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-rw-r--r--Documentation/Makefile24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/core-git.txt1307
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-format.txt89
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-apply-patch-script.txt32
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cat-file.txt55
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-files.txt50
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-checkout-cache.txt102
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt88
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-convert-cache.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff-cache.txt141
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff-files.txt51
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff-tree-helper.txt49
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt126
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-export.txt31
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fsck-cache.txt122
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-http-pull.txt39
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-init-db.txt40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-local-pull.txt40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-files.txt102
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt46
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-base.txt34
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-cache.txt77
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-one-file-script.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mktag.txt48
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-prune-script.txt32
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pull-script.txt31
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-read-tree.txt152
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-resolve-script.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-list.txt32
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-tree.txt88
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rpull.txt43
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rpush.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tag-script.txt32
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tar-tree.txt32
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-unpack-file.txt37
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-cache.txt108
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-write-blob.txt33
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-write-tree.txt52
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git.txt309
-rw-r--r--Makefile18
-rw-r--r--README2
-rw-r--r--cache.h25
-rw-r--r--checkout-cache.c1
-rw-r--r--commit-tree.c10
-rw-r--r--diff-cache.c2
-rw-r--r--diff-tree-helper.c1
-rw-r--r--diff.c11
-rw-r--r--fsck-cache.c26
-rwxr-xr-xgit-apply-patch-script2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-merge-one-file-script8
-rwxr-xr-xgit-prune-script12
-rwxr-xr-xgit-pull-script16
-rw-r--r--git-resolve-script15
-rwxr-xr-xgit-tag-script6
-rw-r--r--gitenv.c75
-rw-r--r--init-db.c16
-rw-r--r--local-pull.c4
-rw-r--r--read-cache.c113
-rw-r--r--rsh.c4
-rw-r--r--sha1_file.c171
-rw-r--r--tree.c2
-rw-r--r--update-cache.c35
-rw-r--r--write-tree.c35
63 files changed, 3000 insertions, 1404 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b23991d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+DOC_SRC=$(wildcard git*.txt)
+DOC_HTML=$(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(DOC_SRC))
+DOC_MAN=$(patsubst %.txt,%.1,$(DOC_SRC))
+
+all: $(DOC_HTML) $(DOC_MAN)
+
+html: $(DOC_HTML)
+
+man: $(DOC_MAN)
+
+git-%: %.c $(LIB_FILE)
+ $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -o $@ $(filter %.c,$^) $(LIBS)
+
+clean:
+ rm -f *.xml *.html *.1
+
+%.html : %.txt
+ asciidoc -b css-embedded -d manpage $<
+
+%.1 : %.xml
+ xmlto man $<
+
+%.xml : %.txt
+ asciidoc -b docbook -d manpage $<
diff --git a/Documentation/core-git.txt b/Documentation/core-git.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index 8bd8931..0000000
--- a/Documentation/core-git.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,1307 +0,0 @@
-This file contains reference information for the core git commands.
-
-The README contains much useful definition and clarification
-info - read that first. And of the commands, I suggest reading
-'git-update-cache' and 'git-read-tree' first - I wish I had!
-
-David Greaves <david@dgreaves.com>
-24/4/05
-
-Updated by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net> on 2005-05-05 to
-reflect recent changes.
-
-Identifier terminology used:
-
-<object>
- Indicates any object sha1 identifier
-
-<blob>
- Indicates a blob object sha1 identifier
-
-<tree>
- Indicates a tree object sha1 identifier
-
-<commit>
- Indicates a commit object sha1 identifier
-
-<tree-ish>
- Indicates a tree, commit or tag object sha1 identifier.
- A command that takes a <tree-ish> argument ultimately
- wants to operate on a <tree> object but automatically
- dereferences <commit> and <tag> that points at a
- <tree>.
-
-<type>
- Indicates that an object type is required.
- Currently one of: blob/tree/commit/tag
-
-<file>
- Indicates a filename - always relative to the root of
- the tree structure GIT_INDEX_FILE describes.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-apply-patch-script
-
-This is a sample script to be used as GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF to apply
-differences git-diff-* family of commands reports to the current
-work tree.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-cat-file
- git-cat-file (-t | <type>) <object>
-
-Provides contents or type of objects in the repository. The type
-is required if -t is not being used to find the object type.
-
-<object>
- The sha1 identifier of the object.
-
--t
- Instead of the content, show the object type identified
- by <object>.
-
-<type>
- Typically this matches the real type of <object> but
- asking for type that can trivially dereferenced from the
- given <object> is also permitted. An example is to ask
- "tree" with <object> for a commit object that contains
- it, or to ask "blob" with <object> for a tag object that
- points at it.
-
-Output
-
-If -t is specified, one of the <type>.
-
-Otherwise the raw (though uncompressed) contents of the <object> will
-be returned.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-check-files
- git-check-files <file>...
-
-Check that a list of files are up-to-date between the filesystem and
-the cache. Used to verify a patch target before doing a patch.
-
-Files that do not exist on the filesystem are considered up-to-date
-(whether or not they are in the cache).
-
-Emits an error message on failure.
-preparing to update existing file <file> not in cache
- <file> exists but is not in the cache
-
-preparing to update file <file> not uptodate in cache
- <file> on disk is not up-to-date with the cache
-
-Exits with a status code indicating success if all files are
-up-to-date.
-
-see also: git-update-cache
-
-
-################################################################
-git-checkout-cache
- git-checkout-cache [-q] [-a] [-f] [-n] [--prefix=<string>]
- [--] <file>...
-
-Will copy all files listed from the cache to the working directory
-(not overwriting existing files).
-
--q
- be quiet if files exist or are not in the cache
-
--f
- forces overwrite of existing files
-
--a
- checks out all files in the cache (will then continue to
- process listed files).
-
--n
- Don't checkout new files, only refresh files already checked
- out.
-
---prefix=<string>
- When creating files, prepend <string> (usually a directory
- including a trailing /)
-
---
- Do not interpret any more arguments as options.
-
-Note that the order of the flags matters:
-
- git-checkout-cache -a -f file.c
-
-will first check out all files listed in the cache (but not overwrite
-any old ones), and then force-checkout file.c a second time (ie that
-one _will_ overwrite any old contents with the same filename).
-
-Also, just doing "git-checkout-cache" does nothing. You probably meant
-"git-checkout-cache -a". And if you want to force it, you want
-"git-checkout-cache -f -a".
-
-Intuitiveness is not the goal here. Repeatability is. The reason for
-the "no arguments means no work" thing is that from scripts you are
-supposed to be able to do things like
-
- find . -name '*.h' -print0 | xargs -0 git-checkout-cache -f --
-
-which will force all existing *.h files to be replaced with their
-cached copies. If an empty command line implied "all", then this would
-force-refresh everything in the cache, which was not the point.
-
-To update and refresh only the files already checked out:
-
- git-checkout-cache -n -f -a && git-update-cache --ignore-missing --refresh
-
-Oh, and the "--" is just a good idea when you know the rest will be
-filenames. Just so that you wouldn't have a filename of "-a" causing
-problems (not possible in the above example, but get used to it in
-scripting!).
-
-The prefix ability basically makes it trivial to use git-checkout-cache as
-a "git-export as tree" function. Just read the desired tree into the
-index, and do a
-
- git-checkout-cache --prefix=git-export-dir/ -a
-
-and git-checkout-cache will "git-export" the cache into the specified
-directory.
-
-NOTE! The final "/" is important. The git-exported name is literally just
-prefixed with the specified string, so you can also do something like
-
- git-checkout-cache --prefix=.merged- Makefile
-
-to check out the currently cached copy of "Makefile" into the file
-".merged-Makefile".
-
-
-################################################################
-git-commit-tree
- git-commit-tree <tree> [-p <parent commit>]* < changelog
-
-Creates a new commit object based on the provided tree object and
-emits the new commit object id on stdout. If no parent is given then
-it is considered to be an initial tree.
-
-A commit object usually has 1 parent (a commit after a change) or up
-to 16 parents. More than one parent represents a merge of branches
-that led to them.
-
-While a tree represents a particular directory state of a working
-directory, a commit represents that state in "time", and explains how
-to get there.
-
-Normally a commit would identify a new "HEAD" state, and while git
-doesn't care where you save the note about that state, in practice we
-tend to just write the result to the file ".git/HEAD", so that we can
-always see what the last committed state was.
-
-Options
-
-<tree>
- An existing tree object
-
--p <parent commit>
- Each -p indicates a the id of a parent commit object.
-
-
-Commit Information
-
-A commit encapsulates:
- all parent object ids
- author name, email and date
- committer name and email and the commit time.
-
-If not provided, git-commit-tree uses your name, hostname and domain to
-provide author and committer info. This can be overridden using the
-following environment variables.
- AUTHOR_NAME
- AUTHOR_EMAIL
- AUTHOR_DATE
- COMMIT_AUTHOR_NAME
- COMMIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL
-(nb <,> and '\n's are stripped)
-
-A commit comment is read from stdin (max 999 chars). If a changelog
-entry is not provided via '<' redirection, git-commit-tree will just wait
-for one to be entered and terminated with ^D
-
-see also: git-write-tree
-
-
-################################################################
-git-convert-cache
-
-Converts old-style GIT repository to the latest.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-diff-cache
- git-diff-cache [-p] [-r] [-z] [--cached] <tree-ish>
-
-Compares the content and mode of the blobs found via a tree object
-with the content of the current cache and, optionally ignoring the
-stat state of the file on disk.
-
-<tree-ish>
- The id of a tree object to diff against.
-
--p
- Generate patch (see section on generating patches)
-
--r
- This flag does not mean anything. It is there only to match
- git-diff-tree. Unlike git-diff-tree, git-diff-cache always looks
- at all the subdirectories.
-
--z
- \0 line termination on output
-
---cached
- do not consider the on-disk file at all
-
-Output format:
-
-See "Output format from git-diff-cache, git-diff-tree and git-diff-files"
-section.
-
-Operating Modes
-
-You can choose whether you want to trust the index file entirely
-(using the "--cached" flag) or ask the diff logic to show any files
-that don't match the stat state as being "tentatively changed". Both
-of these operations are very useful indeed.
-
-Cached Mode
-
-If --cached is specified, it allows you to ask:
-
- show me the differences between HEAD and the current index
- contents (the ones I'd write with a "git-write-tree")
-
-For example, let's say that you have worked on your index file, and are
-ready to commit. You want to see eactly _what_ you are going to commit is
-without having to write a new tree object and compare it that way, and to
-do that, you just do
-
- git-diff-cache --cached $(cat .git/HEAD)
-
-Example: let's say I had renamed "commit.c" to "git-commit.c", and I had
-done an "git-update-cache" to make that effective in the index file.
-"git-diff-files" wouldn't show anything at all, since the index file
-matches my working directory. But doing a git-diff-cache does:
-
- torvalds@ppc970:~/git> git-diff-cache --cached $(cat .git/HEAD)
- -100644 blob 4161aecc6700a2eb579e842af0b7f22b98443f74 commit.c
- +100644 blob 4161aecc6700a2eb579e842af0b7f22b98443f74 git-commit.c
-
-You can trivially see that the above is a rename.
-
-In fact, "git-diff-cache --cached" _should_ always be entirely equivalent to
-actually doing a "git-write-tree" and comparing that. Except this one is much
-nicer for the case where you just want to check where you are.
-
-So doing a "git-diff-cache --cached" is basically very useful when you are
-asking yourself "what have I already marked for being committed, and
-what's the difference to a previous tree".
-
-Non-cached Mode
-
-The "non-cached" mode takes a different approach, and is potentially the
-even more useful of the two in that what it does can't be emulated with a
-"git-write-tree + git-diff-tree". Thus that's the default mode. The
-non-cached version asks the question
-
- "show me the differences between HEAD and the currently checked out
- tree - index contents _and_ files that aren't up-to-date"
-
-which is obviously a very useful question too, since that tells you what
-you _could_ commit. Again, the output matches the "git-diff-tree -r"
-output to a tee, but with a twist.
-
-The twist is that if some file doesn't match the cache, we don't have a
-backing store thing for it, and we use the magic "all-zero" sha1 to show
-that. So let's say that you have edited "kernel/sched.c", but have not
-actually done an git-update-cache on it yet - there is no "object" associated
-with the new state, and you get:
-
- torvalds@ppc970:~/v2.6/linux> git-diff-cache $(cat .git/HEAD )
- *100644->100664 blob 7476bb......->000000...... kernel/sched.c
-
-ie it shows that the tree has changed, and that "kernel/sched.c" has is
-not up-to-date and may contain new stuff. The all-zero sha1 means that to
-get the real diff, you need to look at the object in the working directory
-directly rather than do an object-to-object diff.
-
-NOTE! As with other commands of this type, "git-diff-cache" does not
-actually look at the contents of the file at all. So maybe
-"kernel/sched.c" hasn't actually changed, and it's just that you touched
-it. In either case, it's a note that you need to upate-cache it to make
-the cache be in sync.
-
-NOTE 2! You can have a mixture of files show up as "has been updated" and
-"is still dirty in the working directory" together. You can always tell
-which file is in which state, since the "has been updated" ones show a
-valid sha1, and the "not in sync with the index" ones will always have the
-special all-zero sha1.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-diff-tree
- git-diff-tree [-p] [-r] [-z] [--stdin] [-m] [-s] [-v] <tree-ish> <tree-ish> [<pattern>]*
-
-Compares the content and mode of the blobs found via two tree objects.
-
-Note that git-diff-tree can use the tree encapsulated in a commit object.
-
-<tree-ish>
- The id of a tree object.
-
-<pattern>
- If provided, the results are limited to a subset of files
- matching one of these prefix strings.
- ie file matches /^<pattern1>|<pattern2>|.../
- Note that pattern does not provide any wildcard or regexp
- features.
-
--p
- generate patch (see section on generating patches). For
- git-diff-tree, this flag implies -r as well.
-
--r
- recurse
-
--z
- \0 line termination on output
-
---stdin
- When --stdin is specified, the command does not take
- <tree-ish> arguments from the command line. Instead, it
- reads either one <commit> or a pair of <tree-ish>
- separated with a single space from its standard input.
-
- When a single commit is given on one line of such input,
- it compares the commit with its parents. The following
- flags further affects its behaviour. This does not
- apply to the case where two <tree-ish> separated with a
- single space are given.
-
--m
- By default, "git-diff-tree --stdin" does not show
- differences for merge commits. With this flag, it shows
- differences to that commit from all of its parents.
-
--s
- By default, "git-diff-tree --stdin" shows differences,
- either in machine-readable form (without -p) or in patch
- form (with -p). This output can be supressed. It is
- only useful with -v flag.
-
--v
- This flag causes "git-diff-tree --stdin" to also show
- the commit message before the differences.
-
-
-Limiting Output
-
-If you're only interested in differences in a subset of files, for
-example some architecture-specific files, you might do:
-
- git-diff-tree -r <tree-ish> <tree-ish> arch/ia64 include/asm-ia64
-
-and it will only show you what changed in those two directories.
-
-Or if you are searching for what changed in just kernel/sched.c, just do
-
- git-diff-tree -r <tree-ish> <tree-ish> kernel/sched.c
-
-and it will ignore all differences to other files.
-
-The pattern is always the prefix, and is matched exactly. There are no
-wildcards. Even stricter, it has to match complete path comonent.
-I.e. "foo" does not pick up "foobar.h". "foo" does match "foo/bar.h"
-so it can be used to name subdirectories.
-
-Output format:
-
-See "Output format from git-diff-cache, git-diff-tree and git-diff-files"
-section.
-
-An example of normal usage is:
-
- torvalds@ppc970:~/git> git-diff-tree 5319e4......
- *100664->100664 blob ac348b.......->a01513....... git-fsck-cache.c
-
-which tells you that the last commit changed just one file (it's from
-this one:
-
- commit 3c6f7ca19ad4043e9e72fa94106f352897e651a8
- tree 5319e4d609cdd282069cc4dce33c1db559539b03
- parent b4e628ea30d5ab3606119d2ea5caeab141d38df7
- author Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org> Sat Apr 9 12:02:30 2005
- committer Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org> Sat Apr 9 12:02:30 2005
-
- Make "git-fsck-cache" print out all the root commits it finds.
-
- Once I do the reference tracking, I'll also make it print out all the
- HEAD commits it finds, which is even more interesting.
-
-in case you care).
-
-
-################################################################
-git-diff-tree-helper
- git-diff-tree-helper [-z] [-R]
-
-Reads output from git-diff-cache, git-diff-tree and git-diff-files and
-generates patch format output.
