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-rw-r--r--.gitignore7
-rw-r--r--.mailmap5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/CodingGuidelines196
-rw-r--r--Documentation/Makefile33
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.0.txt391
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.1.txt44
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.5.txt28
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/blame-options.txt4
-rwxr-xr-xDocumentation/cmd-list.perl4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/config.txt655
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/fetch-options.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/fmt-merge-msg-config.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-add.txt9
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bisect.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-blame.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-branch.txt6
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-checkout.txt82
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clean.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clone.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit.txt24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-config.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential-cache--daemon.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential-store.txt37
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-daemon.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-difftool.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-export.txt75
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-import.txt47
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fetch.txt90
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-format-patch.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-gc.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-grep.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-hash-object.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-help.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-http-backend.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-imap-send.txt40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-init.txt85
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-instaweb.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt314
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-log.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-files.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mergetool.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-notes.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-p4.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-patch-id.txt37
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-prune.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pull.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-push.txt59
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt2
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-index.txt45
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-verify-commit.txt28
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-web--browse.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git.txt170
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitattributes.txt15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcli.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcredentials.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt2
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/giteveryday.txt (renamed from Documentation/everyday.txt)278
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitglossary.txt2
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitignore.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitk.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitmodules.txt21
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt78
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt27
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gittutorial.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/glossary-content.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/keep-canonical-history-correct.txt216
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/new-command.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder.txt241
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/line-range-format.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/merge-config.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pretty-formats.txt21
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pretty-options.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pull-fetch-param.txt81
-rw-r--r--Documentation/rev-list-options.txt50
-rw-r--r--Documentation/revisions.txt29
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-allocation-growing.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-argv-array.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-builtin.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-config.txt186
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-error-handling.txt75
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-hashmap.txt54
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-lockfile.txt254
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-ref-iteration.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-remote.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt319
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-trace.txt97
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/http-protocol.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/index-format.txt97
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt65
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt31
-rw-r--r--Documentation/user-manual.txt6
-rwxr-xr-xGIT-VERSION-GEN2
-rw-r--r--INSTALL29
-rw-r--r--Makefile402
-rw-r--r--README2
l---------RelNotes2
-rw-r--r--abspath.c124
-rw-r--r--advice.c15
-rw-r--r--alias.c24
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-rwxr-xr-xt/t7501-commit.sh17
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7502-commit.sh59
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7508-status.sh116
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7510-signed-commit.sh22
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7513-interpret-trailers.sh895
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7515-status-symlinks.sh43
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7516-commit-races.sh30
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7600-merge.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7601-merge-pull-config.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7610-mergetool.sh933
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7612-merge-verify-signatures.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7613-merge-submodule.sh19
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7700-repack.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7701-repack-unpack-unreachable.sh15
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7702-repack-cyclic-alternate.sh24
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7800-difftool.sh58
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7810-grep.sh94
-rwxr-xr-xt/t8002-blame.sh62
-rwxr-xr-xt/t8003-blame-corner-cases.sh26
-rwxr-xr-xt/t8005-blame-i18n.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t8008-blame-formats.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9001-send-email.sh780
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9104-git-svn-follow-parent.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9119-git-svn-info.sh30
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9138-git-svn-authors-prog.sh35
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9148-git-svn-propset.sh95
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9158-git-svn-mergeinfo.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9161-git-svn-mergeinfo-push.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9300-fast-import.sh179
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9350-fast-export.sh18
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9351-fast-export-anonymize.sh112
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9402-git-cvsserver-refs.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9500-gitweb-standalone-no-errors.sh7
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9502-gitweb-standalone-parse-output.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9603-cvsimport-patchsets.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9604-cvsimport-timestamps.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9800-git-p4-basic.sh40
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9801-git-p4-branch.sh106
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9803-git-p4-shell-metachars.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9805-git-p4-skip-submit-edit.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9807-git-p4-submit.sh3
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9809-git-p4-client-view.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9812-git-p4-wildcards.sh14
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9813-git-p4-preserve-users.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9814-git-p4-rename.sh48
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9815-git-p4-submit-fail.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9816-git-p4-locked.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9817-git-p4-exclude.sh71
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9818-git-p4-block.sh119
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9819-git-p4-case-folding.sh54
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9820-git-p4-editor-handling.sh38
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9902-completion.sh99
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9903-bash-prompt.sh119
-rw-r--r--t/test-lib-functions.sh76
-rw-r--r--t/test-lib.sh335
-rw-r--r--tag.c20
-rw-r--r--tag.h1
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--applypatch-msg.sample4
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--pre-applypatch.sample4
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--pre-push.sample3
-rw-r--r--test-config.c152
-rw-r--r--test-date.c10
-rw-r--r--test-dump-cache-tree.c11
-rw-r--r--test-dump-split-index.c34
-rw-r--r--test-dump-untracked-cache.c62
-rw-r--r--test-hashmap.c27
-rw-r--r--test-regex.c2
-rw-r--r--test-run-command.c4
-rw-r--r--test-scrap-cache-tree.c6
-rw-r--r--test-sha1-array.c34
-rw-r--r--test-sigchain.c2
-rw-r--r--test-subprocess.c3
-rw-r--r--thread-utils.c18
-rw-r--r--thread-utils.h4
-rw-r--r--trace.c375
-rw-r--r--trace.h113
-rw-r--r--trailer.c865
-rw-r--r--trailer.h6
-rw-r--r--transport-helper.c158
-rw-r--r--transport.c103
-rw-r--r--transport.h6
-rw-r--r--tree-diff.c664
-rw-r--r--tree-walk.c216
-rw-r--r--tree-walk.h18
-rw-r--r--tree.c21
-rw-r--r--tree.h9
-rw-r--r--unicode_width.h323
-rw-r--r--unix-socket.c17
-rw-r--r--unpack-trees.c84
-rwxr-xr-xupdate_unicode.sh40
-rw-r--r--upload-pack.c95
-rw-r--r--url.c2
-rw-r--r--urlmatch.c17
-rw-r--r--urlmatch.h1
-rw-r--r--userdiff.c1
-rw-r--r--utf8.c97
-rw-r--r--utf8.h7
-rw-r--r--varint.c1
-rw-r--r--varint.h2
-rw-r--r--versioncmp.c50
-rw-r--r--walker.c89
-rw-r--r--wrapper.c165
-rw-r--r--write_or_die.c15
-rw-r--r--wt-status.c139
-rw-r--r--wt-status.h1
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xmerge.c4
-rw-r--r--zlib.c2
941 files changed, 103348 insertions, 38773 deletions
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index dc600f9..422c538 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -74,6 +74,7 @@
/git-index-pack
/git-init
/git-init-db
+/git-interpret-trailers
/git-instaweb
/git-log
/git-ls-files
@@ -165,6 +166,7 @@
/git-upload-archive
/git-upload-pack
/git-var
+/git-verify-commit
/git-verify-pack
/git-verify-tag
/git-web--browse
@@ -177,9 +179,12 @@
/gitweb/static/gitweb.min.*
/test-chmtime
/test-ctype
+/test-config
/test-date
/test-delta
/test-dump-cache-tree
+/test-dump-split-index
+/test-dump-untracked-cache
/test-scrap-cache-tree
/test-genrandom
/test-hashmap
@@ -196,6 +201,7 @@
/test-revision-walking
/test-run-command
/test-sha1
+/test-sha1-array
/test-sigchain
/test-string-list
/test-subprocess
@@ -226,6 +232,7 @@
/config.mak.autogen
/config.mak.append
/configure
+/unicode
/tags
/TAGS
/cscope*
diff --git a/.mailmap b/.mailmap
index d0734d1..ece2951 100644
--- a/.mailmap
+++ b/.mailmap
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ Alex Riesen <raa.lkml@gmail.com> <raa@limbo.localdomain>
Alex Riesen <raa.lkml@gmail.com> <raa@steel.home>
Alex Vandiver <alex@chmrr.net> <alexmv@MIT.EDU>
Alexander Gavrilov <angavrilov@gmail.com>
+Alexander Kuleshov <kuleshovmail@gmail.com>
Alexey Shumkin <alex.crezoff@gmail.com> <zapped@mail.ru>
Alexey Shumkin <alex.crezoff@gmail.com> <Alex.Crezoff@gmail.com>
Anders Kaseorg <andersk@MIT.EDU> <andersk@ksplice.com>
@@ -85,6 +86,7 @@ Jeff King <peff@peff.net> <peff@github.com>
Jeff Muizelaar <jmuizelaar@mozilla.com> <jeff@infidigm.net>
Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> <axboe@suse.de>
Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
+Jens Lindström <jl@opera.com> Jens Lindstrom <jl@opera.com>
Jim Meyering <jim@meyering.net> <meyering@redhat.com>
Joachim Berdal Haga <cjhaga@fys.uio.no>
Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de> <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>
@@ -113,6 +115,7 @@ Karsten Blees <blees@dcon.de> <karsten.blees@dcon.de>
Karsten Blees <blees@dcon.de> <karsten.blees@gmail.com>
Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> <kay.sievers@suse.de>
Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> <kay@mam.(none)>
+Kazuki Saitoh <ksaitoh560@gmail.com> kazuki saitoh <ksaitoh560@gmail.com>
Keith Cascio <keith@CS.UCLA.EDU> <keith@cs.ucla.edu>
Kent Engstrom <kent@lysator.liu.se>
Kevin Leung <kevinlsk@gmail.com>
@@ -203,6 +206,7 @@ Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
Simon Hausmann <hausmann@kde.org> <simon@lst.de>
Simon Hausmann <hausmann@kde.org> <shausman@trolltech.com>
Stefan Beller <stefanbeller@gmail.com> <stefanbeller@googlemail.com>
+Stefan Beller <stefanbeller@gmail.com> <sbeller@google.com>
Stefan Naewe <stefan.naewe@gmail.com> <stefan.naewe@atlas-elektronik.com>
Stefan Naewe <stefan.naewe@gmail.com> <stefan.naewe@googlemail.com>
Stefan Sperling <stsp@elego.de> <stsp@stsp.name>
@@ -230,6 +234,7 @@ Tommi Virtanen <tv@debian.org> <tv@inoi.fi>
Tommy Thorn <tommy-git@thorn.ws> <tt1729@yahoo.com>
Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Tor Arne Vestbø <torarnv@gmail.com> <tavestbo@trolltech.com>
+Trần Ngọc Quân <vnwildman@gmail.com> Tran Ngoc Quan <vnwildman@gmail.com>
Trent Piepho <tpiepho@gmail.com> <tpiepho@freescale.com>
Trent Piepho <tpiepho@gmail.com> <xyzzy@speakeasy.org>
Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <Uwe.Kleine-Koenig@digi.com>
diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index f4137c6..c6e536f 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
Like other projects, we also have some guidelines to keep to the
-code. For Git in general, three rough rules are:
+code. For Git in general, a few rough rules are:
- Most importantly, we never say "It's in POSIX; we'll happily
ignore your needs should your system not conform to it."
@@ -18,6 +18,14 @@ code. For Git in general, three rough rules are:
judgement call, the decision based more on real world
constraints people face than what the paper standard says.
+ - Fixing style violations while working on a real change as a
+ preparatory clean-up step is good, but otherwise avoid useless code
+ churn for the sake of conforming to the style.
+
+ "Once it _is_ in the tree, it's not really worth the patch noise to
+ go and fix it up."
+ Cf. http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel/943020
+
Make your code readable and sensible, and don't try to be clever.
As for more concrete guidelines, just imitate the existing code
@@ -34,7 +42,17 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
- We use tabs for indentation.
- - Case arms are indented at the same depth as case and esac lines.
+ - Case arms are indented at the same depth as case and esac lines,
+ like this:
+
+ case "$variable" in
+ pattern1)
+ do this
+ ;;
+ pattern2)
+ do that
+ ;;
+ esac
- Redirection operators should be written with space before, but no
space after them. In other words, write 'echo test >"$file"'
@@ -43,6 +61,14 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
redirection target in a variable (as shown above), our code does so
because some versions of bash issue a warning without the quotes.
+ (incorrect)
+ cat hello > world < universe
+ echo hello >$world
+
+ (correct)
+ cat hello >world <universe
+ echo hello >"$world"
+
- We prefer $( ... ) for command substitution; unlike ``, it
properly nests. It should have been the way Bourne spelled
it from day one, but unfortunately isn't.
@@ -81,14 +107,33 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
"then" should be on the next line for if statements, and "do"
should be on the next line for "while" and "for".
+ (incorrect)
+ if test -f hello; then
+ do this
+ fi
+
+ (correct)
+ if test -f hello
+ then
+ do this
+ fi
+
- We prefer "test" over "[ ... ]".
- We do not write the noiseword "function" in front of shell
functions.
- - We prefer a space between the function name and the parentheses. The
- opening "{" should also be on the same line.
- E.g.: my_function () {
+ - We prefer a space between the function name and the parentheses,
+ and no space inside the parentheses. The opening "{" should also
+ be on the same line.
+
+ (incorrect)
+ my_function(){
+ ...
+
+ (correct)
+ my_function () {
+ ...
- As to use of grep, stick to a subset of BRE (namely, no \{m,n\},
[::], [==], or [..]) for portability.
@@ -106,6 +151,19 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
interface translatable. See "Marking strings for translation" in
po/README.
+ - We do not write our "test" command with "-a" and "-o" and use "&&"
+ or "||" to concatenate multiple "test" commands instead, because
+ the use of "-a/-o" is often error-prone. E.g.
+
+ test -n "$x" -a "$a" = "$b"
+
+ is buggy and breaks when $x is "=", but
+
+ test -n "$x" && test "$a" = "$b"
+
+ does not have such a problem.
+
+
For C programs:
- We use tabs to indent, and interpret tabs as taking up to
@@ -149,7 +207,7 @@ For C programs:
of "else if" statements, it can make sense to add braces to
single line blocks.
- - We try to avoid assignments inside if().
+ - We try to avoid assignments in the condition of an "if" statement.
- Try to make your code understandable. You may put comments
in, but comments invariably tend to stale out when the code
@@ -177,6 +235,88 @@ For C programs:
- Double negation is often harder to understand than no negation
at all.
+ - There are two schools of thought when it comes to comparison,
+ especially inside a loop. Some people prefer to have the less stable
+ value on the left hand side and the more stable value on the right hand
+ side, e.g. if you have a loop that counts variable i down to the
+ lower bound,
+
+ while (i > lower_bound) {
+ do something;
+ i--;
+ }
+
+ Other people prefer to have the textual order of values match the
+ actual order of values in their comparison, so that they can
+ mentally draw a number line from left to right and place these
+ values in order, i.e.
+
+ while (lower_bound < i) {
+ do something;
+ i--;
+ }
+
+ Both are valid, and we use both. However, the more "stable" the
+ stable side becomes, the more we tend to prefer the former
+ (comparison with a constant, "i > 0", is an extreme example).
+ Just do not mix styles in the same part of the code and mimic
+ existing styles in the neighbourhood.
+
+ - There are two schools of thought when it comes to splitting a long
+ logical line into multiple lines. Some people push the second and
+ subsequent lines far enough to the right with tabs and align them:
+
+ if (the_beginning_of_a_very_long_expression_that_has_to ||
+ span_more_than_a_single_line_of ||
+ the_source_text) {
+ ...
+
+ while other people prefer to align the second and the subsequent
+ lines with the column immediately inside the opening parenthesis,
+ with tabs and spaces, following our "tabstop is always a multiple
+ of 8" convention:
+
+ if (the_beginning_of_a_very_long_expression_that_has_to ||
+ span_more_than_a_single_line_of ||
+ the_source_text) {
+ ...
+
+ Both are valid, and we use both. Again, just do not mix styles in
+ the same part of the code and mimic existing styles in the
+ neighbourhood.
+
+ - When splitting a long logical line, some people change line before
+ a binary operator, so that the result looks like a parse tree when
+ you turn your head 90-degrees counterclockwise:
+
+ if (the_beginning_of_a_very_long_expression_that_has_to
+ || span_more_than_a_single_line_of_the_source_text) {
+
+ while other people prefer to leave the operator at the end of the
+ line:
+
+ if (the_beginning_of_a_very_long_expression_that_has_to ||
+ span_more_than_a_single_line_of_the_source_text) {
+
+ Both are valid, but we tend to use the latter more, unless the
+ expression gets fairly complex, in which case the former tends to
+ be easier to read. Again, just do not mix styles in the same part
+ of the code and mimic existing styles in the neighbourhood.
+
+ - When splitting a long logical line, with everything else being
+ equal, it is preferable to split after the operator at higher
+ level in the parse tree. That is, this is more preferable:
+
+ if (a_very_long_variable * that_is_used_in +
+ a_very_long_expression) {
+ ...
+
+ than
+
+ if (a_very_long_variable *
+ that_is_used_in + a_very_long_expression) {
+ ...
+
- Some clever tricks, like using the !! operator with arithmetic
constructs, can be extremely confusing to others. Avoid them,
unless there is a compelling reason to use them.
@@ -188,9 +328,14 @@ For C programs:
- When you come up with an API, document it.
- - The first #include in C files, except in platform specific
- compat/ implementations, should be git-compat-util.h or another
- header file that includes it, such as cache.h or builtin.h.
+ - The first #include in C files, except in platform specific compat/
+ implementations, must be either "git-compat-util.h", "cache.h" or
+ "builtin.h". You do not have to include more than one of these.
+
+ - A C file must directly include the header files that declare the
+ functions and the types it uses, except for the functions and types
+ that are made available to it by including one of the header files
+ it must include by the previous rule.
- If you are planning a new command, consider writing it in shell
or perl first, so that changes in semantics can be easily
@@ -273,6 +418,29 @@ Error Messages
- Say what the error is first ("cannot open %s", not "%s: cannot open")
+Externally Visible Names
+
+ - For configuration variable names, follow the existing convention:
+
+ . The section name indicates the affected subsystem.
+
+ . The subsection name, if any, indicates which of an unbounded set
+ of things to set the value for.
+
+ . The variable name describes the effect of tweaking this knob.
+
+ The section and variable names that consist of multiple words are
+ formed by concatenating the words without punctuations (e.g. `-`),
+ and are broken using bumpyCaps in documentation as a hint to the
+ reader.
+
+ When choosing the variable namespace, do not use variable name for
+ specifying possibly unbounded set of things, most notably anything
+ an end user can freely come up with (e.g. branch names). Instead,
+ use subsection names or variable values, like the existing variable
+ branch.<name>.description does.
+
+
Writing Documentation:
Most (if not all) of the documentation pages are written in the
@@ -301,6 +469,10 @@ Writing Documentation:
--sort=<key>
--abbrev[=<n>]
+ If a placeholder has multiple words, they are separated by dashes:
+ <new-branch-name>
+ --template=<template-directory>
+
Possibility of multiple occurrences is indicated by three dots:
<file>...
(One or more of <file>.)
@@ -317,12 +489,12 @@ Writing Documentation:
(Zero or more of <patch>. Note that the dots are inside, not
outside the brackets.)
- Multiple alternatives are indicated with vertical bar:
+ Multiple alternatives are indicated with vertical bars:
[-q | --quiet]
[--utf8 | --no-utf8]
Parentheses are used for grouping:
- [(<rev>|<range>)...]
+ [(<rev> | <range>)...]
(Any number of either <rev> or <range>. Parens are needed to make
it clear that "..." pertains to both <rev> and <range>.)
@@ -354,7 +526,7 @@ Writing Documentation:
`backticks around word phrases`, do so.
`--pretty=oneline`
`git rev-list`
- `remote.pushdefault`
+ `remote.pushDefault`
Word phrases enclosed in `backtick characters` are rendered literally
and will not be further expanded. The use of `backticks` to achieve the
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index fc6b2cf..3e39e28 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@ MAN7_TXT =
TECH_DOCS =
ARTICLES =
SP_ARTICLES =
+OBSOLETE_HTML =
MAN1_TXT += $(filter-out \
$(addsuffix .txt, $(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES)), \
@@ -26,6 +27,7 @@ MAN7_TXT += gitcore-tutorial.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitcredentials.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitcvs-migration.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitdiffcore.txt
+MAN7_TXT += giteveryday.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitglossary.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitnamespaces.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitrevisions.txt
@@ -37,11 +39,11 @@ MAN_TXT = $(MAN1_TXT) $(MAN5_TXT) $(MAN7_TXT)
MAN_XML = $(patsubst %.txt,%.xml,$(MAN_TXT))
MAN_HTML = $(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(MAN_TXT))
-OBSOLETE_HTML = git-remote-helpers.html
+OBSOLETE_HTML += everyday.html
+OBSOLETE_HTML += git-remote-helpers.html
DOC_HTML = $(MAN_HTML) $(OBSOLETE_HTML)
ARTICLES += howto-index
-ARTICLES += everyday
ARTICLES += git-tools
ARTICLES += git-bisect-lk2009
# with their own formatting rules.
@@ -59,6 +61,7 @@ SP_ARTICLES += howto/recover-corrupted-blob-object
SP_ARTICLES += howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder
SP_ARTICLES += howto/rebuild-from-update-hook
SP_ARTICLES += howto/rebase-from-internal-branch
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/keep-canonical-history-correct
SP_ARTICLES += howto/maintain-git
API_DOCS = $(patsubst %.txt,%,$(filter-out technical/api-index-skel.txt technical/api-index.txt, $(wildcard technical/api-*.txt)))
SP_ARTICLES += $(API_DOCS)
@@ -96,6 +99,13 @@ man7dir = $(mandir)/man7
ASCIIDOC = asciidoc
ASCIIDOC_EXTRA =
+ASCIIDOC_HTML = xhtml11
+ASCIIDOC_DOCBOOK = docbook
+ASCIIDOC_CONF = -f asciidoc.conf
+ASCIIDOC_COMMON = $(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) $(ASCIIDOC_CONF) \
+ -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION)
+TXT_TO_HTML = $(ASCIIDOC_COMMON) -b $(ASCIIDOC_HTML)
+TXT_TO_XML = $(ASCIIDOC_COMMON) -b $(ASCIIDOC_DOCBOOK)
MANPAGE_XSL = manpage-normal.xsl
XMLTO = xmlto
XMLTO_EXTRA =
@@ -303,14 +313,12 @@ clean:
$(MAN_HTML): %.html : %.txt asciidoc.conf
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- $(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -d manpage -f asciidoc.conf \
- $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) -o $@+ $< && \
+ $(TXT_TO_HTML) -d manpage -o $@+ $< && \
mv $@+ $@
$(OBSOLETE_HTML): %.html : %.txto asciidoc.conf
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- $(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -f asciidoc.conf \
- $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) -o $@+ $< && \
+ $(TXT_TO_HTML) -o $@+ $< && \
mv $@+ $@
manpage-base-url.xsl: manpage-base-url.xsl.in
@@ -322,13 +330,12 @@ manpage-base-url.xsl: manpage-base-url.xsl.in
%.xml : %.txt asciidoc.conf
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- $(ASCIIDOC) -b docbook -d manpage -f asciidoc.conf \
- $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) -o $@+ $< && \
+ $(TXT_TO_XML) -d manpage -o $@+ $< && \
mv $@+ $@
user-manual.xml: user-manual.txt user-manual.conf
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- $(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -b docbook -d article -o $@+ $< && \
+ $(TXT_TO_XML) -d article -o $@+ $< && \
mv $@+ $@
technical/api-index.txt: technical/api-index-skel.txt \
@@ -337,8 +344,7 @@ technical/api-index.txt: technical/api-index-skel.txt \
technical/%.html: ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-relative-html-prefix=../
$(patsubst %,%.html,$(API_DOCS) technical/api-index $(TECH_DOCS)): %.html : %.txt asciidoc.conf
- $(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -f asciidoc.conf \
- $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) $*.txt
+ $(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(TXT_TO_HTML) $*.txt
XSLT = docbook.xsl
XSLTOPTS = --xinclude --stringparam html.stylesheet docbook-xsl.css
@@ -385,14 +391,15 @@ howto-index.txt: howto-index.sh $(wildcard howto/*.txt)
mv $@+ $@
$(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES)) : %.html : %.txt
- $(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -b xhtml11 $*.txt
+ $(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(TXT_TO_HTML) $*.txt
WEBDOC_DEST = /pub/software/scm/git/docs
howto/%.html: ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-relative-html-prefix=../
$(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(wildcard howto/*.txt)): %.html : %.txt
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- sed -e '1,/^$$/d' $< | $(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -b xhtml11 - >$@+ && \
+ sed -e '1,/^$$/d' $< | \
+ $(TXT_TO_HTML) - >$@+ && \
mv $@+ $@
install-webdoc : html
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ae47537
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,391 @@
+Git v2.1 Release Notes
+======================
+
+Backward compatibility notes
+----------------------------
+
+ * The default value we give to the environment variable LESS has been
+ changed from "FRSX" to "FRX", losing "S" (chop long lines instead
+ of wrapping). Existing users who prefer not to see line-wrapped
+ output may want to set
+
+ $ git config core.pager "less -S"
+
+ to restore the traditional behaviour. It is expected that people
+ find output from most subcommands easier to read with the new
+ default, except for "blame" which tends to produce really long
+ lines. To override the new default only for "git blame", you can
+ do this:
+
+ $ git config pager.blame "less -S"
+
+ * A few disused directories in contrib/ have been retired.
+
+
+Updates since v2.0
+------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Since the very beginning of Git, we gave the LESS environment a
+ default value "FRSX" when we spawn "less" as the pager. "S" (chop
+ long lines instead of wrapping) has been removed from this default
+ set of options, because it is more or less a personal taste thing,
+ as opposed to the others that have good justifications (i.e. "R" is
+ very much justified because many kinds of output we produce are
+ colored and "FX" is justified because output we produce is often
+ shorter than a page).
+
+ * The logic and data used to compute the display width needed for
+ UTF-8 strings have been updated to match Unicode 7.0 better.
+
+ * HTTP-based transports learned to better propagate the error messages from
+ the webserver to the client coming over the HTTP transport.
+
+ * The completion script for bash (in contrib/) has been updated to
+ better handle aliases that define a complex sequence of commands.
+
+ * The "core.preloadindex" configuration variable is enabled by default,
+ allowing modern platforms to take advantage of their
+ multiple cores.
+
+ * "git clone" applies the "if cloning from a local disk, physically
+ copy the repository using hardlinks, unless otherwise told not to with
+ --no-local" optimization when the url.*.insteadOf mechanism rewrites a
+ remote-repository "git clone $URL" into a
+ clone from a local disk.
+
+ * "git commit --date=<date>" option learned more
+ timestamp formats, including "--date=now".
+
+ * The `core.commentChar` configuration variable is used to specify a
+ custom comment character (other than the default "#") for
+ the commit message editor. This can be set to `auto` to attempt to
+ choose a different character that does not conflict with any that
+ already starts a line in the message being edited, for cases like
+ "git commit --amend".
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned --signature-file=<file> to add the contents
+ of a file as a signature to the mail message it produces.
+
+ * "git grep" learned the grep.fullname configuration variable to force
+ "--full-name" to be the default. This may cause regressions for
+ scripted users who do not expect this new behaviour.
+
+ * "git imap-send" learned to ask the credential helper for auth
+ material.
+
+ * "git log" and friends now understand the value "auto" for the
+ "log.decorate" configuration variable to enable the "--decorate"
+ option automatically when the output is sent to tty.
+
+ * "git merge" without an argument, even when there is an upstream
+ defined for the current branch, refused to run until
+ merge.defaultToUpstream is set to true. Flip the default of that
+ configuration variable to true.
+
+ * "git mergetool" learned to drive the vimdiff3 backend.
+
+ * mergetool.prompt used to default to 'true', always asking "do you
+ really want to run the tool on this path?". The default has been
+ changed to 'false'. However, the prompt will still appear if
+ mergetool used its autodetection system to guess which tool to use.
+ Users who explicitly specify or configure a tool will no longer see
+ the prompt by default.
+
+ Strictly speaking, this is a backward incompatible change and
+ users need to explicitly set the variable to 'true' if they want
+ to be prompted to confirm running the tool on each path.
+
+ * "git replace" learned the "--edit" subcommand to create a
+ replacement by editing an existing object.
+
+ * "git replace" learned a "--graft" option to rewrite the parents of a
+ commit.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned "--to-cover" and "--cc-cover" options, to
+ tell it to copy To: and Cc: headers found in the first input file
+ when emitting later input files.
+
+ * "git svn" learned to cope with malformed timestamps with only one
+ digit in the hour part, e.g. 2014-01-07T5:01:02.048176Z, emitted
+ by some broken subversion server implementations.
+
+ * "git tag" when editing the tag message shows the name of the tag
+ being edited as a comment in the editor.
+
+ * "git tag" learned to pay attention to "tag.sort" configuration, to
+ be used as the default sort order when no --sort=<value> option
+ is given.
+
+ * A new "git verify-commit" command, to check GPG signatures in signed
+ commits, in a way similar to "git verify-tag" is used to check
+ signed tags, was added.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * Build procedure for 'subtree' (in contrib/) has been cleaned up.
+
+ * Support for the profile-feedback build, which has
+ bit-rotted for quite a while, has been updated.
+
+ * An experimental format to use two files (the base file and
+ incremental changes relative to it) to represent the index has been
+ introduced; this may reduce I/O cost of rewriting a large index
+ when only small part of the working tree changes.
+
+ * Effort to shrink the size of patches Windows folks maintain on top
+ by upstreaming them continues. More tests that are not applicable
+ to the Windows environment are identified and either skipped or
+ made more portable.
+
+ * Eradication of "test $condition -a $condition" from our scripts
+ continues.
+
+ * The `core.deltabasecachelimit` used to default to 16 MiB , but this
+ proved to be too small, and has been bumped to 96 MiB.
+
+ * "git blame" has been optimized greatly by reorganising the data
+ structure that is used to keep track of the work to be done.
+
+ * "git diff" that compares 3-or-more trees (e.g. parents and the
+ result of a merge) has been optimized.
+
+ * The API to update/delete references are being converted to handle
+ updates to multiple references in a transactional way. As an
+ example, "update-ref --stdin [-z]" has been updated to use this
+ API.
+
+ * skip_prefix() and strip_suffix() API functions are used a lot more
+ widely throughout the codebase now.
+
+ * Parts of the test scripts can be skipped by using a range notation,
+ e.g. "sh t1234-test.sh --run='1-4 6 8-'" to omit test piece 5 and 7
+ and run everything else.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.0
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.0 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * We used to unconditionally disable the pager in the pager process
+ we spawn to feed out output, but that prevented people who want to
+ run "less" within "less" from doing so.
+ (merge c0459ca je/pager-do-not-recurse later to maint).
+
+ * Tools that read diagnostic output in our standard error stream do
+ not want to see terminal control sequence (e.g. erase-to-eol).
+ Detect them by checking if the standard error stream is connected
+ to a tty.
+ (merge 38de156 mn/sideband-no-ansi later to maint).
+
+ * Mishandling of patterns in .gitignore that have trailing SPs quoted
+ with backslashes (e.g. ones that end with "\ ") has been
+ corrected.
+ (merge 97c1364be6b pb/trim-trailing-spaces later to maint).
+
+ * Reworded the error message given upon a failure to open an existing
+ loose object file due to e.g. permission issues; it was reported as
+ the object being corrupt, but that is not quite true.
+ (merge d6c8a05 jk/report-fail-to-read-objects-better later to maint).
+
+ * "git log -2master" is a common typo that shows two commits starting
+ from whichever random branch that is not 'master' that happens to
+ be checked out currently.
+ (merge e3fa568 jc/revision-dash-count-parsing later to maint).
+
+ * Code to avoid adding the same alternate object store twice was
+ subtly broken for a long time, but nobody seems to have noticed.
+ (merge 80b4785 rs/fix-alt-odb-path-comparison later to maint).
+ (merge 539e750 ek/alt-odb-entry-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The "%<(10,trunc)%s" pretty format specifier in the log family of
+ commands is used to truncate the string to a given length (e.g. 10
+ in the example) with padding to column-align the output, but did
+ not take into account that number of bytes and number of display
+ columns are different.
+ (merge 7d50987 as/pretty-truncate later to maint).
+
+ * "%G" (nothing after G) is an invalid pretty format specifier, but
+ the parser did not notice it as garbage.
+ (merge 958b2eb jk/pretty-G-format-fixes later to maint).
+
+ * A handful of code paths had to read the commit object more than
+ once when showing header fields that are usually not parsed. The
+ internal data structure to keep track of the contents of the commit
+ object has been updated to reduce the need for this double-reading,
+ and to allow the caller find the length of the object.
+ (merge 218aa3a jk/commit-buffer-length later to maint).
+
+ * The "mailmap.file" configuration option did not support tilde
+ expansion (i.e. ~user/path and ~/path).
+ (merge 9352fd5 ow/config-mailmap-pathname later to maint).
+
+ * The completion scripts (in contrib/) did not know about quite a few
+ options that are common between "git merge" and "git pull", and a
+ couple of options unique to "git merge".
+ (merge 8fee872 jk/complete-merge-pull later to maint).
+
+ * The unix-domain socket used by the sample credential cache daemon
+ tried to unlink an existing stale one at a wrong path, if the path
+ to the socket was given as an overlong path that does not fit in
+ the sun_path member of the sockaddr_un structure.
+ (merge 2869b3e rs/fix-unlink-unix-socket later to maint).
+
+ * An ancient rewrite passed a wrong pointer to a curl library
+ function in a rarely used code path.
+ (merge 479eaa8 ah/fix-http-push later to maint).
+
+ * "--ignore-space-change" option of "git apply" ignored the spaces
+ at the beginning of lines too aggressively, which is inconsistent
+ with the option of the same name that "diff" and "git diff" have.
+ (merge 14d3bb4 jc/apply-ignore-whitespace later to maint).
+
+ * "git blame" miscounted the number of columns needed to show localized
+ timestamps, resulting in a jaggy left-side-edge for the source code
+ lines in its output.
+ (merge dd75553 jx/blame-align-relative-time later to maint).
+
+ * "git blame" assigned the blame to the copy in the working-tree if
+ the repository is set to core.autocrlf=input and the file used CRLF
+ line endings.
+ (merge 4d4813a bc/blame-crlf-test later to maint).
+
+ * "git clone -b brefs/tags/bar" would have mistakenly thought we were
+ following a single tag, even though it was a name of the branch,
+ because it incorrectly used strstr().
+ (merge 60a5f5f jc/fix-clone-single-starting-at-a-tag later to maint).
+
+ * "git commit --allow-empty-message -C $commit" did not work when the
+ commit did not have any log message.
+ (merge 076cbd6 jk/commit-C-pick-empty later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff --find-copies-harder" sometimes pretended as if the mode
+ bits have changed for paths that are marked with the assume-unchanged
+ bit.
+ (merge 5304810 jk/diff-files-assume-unchanged later to maint).
+
+ * "filter-branch" left an empty single-parent commit that results when
+ all parents of a merge commit get mapped to the same commit, even
+ under "--prune-empty".
+ (merge 79bc4ef cb/filter-branch-prune-empty-degenerate-merges later to maint).
+
+ * "git format-patch" did not enforce the rule that the "--follow"
+ option from the log/diff family of commands must be used with
+ exactly one pathspec.
+ (merge dd63f16 jk/diff-follow-must-take-one-pathspec later to maint).
+
+ * "git gc --auto" was recently changed to run in the background to
+ give control back early to the end-user sitting in front of the
+ terminal, but it forgot that housekeeping involving reflogs should
+ be done without other processes competing for accesses to the refs.
+ (merge 62aad18 nd/daemonize-gc later to maint).
+
+ * "git grep -O" to show the lines that hit in the pager did not work
+ well with case insensitive search. We now spawn "less" with its
+ "-I" option when it is used as the pager (which is the default).
+ (merge f7febbe sk/spawn-less-case-insensitively-from-grep-O-i later to maint).
+
+ * We used to disable threaded "git index-pack" on platforms without
+ thread-safe pread(); use a different workaround for such
+ platforms to allow threaded "git index-pack".
+ (merge 3953949 nd/index-pack-one-fd-per-thread later to maint).
+
+ * The error reporting from "git index-pack" has been improved to
+ distinguish missing objects from type errors.
+ (merge 77583e7 jk/index-pack-report-missing later to maint).
+
+ * "log --show-signature" incorrectly decided the color to paint a
+ mergetag that was and was not correctly validated.
+ (merge 42c55ce mg/fix-log-mergetag-color later to maint).
+
+ * "log --show-signature" did not pay attention to the "--graph" option.
+ (merge cf3983d zk/log-graph-showsig later to maint).
+
+ * "git mailinfo" used to read beyond the ends of header strings while
+ parsing an incoming e-mail message to extract the patch.
+ (merge b1a013d rs/mailinfo-header-cmp later to maint).
+
+ * On a case insensitive filesystem, merge-recursive incorrectly
+ deleted the file that is to be renamed to a name that is the same
+ except for case differences.
+ (merge baa37bf dt/merge-recursive-case-insensitive later to maint).
+
+ * Merging changes into a file that ends in an incomplete line made the
+ last line into a complete one, even when the other branch did not
+ change anything around the end of file.
+ (merge ba31180 mk/merge-incomplete-files later to maint).
+
+ * "git pack-objects" unnecessarily copied the previous contents when
+ extending the hashtable, even though it will populate the table
+ from scratch anyway.
+ (merge fb79947 rs/pack-objects-no-unnecessary-realloc later to maint).
+
+ * Recent updates to "git repack" started to duplicate objects that
+ are in packfiles marked with the .keep flag into the new packfile by
+ mistake.
+ (merge d078d85 jk/repack-pack-keep-objects later to maint).
+
+ * "git rerere forget" did not work well when merge.conflictstyle
+ was set to a non-default value.
+ (merge de3d8bb fc/rerere-conflict-style later to maint).
+
+ * "git remote rm" and "git remote prune" can involve removing many
+ refs at once, which is not a very efficient thing to do when very
+ many refs exist in the packed-refs file.
+ (merge e6bea66 jl/remote-rm-prune later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --exclude=<glob> --all | git shortlog" worked as expected,
+ but "git shortlog --exclude=<glob> --all", which is supposed to be
+ identical to the above pipeline, was not accepted at the command
+ line argument parser level.
+ (merge eb07774 jc/shortlog-ref-exclude later to maint).
+
+ * The autostash mode of "git rebase -i" did not restore the dirty
+ working tree state if the user aborted the interactive rebase by
+ emptying the insn sheet.
+ (merge ddb5432 rr/rebase-autostash-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase --fork-point" did not filter out patch-identical
+ commits correctly.
+
+ * During "git rebase --merge", a conflicted patch could not be
+ skipped with "--skip" if the next one also conflicted.
+ (merge 95104c7 bc/fix-rebase-merge-skip later to maint).
+
+ * "git show -s" (i.e. show log message only) used to incorrectly emit
+ an extra blank line after a merge commit.
+ (merge ad2f725 mk/show-s-no-extra-blank-line-for-merges later to maint).
+
+ * "git status", even though it is a read-only operation, tries to
+ update the index with refreshed lstat(2) info to optimize future
+ accesses to the working tree opportunistically, but this could
+ race with a "read-write" operation that modifies the index while it
+ is running. Detect such a race and avoid overwriting the index.
+ (merge 426ddee ym/fix-opportunistic-index-update-race later to maint).
+
+ * "git status" (and "git commit") behaved as if changes in a modified
+ submodule are not there if submodule.*.ignore configuration is set,
+ which was misleading. The configuration is only to unclutter diff
+ output during the course of development, and not to hide
+ changes in the "status" output to cause the users forget to commit
+ them.
+ (merge c215d3d jl/status-added-submodule-is-never-ignored later to maint).
+
+ * Documentation for "git submodule sync" forgot to say that the subcommand
+ can take the "--recursive" option.
+ (merge 9393ae7 mc/doc-submodule-sync-recurse later to maint).
+
+ * "git update-index --cacheinfo" in 2.0 release crashed on a
+ malformed command line.
+ (merge c8e1ee4 jc/rev-parse-argh-dashed-multi-words later to maint).
+
+ * The mode to run tests with HTTP server tests disabled was broken.
+ (merge afa53fe na/no-http-test-in-the-middle later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..830fc3c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+Git v2.1.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+ * Git 2.0 had a regression where "git fetch" into a shallowly
+ cloned repository from a repository with bitmap object index
+ enabled did not work correctly. This has been corrected.
+
+ * Git 2.0 had a regression which broke (rarely used) "git diff-tree
+ -t". This has been corrected.
+
+ * "git log --pretty/format=" with an empty format string did not
+ mean the more obvious "No output whatsoever" but "Use default
+ format", which was counterintuitive. Now it means "nothing shown
+ for the log message part".
+
+ * "git -c section.var command" and "git -c section.var= command"
+ should pass the configuration differently (the former should be a
+ boolean true, the latter should be an empty string), but they
+ didn't work that way. Now it does.
+
+ * Applying a patch not generated by Git in a subdirectory used to
+ check the whitespace breakage using the attributes for incorrect
+ paths. Also whitespace checks were performed even for paths
+ excluded via "git apply --exclude=<path>" mechanism.
+
+ * "git bundle create" with date-range specification were meant to
+ exclude tags outside the range, but it did not work correctly.
+
+ * "git add x" where x that used to be a directory has become a
+ symbolic link to a directory misbehaved.
+
+ * The prompt script checked $GIT_DIR/ref/stash file to see if there
+ is a stash, which was a no-no.
+
+ * "git checkout -m" did not switch to another branch while carrying
+ the local changes forward when a path was deleted from the index.
+
+ * With sufficiently long refnames, fast-import could have overflown
+ an on-stack buffer.
+
+ * After "pack-refs --prune" packed refs at the top-level, it failed
+ to prune them.
+
+ * "git gc --auto" triggered from "git fetch --quiet" was not quiet.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..abc3b89
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+Git v2.1.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+ * "git push" over HTTP transport had an artificial limit on number of
+ refs that can be pushed imposed by the command line length.
+
+ * When receiving an invalid pack stream that records the same object
+ twice, multiple threads got confused due to a race.
+
+ * An attempt to remove the entire tree in the "git fast-import" input
+ stream caused it to misbehave.
+
+ * Reachability check (used in "git prune" and friends) did not add a
+ detached HEAD as a starting point to traverse objects still in use.
+
+ * "git config --add section.var val" used to lose existing
+ section.var whose value was an empty string.
