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-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt351
-rw-r--r--strbuf.h470
2 files changed, 387 insertions, 434 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index cca6543..0000000
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,351 +0,0 @@
-strbuf API
-==========
-
-strbuf's are meant to be used with all the usual C string and memory
-APIs. Given that the length of the buffer is known, it's often better to
-use the mem* functions than a str* one (memchr vs. strchr e.g.).
-Though, one has to be careful about the fact that str* functions often
-stop on NULs and that strbufs may have embedded NULs.
-
-A strbuf is NUL terminated for convenience, but no function in the
-strbuf API actually relies on the string being free of NULs.
-
-strbufs have some invariants that are very important to keep in mind:
-
-. The `buf` member is never NULL, so it can be used in any usual C
-string operations safely. strbuf's _have_ to be initialized either by
-`strbuf_init()` or by `= STRBUF_INIT` before the invariants, though.
-+
-Do *not* assume anything on what `buf` really is (e.g. if it is
-allocated memory or not), use `strbuf_detach()` to unwrap a memory
-buffer from its strbuf shell in a safe way. That is the sole supported
-way. This will give you a malloced buffer that you can later `free()`.
-+
-However, it is totally safe to modify anything in the string pointed by
-the `buf` member, between the indices `0` and `len-1` (inclusive).
-
-. The `buf` member is a byte array that has at least `len + 1` bytes
- allocated. The extra byte is used to store a `'\0'`, allowing the
- `buf` member to be a valid C-string. Every strbuf function ensure this
- invariant is preserved.
-+
-NOTE: It is OK to "play" with the buffer directly if you work it this
- way:
-+
-----
-strbuf_grow(sb, SOME_SIZE); <1>
-strbuf_setlen(sb, sb->len + SOME_OTHER_SIZE);
-----
-<1> Here, the memory array starting at `sb->buf`, and of length
-`strbuf_avail(sb)` is all yours, and you can be sure that
-`strbuf_avail(sb)` is at least `SOME_SIZE`.
-+
-NOTE: `SOME_OTHER_SIZE` must be smaller or equal to `strbuf_avail(sb)`.
-+
-Doing so is safe, though if it has to be done in many places, adding the
-missing API to the strbuf module is the way to go.
-+
-WARNING: Do _not_ assume that the area that is yours is of size `alloc
-- 1` even if it's true in the current implementation. Alloc is somehow a
-"private" member that should not be messed with. Use `strbuf_avail()`
-instead.
-
-Data structures
----------------
-
-* `struct strbuf`
-
-This is the string buffer structure. The `len` member can be used to
-determine the current length of the string, and `buf` member provides
-access to the string itself.
-
-Functions
----------
-
-* Life cycle
-
-`strbuf_init`::
-
- Initialize the structure. The second parameter can be zero or a bigger
- number to allocate memory, in case you want to prevent further reallocs.
-
-`strbuf_release`::
-
- Release a string buffer and the memory it used. You should not use the
- string buffer after using this function, unless you initialize it again.
-
-`strbuf_detach`::
-
- Detach the string from the strbuf and returns it; you now own the
- storage the string occupies and it is your responsibility from then on
- to release it with `free(3)` when you are done with it.
-
-`strbuf_attach`::
-
- Attach a string to a buffer. You should specify the string to attach,
- the current length of the string and the amount of allocated memory.
- The amount must be larger than the string length, because the string you
- pass is supposed to be a NUL-terminated string. This string _must_ be
- malloc()ed, and after attaching, the pointer cannot be relied upon
- anymore, and neither be free()d directly.
-
-`strbuf_swap`::
-
- Swap the contents of two string buffers.
-
-* Related to the size of the buffer
-
-`strbuf_avail`::
-
- Determine the amount of allocated but unused memory.
-
-`strbuf_grow`::
-
- Ensure that at least this amount of unused memory is available after
- `len`. This is used when you know a typical size for what you will add
- and want to avoid repetitive automatic resizing of the underlying buffer.
- This is never a needed operation, but can be critical for performance in
- some cases.
-
-`strbuf_setlen`::
-
- Set the length of the buffer to a given value. This function does *not*
- allocate new memory, so you should not perform a `strbuf_setlen()` to a
- length that is larger than `len + strbuf_avail()`. `strbuf_setlen()` is
- just meant as a 'please fix invariants from this strbuf I just messed
- with'.
