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-rw-r--r--zlib.c263
1462 files changed, 185367 insertions, 37748 deletions
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index c460c66..726db73 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -1,6 +1,11 @@
/GIT-BUILD-OPTIONS
/GIT-CFLAGS
+/GIT-LDFLAGS
/GIT-GUI-VARS
+/GIT-PREFIX
+/GIT-PYTHON-VARS
+/GIT-SCRIPT-DEFINES
+/GIT-USER-AGENT
/GIT-VERSION-FILE
/bin-wrappers/
/git
@@ -25,10 +30,15 @@
/git-cherry-pick
/git-clean
/git-clone
+/git-column
/git-commit
/git-commit-tree
/git-config
/git-count-objects
+/git-credential
+/git-credential-cache
+/git-credential-cache--daemon
+/git-credential-store
/git-cvsexportcommit
/git-cvsimport
/git-cvsserver
@@ -43,7 +53,6 @@
/git-fast-export
/git-fast-import
/git-fetch
-/git-fetch--tool
/git-fetch-pack
/git-filter-branch
/git-fmt-merge-msg
@@ -89,6 +98,7 @@
/git-name-rev
/git-mv
/git-notes
+/git-p4
/git-pack-redundant
/git-pack-objects
/git-pack-refs
@@ -102,12 +112,13 @@
/git-quiltimport
/git-read-tree
/git-rebase
+/git-rebase--am
/git-rebase--interactive
+/git-rebase--merge
/git-receive-pack
/git-reflog
/git-relink
/git-remote
-/git-remote-curl
/git-remote-http
/git-remote-https
/git-remote-ftp
@@ -115,6 +126,7 @@
/git-remote-fd
/git-remote-ext
/git-remote-testgit
+/git-remote-testsvn
/git-repack
/git-replace
/git-repo-config
@@ -127,7 +139,10 @@
/git-rm
/git-send-email
/git-send-pack
+/git-sh-i18n
+/git-sh-i18n--envsubst
/git-sh-setup
+/git-sh-i18n
/git-shell
/git-shortlog
/git-show
@@ -160,27 +175,30 @@
/gitk-git/gitk-wish
/gitweb/GITWEB-BUILD-OPTIONS
/gitweb/gitweb.cgi
+/gitweb/static/gitweb.js
/gitweb/static/gitweb.min.*
/test-chmtime
/test-ctype
/test-date
/test-delta
/test-dump-cache-tree
+/test-scrap-cache-tree
/test-genrandom
/test-index-version
/test-line-buffer
/test-match-trees
+/test-mergesort
/test-mktemp
-/test-obj-pool
/test-parse-options
/test-path-utils
+/test-regex
+/test-revision-walking
/test-run-command
/test-sha1
/test-sigchain
-/test-string-pool
+/test-string-list
/test-subprocess
/test-svn-fe
-/test-treap
/common-cmds.h
*.tar.gz
*.dsc
diff --git a/.mailmap b/.mailmap
index 19c8726..c7e8618 100644
--- a/.mailmap
+++ b/.mailmap
@@ -9,7 +9,9 @@ Alex Bennée <kernel-hacker@bennee.com>
Alexander Gavrilov <angavrilov@gmail.com>
Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@gmail.com>
Brian M. Carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx>
+Cheng Renquan <crquan@gmail.com>
Chris Shoemaker <c.shoemaker@cox.net>
+Dan Johnson <computerdruid@gmail.com>
Dana L. How <danahow@gmail.com>
Dana L. How <how@deathvalley.cswitch.com>
Daniel Barkalow <barkalow@iabervon.org>
@@ -18,25 +20,49 @@ David Kågedal <davidk@lysator.liu.se>
David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Deskin Miller <deskinm@umich.edu>
Dirk Süsserott <newsletter@dirk.my1.cc>
+Eric S. Raymond <esr@thyrsus.com>
+Erik Faye-Lund <kusmabite@gmail.com> <kusmabite@googlemail.com>
Fredrik Kuivinen <freku045@student.liu.se>
+Frédéric Heitzmann <frederic.heitzmann@gmail.com>
H. Peter Anvin <hpa@bonde.sc.orionmulti.com>
H. Peter Anvin <hpa@tazenda.sc.orionmulti.com>
H. Peter Anvin <hpa@trantor.hos.anvin.org>
Horst H. von Brand <vonbrand@inf.utfsm.cl>
İsmail Dönmez <ismail@pardus.org.tr>
+Jakub Narębski <jnareb@gmail.com>
Jay Soffian <jaysoffian+git@gmail.com>
+Jeff King <peff@peff.net> <peff@github.com>
Joachim Berdal Haga <cjhaga@fys.uio.no>
+Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <johannes.sixt@telecom.at>
+Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <j.sixt@viscovery.net>
+Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <J.Sixt@eudaptics.com>
Jon Loeliger <jdl@freescale.com>
Jon Seymour <jon@blackcubes.dyndns.org>
Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@uchicago.edu>
-Junio C Hamano <junio@twinsun.com>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <gitster@pobox.com>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@pobox.com>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@twinsun.com>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junkio@twinsun.com>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@hera.kernel.org>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@kernel.org>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junkio@cox.net>
Karl Hasselström <kha@treskal.com>
+Kevin Leung <kevinlsk@gmail.com>
Kent Engstrom <kent@lysator.liu.se>
Lars Doelle <lars.doelle@on-line ! de>
Lars Doelle <lars.doelle@on-line.de>
Li Hong <leehong@pku.edu.cn>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@evo.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org.(none)>
Lukas Sandström <lukass@etek.chalmers.se>
-Martin Langhoff <martin@laptop.org>
+Marc-André Lureau <marcandre.lureau@gmail.com>
+Mark Rada <marada@uwaterloo.ca>
+Martin Langhoff <martin@laptop.org> <martin@catalyst.net.nz>
+Martin von Zweigbergk <martinvonz@gmail.com> <martin.von.zweigbergk@gmail.com>
Michael Coleman <tutufan@gmail.com>
Michael J Gruber <git@drmicha.warpmail.net> <michaeljgruber+gmane@fastmail.fm>
Michael W. Olson <mwolson@gnu.org>
@@ -45,16 +71,22 @@ Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@bluebottle.com>
Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@lavabit.com>
Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclouds@gmail.com>
<nico@fluxnic.net> <nico@cam.org>
+Peter Krefting <peter@softwolves.pp.se> <peter@svarten.intern.softwolves.pp.se>
+Peter Krefting <peter@softwolves.pp.se> <peter@softwolves.pp.se>
Philippe Bruhat <book@cpan.org>
+Ralf Thielow <ralf.thielow@gmail.com> <ralf.thielow@googlemail.com>
Ramsay Allan Jones <ramsay@ramsay1.demon.co.uk>
René Scharfe <rene.scharfe@lsrfire.ath.cx>
Robert Fitzsimons <robfitz@273k.net>
+Robert Zeh <robert.a.zeh@gmail.com>
Sam Vilain <sam@vilain.net>
Santi Béjar <sbejar@gmail.com>
Sean Estabrooks <seanlkml@sympatico.ca>
Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
Steven Grimm <koreth@midwinter.com>
+Tay Ray Chuan <rctay89@gmail.com>
Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
+Thomas Rast <trast@inf.ethz.ch> <trast@student.ethz.ch>
Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Uwe Kleine-König <Uwe_Zeisberger@digi.com>
Uwe Kleine-König <Uwe.Kleine-Koenig@digi.com>
diff --git a/Documentation/.gitignore b/Documentation/.gitignore
index 1c3a9fe..d62aebd 100644
--- a/Documentation/.gitignore
+++ b/Documentation/.gitignore
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
*.[1-8]
*.made
*.texi
+*.pdf
git.info
gitman.info
howto-index.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index fe1c1e5..69f7e9b 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -35,10 +35,22 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
- Case arms are indented at the same depth as case and esac lines.
+ - Redirection operators should be written with space before, but no
+ space after them. In other words, write 'echo test >"$file"'
+ instead of 'echo test> $file' or 'echo test > $file'. Note that
+ even though it is not required by POSIX to double-quote the
+ redirection target in a variable (as shown above), our code does so
+ because some versions of bash issue a warning without the quotes.
+
- We prefer $( ... ) for command substitution; unlike ``, it
properly nests. It should have been the way Bourne spelled
it from day one, but unfortunately isn't.
+ - If you want to find out if a command is available on the user's
+ $PATH, you should use 'type <command>', instead of 'which <command>'.
+ The output of 'which' is not machine parseable and its exit code
+ is not reliable across platforms.
+
- We use POSIX compliant parameter substitutions and avoid bashisms;
namely:
@@ -64,11 +76,19 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
- We do not use Process Substitution <(list) or >(list).
+ - Do not write control structures on a single line with semicolon.
+ "then" should be on the next line for if statements, and "do"
+ should be on the next line for "while" and "for".
+
- We prefer "test" over "[ ... ]".
- We do not write the noiseword "function" in front of shell
functions.
+ - We prefer a space between the function name and the parentheses. The
+ opening "{" should also be on the same line.
+ E.g.: my_function () {
+
- As to use of grep, stick to a subset of BRE (namely, no \{m,n\},
[::], [==], nor [..]) for portability.
@@ -81,6 +101,10 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
are ERE elements not BRE (note that \? and \+ are not even part
of BRE -- making them accessible from BRE is a GNU extension).
+ - Use Git's gettext wrappers in git-sh-i18n to make the user
+ interface translatable. See "Marking strings for translation" in
+ po/README.
+
For C programs:
- We use tabs to indent, and interpret tabs as taking up to
@@ -88,6 +112,14 @@ For C programs:
- We try to keep to at most 80 characters per line.
+ - We try to support a wide range of C compilers to compile git with,
+ including old ones. That means that you should not use C99
+ initializers, even if a lot of compilers grok it.
+
+ - Variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block.
+
+ - NULL pointers shall be written as NULL, not as 0.
+
- When declaring pointers, the star sides with the variable
name, i.e. "char *string", not "char* string" or
"char * string". This makes it easier to understand code
@@ -144,6 +176,9 @@ For C programs:
- When we pass <string, length> pair to functions, we should try to
pass them in that order.
+ - Use Git's gettext wrappers to make the user interface
+ translatable. See "Marking strings for translation" in po/README.
+
Writing Documentation:
Every user-visible change should be reflected in the documentation.
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index 36989b7..e53d333 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -1,12 +1,13 @@
MAN1_TXT= \
$(filter-out $(addsuffix .txt, $(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES)), \
$(wildcard git-*.txt)) \
- gitk.txt git.txt
+ gitk.txt gitweb.txt git.txt
MAN5_TXT=gitattributes.txt gitignore.txt gitmodules.txt githooks.txt \
- gitrepository-layout.txt
+ gitrepository-layout.txt gitweb.conf.txt
MAN7_TXT=gitcli.txt gittutorial.txt gittutorial-2.txt \
gitcvs-migration.txt gitcore-tutorial.txt gitglossary.txt \
- gitdiffcore.txt gitrevisions.txt gitworkflows.txt
+ gitdiffcore.txt gitnamespaces.txt gitrevisions.txt gitworkflows.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitcredentials.txt
MAN_TXT = $(MAN1_TXT) $(MAN5_TXT) $(MAN7_TXT)
MAN_XML=$(patsubst %.txt,%.xml,$(MAN_TXT))
@@ -19,9 +20,34 @@ ARTICLES += everyday
ARTICLES += git-tools
ARTICLES += git-bisect-lk2009
# with their own formatting rules.
-SP_ARTICLES = howto/revert-branch-rebase howto/using-merge-subtree user-manual
+SP_ARTICLES = user-manual
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/new-command
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/revert-branch-rebase
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/using-merge-subtree
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/using-signed-tag-in-pull-request
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/use-git-daemon
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/update-hook-example
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/setup-git-server-over-http
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/separating-topic-branches
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/revert-a-faulty-merge
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/recover-corrupted-blob-object
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/rebuild-from-update-hook
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/rebase-from-internal-branch
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/maintain-git
API_DOCS = $(patsubst %.txt,%,$(filter-out technical/api-index-skel.txt technical/api-index.txt, $(wildcard technical/api-*.txt)))
SP_ARTICLES += $(API_DOCS)
+
+TECH_DOCS = technical/index-format
+TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-format
+TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-heuristics
+TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-protocol
+TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-capabilities
+TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-common
+TECH_DOCS += technical/racy-git
+TECH_DOCS += technical/send-pack-pipeline
+TECH_DOCS += technical/shallow
+TECH_DOCS += technical/trivial-merge
+SP_ARTICLES += $(TECH_DOCS)
SP_ARTICLES += technical/api-index
DOC_HTML += $(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES))
@@ -40,14 +66,15 @@ man5dir=$(mandir)/man5
man7dir=$(mandir)/man7
# DESTDIR=
-ASCIIDOC=asciidoc
+ASCIIDOC = asciidoc
ASCIIDOC_EXTRA =
MANPAGE_XSL = manpage-normal.xsl
+XMLTO = xmlto
XMLTO_EXTRA =
INSTALL?=install
RM ?= rm -f
-DOC_REF = origin/man
-HTML_REF = origin/html
+MAN_REPO = ../../git-manpages
+HTML_REPO = ../../git-htmldocs
infodir?=$(prefix)/share/info
MAKEINFO=makeinfo
@@ -62,12 +89,6 @@ endif
-include ../config.mak
#
-# For asciidoc ...
-# -7.1.2, set ASCIIDOC7
-# 8.0-, no extra settings are needed
-#
-
-#
# For docbook-xsl ...
# -1.68.1, no extra settings are needed?
# 1.69.0, set ASCIIDOC_ROFF?
@@ -77,9 +98,6 @@ endif
# 1.73.0-, no extra settings are needed
#
-ifndef ASCIIDOC7
-ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a asciidoc7compatible -a no-inline-literal
-endif
ifdef DOCBOOK_XSL_172
ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-asciidoc-no-roff
MANPAGE_XSL = manpage-1.72.xsl
@@ -120,14 +138,15 @@ SHELL_PATH ?= $(SHELL)
# Shell quote;
SHELL_PATH_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(SHELL_PATH))
-#
-# Please note that there is a minor bug in asciidoc.
-# The version after 6.0.3 _will_ include the patch found here:
-# http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=git&m=111558757202243&w=2
-#
-# Until that version is released you may have to apply the patch
-# yourself - yes, all 6 characters of it!
-#
+ifdef DEFAULT_PAGER
+DEFAULT_PAGER_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(DEFAULT_PAGER))
+ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a 'git-default-pager=$(DEFAULT_PAGER_SQ)'
+endif
+
+ifdef DEFAULT_EDITOR
+DEFAULT_EDITOR_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(DEFAULT_EDITOR))
+ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a 'git-default-editor=$(DEFAULT_EDITOR_SQ)'
+endif
QUIET_SUBDIR0 = +$(MAKE) -C # space to separate -C and subdir
QUIET_SUBDIR1 =
@@ -232,8 +251,9 @@ cmd-list.made: cmd-list.perl ../command-list.txt $(MAN1_TXT)
clean:
$(RM) *.xml *.xml+ *.html *.html+ *.1 *.5 *.7
$(RM) *.texi *.texi+ *.texi++ git.info gitman.info
+ $(RM) *.pdf
$(RM) howto-index.txt howto/*.html doc.dep
- $(RM) technical/api-*.html technical/api-index.txt
+ $(RM) technical/*.html technical/api-index.txt
$(RM) $(cmds_txt) *.made
$(RM) manpage-base-url.xsl
@@ -248,7 +268,7 @@ manpage-base-url.xsl: manpage-base-url.xsl.in
%.1 %.5 %.7 : %.xml manpage-base-url.xsl
$(QUIET_XMLTO)$(RM) $@ && \
- xmlto -m $(MANPAGE_XSL) $(XMLTO_EXTRA) man $<
+ $(XMLTO) -m $(MANPAGE_XSL) $(XMLTO_EXTRA) man $<
%.xml : %.txt
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
@@ -265,7 +285,8 @@ technical/api-index.txt: technical/api-index-skel.txt \
technical/api-index.sh $(patsubst %,%.txt,$(API_DOCS))
$(QUIET_GEN)cd technical && '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./api-index.sh
-$(patsubst %,%.html,$(API_DOCS) technical/api-index): %.html : %.txt
+technical/%.html: ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-relative-html-prefix=../
+$(patsubst %,%.html,$(API_DOCS) technical/api-index $(TECH_DOCS)): %.html : %.txt
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -f asciidoc.conf \
$(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) $*.txt
@@ -310,7 +331,7 @@ $(patsubst %.txt,%.texi,$(MAN_TXT)): %.texi : %.xml
howto-index.txt: howto-index.sh $(wildcard howto/*.txt)
$(QUIET_GEN)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./howto-index.sh $(wildcard howto/*.txt) >$@+ && \
+ '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./howto-index.sh $(sort $(wildcard howto/*.txt)) >$@+ && \
mv $@+ $@
$(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES)) : %.html : %.txt
@@ -318,6 +339,7 @@ $(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES)) : %.html : %.txt
WEBDOC_DEST = /pub/software/scm/git/docs
+howto/%.html: ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-relative-html-prefix=../
$(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(wildcard howto/*.txt)): %.html : %.txt
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
sed -e '1,/^$$/d' $< | $(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -b xhtml11 - >$@+ && \
@@ -326,12 +348,26 @@ $(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(wildcard howto/*.txt)): %.html : %.txt
install-webdoc : html
'$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./install-webdoc.sh $(WEBDOC_DEST)
+# You must have a clone of git-htmldocs and git-manpages repositories
+# next to the git repository itself for the following to work.