-
--z
- \0 line termination on input
-
--R
- Output diff in reverse. This is useful for displaying output from
- git-diff-cache which always compares tree with cache or working
- file. E.g.
-
- git-diff-cache <tree> | git-diff-tree-helper -R file.c
-
- would show a diff to bring the working file back to what is in the
- <tree>.
-
-See also the section on generating patches.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-fsck-cache
- git-fsck-cache [--tags] [--root] [[--unreachable] [--cache] <object>*]
-
-Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database.
-
-<object>
- An object to treat as the head of an unreachability trace.
-
---unreachable
- Print out objects that exist but that aren't readable from any
- of the specified head nodes.
-
---root
- Report root nodes.
-
---tags
- Report tags.
-
---cache
- Consider any object recorded in the cache also as a head node for
- an unreachability trace.
-
-It tests SHA1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking of
-the resulting reachability and everything else. It prints out any
-corruption it finds (missing or bad objects), and if you use the
-"--unreachable" flag it will also print out objects that exist but
-that aren't readable from any of the specified head nodes.
-
-So for example
-
- git-fsck-cache --unreachable $(cat .git/HEAD)
-
-or, for Cogito users:
-
- git-fsck-cache --unreachable $(cat .git/refs/heads/*)
-
-will do quite a _lot_ of verification on the tree. There are a few
-extra validity tests to be added (make sure that tree objects are
-sorted properly etc), but on the whole if "git-fsck-cache" is happy, you
-do have a valid tree.
-
-Any corrupt objects you will have to find in backups or other archives
-(ie you can just remove them and do an "rsync" with some other site in
-the hopes that somebody else has the object you have corrupted).
-
-Of course, "valid tree" doesn't mean that it wasn't generated by some
-evil person, and the end result might be crap. Git is a revision
-tracking system, not a quality assurance system ;)
-
-Extracted Diagnostics
-
-expect dangling commits - potential heads - due to lack of head information
- You haven't specified any nodes as heads so it won't be
- possible to differentiate between un-parented commits and
- root nodes.
-
-missing sha1 directory '<dir>'
- The directory holding the sha1 objects is missing.
-
-unreachable <type> <object>
- The <type> object <object>, isn't actually referred to directly
- or indirectly in any of the trees or commits seen. This can
- mean that there's another root na SHA1_ode that you're not specifying
- or that the tree is corrupt. If you haven't missed a root node
- then you might as well delete unreachable nodes since they
- can't be used.
-
-missing <type> <object>
- The <type> object <object>, is referred to but isn't present in
- the database.
-
-dangling <type> <object>
- The <type> object <object>, is present in the database but never
- _directly_ used. A dangling commit could be a root node.
-
-warning: git-fsck-cache: tree <tree> has full pathnames in it
- And it shouldn't...
-
-sha1 mismatch <object>
- The database has an object who's sha1 doesn't match the
- database value.
- This indicates a ??serious?? data integrity problem.
- (note: this error occured during early git development when
- the database format changed.)
-
-Environment Variables
-
-SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY
- used to specify the object database root (usually .git/objects)
-
-GIT_INDEX_FILE
- used to specify the cache
-
-
-################################################################
-git-export
- git-export top [base]
-
-Exports each commit and diff against each of its parents, between
-top and base. If base is not specified it exports everything.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-init-db
- git-init-db
-
-This simply creates an empty git object database - basically a .git
-directory and .git/object/??/ directories.
-
-If the object storage directory is specified via the SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY
-environment variable then the sha1 directories are created underneath -
-otherwise the default .git/objects directory is used.
-
-git-init-db won't hurt an existing repository.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-http-pull
-
- git-http-pull [-c] [-t] [-a] [-v] commit-id url
-
-Downloads a remote GIT repository via HTTP protocol.
-
--c
- Get the commit objects.
--t
- Get trees associated with the commit objects.
--a
- Get all the objects.
--v
- Report what is downloaded.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-local-pull
-
- git-local-pull [-c] [-t] [-a] [-l] [-s] [-n] [-v] commit-id path
-
-Downloads another GIT repository on a local system.
-
--c
- Get the commit objects.
--t
- Get trees associated with the commit objects.
--a
- Get all the objects.
--v
- Report what is downloaded.
-
-################################################################
-git-ls-tree
- git-ls-tree [-r] [-z] <tree-ish>
-
-Converts the tree object to a human readable (and script processable)
-form.
-
-<tree-ish>
- Id of a tree.
-
--r
- recurse into sub-trees
-
--z
- \0 line termination on output
-
-Output Format
-<mode>\t <type>\t <object>\t <file>
-
-
-################################################################
-git-merge-base
- git-merge-base <commit> <commit>
-
-git-merge-base finds as good a common ancestor as possible. Given a
-selection of equally good common ancestors it should not be relied on
-to decide in any particular way.
-
-The git-merge-base algorithm is still in flux - use the source...
-
-
-################################################################
-git-merge-cache
- git-merge-cache <merge-program> (-a | -- | <file>*)
-
-This looks up the <file>(s) in the cache and, if there are any merge
-entries, passes the SHA1 hash for those files as arguments 1, 2, 3 (empty
-argument if no file), and <file> as argument 4. File modes for the three
-files are passed as arguments 5, 6 and 7.
-
---
- Interpret all future arguments as filenames.
-
--a
- Run merge against all files in the cache that need merging.
-
-If git-merge-cache is called with multiple <file>s (or -a) then it
-processes them in turn only stopping if merge returns a non-zero exit
-code.
-
-Typically this is run with the a script calling the merge command from
-the RCS package.
-
-A sample script called git-merge-one-file-script is included in the
-ditribution.
-
-ALERT ALERT ALERT! The git "merge object order" is different from the
-RCS "merge" program merge object order. In the above ordering, the
-original is first. But the argument order to the 3-way merge program
-"merge" is to have the original in the middle. Don't ask me why.
-
-Examples:
-
- torvalds@ppc970:~/merge-test> git-merge-cache cat MM
- This is MM from the original tree. # original
- This is modified MM in the branch A. # merge1
- This is modified MM in the branch B. # merge2
- This is modified MM in the branch B. # current contents
-
-or
-
- torvalds@ppc970:~/merge-test> git-merge-cache cat AA MM
- cat: : No such file or directory
- This is added AA in the branch A.
- This is added AA in the branch B.
- This is added AA in the branch B.
- fatal: merge program failed
-
-where the latter example shows how "git-merge-cache" will stop trying to
-merge once anything has returned an error (ie "cat" returned an error
-for the AA file, because it didn't exist in the original, and thus
-"git-merge-cache" didn't even try to merge the MM thing).
-
-################################################################
-git-merge-one-file-script
-
-This is the standard helper program to use with git-merge-cache
-to resolve a merge after the trivial merge done with git-read-tree -m.
-
-################################################################
-git-mktag
-
-Reads a tag contents from its standard input and creates a tag object.
-The input must be a well formed tag object.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-prune-script
-
-This runs git-fsck-cache --unreachable program using the heads specified
-on the command line (or .git/refs/heads/* and .git/refs/tags/* if none is
-specified), and prunes all unreachable objects from the object database.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-pull-script
-
-This script is used by Linus to pull from a remote repository and perform
-a merge.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-read-tree
- git-read-tree (<tree-ish> | -m <tree-ish1> [<tree-ish2> <tree-ish3>])"
-
-Reads the tree information given by <tree> into the directory cache,
-but does not actually _update_ any of the files it "caches". (see:
-git-checkout-cache)
-
-Optionally, it can merge a tree into the cache or perform a 3-way
-merge.
-
-Trivial merges are done by git-read-tree itself. Only conflicting paths
-will be in unmerged state when git-read-tree returns.
-
--m
- Perform a merge, not just a read
-
-<tree-ish#>
- The id of the tree object(s) to be read/merged.
-
-
-Merging
-If -m is specified, git-read-tree performs 2 kinds of merge, a single tree
-merge if only 1 tree is given or a 3-way merge if 3 trees are
-provided.
-
-Single Tree Merge
-If only 1 tree is specified, git-read-tree operates as if the user did not
-specify "-m", except that if the original cache has an entry for a
-given pathname; and the contents of the path matches with the tree
-being read, the stat info from the cache is used. (In other words, the
-cache's stat()s take precedence over the merged tree's)
-
-That means that if you do a "git-read-tree -m <newtree>" followed by a
-"git-checkout-cache -f -a", the git-checkout-cache only checks out the stuff
-that really changed.
-
-This is used to avoid unnecessary false hits when git-diff-files is
-run after git-read-tree.
-
-3-Way Merge
-Each "index" entry has two bits worth of "stage" state. stage 0 is the
-normal one, and is the only one you'd see in any kind of normal use.
-
-However, when you do "git-read-tree" with three trees, the "stage"
-starts out at 1.
-
-This means that you can do
-
- git-read-tree -m <tree1> <tree2> <tree3>
-
-and you will end up with an index with all of the <tree1> entries in
-"stage1", all of the <tree2> entries in "stage2" and all of the
-<tree3> entries in "stage3".
-
-Furthermore, "git-read-tree" has special-case logic that says: if you see
-a file that matches in all respects in the following states, it
-"collapses" back to "stage0":
-
- - stage 2 and 3 are the same; take one or the other (it makes no
- difference - the same work has been done on stage 2 and 3)
-
- - stage 1 and stage 2 are the same and stage 3 is different; take
- stage 3 (some work has been done on stage 3)
-
- - stage 1 and stage 3 are the same and stage 2 is different take
- stage 2 (some work has been done on stage 2)
-
-The git-write-tree command refuses to write a nonsensical tree, and it
-will complain about unmerged entries if it sees a single entry that is not
-stage 0.
-
-Ok, this all sounds like a collection of totally nonsensical rules,
-but it's actually exactly what you want in order to do a fast
-merge. The different stages represent the "result tree" (stage 0, aka
-"merged"), the original tree (stage 1, aka "orig"), and the two trees
-you are trying to merge (stage 2 and 3 respectively).
-
-In fact, the way "git-read-tree" works, it's entirely agnostic about how
-you assign the stages, and you could really assign them any which way,
-and the above is just a suggested way to do it (except since
-"git-write-tree" refuses to write anything but stage0 entries, it makes
-sense to always consider stage 0 to be the "full merge" state).
-
-So what happens? Try it out. Select the original tree, and two trees
-to merge, and look how it works:
-
- - if a file exists in identical format in all three trees, it will
- automatically collapse to "merged" state by the new git-read-tree.
-
- - a file that has _any_ difference what-so-ever in the three trees
- will stay as separate entries in the index. It's up to "script
- policy" to determine how to remove the non-0 stages, and insert a
- merged version. But since the index is always sorted, they're easy
- to find: they'll be clustered together.
-
- - the index file saves and restores with all this information, so you
- can merge things incrementally, but as long as it has entries in
- stages 1/2/3 (ie "unmerged entries") you can't write the result.
-
-So now the merge algorithm ends up being really simple:
-
- - you walk the index in order, and ignore all entries of stage 0,
- since they've already been done.
-
- - if you find a "stage1", but no matching "stage2" or "stage3", you
- know it's been removed from both trees (it only existed in the
- original tree), and you remove that entry. - if you find a
- matching "stage2" and "stage3" tree, you remove one of them, and
- turn the other into a "stage0" entry. Remove any matching "stage1"
- entry if it exists too. .. all the normal trivial rules ..
-
-Incidentally - it also means that you don't even have to have a separate
-subdirectory for this. All the information literally is in the index file,
-which is a temporary thing anyway. There is no need to worry about what is
-in the working directory, since it is never shown and never used.
-
-see also:
-git-write-tree
-git-ls-files
-
-
-################################################################
-git-resolve-script
-
-This script is used by Linus to merge two trees.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-rev-list <commit>
-
-Lists commit objects in reverse chronological order starting at the
-given commit, taking ancestry relationship into account. This is
-useful to produce human-readable log output.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-rev-tree
- git-rev-tree [--edges] [--cache <cache-file>] [^]<commit> [[^]<commit>]
-
-Provides the revision tree for one or more commits.
-
---edges
- Show edges (ie places where the marking changes between parent
- and child)
-
---cache <cache-file>
- Use the specified file as a cache from a previous git-rev-list run
- to speed things up. Note that this "cache" is totally different
- concept from the directory index. Also this option is not
- implemented yet.
-
-[^]<commit>
- The commit id to trace (a leading caret means to ignore this
- commit-id and below)
-
-Output:
-<date> <commit>:<flags> [<parent-commit>:<flags> ]*
-
-<date>
- Date in 'seconds since epoch'
-
-<commit>
- id of commit object
-
-<parent-commit>
- id of each parent commit object (>1 indicates a merge)
-
-<flags>
-
- The flags are read as a bitmask representing each commit
- provided on the commandline. eg: given the command:
-
- $ git-rev-tree <com1> <com2> <com3>
-
- The output:
-
- <date> <commit>:5
-
- means that <commit> is reachable from <com1>(1) and <com3>(4)
-
-A revtree can get quite large. git-rev-tree will eventually allow you to
-cache previous state so that you don't have to follow the whole thing
-down.
-
-So the change difference between two commits is literally
-
- git-rev-tree [commit-id1] > commit1-revtree
- git-rev-tree [commit-id2] > commit2-revtree
- join -t : commit1-revtree commit2-revtree > common-revisions
-
-(this is also how to find the most common parent - you'd look at just
-the head revisions - the ones that aren't referred to by other
-revisions - in "common-revision", and figure out the best one. I
-think.)
-
-
-################################################################
-git-rpull
-
- git-rpull [-c] [-t] [-a] [-v] commit-id url
-
-Pulls from a remote repository over ssh connection, invoking git-rpush on
-the other end.
-
--c
- Get the commit objects.
--t
- Get trees associated with the commit objects.
--a
- Get all the objects.
--v
- Report what is downloaded.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-rpush
-
-Helper "server-side" program used by git-rpull.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-diff-files
- git-diff-files [-p] [-q] [-r] [-z] [<pattern>...]
-
-Compares the files in the working tree and the cache. When paths
-are specified, compares only those named paths. Otherwise all
-entries in the cache are compared. The output format is the
-same as git-diff-cache and git-diff-tree.
-
--p
- generate patch (see section on generating patches).
-
--q
- Remain silent even on nonexisting files
-
--r
- This flag does not mean anything. It is there only to match
- git-diff-tree. Unlike git-diff-tree, git-diff-files always looks
- at all the subdirectories.
-
-
-Output format:
-
-See "Output format from git-diff-cache, git-diff-tree and git-diff-files"
-section.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-tag-script
-
-This is an example script that uses git-mktag to create a tag object
-signed with GPG.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-tar-tree
-
- git-tar-tree <tree-ish> [ <base> ]
-
-Creates a tar archive containing the tree structure for the named tree.
-When <base> is specified it is added as a leading path as the files in the
-generated tar archive.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-ls-files
- git-ls-files [-z] [-t]
- (--[cached|deleted|others|ignored|stage|unmerged])*
- (-[c|d|o|i|s|u])*
- [-x <pattern>|--exclude=<pattern>]
- [-X <file>|--exclude-from=<file>]
-
-This merges the file listing in the directory cache index with the
-actual working directory list, and shows different combinations of the
-two.
-
-One or more of the options below may be used to determine the files
-shown:
-
--c|--cached
- Show cached files in the output (default)
-
--d|--deleted
- Show deleted files in the output
-
--o|--others
- Show other files in the output
-
--i|--ignored
- Show ignored files in the output
- Note the this also reverses any exclude list present.
-
--s|--stage
- Show stage files in the output
-
--u|--unmerged
- Show unmerged files in the output (forces --stage)
-
--z
- \0 line termination on output
-
--x|--exclude=<pattern>
- Skips files matching pattern.
- Note that pattern is a shell wildcard pattern.
-
--X|--exclude-from=<file>
- exclude patterns are read from <file>; 1 per line.
- Allows the use of the famous dontdiff file as follows to find
- out about uncommitted files just as dontdiff is used with
- the diff command:
- git-ls-files --others --exclude-from=dontdiff
-
--t
- Identify the file status with the following tags (followed by
- a space) at the start of each line:
- H cached
- M unmerged
- R removed/deleted
- ? other
-
-Output
-show files just outputs the filename unless --stage is specified in
-which case it outputs:
-
-[<tag> ]<mode> <object> <stage> <file>
-
-git-ls-files --unmerged" and "git-ls-files --stage " can be used to examine
-detailed information on unmerged paths.