+
+ * "git fsck" failed to report that it found corrupt objects via its
+ exit status in some cases.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..acc9ebb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+Git v2.1.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+ * Some MUAs mangled a line in a message that begins with "From " to
+ ">From " when writing to a mailbox file and feeding such an input to
+ "git am" used to lose such a line.
+
+ * "git daemon" (with NO_IPV6 build configuration) used to incorrectly
+ use the hostname even when gethostbyname() reported that the given
+ hostname is not found.
+
+ * Newer versions of 'meld' breaks the auto-detection we use to see if
+ they are new enough to support the `--output` option.
+
+ * "git pack-objects" forgot to disable the codepath to generate
+ object recheability bitmap when it needs to split the resulting
+ pack.
+
+ * "gitweb" used deprecated CGI::startfrom, which was removed from
+ CGI.pm as of 4.04; use CGI::start_from instead.
+
+ * "git log" documentation had an example section marked up not
+ quite correctly, which passed AsciiDoc but failed with
+ AsciiDoctor.
+
+Also contains some documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d16e5f0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.1.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v2.1.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.1.3
+------------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+ running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+ such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+ would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+ the user would have expected. Git now prevents you from tracking
+ a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+ are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+ ".git/config". HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+ codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+ it were ".git/config". Pathnames with these potential issues are
+ rejected on the affected systems. Git on systems that are not
+ affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+ reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+ projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+ be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+ set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+ rejected. Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+ filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+ insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e98ecbc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,313 @@
+Git v2.2 Release Notes
+======================
+
+Updates since v2.1
+------------------
+
+Ports
+
+ * Building on older MacOS X systems automatically sets
+ the necessary NO_APPLE_COMMON_CRYPTO build-time option.
+
+ * Building with NO_PTHREADS has been resurrected.
+
+ * Compilation options have been updated a bit to better support the
+ z/OS port.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * "git archive" learned to filter what gets archived with a pathspec.
+
+ * "git config --edit --global" starts from a skeletal per-user
+ configuration file contents, instead of a total blank, when the
+ user does not already have any global config. This immediately
+ reduces the need to later ask "Have you forgotten to set
+ core.user?", and we can add more to the template as we gain
+ more experience.
+
+ * "git stash list -p" used to be almost always a no-op because each
+ stash entry is represented as a merge commit. It learned to show
+ the difference between the base commit version and the working tree
+ version, which is in line with what "git stash show" gives.
+
+ * Sometimes users want to report a bug they experience on their
+ repository, but they are not at liberty to share the contents of
+ the repository. "fast-export" was taught an "--anonymize" option
+ to replace blob contents, names of people, paths and log
+ messages with bland and simple strings to help them.
+
+ * "git difftool" learned an option to stop feeding paths to the
+ diff backend when it exits with a non-zero status.
+
+ * "git grep" learned to paint (or not paint) partial matches on
+ context lines when showing "grep -C<num>" output in color.
+
+ * "log --date=iso" uses a slight variant of the ISO 8601 format that is
+ more human readable. A new "--date=iso-strict" option gives
+ datetime output that conforms more strictly.
+
+ * The logic "git prune" uses is more resilient against various corner
+ cases.
+
+ * A broken reimplementation of Git could write an invalid index that
+ records both stage #0 and higher-stage entries for the same path.
+ We now notice and reject such an index, as there is no sensible
+ fallback (we do not know if the broken tool wanted to resolve and
+ forgot to remove the higher-stage entries, or if it wanted to unresolve
+ and forgot to remove the stage #0 entry).
+
+ * The temporary files "git mergetool" uses are renamed to avoid too
+ many dots in them (e.g. a temporary file for "hello.c" used to be
+ named e.g. "hello.BASE.4321.c" but now uses underscore instead,
+ e.g. "hello_BASE_4321.c", to allow us to have multiple variants).
+
+ * The temporary files "git mergetool" uses can be placed in a newly
+ created temporary directory, instead of the current directory, by
+ setting the mergetool.writeToTemp configuration variable.
+
+ * "git mergetool" understands "--tool bc" now, as version 4 of
+ BeyondCompare can be driven the same way as its version 3 and it
+ feels awkward to say "--tool bc3" to run version 4.
+
+ * The "pre-receive" and "post-receive" hooks are no longer required
+ to consume their input fully (not following this requirement used
+ to result in intermittent errors in "git push").
+
+ * The pretty-format specifier "%d", which expands to " (tagname)"
+ for a tagged commit, gained a cousin "%D" that just gives the
+ "tagname" without frills.
+
+ * "git push" learned "--signed" push, that allows a push (i.e.
+ request to update the refs on the other side to point at a new
+ history, together with the transmission of necessary objects) to be
+ signed, so that it can be verified and audited, using the GPG
+ signature of the person who pushed, that the tips of branches at a
+ public repository really point the commits the pusher wanted to,
+ without having to "trust" the server.
+
+ * "git interpret-trailers" is a new filter to programmatically edit
+ the tail end of the commit log messages, e.g. "Signed-off-by:".
+
+ * "git help everyday" shows the "Everyday Git in 20 commands or so"
+ document, whose contents have been updated to match more modern
+ Git practice.
+
+ * On the "git svn" front, work progresses to reduce memory consumption and
+ to improve handling of mergeinfo.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * The API to manipulate the "refs" has been restructured to make it
+ more transactional, with the eventual goal to allow all-or-none
+ atomic updates and migrating the storage to something other than
+ the traditional filesystem based one (e.g. databases).
+
+ * The lockfile API and its users have been cleaned up.
+
+ * We no longer attempt to keep track of individual dependencies to
+ the header files in the build procedure, relying instead on automated
+ dependency generation support from modern compilers.
+
+ * In tests, we have been using NOT_{MINGW,CYGWIN} test prerequisites
+ long before negated prerequisites e.g. !MINGW were invented.
+ The former has been converted to the latter to avoid confusion.
+
+ * Optimized looking up a remote's configuration in a repository with very many
+ remotes defined.
+
+ * There are cases where you lock and open to write a file, close it
+ to show the updated contents to an external processes, and then have
+ to update the file again while still holding the lock; now the
+ lockfile API has support for such an access pattern.
+
+ * The API to allocate the structure to keep track of commit
+ decoration has been updated to make it less cumbersome to use.
+
+ * An in-core caching layer to let us avoid reading the same
+ configuration files several times has been added. A few commands
+ have been converted to use this subsystem.
+
+ * Various code paths have been cleaned up and simplified by using
+ the "strbuf", "starts_with()", and "skip_prefix()" APIs more.
+
+ * A few codepaths that died when large blobs that would not fit in
+ core are involved in their operation have been taught to punt
+ instead, by e.g. marking a too-large blob as not to be diffed.
+
+ * A few more code paths in "commit" and "checkout" have been taught
+ to repopulate the cache-tree in the index, to help speed up later
+ "write-tree" (used in "commit") and "diff-index --cached" (used in
+ "status").
+
+ * A common programming mistake to assign the same short option name
+ to two separate options is detected by the parse_options() API to help
+ developers.
+
+ * The code path to write out the packed-refs file has been optimized,
+ which especially matters in a repository with a large number of
+ refs.
+
+ * The check to see if a ref $F can be created by making sure no
+ existing ref has $F/ as its prefix has been optimized, which
+ especially matters in a repository with a large number of existing
+ refs.
+
+ * "git fsck" was taught to check the contents of tag objects a bit more.
+
+ * "git hash-object" was taught a "--literally" option to help
+ debugging.
+
+ * When running a required clean filter, we do not have to mmap the
+ original before feeding the filter. Instead, stream the file
+ contents directly to the filter and process its output.
+
+ * The scripts in the test suite can be run with the "-x" option to show
+ a shell-trace of each command they run.
+
+ * The "run-command" API learned to manage the argv and environment
+ arrays for child process, alleviating the need for the callers to
+ allocate and deallocate them.
+
+ * Some people use AsciiDoctor, instead of AsciiDoc, to format our
+ documentation set; the documentation has been adjusted to be usable
+ by both, as AsciiDoctor is pickier than AsciiDoc about its input
+ mark-up.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.1
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.1 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git log --pretty/format=" with an empty format string did not
+ mean the more obvious "No output whatsoever" but "Use default
+ format", which was counterintuitive.
+
+ * "git -c section.var command" and "git -c section.var= command"
+ should pass the configuration value differently (the former should be a
+ boolean true, the latter should be an empty string).
+
+ * Applying a patch not generated by Git in a subdirectory used to
+ check for whitespace breakage using the attributes of incorrect
+ paths. Also whitespace checks were performed even for paths
+ excluded via the "git apply --exclude=<path>" mechanism.
+
+ * "git bundle create" with a date-range specification was meant to
+ exclude tags outside the range, but it didn't.
+
+ * "git add x" where x used to be a directory and is now a
+ symbolic link to a directory misbehaved.
+
+ * The prompt script checked the $GIT_DIR/ref/stash file to see if there
+ is a stash, which was a no-no.
+
+ * Pack-protocol documentation had a minor typo.
+
+ * "git checkout -m" did not switch to another branch while carrying
+ the local changes forward when a path was deleted from the index.
+
+ * "git daemon" (with NO_IPV6 build configuration) used to incorrectly
+ use the hostname even when gethostbyname() reported that the given
+ hostname is not found.
+ (merge 107efbe rs/daemon-fixes later to maint).
+
+ * With sufficiently long refnames, "git fast-import" could have
+ overflowed an on-stack buffer.
+
+ * After "pack-refs --prune" packed refs at the top-level, it failed
+ to prune them.
+
+ * Progress output from "git gc --auto" was visible in "git fetch -q".
+
+ * We used to pass -1000 to poll(2), expecting it to also mean "no
+ timeout", which should be spelled as -1.
+
+ * "git rebase" documentation was unclear that it is required to
+ specify on what <upstream> the rebase is to be done when telling it
+ to first check out <branch>.
+ (merge 95c6826 so/rebase-doc later to maint).
+
+ * "git push" over HTTP transport had an artificial limit on the number of
+ refs that can be pushed, imposed by the command line length.
+ (merge 26be19b jk/send-pack-many-refspecs later to maint).
+
+ * When receiving an invalid pack stream that records the same object
+ twice, multiple threads got confused due to a race.
+ (merge ab791dd jk/index-pack-threading-races later to maint).
+
+ * An attempt to remove the entire tree in the "git fast-import" input
+ stream caused it to misbehave.
+ (merge 2668d69 mb/fast-import-delete-root later to maint).
+
+ * Reachability check (used in "git prune" and friends) did not add a
+ detached HEAD as a starting point to traverse objects still in use.
+ (merge c40fdd0 mk/reachable-protect-detached-head later to maint).
+
+ * "git config --add section.var val" when section.var already has an
+ empty-string value used to lose the empty-string value.
+ (merge c1063be ta/config-add-to-empty-or-true-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git fsck" failed to report that it found corrupt objects via its
+ exit status in some cases.
+ (merge 30d1038 jk/fsck-exit-code-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Use of the "--verbose" option used to break "git branch --merged".
+ (merge 12994dd jk/maint-branch-verbose-merged later to maint).
+
+ * Some MUAs mangle a line in a message that begins with "From " to
+ ">From " when writing to a mailbox file, and feeding such an input
+ to "git am" used to lose such a line.
+ (merge 85de86a jk/mbox-from-line later to maint).
+
+ * "rev-parse --verify --quiet $name" is meant to quietly exit with a
+ non-zero status when $name is not a valid object name, but still
+ gave error messages in some cases.
+
+ * A handful of C source files have been updated to include
+ "git-compat-util.h" as the first thing, to conform better to our
+ coding guidelines.
+ (merge 1c4b660 da/include-compat-util-first-in-c later to maint).
+
+ * The t7004 test, which tried to run Git with small stack space, has been
+ updated to use a bit larger stack to avoid false breakage on some
+ platforms.
+ (merge b9a1907 sk/tag-contains-wo-recursion later to maint).
+
+ * A few documentation pages had example sections marked up not quite
+ correctly, which passed AsciiDoc but failed with AsciiDoctor.
+ (merge c30c43c bc/asciidoc-pretty-formats-fix later to maint).
+ (merge f8a48af bc/asciidoc later to maint).
+
+ * "gitweb" used deprecated CGI::startfrom, which was removed from
+ CGI.pm as of 4.04; use CGI::start_from instead.
+ (merge 4750f4b rm/gitweb-start-form later to maint).
+
+ * Newer versions of 'meld' break the auto-detection we use to see if
+ they are new enough to support the `--output` option.
+ (merge b12d045 da/mergetool-meld later to maint).
+
+ * "git pack-objects" forgot to disable the codepath to generate the
+ object reachability bitmap when it needs to split the resulting
+ pack.
+ (merge 2113471 jk/pack-objects-no-bitmap-when-splitting later to maint).
+
+ * The code to use cache-tree trusted the on-disk data too much and
+ fell into an infinite loop upon seeing an incorrectly recorded
+ index file.
+ (merge 729dbbd jk/cache-tree-protect-from-broken-libgit2 later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch" into a repository where branch B was deleted earlier,
+ back when it had reflog enabled, and then branch B/C is fetched
+ into it without reflog enabled, which is arguably an unlikely
+ corner case, unnecessarily failed.
+ (merge aae828b jk/fetch-reflog-df-conflict later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --first-parent -L..." used to crash.
+ (merge a8787c5 tm/line-log-first-parent later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d5a3cd9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v2.2.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.2
+----------------
+
+ * We used to allow committing a path ".Git/config" with Git that is
+ running on a case sensitive filesystem, but an attempt to check out
+ such a path with Git that runs on a case insensitive filesystem
+ would have clobbered ".git/config", which is definitely not what
+ the user would have expected. Git now prevents you from tracking
+ a path with ".Git" (in any case combination) as a path component.
+
+ * On Windows, certain path components that are different from ".git"
+ are mapped to ".git", e.g. "git~1/config" is treated as if it were
+ ".git/config". HFS+ has a similar issue, where certain unicode
+ codepoints are ignored, e.g. ".g\u200cit/config" is treated as if
+ it were ".git/config". Pathnames with these potential issues are
+ rejected on the affected systems. Git on systems that are not
+ affected by this issue (e.g. Linux) can also be configured to
+ reject them to ensure cross platform interoperability of the hosted
+ projects.
+
+ * "git fsck" notices a tree object that records such a path that can
+ be confused with ".git", and with receive.fsckObjects configuration
+ set to true, an attempt to "git push" such a tree object will be
+ rejected. Such a path may not be a problem on a well behaving
+ filesystem but in order to protect those on HFS+ and on case
+ insensitive filesystems, this check is enabled on all platforms.
+
+A big "thanks!" for bringing this issue to us goes to our friends in
+the Mercurial land, namely, Matt Mackall and Augie Fackler.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b19a35d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.2.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+Git v2.2.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.2.1
+------------------
+
+ * "git checkout $treeish $path", when $path in the index and the
+ working tree already matched what is in $treeish at the $path,
+ still overwrote the $path unnecessarily.
+
+ * "git config --get-color" did not parse its command line arguments
+ carefully.
+
+ * open() emulated on Windows platforms did not give EISDIR upon
+ an attempt to open a directory for writing.
+
+ * A few code paths used abs() when they should have used labs() on
+ long integers.
+
+ * "gitweb" used to depend on a behaviour recent CGI.pm deprecated.
+
+ * "git init" (hence "git clone") initialized the per-repository
+ configuration file .git/config with x-bit by mistake.
+
+ * Git 2.0 was supposed to make the "simple" mode for the default of
+ "git push", but it didn't.
+
+ * "Everyday" document had a broken link.
+
+ * The build procedure did not bother fixing perl and python scripts
+ when NO_PERL and NO_PYTHON build-time configuration changed.
+
+ * The code that reads the reflog from the newer to the older entries
+ did not handle an entry that crosses a boundary of block it uses to
+ read them correctly.
+
+ * "git apply" was described in the documentation to take --ignore-date
+ option, which it does not.
+
+ * Traditionally we tried to avoid interpreting date strings given by
+ the user as future dates, e.g. GIT_COMMITTER_DATE=2014-12-10 when
+ used early November 2014 was taken as "October 12, 2014" because it
+ is likely that a date in the future, December 10, is a mistake.
+ This heuristics has been loosened to allow people to express future
+ dates (most notably, --until=<date> may want to be far in the
+ future) and we no longer tiebreak by future-ness of the date when
+
+ (1) ISO-like format is used, and
+ (2) the string can make sense interpreted as both y-m-d and y-d-m.
+
+ Git may still have to use the heuristics to tiebreak between dd/mm/yy
+ and mm/dd/yy, though.
+
+ * The code to abbreviate an object name to its short unique prefix
+ has been optimized when no abbreviation was requested.
+
+ * "git add --ignore-errors ..." did not ignore an error to
+ give a file that did not exist.
+
+ * Git did not correctly read an overlong refname from a packed refs
+ file.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e3c639c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,300 @@
+Git v2.3 Release Notes
+======================
+
+This one ended up to be a release with lots of small corrections and
+improvements without big uncomfortably exciting features. The recent
+security fix that went to 2.2.1 and older maintenance tracks is also
+contained in this update.
+
+
+Updates since v2.2
+------------------
+
+Ports
+
+ * Recent gcc toolchain on Cygwin started throwing compilation warning,
+ which has been squelched.
+
+ * A few updates to build on platforms that lack tv_nsec,
+ clock_gettime, CLOCK_MONOTONIC and HMAC_CTX_cleanup (e.g. older
+ RHEL) have been added.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * It was cumbersome to use "GIT_SSH" mechanism when the user wanted
+ to pass an extra set of arguments to the underlying ssh. A new
+ environment variable GIT_SSH_COMMAND can be used for this.
+
+ * A request to store an empty note via "git notes" meant to remove
+ note from the object but with --allow-empty we will store a
+ (surprise!) note that is empty.
+
+ * "git interpret-trailers" learned to properly handle the
+ "Conflicts:" block at the end.
+
+ * "git am" learned "--message-id" option to copy the message ID of
+ the incoming e-mail to the log message of resulting commit.
+
+ * "git clone --reference=<over there>" learned the "--dissociate"
+ option to go with it; it borrows objects from the reference object
+ store while cloning only to reduce network traffic and then
+ dissociates the resulting clone from the reference by performing
+ local copies of borrowed objects.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned "--transfer-encoding" option to force a
+ non-fault Content-Transfer-Encoding header (e.g. base64).
+
+ * "git send-email" normally identifies itself via X-Mailer: header in
+ the message it sends out. A new command line flag --no-xmailer
+ allows the user to squelch the header.
+
+ * "git push" into a repository with a working tree normally refuses
+ to modify the branch that is checked out. The command learned to
+ optionally do an equivalent of "git reset --hard" only when there
+ is no change to the working tree and the index instead, which would
+ be useful to "deploy" by pushing into a repository.
+
+ * "git new-workdir" (in contrib/) can be used to populate an empty
+ and existing directory now.
+
+ * Credential helpers are asked in turn until one of them give
+ positive response, which is cumbersome to turn off when you need to
+ run Git in an automated setting. The credential helper interface
+ learned to allow a helper to say "stop, don't ask other helpers."
+ Also GIT_TERMINAL_PROMPT environment can be set to false to disable
+ our built-in prompt mechanism for passwords.
+
+ * "git branch -d" (delete) and "git branch -m" (move) learned to
+ honor "-f" (force) flag; unlike many other subcommands, the way to
+ force these have been with separate "-D/-M" options, which was
+ inconsistent.
+
+ * "diff-highlight" filter (in contrib/) allows its color output to be
+ customized via configuration variables.
+
+ * "git imap-send" learned to take "-v" (verbose) and "-q" (quiet)
+ command line options.
+
+ * "git remote add $name $URL" is now allowed when "url.$URL.insteadOf"
+ is already defined.
+
+ * "git imap-send" now can be built to use cURL library to talk to
+ IMAP servers (if the library is recent enough, of course).
+ This allows you to use authenticate method other than CRAM-MD5,
+ among other things.
+
+ * "git imap-send" now allows GIT_CURL_VERBOSE environment variable to
+ control the verbosity when talking via the cURL library.
+
+ * The prompt script (in contrib/) learned to optionally hide prompt
+ when in an ignored directory by setting GIT_PS1_HIDE_IF_PWD_IGNORED
+ shell variable.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * Earlier we made "rev-list --object-edge" more aggressively list the
+ objects at the edge commits, in order to reduce number of objects 
+ fetched into a shallow repository, but the change affected cases
+ other than "fetching into a shallow repository" and made it
+ unusably slow (e.g. fetching into a normal repository should not
+ have to suffer the overhead from extra processing). Limit it to a
+ more specific case by introducing --objects-edge-aggressive, a new
+ option to rev-list.
+
+ * Squelched useless compiler warnings on Mac OS X regarding the
+ crypto API.
+
+ * The procedure to generate unicode table has been simplified.
+
+ * Some filesystems assign filemodes in a strange way, fooling then
+ automatic "filemode trustability" check done during a new
+ repository creation. The initialization codepath has been hardened
+ against this issue.
+
+ * The codepath in "git remote update --prune" to drop many refs has
+ been optimized.
+
+ * The API into get_merge_bases*() family of functions was easy to
+ misuse, which has been corrected to make it harder to do so.
+
+ * Long overdue departure from the assumption that S_IFMT is shared by
+ everybody made in 2005, which was necessary to port to z/OS.
+
+ * "git push" and "git fetch" did not communicate an overlong refname
+ correctly. Now it uses 64kB sideband to accommodate longer ones.
+
+ * Recent GPG changes the keyring format and drops support for RFC1991
+ formatted signatures, breaking our existing tests.
+
+ * "git-prompt" (in contrib/) used a variable from the global scope,
+ possibly contaminating end-user's namespace.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.2
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.2 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git http-push" over WebDAV (aka dumb http-push) was broken in
+ v2.2.2 when parsing a symbolic ref, resulting in a bogus request
+ that gets rejected by recent versions of cURL library.
+ (merge f6786c8 jk/http-push-symref-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The logic in "git bisect bad HEAD" etc. to avoid forcing the test
+ of the common ancestor of bad and good commits was broken.
+ (merge 07913d5 cc/bisect-rev-parsing later to maint).
+
+ * "git checkout-index --temp=$target $path" did not work correctly
+ for paths outside the current subdirectory in the project.
+ (merge 74c4de5 es/checkout-index-temp later to maint).
+
+ * The report from "git checkout" on a branch that builds on another
+ local branch by setting its branch.*.merge to branch name (not a
+ full refname) incorrectly said that the upstream is gone.
+ (merge 05e7368 jc/checkout-local-track-report later to maint).
+
+ * With The git-prompt support (in contrib/), using the exit status of
+ the last command in the prompt, e.g. PS1='$(__git_ps1) $? ', did
+ not work well, because the helper function stomped on the exit
+ status.
+ (merge 6babe76 tf/prompt-preserve-exit-status later to maint).
+
+ * Recent update to "git commit" broke amending an existing commit
+ with bogus author/committer lines without a valid e-mail address.
+ (merge c83a509 jk/commit-date-approxidate later to maint).
+
+ * The lockfile API used to get confused which file to clean up when
+ the process moved the $cwd after creating a lockfile.
+ (merge fa137f6 nd/lockfile-absolute later to maint).
+
+ * Traditionally we tried to avoid interpreting date strings given by
+ the user as future dates, e.g. GIT_COMMITTER_DATE=2014-12-10 when
+ used early November 2014 was taken as "October 12, 2014" because it
+ is likely that a date in the future, December 10, is a mistake.
+ This heuristics has been loosened to allow people to express future
+ dates (most notably, --until=<date> may want to be far in the
+ future) and we no longer tiebreak by future-ness of the date when
+
+ (1) ISO-like format is used, and
+ (2) the string can make sense interpreted as both y-m-d and y-d-m.
+
+ Git may still have to use the heuristics to tiebreak between dd/mm/yy
+ and mm/dd/yy, though.
+ (merge d372395 jk/approxidate-avoid-y-d-m-over-future-dates later to maint).
+
+ * Git did not correctly read an overlong refname from a packed refs
+ file.
+ (merge ea41783 jk/read-packed-refs-without-path-max later to maint).
+
+ * "git apply" was described in the documentation to take --ignore-date
+ option, which it does not.
+ (merge 0cef4e7 rw/apply-does-not-take-ignore-date later to maint).
+
+ * "git add -i" did not notice when the interactive command input
+ stream went away and kept asking the same question.
+ (merge a8bec7a jk/add-i-read-error later to maint).
+
+ * "git send-email" did not handle RFC 2047 encoded headers quite
+ right.
+ (merge ab47e2a rd/send-email-2047-fix later to maint).
+
+ * New tag object format validation added in 2.2 showed garbage after
+ a tagname it reported in its error message.
+ (merge a1e920a js/fsck-tag-validation later to maint).
+
+ * The code that reads the reflog from the newer to the older entries
+ did not handle an entry that crosses a boundary of block it uses to
+ read them correctly.
+ (merge 69216bf jk/for-each-reflog-ent-reverse later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff -B -M" after making a new copy B out of an existing file
+ A and then editing A extensively ought to report that B was created
+ by copying A and A was modified, which is what "git diff -C"
+ reports, but it instead said A was renamed to B and A was edited
+ heavily in place. This was not just incoherent but also failed to
+ apply with "git apply". The report has been corrected to match what
+ "git diff -C" produces for this case.
+ (merge 6936b58 jc/diff-b-m later to maint).
+
+ * In files we pre-populate for the user to edit with commented hints,
+ a line of hint that is indented with a tab used to show as '#' (or
+ any comment char), ' ' (space), and then the hint text that began
+ with the tab, which some editors flag as an indentation error (tab
+ following space). We now omit the space after the comment char in
+ such a case.
+ (merge d55aeb7 jc/strbuf-add-lines-avoid-sp-ht-sequence later to maint).
+
+ * "git ls-tree" does not support path selection based on negative
+ pathspecs, but did not error out when negative pathspecs are given.
+ (merge f1f6224 nd/ls-tree-pathspec later to maint).
+
+ * The function sometimes returned a non-freeable memory and some
+ other times returned a piece of memory that must be freed, leading
+ to inevitable leaks.
+ (merge 59362e5 jc/exec-cmd-system-path-leak-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The code to abbreviate an object name to its short unique prefix
+ has been optimized when no abbreviation was requested.
+ (merge 61e704e mh/find-uniq-abbrev later to maint).
+
+ * "git add --ignore-errors ..." did not ignore an error to
+ give a file that did not exist.
+ (merge 1d31e5a mg/add-ignore-errors later to maint).
+
+ * "git checkout $treeish $path", when $path in the index and the
+ working tree already matched what is in $treeish at the $path,
+ still overwrote the $path unnecessarily.
+ (merge c5326bd jk/checkout-from-tree later to maint).
+
+ * "git config --get-color" did not parse its command line arguments
+ carefully.
+ (merge cb35722 jk/colors-fix later to maint).
+
+ * open() emulated on Windows platforms did not give EISDIR upon
+ an attempt to open a directory for writing.
+ (merge ba6fad0 js/windows-open-eisdir-error later to maint).
+
+ * A few code paths used abs() when they should have used labs() on
+ long integers.
+ (merge 83915ba rs/maint-config-use-labs later to maint).
+ (merge 31a8aa1 rs/receive-pack-use-labs later to maint).
+
+ * "gitweb" used to depend on a behaviour recent CGI.pm deprecated.
+ (merge 13dbf46 jk/gitweb-with-newer-cgi-multi-param later to maint).
+
+ * "git init" (hence "git clone") initialized the per-repository
+ configuration file .git/config with x-bit by mistake.
+ (merge 1f32ecf mh/config-flip-xbit-back-after-checking later to maint).
+
+ * Recent update in Git 2.2 started creating objects/info/packs and
+ info/refs files with permission bits tighter than user's umask.
+ (merge d91175b jk/prune-packed-server-info later to maint).
+
+ * Git 2.0 was supposed to make the "simple" mode for the default of
+ "git push", but it didn't.
+ (merge 00a6fa0 jk/push-simple later to maint).
+
+ * "Everyday" document had a broken link.
+ (merge 366c8d4 po/everyday-doc later to maint).
+
+ * A few test fixes.
+ (merge 880ef58 jk/no-perl-tests later to maint).
+
+ * The build procedure did not bother fixing perl and python scripts
+ when NO_PERL and NO_PYTHON build-time configuration changed.
+ (merge ca2051d jk/rebuild-perl-scripts-with-no-perl-seting-change later to maint).
+
+ * The usage string of "git log" command was marked incorrectly for
+ l10n.
+ (merge e66dc0c km/log-usage-string-i18n later to maint).
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" mishandled --format="%(upstream:track)" when a
+ branch is marked to have forked from a non-existing branch.
+ (merge b6160d9 rc/for-each-ref-tracking later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cf96186
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
+Git v2.3.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3
+----------------
+
+ * The interactive "show a list and let the user choose from it"
+ interface "add -i" used showed and prompted to the user even when
+ the candidate list was empty, against which the only "choice" the
+ user could have made was to choose nothing.
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" used to under-allocate the memory
+ when the fix resulted in a longer text than the original patch.
+
+ * "git log --help" used to show rev-list options that are irrelevant
+ to the "log" command.
+
+ * The error message from "git commit", when a non-existing author
+ name was given as value to the "--author=" parameter, has been
+ reworded to avoid misunderstanding.
+
+ * A broken pack .idx file in the receiving repository prevented the
+ dumb http transport from fetching a good copy of it from the other
+ side.
+
+ * The documentation incorrectly said that C(opy) and R(ename) are the
+ only ones that can be followed by the score number in the output in
+ the --raw format.
+
+ * Fix a misspelled conditional that is always true.
+
+ * Code to read branch name from various files in .git/ directory
+ would have misbehaved if the code to write them left an empty file.
+
+ * The "git push" documentation made the "--repo=<there>" option
+ easily misunderstood.
+
+ * After attempting and failing a password-less authentication
+ (e.g. kerberos), libcURL refuses to fall back to password based
+ Basic authentication without a bit of help/encouragement.
+
+ * Setting diff.submodule to 'log' made "git format-patch" produce
+ broken patches.
+
+ * "git rerere" (invoked internally from many mergy operations) did
+ not correctly signal errors when told to update the working tree
+ files and failed to do so for whatever reason.
+
+ * "git blame HEAD -- missing" failed to correctly say "HEAD" when it
+ tried to say "No such path 'missing' in HEAD".
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..93462e4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,79 @@
+Git v2.3.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.1
+------------------
+
+ * "update-index --refresh" used to leak when an entry cannot be
+ refreshed for whatever reason.
+
+ * "git fast-import" used to crash when it could not close and
+ conclude the resulting packfile cleanly.
+
+ * "git blame" died, trying to free an uninitialized piece of memory.
+
+ * "git merge-file" did not work correctly in a subdirectory.
+
+ * "git submodule add" failed to squash "path/to/././submodule" to
+ "path/to/submodule".
+
+ * In v2.2.0, we broke "git prune" that runs in a repository that
+ borrows from an alternate object store.
+
+ * Certain older vintages of cURL give irregular output from
+ "curl-config --vernum", which confused our build system.
+
+ * An earlier workaround to squelch unhelpful deprecation warnings
+ from the compiler on Mac OSX unnecessarily set minimum required
+ version of the OS, which the user might want to raise (or lower)
+ for other reasons.
+
+ * Longstanding configuration variable naming rules has been added to
+ the documentation.
+
+ * The credential helper for Windows (in contrib/) used to mishandle
+ a user name with an at-sign in it.
+
+ * Older GnuPG implementations may not correctly import the keyring
+ material we prepare for the tests to use.
+
+ * Clarify in the documentation that "remote.<nick>.pushURL" and
+ "remote.<nick>.URL" are there to name the same repository accessed
+ via different transports, not two separate repositories.
+
+ * The pack bitmap support did not build with older versions of GCC.
+
+ * Reading configuration from a blob object, when it ends with a lone
+ CR, use to confuse the configuration parser.
+
+ * We didn't format an integer that wouldn't fit in "int" but in
+ "uintmax_t" correctly.
+
+ * "git push --signed" gave an incorrectly worded error message when
+ the other side did not support the capability.
+
+ * "git fetch" over a remote-helper that cannot respond to "list"
+ command could not fetch from a symbolic reference e.g. HEAD.
+
+ * The insn sheet "git rebase -i" creates did not fully honor
+ core.abbrev settings.
+
+ * The tests that wanted to see that file becomes unreadable after
+ running "chmod a-r file", and the tests that wanted to make sure it
+ is not run as root, we used "can we write into the / directory?" as
+ a cheap substitute, but on some platforms that is not a good
+ heuristics. The tests and their prerequisites have been updated to
+ check what they really require.
+
+ * The configuration variable 'mailinfo.scissors' was hard to
+ discover in the documentation.
+
+ * Correct a breakage to git-svn around v2.2 era that triggers
+ premature closing of FileHandle.
+
+ * Even though we officially haven't dropped Perl 5.8 support, the
+ Getopt::Long package that came with it does not support "--no-"
+ prefix to negate a boolean option; manually add support to help
+ people with older Getopt::Long package.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5ef1264
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+Git v2.3.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.2
+------------------
+
+ * A corrupt input to "git diff -M" used cause us to segfault.
+
+ * The borrowed code in kwset API did not follow our usual convention
+ to use "unsigned char" to store values that range from 0-255.
+
+ * Description given by "grep -h" for its --exclude-standard option
+ was phrased poorly.
+
+ * Documentaton for "git remote add" mentioned "--tags" and
+ "--no-tags" and it was not clear that fetch from the remote in
+ the future will use the default behaviour when neither is given
+ to override it.
+
+ * "git diff --shortstat --dirstat=changes" showed a dirstat based on
+ lines that was never asked by the end user in addition to the
+ dirstat that the user asked for.
+
+ * The interaction between "git submodule update" and the
+ submodule.*.update configuration was not clearly documented.
+
+ * "git apply" was not very careful about reading from, removing,
+ updating and creating paths outside the working tree (under
+ --index/--cached) or the current directory (when used as a
+ replacement for GNU patch).
+
+ * "git daemon" looked up the hostname even when "%CH" and "%IP"
+ interpolations are not requested, which was unnecessary.
+
+ * The "interpolated-path" option of "git daemon" inserted any string
+ client declared on the "host=" capability request without checking.
+ Sanitize and limit %H and %CH to a saner and a valid DNS name.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..094c7b8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+Git v2.3.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.3
+------------------
+
+ * The 'color.status.unmerged' configuration was not described.
+
+ * "git log --decorate" did not reset colors correctly around the
+ branch names.
+
+ * "git -C '' subcmd" refused to work in the current directory, unlike
+ "cd ''" which silently behaves as a no-op.
+
+ * "git imap-send" learned to optionally talk with an IMAP server via
+ libcURL; because there is no other option when Git is built with
+ NO_OPENSSL option, use that codepath by default under such
+ configuration.
+
+ * A workaround for certain build of GPG that triggered false breakage
+ in a test has been added.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" recently started to include the number of
+ commits in the insn sheet to be processed, but on a platform
+ that prepends leading whitespaces to "wc -l" output, the numbers
+ are shown with extra whitespaces that aren't necessary.
+
+ * We did not parse username followed by literal IPv6 address in SSH
+ transport URLs, e.g. ssh://user@[2001:db8::1]:22/repo.git
+ correctly.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5b309db
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+Git v2.3.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.4
+------------------
+
+ * The prompt script (in contrib/) did not show the untracked sign
+ when working in a subdirectory without any untracked files.
+
+ * Even though "git grep --quiet" is run merely to ask for the exit
+ status, we spawned the pager regardless. Stop doing that.
+
+ * Recommend format-patch and send-email for those who want to submit
+ patches to this project.
+
+ * An failure early in the "git clone" that started creating the
+ working tree and repository could have resulted in some directories
+ and files left without getting cleaned up.
+
+ * "git fetch" that fetches a commit using the allow-tip-sha1-in-want
+ extension could have failed to fetch all the requested refs.
+
+ * The split-index mode introduced at v2.3.0-rc0~41 was broken in the
+ codepath to protect us against a broken reimplementation of Git
+ that writes an invalid index with duplicated index entries, etc.
+
+ * "git prune" used to largely ignore broken refs when deciding which
+ objects are still being used, which could spread an existing small
+ damage and make it a larger one.
+
+ * "git tag -h" used to show the "--column" and "--sort" options
+ that are about listing in a wrong section.
+
+ * The transfer.hiderefs support did not quite work for smart-http
+ transport.
+
+ * The code that reads from the ctags file in the completion script
+ (in contrib/) did not spell ${param/pattern/string} substitution
+ correctly, which happened to work with bash but not with zsh.
+
+ * The explanation on "rebase --preserve-merges", "pull --rebase=preserve",
+ and "push --force-with-lease" in the documentation was unclear.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..432f770
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+Git v2.3.6 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.5
+------------------
+
+ * "diff-highlight" (in contrib/) used to show byte-by-byte
+ differences, which meant that multi-byte characters can be chopped
+ in the middle. It learned to pay attention to character boundaries
+ (assuming the UTF-8 payload).
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.7.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.7.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fc95812
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.7.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+Git v2.3.7 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.6
+------------------
+
+ * An earlier update to the parser that disects a URL broke an
+ address, followed by a colon, followed by an empty string (instead
+ of the port number), e.g. ssh://example.com:/path/to/repo.
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/) contaminated global namespace
+ and clobbered on a shell variable $x.
+
+ * The "git push --signed" protocol extension did not limit what the
+ "nonce" that is a server-chosen string can contain or how long it
+ can be, which was unnecessarily lax. Limit both the length and the
+ alphabet to a reasonably small space that can still have enough
+ entropy.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.8.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.8.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0b67268
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.3.8.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+Git v2.3.8 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.3.7
+------------------
+
+ * The usual "git diff" when seeing a file turning into a directory
+ showed a patchset to remove the file and create all files in the
+ directory, but "git diff --no-index" simply refused to work. Also,
+ when asked to compare a file and a directory, imitate POSIX "diff"
+ and compare the file with the file with the same name in the
+ directory, instead of refusing to run.
+
+ * The default $HOME/.gitconfig file created upon "git config --global"
+ that edits it had incorrectly spelled user.name and user.email
+ entries in it.
+
+ * "git commit --date=now" or anything that relies on approxidate lost
+ the daylight-saving-time offset.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cde64be
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,514 @@
+Git 2.4 Release Notes
+=====================
+
+Backward compatibility warning(s)
+---------------------------------
+
+This release has a few changes in the user-visible output from
+Porcelain commands. These are not meant to be parsed by scripts, but
+users still may want to be aware of the changes:
+
+ * The output from "git log --decorate" (and, more generally, the "%d"
+ format specifier used in the "--format=<string>" parameter to the
+ "git log" family of commands) has changed. It used to list "HEAD"
+ just like other branches; e.g.,
+
+ $ git log --decorate -1 master
+ commit bdb0f6788fa5e3cacc4315e9ff318a27b2676ff4 (HEAD, master)
+ ...
+
+ This release changes the output slightly when HEAD refers to a
+ branch whose name is also shown in the output. The above is now
+ shown as:
+
+ $ git log --decorate -1 master
+ commit bdb0f6788fa5e3cacc4315e9ff318a27b2676ff4 (HEAD -> master)
+ ...
+
+ * The phrasing "git branch" uses to describe a detached HEAD has been
+ updated to agree with the phrasing used by "git status":
+
+ - When HEAD is at the same commit as when it was originally
+ detached, they now both show "detached at <commit object name>".
+
+ - When HEAD has moved since it was originally detached, they now
+ both show "detached from <commit object name>".
+
+ Previously, "git branch" always used "from".
+
+
+Updates since v2.3
+------------------
+
+Ports
+
+ * Our default I/O size (8 MiB) for large files was too large for some
+ platforms with smaller SSIZE_MAX, leading to read(2)/write(2)
+ failures.
+
+ * We did not check the curl library version before using the
+ CURLOPT_PROXYAUTH feature, which did not exist in older versions of
+ the library.
+
+ * We now detect number of CPUs on older BSD-derived systems.
+
+ * Portability fixes and workarounds for shell scripts have been added
+ to help BSD-derived systems.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * The command usage info strings given by "git cmd -h" and in
+ documentation have been tweaked for consistency.
+
+ * The "sync" subcommand of "git p4" now allows users to exclude
+ subdirectories like its "clone" subcommand does.
+
+ * "git log --invert-grep --grep=WIP" will show only commits that do
+ not have the string "WIP" in their messages.
+
+ * "git push" has been taught an "--atomic" option that makes a push
+ that updates more than one ref an "all-or-none" affair.
+
+ * Extending the "push to deploy" feature that was added in 2.3, the
+ behaviour of "git push" when updating the branch that is checked
+ out can now be tweaked by a "push-to-checkout" hook.
+
+ * HTTP-based transports now send Accept-Language when making
+ requests. The languages to accept are inferred from environment
+ variables on the client side (LANGUAGE, etc).
+
+ * "git send-email" used to accept a mistaken "y" (or "yes") as an
+ answer to "What encoding do you want to use [UTF-8]?" without
+ questioning. Now it asks for confirmation when the answer looks too
+ short to be a valid encoding name.
+
+ * When "git apply --whitespace=fix" fixed whitespace errors in the
+ common context lines, the command reports that it did so.
+
+ * "git status" now allows the "-v" option to be given twice, in which
+ case it also shows the differences in the working tree that are not
+ staged to be committed.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" used to clean up the log message even when it is
+ merely replaying an existing commit. It now replays the message
+ verbatim unless you are editing the message of the resulting
+ commit.
+
+ * "git archive" can now be told to set the 'text' attribute in the
+ resulting zip archive.
+
+ * Output from "git log --decorate" now distinguishes between a
+ detached HEAD vs. a HEAD that points at a branch.
+
+ This is a potentially backward-incompatible change; see above for
+ more information.
+
+ * When HEAD was detached when at commit xyz and hasn't been moved
+ since it was detached, "git status" would report "detached at xyz"
+ whereas "git branch" would report "detached from xyz". Now the
+ output of "git branch" agrees with that of "git status".
+
+ This is a potentially backward-incompatible change; see above for
+ more information.
+
+ * "git -C '' subcmd" now works in the current directory (analogously
+ to "cd ''") rather than dying with an error message.
+ (merge 6a536e2 kn/git-cd-to-empty later to maint).
