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-rw-r--r--.gitignore2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/Makefile8
-rwxr-xr-xDocumentation/cmd-list.perl4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/config.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/core-intro.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/core-tutorial.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/cvs-migration.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-format.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/docbook-xsl.css286
-rw-r--r--Documentation/everyday.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-blame.txt47
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cat-file.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-checkout.txt17
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-config.txt227
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fsck-objects.txt128
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fsck.txt139
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pack-redundant.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-prune.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pull.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-repo-config.txt217
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-pack.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-svn.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-index.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-var.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitk.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/hooks.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/tutorial-2.txt15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/tutorial.txt48
-rw-r--r--Documentation/user-manual.conf21
-rw-r--r--Documentation/user-manual.txt2961
-rwxr-xr-xGIT-VERSION-GEN2
-rw-r--r--Makefile8
-rw-r--r--builtin-blame.c298
-rw-r--r--builtin-branch.c12
-rw-r--r--builtin-config.c (renamed from builtin-repo-config.c)4
-rw-r--r--builtin-for-each-ref.c12
-rw-r--r--builtin-fsck.c (renamed from fsck-objects.c)7
-rw-r--r--builtin-update-index.c8
-rw-r--r--builtin-update-ref.c6
-rw-r--r--builtin.h3
-rw-r--r--combine-diff.c34
-rw-r--r--commit.c3
-rw-r--r--config.c2
-rw-r--r--contrib/blameview/README10
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/blameview/blameview.perl119
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/completion/git-completion.bash15
-rw-r--r--contrib/emacs/git.el8
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/gitview/gitview2
-rw-r--r--contrib/remotes2config.sh4
-rw-r--r--daemon.c9
-rwxr-xr-xgit-bisect.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-checkout.sh29
-rwxr-xr-xgit-clone.sh79
-rwxr-xr-xgit-commit.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xgit-cvsserver.perl6
-rwxr-xr-xgit-fetch.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xgit-instaweb.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xgit-lost-found.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-ls-remote.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xgit-merge-resolve.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-merge.sh4
-rw-r--r--git-p4import.py4
-rwxr-xr-xgit-parse-remote.sh16
-rwxr-xr-xgit-quiltimport.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-rebase.sh3
-rwxr-xr-xgit-remote.perl90
-rwxr-xr-xgit-repack.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-revert.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xgit-send-email.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-sh-setup.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-svn.perl30
-rwxr-xr-xgit-tag.sh7
-rw-r--r--git.c7
-rwxr-xr-xgitk2
-rwxr-xr-xgitweb/gitweb.perl4
-rw-r--r--http-fetch.c2
-rw-r--r--ident.c4
-rw-r--r--merge-recursive.c10
-rw-r--r--perl/Git.pm10
-rw-r--r--perl/private-Error.pm2
-rw-r--r--ppc/sha1ppc.S6
-rw-r--r--quote.c34
-rw-r--r--quote.h1
-rw-r--r--reflog-walk.c8
-rw-r--r--refs.c2
-rw-r--r--send-pack.c2
-rw-r--r--server-info.c2
-rw-r--r--sha1_file.c68
-rw-r--r--sha1_name.c27
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1004-read-tree-m-u-wf.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1020-subdirectory.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1300-repo-config.sh102
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1400-update-ref.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1410-reflog.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3200-branch.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3700-add.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3800-mktag.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3900-i18n-commit.sh24
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3901-i18n-patch.sh58
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4000-diff-format.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4006-diff-mode.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4013-diff-various.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4102-apply-rename.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5000-tar-tree.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5301-sliding-window.sh14
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5400-send-pack.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5500-fetch-pack.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5510-fetch.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5600-clone-fail-cleanup.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5710-info-alternate.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6023-merge-rename-nocruft.sh42
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6200-fmt-merge-msg.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9101-git-svn-props.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9200-git-cvsexportcommit.sh22
-rwxr-xr-xt/test-lib.sh2
-rw-r--r--templates/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--templates/hooks--update340
-rw-r--r--wt-status.c2
123 files changed, 5106 insertions, 923 deletions
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 6da1cdb..a43444f 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ git-clean
git-clone
git-commit
git-commit-tree
+git-config
git-convert-objects
git-count-objects
git-cvsexportcommit
@@ -41,6 +42,7 @@ git-findtags
git-fmt-merge-msg
git-for-each-ref
git-format-patch
+git-fsck
git-fsck-objects
git-gc
git-get-tar-commit-id
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index 5314068..266af47 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@ ARTICLES += hooks
ARTICLES += everyday
ARTICLES += git-tools
# with their own formatting rules.
-SP_ARTICLES = glossary howto/revert-branch-rebase
+SP_ARTICLES = glossary howto/revert-branch-rebase user-manual
DOC_HTML += $(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES))
@@ -99,6 +99,12 @@ clean:
%.xml : %.txt
asciidoc -b docbook -d manpage -f asciidoc.conf $<
+user-manual.xml: user-manual.txt user-manual.conf
+ asciidoc -b docbook -d book $<
+
+user-manual.html: user-manual.xml
+ xmlto html-nochunks $<
+
glossary.html : glossary.txt sort_glossary.pl
cat $< | \
perl sort_glossary.pl | \
diff --git a/Documentation/cmd-list.perl b/Documentation/cmd-list.perl
index 744db82..6dba8d8 100755
--- a/Documentation/cmd-list.perl
+++ b/Documentation/cmd-list.perl
@@ -97,7 +97,7 @@ git-fetch-pack synchingrepositories
git-fmt-merge-msg purehelpers
git-for-each-ref plumbinginterrogators
git-format-patch mainporcelain
-git-fsck-objects ancillaryinterrogators
+git-fsck ancillaryinterrogators
git-gc mainporcelain
git-get-tar-commit-id ancillaryinterrogators
git-grep mainporcelain
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ git-receive-pack synchelpers
git-reflog ancillarymanipulators
git-relink ancillarymanipulators
git-repack ancillarymanipulators
-git-repo-config ancillarymanipulators
+git-config ancillarymanipulators
git-request-pull foreignscminterface
git-rerere ancillaryinterrogators
git-reset mainporcelain
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index 6ea7c76..4e650af 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ in the section header, like in example below:
Subsection names can contain any characters except newline (doublequote
'`"`' and backslash have to be escaped as '`\"`' and '`\\`',
-respecitvely) and are case sensitive. Section header cannot span multiple
+respectively) and are case sensitive. Section header cannot span multiple
lines. Variables may belong directly to a section or to a given subsection.
You can have `[section]` if you have `[section "subsection"]`, but you
don't need to.
@@ -62,7 +62,7 @@ The values following the equals sign in variable assign are all either
a string, an integer, or a boolean. Boolean values may be given as yes/no,
0/1 or true/false. Case is not significant in boolean values, when
converting value to the canonical form using '--bool' type specifier;
-`git-repo-config` will ensure that the output is "true" or "false".
+`git-config` will ensure that the output is "true" or "false".
String values may be entirely or partially enclosed in double quotes.
You need to enclose variable value in double quotes if you want to
@@ -250,10 +250,15 @@ color.branch.<slot>::
Use customized color for branch coloration. `<slot>` is one of
`current` (the current branch), `local` (a local branch),
`remote` (a tracking branch in refs/remotes/), `plain` (other
- refs), or `reset` (the normal terminal color). The value for
- these configuration variables can be one of: `normal`, `bold`,
- `dim`, `ul`, `blink`, `reverse`, `reset`, `black`, `red`,
- `green`, `yellow`, `blue`, `magenta`, `cyan`, or `white`.
+ refs).
++
+The value for these configuration variables is a list of colors (at most
+two) and attributes (at most one), separated by spaces. The colors
+accepted are `normal`, `black`, `red`, `green`, `yellow`, `blue`,
+`magenta`, `cyan` and `white`; the attributes are `bold`, `dim`, `ul`,
+`blink` and `reverse`. The first color given is the foreground; the
+second is the background. The position of the attribute, if any,
+doesn't matter.
color.diff::
When true (or `always`), always use colors in patch.
@@ -261,12 +266,13 @@ color.diff::
colors only when the output is to the terminal.
color.diff.<slot>::
- Use customized color for diff colorization. `<slot>`
- specifies which part of the patch to use the specified
- color, and is one of `plain` (context text), `meta`
- (metainformation), `frag` (hunk header), `old` (removed
- lines), or `new` (added lines). The values of these
- variables may be specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
+ Use customized color for diff colorization. `<slot>` specifies
+ which part of the patch to use the specified color, and is one
+ of `plain` (context text), `meta` (metainformation), `frag`
+ (hunk header), `old` (removed lines), `new` (added lines),
+ `commit` (commit headers), or `whitespace` (highlighting dubious
+ whitespace). The values of these variables may be specified as
+ in color.branch.<slot>.
color.pager::
A boolean to enable/disable colored output when the pager is in
diff --git a/Documentation/core-intro.txt b/Documentation/core-intro.txt
index 0458dc3..abafefc 100644
--- a/Documentation/core-intro.txt
+++ b/Documentation/core-intro.txt
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ size> + <byte\0> + <binary object data>.
The structured objects can further have their structure and
connectivity to other objects verified. This is generally done with
-the `git-fsck-objects` program, which generates a full dependency graph
+the `git-fsck` program, which generates a full dependency graph
of all objects, and verifies their internal consistency (in addition
to just verifying their superficial consistency through the hash).
diff --git a/Documentation/core-tutorial.txt b/Documentation/core-tutorial.txt
index 7317489..9c28bea 100644
--- a/Documentation/core-tutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/core-tutorial.txt
@@ -624,7 +624,7 @@ name for the state at that point.
Copying repositories
--------------------
-git repositories are normally totally self-sufficient and relocatable
+git repositories are normally totally self-sufficient and relocatable.
Unlike CVS, for example, there is no separate notion of
"repository" and "working tree". A git repository normally *is* the
working tree, with the local git information hidden in the `.git`
@@ -1118,7 +1118,7 @@ You could do without using any branches at all, by
keeping as many local repositories as you would like to have
branches, and merging between them with `git pull`, just like
you merge between branches. The advantage of this approach is
-that it lets you keep set of files for each `branch` checked
+that it lets you keep a set of files for each `branch` checked
out and you may find it easier to switch back and forth if you
juggle multiple lines of development simultaneously. Of
course, you will pay the price of more disk usage to hold
@@ -1130,7 +1130,7 @@ the remote repository URL in the local repository's config file
like this:
------------------------------------------------
-$ git repo-config remote.linus.url http://www.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git/
+$ git config remote.linus.url http://www.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git/
------------------------------------------------
and use the "linus" keyword with `git pull` instead of the full URL.
@@ -1300,7 +1300,7 @@ differences since stage 2 (i.e. your version).
Publishing your work
--------------------
-So we can use somebody else's work from a remote repository; but
+So, we can use somebody else's work from a remote repository, but
how can *you* prepare a repository to let other people pull from
it?
@@ -1469,8 +1469,8 @@ Working with Others
Although git is a truly distributed system, it is often
convenient to organize your project with an informal hierarchy
of developers. Linux kernel development is run this way. There
-is a nice illustration (page 17, "Merges to Mainline") in Randy
-Dunlap's presentation (`http://tinyurl.com/a2jdg`).
+is a nice illustration (page 17, "Merges to Mainline") in
+link:http://tinyurl.com/a2jdg[Randy Dunlap's presentation].
It should be stressed that this hierarchy is purely *informal*.
There is nothing fundamental in git that enforces the "chain of
diff --git a/Documentation/cvs-migration.txt b/Documentation/cvs-migration.txt
index 775bf42..764cc56 100644
--- a/Documentation/cvs-migration.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cvs-migration.txt
@@ -36,7 +36,7 @@ them first before running git pull.
================================
The `pull` command knows where to get updates from because of certain
configuration variables that were set by the first `git clone`
-command; see `git repo-config -l` and the gitlink:git-repo-config[1] man
+command; see `git config -l` and the gitlink:git-config[1] man
page for details.
================================
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-format.txt b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
index 883c1bb..378e72f 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
@@ -159,7 +159,7 @@ or like this (when '--cc' option is used):
deleted file mode <mode>,<mode>
+
The `mode <mode>,<mode>..<mode>` line appears only if at least one of
-the <mode> is diferent from the rest. Extended headers with
+the <mode> is different from the rest. Extended headers with
information about detected contents movement (renames and
copying detection) are designed to work with diff of two
<tree-ish> and are not used by combined diff format.
diff --git a/Documentation/docbook-xsl.css b/Documentation/docbook-xsl.css
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8821e30
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/docbook-xsl.css
@@ -0,0 +1,286 @@
+/*
+ CSS stylesheet for XHTML produced by DocBook XSL stylesheets.
+ Tested with XSL stylesheets 1.61.2, 1.67.2
+*/
+
+span.strong {
+ font-weight: bold;
+}
+
+body blockquote {
+ margin-top: .75em;
+ line-height: 1.5;
+ margin-bottom: .75em;
+}
+
+html body {
+ margin: 1em 5% 1em 5%;
+ line-height: 1.2;
+}
+
+body div {
+ margin: 0;
+}
+
+h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6,
+div.toc p b,
+div.list-of-figures p b,
+div.list-of-tables p b,
+div.abstract p.title
+{
+ color: #527bbd;
+ font-family: tahoma, verdana, sans-serif;
+}
+
+div.toc p:first-child,
+div.list-of-figures p:first-child,
+div.list-of-tables p:first-child,
+div.example p.title
+{
+ margin-bottom: 0.2em;
+}
+
+body h1 {
+ margin: .0em 0 0 -4%;
+ line-height: 1.3;
+ border-bottom: 2px solid silver;
+}
+
+body h2 {
+ margin: 0.5em 0 0 -4%;
+ line-height: 1.3;
+ border-bottom: 2px solid silver;
+}
+
+body h3 {
+ margin: .8em 0 0 -3%;
+ line-height: 1.3;
+}
+
+body h4 {
+ margin: .8em 0 0 -3%;
+ line-height: 1.3;
+}
+
+body h5 {
+ margin: .8em 0 0 -2%;
+ line-height: 1.3;
+}
+
+body h6 {
+ margin: .8em 0 0 -1%;
+ line-height: 1.3;
+}
+
+body hr {
+ border: none; /* Broken on IE6 */
+}
+div.footnotes hr {
+ border: 1px solid silver;
+}
+
+div.navheader th, div.navheader td, div.navfooter td {
+ font-family: sans-serif;
+ font-size: 0.9em;
+ font-weight: bold;
+ color: #527bbd;
+}
+div.navheader img, div.navfooter img {
+ border-style: none;
+}
+div.navheader a, div.navfooter a {
+ font-weight: normal;
+}
+div.navfooter hr {
+ border: 1px solid silver;
+}
+
+body td {
+ line-height: 1.2
+}
+
+body th {
+ line-height: 1.2;
+}
+
+ol {
+ line-height: 1.2;
+}
+
+ul, body dir, body menu {
+ line-height: 1.2;
+}
+
+html {
+ margin: 0;
+ padding: 0;
+}
+
+body h1, body h2, body h3, body h4, body h5, body h6 {
+ margin-left: 0
+}
+
+body pre {
+ margin: 0.5em 10% 0.5em 1em;
+ line-height: 1.0;
+ color: navy;
+}
+
+tt.literal, code.literal {
+ color: navy;
+}
+
+div.literallayout p {
+ padding: 0em;
+ margin: 0em;
+}
+
+div.literallayout {
+ font-family: monospace;
+# margin: 0.5em 10% 0.5em 1em;
+ margin: 0em;
+ color: navy;
+ border: 1px solid silver;
+ background: #f4f4f4;
+ padding: 0.5em;
+}
+
+.programlisting, .screen {
+ border: 1px solid silver;
+ background: #f4f4f4;
+ margin: 0.5em 10% 0.5em 0;
+ padding: 0.5em 1em;
+}
+
+div.sidebar {
+ background: #ffffee;
+ margin: 1.0em 10% 0.5em 0;
+ padding: 0.5em 1em;
+ border: 1px solid silver;
+}
+div.sidebar * { padding: 0; }
+div.sidebar div { margin: 0; }
+div.sidebar p.title {
+ font-family: sans-serif;
+ margin-top: 0.5em;
+ margin-bottom: 0.2em;
+}
+
+div.bibliomixed {
+ margin: 0.5em 5% 0.5em 1em;
+}
+
+div.glossary dt {
+ font-weight: bold;
+}
+div.glossary dd p {
+ margin-top: 0.2em;
+}
+
+dl {
+ margin: .8em 0;
+ line-height: 1.2;
+}
+
+dt {
+ margin-top: 0.5em;
+}
+
+dt span.term {
+ font-style: italic;
+}
+
+div.variablelist dd p {
+ margin-top: 0;
+}
+
+div.itemizedlist li, div.orderedlist li {
+ margin-left: -0.8em;
+ margin-top: 0.5em;
+}
+
+ul, ol {
+ list-style-position: outside;
+}
+
+div.sidebar ul, div.sidebar ol {
+ margin-left: 2.8em;
+}
+
+div.itemizedlist p.title,
+div.orderedlist p.title,
+div.variablelist p.title
+{
+ margin-bottom: -0.8em;
+}
+
+div.revhistory table {
+ border-collapse: collapse;
+ border: none;
+}
+div.revhistory th {
+ border: none;
+ color: #527bbd;
+ font-family: tahoma, verdana, sans-serif;
+}
+div.revhistory td {
+ border: 1px solid silver;
+}
+
+/* Keep TOC and index lines close together. */
+div.toc dl, div.toc dt,
+div.list-of-figures dl, div.list-of-figures dt,
+div.list-of-tables dl, div.list-of-tables dt,
+div.indexdiv dl, div.indexdiv dt
+{
+ line-height: normal;
+ margin-top: 0;
+ margin-bottom: 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ Table styling does not work because of overriding attributes in
+ generated HTML.
+*/
+div.table table,
+div.informaltable table
+{
+ margin-left: 0;
+ margin-right: 5%;
+ margin-bottom: 0.8em;
+}
+div.informaltable table
+{
+ margin-top: 0.4em
+}
+div.table thead,
+div.table tfoot,
+div.table tbody,
+div.informaltable thead,
+div.informaltable tfoot,
+div.informaltable tbody
+{
+ /* No effect in IE6. */
+ border-top: 2px solid #527bbd;
+ border-bottom: 2px solid #527bbd;
+}
+div.table thead, div.table tfoot,
+div.informaltable thead, div.informaltable tfoot
+{
+ font-weight: bold;
+}
+
+div.mediaobject img {
+ border: 1px solid silver;
+ margin-bottom: 0.8em;
+}
+div.figure p.title,
+div.table p.title
+{
+ margin-top: 1em;
+ margin-bottom: 0.4em;
+}
+
+@media print {
+ div.navheader, div.navfooter { display: none; }
+}
diff --git a/Documentation/everyday.txt b/Documentation/everyday.txt
index ca36a76..08c61b1 100644
--- a/Documentation/everyday.txt
+++ b/Documentation/everyday.txt
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ Everybody uses these commands to maintain git repositories.
* gitlink:git-init[1] or gitlink:git-clone[1] to create a
new repository.
- * gitlink:git-fsck-objects[1] to check the repository for errors.
+ * gitlink:git-fsck[1] to check the repository for errors.
* gitlink:git-prune[1] to remove unused objects in the repository.
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ Examples
Check health and remove cruft.::
+
------------
-$ git fsck-objects <1>
+$ git fsck <1>
$ git count-objects <2>
$ git repack <3>
$ git gc <4>
@@ -212,12 +212,12 @@ Push into another repository.::
------------
satellite$ git clone mothership:frotz frotz <1>
satellite$ cd frotz
-satellite$ git repo-config --get-regexp '^(remote|branch)\.' <2>
+satellite$ git config --get-regexp '^(remote|branch)\.' <2>
remote.origin.url mothership:frotz
remote.origin.fetch refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
branch.master.remote origin
branch.master.merge refs/heads/master
-satellite$ git repo-config remote.origin.push \
+satellite$ git config remote.origin.push \
master:refs/remotes/satellite/master <3>
satellite$ edit/compile/test/commit
satellite$ git push origin <4>
diff --git a/Documentation/git-blame.txt b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
index 5dd8e36..0ee887d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-blame.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-blame - Show what revision and author last modified each line of a file
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-blame' [-c] [-l] [-t] [-f] [-n] [-p] [-L n,m] [-S <revs-file>]
+'git-blame' [-c] [-l] [-t] [-f] [-n] [-p] [--incremental] [-L n,m] [-S <revs-file>]
[-M] [-C] [-C] [--since=<date>] [<rev>] [--] <file>
DESCRIPTION
@@ -63,6 +63,10 @@ OPTIONS
-p, --porcelain::
Show in a format designed for machine consumption.
+--incremental::
+ Show the result incrementally in a format designed for
+ machine consumption.
+
-M::
Detect moving lines in the file as well. When a commit
moves a block of lines in a file (e.g. the original file
@@ -158,6 +162,47 @@ parents, using `commit{caret}!` notation:
git blame -C -C -f $commit^! -- foo
+INCREMENTAL OUTPUT
+------------------
+
+When called with `--incremental` option, the command outputs the
+result as it is built. The output generally will talk about
+lines touched by more recent commits first (i.e. the lines will
+be annotated out of order) and is meant to be used by
+interactive viewers.
+
+The output format is similar to the Porcelain format, but it
+does not contain the actual lines from the file that is being
+annotated.
+
+. Each blame entry always starts with a line of:
+
+ <40-byte hex sha1> <sourceline> <resultline> <num_lines>
++
+Line numbers count from 1.
+
+. The first time that commit shows up in the stream, it has various
+ other information about it printed out with a one-word tag at the
+ beginning of each line about that "extended commit info" (author,
+ email, committer, dates, summary etc).
+
+. Unlike Porcelain format, the filename information is always
+ given and terminates the entry:
+
+ "filename" <whitespace-quoted-filename-goes-here>
++
+and thus it's really quite easy to parse for some line- and word-oriented
+parser (which should be quite natural for most scripting languages).
++
+[NOTE]
+For people who do parsing: to make it more robust, just ignore any
+lines in between the first and last one ("<sha1>" and "filename" lines)
+where you don't recognize the tag-words (or care about that particular
+one) at the beginning of the "extended information" lines. That way, if
+there is ever added information (like the commit encoding or extended
+commit commentary), a blame viewer won't ever care.
+
+
SEE ALSO
--------
gitlink:git-annotate[1]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
index 7e90ce9..075c0d0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
@@ -19,7 +19,9 @@ or '-s' is used to find the object size.
OPTIONS
-------
<object>::
- The sha1 identifier of the object.
+ The name of the object to show.
+ For a more complete list of ways to spell object names, see
+ "SPECIFYING REVISIONS" section in gitlink:git-rev-parse[1].
-t::
Instead of the content, show the object type identified by
diff --git a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
index c44a4a8..55c9289 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
@@ -8,8 +8,8 @@ git-checkout - Checkout and switch to a branch
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-checkout' [-f] [-b <new_branch> [-l]] [-m] [<branch>]
-'git-checkout' [<branch>] <paths>...
+'git-checkout' [-q] [-f] [-b <new_branch> [-l]] [-m] [<branch>]
+'git-checkout' [<tree-ish>] <paths>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -22,15 +22,20 @@ be created.
When <paths> are given, this command does *not* switch
branches. It updates the named paths in the working tree from
-the index file (i.e. it runs `git-checkout-index -f -u`). In
+the index file (i.e. it runs `git-checkout-index -f -u`), or a
+named commit. In
this case, `-f` and `-b` options are meaningless and giving
-either of them results in an error. <branch> argument can be
-used to specify a specific tree-ish to update the index for the
-given paths before updating the working tree.
+either of them results in an error. <tree-ish> argument can be
+used to specify a specific tree-ish (i.e. commit, tag or tree)
+to update the index for the given paths before updating the
+working tree.
OPTIONS
-------
+-q::
+ Quiet, supress feedback messages.
+
-f::
Force a re-read of everything.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-config.txt b/Documentation/git-config.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6624484
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-config.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,227 @@
+git-config(1)
+=============
+
+NAME
+----
+git-config - Get and set repository or global options
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+[verse]
+'git-config' [--global] [type] name [value [value_regex]]
+'git-config' [--global] [type] --add name value
+'git-config' [--global] [type] --replace-all name [value [value_regex]]
+'git-config' [--global] [type] --get name [value_regex]
+'git-config' [--global] [type] --get-all name [value_regex]
+'git-config' [--global] [type] --unset name [value_regex]
+'git-config' [--global] [type] --unset-all name [value_regex]
+'git-config' [--global] -l | --list
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+You can query/set/replace/unset options with this command. The name is
+actually the section and the key separated by a dot, and the value will be
+escaped.
+
+Multiple lines can be added to an option by using the '--add' option.
+If you want to update or unset an option which can occur on multiple
+lines, a POSIX regexp `value_regex` needs to be given. Only the
+existing values that match the regexp are updated or unset. If
+you want to handle the lines that do *not* match the regex, just
+prepend a single exclamation mark in front (see EXAMPLES).
+
+The type specifier can be either '--int' or '--bool', which will make
+'git-config' ensure that the variable(s) are of the given type and
+convert the value to the canonical form (simple decimal number for int,
+a "true" or "false" string for bool). If no type specifier is passed,
+no checks or transformations are performed on the value.
+
+This command will fail if:
+
+. The .git/config file is invalid,
+. Can not write to .git/config,
+. no section was provided,
+. the section or key is invalid,
+. you try to unset an option which does not exist,
+. you try to unset/set an option for which multiple lines match, or
+. you use --global option without $HOME being properly set.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+
+--replace-all::
+ Default behavior is to replace at most one line. This replaces
+ all lines matching the key (and optionally the value_regex).
+
+--add::
+ Adds a new line to the option without altering any existing
+ values. This is the same as providing '^$' as the value_regex.
+
+--get::
+ Get the value for a given key (optionally filtered by a regex
+ matching the value). Returns error code 1 if the key was not
+ found and error code 2 if multiple key values were found.
+
+--get-all::
+ Like get, but does not fail if the number of values for the key
+ is not exactly one.
+
+--get-regexp::
+ Like --get-all, but interprets the name as a regular expression.
+
+--global::
+ Use global ~/.gitconfig file rather than the repository .git/config.
+
+--unset::
+ Remove the line matching the key from config file.
+
+--unset-all::
+ Remove all matching lines from config file.
+
+-l, --list::
+ List all variables set in config file.
+
+--bool::
+ git-config will ensure that the output is "true" or "false"
+
+--int::
+ git-config will ensure that the output is a simple
+ decimal number. An optional value suffix of 'k', 'm', or 'g'
+ in the config file will cause the value to be multiplied
+ by 1024, 1048576, or 1073741824 prior to output.
+
+
+ENVIRONMENT
+-----------
+
+GIT_CONFIG::
+ Take the configuration from the given file instead of .git/config.
+ Using the "--global" option forces this to ~/.gitconfig.
+
+GIT_CONFIG_LOCAL::
+ Currently the same as $GIT_CONFIG; when Git will support global
+ configuration files, this will cause it to take the configuration
+ from the global configuration file in addition to the given file.
+
+
+EXAMPLE
+-------
+
+Given a .git/config like this:
+
+ #
+ # This is the config file, and
+ # a '#' or ';' character indicates
+ # a comment
+ #
+
+ ; core variables
+ [core]
+ ; Don't trust file modes
+ filemode = false
+
+ ; Our diff algorithm
+ [diff]
+ external = "/usr/local/bin/gnu-diff -u"
+ renames = true
+
+ ; Proxy settings
+ [core]
+ gitproxy="ssh" for "ssh://kernel.org/"
+ gitproxy="proxy-command" for kernel.org
+ gitproxy="myprotocol-command" for "my://"
+ gitproxy=default-proxy ; for all the rest
+
+you can set the filemode to true with
+
+------------
+% git config core.filemode true
+------------
+
+The hypothetical proxy command entries actually have a postfix to discern
+what URL they apply to. Here is how to change the entry for kernel.org
+to "ssh".
+
+------------
+% git config core.gitproxy '"ssh" for kernel.org' 'for kernel.org$'
+------------
+
+This makes sure that only the key/value pair for kernel.org is replaced.
+
+To delete the entry for renames, do
+
+------------
+% git config --unset diff.renames
+------------
+
+If you want to delete an entry for a multivar (like core.gitproxy above),
+you have to provide a regex matching the value of exactly one line.
+
+To query the value for a given key, do
+
+------------
+% git config --get core.filemode
+------------
+
+or
+
+------------
+% git config core.filemode
+------------
+
+or, to query a multivar:
+
+------------
+% git config --get core.gitproxy "for kernel.org$"
+------------
+
+If you want to know all the values for a multivar, do:
+
+------------
+% git config --get-all core.gitproxy
+------------
+
+If you like to live dangerous, you can replace *all* core.gitproxy by a
+new one with
+
+------------
+% git config --replace-all core.gitproxy ssh
+------------
+
+However, if you really only want to replace the line for the default proxy,
+i.e. the one without a "for ..." postfix, do something like this:
+
+------------
+% git config core.gitproxy ssh '! for '
+------------
+
+To actually match only values with an exclamation mark, you have to
+
+------------
+% git config section.key value '[!]'
+------------
+
+To add a new proxy, without altering any of the existing ones, use
+
+------------
+% git config core.gitproxy '"proxy" for example.com'
+------------
+
+
+include::config.txt[]
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Johannes Schindelin, Petr Baudis and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the gitlink:git[7] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
index 06e7ab1..da52eba 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-for-each-ref - Output information on each ref
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-for-each-ref' [--count=<count>]\* [--shell|--perl|--python] [--sort=<key>]\* [--format=<format>] [<pattern>]
+'git-for-each-ref' [--count=<count>]\* [--shell|--perl|--python|--tcl] [--sort=<key>]\* [--format=<format>] [<pattern>]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ OPTIONS
using fnmatch(3). Refs that do not match the pattern
are not shown.
---shell, --perl, --python::
+--shell, --perl, --python, --tcl::
If given, strings that substitute `%(fieldname)`
placeholders are quoted as string literals suitable for
the specified host language. This is meant to produce
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fsck-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-fsck-objects.txt
index d0af99d..f21061e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fsck-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fsck-objects.txt
@@ -8,132 +8,10 @@ git-fsck-objects - Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the
SYNOPSIS
--------
-[verse]
-'git-fsck-objects' [--tags] [--root] [--unreachable] [--cache]
- [--full] [--strict] [<object>*]
+'git-fsck-objects' ...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database.
-
-OPTIONS
--------
-<object>::
- An object to treat as the head of an unreachability trace.
-+
-If no objects are given, git-fsck-objects defaults to using the
-index file and all SHA1 references in .git/refs/* as heads.
-
---unreachable::
- Print out objects that exist but that aren't readable from any
- of the reference nodes.
-
---root::
- Report root nodes.
-
---tags::
- Report tags.
-
---cache::
- Consider any object recorded in the index also as a head node for
- an unreachability trace.
-
---full::
- Check not just objects in GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY
- ($GIT_DIR/objects), but also the ones found in alternate
- object pools listed in GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES
- or $GIT_DIR/objects/info/alternates,
- and in packed git archives found in $GIT_DIR/objects/pack
- and corresponding pack subdirectories in alternate
- object pools.
-
---strict::
- Enable more strict checking, namely to catch a file mode
- recorded with g+w bit set, which was created by older
- versions of git. Existing repositories, including the
- Linux kernel, git itself, and sparse repository have old
- objects that triggers this check, but it is recommended
- to check new projects with this flag.
-
-It tests SHA1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking of
-the resulting reachability and everything else. It prints out any
-corruption it finds (missing or bad objects), and if you use the
-'--unreachable' flag it will also print out objects that exist but
-that aren't readable from any of the specified head nodes.
-
-So for example
-
- git-fsck-objects --unreachable HEAD $(cat .git/refs/heads/*)
-
-will do quite a _lot_ of verification on the tree. There are a few
-extra validity tests to be added (make sure that tree objects are
-sorted properly etc), but on the whole if "git-fsck-objects" is happy, you
-do have a valid tree.
-
-Any corrupt objects you will have to find in backups or other archives
-(i.e., you can just remove them and do an "rsync" with some other site in
-the hopes that somebody else has the object you have corrupted).
-
-Of course, "valid tree" doesn't mean that it wasn't generated by some
-evil person, and the end result might be crap. git is a revision
-tracking system, not a quality assurance system ;)
-
-Extracted Diagnostics
----------------------
-
-expect dangling commits - potential heads - due to lack of head information::
- You haven't specified any nodes as heads so it won't be
- possible to differentiate between un-parented commits and
- root nodes.
-
-missing sha1 directory '<dir>'::
- The directory holding the sha1 objects is missing.
-
-unreachable <type> <object>::
- The <type> object <object>, isn't actually referred to directly
- or indirectly in any of the trees or commits seen. This can
- mean that there's another root node that you're not specifying
- or that the tree is corrupt. If you haven't missed a root node
- then you might as well delete unreachable nodes since they
- can't be used.
-
-missing <type> <object>::
- The <type> object <object>, is referred to but isn't present in
- the database.
-
-dangling <type> <object>::
- The <type> object <object>, is present in the database but never
- 'directly' used. A dangling commit could be a root node.
-
-warning: git-fsck-objects: tree <tree> has full pathnames in it::
- And it shouldn't...
-
-sha1 mismatch <object>::
- The database has an object who's sha1 doesn't match the
- database value.
- This indicates a serious data integrity problem.
-
-Environment Variables
----------------------
-
-GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY::
- used to specify the object database root (usually $GIT_DIR/objects)
-
-GIT_INDEX_FILE::
- used to specify the index file of the index
-
-GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES::
- used to specify additional object database roots (usually unset)
-
-Author
-------
-Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
-
-Documentation
---------------
-Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
-
-GIT
----
-Part of the gitlink:git[7] suite
+This is a synonym for gitlink:git-fsck[1]. Please refer to the
+documentation of that command.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..058009d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,139 @@
+git-fsck(1)
+===========
+
+NAME
+----
+git-fsck - Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+[verse]
+'git-fsck' [--tags] [--root] [--unreachable] [--cache]
+ [--full] [--strict] [<object>*]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+<object>::
+ An object to treat as the head of an unreachability trace.
++
+If no objects are given, git-fsck defaults to using the
+index file and all SHA1 references in .git/refs/* as heads.
+
+--unreachable::
+ Print out objects that exist but that aren't readable from any
+ of the reference nodes.
+
+--root::
+ Report root nodes.
+
+--tags::
+ Report tags.
+
+--cache::
+ Consider any object recorded in the index also as a head node for
+ an unreachability trace.
+
+--full::
+ Check not just objects in GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY
+ ($GIT_DIR/objects), but also the ones found in alternate
+ object pools listed in GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES
+ or $GIT_DIR/objects/info/alternates,
+ and in packed git archives found in $GIT_DIR/objects/pack
+ and corresponding pack subdirectories in alternate
+ object pools.
+
+--strict::
+ Enable more strict checking, namely to catch a file mode
+ recorded with g+w bit set, which was created by older
+ versions of git. Existing repositories, including the
+ Linux kernel, git itself, and sparse repository have old
+ objects that triggers this check, but it is recommended
+ to check new projects with this flag.
+
+It tests SHA1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking of
+the resulting reachability and everything else. It prints out any
+corruption it finds (missing or bad objects), and if you use the
+'--unreachable' flag it will also print out objects that exist but
+that aren't readable from any of the specified head nodes.
+
+So for example
+
+ git-fsck --unreachable HEAD $(cat .git/refs/heads/*)
+
+will do quite a _lot_ of verification on the tree. There are a few
+extra validity tests to be added (make sure that tree objects are
+sorted properly etc), but on the whole if "git-fsck" is happy, you
+do have a valid tree.
+
+Any corrupt objects you will have to find in backups or other archives
+(i.e., you can just remove them and do an "rsync" with some other site in
+the hopes that somebody else has the object you have corrupted).
+
+Of course, "valid tree" doesn't mean that it wasn't generated by some
+evil person, and the end result might be crap. git is a revision
+tracking system, not a quality assurance system ;)
+
+Extracted Diagnostics
+---------------------
+
+expect dangling commits - potential heads - due to lack of head information::
+ You haven't specified any nodes as heads so it won't be
+ possible to differentiate between un-parented commits and
+ root nodes.
+
+missing sha1 directory '<dir>'::
+ The directory holding the sha1 objects is missing.
+
+unreachable <type> <object>::
+ The <type> object <object>, isn't actually referred to directly
+ or indirectly in any of the trees or commits seen. This can
+ mean that there's another root node that you're not specifying
+ or that the tree is corrupt. If you haven't missed a root node
+ then you might as well delete unreachable nodes since they
+ can't be used.