-
-`strbuf_reset`::
-
- Empty the buffer by setting the size of it to zero.
-
-* Related to the contents of the buffer
-
-`strbuf_trim`::
-
- Strip whitespace from the beginning and end of a string.
- Equivalent to performing `strbuf_rtrim()` followed by `strbuf_ltrim()`.
-
-`strbuf_rtrim`::
-
- Strip whitespace from the end of a string.
-
-`strbuf_ltrim`::
-
- Strip whitespace from the beginning of a string.
-
-`strbuf_reencode`::
-
- Replace the contents of the strbuf with a reencoded form. Returns -1
- on error, 0 on success.
-
-`strbuf_tolower`::
-
- Lowercase each character in the buffer using `tolower`.
-
-`strbuf_cmp`::
-
- Compare two buffers. Returns an integer less than, equal to, or greater
- than zero if the first buffer is found, respectively, to be less than,
- to match, or be greater than the second buffer.
-
-* Adding data to the buffer
-
-NOTE: All of the functions in this section will grow the buffer as necessary.
-If they fail for some reason other than memory shortage and the buffer hadn't
-been allocated before (i.e. the `struct strbuf` was set to `STRBUF_INIT`),
-then they will free() it.
-
-`strbuf_addch`::
-
- Add a single character to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_addchars`::
-
- Add a character the specified number of times to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_insert`::
-
- Insert data to the given position of the buffer. The remaining contents
- will be shifted, not overwritten.
-
-`strbuf_remove`::
-
- Remove given amount of data from a given position of the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_splice`::
-
- Remove the bytes between `pos..pos+len` and replace it with the given
- data.
-
-`strbuf_add_commented_lines`::
-
- Add a NUL-terminated string to the buffer. Each line will be prepended
- by a comment character and a blank.
-
-`strbuf_add`::
-
- Add data of given length to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_addstr`::
-
-Add a NUL-terminated string to the buffer.
-+
-NOTE: This function will *always* be implemented as an inline or a macro
-that expands to:
-+
-----
-strbuf_add(..., s, strlen(s));
-----
-+
-Meaning that this is efficient to write things like:
-+
-----
-strbuf_addstr(sb, "immediate string");
-----
-
-`strbuf_addbuf`::
-
- Copy the contents of another buffer at the end of the current one.
-
-`strbuf_adddup`::
-
- Copy part of the buffer from a given position till a given length to the
- end of the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_expand`::
-
- This function can be used to expand a format string containing
- placeholders. To that end, it parses the string and calls the specified
- function for every percent sign found.
-+
-The callback function is given a pointer to the character after the `%`
-and a pointer to the struct strbuf. It is expected to add the expanded
-version of the placeholder to the strbuf, e.g. to add a newline
-character if the letter `n` appears after a `%`. The function returns
-the length of the placeholder recognized and `strbuf_expand()` skips
-over it.
-+
-The format `%%` is automatically expanded to a single `%` as a quoting
-mechanism; callers do not need to handle the `%` placeholder themselves,
-and the callback function will not be invoked for this placeholder.
-+
-All other characters (non-percent and not skipped ones) are copied
-verbatim to the strbuf. If the callback returned zero, meaning that the
-placeholder is unknown, then the percent sign is copied, too.
-+
-In order to facilitate caching and to make it possible to give
-parameters to the callback, `strbuf_expand()` passes a context pointer,
-which can be used by the programmer of the callback as she sees fit.
-
-`strbuf_expand_dict_cb`::
-
- Used as callback for `strbuf_expand()`, expects an array of
- struct strbuf_expand_dict_entry as context, i.e. pairs of
- placeholder and replacement string. The array needs to be
- terminated by an entry with placeholder set to NULL.
-
-`strbuf_addbuf_percentquote`::
-
- Append the contents of one strbuf to another, quoting any
- percent signs ("%") into double-percents ("%%") in the
- destination. This is useful for literal data to be fed to either
- strbuf_expand or to the *printf family of functions.
-
-`strbuf_humanise_bytes`::
-
- Append the given byte size as a human-readable string (i.e. 12.23 KiB,
- 3.50 MiB).