-
-For an unmerged path, instead of recording a single mode/SHA1 pair,
-the dircache records up to three such pairs; one from tree O in stage
-1, A in stage 2, and B in stage 3. This information can be used by
-the user (or Cogito) to see what should eventually be recorded at the
-path. (see read-cache for more information on state)
-
-see also:
-read-cache
-
-
-################################################################
-git-unpack-file
- git-unpack-file <blob>
-
-Creates a file holding the contents of the blob specified by sha1. It
-returns the name of the temporary file in the following format:
- .merge_file_XXXXX
-
-<blob>
- Must be a blob id
-
-################################################################
-git-update-cache
- git-update-cache
- [--add] [--remove] [--refresh]
- [--ignore-missing]
- [--force-remove <file>]
- [--cacheinfo <mode> <object> <file>]*
- [--] [<file>]*
-
-Modifies the index or directory cache. Each file mentioned is updated
-into the cache and any 'unmerged' or 'needs updating' state is
-cleared.
-
-The way git-update-cache handles files it is told about can be modified
-using the various options:
-
---add
- If a specified file isn't in the cache already then it's
- added.
- Default behaviour is to ignore new files.
-
---remove
- If a specified file is in the cache but is missing then it's
- removed.
- Default behaviour is to ignore removed file.
-
---refresh
- Looks at the current cache and checks to see if merges or
- updates are needed by checking stat() information.
-
---ignore-missing
- Ignores missing files during a --refresh
-
---cacheinfo <mode> <object> <path>
- Directly insert the specified info into the cache.
-
---force-remove
- Remove the file from the index even when the working directory
- still has such a file.
-
---
- Do not interpret any more arguments as options.
-
-<file>
- Files to act on.
- Note that files begining with '.' are discarded. This includes
- "./file" and "dir/./file". If you don't want this, then use
- cleaner names.
- The same applies to directories ending '/' and paths with '//'
-
-Using --refresh
---refresh does not calculate a new sha1 file or bring the cache
-up-to-date for mode/content changes. But what it _does_ do is to
-"re-match" the stat information of a file with the cache, so that you
-can refresh the cache for a file that hasn't been changed but where
-the stat entry is out of date.
-
-For example, you'd want to do this after doing a "git-read-tree", to link
-up the stat cache details with the proper files.
-
-Using --cacheinfo
---cacheinfo is used to register a file that is not in the current
-working directory. This is useful for minimum-checkout merging.
-
-To pretend you have a file with mode and sha1 at path, say:
-
- $ git-update-cache --cacheinfo mode sha1 path
-
-To update and refresh only the files already checked out:
-
- git-checkout-cache -n -f -a && git-update-cache --ignore-missing --refresh
-
-
-################################################################
-git-write-blob
-
- git-write-blob <any-file-on-the-filesystem>
-
-Writes the contents of the named file (which can be outside of the work
-tree) as a blob into the object database, and reports its object ID to its
-standard output. This is used by git-merge-one-file-script to update the
-cache without modifying files in the work tree.
-
-
-################################################################
-git-write-tree
- git-write-tree
-
-Creates a tree object using the current cache.
-
-The cache must be merged.
-
-Conceptually, git-write-tree sync()s the current directory cache contents
-into a set of tree files.
-In order to have that match what is actually in your directory right
-now, you need to have done a "git-update-cache" phase before you did the
-"git-write-tree".
-
-
-################################################################
-
-Output format from git-diff-cache, git-diff-tree and git-diff-files.
-
-These commands all compare two sets of things; what are
-compared are different:
-
- git-diff-cache <tree-ish>
-
- compares the <tree-ish> and the files on the filesystem.
-
- git-diff-cache --cached <tree-ish>
-
- compares the <tree-ish> and the cache.
-
- git-diff-tree [-r] <tree-ish-1> <tree-ish-2> [<pattern>...]
-
- compares the trees named by the two arguments.
-
- git-diff-files [<pattern>...]
-
- compares the cache and the files on the filesystem.
-
-The following desription uses "old" and "new" to mean those
-compared entities.
-
-For files in old but not in new (i.e. removed):
--<mode> \t <type> \t <object> \t <path>
-
-For files not in old but in new (i.e. added):
-+<mode> \t <type> \t <object> \t <path>
-
-For files that differ:
-*<old-mode>-><new-mode> \t <type> \t <old-sha1>-><new-sha1> \t <path>
-
-<new-sha1> is shown as all 0's if new is a file on the
-filesystem and it is out of sync with the cache. Example:
-
- *100644->100644 blob 5be4a4.......->000000....... file.c
-
-################################################################
-
-Generating patches
-
-When git-diff-cache, git-diff-tree, or git-diff-files are run with a -p
-option, they do not produce the output described in "Output format from
-git-diff-cache, git-diff-tree and git-diff-files" section. It instead
-produces a patch file.
-
-The patch generation can be customized at two levels. This
-customization also applies to git-diff-tree-helper.
-
-1. When the environment variable GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF is not set,
- these commands internally invoke diff like this:
-
- diff -L a/<path> -L a/<path> -pu <old> <new>
-
- For added files, /dev/null is used for <old>. For removed
- files, /dev/null is used for <new>
-
- The diff formatting options can be customized via the
- environment variable GIT_DIFF_OPTS. For example, if you
- prefer context diff:
-
- GIT_DIFF_OPTS=-c git-diff-cache -p $(cat .git/HEAD)
-
-
-2. When the environment variable GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF is set, the
- program named by it is called, instead of the diff invocation
- described above.
-
- For a path that is added, removed, or modified,
- GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF is called with 7 parameters:
-
- path old-file old-hex old-mode new-file new-hex new-mode
-
- where
- <old|new>-file are files GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF can use to read the
- contents of <old|ne>,
- <old|new>-hex are the 40-hexdigit SHA1 hashes,
- <old|new>-mode are the octal representation of the file modes.
-
- The file parameters can point at the user's working file (e.g. new-file
- in git-diff-files), /dev/null (e.g. old-file when a new file is added),
- or a temporary file (e.g. old-file in the cache). GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF
- should not worry about unlinking the temporary file --- it is removed
- when GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF exits.
-
- For a path that is unmerged, GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF is called with
- 1 parameter, path.
-
-################################################################
-
-Terminology: - see README for description
-Each line contains terms used interchangeably
-
-object database, .git directory
-directory cache, index
-id, sha1, sha1-id, sha1 hash
-type, tag
-blob, blob object
-tree, tree object
-commit, commit object
-parent
-root object
-changeset
-
-
-git Environment Variables
-AUTHOR_NAME
-AUTHOR_EMAIL
-AUTHOR_DATE
-COMMIT_AUTHOR_NAME
-COMMIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL
-GIT_DIFF_OPTS
-GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF
-GIT_INDEX_FILE
-SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-format.txt b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1a99e85
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,89 @@
+The output format from "git-diff-cache", "git-diff-tree" and
+"git-diff-files" is very similar.
+
+These commands all compare two sets of things; what are
+compared are different:
+
+git-diff-cache <tree-ish>::
+ compares the <tree-ish> and the files on the filesystem.
+
+git-diff-cache --cached <tree-ish>::
+ compares the <tree-ish> and the cache.
+
+git-diff-tree [-r] <tree-ish-1> <tree-ish-2> [<pattern>...]::
+ compares the trees named by the two arguments.
+
+git-diff-files [<pattern>...]::
+ compares the cache and the files on the filesystem.
+
+The following desription uses "old" and "new" to mean those
+compared entities.
+
+For files in old but not in new (i.e. removed):
+
+ -<mode> \t <type> \t <object> \t <path>
+
+For files not in old but in new (i.e. added):
+
+ +<mode> \t <type> \t <object> \t <path>
+
+For files that differ:
+
+ *<old-mode>-><new-mode> \t <type> \t <old-sha1>-><new-sha1> \t <path>
+
+<new-sha1> is shown as all 0's if new is a file on the
+filesystem and it is out of sync with the cache. Example:
+
+ *100644->100644 blob 5be4a4.......->000000....... file.c
+
+
+Generating patches with -p
+--------------------------
+
+When "git-diff-cache", "git-diff-tree", or "git-diff-files" are run
+with a '-p' option, they do not produce the output described above
+instead they produce a patch file.
+
+The patch generation can be customized at two levels. This
+customization also applies to "git-diff-tree-helper".
+
+1. When the environment variable 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' is not set,
+ these commands internally invoke "diff" like this:
+
+ diff -L a/<path> -L a/<path> -pu <old> <new>
++
+For added files, `/dev/null` is used for <old>. For removed
+files, `/dev/null` is used for <new>
++
+The "diff" formatting options can be customized via the
+environment variable 'GIT_DIFF_OPTS'. For example, if you
+prefer context diff:
+
+ GIT_DIFF_OPTS=-c git-diff-cache -p $(cat .git/HEAD)
+
+
+2. When the environment variable 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' is set, the
+ program named by it is called, instead of the diff invocation
+ described above.
++
+For a path that is added, removed, or modified,
+'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' is called with 7 parameters:
+
+ path old-file old-hex old-mode new-file new-hex new-mode
++
+where:
+
+ <old|new>-file:: are files GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF can use to read the
+ contents of <old|ne>,
+ <old|new>-hex:: are the 40-hexdigit SHA1 hashes,
+ <old|new>-mode:: are the octal representation of the file modes.
+
++
+The file parameters can point at the user's working file
+(e.g. `new-file` in "git-diff-files"), `/dev/null` (e.g. `old-file`
+when a new file is added), or a temporary file (e.g. `old-file` in the
+cache). 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' should not worry about unlinking the
+temporary file --- it is removed when 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' exits.
+
+For a path that is unmerged, 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF' is called with 1
+parameter, <path>.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-apply-patch-script.txt b/Documentation/git-apply-patch-script.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a6f860d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-apply-patch-script.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+git-apply-patch-script(1)
+=========================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-apply-patch-script - Sample script to apply the diffs from git-diff-*
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-apply-patch-script'
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+This is a sample script to be used via the 'GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF'
+environment variable to apply the differences that the "git-diff-*"
+family of commands report to the current work tree.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..48fb377
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,55 @@
+git-cat-file(1)
+===============
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-cat-file - Provide content or type information for repository objects
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-cat-file' (-t | <type>) <object>
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Provides content or type of objects in the repository. The type
+is required if '-t' is not being used to find the object type.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+<object>::
+ The sha1 identifier of the object.
+
+-t::
+ Instead of the content, show the object type identified by
+ <object>.
+
+<type>::
+ Typically this matches the real type of <object> but asking
+ for a type that can trivially dereferenced from the given
+ <object> is also permitted. An example is to ask for a
+ "tree" with <object> being a commit object that contains it,
+ or to ask for a "blob" with <object> being a tag object that
+ points at it.
+
+OUTPUT
+------
+If '-t' is specified, one of the <type>.
+
+Otherwise the raw (though uncompressed) contents of the <object> will
+be returned.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-files.txt b/Documentation/git-check-files.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6146098
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-files.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,50 @@
+git-check-files(1)
+==================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-check-files - Verify a list of files are up-to-date
+
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-check-files' <file>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Check that a list of files are up-to-date between the filesystem and
+the cache. Used to verify a patch target before doing a patch.
+
+Files that do not exist on the filesystem are considered up-to-date
+(whether or not they are in the cache).
+
+Emits an error message on failure:
+
+preparing to update existing file <file> not in cache::
+ <file> exists but is not in the cache
+
+preparing to update file <file> not uptodate in cache::
+ <file> on disk is not up-to-date with the cache
+
+Exits with a status code indicating success if all files are
+up-to-date.
+
+See Also
+--------
+link:git-update-cache.html[git-update-cache]
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-checkout-cache.txt b/Documentation/git-checkout-cache.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9d41626
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-checkout-cache.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,102 @@
+git-checkout-cache(1)
+=====================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-checkout-cache - Copy files from the cache to the working directory
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-checkout-cache' [-q] [-a] [-f] [-n] [--prefix=<string>]
+ [--] <file>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Will copy all files listed from the cache to the working directory
+(not overwriting existing files).
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+-q::
+ be quiet if files exist or are not in the cache
+
+-f::
+ forces overwrite of existing files
+
+-a::
+ checks out all files in the cache (will then continue to
+ process listed files).
+
+-n::
+ Don't checkout new files, only refresh files already checked
+ out.
+
+--prefix=<string>::
+ When creating files, prepend <string> (usually a directory
+ including a trailing /)
+
+--::
+ Do not interpret any more arguments as options.
+
+Note that the order of the flags matters:
+
+ git-checkout-cache -a -f file.c
+
+will first check out all files listed in the cache (but not overwrite
+any old ones), and then force-checkout `file.c` a second time (ie that
+one *will* overwrite any old contents with the same filename).
+
+Also, just doing "git-checkout-cache" does nothing. You probably meant
+"git-checkout-cache -a". And if you want to force it, you want
+"git-checkout-cache -f -a".
+
+Intuitiveness is not the goal here. Repeatability is. The reason for
+the "no arguments means no work" thing is that from scripts you are
+supposed to be able to do things like:
+
+ find . -name '*.h' -print0 | xargs -0 git-checkout-cache -f --
+
+which will force all existing `*.h` files to be replaced with their
+cached copies. If an empty command line implied "all", then this would
+force-refresh everything in the cache, which was not the point.
+
+To update and refresh only the files already checked out:
+
+ git-checkout-cache -n -f -a && git-update-cache --ignore-missing --refresh
+
+Oh, and the "--" is just a good idea when you know the rest will be
+filenames. Just so that you wouldn't have a filename of "-a" causing
+problems (not possible in the above example, but get used to it in
+scripting!).
+
+The prefix ability basically makes it trivial to use
+git-checkout-cache as an "export as tree" function. Just read the
+desired tree into the index, and do a
+
+ git-checkout-cache --prefix=git-export-dir/ -a
+
+and git-checkout-cache will "export" the cache into the specified
+directory.
+
+NOTE The final "/" is important. The exported name is literally just
+prefixed with the specified string, so you can also do something like
+
+ git-checkout-cache --prefix=.merged- Makefile
+
+to check out the currently cached copy of `Makefile` into the file
+`.merged-Makefile`
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c0dc1f4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
+git-commit-tree(1)
+==================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-commit-tree - Creates a new commit object
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-commit-tree' <tree> [-p <parent commit>]\ < changelog
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Creates a new commit object based on the provided tree object and
+emits the new commit object id on stdout. If no parent is given then
+it is considered to be an initial tree.
+
+A commit object usually has 1 parent (a commit after a change) or up
+to 16 parents. More than one parent represents a merge of branches
+that led to them.
+
+While a tree represents a particular directory state of a working
+directory, a commit represents that state in "time", and explains how
+to get there.
+
+Normally a commit would identify a new "HEAD" state, and while git
+doesn't care where you save the note about that state, in practice we
+tend to just write the result to the file `.git/HEAD`, so that we can
+always see what the last committed state was.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+<tree>::
+ An existing tree object
+
+-p <parent commit>::
+ Each '-p' indicates a the id of a parent commit object.
+
+
+Commit Information
+------------------
+
+A commit encapsulates:
+
+- all parent object ids
+- author name, email and date
+- committer name and email and the commit time.
+
+If not provided, "git-commit-tree" uses your name, hostname and domain to
+provide author and committer info. This can be overridden using the
+following environment variables.
+
+ GIT_AUTHOR_NAME
+ GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL
+ GIT_AUTHOR_DATE
+ GIT_COMMITTER_NAME
+ GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL
+
+(nb <,> and '\n's are stripped)
+
+A commit comment is read from stdin (max 999 chars). If a changelog
+entry is not provided via '<' redirection, "git-commit-tree" will just wait
+for one to be entered and terminated with ^D
+
+Diagnostics
+-----------
+You don't exist. Go away!::
+ The passwd(5) gecos field couldn't be read
+
+See Also
+--------
+link:git-write-tree.html[git-write-tree]
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-convert-cache.txt b/Documentation/git-convert-cache.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..66d7fe7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-convert-cache.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+git-convert-cache(1)
+====================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-convert-cache - Converts old-style GIT repository
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-convert-cache'
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Converts old-style GIT repository to the latest format
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff-cache.txt b/Documentation/git-diff-cache.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b54b822
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff-cache.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,141 @@
+git-diff-cache(1)
+=================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-diff-cache - Compares content and mode of blobs between the cache and repository
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-diff-cache' [-p] [-r] [-z] [-m] [--cached] <tree-ish>
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Compares the content and mode of the blobs found via a tree object
+with the content of the current cache and, optionally ignoring the
+stat state of the file on disk.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+<tree-ish>::
+ The id of a tree object to diff against.
