summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
-rw-r--r--.gitignore12
-rw-r--r--.mailmap29
-rw-r--r--Documentation/.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/CodingGuidelines86
-rw-r--r--Documentation/Makefile134
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.1.txt134
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.2.txt40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.3.txt34
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.4.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.txt136
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.1.txt64
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.2.txt34
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.3.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.txt267
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.1.txt87
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.2.txt25
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.3.txt47
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.4.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.5.txt47
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt39
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.txt241
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt115
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt61
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt19
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.txt495
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.txt436
-rw-r--r--Documentation/SubmittingPatches183
-rw-r--r--Documentation/asciidoc.conf2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/blame-options.txt4
-rwxr-xr-xDocumentation/cat-texi.perl1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/config.txt338
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-config.txt49
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-options.txt37
-rw-r--r--Documentation/everyday.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/fetch-options.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-add.txt53
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-am.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-apply.txt15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-archimport.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-archive.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt26
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bisect.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-blame.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-branch.txt42
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bundle.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cat-file.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-checkout.txt67
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clean.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clone.txt50
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit.txt84
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-config.txt24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-count-objects.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential-cache--daemon.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential-cache.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential-store.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential.txt154
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cvsexportcommit.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt65
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-daemon.txt42
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-describe.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-difftool.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-export.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-import.txt119
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fetch.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt50
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-format-patch.txt47
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fsck.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-gc.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-grep.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-gui.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-hash-object.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-help.txt32
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-http-backend.txt84
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-http-fetch.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-index-pack.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-init-db.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-init.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-log.txt37
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-files.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-base.txt28
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-index.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge.txt33
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mergetool--lib.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mergetool.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mktag.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mv.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-notes.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-p4.txt138
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-patch-id.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pull.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-push.txt70
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rebase.txt59
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-reflog.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote-helpers.txto9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote-testgit.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-replace.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-reset.txt26
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-list.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt41
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-revert.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rm.txt27
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-email.txt15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-pack.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-shell.txt82
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-shortlog.txt31
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show-branch.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show-index.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show-ref.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-stash.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-status.txt25
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-stripspace.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-submodule.txt64
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-svn.txt226
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-symbolic-ref.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tag.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tools.txt44
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-index.txt38
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-ref.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-upload-archive.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-upload-pack.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-var.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-web--browse.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git.txt243
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitattributes.txt83
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcli.txt35
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt171
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcredentials.txt24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitglossary.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/githooks.txt49
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitignore.txt75
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitk.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitmodules.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitnamespaces.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt (renamed from Documentation/git-remote-helpers.txt)266
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitrevisions.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt52
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gittutorial.txt52
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt39
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitweb.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitworkflows.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/glossary-content.txt154
-rwxr-xr-xDocumentation/howto-index.sh4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/maintain-git.txt357
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/new-command.txt104
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/rebase-from-internal-branch.txt17
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/rebuild-from-update-hook.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-blob-object.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/revert-a-faulty-merge.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/revert-branch-rebase.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/separating-topic-branches.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/update-hook-example.txt50
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/use-git-daemon.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/using-signed-tag-in-pull-request.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/i18n.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/mailmap.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/merge-config.txt24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/merge-options.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/merge-strategies.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pretty-formats.txt46
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pretty-options.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pt_BR/gittutorial.txt675
-rw-r--r--Documentation/rev-list-options.txt61
-rw-r--r--Documentation/revisions.txt27
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-allocation-growing.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-argv-array.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-builtin.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-config.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt61
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt27
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-history-graph.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-index-skel.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-ref-iteration.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-remote.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt31
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt74
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/index-format.txt19
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/pack-heuristics.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/racy-git.txt26
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/send-pack-pipeline.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/shallow.txt15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/trivial-merge.txt36
-rw-r--r--Documentation/urls-remotes.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/urls.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/user-manual.txt753
-rwxr-xr-xGIT-VERSION-GEN2
-rw-r--r--INSTALL7
-rw-r--r--Makefile1035
-rw-r--r--README24
l---------RelNotes2
-rw-r--r--abspath.c110
-rw-r--r--advice.c17
-rw-r--r--advice.h7
-rw-r--r--archive-tar.c12
-rw-r--r--archive-zip.c92
-rw-r--r--archive.c43
-rw-r--r--argv-array.c31
-rw-r--r--argv-array.h3
-rw-r--r--attr.c109
-rw-r--r--bisect.c44
-rw-r--r--bisect.h4
-rw-r--r--branch.c106
-rw-r--r--builtin.h11
-rw-r--r--builtin/add.c228
-rw-r--r--builtin/apply.c680
-rw-r--r--builtin/archive.c29
-rw-r--r--builtin/bisect--helper.c6
-rw-r--r--builtin/blame.c357
-rw-r--r--builtin/branch.c360
-rw-r--r--builtin/cat-file.c95
-rw-r--r--builtin/check-attr.c12
-rw-r--r--builtin/check-ignore.c17
-rw-r--r--builtin/checkout-index.c24
-rw-r--r--builtin/checkout.c398
-rw-r--r--builtin/clean.c170
-rw-r--r--builtin/clone.c218
-rw-r--r--builtin/column.c16
-rw-r--r--builtin/commit-tree.c6
-rw-r--r--builtin/commit.c255
-rw-r--r--builtin/config.c188
-rw-r--r--builtin/count-objects.c74
-rw-r--r--builtin/credential.c31
-rw-r--r--builtin/describe.c71
-rw-r--r--builtin/diff-index.c8
-rw-r--r--builtin/diff.c28
-rw-r--r--builtin/fast-export.c100
-rw-r--r--builtin/fetch-pack.c1020
-rw-r--r--builtin/fetch.c138
-rw-r--r--builtin/fmt-merge-msg.c59
-rw-r--r--builtin/for-each-ref.c18
-rw-r--r--builtin/fsck.c24
-rw-r--r--builtin/gc.c16
-rw-r--r--builtin/grep.c250
-rw-r--r--builtin/hash-object.c16
-rw-r--r--builtin/help.c109
-rw-r--r--builtin/index-pack.c263
-rw-r--r--builtin/init-db.c19
-rw-r--r--builtin/log.c321
-rw-r--r--builtin/ls-files.c72
-rw-r--r--builtin/ls-remote.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin/ls-tree.c24
-rw-r--r--builtin/mailinfo.c49
-rw-r--r--builtin/mailsplit.c23
-rw-r--r--builtin/merge-base.c34
-rw-r--r--builtin/merge-file.c20
-rw-r--r--builtin/merge-index.c4
-rw-r--r--builtin/merge-tree.c116
-rw-r--r--builtin/merge.c215
-rw-r--r--builtin/mktree.c8
-rw-r--r--builtin/mv.c10
-rw-r--r--builtin/name-rev.c22
-rw-r--r--builtin/notes.c161
-rw-r--r--builtin/pack-objects.c140
-rw-r--r--builtin/pack-redundant.c6
-rw-r--r--builtin/pack-refs.c6
-rw-r--r--builtin/prune-packed.c6
-rw-r--r--builtin/prune.c21
-rw-r--r--builtin/push.c129
-rw-r--r--builtin/read-tree.c38
-rw-r--r--builtin/receive-pack.c113
-rw-r--r--builtin/reflog.c35
-rw-r--r--builtin/remote.c88
-rw-r--r--builtin/replace.c27
-rw-r--r--builtin/rerere.c4
-rw-r--r--builtin/reset.c287
-rw-r--r--builtin/rev-list.c49
-rw-r--r--builtin/rev-parse.c32
-rw-r--r--builtin/revert.c40
-rw-r--r--builtin/rm.c156
-rw-r--r--builtin/send-pack.c349
-rw-r--r--builtin/shortlog.c73
-rw-r--r--builtin/show-branch.c59
-rw-r--r--builtin/show-ref.c51
-rw-r--r--builtin/stripspace.c49
-rw-r--r--builtin/symbolic-ref.c41
-rw-r--r--builtin/tag.c92
-rw-r--r--builtin/update-index.c68
-rw-r--r--builtin/update-ref.c10
-rw-r--r--builtin/update-server-info.c4
-rw-r--r--builtin/upload-archive.c45
-rw-r--r--builtin/verify-pack.c6
-rw-r--r--builtin/verify-tag.c6
-rw-r--r--builtin/write-tree.c10
-rw-r--r--bundle.c18
-rw-r--r--cache-tree.c61
-rw-r--r--cache-tree.h1
-rw-r--r--cache.h186
-rw-r--r--combine-diff.c310
-rw-r--r--command-list.txt4
-rw-r--r--commit.c429
-rw-r--r--commit.h30
-rw-r--r--compat/cygwin.c20
-rw-r--r--compat/cygwin.h5
-rw-r--r--compat/fnmatch/fnmatch.c29
-rw-r--r--compat/mingw.c114
-rw-r--r--compat/mingw.h11
-rw-r--r--compat/mkdir.c24
-rw-r--r--compat/msvc.h2
-rw-r--r--compat/nedmalloc/malloc.c.h6
-rw-r--r--compat/nedmalloc/nedmalloc.c5
-rw-r--r--compat/obstack.h2
-rw-r--r--compat/poll/poll.c (renamed from compat/win32/poll.c)14
-rw-r--r--compat/poll/poll.h (renamed from compat/win32/poll.h)0
-rw-r--r--compat/precompose_utf8.c184
-rw-r--r--compat/precompose_utf8.h45
-rw-r--r--compat/regex/regcomp.c4
-rw-r--r--compat/regex/regex.c2
-rw-r--r--compat/regex/regex_internal.c6
-rw-r--r--compat/strtok_r.c61
-rw-r--r--compat/terminal.c129
-rw-r--r--compat/vcbuild/include/sys/poll.h1
-rw-r--r--compat/vcbuild/include/unistd.h3
-rw-r--r--config.c144
-rw-r--r--config.mak.in61
-rw-r--r--config.mak.uname541
-rw-r--r--configure.ac244
-rw-r--r--connect.c74
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/ciabot/ciabot.py8
-rw-r--r--[-rwxr-xr-x]contrib/completion/git-completion.bash813
-rw-r--r--contrib/completion/git-completion.tcsh128
-rw-r--r--contrib/completion/git-completion.zsh205
-rw-r--r--contrib/completion/git-prompt.sh412
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/gnome-keyring/.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/gnome-keyring/Makefile24
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/gnome-keyring/git-credential-gnome-keyring.c445
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/netrc/Makefile5
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/credential/netrc/git-credential-netrc421
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/netrc/test.netrc13
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/credential/netrc/test.pl106
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/osxkeychain/git-credential-osxkeychain.c2
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/wincred/Makefile14
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/wincred/git-credential-wincred.c301
-rw-r--r--contrib/emacs/git.el2
-rw-r--r--contrib/examples/builtin-fetch--tool.c2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-remote.perl10
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-svnimport.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/fast-import/git-import.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/fast-import/git-import.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/fast-import/import-zips.py99
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/git-jump/git-jump4
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/hg-to-git/hg-to-git.py5
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/hooks/post-receive-email3
-rw-r--r--contrib/hooks/setgitperms.perl2
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/Makefile17
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/git-remote-mediawiki.perl (renamed from contrib/mw-to-git/git-remote-mediawiki)795
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/git-remote-mediawiki.txt2
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/t/.gitignore4
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/t/Makefile31
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/t/README124
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/t/install-wiki.sh45
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/t/install-wiki/.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/t/install-wiki/LocalSettings.php129
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/t/install-wiki/db_install.php120
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/t/push-pull-tests.sh144
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/t/t9360-mw-to-git-clone.sh257
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/t/t9361-mw-to-git-push-pull.sh24
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/t/t9362-mw-to-git-utf8.sh347
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/t/t9363-mw-to-git-export-import.sh198
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/t/t9364-pull-by-rev.sh17
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/t/test-gitmw-lib.sh435
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/t/test-gitmw.pl225
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/t/test.config35
-rw-r--r--contrib/p4import/git-p4import.py5
-rw-r--r--contrib/remote-helpers/Makefile14
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/git-remote-bzr959
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/git-remote-hg984
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/test-bzr.sh341
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/test-hg-bidi.sh247
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/test-hg-hg-git.sh536
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/test-hg.sh157
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/stats/mailmap.pl96
-rw-r--r--contrib/subtree/.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--contrib/subtree/Makefile5
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/subtree/git-subtree.sh20
-rw-r--r--contrib/subtree/git-subtree.txt5
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/subtree/t/t7900-subtree.sh80
-rw-r--r--contrib/svn-fe/svn-fe.c3
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/svn-fe/svnrdump_sim.py57
-rw-r--r--contrib/vim/README16
-rw-r--r--convert.c41
-rw-r--r--credential.c4
-rw-r--r--credential.h1
-rw-r--r--ctype.c15
-rw-r--r--daemon.c85
-rw-r--r--date.c34
-rw-r--r--diff.c379
-rw-r--r--diff.h7
-rw-r--r--diffcore-break.c3
-rw-r--r--diffcore-pickaxe.c163
-rw-r--r--diffcore-rename.c1
-rw-r--r--dir.c576
-rw-r--r--dir.h34
-rw-r--r--editor.c20
-rw-r--r--entry.c18
-rw-r--r--environment.c16
-rw-r--r--fast-import.c18
-rw-r--r--fetch-pack.c990
-rw-r--r--fetch-pack.h19
-rw-r--r--fsck.c15
-rw-r--r--gettext.c15
-rw-r--r--gettext.h7
-rwxr-xr-xgit-add--interactive.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-am.sh88
-rwxr-xr-xgit-archimport.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-bisect.sh18
-rw-r--r--git-compat-util.h117
-rwxr-xr-xgit-cvsexportcommit.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-cvsimport.perl73
-rwxr-xr-xgit-cvsserver.perl2393
-rwxr-xr-xgit-difftool--helper.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-difftool.perl403
-rwxr-xr-xgit-filter-branch.sh51
-rwxr-xr-xgit-gui/GIT-VERSION-GEN2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-gui/git-gui.sh36
-rw-r--r--git-gui/lib/commit.tcl3
-rw-r--r--git-gui/lib/status_bar.tcl1
-rw-r--r--git-gui/macosx/AppMain.tcl4
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/de.po38
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/fr.po2
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/git-gui.pot2
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/hu.po2
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/it.po2
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/ja.po2
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/nb.po2
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/pt_br.po2
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/ru.po2
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/sv.po2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-merge-one-file.sh63
-rw-r--r--git-mergetool--lib.sh267
-rwxr-xr-xgit-mergetool.sh39
-rwxr-xr-xgit-p4.py997
-rw-r--r--git-parse-remote.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-pull.sh13
-rwxr-xr-xgit-quiltimport.sh2
-rw-r--r--git-rebase--am.sh55
-rw-r--r--git-rebase--interactive.sh195
-rw-r--r--git-rebase--merge.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-rebase.sh134
-rwxr-xr-xgit-relink.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-remote-testgit.sh121
-rw-r--r--git-remote-testpy.py (renamed from git-remote-testgit.py)69
-rwxr-xr-xgit-send-email.perl233
-rw-r--r--git-sh-setup.sh87
-rwxr-xr-xgit-submodule.sh329
-rwxr-xr-xgit-svn.perl3381
-rwxr-xr-xgit-web--browse.sh4
-rw-r--r--git.c55
-rw-r--r--git_remote_helpers/.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--git_remote_helpers/Makefile12
-rw-r--r--git_remote_helpers/git/__init__.py5
-rw-r--r--git_remote_helpers/git/importer.py11
-rw-r--r--git_remote_helpers/setup.py10
-rw-r--r--gitk-git/.gitignore2
-rw-r--r--gitk-git/Makefile16
-rwxr-xr-xgitk-git/gitk445
-rw-r--r--gitk-git/po/sv.po720
-rw-r--r--gitweb/INSTALL13
-rw-r--r--gitweb/README3
-rwxr-xr-xgitweb/gitweb.perl107
-rw-r--r--gpg-interface.c28
-rw-r--r--gpg-interface.h14
-rw-r--r--graph.c12
-rw-r--r--graph.h6
-rw-r--r--grep.c322
-rw-r--r--grep.h35
-rw-r--r--hash.h7
-rw-r--r--help.c36
-rw-r--r--http-backend.c46
-rw-r--r--http-push.c36
-rw-r--r--http-walker.c4
-rw-r--r--http.c118
-rw-r--r--http.h20
-rw-r--r--ident.c46
-rw-r--r--imap-send.c507
-rw-r--r--kwset.c4
-rw-r--r--ll-merge.c46
-rw-r--r--log-tree.c275
-rw-r--r--log-tree.h5
-rw-r--r--mailmap.c248
-rw-r--r--mailmap.h4
-rw-r--r--match-trees.c68
-rw-r--r--merge-blobs.c (renamed from merge-file.c)4
-rw-r--r--merge-blobs.h8
-rw-r--r--merge-file.h7
-rw-r--r--merge-recursive.c175
-rw-r--r--merge-recursive.h5
-rw-r--r--merge.c112
-rw-r--r--mergetools/codecompare25
-rw-r--r--mergetools/defaults46
-rw-r--r--mergetools/gvimdiff1
-rw-r--r--mergetools/gvimdiff21
-rw-r--r--mergetools/kdiff32
-rw-r--r--mergetools/p4merge32
-rw-r--r--mergetools/tortoisemerge25
-rw-r--r--mergetools/vimdiff (renamed from mergetools/vim)12
-rw-r--r--mergetools/vimdiff21
-rw-r--r--name-hash.c184
-rw-r--r--notes-merge.c6
-rw-r--r--notes.c86
-rw-r--r--notes.h20
-rw-r--r--object.c10
-rw-r--r--object.h13
-rw-r--r--pack-refs.c18
-rw-r--r--pager.c52
-rw-r--r--parse-options-cb.c6
-rw-r--r--parse-options.c29
-rw-r--r--parse-options.h10
-rw-r--r--path.c190
-rw-r--r--perl/.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--perl/Git.pm302
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/I18N.pm2
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/IndexInfo.pm33
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN.pm2391
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN/Editor.pm30
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN/Fetcher.pm21
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN/GlobSpec.pm61
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN/Log.pm399
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN/Migration.pm258
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN/Prompt.pm36
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN/Ra.pm98
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN/Utils.pm232
-rw-r--r--perl/Makefile25
-rw-r--r--perl/Makefile.PL35
-rw-r--r--perl/private-Error.pm6
-rw-r--r--pkt-line.c129
-rw-r--r--pkt-line.h71
-rw-r--r--po/README6
-rw-r--r--po/TEAMS4
-rw-r--r--po/de.po7664
-rw-r--r--po/git.pot6441
-rw-r--r--po/sv.po6961
-rw-r--r--po/vi.po8230
-rw-r--r--po/zh_CN.po7028
-rw-r--r--pretty.c857
-rw-r--r--progress.c43
-rw-r--r--reachable.c4
-rw-r--r--read-cache.c140
-rw-r--r--refs.c304
-rw-r--r--refs.h5
-rw-r--r--remote-curl.c309
-rw-r--r--remote-testsvn.c344
-rw-r--r--remote.c273
-rw-r--r--remote.h5
-rw-r--r--rerere.c35
-rw-r--r--rerere.h1
-rw-r--r--resolve-undo.c19
-rw-r--r--resolve-undo.h1
-rw-r--r--revision.c225
-rw-r--r--revision.h16
-rw-r--r--run-command.c76
-rw-r--r--run-command.h2
-rw-r--r--send-pack.c341
-rw-r--r--sequencer.c212
-rw-r--r--sequencer.h10
-rw-r--r--setup.c87
-rw-r--r--sha1-array.c2
-rw-r--r--sha1-array.h1
-rw-r--r--sha1_file.c606
-rw-r--r--sha1_name.c578
-rw-r--r--shallow.c8
-rw-r--r--shell.c13
-rw-r--r--sideband.c11
-rw-r--r--sideband.h3
-rw-r--r--strbuf.c153
-rw-r--r--strbuf.h63
-rw-r--r--streaming.c6
-rw-r--r--string-list.c131
-rw-r--r--string-list.h73
-rw-r--r--submodule.c198
-rw-r--r--submodule.h8
-rw-r--r--symlinks.c7
-rw-r--r--t/Git-SVN/00compile.t14
-rw-r--r--t/Git-SVN/Utils/add_path_to_url.t27
-rw-r--r--t/Git-SVN/Utils/can_compress.t11
-rw-r--r--t/Git-SVN/Utils/canonicalize_url.t26
-rw-r--r--t/Git-SVN/Utils/collapse_dotdot.t23
-rw-r--r--t/Git-SVN/Utils/fatal.t34
-rw-r--r--t/Git-SVN/Utils/join_paths.t32
-rw-r--r--t/Makefile47
-rw-r--r--t/README40
-rwxr-xr-xt/check-non-portable-shell.pl27
-rw-r--r--t/lib-bash.sh18
-rwxr-xr-xt/lib-credential.sh43
-rw-r--r--t/lib-gettext.sh6
-rw-r--r--t/lib-git-p4.sh134
-rw-r--r--t/lib-git-svn.sh2
-rw-r--r--t/lib-gpg/pubring.gpgbin1164 -> 2359 bytes
-rw-r--r--t/lib-gpg/random_seedbin600 -> 600 bytes
-rw-r--r--t/lib-gpg/secring.gpgbin1237 -> 3734 bytes
-rw-r--r--t/lib-gpg/trustdb.gpgbin1280 -> 1360 bytes
-rw-r--r--t/lib-httpd.sh5
-rw-r--r--t/lib-httpd/apache.conf39
-rwxr-xr-xt/lib-httpd/broken-smart-http.sh11
-rw-r--r--t/perf/.gitignore5
-rw-r--r--t/perf/README2
-rw-r--r--t/perf/perf-lib.sh1
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0000-basic.sh274
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0003-attributes.sh50
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0006-date.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0007-git-var.sh49
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0024-crlf-archive.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0030-stripspace.sh35
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0040-parse-options.sh34
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0050-filesystem.sh116
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0060-path-utils.sh100
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0063-string-list.sh91
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0201-gettext-fallbacks.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0300-credentials.sh14
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1006-cat-file.sh9
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1011-read-tree-sparse-checkout.sh24
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1020-subdirectory.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1050-large.sh17
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1060-object-corruption.sh104
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1100-commit-tree-options.sh1
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1300-repo-config.sh358
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1304-default-acl.sh19
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1306-xdg-files.sh197
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1400-update-ref.sh18
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1401-symbolic-ref.sh30
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1402-check-ref-format.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1450-fsck.sh35
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1502-rev-parse-parseopt.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1504-ceiling-dirs.sh17
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1505-rev-parse-last.sh18
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1507-rev-parse-upstream.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1509/prepare-chroot.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1510-repo-setup.sh19
-rwxr-xr-xt/t1512-rev-parse-disambiguation.sh264
-rwxr-xr-xt/t2003-checkout-cache-mkdir.sh169
-rwxr-xr-xt/t2006-checkout-index-basic.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t2013-checkout-submodule.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t2020-checkout-detach.sh1
-rwxr-xr-xt/t2022-checkout-paths.sh22
-rwxr-xr-xt/t2024-checkout-dwim.sh167
-rwxr-xr-xt/t2030-unresolve-info.sh25
-rwxr-xr-xt/t2107-update-index-basic.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t2200-add-update.sh22
-rwxr-xr-xt/t2203-add-intent.sh20
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3001-ls-files-others-exclude.sh69
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3004-ls-files-basic.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3070-wildmatch.sh238
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3200-branch.sh494
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3201-branch-contains.sh35
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3203-branch-output.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3211-peel-ref.sh64
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3300-funny-names.sh24
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3400-rebase.sh18
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3404-rebase-interactive.sh204
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3405-rebase-malformed.sh32
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3406-rebase-message.sh9
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3412-rebase-root.sh7
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3501-revert-cherry-pick.sh13
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3505-cherry-pick-empty.sh5
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3506-cherry-pick-ff.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3507-cherry-pick-conflict.sh38
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3508-cherry-pick-many-commits.sh29
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3510-cherry-pick-sequence.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3511-cherry-pick-x.sh219
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3600-rm.sh425
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3701-add-interactive.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3902-quoted.sh31
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3903-stash.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3910-mac-os-precompose.sh153
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4001-diff-rename.sh54
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4006-diff-mode.sh46
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4012-diff-binary.sh94
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4014-format-patch.sh610
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4016-diff-quote.sh20
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4018-diff-funcname.sh7
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4030-diff-textconv.sh24
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4034-diff-words.sh8
-rw-r--r--t/t4034/ada/expect27
-rw-r--r--t/t4034/ada/post13
-rw-r--r--t/t4034/ada/pre13
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4038-diff-combined.sh264
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4041-diff-submodule-option.sh509
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4042-diff-textconv-caching.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4049-diff-stat-count.sh49
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4055-diff-context.sh92
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4108-apply-threeway.sh157
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4117-apply-reject.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4120-apply-popt.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4124-apply-ws-rule.sh28
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4133-apply-filenames.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4150-am.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4200-rerere.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4201-shortlog.sh24
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4202-log.sh60
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4203-mailmap.sh154
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4205-log-pretty-formats.sh181
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4207-log-decoration-colors.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4208-log-magic-pathspec.sh17
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4209-log-pickaxe.sh28
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4210-log-i18n.sh58
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4212-log-corrupt.sh42
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4300-merge-tree.sh114
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5000-tar-tree.sh74
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5002-archive-attr-pattern.sh84
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5003-archive-zip.sh131
-rw-r--r--t/t5003/infozip-symlinks.zipbin0 -> 328 bytes
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5004-archive-corner-cases.sh101
-rw-r--r--t/t5004/empty.zipbin0 -> 62 bytes
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5100-mailinfo.sh2
-rw-r--r--t/t5100/info00175
-rw-r--r--t/t5100/msg00172
-rw-r--r--t/t5100/patch00176
-rw-r--r--t/t5100/sample.mbox16
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5300-pack-object.sh7
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5304-prune.sh26
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5400-send-pack.sh5
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5404-tracking-branches.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5500-fetch-pack.sh115
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5503-tagfollow.sh64
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5504-fetch-receive-strict.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5505-remote.sh56
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5512-ls-remote.sh28
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5514-fetch-multiple.sh30
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5516-fetch-push.sh617
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5517-push-mirror.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5519-push-alternates.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5520-pull.sh18
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5521-pull-options.sh27
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5530-upload-pack-error.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5531-deep-submodule-push.sh1
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5535-fetch-push-symref.sh42
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5540-http-push.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5541-http-push.sh38
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5550-http-fetch.sh3
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5551-http-fetch.sh60
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5570-git-daemon.sh1
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5571-pre-push-hook.sh131
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5600-clone-fail-cleanup.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5700-clone-reference.sh31
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5701-clone-local.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5704-bundle.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5709-clone-refspec.sh156
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5710-info-alternate.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5800-remote-testpy.sh (renamed from t/t5800-remote-helpers.sh)37
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5801-remote-helpers.sh233
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6006-rev-list-format.sh75
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6009-rev-list-parent.sh13
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6012-rev-list-simplify.sh38
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6022-merge-rename.sh16
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6030-bisect-porcelain.sh46
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6037-merge-ours-theirs.sh14
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6042-merge-rename-corner-cases.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6050-replace.sh11
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6130-pathspec-noglob.sh68
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6200-fmt-merge-msg.sh118
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6500-gc.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7003-filter-branch.sh19
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7004-tag.sh17
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7008-grep-binary.sh22
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7060-wtstatus.sh97
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7061-wtstatus-ignore.sh265
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7062-wtstatus-ignorecase.sh20
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7102-reset.sh67
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7106-reset-unborn-branch.sh52
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7201-co.sh1
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7300-clean.sh34
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7400-submodule-basic.sh340
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7402-submodule-rebase.sh30
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7403-submodule-sync.sh143
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7406-submodule-update.sh46
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7407-submodule-foreach.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7409-submodule-detached-worktree.sh84
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7500-commit.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7500/add-content-and-comment5
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7502-commit.sh228
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7505-prepare-commit-msg-hook.sh14
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7508-status.sh91
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7512-status-help.sh739
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7600-merge.sh62
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7601-merge-pull-config.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7610-mergetool.sh15
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7612-merge-verify-signatures.sh61
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7800-difftool.sh445
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7810-grep.sh313
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7811-grep-open.sh5
-rwxr-xr-xt/t8004-blame-with-conflicts.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9001-send-email.sh123
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9010-svn-fe.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9020-remote-svn.sh89
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9100-git-svn-basic.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9107-git-svn-migrate.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9114-git-svn-dcommit-merge.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9118-git-svn-funky-branch-names.sh9
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9147-git-svn-include-paths.sh149
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9154-git-svn-fancy-glob.sh9
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9161-git-svn-mergeinfo-push.sh1
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9163-git-svn-reset-clears-caches.sh78
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9164-git-svn-dcommit-concurrent.sh216
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9165-git-svn-fetch-merge-branch-of-branch.sh60
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9166-git-svn-fetch-merge-branch-of-branch2.sh53
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9167-git-svn-cmd-branch-subproject.sh48
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9200-git-cvsexportcommit.sh5
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9300-fast-import.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9350-fast-export.sh71
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9400-git-cvsserver-server.sh73
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9401-git-cvsserver-crlf.sh36
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9402-git-cvsserver-refs.sh551
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9500-gitweb-standalone-no-errors.sh3
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9501-gitweb-standalone-http-status.sh15
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9502-gitweb-standalone-parse-output.sh17
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9604-cvsimport-timestamps.sh71
-rw-r--r--t/t9604/cvsroot/.gitattributes1
-rw-r--r--t/t9604/cvsroot/CVSROOT/.gitignore2
-rw-r--r--t/t9604/cvsroot/module/a,v264
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9700/test.pl6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9800-git-p4-basic.sh442
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9801-git-p4-branch.sh77
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh128
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9805-git-p4-skip-submit-edit.sh11
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9806-git-p4-options.sh174
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9807-git-p4-submit.sh234
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9808-git-p4-chdir.sh45
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9809-git-p4-client-view.sh33
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9810-git-p4-rcs.sh101
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9812-git-p4-wildcards.sh168
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9813-git-p4-preserve-users.sh153
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9814-git-p4-rename.sh241
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9815-git-p4-submit-fail.sh432
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9902-completion.sh255
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9903-bash-prompt.sh538
-rw-r--r--t/test-lib-functions.sh112
-rw-r--r--t/test-lib.sh259
-rwxr-xr-xt/test-terminal.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xt/valgrind/valgrind.sh27
-rw-r--r--templates/hooks--pre-push.sample53
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--update.sample2
-rw-r--r--test-chmtime.c2
-rw-r--r--test-credential.c38
-rw-r--r--test-delta.c2
-rw-r--r--test-genrandom.c2
-rw-r--r--test-line-buffer.c1
-rw-r--r--test-path-utils.c51
-rw-r--r--test-string-list.c103
-rw-r--r--test-svn-fe.c6
-rw-r--r--test-wildmatch.c100
-rw-r--r--trace.c2
-rw-r--r--transport-helper.c134
-rw-r--r--transport.c123
-rw-r--r--transport.h22
-rw-r--r--tree-walk.c85
-rw-r--r--tree.c7
-rw-r--r--unpack-trees.c17
-rw-r--r--unpack-trees.h1
-rw-r--r--upload-pack.c166
-rw-r--r--usage.c24
-rw-r--r--userdiff.c66
-rw-r--r--utf8.c222
-rw-r--r--utf8.h30
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/fast_export.c47
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/fast_export.h9
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/line_buffer.c4
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/line_buffer.h1
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/sliding_window.c2
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/svndiff.c15
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/svndump.c98
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/svndump.h3
-rw-r--r--version.c38
-rw-r--r--version.h9
-rw-r--r--wildmatch.c272
-rw-r--r--wildmatch.h18
-rw-r--r--wrapper.c23
-rw-r--r--write_or_die.c24
-rw-r--r--wt-status.c549
-rw-r--r--wt-status.h20
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xdiffi.c2
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xhistogram.c2
-rw-r--r--zlib.c25
904 files changed, 87885 insertions, 27516 deletions
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 20ef4e8..10aee94 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -1,7 +1,10 @@
/GIT-BUILD-OPTIONS
/GIT-CFLAGS
/GIT-LDFLAGS
-/GIT-GUI-VARS
+/GIT-PREFIX
+/GIT-PYTHON-VARS
+/GIT-SCRIPT-DEFINES
+/GIT-USER-AGENT
/GIT-VERSION-FILE
/bin-wrappers/
/git
@@ -32,6 +35,7 @@
/git-commit-tree
/git-config
/git-count-objects
+/git-credential
/git-credential-cache
/git-credential-cache--daemon
/git-credential-store
@@ -122,6 +126,8 @@
/git-remote-fd
/git-remote-ext
/git-remote-testgit
+/git-remote-testpy
+/git-remote-testsvn
/git-repack
/git-replace
/git-repo-config
@@ -167,13 +173,11 @@
/git-whatchanged
/git-write-tree
/git-core-*/?*
-/gitk-git/gitk-wish
/gitweb/GITWEB-BUILD-OPTIONS
/gitweb/gitweb.cgi
/gitweb/static/gitweb.js
/gitweb/static/gitweb.min.*
/test-chmtime
-/test-credential
/test-ctype
/test-date
/test-delta
@@ -192,8 +196,10 @@
/test-run-command
/test-sha1
/test-sigchain
+/test-string-list
/test-subprocess
/test-svn-fe
+/test-wildmatch
/common-cmds.h
*.tar.gz
*.dsc
diff --git a/.mailmap b/.mailmap
index 6303782..48d7acf 100644
--- a/.mailmap
+++ b/.mailmap
@@ -9,7 +9,9 @@ Alex Bennée <kernel-hacker@bennee.com>
Alexander Gavrilov <angavrilov@gmail.com>
Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@gmail.com>
Brian M. Carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx>
+Cheng Renquan <crquan@gmail.com>
Chris Shoemaker <c.shoemaker@cox.net>
+Dan Johnson <computerdruid@gmail.com>
Dana L. How <danahow@gmail.com>
Dana L. How <how@deathvalley.cswitch.com>
Daniel Barkalow <barkalow@iabervon.org>
@@ -18,14 +20,22 @@ David Kågedal <davidk@lysator.liu.se>
David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Deskin Miller <deskinm@umich.edu>
Dirk Süsserott <newsletter@dirk.my1.cc>
+Eric S. Raymond <esr@thyrsus.com>
+Erik Faye-Lund <kusmabite@gmail.com> <kusmabite@googlemail.com>
Fredrik Kuivinen <freku045@student.liu.se>
+Frédéric Heitzmann <frederic.heitzmann@gmail.com>
H. Peter Anvin <hpa@bonde.sc.orionmulti.com>
H. Peter Anvin <hpa@tazenda.sc.orionmulti.com>
H. Peter Anvin <hpa@trantor.hos.anvin.org>
Horst H. von Brand <vonbrand@inf.utfsm.cl>
İsmail Dönmez <ismail@pardus.org.tr>
+Jakub Narębski <jnareb@gmail.com>
Jay Soffian <jaysoffian+git@gmail.com>
+Jeff King <peff@peff.net> <peff@github.com>
Joachim Berdal Haga <cjhaga@fys.uio.no>
+Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <johannes.sixt@telecom.at>
+Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <j.sixt@viscovery.net>
+Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <J.Sixt@eudaptics.com>
Jon Loeliger <jdl@freescale.com>
Jon Seymour <jon@blackcubes.dyndns.org>
Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@uchicago.edu>
@@ -37,12 +47,22 @@ Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@hera.kernel.org>
Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@kernel.org>
Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junkio@cox.net>
Karl Hasselström <kha@treskal.com>
+Kevin Leung <kevinlsk@gmail.com>
Kent Engstrom <kent@lysator.liu.se>
Lars Doelle <lars.doelle@on-line ! de>
Lars Doelle <lars.doelle@on-line.de>
Li Hong <leehong@pku.edu.cn>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@evo.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org.(none)>
Lukas Sandström <lukass@etek.chalmers.se>
-Martin Langhoff <martin@laptop.org>
+Marc-André Lureau <marcandre.lureau@gmail.com>
+Mark Rada <marada@uwaterloo.ca>
+Martin Langhoff <martin@laptop.org> <martin@catalyst.net.nz>
+Martin von Zweigbergk <martinvonz@gmail.com> <martin.von.zweigbergk@gmail.com>
Michael Coleman <tutufan@gmail.com>
Michael J Gruber <git@drmicha.warpmail.net> <michaeljgruber+gmane@fastmail.fm>
Michael W. Olson <mwolson@gnu.org>
@@ -51,16 +71,23 @@ Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@bluebottle.com>
Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@lavabit.com>
Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclouds@gmail.com>
<nico@fluxnic.net> <nico@cam.org>
+Peter Krefting <peter@softwolves.pp.se> <peter@svarten.intern.softwolves.pp.se>
+Peter Krefting <peter@softwolves.pp.se> <peter@softwolves.pp.se>
+Petr Baudis <pasky@ucw.cz> <pasky@suse.cz>
Philippe Bruhat <book@cpan.org>
+Ralf Thielow <ralf.thielow@gmail.com> <ralf.thielow@googlemail.com>
Ramsay Allan Jones <ramsay@ramsay1.demon.co.uk>
René Scharfe <rene.scharfe@lsrfire.ath.cx>
Robert Fitzsimons <robfitz@273k.net>
+Robert Zeh <robert.a.zeh@gmail.com>
Sam Vilain <sam@vilain.net>
Santi Béjar <sbejar@gmail.com>
Sean Estabrooks <seanlkml@sympatico.ca>
Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
Steven Grimm <koreth@midwinter.com>
+Tay Ray Chuan <rctay89@gmail.com>
Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
+Thomas Rast <trast@inf.ethz.ch> <trast@student.ethz.ch>
Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Uwe Kleine-König <Uwe_Zeisberger@digi.com>
Uwe Kleine-König <Uwe.Kleine-Koenig@digi.com>
diff --git a/Documentation/.gitignore b/Documentation/.gitignore
index d62aebd..2c8b2d6 100644
--- a/Documentation/.gitignore
+++ b/Documentation/.gitignore
@@ -9,4 +9,5 @@ gitman.info
howto-index.txt
doc.dep
cmds-*.txt
+mergetools-*.txt
manpage-base-url.xsl
diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index 57da6aa..559d5f9 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
Like other projects, we also have some guidelines to keep to the
-code. For git in general, three rough rules are:
+code. For Git in general, three rough rules are:
- Most importantly, we never say "It's in POSIX; we'll happily
ignore your needs should your system not conform to it."
@@ -18,11 +18,12 @@ code. For git in general, three rough rules are:
judgement call, the decision based more on real world
constraints people face than what the paper standard says.
+Make your code readable and sensible, and don't try to be clever.
As for more concrete guidelines, just imitate the existing code
(this is a good guideline, no matter which project you are
contributing to). It is always preferable to match the _local_
-convention. New code added to git suite is expected to match
+convention. New code added to Git suite is expected to match
the overall style of existing code. Modifications to existing
code is expected to match the style the surrounding code already
uses (even if it doesn't match the overall style of existing code).
@@ -112,6 +113,14 @@ For C programs:
- We try to keep to at most 80 characters per line.
+ - We try to support a wide range of C compilers to compile Git with,
+ including old ones. That means that you should not use C99
+ initializers, even if a lot of compilers grok it.
+
+ - Variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block.
+
+ - NULL pointers shall be written as NULL, not as 0.
+
- When declaring pointers, the star sides with the variable
name, i.e. "char *string", not "char* string" or
"char * string". This makes it easier to understand code
@@ -156,14 +165,14 @@ For C programs:
- If you are planning a new command, consider writing it in shell
or perl first, so that changes in semantics can be easily
- changed and discussed. Many git commands started out like
+ changed and discussed. Many Git commands started out like
that, and a few are still scripts.
- - Avoid introducing a new dependency into git. This means you
+ - Avoid introducing a new dependency into Git. This means you
usually should stay away from scripting languages not already
- used in the git core command set (unless your command is clearly
+ used in the Git core command set (unless your command is clearly
separate from it, such as an importer to convert random-scm-X
- repositories to git).
+ repositories to Git).
- When we pass <string, length> pair to functions, we should try to
pass them in that order.
@@ -171,8 +180,68 @@ For C programs:
- Use Git's gettext wrappers to make the user interface
translatable. See "Marking strings for translation" in po/README.
+For Perl programs:
+
+ - Most of the C guidelines above apply.
+
+ - We try to support Perl 5.8 and later ("use Perl 5.008").
+
+ - use strict and use warnings are strongly preferred.
+
+ - Don't overuse statement modifiers unless using them makes the
+ result easier to follow.
+
+ ... do something ...
+ do_this() unless (condition);
+ ... do something else ...
+
+ is more readable than:
+
+ ... do something ...
+ unless (condition) {
+ do_this();
+ }
+ ... do something else ...
+
+ *only* when the condition is so rare that do_this() will be almost
+ always called.
+
+ - We try to avoid assignments inside "if ()" conditions.
+
+ - Learn and use Git.pm if you need that functionality.
+
+ - For Emacs, it's useful to put the following in
+ GIT_CHECKOUT/.dir-locals.el, assuming you use cperl-mode:
+
+ ;; note the first part is useful for C editing, too
+ ((nil . ((indent-tabs-mode . t)
+ (tab-width . 8)
+ (fill-column . 80)))
+ (cperl-mode . ((cperl-indent-level . 8)
+ (cperl-extra-newline-before-brace . nil)
+ (cperl-merge-trailing-else . t))))
+
+For Python scripts:
+
+ - We follow PEP-8 (http://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0008/).
+
+ - As a minimum, we aim to be compatible with Python 2.6 and 2.7.
+
+ - Where required libraries do not restrict us to Python 2, we try to
+ also be compatible with Python 3.1 and later.
+
+ - When you must differentiate between Unicode literals and byte string
+ literals, it is OK to use the 'b' prefix. Even though the Python
+ documentation for version 2.6 does not mention this prefix, it has
+ been supported since version 2.6.0.
+
Writing Documentation:
+ Most (if not all) of the documentation pages are written in the
+ AsciiDoc format in *.txt files (e.g. Documentation/git.txt), and
+ processed into HTML and manpages (e.g. git.html and git.1 in the
+ same directory).
+
Every user-visible change should be reflected in the documentation.
The same general rule as for code applies -- imitate the existing
conventions. A few commented examples follow to provide reference
@@ -222,3 +291,8 @@ Writing Documentation:
valid usage. "*" has its own pair of brackets, because it can
(optionally) be specified only when one or more of the letters is
also provided.
+
+ A note on notation:
+ Use 'git' (all lowercase) when talking about commands i.e. something
+ the user would type into a shell and use 'Git' (uppercase first letter)
+ when talking about the version control system and its properties.
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index 5d76a84..62dbd9a 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -1,19 +1,41 @@
-MAN1_TXT= \
- $(filter-out $(addsuffix .txt, $(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES)), \
- $(wildcard git-*.txt)) \
- gitk.txt gitweb.txt git.txt
-MAN5_TXT=gitattributes.txt gitignore.txt gitmodules.txt githooks.txt \
- gitrepository-layout.txt gitweb.conf.txt
-MAN7_TXT=gitcli.txt gittutorial.txt gittutorial-2.txt \
- gitcvs-migration.txt gitcore-tutorial.txt gitglossary.txt \
- gitdiffcore.txt gitnamespaces.txt gitrevisions.txt gitworkflows.txt
+# Guard against environment variables
+MAN1_TXT =
+MAN5_TXT =
+MAN7_TXT =
+
+MAN1_TXT += $(filter-out \
+ $(addsuffix .txt, $(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES)), \
+ $(wildcard git-*.txt))
+MAN1_TXT += git.txt
+MAN1_TXT += gitk.txt
+MAN1_TXT += gitremote-helpers.txt
+MAN1_TXT += gitweb.txt
+
+MAN5_TXT += gitattributes.txt
+MAN5_TXT += githooks.txt
+MAN5_TXT += gitignore.txt
+MAN5_TXT += gitmodules.txt
+MAN5_TXT += gitrepository-layout.txt
+MAN5_TXT += gitweb.conf.txt
+
+MAN7_TXT += gitcli.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitcore-tutorial.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitcredentials.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitcvs-migration.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitdiffcore.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitglossary.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitnamespaces.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitrevisions.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gittutorial-2.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gittutorial.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitworkflows.txt
MAN_TXT = $(MAN1_TXT) $(MAN5_TXT) $(MAN7_TXT)
MAN_XML=$(patsubst %.txt,%.xml,$(MAN_TXT))
MAN_HTML=$(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(MAN_TXT))
-DOC_HTML=$(MAN_HTML)
+OBSOLETE_HTML = git-remote-helpers.html
+DOC_HTML=$(MAN_HTML) $(OBSOLETE_HTML)
ARTICLES = howto-index
ARTICLES += everyday
@@ -21,11 +43,33 @@ ARTICLES += git-tools
ARTICLES += git-bisect-lk2009
# with their own formatting rules.
SP_ARTICLES = user-manual
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/new-command
SP_ARTICLES += howto/revert-branch-rebase
SP_ARTICLES += howto/using-merge-subtree
SP_ARTICLES += howto/using-signed-tag-in-pull-request
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/use-git-daemon
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/update-hook-example
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/setup-git-server-over-http
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/separating-topic-branches
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/revert-a-faulty-merge
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/recover-corrupted-blob-object
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/rebuild-from-update-hook
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/rebase-from-internal-branch
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/maintain-git
API_DOCS = $(patsubst %.txt,%,$(filter-out technical/api-index-skel.txt technical/api-index.txt, $(wildcard technical/api-*.txt)))
SP_ARTICLES += $(API_DOCS)
+
+TECH_DOCS = technical/index-format
+TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-format
+TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-heuristics
+TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-protocol
+TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-capabilities
+TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-common
+TECH_DOCS += technical/racy-git
+TECH_DOCS += technical/send-pack-pipeline
+TECH_DOCS += technical/shallow
+TECH_DOCS += technical/trivial-merge
+SP_ARTICLES += $(TECH_DOCS)
SP_ARTICLES += technical/api-index
DOC_HTML += $(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES))
@@ -44,9 +88,10 @@ man5dir=$(mandir)/man5
man7dir=$(mandir)/man7
# DESTDIR=
-ASCIIDOC=asciidoc
+ASCIIDOC = asciidoc
ASCIIDOC_EXTRA =
MANPAGE_XSL = manpage-normal.xsl
+XMLTO = xmlto
XMLTO_EXTRA =
INSTALL?=install
RM ?= rm -f
@@ -66,12 +111,6 @@ endif
-include ../config.mak
#
-# For asciidoc ...