-
-`strbuf_addf`::
-
- Add a formatted string to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_commented_addf`::
-
- Add a formatted string prepended by a comment character and a
- blank to the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_fread`::
-
- Read a given size of data from a FILE* pointer to the buffer.
-+
-NOTE: The buffer is rewound if the read fails. If -1 is returned,
-`errno` must be consulted, like you would do for `read(3)`.
-`strbuf_read()`, `strbuf_read_file()` and `strbuf_getline()` has the
-same behaviour as well.
-
-`strbuf_read`::
-
- Read the contents of a given file descriptor. The third argument can be
- used to give a hint about the file size, to avoid reallocs.
-
-`strbuf_read_file`::
-
- Read the contents of a file, specified by its path. The third argument
- can be used to give a hint about the file size, to avoid reallocs.
-
-`strbuf_readlink`::
-
- Read the target of a symbolic link, specified by its path. The third
- argument can be used to give a hint about the size, to avoid reallocs.
-
-`strbuf_getline`::
-
- Read a line from a FILE *, overwriting the existing contents
- of the strbuf. The second argument specifies the line
- terminator character, typically `'\n'`.
- Reading stops after the terminator or at EOF. The terminator
- is removed from the buffer before returning. Returns 0 unless
- there was nothing left before EOF, in which case it returns `EOF`.
-
-`strbuf_getwholeline`::
-
- Like `strbuf_getline`, but keeps the trailing terminator (if
- any) in the buffer.
-
-`strbuf_getwholeline_fd`::
-
- Like `strbuf_getwholeline`, but operates on a file descriptor.
- It reads one character at a time, so it is very slow. Do not
- use it unless you need the correct position in the file
- descriptor.
-
-`strbuf_getcwd`::
-
- Set the buffer to the path of the current working directory.
-
-`strbuf_add_absolute_path`
-
- Add a path to a buffer, converting a relative path to an
- absolute one in the process. Symbolic links are not
- resolved.
-
-`stripspace`::
-
- Strip whitespace from a buffer. The second parameter controls if
- comments are considered contents to be removed or not.
-
-`strbuf_split_buf`::
-`strbuf_split_str`::
-`strbuf_split_max`::
-`strbuf_split`::
-
- Split a string or strbuf into a list of strbufs at a specified
- terminator character. The returned substrings include the
- terminator characters. Some of these functions take a `max`
- parameter, which, if positive, limits the output to that
- number of substrings.
-
-`strbuf_list_free`::
-
- Free a list of strbufs (for example, the return values of the
- `strbuf_split()` functions).
-
-`launch_editor`::
-
- Launch the user preferred editor to edit a file and fill the buffer
- with the file's contents upon the user completing their editing. The
- third argument can be used to set the environment which the editor is
- run in. If the buffer is NULL the editor is launched as usual but the
- file's contents are not read into the buffer upon completion.
diff --git a/strbuf.h b/strbuf.h
index 652b6c4..1883494 100644
--- a/strbuf.h
+++ b/strbuf.h
@@ -1,22 +1,112 @@
#ifndef STRBUF_H
#define STRBUF_H
-/* See Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt */
+/**
+ * strbuf's are meant to be used with all the usual C string and memory
+ * APIs. Given that the length of the buffer is known, it's often better to
+ * use the mem* functions than a str* one (memchr vs. strchr e.g.).
+ * Though, one has to be careful about the fact that str* functions often
+ * stop on NULs and that strbufs may have embedded NULs.
+ *
+ * A strbuf is NUL terminated for convenience, but no function in the
+ * strbuf API actually relies on the string being free of NULs.
+ *
+ * strbufs have some invariants that are very important to keep in mind:
+ *
+ * - The `buf` member is never NULL, so it can be used in any usual C
+ * string operations safely. strbuf's _have_ to be initialized either by
+ * `strbuf_init()` or by `= STRBUF_INIT` before the invariants, though.
+ *
+ * Do *not* assume anything on what `buf` really is (e.g. if it is
+ * allocated memory or not), use `strbuf_detach()` to unwrap a memory
+ * buffer from its strbuf shell in a safe way. That is the sole supported
+ * way. This will give you a malloced buffer that you can later `free()`.