+
+-p::
+ Generate patch (see section on generating patches)
+
+-r::
+ This flag does not mean anything. It is there only to match
+ "git-diff-tree". Unlike "git-diff-tree", "git-diff-cache"
+ always looks at all the subdirectories.
+
+-z::
+ \0 line termination on output
+
+--cached::
+ do not consider the on-disk file at all
+
+-m::
+ By default, files recorded in the index but not checked
+ out are reported as deleted. This flag makes
+ "git-diff-cache" say that all non-checked-out files are up
+ to date.
+
+Output format
+-------------
+include::diff-format.txt[]
+
+Operating Modes
+---------------
+You can choose whether you want to trust the index file entirely
+(using the '--cached' flag) or ask the diff logic to show any files
+that don't match the stat state as being "tentatively changed". Both
+of these operations are very useful indeed.
+
+Cached Mode
+-----------
+If '--cached' is specified, it allows you to ask:
+
+ show me the differences between HEAD and the current index
+ contents (the ones I'd write with a "git-write-tree")
+
+For example, let's say that you have worked on your index file, and are
+ready to commit. You want to see eactly *what* you are going to commit is
+without having to write a new tree object and compare it that way, and to
+do that, you just do
+
+ git-diff-cache --cached $(cat .git/HEAD)
+
+Example: let's say I had renamed `commit.c` to `git-commit.c`, and I had
+done an "git-update-cache" to make that effective in the index file.
+"git-diff-files" wouldn't show anything at all, since the index file
+matches my working directory. But doing a "git-diff-cache" does:
+
+ torvalds@ppc970:~/git> git-diff-cache --cached $(cat .git/HEAD)
+ -100644 blob 4161aecc6700a2eb579e842af0b7f22b98443f74 commit.c
+ +100644 blob 4161aecc6700a2eb579e842af0b7f22b98443f74 git-commit.c
+
+You can trivially see that the above is a rename.
+
+In fact, "git-diff-cache --cached" *should* always be entirely equivalent to
+actually doing a "git-write-tree" and comparing that. Except this one is much
+nicer for the case where you just want to check where you are.
+
+So doing a "git-diff-cache --cached" is basically very useful when you are
+asking yourself "what have I already marked for being committed, and
+what's the difference to a previous tree".
+
+Non-cached Mode
+---------------
+The "non-cached" mode takes a different approach, and is potentially
+the more useful of the two in that what it does can't be emulated with
+a "git-write-tree" + "git-diff-tree". Thus that's the default mode.
+The non-cached version asks the question:
+
+ show me the differences between HEAD and the currently checked out
+ tree - index contents _and_ files that aren't up-to-date
+
+which is obviously a very useful question too, since that tells you what
+you *could* commit. Again, the output matches the "git-diff-tree -r"
+output to a tee, but with a twist.
+
+The twist is that if some file doesn't match the cache, we don't have
+a backing store thing for it, and we use the magic "all-zero" sha1 to
+show that. So let's say that you have edited `kernel/sched.c`, but
+have not actually done a "git-update-cache" on it yet - there is no
+"object" associated with the new state, and you get:
+
+ torvalds@ppc970:~/v2.6/linux> git-diff-cache $(cat .git/HEAD )
+ *100644->100664 blob 7476bb......->000000...... kernel/sched.c
+
+ie it shows that the tree has changed, and that `kernel/sched.c` has is
+not up-to-date and may contain new stuff. The all-zero sha1 means that to
+get the real diff, you need to look at the object in the working directory
+directly rather than do an object-to-object diff.
+
+NOTE! As with other commands of this type, "git-diff-cache" does not
+actually look at the contents of the file at all. So maybe
+`kernel/sched.c` hasn't actually changed, and it's just that you
+touched it. In either case, it's a note that you need to
+"git-upate-cache" it to make the cache be in sync.
+
+NOTE 2! You can have a mixture of files show up as "has been updated"
+and "is still dirty in the working directory" together. You can always
+tell which file is in which state, since the "has been updated" ones
+show a valid sha1, and the "not in sync with the index" ones will
+always have the special all-zero sha1.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff-files.txt b/Documentation/git-diff-files.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0ad2f89
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff-files.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@
+git-diff-files(1)
+=================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-diff-files - Compares files in the working tree and the cache
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-diff-files' [-p] [-q] [-r] [-z] [<pattern>...]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Compares the files in the working tree and the cache. When paths
+are specified, compares only those named paths. Otherwise all
+entries in the cache are compared. The output format is the
+same as "git-diff-cache" and "git-diff-tree".
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+-p::
+ generate patch (see section on generating patches).
+
+-q::
+ Remain silent even on nonexisting files
+
+-r::
+ This flag does not mean anything. It is there only to match
+ git-diff-tree. Unlike git-diff-tree, git-diff-files always looks
+ at all the subdirectories.
+
+
+Output format
+-------------
+include::diff-format.txt[]
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff-tree-helper.txt b/Documentation/git-diff-tree-helper.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..58f2717
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff-tree-helper.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,49 @@
+git-diff-tree-helper(1)
+=======================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-diff-tree-helper - Generates patch format output for git-diff-*
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-diff-tree-helper' [-z] [-R]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Reads output from "git-diff-cache", "git-diff-tree" and "git-diff-files" and
+generates patch format output.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+-z::
+ \0 line termination on input
+
+-R::
+ Output diff in reverse. This is useful for displaying output from
+ "git-diff-cache" which always compares tree with cache or working
+ file. E.g.
+
+ git-diff-cache <tree> | git-diff-tree-helper -R file.c
++
+would show a diff to bring the working file back to what is in the <tree>.
+
+See Also
+--------
+The section on generating patches in link:git-diff-cache.html[git-diff-cache]
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ff7f25f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,126 @@
+git-diff-tree(1)
+================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-diff-tree - Compares the content and mode of blobs found via two tree objects
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-diff-tree' [-p] [-r] [-z] [--stdin] [-m] [-s] [-v] <tree-ish> <tree-ish> [<pattern>]\*
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Compares the content and mode of the blobs found via two tree objects.
+
+Note that "git-diff-tree" can use the tree encapsulated in a commit object.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+<tree-ish>::
+ The id of a tree object.
+
+<pattern>::
+ If provided, the results are limited to a subset of files
+ matching one of these prefix strings.
+ ie file matches `/^<pattern1>|<pattern2>|.../`
+ Note that pattern does not provide any wildcard or regexp
+ features.
+
+-p::
+ generate patch (see section on generating patches). For
+ git-diff-tree, this flag implies '-r' as well.
+
+-r::
+ recurse
+
+-z::
+ \0 line termination on output
+
+--stdin::
+ When '--stdin' is specified, the command does not take
+ <tree-ish> arguments from the command line. Instead, it
+ reads either one <commit> or a pair of <tree-ish>
+ separated with a single space from its standard input.
++
+When a single commit is given on one line of such input, it compares
+the commit with its parents. The following flags further affects its
+behaviour. This does not apply to the case where two <tree-ish>
+separated with a single space are given.
+
+-m::
+ By default, "git-diff-tree --stdin" does not show
+ differences for merge commits. With this flag, it shows
+ differences to that commit from all of its parents.
+
+-s::
+ By default, "git-diff-tree --stdin" shows differences,
+ either in machine-readable form (without '-p') or in patch
+ form (with '-p'). This output can be supressed. It is
+ only useful with '-v' flag.
+
+-v::
+ This flag causes "git-diff-tree --stdin" to also show
+ the commit message before the differences.
+
+
+Limiting Output
+---------------
+If you're only interested in differences in a subset of files, for
+example some architecture-specific files, you might do:
+
+ git-diff-tree -r <tree-ish> <tree-ish> arch/ia64 include/asm-ia64
+
+and it will only show you what changed in those two directories.
+
+Or if you are searching for what changed in just `kernel/sched.c`, just do
+
+ git-diff-tree -r <tree-ish> <tree-ish> kernel/sched.c
+
+and it will ignore all differences to other files.
+
+The pattern is always the prefix, and is matched exactly. There are no
+wildcards. Even stricter, it has to match complete path comonent.
+I.e. "foo" does not pick up `foobar.h`. "foo" does match `foo/bar.h`
+so it can be used to name subdirectories.
+
+An example of normal usage is:
+
+ torvalds@ppc970:~/git> git-diff-tree 5319e4......
+ *100664->100664 blob ac348b.......->a01513....... git-fsck-cache.c
+
+which tells you that the last commit changed just one file (it's from
+this one:
+
+ commit 3c6f7ca19ad4043e9e72fa94106f352897e651a8
+ tree 5319e4d609cdd282069cc4dce33c1db559539b03
+ parent b4e628ea30d5ab3606119d2ea5caeab141d38df7
+ author Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org> Sat Apr 9 12:02:30 2005
+ committer Linus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org> Sat Apr 9 12:02:30 2005
+
+ Make "git-fsck-cache" print out all the root commits it finds.
+
+ Once I do the reference tracking, I'll also make it print out all the
+ HEAD commits it finds, which is even more interesting.
+
+in case you care).
+
+Output format
+-------------
+include::diff-format.txt[]
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-export.txt b/Documentation/git-export.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d2d0dc4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-export.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
+git-export(1)
+=============
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-export - Exports each commit and a diff against each of its parents
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-export' top [base]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Exports each commit and diff against each of its parents, between
+top and base. If base is not specified it exports everything.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fsck-cache.txt b/Documentation/git-fsck-cache.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bcd3b0a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-fsck-cache.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
+git-fsck-cache(1)
+=================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-fsck-cache - Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-fsck-cache' [--tags] [--root] [[--unreachable] [--cache] <object>\*]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+<object>::
+ An object to treat as the head of an unreachability trace.
+
+--unreachable::
+ Print out objects that exist but that aren't readable from any
+ of the specified head nodes.
+
+--root::
+ Report root nodes.
+
+--tags::
+ Report tags.
+
+--cache::
+ Consider any object recorded in the cache also as a head node for
+ an unreachability trace.
+
+It tests SHA1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking of
+the resulting reachability and everything else. It prints out any
+corruption it finds (missing or bad objects), and if you use the
+'--unreachable' flag it will also print out objects that exist but
+that aren't readable from any of the specified head nodes.
+
+So for example
+
+ git-fsck-cache --unreachable $(cat .git/HEAD)
+
+or, for Cogito users:
+
+ git-fsck-cache --unreachable $(cat .git/refs/heads/*)
+
+will do quite a _lot_ of verification on the tree. There are a few
+extra validity tests to be added (make sure that tree objects are
+sorted properly etc), but on the whole if "git-fsck-cache" is happy, you
+do have a valid tree.
+
+Any corrupt objects you will have to find in backups or other archives
+(ie you can just remove them and do an "rsync" with some other site in
+the hopes that somebody else has the object you have corrupted).
+
+Of course, "valid tree" doesn't mean that it wasn't generated by some
+evil person, and the end result might be crap. Git is a revision
+tracking system, not a quality assurance system ;)
+
+Extracted Diagnostics
+---------------------
+
+expect dangling commits - potential heads - due to lack of head information::
+ You haven't specified any nodes as heads so it won't be
+ possible to differentiate between un-parented commits and
+ root nodes.
+
+missing sha1 directory '<dir>'::
+ The directory holding the sha1 objects is missing.
+
+unreachable <type> <object>::
+ The <type> object <object>, isn't actually referred to directly
+ or indirectly in any of the trees or commits seen. This can
+ mean that there's another root node that you're not specifying
+ or that the tree is corrupt. If you haven't missed a root node
+ then you might as well delete unreachable nodes since they
+ can't be used.
+
+missing <type> <object>::
+ The <type> object <object>, is referred to but isn't present in
+ the database.
+
+dangling <type> <object>::
+ The <type> object <object>, is present in the database but never
+ 'directly' used. A dangling commit could be a root node.
+
+warning: git-fsck-cache: tree <tree> has full pathnames in it::
+ And it shouldn't...
+
+sha1 mismatch <object>::
+ The database has an object who's sha1 doesn't match the
+ database value.
+ This indicates a serious data integrity problem.
+ (note: this error occured during early git development when
+ the database format changed.)
+
+Environment Variables
+---------------------
+
+GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY::
+ used to specify the object database root (usually .git/objects)
+
+GIT_INDEX_FILE::
+ used to specify the cache
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-http-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-http-pull.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..59cd090
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-http-pull.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+git-http-pull(1)
+================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-http-pull - Downloads a remote GIT repository via HTTP
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-http-pull' [-c] [-t] [-a] [-v] commit-id url
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Downloads a remote GIT repository via HTTP.
+
+-c::
+ Get the commit objects.
+-t::
+ Get trees associated with the commit objects.
+-a::
+ Get all the objects.
+-v::
+ Report what is downloaded.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-init-db.txt b/Documentation/git-init-db.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..99f96f7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-init-db.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+git-init-db(1)
+==============
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-init-db - Creates an empty git object database
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-init-db'
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+This simply creates an empty git object database - basically a `.git`
+directory and `.git/object/??/` directories.
+
+If the 'GIT_DIR' environment variable is set then it specifies a path
+to use instead of `./.git` for the base of the repository.
+
+If the object storage directory is specified via the 'GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY'
+environment variable then the sha1 directories are created underneath -
+otherwise the default `.git/objects` directory is used.
+
+"git-init-db" won't hurt an existing repository.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-local-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-local-pull.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..53f5d39
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-local-pull.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+git-local-pull(1)
+=================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-local-pull - Duplicates another GIT repository on a local system
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-local-pull' [-c] [-t] [-a] [-l] [-s] [-n] [-v] commit-id path
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Duplicates another GIT repository on a local system.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+-c::
+ Get the commit objects.
+-t::
+ Get trees associated with the commit objects.
+-a::
+ Get all the objects.
+-v::
+ Report what is downloaded.
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..14ca695
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,102 @@
+git-ls-files(1)
+===============
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-ls-files - Information about files in the cache/working directory
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-ls-files' [-z] [-t]
+ (--[cached|deleted|others|ignored|stage|unmerged])\*
+ (-[c|d|o|i|s|u])\*
+ [-x <pattern>|--exclude=<pattern>]
+ [-X <file>|--exclude-from=<file>]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+This merges the file listing in the directory cache index with the
+actual working directory list, and shows different combinations of the
+two.
+
+One or more of the options below may be used to determine the files
+shown:
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+-c|--cached::
+ Show cached files in the output (default)
+
+-d|--deleted::
+ Show deleted files in the output
+
+-o|--others::
+ Show other files in the output
+
+-i|--ignored::
+ Show ignored files in the output
+ Note the this also reverses any exclude list present.
+
+-s|--stage::
+ Show stage files in the output
+
+-u|--unmerged::
+ Show unmerged files in the output (forces --stage)
+
+-z::
+ \0 line termination on output
+
+-x|--exclude=<pattern>::
+ Skips files matching pattern.
+ Note that pattern is a shell wildcard pattern.
+
+-X|--exclude-from=<file>::
+ exclude patterns are read from <file>; 1 per line.
+ Allows the use of the famous dontdiff file as follows to find
+ out about uncommitted files just as dontdiff is used with
+ the diff command:
+ git-ls-files --others --exclude-from=dontdiff
+
+-t::
+ Identify the file status with the following tags (followed by
+ a space) at the start of each line:
+ H cached
+ M unmerged
+ R removed/deleted
+ ? other
+
+Output
+------
+show files just outputs the filename unless '--stage' is specified in
+which case it outputs:
+
+ [<tag> ]<mode> <object> <stage> <file>
+
+"git-ls-files --unmerged" and "git-ls-files --stage" can be used to examine
+detailed information on unmerged paths.
+
+For an unmerged path, instead of recording a single mode/SHA1 pair,
+the dircache records up to three such pairs; one from tree O in stage
+1, A in stage 2, and B in stage 3. This information can be used by
+the user (or Cogito) to see what should eventually be recorded at the
+path. (see read-cache for more information on state)
+
+See Also
+--------
+link:read-cache.html[read-cache]
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f6e15ad
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,46 @@
+git-ls-tree(1)
+==============
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-ls-tree - Displays a tree object in human readable form
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-ls-tree' [-r] [-z] <tree-ish>
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Converts the tree object to a human readable (and script processable)
+form.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+<tree-ish>::
+ Id of a tree.
