+ executions is a useful way to debug test scripts, but some tests
+ that capture the standard error stream and check what the command
+ said can be broken with the trace output mixed in. When running
+ our tests under "bash", however, we can redirect the trace output
+ to another file descriptor to keep the standard error of programs
+ being tested intact.
+
+ * t0040 had too many unnecessary repetitions in its test data. Teach
+ test-parse-options program so that a caller can tell what it
+ expects in its output, so that these repetitions can be cleaned up.
+
+ * Add perf test for "rebase -i".
+
+ * Common mistakes when writing gitlink: in our documentation are
+ found by "make check-docs".
+
+ * t9xxx series has been updated primarily for readability, while
+ fixing small bugs in it. A few scripted Porcelain commands have
+ also been updated to fix possible bugs around their use of
+ "test -z" and "test -n".
+
+ * CI test was taught to run git-svn tests.
+
+ * "git cat-file --batch-all" has been sped up, by taking advantage
+ of the fact that it does not have to read a list of objects, in two
+ ways.
+
+ * test updates to make it more readable and maintainable.
+ (merge e6273f4 es/t1500-modernize later to maint).
+
+ * "make DEVELOPER=1" worked as expected; setting DEVELOPER=1 in
+ config.mak didn't.
+ (merge 51dd3e8 mm/makefile-developer-can-be-in-config-mak later to maint).
+
+ * The way how "submodule--helper list" signals unmatch error to its
+ callers has been updated.
+
+ * A bash-ism "local" has been removed from "git submodule" scripted
+ Porcelain.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.8
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.8 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git config --get-urlmatch", unlike other variants of the "git
+ config --get" family, did not signal error with its exit status
+ when there was no matching configuration.
+
+ * The "--local-env-vars" and "--resolve-git-dir" options of "git
+ rev-parse" failed to work outside a repository when the command's
+ option parsing was rewritten in 1.8.5 era.
+
+ * "git index-pack --keep[=<msg>] pack-$name.pack" simply did not work.
+
+ * Fetching of history by naming a commit object name directly didn't
+ work across remote-curl transport.
+
+ * A small memory leak in an error codepath has been plugged in xdiff
+ code.
+
+ * strbuf_getwholeline() did not NUL-terminate the buffer on certain
+ corner cases in its error codepath.
+
+ * "git mergetool" did not work well with conflicts that both sides
+ deleted.
+
+ * "git send-email" had trouble parsing alias file in mailrc format
+ when lines in it had trailing whitespaces on them.
+
+ * When "git merge --squash" stopped due to conflict, the concluding
+ "git commit" failed to read in the SQUASH_MSG that shows the log
+ messages from all the squashed commits.
+
+ * "git merge FETCH_HEAD" dereferenced NULL pointer when merging
+ nothing into an unborn history (which is arguably unusual usage,
+ which perhaps was the reason why nobody noticed it).
+
+ * When "git worktree" feature is in use, "git branch -d" allowed
+ deletion of a branch that is checked out in another worktree,
+ which was wrong.
+
+ * When "git worktree" feature is in use, "git branch -m" renamed a
+ branch that is checked out in another worktree without adjusting
+ the HEAD symbolic ref for the worktree.
+
+ * "git diff -M" used to work better when two originally identical
+ files A and B got renamed to X/A and X/B by pairing A to X/A and B
+ to X/B, but this was broken in the 2.0 timeframe.
+
+ * "git send-pack --all <there>" was broken when its command line
+ option parsing was written in the 2.6 timeframe.
+
+ * "git format-patch --help" showed `-s` and `--no-patch` as if these
+ are valid options to the command. We already hide `--patch` option
+ from the documentation, because format-patch is about showing the
+ diff, and the documentation now hides these options as well.
+
+ * When running "git blame $path" with unnormalized data in the index
+ for the path, the data in the working tree was blamed, even though
+ "git add" would not have changed what is already in the index, due
+ to "safe crlf" that disables the line-end conversion. It has been
+ corrected.
+
+ * A change back in version 2.7 to "git branch" broke display of a
+ symbolic ref in a non-standard place in the refs/ hierarchy (we
+ expect symbolic refs to appear in refs/remotes/*/HEAD to point at
+ the primary branch the remote has, and as .git/HEAD to point at the
+ branch we locally checked out).
+
+ * A partial rewrite of "git submodule" in the 2.7 timeframe changed
+ the way the gitdir: pointer in the submodules point at the real
+ repository location to use absolute paths by accident. This has
+ been corrected.
+
+ * "git commit" misbehaved in a few minor ways when an empty message
+ is given via -m '', all of which has been corrected.
+
+ * Support for CRAM-MD5 authentication method in "git imap-send" did
+ not work well.
+
+ * Upcoming OpenSSL 1.1.0 will break compilation by updating a few API
+ elements we use in imap-send, which has been adjusted for the change.
+
+ * The socks5:// proxy support added back in 2.6.4 days was not aware
+ that socks5h:// proxies behave differently from socks5:// proxies.
+
+ * "git config" had a codepath that tried to pass a NULL to
+ printf("%s"), which nobody seems to have noticed.
+
+ * On Cygwin, object creation uses the "create a temporary and then
+ rename it to the final name" pattern, not "create a temporary,
+ hardlink it to the final name and then unlink the temporary"
+ pattern.
+
+ This is necessary to use Git on Windows shared directories, and is
+ already enabled for the MinGW and plain Windows builds. It also
+ has been used in Cygwin packaged versions of Git for quite a while.
+ See http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git/291853
+
+ * "merge-octopus" strategy did not ensure that the index is clean
+ when merge begins.
+
+ * When "git merge" notices that the merge can be resolved purely at
+ the tree level (without having to merge blobs) and the resulting
+ tree happens to already exist in the object store, it forgot to
+ update the index, which left an inconsistent state that would
+ break later operations.
+
+ * "git submodule" reports the paths of submodules the command
+ recurses into, but these paths were incorrectly reported when
+ the command was not run from the root level of the superproject.
+
+ * The "user.useConfigOnly" configuration variable makes it an error
+ if users do not explicitly set user.name and user.email. However,
+ its check was not done early enough and allowed another error to
+ trigger, reporting that the default value we guessed from the
+ system setting was unusable. This was a suboptimal end-user
+ experience as we want the users to set user.name/user.email without
+ relying on the auto-detection at all.
+
+ * "git mv old new" did not adjust the path for a submodule that lives
+ as a subdirectory inside old/ directory correctly.
+
+ * "git replace -e" did not honour "core.editor" configuration.
+
+ * "git push" from a corrupt repository that attempts to push a large
+ number of refs deadlocked; the thread to relay rejection notices
+ for these ref updates blocked on writing them to the main thread,
+ after the main thread at the receiving end notices that the push
+ failed and decides not to read these notices and return a failure.
+
+ * mmap emulation on Windows has been optimized and work better without
+ consuming paging store when not needed.
+
+ * A question by "git send-email" to ask the identity of the sender
+ has been updated.
+
+ * UI consistency improvements for "git mergetool".
+
+ * "git rebase -m" could be asked to rebase an entire branch starting
+ from the root, but failed by assuming that there always is a parent
+ commit to the first commit on the branch.
+
+ * Fix a broken "p4 lfs" test.
+
+ * Recent update to Git LFS broke "git p4" by changing the output from
+ its "lfs pointer" subcommand.
+
+ * "git fetch" test t5510 was flaky while running a (forced) automagic
+ garbage collection.
+
+ * Documentation updates to help contributors setting up Travis CI
+ test for their patches.
+
+ * Some multi-byte encoding can have a backslash byte as a later part
+ of one letter, which would confuse "highlight" filter used in
+ gitweb.
+
+ * "git commit-tree" plumbing command required the user to always sign
+ its result when the user sets the commit.gpgsign configuration
+ variable, which was an ancient mistake. Rework "git rebase" that
+ relied on this mistake so that it reads commit.gpgsign and pass (or
+ not pass) the -S option to "git commit-tree" to keep the end-user
+ expectation the same, while teaching "git commit-tree" to ignore
+ the configuration variable. This will stop requiring the users to
+ sign commit objects used internally as an implementation detail of
+ "git stash".
+
+ * "http.cookieFile" configuration variable clearly wants a pathname,
+ but we forgot to treat it as such by e.g. applying tilde expansion.
+
+ * Consolidate description of tilde-expansion that is done to
+ configuration variables that take pathname to a single place.
+
+ * Correct faulty recommendation to use "git submodule deinit ." when
+ de-initialising all submodules, which would result in a strange
+ error message in a pathological corner case.
+
+ * Many 'linkgit:<git documentation page>' references were broken,
+ which are all fixed with this.
+
+ * "git rerere" can get confused by conflict markers deliberately left
+ by the inner merge step, because they are indistinguishable from
+ the real conflict markers left by the outermost merge which are
+ what the end user and "rerere" need to look at. This was fixed by
+ making the conflict markers left by the inner merges a bit longer.
+ (merge 0f9fd5c jc/ll-merge-internal later to maint).
+
+ * CI test was taught to build documentation pages.
+
+ * "git fsck" learned to catch NUL byte in a commit object as
+ potential error and warn.
+
+ * Portability enhancement for "rebase -i" to help platforms whose
+ shell does not like "for i in <empty>" (which is not POSIX-kosher).
+
+ * On Windows, .git and optionally any files whose name starts with a
+ dot are now marked as hidden, with a core.hideDotFiles knob to
+ customize this behaviour.
+
+ * Documentation for "git merge --verify-signatures" has been updated
+ to clarify that the signature of only the commit at the tip is
+ verified. Also the phrasing used for signature and key validity is
+ adjusted to align with that used by OpenPGP.
+
+ * A couple of bugs around core.autocrlf have been fixed.
+
+ * Many commands normalize command line arguments from NFD to NFC
+ variant of UTF-8 on OSX, but commands in the "diff" family did
+ not, causing "git diff $path" to complain that no such path is
+ known to Git. They have been taught to do the normalization.
+
+ * "git difftool" learned to handle unmerged paths correctly in
+ dir-diff mode.
+
+ * The "are we talking with TTY, doing an interactive session?"
+ detection has been updated to work better for "Git for Windows".
+
+ * We forgot to add "git log --decorate=auto" to documentation when we
+ added the feature back in v2.1.0 timeframe.
+ (merge 462cbb4 rj/log-decorate-auto later to maint).
+
+ * "git fast-import --export-marks" would overwrite the existing marks
+ file even when it makes a dump from its custom die routine.
+ Prevent it from doing so when we have an import-marks file but
+ haven't finished reading it.
+ (merge f4beed6 fc/fast-import-broken-marks-file later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase -i", after it fails to auto-resolve the conflict, had
+ an unnecessary call to "git rerere" from its very early days, which
+ was spotted recently; the call has been removed.
+ (merge 7063693 js/rebase-i-dedup-call-to-rerere later to maint).
+
+ * Other minor clean-ups and documentation updates
+ (merge cd82b7a pa/cherry-pick-doc-typo later to maint).
+ (merge 2bb73ae rs/patch-id-use-skip-prefix later to maint).
+ (merge aa20cbc rs/apply-name-terminate later to maint).
+ (merge fe17fc0 jc/t2300-setup later to maint).
+ (merge e256eec jk/shell-portability later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3383940
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,117 @@
+Git v2.9.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.9
+----------------
+
+ * When "git daemon" is run without --[init-]timeout specified, a
+ connection from a client that silently goes offline can hang around
+ for a long time, wasting resources. The socket-level KEEPALIVE has
+ been enabled to allow the OS to notice such failed connections.
+
+ * The commands in `git log` family take %C(auto) in a custom format
+ string. This unconditionally turned the color on, ignoring
+ --no-color or with --color=auto when the output is not connected to
+ a tty; this was corrected to make the format truly behave as
+ "auto".
+
+ * "git rev-list --count" whose walk-length is limited with "-n"
+ option did not work well with the counting optimized to look at the
+ bitmap index.
+
+ * "git show -W" (extend hunks to cover the entire function, delimited
+ by lines that match the "funcname" pattern) used to show the entire
+ file when a change added an entire function at the end of the file,
+ which has been fixed.
+
+ * The documentation set has been updated so that literal commands,
+ configuration variables and environment variables are consistently
+ typeset in fixed-width font and bold in manpages.
+
+ * "git svn propset" subcommand that was added in 2.3 days is
+ documented now.
+
+ * The documentation tries to consistently spell "GPG"; when
+ referring to the specific program name, "gpg" is used.
+
+ * "git reflog" stopped upon seeing an entry that denotes a branch
+ creation event (aka "unborn"), which made it appear as if the
+ reflog was truncated.
+
+ * The git-prompt scriptlet (in contrib/) was not friendly with those
+ who uses "set -u", which has been fixed.
+
+ * A codepath that used alloca(3) to place an unbounded amount of data
+ on the stack has been updated to avoid doing so.
+
+ * "git update-index --add --chmod=+x file" may be usable as an escape
+ hatch, but not a friendly thing to force for people who do need to
+ use it regularly. "git add --chmod=+x file" can be used instead.
+
+ * Build improvements for gnome-keyring (in contrib/)
+
+ * "git status" used to say "working directory" when it meant "working
+ tree".
+
+ * Comments about misbehaving FreeBSD shells have been clarified with
+ the version number (9.x and before are broken, newer ones are OK).
+
+ * "git cherry-pick A" worked on an unborn branch, but "git
+ cherry-pick A..B" didn't.
+
+ * "git add -i/-p" learned to honor diff.compactionHeuristic
+ experimental knob, so that the user can work on the same hunk split
+ as "git diff" output.
+
+ * "log --graph --format=" learned that "%>|(N)" specifies the width
+ relative to the terminal's left edge, not relative to the area to
+ draw text that is to the right of the ancestry-graph section. It
+ also now accepts negative N that means the column limit is relative
+ to the right border.
+
+ * The ownership rule for the piece of memory that hold references to
+ be fetched in "git fetch" was screwy, which has been cleaned up.
+
+ * "git bisect" makes an internal call to "git diff-tree" when
+ bisection finds the culprit, but this call did not initialize the
+ data structure to pass to the diff-tree API correctly.
+
+ * Formats of the various data (and how to validate them) where we use
+ GPG signature have been documented.
+
+ * Fix an unintended regression in v2.9 that breaks "clone --depth"
+ that recurses down to submodules by forcing the submodules to also
+ be cloned shallowly, which many server instances that host upstream
+ of the submodules are not prepared for.
+
+ * Fix unnecessarily waste in the idiomatic use of ': ${VAR=default}'
+ to set the default value, without enclosing it in double quotes.
+
+ * Some platform-specific code had non-ANSI strict declarations of C
+ functions that do not take any parameters, which has been
+ corrected.
+
+ * The internal code used to show local timezone offset is not
+ prepared to handle timestamps beyond year 2100, and gave a
+ bogus offset value to the caller. Use a more benign looking
+ +0000 instead and let "git log" going in such a case, instead
+ of aborting.
+
+ * One among four invocations of readlink(1) in our test suite has
+ been rewritten so that the test can run on systems without the
+ command (others are in valgrind test framework and t9802).
+
+ * t/perf needs /usr/bin/time with GNU extension; the invocation of it
+ is updated to "gtime" on Darwin.
+
+ * A bug, which caused "git p4" while running under verbose mode to
+ report paths that are omitted due to branch prefix incorrectly, has
+ been fixed; the command said "Ignoring file outside of prefix" for
+ paths that are _inside_.
+
+ * The top level documentation "git help git" still pointed at the
+ documentation set hosted at now-defunct google-code repository.
+ Update it to point to https://git.github.io/htmldocs/git.html
+ instead.
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2620003
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+Git v2.9.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.9.1
+------------------
+
+ * A fix merged to v2.9.1 had a few tests that are not meant to be
+ run on platforms without 64-bit long, which caused unnecessary
+ test failures on them because we didn't detect the platform and
+ skip them. These tests are now skipped on platforms that they
+ are not applicable to.
+
+No other change is included in this update.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..695b86f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,170 @@
+Git v2.9.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.9.2
+------------------
+
+ * A helper function that takes the contents of a commit object and
+ finds its subject line did not ignore leading blank lines, as is
+ commonly done by other codepaths. Make it ignore leading blank
+ lines to match.
+
+ * Git does not know what the contents in the index should be for a
+ path added with "git add -N" yet, so "git grep --cached" should not
+ show hits (or show lack of hits, with -L) in such a path, but that
+ logic does not apply to "git grep", i.e. searching in the working
+ tree files. But we did so by mistake, which has been corrected.
+
+ * "git rebase -i --autostash" did not restore the auto-stashed change
+ when the operation was aborted.
+
+ * "git commit --amend --allow-empty-message -S" for a commit without
+ any message body could have misidentified where the header of the
+ commit object ends.
+
+ * More mark-up updates to typeset strings that are expected to
+ literally typed by the end user in fixed-width font.
+
+ * For a long time, we carried an in-code comment that said our
+ colored output would work only when we use fprintf/fputs on
+ Windows, which no longer is the case for the past few years.
+
+ * "gc.autoPackLimit" when set to 1 should not trigger a repacking
+ when there is only one pack, but the code counted poorly and did
+ so.
+
+ * One part of "git am" had an oddball helper function that called
+ stuff from outside "his" as opposed to calling what we have "ours",
+ which was not gender-neutral and also inconsistent with the rest of
+ the system where outside stuff is usuall called "theirs" in
+ contrast to "ours".
+
+ * The test framework learned a new helper test_match_signal to
+ check an exit code from getting killed by an expected signal.
+
+ * "git blame -M" missed a single line that was moved within the file.
+
+ * Fix recently introduced codepaths that are involved in parallel
+ submodule operations, which gave up on reading too early, and
+ could have wasted CPU while attempting to write under a corner
+ case condition.
+
+ * "git grep -i" has been taught to fold case in non-ascii locales
+ correctly.
+
+ * A test that unconditionally used "mktemp" learned that the command
+ is not necessarily available everywhere.
+
+ * "git blame file" allowed the lineage of lines in the uncommitted,
+ unadded contents of "file" to be inspected, but it refused when
+ "file" did not appear in the current commit. When "file" was
+ created by renaming an existing file (but the change has not been
+ committed), this restriction was unnecessarily tight.
+
+ * "git add -N dir/file && git write-tree" produced an incorrect tree
+ when there are other paths in the same directory that sorts after
+ "file".
+
+ * "git fetch http://user:pass@host/repo..." scrubbed the userinfo
+ part, but "git push" didn't.
+
+ * An age old bug that caused "git diff --ignore-space-at-eol"
+ misbehave has been fixed.
+
+ * "git notes merge" had a code to see if a path exists (and fails if
+ it does) and then open the path for writing (when it doesn't).
+ Replace it with open with O_EXCL.
+
+ * "git pack-objects" and "git index-pack" mostly operate with off_t
+ when talking about the offset of objects in a packfile, but there
+ were a handful of places that used "unsigned long" to hold that
+ value, leading to an unintended truncation.
+
+ * Recent update to "git daemon" tries to enable the socket-level
+ KEEPALIVE, but when it is spawned via inetd, the standard input
+ file descriptor may not necessarily be connected to a socket.
+ Suppress an ENOTSOCK error from setsockopt().
+
+ * Recent FreeBSD stopped making perl available at /usr/bin/perl;
+ switch the default the built-in path to /usr/local/bin/perl on not
+ too ancient FreeBSD releases.
+
+ * "git status" learned to suggest "merge --abort" during a conflicted
+ merge, just like it already suggests "rebase --abort" during a
+ conflicted rebase.
+
+ * The .c/.h sources are marked as such in our .gitattributes file so
+ that "git diff -W" and friends would work better.
+
+ * Existing autoconf generated test for the need to link with pthread
+ library did not check all the functions from pthread libraries;
+ recent FreeBSD has some functions in libc but not others, and we
+ mistakenly thought linking with libc is enough when it is not.
+
+ * Allow http daemon tests in Travis CI tests.
+
+ * Users of the parse_options_concat() API function need to allocate
+ extra slots in advance and fill them with OPT_END() when they want
+ to decide the set of supported options dynamically, which makes the
+ code error-prone and hard to read. This has been corrected by tweaking
+ the API to allocate and return a new copy of "struct option" array.
+
+ * The use of strbuf in "git rm" to build filename to remove was a bit
+ suboptimal, which has been fixed.
+
+ * "git commit --help" said "--no-verify" is only about skipping the
+ pre-commit hook, and failed to say that it also skipped the
+ commit-msg hook.
+
+ * "git merge" in Git v2.9 was taught to forbid merging an unrelated
+ lines of history by default, but that is exactly the kind of thing
+ the "--rejoin" mode of "git subtree" (in contrib/) wants to do.
+ "git subtree" has been taught to use the "--allow-unrelated-histories"
+ option to override the default.
+
+ * The build procedure for "git persistent-https" helper (in contrib/)
+ has been updated so that it can be built with more recent versions
+ of Go.
+
+ * There is an optimization used in "git diff $treeA $treeB" to borrow
+ an already checked-out copy in the working tree when it is known to
+ be the same as the blob being compared, expecting that open/mmap of
+ such a file is faster than reading it from the object store, which
+ involves inflating and applying delta. This however kicked in even
+ when the checked-out copy needs to go through the convert-to-git
+ conversion (including the clean filter), which defeats the whole
+ point of the optimization. The optimization has been disabled when
+ the conversion is necessary.
+
+ * "git -c grep.patternType=extended log --basic-regexp" misbehaved
+ because the internal API to access the grep machinery was not
+ designed well.
+
+ * Windows port was failing some tests in t4130, due to the lack of
+ inum in the returned values by its lstat(2) emulation.
+
+ * The characters in the label shown for tags/refs for commits in
+ "gitweb" output are now properly escaped for proper HTML output.
+
+ * FreeBSD can lie when asked mtime of a directory, which made the
+ untracked cache code to fall back to a slow-path, which in turn
+ caused tests in t7063 to fail because it wanted to verify the
+ behaviour of the fast-path.
+
+ * Squelch compiler warnings for netmalloc (in compat/) library.
+
+ * The API documentation for hashmap was unclear if hashmap_entry
+ can be safely discarded without any other consideration. State
+ that it is safe to do so.
+
+ * Not-so-recent rewrite of "git am" that started making internal
+ calls into the commit machinery had an unintended regression, in
+ that no matter how many seconds it took to apply many patches, the
+ resulting committer timestamp for the resulting commits were all
+ the same.
+
+ * "git difftool <paths>..." started in a subdirectory failed to
+ interpret the paths relative to that directory, which has been
+ fixed.
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..01e8642
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.9.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+Git v2.9.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.9.3
+------------------
+
+ * There are certain house-keeping tasks that need to be performed at
+ the very beginning of any Git program, and programs that are not
+ built-in commands had to do them exactly the same way as "git"
+ potty does. It was easy to make mistakes in one-off standalone
+ programs (like test helpers). A common "main()" function that
+ calls cmd_main() of individual program has been introduced to
+ make it harder to make mistakes.
+
+ * "git merge" with renormalization did not work well with
+ merge-recursive, due to "safer crlf" conversion kicking in when it
+ shouldn't.
+
+ * The reflog output format is documented better, and a new format
+ --date=unix to report the seconds-since-epoch (without timezone)
+ has been added.
+
+ * "git push --force-with-lease" already had enough logic to allow
+ ensuring that such a push results in creation of a ref (i.e. the
+ receiving end did not have another push from sideways that would be
+ discarded by our force-pushing), but didn't expose this possibility
+ to the users. It does so now.
+
+ * "import-tars" fast-import script (in contrib/) used to ignore a
+ hardlink target and replaced it with an empty file, which has been
+ corrected to record the same blob as the other file the hardlink is
+ shared with.
+
+ * "git mv dir non-existing-dir/" did not work in some environments
+ the same way as existing mainstream platforms. The code now moves
+ "dir" to "non-existing-dir", without relying on rename("A", "B/")
+ that strips the trailing slash of '/'.
+
+ * The "t/" hierarchy is prone to get an unusual pathname; "make test"
+ has been taught to make sure they do not contain paths that cannot
+ be checked out on Windows (and the mechanism can be reusable to
+ catch pathnames that are not portable to other platforms as need
+ arises).
+
+ * When "git merge-recursive" works on history with many criss-cross
+ merges in "verbose" mode, the names the command assigns to the
+ virtual merge bases could have overwritten each other by unintended
+ reuse of the same piece of memory.
+
+ * "git checkout --detach <branch>" used to give the same advice
+ message as that is issued when "git checkout <tag>" (or anything
+ that is not a branch name) is given, but asking with "--detach" is
+ an explicit enough sign that the user knows what is going on. The
+ advice message has been squelched in this case.
+
+ * "git difftool" by default ignores the error exit from the backend
+ commands it spawns, because often they signal that they found
+ differences by exiting with a non-zero status code just like "diff"
+ does; the exit status codes 126 and above however are special in
+ that they are used to signal that the command is not executable,
+ does not exist, or killed by a signal. "git difftool" has been
+ taught to notice these exit status codes.
+
+ * On Windows, help.browser configuration variable used to be ignored,
+ which has been corrected.
+
+ * The "git -c var[=val] cmd" facility to append a configuration
+ variable definition at the end of the search order was described in
+ git(1) manual page, but not in git-config(1), which was more likely
+ place for people to look for when they ask "can I make a one-shot
+ override, and if so how?"
+
+ * The tempfile (hence its user lockfile) API lets the caller to open
+ a file descriptor to a temporary file, write into it and then
+ finalize it by first closing the filehandle and then either
+ removing or renaming the temporary file. When the process spawns a
+ subprocess after obtaining the file descriptor, and if the
+ subprocess has not exited when the attempt to remove or rename is
+ made, the last step fails on Windows, because the subprocess has
+ the file descriptor still open. Open tempfile with O_CLOEXEC flag
+ to avoid this (on Windows, this is mapped to O_NOINHERIT).
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index e8ad978..08352de 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -121,6 +121,16 @@ its behaviour. Try to make sure your explanation can be understood
without external resources. Instead of giving a URL to a mailing list
archive, summarize the relevant points of the discussion.
+If you want to reference a previous commit in the history of a stable
+branch, use the format "abbreviated sha1 (subject, date)",
+with the subject enclosed in a pair of double-quotes, like this:
+
+ Commit f86a374 ("pack-bitmap.c: fix a memleak", 2015-03-30)
+ noticed that ...
+
+The "Copy commit summary" command of gitk can be used to obtain this
+format.
+
(3) Generate your patch using Git tools out of your commits.
diff --git a/Documentation/blame-options.txt b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
index 02cb684..2669b87 100644
--- a/Documentation/blame-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
@@ -28,12 +28,13 @@ include::line-range-format.txt[]
-S <revs-file>::
Use revisions from revs-file instead of calling linkgit:git-rev-list[1].
---reverse::
+--reverse <rev>..<rev>::
Walk history forward instead of backward. Instead of showing
the revision in which a line appeared, this shows the last
revision in which a line has existed. This requires a range of
revision like START..END where the path to blame exists in
- START.
+ START. `git blame --reverse START` is taken as `git blame
+ --reverse START..HEAD` for convenience.
-p::
--porcelain::
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index 780fbdf..801de79 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -140,7 +140,7 @@ boolean::
false;; Boolean false can be spelled as `no`, `off`,
`false`, or `0`.
+
-When converting value to the canonical form using '--bool' type
+When converting value to the canonical form using `--bool` type
specifier; 'git config' will ensure that the output is "true" or
"false" (spelled in lowercase).
@@ -150,27 +150,34 @@ integer::
1024", "by 1024x1024", etc.
color::
- The value for a variables that takes a color is a list of
- colors (at most two) and attributes (at most one), separated
- by spaces. The colors accepted are `normal`, `black`,
- `red`, `green`, `yellow`, `blue`, `magenta`, `cyan` and
- `white`; the attributes are `bold`, `dim`, `ul`, `blink` and
- `reverse`. The first color given is the foreground; the
- second is the background. The position of the attribute, if
- any, doesn't matter. Attributes may be turned off specifically
- by prefixing them with `no` (e.g., `noreverse`, `noul`, etc).
-+
-Colors (foreground and background) may also be given as numbers between
-0 and 255; these use ANSI 256-color mode (but note that not all
-terminals may support this). If your terminal supports it, you may also
-specify 24-bit RGB values as hex, like `#ff0ab3`.
-+
-The attributes are meant to be reset at the beginning of each item
-in the colored output, so setting color.decorate.branch to `black`
-will paint that branch name in a plain `black`, even if the previous
-thing on the same output line (e.g. opening parenthesis before the
-list of branch names in `log --decorate` output) is set to be
-painted with `bold` or some other attribute.
+ The value for a variable that takes a color is a list of
+ colors (at most two, one for foreground and one for background)
+ and attributes (as many as you want), separated by spaces.
++
+The basic colors accepted are `normal`, `black`, `red`, `green`, `yellow`,
+`blue`, `magenta`, `cyan` and `white`. The first color given is the
+foreground; the second is the background.
++
+Colors may also be given as numbers between 0 and 255; these use ANSI
+256-color mode (but note that not all terminals may support this). If
+your terminal supports it, you may also specify 24-bit RGB values as
+hex, like `#ff0ab3`.
++
+The accepted attributes are `bold`, `dim`, `ul`, `blink`, `reverse`,
+`italic`, and `strike` (for crossed-out or "strikethrough" letters).
+The position of any attributes with respect to the colors
+(before, after, or in between), doesn't matter. Specific attributes may
+be turned off by prefixing them with `no` or `no-` (e.g., `noreverse`,
+`no-ul`, etc).
++
+For git's pre-defined color slots, the attributes are meant to be reset
+at the beginning of each item in the colored output. So setting
+`color.decorate.branch` to `black` will paint that branch name in a
+plain `black`, even if the previous thing on the same output line (e.g.
+opening parenthesis before the list of branch names in `log --decorate`
+output) is set to be painted with `bold` or some other attribute.
+However, custom log formats may do more complicated and layered
+coloring, and the negated forms may be useful there.
pathname::
A variable that takes a pathname value can be given a
@@ -405,13 +412,11 @@ file with mixed line endings would be reported by the `core.safecrlf`
mechanism.
core.autocrlf::
- Setting this variable to "true" is almost the same as setting
- the `text` attribute to "auto" on all files except that text
- files are not guaranteed to be normalized: files that contain
- `CRLF` in the repository will not be touched. Use this
- setting if you want to have `CRLF` line endings in your
- working directory even though the repository does not have
- normalized line endings. This variable can be set to 'input',
+ Setting this variable to "true" is the same as setting
+ the `text` attribute to "auto" on all files and core.eol to "crlf".
+ Set to true if you want to have `CRLF` line endings in your
+ working directory and the repository has LF line endings.
+ This variable can be set to 'input',
in which case no output conversion is performed.
core.symlinks::
@@ -434,7 +439,7 @@ core.gitProxy::
may be set multiple times and is matched in the given order;
the first match wins.
+
-Can be overridden by the 'GIT_PROXY_COMMAND' environment variable
+Can be overridden by the `GIT_PROXY_COMMAND` environment variable
(which always applies universally, without the special "for"
handling).
+
@@ -443,6 +448,13 @@ specify that no proxy be used for a given domain pattern.
This is useful for excluding servers inside a firewall from
proxy use, while defaulting to a common proxy for external domains.
+core.sshCommand::
+ If this variable is set, `git fetch` and `git push` will
+ use the specified command instead of `ssh` when they need to
+ connect to a remote system. The command is in the same form as
+ the `GIT_SSH_COMMAND` environment variable and is overridden
+ when the environment variable is set.
+
core.ignoreStat::
If true, Git will avoid using lstat() calls to detect if files have
changed by setting the "assume-unchanged" bit for those tracked files
@@ -478,10 +490,10 @@ false), while all other repositories are assumed to be bare (bare
core.worktree::
Set the path to the root of the working tree.
- If GIT_COMMON_DIR environment variable is set, core.worktree
+ If `GIT_COMMON_DIR` environment variable is set, core.worktree
is ignored and not used for determining the root of working tree.
- This can be overridden by the GIT_WORK_TREE environment
- variable and the '--work-tree' command-line option.
+ This can be overridden by the `GIT_WORK_TREE` environment
+ variable and the `--work-tree` command-line option.
The value can be an absolute path or relative to the path to
the .git directory, which is either specified by --git-dir
or GIT_DIR, or automatically discovered.
@@ -545,7 +557,7 @@ core.compression::
-1 is the zlib default. 0 means no compression,
and 1..9 are various speed/size tradeoffs, 9 being slowest.
If set, this provides a default to other compression variables,
- such as 'core.looseCompression' and 'pack.compression'.
+ such as `core.looseCompression` and `pack.compression`.
core.looseCompression::
An integer -1..9, indicating the compression level for objects that
@@ -619,9 +631,9 @@ core.excludesFile::
core.askPass::
Some commands (e.g. svn and http interfaces) that interactively
ask for a password can be told to use an external program given
- via the value of this variable. Can be overridden by the 'GIT_ASKPASS'
+ via the value of this variable. Can be overridden by the `GIT_ASKPASS`
environment variable. If not set, fall back to the value of the
- 'SSH_ASKPASS' environment variable or, failing that, a simple password
+ `SSH_ASKPASS` environment variable or, failing that, a simple password
prompt. The external program shall be given a suitable prompt as
command-line argument and write the password on its STDOUT.
@@ -633,6 +645,23 @@ core.attributesFile::
`$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/attributes`. If `$XDG_CONFIG_HOME` is either not
set or empty, `$HOME/.config/git/attributes` is used instead.
+core.hooksPath::
+ By default Git will look for your hooks in the
+ '$GIT_DIR/hooks' directory. Set this to different path,
+ e.g. '/etc/git/hooks', and Git will try to find your hooks in
+ that directory, e.g. '/etc/git/hooks/pre-receive' instead of
+ in '$GIT_DIR/hooks/pre-receive'.
++
+The path can be either absolute or relative. A relative path is
+taken as relative to the directory where the hooks are run (see
+the "DESCRIPTION" section of linkgit:githooks[5]).
++
+This configuration variable is useful in cases where you'd like to
+centrally configure your Git hooks instead of configuring them on a
+per-repository basis, or as a more flexible and centralized
+alternative to having an `init.templateDir` where you've changed
+default hooks.
+
core.editor::
Commands such as `commit` and `tag` that lets you edit
messages by launching an editor uses the value of this
@@ -747,7 +776,7 @@ core.notesRef::
notes should be printed.
+
This setting defaults to "refs/notes/commits", and it can be overridden by
-the 'GIT_NOTES_REF' environment variable. See linkgit:git-notes[1].
+the `GIT_NOTES_REF` environment variable. See linkgit:git-notes[1].
core.sparseCheckout::
Enable "sparse checkout" feature. See section "Sparse checkout" in
@@ -762,7 +791,7 @@ core.abbrev::
add.ignoreErrors::
add.ignore-errors (deprecated)::
Tells 'git add' to continue adding files when some files cannot be
- added due to indexing errors. Equivalent to the '--ignore-errors'
+ added due to indexing errors. Equivalent to the `--ignore-errors`
option of linkgit:git-add[1]. `add.ignore-errors` is deprecated,
as it does not follow the usual naming convention for configuration
variables.
@@ -783,14 +812,14 @@ it will be treated as a shell command. For example, defining
"gitk --all --not ORIG_HEAD". Note that shell commands will be
executed from the top-level directory of a repository, which may
not necessarily be the current directory.
-'GIT_PREFIX' is set as returned by running 'git rev-parse --show-prefix'
+`GIT_PREFIX` is set as returned by running 'git rev-parse --show-prefix'
from the original current directory. See linkgit:git-rev-parse[1].
am.keepcr::
If true, git-am will call git-mailsplit for patches in mbox format
- with parameter '--keep-cr'. In this case git-mailsplit will
+ with parameter `--keep-cr`. In this case git-mailsplit will
not remove `\r` from lines ending with `\r\n`. Can be overridden
- by giving '--no-keep-cr' from the command line.
+ by giving `--no-keep-cr` from the command line.
See linkgit:git-am[1], linkgit:git-mailsplit[1].
am.threeWay::
@@ -803,7 +832,7 @@ am.threeWay::
apply.ignoreWhitespace::
When set to 'change', tells 'git apply' to ignore changes in
- whitespace, in the same way as the '--ignore-space-change'
+ whitespace, in the same way as the `--ignore-space-change`
option.
When set to one of: no, none, never, false tells 'git apply' to
respect all whitespace differences.
@@ -811,7 +840,7 @@ apply.ignoreWhitespace::
apply.whitespace::
Tells 'git apply' how to handle whitespaces, in the same way
- as the '--whitespace' option. See linkgit:git-apply[1].