+ *
+ * However, it is totally safe to modify anything in the string pointed by
+ * the `buf` member, between the indices `0` and `len-1` (inclusive).
+ *
+ * - The `buf` member is a byte array that has at least `len + 1` bytes
+ * allocated. The extra byte is used to store a `'\0'`, allowing the
+ * `buf` member to be a valid C-string. Every strbuf function ensure this
+ * invariant is preserved.
+ *
+ * NOTE: It is OK to "play" with the buffer directly if you work it this
+ * way:
+ *
+ * strbuf_grow(sb, SOME_SIZE); <1>
+ * strbuf_setlen(sb, sb->len + SOME_OTHER_SIZE);
+ *
+ * <1> Here, the memory array starting at `sb->buf`, and of length
+ * `strbuf_avail(sb)` is all yours, and you can be sure that
+ * `strbuf_avail(sb)` is at least `SOME_SIZE`.
+ *
+ * NOTE: `SOME_OTHER_SIZE` must be smaller or equal to `strbuf_avail(sb)`.
+ *
+ * Doing so is safe, though if it has to be done in many places, adding the
+ * missing API to the strbuf module is the way to go.
+ *
+ * WARNING: Do _not_ assume that the area that is yours is of size `alloc
+ * - 1` even if it's true in the current implementation. Alloc is somehow a
+ * "private" member that should not be messed with. Use `strbuf_avail()`
+ * instead.
+*/
+
+/**
+ * Data Structures
+ * ---------------
+ */
-extern char strbuf_slopbuf[];
+/**
+ * This is the string buffer structure. The `len` member can be used to
+ * determine the current length of the string, and `buf` member provides
+ * access to the string itself.
+ */
struct strbuf {
size_t alloc;
size_t len;
char *buf;
};
+extern char strbuf_slopbuf[];
#define STRBUF_INIT { 0, 0, strbuf_slopbuf }
-/*----- strbuf life cycle -----*/
+/**
+ * Life Cycle Functions
+ * --------------------
+ */
+
+/**
+ * Initialize the structure. The second parameter can be zero or a bigger
+ * number to allocate memory, in case you want to prevent further reallocs.
+ */
extern void strbuf_init(struct strbuf *, size_t);
+
+/**
+ * Release a string buffer and the memory it used. You should not use the
+ * string buffer after using this function, unless you initialize it again.
+ */
extern void strbuf_release(struct strbuf *);
+
+/**
+ * Detach the string from the strbuf and returns it; you now own the
+ * storage the string occupies and it is your responsibility from then on
+ * to release it with `free(3)` when you are done with it.
+ */
extern char *strbuf_detach(struct strbuf *, size_t *);
+
+/**
+ * Attach a string to a buffer. You should specify the string to attach,
+ * the current length of the string and the amount of allocated memory.
+ * The amount must be larger than the string length, because the string you
+ * pass is supposed to be a NUL-terminated string. This string _must_ be
+ * malloc()ed, and after attaching, the pointer cannot be relied upon
+ * anymore, and neither be free()d directly.
+ */
extern void strbuf_attach(struct strbuf *, void *, size_t, size_t);
+
+/**
+ * Swap the contents of two string buffers.
+ */
static inline void strbuf_swap(struct strbuf *a, struct strbuf *b)
{
struct strbuf tmp = *a;
@@ -24,14 +114,36 @@ static inline void strbuf_swap(struct strbuf *a, struct strbuf *b)
*b = tmp;
}
-/*----- strbuf size related -----*/
+
+/**
+ * Functions related to the size of the buffer
+ * -------------------------------------------
+ */
+
+/**
+ * Determine the amount of allocated but unused memory.
+ */
static inline size_t strbuf_avail(const struct strbuf *sb)
{
return sb->alloc ? sb->alloc - sb->len - 1 : 0;
}
+/**
+ * Ensure that at least this amount of unused memory is available after
+ * `len`. This is used when you know a typical size for what you will add
+ * and want to avoid repetitive automatic resizing of the underlying buffer.
+ * This is never a needed operation, but can be critical for performance in
+ * some cases.