+
+-r::
+ recurse into sub-trees
+
+-z::
+ \0 line termination on output
+
+Output Format
+-------------
+ <mode>\t <type>\t <object>\t <file>
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1e27bf2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+git-merge-base(1)
+=================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-merge-base - Finds as good a common ancestor as possible for a merge
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-merge-base' <commit> <commit>
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+"git-merge-base" finds as good a common ancestor as possible. Given a
+selection of equally good common ancestors it should not be relied on
+to decide in any particular way.
+
+The "git-merge-base" algorithm is still in flux - use the source...
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-cache.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-cache.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..343607c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-cache.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,77 @@
+git-merge-cache(1)
+==================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-merge-cache - Runs a merge for files needing merging
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-merge-cache' <merge-program> (-a | -- | <file>\*)
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+This looks up the <file>(s) in the cache and, if there are any merge
+entries, passes the SHA1 hash for those files as arguments 1, 2, 3 (empty
+argument if no file), and <file> as argument 4. File modes for the three
+files are passed as arguments 5, 6 and 7.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--::
+ Interpret all future arguments as filenames.
+
+-a::
+ Run merge against all files in the cache that need merging.
+
+If "git-merge-cache" is called with multiple <file>s (or -a) then it
+processes them in turn only stopping if merge returns a non-zero exit
+code.
+
+Typically this is run with the a script calling the merge command from
+the RCS package.
+
+A sample script called "git-merge-one-file-script" is included in the
+ditribution.
+
+ALERT ALERT ALERT! The git "merge object order" is different from the
+RCS "merge" program merge object order. In the above ordering, the
+original is first. But the argument order to the 3-way merge program
+"merge" is to have the original in the middle. Don't ask me why.
+
+Examples:
+
+ torvalds@ppc970:~/merge-test> git-merge-cache cat MM
+ This is MM from the original tree. # original
+ This is modified MM in the branch A. # merge1
+ This is modified MM in the branch B. # merge2
+ This is modified MM in the branch B. # current contents
+
+or
+
+ torvalds@ppc970:~/merge-test> git-merge-cache cat AA MM
+ cat: : No such file or directory
+ This is added AA in the branch A.
+ This is added AA in the branch B.
+ This is added AA in the branch B.
+ fatal: merge program failed
+
+where the latter example shows how "git-merge-cache" will stop trying to
+merge once anything has returned an error (ie "cat" returned an error
+for the AA file, because it didn't exist in the original, and thus
+"git-merge-cache" didn't even try to merge the MM thing).
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-one-file-script.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-one-file-script.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..387601d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-one-file-script.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+git-merge-one-file-script(1)
+============================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-merge-one-file-script - The standard helper program to use with "git-merge-cache"
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-merge-one-file-script'
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+This is the standard helper program to use with "git-merge-cache"
+to resolve a merge after the trivial merge done with "git-read-tree -m".
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mktag.txt b/Documentation/git-mktag.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..708f4ef
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-mktag.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,48 @@
+git-mktag(1)
+============
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-mktag - Creates a tag object
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-mktag' < signature_file
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Reads a tag contents on standard input and creates a tag object
+that can also be used to sign other objects.
+
+The output is the new tag's <object> identifier.
+
+Tag Format
+----------
+A tag signature file has a very simple fixed format: three lines of
+
+ object <sha1>
+ type <typename>
+ tag <tagname>
+
+followed by some 'optional' free-form signature that git itself
+doesn't care about, but that can be verified with gpg or similar.
+
+The size of the full object is artificially limited to 8kB. (Just
+because I'm a lazy bastard, and if you can't fit a signature in that
+size, you're doing something wrong)
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-prune-script.txt b/Documentation/git-prune-script.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..537b790
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-prune-script.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+git-prune-script(1)
+===================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-prune-script - Prunes all unreachable objects from the object database
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-prune-script'
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+This runs "git-fsck-cache --unreachable" program using the heads specified
+on the command line (or `.git/refs/heads/\*` and `.git/refs/tags/\*` if none is
+specified), and prunes all unreachable objects from the object database.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pull-script.txt b/Documentation/git-pull-script.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..44fd09a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-pull-script.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
+git-pull-script(1)
+==================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-pull-script - Script used by Linus to pull and merge a remote repository
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-pull-script'
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+This script is used by Linus to pull from a remote repository and perform
+a merge.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cbde13d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,152 @@
+git-read-tree(1)
+================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-read-tree - Reads tree information into the directory cache
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-read-tree' (<tree-ish> | -m <tree-ish1> [<tree-ish2> <tree-ish3>])"
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Reads the tree information given by <tree> into the directory cache,
+but does not actually *update* any of the files it "caches". (see:
+git-checkout-cache)
+
+Optionally, it can merge a tree into the cache or perform a 3-way
+merge.
+
+Trivial merges are done by "git-read-tree" itself. Only conflicting paths
+will be in unmerged state when "git-read-tree" returns.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+-m::
+ Perform a merge, not just a read
+
+<tree-ish#>::
+ The id of the tree object(s) to be read/merged.
+
+
+Merging
+-------
+If '-m' is specified, "git-read-tree" performs 2 kinds of merge, a single tree
+merge if only 1 tree is given or a 3-way merge if 3 trees are
+provided.
+
+Single Tree Merge
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+If only 1 tree is specified, git-read-tree operates as if the user did not
+specify '-m', except that if the original cache has an entry for a
+given pathname; and the contents of the path matches with the tree
+being read, the stat info from the cache is used. (In other words, the
+cache's stat()s take precedence over the merged tree's)
+
+That means that if you do a "git-read-tree -m <newtree>" followed by a
+"git-checkout-cache -f -a", the "git-checkout-cache" only checks out
+the stuff that really changed.
+
+This is used to avoid unnecessary false hits when "git-diff-files" is
+run after git-read-tree.
+
+3-Way Merge
+~~~~~~~~~~~
+Each "index" entry has two bits worth of "stage" state. stage 0 is the
+normal one, and is the only one you'd see in any kind of normal use.
+
+However, when you do "git-read-tree" with three trees, the "stage"
+starts out at 1.
+
+This means that you can do
+
+ git-read-tree -m <tree1> <tree2> <tree3>
+
+and you will end up with an index with all of the <tree1> entries in
+"stage1", all of the <tree2> entries in "stage2" and all of the
+<tree3> entries in "stage3".
+
+Furthermore, "git-read-tree" has special-case logic that says: if you see
+a file that matches in all respects in the following states, it
+"collapses" back to "stage0":
+
+ - stage 2 and 3 are the same; take one or the other (it makes no
+ difference - the same work has been done on stage 2 and 3)
+
+ - stage 1 and stage 2 are the same and stage 3 is different; take
+ stage 3 (some work has been done on stage 3)
+
+ - stage 1 and stage 3 are the same and stage 2 is different take
+ stage 2 (some work has been done on stage 2)
+
+The "git-write-tree" command refuses to write a nonsensical tree, and it
+will complain about unmerged entries if it sees a single entry that is not
+stage 0.
+
+Ok, this all sounds like a collection of totally nonsensical rules,
+but it's actually exactly what you want in order to do a fast
+merge. The different stages represent the "result tree" (stage 0, aka
+"merged"), the original tree (stage 1, aka "orig"), and the two trees
+you are trying to merge (stage 2 and 3 respectively).
+
+In fact, the way "git-read-tree" works, it's entirely agnostic about how
+you assign the stages, and you could really assign them any which way,
+and the above is just a suggested way to do it (except since
+"git-write-tree" refuses to write anything but stage0 entries, it makes
+sense to always consider stage 0 to be the "full merge" state).
+
+So what happens? Try it out. Select the original tree, and two trees
+to merge, and look how it works:
+
+- if a file exists in identical format in all three trees, it will
+ automatically collapse to "merged" state by the new git-read-tree.
+
+- a file that has _any_ difference what-so-ever in the three trees
+ will stay as separate entries in the index. It's up to "script
+ policy" to determine how to remove the non-0 stages, and insert a
+ merged version. But since the index is always sorted, they're easy
+ to find: they'll be clustered together.
+
+- the index file saves and restores with all this information, so you
+ can merge things incrementally, but as long as it has entries in
+ stages 1/2/3 (ie "unmerged entries") you can't write the result. So
+ now the merge algorithm ends up being really simple:
+
+ * you walk the index in order, and ignore all entries of stage 0,
+ since they've already been done.
+
+ * if you find a "stage1", but no matching "stage2" or "stage3", you
+ know it's been removed from both trees (it only existed in the
+ original tree), and you remove that entry.
+
+ * if you find a matching "stage2" and "stage3" tree, you remove one
+ of them, and turn the other into a "stage0" entry. Remove any
+ matching "stage1" entry if it exists too. .. all the normal
+ trivial rules ..
+
+Incidentally - it also means that you don't even have to have a
+separate subdirectory for this. All the information literally is in
+the index file, which is a temporary thing anyway. There is no need to
+worry about what is in the working directory, since it is never shown
+and never used.
+
+See Also
+--------
+link:git-write-tree.html[git-write-tree]; link:git-ls-files.html[git-ls-files]
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-resolve-script.txt b/Documentation/git-resolve-script.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8dd84a3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-resolve-script.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+git-resolve-script(1)
+=====================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-resolve-script - Script used to merge two trees
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-resolve-script'
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+This script is used by Linus to merge two trees.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f2c5fa9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+git-rev-list(1)
+===============
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-rev-list - Lists commit objects in reverse chronological order
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-rev-list' <commit>
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Lists commit objects in reverse chronological order starting at the
+given commit, taking ancestry relationship into account. This is
+useful to produce human-readable log output.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-tree.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2ec7ed0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-tree.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
+git-rev-tree(1)
+===============
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-rev-tree - Provides the revision tree for one or more commits
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-rev-tree' [--edges] [--cache <cache-file>] [^]<commit> [[^]<commit>]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Provides the revision tree for one or more commits.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--edges::
+ Show edges (ie places where the marking changes between parent
+ and child)
+
+--cache <cache-file>::
+ Use the specified file as a cache from a previous git-rev-list run
+ to speed things up. Note that this "cache" is totally different
+ concept from the directory index. Also this option is not
+ implemented yet.
+
+[^]<commit>::
+ The commit id to trace (a leading caret means to ignore this
+ commit-id and below)
+
+Output
+------
+
+ <date> <commit>:<flags> [<parent-commit>:<flags> ]\*
+
+<date>::
+ Date in 'seconds since epoch'
+
+<commit>::
+ id of commit object
+
+<parent-commit>::
+ id of each parent commit object (>1 indicates a merge)
+
+<flags>::
+
+ The flags are read as a bitmask representing each commit
+ provided on the commandline. eg: given the command:
+
+ $ git-rev-tree <com1> <com2> <com3>
+
+ The output:
+
+ <date> <commit>:5
+
+ means that <commit> is reachable from <com1>(1) and <com3>(4)
+
+A revtree can get quite large. "git-rev-tree" will eventually allow
+you to cache previous state so that you don't have to follow the whole
+thing down.
+
+So the change difference between two commits is literally
+
+ git-rev-tree [commit-id1] > commit1-revtree
+ git-rev-tree [commit-id2] > commit2-revtree
+ join -t : commit1-revtree commit2-revtree > common-revisions
+
+(this is also how to find the most common parent - you'd look at just
+the head revisions - the ones that aren't referred to by other
+revisions - in "common-revision", and figure out the best one. I
+think.)
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rpull.txt b/Documentation/git-rpull.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1807fc5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-rpull.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@
+git-rpull(1)
+============
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-rpull - Pulls from a remote repository over ssh connection
+
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-rpull' [-c] [-t] [-a] [-v] commit-id url
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Pulls from a remote repository over ssh connection, invoking git-rpush on
+the other end.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+-c::
+ Get the commit objects.
+-t::
+ Get trees associated with the commit objects.
+-a::
+ Get all the objects.
+-v::
+ Report what is downloaded.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rpush.txt b/Documentation/git-rpush.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1c1cbab
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-rpush.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+git-rpush(1)
+============
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-rpush - Helper "server-side" program used by git-rpull
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-rpush'
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Helper "server-side" program used by git-rpull.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tag-script.txt b/Documentation/git-tag-script.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..daf350b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-tag-script.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+git-tag-script(1)
+=================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-tag-script - An example script to create a tag object signed with GPG
+
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-tag-script'
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+This is an example script that uses "git-mktag" to create a tag object
+signed with GPG.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tar-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-tar-tree.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7870e92
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-tar-tree.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+git-tar-tree(1)
+===============
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-tar-tree - Creates a tar archive of the files in the named tree
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-tar-tree' <tree-ish> [ <base> ]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Creates a tar archive containing the tree structure for the named tree.
+When <base> is specified it is added as a leading path as the files in the
+generated tar archive.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-unpack-file.txt b/Documentation/git-unpack-file.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2f2130d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-unpack-file.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,37 @@
+git-unpack-file(1)
+==================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-unpack-file - Creates a temporary file with a blob's contents
+
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-unpack-file' <blob>
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Creates a file holding the contents of the blob specified by sha1. It
+returns the name of the temporary file in the following format:
+ .merge_file_XXXXX
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+<blob>::
+ Must be a blob id
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-cache.txt b/Documentation/git-update-cache.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..604411d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-cache.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,108 @@
+git-update-cache(1)
+===================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-update-cache - Modifies the index or directory cache
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-update-cache'
+ [--add] [--remove] [--refresh] [--replace]
+ [--ignore-missing]
+ [--force-remove <file>]
+ [--cacheinfo <mode> <object> <file>]\*
+ [--] [<file>]\*
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Modifies the index or directory cache. Each file mentioned is updated
+into the cache and any 'unmerged' or 'needs updating' state is
+cleared.
+
+The way "git-update-cache" handles files it is told about can be modified
+using the various options:
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--add::
+ If a specified file isn't in the cache already then it's
+ added.
+ Default behaviour is to ignore new files.
+
+--remove::
+ If a specified file is in the cache but is missing then it's
+ removed.
+ Default behaviour is to ignore removed file.
+
+--refresh::
+ Looks at the current cache and checks to see if merges or
+ updates are needed by checking stat() information.
+
+--ignore-missing::
+ Ignores missing files during a --refresh
+
+--cacheinfo <mode> <object> <path>::
+ Directly insert the specified info into the cache.
+
+--force-remove::
+ Remove the file from the index even when the working directory
+ still has such a file.
+
+--replace::
+ By default, when a file `path` exists in the index,
+ git-update-cache refuses an attempt to add `path/file`.
+ Similarly if a file `path/file` exists, a file `path`
+ cannot be added. With --replace flag, existing entries
+ that conflicts with the entry being added are
+ automatically removed with warning messages.
+
+--::
+ Do not interpret any more arguments as options.
+
+<file>::
+ Files to act on.
+ Note that files begining with '.' are discarded. This includes
+ `./file` and `dir/./file`. If you don't want this, then use
+ cleaner names.
+ The same applies to directories ending '/' and paths with '//'
+
+Using --refresh
+---------------
+'--refresh' does not calculate a new sha1 file or bring the cache
+up-to-date for mode/content changes. But what it *does* do is to
+"re-match" the stat information of a file with the cache, so that you
+can refresh the cache for a file that hasn't been changed but where
+the stat entry is out of date.
+
+For example, you'd want to do this after doing a "git-read-tree", to link
+up the stat cache details with the proper files.
+
+Using --cacheinfo
+-----------------
+'--cacheinfo' is used to register a file that is not in the current
+working directory. This is useful for minimum-checkout merging.
+
+To pretend you have a file with mode and sha1 at path, say:
+
+ $ git-update-cache --cacheinfo mode sha1 path
+
+To update and refresh only the files already checked out:
+
+ git-checkout-cache -n -f -a && git-update-cache --ignore-missing --refresh
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-write-blob.txt b/Documentation/git-write-blob.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..22d7555
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-write-blob.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,33 @@
+git-write-blob(1)
+=================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-write-blob - Creates a blob from a file
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-write-blob' <any-file-on-the-filesystem>
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Writes the contents of the named file (which can be outside of the work
+tree) as a blob into the object database, and reports its object ID to its
+standard output. This is used by "git-merge-one-file-script" to update the
+cache without modifying files in the work tree.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-write-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-write-tree.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..458d97a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-write-tree.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
+git-write-tree(1)
+=================
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git-write-tree - Creates a tree from the current cache
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-write-tree'
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Creates a tree object using the current cache.
+
+The cache must be merged.
+
+Conceptually, "git-write-tree" sync()s the current directory cache contents
+into a set of tree files.
+In order to have that match what is actually in your directory right
+now, you need to have done a "git-update-cache" phase before you did the
+"git-write-tree".