+
quick-install: quick-install-man
-quick-install-man:
- '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./install-doc-quick.sh $(DOC_REF) $(DESTDIR)$(mandir)
+require-manrepo::
+ @if test ! -d $(MAN_REPO); \
+ then echo "git-manpages repository must exist at $(MAN_REPO)"; exit 1; fi
+
+quick-install-man: require-manrepo
+ '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./install-doc-quick.sh $(MAN_REPO) $(DESTDIR)$(mandir)
+
+require-htmlrepo::
+ @if test ! -d $(HTML_REPO); \
+ then echo "git-htmldocs repository must exist at $(HTML_REPO)"; exit 1; fi
+
+quick-install-html: require-htmlrepo
+ '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./install-doc-quick.sh $(HTML_REPO) $(DESTDIR)$(htmldir)
-quick-install-html:
- '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./install-doc-quick.sh $(HTML_REF) $(DESTDIR)$(htmldir)
+print-man1:
+ @for i in $(MAN1_TXT); do echo $$i; done
.PHONY: FORCE
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt
index ebf20e2..d41984d 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt
@@ -45,9 +45,3 @@ Fixes since v1.5.2
- git-fastimport --import-marks was broken; fixed.
- A lot of documentation updates, clarifications and fixes.
-
---
-exec >/var/tmp/1
-O=v1.5.2-65-g996e2d6
-echo O=`git describe refs/heads/maint`
-git shortlog --no-merges $O..refs/heads/maint
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt
index e1e24b3..7d8fb85 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt
@@ -79,9 +79,3 @@ Fixes since v1.6.0.1
packfile.
Also contains many documentation updates.
-
---
-exec >/var/tmp/1
-O=v1.6.0.1-78-g3632cfc
-echo O=$(git describe maint)
-git shortlog --no-merges $O..maint
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt
index 6f0bde1..cd08d81 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt
@@ -26,7 +26,3 @@ Fixes since v1.6.1.2
* RPM binary package installed the html manpages in a wrong place.
Also includes minor documentation fixes and updates.
-
-
---
-git shortlog --no-merges v1.6.1.2-33-gc789350..
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt
index 0ce6316..ccbad79 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt
@@ -39,6 +39,3 @@ Fixes since v1.6.1.3
This fix was first merged to 1.6.2.3.
Also includes minor documentation fixes and updates.
-
---
-git shortlog --no-merges v1.6.1.3..
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt
index adb7cca..7b152a6 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt
@@ -278,9 +278,3 @@ release, unless otherwise noted.
* "gitweb" did not mark non-ASCII characters imported from external HTML fragments
correctly.
-
---
-exec >/var/tmp/1
-O=v1.6.1-rc3-74-gf66bc5f
-echo O=$(git describe master)
-git shortlog --no-merges $O..master ^maint
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..806a965
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,78 @@
+Git v1.7.10.1 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Additions since v1.7.10
+-----------------------
+
+Localization message files for Danish and German have been added.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.10
+-------------------
+
+ * "git add -p" is not designed to deal with unmerged paths but did
+ not exclude them and tried to apply funny patches only to fail.
+
+ * "git blame" started missing quite a few changes from the origin
+ since we stopped using the diff minimalization by default in v1.7.2
+ era.
+
+ * When PATH contains an unreadable directory, alias expansion code
+ did not kick in, and failed with an error that said "git-subcmd"
+ was not found.
+
+ * "git clean -d -f" (not "-d -f -f") is supposed to protect nested
+ working trees of independent git repositories that exist in the
+ current project working tree from getting removed, but the
+ protection applied only to such working trees that are at the
+ top-level of the current project by mistake.
+
+ * "git commit --author=$name" did not tell the name that was being
+ recorded in the resulting commit to hooks, even though it does do
+ so when the end user overrode the authorship via the
+ "GIT_AUTHOR_NAME" environment variable.
+
+ * When "git commit --template F" errors out because the user did not
+ touch the message, it claimed that it aborts due to "empty
+ message", which was utterly wrong.
+
+ * The regexp configured with diff.wordregex was incorrectly reused
+ across files.
+
+ * An age-old corner case bug in combine diff (only triggered with -U0
+ and the hunk at the beginning of the file needs to be shown) has
+ been fixed.
+
+ * Rename detection logic used to match two empty files as renames
+ during merge-recursive, leading to unnatural mismerges.
+
+ * The parser in "fast-import" did not diagnose ":9" style references
+ that is not followed by required SP/LF as an error.
+
+ * When "git fetch" encounters repositories with too many references,
+ the command line of "fetch-pack" that is run by a helper
+ e.g. remote-curl, may fail to hold all of them. Now such an
+ internal invocation can feed the references through the standard
+ input of "fetch-pack".
+
+ * "git fetch" that recurses into submodules on demand did not check
+ if it needs to go into submodules when non branches (most notably,
+ tags) are fetched.
+
+ * "log -p --graph" used with "--stat" had a few formatting error.
+
+ * Running "notes merge --commit" failed to perform correctly when run
+ from any directory inside $GIT_DIR/. When "notes merge" stops with
+ conflicts, $GIT_DIR/NOTES_MERGE_WORKTREE is the place a user edits
+ to resolve it.
+
+ * The 'push to upstream' implementation was broken in some corner
+ cases. "git push $there" without refspec, when the current branch
+ is set to push to a remote different from $there, used to push to
+ $there using the upstream information to a remote unreleated to
+ $there.
+
+ * Giving "--continue" to a conflicted "rebase -i" session skipped a
+ commit that only results in changes to submodules.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7a7e9d6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
+Git v1.7.10.2 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.10.1
+---------------------
+
+ * The test scaffolding for git-daemon was flaky.
+
+ * The test scaffolding for fast-import was flaky.
+
+ * The filesystem boundary was not correctly reported when .git directory
+ discovery stopped at a mount point.
+
+ * HTTP transport that requires authentication did not work correctly when
+ multiple connections are used simultaneously.
+
+ * Minor memory leak during unpack_trees (hence "merge" and "checkout"
+ to check out another branch) has been plugged.
+
+ * In the older days, the header "Conflicts:" in "cherry-pick" and "merge"
+ was separated by a blank line from the list of paths that follow for
+ readability, but when "merge" was rewritten in C, we lost it by
+ mistake. Remove the newline from "cherry-pick" to make them match
+ again.
+
+ * The command line parser choked "git cherry-pick $name" when $name can
+ be both revision name and a pathname, even though $name can never be a
+ path in the context of the command.
+
+ * The "include.path" facility in the configuration mechanism added in
+ 1.7.10 forgot to interpret "~/path" and "~user/path" as it should.
+
+ * "git config --rename-section" to rename an existing section into a
+ bogus one did not check the new name.
+
+ * The "diff --no-index" codepath used limited-length buffers, risking
+ pathnames getting truncated. Update it to use the strbuf API.
+
+ * The report from "git fetch" said "new branch" even for a non branch
+ ref.
+
+ * The http-backend (the server side of the smart http transfer) used
+ to overwrite GIT_COMMITTER_NAME and GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL with the
+ value obtained from REMOTE_USER unconditionally, making it
+ impossible for the server side site-specific customization to use
+ different identity sources to affect the names logged. It now uses
+ REMOTE_USER only as a fallback value.
+
+ * "log --graph" was not very friendly with "--stat" option and its
+ output had line breaks at wrong places.
+
+ * Octopus merge strategy did not reduce heads that are recorded in the
+ final commit correctly.
+
+ * "git push" over smart-http lost progress output a few releases ago;
+ this release resurrects it.
+
+ * The error and advice messages given by "git push" when it fails due
+ to non-ff were not very helpful to new users; it has been broken
+ into three cases, and each is given a separate advice message.
+
+ * The insn sheet given by "rebase -i" did not make it clear that the
+ insn lines can be re-ordered to affect the order of the commits in
+ the resulting history.
+
+ * "git repack" used to write out unreachable objects as loose objects
+ when repacking, even if such loose objects will immediately pruned
+ due to its age.
+
+ * A contrib script "rerere-train" did not work out of the box unless
+ user futzed with her $PATH.
+
+ * "git rev-parse --show-prefix" used to emit nothing when run at the
+ top-level of the working tree, but now it gives a blank line.
+
+ * The i18n of error message "git stash save" was not properly done.
+
+ * "git submodule" used a sed script that some platforms mishandled.
+
+ * When using a Perl script on a system where "perl" found on user's
+ $PATH could be ancient or otherwise broken, we allow builders to
+ specify the path to a good copy of Perl with $PERL_PATH. The
+ gitweb test forgot to use that Perl when running its test.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..703fbf1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@
+Git v1.7.10.3 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.10.2
+---------------------
+
+ * The message file for German translation has been updated a bit.
+
+ * Running "git checkout" on an unborn branch used to corrupt HEAD.
+
+ * When checking out another commit from an already detached state, we
+ used to report all commits that are not reachable from any of the
+ refs as lossage, but some of them might be reachable from the new
+ HEAD, and there is no need to warn about them.
+
+ * Some time ago, "git clone" lost the progress output for its
+ "checkout" phase; when run without any "--quiet" option, it should
+ give progress to the lengthy operation.
+
+ * The directory path used in "git diff --no-index", when it recurses
+ down, was broken with a recent update after v1.7.10.1 release.
+
+ * "log -z --pretty=tformat:..." did not terminate each record with
+ NUL. The fix is not entirely correct when the output also asks for
+ --patch and/or --stat, though.
+
+ * The DWIM behaviour for "log --pretty=format:%gd -g" was somewhat
+ broken and gave undue precedence to configured log.date, causing
+ "git stash list" to show "stash@{time stamp string}".
+
+ * "git status --porcelain" ignored "--branch" option by mistake. The
+ output for "git status --branch -z" was also incorrect and did not
+ terminate the record for the current branch name with NUL as asked.
+
+ * When a submodule repository uses alternate object store mechanism,
+ some commands that were started from the superproject did not
+ notice it and failed with "No such object" errors. The subcommands
+ of "git submodule" command that recursed into the submodule in a
+ separate process were OK; only the ones that cheated and peeked
+ directly into the submodule's repository from the primary process
+ were affected.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..326670d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+Git v1.7.10.4 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.10.3
+---------------------
+
+ * The message file for Swedish translation has been updated a bit.
+
+ * A name taken from mailmap was copied into an internal buffer
+ incorrectly and could overun the buffer if it is too long.
+
+ * A malformed commit object that has a header line chomped in the
+ middle could kill git with a NULL pointer dereference.
+
+ * An author/committer name that is a single character was mishandled
+ as an invalid name by mistake.
+
+ * The progress indicator for a large "git checkout" was sent to
+ stderr even if it is not a terminal.
+
+ * "git grep -e '$pattern'", unlike the case where the patterns are
+ read from a file, did not treat individual lines in the given
+ pattern argument as separate regular expressions as it should.
+
+ * When "git rebase" was given a bad commit to replay the history on,
+ its error message did not correctly give the command line argument
+ it had trouble parsing.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4db1770
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+Git v1.7.10.5 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.10.4
+---------------------
+
+ * "git fast-export" did not give a readable error message when the
+ same mark erroneously appeared twice in the --import-marks input.
+
+ * "git rebase -p" used to pay attention to rebase.autosquash which
+ was wrong. "git rebase -p -i" should, but "git rebase -p" by
+ itself should not.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..58100bf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,219 @@
+Git v1.7.10 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Compatibility Notes
+-------------------
+
+ * From this release on, the "git merge" command in an interactive
+ session will start an editor when it automatically resolves the
+ merge for the user to explain the resulting commit, just like the
+ "git commit" command does when it wasn't given a commit message.
+
+ If you have a script that runs "git merge" and keeps its standard
+ input and output attached to the user's terminal, and if you do not
+ want the user to explain the resulting merge commits, you can
+ export GIT_MERGE_AUTOEDIT environment variable set to "no", like
+ this:
+
+ #!/bin/sh
+ GIT_MERGE_AUTOEDIT=no
+ export GIT_MERGE_AUTOEDIT
+
+ to disable this behavior (if you want your users to explain their
+ merge commits, you do not have to do anything). Alternatively, you
+ can give the "--no-edit" option to individual invocations of the
+ "git merge" command if you know everybody who uses your script has
+ Git v1.7.8 or newer.
+
+ * The "--binary/-b" options to "git am" have been a no-op for quite a
+ while and were deprecated in mid 2008 (v1.6.0). When you give these
+ options to "git am", it will now warn and ask you not to use them.
+
+ * When you do not tell which branches and tags to push to the "git
+ push" command in any way, the command used "matching refs" rule to
+ update remote branches and tags with branches and tags with the
+ same name you locally have. In future versions of Git, this will
+ change to push out only your current branch according to either the
+ "upstream" or the "current" rule. Although "upstream" may be more
+ powerful once the user understands Git better, the semantics
+ "current" gives is simpler and easier to understand for beginners
+ and may be a safer and better default option. We haven't decided
+ yet which one to switch to.
+
+
+Updates since v1.7.9
+--------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * various "gitk" updates.
+ - show the path to the top level directory in the window title
+ - update preference edit dialog
+ - display file list correctly when directories are given on command line
+ - make "git-describe" output in the log message into a clickable link
+ - avoid matching the UNIX timestamp part when searching all fields
+ - give preference to symbolic font names like sans & monospace
+ - allow comparing two commits using a mark
+ - "gitk" honors log.showroot configuration.
+
+ * Teams for localizing the messages from the Porcelain layer of
+ commands are starting to form, thanks to Jiang Xin who volunteered
+ to be the localization coordinator. Translated messages for
+ simplified Chinese, Swedish and Portuguese are available.
+
+ * The configuration mechanism learned an "include" facility; an
+ assignment to the include.path pseudo-variable causes the named
+ file to be included in-place when Git looks up configuration
+ variables.
+
+ * A content filter (clean/smudge) used to be just a way to make the
+ recorded contents "more useful", and allowed to fail; a filter can
+ now optionally be marked as "required".
+
+ * Options whose names begin with "--no-" (e.g. the "--no-verify"
+ option of the "git commit" command) can be negated by omitting
+ "no-" from its name, e.g. "git commit --verify".
+
+ * "git am" learned to pass "-b" option to underlying "git mailinfo", so
+ that a bracketed string other than "PATCH" at the beginning can be kept.
+
+ * "git clone" learned "--single-branch" option to limit cloning to a
+ single branch (surprise!); tags that do not point into the history
+ of the branch are not fetched.
+
+ * "git clone" learned to detach the HEAD in the resulting repository
+ when the user specifies a tag with "--branch" (e.g., "--branch=v1.0").