+ as the `--whitespace` option. See linkgit:git-apply[1].
branch.autoSetupMerge::
Tells 'git branch' and 'git checkout' to set up new branches
@@ -913,7 +942,7 @@ browser.<tool>.cmd::
browser.<tool>.path::
Override the path for the given tool that may be used to
- browse HTML help (see '-w' option in linkgit:git-help[1]) or a
+ browse HTML help (see `-w` option in linkgit:git-help[1]) or a
working repository in gitweb (see linkgit:git-instaweb[1]).
clean.requireForce::
@@ -924,7 +953,8 @@ color.branch::
A boolean to enable/disable color in the output of
linkgit:git-branch[1]. May be set to `always`,
`false` (or `never`) or `auto` (or `true`), in which case colors are used
- only when the output is to a terminal. Defaults to false.
+ only when the output is to a terminal. If unset, then the
+ value of `color.ui` is used (`auto` by default).
color.branch.<slot>::
Use customized color for branch coloration. `<slot>` is one of
@@ -939,7 +969,8 @@ color.diff::
linkgit:git-log[1], and linkgit:git-show[1] will use color
for all patches. If it is set to `true` or `auto`, those
commands will only use color when output is to the terminal.
- Defaults to false.
+ If unset, then the value of `color.ui` is used (`auto` by
+ default).
+
This does not affect linkgit:git-format-patch[1] or the
'git-diff-{asterisk}' plumbing commands. Can be overridden on the
@@ -962,7 +993,8 @@ color.decorate.<slot>::
color.grep::
When set to `always`, always highlight matches. When `false` (or
`never`), never. When set to `true` or `auto`, use color only
- when the output is written to the terminal. Defaults to `false`.
+ when the output is written to the terminal. If unset, then the
+ value of `color.ui` is used (`auto` by default).
color.grep.<slot>::
Use customized color for grep colorization. `<slot>` specifies which
@@ -995,7 +1027,8 @@ color.interactive::
and displays (such as those used by "git-add --interactive" and
"git-clean --interactive"). When false (or `never`), never.
When set to `true` or `auto`, use colors only when the output is
- to the terminal. Defaults to false.
+ to the terminal. If unset, then the value of `color.ui` is
+ used (`auto` by default).
color.interactive.<slot>::
Use customized color for 'git add --interactive' and 'git clean
@@ -1011,13 +1044,15 @@ color.showBranch::
A boolean to enable/disable color in the output of
linkgit:git-show-branch[1]. May be set to `always`,
`false` (or `never`) or `auto` (or `true`), in which case colors are used
- only when the output is to a terminal. Defaults to false.
+ only when the output is to a terminal. If unset, then the
+ value of `color.ui` is used (`auto` by default).
color.status::
A boolean to enable/disable color in the output of
linkgit:git-status[1]. May be set to `always`,
`false` (or `never`) or `auto` (or `true`), in which case colors are used
- only when the output is to a terminal. Defaults to false.
+ only when the output is to a terminal. If unset, then the
+ value of `color.ui` is used (`auto` by default).
color.status.<slot>::
Use customized color for status colorization. `<slot>` is
@@ -1124,11 +1159,16 @@ commit.template::
Specify the pathname of a file to use as the template for
new commit messages.
+commit.verbose::
+ A boolean or int to specify the level of verbose with `git commit`.
+ See linkgit:git-commit[1].
+
credential.helper::
Specify an external helper to be called when a username or
password credential is needed; the helper may consult external
- storage to avoid prompting the user for the credentials. See
- linkgit:gitcredentials[7] for details.
+ storage to avoid prompting the user for the credentials. Note
+ that multiple helpers may be defined. See linkgit:gitcredentials[7]
+ for details.
credential.useHttpPath::
When acquiring credentials, consider the "path" component of an http
@@ -1167,6 +1207,15 @@ difftool.<tool>.cmd::
difftool.prompt::
Prompt before each invocation of the diff tool.
+fastimport.unpackLimit::
+ If the number of objects imported by linkgit:git-fast-import[1]
+ is below this limit, then the objects will be unpacked into
+ loose object files. However if the number of imported objects
+ equals or exceeds this limit then the pack will be stored as a
+ pack. Storing the pack from a fast-import can make the import
+ operation complete faster, especially on slow filesystems. If
+ not set, the value of `transfer.unpackLimit` is used instead.
+
fetch.recurseSubmodules::
This option can be either set to a boolean value or to 'on-demand'.
Setting it to a boolean changes the behavior of fetch and pull to
@@ -1198,6 +1247,11 @@ fetch.prune::
If true, fetch will automatically behave as if the `--prune`
option was given on the command line. See also `remote.<name>.prune`.
+fetch.output::
+ Control how ref update status is printed. Valid values are
+ `full` and `compact`. Default value is `full`. See section
+ OUTPUT in linkgit:git-fetch[1] for detail.
+
format.attach::
Enable multipart/mixed attachments as the default for
'format-patch'. The value can also be a double quoted string
@@ -1205,6 +1259,16 @@ format.attach::
value as the boundary. See the --attach option in
linkgit:git-format-patch[1].
+format.from::
+ Provides the default value for the `--from` option to format-patch.
+ Accepts a boolean value, or a name and email address. If false,
+ format-patch defaults to `--no-from`, using commit authors directly in
+ the "From:" field of patch mails. If true, format-patch defaults to
+ `--from`, using your committer identity in the "From:" field of patch
+ mails and including a "From:" field in the body of the patch mail if
+ different. If set to a non-boolean value, format-patch uses that
+ value instead of your committer identity. Defaults to false.
+
format.numbered::
A boolean which can enable or disable sequence numbers in patch
subjects. It defaults to "auto" which enables it only if there
@@ -1272,6 +1336,10 @@ format.outputDirectory::
Set a custom directory to store the resulting files instead of the
current working directory.
+format.useAutoBase::
+ A boolean value which lets you enable the `--base=auto` option of
+ format-patch by default.
+
filter.<driver>.clean::
The command which is used to convert the content of a worktree
file to a blob upon checkin. See linkgit:gitattributes[5] for
@@ -1304,7 +1372,7 @@ fsck.skipList::
gc.aggressiveDepth::
The depth parameter used in the delta compression
algorithm used by 'git gc --aggressive'. This defaults
- to 250.
+ to 50.
gc.aggressiveWindow::
The window size parameter used in the delta compression
@@ -1394,24 +1462,24 @@ gitcvs.logFile::
gitcvs.usecrlfattr::
If true, the server will look up the end-of-line conversion
- attributes for files to determine the '-k' modes to use. If
+ attributes for files to determine the `-k` modes to use. If
the attributes force Git to treat a file as text,
- the '-k' mode will be left blank so CVS clients will
+ the `-k` mode will be left blank so CVS clients will
treat it as text. If they suppress text conversion, the file
will be set with '-kb' mode, which suppresses any newline munging
the client might otherwise do. If the attributes do not allow
- the file type to be determined, then 'gitcvs.allBinary' is
+ the file type to be determined, then `gitcvs.allBinary` is
used. See linkgit:gitattributes[5].
gitcvs.allBinary::
- This is used if 'gitcvs.usecrlfattr' does not resolve
+ This is used if `gitcvs.usecrlfattr` does not resolve
the correct '-kb' mode to use. If true, all
unresolved files are sent to the client in
mode '-kb'. This causes the client to treat them
as binary files, which suppresses any newline munging it
otherwise might do. Alternatively, if it is set to "guess",
then the contents of the file are examined to decide if
- it is binary, similar to 'core.autocrlf'.
+ it is binary, similar to `core.autocrlf`.
gitcvs.dbName::
Database used by git-cvsserver to cache revision information
@@ -1430,7 +1498,7 @@ gitcvs.dbDriver::
See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
gitcvs.dbUser, gitcvs.dbPass::
- Database user and password. Only useful if setting 'gitcvs.dbDriver',
+ Database user and password. Only useful if setting `gitcvs.dbDriver`,
since SQLite has no concept of database users and/or passwords.
'gitcvs.dbUser' supports variable substitution (see
linkgit:git-cvsserver[1] for details).
@@ -1442,8 +1510,8 @@ gitcvs.dbTableNamePrefix::
linkgit:git-cvsserver[1] for details). Any non-alphabetic
characters will be replaced with underscores.
-All gitcvs variables except for 'gitcvs.usecrlfattr' and
-'gitcvs.allBinary' can also be specified as
+All gitcvs variables except for `gitcvs.usecrlfattr` and
+`gitcvs.allBinary` can also be specified as
'gitcvs.<access_method>.<varname>' (where 'access_method'
is one of "ext" and "pserver") to make them apply only for the given
access method.
@@ -1466,17 +1534,17 @@ gitweb.snapshot::
See linkgit:gitweb.conf[5] for description.
grep.lineNumber::
- If set to true, enable '-n' option by default.
+ If set to true, enable `-n` option by default.
grep.patternType::
Set the default matching behavior. Using a value of 'basic', 'extended',
- 'fixed', or 'perl' will enable the '--basic-regexp', '--extended-regexp',
- '--fixed-strings', or '--perl-regexp' option accordingly, while the
+ 'fixed', or 'perl' will enable the `--basic-regexp`, `--extended-regexp`,
+ `--fixed-strings`, or `--perl-regexp` option accordingly, while the
value 'default' will return to the default matching behavior.
grep.extendedRegexp::
- If set to true, enable '--extended-regexp' option by default. This
- option is ignored when the 'grep.patternType' option is set to a value
+ If set to true, enable `--extended-regexp` option by default. This
+ option is ignored when the `grep.patternType` option is set to a value
other than 'default'.
grep.threads::
@@ -1561,7 +1629,7 @@ guitool.<name>.cmd::
of the linkgit:git-gui[1] `Tools` menu is invoked. This option is
mandatory for every tool. The command is executed from the root of
the working directory, and in the environment it receives the name of
- the tool as 'GIT_GUITOOL', the name of the currently selected file as
+ the tool as `GIT_GUITOOL`, the name of the currently selected file as
'FILENAME', and the name of the current branch as 'CUR_BRANCH' (if
the head is detached, 'CUR_BRANCH' is empty).
@@ -1582,7 +1650,7 @@ guitool.<name>.confirm::
guitool.<name>.argPrompt::
Request a string argument from the user, and pass it to the tool
- through the 'ARGS' environment variable. Since requesting an
+ through the `ARGS` environment variable. Since requesting an
argument implies confirmation, the 'confirm' option has no effect
if this is enabled. If the option is set to 'true', 'yes', or '1',
the dialog uses a built-in generic prompt; otherwise the exact
@@ -1590,7 +1658,7 @@ guitool.<name>.argPrompt::
guitool.<name>.revPrompt::
Request a single valid revision from the user, and set the
- 'REVISION' environment variable. In other aspects this option
+ `REVISION` environment variable. In other aspects this option
is similar to 'argPrompt', and can be used together with it.
guitool.<name>.revUnmerged::
@@ -1646,7 +1714,7 @@ http.proxyAuthMethod::
only takes effect if the configured proxy string contains a user name part
(i.e. is of the form 'user@host' or 'user@host:port'). This can be
overridden on a per-remote basis; see `remote.<name>.proxyAuthMethod`.
- Both can be overridden by the 'GIT_HTTP_PROXY_AUTHMETHOD' environment
+ Both can be overridden by the `GIT_HTTP_PROXY_AUTHMETHOD` environment
variable. Possible values are:
+
--
@@ -1668,6 +1736,26 @@ http.emptyAuth::
a username in the URL, as libcurl normally requires a username for
authentication.
+http.delegation::
+ Control GSSAPI credential delegation. The delegation is disabled
+ by default in libcurl since version 7.21.7. Set parameter to tell
+ the server what it is allowed to delegate when it comes to user
+ credentials. Used with GSS/kerberos. Possible values are:
++
+--
+* `none` - Don't allow any delegation.
+* `policy` - Delegates if and only if the OK-AS-DELEGATE flag is set in the
+ Kerberos service ticket, which is a matter of realm policy.
+* `always` - Unconditionally allow the server to delegate.
+--
+
+
+http.extraHeader::
+ Pass an additional HTTP header when communicating with a server. If
+ more than one such entry exists, all of them are added as extra
+ headers. To allow overriding the settings inherited from the system
+ config, an empty value will reset the extra headers to the empty list.
+
http.cookieFile::
The pathname of a file containing previously stored cookie lines,
which should be used
@@ -1699,9 +1787,9 @@ http.sslVersion::
- tlsv1.2
+
-Can be overridden by the 'GIT_SSL_VERSION' environment variable.
+Can be overridden by the `GIT_SSL_VERSION` environment variable.
To force git to use libcurl's default ssl version and ignore any
-explicit http.sslversion option, set 'GIT_SSL_VERSION' to the
+explicit http.sslversion option, set `GIT_SSL_VERSION` to the
empty string.
http.sslCipherList::
@@ -1712,41 +1800,41 @@ http.sslCipherList::
option; see the libcurl documentation for more details on the format
of this list.
+
-Can be overridden by the 'GIT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST' environment variable.
+Can be overridden by the `GIT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST` environment variable.
To force git to use libcurl's default cipher list and ignore any
-explicit http.sslCipherList option, set 'GIT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST' to the
+explicit http.sslCipherList option, set `GIT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST` to the
empty string.
http.sslVerify::
Whether to verify the SSL certificate when fetching or pushing
- over HTTPS. Can be overridden by the 'GIT_SSL_NO_VERIFY' environment
+ over HTTPS. Can be overridden by the `GIT_SSL_NO_VERIFY` environment
variable.
http.sslCert::
File containing the SSL certificate when fetching or pushing
- over HTTPS. Can be overridden by the 'GIT_SSL_CERT' environment
+ over HTTPS. Can be overridden by the `GIT_SSL_CERT` environment
variable.
http.sslKey::
File containing the SSL private key when fetching or pushing
- over HTTPS. Can be overridden by the 'GIT_SSL_KEY' environment
+ over HTTPS. Can be overridden by the `GIT_SSL_KEY` environment
variable.
http.sslCertPasswordProtected::
Enable Git's password prompt for the SSL certificate. Otherwise
OpenSSL will prompt the user, possibly many times, if the
certificate or private key is encrypted. Can be overridden by the
- 'GIT_SSL_CERT_PASSWORD_PROTECTED' environment variable.
+ `GIT_SSL_CERT_PASSWORD_PROTECTED` environment variable.
http.sslCAInfo::
File containing the certificates to verify the peer with when
fetching or pushing over HTTPS. Can be overridden by the
- 'GIT_SSL_CAINFO' environment variable.
+ `GIT_SSL_CAINFO` environment variable.
http.sslCAPath::
Path containing files with the CA certificates to verify the peer
with when fetching or pushing over HTTPS. Can be overridden
- by the 'GIT_SSL_CAPATH' environment variable.
+ by the `GIT_SSL_CAPATH` environment variable.
http.pinnedpubkey::
Public key of the https service. It may either be the filename of
@@ -1766,7 +1854,7 @@ http.sslTry::
http.maxRequests::
How many HTTP requests to launch in parallel. Can be overridden
- by the 'GIT_HTTP_MAX_REQUESTS' environment variable. Default is 5.
+ by the `GIT_HTTP_MAX_REQUESTS` environment variable. Default is 5.
http.minSessions::
The number of curl sessions (counted across slots) to be kept across
@@ -1785,13 +1873,13 @@ http.postBuffer::
http.lowSpeedLimit, http.lowSpeedTime::
If the HTTP transfer speed is less than 'http.lowSpeedLimit'
for longer than 'http.lowSpeedTime' seconds, the transfer is aborted.
- Can be overridden by the 'GIT_HTTP_LOW_SPEED_LIMIT' and
- 'GIT_HTTP_LOW_SPEED_TIME' environment variables.
+ Can be overridden by the `GIT_HTTP_LOW_SPEED_LIMIT` and
+ `GIT_HTTP_LOW_SPEED_TIME` environment variables.
http.noEPSV::
A boolean which disables using of EPSV ftp command by curl.
This can helpful with some "poor" ftp servers which don't
- support EPSV mode. Can be overridden by the 'GIT_CURL_FTP_NO_EPSV'
+ support EPSV mode. Can be overridden by the `GIT_CURL_FTP_NO_EPSV`
environment variable. Default is false (curl will use EPSV).
http.userAgent::
@@ -1801,7 +1889,17 @@ http.userAgent::
such as Mozilla/4.0. This may be necessary, for instance, if
connecting through a firewall that restricts HTTP connections to a set
of common USER_AGENT strings (but not including those like git/1.7.1).
- Can be overridden by the 'GIT_HTTP_USER_AGENT' environment variable.
+ Can be overridden by the `GIT_HTTP_USER_AGENT` environment variable.
+
+http.followRedirects::
+ Whether git should follow HTTP redirects. If set to `true`, git
+ will transparently follow any redirect issued by a server it
+ encounters. If set to `false`, git will treat all redirects as
+ errors. If set to `initial`, git will follow redirects only for
+ the initial request to a remote, but not for subsequent
+ follow-up HTTP requests. Since git uses the redirected URL as
+ the base for the follow-up requests, this is generally
+ sufficient. The default is `initial`.
http.<url>.*::
Any of the http.* options above can be applied selectively to some URLs.
@@ -1901,6 +1999,14 @@ interactive.singleKey::
setting is silently ignored if portable keystroke input
is not available; requires the Perl module Term::ReadKey.
+interactive.diffFilter::
+ When an interactive command (such as `git add --patch`) shows
+ a colorized diff, git will pipe the diff through the shell
+ command defined by this configuration variable. The command may
+ mark up the diff further for human consumption, provided that it
+ retains a one-to-one correspondence with the lines in the
+ original diff. Defaults to disabled (no filtering).
+
log.abbrevCommit::
If true, makes linkgit:git-log[1], linkgit:git-show[1], and
linkgit:git-whatchanged[1] assume `--abbrev-commit`. You may
@@ -1916,7 +2022,10 @@ log.decorate::
command. If 'short' is specified, the ref name prefixes 'refs/heads/',
'refs/tags/' and 'refs/remotes/' will not be printed. If 'full' is
specified, the full ref name (including prefix) will be printed.
- This is the same as the log commands '--decorate' option.
+ If 'auto' is specified, then if the output is going to a terminal,
+ the ref names are shown as if 'short' were given, otherwise no ref
+ names are shown. This is the same as the `--decorate` option
+ of the `git log`.
log.follow::
If `true`, `git log` will act as if the `--follow` option was used when
@@ -2209,6 +2318,52 @@ pretty.<name>::
Note that an alias with the same name as a built-in format
will be silently ignored.
+protocol.allow::
+ If set, provide a user defined default policy for all protocols which
+ don't explicitly have a policy (`protocol.<name>.allow`). By default,
+ if unset, known-safe protocols (http, https, git, ssh, file) have a
+ default policy of `always`, known-dangerous protocols (ext) have a
+ default policy of `never`, and all other protocols have a default
+ policy of `user`. Supported policies:
++
+--
+
+* `always` - protocol is always able to be used.
+
+* `never` - protocol is never able to be used.
+
+* `user` - protocol is only able to be used when `GIT_PROTOCOL_FROM_USER` is
+ either unset or has a value of 1. This policy should be used when you want a
+ protocol to be directly usable by the user but don't want it used by commands which
+ execute clone/fetch/push commands without user input, e.g. recursive
+ submodule initialization.
+
+--
+
+protocol.<name>.allow::
+ Set a policy to be used by protocol `<name>` with clone/fetch/push
+ commands. See `protocol.allow` above for the available policies.
++
+The protocol names currently used by git are:
++
+--
+ - `file`: any local file-based path (including `file://` URLs,
+ or local paths)
+
+ - `git`: the anonymous git protocol over a direct TCP
+ connection (or proxy, if configured)
+
+ - `ssh`: git over ssh (including `host:path` syntax,
+ `ssh://`, etc).
+
+ - `http`: git over http, both "smart http" and "dumb http".
+ Note that this does _not_ include `https`; if you want to configure
+ both, you must do so individually.
+
+ - any external helpers are named by their protocol (e.g., use
+ `hg` to allow the `git-remote-hg` helper)
+--
+
pull.ff::
By default, Git does not create an extra merge commit when merging
a commit that is a descendant of the current commit. Instead, the
@@ -2298,16 +2453,16 @@ new default).
--
push.followTags::
- If set to true enable '--follow-tags' option by default. You
+ If set to true enable `--follow-tags` option by default. You
may override this configuration at time of push by specifying
- '--no-follow-tags'.
+ `--no-follow-tags`.
push.gpgSign::
May be set to a boolean value, or the string 'if-asked'. A true
- value causes all pushes to be GPG signed, as if '--signed' is
+ value causes all pushes to be GPG signed, as if `--signed` is
passed to linkgit:git-push[1]. The string 'if-asked' causes
pushes to be signed if the server supports it, as if
- '--signed=if-asked' is passed to 'git push'. A false value may
+ `--signed=if-asked` is passed to 'git push'. A false value may
override a value from a lower-priority config file. An explicit
command-line flag always overrides this config option.
@@ -2330,7 +2485,7 @@ rebase.stat::
rebase. False by default.
rebase.autoSquash::
- If set to true enable '--autosquash' option by default.
+ If set to true enable `--autosquash` option by default.
rebase.autoStash::
When set to true, automatically create a temporary stash
@@ -2351,15 +2506,20 @@ rebase.missingCommitsCheck::
command in the todo-list.
Defaults to "ignore".
-rebase.instructionFormat
+rebase.instructionFormat::
A format string, as specified in linkgit:git-log[1], to be used for
the instruction list during an interactive rebase. The format will automatically
have the long commit hash prepended to the format.
receive.advertiseAtomic::
By default, git-receive-pack will advertise the atomic push
- capability to its clients. If you don't want to this capability
- to be advertised, set this variable to false.
+ capability to its clients. If you don't want to advertise this
+ capability, set this variable to false.
+
+receive.advertisePushOptions::
+ By default, git-receive-pack will advertise the push options
+ capability to its clients. If you don't want to advertise this
+ capability, set this variable to false.
receive.autogc::
By default, git-receive-pack will run "git-gc --auto" after
@@ -2414,6 +2574,15 @@ receive.fsck.skipList::
can be safely ignored such as invalid committer email addresses.
Note: corrupt objects cannot be skipped with this setting.
+receive.keepAlive::
+ After receiving the pack from the client, `receive-pack` may
+ produce no output (if `--quiet` was specified) while processing
+ the pack, causing some networks to drop the TCP connection.
+ With this option set, if `receive-pack` does not transmit
+ any data in this phase for `receive.keepAlive` seconds, it will
+ send a short keepalive packet. The default is 5 seconds; set
+ to 0 to disable keepalives entirely.
+
receive.unpackLimit::
If the number of objects received in a push is below this
limit then the objects will be unpacked into loose object
@@ -2424,6 +2593,12 @@ receive.unpackLimit::
especially on slow filesystems. If not set, the value of
`transfer.unpackLimit` is used instead.
+receive.maxInputSize::
+ If the size of the incoming pack stream is larger than this
+ limit, then git-receive-pack will error out, instead of
+ accepting the pack file. If not set or set to 0, then the size
+ is unlimited.
+
receive.denyDeletes::
If set to true, git-receive-pack will deny a ref update that deletes
the ref. Use this to prevent such a ref deletion via a push.
@@ -2587,7 +2762,7 @@ sendemail.identity::
A configuration identity. When given, causes values in the
'sendemail.<identity>' subsection to take precedence over
values in the 'sendemail' section. The default identity is
- the value of 'sendemail.identity'.
+ the value of `sendemail.identity`.
sendemail.smtpEncryption::
See linkgit:git-send-email[1] for description. Note that this
@@ -2604,7 +2779,7 @@ sendemail.<identity>.*::
Identity-specific versions of the 'sendemail.*' parameters
found below, taking precedence over those when the this
identity is selected, through command-line or
- 'sendemail.identity'.
+ `sendemail.identity`.
sendemail.aliasesFile::
sendemail.aliasFileType::
@@ -2634,7 +2809,7 @@ sendemail.xmailer::
See linkgit:git-send-email[1] for description.
sendemail.signedoffcc (deprecated)::
- Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.signedoffbycc'.
+ Deprecated alias for `sendemail.signedoffbycc`.
showbranch.default::
The default set of branches for linkgit:git-show-branch[1].
@@ -2706,12 +2881,13 @@ stash.showStat::
option will show diffstat of the stash. Defaults to true.
See description of 'show' command in linkgit:git-stash[1].
-submodule.<name>.path::
submodule.<name>.url::
- The path within this project and URL for a submodule. These
- variables are initially populated by 'git submodule init'. See
- linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for
- details.
+ The URL for a submodule. This variable is copied from the .gitmodules
+ file to the git config via 'git submodule init'. The user can change
+ the configured URL before obtaining the submodule via 'git submodule
+ update'. After obtaining the submodule, the presence of this variable
+ is used as a sign whether the submodule is of interest to git commands.
+ See linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for details.
submodule.<name>.update::
The default update procedure for a submodule. This variable
@@ -2748,6 +2924,29 @@ submodule.<name>.ignore::
"--ignore-submodules" option. The 'git submodule' commands are not
affected by this setting.
+submodule.fetchJobs::
+ Specifies how many submodules are fetched/cloned at the same time.
+ A positive integer allows up to that number of submodules fetched
+ in parallel. A value of 0 will give some reasonable default.
+ If unset, it defaults to 1.
+
+submodule.alternateLocation::
+ Specifies how the submodules obtain alternates when submodules are
+ cloned. Possible values are `no`, `superproject`.
+ By default `no` is assumed, which doesn't add references. When the
+ value is set to `superproject` the submodule to be cloned computes
+ its alternates location relative to the superprojects alternate.
+
+submodule.alternateErrorStrategy
+ Specifies how to treat errors with the alternates for a submodule
+ as computed via `submodule.alternateLocation`. Possible values are
+ `ignore`, `info`, `die`. Default is `die`.
+
+tag.forceSignAnnotated::
+ A boolean to specify whether annotated tags created should be GPG signed.
+ If `--annotate` is specified on the command line, it takes
+ precedence over this option.
+
tag.sort::
This variable controls the sort ordering of tags when displayed by
linkgit:git-tag[1]. Without the "--sort=<value>" option provided, the
@@ -2840,6 +3039,21 @@ uploadpack.keepAlive::
`uploadpack.keepAlive` seconds. Setting this option to 0
disables keepalive packets entirely. The default is 5 seconds.
+uploadpack.packObjectsHook::
+ If this option is set, when `upload-pack` would run
+ `git pack-objects` to create a packfile for a client, it will
+ run this shell command instead. The `pack-objects` command and
+ arguments it _would_ have run (including the `git pack-objects`
+ at the beginning) are appended to the shell command. The stdin
+ and stdout of the hook are treated as if `pack-objects` itself
+ was run. I.e., `upload-pack` will feed input intended for
+ `pack-objects` to the hook, and expects a completed packfile on
+ stdout.
++
+Note that this configuration variable is ignored if it is seen in the
+repository-level config (this is a safety measure against fetching from
+untrusted repositories).
+
url.<base>.insteadOf::
Any URL that starts with this value will be rewritten to
start, instead, with <base>. In cases where some site serves a
@@ -2866,17 +3080,17 @@ url.<base>.pushInsteadOf::
user.email::
Your email address to be recorded in any newly created commits.
- Can be overridden by the 'GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL', 'GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL', and
- 'EMAIL' environment variables. See linkgit:git-commit-tree[1].
+ Can be overridden by the `GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL`, `GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL`, and
+ `EMAIL` environment variables. See linkgit:git-commit-tree[1].
user.name::
Your full name to be recorded in any newly created commits.
- Can be overridden by the 'GIT_AUTHOR_NAME' and 'GIT_COMMITTER_NAME'
+ Can be overridden by the `GIT_AUTHOR_NAME` and `GIT_COMMITTER_NAME`
environment variables. See linkgit:git-commit-tree[1].
user.useConfigOnly::
- Instruct Git to avoid trying to guess defaults for 'user.email'
- and 'user.name', and instead retrieve the values only from the
+ Instruct Git to avoid trying to guess defaults for `user.email`
+ and `user.name`, and instead retrieve the values only from the
configuration. For example, if you have multiple email addresses
and would like to use a different one for each repository, then
with this configuration option set to `true` in the global config
diff --git a/Documentation/date-formats.txt b/Documentation/date-formats.txt
index ccd1fc8..6926e0a 100644
--- a/Documentation/date-formats.txt
+++ b/Documentation/date-formats.txt
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
DATE FORMATS
------------
-The GIT_AUTHOR_DATE, GIT_COMMITTER_DATE environment variables
+The `GIT_AUTHOR_DATE`, `GIT_COMMITTER_DATE` environment variables
ifdef::git-commit[]
and the `--date` option
endif::git-commit[]
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ Git internal format::
It is `<unix timestamp> <time zone offset>`, where `<unix
timestamp>` is the number of seconds since the UNIX epoch.
`<time zone offset>` is a positive or negative offset from UTC.
- For example CET (which is 2 hours ahead UTC) is `+0200`.
+ For example CET (which is 1 hour ahead of UTC) is `+0100`.
RFC 2822::
The standard email format as described by RFC 2822, for example
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-config.txt b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
index 6eaa452..58f4bd6 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ diff.ignoreSubmodules::
commands such as 'git diff-files'. 'git checkout' also honors
this setting when reporting uncommitted changes. Setting it to
'all' disables the submodule summary normally shown by 'git commit'
- and 'git status' when 'status.submoduleSummary' is set unless it is
+ and 'git status' when `status.submoduleSummary` is set unless it is
overridden by using the --ignore-submodules command-line option.
The 'git submodule' commands are not affected by this setting.
@@ -105,12 +105,16 @@ diff.orderFile::
diff.renameLimit::
The number of files to consider when performing the copy/rename
- detection; equivalent to the 'git diff' option '-l'.
+ detection; equivalent to the 'git diff' option `-l`.
diff.renames::
- Tells Git to detect renames. If set to any boolean value, it
- will enable basic rename detection. If set to "copies" or
- "copy", it will detect copies, as well.
+ Whether and how Git detects renames. If set to "false",
+ rename detection is disabled. If set to "true", basic rename
+ detection is enabled. If set to "copies" or "copy", Git will
+ detect copies, as well. Defaults to true. Note that this
+ affects only 'git diff' Porcelain like linkgit:git-diff[1] and
+ linkgit:git-log[1], and not lower level commands such as
+ linkgit:git-diff-files[1].
diff.suppressBlankEmpty::
A boolean to inhibit the standard behavior of printing a space
@@ -118,10 +122,11 @@ diff.suppressBlankEmpty::
diff.submodule::
Specify the format in which differences in submodules are
- shown. The "log" format lists the commits in the range like
- linkgit:git-submodule[1] `summary` does. The "short" format
- format just shows the names of the commits at the beginning
- and end of the range. Defaults to short.
+ shown. The "short" format just shows the names of the commits
+ at the beginning and end of the range. The "log" format lists
+ the commits in the range like linkgit:git-submodule[1] `summary`
+ does. The "diff" format shows an inline diff of the changed
+ contents of the submodule. Defaults to "short".
diff.wordRegex::
A POSIX Extended Regular Expression used to determine what is a "word"
@@ -166,6 +171,12 @@ diff.tool::
include::mergetools-diff.txt[]
+diff.indentHeuristic::
+diff.compactionHeuristic::
+ Set one of these options to `true` to enable one of two
+ experimental heuristics that shift diff hunk boundaries to
+ make patches easier to read.
+
diff.algorithm::
Choose a diff algorithm. The variants are as follows:
+
@@ -182,3 +193,9 @@ diff.algorithm::
low-occurrence common elements".
--
+
+
+diff.wsErrorHighlight::
+ A comma separated list of `old`, `new`, `context`, that
+ specifies how whitespace errors on lines are highlighted
+ with `color.diff.whitespace`. Can be overridden by the
+ command line option `--ws-error-highlight=<kind>`
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-format.txt b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
index 85b0890..cf52626 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
@@ -46,11 +46,11 @@ That is, from the left to the right:
. sha1 for "dst"; 0\{40\} if creation, unmerged or "look at work tree".
. a space.
. status, followed by optional "score" number.
-. a tab or a NUL when '-z' option is used.
+. a tab or a NUL when `-z` option is used.
. path for "src"
-. a tab or a NUL when '-z' option is used; only exists for C or R.
+. a tab or a NUL when `-z` option is used; only exists for C or R.
. path for "dst"; only exists for C or R.
-. an LF or a NUL when '-z' option is used, to terminate the record.
+. an LF or a NUL when `-z` option is used, to terminate the record.
Possible status letters are:
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ diff format for merges
----------------------
"git-diff-tree", "git-diff-files" and "git-diff --raw"
-can take '-c' or '--cc' option
+can take `-c` or `--cc` option
to generate diff output also for merge commits. The output differs
from the format described above in the following way:
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
index bcf54da..d2a7ff5 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
@@ -2,11 +2,11 @@ Generating patches with -p
--------------------------
When "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", or "git-diff-files" are run
-with a '-p' option, "git diff" without the '--raw' option, or
+with a `-p` option, "git diff" without the `--raw` option, or
"git log" with the "-p" option, they
do not produce the output described above; instead they produce a
patch file. You can customize the creation of such patches via the
-GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF and the GIT_DIFF_OPTS environment variables.
+`GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF` and the `GIT_DIFF_OPTS` environment variables.
What the -p option produces is slightly different from the traditional
diff format:
@@ -114,11 +114,11 @@ index fabadb8,cc95eb0..4866510
------------
1. It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like
- this (when '-c' option is used):
+ this (when `-c` option is used):
diff --combined file
+
-or like this (when '--cc' option is used):
+or like this (when `--cc` option is used):
diff --cc file
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-heuristic-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-heuristic-options.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..36cb549
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/diff-heuristic-options.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+--indent-heuristic::
+--no-indent-heuristic::
+--compaction-heuristic::
+--no-compaction-heuristic::
+ These are to help debugging and tuning experimental heuristics
+ (which are off by default) that shift diff hunk boundaries to
+ make patches easier to read.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
index 3cb3015..e6215c3 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
@@ -63,6 +63,8 @@ ifndef::git-format-patch[]
Synonym for `-p --raw`.
endif::git-format-patch[]
+include::diff-heuristic-options.txt[]
+
--minimal::
Spend extra time to make sure the smallest possible
diff is produced.
@@ -203,13 +205,16 @@ any of those replacements occurred.
of the `--diff-filter` option on what the status letters mean.
--submodule[=<format>]::
- Specify how differences in submodules are shown. When `--submodule`
- or `--submodule=log` is given, the 'log' format is used. This format lists
- the commits in the range like linkgit:git-submodule[1] `summary` does.
- Omitting the `--submodule` option or specifying `--submodule=short`,
- uses the 'short' format. This format just shows the names of the commits
- at the beginning and end of the range. Can be tweaked via the
- `diff.submodule` configuration variable.
+ Specify how differences in submodules are shown. When specifying
+ `--submodule=short` the 'short' format is used. This format just
+ shows the names of the commits at the beginning and end of the range.
+ When `--submodule` or `--submodule=log` is specified, the 'log'
+ format is used. This format lists the commits in the range like
+ linkgit:git-submodule[1] `summary` does. When `--submodule=diff`
+ is specified, the 'diff' format is used. This format shows an
+ inline diff of the changes in the submodule contents between the
+ commit range. Defaults to `diff.submodule` or the 'short' format
+ if the config option is unset.
--color[=<when>]::
Show colored diff.
@@ -303,6 +308,8 @@ ifndef::git-format-patch[]
lines are highlighted. E.g. `--ws-error-highlight=new,old`
highlights whitespace errors on both deleted and added lines.
`all` can be used as a short-hand for `old,new,context`.
+ The `diff.wsErrorHighlight` configuration variable can be
+ used to specify the default behaviour.
endif::git-format-patch[]
@@ -412,6 +419,9 @@ ifndef::git-format-patch[]
paths are selected if there is any file that matches
other criteria in the comparison; if there is no file
that matches other criteria, nothing is selected.
++
+Also, these upper-case letters can be downcased to exclude. E.g.
+`--diff-filter=ad` excludes added and deleted paths.
-S<string>::
Look for differences that change the number of occurrences of
@@ -559,5 +569,16 @@ endif::git-format-patch[]
--no-prefix::
Do not show any source or destination prefix.
+--line-prefix=<prefix>::
+ Prepend an additional prefix to every line of output.
+
+--ita-invisible-in-index::
+ By default entries added by "git add -N" appear as an existing
+ empty file in "git diff" and a new file in "git diff --cached".
+ This option makes the entry appear as a new file in "git diff"
+ and non-existent in "git diff --cached". This option could be
+ reverted with `--ita-visible-in-index`. Both options are
+ experimental and could be removed in future.