+
+missing <type> <object>::
+ The <type> object <object>, is referred to but isn't present in
+ the database.
+
+dangling <type> <object>::
+ The <type> object <object>, is present in the database but never
+ 'directly' used. A dangling commit could be a root node.
+
+warning: git-fsck: tree <tree> has full pathnames in it::
+ And it shouldn't...
+
+sha1 mismatch <object>::
+ The database has an object who's sha1 doesn't match the
+ database value.
+ This indicates a serious data integrity problem.
+
+Environment Variables
+---------------------
+
+GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY::
+ used to specify the object database root (usually $GIT_DIR/objects)
+
+GIT_INDEX_FILE::
+ used to specify the index file of the index
+
+GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES::
+ used to specify additional object database roots (usually unset)
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the gitlink:git[7] suite
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-redundant.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-redundant.txt
index be2c64e..94bbea0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-redundant.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-redundant.txt
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@ given will be ignored when checking which packs are required. This makes the
following command useful when wanting to remove packs which contain unreachable
objects.
-git-fsck-objects --full --unreachable | cut -d ' ' -f3 | \
+git-fsck --full --unreachable | cut -d ' ' -f3 | \
git-pack-redundant --all | xargs rm
OPTIONS
diff --git a/Documentation/git-prune.txt b/Documentation/git-prune.txt
index a11e303..0b44f30 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-prune.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-prune.txt
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-This runs `git-fsck-objects --unreachable` using all the refs
+This runs `git-fsck --unreachable` using all the refs
available in `$GIT_DIR/refs`, optionally with additional set of
objects specified on the command line, and prunes all
objects unreachable from any of these head objects from the object database.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
index 3e5f115..a81d68c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pull.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ git pull, git pull origin::
current branch. Normally the branch merged in is
the HEAD of the remote repository, but the choice is
determined by the branch.<name>.remote and
- branch.<name>.merge options; see gitlink:git-repo-config[1]
+ branch.<name>.merge options; see gitlink:git-config[1]
for details.
git pull origin next::
@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@ gitlink:git-reset[1].
SEE ALSO
--------
-gitlink:git-fetch[1], gitlink:git-merge[1], gitlink:git-repo-config[1]
+gitlink:git-fetch[1], gitlink:git-merge[1], gitlink:git-config[1]
Author
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
index 5b93a8c..a60c31a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
@@ -12,23 +12,43 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git-remote'
'git-remote' add <name> <url>
'git-remote' show <name>
+'git-remote' prune <name>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Manage the set of repositories ("remotes") whose branches you track.
-With no arguments, shows a list of existing remotes.
-In the second form, adds a remote named <name> for the repository at
+COMMANDS
+--------
+
+With no arguments, shows a list of existing remotes. Several
+subcommands are available to perform operations on the remotes.
+
+'add'::
+
+Adds a remote named <name> for the repository at
<url>. The command `git fetch <name>` can then be used to create and
update remote-tracking branches <name>/<branch>.
-In the third form, gives some information about the remote <name>.
+'show'::
+
+Gives some information about the remote <name>.
+
+'prune'::
+
+Deletes all stale tracking branches under <name>.
+These stale branches have already been removed from the remote repository
+referenced by <name>, but are still locally available in "remotes/<name>".
+
+
+DISCUSSION
+----------
The remote configuration is achieved using the `remote.origin.url` and
`remote.origin.fetch` configuration variables. (See
-gitlink:git-repo-config[1]).
+gitlink:git-config[1]).
Examples
--------
@@ -58,7 +78,7 @@ See Also
--------
gitlink:git-fetch[1]
gitlink:git-branch[1]
-gitlink:git-repo-config[1]
+gitlink:git-config[1]
Author
------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-repo-config.txt b/Documentation/git-repo-config.txt
index 9db3d30..2deba31 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-repo-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-repo-config.txt
@@ -8,220 +8,11 @@ git-repo-config - Get and set repository or global options
SYNOPSIS
--------
-[verse]
-'git-repo-config' [--global] [type] name [value [value_regex]]
-'git-repo-config' [--global] [type] --add name value
-'git-repo-config' [--global] [type] --replace-all name [value [value_regex]]
-'git-repo-config' [--global] [type] --get name [value_regex]
-'git-repo-config' [--global] [type] --get-all name [value_regex]
-'git-repo-config' [--global] [type] --unset name [value_regex]
-'git-repo-config' [--global] [type] --unset-all name [value_regex]
-'git-repo-config' [--global] -l | --list
+'git-repo-config' ...
-DESCRIPTION
------------
-You can query/set/replace/unset options with this command. The name is
-actually the section and the key separated by a dot, and the value will be
-escaped.
-
-Multiple lines can be added to an option by using the '--add' option.
-If you want to update or unset an option which can occur on multiple
-lines, a POSIX regexp `value_regex` needs to be given. Only the
-existing values that match the regexp are updated or unset. If
-you want to handle the lines that do *not* match the regex, just
-prepend a single exclamation mark in front (see EXAMPLES).
-
-The type specifier can be either '--int' or '--bool', which will make
-'git-repo-config' ensure that the variable(s) are of the given type and
-convert the value to the canonical form (simple decimal number for int,
-a "true" or "false" string for bool). If no type specifier is passed,
-no checks or transformations are performed on the value.
-
-This command will fail if:
-
-. The .git/config file is invalid,
-. Can not write to .git/config,
-. no section was provided,
-. the section or key is invalid,
-. you try to unset an option which does not exist,
-. you try to unset/set an option for which multiple lines match, or
-. you use --global option without $HOME being properly set.
-
-
-OPTIONS
--------
-
---replace-all::
- Default behavior is to replace at most one line. This replaces
- all lines matching the key (and optionally the value_regex).
-
---add::
- Adds a new line to the option without altering any existing
- values. This is the same as providing '^$' as the value_regex.
-
---get::
- Get the value for a given key (optionally filtered by a regex
- matching the value). Returns error code 1 if the key was not
- found and error code 2 if multiple key values were found.
-
---get-all::
- Like get, but does not fail if the number of values for the key
- is not exactly one.
-
---get-regexp::
- Like --get-all, but interprets the name as a regular expression.
-
---global::
- Use global ~/.gitconfig file rather than the repository .git/config.
-
---unset::
- Remove the line matching the key from config file.
---unset-all::
- Remove all matching lines from config file.
-
--l, --list::
- List all variables set in config file.
-
---bool::
- git-repo-config will ensure that the output is "true" or "false"
-
---int::
- git-repo-config will ensure that the output is a simple
- decimal number. An optional value suffix of 'k', 'm', or 'g'
- in the config file will cause the value to be multiplied
- by 1024, 1048576, or 1073741824 prior to output.
-
-
-ENVIRONMENT
+DESCRIPTION
-----------
-GIT_CONFIG::
- Take the configuration from the given file instead of .git/config.
- Using the "--global" option forces this to ~/.gitconfig.
-
-GIT_CONFIG_LOCAL::
- Currently the same as $GIT_CONFIG; when Git will support global
- configuration files, this will cause it to take the configuration
- from the global configuration file in addition to the given file.
-
-
-EXAMPLE
--------
-
-Given a .git/config like this:
-
- #
- # This is the config file, and
- # a '#' or ';' character indicates
- # a comment
- #
-
- ; core variables
- [core]
- ; Don't trust file modes
- filemode = false
-
- ; Our diff algorithm
- [diff]
- external = "/usr/local/bin/gnu-diff -u"
- renames = true
-
- ; Proxy settings
- [core]
- gitproxy="ssh" for "ssh://kernel.org/"
- gitproxy="proxy-command" for kernel.org
- gitproxy="myprotocol-command" for "my://"
- gitproxy=default-proxy ; for all the rest
-
-you can set the filemode to true with
-
-------------
-% git repo-config core.filemode true
-------------
-
-The hypothetical proxy command entries actually have a postfix to discern
-what URL they apply to. Here is how to change the entry for kernel.org
-to "ssh".
-
-------------
-% git repo-config core.gitproxy '"ssh" for kernel.org' 'for kernel.org$'
-------------
-
-This makes sure that only the key/value pair for kernel.org is replaced.
-
-To delete the entry for renames, do
-
-------------
-% git repo-config --unset diff.renames
-------------
-
-If you want to delete an entry for a multivar (like core.gitproxy above),
-you have to provide a regex matching the value of exactly one line.
-
-To query the value for a given key, do
-
-------------
-% git repo-config --get core.filemode
-------------
-
-or
-
-------------
-% git repo-config core.filemode
-------------
-
-or, to query a multivar:
-
-------------
-% git repo-config --get core.gitproxy "for kernel.org$"
-------------
-
-If you want to know all the values for a multivar, do:
-
-------------
-% git repo-config --get-all core.gitproxy
-------------
-
-If you like to live dangerous, you can replace *all* core.gitproxy by a
-new one with
-
-------------
-% git repo-config --replace-all core.gitproxy ssh
-------------
-
-However, if you really only want to replace the line for the default proxy,
-i.e. the one without a "for ..." postfix, do something like this:
-
-------------
-% git repo-config core.gitproxy ssh '! for '
-------------
-
-To actually match only values with an exclamation mark, you have to
-
-------------
-% git repo-config section.key value '[!]'
-------------
-
-To add a new proxy, without altering any of the existing ones, use
-
-------------
-% git repo-config core.gitproxy '"proxy" for example.com'
-------------
-
-
-include::config.txt[]
-
-
-Author
-------
-Written by Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de>
-
-Documentation
---------------
-Documentation by Johannes Schindelin, Petr Baudis and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
-
-GIT
----
-Part of the gitlink:git[7] suite
-
+This is a synonym for gitlink:git-config[1]. Please refer to the
+documentation of that command.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
index aeb37b6..4041a16 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
@@ -160,6 +160,10 @@ blobs contained in a commit.
immediately following a ref name and the ref must have an existing
log ($GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>).
+* You can use the '@' construct with an empty ref part to get at a
+ reflog of the current branch. For example, if you are on the
+ branch 'blabla', then '@\{1\}' means the same as 'blabla@\{1\}'.
+
* A suffix '{caret}' to a revision parameter means the first parent of
that commit object. '{caret}<n>' means the <n>th parent (i.e.
'rev{caret}'
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
index 2f6267c..205bfd2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-send-pack(1)
NAME
----
-git-send-pack - Push objects over git protocol to another reposiotory
+git-send-pack - Push objects over git protocol to another repository
SYNOPSIS
diff --git a/Documentation/git-svn.txt b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
index b95ff1d..6ce6a39 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-svn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
@@ -133,7 +133,7 @@ manually joining branches on commit.
'multi-init'::
This command supports git-svnimport-like command-line syntax for
- importing repositories that are layed out as recommended by the
+ importing repositories that are laid out as recommended by the
SVN folks. This is a bit more tolerant than the git-svnimport
command-line syntax and doesn't require the user to figure out
where the repository URL ends and where the repository path
@@ -204,7 +204,7 @@ removed by default if there are no files left in them. git
cannot version empty directories. Enabling this flag will make
the commit to SVN act like git.
-repo-config key: svn.rmdir
+config key: svn.rmdir
-e::
--edit::
@@ -215,7 +215,7 @@ Edit the commit message before committing to SVN. This is off by
default for objects that are commits, and forced on when committing
tree objects.
-repo-config key: svn.edit
+config key: svn.edit
-l<num>::
--find-copies-harder::
@@ -226,8 +226,8 @@ They are both passed directly to git-diff-tree see
gitlink:git-diff-tree[1] for more information.
[verse]
-repo-config key: svn.l
-repo-config key: svn.findcopiesharder
+config key: svn.l
+config key: svn.findcopiesharder
-A<filename>::
--authors-file=<filename>::
@@ -245,7 +245,7 @@ will abort operation. The user will then have to add the
appropriate entry. Re-running the previous git-svn command
after the authors-file is modified should continue operation.
-repo-config key: svn.authorsfile
+config key: svn.authorsfile
-q::
--quiet::
@@ -262,8 +262,8 @@ repo-config key: svn.authorsfile
--repack-flags are passed directly to gitlink:git-repack[1].
-repo-config key: svn.repack
-repo-config key: svn.repackflags
+config key: svn.repack
+config key: svn.repackflags
-m::
--merge::
@@ -304,7 +304,7 @@ used to track branches across multiple SVN _repositories_.
This option may be specified multiple times, once for each
branch.
-repo-config key: svn.branch
+config key: svn.branch
-i<GIT_SVN_ID>::
--id <GIT_SVN_ID>::
@@ -320,7 +320,7 @@ for more information on using GIT_SVN_ID.
started tracking a branch and never tracked the trunk it was
descended from.
-repo-config key: svn.followparent
+config key: svn.followparent
--no-metadata::
This gets rid of the git-svn-id: lines at the end of every commit.
@@ -332,7 +332,7 @@ repo-config key: svn.followparent
The 'git-svn log' command will not work on repositories using this,
either.
-repo-config key: svn.nometadata
+config key: svn.nometadata
--
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
index 5bbae42..b161c8b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
@@ -289,7 +289,7 @@ Configuration
The command honors `core.filemode` configuration variable. If
your repository is on an filesystem whose executable bits are
-unreliable, this should be set to 'false' (see gitlink:git-repo-config[1]).
+unreliable, this should be set to 'false' (see gitlink:git-config[1]).
This causes the command to ignore differences in file modes recorded
in the index and the file mode on the filesystem if they differ only on
executable bit. On such an unfortunate filesystem, you may
@@ -301,7 +301,7 @@ The command looks at `core.ignorestat` configuration variable. See
See Also
--------
-gitlink:git-repo-config[1]
+gitlink:git-config[1]
Author
diff --git a/Documentation/git-var.txt b/Documentation/git-var.txt
index 8a50638..9b0de1c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-var.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-var.txt
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ OPTIONS
Cause the logical variables to be listed. In addition, all the
variables of the git configuration file .git/config are listed
as well. (However, the configuration variables listing functionality
- is deprecated in favor of `git-repo-config -l`.)
+ is deprecated in favor of `git-config -l`.)
EXAMPLE
--------
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ See Also
--------
gitlink:git-commit-tree[1]
gitlink:git-tag[1]
-gitlink:git-repo-config[1]
+gitlink:git-config[1]
Author
------
diff --git a/Documentation/git.txt b/Documentation/git.txt
index 9761de3..29ee24c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git.txt
@@ -22,9 +22,12 @@ See this link:tutorial.html[tutorial] to get started, then see
link:everyday.html[Everyday Git] for a useful minimum set of commands, and
"man git-commandname" for documentation of each command. CVS users may
also want to read link:cvs-migration.html[CVS migration].
+link:user-manual.html[Git User's Manual] is still work in
+progress, but when finished hopefully it will guide a new user
+in a coherent way to git enlightenment ;-).
The COMMAND is either a name of a Git command (see below) or an alias
-as defined in the configuration file (see gitlink:git-repo-config[1]).
+as defined in the configuration file (see gitlink:git-config[1]).
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/gitk.txt b/Documentation/gitk.txt
index 5bdaa60..48c5894 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitk.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitk.txt
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ frequently used options.
Limit commits to the ones touching files in the given paths. Note, to
avoid ambiguity wrt. revision names use "--" to separate the paths
- from any preceeding options.
+ from any preceding options.
Examples
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/hooks.txt b/Documentation/hooks.txt
index e3b76f9..b083290 100644
--- a/Documentation/hooks.txt
+++ b/Documentation/hooks.txt
@@ -90,9 +90,6 @@ parameter, and is invoked after a commit is made.
This hook is meant primarily for notification, and cannot affect
the outcome of `git-commit`.
-The default 'post-commit' hook, when enabled, demonstrates how to
-send out a commit notification e-mail.
-
update
------
@@ -130,6 +127,8 @@ The standard output of this hook is sent to `stderr`, so if you
want to report something to the `git-send-pack` on the other end,
you can simply `echo` your messages.
+The default 'update' hook, when enabled, demonstrates how to
+send out a notification e-mail.
post-update
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt b/Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt
index a202f3a..8eadc20 100644
--- a/Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt
+++ b/Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt
@@ -205,7 +205,7 @@ To check whether all is OK, do:
Now, add the remote in your existing repository which contains the project
you want to export:
- $ git-repo-config remote.upload.url \
+ $ git-config remote.upload.url \
http://<username>@<servername>/my-new-repo.git/
It is important to put the last '/'; Without it, the server will send
@@ -222,7 +222,7 @@ From your client repository, do
This pushes branch 'master' (which is assumed to be the branch you
want to export) to repository called 'upload', which we previously
-defined with git-repo-config.
+defined with git-config.
Troubleshooting:
diff --git a/Documentation/tutorial-2.txt b/Documentation/tutorial-2.txt
index f363d17..8d89992 100644
--- a/Documentation/tutorial-2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/tutorial-2.txt
@@ -352,24 +352,23 @@ situation:
------------------------------------------------
$ git status
-#
-# Added but not yet committed:
-# (will commit)
+# On branch master
+# Changes to be committed:
+# (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage)
#
# new file: closing.txt
#
-#
-# Changed but not added:
-# (use "git add file1 file2" to include for commit)
+# Changed but not updated:
+# (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
#
# modified: file.txt
#
------------------------------------------------
Since the current state of closing.txt is cached in the index file,
-it is listed as "added but not yet committed". Since file.txt has
+it is listed as "Changes to be committed". Since file.txt has
changes in the working directory that aren't reflected in the index,
-it is marked "changed but not added". At this point, running "git
+it is marked "changed but not updated". At this point, running "git
commit" would create a commit that added closing.txt (with its new
contents), but that didn't modify file.txt.
diff --git a/Documentation/tutorial.txt b/Documentation/tutorial.txt
index c27a450..5fc5be5 100644
--- a/Documentation/tutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/tutorial.txt
@@ -16,8 +16,8 @@ public email address before doing any operation. The easiest
way to do so is:
------------------------------------------------
-$ git repo-config --global user.name "Your Name Comes Here"
-$ git repo-config --global user.email you@yourdomain.example.com
+$ git config --global user.name "Your Name Comes Here"
+$ git config --global user.email you@yourdomain.example.com
------------------------------------------------
@@ -101,27 +101,27 @@ want to commit together. This can be done in a few different ways:
1) By using 'git add <file_spec>...'
- This can be performed multiple times before a commit. Note that this
- is not only for adding new files. Even modified files must be
- added to the set of changes about to be committed. The "git status"
- command gives you a summary of what is included so far for the
- next commit. When done you should use the 'git commit' command to
- make it real.
+This can be performed multiple times before a commit. Note that this
+is not only for adding new files. Even modified files must be
+added to the set of changes about to be committed. The "git status"
+command gives you a summary of what is included so far for the
+next commit. When done you should use the 'git commit' command to
+make it real.
- Note: don't forget to 'add' a file again if you modified it after the
- first 'add' and before 'commit'. Otherwise only the previous added
- state of that file will be committed. This is because git tracks
- content, so what you're really 'add'ing to the commit is the *content*
- of the file in the state it is in when you 'add' it.
+Note: don't forget to 'add' a file again if you modified it after the
+first 'add' and before 'commit'. Otherwise only the previous added
+state of that file will be committed. This is because git tracks
+content, so what you're really 'add'ing to the commit is the *content*
+of the file in the state it is in when you 'add' it.
2) By using 'git commit -a' directly
- This is a quick way to automatically 'add' the content from all files
- that were modified since the previous commit, and perform the actual
- commit without having to separately 'add' them beforehand. This will
- not add content from new files i.e. files that were never added before.
- Those files still have to be added explicitly before performing a
- commit.
+This is a quick way to automatically 'add' the content from all files
+that were modified since the previous commit, and perform the actual
+commit without having to separately 'add' them beforehand. This will
+not add content from new files i.e. files that were never added before.
+Those files still have to be added explicitly before performing a
+commit.
But here's a twist. If you do 'git commit <file1> <file2> ...' then only
the changes belonging to those explicitly specified files will be
@@ -353,12 +353,12 @@ repository in the repository configuration, and that location is
used for pulls:
-------------------------------------
-$ git repo-config --get remote.origin.url
+$ git config --get remote.origin.url
/home/bob/myrepo
-------------------------------------
(The complete configuration created by git-clone is visible using
-"git repo-config -l", and the gitlink:git-repo-config[1] man page
+"git config -l", and the gitlink:git-config[1] man page
explains the meaning of each option.)
Git also keeps a pristine copy of Alice's master branch under the
@@ -458,9 +458,9 @@ $ git reset --hard HEAD^ # reset your current branch and working
Be careful with that last command: in addition to losing any changes
in the working directory, it will also remove all later commits from
this branch. If this branch is the only branch containing those
-commits, they will be lost. (Also, don't use "git reset" on a
-publicly-visible branch that other developers pull from, as git will
-be confused by history that disappears in this way.)
+commits, they will be lost. Also, don't use "git reset" on a
+publicly-visible branch that other developers pull from, as it will
+force needless merges on other developers to clean up the history.
The git grep command can search for strings in any version of your
project, so
diff --git a/Documentation/user-manual.conf b/Documentation/user-manual.conf
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..92b01ecf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/user-manual.conf
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+[titles]
+ underlines="__","==","--","~~","^^"
+
+[attributes]
+caret=^
+startsb=&#91;
+endsb=&#93;
+tilde=&#126;
+
+[gitlink-inlinemacro]
+<ulink url="{target}.html">{target}{0?({0})}</ulink>
+
+ifdef::backend-docbook[]
+# "unbreak" docbook-xsl v1.68 for manpages. v1.69 works with or without this.
+[listingblock]
+<example><title>{title}</title>
+<literallayout>
+|
+</literallayout>
+{title#}</example>
+endif::backend-docbook[]
diff --git a/Documentation/user-manual.txt b/Documentation/user-manual.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c5e9ea8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/user-manual.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,2961 @@
+Git User's Manual
+_________________
+
+This manual is designed to be readable by someone with basic unix
+commandline skills, but no previous knowledge of git.
+
+Chapter 1 gives a brief overview of git commands, without any
+explanation; you may prefer to skip to chapter 2 on a first reading.
+
+Chapters 2 and 3 explain how to fetch and study a project using
+git--the tools you'd need to build and test a particular version of a
+software project, to search for regressions, and so on.
+
+Chapter 4 explains how to do development with git, and chapter 5 how
+to share that development with others.
+
+Further chapters cover more specialized topics.
+
+Comprehensive reference documentation is available through the man
+pages. For a command such as "git clone", just use
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ man git-clone
+------------------------------------------------
+
+Git Quick Start
+===============
+
+This is a quick summary of the major commands; the following chapters
+will explain how these work in more detail.
+
+Creating a new repository
+-------------------------
+
+From a tarball:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ tar xzf project.tar.gz
+$ cd project
+$ git init
+Initialized empty Git repository in .git/
+$ git add .
+$ git commit
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+From a remote repository:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git clone git://example.com/pub/project.git
+$ cd project
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Managing branches
+-----------------
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git branch # list all branches in this repo
+$ git checkout test # switch working directory to branch "test"
+$ git branch new # create branch "new" starting at current HEAD
+$ git branch -d new # delete branch "new"
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Instead of basing new branch on current HEAD (the default), use:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git branch new test # branch named "test"
+$ git branch new v2.6.15 # tag named v2.6.15
+$ git branch new HEAD^ # commit before the most recent
+$ git branch new HEAD^^ # commit before that
+$ git branch new test~10 # ten commits before tip of branch "test"
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Create and switch to a new branch at the same time:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git checkout -b new v2.6.15
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Update and examine branches from the repository you cloned from:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git fetch # update
+$ git branch -r # list
+ origin/master
+ origin/next
+ ...
+$ git branch checkout -b masterwork origin/master
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Fetch a branch from a different repository, and give it a new
+name in your repository:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git fetch git://example.com/project.git theirbranch:mybranch
+$ git fetch git://example.com/project.git v2.6.15:mybranch
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Keep a list of repositories you work with regularly:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git remote add example git://example.com/project.git
+$ git remote # list remote repositories
+example
+origin
+$ git remote show example # get details
+* remote example
+ URL: git://example.com/project.git
+ Tracked remote branches
+ master next ...
+$ git fetch example # update branches from example
+$ git branch -r # list all remote branches
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+
+Exploring history
+-----------------
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ gitk # visualize and browse history
+$ git log # list all commits
+$ git log src/ # ...modifying src/
+$ git log v2.6.15..v2.6.16 # ...in v2.6.16, not in v2.6.15
+$ git log master..test # ...in branch test, not in branch master
+$ git log test..master # ...in branch master, but not in test
+$ git log test...master # ...in one branch, not in both
+$ git log -S'foo()' # ...where difference contain "foo()"
+$ git log --since="2 weeks ago"
+$ git log -p # show patches as well
+$ git show # most recent commit
+$ git diff v2.6.15..v2.6.16 # diff between two tagged versions
+$ git diff v2.6.15..HEAD # diff with current head
+$ git grep "foo()" # search working directory for "foo()"
+$ git grep v2.6.15 "foo()" # search old tree for "foo()"
+$ git show v2.6.15:a.txt # look at old version of a.txt
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Search for regressions:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git bisect start
+$ git bisect bad # current version is bad
+$ git bisect good v2.6.13-rc2 # last known good revision
+Bisecting: 675 revisions left to test after this
+ # test here, then:
+$ git bisect good # if this revision is good, or
+$ git bisect bad # if this revision is bad.
+ # repeat until done.
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Making changes
+--------------
+
+Make sure git knows who to blame:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ cat >~/.gitconfig <<\EOF
+[user]
+name = Your Name Comes Here
+email = you@yourdomain.example.com
+EOF
+------------------------------------------------
+
+Select file contents to include in the next commit, then make the
+commit:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git add a.txt # updated file
+$ git add b.txt # new file
+$ git rm c.txt # old file
+$ git commit
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Or, prepare and create the commit in one step:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git commit d.txt # use latest content only of d.txt
+$ git commit -a # use latest content of all tracked files
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Merging
+-------
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git merge test # merge branch "test" into the current branch
+$ git pull git://example.com/project.git master
+ # fetch and merge in remote branch
+$ git pull . test # equivalent to git merge test
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Sharing your changes
+--------------------
+
+Importing or exporting patches:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git format-patch origin..HEAD # format a patch for each commit
+ # in HEAD but not in origin
+$ git-am mbox # import patches from the mailbox "mbox"
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Fetch a branch in a different git repository, then merge into the
+current branch:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git pull git://example.com/project.git theirbranch
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Store the fetched branch into a local branch before merging into the
+current branch:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git pull git://example.com/project.git theirbranch:mybranch
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+After creating commits on a local branch, update the remote
+branch with your commits:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git push ssh://example.com/project.git mybranch:theirbranch
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+When remote and local branch are both named "test":
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git push ssh://example.com/project.git test
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Shortcut version for a frequently used remote repository:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git remote add example ssh://example.com/project.git
+$ git push example test
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Repository maintenance
+----------------------
+
+Check for corruption:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git fsck
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Recompress, remove unused cruft:
+
+-----------------------------------------------
+$ git gc
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+Repositories and Branches
+=========================
+
+How to get a git repository
+---------------------------
+
+It will be useful to have a git repository to experiment with as you
+read this manual.
+
+The best way to get one is by using the gitlink:git-clone[1] command
+to download a copy of an existing repository for a project that you
+are interested in. If you don't already have a project in mind, here
+are some interesting examples:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+ # git itself (approx. 10MB download):
+$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git
+ # the linux kernel (approx. 150MB download):
+$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git
+------------------------------------------------
+
+The initial clone may be time-consuming for a large project, but you
+will only need to clone once.
+
+The clone command creates a new directory named after the project
+("git" or "linux-2.6" in the examples above). After you cd into this
+directory, you will see that it contains a copy of the project files,
+together with a special top-level directory named ".git", which
+contains all the information about the history of the project.
+
+In most of the following, examples will be taken from one of the two
+repositories above.
+
+How to check out a different version of a project
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Git is best thought of as a tool for storing the history of a
+collection of files. It stores the history as a compressed
+collection of interrelated snapshots (versions) of the project's
+contents.
+
+A single git repository may contain multiple branches. Each branch
+is a bookmark referencing a particular point in the project history.
+The gitlink:git-branch[1] command shows you the list of branches:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git branch
+* master
+------------------------------------------------
+
+A freshly cloned repository contains a single branch, named "master",
+and the working directory contains the version of the project
+referred to by the master branch.
+
+Most projects also use tags. Tags, like branches, are references
+into the project's history, and can be listed using the
+gitlink:git-tag[1] command:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git tag -l
+v2.6.11
+v2.6.11-tree
+v2.6.12
+v2.6.12-rc2
+v2.6.12-rc3
+v2.6.12-rc4
+v2.6.12-rc5
+v2.6.12-rc6
+v2.6.13
+...
+------------------------------------------------
+
+Tags are expected to always point at the same version of a project,
+while branches are expected to advance as development progresses.
+
+Create a new branch pointing to one of these versions and check it
+out using gitlink:git-checkout[1]:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git checkout -b new v2.6.13
+------------------------------------------------
+
+The working directory then reflects the contents that the project had
+when it was tagged v2.6.13, and gitlink:git-branch[1] shows two
+branches, with an asterisk marking the currently checked-out branch:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git branch
+ master
+* new
+------------------------------------------------
+
+If you decide that you'd rather see version 2.6.17, you can modify
+the current branch to point at v2.6.17 instead, with
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git reset --hard v2.6.17
+------------------------------------------------
+
+Note that if the current branch was your only reference to a
+particular point in history, then resetting that branch may leave you
+with no way to find the history it used to point to; so use this
+command carefully.
+
+Understanding History: Commits
+------------------------------
+
+Every change in the history of a project is represented by a commit.
+The gitlink:git-show[1] command shows the most recent commit on the
+current branch:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git show
+commit 2b5f6dcce5bf94b9b119e9ed8d537098ec61c3d2
+Author: Jamal Hadi Salim <hadi@cyberus.ca>
+Date: Sat Dec 2 22:22:25 2006 -0800
+
+ [XFRM]: Fix aevent structuring to be more complete.
+
+ aevents can not uniquely identify an SA. We break the ABI with this
+ patch, but consensus is that since it is not yet utilized by any
+ (known) application then it is fine (better do it now than later).
+
+ Signed-off-by: Jamal Hadi Salim <hadi@cyberus.ca>
+ Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
+
+diff --git a/Documentation/networking/xfrm_sync.txt b/Documentation/networking/xfrm_sync.txt
+index 8be626f..d7aac9d 100644
+--- a/Documentation/networking/xfrm_sync.txt
++++ b/Documentation/networking/xfrm_sync.txt
+@@ -47,10 +47,13 @@ aevent_id structure looks like:
+
+ struct xfrm_aevent_id {
+ struct xfrm_usersa_id sa_id;
++ xfrm_address_t saddr;
+ __u32 flags;
++ __u32 reqid;
+ };
+...
+------------------------------------------------
+
+As you can see, a commit shows who made the latest change, what they
+did, and why.
+
+Every commit has a 40-hexdigit id, sometimes called the "object name"
+or the "SHA1 id", shown on the first line of the "git show" output.
+You can usually refer to a commit by a shorter name, such as a tag or a
+branch name, but this longer name can also be useful. Most
+importantly, it is a globally unique name for this commit: so if you
+tell somebody else the object name (for example in email), then you are
+guaranteed that name will refer to the same commit in their repository
+that it does in yours (assuming their repository has that commit at
+all).
+
+Understanding history: commits, parents, and reachability
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Every commit (except the very first commit in a project) also has a
+parent commit which shows what happened before this commit.
+Following the chain of parents will eventually take you back to the
+beginning of the project.
+
+However, the commits do not form a simple list; git allows lines of
+development to diverge and then reconverge, and the point where two
+lines of development reconverge is called a "merge". The commit
+representing a merge can therefore have more than one parent, with
+each parent representing the most recent commit on one of the lines
+of development leading to that point.
+
+The best way to see how this works is using the gitlink:gitk[1]
+command; running gitk now on a git repository and looking for merge
+commits will help understand how the git organizes history.
+
+In the following, we say that commit X is "reachable" from commit Y
+if commit X is an ancestor of commit Y. Equivalently, you could say
+that Y is a descendent of X, or that there is a chain of parents
+leading from commit Y to commit X.
+
+Understanding history: History diagrams
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+We will sometimes represent git history using diagrams like the one
+below. Commits are shown as "o", and the links between them with
+lines drawn with - / and \. Time goes left to right:
+
+ o--o--o <-- Branch A
+ /
+ o--o--o <-- master
+ \
+ o--o--o <-- Branch B
+
+If we need to talk about a particular commit, the character "o" may
+be replaced with another letter or number.
+
+Understanding history: What is a branch?
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Though we've been using the word "branch" to mean a kind of reference
+to a particular commit, the word branch is also commonly used to
+refer to the line of commits leading up to that point. In the
+example above, git may think of the branch named "A" as just a
+pointer to one particular commit, but we may refer informally to the
+line of three commits leading up to that point as all being part of
+"branch A".
+
+If we need to make it clear that we're just talking about the most
+recent commit on the branch, we may refer to that commit as the
+"head" of the branch.
+
+Manipulating branches
+---------------------
+
+Creating, deleting, and modifying branches is quick and easy; here's
+a summary of the commands:
+
+git branch::
+ list all branches
+git branch <branch>::
+ create a new branch named <branch>, referencing the same
+ point in history as the current branch
+git branch <branch> <start-point>::
+ create a new branch named <branch>, referencing
+ <start-point>, which may be specified any way you like,
+ including using a branch name or a tag name
+git branch -d <branch>::
+ delete the branch <branch>; if the branch you are deleting
+ points to a commit which is not reachable from this branch,
+ this command will fail with a warning.
+git branch -D <branch>::
+ even if the branch points to a commit not reachable
+ from the current branch, you may know that that commit
+ is still reachable from some other branch or tag. In that
+ case it is safe to use this command to force git to delete
+ the branch.
+git checkout <branch>::
+ make the current branch <branch>, updating the working
+ directory to reflect the version referenced by <branch>
+git checkout -b <new> <start-point>::
+ create a new branch <new> referencing <start-point>, and
+ check it out.
+
+It is also useful to know that the special symbol "HEAD" can always
+be used to refer to the current branch.
+
+Examining branches from a remote repository
+-------------------------------------------
+
+The "master" branch that was created at the time you cloned is a copy
+of the HEAD in the repository that you cloned from. That repository
+may also have had other branches, though, and your local repository
+keeps branches which track each of those remote branches, which you
+can view using the "-r" option to gitlink:git-branch[1]:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git branch -r
+ origin/HEAD
+ origin/html
+ origin/maint
+ origin/man
+ origin/master
+ origin/next
+ origin/pu
+ origin/todo
+------------------------------------------------
+
+You cannot check out these remote-tracking branches, but you can
+examine them on a branch of your own, just as you would a tag:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git checkout -b my-todo-copy origin/todo
+------------------------------------------------
+
+Note that the name "origin" is just the name that git uses by default
+to refer to the repository that you cloned from.
+
+[[how-git-stores-references]]
+Naming branches, tags, and other references
+-------------------------------------------
+
+Branches, remote-tracking branches, and tags are all references to
+commits. All references are named with a slash-separated path name
+starting with "refs"; the names we've been using so far are actually
+shorthand:
+
+ - The branch "test" is short for "refs/heads/test".
+ - The tag "v2.6.18" is short for "refs/tags/v2.6.18".
+ - "origin/master" is short for "refs/remotes/origin/master".
+
+The full name is occasionally useful if, for example, there ever
+exists a tag and a branch with the same name.
+
+As another useful shortcut, if the repository "origin" posesses only
+a single branch, you can refer to that branch as just "origin".
+
+More generally, if you have defined a remote repository named
+"example", you can refer to the branch in that repository as
+"example". And for a repository with multiple branches, this will
+refer to the branch designated as the "HEAD" branch.
+
+For the complete list of paths which git checks for references, and
+the order it uses to decide which to choose when there are multiple
+references with the same shorthand name, see the "SPECIFYING
+REVISIONS" section of gitlink:git-rev-parse[1].
+
+[[Updating-a-repository-with-git-fetch]]
+Updating a repository with git fetch
+------------------------------------
+
+Eventually the developer cloned from will do additional work in her
+repository, creating new commits and advancing the branches to point
+at the new commits.
+
+The command "git fetch", with no arguments, will update all of the
+remote-tracking branches to the latest version found in her
+repository. It will not touch any of your own branches--not even the
+"master" branch that was created for you on clone.
+
+Fetching branches from other repositories
+-----------------------------------------
+
+You can also track branches from repositories other than the one you
+cloned from, using gitlink:git-remote[1]:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git remote add linux-nfs git://linux-nfs.org/pub/nfs-2.6.git
+$ git fetch
+* refs/remotes/linux-nfs/master: storing branch 'master' ...