+ Clone also learned to print the usual "detached HEAD" advice in such
+ a case, similar to "git checkout v1.0".
+
+ * When showing a patch while ignoring whitespace changes, the context
+ lines are taken from the postimage, in order to make it easier to
+ view the output.
+
+ * "git diff --stat" learned to adjust the width of the output on
+ wider terminals, and give more columns to pathnames as needed.
+
+ * "diff-highlight" filter (in contrib/) was updated to produce more
+ aesthetically pleasing output.
+
+ * "fsck" learned "--no-dangling" option to omit dangling object
+ information.
+
+ * "git log -G" and "git log -S" learned to pay attention to the "-i"
+ option. With "-i", "log -G" ignores the case when finding patch
+ hunks that introduce or remove a string that matches the given
+ pattern. Similarly with "-i", "log -S" ignores the case when
+ finding the commit the given block of text appears or disappears
+ from the file.
+
+ * "git merge" in an interactive session learned to spawn the editor
+ by default to let the user edit the auto-generated merge message,
+ to encourage people to explain their merges better. Legacy scripts
+ can export GIT_MERGE_AUTOEDIT=no to retain the historical behavior.
+ Both "git merge" and "git pull" can be given --no-edit from the
+ command line to accept the auto-generated merge message.
+
+ * The advice message given when the user didn't give enough clue on
+ what to merge to "git pull" and "git merge" has been updated to
+ be more concise and easier to understand.
+
+ * "git push" learned the "--prune" option, similar to "git fetch".
+
+ * The whole directory that houses a top-level superproject managed by
+ "git submodule" can be moved to another place.
+
+ * "git symbolic-ref" learned the "--short" option to abbreviate the
+ refname it shows unambiguously.
+
+ * "git tag --list" can be given "--points-at <object>" to limit its
+ output to those that point at the given object.
+
+ * "gitweb" allows intermediate entries in the directory hierarchy
+ that leads to a project to be clicked, which in turn shows the
+ list of projects inside that directory.
+
+ * "gitweb" learned to read various pieces of information for the
+ repositories lazily, instead of reading everything that could be
+ needed (including the ones that are not necessary for a specific
+ task).
+
+ * Project search in "gitweb" shows the substring that matched in the
+ project name and description highlighted.
+
+ * HTTP transport learned to authenticate with a proxy if needed.
+
+ * A new script "diffall" is added to contrib/; it drives an
+ external tool to perform a directory diff of two Git revisions
+ in one go, unlike "difftool" that compares one file at a time.
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * Improved handling of views, labels and branches in "git-p4" (in contrib).
+
+ * "git-p4" (in contrib) suffered from unnecessary merge conflicts when
+ p4 expanded the embedded $RCS$-like keywords; it can be now told to
+ unexpand them.
+
+ * Some "git-svn" updates.
+
+ * "vcs-svn"/"svn-fe" learned to read dumps with svn-deltas and
+ support incremental imports.
+
+ * "git difftool/mergetool" learned to drive DeltaWalker.
+
+Performance
+
+ * Unnecessary calls to parse_object() "git upload-pack" makes in
+ response to "git fetch", have been eliminated, to help performance
+ in repositories with excessive number of refs.
+
+Internal Implementation (please report possible regressions)
+
+ * Recursive call chains in "git index-pack" to deal with long delta
+ chains have been flattened, to reduce the stack footprint.
+
+ * Use of add_extra_ref() API is now gone, to make it possible to
+ cleanly restructure the overall refs API.
+
+ * The command line parser of "git pack-objects" now uses parse-options
+ API.
+
+ * The test suite supports the new "test_pause" helper function.
+
+ * Parallel to the test suite, there is a beginning of performance
+ benchmarking framework.
+
+ * t/Makefile is adjusted to prevent newer versions of GNU make from
+ running tests in seemingly random order.
+
+ * The code to check if a path points at a file beyond a symbolic link
+ has been restructured to be thread-safe.
+
+ * When pruning directories that has become empty during "git prune"
+ and "git prune-packed", call closedir() that iterates over a
+ directory before rmdir() it.
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.9
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.7.9 in the maintenance
+releases are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * Build with NO_PERL_MAKEMAKER was broken and Git::I18N did not work
+ with versions of Perl older than 5.8.3.
+ (merge 5eb660e ab/perl-i18n later to maint).
+
+ * "git tag -s" honored "gpg.program" configuration variable since
+ 1.7.9, but "git tag -v" and "git verify-tag" didn't.
+ (merge a2c2506 az/verify-tag-use-gpg-config later to maint).
+
+ * "configure" script learned to take "--with-sane-tool-path" from the
+ command line to record SANE_TOOL_PATH (used to avoid broken platform
+ tools in /usr/bin) in config.mak.autogen. This may be useful for
+ people on Solaris who have saner tools outside /usr/xpg[46]/bin.
+
+ * zsh port of bash completion script needed another workaround.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..577ecca
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+Git v1.7.11.1 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.11
+-------------------
+
+ * The cross links in the HTML version of manual pages were broken.
+
+Also contains minor typofixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a0d24d1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+Git v1.7.11.2 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.11.1
+---------------------
+
+ * On Cygwin, the platform pread(2) is not thread safe, just like our
+ own compat/ emulation, and cannot be used in the index-pack
+ program. Makefile variable NO_THREAD_SAFE_PREAD can be defined to
+ avoid use of this function in a threaded program.
+
+ * "git add" allows adding a regular file to the path where a
+ submodule used to exist, but "git update-index" does not allow an
+ equivalent operation to Porcelain writers.
+
+ * "git archive" incorrectly computed the header checksum; the symptom
+ was observed only when using pathnames with hi-bit set.
+
+ * "git blame" did not try to make sure that the abbreviated commit
+ object names in its output are unique.
+
+ * Running "git bundle verify" on a bundle that records a complete
+ history said "it requires these 0 commits".
+
+ * "git clone --single-branch" to clone a single branch did not limit
+ the cloning to the specified branch.
+
+ * "git diff --no-index" did not correctly handle relative paths and
+ did not correctly give exit codes when run under "--quiet" option.
+
+ * "git diff --no-index" did not work with pagers correctly.
+
+ * "git diff COPYING HEAD:COPYING" gave a nonsense error message that
+ claimed that the treeish HEAD did not have COPYING in it.
+
+ * When "git log" gets "--simplify-merges/by-decoration" together with
+ "--first-parent", the combination of these options makes the
+ simplification logic to use in-core commit objects that haven't
+ been examined for relevance, either producing incorrect result or
+ taking too long to produce any output. Teach the simplification
+ logic to ignore commits that the first-parent traversal logic
+ ignored when both are in effect to work around the issue.
+
+ * "git ls-files --exclude=t -i" did not consider anything under t/ as
+ excluded, as it did not pay attention to exclusion of leading paths
+ while walking the index. Other two users of excluded() are also
+ updated.
+
+ * "git request-pull $url dev" when the tip of "dev" branch was tagged
+ with "ext4-for-linus" used the contents from the tag in the output
+ but still asked the "dev" branch to be pulled, not the tag.
+
+Also contains minor typofixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..64494f8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+Git v1.7.11.3 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.11.3
+---------------------
+
+ * The error message from "git push $there :bogo" (and its equivalent
+ "git push $there --delete bogo") mentioned that we tried and failed
+ to guess what ref is being deleted based on the LHS of the refspec,
+ which we don't.
+
+ * A handful of files and directories we create had tighter than
+ necessary permission bits when the user wanted to have group
+ writability (e.g. by setting "umask 002").
+
+ * "commit --amend" used to refuse amending a commit with an empty log
+ message, with or without "--allow-empty-message".
+
+ * "git commit --amend --only --" was meant to allow "Clever" people to
+ rewrite the commit message without making any change even when they
+ have already changes for the next commit added to their index, but
+ it never worked as advertised since it was introduced in 1.3.0 era.
+
+ * Even though the index can record pathnames longer than 1<<12 bytes,
+ in some places we were not comparing them in full, potentially
+ replacing index entries instead of adding.
+
+ * "git show"'s auto-walking behaviour was an unreliable and
+ unpredictable hack; it now behaves just like "git log" does when it
+ walks.
+
+ * "git diff", "git status" and anything that internally uses the
+ comparison machinery was utterly broken when the difference
+ involved a file with "-" as its name. This was due to the way "git
+ diff --no-index" was incorrectly bolted on to the system, making
+ any comparison that involves a file "-" at the root level
+ incorrectly read from the standard input.
+
+ * We did not have test to make sure "git rebase" without extra options
+ filters out an empty commit in the original history.
+
+ * "git fast-export" produced an input stream for fast-import without
+ properly quoting pathnames when they contain SPs in them.
+
+ * "git checkout --detach", when you are still on an unborn branch,
+ should be forbidden, but it wasn't.
+
+ * Some implementations of Perl terminates "lines" with CRLF even when
+ the script is operating on just a sequence of bytes. Make sure to
+ use "$PERL_PATH", the version of Perl the user told Git to use, in
+ our tests to avoid unnecessary breakages in tests.
+
+Also contains minor typofixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3a640c2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
+Git v1.7.11.4 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.11.3
+---------------------
+
+ * "$GIT_DIR/COMMIT_EDITMSG" file that is used to hold the commit log
+ message user edits was not documented.
+
+ * The advise() function did not use varargs correctly to format
+ its message.
+
+ * When "git am" failed, old timers knew to check .git/rebase-apply/patch
+ to see what went wrong, but we never told the users about it.
+
+ * "git commit-tree" learned a more natural "-p <parent> <tree>" order
+ of arguments long time ago, but recently forgot it by mistake.
+
+ * "git diff --no-ext-diff" did not output anything for a typechange
+ filepair when GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF is in effect.
+
+ * In 1.7.9 era, we taught "git rebase" about the raw timestamp format
+ but we did not teach the same trick to "filter-branch", which rolled
+ a similar logic on its own.
+
+ * When "git submodule add" clones a submodule repository, it can get
+ confused where to store the resulting submodule repository in the
+ superproject's .git/ directory when there is a symbolic link in the
+ path to the current directory.
+
+Also contains minor typofixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0a2ed85
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+Git v1.7.11.5 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.11.4
+---------------------
+
+ * The Makefile rule to create assembly output (primarily for
+ debugging purposes) did not create it next to the source.
+
+ * The code to avoid mistaken attempt to add the object directory
+ itself as its own alternate could read beyond end of a string while
+ comparison.
+
+ * On some architectures, "block-sha1" did not compile correctly
+ when compilers inferred alignment guarantees from our source we
+ did not intend to make.
+
+ * When talking to a remote running ssh on IPv6 enabled host, whose
+ address is spelled as "[HOST]:PORT", we did not parse the address
+ correctly and failed to connect.
+
+ * git-blame.el (in compat/) have been updated to use Elisp more
+ correctly.
+
+ * "git checkout <branchname>" to come back from a detached HEAD state
+ incorrectly computed reachability of the detached HEAD, resulting
+ in unnecessary warnings.
+
+ * "git mergetool" did not support --tool-help option to give the list
+ of supported backends, like "git difftool" does.
+
+ * "git grep" stopped spawning an external "grep" long time ago, but a
+ duplicated test to check internal and external "grep" was left
+ behind.
+
+Also contains minor typofixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ba7d3c3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,84 @@
+Git v1.7.11.6 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.11.5
+---------------------
+
+ * "ciabot" script (in contrib/) has been updated with extensive
+ documentation.
+
+ * "git foo" errored out with "Not a directory" when the user had a
+ non-directory on $PATH, and worse yet it masked an alias "foo" from
+ running.
+
+ * When the user exports a non-default IFS without HT, scripts that
+ rely on being able to parse "ls-files -s | while read a b c..."
+ started to fail. Protect them from such a misconfiguration.
+
+ * When the user gives an argument that can be taken as both a
+ revision name and a pathname without disambiguating with "--", we
+ used to give a help message "Use '--' to separate". The message
+ has been clarified to show where that '--' goes on the command
+ line.
+
+ * Documentation for the configuration file format had a confusing
+ example.
+
+ * Older parts of the documentation described as if having a regular
+ file in .git/refs/ hierarchy were the only way to have branches and
+ tags, which is not true for quite some time.
+
+ * It was generally understood that "--long-option"s to many of our
+ subcommands can be abbreviated to the unique prefix, but it was not
+ easy to find it described for new readers of the documentation set.
+
+ * The "--topo-order", "--date-order" (and the lack of either means
+ the default order) options to "rev-list" and "log" family of
+ commands were poorly described in the documentation.
+
+ * "git commit --amend" let the user edit the log message and then
+ died when the human-readable committer name was given
+ insufficiently by getpwent(3).
+
+ * The exit status code from "git config" was way overspecified while
+ being incorrect. The implementation has been updated to give the
+ documented status for a case that was documented, and introduce a
+ new code for "all other errors".
+
+ * The output from "git diff -B" for a file that ends with an
+ incomplete line did not put "\ No newline..." on a line of its own.
+
+ * "git diff" had a confusion between taking data from a path in the
+ working tree and taking data from an object that happens to have
+ name 0{40} recorded in a tree.
+
+ * The "--rebase" option to "git pull" can be abbreviated to "-r",
+ but we didn't document it.
+
+ * When "git push" triggered the automatic gc on the receiving end, a
+ message from "git prune" that said it was removing cruft leaked to
+ the standard output, breaking the communication protocol.
+
+ * The reflog entries left by "git rebase" and "git rebase -i" were
+ inconsistent (the interactive one gave an abbreviated object name).
+
+ * "git send-email" did not unquote encoded words that appear on the
+ header correctly, and lost "_" from strings.
+
+ * "git stash apply/pop" did not trigger "rerere" upon conflicts
+ unlike other mergy operations.
+
+ * "git submodule <cmd> path" did not error out when the path to the
+ submodule was misspelt.
+
+ * "git submodule update -f" did not update paths in the working tree
+ that has local changes.
+ (merge 01d4721 sz/submodule-force-update later to maint).
+
+ * "gitweb" when used with PATH_INFO failed to notice directories with
+ SP (and other characters that need URL-style quoting) in them.
+
+ * Fallback 'getpass' implementation made unportable use of stdio API.
+
+ * A utility shell function test_seq has been added as a replacement
+ for the 'seq' utility found on some platforms.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.7.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.7.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e7e79d9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.7.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,46 @@
+Git v1.7.11.7 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.11.6
+---------------------
+
+ * The synopsis said "checkout [-B branch]" to make it clear the
+ branch name is a parameter to the option, but the heading for the
+ option description was "-B::", not "-B branch::", making the
+ documentation misleading.
+
+ * Git ships with a fall-back regexp implementation for platforms with
+ buggy regexp library, but it was easy for people to keep using their
+ platform regexp. A new test has been added to check this.
+
+ * "git apply -p0" did not parse pathnames on "diff --git" line
+ correctly. This caused patches that had pathnames in no other
+ places to be mistakenly rejected (most notably, binary patch that
+ does not rename nor change mode). Textual patches, renames or mode
+ changes have preimage and postimage pathnames in different places
+ in a form that can be parsed unambiguously and did not suffer from
+ this problem.
+
+ * After "gitk" showed the contents of a tag, neither "Reread
+ references" nor "Reload" did not update what is shown as the
+ contents of it, when the user overwrote the tag with "git tag -f".
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" did not currectly support more than one --sort
+ option.
+
+ * "git log .." errored out saying it is both rev range and a path
+ when there is no disambiguating "--" is on the command line.
+ Update the command line parser to interpret ".." as a path in such
+ a case.
+
+ * Pushing to smart HTTP server with recent Git fails without having
+ the username in the URL to force authentication, if the server is
+ configured to allow GET anonymously, while requiring authentication
+ for POST.
+
+ * "git show --format='%ci'" did not give timestamp correctly for
+ commits created without human readable name on "committer" line.
+ (merge e27ddb6 jc/maint-ident-missing-human-name later to maint).