+
For more detailed explanation on these common options, see also
linkgit:gitdiffcore[7].
diff --git a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
index 036edfb..fb6bebb 100644
--- a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
@@ -14,6 +14,20 @@
linkgit:git-clone[1]), deepen or shorten the history to the specified
number of commits. Tags for the deepened commits are not fetched.
+--deepen=<depth>::
+ Similar to --depth, except it specifies the number of commits
+ from the current shallow boundary instead of from the tip of
+ each remote branch history.
+
+--shallow-since=<date>::
+ Deepen or shorten the history of a shallow repository to
+ include all reachable commits after <date>.
+
+--shallow-exclude=<revision>::
+ Deepen or shorten the history of a shallow repository to
+ exclude commits reachable from a specified remote branch or tag.
+ This option can be specified multiple times.
+
--unshallow::
If the source repository is complete, convert a shallow
repository to a complete one, removing all the limitations
@@ -52,7 +66,7 @@ ifndef::git-pull[]
-p::
--prune::
- After fetching, remove any remote-tracking references that no
+ Before fetching, remove any remote-tracking references that no
longer exist on the remote. Tags are not subject to pruning
if they are fetched only because of the default tag
auto-following or due to a --tags option. However, if tags
@@ -88,7 +102,7 @@ ifndef::git-pull[]
to whatever else would otherwise be fetched. Using this
option alone does not subject tags to pruning, even if --prune
is used (though tags may be pruned anyway if they are also the
- destination of an explicit refspec; see '--prune').
+ destination of an explicit refspec; see `--prune`).
--recurse-submodules[=yes|on-demand|no]::
This option controls if and under what conditions new commits of
@@ -110,7 +124,7 @@ ifndef::git-pull[]
--no-recurse-submodules::
Disable recursive fetching of submodules (this has the same effect as
- using the '--recurse-submodules=no' option).
+ using the `--recurse-submodules=no` option).
--submodule-prefix=<path>::
Prepend <path> to paths printed in informative messages
@@ -137,7 +151,7 @@ endif::git-pull[]
--upload-pack <upload-pack>::
When given, and the repository to fetch from is handled
- by 'git fetch-pack', '--exec=<upload-pack>' is passed to
+ by 'git fetch-pack', `--exec=<upload-pack>` is passed to
the command to specify non-default path for the command
run on the other end.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-add.txt b/Documentation/git-add.txt
index 6a96a66..7ed63dc 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-add.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-add.txt
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git add' [--verbose | -v] [--dry-run | -n] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
[--edit | -e] [--[no-]all | --[no-]ignore-removal | [--update | -u]]
[--intent-to-add | -N] [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--ignore-missing]
- [--] [<pathspec>...]
+ [--chmod=(+|-)x] [--] [<pathspec>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -165,6 +165,11 @@ for "git add --no-all <pathspec>...", i.e. ignored removed files.
be ignored, no matter if they are already present in the work
tree or not.
+--chmod=(+|-)x::
+ Override the executable bit of the added files. The executable
+ bit is only changed in the index, the files on disk are left
+ unchanged.
+
\--::
This option can be used to separate command-line options from
the list of files, (useful when filenames might be mistaken
diff --git a/Documentation/git-am.txt b/Documentation/git-am.txt
index 13cdd7f..12879e4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-am.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-am.txt
@@ -116,7 +116,8 @@ default. You can use `--no-utf8` to override this.
By default the command will try to detect the patch format
automatically. This option allows the user to bypass the automatic
detection and specify the patch format that the patch(es) should be
- interpreted as. Valid formats are mbox, stgit, stgit-series and hg.
+ interpreted as. Valid formats are mbox, mboxrd,
+ stgit, stgit-series and hg.
-i::
--interactive::
@@ -198,12 +199,12 @@ When initially invoking `git am`, you give it the names of the mailboxes
to process. Upon seeing the first patch that does not apply, it
aborts in the middle. You can recover from this in one of two ways:
-. skip the current patch by re-running the command with the '--skip'
+. skip the current patch by re-running the command with the `--skip`
option.
. hand resolve the conflict in the working directory, and update
the index file to bring it into a state that the patch should
- have produced. Then run the command with the '--continue' option.
+ have produced. Then run the command with the `--continue` option.
The command refuses to process new mailboxes until the current
operation is finished, so if you decide to start over from scratch,
diff --git a/Documentation/git-annotate.txt b/Documentation/git-annotate.txt
index 05fd482..94be4b8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-annotate.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-annotate.txt
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ familiar command name for people coming from other SCM systems.
OPTIONS
-------
include::blame-options.txt[]
+include::diff-heuristic-options.txt[]
SEE ALSO
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
index c06efbd..e015f5b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
@@ -366,7 +366,7 @@ skip" to do the same thing. (In fact the special exit code 125 makes
Or if you want more control, you can inspect the current state using
for example "git bisect visualize". It will launch gitk (or "git log"
-if the DISPLAY environment variable is not set) to help you find a
+if the `DISPLAY` environment variable is not set) to help you find a
better bisection point.
Either way, if you have a string of untestable commits, it might
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
index 7e79aae..2bb9a57 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
@@ -205,7 +205,7 @@ $ git bisect visualize
`view` may also be used as a synonym for `visualize`.
-If the 'DISPLAY' environment variable is not set, 'git log' is used
+If the `DISPLAY` environment variable is not set, 'git log' is used
instead. You can also give command-line options such as `-p` and
`--stat`.
@@ -358,7 +358,7 @@ OPTIONS
--no-checkout::
+
Do not checkout the new working tree at each iteration of the bisection
-process. Instead just update a special reference named 'BISECT_HEAD' to make
+process. Instead just update a special reference named `BISECT_HEAD` to make
it point to the commit that should be tested.
+
This option may be useful when the test you would perform in each step
diff --git a/Documentation/git-blame.txt b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
index ba54175..fdc3aea 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-blame.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[verse]
'git blame' [-c] [-b] [-l] [--root] [-t] [-f] [-n] [-s] [-e] [-p] [-w] [--incremental]
[-L <range>] [-S <revs-file>] [-M] [-C] [-C] [-C] [--since=<date>]
- [--progress] [--abbrev=<n>] [<rev> | --contents <file> | --reverse <rev>]
+ [--progress] [--abbrev=<n>] [<rev> | --contents <file> | --reverse <rev>..<rev>]
[--] <file>
DESCRIPTION
@@ -89,6 +89,8 @@ include::blame-options.txt[]
abbreviated object name, use <n>+1 digits. Note that 1 column
is used for a caret to mark the boundary commit.
+include::diff-heuristic-options.txt[]
+
THE PORCELAIN FORMAT
--------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
index 4a7037f..5516a47 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
@@ -39,10 +39,10 @@ named commit). With `--merged`, only branches merged into the named
commit (i.e. the branches whose tip commits are reachable from the named
commit) will be listed. With `--no-merged` only branches not merged into
the named commit will be listed. If the <commit> argument is missing it
-defaults to 'HEAD' (i.e. the tip of the current branch).
+defaults to `HEAD` (i.e. the tip of the current branch).
The command's second form creates a new branch head named <branchname>
-which points to the current 'HEAD', or <start-point> if given.
+which points to the current `HEAD`, or <start-point> if given.
Note that this will create the new branch, but it will not switch the
working tree to it; use "git checkout <newbranch>" to switch to the
@@ -118,6 +118,10 @@ OPTIONS
default to color output.
Same as `--color=never`.
+-i::
+--ignore-case::
+ Sorting and filtering branches are case insensitive.
+
--column[=<options>]::
--no-column::
Display branch listing in columns. See configuration variable
@@ -172,7 +176,7 @@ This option is only applicable in non-verbose mode.
+
This behavior is the default when the start point is a remote-tracking branch.
Set the branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable to `false` if you
-want `git checkout` and `git branch` to always behave as if '--no-track'
+want `git checkout` and `git branch` to always behave as if `--no-track`
were given. Set it to `always` if you want this behavior when the
start-point is either a local or remote-tracking branch.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
index eb3d694..204541c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
@@ -9,18 +9,22 @@ git-cat-file - Provide content or type and size information for repository objec
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git cat-file' (-t [--allow-unknown-type]| -s [--allow-unknown-type]| -e | -p | <type> | --textconv ) <object>
-'git cat-file' (--batch | --batch-check) [--follow-symlinks]
+'git cat-file' (-t [--allow-unknown-type]| -s [--allow-unknown-type]| -e | -p | <type> | --textconv | --filters ) [--path=<path>] <object>
+'git cat-file' (--batch | --batch-check) [ --textconv | --filters ] [--follow-symlinks]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
In its first form, the command provides the content or the type of an object in
-the repository. The type is required unless '-t' or '-p' is used to find the
-object type, or '-s' is used to find the object size, or '--textconv' is used
-(which implies type "blob").
+the repository. The type is required unless `-t` or `-p` is used to find the
+object type, or `-s` is used to find the object size, or `--textconv` or
+`--filters` is used (which imply type "blob").
In the second form, a list of objects (separated by linefeeds) is provided on
-stdin, and the SHA-1, type, and size of each object is printed on stdout.
+stdin, and the SHA-1, type, and size of each object is printed on stdout. The
+output format can be overridden using the optional `<format>` argument. If
+either `--textconv` or `--filters` was specified, the input is expected to
+list the object names followed by the path name, separated by a single white
+space, so that the appropriate drivers can be determined.
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -54,19 +58,35 @@ OPTIONS
--textconv::
Show the content as transformed by a textconv filter. In this case,
- <object> has be of the form <tree-ish>:<path>, or :<path> in order
- to apply the filter to the content recorded in the index at <path>.
+ <object> has to be of the form <tree-ish>:<path>, or :<path> in
+ order to apply the filter to the content recorded in the index at
+ <path>.
+
+--filters::
+ Show the content as converted by the filters configured in
+ the current working tree for the given <path> (i.e. smudge filters,
+ end-of-line conversion, etc). In this case, <object> has to be of
+ the form <tree-ish>:<path>, or :<path>.
+
+--path=<path>::
+ For use with --textconv or --filters, to allow specifying an object
+ name and a path separately, e.g. when it is difficult to figure out
+ the revision from which the blob came.
--batch::
--batch=<format>::
Print object information and contents for each object provided
- on stdin. May not be combined with any other options or arguments.
- See the section `BATCH OUTPUT` below for details.
+ on stdin. May not be combined with any other options or arguments
+ except `--textconv` or `--filters`, in which case the input lines
+ also need to specify the path, separated by white space. See the
+ section `BATCH OUTPUT` below for details.
--batch-check::
--batch-check=<format>::
Print object information for each object provided on stdin. May
- not be combined with any other options or arguments. See the
+ not be combined with any other options or arguments except
+ `--textconv` or `--filters`, in which case the input lines also
+ need to specify the path, separated by white space. See the
section `BATCH OUTPUT` below for details.
--batch-all-objects::
@@ -144,13 +164,13 @@ respectively print:
OUTPUT
------
-If '-t' is specified, one of the <type>.
+If `-t` is specified, one of the <type>.
-If '-s' is specified, the size of the <object> in bytes.
+If `-s` is specified, the size of the <object> in bytes.
-If '-e' is specified, no output.
+If `-e` is specified, no output.
-If '-p' is specified, the contents of <object> are pretty-printed.
+If `-p` is specified, the contents of <object> are pretty-printed.
If <type> is specified, the raw (though uncompressed) contents of the <object>
will be returned.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
index 91a3622..8611a99 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
@@ -118,8 +118,8 @@ $ git check-ref-format --branch @{-1}
* Determine the reference name to use for a new branch:
+
------------
-$ ref=$(git check-ref-format --normalize "refs/heads/$newbranch") ||
-die "we do not like '$newbranch' as a branch name."
+$ ref=$(git check-ref-format --normalize "refs/heads/$newbranch")||
+{ echo "we do not like '$newbranch' as a branch name." >&2 ; exit 1 ; }
------------
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
index 5e5273e..8e2c066 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
@@ -157,7 +157,7 @@ of it").
When creating a new branch, set up "upstream" configuration. See
"--track" in linkgit:git-branch[1] for details.
+
-If no '-b' option is given, the name of the new branch will be
+If no `-b` option is given, the name of the new branch will be
derived from the remote-tracking branch, by looking at the local part of
the refspec configured for the corresponding remote, and then stripping
the initial part up to the "*".
@@ -165,7 +165,7 @@ This would tell us to use "hack" as the local branch when branching
off of "origin/hack" (or "remotes/origin/hack", or even
"refs/remotes/origin/hack"). If the given name has no slash, or the above
guessing results in an empty name, the guessing is aborted. You can
-explicitly give a name with '-b' in such a case.
+explicitly give a name with `-b` in such a case.
--no-track::
Do not set up "upstream" configuration, even if the
@@ -419,6 +419,18 @@ $ git reflog -2 HEAD # or
$ git log -g -2 HEAD
------------
+ARGUMENT DISAMBIGUATION
+-----------------------
+
+When there is only one argument given and it is not `--` (e.g. "git
+checkout abc"), and when the argument is both a valid `<tree-ish>`
+(e.g. a branch "abc" exists) and a valid `<pathspec>` (e.g. a file
+or a directory whose name is "abc" exists), Git would usually ask
+you to disambiguate. Because checking out a branch is so common an
+operation, however, "git checkout abc" takes "abc" as a `<tree-ish>`
+in such a situation. Use `git checkout -- <pathspec>` if you want
+to checkout these paths out of the index.
+
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
index 6154e57..d35d771 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ OPTIONS
For a more complete list of ways to spell commits, see
linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
Sets of commits can be passed but no traversal is done by
- default, as if the '--no-walk' option was specified, see
+ default, as if the `--no-walk` option was specified, see
linkgit:git-rev-list[1]. Note that specifying a range will
feed all <commit>... arguments to a single revision walk
(see a later example that uses 'maint master..next').
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ effect to your index in a row.
--allow-empty-message::
By default, cherry-picking a commit with an empty message will fail.
- This option overrides that behaviour, allowing commits with empty
+ This option overrides that behavior, allowing commits with empty
messages to be cherry picked.
--keep-redundant-commits::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clean.txt b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
index 51a7e26..03056da 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clean.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ DESCRIPTION
Cleans the working tree by recursively removing files that are not
under version control, starting from the current directory.
-Normally, only files unknown to Git are removed, but if the '-x'
+Normally, only files unknown to Git are removed, but if the `-x`
option is specified, ignored files are also removed. This can, for
example, be useful to remove all build products.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clone.txt b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
index b7c467a..35cc34b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clone.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
@@ -14,8 +14,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
[-o <name>] [-b <name>] [-u <upload-pack>] [--reference <repository>]
[--dissociate] [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
[--depth <depth>] [--[no-]single-branch]
- [--recursive | --recurse-submodules] [--] <repository>
- [<directory>]
+ [--recursive | --recurse-submodules] [--[no-]shallow-submodules]
+ [--jobs <n>] [--] <repository> [<directory>]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -90,13 +90,16 @@ If you want to break the dependency of a repository cloned with `-s` on
its source repository, you can simply run `git repack -a` to copy all
objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
---reference <repository>::
+--reference[-if-able] <repository>::
If the reference repository is on the local machine,
automatically setup `.git/objects/info/alternates` to
obtain objects from the reference repository. Using
an already existing repository as an alternate will
require fewer objects to be copied from the repository
being cloned, reducing network and local storage costs.
+ When using the `--reference-if-able`, a non existing
+ directory is skipped with a warning instead of aborting
+ the clone.
+
*NOTE*: see the NOTE for the `--shared` option, and also the
`--dissociate` option.
@@ -191,7 +194,16 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
Create a 'shallow' clone with a history truncated to the
specified number of commits. Implies `--single-branch` unless
`--no-single-branch` is given to fetch the histories near the
- tips of all branches.
+ tips of all branches. If you want to clone submodules shallowly,
+ also pass `--shallow-submodules`.
+
+--shallow-since=<date>::
+ Create a shallow clone with a history after the specified time.
+
+--shallow-exclude=<revision>::
+ Create a shallow clone with a history, excluding commits
+ reachable from a specified remote branch or tag. This option
+ can be specified multiple times.
--[no-]single-branch::
Clone only the history leading to the tip of a single branch,
@@ -212,6 +224,9 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
repository does not have a worktree/checkout (i.e. if any of
`--no-checkout`/`-n`, `--bare`, or `--mirror` is given)
+--[no-]shallow-submodules::
+ All submodules which are cloned will be shallow with a depth of 1.
+
--separate-git-dir=<git dir>::
Instead of placing the cloned repository where it is supposed
to be, place the cloned repository at the specified directory,
@@ -219,6 +234,10 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
The result is Git repository can be separated from working
tree.
+-j <n>::
+--jobs <n>::
+ The number of submodules fetched at the same time.
+ Defaults to the `submodule.fetchJobs` option.
<repository>::
The (possibly remote) repository to clone from. See the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
index 48c33d7..002dae6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ OPTIONS
An existing tree object
-p <parent>::
- Each '-p' indicates the id of a parent commit object.
+ Each `-p` indicates the id of a parent commit object.
-m <message>::
A paragraph in the commit log message. This can be given more than
@@ -61,8 +61,8 @@ OPTIONS
stuck to the option without a space.
--no-gpg-sign::
- Countermand `commit.gpgSign` configuration variable that is
- set to force each and every commit to be signed.
+ Do not GPG-sign commit, to countermand a `--gpg-sign` option
+ given earlier on the command line.
Commit Information
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
index 9ec6b3c..4f8f20a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
@@ -29,7 +29,8 @@ The content to be added can be specified in several ways:
2. by using 'git rm' to remove files from the working tree
and the index, again before using the 'commit' command;
-3. by listing files as arguments to the 'commit' command, in which
+3. by listing files as arguments to the 'commit' command
+ (without --interactive or --patch switch), in which
case the commit will ignore changes staged in the index, and instead
record the current content of the listed files (which must already
be known to Git);
@@ -41,7 +42,8 @@ The content to be added can be specified in several ways:
actual commit;
5. by using the --interactive or --patch switches with the 'commit' command
- to decide one by one which files or hunks should be part of the commit,
+ to decide one by one which files or hunks should be part of the commit
+ in addition to contents in the index,
before finalizing the operation. See the ``Interactive Mode'' section of
linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate these modes.
@@ -75,7 +77,7 @@ OPTIONS
-c <commit>::
--reedit-message=<commit>::
- Like '-C', but with '-c' the editor is invoked, so that
+ Like '-C', but with `-c` the editor is invoked, so that
the user can further edit the commit message.
--fixup=<commit>::
@@ -201,7 +203,7 @@ default::
Otherwise `whitespace`.
--
+
-The default can be changed by the 'commit.cleanup' configuration
+The default can be changed by the `commit.cleanup` configuration
variable (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
-e::
@@ -260,10 +262,11 @@ FROM UPSTREAM REBASE" section in linkgit:git-rebase[1].)
staged for other paths. This is the default mode of operation of
'git commit' if any paths are given on the command line,
in which case this option can be omitted.
- If this option is specified together with '--amend', then
+ If this option is specified together with `--amend`, then
no paths need to be specified, which can be used to amend
the last commit without committing changes that have
- already been staged.
+ already been staged. If used together with `--allow-empty`
+ paths are also not required, and an empty commit will be created.
-u[<mode>]::
--untracked-files[=<mode>]::
@@ -290,7 +293,8 @@ configuration variable documented in linkgit:git-config[1].
what changes the commit has.
Note that this diff output doesn't have its
lines prefixed with '#'. This diff will not be a part
- of the commit message.
+ of the commit message. See the `commit.verbose` configuration
+ variable in linkgit:git-config[1].
+
If specified twice, show in addition the unified diff between
what would be committed and the worktree files, i.e. the unstaged
@@ -449,8 +453,8 @@ include::i18n.txt[]
ENVIRONMENT AND CONFIGURATION VARIABLES
---------------------------------------
The editor used to edit the commit log message will be chosen from the
-GIT_EDITOR environment variable, the core.editor configuration variable, the
-VISUAL environment variable, or the EDITOR environment variable (in that
+`GIT_EDITOR` environment variable, the core.editor configuration variable, the
+`VISUAL` environment variable, or the `EDITOR` environment variable (in that
order). See linkgit:git-var[1] for details.
HOOKS
diff --git a/Documentation/git-config.txt b/Documentation/git-config.txt
index 6843114..83f86b9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-config.txt
@@ -31,29 +31,29 @@ You can query/set/replace/unset options with this command. The name is
actually the section and the key separated by a dot, and the value will be
escaped.
-Multiple lines can be added to an option by using the '--add' option.
+Multiple lines can be added to an option by using the `--add` option.
If you want to update or unset an option which can occur on multiple
lines, a POSIX regexp `value_regex` needs to be given. Only the
existing values that match the regexp are updated or unset. If
you want to handle the lines that do *not* match the regex, just
prepend a single exclamation mark in front (see also <<EXAMPLES>>).
-The type specifier can be either '--int' or '--bool', to make
+The type specifier can be either `--int` or `--bool`, to make
'git config' ensure that the variable(s) are of the given type and
convert the value to the canonical form (simple decimal number for int,
-a "true" or "false" string for bool), or '--path', which does some
-path expansion (see '--path' below). If no type specifier is passed, no
+a "true" or "false" string for bool), or `--path`, which does some
+path expansion (see `--path` below). If no type specifier is passed, no
checks or transformations are performed on the value.
When reading, the values are read from the system, global and
repository local configuration files by default, and options
-'--system', '--global', '--local' and '--file <filename>' can be
+`--system`, `--global`, `--local` and `--file <filename>` can be
used to tell the command to read from only that location (see <<FILES>>).
When writing, the new value is written to the repository local
-configuration file by default, and options '--system', '--global',
-'--file <filename>' can be used to tell the command to write to
-that location (you can say '--local' but that is the default).
+configuration file by default, and options `--system`, `--global`,
+`--file <filename>` can be used to tell the command to write to
+that location (you can say `--local` but that is the default).
This command will fail with non-zero status upon error. Some exit
codes are:
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ See also <<FILES>>.
Use the given config file instead of the one specified by GIT_CONFIG.
--blob blob::
- Similar to '--file' but use the given blob instead of a file. E.g.
+ Similar to `--file` but use the given blob instead of a file. E.g.
you can use 'master:.gitmodules' to read values from the file
'.gitmodules' in the master branch. See "SPECIFYING REVISIONS"
section in linkgit:gitrevisions[7] for a more complete list of
@@ -220,7 +220,7 @@ See also <<FILES>>.
-e::
--edit::
Opens an editor to modify the specified config file; either
- '--system', '--global', or repository (default).
+ `--system`, `--global`, or repository (default).
--[no-]includes::
Respect `include.*` directives in config files when looking up
@@ -232,7 +232,7 @@ See also <<FILES>>.
FILES
-----
-If not set explicitly with '--file', there are four files where
+If not set explicitly with `--file`, there are four files where
'git config' will search for configuration options:
$(prefix)/etc/gitconfig::
@@ -263,13 +263,16 @@ The files are read in the order given above, with last value found taking
precedence over values read earlier. When multiple values are taken then all
values of a key from all files will be used.
+You may override individual configuration parameters when running any git
+command by using the `-c` option. See linkgit:git[1] for details.
+
All writing options will per default write to the repository specific
-configuration file. Note that this also affects options like '--replace-all'
-and '--unset'. *'git config' will only ever change one file at a time*.
+configuration file. Note that this also affects options like `--replace-all`
+and `--unset`. *'git config' will only ever change one file at a time*.
You can override these rules either by command-line options or by environment
-variables. The '--global' and the '--system' options will limit the file used
-to the global or system-wide file respectively. The GIT_CONFIG environment
+variables. The `--global` and the `--system` options will limit the file used
+to the global or system-wide file respectively. The `GIT_CONFIG` environment
variable has a similar effect, but you can specify any filename you want.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
index 2ff3568..cb9b4d2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
@@ -38,6 +38,11 @@ objects nor valid packs
+
size-garbage: disk space consumed by garbage files, in KiB (unless -H is
specified)
++
+alternate: absolute path of alternate object databases; may appear
+multiple times, one line per path. Note that if the path contains
+non-printable characters, it may be surrounded by double-quotes and
+contain C-style backslashed escape sequences.
-H::
--human-readable::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
index e3c8f27..25fb963 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ OPTIONS
FILES
-----
-If not set explicitly with '--file', there are two files where
+If not set explicitly with `--file`, there are two files where
git-credential-store will search for credentials in order of precedence:
~/.git-credentials::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
index 00a0679..de1ebed 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ DESCRIPTION
deprecated; it does not work with cvsps version 3 and later. If you are
performing a one-shot import of a CVS repository consider using
http://cvs2svn.tigris.org/cvs2git.html[cvs2git] or
-https://github.com/BartMassey/parsecvs[parsecvs].
+http://www.catb.org/esr/cvs-fast-export/[cvs-fast-export].
Imports a CVS repository into Git. It will either create a new
repository, or incrementally import into an existing one.
@@ -74,10 +74,10 @@ OPTIONS
akin to the way 'git clone' uses 'origin' by default.
-o <branch-for-HEAD>::
- When no remote is specified (via -r) the 'HEAD' branch
+ When no remote is specified (via -r) the `HEAD` branch
from CVS is imported to the 'origin' branch within the Git
- repository, as 'HEAD' already has a special meaning for Git.
- When a remote is specified the 'HEAD' branch is named
+ repository, as `HEAD` already has a special meaning for Git.
+ When a remote is specified the `HEAD` branch is named
remotes/<remote>/master mirroring 'git clone' behaviour.
Use this option if you want to import into a different
branch.
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ the old cvs2git tool.
-p <options-for-cvsps>::
Additional options for cvsps.
- The options '-u' and '-A' are implicit and should not be used here.
+ The options `-u` and '-A' are implicit and should not be used here.
+
If you need to pass multiple options, separate them with a comma.
@@ -122,7 +122,7 @@ If you need to pass multiple options, separate them with a comma.
-M <regex>::
Attempt to detect merges based on the commit message with a custom
- regex. It can be used with '-m' to enable the default regexes
+ regex. It can be used with `-m` to enable the default regexes
as well. You must escape forward slashes.
+
The regex must capture the source branch name in $1.
@@ -186,7 +186,7 @@ messages, bug-tracking systems, email archives, and the like.
OUTPUT
------
-If '-v' is specified, the script reports what it is doing.
+If `-v` is specified, the script reports what it is doing.
Otherwise, success is indicated the Unix way, i.e. by simply exiting with
a zero exit status.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
index db4d7a9..a336ae5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ Print usage information and exit
You can specify a list of allowed directories. If no directories
are given, all are allowed. This is an additional restriction, gitcvs
access still needs to be enabled by the `gitcvs.enabled` config option
-unless '--export-all' was given, too.
+unless `--export-all` was given, too.
DESCRIPTION
@@ -332,7 +332,7 @@ To get a checkout with the Eclipse CVS client:
3. Browse the 'modules' available. It will give you a list of the heads in
the repository. You will not be able to browse the tree from there. Only
the heads.
-4. Pick 'HEAD' when it asks what branch/tag to check out. Untick the
+4. Pick `HEAD` when it asks what branch/tag to check out. Untick the
"launch commit wizard" to avoid committing the .project file.
Protocol notes: If you are using anonymous access via pserver, just select that.
@@ -402,12 +402,12 @@ Exports and tagging (tags and branches) are not supported at this stage.
CRLF Line Ending Conversions
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-By default the server leaves the '-k' mode blank for all files,
+By default the server leaves the `-k` mode blank for all files,
which causes the CVS client to treat them as a text files, subject
to end-of-line conversion on some platforms.
You can make the server use the end-of-line conversion attributes to
-set the '-k' modes for files by setting the `gitcvs.usecrlfattr`
+set the `-k` modes for files by setting the `gitcvs.usecrlfattr`
config variable. See linkgit:gitattributes[5] for more information
about end-of-line conversion.
@@ -415,9 +415,9 @@ Alternatively, if `gitcvs.usecrlfattr` config is not enabled
or the attributes do not allow automatic detection for a filename, then
the server uses the `gitcvs.allBinary` config for the default setting.
If `gitcvs.allBinary` is set, then file not otherwise
-specified will default to '-kb' mode. Otherwise the '-k' mode
+specified will default to '-kb' mode. Otherwise the `-k` mode
is left blank. But if `gitcvs.allBinary` is set to "guess", then
-the correct '-k' mode will be guessed based on the contents of
+the correct `-k` mode will be guessed based on the contents of
the file.
For best consistency with 'cvs', it is probably best to override the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
index a69b361..3c91db7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ that service if it is enabled.
It verifies that the directory has the magic file "git-daemon-export-ok", and
it will refuse to export any Git directory that hasn't explicitly been marked
-for export this way (unless the '--export-all' parameter is specified). If you
+for export this way (unless the `--export-all` parameter is specified). If you
pass some directory paths as 'git daemon' arguments, you can further restrict
the offers to a whitelist comprising of those.
@@ -90,10 +90,10 @@ OPTIONS
is not supported, then --listen=hostname is also not supported and
--listen must be given an IPv4 address.
Can be given more than once.
- Incompatible with '--inetd' option.
+ Incompatible with `--inetd` option.
--port=<n>::
- Listen on an alternative port. Incompatible with '--inetd' option.
+ Listen on an alternative port. Incompatible with `--inetd` option.
--init-timeout=<n>::
Timeout (in seconds) between the moment the connection is established
@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ Git configuration files in that directory are readable by `<user>`.
arguments. The external command can decide to decline the
service by exiting with a non-zero status (or to allow it by
exiting with a zero status). It can also look at the $REMOTE_ADDR
- and $REMOTE_PORT environment variables to learn about the
+ and `$REMOTE_PORT` environment variables to learn about the
requestor when making this decision.
+
The external command can optionally write a single line to its
@@ -296,7 +296,7 @@ they correspond to these IP addresses.
selectively enable/disable services per repository::
To enable 'git archive --remote' and disable 'git fetch' against
a repository, have the following in the configuration file in the
- repository (that is the file 'config' next to 'HEAD', 'refs' and
+ repository (that is the file 'config' next to `HEAD`, 'refs' and
'objects').
+
----------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-describe.txt b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
index c8f28c8..e4ac448 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-describe.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
@@ -154,7 +154,7 @@ is found, its name will be output and searching will stop.
If an exact match was not found, 'git describe' will walk back
through the commit history to locate an ancestor commit which
has been tagged. The ancestor's tag will be output along with an
-abbreviation of the input commit-ish's SHA-1. If '--first-parent' was
+abbreviation of the input commit-ish's SHA-1. If `--first-parent` was
specified then the walk will only consider the first parent of each
commit.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt b/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt
index a86cf62..a171506 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt
@@ -40,13 +40,13 @@ include::diff-format.txt[]
Operating Modes
---------------
You can choose whether you want to trust the index file entirely
-(using the '--cached' flag) or ask the diff logic to show any files
+(using the `--cached` flag) or ask the diff logic to show any files
that don't match the stat state as being "tentatively changed". Both
of these operations are very useful indeed.
Cached Mode
-----------
-If '--cached' is specified, it allows you to ask:
+If `--cached` is specified, it allows you to ask:
show me the differences between HEAD and the current index
contents (the ones I'd write using 'git write-tree')
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt
index 1439486..7870e17 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt
@@ -43,11 +43,11 @@ include::diff-options.txt[]
show tree entry itself as well as subtrees. Implies -r.
--root::
- When '--root' is specified the initial commit will be shown as a big
+ When `--root` is specified the initial commit will be shown as a big
creation event. This is equivalent to a diff against the NULL tree.
--stdin::
- When '--stdin' is specified, the command does not take
+ When `--stdin` is specified, the command does not take
<tree-ish> arguments from the command line. Instead, it
reads lines containing either two <tree>, one <commit>, or a
list of <commit> from its standard input. (Use a single space
@@ -70,13 +70,13 @@ commits (but not trees).
By default, 'git diff-tree --stdin' does not show
differences for merge commits. With this flag, it shows
differences to that commit from all of its parents. See
- also '-c'.
+ also `-c`.
-s::
By default, 'git diff-tree --stdin' shows differences,
- either in machine-readable form (without '-p') or in patch
- form (with '-p'). This output can be suppressed. It is
- only useful with '-v' flag.
+ either in machine-readable form (without `-p`) or in patch
+ form (with `-p`). This output can be suppressed. It is
+ only useful with `-v` flag.
-v::
This flag causes 'git diff-tree --stdin' to also show
@@ -91,17 +91,17 @@ include::pretty-options.txt[]
-c::
This flag changes the way a merge commit is displayed
(which means it is useful only when the command is given
- one <tree-ish>, or '--stdin'). It shows the differences
+ one <tree-ish>, or `--stdin`). It shows the differences
from each of the parents to the merge result simultaneously
instead of showing pairwise diff between a parent and the
- result one at a time (which is what the '-m' option does).
+ result one at a time (which is what the `-m` option does).
Furthermore, it lists only files which were modified
from all parents.
--cc::
This flag changes the way a merge commit patch is displayed,
- in a similar way to the '-c' option. It implies the '-c'
- and '-p' options and further compresses the patch output
+ in a similar way to the `-c` option. It implies the `-c`
+ and `-p` options and further compresses the patch output
by omitting uninteresting hunks whose the contents in the parents
have only two variants and the merge result picks one of them
without modification. When all hunks are uninteresting, the commit
diff --git a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
index 333cf6f..224fb30 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ instead. `--no-symlinks` is the default on Windows.
invoked diff tool returns a non-zero exit code.
+
'git-difftool' will forward the exit code of the invoked tool when
-'--trust-exit-code' is used.
+`--trust-exit-code` is used.
See linkgit:git-diff[1] for the full list of supported options.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
index 66910aa..2b76265 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
@@ -136,6 +136,8 @@ Performance and Compression Tuning
Maximum size of each output packfile.
The default is unlimited.
+fastimport.unpackLimit::
+ See linkgit:git-config[1]
Performance
-----------
@@ -1054,7 +1056,7 @@ relative-marks::
no-relative-marks::
force::
Act as though the corresponding command-line option with
- a leading '--' was passed on the command line
+ a leading `--` was passed on the command line
(see OPTIONS, above).
import-marks::
@@ -1105,7 +1107,7 @@ options the user may specify to git fast-import itself.
The `<option>` part of the command may contain any of the options
listed in the OPTIONS section that do not change import semantics,
-without the leading '--' and is treated in the same way.
+without the leading `--` and is treated in the same way.
Option commands must be the first commands on the input (not counting
feature commands), to give an option command after any non-option
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
index 239623c..d45f6ad 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
@@ -41,13 +41,13 @@ OPTIONS
option, then the refs from stdin are processed after those
on the command line.
+
-If '--stateless-rpc' is specified together with this option then
+If `--stateless-rpc` is specified together with this option then
the list of refs must be in packet format (pkt-line). Each ref must
be in a separate packet, and the list must end with a flush packet.
-q::
--quiet::
- Pass '-q' flag to 'git unpack-objects'; this makes the
+ Pass `-q` flag to 'git unpack-objects'; this makes the
cloning process less verbose.
-k::
@@ -87,6 +87,20 @@ be in a separate packet, and the list must end with a flush packet.
'git-upload-pack' treats the special depth 2147483647 as
infinite even if there is an ancestor-chain that long.
+--shallow-since=<date>::
+ Deepen or shorten the history of a shallow'repository to
+ include all reachable commits after <date>.
+
+--shallow-exclude=<revision>::
+ Deepen or shorten the history of a shallow repository to
+ exclude commits reachable from a specified remote branch or tag.
+ This option can be specified multiple times.
+
+--deepen-relative::
+ Argument --depth specifies the number of commits from the
+ current shallow boundary instead of from the tip of each
+ remote branch history.
+
--no-progress::
Do not show the progress.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
index 9176799..b153aef 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
@@ -99,6 +99,57 @@ The latter use of the `remote.<repository>.fetch` values can be
overridden by giving the `--refmap=<refspec>` parameter(s) on the
command line.
+OUTPUT
+------
+
+The output of "git fetch" depends on the transport method used; this
+section describes the output when fetching over the Git protocol
+(either locally or via ssh) and Smart HTTP protocol.
+
+The status of the fetch is output in tabular form, with each line
+representing the status of a single ref. Each line is of the form:
+
+-------------------------------
+ <flag> <summary> <from> -> <to> [<reason>]
+-------------------------------
+
+The status of up-to-date refs is shown only if the --verbose option is
+used.
+
+In compact output mode, specified with configuration variable
+fetch.output, if either entire `<from>` or `<to>` is found in the
+other string, it will be substituted with `*` in the other string. For
+example, `master -> origin/master` becomes `master -> origin/*`.