+
+
+
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+Producing man pages and html
+
+To create a set of html pages run:
+ perl split-docs.pl -html < core-git.txt
+
+To create a set of man pages run:
+ perl split-docs.pl -man < core-git.txt
+
+
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git.txt b/Documentation/git.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a02ed6f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,309 @@
+git(1)
+======
+v0.1, May 2005
+
+NAME
+----
+git - the stupid content tracker
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-<command>' <args>
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+This is reference information for the core git commands.
+
+The link:README[] contains much useful definition and clarification
+info - read that first. And of the commands, I suggest reading
+'git-update-cache' and 'git-read-tree' first - I wish I had!
+
+David Greaves <david@dgreaves.com>
+08/05/05
+
+Updated by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net> on 2005-05-05 to
+reflect recent changes.
+
+Commands Overview
+-----------------
+The git commands can helpfully be split into those that manipulate
+the repository, the cache and the working fileset and those that
+interrogate and compare them.
+
+There are also some ancilliary programs that can be viewed as useful
+aids for using the core commands but which are unlikely to be used by
+SCMs layered over git.
+
+Manipulation commands
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+link:git-checkout-cache.html[git-checkout-cache]::
+ Copy files from the cache to the working directory
+
+link:git-commit-tree.html[git-commit-tree]::
+ Creates a new commit object
+
+link:git-init-db.html[git-init-db]::
+ Creates an empty git object database
+
+link:git-merge-base.html[git-merge-base]::
+ Finds as good a common ancestor as possible for a merge
+
+link:git-mktag.html[git-mktag]::
+ Creates a tag object
+
+link:git-read-tree.html[git-read-tree]::
+ Reads tree information into the directory cache
+
+link:git-update-cache.html[git-update-cache]::
+ Modifies the index or directory cache
+
+link:git-write-blob.html[git-write-blob]::
+ Creates a blob from a file
+
+link:git-write-tree.html[git-write-tree]::
+ Creates a tree from the current cache
+
+Interrogation commands
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+link:git-cat-file.html[git-cat-file]::
+ Provide content or type information for repository objects
+
+link:git-check-files.html[git-check-files]::
+ Verify a list of files are up-to-date
+
+link:git-diff-cache.html[git-diff-cache]::
+ Compares content and mode of blobs between the cache and repository
+
+link:git-diff-files.html[git-diff-files]::
+ Compares files in the working tree and the cache
+
+link:git-diff-tree.html[git-diff-tree]::
+ Compares the content and mode of blobs found via two tree objects
+
+link:git-export.html[git-export]::
+ Exports each commit and a diff against each of its parents
+
+link:git-fsck-cache.html[git-fsck-cache]::
+ Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database
+
+link:git-ls-files.html[git-ls-files]::
+ Information about files in the cache/working directory
+
+link:git-ls-tree.html[git-ls-tree]::
+ Displays a tree object in human readable form
+
+link:git-merge-cache.html[git-merge-cache]::
+ Runs a merge for files needing merging
+
+link:git-rev-list.html[git-rev-list]::
+ Lists commit objects in reverse chronological order
+
+link:git-rev-tree.html[git-rev-tree]::
+ Provides the revision tree for one or more commits
+
+link:git-tar-tree.html[git-tar-tree]::
+ Creates a tar archive of the files in the named tree
+
+link:git-unpack-file.html[git-unpack-file]::
+ Creates a temporary file with a blob's contents
+
+The interrogate commands may create files - and you can force them to
+touch the working file set - but in general they don't
+
+
+Ancilliary Commands
+-------------------
+Manipulators:
+
+link:git-apply-patch-script.html[git-apply-patch-script]::
+ Sample script to apply the diffs from git-diff-*
+
+link:git-convert-cache.html[git-convert-cache]::
+ Converts old-style GIT repository
+
+link:git-http-pull.html[git-http-pull]::
+ Downloads a remote GIT repository via HTTP
+
+link:git-local-pull.html[git-local-pull]::
+ Duplicates another GIT repository on a local system
+
+link:git-merge-one-file-script.html[git-merge-one-file-script]::
+ The standard helper program to use with "git-merge-cache"
+
+link:git-pull-script.html[git-pull-script]::
+ Script used by Linus to pull and merge a remote repository
+
+link:git-prune-script.html[git-prune-script]::
+ Prunes all unreachable objects from the object database
+
+link:git-resolve-script.html[git-resolve-script]::
+ Script used to merge two trees
+
+link:git-tag-script.html[git-tag-script]::
+ An example script to create a tag object signed with GPG
+
+link:git-rpull.html[git-rpull]::
+ Pulls from a remote repository over ssh connection
+
+Interogators:
+
+link:git-diff-tree-helper.html[git-diff-tree-helper]::
+ Generates patch format output for git-diff-*
+
+link:git-rpush.html[git-rpush]::
+ Helper "server-side" program used by git-rpull
+
+
+
+Terminology
+-----------
+see README for description
+
+Identifier terminology
+----------------------
+<object>::
+ Indicates any object sha1 identifier
+
+<blob>::
+ Indicates a blob object sha1 identifier
+
+<tree>::
+ Indicates a tree object sha1 identifier
+
+<commit>::
+ Indicates a commit object sha1 identifier
+
+<tree-ish>::
+ Indicates a tree, commit or tag object sha1 identifier.
+ A command that takes a <tree-ish> argument ultimately
+ wants to operate on a <tree> object but automatically
+ dereferences <commit> and <tag> that points at a
+ <tree>.
+
+<type>::
+ Indicates that an object type is required.
+ Currently one of: blob/tree/commit/tag
+
+<file>::
+ Indicates a filename - always relative to the root of
+ the tree structure GIT_INDEX_FILE describes.
+
+Symbolic Identifiers
+--------------------
+Any git comand accepting any <object> can also use the following symbolic notation:
+
+HEAD::
+ indicates the head of the repository (ie the contents of `$GIT_DIR/HEAD`)
+<tag>::
+ a valid tag 'name'+
+ (ie the contents of `$GIT_DIR/refs/tags/<tag>`)
+<head>::
+ a valid head 'name'+
+ (ie the contents of `$GIT_DIR/refs/heads/<head>`)
+<snap>::
+ a valid snapshot 'name'+
+ (ie the contents of `$GIT_DIR/refs/snap/<snap>`)
+
+
+File/Directory Structure
+------------------------
+The git-core manipulates the following areas in the directory:
+
+ .git/ The base (overridden with $GIT_DIR)
+ objects/ The object base (overridden with $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY)
+ ??/ 'First 2 chars of object' directories
+
+It can interrogate (but never updates) the following areas:
+
+ refs/ Directories containing symbolic names for objects
+ (each file contains the hex SHA1 + newline)
+ heads/ Commits which are heads of various sorts
+ tags/ Tags, by the tag name (or some local renaming of it)
+ snap/ ????
+ ... Everything else isn't shared
+ HEAD Symlink to refs/heads/<something>
+
+Higher level SCMs may provide and manage additional information in the
+GIT_DIR.
+
+Terminology
+-----------
+Each line contains terms used interchangeably
+
+ object database, .git directory
+ directory cache, index
+ id, sha1, sha1-id, sha1 hash
+ type, tag
+ blob, blob object
+ tree, tree object
+ commit, commit object
+ parent
+ root object
+ changeset
+
+
+Environment Variables
+---------------------
+Various git commands use the following environment variables:
+
+The git Repository
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+These environment variables apply to 'all' core git commands. Nb: it
+is worth noting that they may be used/overridden by SCMS sitting above
+git so take care if using Cogito etc
+
+'GIT_INDEX_FILE'::
+ This environment allows the specification of an alternate
+ cache/index file. If not specified, the default of
+ `$GIT_DIR/index` is used.
+
+'GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY'::
+ If the object storage directory is specified via this
+ environment variable then the sha1 directories are created
+ underneath - otherwise the default `$GIT_DIR/objects`
+ directory is used.
+
+'GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES'::
+ Due to the immutable nature of git objects, old objects can be
+ archived into shared, read-only directories. This variable
+ specifies a ":" seperated list of git object directories which
+ can be used to search for git objects. New objects will not be
+ written to these directories.
+
+'GIT_DIR'::
+ If the 'GIT_DIR' environment variable is set then it specifies
+ a path to use instead of `./.git` for the base of the
+ repository.
+
+git Commits
+~~~~~~~~~~~
+'GIT_AUTHOR_NAME'::
+'GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL'::
+'GIT_AUTHOR_DATE'::
+'GIT_COMMITTER_NAME'::
+'GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL'::
+ see link:git-commit-tree.html[git-commit-tree]
+
+git Diffs
+~~~~~~~~~
+GIT_DIFF_OPTS::
+GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF::
+ see the "generating patches" section in :
+ link:git-diff-cache.html[git-diff-cache];
+ link:git-diff-files.html[git-diff-files];
+ link:git-diff-tree.html[git-diff-tree]
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index a8d4175..6afcb3e 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -7,10 +7,16 @@
# BREAK YOUR LOCAL DIFFS! show-diff and anything using it will likely randomly
# break unless your underlying filesystem supports those sub-second times
# (my ext3 doesn't).
-CFLAGS=-g -O2 -Wall
+COPTS=-O2
+CFLAGS=-g $(COPTS) -Wall
+
+prefix=$(HOME)
+bin=$(prefix)/bin
+# dest=
CC=gcc
AR=ar
+INSTALL=install
SCRIPTS=git-apply-patch-script git-merge-one-file-script git-prune-script \
git-pull-script git-tag-script git-resolve-script
@@ -21,12 +27,13 @@ PROG= git-update-cache git-diff-files git-init-db git-write-tree \
git-check-files git-ls-tree git-merge-base git-merge-cache \
git-unpack-file git-export git-diff-cache git-convert-cache \
git-http-pull git-rpush git-rpull git-rev-list git-mktag \
- git-diff-tree-helper git-tar-tree git-local-pull git-write-blob
+ git-diff-tree-helper git-tar-tree git-local-pull git-write-blob \
+ git-get-tar-commit-id
all: $(PROG)
install: $(PROG) $(SCRIPTS)
- install $(PROG) $(SCRIPTS) $(HOME)/bin/
+ $(INSTALL) $(PROG) $(SCRIPTS) $(dest)$(bin)
LIB_OBJS=read-cache.o sha1_file.o usage.o object.o commit.o tree.o blob.o \
tag.o date.o
@@ -39,6 +46,8 @@ LIB_OBJS += strbuf.o
LIB_H += diff.h
LIB_OBJS += diff.o
+LIB_OBJS += gitenv.o
+
LIBS = $(LIB_FILE)
LIBS += -lz
@@ -51,7 +60,7 @@ ifdef PPC_SHA1
LIB_OBJS += ppc/sha1.o ppc/sha1ppc.o
else
SHA1_HEADER=<openssl/sha.h>
- LIBS += -lssl
+ LIBS += -lcrypto
endif
endif
@@ -109,6 +118,7 @@ sha1_file.o: $(LIB_H)
usage.o: $(LIB_H)
diff.o: $(LIB_H)
strbuf.o: $(LIB_H)
+gitenv.o: $(LIB_H)
clean:
rm -f *.o mozilla-sha1/*.o ppc/*.o $(PROG) $(LIB_FILE)
diff --git a/README b/README
index d4fa56f..0cccfe8 100644
--- a/README
+++ b/README
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ There are two object abstractions: the "object database", and the
- The Object Database (SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY)
+ The Object Database (GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY)
The object database is literally just a content-addressable collection
diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h
index f8329ae..ff229ee 100644
--- a/cache.h
+++ b/cache.h
@@ -31,6 +31,13 @@
#endif
/*
+ * Environment variables transition.
+ * We accept older names for now but warn.
+ */
+extern char *gitenv_bc(const char *);
+#define gitenv(e) (getenv(e) ? : gitenv_bc(e))
+
+/*
* Basic data structures for the directory cache
*
* NOTE NOTE NOTE! This is all in the native CPU byte format. It's
@@ -99,15 +106,15 @@ static inline unsigned int create_ce_mode(unsigned int mode)
extern struct cache_entry **active_cache;
extern unsigned int active_nr, active_alloc, active_cache_changed;
-#define DB_ENVIRONMENT "SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY"
-#define DEFAULT_DB_ENVIRONMENT ".git/objects"
-
-#define get_object_directory() (getenv(DB_ENVIRONMENT) ? : DEFAULT_DB_ENVIRONMENT)
-
+#define GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_DIR"
+#define DEFAULT_GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT ".git"
+#define DB_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY"
#define INDEX_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_INDEX_FILE"
-#define DEFAULT_INDEX_ENVIRONMENT ".git/index"
-#define get_index_file() (getenv(INDEX_ENVIRONMENT) ? : DEFAULT_INDEX_ENVIRONMENT)
+extern char *get_object_directory(void);
+extern char *get_index_file(void);
+
+#define ALTERNATE_DB_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES"
#define alloc_nr(x) (((x)+16)*3/2)
@@ -115,7 +122,9 @@ extern unsigned int active_nr, active_alloc, active_cache_changed;
extern int read_cache(void);
extern int write_cache(int newfd, struct cache_entry **cache, int entries);
extern int cache_name_pos(const char *name, int namelen);
-extern int add_cache_entry(struct cache_entry *ce, int ok_to_add);
+#define ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_ADD 1 /* Ok to add */
+#define ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_REPLACE 2 /* Ok to replace file/directory */
+extern int add_cache_entry(struct cache_entry *ce, int option);
extern int remove_entry_at(int pos);
extern int remove_file_from_cache(char *path);
extern int same_name(struct cache_entry *a, struct cache_entry *b);
diff --git a/checkout-cache.c b/checkout-cache.c
index 244ebd1..64ce921 100644
--- a/checkout-cache.c
+++ b/checkout-cache.c
@@ -48,6 +48,7 @@ static void create_directories(const char *path)
buf[len] = 0;
mkdir(buf, 0755);
}
+ free(buf);
}
static int create_file(const char *path, unsigned int mode)
diff --git a/commit-tree.c b/commit-tree.c
index cfd6730..b8dd36f 100644
--- a/commit-tree.c
+++ b/commit-tree.c
@@ -146,11 +146,11 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
datestamp(realdate, sizeof(realdate));
strcpy(date, realdate);
- commitgecos = getenv("COMMIT_AUTHOR_NAME") ? : realgecos;
- commitemail = getenv("COMMIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL") ? : realemail;
- gecos = getenv("AUTHOR_NAME") ? : realgecos;
- email = getenv("AUTHOR_EMAIL") ? : realemail;
- audate = getenv("AUTHOR_DATE");
+ commitgecos = gitenv("GIT_COMMITTER_NAME") ? : realgecos;
+ commitemail = gitenv("GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL") ? : realemail;
+ gecos = gitenv("GIT_AUTHOR_NAME") ? : realgecos;
+ email = gitenv("GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL") ? : realemail;
+ audate = gitenv("GIT_AUTHOR_DATE");
if (audate)
parse_date(audate, date, sizeof(date));
diff --git a/diff-cache.c b/diff-cache.c
index 7e87d28..8452719 100644
--- a/diff-cache.c
+++ b/diff-cache.c
@@ -165,7 +165,7 @@ static void mark_merge_entries(void)
}
static char *diff_cache_usage =
-"diff-cache [-r] [-z] [-p] [-i] [--cached] <tree sha1>";
+"git-diff-cache [-p] [-r] [-z] [-m] [--cached] <tree sha1>";
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
diff --git a/diff-tree-helper.c b/diff-tree-helper.c
index a683283..51bb658 100644
--- a/diff-tree-helper.c
+++ b/diff-tree-helper.c
@@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
/*
* Copyright (C) 2005 Junio C Hamano
*/
+#include <limits.h>
#include "cache.h"
#include "strbuf.h"
#include "diff.h"
diff --git a/diff.c b/diff.c
index 95488cd..3230997 100644
--- a/diff.c
+++ b/diff.c
@@ -4,14 +4,15 @@
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <signal.h>
+#include <limits.h>
#include "cache.h"
#include "diff.h"
-static char *diff_opts = "-pu";
+static const char *diff_opts = "-pu";
static const char *external_diff(void)
{
- static char *external_diff_cmd = NULL;
+ static const char *external_diff_cmd = NULL;
static int done_preparing = 0;
if (done_preparing)
@@ -25,11 +26,11 @@ static const char *external_diff(void)
*
* GIT_DIFF_OPTS="-c";
*/
- if (getenv("GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF"))
- external_diff_cmd = getenv("GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF");
+ if (gitenv("GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF"))
+ external_diff_cmd = gitenv("GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF");
/* In case external diff fails... */
- diff_opts = getenv("GIT_DIFF_OPTS") ? : diff_opts;
+ diff_opts = gitenv("GIT_DIFF_OPTS") ? : diff_opts;
done_preparing = 1;
return external_diff_cmd;
diff --git a/fsck-cache.c b/fsck-cache.c
index abdec92..a00702b 100644
--- a/fsck-cache.c
+++ b/fsck-cache.c
@@ -62,6 +62,9 @@ static void check_connectivity(void)
* So a directory called "a" is ordered _after_ a file
* called "a.c", because "a/" sorts after "a.c".