+
+ * "git show --quiet" ought to be a synonym for "git show -s", but
+ wasn't.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..15b954c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,139 @@
+Git v1.7.11 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Updates since v1.7.10
+---------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * A new mode for push, "simple", which is a cross between "current"
+ and "upstream", has been introduced. "git push" without any refspec
+ will push the current branch out to the same name at the remote
+ repository only when it is set to track the branch with the same
+ name over there. The plan is to make this mode the new default
+ value when push.default is not configured.
+
+ * A couple of commands learned the "--column" option to produce
+ columnar output.
+
+ * A third-party tool "git subtree" is distributed in contrib/
+
+ * A remote helper that acts as a proxy and caches ssl session for the
+ https:// transport is added to the contrib/ area.
+
+ * Error messages given when @{u} is used for a branch without its
+ upstream configured have been clarified.
+
+ * Even with the "-q"uiet option, "checkout" used to report setting up
+ tracking. Also "branch" learned the "-q"uiet option to squelch
+ informational message.
+
+ * Your build platform may support hardlinks but you may prefer not to
+ use them, e.g. when installing to DESTDIR to make a tarball and
+ untarring on a filesystem that has poor support for hardlinks.
+ There is a Makefile option NO_INSTALL_HARDLINKS for you.
+
+ * The smart-http backend used to always override GIT_COMMITTER_*
+ variables with REMOTE_USER and REMOTE_ADDR, but these variables are
+ now preserved when set.
+
+ * "git am" learned the "--include" option, which is an opposite of
+ existing the "--exclude" option.
+
+ * When "git am -3" needs to fall back to an application of the patch
+ to a synthesized preimage followed by a 3-way merge, the paths that
+ needed such treatment are now reported to the end user, so that the
+ result in them can be eyeballed with extra care.
+
+ * The output from "diff/log --stat" used to always allocate 4 columns
+ to show the number of modified lines, but not anymore.
+
+ * "git difftool" learned the "--dir-diff" option to spawn external
+ diff tools that can compare two directory hierarchies at a time
+ after populating two temporary directories, instead of running an
+ instance of the external tool once per a file pair.
+
+ * The "fmt-merge-msg" command learned to list the primary contributors
+ involved in the side topic you are merging in a comment in the merge
+ commit template.
+
+ * "git rebase" learned to optionally keep commits that do not
+ introduce any change in the original history.
+
+ * "git push --recurse-submodules" learned to optionally look into the
+ histories of submodules bound to the superproject and push them
+ out.
+
+ * A 'snapshot' request to "gitweb" honors If-Modified-Since: header,
+ based on the commit date.
+
+ * "gitweb" learned to highlight the patch it outputs even more.
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * "git svn" used to die with unwanted SIGPIPE when talking with an HTTP
+ server that uses keep-alive.
+
+ * "git svn" learned to use platform specific authentication
+ providers, e.g. gnome-keyring, kwallet, etc.
+
+ * "git p4" has been moved out of the contrib/ area and has seen more
+ work on importing labels as tags from (and exporting tags as labels
+ to) p4.
+
+Performance and Internal Implementation (please report possible regressions)
+
+ * Bash completion script (in contrib/) have been cleaned up to make
+ future work on it simpler.
+
+ * An experimental "version 4" format of the index file has been
+ introduced to reduce on-disk footprint and I/O overhead.
+
+ * "git archive" learned to produce its output without reading the
+ blob object it writes out in memory in its entirety.
+
+ * "git index-pack" that runs when fetching or pushing objects to
+ complete the packfile on the receiving end learned to use multiple
+ threads to do its job when available.
+
+ * The code to compute hash values for lines used by the internal diff
+ engine was optimized on little-endian machines, using the same
+ trick the kernel folks came up with.
+
+ * "git apply" had some memory leaks plugged.
+
+ * Setting up a revision traversal with many starting points was
+ inefficient as these were placed in a date-order priority queue
+ one-by-one. Now they are collected in the queue unordered first,
+ and sorted immediately before getting used.
+
+ * More lower-level commands learned to use the streaming API to read
+ from the object store without keeping everything in core.
+
+ * The weighting parameters to suggestion command name typo have been
+ tweaked, so that "git tags" will suggest "tag?" and not "stage?".
+
+ * Because "sh" on the user's PATH may be utterly broken on some
+ systems, run-command API now uses SHELL_PATH, not /bin/sh, when
+ spawning an external command (not applicable to Windows port).
+
+ * The API to iterate over the refs/ hierarchy has been tweaked to
+ allow walking only a subset of it more efficiently.
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.10
+-------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.7.10 in the maintenance
+releases are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * "git submodule init" used to report "registered for path ..."
+ even for submodules that were registered earlier.
+ (cherry-pick c1c259e jl/submodule-report-new-path-once later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff --stat" used to fully count a binary file with modified
+ execution bits whose contents is unmodified, which was not quite
+ right.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b8f04af
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,134 @@
+Git 1.7.12.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12
+-------------------
+
+ * "git apply -p0" did not parse pathnames on "diff --git" line
+ correctly. This caused patches that had pathnames in no other
+ places to be mistakenly rejected (most notably, binary patch that
+ does not rename nor change mode). Textual patches, renames or mode
+ changes have preimage and postimage pathnames in different places
+ in a form that can be parsed unambiguously and did not suffer from
+ this problem.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick A C B" used to replay changes in A and then B and
+ then C if these three commits had committer timestamps in that
+ order, which is not what the user who said "A C B" naturally
+ expects.
+
+ * "git commit --amend" let the user edit the log message and then
+ died when the human-readable committer name was given
+ insufficiently by getpwent(3).
+
+ * Some capabilities were asked by fetch-pack even when upload-pack
+ did not advertise that they are available. fetch-pack has been
+ fixed not to do so.
+
+ * "git diff" had a confusion between taking data from a path in the
+ working tree and taking data from an object that happens to have
+ name 0{40} recorded in a tree.
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" did not correctly support more than one --sort
+ option.
+
+ * "git log .." errored out saying it is both rev range and a path
+ when there is no disambiguating "--" is on the command line.
+ Update the command line parser to interpret ".." as a path in such
+ a case.
+
+ * The "--topo-order", "--date-order" (and the lack of either means
+ the default order) options to "rev-list" and "log" family of
+ commands were poorly described in the documentation.
+
+ * "git prune" without "-v" used to warn about leftover temporary
+ files (which is an indication of an earlier aborted operation).
+
+ * Pushing to smart HTTP server with recent Git fails without having
+ the username in the URL to force authentication, if the server is
+ configured to allow GET anonymously, while requiring authentication
+ for POST.
+
+ * The reflog entries left by "git rebase" and "git rebase -i" were
+ inconsistent (the interactive one gave an abbreviated object name).
+
+ * When "git push" triggered the automatic gc on the receiving end, a
+ message from "git prune" that said it was removing cruft leaked to
+ the standard output, breaking the communication protocol.
+
+ * "git show --quiet" ought to be a synonym for "git show -s", but
+ wasn't.
+
+ * "git show --format='%ci'" did not give timestamp correctly for
+ commits created without human readable name on "committer" line.
+
+ * "git send-email" did not unquote encoded words that appear on the
+ header correctly, and lost "_" from strings.
+
+ * The interactive prompt "git send-email" gives was error prone. It
+ asked "What e-mail address do you want to use?" with the address it
+ guessed (correctly) the user would want to use in its prompt,
+ tempting the user to say "y". But the response was taken as "No,
+ please use 'y' as the e-mail address instead", which is most
+ certainly not what the user meant.
+
+ * "gitweb" when used with PATH_INFO failed to notice directories with
+ SP (and other characters that need URL-style quoting) in them.
+
+ * When the user gives an argument that can be taken as both a
+ revision name and a pathname without disambiguating with "--", we
+ used to give a help message "Use '--' to separate". The message
+ has been clarified to show where that '--' goes on the command
+ line.
+
+ * When the user exports a non-default IFS without HT, scripts that
+ rely on being able to parse "ls-files -s | while read a b c..."
+ started to fail. Protect them from such a misconfiguration.
+
+ * The attribute system may be asked for a path that itself or its
+ leading directories no longer exists in the working tree, and it is
+ fine if we cannot open .gitattribute file in such a case. Failure
+ to open per-directory .gitattributes with error status other than
+ ENOENT and ENOTDIR should be diagnosed, but it wasn't.
+
+ * After "gitk" showed the contents of a tag, neither "Reread
+ references" nor "Reload" did not update what is shown as the
+ contents of it, when the user overwrote the tag with "git tag -f".
+
+ * "ciabot" script (in contrib/) has been updated with extensive
+ documentation.
+
+ * "git-jump" script (in contrib/) did not work well when
+ diff.noprefix or diff.mnemonicprefix is in effect.
+
+ * Older parts of the documentation described as if having a regular
+ file in .git/refs/ hierarchy were the only way to have branches and
+ tags, which is not true for quite some time.
+
+ * A utility shell function test_seq has been added as a replacement
+ for the 'seq' utility found on some platforms.
+
+ * Compatibility wrapper to learn the maximum number of file
+ descriptors we can open around sysconf(_SC_OPEN_MAX) and
+ getrlimit(RLIMIT_NO_FILE) has been introduced for portability.
+
+ * We used curl_easy_strerror() without checking version of cURL,
+ breaking the build for versions before curl 7.12.0.
+
+ * Code to work around MacOS X UTF-8 gotcha has been cleaned up.
+
+ * Fallback 'getpass' implementation made unportable use of stdio API.
+
+ * The "--rebase" option to "git pull" can be abbreviated to "-r",
+ but we didn't document it.
+
+ * It was generally understood that "--long-option"s to many of our
+ subcommands can be abbreviated to the unique prefix, but it was not
+ easy to find it described for new readers of the documentation set.
+
+ * The synopsis said "checkout [-B branch]" to make it clear the
+ branch name is a parameter to the option, but the heading for the
+ option description was "-B::", not "-B branch::", making the
+ documentation misleading.
+
+Also contains numerous documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6925574
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+Git 1.7.12.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12.1
+---------------------
+
+ * When "git am" is fed an input that has multiple "Content-type: ..."
+ header, it did not grok charset= attribute correctly.
+
+ * Even during a conflicted merge, "git blame $path" always meant to
+ blame uncommitted changes to the "working tree" version; make it
+ more useful by showing cleanly merged parts as coming from the other
+ branch that is being merged.
+
+ * "git blame MAKEFILE" run in a history that has "Makefile" but not
+ "MAKEFILE" should say "No such file MAKEFILE in HEAD", but got
+ confused on a case insensitive filesystem and failed to do so.
+
+ * "git fetch --all", when passed "--no-tags", did not honor the
+ "--no-tags" option while fetching from individual remotes (the same
+ issue existed with "--tags", but combination "--all --tags" makes
+ much less sense than "--all --no-tags").
+
+ * "git log/diff/format-patch --stat" showed the "N line(s) added"
+ comment in user's locale and caused careless submitters to send
+ patches with such a line in them to projects whose project language
+ is not their language, mildly irritating others. Localization to
+ the line has been disabled for now.
+
+ * "git log --all-match --grep=A --grep=B" ought to show commits that
+ mention both A and B, but when these three options are used with
+ --author or --committer, it showed commits that mention either A or
+ B (or both) instead.
+
+ * The subcommand to remove the definition of a remote in "git remote"
+ was named "rm" even though all other subcommands were spelled out.
+ Introduce "git remote remove" to remove confusion, and keep "rm" as
+ a backward compatible synonym.
+
+Also contains a handful of documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ecda427
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git 1.7.12.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12.2
+---------------------
+
+ * "git am" mishandled a patch attached as application/octet-stream
+ (e.g. not text/*); Content-Transfer-Encoding (e.g. base64) was not
+ honored correctly.
+
+ * It was unclear in the documentation for "git blame" that it is
+ unnecessary for users to use the "--follow" option.
+
+ * A repository created with "git clone --single" had its fetch
+ refspecs set up just like a clone without "--single", leading the
+ subsequent "git fetch" to slurp all the other branches, defeating
+ the whole point of specifying "only this branch".
+
+ * "git fetch" over http had an old workaround for an unlikely server
+ misconfiguration; it turns out that this hurts debuggability of the
+ configuration in general, and has been reverted.
+
+ * "git fetch" over http advertised that it supports "deflate", which
+ is much less common, and did not advertise the more common "gzip" on
+ its Accept-Encoding header.
+
+ * "git receive-pack" (the counterpart to "git push") did not give
+ progress output while processing objects it received to the puser
+ when run over the smart-http protocol.
+
+ * "git status" honored the ignore=dirty settings in .gitmodules but
+ "git commit" didn't.
+
+Also contains a handful of documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c6da3cc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+Git 1.7.12.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12.3
+---------------------
+
+ * "git fetch" over the dumb-http revision walker could segfault when
+ curl's multi interface was used.
+
+ * It was possible to give specific paths for "asciidoc" and other
+ tools in the documentation toolchain, but not for "xmlto".
+
+ * "gitweb" did not give the correct committer timezone in its feed
+ output due to a typo.
+
+ * The "-Xours" (and similarly -Xtheirs) backend option to "git
+ merge -s recursive" was ignored for binary files. Now it is
+ honored.
+
+ * The "binary" synthetic attribute made "diff" to treat the path as
+ binary, but not "merge".
+
+Also contains many documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..010d8c7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,136 @@
+Git v1.7.12 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Updates since v1.7.11
+---------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Git can be told to normalize pathnames it read from readdir(3) and
+ all arguments it got from the command line into precomposed UTF-8
+ (assuming that they come as decomposed UTF-8), in order to work
+ around issues on Mac OS.
+
+ I think there still are other places that need conversion
+ (e.g. paths that are read from stdin for some commands), but this
+ should be a good first step in the right direction.
+
+ * Per-user $HOME/.gitconfig file can optionally be stored in
+ $HOME/.config/git/config instead, which is in line with XDG.
+
+ * The value of core.attributesfile and core.excludesfile default to
+ $HOME/.config/git/attributes and $HOME/.config/git/ignore respectively
+ when these files exist.
+
+ * Logic to disambiguate abbreviated object names have been taught to
+ take advantage of object types that are expected in the context,
+ e.g. XXXXXX in the "git describe" output v1.2.3-gXXXXXX must be a
+ commit object, not a blob nor a tree. This will help us prolong
+ the lifetime of abbreviated object names.
+
+ * "git apply" learned to wiggle the base version and perform three-way
+ merge when a patch does not exactly apply to the version you have.
+
+ * Scripted Porcelain writers now have access to the credential API via
+ the "git credential" plumbing command.
+
+ * "git help" used to always default to "man" format even on platforms
+ where "man" viewer is not widely available.
+
+ * "git clone --local $path" started its life as an experiment to
+ optionally use link/copy when cloning a repository on the disk, but
+ we didn't deprecate it after we made the option a no-op to always
+ use the optimization. The command learned "--no-local" option to
+ turn this off, as a more explicit alternative over use of file://
+ URL.
+
+ * "git fetch" and friends used to say "remote side hung up
+ unexpectedly" when they failed to get response they expect from the
+ other side, but one common reason why they don't get expected
+ response is that the remote repository does not exist or cannot be
+ read. The error message in this case was updated to give better
+ hints to the user.
+
+ * "git help -w $cmd" can show HTML version of documentation for
+ "git-$cmd" by setting help.htmlpath to somewhere other than the
+ default location where the build procedure installs them locally;
+ the variable can even point at a http:// URL.
+
+ * "git rebase [-i] --root $tip" can now be used to rewrite all the
+ history leading to "$tip" down to the root commit.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" learned "-x <cmd>" to insert "exec <cmd>" after
+ each commit in the resulting history.
+
+ * "git status" gives finer classification to various states of paths
+ in conflicted state and offer advice messages in its output.
+
+ * "git submodule" learned to deal with nested submodule structure
+ where a module is contained within a module whose origin is
+ specified as a relative URL to its superproject's origin.
+
+ * A rather heavy-ish "git completion" script has been split to create
+ a separate "git prompting" script, to help lazy-autoloading of the
+ completion part while making prompting part always available.