+
+ * The versionsort.prereleaseSuffix configuration variable can be used
+ to specify that, for example, v1.0-pre1 comes before v1.0.
+
+ * A new "push.followTags" configuration turns the "--follow-tags"
+ option on by default for the "git push" command.
+
+ * "git log --graph --no-walk A B..." is a nonsensical combination of
+ options: "--no-walk" requests discrete points in the history, while
+ "--graph" asks to draw connections between these discrete points.
+ Forbid the use of these options together.
+
+ * "git rev-list --bisect --first-parent" does not work (yet) and can
+ even cause SEGV; forbid it. "git log --bisect --first-parent" would
+ not be useful until "git bisect --first-parent" materializes, so
+ also forbid it for now.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * Slightly change the implementation of the N_() macro to help us
+ detect mistakes.
+
+ * Restructure the implementation of "reflog expire" to fit better
+ with the recently updated reference API.
+
+ * The transport-helper did not pass transport options such as
+ verbosity, progress, cloning, etc. to import and export based
+ helpers, like it did for fetch and push based helpers, robbing them
+ of the chance to honor the wish of the end-users better.
+
+ * The tests that wanted to see that a file becomes unreadable after
+ running "chmod a-r file", and the tests that wanted to make sure
+ that they are not run as root, used "can we write into the /
+ directory?" as a cheap substitute. But on some platforms that is
+ not a good heuristic. The tests and their prerequisites have been
+ updated to check what they really require.
+ (merge f400e51 jk/sanity later to maint).
+
+ * Various issues around "reflog expire", e.g. using --updateref when
+ expiring a reflog for a symbolic reference, have been corrected
+ and/or made saner.
+
+ * The documentation for the strbuf API had been split between the API
+ documentation and the header file. Consolidate the documentation in
+ strbuf.h.
+
+ * The error handling functions and conventions are now documented in
+ the API manual (in api-error-handling.txt).
+
+ * Optimize gitattribute look-up, mostly useful in "git grep" on a
+ project that does not use many attributes, by avoiding it when we
+ (should) know that the attributes are not defined in the first
+ place.
+
+ * Typofix in comments.
+ (merge ef2956a ak/git-pm-typofix later to maint).
+
+ * Code clean-up.
+ (merge 0b868f0 sb/hex-object-name-is-at-most-41-bytes-long later to maint).
+ (merge 5d30851 dp/remove-duplicated-header-inclusion later to maint).
+
+ * Simplify the ref transaction API for verifying that "the ref should
+ be pointing at this object".
+
+ * Simplify the code in "git daemon" that parses out and holds
+ hostnames used in request interpolation.
+
+ * Restructure the "git push" codepath to make it easier to add new
+ configuration bits.
+
+ * The run-command interface made it easy to make a pipe for us to
+ read from a process, wait for the process to finish, and then
+ attempt to read its output. But this pattern can lead to deadlock.
+ So introduce a helper to do this correctly (i.e., first read, and
+ then wait the process to finish) and also add code to prevent such
+ abuse in the run-command helper.
+
+ * People often forget to chain the commands in their test together
+ with &&, letting a failure from an earlier command in the test go
+ unnoticed. The new GIT_TEST_CHAIN_LINT mechanism allows you to
+ catch such a mistake more easily.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.3
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.3 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * "git blame HEAD -- missing" failed to correctly say "HEAD" when it
+ tried to say "No such path 'missing' in HEAD".
+ (merge a46442f jk/blame-commit-label later to maint).
+
+ * "git rerere" (invoked internally from many mergy operations) did
+ not correctly signal errors when it attempted to update the working
+ tree files but failed for whatever reason.
+ (merge 89ea903 jn/rerere-fail-on-auto-update-failure later to maint).
+
+ * Setting diff.submodule to 'log' made "git format-patch" produce
+ broken patches.
+ (merge 339de50 dk/format-patch-ignore-diff-submodule later to maint).
+
+ * After attempting and failing a password-less authentication (e.g.,
+ Kerberos), libcURL refuses to fall back to password-based Basic
+ authentication without a bit of help/encouragement.
+ (merge 4dbe664 bc/http-fallback-to-password-after-krb-fails later to maint).
+
+ * The "git push" documentation for the "--repo=<there>" option was
+ easily misunderstood.
+ (merge 57b92a7 mg/push-repo-option-doc later to maint).
+
+ * Code to read a branch name from various files in the .git/
+ directory would have overrun array limits if asked to read an empty
+ file.
+ (merge 66ec904 jk/status-read-branch-name-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Remove a superfluous conditional that is always true.
+ (merge 94ee8e2 jk/remote-curl-an-array-in-struct-cannot-be-null later to maint).
+
+ * The "git diff --raw" documentation incorrectly implied that C(opy)
+ and R(ename) are the only statuses that can be followed by a score
+ number.
+ (merge ac1c2d9 jc/diff-format-doc later to maint).
+
+ * A broken pack .idx file in the receiving repository prevented the
+ dumb http transport from fetching a good copy of it from the other
+ side.
+ (merge 8b9c2dd jk/dumb-http-idx-fetch-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The error message from "git commit", when a non-existing author
+ name was given as value to the "--author=" parameter, has been
+ reworded to avoid misunderstanding.
+ (merge 1044b1f mg/commit-author-no-match-malformed-message later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --help" used to show rev-list options that are irrelevant
+ to the "log" command.
+ (merge 3cab02d jc/doc-log-rev-list-options later to maint).
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" used to under-allocate memory when the
+ fix resulted in a longer text than the original patch.
+ (merge 407a792 jc/apply-ws-fix-expands later to maint).
+
+ * The interactive "show a list and let the user choose from it"
+ interface used by "git add -i" unnecessarily prompted the user even
+ when the candidate list was empty, against which the only "choice"
+ the user could have made was to choose nothing.
+ (merge a9c4641 ak/add-i-empty-candidates later to maint).
+
+ * The todo list created by "git rebase -i" did not fully honor
+ core.abbrev settings.
+ (merge edb72d5 ks/rebase-i-abbrev later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch" over a remote-helper that cannot respond to the "list"
+ command could not fetch from a symbolic reference (e.g., HEAD).
+ (merge 33cae54 mh/deref-symref-over-helper-transport later to maint).
+
+ * "git push --signed" gave an incorrectly worded error message when
+ the other side did not support the capability.
+
+ * The "git push --signed" protocol extension did not limit what the
+ "nonce" (a server-chosen string) could contain nor how long it
+ could be, which was unnecessarily lax. Limit both the length and
+ the alphabet to a reasonably small space that can still have enough
+ entropy.
+ (merge afcb6ee jc/push-cert later to maint).
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/) clobbered the shell variable $x
+ in the global shell namespace.
+ (merge 852ff1c ma/bash-completion-leaking-x later to maint).
+
+ * We incorrectly formatted a "uintmax_t" integer that doesn't fit in
+ "int".
+ (merge d306f3d jk/decimal-width-for-uintmax later to maint).
+
+ * The configuration parser used to be confused when reading
+ configuration from a blob object that ends with a lone CR.
+ (merge 1d0655c jk/config-no-ungetc-eof later to maint).
+
+ * The pack bitmap support did not build with older versions of GCC.
+ (merge bd4e882 jk/pack-bitmap later to maint).
+
+ * The documentation wasn't clear that "remote.<nick>.pushURL" and
+ "remote.<nick>.URL" are there to name the same repository accessed
+ via different transports, not two separate repositories.
+ (merge 697f652 jc/remote-set-url-doc later to maint).
+
+ * Older GnuPG implementations may not correctly import the keyring
+ material we prepare for the tests to use.
+ (merge 1f985d6 ch/new-gpg-drops-rfc-1991 later to maint).
+
+ * The credential helper for Windows (in contrib/) used to mishandle
+ user names that contain an at-sign.
+ (merge 13d261e av/wincred-with-at-in-username-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "diff-highlight" (in contrib/) used to show byte-by-byte
+ differences, which could cause multi-byte characters to be chopped
+ in the middle. It learned to pay attention to character boundaries
+ (assuming UTF-8).
+ (merge 8d00662 jk/colors later to maint).
+
+ * Document longstanding configuration variable naming rules in
+ CodingGuidelines.
+ (merge 35840a3 jc/conf-var-doc later to maint).
+
+ * An earlier workaround to squelch unhelpful deprecation warnings
+ from the compiler on OS X unnecessarily set a minimum required
+ version of the OS, which the user might want to raise (or lower)
+ for other reasons.
+ (merge 88c03eb es/squelch-openssl-warnings-on-macosx later to maint).
+
+ * Certain older vintages of cURL give irregular output from
+ "curl-config --vernum", which confused our build system.
+ (merge 3af6792 tc/curl-vernum-output-broken-in-7.11 later to maint).
+
+ * In v2.2.0, we broke "git prune" that runs in a repository that
+ borrows from an alternate object store.
+ (merge b0a4264 jk/prune-mtime later to maint).
+
+ * "git submodule add" failed to squash "path/to/././submodule" to
+ "path/to/submodule".
+ (merge 8196e72 ps/submodule-sanitize-path-upon-add later to maint).
+
+ * "git merge-file" did not work correctly when invoked in a
+ subdirectory.
+ (merge 204a8ff ab/merge-file-prefix later to maint).
+
+ * "git blame" could die trying to free an uninitialized piece of
+ memory.
+ (merge e600592 es/blame-commit-info-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git fast-import" used to crash when it could not close and
+ finalize the resulting packfile cleanly.
+ (merge 5e915f3 jk/fast-import-die-nicely-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "update-index --refresh" used to leak memory when an entry could
+ not be refreshed for whatever reason.
+ (merge bc1c2ca sb/plug-leak-in-make-cache-entry later to maint).
+
+ * The "interpolated-path" option of "git daemon" inserted any string
+ the client declared on the "host=" capability request without
+ checking. Sanitize and limit %H and %CH to a saner and a valid DNS
+ name.
+ (merge b485373 jk/daemon-interpolate later to maint).
+
+ * "git daemon" unnecessarily looked up the hostname even when "%CH"
+ and "%IP" interpolations were not requested.
+ (merge dc8edc8 rs/daemon-interpolate later to maint).
+
+ * We relied on "--no-" prefix handling in Perl's Getopt::Long
+ package, even though that support didn't exist in Perl 5.8 (which
+ we still support). Manually add support to help people with older
+ Getopt::Long packages.
+ (merge f471494 km/send-email-getopt-long-workarounds later to maint).
+
+ * "git apply" was not very careful about reading from, removing,
+ updating and creating paths outside the working tree (under
+ --index/--cached) or the current directory (when used as a
+ replacement for GNU patch).
+ (merge e0d201b jc/apply-beyond-symlink later to maint).
+
+ * Correct a breakage in git-svn, introduced around the v2.2 era, that
+ can cause FileHandles to be closed prematurely.
+ (merge e426311 ew/svn-maint-fixes later to maint).
+
+ * We did not parse usernames followed by literal IPv6 addresses
+ correctly in SSH transport URLs; e.g.,
+ ssh://user@[2001:db8::1]:22/repo.git.
+ (merge 6b6c5f7 tb/connect-ipv6-parse-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The configuration variable 'mailinfo.scissors' was hard to
+ discover in the documentation.
+ (merge afb5de7 mm/am-c-doc later to maint).
+
+ * The interaction between "git submodule update" and the
+ submodule.*.update configuration was not clearly documented.
+ (merge 5c31acf ms/submodule-update-config-doc later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff --shortstat" used together with "--dirstat=changes" or
+ "--dirstat=files" incorrectly output dirstat information twice.
+ (merge ab27389 mk/diff-shortstat-dirstat-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The manpage for "git remote add" mentioned "--tags" and "--no-tags"
+ but did not explain what happens if neither option is provided.
+ (merge aaba0ab mg/doc-remote-tags-or-not later to maint).
+
+ * The description of "--exclude-standard option" in the output of
+ "git grep -h" was phrased poorly.
+ (merge 77fdb8a nd/grep-exclude-standard-help-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase -i" recently started to include the number of commits
+ in the todo list, but that output included extraneous whitespace on
+ a platform that prepends leading whitespaces to its "wc -l" output.
+ (merge 2185d3b es/rebase-i-count-todo later to maint).
+
+ * The borrowed code in the kwset API did not follow our usual
+ convention to use "unsigned char" to store values that range from
+ 0-255.
+ (merge 189c860 bw/kwset-use-unsigned later to maint).
+
+ * A corrupt input to "git diff -M" used to cause it to segfault.
+ (merge 4d6be03 jk/diffcore-rename-duplicate later to maint).
+
+ * Certain builds of GPG triggered false breakages in a test.
+ (merge 3f88c1b mg/verify-commit later to maint).
+
+ * "git imap-send" learned to optionally talk with an IMAP server via
+ libcURL. Because there is no other option when Git is built with
+ the NO_OPENSSL option, use libcURL by default in that case.
+ (merge dcd01ea km/imap-send-libcurl-options later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --decorate" did not reset colors correctly around the
+ branch names.
+ (merge 5ee8758 jc/decorate-leaky-separator-color later to maint).
+
+ * The code that reads from the ctags file in the completion script
+ (in contrib/) did not spell ${param/pattern/string} substitution
+ correctly, which happened to work with bash but not with zsh.
+ (merge db8d750 js/completion-ctags-pattern-substitution-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The transfer.hiderefs support did not quite work for smart-http
+ transport.
+ (merge 8ddf3ca jk/smart-http-hide-refs later to maint).
+
+ * In the "git tag -h" output, move the documentation for the
+ "--column" and "--sort" options to the "Tag listing options"
+ section.
+ (merge dd059c6 jk/tag-h-column-is-a-listing-option later to maint).
+
+ * "git prune" used to largely ignore broken refs when deciding which
+ objects are still being used, which could cause reference
+ corruption to lead to object loss.
+ (merge ea56c4e jk/prune-with-corrupt-refs later to maint).
+
+ * The split-index mode introduced in v2.3.0-rc0~41 was broken in the
+ codepath to protect us against a broken reimplementation of Git
+ that writes an invalid index with duplicated index entries, etc.
+ (merge 03f15a7 tg/fix-check-order-with-split-index later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch", when fetching a commit using the
+ allow-tip-sha1-in-want extension, could have failed to fetch all of
+ the requested refs.
+ (merge 32d0462 jk/fetch-pack later to maint).
+
+ * An failure early in the "git clone" that started creating the
+ working tree and repository could have resulted in the failure to
+ clean up some directories and files.
+ (merge 16eff6c jk/cleanup-failed-clone later to maint).
+
+ * Recommend format-patch and send-email for those who want to submit
+ patches to this project.
+ (merge b25c469 jc/submitting-patches-mention-send-email later to maint).
+
+ * Do not spawn the pager when "git grep" is run with "--quiet".
+ (merge c2048f0 ws/grep-quiet-no-pager later to maint).
+
+ * The prompt script (in contrib/) did not show the untracked sign
+ when working in a subdirectory without any untracked files.
+ (merge 9bdc517 ct/prompt-untracked-fix later to maint).
+
+ * An earlier update to the URL parser broke an address that contains
+ a colon but an empty string for the port number, like
+ ssh://example.com:/path/to/repo.
+ (merge 6b6c5f7 tb/connect-ipv6-parse-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Code cleanups and documentation updates.
+ (merge 2ce63e9 rs/simple-cleanups later to maint).
+ (merge 33baa69 rj/no-xopen-source-for-cygwin later to maint).
+ (merge 817d03e jc/diff-test-updates later to maint).
+ (merge eb32c66 ak/t5516-typofix later to maint).
+ (merge bcd57cb mr/doc-clean-f-f later to maint).
+ (merge 0d6accc mg/doc-status-color-slot later to maint).
+ (merge 53e53c7 sg/completion-remote later to maint).
+ (merge 8fa7975 ak/git-done-help-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge 9a6f128 rs/deflate-init-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge 6f75d45 rs/use-isxdigit later to maint).
+ (merge 376e4b3 jk/test-annoyances later to maint).
+ (merge 7032054 nd/doc-git-index-version later to maint).
+ (merge e869c5e tg/test-index-v4 later to maint).
+ (merge 599d223 jk/simplify-csum-file-sha1fd-check later to maint).
+ (merge 260d585 sg/completion-gitcomp-nl-for-refs later to maint).
+ (merge 777c55a jc/report-path-error-to-dir later to maint).
+ (merge fddfaf8 ph/push-doc-cas later to maint).
+ (merge d50d31e ss/pull-rebase-preserve later to maint).
+ (merge c8c3f1d pt/enter-repo-comment-fix later to maint).
+ (merge d7bfb9e jz/gitweb-conf-doc-fix later to maint).
+ (merge f907282 jk/cherry-pick-docfix later to maint).
+ (merge d3c0811 iu/fix-parse-options-h-comment later to maint).
+ (merge 6c3b2af jg/cguide-we-cannot-count later to maint).
+ (merge 2b8bd44 jk/pack-corruption-post-mortem later to maint).
+ (merge 9585cb8 jn/doc-fast-import-no-16-octopus-limit later to maint).
+ (merge 5dcd1b1 ps/grep-help-all-callback-arg later to maint).
+ (merge f1f4c84 va/fix-git-p4-tests later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a65a6c5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+Git v2.4.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4
+----------------
+
+ * The usual "git diff" when seeing a file turning into a directory
+ showed a patchset to remove the file and create all files in the
+ directory, but "git diff --no-index" simply refused to work. Also,
+ when asked to compare a file and a directory, imitate POSIX "diff"
+ and compare the file with the file with the same name in the
+ directory, instead of refusing to run.
+
+ * The default $HOME/.gitconfig file created upon "git config --global"
+ that edits it had incorrectly spelled user.name and user.email
+ entries in it.
+
+ * "git commit --date=now" or anything that relies on approxidate lost
+ the daylight-saving-time offset.
+
+ * "git cat-file bl $blob" failed to barf even though there is no
+ object type that is "bl".
+
+ * Teach the codepaths that read .gitignore and .gitattributes files
+ that these files encoded in UTF-8 may have UTF-8 BOM marker at the
+ beginning; this makes it in line with what we do for configuration
+ files already.
+
+ * Access to objects in repositories that borrow from another one on a
+ slow NFS server unnecessarily got more expensive due to recent code
+ becoming more cautious in a naive way not to lose objects to pruning.
+
+ * We avoid setting core.worktree when the repository location is the
+ ".git" directory directly at the top level of the working tree, but
+ the code misdetected the case in which the working tree is at the
+ root level of the filesystem (which arguably is a silly thing to
+ do, but still valid).
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..250cdc4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
+Git v2.4.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.1
+------------------
+
+ * "git rev-list --objects $old --not --all" to see if everything that
+ is reachable from $old is already connected to the existing refs
+ was very inefficient.
+
+ * "hash-object --literally" introduced in v2.2 was not prepared to
+ take a really long object type name.
+
+ * "git rebase --quiet" was not quite quiet when there is nothing to
+ do.
+
+ * The completion for "log --decorate=" parameter value was incorrect.
+
+ * "filter-branch" corrupted commit log message that ends with an
+ incomplete line on platforms with some "sed" implementations that
+ munge such a line. Work it around by avoiding to use "sed".
+
+ * "git daemon" fails to build from the source under NO_IPV6
+ configuration (regression in 2.4).
+
+ * "git stash pop/apply" forgot to make sure that not just the working
+ tree is clean but also the index is clean. The latter is important
+ as a stash application can conflict and the index will be used for
+ conflict resolution.
+
+ * We have prepended $GIT_EXEC_PATH and the path "git" is installed in
+ (typically "/usr/bin") to $PATH when invoking subprograms and hooks
+ for almost eternity, but the original use case the latter tried to
+ support was semi-bogus (i.e. install git to /opt/foo/git and run it
+ without having /opt/foo on $PATH), and more importantly it has
+ become less and less relevant as Git grew more mainstream (i.e. the
+ users would _want_ to have it on their $PATH). Stop prepending the
+ path in which "git" is installed to users' $PATH, as that would
+ interfere the command search order people depend on (e.g. they may
+ not like versions of programs that are unrelated to Git in /usr/bin
+ and want to override them by having different ones in /usr/local/bin
+ and have the latter directory earlier in their $PATH).
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..914d2c1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,76 @@
+Git v2.4.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.3
+------------------
+
+ * Error messages from "git branch" called remote-tracking branches as
+ "remote branches".
+
+ * "git rerere forget" in a repository without rerere enabled gave a
+ cryptic error message; it should be a silent no-op instead.
+
+ * "git pull --log" and "git pull --no-log" worked as expected, but
+ "git pull --log=20" did not.
+
+ * The pull.ff configuration was supposed to override the merge.ff
+ configuration, but it didn't.
+
+ * The code to read pack-bitmap wanted to allocate a few hundred
+ pointers to a structure, but by mistake allocated and leaked memory
+ enough to hold that many actual structures. Correct the allocation
+ size and also have it on stack, as it is small enough.
+
+ * Various documentation mark-up fixes to make the output more
+ consistent in general and also make AsciiDoctor (an alternative
+ formatter) happier.
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not diagnose extra parameters on the
+ command line.
+
+ * Multi-ref transaction support we merged a few releases ago
+ unnecessarily kept many file descriptors open, risking to fail with
+ resource exhaustion.
+
+ * The ref API did not handle cases where 'refs/heads/xyzzy/frotz' is
+ removed at the same time as 'refs/heads/xyzzy' is added (or vice
+ versa) very well.
+
+ * The "log --decorate" enhancement in Git 2.4 that shows the commit
+ at the tip of the current branch e.g. "HEAD -> master", did not
+ work with --decorate=full.
+
+ * There was a commented-out (instead of being marked to expect
+ failure) test that documented a breakage that was fixed since the
+ test was written; turn it into a proper test.
+
+ * core.excludesfile (defaulting to $XDG_HOME/git/ignore) is supposed
+ to be overridden by repository-specific .git/info/exclude file, but
+ the order was swapped from the beginning. This belatedly fixes it.
+
+ * The connection initiation code for "ssh" transport tried to absorb
+ differences between the stock "ssh" and Putty-supplied "plink" and
+ its derivatives, but the logic to tell that we are using "plink"
+ variants were too loose and falsely triggered when "plink" appeared
+ anywhere in the path (e.g. "/home/me/bin/uplink/ssh").
+
+ * "git rebase -i" moved the "current" command from "todo" to "done" a
+ bit too prematurely, losing a step when a "pick" did not even start.
+
+ * "git add -e" did not allow the user to abort the operation by
+ killing the editor.
+
+ * Git 2.4 broke setting verbosity and progress levels on "git clone"
+ with native transports.
+
+ * Some time ago, "git blame" (incorrectly) lost the convert_to_git()
+ call when synthesizing a fake "tip" commit that represents the
+ state in the working tree, which broke folks who record the history
+ with LF line ending to make their project portabile across
+ platforms while terminating lines in their working tree files with
+ CRLF for their platform.
+
+ * Code clean-up for xdg configuration path support.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f1ccd00
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
+Git v2.4.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.3
+------------------
+
+ * l10n updates for German.
+
+ * An earlier leakfix to bitmap testing code was incomplete.
+
+ * "git clean pathspec..." tried to lstat(2) and complain even for
+ paths outside the given pathspec.
+
+ * Communication between the HTTP server and http_backend process can
+ lead to a dead-lock when relaying a large ref negotiation request.
+ Diagnose the situation better, and mitigate it by reading such a
+ request first into core (to a reasonable limit).
+
+ * The clean/smudge interface did not work well when filtering an
+ empty contents (failed and then passed the empty input through).
+ It can be argued that a filter that produces anything but empty for
+ an empty input is nonsense, but if the user wants to do strange
+ things, then why not?
+
+ * Make "git stash something --help" error out, so that users can
+ safely say "git stash drop --help".
+
+ * Clarify that "log --raw" and "log --format=raw" are unrelated
+ concepts.
+
+ * Catch a programmer mistake to feed a pointer not an array to
+ ARRAY_SIZE() macro, by using a couple of GCC extensions.
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..568297c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.4.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+Git v2.4.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v2.4.4
+------------------
+
+ * The setup code used to die when core.bare and core.worktree are set
+ inconsistently, even for commands that do not need working tree.
+
+ * There was a dead code that used to handle "git pull --tags" and
+ show special-cased error message, which was made irrelevant when
+ the semantics of the option changed back in Git 1.9 days.
+
+ * "color.diff.plain" was a misnomer; give it 'color.diff.context' as
+ a more logical synonym.
+
+ * The configuration reader/writer uses mmap(2) interface to access
+ the files; when we find a directory, it barfed with "Out of memory?".
+
+ * Recent "git prune" traverses young unreachable objects to safekeep
+ old objects in the reachability chain from them, which sometimes
+ showed unnecessary error messages that are alarming.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" fired post-rewrite hook when it shouldn't (namely,
+ when it was told to stop sequencing with 'exec' insn).
+
+Also contains typofixes, documentation updates and trivial code
+clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5030b24
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,508 @@
+Git 2.5 Release Notes
+=====================
+
+Updates since v2.4
+------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * The bash completion script (in contrib/) learned a few options that
+ "git revert" takes.
+
+ * Whitespace breakages in deleted and context lines can also be
+ painted in the output of "git diff" and friends with the new
+ --ws-error-highlight option.
+
+ * List of commands shown by "git help" are grouped along the workflow
+ elements to help early learners.
+
+ * "git p4" now detects the filetype (e.g. binary) correctly even when
+ the files are opened exclusively.
+
+ * git p4 attempts to better handle branches in Perforce.
+
+ * "git p4" learned "--changes-block-size <n>" to read the changes in
+ chunks from Perforce, instead of making one call to "p4 changes"
+ that may trigger "too many rows scanned" error from Perforce.
+
+ * More workaround for Perforce's row number limit in "git p4".
+
+ * Unlike "$EDITOR" and "$GIT_EDITOR" that can hold the path to the
+ command and initial options (e.g. "/path/to/emacs -nw"), 'git p4'
+ did not let the shell interpolate the contents of the environment
+ variable that name the editor "$P4EDITOR" (and "$EDITOR", too).
+ This release makes it in line with the rest of Git, as well as with
+ Perforce.
+
+ * A new short-hand <branch>@{push} denotes the remote-tracking branch
+ that tracks the branch at the remote the <branch> would be pushed
+ to.
+
+ * "git show-branch --topics HEAD" (with no other arguments) did not
+ do anything interesting. Instead, contrast the given revision
+ against all the local branches by default.
+
+ * A replacement for contrib/workdir/git-new-workdir that does not
+ rely on symbolic links and make sharing of objects and refs safer
+ by making the borrowee and borrowers aware of each other.
+
+ Consider this as still an experimental feature; the UI will likely
+ to change.
+
+ * Tweak the sample "store" backend of the credential helper to honor
+ XDG configuration file locations when specified.
+
+ * A heuristic we use to catch mistyped paths on the command line
+ "git <cmd> <revs> <pathspec>" is to make sure that all the non-rev
+ parameters in the later part of the command line are names of the
+ files in the working tree, but that means "git grep $str -- \*.c"
+ must always be disambiguated with "--", because nobody sane will
+ create a file whose name literally is asterisk-dot-see. Loosen the
+ heuristic to declare that with a wildcard string the user likely
+ meant to give us a pathspec.
+
+ * "git merge FETCH_HEAD" learned that the previous "git fetch" could
+ be to create an Octopus merge, i.e. recording multiple branches
+ that are not marked as "not-for-merge"; this allows us to lose an
+ old style invocation "git merge <msg> HEAD $commits..." in the
+ implementation of "git pull" script; the old style syntax can now
+ be deprecated (but not removed yet).
+
+ * Filter scripts were run with SIGPIPE disabled on the Git side,
+ expecting that they may not read what Git feeds them to filter.
+ We however treated a filter that does not read its input fully
+ before exiting as an error. We no longer do and ignore EPIPE
+ when writing to feed the filter scripts.
+
+ This changes semantics, but arguably in a good way. If a filter
+ can produce its output without fully consuming its input using
+ whatever magic, we now let it do so, instead of diagnosing it
+ as a programming error.
+
+ * Instead of dying immediately upon failing to obtain a lock, the
+ locking (of refs etc) retries after a short while with backoff.
+
+ * Introduce http.<url>.SSLCipherList configuration variable to tweak
+ the list of cipher suite to be used with libcURL when talking with
+ https:// sites.
+
+ * "git subtree" script (in contrib/) used "echo -n" to produce
+ progress messages in a non-portable way.
+
+ * "git subtree" script (in contrib/) does not have --squash option
+ when pushing, but the documentation and help text pretended as if
+ it did.
+
+ * The Git subcommand completion (in contrib/) no longer lists credential
+ helpers among candidates; they are not something the end user would
+ invoke interactively.
+
+ * The index file can be taught with "update-index --untracked-cache"
+ to optionally remember already seen untracked files, in order to
+ speed up "git status" in a working tree with tons of cruft.
+
+ * "git mergetool" learned to drive WinMerge as a backend.
+
+ * "git upload-pack" that serves "git fetch" can be told to serve
+ commits that are not at the tip of any ref, as long as they are
+ reachable from a ref, with uploadpack.allowReachableSHA1InWant
+ configuration variable.
+
+ * "git cat-file --batch(-check)" learned the "--follow-symlinks"
+ option that follows an in-tree symbolic link when asked about an
+ object via extended SHA-1 syntax, e.g. HEAD:RelNotes that points at
+ Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt. With the new option, the command
+ behaves as if HEAD:Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt was given as
+ input instead.
+
+ Consider this as still an experimental and incomplete feature:
+
+ - We may want to do the same for in-index objects, e.g.
+ asking for :RelNotes with this option should give
+ :Documentation/RelNotes/2.5.0.txt, too
+
+ - "git cat-file --follow-symlinks blob HEAD:RelNotes"
+ may also be something we want to allow in the future.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned the alias file format used by the sendmail
+ program (in a simplified form; we obviously do not feed pipes).
+
+ * "git am" learned am.threeWay configuration variable.
+
+ * Traditionally, external low-level 3-way merge drivers are expected
+ to produce their results based solely on the contents of the three
+ variants given in temporary files named by %O, %A and %B on their
+ command line. Additionally allow them to look at the final path
+ (given by %P).
+
+ * "git blame" learned blame.showEmail configuration variable.
+
+ * "git apply" cannot diagnose a patch corruption when the breakage is
+ to mark the length of the hunk shorter than it really is on the
+ hunk header line "@@ -l,k +m,n @@"; one special case it could is
+ when the hunk becomes no-op (e.g. k == n == 2 for two-line context
+ patch output), and it learned to do so in this special case.
+
+ * Add the "--allow-unknown-type" option to "cat-file" to allow
+ inspecting loose objects of an experimental or a broken type.
+
+ * Many long-running operations show progress eye-candy, even when
+ they are later backgrounded. Hide the eye-candy when the process
+ is sent to the background instead.
+ (merge 9a9a41d lm/squelch-bg-progress later to maint).
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * "unsigned char [20]" used throughout the code to represent object
+ names are being converted into a semi-opaque "struct object_id".
+ This effort is expected to interfere with other topics in flight,
+ but hopefully will give us one extra level of abstraction in the
+ end, when completed.
+
+ * for_each_ref() callback functions were taught to name the objects
+ not with "unsigned char sha1[20]" but with "struct object_id".
+
+ * Catch a programmer mistake to feed a pointer not an array to
+ ARRAY_SIZE() macro, by using a couple of GCC extensions.
+
+ * Some error messages in "git config" were emitted without calling
+ the usual error() facility.
+
+ * When "add--interactive" splits a hunk into two overlapping hunks
+ and then let the user choose only one, it sometimes feeds an
+ incorrect patch text to "git apply". Add tests to demonstrate
+ this.
+
+ I have a slight suspicion that this may be $gmane/87202 coming back
+ and biting us (I seem to have said "let's run with this and see
+ what happens" back then).
+
+ * More line-ending tests.
+
+ * An earlier rewrite to use strbuf_getwholeline() instead of fgets(3)
+ to read packed-refs file revealed that the former is unacceptably
+ inefficient. It has been optimized by using getdelim(3) when
+ available.
+
+ * The refs API uses ref_lock struct which had its own "int fd", even
+ though the same file descriptor was in the lock struct it contains.
+ Clean-up the code to lose this redundant field.
+
+ * There was a dead code that used to handle "git pull --tags" and
+ show special-cased error message, which was made irrelevant when
+ the semantics of the option changed back in Git 1.9 days.
+ (merge 19d122b pt/pull-tags-error-diag later to maint).
+
+ * Help us to find broken test script that splits the body part of the
+ test by mistaken use of wrong kind of quotes.
+ (merge d93d5d5 jc/test-prereq-validate later to maint).
+
+ * Developer support to automatically detect broken &&-chain in the
+ test scripts is now turned on by default.
+ (merge 92b269f jk/test-chain-lint later to maint).
+
+ * Error reporting mechanism used in "refs" API has been made more
+ consistent.
+
+ * "git pull" has more test coverage now.
+
+ * "git pull" has become more aware of the options meant for
+ underlying "git fetch" and then learned to use parse-options
+ parser.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.4
+----------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.4 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
+notes for details).
+
+ * Git 2.4 broke setting verbosity and progress levels on "git clone"
+ with native transports.
+ (merge 822f0c4 mh/clone-verbosity-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git add -e" did not allow the user to abort the operation by
+ killing the editor.
+ (merge cb64800 jk/add-e-kill-editor later to maint).
+
+ * Memory usage of "git index-pack" has been trimmed by tens of
+ per-cent.
+ (merge a78c5b3 nd/slim-index-pack-memory-usage later to maint).
+
+ * "git rev-list --objects $old --not --all" to see if everything that
+ is reachable from $old is already connected to the existing refs
+ was very inefficient.
+ (merge b6e8a3b jk/still-interesting later to maint).
+
+ * "hash-object --literally" introduced in v2.2 was not prepared to
+ take a really long object type name.
+ (merge 1427a7f jc/hash-object later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase --quiet" was not quite quiet when there is nothing to
+ do.
+ (merge 22946a9 jk/rebase-quiet-noop later to maint).
+
+ * The completion for "log --decorate=" parameter value was incorrect.
+ (merge af16bda sg/complete-decorate-full-not-long later to maint).
+
+ * "filter-branch" corrupted commit log message that ends with an
+ incomplete line on platforms with some "sed" implementations that
+ munge such a line. Work it around by avoiding to use "sed".
+ (merge df06201 jk/filter-branch-use-of-sed-on-incomplete-line later to maint).
+
+ * "git daemon" fails to build from the source under NO_IPV6
+ configuration (regression in 2.4).
+ (merge d358f77 jc/daemon-no-ipv6-for-2.4.1 later to maint).
+
+ * Some time ago, "git blame" (incorrectly) lost the convert_to_git()
+ call when synthesizing a fake "tip" commit that represents the
+ state in the working tree, which broke folks who record the history
+ with LF line ending to make their project portable across platforms
+ while terminating lines in their working tree files with CRLF for
+ their platform.
+ (merge 4bf256d tb/blame-resurrect-convert-to-git later to maint).
+
+ * We avoid setting core.worktree when the repository location is the
+ ".git" directory directly at the top level of the working tree, but
+ the code misdetected the case in which the working tree is at the
+ root level of the filesystem (which arguably is a silly thing to
+ do, but still valid).
+ (merge 84ccad8 jk/init-core-worktree-at-root later to maint).
+
+ * "git commit --date=now" or anything that relies on approxidate lost
+ the daylight-saving-time offset.
+ (merge f6e6362 jc/epochtime-wo-tz later to maint).
+
+ * Access to objects in repositories that borrow from another one on a
+ slow NFS server unnecessarily got more expensive due to recent code
+ becoming more cautious in a naive way not to lose objects to pruning.
+ (merge ee1c6c3 jk/prune-mtime later to maint).
+
+ * The codepaths that read .gitignore and .gitattributes files have been
+ taught that these files encoded in UTF-8 may have UTF-8 BOM marker at
+ the beginning; this makes it in line with what we do for configuration
+ files already.
+ (merge 27547e5 cn/bom-in-gitignore later to maint).
+
+ * a few helper scripts in the test suite did not report errors
+ correctly.
+ (merge de248e9 ep/fix-test-lib-functions-report later to maint).
+
+ * The default $HOME/.gitconfig file created upon "git config --global"
+ that edits it had incorrectly spelled user.name and user.email
+ entries in it.
+ (merge 7e11052 oh/fix-config-default-user-name-section later to maint).
+
+ * "git cat-file bl $blob" failed to barf even though there is no
+ object type that is "bl".
+ (merge b7994af jk/type-from-string-gently later to maint).
+
+ * The usual "git diff" when seeing a file turning into a directory
+ showed a patchset to remove the file and create all files in the
+ directory, but "git diff --no-index" simply refused to work. Also,
+ when asked to compare a file and a directory, imitate POSIX "diff"
+ and compare the file with the file with the same name in the
+ directory, instead of refusing to run.
+ (merge 0615173 jc/diff-no-index-d-f later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase -i" moved the "current" command from "todo" to "done" a
+ bit too prematurely, losing a step when a "pick" did not even start.
+ (merge 8cbc57c ph/rebase-i-redo later to maint).
+
+ * The connection initiation code for "ssh" transport tried to absorb
+ differences between the stock "ssh" and Putty-supplied "plink" and
+ its derivatives, but the logic to tell that we are using "plink"
+ variants were too loose and falsely triggered when "plink" appeared
+ anywhere in the path (e.g. "/home/me/bin/uplink/ssh").
+ (merge baaf233 bc/connect-plink later to maint).
+
+ * We have prepended $GIT_EXEC_PATH and the path "git" is installed in
+ (typically "/usr/bin") to $PATH when invoking subprograms and hooks
+ for almost eternity, but the original use case the latter tried to
+ support was semi-bogus (i.e. install git to /opt/foo/git and run it
+ without having /opt/foo on $PATH), and more importantly it has
+ become less and less relevant as Git grew more mainstream (i.e. the
+ users would _want_ to have it on their $PATH). Stop prepending the
+ path in which "git" is installed to users' $PATH, as that would
+ interfere the command search order people depend on (e.g. they may
+ not like versions of programs that are unrelated to Git in /usr/bin
+ and want to override them by having different ones in /usr/local/bin
+ and have the latter directory earlier in their $PATH).
+ (merge a0b4507 jk/git-no-more-argv0-path-munging later to maint).
+
+ * core.excludesfile (defaulting to $XDG_HOME/git/ignore) is supposed
+ to be overridden by repository-specific .git/info/exclude file, but
+ the order was swapped from the beginning. This belatedly fixes it.
+ (merge 099d2d8 jc/gitignore-precedence later to maint).
+
+ * After "git add -N", the path appeared in output of "git diff HEAD"
+ and "git diff --cached HEAD", leading "git status" to classify it
+ as "Changes to be committed". Such a path, however, is not yet to
+ be scheduled to be committed. "git diff" showed the change to the
+ path as modification, not as a "new file", in the header of its
+ output.
+
+ Treat such paths as "yet to be added to the index but Git already
+ know about them"; "git diff HEAD" and "git diff --cached HEAD"
+ should not talk about them, and "git diff" should show them as new
+ files yet to be added to the index.
+ (merge d95d728 nd/diff-i-t-a later to maint).
+
+ * There was a commented-out (instead of being marked to expect
+ failure) test that documented a breakage that was fixed since the
+ test was written; turn it into a proper test.
+ (merge 66d2e04 sb/t1020-cleanup later to maint).
+
+ * The "log --decorate" enhancement in Git 2.4 that shows the commit
+ at the tip of the current branch e.g. "HEAD -> master", did not
+ work with --decorate=full.
+ (merge 429ad20 mg/log-decorate-HEAD later to maint).
+
+ * The ref API did not handle cases where 'refs/heads/xyzzy/frotz' is
+ removed at the same time as 'refs/heads/xyzzy' is added (or vice
+ versa) very well.
+ (merge c628edf mh/ref-directory-file later to maint).
+
+ * Multi-ref transaction support we merged a few releases ago
+ unnecessarily kept many file descriptors open, risking to fail with
+ resource exhaustion. This is for 2.4.x track.
+ (merge 185ce3a mh/write-refs-sooner-2.4 later to maint).
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not diagnose extra parameters on the
+ command line.
+ (merge 7886cfa ps/bundle-verify-arg later to maint).
+
+ * Various documentation mark-up fixes to make the output more
+ consistent in general and also make AsciiDoctor (an alternative
+ formatter) happier.
+ (merge d0258b9 jk/asciidoc-markup-fix later to maint).
+ (merge ad3967a jk/stripspace-asciidoctor-fix later to maint).
+ (merge 975e382 ja/tutorial-asciidoctor-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The code to read pack-bitmap wanted to allocate a few hundred
+ pointers to a structure, but by mistake allocated and leaked memory
+ enough to hold that many actual structures. Correct the allocation
+ size and also have it on stack, as it is small enough.
+ (merge 599dc76 rs/plug-leak-in-pack-bitmaps later to maint).
+
+ * The pull.ff configuration was supposed to override the merge.ff
+ configuration, but it didn't.
+ (merge db9bb28 pt/pull-ff-vs-merge-ff later to maint).
+
+ * "git pull --log" and "git pull --no-log" worked as expected, but
+ "git pull --log=20" did not.
+ (merge 5061a44 pt/pull-log-n later to maint).
+
+ * "git rerere forget" in a repository without rerere enabled gave a
+ cryptic error message; it should be a silent no-op instead.
+ (merge 0544574 jk/rerere-forget-check-enabled later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase -i" fired post-rewrite hook when it shouldn't (namely,
+ when it was told to stop sequencing with 'exec' insn).
+ (merge 141ff8f mm/rebase-i-post-rewrite-exec later to maint).
+
+ * Clarify that "log --raw" and "log --format=raw" are unrelated
+ concepts.
+ (merge 92de921 mm/log-format-raw-doc later to maint).
+
+ * Make "git stash something --help" error out, so that users can
+ safely say "git stash drop --help".
+ (merge 5ba2831 jk/stash-options later to maint).
+
+ * The clean/smudge interface did not work well when filtering an
+ empty contents (failed and then passed the empty input through).
+ It can be argued that a filter that produces anything but empty for
+ an empty input is nonsense, but if the user wants to do strange
+ things, then why not?
+ (merge f6a1e1e jh/filter-empty-contents later to maint).
+
+ * Communication between the HTTP server and http_backend process can
+ lead to a dead-lock when relaying a large ref negotiation request.