+ commit: bf81b46
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+New remote-tracking branches will be stored under the shorthand name
+that you gave "git remote add", in this case linux-nfs:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git branch -r
+linux-nfs/master
+origin/master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+If you run "git fetch <remote>" later, the tracking branches for the
+named <remote> will be updated.
+
+If you examine the file .git/config, you will see that git has added
+a new stanza:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ cat .git/config
+...
+[remote "linux-nfs"]
+ url = git://linux-nfs.org/~bfields/git.git
+ fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/linux-nfs-read/*
+...
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+This is what causes git to track the remote's branches; you may modify
+or delete these configuration options by editing .git/config with a
+text editor. (See the "CONFIGURATION FILE" section of
+gitlink:git-config[1] for details.)
+
+Exploring git history
+=====================
+
+Git is best thought of as a tool for storing the history of a
+collection of files. It does this by storing compressed snapshots of
+the contents of a file heirarchy, together with "commits" which show
+the relationships between these snapshots.
+
+Git provides extremely flexible and fast tools for exploring the
+history of a project.
+
+We start with one specialized tool that is useful for finding the
+commit that introduced a bug into a project.
+
+How to use bisect to find a regression
+--------------------------------------
+
+Suppose version 2.6.18 of your project worked, but the version at
+"master" crashes. Sometimes the best way to find the cause of such a
+regression is to perform a brute-force search through the project's
+history to find the particular commit that caused the problem. The
+gitlink:git-bisect[1] command can help you do this:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git bisect start
+$ git bisect good v2.6.18
+$ git bisect bad master
+Bisecting: 3537 revisions left to test after this
+[65934a9a028b88e83e2b0f8b36618fe503349f8e] BLOCK: Make USB storage depend on SCSI rather than selecting it [try #6]
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+If you run "git branch" at this point, you'll see that git has
+temporarily moved you to a new branch named "bisect". This branch
+points to a commit (with commit id 65934...) that is reachable from
+v2.6.19 but not from v2.6.18. Compile and test it, and see whether
+it crashes. Assume it does crash. Then:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git bisect bad
+Bisecting: 1769 revisions left to test after this
+[7eff82c8b1511017ae605f0c99ac275a7e21b867] i2c-core: Drop useless bitmaskings
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+checks out an older version. Continue like this, telling git at each
+stage whether the version it gives you is good or bad, and notice
+that the number of revisions left to test is cut approximately in
+half each time.
+
+After about 13 tests (in this case), it will output the commit id of
+the guilty commit. You can then examine the commit with
+gitlink:git-show[1], find out who wrote it, and mail them your bug
+report with the commit id. Finally, run
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git bisect reset
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+to return you to the branch you were on before and delete the
+temporary "bisect" branch.
+
+Note that the version which git-bisect checks out for you at each
+point is just a suggestion, and you're free to try a different
+version if you think it would be a good idea. For example,
+occasionally you may land on a commit that broke something unrelated;
+run
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git bisect-visualize
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+which will run gitk and label the commit it chose with a marker that
+says "bisect". Chose a safe-looking commit nearby, note its commit
+id, and check it out with:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git reset --hard fb47ddb2db...
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+then test, run "bisect good" or "bisect bad" as appropriate, and
+continue.
+
+Naming commits
+--------------
+
+We have seen several ways of naming commits already:
+
+ - 40-hexdigit object name
+ - branch name: refers to the commit at the head of the given
+ branch
+ - tag name: refers to the commit pointed to by the given tag
+ (we've seen branches and tags are special cases of
+ <<how-git-stores-references,references>>).
+ - HEAD: refers to the head of the current branch
+
+There are many more; see the "SPECIFYING REVISIONS" section of the
+gitlink:git-rev-parse[1] man page for the complete list of ways to
+name revisions. Some examples:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git show fb47ddb2 # the first few characters of the object name
+ # are usually enough to specify it uniquely
+$ git show HEAD^ # the parent of the HEAD commit
+$ git show HEAD^^ # the grandparent
+$ git show HEAD~4 # the great-great-grandparent
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Recall that merge commits may have more than one parent; by default,
+^ and ~ follow the first parent listed in the commit, but you can
+also choose:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git show HEAD^1 # show the first parent of HEAD
+$ git show HEAD^2 # show the second parent of HEAD
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+In addition to HEAD, there are several other special names for
+commits:
+
+Merges (to be discussed later), as well as operations such as
+git-reset, which change the currently checked-out commit, generally
+set ORIG_HEAD to the value HEAD had before the current operation.
+
+The git-fetch operation always stores the head of the last fetched
+branch in FETCH_HEAD. For example, if you run git fetch without
+specifying a local branch as the target of the operation
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git fetch git://example.com/proj.git theirbranch
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+the fetched commits will still be available from FETCH_HEAD.
+
+When we discuss merges we'll also see the special name MERGE_HEAD,
+which refers to the other branch that we're merging in to the current
+branch.
+
+The gitlink:git-rev-parse[1] command is a low-level command that is
+occasionally useful for translating some name for a commit to the object
+name for that commit:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git rev-parse origin
+e05db0fd4f31dde7005f075a84f96b360d05984b
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Creating tags
+-------------
+
+We can also create a tag to refer to a particular commit; after
+running
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-tag stable-1 1b2e1d63ff
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+You can use stable-1 to refer to the commit 1b2e1d63ff.
+
+This creates a "lightweight" tag. If the tag is a tag you wish to
+share with others, and possibly sign cryptographically, then you
+should create a tag object instead; see the gitlink:git-tag[1] man
+page for details.
+
+Browsing revisions
+------------------
+
+The gitlink:git-log[1] command can show lists of commits. On its
+own, it shows all commits reachable from the parent commit; but you
+can also make more specific requests:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git log v2.5.. # commits since (not reachable from) v2.5
+$ git log test..master # commits reachable from master but not test
+$ git log master..test # ...reachable from test but not master
+$ git log master...test # ...reachable from either test or master,
+ # but not both
+$ git log --since="2 weeks ago" # commits from the last 2 weeks
+$ git log Makefile # commits which modify Makefile
+$ git log fs/ # ... which modify any file under fs/
+$ git log -S'foo()' # commits which add or remove any file data
+ # matching the string 'foo()'
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+And of course you can combine all of these; the following finds
+commits since v2.5 which touch the Makefile or any file under fs:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git log v2.5.. Makefile fs/
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+You can also ask git log to show patches:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git log -p
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+See the "--pretty" option in the gitlink:git-log[1] man page for more
+display options.
+
+Note that git log starts with the most recent commit and works
+backwards through the parents; however, since git history can contain
+multiple independent lines of development, the particular order that
+commits are listed in may be somewhat arbitrary.
+
+Generating diffs
+----------------
+
+You can generate diffs between any two versions using
+gitlink:git-diff[1]:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git diff master..test
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Sometimes what you want instead is a set of patches:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git format-patch master..test
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+will generate a file with a patch for each commit reachable from test
+but not from master. Note that if master also has commits which are
+not reachable from test, then the combined result of these patches
+will not be the same as the diff produced by the git-diff example.
+
+Viewing old file versions
+-------------------------
+
+You can always view an old version of a file by just checking out the
+correct revision first. But sometimes it is more convenient to be
+able to view an old version of a single file without checking
+anything out; this command does that:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git show v2.5:fs/locks.c
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Before the colon may be anything that names a commit, and after it
+may be any path to a file tracked by git.
+
+Examples
+--------
+
+Check whether two branches point at the same history
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Suppose you want to check whether two branches point at the same point
+in history.
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git diff origin..master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+will tell you whether the contents of the project are the same at the
+two branches; in theory, however, it's possible that the same project
+contents could have been arrived at by two different historical
+routes. You could compare the object names:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git rev-list origin
+e05db0fd4f31dde7005f075a84f96b360d05984b
+$ git rev-list master
+e05db0fd4f31dde7005f075a84f96b360d05984b
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Or you could recall that the ... operator selects all commits
+contained reachable from either one reference or the other but not
+both: so
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git log origin...master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+will return no commits when the two branches are equal.
+
+Find first tagged version including a given fix
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Suppose you know that the commit e05db0fd fixed a certain problem.
+You'd like to find the earliest tagged release that contains that
+fix.
+
+Of course, there may be more than one answer--if the history branched
+after commit e05db0fd, then there could be multiple "earliest" tagged
+releases.
+
+You could just visually inspect the commits since e05db0fd:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ gitk e05db0fd..
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Or you can use gitlink:git-name-rev[1], which will give the commit a
+name based on any tag it finds pointing to one of the commit's
+descendants:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git name-rev e05db0fd
+e05db0fd tags/v1.5.0-rc1^0~23
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+The gitlink:git-describe[1] command does the opposite, naming the
+revision using a tag on which the given commit is based:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git describe e05db0fd
+v1.5.0-rc0-ge05db0f
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+but that may sometimes help you guess which tags might come after the
+given commit.
+
+If you just want to verify whether a given tagged version contains a
+given commit, you could use gitlink:git-merge-base[1]:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git merge-base e05db0fd v1.5.0-rc1
+e05db0fd4f31dde7005f075a84f96b360d05984b
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+The merge-base command finds a common ancestor of the given commits,
+and always returns one or the other in the case where one is a
+descendant of the other; so the above output shows that e05db0fd
+actually is an ancestor of v1.5.0-rc1.
+
+Alternatively, note that
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git log v1.5.0-rc1..e05db0fd
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+will produce empty output if and only if v1.5.0-rc1 includes e05db0fd,
+because it outputs only commits that are not reachable from v1.5.0-rc1.
+
+As yet another alternative, the gitlink:git-show-branch[1] command lists
+the commits reachable from its arguments with a display on the left-hand
+side that indicates which arguments that commit is reachable from. So,
+you can run something like
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git show-branch e05db0fd v1.5.0-rc0 v1.5.0-rc1 v1.5.0-rc2
+! [e05db0fd] Fix warnings in sha1_file.c - use C99 printf format if
+available
+ ! [v1.5.0-rc0] GIT v1.5.0 preview
+ ! [v1.5.0-rc1] GIT v1.5.0-rc1
+ ! [v1.5.0-rc2] GIT v1.5.0-rc2
+...
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+then search for a line that looks like
+
+-------------------------------------------------
++ ++ [e05db0fd] Fix warnings in sha1_file.c - use C99 printf format if
+available
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Which shows that e05db0fd is reachable from itself, from v1.5.0-rc1, and
+from v1.5.0-rc2, but not from v1.5.0-rc0.
+
+
+Developing with git
+===================
+
+Telling git your name
+---------------------
+
+Before creating any commits, you should introduce yourself to git. The
+easiest way to do so is:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ cat >~/.gitconfig <<\EOF
+[user]
+ name = Your Name Comes Here
+ email = you@yourdomain.example.com
+EOF
+------------------------------------------------
+
+(See the "CONFIGURATION FILE" section of gitlink:git-config[1] for
+details on the configuration file.)
+
+
+Creating a new repository
+-------------------------
+
+Creating a new repository from scratch is very easy:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ mkdir project
+$ cd project
+$ git init
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+If you have some initial content (say, a tarball):
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ tar -xzvf project.tar.gz
+$ cd project
+$ git init
+$ git add . # include everything below ./ in the first commit:
+$ git commit
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+[[how-to-make-a-commit]]
+how to make a commit
+--------------------
+
+Creating a new commit takes three steps:
+
+ 1. Making some changes to the working directory using your
+ favorite editor.
+ 2. Telling git about your changes.
+ 3. Creating the commit using the content you told git about
+ in step 2.
+
+In practice, you can interleave and repeat steps 1 and 2 as many
+times as you want: in order to keep track of what you want committed
+at step 3, git maintains a snapshot of the tree's contents in a
+special staging area called "the index."
+
+At the beginning, the content of the index will be identical to
+that of the HEAD. The command "git diff --cached", which shows
+the difference between the HEAD and the index, should therefore
+produce no output at that point.
+
+Modifying the index is easy:
+
+To update the index with the new contents of a modified file, use
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git add path/to/file
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+To add the contents of a new file to the index, use
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git add path/to/file
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+To remove a file from the index and from the working tree,
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git rm path/to/file
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+After each step you can verify that
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git diff --cached
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+always shows the difference between the HEAD and the index file--this
+is what you'd commit if you created the commit now--and that
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git diff
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+shows the difference between the working tree and the index file.
+
+Note that "git add" always adds just the current contents of a file
+to the index; further changes to the same file will be ignored unless
+you run git-add on the file again.
+
+When you're ready, just run
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git commit
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+and git will prompt you for a commit message and then create the new
+commit. Check to make sure it looks like what you expected with
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git show
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+As a special shortcut,
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git commit -a
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+will update the index with any files that you've modified or removed
+and create a commit, all in one step.
+
+A number of commands are useful for keeping track of what you're
+about to commit:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git diff --cached # difference between HEAD and the index; what
+ # would be commited if you ran "commit" now.
+$ git diff # difference between the index file and your
+ # working directory; changes that would not
+ # be included if you ran "commit" now.
+$ git status # a brief per-file summary of the above.
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+creating good commit messages
+-----------------------------
+
+Though not required, it's a good idea to begin the commit message
+with a single short (less than 50 character) line summarizing the
+change, followed by a blank line and then a more thorough
+description. Tools that turn commits into email, for example, use
+the first line on the Subject line and the rest of the commit in the
+body.
+
+how to merge
+------------
+
+You can rejoin two diverging branches of development using
+gitlink:git-merge[1]:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git merge branchname
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+merges the development in the branch "branchname" into the current
+branch. If there are conflicts--for example, if the same file is
+modified in two different ways in the remote branch and the local
+branch--then you are warned; the output may look something like this:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git pull . next
+Trying really trivial in-index merge...
+fatal: Merge requires file-level merging
+Nope.
+Merging HEAD with 77976da35a11db4580b80ae27e8d65caf5208086
+Merging:
+15e2162 world
+77976da goodbye
+found 1 common ancestor(s):
+d122ed4 initial
+Auto-merging file.txt
+CONFLICT (content): Merge conflict in file.txt
+Automatic merge failed; fix conflicts and then commit the result.
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Conflict markers are left in the problematic files, and after
+you resolve the conflicts manually, you can update the index
+with the contents and run git commit, as you normally would when
+creating a new file.
+
+If you examine the resulting commit using gitk, you will see that it
+has two parents, one pointing to the top of the current branch, and
+one to the top of the other branch.
+
+In more detail:
+
+[[resolving-a-merge]]
+Resolving a merge
+-----------------
+
+When a merge isn't resolved automatically, git leaves the index and
+the working tree in a special state that gives you all the
+information you need to help resolve the merge.
+
+Files with conflicts are marked specially in the index, so until you
+resolve the problem and update the index, git commit will fail:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git commit
+file.txt: needs merge
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Also, git status will list those files as "unmerged".
+
+All of the changes that git was able to merge automatically are
+already added to the index file, so gitlink:git-diff[1] shows only
+the conflicts. Also, it uses a somewhat unusual syntax:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git diff
+diff --cc file.txt
+index 802992c,2b60207..0000000
+--- a/file.txt
++++ b/file.txt
+@@@ -1,1 -1,1 +1,5 @@@
+++<<<<<<< HEAD:file.txt
+ +Hello world
+++=======
++ Goodbye
+++>>>>>>> 77976da35a11db4580b80ae27e8d65caf5208086:file.txt
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Recall that the commit which will be commited after we resolve this
+conflict will have two parents instead of the usual one: one parent
+will be HEAD, the tip of the current branch; the other will be the
+tip of the other branch, which is stored temporarily in MERGE_HEAD.
+
+The diff above shows the differences between the working-tree version
+of file.txt and two previous version: one version from HEAD, and one
+from MERGE_HEAD. So instead of preceding each line by a single "+"
+or "-", it now uses two columns: the first column is used for
+differences between the first parent and the working directory copy,
+and the second for differences between the second parent and the
+working directory copy. Thus after resolving the conflict in the
+obvious way, the diff will look like:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git diff
+diff --cc file.txt
+index 802992c,2b60207..0000000
+--- a/file.txt
++++ b/file.txt
+@@@ -1,1 -1,1 +1,1 @@@
+- Hello world
+ -Goodbye
+++Goodbye world
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+This shows that our resolved version deleted "Hello world" from the
+first parent, deleted "Goodbye" from the second parent, and added
+"Goodbye world", which was previously absent from both.
+
+The gitlink:git-log[1] command also provides special help for merges:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git log --merge
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+This will list all commits which exist only on HEAD or on MERGE_HEAD,
+and which touch an unmerged file.
+
+We can now add the resolved version to the index and commit:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git add file.txt
+$ git commit
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Note that the commit message will already be filled in for you with
+some information about the merge. Normally you can just use this
+default message unchanged, but you may add additional commentary of
+your own if desired.
+
+[[undoing-a-merge]]
+undoing a merge
+---------------
+
+If you get stuck and decide to just give up and throw the whole mess
+away, you can always return to the pre-merge state with
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git reset --hard HEAD
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Or, if you've already commited the merge that you want to throw away,
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git reset --hard HEAD^
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+However, this last command can be dangerous in some cases--never
+throw away a commit you have already committed if that commit may
+itself have been merged into another branch, as doing so may confuse
+further merges.
+
+Fast-forward merges
+-------------------
+
+There is one special case not mentioned above, which is treated
+differently. Normally, a merge results in a merge commit, with two
+parents, one pointing at each of the two lines of development that
+were merged.
+
+However, if one of the two lines of development is completely
+contained within the other--so every commit present in the one is
+already contained in the other--then git just performs a
+<<fast-forwards,fast forward>>; the head of the current branch is
+moved forward to point at the head of the merged-in branch, without
+any new commits being created.
+
+Fixing mistakes
+---------------
+
+If you've messed up the working tree, but haven't yet committed your
+mistake, you can return the entire working tree to the last committed
+state with
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git reset --hard HEAD
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+If you make a commit that you later wish you hadn't, there are two
+fundamentally different ways to fix the problem:
+
+ 1. You can create a new commit that undoes whatever was done
+ by the previous commit. This is the correct thing if your
+ mistake has already been made public.
+
+ 2. You can go back and modify the old commit. You should
+ never do this if you have already made the history public;
+ git does not normally expect the "history" of a project to
+ change, and cannot correctly perform repeated merges from
+ a branch that has had its history changed.
+
+Fixing a mistake with a new commit
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Creating a new commit that reverts an earlier change is very easy;
+just pass the gitlink:git-revert[1] command a reference to the bad
+commit; for example, to revert the most recent commit:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git revert HEAD
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+This will create a new commit which undoes the change in HEAD. You
+will be given a chance to edit the commit message for the new commit.
+
+You can also revert an earlier change, for example, the next-to-last:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git revert HEAD^
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+In this case git will attempt to undo the old change while leaving
+intact any changes made since then. If more recent changes overlap
+with the changes to be reverted, then you will be asked to fix
+conflicts manually, just as in the case of <<resolving-a-merge,
+resolving a merge>>.
+
+Fixing a mistake by editing history
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+If the problematic commit is the most recent commit, and you have not
+yet made that commit public, then you may just
+<<undoing-a-merge,destroy it using git-reset>>.
+
+Alternatively, you
+can edit the working directory and update the index to fix your
+mistake, just as if you were going to <<how-to-make-a-commit,create a
+new commit>>, then run
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git commit --amend
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+which will replace the old commit by a new commit incorporating your
+changes, giving you a chance to edit the old commit message first.
+
+Again, you should never do this to a commit that may already have
+been merged into another branch; use gitlink:git-revert[1] instead in
+that case.
+
+It is also possible to edit commits further back in the history, but
+this is an advanced topic to be left for
+<<cleaning-up-history,another chapter>>.
+
+Checking out an old version of a file
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+In the process of undoing a previous bad change, you may find it
+useful to check out an older version of a particular file using
+gitlink:git-checkout[1]. We've used git checkout before to switch
+branches, but it has quite different behavior if it is given a path
+name: the command
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git checkout HEAD^ path/to/file
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+replaces path/to/file by the contents it had in the commit HEAD^, and
+also updates the index to match. It does not change branches.
+
+If you just want to look at an old version of the file, without
+modifying the working directory, you can do that with
+gitlink:git-show[1]:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git show HEAD^ path/to/file
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+which will display the given version of the file.
+
+Ensuring good performance
+-------------------------
+
+On large repositories, git depends on compression to keep the history
+information from taking up to much space on disk or in memory.
+
+This compression is not performed automatically. Therefore you
+should occasionally run gitlink:git-gc[1]:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git gc
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+to recompress the archive. This can be very time-consuming, so
+you may prefer to run git-gc when you are not doing other work.
+
+Ensuring reliability
+--------------------
+
+Checking the repository for corruption
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The gitlink:git-fsck[1] command runs a number of self-consistency checks
+on the repository, and reports on any problems. This may take some
+time. The most common warning by far is about "dangling" objects:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git fsck
+dangling commit 7281251ddd2a61e38657c827739c57015671a6b3
+dangling commit 2706a059f258c6b245f298dc4ff2ccd30ec21a63
+dangling commit 13472b7c4b80851a1bc551779171dcb03655e9b5
+dangling blob 218761f9d90712d37a9c5e36f406f92202db07eb
+dangling commit bf093535a34a4d35731aa2bd90fe6b176302f14f
+dangling commit 8e4bec7f2ddaa268bef999853c25755452100f8e
+dangling tree d50bb86186bf27b681d25af89d3b5b68382e4085
+dangling tree b24c2473f1fd3d91352a624795be026d64c8841f
+...
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Dangling objects are objects that are harmless, but also unnecessary;
+you can remove them at any time with gitlink:git-prune[1] or the --prune
+option to gitlink:git-gc[1]:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git gc --prune
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+This may be time-consuming. Unlike most other git operations (including
+git-gc when run without any options), it is not safe to prune while
+other git operations are in progress in the same repository.
+
+For more about dangling objects, see <<dangling-objects>>.
+
+
+Recovering lost changes
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Reflogs
+^^^^^^^
+
+Say you modify a branch with gitlink:git-reset[1] --hard, and then
+realize that the branch was the only reference you had to that point in
+history.
+
+Fortunately, git also keeps a log, called a "reflog", of all the
+previous values of each branch. So in this case you can still find the
+old history using, for example,
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git log master@{1}
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+This lists the commits reachable from the previous version of the head.
+This syntax can be used to with any git command that accepts a commit,
+not just with git log. Some other examples:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git show master@{2} # See where the branch pointed 2,
+$ git show master@{3} # 3, ... changes ago.
+$ gitk master@{yesterday} # See where it pointed yesterday,
+$ gitk master@{"1 week ago"} # ... or last week
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+The reflogs are kept by default for 30 days, after which they may be
+pruned. See gitlink:git-reflog[1] and gitlink:git-gc[1] to learn
+how to control this pruning, and see the "SPECIFYING REVISIONS"
+section of gitlink:git-rev-parse[1] for details.
+
+Note that the reflog history is very different from normal git history.
+While normal history is shared by every repository that works on the
+same project, the reflog history is not shared: it tells you only about
+how the branches in your local repository have changed over time.
+
+Examining dangling objects
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+In some situations the reflog may not be able to save you. For
+example, suppose you delete a branch, then realize you need the history
+it pointed you. The reflog is also deleted; however, if you have not
+yet pruned the repository, then you may still be able to find
+the lost commits; run git-fsck and watch for output that mentions
+"dangling commits":
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git fsck
+dangling commit 7281251ddd2a61e38657c827739c57015671a6b3
+dangling commit 2706a059f258c6b245f298dc4ff2ccd30ec21a63
+dangling commit 13472b7c4b80851a1bc551779171dcb03655e9b5
+...
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+You can examine
+one of those dangling commits with, for example,
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ gitk 7281251ddd --not --all
+------------------------------------------------
+
+which does what it sounds like: it says that you want to see the commit
+history that is described by the dangling commit(s), but not the
+history that is described by all your existing branches and tags. Thus
+you get exactly the history reachable from that commit that is lost.
+(And notice that it might not be just one commit: we only report the
+"tip of the line" as being dangling, but there might be a whole deep
+and complex commit history that was gotten dropped.)
+
+If you decide you want the history back, you can always create a new
+reference pointing to it, for example, a new branch:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git branch recovered-branch 7281251ddd
+------------------------------------------------
+
+
+Sharing development with others
+===============================
+
+[[getting-updates-with-git-pull]]
+Getting updates with git pull
+-----------------------------
+
+After you clone a repository and make a few changes of your own, you
+may wish to check the original repository for updates and merge them
+into your own work.
+
+We have already seen <<Updating-a-repository-with-git-fetch,how to
+keep remote tracking branches up to date>> with gitlink:git-fetch[1],
+and how to merge two branches. So you can merge in changes from the
+original repository's master branch with:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git fetch
+$ git merge origin/master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+However, the gitlink:git-pull[1] command provides a way to do this in
+one step:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git pull origin master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+In fact, "origin" is normally the default repository to pull from,
+and the default branch is normally the HEAD of the remote repository,
+so often you can accomplish the above with just
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git pull
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+See the descriptions of the branch.<name>.remote and
+branch.<name>.merge options in gitlink:git-config[1] to learn
+how to control these defaults depending on the current branch.
+
+In addition to saving you keystrokes, "git pull" also helps you by
+producing a default commit message documenting the branch and
+repository that you pulled from.
+
+(But note that no such commit will be created in the case of a
+<<fast-forwards,fast forward>>; instead, your branch will just be
+updated to point to the latest commit from the upstream branch).
+
+The git-pull command can also be given "." as the "remote" repository,
+in which case it just merges in a branch from the current repository; so
+the commands
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git pull . branch
+$ git merge branch
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+are roughly equivalent. The former is actually very commonly used.
+
+Submitting patches to a project
+-------------------------------
+
+If you just have a few changes, the simplest way to submit them may
+just be to send them as patches in email:
+
+First, use gitlink:git-format-patch[1]; for example:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git format-patch origin
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+will produce a numbered series of files in the current directory, one
+for each patch in the current branch but not in origin/HEAD.
+
+You can then import these into your mail client and send them by
+hand. However, if you have a lot to send at once, you may prefer to
+use the gitlink:git-send-email[1] script to automate the process.
+Consult the mailing list for your project first to determine how they
+prefer such patches be handled.
+
+Importing patches to a project
+------------------------------
+
+Git also provides a tool called gitlink:git-am[1] (am stands for
+"apply mailbox"), for importing such an emailed series of patches.
+Just save all of the patch-containing messages, in order, into a
+single mailbox file, say "patches.mbox", then run
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git am -3 patches.mbox
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Git will apply each patch in order; if any conflicts are found, it
+will stop, and you can fix the conflicts as described in
+"<<resolving-a-merge,Resolving a merge>>". (The "-3" option tells
+git to perform a merge; if you would prefer it just to abort and
+leave your tree and index untouched, you may omit that option.)
+
+Once the index is updated with the results of the conflict
+resolution, instead of creating a new commit, just run
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git am --resolved
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+and git will create the commit for you and continue applying the
+remaining patches from the mailbox.
+
+The final result will be a series of commits, one for each patch in
+the original mailbox, with authorship and commit log message each
+taken from the message containing each patch.
+
+[[setting-up-a-public-repository]]
+Setting up a public repository
+------------------------------
+
+Another way to submit changes to a project is to simply tell the
+maintainer of that project to pull from your repository, exactly as
+you did in the section "<<getting-updates-with-git-pull, Getting
+updates with git pull>>".
+
+If you and maintainer both have accounts on the same machine, then
+then you can just pull changes from each other's repositories
+directly; note that all of the command (gitlink:git-clone[1],
+git-fetch[1], git-pull[1], etc.) which accept a URL as an argument
+will also accept a local file patch; so, for example, you can
+use
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git clone /path/to/repository
+$ git pull /path/to/other/repository
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+If this sort of setup is inconvenient or impossible, another (more
+common) option is to set up a public repository on a public server.
+This also allows you to cleanly separate private work in progress
+from publicly visible work.
+
+You will continue to do your day-to-day work in your personal
+repository, but periodically "push" changes from your personal
+repository into your public repository, allowing other developers to
+pull from that repository. So the flow of changes, in a situation
+where there is one other developer with a public repository, looks
+like this:
+
+ you push
+ your personal repo ------------------> your public repo
+ ^ |
+ | |
+ | you pull | they pull
+ | |
+ | |
+ | they push V
+ their public repo <------------------- their repo
+
+Now, assume your personal repository is in the directory ~/proj. We
+first create a new clone of the repository:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git clone --bare proj-clone.git
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+The resulting directory proj-clone.git will contains a "bare" git
+repository--it is just the contents of the ".git" directory, without
+a checked-out copy of a working directory.
+
+Next, copy proj-clone.git to the server where you plan to host the
+public repository. You can use scp, rsync, or whatever is most
+convenient.
+
+If somebody else maintains the public server, they may already have
+set up a git service for you, and you may skip to the section
+"<<pushing-changes-to-a-public-repository,Pushing changes to a public
+repository>>", below.
+
+Otherwise, the following sections explain how to export your newly
+created public repository:
+
+[[exporting-via-http]]
+Exporting a git repository via http
+-----------------------------------
+
+The git protocol gives better performance and reliability, but on a
+host with a web server set up, http exports may be simpler to set up.
+
+All you need to do is place the newly created bare git repository in
+a directory that is exported by the web server, and make some
+adjustments to give web clients some extra information they need:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ mv proj.git /home/you/public_html/proj.git
+$ cd proj.git
+$ git update-server-info
+$ chmod a+x hooks/post-update
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+(For an explanation of the last two lines, see
+gitlink:git-update-server-info[1], and the documentation
+link:hooks.txt[Hooks used by git].)
+
+Advertise the url of proj.git. Anybody else should then be able to
+clone or pull from that url, for example with a commandline like:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git clone http://yourserver.com/~you/proj.git
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+(See also
+link:howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt[setup-git-server-over-http]
+for a slightly more sophisticated setup using WebDAV which also
+allows pushing over http.)
+
+[[exporting-via-git]]
+Exporting a git repository via the git protocol
+-----------------------------------------------
+
+This is the preferred method.
+
+For now, we refer you to the gitlink:git-daemon[1] man page for
+instructions. (See especially the examples section.)
+
+[[pushing-changes-to-a-public-repository]]
+Pushing changes to a public repository
+--------------------------------------
+
+Note that the two techniques outline above (exporting via
+<<exporting-via-http,http>> or <<exporting-via-git,git>>) allow other
+maintainers to fetch your latest changes, but they do not allow write
+access, which you will need to update the public repository with the
+latest changes created in your private repository.
+
+The simplest way to do this is using gitlink:git-push[1] and ssh; to
+update the remote branch named "master" with the latest state of your
+branch named "master", run
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git push ssh://yourserver.com/~you/proj.git master:master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+or just
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git push ssh://yourserver.com/~you/proj.git master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+As with git-fetch, git-push will complain if this does not result in
+a <<fast-forwards,fast forward>>. Normally this is a sign of
+something wrong. However, if you are sure you know what you're
+doing, you may force git-push to perform the update anyway by
+proceeding the branch name by a plus sign:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git push ssh://yourserver.com/~you/proj.git +master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+As with git-fetch, you may also set up configuration options to
+save typing; so, for example, after
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ cat >.git/config <<EOF
+[remote "public-repo"]
+ url = ssh://yourserver.com/~you/proj.git
+EOF
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+you should be able to perform the above push with just
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git push public-repo master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+See the explanations of the remote.<name>.url, branch.<name>.remote,
+and remote.<name>.push options in gitlink:git-config[1] for
+details.
+
+Setting up a shared repository
+------------------------------
+
+Another way to collaborate is by using a model similar to that
+commonly used in CVS, where several developers with special rights
+all push to and pull from a single shared repository. See
+link:cvs-migration.txt[git for CVS users] for instructions on how to
+set this up.
+
+Allow web browsing of a repository
+----------------------------------
+
+The gitweb cgi script provides users an easy way to browse your
+project's files and history without having to install git; see the file
+gitweb/README in the git source tree for instructions on setting it up.
+
+Examples
+--------
+
+TODO: topic branches, typical roles as in everyday.txt, ?
+
+
+[[cleaning-up-history]]
+Rewriting history and maintaining patch series
+==============================================
+
+Normally commits are only added to a project, never taken away or
+replaced. Git is designed with this assumption, and violating it will
+cause git's merge machinery (for example) to do the wrong thing.
+
+However, there is a situation in which it can be useful to violate this
+assumption.
+
+Creating the perfect patch series
+---------------------------------
+
+Suppose you are a contributor to a large project, and you want to add a
+complicated feature, and to present it to the other developers in a way
+that makes it easy for them to read your changes, verify that they are
+correct, and understand why you made each change.
+
+If you present all of your changes as a single patch (or commit), they
+may find it is too much to digest all at once.
+
+If you present them with the entire history of your work, complete with
+mistakes, corrections, and dead ends, they may be overwhelmed.
+
+So the ideal is usually to produce a series of patches such that:
+
+ 1. Each patch can be applied in order.
+
+ 2. Each patch includes a single logical change, together with a
+ message explaining the change.
+
+ 3. No patch introduces a regression: after applying any initial
+ part of the series, the resulting project still compiles and
+ works, and has no bugs that it didn't have before.
+
+ 4. The complete series produces the same end result as your own
+ (probably much messier!) development process did.
+
+We will introduce some tools that can help you do this, explain how to
+use them, and then explain some of the problems that can arise because
+you are rewriting history.
+
+Keeping a patch series up to date using git-rebase
+--------------------------------------------------
+
+Suppose you have a series of commits in a branch "mywork", which
+originally branched off from "origin".
+
+Suppose you create a branch "mywork" on a remote-tracking branch
+"origin", and created some commits on top of it:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git checkout -b mywork origin
+$ vi file.txt
+$ git commit
+$ vi otherfile.txt
+$ git commit
+...
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+You have performed no merges into mywork, so it is just a simple linear
+sequence of patches on top of "origin":
+
+
+ o--o--o <-- origin
+ \
+ o--o--o <-- mywork
+
+Some more interesting work has been done in the upstream project, and
+"origin" has advanced:
+
+ o--o--O--o--o--o <-- origin
+ \
+ a--b--c <-- mywork
+
+At this point, you could use "pull" to merge your changes back in;
+the result would create a new merge commit, like this:
+
+
+ o--o--O--o--o--o <-- origin
+ \ \
+ a--b--c--m <-- mywork
+
+However, if you prefer to keep the history in mywork a simple series of
+commits without any merges, you may instead choose to use
+gitlink:git-rebase[1]:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git checkout mywork
+$ git rebase origin
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+This will remove each of your commits from mywork, temporarily saving
+them as patches (in a directory named ".dotest"), update mywork to
+point at the latest version of origin, then apply each of the saved
+patches to the new mywork. The result will look like:
+
+
+ o--o--O--o--o--o <-- origin
+ \
+ a'--b'--c' <-- mywork
+
+In the process, it may discover conflicts. In that case it will stop
+and allow you to fix the conflicts; after fixing conflicts, use "git
+add" to update the index with those contents, and then, instead of
+running git-commit, just run
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git rebase --continue
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+and git will continue applying the rest of the patches.
+
+At any point you may use the --abort option to abort this process and
+return mywork to the state it had before you started the rebase:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git rebase --abort
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Reordering or selecting from a patch series
+-------------------------------------------
+
+Given one existing commit, the gitlink:git-cherry-pick[1] command
+allows you to apply the change introduced by that commit and create a
+new commit that records it. So, for example, if "mywork" points to a
+series of patches on top of "origin", you might do something like:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git checkout -b mywork-new origin
+$ gitk origin..mywork &
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+And browse through the list of patches in the mywork branch using gitk,
+applying them (possibly in a different order) to mywork-new using
+cherry-pick, and possibly modifying them as you go using commit
+--amend.
+
+Another technique is to use git-format-patch to create a series of
+patches, then reset the state to before the patches:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git format-patch origin
+$ git reset --hard origin
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Then modify, reorder, or eliminate patches as preferred before applying
+them again with gitlink:git-am[1].
+
+Other tools
+-----------
+
+There are numerous other tools, such as stgit, which exist for the
+purpose of maintaining a patch series. These are out of the scope of
+this manual.
+
+Problems with rewriting history
+-------------------------------
+
+The primary problem with rewriting the history of a branch has to do
+with merging. Suppose somebody fetches your branch and merges it into
+their branch, with a result something like this:
+
+ o--o--O--o--o--o <-- origin
+ \ \
+ t--t--t--m <-- their branch:
+
+Then suppose you modify the last three commits:
+
+ o--o--o <-- new head of origin
+ /
+ o--o--O--o--o--o <-- old head of origin
+
+If we examined all this history together in one repository, it will
+look like:
+
+ o--o--o <-- new head of origin
+ /
+ o--o--O--o--o--o <-- old head of origin
+ \ \
+ t--t--t--m <-- their branch:
+
+Git has no way of knowing that the new head is an updated version of
+the old head; it treats this situation exactly the same as it would if
+two developers had independently done the work on the old and new heads
+in parallel. At this point, if someone attempts to merge the new head
+in to their branch, git will attempt to merge together the two (old and
+new) lines of development, instead of trying to replace the old by the
+new. The results are likely to be unexpected.