+
+ * "gitweb" pays attention to various forms of credits that are
+ similar to "Signed-off-by:" lines in the commit objects and
+ highlights them accordingly.
+
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * "mediawiki" remote helper (in contrib/) learned to handle file
+ attachments.
+
+ * "git p4" now uses "Jobs:" and "p4 move" when appropriate.
+
+ * vcs-svn has been updated to clean-up compilation, lift 32-bit
+ limitations, etc.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc. (please report possible regressions)
+
+ * Some tests showed false failures caused by a bug in ecryptofs.
+
+ * We no longer use AsciiDoc7 syntax in our documentation and favor a
+ more modern style.
+
+ * "git am --rebasing" codepath was taught to grab authorship, log
+ message and the patch text directly out of existing commits. This
+ will help rebasing commits that have confusing "diff" output in
+ their log messages.
+
+ * "git index-pack" and "git pack-objects" use streaming API to read
+ from the object store to avoid having to hold a large blob object
+ in-core while they are doing their thing.
+
+ * Code to match paths with exclude patterns learned to avoid calling
+ fnmatch() by comparing fixed leading substring literally when
+ possible.
+
+ * "git log -n 1 -- rarely-touched-path" was spending unnecessary
+ cycles after showing the first change to find the next one, only to
+ discard it.
+
+ * "git svn" got a large-looking code reorganization at the last
+ minute before the code freeze.
+
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.11
+-------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.7.11 in the maintenance
+releases are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * "git submodule add" was confused when the superproject did not have
+ its repository in its usual place in the working tree and GIT_DIR
+ and GIT_WORK_TREE was used to access it.
+
+ * "git commit --amend" let the user edit the log message and then died
+ when the human-readable committer name was given insufficiently by
+ getpwent(3).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.2.txt
index afb3871..ef4ce1f 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.2.txt
@@ -7,6 +7,15 @@ Fixes since v1.7.4.1
* Many documentation updates to match "git cmd -h" output and the
git-cmd manual page.
+ * We used to keep one file descriptor open for each and every packfile
+ that we have a mmap window on it (read: "in use"), even when for very
+ tiny packfiles. We now close the file descriptor early when the entire
+ packfile fits inside one mmap window.
+
+ * "git bisect visualize" tried to run "gitk" in windowing
+ environments even when "gitk" is not installed, resulting in a
+ strange error message.
+
* "git clone /no/such/path" did not fail correctly.
* "git commit" did not correctly error out when the user asked to use a
@@ -34,8 +43,15 @@ Fixes since v1.7.4.1
to update the upstream branch it forked from is now called "upstream".
The old name "tracking" is and will be supported.
+ * "git submodule update" used to honor the --merge/--rebase option (or
+ corresponding configuration variables) even for a newly cloned
+ subproject, which made no sense (so/submodule-no-update-first-time).
+
* gitweb's "highlight" interface mishandled tabs.
+ * gitweb didn't understand timezones with GMT offset that is not
+ multiple of a whole hour.
+
* gitweb had a few forward-incompatible syntactic constructs and
also used incorrect variable when showing the file mode in a diff.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..02a3d5b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+Git v1.7.4.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.4.2
+--------------------
+
+ * "git apply" used to confuse lines updated by previous hunks as lines
+ that existed before when applying a hunk, contributing misapplication
+ of patches with offsets.
+
+ * "git branch --track" (and "git checkout --track --branch") used to
+ allow setting up a random non-branch that does not make sense to follow
+ as the "upstream". The command correctly diagnoses it as an error.
+
+ * "git checkout $other_branch" silently removed untracked symbolic links
+ in the working tree that are in the way in order to check out paths
+ under it from the named branch.
+
+ * "git cvsimport" did not bail out immediately when the cvs server cannot
+ be reached, spewing unnecessary error messages that complain about the
+ server response that it never got.
+
+ * "git diff --quiet" did not work very well with the "--diff-filter"
+ option.
+
+ * "git grep -n" lacked a long-hand synonym --line-number.
+
+ * "git stash apply" reported the result of its operation by running
+ "git status" from the top-level of the working tree; it should (and
+ now does) run it from the user's working directory.
+
+And other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ff06e04
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
+Git v1.7.4.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.4.3
+--------------------
+
+ * Compilation of sha1_file.c on BSD platforms were broken due to our
+ recent use of getrlimit() without including <sys/resource.h>.
+
+ * "git config" did not diagnose incorrect configuration variable names.
+
+ * "git format-patch" did not wrap a long subject line that resulted from
+ rfc2047 encoding.
+
+ * "git instaweb" should work better again with plackup.
+
+ * "git log --max-count=4 -Sfoobar" now shows 4 commits that changes the
+ number of occurrences of string "foobar"; it used to scan only for 4
+ commits and then emitted only matching ones.
+
+ * "git log --first-parent --boundary $c^..$c" segfaulted on a merge.
+
+ * "git pull" into an empty branch should have behaved as if
+ fast-forwarding from emptiness to the version being pulled, with
+ the usual protection against overwriting untracked files.
+
+ * "git submodule" that is run while a merge in the superproject is in
+ conflicted state tried to process each conflicted submodule up to
+ three times.
+
+ * "git status" spent all the effort to notice racily-clean index entries
+ but didn't update the index file to help later operations go faster in
+ some cases.
+
+And other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b7a0eeb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.4.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+Git v1.7.4.5 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+This contains only minor documentation fixes accumulated since 1.7.4.4.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c6ebd76
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+Git v1.7.5.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.5
+------------------
+
+ * When an object "$tree:$path" does not exist, if $path does exist in the
+ subtree of $tree that corresponds to the subdirectory the user is in,
+ git now suggests using "$tree:./$path" in addition to the advice to use
+ the full path from the root of the working tree.
+
+ * The "--date=relative" output format used to say "X years, 12 months"
+ when it should have said "X+1 years".
+
+ * The smart-HTTP transfer was broken in 1.7.5 when the client needs
+ to issue a small POST (which uses content-length) and then a large
+ POST (which uses chunked) back to back.
+
+ * "git clean" used to fail on an empty directory that is not readable,
+ even though rmdir(2) could remove such a directory. Now we attempt it
+ as the last resort.
+
+ * The "--dirstat" option of "diff" family of commands used to totally
+ ignore a change that only rearranged lines within a file. Such a
+ change now counts as at least a minimum but non zero change.
+
+ * The "--dirstat" option of "diff" family of commands used to use the
+ pathname in the original, instead of the pathname in the result,
+ when renames are involved.
+
+ * "git pack-object" did not take core.bigfilethreashold into account
+ (unlike fast-import); now it does.
+
+ * "git reflog" ignored options like "--format=.." on the command line.
+
+ * "git stash apply" used to refuse to work if there was any change in
+ the working tree, even when the change did not overlap with the change
+ the stash recorded.
+
+ * "git stash apply @{99999}" was not diagnosed as an error, even when you
+ did not have that many stash entries.
+
+ * An error message from "git send-email" to diagnose a broken SMTP
+ connection configuration lacked a space between "hello=<smtp-domain>"
+ and "port=<smtp-server-port>".
+
+And other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..951eb7c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
+Git v1.7.5.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+The release notes to 1.7.5.1 forgot to mention:
+
+ * "git stash -p --no-keep-index" and "git stash --no-keep-index -p" now
+ mean the same thing.
+
+ * "git upload-pack" (hence "git push" over git native protocol) had a
+ subtle race condition that could lead to a deadlock.
+
+Fixes since v1.7.5.1
+--------------------
+
+ * "git add -p" did not work correctly when a hunk is split and then
+ one of them was given to the editor.
+
+ * "git add -u" did not resolve a conflict where our history deleted and
+ their history modified the same file, and the working tree resolved to
+ keep a file.
+
+ * "git cvsimport" did not know that CVSNT stores its password file in a
+ location different from the traditional CVS.
+
+ * "git diff-files" did not show the mode information from the working
+ tree side of an unmerged path correctly.
+
+ * "git diff -M --cached" used to use unmerged path as a possible rename
+ source candidate, which made no sense.
+
+ * The option name parser in "git fast-import" used prefix matches for
+ some options where it shouldn't, and accepted non-existent options,
+ e.g. "--relative-marksmith" or "--forceps".
+
+ * "git format-patch" did not quote RFC822 special characters in the
+ email address (e.g From: Junio C. Hamano <jch@example.com>, not
+ From: "Junio C. Hamano" <jch@example.com>).
+
+ * "git format-patch" when run with "--quiet" option used to produce a
+ nonsense result that consists of alternating empty output.
+
+ * In "git merge", per-branch branch.<name>.mergeoptions configuration
+ variables did not override the fallback default merge.<option>
+ configuration variables such as merge.ff, merge.log, etc.
+
+ * "git merge-one-file" did not honor GIT_WORK_TREE settings when
+ handling a "both sides added, differently" conflict.
+
+ * "git mergetool" did not handle conflicted submoudules gracefully.
+
+ * "git-p4" (in contrib) used a wrong base image while merge a file that
+ was added on both branches differently.
+
+ * "git rebase -i -p" failed to preserve the history when there is a
+ redundant merge created with the --no-ff option.
+
+And other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9c03353
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+Git v1.7.5.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.5.2
+--------------------
+
+ * The bash completion scripts should correctly work using zsh's bash
+ completion emulation layer now.
+
+ * Setting $(prefix) in config.mak did not affect where etc/gitconfig
+ file is read from, even though passing it from the command line of
+ $(MAKE) did.
+
+ * The logic to handle "&" (expand to UNIX username) in GECOS field
+ miscounted the length of the name it formatted.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick -s resolve" failed to cherry-pick a root commit.
+
+ * "git diff --word-diff" misbehaved when diff.suppress-blank-empty was
+ in effect.
+
+ * "git log --stdin path" with an input that has additional pathspec
+ used to corrupt memory.
+
+ * "git send-pack" (hence "git push") over smalt-HTTP protocol could
+ deadlock when the client side pack-object died early.
+
+ * Compressed tarball gitweb generates used to be made with the timestamp
+ of the tarball generation; this was bad because snapshot from the same
+ tree should result in a same tarball.
+
+And other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cf3f455
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+Git v1.7.5.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.5.3
+--------------------
+
+ * The single-key mode of "git add -p" was easily fooled into thinking
+ that it was told to add everthing ('a') when up-arrow was pressed by
+ mistake.
+
+ * Setting a git command that uses custom configuration via "-c var=val"
+ as an alias caused a crash due to a realloc(3) failure.
+
+ * "git diff -C -C" used to disable the rename detection entirely when
+ there are too many copy candidate paths in the tree; now it falls
+ back to "-C" when doing so would keep the copy candidate paths
+ under the rename detection limit.
+
+ * "git rerere" did not diagnose a corrupt MERGE_RR file in some cases.
+
+And other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.txt
index bb0eb40..987919c 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.txt
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-Git v1.7.5 Release Notes (draft)
+Git v1.7.5 Release Notes
========================
Updates since v1.7.4
@@ -8,17 +8,26 @@ Updates since v1.7.4
* Various git-p4 enhancements (in contrib).
- * Various vcs-svn enhancements.
+ * Various vcs-svn, git-svn and gitk enhancements and fixes.
+
+ * Various git-gui updates (0.14.0).
* Update to more modern HP-UX port.
+ * The codebase is getting prepared for i18n/l10n; no translated
+ strings nor translation mechanism in the code yet, but the strings
+ are being marked for l10n.
+
+ * The bash completion script can now complete symmetric difference
+ for "git diff" command, e.g. "git diff ...bra<TAB>".
+
+ * The default minimum length of abbreviated and unique object names
+ can now be configured by setting the core.abbrev configuration
+ variable.
+
* "git apply -v" reports offset lines when the patch does not apply at
the exact location recorded in the diff output.
- * "git branch --track" (and "git checkout --track --branch") used to
- allow setting up a random non-branch that does not make sense to follow
- as the "upstream". The command correctly diagnoses it as an error.
-
* "git config" used to be also known as "git repo-config", but the old
name is now officially deprecated.
@@ -40,12 +49,43 @@ Updates since v1.7.4
reached, without spewing unnecessary error messages that complain about
the server response it never got.
+ * "git fetch" vs "git upload-pack" transfer learned 'no-done'
+ protocol extension to save one round-trip after the content
+ negotiation is done. This saves one HTTP RPC, reducing the overall
+ latency for a trivial fetch.
+
+ * "git fetch" can be told to recursively fetch submodules on-demand.
+
+ * "git grep -f <filename>" learned to treat "-" as "read from the
+ standard input stream".
+
* "git grep --no-index" did not honor pathspecs correctly, returning
paths outside the specified area.
+ * "git init" learned the --separate-git-dir option to allow the git
+ directory for a new repository created elsewhere and linked via the
+ gitdir mechanism. This is primarily to help submodule support later
+ to switch between a branch of superproject that has the submodule
+ and another that does not.
+
* "git log" type commands now understand globbing pathspecs. You
can say "git log -- '*.txt'" for example.
+ * "git log" family of commands learned --cherry and --cherry-mark
+ options that can be used to view two diverged branches while omitting
+ or highlighting equivalent changes that appear on both sides of a
+ symmetric difference (e.g. "log --cherry A...B").
+
+ * A lazy "git merge" that didn't say what to merge used to be an error.
+ When run on a branch that has an upstream defined, however, the command
+ now merges from the configured upstream.
+
+ * "git mergetool" learned how to drive "beyond compare 3" as well.
+
+ * "git rerere forget" without pathspec used to forget all the saved
+ conflicts that relate to the current merge; it now requires you to
+ give it pathspecs.
+
* "git rev-list --objects $revs -- $pathspec" now limits the objects listed
in its output properly with the pathspec, in preparation for narrow
clones.
@@ -54,16 +94,16 @@ Updates since v1.7.4
"tracking" is used as the push.default semantics or there is no remote
configured yet.
+ * A possible value to the "push.default" configuration variable,
+ 'tracking', gained a synonym that more naturally describes what it
+ does, 'upstream'.
+
* "git rerere" learned a new subcommand "remaining" that is similar to
"status" and lists the paths that had conflicts which are known to
rerere, but excludes the paths that have already been marked as
resolved in the index from its output. "git mergetool" has been
updated to use this facility.
- * A possible value to the "push.default" configuration variable,
- 'tracking', gained a synonym that more naturally describes what it
- does, 'upstream'.
-
Also contains various documentation updates.
@@ -73,25 +113,20 @@ Fixes since v1.7.4
All of the fixes in the v1.7.4.X maintenance series are included in this
release, unless otherwise noted.
- * We used to keep one file descriptor open for each and every packfile
- that we have a mmap window on it (read: "in use"), even when for very
- tiny packfiles. We now close the file descriptor early when the entire
- packfile fits inside one mmap window.
-
- * "git apply" used to confuse lines updated by previous hunks as lines
- that existed before when applying a hunk, contributing misapplication
- of patches with offsets.
-
- * "git checkout $other_branch" silently removed untracked symbolic links
- in the working tree that are in the way in order to check out paths
- under it from the named branch (js/checkout-untracked-symlink).
-
- * "git submodule update" used to honor the --merge/--rebase option (or
- corresponding configuration variables) even for a newly cloned
- subproject, which made no sense (so/submodule-no-update-first-time).
-
----
-exec >/var/tmp/1
-O=v1.7.4.1-291-g01de349
-echo O=$(git describe 'master')
-git shortlog --no-merges ^maint ^$O master
+ * "git fetch" from a client that is mostly following the remote
+ needlessly told all of its refs to the server for both sides to
+ compute the set of objects that need to be transferred efficiently,
+ instead of stopping when the server heard enough. In a project with
+ many tags, this turns out to be extremely wasteful, especially over
+ the smart HTTP transport (sp/maint-{upload,fetch}-pack-stop-early~1).
+
+ * "git fetch" run from a repository that uses the same repository as
+ its alternate object store as the repository it is fetching from
+ did not tell the server that it already has access to objects
+ reachable from the refs in their common alternate object store,
+ causing it to fetch unnecessary objects (jc/maint-fetch-alt).