+ Diagnose the situation better, and mitigate it by reading such a
+ request first into core (to a reasonable limit).
+ (merge 636614f jk/http-backend-deadlock later to maint).
+
+ * "git clean pathspec..." tried to lstat(2) and complain even for
+ paths outside the given pathspec.
+ (merge 838d6a9 dt/clean-pathspec-filter-then-lstat later to maint).
+
+ * Recent "git prune" traverses young unreachable objects to safekeep
+ old objects in the reachability chain from them, which sometimes
+ caused error messages that are unnecessarily alarming.
+ (merge ce4e7b2 jk/squelch-missing-link-warning-for-unreachable later to maint).
+
+ * The configuration reader/writer uses mmap(2) interface to access
+ the files; when we find a directory, it barfed with "Out of memory?".
+ (merge 9ca0aaf jk/diagnose-config-mmap-failure later to maint).
+
+ * "color.diff.plain" was a misnomer; give it 'color.diff.context' as
+ a more logical synonym.
+ (merge 8dbf3eb jk/color-diff-plain-is-context later to maint).
+
+ * The setup code used to die when core.bare and core.worktree are set
+ inconsistently, even for commands that do not need working tree.
+ (merge fada767 jk/die-on-bogus-worktree-late later to maint).
+
+ * Recent Mac OS X updates breaks the logic to detect that the machine
+ is on the AC power in the sample pre-auto-gc script.
+ (merge c54c7b3 pa/auto-gc-mac-osx later to maint).
+
+ * "git commit --cleanup=scissors" was not careful enough to protect
+ against getting fooled by a line that looked like scissors.
+ (merge fbfa097 sg/commit-cleanup-scissors later to maint).
+
+ * "Have we lost a race with competing repack?" check was too
+ expensive, especially while receiving a huge object transfer
+ that runs index-pack (e.g. "clone" or "fetch").
+ (merge 0eeb077 jk/index-pack-reduce-recheck later to maint).
+
+ * The tcsh completion writes a bash scriptlet but that would have
+ failed for users with noclobber set.
+ (merge 0b1f688 af/tcsh-completion-noclobber later to maint).
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" reported "missing object" for 0{40} when it
+ encounters a broken ref. The lack of object whose name is 0{40} is
+ not the problem; the ref being broken is.
+ (merge 501cf47 mh/reporting-broken-refs-from-for-each-ref later to maint).
+
+ * Various fixes around "git am" that applies a patch to a history
+ that is not there yet.
+ (merge 6ea3b67 pt/am-abort-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git fsck" used to ignore missing or invalid objects recorded in reflog.
+ (merge 19bf6c9 mh/fsck-reflog-entries later to maint).
+
+ * "git format-patch --ignore-if-upstream A..B" did not like to be fed
+ tags as boundary commits.
+ (merge 9b7a61d jc/do-not-feed-tags-to-clear-commit-marks later to maint).
+
+ * Code cleanups and documentation updates.
+ (merge 0269f96 mm/usage-log-l-can-take-regex later to maint).
+ (merge 64f2589 nd/t1509-chroot-test later to maint).
+ (merge d201a1e sb/test-bitmap-free-at-end later to maint).
+ (merge 05bfc7d sb/line-log-plug-pairdiff-leak later to maint).
+ (merge 846e5df pt/xdg-config-path later to maint).
+ (merge 1154aa4 jc/plug-fmt-merge-msg-leak later to maint).
+ (merge 319b678 jk/sha1-file-reduce-useless-warnings later to maint).
+ (merge 9a35c14 fg/document-commit-message-stripping later to maint).
+ (merge bbf431c ps/doc-packfile-vs-pack-file later to maint).
+ (merge 309a9e3 jk/skip-http-tests-under-no-curl later to maint).
+ (merge ccd593c dl/branch-error-message later to maint).
+ (merge 22570b6 rs/janitorial later to maint).
+ (merge 5c2a581 mc/commit-doc-grammofix later to maint).
+ (merge ce41720 ah/usage-strings later to maint).
+ (merge e6a268c sb/glossary-submodule later to maint).
+ (merge ec48a76 sb/submodule-doc-intro later to maint).
+ (merge 14f8b9b jk/clone-dissociate later to maint).
+ (merge 055c7e9 sb/pack-protocol-mention-smart-http later to maint).
+ (merge 7c37a5d jk/make-fix-dependencies later to maint).
+ (merge fc0aa39 sg/merge-summary-config later to maint).
+ (merge 329af6c pt/t0302-needs-sanity later to maint).
+ (merge d614f07 fk/doc-format-patch-vn later to maint).
+ (merge 72dbb36 sg/completion-commit-cleanup later to maint).
+ (merge e654eb2 es/utf8-stupid-compiler-workaround later to maint).
+ (merge 34b935c es/osx-header-pollutes-mask-macro later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index e6d46ed..98fc4cc 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -57,7 +57,8 @@ change, the approach taken by the change, and if relevant how this
differs substantially from the prior version, are all good things
to have.
-Make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing.
+Make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing. See
+t/README for guidance.
When adding a new feature, make sure that you have new tests to show
the feature triggers the new behaviour when it should, and to show the
@@ -135,6 +136,11 @@ that is fine, but please mark it as such.
(4) Sending your patches.
+Learn to use format-patch and send-email if possible. These commands
+are optimized for the workflow of sending patches, avoiding many ways
+your existing e-mail client that is optimized for "multipart/*" mime
+type e-mails to corrupt and render your patches unusable.
+
People on the Git mailing list need to be able to read and
comment on the changes you are submitting. It is important for
a developer to be able to "quote" your changes, using standard
@@ -175,8 +181,11 @@ message starts, you can put a "From: " line to name that person.
You often want to add additional explanation about the patch,
other than the commit message itself. Place such "cover letter"
-material between the three dash lines and the diffstat. Git-notes
-can also be inserted using the `--notes` option.
+material between the three-dash line and the diffstat. For
+patches requiring multiple iterations of review and discussion,
+an explanation of changes between each iteration can be kept in
+Git-notes and inserted automatically following the three-dash
+line via `git format-patch --notes`.
Do not attach the patch as a MIME attachment, compressed or not.
Do not let your e-mail client send quoted-printable. Do not let
@@ -254,15 +263,15 @@ pretty simple: if you can certify the below:
person who certified (a), (b) or (c) and I have not modified
it.
- (d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
- are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
- personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
- maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
- this project or the open source license(s) involved.
+ (d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
+ are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
+ personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
+ maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
+ this project or the open source license(s) involved.
then you just add a line saying
- Signed-off-by: Random J Developer <random@developer.example.org>
+ Signed-off-by: Random J Developer <random@developer.example.org>
This line can be automatically added by Git if you run the git-commit
command with the -s option.
@@ -337,7 +346,7 @@ suggests to the contributors:
spend their time to improve your patch. Go back to step (2).
(4) The list forms consensus that the last round of your patch is
- good. Send it to the list and cc the maintainer.
+ good. Send it to the maintainer and cc the list.
(5) A topic branch is created with the patch and is merged to 'next',
and cooked further and eventually graduates to 'master'.
diff --git a/Documentation/blame-options.txt b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
index 0cebc4f..a09969b 100644
--- a/Documentation/blame-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
@@ -4,13 +4,13 @@
--root::
Do not treat root commits as boundaries. This can also be
- controlled via the `blame.showroot` config option.
+ controlled via the `blame.showRoot` config option.
--show-stats::
Include additional statistics at the end of blame output.
-L <start>,<end>::
--L :<regex>::
+-L :<funcname>::
Annotate only the given line range. May be specified multiple times.
Overlapping ranges are allowed.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/cmd-list.perl b/Documentation/cmd-list.perl
index 04f9977..5aa73cf 100755
--- a/Documentation/cmd-list.perl
+++ b/Documentation/cmd-list.perl
@@ -38,6 +38,10 @@ sub format_one {
}
}
+while (<>) {
+ last if /^### command list/;
+}
+
my %cmds = ();
for (sort <>) {
next if /^#/;
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index 0c32597..3e37b93 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,8 @@ the fully qualified variable name of the variable itself is the last
dot-separated segment and the section name is everything before the last
dot. The variable names are case-insensitive, allow only alphanumeric
characters and `-`, and must start with an alphabetic character. Some
-variables may appear multiple times.
+variables may appear multiple times; we say then that the variable is
+multivalued.
Syntax
~~~~~~
@@ -25,7 +26,7 @@ blank lines are ignored.
The file consists of sections and variables. A section begins with
the name of the section in square brackets and continues until the next
-section begins. Section names are not case sensitive. Only alphanumeric
+section begins. Section names are case-insensitive. Only alphanumeric
characters, `-` and `.` are allowed in section names. Each variable
must belong to some section, which means that there must be a section
header before the first setting of a variable.
@@ -40,8 +41,8 @@ in the section header, like in the example below:
--------
Subsection names are case sensitive and can contain any characters except
-newline (doublequote `"` and backslash have to be escaped as `\"` and `\\`,
-respectively). Section headers cannot span multiple
+newline (doublequote `"` and backslash can be included by escaping them
+as `\"` and `\\`, respectively). Section headers cannot span multiple
lines. Variables may belong directly to a section or to a given subsection.
You can have `[section]` if you have `[section "subsection"]`, but you
don't need to.
@@ -53,38 +54,27 @@ restrictions as section names.
All the other lines (and the remainder of the line after the section
header) are recognized as setting variables, in the form
-'name = value'. If there is no equal sign on the line, the entire line
-is taken as 'name' and the variable is recognized as boolean "true".
+'name = value' (or just 'name', which is a short-hand to say that
+the variable is the boolean "true").
The variable names are case-insensitive, allow only alphanumeric characters
-and `-`, and must start with an alphabetic character. There can be more
-than one value for a given variable; we say then that the variable is
-multivalued.
+and `-`, and must start with an alphabetic character.
-Leading and trailing whitespace in a variable value is discarded.
-Internal whitespace within a variable value is retained verbatim.
+A line that defines a value can be continued to the next line by
+ending it with a `\`; the backquote and the end-of-line are
+stripped. Leading whitespaces after 'name =', the remainder of the
+line after the first comment character '#' or ';', and trailing
+whitespaces of the line are discarded unless they are enclosed in
+double quotes. Internal whitespaces within the value are retained
+verbatim.
-The values following the equals sign in variable assign are all either
-a string, an integer, or a boolean. Boolean values may be given as yes/no,
-1/0, true/false or on/off. Case is not significant in boolean values, when
-converting value to the canonical form using '--bool' type specifier;
-'git config' will ensure that the output is "true" or "false".
-
-String values may be entirely or partially enclosed in double quotes.
-You need to enclose variable values in double quotes if you want to
-preserve leading or trailing whitespace, or if the variable value contains
-comment characters (i.e. it contains '#' or ';').
-Double quote `"` and backslash `\` characters in variable values must
-be escaped: use `\"` for `"` and `\\` for `\`.
+Inside double quotes, double quote `"` and backslash `\` characters
+must be escaped: use `\"` for `"` and `\\` for `\`.
The following escape sequences (beside `\"` and `\\`) are recognized:
`\n` for newline character (NL), `\t` for horizontal tabulation (HT, TAB)
and `\b` for backspace (BS). Other char escape sequences (including octal
escape sequences) are invalid.
-Variable values ending in a `\` are continued on the next line in the
-customary UNIX fashion.
-
-Some variables may require a special value format.
Includes
~~~~~~~~
@@ -126,6 +116,60 @@ Example
path = foo ; expand "foo" relative to the current file
path = ~/foo ; expand "foo" in your $HOME directory
+
+Values
+~~~~~~
+
+Values of many variables are treated as a simple string, but there
+are variables that take values of specific types and there are rules
+as to how to spell them.
+
+boolean::
+
+ When a variable is said to take a boolean value, many
+ synonyms are accepted for 'true' and 'false'; these are all
+ case-insensitive.
+
+ true;; Boolean true can be spelled as `yes`, `on`, `true`,
+ or `1`. Also, a variable defined without `= <value>`
+ is taken as true.
+
+ false;; Boolean false can be spelled as `no`, `off`,
+ `false`, or `0`.
++
+When converting value to the canonical form using '--bool' type
+specifier; 'git config' will ensure that the output is "true" or
+"false" (spelled in lowercase).
+
+integer::
+ The value for many variables that specify various sizes can
+ be suffixed with `k`, `M`,... to mean "scale the number by
+ 1024", "by 1024x1024", etc.
+
+color::
+ The value for a variables that takes a color is a list of
+ colors (at most two) and attributes (at most one), separated
+ by spaces. The colors accepted are `normal`, `black`,
+ `red`, `green`, `yellow`, `blue`, `magenta`, `cyan` and
+ `white`; the attributes are `bold`, `dim`, `ul`, `blink` and
+ `reverse`. The first color given is the foreground; the
+ second is the background. The position of the attribute, if
+ any, doesn't matter. Attributes may be turned off specifically
+ by prefixing them with `no` (e.g., `noreverse`, `noul`, etc).
++
+Colors (foreground and background) may also be given as numbers between
+0 and 255; these use ANSI 256-color mode (but note that not all
+terminals may support this). If your terminal supports it, you may also
+specify 24-bit RGB values as hex, like `#ff0ab3`.
++
+The attributes are meant to be reset at the beginning of each item
+in the colored output, so setting color.decorate.branch to `black`
+will paint that branch name in a plain `black`, even if the previous
+thing on the same output line (e.g. opening parenthesis before the
+list of branch names in `log --decorate` output) is set to be
+painted with `bold` or some other attribute.
+
+
Variables
~~~~~~~~~
@@ -204,15 +248,28 @@ advice.*::
--
core.fileMode::
- If false, the executable bit differences between the index and
- the working tree are ignored; useful on broken filesystems like FAT.
- See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
+ Tells Git if the executable bit of files in the working tree
+ is to be honored.
+
-The default is true, except linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1]
-will probe and set core.fileMode false if appropriate when the
-repository is created.
+Some filesystems lose the executable bit when a file that is
+marked as executable is checked out, or checks out an
+non-executable file with executable bit on.
+linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1] probe the filesystem
+to see if it handles the executable bit correctly
+and this variable is automatically set as necessary.
++
+A repository, however, may be on a filesystem that handles
+the filemode correctly, and this variable is set to 'true'
+when created, but later may be made accessible from another
+environment that loses the filemode (e.g. exporting ext4 via
+CIFS mount, visiting a Cygwin created repository with
+Git for Windows or Eclipse).
+In such a case it may be necessary to set this variable to 'false'.
+See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
++
+The default is true (when core.filemode is not specified in the config file).
-core.ignorecase::
+core.ignoreCase::
If true, this option enables various workarounds to enable
Git to work better on filesystems that are not case sensitive,
like FAT. For example, if a directory listing finds
@@ -221,12 +278,12 @@ core.ignorecase::
"Makefile".
+
The default is false, except linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1]
-will probe and set core.ignorecase true if appropriate when the repository
+will probe and set core.ignoreCase true if appropriate when the repository
is created.
-core.precomposeunicode::
+core.precomposeUnicode::
This option is only used by Mac OS implementation of Git.
- When core.precomposeunicode=true, Git reverts the unicode decomposition
+ When core.precomposeUnicode=true, Git reverts the unicode decomposition
of filenames done by Mac OS. This is useful when sharing a repository
between Mac OS and Linux or Windows.
(Git for Windows 1.7.10 or higher is needed, or Git under cygwin 1.7).
@@ -251,13 +308,13 @@ core.trustctime::
crawlers and some backup systems).
See linkgit:git-update-index[1]. True by default.
-core.checkstat::
+core.checkStat::
Determines which stat fields to match between the index
and work tree. The user can set this to 'default' or
'minimal'. Default (or explicitly 'default'), is to check
all fields, including the sub-second part of mtime and ctime.
-core.quotepath::
+core.quotePath::
The commands that output paths (e.g. 'ls-files',
'diff'), when not given the `-z` option, will quote
"unusual" characters in the pathname by enclosing the
@@ -362,14 +419,19 @@ This is useful for excluding servers inside a firewall from
proxy use, while defaulting to a common proxy for external domains.
core.ignoreStat::
- If true, commands which modify both the working tree and the index
- will mark the updated paths with the "assume unchanged" bit in the
- index. These marked files are then assumed to stay unchanged in the
- working tree, until you mark them otherwise manually - Git will not
- detect the file changes by lstat() calls. This is useful on systems
- where those are very slow, such as Microsoft Windows.
- See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
- False by default.
+ If true, Git will avoid using lstat() calls to detect if files have
+ changed by setting the "assume-unchanged" bit for those tracked files
+ which it has updated identically in both the index and working tree.
++
+When files are modified outside of Git, the user will need to stage
+the modified files explicitly (e.g. see 'Examples' section in
+linkgit:git-update-index[1]).
+Git will not normally detect changes to those files.
++
+This is useful on systems where lstat() calls are very slow, such as
+CIFS/Microsoft Windows.
++
+False by default.
core.preferSymlinkRefs::
Instead of the default "symref" format for HEAD
@@ -391,8 +453,10 @@ false), while all other repositories are assumed to be bare (bare
core.worktree::
Set the path to the root of the working tree.
+ If GIT_COMMON_DIR environment variable is set, core.worktree
+ is ignored and not used for determining the root of working tree.
This can be overridden by the GIT_WORK_TREE environment
- variable and the '--work-tree' command line option.
+ variable and the '--work-tree' command-line option.
The value can be an absolute path or relative to the path to
the .git directory, which is either specified by --git-dir
or GIT_DIR, or automatically discovered.
@@ -456,9 +520,9 @@ core.compression::
-1 is the zlib default. 0 means no compression,
and 1..9 are various speed/size tradeoffs, 9 being slowest.
If set, this provides a default to other compression variables,
- such as 'core.loosecompression' and 'pack.compression'.
+ such as 'core.looseCompression' and 'pack.compression'.
-core.loosecompression::
+core.looseCompression::
An integer -1..9, indicating the compression level for objects that
are not in a pack file. -1 is the zlib default. 0 means no
compression, and 1..9 are various speed/size tradeoffs, 9 being
@@ -500,7 +564,7 @@ core.deltaBaseCacheLimit::
to avoid unpacking and decompressing frequently used base
objects multiple times.
+
-Default is 16 MiB on all platforms. This should be reasonable
+Default is 96 MiB on all platforms. This should be reasonable
for all users/operating systems, except on the largest projects.
You probably do not need to adjust this value.
+
@@ -510,7 +574,8 @@ core.bigFileThreshold::
Files larger than this size are stored deflated, without
attempting delta compression. Storing large files without
delta compression avoids excessive memory usage, at the
- slight expense of increased disk usage.
+ slight expense of increased disk usage. Additionally files
+ larger than this size are always treated as binary.
+
Default is 512 MiB on all platforms. This should be reasonable
for most projects as source code and other text files can still
@@ -518,7 +583,7 @@ be delta compressed, but larger binary media files won't be.
+
Common unit suffixes of 'k', 'm', or 'g' are supported.
-core.excludesfile::
+core.excludesFile::
In addition to '.gitignore' (per-directory) and
'.git/info/exclude', Git looks into this file for patterns
of files which are not meant to be tracked. "`~/`" is expanded
@@ -527,20 +592,20 @@ core.excludesfile::
If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/ignore
is used instead. See linkgit:gitignore[5].
-core.askpass::
+core.askPass::
Some commands (e.g. svn and http interfaces) that interactively
ask for a password can be told to use an external program given
via the value of this variable. Can be overridden by the 'GIT_ASKPASS'
environment variable. If not set, fall back to the value of the
'SSH_ASKPASS' environment variable or, failing that, a simple password
prompt. The external program shall be given a suitable prompt as
- command line argument and write the password on its STDOUT.
+ command-line argument and write the password on its STDOUT.
-core.attributesfile::
+core.attributesFile::
In addition to '.gitattributes' (per-directory) and
'.git/info/attributes', Git looks into this file for attributes
(see linkgit:gitattributes[5]). Path expansions are made the same
- way as for `core.excludesfile`. Its default value is
+ way as for `core.excludesFile`. Its default value is
$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/attributes. If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not
set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/attributes is used instead.
@@ -550,11 +615,20 @@ core.editor::
variable when it is set, and the environment variable
`GIT_EDITOR` is not set. See linkgit:git-var[1].
-core.commentchar::
+core.commentChar::
Commands such as `commit` and `tag` that lets you edit
messages consider a line that begins with this character
commented, and removes them after the editor returns
(default '#').
++
+If set to "auto", `git-commit` would select a character that is not
+the beginning character of any line in existing commit messages.
+
+core.packedRefsTimeout::
+ The length of time, in milliseconds, to retry when trying to
+ lock the `packed-refs` file. Value 0 means not to retry at
+ all; -1 means to try indefinitely. Default is 1000 (i.e.,
+ retry for 1 second).
sequence.editor::
Text editor used by `git rebase -i` for editing the rebase instruction file.
@@ -569,14 +643,19 @@ core.pager::
configuration, then `$PAGER`, and then the default chosen at
compile time (usually 'less').
+
-When the `LESS` environment variable is unset, Git sets it to `FRSX`
+When the `LESS` environment variable is unset, Git sets it to `FRX`
(if `LESS` environment variable is set, Git does not change it at
all). If you want to selectively override Git's default setting
-for `LESS`, you can set `core.pager` to e.g. `less -+S`. This will
+for `LESS`, you can set `core.pager` to e.g. `less -S`. This will
be passed to the shell by Git, which will translate the final
-command to `LESS=FRSX less -+S`. The environment tells the command
-to set the `S` option to chop long lines but the command line
-resets it to the default to fold long lines.
+command to `LESS=FRX less -S`. The environment does not set the
+`S` option but the command line does, instructing less to truncate
+long lines. Similarly, setting `core.pager` to `less -+F` will
+deactivate the `F` option specified by the environment from the
+command-line, deactivating the "quit if one screen" behavior of
+`less`. One can specifically activate some flags for particular
+commands: for example, setting `pager.blame` to `less -S` enables
+line truncation only for `git blame`.
+
Likewise, when the `LV` environment variable is unset, Git sets it
to `-c`. You can override this setting by exporting `LV` with
@@ -611,7 +690,7 @@ core.whitespace::
is relevant for `indent-with-non-tab` and when Git fixes `tab-in-indent`
errors. The default tab width is 8. Allowed values are 1 to 63.
-core.fsyncobjectfiles::
+core.fsyncObjectFiles::
This boolean will enable 'fsync()' when writing object files.
+
This is a total waste of time and effort on a filesystem that orders
@@ -619,14 +698,14 @@ data writes properly, but can be useful for filesystems that do not use
journalling (traditional UNIX filesystems) or that only journal metadata
and not file contents (OS X's HFS+, or Linux ext3 with "data=writeback").
-core.preloadindex::
+core.preloadIndex::
Enable parallel index preload for operations like 'git diff'
+
This can speed up operations like 'git diff' and 'git status' especially
on filesystems like NFS that have weak caching semantics and thus
-relatively high IO latencies. With this set to 'true', Git will do the
+relatively high IO latencies. When enabled, Git will do the
index comparison to the filesystem data in parallel, allowing
-overlapping IO's.
+overlapping IO's. Defaults to true.
core.createObject::
You can set this to 'link', in which case a hardlink followed by
@@ -656,14 +735,13 @@ core.abbrev::
for abbreviated object names to stay unique for sufficiently long
time.
-add.ignore-errors::
add.ignoreErrors::
+add.ignore-errors (deprecated)::
Tells 'git add' to continue adding files when some files cannot be
added due to indexing errors. Equivalent to the '--ignore-errors'
- option of linkgit:git-add[1]. Older versions of Git accept only
- `add.ignore-errors`, which does not follow the usual naming
- convention for configuration variables. Newer versions of Git
- honor `add.ignoreErrors` as well.
+ option of linkgit:git-add[1]. `add.ignore-errors` is deprecated,
+ as it does not follow the usual naming convention for configuration
+ variables.
alias.*::
Command aliases for the linkgit:git[1] command wrapper - e.g.
@@ -672,7 +750,7 @@ alias.*::
confusion and troubles with script usage, aliases that
hide existing Git commands are ignored. Arguments are split by
spaces, the usual shell quoting and escaping is supported.
- quote pair and a backslash can be used to quote them.
+ A quote pair or a backslash can be used to quote them.
+
If the alias expansion is prefixed with an exclamation point,
it will be treated as a shell command. For example, defining
@@ -691,7 +769,15 @@ am.keepcr::
by giving '--no-keep-cr' from the command line.
See linkgit:git-am[1], linkgit:git-mailsplit[1].
-apply.ignorewhitespace::
+am.threeWay::
+ By default, `git am` will fail if the patch does not apply cleanly. When
+ set to true, this setting tells `git am` to fall back on 3-way merge if
+ the patch records the identity of blobs it is supposed to apply to and
+ we have those blobs available locally (equivalent to giving the `--3way`
+ option from the command line). Defaults to `false`.
+ See linkgit:git-am[1].
+
+apply.ignoreWhitespace::
When set to 'change', tells 'git apply' to ignore changes in
whitespace, in the same way as the '--ignore-space-change'
option.
@@ -703,7 +789,7 @@ apply.whitespace::
Tells 'git apply' how to handle whitespaces, in the same way
as the '--whitespace' option. See linkgit:git-apply[1].
-branch.autosetupmerge::
+branch.autoSetupMerge::
Tells 'git branch' and 'git checkout' to set up new branches
so that linkgit:git-pull[1] will appropriately merge from the
starting point branch. Note that even if this option is not set,
@@ -715,7 +801,7 @@ branch.autosetupmerge::
local branch or remote-tracking
branch. This option defaults to true.
-branch.autosetuprebase::
+branch.autoSetupRebase::
When a new branch is created with 'git branch' or 'git checkout'
that tracks another branch, this variable tells Git to set
up pull to rebase instead of merge (see "branch.<name>.rebase").
@@ -726,27 +812,27 @@ branch.autosetuprebase::
remote-tracking branches.
When `always`, rebase will be set to true for all tracking
branches.
- See "branch.autosetupmerge" for details on how to set up a
+ See "branch.autoSetupMerge" for details on how to set up a
branch to track another branch.
This option defaults to never.
branch.<name>.remote::
When on branch <name>, it tells 'git fetch' and 'git push'
which remote to fetch from/push to. The remote to push to
- may be overridden with `remote.pushdefault` (for all branches).
+ may be overridden with `remote.pushDefault` (for all branches).
The remote to push to, for the current branch, may be further
- overridden by `branch.<name>.pushremote`. If no remote is
+ overridden by `branch.<name>.pushRemote`. If no remote is
configured, or if you are not on any branch, it defaults to
- `origin` for fetching and `remote.pushdefault` for pushing.
+ `origin` for fetching and `remote.pushDefault` for pushing.
Additionally, `.` (a period) is the current local repository
(a dot-repository), see `branch.<name>.merge`'s final note below.
-branch.<name>.pushremote::
+branch.<name>.pushRemote::
When on branch <name>, it overrides `branch.<name>.remote` for
- pushing. It also overrides `remote.pushdefault` for pushing
+ pushing. It also overrides `remote.pushDefault` for pushing
from branch <name>. When you pull from one place (e.g. your
upstream) and push to another place (e.g. your own publishing
- repository), you would want to set `remote.pushdefault` to
+ repository), you would want to set `remote.pushDefault` to
specify the remote to push to for all branches, and use this
option to override it for a specific branch.
@@ -768,7 +854,7 @@ branch.<name>.merge::
branch.<name>.merge to the desired branch, and use the relative path
setting `.` (a period) for branch.<name>.remote.
-branch.<name>.mergeoptions::
+branch.<name>.mergeOptions::
Sets default options for merging into branch <name>. The syntax and
supported options are the same as those of linkgit:git-merge[1], but
option values containing whitespace characters are currently not
@@ -820,14 +906,6 @@ color.branch.<slot>::
`remote` (a remote-tracking branch in refs/remotes/),
`upstream` (upstream tracking branch), `plain` (other
refs).
-+
-The value for these configuration variables is a list of colors (at most
-two) and attributes (at most one), separated by spaces. The colors
-accepted are `normal`, `black`, `red`, `green`, `yellow`, `blue`,
-`magenta`, `cyan` and `white`; the attributes are `bold`, `dim`, `ul`,
-`blink` and `reverse`. The first color given is the foreground; the
-second is the background. The position of the attribute, if any,
-doesn't matter.
color.diff::
Whether to use ANSI escape sequences to add color to patches.
@@ -844,11 +922,11 @@ command line with the `--color[=<when>]` option.
color.diff.<slot>::
Use customized color for diff colorization. `<slot>` specifies
which part of the patch to use the specified color, and is one
- of `plain` (context text), `meta` (metainformation), `frag`
+ of `context` (context text - `plain` is a historical synonym),
+ `meta` (metainformation), `frag`
(hunk header), 'func' (function in hunk header), `old` (removed lines),
`new` (added lines), `commit` (commit headers), or `whitespace`
- (highlighting whitespace errors). The values of these variables may be
- specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
+ (highlighting whitespace errors).
color.decorate.<slot>::
Use customized color for 'git log --decorate' output. `<slot>` is one
@@ -874,15 +952,17 @@ color.grep.<slot>::
`linenumber`;;
line number prefix (when using `-n`)
`match`;;
- matching text
+ matching text (same as setting `matchContext` and `matchSelected`)
+`matchContext`;;
+ matching text in context lines
+`matchSelected`;;
+ matching text in selected lines
`selected`;;
non-matching text in selected lines
`separator`;;
separators between fields on a line (`:`, `-`, and `=`)
and between hunks (`--`)
--
-+
-The values of these variables may be specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
color.interactive::
When set to `always`, always use colors for interactive prompts
@@ -895,14 +975,13 @@ color.interactive.<slot>::
Use customized color for 'git add --interactive' and 'git clean
--interactive' output. `<slot>` may be `prompt`, `header`, `help`
or `error`, for four distinct types of normal output from
- interactive commands. The values of these variables may be
- specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
+ interactive commands.
color.pager::
A boolean to enable/disable colored output when the pager is in
use (default is true).
-color.showbranch::
+color.showBranch::
A boolean to enable/disable color in the output of
linkgit:git-show-branch[1]. May be set to `always`,
`false` (or `never`) or `auto` (or `true`), in which case colors are used
@@ -920,10 +999,10 @@ color.status.<slot>::
`added` or `updated` (files which are added but not committed),
`changed` (files which are changed but not added in the index),
`untracked` (files which are not tracked by Git),
- `branch` (the current branch), or
+ `branch` (the current branch),
`nobranch` (the color the 'no branch' warning is shown in, defaulting
- to red). The values of these variables may be specified as in
- color.branch.<slot>.
+ to red), or
+ `unmerged` (files which have unmerged changes).
color.ui::
This variable determines the default value for variables such
@@ -1002,7 +1081,7 @@ commit.cleanup::
have to remove the help lines that begin with `#` in the commit log
template yourself, if you do this).
-commit.gpgsign::
+commit.gpgSign::
A boolean to specify whether all commits should be GPG signed.
Use of this option when doing operations such as rebase can
@@ -1115,7 +1194,7 @@ format.cc::
by mail. See the --to and --cc options in
linkgit:git-format-patch[1].
-format.subjectprefix::
+format.subjectPrefix::
The default for format-patch is to output files with the '[PATCH]'
subject prefix. Use this variable to change that prefix.
@@ -1125,6 +1204,10 @@ format.signature::
Set this variable to the empty string ("") to suppress
signature generation.
+format.signatureFile::
+ Works just like format.signature except the contents of the
+ file specified by this variable will be used as the signature.
+
format.suffix::
The default for format-patch is to output files with the suffix
`.patch`. Use this variable to change that suffix (make sure to
@@ -1145,7 +1228,7 @@ format.thread::
A true boolean value is the same as `shallow`, and a false
value disables threading.
-format.signoff::
+format.signOff::
A boolean value which lets you enable the `-s/--signoff` option of
format-patch by default. *Note:* Adding the Signed-off-by: line to a
patch should be a conscious act and means that you certify you have
@@ -1184,17 +1267,17 @@ gc.auto::
light-weight garbage collection from time to time. The
default value is 6700. Setting this to 0 disables it.
-gc.autopacklimit::
+gc.autoPackLimit::
When there are more than this many packs that are not
marked with `*.keep` file in the repository, `git gc
--auto` consolidates them into one larger pack. The
default value is 50. Setting this to 0 disables it.
-gc.autodetach::
- Make `git gc --auto` return immediately andrun in background
+gc.autoDetach::
+ Make `git gc --auto` return immediately and run in background
if the system supports it. Default is true.
-gc.packrefs::
+gc.packRefs::
Running `git pack-refs` in a repository renders it
unclonable by Git versions prior to 1.5.1.2 over dumb
transports such as HTTP. This variable determines whether
@@ -1202,38 +1285,45 @@ gc.packrefs::
to enable it within all non-bare repos or it can be set to a
boolean value. The default is `true`.
-gc.pruneexpire::
+gc.pruneExpire::
When 'git gc' is run, it will call 'prune --expire 2.weeks.ago'.
Override the grace period with this config variable. The value
"now" may be used to disable this grace period and always prune
unreachable objects immediately.
-gc.reflogexpire::
-gc.<pattern>.reflogexpire::
+gc.pruneWorktreesExpire::
+ When 'git gc' is run, it will call
+ 'prune --worktrees --expire 3.months.ago'.
+ Override the grace period with this config variable. The value
+ "now" may be used to disable the grace period and prune
+ $GIT_DIR/worktrees immediately.
+
+gc.reflogExpire::
+gc.<pattern>.reflogExpire::
'git reflog expire' removes reflog entries older than
this time; defaults to 90 days. With "<pattern>" (e.g.
"refs/stash") in the middle the setting applies only to
the refs that match the <pattern>.
-gc.reflogexpireunreachable::
-gc.<ref>.reflogexpireunreachable::
+gc.reflogExpireUnreachable::
+gc.<ref>.reflogExpireUnreachable::
'git reflog expire' removes reflog entries older than
this time and are not reachable from the current tip;
defaults to 30 days. With "<pattern>" (e.g. "refs/stash")
in the middle, the setting applies only to the refs that
match the <pattern>.
-gc.rerereresolved::
+gc.rerereResolved::
Records of conflicted merge you resolved earlier are
kept for this many days when 'git rerere gc' is run.
The default is 60 days. See linkgit:git-rerere[1].
-gc.rerereunresolved::
+gc.rerereUnresolved::
Records of conflicted merge you have not resolved are
kept for this many days when 'git rerere gc' is run.
The default is 15 days. See linkgit:git-rerere[1].
-gitcvs.commitmsgannotation::
+gitcvs.commitMsgAnnotation::
Append this string to each commit message. Set to empty string
to disable this feature. Defaults to "via git-CVS emulator".
@@ -1241,7 +1331,7 @@ gitcvs.enabled::
Whether the CVS server interface is enabled for this repository.
See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
-gitcvs.logfile::
+gitcvs.logFile::
Path to a log file where the CVS server interface well... logs
various stuff. See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
@@ -1253,10 +1343,10 @@ gitcvs.usecrlfattr::
treat it as text. If they suppress text conversion, the file
will be set with '-kb' mode, which suppresses any newline munging
the client might otherwise do. If the attributes do not allow
- the file type to be determined, then 'gitcvs.allbinary' is
+ the file type to be determined, then 'gitcvs.allBinary' is
used. See linkgit:gitattributes[5].
-gitcvs.allbinary::
+gitcvs.allBinary::
This is used if 'gitcvs.usecrlfattr' does not resolve
the correct '-kb' mode to use. If true, all
unresolved files are sent to the client in
@@ -1266,7 +1356,7 @@ gitcvs.allbinary::
then the contents of the file are examined to decide if
it is binary, similar to 'core.autocrlf'.
-gitcvs.dbname::
+gitcvs.dbName::
Database used by git-cvsserver to cache revision information
derived from the Git repository. The exact meaning depends on the
used database driver, for SQLite (which is the default driver) this
@@ -1274,7 +1364,7 @@ gitcvs.dbname::
linkgit:git-cvsserver[1] for details). May not contain semicolons (`;`).
Default: '%Ggitcvs.%m.sqlite'
-gitcvs.dbdriver::
+gitcvs.dbDriver::
Used Perl DBI driver. You can specify any available driver
for this here, but it might not work. git-cvsserver is tested
with 'DBD::SQLite', reported to work with 'DBD::Pg', and
@@ -1282,10 +1372,10 @@ gitcvs.dbdriver::
May not contain double colons (`:`). Default: 'SQLite'.
See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
-gitcvs.dbuser, gitcvs.dbpass::
- Database user and password. Only useful if setting 'gitcvs.dbdriver',
+gitcvs.dbUser, gitcvs.dbPass::
+ Database user and password. Only useful if setting 'gitcvs.dbDriver',
since SQLite has no concept of database users and/or passwords.
- 'gitcvs.dbuser' supports variable substitution (see
+ 'gitcvs.dbUser' supports variable substitution (see
linkgit:git-cvsserver[1] for details).
gitcvs.dbTableNamePrefix::
@@ -1296,7 +1386,7 @@ gitcvs.dbTableNamePrefix::
characters will be replaced with underscores.
All gitcvs variables except for 'gitcvs.usecrlfattr' and
-'gitcvs.allbinary' can also be specified as
+'gitcvs.allBinary' can also be specified as
'gitcvs.<access_method>.<varname>' (where 'access_method'
is one of "ext" and "pserver") to make them apply only for the given
access method.
@@ -1314,7 +1404,7 @@ gitweb.highlight::
gitweb.patches::
gitweb.pickaxe::
gitweb.remote_heads::
-gitweb.showsizes::
+gitweb.showSizes::
gitweb.snapshot::
See linkgit:gitweb.conf[5] for description.
@@ -1335,23 +1425,23 @@ grep.extendedRegexp::
gpg.program::
Use this custom program instead of "gpg" found on $PATH when
making or verifying a PGP signature. The program must support the
- same command line interface as GPG, namely, to verify a detached
+ same command-line interface as GPG, namely, to verify a detached
signature, "gpg --verify $file - <$signature" is run, and the
program is expected to signal a good signature by exiting with
- code 0, and to generate an ascii-armored detached signature, the
+ code 0, and to generate an ASCII-armored detached signature, the
standard input of "gpg -bsau $key" is fed with the contents to be
signed, and the program is expected to send the result to its
standard output.
-gui.commitmsgwidth::
+gui.commitMsgWidth::
Defines how wide the commit message window is in the
linkgit:git-gui[1]. "75" is the default.
-gui.diffcontext::
+gui.diffContext::
Specifies how many context lines should be used in calls to diff
made by the linkgit:git-gui[1]. The default is "5".
-gui.displayuntracked::
+gui.displayUntracked::
Determines if linkgit::git-gui[1] shows untracked files
in the file list. The default is "true".
@@ -1363,16 +1453,16 @@ gui.encoding::
If this option is not set, the tools default to the
locale encoding.
-gui.matchtrackingbranch::
+gui.matchTrackingBranch::
Determines if new branches created with linkgit:git-gui[1] should
default to tracking remote branches with matching names or
not. Default: "false".
-gui.newbranchtemplate::
+gui.newBranchTemplate::
Is used as suggested name when creating new branches using the
linkgit:git-gui[1].
-gui.pruneduringfetch::
+gui.pruneDuringFetch::
"true" if linkgit:git-gui[1] should prune remote-tracking branches when
performing a fetch. The default value is "false".
@@ -1380,17 +1470,17 @@ gui.trustmtime::
Determines if linkgit:git-gui[1] should trust the file modification
timestamp or not. By default the timestamps are not trusted.
-gui.spellingdictionary::
+gui.spellingDictionary::
Specifies the dictionary used for spell checking commit messages in
the linkgit:git-gui[1]. When set to "none" spell checking is turned
off.
-gui.fastcopyblame::
+gui.fastCopyBlame::
If true, 'git gui blame' uses `-C` instead of `-C -C` for original
location detection. It makes blame significantly faster on huge
repositories at the expense of less thorough copy detection.
-gui.copyblamethreshold::
+gui.copyBlameThreshold::
Specifies the threshold to use in 'git gui blame' original location
detection, measured in alphanumeric characters. See the
linkgit:git-blame[1] manual for more information on copy detection.
@@ -1410,22 +1500,22 @@ guitool.<name>.cmd::
'FILENAME', and the name of the current branch as 'CUR_BRANCH' (if
the head is detached, 'CUR_BRANCH' is empty).
-guitool.<name>.needsfile::
+guitool.<name>.needsFile::
Run the tool only if a diff is selected in the GUI. It guarantees
that 'FILENAME' is not empty.
-guitool.<name>.noconsole::
+guitool.<name>.noConsole::
Run the command silently, without creating a window to display its
output.
-guitool.<name>.norescan::
+guitool.<name>.noRescan::
Don't rescan the working directory for changes after the tool
finishes execution.
guitool.<name>.confirm::
Show a confirmation dialog before actually running the tool.
-guitool.<name>.argprompt::
+guitool.<name>.argPrompt::
Request a string argument from the user, and pass it to the tool
through the 'ARGS' environment variable. Since requesting an
argument implies confirmation, the 'confirm' option has no effect
@@ -1433,13 +1523,13 @@ guitool.<name>.argprompt::
the dialog uses a built-in generic prompt; otherwise the exact
value of the variable is used.
-guitool.<name>.revprompt::
+guitool.<name>.revPrompt::
Request a single valid revision from the user, and set the
'REVISION' environment variable. In other aspects this option
- is similar to 'argprompt', and can be used together with it.
+ is similar to 'argPrompt', and can be used together with it.
-guitool.<name>.revunmerged::
- Show only unmerged branches in the 'revprompt' subdialog.
+guitool.<name>.revUnmerged::
+ Show only unmerged branches in the 'revPrompt' subdialog.
This is useful for tools similar to merge or rebase, but not
for things like checkout or reset.
@@ -1449,7 +1539,7 @@ guitool.<name>.title::
guitool.<name>.prompt::
Specifies the general prompt string to display at the top of
- the dialog, before subsections for 'argprompt' and 'revprompt'.
+ the dialog, before subsections for 'argPrompt' and 'revPrompt'.
The default value includes the actual command.
help.browser::
@@ -1461,7 +1551,7 @@ help.format::
Values 'man', 'info', 'web' and 'html' are supported. 'man' is
the default. 'web' and 'html' are the same.