+
+flag::
+ A single character indicating the status of the ref:
+(space);; for a successfully fetched fast-forward;
+`+`;; for a successful forced update;
+`-`;; for a successfully pruned ref;
+`t`;; for a successful tag update;
+`*`;; for a successfully fetched new ref;
+`!`;; for a ref that was rejected or failed to update; and
+`=`;; for a ref that was up to date and did not need fetching.
+
+summary::
+ For a successfully fetched ref, the summary shows the old and new
+ values of the ref in a form suitable for using as an argument to
+ `git log` (this is `<old>..<new>` in most cases, and
+ `<old>...<new>` for forced non-fast-forward updates).
+
+from::
+ The name of the remote ref being fetched from, minus its
+ `refs/<type>/` prefix. In the case of deletion, the name of
+ the remote ref is "(none)".
+
+to::
+ The name of the local ref being updated, minus its
+ `refs/<type>/` prefix.
+
+reason::
+ A human-readable explanation. In the case of successfully fetched
+ refs, no explanation is needed. For a failed ref, the reason for
+ failure is described.
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
index 003731f..0a09698 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ if different from the rewritten ones, will be stored in the namespace
Note that since this operation is very I/O expensive, it might
be a good idea to redirect the temporary directory off-disk with the
-'-d' option, e.g. on tmpfs. Reportedly the speedup is very noticeable.
+`-d` option, e.g. on tmpfs. Reportedly the speedup is very noticeable.
Filters
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ Filters
The filters are applied in the order as listed below. The <command>
argument is always evaluated in the shell context using the 'eval' command
(with the notable exception of the commit filter, for technical reasons).
-Prior to that, the $GIT_COMMIT environment variable will be set to contain
+Prior to that, the `$GIT_COMMIT` environment variable will be set to contain
the id of the commit being rewritten. Also, GIT_AUTHOR_NAME,
GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL, GIT_AUTHOR_DATE, GIT_COMMITTER_NAME, GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL,
and GIT_COMMITTER_DATE are taken from the current commit and exported to
@@ -171,7 +171,7 @@ to other tags will be rewritten to point to the underlying commit.
untouched. This switch allow git-filter-branch to ignore such
commits. Though, this switch only applies for commits that have one
and only one parent, it will hence keep merges points. Also, this
- option is not compatible with the use of '--commit-filter'. Though you
+ option is not compatible with the use of `--commit-filter`. Though you
just need to use the function 'git_commit_non_empty_tree "$@"' instead
of the `git commit-tree "$@"` idiom in your commit filter to make that
happen.
@@ -197,7 +197,7 @@ to other tags will be rewritten to point to the underlying commit.
<rev-list options>...::
Arguments for 'git rev-list'. All positive refs included by
these options are rewritten. You may also specify options
- such as '--all', but you must use '--' to separate them from
+ such as `--all`, but you must use `--` to separate them from
the 'git filter-branch' options. Implies <<Remap_to_ancestor>>.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
index 6526b17..44892c4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
@@ -60,10 +60,10 @@ merge.summary::
EXAMPLE
-------
---
+---------
$ git fetch origin master
$ git fmt-merge-msg --log <$GIT_DIR/FETCH_HEAD
---
+---------
Print a log message describing a merge of the "master" branch from
the "origin" remote.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
index d9d406d..abe13f3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
@@ -79,6 +79,9 @@ OPTIONS
Only list refs which contain the specified commit (HEAD if not
specified).
+--ignore-case::
+ Sorting and filtering refs are case insensitive.
+
FIELD NAMES
-----------
@@ -142,7 +145,7 @@ align::
<width> and <position> used instead. For instance,
`%(align:<width>,<position>)`. If the contents length is more
than the width then no alignment is performed. If used with
- '--quote' everything in between %(align:...) and %(end) is
+ `--quote` everything in between %(align:...) and %(end) is
quoted, but if nested then only the topmost level performs
quoting.
@@ -165,6 +168,8 @@ of all lines of the commit message up to the first blank line. The next
line is 'contents:body', where body is all of the lines after the first
blank line. The optional GPG signature is `contents:signature`. The
first `N` lines of the message is obtained using `contents:lines=N`.
+Additionally, the trailers as interpreted by linkgit:git-interpret-trailers[1]
+are obtained as 'contents:trailers'.
For sorting purposes, fields with numeric values sort in numeric order
(`objectsize`, `authordate`, `committerdate`, `creatordate`, `taggerdate`).
diff --git a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
index 6821441..9b200b3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
@@ -19,7 +19,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--start-number <n>] [--numbered-files]
[--in-reply-to=Message-Id] [--suffix=.<sfx>]
[--ignore-if-in-upstream]
- [--subject-prefix=Subject-Prefix] [(--reroll-count|-v) <n>]
+ [--rfc] [--subject-prefix=Subject-Prefix]
+ [(--reroll-count|-v) <n>]
[--to=<email>] [--cc=<email>]
[--[no-]cover-letter] [--quiet] [--notes[=<ref>]]
[<common diff options>]
@@ -58,7 +59,7 @@ output, unless the `--stdout` option is specified.
If `-o` is specified, output files are created in <dir>. Otherwise
they are created in the current working directory. The default path
-can be set with the 'format.outputDirectory' configuration option.
+can be set with the `format.outputDirectory` configuration option.
The `-o` option takes precedence over `format.outputDirectory`.
To store patches in the current working directory even when
`format.outputDirectory` points elsewhere, use `-o .`.
@@ -146,9 +147,9 @@ series, where the head is chosen from the cover letter, the
`--in-reply-to`, and the first patch mail, in this order. 'deep'
threading makes every mail a reply to the previous one.
+
-The default is `--no-thread`, unless the 'format.thread' configuration
+The default is `--no-thread`, unless the `format.thread` configuration
is set. If `--thread` is specified without a style, it defaults to the
-style specified by 'format.thread' if any, or else `shallow`.
+style specified by `format.thread` if any, or else `shallow`.
+
Beware that the default for 'git send-email' is to thread emails
itself. If you want `git format-patch` to take care of threading, you
@@ -172,6 +173,11 @@ will want to ensure that threading is disabled for `git send-email`.
allows for useful naming of a patch series, and can be
combined with the `--numbered` option.
+--rfc::
+ Alias for `--subject-prefix="RFC PATCH"`. RFC means "Request For
+ Comments"; use this when sending an experimental patch for
+ discussion rather than application.
+
-v <n>::
--reroll-count=<n>::
Mark the series as the <n>-th iteration of the topic. The
@@ -265,6 +271,11 @@ you can use `--suffix=-patch` to get `0001-description-of-my-change-patch`.
Output an all-zero hash in each patch's From header instead
of the hash of the commit.
+--base=<commit>::
+ Record the base tree information to identify the state the
+ patch series applies to. See the BASE TREE INFORMATION section
+ below for details.
+
--root::
Treat the revision argument as a <revision range>, even if it
is just a single commit (that would normally be treated as a
@@ -520,6 +531,61 @@ This should help you to submit patches inline using KMail.
5. Back in the compose window: add whatever other text you wish to the
message, complete the addressing and subject fields, and press send.
+BASE TREE INFORMATION
+---------------------
+
+The base tree information block is used for maintainers or third party
+testers to know the exact state the patch series applies to. It consists
+of the 'base commit', which is a well-known commit that is part of the
+stable part of the project history everybody else works off of, and zero
+or more 'prerequisite patches', which are well-known patches in flight
+that is not yet part of the 'base commit' that need to be applied on top
+of 'base commit' in topological order before the patches can be applied.
+
+The 'base commit' is shown as "base-commit: " followed by the 40-hex of
+the commit object name. A 'prerequisite patch' is shown as
+"prerequisite-patch-id: " followed by the 40-hex 'patch id', which can
+be obtained by passing the patch through the `git patch-id --stable`
+command.
+
+Imagine that on top of the public commit P, you applied well-known
+patches X, Y and Z from somebody else, and then built your three-patch
+series A, B, C, the history would be like:
+
+................................................
+---P---X---Y---Z---A---B---C
+................................................
+
+With `git format-patch --base=P -3 C` (or variants thereof, e.g. with
+`--cover-letter` of using `Z..C` instead of `-3 C` to specify the
+range), the base tree information block is shown at the end of the
+first message the command outputs (either the first patch, or the
+cover letter), like this:
+
+------------
+base-commit: P
+prerequisite-patch-id: X
+prerequisite-patch-id: Y
+prerequisite-patch-id: Z
+------------
+
+For non-linear topology, such as
+
+................................................
+---P---X---A---M---C
+ \ /
+ Y---Z---B
+................................................
+
+You can also use `git format-patch --base=P -3 C` to generate patches
+for A, B and C, and the identifiers for P, X, Y, Z are appended at the
+end of the first message.
+
+If set `--base=auto` in cmdline, it will track base commit automatically,
+the base commit will be the merge base of tip commit of the remote-tracking
+branch and revision-range specified in cmdline.
+For a local branch, you need to track a remote branch by `git branch
+--set-upstream-to` before using this option.
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
index 84ee92e..b9f060e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
@@ -11,7 +11,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
[verse]
'git fsck' [--tags] [--root] [--unreachable] [--cache] [--no-reflogs]
[--[no-]full] [--strict] [--verbose] [--lost-found]
- [--[no-]dangling] [--[no-]progress] [--connectivity-only] [<object>*]
+ [--[no-]dangling] [--[no-]progress] [--connectivity-only]
+ [--[no-]name-objects] [<object>*]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -82,6 +83,12 @@ index file, all SHA-1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
a blob, the contents are written into the file, rather than
its object name.
+--name-objects::
+ When displaying names of reachable objects, in addition to the
+ SHA-1 also display a name that describes *how* they are reachable,
+ compatible with linkgit:git-rev-parse[1], e.g.
+ `HEAD@{1234567890}~25^2:src/`.
+
--[no-]progress::
Progress status is reported on the standard error stream by
default when it is attached to a terminal, unless
@@ -95,7 +102,7 @@ DISCUSSION
git-fsck tests SHA-1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking
of the resulting reachability and everything else. It prints out any
corruption it finds (missing or bad objects), and if you use the
-'--unreachable' flag it will also print out objects that exist but that
+`--unreachable` flag it will also print out objects that exist but that
aren't reachable from any of the specified head nodes (or the default
set, as mentioned above).
diff --git a/Documentation/git-gc.txt b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
index fa15104..bed60f4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-gc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
@@ -82,13 +82,13 @@ automatic consolidation of packs.
Configuration
-------------
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.reflogExpire' can be
+The optional configuration variable `gc.reflogExpire` can be
set to indicate how long historical entries within each branch's
reflog should remain available in this repository. The setting is
expressed as a length of time, for example '90 days' or '3 months'.
It defaults to '90 days'.
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.reflogExpireUnreachable'
+The optional configuration variable `gc.reflogExpireUnreachable`
can be set to indicate how long historical reflog entries which
are not part of the current branch should remain available in
this repository. These types of entries are generally created as
@@ -107,30 +107,30 @@ branches:
reflogExpireUnreachable = 3 days
------------
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereResolved' indicates
+The optional configuration variable `gc.rerereResolved` indicates
how long records of conflicted merge you resolved earlier are
kept. This defaults to 60 days.
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereUnresolved' indicates
+The optional configuration variable `gc.rerereUnresolved` indicates
how long records of conflicted merge you have not resolved are
kept. This defaults to 15 days.
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.packRefs' determines if
+The optional configuration variable `gc.packRefs` determines if
'git gc' runs 'git pack-refs'. This can be set to "notbare" to enable
it within all non-bare repos or it can be set to a boolean value.
This defaults to true.
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.aggressiveWindow' controls how
+The optional configuration variable `gc.aggressiveWindow` controls how
much time is spent optimizing the delta compression of the objects in
the repository when the --aggressive option is specified. The larger
the value, the more time is spent optimizing the delta compression. See
the documentation for the --window' option in linkgit:git-repack[1] for
more details. This defaults to 250.
-Similarly, the optional configuration variable 'gc.aggressiveDepth'
+Similarly, the optional configuration variable `gc.aggressiveDepth`
controls --depth option in linkgit:git-repack[1]. This defaults to 250.
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.pruneExpire' controls how old
+The optional configuration variable `gc.pruneExpire` controls how old
the unreferenced loose objects have to be before they are pruned. The
default is "2 weeks ago".
diff --git a/Documentation/git-grep.txt b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
index cb0f6cf..0ecea6e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-grep.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
@@ -41,17 +41,17 @@ CONFIGURATION
-------------
grep.lineNumber::
- If set to true, enable '-n' option by default.
+ If set to true, enable `-n` option by default.
grep.patternType::
Set the default matching behavior. Using a value of 'basic', 'extended',
- 'fixed', or 'perl' will enable the '--basic-regexp', '--extended-regexp',
- '--fixed-strings', or '--perl-regexp' option accordingly, while the
+ 'fixed', or 'perl' will enable the `--basic-regexp`, `--extended-regexp`,
+ `--fixed-strings`, or `--perl-regexp` option accordingly, while the
value 'default' will return to the default matching behavior.
grep.extendedRegexp::
- If set to true, enable '--extended-regexp' option by default. This
- option is ignored when the 'grep.patternType' option is set to a value
+ If set to true, enable `--extended-regexp` option by default. This
+ option is ignored when the `grep.patternType` option is set to a value
other than 'default'.
grep.threads::
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ grep.threads::
8 threads are used by default (for now).
grep.fullName::
- If set to true, enable '--full-name' option by default.
+ If set to true, enable `--full-name` option by default.
grep.fallbackToNoIndex::
If set to true, fall back to git grep --no-index if git grep
diff --git a/Documentation/git-gui.txt b/Documentation/git-gui.txt
index 8144527..c1a3e8b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-gui.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-gui.txt
@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@ blame::
browser::
Start a tree browser showing all files in the specified
- commit (or 'HEAD' by default). Files selected through the
+ commit (or `HEAD` by default). Files selected through the
browser are opened in the blame viewer.
citool::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-help.txt b/Documentation/git-help.txt
index 3956525..40d328a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-help.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-help.txt
@@ -18,10 +18,10 @@ With no options and no COMMAND or GUIDE given, the synopsis of the 'git'
command and a list of the most commonly used Git commands are printed
on the standard output.
-If the option '--all' or '-a' is given, all available commands are
+If the option `--all` or `-a` is given, all available commands are
printed on the standard output.
-If the option '--guide' or '-g' is given, a list of the useful
+If the option `--guide` or `-g` is given, a list of the useful
Git guides is also printed on the standard output.
If a command, or a guide, is given, a manual page for that command or
@@ -57,10 +57,10 @@ OPTIONS
--man::
Display manual page for the command in the 'man' format. This
option may be used to override a value set in the
- 'help.format' configuration variable.
+ `help.format` configuration variable.
+
By default the 'man' program will be used to display the manual page,
-but the 'man.viewer' configuration variable may be used to choose
+but the `man.viewer` configuration variable may be used to choose
other display programs (see below).
-w::
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ other display programs (see below).
format. A web browser will be used for that purpose.
+
The web browser can be specified using the configuration variable
-'help.browser', or 'web.browser' if the former is not set. If none of
+`help.browser`, or `web.browser` if the former is not set. If none of
these config variables is set, the 'git web{litdd}browse' helper script
(called by 'git help') will pick a suitable default. See
linkgit:git-web{litdd}browse[1] for more information about this.
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ CONFIGURATION VARIABLES
help.format
~~~~~~~~~~~
-If no command-line option is passed, the 'help.format' configuration
+If no command-line option is passed, the `help.format` configuration
variable will be checked. The following values are supported for this
variable; they make 'git help' behave as their corresponding command-
line option:
@@ -92,7 +92,7 @@ line option:
help.browser, web.browser and browser.<tool>.path
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-The 'help.browser', 'web.browser' and 'browser.<tool>.path' will also
+The `help.browser`, `web.browser` and `browser.<tool>.path` will also
be checked if the 'web' format is chosen (either by command-line
option or configuration variable). See '-w|--web' in the OPTIONS
section above and linkgit:git-web{litdd}browse[1].
@@ -100,7 +100,7 @@ section above and linkgit:git-web{litdd}browse[1].
man.viewer
~~~~~~~~~~
-The 'man.viewer' configuration variable will be checked if the 'man'
+The `man.viewer` configuration variable will be checked if the 'man'
format is chosen. The following values are currently supported:
* "man": use the 'man' program as usual,
@@ -110,9 +110,9 @@ format is chosen. The following values are currently supported:
tab (see 'Note about konqueror' below).
Values for other tools can be used if there is a corresponding
-'man.<tool>.cmd' configuration entry (see below).
+`man.<tool>.cmd` configuration entry (see below).
-Multiple values may be given to the 'man.viewer' configuration
+Multiple values may be given to the `man.viewer` configuration
variable. Their corresponding programs will be tried in the order
listed in the configuration file.
@@ -128,14 +128,14 @@ will try to use konqueror first. But this may fail (for example, if
DISPLAY is not set) and in that case emacs' woman mode will be tried.
If everything fails, or if no viewer is configured, the viewer specified
-in the GIT_MAN_VIEWER environment variable will be tried. If that
+in the `GIT_MAN_VIEWER` environment variable will be tried. If that
fails too, the 'man' program will be tried anyway.
man.<tool>.path
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
You can explicitly provide a full path to your preferred man viewer by
-setting the configuration variable 'man.<tool>.path'. For example, you
+setting the configuration variable `man.<tool>.path`. For example, you
can configure the absolute path to konqueror by setting
'man.konqueror.path'. Otherwise, 'git help' assumes the tool is
available in PATH.
@@ -143,9 +143,9 @@ available in PATH.
man.<tool>.cmd
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-When the man viewer, specified by the 'man.viewer' configuration
+When the man viewer, specified by the `man.viewer` configuration
variables, is not among the supported ones, then the corresponding
-'man.<tool>.cmd' configuration variable will be looked up. If this
+`man.<tool>.cmd` configuration variable will be looked up. If this
variable exists then the specified tool will be treated as a custom
command and a shell eval will be used to run the command with the man
page passed as arguments.
@@ -153,7 +153,7 @@ page passed as arguments.
Note about konqueror
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-When 'konqueror' is specified in the 'man.viewer' configuration
+When 'konqueror' is specified in the `man.viewer` configuration
variable, we launch 'kfmclient' to try to open the man page on an
already opened konqueror in a new tab if possible.
@@ -176,7 +176,7 @@ Note about git config --global
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Note that all these configuration variables should probably be set
-using the '--global' flag, for example like this:
+using the `--global` flag, for example like this:
------------------------------------------------
$ git config --global help.format web
diff --git a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
index 9268fb6..bb0db19 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@ pushing using the smart HTTP protocol.
It verifies that the directory has the magic file
"git-daemon-export-ok", and it will refuse to export any Git directory
that hasn't explicitly been marked for export this way (unless the
-GIT_HTTP_EXPORT_ALL environmental variable is set).
+`GIT_HTTP_EXPORT_ALL` environmental variable is set).
By default, only the `upload-pack` service is enabled, which serves
'git fetch-pack' and 'git ls-remote' clients, which are invoked from
@@ -241,7 +241,7 @@ $HTTP["url"] =~ "^/git/private" {
ENVIRONMENT
-----------
-'git http-backend' relies upon the CGI environment variables set
+'git http-backend' relies upon the `CGI` environment variables set
by the invoking web server, including:
* PATH_INFO (if GIT_PROJECT_ROOT is set, otherwise PATH_TRANSLATED)
@@ -251,7 +251,7 @@ by the invoking web server, including:
* QUERY_STRING
* REQUEST_METHOD
-The GIT_HTTP_EXPORT_ALL environmental variable may be passed to
+The `GIT_HTTP_EXPORT_ALL` environmental variable may be passed to
'git-http-backend' to bypass the check for the "git-daemon-export-ok"
file in each repository before allowing export of that repository.
@@ -269,7 +269,7 @@ GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL to '$\{REMOTE_USER}@http.$\{REMOTE_ADDR\}',
ensuring that any reflogs created by 'git-receive-pack' contain some
identifying information of the remote user who performed the push.
-All CGI environment variables are available to each of the hooks
+All `CGI` environment variables are available to each of the hooks
invoked by the 'git-receive-pack'.
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-http-push.txt b/Documentation/git-http-push.txt
index 2e67362..2aceb6f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-http-push.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-http-push.txt
@@ -81,13 +81,13 @@ destination side.
exist in the set of remote refs; the ref matched <src>
locally is used as the name of the destination.
-Without '--force', the <src> ref is stored at the remote only if
+Without `--force`, the <src> ref is stored at the remote only if
<dst> does not exist, or <dst> is a proper subset (i.e. an
ancestor) of <src>. This check, known as "fast-forward check",
is performed in order to avoid accidentally overwriting the
remote ref and lose other peoples' commits from there.
-With '--force', the fast-forward check is disabled for all refs.
+With `--force`, the fast-forward check is disabled for all refs.
Optionally, a <ref> parameter can be prefixed with a plus '+' sign
to disable the fast-forward check only on that ref.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
index 7a4e055..1b4b65d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
@@ -87,6 +87,8 @@ OPTIONS
Specifying 0 will cause Git to auto-detect the number of CPU's
and use maximum 3 threads.
+--max-input-size=<size>::
+ Die, if the pack is larger than <size>.
Note
----
diff --git a/Documentation/git-init.txt b/Documentation/git-init.txt
index 8174d27..9d27197 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-init.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-init.txt
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ Only print error and warning messages; all other output will be suppressed.
--bare::
-Create a bare repository. If GIT_DIR environment is not set, it is set to the
+Create a bare repository. If `GIT_DIR` environment is not set, it is set to the
current working directory.
--template=<template_directory>::
@@ -130,7 +130,12 @@ The template directory will be one of the following (in order):
- the default template directory: `/usr/share/git-core/templates`.
The default template directory includes some directory structure, suggested
-"exclude patterns" (see linkgit:gitignore[5]), and sample hook files (see linkgit:githooks[5]).
+"exclude patterns" (see linkgit:gitignore[5]), and sample hook files.
+
+The sample hooks are all disabled by default, To enable one of the
+sample hooks rename it by removing its `.sample` suffix.
+
+See linkgit:githooks[5] for more general info on hook execution.
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
index cc75b25..e8ecdbf 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
@@ -80,8 +80,8 @@ You may specify configuration in your .git/config
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
-If the configuration variable 'instaweb.browser' is not set,
-'web.browser' will be used instead if it is defined. See
+If the configuration variable `instaweb.browser` is not set,
+`web.browser` will be used instead if it is defined. See
linkgit:git-web{litdd}browse[1] for more information about this.
SEE ALSO
diff --git a/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt b/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt
index a77b901..09074c7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt
@@ -48,19 +48,22 @@ with only spaces at the end of the commit message part, one blank line
will be added before the new trailer.
Existing trailers are extracted from the input message by looking for
-a group of one or more lines that contain a colon (by default), where
-the group is preceded by one or more empty (or whitespace-only) lines.
+a group of one or more lines that (i) are all trailers, or (ii) contains at
+least one Git-generated or user-configured trailer and consists of at
+least 25% trailers.
+The group must be preceded by one or more empty (or whitespace-only) lines.
The group must either be at the end of the message or be the last
non-whitespace lines before a line that starts with '---'. Such three
minus signs start the patch part of the message.
-When reading trailers, there can be whitespaces before and after the
+When reading trailers, there can be whitespaces after the
token, the separator and the value. There can also be whitespaces
-inside the token and the value.
+inside the token and the value. The value may be split over multiple lines with
+each subsequent line starting with whitespace, like the "folding" in RFC 822.
Note that 'trailers' do not follow and are not intended to follow many
-rules for RFC 822 headers. For example they do not follow the line
-folding rules, the encoding rules and probably many other rules.
+rules for RFC 822 headers. For example they do not follow
+the encoding rules and probably many other rules.
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -219,7 +222,7 @@ Signed-off-by: Alice <alice@example.com>
Signed-off-by: Bob <bob@example.com>
------------
-* Use the '--in-place' option to edit a message file in place:
+* Use the `--in-place` option to edit a message file in place:
+
------------
$ cat msg.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/git-log.txt b/Documentation/git-log.txt
index 03f9580..32246fd 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-log.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-log.txt
@@ -29,12 +29,14 @@ OPTIONS
(works only for a single file).
--no-decorate::
---decorate[=short|full|no]::
+--decorate[=short|full|auto|no]::
Print out the ref names of any commits that are shown. If 'short' is
specified, the ref name prefixes 'refs/heads/', 'refs/tags/' and
'refs/remotes/' will not be printed. If 'full' is specified, the
- full ref name (including prefix) will be printed. The default option
- is 'short'.
+ full ref name (including prefix) will be printed. If 'auto' is
+ specified, then if the output is going to a terminal, the ref names
+ are shown as if 'short' were given, otherwise no ref names are
+ shown. The default option is 'short'.
--source::
Print out the ref name given on the command line by which each
@@ -196,12 +198,16 @@ log.showRoot::
`git log -p` output would be shown without a diff attached.
The default is `true`.
+log.showSignature::
+ If `true`, `git log` and related commands will act as if the
+ `--show-signature` option was passed to them.
+
mailmap.*::
See linkgit:git-shortlog[1].
notes.displayRef::
Which refs, in addition to the default set by `core.notesRef`
- or 'GIT_NOTES_REF', to read notes from when showing commit
+ or `GIT_NOTES_REF`, to read notes from when showing commit
messages with the `log` family of commands. See
linkgit:git-notes[1].
+
@@ -210,7 +216,7 @@ multiple times. A warning will be issued for refs that do not exist,
but a glob that does not match any refs is silently ignored.
+
This setting can be disabled by the `--no-notes` option,
-overridden by the 'GIT_NOTES_DISPLAY_REF' environment variable,
+overridden by the `GIT_NOTES_DISPLAY_REF` environment variable,
and overridden by the `--notes=<ref>` option.
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
index 75c3f41..446209e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
@@ -18,7 +18,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--exclude-per-directory=<file>]
[--exclude-standard]
[--error-unmatch] [--with-tree=<tree-ish>]
- [--full-name] [--abbrev] [--] [<file>...]
+ [--full-name] [--recurse-submodules]
+ [--abbrev] [--] [<file>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -137,6 +138,10 @@ a space) at the start of each line:
option forces paths to be output relative to the project
top directory.
+--recurse-submodules::
+ Recursively calls ls-files on each submodule in the repository.
+ Currently there is only support for the --cached mode.
+
--abbrev[=<n>]::
Instead of showing the full 40-byte hexadecimal object
lines, show only a partial prefix.
@@ -159,8 +164,7 @@ not accessible in the working tree.
+
<eolattr> is the attribute that is used when checking out or committing,
it is either "", "-text", "text", "text=auto", "text eol=lf", "text eol=crlf".
-Note: Currently Git does not support "text=auto eol=lf" or "text=auto eol=crlf",
-that may change in the future.
+Since Git 2.10 "text=auto eol=lf" and "text=auto eol=crlf" are supported.
+
Both the <eolinfo> in the index ("i/<eolinfo>")
and in the working tree ("w/<eolinfo>") are shown for regular files,
@@ -175,7 +179,7 @@ followed by the ("attr/<eolattr>").
Output
------
-'git ls-files' just outputs the filenames unless '--stage' is specified in
+'git ls-files' just outputs the filenames unless `--stage` is specified in
which case it outputs:
[<tag> ]<mode> <object> <stage> <file>
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt
index 16e87fd..dbc91f9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt
@@ -20,16 +20,16 @@ in the current working directory. Note that:
- the behaviour is slightly different from that of "/bin/ls" in that the
'<path>' denotes just a list of patterns to match, e.g. so specifying
- directory name (without '-r') will behave differently, and order of the
+ directory name (without `-r`) will behave differently, and order of the
arguments does not matter.
- the behaviour is similar to that of "/bin/ls" in that the '<path>' is
taken as relative to the current working directory. E.g. when you are
in a directory 'sub' that has a directory 'dir', you can run 'git
ls-tree -r HEAD dir' to list the contents of the tree (that is
- 'sub/dir' in 'HEAD'). You don't want to give a tree that is not at the
+ 'sub/dir' in `HEAD`). You don't want to give a tree that is not at the
root level (e.g. `git ls-tree -r HEAD:sub dir`) in this case, as that
- would result in asking for 'sub/sub/dir' in the 'HEAD' commit.
+ would result in asking for 'sub/sub/dir' in the `HEAD` commit.
However, the current working directory can be ignored by passing
--full-tree option.
@@ -46,7 +46,7 @@ OPTIONS
-t::
Show tree entries even when going to recurse them. Has no effect
- if '-r' was not passed. '-d' implies '-t'.
+ if `-r` was not passed. `-d` implies `-t`.
-l::
--long::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mailsplit.txt b/Documentation/git-mailsplit.txt
index 4d1b871..e3b2a88 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mailsplit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mailsplit.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,8 @@ git-mailsplit - Simple UNIX mbox splitter program
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git mailsplit' [-b] [-f<nn>] [-d<prec>] [--keep-cr] -o<directory> [--] [(<mbox>|<Maildir>)...]
+'git mailsplit' [-b] [-f<nn>] [-d<prec>] [--keep-cr] [--mboxrd]
+ -o<directory> [--] [(<mbox>|<Maildir>)...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -47,6 +48,10 @@ OPTIONS
--keep-cr::
Do not remove `\r` from lines ending with `\r\n`.
+--mboxrd::
+ Input is of the "mboxrd" format and "^>+From " line escaping is
+ reversed.
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt
index 808426f..b968b64 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt
@@ -80,8 +80,8 @@ which is reachable from both 'A' and 'B' through the parent relationship.
For example, with this topology:
- o---o---o---B
- /
+ o---o---o---B
+ /
---o---1---o---o---o---A
the merge base between 'A' and 'B' is '1'.
@@ -116,11 +116,11 @@ the best common ancestor of all commits.
When the history involves criss-cross merges, there can be more than one
'best' common ancestor for two commits. For example, with this topology:
- ---1---o---A
- \ /
- X
- / \
- ---2---o---o---B
+ ---1---o---A
+ \ /
+ X
+ / \
+ ---2---o---o---B
both '1' and '2' are merge-bases of A and B. Neither one is better than
the other (both are 'best' merge bases). When the `--all` option is not given,
@@ -154,13 +154,13 @@ topic origin/master`, the history of remote-tracking branch
`origin/master` may have been rewound and rebuilt, leading to a
history of this shape:
- o---B1
- /
+ o---B1
+ /
---o---o---B2--o---o---o---B (origin/master)
- \
- B3
- \
- Derived (topic)
+ \
+ B3
+ \
+ Derived (topic)
where `origin/master` used to point at commits B3, B2, B1 and now it
points at B, and your `topic` branch was started on top of it back
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge.txt b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
index 07f7295..ca3c27b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
@@ -11,9 +11,11 @@ SYNOPSIS
[verse]
'git merge' [-n] [--stat] [--no-commit] [--squash] [--[no-]edit]
[-s <strategy>] [-X <strategy-option>] [-S[<keyid>]]
+ [--[no-]allow-unrelated-histories]
[--[no-]rerere-autoupdate] [-m <msg>] [<commit>...]
'git merge' <msg> HEAD <commit>...
'git merge' --abort
+'git merge' --continue
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -60,6 +62,8 @@ reconstruct the original (pre-merge) changes. Therefore:
discouraged: while possible, it may leave you in a state that is hard to
back out of in the case of a conflict.
+The fourth syntax ("`git merge --continue`") can only be run after the
+merge has resulted in conflicts.
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -98,6 +102,11 @@ commit or stash your changes before running 'git merge'.
'git merge --abort' is equivalent to 'git reset --merge' when
`MERGE_HEAD` is present.
+--continue::
+ After a 'git merge' stops due to conflicts you can conclude the
+ merge by running 'git merge --continue' (see "HOW TO RESOLVE
+ CONFLICTS" section below).
+
<commit>...::
Commits, usually other branch heads, to merge into our branch.
Specifying more than one commit will create a merge with
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt b/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
index e846c2e..3622d66 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
@@ -79,6 +79,13 @@ success of the resolution after the custom tool has exited.
Prompt before each invocation of the merge resolution program
to give the user a chance to skip the path.
+-O<orderfile>::
+ Process files in the order specified in the
+ <orderfile>, which has one shell glob pattern per line.
+ This overrides the `diff.orderFile` configuration variable
+ (see linkgit:git-config[1]). To cancel `diff.orderFile`,
+ use `-O/dev/null`.
+
TEMPORARY FILES
---------------
`git mergetool` creates `*.orig` backup files while resolving merges.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mktree.txt b/Documentation/git-mktree.txt
index 5c6ebdf..c3616e7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mktree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mktree.txt
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ OPTIONS
--batch::
Allow building of more than one tree object before exiting. Each
tree is separated by as single blank line. The final new-line is
- optional. Note - if the '-z' option is used, lines are terminated
+ optional. Note - if the `-z` option is used, lines are terminated
with NUL.
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mv.txt b/Documentation/git-mv.txt
index e453132..79449bf 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mv.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mv.txt
@@ -32,10 +32,10 @@ OPTIONS
--force::
Force renaming or moving of a file even if the target exists
-k::
- Skip move or rename actions which would lead to an error
+ Skip move or rename actions which would lead to an error
condition. An error happens when a source is neither existing nor
controlled by Git, or when it would overwrite an existing
- file unless '-f' is given.
+ file unless `-f` is given.
-n::
--dry-run::
Do nothing; only show what would happen
diff --git a/Documentation/git-notes.txt b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
index 9c4fd68..be7db30 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-notes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
@@ -152,7 +152,7 @@ OPTIONS
-c <object>::
--reedit-message=<object>::
- Like '-C', but with '-c' the editor is invoked, so that
+ Like '-C', but with `-c` the editor is invoked, so that
the user can further edit the note message.
--allow-empty::
@@ -161,7 +161,7 @@ OPTIONS
--ref <ref>::
Manipulate the notes tree in <ref>. This overrides
- 'GIT_NOTES_REF' and the "core.notesRef" configuration. The ref
+ `GIT_NOTES_REF` and the "core.notesRef" configuration. The ref
specifies the full refname when it begins with `refs/notes/`; when it
begins with `notes/`, `refs/` and otherwise `refs/notes/` is prefixed
to form a full name of the ref.
@@ -333,10 +333,10 @@ notes.<name>.mergeStrategy::
notes.displayRef::
Which ref (or refs, if a glob or specified more than once), in
addition to the default set by `core.notesRef` or
- 'GIT_NOTES_REF', to read notes from when showing commit
+ `GIT_NOTES_REF`, to read notes from when showing commit
messages with the 'git log' family of commands.
This setting can be overridden on the command line or by the
- 'GIT_NOTES_DISPLAY_REF' environment variable.
+ `GIT_NOTES_DISPLAY_REF` environment variable.
See linkgit:git-log[1].
notes.rewrite.<command>::
@@ -345,7 +345,7 @@ notes.rewrite.<command>::
notes from the original to the rewritten commit. Defaults to
`true`. See also "`notes.rewriteRef`" below.
+
-This setting can be overridden by the 'GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_REF'
+This setting can be overridden by the `GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_REF`
environment variable.
notes.rewriteMode::
@@ -366,33 +366,33 @@ notes.rewriteRef::
Does not have a default value; you must configure this variable to
enable note rewriting.
+
-Can be overridden with the 'GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_REF' environment variable.
+Can be overridden with the `GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_REF` environment variable.
ENVIRONMENT
-----------
-'GIT_NOTES_REF'::
+`GIT_NOTES_REF`::
Which ref to manipulate notes from, instead of `refs/notes/commits`.
This overrides the `core.notesRef` setting.
-'GIT_NOTES_DISPLAY_REF'::
+`GIT_NOTES_DISPLAY_REF`::
Colon-delimited list of refs or globs indicating which refs,
in addition to the default from `core.notesRef` or
- 'GIT_NOTES_REF', to read notes from when showing commit
+ `GIT_NOTES_REF`, to read notes from when showing commit
messages.
This overrides the `notes.displayRef` setting.
+
A warning will be issued for refs that do not exist, but a glob that
does not match any refs is silently ignored.
-'GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_MODE'::
+`GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_MODE`::
When copying notes during a rewrite, what to do if the target
commit already has a note.
Must be one of `overwrite`, `concatenate`, `cat_sort_uniq`, or `ignore`.
This overrides the `core.rewriteMode` setting.
-'GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_REF'::
+`GIT_NOTES_REWRITE_REF`::
When rewriting commits, which notes to copy from the original
to the rewritten commit. Must be a colon-delimited list of
refs or globs.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-p4.txt b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
index 35e3170..bae862d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-p4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
@@ -104,7 +104,7 @@ $ git p4 sync //path/in/your/perforce/depot
------------
This imports the specified depot into
'refs/remotes/p4/master' in an existing Git repository. The
-'--branch' option can be used to specify a different branch to
+`--branch` option can be used to specify a different branch to
be used for the p4 content.