+ */
extern void strbuf_grow(struct strbuf *, size_t);
+/**
+ * Set the length of the buffer to a given value. This function does *not*
+ * allocate new memory, so you should not perform a `strbuf_setlen()` to a
+ * length that is larger than `len + strbuf_avail()`. `strbuf_setlen()` is
+ * just meant as a 'please fix invariants from this strbuf I just messed
+ * with'.
+ */
static inline void strbuf_setlen(struct strbuf *sb, size_t len)
{
if (len > (sb->alloc ? sb->alloc - 1 : 0))
@@ -39,78 +151,58 @@ static inline void strbuf_setlen(struct strbuf *sb, size_t len)
sb->len = len;
sb->buf[len] = '\0';
}
+
+/**
+ * Empty the buffer by setting the size of it to zero.
+ */
#define strbuf_reset(sb) strbuf_setlen(sb, 0)
-/*----- content related -----*/
+
+/**
+ * Functions related to the contents of the buffer
+ * -----------------------------------------------
+ */
+
+/**
+ * Strip whitespace from the beginning (`ltrim`), end (`rtrim`), or both side
+ * (`trim`) of a string.
+ */
extern void strbuf_trim(struct strbuf *);
extern void strbuf_rtrim(struct strbuf *);
extern void strbuf_ltrim(struct strbuf *);
-extern int strbuf_reencode(struct strbuf *sb, const char *from, const char *to);
-extern void strbuf_tolower(struct strbuf *sb);
-extern int strbuf_cmp(const struct strbuf *, const struct strbuf *);
-static inline int strbuf_strip_suffix(struct strbuf *sb, const char *suffix)
-{
- if (strip_suffix_mem(sb->buf, &sb->len, suffix)) {
- strbuf_setlen(sb, sb->len);
- return 1;
- } else
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * Split str (of length slen) at the specified terminator character.
- * Return a null-terminated array of pointers to strbuf objects
- * holding the substrings. The substrings include the terminator,
- * except for the last substring, which might be unterminated if the
- * original string did not end with a terminator. If max is positive,
- * then split the string into at most max substrings (with the last
- * substring containing everything following the (max-1)th terminator
- * character).
- *
- * For lighter-weight alternatives, see string_list_split() and
- * string_list_split_in_place().
+/**
+ * Replace the contents of the strbuf with a reencoded form. Returns -1
+ * on error, 0 on success.
*/
-extern struct strbuf **strbuf_split_buf(const char *, size_t,
- int terminator, int max);
+extern int strbuf_reencode(struct strbuf *sb, const char *from, const char *to);
-/*
- * Split a NUL-terminated string at the specified terminator
- * character. See strbuf_split_buf() for more information.
+/**
+ * Lowercase each character in the buffer using `tolower`.
*/
-static inline struct strbuf **strbuf_split_str(const char *str,
- int terminator, int max)
-{
- return strbuf_split_buf(str, strlen(str), terminator, max);
-}
+extern void strbuf_tolower(struct strbuf *sb);
-/*
- * Split a strbuf at the specified terminator character. See
- * strbuf_split_buf() for more information.
+/**
+ * Compare two buffers. Returns an integer less than, equal to, or greater
+ * than zero if the first buffer is found, respectively, to be less than,
+ * to match, or be greater than the second buffer.
*/
-static inline struct strbuf **strbuf_split_max(const struct strbuf *sb,
- int terminator, int max)
-{
- return strbuf_split_buf(sb->buf, sb->len, terminator, max);
-}
+extern int strbuf_cmp(const struct strbuf *, const struct strbuf *);
-/*
- * Split a strbuf at the specified terminator character. See
- * strbuf_split_buf() for more information.
- */
-static inline struct strbuf **strbuf_split(const struct strbuf *sb,
- int terminator)
-{
- return strbuf_split_max(sb, terminator, 0);
-}
-/*
- * Free a NULL-terminated list of strbufs (for example, the return
- * values of the strbuf_split*() functions).
+/**
+ * Adding data to the buffer
+ * -------------------------
+ *
+ * NOTE: All of the functions in this section will grow the buffer as
+ * necessary. If they fail for some reason other than memory shortage and the
+ * buffer hadn't been allocated before (i.e. the `struct strbuf` was set to
+ * `STRBUF_INIT`), then they will free() it.