*/
+#define TREE_UNORDERED (-1)
+#define TREE_HAS_DUPS (-2)
+
static int verify_ordered(struct tree_entry_list *a, struct tree_entry_list *b)
{
int len1 = strlen(a->name);
@@ -74,7 +77,7 @@ static int verify_ordered(struct tree_entry_list *a, struct tree_entry_list *b)
if (cmp < 0)
return 0;
if (cmp > 0)
- return -1;
+ return TREE_UNORDERED;
/*
* Ok, the first <len> characters are the same.
@@ -83,11 +86,18 @@ static int verify_ordered(struct tree_entry_list *a, struct tree_entry_list *b)
*/
c1 = a->name[len];
c2 = b->name[len];
+ if (!c1 && !c2)
+ /*
+ * git-write-tree used to write out a nonsense tree that has
+ * entries with the same name, one blob and one tree. Make
+ * sure we do not have duplicate entries.
+ */
+ return TREE_HAS_DUPS;
if (!c1 && a->directory)
c1 = '/';
if (!c2 && b->directory)
c2 = '/';
- return c1 < c2 ? 0 : -1;
+ return c1 < c2 ? 0 : TREE_UNORDERED;
}
static int fsck_tree(struct tree *item)
@@ -123,10 +133,18 @@ static int fsck_tree(struct tree *item)
}
if (last) {
- if (verify_ordered(last, entry) < 0) {
+ switch (verify_ordered(last, entry)) {
+ case TREE_UNORDERED:
fprintf(stderr, "tree %s not ordered\n",
sha1_to_hex(item->object.sha1));
return -1;
+ case TREE_HAS_DUPS:
+ fprintf(stderr, "tree %s has duplicate entries for '%s'\n",
+ sha1_to_hex(item->object.sha1),
+ entry->name);
+ return -1;
+ default:
+ break;
}
}
@@ -306,7 +324,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
usage("fsck-cache [--tags] [[--unreachable] [--cache] <head-sha1>*]");
}
- sha1_dir = getenv(DB_ENVIRONMENT) ? : DEFAULT_DB_ENVIRONMENT;
+ sha1_dir = get_object_directory();
for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
static char dir[4096];
sprintf(dir, "%s/%02x", sha1_dir, i);
diff --git a/git-apply-patch-script b/git-apply-patch-script
index 13ec1c4..0849a3e 100755
--- a/git-apply-patch-script
+++ b/git-apply-patch-script
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@
#
case "$#" in
-2)
+1)
echo >&2 "cannot handle unmerged diff on path $1."
exit 1 ;;
esac
diff --git a/git-merge-one-file-script b/git-merge-one-file-script
index 3fb43cc..3e128c6 100755
--- a/git-merge-one-file-script
+++ b/git-merge-one-file-script
@@ -52,9 +52,9 @@ case "${1:-.}${2:-.}${3:-.}" in
#
"$1$2$3")
echo "Auto-merging $4."
- orig=$(git-unpack-file $1)
- src1=$(git-unpack-file $2)
- src2=$(git-unpack-file $3)
+ orig=`git-unpack-file $1`
+ src1=`git-unpack-file $2`
+ src2=`git-unpack-file $3`
merge "$src2" "$orig" "$src1"
ret=$?
if [ "$6" != "$7" ]; then
@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@ case "${1:-.}${2:-.}${3:-.}" in
echo "ERROR: Leaving conflict merge in $src2."
exit 1
fi
- sha1=$(git-write-blob "$src2") || {
+ sha1=`git-write-blob "$src2"` || {
echo "ERROR: Leaving conflict merge in $src2."
}
exec git-update-cache --add --cacheinfo "$6" $sha1 "$4" ;;
diff --git a/git-prune-script b/git-prune-script
index 9ba89a5..1a97ccc 100755
--- a/git-prune-script
+++ b/git-prune-script
@@ -11,6 +11,9 @@ do
shift;
done
+: ${GIT_DIR=.git}
+: ${GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY="${SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY-"$GIT_DIR/objects"}"}
+
# Defaulting to include .git/refs/*/* may be debatable from the
# purist POV but power users can always give explicit parameters
# to the script anyway.
@@ -19,7 +22,8 @@ case "$#" in
0)
x_40='[0-9a-f][0-9a-f][0-9a-f][0-9a-f][0-9a-f]'
x_40="$x_40$x_40$x_40$x_40$x_40$x_40$x_40$x_40"
- set x $(sed -ne "/^$x_40\$/p" .git/HEAD .git/refs/*/* 2>/dev/null)
+ set x $(sed -ne "/^$x_40\$/p" \
+ "$GIT_DIR"/HEAD "$GIT_DIR"/refs/*/* /dev/null 2>/dev/null)
shift ;;
esac
@@ -28,9 +32,7 @@ sed -ne '/unreachable /{
s/unreachable [^ ][^ ]* //
s|\(..\)|\1/|p
}' | {
- case "$SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY" in
- '') cd .git/objects/ ;;
- *) cd "$SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY" ;;
- esac || exit
+ cd "$GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY" || exit
xargs -r $dryrun rm -f
}
+
diff --git a/git-pull-script b/git-pull-script
index 78d2f3d..bd892c7 100755
--- a/git-pull-script
+++ b/git-pull-script
@@ -3,6 +3,9 @@
merge_repo=$1
merge_name=${2:-HEAD}
+: ${GIT_DIR=.git}
+: ${GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY="${SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY-"$GIT_DIR/objects"}"}
+
download_one () {
# remote_path="$1" local_file="$2"
case "$1" in
@@ -25,16 +28,19 @@ download_objects () {
git-local-pull -l -a "$2" "$1/"
;;
*)
- rsync -avz --ignore-existing "$1/objects/." \
- ${SHA_FILE_DIRECTORY:-.git/objects}/.
+ rsync -avz --ignore-existing \
+ "$1/objects/." "$GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY"/.
;;
esac
}
echo "Getting remote $merge_name"
-download_one "$merge_repo/$merge_name" .git/MERGE_HEAD
+download_one "$merge_repo/$merge_name" "$GIT_DIR"/MERGE_HEAD
echo "Getting object database"
-download_objects "$merge_repo" "$(cat .git/MERGE_HEAD)"
+download_objects "$merge_repo" "$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/MERGE_HEAD)"
-git-resolve-script "$(cat .git/HEAD)" "$(cat .git/MERGE_HEAD)" "$merge_repo"
+git-resolve-script \
+ "$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/HEAD)" \
+ "$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/MERGE_HEAD)" \
+ "$merge_repo"
diff --git a/git-resolve-script b/git-resolve-script
index c2f7a6e..ec646fb 100644
--- a/git-resolve-script
+++ b/git-resolve-script
@@ -1,14 +1,19 @@
#!/bin/sh
#
+# Copyright (c) 2005 Linus Torvalds
+#
# Resolve two trees.
#
head="$1"
merge="$2"
merge_repo="$3"
-rm -f .git/MERGE_HEAD .git/ORIG_HEAD
-echo $head > .git/ORIG_HEAD
-echo $merge > .git/MERGE_HEAD
+: ${GIT_DIR=.git}
+: ${GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY="${SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY-"$GIT_DIR/objects"}"}
+
+rm -f "$GIT_DIR"/MERGE_HEAD "$GIT_DIR"/ORIG_HEAD
+echo $head > "$GIT_DIR"/ORIG_HEAD
+echo $merge > "$GIT_DIR"/MERGE_HEAD
#
# The remote name is just used for the message,
@@ -35,7 +40,7 @@ if [ "$common" == "$head" ]; then
echo "Kill me within 3 seconds.."
sleep 3
git-read-tree -m $merge && git-checkout-cache -f -a && git-update-cache --refresh
- echo $merge > .git/HEAD
+ echo $merge > "$GIT_DIR"/HEAD
git-diff-tree -p ORIG_HEAD HEAD | diffstat -p1
exit 0
fi
@@ -51,6 +56,6 @@ if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
fi
result_commit=$(echo "$merge_msg" | git-commit-tree $result_tree -p $head -p $merge)
echo "Committed merge $result_commit"
-echo $result_commit > .git/HEAD
+echo $result_commit > "$GIT_DIR"/HEAD
git-checkout-cache -f -a && git-update-cache --refresh
git-diff-tree -p ORIG_HEAD HEAD | diffstat -p1
diff --git a/git-tag-script b/git-tag-script
index ccc75dc..281d192 100755
--- a/git-tag-script
+++ b/git-tag-script
@@ -1,5 +1,9 @@
#!/bin/sh
-object=${2:-$(cat .git/HEAD)}
+# Copyright (c) 2005 Linus Torvalds
+
+: ${GIT_DIR=.git}
+
+object=${2:-$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/HEAD)}
type=$(git-cat-file -t $object) || exit 1
( echo -e "object $object\ntype $type\ntag $1\n"; cat ) > .tmp-tag
rm -f .tmp-tag.asc
diff --git a/gitenv.c b/gitenv.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ab9396f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gitenv.c
@@ -0,0 +1,75 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2005 Junio C Hamano
+ */
+#include "cache.h"
+
+/*
+ * This array must be sorted by its canonical name, because
+ * we do look-up by binary search.
+ */
+static struct backward_compatible_env {
+ const char *canonical;
+ const char *old;
+} bc_name[] = {
+ { "GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES", "SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORIES" },
+ { "GIT_AUTHOR_DATE", "AUTHOR_DATE" },
+ { "GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL", "AUTHOR_EMAIL" },
+ { "GIT_AUTHOR_NAME", "AUTHOR_NAME" },
+ { "GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL", "COMMIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL" },
+ { "GIT_COMMITTER_NAME", "COMMIT_AUTHOR_NAME" },
+ { "GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY", "SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY" },
+};
+
+static void warn_old_environment(int pos)
+{
+ int i;
+ static int warned = 0;
+ if (warned)
+ return;
+
+ warned = 1;
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "warning: Attempting to use %s\n",
+ bc_name[pos].old);
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "warning: GIT environment variables have been renamed.\n"
+ "warning: Please adjust your scripts and environment.\n");
+ for (i = 0; i < sizeof(bc_name) / sizeof(bc_name[0]); i++) {
+ /* warning is needed only when old name is there and
+ * new name is not.
+ */
+ if (!getenv(bc_name[i].canonical) && getenv(bc_name[i].old))
+ fprintf(stderr, "warning: old %s => new %s\n",
+ bc_name[i].old, bc_name[i].canonical);
+ }
+}
+
+char *gitenv_bc(const char *e)
+{
+ int first, last;
+ char *val = getenv(e);
+ if (val)
+ die("gitenv_bc called on existing %s; fix the caller.", e);
+
+ first = 0;
+ last = sizeof(bc_name) / sizeof(bc_name[0]);
+ while (last > first) {
+ int next = (last + first) >> 1;
+ int cmp = strcmp(e, bc_name[next].canonical);
+ if (!cmp) {
+ val = getenv(bc_name[next].old);
+ /* If the user has only old name, warn.
+ * otherwise stay silent.
+ */
+ if (val)
+ warn_old_environment(next);
+ return val;
+ }
+ if (cmp < 0) {
+ last = next;
+ continue;
+ }
+ first = next+1;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
diff --git a/init-db.c b/init-db.c
index 83f95e8..b6bb783 100644
--- a/init-db.c
+++ b/init-db.c
@@ -5,7 +5,7 @@
*/
#include "cache.h"
-void safe_create_dir(char *dir)
+void safe_create_dir(const char *dir)
{
if (mkdir(dir, 0755) < 0) {
if (errno != EEXIST) {
@@ -23,14 +23,16 @@ void safe_create_dir(char *dir)
*/
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
- char *sha1_dir, *path;
+ const char *sha1_dir;
+ char *path;
int len, i;
- safe_create_dir(".git");
-
- sha1_dir = getenv(DB_ENVIRONMENT);
- if (!sha1_dir) {
- sha1_dir = DEFAULT_DB_ENVIRONMENT;
+ sha1_dir = get_object_directory();
+ if (!gitenv(DB_ENVIRONMENT) && !gitenv(GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT)) {
+ /* We create leading paths only when we fall back
+ * to local .git/objects, at least for now.
+ */
+ safe_create_dir(DEFAULT_GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT);
fprintf(stderr, "defaulting to local storage area\n");
}
len = strlen(sha1_dir);
diff --git a/local-pull.c b/local-pull.c
index 1eec892..3a342ab 100644
--- a/local-pull.c
+++ b/local-pull.c
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <limits.h>
#include "cache.h"
#include "commit.h"
#include <errno.h>
@@ -70,8 +71,7 @@ int fetch(unsigned char *sha1)
munmap(map, st.st_size);
close(ofd);
if (status)
- fprintf(stderr, "cannot write %s (%ld bytes)\n",
- dest_filename, st.st_size);
+ fprintf(stderr, "cannot write %s\n", dest_filename);
else
pull_say("copy %s\n", hex);
return status;
diff --git a/read-cache.c b/read-cache.c
index a6fbf08..da2adf4 100644
--- a/read-cache.c
+++ b/read-cache.c
@@ -123,10 +123,112 @@ int same_name(struct cache_entry *a, struct cache_entry *b)
return ce_namelen(b) == len && !memcmp(a->name, b->name, len);
}
-int add_cache_entry(struct cache_entry *ce, int ok_to_add)
+/* We may be in a situation where we already have path/file and path
+ * is being added, or we already have path and path/file is being
+ * added. Either one would result in a nonsense tree that has path
+ * twice when git-write-tree tries to write it out. Prevent it.
+ *
+ * If ok-to-replace is specified, we remove the conflicting entries
+ * from the cache so the caller should recompute the insert position.
+ * When this happens, we return non-zero.
+ */
+static int check_file_directory_conflict(const struct cache_entry *ce,
+ int ok_to_replace)
{
- int pos;
+ int pos, replaced = 0;
+ const char *path = ce->name;
+ int namelen = strlen(path);
+ int stage = ce_stage(ce);
+ char *pathbuf = xmalloc(namelen + 1);
+ char *cp;
+
+ memcpy(pathbuf, path, namelen + 1);
+
+ /*
+ * We are inserting path/file. Do they have path registered at
+ * the same stage? We need to do this for all the levels of our
+ * subpath.
+ */
+ cp = pathbuf;
+ while (1) {
+ char *ep = strchr(cp, '/');
+ if (!ep)
+ break;
+ *ep = 0; /* first cut it at slash */
+ pos = cache_name_pos(pathbuf,
+ htons(create_ce_flags(ep-cp, stage)));
+ if (0 <= pos) {
+ /* Our leading path component is registered as a file,
+ * and we are trying to make it a directory. This is
+ * bad.
+ */
+ if (!ok_to_replace) {
+ free(pathbuf);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ fprintf(stderr, "removing file '%s' to replace it with a directory to create '%s'.\n", pathbuf, path);
+ remove_entry_at(pos);
+ replaced = 1;
+ }
+ *ep = '/'; /* then restore it and go downwards */
+ cp = ep + 1;
+ }
+ free(pathbuf);
+
+ /* Do we have an entry in the cache that makes our path a prefix
+ * of it? That is, are we creating a file where they already expect
+ * a directory there?
+ */
+ pos = cache_name_pos(path,
+ htons(create_ce_flags(namelen, stage)));
+
+ /* (0 <= pos) cannot happen because add_cache_entry()
+ * should have taken care of that case.
+ */
+ pos = -pos-1;
+ /* pos would point at an existing entry that would come immediately
+ * after our path. It could be the same as our path in higher stage,
+ * or different path but in a lower stage.
+ *
+ * E.g. when we are inserting path at stage 2,
+ *
+ * 1 path
+ * pos-> 3 path
+ * 2 path/file1
+ * 3 path/file1
+ * 2 path/file2
+ * 2 patho
+ *
+ * We need to examine pos, ignore it because it is at different
+ * stage, examine next to find the path/file at stage 2, and
+ * complain. We need to do this until we are not the leading
+ * path of an existing entry anymore.