-# -7.1.2, set ASCIIDOC7
-# 8.0-, no extra settings are needed
-#
-
-#
# For docbook-xsl ...
# -1.68.1, no extra settings are needed?
# 1.69.0, set ASCIIDOC_ROFF?
@@ -81,9 +120,6 @@ endif
# 1.73.0-, no extra settings are needed
#
-ifndef ASCIIDOC7
-ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a asciidoc7compatible
-endif
ifdef DOCBOOK_XSL_172
ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-asciidoc-no-roff
MANPAGE_XSL = manpage-1.72.xsl
@@ -134,15 +170,6 @@ DEFAULT_EDITOR_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(DEFAULT_EDITOR))
ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a 'git-default-editor=$(DEFAULT_EDITOR_SQ)'
endif
-#
-# Please note that there is a minor bug in asciidoc.
-# The version after 6.0.3 _will_ include the patch found here:
-# http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=git&m=111558757202243&w=2
-#
-# Until that version is released you may have to apply the patch
-# yourself - yes, all 6 characters of it!
-#
-
QUIET_SUBDIR0 = +$(MAKE) -C # space to separate -C and subdir
QUIET_SUBDIR1 =
@@ -173,8 +200,6 @@ all: html man
html: $(DOC_HTML)
-$(DOC_HTML) $(DOC_MAN1) $(DOC_MAN5) $(DOC_MAN7): asciidoc.conf
-
man: man1 man5 man7
man1: $(DOC_MAN1)
man5: $(DOC_MAN5)
@@ -219,7 +244,11 @@ install-html: html
#
# Determine "include::" file references in asciidoc files.
#
-doc.dep : $(wildcard *.txt) build-docdep.perl
+docdep_prereqs = \
+ mergetools-list.made $(mergetools_txt) \
+ cmd-list.made $(cmds_txt)
+
+doc.dep : $(docdep_prereqs) $(wildcard *.txt) build-docdep.perl
$(QUIET_GEN)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
$(PERL_PATH) ./build-docdep.perl >$@+ $(QUIET_STDERR) && \
mv $@+ $@
@@ -243,29 +272,49 @@ cmd-list.made: cmd-list.perl ../command-list.txt $(MAN1_TXT)
$(PERL_PATH) ./cmd-list.perl ../command-list.txt $(QUIET_STDERR) && \
date >$@
+mergetools_txt = mergetools-diff.txt mergetools-merge.txt
+
+$(mergetools_txt): mergetools-list.made
+
+mergetools-list.made: ../git-mergetool--lib.sh $(wildcard ../mergetools/*)
+ $(QUIET_GEN)$(RM) $@ && \
+ $(SHELL_PATH) -c 'MERGE_TOOLS_DIR=../mergetools && \
+ . ../git-mergetool--lib.sh && \
+ show_tool_names can_diff "* " || :' >mergetools-diff.txt && \
+ $(SHELL_PATH) -c 'MERGE_TOOLS_DIR=../mergetools && \
+ . ../git-mergetool--lib.sh && \
+ show_tool_names can_merge "* " || :' >mergetools-merge.txt && \
+ date >$@
+
clean:
$(RM) *.xml *.xml+ *.html *.html+ *.1 *.5 *.7
$(RM) *.texi *.texi+ *.texi++ git.info gitman.info
$(RM) *.pdf
$(RM) howto-index.txt howto/*.html doc.dep
- $(RM) technical/api-*.html technical/api-index.txt
- $(RM) $(cmds_txt) *.made
+ $(RM) technical/*.html technical/api-index.txt
+ $(RM) $(cmds_txt) $(mergetools_txt) *.made
$(RM) manpage-base-url.xsl
-$(MAN_HTML): %.html : %.txt
+$(MAN_HTML): %.html : %.txt asciidoc.conf
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
$(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -d manpage -f asciidoc.conf \
$(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) -o $@+ $< && \
mv $@+ $@
+$(OBSOLETE_HTML): %.html : %.txto asciidoc.conf
+ $(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
+ $(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -f asciidoc.conf \
+ $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) -o $@+ $< && \
+ mv $@+ $@
+
manpage-base-url.xsl: manpage-base-url.xsl.in
sed "s|@@MAN_BASE_URL@@|$(MAN_BASE_URL)|" $< > $@
%.1 %.5 %.7 : %.xml manpage-base-url.xsl
$(QUIET_XMLTO)$(RM) $@ && \
- xmlto -m $(MANPAGE_XSL) $(XMLTO_EXTRA) man $<
+ $(XMLTO) -m $(MANPAGE_XSL) $(XMLTO_EXTRA) man $<
-%.xml : %.txt
+%.xml : %.txt asciidoc.conf
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
$(ASCIIDOC) -b docbook -d manpage -f asciidoc.conf \
$(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) -o $@+ $< && \
@@ -281,7 +330,7 @@ technical/api-index.txt: technical/api-index-skel.txt \
$(QUIET_GEN)cd technical && '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./api-index.sh
technical/%.html: ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-relative-html-prefix=../
-$(patsubst %,%.html,$(API_DOCS) technical/api-index): %.html : %.txt
+$(patsubst %,%.html,$(API_DOCS) technical/api-index $(TECH_DOCS)): %.html : %.txt asciidoc.conf
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -f asciidoc.conf \
$(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) $*.txt
@@ -326,7 +375,7 @@ $(patsubst %.txt,%.texi,$(MAN_TXT)): %.texi : %.xml
howto-index.txt: howto-index.sh $(wildcard howto/*.txt)
$(QUIET_GEN)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./howto-index.sh $(wildcard howto/*.txt) >$@+ && \
+ '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./howto-index.sh $(sort $(wildcard howto/*.txt)) >$@+ && \
mv $@+ $@
$(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES)) : %.html : %.txt
@@ -343,8 +392,8 @@ $(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(wildcard howto/*.txt)): %.html : %.txt
install-webdoc : html
'$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./install-webdoc.sh $(WEBDOC_DEST)
-# You must have a clone of git-htmldocs and git-manpages repositories
-# next to the git repository itself for the following to work.
+# You must have a clone of 'git-htmldocs' and 'git-manpages' repositories
+# next to the 'git' repository itself for the following to work.
quick-install: quick-install-man
@@ -362,4 +411,7 @@ require-htmlrepo::
quick-install-html: require-htmlrepo
'$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./install-doc-quick.sh $(HTML_REPO) $(DESTDIR)$(htmldir)
+print-man1:
+ @for i in $(MAN1_TXT); do echo $$i; done
+
.PHONY: FORCE
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt
index ebf20e2..d41984d 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt
@@ -45,9 +45,3 @@ Fixes since v1.5.2
- git-fastimport --import-marks was broken; fixed.
- A lot of documentation updates, clarifications and fixes.
-
---
-exec >/var/tmp/1
-O=v1.5.2-65-g996e2d6
-echo O=`git describe refs/heads/maint`
-git shortlog --no-merges $O..refs/heads/maint
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt
index e1e24b3..7d8fb85 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt
@@ -79,9 +79,3 @@ Fixes since v1.6.0.1
packfile.
Also contains many documentation updates.
-
---
-exec >/var/tmp/1
-O=v1.6.0.1-78-g3632cfc
-echo O=$(git describe maint)
-git shortlog --no-merges $O..maint
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt
index 6f0bde1..cd08d81 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt
@@ -26,7 +26,3 @@ Fixes since v1.6.1.2
* RPM binary package installed the html manpages in a wrong place.
Also includes minor documentation fixes and updates.
-
-
---
-git shortlog --no-merges v1.6.1.2-33-gc789350..
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt
index 0ce6316..ccbad79 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt
@@ -39,6 +39,3 @@ Fixes since v1.6.1.3
This fix was first merged to 1.6.2.3.
Also includes minor documentation fixes and updates.
-
---
-git shortlog --no-merges v1.6.1.3..
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt
index adb7cca..7b152a6 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt
@@ -278,9 +278,3 @@ release, unless otherwise noted.
* "gitweb" did not mark non-ASCII characters imported from external HTML fragments
correctly.
-
---
-exec >/var/tmp/1
-O=v1.6.1-rc3-74-gf66bc5f
-echo O=$(git describe master)
-git shortlog --no-merges $O..master ^maint
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b8f04af
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,134 @@
+Git 1.7.12.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12
+-------------------
+
+ * "git apply -p0" did not parse pathnames on "diff --git" line
+ correctly. This caused patches that had pathnames in no other
+ places to be mistakenly rejected (most notably, binary patch that
+ does not rename nor change mode). Textual patches, renames or mode
+ changes have preimage and postimage pathnames in different places
+ in a form that can be parsed unambiguously and did not suffer from
+ this problem.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick A C B" used to replay changes in A and then B and
+ then C if these three commits had committer timestamps in that
+ order, which is not what the user who said "A C B" naturally
+ expects.
+
+ * "git commit --amend" let the user edit the log message and then
+ died when the human-readable committer name was given
+ insufficiently by getpwent(3).
+
+ * Some capabilities were asked by fetch-pack even when upload-pack
+ did not advertise that they are available. fetch-pack has been
+ fixed not to do so.
+
+ * "git diff" had a confusion between taking data from a path in the
+ working tree and taking data from an object that happens to have
+ name 0{40} recorded in a tree.
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" did not correctly support more than one --sort
+ option.
+
+ * "git log .." errored out saying it is both rev range and a path
+ when there is no disambiguating "--" is on the command line.
+ Update the command line parser to interpret ".." as a path in such
+ a case.
+
+ * The "--topo-order", "--date-order" (and the lack of either means
+ the default order) options to "rev-list" and "log" family of
+ commands were poorly described in the documentation.
+
+ * "git prune" without "-v" used to warn about leftover temporary
+ files (which is an indication of an earlier aborted operation).
+
+ * Pushing to smart HTTP server with recent Git fails without having
+ the username in the URL to force authentication, if the server is
+ configured to allow GET anonymously, while requiring authentication
+ for POST.
+
+ * The reflog entries left by "git rebase" and "git rebase -i" were
+ inconsistent (the interactive one gave an abbreviated object name).
+
+ * When "git push" triggered the automatic gc on the receiving end, a
+ message from "git prune" that said it was removing cruft leaked to
+ the standard output, breaking the communication protocol.
+
+ * "git show --quiet" ought to be a synonym for "git show -s", but
+ wasn't.
+
+ * "git show --format='%ci'" did not give timestamp correctly for
+ commits created without human readable name on "committer" line.
+
+ * "git send-email" did not unquote encoded words that appear on the
+ header correctly, and lost "_" from strings.
+
+ * The interactive prompt "git send-email" gives was error prone. It
+ asked "What e-mail address do you want to use?" with the address it
+ guessed (correctly) the user would want to use in its prompt,
+ tempting the user to say "y". But the response was taken as "No,
+ please use 'y' as the e-mail address instead", which is most
+ certainly not what the user meant.
+
+ * "gitweb" when used with PATH_INFO failed to notice directories with
+ SP (and other characters that need URL-style quoting) in them.
+
+ * When the user gives an argument that can be taken as both a
+ revision name and a pathname without disambiguating with "--", we
+ used to give a help message "Use '--' to separate". The message
+ has been clarified to show where that '--' goes on the command
+ line.
+
+ * When the user exports a non-default IFS without HT, scripts that
+ rely on being able to parse "ls-files -s | while read a b c..."
+ started to fail. Protect them from such a misconfiguration.
+
+ * The attribute system may be asked for a path that itself or its
+ leading directories no longer exists in the working tree, and it is
+ fine if we cannot open .gitattribute file in such a case. Failure
+ to open per-directory .gitattributes with error status other than
+ ENOENT and ENOTDIR should be diagnosed, but it wasn't.
+
+ * After "gitk" showed the contents of a tag, neither "Reread
+ references" nor "Reload" did not update what is shown as the
+ contents of it, when the user overwrote the tag with "git tag -f".
+
+ * "ciabot" script (in contrib/) has been updated with extensive
+ documentation.
+
+ * "git-jump" script (in contrib/) did not work well when
+ diff.noprefix or diff.mnemonicprefix is in effect.
+
+ * Older parts of the documentation described as if having a regular
+ file in .git/refs/ hierarchy were the only way to have branches and
+ tags, which is not true for quite some time.
+
+ * A utility shell function test_seq has been added as a replacement
+ for the 'seq' utility found on some platforms.
+
+ * Compatibility wrapper to learn the maximum number of file
+ descriptors we can open around sysconf(_SC_OPEN_MAX) and
+ getrlimit(RLIMIT_NO_FILE) has been introduced for portability.
+
+ * We used curl_easy_strerror() without checking version of cURL,
+ breaking the build for versions before curl 7.12.0.
+
+ * Code to work around MacOS X UTF-8 gotcha has been cleaned up.
+
+ * Fallback 'getpass' implementation made unportable use of stdio API.
+
+ * The "--rebase" option to "git pull" can be abbreviated to "-r",
+ but we didn't document it.
+
+ * It was generally understood that "--long-option"s to many of our
+ subcommands can be abbreviated to the unique prefix, but it was not
+ easy to find it described for new readers of the documentation set.
+
+ * The synopsis said "checkout [-B branch]" to make it clear the
+ branch name is a parameter to the option, but the heading for the
+ option description was "-B::", not "-B branch::", making the
+ documentation misleading.
+
+Also contains numerous documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6925574
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+Git 1.7.12.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12.1
+---------------------
+
+ * When "git am" is fed an input that has multiple "Content-type: ..."
+ header, it did not grok charset= attribute correctly.
+
+ * Even during a conflicted merge, "git blame $path" always meant to
+ blame uncommitted changes to the "working tree" version; make it
+ more useful by showing cleanly merged parts as coming from the other
+ branch that is being merged.
+
+ * "git blame MAKEFILE" run in a history that has "Makefile" but not
+ "MAKEFILE" should say "No such file MAKEFILE in HEAD", but got
+ confused on a case insensitive filesystem and failed to do so.
+
+ * "git fetch --all", when passed "--no-tags", did not honor the
+ "--no-tags" option while fetching from individual remotes (the same
+ issue existed with "--tags", but combination "--all --tags" makes
+ much less sense than "--all --no-tags").
+
+ * "git log/diff/format-patch --stat" showed the "N line(s) added"
+ comment in user's locale and caused careless submitters to send
+ patches with such a line in them to projects whose project language
+ is not their language, mildly irritating others. Localization to
+ the line has been disabled for now.
+
+ * "git log --all-match --grep=A --grep=B" ought to show commits that
+ mention both A and B, but when these three options are used with
+ --author or --committer, it showed commits that mention either A or
+ B (or both) instead.
+
+ * The subcommand to remove the definition of a remote in "git remote"
+ was named "rm" even though all other subcommands were spelled out.
+ Introduce "git remote remove" to remove confusion, and keep "rm" as
+ a backward compatible synonym.
+
+Also contains a handful of documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ecda427
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git 1.7.12.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12.2
+---------------------
+
+ * "git am" mishandled a patch attached as application/octet-stream
+ (e.g. not text/*); Content-Transfer-Encoding (e.g. base64) was not
+ honored correctly.
+
+ * It was unclear in the documentation for "git blame" that it is
+ unnecessary for users to use the "--follow" option.
+
+ * A repository created with "git clone --single" had its fetch
+ refspecs set up just like a clone without "--single", leading the
+ subsequent "git fetch" to slurp all the other branches, defeating
+ the whole point of specifying "only this branch".
+
+ * "git fetch" over http had an old workaround for an unlikely server
+ misconfiguration; it turns out that this hurts debuggability of the
+ configuration in general, and has been reverted.
+
+ * "git fetch" over http advertised that it supports "deflate", which
+ is much less common, and did not advertise the more common "gzip" on
+ its Accept-Encoding header.
+
+ * "git receive-pack" (the counterpart to "git push") did not give
+ progress output while processing objects it received to the puser
+ when run over the smart-http protocol.
+
+ * "git status" honored the ignore=dirty settings in .gitmodules but
+ "git commit" didn't.
+
+Also contains a handful of documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c6da3cc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+Git 1.7.12.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12.3
+---------------------
+
+ * "git fetch" over the dumb-http revision walker could segfault when
+ curl's multi interface was used.
+
+ * It was possible to give specific paths for "asciidoc" and other
+ tools in the documentation toolchain, but not for "xmlto".
+
+ * "gitweb" did not give the correct committer timezone in its feed
+ output due to a typo.
+
+ * The "-Xours" (and similarly -Xtheirs) backend option to "git
+ merge -s recursive" was ignored for binary files. Now it is
+ honored.
+
+ * The "binary" synthetic attribute made "diff" to treat the path as
+ binary, but not "merge".
+
+Also contains many documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..010d8c7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,136 @@
+Git v1.7.12 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Updates since v1.7.11
+---------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Git can be told to normalize pathnames it read from readdir(3) and
+ all arguments it got from the command line into precomposed UTF-8
+ (assuming that they come as decomposed UTF-8), in order to work
+ around issues on Mac OS.
+
+ I think there still are other places that need conversion
+ (e.g. paths that are read from stdin for some commands), but this
+ should be a good first step in the right direction.
+
+ * Per-user $HOME/.gitconfig file can optionally be stored in
+ $HOME/.config/git/config instead, which is in line with XDG.
+
+ * The value of core.attributesfile and core.excludesfile default to
+ $HOME/.config/git/attributes and $HOME/.config/git/ignore respectively
+ when these files exist.
+
+ * Logic to disambiguate abbreviated object names have been taught to
+ take advantage of object types that are expected in the context,
+ e.g. XXXXXX in the "git describe" output v1.2.3-gXXXXXX must be a
+ commit object, not a blob nor a tree. This will help us prolong
+ the lifetime of abbreviated object names.
+
+ * "git apply" learned to wiggle the base version and perform three-way
+ merge when a patch does not exactly apply to the version you have.
+
+ * Scripted Porcelain writers now have access to the credential API via
+ the "git credential" plumbing command.
+
+ * "git help" used to always default to "man" format even on platforms
+ where "man" viewer is not widely available.
+
+ * "git clone --local $path" started its life as an experiment to
+ optionally use link/copy when cloning a repository on the disk, but
+ we didn't deprecate it after we made the option a no-op to always
+ use the optimization. The command learned "--no-local" option to
+ turn this off, as a more explicit alternative over use of file://
+ URL.
+
+ * "git fetch" and friends used to say "remote side hung up
+ unexpectedly" when they failed to get response they expect from the
+ other side, but one common reason why they don't get expected
+ response is that the remote repository does not exist or cannot be
+ read. The error message in this case was updated to give better
+ hints to the user.
+
+ * "git help -w $cmd" can show HTML version of documentation for
+ "git-$cmd" by setting help.htmlpath to somewhere other than the
+ default location where the build procedure installs them locally;
+ the variable can even point at a http:// URL.
+
+ * "git rebase [-i] --root $tip" can now be used to rewrite all the
+ history leading to "$tip" down to the root commit.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" learned "-x <cmd>" to insert "exec <cmd>" after
+ each commit in the resulting history.
+
+ * "git status" gives finer classification to various states of paths
+ in conflicted state and offer advice messages in its output.
+
+ * "git submodule" learned to deal with nested submodule structure
+ where a module is contained within a module whose origin is
+ specified as a relative URL to its superproject's origin.
+
+ * A rather heavy-ish "git completion" script has been split to create
+ a separate "git prompting" script, to help lazy-autoloading of the
+ completion part while making prompting part always available.
+
+ * "gitweb" pays attention to various forms of credits that are
+ similar to "Signed-off-by:" lines in the commit objects and
+ highlights them accordingly.
+
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * "mediawiki" remote helper (in contrib/) learned to handle file
+ attachments.
+
+ * "git p4" now uses "Jobs:" and "p4 move" when appropriate.
+
+ * vcs-svn has been updated to clean-up compilation, lift 32-bit
+ limitations, etc.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc. (please report possible regressions)
+
+ * Some tests showed false failures caused by a bug in ecryptofs.
+
+ * We no longer use AsciiDoc7 syntax in our documentation and favor a
+ more modern style.
+
+ * "git am --rebasing" codepath was taught to grab authorship, log
+ message and the patch text directly out of existing commits. This
+ will help rebasing commits that have confusing "diff" output in
+ their log messages.
+
+ * "git index-pack" and "git pack-objects" use streaming API to read
+ from the object store to avoid having to hold a large blob object
+ in-core while they are doing their thing.
+
+ * Code to match paths with exclude patterns learned to avoid calling
+ fnmatch() by comparing fixed leading substring literally when
+ possible.
+
+ * "git log -n 1 -- rarely-touched-path" was spending unnecessary
+ cycles after showing the first change to find the next one, only to
+ discard it.
+
+ * "git svn" got a large-looking code reorganization at the last
+ minute before the code freeze.
+
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.11
+-------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.7.11 in the maintenance
+releases are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * "git submodule add" was confused when the superproject did not have
+ its repository in its usual place in the working tree and GIT_DIR
+ and GIT_WORK_TREE was used to access it.
+
+ * "git commit --amend" let the user edit the log message and then died
+ when the human-readable committer name was given insufficiently by
+ getpwent(3).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1f372fa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
+Git v1.8.0.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0
+------------------
+
+ * The configuration parser had an unnecessary hardcoded limit on
+ variable names that was not checked consistently.
+
+ * The "say" function in the test scaffolding incorrectly allowed
+ "echo" to interpret "\a" as if it were a C-string asking for a
+ BEL output.
+
+ * "git mergetool" feeds /dev/null as a common ancestor when dealing
+ with an add/add conflict, but p4merge backend cannot handle
+ it. Work it around by passing a temporary empty file.
+
+ * "git log -F -E --grep='<ere>'" failed to use the given <ere>
+ pattern as extended regular expression, and instead looked for the
+ string literally.
+
+ * "git grep -e pattern <tree>" asked the attribute system to read
+ "<tree>:.gitattributes" file in the working tree, which was
+ nonsense.
+
+ * A symbolic ref refs/heads/SYM was not correctly removed with "git
+ branch -d SYM"; the command removed the ref pointed by SYM
+ instead.
+
+ * Earlier we fixed documentation to hyphenate "remote-tracking branch"
+ to clarify that these are not a remote entity, but unhyphenated
+ spelling snuck in to a few places since then.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" run while the HEAD is detached tried to find
+ the upstream branch of the detached HEAD (which by definition
+ does not exist) and emitted unnecessary error messages.
+
+ * The refs/replace hierarchy was not mentioned in the
+ repository-layout docs.
+
+ * Sometimes curl_multi_timeout() function suggested a wrong timeout
+ value when there is no file descriptors to wait on and the http
+ transport ended up sleeping for minutes in select(2) system call.
+ A workaround has been added for this.
+
+ * Various rfc2047 quoting issues around a non-ASCII name on the
+ From: line in the output from format-patch have been corrected.
+
+ * "git diff -G<pattern>" did not honor textconv filter when looking
+ for changes.
+
+ * Bash completion script (in contrib/) did not correctly complete a
+ lazy "git checkout $name_of_remote_tracking_branch_that_is_unique"
+ command line.
+
+ * RSS feed from "gitweb" had a xss hole in its title output.
+
+ * "git config --path $key" segfaulted on "[section] key" (a boolean
+ "true" spelled without "=", not "[section] key = true").
+
+ * "git checkout -b foo" while on an unborn branch did not say
+ "Switched to a new branch 'foo'" like other cases.
+
+Also contains other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8497e05
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v1.8.0.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0.1
+--------------------
+
+ * Various codepaths have workaround for a common misconfiguration to
+ spell "UTF-8" as "utf8", but it was not used uniformly. Most
+ notably, mailinfo (which is used by "git am") lacked this support.
+
+ * We failed to mention a file without any content change but whose
+ permission bit was modified, or (worse yet) a new file without any
+ content in the "git diff --stat" output.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for binary contents, the total
+ number of added and removed lines at the bottom was computed
+ incorrectly.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for unmerged paths, the total
+ number of affected files at the bottom of the "diff --stat" output
+ was computed incorrectly.
+
+ * "diff --shortstat" miscounted the total number of affected files
+ when there were unmerged paths.
+
+ * "git p4" used to try expanding malformed "$keyword$" that spans
+ across multiple lines.
+
+ * "git update-ref -d --deref SYM" to delete a ref through a symbolic
+ ref that points to it did not remove it correctly.
+
+ * Syntax highlighting in "gitweb" was not quite working.
+
+Also contains other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..92b1e4b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+Git v1.8.0.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0.2
+--------------------
+
+ * "git log -p -S<string>" did not apply the textconv filter while
+ looking for the <string>.
+
+ * In the documentation, some invalid example e-mail addresses were
+ formatted into mailto: links.
+
+Also contains many documentation updates backported from the 'master'
+branch that is preparing for the upcoming 1.8.1 release.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..43883c1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,267 @@
+Git v1.8.0 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes
+----------------------------
+
+In the next major release (not *this* one), we will change the
+behavior of the "git push" command.
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). We will use the "simple" semantics that pushes the
+current branch to the branch with the same name, only when the current
+branch is set to integrate with that remote branch. There is a user
+preference configuration variable "push.default" to change this, and
+"git push" will warn about the upcoming change until you set this
+variable in this release.
+
+"git branch --set-upstream" is deprecated and may be removed in a
+relatively distant future. "git branch [-u|--set-upstream-to]" has
+been introduced with a saner order of arguments.
+
+
+Updates since v1.7.12
+---------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * A credential helper for Win32 to allow access to the keychain of
+ the logged-in user has been added.
+
+ * An initial port to HP NonStop.
+
+ * A credential helper to allow access to the Gnome keyring has been
+ added.
+
+ * When "git am" sanitizes the "Subject:" line, we strip the prefix from
+ "Re: subject" and also from a less common "re: subject", but left
+ the even less common "RE: subject" intact. Now we strip that too.
+
+ * It was tempting to say "git branch --set-upstream origin/master",
+ but that tells Git to arrange the local branch "origin/master" to
+ integrate with the currently checked out branch, which is highly
+ unlikely what the user meant. The option is deprecated; use the
+ new "--set-upstream-to" (with a short-and-sweet "-u") option
+ instead.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" learned the "--allow-empty-message" option to
+ allow it to replay a commit without any log message.
+
+ * After "git cherry-pick -s" gave control back to the user asking
+ help to resolve conflicts, concluding "git commit" used to need to
+ be run with "-s" if the user wants to sign it off; now the command
+ leaves the sign-off line in the log template.
+
+ * "git daemon" learned the "--access-hook" option to allow an
+ external command to decline service based on the client address,
+ repository path, etc.
+
+ * "git difftool --dir-diff" learned to use symbolic links to prepare
+ a temporary copy of the working tree when available.
+
+ * "git grep" learned to use a non-standard pattern type by default if
+ a configuration variable tells it to.
+
+ * Accumulated updates to "git gui" has been merged.
+
+ * "git log -g" learned the "--grep-reflog=<pattern>" option to limit
+ its output to commits with a reflog message that matches the given
+ pattern.
+
+ * "git merge-base" learned the "--is-ancestor A B" option to tell if A is
+ an ancestor of B. The result is indicated by its exit status code.
+
+ * "git mergetool" now allows users to override the actual command used
+ with the mergetool.$name.cmd configuration variable even for built-in
+ mergetool backends.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" learned the "--edit-todo" option to open an editor
+ to edit the instruction sheet.
+
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * "git svn" has been updated to work with SVN 1.7.
+
+ * "git p4" learned the "--conflicts" option to specify what to do when
+ encountering a conflict during "p4 submit".
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * Git ships with a fall-back regexp implementation for platforms with
+ buggy regexp library, but it was easy for people to keep using their
+ platform regexp by mistake. A new test has been added to check this.
+
+ * The "check-docs" build target has been updated and greatly
+ simplified.
+
+ * The test suite is run under MALLOC_CHECK_ when running with a glibc
+ that supports the feature.
+
+ * The documentation in the TeXinfo format was using indented output
+ for materials meant to be examples that are better typeset in
+ monospace.
+
+ * Compatibility wrapper around some mkdir(2) implementations that
+ reject parameters with trailing slash has been introduced.
+
+ * Compatibility wrapper for systems that lack usable setitimer() has
+ been added.
+
+ * The option parsing of "git checkout" had error checking, dwim and
+ defaulting missing options, all mixed in the code, and issuing an
+ appropriate error message with useful context was getting harder.
+ The code has been reorganized to allow giving a proper diagnosis
+ when the user says "git checkout -b -t foo bar" (e.g. "-t" is not a
+ good name for a branch).
+
+ * Many internal uses of a "git merge-base" equivalent were only to see
+ if one commit fast-forwards to the other, which did not need the
+ full set of merge bases to be computed. They have been updated to
+ use less expensive checks.
+
+ * The heuristics to detect and silently convert latin1 to utf8 when
+ we were told to use utf-8 in the log message has been transplanted
+ from "mailinfo" to "commit" and "commit-tree".
+
+ * Messages given by "git <subcommand> -h" from many subcommands have
+ been marked for translation.
+
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12
+-------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.7.12 in the
+maintenance track are contained in this release (see release notes
+to them for details).
+
+ * The attribute system may be asked for a path that itself or its
+ leading directories no longer exists in the working tree, and it is
+ fine if we cannot open .gitattribute file in such a case. Failure
+ to open per-directory .gitattributes with error status other than
+ ENOENT and ENOTDIR should be diagnosed, but it wasn't.
+
+ * When looking for $HOME/.gitconfig etc., it is OK if we cannot read
+ them because they do not exist, but we did not diagnose existing
+ files that we cannot read.
+
+ * When "git am" is fed an input that has multiple "Content-type: ..."
+ header, it did not grok charset= attribute correctly.
+
+ * "git am" mishandled a patch attached as application/octet-stream
+ (e.g. not text/*); Content-Transfer-Encoding (e.g. base64) was not
+ honored correctly.
+
+ * "git blame MAKEFILE" run in a history that has "Makefile" but not
+ "MAKEFILE" should say "No such file MAKEFILE in HEAD", but got
+ confused on a case insensitive filesystem and failed to do so.
+
+ * Even during a conflicted merge, "git blame $path" always meant to
+ blame uncommitted changes to the "working tree" version; make it
+ more useful by showing cleanly merged parts as coming from the other
+ branch that is being merged.
+
+ * It was unclear in the documentation for "git blame" that it is
+ unnecessary for users to use the "--follow" option.
+
+ * Output from "git branch -v" contains "(no branch)" that could be
+ localized, but the code to align it along with the names of
+ branches was counting in bytes, not in display columns.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick A C B" used to replay changes in A and then B and
+ then C if these three commits had committer timestamps in that
+ order, which is not what the user who said "A C B" naturally
+ expects.
+
+ * A repository created with "git clone --single" had its fetch
+ refspecs set up just like a clone without "--single", leading the
+ subsequent "git fetch" to slurp all the other branches, defeating
+ the whole point of specifying "only this branch".
+
+ * Documentation talked about "first line of commit log" when it meant
+ the title of the commit. The description was clarified by defining
+ how the title is decided and rewording the casual mention of "first
+ line" to "title".
+
+ * "git cvsimport" did not thoroughly cleanse tag names that it
+ inferred from the names of the tags it obtained from CVS, which
+ caused "git tag" to barf and stop the import in the middle.
+
+ * Earlier we made the diffstat summary line that shows the number of
+ lines added/deleted localizable, but it was found irritating having
+ to see them in various languages on a list whose discussion language
+ is English, and this change has been reverted.
+
+ * "git fetch --all", when passed "--no-tags", did not honor the
+ "--no-tags" option while fetching from individual remotes (the same
+ issue existed with "--tags", but the combination "--all --tags" makes
+ much less sense than "--all --no-tags").
+
+ * "git fetch" over http had an old workaround for an unlikely server
+ misconfiguration; it turns out that this hurts debuggability of the
+ configuration in general, and has been reverted.
+
+ * "git fetch" over http advertised that it supports "deflate", which
+ is much less common, and did not advertise the more common "gzip" on
+ its Accept-Encoding header.
+
+ * "git fetch" over the dumb-http revision walker could segfault when
+ curl's multi interface was used.
+
+ * "git gc --auto" notified the user that auto-packing has triggered
+ even under the "--quiet" option.
+
+ * After "gitk" showed the contents of a tag, neither "Reread
+ references" nor "Reload" updated what is shown as the
+ contents of it when the user overwrote the tag with "git tag -f".
+
+ * "git log --all-match --grep=A --grep=B" ought to show commits that
+ mention both A and B, but when these three options are used with
+ --author or --committer, it showed commits that mention either A or
+ B (or both) instead.
+
+ * The "-Xours" backend option to "git merge -s recursive" was ignored
+ for binary files.
+
+ * "git p4", when "--use-client-spec" and "--detect-branches" are used
+ together, misdetected branches.
+
+ * "git receive-pack" (the counterpart to "git push") did not give
+ progress output while processing objects it received to the puser
+ when run over the smart-http protocol.
+
+ * When you misspell the command name you give to the "exec" action in
+ the "git rebase -i" instruction sheet you were told that 'rebase' is not a
+ git subcommand from "git rebase --continue".
+
+ * The subcommand in "git remote" to remove a defined remote was
+ "rm" and the command did not take a fully-spelled "remove".
+
+ * The interactive prompt that "git send-email" gives was error prone. It
+ asked "What e-mail address do you want to use?" with the address it
+ guessed (correctly) the user would want to use in its prompt,
+ tempting the user to say "y". But the response was taken as "No,
+ please use 'y' as the e-mail address instead", which is most
+ certainly not what the user meant.
+
+ * "git show --format='%ci'" did not give the timestamp correctly for
+ commits created without human readable name on the "committer" line.
+
+ * "git show --quiet" ought to be a synonym for "git show -s", but
+ wasn't.
+
+ * "git submodule frotz" was not diagnosed as "frotz" being an unknown
+ subcommand to "git submodule"; the user instead got a complaint
+ that "git submodule status" was run with an unknown path "frotz".
+
+ * "git status" honored the ignore=dirty settings in .gitmodules but
+ "git commit" didn't.
+
+ * "gitweb" did not give the correct committer timezone in its feed
+ output due to a typo.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6cde07b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,87 @@
+Git 1.8.1.1 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1
+------------------
+
+ * The attribute mechanism didn't allow limiting attributes to be
+ applied to only a single directory itself with "path/" like the
+ exclude mechanism does.
+
+ * When attempting to read the XDG-style $HOME/.config/git/config and
+ finding that $HOME/.config/git is a file, we gave a wrong error
+ message, instead of treating the case as "a custom config file does
+ not exist there" and moving on.
+
+ * After failing to create a temporary file using mkstemp(), failing
+ pathname was not reported correctly on some platforms.
+
+ * http transport was wrong to ask for the username when the
+ authentication is done by certificate identity.
+
+ * The behaviour visible to the end users was confusing, when they
+ attempt to kill a process spawned in the editor that was in turn
+ launched by Git with SIGINT (or SIGQUIT), as Git would catch that
+ signal and die. We ignore these signals now.
+
+ * A child process that was killed by a signal (e.g. SIGINT) was
+ reported in an inconsistent way depending on how the process was
+ spawned by us, with or without a shell in between.
+
+ * After "git add -N" and then writing a tree object out of the
+ index, the cache-tree data structure got corrupted.
+
+ * "git apply" misbehaved when fixing whitespace breakages by removing
+ excess trailing blank lines in some corner cases.
+
+ * A tar archive created by "git archive" recorded a directory in a
+ way that made NetBSD's implementation of "tar" sometimes unhappy.
+
+ * When "git clone --separate-git-dir=$over_there" is interrupted, it
+ failed to remove the real location of the $GIT_DIR it created.
+ This was most visible when interrupting a submodule update.
+
+ * "git fetch --mirror" and fetch that uses other forms of refspec
+ with wildcard used to attempt to update a symbolic ref that match
+ the wildcard on the receiving end, which made little sense (the
+ real ref that is pointed at by the symbolic ref would be updated
+ anyway). Symbolic refs no longer are affected by such a fetch.
+
+ * The "log --graph" codepath fell into infinite loop in some
+ corner cases.
+
+ * "git merge" started calling prepare-commit-msg hook like "git
+ commit" does some time ago, but forgot to pay attention to the exit
+ status of the hook.
+
+ * "git pack-refs" that ran in parallel to another process that
+ created new refs had a race that can lose new ones.
+
+ * When a line to be wrapped has a solid run of non space characters
+ whose length exactly is the wrap width, "git shortlog -w" failed
+ to add a newline after such a line.
+
+ * The way "git svn" asked for password using SSH_ASKPASS and
+ GIT_ASKPASS was not in line with the rest of the system.
+
+ * "gitweb", when sorting by age to show repositories with new
+ activities first, used to sort repositories with absolutely
+ nothing in it early, which was not very useful.
+
+ * "gitweb", when sorting by age to show repositories with new
+ activities first, used to sort repositories with absolutely
+ nothing in it early, which was not very useful.
+
+ * When autoconf is used, any build on a different commit always ran
+ "config.status --recheck" even when unnecessary.
+
+ * Some scripted programs written in Python did not get updated when
+ PYTHON_PATH changed.
+
+ * We have been carrying a translated and long-unmaintained copy of an
+ old version of the tutorial; removed.
+
+ * Portability issues in many self-test scripts have been addressed.
+
+
+Also contains other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5ab7b18
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+Git 1.8.1.2 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1.1
+--------------------
+
+ * An element on GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES list that does not name the
+ real path to a directory (i.e. a symbolic link) could have caused
+ the GIT_DIR discovery logic to escape the ceiling.
+
+ * Command line completion for "tcsh" emitted an unwanted space
+ after completing a single directory name.
+
+ * Command line completion leaked an unnecessary error message while
+ looking for possible matches with paths in <tree-ish>.
+
+ * "git archive" did not record uncompressed size in the header when
+ streaming a zip archive, which confused some implementations of unzip.
+
+ * When users spelled "cc:" in lowercase in the fake "header" in the
+ trailer part, "git send-email" failed to pick up the addresses from
+ there. As e-mail headers field names are case insensitive, this
+ script should follow suit and treat "cc:" and "Cc:" the same way.
+
+Also contains various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..681cb35
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+Git 1.8.1.3 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1.2
+--------------------
+
+ * The attribute mechanism didn't allow limiting attributes to be
+ applied to only a single directory itself with "path/" like the
+ exclude mechanism does. The fix for this in 1.8.1.2 had
+ performance degradations.
+
+ * Command line completion code was inadvertently made incompatible with
+ older versions of bash by using a newer array notation.
+
+ * Scripts to test bash completion was inherently flaky as it was
+ affected by whatever random things the user may have on $PATH.
+
+ * A fix was added to the build procedure to work around buggy
+ versions of ccache broke the auto-generation of dependencies, which
+ unfortunately is still relevant because some people use ancient
+ distros.
+
+ * We used to stuff "user@" and then append what we read from
+ /etc/mailname to come up with a default e-mail ident, but a bug
+ lost the "user@" part.
+
+ * "git am" did not parse datestamp correctly from Hg generated patch,
+ when it is run in a locale outside C (or en).
+
+ * Attempt to "branch --edit-description" an existing branch, while
+ being on a detached HEAD, errored out.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" did not replay a root commit to an unborn branch.
+
+ * We forgot to close the file descriptor reading from "gpg" output,
+ killing "git log --show-signature" on a long history.
+
+ * "git rebase --preserve-merges" lost empty merges in recent versions
+ of Git.
+
+ * Rebasing the history of superproject with change in the submodule
+ has been broken since v1.7.12.
+
+ * A failure to push due to non-ff while on an unborn branch
+ dereferenced a NULL pointer when showing an error message.
+
+Also contains various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..22af1d1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+Git 1.8.1.4 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1.3
+--------------------
+
+ * "git imap-send" talking over imaps:// did make sure it received a
+ valid certificate from the other end, but did not check if the
+ certificate matched the host it thought it was talking to.
+
+Also contains various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..efa68ae
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+Git 1.8.1.5 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1.4
+--------------------
+
+ * Given a string with a multi-byte character that begins with '-' on
+ the command line where an option is expected, the option parser
+ used just one byte of the unknown letter when reporting an error.
+
+ * In v1.8.1, the attribute parser was tightened too restrictive to
+ error out upon seeing an entry that begins with an ! (exclamation),
+ which may confuse users to expect a "negative match", which does
+ not exist. This has been demoted to a warning; such an entry is
+ still ignored.
+
+ * "git apply --summary" has been taught to make sure the similarity
+ value shown in its output is sensible, even when the input had a
+ bogus value.
+
+ * "git clean" showed what it was going to do, but sometimes ended
+ up finding that it was not allowed to do so, which resulted in a
+ confusing output (e.g. after saying that it will remove an
+ untracked directory, it found an embedded git repository there
+ which it is not allowed to remove). It now performs the actions
+ and then reports the outcome more faithfully.
+
+ * "git clone" used to allow --bare and --separate-git-dir=$there
+ options at the same time, which was nonsensical.
+
+ * "git cvsimport" mishandled timestamps at DST boundary.
+
+ * We used to have an arbitrary 32 limit for combined diff input,
+ resulting in incorrect number of leading colons shown when showing
+ the "--raw --cc" output.
+
+ * The smart HTTP clients forgot to verify the content-type that comes
+ back from the server side to make sure that the request is being
+ handled properly.
+
+ * "git help remote-helpers" failed to find the documentation.
+
+ * "gitweb" pages served over HTTPS, when configured to show picon or
+ gravatar, referred to these external resources to be fetched via
+ HTTP, resulting in mixed contents warning in browsers.
+
+Also contains various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c15cf2e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+Git 1.8.1.6 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1.5
+--------------------
+
+ * An earlier change to the attribute system introduced at v1.8.1.2 by
+ mistake stopped a pattern "dir" (without trailing slash) from
+ matching a directory "dir" (it only wanted to allow pattern "dir/"
+ to also match).
+
+ * The code to keep track of what directory names are known to Git on
+ platforms with case insensitive filesystems can get confused upon a
+ hash collision between these pathnames and looped forever.
+
+ * When the "--prefix" option is used to "checkout-index", the code
+ did not pick the correct output filter based on the attribute
+ setting.
+
+ * Annotated tags outside refs/tags/ hierarchy were not advertised
+ correctly to the ls-remote and fetch with recent version of Git.
+
+ * The logic used by "git diff -M --stat" to shorten the names of
+ files before and after a rename did not work correctly when the
+ common prefix and suffix between the two filenames overlapped.
+
+ * "git update-index -h" did not do the usual "-h(elp)" thing.
+
+ * perl/Git.pm::cat_blob slurped everything in core only to write it
+ out to a file descriptor, which was not a very smart thing to do.
+
+ * The SSL peer verification done by "git imap-send" did not ask for
+ Server Name Indication (RFC 4366), failing to connect SSL/TLS
+ sites that serve multiple hostnames on a single IP.
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not say "records a complete history" for a
+ bundle that does not have any prerequisites.
+
+Also contains various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d6f9555
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,241 @@
+Git v1.8.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes
+----------------------------
+
+In the next major release (not *this* one), we will change the
+behavior of the "git push" command.
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). We will use the "simple" semantics that pushes the
+current branch to the branch with the same name, only when the current
+branch is set to integrate with that remote branch. There is a user
+preference configuration variable "push.default" to change this, and
+"git push" will warn about the upcoming change until you set this
+variable in this release.
+
+"git branch --set-upstream" is deprecated and may be removed in a
+relatively distant future. "git branch [-u|--set-upstream-to]" has
+been introduced with a saner order of arguments to replace it.
+
+
+Updates since v1.8.0
+--------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Command-line completion scripts for tcsh and zsh have been added.
+
+ * "git-prompt" scriptlet (in contrib/completion) can be told to paint
+ pieces of the hints in the prompt string in colors.
+
+ * Some documentation pages that used to ship only in the plain text
+ format are now formatted in HTML as well.
+
+ * We used to have a workaround for a bug in ancient "less" that
+ causes it to exit without any output when the terminal is resized.
+ The bug has been fixed in "less" version 406 (June 2007), and the
+ workaround has been removed in this release.
+
+ * When "git checkout" checks out a branch, it tells the user how far
+ behind (or ahead) the new branch is relative to the remote tracking
+ branch it builds upon. The message now also advises how to sync
+ them up by pushing or pulling. This can be disabled with the
+ advice.statusHints configuration variable.
+
+ * "git config --get" used to diagnose presence of multiple
+ definitions of the same variable in the same configuration file as
+ an error, but it now applies the "last one wins" rule used by the
+ internal configuration logic. Strictly speaking, this may be an
+ API regression but it is expected that nobody will notice it in
+ practice.