*/
-extern void strbuf_list_free(struct strbuf **);
-/*----- add data in your buffer -----*/
+/**
+ * Add a single character to the buffer.
+ */
static inline void strbuf_addch(struct strbuf *sb, int c)
{
strbuf_grow(sb, 1);
@@ -118,47 +210,276 @@ static inline void strbuf_addch(struct strbuf *sb, int c)
sb->buf[sb->len] = '\0';
}
+/**
+ * Add a character the specified number of times to the buffer.
+ */
+extern void strbuf_addchars(struct strbuf *sb, int c, size_t n);
+
+/**
+ * Insert data to the given position of the buffer. The remaining contents
+ * will be shifted, not overwritten.
+ */
extern void strbuf_insert(struct strbuf *, size_t pos, const void *, size_t);
+
+/**
+ * Remove given amount of data from a given position of the buffer.
+ */
extern void strbuf_remove(struct strbuf *, size_t pos, size_t len);
-/* splice pos..pos+len with given data */
+/**
+ * Remove the bytes between `pos..pos+len` and replace it with the given
+ * data.
+ */
extern void strbuf_splice(struct strbuf *, size_t pos, size_t len,
- const void *, size_t);
+ const void *, size_t);
+/**
+ * Add a NUL-terminated string to the buffer. Each line will be prepended
+ * by a comment character and a blank.
+ */
extern void strbuf_add_commented_lines(struct strbuf *out, const char *buf, size_t size);
+
+/**
+ * Add data of given length to the buffer.
+ */
extern void strbuf_add(struct strbuf *, const void *, size_t);
+
+/**
+ * Add a NUL-terminated string to the buffer.
+ *
+ * NOTE: This function will *always* be implemented as an inline or a macro
+ * using strlen, meaning that this is efficient to write things like:
+ *
+ * strbuf_addstr(sb, "immediate string");
+ *
+ */
static inline void strbuf_addstr(struct strbuf *sb, const char *s)
{
strbuf_add(sb, s, strlen(s));
}
+
+/**
+ * Copy the contents of another buffer at the end of the current one.
+ */
static inline void strbuf_addbuf(struct strbuf *sb, const struct strbuf *sb2)
{
strbuf_grow(sb, sb2->len);
strbuf_add(sb, sb2->buf, sb2->len);
}
+
+/**
+ * Copy part of the buffer from a given position till a given length to the
+ * end of the buffer.
+ */
extern void strbuf_adddup(struct strbuf *sb, size_t pos, size_t len);
-extern void strbuf_addchars(struct strbuf *sb, int c, size_t n);
+/**
+ * This function can be used to expand a format string containing
+ * placeholders. To that end, it parses the string and calls the specified
+ * function for every percent sign found.
+ *
+ * The callback function is given a pointer to the character after the `%`
+ * and a pointer to the struct strbuf. It is expected to add the expanded
+ * version of the placeholder to the strbuf, e.g. to add a newline
+ * character if the letter `n` appears after a `%`. The function returns
+ * the length of the placeholder recognized and `strbuf_expand()` skips
+ * over it.
+ *
+ * The format `%%` is automatically expanded to a single `%` as a quoting
+ * mechanism; callers do not need to handle the `%` placeholder themselves,
+ * and the callback function will not be invoked for this placeholder.
+ *
+ * All other characters (non-percent and not skipped ones) are copied
+ * verbatim to the strbuf. If the callback returned zero, meaning that the
+ * placeholder is unknown, then the percent sign is copied, too.
+ *
+ * In order to facilitate caching and to make it possible to give
+ * parameters to the callback, `strbuf_expand()` passes a context pointer,
+ * which can be used by the programmer of the callback as she sees fit.
+ */
typedef size_t (*expand_fn_t) (struct strbuf *sb, const char *placeholder, void *context);
extern void strbuf_expand(struct strbuf *sb, const char *format, expand_fn_t fn, void *context);
+
+/**
+ * Used as callback for `strbuf_expand()`, expects an array of
+ * struct strbuf_expand_dict_entry as context, i.e. pairs of
+ * placeholder and replacement string. The array needs to be
+ * terminated by an entry with placeholder set to NULL.