-help.autocorrect::
+help.autoCorrect::
Automatically correct and execute mistyped commands after
waiting for the given number of deciseconds (0.1 sec). If more
than one command can be deduced from the entered text, nothing
@@ -1470,7 +1560,7 @@ help.autocorrect::
value is 0 - the command will be just shown but not executed.
This is the default.
-help.htmlpath::
+help.htmlPath::
Specify the path where the HTML documentation resides. File system paths
and URLs are supported. HTML pages will be prefixed with this path when
help is displayed in the 'web' format. This defaults to the documentation
@@ -1482,17 +1572,30 @@ http.proxy::
`curl(1)`). This can be overridden on a per-remote basis; see
remote.<name>.proxy
-http.cookiefile::
+http.cookieFile::
File containing previously stored cookie lines which should be used
in the Git http session, if they match the server. The file format
of the file to read cookies from should be plain HTTP headers or
the Netscape/Mozilla cookie file format (see linkgit:curl[1]).
- NOTE that the file specified with http.cookiefile is only used as
+ NOTE that the file specified with http.cookieFile is only used as
input unless http.saveCookies is set.
-http.savecookies::
+http.saveCookies::
If set, store cookies received during requests to the file specified by
- http.cookiefile. Has no effect if http.cookiefile is unset.
+ http.cookieFile. Has no effect if http.cookieFile is unset.
+
+http.sslCipherList::
+ A list of SSL ciphers to use when negotiating an SSL connection.
+ The available ciphers depend on whether libcurl was built against
+ NSS or OpenSSL and the particular configuration of the crypto
+ library in use. Internally this sets the 'CURLOPT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST'
+ option; see the libcurl documentation for more details on the format
+ of this list.
++
+Can be overridden by the 'GIT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST' environment variable.
+To force git to use libcurl's default cipher list and ignore any
+explicit http.sslCipherList option, set 'GIT_SSL_CIPHER_LIST' to the
+empty string.
http.sslVerify::
Whether to verify the SSL certificate when fetching or pushing
@@ -1563,7 +1666,7 @@ http.noEPSV::
support EPSV mode. Can be overridden by the 'GIT_CURL_FTP_NO_EPSV'
environment variable. Default is false (curl will use EPSV).
-http.useragent::
+http.userAgent::
The HTTP USER_AGENT string presented to an HTTP server. The default
value represents the version of the client Git such as git/1.7.1.
This option allows you to override this value to a more common value
@@ -1573,7 +1676,7 @@ http.useragent::
Can be overridden by the 'GIT_HTTP_USER_AGENT' environment variable.
http.<url>.*::
- Any of the http.* options above can be applied selectively to some urls.
+ Any of the http.* options above can be applied selectively to some URLs.
For a config key to match a URL, each element of the config key is
compared to that of the URL, in the following order:
+
@@ -1612,8 +1715,8 @@ if the URL is `https://user@example.com/foo/bar` a config key match of
+
All URLs are normalized before attempting any matching (the password part,
if embedded in the URL, is always ignored for matching purposes) so that
-equivalent urls that are simply spelled differently will match properly.
-Environment variable settings always override any matches. The urls that are
+equivalent URLs that are simply spelled differently will match properly.
+Environment variable settings always override any matches. The URLs that are
matched against are those given directly to Git commands. This means any URLs
visited as a result of a redirection do not participate in matching.
@@ -1636,7 +1739,7 @@ index.version::
Specify the version with which new index files should be
initialized. This does not affect existing repositories.
-init.templatedir::
+init.templateDir::
Specify the directory from which templates will be copied.
(See the "TEMPLATE DIRECTORY" section of linkgit:git-init[1].)
@@ -1652,7 +1755,7 @@ instaweb.local::
If true the web server started by linkgit:git-instaweb[1] will
be bound to the local IP (127.0.0.1).
-instaweb.modulepath::
+instaweb.modulePath::
The default module path for linkgit:git-instaweb[1] to use
instead of /usr/lib/apache2/modules. Only used if httpd
is Apache.
@@ -1661,7 +1764,7 @@ instaweb.port::
The port number to bind the gitweb httpd to. See
linkgit:git-instaweb[1].
-interactive.singlekey::
+interactive.singleKey::
In interactive commands, allow the user to provide one-letter
input with a single key (i.e., without hitting enter).
Currently this is used by the `--patch` mode of
@@ -1689,7 +1792,7 @@ log.decorate::
specified, the full ref name (including prefix) will be printed.
This is the same as the log commands '--decorate' option.
-log.showroot::
+log.showRoot::
If true, the initial commit will be shown as a big creation event.
This is equivalent to a diff against an empty tree.
Tools like linkgit:git-log[1] or linkgit:git-whatchanged[1], which
@@ -1699,6 +1802,13 @@ log.mailmap::
If true, makes linkgit:git-log[1], linkgit:git-show[1], and
linkgit:git-whatchanged[1] assume `--use-mailmap`.
+mailinfo.scissors::
+ If true, makes linkgit:git-mailinfo[1] (and therefore
+ linkgit:git-am[1]) act by default as if the --scissors option
+ was provided on the command-line. When active, this features
+ removes everything from the message body before a scissors
+ line (i.e. consisting mainly of ">8", "8<" and "-").
+
mailmap.file::
The location of an augmenting mailmap file. The default
mailmap, located in the root of the repository, is loaded
@@ -1753,6 +1863,15 @@ mergetool.<tool>.trustExitCode::
if the file has been updated, otherwise the user is prompted to
indicate the success of the merge.
+mergetool.meld.hasOutput::
+ Older versions of `meld` do not support the `--output` option.
+ Git will attempt to detect whether `meld` supports `--output`
+ by inspecting the output of `meld --help`. Configuring
+ `mergetool.meld.hasOutput` will make Git skip these checks and
+ use the configured value instead. Setting `mergetool.meld.hasOutput`
+ to `true` tells Git to unconditionally use the `--output` option,
+ and `false` avoids using `--output`.
+
mergetool.keepBackup::
After performing a merge, the original file with conflict markers
can be saved as a file with a `.orig` extension. If this variable
@@ -1766,6 +1885,12 @@ mergetool.keepTemporaries::
preserved, otherwise they will be removed after the tool has
exited. Defaults to `false`.
+mergetool.writeToTemp::
+ Git writes temporary 'BASE', 'LOCAL', and 'REMOTE' versions of
+ conflicting files in the worktree by default. Git will attempt
+ to use a temporary directory for these files when set `true`.
+ Defaults to `false`.
+
mergetool.prompt::
Prompt before each invocation of the merge resolution program.
@@ -1826,10 +1951,11 @@ pack.depth::
maximum depth is given on the command line. Defaults to 50.
pack.windowMemory::
- The window memory size limit used by linkgit:git-pack-objects[1]
- when no limit is given on the command line. The value can be
- suffixed with "k", "m", or "g". Defaults to 0, meaning no
- limit.
+ The maximum size of memory that is consumed by each thread
+ in linkgit:git-pack-objects[1] for pack window memory when
+ no limit is given on the command line. The value can be
+ suffixed with "k", "m", or "g". When left unconfigured (or
+ set explicitly to 0), there will be no limit.
pack.compression::
An integer -1..9, indicating the compression level for objects
@@ -1903,13 +2029,8 @@ pack.useBitmaps::
true. You should not generally need to turn this off unless
you are debugging pack bitmaps.
-pack.writebitmaps::
- When true, git will write a bitmap index when packing all
- objects to disk (e.g., when `git repack -a` is run). This
- index can speed up the "counting objects" phase of subsequent
- packs created for clones and fetches, at the cost of some disk
- space and extra time spent on the initial repack. Defaults to
- false.
+pack.writeBitmaps (deprecated)::
+ This is a deprecated synonym for `repack.writeBitmaps`.
pack.writeBitmapHashCache::
When true, git will include a "hash cache" section in the bitmap
@@ -1949,7 +2070,7 @@ pull.ff::
a case (equivalent to giving the `--no-ff` option from the command
line). When set to `only`, only such fast-forward merges are
allowed (equivalent to giving the `--ff-only` option from the
- command line).
+ command line). This setting overrides `merge.ff` when pulling.
pull.rebase::
When true, rebase branches on top of the fetched branch, instead
@@ -2027,14 +2148,20 @@ new default).
--
+push.followTags::
+ If set to true enable '--follow-tags' option by default. You
+ may override this configuration at time of push by specifying
+ '--no-follow-tags'.
+
+
rebase.stat::
Whether to show a diffstat of what changed upstream since the last
rebase. False by default.
-rebase.autosquash::
+rebase.autoSquash::
If set to true enable '--autosquash' option by default.
-rebase.autostash::
+rebase.autoStash::
When set to true, automatically create a temporary stash
before the operation begins, and apply it after the operation
ends. This means that you can run rebase on a dirty worktree.
@@ -2042,11 +2169,35 @@ rebase.autostash::
successful rebase might result in non-trivial conflicts.
Defaults to false.
+receive.advertiseAtomic::
+ By default, git-receive-pack will advertise the atomic push
+ capability to its clients. If you don't want to this capability
+ to be advertised, set this variable to false.
+
receive.autogc::
By default, git-receive-pack will run "git-gc --auto" after
receiving data from git-push and updating refs. You can stop
it by setting this variable to false.
+receive.certNonceSeed::
+ By setting this variable to a string, `git receive-pack`
+ will accept a `git push --signed` and verifies it by using
+ a "nonce" protected by HMAC using this string as a secret
+ key.
+
+receive.certNonceSlop::
+ When a `git push --signed` sent a push certificate with a
+ "nonce" that was issued by a receive-pack serving the same
+ repository within this many seconds, export the "nonce"
+ found in the certificate to `GIT_PUSH_CERT_NONCE` to the
+ hooks (instead of what the receive-pack asked the sending
+ side to include). This may allow writing checks in
+ `pre-receive` and `post-receive` a bit easier. Instead of
+ checking `GIT_PUSH_CERT_NONCE_SLOP` environment variable
+ that records by how many seconds the nonce is stale to
+ decide if they want to accept the certificate, they only
+ can check `GIT_PUSH_CERT_NONCE_STATUS` is `OK`.
+
receive.fsckObjects::
If it is set to true, git-receive-pack will check all received
objects. It will abort in the case of a malformed object or a
@@ -2080,6 +2231,17 @@ receive.denyCurrentBranch::
print a warning of such a push to stderr, but allow the push to
proceed. If set to false or "ignore", allow such pushes with no
message. Defaults to "refuse".
++
+Another option is "updateInstead" which will update the working
+tree if pushing into the current branch. This option is
+intended for synchronizing working directories when one side is not easily
+accessible via interactive ssh (e.g. a live web site, hence the requirement
+that the working directory be clean). This mode also comes in handy when
+developing inside a VM to test and fix code on different Operating Systems.
++
+By default, "updateInstead" will refuse the push if the working tree or
+the index have any difference from the HEAD, but the `push-to-checkout`
+hook can be used to customize this. See linkgit:githooks[5].
receive.denyNonFastForwards::
If set to true, git-receive-pack will deny a ref update which is
@@ -2087,7 +2249,7 @@ receive.denyNonFastForwards::
even if that push is forced. This configuration variable is
set when initializing a shared repository.
-receive.hiderefs::
+receive.hideRefs::
String(s) `receive-pack` uses to decide which refs to omit
from its initial advertisement. Use more than one
definitions to specify multiple prefix strings. A ref that
@@ -2096,18 +2258,18 @@ receive.hiderefs::
push`, and an attempt to update or delete a hidden ref by
`git push` is rejected.
-receive.updateserverinfo::
+receive.updateServerInfo::
If set to true, git-receive-pack will run git-update-server-info
after receiving data from git-push and updating refs.
-receive.shallowupdate::
+receive.shallowUpdate::
If set to true, .git/shallow can be updated when new refs
require new shallow roots. Otherwise those refs are rejected.
-remote.pushdefault::
+remote.pushDefault::
The remote to push to by default. Overrides
`branch.<name>.remote` for all branches, and is overridden by
- `branch.<name>.pushremote` for specific branches.
+ `branch.<name>.pushRemote` for specific branches.
remote.<name>.url::
The URL of a remote repository. See linkgit:git-fetch[1] or
@@ -2145,18 +2307,18 @@ remote.<name>.skipFetchAll::
remote.<name>.receivepack::
The default program to execute on the remote side when pushing. See
- option \--receive-pack of linkgit:git-push[1].
+ option --receive-pack of linkgit:git-push[1].
remote.<name>.uploadpack::
The default program to execute on the remote side when fetching. See
- option \--upload-pack of linkgit:git-fetch-pack[1].
+ option --upload-pack of linkgit:git-fetch-pack[1].
-remote.<name>.tagopt::
- Setting this value to \--no-tags disables automatic tag following when
- fetching from remote <name>. Setting it to \--tags will fetch every
+remote.<name>.tagOpt::
+ Setting this value to --no-tags disables automatic tag following when
+ fetching from remote <name>. Setting it to --tags will fetch every
tag from remote <name>, even if they are not reachable from remote
branch heads. Passing these flags directly to linkgit:git-fetch[1] can
- override this setting. See options \--tags and \--no-tags of
+ override this setting. See options --tags and --no-tags of
linkgit:git-fetch[1].
remote.<name>.vcs::
@@ -2173,7 +2335,7 @@ remotes.<group>::
The list of remotes which are fetched by "git remote update
<group>". See linkgit:git-remote[1].
-repack.usedeltabaseoffset::
+repack.useDeltaBaseOffset::
By default, linkgit:git-repack[1] creates packs that use
delta-base offset. If you need to share your repository with
Git older than version 1.4.4, either directly or via a dumb
@@ -2186,9 +2348,17 @@ repack.packKeptObjects::
`--pack-kept-objects` was passed. See linkgit:git-repack[1] for
details. Defaults to `false` normally, but `true` if a bitmap
index is being written (either via `--write-bitmap-index` or
- `pack.writeBitmaps`).
+ `repack.writeBitmaps`).
+
+repack.writeBitmaps::
+ When true, git will write a bitmap index when packing all
+ objects to disk (e.g., when `git repack -a` is run). This
+ index can speed up the "counting objects" phase of subsequent
+ packs created for clones and fetches, at the cost of some disk
+ space and extra time spent on the initial repack. Defaults to
+ false.
-rerere.autoupdate::
+rerere.autoUpdate::
When set to true, `git-rerere` updates the index with the
resulting contents after it cleanly resolves conflicts using
previously recorded resolution. Defaults to false.
@@ -2207,12 +2377,12 @@ sendemail.identity::
values in the 'sendemail' section. The default identity is
the value of 'sendemail.identity'.
-sendemail.smtpencryption::
+sendemail.smtpEncryption::
See linkgit:git-send-email[1] for description. Note that this
setting is not subject to the 'identity' mechanism.
-sendemail.smtpssl::
- Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.smtpencryption = ssl'.
+sendemail.smtpssl (deprecated)::
+ Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.smtpEncryption = ssl'.
sendemail.smtpsslcertpath::
Path to ca-certificates (either a directory or a single file).
@@ -2224,32 +2394,34 @@ sendemail.<identity>.*::
identity is selected, through command-line or
'sendemail.identity'.
-sendemail.aliasesfile::
-sendemail.aliasfiletype::
+sendemail.aliasesFile::
+sendemail.aliasFileType::
sendemail.annotate::
sendemail.bcc::
sendemail.cc::
-sendemail.cccmd::
-sendemail.chainreplyto::
+sendemail.ccCmd::
+sendemail.chainReplyTo::
sendemail.confirm::
-sendemail.envelopesender::
+sendemail.envelopeSender::
sendemail.from::
-sendemail.multiedit::
+sendemail.multiEdit::
sendemail.signedoffbycc::
-sendemail.smtppass::
+sendemail.smtpPass::
sendemail.suppresscc::
-sendemail.suppressfrom::
+sendemail.suppressFrom::
sendemail.to::
-sendemail.smtpdomain::
-sendemail.smtpserver::
-sendemail.smtpserverport::
-sendemail.smtpserveroption::
-sendemail.smtpuser::
+sendemail.smtpDomain::
+sendemail.smtpServer::
+sendemail.smtpServerPort::
+sendemail.smtpServerOption::
+sendemail.smtpUser::
sendemail.thread::
+sendemail.transferEncoding::
sendemail.validate::
+sendemail.xmailer::
See linkgit:git-send-email[1] for description.
-sendemail.signedoffcc::
+sendemail.signedoffcc (deprecated)::
Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.signedoffbycc'.
showbranch.default::
@@ -2282,7 +2454,7 @@ status.showUntrackedFiles::
files which are not currently tracked by Git. Directories which
contain only untracked files, are shown with the directory name
only. Showing untracked files means that Git needs to lstat() all
- all the files in the whole repository, which might be slow on some
+ the files in the whole repository, which might be slow on some
systems. So, this variable controls how the commands displays
the untracked files. Possible values are:
+
@@ -2296,7 +2468,7 @@ If this variable is not specified, it defaults to 'normal'.
This variable can be overridden with the -u|--untracked-files option
of linkgit:git-status[1] and linkgit:git-commit[1].
-status.submodulesummary::
+status.submoduleSummary::
Defaults to false.
If this is set to a non zero number or true (identical to -1 or an
unlimited number), the submodule summary will be enabled and a
@@ -2308,18 +2480,22 @@ status.submodulesummary::
exception to that rule is that status and commit will show staged
submodule changes. To
also view the summary for ignored submodules you can either use
- the --ignore-submodules=dirty command line option or the 'git
+ the --ignore-submodules=dirty command-line option or the 'git
submodule summary' command, which shows a similar output but does
not honor these settings.
submodule.<name>.path::
submodule.<name>.url::
+ The path within this project and URL for a submodule. These
+ variables are initially populated by 'git submodule init'. See
+ linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for
+ details.
+
submodule.<name>.update::
- The path within this project, URL, and the updating strategy
- for a submodule. These variables are initially populated
- by 'git submodule init'; edit them to override the
- URL and other values found in the `.gitmodules` file. See
- linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for details.
+ The default update procedure for a submodule. This variable
+ is populated by `git submodule init` from the
+ linkgit:gitmodules[5] file. See description of 'update'
+ command in linkgit:git-submodule[1].
submodule.<name>.branch::
The remote branch name for a submodule, used by `git submodule
@@ -2330,7 +2506,7 @@ submodule.<name>.branch::
submodule.<name>.fetchRecurseSubmodules::
This option can be used to control recursive fetching of this
submodule. It can be overridden by using the --[no-]recurse-submodules
- command line option to "git fetch" and "git pull".
+ command-line option to "git fetch" and "git pull".
This setting will override that from in the linkgit:gitmodules[5]
file.
@@ -2350,6 +2526,11 @@ submodule.<name>.ignore::
"--ignore-submodules" option. The 'git submodule' commands are not
affected by this setting.
+tag.sort::
+ This variable controls the sort ordering of tags when displayed by
+ linkgit:git-tag[1]. Without the "--sort=<value>" option provided, the
+ value of this variable will be used as the default.
+
tar.umask::
This variable can be used to restrict the permission bits of
tar archive entries. The default is 0002, which turns off the
@@ -2362,9 +2543,9 @@ transfer.fsckObjects::
not set, the value of this variable is used instead.
Defaults to false.
-transfer.hiderefs::
- This variable can be used to set both `receive.hiderefs`
- and `uploadpack.hiderefs` at the same time to the same
+transfer.hideRefs::
+ This variable can be used to set both `receive.hideRefs`
+ and `uploadpack.hideRefs` at the same time to the same
values. See entries for these other variables.
transfer.unpackLimit::
@@ -2379,22 +2560,28 @@ uploadarchive.allowUnreachable::
linkgit:git-upload-archive[1] for more details. Defaults to
`false`.
-uploadpack.hiderefs::
+uploadpack.hideRefs::
String(s) `upload-pack` uses to decide which refs to omit
from its initial advertisement. Use more than one
definitions to specify multiple prefix strings. A ref that
are under the hierarchies listed on the value of this
variable is excluded, and is hidden from `git ls-remote`,
`git fetch`, etc. An attempt to fetch a hidden ref by `git
- fetch` will fail. See also `uploadpack.allowtipsha1inwant`.
+ fetch` will fail. See also `uploadpack.allowTipSHA1InWant`.
-uploadpack.allowtipsha1inwant::
- When `uploadpack.hiderefs` is in effect, allow `upload-pack`
+uploadpack.allowTipSHA1InWant::
+ When `uploadpack.hideRefs` is in effect, allow `upload-pack`
to accept a fetch request that asks for an object at the tip
of a hidden ref (by default, such a request is rejected).
- see also `uploadpack.hiderefs`.
+ see also `uploadpack.hideRefs`.
-uploadpack.keepalive::
+uploadpack.allowReachableSHA1InWant::
+ Allow `upload-pack` to accept a fetch request that asks for an
+ object that is reachable from any ref tip. However, note that
+ calculating object reachability is computationally expensive.
+ Defaults to `false`.
+
+uploadpack.keepAlive::
When `upload-pack` has started `pack-objects`, there may be a
quiet period while `pack-objects` prepares the pack. Normally
it would output progress information, but if `--quiet` was used
@@ -2402,7 +2589,7 @@ uploadpack.keepalive::
the pack data begins. Some clients and networks may consider
the server to be hung and give up. Setting this option instructs
`upload-pack` to send an empty keepalive packet every
- `uploadpack.keepalive` seconds. Setting this option to 0
+ `uploadpack.keepAlive` seconds. Setting this option to 0
disables keepalive packets entirely. The default is 5 seconds.
url.<base>.insteadOf::
@@ -2439,13 +2626,25 @@ user.name::
Can be overridden by the 'GIT_AUTHOR_NAME' and 'GIT_COMMITTER_NAME'
environment variables. See linkgit:git-commit-tree[1].
-user.signingkey::
+user.signingKey::
If linkgit:git-tag[1] or linkgit:git-commit[1] is not selecting the
key you want it to automatically when creating a signed tag or
commit, you can override the default selection with this variable.
This option is passed unchanged to gpg's --local-user parameter,
so you may specify a key using any method that gpg supports.
+versionsort.prereleaseSuffix::
+ When version sort is used in linkgit:git-tag[1], prerelease
+ tags (e.g. "1.0-rc1") may appear after the main release
+ "1.0". By specifying the suffix "-rc" in this variable,
+ "1.0-rc1" will appear before "1.0".
++
+This variable can be specified multiple times, once per suffix. The
+order of suffixes in the config file determines the sorting order
+(e.g. if "-pre" appears before "-rc" in the config file then 1.0-preXX
+is sorted before 1.0-rcXX). The sorting order between different
+suffixes is undefined if they are in multiple config files.
+
web.browser::
Specify a web browser that may be used by some commands.
Currently only linkgit:git-instaweb[1] and linkgit:git-help[1]
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-config.txt b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
index f07b451..6eaa452 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-diff.autorefreshindex::
+diff.autoRefreshIndex::
When using 'git diff' to compare with work tree
files, do not consider stat-only change as changed.
Instead, silently run `git update-index --refresh` to
@@ -75,11 +75,11 @@ diff.ignoreSubmodules::
commands such as 'git diff-files'. 'git checkout' also honors
this setting when reporting uncommitted changes. Setting it to
'all' disables the submodule summary normally shown by 'git commit'
- and 'git status' when 'status.submodulesummary' is set unless it is
- overridden by using the --ignore-submodules command line option.
+ and 'git status' when 'status.submoduleSummary' is set unless it is
+ overridden by using the --ignore-submodules command-line option.
The 'git submodule' commands are not affected by this setting.
-diff.mnemonicprefix::
+diff.mnemonicPrefix::
If set, 'git diff' uses a prefix pair that is different from the
standard "a/" and "b/" depending on what is being compared. When
this configuration is in effect, reverse diff output also swaps
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ diff.mnemonicprefix::
diff.noprefix::
If set, 'git diff' does not show any source or destination prefix.
-diff.orderfile::
+diff.orderFile::
File indicating how to order files within a diff, using
one shell glob pattern per line.
Can be overridden by the '-O' option to linkgit:git-diff[1].
@@ -148,7 +148,7 @@ diff.<driver>.textconv::
conversion is used to generate a human-readable diff. See
linkgit:gitattributes[5] for details.
-diff.<driver>.wordregex::
+diff.<driver>.wordRegex::
The regular expression that the diff driver should use to
split words in a line. See linkgit:gitattributes[5] for
details.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-format.txt b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
index 15c7e79..85b0890 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
@@ -66,7 +66,8 @@ be committed)
Status letters C and R are always followed by a score (denoting the
percentage of similarity between the source and target of the move or
-copy), and are the only ones to be so.
+copy). Status letter M may be followed by a score (denoting the
+percentage of dissimilarity) for file rewrites.
<sha1> is shown as all 0's if a file is new on the filesystem
and it is out of sync with the index.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
index 843a20b..bcf54da 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@ combined diff format
Any diff-generating command can take the `-c` or `--cc` option to
produce a 'combined diff' when showing a merge. This is the default
format when showing merges with linkgit:git-diff[1] or
-linkgit:git-show[1]. Note also that you can give the `-m' option to any
+linkgit:git-show[1]. Note also that you can give the `-m` option to any
of these commands to force generation of diffs with individual parents
of a merge.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
index 6cb083a..d56ca90 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
@@ -23,7 +23,9 @@ ifndef::git-format-patch[]
-u::
--patch::
Generate patch (see section on generating patches).
- {git-diff? This is the default.}
+ifdef::git-diff[]
+ This is the default.
+endif::git-diff[]
endif::git-format-patch[]
-s::
@@ -41,8 +43,19 @@ endif::git-format-patch[]
ifndef::git-format-patch[]
--raw::
- Generate the raw format.
- {git-diff-core? This is the default.}
+ifndef::git-log[]
+ Generate the diff in raw format.
+ifdef::git-diff-core[]
+ This is the default.
+endif::git-diff-core[]
+endif::git-log[]
+ifdef::git-log[]
+ For each commit, show a summary of changes using the raw diff
+ format. See the "RAW OUTPUT FORMAT" section of
+ linkgit:git-diff[1]. This is different from showing the log
+ itself in raw format, which you can achieve with
+ `--format=raw`.
+endif::git-log[]
endif::git-format-patch[]
ifndef::git-format-patch[]
@@ -278,6 +291,16 @@ ifndef::git-format-patch[]
initial indent of the line are considered whitespace errors.
Exits with non-zero status if problems are found. Not compatible
with --exit-code.
+
+--ws-error-highlight=<kind>::
+ Highlight whitespace errors on lines specified by <kind>
+ in the color specified by `color.diff.whitespace`. <kind>
+ is a comma separated list of `old`, `new`, `context`. When
+ this option is not given, only whitespace errors in `new`
+ lines are highlighted. E.g. `--ws-error-highlight=new,old`
+ highlights whitespace errors on both deleted and added lines.
+ `all` can be used as a short-hand for `old,new,context`.
+
endif::git-format-patch[]
--full-index::
@@ -432,8 +455,8 @@ endif::git-format-patch[]
-O<orderfile>::
Output the patch in the order specified in the
<orderfile>, which has one shell glob pattern per line.
- This overrides the `diff.orderfile` configuration variable
- (see linkgit:git-config[1]). To cancel `diff.orderfile`,
+ This overrides the `diff.orderFile` configuration variable
+ (see linkgit:git-config[1]). To cancel `diff.orderFile`,
use `-O/dev/null`.
ifndef::git-format-patch[]
diff --git a/Documentation/everyday.txto b/Documentation/everyday.txto
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c5047d8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/everyday.txto
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+Everyday Git With 20 Commands Or So
+===================================
+
+This document has been moved to linkgit:giteveryday[1].
+
+Please let the owners of the referring site know so that they can update the
+link you clicked to get here.
+
+Thanks.
diff --git a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
index 92c68c3..45583d8 100644
--- a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
@@ -68,10 +68,18 @@ endif::git-pull[]
By default, tags that point at objects that are downloaded
from the remote repository are fetched and stored locally.
This option disables this automatic tag following. The default
- behavior for a remote may be specified with the remote.<name>.tagopt
+ behavior for a remote may be specified with the remote.<name>.tagOpt
setting. See linkgit:git-config[1].
ifndef::git-pull[]
+--refmap=<refspec>::
+ When fetching refs listed on the command line, use the
+ specified refspec (can be given more than once) to map the
+ refs to remote-tracking branches, instead of the values of
+ `remote.*.fetch` configuration variables for the remote
+ repository. See section on "Configured Remote-tracking
+ Branches" for details.
+
-t::
--tags::
Fetch all tags from the remote (i.e., fetch remote tags
diff --git a/Documentation/fmt-merge-msg-config.txt b/Documentation/fmt-merge-msg-config.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c73cfa9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/fmt-merge-msg-config.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+merge.branchdesc::
+ In addition to branch names, populate the log message with
+ the branch description text associated with them. Defaults
+ to false.
+
+merge.log::
+ In addition to branch names, populate the log message with at
+ most the specified number of one-line descriptions from the
+ actual commits that are being merged. Defaults to false, and
+ true is a synonym for 20.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-add.txt b/Documentation/git-add.txt
index 9631526..fe5282f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-add.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-add.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-add - Add file contents to the index
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git add' [-n] [-v] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
+'git add' [--verbose | -v] [--dry-run | -n] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
[--edit | -e] [--[no-]all | --[no-]ignore-removal | [--update | -u]]
[--intent-to-add | -N] [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--ignore-missing]
[--] [<pathspec>...]
@@ -93,7 +93,8 @@ This effectively runs `add --interactive`, but bypasses the
initial command menu and directly jumps to the `patch` subcommand.
See ``Interactive mode'' for details.
--e, \--edit::
+-e::
+--edit::
Open the diff vs. the index in an editor and let the user
edit it. After the editor was closed, adjust the hunk headers
and apply the patch to the index.
@@ -173,7 +174,7 @@ for "git add --no-all <pathspec>...", i.e. ignored removed files.
Configuration
-------------
-The optional configuration variable `core.excludesfile` indicates a path to a
+The optional configuration variable `core.excludesFile` indicates a path to a
file containing patterns of file names to exclude from git-add, similar to
$GIT_DIR/info/exclude. Patterns in the exclude file are used in addition to
those in info/exclude. See linkgit:gitignore[5].
@@ -317,7 +318,7 @@ After deciding the fate for all hunks, if there is any hunk
that was chosen, the index is updated with the selected hunks.
+
You can omit having to type return here, by setting the configuration
-variable `interactive.singlekey` to `true`.
+variable `interactive.singleKey` to `true`.
diff::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-am.txt b/Documentation/git-am.txt
index 9adce37..dbea6e7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-am.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-am.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git am' [--signoff] [--keep] [--[no-]keep-cr] [--[no-]utf8]
- [--3way] [--interactive] [--committer-date-is-author-date]
+ [--[no-]3way] [--interactive] [--committer-date-is-author-date]
[--ignore-date] [--ignore-space-change | --ignore-whitespace]
[--whitespace=<option>] [-C<n>] [-p<n>] [--directory=<dir>]
[--exclude=<path>] [--include=<path>] [--reject] [-q | --quiet]
@@ -52,11 +52,23 @@ OPTIONS
-c::
--scissors::
Remove everything in body before a scissors line (see
- linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
+ linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]). Can be activated by default using
+ the `mailinfo.scissors` configuration variable.
--no-scissors::
Ignore scissors lines (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
+-m::
+--message-id::
+ Pass the `-m` flag to 'git mailinfo' (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]),
+ so that the Message-ID header is added to the commit message.
+ The `am.messageid` configuration variable can be used to specify
+ the default behaviour.
+
+--no-message-id::
+ Do not add the Message-ID header to the commit message.
+ `no-message-id` is useful to override `am.messageid`.
+
-q::
--quiet::
Be quiet. Only print error messages.
@@ -78,12 +90,14 @@ default. You can use `--no-utf8` to override this.
-3::
--3way::
+--no-3way::
When the patch does not apply cleanly, fall back on
3-way merge if the patch records the identity of blobs
it is supposed to apply to and we have those blobs
- available locally.
+ available locally. `--no-3way` can be used to override
+ am.threeWay configuration variable. For more information,
+ see am.threeWay in linkgit:git-config[1].
---ignore-date::
--ignore-space-change::
--ignore-whitespace::
--whitespace=<option>::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-apply.txt b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
index f605327..d9ed6a1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-apply.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--ignore-space-change | --ignore-whitespace ]
[--whitespace=(nowarn|warn|fix|error|error-all)]
[--exclude=<path>] [--include=<path>] [--directory=<root>]
- [--verbose] [<patch>...]
+ [--verbose] [--unsafe-paths] [<patch>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -229,10 +229,20 @@ For example, a patch that talks about updating `a/git-gui.sh` to `b/git-gui.sh`
can be applied to the file in the working tree `modules/git-gui/git-gui.sh` by
running `git apply --directory=modules/git-gui`.
+--unsafe-paths::
+ By default, a patch that affects outside the working area
+ (either a Git controlled working tree, or the current working
+ directory when "git apply" is used as a replacement of GNU
+ patch) is rejected as a mistake (or a mischief).
++
+When `git apply` is used as a "better GNU patch", the user can pass
+the `--unsafe-paths` option to override this safety check. This option
+has no effect when `--index` or `--cached` is in use.
+
Configuration
-------------
-apply.ignorewhitespace::
+apply.ignoreWhitespace::
Set to 'change' if you want changes in whitespace to be ignored by default.
Set to one of: no, none, never, false if you want changes in
whitespace to be significant.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
index afeb86c..0f0c6ff 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@ developed and maintained during years or even tens of years by a lot
of people. And as there are often many people who depend (sometimes
critically) on such software, regressions are a really big problem.
-One such software is the linux kernel. And if we look at the linux
+One such software is the Linux kernel. And if we look at the Linux
kernel, we can see that a lot of time and effort is spent to fight
regressions. The release cycle start with a 2 weeks long merge
window. Then the first release candidate (rc) version is tagged. And
@@ -132,7 +132,7 @@ regressions. And this time is more than 80% of the release cycle
time. But this is not the end of the fight yet, as of course it
continues after the release.
-And then this is what Ingo Molnar (a well known linux kernel
+And then this is what Ingo Molnar (a well known Linux kernel
developer) says about his use of git bisect:
_____________
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
index f986c5c..4cb52a7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ $ git bisect visualize
`view` may also be used as a synonym for `visualize`.
If the 'DISPLAY' environment variable is not set, 'git log' is used
-instead. You can also give command line options such as `-p` and
+instead. You can also give command-line options such as `-p` and
`--stat`.
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-blame.txt b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
index 9f23a86..e6e947c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-blame.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
@@ -76,6 +76,8 @@ include::blame-options.txt[]
-e::
--show-email::
Show the author email instead of author name (Default: off).
+ This can also be controlled via the `blame.showEmail` config
+ option.
-w::
Ignore whitespace when comparing the parent's version and
diff --git a/Documentation/git-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
index 311b336..359619b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ When a local branch is started off a remote-tracking branch, Git sets up the
branch (specifically the `branch.<name>.remote` and `branch.<name>.merge`
configuration entries) so that 'git pull' will appropriately merge from
the remote-tracking branch. This behavior may be changed via the global
-`branch.autosetupmerge` configuration flag. That setting can be
+`branch.autoSetupMerge` configuration flag. That setting can be
overridden by using the `--track` and `--no-track` options, and
changed later using `git branch --set-upstream-to`.
@@ -166,14 +166,14 @@ This option is only applicable in non-verbose mode.
upstream when the new branch is checked out.
+
This behavior is the default when the start point is a remote-tracking branch.
-Set the branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable to `false` if you
+Set the branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable to `false` if you
want `git checkout` and `git branch` to always behave as if '--no-track'
were given. Set it to `always` if you want this behavior when the
start-point is either a local or remote-tracking branch.
--no-track::
Do not set up "upstream" configuration, even if the
- branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable is true.
+ branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable is true.
--set-upstream::
If specified branch does not exist yet or if `--force` has been
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
index f6a16f4..319ab4c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@ git-cat-file - Provide content or type and size information for repository objec
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git cat-file' (-t | -s | -e | -p | <type> | --textconv ) <object>
-'git cat-file' (--batch | --batch-check) < <list-of-objects>
+'git cat-file' (-t [--allow-unknown-type]| -s [--allow-unknown-type]| -e | -p | <type> | --textconv ) <object>
+'git cat-file' (--batch | --batch-check) [--follow-symlinks] < <list-of-objects>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -69,6 +69,65 @@ OPTIONS
not be combined with any other options or arguments. See the
section `BATCH OUTPUT` below for details.
+--allow-unknown-type::
+ Allow -s or -t to query broken/corrupt objects of unknown type.
+
+--follow-symlinks::
+ With --batch or --batch-check, follow symlinks inside the
+ repository when requesting objects with extended SHA-1
+ expressions of the form tree-ish:path-in-tree. Instead of
+ providing output about the link itself, provide output about
+ the linked-to object. If a symlink points outside the
+ tree-ish (e.g. a link to /foo or a root-level link to ../foo),
+ the portion of the link which is outside the tree will be
+ printed.
++
+This option does not (currently) work correctly when an object in the
+index is specified (e.g. `:link` instead of `HEAD:link`) rather than
+one in the tree.
++
+This option cannot (currently) be used unless `--batch` or
+`--batch-check` is used.
++
+For example, consider a git repository containing:
++
+--
+ f: a file containing "hello\n"
+ link: a symlink to f
+ dir/link: a symlink to ../f
+ plink: a symlink to ../f
+ alink: a symlink to /etc/passwd
+--
++
+For a regular file `f`, `echo HEAD:f | git cat-file --batch` would print
++
+--
+ ce013625030ba8dba906f756967f9e9ca394464a blob 6
+--
++
+And `echo HEAD:link | git cat-file --batch --follow-symlinks` would
+print the same thing, as would `HEAD:dir/link`, as they both point at
+`HEAD:f`.
++
+Without `--follow-symlinks`, these would print data about the symlink
+itself. In the case of `HEAD:link`, you would see
++
+--
+ 4d1ae35ba2c8ec712fa2a379db44ad639ca277bd blob 1
+--
++
+Both `plink` and `alink` point outside the tree, so they would
+respectively print:
++
+--
+ symlink 4
+ ../f
+
+ symlink 11
+ /etc/passwd
+--
+
+
OUTPUT
------
If '-t' is specified, one of the <type>.
@@ -148,6 +207,47 @@ the repository, then `cat-file` will ignore any custom format and print:
<object> SP missing LF
------------
+If --follow-symlinks is used, and a symlink in the repository points
+outside the repository, then `cat-file` will ignore any custom format
+and print:
+
+------------
+symlink SP <size> LF
+<symlink> LF
+------------
+
+The symlink will either be absolute (beginning with a /), or relative
+to the tree root. For instance, if dir/link points to ../../foo, then
+<symlink> will be ../foo. <size> is the size of the symlink in bytes.
+
+If --follow-symlinks is used, the following error messages will be
+displayed:
+
+------------
+<object> SP missing LF
+------------
+is printed when the initial symlink requested does not exist.
+
+------------
+dangling SP <size> LF
+<object> LF
+------------
+is printed when the initial symlink exists, but something that
+it (transitive-of) points to does not.
+
+------------
+loop SP <size> LF
+<object> LF
+------------
+is printed for symlink loops (or any symlinks that
+require more than 40 link resolutions to resolve).
+
+------------
+notdir SP <size> LF
+<object> LF
+------------
+is printed when, during symlink resolution, a file is used as a
+directory name.
CAVEATS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt b/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
index ee2e091..e35cd04 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
@@ -21,6 +21,9 @@ the exclude mechanism) that decides if the pathname is excluded or
included. Later patterns within a file take precedence over earlier
ones.
+By default, tracked files are not shown at all since they are not
+subject to exclude rules; but see `--no-index'.
+
OPTIONS
-------
-q, --quiet::
@@ -69,7 +72,7 @@ matching pattern, <source> is the pattern's source file, and <linenum>
is the line number of the pattern within that source. If the pattern
contained a `!` prefix or `/` suffix, it will be preserved in the
output. <source> will be an absolute path when referring to the file
-configured by `core.excludesfile`, or relative to the repository root
+configured by `core.excludesFile`, or relative to the repository root
when referring to `.git/info/exclude` or a per-directory exclude file.
If `-z` is specified, the pathnames in the output are delimited by the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
index 33ad2ad..d263a56 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ explicitly give a name with '-b' in such a case.
--no-track::
Do not set up "upstream" configuration, even if the
- branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable is true.
+ branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable is true.
-l::
Create the new branch's reflog; see linkgit:git-branch[1] for
@@ -210,7 +210,7 @@ the conflicted merge in the specified paths.
--conflict=<style>::
The same as --merge option above, but changes the way the
conflicting hunks are presented, overriding the
- merge.conflictstyle configuration variable. Possible values are
+ merge.conflictStyle configuration variable. Possible values are
"merge" (default) and "diff3" (in addition to what is shown by
"merge" style, shows the original contents).
@@ -225,6 +225,19 @@ This means that you can use `git checkout -p` to selectively discard
edits from your current working tree. See the ``Interactive Mode''
section of linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate the `--patch` mode.
+--to=<path>::
+ Check out a branch in a separate working directory at
+ `<path>`. A new working directory is linked to the current
+ repository, sharing everything except working directory
+ specific files such as HEAD, index... See "MULTIPLE WORKING
+ TREES" section for more information.
+
+--ignore-other-worktrees::
+ `git checkout` refuses when the wanted ref is already checked
+ out by another worktree. This option makes it check the ref
+ out anyway. In other words, the ref can be held by more than one
+ worktree.
+
<branch>::
Branch to checkout; if it refers to a branch (i.e., a name that,
when prepended with "refs/heads/", is a valid ref), then that
@@ -388,6 +401,71 @@ $ git reflog -2 HEAD # or
$ git log -g -2 HEAD
------------
+MULTIPLE WORKING TREES
+----------------------
+
+A git repository can support multiple working trees, allowing you to check
+out more than one branch at a time. With `git checkout --to` a new working
+tree is associated with the repository. This new working tree is called a
+"linked working tree" as opposed to the "main working tree" prepared by "git
+init" or "git clone". A repository has one main working tree (if it's not a
+bare repository) and zero or more linked working trees.