If a Git repository includes branches 'refs/remotes/origin/p4', these
@@ -114,7 +114,7 @@ from a Git remote, this can be useful in a multi-developer environment.
If there are multiple branches, doing 'git p4 sync' will automatically
use the "BRANCH DETECTION" algorithm to try to partition new changes
-into the right branch. This can be overridden with the '--branch'
+into the right branch. This can be overridden with the `--branch`
option to specify just a single branch to update.
@@ -134,7 +134,7 @@ Submit
~~~~~~
Submitting changes from a Git repository back to the p4 repository
requires a separate p4 client workspace. This should be specified
-using the 'P4CLIENT' environment variable or the Git configuration
+using the `P4CLIENT` environment variable or the Git configuration
variable 'git-p4.client'. The p4 client must exist, but the client root
will be created and populated if it does not already exist.
@@ -150,10 +150,10 @@ $ git p4 submit topicbranch
------------
The upstream reference is generally 'refs/remotes/p4/master', but can
-be overridden using the '--origin=' command-line option.
+be overridden using the `--origin=` command-line option.
The p4 changes will be created as the user invoking 'git p4 submit'. The
-'--preserve-user' option will cause ownership to be modified
+`--preserve-user` option will cause ownership to be modified
according to the author of the Git commit. This option requires admin
privileges in p4, which can be granted using 'p4 protect'.
@@ -166,7 +166,7 @@ General options
All commands except clone accept these options.
--git-dir <dir>::
- Set the 'GIT_DIR' environment variable. See linkgit:git[1].
+ Set the `GIT_DIR` environment variable. See linkgit:git[1].
-v::
--verbose::
@@ -221,7 +221,7 @@ Git repository:
where they will be treated as remote-tracking branches by
linkgit:git-branch[1] and other commands. This option instead
puts p4 branches in 'refs/heads/p4/'. Note that future
- sync operations must specify '--import-local' as well so that
+ sync operations must specify `--import-local` as well so that
they can find the p4 branches in refs/heads.
--max-changes <n>::
@@ -245,7 +245,7 @@ Git repository:
default, involves removing the entire depot path. With this
option, the full p4 depot path is retained in Git. For example,
path '//depot/main/foo/bar.c', when imported from
- '//depot/main/', becomes 'foo/bar.c'. With '--keep-path', the
+ '//depot/main/', becomes 'foo/bar.c'. With `--keep-path`, the
Git path is instead 'depot/main/foo/bar.c'.
--use-client-spec::
@@ -275,7 +275,7 @@ These options can be used to modify 'git p4 submit' behavior.
--origin <commit>::
Upstream location from which commits are identified to submit to
p4. By default, this is the most recent p4 commit reachable
- from 'HEAD'.
+ from `HEAD`.
-M::
Detect renames. See linkgit:git-diff[1]. Renames will be
@@ -303,6 +303,15 @@ These options can be used to modify 'git p4 submit' behavior.
submit manually or revert. This option always stops after the
first (oldest) commit. Git tags are not exported to p4.
+--shelve::
+ Instead of submitting create a series of shelved changelists.
+ After creating each shelve, the relevant files are reverted/deleted.
+ If you have multiple commits pending multiple shelves will be created.
+
+--update-shelve CHANGELIST::
+ Update an existing shelved changelist with this commit. Implies
+ --shelve.
+
--conflict=(ask|skip|quit)::
Conflicts can occur when applying a commit to p4. When this
happens, the default behavior ("ask") is to prompt whether to
@@ -341,7 +350,7 @@ p4 revision specifier on the end:
Import all changes from both named depot paths into a single
repository. Only files below these directories are included.
There is not a subdirectory in Git for each "proj1" and "proj2".
- You must use the '--destination' option when specifying more
+ You must use the `--destination` option when specifying more
than one depot path. The revision specifier must be specified
identically on each depot path. If there are files in the
depot paths with the same name, the path with the most recently
@@ -355,7 +364,7 @@ CLIENT SPEC
The p4 client specification is maintained with the 'p4 client' command
and contains among other fields, a View that specifies how the depot
is mapped into the client repository. The 'clone' and 'sync' commands
-can consult the client spec when given the '--use-client-spec' option or
+can consult the client spec when given the `--use-client-spec` option or
when the useClientSpec variable is true. After 'git p4 clone', the
useClientSpec variable is automatically set in the repository
configuration file. This allows future 'git p4 submit' commands to
@@ -390,7 +399,7 @@ different areas in the tree, and indicate related content. 'git p4'
can use these mappings to determine branch relationships.
If you have a repository where all the branches of interest exist as
-subdirectories of a single depot path, you can use '--detect-branches'
+subdirectories of a single depot path, you can use `--detect-branches`
when cloning or syncing to have 'git p4' automatically find
subdirectories in p4, and to generate these as branches in Git.
@@ -467,6 +476,10 @@ git-p4.client::
Client specified as an option to all p4 commands, with
'-c <client>', including the client spec.
+git-p4.retries::
+ Specifies the number of times to retry a p4 command (notably,
+ 'p4 sync') if the network times out. The default value is 3.
+
Clone and sync variables
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
git-p4.syncFromOrigin::
@@ -507,7 +520,7 @@ git-p4.labelImportRegexp::
git-p4.useClientSpec::
Specify that the p4 client spec should be used to identify p4
depot paths of interest. This is equivalent to specifying the
- option '--use-client-spec'. See the "CLIENT SPEC" section above.
+ option `--use-client-spec`. See the "CLIENT SPEC" section above.
This variable is a boolean, not the name of a p4 client.
git-p4.pathEncoding::
@@ -551,6 +564,17 @@ git-p4.keepEmptyCommits::
A changelist that contains only excluded files will be imported
as an empty commit if this boolean option is set to true.
+git-p4.mapUser::
+ Map a P4 user to a name and email address in Git. Use a string
+ with the following format to create a mapping:
++
+-------------
+git config --add git-p4.mapUser "p4user = First Last <mail@address.com>"
+-------------
++
+A mapping will override any user information from P4. Mappings for
+multiple P4 user can be defined.
+
Submit variables
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
git-p4.detectRenames::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
index 19cdcd0..8973510 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
@@ -104,8 +104,8 @@ base-name::
out of memory with a large window, but still be able to take
advantage of the large window for the smaller objects. The
size can be suffixed with "k", "m", or "g".
- `--window-memory=0` makes memory usage unlimited, which is the
- default.
+ `--window-memory=0` makes memory usage unlimited. The default
+ is taken from the `pack.windowMemory` configuration variable.
--max-pack-size=<n>::
Maximum size of each output pack file. The size can be suffixed with
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
index 0773c84..4470e4b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pull.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
@@ -128,6 +128,15 @@ unless you have read linkgit:git-rebase[1] carefully.
--no-rebase::
Override earlier --rebase.
+--autostash::
+--no-autostash::
+ Before starting rebase, stash local modifications away (see
+ linkgit:git-stash[1]) if needed, and apply the stash when
+ done. `--no-autostash` is useful to override the `rebase.autoStash`
+ configuration variable (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
++
+This option is only valid when "--rebase" is used.
+
Options related to fetching
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
diff --git a/Documentation/git-push.txt b/Documentation/git-push.txt
index 8234136..8eefabd 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-push.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-push.txt
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[verse]
'git push' [--all | --mirror | --tags] [--follow-tags] [--atomic] [-n | --dry-run] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
[--repo=<repository>] [-f | --force] [-d | --delete] [--prune] [-v | --verbose]
- [-u | --set-upstream]
+ [-u | --set-upstream] [--push-option=<string>]
[--[no-]signed|--sign=(true|false|if-asked)]
[--force-with-lease[=<refname>[:<expect>]]]
[--no-verify] [<repository> [<refspec>...]]
@@ -137,8 +137,8 @@ already exists on the remote side.
and also push annotated tags in `refs/tags` that are missing
from the remote but are pointing at commit-ish that are
reachable from the refs being pushed. This can also be specified
- with configuration variable 'push.followTags'. For more
- information, see 'push.followTags' in linkgit:git-config[1].
+ with configuration variable `push.followTags`. For more
+ information, see `push.followTags` in linkgit:git-config[1].
--[no-]signed::
--sign=(true|false|if-asked)::
@@ -156,6 +156,12 @@ already exists on the remote side.
Either all refs are updated, or on error, no refs are updated.
If the server does not support atomic pushes the push will fail.
+-o::
+--push-option::
+ Transmit the given string to the server, which passes them to
+ the pre-receive as well as the post-receive hook. The given string
+ must not contain a NUL or LF character.
+
--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>::
--exec=<git-receive-pack>::
Path to the 'git-receive-pack' program on the remote
@@ -198,10 +204,11 @@ branch we have for it.
+
`--force-with-lease=<refname>:<expect>` will protect the named ref (alone),
if it is going to be updated, by requiring its current value to be
-the same as the specified value <expect> (which is allowed to be
+the same as the specified value `<expect>` (which is allowed to be
different from the remote-tracking branch we have for the refname,
or we do not even have to have such a remote-tracking branch when
-this form is used).
+this form is used). If `<expect>` is the empty string, then the named ref
+must not already exist.
+
Note that all forms other than `--force-with-lease=<refname>:<expect>`
that specifies the expected current value of the ref explicitly are
@@ -240,7 +247,7 @@ origin +master` to force a push to the `master` branch). See the
For every branch that is up to date or successfully pushed, add
upstream (tracking) reference, used by argument-less
linkgit:git-pull[1] and other commands. For more information,
- see 'branch.<name>.merge' in linkgit:git-config[1].
+ see `branch.<name>.merge` in linkgit:git-config[1].
--[no-]thin::
These options are passed to linkgit:git-send-pack[1]. A thin transfer
@@ -275,7 +282,7 @@ origin +master` to force a push to the `master` branch). See the
all submodules that changed in the revisions to be pushed will be
pushed. If on-demand was not able to push all necessary revisions
it will also be aborted and exit with non-zero status. A value of
- 'no' or using '--no-recurse-submodules' can be used to override the
+ 'no' or using `--no-recurse-submodules` can be used to override the
push.recurseSubmodules configuration variable when no submodule
recursion is required.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt b/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
index ff633b0..8cf952b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
@@ -46,14 +46,14 @@ OPTIONS
The directory to find the quilt patches.
+
The default for the patch directory is patches
-or the value of the $QUILT_PATCHES environment
+or the value of the `$QUILT_PATCHES` environment
variable.
--series <file>::
The quilt series file.
+
The default for the series file is <patches>/series
-or the value of the $QUILT_SERIES environment
+or the value of the `$QUILT_SERIES` environment
variable.
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
index 6ed610a..67d48e6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[<upstream> [<branch>]]
'git rebase' [-i | --interactive] [options] [--exec <cmd>] [--onto <newbase>]
--root [<branch>]
-'git rebase' --continue | --skip | --abort | --edit-todo
+'git rebase' --continue | --skip | --abort | --quit | --edit-todo
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -208,10 +208,10 @@ rebase.stat::
rebase. False by default.
rebase.autoSquash::
- If set to true enable '--autosquash' option by default.
+ If set to true enable `--autosquash` option by default.
rebase.autoStash::
- If set to true enable '--autostash' option by default.
+ If set to true enable `--autostash` option by default.
rebase.missingCommitsCheck::
If set to "warn", print warnings about removed commits in
@@ -220,7 +220,7 @@ rebase.missingCommitsCheck::
done. "ignore" by default.
rebase.instructionFormat::
- Custom commit list format to use during an '--interactive' rebase.
+ Custom commit list format to use during an `--interactive` rebase.
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -252,6 +252,11 @@ leave out at most one of A and B, in which case it defaults to HEAD.
will be reset to where it was when the rebase operation was
started.
+--quit::
+ Abort the rebase operation but HEAD is not reset back to the
+ original branch. The index and working tree are also left
+ unchanged as a result.
+
--keep-empty::
Keep the commits that do not change anything from its
parents in the result.
@@ -391,9 +396,6 @@ idea unless you know what you are doing (see BUGS below).
final history. <cmd> will be interpreted as one or more shell
commands.
+
-This option can only be used with the `--interactive` option
-(see INTERACTIVE MODE below).
-+
You may execute several commands by either using one instance of `--exec`
with several commands:
+
@@ -406,6 +408,9 @@ or by giving more than one `--exec`:
If `--autosquash` is used, "exec" lines will not be appended for
the intermediate commits, and will only appear at the end of each
squash/fixup series.
++
+This uses the `--interactive` machinery internally, but it can be run
+without an explicit `--interactive`.
--root::
Rebase all commits reachable from <branch>, instead of
@@ -428,9 +433,9 @@ squash/fixup series.
"fixup! " or "squash! " after the first, in case you referred to an
earlier fixup/squash with `git commit --fixup/--squash`.
+
-This option is only valid when the '--interactive' option is used.
+This option is only valid when the `--interactive` option is used.
+
-If the '--autosquash' option is enabled by default using the
+If the `--autosquash` option is enabled by default using the
configuration variable `rebase.autoSquash`, this option can be
used to override and disable this setting.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
index 000ee8d..0ccd5fb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
@@ -33,6 +33,9 @@ post-update hooks found in the Documentation/howto directory.
option, which tells it if updates to a ref should be denied if they
are not fast-forwards.
+A number of other receive.* config options are available to tweak
+its behavior, see linkgit:git-config[1].
+
OPTIONS
-------
<directory>::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt b/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
index e700baf..80afca8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@ fetch, push or archive.
If only <infd> is given, it is assumed to be a bidirectional socket connected
to remote Git server (git-upload-pack, git-receive-pack or
-git-upload-achive). If both <infd> and <outfd> are given, they are assumed
+git-upload-archive). If both <infd> and <outfd> are given, they are assumed
to be pipes connected to a remote Git server (<infd> being the inbound pipe
and <outfd> being the outbound pipe.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
index 1d7ecea..577b969 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
@@ -137,9 +137,9 @@ branches, adds to that list.
Retrieves the URLs for a remote. Configurations for `insteadOf` and
`pushInsteadOf` are expanded here. By default, only the first URL is listed.
+
-With '--push', push URLs are queried rather than fetch URLs.
+With `--push`, push URLs are queried rather than fetch URLs.
+
-With '--all', all URLs for the remote will be listed.
+With `--all`, all URLs for the remote will be listed.
'set-url'::
@@ -147,11 +147,11 @@ Changes URLs for the remote. Sets first URL for remote <name> that matches
regex <oldurl> (first URL if no <oldurl> is given) to <newurl>. If
<oldurl> doesn't match any URL, an error occurs and nothing is changed.
+
-With '--push', push URLs are manipulated instead of fetch URLs.
+With `--push`, push URLs are manipulated instead of fetch URLs.
+
-With '--add', instead of changing existing URLs, new URL is added.
+With `--add`, instead of changing existing URLs, new URL is added.
+
-With '--delete', instead of changing existing URLs, all URLs matching
+With `--delete`, instead of changing existing URLs, all URLs matching
regex <url> are deleted for remote <name>. Trying to delete all
non-push URLs is an error.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-repack.txt b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
index b9c02ce..26afe6e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-repack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ OPTIONS
pack everything referenced into a single pack.
Especially useful when packing a repository that is used
for private development. Use
- with '-d'. This will clean up the objects that `git prune`
+ with `-d`. This will clean up the objects that `git prune`
leaves behind, but `git fsck --full --dangling` shows as
dangling.
+
@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ whole new pack in order to get any contained object, no matter how many
other objects in that pack they already have locally.
-A::
- Same as `-a`, unless '-d' is used. Then any unreachable
+ Same as `-a`, unless `-d` is used. Then any unreachable
objects in a previous pack become loose, unpacked objects,
instead of being left in the old pack. Unreachable objects
are never intentionally added to a pack, even when repacking.
@@ -100,8 +100,10 @@ other objects in that pack they already have locally.
out of memory with a large window, but still be able to take
advantage of the large window for the smaller objects. The
size can be suffixed with "k", "m", or "g".
- `--window-memory=0` makes memory usage unlimited, which is the
- default.
+ `--window-memory=0` makes memory usage unlimited. The default
+ is taken from the `pack.windowMemory` configuration variable.
+ Note that the actual memory usage will be the limit multiplied
+ by the number of threads used by linkgit:git-pack-objects[1].
--max-pack-size=<n>::
Maximum size of each output pack file. The size can be suffixed with
@@ -128,6 +130,19 @@ other objects in that pack they already have locally.
with `-b` or `repack.writeBitmaps`, as it ensures that the
bitmapped packfile has the necessary objects.
+--unpack-unreachable=<when>::
+ When loosening unreachable objects, do not bother loosening any
+ objects older than `<when>`. This can be used to optimize out
+ the write of any objects that would be immediately pruned by
+ a follow-up `git prune`.
+
+-k::
+--keep-unreachable::
+ When used with `-ad`, any unreachable objects from existing
+ packs will be appended to the end of the packfile instead of
+ being removed. In addition, any unreachable loose objects will
+ be packed (and their loose counterparts removed).
+
Configuration
-------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-replace.txt b/Documentation/git-replace.txt
index 8fff598..e5c57ae 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-replace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-replace.txt
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ $ git cat-file commit foo
shows information about commit 'bar'.
-The 'GIT_NO_REPLACE_OBJECTS' environment variable can be set to
+The `GIT_NO_REPLACE_OBJECTS` environment variable can be set to
achieve the same effect as the `--no-replace-objects` option.
OPTIONS
diff --git a/Documentation/git-revert.txt b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
index 573616a..837707a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-revert.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ from the HEAD commit).
Note: 'git revert' is used to record some new commits to reverse the
effect of some earlier commits (often only a faulty one). If you want to
throw away all uncommitted changes in your working directory, you
-should see linkgit:git-reset[1], particularly the '--hard' option. If
+should see linkgit:git-reset[1], particularly the `--hard` option. If
you want to extract specific files as they were in another commit, you
should see linkgit:git-checkout[1], specifically the `git checkout
<commit> -- <filename>` syntax. Take care with these alternatives as
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ OPTIONS
For a more complete list of ways to spell commit names, see
linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
Sets of commits can also be given but no traversal is done by
- default, see linkgit:git-rev-list[1] and its '--no-walk'
+ default, see linkgit:git-rev-list[1] and its `--no-walk`
option.
-e::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
index 771a7b5..642d0ef 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
@@ -47,18 +47,18 @@ Composing
--annotate::
Review and edit each patch you're about to send. Default is the value
- of 'sendemail.annotate'. See the CONFIGURATION section for
- 'sendemail.multiEdit'.
+ of `sendemail.annotate`. See the CONFIGURATION section for
+ `sendemail.multiEdit`.
--bcc=<address>,...::
Specify a "Bcc:" value for each email. Default is the value of
- 'sendemail.bcc'.
+ `sendemail.bcc`.
+
This option may be specified multiple times.
--cc=<address>,...::
Specify a starting "Cc:" value for each email.
- Default is the value of 'sendemail.cc'.
+ Default is the value of `sendemail.cc`.
+
This option may be specified multiple times.
@@ -66,7 +66,7 @@ This option may be specified multiple times.
Invoke a text editor (see GIT_EDITOR in linkgit:git-var[1])
to edit an introductory message for the patch series.
+
-When '--compose' is used, git send-email will use the From, Subject, and
+When `--compose` is used, git send-email will use the From, Subject, and
In-Reply-To headers specified in the message. If the body of the message
(what you type after the headers and a blank line) only contains blank
(or Git: prefixed) lines, the summary won't be sent, but From, Subject,
@@ -74,12 +74,12 @@ and In-Reply-To headers will be used unless they are removed.
+
Missing From or In-Reply-To headers will be prompted for.
+
-See the CONFIGURATION section for 'sendemail.multiEdit'.
+See the CONFIGURATION section for `sendemail.multiEdit`.
--from=<address>::
Specify the sender of the emails. If not specified on the command line,
- the value of the 'sendemail.from' configuration option is used. If
- neither the command-line option nor 'sendemail.from' are set, then the
+ the value of the `sendemail.from` configuration option is used. If
+ neither the command-line option nor `sendemail.from` are set, then the
user will be prompted for the value. The default for the prompt will be
the value of GIT_AUTHOR_IDENT, or GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT if that is not
set, as returned by "git var -l".
@@ -114,7 +114,7 @@ is not set, this will be prompted for.
--to=<address>,...::
Specify the primary recipient of the emails generated. Generally, this
will be the upstream maintainer of the project involved. Default is the
- value of the 'sendemail.to' configuration value; if that is unspecified,
+ value of the `sendemail.to` configuration value; if that is unspecified,
and --to-cmd is not specified, this will be prompted for.
+
This option may be specified multiple times.
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ Note that no attempts whatsoever are made to validate the encoding.
can be useful when the repository contains files that contain carriage
returns, but makes the raw patch email file (as saved from a MUA) much
harder to inspect manually. base64 is even more fool proof, but also
- even more opaque. Default is the value of the 'sendemail.transferEncoding'
+ even more opaque. Default is the value of the `sendemail.transferEncoding`
configuration value; if that is unspecified, git will use 8bit and not
add a Content-Transfer-Encoding header.
@@ -157,20 +157,20 @@ Sending
subscribed to a list. In order to use the 'From' address, set the
value to "auto". If you use the sendmail binary, you must have
suitable privileges for the -f parameter. Default is the value of the
- 'sendemail.envelopeSender' configuration variable; if that is
+ `sendemail.envelopeSender` configuration variable; if that is
unspecified, choosing the envelope sender is left to your MTA.
--smtp-encryption=<encryption>::
Specify the encryption to use, either 'ssl' or 'tls'. Any other
value reverts to plain SMTP. Default is the value of
- 'sendemail.smtpEncryption'.
+ `sendemail.smtpEncryption`.
--smtp-domain=<FQDN>::
Specifies the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) used in the
HELO/EHLO command to the SMTP server. Some servers require the
FQDN to match your IP address. If not set, git send-email attempts
to determine your FQDN automatically. Default is the value of
- 'sendemail.smtpDomain'.
+ `sendemail.smtpDomain`.
--smtp-auth=<mechanisms>::
Whitespace-separated list of allowed SMTP-AUTH mechanisms. This setting
@@ -182,19 +182,19 @@ $ git send-email --smtp-auth="PLAIN LOGIN GSSAPI" ...
+
If at least one of the specified mechanisms matches the ones advertised by the
SMTP server and if it is supported by the utilized SASL library, the mechanism
-is used for authentication. If neither 'sendemail.smtpAuth' nor '--smtp-auth'
+is used for authentication. If neither 'sendemail.smtpAuth' nor `--smtp-auth`
is specified, all mechanisms supported by the SASL library can be used.
--smtp-pass[=<password>]::
Password for SMTP-AUTH. The argument is optional: If no
argument is specified, then the empty string is used as
- the password. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpPass',
- however '--smtp-pass' always overrides this value.
+ the password. Default is the value of `sendemail.smtpPass`,
+ however `--smtp-pass` always overrides this value.
+
Furthermore, passwords need not be specified in configuration files
or on the command line. If a username has been specified (with
-'--smtp-user' or a 'sendemail.smtpUser'), but no password has been
-specified (with '--smtp-pass' or 'sendemail.smtpPass'), then
+`--smtp-user` or a `sendemail.smtpUser`), but no password has been
+specified (with `--smtp-pass` or `sendemail.smtpPass`), then
a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
--smtp-server=<host>::
@@ -202,7 +202,7 @@ a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
`smtp.example.com` or a raw IP address). Alternatively it can
specify a full pathname of a sendmail-like program instead;
the program must support the `-i` option. Default value can
- be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpServer' configuration
+ be specified by the `sendemail.smtpServer` configuration
option; the built-in default is `/usr/sbin/sendmail` or
`/usr/lib/sendmail` if such program is available, or
`localhost` otherwise.
@@ -213,11 +213,11 @@ a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
submission port 587, or the common SSL smtp port 465);
symbolic port names (e.g. "submission" instead of 587)
are also accepted. The port can also be set with the
- 'sendemail.smtpServerPort' configuration variable.
+ `sendemail.smtpServerPort` configuration variable.
--smtp-server-option=<option>::
If set, specifies the outgoing SMTP server option to use.
- Default value can be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpServerOption'
+ Default value can be specified by the `sendemail.smtpServerOption`
configuration option.
+
The --smtp-server-option option must be repeated for each option you want
@@ -234,13 +234,13 @@ must be used for each option.
certificates concatenated together: see verify(1) -CAfile and
-CApath for more information on these). Set it to an empty string
to disable certificate verification. Defaults to the value of the
- 'sendemail.smtpsslcertpath' configuration variable, if set, or the
+ `sendemail.smtpsslcertpath` configuration variable, if set, or the
backing SSL library's compiled-in default otherwise (which should
be the best choice on most platforms).
--smtp-user=<user>::
- Username for SMTP-AUTH. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpUser';
- if a username is not specified (with '--smtp-user' or 'sendemail.smtpUser'),
+ Username for SMTP-AUTH. Default is the value of `sendemail.smtpUser`;
+ if a username is not specified (with `--smtp-user` or `sendemail.smtpUser`),
then authentication is not attempted.
--smtp-debug=0|1::
@@ -261,25 +261,25 @@ Automating
Specify a command to execute once per patch file which
should generate patch file specific "Cc:" entries.
Output of this command must be single email address per line.
- Default is the value of 'sendemail.ccCmd' configuration value.
+ Default is the value of `sendemail.ccCmd` configuration value.
--[no-]chain-reply-to::
If this is set, each email will be sent as a reply to the previous
email sent. If disabled with "--no-chain-reply-to", all emails after
the first will be sent as replies to the first email sent. When using
this, it is recommended that the first file given be an overview of the
- entire patch series. Disabled by default, but the 'sendemail.chainReplyTo'
+ entire patch series. Disabled by default, but the `sendemail.chainReplyTo`
configuration variable can be used to enable it.
--identity=<identity>::
A configuration identity. When given, causes values in the
'sendemail.<identity>' subsection to take precedence over
values in the 'sendemail' section. The default identity is
- the value of 'sendemail.identity'.
+ the value of `sendemail.identity`.
--[no-]signed-off-by-cc::
If this is set, add emails found in Signed-off-by: or Cc: lines to the
- cc list. Default is the value of 'sendemail.signedoffbycc' configuration
+ cc list. Default is the value of `sendemail.signedoffbycc` configuration
value; if that is unspecified, default to --signed-off-by-cc.
--[no-]cc-cover::
@@ -312,13 +312,13 @@ Automating
- 'all' will suppress all auto cc values.
--
+
-Default is the value of 'sendemail.suppresscc' configuration value; if
+Default is the value of `sendemail.suppresscc` configuration value; if
that is unspecified, default to 'self' if --suppress-from is
specified, as well as 'body' if --no-signed-off-cc is specified.
--[no-]suppress-from::
If this is set, do not add the From: address to the cc: list.
- Default is the value of 'sendemail.suppressFrom' configuration
+ Default is the value of `sendemail.suppressFrom` configuration
value; if that is unspecified, default to --no-suppress-from.
--[no-]thread::
@@ -330,7 +330,7 @@ specified, as well as 'body' if --no-signed-off-cc is specified.
+
If disabled with "--no-thread", those headers will not be added
(unless specified with --in-reply-to). Default is the value of the
-'sendemail.thread' configuration value; if that is unspecified,
+`sendemail.thread` configuration value; if that is unspecified,
default to --thread.
+
It is up to the user to ensure that no In-Reply-To header already
@@ -355,7 +355,7 @@ Administering
- 'auto' is equivalent to 'cc' + 'compose'
--
+
-Default is the value of 'sendemail.confirm' configuration value; if that
+Default is the value of `sendemail.confirm` configuration value; if that
is unspecified, default to 'auto' unless any of the suppress options
have been specified, in which case default to 'compose'.
@@ -364,8 +364,8 @@ have been specified, in which case default to 'compose'.
--[no-]format-patch::
When an argument may be understood either as a reference or as a file name,
- choose to understand it as a format-patch argument ('--format-patch')
- or as a file name ('--no-format-patch'). By default, when such a conflict
+ choose to understand it as a format-patch argument (`--format-patch`)
+ or as a file name (`--no-format-patch`). By default, when such a conflict
occurs, git send-email will fail.
--quiet::
@@ -381,8 +381,8 @@ have been specified, in which case default to 'compose'.
is due to SMTP limits as described by http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2821.txt.
--
+
-Default is the value of 'sendemail.validate'; if this is not set,
-default to '--validate'.
+Default is the value of `sendemail.validate`; if this is not set,
+default to `--validate`.
--force::
Send emails even if safety checks would prevent it.
@@ -403,7 +403,7 @@ CONFIGURATION
sendemail.aliasesFile::
To avoid typing long email addresses, point this to one or more
- email aliases files. You must also supply 'sendemail.aliasFileType'.
+ email aliases files. You must also supply `sendemail.aliasFileType`.
sendemail.aliasFileType::
Format of the file(s) specified in sendemail.aliasesFile. Must be
@@ -428,13 +428,13 @@ sendmail;;
sendemail.multiEdit::
If true (default), a single editor instance will be spawned to edit
- files you have to edit (patches when '--annotate' is used, and the
- summary when '--compose' is used). If false, files will be edited one
+ files you have to edit (patches when `--annotate` is used, and the
+ summary when `--compose` is used). If false, files will be edited one
after the other, spawning a new editor each time.
sendemail.confirm::
Sets the default for whether to confirm before sending. Must be
- one of 'always', 'never', 'cc', 'compose', or 'auto'. See '--confirm'
+ one of 'always', 'never', 'cc', 'compose', or 'auto'. See `--confirm`
in the previous section for the meaning of these values.
EXAMPLE
@@ -450,6 +450,19 @@ edit ~/.gitconfig to specify your account settings:
smtpUser = yourname@gmail.com
smtpServerPort = 587
+If you have multifactor authentication setup on your gmail account, you will
+need to generate an app-specific password for use with 'git send-email'. Visit
+https://security.google.com/settings/security/apppasswords to setup an
+app-specific password. Once setup, you can store it with the credentials
+helper:
+
+ $ git credential fill
+ protocol=smtp
+ host=smtp.gmail.com
+ username=youname@gmail.com
+ password=app-password
+
+
Once your commits are ready to be sent to the mailing list, run the
following commands:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
index 6aa91e8..a831dd0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ OPTIONS
option, then the refs from stdin are processed after those
on the command line.
+
-If '--stateless-rpc' is specified together with this option then
+If `--stateless-rpc` is specified together with this option then
the list of refs must be in packet format (pkt-line). Each ref must
be in a separate packet, and the list must end with a flush packet.
@@ -99,11 +99,11 @@ Specifying the Refs
There are three ways to specify which refs to update on the
remote end.
-With '--all' flag, all refs that exist locally are transferred to
+With `--all` flag, all refs that exist locally are transferred to
the remote side. You cannot specify any '<ref>' if you use
this flag.
-Without '--all' and without any '<ref>', the heads that exist
+Without `--all` and without any '<ref>', the heads that exist
both on the local side and on the remote side are updated.
When one or more '<ref>' are specified explicitly (whether on the
@@ -134,13 +134,13 @@ name. See linkgit:git-rev-parse[1].
exist in the set of remote refs; the ref matched <src>
locally is used as the name of the destination.
-Without '--force', the <src> ref is stored at the remote only if
+Without `--force`, the <src> ref is stored at the remote only if
<dst> does not exist, or <dst> is a proper subset (i.e. an
ancestor) of <src>. This check, known as "fast-forward check",
is performed in order to avoid accidentally overwriting the
remote ref and lose other peoples' commits from there.
-With '--force', the fast-forward check is disabled for all refs.
+With `--force`, the fast-forward check is disabled for all refs.
Optionally, a <ref> parameter can be prefixed with a plus '+' sign
to disable the fast-forward check only on that ref.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
index 4f67c4c..8632612 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
@@ -41,7 +41,7 @@ usage::
die with the usage message.
set_reflog_action::
- Set GIT_REFLOG_ACTION environment to a given string (typically
+ Set `GIT_REFLOG_ACTION` environment to a given string (typically
the name of the program) unless it is already set. Whenever
the script runs a `git` command that updates refs, a reflog
entry is created using the value of this string to leave the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-shell.txt b/Documentation/git-shell.txt
index e4bdd22..2e30a3e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-shell.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-shell.txt
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ named `git-shell-commands` in the user's home directory.
COMMANDS
--------
-'git shell' accepts the following commands after the '-c' option:
+'git shell' accepts the following commands after the `-c` option:
'git receive-pack <argument>'::
'git upload-pack <argument>'::
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ directory.
INTERACTIVE USE
---------------
-By default, the commands above can be executed only with the '-c'
+By default, the commands above can be executed only with the `-c`
option; the shell is not interactive.
If a `~/git-shell-commands` directory is present, 'git shell'
diff --git a/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt b/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
index 31af7f2..ee6c547 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
@@ -47,6 +47,10 @@ OPTIONS
Each pretty-printed commit will be rewrapped before it is shown.
+-c::
+--committer::
+ Collect and show committer identities instead of authors.
+
-w[<width>[,<indent1>[,<indent2>]]]::
Linewrap the output by wrapping each line at `width`. The first
line of each entry is indented by `indent1` spaces, and the second
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
index b91d4e5..7818e0f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ OPTIONS
are shown before their parents).
--date-order::
- This option is similar to '--topo-order' in the sense that no
+ This option is similar to `--topo-order` in the sense that no
parent comes before all of its children, but otherwise commits
are ordered according to their commit date.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
index 3a32451..c0aa871 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ OPTIONS
Enable stricter reference checking by requiring an exact ref path.
Aside from returning an error code of 1, it will also print an error
- message if '--quiet' was not specified.
+ message if `--quiet` was not specified.
--abbrev[=<n>]::
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ OPTIONS
-q::
--quiet::
- Do not print any results to stdout. When combined with '--verify' this
+ Do not print any results to stdout. When combined with `--verify` this
can be used to silently check if a reference exists.
--exclude-existing[=<pattern>]::
@@ -134,7 +134,7 @@ use:
This will show "refs/heads/master" but also "refs/remote/other-repo/master",
if such references exists.
-When using the '--verify' flag, the command requires an exact path:
+When using the `--verify` flag, the command requires an exact path:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
git show-ref --verify refs/heads/master
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stash.txt b/Documentation/git-stash.txt
index 92df596..2e9cef0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stash.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stash.txt
@@ -39,7 +39,8 @@ The latest stash you created is stored in `refs/stash`; older
stashes are found in the reflog of this reference and can be named using
the usual reflog syntax (e.g. `stash@{0}` is the most recently
created stash, `stash@{1}` is the one before it, `stash@{2.hours.ago}`
-is also possible).
+is also possible). Stashes may also be referenced by specifying just the
+stash index (e.g. the integer `n` is equivalent to `stash@{n}`).
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-status.txt b/Documentation/git-status.txt
index e1e8f57..725065e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-status.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-status.txt
@@ -32,11 +32,14 @@ OPTIONS
--branch::
Show the branch and tracking info even in short-format.
---porcelain::
+--porcelain[=<version>]::
Give the output in an easy-to-parse format for scripts.
This is similar to the short output, but will remain stable
across Git versions and regardless of user configuration. See
below for details.
++
+The version parameter is used to specify the format version.
+This is optional and defaults to the original version 'v1' format.
--long::
Give the output in the long-format. This is the default.
@@ -96,7 +99,7 @@ configuration variable documented in linkgit:git-config[1].
-z::
Terminate entries with NUL, instead of LF. This implies
- the `--porcelain` output format if no other format is given.
+ the `--porcelain=v1` output format if no other format is given.
--column[=<options>]::
--no-column::
@@ -180,12 +183,12 @@ in which case `XY` are `!!`.
If -b is used the short-format status is preceded by a line
-## branchname tracking info
+ ## branchname tracking info
-Porcelain Format
-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+Porcelain Format Version 1
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-The porcelain format is similar to the short format, but is guaranteed
+Version 1 porcelain format is similar to the short format, but is guaranteed
not to change in a backwards-incompatible way between Git versions or
based on user configuration. This makes it ideal for parsing by scripts.
The description of the short format above also describes the porcelain
@@ -207,6 +210,124 @@ field from the first filename). Third, filenames containing special
characters are not specially formatted; no quoting or
backslash-escaping is performed.
+Porcelain Format Version 2
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Version 2 format adds more detailed information about the state of
+the worktree and changed items. Version 2 also defines an extensible
+set of easy to parse optional headers.
+
+Header lines start with "#" and are added in response to specific
+command line arguments. Parsers should ignore headers they
+don't recognize.
+
+### Branch Headers
+
+If `--branch` is given, a series of header lines are printed with
+information about the current branch.
+
+ Line Notes
+ ------------------------------------------------------------
+ # branch.oid <commit> | (initial) Current commit.
+ # branch.head <branch> | (detached) Current branch.