+ */
struct strbuf_expand_dict_entry {
const char *placeholder;
const char *value;
};
extern size_t strbuf_expand_dict_cb(struct strbuf *sb, const char *placeholder, void *context);
+
+/**
+ * Append the contents of one strbuf to another, quoting any
+ * percent signs ("%") into double-percents ("%%") in the
+ * destination. This is useful for literal data to be fed to either
+ * strbuf_expand or to the *printf family of functions.
+ */
extern void strbuf_addbuf_percentquote(struct strbuf *dst, const struct strbuf *src);
+/**
+ * Append the given byte size as a human-readable string (i.e. 12.23 KiB,
+ * 3.50 MiB).
+ */
+extern void strbuf_humanise_bytes(struct strbuf *buf, off_t bytes);
+
+/**
+ * Add a formatted string to the buffer.
+ */
__attribute__((format (printf,2,3)))
extern void strbuf_addf(struct strbuf *sb, const char *fmt, ...);
+
+/**
+ * Add a formatted string prepended by a comment character and a
+ * blank to the buffer.
+ */
__attribute__((format (printf, 2, 3)))
extern void strbuf_commented_addf(struct strbuf *sb, const char *fmt, ...);
+
__attribute__((format (printf,2,0)))
extern void strbuf_vaddf(struct strbuf *sb, const char *fmt, va_list ap);
+/**
+ * Read a given size of data from a FILE* pointer to the buffer.
+ *
+ * NOTE: The buffer is rewound if the read fails. If -1 is returned,
+ * `errno` must be consulted, like you would do for `read(3)`.
+ * `strbuf_read()`, `strbuf_read_file()` and `strbuf_getline()` has the
+ * same behaviour as well.
+ */
+extern size_t strbuf_fread(struct strbuf *, size_t, FILE *);
+
+/**
+ * Read the contents of a given file descriptor. The third argument can be
+ * used to give a hint about the file size, to avoid reallocs. If read fails,
+ * any partial read is undone.
+ */
+extern ssize_t strbuf_read(struct strbuf *, int fd, size_t hint);
+
+/**
+ * Read the contents of a file, specified by its path. The third argument
+ * can be used to give a hint about the file size, to avoid reallocs.
+ */
+extern int strbuf_read_file(struct strbuf *sb, const char *path, size_t hint);
+
+/**
+ * Read the target of a symbolic link, specified by its path. The third
+ * argument can be used to give a hint about the size, to avoid reallocs.
+ */
+extern int strbuf_readlink(struct strbuf *sb, const char *path, size_t hint);
+
+/**
+ * Read a line from a FILE *, overwriting the existing contents
+ * of the strbuf. The second argument specifies the line
+ * terminator character, typically `'\n'`.
+ * Reading stops after the terminator or at EOF. The terminator
+ * is removed from the buffer before returning. Returns 0 unless
+ * there was nothing left before EOF, in which case it returns `EOF`.
+ */
+extern int strbuf_getline(struct strbuf *, FILE *, int);
+
+/**
+ * Like `strbuf_getline`, but keeps the trailing terminator (if
+ * any) in the buffer.
+ */
+extern int strbuf_getwholeline(struct strbuf *, FILE *, int);
+
+/**
+ * Like `strbuf_getwholeline`, but operates on a file descriptor.
+ * It reads one character at a time, so it is very slow. Do not
+ * use it unless you need the correct position in the file
+ * descriptor.
+ */
+extern int strbuf_getwholeline_fd(struct strbuf *, int, int);
+
+/**
+ * Set the buffer to the path of the current working directory.
+ */
+extern int strbuf_getcwd(struct strbuf *sb);
+
+/**
+ * Add a path to a buffer, converting a relative path to an
+ * absolute one in the process. Symbolic links are not
+ * resolved.
+ */
+extern void strbuf_add_absolute_path(struct strbuf *sb, const char *path);
+
+/**
+ * Strip whitespace from a buffer. The second parameter controls if
+ * comments are considered contents to be removed or not.
+ */
+extern void stripspace(struct strbuf *buf, int skip_comments);
+
+static inline int strbuf_strip_suffix(struct strbuf *sb, const char *suffix)
+{
+ if (strip_suffix_mem(sb->buf, &sb->len, suffix)) {
+ strbuf_setlen(sb, sb->len);
+ return 1;
+ } else
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Split str (of length slen) at the specified terminator character.