+
+Each linked working tree has a private sub-directory in the repository's
+$GIT_DIR/worktrees directory. The private sub-directory's name is usually
+the base name of the linked working tree's path, possibly appended with a
+number to make it unique. For example, when `$GIT_DIR=/path/main/.git` the
+command `git checkout --to /path/other/test-next next` creates the linked
+working tree in `/path/other/test-next` and also creates a
+`$GIT_DIR/worktrees/test-next` directory (or `$GIT_DIR/worktrees/test-next1`
+if `test-next` is already taken).
+
+Within a linked working tree, $GIT_DIR is set to point to this private
+directory (e.g. `/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next` in the example) and
+$GIT_COMMON_DIR is set to point back to the main working tree's $GIT_DIR
+(e.g. `/path/main/.git`). These settings are made in a `.git` file located at
+the top directory of the linked working tree.
+
+Path resolution via `git rev-parse --git-path` uses either
+$GIT_DIR or $GIT_COMMON_DIR depending on the path. For example, in the
+linked working tree `git rev-parse --git-path HEAD` returns
+`/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next/HEAD` (not
+`/path/other/test-next/.git/HEAD` or `/path/main/.git/HEAD`) while `git
+rev-parse --git-path refs/heads/master` uses
+$GIT_COMMON_DIR and returns `/path/main/.git/refs/heads/master`,
+since refs are shared across all working trees.
+
+See linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5] for more information. The rule of
+thumb is do not make any assumption about whether a path belongs to
+$GIT_DIR or $GIT_COMMON_DIR when you need to directly access something
+inside $GIT_DIR. Use `git rev-parse --git-path` to get the final path.
+
+When you are done with a linked working tree you can simply delete it.
+The working tree's entry in the repository's $GIT_DIR/worktrees
+directory will eventually be removed automatically (see
+`gc.pruneworktreesexpire` in linkgit::git-config[1]), or you can run
+`git prune --worktrees` in the main or any linked working tree to
+clean up any stale entries in $GIT_DIR/worktrees.
+
+If you move a linked working directory to another file system, or
+within a file system that does not support hard links, you need to run
+at least one git command inside the linked working directory
+(e.g. `git status`) in order to update its entry in $GIT_DIR/worktrees
+so that it does not get automatically removed.
+
+To prevent a $GIT_DIR/worktrees entry from from being pruned (which
+can be useful in some situations, such as when the
+entry's working tree is stored on a portable device), add a file named
+'locked' to the entry's directory. The file contains the reason in
+plain text. For example, if a linked working tree's `.git` file points
+to `/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next` then a file named
+`/path/main/.git/worktrees/test-next/locked` will prevent the
+`test-next` entry from being pruned. See
+linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5] for details.
+
+Multiple checkout support for submodules is incomplete. It is NOT
+recommended to make multiple checkouts of a superproject.
+
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
index 1c03c79..1147c71 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
@@ -131,7 +131,8 @@ effect to your index in a row.
--keep-redundant-commits::
If a commit being cherry picked duplicates a commit already in the
current history, it will become empty. By default these
- redundant commits are ignored. This option overrides that behavior and
+ redundant commits cause `cherry-pick` to stop so the user can
+ examine the commit. This option overrides that behavior and
creates an empty commit object. Implies `--allow-empty`.
--strategy=<strategy>::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clean.txt b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
index 8997922..641681f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clean.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
@@ -34,8 +34,12 @@ OPTIONS
-f::
--force::
If the Git configuration variable clean.requireForce is not set
- to false, 'git clean' will refuse to run unless given -f, -n or
- -i.
+ to false, 'git clean' will refuse to delete files or directories
+ unless given -f, -n or -i. Git will refuse to delete directories
+ with .git sub directory or file unless a second -f
+ is given. This affects also git submodules where the storage area
+ of the removed submodule under .git/modules/ is not removed until
+ -f is given twice.
-i::
--interactive::
@@ -98,7 +102,7 @@ clean::
filter by pattern::
This shows the files and directories to be deleted and issues an
- "Input ignore patterns>>" prompt. You can input space-seperated
+ "Input ignore patterns>>" prompt. You can input space-separated
patterns to exclude files and directories from deletion.
E.g. "*.c *.h" will excludes files end with ".c" and ".h" from
deletion. When you are satisfied with the filtered result, press
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clone.txt b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
index 0363d00..f1f2a3f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clone.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git clone' [--template=<template_directory>]
[-l] [-s] [--no-hardlinks] [-q] [-n] [--bare] [--mirror]
[-o <name>] [-b <name>] [-u <upload-pack>] [--reference <repository>]
- [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
+ [--dissociate] [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
[--depth <depth>] [--[no-]single-branch]
[--recursive | --recurse-submodules] [--] <repository>
[<directory>]
@@ -98,7 +98,14 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
require fewer objects to be copied from the repository
being cloned, reducing network and local storage costs.
+
-*NOTE*: see the NOTE for the `--shared` option.
+*NOTE*: see the NOTE for the `--shared` option, and also the
+`--dissociate` option.
+
+--dissociate::
+ Borrow the objects from reference repositories specified
+ with the `--reference` options only to reduce network
+ transfer and stop borrowing from them after a clone is made
+ by making necessary local copies of borrowed objects.
--quiet::
-q::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
index a469eab..f5f2a8d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ OPTIONS
GPG-sign commit.
--no-gpg-sign::
- Countermand `commit.gpgsign` configuration variable that is
+ Countermand `commit.gpgSign` configuration variable that is
set to force each and every commit to be signed.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
index 0bbc8f5..904dafa 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@ OPTIONS
--reset-author::
When used with -C/-c/--amend options, or when committing after a
a conflicting cherry-pick, declare that the authorship of the
- resulting commit now belongs of the committer. This also renews
+ resulting commit now belongs to the committer. This also renews
the author timestamp.
--short::
@@ -180,8 +180,8 @@ OPTIONS
+
--
strip::
- Strip leading and trailing empty lines, trailing whitespace, and
- #commentary and collapse consecutive empty lines.
+ Strip leading and trailing empty lines, trailing whitespace,
+ commentary and collapse consecutive empty lines.
whitespace::
Same as `strip` except #commentary is not removed.
verbatim::
@@ -250,9 +250,10 @@ FROM UPSTREAM REBASE" section in linkgit:git-rebase[1].)
-o::
--only::
- Make a commit only from the paths specified on the
+ Make a commit by taking the updated working tree contents
+ of the paths specified on the
command line, disregarding any contents that have been
- staged so far. This is the default mode of operation of
+ staged for other paths. This is the default mode of operation of
'git commit' if any paths are given on the command line,
in which case this option can be omitted.
If this option is specified together with '--amend', then
@@ -281,8 +282,15 @@ configuration variable documented in linkgit:git-config[1].
--verbose::
Show unified diff between the HEAD commit and what
would be committed at the bottom of the commit message
- template. Note that this diff output doesn't have its
- lines prefixed with '#'.
+ template to help the user describe the commit by reminding
+ what changes the commit has.
+ Note that this diff output doesn't have its
+ lines prefixed with '#'. This diff will not be a part
+ of the commit message.
++
+If specified twice, show in addition the unified diff between
+what would be committed and the worktree files, i.e. the unstaged
+changes to tracked files.
-q::
--quiet::
@@ -309,7 +317,7 @@ configuration variable documented in linkgit:git-config[1].
GPG-sign commit.
--no-gpg-sign::
- Countermand `commit.gpgsign` configuration variable that is
+ Countermand `commit.gpgSign` configuration variable that is
set to force each and every commit to be signed.
\--::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-config.txt b/Documentation/git-config.txt
index e9917b8..02ec096 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-config.txt
@@ -256,7 +256,7 @@ All writing options will per default write to the repository specific
configuration file. Note that this also affects options like '--replace-all'
and '--unset'. *'git config' will only ever change one file at a time*.
-You can override these rules either by command line options or by environment
+You can override these rules either by command-line options or by environment
variables. The '--global' and the '--system' options will limit the file used
to the global or system-wide file respectively. The GIT_CONFIG environment
variable has a similar effect, but you can specify any filename you want.
@@ -405,7 +405,7 @@ true
% git config --bool --get-urlmatch http.sslverify https://weak.example.com
false
% git config --get-urlmatch http https://weak.example.com
-http.cookiefile /tmp/cookie.txt
+http.cookieFile /tmp/cookie.txt
http.sslverify false
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential-cache--daemon.txt b/Documentation/git-credential-cache--daemon.txt
index d15db42..7051c6b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-credential-cache--daemon.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential-cache--daemon.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-credential-cache--daemon - Temporarily store user credentials in memory
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-git credential-cache--daemon <socket>
+git credential-cache--daemon [--debug] <socket>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -21,6 +21,10 @@ for `git-credential-cache` clients. Clients may store and retrieve
credentials. Each credential is held for a timeout specified by the
client; once no credentials are held, the daemon exits.
+If the `--debug` option is specified, the daemon does not close its
+stderr stream, and may output extra diagnostics to it even after it has
+begun listening for clients.
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
index 8481cae..e3c8f27 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
@@ -29,12 +29,43 @@ linkgit:gitcredentials[7] or `EXAMPLES` below.
OPTIONS
-------
---store=<path>::
+--file=<path>::
- Use `<path>` to store credentials. The file will have its
+ Use `<path>` to lookup and store credentials. The file will have its
filesystem permissions set to prevent other users on the system
from reading it, but will not be encrypted or otherwise
- protected. Defaults to `~/.git-credentials`.
+ protected. If not specified, credentials will be searched for from
+ `~/.git-credentials` and `$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/credentials`, and
+ credentials will be written to `~/.git-credentials` if it exists, or
+ `$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/credentials` if it exists and the former does
+ not. See also <<FILES>>.
+
+[[FILES]]
+FILES
+-----
+
+If not set explicitly with '--file', there are two files where
+git-credential-store will search for credentials in order of precedence:
+
+~/.git-credentials::
+ User-specific credentials file.
+
+$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/credentials::
+ Second user-specific credentials file. If '$XDG_CONFIG_HOME' is not set
+ or empty, `$HOME/.config/git/credentials` will be used. Any credentials
+ stored in this file will not be used if `~/.git-credentials` has a
+ matching credential as well. It is a good idea not to create this file
+ if you sometimes use older versions of Git that do not support it.
+
+For credential lookups, the files are read in the order given above, with the
+first matching credential found taking precedence over credentials found in
+files further down the list.
+
+Credential storage will by default write to the first existing file in the
+list. If none of these files exist, `~/.git-credentials` will be created and
+written to.
+
+When erasing credentials, matching credentials will be erased from all files.
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
index 260f39f..00a0679 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
@@ -219,7 +219,7 @@ Problems related to tags:
* Multiple tags on the same revision are not imported.
If you suspect that any of these issues may apply to the repository you
-want to imort, consider using cvs2git:
+want to import, consider using cvs2git:
* cvs2git (part of cvs2svn), `http://subversion.apache.org/`
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
index 472f5cb..db4d7a9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
@@ -110,7 +110,7 @@ to allow writes to, for example:
authdb = /etc/cvsserver/passwd
------
-The format of these files is username followed by the crypted password,
+The format of these files is username followed by the encrypted password,
for example:
------
@@ -154,7 +154,7 @@ with CVS_SERVER (and shouldn't) as 'git-shell' understands `cvs` to mean
[gitcvs]
enabled=1
# optional for debugging
- logfile=/path/to/logfile
+ logFile=/path/to/logfile
------
Note: you need to ensure each user that is going to invoke 'git-cvsserver' has
@@ -254,14 +254,14 @@ Configuring database backend
its documentation if changing these variables, especially
about `DBI->connect()`.
-gitcvs.dbname::
+gitcvs.dbName::
Database name. The exact meaning depends on the
selected database driver, for SQLite this is a filename.
Supports variable substitution (see below). May
not contain semicolons (`;`).
Default: '%Ggitcvs.%m.sqlite'
-gitcvs.dbdriver::
+gitcvs.dbDriver::
Used DBI driver. You can specify any available driver
for this here, but it might not work. cvsserver is tested
with 'DBD::SQLite', reported to work with
@@ -271,12 +271,12 @@ gitcvs.dbdriver::
Default: 'SQLite'
gitcvs.dbuser::
- Database user. Only useful if setting `dbdriver`, since
+ Database user. Only useful if setting `dbDriver`, since
SQLite has no concept of database users. Supports variable
substitution (see below).
-gitcvs.dbpass::
- Database password. Only useful if setting `dbdriver`, since
+gitcvs.dbPass::
+ Database password. Only useful if setting `dbDriver`, since
SQLite has no concept of database passwords.
gitcvs.dbTableNamePrefix::
@@ -288,7 +288,7 @@ All variables can also be set per access method, see <<configaccessmethod,above>
Variable substitution
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
-In `dbdriver` and `dbuser` you can use the following variables:
+In `dbDriver` and `dbUser` you can use the following variables:
%G::
Git directory name
@@ -413,16 +413,16 @@ about end-of-line conversion.
Alternatively, if `gitcvs.usecrlfattr` config is not enabled
or the attributes do not allow automatic detection for a filename, then
-the server uses the `gitcvs.allbinary` config for the default setting.
-If `gitcvs.allbinary` is set, then file not otherwise
+the server uses the `gitcvs.allBinary` config for the default setting.
+If `gitcvs.allBinary` is set, then file not otherwise
specified will default to '-kb' mode. Otherwise the '-k' mode
-is left blank. But if `gitcvs.allbinary` is set to "guess", then
+is left blank. But if `gitcvs.allBinary` is set to "guess", then
the correct '-k' mode will be guessed based on the contents of
the file.
For best consistency with 'cvs', it is probably best to override the
defaults by setting `gitcvs.usecrlfattr` to true,
-and `gitcvs.allbinary` to "guess".
+and `gitcvs.allBinary` to "guess".
Dependencies
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
index 223f731..a69b361 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
@@ -169,7 +169,7 @@ Git configuration files in that directory are readable by `<user>`.
--forbid-override=<service>::
Allow/forbid overriding the site-wide default with per
repository configuration. By default, all the services
- are overridable.
+ may be overridden.
--[no-]informative-errors::
When informative errors are turned on, git-daemon will report
@@ -184,7 +184,7 @@ Git configuration files in that directory are readable by `<user>`.
Every time a client connects, first run an external command
specified by the <path> with service name (e.g. "upload-pack"),
path to the repository, hostname (%H), canonical hostname
- (%CH), ip address (%IP), and tcp port (%P) as its command line
+ (%CH), IP address (%IP), and TCP port (%P) as its command-line
arguments. The external command can decide to decline the
service by exiting with a non-zero status (or to allow it by
exiting with a zero status). It can also look at the $REMOTE_ADDR
@@ -204,7 +204,7 @@ SERVICES
--------
These services can be globally enabled/disabled using the
-command line options of this command. If a finer-grained
+command-line options of this command. If finer-grained
control is desired (e.g. to allow 'git archive' to be run
against only in a few selected repositories the daemon serves),
the per-repository configuration file can be used to enable or
diff --git a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
index 11887e6..333cf6f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
@@ -91,6 +91,15 @@ instead. `--no-symlinks` is the default on Windows.
the default diff tool will be read from the configured
`diff.guitool` variable instead of `diff.tool`.
+--[no-]trust-exit-code::
+ 'git-difftool' invokes a diff tool individually on each file.
+ Errors reported by the diff tool are ignored by default.
+ Use `--trust-exit-code` to make 'git-difftool' exit when an
+ invoked diff tool returns a non-zero exit code.
++
+'git-difftool' will forward the exit code of the invoked tool when
+'--trust-exit-code' is used.
+
See linkgit:git-diff[1] for the full list of supported options.
CONFIG VARIABLES
@@ -116,6 +125,11 @@ See the `--tool=<tool>` option above for more details.
difftool.prompt::
Prompt before each invocation of the diff tool.
+difftool.trustExitCode::
+ Exit difftool if the invoked diff tool returns a non-zero exit status.
++
+See the `--trust-exit-code` option above for more details.
+
SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:git-diff[1]::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
index 85f1f30..ed57c68 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
@@ -67,17 +67,17 @@ produced incorrect results if you gave these options.
have been completed, or to save the marks table across
incremental runs. As <file> is only opened and truncated
at completion, the same path can also be safely given to
- \--import-marks.
+ --import-marks.
The file will not be written if no new object has been
marked/exported.
--import-marks=<file>::
Before processing any input, load the marks specified in
<file>. The input file must exist, must be readable, and
- must use the same format as produced by \--export-marks.
+ must use the same format as produced by --export-marks.
+
Any commits that have already been marked will not be exported again.
-If the backend uses a similar \--import-marks file, this allows for
+If the backend uses a similar --import-marks file, this allows for
incremental bidirectional exporting of the repository by keeping the
marks the same across runs.
@@ -105,6 +105,15 @@ marks the same across runs.
in the commit (as opposed to just listing the files which are
different from the commit's first parent).
+--anonymize::
+ Anonymize the contents of the repository while still retaining
+ the shape of the history and stored tree. See the section on
+ `ANONYMIZING` below.
+
+--refspec::
+ Apply the specified refspec to each ref exported. Multiple of them can
+ be specified.
+
[<git-rev-list-args>...]::
A list of arguments, acceptable to 'git rev-parse' and
'git rev-list', that specifies the specific objects and references
@@ -137,6 +146,62 @@ referenced by that revision range contains the string
'refs/heads/master'.
+ANONYMIZING
+-----------
+
+If the `--anonymize` option is given, git will attempt to remove all
+identifying information from the repository while still retaining enough
+of the original tree and history patterns to reproduce some bugs. The
+goal is that a git bug which is found on a private repository will
+persist in the anonymized repository, and the latter can be shared with
+git developers to help solve the bug.
+
+With this option, git will replace all refnames, paths, blob contents,
+commit and tag messages, names, and email addresses in the output with
+anonymized data. Two instances of the same string will be replaced
+equivalently (e.g., two commits with the same author will have the same
+anonymized author in the output, but bear no resemblance to the original
+author string). The relationship between commits, branches, and tags is
+retained, as well as the commit timestamps (but the commit messages and
+refnames bear no resemblance to the originals). The relative makeup of
+the tree is retained (e.g., if you have a root tree with 10 files and 3
+trees, so will the output), but their names and the contents of the
+files will be replaced.
+
+If you think you have found a git bug, you can start by exporting an
+anonymized stream of the whole repository:
+
+---------------------------------------------------
+$ git fast-export --anonymize --all >anon-stream
+---------------------------------------------------
+
+Then confirm that the bug persists in a repository created from that
+stream (many bugs will not, as they really do depend on the exact
+repository contents):
+
+---------------------------------------------------
+$ git init anon-repo
+$ cd anon-repo
+$ git fast-import <../anon-stream
+$ ... test your bug ...
+---------------------------------------------------
+
+If the anonymized repository shows the bug, it may be worth sharing
+`anon-stream` along with a regular bug report. Note that the anonymized
+stream compresses very well, so gzipping it is encouraged. If you want
+to examine the stream to see that it does not contain any private data,
+you can peruse it directly before sending. You may also want to try:
+
+---------------------------------------------------
+$ perl -pe 's/\d+/X/g' <anon-stream | sort -u | less
+---------------------------------------------------
+
+which shows all of the unique lines (with numbers converted to "X", to
+collapse "User 0", "User 1", etc into "User X"). This produces a much
+smaller output, and it is usually easy to quickly confirm that there is
+no private data in the stream.
+
+
Limitations
-----------
@@ -144,6 +209,10 @@ Since 'git fast-import' cannot tag trees, you will not be
able to export the linux.git repository completely, as it contains
a tag referencing a tree instead of a commit.
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:git-fast-import[1]
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
index fd22a9a..fd32895 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
@@ -42,13 +42,13 @@ OPTIONS
--quiet::
Disable all non-fatal output, making fast-import silent when it
is successful. This option disables the output shown by
- \--stats.
+ --stats.
--stats::
Display some basic statistics about the objects fast-import has
created, the packfiles they were stored into, and the
memory used by fast-import during this run. Showing this output
- is currently the default, but can be disabled with \--quiet.
+ is currently the default, but can be disabled with --quiet.
Options for Frontends
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -81,12 +81,12 @@ Locations of Marks Files
have been completed, or to save the marks table across
incremental runs. As <file> is only opened and truncated
at checkpoint (or completion) the same path can also be
- safely given to \--import-marks.
+ safely given to --import-marks.
--import-marks=<file>::
Before processing any input, load the marks specified in
<file>. The input file must exist, must be readable, and
- must use the same format as produced by \--export-marks.
+ must use the same format as produced by --export-marks.
Multiple options may be supplied to import more than one
set of marks. If a mark is defined to different values,
the last file wins.
@@ -179,8 +179,8 @@ fast-forward update, fast-import will skip updating that ref and instead
prints a warning message. fast-import will always attempt to update all
branch refs, and does not stop on the first failure.
-Branch updates can be forced with \--force, but it's recommended that
-this only be used on an otherwise quiet repository. Using \--force
+Branch updates can be forced with --force, but it's recommended that
+this only be used on an otherwise quiet repository. Using --force
is not necessary for an initial import into an empty repository.
@@ -231,11 +231,11 @@ Date Formats
~~~~~~~~~~~~
The following date formats are supported. A frontend should select
the format it will use for this import by passing the format name
-in the \--date-format=<fmt> command line option.
+in the --date-format=<fmt> command-line option.
`raw`::
This is the Git native format and is `<time> SP <offutc>`.
- It is also fast-import's default format, if \--date-format was
+ It is also fast-import's default format, if --date-format was
not specified.
+
The time of the event is specified by `<time>` as the number of
@@ -348,7 +348,7 @@ and control the current import process. More detailed discussion
`done`::
Marks the end of the stream. This command is optional
unless the `done` feature was requested using the
- `--done` command line option or `feature done` command.
+ `--done` command-line option or `feature done` command.
`cat-blob`::
Causes fast-import to print a blob in 'cat-file --batch'
@@ -437,7 +437,7 @@ the email address from the other fields in the line. Note that
of bytes, except `LT`, `GT` and `LF`. `<name>` is typically UTF-8 encoded.
The time of the change is specified by `<when>` using the date format
-that was selected by the \--date-format=<fmt> command line option.
+that was selected by the --date-format=<fmt> command-line option.
See ``Date Formats'' above for the set of supported formats, and
their syntax.
@@ -483,6 +483,9 @@ Marks must be declared (via `mark`) before they can be used.
* Any valid Git SHA-1 expression that resolves to a commit. See
``SPECIFYING REVISIONS'' in linkgit:gitrevisions[7] for details.
+* The special null SHA-1 (40 zeros) specifies that the branch is to be
+ removed.
+
The special case of restarting an incremental import from the
current branch value should be written as:
----
@@ -504,10 +507,6 @@ omitted when creating a new branch, the first `merge` commit will be
the first ancestor of the current commit, and the branch will start
out with no files. An unlimited number of `merge` commands per
commit are permitted by fast-import, thereby establishing an n-way merge.
-However Git's other tools never create commits with more than 15
-additional ancestors (forming a 16-way merge). For this reason
-it is suggested that frontends do not use more than 15 `merge`
-commands per commit; 16, if starting a new, empty branch.
Here `<commit-ish>` is any of the commit specification expressions
also accepted by `from` (see above).
@@ -601,7 +600,7 @@ be removed from the branch.
See `filemodify` above for a detailed description of `<path>`.
`filecopy`
-^^^^^^^^^^^^
+^^^^^^^^^^
Recursively copies an existing file or subdirectory to a different
location within the branch. The existing file or directory must
exist. If the destination exists it will be completely replaced
@@ -889,7 +888,7 @@ save out all current branch refs, tags and marks.
....
Note that fast-import automatically switches packfiles when the current
-packfile reaches \--max-pack-size, or 4 GiB, whichever limit is
+packfile reaches --max-pack-size, or 4 GiB, whichever limit is
smaller. During an automatic packfile switch fast-import does not update
the branch refs, tags or marks.
@@ -1085,7 +1084,7 @@ Option commands must be the first commands on the input (not counting
feature commands), to give an option command after any non-option
command is an error.
-The following commandline options change import semantics and may therefore
+The following command-line options change import semantics and may therefore
not be passed as option:
* date-format
@@ -1099,7 +1098,7 @@ not be passed as option:
If the `done` feature is not in use, treated as if EOF was read.
This can be used to tell fast-import to finish early.
-If the `--done` command line option or `feature done` command is
+If the `--done` command-line option or `feature done` command is
in use, the `done` command is mandatory and marks the end of the
stream.
@@ -1227,7 +1226,7 @@ users of fast-import, and are offered here as suggestions.
Use One Mark Per Commit
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
When doing a repository conversion, use a unique mark per commit
-(`mark :<n>`) and supply the \--export-marks option on the command
+(`mark :<n>`) and supply the --export-marks option on the command
line. fast-import will dump a file which lists every mark and the Git
object SHA-1 that corresponds to it. If the frontend can tie
the marks back to the source repository, it is easy to verify the
@@ -1292,7 +1291,7 @@ even for considerably large projects (100,000+ commits).
However repacking the repository is necessary to improve data
locality and access performance. It can also take hours on extremely
-large projects (especially if -f and a large \--window parameter is
+large projects (especially if -f and a large --window parameter is
used). Since repacking is safe to run alongside readers and writers,
run the repack in the background and let it finish when it finishes.
There is no reason to wait to explore your new Git project!
@@ -1306,7 +1305,7 @@ Repacking Historical Data
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
If you are repacking very old imported data (e.g. older than the
last year), consider expending some extra CPU time and supplying
-\--window=50 (or higher) when you run 'git repack'.
+--window=50 (or higher) when you run 'git repack'.
This will take longer, but will also produce a smaller packfile.
You only need to expend the effort once, and everyone using your
project will benefit from the smaller repository.
@@ -1408,7 +1407,7 @@ branch, their in-memory storage size can grow to a considerable size
fast-import automatically moves active branches to inactive status based on
a simple least-recently-used algorithm. The LRU chain is updated on
each `commit` command. The maximum number of active branches can be
-increased or decreased on the command line with \--active-branches=.
+increased or decreased on the command line with --active-branches=.
per active tree
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -1438,6 +1437,10 @@ operator can use this facility to peek at the objects and refs from an
import in progress, at the cost of some added running time and worse
compression.
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:git-fast-export[1]
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
index 93b5067..8680f45 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ be in a separate packet, and the list must end with a flush packet.
the things up in .bash_profile).
--exec=<git-upload-pack>::
- Same as \--upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>.
+ Same as --upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>.
--depth=<n>::
Limit fetching to ancestor-chains not longer than n.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
index 5809aa4..e62d9a0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
@@ -17,22 +17,20 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Fetches named heads or tags from one or more other repositories,
-along with the objects necessary to complete them.
+Fetch branches and/or tags (collectively, "refs") from one or more
+other repositories, along with the objects necessary to complete their
+histories. Remote-tracking branches are updated (see the description
+of <refspec> below for ways to control this behavior).
-The ref names and their object names of fetched refs are stored
-in `.git/FETCH_HEAD`. This information is left for a later merge
-operation done by 'git merge'.
-
-By default, tags are auto-followed. This means that when fetching
-from a remote, any tags on the remote that point to objects that exist
-in the local repository are fetched. The effect is to fetch tags that
+By default, any tag that points into the histories being fetched is
+also fetched; the effect is to fetch tags that
point at branches that you are interested in. This default behavior
-can be changed by using the --tags or --no-tags options, by
-configuring remote.<name>.tagopt, or by using a refspec that fetches
-tags explicitly.
+can be changed by using the --tags or --no-tags options or by
+configuring remote.<name>.tagOpt. By using a refspec that fetches tags
+explicitly, you can fetch tags that do not point into branches you
+are interested in as well.
-'git fetch' can fetch from either a single named repository,
+'git fetch' can fetch from either a single named repository or URL,
or from several repositories at once if <group> is given and
there is a remotes.<group> entry in the configuration file.
(See linkgit:git-config[1]).
@@ -40,6 +38,10 @@ there is a remotes.<group> entry in the configuration file.
When no remote is specified, by default the `origin` remote will be used,
unless there's an upstream branch configured for the current branch.
+The names of refs that are fetched, together with the object names
+they point at, are written to `.git/FETCH_HEAD`. This information
+may be used by scripts or other git commands, such as linkgit:git-pull[1].
+
OPTIONS
-------
include::fetch-options.txt[]
@@ -49,6 +51,55 @@ include::pull-fetch-param.txt[]
include::urls-remotes.txt[]
+CONFIGURED REMOTE-TRACKING BRANCHES[[CRTB]]
+-------------------------------------------
+
+You often interact with the same remote repository by
+regularly and repeatedly fetching from it. In order to keep track
+of the progress of such a remote repository, `git fetch` allows you
+to configure `remote.<repository>.fetch` configuration variables.
+
+Typically such a variable may look like this:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+[remote "origin"]
+ fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
+------------------------------------------------
+
+This configuration is used in two ways:
+
+* When `git fetch` is run without specifying what branches
+ and/or tags to fetch on the command line, e.g. `git fetch origin`
+ or `git fetch`, `remote.<repository>.fetch` values are used as
+ the refspecs---they specify which refs to fetch and which local refs
+ to update. The example above will fetch
+ all branches that exist in the `origin` (i.e. any ref that matches
+ the left-hand side of the value, `refs/heads/*`) and update the
+ corresponding remote-tracking branches in the `refs/remotes/origin/*`
+ hierarchy.
+
+* When `git fetch` is run with explicit branches and/or tags
+ to fetch on the command line, e.g. `git fetch origin master`, the
+ <refspec>s given on the command line determine what are to be
+ fetched (e.g. `master` in the example,
+ which is a short-hand for `master:`, which in turn means
+ "fetch the 'master' branch but I do not explicitly say what
+ remote-tracking branch to update with it from the command line"),
+ and the example command will
+ fetch _only_ the 'master' branch. The `remote.<repository>.fetch`
+ values determine which
+ remote-tracking branch, if any, is updated. When used in this
+ way, the `remote.<repository>.fetch` values do not have any
+ effect in deciding _what_ gets fetched (i.e. the values are not
+ used as refspecs when the command-line lists refspecs); they are
+ only used to decide _where_ the refs that are fetched are stored
+ by acting as a mapping.
+
+The latter use of the `remote.<repository>.fetch` values can be
+overridden by giving the `--refmap=<refspec>` parameter(s) on the
+command line.
+
+
EXAMPLES
--------
@@ -76,6 +127,19 @@ the local repository by fetching from the branches (respectively)
The `pu` branch will be updated even if it is does not fast-forward,
because it is prefixed with a plus sign; `tmp` will not be.
+* Peek at a remote's branch, without configuring the remote in your local
+repository:
++
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git fetch git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git maint
+$ git log FETCH_HEAD
+------------------------------------------------
++
+The first command fetches the `maint` branch from the repository at
+`git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git` and the second command uses
+`FETCH_HEAD` to examine the branch with linkgit:git-log[1]. The fetched
+objects will eventually be removed by git's built-in housekeeping (see
+linkgit:git-gc[1]).
BUGS
----
diff --git a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
index 09535f2..73fd9e8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
@@ -451,8 +451,8 @@ characteristics:
* By default The BFG takes full advantage of multi-core machines,
cleansing commit file-trees in parallel. git-filter-branch cleans
- commits sequentially (ie in a single-threaded manner), though it
- _is_ possible to write filters that include their own parallellism,
+ commits sequentially (i.e. in a single-threaded manner), though it
+ _is_ possible to write filters that include their own parallelism,
in the scripts executed against each commit.
* The http://rtyley.github.io/bfg-repo-cleaner/#examples[command options]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
index bb1232a..55a9a4b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
@@ -51,17 +51,7 @@ OPTIONS
CONFIGURATION
-------------
-
-merge.branchdesc::
- In addition to branch names, populate the log message with
- the branch description text associated with them. Defaults
- to false.
-
-merge.log::
- In addition to branch names, populate the log message with at
- most the specified number of one-line descriptions from the
- actual commits that are being merged. Defaults to false, and
- true is a synonym for 20.
+include::fmt-merge-msg-config.txt[]
merge.summary::
Synonym to `merge.log`; this is deprecated and will be removed in
diff --git a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
index 4240875..7f8d9a5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
@@ -97,6 +97,12 @@ upstream::
or "=" (in sync). Has no effect if the ref does not have
tracking information associated with it.
+push::
+ The name of a local ref which represents the `@{push}` location
+ for the displayed ref. Respects `:short`, `:track`, and
+ `:trackshort` options as `upstream` does. Produces an empty
+ string if no `@{push}` ref is configured.
+
HEAD::
'*' if HEAD matches current ref (the checked out branch), ' '
otherwise.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
index 5c0a4ab..0dac4e9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[(--attach|--inline)[=<boundary>] | --no-attach]
[-s | --signoff]
[--signature=<signature> | --no-signature]
+ [--signature-file=<file>]
[-n | --numbered | -N | --no-numbered]
[--start-number <n>] [--numbered-files]
[--in-reply-to=Message-Id] [--suffix=.<sfx>]
@@ -169,7 +170,7 @@ will want to ensure that threading is disabled for `git send-email`.
-v <n>::
--reroll-count=<n>::
Mark the series as the <n>-th iteration of the topic. The
- output filenames have `v<n>` pretended to them, and the
+ output filenames have `v<n>` prepended to them, and the
subject prefix ("PATCH" by default, but configurable via the
`--subject-prefix` option) has ` v<n>` appended to it. E.g.
`--reroll-count=4` may produce `v4-0001-add-makefile.patch`
@@ -233,6 +234,9 @@ configuration options in linkgit:git-notes[1] to use this workflow).
signature option is omitted the signature defaults to the Git version
number.
+--signature-file=<file>::
+ Works just like --signature except the signature is read from a file.
+
--suffix=.<sfx>::
Instead of using `.patch` as the suffix for generated
filenames, use specified suffix. A common alternative is
@@ -269,13 +273,13 @@ attachments, and sign off patches with configuration variables.
------------
[format]
headers = "Organization: git-foo\n"
- subjectprefix = CHANGE
+ subjectPrefix = CHANGE
suffix = .txt
numbered = auto
to = <email>
cc = <email>
attach [ = mime-boundary-string ]
- signoff = true
+ signOff = true
coverletter = auto
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-gc.txt b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
index 273c466..5223498 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-gc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
@@ -54,10 +54,10 @@ all loose objects are combined into a single pack using
`git repack -d -l`. Setting the value of `gc.auto` to 0
disables automatic packing of loose objects.
+
-If the number of packs exceeds the value of `gc.autopacklimit`,
+If the number of packs exceeds the value of `gc.autoPackLimit`,
then existing packs (except those marked with a `.keep` file)
are consolidated into a single pack by using the `-A` option of
-'git repack'. Setting `gc.autopacklimit` to 0 disables
+'git repack'. Setting `gc.autoPackLimit` to 0 disables
automatic consolidation of packs.
--prune=<date>::
@@ -101,18 +101,18 @@ branches:
------------
[gc "refs/remotes/*"]
reflogExpire = never
- reflogexpireUnreachable = 3 days
+ reflogExpireUnreachable = 3 days
------------
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereresolved' indicates
+The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereResolved' indicates
how long records of conflicted merge you resolved earlier are
kept. This defaults to 60 days.
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereunresolved' indicates
+The optional configuration variable 'gc.rerereUnresolved' indicates
how long records of conflicted merge you have not resolved are
kept. This defaults to 15 days.
-The optional configuration variable 'gc.packrefs' determines if
+The optional configuration variable 'gc.packRefs' determines if
'git gc' runs 'git pack-refs'. This can be set to "notbare" to enable
it within all non-bare repos or it can be set to a boolean value.
This defaults to true.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-grep.txt b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
index f837334..31811f1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-grep.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
@@ -53,6 +53,9 @@ grep.extendedRegexp::
option is ignored when the 'grep.patternType' option is set to a value
other than 'default'.
+grep.fullName::
+ If set to true, enable '--full-name' option by default.
+
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt b/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
index 02c1f12..0c75f3b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-hash-object - Compute object ID and optionally creates a blob from a file
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] [--path=<file>|--no-filters] [--stdin] [--] <file>...
+'git hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] [--path=<file>|--no-filters] [--stdin [--literally]] [--] <file>...
'git hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] --stdin-paths [--no-filters] < <list-of-paths>
DESCRIPTION
@@ -51,7 +51,13 @@ OPTIONS
Hash the contents as is, ignoring any input filter that would
have been chosen by the attributes mechanism, including the end-of-line
conversion. If the file is read from standard input then this
- is always implied, unless the --path option is given.
+ is always implied, unless the `--path` option is given.
+
+--literally::
+ Allow `--stdin` to hash any garbage into a loose object which might not
+ otherwise pass standard object parsing or git-fsck checks. Useful for
+ stress-testing Git itself or reproducing characteristics of corrupt or
+ bogus objects encountered in the wild.
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-help.txt b/Documentation/git-help.txt
index b21e9d7..3956525 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-help.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-help.txt
@@ -80,9 +80,9 @@ CONFIGURATION VARIABLES
help.format
~~~~~~~~~~~
-If no command line option is passed, the 'help.format' configuration
+If no command-line option is passed, the 'help.format' configuration
variable will be checked. The following values are supported for this
-variable; they make 'git help' behave as their corresponding command
+variable; they make 'git help' behave as their corresponding command-
line option:
* "man" corresponds to '-m|--man',
@@ -93,15 +93,15 @@ help.browser, web.browser and browser.<tool>.path
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The 'help.browser', 'web.browser' and 'browser.<tool>.path' will also
-be checked if the 'web' format is chosen (either by command line
+be checked if the 'web' format is chosen (either by command-line
option or configuration variable). See '-w|--web' in the OPTIONS
section above and linkgit:git-web{litdd}browse[1].
man.viewer
~~~~~~~~~~
-The 'man.viewer' config variable will be checked if the 'man' format
-is chosen. The following values are currently supported:
+The 'man.viewer' configuration variable will be checked if the 'man'
+format is chosen. The following values are currently supported:
* "man": use the 'man' program as usual,
* "woman": use 'emacsclient' to launch the "woman" mode in emacs
@@ -124,7 +124,7 @@ For example, this configuration:
viewer = woman
------------------------------------------------
-will try to use konqueror first. But this may fail (for example if
+will try to use konqueror first. But this may fail (for example, if
DISPLAY is not set) and in that case emacs' woman mode will be tried.
If everything fails, or if no viewer is configured, the viewer specified
diff --git a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
index d422ba4..9268fb6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
@@ -65,8 +65,8 @@ automatically by the web server.
EXAMPLES
--------
-All of the following examples map 'http://$hostname/git/foo/bar.git'
-to '/var/www/git/foo/bar.git'.
+All of the following examples map `http://$hostname/git/foo/bar.git`
+to `/var/www/git/foo/bar.git`.
Apache 2.x::
Ensure mod_cgi, mod_alias, and mod_env are enabled, set
@@ -255,6 +255,15 @@ The GIT_HTTP_EXPORT_ALL environmental variable may be passed to
'git-http-backend' to bypass the check for the "git-daemon-export-ok"
file in each repository before allowing export of that repository.
+The `GIT_HTTP_MAX_REQUEST_BUFFER` environment variable (or the
+`http.maxRequestBuffer` config variable) may be set to change the
+largest ref negotiation request that git will handle during a fetch; any
+fetch requiring a larger buffer will not succeed. This value should not
+normally need to be changed, but may be helpful if you are fetching from
+a repository with an extremely large number of refs. The value can be
+specified with a unit (e.g., `100M` for 100 megabytes). The default is
+10 megabytes.
+
The backend process sets GIT_COMMITTER_NAME to '$REMOTE_USER' and
GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL to '$\{REMOTE_USER}@http.$\{REMOTE_ADDR\}',
ensuring that any reflogs created by 'git-receive-pack' contain some
diff --git a/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt b/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
index 875d283..5d1e4c8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-imap-send - Send a collection of patches from stdin to an IMAP folder
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git imap-send'
+'git imap-send' [-v] [-q] [--[no-]curl]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -26,6 +26,28 @@ Typical usage is something like:
git format-patch --signoff --stdout --attach origin | git imap-send
+OPTIONS
+-------
+
+-v::
+--verbose::
+ Be verbose.
+
+-q::
+--quiet::
+ Be quiet.
+
+--curl::
+ Use libcurl to communicate with the IMAP server, unless tunneling
+ into it. Ignored if Git was built without the USE_CURL_FOR_IMAP_SEND
+ option set.
+
+--no-curl::
+ Talk to the IMAP server using git's own IMAP routines instead of
+ using libcurl. Ignored if Git was built with the NO_OPENSSL option
+ set.
+
+
CONFIGURATION
-------------
@@ -38,18 +60,17 @@ Variables
imap.folder::
The folder to drop the mails into, which is typically the Drafts
folder. For example: "INBOX.Drafts", "INBOX/Drafts" or
- "[Gmail]/Drafts". Required to use imap-send.
+ "[Gmail]/Drafts". Required.
imap.tunnel::
Command used to setup a tunnel to the IMAP server through which
commands will be piped instead of using a direct network connection
- to the server. Required when imap.host is not set to use imap-send.
+ to the server. Required when imap.host is not set.
imap.host::
A URL identifying the server. Use a `imap://` prefix for non-secure
connections and a `imaps://` prefix for secure connections.
- Ignored when imap.tunnel is set, but required to use imap-send
- otherwise.
+ Ignored when imap.tunnel is set, but required otherwise.
imap.user::
The username to use when logging in to the server.
@@ -76,7 +97,10 @@ imap.preformattedHTML::
imap.authMethod::
Specify authenticate method for authentication with IMAP server.
- Current supported method is 'CRAM-MD5' only.
+ If Git was built with the NO_CURL option, or if your curl version is older
+ than 7.34.0, or if you're running git-imap-send with the `--no-curl`
+ option, the only supported method is 'CRAM-MD5'. If this is not set
+ then 'git imap-send' uses the basic IMAP plaintext LOGIN command.
Examples
~~~~~~~~
@@ -97,7 +121,7 @@ Using direct mode:
host = imap://imap.example.com
user = bob
pass = p4ssw0rd
-..........................
+.........................
Using direct mode with SSL:
@@ -109,7 +133,7 @@ Using direct mode with SSL:
pass = p4ssw0rd
port = 123
sslverify = false
-..........................
+.........................