+
+ * "git remote add --mirror" created a configuration that is suitable for
+ doing both a mirror fetch and a mirror push at the same time, which
+ made little sense. We now warn and require the command line to specify
+ either --mirror=fetch or --mirror=push.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..42e46ab
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+Git v1.7.6.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.6
+------------------
+
+ * Various codepaths that invoked zlib deflate/inflate assumed that these
+ functions can compress or uncompress more than 4GB data in one call on
+ platforms with 64-bit long, which has been corrected.
+
+ * "git unexecutable" reported that "unexecutable" was not found, even
+ though the actual error was that "unexecutable" was found but did
+ not have a proper she-bang line to be executed.
+
+ * Error exits from $PAGER were silently ignored.
+
+ * "git checkout -b <branch>" was confused when attempting to create a
+ branch whose name ends with "-g" followed by hexadecimal digits,
+ and refused to work.
+
+ * "git checkout -b <branch>" sometimes wrote a bogus reflog entry,
+ causing later "git checkout -" to fail.
+
+ * "git diff --cc" learned to correctly ignore binary files.
+
+ * "git diff -c/--cc" mishandled a deletion that resolves a conflict, and
+ looked in the working tree instead.
+
+ * "git fast-export" forgot to quote pathnames with unsafe characters
+ in its output.
+
+ * "git fetch" over smart-http transport used to abort when the
+ repository was updated between the initial connection and the
+ subsequent object transfer.
+
+ * "git fetch" did not recurse into submodules in subdirectories.
+
+ * "git ls-tree" did not error out when asked to show a corrupt tree.
+
+ * "git pull" without any argument left an extra whitespace after the
+ command name in its reflog.
+
+ * "git push --quiet" was not really quiet.
+
+ * "git rebase -i -p" incorrectly dropped commits from side branches.
+
+ * "git reset [<commit>] paths..." did not reset the index entry correctly
+ for unmerged paths.
+
+ * "git submodule add" did not allow a relative repository path when
+ the superproject did not have any default remote url.
+
+ * "git submodule foreach" failed to correctly give the standard input to
+ the user-supplied command it invoked.
+
+ * submodules that the user has never showed interest in by running
+ "git submodule init" was incorrectly marked as interesting by "git
+ submodule sync".
+
+ * "git submodule update --quiet" was not really quiet.
+
+ * "git tag -l <glob>..." did not take multiple glob patterns from the
+ command line.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..67ae414
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
+Git v1.7.6.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.6.1
+--------------------
+
+ * v1.7.6.1 broke "git push --quiet"; it used to be a no-op against an old
+ version of Git running on the other end, but v1.7.6.1 made it abort.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9597183
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+Git v1.7.6.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.6.2
+--------------------
+
+ * "git -c var=value subcmd" misparsed the custom configuration when
+ value contained an equal sign.
+
+ * "git fetch" had a major performance regression, wasting many
+ needless cycles in a repository where there is no submodules
+ present. This was especially bad, when there were many refs.
+
+ * "git reflog $refname" did not default to the "show" subcommand as
+ the documentation advertised the command to do.
+
+ * "git reset" did not leave meaningful log message in the reflog.
+
+ * "git status --ignored" did not show ignored items when there is no
+ untracked items.
+
+ * "git tag --contains $commit" was unnecessarily inefficient.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e19acac
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+Git v1.7.6.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.6.3
+--------------------
+
+ * The error reporting logic of "git am" when the command is fed a file
+ whose mail-storage format is unknown was fixed.
+
+ * "git branch --set-upstream @{-1} foo" did not expand @{-1} correctly.
+
+ * "git check-ref-format --print" used to parrot a candidate string that
+ began with a slash (e.g. /refs/heads/master) without stripping it, to make
+ the result a suitably normalized string the caller can append to "$GIT_DIR/".
+
+ * "git clone" failed to clone locally from a ".git" file that itself
+ is not a directory but is a pointer to one.
+
+ * "git clone" from a local repository that borrows from another
+ object store using a relative path in its objects/info/alternates
+ file did not adjust the alternates in the resulting repository.
+
+ * "git describe --dirty" did not refresh the index before checking the
+ state of the working tree files.
+
+ * "git ls-files ../$path" that is run from a subdirectory reported errors
+ incorrectly when there is no such path that matches the given pathspec.
+
+ * "git mergetool" could loop forever prompting when nothing can be read
+ from the standard input.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6713132
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+Git v1.7.6.5 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.6.4
+--------------------
+
+ * The date parser did not accept timezone designators that lack minutes
+ part and also has a colon between "hh:mm".
+
+ * After fetching from a remote that has very long refname, the reporting
+ output could have corrupted by overrunning a static buffer.
+
+ * "git mergetool" did not use its arguments as pathspec, but as a path to
+ the file that may not even have any conflict.
+
+ * "git name-rev --all" tried to name all _objects_, naturally failing to
+ describe many blobs and trees, instead of showing only commits as
+ advertised in its documentation.
+
+ * "git remote rename $a $b" were not careful to match the remote name
+ against $a (i.e. source side of the remote nickname).
+
+ * "gitweb" used to produce a non-working link while showing the contents
+ of a blob, when JavaScript actions are enabled.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5343e00
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+Git v1.7.6.6 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.6.5
+--------------------
+
+ * The code to look up attributes for paths reused entries from a wrong
+ directory when two paths in question are in adjacent directories and
+ the name of the one directory is a prefix of the other.
+
+ * When producing a "thin pack" (primarily used in bundles and smart
+ HTTP transfers) out of a fully packed repository, we unnecessarily
+ avoided sending recent objects as a delta against objects we know
+ the other side has.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9ec498e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,136 @@
+Git v1.7.6 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Updates since v1.7.5
+--------------------
+
+ * Various git-svn updates.
+
+ * Updates the way content tags are handled in gitweb. Also adds
+ a UI to choose common timezone for displaying the dates.
+
+ * Similar to branch names, tagnames that begin with "-" are now
+ disallowed.
+
+ * Clean-up of the C part of i18n (but not l10n---please wait)
+ continues.
+
+ * The scripting part of the codebase is getting prepared for i18n/l10n.
+
+ * Pushing and pulling from a repository with large number of refs that
+ point to identical commits are optimized by not listing the same commit
+ during the common ancestor negotiation exchange with the other side.
+
+ * Adding a file larger than core.bigfilethreshold (defaults to 1/2 Gig)
+ using "git add" will send the contents straight to a packfile without
+ having to hold it and its compressed representation both at the same
+ time in memory.
+
+ * Processes spawned by "[alias] <name> = !process" in the configuration
+ can inspect GIT_PREFIX environment variable to learn where in the
+ working tree the original command was invoked.
+
+ * A magic pathspec ":/" tells a command that limits its operation to
+ the current directory when ran from a subdirectory to work on the
+ entire working tree. In general, ":/path/to/file" would be relative
+ to the root of the working tree hierarchy.
+
+ After "git reset --hard; edit Makefile; cd t/", "git add -u" would
+ be a no-op, but "git add -u :/" would add the updated contents of
+ the Makefile at the top level. If you want to name a path in the
+ current subdirectory whose unusual name begins with ":/", you can
+ name it by "./:/that/path" or by "\:/that/path".
+
+ * "git blame" learned "--abbrev[=<n>]" option to control the minimum
+ number of hexdigits shown for commit object names.
+
+ * "git blame" learned "--line-porcelain" that is less efficient but is
+ easier to parse.
+
+ * Aborting "git commit --interactive" discards updates to the index
+ made during the interactive session.
+
+ * "git commit" learned a "--patch" option to directly jump to the
+ per-hunk selection UI of the interactive mode.
+
+ * "git diff" and its family of commands learned --dirstat=0 to show
+ directories that contribute less than 0.1% of changes.
+
+ * "git diff" and its family of commands learned --dirstat=lines mode to
+ assess damage to the directory based on number of lines in the patch
+ output, not based on the similarity numbers.
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned "--quiet" option to suppress the output of
+ the names of generated files.
+
+ * "git format-patch" quotes people's names when it has RFC822 special
+ characters in it, e.g. "Junio C. Hamano" <jch@example.com>. Earlier
+ it was up to the user to do this when using its output.
+
+ * "git format-patch" can take an empty --subject-prefix now.
+
+ * "git grep" learned the "-P" option to take pcre regular expressions.
+
+ * "git log" and friends learned a new "--notes" option to replace the
+ "--show-notes" option. Unlike "--show-notes", "--notes=<ref>" does
+ not imply showing the default notes.
+
+ * They also learned a log.abbrevCommit configuration variable to augment
+ the --abbrev-commit command line option.
+
+ * "git ls-remote" learned "--exit-code" option to consider it a
+ different kind of error when no remote ref to be shown.
+
+ * "git merge" learned "-" as a short-hand for "the previous branch", just
+ like the way "git checkout -" works.
+
+ * "git merge" uses "merge.ff" configuration variable to decide to always
+ create a merge commit (i.e. --no-ff, aka merge.ff=no), refuse to create
+ a merge commit (i.e. --ff-only, aka merge.ff=only). Setting merge.ff=yes
+ (or not setting it at all) restores the default behaviour of allowing
+ fast-forward to happen when possible.
+
+ * p4-import (from contrib) learned a new option --preserve-user.
+
+ * "git read-tree -m" learned "--dry-run" option that reports if a merge
+ would fail without touching the index nor the working tree.
+
+ * "git rebase" that does not specify on top of which branch to rebase
+ the current branch now uses @{upstream} of the current branch.
+
+ * "git rebase" finished either normally or with --abort did not
+ update the reflog for HEAD to record the event to come back to
+ where it started from.
+
+ * "git remote add -t only-this-branch --mirror=fetch" is now allowed. Earlier
+ a fetch-mode mirror meant mirror everything, but now it only means refs are
+ not renamed.
+
+ * "git rev-list --count" used with "--cherry-mark" counts the cherry-picked
+ commits separately, producing more a useful output.
+
+ * "git submodule update" learned "--force" option to get rid of local
+ changes in submodules and replace them with the up-to-date version.
+
+ * "git status" and friends ignore .gitmodules file while the file is
+ still in a conflicted state during a merge, to avoid using information
+ that is not final and possibly corrupt with conflict markers.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and minor miscellaneous
+changes.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.5
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes in 1.7.5.X maintenance track are
+included in this release.
+
+ * "git config" used to choke with an insanely long line.
+ (merge ef/maint-strbuf-init later)
+
+ * "git diff --quiet" did not work well with --diff-filter.
+ (merge jk/diff-not-so-quick later)
+
+ * "git status -z" did not default to --porcelain output format.
+ (merge bc/maint-status-z-to-use-porcelain later)
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ac9b838
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@
+Git v1.7.7.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.7
+------------------
+
+ * On some BSD systems, adding +s bit on directories is detrimental
+ (it is not necessary on BSD to begin with). "git init --shared"
+ has been updated to take this into account without extra makefile
+ settings on platforms the Makefile knows about.
+
+ * After incorrectly written third-party tools store a tag object in
+ HEAD, git diagnosed it as a repository corruption and refused to
+ proceed in order to avoid spreading the damage. We now gracefully
+ recover from such a situation by pretending as if the commit that
+ is pointed at by the tag were in HEAD.
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=error" did not bother to report the exact
+ line number in the patch that introduced new blank lines at the end
+ of the file.
+
+ * "git apply --index" did not check corrupted patch.
+
+ * "git checkout $tree $directory/" resurrected paths locally removed or
+ modified only in the working tree in $directory/ that did not appear
+ in $directory of the given $tree. They should have been kept intact.
+
+ * "git diff $tree $path" used to apply the pathspec at the output stage,
+ reading the whole tree, wasting resources.
+
+ * The code to check for updated submodules during a "git fetch" of the
+ superproject had an unnecessary quadratic loop.
+
+ * "git fetch" from a large bundle did not enable the progress output.
+
+ * When "git fsck --lost-and-found" found that an empty blob object in the
+ object store is unreachable, it incorrectly reported an error after
+ writing the lost blob out successfully.
+
+ * "git filter-branch" did not refresh the index before checking that the
+ working tree was clean.
+
+ * "git grep $tree" when run with multiple threads had an unsafe access to
+ the object database that should have been protected with mutex.
+
+ * The "--ancestry-path" option to "git log" and friends misbehaved in a
+ history with complex criss-cross merges and showed an uninteresting
+ side history as well.
+
+ * Test t1304 assumed LOGNAME is always set, which may not be true on
+ some systems.
+
+ * Tests with --valgrind failed to find "mergetool" scriptlets.
+
+ * "git patch-id" miscomputed the patch-id in a patch that has a line longer
+ than 1kB.
+
+ * When an "exec" insn failed after modifying the index and/or the working
+ tree during "rebase -i", we now check and warn that the changes need to
+ be cleaned up.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e6bbef2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+Git v1.7.7.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.7.1
+--------------------
+
+ * We used to drop error messages from libcurl on certain kinds of
+ errors.
+
+ * Error report from smart HTTP transport, when the connection was
+ broken in the middle of a transfer, showed a useless message on
+ a corrupt packet.
+
+ * "git fetch --prune" was unsafe when used with refspecs from the
+ command line.
+
+ * The attribute mechanism did not use case insensitive match when
+ core.ignorecase was set.
+
+ * "git bisect" did not notice when it failed to update the working tree
+ to the next commit to be tested.
+
+ * "git config --bool --get-regexp" failed to separate the variable name
+ and its value "true" when the variable is defined without "= true".
+
+ * "git remote rename $a $b" were not careful to match the remote name
+ against $a (i.e. source side of the remote nickname).
+
+ * "git mergetool" did not use its arguments as pathspec, but as a path to
+ the file that may not even have any conflict.
+
+ * "git diff --[num]stat" used to use the number of lines of context
+ different from the default, potentially giving different results from
+ "git diff | diffstat" and confusing the users.
+
+ * "git pull" and "git rebase" did not work well even when GIT_WORK_TREE is
+ set correctly with GIT_DIR if the current directory is outside the working
+ tree.
+
+ * "git send-email" did not honor the configured hostname when restarting
+ the HELO/EHLO exchange after switching TLS on.
+
+ * "gitweb" used to produce a non-working link while showing the contents
+ of a blob, when JavaScript actions are enabled.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..09301f0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
+Git v1.7.7.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.7.2
+--------------------
+
+ * Adjust the "quick-install-doc" procedures as preformatted
+ html/manpage are no longer in the source repository.
+
+ * The logic to optimize the locality of the data in a pack introduced in
+ 1.7.7 was grossly inefficient.
+
+ * The logic to filter out forked projects in the project list in
+ "gitweb" was broken for some time.
+
+ * "git branch -m/-M" advertised to update RENAME_REF ref in the
+ commit log message that introduced the feature but not anywhere in
+ the documentation, and never did update such a ref anyway. This
+ undocumented misfeature that did not exist has been excised.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e523448
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+Git v1.7.7.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.7.3
+--------------------
+
+ * A few header dependencies were missing from the Makefile.
+
+ * Some newer parts of the code used C99 __VA_ARGS__ while we still
+ try to cater to older compilers.
+
+ * "git name-rev --all" tried to name all _objects_, naturally failing to
+ describe many blobs and trees, instead of showing only commits as
+ advertised in its documentation.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7b09319
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+Git v1.7.7.5 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.7.4
+--------------------
+
+ * After fetching from a remote that has very long refname, the reporting
+ output could have corrupted by overrunning a static buffer.
+
+ * "git checkout" and "git merge" treated in-tree .gitignore and exclude
+ file in $GIT_DIR/info/ directory inconsistently when deciding which
+ untracked files are ignored and expendable.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8df606d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+Git v1.7.7.6 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.7.5
+--------------------
+
+ * The code to look up attributes for paths reused entries from a wrong
+ directory when two paths in question are in adjacent directories and
+ the name of the one directory is a prefix of the other.
+
+ * A wildcard that matches deeper hierarchy given to the "diff-index" command,
+ e.g. "git diff-index HEAD -- '*.txt'", incorrectly reported additions of
+ matching files even when there is no change.