+ # branch.upstream <upstream_branch> If upstream is set.
+ # branch.ab +<ahead> -<behind> If upstream is set and
+ the commit is present.
+ ------------------------------------------------------------
+
+### Changed Tracked Entries
+
+Following the headers, a series of lines are printed for tracked
+entries. One of three different line formats may be used to describe
+an entry depending on the type of change. Tracked entries are printed
+in an undefined order; parsers should allow for a mixture of the 3
+line types in any order.
+
+Ordinary changed entries have the following format:
+
+ 1 <XY> <sub> <mH> <mI> <mW> <hH> <hI> <path>
+
+Renamed or copied entries have the following format:
+
+ 2 <XY> <sub> <mH> <mI> <mW> <hH> <hI> <X><score> <path><sep><origPath>
+
+ Field Meaning
+ --------------------------------------------------------
+ <XY> A 2 character field containing the staged and
+ unstaged XY values described in the short format,
+ with unchanged indicated by a "." rather than
+ a space.
+ <sub> A 4 character field describing the submodule state.
+ "N..." when the entry is not a submodule.
+ "S<c><m><u>" when the entry is a submodule.
+ <c> is "C" if the commit changed; otherwise ".".
+ <m> is "M" if it has tracked changes; otherwise ".".
+ <u> is "U" if there are untracked changes; otherwise ".".
+ <mH> The octal file mode in HEAD.
+ <mI> The octal file mode in the index.
+ <mW> The octal file mode in the worktree.
+ <hH> The object name in HEAD.
+ <hI> The object name in the index.
+ <X><score> The rename or copy score (denoting the percentage
+ of similarity between the source and target of the
+ move or copy). For example "R100" or "C75".
+ <path> The pathname. In a renamed/copied entry, this
+ is the path in the index and in the working tree.
+ <sep> When the `-z` option is used, the 2 pathnames are separated
+ with a NUL (ASCII 0x00) byte; otherwise, a tab (ASCII 0x09)
+ byte separates them.
+ <origPath> The pathname in the commit at HEAD. This is only
+ present in a renamed/copied entry, and tells
+ where the renamed/copied contents came from.
+ --------------------------------------------------------
+
+Unmerged entries have the following format; the first character is
+a "u" to distinguish from ordinary changed entries.
+
+ u <xy> <sub> <m1> <m2> <m3> <mW> <h1> <h2> <h3> <path>
+
+ Field Meaning
+ --------------------------------------------------------
+ <XY> A 2 character field describing the conflict type
+ as described in the short format.
+ <sub> A 4 character field describing the submodule state
+ as described above.
+ <m1> The octal file mode in stage 1.
+ <m2> The octal file mode in stage 2.
+ <m3> The octal file mode in stage 3.
+ <mW> The octal file mode in the worktree.
+ <h1> The object name in stage 1.
+ <h2> The object name in stage 2.
+ <h3> The object name in stage 3.
+ <path> The pathname.
+ --------------------------------------------------------
+
+### Other Items
+
+Following the tracked entries (and if requested), a series of
+lines will be printed for untracked and then ignored items
+found in the worktree.
+
+Untracked items have the following format:
+
+ ? <path>
+
+Ignored items have the following format:
+
+ ! <path>
+
+### Pathname Format Notes and -z
+
+When the `-z` option is given, pathnames are printed as is and
+without any quoting and lines are terminated with a NUL (ASCII 0x00)
+byte.
+
+Otherwise, all pathnames will be "C-quoted" if they contain any tab,
+linefeed, double quote, or backslash characters. In C-quoting, these
+characters will be replaced with the corresponding C-style escape
+sequences and the resulting pathname will be double quoted.
+
+
CONFIGURATION
-------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
index ad85183..d841573 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
@@ -15,8 +15,9 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git submodule' [--quiet] init [--] [<path>...]
'git submodule' [--quiet] deinit [-f|--force] (--all|[--] <path>...)
'git submodule' [--quiet] update [--init] [--remote] [-N|--no-fetch]
- [-f|--force] [--rebase|--merge] [--reference <repository>]
- [--depth <depth>] [--recursive] [--] [<path>...]
+ [--[no-]recommend-shallow] [-f|--force] [--rebase|--merge]
+ [--reference <repository>] [--depth <depth>] [--recursive]
+ [--jobs <n>] [--] [<path>...]
'git submodule' [--quiet] summary [--cached|--files] [(-n|--summary-limit) <n>]
[commit] [--] [<path>...]
'git submodule' [--quiet] foreach [--recursive] <command>
@@ -258,7 +259,9 @@ OPTIONS
--branch::
Branch of repository to add as submodule.
The name of the branch is recorded as `submodule.<name>.branch` in
- `.gitmodules` for `update --remote`.
+ `.gitmodules` for `update --remote`. A special value of `.` is used to
+ indicate that the name of the branch in the submodule should be the
+ same name as the current branch in the current repository.
-f::
--force::
@@ -384,6 +387,17 @@ for linkgit:git-clone[1]'s `--reference` and `--shared` options carefully.
clone with a history truncated to the specified number of revisions.
See linkgit:git-clone[1]
+--[no-]recommend-shallow::
+ This option is only valid for the update command.
+ The initial clone of a submodule will use the recommended
+ `submodule.<name>.shallow` as provided by the .gitmodules file
+ by default. To ignore the suggestions use `--no-recommend-shallow`.
+
+-j <n>::
+--jobs <n>::
+ This option is only valid for the update command.
+ Clone new submodules in parallel with as many jobs.
+ Defaults to the `submodule.fetchJobs` option.
<path>...::
Paths to submodule(s). When specified this will restrict the command
diff --git a/Documentation/git-svn.txt b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
index fb23a98..9bee9b0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-svn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
@@ -98,11 +98,11 @@ your Perl's Getopt::Long is < v2.37).
--ignore-paths=<regex>;;
When passed to 'init' or 'clone' this regular expression will
be preserved as a config key. See 'fetch' for a description
- of '--ignore-paths'.
+ of `--ignore-paths`.
--include-paths=<regex>;;
When passed to 'init' or 'clone' this regular expression will
be preserved as a config key. See 'fetch' for a description
- of '--include-paths'.
+ of `--include-paths`.
--no-minimize-url;;
When tracking multiple directories (using --stdlayout,
--branches, or --tags options), git svn will attempt to connect
@@ -110,7 +110,7 @@ your Perl's Getopt::Long is < v2.37).
repository. This default allows better tracking of history if
entire projects are moved within a repository, but may cause
issues on repositories where read access restrictions are in
- place. Passing '--no-minimize-url' will allow git svn to
+ place. Passing `--no-minimize-url` will allow git svn to
accept URLs as-is without attempting to connect to a higher
level directory. This option is off by default when only
one URL/branch is tracked (it would do little good).
@@ -141,7 +141,7 @@ the same local time zone.
--ignore-paths=<regex>;;
This allows one to specify a Perl regular expression that will
cause skipping of all matching paths from checkout from SVN.
- The '--ignore-paths' option should match for every 'fetch'
+ The `--ignore-paths` option should match for every 'fetch'
(including automatic fetches due to 'clone', 'dcommit',
'rebase', etc) on a given repository.
+
@@ -170,10 +170,10 @@ Skip "branches" and "tags" of first level directories;;
--include-paths=<regex>;;
This allows one to specify a Perl regular expression that will
cause the inclusion of only matching paths from checkout from SVN.
- The '--include-paths' option should match for every 'fetch'
+ The `--include-paths` option should match for every 'fetch'
(including automatic fetches due to 'clone', 'dcommit',
- 'rebase', etc) on a given repository. '--ignore-paths' takes
- precedence over '--include-paths'.
+ 'rebase', etc) on a given repository. `--ignore-paths` takes
+ precedence over `--include-paths`.
+
[verse]
config key: svn-remote.<name>.include-paths
@@ -191,7 +191,7 @@ config key: svn-remote.<name>.include-paths
or if a second argument is passed; it will create a directory
and work within that. It accepts all arguments that the
'init' and 'fetch' commands accept; with the exception of
- '--fetch-all' and '--parent'. After a repository is cloned,
+ `--fetch-all` and `--parent`. After a repository is cloned,
the 'fetch' command will be able to update revisions without
affecting the working tree; and the 'rebase' command will be
able to update the working tree with the latest changes.
@@ -216,7 +216,7 @@ it preserves linear history with 'git rebase' instead of
'git merge' for ease of dcommitting with 'git svn'.
+
This accepts all options that 'git svn fetch' and 'git rebase'
-accept. However, '--fetch-all' only fetches from the current
+accept. However, `--fetch-all` only fetches from the current
[svn-remote], and not all [svn-remote] definitions.
+
Like 'git rebase'; this requires that the working tree be clean
@@ -459,6 +459,20 @@ Any other arguments are passed directly to 'git log'
Gets the Subversion property given as the first argument, for a
file. A specific revision can be specified with -r/--revision.
+'propset'::
+ Sets the Subversion property given as the first argument, to the
+ value given as the second argument for the file given as the
+ third argument.
++
+Example:
++
+------------------------------------------------------------------------
+git svn propset svn:keywords "FreeBSD=%H" devel/py-tipper/Makefile
+------------------------------------------------------------------------
++
+This will set the property 'svn:keywords' to 'FreeBSD=%H' for the file
+'devel/py-tipper/Makefile'.
+
'show-externals'::
Shows the Subversion externals. Use -r/--revision to specify a
specific revision.
@@ -611,6 +625,9 @@ config key: svn.authorsfile
with the committer name as the first argument. The program is
expected to return a single line of the form "Name <email>",
which will be treated as if included in the authors file.
++
+[verse]
+config key: svn.authorsProg
-q::
--quiet::
@@ -647,13 +664,19 @@ creating the branch or tag.
When retrieving svn commits into Git (as part of 'fetch', 'rebase', or
'dcommit' operations), look for the first `From:` or `Signed-off-by:` line
in the log message and use that as the author string.
++
+[verse]
+config key: svn.useLogAuthor
+
--add-author-from::
When committing to svn from Git (as part of 'commit-diff', 'set-tree' or 'dcommit'
operations), if the existing log message doesn't already have a
`From:` or `Signed-off-by:` line, append a `From:` line based on the
Git commit's author string. If you use this, then `--use-log-author`
will retrieve a valid author string for all commits.
-
++
+[verse]
+config key: svn.addAuthorFrom
ADVANCED OPTIONS
----------------
@@ -748,7 +771,7 @@ svn-remote.<name>.rewriteUUID::
svn-remote.<name>.pushurl::
- Similar to Git's 'remote.<name>.pushurl', this key is designed
+ Similar to Git's `remote.<name>.pushurl`, this key is designed
to be used in cases where 'url' points to an SVN repository
via a read-only transport, to provide an alternate read/write
transport. It is assumed that both keys point to the same
@@ -905,7 +928,7 @@ parent of the branch. However, it is possible that there is no suitable
Git commit to serve as parent. This will happen, among other reasons,
if the SVN branch is a copy of a revision that was not fetched by 'git
svn' (e.g. because it is an old revision that was skipped with
-'--revision'), or if in SVN a directory was copied that is not tracked
+`--revision`), or if in SVN a directory was copied that is not tracked
by 'git svn' (such as a branch that is not tracked at all, or a
subdirectory of a tracked branch). In these cases, 'git svn' will still
create a Git branch, but instead of using an existing Git commit as the
@@ -982,12 +1005,12 @@ directories in the working copy. While this is the easiest way to get a
copy of a complete repository, for projects with many branches it will
lead to a working copy many times larger than just the trunk. Thus for
projects using the standard directory structure (trunk/branches/tags),
-it is recommended to clone with option '--stdlayout'. If the project
+it is recommended to clone with option `--stdlayout`. If the project
uses a non-standard structure, and/or if branches and tags are not
required, it is easiest to only clone one directory (typically trunk),
without giving any repository layout options. If the full history with
-branches and tags is required, the options '--trunk' / '--branches' /
-'--tags' must be used.
+branches and tags is required, the options `--trunk` / `--branches` /
+`--tags` must be used.
When using multiple --branches or --tags, 'git svn' does not automatically
handle name collisions (for example, if two branches from different paths have
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
index abab481..76cfe40 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
@@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ OPTIONS
-v::
--verify::
- Verify the gpg signature of the given tag names.
+ Verify the GPG signature of the given tag names.
-n<num>::
<num> specifies how many lines from the annotation, if any,
@@ -104,10 +104,14 @@ OPTIONS
order can also be affected by the
"versionsort.prereleaseSuffix" configuration variable.
The keys supported are the same as those in `git for-each-ref`.
- Sort order defaults to the value configured for the 'tag.sort'
+ Sort order defaults to the value configured for the `tag.sort`
variable if it exists, or lexicographic order otherwise. See
linkgit:git-config[1].
+-i::
+--ignore-case::
+ Sorting and filtering tags are case insensitive.
+
--column[=<options>]::
--no-column::
Display tag listing in columns. See configuration variable
@@ -167,7 +171,7 @@ This option is only applicable when listing tags without annotation lines.
--[no-]merged [<commit>]::
Only list tags whose tips are reachable, or not reachable
- if '--no-merged' is used, from the specified commit ('HEAD'
+ if `--no-merged` is used, from the specified commit (`HEAD`
if not specified).
CONFIGURATION
@@ -253,9 +257,8 @@ On Automatic following
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
If you are following somebody else's tree, you are most likely
-using remote-tracking branches (`refs/heads/origin` in traditional
-layout, or `refs/remotes/origin/master` in the separate-remote
-layout). You usually want the tags from the other end.
+using remote-tracking branches (eg. `refs/remotes/origin/master`).
+You usually want the tags from the other end.
On the other hand, if you are fetching because you would want a
one-shot merge from somebody else, you typically do not want to
diff --git a/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt
index 3e887d1..b3de50d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt
@@ -44,6 +44,9 @@ OPTIONS
--strict::
Don't write objects with broken content or links.
+--max-input-size=<size>::
+ Die, if the pack is larger than <size>.
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
index c6cbed1..7386c93 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ thus, in case the assumed-untracked file is changed upstream,
you will need to handle the situation manually.
--really-refresh::
- Like '--refresh', but checks stat information unconditionally,
+ Like `--refresh`, but checks stat information unconditionally,
without regard to the "assume unchanged" setting.
--[no-]skip-worktree::
@@ -211,7 +211,7 @@ will remove the intended effect of the option.
Using --refresh
---------------
-'--refresh' does not calculate a new sha1 file or bring the index
+`--refresh` does not calculate a new sha1 file or bring the index
up-to-date for mode/content changes. But what it *does* do is to
"re-match" the stat information of a file with the index, so that you
can refresh the index for a file that hasn't been changed but where
@@ -222,7 +222,7 @@ up the stat index details with the proper files.
Using --cacheinfo or --info-only
--------------------------------
-'--cacheinfo' is used to register a file that is not in the
+`--cacheinfo` is used to register a file that is not in the
current working directory. This is useful for minimum-checkout
merging.
@@ -232,12 +232,12 @@ To pretend you have a file with mode and sha1 at path, say:
$ git update-index --cacheinfo <mode>,<sha1>,<path>
----------------
-'--info-only' is used to register files without placing them in the object
+`--info-only` is used to register files without placing them in the object
database. This is useful for status-only repositories.
-Both '--cacheinfo' and '--info-only' behave similarly: the index is updated
-but the object database isn't. '--cacheinfo' is useful when the object is
-in the database but the file isn't available locally. '--info-only' is
+Both `--cacheinfo` and `--info-only` behave similarly: the index is updated
+but the object database isn't. `--cacheinfo` is useful when the object is
+in the database but the file isn't available locally. `--info-only` is
useful when the file is available, but you do not wish to update the
object database.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-upload-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-upload-pack.txt
index 0abc806..822ad59 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-upload-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-upload-pack.txt
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@ git-upload-pack - Send objects packed back to git-fetch-pack
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-upload-pack' [--strict] [--timeout=<n>] <directory>
-
+'git-upload-pack' [--[no-]strict] [--timeout=<n>] [--stateless-rpc]
+ [--advertise-refs] <directory>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Invoked by 'git fetch-pack', learns what
@@ -25,12 +25,22 @@ repository. For push operations, see 'git send-pack'.
OPTIONS
-------
---strict::
+--[no-]strict::
Do not try <directory>/.git/ if <directory> is no Git directory.
--timeout=<n>::
Interrupt transfer after <n> seconds of inactivity.
+--stateless-rpc::
+ Perform only a single read-write cycle with stdin and stdout.
+ This fits with the HTTP POST request processing model where
+ a program may read the request, write a response, and must exit.
+
+--advertise-refs::
+ Only the initial ref advertisement is output, and the program exits
+ immediately. This fits with the HTTP GET request model, where
+ no request content is received but a response must be produced.
+
<directory>::
The repository to sync from.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-verify-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-verify-commit.txt
index ecf4da1..92097f6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-verify-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-verify-commit.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Validates the gpg signature created by 'git commit -S'.
+Validates the GPG signature created by 'git commit -S'.
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt b/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt
index 16ede5b..2d6b09a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt
@@ -62,14 +62,14 @@ CONF.VAR (from -c option) and web.browser
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The web browser can be specified using a configuration variable passed
-with the -c (or --config) command-line option, or the 'web.browser'
+with the -c (or --config) command-line option, or the `web.browser`
configuration variable if the former is not used.
browser.<tool>.path
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
You can explicitly provide a full path to your preferred browser by
-setting the configuration variable 'browser.<tool>.path'. For example,
+setting the configuration variable `browser.<tool>.path`. For example,
you can configure the absolute path to firefox by setting
'browser.firefox.path'. Otherwise, 'git web{litdd}browse' assumes the tool
is available in PATH.
@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ browser.<tool>.cmd
When the browser, specified by options or configuration variables, is
not among the supported ones, then the corresponding
-'browser.<tool>.cmd' configuration variable will be looked up. If this
+`browser.<tool>.cmd` configuration variable will be looked up. If this
variable exists then 'git web{litdd}browse' will treat the specified tool
as a custom command and will use a shell eval to run the command with
the URLs passed as arguments.
@@ -110,7 +110,7 @@ Note about git-config --global
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Note that these configuration variables should probably be set using
-the '--global' flag, for example like this:
+the `--global` flag, for example like this:
------------------------------------------------
$ git config --global web.browser firefox
diff --git a/Documentation/git-worktree.txt b/Documentation/git-worktree.txt
index 62c76c1..e257c19 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-worktree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-worktree.txt
@@ -9,9 +9,11 @@ git-worktree - Manage multiple working trees
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git worktree add' [-f] [--detach] [-b <new-branch>] <path> [<branch>]
-'git worktree prune' [-n] [-v] [--expire <expire>]
+'git worktree add' [-f] [--detach] [--checkout] [-b <new-branch>] <path> [<branch>]
'git worktree list' [--porcelain]
+'git worktree lock' [--reason <string>] <worktree>
+'git worktree prune' [-n] [-v] [--expire <expire>]
+'git worktree unlock' <worktree>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -38,9 +40,8 @@ section "DETAILS" for more information.
If a linked working tree is stored on a portable device or network share
which is not always mounted, you can prevent its administrative files from
-being pruned by creating a file named 'locked' alongside the other
-administrative files, optionally containing a plain text reason that
-pruning should be suppressed. See section "DETAILS" for more information.
+being pruned by issuing the `git worktree lock` command, optionally
+specifying `--reason` to explain why the working tree is locked.
COMMANDS
--------
@@ -48,16 +49,13 @@ add <path> [<branch>]::
Create `<path>` and checkout `<branch>` into it. The new working directory
is linked to the current repository, sharing everything except working
-directory specific files such as HEAD, index, etc.
+directory specific files such as HEAD, index, etc. `-` may also be
+specified as `<branch>`; it is synonymous with `@{-1}`.
+
If `<branch>` is omitted and neither `-b` nor `-B` nor `--detached` used,
then, as a convenience, a new branch based at HEAD is created automatically,
as if `-b $(basename <path>)` was specified.
-prune::
-
-Prune working tree information in $GIT_DIR/worktrees.
-
list::
List details of each worktree. The main worktree is listed first, followed by
@@ -65,6 +63,22 @@ each of the linked worktrees. The output details include if the worktree is
bare, the revision currently checked out, and the branch currently checked out
(or 'detached HEAD' if none).
+lock::
+
+If a working tree is on a portable device or network share which
+is not always mounted, lock it to prevent its administrative
+files from being pruned automatically. This also prevents it from
+being moved or deleted. Optionally, specify a reason for the lock
+with `--reason`.
+
+prune::
+
+Prune working tree information in $GIT_DIR/worktrees.
+
+unlock::
+
+Unlock a working tree, allowing it to be pruned, moved or deleted.
+
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -87,6 +101,12 @@ OPTIONS
With `add`, detach HEAD in the new working tree. See "DETACHED HEAD"
in linkgit:git-checkout[1].
+--[no-]checkout::
+ By default, `add` checks out `<branch>`, however, `--no-checkout` can
+ be used to suppress checkout in order to make customizations,
+ such as configuring sparse-checkout. See "Sparse checkout"
+ in linkgit:git-read-tree[1].
+
-n::
--dry-run::
With `prune`, do not remove anything; just report what it would
@@ -104,6 +124,18 @@ OPTIONS
--expire <time>::
With `prune`, only expire unused working trees older than <time>.
+--reason <string>::
+ With `lock`, an explanation why the working tree is locked.
+
+<worktree>::
+ Working trees can be identified by path, either relative or
+ absolute.
++
+If the last path components in the working tree's path is unique among
+working trees, it can be used to identify worktrees. For example if
+you only have two working trees, at "/abc/def/ghi" and "/abc/def/ggg",
+then "ghi" or "def/ghi" is enough to point to the former working tree.
+
DETAILS
-------
Each linked working tree has a private sub-directory in the repository's
@@ -144,7 +176,8 @@ instead.
To prevent a $GIT_DIR/worktrees entry from being pruned (which
can be useful in some situations, such as when the
-entry's working tree is stored on a portable device), add a file named
+entry's working tree is stored on a portable device), use the
+`git worktree lock` command, which adds a file named
'locked' to the entry's directory. The file contains the reason in
plain text. For example, if a linked working tree's `.git` file points
to `/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next` then a file named
@@ -220,8 +253,6 @@ performed manually, such as:
- `remove` to remove a linked working tree and its administrative files (and
warn if the working tree is dirty)
- `mv` to move or rename a working tree and update its administrative files
-- `lock` to prevent automatic pruning of administrative files (for instance,
- for a working tree on a portable device)
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git.txt b/Documentation/git.txt
index 5a10e9b..ba222f6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git.txt
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--exec-path[=<path>]] [--html-path] [--man-path] [--info-path]
[-p|--paginate|--no-pager] [--no-replace-objects] [--bare]
[--git-dir=<path>] [--work-tree=<path>] [--namespace=<name>]
+ [--super-prefix=<path>]
<command> [<args>]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -31,8 +32,8 @@ page to learn what commands Git offers. You can learn more about
individual Git commands with "git help command". linkgit:gitcli[7]
manual page gives you an overview of the command-line command syntax.
-Formatted and hyperlinked version of the latest Git documentation
-can be viewed at `http://git-htmldocs.googlecode.com/git/git.html`.
+A formatted and hyperlinked copy of the latest Git documentation
+can be viewed at `https://git.github.io/htmldocs/git.html`.
ifdef::stalenotes[]
[NOTE]
@@ -43,6 +44,26 @@ unreleased) version of Git, that is available from the 'master'
branch of the `git.git` repository.
Documentation for older releases are available here:
+* link:v2.11.0/git.html[documentation for release 2.11]
+
+* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/2.11.0.txt[2.11].
+
+* link:v2.10.2/git.html[documentation for release 2.10.2]
+
+* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/2.10.2.txt[2.10.2],
+ link:RelNotes/2.10.1.txt[2.10.1],
+ link:RelNotes/2.10.0.txt[2.10].
+
+* link:v2.9.3/git.html[documentation for release 2.9.3]
+
+* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/2.9.3.txt[2.9.3],
+ link:RelNotes/2.9.2.txt[2.9.2],
+ link:RelNotes/2.9.1.txt[2.9.1],
+ link:RelNotes/2.9.0.txt[2.9].
+
* link:v2.8.4/git.html[documentation for release 2.8.4]
* release notes for
@@ -508,7 +529,7 @@ OPTIONS
--help::
Prints the synopsis and a list of the most commonly used
- commands. If the option '--all' or '-a' is given then all
+ commands. If the option `--all` or `-a` is given then all
available commands are printed. If a Git command is named this
option will bring up the manual page for that command.
+
@@ -572,7 +593,7 @@ foo.bar= ...`) sets `foo.bar` to the empty string.
--git-dir=<path>::
Set the path to the repository. This can also be controlled by
- setting the GIT_DIR environment variable. It can be an absolute
+ setting the `GIT_DIR` environment variable. It can be an absolute
path or relative path to current working directory.
--work-tree=<path>::
@@ -588,6 +609,11 @@ foo.bar= ...`) sets `foo.bar` to the empty string.
details. Equivalent to setting the `GIT_NAMESPACE` environment
variable.
+--super-prefix=<path>::
+ Currently for internal use only. Set a prefix which gives a path from
+ above a repository down to its root. One use is to give submodules
+ context about the superproject that invoked it.
+
--bare::
Treat the repository as a bare repository. If GIT_DIR
environment is not set, it is set to the current working
@@ -822,46 +848,52 @@ These environment variables apply to 'all' core Git commands. Nb: it
is worth noting that they may be used/overridden by SCMS sitting above
Git so take care if using a foreign front-end.
-'GIT_INDEX_FILE'::
+`GIT_INDEX_FILE`::
This environment allows the specification of an alternate
index file. If not specified, the default of `$GIT_DIR/index`
is used.
-'GIT_INDEX_VERSION'::
+`GIT_INDEX_VERSION`::
This environment variable allows the specification of an index
version for new repositories. It won't affect existing index
files. By default index file version 2 or 3 is used. See
linkgit:git-update-index[1] for more information.
-'GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY'::
+`GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY`::
If the object storage directory is specified via this
environment variable then the sha1 directories are created
underneath - otherwise the default `$GIT_DIR/objects`
directory is used.
-'GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES'::
+`GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES`::
Due to the immutable nature of Git objects, old objects can be
archived into shared, read-only directories. This variable
specifies a ":" separated (on Windows ";" separated) list
of Git object directories which can be used to search for Git
objects. New objects will not be written to these directories.
-
-'GIT_DIR'::
- If the 'GIT_DIR' environment variable is set then it
++
+ Entries that begin with `"` (double-quote) will be interpreted
+ as C-style quoted paths, removing leading and trailing
+ double-quotes and respecting backslash escapes. E.g., the value
+ `"path-with-\"-and-:-in-it":vanilla-path` has two paths:
+ `path-with-"-and-:-in-it` and `vanilla-path`.
+
+`GIT_DIR`::
+ If the `GIT_DIR` environment variable is set then it
specifies a path to use instead of the default `.git`
for the base of the repository.
- The '--git-dir' command-line option also sets this value.
+ The `--git-dir` command-line option also sets this value.
-'GIT_WORK_TREE'::
+`GIT_WORK_TREE`::
Set the path to the root of the working tree.
- This can also be controlled by the '--work-tree' command-line
+ This can also be controlled by the `--work-tree` command-line
option and the core.worktree configuration variable.
-'GIT_NAMESPACE'::
+`GIT_NAMESPACE`::
Set the Git namespace; see linkgit:gitnamespaces[7] for details.
- The '--namespace' command-line option also sets this value.
+ The `--namespace` command-line option also sets this value.
-'GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES'::
+`GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES`::
This should be a colon-separated list of absolute paths. If
set, it is a list of directories that Git should not chdir up
into while looking for a repository directory (useful for
@@ -874,19 +906,19 @@ Git so take care if using a foreign front-end.
can add an empty entry to the list to tell Git that the
subsequent entries are not symlinks and needn't be resolved;
e.g.,
- 'GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES=/maybe/symlink::/very/slow/non/symlink'.
+ `GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES=/maybe/symlink::/very/slow/non/symlink`.
-'GIT_DISCOVERY_ACROSS_FILESYSTEM'::
+`GIT_DISCOVERY_ACROSS_FILESYSTEM`::
When run in a directory that does not have ".git" repository
directory, Git tries to find such a directory in the parent
directories to find the top of the working tree, but by default it
does not cross filesystem boundaries. This environment variable
can be set to true to tell Git not to stop at filesystem
- boundaries. Like 'GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES', this will not affect
- an explicit repository directory set via 'GIT_DIR' or on the
+ boundaries. Like `GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES`, this will not affect
+ an explicit repository directory set via `GIT_DIR` or on the
command line.
-'GIT_COMMON_DIR'::
+`GIT_COMMON_DIR`::
If this variable is set to a path, non-worktree files that are
normally in $GIT_DIR will be taken from this path
instead. Worktree-specific files such as HEAD or index are
@@ -897,28 +929,28 @@ Git so take care if using a foreign front-end.
Git Commits
~~~~~~~~~~~
-'GIT_AUTHOR_NAME'::
-'GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL'::
-'GIT_AUTHOR_DATE'::
-'GIT_COMMITTER_NAME'::
-'GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL'::
-'GIT_COMMITTER_DATE'::
+`GIT_AUTHOR_NAME`::
+`GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL`::
+`GIT_AUTHOR_DATE`::
+`GIT_COMMITTER_NAME`::
+`GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL`::
+`GIT_COMMITTER_DATE`::
'EMAIL'::
see linkgit:git-commit-tree[1]
Git Diffs
~~~~~~~~~
-'GIT_DIFF_OPTS'::
+`GIT_DIFF_OPTS`::
Only valid setting is "--unified=??" or "-u??" to set the
number of context lines shown when a unified diff is created.
This takes precedence over any "-U" or "--unified" option
value passed on the Git diff command line.
-'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF'::
- When the environment variable 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' is set, the
+`GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF`::
+ When the environment variable `GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF` is set, the
program named by it is called, instead of the diff invocation
described above. For a path that is added, removed, or modified,
- 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' is called with 7 parameters:
+ `GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF` is called with 7 parameters:
path old-file old-hex old-mode new-file new-hex new-mode
+
@@ -932,49 +964,49 @@ where:
The file parameters can point at the user's working file
(e.g. `new-file` in "git-diff-files"), `/dev/null` (e.g. `old-file`
when a new file is added), or a temporary file (e.g. `old-file` in the
-index). 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' should not worry about unlinking the
-temporary file --- it is removed when 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' exits.
+index). `GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF` should not worry about unlinking the
+temporary file --- it is removed when `GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF` exits.
+
-For a path that is unmerged, 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' is called with 1
+For a path that is unmerged, `GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF` is called with 1
parameter, <path>.
+
-For each path 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' is called, two environment variables,
-'GIT_DIFF_PATH_COUNTER' and 'GIT_DIFF_PATH_TOTAL' are set.
+For each path `GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF` is called, two environment variables,
+`GIT_DIFF_PATH_COUNTER` and `GIT_DIFF_PATH_TOTAL` are set.
-'GIT_DIFF_PATH_COUNTER'::
+`GIT_DIFF_PATH_COUNTER`::
A 1-based counter incremented by one for every path.
-'GIT_DIFF_PATH_TOTAL'::
+`GIT_DIFF_PATH_TOTAL`::
The total number of paths.
other
~~~~~
-'GIT_MERGE_VERBOSITY'::
+`GIT_MERGE_VERBOSITY`::
A number controlling the amount of output shown by
the recursive merge strategy. Overrides merge.verbosity.
See linkgit:git-merge[1]
-'GIT_PAGER'::
+`GIT_PAGER`::
This environment variable overrides `$PAGER`. If it is set
to an empty string or to the value "cat", Git will not launch
a pager. See also the `core.pager` option in
linkgit:git-config[1].
-'GIT_EDITOR'::
+`GIT_EDITOR`::
This environment variable overrides `$EDITOR` and `$VISUAL`.
It is used by several Git commands when, on interactive mode,
an editor is to be launched. See also linkgit:git-var[1]
and the `core.editor` option in linkgit:git-config[1].
-'GIT_SSH'::
-'GIT_SSH_COMMAND'::
+`GIT_SSH`::
+`GIT_SSH_COMMAND`::
If either of these environment variables is set then 'git fetch'
and 'git push' will use the specified command instead of 'ssh'
when they need to connect to a remote system.
The command will be given exactly two or four arguments: the
'username@host' (or just 'host') from the URL and the shell
command to execute on that remote system, optionally preceded by
- '-p' (literally) and the 'port' from the URL when it specifies
+ `-p` (literally) and the 'port' from the URL when it specifies
something other than the default SSH port.
+
`$GIT_SSH_COMMAND` takes precedence over `$GIT_SSH`, and is interpreted
@@ -987,18 +1019,18 @@ Usually it is easier to configure any desired options through your
personal `.ssh/config` file. Please consult your ssh documentation
for further details.
-'GIT_ASKPASS'::
+`GIT_ASKPASS`::
If this environment variable is set, then Git commands which need to
acquire passwords or passphrases (e.g. for HTTP or IMAP authentication)
will call this program with a suitable prompt as command-line argument
- and read the password from its STDOUT. See also the 'core.askPass'
+ and read the password from its STDOUT. See also the `core.askPass`
option in linkgit:git-config[1].
-'GIT_TERMINAL_PROMPT'::
+`GIT_TERMINAL_PROMPT`::
If this environment variable is set to `0`, git will not prompt
on the terminal (e.g., when asking for HTTP authentication).
-'GIT_CONFIG_NOSYSTEM'::
+`GIT_CONFIG_NOSYSTEM`::
Whether to skip reading settings from the system-wide
`$(prefix)/etc/gitconfig` file. This environment variable can
be used along with `$HOME` and `$XDG_CONFIG_HOME` to create a
@@ -1006,7 +1038,7 @@ for further details.
temporarily to avoid using a buggy `/etc/gitconfig` file while
waiting for someone with sufficient permissions to fix it.
-'GIT_FLUSH'::
+`GIT_FLUSH`::
If this environment variable is set to "1", then commands such
as 'git blame' (in incremental mode), 'git rev-list', 'git log',
'git check-attr' and 'git check-ignore' will
@@ -1017,7 +1049,7 @@ for further details.
not set, Git will choose buffered or record-oriented flushing
based on whether stdout appears to be redirected to a file or not.
-'GIT_TRACE'::
+`GIT_TRACE`::
Enables general trace messages, e.g. alias expansion, built-in
command execution and external command execution.
+
@@ -1038,21 +1070,21 @@ into it.
Unsetting the variable, or setting it to empty, "0" or
"false" (case insensitive) disables trace messages.
-'GIT_TRACE_PACK_ACCESS'::
+`GIT_TRACE_PACK_ACCESS`::
Enables trace messages for all accesses to any packs. For each
access, the pack file name and an offset in the pack is
recorded. This may be helpful for troubleshooting some
pack-related performance problems.
- See 'GIT_TRACE' for available trace output options.
+ See `GIT_TRACE` for available trace output options.
-'GIT_TRACE_PACKET'::
+`GIT_TRACE_PACKET`::
Enables trace messages for all packets coming in or out of a
given program. This can help with debugging object negotiation
or other protocol issues. Tracing is turned off at a packet
- starting with "PACK" (but see 'GIT_TRACE_PACKFILE' below).
- See 'GIT_TRACE' for available trace output options.
+ starting with "PACK" (but see `GIT_TRACE_PACKFILE` below).
+ See `GIT_TRACE` for available trace output options.
-'GIT_TRACE_PACKFILE'::
+`GIT_TRACE_PACKFILE`::
Enables tracing of packfiles sent or received by a
given program. Unlike other trace output, this trace is
verbatim: no headers, and no quoting of binary data. You almost
@@ -1063,22 +1095,30 @@ Unsetting the variable, or setting it to empty, "0" or
Note that this is currently only implemented for the client side
of clones and fetches.
-'GIT_TRACE_PERFORMANCE'::
+`GIT_TRACE_PERFORMANCE`::
Enables performance related trace messages, e.g. total execution
time of each Git command.
- See 'GIT_TRACE' for available trace output options.
+ See `GIT_TRACE` for available trace output options.
-'GIT_TRACE_SETUP'::
+`GIT_TRACE_SETUP`::
Enables trace messages printing the .git, working tree and current
working directory after Git has completed its setup phase.
- See 'GIT_TRACE' for available trace output options.
+ See `GIT_TRACE` for available trace output options.
-'GIT_TRACE_SHALLOW'::
+`GIT_TRACE_SHALLOW`::
Enables trace messages that can help debugging fetching /
cloning of shallow repositories.
- See 'GIT_TRACE' for available trace output options.
+ See `GIT_TRACE` for available trace output options.