EXAMPLE
diff --git a/Documentation/git-init.txt b/Documentation/git-init.txt
index afd721e..8174d27 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-init.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-init.txt
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ OPTIONS
-q::
--quiet::
-Only print error and warning messages, all other output will be suppressed.
+Only print error and warning messages; all other output will be suppressed.
--bare::
@@ -57,12 +57,12 @@ DIRECTORY" section below.)
--separate-git-dir=<git dir>::
-Instead of initializing the repository where it is supposed to be,
-place a filesytem-agnostic Git symbolic link there, pointing to the
-specified path, and initialize a Git repository at the path. The
-result is Git repository can be separated from working tree. If this
-is reinitialization, the repository will be moved to the specified
-path.
+Instead of initializing the repository as a directory to either `$GIT_DIR` or
+`./.git/`, create a text file there containing the path to the actual
+repository. This file acts as filesystem-agnostic Git symbolic link to the
+repository.
++
+If this is reinitialization, the repository will be moved to the specified path.
--shared[=(false|true|umask|group|all|world|everybody|0xxx)]::
@@ -72,60 +72,65 @@ repository. When specified, the config variable "core.sharedRepository" is
set so that files and directories under `$GIT_DIR` are created with the
requested permissions. When not specified, Git will use permissions reported
by umask(2).
-
++
The option can have the following values, defaulting to 'group' if no value
is given:
++
+--
+'umask' (or 'false')::
- - 'umask' (or 'false'): Use permissions reported by umask(2). The default,
- when `--shared` is not specified.
+Use permissions reported by umask(2). The default, when `--shared` is not
+specified.
- - 'group' (or 'true'): Make the repository group-writable, (and g+sx, since
- the git group may be not the primary group of all users).
- This is used to loosen the permissions of an otherwise safe umask(2) value.
- Note that the umask still applies to the other permission bits (e.g. if
- umask is '0022', using 'group' will not remove read privileges from other
- (non-group) users). See '0xxx' for how to exactly specify the repository
- permissions.
+'group' (or 'true')::
- - 'all' (or 'world' or 'everybody'): Same as 'group', but make the repository
- readable by all users.
+Make the repository group-writable, (and g+sx, since the git group may be not
+the primary group of all users). This is used to loosen the permissions of an
+otherwise safe umask(2) value. Note that the umask still applies to the other
+permission bits (e.g. if umask is '0022', using 'group' will not remove read
+privileges from other (non-group) users). See '0xxx' for how to exactly specify
+the repository permissions.
- - '0xxx': '0xxx' is an octal number and each file will have mode '0xxx'.
- '0xxx' will override users' umask(2) value (and not only loosen permissions
- as 'group' and 'all' does). '0640' will create a repository which is
- group-readable, but not group-writable or accessible to others. '0660' will
- create a repo that is readable and writable to the current user and group,
- but inaccessible to others.
+'all' (or 'world' or 'everybody')::
-By default, the configuration flag receive.denyNonFastForwards is enabled
+Same as 'group', but make the repository readable by all users.
+
+'0xxx'::
+
+'0xxx' is an octal number and each file will have mode '0xxx'. '0xxx' will
+override users' umask(2) value (and not only loosen permissions as 'group' and
+'all' does). '0640' will create a repository which is group-readable, but not
+group-writable or accessible to others. '0660' will create a repo that is
+readable and writable to the current user and group, but inaccessible to others.
+--
+
+By default, the configuration flag `receive.denyNonFastForwards` is enabled
in shared repositories, so that you cannot force a non fast-forwarding push
into it.
-If you name a (possibly non-existent) directory at the end of the command
-line, the command is run inside the directory (possibly after creating it).
+If you provide a 'directory', the command is run inside it. If this directory
+does not exist, it will be created.
--
-
TEMPLATE DIRECTORY
------------------
The template directory contains files and directories that will be copied to
the `$GIT_DIR` after it is created.
-The template directory used will (in order):
+The template directory will be one of the following (in order):
- - The argument given with the `--template` option.
+ - the argument given with the `--template` option;
- - The contents of the `$GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR` environment variable.
+ - the contents of the `$GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR` environment variable;
- - The `init.templatedir` configuration variable.
+ - the `init.templateDir` configuration variable; or
- - The default template directory: `/usr/share/git-core/templates`.
+ - the default template directory: `/usr/share/git-core/templates`.
-The default template directory includes some directory structure, some
-suggested "exclude patterns", and copies of sample "hook" files.
-The suggested patterns and hook files are all modifiable and extensible.
+The default template directory includes some directory structure, suggested
+"exclude patterns" (see linkgit:gitignore[5]), and sample hook files (see linkgit:githooks[5]).
EXAMPLES
--------
@@ -136,10 +141,12 @@ Start a new Git repository for an existing code base::
$ cd /path/to/my/codebase
$ git init <1>
$ git add . <2>
+$ git commit <3>
----------------
+
-<1> prepare /path/to/my/codebase/.git directory
-<2> add all existing file to the index
+<1> Create a /path/to/my/codebase/.git directory.
+<2> Add all existing files to the index.
+<3> Record the pristine state as the first commit in the history.
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
index f3eef51..cc75b25 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ You may specify configuration in your .git/config
httpd = apache2 -f
port = 4321
browser = konqueror
- modulepath = /usr/lib/apache2/modules
+ modulePath = /usr/lib/apache2/modules
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt b/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d6d9231
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-interpret-trailers.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,314 @@
+git-interpret-trailers(1)
+=========================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-interpret-trailers - help add structured information into commit messages
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+[verse]
+'git interpret-trailers' [--trim-empty] [(--trailer <token>[(=|:)<value>])...] [<file>...]
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Help adding 'trailers' lines, that look similar to RFC 822 e-mail
+headers, at the end of the otherwise free-form part of a commit
+message.
+
+This command reads some patches or commit messages from either the
+<file> arguments or the standard input if no <file> is specified. Then
+this command applies the arguments passed using the `--trailer`
+option, if any, to the commit message part of each input file. The
+result is emitted on the standard output.
+
+Some configuration variables control the way the `--trailer` arguments
+are applied to each commit message and the way any existing trailer in
+the commit message is changed. They also make it possible to
+automatically add some trailers.
+
+By default, a '<token>=<value>' or '<token>:<value>' argument given
+using `--trailer` will be appended after the existing trailers only if
+the last trailer has a different (<token>, <value>) pair (or if there
+is no existing trailer). The <token> and <value> parts will be trimmed
+to remove starting and trailing whitespace, and the resulting trimmed
+<token> and <value> will appear in the message like this:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+token: value
+------------------------------------------------
+
+This means that the trimmed <token> and <value> will be separated by
+`': '` (one colon followed by one space).
+
+By default the new trailer will appear at the end of all the existing
+trailers. If there is no existing trailer, the new trailer will appear
+after the commit message part of the output, and, if there is no line
+with only spaces at the end of the commit message part, one blank line
+will be added before the new trailer.
+
+Existing trailers are extracted from the input message by looking for
+a group of one or more lines that contain a colon (by default), where
+the group is preceded by one or more empty (or whitespace-only) lines.
+The group must either be at the end of the message or be the last
+non-whitespace lines before a line that starts with '---'. Such three
+minus signs start the patch part of the message.
+
+When reading trailers, there can be whitespaces before and after the
+token, the separator and the value. There can also be whitespaces
+inside the token and the value.
+
+Note that 'trailers' do not follow and are not intended to follow many
+rules for RFC 822 headers. For example they do not follow the line
+folding rules, the encoding rules and probably many other rules.
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--trim-empty::
+ If the <value> part of any trailer contains only whitespace,
+ the whole trailer will be removed from the resulting message.
+ This apply to existing trailers as well as new trailers.
+
+--trailer <token>[(=|:)<value>]::
+ Specify a (<token>, <value>) pair that should be applied as a
+ trailer to the input messages. See the description of this
+ command.
+
+CONFIGURATION VARIABLES
+-----------------------
+
+trailer.separators::
+ This option tells which characters are recognized as trailer
+ separators. By default only ':' is recognized as a trailer
+ separator, except that '=' is always accepted on the command
+ line for compatibility with other git commands.
++
+The first character given by this option will be the default character
+used when another separator is not specified in the config for this
+trailer.
++
+For example, if the value for this option is "%=$", then only lines
+using the format '<token><sep><value>' with <sep> containing '%', '='
+or '$' and then spaces will be considered trailers. And '%' will be
+the default separator used, so by default trailers will appear like:
+'<token>% <value>' (one percent sign and one space will appear between
+the token and the value).
+
+trailer.where::
+ This option tells where a new trailer will be added.
++
+This can be `end`, which is the default, `start`, `after` or `before`.
++
+If it is `end`, then each new trailer will appear at the end of the
+existing trailers.
++
+If it is `start`, then each new trailer will appear at the start,
+instead of the end, of the existing trailers.
++
+If it is `after`, then each new trailer will appear just after the
+last trailer with the same <token>.
++
+If it is `before`, then each new trailer will appear just before the
+first trailer with the same <token>.
+
+trailer.ifexists::
+ This option makes it possible to choose what action will be
+ performed when there is already at least one trailer with the
+ same <token> in the message.
++
+The valid values for this option are: `addIfDifferentNeighbor` (this
+is the default), `addIfDifferent`, `add`, `overwrite` or `doNothing`.
++
+With `addIfDifferentNeighbor`, a new trailer will be added only if no
+trailer with the same (<token>, <value>) pair is above or below the line
+where the new trailer will be added.
++
+With `addIfDifferent`, a new trailer will be added only if no trailer
+with the same (<token>, <value>) pair is already in the message.
++
+With `add`, a new trailer will be added, even if some trailers with
+the same (<token>, <value>) pair are already in the message.
++
+With `replace`, an existing trailer with the same <token> will be
+deleted and the new trailer will be added. The deleted trailer will be
+the closest one (with the same <token>) to the place where the new one
+will be added.
++
+With `doNothing`, nothing will be done; that is no new trailer will be
+added if there is already one with the same <token> in the message.
+
+trailer.ifmissing::
+ This option makes it possible to choose what action will be
+ performed when there is not yet any trailer with the same
+ <token> in the message.
++
+The valid values for this option are: `add` (this is the default) and
+`doNothing`.
++
+With `add`, a new trailer will be added.
++
+With `doNothing`, nothing will be done.
+
+trailer.<token>.key::
+ This `key` will be used instead of <token> in the trailer. At
+ the end of this key, a separator can appear and then some
+ space characters. By default the only valid separator is ':',
+ but this can be changed using the `trailer.separators` config
+ variable.
++
+If there is a separator, then the key will be used instead of both the
+<token> and the default separator when adding the trailer.
+
+trailer.<token>.where::
+ This option takes the same values as the 'trailer.where'
+ configuration variable and it overrides what is specified by
+ that option for trailers with the specified <token>.
+
+trailer.<token>.ifexist::
+ This option takes the same values as the 'trailer.ifexist'
+ configuration variable and it overrides what is specified by
+ that option for trailers with the specified <token>.
+
+trailer.<token>.ifmissing::
+ This option takes the same values as the 'trailer.ifmissing'
+ configuration variable and it overrides what is specified by
+ that option for trailers with the specified <token>.
+
+trailer.<token>.command::
+ This option can be used to specify a shell command that will
+ be called to automatically add or modify a trailer with the
+ specified <token>.
++
+When this option is specified, the behavior is as if a special
+'<token>=<value>' argument were added at the beginning of the command
+line, where <value> is taken to be the standard output of the
+specified command with any leading and trailing whitespace trimmed
+off.
++
+If the command contains the `$ARG` string, this string will be
+replaced with the <value> part of an existing trailer with the same
+<token>, if any, before the command is launched.
++
+If some '<token>=<value>' arguments are also passed on the command
+line, when a 'trailer.<token>.command' is configured, the command will
+also be executed for each of these arguments. And the <value> part of
+these arguments, if any, will be used to replace the `$ARG` string in
+the command.
+
+EXAMPLES
+--------
+
+* Configure a 'sign' trailer with a 'Signed-off-by' key, and then
+ add two of these trailers to a message:
++
+------------
+$ git config trailer.sign.key "Signed-off-by"
+$ cat msg.txt
+subject
+
+message
+$ cat msg.txt | git interpret-trailers --trailer 'sign: Alice <alice@example.com>' --trailer 'sign: Bob <bob@example.com>'
+subject
+
+message
+
+Signed-off-by: Alice <alice@example.com>
+Signed-off-by: Bob <bob@example.com>
+------------
+
+* Extract the last commit as a patch, and add a 'Cc' and a
+ 'Reviewed-by' trailer to it:
++
+------------
+$ git format-patch -1
+0001-foo.patch
+$ git interpret-trailers --trailer 'Cc: Alice <alice@example.com>' --trailer 'Reviewed-by: Bob <bob@example.com>' 0001-foo.patch >0001-bar.patch
+------------
+
+* Configure a 'sign' trailer with a command to automatically add a
+ 'Signed-off-by: ' with the author information only if there is no
+ 'Signed-off-by: ' already, and show how it works:
++
+------------
+$ git config trailer.sign.key "Signed-off-by: "
+$ git config trailer.sign.ifmissing add
+$ git config trailer.sign.ifexists doNothing
+$ git config trailer.sign.command 'echo "$(git config user.name) <$(git config user.email)>"'
+$ git interpret-trailers <<EOF
+> EOF
+
+Signed-off-by: Bob <bob@example.com>
+$ git interpret-trailers <<EOF
+> Signed-off-by: Alice <alice@example.com>
+> EOF
+
+Signed-off-by: Alice <alice@example.com>
+------------
+
+* Configure a 'fix' trailer with a key that contains a '#' and no
+ space after this character, and show how it works:
++
+------------
+$ git config trailer.separators ":#"
+$ git config trailer.fix.key "Fix #"
+$ echo "subject" | git interpret-trailers --trailer fix=42
+subject
+
+Fix #42
+------------
+
+* Configure a 'see' trailer with a command to show the subject of a
+ commit that is related, and show how it works:
++
+------------
+$ git config trailer.see.key "See-also: "
+$ git config trailer.see.ifExists "replace"
+$ git config trailer.see.ifMissing "doNothing"
+$ git config trailer.see.command "git log -1 --oneline --format=\"%h (%s)\" --abbrev-commit --abbrev=14 \$ARG"
+$ git interpret-trailers <<EOF
+> subject
+>
+> message
+>
+> see: HEAD~2
+> EOF
+subject
+
+message
+
+See-also: fe3187489d69c4 (subject of related commit)
+------------
+
+* Configure a commit template with some trailers with empty values
+ (using sed to show and keep the trailing spaces at the end of the
+ trailers), then configure a commit-msg hook that uses
+ 'git interpret-trailers' to remove trailers with empty values and
+ to add a 'git-version' trailer:
++
+------------
+$ sed -e 's/ Z$/ /' >commit_template.txt <<EOF
+> ***subject***
+>
+> ***message***
+>
+> Fixes: Z
+> Cc: Z
+> Reviewed-by: Z
+> Signed-off-by: Z
+> EOF
+$ git config commit.template commit_template.txt
+$ cat >.git/hooks/commit-msg <<EOF
+> #!/bin/sh
+> git interpret-trailers --trim-empty --trailer "git-version: \$(git describe)" "\$1" > "\$1.new"
+> mv "\$1.new" "\$1"
+> EOF
+$ chmod +x .git/hooks/commit-msg
+------------
+
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:git-commit[1], linkgit:git-format-patch[1], linkgit:git-config[1]
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-log.txt b/Documentation/git-log.txt
index 1f7bc67..5692945 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-log.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-log.txt
@@ -62,9 +62,9 @@ produced by `--stat`, etc.
output by allowing them to allocate space in advance.
-L <start>,<end>:<file>::
--L :<regex>:<file>::
+-L :<funcname>:<file>::
Trace the evolution of the line range given by "<start>,<end>"
- (or the funcname regex <regex>) within the <file>. You may
+ (or the function name regex <funcname>) within the <file>. You may
not give any pathspec limiters. This is currently limited to
a walk starting from a single revision, i.e., you may only
give zero or one positive revision arguments.
@@ -184,7 +184,7 @@ log.date::
`--date` option.) Defaults to "default", which means to write
dates like `Sat May 8 19:35:34 2010 -0500`.
-log.showroot::
+log.showRoot::
If `false`, `git log` and related commands will not treat the
initial commit as a big creation event. Any root commits in
`git log -p` output would be shown without a diff attached.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
index c0856a6..e26f01f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
@@ -185,15 +185,15 @@ specifies the format of exclude patterns.
These exclude patterns come from these places, in order:
- 1. The command line flag --exclude=<pattern> specifies a
+ 1. The command-line flag --exclude=<pattern> specifies a
single pattern. Patterns are ordered in the same order
they appear in the command line.
- 2. The command line flag --exclude-from=<file> specifies a
+ 2. The command-line flag --exclude-from=<file> specifies a
file containing a list of patterns. Patterns are ordered
in the same order they appear in the file.
- 3. The command line flag --exclude-per-directory=<name> specifies
+ 3. The command-line flag --exclude-per-directory=<name> specifies
a name of the file in each directory 'git ls-files'
examines, normally `.gitignore`. Files in deeper
directories take precedence. Patterns are ordered in the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
index 164a3c6..0947084 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
@@ -66,6 +66,11 @@ conversion, even with this flag.
-n::
Disable all charset re-coding of the metadata.
+-m::
+--message-id::
+ Copy the Message-ID header at the end of the commit message. This
+ is useful in order to associate commits with mailing list discussions.
+
--scissors::
Remove everything in body before a scissors line. A line that
mainly consists of scissors (either ">8" or "8<") and perforation
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge.txt b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
index a3c1fa3..273a100 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
@@ -101,10 +101,13 @@ commit or stash your changes before running 'git merge'.
Specifying more than one commit will create a merge with
more than two parents (affectionately called an Octopus merge).
+
-If no commit is given from the command line, and if `merge.defaultToUpstream`
-configuration variable is set, merge the remote-tracking branches
-that the current branch is configured to use as its upstream.
+If no commit is given from the command line, merge the remote-tracking
+branches that the current branch is configured to use as its upstream.
See also the configuration section of this manual page.
++
+When `FETCH_HEAD` (and no other commit) is specified, the branches
+recorded in the `.git/FETCH_HEAD` file by the previous invocation
+of `git fetch` for merging are merged to the current branch.
PRE-MERGE CHECKS
@@ -233,7 +236,7 @@ Barbie's remark on your side. The only thing you can tell is that your
side wants to say it is hard and you'd prefer to go shopping, while the
other side wants to claim it is easy.
-An alternative style can be used by setting the "merge.conflictstyle"
+An alternative style can be used by setting the "merge.conflictStyle"
configuration variable to "diff3". In "diff3" style, the above conflict
may look like this:
@@ -330,7 +333,7 @@ CONFIGURATION
-------------
include::merge-config.txt[]
-branch.<name>.mergeoptions::
+branch.<name>.mergeOptions::
Sets default options for merging into branch <name>. The syntax and
supported options are the same as those of 'git merge', but option
values containing whitespace characters are currently not supported.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt b/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
index 07137f2..e846c2e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
@@ -71,11 +71,13 @@ success of the resolution after the custom tool has exited.
--no-prompt::
Don't prompt before each invocation of the merge resolution
program.
+ This is the default if the merge resolution program is
+ explicitly specified with the `--tool` option or with the
+ `merge.tool` configuration variable.
--prompt::
- Prompt before each invocation of the merge resolution program.
- This is the default behaviour; the option is provided to
- override any configuration settings.
+ Prompt before each invocation of the merge resolution program
+ to give the user a chance to skip the path.
TEMPORARY FILES
---------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-notes.txt b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
index 310f0a5..851518d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-notes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
@@ -9,10 +9,10 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git notes' [list [<object>]]
-'git notes' add [-f] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
+'git notes' add [-f] [--allow-empty] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
'git notes' copy [-f] ( --stdin | <from-object> <to-object> )
-'git notes' append [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
-'git notes' edit [<object>]
+'git notes' append [--allow-empty] [-F <file> | -m <msg> | (-c | -C) <object>] [<object>]
+'git notes' edit [--allow-empty] [<object>]
'git notes' show [<object>]
'git notes' merge [-v | -q] [-s <strategy> ] <notes-ref>
'git notes' merge --commit [-v | -q]
@@ -155,6 +155,10 @@ OPTIONS
Like '-C', but with '-c' the editor is invoked, so that
the user can further edit the note message.
+--allow-empty::
+ Allow an empty note object to be stored. The default behavior is
+ to automatically remove empty notes.
+
--ref <ref>::
Manipulate the notes tree in <ref>. This overrides
'GIT_NOTES_REF' and the "core.notesRef" configuration. The ref
@@ -287,7 +291,7 @@ arbitrary files using 'git hash-object':
------------
$ cc *.c
$ blob=$(git hash-object -w a.out)
-$ git notes --ref=built add -C "$blob" HEAD
+$ git notes --ref=built add --allow-empty -C "$blob" HEAD
------------
(You cannot simply use `git notes --ref=built add -F a.out HEAD`
diff --git a/Documentation/git-p4.txt b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
index 6ab5f94..82aa5d6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-p4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
@@ -225,9 +225,20 @@ Git repository:
they can find the p4 branches in refs/heads.
--max-changes <n>::
- Limit the number of imported changes to 'n'. Useful to
- limit the amount of history when using the '@all' p4 revision
- specifier.
+ Import at most 'n' changes, rather than the entire range of
+ changes included in the given revision specifier. A typical
+ usage would be use '@all' as the revision specifier, but then
+ to use '--max-changes 1000' to import only the last 1000
+ revisions rather than the entire revision history.
+
+--changes-block-size <n>::
+ The internal block size to use when converting a revision
+ specifier such as '@all' into a list of specific change
+ numbers. Instead of using a single call to 'p4 changes' to
+ find the full list of changes for the conversion, there are a
+ sequence of calls to 'p4 changes -m', each of which requests
+ one block of changes of the given size. The default block size
+ is 500, which should usually be suitable.
--keep-path::
The mapping of file names from the p4 depot path to Git, by
@@ -241,6 +252,9 @@ Git repository:
Use a client spec to find the list of interesting files in p4.
See the "CLIENT SPEC" section below.
+-/ <path>::
+ Exclude selected depot paths when cloning or syncing.
+
Clone options
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
These options can be used in an initial 'clone', along with the 'sync'
@@ -254,9 +268,6 @@ options described above.
--bare::
Perform a bare clone. See linkgit:git-clone[1].
--/ <path>::
- Exclude selected depot paths when cloning.
-
Submit options
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
These options can be used to modify 'git p4 submit' behavior.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
index d2d8f47..bbea529 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--no-reuse-delta] [--delta-base-offset] [--non-empty]
[--local] [--incremental] [--window=<n>] [--depth=<n>]
[--revs [--unpacked | --all]] [--stdout | base-name]
- [--keep-true-parents] < object-list
+ [--shallow] [--keep-true-parents] < object-list
DESCRIPTION
@@ -190,6 +190,11 @@ required objects and is thus unusable by Git without making it
self-contained. Use `git index-pack --fix-thin`
(see linkgit:git-index-pack[1]) to restore the self-contained property.
+--shallow::
+ Optimize a pack that will be provided to a client with a shallow
+ repository. This option, combined with --thin, can result in a
+ smaller pack at the cost of speed.
+
--delta-base-offset::
A packed archive can express the base object of a delta as
either a 20-byte object name or as an offset in the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
index 312c3b1..31efc58 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
@@ -8,14 +8,14 @@ git-patch-id - Compute unique ID for a patch
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git patch-id' < <patch>
+'git patch-id' [--stable | --unstable] < <patch>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-A "patch ID" is nothing but a SHA-1 of the diff associated with a patch, with
-whitespace and line numbers ignored. As such, it's "reasonably stable", but at
-the same time also reasonably unique, i.e., two patches that have the same "patch
-ID" are almost guaranteed to be the same thing.
+A "patch ID" is nothing but a sum of SHA-1 of the file diffs associated with a
+patch, with whitespace and line numbers ignored. As such, it's "reasonably
+stable", but at the same time also reasonably unique, i.e., two patches that
+have the same "patch ID" are almost guaranteed to be the same thing.
IOW, you can use this thing to look for likely duplicate commits.
@@ -27,6 +27,33 @@ This can be used to make a mapping from patch ID to commit ID.
OPTIONS
-------
+
+--stable::
+ Use a "stable" sum of hashes as the patch ID. With this option:
+ - Reordering file diffs that make up a patch does not affect the ID.
+ In particular, two patches produced by comparing the same two trees
+ with two different settings for "-O<orderfile>" result in the same
+ patch ID signature, thereby allowing the computed result to be used
+ as a key to index some meta-information about the change between
+ the two trees;
+
+ - Result is different from the value produced by git 1.9 and older
+ or produced when an "unstable" hash (see --unstable below) is
+ configured - even when used on a diff output taken without any use
+ of "-O<orderfile>", thereby making existing databases storing such
+ "unstable" or historical patch-ids unusable.
+
+ This is the default if patchid.stable is set to true.
+
+--unstable::
+ Use an "unstable" hash as the patch ID. With this option,
+ the result produced is compatible with the patch-id value produced
+ by git 1.9 and older. Users with pre-existing databases storing
+ patch-ids produced by git 1.9 and older (who do not deal with reordered
+ patches) may want to use this option.
+
+ This is the default.
+
<patch>::
The diff to create the ID of.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt b/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt
index 6738055..9fed59a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
git-prune-packed(1)
-=====================
+===================
NAME
----
diff --git a/Documentation/git-prune.txt b/Documentation/git-prune.txt
index 7a493c8..1cf3bed 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-prune.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-prune.txt
@@ -48,6 +48,9 @@ OPTIONS
--expire <time>::
Only expire loose objects older than <time>.
+--worktrees::
+ Prune dead working tree information in $GIT_DIR/worktrees.
+
<head>...::
In addition to objects
reachable from any of our references, keep objects
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
index 200eb22..93c72a2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pull.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
@@ -74,9 +74,6 @@ pulling or stash them away with linkgit:git-stash[1].
OPTIONS
-------
-Options meant for 'git pull' itself and the underlying 'git merge'
-must be given before the options meant for 'git fetch'.
-
-q::
--quiet::
This is passed to both underlying git-fetch to squelch reporting of
@@ -111,13 +108,12 @@ include::merge-options.txt[]
was rebased since last fetched, the rebase uses that information
to avoid rebasing non-local changes.
+
-When preserve, also rebase the current branch on top of the upstream
-branch, but pass `--preserve-merges` along to `git rebase` so that
-locally created merge commits will not be flattened.
+When set to preserve, rebase with the `--preserve-merges` option passed
+to `git rebase` so that locally created merge commits will not be flattened.
+
When false, merge the current branch into the upstream branch.
+
-See `pull.rebase`, `branch.<name>.rebase` and `branch.autosetuprebase` in
+See `pull.rebase`, `branch.<name>.rebase` and `branch.autoSetupRebase` in
linkgit:git-config[1] if you want to make `git pull` always use
`--rebase` instead of merging.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/git-push.txt b/Documentation/git-push.txt
index 21cd455..135d810 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-push.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-push.txt
@@ -9,8 +9,9 @@ git-push - Update remote refs along with associated objects
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git push' [--all | --mirror | --tags] [--follow-tags] [-n | --dry-run] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
- [--repo=<repository>] [-f | --force] [--prune] [-v | --verbose] [-u | --set-upstream]
+'git push' [--all | --mirror | --tags] [--follow-tags] [--atomic] [-n | --dry-run] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
+ [--repo=<repository>] [-f | --force] [--prune] [-v | --verbose]
+ [-u | --set-upstream] [--signed]
[--force-with-lease[=<refname>[:<expect>]]]
[--no-verify] [<repository> [<refspec>...]]
@@ -33,7 +34,7 @@ When the command line does not specify what to push with `<refspec>...`
arguments or `--all`, `--mirror`, `--tags` options, the command finds
the default `<refspec>` by consulting `remote.*.push` configuration,
and if it is not found, honors `push.default` configuration to decide
-what to push (See gitlink:git-config[1] for the meaning of `push.default`).
+what to push (See linkgit:git-config[1] for the meaning of `push.default`).
OPTIONS[[OPTIONS]]
@@ -127,7 +128,21 @@ already exists on the remote side.
Push all the refs that would be pushed without this option,
and also push annotated tags in `refs/tags` that are missing
from the remote but are pointing at commit-ish that are
- reachable from the refs being pushed.
+ reachable from the refs being pushed. This can also be specified
+ with configuration variable 'push.followTags'. For more
+ information, see 'push.followTags' in linkgit:git-config[1].
+
+
+--signed::
+ GPG-sign the push request to update refs on the receiving
+ side, to allow it to be checked by the hooks and/or be
+ logged. See linkgit:git-receive-pack[1] for the details
+ on the receiving end.
+
+--[no-]atomic::
+ Use an atomic transaction on the remote side if available.
+ Either all refs are updated, or on error, no refs are updated.
+ If the server does not support atomic pushes the push will fail.
--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>::
--exec=<git-receive-pack>::
@@ -142,9 +157,8 @@ already exists on the remote side.
Usually, "git push" refuses to update a remote ref that is
not an ancestor of the local ref used to overwrite it.
+
-This option bypasses the check, but instead requires that the
-current value of the ref to be the expected value. "git push"
-fails otherwise.
+This option overrides this restriction if the current value of the
+remote ref is the expected value. "git push" fails otherwise.
+
Imagine that you have to rebase what you have already published.
You will have to bypass the "must fast-forward" rule in order to
@@ -156,15 +170,14 @@ commit, and blindly pushing with `--force` will lose her work.
This option allows you to say that you expect the history you are
updating is what you rebased and want to replace. If the remote ref
still points at the commit you specified, you can be sure that no
-other people did anything to the ref (it is like taking a "lease" on
-the ref without explicitly locking it, and you update the ref while
-making sure that your earlier "lease" is still valid).
+other people did anything to the ref. It is like taking a "lease" on
+the ref without explicitly locking it, and the remote ref is updated
+only if the "lease" is still valid.
+
`--force-with-lease` alone, without specifying the details, will protect
all remote refs that are going to be updated by requiring their
current value to be the same as the remote-tracking branch we have
-for them, unless specified with a `--force-with-lease=<refname>:<expect>`
-option that explicitly states what the expected value is.
+for them.
+
`--force-with-lease=<refname>`, without specifying the expected value, will
protect the named ref (alone), if it is going to be updated, by
@@ -207,22 +220,8 @@ origin +master` to force a push to the `master` branch). See the
`<refspec>...` section above for details.
--repo=<repository>::
- This option is only relevant if no <repository> argument is
- passed in the invocation. In this case, 'git push' derives the
- remote name from the current branch: If it tracks a remote
- branch, then that remote repository is pushed to. Otherwise,
- the name "origin" is used. For this latter case, this option
- can be used to override the name "origin". In other words,
- the difference between these two commands
-+
---------------------------
-git push public #1
-git push --repo=public #2
---------------------------
-+
-is that #1 always pushes to "public" whereas #2 pushes to "public"
-only if the current branch does not track a remote branch. This is
-useful if you write an alias or script around 'git push'.
+ This option is equivalent to the <repository> argument. If both
+ are specified, the command-line argument takes precedence.
-u::
--set-upstream::
@@ -266,8 +265,8 @@ useful if you write an alias or script around 'git push'.
--[no-]verify::
Toggle the pre-push hook (see linkgit:githooks[5]). The
- default is \--verify, giving the hook a chance to prevent the
- push. With \--no-verify, the hook is bypassed completely.
+ default is --verify, giving the hook a chance to prevent the
+ push. With --no-verify, the hook is bypassed completely.
include::urls-remotes.txt[]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt b/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
index a356196..d64388c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
git-quiltimport(1)
-================
+==================
NAME
----
diff --git a/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
index 056c0db..fa1d557 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
@@ -283,7 +283,7 @@ merge. The different stages represent the "result tree" (stage 0, aka
you are trying to merge (stage 2 and 3 respectively).
The order of stages 1, 2 and 3 (hence the order of three
-<tree-ish> command line arguments) are significant when you
+<tree-ish> command-line arguments) are significant when you
start a 3-way merge with an index file that is already
populated. Here is an outline of how the algorithm works:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
index 2a93c64..1d01baa 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git rebase' [-i | --interactive] [options] [--exec <cmd>] [--onto <newbase>]
- [<upstream>] [<branch>]
+ [<upstream> [<branch>]]
'git rebase' [-i | --interactive] [options] [--exec <cmd>] [--onto <newbase>]
--root [<branch>]
'git rebase' --continue | --skip | --abort | --edit-todo
@@ -21,15 +21,17 @@ If <branch> is specified, 'git rebase' will perform an automatic
it remains on the current branch.
If <upstream> is not specified, the upstream configured in
-branch.<name>.remote and branch.<name>.merge options will be used; see
-linkgit:git-config[1] for details. If you are currently not on any
-branch or if the current branch does not have a configured upstream,
-the rebase will abort.
+branch.<name>.remote and branch.<name>.merge options will be used (see
+linkgit:git-config[1] for details) and the `--fork-point` option is
+assumed. If you are currently not on any branch or if the current
+branch does not have a configured upstream, the rebase will abort.
All changes made by commits in the current branch but that are not
in <upstream> are saved to a temporary area. This is the same set
-of commits that would be shown by `git log <upstream>..HEAD` (or
-`git log HEAD`, if --root is specified).
+of commits that would be shown by `git log <upstream>..HEAD`; or by
+`git log 'fork_point'..HEAD`, if `--fork-point` is active (see the
+description on `--fork-point` below); or by `git log HEAD`, if the
+`--root` option is specified.
The current branch is reset to <upstream>, or <newbase> if the
--onto option was supplied. This has the exact same effect as
@@ -78,7 +80,7 @@ remain the checked-out branch.
If the upstream branch already contains a change you have made (e.g.,
because you mailed a patch which was applied upstream), then that commit
will be skipped. For example, running `git rebase master` on the
-following history (in which A' and A introduce the same set of changes,
+following history (in which `A'` and `A` introduce the same set of changes,
but have different committer information):
------------
@@ -205,10 +207,10 @@ rebase.stat::
Whether to show a diffstat of what changed upstream since the last
rebase. False by default.
-rebase.autosquash::
+rebase.autoSquash::
If set to true enable '--autosquash' option by default.
-rebase.autostash::
+rebase.autoStash::
If set to true enable '--autostash' option by default.
OPTIONS
@@ -316,11 +318,8 @@ which makes little sense.
-f::
--force-rebase::
- Force the rebase even if the current branch is a descendant
- of the commit you are rebasing onto. Normally non-interactive rebase will
- exit with the message "Current branch is up to date" in such a
- situation.
- Incompatible with the --interactive option.
+ Force a rebase even if the current branch is up-to-date and
+ the command without `--force` would return without doing anything.
+
You may find this (or --no-ff with an interactive rebase) helpful after
reverting a topic branch merge, as this option recreates the topic branch with
@@ -330,13 +329,18 @@ link:howto/revert-a-faulty-merge.html[revert-a-faulty-merge How-To] for details)
--fork-point::
--no-fork-point::
- Use 'git merge-base --fork-point' to find a better common ancestor
- between `upstream` and `branch` when calculating which commits have
- have been introduced by `branch` (see linkgit:git-merge-base[1]).
+ Use reflog to find a better common ancestor between <upstream>
+ and <branch> when calculating which commits have been
+ introduced by <branch>.
++
+When --fork-point is active, 'fork_point' will be used instead of
+<upstream> to calculate the set of commits to rebase, where
+'fork_point' is the result of `git merge-base --fork-point <upstream>
+<branch>` command (see linkgit:git-merge-base[1]). If 'fork_point'
+ends up being empty, the <upstream> will be used as a fallback.
+
-If no non-option arguments are given on the command line, then the default is
-`--fork-point @{u}` otherwise the `upstream` argument is interpreted literally
-unless the `--fork-point` option is specified.
+If either <upstream> or --root is given on the command line, then the
+default is `--no-fork-point`, otherwise the default is `--fork-point`.
--ignore-whitespace::
--whitespace=<option>::
@@ -358,7 +362,9 @@ unless the `--fork-point` option is specified.
-p::
--preserve-merges::
- Instead of ignoring merges, try to recreate them.
+ Recreate merge commits instead of flattening the history by replaying
+ commits a merge commit introduces. Merge conflict resolutions or manual
+ amendments to merge commits are not preserved.
+
This uses the `--interactive` machinery internally, but combining it
with the `--interactive` option explicitly is generally not a good
@@ -410,7 +416,7 @@ squash/fixup series.
This option is only valid when the '--interactive' option is used.
+
If the '--autosquash' option is enabled by default using the
-configuration variable `rebase.autosquash`, this option can be
+configuration variable `rebase.autoSquash`, this option can be
used to override and disable this setting.
--[no-]autostash::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
index b1f7dc6..000ee8d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
@@ -53,6 +53,56 @@ the update. Refs to be created will have sha1-old equal to 0\{40},
while refs to be deleted will have sha1-new equal to 0\{40}, otherwise
sha1-old and sha1-new should be valid objects in the repository.
+When accepting a signed push (see linkgit:git-push[1]), the signed
+push certificate is stored in a blob and an environment variable
+`GIT_PUSH_CERT` can be consulted for its object name. See the
+description of `post-receive` hook for an example. In addition, the
+certificate is verified using GPG and the result is exported with
+the following environment variables:
+
+`GIT_PUSH_CERT_SIGNER`::
+ The name and the e-mail address of the owner of the key that
+ signed the push certificate.
+
+`GIT_PUSH_CERT_KEY`::
+ The GPG key ID of the key that signed the push certificate.
+
+`GIT_PUSH_CERT_STATUS`::
+ The status of GPG verification of the push certificate,
+ using the same mnemonic as used in `%G?` format of `git log`
+ family of commands (see linkgit:git-log[1]).
+
+`GIT_PUSH_CERT_NONCE`::
+ The nonce string the process asked the signer to include
+ in the push certificate. If this does not match the value
+ recorded on the "nonce" header in the push certificate, it
+ may indicate that the certificate is a valid one that is
+ being replayed from a separate "git push" session.
+
+`GIT_PUSH_CERT_NONCE_STATUS`::
+`UNSOLICITED`;;
+ "git push --signed" sent a nonce when we did not ask it to
+ send one.
+`MISSING`;;
+ "git push --signed" did not send any nonce header.
+`BAD`;;
+ "git push --signed" sent a bogus nonce.
+`OK`;;
+ "git push --signed" sent the nonce we asked it to send.
+`SLOP`;;
+ "git push --signed" sent a nonce different from what we
+ asked it to send now, but in a previous session. See
+ `GIT_PUSH_CERT_NONCE_SLOP` environment variable.
+
+`GIT_PUSH_CERT_NONCE_SLOP`::
+ "git push --signed" sent a nonce different from what we
+ asked it to send now, but in a different session whose
+ starting time is different by this many seconds from the
+ current session. Only meaningful when
+ `GIT_PUSH_CERT_NONCE_STATUS` says `SLOP`.
+ Also read about `receive.certNonceSlop` variable in
+ linkgit:git-config[1].
+
This hook is called before any refname is updated and before any
fast-forward checks are performed.
@@ -101,9 +151,14 @@ the update. Refs that were created will have sha1-old equal to
0\{40}, otherwise sha1-old and sha1-new should be valid objects in
the repository.
+The `GIT_PUSH_CERT*` environment variables can be inspected, just as
+in `pre-receive` hook, after accepting a signed push.
+
Using this hook, it is easy to generate mails describing the updates
to the repository. This example script sends one mail message per
-ref listing the commits pushed to the repository:
+ref listing the commits pushed to the repository, and logs the push
+certificates of signed pushes with good signatures to a logger
+service:
#!/bin/sh
# mail out commit update information.
@@ -119,6 +174,14 @@ ref listing the commits pushed to the repository:
fi |
mail -s "Changes to ref $ref" commit-list@mydomain
done
+ # log signed push certificate, if any
+ if test -n "${GIT_PUSH_CERT-}" && test ${GIT_PUSH_CERT_STATUS} = G
+ then
+ (
+ echo expected nonce is ${GIT_PUSH_NONCE}
+ git cat-file blob ${GIT_PUSH_CERT}
+ ) | mail -s "push certificate from $GIT_PUSH_CERT_SIGNER" push-log@mydomain
+ fi
exit 0
The exit code from this hook invocation is ignored, however a
diff --git a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
index 70791b9..5e7908e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
@@ -17,85 +17,113 @@ The command takes various subcommands, and different options
depending on the subcommand:
[verse]
-'git reflog expire' [--dry-run] [--stale-fix] [--verbose]
- [--expire=<time>] [--expire-unreachable=<time>] [--all] <refs>...
-'git reflog delete' ref@\{specifier\}...
'git reflog' ['show'] [log-options] [<ref>]
+'git reflog expire' [--expire=<time>] [--expire-unreachable=<time>]
+ [--rewrite] [--updateref] [--stale-fix]
+ [--dry-run] [--verbose] [--all | <refs>...]
+'git reflog delete' [--rewrite] [--updateref]
+ [--dry-run] [--verbose] ref@\{specifier\}...
+
+Reference logs, or "reflogs", record when the tips of branches and
+other references were updated in the local repository. Reflogs are
+useful in various Git commands, to specify the old value of a
+reference. For example, `HEAD@{2}` means "where HEAD used to be two
+moves ago", `master@{one.week.ago}` means "where master used to point
+to one week ago in this local repository", and so on. See
+linkgit:gitrevisions[7] for more details.
+
+This command manages the information recorded in the reflogs.
+
+The "show" subcommand (which is also the default, in the absence of
+any subcommands) shows the log of the reference provided in the
+command-line (or `HEAD`, by default). The reflog covers all recent
+actions, and in addition the `HEAD` reflog records branch switching.
+`git reflog show` is an alias for `git log -g --abbrev-commit
+--pretty=oneline`; see linkgit:git-log[1] for more information.
+
+The "expire" subcommand prunes older reflog entries. Entries older
+than `expire` time, or entries older than `expire-unreachable` time
+and not reachable from the current tip, are removed from the reflog.
+This is typically not used directly by end users -- instead, see
+linkgit:git-gc[1].
+
+The "delete" subcommand deletes single entries from the reflog. Its
+argument must be an _exact_ entry (e.g. "`git reflog delete
+master@{2}`"). This subcommand is also typically not used directly by
+end users.