+
+ * When producing a "thin pack" (primarily used in bundles and smart
+ HTTP transfers) out of a fully packed repository, we unnecessarily
+ avoided sending recent objects as a delta against objects we know
+ the other side has.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.7.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.7.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e79118d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.7.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+Git v1.7.7.7 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.7.6
+--------------------
+
+ * An error message from 'git bundle' had an unmatched single quote pair in it.
+
+ * 'git diff --histogram' option was not described.
+
+ * 'git imap-send' carried an unused dead code.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7655ccc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.7.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,134 @@
+Git v1.7.7 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Updates since v1.7.6
+--------------------
+
+ * The scripting part of the codebase is getting prepared for i18n/l10n.
+
+ * Interix, Cygwin and Minix ports got updated.
+
+ * Various updates to git-p4 (in contrib/), fast-import, and git-svn.
+
+ * Gitweb learned to read from /etc/gitweb-common.conf when it exists,
+ before reading from gitweb_config.perl or from /etc/gitweb.conf
+ (this last one is read only when per-repository gitweb_config.perl
+ does not exist).
+
+ * Various codepaths that invoked zlib deflate/inflate assumed that these
+ functions can compress or uncompress more than 4GB data in one call on
+ platforms with 64-bit long, which has been corrected.
+
+ * Git now recognizes loose objects written by other implementations that
+ use a non-standard window size for zlib deflation (e.g. Agit running on
+ Android with 4kb window). We used to reject anything that was not
+ deflated with 32kb window.
+
+ * Interaction between the use of pager and coloring of the output has
+ been improved, especially when a command that is not built-in was
+ involved.
+
+ * "git am" learned to pass the "--exclude=<path>" option through to underlying
+ "git apply".
+
+ * You can now feed many empty lines before feeding an mbox file to
+ "git am".
+
+ * "git archive" can be told to pass the output to gzip compression and
+ produce "archive.tar.gz".
+
+ * "git bisect" can be used in a bare repository (provided that the test
+ you perform per each iteration does not need a working tree, of
+ course).
+
+ * The length of abbreviated object names in "git branch -v" output
+ now honors the core.abbrev configuration variable.
+
+ * "git check-attr" can take relative paths from the command line.
+
+ * "git check-attr" learned an "--all" option to list the attributes for a
+ given path.
+
+ * "git checkout" (both the code to update the files upon checking out a
+ different branch and the code to checkout a specific set of files) learned
+ to stream the data from object store when possible, without having to
+ read the entire contents of a file into memory first. An earlier round
+ of this code that is not in any released version had a large leak but
+ now it has been plugged.
+
+ * "git clone" can now take a "--config key=value" option to set the
+ repository configuration options that affect the initial checkout.
+
+ * "git commit <paths>..." now lets you feed relative pathspecs that
+ refer to outside your current subdirectory.
+
+ * "git diff --stat" learned a --stat-count option to limit the output of
+ a diffstat report.
+
+ * "git diff" learned a "--histogram" option to use a different diff
+ generation machinery stolen from jgit, which might give better
+ performance.
+
+ * "git diff" had a weird worst case behaviour that can be triggered
+ when comparing files with potentially many places that could match.
+
+ * "git fetch", "git push" and friends no longer show connection
+ errors for addresses that couldn't be connected to when at least one
+ address succeeds (this is arguably a regression but a deliberate
+ one).
+
+ * "git grep" learned "--break" and "--heading" options, to let users mimic
+ the output format of "ack".
+
+ * "git grep" learned a "-W" option that shows wider context using the same
+ logic used by "git diff" to determine the hunk header.
+
+ * Invoking the low-level "git http-fetch" without "-a" option (which
+ git itself never did---normal users should not have to worry about
+ this) is now deprecated.
+
+ * The "--decorate" option to "git log" and its family learned to
+ highlight grafted and replaced commits.
+
+ * "git rebase master topci" no longer spews usage hints after giving
+ the "fatal: no such branch: topci" error message.
+
+ * The recursive merge strategy implementation got a fairly large
+ fix for many corner cases that may rarely happen in real world
+ projects (it has been verified that none of the 16000+ merges in
+ the Linux kernel history back to v2.6.12 is affected with the
+ corner case bugs this update fixes).
+
+ * "git stash" learned an "--include-untracked option".
+
+ * "git submodule update" used to stop at the first error updating a
+ submodule; it now goes on to update other submodules that can be
+ updated, and reports the ones with errors at the end.
+
+ * "git push" can be told with the "--recurse-submodules=check" option to
+ refuse pushing of the supermodule, if any of its submodules'
+ commits hasn't been pushed out to their remotes.
+
+ * "git upload-pack" and "git receive-pack" learned to pretend that only a
+ subset of the refs exist in a repository. This may help a site to
+ put many tiny repositories into one repository (this would not be
+ useful for larger repositories as repacking would be problematic).
+
+ * "git verify-pack" has been rewritten to use the "index-pack" machinery
+ that is more efficient in reading objects in packfiles.
+
+ * test scripts for gitweb tried to run even when CGI-related perl modules
+ are not installed; they now exit early when the latter are unavailable.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and minor miscellaneous
+changes.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.6
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all fixes in the 1.7.6.X maintenance track are
+included in this release.
+
+ * "git branch -m" and "git checkout -b" incorrectly allowed the tip
+ of the branch that is currently checked out updated.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..33dc948
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,38 @@
+Git v1.7.8.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.8
+------------------
+
+ * In some codepaths (notably, checkout and merge), the ignore patterns
+ recorded in $GIT_DIR/info/exclude were not honored. They now are.
+
+ * "git apply --check" did not error out when given an empty input
+ without any patch.
+
+ * "git archive" mistakenly allowed remote clients to ask for commits
+ that are not at the tip of any ref.
+
+ * "git checkout" and "git merge" treated in-tree .gitignore and exclude
+ file in $GIT_DIR/info/ directory inconsistently when deciding which
+ untracked files are ignored and expendable.
+
+ * LF-to-CRLF streaming filter used when checking out a large-ish blob
+ fell into an infinite loop with a rare input.
+
+ * The function header pattern for files with "diff=cpp" attribute did
+ not consider "type *funcname(type param1,..." as the beginning of a
+ function.
+
+ * The error message from "git diff" and "git status" when they fail
+ to inspect changes in submodules did not report which submodule they
+ had trouble with.
+
+ * After fetching from a remote that has very long refname, the reporting
+ output could have corrupted by overrunning a static buffer.
+
+ * "git pack-objects" avoids creating cyclic dependencies among deltas
+ when seeing a broken packfile that records the same object in both
+ the deflated form and as a delta.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e74f4ef
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,71 @@
+Git v1.7.8.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.8.1
+--------------------
+
+ * Porcelain commands like "git reset" did not distinguish deletions
+ and type-changes from ordinary modification, and reported them with
+ the same 'M' moniker. They now use 'D' (for deletion) and 'T' (for
+ type-change) to match "git status -s" and "git diff --name-status".
+
+ * The configuration file parser used for sizes (e.g. bigFileThreshold)
+ did not correctly interpret 'g' suffix.
+
+ * The replacement implemention for snprintf used on platforms with
+ native snprintf that is broken did not use va_copy correctly.
+
+ * LF-to-CRLF streaming filter replaced all LF with CRLF, which might
+ be techinically correct but not friendly to people who are trying
+ to recover from earlier mistakes of using CRLF in the repository
+ data in the first place. It now refrains from doing so for LF that
+ follows a CR.
+
+ * git native connection going over TCP (not over SSH) did not set
+ SO_KEEPALIVE option which failed to receive link layer errors.
+
+ * "git branch -m <current branch> HEAD" is an obvious no-op but was not
+ allowed.
+
+ * "git checkout -m" did not recreate the conflicted state in a "both
+ sides added, without any common ancestor version" conflict
+ situation.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick $commit" (not a range) created an unnecessary
+ sequencer state and interfered with valid workflow to use the
+ command during a session to cherry-pick multiple commits.
+
+ * You could make "git commit" segfault by giving the "--no-message"
+ option.
+
+ * "fast-import" did not correctly update an existing notes tree,
+ possibly corrupting the fan-out.
+
+ * "git fetch-pack" accepted unqualified refs that do not begin with
+ refs/ by mistake and compensated it by matching the refspec with
+ tail-match, which was doubly wrong. This broke fetching from a
+ repository with a funny named ref "refs/foo/refs/heads/master" and a
+ 'master' branch with "git fetch-pack refs/heads/master", as the
+ command incorrectly considered the former a "match".
+
+ * "git log --follow" did not honor the rename threshold score given
+ with the -M option (e.g. "-M50%").
+
+ * "git mv" gave suboptimal error/warning messages when it overwrites
+ target files. It also did not pay attention to "-v" option.
+
+ * Authenticated "git push" over dumb HTTP were broken with a recent
+ change and failed without asking for password when username is
+ given.
+
+ * "git push" to an empty repository over HTTP were broken with a
+ recent change to the ref handling.
+
+ * "git push -v" forgot how to be verbose by mistake. It now properly
+ becomes verbose when asked to.
+
+ * When a "reword" action in "git rebase -i" failed to run "commit --amend",
+ we did not give the control back to the user to resolve the situation, and
+ instead kept the original commit log message.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a92714c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+Git v1.7.8.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.8.2
+--------------------
+
+ * Attempt to fetch from an empty file pretending it to be a bundle did
+ not error out correctly.
+
+ * gitweb did not correctly fall back to configured $fallback_encoding
+ that is not 'latin1'.
+
+ * "git clone --depth $n" did not catch a non-number given as $n as an
+ error.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9bebdbf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+Git v1.7.8.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.8.3
+--------------------
+
+ * The code to look up attributes for paths reused entries from a wrong
+ directory when two paths in question are in adjacent directories and
+ the name of the one directory is a prefix of the other.
+
+ * A wildcard that matches deeper hierarchy given to the "diff-index" command,
+ e.g. "git diff-index HEAD -- '*.txt'", incorrectly reported additions of
+ matching files even when there is no change.
+
+ * When producing a "thin pack" (primarily used in bundles and smart
+ HTTP transfers) out of a fully packed repository, we unnecessarily
+ avoided sending recent objects as a delta against objects we know
+ the other side has.
+
+ * "git send-email" did not properly treat sendemail.multiedit as a
+ boolean (e.g. setting it to "false" did not turn it off).
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..011fd2a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
+Git v1.7.8.5 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.8.4
+--------------------
+
+ * Dependency on our thread-utils.h header file was missing for
+ objects that depend on it in the Makefile.
+
+ * "git am" when fed an empty file did not correctly finish reading it
+ when it attempts to guess the input format.
+
+ * "git grep -P" (when PCRE is enabled in the build) did not match the
+ beginning and the end of the line correctly with ^ and $.
+
+ * "git rebase -m" tried to run "git notes copy" needlessly when
+ nothing was rewritten.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d9bf2b7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+Git v1.7.8.6 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.8.5
+--------------------
+
+ * An error message from 'git bundle' had an unmatched single quote pair in it.
+
+ * 'git diff --histogram' option was not described.
+
+ * Documentation for 'git rev-list' had minor formatting errors.
+
+ * 'git imap-send' carried an unused dead code.
+
+ * The way 'git fetch' implemented its connectivity check over
+ received objects was overly pessimistic, and wasted a lot of
+ cycles.
+
+ * Various minor backports of fixes from the 'master' and the 'maint'
+ branch.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b4d90bb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,161 @@
+Git v1.7.8 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Updates since v1.7.7
+--------------------
+
+ * Some git-svn, git-gui, git-p4 (in contrib) and msysgit updates.
+
+ * Updates to bash completion scripts.
+
+ * The build procedure has been taught to take advantage of computed
+ dependency automatically when the complier supports it.
+
+ * The date parser now accepts timezone designators that lack minutes
+ part and also has a colon between "hh:mm".
+
+ * The contents of the /etc/mailname file, if exists, is used as the
+ default value of the hostname part of the committer/author e-mail.
+
+ * "git am" learned how to read from patches generated by Hg.
+
+ * "git archive" talking with a remote repository can report errors
+ from the remote side in a more informative way.
+
+ * "git branch" learned an explicit --list option to ask for branches
+ listed, optionally with a glob matching pattern to limit its output.
+
+ * "git check-attr" learned "--cached" option to look at .gitattributes
+ files from the index, not from the working tree.
+
+ * Variants of "git cherry-pick" and "git revert" that take multiple
+ commits learned to "--continue" and "--abort".
+
+ * "git daemon" gives more human readble error messages to clients
+ using ERR packets when appropriate.
+
+ * Errors at the network layer is logged by "git daemon".
+
+ * "git diff" learned "--minimal" option to spend extra cycles to come
+ up with a minimal patch output.
+
+ * "git diff" learned "--function-context" option to show the whole
+ function as context that was affected by a change.
+
+ * "git difftool" can be told to skip launching the tool for a path by
+ answering 'n' to its prompt.
+
+ * "git fetch" learned to honor transfer.fsckobjects configuration to
+ validate the objects that were received from the other end, just like
+ "git receive-pack" (the receiving end of "git push") does.
+
+ * "git fetch" makes sure that the set of objects it received from the
+ other end actually completes the history before updating the refs.
+ "git receive-pack" (the receiving end of "git push") learned to do the
+ same.
+
+ * "git fetch" learned that fetching/cloning from a regular file on the
+ filesystem is not necessarily a request to unpack a bundle file; the
+ file could be ".git" with "gitdir: <path>" in it.
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" learned "%(contents:subject)", "%(contents:body)"
+ and "%(contents:signature)". The last one is useful for signed tags.
+
+ * "git grep" used to incorrectly pay attention to .gitignore files
+ scattered in the directory it was working in even when "--no-index"
+ option was used. It no longer does this. The "--exclude-standard"
+ option needs to be given to explicitly activate the ignore
+ mechanism.
+
+ * "git grep" learned "--untracked" option, where given patterns are
+ searched in untracked (but not ignored) files as well as tracked
+ files in the working tree, so that matches in new but not yet
+ added files do not get missed.
+
+ * The recursive merge backend no longer looks for meaningless
+ existing merges in submodules unless in the outermost merge.
+
+ * "git log" and friends learned "--children" option.
+
+ * "git ls-remote" learned to respond to "-h"(elp) requests.
+
+ * "mediawiki" remote helper can interact with (surprise!) MediaWiki
+ with "git fetch" & "git push".
+
+ * "git merge" learned the "--edit" option to allow users to edit the
+ merge commit log message.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" can be told to use special purpose editor suitable
+ only for its insn sheet via sequence.editor configuration variable.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned to respond to "-h"(elp) requests.
+
+ * "git send-email" allows the value given to sendemail.aliasfile to begin
+ with "~/" to refer to the $HOME directory.
+
+ * "git send-email" forces use of Authen::SASL::Perl to work around
+ issues between Authen::SASL::Cyrus and AUTH PLAIN/LOGIN.
+
+ * "git stash" learned "--include-untracked" option to stash away
+ untracked/ignored cruft from the working tree.
+
+ * "git submodule clone" does not leak an error message to the UI
+ level unnecessarily anymore.
+
+ * "git submodule update" learned to honor "none" as the value for
+ submodule.<name>.update to specify that the named submodule should
+ not be checked out by default.
+
+ * When populating a new submodule directory with "git submodule init",
+ the $GIT_DIR metainformation directory for submodules is created inside
+ $GIT_DIR/modules/<name>/ directory of the superproject and referenced
+ via the gitfile mechanism. This is to make it possible to switch
+ between commits in the superproject that has and does not have the
+ submodule in the tree without re-cloning.
+
+ * "gitweb" leaked unescaped control characters from syntax hiliter
+ outputs.
+
+ * "gitweb" can be told to give custom string at the end of the HTML
+ HEAD element.
+
+ * "gitweb" now has its own manual pages.
+
+
+Also contains other documentation updates and minor code cleanups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.7
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all fixes in the 1.7.7.X maintenance track are
+included in this release.
+
+ * HTTP transport did not use pushurl correctly, and also did not tell
+ what host it is trying to authenticate with when asking for
+ credentials.
+ (merge deba493 jk/http-auth later to maint).