+
+You may still choose to publish branches whose history is rewritten,
+and it may be useful for others to be able to fetch those branches in
+order to examine or test them, but they should not attempt to pull such
+branches into their own work.
+
+For true distributed development that supports proper merging,
+published branches should never be rewritten.
+
+Advanced branch management
+==========================
+
+Fetching individual branches
+----------------------------
+
+Instead of using gitlink:git-remote[1], you can also choose just
+to update one branch at a time, and to store it locally under an
+arbitrary name:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git fetch origin todo:my-todo-work
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+The first argument, "origin", just tells git to fetch from the
+repository you originally cloned from. The second argument tells git
+to fetch the branch named "todo" from the remote repository, and to
+store it locally under the name refs/heads/my-todo-work.
+
+You can also fetch branches from other repositories; so
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git fetch git://example.com/proj.git master:example-master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+will create a new branch named "example-master" and store in it the
+branch named "master" from the repository at the given URL. If you
+already have a branch named example-master, it will attempt to
+"fast-forward" to the commit given by example.com's master branch. So
+next we explain what a fast-forward is:
+
+[[fast-forwards]]
+Understanding git history: fast-forwards
+----------------------------------------
+
+In the previous example, when updating an existing branch, "git
+fetch" checks to make sure that the most recent commit on the remote
+branch is a descendant of the most recent commit on your copy of the
+branch before updating your copy of the branch to point at the new
+commit. Git calls this process a "fast forward".
+
+A fast forward looks something like this:
+
+ o--o--o--o <-- old head of the branch
+ \
+ o--o--o <-- new head of the branch
+
+
+In some cases it is possible that the new head will *not* actually be
+a descendant of the old head. For example, the developer may have
+realized she made a serious mistake, and decided to backtrack,
+resulting in a situation like:
+
+ o--o--o--o--a--b <-- old head of the branch
+ \
+ o--o--o <-- new head of the branch
+
+
+
+In this case, "git fetch" will fail, and print out a warning.
+
+In that case, you can still force git to update to the new head, as
+described in the following section. However, note that in the
+situation above this may mean losing the commits labeled "a" and "b",
+unless you've already created a reference of your own pointing to
+them.
+
+Forcing git fetch to do non-fast-forward updates
+------------------------------------------------
+
+If git fetch fails because the new head of a branch is not a
+descendant of the old head, you may force the update with:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git fetch git://example.com/proj.git +master:refs/remotes/example/master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Note the addition of the "+" sign. Be aware that commits which the
+old version of example/master pointed at may be lost, as we saw in
+the previous section.
+
+Configuring remote branches
+---------------------------
+
+We saw above that "origin" is just a shortcut to refer to the
+repository which you originally cloned from. This information is
+stored in git configuration variables, which you can see using
+gitlink:git-config[1]:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git config -l
+core.repositoryformatversion=0
+core.filemode=true
+core.logallrefupdates=true
+remote.origin.url=git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git
+remote.origin.fetch=+refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
+branch.master.remote=origin
+branch.master.merge=refs/heads/master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+If there are other repositories that you also use frequently, you can
+create similar configuration options to save typing; for example,
+after
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git config remote.example.url git://example.com/proj.git
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+then the following two commands will do the same thing:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git fetch git://example.com/proj.git master:refs/remotes/example/master
+$ git fetch example master:refs/remotes/example/master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Even better, if you add one more option:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git config remote.example.fetch master:refs/remotes/example/master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+then the following commands will all do the same thing:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git fetch git://example.com/proj.git master:ref/remotes/example/master
+$ git fetch example master:ref/remotes/example/master
+$ git fetch example example/master
+$ git fetch example
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+You can also add a "+" to force the update each time:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git config remote.example.fetch +master:ref/remotes/example/master
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+Don't do this unless you're sure you won't mind "git fetch" possibly
+throwing away commits on mybranch.
+
+Also note that all of the above configuration can be performed by
+directly editing the file .git/config instead of using
+gitlink:git-config[1].
+
+See gitlink:git-config[1] for more details on the configuration
+options mentioned above.
+
+
+Git internals
+=============
+
+There are two object abstractions: the "object database", and the
+"current directory cache" aka "index".
+
+The Object Database
+-------------------
+
+The object database is literally just a content-addressable collection
+of objects. All objects are named by their content, which is
+approximated by the SHA1 hash of the object itself. Objects may refer
+to other objects (by referencing their SHA1 hash), and so you can
+build up a hierarchy of objects.
+
+All objects have a statically determined "type" aka "tag", which is
+determined at object creation time, and which identifies the format of
+the object (i.e. how it is used, and how it can refer to other
+objects). There are currently four different object types: "blob",
+"tree", "commit" and "tag".
+
+A "blob" object cannot refer to any other object, and is, like the type
+implies, a pure storage object containing some user data. It is used to
+actually store the file data, i.e. a blob object is associated with some
+particular version of some file.
+
+A "tree" object is an object that ties one or more "blob" objects into a
+directory structure. In addition, a tree object can refer to other tree
+objects, thus creating a directory hierarchy.
+
+A "commit" object ties such directory hierarchies together into
+a DAG of revisions - each "commit" is associated with exactly one tree
+(the directory hierarchy at the time of the commit). In addition, a
+"commit" refers to one or more "parent" commit objects that describe the
+history of how we arrived at that directory hierarchy.
+
+As a special case, a commit object with no parents is called the "root"
+object, and is the point of an initial project commit. Each project
+must have at least one root, and while you can tie several different
+root objects together into one project by creating a commit object which
+has two or more separate roots as its ultimate parents, that's probably
+just going to confuse people. So aim for the notion of "one root object
+per project", even if git itself does not enforce that.
+
+A "tag" object symbolically identifies and can be used to sign other
+objects. It contains the identifier and type of another object, a
+symbolic name (of course!) and, optionally, a signature.
+
+Regardless of object type, all objects share the following
+characteristics: they are all deflated with zlib, and have a header
+that not only specifies their type, but also provides size information
+about the data in the object. It's worth noting that the SHA1 hash
+that is used to name the object is the hash of the original data
+plus this header, so `sha1sum` 'file' does not match the object name
+for 'file'.
+(Historical note: in the dawn of the age of git the hash
+was the sha1 of the 'compressed' object.)
+
+As a result, the general consistency of an object can always be tested
+independently of the contents or the type of the object: all objects can
+be validated by verifying that (a) their hashes match the content of the
+file and (b) the object successfully inflates to a stream of bytes that
+forms a sequence of <ascii type without space> + <space> + <ascii decimal
+size> + <byte\0> + <binary object data>.
+
+The structured objects can further have their structure and
+connectivity to other objects verified. This is generally done with
+the `git-fsck` program, which generates a full dependency graph
+of all objects, and verifies their internal consistency (in addition
+to just verifying their superficial consistency through the hash).
+
+The object types in some more detail:
+
+Blob Object
+-----------
+
+A "blob" object is nothing but a binary blob of data, and doesn't
+refer to anything else. There is no signature or any other
+verification of the data, so while the object is consistent (it 'is'
+indexed by its sha1 hash, so the data itself is certainly correct), it
+has absolutely no other attributes. No name associations, no
+permissions. It is purely a blob of data (i.e. normally "file
+contents").
+
+In particular, since the blob is entirely defined by its data, if two
+files in a directory tree (or in multiple different versions of the
+repository) have the same contents, they will share the same blob
+object. The object is totally independent of its location in the
+directory tree, and renaming a file does not change the object that
+file is associated with in any way.
+
+A blob is typically created when gitlink:git-update-index[1]
+is run, and its data can be accessed by gitlink:git-cat-file[1].
+
+Tree Object
+-----------
+
+The next hierarchical object type is the "tree" object. A tree object
+is a list of mode/name/blob data, sorted by name. Alternatively, the
+mode data may specify a directory mode, in which case instead of
+naming a blob, that name is associated with another TREE object.
+
+Like the "blob" object, a tree object is uniquely determined by the
+set contents, and so two separate but identical trees will always
+share the exact same object. This is true at all levels, i.e. it's
+true for a "leaf" tree (which does not refer to any other trees, only
+blobs) as well as for a whole subdirectory.
+
+For that reason a "tree" object is just a pure data abstraction: it
+has no history, no signatures, no verification of validity, except
+that since the contents are again protected by the hash itself, we can
+trust that the tree is immutable and its contents never change.
+
+So you can trust the contents of a tree to be valid, the same way you
+can trust the contents of a blob, but you don't know where those
+contents 'came' from.
+
+Side note on trees: since a "tree" object is a sorted list of
+"filename+content", you can create a diff between two trees without
+actually having to unpack two trees. Just ignore all common parts,
+and your diff will look right. In other words, you can effectively
+(and efficiently) tell the difference between any two random trees by
+O(n) where "n" is the size of the difference, rather than the size of
+the tree.
+
+Side note 2 on trees: since the name of a "blob" depends entirely and
+exclusively on its contents (i.e. there are no names or permissions
+involved), you can see trivial renames or permission changes by
+noticing that the blob stayed the same. However, renames with data
+changes need a smarter "diff" implementation.
+
+A tree is created with gitlink:git-write-tree[1] and
+its data can be accessed by gitlink:git-ls-tree[1].
+Two trees can be compared with gitlink:git-diff-tree[1].
+
+Commit Object
+-------------
+
+The "commit" object is an object that introduces the notion of
+history into the picture. In contrast to the other objects, it
+doesn't just describe the physical state of a tree, it describes how
+we got there, and why.
+
+A "commit" is defined by the tree-object that it results in, the
+parent commits (zero, one or more) that led up to that point, and a
+comment on what happened. Again, a commit is not trusted per se:
+the contents are well-defined and "safe" due to the cryptographically
+strong signatures at all levels, but there is no reason to believe
+that the tree is "good" or that the merge information makes sense.
+The parents do not have to actually have any relationship with the
+result, for example.
+
+Note on commits: unlike real SCM's, commits do not contain
+rename information or file mode change information. All of that is
+implicit in the trees involved (the result tree, and the result trees
+of the parents), and describing that makes no sense in this idiotic
+file manager.
+
+A commit is created with gitlink:git-commit-tree[1] and
+its data can be accessed by gitlink:git-cat-file[1].
+
+Trust
+-----
+
+An aside on the notion of "trust". Trust is really outside the scope
+of "git", but it's worth noting a few things. First off, since
+everything is hashed with SHA1, you 'can' trust that an object is
+intact and has not been messed with by external sources. So the name
+of an object uniquely identifies a known state - just not a state that
+you may want to trust.
+
+Furthermore, since the SHA1 signature of a commit refers to the
+SHA1 signatures of the tree it is associated with and the signatures
+of the parent, a single named commit specifies uniquely a whole set
+of history, with full contents. You can't later fake any step of the
+way once you have the name of a commit.
+
+So to introduce some real trust in the system, the only thing you need
+to do is to digitally sign just 'one' special note, which includes the
+name of a top-level commit. Your digital signature shows others
+that you trust that commit, and the immutability of the history of
+commits tells others that they can trust the whole history.
+
+In other words, you can easily validate a whole archive by just
+sending out a single email that tells the people the name (SHA1 hash)
+of the top commit, and digitally sign that email using something
+like GPG/PGP.
+
+To assist in this, git also provides the tag object...
+
+Tag Object
+----------
+
+Git provides the "tag" object to simplify creating, managing and
+exchanging symbolic and signed tokens. The "tag" object at its
+simplest simply symbolically identifies another object by containing
+the sha1, type and symbolic name.
+
+However it can optionally contain additional signature information
+(which git doesn't care about as long as there's less than 8k of
+it). This can then be verified externally to git.
+
+Note that despite the tag features, "git" itself only handles content
+integrity; the trust framework (and signature provision and
+verification) has to come from outside.
+
+A tag is created with gitlink:git-mktag[1],
+its data can be accessed by gitlink:git-cat-file[1],
+and the signature can be verified by
+gitlink:git-verify-tag[1].
+
+
+The "index" aka "Current Directory Cache"
+-----------------------------------------
+
+The index is a simple binary file, which contains an efficient
+representation of a virtual directory content at some random time. It
+does so by a simple array that associates a set of names, dates,
+permissions and content (aka "blob") objects together. The cache is
+always kept ordered by name, and names are unique (with a few very
+specific rules) at any point in time, but the cache has no long-term
+meaning, and can be partially updated at any time.
+
+In particular, the index certainly does not need to be consistent with
+the current directory contents (in fact, most operations will depend on
+different ways to make the index 'not' be consistent with the directory
+hierarchy), but it has three very important attributes:
+
+'(a) it can re-generate the full state it caches (not just the
+directory structure: it contains pointers to the "blob" objects so
+that it can regenerate the data too)'
+
+As a special case, there is a clear and unambiguous one-way mapping
+from a current directory cache to a "tree object", which can be
+efficiently created from just the current directory cache without
+actually looking at any other data. So a directory cache at any one
+time uniquely specifies one and only one "tree" object (but has
+additional data to make it easy to match up that tree object with what
+has happened in the directory)
+
+'(b) it has efficient methods for finding inconsistencies between that
+cached state ("tree object waiting to be instantiated") and the
+current state.'
+
+'(c) it can additionally efficiently represent information about merge
+conflicts between different tree objects, allowing each pathname to be
+associated with sufficient information about the trees involved that
+you can create a three-way merge between them.'
+
+Those are the three ONLY things that the directory cache does. It's a
+cache, and the normal operation is to re-generate it completely from a
+known tree object, or update/compare it with a live tree that is being
+developed. If you blow the directory cache away entirely, you generally
+haven't lost any information as long as you have the name of the tree
+that it described.
+
+At the same time, the index is at the same time also the
+staging area for creating new trees, and creating a new tree always
+involves a controlled modification of the index file. In particular,
+the index file can have the representation of an intermediate tree that
+has not yet been instantiated. So the index can be thought of as a
+write-back cache, which can contain dirty information that has not yet
+been written back to the backing store.
+
+
+
+The Workflow
+------------
+
+Generally, all "git" operations work on the index file. Some operations
+work *purely* on the index file (showing the current state of the
+index), but most operations move data to and from the index file. Either
+from the database or from the working directory. Thus there are four
+main combinations:
+
+working directory -> index
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+You update the index with information from the working directory with
+the gitlink:git-update-index[1] command. You
+generally update the index information by just specifying the filename
+you want to update, like so:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-update-index filename
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+but to avoid common mistakes with filename globbing etc, the command
+will not normally add totally new entries or remove old entries,
+i.e. it will normally just update existing cache entries.
+
+To tell git that yes, you really do realize that certain files no
+longer exist, or that new files should be added, you
+should use the `--remove` and `--add` flags respectively.
+
+NOTE! A `--remove` flag does 'not' mean that subsequent filenames will
+necessarily be removed: if the files still exist in your directory
+structure, the index will be updated with their new status, not
+removed. The only thing `--remove` means is that update-cache will be
+considering a removed file to be a valid thing, and if the file really
+does not exist any more, it will update the index accordingly.
+
+As a special case, you can also do `git-update-index --refresh`, which
+will refresh the "stat" information of each index to match the current
+stat information. It will 'not' update the object status itself, and
+it will only update the fields that are used to quickly test whether
+an object still matches its old backing store object.
+
+index -> object database
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+You write your current index file to a "tree" object with the program
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-write-tree
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+that doesn't come with any options - it will just write out the
+current index into the set of tree objects that describe that state,
+and it will return the name of the resulting top-level tree. You can
+use that tree to re-generate the index at any time by going in the
+other direction:
+
+object database -> index
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+You read a "tree" file from the object database, and use that to
+populate (and overwrite - don't do this if your index contains any
+unsaved state that you might want to restore later!) your current
+index. Normal operation is just
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-read-tree <sha1 of tree>
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+and your index file will now be equivalent to the tree that you saved
+earlier. However, that is only your 'index' file: your working
+directory contents have not been modified.
+
+index -> working directory
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+You update your working directory from the index by "checking out"
+files. This is not a very common operation, since normally you'd just
+keep your files updated, and rather than write to your working
+directory, you'd tell the index files about the changes in your
+working directory (i.e. `git-update-index`).
+
+However, if you decide to jump to a new version, or check out somebody
+else's version, or just restore a previous tree, you'd populate your
+index file with read-tree, and then you need to check out the result
+with
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-checkout-index filename
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+or, if you want to check out all of the index, use `-a`.
+
+NOTE! git-checkout-index normally refuses to overwrite old files, so
+if you have an old version of the tree already checked out, you will
+need to use the "-f" flag ('before' the "-a" flag or the filename) to
+'force' the checkout.
+
+
+Finally, there are a few odds and ends which are not purely moving
+from one representation to the other:
+
+Tying it all together
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+To commit a tree you have instantiated with "git-write-tree", you'd
+create a "commit" object that refers to that tree and the history
+behind it - most notably the "parent" commits that preceded it in
+history.
+
+Normally a "commit" has one parent: the previous state of the tree
+before a certain change was made. However, sometimes it can have two
+or more parent commits, in which case we call it a "merge", due to the
+fact that such a commit brings together ("merges") two or more
+previous states represented by other commits.
+
+In other words, while a "tree" represents a particular directory state
+of a working directory, a "commit" represents that state in "time",
+and explains how we got there.
+
+You create a commit object by giving it the tree that describes the
+state at the time of the commit, and a list of parents:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-commit-tree <tree> -p <parent> [-p <parent2> ..]
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+and then giving the reason for the commit on stdin (either through
+redirection from a pipe or file, or by just typing it at the tty).
+
+git-commit-tree will return the name of the object that represents
+that commit, and you should save it away for later use. Normally,
+you'd commit a new `HEAD` state, and while git doesn't care where you
+save the note about that state, in practice we tend to just write the
+result to the file pointed at by `.git/HEAD`, so that we can always see
+what the last committed state was.
+
+Here is an ASCII art by Jon Loeliger that illustrates how
+various pieces fit together.
+
+------------
+
+ commit-tree
+ commit obj
+ +----+
+ | |
+ | |
+ V V
+ +-----------+
+ | Object DB |
+ | Backing |
+ | Store |
+ +-----------+
+ ^
+ write-tree | |
+ tree obj | |
+ | | read-tree
+ | | tree obj
+ V
+ +-----------+
+ | Index |
+ | "cache" |
+ +-----------+
+ update-index ^
+ blob obj | |
+ | |
+ checkout-index -u | | checkout-index
+ stat | | blob obj
+ V
+ +-----------+
+ | Working |
+ | Directory |
+ +-----------+
+
+------------
+
+
+Examining the data
+------------------
+
+You can examine the data represented in the object database and the
+index with various helper tools. For every object, you can use
+gitlink:git-cat-file[1] to examine details about the
+object:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-cat-file -t <objectname>
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+shows the type of the object, and once you have the type (which is
+usually implicit in where you find the object), you can use
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-cat-file blob|tree|commit|tag <objectname>
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+to show its contents. NOTE! Trees have binary content, and as a result
+there is a special helper for showing that content, called
+`git-ls-tree`, which turns the binary content into a more easily
+readable form.
+
+It's especially instructive to look at "commit" objects, since those
+tend to be small and fairly self-explanatory. In particular, if you
+follow the convention of having the top commit name in `.git/HEAD`,
+you can do
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-cat-file commit HEAD
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+to see what the top commit was.
+
+Merging multiple trees
+----------------------
+
+Git helps you do a three-way merge, which you can expand to n-way by
+repeating the merge procedure arbitrary times until you finally
+"commit" the state. The normal situation is that you'd only do one
+three-way merge (two parents), and commit it, but if you like to, you
+can do multiple parents in one go.
+
+To do a three-way merge, you need the two sets of "commit" objects
+that you want to merge, use those to find the closest common parent (a
+third "commit" object), and then use those commit objects to find the
+state of the directory ("tree" object) at these points.
+
+To get the "base" for the merge, you first look up the common parent
+of two commits with
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-merge-base <commit1> <commit2>
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+which will return you the commit they are both based on. You should
+now look up the "tree" objects of those commits, which you can easily
+do with (for example)
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-cat-file commit <commitname> | head -1
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+since the tree object information is always the first line in a commit
+object.
+
+Once you know the three trees you are going to merge (the one "original"
+tree, aka the common case, and the two "result" trees, aka the branches
+you want to merge), you do a "merge" read into the index. This will
+complain if it has to throw away your old index contents, so you should
+make sure that you've committed those - in fact you would normally
+always do a merge against your last commit (which should thus match what
+you have in your current index anyway).
+
+To do the merge, do
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-read-tree -m -u <origtree> <yourtree> <targettree>
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+which will do all trivial merge operations for you directly in the
+index file, and you can just write the result out with
+`git-write-tree`.
+
+
+Merging multiple trees, continued
+---------------------------------
+
+Sadly, many merges aren't trivial. If there are files that have
+been added.moved or removed, or if both branches have modified the
+same file, you will be left with an index tree that contains "merge
+entries" in it. Such an index tree can 'NOT' be written out to a tree
+object, and you will have to resolve any such merge clashes using
+other tools before you can write out the result.
+
+You can examine such index state with `git-ls-files --unmerged`
+command. An example:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git-read-tree -m $orig HEAD $target
+$ git-ls-files --unmerged
+100644 263414f423d0e4d70dae8fe53fa34614ff3e2860 1 hello.c
+100644 06fa6a24256dc7e560efa5687fa84b51f0263c3a 2 hello.c
+100644 cc44c73eb783565da5831b4d820c962954019b69 3 hello.c
+------------------------------------------------
+
+Each line of the `git-ls-files --unmerged` output begins with
+the blob mode bits, blob SHA1, 'stage number', and the
+filename. The 'stage number' is git's way to say which tree it
+came from: stage 1 corresponds to `$orig` tree, stage 2 `HEAD`
+tree, and stage3 `$target` tree.
+
+Earlier we said that trivial merges are done inside
+`git-read-tree -m`. For example, if the file did not change
+from `$orig` to `HEAD` nor `$target`, or if the file changed
+from `$orig` to `HEAD` and `$orig` to `$target` the same way,
+obviously the final outcome is what is in `HEAD`. What the
+above example shows is that file `hello.c` was changed from
+`$orig` to `HEAD` and `$orig` to `$target` in a different way.
+You could resolve this by running your favorite 3-way merge
+program, e.g. `diff3` or `merge`, on the blob objects from
+these three stages yourself, like this:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git-cat-file blob 263414f... >hello.c~1
+$ git-cat-file blob 06fa6a2... >hello.c~2
+$ git-cat-file blob cc44c73... >hello.c~3
+$ merge hello.c~2 hello.c~1 hello.c~3
+------------------------------------------------
+
+This would leave the merge result in `hello.c~2` file, along
+with conflict markers if there are conflicts. After verifying
+the merge result makes sense, you can tell git what the final
+merge result for this file is by:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ mv -f hello.c~2 hello.c
+$ git-update-index hello.c
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+When a path is in unmerged state, running `git-update-index` for
+that path tells git to mark the path resolved.
+
+The above is the description of a git merge at the lowest level,
+to help you understand what conceptually happens under the hood.
+In practice, nobody, not even git itself, uses three `git-cat-file`
+for this. There is `git-merge-index` program that extracts the
+stages to temporary files and calls a "merge" script on it:
+
+-------------------------------------------------
+$ git-merge-index git-merge-one-file hello.c
+-------------------------------------------------
+
+and that is what higher level `git resolve` is implemented with.
+
+How git stores objects efficiently: pack files
+----------------------------------------------
+
+We've seen how git stores each object in a file named after the
+object's SHA1 hash.
+
+Unfortunately this system becomes inefficient once a project has a
+lot of objects. Try this on an old project:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git count-objects
+6930 objects, 47620 kilobytes
+------------------------------------------------
+
+The first number is the number of objects which are kept in
+individual files. The second is the amount of space taken up by
+those "loose" objects.
+
+You can save space and make git faster by moving these loose objects in
+to a "pack file", which stores a group of objects in an efficient
+compressed format; the details of how pack files are formatted can be
+found in link:technical/pack-format.txt[technical/pack-format.txt].
+
+To put the loose objects into a pack, just run git repack:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git repack
+Generating pack...
+Done counting 6020 objects.
+Deltifying 6020 objects.
+ 100% (6020/6020) done
+Writing 6020 objects.
+ 100% (6020/6020) done
+Total 6020, written 6020 (delta 4070), reused 0 (delta 0)
+Pack pack-3e54ad29d5b2e05838c75df582c65257b8d08e1c created.
+------------------------------------------------
+
+You can then run
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git prune
+------------------------------------------------
+
+to remove any of the "loose" objects that are now contained in the
+pack. This will also remove any unreferenced objects (which may be
+created when, for example, you use "git reset" to remove a commit).
+You can verify that the loose objects are gone by looking at the
+.git/objects directory or by running
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git count-objects
+0 objects, 0 kilobytes
+------------------------------------------------
+
+Although the object files are gone, any commands that refer to those
+objects will work exactly as they did before.
+
+The gitlink:git-gc[1] command performs packing, pruning, and more for
+you, so is normally the only high-level command you need.
+
+[[dangling-objects]]
+Dangling objects
+----------------
+
+The gitlink:git-fsck[1] command will sometimes complain about dangling
+objects. They are not a problem.
+
+The most common cause of dangling objects is that you've rebased a
+branch, or you have pulled from somebody else who rebased a branch--see
+<<cleaning-up-history>>. In that case, the old head of the original
+branch still exists, as does obviously everything it pointed to. The
+branch pointer itself just doesn't, since you replaced it with another
+one.
+
+There are also other situations too that cause dangling objects. For
+example, a "dangling blob" may arise because you did a "git add" of a
+file, but then, before you actually committed it and made it part of the
+bigger picture, you changed something else in that file and committed
+that *updated* thing - the old state that you added originally ends up
+not being pointed to by any commit or tree, so it's now a dangling blob
+object.
+
+Similarly, when the "recursive" merge strategy runs, and finds that
+there are criss-cross merges and thus more than one merge base (which is
+fairly unusual, but it does happen), it will generate one temporary
+midway tree (or possibly even more, if you had lots of criss-crossing
+merges and more than two merge bases) as a temporary internal merge
+base, and again, those are real objects, but the end result will not end
+up pointing to them, so they end up "dangling" in your repository.
+
+Generally, dangling objects aren't anything to worry about. They can
+even be very useful: if you screw something up, the dangling objects can
+be how you recover your old tree (say, you did a rebase, and realized
+that you really didn't want to - you can look at what dangling objects
+you have, and decide to reset your head to some old dangling state).
+
+For commits, the most useful thing to do with dangling objects tends to
+be to do a simple
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ gitk <dangling-commit-sha-goes-here> --not --all
+------------------------------------------------
+
+For blobs and trees, you can't do the same, but you can examine them.
+You can just do
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git show <dangling-blob/tree-sha-goes-here>
+------------------------------------------------
+
+to show what the contents of the blob were (or, for a tree, basically
+what the "ls" for that directory was), and that may give you some idea
+of what the operation was that left that dangling object.
+
+Usually, dangling blobs and trees aren't very interesting. They're
+almost always the result of either being a half-way mergebase (the blob
+will often even have the conflict markers from a merge in it, if you
+have had conflicting merges that you fixed up by hand), or simply
+because you interrupted a "git fetch" with ^C or something like that,
+leaving _some_ of the new objects in the object database, but just
+dangling and useless.
+
+Anyway, once you are sure that you're not interested in any dangling
+state, you can just prune all unreachable objects:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git prune
+------------------------------------------------
+
+and they'll be gone. But you should only run "git prune" on a quiescent
+repository - it's kind of like doing a filesystem fsck recovery: you
+don't want to do that while the filesystem is mounted.
+
+(The same is true of "git-fsck" itself, btw - but since
+git-fsck never actually *changes* the repository, it just reports
+on what it found, git-fsck itself is never "dangerous" to run.
+Running it while somebody is actually changing the repository can cause
+confusing and scary messages, but it won't actually do anything bad. In
+contrast, running "git prune" while somebody is actively changing the
+repository is a *BAD* idea).
+
+Glossary of git terms
+=====================
+
+include::glossary.txt[]
+
+Notes and todo list for this manual
+===================================
+
+This is a work in progress.
+
+The basic requirements:
+ - It must be readable in order, from beginning to end, by
+ someone intelligent with a basic grasp of the unix
+ commandline, but without any special knowledge of git. If
+ necessary, any other prerequisites should be specifically
+ mentioned as they arise.
+ - Whenever possible, section headings should clearly describe
+ the task they explain how to do, in language that requires
+ no more knowledge than necessary: for example, "importing
+ patches into a project" rather than "the git-am command"
+
+Think about how to create a clear chapter dependency graph that will
+allow people to get to important topics without necessarily reading
+everything in between.
+
+Say something about .gitignore.
+
+Scan Documentation/ for other stuff left out; in particular:
+ howto's
+ some of technical/?
+ hooks
+ list of commands in gitlink:git[1]
+
+Scan email archives for other stuff left out
+
+Scan man pages to see if any assume more background than this manual
+provides.
+
+Simplify beginning by suggesting disconnected head instead of
+temporary branch creation?
+
+Explain how to refer to file stages in the "how to resolve a merge"
+section: diff -1, -2, -3, --ours, --theirs :1:/path notation. The
+"git ls-files --unmerged --stage" thing is sorta useful too,
+actually. And note gitk --merge.
+
+Add more good examples. Entire sections of just cookbook examples
+might be a good idea; maybe make an "advanced examples" section a
+standard end-of-chapter section?
+
+Include cross-references to the glossary, where appropriate.
+
+Document shallow clones? See draft 1.5.0 release notes for some
+documentation.
+
+Add a section on working with other version control systems, including
+CVS, Subversion, and just imports of series of release tarballs.
+
+More details on gitweb?
+
+Write a chapter on using plumbing and writing scripts.
diff --git a/GIT-VERSION-GEN b/GIT-VERSION-GEN
index e0adc34..8f266d0 100755
--- a/GIT-VERSION-GEN
+++ b/GIT-VERSION-GEN
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
#!/bin/sh
GVF=GIT-VERSION-FILE
-DEF_VER=v1.5.0-rc2.GIT
+DEF_VER=v1.5.0-rc3.GIT
LF='
'
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 07246f3..91bd665 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -192,7 +192,7 @@ SCRIPTS = $(patsubst %.sh,%,$(SCRIPT_SH)) \
# ... and all the rest that could be moved out of bindir to gitexecdir
PROGRAMS = \
- git-convert-objects$X git-fetch-pack$X git-fsck-objects$X \
+ git-convert-objects$X git-fetch-pack$X git-fsck$X \
git-hash-object$X git-index-pack$X git-local-fetch$X \
git-merge-base$X \
git-daemon$X \
@@ -213,7 +213,8 @@ EXTRA_PROGRAMS =
BUILT_INS = \
git-format-patch$X git-show$X git-whatchanged$X git-cherry$X \
- git-get-tar-commit-id$X git-init$X \
+ git-get-tar-commit-id$X git-init$X git-repo-config$X \
+ git-fsck-objects$X \
$(patsubst builtin-%.o,git-%$X,$(BUILTIN_OBJS))
# what 'all' will build and 'install' will install, in gitexecdir
@@ -283,6 +284,7 @@ BUILTIN_OBJS = \
builtin-diff-tree.o \
builtin-fmt-merge-msg.o \
builtin-for-each-ref.o \
+ builtin-fsck.o \
builtin-grep.o \
builtin-init-db.o \
builtin-log.o \
@@ -299,7 +301,7 @@ BUILTIN_OBJS = \
builtin-push.o \
builtin-read-tree.o \
builtin-reflog.o \
- builtin-repo-config.o \
+ builtin-config.o \
builtin-rerere.o \
builtin-rev-list.o \
builtin-rev-parse.o \
diff --git a/builtin-blame.c b/builtin-blame.c
index 7a58ee3..1c21204 100644
--- a/builtin-blame.c
+++ b/builtin-blame.c
@@ -77,6 +77,10 @@ struct origin {
char path[FLEX_ARRAY];
};
+/*
+ * Given an origin, prepare mmfile_t structure to be used by the
+ * diff machinery
+ */
static char *fill_origin_blob(struct origin *o, mmfile_t *file)
{
if (!o->file.ptr) {
@@ -91,6 +95,10 @@ static char *fill_origin_blob(struct origin *o, mmfile_t *file)
return file->ptr;
}
+/*
+ * Origin is refcounted and usually we keep the blob contents to be
+ * reused.
+ */
static inline struct origin *origin_incref(struct origin *o)
{
if (o)
@@ -108,6 +116,11 @@ static void origin_decref(struct origin *o)
}
}
+/*
+ * Each group of lines is described by a blame_entry; it can be split
+ * as we pass blame to the parents. They form a linked list in the
+ * scoreboard structure, sorted by the target line number.
+ */
struct blame_entry {
struct blame_entry *prev;
struct blame_entry *next;
@@ -134,19 +147,24 @@ struct blame_entry {
int s_lno;
/* how significant this entry is -- cached to avoid
- * scanning the lines over and over
+ * scanning the lines over and over.
*/
unsigned score;
};
+/*
+ * The current state of the blame assignment.
+ */
struct scoreboard {
/* the final commit (i.e. where we started digging from) */
struct commit *final;
const char *path;
- /* the contents in the final; pointed into by buf pointers of
- * blame_entries
+ /*
+ * The contents in the final image.
+ * Used by many functions to obtain contents of the nth line,
+ * indexed with scoreboard.lineno[blame_entry.lno].
*/
const char *final_buf;
unsigned long final_buf_size;
@@ -171,6 +189,11 @@ static int cmp_suspect(struct origin *a, struct origin *b)
static void sanity_check_refcnt(struct scoreboard *);
+/*
+ * If two blame entries that are next to each other came from
+ * contiguous lines in the same origin (i.e. <commit, path> pair),
+ * merge them together.
+ */
static void coalesce(struct scoreboard *sb)
{
struct blame_entry *ent, *next;
@@ -194,6 +217,12 @@ static void coalesce(struct scoreboard *sb)
sanity_check_refcnt(sb);
}
+/*
+ * Given a commit and a path in it, create a new origin structure.
+ * The callers that add blame to the scoreboard should use
+ * get_origin() to obtain shared, refcounted copy instead of calling
+ * this function directly.
+ */
static struct origin *make_origin(struct commit *commit, const char *path)
{
struct origin *o;
@@ -204,6 +233,9 @@ static struct origin *make_origin(struct commit *commit, const char *path)
return o;
}
+/*
+ * Locate an existing origin or create a new one.
+ */
static struct origin *get_origin(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct commit *commit,
const char *path)
@@ -218,6 +250,13 @@ static struct origin *get_origin(struct scoreboard *sb,
return make_origin(commit, path);
}
+/*
+ * Fill the blob_sha1 field of an origin if it hasn't, so that later
+ * call to fill_origin_blob() can use it to locate the data. blob_sha1
+ * for an origin is also used to pass the blame for the entire file to
+ * the parent to detect the case where a child's blob is identical to
+ * that of its parent's.
+ */
static int fill_blob_sha1(struct origin *origin)
{
unsigned mode;
@@ -238,6 +277,10 @@ static int fill_blob_sha1(struct origin *origin)
return -1;
}
+/*
+ * We have an origin -- check if the same path exists in the
+ * parent and return an origin structure to represent it.
+ */
static struct origin *find_origin(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct commit *parent,
struct origin *origin)
@@ -247,12 +290,26 @@ static struct origin *find_origin(struct scoreboard *sb,
const char *paths[2];
if (parent->util) {
- /* This is a freestanding copy of origin and not
- * refcounted.
+ /*
+ * Each commit object can cache one origin in that
+ * commit. This is a freestanding copy of origin and
+ * not refcounted.
*/
struct origin *cached = parent->util;
if (!strcmp(cached->path, origin->path)) {
+ /*
+ * The same path between origin and its parent
+ * without renaming -- the most common case.
+ */
porigin = get_origin(sb, parent, cached->path);
+
+ /*
+ * If the origin was newly created (i.e. get_origin
+ * would call make_origin if none is found in the
+ * scoreboard), it does not know the blob_sha1,
+ * so copy it. Otherwise porigin was in the
+ * scoreboard and already knows blob_sha1.
+ */
if (porigin->refcnt == 1)
hashcpy(porigin->blob_sha1, cached->blob_sha1);
return porigin;
@@ -309,7 +366,13 @@ static struct origin *find_origin(struct scoreboard *sb,
}
diff_flush(&diff_opts);
if (porigin) {
+ /*
+ * Create a freestanding copy that is not part of
+ * the refcounted origin found in the scoreboard, and
+ * cache it in the commit.