+
+ * A new configuration variable "diff.context" can be used to
+ give the default number of context lines in the patch output, to
+ override the hardcoded default of 3 lines.
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned the "--notes=<ref>" option to give
+ notes for the commit after the three-dash lines in its output.
+
+ * "git log -p -S<string>" now looks for the <string> after applying
+ the textconv filter (if defined); earlier it inspected the contents
+ of the blobs without filtering.
+
+ * "git log --grep=<pcre>" learned to honor the "grep.patterntype"
+ configuration set to "perl".
+
+ * "git replace -d <object>" now interprets <object> as an extended
+ SHA-1 (e.g. HEAD~4 is allowed), instead of only accepting full hex
+ object name.
+
+ * "git rm $submodule" used to punt on removing a submodule working
+ tree to avoid losing the repository embedded in it. Because
+ recent git uses a mechanism to separate the submodule repository
+ from the submodule working tree, "git rm" learned to detect this
+ case and removes the submodule working tree when it is safe to do so.
+
+ * "git send-email" used to prompt for the sender address, even when
+ the committer identity is well specified (e.g. via user.name and
+ user.email configuration variables). The command no longer gives
+ this prompt when not necessary.
+
+ * "git send-email" did not allow non-address garbage strings to
+ appear after addresses on Cc: lines in the patch files (and when
+ told to pick them up to find more recipients), e.g.
+
+ Cc: Stable Kernel <stable@k.org> # for v3.2 and up
+
+ The command now strips " # for v3.2 and up" part before adding the
+ remainder of this line to the list of recipients.
+
+ * "git submodule add" learned to add a new submodule at the same
+ path as the path where an unrelated submodule was bound to in an
+ existing revision via the "--name" option.
+
+ * "git submodule sync" learned the "--recursive" option.
+
+ * "diff.submodule" configuration variable can be used to give custom
+ default value to the "git diff --submodule" option.
+
+ * "git symbolic-ref" learned the "-d $symref" option to delete the
+ named symbolic ref, which is more intuitive way to spell it than
+ "update-ref -d --no-deref $symref".
+
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * "git cvsimport" can be told to record timezones (other than GMT)
+ per-author via its author info file.
+
+ * The remote helper interface to interact with subversion
+ repositories (one of the GSoC 2012 projects) has been merged.
+
+ * A new remote-helper interface for Mercurial has been added to
+ contrib/remote-helpers.
+
+ * The documentation for git(1) was pointing at a page at an external
+ site for the list of authors that no longer existed. The link has
+ been updated to point at an alternative site.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * Compilation on Cygwin with newer header files are supported now.
+
+ * A couple of low-level implementation updates on MinGW.
+
+ * The logic to generate the initial advertisement from "upload-pack"
+ (i.e. what is invoked by "git fetch" on the other side of the
+ connection) to list what refs are available in the repository has
+ been optimized.
+
+ * The logic to find set of attributes that match a given path has
+ been optimized.
+
+ * Use preloadindex in "git diff-index" and "git update-index", which
+ has a nice speedup on systems with slow stat calls (and even on
+ Linux).
+
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.8.0 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * The configuration parser had an unnecessary hardcoded limit on
+ variable names that was not checked consistently.
+
+ * The "say" function in the test scaffolding incorrectly allowed
+ "echo" to interpret "\a" as if it were a C-string asking for a
+ BEL output.
+
+ * "git mergetool" feeds /dev/null as a common ancestor when dealing
+ with an add/add conflict, but p4merge backend cannot handle
+ it. Work it around by passing a temporary empty file.
+
+ * "git log -F -E --grep='<ere>'" failed to use the given <ere>
+ pattern as extended regular expression, and instead looked for the
+ string literally.
+
+ * "git grep -e pattern <tree>" asked the attribute system to read
+ "<tree>:.gitattributes" file in the working tree, which was
+ nonsense.
+
+ * A symbolic ref refs/heads/SYM was not correctly removed with "git
+ branch -d SYM"; the command removed the ref pointed by SYM
+ instead.
+
+ * Update "remote tracking branch" in the documentation to
+ "remote-tracking branch".
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" run while the HEAD is detached tried to find
+ the upstream branch of the detached HEAD (which by definition
+ does not exist) and emitted unnecessary error messages.
+
+ * The refs/replace hierarchy was not mentioned in the
+ repository-layout docs.
+
+ * Various rfc2047 quoting issues around a non-ASCII name on the
+ From: line in the output from format-patch have been corrected.
+
+ * Sometimes curl_multi_timeout() function suggested a wrong timeout
+ value when there is no file descriptor to wait on and the http
+ transport ended up sleeping for minutes in select(2) system call.
+ A workaround has been added for this.
+
+ * For a fetch refspec (or the result of applying wildcard on one),
+ we always want the RHS to map to something inside "refs/"
+ hierarchy, but the logic to check it was not exactly right.
+ (merge 5c08c1f jc/maint-fetch-tighten-refname-check later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff -G<pattern>" did not honor textconv filter when looking
+ for changes.
+
+ * Some HTTP servers ask for auth only during the actual packing phase
+ (not in ls-remote phase); this is not really a recommended
+ configuration, but the clients used to fail to authenticate with
+ such servers.
+ (merge 2e736fd jk/maint-http-half-auth-fetch later to maint).
+
+ * "git p4" used to try expanding malformed "$keyword$" that spans
+ across multiple lines.
+
+ * Syntax highlighting in "gitweb" was not quite working.
+
+ * RSS feed from "gitweb" had a xss hole in its title output.
+
+ * "git config --path $key" segfaulted on "[section] key" (a boolean
+ "true" spelled without "=", not "[section] key = true").
+
+ * "git checkout -b foo" while on an unborn branch did not say
+ "Switched to a new branch 'foo'" like other cases.
+
+ * Various codepaths have workaround for a common misconfiguration to
+ spell "UTF-8" as "utf8", but it was not used uniformly. Most
+ notably, mailinfo (which is used by "git am") lacked this support.
+
+ * We failed to mention a file without any content change but whose
+ permission bit was modified, or (worse yet) a new file without any
+ content in the "git diff --stat" output.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for binary contents, the total
+ number of added and removed lines at the bottom was computed
+ incorrectly.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for unmerged paths, the total
+ number of affected files at the bottom of the "diff --stat" output
+ was computed incorrectly.
+
+ * "diff --shortstat" miscounted the total number of affected files
+ when there were unmerged paths.
+
+ * "update-ref -d --deref SYM" to delete a ref through a symbolic ref
+ that points to it did not remove it correctly.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1354ad0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,115 @@
+Git v1.8.2.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.2
+------------------
+
+ * An earlier change to the attribute system introduced at v1.8.1.2 by
+ mistake stopped a pattern "dir" (without trailing slash) from
+ matching a directory "dir" (it only wanted to allow pattern "dir/"
+ to also match).
+
+ * Verification of signed tags were not done correctly when not in C
+ or en/US locale.
+
+ * 'git commit -m "$msg"' used to add an extra newline even when
+ $msg already ended with one.
+
+ * The "--match=<pattern>" option of "git describe", when used with
+ "--all" to allow refs that are not annotated tags to be used as a
+ base of description, did not restrict the output from the command
+ to those that match the given pattern.
+
+ * An aliased command spawned from a bare repository that does not say
+ it is bare with "core.bare = yes" is treated as non-bare by mistake.
+
+ * When "format-patch" quoted a non-ascii strings on the header files,
+ it incorrectly applied rfc2047 and chopped a single character in
+ the middle of it.
+
+ * "git archive" reports a failure when asked to create an archive out
+ of an empty tree. It would be more intuitive to give an empty
+ archive back in such a case.
+
+ * "git tag -f <tag>" always said "Updated tag '<tag>'" even when
+ creating a new tag (i.e. not overwriting nor updating).
+
+ * "git cmd -- ':(top'" was not diagnosed as an invalid syntax, and
+ instead the parser kept reading beyond the end of the string.
+
+ * Annotated tags outside refs/tags/ hierarchy were not advertised
+ correctly to the ls-remote and fetch with recent version of Git.
+
+ * The code to keep track of what directory names are known to Git on
+ platforms with case insensitive filesystems can get confused upon a
+ hash collision between these pathnames and looped forever.
+
+ * The logic used by "git diff -M --stat" to shorten the names of
+ files before and after a rename did not work correctly when the
+ common prefix and suffix between the two filenames overlapped.
+
+ * "git submodule update", when recursed into sub-submodules, did not
+ acccumulate the prefix paths.
+
+ * "git am $maildir/" applied messages in an unexpected order; sort
+ filenames read from the maildir/ in a way that is more likely to
+ sort messages in the order the writing MUA meant to, by sorting
+ numeric segment in numeric order and non-numeric segment in
+ alphabetical order.
+
+ * When export-subst is used, "zip" output recorded incorrect
+ size of the file.
+
+ * Some platforms and users spell UTF-8 differently; retry with the
+ most official "UTF-8" when the system does not understand the
+ user-supplied encoding name that are the common alternative
+ spellings of UTF-8.
+
+ * "git branch" did not bother to check nonsense command line
+ parameters and issue errors in many cases.
+
+ * "git update-index -h" did not do the usual "-h(elp)" thing.
+
+ * perl/Git.pm::cat_blob slurped everything in core only to write it
+ out to a file descriptor, which was not a very smart thing to do.
+
+ * The SSL peer verification done by "git imap-send" did not ask for
+ Server Name Indication (RFC 4366), failing to connect SSL/TLS
+ sites that serve multiple hostnames on a single IP.
+
+ * "git index-pack" had a buffer-overflow while preparing an
+ informational message when the translated version of it was too
+ long.
+
+ * Clarify in the documentation "what" gets pushed to "where" when the
+ command line to "git push" does not say these explicitly.
+
+ * In "git reflog expire", REACHABLE bit was not cleared from the
+ correct objects.
+
+ * The "--color=<when>" argument to the commands in the diff family
+ was described poorly.
+
+ * The arguments given to pre-rebase hook were not documented.
+
+ * The v4 index format was not documented.
+
+ * The "--match=<pattern>" argument "git describe" takes uses glob
+ pattern but it wasn't obvious from the documentation.
+
+ * Some sources failed to compile on systems that lack NI_MAXHOST in
+ their system header (e.g. z/OS).
+
+ * Add an example use of "--env-filter" in "filter-branch"
+ documentation.
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not say "records a complete history" for a
+ bundle that does not have any prerequisites.
+
+ * In the v1.8.0 era, we changed symbols that do not have to be global
+ to file scope static, but a few functions in graph.c were used by
+ CGit from sideways bypassing the entry points of the API the
+ in-tree users use.
+
+ * "git merge-tree" had a typo in the logic to detect d/f conflicts,
+ which caused it to segfault in some cases.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..dab4831
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,61 @@
+Git v1.8.2.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.2.1
+--------------------
+
+ * Zsh completion forgot that '%' character used to signal untracked
+ files needs to be escaped with another '%'.
+
+ * A commit object whose author or committer ident are malformed
+ crashed some code that trusted that a name, an email and an
+ timestamp can always be found in it.
+
+ * The new core.commentchar configuration was not applied to a few
+ places.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" did not pass "-v/-q" options to underlying
+ "git rebase".
+
+ * When receive-pack detects error in the pack header it received in
+ order to decide which of unpack-objects or index-pack to run, it
+ returned without closing the error stream, which led to a hang
+ sideband thread.
+
+ * "git diff --diff-algorithm=algo" was understood by the command line
+ parser, but "git diff --diff-algorithm algo" was not.
+
+ * "git log -S/-G" started paying attention to textconv filter, but
+ there was no way to disable this. Make it honor --no-textconv
+ option.
+
+ * "git merge $(git rev-parse v1.8.2)" behaved quite differently from
+ "git merge v1.8.2", as if v1.8.2 were written as v1.8.2^0 and did
+ not pay much attention to the annotated tag payload. Make the code
+ notice the type of the tag object, in addition to the dwim_ref()
+ based classification the current code uses (i.e. the name appears
+ in refs/tags/) to decide when to special case merging of tags.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" and "git revert" can take more than one commit
+ on the command line these days, but it was not mentioned on the usage
+ text.
+
+ * Perl scripts like "git-svn" closed (not redirecting to /dev/null)
+ the standard error stream, which is not a very smart thing to do.
+ Later open may return file descriptor #2 for unrelated purpose, and
+ error reporting code may write into them.
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" was not prepared to see a line getting
+ longer after fixing whitespaces (e.g. tab-in-indent aka Python).
+
+ * "git diff/log --cc" did not work well with options that ignore
+ whitespace changes.
+
+ * Documentation on setting up a http server that requires
+ authentication only on the push but not fetch has been clarified.
+
+ * A few bugfixes to "git rerere" working on corner case merge
+ conflicts have been applied.
+
+ * "git bundle" did not like a bundle created using a commit without
+ any message as its one of the prerequistes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6139482
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
+Git v1.8.2.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.2.2
+--------------------
+
+ * "rev-list --stdin" and friends kept bogus pointers into the input
+ buffer around as human readable object names. This was not a
+ huge problem but was exposed by a new change that uses these
+ names in error output.
+
+ * When "git difftool" drove "kdiff3", it mistakenly passed --auto
+ option that was meant while resolving merge conflicts.
+
+ * "git remote add" command did not diagnose extra command line
+ arguments as an error and silently ignored them.
+
+Also contains a handful of trivial code clean-ups, documentation
+updates, updates to the test suite, etc.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fc606ae
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,495 @@
+Git v1.8.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes (this release)
+-------------------------------------------
+
+"git push $there tag v1.2.3" used to allow replacing a tag v1.2.3
+that already exists in the repository $there, if the rewritten tag
+you are pushing points at a commit that is a descendant of a commit
+that the old tag v1.2.3 points at. This was found to be error prone
+and starting with this release, any attempt to update an existing
+ref under refs/tags/ hierarchy will fail, without "--force".
+
+When "git add -u" and "git add -A" that does not specify what paths
+to add on the command line is run from inside a subdirectory, the
+scope of the operation has always been limited to the subdirectory.
+Many users found this counter-intuitive, given that "git commit -a"
+and other commands operate on the entire tree regardless of where you
+are. In this release, these commands give a warning message that
+suggests the users to use "git add -u/-A ." when they want to limit
+the scope to the current directory; doing so will squelch the message,
+while training their fingers.
+
+
+Backward compatibility notes (for Git 2.0)
+------------------------------------------
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). In Git 2.0, the default will change to the "simple"
+semantics that pushes the current branch to the branch with the same
+name, only when the current branch is set to integrate with that
+remote branch. There is a user preference configuration variable
+"push.default" to change this. If you are an old-timer who is used
+to the "matching" semantics, you can set it to "matching" to keep the
+traditional behaviour. If you want to live in the future early,
+you can set it to "simple" today without waiting for Git 2.0.
+
+When "git add -u" and "git add -A", that does not specify what paths
+to add on the command line is run from inside a subdirectory, these
+commands will operate on the entire tree in Git 2.0 for consistency
+with "git commit -a" and other commands. Because there will be no
+mechanism to make "git add -u" behave as if "git add -u .", it is
+important for those who are used to "git add -u" (without pathspec)
+updating the index only for paths in the current subdirectory to start
+training their fingers to explicitly say "git add -u ." when they mean
+it before Git 2.0 comes.
+
+
+Updates since v1.8.1
+--------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Initial ports to QNX and z/OS UNIX System Services have started.
+
+ * Output from the tests is coloured using "green is okay, yellow is
+ questionable, red is bad and blue is informative" scheme.
+
+ * Mention of "GIT/Git/git" in the documentation have been updated to
+ be more uniform and consistent. The name of the system and the
+ concept it embodies is "Git"; the command the users type is "git".
+ All-caps "GIT" was merely a way to imitate "Git" typeset in small
+ caps in our ASCII text only documentation and to be avoided.
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/completion) used to let the
+ default completer to suggest pathnames, which gave too many
+ irrelevant choices (e.g. "git add" would not want to add an
+ unmodified path). It learnt to use a more git-aware logic to
+ enumerate only relevant ones.
+
+ * In bare repositories, "git shortlog" and other commands now read
+ mailmap files from the tip of the history, to help running these
+ tools in server settings.
+
+ * Color specifiers, e.g. "%C(blue)Hello%C(reset)", used in the
+ "--format=" option of "git log" and friends can be disabled when
+ the output is not sent to a terminal by prefixing them with
+ "auto,", e.g. "%C(auto,blue)Hello%C(auto,reset)".
+
+ * Scripts can ask Git that wildcard patterns in pathspecs they give do
+ not have any significance, i.e. take them as literal strings.
+
+ * The patterns in .gitignore and .gitattributes files can have **/,
+ as a pattern that matches 0 or more levels of subdirectory.
+ E.g. "foo/**/bar" matches "bar" in "foo" itself or in a
+ subdirectory of "foo".
+
+ * When giving arguments without "--" disambiguation, object names
+ that come earlier on the command line must not be interpretable as
+ pathspecs and pathspecs that come later on the command line must
+ not be interpretable as object names. This disambiguation rule has
+ been tweaked so that ":/" (no other string before or after) is
+ always interpreted as a pathspec; "git cmd -- :/" is no longer
+ needed, you can just say "git cmd :/".
+
+ * Various "hint" lines Git gives when it asks the user to edit
+ messages in the editor are commented out with '#' by default. The
+ core.commentchar configuration variable can be used to customize
+ this '#' to a different character.
+
+ * "git add -u" and "git add -A" without pathspec issues warning to
+ make users aware that they are only operating on paths inside the
+ subdirectory they are in. Use ":/" (everything from the top) or
+ "." (everything from the $cwd) to disambiguate.
+
+ * "git blame" (and "git diff") learned the "--no-follow" option.
+
+ * "git branch" now rejects some nonsense combinations of command line
+ arguments (e.g. giving more than one branch name to rename) with
+ more case-specific error messages.
+
+ * "git check-ignore" command to help debugging .gitignore files has
+ been added.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" can be used to replay a root commit to an unborn
+ branch.
+
+ * "git commit" can be told to use --cleanup=whitespace by setting the
+ configuration variable commit.cleanup to 'whitespace'.
+
+ * "git diff" and other Porcelain commands can be told to use a
+ non-standard algorithm by setting diff.algorithm configuration
+ variable.
+
+ * "git fetch --mirror" and fetch that uses other forms of refspec
+ with wildcard used to attempt to update a symbolic ref that match
+ the wildcard on the receiving end, which made little sense (the
+ real ref that is pointed at by the symbolic ref would be updated
+ anyway). Symbolic refs no longer are affected by such a fetch.
+
+ * "git format-patch" now detects more cases in which a whole branch
+ is being exported, and uses the description for the branch, when
+ asked to write a cover letter for the series.
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned "-v $count" option, and prepends a
+ string "v$count-" to the names of its output files, and also
+ automatically sets the subject prefix to "PATCH v$count". This
+ allows patches from rerolled series to be stored under different
+ names and makes it easier to reuse cover letter messages.
+
+ * "git log" and friends can be told with --use-mailmap option to
+ rewrite the names and email addresses of people using the mailmap
+ mechanism.
+
+ * "git log --cc --graph" now shows the combined diff output with the
+ ancestry graph.
+
+ * "git log --grep=<pattern>" honors i18n.logoutputencoding to look
+ for the pattern after fixing the log message to the specified
+ encoding.
+
+ * "git mergetool" and "git difftool" learned to list the available
+ tool backends in a more consistent manner.
+
+ * "git mergetool" is aware of TortoiseGitMerge now and uses it over
+ TortoiseMerge when available.
+
+ * "git push" now requires "-f" to update a tag, even if it is a
+ fast-forward, as tags are meant to be fixed points.
+
+ * Error messages from "git push" when it stops to prevent remote refs
+ from getting overwritten by mistake have been improved to explain
+ various situations separately.
+
+ * "git push" will stop without doing anything if the new "pre-push"
+ hook exists and exits with a failure.
+
+ * When "git rebase" fails to generate patches to be applied (e.g. due
+ to oom), it failed to detect the failure and instead behaved as if
+ there were nothing to do. A workaround to use a temporary file has
+ been applied, but we probably would want to revisit this later, as
+ it hurts the common case of not failing at all.
+
+ * Input and preconditions to "git reset" has been loosened where
+ appropriate. "git reset $fromtree Makefile" requires $fromtree to
+ be any tree (it used to require it to be a commit), for example.
+ "git reset" (without options or parameters) used to error out when
+ you do not have any commits in your history, but it now gives you
+ an empty index (to match non-existent commit you are not even on).
+
+ * "git status" says what branch is being bisected or rebased when
+ able, not just "bisecting" or "rebasing".
+
+ * "git submodule" started learning a new mode to integrate with the
+ tip of the remote branch (as opposed to integrating with the commit
+ recorded in the superproject's gitlink).
+
+ * "git upload-pack" which implements the service "ls-remote" and
+ "fetch" talk to can be told to hide ref hierarchies the server
+ side internally uses (and that clients have no business learning
+ about) with transfer.hiderefs configuration.
+
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * "git fast-export" has been updated for its use in the context of
+ the remote helper interface.
+
+ * A new remote helper to interact with bzr has been added to contrib/.
+
+ * "git p4" got various bugfixes around its branch handling. It is
+ also made usable with Python 2.4/2.5. In addition, its various
+ portability issues for Cygwin have been addressed.
+
+ * The remote helper to interact with Hg in contrib/ has seen a few
+ fixes.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * "git fsck" has been taught to be pickier about entries in tree
+ objects that should not be there, e.g. ".", ".git", and "..".
+
+ * Matching paths with common forms of pathspecs that contain wildcard
+ characters has been optimized further.
+
+ * We stopped paying attention to $GIT_CONFIG environment that points
+ at a single configuration file from any command other than "git config"
+ quite a while ago, but "git clone" internally set, exported, and
+ then unexported the variable during its operation unnecessarily.
+
+ * "git reset" internals has been reworked and should be faster in
+ general. We tried to be careful not to break any behaviour but
+ there could be corner cases, especially when running the command
+ from a conflicted state, that we may have missed.
+
+ * The implementation of "imap-send" has been updated to reuse xml
+ quoting code from http-push codepath, and lost a lot of unused
+ code.
+
+ * There is a simple-minded checker for the test scripts in t/
+ directory to catch most common mistakes (it is not enabled by
+ default).
+
+ * You can build with USE_WILDMATCH=YesPlease to use a replacement
+ implementation of pattern matching logic used for pathname-like
+ things, e.g. refnames and paths in the repository. This new
+ implementation is not expected change the existing behaviour of Git
+ in this release, except for "git for-each-ref" where you can now
+ say "refs/**/master" and match with both refs/heads/master and
+ refs/remotes/origin/master. We plan to use this new implementation
+ in wider places (e.g. "git ls-files '**/Makefile' may find Makefile
+ at the top-level, and "git log '**/t*.sh'" may find commits that
+ touch a shell script whose name begins with "t" at any level) in
+ future versions of Git, but we are not there yet. By building with
+ USE_WILDMATCH, using the resulting Git daily and reporting when you
+ find breakages, you can help us get closer to that goal.
+
+ * Some reimplementations of Git do not write all the stat info back
+ to the index due to their implementation limitations (e.g. jgit).
+ A configuration option can tell Git to ignore changes to most of
+ the stat fields and only pay attention to mtime and size, which
+ these implementations can reliably update. This can be used to
+ avoid excessive revalidation of contents.
+
+ * Some platforms ship with old version of expat where xmlparse.h
+ needs to be included instead of expat.h; the build procedure has
+ been taught about this.
+
+ * "make clean" on platforms that cannot compute header dependencies
+ on the fly did not work with implementations of "rm" that do not
+ like an empty argument list.
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.8.1 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * An element on GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES list that does not name the
+ real path to a directory (i.e. a symbolic link) could have caused
+ the GIT_DIR discovery logic to escape the ceiling.
+
+ * When attempting to read the XDG-style $HOME/.config/git/config and
+ finding that $HOME/.config/git is a file, we gave a wrong error
+ message, instead of treating the case as "a custom config file does
+ not exist there" and moving on.
+
+ * The behaviour visible to the end users was confusing, when they
+ attempt to kill a process spawned in the editor that was in turn
+ launched by Git with SIGINT (or SIGQUIT), as Git would catch that
+ signal and die. We ignore these signals now.
+ (merge 0398fc34 pf/editor-ignore-sigint later to maint).
+
+ * A child process that was killed by a signal (e.g. SIGINT) was
+ reported in an inconsistent way depending on how the process was
+ spawned by us, with or without a shell in between.
+
+ * After failing to create a temporary file using mkstemp(), failing
+ pathname was not reported correctly on some platforms.
+
+ * We used to stuff "user@" and then append what we read from
+ /etc/mailname to come up with a default e-mail ident, but a bug
+ lost the "user@" part.
+
+ * The attribute mechanism didn't allow limiting attributes to be
+ applied to only a single directory itself with "path/" like the
+ exclude mechanism does. The initial implementation of this that
+ was merged to 'maint' and 1.8.1.2 was with a severe performance
+ degradations and needs to merge a fix-up topic.
+
+ * The smart HTTP clients forgot to verify the content-type that comes
+ back from the server side to make sure that the request is being
+ handled properly.
+
+ * "git am" did not parse datestamp correctly from Hg generated patch,
+ when it is run in a locale outside C (or en).
+
+ * "git apply" misbehaved when fixing whitespace breakages by removing
+ excess trailing blank lines.
+
+ * "git apply --summary" has been taught to make sure the similarity
+ value shown in its output is sensible, even when the input had a
+ bogus value.
+
+ * A tar archive created by "git archive" recorded a directory in a
+ way that made NetBSD's implementation of "tar" sometimes unhappy.
+
+ * "git archive" did not record uncompressed size in the header when
+ streaming a zip archive, which confused some implementations of unzip.
+
+ * "git archive" did not parse configuration values in tar.* namespace
+ correctly.
+ (merge b3873c3 jk/config-parsing-cleanup later to maint).
+
+ * Attempt to "branch --edit-description" an existing branch, while
+ being on a detached HEAD, errored out.
+
+ * "git clean" showed what it was going to do, but sometimes end up
+ finding that it was not allowed to do so, which resulted in a
+ confusing output (e.g. after saying that it will remove an
+ untracked directory, it found an embedded git repository there
+ which it is not allowed to remove). It now performs the actions
+ and then reports the outcome more faithfully.
+
+ * When "git clone --separate-git-dir=$over_there" is interrupted, it
+ failed to remove the real location of the $GIT_DIR it created.
+ This was most visible when interrupting a submodule update.
+
+ * "git cvsimport" mishandled timestamps at DST boundary.
+
+ * We used to have an arbitrary 32 limit for combined diff input,
+ resulting in incorrect number of leading colons shown when showing
+ the "--raw --cc" output.
+
+ * "git fetch --depth" was broken in at least three ways. The
+ resulting history was deeper than specified by one commit, it was
+ unclear how to wipe the shallowness of the repository with the
+ command, and documentation was misleading.
+ (merge cfb70e1 nd/fetch-depth-is-broken later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --all -p" that walked refs/notes/textconv/ ref can later
+ try to use the textconv data incorrectly after it gets freed.
+
+ * We forgot to close the file descriptor reading from "gpg" output,
+ killing "git log --show-signature" on a long history.
+
+ * The way "git svn" asked for password using SSH_ASKPASS and
+ GIT_ASKPASS was not in line with the rest of the system.
+
+ * The --graph code fell into infinite loop when asked to do what the
+ code did not expect.
+
+ * http transport was wrong to ask for the username when the
+ authentication is done by certificate identity.
+
+ * "git pack-refs" that ran in parallel to another process that
+ created new refs had a nasty race.
+
+ * Rebasing the history of superproject with change in the submodule
+ has been broken since v1.7.12.
+
+ * After "git add -N" and then writing a tree object out of the
+ index, the cache-tree data structure got corrupted.
+
+ * "git clone" used to allow --bare and --separate-git-dir=$there
+ options at the same time, which was nonsensical.
+
+ * "git rebase --preserve-merges" lost empty merges in recent versions
+ of Git.
+
+ * "git merge --no-edit" computed who were involved in the work done
+ on the side branch, even though that information is to be discarded
+ without getting seen in the editor.
+
+ * "git merge" started calling prepare-commit-msg hook like "git
+ commit" does some time ago, but forgot to pay attention to the exit
+ status of the hook.
+
+ * A failure to push due to non-ff while on an unborn branch
+ dereferenced a NULL pointer when showing an error message.
+
+ * When users spell "cc:" in lowercase in the fake "header" in the
+ trailer part, "git send-email" failed to pick up the addresses from
+ there. As e-mail headers field names are case insensitive, this
+ script should follow suit and treat "cc:" and "Cc:" the same way.
+
+ * Output from "git status --ignored" showed an unexpected interaction
+ with "--untracked".
+
+ * "gitweb", when sorting by age to show repositories with new
+ activities first, used to sort repositories with absolutely
+ nothing in it early, which was not very useful.
+
+ * "gitweb"'s code to sanitize control characters before passing it to
+ "highlight" filter lost known-to-be-safe control characters by
+ mistake.
+
+ * "gitweb" pages served over HTTPS, when configured to show picon or
+ gravatar, referred to these external resources to be fetched via
+ HTTP, resulting in mixed contents warning in browsers.
+
+ * When a line to be wrapped has a solid run of non space characters
+ whose length exactly is the wrap width, "git shortlog -w" failed
+ to add a newline after such a line.
+
+ * Command line completion leaked an unnecessary error message while
+ looking for possible matches with paths in <tree-ish>.
+
+ * Command line completion for "tcsh" emitted an unwanted space
+ after completing a single directory name.
+
+ * Command line completion code was inadvertently made incompatible with
+ older versions of bash by using a newer array notation.
+
+ * "git push" was taught to refuse updating the branch that is
+ currently checked out long time ago, but the user manual was left
+ stale.
+ (merge 50995ed wk/man-deny-current-branch-is-default-these-days later to maint).
+
+ * Some shells do not behave correctly when IFS is unset; work it
+ around by explicitly setting it to the default value.
+
+ * Some scripted programs written in Python did not get updated when
+ PYTHON_PATH changed.
+ (cherry-pick 96a4647fca54031974cd6ad1 later to maint).
+
+ * When autoconf is used, any build on a different commit always ran
+ "config.status --recheck" even when unnecessary.
+
+ * A fix was added to the build procedure to work around buggy
+ versions of ccache broke the auto-generation of dependencies, which
+ unfortunately is still relevant because some people use ancient
+ distros.
+
+ * The autoconf subsystem passed --mandir down to generated
+ config.mak.autogen but forgot to do the same for --htmldir.
+ (merge 55d9bf0 ct/autoconf-htmldir later to maint).
+
+ * A change made on v1.8.1.x maintenance track had a nasty regression
+ to break the build when autoconf is used.
+ (merge 7f1b697 jn/less-reconfigure later to maint).
+
+ * We have been carrying a translated and long-unmaintained copy of an
+ old version of the tutorial; removed.
+
+ * t0050 had tests expecting failures from a bug that was fixed some
+ time ago.
+
+ * t4014, t9502 and t0200 tests had various portability issues that
+ broke on OpenBSD.
+
+ * t9020 and t3600 tests had various portability issues.
+
+ * t9200 runs "cvs init" on a directory that already exists, but a
+ platform can configure this fail for the current user (e.g. you
+ need to be in the cvsadmin group on NetBSD 6.0).
+
+ * t9020 and t9810 had a few non-portable shell script construct.
+
+ * Scripts to test bash completion was inherently flaky as it was
+ affected by whatever random things the user may have on $PATH.
+
+ * An element on GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES could be a "logical" pathname
+ that uses a symbolic link to point at somewhere else (e.g. /home/me
+ that points at /net/host/export/home/me, and the latter directory
+ is automounted). Earlier when Git saw such a pathname e.g. /home/me
+ on this environment variable, the "ceiling" mechanism did not take
+ effect. With this release (the fix has also been merged to the
+ v1.8.1.x maintenance series), elements on GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES
+ are by default checked for such aliasing coming from symbolic
+ links. As this needs to actually resolve symbolic links for each
+ element on the GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES, you can disable this
+ mechanism for some elements by listing them after an empty element
+ on the GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES. e.g. Setting /home/me::/home/him to
+ GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES makes Git resolve symbolic links in
+ /home/me when checking if the current directory is under /home/me,
+ but does not do so for /home/him.
+ (merge 7ec30aa mh/maint-ceil-absolute later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ead568e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,436 @@
+Git v1.8.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes (for Git 2.0)
+------------------------------------------
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). In Git 2.0, the default will change to the "simple"
+semantics that pushes only the current branch to the branch with the same
+name, and only when the current branch is set to integrate with that
+remote branch. Use the user preference configuration variable
+"push.default" to change this. If you are an old-timer who is used
+to the "matching" semantics, you can set the variable to "matching"
+to keep the traditional behaviour. If you want to live in the future
+early, you can set it to "simple" today without waiting for Git 2.0.
+
+When "git add -u" (and "git add -A") is run inside a subdirectory and
+does not specify which paths to add on the command line, it
+will operate on the entire tree in Git 2.0 for consistency
+with "git commit -a" and other commands. There will be no
+mechanism to make plain "git add -u" behave like "git add -u .".
+Current users of "git add -u" (without a pathspec) should start
+training their fingers to explicitly say "git add -u ."
+before Git 2.0 comes. A warning is issued when these commands are
+run without a pathspec and when you have local changes outside the
+current directory, because the behaviour in Git 2.0 will be different
+from today's version in such a situation.
+
+In Git 2.0, "git add <path>" will behave as "git add -A <path>", so
+that "git add dir/" will notice paths you removed from the directory
+and record the removal. Versions before Git 2.0, including this
+release, will keep ignoring removals, but the users who rely on this
+behaviour are encouraged to start using "git add --ignore-removal <path>"
+now before 2.0 is released.
+
+
+Updates since v1.8.2
+--------------------
+
+Foreign interface
+
+ * remote-hg and remote-bzr helpers (in contrib/ since v1.8.2) have
+ been updated; especially, the latter has been done in an
+ accelerated schedule (read: we may not have merged to this release
+ if we were following the usual "cook sufficiently in next before
+ unleashing it to the world" workflow) in order to help Emacs folks,
+ whose primary SCM seems to be stagnating.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * A handful of updates applied to gitk, including an addition of
+ "revert" action, showing dates in tags in a nicer way, making
+ colors configurable, and support for -G'pickaxe' search.
+
+ * The prompt string generator (in contrib/completion/) learned to
+ show how many changes there are in total and how many have been
+ replayed during a "git rebase" session.
+
+ * "git branch --vv" learned to paint the name of the branch it
+ integrates with in a different color (color.branch.upstream,
+ which defaults to blue).
+
+ * In a sparsely populated working tree, "git checkout <pathspec>" no
+ longer unmarks paths that match the given pathspec that were
+ originally ignored with "--sparse" (use --ignore-skip-worktree-bits
+ option to resurrect these paths out of the index if you really want
+ to).
+
+ * "git log --format" specifier learned %C(auto) token that tells Git
+ to use color when interpolating %d (decoration), %h (short commit
+ object name), etc. for terminal output.
+
+ * "git bisect" leaves the final outcome as a comment in its bisect
+ log file.
+
+ * "git clone --reference" can now refer to a gitfile "textual symlink"
+ that points at the real location of the repository.
+
+ * "git count-objects" learned "--human-readable" aka "-H" option to
+ show various large numbers in Ki/Mi/GiB scaled as necessary.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick $blob" and "git cherry-pick $tree" are nonsense,
+ and a more readable error message e.g. "can't cherry-pick a tree"
+ is given (we used to say "expected exactly one commit").
+
+ * The "--annotate" option to "git send-email" can be turned on (or
+ off) by default with sendemail.annotate configuration variable (you
+ can use --no-annotate from the command line to override it).
+
+ * The "--cover-letter" option to "git format-patch" can be turned on
+ (or off) by default with format.coverLetter configuration
+ variable. By setting it to 'auto', you can turn it on only for a
+ series with two or more patches.
+
+ * The bash completion support (in contrib/) learned that cherry-pick
+ takes a few more options than it already knew about.
+
+ * "git help" learned "-g" option to show the list of guides just like
+ list of commands are given with "-a".
+
+ * A triangular "pull from one place, push to another place" workflow
+ is supported better by new remote.pushdefault (overrides the
+ "origin" thing) and branch.*.pushremote (overrides the
+ branch.*.remote) configuration variables.
+
+ * "git status" learned to report that you are in the middle of a
+ revert session, just like it does for a cherry-pick and a bisect
+ session.
+
+ * The handling by "git branch --set-upstream-to" against various forms
+ of erroneous inputs was suboptimal and has been improved.
+
+ * When the interactive access to git-shell is not enabled, it issues
+ a message meant to help the system administrator to enable it. An
+ explicit way has been added to issue custom messages to refuse an
+ access over the network to help the end users who connect to the
+ service expecting an interactive shell.
+
+ * In addition to the case where the user edits the log message with
+ the "e)dit" option of "am -i", replace the "Applying: this patch"
+ message with the final log message contents after applymsg hook
+ munges it.
+
+ * "git status" suggests users to look into using --untracked=no option
+ when it takes too long.
+
+ * "git status" shows a bit more information during a rebase/bisect
+ session.
+
+ * "git fetch" learned to fetch a commit at the tip of an unadvertised
+ ref by specifying a raw object name from the command line when the
+ server side supports this feature.
+
+ * Output from "git log --graph" works better with submodule log
+ output now.
+
+ * "git count-objects -v" learned to report leftover temporary
+ packfiles and other garbage in the object store.
+
+ * A new read-only credential helper (in contrib/) to interact with
+ the .netrc/.authinfo files has been added.
+
+ * "git send-email" can be used with the credential helper system.
+
+ * There was no Porcelain way to say "I no longer am interested in
+ this submodule", once you express your interest in a submodule with
+ "submodule init". "submodule deinit" is the way to do so.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" learned to pass "-v/-q" options to underlying
+ "git rebase".
+
+ * The new "--follow-tags" option tells "git push" to push relevant
+ annotated tags when pushing branches out.
+
+ * "git merge" and "git pull" can optionally be told to inspect and
+ reject when merging a commit that does not carry a trusted GPG
+ signature.
+
+ * "git mergetool" now feeds files to the "p4merge" backend in the
+ order that matches the p4 convention, where "theirs" is usually
+ shown on the left side, which is the opposite from what other backends
+ expect.
+
+ * "show/log" now honors gpg.program configuration just like other
+ parts of the code that use GnuPG.
+
+ * "git log" that shows the difference between the parent and the
+ child has been optimized somewhat.
+
+ * "git difftool" allows the user to write into the temporary files
+ being shown; if the user makes changes to the working tree at the
+ same time, it now refrains from overwriting the copy in the working
+ tree and leaves the temporary file so that changes can be merged
+ manually.
+
+ * There was no good way to ask "I have a random string that came from
+ outside world. I want to turn it into a 40-hex object name while
+ making sure such an object exists". A new peeling suffix ^{object}
+ can be used for that purpose, together with "rev-parse --verify".
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * Updates for building under msvc.
+
+ * A handful of issues in the code that traverses the working tree to find
+ untracked and/or ignored files have been fixed, and the general
+ codepath involved in "status -u" and "clean" have been cleaned up
+ and optimized.
+
+ * The stack footprint of some codepaths that access an object from a
+ pack has been shrunk.
+
+ * The logic to coalesce the same lines removed from the parents in
+ the output from "diff -c/--cc" has been updated, but with O(n^2)
+ complexity, so this might turn out to be undesirable.
+
+ * The code to enforce permission bits on files in $GIT_DIR/ for
+ shared repositories has been simplified.
+
+ * A few codepaths know how much data they need to put in the
+ hashtables they use when they start, but still began with small tables
+ and repeatedly grew and rehashed them.
+
+ * The API to walk reflog entries from the latest to older, which was
+ necessary for operations such as "git checkout -", was cumbersome
+ to use correctly and also inefficient.
+
+ * Codepaths that inspect log-message-to-be and decide when to add a
+ new Signed-off-by line in various commands have been consolidated.
+
+ * The pkt-line API, implementation and its callers have been cleaned
+ up to make them more robust.
+
+ * The Cygwin port has a faster-but-lying lstat(2) emulation whose
+ incorrectness does not matter in practice except for a few
+ codepaths, and setting permission bits on directories is a codepath
+ that needs to use a more correct one.
+
+ * "git checkout" had repeated pathspec matches on the same paths,
+ which have been consolidated. Also a bug in "git checkout dir/"
+ that is started from an unmerged index has been fixed.
+
+ * A few bugfixes to "git rerere" working on corner case merge
+ conflicts have been applied.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.8.2
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.8.2 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * Recent versions of File::Temp (used by "git svn") started blowing
+ up when its tempfile sub is called as a class method; updated the
+ callsite to call it as a plain vanilla function to fix it.
+ (merge eafc2dd hb/git-pm-tempfile later to maint).
+
+ * Various subcommands of "git remote" simply ignored extraneous
+ command line arguments instead of diagnosing them as errors.
+
+ * When receive-pack detects an error in the pack header it received in
+ order to decide which of unpack-objects or index-pack to run, it
+ returned without closing the error stream, which led to a hung
+ sideband thread.
+
+ * Zsh completion forgot that the '%' character used to signal untracked
+ files needs to be escaped with another '%'.
+
+ * A commit object whose author or committer ident are malformed
+ crashed some code that trusted that a name, an email and a
+ timestamp can always be found in it.
+
+ * When "upload-pack" fails while generating a pack in response to
+ "git fetch" (or "git clone"), the receiving side had
+ a programming error that triggered the die handler
+ recursively.
+
+ * "rev-list --stdin" and friends kept bogus pointers into the input
+ buffer around as human readable object names. This was not a huge
+ problem but was exposed by a new change that uses these names in
+ error output.
+
+ * Smart-capable HTTP servers were not restricted via the
+ GIT_NAMESPACE mechanism when talking with commit-walking clients,
+ like they are when talking with smart HTTP clients.
+ (merge 6130f86 jk/http-dumb-namespaces later to maint).
+
+ * "git merge-tree" did not omit a merge result that is identical to
+ the "our" side in certain cases.
+ (merge aacecc3 jk/merge-tree-added-identically later to maint).
+
+ * Perl scripts like "git-svn" closed (instead of redirecting to /dev/null)
+ the standard error stream, which is not a very smart thing to do.
+ A later open may return file descriptor #2 for an unrelated purpose, and
+ error reporting code may write into it.
+
+ * "git show-branch" was not prepared to show a very long run of
+ ancestor operators e.g. foobar^2~2^2^2^2...^2~4 correctly.
+
+ * "git diff --diff-algorithm algo" is also understood as "git diff
+ --diff-algorithm=algo".
+
+ * The new core.commentchar configuration was not applied in a few
+ places.
+
+ * "git bundle" erroneously bailed out when parsing a valid bundle
+ containing a prerequisite commit without a commit message.
+
+ * "git log -S/-G" started paying attention to textconv filter, but
+ there was no way to disable this. Make it honor the --no-textconv
+ option.
+
+ * When used with the "-d temporary-directory" option, "git filter-branch"
+ failed to come back to the original working tree to perform the
+ final clean-up procedure.
+
+ * "git merge $(git rev-parse v1.8.2)" behaved quite differently from
+ "git merge v1.8.2", as if v1.8.2 were written as v1.8.2^0 and did
+ not pay much attention to the annotated tag payload. Make the code
+ notice the type of the tag object, in addition to the dwim_ref()
+ based classification the current code uses (i.e. the name appears
+ in refs/tags/) to decide when to special-case tag merging.
+
+ * Fix a 1.8.1.x regression that stopped matching "dir" (without a
+ trailing slash) to a directory "dir".
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" was not prepared to see a line getting
+ longer after fixing whitespaces (e.g. tab-in-indent aka Python).
+
+ * The prompt string generator (in contrib/completion/) did not notice
+ when we are in a middle of a "git revert" session.
+
+ * "submodule summary --summary-limit" option did not support the
+ "--option=value" form.
+
+ * "index-pack --fix-thin" used an uninitialized value to compute
+ the delta depths of objects it appends to the resulting pack.
+
+ * "index-pack --verify-stat" used a few counters outside the protection
+ of a mutex, possibly showing incorrect numbers.
+
+ * The code to keep track of what directory names are known to Git on
+ platforms with case insensitive filesystems could get confused upon a
+ hash collision between these pathnames and would loop forever.
+
+ * Annotated tags outside the refs/tags/ hierarchy were not advertised
+ correctly to ls-remote and fetch with recent versions of Git.
+
+ * Recent optimizations broke shallow clones.
+
+ * "git cmd -- ':(top'" was not diagnosed as an invalid syntax, and
+ instead the parser kept reading beyond the end of the string.
+
+ * "git tag -f <tag>" always said "Updated tag '<tag>'" even when
+ creating a new tag (i.e. neither overwriting nor updating).
+
+ * "git p4" did not behave well when the path to the root of the P4
+ client was not its real path.
+ (merge bbd8486 pw/p4-symlinked-root later to maint).
+
+ * "git archive" reported a failure when asked to create an archive out
+ of an empty tree. It is more intuitive to give an empty
+ archive back in such a case.
+
+ * When "format-patch" quoted a non-ascii string in header files,
+ it incorrectly applied rfc2047 and chopped a single character in
+ the middle of the string.