-Reflog is a mechanism to record when the tip of branches are
-updated. This command is to manage the information recorded in it.
-The subcommand "expire" is used to prune older reflog entries.
-Entries older than `expire` time, or entries older than
-`expire-unreachable` time and not reachable from the current
-tip, are removed from the reflog. This is typically not used
-directly by the end users -- instead, see linkgit:git-gc[1].
-
-The subcommand "show" (which is also the default, in the absence of any
-subcommands) will take all the normal log options, and show the log of
-the reference provided in the command-line (or `HEAD`, by default).
-The reflog will cover all recent actions (HEAD reflog records branch switching
-as well). It is an alias for `git log -g --abbrev-commit --pretty=oneline`;
-see linkgit:git-log[1].
+OPTIONS
+-------
-The reflog is useful in various Git commands, to specify the old value
-of a reference. For example, `HEAD@{2}` means "where HEAD used to be
-two moves ago", `master@{one.week.ago}` means "where master used to
-point to one week ago", and so on. See linkgit:gitrevisions[7] for
-more details.
+Options for `show`
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-To delete single entries from the reflog, use the subcommand "delete"
-and specify the _exact_ entry (e.g. "`git reflog delete master@{2}`").
+`git reflog show` accepts any of the options accepted by `git log`.
-OPTIONS
--------
+Options for `expire`
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
---stale-fix::
- This revamps the logic -- the definition of "broken commit"
- becomes: a commit that is not reachable from any of the refs and
- there is a missing object among the commit, tree, or blob
- objects reachable from it that is not reachable from any of the
- refs.
-+
-This computation involves traversing all the reachable objects, i.e. it
-has the same cost as 'git prune'. Fortunately, once this is run, we
-should not have to ever worry about missing objects, because the current
-prune and pack-objects know about reflogs and protect objects referred by
-them.
+--all::
+ Process the reflogs of all references.
--expire=<time>::
- Entries older than this time are pruned. Without the
- option it is taken from configuration `gc.reflogExpire`,
- which in turn defaults to 90 days. --expire=all prunes
- entries regardless of their age; --expire=never turns off
- pruning of reachable entries (but see --expire-unreachable).
+ Prune entries older than the specified time. If this option is
+ not specified, the expiration time is taken from the
+ configuration setting `gc.reflogExpire`, which in turn
+ defaults to 90 days. `--expire=all` prunes entries regardless
+ of their age; `--expire=never` turns off pruning of reachable
+ entries (but see `--expire-unreachable`).
--expire-unreachable=<time>::
- Entries older than this time and not reachable from
- the current tip of the branch are pruned. Without the
- option it is taken from configuration
- `gc.reflogExpireUnreachable`, which in turn defaults to
- 30 days. --expire-unreachable=all prunes unreachable
- entries regardless of their age; --expire-unreachable=never
+ Prune entries older than `<time>` that are not reachable from
+ the current tip of the branch. If this option is not
+ specified, the expiration time is taken from the configuration
+ setting `gc.reflogExpireUnreachable`, which in turn defaults
+ to 30 days. `--expire-unreachable=all` prunes unreachable
+ entries regardless of their age; `--expire-unreachable=never`
turns off early pruning of unreachable entries (but see
- --expire).
-
---all::
- Instead of listing <refs> explicitly, prune all refs.
+ `--expire`).
--updateref::
- Update the ref with the sha1 of the top reflog entry (i.e.
- <ref>@\{0\}) after expiring or deleting.
+ Update the reference to the value of the top reflog entry (i.e.
+ <ref>@\{0\}) if the previous top entry was pruned. (This
+ option is ignored for symbolic references.)
--rewrite::
- While expiring or deleting, adjust each reflog entry to ensure
- that the `old` sha1 field points to the `new` sha1 field of the
- previous entry.
+ If a reflog entry's predecessor is pruned, adjust its "old"
+ SHA-1 to be equal to the "new" SHA-1 field of the entry that
+ now precedes it.
+
+--stale-fix::
+ Prune any reflog entries that point to "broken commits". A
+ broken commit is a commit that is not reachable from any of
+ the reference tips and that refers, directly or indirectly, to
+ a missing commit, tree, or blob object.
++
+This computation involves traversing all the reachable objects, i.e. it
+has the same cost as 'git prune'. It is primarily intended to fix
+corruption caused by garbage collecting using older versions of Git,
+which didn't protect objects referred to by reflogs.
+
+-n::
+--dry-run::
+ Do not actually prune any entries; just show what would have
+ been pruned.
--verbose::
Print extra information on screen.
+
+Options for `delete`
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+`git reflog delete` accepts options `--updateref`, `--rewrite`, `-n`,
+`--dry-run`, and `--verbose`, with the same meanings as when they are
+used with `expire`.
+
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt b/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
index cd0bb77..b25d0b5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
@@ -116,6 +116,10 @@ begins with `ext::`. Examples:
determined by the helper using environment variables (see
above).
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:gitremote-helpers[1]
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt b/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
index bcd3766..e700baf 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
@@ -50,6 +50,10 @@ EXAMPLES
`git push fd::7,8/bar master`::
Same as above.
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:gitremote-helpers[1]
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
index cb103c8..4c6d6de 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
@@ -58,6 +58,9 @@ remote repository.
With `--no-tags` option, `git fetch <name>` does not import tags from
the remote repository.
+
+By default, only tags on fetched branches are imported
+(see linkgit:git-fetch[1]).
++
With `-t <branch>` option, instead of the default glob
refspec for the remote to track all branches under
the `refs/remotes/<name>/` namespace, a refspec to track only `<branch>`
@@ -130,17 +133,25 @@ branches, adds to that list.
'set-url'::
-Changes URL remote points to. Sets first URL remote points to matching
+Changes URLs for the remote. Sets first URL for remote <name> that matches
regex <oldurl> (first URL if no <oldurl> is given) to <newurl>. If
-<oldurl> doesn't match any URL, error occurs and nothing is changed.
+<oldurl> doesn't match any URL, an error occurs and nothing is changed.
+
With '--push', push URLs are manipulated instead of fetch URLs.
+
-With '--add', instead of changing some URL, new URL is added.
+With '--add', instead of changing existing URLs, new URL is added.
++
+With '--delete', instead of changing existing URLs, all URLs matching
+regex <url> are deleted for remote <name>. Trying to delete all
+non-push URLs is an error.
+
-With '--delete', instead of changing some URL, all URLs matching
-regex <url> are deleted. Trying to delete all non-push URLs is an
-error.
+Note that the push URL and the fetch URL, even though they can
+be set differently, must still refer to the same place. What you
+pushed to the push URL should be what you would see if you
+immediately fetched from the fetch URL. If you are trying to
+fetch from one place (e.g. your upstream) and push to another (e.g.
+your publishing repository), use two separate remotes.
+
'show'::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-repack.txt b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
index 4786a78..0e0bd36 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-repack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ other objects in that pack they already have locally.
Write a reachability bitmap index as part of the repack. This
only makes sense when used with `-a` or `-A`, as the bitmaps
must be able to refer to all reachable objects. This option
- overrides the setting of `pack.writebitmaps`.
+ overrides the setting of `pack.writeBitmaps`.
--pack-kept-objects::
Include objects in `.keep` files when repacking. Note that we
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@ other objects in that pack they already have locally.
This means that we may duplicate objects, but this makes the
option safe to use when there are concurrent pushes or fetches.
This option is generally only useful if you are writing bitmaps
- with `-b` or `pack.writebitmaps`, as it ensures that the
+ with `-b` or `pack.writeBitmaps`, as it ensures that the
bitmapped packfile has the necessary objects.
Configuration
diff --git a/Documentation/git-replace.txt b/Documentation/git-replace.txt
index 0a02f70..8fff598 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-replace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-replace.txt
@@ -9,6 +9,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git replace' [-f] <object> <replacement>
+'git replace' [-f] --edit <object>
+'git replace' [-f] --graft <commit> [<parent>...]
'git replace' -d <object>...
'git replace' [--format=<format>] [-l [<pattern>]]
@@ -63,6 +65,32 @@ OPTIONS
--delete::
Delete existing replace refs for the given objects.
+--edit <object>::
+ Edit an object's content interactively. The existing content
+ for <object> is pretty-printed into a temporary file, an
+ editor is launched on the file, and the result is parsed to
+ create a new object of the same type as <object>. A
+ replacement ref is then created to replace <object> with the
+ newly created object. See linkgit:git-var[1] for details about
+ how the editor will be chosen.
+
+--raw::
+ When editing, provide the raw object contents rather than
+ pretty-printed ones. Currently this only affects trees, which
+ will be shown in their binary form. This is harder to work with,
+ but can help when repairing a tree that is so corrupted it
+ cannot be pretty-printed. Note that you may need to configure
+ your editor to cleanly read and write binary data.
+
+--graft <commit> [<parent>...]::
+ Create a graft commit. A new commit is created with the same
+ content as <commit> except that its parents will be
+ [<parent>...] instead of <commit>'s parents. A replacement ref
+ is then created to replace <commit> with the newly created
+ commit. See contrib/convert-grafts-to-replace-refs.sh for an
+ example script based on this option that can convert grafts to
+ replace refs.
+
-l <pattern>::
--list <pattern>::
List replace refs for objects that match the given pattern (or
@@ -92,7 +120,9 @@ CREATING REPLACEMENT OBJECTS
linkgit:git-filter-branch[1], linkgit:git-hash-object[1] and
linkgit:git-rebase[1], among other git commands, can be used to create
-replacement objects from existing objects.
+replacement objects from existing objects. The `--edit` option can
+also be used with 'git replace' to create a replacement object by
+editing an existing object.
If you want to replace many blobs, trees or commits that are part of a
string of commits, you may just want to create a replacement string of
@@ -117,6 +147,8 @@ linkgit:git-filter-branch[1]
linkgit:git-rebase[1]
linkgit:git-tag[1]
linkgit:git-branch[1]
+linkgit:git-commit[1]
+linkgit:git-var[1]
linkgit:git[1]
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rerere.txt b/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
index a62227f..9ee083c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ Prune records of conflicted merges that
occurred a long time ago. By default, unresolved conflicts older
than 15 days and resolved conflicts older than 60
days are pruned. These defaults are controlled via the
-`gc.rerereunresolved` and `gc.rerereresolved` configuration
+`gc.rerereUnresolved` and `gc.rerereResolved` configuration
variables respectively.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
index 7a1585d..b10ea60 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
@@ -9,53 +9,54 @@ git-rev-list - Lists commit objects in reverse chronological order
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git rev-list' [ \--max-count=<number> ]
- [ \--skip=<number> ]
- [ \--max-age=<timestamp> ]
- [ \--min-age=<timestamp> ]
- [ \--sparse ]
- [ \--merges ]
- [ \--no-merges ]
- [ \--min-parents=<number> ]
- [ \--no-min-parents ]
- [ \--max-parents=<number> ]
- [ \--no-max-parents ]
- [ \--first-parent ]
- [ \--remove-empty ]
- [ \--full-history ]
- [ \--not ]
- [ \--all ]
- [ \--branches[=<pattern>] ]
- [ \--tags[=<pattern>] ]
- [ \--remotes[=<pattern>] ]
- [ \--glob=<glob-pattern> ]
- [ \--ignore-missing ]
- [ \--stdin ]
- [ \--quiet ]
- [ \--topo-order ]
- [ \--parents ]
- [ \--timestamp ]
- [ \--left-right ]
- [ \--left-only ]
- [ \--right-only ]
- [ \--cherry-mark ]
- [ \--cherry-pick ]
- [ \--encoding=<encoding> ]
- [ \--(author|committer|grep)=<pattern> ]
- [ \--regexp-ignore-case | -i ]
- [ \--extended-regexp | -E ]
- [ \--fixed-strings | -F ]
- [ \--date=(local|relative|default|iso|rfc|short) ]
- [ [\--objects | \--objects-edge] [ \--unpacked ] ]
- [ \--pretty | \--header ]
- [ \--bisect ]
- [ \--bisect-vars ]
- [ \--bisect-all ]
- [ \--merge ]
- [ \--reverse ]
- [ \--walk-reflogs ]
- [ \--no-walk ] [ \--do-walk ]
- [ \--use-bitmap-index ]
+'git rev-list' [ --max-count=<number> ]
+ [ --skip=<number> ]
+ [ --max-age=<timestamp> ]
+ [ --min-age=<timestamp> ]
+ [ --sparse ]
+ [ --merges ]
+ [ --no-merges ]
+ [ --min-parents=<number> ]
+ [ --no-min-parents ]
+ [ --max-parents=<number> ]
+ [ --no-max-parents ]
+ [ --first-parent ]
+ [ --remove-empty ]
+ [ --full-history ]
+ [ --not ]
+ [ --all ]
+ [ --branches[=<pattern>] ]
+ [ --tags[=<pattern>] ]
+ [ --remotes[=<pattern>] ]
+ [ --glob=<glob-pattern> ]
+ [ --ignore-missing ]
+ [ --stdin ]
+ [ --quiet ]
+ [ --topo-order ]
+ [ --parents ]
+ [ --timestamp ]
+ [ --left-right ]
+ [ --left-only ]
+ [ --right-only ]
+ [ --cherry-mark ]
+ [ --cherry-pick ]
+ [ --encoding=<encoding> ]
+ [ --(author|committer|grep)=<pattern> ]
+ [ --regexp-ignore-case | -i ]
+ [ --extended-regexp | -E ]
+ [ --fixed-strings | -F ]
+ [ --date=(local|relative|default|iso|iso-strict|rfc|short) ]
+ [ [ --objects | --objects-edge | --objects-edge-aggressive ]
+ [ --unpacked ] ]
+ [ --pretty | --header ]
+ [ --bisect ]
+ [ --bisect-vars ]
+ [ --bisect-all ]
+ [ --merge ]
+ [ --reverse ]
+ [ --walk-reflogs ]
+ [ --no-walk ] [ --do-walk ]
+ [ --use-bitmap-index ]
<commit>... [ \-- <paths>... ]
DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
index 54143a0..c483100 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ eval "set -- $(git rev-parse --sq --prefix "$prefix" "$@")"
+
If you want to make sure that the output actually names an object in
your object database and/or can be used as a specific type of object
-you require, you can add "\^{type}" peeling operator to the parameter.
+you require, you can add the `^{type}` peeling operator to the parameter.
For example, `git rev-parse "$VAR^{commit}"` will make sure `$VAR`
names an existing object that is a commit-ish (i.e. a commit, or an
annotated tag that points at a commit). To make sure that `$VAR`
@@ -114,6 +114,7 @@ can be used.
Only meaningful in `--verify` mode. Do not output an error
message if the first argument is not a valid object name;
instead exit with non-zero status silently.
+ SHA-1s for valid object names are printed to stdout on success.
--sq::
Usually the output is made one line per flag and
@@ -146,7 +147,7 @@ can be used.
form as close to the original input as possible.
--symbolic-full-name::
- This is similar to \--symbolic, but it omits input that
+ This is similar to --symbolic, but it omits input that
are not refs (i.e. branch or tag names; or more
explicitly disambiguating "heads/master" form, when you
want to name the "master" branch when there is an
@@ -183,7 +184,7 @@ shown. If the pattern does not contain a globbing character (`?`,
consider. Repetitions of this option accumulate exclusion patterns
up to the next `--all`, `--branches`, `--tags`, `--remotes`, or
`--glob` option (other options or arguments do not clear
- accumlated patterns).
+ accumulated patterns).
+
The patterns given should not begin with `refs/heads`, `refs/tags`, or
`refs/remotes` when applied to `--branches`, `--tags`, or `--remotes`,
@@ -215,6 +216,9 @@ If `$GIT_DIR` is not defined and the current directory
is not detected to lie in a Git repository or work tree
print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
+--git-common-dir::
+ Show `$GIT_COMMON_DIR` if defined, else `$GIT_DIR`.
+
--is-inside-git-dir::
When the current working directory is below the repository
directory print "true", otherwise "false".
@@ -232,6 +236,13 @@ print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
repository. If <path> is a gitfile then the resolved path
to the real repository is printed.
+--git-path <path>::
+ Resolve "$GIT_DIR/<path>" and takes other path relocation
+ variables such as $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY,
+ $GIT_INDEX_FILE... into account. For example, if
+ $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY is set to /foo/bar then "git rev-parse
+ --git-path objects/abc" returns /foo/bar/abc.
+
--show-cdup::
When the command is invoked from a subdirectory, show the
path of the top-level directory relative to the current
@@ -245,6 +256,10 @@ print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
--show-toplevel::
Show the absolute path of the top-level directory.
+--shared-index-path::
+ Show the path to the shared index file in split index mode, or
+ empty if not in split-index mode.
+
Other Options
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
index f0e57a5..7ae467b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ files in the directory), or directly as a revision list. In the
last case, any format accepted by linkgit:git-format-patch[1] can
be passed to git send-email.
-The header of the email is configurable by command line options. If not
+The header of the email is configurable via command-line options. If not
specified on the command line, the user will be prompted with a ReadLine
enabled interface to provide the necessary information.
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ Composing
--annotate::
Review and edit each patch you're about to send. Default is the value
of 'sendemail.annotate'. See the CONFIGURATION section for
- 'sendemail.multiedit'.
+ 'sendemail.multiEdit'.
--bcc=<address>::
Specify a "Bcc:" value for each email. Default is the value of
@@ -68,17 +68,17 @@ The --cc option must be repeated for each user you want on the cc list.
When '--compose' is used, git send-email will use the From, Subject, and
In-Reply-To headers specified in the message. If the body of the message
(what you type after the headers and a blank line) only contains blank
-(or Git: prefixed) lines the summary won't be sent, but From, Subject,
+(or Git: prefixed) lines, the summary won't be sent, but From, Subject,
and In-Reply-To headers will be used unless they are removed.
+
Missing From or In-Reply-To headers will be prompted for.
+
-See the CONFIGURATION section for 'sendemail.multiedit'.
+See the CONFIGURATION section for 'sendemail.multiEdit'.
--from=<address>::
Specify the sender of the emails. If not specified on the command line,
the value of the 'sendemail.from' configuration option is used. If
- neither the command line option nor 'sendemail.from' are set, then the
+ neither the command-line option nor 'sendemail.from' are set, then the
user will be prompted for the value. The default for the prompt will be
the value of GIT_AUTHOR_IDENT, or GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT if that is not
set, as returned by "git var -l".
@@ -131,6 +131,21 @@ Note that no attempts whatsoever are made to validate the encoding.
Specify encoding of compose message. Default is the value of the
'sendemail.composeencoding'; if that is unspecified, UTF-8 is assumed.
+--transfer-encoding=(7bit|8bit|quoted-printable|base64)::
+ Specify the transfer encoding to be used to send the message over SMTP.
+ 7bit will fail upon encountering a non-ASCII message. quoted-printable
+ can be useful when the repository contains files that contain carriage
+ returns, but makes the raw patch email file (as saved from a MUA) much
+ harder to inspect manually. base64 is even more fool proof, but also
+ even more opaque. Default is the value of the 'sendemail.transferEncoding'
+ configuration value; if that is unspecified, git will use 8bit and not
+ add a Content-Transfer-Encoding header.
+
+--xmailer::
+--no-xmailer::
+ Add (or prevent adding) the "X-Mailer:" header. By default,
+ the header is added, but it can be turned off by setting the
+ `sendemail.xmailer` configuration variable to `false`.
Sending
~~~~~~~
@@ -141,31 +156,31 @@ Sending
subscribed to a list. In order to use the 'From' address, set the
value to "auto". If you use the sendmail binary, you must have
suitable privileges for the -f parameter. Default is the value of the
- 'sendemail.envelopesender' configuration variable; if that is
+ 'sendemail.envelopeSender' configuration variable; if that is
unspecified, choosing the envelope sender is left to your MTA.
--smtp-encryption=<encryption>::
Specify the encryption to use, either 'ssl' or 'tls'. Any other
value reverts to plain SMTP. Default is the value of
- 'sendemail.smtpencryption'.
+ 'sendemail.smtpEncryption'.
--smtp-domain=<FQDN>::
Specifies the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) used in the
HELO/EHLO command to the SMTP server. Some servers require the
FQDN to match your IP address. If not set, git send-email attempts
to determine your FQDN automatically. Default is the value of
- 'sendemail.smtpdomain'.
+ 'sendemail.smtpDomain'.
--smtp-pass[=<password>]::
Password for SMTP-AUTH. The argument is optional: If no
argument is specified, then the empty string is used as
- the password. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtppass',
+ the password. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpPass',
however '--smtp-pass' always overrides this value.
+
Furthermore, passwords need not be specified in configuration files
or on the command line. If a username has been specified (with
-'--smtp-user' or a 'sendemail.smtpuser'), but no password has been
-specified (with '--smtp-pass' or 'sendemail.smtppass'), then
+'--smtp-user' or a 'sendemail.smtpUser'), but no password has been
+specified (with '--smtp-pass' or 'sendemail.smtpPass'), then
a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
--smtp-server=<host>::
@@ -173,7 +188,7 @@ a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
`smtp.example.com` or a raw IP address). Alternatively it can
specify a full pathname of a sendmail-like program instead;
the program must support the `-i` option. Default value can
- be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpserver' configuration
+ be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpServer' configuration
option; the built-in default is `/usr/sbin/sendmail` or
`/usr/lib/sendmail` if such program is available, or
`localhost` otherwise.
@@ -184,11 +199,11 @@ a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
submission port 587, or the common SSL smtp port 465);
symbolic port names (e.g. "submission" instead of 587)
are also accepted. The port can also be set with the
- 'sendemail.smtpserverport' configuration variable.
+ 'sendemail.smtpServerPort' configuration variable.
--smtp-server-option=<option>::
If set, specifies the outgoing SMTP server option to use.
- Default value can be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpserveroption'
+ Default value can be specified by the 'sendemail.smtpServerOption'
configuration option.
+
The --smtp-server-option option must be repeated for each option you want
@@ -199,14 +214,19 @@ must be used for each option.
Legacy alias for '--smtp-encryption ssl'.
--smtp-ssl-cert-path::
- Path to ca-certificates (either a directory or a single file).
- Set it to an empty string to disable certificate verification.
- Defaults to the value set to the 'sendemail.smtpsslcertpath'
- configuration variable, if set, or `/etc/ssl/certs` otherwise.
+ Path to a store of trusted CA certificates for SMTP SSL/TLS
+ certificate validation (either a directory that has been processed
+ by 'c_rehash', or a single file containing one or more PEM format
+ certificates concatenated together: see verify(1) -CAfile and
+ -CApath for more information on these). Set it to an empty string
+ to disable certificate verification. Defaults to the value of the
+ 'sendemail.smtpsslcertpath' configuration variable, if set, or the
+ backing SSL library's compiled-in default otherwise (which should
+ be the best choice on most platforms).
--smtp-user=<user>::
- Username for SMTP-AUTH. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpuser';
- if a username is not specified (with '--smtp-user' or 'sendemail.smtpuser'),
+ Username for SMTP-AUTH. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpUser';
+ if a username is not specified (with '--smtp-user' or 'sendemail.smtpUser'),
then authentication is not attempted.
--smtp-debug=0|1::
@@ -227,14 +247,14 @@ Automating
Specify a command to execute once per patch file which
should generate patch file specific "Cc:" entries.
Output of this command must be single email address per line.
- Default is the value of 'sendemail.cccmd' configuration value.
+ Default is the value of 'sendemail.ccCmd' configuration value.
--[no-]chain-reply-to::
If this is set, each email will be sent as a reply to the previous
email sent. If disabled with "--no-chain-reply-to", all emails after
the first will be sent as replies to the first email sent. When using
this, it is recommended that the first file given be an overview of the
- entire patch series. Disabled by default, but the 'sendemail.chainreplyto'
+ entire patch series. Disabled by default, but the 'sendemail.chainReplyTo'
configuration variable can be used to enable it.
--identity=<identity>::
@@ -248,6 +268,18 @@ Automating
cc list. Default is the value of 'sendemail.signedoffbycc' configuration
value; if that is unspecified, default to --signed-off-by-cc.
+--[no-]cc-cover::
+ If this is set, emails found in Cc: headers in the first patch of
+ the series (typically the cover letter) are added to the cc list
+ for each email set. Default is the value of 'sendemail.cccover'
+ configuration value; if that is unspecified, default to --no-cc-cover.
+
+--[no-]to-cover::
+ If this is set, emails found in To: headers in the first patch of
+ the series (typically the cover letter) are added to the to list
+ for each email set. Default is the value of 'sendemail.tocover'
+ configuration value; if that is unspecified, default to --no-to-cover.
+
--suppress-cc=<category>::
Specify an additional category of recipients to suppress the
auto-cc of:
@@ -272,7 +304,7 @@ specified, as well as 'body' if --no-signed-off-cc is specified.
--[no-]suppress-from::
If this is set, do not add the From: address to the cc: list.
- Default is the value of 'sendemail.suppressfrom' configuration
+ Default is the value of 'sendemail.suppressFrom' configuration
value; if that is unspecified, default to --no-suppress-from.
--[no-]thread::
@@ -345,15 +377,32 @@ default to '--validate'.
CONFIGURATION
-------------
-sendemail.aliasesfile::
+sendemail.aliasesFile::
To avoid typing long email addresses, point this to one or more
- email aliases files. You must also supply 'sendemail.aliasfiletype'.
+ email aliases files. You must also supply 'sendemail.aliasFileType'.
-sendemail.aliasfiletype::
- Format of the file(s) specified in sendemail.aliasesfile. Must be
- one of 'mutt', 'mailrc', 'pine', 'elm', or 'gnus'.
+sendemail.aliasFileType::
+ Format of the file(s) specified in sendemail.aliasesFile. Must be
+ one of 'mutt', 'mailrc', 'pine', 'elm', or 'gnus', or 'sendmail'.
++
+What an alias file in each format looks like can be found in
+the documentation of the email program of the same name. The
+differences and limitations from the standard formats are
+described below:
++
+--
+sendmail;;
+* Quoted aliases and quoted addresses are not supported: lines that
+ contain a `"` symbol are ignored.
+* Redirection to a file (`/path/name`) or pipe (`|command`) is not
+ supported.
+* File inclusion (`:include: /path/name`) is not supported.
+* Warnings are printed on the standard error output for any
+ explicitly unsupported constructs, and any other lines that are not
+ recognized by the parser.
+--
-sendemail.multiedit::
+sendemail.multiEdit::
If true (default), a single editor instance will be spawned to edit
files you have to edit (patches when '--annotate' is used, and the
summary when '--compose' is used). If false, files will be edited one
@@ -372,10 +421,10 @@ To use 'git send-email' to send your patches through the GMail SMTP server,
edit ~/.gitconfig to specify your account settings:
[sendemail]
- smtpencryption = tls
- smtpserver = smtp.gmail.com
- smtpuser = yourname@gmail.com
- smtpserverport = 587
+ smtpEncryption = tls
+ smtpServer = smtp.gmail.com
+ smtpUser = yourname@gmail.com
+ smtpServerPort = 587
Once your commits are ready to be sent to the mailing list, run the
following commands:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
index dc3a568..b5d09f7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-send-pack - Push objects over Git protocol to another repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git send-pack' [--all] [--dry-run] [--force] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>] [--verbose] [--thin] [<host>:]<directory> [<ref>...]
+'git send-pack' [--all] [--dry-run] [--force] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>] [--verbose] [--thin] [--atomic] [<host>:]<directory> [<ref>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -29,12 +29,22 @@ OPTIONS
a directory on the default $PATH.
--exec=<git-receive-pack>::
- Same as \--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>.
+ Same as --receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>.
--all::
Instead of explicitly specifying which refs to update,
update all heads that locally exist.
+--stdin::
+ Take the list of refs from stdin, one per line. If there
+ are refs specified on the command line in addition to this
+ option, then the refs from stdin are processed after those
+ on the command line.
++
+If '--stateless-rpc' is specified together with this option then
+the list of refs must be in packet format (pkt-line). Each ref must
+be in a separate packet, and the list must end with a flush packet.
+
--dry-run::
Do everything except actually send the updates.
@@ -52,6 +62,11 @@ OPTIONS
Send a "thin" pack, which records objects in deltified form based
on objects not included in the pack to reduce network traffic.
+--atomic::
+ Use an atomic transaction for updating the refs. If any of the refs
+ fails to update then the entire push will fail without changing any
+ refs.
+
<host>::
A remote host to house the repository. When this
part is specified, 'git-receive-pack' is invoked via
@@ -77,7 +92,8 @@ this flag.
Without '--all' and without any '<ref>', the heads that exist
both on the local side and on the remote side are updated.
-When one or more '<ref>' are specified explicitly, it can be either a
+When one or more '<ref>' are specified explicitly (whether on the
+command line or via `--stdin`), it can be either a
single pattern, or a pair of such pattern separated by a colon
":" (this means that a ref name cannot have a colon in it). A
single pattern '<name>' is just a shorthand for '<name>:<name>'.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show.txt b/Documentation/git-show.txt
index 4e617e6..82a4125 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show.txt
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ presents the merge commit in a special format as produced by
For tags, it shows the tag message and the referenced objects.
For trees, it shows the names (equivalent to 'git ls-tree'
-with \--name-only).
+with --name-only).
For plain blobs, it shows the plain contents.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stage.txt b/Documentation/git-stage.txt
index ba3fe0d..25bcda9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stage.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stage.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
git-stage(1)
-==============
+============
NAME
----
diff --git a/Documentation/git-status.txt b/Documentation/git-status.txt
index def635f..335f312 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-status.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-status.txt
@@ -41,6 +41,14 @@ OPTIONS
--long::
Give the output in the long-format. This is the default.
+-v::
+--verbose::
+ In addition to the names of files that have been changed, also
+ show the textual changes that are staged to be committed
+ (i.e., like the output of `git diff --cached`). If `-v` is specified
+ twice, then also show the changes in the working tree that
+ have not yet been staged (i.e., like the output of `git diff`).
+
-u[<mode>]::
--untracked-files[=<mode>]::
Show untracked files.
@@ -58,7 +66,10 @@ When `-u` option is not used, untracked files and directories are
shown (i.e. the same as specifying `normal`), to help you avoid
forgetting to add newly created files. Because it takes extra work
to find untracked files in the filesystem, this mode may take some
-time in a large working tree. You can use `no` to have `git status`
+time in a large working tree.
+Consider enabling untracked cache and split index if supported (see
+`git update-index --untracked-cache` and `git update-index
+--split-index`), Otherwise you can use `no` to have `git status`
return more quickly without showing untracked files.
+
The default can be changed using the status.showUntrackedFiles
@@ -77,7 +88,7 @@ configuration variable documented in linkgit:git-config[1].
only changes to the commits stored in the superproject are shown (this was
the behavior before 1.7.0). Using "all" hides all changes to submodules
(and suppresses the output of submodule summaries when the config option
- `status.submodulesummary` is set).
+ `status.submoduleSummary` is set).
--ignored::
Show ignored files as well.
@@ -116,7 +127,7 @@ In the short-format, the status of each path is shown as
where `PATH1` is the path in the `HEAD`, and the " `-> PATH2`" part is
shown only when `PATH1` corresponds to a different path in the
-index/worktree (i.e. the file is renamed). The 'XY' is a two-letter
+index/worktree (i.e. the file is renamed). The `XY` is a two-letter
status code.
The fields (including the `->`) are separated from each other by a
@@ -125,7 +136,7 @@ characters, that field will be quoted in the manner of a C string
literal: surrounded by ASCII double quote (34) characters, and with
interior special characters backslash-escaped.
-For paths with merge conflicts, `X` and 'Y' show the modification
+For paths with merge conflicts, `X` and `Y` show the modification
states of each side of the merge. For paths that do not have merge
conflicts, `X` shows the status of the index, and `Y` shows the status
of the work tree. For untracked paths, `XY` are `??`. Other status
@@ -207,7 +218,7 @@ If the config variable `status.relativePaths` is set to false, then all
paths shown are relative to the repository root, not to the current
directory.
-If `status.submodulesummary` is set to a non zero number or true (identical
+If `status.submoduleSummary` is set to a non zero number or true (identical
to -1 or an unlimited number), the submodule summary will be enabled for
the long format and a summary of commits for modified submodules will be
shown (see --summary-limit option of linkgit:git-submodule[1]). Please note
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
index c87bfcb..60328d5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git stripspace' [-s | --strip-comments] < input
+'git stripspace' [-c | --comment-lines] < input
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -48,7 +49,7 @@ EXAMPLES
Given the following noisy input with '$' indicating the end of a line:
---------
+---------
|A brief introduction $
| $
|$
@@ -64,7 +65,7 @@ Given the following noisy input with '$' indicating the end of a line:
Use 'git stripspace' with no arguments to obtain:
---------
+---------
|A brief introduction$
|$
|A new paragraph$
@@ -78,7 +79,7 @@ Use 'git stripspace' with no arguments to obtain:
Use 'git stripspace --strip-comments' to obtain:
---------
+---------
|A brief introduction$
|$
|A new paragraph$
diff --git a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
index 8e6af65..f17687e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
@@ -25,22 +25,17 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Submodules allow foreign repositories to be embedded within
-a dedicated subdirectory of the source tree, always pointed
-at a particular commit.
+Inspects, updates and manages submodules.
-They are not to be confused with remotes, which are meant mainly
-for branches of the same project; submodules are meant for
-different projects you would like to make part of your source tree,
-while the history of the two projects still stays completely
-independent and you cannot modify the contents of the submodule
-from within the main project.
-If you want to merge the project histories and want to treat the
-aggregated whole as a single project from then on, you may want to
-add a remote for the other project and use the 'subtree' merge strategy,
-instead of treating the other project as a submodule. Directories
-that come from both projects can be cloned and checked out as a whole
-if you choose to go that route.
+A submodule allows you to keep another Git repository in a subdirectory
+of your repository. The other repository has its own history, which does not
+interfere with the history of the current repository. This can be used to
+have external dependencies such as third party libraries for example.
+
+When cloning or pulling a repository containing submodules however,
+these will not be checked out by default; the 'init' and 'update'
+subcommands will maintain submodules checked out and at
+appropriate revision in your working tree.
Submodules are composed from a so-called `gitlink` tree entry
in the main repository that refers to a particular commit object
@@ -51,19 +46,18 @@ describes the default URL the submodule shall be cloned from.
The logical name can be used for overriding this URL within your
local repository configuration (see 'submodule init').
-This command will manage the tree entries and contents of the
-gitmodules file for you, as well as inspect the status of your
-submodules and update them.
-When adding a new submodule to the tree, the 'add' subcommand
-is to be used. However, when pulling a tree containing submodules,
-these will not be checked out by default;
-the 'init' and 'update' subcommands will maintain submodules
-checked out and at appropriate revision in your working tree.
-You can briefly inspect the up-to-date status of your submodules
-using the 'status' subcommand and get a detailed overview of the
-difference between the index and checkouts using the 'summary'
-subcommand.
-
+Submodules are not to be confused with remotes, which are other
+repositories of the same project; submodules are meant for
+different projects you would like to make part of your source tree,
+while the history of the two projects still stays completely
+independent and you cannot modify the contents of the submodule
+from within the main project.
+If you want to merge the project histories and want to treat the
+aggregated whole as a single project from then on, you may want to
+add a remote for the other project and use the 'subtree' merge strategy,
+instead of treating the other project as a submodule. Directories
+that come from both projects can be cloned and checked out as a whole
+if you choose to go that route.
COMMANDS
--------
@@ -154,27 +148,51 @@ If `--force` is specified, the submodule's work tree will be removed even if
it contains local modifications.
update::
- Update the registered submodules, i.e. clone missing submodules and
- checkout the commit specified in the index of the containing repository.
- This will make the submodules HEAD be detached unless `--rebase` or
- `--merge` is specified or the key `submodule.$name.update` is set to
- `rebase`, `merge` or `none`. `none` can be overridden by specifying
- `--checkout`. Setting the key `submodule.$name.update` to `!command`
- will cause `command` to be run. `command` can be any arbitrary shell
- command that takes a single argument, namely the sha1 to update to.
+
+--
+Update the registered submodules to match what the superproject
+expects by cloning missing submodules and updating the working tree of
+the submodules. The "updating" can be done in several ways depending
+on command line options and the value of `submodule.<name>.update`
+configuration variable. Supported update procedures are:
+
+ checkout;; the commit recorded in the superproject will be
+ checked out in the submodule on a detached HEAD. This is
+ done when `--checkout` option is given, or no option is
+ given, and `submodule.<name>.update` is unset, or if it is
+ set to 'checkout'.
++
+If `--force` is specified, the submodule will be checked out (using
+`git checkout --force` if appropriate), even if the commit specified
+in the index of the containing repository already matches the commit
+checked out in the submodule.
+
+ rebase;; the current branch of the submodule will be rebased
+ onto the commit recorded in the superproject. This is done
+ when `--rebase` option is given, or no option is given, and
+ `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'rebase'.
+
+ merge;; the commit recorded in the superproject will be merged
+ into the current branch in the submodule. This is done
+ when `--merge` option is given, or no option is given, and
+ `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'merge'.
+
+ custom command;; arbitrary shell command that takes a single
+ argument (the sha1 of the commit recorded in the
+ superproject) is executed. This is done when no option is
+ given, and `submodule.<name>.update` has the form of
+ '!command'.
+
+When no option is given and `submodule.<name>.update` is set to 'none',
+the submodule is not updated.
+
If the submodule is not yet initialized, and you just want to use the
setting as stored in .gitmodules, you can automatically initialize the
submodule with the `--init` option.
-+
+
If `--recursive` is specified, this command will recurse into the
registered submodules, and update any nested submodules within.
-+
-If `--force` is specified, the submodule will be checked out (using
-`git checkout --force` if appropriate), even if the commit specified in the
-index of the containing repository already matches the commit checked out in
-the submodule.
-
+--
summary::
Show commit summary between the given commit (defaults to HEAD) and
working tree/index. For a submodule in question, a series of commits
@@ -238,10 +256,12 @@ OPTIONS
When running add, allow adding an otherwise ignored submodule path.
When running deinit the submodule work trees will be removed even if
they contain local changes.
- When running update, throw away local changes in submodules when
- switching to a different commit; and always run a checkout operation
- in the submodule, even if the commit listed in the index of the
- containing repository matches the commit checked out in the submodule.
+ When running update (only effective with the checkout procedure),
+ throw away local changes in submodules when switching to a
+ different commit; and always run a checkout operation in the
+ submodule, even if the commit listed in the index of the
+ containing repository matches the commit checked out in the
+ submodule.
--cached::
This option is only valid for status and summary commands. These
@@ -302,7 +322,7 @@ the submodule itself.
Checkout the commit recorded in the superproject on a detached HEAD
in the submodule. This is the default behavior, the main use of
this option is to override `submodule.$name.update` when set to
- `merge`, `rebase` or `none`.
+ a value other than `checkout`.
If the key `submodule.$name.update` is either not explicitly set or
set to `checkout`, this option is implicit.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-svn.txt b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
index fce5853..11d1e2f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-svn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
@@ -70,8 +70,8 @@ COMMANDS
--username=<user>;;
For transports that SVN handles authentication for (http,
https, and plain svn), specify the username. For other
- transports (eg svn+ssh://), you must include the username in
- the URL, eg svn+ssh://foo@svn.bar.com/project
+ transports (e.g. `svn+ssh://`), you must include the username in
+ the URL, e.g. `svn+ssh://foo@svn.bar.com/project`
--prefix=<prefix>;;
This allows one to specify a prefix which is prepended
to the names of remotes if trunk/branches/tags are
@@ -148,8 +148,8 @@ the same local time zone.
[verse]
config key: svn-remote.<name>.ignore-paths
+
-If the ignore-paths config key is set and the command line option is
-also given, both regular expressions will be used.
+If the ignore-paths configuration key is set, and the command-line
+option is also given, both regular expressions will be used.
+
Examples:
+
@@ -252,6 +252,10 @@ Use of 'dcommit' is preferred to 'set-tree' (below).
config key: svn-remote.<name>.commiturl
config key: svn.commiturl (overwrites all svn-remote.<name>.commiturl options)
+
+Note that the SVN URL of the commiturl config key includes the SVN branch.
+If you rather want to set the commit URL for an entire SVN repository use
+svn-remote.<name>.pushurl instead.
++
Using this option for any other purpose (don't ask) is very strongly
discouraged.
@@ -275,9 +279,9 @@ first have already been pushed into SVN.
Ask the user to confirm that a patch set should actually be sent to SVN.
For each patch, one may answer "yes" (accept this patch), "no" (discard this
patch), "all" (accept all patches), or "quit".
- +
- 'git svn dcommit' returns immediately if answer is "no" or "quit", without
- committing anything to SVN.
++
+'git svn dcommit' returns immediately if answer is "no" or "quit", without
+committing anything to SVN.
'branch'::
Create a branch in the SVN repository.
@@ -386,11 +390,13 @@ Any other arguments are passed directly to 'git log'
tree-ish to specify which branch should be searched). When given a
tree-ish, returns the corresponding SVN revision number.
+
+-B;;
--before;;
Don't require an exact match if given an SVN revision, instead find
the commit corresponding to the state of the SVN repository (on the
current branch) at the specified revision.
+
+-A;;
--after;;
Don't require an exact match if given an SVN revision; if there is
not an exact match return the closest match searching forward in the
@@ -608,21 +614,6 @@ config key: svn.authorsfile
Make 'git svn' less verbose. Specify a second time to make it
even less verbose.
---repack[=<n>]::
---repack-flags=<flags>::
- These should help keep disk usage sane for large fetches with
- many revisions.
-+
---repack takes an optional argument for the number of revisions
-to fetch before repacking. This defaults to repacking every
-1000 commits fetched if no argument is specified.
-+
---repack-flags are passed directly to 'git repack'.
-+
-[verse]
-config key: svn.repack
-config key: svn.repackflags
-
-m::
--merge::
-s<strategy>::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
index 303de8e..034d10d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
@@ -98,8 +98,13 @@ OPTIONS
--sort=<type>::
Sort in a specific order. Supported type is "refname"
(lexicographic order), "version:refname" or "v:refname" (tag
- names are treated as versions). Prepend "-" to reverse sort
- order.
+ names are treated as versions). The "version:refname" sort
+ order can also be affected by the
+ "versionsort.prereleaseSuffix" configuration variable. Prepend
+ "-" to reverse sort order. When this option is not given, the
+ sort ord