+ */
struct origin *cached;
+
cached = make_origin(porigin->commit, porigin->path);
hashcpy(cached->blob_sha1, porigin->blob_sha1);
parent->util = cached;
@@ -317,6 +380,10 @@ static struct origin *find_origin(struct scoreboard *sb,
return porigin;
}
+/*
+ * We have an origin -- find the path that corresponds to it in its
+ * parent and return an origin structure to represent it.
+ */
static struct origin *find_rename(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct commit *parent,
struct origin *origin)
@@ -353,6 +420,9 @@ static struct origin *find_rename(struct scoreboard *sb,
return porigin;
}
+/*
+ * Parsing of patch chunks...
+ */
struct chunk {
/* line number in postimage; up to but not including this
* line is the same as preimage
@@ -454,6 +524,11 @@ static struct patch *compare_buffer(mmfile_t *file_p, mmfile_t *file_o,
return state.ret;
}
+/*
+ * Run diff between two origins and grab the patch output, so that
+ * we can pass blame for lines origin is currently suspected for
+ * to its parent.
+ */
static struct patch *get_patch(struct origin *parent, struct origin *origin)
{
mmfile_t file_p, file_o;
@@ -474,6 +549,10 @@ static void free_patch(struct patch *p)
free(p);
}
+/*
+ * Link in a new blame entry to the scoreboard. Entries that cover the
+ * same line range have been removed from the scoreboard previously.
+ */
static void add_blame_entry(struct scoreboard *sb, struct blame_entry *e)
{
struct blame_entry *ent, *prev = NULL;
@@ -497,6 +576,12 @@ static void add_blame_entry(struct scoreboard *sb, struct blame_entry *e)
e->next->prev = e;
}
+/*
+ * src typically is on-stack; we want to copy the information in it to
+ * an malloced blame_entry that is already on the linked list of the
+ * scoreboard. The origin of dst loses a refcnt while the origin of src
+ * gains one.
+ */
static void dup_entry(struct blame_entry *dst, struct blame_entry *src)
{
struct blame_entry *p, *n;
@@ -516,25 +601,25 @@ static const char *nth_line(struct scoreboard *sb, int lno)
return sb->final_buf + sb->lineno[lno];
}
+/*
+ * It is known that lines between tlno to same came from parent, and e
+ * has an overlap with that range. it also is known that parent's
+ * line plno corresponds to e's line tlno.
+ *
+ * <---- e ----->
+ * <------>
+ * <------------>
+ * <------------>
+ * <------------------>
+ *
+ * Split e into potentially three parts; before this chunk, the chunk
+ * to be blamed for the parent, and after that portion.
+ */
static void split_overlap(struct blame_entry *split,
struct blame_entry *e,
int tlno, int plno, int same,
struct origin *parent)
{
- /* it is known that lines between tlno to same came from
- * parent, and e has an overlap with that range. it also is
- * known that parent's line plno corresponds to e's line tlno.
- *
- * <---- e ----->
- * <------>
- * <------------>
- * <------------>
- * <------------------>
- *
- * Potentially we need to split e into three parts; before
- * this chunk, the chunk to be blamed for parent, and after
- * that portion.
- */
int chunk_end_lno;
memset(split, 0, sizeof(struct blame_entry [3]));
@@ -564,11 +649,20 @@ static void split_overlap(struct blame_entry *split,
chunk_end_lno = e->lno + e->num_lines;
split[1].num_lines = chunk_end_lno - split[1].lno;
+ /*
+ * if it turns out there is nothing to blame the parent for,
+ * forget about the splitting. !split[1].suspect signals this.
+ */
if (split[1].num_lines < 1)
return;
split[1].suspect = origin_incref(parent);
}
+/*
+ * split_overlap() divided an existing blame e into up to three parts
+ * in split. Adjust the linked list of blames in the scoreboard to
+ * reflect the split.
+ */
static void split_blame(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct blame_entry *split,
struct blame_entry *e)
@@ -576,21 +670,27 @@ static void split_blame(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct blame_entry *new_entry;
if (split[0].suspect && split[2].suspect) {
- /* we need to split e into two and add another for parent */
+ /* The first part (reuse storage for the existing entry e) */
dup_entry(e, &split[0]);
+ /* The last part -- me */
new_entry = xmalloc(sizeof(*new_entry));
memcpy(new_entry, &(split[2]), sizeof(struct blame_entry));
add_blame_entry(sb, new_entry);
+ /* ... and the middle part -- parent */
new_entry = xmalloc(sizeof(*new_entry));
memcpy(new_entry, &(split[1]), sizeof(struct blame_entry));
add_blame_entry(sb, new_entry);
}
else if (!split[0].suspect && !split[2].suspect)
- /* parent covers the entire area */
+ /*
+ * The parent covers the entire area; reuse storage for
+ * e and replace it with the parent.
+ */
dup_entry(e, &split[1]);
else if (split[0].suspect) {
+ /* me and then parent */
dup_entry(e, &split[0]);
new_entry = xmalloc(sizeof(*new_entry));
@@ -598,6 +698,7 @@ static void split_blame(struct scoreboard *sb,
add_blame_entry(sb, new_entry);
}
else {
+ /* parent and then me */
dup_entry(e, &split[1]);
new_entry = xmalloc(sizeof(*new_entry));
@@ -628,6 +729,10 @@ static void split_blame(struct scoreboard *sb,
}
}
+/*
+ * After splitting the blame, the origins used by the
+ * on-stack blame_entry should lose one refcnt each.
+ */
static void decref_split(struct blame_entry *split)
{
int i;
@@ -636,6 +741,10 @@ static void decref_split(struct blame_entry *split)
origin_decref(split[i].suspect);
}
+/*
+ * Helper for blame_chunk(). blame_entry e is known to overlap with
+ * the patch hunk; split it and pass blame to the parent.
+ */
static void blame_overlap(struct scoreboard *sb, struct blame_entry *e,
int tlno, int plno, int same,
struct origin *parent)
@@ -648,6 +757,9 @@ static void blame_overlap(struct scoreboard *sb, struct blame_entry *e,
decref_split(split);
}
+/*
+ * Find the line number of the last line the target is suspected for.
+ */
static int find_last_in_target(struct scoreboard *sb, struct origin *target)
{
struct blame_entry *e;
@@ -662,6 +774,11 @@ static int find_last_in_target(struct scoreboard *sb, struct origin *target)
return last_in_target;
}
+/*
+ * Process one hunk from the patch between the current suspect for
+ * blame_entry e and its parent. Find and split the overlap, and
+ * pass blame to the overlapping part to the parent.
+ */
static void blame_chunk(struct scoreboard *sb,
int tlno, int plno, int same,
struct origin *target, struct origin *parent)
@@ -678,6 +795,11 @@ static void blame_chunk(struct scoreboard *sb,
}
}
+/*
+ * We are looking at the origin 'target' and aiming to pass blame
+ * for the lines it is suspected to its parent. Run diff to find
+ * which lines came from parent and pass blame for them.
+ */
static int pass_blame_to_parent(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct origin *target,
struct origin *parent)
@@ -698,13 +820,22 @@ static int pass_blame_to_parent(struct scoreboard *sb,
plno = chunk->p_next;
tlno = chunk->t_next;
}
- /* rest (i.e. anything above tlno) are the same as parent */
+ /* The rest (i.e. anything after tlno) are the same as the parent */
blame_chunk(sb, tlno, plno, last_in_target, target, parent);
free_patch(patch);
return 0;
}
+/*
+ * The lines in blame_entry after splitting blames many times can become
+ * very small and trivial, and at some point it becomes pointless to
+ * blame the parents. E.g. "\t\t}\n\t}\n\n" appears everywhere in any
+ * ordinary C program, and it is not worth to say it was copied from
+ * totally unrelated file in the parent.
+ *
+ * Compute how trivial the lines in the blame_entry are.
+ */
static unsigned ent_score(struct scoreboard *sb, struct blame_entry *e)
{
unsigned score;
@@ -726,6 +857,12 @@ static unsigned ent_score(struct scoreboard *sb, struct blame_entry *e)
return score;
}
+/*
+ * best_so_far[] and this[] are both a split of an existing blame_entry
+ * that passes blame to the parent. Maintain best_so_far the best split
+ * so far, by comparing this and best_so_far and copying this into
+ * bst_so_far as needed.
+ */
static void copy_split_if_better(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct blame_entry *best_so_far,
struct blame_entry *this)
@@ -745,6 +882,11 @@ static void copy_split_if_better(struct scoreboard *sb,
memcpy(best_so_far, this, sizeof(struct blame_entry [3]));
}
+/*
+ * Find the lines from parent that are the same as ent so that
+ * we can pass blames to it. file_p has the blob contents for
+ * the parent.
+ */
static void find_copy_in_blob(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct blame_entry *ent,
struct origin *parent,
@@ -757,6 +899,9 @@ static void find_copy_in_blob(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct patch *patch;
int i, plno, tlno;
+ /*
+ * Prepare mmfile that contains only the lines in ent.
+ */
cp = nth_line(sb, ent->lno);
file_o.ptr = (char*) cp;
cnt = ent->num_lines;
@@ -792,6 +937,10 @@ static void find_copy_in_blob(struct scoreboard *sb,
free_patch(patch);
}
+/*
+ * See if lines currently target is suspected for can be attributed to
+ * parent.
+ */
static int find_move_in_parent(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct origin *target,
struct origin *parent)
@@ -826,12 +975,15 @@ static int find_move_in_parent(struct scoreboard *sb,
return 0;
}
-
struct blame_list {
struct blame_entry *ent;
struct blame_entry split[3];
};
+/*
+ * Count the number of entries the target is suspected for,
+ * and prepare a list of entry and the best split.
+ */
static struct blame_list *setup_blame_list(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct origin *target,
int *num_ents_p)
@@ -840,9 +992,6 @@ static struct blame_list *setup_blame_list(struct scoreboard *sb,
int num_ents, i;
struct blame_list *blame_list = NULL;
- /* Count the number of entries the target is suspected for,
- * and prepare a list of entry and the best split.
- */
for (e = sb->ent, num_ents = 0; e; e = e->next)
if (!e->guilty && !cmp_suspect(e->suspect, target))
num_ents++;
@@ -856,6 +1005,11 @@ static struct blame_list *setup_blame_list(struct scoreboard *sb,
return blame_list;
}
+/*
+ * For lines target is suspected for, see if we can find code movement
+ * across file boundary from the parent commit. porigin is the path
+ * in the parent we already tried.
+ */
static int find_copy_in_parent(struct scoreboard *sb,
struct origin *target,
struct commit *parent,
@@ -956,7 +1110,8 @@ static int find_copy_in_parent(struct scoreboard *sb,
return retval;
}
-/* The blobs of origin and porigin exactly match, so everything
+/*
+ * The blobs of origin and porigin exactly match, so everything
* origin is suspected for can be blamed on the parent.
*/
static void pass_whole_blame(struct scoreboard *sb,
@@ -1041,7 +1196,7 @@ static void pass_blame(struct scoreboard *sb, struct origin *origin, int opt)
}
/*
- * Optionally run "miff" to find moves in parents' files here.
+ * Optionally find moves in parents' files.
*/
if (opt & PICKAXE_BLAME_MOVE)
for (i = 0, parent = commit->parents;
@@ -1055,7 +1210,7 @@ static void pass_blame(struct scoreboard *sb, struct origin *origin, int opt)
}
/*
- * Optionally run "ciff" to find copies from parents' files here.
+ * Optionally find copies from parents' files.
*/
if (opt & PICKAXE_BLAME_COPY)
for (i = 0, parent = commit->parents;
@@ -1072,6 +1227,9 @@ static void pass_blame(struct scoreboard *sb, struct origin *origin, int opt)
origin_decref(parent_origin[i]);
}
+/*
+ * Information on commits, used for output.
+ */
struct commit_info
{
char *author;
@@ -1088,6 +1246,9 @@ struct commit_info
char *summary;
};
+/*
+ * Parse author/committer line in the commit object buffer
+ */
static void get_ac_line(const char *inbuf, const char *what,
int bufsz, char *person, char **mail,
unsigned long *time, char **tz)
@@ -1142,7 +1303,8 @@ static void get_commit_info(struct commit *commit,
static char committer_buf[1024];
static char summary_buf[1024];
- /* We've operated without save_commit_buffer, so
+ /*
+ * We've operated without save_commit_buffer, so
* we now need to populate them for output.
*/
if (!commit->buffer) {
@@ -1182,6 +1344,10 @@ static void get_commit_info(struct commit *commit,
summary_buf[len] = 0;
}
+/*
+ * To allow LF and other nonportable characters in pathnames,
+ * they are c-style quoted as needed.
+ */
static void write_filename_info(const char *path)
{
printf("filename ");
@@ -1189,6 +1355,10 @@ static void write_filename_info(const char *path)
putchar('\n');
}
+/*
+ * The blame_entry is found to be guilty for the range. Mark it
+ * as such, and show it in incremental output.
+ */
static void found_guilty_entry(struct blame_entry *ent)
{
if (ent->guilty)
@@ -1220,6 +1390,11 @@ static void found_guilty_entry(struct blame_entry *ent)
}
}
+/*
+ * The main loop -- while the scoreboard has lines whose true origin
+ * is still unknown, pick one blame_entry, and allow its current
+ * suspect to pass blames to its parents.
+ */
static void assign_blame(struct scoreboard *sb, struct rev_info *revs, int opt)
{
while (1) {
@@ -1234,12 +1409,16 @@ static void assign_blame(struct scoreboard *sb, struct rev_info *revs, int opt)
if (!suspect)
return; /* all done */
+ /*
+ * We will use this suspect later in the loop,
+ * so hold onto it in the meantime.
+ */
origin_incref(suspect);
commit = suspect->commit;
if (!commit->object.parsed)
parse_commit(commit);
if (!(commit->object.flags & UNINTERESTING) &&
- !(revs->max_age != -1 && commit->date < revs->max_age))
+ !(revs->max_age != -1 && commit->date < revs->max_age))
pass_blame(sb, suspect, opt);
else {
commit->object.flags |= UNINTERESTING;
@@ -1431,6 +1610,10 @@ static void output(struct scoreboard *sb, int option)
}
}
+/*
+ * To allow quick access to the contents of nth line in the
+ * final image, prepare an index in the scoreboard.
+ */
static int prepare_lines(struct scoreboard *sb)
{
const char *buf = sb->final_buf;
@@ -1458,6 +1641,11 @@ static int prepare_lines(struct scoreboard *sb)
return sb->num_lines;
}
+/*
+ * Add phony grafts for use with -S; this is primarily to
+ * support git-cvsserver that wants to give a linear history
+ * to its clients.
+ */
static int read_ancestry(const char *graft_file)
{
FILE *fp = fopen(graft_file, "r");
@@ -1475,6 +1663,9 @@ static int read_ancestry(const char *graft_file)
return 0;
}
+/*
+ * How many columns do we need to show line numbers in decimal?
+ */
static int lineno_width(int lines)
{
int i, width;
@@ -1484,6 +1675,10 @@ static int lineno_width(int lines)
return width;
}
+/*
+ * How many columns do we need to show line numbers, authors,
+ * and filenames?
+ */
static void find_alignment(struct scoreboard *sb, int *option)
{
int longest_src_lines = 0;
@@ -1522,6 +1717,10 @@ static void find_alignment(struct scoreboard *sb, int *option)
max_score_digits = lineno_width(largest_score);
}
+/*
+ * For debugging -- origin is refcounted, and this asserts that
+ * we do not underflow.
+ */
static void sanity_check_refcnt(struct scoreboard *sb)
{
int baa = 0;
@@ -1543,8 +1742,9 @@ static void sanity_check_refcnt(struct scoreboard *sb)
ent->suspect->refcnt = -ent->suspect->refcnt;
}
for (ent = sb->ent; ent; ent = ent->next) {
- /* then pick each and see if they have the the correct
- * refcnt.
+ /*
+ * ... then pick each and see if they have the the
+ * correct refcnt.
*/
int found;
struct blame_entry *e;
@@ -1574,6 +1774,10 @@ static void sanity_check_refcnt(struct scoreboard *sb)
}
}
+/*
+ * Used for the command line parsing; check if the path exists
+ * in the working tree.
+ */
static int has_path_in_work_tree(const char *path)
{
struct stat st;
@@ -1596,6 +1800,9 @@ static const char *add_prefix(const char *prefix, const char *path)
return prefix_path(prefix, strlen(prefix), path);
}
+/*
+ * Parsing of (comma separated) one item in the -L option
+ */
static const char *parse_loc(const char *spec,
struct scoreboard *sb, long lno,
long begin, long *ret)
@@ -1670,6 +1877,9 @@ static const char *parse_loc(const char *spec,
}
}
+/*
+ * Parsing of -L option
+ */
static void prepare_blame_range(struct scoreboard *sb,
const char *bottomtop,
long lno,
@@ -1780,14 +1990,18 @@ int cmd_blame(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
argv[unk++] = arg;
}
+ if (!incremental)
+ setup_pager();
+
if (!blame_move_score)
blame_move_score = BLAME_DEFAULT_MOVE_SCORE;
if (!blame_copy_score)
blame_copy_score = BLAME_DEFAULT_COPY_SCORE;
- /* We have collected options unknown to us in argv[1..unk]
+ /*
+ * We have collected options unknown to us in argv[1..unk]
* which are to be passed to revision machinery if we are
- * going to do the "bottom" procesing.
+ * going to do the "bottom" processing.
*
* The remaining are:
*
@@ -1865,7 +2079,8 @@ int cmd_blame(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
if (final_commit_name)
argv[unk++] = final_commit_name;
- /* Now we got rev and path. We do not want the path pruning
+ /*
+ * Now we got rev and path. We do not want the path pruning
* but we may want "bottom" processing.
*/
argv[unk++] = "--"; /* terminate the rev name */
@@ -1875,7 +2090,8 @@ int cmd_blame(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
setup_revisions(unk, argv, &revs, "HEAD");
memset(&sb, 0, sizeof(sb));
- /* There must be one and only one positive commit in the
+ /*
+ * There must be one and only one positive commit in the
* revs->pending array.
*/
for (i = 0; i < revs.pending.nr; i++) {
@@ -1896,7 +2112,10 @@ int cmd_blame(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
}
if (!sb.final) {
- /* "--not A B -- path" without anything positive */
+ /*
+ * "--not A B -- path" without anything positive;
+ * default to HEAD.
+ */
unsigned char head_sha1[20];
final_commit_name = "HEAD";
@@ -1906,7 +2125,8 @@ int cmd_blame(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
add_pending_object(&revs, &(sb.final->object), "HEAD");
}
- /* If we have bottom, this will mark the ancestors of the
+ /*
+ * If we have bottom, this will mark the ancestors of the
* bottom commits we would reach while traversing as
* uninteresting.
*/
diff --git a/builtin-branch.c b/builtin-branch.c
index 76f174f..2d8d61b 100644
--- a/builtin-branch.c
+++ b/builtin-branch.c
@@ -316,6 +316,7 @@ static void create_branch(const char *name, const char *start_name,
struct commit *commit;
unsigned char sha1[20];
char ref[PATH_MAX], msg[PATH_MAX + 20];
+ int forcing = 0;
snprintf(ref, sizeof ref, "refs/heads/%s", name);
if (check_ref_format(ref))
@@ -326,6 +327,7 @@ static void create_branch(const char *name, const char *start_name,
die("A branch named '%s' already exists.", name);
else if (!is_bare_repository() && !strcmp(head, name))
die("Cannot force update the current branch.");
+ forcing = 1;
}
if (start_sha1)
@@ -342,11 +344,15 @@ static void create_branch(const char *name, const char *start_name,
if (!lock)
die("Failed to lock ref for update: %s.", strerror(errno));
- if (reflog) {
+ if (reflog)
log_all_ref_updates = 1;
+
+ if (forcing)
+ snprintf(msg, sizeof msg, "branch: Reset from %s",
+ start_name);
+ else
snprintf(msg, sizeof msg, "branch: Created from %s",
start_name);
- }
if (write_ref_sha1(lock, sha1, msg) < 0)
die("Failed to write ref: %s.", strerror(errno));
@@ -358,7 +364,7 @@ static void rename_branch(const char *oldname, const char *newname, int force)
unsigned char sha1[20];
if (!oldname)
- die("cannot rename the curren branch while not on any.");
+ die("cannot rename the current branch while not on any.");
if (snprintf(oldref, sizeof(oldref), "refs/heads/%s", oldname) > sizeof(oldref))
die("Old branchname too long");
diff --git a/builtin-repo-config.c b/builtin-config.c
index 9063311..0f9051d 100644
--- a/builtin-repo-config.c
+++ b/builtin-config.c
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
#include "cache.h"
static const char git_config_set_usage[] =
-"git-repo-config [ --global ] [ --bool | --int ] [--get | --get-all | --get-regexp | --replace-all | --add | --unset | --unset-all] name [value [value_regex]] | --rename-section old_name new_name | --list";
+"git-config [ --global ] [ --bool | --int ] [--get | --get-all | --get-regexp | --replace-all | --add | --unset | --unset-all] name [value [value_regex]] | --rename-section old_name new_name | --list";
static char *key;
static regex_t *key_regexp;
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@ free_strings:
return ret;
}
-int cmd_repo_config(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
+int cmd_config(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
int nongit = 0;
setup_git_directory_gently(&nongit);
diff --git a/builtin-for-each-ref.c b/builtin-for-each-ref.c
index af72a12..16c785f 100644
--- a/builtin-for-each-ref.c
+++ b/builtin-for-each-ref.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#define QUOTE_SHELL 1
#define QUOTE_PERL 2
#define QUOTE_PYTHON 3
+#define QUOTE_TCL 4
typedef enum { FIELD_STR, FIELD_ULONG, FIELD_TIME } cmp_type;
@@ -134,7 +135,7 @@ static const char *find_next(const char *cp)
while (*cp) {
if (*cp == '%') {
/* %( is the start of an atom;
- * %% is a quoteed per-cent.
+ * %% is a quoted per-cent.
*/
if (cp[1] == '(')
return cp;
@@ -723,6 +724,9 @@ static void print_value(struct refinfo *ref, int atom, int quote_style)
case QUOTE_PYTHON:
python_quote_print(stdout, v->s);
break;
+ case QUOTE_TCL:
+ tcl_quote_print(stdout, v->s);
+ break;
}
}
@@ -834,6 +838,12 @@ int cmd_for_each_ref(int ac, const char **av, char *prefix)
quote_style = QUOTE_PYTHON;
continue;
}
+ if (!strcmp(arg, "--tcl") ) {
+ if (0 <= quote_style)
+ die("more than one quoting style?");
+ quote_style = QUOTE_TCL;
+ continue;
+ }
if (!strncmp(arg, "--count=", 8)) {
if (maxcount)
die("more than one --count?");
diff --git a/fsck-objects.c b/builtin-fsck.c
index c9b4a39..6da3814 100644
--- a/fsck-objects.c
+++ b/builtin-fsck.c
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ static void check_unreachable_object(struct object *obj)
/*
* "!used" means that nothing at all points to it, including
- * other unreacahble objects. In other words, it's the "tip"
+ * other unreachable objects. In other words, it's the "tip"
* of some set of unreachable objects, usually a commit that
* got dropped.
*
@@ -576,12 +576,11 @@ static int fsck_cache_tree(struct cache_tree *it)
return err;
}
-int main(int argc, char **argv)
+int cmd_fsck(int argc, char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
int i, heads;
track_object_refs = 1;
- setup_git_directory();
for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
const char *arg = argv[i];
@@ -611,7 +610,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
continue;
}
if (*arg == '-')
- usage("git-fsck-objects [--tags] [--root] [[--unreachable] [--cache] [--full] [--strict] <head-sha1>*]");
+ usage("git-fsck [--tags] [--root] [[--unreachable] [--cache] [--full] [--strict] <head-sha1>*]");
}
fsck_head_link();
diff --git a/builtin-update-index.c b/builtin-update-index.c
index 182331d..1ac613a 100644
--- a/builtin-update-index.c
+++ b/builtin-update-index.c
@@ -501,6 +501,7 @@ int cmd_update_index(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
for (i = 1 ; i < argc; i++) {
const char *path = argv[i];
+ const char *p;
if (allow_options && *path == '-') {
if (!strcmp(path, "--")) {
@@ -616,9 +617,12 @@ int cmd_update_index(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
usage(update_index_usage);
die("unknown option %s", path);
}
- update_one(path, prefix, prefix_length);
+ p = prefix_path(prefix, prefix_length, path);
+ update_one(p, NULL, 0);
if (set_executable_bit)
- chmod_path(set_executable_bit, path);
+ chmod_path(set_executable_bit, p);
+ if (p < path || p > path + strlen(path))
+ free((char*)p);
}
if (read_from_stdin) {
struct strbuf buf;
diff --git a/builtin-update-ref.c b/builtin-update-ref.c
index 1461937..5ee960b 100644
--- a/builtin-update-ref.c
+++ b/builtin-update-ref.c
@@ -61,10 +61,8 @@ int cmd_update_ref(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
lock = lock_any_ref_for_update(refname, oldval ? oldsha1 : NULL);
if (!lock)
- return 1;
+ die("%s: cannot lock the ref", refname);
if (write_ref_sha1(lock, sha1, msg) < 0)
- return 1;
-
- /* write_ref_sha1 always unlocks the ref, no need to do it explicitly */
+ die("%s: cannot update the ref", refname);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/builtin.h b/builtin.h
index 0b3c9f6..dd0e352 100644
--- a/builtin.h
+++ b/builtin.h
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@ extern int cmd_diff_tree(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_fmt_merge_msg(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_for_each_ref(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_format_patch(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
+extern int cmd_fsck(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_get_tar_commit_id(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_grep(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_help(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
@@ -53,7 +54,7 @@ extern int cmd_prune_packed(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_push(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_read_tree(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_reflog(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
-extern int cmd_repo_config(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
+extern int cmd_config(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_rerere(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_rev_list(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_rev_parse(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
diff --git a/combine-diff.c b/combine-diff.c
index 29d0c9c..a5f2c8d 100644
--- a/combine-diff.c
+++ b/combine-diff.c
@@ -482,11 +482,11 @@ static int make_hunks(struct sline *sline, unsigned long cnt,
return has_interesting;
}
-static void show_parent_lno(struct sline *sline, unsigned long l0, unsigned long l1, int n)
+static void show_parent_lno(struct sline *sline, unsigned long l0, unsigned long l1, int n, unsigned long null_context)
{
l0 = sline[l0].p_lno[n];
l1 = sline[l1].p_lno[n];
- printf(" -%lu,%lu", l0, l1-l0);
+ printf(" -%lu,%lu", l0, l1-l0-null_context);
}
static int hunk_comment_line(const char *bol)
@@ -519,6 +519,7 @@ static void dump_sline(struct sline *sline, unsigned long cnt, int num_parent,
unsigned long hunk_end;
unsigned long rlines;
const char *hunk_comment = NULL;
+ unsigned long null_context = 0;
while (lno <= cnt && !(sline[lno].flag & mark)) {
if (hunk_comment_line(sline[lno].bol))
@@ -535,10 +536,28 @@ static void dump_sline(struct sline *sline, unsigned long cnt, int num_parent,
rlines = hunk_end - lno;
if (cnt < hunk_end)
rlines--; /* pointing at the last delete hunk */
+
+ if (!context) {
+ /*
+ * Even when running with --unified=0, all
+ * lines in the hunk needs to be processed in
+ * the loop below in order to show the
+ * deletion recorded in lost_head. However,
+ * we do not want to show the resulting line
+ * with all blank context markers in such a
+ * case. Compensate.
+ */
+ unsigned long j;
+ for (j = lno; j < hunk_end; j++)
+ if (!(sline[j].flag & (mark-1)))
+ null_context++;
+ rlines -= null_context;
+ }
+
fputs(c_frag, stdout);
for (i = 0; i <= num_parent; i++) putchar(combine_marker);
for (i = 0; i < num_parent; i++)
- show_parent_lno(sline, lno, hunk_end, i);
+ show_parent_lno(sline, lno, hunk_end, i, null_context);
printf(" +%lu,%lu ", lno+1, rlines);
for (i = 0; i <= num_parent; i++) putchar(combine_marker);
@@ -578,8 +597,15 @@ static void dump_sline(struct sline *sline, unsigned long cnt, int num_parent,
if (cnt < lno)
break;
p_mask = 1;
- if (!(sl->flag & (mark-1)))
+ if (!(sl->flag & (mark-1))) {
+ /*
+ * This sline was here to hang the
+ * lost lines in front of it.
+ */
+ if (!context)
+ continue;
fputs(c_plain, stdout);
+ }
else
fputs(c_new, stdout);
for (j = 0; j < num_parent; j++) {
diff --git a/commit.c b/commit.c
index 9b2b842..3e8c872 100644
--- a/commit.c
+++ b/commit.c
@@ -47,7 +47,8 @@ enum cmit_fmt get_commit_format(const char *arg)
if (*arg == '=')
arg++;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(cmt_fmts); i++) {
- if (!strncmp(arg, cmt_fmts[i].n, cmt_fmts[i].cmp_len))
+ if (!strncmp(arg, cmt_fmts[i].n, cmt_fmts[i].cmp_len) &&
+ !strncmp(arg, cmt_fmts[i].n, strlen(arg)))
return cmt_fmts[i].v;
}
diff --git a/config.c b/config.c
index c08c668..d821071 100644
--- a/config.c
+++ b/config.c
@@ -896,7 +896,7 @@ int git_config_rename_section(const char *old_name, const char *new_name)
if (buf[i] != old_name[j++])
break;
}
- if (buf[i] == ']') {
+ if (buf[i] == ']' && old_name[j] == 0) {
/* old_name matches */
ret++;
store.baselen = strlen(new_name);
diff --git a/contrib/blameview/README b/contrib/blameview/README
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..50a6f67
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/blameview/README
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+This is a sample program to use 'git-blame --incremental', based
+on this message.
+
+From: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
+Subject: Re: More precise tag following
+To: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
+Cc: git@vger.kernel.org
+Date: Sat, 27 Jan 2007 18:52:38 -0500
+Message-ID: <20070127235238.GA28706@coredump.intra.peff.net>
+
diff --git a/contrib/blameview/blameview.perl b/contrib/blameview/blameview.perl
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..5e9a67c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/blameview/blameview.perl
@@ -0,0 +1,119 @@
+#!/usr/bin/perl
+
+use Gtk2 -init;
+use Gtk2::SimpleList;
+
+my $fn = shift or die "require filename to blame";
+
+Gtk2::Rc->parse_string(<<'EOS');
+style "treeview_style"
+{
+ GtkTreeView::vertical-separator = 0
+}
+class "GtkTreeView" style "treeview_style"
+EOS
+
+my $window = Gtk2::Window->new('toplevel');
+$window->signal_connect(destroy => sub { Gtk2->main_quit });
+my $scrolled_window = Gtk2::ScrolledWindow->new;
+$window->add($scrolled_window);
+my $fileview = Gtk2::SimpleList->new(
+ 'Commit' => 'text',
+ 'CommitInfo' => 'text',
+ 'FileLine' => 'text',
+ 'Data' => 'text'
+);
+$scrolled_window->add($fileview);
+$fileview->get_column(0)->set_spacing(0);
+$fileview->set_size_request(1024, 768);
+$fileview->set_rules_hint(1);
+
+my $fh;
+open($fh, '-|', "git cat-file blob HEAD:$fn")
+ or die "unable to open $fn: $!";
+while(<$fh>) {
+ chomp;
+ $fileview->{data}->[$.] = ['HEAD', '?', "$fn:$.", $_];
+}
+
+my $blame;
+open($blame, '-|', qw(git blame --incremental --), $fn)
+ or die "cannot start git-blame $fn";
+
+Glib::IO->add_watch(fileno($blame), 'in', \&read_blame_line);
+
+$window->show_all;
+Gtk2->main;
+exit 0;
+
+my %commitinfo = ();
+
+sub flush_blame_line {
+ my ($attr) = @_;
+
+ return unless defined $attr;
+
+ my ($commit, $s_lno, $lno, $cnt) =
+ @{$attr}{qw(COMMIT S_LNO LNO CNT)};
+
+ my ($filename, $author, $author_time, $author_tz) =
+ @{$commitinfo{$commit}}{qw(FILENAME AUTHOR AUTHOR-TIME AUTHOR-TZ)};
+ my $info = $author . ' ' . format_time($author_time, $author_tz);
+
+ for(my $i = 0; $i < $cnt; $i++) {
+ @{$fileview->{data}->[$lno+$i-1]}[0,1,2] =
+ (substr($commit, 0, 8), $info,
+ $filename . ':' . ($s_lno+$i));
+ }
+}
+
+my $buf;
+my $current;
+sub read_blame_line {
+
+ my $r = sysread($blame, $buf, 1024, length($buf));
+ die "I/O error" unless defined $r;
+
+ if ($r == 0) {
+ flush_blame_line($current);
+ $current = undef;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ while ($buf =~ s/([^\n]*)\n//) {
+ my $line = $1;
+
+ if (($commit, $s_lno, $lno, $cnt) =
+ ($line =~ /^([0-9a-f]{40}) (\d+) (\d+) (\d+)$/)) {
+ flush_blame_line($current);
+ $current = +{
+ COMMIT => $1,
+ S_LNO => $2,
+ LNO => $3,
+ CNT => $4,
+ };
+ next;
+ }
+
+ # extended attribute values
+ if ($line =~ /^(author|author-mail|author-time|author-tz|committer|committer-mail|committer-time|committer-tz|summary|filename) (.*)$/) {
+ my $commit = $current->{COMMIT};
+ $commitinfo{$commit}{uc($1)} = $2;
+ next;
+ }
+ }
+ return 1;
+}
+
+sub format_time {
+ my $time = shift;
+ my $tz = shift;
+
+ my $minutes = $tz < 0 ? 0-$tz : $tz;
+ $minutes = ($minutes / 100)*60 + ($minutes % 100);
+ $minutes = $tz < 0 ? 0-$minutes : $minutes;
+ $time += $minutes * 60;
+ my @t = gmtime($time);
+ return sprintf('%04d-%02d-%02d %02d:%02d:%02d %s',
+ $t[5] + 1900, @t[4,3,2,1,0], $tz);
+}
diff --git a/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash b/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash
index 7c7520e..83c69ec 100755
--- a/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash
+++ b/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash
@@ -145,7 +145,7 @@ __git_remotes ()
echo ${i#$d/remotes/}
done
[ "$ngoff" ] && shopt -u nullglob
- for i in $(git --git-dir="$d" repo-config --list); do
+ for i in $(git --git-dir="$d" config --list); do
case "$i" in
remote.*.url=*)
i="${i#remote.}"
@@ -286,7 +286,7 @@ __git_commandlist="$(__git_commands 2>/dev/null)"
__git_aliases ()
{
local i IFS=$'\n'
- for i in $(git --git-dir="$(__gitdir)" repo-config --list); do
+ for i in $(git --git-dir="$(__gitdir)" config --list); do
case "$i" in
alias.*)
i="${i#alias.}"
@@ -299,7 +299,7 @@ __git_aliases ()
__git_aliased_command ()
{
local word cmdline=$(git --git-dir="$(__gitdir)" \
- repo-config --get "alias.$1")
+ config --get "alias.$1")
for word in $cmdline; do
if [ "${word##-*}" ]; then
echo $word
@@ -629,7 +629,7 @@ _git_rebase ()
COMPREPLY=($(compgen -W "$(__git_refs)" -- "$cur"))
}
-_git_repo_config ()
+_git_config ()
{
local cur="${COMP_WORDS[COMP_CWORD]}"
local prv="${COMP_WORDS[COMP_CWORD-1]}"
@@ -806,6 +806,7 @@ _git ()
checkout) _git_checkout ;;
cherry-pick) _git_cherry_pick ;;
commit) _git_commit ;;
+ config) _git_config ;;
diff) _git_diff ;;
diff-tree) _git_diff_tree ;;
fetch) _git_fetch ;;
@@ -819,7 +820,7 @@ _git ()
pull) _git_pull ;;
push) _git_push ;;
rebase) _git_rebase ;;
- repo-config) _git_repo_config ;;
+ repo-config) _git_config ;;
reset) _git_reset ;;
show) _git_show ;;
show-branch) _git_log ;;
@@ -856,7 +857,7 @@ complete -o default -F _git_name_rev git-name-rev
complete -o default -o nospace -F _git_pull git-pull
complete -o default -o nospace -F _git_push git-push
complete -o default -F _git_rebase git-rebase
-complete -o default -F _git_repo_config git-repo-config
+complete -o default -F _git_config git-config
complete -o default -F _git_reset git-reset
complete -o default -o nospace -F _git_show git-show
complete -o default -o nospace -F _git_log git-show-branch
@@ -879,7 +880,7 @@ complete -o default -o nospace -F _git_ls_tree git-ls-tree.exe
complete -o default -F _git_merge_base git-merge-base.exe
complete -o default -F _git_name_rev git-name-rev.exe
complete -o default -o nospace -F _git_push git-push.exe
-complete -o default -F _git_repo_config git-repo-config
+complete -o default -F _git_config git-config
complete -o default -o nospace -F _git_show git-show.exe
complete -o default -o nospace -F _git_log git-show-branch.exe
complete -o default -o nospace -F _git_log git-whatchanged.exe
diff --git a/contrib/emacs/git.el b/contrib/emacs/git.el
index d90ba81..24629eb 100644
--- a/contrib/emacs/git.el
+++ b/contrib/emacs/git.el
@@ -222,7 +222,7 @@ and returns the process output as a string."