+
+ * An aliased command spawned from a bare repository that does not say
+ it is bare with "core.bare = yes" was treated as non-bare by mistake.
+
+ * In "git reflog expire", the REACHABLE bit was not cleared from the
+ correct objects.
+
+ * The logic used by "git diff -M --stat" to shorten the names of
+ files before and after a rename did not work correctly when the
+ common prefix and suffix between the two filenames overlapped.
+
+ * The "--match=<pattern>" option of "git describe", when used with
+ "--all" to allow refs that are not annotated tags to be a
+ base of description, did not restrict the output from the command
+ to those refs that match the given pattern.
+
+ * Clarify in the documentation "what" gets pushed to "where" when the
+ command line to "git push" does not say these explicitly.
+
+ * The "--color=<when>" argument to the commands in the diff family
+ was described poorly.
+
+ * The arguments given to the pre-rebase hook were not documented.
+
+ * The v4 index format was not documented.
+
+ * The "--match=<pattern>" argument "git describe" takes uses glob
+ pattern but it wasn't obvious from the documentation.
+
+ * Some sources failed to compile on systems that lack NI_MAXHOST in
+ their system header (e.g. z/OS).
+
+ * Add an example use of "--env-filter" in "filter-branch"
+ documentation.
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not say "records a complete history" for a
+ bundle that does not have any prerequisites.
+
+ * In the v1.8.0 era, we changed symbols that do not have to be global
+ to file scope static, but a few functions in graph.c were used by
+ CGit sideways, bypassing the entry points of the API the
+ in-tree users use.
+
+ * "git update-index -h" did not do the usual "-h(elp)" thing.
+
+ * "git index-pack" had a buffer-overflow while preparing an
+ informational message when the translated version of it was too
+ long.
+
+ * 'git commit -m "$msg"' used to add an extra newline even when
+ $msg already ended with one.
+
+ * The SSL peer verification done by "git imap-send" did not ask for
+ Server Name Indication (RFC 4366), failing to connect to SSL/TLS
+ sites that serve multiple hostnames on a single IP.
+
+ * perl/Git.pm::cat_blob slurped everything in core only to write it
+ out to a file descriptor, which was not a very smart thing to do.
+
+ * "git branch" did not bother to check nonsense command line
+ parameters. It now issues errors in many cases.
+
+ * Verification of signed tags was not done correctly when not in C
+ or en/US locale.
+
+ * Some platforms and users spell UTF-8 differently; retry with the
+ most official "UTF-8" when the system does not understand the
+ user-supplied encoding name that is a common alternative
+ spelling of UTF-8.
+
+ * When export-subst is used, "zip" output recorded an incorrect
+ size of the file.
+
+ * "git am $maildir/" applied messages in an unexpected order; sort
+ filenames read from the maildir/ in a way that is more likely to
+ sort the messages in the order the writing MUA meant to, by sorting
+ numeric segments in numeric order and non-numeric segments in
+ alphabetical order.
+
+ * "git submodule update", when recursed into sub-submodules, did not
+ accumulate the prefix paths.
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index 0dbf2c9..d0a4733 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -1,65 +1,5 @@
-Checklist (and a short version for the impatient):
-
- Commits:
-
- - make commits of logical units
- - check for unnecessary whitespace with "git diff --check"
- before committing
- - do not check in commented out code or unneeded files
- - the first line of the commit message should be a short
- description (50 characters is the soft limit, see DISCUSSION
- in git-commit(1)), and should skip the full stop
- - the body should provide a meaningful commit message, which:
- . explains the problem the change tries to solve, iow, what
- is wrong with the current code without the change.
- . justifies the way the change solves the problem, iow, why
- the result with the change is better.
- . alternate solutions considered but discarded, if any.
- - describe changes in imperative mood, e.g. "make xyzzy do frotz"
- instead of "[This patch] makes xyzzy do frotz" or "[I] changed
- xyzzy to do frotz", as if you are giving orders to the codebase
- to change its behaviour.
- - try to make sure your explanation can be understood without
- external resources. Instead of giving a URL to a mailing list
- archive, summarize the relevant points of the discussion.
- - add a "Signed-off-by: Your Name <you@example.com>" line to the
- commit message (or just use the option "-s" when committing)
- to confirm that you agree to the Developer's Certificate of Origin
- - make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing
- - make sure that the test suite passes after your commit
-
- Patch:
-
- - use "git format-patch -M" to create the patch
- - do not PGP sign your patch
- - do not attach your patch, but read in the mail
- body, unless you cannot teach your mailer to
- leave the formatting of the patch alone.
- - be careful doing cut & paste into your mailer, not to
- corrupt whitespaces.
- - provide additional information (which is unsuitable for
- the commit message) between the "---" and the diffstat
- - if you change, add, or remove a command line option or
- make some other user interface change, the associated
- documentation should be updated as well.
- - if your name is not writable in ASCII, make sure that
- you send off a message in the correct encoding.
- - send the patch to the list (git@vger.kernel.org) and the
- maintainer (gitster@pobox.com) if (and only if) the patch
- is ready for inclusion. If you use git-send-email(1),
- please test it first by sending email to yourself.
- - see below for instructions specific to your mailer
-
-Long version:
-
-I started reading over the SubmittingPatches document for Linux
-kernel, primarily because I wanted to have a document similar to
-it for the core GIT to make sure people understand what they are
-doing when they write "Signed-off-by" line.
-
-But the patch submission requirements are a lot more relaxed
-here on the technical/contents front, because the core GIT is
-thousand times smaller ;-). So here is only the relevant bits.
+Here are some guidelines for people who want to contribute their code
+to this software.
(0) Decide what to base your work on.
@@ -86,6 +26,10 @@ change is relevant to.
wait until some of the dependent topics graduate to 'master', and
rebase your work.
+ - Some parts of the system have dedicated maintainers with their own
+ repositories (see the section "Subsystems" below). Changes to
+ these parts should be based on their trees.
+
To find the tip of a topic branch, run "git log --first-parent
master..pu" and look for the merge commit. The second parent of this
commit is the tip of the topic branch.
@@ -113,49 +57,81 @@ change, the approach taken by the change, and if relevant how this
differs substantially from the prior version, are all good things
to have.
+Make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing.
+
+When adding a new feature, make sure that you have new tests to show
+the feature triggers the new behaviour when it should, and to show the
+feature does not trigger when it shouldn't. Also make sure that the
+test suite passes after your commit. Do not forget to update the
+documentation to describe the updated behaviour.
+
Oh, another thing. I am picky about whitespaces. Make sure your
changes do not trigger errors with the sample pre-commit hook shipped
in templates/hooks--pre-commit. To help ensure this does not happen,
run git diff --check on your changes before you commit.
-(1a) Try to be nice to older C compilers
+(2) Describe your changes well.
+
+The first line of the commit message should be a short description (50
+characters is the soft limit, see DISCUSSION in git-commit(1)), and
+should skip the full stop. It is also conventional in most cases to
+prefix the first line with "area: " where the area is a filename or
+identifier for the general area of the code being modified, e.g.
+
+ . archive: ustar header checksum is computed unsigned
+ . git-cherry-pick.txt: clarify the use of revision range notation
+
+If in doubt which identifier to use, run "git log --no-merges" on the
+files you are modifying to see the current conventions.
-We try to support a wide range of C compilers to compile
-git with. That means that you should not use C99 initializers, even
-if a lot of compilers grok it.
+The body should provide a meaningful commit message, which:
-Also, variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block
-(you can check this with gcc, using the -Wdeclaration-after-statement
-option).
+ . explains the problem the change tries to solve, iow, what is wrong
+ with the current code without the change.
-Another thing: NULL pointers shall be written as NULL, not as 0.
+ . justifies the way the change solves the problem, iow, why the
+ result with the change is better.
+ . alternate solutions considered but discarded, if any.
-(2) Generate your patch using git tools out of your commits.
+Describe your changes in imperative mood, e.g. "make xyzzy do frotz"
+instead of "[This patch] makes xyzzy do frotz" or "[I] changed xyzzy
+to do frotz", as if you are giving orders to the codebase to change
+its behaviour. Try to make sure your explanation can be understood
+without external resources. Instead of giving a URL to a mailing list
+archive, summarize the relevant points of the discussion.
-git based diff tools generate unidiff which is the preferred format.
+
+(3) Generate your patch using Git tools out of your commits.
+
+Git based diff tools generate unidiff which is the preferred format.
You do not have to be afraid to use -M option to "git diff" or
"git format-patch", if your patch involves file renames. The
receiving end can handle them just fine.
-Please make sure your patch does not include any extra files
-which do not belong in a patch submission. Make sure to review
+Please make sure your patch does not add commented out debugging code,
+or include any extra files which do not relate to what your patch
+is trying to achieve. Make sure to review
your patch after generating it, to ensure accuracy. Before
sending out, please make sure it cleanly applies to the "master"
branch head. If you are preparing a work based on "next" branch,
that is fine, but please mark it as such.
-(3) Sending your patches.
+(4) Sending your patches.
-People on the git mailing list need to be able to read and
+People on the Git mailing list need to be able to read and
comment on the changes you are submitting. It is important for
a developer to be able to "quote" your changes, using standard
e-mail tools, so that they may comment on specific portions of
your code. For this reason, all patches should be submitted
-"inline". WARNING: Be wary of your MUAs word-wrap
+"inline". If your log message (including your name on the
+Signed-off-by line) is not writable in ASCII, make sure that
+you send off a message in the correct encoding.
+
+WARNING: Be wary of your MUAs word-wrap
corrupting your patch. Do not cut-n-paste your patch; you can
lose tabs that way if you are not careful.
@@ -179,7 +155,8 @@ message starts, you can put a "From: " line to name that person.
You often want to add additional explanation about the patch,
other than the commit message itself. Place such "cover letter"
-material between the three dash lines and the diffstat.
+material between the three dash lines and the diffstat. Git-notes
+can also be inserted using the `--notes` option.
Do not attach the patch as a MIME attachment, compressed or not.
Do not let your e-mail client send quoted-printable. Do not let
@@ -207,23 +184,29 @@ patch, format it as "multipart/signed", not a text/plain message
that starts with '-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----'. That is
not a text/plain, it's something else.
-Unless your patch is a very trivial and an obviously correct one,
-first send it with "To:" set to the mailing list, with "cc:" listing
+Send your patch with "To:" set to the mailing list, with "cc:" listing
people who are involved in the area you are touching (the output from
"git blame $path" and "git shortlog --no-merges $path" would help to
-identify them), to solicit comments and reviews. After the list
-reached a consensus that it is a good idea to apply the patch, re-send
-it with "To:" set to the maintainer and optionally "cc:" the list for
-inclusion. Do not forget to add trailers such as "Acked-by:",
-"Reviewed-by:" and "Tested-by:" after your "Signed-off-by:" line as
-necessary.
+identify them), to solicit comments and reviews.
+
+After the list reached a consensus that it is a good idea to apply the
+patch, re-send it with "To:" set to the maintainer [*1*] and "cc:" the
+list [*2*] for inclusion.
+
+Do not forget to add trailers such as "Acked-by:", "Reviewed-by:" and
+"Tested-by:" lines as necessary to credit people who helped your
+patch.
+ [Addresses]
+ *1* The current maintainer: gitster@pobox.com
+ *2* The mailing list: git@vger.kernel.org
-(4) Sign your work
+
+(5) Sign your work
To improve tracking of who did what, we've borrowed the
"sign-off" procedure from the Linux kernel project on patches
-that are being emailed around. Although core GIT is a lot
+that are being emailed around. Although core Git is a lot
smaller project it is a good discipline to follow it.
The sign-off is a simple line at the end of the explanation for
@@ -261,7 +244,7 @@ then you just add a line saying
Signed-off-by: Random J Developer <random@developer.example.org>
-This line can be automatically added by git if you run the git-commit
+This line can be automatically added by Git if you run the git-commit
command with the -s option.
Notice that you can place your own Signed-off-by: line when
@@ -290,6 +273,26 @@ You can also create your own tag or use one that's in common usage
such as "Thanks-to:", "Based-on-patch-by:", or "Mentored-by:".
------------------------------------------------
+Subsystems with dedicated maintainers
+
+Some parts of the system have dedicated maintainers with their own
+repositories.
+
+ - git-gui/ comes from git-gui project, maintained by Pat Thoyts:
+
+ git://repo.or.cz/git-gui.git
+
+ - gitk-git/ comes from Paul Mackerras's gitk project:
+
+ git://ozlabs.org/~paulus/gitk
+
+ - po/ comes from the localization coordinator, Jiang Xin:
+
+ https://github.com/git-l10n/git-po/
+
+Patches to these parts should be based on their trees.
+
+------------------------------------------------
An ideal patch flow
Here is an ideal patch flow for this project the current maintainer
@@ -334,7 +337,7 @@ Know the status of your patch after submission
tell you if your patch is merged in pu if you rebase on top of
master).
-* Read the git mailing list, the maintainer regularly posts messages
+* Read the Git mailing list, the maintainer regularly posts messages
entitled "What's cooking in git.git" and "What's in git.git" giving
the status of various proposed changes.
diff --git a/Documentation/asciidoc.conf b/Documentation/asciidoc.conf
index 1273a85..2c16c53 100644
--- a/Documentation/asciidoc.conf
+++ b/Documentation/asciidoc.conf
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@
#
# Note, {0} is the manpage section, while {target} is the command.
#
-# Show GIT link as: <command>(<section>); if section is defined, else just show
+# Show Git link as: <command>(<section>); if section is defined, else just show
# the command.
[macros]
diff --git a/Documentation/blame-options.txt b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
index d4a51da..b0d31df 100644
--- a/Documentation/blame-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ of lines before or after the line given by <start>.
running extra passes of inspection.
+
<num> is optional but it is the lower bound on the number of
-alphanumeric characters that git must detect as moving/copying
+alphanumeric characters that Git must detect as moving/copying
within a file for it to associate those lines with the parent
commit. The default value is 20.
@@ -110,7 +110,7 @@ commit. The default value is 20.
looks for copies from other files in any commit.
+
<num> is optional but it is the lower bound on the number of
-alphanumeric characters that git must detect as moving/copying
+alphanumeric characters that Git must detect as moving/copying
between files for it to associate those lines with the parent
commit. And the default value is 40. If there are more than one
`-C` options given, the <num> argument of the last `-C` will
diff --git a/Documentation/cat-texi.perl b/Documentation/cat-texi.perl
index 828ec62..87437f8 100755
--- a/Documentation/cat-texi.perl
+++ b/Documentation/cat-texi.perl
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@ while (<STDIN>) {
push @menu, $1;
}
s/\(\@pxref{\[(URLS|REMOTES)\]}\)//;
+ s/\@anchor\{[^{}]*\}//g;
print TMP;
}
close TMP;
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index b49feb5..6e53fc5 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -1,14 +1,14 @@
CONFIGURATION FILE
------------------
-The git configuration file contains a number of variables that affect
-the git command's behavior. The `.git/config` file in each repository
+The Git configuration file contains a number of variables that affect
+the Git commands' behavior. The `.git/config` file in each repository
is used to store the configuration for that repository, and
`$HOME/.gitconfig` is used to store a per-user configuration as
fallback values for the `.git/config` file. The file `/etc/gitconfig`
can be used to store a system-wide default configuration.
-The configuration variables are used by both the git plumbing
+The configuration variables are used by both the Git plumbing
and the porcelains. The variables are divided into sections, wherein
the fully qualified variable name of the variable itself is the last
dot-separated segment and the section name is everything before the last
@@ -140,10 +140,12 @@ advice.*::
can tell Git that you do not need help by setting these to 'false':
+
--
- pushNonFastForward::
+ pushUpdateRejected::
Set this variable to 'false' if you want to disable
- 'pushNonFFCurrent', 'pushNonFFDefault', and
- 'pushNonFFMatching' simultaneously.
+ 'pushNonFFCurrent', 'pushNonFFDefault',
+ 'pushNonFFMatching', 'pushAlreadyExists',
+ 'pushFetchFirst', and 'pushNeedsForce'
+ simultaneously.
pushNonFFCurrent::
Advice shown when linkgit:git-push[1] fails due to a
non-fast-forward update to the current branch.
@@ -158,15 +160,33 @@ advice.*::
'matching refs' explicitly (i.e. you used ':', or
specified a refspec that isn't your current branch) and
it resulted in a non-fast-forward error.
+ pushAlreadyExists::
+ Shown when linkgit:git-push[1] rejects an update that
+ does not qualify for fast-forwarding (e.g., a tag.)
+ pushFetchFirst::
+ Shown when linkgit:git-push[1] rejects an update that
+ tries to overwrite a remote ref that points at an
+ object we do not have.
+ pushNeedsForce::
+ Shown when linkgit:git-push[1] rejects an update that
+ tries to overwrite a remote ref that points at an
+ object that is not a committish, or make the remote
+ ref point at an object that is not a committish.
statusHints::
- Directions on how to stage/unstage/add shown in the
- output of linkgit:git-status[1] and the template shown
- when writing commit messages.
+ Show directions on how to proceed from the current
+ state in the output of linkgit:git-status[1], in
+ the template shown when writing commit messages in
+ linkgit:git-commit[1], and in the help message shown
+ by linkgit:git-checkout[1] when switching branch.
+ statusUoption::
+ Advise to consider using the `-u` option to linkgit:git-status[1]
+ when the command takes more than 2 seconds to enumerate untracked
+ files.
commitBeforeMerge::
Advice shown when linkgit:git-merge[1] refuses to
merge to avoid overwriting local changes.
resolveConflict::
- Advices shown by various commands when conflicts
+ Advice shown by various commands when conflicts
prevent the operation from being performed.
implicitIdentity::
Advice on how to set your identity configuration when
@@ -203,9 +223,9 @@ core.ignoreCygwinFSTricks::
core.ignorecase::
If true, this option enables various workarounds to enable
- git to work better on filesystems that are not case sensitive,
+ Git to work better on filesystems that are not case sensitive,
like FAT. For example, if a directory listing finds
- "makefile" when git expects "Makefile", git will assume
+ "makefile" when Git expects "Makefile", Git will assume
it is really the same file, and continue to remember it as
"Makefile".
+
@@ -213,6 +233,15 @@ The default is false, except linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1]
will probe and set core.ignorecase true if appropriate when the repository
is created.
+core.precomposeunicode::
+ This option is only used by Mac OS implementation of Git.
+ When core.precomposeunicode=true, Git reverts the unicode decomposition
+ of filenames done by Mac OS. This is useful when sharing a repository
+ between Mac OS and Linux or Windows.
+ (Git for Windows 1.7.10 or higher is needed, or Git under cygwin 1.7).
+ When false, file names are handled fully transparent by Git,
+ which is backward compatible with older versions of Git.
+
core.trustctime::
If false, the ctime differences between the index and the
working tree are ignored; useful when the inode change time
@@ -220,6 +249,12 @@ core.trustctime::
crawlers and some backup systems).
See linkgit:git-update-index[1]. True by default.
+core.checkstat::
+ Determines which stat fields to match between the index
+ and work tree. The user can set this to 'default' or
+ 'minimal'. Default (or explicitly 'default'), is to check
+ all fields, including the sub-second part of mtime and ctime.
+
core.quotepath::
The commands that output paths (e.g. 'ls-files',
'diff'), when not given the `-z` option, will quote
@@ -241,20 +276,20 @@ core.eol::
conversion.
core.safecrlf::
- If true, makes git check if converting `CRLF` is reversible when
+ If true, makes Git check if converting `CRLF` is reversible when
end-of-line conversion is active. Git will verify if a command
modifies a file in the work tree either directly or indirectly.
For example, committing a file followed by checking out the
same file should yield the original file in the work tree. If
this is not the case for the current setting of
- `core.autocrlf`, git will reject the file. The variable can
- be set to "warn", in which case git will only warn about an
+ `core.autocrlf`, Git will reject the file. The variable can
+ be set to "warn", in which case Git will only warn about an
irreversible conversion but continue the operation.
+
CRLF conversion bears a slight chance of corrupting data.
-When it is enabled, git will convert CRLF to LF during commit and LF to
+When it is enabled, Git will convert CRLF to LF during commit and LF to
CRLF during checkout. A file that contains a mixture of LF and
-CRLF before the commit cannot be recreated by git. For text
+CRLF before the commit cannot be recreated by Git. For text
files this is the right thing to do: it corrects line endings
such that we have only LF line endings in the repository.
But for binary files that are accidentally classified as text the
@@ -264,7 +299,7 @@ If you recognize such corruption early you can easily fix it by
setting the conversion type explicitly in .gitattributes. Right
after committing you still have the original file in your work
tree and this file is not yet corrupted. You can explicitly tell
-git that this file is binary and git will handle the file
+Git that this file is binary and Git will handle the file
appropriately.
+
Unfortunately, the desired effect of cleaning up text files with
@@ -309,7 +344,7 @@ is created.
core.gitProxy::
A "proxy command" to execute (as 'command host port') instead
of establishing direct connection to the remote server when
- using the git protocol for fetching. If the variable value is
+ using the Git protocol for fetching. If the variable value is
in the "COMMAND for DOMAIN" format, the command is applied only
on hostnames ending with the specified domain string. This variable
may be set multiple times and is matched in the given order;
@@ -368,7 +403,7 @@ Note that this variable is honored even when set in a configuration
file in a ".git" subdirectory of a directory and its value differs
from the latter directory (e.g. "/path/to/.git/config" has
core.worktree set to "/different/path"), which is most likely a
-misconfiguration. Running git commands in the "/path/to" directory will
+misconfiguration. Running Git commands in the "/path/to" directory will
still use "/different/path" as the root of the work tree and can cause
confusion unless you know what you are doing (e.g. you are creating a
read-only snapshot of the same index to a location different from the
@@ -377,7 +412,7 @@ repository's usual working tree).
core.logAllRefUpdates::
Enable the reflog. Updates to a ref <ref> is logged to the file
"$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>", by appending the new and old
- SHA1, the date/time and the reason of the update, but
+ SHA-1, the date/time and the reason of the update, but
only when the file exists. If this configuration
variable is set to true, missing "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>"
file is automatically created for branch heads (i.e. under
@@ -400,7 +435,7 @@ core.sharedRepository::
several users in a group (making sure all the files and objects are
group-writable). When 'all' (or 'world' or 'everybody'), the
repository will be readable by all users, additionally to being
- group-shareable. When 'umask' (or 'false'), git will use permissions
+ group-shareable. When 'umask' (or 'false'), Git will use permissions
reported by umask(2). When '0xxx', where '0xxx' is an octal number,
files in the repository will have this mode value. '0xxx' will override
user's umask value (whereas the other options will only override
@@ -411,8 +446,8 @@ core.sharedRepository::
See linkgit:git-init[1]. False by default.
core.warnAmbiguousRefs::
- If true, git will warn you if the ref name you passed it is ambiguous
- and might match multiple refs in the .git/refs/ tree. True by default.
+ If true, Git will warn you if the ref name you passed it is ambiguous
+ and might match multiple refs in the repository. True by default.
core.compression::
An integer -1..9, indicating a default compression level.
@@ -483,10 +518,12 @@ Common unit suffixes of 'k', 'm', or 'g' are supported.
core.excludesfile::
In addition to '.gitignore' (per-directory) and
- '.git/info/exclude', git looks into this file for patterns
+ '.git/info/exclude', Git looks into this file for patterns
of files which are not meant to be tracked. "`~/`" is expanded
to the value of `$HOME` and "`~user/`" to the specified user's
- home directory. See linkgit:gitignore[5].
+ home directory. Its default value is $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/ignore.
+ If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/ignore
+ is used instead. See linkgit:gitignore[5].
core.askpass::
Some commands (e.g. svn and http interfaces) that interactively
@@ -499,9 +536,11 @@ core.askpass::
core.attributesfile::
In addition to '.gitattributes' (per-directory) and
- '.git/info/attributes', git looks into this file for attributes
+ '.git/info/attributes', Git looks into this file for attributes
(see linkgit:gitattributes[5]). Path expansions are made the same
- way as for `core.excludesfile`.
+ way as for `core.excludesfile`. Its default value is
+ $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/attributes. If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not
+ set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/attributes is used instead.
core.editor::
Commands such as `commit` and `tag` that lets you edit
@@ -509,29 +548,35 @@ core.editor::
variable when it is set, and the environment variable
`GIT_EDITOR` is not set. See linkgit:git-var[1].
+core.commentchar::
+ Commands such as `commit` and `tag` that lets you edit
+ messages consider a line that begins with this character
+ commented, and removes them after the editor returns
+ (default '#').
+
sequence.editor::
- Text editor used by `git rebase -i` for editing the rebase insn file.
+ Text editor used by `git rebase -i` for editing the rebase instruction file.
The value is meant to be interpreted by the shell when it is used.
It can be overridden by the `GIT_SEQUENCE_EDITOR` environment variable.
When not configured the default commit message editor is used instead.
core.pager::
- The command that git will use to paginate output. Can
+ The command that Git will use to paginate output. Can
be overridden with the `GIT_PAGER` environment
- variable. Note that git sets the `LESS` environment
+ variable. Note that Git sets the `LESS` environment
variable to `FRSX` if it is unset when it runs the
pager. One can change these settings by setting the
`LESS` variable to some other value. Alternately,
these settings can be overridden on a project or
global basis by setting the `core.pager` option.
- Setting `core.pager` has no affect on the `LESS`
+ Setting `core.pager` has no effect on the `LESS`
environment variable behaviour above, so if you want
- to override git's default settings this way, you need
+ to override Git's default settings this way, you need
to be explicit. For example, to disable the S option
in a backward compatible manner, set `core.pager`
- to `less -+$LESS -FRX`. This will be passed to the
- shell by git, which will translate the final command to
- `LESS=FRSX less -+FRSX -FRX`.
+ to `less -+S`. This will be passed to the shell by
+ Git, which will translate the final command to
+ `LESS=FRSX less -+S`.
core.whitespace::
A comma separated list of common whitespace problems to
@@ -545,8 +590,9 @@ core.whitespace::
* `space-before-tab` treats a space character that appears immediately
before a tab character in the initial indent part of the line as an
error (enabled by default).
-* `indent-with-non-tab` treats a line that is indented with 8 or more
- space characters as an error (not enabled by default).
+* `indent-with-non-tab` treats a line that is indented with space
+ characters instead of the equivalent tabs as an error (not enabled by
+ default).
* `tab-in-indent` treats a tab character in the initial indent part of
the line as an error (not enabled by default).
* `blank-at-eof` treats blank lines added at the end of file as an error
@@ -558,7 +604,7 @@ core.whitespace::
does not trigger if the character before such a carriage-return
is not a whitespace (not enabled by default).
* `tabwidth=<n>` tells how many character positions a tab occupies; this
- is relevant for `indent-with-non-tab` and when git fixes `tab-in-indent`
+ is relevant for `indent-with-non-tab` and when Git fixes `tab-in-indent`
errors. The default tab width is 8. Allowed values are 1 to 63.
core.fsyncobjectfiles::
@@ -574,7 +620,7 @@ core.preloadindex::
+
This can speed up operations like 'git diff' and 'git status' especially
on filesystems like NFS that have weak caching semantics and thus
-relatively high IO latencies. With this set to 'true', git will do the
+relatively high IO latencies. With this set to 'true', Git will do the
index comparison to the filesystem data in parallel, allowing
overlapping IO's.
@@ -610,9 +656,9 @@ add.ignore-errors::
add.ignoreErrors::
Tells 'git add' to continue adding files when some files cannot be
added due to indexing errors. Equivalent to the '--ignore-errors'
- option of linkgit:git-add[1]. Older versions of git accept only
+ option of linkgit:git-add[1]. Older versions of Git accept only
`add.ignore-errors`, which does not follow the usual naming
- convention for configuration variables. Newer versions of git
+ convention for configuration variables. Newer versions of Git
honor `add.ignoreErrors` as well.
alias.*::
@@ -620,7 +666,7 @@ alias.*::
after defining "alias.last = cat-file commit HEAD", the invocation
"git last" is equivalent to "git cat-file commit HEAD". To avoid
confusion and troubles with script usage, aliases that
- hide existing git commands are ignored. Arguments are split by
+ hide existing Git commands are ignored. Arguments are split by
spaces, the usual shell quoting and escaping is supported.
quote pair and a backslash can be used to quote them.
+
@@ -667,7 +713,7 @@ branch.autosetupmerge::
branch.autosetuprebase::
When a new branch is created with 'git branch' or 'git checkout'
- that tracks another branch, this variable tells git to set
+ that tracks another branch, this variable tells Git to set
up pull to rebase instead of merge (see "branch.<name>.rebase").
When `never`, rebase is never automatically set to true.
When `local`, rebase is set to true for tracked branches of
@@ -681,9 +727,22 @@ branch.autosetuprebase::
This option defaults to never.
branch.<name>.remote::
- When in branch <name>, it tells 'git fetch' and 'git push' which
- remote to fetch from/push to. It defaults to `origin` if no remote is
- configured. `origin` is also used if you are not on any branch.
+ When on branch <name>, it tells 'git fetch' and 'git push'
+ which remote to fetch from/push to. The remote to push to
+ may be overridden with `remote.pushdefault` (for all branches).
+ The remote to push to, for the current branch, may be further
+ overridden by `branch.<name>.pushremote`. If no remote is
+ configured, or if you are not on any branch, it defaults to
+ `origin` for fetching and `remote.pushdefault` for pushing.
+
+branch.<name>.pushremote::
+ When on branch <name>, it overrides `branch.<name>.remote` for
+ pushing. It also overrides `remote.pushdefault` for pushing
+ from branch <name>. When you pull from one place (e.g. your
+ upstream) and push to another place (e.g. your own publishing
+ repository), you would want to set `remote.pushdefault` to
+ specify the remote to push to for all branches, and use this
+ option to override it for a specific branch.
branch.<name>.merge::
Defines, together with branch.<name>.remote, the upstream branch
@@ -719,6 +778,12 @@ branch.<name>.rebase::
it unless you understand the implications (see linkgit:git-rebase[1]
for details).
+branch.<name>.description::
+ Branch description, can be edited with
+ `git branch --edit-description`. Branch description is
+ automatically added in the format-patch cover letter or
+ request-pull summary.
+
browser.<tool>.cmd::
Specify the command to invoke the specified browser. The
specified command is evaluated in shell with the URLs passed
@@ -742,7 +807,8 @@ color.branch::
color.branch.<slot>::
Use customized color for branch coloration. `<slot>` is one of
`current` (the current branch), `local` (a local branch),
- `remote` (a remote-tracking branch in refs/remotes/), `plain` (other
+ `remote` (a remote-tracking branch in refs/remotes/),
+ `upstream` (upstream tracking branch), `plain` (other
refs).
+
The value for these configuration variables is a list of colors (at most
@@ -842,7 +908,7 @@ color.status.<slot>::
one of `header` (the header text of the status message),
`added` or `updated` (files which are added but not committed),
`changed` (files which are changed but not added in the index),
- `untracked` (files which are not tracked by git),
+ `untracked` (files which are not tracked by Git),
`branch` (the current branch), or
`nobranch` (the color the 'no branch' warning is shown in, defaulting
to red). The values of these variables may be specified as in
@@ -856,7 +922,7 @@ color.ui::
to `always` if you want all output not intended for machine
consumption to use color, to `true` or `auto` if you want such
output to use color when written to the terminal, or to `false` or
- `never` if you prefer git commands not to use color unless enabled
+ `never` if you prefer Git commands not to use color unless enabled
explicitly with some other configuration or the `--color` option.
column.ui::
@@ -883,7 +949,7 @@ column.ui::
make equal size columns
--
+
- This option defaults to 'never'.
+This option defaults to 'never'.
column.branch::
Specify whether to output branch listing in `git branch` in columns.
@@ -897,6 +963,15 @@ column.tag::
Specify whether to output tag listing in `git tag` in columns.
See `column.ui` for details.
+commit.cleanup::
+ This setting overrides the default of the `--cleanup` option in
+ `git commit`. See linkgit:git-commit[1] for details. Changing the
+ default can be useful when you always want to keep lines that begin
+ with comment character `#` in your log message, in which case you
+ would do `git config commit.cleanup whitespace` (note that you will
+ have to remove the help lines that begin with `#` in the commit log
+ template yourself, if you do this).
+
commit.status::
A boolean to enable/disable inclusion of status information in the
commit message template when using an editor to prepare the commit
@@ -947,12 +1022,6 @@ difftool.<tool>.cmd::
difftool.prompt::
Prompt before each invocation of the diff tool.
-diff.wordRegex::
- A POSIX Extended Regular Expression used to determine what is a "word"
- when performing word-by-word difference calculations. Character
- sequences that match the regular expression are "words", all other
- characters are *ignorable* whitespace.
-
fetch.recurseSubmodules::
This option can be either set to a boolean value or to 'on-demand'.
Setting it to a boolean changes the behavior of fetch and pull to
@@ -970,7 +1039,7 @@ fetch.fsckObjects::
is used instead.
fetch.unpackLimit::
- If the number of objects fetched over the git native
+ If the number of objects fetched over the Git native
transfer is below this
limit, then the objects will be unpacked into loose object
files. However if the number of received objects equals or
@@ -1010,7 +1079,7 @@ format.subjectprefix::
format.signature::
The default for format-patch is to output a signature containing
- the git version number. Use this variable to change that default.
+ the Git version number. Use this variable to change that default.
Set this variable to the empty string ("") to suppress
signature generation.
@@ -1035,11 +1104,16 @@ format.thread::
value disables threading.
format.signoff::
- A boolean value which lets you enable the `-s/--signoff` option of
- format-patch by default. *Note:* Adding the Signed-off-by: line to a
- patch should be a conscious act and means that you certify you have
- the rights to submit this work under the same open source license.
- Please see the 'SubmittingPatches' document for further discussion.
+ A boolean value which lets you enable the `-s/--signoff` option of
+ format-patch by default. *Note:* Adding the Signed-off-by: line to a
+ patch should be a conscious act and means that you certify you have
+ the rights to submit this work under the same open source license.
+ Please see the 'SubmittingPatches' document for further discussion.
+
+format.coverLetter::
+ A boolean that controls whether to generate a cover-letter when
+ format-patch is invoked, but in addition can be set to "auto", to
+ generate a cover-letter only when there's more than one patch.
filter.<driver>.clean::
The command which is used to convert the content of a worktree
@@ -1123,7 +1197,7 @@ gitcvs.logfile::
gitcvs.usecrlfattr::
If true, the server will look up the end-of-line conversion
attributes for files to determine the '-k' modes to use. If
- the attributes force git to treat a file as text,
+ the attributes force Git to treat a file as text,
the '-k' mode will be left blank so CVS clients will
treat it as text. If they suppress text conversion, the file
will be set with '-kb' mode, which suppresses any newline munging
@@ -1143,7 +1217,7 @@ gitcvs.allbinary::
gitcvs.dbname::
Database used by git-cvsserver to cache revision information
- derived from the git repository. The exact meaning depends on the
+ derived from the Git repository. The exact meaning depends on the
used database driver, for SQLite (which is the default driver) this
is a filename. Supports variable substitution (see
linkgit:git-cvsserver[1] for details). May not contain semicolons (`;`).
@@ -1151,7 +1225,7 @@ gitcvs.dbname::
gitcvs.dbdriver::
Used Perl DBI driver. You can specify any available driver
- for this here, but it might not work. git-cvsserver is tested
+ for this here, but it might not work. git-cvsserver is tested
with 'DBD::SQLite', reported to work with 'DBD::Pg', and
reported *not* to work with 'DBD::mysql'. Experimental feature.
May not contain double colons (`:`). Default: 'SQLite'.
@@ -1196,8 +1270,16 @@ gitweb.snapshot::
grep.lineNumber::
If set to true, enable '-n' option by default.
+grep.patternType::
+ Set the default matching behavior. Using a value of 'basic', 'extended',
+ 'fixed', or 'perl' will enable the '--basic-regexp', '--extended-regexp',
+ '--fixed-strings', or '--perl-regexp' option accordingly, while the
+ value 'default' will return to the default matching behavior.
+
grep.extendedRegexp::
- If set to true, enable '--extended-regexp' option by default.
+ If set to true, enable '--extended-regexp' option by default. This
+ option is ignored when the 'grep.patternType' option is set to a value
+ other than 'default'.
gpg.program::
Use this custom program instead of "gpg" found on $PATH when
@@ -1333,6 +1415,12 @@ help.autocorrect::
value is 0 - the command will be just shown but not executed.
This is the default.
+help.htmlpath::
+ Specify the path where the HTML documentation resides. File system paths
+ and URLs are supported. HTML pages will be prefixed with this path when
+ help is displayed in the 'web' format. This defaults to the documentation
+ path of your Git installation.
+
http.proxy::
Override the HTTP proxy, normally configured using the 'http_proxy',
'https_proxy', and 'all_proxy' environment variables (see
@@ -1341,7 +1429,7 @@ http.proxy::
http.cookiefile::
File containing previously stored cookie lines which should be used
- in the git http session, if they match the server. The file format
+ in the Git http session, if they match the server. The file format
of the file to read cookies from should be plain HTTP headers or
the Netscape/Mozilla cookie file format (see linkgit:curl[1]).
NOTE that the file specified with http.cookiefile is only used as
@@ -1363,7 +1451,7 @@ http.sslKey::
variable.
http.sslCertPasswordProtected::
- Enable git's password prompt for the SSL certificate. Otherwise
+ Enable Git's password prompt for the SSL certificate. Otherwise
OpenSSL will prompt the user, possibly many times, if the
certificate or private key is encrypted. Can be overridden by the
'GIT_SSL_CERT_PASSWORD_PROTECTED' environment variable.
@@ -1378,6 +1466,14 @@ http.sslCAPath::
with when fetching or pushing over HTTPS. Can be overridden
by the 'GIT_SSL_CAPATH' environment variable.
+http.sslTry::
+ Attempt to use AUTH SSL/TLS and encrypted data transfers
+ when connecting via regular FTP protocol. This might be needed
+ if the FTP server requires it for security reasons or you wish
+ to connect securely whenever remote FTP server supports it.
+ Default is false since it might trigger certificate verification
+ errors on misconfigured servers.
+
http.maxRequests::
How many HTTP requests to launch in parallel. Can be overridden
by the 'GIT_HTTP_MAX_REQUESTS' environment variable. Default is 5.
@@ -1410,7 +1506,7 @@ http.noEPSV::
http.useragent::
The HTTP USER_AGENT string presented to an HTTP server. The default
- value represents the version of the client git such as git/1.7.1.
+ value represents the version of the client Git such as git/1.7.1.
This option allows you to override this value to a more common value
such as Mozilla/4.0. This may be necessary, for instance, if
connecting through a firewall that restricts HTTP connections to a set
@@ -1418,7 +1514,7 @@ http.useragent::
Can be overridden by the 'GIT_HTTP_USER_AGENT' environment variable.
i18n.commitEncoding::
- Character encoding the commit messages are stored in; git itself
+ Character encoding the commit messages are stored in; Git itself
does not care per se, but this information is necessary e.g. when
importing commits from emails or in the gitk graphical history
browser (and possibly at other places in the future or in other
@@ -1491,6 +1587,10 @@ log.showroot::
Tools like linkgit:git-log[1] or linkgit:git-whatchanged[1], which
normally hide the root commit will now show it. True by default.
+log.mailmap::
+ If true, makes linkgit:git-log[1], linkgit:git-show[1], and
+ linkgit:git-whatchanged[1] assume `--use-mailmap`.
+
mailmap.file::
The location of an augmenting mailmap file. The default
mailmap, located in the root of the repository, is loaded
@@ -1499,6 +1599,14 @@ mailmap.file::
subdirectory, or somewhere outside of the repository itself.
See linkgit:git-shortlog[1] and linkgit:git-blame[1].
+mailmap.blob::
+ Like `mailmap.file`, but consider the value as a reference to a
+ blob in the repository. If both `mailmap.file` and
+ `mailmap.blob` are given, both are parsed, with entries from
+ `mailmap.file` taking precedence. In a bare repository, this
+ defaults to `HEAD:.mailmap`. In a non-bare repository, it
+ defaults to empty.
+
man.viewer::
Specify the programs that may be used to display help in the
'man' format. See linkgit:git-help[1].
@@ -1544,7 +1652,7 @@ mergetool.keepBackup::
`true` (i.e. keep the backup files).
mergetool.keepTemporaries::
- When invoking a custom merge tool, git uses a set of temporary
+ When invoking a custom merge tool, Git uses a set of temporary
files to pass to the tool. If the tool returns an error and this
variable is set to `true`, then these temporary files will be
preserved, otherwise they will be removed after the tool has
@@ -1572,7 +1680,7 @@ displayed.
notes.rewrite.<command>::
When rewriting commits with <command> (currently `amend` or
- `rebase`) and this variable is set to `true`, git
+ `rebase`) and this variable is set to `true`, Git
automatically copies your notes from the original to the
rewritten commit. Defaults to `true`, but see
"notes.rewriteRef" below.
@@ -1652,7 +1760,7 @@ pack.threads::
warning. This is meant to reduce packing time on multiprocessor
machines. The required amount of memory for the delta search window
is however multiplied by the number of threads.
- Specifying 0 will cause git to auto-detect the number of CPU's
+ Specifying 0 will cause Git to auto-detect the number of CPU's
and set the number of threads accordingly.
pack.indexVersion::
@@ -1664,11 +1772,11 @@ pack.indexVersion::
and this config option ignored whenever the corresponding pack is
larger than 2 GB.
+
-If you have an old git that does not understand the version 2 `*.idx` file,
+If you have an old Git that does not understand the version 2 `*.idx` file,
cloning or fetching over a non native protocol (e.g. "http" and "rsync")
that will copy both `*.pack` file and corresponding `*.idx` file from the
other side may give you a repository that cannot be accessed with your
-older version of git. If the `*.pack` file is smaller than 2 GB, however,
+older version of Git. If the `*.pack` file is smaller than 2 GB, however,
you can use linkgit:git-index-pack[1] on the *.pack file to regenerate
the `*.idx` file.
@@ -1683,7 +1791,7 @@ pack.packSizeLimit::
pager.<cmd>::
If the value is boolean, turns on or off pagination of the
- output of a particular git subcommand when writing to a tty.
+ output of a particular Git subcommand when writing to a tty.
Otherwise, turns on pagination for the subcommand using the
pager specified by the value of `pager.<cmd>`. If `--paginate`
or `--no-pager` is specified on the command line, it takes
@@ -1718,11 +1826,12 @@ pull.twohead::
The default merge strategy to use when pulling a single branch.
push.default::
- Defines the action git push should take if no refspec is given
+ Defines the action `git push` should take if no refspec is given
on the command line, no refspec is configured in the remote, and
no refspec is implied by any of the options given on the command
line. Possible values are:
+
+--
* `nothing` - do not push anything.
* `matching` - push all branches having the same name in both ends.
This is for those who prepare all the branches into a publishable
@@ -1733,7 +1842,8 @@ push.default::
+
This is currently the default, but Git 2.0 will change the default
to `simple`.
-* `upstream` - push the current branch to its upstream branch.
+* `upstream` - push the current branch to its upstream branch
+ (`tracking` is a deprecated synonym for this).
With this, `git push` will update the same remote ref as the one which
is merged by `git pull`, making `push` and `pull` symmetrical.
See "branch.<name>.merge" for how to configure the upstream branch.
@@ -1742,12 +1852,13 @@ push.default::
option and is well-suited for beginners. It will become the default
in Git 2.0.
* `current` - push the current branch to a branch of the same name.
- +
- The `simple`, `current` and `upstream` modes are for those who want to
- push out a single branch after finishing work, even when the other
- branches are not yet ready to be pushed out. If you are working with
- other people to push into the same shared repository, you would want
- to use one of these.
+--
++
+The `simple`, `current` and `upstream` modes are for those who want to
+push out a single branch after finishing work, even when the other
+branches are not yet ready to be pushed out. If you are working with
+other people to push into the same shared repository, you would want
+to use one of these.
rebase.stat::
Whether to show a diffstat of what changed upstream since the last
@@ -1801,10 +1912,24 @@ receive.denyNonFastForwards::
even if that push is forced. This configuration variable is
set when initializing a shared repository.
+receive.hiderefs::
+ String(s) `receive-pack` uses to decide which refs to omit
+ from its initial advertisement. Use more than one
+ definitions to specify multiple prefix strings. A ref that
+ are under the hierarchies listed on the value of this
+ variable is excluded, and is hidden when responding to `git
+ push`, and an attempt to update or delete a hidden ref by
+ `git push` is rejected.
+
receive.updateserverinfo::
If set to true, git-receive-pack will run git-update-server-info
after receiving data from git-push and updating refs.
+remote.pushdefault::
+ The remote to push to by default. Overrides
+ `branch.<name>.remote` for all branches, and is overridden by
+ `branch.<name>.pushremote` for specific branches.
+
remote.<name>.url::
The URL of a remote repository. See linkgit:git-fetch[1] or
linkgit:git-push[1].