+ * Return a null-terminated array of pointers to strbuf objects
+ * holding the substrings. The substrings include the terminator,
+ * except for the last substring, which might be unterminated if the
+ * original string did not end with a terminator. If max is positive,
+ * then split the string into at most max substrings (with the last
+ * substring containing everything following the (max-1)th terminator
+ * character).
+ *
+ * The most generic form is `strbuf_split_buf`, which takes an arbitrary
+ * pointer/len buffer. The `_str` variant takes a NUL-terminated string,
+ * the `_max` variant takes a strbuf, and just `strbuf_split` is a convenience
+ * wrapper to drop the `max` parameter.
+ *
+ * For lighter-weight alternatives, see string_list_split() and
+ * string_list_split_in_place().
+ */
+extern struct strbuf **strbuf_split_buf(const char *, size_t,
+ int terminator, int max);
+
+static inline struct strbuf **strbuf_split_str(const char *str,
+ int terminator, int max)
+{
+ return strbuf_split_buf(str, strlen(str), terminator, max);
+}
+
+static inline struct strbuf **strbuf_split_max(const struct strbuf *sb,
+ int terminator, int max)
+{
+ return strbuf_split_buf(sb->buf, sb->len, terminator, max);
+}
+
+static inline struct strbuf **strbuf_split(const struct strbuf *sb,
+ int terminator)
+{
+ return strbuf_split_max(sb, terminator, 0);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Free a NULL-terminated list of strbufs (for example, the return
+ * values of the strbuf_split*() functions).
+ */
+extern void strbuf_list_free(struct strbuf **);
+
+/**
+ * Launch the user preferred editor to edit a file and fill the buffer
+ * with the file's contents upon the user completing their editing. The
+ * third argument can be used to set the environment which the editor is
+ * run in. If the buffer is NULL the editor is launched as usual but the
+ * file's contents are not read into the buffer upon completion.
+ */
+extern int launch_editor(const char *path, struct strbuf *buffer, const char *const *env);
+
extern void strbuf_add_lines(struct strbuf *sb, const char *prefix, const char *buf, size_t size);
-/*
+/**
* Append s to sb, with the characters '<', '>', '&' and '"' converted
* into XML entities.
*/
@@ -170,28 +491,11 @@ static inline void strbuf_complete_line(struct strbuf *sb)
strbuf_addch(sb, '\n');
}
-extern size_t strbuf_fread(struct strbuf *, size_t, FILE *);
-/* XXX: if read fails, any partial read is undone */
-extern ssize_t strbuf_read(struct strbuf *, int fd, size_t hint);
-extern int strbuf_read_file(struct strbuf *sb, const char *path, size_t hint);
-extern int strbuf_readlink(struct strbuf *sb, const char *path, size_t hint);
-extern int strbuf_getcwd(struct strbuf *sb);
-
-extern int strbuf_getwholeline(struct strbuf *, FILE *, int);
-extern int strbuf_getline(struct strbuf *, FILE *, int);
-extern int strbuf_getwholeline_fd(struct strbuf *, int, int);
-
-extern void stripspace(struct strbuf *buf, int skip_comments);
-extern int launch_editor(const char *path, struct strbuf *buffer, const char *const *env);
-
extern int strbuf_branchname(struct strbuf *sb, const char *name);
extern int strbuf_check_branch_ref(struct strbuf *sb, const char *name);
extern void strbuf_addstr_urlencode(struct strbuf *, const char *,
int reserved);
-extern void strbuf_humanise_bytes(struct strbuf *buf, off_t bytes);
-
-extern void strbuf_add_absolute_path(struct strbuf *sb, const char *path);
__attribute__((format (printf,1,2)))
extern int printf_ln(const char *fmt, ...);
@@ -200,7 +504,7 @@ extern int fprintf_ln(FILE *fp, const char *fmt, ...);
char *xstrdup_tolower(const char *);
-/*
+/**
* Create a newly allocated string using printf format. You can do this easily
* with a strbuf, but this provides a shortcut to save a few lines.
*/