"Return the name to use as GIT_COMMITTER_NAME."
; copied from log-edit
(or git-committer-name
- (git-repo-config "user.name")
+ (git-config "user.name")
(and (boundp 'add-log-full-name) add-log-full-name)
(and (fboundp 'user-full-name) (user-full-name))
(and (boundp 'user-full-name) user-full-name)))
@@ -231,7 +231,7 @@ and returns the process output as a string."
"Return the email address to use as GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL."
; copied from log-edit
(or git-committer-email
- (git-repo-config "user.email")
+ (git-config "user.email")
(and (boundp 'add-log-mailing-address) add-log-mailing-address)
(and (fboundp 'user-mail-address) (user-mail-address))
(and (boundp 'user-mail-address) user-mail-address)))
@@ -298,9 +298,9 @@ and returns the process output as a string."
(git-get-string-sha1
(git-call-process-env-string nil "rev-parse" rev)))
-(defun git-repo-config (key)
+(defun git-config (key)
"Retrieve the value associated to KEY in the git repository config file."
- (let ((str (git-call-process-env-string nil "repo-config" key)))
+ (let ((str (git-call-process-env-string nil "config" key)))
(and str (car (split-string str "\n")))))
(defun git-symbolic-ref (ref)
diff --git a/contrib/gitview/gitview b/contrib/gitview/gitview
index 3b6bdce..521b2fc 100755
--- a/contrib/gitview/gitview
+++ b/contrib/gitview/gitview
@@ -497,7 +497,7 @@ class GitView:
fp.close()
def get_encoding(self):
- fp = os.popen("git repo-config --get i18n.commitencoding")
+ fp = os.popen("git config --get i18n.commitencoding")
self.encoding=string.strip(fp.readline())
fp.close()
if (self.encoding == ""):
diff --git a/contrib/remotes2config.sh b/contrib/remotes2config.sh
index b996996..dc09eae 100644
--- a/contrib/remotes2config.sh
+++ b/contrib/remotes2config.sh
@@ -26,8 +26,8 @@ if [ -d "$GIT_DIR"/remotes ]; then
mv "$GIT_DIR"/remotes "$GIT_DIR"/remotes.old
fi ;;
*)
- echo "git-repo-config $key "$value" $regex"
- git-repo-config $key "$value" $regex || error=1 ;;
+ echo "git-config $key "$value" $regex"
+ git-config $key "$value" $regex || error=1 ;;
esac
done
fi
diff --git a/daemon.c b/daemon.c
index f039534..2a20ca5 100644
--- a/daemon.c
+++ b/daemon.c
@@ -372,9 +372,16 @@ static int upload_archive(void)
return -1;
}
+static int receive_pack(void)
+{
+ execl_git_cmd("receive-pack", ".", NULL);
+ return -1;
+}
+
static struct daemon_service daemon_service[] = {
{ "upload-archive", "uploadarch", upload_archive, 0, 1 },
{ "upload-pack", "uploadpack", upload_pack, 1, 1 },
+ { "receive-pack", "receivepack", receive_pack, 0, 1 },
};
static void enable_service(const char *name, int ena) {
@@ -401,7 +408,7 @@ static void make_service_overridable(const char *name, int ena) {
/*
* Separate the "extra args" information as supplied by the client connection.
- * Any resulting data is squirrelled away in the given interpolation table.
+ * Any resulting data is squirreled away in the given interpolation table.
*/
static void parse_extra_args(struct interp *table, char *extra_args, int buflen)
{
diff --git a/git-bisect.sh b/git-bisect.sh
index 6da31e8..e8d3418 100755
--- a/git-bisect.sh
+++ b/git-bisect.sh
@@ -152,7 +152,7 @@ bisect_next() {
nr=$(eval "git-rev-list $rev $good -- $(cat $GIT_DIR/BISECT_NAMES)" | wc -l) || exit
echo "Bisecting: $nr revisions left to test after this"
echo "$rev" > "$GIT_DIR/refs/heads/new-bisect"
- git checkout new-bisect || exit
+ git checkout -q new-bisect || exit
mv "$GIT_DIR/refs/heads/new-bisect" "$GIT_DIR/refs/heads/bisect" &&
GIT_DIR="$GIT_DIR" git-symbolic-ref HEAD refs/heads/bisect
git-show-branch "$rev"
diff --git a/git-checkout.sh b/git-checkout.sh
index 1349e77..2c8cbe4 100755
--- a/git-checkout.sh
+++ b/git-checkout.sh
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
#!/bin/sh
-USAGE='[-f] [-b <new_branch>] [-m] [<branch>] [<paths>...]'
+USAGE='[-q] [-f] [-b <new_branch>] [-m] [<branch>] [<paths>...]'
SUBDIRECTORY_OK=Sometimes
. git-sh-setup
require_work_tree
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ branch=
newbranch=
newbranch_log=
merge=
+quiet=
LF='
'
while [ "$#" != "0" ]; do
@@ -40,6 +41,9 @@ while [ "$#" != "0" ]; do
-m)
merge=1
;;
+ "-q")
+ quiet=1
+ ;;
--)
break
;;
@@ -153,11 +157,11 @@ detach_warn=
if test -z "$branch$newbranch" && test "$new" != "$old"
then
detached="$new"
- if test -n "$oldbranch"
+ if test -n "$oldbranch" && test -z "$quiet"
then
- detach_warn="warning: you are not on ANY branch anymore.
-If you meant to create a new branch from this checkout, you may still do
-so (now or later) by using -b with the checkout command again. Example:
+ detach_warn="Note: moving to \"$new_name\" which isn't a local branch
+If you want to create a new branch from this checkout, you may do so
+(now or later) by using -b with the checkout command again. Example:
git checkout -b <new_branch_name>"
fi
elif test -z "$oldbranch" && test -n "$branch"
@@ -180,8 +184,11 @@ fi
if [ "X$old" = X ]
then
- echo >&2 "warning: You appear to be on a branch yet to be born."
- echo >&2 "warning: Forcing checkout of $new_name."
+ if test -z "$quiet"
+ then
+ echo >&2 "warning: You appear to be on a branch yet to be born."
+ echo >&2 "warning: Forcing checkout of $new_name."
+ fi
force=1
fi
@@ -226,9 +233,9 @@ else
exit 0
)
saved_err=$?
- if test "$saved_err" = 0
+ if test "$saved_err" = 0 && test -z "$quiet"
then
- test "$new" = "$old" || git diff-index --name-status "$new"
+ git diff-index --name-status "$new"
fi
(exit $saved_err)
fi
@@ -251,6 +258,10 @@ if [ "$?" -eq 0 ]; then
if test -n "$branch"
then
GIT_DIR="$GIT_DIR" git-symbolic-ref -m "checkout: moving to $branch" HEAD "refs/heads/$branch"
+ if test -z "$quiet"
+ then
+ echo >&2 "Switched to${newbranch:+ a new} branch \"$branch\""
+ fi
elif test -n "$detached"
then
# NEEDSWORK: we would want a command to detach the HEAD
diff --git a/git-clone.sh b/git-clone.sh
index ced7dfb..4ddfa77 100755
--- a/git-clone.sh
+++ b/git-clone.sh
@@ -36,7 +36,7 @@ clone_dumb_http () {
clone_tmp="$GIT_DIR/clone-tmp" &&
mkdir -p "$clone_tmp" || exit 1
if [ -n "$GIT_CURL_FTP_NO_EPSV" -o \
- "`git-repo-config --bool http.noEPSV`" = true ]; then
+ "`git-config --bool http.noEPSV`" = true ]; then
curl_extra_args="${curl_extra_args} --disable-epsv"
fi
http_fetch "$1/info/refs" "$clone_tmp/refs" ||
@@ -66,48 +66,6 @@ Perhaps git-update-server-info needs to be run there?"
rm -f "$GIT_DIR/REMOTE_HEAD"
}
-# Read git-fetch-pack -k output and store the remote branches.
-copy_refs='
-use File::Path qw(mkpath);
-use File::Basename qw(dirname);
-my $git_dir = $ARGV[0];
-my $use_separate_remote = $ARGV[1];
-my $origin = $ARGV[2];
-
-my $branch_top = ($use_separate_remote ? "remotes/$origin" : "heads");
-my $tag_top = "tags";
-
-sub store {
- my ($sha1, $name, $top) = @_;
- $name = "$git_dir/refs/$top/$name";
- mkpath(dirname($name));
- open O, ">", "$name";
- print O "$sha1\n";
- close O;
-}
-
-open FH, "<", "$git_dir/CLONE_HEAD";
-while (<FH>) {
- my ($sha1, $name) = /^([0-9a-f]{40})\s(.*)$/;
- next if ($name =~ /\^\173/);
- if ($name eq "HEAD") {
- open O, ">", "$git_dir/REMOTE_HEAD";
- print O "$sha1\n";
- close O;
- next;
- }
- if ($name =~ s/^refs\/heads\///) {
- store($sha1, $name, $branch_top);
- next;
- }
- if ($name =~ s/^refs\/tags\///) {
- store($sha1, $name, $tag_top);
- next;
- }
-}
-close FH;
-'
-
quiet=
local=no
use_local=no
@@ -165,7 +123,7 @@ while
shift
upload_pack="--upload-pack=$1" ;;
*,--upload-pack=*)
- upload_pack=--upload-pack=$(expr "$1" : '-[^=]*=\(.*\)') ;;
+ upload_pack=--upload-pack=$(expr "z$1" : 'z-[^=]*=\(.*\)') ;;
1,--depth) usage;;
*,--depth)
shift
@@ -332,8 +290,29 @@ test -d "$GIT_DIR/refs/reference-tmp" && rm -fr "$GIT_DIR/refs/reference-tmp"
if test -f "$GIT_DIR/CLONE_HEAD"
then
# Read git-fetch-pack -k output and store the remote branches.
- @@PERL@@ -e "$copy_refs" "$GIT_DIR" "$use_separate_remote" "$origin" ||
- exit
+ if [ -n "$use_separate_remote" ]
+ then
+ branch_top="remotes/$origin"
+ else
+ branch_top="heads"
+ fi
+ tag_top="tags"
+ while read sha1 name
+ do
+ case "$name" in
+ *'^{}')
+ continue ;;
+ HEAD)
+ destname="REMOTE_HEAD" ;;
+ refs/heads/*)
+ destname="refs/$branch_top/${name#refs/heads/}" ;;
+ refs/tags/*)
+ destname="refs/$tag_top/${name#refs/tags/}" ;;
+ *)
+ continue ;;
+ esac
+ git-update-ref -m "clone: from $repo" "$destname" "$sha1" ""
+ done < "$GIT_DIR/CLONE_HEAD"
fi
cd "$D" || exit
@@ -386,17 +365,17 @@ then
git-update-ref HEAD "$head_sha1" &&
# Upstream URL
- git-repo-config remote."$origin".url "$repo" &&
+ git-config remote."$origin".url "$repo" &&
# Set up the mappings to track the remote branches.
- git-repo-config remote."$origin".fetch \
+ git-config remote."$origin".fetch \
"+refs/heads/*:$remote_top/*" '^$' &&
rm -f "refs/remotes/$origin/HEAD"
git-symbolic-ref "refs/remotes/$origin/HEAD" \
"refs/remotes/$origin/$head_points_at" &&
- git-repo-config branch."$head_points_at".remote "$origin" &&
- git-repo-config branch."$head_points_at".merge "refs/heads/$head_points_at"
+ git-config branch."$head_points_at".remote "$origin" &&
+ git-config branch."$head_points_at".merge "refs/heads/$head_points_at"
esac
case "$no_checkout" in
diff --git a/git-commit.sh b/git-commit.sh
index d8c236b..ec506d9 100755
--- a/git-commit.sh
+++ b/git-commit.sh
@@ -429,7 +429,7 @@ then
fi
elif test "$use_commit" != ""
then
- encoding=$(git repo-config i18n.commitencoding || echo UTF-8)
+ encoding=$(git config i18n.commitencoding || echo UTF-8)
git show -s --pretty=raw --encoding="$encoding" "$use_commit" |
sed -e '1,/^$/d' -e 's/^ //'
elif test -f "$GIT_DIR/MERGE_MSG"
@@ -442,8 +442,11 @@ fi | git-stripspace >"$GIT_DIR"/COMMIT_EDITMSG
case "$signoff" in
t)
+ need_blank_before_signoff=
+ tail -n 1 "$GIT_DIR"/COMMIT_EDITMSG |
+ grep 'Signed-off-by:' >/dev/null || need_blank_before_signoff=yes
{
- echo
+ test -z "$need_blank_before_signoff" || echo
git-var GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT | sed -e '
s/>.*/>/
s/^/Signed-off-by: /
@@ -485,7 +488,7 @@ then
q
}
'
- encoding=$(git repo-config i18n.commitencoding || echo UTF-8)
+ encoding=$(git config i18n.commitencoding || echo UTF-8)
set_author_env=`git show -s --pretty=raw --encoding="$encoding" "$use_commit" |
LANG=C LC_ALL=C sed -ne "$pick_author_script"`
eval "$set_author_env"
@@ -525,6 +528,7 @@ else
rloga='commit (initial)'
current=''
fi
+set_reflog_action "$rloga"
if test -z "$no_edit"
then
@@ -599,7 +603,7 @@ then
fi &&
commit=$(cat "$GIT_DIR"/COMMIT_MSG | git-commit-tree $tree $PARENTS) &&
rlogm=$(sed -e 1q "$GIT_DIR"/COMMIT_MSG) &&
- git-update-ref -m "$rloga: $rlogm" HEAD $commit "$current" &&
+ git-update-ref -m "$GIT_REFLOG_ACTION: $rlogm" HEAD $commit "$current" &&
rm -f -- "$GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD" "$GIT_DIR/MERGE_MSG" &&
if test -f "$NEXT_INDEX"
then
diff --git a/git-cvsserver.perl b/git-cvsserver.perl
index e18e901..9371788 100755
--- a/git-cvsserver.perl
+++ b/git-cvsserver.perl
@@ -172,11 +172,11 @@ sub req_Root
return 0;
}
- my @gitvars = `git-repo-config -l`;
+ my @gitvars = `git-config -l`;
if ($?) {
- print "E problems executing git-repo-config on the server -- this is not a git repository or the PATH is not set correctly.\n";
+ print "E problems executing git-config on the server -- this is not a git repository or the PATH is not set correctly.\n";
print "E \n";
- print "error 1 - problem executing git-repo-config\n";
+ print "error 1 - problem executing git-config\n";
return 0;
}
foreach my $line ( @gitvars )
diff --git a/git-fetch.sh b/git-fetch.sh
index 61c8cf4..357cac2 100755
--- a/git-fetch.sh
+++ b/git-fetch.sh
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ do
;;
--upl=*|--uplo=*|--uploa=*|--upload=*|\
--upload-=*|--upload-p=*|--upload-pa=*|--upload-pac=*|--upload-pack=*)
- exec=--upload-pack=$(expr "$1" : '-[^=]*=\(.*\)')
+ exec=--upload-pack=$(expr "z$1" : 'z-[^=]*=\(.*\)')
shift
;;
-f|--f|--fo|--for|--forc|--force)
@@ -321,7 +321,7 @@ fetch_main () {
curl_extra_args="-k"
fi
if [ -n "$GIT_CURL_FTP_NO_EPSV" -o \
- "`git-repo-config --bool http.noEPSV`" = true ]; then
+ "`git-config --bool http.noEPSV`" = true ]; then
noepsv_opt="--disable-epsv"
fi
diff --git a/git-instaweb.sh b/git-instaweb.sh
index 80adc83..cbc7418 100755
--- a/git-instaweb.sh
+++ b/git-instaweb.sh
@@ -15,11 +15,11 @@ case "$GIT_DIR" in
fqgitdir="$PWD/$GIT_DIR" ;;
esac
-local="`git repo-config --bool --get instaweb.local`"
-httpd="`git repo-config --get instaweb.httpd`"
-browser="`git repo-config --get instaweb.browser`"
-port=`git repo-config --get instaweb.port`
-module_path="`git repo-config --get instaweb.modulepath`"
+local="`git config --bool --get instaweb.local`"
+httpd="`git config --get instaweb.httpd`"
+browser="`git config --get instaweb.browser`"
+port=`git config --get instaweb.port`
+module_path="`git config --get instaweb.modulepath`"
conf=$GIT_DIR/gitweb/httpd.conf
diff --git a/git-lost-found.sh b/git-lost-found.sh
index b928f2c..9360804 100755
--- a/git-lost-found.sh
+++ b/git-lost-found.sh
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ fi
laf="$GIT_DIR/lost-found"
rm -fr "$laf" && mkdir -p "$laf/commit" "$laf/other" || exit
-git fsck-objects --full |
+git fsck --full |
while read dangling type sha1
do
case "$dangling" in
diff --git a/git-ls-remote.sh b/git-ls-remote.sh
index dd22783..8ea5c5e 100755
--- a/git-ls-remote.sh
+++ b/git-ls-remote.sh
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ do
shift;;
-u=*|--u=*|--up=*|--upl=*|--uplo=*|--uploa=*|--upload=*|\
--upload-=*|--upload-p=*|--upload-pa=*|--upload-pac=*|--upload-pack=*)
- exec=--upload-pack=$(expr "$1" : '-[^=]*=\(.*\)')
+ exec=--upload-pack=$(expr "z$1" : 'z-[^=]*=\(.*\)')
shift;;
--)
shift; break ;;
@@ -58,7 +58,7 @@ http://* | https://* | ftp://* )
curl_extra_args="-k"
fi
if [ -n "$GIT_CURL_FTP_NO_EPSV" -o \
- "`git-repo-config --bool http.noEPSV`" = true ]; then
+ "`git-config --bool http.noEPSV`" = true ]; then
curl_extra_args="${curl_extra_args} --disable-epsv"
fi
curl -nsf $curl_extra_args --header "Pragma: no-cache" "$peek_repo/info/refs" ||
diff --git a/git-merge-resolve.sh b/git-merge-resolve.sh
index 0a8ef21..75e1de4 100755
--- a/git-merge-resolve.sh
+++ b/git-merge-resolve.sh
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@
# Copyright (c) 2005 Linus Torvalds
# Copyright (c) 2005 Junio C Hamano
#
-# Resolve two trees, using enhancd multi-base read-tree.
+# Resolve two trees, using enhanced multi-base read-tree.
# The first parameters up to -- are merge bases; the rest are heads.
bases= head= remotes= sep_seen=
diff --git a/git-merge.sh b/git-merge.sh
index 6568691..04a5eb0 100755
--- a/git-merge.sh
+++ b/git-merge.sh
@@ -233,7 +233,7 @@ case "$use_strategies" in
'')
case "$#" in
1)
- var="`git-repo-config --get pull.twohead`"
+ var="`git-config --get pull.twohead`"
if test -n "$var"
then
use_strategies="$var"
@@ -241,7 +241,7 @@ case "$use_strategies" in
use_strategies="$default_twohead_strategies"
fi ;;
*)
- var="`git-repo-config --get pull.octopus`"
+ var="`git-config --get pull.octopus`"
if test -n "$var"
then
use_strategies="$var"
diff --git a/git-p4import.py b/git-p4import.py
index 5c56cac..60a758b 100644
--- a/git-p4import.py
+++ b/git-p4import.py
@@ -193,13 +193,13 @@ class git_command:
def get_config(self, variable):
try:
- return self.git("repo-config --get %s" % variable)[0].rstrip()
+ return self.git("config --get %s" % variable)[0].rstrip()
except:
return None
def set_config(self, variable, value):
try:
- self.git("repo-config %s %s"%(variable, value) )
+ self.git("config %s %s"%(variable, value) )
except:
die("Could not set %s to " % variable, value)
diff --git a/git-parse-remote.sh b/git-parse-remote.sh
index 7e87f2e..3e783b7 100755
--- a/git-parse-remote.sh
+++ b/git-parse-remote.sh
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ get_data_source () {
echo ''
;;
*)
- if test "$(git-repo-config --get "remote.$1.url")"
+ if test "$(git-config --get "remote.$1.url")"
then
echo config
elif test -f "$GIT_DIR/remotes/$1"
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ get_remote_url () {
echo "$1"
;;
config)
- git-repo-config --get "remote.$1.url"
+ git-config --get "remote.$1.url"
;;
remotes)
sed -ne '/^URL: */{
@@ -50,7 +50,7 @@ get_remote_url () {
get_default_remote () {
curr_branch=$(git-symbolic-ref -q HEAD | sed -e 's|^refs/heads/||')
- origin=$(git-repo-config --get "branch.$curr_branch.remote")
+ origin=$(git-config --get "branch.$curr_branch.remote")
echo ${origin:-origin}
}
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ get_remote_default_refs_for_push () {
'' | branches)
;; # no default push mapping, just send matching refs.
config)
- git-repo-config --get-all "remote.$1.push" ;;
+ git-config --get-all "remote.$1.push" ;;
remotes)
sed -ne '/^Push: */{
s///p
@@ -146,7 +146,7 @@ canon_refs_list_for_fetch () {
then
curr_branch=$(git-symbolic-ref -q HEAD | \
sed -e 's|^refs/heads/||')
- merge_branches=$(git-repo-config \
+ merge_branches=$(git-config \
--get-all "branch.${curr_branch}.merge")
fi
if test -z "$merge_branches" && test $is_explicit != explicit
@@ -183,7 +183,7 @@ canon_refs_list_for_fetch () {
done
fi
case "$remote" in
- '') remote=HEAD ;;
+ '' | HEAD ) remote=HEAD ;;
refs/heads/* | refs/tags/* | refs/remotes/*) ;;
heads/* | tags/* | remotes/* ) remote="refs/$remote" ;;
*) remote="refs/heads/$remote" ;;
@@ -212,7 +212,7 @@ get_remote_default_refs_for_fetch () {
echo "HEAD:" ;;
config)
canon_refs_list_for_fetch -d "$1" \
- $(git-repo-config --get-all "remote.$1.fetch") ;;
+ $(git-config --get-all "remote.$1.fetch") ;;
branches)
remote_branch=$(sed -ne '/#/s/.*#//p' "$GIT_DIR/branches/$1")
case "$remote_branch" in '') remote_branch=master ;; esac
@@ -291,7 +291,7 @@ get_uploadpack () {
data_source=$(get_data_source "$1")
case "$data_source" in
config)
- uplp=$(git-repo-config --get "remote.$1.uploadpack")
+ uplp=$(git-config --get "remote.$1.uploadpack")
echo ${uplp:-git-upload-pack}
;;
*)
diff --git a/git-quiltimport.sh b/git-quiltimport.sh
index 2ae1f20..671a5ff 100755
--- a/git-quiltimport.sh
+++ b/git-quiltimport.sh
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ if ! [ -d "$QUILT_PATCHES" ] ; then
exit 1
fi
-# Temporay directories
+# Temporary directories
tmp_dir=.dotest
tmp_msg="$tmp_dir/msg"
tmp_patch="$tmp_dir/patch"
diff --git a/git-rebase.sh b/git-rebase.sh
index 99cedad..9d2f71d 100755
--- a/git-rebase.sh
+++ b/git-rebase.sh
@@ -249,7 +249,8 @@ fi
git-update-index --refresh || exit
diff=$(git-diff-index --cached --name-status -r HEAD)
case "$diff" in
-?*) echo "$diff"
+?*) echo "cannot rebase: your index is not up-to-date"
+ echo "$diff"
exit 1
;;
esac
diff --git a/git-remote.perl b/git-remote.perl
index fc055b6..f16ff21 100755
--- a/git-remote.perl
+++ b/git-remote.perl
@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@ sub list_remote {
my ($git) = @_;
my %seen = ();
my @remotes = eval {
- $git->command(qw(repo-config --get-regexp), '^remote\.');
+ $git->command(qw(config --get-regexp), '^remote\.');
};
for (@remotes) {
if (/^remote\.([^.]*)\.(\S*)\s+(.*)$/) {
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ sub list_branch {
my ($git) = @_;
my %seen = ();
my @branches = eval {
- $git->command(qw(repo-config --get-regexp), '^branch\.');
+ $git->command(qw(config --get-regexp), '^branch\.');
};
for (@branches) {
if (/^branch\.([^.]*)\.(\S*)\s+(.*)$/) {
@@ -130,7 +130,7 @@ sub update_ls_remote {
$info->{'LS_REMOTE'} = \@ref;
}
-sub show_wildcard_mapping {
+sub list_wildcard_mapping {
my ($forced, $ours, $ls) = @_;
my %refs;
for (@$ls) {
@@ -156,25 +156,14 @@ sub show_wildcard_mapping {
push @tracked, $_;
}
}
- if (@new) {
- print " New remote branches (next fetch will store in remotes/$ours)\n";
- print " @new\n";
- }
- if (@stale) {
- print " Stale tracking branches in remotes/$ours (you'd better remove them)\n";
- print " @stale\n";
- }
- if (@tracked) {
- print " Tracked remote branches\n";
- print " @tracked\n";
- }
+ return \@new, \@stale, \@tracked;
}
-sub show_mapping {
+sub list_mapping {
my ($name, $info) = @_;
my $fetch = $info->{'FETCH'};
my $ls = $info->{'LS_REMOTE'};
- my (@stale, @tracked);
+ my (@new, @stale, @tracked);
for (@$fetch) {
next unless (/(\+)?([^:]+):(.*)/);
@@ -182,7 +171,11 @@ sub show_mapping {
if ($theirs eq 'refs/heads/*' &&
$ours =~ /^refs\/remotes\/(.*)\/\*$/) {
# wildcard mapping
- show_wildcard_mapping($forced, $1, $ls);
+ my ($w_new, $w_stale, $w_tracked)
+ = list_wildcard_mapping($forced, $1, $ls);
+ push @new, @$w_new;
+ push @stale, @$w_stale;
+ push @tracked, @$w_tracked;
}
elsif ($theirs =~ /\*/ || $ours =~ /\*/) {
print STDERR "Warning: unrecognized mapping in remotes.$name.fetch: $_\n";
@@ -196,13 +189,40 @@ sub show_mapping {
}
}
}
- if (@stale) {
- print " Stale tracking branches in remotes/$name (you'd better remove them)\n";
- print " @stale\n";
+ return \@new, \@stale, \@tracked;
+}
+
+sub show_mapping {
+ my ($name, $info) = @_;
+ my ($new, $stale, $tracked) = list_mapping($name, $info);
+ if (@$new) {
+ print " New remote branches (next fetch will store in remotes/$name)\n";
+ print " @$new\n";
}
- if (@tracked) {
+ if (@$stale) {
+ print " Stale tracking branches in remotes/$name (use 'git remote prune')\n";
+ print " @$stale\n";
+ }
+ if (@$tracked) {
print " Tracked remote branches\n";
- print " @tracked\n";
+ print " @$tracked\n";
+ }
+}
+
+sub prune_remote {
+ my ($name, $ls_remote) = @_;
+ if (!exists $remote->{$name}) {
+ print STDERR "No such remote $name\n";
+ return;
+ }
+ my $info = $remote->{$name};
+ update_ls_remote($ls_remote, $info);
+
+ my ($new, $stale, $tracked) = list_mapping($name, $info);
+ my $prefix = "refs/remotes/$name";
+ foreach my $to_prune (@$stale) {
+ my @v = $git->command(qw(rev-parse --verify), "$prefix/$to_prune");
+ $git->command(qw(update-ref -d), "$prefix/$to_prune", $v[0]);
}
}
@@ -238,8 +258,8 @@ sub add_remote {
print STDERR "remote $name already exists.\n";
exit(1);
}
- $git->command('repo-config', "remote.$name.url", $url);
- $git->command('repo-config', "remote.$name.fetch",
+ $git->command('config', "remote.$name.url", $url);
+ $git->command('config', "remote.$name.fetch",
"+refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/$name/*");
}
@@ -267,6 +287,25 @@ elsif ($ARGV[0] eq 'show') {
show_remote($ARGV[$i], $ls_remote);
}
}
+elsif ($ARGV[0] eq 'prune') {
+ my $ls_remote = 1;
+ my $i;
+ for ($i = 1; $i < @ARGV; $i++) {
+ if ($ARGV[$i] eq '-n') {
+ $ls_remote = 0;
+ }
+ else {
+ last;
+ }
+ }
+ if ($i >= @ARGV) {
+ print STDERR "Usage: git remote prune <remote>\n";
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ for (; $i < @ARGV; $i++) {
+ prune_remote($ARGV[$i], $ls_remote);
+ }
+}
elsif ($ARGV[0] eq 'add') {
if (@ARGV != 3) {
print STDERR "Usage: git remote add <name> <url>\n";
@@ -278,5 +317,6 @@ else {
print STDERR "Usage: git remote\n";
print STDERR " git remote add <name> <url>\n";
print STDERR " git remote show <name>\n";
+ print STDERR " git remote prune <name>\n";
exit(1);
}
diff --git a/git-repack.sh b/git-repack.sh
index da8e67f..ddfa8b4 100755
--- a/git-repack.sh
+++ b/git-repack.sh
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ done
# Later we will default repack.UseDeltaBaseOffset to true
default_dbo=false
-case "`git repo-config --bool repack.usedeltabaseoffset ||
+case "`git config --bool repack.usedeltabaseoffset ||
echo $default_dbo`" in
true)
extra="$extra --delta-base-offset" ;;
diff --git a/git-revert.sh b/git-revert.sh
index bb8f1ca..49f0032 100755
--- a/git-revert.sh
+++ b/git-revert.sh
@@ -54,6 +54,8 @@ do
shift
done
+set_reflog_action "$me"
+
test "$me,$replay" = "revert,t" && usage
case "$no_commit" in
@@ -81,7 +83,7 @@ prev=$(git-rev-parse --verify "$commit^1" 2>/dev/null) ||
git-rev-parse --verify "$commit^2" >/dev/null 2>&1 &&
die "Cannot run $me a multi-parent commit."
-encoding=$(git repo-config i18n.commitencoding || echo UTF-8)
+encoding=$(git config i18n.commitencoding || echo UTF-8)
# "commit" is an existing commit. We would want to apply
# the difference it introduces since its first parent "prev"
diff --git a/git-send-email.perl b/git-send-email.perl
index 8dc2ee0..6a285bf 100755
--- a/git-send-email.perl
+++ b/git-send-email.perl
@@ -408,7 +408,7 @@ sub unquote_rfc2047 {
s/_/ /g;
s/=([0-9A-F]{2})/chr(hex($1))/eg;
}
- return "$_ - unquoted";
+ return "$_";
}
sub send_message
diff --git a/git-sh-setup.sh b/git-sh-setup.sh
index 6b1c142..b4aa4b2 100755
--- a/git-sh-setup.sh
+++ b/git-sh-setup.sh
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ set_reflog_action() {
}
is_bare_repository () {
- git-repo-config --bool --get core.bare ||
+ git-config --bool --get core.bare ||
case "$GIT_DIR" in
.git | */.git) echo false ;;
*) echo true ;;
diff --git a/git-svn.perl b/git-svn.perl
index 83ec03d..8ebaae9 100755
--- a/git-svn.perl
+++ b/git-svn.perl
@@ -593,7 +593,7 @@ sub multi_init {
"$trunk_url ($_trunk)\n";
}
init($trunk_url);
- command_noisy('repo-config', 'svn.trunk', $trunk_url);
+ command_noisy('config', 'svn.trunk', $trunk_url);
}
}
$_prefix = '' unless defined $_prefix;
@@ -681,7 +681,7 @@ sub show_log {
process_commit($_, $r_min, $r_max) foreach reverse @k;
}
out:
- eval { command_close_pipe($log) };
+ close $log;
print '-' x72,"\n" unless $_incremental || $_oneline;
}
@@ -772,22 +772,22 @@ sub log_use_color {
return 1 if $_color;
my ($dc, $dcvar);
$dcvar = 'color.diff';
- $dc = `git-repo-config --get $dcvar`;
+ $dc = `git-config --get $dcvar`;
if ($dc eq '') {
# nothing at all; fallback to "diff.color"
$dcvar = 'diff.color';
- $dc = `git-repo-config --get $dcvar`;
+ $dc = `git-config --get $dcvar`;
}
chomp($dc);
if ($dc eq 'auto') {
my $pc;
- $pc = `git-repo-config --get color.pager`;
+ $pc = `git-config --get color.pager`;
if ($pc eq '') {
# does not have it -- fallback to pager.color
- $pc = `git-repo-config --bool --get pager.color`;
+ $pc = `git-config --bool --get pager.color`;
}
else {
- $pc = `git-repo-config --bool --get color.pager`;
+ $pc = `git-config --bool --get color.pager`;
if ($?) {
$pc = 'false';
}
@@ -800,7 +800,7 @@ sub log_use_color {
}
return 0 if $dc eq 'never';
return 1 if $dc eq 'always';
- chomp($dc = `git-repo-config --bool --get $dcvar`);
+ chomp($dc = `git-config --bool --get $dcvar`);
return ($dc eq 'true');
}
@@ -919,7 +919,7 @@ sub complete_url_ls_init {
waitpid $pid, 0;
croak $? if $?;
my ($n) = ($switch =~ /^--(\w+)/);
- command_noisy('repo-config', "svn.$n", $full_url);
+ command_noisy('config', "svn.$n", $full_url);
}
sub common_prefix {
@@ -1475,7 +1475,7 @@ sub map_tree_joins {
$seen{$commit} = 1;
}
}
- eval { command_close_pipe($pipe) };
+ close $pipe;
}
}
@@ -1594,7 +1594,7 @@ sub init_vars {
%tree_map = ();
}
-# convert GetOpt::Long specs for use by git-repo-config
+# convert GetOpt::Long specs for use by git-config
sub read_repo_config {
return unless -d $GIT_DIR;
my $opts = shift;
@@ -1602,7 +1602,7 @@ sub read_repo_config {
my $v = $opts->{$o};
my ($key) = ($o =~ /^([a-z\-]+)/);
$key =~ s/-//g;
- my $arg = 'git-repo-config';
+ my $arg = 'git-config';
$arg .= ' --int' if ($o =~ /[:=]i$/);
$arg .= ' --bool' if ($o !~ /[:=][sfi]$/);
if (ref $v eq 'ARRAY') {
@@ -1669,7 +1669,7 @@ sub write_grafts {
last unless /^\S/;
}
}
- eval { command_close_pipe($ch) }; # breaking the pipe
+ close $ch; # breaking the pipe
# if real parents are the only ones in the grafts, drop it
next if join(' ',sort keys %$p) eq join(' ',sort keys %x);
@@ -1766,7 +1766,7 @@ sub get_commit_time {
} elsif ($tz =~ s/^\-//) {
$s -= tz_to_s_offset($tz);
}
- eval { command_close_pipe($fh) };
+ close $fh;
return $s;
}
die "Can't get commit time for commit: $cmt\n";
@@ -2846,7 +2846,7 @@ sub rmdirs {
delete $rm->{join '/', @dn};
}
unless (%$rm) {
- eval { command_close_pipe($fh) };
+ close $fh;
return;
}
}
diff --git a/git-tag.sh b/git-tag.sh
index 988bf4c..4a0a7b6 100755
--- a/git-tag.sh
+++ b/git-tag.sh
@@ -113,8 +113,9 @@ object=$(git-rev-parse --verify --default HEAD "$@") || exit 1
type=$(git-cat-file -t $object) || exit 1
tagger=$(git-var GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT) || exit 1
-keyid=$(git-repo-config user.signingkey) ||
- keyid=$(expr "z$tagger" : 'z\(.*>\)')
+test -n "$username" ||
+ username=$(git-repo-config user.signingkey) ||
+ username=$(expr "z$tagger" : 'z\(.*>\)')
trap 'rm -f "$GIT_DIR"/TAG_TMP* "$GIT_DIR"/TAG_FINALMSG "$GIT_DIR"/TAG_EDITMSG' 0
@@ -141,7 +142,7 @@ if [ "$annotate" ]; then
cat "$GIT_DIR"/TAG_FINALMSG ) >"$GIT_DIR"/TAG_TMP
rm -f "$GIT_DIR"/TAG_TMP.asc "$GIT_DIR"/TAG_FINALMSG
if [ "$signed" ]; then
- gpg -bsa -u "$keyid" "$GIT_DIR"/TAG_TMP &&
+ gpg -bsa -u "$username" "$GIT_DIR"/TAG_TMP &&
cat "$GIT_DIR"/TAG_TMP.asc >>"$GIT_DIR"/TAG_TMP ||
die "failed to sign the tag with GPG."