@@ -1856,7 +1981,7 @@ remote.<name>.tagopt::
linkgit:git-fetch[1].
remote.<name>.vcs::
- Setting this to a value <vcs> will cause git to interact with
+ Setting this to a value <vcs> will cause Git to interact with
the remote with the git-remote-<vcs> helper.
remotes.<group>::
@@ -1866,9 +1991,9 @@ remotes.<group>::
repack.usedeltabaseoffset::
By default, linkgit:git-repack[1] creates packs that use
delta-base offset. If you need to share your repository with
- git older than version 1.4.4, either directly or via a dumb
+ Git older than version 1.4.4, either directly or via a dumb
protocol such as http, then you need to set this option to
- "false" and repack. Access from old git versions over the
+ "false" and repack. Access from old Git versions over the
native protocol are unaffected by this option.
rerere.autoupdate::
@@ -1905,6 +2030,7 @@ sendemail.<identity>.*::
sendemail.aliasesfile::
sendemail.aliasfiletype::
+sendemail.annotate::
sendemail.bcc::
sendemail.cc::
sendemail.cccmd::
@@ -1937,7 +2063,7 @@ showbranch.default::
status.relativePaths::
By default, linkgit:git-status[1] shows paths relative to the
current directory. Setting this variable to `false` shows paths
- relative to the repository root (this was the default for git
+ relative to the repository root (this was the default for Git
prior to v1.5.4).
status.showUntrackedFiles::
@@ -1975,6 +2101,12 @@ submodule.<name>.update::
URL and other values found in the `.gitmodules` file. See
linkgit:git-submodule[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5] for details.
+submodule.<name>.branch::
+ The remote branch name for a submodule, used by `git submodule
+ update --remote`. Set this option to override the value found in
+ the `.gitmodules` file. See linkgit:git-submodule[1] and
+ linkgit:gitmodules[5] for details.
+
submodule.<name>.fetchRecurseSubmodules::
This option can be used to control recursive fetching of this
submodule. It can be overridden by using the --[no-]recurse-submodules
@@ -2007,18 +2139,38 @@ transfer.fsckObjects::
not set, the value of this variable is used instead.
Defaults to false.
+transfer.hiderefs::
+ This variable can be used to set both `receive.hiderefs`
+ and `uploadpack.hiderefs` at the same time to the same
+ values. See entries for these other variables.
+
transfer.unpackLimit::
When `fetch.unpackLimit` or `receive.unpackLimit` are
not set, the value of this variable is used instead.
The default value is 100.
+uploadpack.hiderefs::
+ String(s) `upload-pack` uses to decide which refs to omit
+ from its initial advertisement. Use more than one
+ definitions to specify multiple prefix strings. A ref that
+ are under the hierarchies listed on the value of this
+ variable is excluded, and is hidden from `git ls-remote`,
+ `git fetch`, etc. An attempt to fetch a hidden ref by `git
+ fetch` will fail. See also `uploadpack.allowtipsha1inwant`.
+
+uploadpack.allowtipsha1inwant::
+ When `uploadpack.hiderefs` is in effect, allow `upload-pack`
+ to accept a fetch request that asks for an object at the tip
+ of a hidden ref (by default, such a request is rejected).
+ see also `uploadpack.hiderefs`.
+
url.<base>.insteadOf::
Any URL that starts with this value will be rewritten to
start, instead, with <base>. In cases where some site serves a
large number of repositories, and serves them with multiple
access methods, and some users need to use different access
methods, this feature allows people to specify any of the
- equivalent URLs and have git automatically rewrite the URL to
+ equivalent URLs and have Git automatically rewrite the URL to
the best alternative for the particular user, even for a
never-before-seen repository on the site. When more than one
insteadOf strings match a given URL, the longest match is used.
@@ -2029,11 +2181,11 @@ url.<base>.pushInsteadOf::
resulting URL will be pushed to. In cases where some site serves
a large number of repositories, and serves them with multiple
access methods, some of which do not allow push, this feature
- allows people to specify a pull-only URL and have git
+ allows people to specify a pull-only URL and have Git
automatically use an appropriate URL to push, even for a
never-before-seen repository on the site. When more than one
pushInsteadOf strings match a given URL, the longest match is
- used. If a remote has an explicit pushurl, git will ignore this
+ used. If a remote has an explicit pushurl, Git will ignore this
setting for that remote.
user.email::
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-config.txt b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
index 67a90a8..ac77050 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-config.txt
@@ -56,6 +56,10 @@ diff.statGraphWidth::
Limit the width of the graph part in --stat output. If set, applies
to all commands generating --stat output except format-patch.
+diff.context::
+ Generate diffs with <n> lines of context instead of the default
+ of 3. This value is overridden by the -U option.
+
diff.external::
If this config variable is set, diff generation is not
performed using the internal diff machinery, but using the
@@ -95,7 +99,7 @@ diff.renameLimit::
detection; equivalent to the 'git diff' option '-l'.
diff.renames::
- Tells git to detect renames. If set to any boolean value, it
+ Tells Git to detect renames. If set to any boolean value, it
will enable basic rename detection. If set to "copies" or
"copy", it will detect copies, as well.
@@ -103,6 +107,19 @@ diff.suppressBlankEmpty::
A boolean to inhibit the standard behavior of printing a space
before each empty output line. Defaults to false.
+diff.submodule::
+ Specify the format in which differences in submodules are
+ shown. The "log" format lists the commits in the range like
+ linkgit:git-submodule[1] `summary` does. The "short" format
+ format just shows the names of the commits at the beginning
+ and end of the range. Defaults to short.
+
+diff.wordRegex::
+ A POSIX Extended Regular Expression used to determine what is a "word"
+ when performing word-by-word difference calculations. Character
+ sequences that match the regular expression are "words", all other
+ characters are *ignorable* whitespace.
+
diff.<driver>.command::
The custom diff driver command. See linkgit:gitattributes[5]
for details.
@@ -132,9 +149,27 @@ diff.<driver>.cachetextconv::
conversion outputs. See linkgit:gitattributes[5] for details.
diff.tool::
- The diff tool to be used by linkgit:git-difftool[1]. This
- option overrides `merge.tool`, and has the same valid built-in
- values as `merge.tool` minus "tortoisemerge" and plus
- "kompare". Any other value is treated as a custom diff tool,
- and there must be a corresponding `difftool.<tool>.cmd`
- option.
+ Controls which diff tool is used by linkgit:git-difftool[1].
+ This variable overrides the value configured in `merge.tool`.
+ The list below shows the valid built-in values.
+ Any other value is treated as a custom diff tool and requires
+ that a corresponding difftool.<tool>.cmd variable is defined.
+
+include::mergetools-diff.txt[]
+
+diff.algorithm::
+ Choose a diff algorithm. The variants are as follows:
++
+--
+`default`, `myers`;;
+ The basic greedy diff algorithm. Currently, this is the default.
+`minimal`;;
+ Spend extra time to make sure the smallest possible diff is
+ produced.
+`patience`;;
+ Use "patience diff" algorithm when generating patches.
+`histogram`;;
+ This algorithm extends the patience algorithm to "support
+ low-occurrence common elements".
+--
++
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
index cf4b216..104579d 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
@@ -55,6 +55,26 @@ endif::git-format-patch[]
--histogram::
Generate a diff using the "histogram diff" algorithm.
+--diff-algorithm={patience|minimal|histogram|myers}::
+ Choose a diff algorithm. The variants are as follows:
++
+--
+`default`, `myers`;;
+ The basic greedy diff algorithm. Currently, this is the default.
+`minimal`;;
+ Spend extra time to make sure the smallest possible diff is
+ produced.
+`patience`;;
+ Use "patience diff" algorithm when generating patches.
+`histogram`;;
+ This algorithm extends the patience algorithm to "support
+ low-occurrence common elements".
+--
++
+For instance, if you configured diff.algorithm variable to a
+non-default value and want to use the default one, then you
+have to use `--diff-algorithm=default` option.
+
--stat[=<width>[,<name-width>[,<count>]]]::
Generate a diffstat. By default, as much space as necessary
will be used for the filename part, and the rest for the graph
@@ -170,12 +190,13 @@ any of those replacements occurred.
the commits in the range like linkgit:git-submodule[1] `summary` does.
Omitting the `--submodule` option or specifying `--submodule=short`,
uses the 'short' format. This format just shows the names of the commits
- at the beginning and end of the range.
+ at the beginning and end of the range. Can be tweaked via the
+ `diff.submodule` configuration variable.
--color[=<when>]::
Show colored diff.
- The value must be `always` (the default for `<when>`), `never`, or `auto`.
- The default value is `never`.
+ `--color` (i.e. without '=<when>') is the same as `--color=always`.
+ '<when>' can be one of `always`, `never`, or `auto`.
ifdef::git-diff[]
It can be changed by the `color.ui` and `color.diff`
configuration settings.
@@ -282,7 +303,7 @@ few lines that happen to match textually as the context, but as a
single deletion of everything old followed by a single insertion of
everything new, and the number `m` controls this aspect of the -B
option (defaults to 60%). `-B/70%` specifies that less than 30% of the
-original should remain in the result for git to consider it a total
+original should remain in the result for Git to consider it a total
rewrite (i.e. otherwise the resulting patch will be a series of
deletion and insertion mixed together with context lines).
+
@@ -306,9 +327,13 @@ ifdef::git-log[]
endif::git-log[]
If `n` is specified, it is a threshold on the similarity
index (i.e. amount of addition/deletions compared to the
- file's size). For example, `-M90%` means git should consider a
+ file's size). For example, `-M90%` means Git should consider a
delete/add pair to be a rename if more than 90% of the file
- hasn't changed.
+ hasn't changed. Without a `%` sign, the number is to be read as
+ a fraction, with a decimal point before it. I.e., `-M5` becomes
+ 0.5, and is thus the same as `-M50%`. Similarly, `-M05` is
+ the same as `-M5%`. To limit detection to exact renames, use
+ `-M100%`.
-C[<n>]::
--find-copies[=<n>]::
diff --git a/Documentation/everyday.txt b/Documentation/everyday.txt
index 048337b..e1fba85 100644
--- a/Documentation/everyday.txt
+++ b/Documentation/everyday.txt
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-Everyday GIT With 20 Commands Or So
+Everyday Git With 20 Commands Or So
===================================
<<Individual Developer (Standalone)>> commands are essential for
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ commands in addition to the above.
<<Repository Administration>> commands are for system
administrators who are responsible for the care and feeding
-of git repositories.
+of Git repositories.
Individual Developer (Standalone)[[Individual Developer (Standalone)]]
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ $ git log v2.43.. curses/ <12>
+
<1> create a new topic branch.
<2> revert your botched changes in `curses/ux_audio_oss.c`.
-<3> you need to tell git if you added a new file; removal and
+<3> you need to tell Git if you added a new file; removal and
modification will be caught if you do `git commit -a` later.
<4> to see what changes you are committing.
<5> commit everything as you have tested, with your sign-off.
@@ -229,7 +229,7 @@ commands in addition to the ones needed by participants.
Examples
~~~~~~~~
-My typical GIT day.::
+My typical Git day.::
+
------------
$ git status <1>
@@ -332,7 +332,7 @@ Run git-daemon to serve /pub/scm from xinetd.::
------------
$ cat /etc/xinetd.d/git-daemon
# default: off
-# description: The git server offers access to git repositories
+# description: The Git server offers access to Git repositories
service git
{
disable = no
diff --git a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
index 39d326a..9cb6496 100644
--- a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
@@ -8,9 +8,14 @@
option old data in `.git/FETCH_HEAD` will be overwritten.
--depth=<depth>::
- Deepen the history of a 'shallow' repository created by
+ Deepen or shorten the history of a 'shallow' repository created by
`git clone` with `--depth=<depth>` option (see linkgit:git-clone[1])
- by the specified number of commits.
+ to the specified number of commits from the tip of each remote
+ branch history. Tags for the deepened commits are not fetched.
+
+--unshallow::
+ Convert a shallow repository to a complete one, removing all
+ the limitations imposed by shallow repositories.
ifndef::git-pull[]
--dry-run::
@@ -56,14 +61,11 @@ endif::git-pull[]
ifndef::git-pull[]
-t::
--tags::
- Most of the tags are fetched automatically as branch
- heads are downloaded, but tags that do not point at
- objects reachable from the branch heads that are being
- tracked will not be fetched by this mechanism. This
- flag lets all tags and their associated objects be
- downloaded. The default behavior for a remote may be
- specified with the remote.<name>.tagopt setting. See
- linkgit:git-config[1].
+ This is a short-hand for giving "refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*"
+ refspec from the command line, to ask all tags to be fetched
+ and stored locally. Because this acts as an explicit
+ refspec, the default refspecs (configured with the
+ remote.$name.fetch variable) are overridden and not used.
--recurse-submodules[=yes|on-demand|no]::
This option controls if and under what conditions new commits of
diff --git a/Documentation/git-add.txt b/Documentation/git-add.txt
index 9c1d395..48754cb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-add.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-add.txt
@@ -9,9 +9,9 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git add' [-n] [-v] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
- [--edit | -e] [--all | [--update | -u]] [--intent-to-add | -N]
- [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--ignore-missing] [--]
- [<filepattern>...]
+ [--edit | -e] [--[no-]all | --[no-]ignore-removal | [--update | -u]]
+ [--intent-to-add | -N] [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--ignore-missing]
+ [--] [<pathspec>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ commit.
OPTIONS
-------
-<filepattern>...::
+<pathspec>...::
Files to add content from. Fileglobs (e.g. `*.c`) can
be given to add all matching files. Also a
leading directory name (e.g. `dir` to add `dir/file1`
@@ -100,23 +100,40 @@ apply to the index. See EDITING PATCHES below.
-u::
--update::
- Only match <filepattern> against already tracked files in
- the index rather than the working tree. That means that it
- will never stage new files, but that it will stage modified
- new contents of tracked files and that it will remove files
- from the index if the corresponding files in the working tree
- have been removed.
+ Update the index just where it already has an entry matching
+ <pathspec>. This removes as well as modifies index entries to
+ match the working tree, but adds no new files.
+
-If no <filepattern> is given, default to "."; in other words,
-update all tracked files in the current directory and its
-subdirectories.
+If no <pathspec> is given, the current version of Git defaults to
+"."; in other words, update all tracked files in the current directory
+and its subdirectories. This default will change in a future version
+of Git, hence the form without <pathspec> should not be used.
-A::
--all::
- Like `-u`, but match <filepattern> against files in the
- working tree in addition to the index. That means that it
- will find new files as well as staging modified content and
- removing files that are no longer in the working tree.
+--no-ignore-removal::
+ Update the index not only where the working tree has a file
+ matching <pathspec> but also where the index already has an
+ entry. This adds, modifies, and removes index entries to
+ match the working tree.
++
+If no <pathspec> is given, the current version of Git defaults to
+"."; in other words, update all files in the current directory
+and its subdirectories. This default will change in a future version
+of Git, hence the form without <pathspec> should not be used.
+
+--no-all::
+--ignore-removal::
+ Update the index by adding new files that are unknown to the
+ index and files modified in the working tree, but ignore
+ files that have been removed from the working tree. This
+ option is a no-op when no <pathspec> is used.
++
+This option is primarily to help the current users of Git, whose
+"git add <pathspec>..." ignores removed files. In future versions
+of Git, "git add <pathspec>..." will be a synonym to "git add -A
+<pathspec>..." and "git add --ignore-removal <pathspec>..." will behave like
+today's "git add <pathspec>...", ignoring removed files.
-N::
--intent-to-add::
@@ -155,7 +172,7 @@ Configuration
The optional configuration variable `core.excludesfile` indicates a path to a
file containing patterns of file names to exclude from git-add, similar to
$GIT_DIR/info/exclude. Patterns in the exclude file are used in addition to
-those in info/exclude. See linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5].
+those in info/exclude. See linkgit:gitignore[5].
EXAMPLES
diff --git a/Documentation/git-am.txt b/Documentation/git-am.txt
index 19d57a8..5bbe7b6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-am.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-am.txt
@@ -9,12 +9,12 @@ git-am - Apply a series of patches from a mailbox
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git am' [--signoff] [--keep] [--keep-cr | --no-keep-cr] [--utf8 | --no-utf8]
+'git am' [--signoff] [--keep] [--[no-]keep-cr] [--[no-]utf8]
[--3way] [--interactive] [--committer-date-is-author-date]
[--ignore-date] [--ignore-space-change | --ignore-whitespace]
[--whitespace=<option>] [-C<n>] [-p<n>] [--directory=<dir>]
[--exclude=<path>] [--include=<path>] [--reject] [-q | --quiet]
- [--scissors | --no-scissors]
+ [--[no-]scissors]
[(<mbox> | <Maildir>)...]
'git am' (--continue | --skip | --abort)
@@ -43,8 +43,7 @@ OPTIONS
--keep-non-patch::
Pass `-b` flag to 'git mailinfo' (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
---keep-cr::
---no-keep-cr::
+--[no-]keep-cr::
With `--keep-cr`, call 'git mailsplit' (see linkgit:git-mailsplit[1])
with the same option, to prevent it from stripping CR at the end of
lines. `am.keepcr` configuration variable can be used to specify the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-apply.txt b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
index afd2c9a..f605327 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-apply.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-apply - Apply a patch to files and/or to the index
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git apply' [--stat] [--numstat] [--summary] [--check] [--index]
+'git apply' [--stat] [--numstat] [--summary] [--check] [--index] [--3way]
[--apply] [--no-add] [--build-fake-ancestor=<file>] [-R | --reverse]
[--allow-binary-replacement | --binary] [--reject] [-z]
[-p<n>] [-C<n>] [--inaccurate-eof] [--recount] [--cached]
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ Reads the supplied diff output (i.e. "a patch") and applies it to files.
With the `--index` option the patch is also applied to the index, and
with the `--cached` option the patch is only applied to the index.
Without these options, the command applies the patch only to files,
-and does not require them to be in a git repository.
+and does not require them to be in a Git repository.
This command applies the patch but does not create a commit. Use
linkgit:git-am[1] to create commits from patches generated by
@@ -72,6 +72,15 @@ OPTIONS
cached data, apply the patch, and store the result in the index
without using the working tree. This implies `--index`.
+-3::
+--3way::
+ When the patch does not apply cleanly, fall back on 3-way merge if
+ the patch records the identity of blobs it is supposed to apply to,
+ and we have those blobs available locally, possibly leaving the
+ conflict markers in the files in the working tree for the user to
+ resolve. This option implies the `--index` option, and is incompatible
+ with the `--reject` and the `--cached` options.
+
--build-fake-ancestor=<file>::
Newer 'git diff' output has embedded 'index information'
for each blob to help identify the original version that
@@ -189,7 +198,7 @@ behavior:
* `fix` outputs warnings for a few such errors, and applies the
patch after fixing them (`strip` is a synonym --- the tool
used to consider only trailing whitespace characters as errors, and the
- fix involved 'stripping' them, but modern gits do more).
+ fix involved 'stripping' them, but modern Gits do more).
* `error` outputs warnings for a few such errors, and refuses
to apply the patch.
* `error-all` is similar to `error` but shows all errors.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-archimport.txt b/Documentation/git-archimport.txt
index f4504ba..163b9f6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-archimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-archimport.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-archimport(1)
NAME
----
-git-archimport - Import an Arch repository into git
+git-archimport - Import an Arch repository into Git
SYNOPSIS
@@ -40,13 +40,13 @@ directory. To follow the development of a project that uses Arch, rerun
incremental imports.
While 'git archimport' will try to create sensible branch names for the
-archives that it imports, it is also possible to specify git branch names
-manually. To do so, write a git branch name after each <archive/branch>
+archives that it imports, it is also possible to specify Git branch names
+manually. To do so, write a Git branch name after each <archive/branch>
parameter, separated by a colon. This way, you can shorten the Arch
-branch names and convert Arch jargon to git jargon, for example mapping a
+branch names and convert Arch jargon to Git jargon, for example mapping a
"PROJECT{litdd}devo{litdd}VERSION" branch to "master".
-Associating multiple Arch branches to one git branch is possible; the
+Associating multiple Arch branches to one Git branch is possible; the
result will make the most sense only if no commits are made to the first
branch, after the second branch is created. Still, this is useful to
convert Arch repositories that had been rotated periodically.
@@ -54,14 +54,14 @@ convert Arch repositories that had been rotated periodically.
MERGES
------
-Patch merge data from Arch is used to mark merges in git as well. git
+Patch merge data from Arch is used to mark merges in Git as well. Git
does not care much about tracking patches, and only considers a merge when a
branch incorporates all the commits since the point they forked. The end result
-is that git will have a good idea of how far branches have diverged. So the
+is that Git will have a good idea of how far branches have diverged. So the
import process does lose some patch-trading metadata.
Fortunately, when you try and merge branches imported from Arch,
-git will find a good merge base, and it has a good chance of identifying
+Git will find a good merge base, and it has a good chance of identifying
patches that have been traded out-of-sequence between the branches.
OPTIONS
diff --git a/Documentation/git-archive.txt b/Documentation/git-archive.txt
index 59d73e5..b97aaab 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-archive.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-archive.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git archive' [--format=<fmt>] [--list] [--prefix=<prefix>/] [<extra>]
- [-o | --output=<file>] [--worktree-attributes]
+ [-o <file> | --output=<file>] [--worktree-attributes]
[--remote=<repo> [--exec=<git-upload-archive>]] <tree-ish>
[<path>...]
@@ -56,7 +56,8 @@ OPTIONS
Write the archive to <file> instead of stdout.
--worktree-attributes::
- Look for attributes in .gitattributes in working directory too.
+ Look for attributes in .gitattributes files in the working tree
+ as well (see <<ATTRIBUTES>>).
<extra>::
This can be any options that the archiver backend understands.
@@ -120,6 +121,7 @@ tar.<format>.remote::
user-defined formats, but true for the "tar.gz" and "tgz"
formats.
+[[ATTRIBUTES]]
ATTRIBUTES
----------
@@ -128,7 +130,7 @@ export-ignore::
added to archive files. See linkgit:gitattributes[5] for details.
export-subst::
- If the attribute export-subst is set for a file then git will
+ If the attribute export-subst is set for a file then Git will
expand several placeholders when adding this file to an archive.
See linkgit:gitattributes[5] for details.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
index 8a2ba37..0eed3e3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
@@ -224,7 +224,7 @@ Note that the example that we will use is really a toy example, we
will be looking for the first commit that has a version like
"2.6.26-something", that is the commit that has a "SUBLEVEL = 26" line
in the top level Makefile. This is a toy example because there are
-better ways to find this commit with git than using "git bisect" (for
+better ways to find this commit with Git than using "git bisect" (for
example "git blame" or "git log -S<string>").
Driving a bisection manually
@@ -257,7 +257,7 @@ Date: Sat May 3 11:59:44 2008 -0700
Linux 2.6.26-rc1
-:100644 100644 5cf8258195331a4dbdddff08b8d68642638eea57 4492984efc09ab72ff6219a7bc21fb6a957c4cd5 M Makefile
+:100644 100644 5cf82581... 4492984e... M Makefile
-------------
At this point we can see what the commit does, check it out (if it's
@@ -331,7 +331,7 @@ Date: Sat May 3 11:59:44 2008 -0700
Linux 2.6.26-rc1
-:100644 100644 5cf8258195331a4dbdddff08b8d68642638eea57 4492984efc09ab72ff6219a7bc21fb6a957c4cd5 M Makefile
+:100644 100644 5cf82581... 4492984e... M Makefile
bisect run success
-------------
@@ -455,7 +455,7 @@ So only the W and B commits will be kept. Because commits X and Y will
have been removed by rules a) and b) respectively, and because commits
G are removed by rule b) too.
-Note for git users, that it is equivalent as keeping only the commit
+Note for Git users, that it is equivalent as keeping only the commit
given by:
-------------
@@ -710,8 +710,8 @@ Skip algorithm discussed
After step 7) (in the skip algorithm), we could check if the second
commit has been skipped and return it if it is not the case. And in
fact that was the algorithm we used from when "git bisect skip" was
-developed in git version 1.5.4 (released on February 1st 2008) until
-git version 1.6.4 (released July 29th 2009).
+developed in Git version 1.5.4 (released on February 1st 2008) until
+Git version 1.6.4 (released July 29th 2009).
But Ingo Molnar and H. Peter Anvin (another well known linux kernel
developer) both complained that sometimes the best bisection points
@@ -1025,10 +1025,10 @@ And here is what Andreas said about this work-flow <<5>>:
_____________
To give some hard figures, we used to have an average report-to-fix
cycle of 142.6 hours (according to our somewhat weird bug-tracker
-which just measures wall-clock time). Since we moved to git, we've
+which just measures wall-clock time). Since we moved to Git, we've
lowered that to 16.2 hours. Primarily because we can stay on top of
the bug fixing now, and because everyone's jockeying to get to fix
-bugs (we're quite proud of how lazy we are to let git find the bugs
+bugs (we're quite proud of how lazy we are to let Git find the bugs
for us). Each new release results in ~40% fewer bugs (almost certainly
due to how we now feel about writing tests).
_____________
@@ -1228,9 +1228,9 @@ commits in already released history, for example to change the commit
message or the author. And it can also be used instead of git "grafts"
to link a repository with another old repository.
-In fact it's this last feature that "sold" it to the git community, so
-it is now in the "master" branch of git's git repository and it should
-be released in git 1.6.5 in October or November 2009.
+In fact it's this last feature that "sold" it to the Git community, so
+it is now in the "master" branch of Git's Git repository and it should
+be released in Git 1.6.5 in October or November 2009.
One problem with "git replace" is that currently it stores all the
replacements refs in "refs/replace/", but it would be perhaps better
@@ -1324,7 +1324,7 @@ Acknowledgements
----------------
Many thanks to Junio Hamano for his help in reviewing this paper, for
-reviewing the patches I sent to the git mailing list, for discussing
+reviewing the patches I sent to the Git mailing list, for discussing
some ideas and helping me improve them, for improving "git bisect" a
lot and for his awesome work in maintaining and developing Git.
@@ -1337,7 +1337,7 @@ Many thanks to Linus Torvalds for inventing, developing and
evangelizing "git bisect", Git and Linux.
Many thanks to the many other great people who helped one way or
-another when I worked on git, especially to Andreas Ericsson, Johannes
+another when I worked on Git, especially to Andreas Ericsson, Johannes
Schindelin, H. Peter Anvin, Daniel Barkalow, Bill Lear, John Hawley,
Shawn O. Pierce, Jeff King, Sam Vilain, Jon Seymour.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
index e4f46bc..f986c5c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
@@ -83,7 +83,7 @@ Bisect reset
~~~~~~~~~~~~
After a bisect session, to clean up the bisection state and return to
-the original HEAD, issue the following command:
+the original HEAD (i.e., to quit bisecting), issue the following command:
------------------------------------------------
$ git bisect reset
@@ -169,14 +169,14 @@ the revision as good or bad in the usual manner.
Bisect skip
~~~~~~~~~~~~
-Instead of choosing by yourself a nearby commit, you can ask git
+Instead of choosing by yourself a nearby commit, you can ask Git
to do it for you by issuing the command:
------------
$ git bisect skip # Current version cannot be tested
------------
-But git may eventually be unable to tell the first bad commit among
+But Git may eventually be unable to tell the first bad commit among
a bad commit and one or more skipped commits.
You can even skip a range of commits, instead of just one commit,
@@ -284,6 +284,7 @@ EXAMPLES
------------
$ git bisect start HEAD v1.2 -- # HEAD is bad, v1.2 is good
$ git bisect run make # "make" builds the app
+$ git bisect reset # quit the bisect session
------------
* Automatically bisect a test failure between origin and HEAD:
@@ -291,6 +292,7 @@ $ git bisect run make # "make" builds the app
------------
$ git bisect start HEAD origin -- # HEAD is bad, origin is good
$ git bisect run make test # "make test" builds and tests
+$ git bisect reset # quit the bisect session
------------
* Automatically bisect a broken test case:
@@ -302,6 +304,7 @@ make || exit 125 # this skips broken builds
~/check_test_case.sh # does the test case pass?
$ git bisect start HEAD HEAD~10 -- # culprit is among the last 10
$ git bisect run ~/test.sh
+$ git bisect reset # quit the bisect session
------------
+
Here we use a "test.sh" custom script. In this script, if "make"
@@ -351,6 +354,7 @@ use `git cherry-pick` instead of `git merge`.)
------------
$ git bisect start HEAD HEAD~10 -- # culprit is among the last 10
$ git bisect run sh -c "make || exit 125; ~/check_test_case.sh"
+$ git bisect reset # quit the bisect session
------------
+
This shows that you can do without a run script if you write the test
@@ -368,6 +372,7 @@ $ git bisect run sh -c '
rm -f tmp.$$
test $rc = 0'
+$ git bisect reset # quit the bisect session
------------
+
In this case, when 'git bisect run' finishes, bisect/bad will refer to a commit that
diff --git a/Documentation/git-blame.txt b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
index 7ee9236..9a05c2b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-blame.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
@@ -20,11 +20,17 @@ last modified the line. Optionally, start annotating from the given revision.
The command can also limit the range of lines annotated.
+The origin of lines is automatically followed across whole-file
+renames (currently there is no option to turn the rename-following
+off). To follow lines moved from one file to another, or to follow
+lines that were copied and pasted from another file, etc., see the
+`-C` and `-M` options.
+
The report does not tell you anything about lines which have been deleted or
replaced; you need to use a tool such as 'git diff' or the "pickaxe"
interface briefly mentioned in the following paragraph.
-Apart from supporting file annotation, git also supports searching the
+Apart from supporting file annotation, Git also supports searching the
development history for when a code snippet occurred in a change. This makes it
possible to track when a code snippet was added to a file, moved or copied
between files, and eventually deleted or replaced. It works by searching for
diff --git a/Documentation/git-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
index 47235be..b7cb625 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--column[=<options>] | --no-column]
[(--merged | --no-merged | --contains) [<commit>]] [<pattern>...]
'git branch' [--set-upstream | --track | --no-track] [-l] [-f] <branchname> [<start-point>]
+'git branch' (--set-upstream-to=<upstream> | -u <upstream>) [<branchname>]
+'git branch' --unset-upstream [<branchname>]
'git branch' (-m | -M) [<oldbranch>] <newbranch>
'git branch' (-d | -D) [-r] <branchname>...
'git branch' --edit-description [<branchname>]
@@ -20,13 +22,15 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-With no arguments, existing branches are listed and the current branch will
-be highlighted with an asterisk. Option `-r` causes the remote-tracking
-branches to be listed, and option `-a` shows both. This list mode is also
-activated by the `--list` option (see below).
-<pattern> restricts the output to matching branches, the pattern is a shell
-wildcard (i.e., matched using fnmatch(3)).
-Multiple patterns may be given; if any of them matches, the branch is shown.
+If `--list` is given, or if there are no non-option arguments, existing
+branches are listed; the current branch will be highlighted with an
+asterisk. Option `-r` causes the remote-tracking branches to be listed,
+and option `-a` shows both local and remote branches. If a `<pattern>`
+is given, it is used as a shell wildcard to restrict the output to
+matching branches. If multiple patterns are given, a branch is shown if
+it matches any of the patterns. Note that when providing a
+`<pattern>`, you must use `--list`; otherwise the command is interpreted
+as branch creation.
With `--contains`, shows only the branches that contain the named commit
(in other words, the branches whose tip commits are descendants of the
@@ -43,12 +47,12 @@ Note that this will create the new branch, but it will not switch the
working tree to it; use "git checkout <newbranch>" to switch to the
new branch.
-When a local branch is started off a remote-tracking branch, git sets up the
+When a local branch is started off a remote-tracking branch, Git sets up the
branch so that 'git pull' will appropriately merge from
the remote-tracking branch. This behavior may be changed via the global
`branch.autosetupmerge` configuration flag. That setting can be
overridden by using the `--track` and `--no-track` options, and
-changed later using `git branch --set-upstream`.
+changed later using `git branch --set-upstream-to`.
With a `-m` or `-M` option, <oldbranch> will be renamed to <newbranch>.
If <oldbranch> had a corresponding reflog, it is renamed to match
@@ -129,11 +133,13 @@ This option is only applicable in non-verbose mode.
use `git branch --list <pattern>` to list matching branches.
-v::
+-vv::
--verbose::
When in list mode,
show sha1 and commit subject line for each head, along with
relationship to upstream branch (if any). If given twice, print
- the name of the upstream branch, as well.
+ the name of the upstream branch, as well (see also `git remote
+ show <remote>`).
-q::
--quiet::
@@ -173,21 +179,31 @@ start-point is either a local or remote-tracking branch.
like `--track` would when creating the branch, except that where
branch points to is not changed.
+-u <upstream>::
+--set-upstream-to=<upstream>::
+ Set up <branchname>'s tracking information so <upstream> is
+ considered <branchname>'s upstream branch. If no <branchname>
+ is specified, then it defaults to the current branch.
+
+--unset-upstream::
+ Remove the upstream information for <branchname>. If no branch
+ is specified it defaults to the current branch.
+
--edit-description::
Open an editor and edit the text to explain what the branch is
for, to be used by various other commands (e.g. `request-pull`).
--contains [<commit>]::
Only list branches which contain the specified commit (HEAD
- if not specified).
+ if not specified). Implies `--list`.
--merged [<commit>]::
Only list branches whose tips are reachable from the
- specified commit (HEAD if not specified).
+ specified commit (HEAD if not specified). Implies `--list`.
--no-merged [<commit>]::
Only list branches whose tips are not reachable from the
- specified commit (HEAD if not specified).
+ specified commit (HEAD if not specified). Implies `--list`.
<branchname>::
The name of the branch to create or delete.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bundle.txt b/Documentation/git-bundle.txt
index 16a6b0a..0417562 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bundle.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bundle.txt
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ DESCRIPTION
Some workflows require that one or more branches of development on one
machine be replicated on another machine, but the two machines cannot
-be directly connected, and therefore the interactive git protocols (git,
+be directly connected, and therefore the interactive Git protocols (git,
ssh, rsync, http) cannot be used. This command provides support for
'git fetch' and 'git pull' to operate by packaging objects and references
in an archive at the originating machine, then importing those into
@@ -112,13 +112,12 @@ machineA$ git bundle create file.bundle master
machineA$ git tag -f lastR2bundle master
----------------
-Then you transfer file.bundle to the target machine B. If you are creating
-the repository on machine B, then you can clone from the bundle as if it
-were a remote repository instead of creating an empty repository and then
-pulling or fetching objects from the bundle:
+Then you transfer file.bundle to the target machine B. Because this
+bundle does not require any existing object to be extracted, you can
+create a new repository on machine B by cloning from it:
----------------
-machineB$ git clone /home/me/tmp/file.bundle R2
+machineB$ git clone -b master /home/me/tmp/file.bundle R2
----------------
This will define a remote called "origin" in the resulting repository that
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
index 2fb95bb..30d585a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ object type, or '-s' is used to find the object size, or '--textconv' is used
(which implies type "blob").
In the second form, a list of objects (separated by linefeeds) is provided on
-stdin, and the SHA1, type, and size of each object is printed on stdout.
+stdin, and the SHA-1, type, and size of each object is printed on stdout.
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -58,11 +58,11 @@ OPTIONS
to apply the filter to the content recorded in the index at <path>.
--batch::
- Print the SHA1, type, size, and contents of each object provided on
+ Print the SHA-1, type, size, and contents of each object provided on
stdin. May not be combined with any other options or arguments.
--batch-check::
- Print the SHA1, type, and size of each object provided on stdin. May not
+ Print the SHA-1, type, and size of each object provided on stdin. May not
be combined with any other options or arguments.
OUTPUT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
index 98009d1..a49be1b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
@@ -18,14 +18,14 @@ DESCRIPTION
Checks if a given 'refname' is acceptable, and exits with a non-zero
status if it is not.
-A reference is used in git to specify branches and tags. A
+A reference is used in Git to specify branches and tags. A
branch head is stored in the `refs/heads` hierarchy, while
a tag is stored in the `refs/tags` hierarchy of the ref namespace
(typically in `$GIT_DIR/refs/heads` and `$GIT_DIR/refs/tags`
directories or, as entries in file `$GIT_DIR/packed-refs`
if refs are packed by `git gc`).
-git imposes the following rules on how references are named:
+Git imposes the following rules on how references are named:
. They can include slash `/` for hierarchical (directory)
grouping, but no slash-separated component can begin with a
@@ -83,8 +83,7 @@ typed the branch name.
OPTIONS
-------
---allow-onelevel::
---no-allow-onelevel::
+--[no-]allow-onelevel::
Controls whether one-level refnames are accepted (i.e.,
refnames that do not contain multiple `/`-separated
components). The default is `--no-allow-onelevel`.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
index 7958a47..ca118ac 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
@@ -21,18 +21,34 @@ or the specified tree. If no paths are given, 'git checkout' will
also update `HEAD` to set the specified branch as the current
branch.
-'git checkout' [<branch>]::
+'git checkout' <branch>::
+ To prepare for working on <branch>, switch to it by updating
+ the index and the files in the working tree, and by pointing
+ HEAD at the branch. Local modifications to the files in the
+ working tree are kept, so that they can be committed to the
+ <branch>.
++
+If <branch> is not found but there does exist a tracking branch in
+exactly one remote (call it <remote>) with a matching name, treat as
+equivalent to
++
+------------
+$ git checkout -b <branch> --track <remote>/<branch>
+------------
++
+You could omit <branch>, in which case the command degenerates to
+"check out the current branch", which is a glorified no-op with a
+rather expensive side-effects to show only the tracking information,
+if exists, for the current branch.
+
'git checkout' -b|-B <new_branch> [<start point>]::
-'git checkout' [--detach] [<commit>]::
- This form switches branches by updating the index, working
- tree, and HEAD to reflect the specified branch or commit.
-+
-If `-b` is given, a new branch is created as if linkgit:git-branch[1]
-were called and then checked out; in this case you can
-use the `--track` or `--no-track` options, which will be passed to
-'git branch'. As a convenience, `--track` without `-b` implies branch
-creation; see the description of `--track` below.
+ Specifying `-b` causes a new branch to be created as if
+ linkgit:git-branch[1] were called and then checked out. In
+ this case you can use the `--track` or `--no-track` options,
+ which will be passed to 'git branch'. As a convenience,
+ `--track` without `-b` implies branch creation; see the
+ description of `--track` below.
+
If `-B` is given, <new_branch> is created if it doesn't exist; otherwise, it
is reset. This is the transactional equivalent of
@@ -45,6 +61,21 @@ $ git checkout <branch>
that is to say, the branch is not reset/created unless "git checkout" is
successful.
+'git checkout' --detach [<branch>]::
+'git checkout' <commit>::
+
+ Prepare to work on top of <commit>, by detaching HEAD at it
+ (see "DETACHED HEAD" section), and updating the index and the
+ files in the working tree. Local modifications to the files
+ in the working tree are kept, so that the resulting working
+ tree will be the state recorded in the commit plus the local
+ modifications.
++
+Passing `--detach` forces this behavior in the case of a <branch> (without
+the option, giving a branch name to the command would check out the branch,
+instead of detaching HEAD at it), or the current commit,
+if no <branch> is specified.
+
'git checkout' [-p|--patch] [<tree-ish>] [--] <pathspec>...::
When <paths> or `--patch` are given, 'git checkout' does *not*
@@ -100,9 +131,9 @@ entries; instead, unmerged entries are ignored.
"--track" in linkgit:git-branch[1] for details.
+
If no '-b' option is given, the name of the new branch will be
-derived from the remote-tracking branch. If "remotes/" or "refs/remotes/"
-is prefixed it is stripped away, and then the part up to the
-next slash (which would be the nickname of the remote) is removed.
+derived from the remote-tracking branch, by looking at the local part of
+the refspec configured for the corresponding remote, and then stripping
+the initial part up to the "*".
This would tell us to use "hack" as the local branch when branching
off of "origin/hack" (or "remotes/origin/hack", or even
"refs/remotes/origin/hack"). If the given name has no slash, or the above
@@ -149,6 +180,12 @@ branch by running "git rm -rf ." from the top level of the working tree.
Afterwards you will be ready to prepare your new files, repopulating the
working tree, by copying them from elsewhere, extracting a tarball, etc.
+--ignore-skip-worktree-bits::
+ In sparse checkout mode, `git checkout -- <paths>` would
+ update only entries matched by <paths> and sparse patterns
+ in $GIT_DIR/info/sparse-checkout. This option ignores
+ the sparse patterns and adds back any files in <paths>.
+
-m::
--merge::
When switching branches,
@@ -302,7 +339,7 @@ a---b---c---d branch 'master' (refers to commit 'd')
tag 'v2.0' (refers to commit 'b')
------------
-In fact, we can perform all the normal git operations. But, let's look
+In fact, we can perform all the normal Git operations. But, let's look
at what happens when we then checkout master:
------------
@@ -319,7 +356,7 @@ a---b---c---d branch 'master' (refers to commit 'd')
It is important to realize that at this point nothing refers to commit
'f'. Eventually commit 'f' (and by extension commit 'e') will be deleted
-by the routine git garbage collection process, unless we create a reference
+by the routine Git garbage collection process, unless we create a reference
before that happens. If we have not yet moved away from commit 'f',
any of these will create a reference to it:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
index 0e170a5..c205d23 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
@@ -118,6 +118,11 @@ effect to your index in a row.
previous commit are dropped. To force the inclusion of those commits
use `--keep-redundant-commits`.
+--allow-empty-message::
+ By default, cherry-picking a commit with an empty message will fail.
+ This option overrides that behaviour, allowing commits with empty
+ messages to be cherry picked.
+
--keep-redundant-commits::
If a commit being cherry picked duplicates a commit already in the
current history, it will become empty. By default these
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clean.txt b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
index 79fb984..bdc3ab8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clean.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ DESCRIPTION
Cleans the working tree by recursively removing files that are not
under version control, starting from the current directory.
-Normally, only files unknown to git are removed, but if the '-x'
+Normally, only files unknown to Git are removed, but if the '-x'
option is specified, ignored files are also removed. This can, for
example, be useful to remove all build products.
@@ -27,13 +27,13 @@ OPTIONS
-------
-d::
Remove untracked directories in addition to untracked files.
- If an untracked directory is managed by a different git
+ If an untracked directory is managed by a different Git
repository, it is not removed by default. Use -f option twice
if you really want to remove such a directory.
-f::
--force::
- If the git configuration variable clean.requireForce is not set
+ If the Git configuration variable clean.requireForce is not set
to false, 'git clean' will refuse to run unless given -f or -n.
-n::
@@ -60,9 +60,13 @@ OPTIONS
working directory to test a clean build.
-X::
- Remove only files ignored by git. This may be useful to rebuild
+ Remove only files ignored by Git. This may be useful to rebuild
everything from scratch, but keep manually created files.
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+linkgit:gitignore[5]
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clone.txt b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
index 6e22522..a0727d7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clone.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[-o <name>] [-b <name>] [-u <upload-pack>] [--reference <repository>]
[--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
[--depth <depth>] [--[no-]single-branch]
- [--recursive|--recurse-submodules] [--] <repository>
+ [--recursive | --recurse-submodules] [--] <repository>
[<directory>]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -29,7 +29,8 @@ currently active branch.
After the clone, a plain `git fetch` without arguments will update
all the remote-tracking branches, and a `git pull` without
arguments will in addition merge the remote master branch into the
-current master branch, if any.
+current master branch, if any (this is untrue when "--single-branch"
+is given; see below).
This default configuration is achieved by creating references to
the remote branch heads under `refs/remotes/origin` and
@@ -42,17 +43,22 @@ OPTIONS
--local::
-l::
When the repository to clone from is on a local machine,
- this flag bypasses the normal "git aware" transport
+ this flag bypasses the normal "Git aware" transport
mechanism and clones the repository by making a copy of
HEAD and everything under objects and refs directories.
The files under `.git/objects/` directory are hardlinked
- to save space when possible. This is now the default when
- the source repository is specified with `/path/to/repo`
- syntax, so it essentially is a no-op option. To force
- copying instead of hardlinking (which may be desirable
- if you are trying to make a back-up of your repository),
- but still avoid the usual "git aware" transport
- mechanism, `--no-hardlinks` can be used.
+ to save space when possible.
++
+If the repository is specified as a local path (e.g., `/path/to/repo`),
+this is the default, and --local is essentially a no-op. If the
+repository is specified as a URL, then this flag is ignored (and we
+never use the local optimizations). Specifying `--no-local` will
+override the default when `/path/to/repo` is given, using the regular
+Git transport instead.
++
+To force copying instead of hardlinking (which may be desirable if you
+are trying to make a back-up of your repository), but still avoid the
+usual "Git aware" transport mechanism, `--no-hardlinks` can be used.
--no-hardlinks::
Optimize the cloning process from a repository on a
@@ -70,9 +76,9 @@ OPTIONS
*NOTE*: this is a possibly dangerous operation; do *not* use
it unless you understand what it does. If you clone your
repository using this option and then delete branches (or use any
-other git command that makes any existing commit unreferenced) in the
+other Git command that makes any existing commit unreferenced) in the
source repository, some objects may become unreferenced (or dangling).
-These objects may be removed by normal git operations (such as `git commit`)
+These objects may be removed by normal Git operations (such as `git commit`)
which automatically call `git gc --auto`. (See linkgit:git-gc[1].)
If these objects are removed and were referenced by the cloned repository,
then the cloned repository will become corrupt.
@@ -119,7 +125,7 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
No checkout of HEAD is performed after the clone is complete.
--bare::
- Make a 'bare' GIT repository. That is, instead of
+ Make a 'bare' Git repository. That is, instead of
creating `<directory>` and placing the administrative
files in `<directory>/.git`, make the `<directory>`
itself the `$GIT_DIR`. This obviously implies the `-n`
@@ -147,9 +153,10 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
-b <name>::
Instead of pointing the newly created HEAD to the branch pointed
to by the cloned repository's HEAD, point to `<name>` branch
- instead. `--branch` can also take tags and treat them like
- detached HEAD. In a non-bare repository, this is the branch
- that will be checked out.