+ */
+
+ while (pos < active_nr) {
+ struct cache_entry *other = active_cache[pos];
+ if (strncmp(other->name, path, namelen))
+ break; /* it is not our "subdirectory" anymore */
+ if ((ce_stage(other) == stage) &&
+ other->name[namelen] == '/') {
+ if (!ok_to_replace)
+ return -1;
+ fprintf(stderr, "removing file '%s' under '%s' to be replaced with a file\n", other->name, path);
+ remove_entry_at(pos);
+ replaced = 1;
+ continue; /* cycle without updating pos */
+ }
+ pos++;
+ }
+ return replaced;
+}
+
+int add_cache_entry(struct cache_entry *ce, int option)
+{
+ int pos;
+ int ok_to_add = option & ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_ADD;
+ int ok_to_replace = option & ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_REPLACE;
pos = cache_name_pos(ce->name, htons(ce->ce_flags));
/* existing match? Just replace it */
@@ -152,6 +254,13 @@ int add_cache_entry(struct cache_entry *ce, int ok_to_add)
if (!ok_to_add)
return -1;
+ if (check_file_directory_conflict(ce, ok_to_replace)) {
+ if (!ok_to_replace)
+ return -1;
+ pos = cache_name_pos(ce->name, htons(ce->ce_flags));
+ pos = -pos-1;
+ }
+
/* Make sure the array is big enough .. */
if (active_nr == active_alloc) {
active_alloc = alloc_nr(active_alloc);
diff --git a/rsh.c b/rsh.c
index 2a52e59..5d1cb9d 100644
--- a/rsh.c
+++ b/rsh.c
@@ -36,8 +36,8 @@ int setup_connection(int *fd_in, int *fd_out, char *remote_prog,
*(path++) = '\0';
/* ssh <host> 'cd /<path>; stdio-pull <arg...> <commit-id>' */
snprintf(command, COMMAND_SIZE,
- "cd /%s; SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY=objects %s",
- path, remote_prog);
+ "cd /%s; %s=objects %s",
+ path, DB_ENVIRONMENT, remote_prog);
posn = command + strlen(command);
for (i = 0; i < rmt_argc; i++) {
*(posn++) = ' ';
diff --git a/sha1_file.c b/sha1_file.c
index e21f4b3..942b673 100644
--- a/sha1_file.c
+++ b/sha1_file.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
* creation etc.
*/
#include <stdarg.h>
+#include <limits.h>
#include "cache.h"
#ifndef O_NOATIME
@@ -58,6 +59,38 @@ int get_sha1_file(const char *path, unsigned char *result)
return get_sha1_hex(buffer, result);
}
+static char *git_dir, *git_object_dir, *git_index_file;
+static void setup_git_env(void)
+{
+ git_dir = gitenv(GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT);
+ if (!git_dir)
+ git_dir = DEFAULT_GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT;
+ git_object_dir = gitenv(DB_ENVIRONMENT);
+ if (!git_object_dir) {
+ git_object_dir = xmalloc(strlen(git_dir) + 9);
+ sprintf(git_object_dir, "%s/objects", git_dir);
+ }
+ git_index_file = gitenv(INDEX_ENVIRONMENT);
+ if (!git_index_file) {
+ git_index_file = xmalloc(strlen(git_dir) + 7);
+ sprintf(git_index_file, "%s/index", git_dir);
+ }
+}
+
+char *get_object_directory(void)
+{
+ if (!git_object_dir)
+ setup_git_env();
+ return git_object_dir;
+}
+
+char *get_index_file(void)
+{
+ if (!git_index_file)
+ setup_git_env();
+ return git_index_file;
+}
+
int get_sha1(const char *str, unsigned char *sha1)
{
static char pathname[PATH_MAX];
@@ -69,15 +102,16 @@ int get_sha1(const char *str, unsigned char *sha1)
"refs/snap",
NULL
};
- const char *gitdir;
const char **p;
if (!get_sha1_hex(str, sha1))
return 0;
- gitdir = ".git";
+ if (!git_dir)
+ setup_git_env();
for (p = prefix; *p; p++) {
- snprintf(pathname, sizeof(pathname), "%s/%s/%s", gitdir, *p, str);
+ snprintf(pathname, sizeof(pathname), "%s/%s/%s",
+ git_dir, *p, str);
if (!get_sha1_file(pathname, sha1))
return 0;
}
@@ -100,18 +134,34 @@ char * sha1_to_hex(const unsigned char *sha1)
return buffer;
}
+static void fill_sha1_path(char *pathbuf, const unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+ int i;
+ for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
+ static char hex[] = "0123456789abcdef";
+ unsigned int val = sha1[i];
+ char *pos = pathbuf + i*2 + (i > 0);
+ *pos++ = hex[val >> 4];
+ *pos = hex[val & 0xf];
+ }
+}
+
/*
* NOTE! This returns a statically allocated buffer, so you have to be
* careful about using it. Do a "strdup()" if you need to save the
* filename.
+ *
+ * Also note that this returns the location for creating. Reading
+ * SHA1 file can happen from any alternate directory listed in the
+ * DB_ENVIRONMENT environment variable if it is not found in
+ * the primary object database.
*/
char *sha1_file_name(const unsigned char *sha1)
{
- int i;
static char *name, *base;
if (!base) {
- char *sha1_file_directory = getenv(DB_ENVIRONMENT) ? : DEFAULT_DB_ENVIRONMENT;
+ const char *sha1_file_directory = get_object_directory();
int len = strlen(sha1_file_directory);
base = xmalloc(len + 60);
memcpy(base, sha1_file_directory, len);
@@ -120,16 +170,94 @@ char *sha1_file_name(const unsigned char *sha1)
base[len+3] = '/';
name = base + len + 1;
}
- for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
- static char hex[] = "0123456789abcdef";
- unsigned int val = sha1[i];
- char *pos = name + i*2 + (i > 0);
- *pos++ = hex[val >> 4];
- *pos = hex[val & 0xf];
- }
+ fill_sha1_path(name, sha1);
return base;
}
+static struct alternate_object_database {
+ char *base;
+ char *name;
+} *alt_odb;
+
+/*
+ * Prepare alternate object database registry.
+ * alt_odb points at an array of struct alternate_object_database.
+ * This array is terminated with an element that has both its base
+ * and name set to NULL. alt_odb[n] comes from n'th non-empty
+ * element from colon separated ALTERNATE_DB_ENVIRONMENT environment
+ * variable, and its base points at a statically allocated buffer
+ * that contains "/the/directory/corresponding/to/.git/objects/...",
+ * while its name points just after the slash at the end of
+ * ".git/objects/" in the example above, and has enough space to hold
+ * 40-byte hex SHA1, an extra slash for the first level indirection,
+ * and the terminating NUL.
+ * This function allocates the alt_odb array and all the strings
+ * pointed by base fields of the array elements with one xmalloc();
+ * the string pool immediately follows the array.
+ */
+static void prepare_alt_odb(void)
+{
+ int pass, totlen, i;
+ const char *cp, *last;
+ char *op = 0;
+ const char *alt = gitenv(ALTERNATE_DB_ENVIRONMENT) ? : "";
+
+ /* The first pass counts how large an area to allocate to
+ * hold the entire alt_odb structure, including array of
+ * structs and path buffers for them. The second pass fills
+ * the structure and prepares the path buffers for use by
+ * fill_sha1_path().
+ */
+ for (totlen = pass = 0; pass < 2; pass++) {
+ last = alt;
+ i = 0;
+ do {
+ cp = strchr(last, ':') ? : last + strlen(last);
+ if (last != cp) {
+ /* 43 = 40-byte + 2 '/' + terminating NUL */
+ int pfxlen = cp - last;
+ int entlen = pfxlen + 43;
+ if (pass == 0)
+ totlen += entlen;
+ else {
+ alt_odb[i].base = op;
+ alt_odb[i].name = op + pfxlen + 1;
+ memcpy(op, last, pfxlen);
+ op[pfxlen] = op[pfxlen + 3] = '/';
+ op[entlen-1] = 0;
+ op += entlen;
+ }
+ i++;
+ }
+ while (*cp && *cp == ':')
+ cp++;
+ last = cp;
+ } while (*cp);
+ if (pass)
+ break;
+ alt_odb = xmalloc(sizeof(*alt_odb) * (i + 1) + totlen);
+ alt_odb[i].base = alt_odb[i].name = 0;
+ op = (char*)(&alt_odb[i+1]);
+ }
+}
+
+static char *find_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1, struct stat *st)
+{
+ int i;
+ char *name = sha1_file_name(sha1);
+
+ if (!stat(name, st))
+ return name;
+ if (!alt_odb)
+ prepare_alt_odb();
+ for (i = 0; (name = alt_odb[i].name) != NULL; i++) {
+ fill_sha1_path(name, sha1);
+ if (!stat(alt_odb[i].base, st))
+ return alt_odb[i].base;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
int check_sha1_signature(unsigned char *sha1, void *map, unsigned long size, const char *type)
{
char header[100];
@@ -145,10 +273,15 @@ int check_sha1_signature(unsigned char *sha1, void *map, unsigned long size, con
void *map_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1, unsigned long *size)
{
- char *filename = sha1_file_name(sha1);
struct stat st;
void *map;
int fd;
+ char *filename = find_sha1_file(sha1, &st);
+
+ if (!filename) {
+ error("cannot map sha1 file %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
+ return NULL;
+ }
fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | sha1_file_open_flag);
if (fd < 0) {
@@ -167,10 +300,6 @@ void *map_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1, unsigned long *size)
/* If it failed once, it will probably fail again. Stop using O_NOATIME */
sha1_file_open_flag = 0;
}
- if (fstat(fd, &st) < 0) {
- close(fd);
- return NULL;
- }
map = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
close(fd);
if (-1 == (int)(long)map)
@@ -315,6 +444,7 @@ int write_sha1_file(char *buf, unsigned long len, const char *type, unsigned cha
}
snprintf(tmpfile, sizeof(tmpfile), "%s/obj_XXXXXX", get_object_directory());
+
fd = mkstemp(tmpfile);
if (fd < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "unable to create temporary sha1 filename %s: %s", tmpfile, strerror(errno));
@@ -349,6 +479,7 @@ int write_sha1_file(char *buf, unsigned long len, const char *type, unsigned cha
die("unable to write file");
fchmod(fd, 0444);
close(fd);
+ free(compressed);
ret = link(tmpfile, filename);
if (ret < 0) {
@@ -442,12 +573,8 @@ int write_sha1_from_fd(const unsigned char *sha1, int fd)
int has_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1)
{
- char *filename = sha1_file_name(sha1);
struct stat st;
-
- if (!stat(filename, &st))
- return 1;
- return 0;
+ return !!find_sha1_file(sha1, &st);
}
int index_fd(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, struct stat *st)
diff --git a/tree.c b/tree.c
index d9777bf..a978c53 100644
--- a/tree.c
+++ b/tree.c
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@ static int read_one_entry(unsigned char *sha1, const char *base, int baselen, co
memcpy(ce->name, base, baselen);
memcpy(ce->name + baselen, pathname, len+1);
memcpy(ce->sha1, sha1, 20);
- return add_cache_entry(ce, 1);
+ return add_cache_entry(ce, ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_ADD);
}
static int read_tree_recursive(void *buffer, unsigned long size,
diff --git a/update-cache.c b/update-cache.c
index 735d199..2f5d620 100644
--- a/update-cache.c
+++ b/update-cache.c
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
* like "update-cache *" and suddenly having all the object
* files be revision controlled.
*/
-static int allow_add = 0, allow_remove = 0, not_new = 0;
+static int allow_add = 0, allow_remove = 0, allow_replace = 0, not_new = 0;
/* Three functions to allow overloaded pointer return; see linux/err.h */
static inline void *ERR_PTR(long error)
@@ -53,14 +53,23 @@ static void fill_stat_cache_info(struct cache_entry *ce, struct stat *st)
static int add_file_to_cache(char *path)
{
- int size, namelen;
+ int size, namelen, option, status;
struct cache_entry *ce;
struct stat st;
int fd;
char *target;
- if (lstat(path, &st) < 0) {
- if (errno == ENOENT || errno == ENOTDIR) {
+ status = lstat(path, &st);
+ if (status < 0 || S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
+ /* When we used to have "path" and now we want to add
+ * "path/file", we need a way to remove "path" before
+ * being able to add "path/file". However,
+ * "git-update-cache --remove path" would not work.
+ * --force-remove can be used but this is more user
+ * friendly, especially since we can do the opposite
+ * case just fine without --force-remove.
+ */
+ if (status == 0 || (errno == ENOENT || errno == ENOTDIR)) {
if (allow_remove)
return remove_file_from_cache(path);
}
@@ -95,7 +104,9 @@ static int add_file_to_cache(char *path)
default:
return -1;
}
- return add_cache_entry(ce, allow_add);
+ option = allow_add ? ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_ADD : 0;
+ option |= allow_replace ? ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_REPLACE : 0;
+ return add_cache_entry(ce, option);
}
static int match_data(int fd, void *buffer, unsigned long size)
@@ -273,7 +284,7 @@ inside:
static int add_cacheinfo(char *arg1, char *arg2, char *arg3)
{
- int size, len;
+ int size, len, option;
unsigned int mode;
unsigned char sha1[20];
struct cache_entry *ce;
@@ -294,7 +305,9 @@ static int add_cacheinfo(char *arg1, char *arg2, char *arg3)
memcpy(ce->name, arg3, len);
ce->ce_flags = htons(len);
ce->ce_mode = create_ce_mode(mode);
- return add_cache_entry(ce, allow_add);
+ option = allow_add ? ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_ADD : 0;
+ option |= allow_replace ? ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_REPLACE : 0;
+ return add_cache_entry(ce, option);
}
static const char *lockfile_name = NULL;
@@ -343,6 +356,10 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
allow_add = 1;
continue;
}
+ if (!strcmp(path, "--replace")) {
+ allow_replace = 1;
+ continue;
+ }
if (!strcmp(path, "--remove")) {
allow_remove = 1;
continue;
@@ -352,8 +369,10 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
continue;
}
if (!strcmp(path, "--cacheinfo")) {
- if (i+3 >= argc || add_cacheinfo(argv[i+1], argv[i+2], argv[i+3]))
+ if (i+3 >= argc)
die("update-cache: --cacheinfo <mode> <sha1> <path>");
+ if (add_cacheinfo(argv[i+1], argv[i+2], argv[i+3]))
+ die("update-cache: --cacheinfo cannot add %s", argv[i+3]);
i += 3;
continue;
}
diff --git a/write-tree.c b/write-tree.c
index d801d7f..e3c0a02 100644
--- a/write-tree.c
+++ b/write-tree.c
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ static int write_tree(struct cache_entry **cachep, int maxentries, const char *b
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
- int i, unmerged;
+ int i, funny;
int entries = read_cache();
unsigned char sha1[20];
@@ -92,18 +92,45 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
die("write-tree: error reading cache");
/* Verify that the tree is merged */
- unmerged = 0;
+ funny = 0;
for (i = 0; i < entries; i++) {
struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[i];
if (ntohs(ce->ce_flags) & ~CE_NAMEMASK) {
- if (++unmerged > 10) {
+ if (10 < ++funny) {
fprintf(stderr, "...\n");
break;
}
fprintf(stderr, "%s: unmerged (%s)\n", ce->name, sha1_to_hex(ce->sha1));
}
}
- if (unmerged)
+ if (funny)
+ die("write-tree: not able to write tree");
+
+ /* Also verify that the cache does not have path and path/file
+ * at the same time. At this point we know the cache has only
+ * stage 0 entries.
+ */
+ funny = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < entries - 1; i++) {
+ /* path/file always comes after path because of the way
+ * the cache is sorted. Also path can appear only once,
+ * which means conflicting one would immediately follow.
+ */
+ const char *this_name = active_cache[i]->name;
+ const char *next_name = active_cache[i+1]->name;
+ int this_len = strlen(this_name);
+ if (this_len < strlen(next_name) &&
+ strncmp(this_name, next_name, this_len) == 0 &&
+ next_name[this_len] == '/') {
+ if (10 < ++funny) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "...\n");
+ break;
+ }
+ fprintf(stderr, "You have both %s and %s\n",
+ this_name, next_name);
+ }
+ }
+ if (funny)
die("write-tree: not able to write tree");
/* Ok, write it out */