-'GIT_LITERAL_PATHSPECS'::
+`GIT_TRACE_CURL`::
+ Enables a curl full trace dump of all incoming and outgoing data,
+ including descriptive information, of the git transport protocol.
+ This is similar to doing curl `--trace-ascii` on the command line.
+ This option overrides setting the `GIT_CURL_VERBOSE` environment
+ variable.
+ See `GIT_TRACE` for available trace output options.
+
+`GIT_LITERAL_PATHSPECS`::
Setting this variable to `1` will cause Git to treat all
pathspecs literally, rather than as glob patterns. For example,
running `GIT_LITERAL_PATHSPECS=1 git log -- '*.c'` will search
@@ -1087,19 +1127,19 @@ of clones and fetches.
literal paths to Git (e.g., paths previously given to you by
`git ls-tree`, `--raw` diff output, etc).
-'GIT_GLOB_PATHSPECS'::
+`GIT_GLOB_PATHSPECS`::
Setting this variable to `1` will cause Git to treat all
pathspecs as glob patterns (aka "glob" magic).
-'GIT_NOGLOB_PATHSPECS'::
+`GIT_NOGLOB_PATHSPECS`::
Setting this variable to `1` will cause Git to treat all
pathspecs as literal (aka "literal" magic).
-'GIT_ICASE_PATHSPECS'::
+`GIT_ICASE_PATHSPECS`::
Setting this variable to `1` will cause Git to treat all
pathspecs as case-insensitive.
-'GIT_REFLOG_ACTION'::
+`GIT_REFLOG_ACTION`::
When a ref is updated, reflog entries are created to keep
track of the reason why the ref was updated (which is
typically the name of the high-level command that updated
@@ -1109,7 +1149,7 @@ of clones and fetches.
variable when it is invoked as the top level command by the
end user, to be recorded in the body of the reflog.
-'GIT_REF_PARANOIA'::
+`GIT_REF_PARANOIA`::
If set to `1`, include broken or badly named refs when iterating
over lists of refs. In a normal, non-corrupted repository, this
does nothing. However, enabling it may help git to detect and
@@ -1120,31 +1160,21 @@ of clones and fetches.
an operation has touched every ref (e.g., because you are
cloning a repository to make a backup).
-'GIT_ALLOW_PROTOCOL'::
- If set, provide a colon-separated list of protocols which are
- allowed to be used with fetch/push/clone. This is useful to
- restrict recursive submodule initialization from an untrusted
- repository. Any protocol not mentioned will be disallowed (i.e.,
- this is a whitelist, not a blacklist). If the variable is not
- set at all, all protocols are enabled. The protocol names
- currently used by git are:
-
- - `file`: any local file-based path (including `file://` URLs,
- or local paths)
-
- - `git`: the anonymous git protocol over a direct TCP
- connection (or proxy, if configured)
-
- - `ssh`: git over ssh (including `host:path` syntax,
- `ssh://`, etc).
-
- - `http`: git over http, both "smart http" and "dumb http".
- Note that this does _not_ include `https`; if you want both,
- you should specify both as `http:https`.
-
- - any external helpers are named by their protocol (e.g., use
- `hg` to allow the `git-remote-hg` helper)
-
+`GIT_ALLOW_PROTOCOL`::
+ If set to a colon-separated list of protocols, behave as if
+ `protocol.allow` is set to `never`, and each of the listed
+ protocols has `protocol.<name>.allow` set to `always`
+ (overriding any existing configuration). In other words, any
+ protocol not mentioned will be disallowed (i.e., this is a
+ whitelist, not a blacklist). See the description of
+ `protocol.allow` in linkgit:git-config[1] for more details.
+
+`GIT_PROTOCOL_FROM_USER`::
+ Set to 0 to prevent protocols used by fetch/push/clone which are
+ configured to the `user` state. This is useful to restrict recursive
+ submodule initialization from an untrusted repository or for programs
+ which feed potentially-untrusted URLS to git commands. See
+ linkgit:git-config[1] for more details.
Discussion[[Discussion]]
------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
index e3b1de8..e0b66c1 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
@@ -115,6 +115,7 @@ text file is normalized, its line endings are converted to LF in the
repository. To control what line ending style is used in the working
directory, use the `eol` attribute for a single file and the
`core.eol` configuration variable for all text files.
+Note that `core.autocrlf` overrides `core.eol`
Set::
@@ -130,8 +131,9 @@ Unset::
Set to string value "auto"::
When `text` is set to "auto", the path is marked for automatic
- end-of-line normalization. If Git decides that the content is
- text, its line endings are normalized to LF on checkin.
+ end-of-line conversion. If Git decides that the content is
+ text, its line endings are converted to LF on checkin.
+ When the file has been committed with CRLF, no conversion is done.
Unspecified::
@@ -146,7 +148,7 @@ unspecified.
^^^^^
This attribute sets a specific line-ending style to be used in the
-working directory. It enables end-of-line normalization without any
+working directory. It enables end-of-line conversion without any
content checks, effectively setting the `text` attribute.
Set to string value "crlf"::
@@ -180,60 +182,51 @@ While Git normally leaves file contents alone, it can be configured to
normalize line endings to LF in the repository and, optionally, to
convert them to CRLF when files are checked out.
-Here is an example that will make Git normalize .txt, .vcproj and .sh
-files, ensure that .vcproj files have CRLF and .sh files have LF in
-the working directory, and prevent .jpg files from being normalized
-regardless of their content.
-
-------------------------
-*.txt text
-*.vcproj eol=crlf
-*.sh eol=lf
-*.jpg -text
-------------------------
-
-Other source code management systems normalize all text files in their
-repositories, and there are two ways to enable similar automatic
-normalization in Git.
-
If you simply want to have CRLF line endings in your working directory
regardless of the repository you are working with, you can set the
-config variable "core.autocrlf" without changing any attributes.
+config variable "core.autocrlf" without using any attributes.
------------------------
[core]
autocrlf = true
------------------------
-This does not force normalization of all text files, but does ensure
+This does not force normalization of text files, but does ensure
that text files that you introduce to the repository have their line
endings normalized to LF when they are added, and that files that are
already normalized in the repository stay normalized.
-If you want to interoperate with a source code management system that
-enforces end-of-line normalization, or you simply want all text files
-in your repository to be normalized, you should instead set the `text`
-attribute to "auto" for _all_ files.
+If you want to ensure that text files that any contributor introduces to
+the repository have their line endings normalized, you can set the
+`text` attribute to "auto" for _all_ files.
------------------------
* text=auto
------------------------
-This ensures that all files that Git considers to be text will have
-normalized (LF) line endings in the repository. The `core.eol`
-configuration variable controls which line endings Git will use for
-normalized files in your working directory; the default is to use the
-native line ending for your platform, or CRLF if `core.autocrlf` is
-set.
+The attributes allow a fine-grained control, how the line endings
+are converted.
+Here is an example that will make Git normalize .txt, .vcproj and .sh
+files, ensure that .vcproj files have CRLF and .sh files have LF in
+the working directory, and prevent .jpg files from being normalized
+regardless of their content.
+
+------------------------
+* text=auto
+*.txt text
+*.vcproj text eol=crlf
+*.sh text eol=lf
+*.jpg -text
+------------------------
+
+NOTE: When `text=auto` conversion is enabled in a cross-platform
+project using push and pull to a central repository the text files
+containing CRLFs should be normalized.
-NOTE: When `text=auto` normalization is enabled in an existing
-repository, any text files containing CRLFs should be normalized. If
-they are not they will be normalized the next time someone tries to
-change them, causing unfortunate misattribution. From a clean working
-directory:
+From a clean working directory:
-------------------------------------------------
-$ echo "* text=auto" >>.gitattributes
+$ echo "* text=auto" >.gitattributes
$ rm .git/index # Remove the index to force Git to
$ git reset # re-scan the working directory
$ git status # Show files that will be normalized
@@ -300,7 +293,15 @@ checkout, when the `smudge` command is specified, the command is
fed the blob object from its standard input, and its standard
output is used to update the worktree file. Similarly, the
`clean` command is used to convert the contents of worktree file
-upon checkin.
+upon checkin. By default these commands process only a single
+blob and terminate. If a long running `process` filter is used
+in place of `clean` and/or `smudge` filters, then Git can process
+all blobs with a single filter command invocation for the entire
+life of a single Git command, for example `git add --all`. If a
+long running `process` filter is configured then it always takes
+precedence over a configured single blob filter. See section
+below for the description of the protocol used to communicate with
+a `process` filter.
One use of the content filtering is to massage the content into a shape
that is more convenient for the platform, filesystem, and the user to use.
@@ -374,6 +375,160 @@ substitution. For example:
smudge = git-p4-filter --smudge %f
------------------------
+Note that "%f" is the name of the path that is being worked on. Depending
+on the version that is being filtered, the corresponding file on disk may
+not exist, or may have different contents. So, smudge and clean commands
+should not try to access the file on disk, but only act as filters on the
+content provided to them on standard input.
+
+Long Running Filter Process
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+If the filter command (a string value) is defined via
+`filter.<driver>.process` then Git can process all blobs with a
+single filter invocation for the entire life of a single Git
+command. This is achieved by using a packet format (pkt-line,
+see technical/protocol-common.txt) based protocol over standard
+input and standard output as follows. All packets, except for the
+"*CONTENT" packets and the "0000" flush packet, are considered
+text and therefore are terminated by a LF.
+
+Git starts the filter when it encounters the first file
+that needs to be cleaned or smudged. After the filter started
+Git sends a welcome message ("git-filter-client"), a list of supported
+protocol version numbers, and a flush packet. Git expects to read a welcome
+response message ("git-filter-server"), exactly one protocol version number
+from the previously sent list, and a flush packet. All further
+communication will be based on the selected version. The remaining
+protocol description below documents "version=2". Please note that
+"version=42" in the example below does not exist and is only there
+to illustrate how the protocol would look like with more than one
+version.
+
+After the version negotiation Git sends a list of all capabilities that
+it supports and a flush packet. Git expects to read a list of desired
+capabilities, which must be a subset of the supported capabilities list,
+and a flush packet as response:
+------------------------
+packet: git> git-filter-client
+packet: git> version=2
+packet: git> version=42
+packet: git> 0000
+packet: git< git-filter-server
+packet: git< version=2
+packet: git< 0000
+packet: git> capability=clean
+packet: git> capability=smudge
+packet: git> capability=not-yet-invented
+packet: git> 0000
+packet: git< capability=clean
+packet: git< capability=smudge
+packet: git< 0000
+------------------------
+Supported filter capabilities in version 2 are "clean" and
+"smudge".
+
+Afterwards Git sends a list of "key=value" pairs terminated with
+a flush packet. The list will contain at least the filter command
+(based on the supported capabilities) and the pathname of the file
+to filter relative to the repository root. Right after the flush packet
+Git sends the content split in zero or more pkt-line packets and a
+flush packet to terminate content. Please note, that the filter
+must not send any response before it received the content and the
+final flush packet. Also note that the "value" of a "key=value" pair
+can contain the "=" character whereas the key would never contain
+that character.
+------------------------
+packet: git> command=smudge
+packet: git> pathname=path/testfile.dat
+packet: git> 0000
+packet: git> CONTENT
+packet: git> 0000
+------------------------
+
+The filter is expected to respond with a list of "key=value" pairs
+terminated with a flush packet. If the filter does not experience
+problems then the list must contain a "success" status. Right after
+these packets the filter is expected to send the content in zero
+or more pkt-line packets and a flush packet at the end. Finally, a
+second list of "key=value" pairs terminated with a flush packet
+is expected. The filter can change the status in the second list
+or keep the status as is with an empty list. Please note that the
+empty list must be terminated with a flush packet regardless.
+
+------------------------
+packet: git< status=success
+packet: git< 0000
+packet: git< SMUDGED_CONTENT
+packet: git< 0000
+packet: git< 0000 # empty list, keep "status=success" unchanged!
+------------------------
+
+If the result content is empty then the filter is expected to respond
+with a "success" status and a flush packet to signal the empty content.
+------------------------
+packet: git< status=success
+packet: git< 0000
+packet: git< 0000 # empty content!
+packet: git< 0000 # empty list, keep "status=success" unchanged!
+------------------------
+
+In case the filter cannot or does not want to process the content,
+it is expected to respond with an "error" status.
+------------------------
+packet: git< status=error
+packet: git< 0000
+------------------------
+
+If the filter experiences an error during processing, then it can
+send the status "error" after the content was (partially or
+completely) sent.
+------------------------
+packet: git< status=success
+packet: git< 0000
+packet: git< HALF_WRITTEN_ERRONEOUS_CONTENT
+packet: git< 0000
+packet: git< status=error
+packet: git< 0000
+------------------------
+
+In case the filter cannot or does not want to process the content
+as well as any future content for the lifetime of the Git process,
+then it is expected to respond with an "abort" status at any point
+in the protocol.
+------------------------
+packet: git< status=abort
+packet: git< 0000
+------------------------
+
+Git neither stops nor restarts the filter process in case the
+"error"/"abort" status is set. However, Git sets its exit code
+according to the `filter.<driver>.required` flag, mimicking the
+behavior of the `filter.<driver>.clean` / `filter.<driver>.smudge`
+mechanism.
+
+If the filter dies during the communication or does not adhere to
+the protocol then Git will stop the filter process and restart it
+with the next file that needs to be processed. Depending on the
+`filter.<driver>.required` flag Git will interpret that as error.
+
+After the filter has processed a blob it is expected to wait for
+the next "key=value" list containing a command. Git will close
+the command pipe on exit. The filter is expected to detect EOF
+and exit gracefully on its own. Git will wait until the filter
+process has stopped.
+
+A long running filter demo implementation can be found in
+`contrib/long-running-filter/example.pl` located in the Git
+core repository. If you develop your own long running filter
+process then the `GIT_TRACE_PACKET` environment variables can be
+very helpful for debugging (see linkgit:git[1]).
+
+Please note that you cannot use an existing `filter.<driver>.clean`
+or `filter.<driver>.smudge` command with `filter.<driver>.process`
+because the former two use a different inter process communication
+protocol than the latter one.
+
Interaction between checkin/checkout attributes
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
@@ -525,6 +680,8 @@ patterns are available:
- `csharp` suitable for source code in the C# language.
+- `css` suitable for cascading style sheets.
+
- `fortran` suitable for source code in the Fortran language.
- `fountain` suitable for Fountain documents.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
index 15b3bfa..22309cf 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ you want to understand Git's internals.
The core Git is often called "plumbing", with the prettier user
interfaces on top of it called "porcelain". You may not want to use the
plumbing directly very often, but it can be good to know what the
-plumbing does for when the porcelain isn't flushing.
+plumbing does when the porcelain isn't flushing.
Back when this document was originally written, many porcelain
commands were shell scripts. For simplicity, it still uses them as
@@ -949,7 +949,7 @@ for details.
[NOTE]
If there were more commits on the 'master' branch after the merge, the
merge commit itself would not be shown by 'git show-branch' by
-default. You would need to provide '--sparse' option to make the
+default. You would need to provide `--sparse` option to make the
merge commit visible in this case.
Now, let's pretend you are the one who did all the work in
@@ -1368,7 +1368,7 @@ $ git repack
will do it for you. If you followed the tutorial examples, you
would have accumulated about 17 objects in `.git/objects/??/`
directories by now. 'git repack' tells you how many objects it
-packed, and stores the packed file in `.git/objects/pack`
+packed, and stores the packed file in the `.git/objects/pack`
directory.
[NOTE]
@@ -1478,7 +1478,7 @@ You can repack this private repository whenever you feel like.
A recommended work cycle for a "subsystem maintainer" who works
on that project and has an own "public repository" goes like this:
-1. Prepare your work repository, by 'git clone' the public
+1. Prepare your work repository, by running 'git clone' on the public
repository of the "project lead". The URL used for the
initial cloning is stored in the remote.origin.url
configuration variable.
@@ -1543,9 +1543,9 @@ like this:
Working with Others, Shared Repository Style
--------------------------------------------
-If you are coming from CVS background, the style of cooperation
+If you are coming from a CVS background, the style of cooperation
suggested in the previous section may be new to you. You do not
-have to worry. Git supports "shared public repository" style of
+have to worry. Git supports the "shared public repository" style of
cooperation you are probably more familiar with as well.
See linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7] for the details.
@@ -1635,7 +1635,7 @@ $ git show-branch
++* [master~2] Pretty-print messages.
------------
-Note that you should not do Octopus because you can. An octopus
+Note that you should not do Octopus just because you can. An octopus
is a valid thing to do and often makes it easier to view the
commit history if you are merging more than two independent
changes at the same time. However, if you have merge conflicts
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt b/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
index 1c75be0..f3a75d1 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcredentials.txt
@@ -106,6 +106,11 @@ variable, each helper will be tried in turn, and may provide a username,
password, or nothing. Once Git has acquired both a username and a
password, no more helpers will be tried.
+If `credential.helper` is configured to the empty string, this resets
+the helper list to empty (so you may override a helper set by a
+lower-priority config file by configuring the empty-string helper,
+followed by whatever set of helpers you would like).
+
CREDENTIAL CONTEXTS
-------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt b/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt
index b06e852..4c6143c 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt
@@ -116,8 +116,12 @@ they create are writable and searchable by other group members.
Importing a CVS archive
-----------------------
+NOTE: These instructions use the `git-cvsimport` script which ships with
+git, but other importers may provide better results. See the note in
+linkgit:git-cvsimport[1] for other options.
+
First, install version 2.1 or higher of cvsps from
-http://www.cobite.com/cvsps/[http://www.cobite.com/cvsps/] and make
+https://github.com/andreyvit/cvsps[https://github.com/andreyvit/cvsps] and make
sure it is in your path. Then cd to a checked out CVS working directory
of the project you are interested in and run linkgit:git-cvsimport[1]:
diff --git a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
index c579593..08cf622 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
@@ -28,8 +28,8 @@ The 'git diff-{asterisk}' family works by first comparing two sets of
files:
- 'git diff-index' compares contents of a "tree" object and the
- working directory (when '--cached' flag is not used) or a
- "tree" object and the index file (when '--cached' flag is
+ working directory (when `--cached` flag is not used) or a
+ "tree" object and the index file (when `--cached` flag is
used);
- 'git diff-files' compares contents of the index file and the
diff --git a/Documentation/githooks.txt b/Documentation/githooks.txt
index a2f59b1..9565dc3 100644
--- a/Documentation/githooks.txt
+++ b/Documentation/githooks.txt
@@ -7,24 +7,35 @@ githooks - Hooks used by Git
SYNOPSIS
--------
-$GIT_DIR/hooks/*
+$GIT_DIR/hooks/* (or \`git config core.hooksPath`/*)
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Hooks are little scripts you can place in `$GIT_DIR/hooks`
-directory to trigger action at certain points. When
-'git init' is run, a handful of example hooks are copied into the
-`hooks` directory of the new repository, but by default they are
-all disabled. To enable a hook, rename it by removing its `.sample`
-suffix.
+Hooks are programs you can place in a hooks directory to trigger
+actions at certain points in git's execution. Hooks that don't have
+the executable bit set are ignored.
-NOTE: It is also a requirement for a given hook to be executable.
-However - in a freshly initialized repository - the `.sample` files are
-executable by default.
+By default the hooks directory is `$GIT_DIR/hooks`, but that can be
+changed via the `core.hooksPath` configuration variable (see
+linkgit:git-config[1]).
-This document describes the currently defined hooks.
+Before Git invokes a hook, it changes its working directory to either
+the root of the working tree in a non-bare repository, or to the
+$GIT_DIR in a bare repository.
+
+Hooks can get their arguments via the environment, command-line
+arguments, and stdin. See the documentation for each hook below for
+details.
+
+'git init' may copy hooks to the new repository, depending on its
+configuration. See the "TEMPLATE DIRECTORY" section in
+linkgit:git-init[1] for details. When the rest of this document refers
+to "default hooks" it's talking about the default template shipped
+with Git.
+
+The currently supported hooks are described below.
HOOKS
-----
@@ -32,15 +43,15 @@ HOOKS
applypatch-msg
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-This hook is invoked by 'git am' script. It takes a single
+This hook is invoked by 'git am'. It takes a single
parameter, the name of the file that holds the proposed commit
-log message. Exiting with non-zero status causes
-'git am' to abort before applying the patch.
+log message. Exiting with a non-zero status causes 'git am' to abort
+before applying the patch.
The hook is allowed to edit the message file in place, and can
be used to normalize the message into some project standard
-format (if the project has one). It can also be used to refuse
-the commit after inspecting the message file.
+format. It can also be used to refuse the commit after inspecting
+the message file.
The default 'applypatch-msg' hook, when enabled, runs the
'commit-msg' hook, if the latter is enabled.
@@ -73,10 +84,10 @@ pre-commit
~~~~~~~~~~
This hook is invoked by 'git commit', and can be bypassed
-with `--no-verify` option. It takes no parameter, and is
+with the `--no-verify` option. It takes no parameters, and is
invoked before obtaining the proposed commit log message and
-making a commit. Exiting with non-zero status from this script
-causes the 'git commit' to abort.
+making a commit. Exiting with a non-zero status from this script
+causes the 'git commit' command to abort before creating a commit.
The default 'pre-commit' hook, when enabled, catches introduction
of lines with trailing whitespaces and aborts the commit when
@@ -115,15 +126,15 @@ commit-msg
~~~~~~~~~~
This hook is invoked by 'git commit', and can be bypassed
-with `--no-verify` option. It takes a single parameter, the
+with the `--no-verify` option. It takes a single parameter, the
name of the file that holds the proposed commit log message.
-Exiting with non-zero status causes the 'git commit' to
+Exiting with a non-zero status causes the 'git commit' to
abort.
-The hook is allowed to edit the message file in place, and can
-be used to normalize the message into some project standard
-format (if the project has one). It can also be used to refuse
-the commit after inspecting the message file.
+The hook is allowed to edit the message file in place, and can be used
+to normalize the message into some project standard format. It
+can also be used to refuse the commit after inspecting the message
+file.
The default 'commit-msg' hook, when enabled, detects duplicate
"Signed-off-by" lines, and aborts the commit if one is found.
@@ -131,8 +142,8 @@ The default 'commit-msg' hook, when enabled, detects duplicate
post-commit
~~~~~~~~~~~
-This hook is invoked by 'git commit'. It takes no
-parameter, and is invoked after a commit is made.
+This hook is invoked by 'git commit'. It takes no parameters, and is
+invoked after a commit is made.
This hook is meant primarily for notification, and cannot affect
the outcome of 'git commit'.
@@ -236,6 +247,15 @@ Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
'git send-pack' on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
for the user.
+The number of push options given on the command line of
+`git push --push-option=...` can be read from the environment
+variable `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT`, and the options themselves are
+found in `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_0`, `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_1`,...
+If it is negotiated to not use the push options phase, the
+environment variables will not be set. If the client selects
+to use push options, but doesn't transmit any, the count variable
+will be set to zero, `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT=0`.
+
[[update]]
update
~~~~~~
@@ -267,9 +287,11 @@ does not know the entire set of branches, so it would end up
firing one e-mail per ref when used naively, though. The
<<post-receive,'post-receive'>> hook is more suited to that.
-Another use suggested on the mailing list is to use this hook to
-implement access control which is finer grained than the one
-based on filesystem group.
+In an environment that restricts the users' access only to git
+commands over the wire, this hook can be used to implement access
+control without relying on filesystem ownership and group
+membership. See linkgit:git-shell[1] for how you might use the login
+shell to restrict the user's access to only git commands.
Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
'git send-pack' on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
@@ -309,6 +331,15 @@ a sample script `post-receive-email` provided in the `contrib/hooks`
directory in Git distribution, which implements sending commit
emails.
+The number of push options given on the command line of
+`git push --push-option=...` can be read from the environment
+variable `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT`, and the options themselves are
+found in `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_0`, `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_1`,...
+If it is negotiated to not use the push options phase, the
+environment variables will not be set. If the client selects
+to use push options, but doesn't transmit any, the count variable
+will be set to zero, `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT=0`.
+
[[post-update]]
post-update
~~~~~~~~~~~
diff --git a/Documentation/gitignore.txt b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
index 473623d..63260f0 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitignore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@ precedence, the last matching pattern decides the outcome):
* Patterns read from `$GIT_DIR/info/exclude`.
* Patterns read from the file specified by the configuration
- variable 'core.excludesFile'.
+ variable `core.excludesFile`.
Which file to place a pattern in depends on how the pattern is meant to
be used.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitk.txt b/Documentation/gitk.txt
index 6ade002..e382dd9 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitk.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitk.txt
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ linkgit:git-rev-list[1] for a complete list.
--left-right::
- Mark which side of a symmetric diff a commit is reachable
+ Mark which side of a symmetric difference a commit is reachable
from. Commits from the left side are prefixed with a `<`
symbol and those from the right with a `>` symbol.
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ linkgit:git-rev-list[1] for a complete list.
--simplify-merges::
- Additional option to '--full-history' to remove some needless
+ Additional option to `--full-history` to remove some needless
merges from the resulting history, as there are no selected
commits contributing to this merge. (See "History
simplification" in linkgit:git-log[1] for a more detailed
diff --git a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
index ac70eca..8f7c50f 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ of linkgit:git-config[1].
The file contains one subsection per submodule, and the subsection value
is the name of the submodule. The name is set to the path where the
-submodule has been added unless it was customized with the '--name'
+submodule has been added unless it was customized with the `--name`
option of 'git submodule add'. Each submodule section also contains the
following required keys:
@@ -50,8 +50,11 @@ submodule.<name>.update::
submodule.<name>.branch::
A remote branch name for tracking updates in the upstream submodule.
- If the option is not specified, it defaults to 'master'. See the
- `--remote` documentation in linkgit:git-submodule[1] for details.
+ If the option is not specified, it defaults to 'master'. A special
+ value of `.` is used to indicate that the name of the branch in the
+ submodule should be the same name as the current branch in the
+ current repository. See the `--remote` documentation in
+ linkgit:git-submodule[1] for details.
submodule.<name>.fetchRecurseSubmodules::
This option can be used to control recursive fetching of this
@@ -79,6 +82,11 @@ submodule.<name>.ignore::
"--ignore-submodule" option. The 'git submodule' commands are not
affected by this setting.
+submodule.<name>.shallow::
+ When set to true, a clone of this submodule will be performed as a
+ shallow clone unless the user explicitly asks for a non-shallow
+ clone.
+
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
index 78e0b27..9e8681f 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ arguments. The first argument specifies a remote repository as in Git;
it is either the name of a configured remote or a URL. The second
argument specifies a URL; it is usually of the form
'<transport>://<address>', but any arbitrary string is possible.
-The 'GIT_DIR' environment variable is set up for the remote helper
+The `GIT_DIR` environment variable is set up for the remote helper
and can be used to determine where to store additional data or from
which directory to invoke auxiliary Git commands.
@@ -61,10 +61,10 @@ argument. If such a URL is encountered directly on the command line,
the first argument is '<address>', and if it is encountered in a
configured remote, the first argument is the name of that remote.
-Additionally, when a configured remote has 'remote.<name>.vcs' set to
+Additionally, when a configured remote has `remote.<name>.vcs` set to
'<transport>', Git explicitly invokes 'git remote-<transport>' with
'<name>' as the first argument. If set, the second argument is
-'remote.<name>.url'; otherwise, the second argument is omitted.
+`remote.<name>.url`; otherwise, the second argument is omitted.
INPUT FORMAT
------------
@@ -210,17 +210,17 @@ the remote repository.
'export-marks' <file>::
This modifies the 'export' capability, instructing Git to dump the
internal marks table to <file> when complete. For details,
- read up on '--export-marks=<file>' in linkgit:git-fast-export[1].
+ read up on `--export-marks=<file>` in linkgit:git-fast-export[1].
'import-marks' <file>::
This modifies the 'export' capability, instructing Git to load the
marks specified in <file> before processing any input. For details,
- read up on '--import-marks=<file>' in linkgit:git-fast-export[1].
+ read up on `--import-marks=<file>` in linkgit:git-fast-export[1].
'signed-tags'::
This modifies the 'export' capability, instructing Git to pass
- '--signed-tags=verbatim' to linkgit:git-fast-export[1]. In the
- absence of this capability, Git will use '--signed-tags=warn-strip'.
+ `--signed-tags=verbatim` to linkgit:git-fast-export[1]. In the
+ absence of this capability, Git will use `--signed-tags=warn-strip`.
@@ -298,7 +298,7 @@ Supported if the helper has the "fetch" capability.
is followed by a blank line). For example, the following would
be two batches of 'push', the first asking the remote-helper
to push the local ref 'master' to the remote ref 'master' and
- the local 'HEAD' to the remote 'branch', and the second
+ the local `HEAD` to the remote 'branch', and the second
asking to push ref 'foo' to ref 'bar' (forced update requested
by the '+').
+
@@ -415,6 +415,17 @@ set by Git if the remote helper has the 'option' capability.
'option depth' <depth>::
Deepens the history of a shallow repository.
+'option deepen-since <timestamp>::
+ Deepens the history of a shallow repository based on time.
+
+'option deepen-not <ref>::
+ Deepens the history of a shallow repository excluding ref.
+ Multiple options add up.
+
+'option deepen-relative {'true'|'false'}::
+ Deepens the history of a shallow repository relative to
+ current boundary. Only valid when used with "option depth".
+
'option followtags' {'true'|'false'}::
If enabled the helper should automatically fetch annotated
tag objects if the object the tag points at was transferred
diff --git a/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt b/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
index 577ee84..a5f99cb 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
@@ -177,7 +177,7 @@ sharedindex.<SHA-1>::
info::
Additional information about the repository is recorded
in this directory. This directory is ignored if $GIT_COMMON_DIR
- is set and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/index" will be used instead.
+ is set and "$GIT_COMMON_DIR/info" will be used instead.
info/refs::
This file helps dumb transports discover what refs are
diff --git a/Documentation/gitrevisions.txt b/Documentation/gitrevisions.txt
index e903eb7..27dec5b 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitrevisions.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitrevisions.txt
@@ -15,9 +15,9 @@ DESCRIPTION
Many Git commands take revision parameters as arguments. Depending on
the command, they denote a specific commit or, for commands which
-walk the revision graph (such as linkgit:git-log[1]), all commits which can
-be reached from that commit. In the latter case one can also specify a
-range of revisions explicitly.
+walk the revision graph (such as linkgit:git-log[1]), all commits which are
+reachable from that commit. For commands that walk the revision graph one can
+also specify a range of revisions explicitly.
In addition, some Git commands (such as linkgit:git-show[1]) also take
revision parameters which denote other objects than commits, e.g. blobs
diff --git a/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
index 8a42270..e632089 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
@@ -246,13 +246,20 @@ $highlight_bin::
Note that 'highlight' feature must be set for gitweb to actually
use syntax highlighting.
+
-*NOTE*: if you want to add support for new file type (supported by
-"highlight" but not used by gitweb), you need to modify `%highlight_ext`
-or `%highlight_basename`, depending on whether you detect type of file
-based on extension (for example "sh") or on its basename (for example
-"Makefile"). The keys of these hashes are extension and basename,
-respectively, and value for given key is name of syntax to be passed via
-`--syntax <syntax>` to highlighter.
+*NOTE*: for a file to be highlighted, its syntax type must be detected
+and that syntax must be supported by "highlight". The default syntax
+detection is minimal, and there are many supported syntax types with no
+detection by default. There are three options for adding syntax
+detection. The first and second priority are `%highlight_basename` and
+`%highlight_ext`, which detect based on basename (the full filename, for
+example "Makefile") and extension (for example "sh"). The keys of these
+hashes are the basename and extension, respectively, and the value for a
+given key is the name of the syntax to be passed via `--syntax <syntax>`
+to "highlight". The last priority is the "highlight" configuration of
+`Shebang` regular expressions to detect the language based on the first
+line in the file, (for example, matching the line "#!/bin/bash"). See
+the highlight documentation and the default config at
+/etc/highlight/filetypes.conf for more details.
+
For example if repositories you are hosting use "phtml" extension for
PHP files, and you want to have correct syntax-highlighting for those
@@ -376,7 +383,7 @@ $site_name::
Name of your site or organization, to appear in page titles. Set it
to something descriptive for clearer bookmarks etc. If this variable
is not set or is, then gitweb uses the value of the `SERVER_NAME`
- CGI environment variable, setting site name to "$SERVER_NAME Git",
+ `CGI` environment variable, setting site name to "$SERVER_NAME Git",
or "Untitled Git" if this variable is not set (e.g. if running gitweb
as standalone script).
+
diff --git a/Documentation/gitweb.txt b/Documentation/gitweb.txt
index cd9c895..96156e5 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitweb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitweb.txt
@@ -206,8 +206,8 @@ $export_auth_hook = sub {
Per-repository gitweb configuration
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
You can configure individual repositories shown in gitweb by creating file
-in the 'GIT_DIR' of Git repository, or by setting some repo configuration
-variable (in 'GIT_DIR/config', see linkgit:git-config[1]).
+in the `GIT_DIR` of Git repository, or by setting some repo configuration
+variable (in `GIT_DIR/config`, see linkgit:git-config[1]).
You can use the following files in repository:
diff --git a/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt b/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt
index 6d772bd..15a4c80 100644
--- a/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt
+++ b/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt
@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@ your language, document it in the INSTALL file.
6. There is a file command-list.txt in the distribution main directory
that categorizes commands by type, so they can be listed in appropriate
subsections in the documentation's summary command list. Add an entry
-for yours. To understand the categories, look at git-commands.txt
+for yours. To understand the categories, look at command-list.txt
in the main directory. If the new command is part of the typical Git
workflow and you believe it common enough to be mentioned in 'git help',
map this command to a common group in the column [common].
diff --git a/Documentation/howto/revert-a-faulty-merge.txt b/Documentation/howto/revert-a-faulty-merge.txt
index 462255e..19f59cc 100644
--- a/Documentation/howto/revert-a-faulty-merge.txt
+++ b/Documentation/howto/revert-a-faulty-merge.txt
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ The history immediately after the "revert of the merge" would look like
this:
---o---o---o---M---x---x---W
- /
+ /
---A---B
where A and B are on the side development that was not so good, M is the
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ After the developers of the side branch fix their mistakes, the history
may look like this:
---o---o---o---M---x---x---W---x
- /
+ /
---A---B-------------------C---D
where C and D are to fix what was broken in A and B, and you may already
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ In such a situation, you would want to first revert the previous revert,
which would make the history look like this:
---o---o---o---M---x---x---W---x---Y
- /
+ /
---A---B-------------------C---D
where Y is the revert of W. Such a "revert of the revert" can be done
@@ -93,14 +93,14 @@ This history would (ignoring possible conflicts between what W and W..Y
changed) be equivalent to not having W or Y at all in the history:
---o---o---o---M---x---x-------x----
- /
+ /
---A---B-------------------C---D
and merging the side branch again will not have conflict arising from an
earlier revert and revert of the revert.
---o---o---o---M---x---x-------x-------*
- / /
+ / /
---A---B-------------------C---D
Of course the changes made in C and D still can conflict with what was
@@ -111,13 +111,13 @@ faulty A and B, and redone the changes on top of the updated mainline
after the revert, the history would have looked like this:
---o---o---o---M---x---x---W---x---x
- / \
+ / \
---A---B A'--B'--C'
If you reverted the revert in such a case as in the previous example:
---o---o---o---M---x---x---W---x---x---Y---*
- / \ /
+ / \ /
---A---B A'--B'--C'
where Y is the revert of W, A' and B' are rerolled A and B, and there may
@@ -129,7 +129,7 @@ lot of overlapping changes that result in conflicts. So do not do "revert
of revert" blindly without thinking..