+ instead. In a non-bare repository, this is the branch that will
+ be checked out.
+ `--branch` can also take tags and detaches the HEAD at that commit
+ in the resulting repository.
--upload-pack <upload-pack>::
-u <upload-pack>::
@@ -181,13 +188,18 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
with a long history, and would want to send in fixes
as patches.
---single-branch::
+--[no-]single-branch::
Clone only the history leading to the tip of a single branch,
either specified by the `--branch` option or the primary
branch remote's `HEAD` points at. When creating a shallow
clone with the `--depth` option, this is the default, unless
`--no-single-branch` is given to fetch the histories near the
tips of all branches.
+ Further fetches into the resulting repository will only update the
+ remote-tracking branch for the branch this option was used for the
+ initial cloning. If the HEAD at the remote did not point at any
+ branch when `--single-branch` clone was made, no remote-tracking
+ branch is created.
--recursive::
--recurse-submodules::
@@ -201,8 +213,8 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
--separate-git-dir=<git dir>::
Instead of placing the cloned repository where it is supposed
to be, place the cloned repository at the specified directory,
- then make a filesytem-agnostic git symbolic link to there.
- The result is git repository can be separated from working
+ then make a filesytem-agnostic Git symbolic link to there.
+ The result is Git repository can be separated from working
tree.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
index 6d5a04c..cafdc96 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,9 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git commit-tree' <tree> [(-p <parent>)...] < changelog
-'git commit-tree' [(-p <parent>)...] [(-m <message>)...] [(-F <file>)...] <tree>
+'git commit-tree' [(-p <parent>)...] [-S[<keyid>]] [(-m <message>)...]
+ [(-F <file>)...] <tree>
+
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -30,7 +32,7 @@ While a tree represents a particular directory state of a working
directory, a commit represents that state in "time", and explains how
to get there.
-Normally a commit would identify a new "HEAD" state, and while git
+Normally a commit would identify a new "HEAD" state, and while Git
doesn't care where you save the note about that state, in practice we
tend to just write the result to the file that is pointed at by
`.git/HEAD`, so that we can always see what the last committed
@@ -52,6 +54,9 @@ OPTIONS
Read the commit log message from the given file. Use `-` to read
from the standard input.
+-S[<keyid>]::
+ GPG-sign commit.
+
Commit Information
------------------
@@ -72,13 +77,13 @@ if set:
GIT_COMMITTER_NAME
GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL
GIT_COMMITTER_DATE
- EMAIL
(nb "<", ">" and "\n"s are stripped)
In case (some of) these environment variables are not set, the information
is taken from the configuration items user.name and user.email, or, if not
-present, system user name and the hostname used for outgoing mail (taken
+present, the environment variable EMAIL, or, if that is not set,
+system user name and the hostname used for outgoing mail (taken
from `/etc/mailname` and falling back to the fully qualified hostname when
that file does not exist).
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
index 4622297..1a7616c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
@@ -12,8 +12,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--dry-run] [(-c | -C | --fixup | --squash) <commit>]
[-F <file> | -m <msg>] [--reset-author] [--allow-empty]
[--allow-empty-message] [--no-verify] [-e] [--author=<author>]
- [--date=<date>] [--cleanup=<mode>] [--status | --no-status]
- [-i | -o] [--] [<file>...]
+ [--date=<date>] [--cleanup=<mode>] [--[no-]status]
+ [-i | -o] [-S[<keyid>]] [--] [<file>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ The content to be added can be specified in several ways:
3. by listing files as arguments to the 'commit' command, in which
case the commit will ignore changes staged in the index, and instead
record the current content of the listed files (which must already
- be known to git);
+ be known to Git);
4. by using the -a switch with the 'commit' command to automatically
"add" changes from all known files (i.e. all files that are already
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ OPTIONS
--all::
Tell the command to automatically stage files that have
been modified and deleted, but new files you have not
- told git about are not affected.
+ told Git about are not affected.
-p::
--patch::
@@ -109,6 +109,10 @@ OPTIONS
format. See linkgit:git-status[1] for details. Implies
`--dry-run`.
+--long::
+ When doing a dry-run, give the output in a the long-format.
+ Implies `--dry-run`.
+
-z::
--null::
When showing `short` or `porcelain` status output, terminate
@@ -133,6 +137,8 @@ OPTIONS
-m <msg>::
--message=<msg>::
Use the given <msg> as the commit message.
+ If multiple `-m` options are given, their values are
+ concatenated as separate paragraphs.
-t <file>::
--template=<file>::
@@ -168,35 +174,48 @@ OPTIONS
linkgit:git-commit-tree[1].
--cleanup=<mode>::
- This option sets how the commit message is cleaned up.
- The '<mode>' can be one of 'verbatim', 'whitespace', 'strip',
- and 'default'. The 'default' mode will strip leading and
- trailing empty lines and #commentary from the commit message
- only if the message is to be edited. Otherwise only whitespace
- removed. The 'verbatim' mode does not change message at all,
- 'whitespace' removes just leading/trailing whitespace lines
- and 'strip' removes both whitespace and commentary.
+ This option determines how the supplied commit message should be
+ cleaned up before committing. The '<mode>' can be `strip`,
+ `whitespace`, `verbatim`, or `default`.
++
+--
+strip::
+ Strip leading and trailing empty lines, trailing whitespace, and
+ #commentary and collapse consecutive empty lines.
+whitespace::
+ Same as `strip` except #commentary is not removed.
+verbatim::
+ Do not change the message at all.
+default::
+ Same as `strip` if the message is to be edited.
+ Otherwise `whitespace`.
+--
++
+The default can be changed by the 'commit.cleanup' configuration
+variable (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
-e::
--edit::
The message taken from file with `-F`, command line with
- `-m`, and from file with `-C` are usually used as the
- commit log message unmodified. This option lets you
+ `-m`, and from commit object with `-C` are usually used as
+ the commit log message unmodified. This option lets you
further edit the message taken from these sources.
---amend::
- Used to amend the tip of the current branch. Prepare the tree
- object you would want to replace the latest commit as usual
- (this includes the usual -i/-o and explicit paths), and the
- commit log editor is seeded with the commit message from the
- tip of the current branch. The commit you create replaces the
- current tip -- if it was a merge, it will have the parents of
- the current tip as parents -- so the current top commit is
- discarded.
-
---no-post-rewrite::
- Bypass the post-rewrite hook.
+--no-edit::
+ Use the selected commit message without launching an editor.
+ For example, `git commit --amend --no-edit` amends a commit
+ without changing its commit message.
+--amend::
+ Replace the tip of the current branch by creating a new
+ commit. The recorded tree is prepared as usual (including
+ the effect of the `-i` and `-o` options and explicit
+ pathspec), and the message from the original commit is used
+ as the starting point, instead of an empty message, when no
+ other message is specified from the command line via options
+ such as `-m`, `-F`, `-c`, etc. The new commit has the same
+ parents and author as the current one (the `--reset-author`
+ option can countermand this).
+
--
It is a rough equivalent for:
@@ -213,6 +232,9 @@ You should understand the implications of rewriting history if you
amend a commit that has already been published. (See the "RECOVERING
FROM UPSTREAM REBASE" section in linkgit:git-rebase[1].)
+--no-post-rewrite::
+ Bypass the post-rewrite hook.
+
-i::
--include::
Before making a commit out of staged contents so far,
@@ -276,6 +298,10 @@ configuration variable documented in linkgit:git-config[1].
commit message template when using an editor to prepare the
default commit message.
+-S[<keyid>]::
+--gpg-sign[=<keyid>]::
+ GPG-sign commit.
+
\--::
Do not interpret any more arguments as options.
@@ -389,8 +415,10 @@ DISCUSSION
Though not required, it's a good idea to begin the commit message
with a single short (less than 50 character) line summarizing the
change, followed by a blank line and then a more thorough description.
-Tools that turn commits into email, for example, use the first line
-on the Subject: line and the rest of the commit in the body.
+The text up to the first blank line in a commit message is treated
+as the commit title, and that title is used throughout Git.
+For example, linkgit:git-format-patch[1] turns a commit into email, and it uses
+the title on the Subject line and the rest of the commit in the body.
include::i18n.txt[]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-config.txt b/Documentation/git-config.txt
index 21b8f61..d88a6fc 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-config.txt
@@ -97,10 +97,11 @@ OPTIONS
--global::
For writing options: write to global ~/.gitconfig file rather than
- the repository .git/config.
+ the repository .git/config, write to $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/config file
+ if this file exists and the ~/.gitconfig file doesn't.
+
-For reading options: read only from global ~/.gitconfig rather than
-from all available files.
+For reading options: read only from global ~/.gitconfig and from
+$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/config rather than from all available files.
+
See also <<FILES>>.
@@ -185,8 +186,7 @@ See also <<FILES>>.
Opens an editor to modify the specified config file; either
'--system', '--global', or repository (default).
---includes::
---no-includes::
+--[no-]includes::
Respect `include.*` directives in config files when looking up
values. Defaults to on.
@@ -194,7 +194,7 @@ See also <<FILES>>.
FILES
-----
-If not set explicitly with '--file', there are three files where
+If not set explicitly with '--file', there are four files where
'git config' will search for configuration options:
$GIT_DIR/config::
@@ -204,6 +204,14 @@ $GIT_DIR/config::
User-specific configuration file. Also called "global"
configuration file.
+$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/config::
+ Second user-specific configuration file. If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is not set
+ or empty, $HOME/.config/git/config will be used. Any single-valued
+ variable set in this file will be overwritten by whatever is in
+ ~/.gitconfig. It is a good idea not to create this file if
+ you sometimes use older versions of Git, as support for this
+ file was added fairly recently.
+
$(prefix)/etc/gitconfig::
System-wide configuration file.
@@ -231,6 +239,10 @@ GIT_CONFIG::
Using the "--global" option forces this to ~/.gitconfig. Using the
"--system" option forces this to $(prefix)/etc/gitconfig.
+GIT_CONFIG_NOSYSTEM::
+ Whether to skip reading settings from the system-wide
+ $(prefix)/etc/gitconfig file. See linkgit:git[1] for details.
+
See also <<FILES>>.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
index 23c80ce..b300e84 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-count-objects - Count unpacked number of objects and their disk consumption
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git count-objects' [-v]
+'git count-objects' [-v] [-H | --human-readable]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -20,11 +20,29 @@ OPTIONS
-------
-v::
--verbose::
- In addition to the number of loose objects and disk
- space consumed, it reports the number of in-pack
- objects, number of packs, disk space consumed by those packs,
- and number of objects that can be removed by running
- `git prune-packed`.
+ Report in more detail:
++
+count: the number of loose objects
++
+size: disk space consumed by loose objects, in KiB (unless -H is specified)
++
+in-pack: the number of in-pack objects
++
+size-pack: disk space consumed by the packs, in KiB (unless -H is specified)
++
+prune-packable: the number of loose objects that are also present in
+the packs. These objects could be pruned using `git prune-packed`.
++
+garbage: the number of files in object database that are not valid
+loose objects nor valid packs
++
+size-garbage: disk space consumed by garbage files, in KiB (unless -H is
+specified)
+
+-H::
+--human-readable::
+
+Print sizes in human readable format
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential-cache--daemon.txt b/Documentation/git-credential-cache--daemon.txt
index 11edc5a..d15db42 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-credential-cache--daemon.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential-cache--daemon.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-credential-cache--daemon(1)
NAME
----
-git-credential-cache--daemon - temporarily store user credentials in memory
+git-credential-cache--daemon - Temporarily store user credentials in memory
SYNOPSIS
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential-cache.txt b/Documentation/git-credential-cache.txt
index f3d09c5..89b7306 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-credential-cache.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential-cache.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-credential-cache(1)
NAME
----
-git-credential-cache - helper to temporarily store passwords in memory
+git-credential-cache - Helper to temporarily store passwords in memory
SYNOPSIS
--------
@@ -14,13 +14,13 @@ git config credential.helper 'cache [options]'
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-This command caches credentials in memory for use by future git
+This command caches credentials in memory for use by future Git
programs. The stored credentials never touch the disk, and are forgotten
after a configurable timeout. The cache is accessible over a Unix
domain socket, restricted to the current user by filesystem permissions.
You probably don't want to invoke this command directly; it is meant to
-be used as a credential helper by other parts of git. See
+be used as a credential helper by other parts of Git. See
linkgit:gitcredentials[7] or `EXAMPLES` below.
OPTIONS
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
index 3109346..8481cae 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential-store.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-credential-store(1)
NAME
----
-git-credential-store - helper to store credentials on disk
+git-credential-store - Helper to store credentials on disk
SYNOPSIS
--------
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ security tradeoff, try linkgit:git-credential-cache[1], or find a helper
that integrates with secure storage provided by your operating system.
This command stores credentials indefinitely on disk for use by future
-git programs.
+Git programs.
You probably don't want to invoke this command directly; it is meant to
be used as a credential helper by other parts of git. See
@@ -63,11 +63,11 @@ stored on its own line as a URL like:
https://user:pass@example.com
------------------------------
-When git needs authentication for a particular URL context,
+When Git needs authentication for a particular URL context,
credential-store will consider that context a pattern to match against
each entry in the credentials file. If the protocol, hostname, and
username (if we already have one) match, then the password is returned
-to git. See the discussion of configuration in linkgit:gitcredentials[7]
+to Git. See the discussion of configuration in linkgit:gitcredentials[7]
for more information.
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential.txt b/Documentation/git-credential.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7da0f13
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,154 @@
+git-credential(1)
+=================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-credential - Retrieve and store user credentials
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+------------------
+git credential <fill|approve|reject>
+------------------
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+Git has an internal interface for storing and retrieving credentials
+from system-specific helpers, as well as prompting the user for
+usernames and passwords. The git-credential command exposes this
+interface to scripts which may want to retrieve, store, or prompt for
+credentials in the same manner as Git. The design of this scriptable
+interface models the internal C API; see
+link:technical/api-credentials.txt[the Git credential API] for more
+background on the concepts.
+
+git-credential takes an "action" option on the command-line (one of
+`fill`, `approve`, or `reject`) and reads a credential description
+on stdin (see <<IOFMT,INPUT/OUTPUT FORMAT>>).
+
+If the action is `fill`, git-credential will attempt to add "username"
+and "password" attributes to the description by reading config files,
+by contacting any configured credential helpers, or by prompting the
+user. The username and password attributes of the credential
+description are then printed to stdout together with the attributes
+already provided.
+
+If the action is `approve`, git-credential will send the description
+to any configured credential helpers, which may store the credential
+for later use.
+
+If the action is `reject`, git-credential will send the description to
+any configured credential helpers, which may erase any stored
+credential matching the description.
+
+If the action is `approve` or `reject`, no output should be emitted.
+
+TYPICAL USE OF GIT CREDENTIAL
+-----------------------------
+
+An application using git-credential will typically use `git
+credential` following these steps:
+
+ 1. Generate a credential description based on the context.
++
+For example, if we want a password for
+`https://example.com/foo.git`, we might generate the following
+credential description (don't forget the blank line at the end; it
+tells `git credential` that the application finished feeding all the
+information it has):
+
+ protocol=https
+ host=example.com
+ path=foo.git
+
+ 2. Ask git-credential to give us a username and password for this
+ description. This is done by running `git credential fill`,
+ feeding the description from step (1) to its standard input. The complete
+ credential description (including the credential per se, i.e. the
+ login and password) will be produced on standard output, like:
+
+ protocol=https
+ host=example.com
+ username=bob
+ password=secr3t
++
+In most cases, this means the attributes given in the input will be
+repeated in the output, but Git may also modify the credential
+description, for example by removing the `path` attribute when the
+protocol is HTTP(s) and `credential.useHttpPath` is false.
++
+If the `git credential` knew about the password, this step may
+not have involved the user actually typing this password (the
+user may have typed a password to unlock the keychain instead,
+or no user interaction was done if the keychain was already
+unlocked) before it returned `password=secr3t`.
+
+ 3. Use the credential (e.g., access the URL with the username and
+ password from step (2)), and see if it's accepted.
+
+ 4. Report on the success or failure of the password. If the
+ credential allowed the operation to complete successfully, then
+ it can be marked with an "approve" action to tell `git
+ credential` to reuse it in its next invocation. If the credential
+ was rejected during the operation, use the "reject" action so
+ that `git credential` will ask for a new password in its next
+ invocation. In either case, `git credential` should be fed with
+ the credential description obtained from step (2) (which also
+ contain the ones provided in step (1)).
+
+[[IOFMT]]
+INPUT/OUTPUT FORMAT
+-------------------
+
+`git credential` reads and/or writes (depending on the action used)
+credential information in its standard input/output. This information
+can correspond either to keys for which `git credential` will obtain
+the login/password information (e.g. host, protocol, path), or to the
+actual credential data to be obtained (login/password).
+
+The credential is split into a set of named attributes, with one
+attribute per line. Each attribute is
+specified by a key-value pair, separated by an `=` (equals) sign,
+followed by a newline. The key may contain any bytes except `=`,
+newline, or NUL. The value may contain any bytes except newline or NUL.
+In both cases, all bytes are treated as-is (i.e., there is no quoting,
+and one cannot transmit a value with newline or NUL in it). The list of
+attributes is terminated by a blank line or end-of-file.
+Git understands the following attributes:
+
+`protocol`::
+
+ The protocol over which the credential will be used (e.g.,
+ `https`).
+
+`host`::
+
+ The remote hostname for a network credential.
+
+`path`::
+
+ The path with which the credential will be used. E.g., for
+ accessing a remote https repository, this will be the
+ repository's path on the server.
+
+`username`::
+
+ The credential's username, if we already have one (e.g., from a
+ URL, from the user, or from a previously run helper).
+
+`password`::
+
+ The credential's password, if we are asking it to be stored.
+
+`url`::
+
+ When this special attribute is read by `git credential`, the
+ value is parsed as a URL and treated as if its constituent parts
+ were read (e.g., `url=https://example.com` would behave as if
+ `protocol=https` and `host=example.com` had been provided). This
+ can help callers avoid parsing URLs themselves. Note that any
+ components which are missing from the URL (e.g., there is no
+ username in the example above) will be set to empty; if you want
+ to provide a URL and override some attributes, provide the URL
+ attribute first, followed by any overrides.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsexportcommit.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsexportcommit.txt
index 7f79cec..00154b6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsexportcommit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsexportcommit.txt
@@ -15,8 +15,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Exports a commit from GIT to a CVS checkout, making it easier
-to merge patches from a git repository into a CVS repository.
+Exports a commit from Git to a CVS checkout, making it easier
+to merge patches from a Git repository into a CVS repository.
Specify the name of a CVS checkout using the -w switch or execute it
from the root of the CVS working copy. In the latter case GIT_DIR must
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ OPTIONS
-w::
Specify the location of the CVS checkout to use for the export. This
option does not require GIT_DIR to be set before execution if the
- current directory is within a git repository. The default is the
+ current directory is within a Git repository. The default is the
value of 'cvsexportcommit.cvsdir'.
-W::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
index 6695ab3..d1bcda2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
@@ -18,7 +18,13 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Imports a CVS repository into git. It will either create a new
+*WARNING:* `git cvsimport` uses cvsps version 2, which is considered
+deprecated; it does not work with cvsps version 3 and later. If you are
+performing a one-shot import of a CVS repository consider using
+link:http://cvs2svn.tigris.org/cvs2git.html[cvs2git] or
+link:https://github.com/BartMassey/parsecvs[parsecvs].
+
+Imports a CVS repository into Git. It will either create a new
repository, or incrementally import into an existing one.
Splitting the CVS log into patch sets is done by 'cvsps'.
@@ -59,18 +65,18 @@ OPTIONS
`CVS/Repository`.
-C <target-dir>::
- The git repository to import to. If the directory doesn't
+ The Git repository to import to. If the directory doesn't
exist, it will be created. Default is the current directory.
-r <remote>::
- The git remote to import this CVS repository into.
+ The Git remote to import this CVS repository into.
Moves all CVS branches into remotes/<remote>/<branch>
akin to the way 'git clone' uses 'origin' by default.
-o <branch-for-HEAD>::
When no remote is specified (via -r) the 'HEAD' branch
- from CVS is imported to the 'origin' branch within the git
- repository, as 'HEAD' already has a special meaning for git.
+ from CVS is imported to the 'origin' branch within the Git
+ repository, as 'HEAD' already has a special meaning for Git.
When a remote is specified the 'HEAD' branch is named
remotes/<remote>/master mirroring 'git clone' behaviour.
Use this option if you want to import into a different
@@ -137,17 +143,19 @@ This option can be used several times to provide several detection regexes.
-A <author-conv-file>::
CVS by default uses the Unix username when writing its
commit logs. Using this option and an author-conv-file
- in this format
+ maps the name recorded in CVS to author name, e-mail and
+ optional timezone:
+
---------
exon=Andreas Ericsson <ae@op5.se>
- spawn=Simon Pawn <spawn@frog-pond.org>
+ spawn=Simon Pawn <spawn@frog-pond.org> America/Chicago
---------
+
'git cvsimport' will make it appear as those authors had
their GIT_AUTHOR_NAME and GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL set properly
-all along.
+all along. If a timezone is specified, GIT_AUTHOR_DATE will
+have the corresponding offset applied.
+
For convenience, this data is saved to `$GIT_DIR/cvs-authors`
each time the '-A' option is provided and read from that same
@@ -211,11 +219,9 @@ Problems related to tags:
* Multiple tags on the same revision are not imported.
If you suspect that any of these issues may apply to the repository you
-want to import consider using these alternative tools which proved to be
-more stable in practice:
+want to imort, consider using cvs2git:
-* cvs2git (part of cvs2svn), `http://cvs2svn.tigris.org`
-* parsecvs, `http://cgit.freedesktop.org/~keithp/parsecvs`
+* cvs2git (part of cvs2svn), `http://subversion.apache.org/`
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
index 88d814a..472f5cb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-cvsserver(1)
NAME
----
-git-cvsserver - A CVS server emulator for git
+git-cvsserver - A CVS server emulator for Git
SYNOPSIS
--------
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ unless '--export-all' was given, too.
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-This application is a CVS emulation layer for git.
+This application is a CVS emulation layer for Git.
It is highly functional. However, not all methods are implemented,
and for those methods that are implemented,
@@ -72,9 +72,9 @@ plugin. Most functionality works fine with both of these clients.
LIMITATIONS
-----------
-CVS clients cannot tag, branch or perform GIT merges.
+CVS clients cannot tag, branch or perform Git merges.
-'git-cvsserver' maps GIT branches to CVS modules. This is very different
+'git-cvsserver' maps Git branches to CVS modules. This is very different
from what most CVS users would expect since in CVS modules usually represent
one or more directories.
@@ -130,7 +130,7 @@ Then provide your password via the pserver method, for example:
------
cvs -d:pserver:someuser:somepassword <at> server/path/repo.git co <HEAD_name>
------
-No special setup is needed for SSH access, other than having GIT tools
+No special setup is needed for SSH access, other than having Git tools
in the PATH. If you have clients that do not accept the CVS_SERVER
environment variable, you can rename 'git-cvsserver' to `cvs`.
@@ -160,9 +160,9 @@ with CVS_SERVER (and shouldn't) as 'git-shell' understands `cvs` to mean
Note: you need to ensure each user that is going to invoke 'git-cvsserver' has
write access to the log file and to the database (see
<<dbbackend,Database Backend>>. If you want to offer write access over
-SSH, the users of course also need write access to the git repository itself.
+SSH, the users of course also need write access to the Git repository itself.
-You also need to ensure that each repository is "bare" (without a git index
+You also need to ensure that each repository is "bare" (without a Git index
file) for `cvs commit` to work. See linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7].
[[configaccessmethod]]
@@ -181,7 +181,7 @@ allowing access over SSH.
3. If you didn't specify the CVSROOT/CVS_SERVER directly in the checkout command,
automatically saving it in your 'CVS/Root' files, then you need to set them
explicitly in your environment. CVSROOT should be set as per normal, but the
- directory should point at the appropriate git repo. As above, for SSH clients
+ directory should point at the appropriate Git repo. As above, for SSH clients
_not_ restricted to 'git-shell', CVS_SERVER should be set to 'git-cvsserver'.
+
--
@@ -197,7 +197,7 @@ allowing access over SSH.
shell is bash, .bashrc may be a reasonable alternative.
5. Clients should now be able to check out the project. Use the CVS 'module'
- name to indicate what GIT 'head' you want to check out. This also sets the
+ name to indicate what Git 'head' you want to check out. This also sets the
name of your newly checked-out directory, unless you tell it otherwise with
`-d <dir_name>`. For example, this checks out 'master' branch to the
`project-master` directory:
@@ -210,7 +210,7 @@ allowing access over SSH.
Database Backend
----------------
-'git-cvsserver' uses one database per git head (i.e. CVS module) to
+'git-cvsserver' uses one database per Git head (i.e. CVS module) to
store information about the repository to maintain consistent
CVS revision numbers. The database needs to be
updated (i.e. written to) after every commit.
@@ -225,7 +225,7 @@ the pserver method), 'git-cvsserver' should have write access to
the database to work reliably (otherwise you need to make sure
that the database is up-to-date any time 'git-cvsserver' is executed).
-By default it uses SQLite databases in the git directory, named
+By default it uses SQLite databases in the Git directory, named
`gitcvs.<module_name>.sqlite`. Note that the SQLite backend creates
temporary files in the same directory as the database file on
write so it might not be enough to grant the users using
@@ -291,14 +291,14 @@ Variable substitution
In `dbdriver` and `dbuser` you can use the following variables:
%G::
- git directory name
+ Git directory name
%g::
- git directory name, where all characters except for
+ Git directory name, where all characters except for
alpha-numeric ones, `.`, and `-` are replaced with
`_` (this should make it easier to use the directory
name in a filename if wanted)
%m::
- CVS module/git head name
+ CVS module/Git head name
%a::
access method (one of "ext" or "pserver")
%u::
@@ -359,6 +359,43 @@ Operations supported
All the operations required for normal use are supported, including
checkout, diff, status, update, log, add, remove, commit.
+
+Most CVS command arguments that read CVS tags or revision numbers
+(typically -r) work, and also support any git refspec
+(tag, branch, commit ID, etc).
+However, CVS revision numbers for non-default branches are not well
+emulated, and cvs log does not show tags or branches at
+all. (Non-main-branch CVS revision numbers superficially resemble CVS
+revision numbers, but they actually encode a git commit ID directly,
+rather than represent the number of revisions since the branch point.)
+
+Note that there are two ways to checkout a particular branch.
+As described elsewhere on this page, the "module" parameter
+of cvs checkout is interpreted as a branch name, and it becomes
+the main branch. It remains the main branch for a given sandbox
+even if you temporarily make another branch sticky with
+cvs update -r. Alternatively, the -r argument can indicate
+some other branch to actually checkout, even though the module
+is still the "main" branch. Tradeoffs (as currently
+implemented): Each new "module" creates a new database on disk with
+a history for the given module, and after the database is created,
+operations against that main branch are fast. Or alternatively,
+-r doesn't take any extra disk space, but may be significantly slower for
+many operations, like cvs update.
+
+If you want to refer to a git refspec that has characters that are
+not allowed by CVS, you have two options. First, it may just work
+to supply the git refspec directly to the appropriate CVS -r argument;
+some CVS clients don't seem to do much sanity checking of the argument.
+Second, if that fails, you can use a special character escape mechanism
+that only uses characters that are valid in CVS tags. A sequence
+of 4 or 5 characters of the form (underscore (`"_"`), dash (`"-"`),
+one or two characters, and dash (`"-"`)) can encode various characters based
+on the one or two letters: `"s"` for slash (`"/"`), `"p"` for
+period (`"."`), `"u"` for underscore (`"_"`), or two hexadecimal digits
+for any byte value at all (typically an ASCII number, or perhaps a part
+of a UTF-8 encoded character).
+
Legacy monitoring operations are not supported (edit, watch and related).
Exports and tagging (tags and branches) are not supported at this stage.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
index e8f7577..223f731 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-daemon(1)
NAME
----
-git-daemon - A really simple server for git repositories
+git-daemon - A really simple server for Git repositories
SYNOPSIS
--------
@@ -16,17 +16,20 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--reuseaddr] [--detach] [--pid-file=<file>]
[--enable=<service>] [--disable=<service>]
[--allow-override=<service>] [--forbid-override=<service>]
- [--inetd | [--listen=<host_or_ipaddr>] [--port=<n>] [--user=<user> [--group=<group>]]
+ [--access-hook=<path>] [--[no-]informative-errors]
+ [--inetd |
+ [--listen=<host_or_ipaddr>] [--port=<n>]
+ [--user=<user> [--group=<group>]]]
[<directory>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-A really simple TCP git daemon that normally listens on port "DEFAULT_GIT_PORT"
+A really simple TCP Git daemon that normally listens on port "DEFAULT_GIT_PORT"
aka 9418. It waits for a connection asking for a service, and will serve
that service if it is enabled.
It verifies that the directory has the magic file "git-daemon-export-ok", and
-it will refuse to export any git directory that hasn't explicitly been marked
+it will refuse to export any Git directory that hasn't explicitly been marked
for export this way (unless the '--export-all' parameter is specified). If you
pass some directory paths as 'git daemon' arguments, you can further restrict
the offers to a whitelist comprising of those.
@@ -36,7 +39,7 @@ By default, only `upload-pack` service is enabled, which serves
from 'git fetch', 'git pull', and 'git clone'.
This is ideally suited for read-only updates, i.e., pulling from
-git repositories.
+Git repositories.
An `upload-archive` also exists to serve 'git archive'.
@@ -50,7 +53,7 @@ OPTIONS
--base-path=<path>::
Remap all the path requests as relative to the given path.
- This is sort of "GIT root" - if you run 'git daemon' with
+ This is sort of "Git root" - if you run 'git daemon' with
'--base-path=/srv/git' on example.com, then if you later try to pull
'git://example.com/hello.git', 'git daemon' will interpret the path
as '/srv/git/hello.git'.
@@ -72,7 +75,7 @@ OPTIONS
whitelist.
--export-all::
- Allow pulling from all directories that look like GIT repositories
+ Allow pulling from all directories that look like Git repositories
(have the 'objects' and 'refs' subdirectories), even if they
do not have the 'git-daemon-export-ok' file.
@@ -146,6 +149,13 @@ OPTIONS
Giving these options is an error when used with `--inetd`; use
the facility of inet daemon to achieve the same before spawning
'git daemon' if needed.
++
+Like many programs that switch user id, the daemon does not reset
+environment variables such as `$HOME` when it runs git programs,
+e.g. `upload-pack` and `receive-pack`. When using this option, you
+may also want to set and export `HOME` to point at the home
+directory of `<user>` before starting the daemon, and make sure any
+Git configuration files in that directory are readable by `<user>`.
--enable=<service>::
--disable=<service>::
@@ -161,8 +171,7 @@ the facility of inet daemon to achieve the same before spawning
repository configuration. By default, all the services
are overridable.
---informative-errors::
---no-informative-errors::
+--[no-]informative-errors::
When informative errors are turned on, git-daemon will report
more verbose errors to the client, differentiating conditions
like "no such repository" from "repository not exported". This
@@ -171,6 +180,21 @@ the facility of inet daemon to achieve the same before spawning
errors are not enabled, all errors report "access denied" to the
client. The default is --no-informative-errors.
+--access-hook=<path>::
+ Every time a client connects, first run an external command
+ specified by the <path> with service name (e.g. "upload-pack"),
+ path to the repository, hostname (%H), canonical hostname
+ (%CH), ip address (%IP), and tcp port (%P) as its command line
+ arguments. The external command can decide to decline the
+ service by exiting with a non-zero status (or to allow it by
+ exiting with a zero status). It can also look at the $REMOTE_ADDR
+ and $REMOTE_PORT environment variables to learn about the
+ requestor when making this decision.
++
+The external command can optionally write a single line to its
+standard output to be sent to the requestor as an error message when
+it declines the service.
+
<directory>::
A directory to add to the whitelist of allowed directories. Unless
--strict-paths is specified this will also include subdirectories
diff --git a/Documentation/git-describe.txt b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
index 72d6bb6..28e5ec0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-describe.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
@@ -81,8 +81,9 @@ OPTIONS
that points at object deadbee....).
--match <pattern>::
- Only consider tags matching the given pattern (can be used to avoid
- leaking private tags made from the repository).
+ Only consider tags matching the given `glob(7)` pattern,
+ excluding the "refs/tags/" prefix. This can be used to avoid
+ leaking private tags from the repository.
--always::
Show uniquely abbreviated commit object as fallback.
@@ -131,7 +132,7 @@ closest tagname without any suffix:
Note that the suffix you get if you type these commands today may be
longer than what Linus saw above when he ran these commands, as your
-git repository may have new commits whose object names begin with
+Git repository may have new commits whose object names begin with
975b that did not exist back then, and "-g975b" suffix alone may not
be sufficient to disambiguate these commits.
@@ -148,7 +149,7 @@ is found, its name will be output and searching will stop.
If an exact match was not found, 'git describe' will walk back
through the commit history to locate an ancestor commit which
has been tagged. The ancestor's tag will be output along with an
-abbreviation of the input committish's SHA1.
+abbreviation of the input committish's SHA-1.
If multiple tags were found during the walk then the tag which
has the fewest commits different from the input committish will be
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff.txt b/Documentation/git-diff.txt
index f8d0819..a7b4620 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff.txt
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git diff' [options] [<commit>] [--] [<path>...]
'git diff' [options] --cached [<commit>] [--] [<path>...]
'git diff' [options] <commit> <commit> [--] [<path>...]
+'git diff' [options] <blob> <blob>
'git diff' [options] [--no-index] [--] <path> <path>
DESCRIPTION
@@ -24,7 +25,7 @@ between two files on disk.
This form is to view the changes you made relative to
the index (staging area for the next commit). In other
- words, the differences are what you _could_ tell git to
+ words, the differences are what you _could_ tell Git to
further add to the index but you still haven't. You can
stage these changes by using linkgit:git-add[1].
+
@@ -55,6 +56,11 @@ directories. This behavior can be forced by --no-index.
This is to view the changes between two arbitrary
<commit>.
+'git diff' [options] <blob> <blob>::
+
+ This form is to view the differences between the raw
+ contents of two blob objects.
+
'git diff' [--options] <commit>..<commit> [--] [<path>...]::
This is synonymous to the previous form. If <commit> on
@@ -72,8 +78,7 @@ directories. This behavior can be forced by --no-index.
Just in case if you are doing something exotic, it should be
noted that all of the <commit> in the above description, except
in the last two forms that use ".." notations, can be any
-<tree>. The third form ('git diff <commit> <commit>') can also
-be used to compare two <blob> objects.
+<tree>.
For a more complete list of ways to spell <commit>, see
"SPECIFYING REVISIONS" section in linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
diff --git a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
index 31fc2e3..11887e6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-'git difftool' is a git command that allows you to compare and edit files
+'git difftool' is a Git command that allows you to compare and edit files
between revisions using common diff tools. 'git difftool' is a frontend
to 'git diff' and accepts the same options and arguments. See
linkgit:git-diff[1].
@@ -69,6 +69,15 @@ with custom merge tool commands and has the same value as `$MERGED`.
--tool-help::
Print a list of diff tools that may be used with `--tool`.
+--[no-]symlinks::
+ 'git difftool''s default behavior is create symlinks to the
+ working tree when run in `--dir-diff` mode and the right-hand
+ side of the comparison yields the same content as the file in
+ the working tree.
++
+Specifying `--no-symlinks` instructs 'git difftool' to create copies
+instead. `--no-symlinks` is the default on Windows.
+
-x <command>::
--extcmd=<command>::
Specify a custom command for viewing diffs.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
index d6487e1..efb0380 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
@@ -27,15 +27,17 @@ OPTIONS
Insert 'progress' statements every <n> objects, to be shown by
'git fast-import' during import.
---signed-tags=(verbatim|warn|strip|abort)::
+--signed-tags=(verbatim|warn|warn-strip|strip|abort)::
Specify how to handle signed tags. Since any transformation
after the export can change the tag names (which can also happen
when excluding revisions) the signatures will not match.
+
When asking to 'abort' (which is the default), this program will die
-when encountering a signed tag. With 'strip', the tags will be made
-unsigned, with 'verbatim', they will be silently exported
-and with 'warn', they will be exported, but you will see a warning.
+when encountering a signed tag. With 'strip', the tags will silently
+be made unsigned, with 'warn-strip' they will be made unsigned but a
+warning will be displayed, with 'verbatim', they will be silently
+exported and with 'warn', they will be exported, but you will see a
+warning.
--tag-of-filtered-object=(abort|drop|rewrite)::
Specify how to handle tags whose tagged object is filtered out.
@@ -66,6 +68,8 @@ produced incorrect results if you gave these options.
incremental runs. As <file> is only opened and truncated
at completion, the same path can also be safely given to
\--import-marks.
+ The file will not be written if no new object has been
+ marked/exported.
--import-marks=<file>::
Before processing any input, load the marks specified in
@@ -102,11 +106,11 @@ marks the same across runs.
different from the commit's first parent).
[<git-rev-list-args>...]::
- A list of arguments, acceptable to 'git rev-parse' and
- 'git rev-list', that specifies the specific objects and references
- to export. For example, `master~10..master` causes the
- current master reference to be exported along with all objects
- added since its 10th ancestor commit.
+ A list of arguments, acceptable to 'git rev-parse' and
+ 'git rev-list', that specifies the specific objects and references
+ to export. For example, `master~10..master` causes the
+ current master reference to be exported along with all objects
+ added since its 10th ancestor commit.
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
index 2620d28..bf1a02a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
@@ -33,34 +33,46 @@ the frontend program in use.
OPTIONS
-------
---date-format=<fmt>::
- Specify the type of dates the frontend will supply to
- fast-import within `author`, `committer` and `tagger` commands.
- See ``Date Formats'' below for details about which formats
- are supported, and their syntax.
--force::
Force updating modified existing branches, even if doing
so would cause commits to be lost (as the new commit does
not contain the old commit).
---max-pack-size=<n>::
- Maximum size of each output packfile.
- The default is unlimited.
+--quiet::
+ Disable all non-fatal output, making fast-import silent when it
+ is successful. This option disables the output shown by
+ \--stats.
---big-file-threshold=<n>::
- Maximum size of a blob that fast-import will attempt to
- create a delta for, expressed in bytes. The default is 512m
- (512 MiB). Some importers may wish to lower this on systems
- with constrained memory.
+--stats::
+ Display some basic statistics about the objects fast-import has
+ created, the packfiles they were stored into, and the
+ memory used by fast-import during this run. Showing this output
+ is currently the default, but can be disabled with \--quiet.
---depth=<n>::
- Maximum delta depth, for blob and tree deltification.
- Default is 10.
+Options for Frontends
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
---active-branches=<n>::
- Maximum number of branches to maintain active at once.
- See ``Memory Utilization'' below for details. Default is 5.
+--cat-blob-fd=<fd>::
+ Write responses to `cat-blob` and `ls` queries to the
+ file descriptor <fd> instead of `stdout`. Allows `progress`
+ output intended for the end-user to be separated from other
+ output.
+
+--date-format=<fmt>::
+ Specify the type of dates the frontend will supply to
+ fast-import within `author`, `committer` and `tagger` commands.
+ See ``Date Formats'' below for details about which formats
+ are supported, and their syntax.
+
+--done::
+ Terminate with error if there is no `done` command at the end of
+ the stream. This option might be useful for detecting errors
+ that cause the frontend to terminate before it has started to
+ write a stream.
+
+Locations of Marks Files
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
--export-marks=<file>::
Dumps the internal marks table to <file> when complete.
@@ -83,31 +95,33 @@ OPTIONS
Like --import-marks but instead of erroring out, silently
skips the file if it does not exist.
---relative-marks::
+--[no-]relative-marks::
After specifying --relative-marks the paths specified
with --import-marks= and --export-marks= are relative
to an internal directory in the current repository.
In git-fast-import this means that the paths are relative
to the .git/info/fast-import directory. However, other
importers may use a different location.
++
+Relative and non-relative marks may be combined by interweaving
+--(no-)-relative-marks with the --(import|export)-marks= options.
---no-relative-marks::
- Negates a previous --relative-marks. Allows for combining
- relative and non-relative marks by interweaving
- --(no-)-relative-marks with the --(import|export)-marks=
- options.
+Performance and Compression Tuning
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
---cat-blob-fd=<fd>::
- Write responses to `cat-blob` and `ls` queries to the
- file descriptor <fd> instead of `stdout`. Allows `progress`
- output intended for the end-user to be separated from other
- output.
+--active-branches=<n>::
+ Maximum number of branches to maintain active at once.
+ See ``Memory Utilization'' below for details. Default is 5.
---done::
- Require a `done` command at the end of the stream.
- This option might be useful for detecting errors that
- cause the frontend to terminate before it has started to
- write a stream.
+--big-file-threshold=<n>::
+ Maximum size of a blob that fast-import will attempt to
+ create a delta for, expressed in bytes. The default is 512m
+ (512 MiB). Some importers may wish to lower this on systems
+ with constrained memory.
+
+--depth=<n>::
+ Maximum delta depth, for blob and tree deltification.
+ Default is 10.
--export-pack-edges=<file>::
After creating a packfile, print a line of data to
@@ -118,16 +132,9 @@ OPTIONS
as these commits can be used as edge points during calls
to 'git pack-objects'.
---quiet::
- Disable all non-fatal output, making fast-import silent when it
- is successful. This option disables the output shown by
- \--stats.
-
---stats::
- Display some basic statistics about the objects fast-import has
- created, the packfiles they were stored into, and the
- memory used by fast-import during this run. Showing this output
- is currently the default, but can be disabled with \--quiet.
+--max-pack-size=<n>::
+ Maximum size of each output packfile.
+ The default is unlimited.
Performance
@@ -423,7 +430,7 @@ they made it.
Here `<name>` is the person's display name (for example
``Com M Itter'') and `<email>` is the person's email address
-(``cm@example.com''). `LT` and `GT` are the literal less-than (\x3c)
+(``\cm@example.com''). `LT` and `GT` are the literal less-than (\x3c)
and greater-than (\x3e) symbols. These are required to delimit
the email address from the other fields in the line. Note that
`<name>` and `<email>` are free-form and may contain any sequence
@@ -438,7 +445,9 @@ their syntax.
^^^^^^
The `from` command is used to specify the commit to initialize
this branch from. This revision will be the first ancestor of the
-new commit.
+new commit. The state of the tree built at this commit will begin
+with the state at the `from` commit, and be altered by the content
+modifications in this commit.
Omitting the `from` command in the first commit of a new branch
will cause fast-import to create that commit with no ancestor. This
@@ -488,7 +497,9 @@ existing value of the branch.
`merge`
^^^^^^^
-Includes one additional ancestor commit. If the `from` command is
+Includes one additional ancestor commit. The additional ancestry
+link does not change the way the tree state is built at this commit.
+If the `from` command is
omitted when creating a new branch, the first `merge` commit will be
the first ancestor of the current commit, and the branch will start
out with no files. An unlimited number of `merge` commands per
@@ -554,8 +565,12 @@ A `<path>` string must use UNIX-style directory separators (forward
slash `/`), may contain any byte other than `LF`, and must not
start with double quote (`"`).
-If an `LF` or double quote must be encoded into `<path>` shell-style
-quoting should be used, e.g. `"path/with\n and \" in it"`.
+A path can use C-style string quoting; this is accepted in all cases
+and mandatory if the filename starts with double quote or contains
+`LF`. In C-style quoting, the complete name should be surrounded with
+double quotes, and any `LF`, backslash, or double quote characters
+must be escaped by preceding them with a backslash (e.g.,
+`"path/with\n, \\ and \" in it"`).
The value of `<path>` must be in canonical form. That is it must not:
@@ -1047,7 +1062,9 @@ done::
Error out if the stream ends without a 'done' command.
Without this feature, errors causing the frontend to end
abruptly at a convenient point in the stream can go
- undetected.
+ undetected. This may occur, for example, if an import
+ front end dies in mid-operation without emitting SIGTERM
+ or SIGKILL at its subordinate git fast-import instance.
`option`
~~~~~~~~
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
index 474fa30..1e71754 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,10 @@ git-fetch-pack - Receive missing objects from another repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git fetch-pack' [--all] [--quiet|-q] [--keep|-k] [--thin] [--include-tag] [--upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>] [--depth=<n>] [--no-progress] [-v] [<host>:]<directory> [<refs>...]
+'git fetch-pack' [--all] [--quiet|-q] [--keep|-k] [--thin] [--include-tag]
+ [--upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>]
+ [--depth=<n>] [--no-progress]
+ [-v] [<host>:]<directory> [<refs>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -81,6 +84,8 @@ be in a separate packet, and the list must end with a flush packet.
--depth=<n>::
Limit fetching to ancestor-chains not longer than n.
+ 'git-upload-pack' treats the special depth 2147483647 as
+ infinite even if there is an ancestor-chain that long.
--no-progress::
Do not show the progress.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
index b41d7c1..e08a028 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ Using --recurse-submodules can only fetch new commits in already checked
out submodules right now. When e.g. upstream added a new submodule in the
just fetched commits of the superproject the submodule itself can not be
fetched, making it impossible to check out that submodule later without
-having to do a fetch again. This is expected to be fixed in a future git
+having to do a fetch again. This is expected to be fixed in a future Git
version.