fi
diff --git a/git.c b/git.c
index 530e99f..fb03a54 100644
--- a/git.c
+++ b/git.c
@@ -217,13 +217,14 @@ static void handle_internal_command(int argc, const char **argv, char **envp)
{ "annotate", cmd_annotate, USE_PAGER },
{ "apply", cmd_apply },
{ "archive", cmd_archive },
- { "blame", cmd_blame, RUN_SETUP | USE_PAGER },
+ { "blame", cmd_blame, RUN_SETUP },
{ "branch", cmd_branch, RUN_SETUP },
{ "cat-file", cmd_cat_file, RUN_SETUP },
{ "checkout-index", cmd_checkout_index, RUN_SETUP },
{ "check-ref-format", cmd_check_ref_format },
{ "cherry", cmd_cherry, RUN_SETUP },
{ "commit-tree", cmd_commit_tree, RUN_SETUP },
+ { "config", cmd_config },
{ "count-objects", cmd_count_objects, RUN_SETUP },
{ "describe", cmd_describe, RUN_SETUP },
{ "diff", cmd_diff, RUN_SETUP | USE_PAGER },
@@ -234,6 +235,8 @@ static void handle_internal_command(int argc, const char **argv, char **envp)
{ "fmt-merge-msg", cmd_fmt_merge_msg, RUN_SETUP },
{ "for-each-ref", cmd_for_each_ref, RUN_SETUP },
{ "format-patch", cmd_format_patch, RUN_SETUP },
+ { "fsck", cmd_fsck, RUN_SETUP },
+ { "fsck-objects", cmd_fsck, RUN_SETUP },
{ "get-tar-commit-id", cmd_get_tar_commit_id },
{ "grep", cmd_grep, RUN_SETUP },
{ "help", cmd_help },
@@ -254,7 +257,7 @@ static void handle_internal_command(int argc, const char **argv, char **envp)
{ "push", cmd_push, RUN_SETUP },
{ "read-tree", cmd_read_tree, RUN_SETUP },
{ "reflog", cmd_reflog, RUN_SETUP },
- { "repo-config", cmd_repo_config },
+ { "repo-config", cmd_config },
{ "rerere", cmd_rerere, RUN_SETUP },
{ "rev-list", cmd_rev_list, RUN_SETUP },
{ "rev-parse", cmd_rev_parse, RUN_SETUP },
diff --git a/gitk b/gitk
index 031c829..31d0aad 100755
--- a/gitk
+++ b/gitk
@@ -6193,7 +6193,7 @@ set wrcomcmd "git diff-tree --stdin -p --pretty"
set gitencoding {}
catch {
- set gitencoding [exec git repo-config --get i18n.commitencoding]
+ set gitencoding [exec git config --get i18n.commitencoding]
}
if {$gitencoding == ""} {
set gitencoding "utf-8"
diff --git a/gitweb/gitweb.perl b/gitweb/gitweb.perl
index 88af2e6..a2076a6 100755
--- a/gitweb/gitweb.perl
+++ b/gitweb/gitweb.perl
@@ -834,7 +834,7 @@ sub file_type_long {
## ----------------------------------------------------------------------
## functions returning short HTML fragments, or transforming HTML fragments
-## which don't beling to other sections
+## which don't belong to other sections
# format line of commit message.
sub format_log_line_html {
@@ -986,7 +986,7 @@ sub git_get_project_config {
$key =~ s/^gitweb\.//;
return if ($key =~ m/\W/);
- my @x = (git_cmd(), 'repo-config');
+ my @x = (git_cmd(), 'config');
if (defined $type) { push @x, $type; }
push @x, "--get";
push @x, "gitweb.$key";
diff --git a/http-fetch.c b/http-fetch.c
index efd494a..9f790a0 100644
--- a/http-fetch.c
+++ b/http-fetch.c
@@ -1069,7 +1069,7 @@ int main(int argc, const char **argv)
fprintf(stderr,
"Some loose object were found to be corrupt, but they might be just\n"
"a false '404 Not Found' error message sent with incorrect HTTP\n"
-"status code. Suggest running git fsck-objects.\n");
+"status code. Suggest running git-fsck.\n");
}
return rc;
}
diff --git a/ident.c b/ident.c
index 6de7eea..a6fc7b5 100644
--- a/ident.c
+++ b/ident.c
@@ -178,8 +178,8 @@ static const char *env_hint =
"\n"
"Run\n"
"\n"
-" git repo-config user.email \"you@email.com\"\n"
-" git repo-config user.name \"Your Name\"\n"
+" git config user.email \"you@email.com\"\n"
+" git config user.name \"Your Name\"\n"
"\n"
"To set the identity in this repository.\n"
"Add --global to set your account\'s default\n"
diff --git a/merge-recursive.c b/merge-recursive.c
index fa320eb..a68fcc6 100644
--- a/merge-recursive.c
+++ b/merge-recursive.c
@@ -386,7 +386,7 @@ struct rename
};
/*
- * Get information of all renames which occured between 'o_tree' and
+ * Get information of all renames which occurred between 'o_tree' and
* 'tree'. We need the three trees in the merge ('o_tree', 'a_tree' and
* 'b_tree') to be able to associate the correct cache entries with
* the rename information. 'tree' is always equal to either a_tree or b_tree.
@@ -891,7 +891,7 @@ static int process_renames(struct path_list *a_renames,
struct diff_filespec src_other, dst_other;
int try_merge, stage = a_renames == renames1 ? 3: 2;
- remove_file(1, ren1_src, index_only);
+ remove_file(1, ren1_src, index_only || stage == 3);
hashcpy(src_other.sha1, ren1->src_entry->stages[stage].sha);
src_other.mode = ren1->src_entry->stages[stage].mode;
@@ -1175,7 +1175,7 @@ static struct commit_list *reverse_commit_list(struct commit_list *list)
/*
* Merge the commits h1 and h2, return the resulting virtual
- * commit object and a flag indicating the cleaness of the merge.
+ * commit object and a flag indicating the cleanness of the merge.
*/
static int merge(struct commit *h1,
struct commit *h2,
@@ -1222,8 +1222,8 @@ static int merge(struct commit *h1,
/*
* When the merge fails, the result contains files
* with conflict markers. The cleanness flag is
- * ignored, it was never acutally used, as result of
- * merge_trees has always overwritten it: the commited
+ * ignored, it was never actually used, as result of
+ * merge_trees has always overwritten it: the committed
* "conflicts" were already resolved.
*/
discard_cache();
diff --git a/perl/Git.pm b/perl/Git.pm
index c1729ba..f2c156c 100644
--- a/perl/Git.pm
+++ b/perl/Git.pm
@@ -354,7 +354,7 @@ sub command_input_pipe {
=item command_close_pipe ( PIPE [, CTX ] )
Close the C<PIPE> as returned from C<command_*_pipe()>, checking
-whether the command finished successfuly. The optional C<CTX> argument
+whether the command finished successfully. The optional C<CTX> argument
is required if you want to see the command name in the error message,
and it is the second value returned by C<command_*_pipe()> when
called in array context. The call idiom is:
@@ -482,14 +482,14 @@ sub wc_chdir {
=item config ( VARIABLE )
-Retrieve the configuration C<VARIABLE> in the same manner as C<repo-config>
+Retrieve the configuration C<VARIABLE> in the same manner as C<config>
does. In scalar context requires the variable to be set only one time
(exception is thrown otherwise), in array context returns allows the
variable to be set multiple times and returns all the values.
Must be called on a repository instance.
-This currently wraps command('repo-config') so it is not so fast.
+This currently wraps command('config') so it is not so fast.
=cut
@@ -500,9 +500,9 @@ sub config {
try {
if (wantarray) {
- return $self->command('repo-config', '--get-all', $var);
+ return $self->command('config', '--get-all', $var);
} else {
- return $self->command_oneline('repo-config', '--get', $var);
+ return $self->command_oneline('config', '--get', $var);
}
} catch Git::Error::Command with {
my $E = shift;
diff --git a/perl/private-Error.pm b/perl/private-Error.pm
index 8fff866..11e9cd9 100644
--- a/perl/private-Error.pm
+++ b/perl/private-Error.pm
@@ -781,7 +781,7 @@ that is a plain string. (Unless C<$Error::ObjectifyCallback> is modified)
This variable holds a reference to a subroutine that converts errors that
are plain strings to objects. It is used by Error.pm to convert textual
-errors to objects, and can be overrided by the user.
+errors to objects, and can be overridden by the user.
It accepts a single argument which is a hash reference to named parameters.
Currently the only named parameter passed is C<'text'> which is the text
diff --git a/ppc/sha1ppc.S b/ppc/sha1ppc.S
index 140cb53..f132696 100644
--- a/ppc/sha1ppc.S
+++ b/ppc/sha1ppc.S
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@
* %r0 - temp
* %r3 - argument (pointer to 5 words of SHA state)
* %r4 - argument (pointer to data to hash)
- * %r5 - Contant K in SHA round (initially number of blocks to hash)
+ * %r5 - Constant K in SHA round (initially number of blocks to hash)
* %r6-%r10 - Working copies of SHA variables A..E (actually E..A order)
* %r11-%r26 - Data being hashed W[].
* %r27-%r31 - Previous copies of A..E, for final add back.
@@ -48,7 +48,7 @@
* E += ROTL(A,5) + F(B,C,D) + W[i] + K; B = ROTL(B,30)
* Then the variables are renamed: (A,B,C,D,E) = (E,A,B,C,D).
*
- * Every 20 rounds, the function F() and the contant K changes:
+ * Every 20 rounds, the function F() and the constant K changes:
* - 20 rounds of f0(b,c,d) = "bit wise b ? c : d" = (^b & d) + (b & c)
* - 20 rounds of f1(b,c,d) = b^c^d = (b^d)^c
* - 20 rounds of f2(b,c,d) = majority(b,c,d) = (b&d) + ((b^d)&c)
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@
* These are all scheduled for near-optimal performance on a G4.
* The G4 is a 3-issue out-of-order machine with 3 ALUs, but it can only
* *consider* starting the oldest 3 instructions per cycle. So to get
- * maximum performace out of it, you have to treat it as an in-order
+ * maximum performance out of it, you have to treat it as an in-order
* machine. Which means interleaving the computation round t with the
* computation of W[t+4].
*
diff --git a/quote.c b/quote.c
index a418a0f..fb9e4ca 100644
--- a/quote.c
+++ b/quote.c
@@ -387,3 +387,37 @@ void python_quote_print(FILE *stream, const char *src)
}
fputc(sq, stream);
}
+
+void tcl_quote_print(FILE *stream, const char *src)
+{
+ char c;
+
+ fputc('"', stream);
+ while ((c = *src++)) {
+ switch (c) {
+ case '[': case ']':
+ case '{': case '}':
+ case '$': case '\\': case '"':
+ fputc('\\', stream);
+ default:
+ fputc(c, stream);
+ break;
+ case '\f':
+ fputs("\\f", stream);
+ break;
+ case '\r':
+ fputs("\\r", stream);
+ break;
+ case '\n':
+ fputs("\\n", stream);
+ break;
+ case '\t':
+ fputs("\\t", stream);
+ break;
+ case '\v':
+ fputs("\\v", stream);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ fputc('"', stream);
+}
diff --git a/quote.h b/quote.h
index b55e699..bdc3610 100644
--- a/quote.h
+++ b/quote.h
@@ -55,5 +55,6 @@ extern void write_name_quoted(const char *prefix, int prefix_len,
/* quoting as a string literal for other languages */
extern void perl_quote_print(FILE *stream, const char *src);
extern void python_quote_print(FILE *stream, const char *src);
+extern void tcl_quote_print(FILE *stream, const char *src);
#endif
diff --git a/reflog-walk.c b/reflog-walk.c
index 8262160..653ec95 100644
--- a/reflog-walk.c
+++ b/reflog-walk.c
@@ -165,6 +165,14 @@ void add_reflog_for_walk(struct reflog_walk_info *info,
if (item)
reflogs = item->util;
else {
+ if (*branch == '\0') {
+ unsigned char sha1[20];
+ const char *head = resolve_ref("HEAD", sha1, 0, NULL);
+ if (!head)
+ die ("No current branch");
+ free(branch);
+ branch = xstrdup(head);
+ }
reflogs = read_complete_reflog(branch);
if (!reflogs || reflogs->nr == 0)
die("No reflogs found for '%s'", branch);
diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index da09e43..03e8dfe 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -663,6 +663,8 @@ struct ref_lock *lock_ref_sha1(const char *ref, const unsigned char *old_sha1)
struct ref_lock *lock_any_ref_for_update(const char *ref, const unsigned char *old_sha1)
{
+ if (check_ref_format(ref) == -1)
+ return NULL;
return lock_ref_sha1_basic(ref, old_sha1, NULL);
}
diff --git a/send-pack.c b/send-pack.c
index cd478dd..33e69db 100644
--- a/send-pack.c
+++ b/send-pack.c
@@ -25,6 +25,8 @@ static int pack_objects(int fd, struct ref *refs)
if (pipe(pipe_fd) < 0)
return error("send-pack: pipe failed");
pid = fork();
+ if (pid < 0)
+ return error("send-pack: unable to fork git-pack-objects");
if (!pid) {
/*
* The child becomes pack-objects --revs; we feed
diff --git a/server-info.c b/server-info.c
index 6cd38be..f9be5a7 100644
--- a/server-info.c
+++ b/server-info.c
@@ -10,6 +10,8 @@ static FILE *info_ref_fp;
static int add_info_ref(const char *path, const unsigned char *sha1, int flag, void *cb_data)
{
struct object *o = parse_object(sha1);
+ if (!o)
+ return -1;
fprintf(info_ref_fp, "%s %s\n", sha1_to_hex(sha1), path);
if (o->type == OBJ_TAG) {
diff --git a/sha1_file.c b/sha1_file.c
index 498665e..1526a28 100644
--- a/sha1_file.c
+++ b/sha1_file.c
@@ -552,7 +552,11 @@ void unuse_pack(struct pack_window **w_cursor)
}
}
-static void open_packed_git(struct packed_git *p)
+/*
+ * Do not call this directly as this leaks p->pack_fd on error return;
+ * call open_packed_git() instead.
+ */
+static int open_packed_git_1(struct packed_git *p)
{
struct stat st;
struct pack_header hdr;
@@ -562,49 +566,61 @@ static void open_packed_git(struct packed_git *p)
p->pack_fd = open(p->pack_name, O_RDONLY);
if (p->pack_fd < 0 || fstat(p->pack_fd, &st))
- die("packfile %s cannot be opened", p->pack_name);
+ return -1;
/* If we created the struct before we had the pack we lack size. */
if (!p->pack_size) {
if (!S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
- die("packfile %s not a regular file", p->pack_name);
+ return error("packfile %s not a regular file", p->pack_name);
p->pack_size = st.st_size;
} else if (p->pack_size != st.st_size)
- die("packfile %s size changed", p->pack_name);
+ return error("packfile %s size changed", p->pack_name);
/* We leave these file descriptors open with sliding mmap;
* there is no point keeping them open across exec(), though.
*/
fd_flag = fcntl(p->pack_fd, F_GETFD, 0);
if (fd_flag < 0)
- die("cannot determine file descriptor flags");
+ return error("cannot determine file descriptor flags");
fd_flag |= FD_CLOEXEC;
if (fcntl(p->pack_fd, F_SETFD, fd_flag) == -1)
- die("cannot set FD_CLOEXEC");
+ return error("cannot set FD_CLOEXEC");
/* Verify we recognize this pack file format. */
if (read_in_full(p->pack_fd, &hdr, sizeof(hdr)) != sizeof(hdr))
- die("file %s is far too short to be a packfile", p->pack_name);
+ return error("file %s is far too short to be a packfile", p->pack_name);
if (hdr.hdr_signature != htonl(PACK_SIGNATURE))
- die("file %s is not a GIT packfile", p->pack_name);
+ return error("file %s is not a GIT packfile", p->pack_name);
if (!pack_version_ok(hdr.hdr_version))
- die("packfile %s is version %u and not supported"
+ return error("packfile %s is version %u and not supported"
" (try upgrading GIT to a newer version)",
p->pack_name, ntohl(hdr.hdr_version));
/* Verify the pack matches its index. */
if (num_packed_objects(p) != ntohl(hdr.hdr_entries))
- die("packfile %s claims to have %u objects"
+ return error("packfile %s claims to have %u objects"
" while index size indicates %u objects",
p->pack_name, ntohl(hdr.hdr_entries),
num_packed_objects(p));
if (lseek(p->pack_fd, p->pack_size - sizeof(sha1), SEEK_SET) == -1)
- die("end of packfile %s is unavailable", p->pack_name);
+ return error("end of packfile %s is unavailable", p->pack_name);
if (read_in_full(p->pack_fd, sha1, sizeof(sha1)) != sizeof(sha1))
- die("packfile %s signature is unavailable", p->pack_name);
+ return error("packfile %s signature is unavailable", p->pack_name);
idx_sha1 = ((unsigned char *)p->index_base) + p->index_size - 40;
if (hashcmp(sha1, idx_sha1))
- die("packfile %s does not match index", p->pack_name);
+ return error("packfile %s does not match index", p->pack_name);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int open_packed_git(struct packed_git *p)
+{
+ if (!open_packed_git_1(p))
+ return 0;
+ if (p->pack_fd != -1) {
+ close(p->pack_fd);
+ p->pack_fd = -1;
+ }
+ return -1;
}
static int in_window(struct pack_window *win, unsigned long offset)
@@ -627,8 +643,8 @@ unsigned char* use_pack(struct packed_git *p,
{
struct pack_window *win = *w_cursor;
- if (p->pack_fd == -1)
- open_packed_git(p);
+ if (p->pack_fd == -1 && open_packed_git(p))
+ die("packfile %s cannot be accessed", p->pack_name);
/* Since packfiles end in a hash of their content and its
* pointless to ask for an offset into the middle of that
@@ -779,7 +795,7 @@ static void prepare_packed_git_one(char *objdir, int local)
if (!has_extension(de->d_name, ".idx"))
continue;
- /* we have .idx. Is it a file we can map? */
+ /* Don't reopen a pack we already have. */
strcpy(path + len, de->d_name);
for (p = packed_git; p; p = p->next) {
if (!memcmp(path, p->pack_name, len + namelen - 4))
@@ -787,11 +803,13 @@ static void prepare_packed_git_one(char *objdir, int local)
}
if (p)
continue;
+ /* See if it really is a valid .idx file with corresponding
+ * .pack file that we can map.
+ */
p = add_packed_git(path, len + namelen, local);
if (!p)
continue;
- p->next = packed_git;
- packed_git = p;
+ install_packed_git(p);
}
closedir(dir);
}
@@ -1145,7 +1163,7 @@ static unsigned long unpack_object_header(struct packed_git *p,
/* use_pack() assures us we have [base, base + 20) available
* as a range that we can look at at. (Its actually the hash
- * size that is assurred.) With our object header encoding
+ * size that is assured.) With our object header encoding
* the maximum deflated object size is 2^137, which is just
* insane, so we know won't exceed what we have been given.
*/
@@ -1405,6 +1423,18 @@ static int find_pack_entry(const unsigned char *sha1, struct pack_entry *e, cons
}
offset = find_pack_entry_one(sha1, p);
if (offset) {
+ /*
+ * We are about to tell the caller where they can
+ * locate the requested object. We better make
+ * sure the packfile is still here and can be
+ * accessed before supplying that answer, as
+ * it may have been deleted since the index
+ * was loaded!
+ */
+ if (p->pack_fd == -1 && open_packed_git(p)) {
+ error("packfile %s cannot be accessed", p->pack_name);
+ continue;
+ }
e->offset = offset;
e->p = p;
hashcpy(e->sha1, sha1);
diff --git a/sha1_name.c b/sha1_name.c
index 9dfb3ac..de8caf8 100644
--- a/sha1_name.c
+++ b/sha1_name.c
@@ -279,7 +279,7 @@ static int get_sha1_basic(const char *str, int len, unsigned char *sha1)
/* basic@{time or number} format to query ref-log */
reflog_len = at = 0;
if (str[len-1] == '}') {
- for (at = 1; at < len - 1; at++) {
+ for (at = 0; at < len - 1; at++) {
if (str[at] == '@' && str[at+1] == '{') {
reflog_len = (len-1) - (at+2);
len = at;
@@ -289,10 +289,14 @@ static int get_sha1_basic(const char *str, int len, unsigned char *sha1)
}
/* Accept only unambiguous ref paths. */
- if (ambiguous_path(str, len))
+ if (len && ambiguous_path(str, len))
return -1;
- refs_found = dwim_ref(str, len, sha1, &real_ref);
+ if (!len && reflog_len) {
+ /* allow "@{...}" to mean the current branch reflog */
+ refs_found = dwim_ref("HEAD", 4, sha1, &real_ref);
+ } else
+ refs_found = dwim_ref(str, len, sha1, &real_ref);
if (!refs_found)
return -1;
@@ -301,12 +305,27 @@ static int get_sha1_basic(const char *str, int len, unsigned char *sha1)
fprintf(stderr, warning, len, str);
if (reflog_len) {
- /* Is it asking for N-th entry, or approxidate? */
int nth, i;
unsigned long at_time;
unsigned long co_time;
int co_tz, co_cnt;
+ /*
+ * We'll have an independent reflog for "HEAD" eventually
+ * which won't be a synonym for the current branch reflog.
+ * In the mean time prevent people from getting used to
+ * such a synonym until the work is completed.
+ */
+ if (len && !strncmp("HEAD", str, len) &&
+ !strncmp(real_ref, "refs/", 5)) {
+ error("reflog for HEAD has not been implemented yet\n"
+ "Maybe you could try %s%s instead, "
+ "or just %s for current branch..",
+ strchr(real_ref+5, '/')+1, str+len, str+len);
+ exit(-1);
+ }
+
+ /* Is it asking for N-th entry, or approxidate? */
for (i = nth = 0; 0 <= nth && i < reflog_len; i++) {
char ch = str[at+2+i];
if ('0' <= ch && ch <= '9')
diff --git a/t/t1004-read-tree-m-u-wf.sh b/t/t1004-read-tree-m-u-wf.sh
index 4f664f6..c11420a 100755
--- a/t/t1004-read-tree-m-u-wf.sh
+++ b/t/t1004-read-tree-m-u-wf.sh
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ test_expect_success 'three-way not complaining on an untracked path in both' '
git-read-tree -m -u branch-point master side
'
-test_expect_success 'three-way not cloberring a working tree file' '
+test_expect_success 'three-way not clobbering a working tree file' '
git reset --hard &&
rm -f file2 subdir/file2 file3 subdir/file3 &&
diff --git a/t/t1020-subdirectory.sh b/t/t1020-subdirectory.sh
index c090c96..1e8f9e5 100755
--- a/t/t1020-subdirectory.sh
+++ b/t/t1020-subdirectory.sh
@@ -106,21 +106,21 @@ test_expect_success 'read-tree' '
cmp ../one ../original.one
'
-test_expect_success 'no file/rev ambuguity check inside .git' '
+test_expect_success 'no file/rev ambiguity check inside .git' '
cd $HERE &&
git commit -a -m 1 &&
cd $HERE/.git &&
git show -s HEAD
'
-test_expect_success 'no file/rev ambuguity check inside a bare repo' '
+test_expect_success 'no file/rev ambiguity check inside a bare repo' '
cd $HERE &&
git clone -s --bare .git foo.git &&
cd foo.git && GIT_DIR=. git show -s HEAD
'
# This still does not work as it should...
-: test_expect_success 'no file/rev ambuguity check inside a bare repo' '
+: test_expect_success 'no file/rev ambiguity check inside a bare repo' '
cd $HERE &&
git clone -s --bare .git foo.git &&
cd foo.git && git show -s HEAD
diff --git a/t/t1300-repo-config.sh b/t/t1300-repo-config.sh
index 0e4f32d..49b5666 100755
--- a/t/t1300-repo-config.sh
+++ b/t/t1300-repo-config.sh
@@ -3,13 +3,13 @@
# Copyright (c) 2005 Johannes Schindelin
#
-test_description='Test git-repo-config in different settings'
+test_description='Test git-config in different settings'
. ./test-lib.sh
test -f .git/config && rm .git/config
-git-repo-config core.penguin "little blue"
+git-config core.penguin "little blue"
cat > expect << EOF
[core]
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'initial' 'cmp .git/config expect'
-git-repo-config Core.Movie BadPhysics
+git-config Core.Movie BadPhysics
cat > expect << EOF
[core]
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'mixed case' 'cmp .git/config expect'
-git-repo-config Cores.WhatEver Second
+git-config Cores.WhatEver Second
cat > expect << EOF
[core]
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'similar section' 'cmp .git/config expect'
-git-repo-config CORE.UPPERCASE true
+git-config CORE.UPPERCASE true
cat > expect << EOF
[core]
@@ -54,10 +54,10 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'similar section' 'cmp .git/config expect'
test_expect_success 'replace with non-match' \
- 'git-repo-config core.penguin kingpin !blue'
+ 'git-config core.penguin kingpin !blue'
test_expect_success 'replace with non-match (actually matching)' \
- 'git-repo-config core.penguin "very blue" !kingpin'
+ 'git-config core.penguin "very blue" !kingpin'
cat > expect << EOF
[core]
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ EOF
cp .git/config .git/config2
test_expect_success 'multiple unset' \
- 'git-repo-config --unset-all beta.haha'
+ 'git-config --unset-all beta.haha'
cat > expect << EOF
[beta] ; silly comment # another comment
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ test_expect_success 'multiple unset is correct' 'cmp .git/config expect'
mv .git/config2 .git/config
test_expect_success '--replace-all' \
- 'git-repo-config --replace-all beta.haha gamma'
+ 'git-config --replace-all beta.haha gamma'
cat > expect << EOF
[beta] ; silly comment # another comment
@@ -116,7 +116,7 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'all replaced' 'cmp .git/config expect'
-git-repo-config beta.haha alpha
+git-config beta.haha alpha
cat > expect << EOF
[beta] ; silly comment # another comment
@@ -130,7 +130,7 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'really mean test' 'cmp .git/config expect'
-git-repo-config nextsection.nonewline wow
+git-config nextsection.nonewline wow
cat > expect << EOF
[beta] ; silly comment # another comment
@@ -145,8 +145,8 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'really really mean test' 'cmp .git/config expect'
-test_expect_success 'get value' 'test alpha = $(git-repo-config beta.haha)'
-git-repo-config --unset beta.haha
+test_expect_success 'get value' 'test alpha = $(git-config beta.haha)'
+git-config --unset beta.haha
cat > expect << EOF
[beta] ; silly comment # another comment
@@ -160,7 +160,7 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'unset' 'cmp .git/config expect'
-git-repo-config nextsection.NoNewLine "wow2 for me" "for me$"
+git-config nextsection.NoNewLine "wow2 for me" "for me$"
cat > expect << EOF
[beta] ; silly comment # another comment
@@ -176,18 +176,18 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'multivar' 'cmp .git/config expect'
test_expect_success 'non-match' \
- 'git-repo-config --get nextsection.nonewline !for'
+ 'git-config --get nextsection.nonewline !for'
test_expect_success 'non-match value' \
- 'test wow = $(git-repo-config --get nextsection.nonewline !for)'
+ 'test wow = $(git-config --get nextsection.nonewline !for)'
test_expect_failure 'ambiguous get' \
- 'git-repo-config --get nextsection.nonewline'
+ 'git-config --get nextsection.nonewline'
test_expect_success 'get multivar' \
- 'git-repo-config --get-all nextsection.nonewline'
+ 'git-config --get-all nextsection.nonewline'
-git-repo-config nextsection.nonewline "wow3" "wow$"
+git-config nextsection.nonewline "wow3" "wow$"
cat > expect << EOF
[beta] ; silly comment # another comment
@@ -202,15 +202,15 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'multivar replace' 'cmp .git/config expect'
-test_expect_failure 'ambiguous value' 'git-repo-config nextsection.nonewline'
+test_expect_failure 'ambiguous value' 'git-config nextsection.nonewline'
test_expect_failure 'ambiguous unset' \
- 'git-repo-config --unset nextsection.nonewline'
+ 'git-config --unset nextsection.nonewline'
test_expect_failure 'invalid unset' \
- 'git-repo-config --unset somesection.nonewline'
+ 'git-config --unset somesection.nonewline'
-git-repo-config --unset nextsection.nonewline "wow3$"
+git-config --unset nextsection.nonewline "wow3$"
cat > expect << EOF
[beta] ; silly comment # another comment
@@ -224,12 +224,12 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'multivar unset' 'cmp .git/config expect'
-test_expect_failure 'invalid key' 'git-repo-config inval.2key blabla'
+test_expect_failure 'invalid key' 'git-config inval.2key blabla'
-test_expect_success 'correct key' 'git-repo-config 123456.a123 987'
+test_expect_success 'correct key' 'git-config 123456.a123 987'
test_expect_success 'hierarchical section' \
- 'git-repo-config Version.1.2.3eX.Alpha beta'
+ 'git-config Version.1.2.3eX.Alpha beta'
cat > expect << EOF
[beta] ; silly comment # another comment
@@ -255,7 +255,7 @@ version.1.2.3eX.alpha=beta
EOF
test_expect_success 'working --list' \
- 'git-repo-config --list > output && cmp output expect'
+ 'git-config --list > output && cmp output expect'
cat > expect << EOF
beta.noindent sillyValue
@@ -263,9 +263,9 @@ nextsection.nonewline wow2 for me
EOF
test_expect_success '--get-regexp' \
- 'git-repo-config --get-regexp in > output && cmp output expect'
+ 'git-config --get-regexp in > output && cmp output expect'
-git-repo-config --add nextsection.nonewline "wow4 for you"
+git-config --add nextsection.nonewline "wow4 for you"
cat > expect << EOF
wow2 for me
@@ -273,7 +273,7 @@ wow4 for you
EOF
test_expect_success '--add' \
- 'git-repo-config --get-all nextsection.nonewline > output && cmp output expect'
+ 'git-config --get-all nextsection.nonewline > output && cmp output expect'
cat > .git/config << EOF
[novalue]
@@ -281,9 +281,9 @@ cat > .git/config << EOF
EOF
test_expect_success 'get variable with no value' \
- 'git-repo-config --get novalue.variable ^$'
+ 'git-config --get novalue.variable ^$'
-git-repo-config > output 2>&1
+git-config > output 2>&1
test_expect_success 'no arguments, but no crash' \
"test $? = 129 && grep usage output"
@@ -293,7 +293,7 @@ cat > .git/config << EOF
c = d
EOF
-git-repo-config a.x y
+git-config a.x y
cat > expect << EOF
[a.b]
@@ -304,8 +304,8 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'new section is partial match of another' 'cmp .git/config expect'
-git-repo-config b.x y
-git-repo-config a.b c
+git-config b.x y
+git-config a.b c
cat > expect << EOF
[a.b]
@@ -328,11 +328,11 @@ cat > expect << EOF
ein.bahn=strasse
EOF
-GIT_CONFIG=other-config git-repo-config -l > output
+GIT_CONFIG=other-config git-config -l > output
test_expect_success 'alternative GIT_CONFIG' 'cmp output expect'
-GIT_CONFIG=other-config git-repo-config anwohner.park ausweis
+GIT_CONFIG=other-config git-config anwohner.park ausweis
cat > expect << EOF
[ein]
@@ -355,7 +355,7 @@ weird
EOF
test_expect_success "rename section" \
- "git-repo-config --rename-section branch.eins branch.zwei"
+ "git-config --rename-section branch.eins branch.zwei"
cat > expect << EOF
# Hallo
@@ -371,12 +371,12 @@ EOF
test_expect_success "rename succeeded" "diff -u expect .git/config"
test_expect_failure "rename non-existing section" \
- 'git-repo-config --rename-section branch."world domination" branch.drei'
+ 'git-config --rename-section branch."world domination" branch.drei'
test_expect_success "rename succeeded" "diff -u expect .git/config"
test_expect_success "rename another section" \
- 'git-repo-config --rename-section branch."1 234 blabl/a" branch.drei'
+ 'git-config --rename-section branch."1 234 blabl/a" branch.drei'
cat > expect << EOF
# Hallo
@@ -393,20 +393,20 @@ test_expect_success "rename succeeded" "diff -u expect .git/config"
test_expect_success numbers '
- git-repo-config kilo.gram 1k &&
- git-repo-config mega.ton 1m &&
- k=$(git-repo-config --int --get kilo.gram) &&
+ git-config kilo.gram 1k &&
+ git-config mega.ton 1m &&
+ k=$(git-config --int --get kilo.gram) &&
test z1024 = "z$k" &&
- m=$(git-repo-config --int --get mega.ton) &&
+ m=$(git-config --int --get mega.ton) &&
test z1048576 = "z$m"
'
rm .git/config
-git-repo-config quote.leading " test"
-git-repo-config quote.ending "test "
-git-repo-config quote.semicolon "test;test"
-git-repo-config quote.hash "test#test"
+git-config quote.leading " test"
+git-config quote.ending "test "
+git-config quote.semicolon "test;test"
+git-config quote.hash "test#test"
cat > expect << EOF
[quote]
@@ -418,10 +418,10 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'quoting' 'cmp .git/config expect'
-test_expect_failure 'key with newline' 'git repo-config key.with\\\
+test_expect_failure 'key with newline' 'git config key.with\\\
newline 123'
-test_expect_success 'value with newline' 'git repo-config key.sub value.with\\\
+test_expect_success 'value with newline' 'git config key.sub value.with\\\
newline'
cat > .git/config <<\EOF
@@ -440,7 +440,7 @@ section.noncont=not continued
section.quotecont=cont;inued
EOF
-git repo-config --list > result
+git config --list > result
test_expect_success 'value continued on next line' 'cmp result expect'
diff --git a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
index e48e2b7..d0aba2c 100755
--- a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
+++ b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
@@ -93,8 +93,8 @@ rm -rf .git/$m .git/logs expect
test_expect_success \
'enable core.logAllRefUpdates' \
- 'git-repo-config core.logAllRefUpdates true &&
- test true = $(git-repo-config --bool --get core.logAllRefUpdates)'
+ 'git-config core.logAllRefUpdates true &&
+ test true = $(git-config --bool --get core.logAllRefUpdates)'
test_expect_success \
"create $m (logged by config)" \
diff --git a/t/t1410-reflog.sh b/t/t1410-reflog.sh
index 8e8d526..e5bbc38 100755
--- a/t/t1410-reflog.sh
+++ b/t/t1410-reflog.sh
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ check_have () {
}
check_fsck () {
- output=$(git fsck-objects --full)
+ output=$(git fsck --full)
case "$1" in
'')
test -z "$output" ;;
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ test_expect_success setup '
check_fsck &&
chmod +x C &&
- ( test "`git repo-config --bool core.filemode`" != false ||
+ ( test "`git config --bool core.filemode`" != false ||
echo executable >>C ) &&
git add C &&
test_tick && git commit -m dragon &&
diff --git a/t/t3200-branch.sh b/t/t3200-branch.sh
index bb80e42..5565c27 100755
--- a/t/t3200-branch.sh
+++ b/t/t3200-branch.sh
@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@ test_expect_failure \
git-branch r &&
git-branch -m q r/q'
-git-repo-config branch.s/s.dummy Hello
+git-config branch.s/s.dummy Hello
test_expect_success \
'git branch -m s/s s should work when s/t is deleted' \
@@ -107,8 +107,8 @@ test_expect_success \
test -f .git/logs/refs/heads/s'
test_expect_success 'config information was renamed, too' \
- "test $(git-repo-config branch.s.dummy) = Hello &&
- ! git-repo-config branch.s/s/dummy"
+ "test $(git-config branch.s.dummy) = Hello &&
+ ! git-config branch.s/s/dummy"
test_expect_failure \
'git-branch -m u v should fail when the reflog for u is a symlink' \
diff --git a/t/t3700-add.sh b/t/t3700-add.sh
index e98786d..caaab26 100755
--- a/t/t3700-add.sh
+++ b/t/t3700-add.sh
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@ test_expect_success \
test_expect_success \
'git-add: Test that executable bit is not used if core.filemode=0' \
- 'git repo-config core.filemode 0 &&
+ 'git config core.filemode 0 &&
echo foo >xfoo1 &&
chmod 755 xfoo1 &&
git-add xfoo1 &&
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ test_expect_success \
test_expect_success \
'git-update-index --add: Test that executable bit is not used...' \
- 'git repo-config core.filemode 0 &&
+ 'git config core.filemode 0 &&
echo foo >xfoo2 &&
chmod 755 xfoo2 &&
git-update-index --add xfoo2 &&
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ test_expect_success \
test_expect_success \
'git-update-index --add: Test that executable bit is not used...' \
- 'git repo-config core.filemode 0 &&
+ 'git config core.filemode 0 &&
ln -s xfoo2 xfoo3 &&
git-update-index --add xfoo3 &&
case "`git-ls-files --stage xfoo3`" in
diff --git a/t/t3800-mktag.sh b/t/t3800-mktag.sh
index ede4d42..7c7e433 100755
--- a/t/t3800-mktag.sh
+++ b/t/t3800-mktag.sh
@@ -172,7 +172,7 @@ EOF
check_verify_failure 'verify tag-name check'
############################################################
-# 11. tagger line lable check #1
+# 11. tagger line label check #1
cat >tag.sig <<EOF
object $head
@@ -187,7 +187,7 @@ EOF
check_verify_failure '"tagger" line label check #1'
############################################################
-# 12. tagger line lable check #2
+# 12. tagger line label check #2
cat >tag.sig <<EOF
object $head
diff --git a/t/t3900-i18n-commit.sh b/t/t3900-i18n-commit.sh
index 6714b0d..e54fe0f 100755
--- a/t/t3900-i18n-commit.sh
+++ b/t/t3900-i18n-commit.sh
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ test_expect_success 'no encoding header for base case' '
for H in ISO-8859-1 EUCJP ISO-2022-JP
do
test_expect_success "$H setup" '
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding $H &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding $H &&
git-checkout -b $H C0 &&
echo $H >F &&
git-commit -a -F ../t3900/$H.txt
@@ -44,16 +44,16 @@ do
'
done
-test_expect_success 'repo-config to remove customization' '
- git-repo-config --unset-all i18n.commitencoding &&
- if Z=$(git-repo-config --get-all i18n.commitencoding)
+test_expect_success 'config to remove customization' '
+ git-config --unset-all i18n.commitencoding &&
+ if Z=$(git-config --get-all i18n.commitencoding)
then
echo Oops, should have failed.
