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-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-format.txt82
1 files changed, 72 insertions, 10 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-format.txt b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
index 617d8f5..e4520e2 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
@@ -144,8 +144,10 @@ the file that rename/copy produces, respectively.
dissimilarity index <number>
index <hash>..<hash> <mode>
-3. TAB, LF, and backslash characters in pathnames are
- represented as `\t`, `\n`, and `\\`, respectively.
+3. TAB, LF, double quote and backslash characters in pathnames
+ are represented as `\t`, `\n`, `\"` and `\\`, respectively.
+ If there is need for such substitution then the whole
+ pathname is put in double quotes.
combined diff format
@@ -156,31 +158,91 @@ to produce 'combined diff', which looks like this:
------------
diff --combined describe.c
-@@@ +98,7 @@@
- return (a_date > b_date) ? -1 : (a_date == b_date) ? 0 : 1;
+index fabadb8,cc95eb0..4866510
+--- a/describe.c
++++ b/describe.c
+@@@ -98,20 -98,12 +98,20 @@@
+ return (a_date > b_date) ? -1 : (a_date == b_date) ? 0 : 1;
}
-
+
- static void describe(char *arg)
-static void describe(struct commit *cmit, int last_one)
++static void describe(char *arg, int last_one)
{
- + unsigned char sha1[20];
- + struct commit *cmit;
+ + unsigned char sha1[20];
+ + struct commit *cmit;
+ struct commit_list *list;
+ static int initialized = 0;
+ struct commit_name *n;
+
+ + if (get_sha1(arg, sha1) < 0)
+ + usage(describe_usage);
+ + cmit = lookup_commit_reference(sha1);
+ + if (!cmit)
+ + usage(describe_usage);
+ +
+ if (!initialized) {
+ initialized = 1;
+ for_each_ref(get_name);
------------
+1. It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like
+ this (when '-c' option is used):
+
+ diff --combined file
++
+or like this (when '--cc' option is used):
+
+ diff --c file
+
+2. It is followed by one or more extended header lines
+ (this example shows a merge with two parents):
+
+ index <hash>,<hash>..<hash>
+ mode <mode>,<mode>..<mode>
+ new file mode <mode>
+ deleted file mode <mode>,<mode>
++
+The `mode <mode>,<mode>..<mode>` line appears only if at least one of
+the <mode> is diferent from the rest. Extended headers with
+information about detected contents movement (renames and
+copying detection) are designed to work with diff of two
+<tree-ish> and are not used by combined diff format.
+
+3. It is followed by two-line from-file/to-file header
+
+ --- a/file
+ +++ b/file
++
+Similar to two-line header for traditional 'unified' diff
+format, `/dev/null` is used to signal created or deleted
+files.
+
+4. Chunk header format is modified to prevent people from
+ accidentally feeding it to `patch -p1`. Combined diff format
+ was created for review of merge commit changes, and was not
+ meant for apply. The change is similar to the change in the
+ extended 'index' header:
+
+ @@@ <from-file-range> <from-file-range> <to-file-range> @@@
++
+There are (number of parents + 1) `@` characters in the chunk
+header for combined diff format.
+
Unlike the traditional 'unified' diff format, which shows two
files A and B with a single column that has `-` (minus --
appears in A but removed in B), `+` (plus -- missing in A but
-added to B), or ` ` (space -- unchanged) prefix, this format
+added to B), or `" "` (space -- unchanged) prefix, this format
compares two or more files file1, file2,... with one file X, and
shows how X differs from each of fileN. One column for each of
fileN is prepended to the output line to note how X's line is
different from it.
A `-` character in the column N means that the line appears in
-fileN but it does not appear in the last file. A `+` character
+fileN but it does not appear in the result. A `+` character
in the column N means that the line appears in the last file,
-and fileN does not have that line.
+and fileN does not have that line (in other words, the line was
+added, from the point of view of that parent).
In the above example output, the function signature was changed
from both files (hence two `-` removals from both file1 and