SEE ALSO
diff --git a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
index 15e7ac8..e4c8e82 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Lets you rewrite git revision history by rewriting the branches mentioned
+Lets you rewrite Git revision history by rewriting the branches mentioned
in the <rev-list options>, applying custom filters on each revision.
Those filters can modify each tree (e.g. removing a file or running
a perl rewrite on all files) or information about each commit.
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ The command will only rewrite the _positive_ refs mentioned in the
command line (e.g. if you pass 'a..b', only 'b' will be rewritten).
If you specify no filters, the commits will be recommitted without any
changes, which would normally have no effect. Nevertheless, this may be
-useful in the future for compensating for some git bugs or such,
+useful in the future for compensating for some Git bugs or such,
therefore such a usage is permitted.
*NOTE*: This command honors `.git/info/grafts` file and refs in
@@ -64,8 +64,11 @@ argument is always evaluated in the shell context using the 'eval' command
Prior to that, the $GIT_COMMIT environment variable will be set to contain
the id of the commit being rewritten. Also, GIT_AUTHOR_NAME,
GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL, GIT_AUTHOR_DATE, GIT_COMMITTER_NAME, GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL,
-and GIT_COMMITTER_DATE are set according to the current commit. The values
-of these variables after the filters have run, are used for the new commit.
+and GIT_COMMITTER_DATE are taken from the current commit and exported to
+the environment, in order to affect the author and committer identities of
+the replacement commit created by linkgit:git-commit-tree[1] after the
+filters have run.
+
If any evaluation of <command> returns a non-zero exit status, the whole
operation will be aborted.
@@ -304,6 +307,11 @@ committed a merge between P1 and P2, it will be propagated properly
and all children of the merge will become merge commits with P1,P2
as their parents instead of the merge commit.
+*NOTE* the changes introduced by the commits, and which are not reverted
+by subsequent commits, will still be in the rewritten branch. If you want
+to throw out _changes_ together with the commits, you should use the
+interactive mode of 'git rebase'.
+
You can rewrite the commit log messages using `--msg-filter`. For
example, 'git svn-id' strings in a repository created by 'git svn' can
be removed this way:
@@ -314,11 +322,6 @@ git filter-branch --msg-filter '
'
-------------------------------------------------------
-To restrict rewriting to only part of the history, specify a revision
-range in addition to the new branch name. The new branch name will
-point to the top-most revision that a 'git rev-list' of this range
-will print.
-
If you need to add 'Acked-by' lines to, say, the last 10 commits (none
of which is a merge), use this command:
@@ -329,11 +332,30 @@ git filter-branch --msg-filter '
' HEAD~10..HEAD
--------------------------------------------------------
-*NOTE* the changes introduced by the commits, and which are not reverted
-by subsequent commits, will still be in the rewritten branch. If you want
-to throw out _changes_ together with the commits, you should use the
-interactive mode of 'git rebase'.
+The `--env-filter` option can be used to modify committer and/or author
+identity. For example, if you found out that your commits have the wrong
+identity due to a misconfigured user.email, you can make a correction,
+before publishing the project, like this:
+
+--------------------------------------------------------
+git filter-branch --env-filter '
+ if test "$GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL" = "root@localhost"
+ then
+ GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL=john@example.com
+ export GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL
+ fi
+ if test "$GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL" = "root@localhost"
+ then
+ GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL=john@example.com
+ export GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL
+ fi
+' -- --all
+--------------------------------------------------------
+To restrict rewriting to only part of the history, specify a revision
+range in addition to the new branch name. The new branch name will
+point to the top-most revision that a 'git rev-list' of this range
+will print.
Consider this history:
@@ -375,7 +397,7 @@ git-filter-branch is often used to get rid of a subset of files,
usually with some combination of `--index-filter` and
`--subdirectory-filter`. People expect the resulting repository to
be smaller than the original, but you need a few more steps to
-actually make it smaller, because git tries hard not to lose your
+actually make it smaller, because Git tries hard not to lose your
objects until you tell it to. First make sure that:
* You really removed all variants of a filename, if a blob was moved
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
index 3a0f55e..bb1232a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
@@ -35,8 +35,7 @@ OPTIONS
Do not list one-line descriptions from the actual commits being
merged.
---summary::
---no-summary::
+--[no-]summary::
Synonyms to --log and --no-log; these are deprecated and will be
removed in the future.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
index c872b88..f2e08d1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
@@ -102,9 +102,10 @@ Fields that have name-email-date tuple as its value (`author`,
and `date` to extract the named component.
The complete message in a commit and tag object is `contents`.
-Its first line is `contents:subject`, the remaining lines
-are `contents:body` and the optional GPG signature
-is `contents:signature`.
+Its first line is `contents:subject`, where subject is the concatenation
+of all lines of the commit message up to the first blank line. The next
+line is 'contents:body', where body is all of the lines after the first
+blank line. Finally, the optional GPG signature is `contents:signature`.
For sorting purposes, fields with numeric values sort in numeric
order (`objectsize`, `authordate`, `committerdate`, `taggerdate`).
@@ -116,7 +117,7 @@ returns an empty string instead.
As a special case for the date-type fields, you may specify a format for
the date by adding one of `:default`, `:relative`, `:short`, `:local`,
-`:iso8601` or `:rfc2822` to the end of the fieldname; e.g.
+`:iso8601`, `:rfc2822` or `:raw` to the end of the fieldname; e.g.
`%(taggerdate:relative)`.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
index 04c7346..3911877 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
@@ -18,9 +18,9 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--start-number <n>] [--numbered-files]
[--in-reply-to=Message-Id] [--suffix=.<sfx>]
[--ignore-if-in-upstream]
- [--subject-prefix=Subject-Prefix]
+ [--subject-prefix=Subject-Prefix] [(--reroll-count|-v) <n>]
[--to=<email>] [--cc=<email>]
- [--cover-letter] [--quiet]
+ [--[no-]cover-letter] [--quiet] [--notes[=<ref>]]
[<common diff options>]
[ <since> | <revision range> ]
@@ -58,10 +58,13 @@ output, unless the `--stdout` option is specified.
If `-o` is specified, output files are created in <dir>. Otherwise
they are created in the current working directory.
-By default, the subject of a single patch is "[PATCH] First Line" and
-the subject when multiple patches are output is "[PATCH n/m] First
-Line". To force 1/1 to be added for a single patch, use `-n`. To omit
-patch numbers from the subject, use `-N`.
+By default, the subject of a single patch is "[PATCH] " followed by
+the concatenation of lines from the commit message up to the first blank
+line (see the DISCUSSION section of linkgit:git-commit[1]).
+
+When multiple patches are output, the subject prefix will instead be
+"[PATCH n/m] ". To force 1/1 to be added for a single patch, use `-n`.
+To omit patch numbers from the subject, use `-N`.
If given `--thread`, `git-format-patch` will generate `In-Reply-To` and
`References` headers to make the second and subsequent patch mails appear
@@ -163,6 +166,15 @@ will want to ensure that threading is disabled for `git send-email`.
allows for useful naming of a patch series, and can be
combined with the `--numbered` option.
+-v <n>::
+--reroll-count=<n>::
+ Mark the series as the <n>-th iteration of the topic. The
+ output filenames have `v<n>` pretended to them, and the
+ subject prefix ("PATCH" by default, but configurable via the
+ `--subject-prefix` option) has ` v<n>` appended to it. E.g.
+ `--reroll-count=4` may produce `v4-0001-add-makefile.patch`
+ file that has "Subject: [PATCH v4 1/20] Add makefile" in it.
+
--to=<email>::
Add a `To:` header to the email headers. This is in addition
to any configured headers, and may be used multiple times.
@@ -183,15 +195,27 @@ will want to ensure that threading is disabled for `git send-email`.
`Cc:`, and custom) headers added so far from config or command
line.
---cover-letter::
+--[no-]cover-letter::
In addition to the patches, generate a cover letter file
containing the shortlog and the overall diffstat. You can
fill in a description in the file before sending it out.
+--notes[=<ref>]::
+ Append the notes (see linkgit:git-notes[1]) for the commit
+ after the three-dash line.
++
+The expected use case of this is to write supporting explanation for
+the commit that does not belong to the commit log message proper,
+and include it with the patch submission. While one can simply write
+these explanations after `format-patch` has run but before sending,
+keeping them as Git notes allows them to be maintained between versions
+of the patch series (but see the discussion of the `notes.rewrite`
+configuration options in linkgit:git-notes[1] to use this workflow).
+
--[no]-signature=<signature>::
Add a signature to each message produced. Per RFC 3676 the signature
is separated from the body by a line with '-- ' on it. If the
- signature option is omitted the signature defaults to the git version
+ signature option is omitted the signature defaults to the Git version
number.
--suffix=.<sfx>::
@@ -236,6 +260,7 @@ attachments, and sign off patches with configuration variables.
cc = <email>
attach [ = mime-boundary-string ]
signoff = true
+ coverletter = auto
------------
@@ -365,7 +390,7 @@ Thunderbird
~~~~~~~~~~~
By default, Thunderbird will both wrap emails as well as flag
them as being 'format=flowed', both of which will make the
-resulting email unusable by git.
+resulting email unusable by Git.
There are three different approaches: use an add-on to turn off line wraps,
configure Thunderbird to not mangle patches, or use
@@ -501,8 +526,8 @@ $ git format-patch -M -B origin
Additionally, it detects and handles renames and complete rewrites
intelligently to produce a renaming patch. A renaming patch reduces
the amount of text output, and generally makes it easier to review.
-Note that non-git "patch" programs won't understand renaming patches, so
-use it only when you know the recipient uses git to apply your patch.
+Note that non-Git "patch" programs won't understand renaming patches, so
+use it only when you know the recipient uses Git to apply your patch.
* Extract three topmost commits from the current branch and format them
as e-mailable patches:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
index da348fc..25c431d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
@@ -23,15 +23,14 @@ OPTIONS
An object to treat as the head of an unreachability trace.
+
If no objects are given, 'git fsck' defaults to using the
-index file, all SHA1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
+index file, all SHA-1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
(unless --no-reflogs is given) as heads.
--unreachable::
Print out objects that exist but that aren't reachable from any
of the reference nodes.
---dangling::
---no-dangling::
+--[no-]dangling::
Print objects that exist but that are never 'directly' used (default).
`--no-dangling` can be used to omit this information from the output.
@@ -56,7 +55,7 @@ index file, all SHA1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
($GIT_DIR/objects), but also the ones found in alternate
object pools listed in GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES
or $GIT_DIR/objects/info/alternates,
- and in packed git archives found in $GIT_DIR/objects/pack
+ and in packed Git archives found in $GIT_DIR/objects/pack
and corresponding pack subdirectories in alternate
object pools. This is now default; you can turn it off
with --no-full.
@@ -64,8 +63,8 @@ index file, all SHA1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
--strict::
Enable more strict checking, namely to catch a file mode
recorded with g+w bit set, which was created by older
- versions of git. Existing repositories, including the
- Linux kernel, git itself, and sparse repository have old
+ versions of Git. Existing repositories, including the
+ Linux kernel, Git itself, and sparse repository have old
objects that triggers this check, but it is recommended
to check new projects with this flag.
@@ -78,8 +77,7 @@ index file, all SHA1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
a blob, the contents are written into the file, rather than
its object name.
---progress::
---no-progress::
+--[no-]progress::
Progress status is reported on the standard error stream by
default when it is attached to a terminal, unless
--no-progress or --verbose is specified. --progress forces
@@ -89,7 +87,7 @@ index file, all SHA1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
DISCUSSION
----------
-git-fsck tests SHA1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking
+git-fsck tests SHA-1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking
of the resulting reachability and everything else. It prints out any
corruption it finds (missing or bad objects), and if you use the
'--unreachable' flag it will also print out objects that exist but that
diff --git a/Documentation/git-gc.txt b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
index b370b02..2402ed6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-gc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
@@ -62,8 +62,9 @@ automatic consolidation of packs.
--prune=<date>::
Prune loose objects older than date (default is 2 weeks ago,
- overridable by the config variable `gc.pruneExpire`). This
- option is on by default.
+ overridable by the config variable `gc.pruneExpire`).
+ --prune=all prunes loose objects regardless of their age.
+ --prune is on by default.
--no-prune::
Do not prune any loose objects.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-grep.txt b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
index 3bec036..8497aa4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-grep.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[-W | --function-context]
[-f <file>] [-e] <pattern>
[--and|--or|--not|(|)|-e <pattern>...]
- [ [--exclude-standard] [--cached | --no-index | --untracked] | <tree>...]
+ [ [--[no-]exclude-standard] [--cached | --no-index | --untracked] | <tree>...]
[--] [<pathspec>...]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -42,8 +42,16 @@ CONFIGURATION
grep.lineNumber::
If set to true, enable '-n' option by default.
+grep.patternType::
+ Set the default matching behavior. Using a value of 'basic', 'extended',
+ 'fixed', or 'perl' will enable the '--basic-regexp', '--extended-regexp',
+ '--fixed-strings', or '--perl-regexp' option accordingly, while the
+ value 'default' will return to the default matching behavior.
+
grep.extendedRegexp::
- If set to true, enable '--extended-regexp' option by default.
+ If set to true, enable '--extended-regexp' option by default. This
+ option is ignored when the 'grep.patternType' option is set to a value
+ other than 'default'.
OPTIONS
@@ -53,7 +61,7 @@ OPTIONS
blobs registered in the index file.
--no-index::
- Search files in the current directory that is not managed by git.
+ Search files in the current directory that is not managed by Git.
--untracked::
In addition to searching in the tracked files in the working
diff --git a/Documentation/git-gui.txt b/Documentation/git-gui.txt
index 0041994..8144527 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-gui.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-gui.txt
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ Examples
SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:gitk[1]::
- The git repository browser. Shows branches, commit history
+ The Git repository browser. Shows branches, commit history
and file differences. gitk is the utility started by
'git gui''s Repository Visualize actions.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt b/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
index 4b0a502..02c1f12 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ OPTIONS
--path::
Hash object as it were located at the given path. The location of
file does not directly influence on the hash value, but path is
- used to determine what git filters should be applied to the object
+ used to determine what Git filters should be applied to the object
before it can be placed to the object database, and, as result of
applying filters, the actual blob put into the object database may
differ from the given file. This option is mainly useful for hashing
diff --git a/Documentation/git-help.txt b/Documentation/git-help.txt
index 9e0b3f6..b21e9d7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-help.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-help.txt
@@ -3,36 +3,50 @@ git-help(1)
NAME
----
-git-help - display help information about git
+git-help - Display help information about Git
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git help' [-a|--all|-i|--info|-m|--man|-w|--web] [COMMAND]
+'git help' [-a|--all] [-g|--guide]
+ [-i|--info|-m|--man|-w|--web] [COMMAND|GUIDE]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-With no options and no COMMAND given, the synopsis of the 'git'
-command and a list of the most commonly used git commands are printed
+With no options and no COMMAND or GUIDE given, the synopsis of the 'git'
+command and a list of the most commonly used Git commands are printed
on the standard output.
-If the option '--all' or '-a' is given, then all available commands are
+If the option '--all' or '-a' is given, all available commands are
printed on the standard output.
-If a git command is named, a manual page for that command is brought
-up. The 'man' program is used by default for this purpose, but this
-can be overridden by other options or configuration variables.
+If the option '--guide' or '-g' is given, a list of the useful
+Git guides is also printed on the standard output.
+
+If a command, or a guide, is given, a manual page for that command or
+guide is brought up. The 'man' program is used by default for this
+purpose, but this can be overridden by other options or configuration
+variables.
Note that `git --help ...` is identical to `git help ...` because the
former is internally converted into the latter.
+To display the linkgit:git[1] man page, use `git help git`.
+
+This page can be displayed with 'git help help' or `git help --help`
+
OPTIONS
-------
-a::
--all::
Prints all the available commands on the standard output. This
- option supersedes any other option.
+ option overrides any given command or guide name.
+
+-g::
+--guides::
+ Prints a list of useful guides on the standard output. This
+ option overrides any given command or guide name.
-i::
--info::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
index f4e0741..e3bcdb5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ and the backwards-compatible dumb HTTP protocol, as well as clients
pushing using the smart HTTP protocol.
It verifies that the directory has the magic file
-"git-daemon-export-ok", and it will refuse to export any git directory
+"git-daemon-export-ok", and it will refuse to export any Git directory
that hasn't explicitly been marked for export this way (unless the
GIT_HTTP_EXPORT_ALL environmental variable is set).
@@ -80,7 +80,30 @@ ScriptAlias /git/ /usr/libexec/git-core/git-http-backend/
----------------------------------------------------------------
+
To enable anonymous read access but authenticated write access,
-require authorization with a LocationMatch directive:
+require authorization for both the initial ref advertisement (which we
+detect as a push via the service parameter in the query string), and the
+receive-pack invocation itself:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} service=git-receive-pack [OR]
+RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} /git-receive-pack$
+RewriteRule ^/git/ - [E=AUTHREQUIRED:yes]
+
+<LocationMatch "^/git/">
+ Order Deny,Allow
+ Deny from env=AUTHREQUIRED
+
+ AuthType Basic
+ AuthName "Git Access"
+ Require group committers
+ Satisfy Any
+ ...
+</LocationMatch>
+----------------------------------------------------------------
++
+If you do not have `mod_rewrite` available to match against the query
+string, it is sufficient to just protect `git-receive-pack` itself,
+like:
+
----------------------------------------------------------------
<LocationMatch "^/git/.*/git-receive-pack$">
@@ -91,6 +114,15 @@ require authorization with a LocationMatch directive:
</LocationMatch>
----------------------------------------------------------------
+
+In this mode, the server will not request authentication until the
+client actually starts the object negotiation phase of the push, rather
+than during the initial contact. For this reason, you must also enable
+the `http.receivepack` config option in any repositories that should
+accept a push. The default behavior, if `http.receivepack` is not set,
+is to reject any pushes by unauthenticated users; the initial request
+will therefore report `403 Forbidden` to the client, without even giving
+an opportunity for authentication.
++
To require authentication for both reads and writes, use a Location
directive around the repository, or one of its parent directories:
+
@@ -158,6 +190,54 @@ ScriptAliasMatch \
ScriptAlias /git/ /var/www/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi/
----------------------------------------------------------------
+Lighttpd::
+ Ensure that `mod_cgi`, `mod_alias, `mod_auth`, `mod_setenv` are
+ loaded, then set `GIT_PROJECT_ROOT` appropriately and redirect
+ all requests to the CGI:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+alias.url += ( "/git" => "/usr/lib/git-core/git-http-backend" )
+$HTTP["url"] =~ "^/git" {
+ cgi.assign = ("" => "")
+ setenv.add-environment = (
+ "GIT_PROJECT_ROOT" => "/var/www/git",
+ "GIT_HTTP_EXPORT_ALL" => ""
+ )
+}
+----------------------------------------------------------------
++
+To enable anonymous read access but authenticated write access:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+$HTTP["querystring"] =~ "service=git-receive-pack" {
+ include "git-auth.conf"
+}
+$HTTP["url"] =~ "^/git/.*/git-receive-pack$" {
+ include "git-auth.conf"
+}
+----------------------------------------------------------------
++
+where `git-auth.conf` looks something like:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+auth.require = (
+ "/" => (
+ "method" => "basic",
+ "realm" => "Git Access",
+ "require" => "valid-user"
+ )
+)
+# ...and set up auth.backend here
+----------------------------------------------------------------
++
+To require authentication for both reads and writes:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+$HTTP["url"] =~ "^/git/private" {
+ include "git-auth.conf"
+}
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+
ENVIRONMENT
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-http-fetch.txt b/Documentation/git-http-fetch.txt
index 070cd1e..21a33d2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-http-fetch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-http-fetch.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-http-fetch(1)
NAME
----
-git-http-fetch - Download from a remote git repository via HTTP
+git-http-fetch - Download from a remote Git repository via HTTP
SYNOPSIS
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Downloads a remote git repository via HTTP.
+Downloads a remote Git repository via HTTP.
*NOTE*: use of this command without -a is deprecated. The -a
behaviour will become the default in a future release.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
index 39e6d0d..bde8eec 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ DESCRIPTION
Reads a packed archive (.pack) from the specified file, and
builds a pack index file (.idx) for it. The packed archive
together with the pack index can then be placed in the
-objects/pack/ directory of a git repository.
+objects/pack/ directory of a Git repository.
OPTIONS
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ OPTIONS
When this flag is provided, the pack is read from stdin
instead and a copy is then written to <pack-file>. If
<pack-file> is not specified, the pack is written to
- objects/pack/ directory of the current git repository with
+ objects/pack/ directory of the current Git repository with
a default name determined from the pack content. If
<pack-file> is not specified consider using --keep to
prevent a race condition between this process and
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ OPTIONS
This is meant to reduce packing time on multiprocessor
machines. The required amount of memory for the delta search
window is however multiplied by the number of threads.
- Specifying 0 will cause git to auto-detect the number of CPU's
+ Specifying 0 will cause Git to auto-detect the number of CPU's
and use maximum 3 threads.
@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ Note
----
Once the index has been created, the list of object names is sorted
-and the SHA1 hash of that list is printed to stdout. If --stdin was
+and the SHA-1 hash of that list is printed to stdout. If --stdin was
also used then this is prefixed by either "pack\t", or "keep\t" if a
new .keep file was successfully created. This is useful to remove a
.keep file used as a lock to prevent the race with 'git repack'
diff --git a/Documentation/git-init-db.txt b/Documentation/git-init-db.txt
index a21e346..648a6cd 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-init-db.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-init-db.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-init-db(1)
NAME
----
-git-init-db - Creates an empty git repository
+git-init-db - Creates an empty Git repository
SYNOPSIS
diff --git a/Documentation/git-init.txt b/Documentation/git-init.txt
index 9ac2bba..afd721e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-init.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-init.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-init(1)
NAME
----
-git-init - Create an empty git repository or reinitialize an existing one
+git-init - Create an empty Git repository or reinitialize an existing one
SYNOPSIS
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-This command creates an empty git repository - basically a `.git`
+This command creates an empty Git repository - basically a `.git`
directory with subdirectories for `objects`, `refs/heads`,
`refs/tags`, and template files. An initial `HEAD` file that
references the HEAD of the master branch is also created.
@@ -58,19 +58,19 @@ DIRECTORY" section below.)
--separate-git-dir=<git dir>::
Instead of initializing the repository where it is supposed to be,
-place a filesytem-agnostic git symbolic link there, pointing to the
-specified git path, and initialize a git repository at the path. The
-result is git repository can be separated from working tree. If this
+place a filesytem-agnostic Git symbolic link there, pointing to the
+specified path, and initialize a Git repository at the path. The
+result is Git repository can be separated from working tree. If this
is reinitialization, the repository will be moved to the specified
path.
--shared[=(false|true|umask|group|all|world|everybody|0xxx)]::
-Specify that the git repository is to be shared amongst several users. This
+Specify that the Git repository is to be shared amongst several users. This
allows users belonging to the same group to push into that
repository. When specified, the config variable "core.sharedRepository" is
set so that files and directories under `$GIT_DIR` are created with the
-requested permissions. When not specified, git will use permissions reported
+requested permissions. When not specified, Git will use permissions reported
by umask(2).
The option can have the following values, defaulting to 'group' if no value
@@ -130,7 +130,7 @@ The suggested patterns and hook files are all modifiable and extensible.
EXAMPLES
--------
-Start a new git repository for an existing code base::
+Start a new Git repository for an existing code base::
+
----------------
$ cd /path/to/my/codebase
diff --git a/Documentation/git-log.txt b/Documentation/git-log.txt
index 1f90620..a976534 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-log.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-log.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-log - Show commit logs
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git log' [<options>] [<since>..<until>] [[\--] <path>...]
+'git log' [<options>] [<revision range>] [[\--] <path>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -24,17 +24,6 @@ each commit introduces are shown.
OPTIONS
-------
--<n>::
- Limits the number of commits to show.
- Note that this is a commit limiting option, see below.
-
-<since>..<until>::
- Show only commits between the named two commits. When
- either <since> or <until> is omitted, it defaults to
- `HEAD`, i.e. the tip of the current branch.
- For a more complete list of ways to spell <since>
- and <until>, see linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
-
--follow::
Continue listing the history of a file beyond renames
(works only for a single file).
@@ -51,6 +40,11 @@ OPTIONS
Print out the ref name given on the command line by which each
commit was reached.
+--use-mailmap::
+ Use mailmap file to map author and committer names and email
+ to canonical real names and email addresses. See
+ linkgit:git-shortlog[1].
+
--full-diff::
Without this flag, "git log -p <path>..." shows commits that
touch the specified paths, and diffs about the same specified
@@ -63,19 +57,28 @@ produced by --stat etc.
--log-size::
Before the log message print out its size in bytes. Intended
- mainly for porcelain tools consumption. If git is unable to
+ mainly for porcelain tools consumption. If Git is unable to
produce a valid value size is set to zero.
Note that only message is considered, if also a diff is shown
its size is not included.
+<revision range>::
+ Show only commits in the specified revision range. When no
+ <revision range> is specified, it defaults to `HEAD` (i.e. the
+ whole history leading to the current commit). `origin..HEAD`
+ specifies all the commits reachable from the current commit
+ (i.e. `HEAD`), but not from `origin`. For a complete list of
+ ways to spell <revision range>, see the "Specifying Ranges"
+ section of linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
+
[\--] <path>...::
Show only commits that are enough to explain how the files
that match the specified paths came to be. See "History
Simplification" below for details and other simplification
modes.
+
-To prevent confusion with options and branch names, paths may need to
-be prefixed with "\-- " to separate them from options or refnames.
+Paths may need to be prefixed with "\-- " to separate them from
+options or the revision range, when confusion arises.
include::rev-list-options.txt[]
@@ -137,6 +140,8 @@ Examples
This makes sense only when following a strict policy of merging all
topic branches when staying on a single integration branch.
+`git log -3`::
+ Limits the number of commits to show to 3.
Discussion
----------
@@ -169,7 +174,7 @@ log.showroot::
`git log -p` output would be shown without a diff attached.
The default is `true`.
-mailmap.file::
+mailmap.*::
See linkgit:git-shortlog[1].
notes.displayRef::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
index 4b28292..c0856a6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
@@ -92,7 +92,7 @@ OPTIONS
directory and its subdirectories in <file>.
--exclude-standard::
- Add the standard git exclusions: .git/info/exclude, .gitignore
+ Add the standard Git exclusions: .git/info/exclude, .gitignore
in each directory, and the user's global exclusion file.
--error-unmatch::
@@ -164,7 +164,7 @@ which case it outputs:
'git ls-files --unmerged' and 'git ls-files --stage' can be used to examine
detailed information on unmerged paths.
-For an unmerged path, instead of recording a single mode/SHA1 pair,
+For an unmerged path, instead of recording a single mode/SHA-1 pair,
the index records up to three such pairs; one from tree O in stage
1, A in stage 2, and B in stage 3. This information can be used by
the user (or the porcelain) to see what should eventually be recorded at the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
index 7a9b86a..774de5e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
@@ -42,6 +42,11 @@ OPTIONS
it successfully talked with the remote repository, whether it
found any matching refs.
+--get-url::
+ Expand the URL of the given remote repository taking into account any
+ "url.<base>.insteadOf" config setting (See linkgit:git-config[1]) and
+ exit without talking to the remote.
+
<repository>::
Location of the repository. The shorthand defined in
$GIT_DIR/branches/ can be used. Use "." (dot) to list references in
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
index 97e7a8e..164a3c6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-mailinfo - Extracts patch and authorship from a single e-mail message
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git mailinfo' [-k|-b] [-u | --encoding=<encoding> | -n] [--scissors] <msg> <patch>
+'git mailinfo' [-k|-b] [-u | --encoding=<encoding> | -n] [--[no-]scissors] <msg> <patch>
DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt
index b295bf8..87842e3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[verse]
'git merge-base' [-a|--all] <commit> <commit>...
'git merge-base' [-a|--all] --octopus <commit>...
+'git merge-base' --is-ancestor <commit> <commit>
'git merge-base' --independent <commit>...
DESCRIPTION
@@ -50,6 +51,12 @@ from linkgit:git-show-branch[1] when used with the `--merge-base` option.
from any other. This mimics the behavior of 'git show-branch
--independent'.
+--is-ancestor::
+ Check if the first <commit> is an ancestor of the second <commit>,
+ and exit with status 0 if true, or with status 1 if not.
+ Errors are signaled by a non-zero status that is not 1.
+
+
OPTIONS
-------
-a::
@@ -110,6 +117,27 @@ both '1' and '2' are merge-bases of A and B. Neither one is better than
the other (both are 'best' merge bases). When the `--all` option is not given,
it is unspecified which best one is output.
+A common idiom to check "fast-forward-ness" between two commits A
+and B is (or at least used to be) to compute the merge base between
+A and B, and check if it is the same as A, in which case, A is an
+ancestor of B. You will see this idiom used often in older scripts.
+
+ A=$(git rev-parse --verify A)
+ if test "$A" = "$(git merge-base A B)"
+ then
+ ... A is an ancestor of B ...
+ fi
+
+In modern git, you can say this in a more direct way:
+
+ if git merge-base --is-ancestor A B
+ then
+ ... A is an ancestor of B ...
+ fi
+
+instead.
+
+
See also
--------
linkgit:git-rev-list[1],
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt
index e0df1b3..02676fb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
This looks up the <file>(s) in the index and, if there are any merge
-entries, passes the SHA1 hash for those files as arguments 1, 2, 3 (empty
+entries, passes the SHA-1 hash for those files as arguments 1, 2, 3 (empty
argument if no file), and <file> as argument 4. File modes for the three
files are passed as arguments 5, 6 and 7.
@@ -41,13 +41,13 @@ If 'git merge-index' is called with multiple <file>s (or -a) then it
processes them in turn only stopping if merge returns a non-zero exit
code.
-Typically this is run with a script calling git's imitation of
+Typically this is run with a script calling Git's imitation of
the 'merge' command from the RCS package.
A sample script called 'git merge-one-file' is included in the
distribution.
-ALERT ALERT ALERT! The git "merge object order" is different from the
+ALERT ALERT ALERT! The Git "merge object order" is different from the
RCS 'merge' program merge object order. In the above ordering, the
original is first. But the argument order to the 3-way merge program
'merge' is to have the original in the middle. Don't ask me why.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge.txt b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
index 20f9228..67ca99c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
@@ -76,8 +76,7 @@ The 'git fmt-merge-msg' command can be
used to give a good default for automated 'git merge'
invocations.
---rerere-autoupdate::
---no-rerere-autoupdate::
+--[no-]rerere-autoupdate::
Allow the rerere mechanism to update the index with the
result of auto-conflict resolution if possible.
@@ -99,7 +98,7 @@ commit or stash your changes before running 'git merge'.
more than two parents (affectionately called an Octopus merge).
+
If no commit is given from the command line, and if `merge.defaultToUpstream`
-configuration variable is set, merge the remote tracking branches
+configuration variable is set, merge the remote-tracking branches
that the current branch is configured to use as its upstream.
See also the configuration section of this manual page.
@@ -170,6 +169,30 @@ happens:
If you tried a merge which resulted in complex conflicts and
want to start over, you can recover with `git merge --abort`.
+MERGING TAG
+-----------
+
+When merging an annotated (and possibly signed) tag, Git always
+creates a merge commit even if a fast-forward merge is possible, and
+the commit message template is prepared with the tag message.
+Additionally, if the tag is signed, the signature check is reported
+as a comment in the message template. See also linkgit:git-tag[1].
+
+When you want to just integrate with the work leading to the commit
+that happens to be tagged, e.g. synchronizing with an upstream
+release point, you may not want to make an unnecessary merge commit.
+
+In such a case, you can "unwrap" the tag yourself before feeding it
+to `git merge`, or pass `--ff-only` when you do not have any work on
+your own. e.g.
+
+---
+git fetch origin
+git merge v1.2.3^0
+git merge --ff-only v1.2.3
+---
+
+
HOW CONFLICTS ARE PRESENTED
---------------------------
@@ -178,10 +201,10 @@ of the merge. Among the changes made to the common ancestor's version,
non-overlapping ones (that is, you changed an area of the file while the
other side left that area intact, or vice versa) are incorporated in the
final result verbatim. When both sides made changes to the same area,
-however, git cannot randomly pick one side over the other, and asks you to
+however, Git cannot randomly pick one side over the other, and asks you to
resolve it by leaving what both sides did to that area.
-By default, git uses the same style as the one used by the "merge" program
+By default, Git uses the same style as the one used by the "merge" program
from the RCS suite to present such a conflicted hunk, like this:
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mergetool--lib.txt b/Documentation/git-mergetool--lib.txt
index f98a41b..055550b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mergetool--lib.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mergetool--lib.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-mergetool{litdd}lib(1)
NAME
----
-git-mergetool--lib - Common git merge tool shell scriptlets
+git-mergetool--lib - Common Git merge tool shell scriptlets
SYNOPSIS
--------
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ Porcelain-ish scripts and/or are writing new ones.
The 'git-mergetool{litdd}lib' scriptlet is designed to be sourced (using
`.`) by other shell scripts to set up functions for working
-with git merge tools.
+with Git merge tools.
Before sourcing 'git-mergetool{litdd}lib', your script must set `TOOL_MODE`
to define the operation mode for the functions listed below.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt b/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
index d7207bd..07137f2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-mergetool - Run merge conflict resolution tools to resolve merge conflicts
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git mergetool' [--tool=<tool>] [-y|--no-prompt|--prompt] [<file>...]
+'git mergetool' [--tool=<tool>] [-y | --[no-]prompt] [<file>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -64,6 +64,9 @@ variable `mergetool.<tool>.trustExitCode` can be set to `true`.
Otherwise, 'git mergetool' will prompt the user to indicate the
success of the resolution after the custom tool has exited.
+--tool-help::
+ Print a list of merge tools that may be used with `--tool`.
+
-y::
--no-prompt::
Don't prompt before each invocation of the merge resolution
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mktag.txt b/Documentation/git-mktag.txt
index 65e167a..3ca158b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mktag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mktag.txt
@@ -28,9 +28,9 @@ A tag signature file has a very simple fixed format: four lines of
tagger <tagger>
followed by some 'optional' free-form message (some tags created
-by older git may not have `tagger` line). The message, when
+by older Git may not have `tagger` line). The message, when
exists, is separated by a blank line from the header. The
-message part may contain a signature that git itself doesn't
+message part may contain a signature that Git itself doesn't
care about, but that can be verified with gpg.
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mv.txt b/Documentation/git-mv.txt
index e3c8448..e93fcb4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mv.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mv.txt
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ OPTIONS
-k::
Skip move or rename actions which would lead to an error
condition. An error happens when a source is neither existing nor
- controlled by GIT, or when it would overwrite an existing
+ controlled by Git, or when it would overwrite an existing
file unless '-f' is given.
-n::
--dry-run::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-notes.txt b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
index b95aafa..46ef046 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-notes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-notes.txt
@@ -39,6 +39,10 @@ message stored in the commit object, the notes are indented like the
message, after an unindented line saying "Notes (<refname>):" (or
"Notes:" for `refs/notes/commits`).
+Notes can also be added to patches prepared with `git format-patch` by
+using the `--notes` option. Such notes are added as a patch commentary
+after a three dash separator line.
+
To change which notes are shown by 'git log', see the
"notes.displayRef" configuration in linkgit:git-log[1].
diff --git a/Documentation/git-p4.txt b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
index fe1f49b..c579fbc 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-p4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
@@ -18,13 +18,13 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
This command provides a way to interact with p4 repositories
-using git.
+using Git.
-Create a new git repository from an existing p4 repository using
+Create a new Git repository from an existing p4 repository using
'git p4 clone', giving it one or more p4 depot paths. Incorporate
new commits from p4 changes with 'git p4 sync'. The 'sync' command
is also used to include new branches from other p4 depot paths.
-Submit git changes back to p4 using 'git p4 submit'. The command
+Submit Git changes back to p4 using 'git p4 submit'. The command
'git p4 rebase' does a sync plus rebases the current branch onto
the updated p4 remote branch.
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ EXAMPLE
$ git p4 clone //depot/path/project
------------
-* Do some work in the newly created git repository:
+* Do some work in the newly created Git repository:
+
------------
$ cd project
@@ -45,7 +45,7 @@ $ vi foo.h
$ git commit -a -m "edited foo.h"
------------
-* Update the git repository with recent changes from p4, rebasing your
+* Update the Git repository with recent changes from p4, rebasing your
work on top:
+
------------
@@ -64,21 +64,21 @@ COMMANDS
Clone
~~~~~
-Generally, 'git p4 clone' is used to create a new git directory
+Generally, 'git p4 clone' is used to create a new Git directory
from an existing p4 repository:
------------
$ git p4 clone //depot/path/project
------------
This:
-1. Creates an empty git repository in a subdirectory called 'project'.
+1. Creates an empty Git repository in a subdirectory called 'project'.
+
2. Imports the full contents of the head revision from the given p4
-depot path into a single commit in the git branch 'refs/remotes/p4/master'.
+depot path into a single commit in the Git branch 'refs/remotes/p4/master'.
+
3. Creates a local branch, 'master' from this remote and checks it out.
-To reproduce the entire p4 history in git, use the '@all' modifier on
+To reproduce the entire p4 history in Git, use the '@all' modifier on
the depot path:
------------
$ git p4 clone //depot/path/project@all
@@ -88,13 +88,13 @@ $ git p4 clone //depot/path/project@all
Sync
~~~~
As development continues in the p4 repository, those changes can
-be included in the git repository using:
+be included in the Git repository using:
------------
$ git p4 sync
------------
-This command finds new changes in p4 and imports them as git commits.
+This command finds new changes in p4 and imports them as Git commits.
-P4 repositories can be added to an existing git repository using
+P4 repositories can be added to an existing Git repository using
'git p4 sync' too:
------------
$ mkdir repo-git
@@ -103,14 +103,19 @@ $ git init
$ git p4 sync //path/in/your/perforce/depot
------------
This imports the specified depot into
-'refs/remotes/p4/master' in an existing git repository. The
+'refs/remotes/p4/master' in an existing Git repository. The
'--branch' option can be used to specify a different branch to
be used for the p4 content.
-If a git repository includes branches 'refs/remotes/origin/p4', these
+If a Git repository includes branches 'refs/remotes/origin/p4', these
will be fetched and consulted first during a 'git p4 sync'. Since
importing directly from p4 is considerably slower than pulling changes
-from a git remote, this can be useful in a multi-developer environment.
+from a Git remote, this can be useful in a multi-developer environment.
+
+If there are multiple branches, doing 'git p4 sync' will automatically
+use the "BRANCH DETECTION" algorithm to try to partition new changes
+into the right branch. This can be overridden with the '--branch'
+option to specify just a single branch to update.
Rebase
@@ -127,13 +132,13 @@ $ git p4 rebase
Submit
~~~~~~
-Submitting changes from a git repository back to the p4 repository
+Submitting changes from a Git repository back to the p4 repository
requires a separate p4 client workspace. This should be specified
-using the 'P4CLIENT' environment variable or the git configuration
+using the 'P4CLIENT' environment variable or the Git configuration
variable 'git-p4.client'. The p4 client must exist, but the client root
will be created and populated if it does not already exist.
-To submit all changes that are in the current git branch but not in
+To submit all changes that are in the current Git branch but not in
the 'p4/master' branch, use:
------------
$ git p4 submit
@@ -149,7 +154,7 @@ be overridden using the '--origin=' command-line option.
The p4 changes will be created as the user invoking 'git p4 submit'. The
'--preserve-user' option will cause ownership to be modified
-according to the author of the git commit. This option requires admin
+according to the author of the Git commit. This option requires admin
privileges in p4, which can be granted using 'p4 protect'.
@@ -163,7 +168,7 @@ All commands except clone accept these options.
--git-dir <dir>::
Set the 'GIT_DIR' environment variable. See linkgit:git[1].
---verbose::
+--verbose, -v::
Provide more progress information.
Sync options
@@ -173,12 +178,14 @@ subsequent 'sync' operations.
--branch <branch>::
Import changes into given branch. If the branch starts with
- 'refs/', it will be used as is, otherwise the path 'refs/heads/'
- will be prepended. The default branch is 'master'. If used
- with an initial clone, no HEAD will be checked out.
+ 'refs/', it will be used as is. Otherwise if it does not start
+ with 'p4/', that prefix is added. The branch is assumed to
+ name a remote tracking, but this can be modified using
+ '--import-local', or by giving a full ref name. The default
+ branch is 'master'.
+
This example imports a new remote "p4/proj2" into an existing
-git repository:
+Git repository:
+
----
$ git init
@@ -199,11 +206,11 @@ git repository:
--detect-labels::
Query p4 for labels associated with the depot paths, and add
- them as tags in git. Limited usefulness as only imports labels
+ them as tags in Git. Limited usefulness as only imports labels
associated with new changelists. Deprecated.
--import-labels::
- Import labels from p4 into git.
+ Import labels from p4 into Git.
--import-local::
By default, p4 branches are stored in 'refs/remotes/p4/',
@@ -219,12 +226,12 @@ git repository:
specifier.
--keep-path::
- The mapping of file names from the p4 depot path to git, by
+ The mapping of file names from the p4 depot path to Git, by
default, involves removing the entire depot path. With this
- option, the full p4 depot path is retained in git. For example,
+ option, the full p4 depot path is retained in Git. For example,
path '//depot/main/foo/bar.c', when imported from
'//depot/main/', becomes 'foo/bar.c'. With '--keep-path', the
- git path is instead 'depot/main/foo/bar.c'.
+ Git path is instead 'depot/main/foo/bar.c'.
--use-client-spec::
Use a client spec to find the list of interesting files in p4.
@@ -236,7 +243,7 @@ These options can be used in an initial 'clone', along with the 'sync'
options described above.
--destination <directory>::
- Where to create the git repository. If not provided, the last
+ Where to create the Git repository. If not provided, the last
component in the p4 depot path is used to create a new
directory.
@@ -255,7 +262,7 @@ These options can be used to modify 'git p4 submit' behavior.
p4. By default, this is the most recent p4 commit reachable
from 'HEAD'.
--M[<n>]::
+-M::
Detect renames. See linkgit:git-diff[1]. Renames will be
represented in p4 using explicit 'move' operations. There
is no corresponding option to detect copies, but there are
@@ -266,9 +273,32 @@ These options can be used to modify 'git p4 submit' behavior.
requires p4 admin privileges.
--export-labels::
- Export tags from git as p4 labels. Tags found in git are applied
+ Export tags from Git as p4 labels. Tags found in Git are applied
to the perforce working directory.
+--dry-run, -n::
+ Show just what commits would be submitted to p4; do not change
+ state in Git or p4.
+
+--prepare-p4-only::
+ Apply a commit to the p4 workspace, opening, adding and deleting
+ files in p4 as for a normal submit operation. Do not issue the
+ final "p4 submit", but instead print a message about how to
+ submit manually or revert. This option always stops after the
+ first (oldest) commit. Git tags are not exported to p4.
+
+--conflict=(ask|skip|quit)::
+ Conflicts can occur when applying a commit to p4. When this
+ happens, the default behavior ("ask") is to prompt whether to
+ skip this commit and continue, or quit. This option can be used
+ to bypass the prompt, causing conflicting commits to be automatically
+ skipped, or to quit trying to apply commits, without prompting.
+
+--branch <branch>::
+ After submitting, sync this named branch instead of the default
+ p4/master. See the "Sync options" section above for more
+ information.
+
Rebase options
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
These options can be used to modify 'git p4 rebase' behavior.
@@ -294,12 +324,12 @@ p4 revision specifier on the end:
"//depot/proj1@all //depot/proj2@all"::
Import all changes from both named depot paths into a single
repository. Only files below these directories are included.
- There is not a subdirectory in git for each "proj1" and "proj2".
+ There is not a subdirectory in Git for each "proj1" and "proj2".
You must use the '--destination' option when specifying more
than one depot path. The revision specifier must be specified
identically on each depot path. If there are files in the
depot paths with the same name, the path with the most recently
- updated version of the file is the one that appears in git.
+ updated version of the file is the one that appears in Git.
See 'p4 help revisions' for the full syntax of p4 revision specifiers.
@@ -316,11 +346,11 @@ configuration file. This allows future 'git p4 submit' commands to
work properly; the submit command looks only at the variable and does
not have a command-line option.
-The full syntax for a p4 view is documented in 'p4 help views'. 'Git p4'
+The full syntax for a p4 view is documented in 'p4 help views'. 'git p4'
knows only a subset of the view syntax. It understands multi-line
mappings, overlays with '+', exclusions with '-' and double-quotes
around whitespace. Of the possible wildcards, 'git p4' only handles
-'...', and only when it is at the end of the path. 'Git p4' will complain
+'...', and only when it is at the end of the path. 'git p4' will complain
if it encounters an unhandled wildcard.
Bugs in the implementation of overlap mappings exist. If multiple depot
@@ -336,7 +366,7 @@ variable P4CLIENT, a file referenced by P4CONFIG, or the local host name.
BRANCH DETECTION
----------------
-P4 does not have the same concept of a branch as git. Instead,
+P4 does not have the same concept of a branch as Git. Instead,
p4 organizes its content as a directory tree, where by convention
different logical branches are in different locations in the tree.
The 'p4 branch' command is used to maintain mappings between
@@ -346,7 +376,7 @@ can use these mappings to determine branch relationships.
If you have a repository where all the branches of interest exist as
subdirectories of a single depot path, you can use '--detect-branches'
when cloning or syncing to have 'git p4' automatically find
-subdirectories in p4, and to generate these as branches in git.