false
else
test z = "z$Z"
fi &&
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding utf-8
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding utf-8
'
test_expect_success 'ISO-8859-1 should be shown in UTF-8 now' '
@@ -67,9 +67,9 @@ do
'
done
-test_expect_success 'repo-config to add customization' '
- git-repo-config --unset-all i18n.commitencoding &&
- if Z=$(git-repo-config --get-all i18n.commitencoding)
+test_expect_success 'config to add customization' '
+ git-config --unset-all i18n.commitencoding &&
+ if Z=$(git-config --get-all i18n.commitencoding)
then
echo Oops, should have failed.
false
@@ -81,13 +81,13 @@ test_expect_success 'repo-config to add customization' '
for H in ISO-8859-1 EUCJP ISO-2022-JP
do
test_expect_success "$H should be shown in itself now" '
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding '$H' &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding '$H' &&
compare_with '$H' ../t3900/'$H'.txt
'
done
-test_expect_success 'repo-config to tweak customization' '
- git-repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding utf-8
+test_expect_success 'config to tweak customization' '
+ git-config i18n.logoutputencoding utf-8
'
test_expect_success 'ISO-8859-1 should be shown in UTF-8 now' '
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ done
for J in EUCJP ISO-2022-JP
do
- git-repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding $J
+ git-config i18n.logoutputencoding $J
for H in EUCJP ISO-2022-JP
do
test_expect_success "$H should be shown in $J now" '
diff --git a/t/t3901-i18n-patch.sh b/t/t3901-i18n-patch.sh
index eda0e2d..a881797 100755
--- a/t/t3901-i18n-patch.sh
+++ b/t/t3901-i18n-patch.sh
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ check_encoding () {
}
test_expect_success setup '
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
# use UTF-8 in author and committer name to match the
# i18n.commitencoding settings
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@ test_expect_success setup '
git commit -s -m "Second on side" &&
# the second one on the side branch is ISO-8859-1
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
# use author and committer name in ISO-8859-1 to match it.
. ../t3901-8859-1.txt &&
test_tick &&
@@ -64,11 +64,11 @@ test_expect_success setup '
git commit -s -m "Third on side" &&
# Back to default
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8
'
test_expect_success 'format-patch output (ISO-8859-1)' '
- git-repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git-config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
git format-patch --stdout master..HEAD^ >out-l1 &&
git format-patch --stdout HEAD^ >out-l2 &&
@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ test_expect_success 'format-patch output (ISO-8859-1)' '
'
test_expect_success 'format-patch output (UTF-8)' '
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
git format-patch --stdout master..HEAD^ >out-u1 &&
git format-patch --stdout HEAD^ >out-u2 &&
@@ -91,13 +91,13 @@ test_expect_success 'format-patch output (UTF-8)' '
test_expect_success 'rebase (U/U)' '
# We want the result of rebase in UTF-8
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
# The test is about logoutputencoding not affecting the
# final outcome -- it is used internally to generate the
# patch and the log.
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
# The result will be committed by GIT_COMMITTER_NAME --
# we want UTF-8 encoded name.
@@ -109,8 +109,8 @@ test_expect_success 'rebase (U/U)' '
'
test_expect_success 'rebase (U/L)' '
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
. ../t3901-utf8.txt &&
git reset --hard side &&
@@ -121,8 +121,8 @@ test_expect_success 'rebase (U/L)' '
test_expect_success 'rebase (L/L)' '
# In this test we want ISO-8859-1 encoded commits as the result
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
. ../t3901-8859-1.txt &&
git reset --hard side &&
@@ -134,8 +134,8 @@ test_expect_success 'rebase (L/L)' '
test_expect_success 'rebase (L/U)' '
# This is pathological -- use UTF-8 as intermediate form
# to get ISO-8859-1 results.
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
. ../t3901-8859-1.txt &&
git reset --hard side &&
@@ -147,8 +147,8 @@ test_expect_success 'rebase (L/U)' '
test_expect_success 'cherry-pick(U/U)' '
# Both the commitencoding and logoutputencoding is set to UTF-8.
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
. ../t3901-utf8.txt &&
git reset --hard master &&
@@ -162,8 +162,8 @@ test_expect_success 'cherry-pick(U/U)' '
test_expect_success 'cherry-pick(L/L)' '
# Both the commitencoding and logoutputencoding is set to ISO-8859-1
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
. ../t3901-8859-1.txt &&
git reset --hard master &&
@@ -177,8 +177,8 @@ test_expect_success 'cherry-pick(L/L)' '
test_expect_success 'cherry-pick(U/L)' '
# Commitencoding is set to UTF-8 but logoutputencoding is ISO-8859-1
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
. ../t3901-utf8.txt &&
git reset --hard master &&
@@ -193,8 +193,8 @@ test_expect_success 'cherry-pick(L/U)' '
# Again, the commitencoding is set to ISO-8859-1 but
# logoutputencoding is set to UTF-8.
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
. ../t3901-8859-1.txt &&
git reset --hard master &&
@@ -206,8 +206,8 @@ test_expect_success 'cherry-pick(L/U)' '
'
test_expect_success 'rebase --merge (U/U)' '
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
. ../t3901-utf8.txt &&
git reset --hard side &&
@@ -217,8 +217,8 @@ test_expect_success 'rebase --merge (U/U)' '
'
test_expect_success 'rebase --merge (U/L)' '
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
. ../t3901-utf8.txt &&
git reset --hard side &&
@@ -229,8 +229,8 @@ test_expect_success 'rebase --merge (U/L)' '
test_expect_success 'rebase --merge (L/L)' '
# In this test we want ISO-8859-1 encoded commits as the result
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
. ../t3901-8859-1.txt &&
git reset --hard side &&
@@ -242,8 +242,8 @@ test_expect_success 'rebase --merge (L/L)' '
test_expect_success 'rebase --merge (L/U)' '
# This is pathological -- use UTF-8 as intermediate form
# to get ISO-8859-1 results.
- git-repo-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
- git repo-config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
+ git-config i18n.commitencoding ISO-8859-1 &&
+ git config i18n.logoutputencoding UTF-8 &&
. ../t3901-8859-1.txt &&
git reset --hard side &&
diff --git a/t/t4000-diff-format.sh b/t/t4000-diff-format.sh
index 67b9681..9c58d77 100755
--- a/t/t4000-diff-format.sh
+++ b/t/t4000-diff-format.sh
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ test_expect_success \
'git-diff-files -p >current'
# that's as far as it comes
-if [ "$(git repo-config --get core.filemode)" = false ]
+if [ "$(git config --get core.filemode)" = false ]
then
say 'filemode disabled on the filesystem'
test_done
diff --git a/t/t4006-diff-mode.sh b/t/t4006-diff-mode.sh
index 8ad69d1..ca342f4 100755
--- a/t/t4006-diff-mode.sh
+++ b/t/t4006-diff-mode.sh
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@ test_expect_success \
tree=`git-write-tree` &&
echo $tree'
-if [ "$(git repo-config --get core.filemode)" = false ]
+if [ "$(git config --get core.filemode)" = false ]
then
say 'filemode disabled on the filesystem, using update-index --chmod=+x'
test_expect_success \
diff --git a/t/t4013-diff-various.sh b/t/t4013-diff-various.sh
index ed37141..3d85cea 100755
--- a/t/t4013-diff-various.sh
+++ b/t/t4013-diff-various.sh
@@ -73,7 +73,7 @@ test_expect_success setup '
for i in 1 2; do echo $i; done >>dir/sub &&
git update-index file0 dir/sub &&
- git repo-config log.showroot false &&
+ git config log.showroot false &&
git commit --amend &&
git show-branch
'
diff --git a/t/t4102-apply-rename.sh b/t/t4102-apply-rename.sh
index 22da6a0..b4662b0 100755
--- a/t/t4102-apply-rename.sh
+++ b/t/t4102-apply-rename.sh
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ test_expect_success setup \
test_expect_success apply \
'git-apply --index --stat --summary --apply test-patch'
-if [ "$(git repo-config --get core.filemode)" = false ]
+if [ "$(git config --get core.filemode)" = false ]
then
say 'filemode disabled on the filesystem'
else
diff --git a/t/t5000-tar-tree.sh b/t/t5000-tar-tree.sh
index cf08e92..ac835fe 100755
--- a/t/t5000-tar-tree.sh
+++ b/t/t5000-tar-tree.sh
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ commit id embedding:
The contents of the repository is compared to the extracted tar
archive. The repository contains simple text files, symlinks and a
- binary file (/bin/sh). Only pathes shorter than 99 characters are
+ binary file (/bin/sh). Only paths shorter than 99 characters are
used.
git-tar-tree applies the commit date to every file in the archive it
diff --git a/t/t5301-sliding-window.sh b/t/t5301-sliding-window.sh
index 5a7232a..a6dbb04 100755
--- a/t/t5301-sliding-window.sh
+++ b/t/t5301-sliding-window.sh
@@ -30,19 +30,19 @@ test_expect_success \
test_expect_success \
'verify-pack -v, packedGitWindowSize == 1 page' \
- 'git-repo-config core.packedGitWindowSize 512 &&
+ 'git-config core.packedGitWindowSize 512 &&
git-verify-pack -v "$pack1"'
test_expect_success \
'verify-pack -v, packedGit{WindowSize,Limit} == 1 page' \
- 'git-repo-config core.packedGitWindowSize 512 &&
- git-repo-config core.packedGitLimit 512 &&
+ 'git-config core.packedGitWindowSize 512 &&
+ git-config core.packedGitLimit 512 &&
git-verify-pack -v "$pack1"'
test_expect_success \
'repack -a -d, packedGit{WindowSize,Limit} == 1 page' \
- 'git-repo-config core.packedGitWindowSize 512 &&
- git-repo-config core.packedGitLimit 512 &&
+ 'git-config core.packedGitWindowSize 512 &&
+ git-config core.packedGitLimit 512 &&
commit2=`git-commit-tree $tree -p $commit1 </dev/null` &&
git-update-ref HEAD $commit2 &&
git-repack -a -d &&
@@ -53,8 +53,8 @@ test_expect_success \
test_expect_success \
'verify-pack -v, defaults' \
- 'git-repo-config --unset core.packedGitWindowSize &&
- git-repo-config --unset core.packedGitLimit &&
+ 'git-config --unset core.packedGitWindowSize &&
+ git-config --unset core.packedGitLimit &&
git-verify-pack -v "$pack2"'
test_done
diff --git a/t/t5400-send-pack.sh b/t/t5400-send-pack.sh
index 2c15191..7d93d0d 100755
--- a/t/t5400-send-pack.sh
+++ b/t/t5400-send-pack.sh
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ export HOME ;# this way we force the victim/.git/config to be used.
test_expect_success \
'pushing with --force should be denied with denyNonFastforwards' '
cd victim &&
- git-repo-config receive.denyNonFastforwards true &&
+ git-config receive.denyNonFastforwards true &&
cd .. &&
git-update-ref refs/heads/master master^ &&
git-send-pack --force ./victim/.git/ master &&
diff --git a/t/t5500-fetch-pack.sh b/t/t5500-fetch-pack.sh
index 058cce0..48e3d17 100755
--- a/t/t5500-fetch-pack.sh
+++ b/t/t5500-fetch-pack.sh
@@ -63,13 +63,13 @@ pull_to_client () {
case "$heads" in *B*) echo $BTIP > .git/refs/heads/B;; esac
git-symbolic-ref HEAD refs/heads/`echo $heads | sed -e 's/^\(.\).*$/\1/'`
- test_expect_success "fsck" 'git-fsck-objects --full > fsck.txt 2>&1'
+ test_expect_success "fsck" 'git-fsck --full > fsck.txt 2>&1'
test_expect_success 'check downloaded results' \
'mv .git/objects/pack/pack-* . &&
p=`ls -1 pack-*.pack` &&
git-unpack-objects <$p &&
- git-fsck-objects --full'
+ git-fsck --full'
test_expect_success "new object count after $number pull" \
'idx=`echo pack-*.idx` &&
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ pull_to_client () {
mkdir client &&
cd client &&
git-init 2>> log2.txt &&
- git repo-config transfer.unpacklimit 0
+ git config transfer.unpacklimit 0
)
add A1
@@ -145,7 +145,7 @@ test_expect_success "clone shallow object count (part 2)" '
'
test_expect_success "fsck in shallow repo" \
- "(cd shallow; git-fsck-objects --full)"
+ "(cd shallow; git-fsck --full)"
#test_done; exit
diff --git a/t/t5510-fetch.sh b/t/t5510-fetch.sh
index 3ce9446..50c6485 100755
--- a/t/t5510-fetch.sh
+++ b/t/t5510-fetch.sh
@@ -22,14 +22,14 @@ test_expect_success "clone and setup child repos" '
cd .. &&
git clone . two &&
cd two &&
- git repo-config branch.master.remote one &&
- git repo-config remote.one.url ../one/.git/ &&
- git repo-config remote.one.fetch refs/heads/master:refs/heads/one &&
+ git config branch.master.remote one &&
+ git config remote.one.url ../one/.git/ &&
+ git config remote.one.fetch refs/heads/master:refs/heads/one &&
cd .. &&
git clone . three &&
cd three &&
- git repo-config branch.master.remote two &&
- git repo-config branch.master.merge refs/heads/one &&
+ git config branch.master.remote two &&
+ git config branch.master.merge refs/heads/one &&
mkdir -p .git/remotes &&
{
echo "URL: ../two/.git/"
diff --git a/t/t5600-clone-fail-cleanup.sh b/t/t5600-clone-fail-cleanup.sh
index 041be04..1776b37 100755
--- a/t/t5600-clone-fail-cleanup.sh
+++ b/t/t5600-clone-fail-cleanup.sh
@@ -36,7 +36,7 @@ test_expect_success \
'git-clone foo bar'
test_expect_success \
- 'successfull clone must leave the directory' \
+ 'successful clone must leave the directory' \
'cd bar'
test_done
diff --git a/t/t5710-info-alternate.sh b/t/t5710-info-alternate.sh
index b9f6d96..2f8e97c 100755
--- a/t/t5710-info-alternate.sh
+++ b/t/t5710-info-alternate.sh
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@ reachable_via() {
}
test_valid_repo() {
- git fsck-objects --full > fsck.log &&
+ git fsck --full > fsck.log &&
test `wc -l < fsck.log` = 0
}
diff --git a/t/t6023-merge-rename-nocruft.sh b/t/t6023-merge-rename-nocruft.sh
index 69c66cf..65be95f 100755
--- a/t/t6023-merge-rename-nocruft.sh
+++ b/t/t6023-merge-rename-nocruft.sh
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ git add A M &&
git commit -m "initial has A and M" &&
git branch white &&
git branch red &&
+git branch blue &&
git checkout white &&
sed -e "/^g /s/.*/g : white changes a line/" <A >B &&
@@ -58,6 +59,13 @@ echo created by red >R &&
git update-index --add R &&
git commit -m "red creates R" &&
+git checkout blue &&
+sed -e "/^o /s/.*/g : blue changes a line/" <A >B &&
+rm -f A &&
+mv B A &&
+git update-index A &&
+git commit -m "blue modify A" &&
+
git checkout master'
# This test broke in 65ac6e9c3f47807cb603af07a6a9e1a43bc119ae
@@ -94,4 +102,38 @@ test_expect_success 'merge white into red (A->B,M->N)' \
return 0
'
+# This test broke in 8371234ecaaf6e14fe3f2082a855eff1bbd79ae9
+test_expect_success 'merge blue into white (A->B, mod A, A untracked)' \
+'
+ git checkout -b white-blue white &&
+ echo dirty >A &&
+ git merge blue &&
+ git write-tree >/dev/null || {
+ echo "BAD: merge did not complete"
+ return 1
+ }
+
+ test -f A || {
+ echo "BAD: A does not exist in working directory"
+ return 1
+ }
+ test `cat A` = dirty || {
+ echo "BAD: A content is wrong"
+ return 1
+ }
+ test -f B || {
+ echo "BAD: B does not exist in working directory"
+ return 1
+ }
+ test -f N || {
+ echo "BAD: N does not exist in working directory"
+ return 1
+ }
+ test -f M && {
+ echo "BAD: M still exists in working directory"
+ return 1
+ }
+ return 0
+'
+
test_done
diff --git a/t/t6200-fmt-merge-msg.sh b/t/t6200-fmt-merge-msg.sh
index 63e49f3..ea14023 100755
--- a/t/t6200-fmt-merge-msg.sh
+++ b/t/t6200-fmt-merge-msg.sh
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'merge-msg test #3' '
- git repo-config merge.summary true &&
+ git config merge.summary true &&
git checkout master &&
setdate &&
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ EOF
test_expect_success 'merge-msg test #4' '
- git repo-config merge.summary true &&
+ git config merge.summary true &&
git checkout master &&
setdate &&
@@ -150,7 +150,7 @@ test_expect_success 'merge-msg test #4' '
test_expect_success 'merge-msg test #5' '
- git repo-config merge.summary yes &&
+ git config merge.summary yes &&
git checkout master &&
setdate &&
diff --git a/t/t9101-git-svn-props.sh b/t/t9101-git-svn-props.sh
index 46fcec5..a2c4dc3 100755
--- a/t/t9101-git-svn-props.sh
+++ b/t/t9101-git-svn-props.sh
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ name='test svn:keywords ignoring'
test_expect_success "$name" \
'git checkout -b mybranch remotes/git-svn &&
echo Hi again >> kw.c &&
- git commit -a -m "test keywoards ignoring" &&
+ git commit -a -m "test keywords ignoring" &&
git-svn set-tree remotes/git-svn..mybranch &&
git pull . remotes/git-svn'
diff --git a/t/t9200-git-cvsexportcommit.sh b/t/t9200-git-cvsexportcommit.sh
index fd0a554..c443f32 100755
--- a/t/t9200-git-cvsexportcommit.sh
+++ b/t/t9200-git-cvsexportcommit.sh
@@ -169,19 +169,19 @@ test_expect_success \
test "$(echo $(sort "G g/CVS/Entries"|cut -d/ -f2,3,5))" = "with spaces.png/1.2/-kb with spaces.txt/1.2/"
)'
-# This test contains ISO-8859-1 characters
+# This test contains UTF-8 characters
test_expect_success \
'File with non-ascii file name' \
- 'mkdir -p /goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z/// &&
- echo Foo >/goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z////grdetsgrdet.txt &&
- git add /goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z////grdetsgrdet.txt &&
- cp ../test9200a.png /goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z////grdetsgrdet.png &&
- git add /goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z////grdetsgrdet.png &&
- git commit -a -m "Gr det s gr det" && \
+ 'mkdir -p Å/goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z/å/ä/ö &&
+ echo Foo >Å/goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z/å/ä/ö/gårdetsågårdet.txt &&
+ git add Å/goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z/å/ä/ö/gårdetsågårdet.txt &&
+ cp ../test9200a.png Å/goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z/å/ä/ö/gårdetsågårdet.png &&
+ git add Å/goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z/å/ä/ö/gårdetsågårdet.png &&
+ git commit -a -m "Går det så går det" && \
id=$(git rev-list --max-count=1 HEAD) &&
(cd "$CVSWORK" &&
git-cvsexportcommit -v -c $id &&
- test "$(echo $(sort /goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z////CVS/Entries|cut -d/ -f2,3,5))" = "grdetsgrdet.png/1.1/-kb grdetsgrdet.txt/1.1/"
+ test "$(echo $(sort Å/goo/a/b/c/d/e/f/g/h/i/j/k/l/m/n/o/p/q/r/s/t/u/v/w/x/y/z/å/ä/ö/CVS/Entries|cut -d/ -f2,3,5))" = "gårdetsågårdet.png/1.1/-kb gårdetsågårdet.txt/1.1/"
)'
test_expect_success \
@@ -197,6 +197,10 @@ test_expect_success \
! git-cvsexportcommit -c $id
)'
+case "$(git repo-config --bool core.filemode)" in
+false)
+ ;;
+*)
test_expect_success \
'Retain execute bit' \
'mkdir G &&
@@ -211,5 +215,7 @@ test_expect_success \
test -x G/on &&
! test -x G/off
)'
+ ;;
+esac
test_done
diff --git a/t/test-lib.sh b/t/test-lib.sh
index 8e3ee6c..37822fc 100755
--- a/t/test-lib.sh
+++ b/t/test-lib.sh
@@ -30,6 +30,8 @@ unset GIT_INDEX_FILE
unset GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY
unset SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORIES
unset SHA1_FILE_DIRECTORY
+GIT_MERGE_VERBOSITY=5
+export GIT_MERGE_VERBOSITY
export GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL GIT_AUTHOR_NAME
export GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL GIT_COMMITTER_NAME
export EDITOR VISUAL
diff --git a/templates/Makefile b/templates/Makefile
index 9e1ae1a..0eeee43 100644
--- a/templates/Makefile
+++ b/templates/Makefile
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@ prefix ?= $(HOME)
template_dir ?= $(prefix)/share/git-core/templates/
# DESTDIR=
-# Shell quote (do not use $(call) to accomodate ancient setups);
+# Shell quote (do not use $(call) to accommodate ancient setups);
DESTDIR_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(DESTDIR))
template_dir_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(template_dir))
diff --git a/templates/hooks--update b/templates/hooks--update
index 9863a80..d4253cb 100644
--- a/templates/hooks--update
+++ b/templates/hooks--update
@@ -1,89 +1,285 @@
#!/bin/sh
#
# An example hook script to mail out commit update information.
-# It also blocks tags that aren't annotated.
+# It can also blocks tags that aren't annotated.
# Called by git-receive-pack with arguments: refname sha1-old sha1-new
#
-# To enable this hook:
-# (1) change the recipient e-mail address
-# (2) make this file executable by "chmod +x update".
+# To enable this hook, make this file executable by "chmod +x update".
#
+# Config
+# ------
+# hooks.mailinglist
+# This is the list that all pushes will go to; leave it blank to not send
+# emails frequently. The log email will list every log entry in full between
+# the old ref value and the new ref value.
+# hooks.announcelist
+# This is the list that all pushes of annotated tags will go to. Leave it
+# blank to just use the mailinglist field. The announce emails list the
+# short log summary of the changes since the last annotated tag
+# hooks.allowunannotated
+# This boolean sets whether unannotated tags will be allowed into the
+# repository. By default they won't be.
+#
+# Notes
+# -----
+# All emails have their subjects prefixed with "[SCM]" to aid filtering.
+# All emails include the headers "X-Git-Refname", "X-Git-Oldrev",
+# "X-Git-Newrev", and "X-Git-Reftype" to enable fine tuned filtering and info.
-project=$(cat $GIT_DIR/description)
-recipients="commit-list@somewhere.com commit-list@somewhereelse.com"
-
-ref_type=$(git cat-file -t "$3")
-
-# Only allow annotated tags in a shared repo
-# Remove this code to treat dumb tags the same as everything else
-case "$1","$ref_type" in
-refs/tags/*,commit)
- echo "*** Un-annotated tags are not allowed in this repo" >&2
- echo "*** Use 'git tag [ -a | -s ]' for tags you want to propagate." >&2
- exit 1;;
-refs/tags/*,tag)
- echo "### Pushing version '${1##refs/tags/}' to the masses" >&2
- # recipients="release-announce@somwehere.com announce@somewhereelse.com"
- ;;
-esac
+# --- Constants
+EMAILPREFIX="[SCM] "
+LOGBEGIN="- Log -----------------------------------------------------------------"
+LOGEND="-----------------------------------------------------------------------"
+DATEFORMAT="%F %R %z"
+
+# --- Command line
+refname="$1"
+oldrev="$2"
+newrev="$3"
+
+# --- Safety check
+if [ -z "$GIT_DIR" ]; then
+ echo "Don't run this script from the command line." >&2
+ echo " (if you want, you could supply GIT_DIR then run" >&2
+ echo " $0 <ref> <oldrev> <newrev>)" >&2
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+if [ -z "$refname" -o -z "$oldrev" -o -z "$newrev" ]; then
+ echo "Usage: $0 <ref> <oldrev> <newrev>" >&2
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+# --- Config
+projectdesc=$(cat $GIT_DIR/description)
+recipients=$(git-repo-config hooks.mailinglist)
+announcerecipients=$(git-repo-config hooks.announcelist)
+allowunannotated=$(git-repo-config --bool hooks.allowunannotated)
-# set this to 'cat' to get a very detailed listing.
-# short only kicks in when an annotated tag is added
-short='git shortlog'
-
-# see 'date --help' for info on how to write this
-# The default is a human-readable iso8601-like format with minute
-# precision ('2006-01-25 15:58 +0100' for example)
-date_format="%F %R %z"
-
-(if expr "$2" : '0*$' >/dev/null
-then
- # new ref
- case "$1" in
- refs/tags/*)
- # a pushed and annotated tag (usually) means a new version
- tag="${1##refs/tags/}"
- if [ "$ref_type" = tag ]; then
- eval $(git cat-file tag $3 | \
- sed -n '4s/tagger \([^>]*>\)[^0-9]*\([0-9]*\).*/tagger="\1" ts="\2"/p')
- date=$(date --date="1970-01-01 00:00:00 $ts seconds" +"$date_format")
- echo "Tag '$tag' created by $tagger at $date"
- git cat-file tag $3 | sed -n '5,$p'
- echo
+# --- Check types
+newrev_type=$(git-cat-file -t "$newrev")
+
+case "$refname","$newrev_type" in
+ refs/tags/*,commit)
+ # un-annotated tag
+ refname_type="tag"
+ short_refname=${refname##refs/tags/}
+ if [ $allowunannotated != "true" ]; then
+ echo "*** The un-annotated tag, $short_refname is not allowed in this repository" >&2
+ echo "*** Use 'git tag [ -a | -s ]' for tags you want to propagate." >&2
+ exit 1
fi
- prev=$(git describe "$3^" | sed 's/-g.*//')
- # the first tag in a repo will yield no $prev
- if [ -z "$prev" ]; then
- echo "Changes since the dawn of time:"
- git rev-list --pretty $3 | $short
- else
- echo "Changes since $prev:"
- git rev-list --pretty $prev..$3 | $short
- echo ---
- git diff --stat $prev..$3
- echo ---
+ ;;
+ refs/tags/*,tag)
+ # annotated tag
+ refname_type="annotated tag"
+ short_refname=${refname##refs/tags/}
+ # change recipients
+ if [ -n "$announcerecipients" ]; then
+ recipients="$announcerecipients"
fi
;;
+ refs/heads/*,commit)
+ # branch
+ refname_type="branch"
+ short_refname=${refname##refs/heads/}
+ ;;
+ refs/remotes/*,commit)
+ # tracking branch
+ refname_type="tracking branch"
+ short_refname=${refname##refs/remotes/}
+ # Should this even be allowed?
+ echo "*** Push-update of tracking branch, $refname. No email generated." >&2
+ exit 0
+ ;;
+ *)
+ # Anything else (is there anything else?)
+ echo "*** Update hook: unknown type of update, \"$newrev_type\", to ref $refname" >&2
+ exit 1
+ ;;
+esac
+
+# Check if we've got anyone to send to
+if [ -z "$recipients" ]; then
+ # If the email isn't sent, then at least give the user some idea of what command
+ # would generate the email at a later date
+ echo "*** No recipients found - no email will be sent, but the push will continue" >&2
+ echo "*** for $0 $1 $2 $3" >&2
+ exit 0
+fi
+
+# --- Email parameters
+committer=$(git show --pretty=full -s $newrev | grep "^Commit: " | sed -e "s/^Commit: //")
+describe=$(git describe $newrev 2>/dev/null)
+if [ -z "$describe" ]; then
+ describe=$newrev
+fi
- refs/heads/*)
- branch="${1##refs/heads/}"
- echo "New branch '$branch' available with the following commits:"
- git-rev-list --pretty "$3" $(git-rev-parse --not --all)
+# --- Email (all stdout will be the email)
+(
+# Generate header
+cat <<-EOF
+From: $committer
+To: $recipients
+Subject: ${EMAILPREFIX}$projectdesc $refname_type, $short_refname now at $describe
+X-Git-Refname: $refname
+X-Git-Reftype: $refname_type
+X-Git-Oldrev: $oldrev
+X-Git-Newrev: $newrev
+
+Hello,
+
+This is an automated email from the git hooks/update script, it was
+generated because a ref change was pushed to the repository.
+
+Updating $refname_type, $short_refname,
+EOF
+
+case "$refname_type" in
+ "tracking branch"|branch)
+ if expr "$oldrev" : '0*$' >/dev/null
+ then
+ # If the old reference is "0000..0000" then this is a new branch
+ # and so oldrev is not valid
+ echo " as a new $refname_type"
+ echo " to $newrev ($newrev_type)"
+ echo ""
+ echo $LOGBEGIN
+ # This shows all log entries that are not already covered by
+ # another ref - i.e. commits that are now accessible from this
+ # ref that were previously not accessible
+ git-rev-list --pretty $newref $(git-rev-parse --not --all)
+ echo $LOGEND
+ else
+ # oldrev is valid
+ oldrev_type=$(git-cat-file -t "$oldrev")
+
+ # Now the problem is for cases like this:
+ # * --- * --- * --- * (oldrev)
+ # \
+ # * --- * --- * (newrev)
+ # i.e. there is no guarantee that newrev is a strict subset
+ # of oldrev - (would have required a force, but that's allowed).
+ # So, we can't simply say rev-list $oldrev..$newrev. Instead
+ # we find the common base of the two revs and list from there
+ baserev=$(git-merge-base $oldrev $newrev)
+
+ # Commit with a parent
+ for rev in $(git-rev-list $newrev ^$baserev)
+ do
+ revtype=$(git-cat-file -t "$rev")
+ echo " via $rev ($revtype)"
+ done
+ if [ "$baserev" = "$oldrev" ]; then
+ echo " from $oldrev ($oldrev_type)"
+ else
+ echo " based on $baserev"
+ echo " from $oldrev ($oldrev_type)"
+ echo ""
+ echo "This ref update crossed a branch point; i.e. the old rev is not a strict subset"
+ echo "of the new rev. This occurs, when you --force push a change in a situation"
+ echo "like this:"
+ echo ""
+ echo " * -- * -- B -- O -- O -- O ($oldrev)"
+ echo " \\"
+ echo " N -- N -- N ($newrev)"
+ echo ""
+ echo "Therefore, we assume that you've already had alert emails for all of the O"
+ echo "revisions, and now give you all the revisions in the N branch from the common"
+ echo "base, B ($baserev), up to the new revision."
+ fi
+ echo ""
+ echo $LOGBEGIN
+ git-rev-list --pretty $newrev ^$baserev
+ echo $LOGEND
+ echo ""
+ echo "Diffstat:"
+ git-diff-tree --no-color --stat -M -C --find-copies-harder $newrev ^$baserev
+ fi
;;
- esac
-else
- base=$(git-merge-base "$2" "$3")
- case "$base" in
- "$2")
- git diff --stat "$3" "^$base"
- echo
- echo "New commits:"
+ "annotated tag")
+ # Should we allow changes to annotated tags?
+ if expr "$oldrev" : '0*$' >/dev/null
+ then
+ # If the old reference is "0000..0000" then this is a new atag
+ # and so oldrev is not valid
+ echo " to $newrev ($newrev_type)"
+ else
+ echo " to $newrev ($newrev_type)"
+ echo " from $oldrev"
+ fi
+
+ # If this tag succeeds another, then show which tag it replaces
+ prevtag=$(git describe $newrev^ 2>/dev/null | sed 's/-g.*//')
+ if [ -n "$prevtag" ]; then
+ echo " replaces $prevtag"
+ fi
+
+ # Read the tag details
+ eval $(git cat-file tag $newrev | \
+ sed -n '4s/tagger \([^>]*>\)[^0-9]*\([0-9]*\).*/tagger="\1" ts="\2"/p')
+ tagged=$(date --date="1970-01-01 00:00:00 +0000 $ts seconds" +"$DATEFORMAT")
+
+ echo " tagged by $tagger"
+ echo " on $tagged"
+
+ echo ""
+ echo $LOGBEGIN
+ echo ""
+
+ if [ -n "$prevtag" ]; then
+ git rev-list --pretty=short "$prevtag..$newrev" | git shortlog
+ else
+ git rev-list --pretty=short $newrev | git shortlog
+ fi
+
+ echo $LOGEND
+ echo ""
;;
*)
- echo "Rebased ref, commits from common ancestor:"
+ # By default, unannotated tags aren't allowed in; if
+ # they are though, it's debatable whether we would even want an
+ # email to be generated; however, I don't want to add another config
+ # option just for that.
+ #
+ # Unannotated tags are more about marking a point than releasing
+ # a version; therefore we don't do the shortlog summary that we
+ # do for annotated tags above - we simply show that the point has
+ # been marked, and print the log message for the marked point for
+ # reference purposes
+ #
+ # Note this section also catches any other reference type (although
+ # there aren't any) and deals with them in the same way.
+ if expr "$oldrev" : '0*$' >/dev/null
+ then
+ # If the old reference is "0000..0000" then this is a new tag
+ # and so oldrev is not valid
+ echo " as a new $refname_type"
+ echo " to $newrev ($newrev_type)"
+ else
+ echo " to $newrev ($newrev_type)"
+ echo " from $oldrev"
+ fi
+ echo ""
+ echo $LOGBEGIN
+ git-show --no-color --root -s $newrev
+ echo $LOGEND
+ echo ""
;;
- esac
- git-rev-list --pretty "$3" "^$base"
-fi) |
-mail -s "$project: Changes to '${1##refs/heads/}'" $recipients
+esac
+
+# Footer
+cat <<-EOF
+
+hooks/update
+---
+Git Source Code Management System
+$0 $1 \\
+ $2 \\
+ $3
+EOF
+#) | cat >&2
+) | /usr/sbin/sendmail -t
+
+# --- Finished
exit 0
diff --git a/wt-status.c b/wt-status.c
index b7250e4..5567868 100644
--- a/wt-status.c
+++ b/wt-status.c
@@ -351,7 +351,7 @@ int git_status_config(const char *k, const char *v)
wt_status_use_color = git_config_colorbool(k, v);
return 0;
}
- if (!strncmp(k, "status.color.", 13) || !strncmp(k, "color.status", 13)) {
+ if (!strncmp(k, "status.color.", 13) || !strncmp(k, "color.status.", 13)) {
int slot = parse_status_slot(k, 13);
color_parse(v, k, wt_status_colors[slot]);
}