---o---o---o---M---x---x---W---x---x
- / \
+ / \
---A---B A'--B'--C'
In the history with rebased side branch, W (and M) are behind the merge
diff --git a/Documentation/lint-gitlink.perl b/Documentation/lint-gitlink.perl
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..476cc30
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/lint-gitlink.perl
@@ -0,0 +1,71 @@
+#!/usr/bin/perl
+
+use File::Find;
+use Getopt::Long;
+
+my $basedir = ".";
+GetOptions("basedir=s" => \$basedir)
+ or die("Cannot parse command line arguments\n");
+
+my $found_errors = 0;
+
+sub report {
+ my ($where, $what, $error) = @_;
+ print "$where: $error: $what\n";
+ $found_errors = 1;
+}
+
+sub grab_section {
+ my ($page) = @_;
+ open my $fh, "<", "$basedir/$page.txt";
+ my $firstline = <$fh>;
+ chomp $firstline;
+ close $fh;
+ my ($section) = ($firstline =~ /.*\((\d)\)$/);
+ return $section;
+}
+
+sub lint {
+ my ($file) = @_;
+ open my $fh, "<", $file
+ or return;
+ while (<$fh>) {
+ my $where = "$file:$.";
+ while (s/linkgit:((.*?)\[(\d)\])//) {
+ my ($target, $page, $section) = ($1, $2, $3);
+
+ # De-AsciiDoc
+ $page =~ s/{litdd}/--/g;
+
+ if ($page !~ /^git/) {
+ report($where, $target, "nongit link");
+ next;
+ }
+ if (! -f "$basedir/$page.txt") {
+ report($where, $target, "no such source");
+ next;
+ }
+ $real_section = grab_section($page);
+ if ($real_section != $section) {
+ report($where, $target,
+ "wrong section (should be $real_section)");
+ next;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ close $fh;
+}
+
+sub lint_it {
+ lint($File::Find::name) if -f && /\.txt$/;
+}
+
+if (!@ARGV) {
+ find({ wanted => \&lint_it, no_chdir => 1 }, $basedir);
+} else {
+ for (@ARGV) {
+ lint($_);
+ }
+}
+
+exit $found_errors;
diff --git a/Documentation/merge-config.txt b/Documentation/merge-config.txt
index 002ca58..df3ea37 100644
--- a/Documentation/merge-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/merge-config.txt
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ merge.verbosity::
message if conflicts were detected. Level 1 outputs only
conflicts, 2 outputs conflicts and file changes. Level 5 and
above outputs debugging information. The default is level 2.
- Can be overridden by the 'GIT_MERGE_VERBOSITY' environment variable.
+ Can be overridden by the `GIT_MERGE_VERBOSITY` environment variable.
merge.<driver>.name::
Defines a human-readable name for a custom low-level
diff --git a/Documentation/merge-options.txt b/Documentation/merge-options.txt
index 30808a0..5b4a62e 100644
--- a/Documentation/merge-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/merge-options.txt
@@ -117,3 +117,11 @@ ifndef::git-pull[]
reporting.
endif::git-pull[]
+
+--allow-unrelated-histories::
+ By default, `git merge` command refuses to merge histories
+ that do not share a common ancestor. This option can be
+ used to override this safety when merging histories of two
+ projects that started their lives independently. As that is
+ a very rare occasion, no configuration variable to enable
+ this by default exists and will not be added.
diff --git a/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt b/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
index 29b19b9..47b286b 100644
--- a/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
@@ -143,12 +143,24 @@ ifndef::git-rev-list[]
- '%N': commit notes
endif::git-rev-list[]
- '%GG': raw verification message from GPG for a signed commit
-- '%G?': show "G" for a good (valid) signature, "B" for a bad signature,
- "U" for a good signature with unknown validity and "N" for no signature
+- '%G?': show "G" for a good (valid) signature,
+ "B" for a bad signature,
+ "U" for a good signature with unknown validity,
+ "X" for a good signature that has expired,
+ "Y" for a good signature made by an expired key,
+ "R" for a good signature made by a revoked key,
+ "E" if the signature cannot be checked (e.g. missing key)
+ and "N" for no signature
- '%GS': show the name of the signer for a signed commit
- '%GK': show the key used to sign a signed commit
-- '%gD': reflog selector, e.g., `refs/stash@{1}`
-- '%gd': shortened reflog selector, e.g., `stash@{1}`
+- '%gD': reflog selector, e.g., `refs/stash@{1}` or
+ `refs/stash@{2 minutes ago`}; the format follows the rules described
+ for the `-g` option. The portion before the `@` is the refname as
+ given on the command line (so `git log -g refs/heads/master` would
+ yield `refs/heads/master@{0}`).
+- '%gd': shortened reflog selector; same as `%gD`, but the refname
+ portion is shortened for human readability (so `refs/heads/master`
+ becomes just `master`).
- '%gn': reflog identity name
- '%gN': reflog identity name (respecting .mailmap, see
linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
@@ -160,13 +172,14 @@ endif::git-rev-list[]
- '%Cgreen': switch color to green
- '%Cblue': switch color to blue
- '%Creset': reset color
-- '%C(...)': color specification, as described in color.branch.* config option;
+- '%C(...)': color specification, as described under Values in the
+ "CONFIGURATION FILE" section of linkgit:git-config[1];
adding `auto,` at the beginning will emit color only when colors are
enabled for log output (by `color.diff`, `color.ui`, or `--color`, and
respecting the `auto` settings of the former if we are going to a
terminal). `auto` alone (i.e. `%C(auto)`) will turn on auto coloring
on the next placeholders until the color is switched again.
-- '%m': left, right or boundary mark
+- '%m': left (`<`), right (`>`) or boundary (`-`) mark
- '%n': newline
- '%%': a raw '%'
- '%x00': print a byte from a hex code
@@ -186,6 +199,8 @@ endif::git-rev-list[]
than given and there are spaces on its left, use those spaces
- '%><(<N>)', '%><|(<N>)': similar to '% <(<N>)', '%<|(<N>)'
respectively, but padding both sides (i.e. the text is centered)
+-%(trailers): display the trailers of the body as interpreted by
+ linkgit:git-interpret-trailers[1]
NOTE: Some placeholders may depend on other options given to the
revision traversal engine. For example, the `%g*` reflog options will
diff --git a/Documentation/pretty-options.txt b/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
index 54b88b6..e44fc8f 100644
--- a/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@ people using 80-column terminals.
--no-abbrev-commit::
Show the full 40-byte hexadecimal commit object name. This negates
`--abbrev-commit` and those options which imply it such as
- "--oneline". It also overrides the 'log.abbrevCommit' variable.
+ "--oneline". It also overrides the `log.abbrevCommit` variable.
--oneline::
This is a shorthand for "--pretty=oneline --abbrev-commit"
@@ -42,6 +42,20 @@ people using 80-column terminals.
verbatim; this means that invalid sequences in the original
commit may be copied to the output.
+--expand-tabs=<n>::
+--expand-tabs::
+--no-expand-tabs::
+ Perform a tab expansion (replace each tab with enough spaces
+ to fill to the next display column that is multiple of '<n>')
+ in the log message before showing it in the output.
+ `--expand-tabs` is a short-hand for `--expand-tabs=8`, and
+ `--no-expand-tabs` is a short-hand for `--expand-tabs=0`,
+ which disables tab expansion.
++
+By default, tabs are expanded in pretty formats that indent the log
+message by 4 spaces (i.e. 'medium', which is the default, 'full',
+and 'fuller').
+
ifndef::git-rev-list[]
--notes[=<treeish>]::
Show the notes (see linkgit:git-notes[1]) that annotate the
@@ -51,7 +65,7 @@ ifndef::git-rev-list[]
on the command line.
+
By default, the notes shown are from the notes refs listed in the
-'core.notesRef' and 'notes.displayRef' variables (or corresponding
+`core.notesRef` and `notes.displayRef` variables (or corresponding
environment overrides). See linkgit:git-config[1] for more details.
+
With an optional '<treeish>' argument, use the treeish to find the notes
diff --git a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
index 4f009d4..5da7cf5 100644
--- a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
@@ -193,7 +193,7 @@ endif::git-rev-list[]
--stdin::
In addition to the '<commit>' listed on the command
- line, read them from the standard input. If a '--' separator is
+ line, read them from the standard input. If a `--` separator is
seen, stop reading commits and start reading paths to limit the
result.
@@ -225,7 +225,7 @@ excluded from the output.
--left-only::
--right-only::
- List only commits on the respective side of a symmetric range,
+ List only commits on the respective side of a symmetric difference,
i.e. only those which would be marked `<` resp. `>` by
`--left-right`.
+
@@ -252,10 +252,25 @@ list.
+
With `--pretty` format other than `oneline` (for obvious reasons),
this causes the output to have two extra lines of information
-taken from the reflog. By default, 'commit@\{Nth}' notation is
-used in the output. When the starting commit is specified as
-'commit@\{now}', output also uses 'commit@\{timestamp}' notation
-instead. Under `--pretty=oneline`, the commit message is
+taken from the reflog. The reflog designator in the output may be shown
+as `ref@{Nth}` (where `Nth` is the reverse-chronological index in the
+reflog) or as `ref@{timestamp}` (with the timestamp for that entry),
+depending on a few rules:
++
+--
+1. If the starting point is specified as `ref@{Nth}`, show the index
+format.
++
+2. If the starting point was specified as `ref@{now}`, show the
+timestamp format.
++
+3. If neither was used, but `--date` was given on the command line, show
+the timestamp in the format requested by `--date`.
++
+4. Otherwise, show the index format.
+--
++
+Under `--pretty=oneline`, the commit message is
prefixed with this information on the same line.
This option cannot be combined with `--reverse`.
See also linkgit:git-reflog[1].
@@ -274,6 +289,10 @@ ifdef::git-rev-list[]
Try to speed up the traversal using the pack bitmap index (if
one is available). Note that when traversing with `--objects`,
trees and blobs will not have their associated path printed.
+
+--progress=<header>::
+ Show progress reports on stderr as objects are considered. The
+ `<header>` text will be printed with each progress update.
endif::git-rev-list[]
--
@@ -638,8 +657,9 @@ avoid showing the commits from two parallel development track mixed
together.
--reverse::
- Output the commits in reverse order.
- Cannot be combined with `--walk-reflogs`.
+ Output the commits chosen to be shown (see Commit Limiting
+ section above) in reverse order. Cannot be combined with
+ `--walk-reflogs`.
Object Traversal
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -710,8 +730,8 @@ include::pretty-options.txt[]
`iso-local`), the user's local time zone is used instead.
+
`--date=relative` shows dates relative to the current time,
-e.g. ``2 hours ago''. The `-local` option cannot be used with
-`--raw` or `--relative`.
+e.g. ``2 hours ago''. The `-local` option has no effect for
+`--date=relative`.
+
`--date=local` is an alias for `--date=default-local`.
+
@@ -731,7 +751,18 @@ format, often found in email messages.
+
`--date=short` shows only the date, but not the time, in `YYYY-MM-DD` format.
+
-`--date=raw` shows the date in the internal raw Git format `%s %z` format.
+`--date=raw` shows the date as seconds since the epoch (1970-01-01
+00:00:00 UTC), followed by a space, and then the timezone as an offset
+from UTC (a `+` or `-` with four digits; the first two are hours, and
+the second two are minutes). I.e., as if the timestamp were formatted
+with `strftime("%s %z")`).
+Note that the `-local` option does not affect the seconds-since-epoch
+value (which is always measured in UTC), but does switch the accompanying
+timezone value.
++
+`--date=unix` shows the date as a Unix epoch timestamp (seconds since
+1970). As with `--raw`, this is always in UTC and therefore `-local`
+has no effect.
+
`--date=format:...` feeds the format `...` to your system `strftime`.
Use `--date=format:%c` to show the date in your system locale's
@@ -766,7 +797,7 @@ ifdef::git-rev-list[]
endif::git-rev-list[]
--left-right::
- Mark which side of a symmetric diff a commit is reachable from.
+ Mark which side of a symmetric difference a commit is reachable from.
Commits from the left side are prefixed with `<` and those from
the right with `>`. If combined with `--boundary`, those
commits are prefixed with `-`.
diff --git a/Documentation/revisions.txt b/Documentation/revisions.txt
index 19314e3..ba11b9c 100644
--- a/Documentation/revisions.txt
+++ b/Documentation/revisions.txt
@@ -28,8 +28,8 @@ blobs contained in a commit.
first match in the following rules:
. If '$GIT_DIR/<refname>' exists, that is what you mean (this is usually
- useful only for 'HEAD', 'FETCH_HEAD', 'ORIG_HEAD', 'MERGE_HEAD'
- and 'CHERRY_PICK_HEAD');
+ useful only for `HEAD`, `FETCH_HEAD`, `ORIG_HEAD`, `MERGE_HEAD`
+ and `CHERRY_PICK_HEAD`);
. otherwise, 'refs/<refname>' if it exists;
@@ -41,16 +41,16 @@ blobs contained in a commit.
. otherwise, 'refs/remotes/<refname>/HEAD' if it exists.
+
-'HEAD' names the commit on which you based the changes in the working tree.
-'FETCH_HEAD' records the branch which you fetched from a remote repository
+`HEAD` names the commit on which you based the changes in the working tree.
+`FETCH_HEAD` records the branch which you fetched from a remote repository
with your last `git fetch` invocation.
-'ORIG_HEAD' is created by commands that move your 'HEAD' in a drastic
-way, to record the position of the 'HEAD' before their operation, so that
+`ORIG_HEAD` is created by commands that move your `HEAD` in a drastic
+way, to record the position of the `HEAD` before their operation, so that
you can easily change the tip of the branch back to the state before you ran
them.
-'MERGE_HEAD' records the commit(s) which you are merging into your branch
+`MERGE_HEAD` records the commit(s) which you are merging into your branch
when you run `git merge`.
-'CHERRY_PICK_HEAD' records the commit which you are cherry-picking
+`CHERRY_PICK_HEAD` records the commit which you are cherry-picking
when you run `git cherry-pick`.
+
Note that any of the 'refs/*' cases above may come either from
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ While the ref name encoding is unspecified, UTF-8 is preferred as
some output processing may assume ref names in UTF-8.
'@'::
- '@' alone is a shortcut for 'HEAD'.
+ '@' alone is a shortcut for `HEAD`.
'<refname>@{<date>}', e.g. 'master@\{yesterday\}', 'HEAD@{5 minutes ago}'::
A ref followed by the suffix '@' with a date specification
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ some output processing may assume ref names in UTF-8.
existing log ('$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>'). Note that this looks up the state
of your *local* ref at a given time; e.g., what was in your local
'master' branch last week. If you want to look at commits made during
- certain times, see '--since' and '--until'.
+ certain times, see `--since` and `--until`.
'<refname>@{<n>}', e.g. 'master@\{1\}'::
A ref followed by the suffix '@' with an ordinal specification
@@ -101,7 +101,7 @@ some output processing may assume ref names in UTF-8.
'<branchname>@\{push\}', e.g. 'master@\{push\}', '@\{push\}'::
The suffix '@\{push}' reports the branch "where we would push to" if
`git push` were run while `branchname` was checked out (or the current
- 'HEAD' if no branchname is specified). Since our push destination is
+ `HEAD` if no branchname is specified). Since our push destination is
in a remote repository, of course, we report the local tracking branch
that corresponds to that branch (i.e., something in 'refs/remotes/').
+
@@ -237,58 +237,91 @@ SPECIFYING RANGES
-----------------
History traversing commands such as `git log` operate on a set
-of commits, not just a single commit. To these commands,
-specifying a single revision with the notation described in the
-previous section means the set of commits reachable from that
-commit, following the commit ancestry chain.
-
-To exclude commits reachable from a commit, a prefix '{caret}'
-notation is used. E.g. '{caret}r1 r2' means commits reachable
-from 'r2' but exclude the ones reachable from 'r1'.
-
-This set operation appears so often that there is a shorthand
-for it. When you have two commits 'r1' and 'r2' (named according
-to the syntax explained in SPECIFYING REVISIONS above), you can ask
-for commits that are reachable from r2 excluding those that are reachable
-from r1 by '{caret}r1 r2' and it can be written as 'r1..r2'.
-
-A similar notation 'r1\...r2' is called symmetric difference
-of 'r1' and 'r2' and is defined as
-'r1 r2 --not $(git merge-base --all r1 r2)'.
-It is the set of commits that are reachable from either one of
-'r1' or 'r2' but not from both.
-
-In these two shorthands, you can omit one end and let it default to HEAD.
+of commits, not just a single commit.
+
+For these commands,
+specifying a single revision, using the notation described in the
+previous section, means the set of commits `reachable` from the given
+commit.
+
+A commit's reachable set is the commit itself and the commits in
+its ancestry chain.
+
+
+Commit Exclusions
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+'{caret}<rev>' (caret) Notation::
+ To exclude commits reachable from a commit, a prefix '{caret}'
+ notation is used. E.g. '{caret}r1 r2' means commits reachable
+ from 'r2' but exclude the ones reachable from 'r1' (i.e. 'r1' and
+ its ancestors).
+
+Dotted Range Notations
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The '..' (two-dot) Range Notation::
+ The '{caret}r1 r2' set operation appears so often that there is a shorthand
+ for it. When you have two commits 'r1' and 'r2' (named according
+ to the syntax explained in SPECIFYING REVISIONS above), you can ask
+ for commits that are reachable from r2 excluding those that are reachable
+ from r1 by '{caret}r1 r2' and it can be written as 'r1..r2'.
+
+The '...' (three dot) Symmetric Difference Notation::
+ A similar notation 'r1\...r2' is called symmetric difference
+ of 'r1' and 'r2' and is defined as
+ 'r1 r2 --not $(git merge-base --all r1 r2)'.
+ It is the set of commits that are reachable from either one of
+ 'r1' (left side) or 'r2' (right side) but not from both.
+
+In these two shorthand notations, you can omit one end and let it default to HEAD.
For example, 'origin..' is a shorthand for 'origin..HEAD' and asks "What
did I do since I forked from the origin branch?" Similarly, '..origin'
is a shorthand for 'HEAD..origin' and asks "What did the origin do since
I forked from them?" Note that '..' would mean 'HEAD..HEAD' which is an
empty range that is both reachable and unreachable from HEAD.
-Two other shorthands for naming a set that is formed by a commit
-and its parent commits exist. The 'r1{caret}@' notation means all
-parents of 'r1'. 'r1{caret}!' includes commit 'r1' but excludes
-all of its parents.
+Other <rev>{caret} Parent Shorthand Notations
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+Three other shorthands exist, particularly useful for merge commits,
+for naming a set that is formed by a commit and its parent commits.
+
+The 'r1{caret}@' notation means all parents of 'r1'.
+
+The 'r1{caret}!' notation includes commit 'r1' but excludes all of its parents.
+By itself, this notation denotes the single commit 'r1'.
+
+The '<rev>{caret}-{<n>}' notation includes '<rev>' but excludes the <n>th
+parent (i.e. a shorthand for '<rev>{caret}<n>..<rev>'), with '<n>' = 1 if
+not given. This is typically useful for merge commits where you
+can just pass '<commit>{caret}-' to get all the commits in the branch
+that was merged in merge commit '<commit>' (including '<commit>'
+itself).
+
+While '<rev>{caret}<n>' was about specifying a single commit parent, these
+three notations also consider its parents. For example you can say
+'HEAD{caret}2{caret}@', however you cannot say 'HEAD{caret}@{caret}2'.
-To summarize:
+Revision Range Summary
+----------------------
'<rev>'::
- Include commits that are reachable from (i.e. ancestors of)
- <rev>.
+ Include commits that are reachable from <rev> (i.e. <rev> and its
+ ancestors).
'{caret}<rev>'::
- Exclude commits that are reachable from (i.e. ancestors of)
- <rev>.
+ Exclude commits that are reachable from <rev> (i.e. <rev> and its
+ ancestors).
'<rev1>..<rev2>'::
Include commits that are reachable from <rev2> but exclude
those that are reachable from <rev1>. When either <rev1> or
- <rev2> is omitted, it defaults to 'HEAD'.
+ <rev2> is omitted, it defaults to `HEAD`.
'<rev1>\...<rev2>'::
Include commits that are reachable from either <rev1> or
<rev2> but exclude those that are reachable from both. When
- either <rev1> or <rev2> is omitted, it defaults to 'HEAD'.
+ either <rev1> or <rev2> is omitted, it defaults to `HEAD`.
'<rev>{caret}@', e.g. 'HEAD{caret}@'::
A suffix '{caret}' followed by an at sign is the same as listing
@@ -300,16 +333,33 @@ To summarize:
as giving commit '<rev>' and then all its parents prefixed with
'{caret}' to exclude them (and their ancestors).
-Here are a handful of examples:
-
- D G H D
- D F G H I J D F
- ^G D H D
- ^D B E I J F B
- B..C C
- B...C G H D E B C
- ^D B C E I J F B C
- C I J F C
- C^@ I J F
- C^! C
- F^! D G H D F
+'<rev>{caret}-{<n>}', e.g. 'HEAD{caret}-, HEAD{caret}-2'::
+ Equivalent to '<rev>{caret}<n>..<rev>', with '<n>' = 1 if not
+ given.
+
+Here are a handful of examples using the Loeliger illustration above,
+with each step in the notation's expansion and selection carefully
+spelt out:
+
+ Args Expanded arguments Selected commits
+ D G H D
+ D F G H I J D F
+ ^G D H D
+ ^D B E I J F B
+ ^D B C E I J F B C
+ C I J F C
+ B..C = ^B C C
+ B...C = B ^F C G H D E B C
+ B^- = B^..B
+ = ^B^1 B E I J F B
+ C^@ = C^1
+ = F I J F
+ B^@ = B^1 B^2 B^3
+ = D E F D G H E F I J
+ C^! = C ^C^@
+ = C ^C^1
+ = C ^F C
+ B^! = B ^B^@
+ = B ^B^1 ^B^2 ^B^3
+ = B ^D ^E ^F B
+ F^! D = F ^I ^J D G H D F
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-hashmap.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-hashmap.txt
index ad7a5bd..28f5a8b 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-hashmap.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-hashmap.txt
@@ -104,6 +104,11 @@ If `free_entries` is true, each hashmap_entry in the map is freed as well
`entry` points to the entry to initialize.
+
`hash` is the hash code of the entry.
++
+The hashmap_entry structure does not hold references to external resources,
+and it is safe to just discard it once you are done with it (i.e. if
+your structure was allocated with xmalloc(), you can just free(3) it,
+and if it is on stack, you can just let it go out of scope).
`void *hashmap_get(const struct hashmap *map, const void *key, const void *keydata)`::
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
index 695bd4b..27bd701 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
@@ -144,8 +144,12 @@ There are some macros to easily define options:
`OPT_COUNTUP(short, long, &int_var, description)`::
Introduce a count-up option.
- `int_var` is incremented on each use of `--option`, and
- reset to zero with `--no-option`.
+ Each use of `--option` increments `int_var`, starting from zero
+ (even if initially negative), and `--no-option` resets it to
+ zero. To determine if `--option` or `--no-option` was encountered at
+ all, initialize `int_var` to a negative value, and if it is still
+ negative after parse_options(), then neither `--option` nor
+ `--no-option` was seen.
`OPT_BIT(short, long, &int_var, description, mask)`::
Introduce a boolean option.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt
index 3e75497..dcc5294 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt
@@ -38,16 +38,20 @@ Functions
`sha1_array_for_each_unique`::
Efficiently iterate over each unique element of the list,
executing the callback function for each one. If the array is
- not sorted, this function has the side effect of sorting it.
+ not sorted, this function has the side effect of sorting it. If
+ the callback returns a non-zero value, the iteration ends
+ immediately and the callback's return is propagated; otherwise,
+ 0 is returned.
Examples
--------
-----------------------------------------
-void print_callback(const unsigned char sha1[20],
+int print_callback(const unsigned char sha1[20],
void *data)
{
printf("%s\n", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
+ return 0; /* always continue */
}
void some_func(void)
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-submodule-config.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-submodule-config.txt
index 941fa17..3dce003 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-submodule-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-submodule-config.txt
@@ -47,16 +47,20 @@ Functions
Can be passed to the config parsing infrastructure to parse
local (worktree) submodule configurations.
-`const struct submodule *submodule_from_path(const unsigned char *commit_sha1, const char *path)`::
+`const struct submodule *submodule_from_path(const unsigned char *treeish_name, const char *path)`::
- Lookup values for one submodule by its commit_sha1 and path.
+ Given a tree-ish in the superproject and a path, return the
+ submodule that is bound at the path in the named tree.
-`const struct submodule *submodule_from_name(const unsigned char *commit_sha1, const char *name)`::
+`const struct submodule *submodule_from_name(const unsigned char *treeish_name, const char *name)`::
The same as above but lookup by name.
-If given the null_sha1 as commit_sha1 the local configuration of a
-submodule will be returned (e.g. consolidated values from local git
+Whenever a submodule configuration is parsed in `parse_submodule_config_option`
+via e.g. `gitmodules_config()`, it will overwrite the null_sha1 entry.
+So in the normal case, when HEAD:.gitmodules is parsed first and then overlayed
+with the repository configuration, the null_sha1 entry contains the local
+configuration of a submodule (e.g. consolidated values from local git
configuration and the .gitmodules file in the worktree).
For an example usage see test-submodule-config.c.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt b/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
index 8b36343..c59ac99 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
@@ -219,7 +219,9 @@ out of what the server said it could do with the first 'want' line.
shallow-line = PKT-LINE("shallow" SP obj-id)
- depth-request = PKT-LINE("deepen" SP depth)
+ depth-request = PKT-LINE("deepen" SP depth) /
+ PKT-LINE("deepen-since" SP timestamp) /
+ PKT-LINE("deepen-not" SP ref)
first-want = PKT-LINE("want" SP obj-id SP capability-list)
additional-want = PKT-LINE("want" SP obj-id)
@@ -307,7 +309,7 @@ In multi_ack mode:
ready to make a packfile, it will blindly ACK all 'have' obj-ids
back to the client.
- * the server will then send a 'NACK' and then wait for another response
+ * the server will then send a 'NAK' and then wait for another response
from the client - either a 'done' or another list of 'have' lines.
In multi_ack_detailed mode:
@@ -454,7 +456,8 @@ The reference discovery phase is done nearly the same way as it is in the
fetching protocol. Each reference obj-id and name on the server is sent
in packet-line format to the client, followed by a flush-pkt. The only
real difference is that the capability listing is different - the only
-possible values are 'report-status', 'delete-refs' and 'ofs-delta'.
+possible values are 'report-status', 'delete-refs', 'ofs-delta' and
+'push-options'.
Reference Update Request and Packfile Transfer
----------------------------------------------
@@ -465,9 +468,10 @@ that it wants to update, it sends a line listing the obj-id currently on
the server, the obj-id the client would like to update it to and the name
of the reference.
-This list is followed by a flush-pkt and then the packfile that should
-contain all the objects that the server will need to complete the new
-references.
+This list is followed by a flush-pkt. Then the push options are transmitted
+one per packet followed by another flush-pkt. After that the packfile that
+should contain all the objects that the server will need to complete the new
+references will be sent.
----
update-request = *shallow ( command-list | push-cert ) [packfile]
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt b/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt
index eaab6b4..26dcc6f 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt
@@ -179,6 +179,31 @@ This capability adds "deepen", "shallow" and "unshallow" commands to
the fetch-pack/upload-pack protocol so clients can request shallow
clones.
+deepen-since
+------------
+
+This capability adds "deepen-since" command to fetch-pack/upload-pack
+protocol so the client can request shallow clones that are cut at a
+specific time, instead of depth. Internally it's equivalent of doing
+"rev-list --max-age=<timestamp>" on the server side. "deepen-since"
+cannot be used with "deepen".
+
+deepen-not
+----------
+
+This capability adds "deepen-not" command to fetch-pack/upload-pack
+protocol so the client can request shallow clones that are cut at a
+specific revision, instead of depth. Internally it's equivalent of
+doing "rev-list --not <rev>" on the server side. "deepen-not"
+cannot be used with "deepen", but can be used with "deepen-since".
+
+deepen-relative
+---------------
+
+If this capability is requested by the client, the semantics of
+"deepen" command is changed. The "depth" argument is the depth from
+the current shallow boundary, instead of the depth from remote refs.
+
no-progress
-----------
@@ -253,6 +278,15 @@ atomic pushes. If the pushing client requests this capability, the server
will update the refs in one atomic transaction. Either all refs are
updated or none.
+push-options
+------------
+
+If the server sends the 'push-options' capability it is able to accept
+push options after the update commands have been sent, but before the
+packfile is streamed. If the pushing client requests this capability,
+the server will pass the options to the pre- and post- receive hooks
+that process this push request.
+
allow-tip-sha1-in-want
----------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/protocol-common.txt b/Documentation/technical/protocol-common.txt
index bf30167..ecedb34 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/protocol-common.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/protocol-common.txt
@@ -67,9 +67,9 @@ with non-binary data the same whether or not they contain the trailing
LF (stripping the LF if present, and not complaining when it is
missing).
-The maximum length of a pkt-line's data component is 65520 bytes.
-Implementations MUST NOT send pkt-line whose length exceeds 65524
-(65520 bytes of payload + 4 bytes of length data).
+The maximum length of a pkt-line's data component is 65516 bytes.
+Implementations MUST NOT send pkt-line whose length exceeds 65520
+(65516 bytes of payload + 4 bytes of length data).
Implementations SHOULD NOT send an empty pkt-line ("0004").
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/signature-format.txt b/Documentation/technical/signature-format.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2c9406a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/technical/signature-format.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,186 @@
+Git signature format
+====================
+
+== Overview
+
+Git uses cryptographic signatures in various places, currently objects (tags,
+commits, mergetags) and transactions (pushes). In every case, the command which
+is about to create an object or transaction determines a payload from that,
+calls gpg to obtain a detached signature for the payload (`gpg -bsa`) and
+embeds the signature into the object or transaction.
+
+Signatures always begin with `-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----`
+and end with `-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----`, unless gpg is told to
+produce RFC1991 signatures which use `MESSAGE` instead of `SIGNATURE`.
+
+The signed payload and the way the signature is embedded depends
+on the type of the object resp. transaction.
+
+== Tag signatures
+
+- created by: `git tag -s`
+- payload: annotated tag object
+- embedding: append the signature to the unsigned tag object
+- example: tag `signedtag` with subject `signed tag`
+
+----
+object 04b871796dc0420f8e7561a895b52484b701d51a
+type commit
+tag signedtag
+tagger C O Mitter <committer@example.com> 1465981006 +0000
+
+signed tag
+
+signed tag message body
+-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----
+Version: GnuPG v1
+
+iQEcBAABAgAGBQJXYRhOAAoJEGEJLoW3InGJklkIAIcnhL7RwEb/+QeX9enkXhxn
+rxfdqrvWd1K80sl2TOt8Bg/NYwrUBw/RWJ+sg/hhHp4WtvE1HDGHlkEz3y11Lkuh
+8tSxS3qKTxXUGozyPGuE90sJfExhZlW4knIQ1wt/yWqM+33E9pN4hzPqLwyrdods
+q8FWEqPPUbSJXoMbRPw04S5jrLtZSsUWbRYjmJCHzlhSfFWW4eFd37uquIaLUBS0
+rkC3Jrx7420jkIpgFcTI2s60uhSQLzgcCwdA2ukSYIRnjg/zDkj8+3h/GaROJ72x
+lZyI6HWixKJkWw8lE9aAOD9TmTW9sFJwcVAzmAuFX2kUreDUKMZduGcoRYGpD7E=
+=jpXa
+-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
+----
+
+- verify with: `git verify-tag [-v]` or `git tag -v`
+
+----
+gpg: Signature made Wed Jun 15 10:56:46 2016 CEST using RSA key ID B7227189
+gpg: Good signature from "Eris Discordia <discord@example.net>"
+gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
+gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.
+Primary key fingerprint: D4BE 2231 1AD3 131E 5EDA 29A4 6109 2E85 B722 7189
+object 04b871796dc0420f8e7561a895b52484b701d51a
+type commit
+tag signedtag
+tagger C O Mitter <committer@example.com> 1465981006 +0000
+
+signed tag
+
+signed tag message body
+----
+
+== Commit signatures
+
+- created by: `git commit -S`
+- payload: commit object
+- embedding: header entry `gpgsig`
+ (content is preceded by a space)
+- example: commit with subject `signed commit`
+
+----
+tree eebfed94e75e7760540d1485c740902590a00332
+parent 04b871796dc0420f8e7561a895b52484b701d51a
+author A U Thor <author@example.com> 1465981137 +0000
+committer C O Mitter <committer@example.com> 1465981137 +0000
+gpgsig -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----
+ Version: GnuPG v1
+
+ iQEcBAABAgAGBQJXYRjRAAoJEGEJLoW3InGJ3IwIAIY4SA6GxY3BjL60YyvsJPh/
+ HRCJwH+w7wt3Yc/9/bW2F+gF72kdHOOs2jfv+OZhq0q4OAN6fvVSczISY/82LpS7
+ DVdMQj2/YcHDT4xrDNBnXnviDO9G7am/9OE77kEbXrp7QPxvhjkicHNwy2rEflAA
+ zn075rtEERDHr8nRYiDh8eVrefSO7D+bdQ7gv+7GsYMsd2auJWi1dHOSfTr9HIF4
+ HJhWXT9d2f8W+diRYXGh4X0wYiGg6na/soXc+vdtDYBzIxanRqjg8jCAeo1eOTk1
+ EdTwhcTZlI0x5pvJ3H0+4hA2jtldVtmPM4OTB0cTrEWBad7XV6YgiyuII73Ve3I=
+ =jKHM
+ -----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
+
+signed commit
+
+signed commit message body
+----
+
+- verify with: `git verify-commit [-v]` (or `git show --show-signature`)
+
+----
+gpg: Signature made Wed Jun 15 10:58:57 2016 CEST using RSA key ID B7227189
+gpg: Good signature from "Eris Discordia <discord@example.net>"
+gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
+gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.
+Primary key fingerprint: D4BE 2231 1AD3 131E 5EDA 29A4 6109 2E85 B722 7189
+tree eebfed94e75e7760540d1485c740902590a00332
+parent 04b871796dc0420f8e7561a895b52484b701d51a
+author A U Thor <author@example.com> 1465981137 +0000
+committer C O Mitter <committer@example.com> 1465981137 +0000
+
+signed commit
+
+signed commit message body
+----
+
+== Mergetag signatures
+
+- created by: `git merge` on signed tag
+- payload/embedding: the whole signed tag object is embedded into
+ the (merge) commit object as header entry `mergetag`
+- example: merge of the signed tag `signedtag` as above
+
+----
+tree c7b1cff039a93f3600a1d18b82d26688668c7dea
+parent c33429be94b5f2d3ee9b0adad223f877f174b05d
+parent 04b871796dc0420f8e7561a895b52484b701d51a
+author A U Thor <author@example.com> 1465982009 +0000
+committer C O Mitter <committer@example.com> 1465982009 +0000
+mergetag object 04b871796dc0420f8e7561a895b52484b701d51a
+ type commit
+ tag signedtag
+ tagger C O Mitter <committer@example.com> 1465981006 +0000
+
+ signed tag
+
+ signed tag message body
+ -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----
+ Version: GnuPG v1
+
+ iQEcBAABAgAGBQJXYRhOAAoJEGEJLoW3InGJklkIAIcnhL7RwEb/+QeX9enkXhxn
+ rxfdqrvWd1K80sl2TOt8Bg/NYwrUBw/RWJ+sg/hhHp4WtvE1HDGHlkEz3y11Lkuh
+ 8tSxS3qKTxXUGozyPGuE90sJfExhZlW4knIQ1wt/yWqM+33E9pN4hzPqLwyrdods
+ q8FWEqPPUbSJXoMbRPw04S5jrLtZSsUWbRYjmJCHzlhSfFWW4eFd37uquIaLUBS0
+ rkC3Jrx7420jkIpgFcTI2s60uhSQLzgcCwdA2ukSYIRnjg/zDkj8+3h/GaROJ72x
+ lZyI6HWixKJkWw8lE9aAOD9TmTW9sFJwcVAzmAuFX2kUreDUKMZduGcoRYGpD7E=
+ =jpXa
+ -----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
+
+Merge tag 'signedtag' into downstream
+
+signed tag
+
+signed tag message body
+
+# gpg: Signature made Wed Jun 15 08:56:46 2016 UTC using RSA key ID B7227189
+# gpg: Good signature from "Eris Discordia <discord@example.net>"
+# gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
+# gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.
+# Primary key fingerprint: D4BE 2231 1AD3 131E 5EDA 29A4 6109 2E85 B722 7189
+----
+
+- verify with: verification is embedded in merge commit message by default,
+ alternatively with `git show --show-signature`:
+
+----
+commit 9863f0c76ff78712b6800e199a46aa56afbcbd49
+merged tag 'signedtag'
+gpg: Signature made Wed Jun 15 10:56:46 2016 CEST using RSA key ID B7227189
+gpg: Good signature from "Eris Discordia <discord@example.net>"
+gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
+gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.
+Primary key fingerprint: D4BE 2231 1AD3 131E 5EDA 29A4 6109 2E85 B722 7189
+Merge: c33429b 04b8717
+Author: A U Thor <author@example.com>
+Date: Wed Jun 15 09:13:29 2016 +0000
+
+ Merge tag 'signedtag' into downstream
+
+ signed tag
+
+ signed tag message body
+
+ # gpg: Signature made Wed Jun 15 08:56:46 2016 UTC using RSA key ID B7227189
+ # gpg: Good signature from "Eris Discordia <discord@example.net>"
+ # gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
+ # gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.
+ # Primary key fingerprint: D4BE 2231 1AD3 131E 5EDA 29A4 6109 2E85 B722 7189
+----