+subdirectories in p4, and to generate these as branches in Git.
For example, if the P4 repository structure is:
----
@@ -368,7 +398,7 @@ called 'master', and one for //depot/branch1 called 'depot/branch1'.
However, it is not necessary to create branches in p4 to be able to use
them like branches. Because it is difficult to infer branch
-relationships automatically, a git configuration setting
+relationships automatically, a Git configuration setting
'git-p4.branchList' can be used to explicitly identify branch
relationships. It is a list of "source:destination" pairs, like a
simple p4 branch specification, where the "source" and "destination" are
@@ -376,15 +406,17 @@ the path elements in the p4 repository. The example above relied on the
presence of the p4 branch. Without p4 branches, the same result will
occur with:
----
+git init depot
+cd depot
git config git-p4.branchList main:branch1
-git p4 clone --detect-branches //depot@all
+git p4 clone --detect-branches //depot@all .
----
PERFORMANCE
-----------
The fast-import mechanism used by 'git p4' creates one pack file for
-each invocation of 'git p4 sync'. Normally, git garbage compression
+each invocation of 'git p4 sync'. Normally, Git garbage compression
(linkgit:git-gc[1]) automatically compresses these to fewer pack files,
but explicit invocation of 'git repack -adf' may improve performance.
@@ -422,9 +454,9 @@ git-p4.client::
Clone and sync variables
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
git-p4.syncFromOrigin::
- Because importing commits from other git repositories is much faster
+ Because importing commits from other Git repositories is much faster
than importing them from p4, a mechanism exists to find p4 changes
- first in git remotes. If branches exist under 'refs/remote/origin/p4',
+ first in Git remotes. If branches exist under 'refs/remote/origin/p4',
those will be fetched and used when syncing from p4. This
variable can be set to 'false' to disable this behavior.
@@ -465,16 +497,18 @@ git-p4.useClientSpec::
Submit variables
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
git-p4.detectRenames::
- Detect renames. See linkgit:git-diff[1].
+ Detect renames. See linkgit:git-diff[1]. This can be true,
+ false, or a score as expected by 'git diff -M'.
git-p4.detectCopies::
- Detect copies. See linkgit:git-diff[1].
+ Detect copies. See linkgit:git-diff[1]. This can be true,
+ false, or a score as expected by 'git diff -C'.
git-p4.detectCopiesHarder::
- Detect copies harder. See linkgit:git-diff[1].
+ Detect copies harder. See linkgit:git-diff[1]. A boolean.
git-p4.preserveUser::
- On submit, re-author changes to reflect the git author,
+ On submit, re-author changes to reflect the Git author,
regardless of who invokes 'git p4 submit'.
git-p4.allowMissingP4Users::
@@ -511,19 +545,23 @@ git-p4.attemptRCSCleanup::
present.
git-p4.exportLabels::
- Export git tags to p4 labels, as per --export-labels.
+ Export Git tags to p4 labels, as per --export-labels.
git-p4.labelExportRegexp::
Only p4 labels matching this regular expression will be exported. The
default value is '[a-zA-Z0-9_\-.]+$'.
+git-p4.conflict::
+ Specify submit behavior when a conflict with p4 is found, as per
+ --conflict. The default behavior is 'ask'.
+
IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
----------------------
-* Changesets from p4 are imported using git fast-import.
+* Changesets from p4 are imported using Git fast-import.
* Cloning or syncing does not require a p4 client; file contents are
collected using 'p4 print'.
* Submitting requires a p4 client, which is not in the same location
- as the git repository. Patches are applied, one at a time, to
+ as the Git repository. Patches are applied, one at a time, to
this p4 client and submitted from there.
* Each commit imported by 'git p4' has a line at the end of the log
message indicating the p4 depot location and change number. This
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
index 20c8551..d94edcd 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@ A pack index file (.idx) is generated for fast, random access to the
objects in the pack. Placing both the index file (.idx) and the packed
archive (.pack) in the pack/ subdirectory of $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY (or
any of the directories on $GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES)
-enables git to read from the pack archive.
+enables Git to read from the pack archive.
The 'git unpack-objects' command can read the packed archive and
expand the objects contained in the pack into "one-file
@@ -50,7 +50,7 @@ base-name::
Write into a pair of files (.pack and .idx), using
<base-name> to determine the name of the created file.
When this option is used, the two files are written in
- <base-name>-<SHA1>.{pack,idx} files. <SHA1> is a hash
+ <base-name>-<SHA-1>.{pack,idx} files. <SHA-1> is a hash
of the sorted object names to make the resulting filename
based on the pack content, and written to the standard
output of the command.
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ base-name::
--include-tag::
Include unasked-for annotated tags if the object they
reference was included in the resulting packfile. This
- can be useful to send new tags to native git clients.
+ can be useful to send new tags to native Git clients.
--window=<n>::
--depth=<n>::
@@ -185,14 +185,14 @@ base-name::
option only makes sense in conjunction with --stdout.
+
Note: A thin pack violates the packed archive format by omitting
-required objects and is thus unusable by git without making it
+required objects and is thus unusable by Git without making it
self-contained. Use `git index-pack --fix-thin`
(see linkgit:git-index-pack[1]) to restore the self-contained property.
--delta-base-offset::
A packed archive can express the base object of a delta as
either a 20-byte object name or as an offset in the
- stream, but ancient versions of git don't understand the
+ stream, but ancient versions of Git don't understand the
latter. By default, 'git pack-objects' only uses the
former format for better compatibility. This option
allows the command to use the latter format for
@@ -202,7 +202,7 @@ self-contained. Use `git index-pack --fix-thin`
+
Note: Porcelain commands such as `git gc` (see linkgit:git-gc[1]),
`git repack` (see linkgit:git-repack[1]) pass this option by default
-in modern git when they put objects in your repository into pack files.
+in modern Git when they put objects in your repository into pack files.
So does `git bundle` (see linkgit:git-bundle[1]) when it creates a bundle.
--threads=<n>::
@@ -212,7 +212,7 @@ So does `git bundle` (see linkgit:git-bundle[1]) when it creates a bundle.
This is meant to reduce packing time on multiprocessor machines.
The required amount of memory for the delta search window is
however multiplied by the number of threads.
- Specifying 0 will cause git to auto-detect the number of CPU's
+ Specifying 0 will cause Git to auto-detect the number of CPU's
and set the number of threads accordingly.
--index-version=<version>[,<offset>]::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
index 90268f0..312c3b1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-A "patch ID" is nothing but a SHA1 of the diff associated with a patch, with
+A "patch ID" is nothing but a SHA-1 of the diff associated with a patch, with
whitespace and line numbers ignored. As such, it's "reasonably stable", but at
the same time also reasonably unique, i.e., two patches that have the same "patch
ID" are almost guaranteed to be the same thing.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
index 67fa5ee..24ab07a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pull.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
@@ -59,8 +59,8 @@ and a log message from the user describing the changes.
See linkgit:git-merge[1] for details, including how conflicts
are presented and handled.
-In git 1.7.0 or later, to cancel a conflicting merge, use
-`git reset --merge`. *Warning*: In older versions of git, running 'git pull'
+In Git 1.7.0 or later, to cancel a conflicting merge, use
+`git reset --merge`. *Warning*: In older versions of Git, running 'git pull'
with uncommitted changes is discouraged: while possible, it leaves you
in a state that may be hard to back out of in the case of a conflict.
@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ must be given before the options meant for 'git fetch'.
This option controls if new commits of all populated submodules should
be fetched too (see linkgit:git-config[1] and linkgit:gitmodules[5]).
That might be necessary to get the data needed for merging submodule
- commits, a feature git learned in 1.7.3. Notice that the result of a
+ commits, a feature Git learned in 1.7.3. Notice that the result of a
merge will not be checked out in the submodule, "git submodule update"
has to be called afterwards to bring the work tree up to date with the
merge result.
@@ -218,7 +218,7 @@ $ git merge origin/next
------------------------------------------------
-If you tried a pull which resulted in a complex conflicts and
+If you tried a pull which resulted in complex conflicts and
would want to start over, you can recover with 'git reset'.
@@ -228,7 +228,7 @@ Using --recurse-submodules can only fetch new commits in already checked
out submodules right now. When e.g. upstream added a new submodule in the
just fetched commits of the superproject the submodule itself can not be
fetched, making it impossible to check out that submodule later without
-having to do a fetch again. This is expected to be fixed in a future git
+having to do a fetch again. This is expected to be fixed in a future Git
version.
SEE ALSO
diff --git a/Documentation/git-push.txt b/Documentation/git-push.txt
index cb97cc1..d514813 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-push.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-push.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-push - Update remote refs along with associated objects
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git push' [--all | --mirror | --tags] [-n | --dry-run] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
+'git push' [--all | --mirror | --tags] [--follow-tags] [-n | --dry-run] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
[--repo=<repository>] [-f | --force] [--prune] [-v | --verbose] [-u | --set-upstream]
[<repository> [<refspec>...]]
@@ -23,6 +23,17 @@ You can make interesting things happen to a repository
every time you push into it, by setting up 'hooks' there. See
documentation for linkgit:git-receive-pack[1].
+When the command line does not specify where to push with the
+`<repository>` argument, `branch.*.remote` configuration for the
+current branch is consulted to determine where to push. If the
+configuration is missing, it defaults to 'origin'.
+
+When the command line does not specify what to push with `<refspec>...`
+arguments or `--all`, `--mirror`, `--tags` options, the command finds
+the default `<refspec>` by consulting `remote.*.push` configuration,
+and if it is not found, honors `push.default` configuration to decide
+what to push (See gitlink:git-config[1] for the meaning of `push.default`).
+
OPTIONS[[OPTIONS]]
------------------
@@ -33,11 +44,10 @@ OPTIONS[[OPTIONS]]
of a remote (see the section <<REMOTES,REMOTES>> below).
<refspec>...::
+ Specify what destination ref to update with what source object.
The format of a <refspec> parameter is an optional plus
- `+`, followed by the source ref <src>, followed
+ `+`, followed by the source object <src>, followed
by a colon `:`, followed by the destination ref <dst>.
- It is used to specify with what <src> object the <dst> ref
- in the remote repository is to be updated.
+
The <src> is often the name of the branch you would want to push, but
it can be any arbitrary "SHA-1 expression", such as `master~4` or
@@ -49,10 +59,11 @@ be named. If `:`<dst> is omitted, the same ref as <src> will be
updated.
+
The object referenced by <src> is used to update the <dst> reference
-on the remote side, but by default this is only allowed if the
-update can fast-forward <dst>. By having the optional leading `+`,
-you can tell git to update the <dst> ref even when the update is not a
-fast-forward. This does *not* attempt to merge <src> into <dst>. See
+on the remote side. By default this is only allowed if <dst> is not
+a tag (annotated or lightweight), and then only if it can fast-forward
+<dst>. By having the optional leading `+`, you can tell Git to update
+the <dst> ref even if it is not allowed by default (e.g., it is not a
+fast-forward.) This does *not* attempt to merge <src> into <dst>. See
EXAMPLES below for details.
+
`tag <tag>` means the same as `refs/tags/<tag>:refs/tags/<tag>`.
@@ -61,11 +72,9 @@ Pushing an empty <src> allows you to delete the <dst> ref from
the remote repository.
+
The special refspec `:` (or `+:` to allow non-fast-forward updates)
-directs git to push "matching" branches: for every branch that exists on
+directs Git to push "matching" branches: for every branch that exists on
the local side, the remote side is updated if a branch of the same name
-already exists on the remote side. This is the default operation mode
-if no explicit refspec is found (that is neither on the command line
-nor in any Push line of the corresponding remotes file---see below).
+already exists on the remote side.
--all::
Instead of naming each ref to push, specifies that all
@@ -108,6 +117,12 @@ nor in any Push line of the corresponding remotes file---see below).
addition to refspecs explicitly listed on the command
line.
+--follow-tags::
+ Push all the refs that would be pushed without this option,
+ and also push annotated tags in `refs/tags` that are missing
+ from the remote but are pointing at committish that are
+ reachable from the refs being pushed.
+
--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>::
--exec=<git-receive-pack>::
Path to the 'git-receive-pack' program on the remote
@@ -147,8 +162,7 @@ useful if you write an alias or script around 'git push'.
linkgit:git-pull[1] and other commands. For more information,
see 'branch.<name>.merge' in linkgit:git-config[1].
---thin::
---no-thin::
+--[no-]thin::
These options are passed to linkgit:git-send-pack[1]. A thin transfer
significantly reduces the amount of sent data when the sender and
receiver share many of the same objects in common. The default is
@@ -172,8 +186,8 @@ useful if you write an alias or script around 'git push'.
--recurse-submodules=check|on-demand::
Make sure all submodule commits used by the revisions to be
- pushed are available on a remote tracking branch. If 'check' is
- used git will verify that all submodule commits that changed in
+ pushed are available on a remote-tracking branch. If 'check' is
+ used Git will verify that all submodule commits that changed in
the revisions to be pushed are available on at least one remote
of the submodule. If any commits are missing the push will be
aborted and exit with non-zero status. If 'on-demand' is used
@@ -188,7 +202,7 @@ OUTPUT
------
The output of "git push" depends on the transport method used; this
-section describes the output when pushing over the git protocol (either
+section describes the output when pushing over the Git protocol (either
locally or via ssh).
The status of the push is output in tabular form, with each line
@@ -283,7 +297,8 @@ leading to commit A. The history looks like this:
----------------
Further suppose that the other person already pushed changes leading to A
-back to the original repository you two obtained the original commit X.
+back to the original repository from which you two obtained the original
+commit X.
The push done by the other person updated the branch that used to point at
commit X to point at commit A. It is a fast-forward.
@@ -357,7 +372,8 @@ Examples
`git push origin :`.
+
The default behavior of this command when no <refspec> is given can be
-configured by setting the `push` option of the remote.
+configured by setting the `push` option of the remote, or the `push.default`
+configuration variable.
+
For example, to default to pushing only the current branch to `origin`
use `git config remote.origin.push HEAD`. Any valid <refspec> (like
@@ -380,11 +396,23 @@ the ones in the examples below) can be configured as the default for
A handy way to push the current branch to the same name on the
remote.
-`git push origin master:satellite/master dev:satellite/dev`::
+`git push mothership master:satellite/master dev:satellite/dev`::
Use the source ref that matches `master` (e.g. `refs/heads/master`)
to update the ref that matches `satellite/master` (most probably
- `refs/remotes/satellite/master`) in the `origin` repository, then
+ `refs/remotes/satellite/master`) in the `mothership` repository;
do the same for `dev` and `satellite/dev`.
++
+This is to emulate `git fetch` run on the `mothership` using `git
+push` that is run in the opposite direction in order to integrate
+the work done on `satellite`, and is often necessary when you can
+only make connection in one way (i.e. satellite can ssh into
+mothership but mothership cannot initiate connection to satellite
+because the latter is behind a firewall or does not run sshd).
++
+After running this `git push` on the `satellite` machine, you would
+ssh into the `mothership` and run `git merge` there to complete the
+emulation of `git pull` that were run on `mothership` to pull changes
+made on `satellite`.
`git push origin HEAD:master`::
Push the current branch to the remote ref matching `master` in the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt b/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
index 7f112f3..a356196 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Applies a quilt patchset onto the current git branch, preserving
+Applies a quilt patchset onto the current Git branch, preserving
the patch boundaries, patch order, and patch descriptions present
in the quilt patchset.
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ the patch description is displayed and the user is asked to
interactively enter the author of the patch.
If a subject is not found in the patch description the patch name is
-preserved as the 1 line subject in the git description.
+preserved as the 1 line subject in the Git description.
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
index feb51a6..aca8405 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
@@ -8,11 +8,11 @@ git-rebase - Forward-port local commits to the updated upstream head
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git rebase' [-i | --interactive] [options] [--onto <newbase>]
+'git rebase' [-i | --interactive] [options] [--exec <cmd>] [--onto <newbase>]
[<upstream>] [<branch>]
-'git rebase' [-i | --interactive] [options] --onto <newbase>
+'git rebase' [-i | --interactive] [options] [--exec <cmd>] [--onto <newbase>]
--root [<branch>]
-'git rebase' --continue | --skip | --abort
+'git rebase' --continue | --skip | --abort | --edit-todo
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -179,7 +179,7 @@ parameter can be any valid commit-ish.
In case of conflict, 'git rebase' will stop at the first problematic commit
and leave conflict markers in the tree. You can use 'git diff' to locate
the markers (<<<<<<) and make edits to resolve the conflict. For each
-file you edit, you need to tell git that the conflict has been resolved,
+file you edit, you need to tell Git that the conflict has been resolved,
typically this would be done with
@@ -210,7 +210,7 @@ rebase.autosquash::
OPTIONS
-------
-<newbase>::
+--onto <newbase>::
Starting point at which to create the new commits. If the
--onto option is not specified, the starting point is
<upstream>. May be any valid commit, and not just an
@@ -245,6 +245,9 @@ leave out at most one of A and B, in which case it defaults to HEAD.
--skip::
Restart the rebasing process by skipping the current patch.
+--edit-todo::
+ Edit the todo list during an interactive rebase.
+
-m::
--merge::
Use merging strategies to rebase. When the recursive (default) merge
@@ -344,14 +347,36 @@ This uses the `--interactive` machinery internally, but combining it
with the `--interactive` option explicitly is generally not a good
idea unless you know what you are doing (see BUGS below).
+-x <cmd>::
+--exec <cmd>::
+ Append "exec <cmd>" after each line creating a commit in the
+ final history. <cmd> will be interpreted as one or more shell
+ commands.
++
+This option can only be used with the `--interactive` option
+(see INTERACTIVE MODE below).
++
+You may execute several commands by either using one instance of `--exec`
+with several commands:
++
+ git rebase -i --exec "cmd1 && cmd2 && ..."
++
+or by giving more than one `--exec`:
++
+ git rebase -i --exec "cmd1" --exec "cmd2" --exec ...
++
+If `--autosquash` is used, "exec" lines will not be appended for
+the intermediate commits, and will only appear at the end of each
+squash/fixup series.
--root::
Rebase all commits reachable from <branch>, instead of
limiting them with an <upstream>. This allows you to rebase
- the root commit(s) on a branch. Must be used with --onto, and
+ the root commit(s) on a branch. When used with --onto, it
will skip changes already contained in <newbase> (instead of
- <upstream>). When used together with --preserve-merges, 'all'
- root commits will be rewritten to have <newbase> as parent
+ <upstream>) whereas without --onto it will operate on every change.
+ When used together with both --onto and --preserve-merges,
+ 'all' root commits will be rewritten to have <newbase> as parent
instead.
--autosquash::
@@ -521,6 +546,24 @@ in `$SHELL`, or the default shell if `$SHELL` is not set), so you can
use shell features (like "cd", ">", ";" ...). The command is run from
the root of the working tree.
+----------------------------------
+$ git rebase -i --exec "make test"
+----------------------------------
+
+This command lets you check that intermediate commits are compilable.
+The todo list becomes like that:
+
+--------------------
+pick 5928aea one
+exec make test
+pick 04d0fda two
+exec make test
+pick ba46169 three
+exec make test
+pick f4593f9 four
+exec make test
+--------------------
+
SPLITTING COMMITS
-----------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
index 7fe2d22..70791b9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@ The reflog will cover all recent actions (HEAD reflog records branch switching
as well). It is an alias for `git log -g --abbrev-commit --pretty=oneline`;
see linkgit:git-log[1].
-The reflog is useful in various git commands, to specify the old value
+The reflog is useful in various Git commands, to specify the old value
of a reference. For example, `HEAD@{2}` means "where HEAD used to be
two moves ago", `master@{one.week.ago}` means "where master used to
point to one week ago", and so on. See linkgit:gitrevisions[7] for
@@ -67,14 +67,19 @@ them.
--expire=<time>::
Entries older than this time are pruned. Without the
option it is taken from configuration `gc.reflogExpire`,
- which in turn defaults to 90 days.
+ which in turn defaults to 90 days. --expire=all prunes
+ entries regardless of their age; --expire=never turns off
+ pruning of reachable entries (but see --expire-unreachable).
--expire-unreachable=<time>::
Entries older than this time and not reachable from
the current tip of the branch are pruned. Without the
option it is taken from configuration
`gc.reflogExpireUnreachable`, which in turn defaults to
- 30 days.
+ 30 days. --expire-unreachable=all prunes unreachable
+ entries regardless of their age; --expire-unreachable=never
+ turns off early pruning of unreachable entries (but see
+ --expire).
--all::
Instead of listing <refs> explicitly, prune all refs.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt b/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
index 8a8e1d7..8cfc748 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ git remote add <nick> "ext::<command>[ <arguments>...]"
DESCRIPTION
-----------
This remote helper uses the specified '<command>' to connect
-to a remote git server.
+to a remote Git server.
Data written to stdin of the specified '<command>' is assumed
to be sent to a git:// server, git-upload-pack, git-receive-pack
@@ -33,12 +33,12 @@ The following sequences have a special meaning:
'%s'::
Replaced with name (receive-pack, upload-pack, or
- upload-archive) of the service git wants to invoke.
+ upload-archive) of the service Git wants to invoke.
'%S'::
Replaced with long name (git-receive-pack,
git-upload-pack, or git-upload-archive) of the service
- git wants to invoke.
+ Git wants to invoke.
'%G' (must be the first characters in an argument)::
This argument will not be passed to '<command>'. Instead, it
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ GIT_EXT_SERVICE_NOPREFIX::
EXAMPLES:
---------
-This remote helper is transparently used by git when
+This remote helper is transparently used by Git when
you use commands such as "git fetch <URL>", "git clone <URL>",
, "git push <URL>" or "git remote add <nick> <URL>", where <URL>
begins with `ext::`. Examples:
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ begins with `ext::`. Examples:
edit .ssh/config.
"ext::socat -t3600 - ABSTRACT-CONNECT:/git-server %G/somerepo"::
- Represents repository with path /somerepo accessable over
+ Represents repository with path /somerepo accessible over
git protocol at abstract namespace address /git-server.
"ext::git-server-alias foo %G/repo"::
@@ -100,14 +100,14 @@ begins with `ext::`. Examples:
Represents a repository with path /repo accessed using the
helper program "git-server-alias foo". The hostname for the
remote server passed in the protocol stream will be "foo"
- (this allows multiple virtual git servers to share a
+ (this allows multiple virtual Git servers to share a
link-level address).
"ext::git-server-alias foo %G/repo% with% spaces %Vfoo"::
Represents a repository with path '/repo with spaces' accessed
using the helper program "git-server-alias foo". The hostname for
the remote server passed in the protocol stream will be "foo"
- (this allows multiple virtual git servers to share a
+ (this allows multiple virtual Git servers to share a
link-level address).
"ext::git-ssl foo.example /bar"::
@@ -118,7 +118,7 @@ begins with `ext::`. Examples:
Documentation
--------------
-Documentation by Ilari Liusvaara, Jonathan Nieder and the git list
+Documentation by Ilari Liusvaara, Jonathan Nieder and the Git list
<git@vger.kernel.org>
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt b/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
index f095d57..933c2ad 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-fd.txt
@@ -11,14 +11,14 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-This helper uses specified file descriptors to connect to a remote git server.
+This helper uses specified file descriptors to connect to a remote Git server.
This is not meant for end users but for programs and scripts calling git
fetch, push or archive.
If only <infd> is given, it is assumed to be a bidirectional socket connected
-to remote git server (git-upload-pack, git-receive-pack or
+to remote Git server (git-upload-pack, git-receive-pack or
git-upload-achive). If both <infd> and <outfd> are given, they are assumed
-to be pipes connected to a remote git server (<infd> being the inbound pipe
+to be pipes connected to a remote Git server (<infd> being the inbound pipe
and <outfd> being the outbound pipe.
It is assumed that any handshaking procedures have already been completed
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ EXAMPLES
Documentation
--------------
-Documentation by Ilari Liusvaara and the git list <git@vger.kernel.org>
+Documentation by Ilari Liusvaara and the Git list <git@vger.kernel.org>
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-helpers.txto b/Documentation/git-remote-helpers.txto
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..49233f5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-helpers.txto
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+git-remote-helpers
+==================
+
+This document has been moved to linkgit:gitremote-helpers[1].
+
+Please let the owners of the referring site know so that they can update the
+link you clicked to get here.
+
+Thanks.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-testgit.txt b/Documentation/git-remote-testgit.txt
index 2a67d45..f791d73 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote-testgit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-testgit.txt
@@ -19,11 +19,11 @@ testcase for the remote-helper functionality, and as an example to
show remote-helper authors one possible implementation.
The best way to learn more is to read the comments and source code in
-'git-remote-testgit.py'.
+'git-remote-testgit'.
SEE ALSO
--------
-linkgit:git-remote-helpers[1]
+linkgit:gitremote-helpers[1]
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
index a308f4c..581bb4c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
@@ -10,16 +10,16 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git remote' [-v | --verbose]
-'git remote add' [-t <branch>] [-m <master>] [-f] [--tags|--no-tags] [--mirror=<fetch|push>] <name> <url>
+'git remote add' [-t <branch>] [-m <master>] [-f] [--[no-]tags] [--mirror=<fetch|push>] <name> <url>
'git remote rename' <old> <new>
-'git remote rm' <name>
+'git remote remove' <name>
'git remote set-head' <name> (-a | -d | <branch>)
'git remote set-branches' [--add] <name> <branch>...
'git remote set-url' [--push] <name> <newurl> [<oldurl>]
'git remote set-url --add' [--push] <name> <newurl>
'git remote set-url --delete' [--push] <name> <url>
-'git remote' [-v | --verbose] 'show' [-n] <name>
-'git remote prune' [-n | --dry-run] <name>
+'git remote' [-v | --verbose] 'show' [-n] <name>...
+'git remote prune' [-n | --dry-run] <name>...
'git remote' [-v | --verbose] 'update' [-p | --prune] [(<group> | <remote>)...]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -85,6 +85,7 @@ In case <old> and <new> are the same, and <old> is a file under
`$GIT_DIR/remotes` or `$GIT_DIR/branches`, the remote is converted to
the configuration file format.
+'remove'::
'rm'::
Remove the remote named <name>. All remote-tracking branches and
diff --git a/Documentation/git-replace.txt b/Documentation/git-replace.txt
index 51131d0..e0b4057 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-replace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-replace.txt
@@ -16,13 +16,13 @@ DESCRIPTION
-----------
Adds a 'replace' reference in `refs/replace/` namespace.
-The name of the 'replace' reference is the SHA1 of the object that is
-replaced. The content of the 'replace' reference is the SHA1 of the
+The name of the 'replace' reference is the SHA-1 of the object that is
+replaced. The content of the 'replace' reference is the SHA-1 of the
replacement object.
Unless `-f` is given, the 'replace' reference must not yet exist.
-Replacement references will be used by default by all git commands
+Replacement references will be used by default by all Git commands
except those doing reachability traversal (prune, pack transfer and
fsck).
diff --git a/Documentation/git-reset.txt b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
index 117e374..a404b47 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reset.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
@@ -8,20 +8,20 @@ git-reset - Reset current HEAD to the specified state
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git reset' [-q] [<commit>] [--] <paths>...
-'git reset' (--patch | -p) [<commit>] [--] [<paths>...]
-'git reset' (--soft | --mixed | --hard | --merge | --keep) [-q] [<commit>]
+'git reset' [-q] [<tree-ish>] [--] <paths>...
+'git reset' (--patch | -p) [<tree-sh>] [--] [<paths>...]
+'git reset' [--soft | --mixed | --hard | --merge | --keep] [-q] [<commit>]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-In the first and second form, copy entries from <commit> to the index.
+In the first and second form, copy entries from <tree-ish> to the index.
In the third form, set the current branch head (HEAD) to <commit>, optionally
-modifying index and working tree to match. The <commit> defaults to HEAD
-in all forms.
+modifying index and working tree to match. The <tree-ish>/<commit> defaults
+to HEAD in all forms.
-'git reset' [-q] [<commit>] [--] <paths>...::
+'git reset' [-q] [<tree-ish>] [--] <paths>...::
This form resets the index entries for all <paths> to their
- state at <commit>. (It does not affect the working tree, nor
+ state at <tree-ish>. (It does not affect the working tree, nor
the current branch.)
+
This means that `git reset <paths>` is the opposite of `git add
@@ -34,20 +34,20 @@ Alternatively, using linkgit:git-checkout[1] and specifying a commit, you
can copy the contents of a path out of a commit to the index and to the
working tree in one go.
-'git reset' (--patch | -p) [<commit>] [--] [<paths>...]::
+'git reset' (--patch | -p) [<tree-ish>] [--] [<paths>...]::
Interactively select hunks in the difference between the index
- and <commit> (defaults to HEAD). The chosen hunks are applied
+ and <tree-ish> (defaults to HEAD). The chosen hunks are applied
in reverse to the index.
+
This means that `git reset -p` is the opposite of `git add -p`, i.e.
you can use it to selectively reset hunks. See the ``Interactive Mode''
section of linkgit:git-add[1] to learn how to operate the `--patch` mode.
-'git reset' --<mode> [<commit>]::
+'git reset' [<mode>] [<commit>]::
This form resets the current branch head to <commit> and
possibly updates the index (resetting it to the tree of <commit>) and
- the working tree depending on <mode>, which
- must be one of the following:
+ the working tree depending on <mode>. If <mode> is omitted,
+ defaults to "--mixed". The <mode> must be one of the following:
+
--
--soft::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
index 38fafca..65ac27e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
@@ -99,7 +99,7 @@ between the two operands. The following two commands are equivalent:
$ git rev-list A...B
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
-'rev-list' is a very essential git command, since it
+'rev-list' is a very essential Git command, since it
provides the ability to build and traverse commit ancestry graphs. For
this reason, it has a lot of different options that enables it to be
used by commands as different as 'git bisect' and
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
index 4cc3e95..947d62f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Many git porcelainish commands take mixture of flags
+Many Git porcelainish commands take mixture of flags
(i.e. parameters that begin with a dash '-') and parameters
meant for the underlying 'git rev-list' command they use internally
and flags and parameters for the other commands they use
@@ -60,8 +60,19 @@ OPTIONS
instead.
--verify::
- The parameter given must be usable as a single, valid
- object name. Otherwise barf and abort.
+ Verify that exactly one parameter is provided, and that it
+ can be turned into a raw 20-byte SHA-1 that can be used to
+ access the object database. If so, emit it to the standard
+ output; otherwise, error out.
++
+If you want to make sure that the output actually names an object in
+your object database and/or can be used as a specific type of object
+you require, you can add "^{type}" peeling operator to the parmeter.
+For example, `git rev-parse "$VAR^{commit}"` will make sure `$VAR`
+names an existing object that is a commit-ish (i.e. a commit, or an
+annotated tag that points at a commit). To make sure that `$VAR`
+names an existing object of any type, `git rev-parse "$VAR^{object}"`
+can be used.
-q::
--quiet::
@@ -84,7 +95,7 @@ OPTIONS
one.
--symbolic::
- Usually the object names are output in SHA1 form (with
+ Usually the object names are output in SHA-1 form (with
possible '{caret}' prefix); this option makes them output in a
form as close to the original input as possible.
@@ -101,6 +112,12 @@ OPTIONS
The option core.warnAmbiguousRefs is used to select the strict
abbreviation mode.
+--disambiguate=<prefix>::
+ Show every object whose name begins with the given prefix.
+ The <prefix> must be at least 4 hexadecimal digits long to
+ avoid listing each and every object in the repository by
+ mistake.
+
--all::
Show all refs found in `refs/`.
@@ -141,7 +158,7 @@ shown. If the pattern does not contain a globbing character (`?`,
relative to the current working directory.
+
If `$GIT_DIR` is not defined and the current directory
-is not detected to lie in a git repository or work tree
+is not detected to lie in a Git repository or work tree
print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
--is-inside-git-dir::
@@ -163,7 +180,7 @@ print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
--short::
--short=number::
- Instead of outputting the full SHA1 values of object names try to
+ Instead of outputting the full SHA-1 values of object names try to
abbreviate them to a shorter unique name. When no length is specified
7 is used. The minimum length is 4.
@@ -181,9 +198,11 @@ print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
Flags and parameters to be parsed.
--resolve-git-dir <path>::
- Check if <path> is a valid git-dir or a git-file pointing to a valid
- git-dir. If <path> is a valid git-dir the resolved path to git-dir will
- be printed.
+ Check if <path> is a valid repository or a gitfile that
+ points at a valid repository, and print the location of the
+ repository. If <path> is a gitfile then the resolved path
+ to the real repository is printed.
+
include::revisions.txt[]
@@ -300,12 +319,12 @@ $ git rev-parse --verify HEAD
* Print the commit object name from the revision in the $REV shell variable:
+
------------
-$ git rev-parse --verify $REV
+$ git rev-parse --verify $REV^{commit}
------------
+
This will error out if $REV is empty or not a valid revision.
-* Same as above:
+* Similar to above:
+
------------
$ git rev-parse --default master --verify $REV
diff --git a/Documentation/git-revert.txt b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
index 70152e8..f79c9d8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-revert.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-revert - Revert some existing commits
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git revert' [--edit | --no-edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] <commit>...
+'git revert' [--[no-]edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] <commit>...
'git revert' --continue
'git revert' --quit
'git revert' --abort
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rm.txt b/Documentation/git-rm.txt
index 5d31860..1d876c2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rm.txt
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ OPTIONS
-------
<file>...::
Files to remove. Fileglobs (e.g. `*.c`) can be given to
- remove all matching files. If you want git to expand
+ remove all matching files. If you want Git to expand
file glob characters, you may need to shell-escape them.
A leading directory name
(e.g. `dir` to remove `dir/file1` and `dir/file2`) can be
@@ -74,8 +74,8 @@ DISCUSSION
The <file> list given to the command can be exact pathnames,
file glob patterns, or leading directory names. The command
-removes only the paths that are known to git. Giving the name of
-a file that you have not told git about does not remove that file.
+removes only the paths that are known to Git. Giving the name of
+a file that you have not told Git about does not remove that file.
File globbing matches across directory boundaries. Thus, given
two directories `d` and `d2`, there is a difference between
@@ -134,6 +134,25 @@ use the following command:
git diff --name-only --diff-filter=D -z | xargs -0 git rm --cached
----------------
+Submodules
+~~~~~~~~~~
+Only submodules using a gitfile (which means they were cloned
+with a Git version 1.7.8 or newer) will be removed from the work
+tree, as their repository lives inside the .git directory of the
+superproject. If a submodule (or one of those nested inside it)
+still uses a .git directory, `git rm` will fail - no matter if forced
+or not - to protect the submodule's history.
+
+A submodule is considered up-to-date when the HEAD is the same as
+recorded in the index, no tracked files are modified and no untracked
+files that aren't ignored are present in the submodules work tree.
+Ignored files are deemed expendable and won't stop a submodule's work
+tree from being removed.
+
+If you only want to remove the local checkout of a submodule from your
+work tree without committing the removal,
+use linkgit:git-submodule[1] `deinit` instead.
+
EXAMPLES
--------
`git rm Documentation/\*.txt`::
@@ -141,7 +160,7 @@ EXAMPLES
`Documentation` directory and any of its subdirectories.
+
Note that the asterisk `*` is quoted from the shell in this
-example; this lets git, and not the shell, expand the pathnames
+example; this lets Git, and not the shell, expand the pathnames
of files and subdirectories under the `Documentation/` directory.
`git rm -f git-*.sh`::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
index 3241170..40a9a9a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
@@ -45,8 +45,9 @@ Composing
~~~~~~~~~
--annotate::
- Review and edit each patch you're about to send. See the
- CONFIGURATION section for 'sendemail.multiedit'.
+ Review and edit each patch you're about to send. Default is the value
+ of 'sendemail.annotate'. See the CONFIGURATION section for
+ 'sendemail.multiedit'.
--bcc=<address>::
Specify a "Bcc:" value for each email. Default is the value of
@@ -67,7 +68,7 @@ The --cc option must be repeated for each user you want on the cc list.
When '--compose' is used, git send-email will use the From, Subject, and
In-Reply-To headers specified in the message. If the body of the message
(what you type after the headers and a blank line) only contains blank
-(or GIT: prefixed) lines the summary won't be sent, but From, Subject,
+(or Git: prefixed) lines the summary won't be sent, but From, Subject,
and In-Reply-To headers will be used unless they are removed.
+
Missing From or In-Reply-To headers will be prompted for.
@@ -126,6 +127,10 @@ The --to option must be repeated for each user you want on the to list.
+
Note that no attempts whatsoever are made to validate the encoding.
+--compose-encoding=<encoding>::
+ Specify encoding of compose message. Default is the value of the
+ 'sendemail.composeencoding'; if that is unspecified, UTF-8 is assumed.
+
Sending
~~~~~~~
@@ -160,8 +165,8 @@ Sending
Furthermore, passwords need not be specified in configuration files
or on the command line. If a username has been specified (with
'--smtp-user' or a 'sendemail.smtpuser'), but no password has been
-specified (with '--smtp-pass' or 'sendemail.smtppass'), then the
-user is prompted for a password while the input is masked for privacy.
+specified (with '--smtp-pass' or 'sendemail.smtppass'), then
+a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
--smtp-server=<host>::
If set, specifies the outgoing SMTP server to use (e.g.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
index bd3eaa6..dc3a568 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-send-pack(1)
NAME
----
-git-send-pack - Push objects over git protocol to another repository
+git-send-pack - Push objects over Git protocol to another repository
SYNOPSIS
diff --git a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
index 5e5f1c8..5d709d0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-sh-setup(1)
NAME
----
-git-sh-setup - Common git shell script setup code
+git-sh-setup - Common Git shell script setup code
SYNOPSIS
--------
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ Porcelain-ish scripts and/or are writing new ones.
The 'git sh-setup' scriptlet is designed to be sourced (using
`.`) by other shell scripts to set up some variables pointing at
-the normal git directories and a few helper shell functions.
+the normal Git directories and a few helper shell functions.
Before sourcing it, your script should set up a few variables;
`USAGE` (and `LONG_USAGE`, if any) is used to define message
@@ -82,6 +82,12 @@ get_author_ident_from_commit::
outputs code for use with eval to set the GIT_AUTHOR_NAME,
GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL and GIT_AUTHOR_DATE variables for a given commit.
+create_virtual_base::
+ modifies the first file so only lines in common with the
+ second file remain. If there is insufficient common material,
+ then the first file is left empty. The result is suitable
+ as a virtual base input for a 3-way merge.
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-shell.txt b/Documentation/git-shell.txt
index 9b92506..c35051b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-shell.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-shell.txt
@@ -9,25 +9,81 @@ git-shell - Restricted login shell for Git-only SSH access
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git shell' [-c <command> <argument>]
+'chsh' -s $(command -v git-shell) <user>
+'git clone' <user>`@localhost:/path/to/repo.git`
+'ssh' <user>`@localhost`
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-A login shell for SSH accounts to provide restricted Git access. When
-'-c' is given, the program executes <command> non-interactively;
-<command> can be one of 'git receive-pack', 'git upload-pack', 'git
-upload-archive', 'cvs server', or a command in COMMAND_DIR. The shell
-is started in interactive mode when no arguments are given; in this
-case, COMMAND_DIR must exist, and any of the executables in it can be
-invoked.
+This is a login shell for SSH accounts to provide restricted Git access.
+It permits execution only of server-side Git commands implementing the
+pull/push functionality, plus custom commands present in a subdirectory
+named `git-shell-commands` in the user's home directory.
-'cvs server' is a special command which executes git-cvsserver.
+COMMANDS
+--------
+
+'git shell' accepts the following commands after the '-c' option:
+
+'git receive-pack <argument>'::
+'git upload-pack <argument>'::
+'git upload-archive <argument>'::
+ Call the corresponding server-side command to support
+ the client's 'git push', 'git fetch', or 'git archive --remote'
+ request.
+'cvs server'::
+ Imitate a CVS server. See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
+
+If a `~/git-shell-commands` directory is present, 'git shell' will
+also handle other, custom commands by running
+"`git-shell-commands/<command> <arguments>`" from the user's home
+directory.
+
+INTERACTIVE USE
+---------------
+
+By default, the commands above can be executed only with the '-c'
+option; the shell is not interactive.
-COMMAND_DIR is the path "$HOME/git-shell-commands". The user must have
-read and execute permissions to the directory in order to execute the
-programs in it. The programs are executed with a cwd of $HOME, and
-<argument> is parsed as a command-line string.
+If a `~/git-shell-commands` directory is present, 'git shell'
+can also be run interactively (with no arguments). If a `help`
+command is present in the `git-shell-commands` directory, it is
+run to provide the user with an overview of allowed actions. Then a
+"git> " prompt is presented at which one can enter any of the
+commands from the `git-shell-commands` directory, or `exit` to close
+the connection.
+
+Generally this mode is used as an administrative interface to allow
+users to list repositories they have access to, create, delete, or
+rename repositories, or change repository descriptions and
+permissions.
+
+If a `no-interactive-login` command exists, then it is run and the
+interactive shell is aborted.
+
+EXAMPLE
+-------
+
+To disable interactive logins, displaying a greeting instead:
++
+----------------
+$ chsh -s /usr/bin/git-shell
+$ mkdir $HOME/git-shell-commands
+$ cat >$HOME/git-shell-commands/no-interactive-login <<\EOF
+#!/bin/sh
+printf '%s\n' "Hi $USER! You've successfully authenticated, but I do not"
+printf '%s\n' "provide interactive shell access."
+exit 128
+EOF
+$ chmod +x $HOME/git-shell-commands/no-interactive-login
+----------------
+
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+ssh(1),
+linkgit:git-daemon[1],
+contrib/git-shell-commands/README
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt b/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
index 01d8417..31af7f2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
@@ -8,14 +8,13 @@ git-shortlog - Summarize 'git log' output
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-git log --pretty=short | 'git shortlog' [-h] [-n] [-s] [-e] [-w]
-'git shortlog' [-n|--numbered] [-s|--summary] [-e|--email] [-w[<width>[,<indent1>[,<indent2>]]]] <commit>...
+git log --pretty=short | 'git shortlog' [<options>]
+'git shortlog' [<options>] [<revision range>] [[\--] <path>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Summarizes 'git log' output in a format suitable for inclusion
-in release announcements. Each commit will be grouped by author and
-the first line of the commit message will be shown.
+in release announcements. Each commit will be grouped by author and title.
Additionally, "[PATCH]" will be stripped from the commit description.
@@ -27,10 +26,6 @@ reference to the current repository.
OPTIONS
-------
--h::
---help::
- Print a short usage message and exit.
-
-n::
--numbered::
Sort output according to the number of commits per author instead
@@ -57,7 +52,25 @@ OPTIONS
line of each entry is indented by `indent1` spaces, and the second
and subsequent lines are indented by `indent2` spaces. `width`,
`indent1`, and `indent2` default to 76, 6 and 9 respectively.
-
++
+If width is `0` (zero) then indent the lines of the output without wrapping
+them.
+
+<revision range>::
+ Show only commits in the specified revision range. When no
+ <revision range> is specified, it defaults to `HEAD` (i.e. the
+ whole history leading to the current commit). `origin..HEAD`
+ specifies all the commits reachable from the current commit
+ (i.e. `HEAD`), but not from `origin`. For a complete list of
+ ways to spell <revision range>, see the "Specifying Ranges"
+ section of linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
+
+[\--] <path>...::
+ Consider only commits that are enough to explain how the files
+ that match the specified paths came to be.
++
+Paths may need to be prefixed with "\-- " to separate them from
+options or the revision range, when confusion arises.
MAPPING AUTHORS
---------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
index a8e77b5..a515648 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ no <rev> nor <glob> is given on the command line.
OPTIONS
-------
<rev>::
- Arbitrary extended SHA1 expression (see linkgit:gitrevisions[7])
+ Arbitrary extended SHA-1 expression (see linkgit:gitrevisions[7])
that typically names a branch head or a tag.
<glob>::
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ displayed, indented N places. If a commit is on the I-th
branch, the I-th indentation character shows a `+` sign;
otherwise it shows a space. Merge commits are denoted by
a `-` sign. Each commit shows a short name that
-can be used as an extended SHA1 to name that commit.
+can be used as an extended SHA-1 to name that commit.
The following example shows three branches, "master", "fixes"
and "mhf":
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-index.txt b/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
index 2dcbbb2..fbdc8ad 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
@@ -14,12 +14,12 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Reads given idx file for packed git archive created with
+Reads given idx file for packed Git archive created with
'git pack-objects' command, and dumps its contents.
The information it outputs is subset of what you can get from
'git verify-pack -v'; this command only shows the packfile
-offset and SHA1 of each object.
+offset and SHA-1 of each object.
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
index 5dbcd47..de4d352 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
@@ -50,8 +50,8 @@ OPTIONS
-s::
--hash[=<n>]::
- Only show the SHA1 hash, not the reference name. When combined with
- --dereference the dereferenced tag will still be shown after the SHA1.
+ Only show the SHA-1 hash, not the reference name. When combined with
+ --dereference the dereferenced tag will still be shown after the SHA-1.
--verify::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stash.txt b/Documentation/git-stash.txt
index 0aa4e20..711ffe1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stash.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stash.txt
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ drop [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]::
Remove a single stashed state from the stash list. When no `<stash>`
is given, it removes the latest one. i.e. `stash@{0}`, otherwise
- `<stash>` must a valid stash log reference of the form
+ `<stash>` must be a