+
+ * "git blame" was aborted if started from an uncommitted content and
+ the path had the textconv filter in effect.
+ (merge 8518088 ss/blame-textconv-fake-working-tree later to maint).
+
+ * Adding many refs to the local repository in one go (e.g. "git fetch"
+ that fetches many tags) and looking up a ref by name in a repository
+ with too many refs were unnecessarily slow.
+ (merge 17d68a54d jp/get-ref-dir-unsorted later to maint).
+
+ * Report from "git commit" on untracked files was confused under
+ core.ignorecase option.
+ (merge 395c7356 jk/name-hash-dirent later to maint).
+
+ * "git merge" did not understand ":/<pattern>" as a way to name a commit.
+
+ " "git push" on the receiving end used to call post-receive and post-update
+ hooks for attempted removal of non-existing refs.
+ (merge 160b81ed ph/push-to-delete-nothing later to maint).
+
+ * Help text for "git remote set-url" and "git remote set-branches"
+ were misspelled.
+ (merge c49904e fc/remote-seturl-usage-fix later to maint).
+ (merge 656cdf0 jc/remote-setbranches-usage-fix later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6957183
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+Git v1.7.9.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.9
+------------------
+
+ * The makefile allowed environment variable X seep into it result in
+ command names suffixed with unnecessary strings.
+
+ * The set of included header files in compat/inet-{ntop,pton}
+ wrappers was updated for Windows some time ago, but in a way that
+ broke Solaris build.
+
+ * rpmbuild noticed an unpackaged but installed *.mo file and failed.
+
+ * Subprocesses spawned from various git programs were often left running
+ to completion even when the top-level process was killed.
+
+ * "git add -e" learned not to show a diff for an otherwise unmodified
+ submodule that only has uncommitted local changes in the patch
+ prepared by for the user to edit.
+
+ * Typo in "git branch --edit-description my-tpoic" was not diagnosed.
+
+ * Using "git grep -l/-L" together with options -W or --break may not
+ make much sense as the output is to only count the number of hits
+ and there is no place for file breaks, but the latter options made
+ "-l/-L" to miscount the hits.
+
+ * "git log --first-parent $pathspec" did not stay on the first parent
+ chain and veered into side branch from which the whole change to the
+ specified paths came.
+
+ * "git merge --no-edit $tag" failed to honor the --no-edit option.
+
+ * "git merge --ff-only $tag" failed because it cannot record the
+ required mergetag without creating a merge, but this is so common
+ operation for branch that is used _only_ to follow the upstream, so
+ it was changed to allow fast-forwarding without recording the mergetag.
+
+ * "git mergetool" now gives an empty file as the common base version
+ to the backend when dealing with the "both sides added, differently"
+ case.
+
+ * "git push -q" was not sufficiently quiet.
+
+ * When "git push" fails to update any refs, the client side did not
+ report an error correctly to the end user.
+
+ * "rebase" and "commit --amend" failed to work on commits with ancient
+ timestamps near year 1970.
+
+ * When asking for a tag to be pulled, "request-pull" did not show the
+ name of the tag prefixed with "tags/", which would have helped older
+ clients.
+
+ * "git submodule add $path" forgot to recompute the name to be stored
+ in .gitmodules when the submodule at $path was once added to the
+ superproject and already initialized.
+
+ * Many small corner case bugs on "git tag -n" was corrected.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e500da7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,69 @@
+Git v1.7.9.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.9.1
+--------------------
+
+ * Bash completion script (in contrib/) did not like a pattern that
+ begins with a dash to be passed to __git_ps1 helper function.
+
+ * Adaptation of the bash completion script (in contrib/) for zsh
+ incorrectly listed all subcommands when "git <TAB><TAB>" was given
+ to ask for list of porcelain subcommands.
+
+ * The build procedure for profile-directed optimized binary was not
+ working very well.
+
+ * Some systems need to explicitly link -lcharset to get locale_charset().
+
+ * t5541 ignored user-supplied port number used for HTTP server testing.
+
+ * The error message emitted when we see an empty loose object was
+ not phrased correctly.
+
+ * The code to ask for password did not fall back to the terminal
+ input when GIT_ASKPASS is set but does not work (e.g. lack of X
+ with GUI askpass helper).
+
+ * We failed to give the true terminal width to any subcommand when
+ they are invoked with the pager, i.e. "git -p cmd".
+
+ * map_user() was not rewriting its output correctly, which resulted
+ in the user visible symptom that "git blame -e" sometimes showed
+ excess '>' at the end of email addresses.
+
+ * "git checkout -b" did not allow switching out of an unborn branch.
+
+ * When you have both .../foo and .../foo.git, "git clone .../foo" did not
+ favor the former but the latter.
+
+ * "git commit" refused to create a commit when entries added with
+ "add -N" remained in the index, without telling Git what their content
+ in the next commit should be. We should have created the commit without
+ these paths.
+
+ * "git diff --stat" said "files", "insertions", and "deletions" even
+ when it is showing one "file", one "insertion" or one "deletion".
+
+ * The output from "git diff --stat" for two paths that have the same
+ amount of changes showed graph bars of different length due to the
+ way we handled rounding errors.
+
+ * "git grep" did not pay attention to -diff (hence -binary) attribute.
+
+ * The transport programs (fetch, push, clone)ignored --no-progress
+ and showed progress when sending their output to a terminal.
+
+ * Sometimes error status detected by a check in an earlier phase of
+ "git receive-pack" (the other end of "git push") was lost by later
+ checks, resulting in false indication of success.
+
+ * "git rev-list --verify" sometimes skipped verification depending on
+ the phase of the moon, which dates back to 1.7.8.x series.
+
+ * Search box in "gitweb" did not accept non-ASCII characters correctly.
+
+ * Search interface of "gitweb" did not show multiple matches in the same file
+ correctly.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..91c6501
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@
+Git v1.7.9.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.9.2
+--------------------
+
+ * "git p4" (in contrib/) submit the changes to a wrong place when the
+ "--use-client-spec" option is set.
+
+ * The config.mak.autogen generated by optional autoconf support tried
+ to link the binary with -lintl even when libintl.h is missing from
+ the system.
+
+ * When the filter driver exits before reading the content before the
+ main git process writes the contents to be filtered to the pipe to
+ it, the latter could be killed with SIGPIPE instead of ignoring
+ such an event as an error.
+
+ * "git add --refresh <pathspec>" used to warn about unmerged paths
+ outside the given pathspec.
+
+ * The bulk check-in codepath in "git add" streamed contents that
+ needs smudge/clean filters without running them, instead of punting
+ and delegating to the codepath to run filters after slurping
+ everything to core.
+
+ * "git branch --with $that" assumed incorrectly that the user will never
+ ask the question with nonsense value in $that.
+
+ * "git bundle create" produced a corrupt bundle file upon seeing
+ commits with excessively long subject line.
+
+ * When a remote helper exits before reading the blank line from the
+ main git process to signal the end of commands, the latter could be
+ killed with SIGPIPE. Instead we should ignore such event as a
+ non-error.
+
+ * The commit log template given with "git merge --edit" did not have
+ a short instructive text like what "git commit" gives.
+
+ * "git rev-list --verify-objects -q" omitted the extra verification
+ it needs to do over "git rev-list --objects -q" by mistake.
+
+ * "gitweb" used to drop warnings in the log file when "heads" view is
+ accessed in a repository whose HEAD does not point at a valid
+ branch.
+
+ * An invalid regular expression pattern given by an end user made
+ "gitweb" to return garbled response.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e5217a1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+Git v1.7.9.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.9.3
+--------------------
+
+ * The code to synthesize the fake ancestor tree used by 3-way merge
+ fallback in "git am" was not prepared to read a patch created with
+ a non-standard -p<num> value.
+
+ * "git bundle" did not record boundary commits correctly when there
+ are many of them.
+
+ * "git diff-index" and its friends at the plumbing level showed the
+ "diff --git" header and nothing else for a path whose cached stat
+ info is dirty without actual difference when asked to produce a
+ patch. This was a longstanding bug that we could have fixed long
+ time ago.
+
+ * "gitweb" did use quotemeta() to prepare search string when asked to
+ do a fixed-string project search, but did not use it by mistake and
+ used the user-supplied string instead.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..95cc2bb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+Git v1.7.9.5 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.9.4
+--------------------
+
+ * When "git config" diagnoses an error in a configuration file and
+ shows the line number for the offending line, it miscounted if the
+ error was at the end of line.
+
+ * "git fast-import" accepted "ls" command with an empty path by
+ mistake.
+
+ * Various new-ish output decoration modes of "git grep" were not
+ documented in the manual's synopsis section.
+
+ * The "remaining" subcommand to "git rerere" was not documented.
+
+ * "gitweb" used to drop warnings in the log file when "heads" view is
+ accessed in a repository whose HEAD does not point at a valid
+ branch.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..74bf882
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+Git v1.7.9.6 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.9.5
+--------------------
+
+ * "git merge $tag" to merge an annotated tag always opens the editor
+ during an interactive edit session. v1.7.10 series introduced an
+ environment variable GIT_MERGE_AUTOEDIT to help older scripts decline
+ this behaviour, but the maintenance track should also support it.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.7.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.7.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..59667d0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.7.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+Git v1.7.9.7 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.9.6
+--------------------
+
+ * An error message from 'git bundle' had an unmatched single quote pair in it.
+
+ * The way 'git fetch' implemented its connectivity check over
+ received objects was overly pessimistic, and wasted a lot of
+ cycles.
+
+Also contains minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..95320aa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.9.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,112 @@
+Git v1.7.9 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Updates since v1.7.8
+--------------------
+
+ * gitk updates accumulated since early 2011.
+
+ * git-gui updated to 0.16.0.
+
+ * git-p4 (in contrib/) updates.
+
+ * Git uses gettext to translate its most common interface messages
+ into the user's language if translations are available and the
+ locale is appropriately set. Distributors can drop new PO files
+ in po/ to add new translations.
+
+ * The code to handle username/password for HTTP transactions used in
+ "git push" & "git fetch" learned to talk "credential API" to
+ external programs to cache or store them, to allow integration with
+ platform native keychain mechanisms.
+
+ * The input prompts in the terminal use our own getpass() replacement
+ when possible. HTTP transactions used to ask for the username without
+ echoing back what was typed, but with this change you will see it as
+ you type.
+
+ * The internals of "revert/cherry-pick" have been tweaked to prepare
+ building more generic "sequencer" on top of the implementation that
+ drives them.
+
+ * "git rev-parse FETCH_HEAD" after "git fetch" without specifying
+ what to fetch from the command line will now show the commit that
+ would be merged if the command were "git pull".
+
+ * "git add" learned to stream large files directly into a packfile
+ instead of writing them into individual loose object files.
+
+ * "git checkout -B <current branch> <elsewhere>" is a more intuitive
+ way to spell "git reset --keep <elsewhere>".
+
+ * "git checkout" and "git merge" learned "--no-overwrite-ignore" option
+ to tell Git that untracked and ignored files are not expendable.
+
+ * "git commit --amend" learned "--no-edit" option to say that the
+ user is amending the tree being recorded, without updating the
+ commit log message.
+
+ * "git commit" and "git reset" re-learned the optimization to prime
+ the cache-tree information in the index, which makes it faster to
+ write a tree object out after the index entries are updated.
+
+ * "git commit" detects and rejects an attempt to stuff NUL byte in
+ the commit log message.
+
+ * "git commit" learned "-S" to GPG-sign the commit; this can be shown
+ with the "--show-signature" option to "git log".
+
+ * fsck and prune are relatively lengthy operations that still go
+ silent while making the end-user wait. They learned to give progress
+ output like other slow operations.
+
+ * The set of built-in function-header patterns for various languages
+ knows MATLAB.
+
+ * "git log --format='<format>'" learned new %g[nNeE] specifiers to
+ show information from the reflog entries when walking the reflog
+ (i.e. with "-g").
+
+ * "git pull" can be used to fetch and merge an annotated/signed tag,
+ instead of the tip of a topic branch. The GPG signature from the
+ signed tag is recorded in the resulting merge commit for later
+ auditing.
+
+ * "git log" learned "--show-signature" option to show the signed tag
+ that was merged that is embedded in the merge commit. It also can
+ show the signature made on the commit with "git commit -S".
+
+ * "git branch --edit-description" can be used to add descriptive text
+ to explain what a topic branch is about.
+
+ * "git fmt-merge-msg" learned to take the branch description into
+ account when preparing a merge summary that "git merge" records
+ when merging a local branch.
+
+ * "git request-pull" has been updated to convey more information
+ useful for integrators to decide if a topic is worth merging and
+ what is pulled is indeed what the requestor asked to pull,
+ including:
+
+ - the tip of the branch being requested to be merged;
+ - the branch description describing what the topic is about;
+ - the contents of the annotated tag, when requesting to pull a tag.
+
+ * "git pull" learned to notice 'pull.rebase' configuration variable,
+ which serves as a global fallback for setting 'branch.<name>.rebase'
+ configuration variable per branch.
+
+ * "git tag" learned "--cleanup" option to control how the whitespaces
+ and empty lines in tag message are cleaned up.
+
+ * "gitweb" learned to show side-by-side diff.
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.8
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.7.8 in the maintenance
+releases are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1f372fa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
+Git v1.8.0.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0
+------------------
+
+ * The configuration parser had an unnecessary hardcoded limit on
+ variable names that was not checked consistently.
+
+ * The "say" function in the test scaffolding incorrectly allowed
+ "echo" to interpret "\a" as if it were a C-string asking for a
+ BEL output.
+
+ * "git mergetool" feeds /dev/null as a common ancestor when dealing
+ with an add/add conflict, but p4merge backend cannot handle
+ it. Work it around by passing a temporary empty file.
+
+ * "git log -F -E --grep='<ere>'" failed to use the given <ere>
+ pattern as extended regular expression, and instead looked for the
+ string literally.
+
+ * "git grep -e pattern <tree>" asked the attribute system to read
+ "<tree>:.gitattributes" file in the working tree, which was
+ nonsense.
+
+ * A symbolic ref refs/heads/SYM was not correctly removed with "git
+ branch -d SYM"; the command removed the ref pointed by SYM
+ instead.
+
+ * Earlier we fixed documentation to hyphenate "remote-tracking branch"
+ to clarify that these are not a remote entity, but unhyphenated
+ spelling snuck in to a few places since then.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" run while the HEAD is detached tried to find
+ the upstream branch of the detached HEAD (which by definition
+ does not exist) and emitted unnecessary error messages.
+
+ * The refs/replace hierarchy was not mentioned in the
+ repository-layout docs.
+
+ * Sometimes curl_multi_timeout() function suggested a wrong timeout
+ value when there is no file descriptors to wait on and the http
+ transport ended up sleeping for minutes in select(2) system call.
+ A workaround has been added for this.
+
+ * Various rfc2047 quoting issues around a non-ASCII name on the
+ From: line in the output from format-patch have been corrected.
+
+ * "git diff -G<pattern>" did not honor textconv filter when looking
+ for changes.
+
+ * Bash completion script (in contrib/) did not correctly complete a
+ lazy "git checkout $name_of_remote_tracking_branch_that_is_unique"
+ command line.
+
+ * RSS feed from "gitweb" had a xss hole in its title output.
+
+ * "git config --path $key" segfaulted on "[section] key" (a boolean
+ "true" spelled without "=", not "[section] key = true").
+
+ * "git checkout -b foo" while on an unborn branch did not say
+ "Switched to a new branch 'foo'" like other cases.
+
+Also contains other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8497e05
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v1.8.0.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0.1
+--------------------
+
+ * Various codepaths have workaround for a common misconfiguration to
+ spell "UTF-8" as "utf8", but it was not used uniformly. Most
+ notably, mailinfo (which is used by "git am") lacked this support.
+
+ * We failed to mention a file without any content change but whose
+ permission bit was modified, or (worse yet) a new file without any
+ content in the "git diff --stat" output.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for binary contents, the total
+ number of added and removed lines at the bottom was computed
+ incorrectly.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for unmerged paths, the total
+ number of affected files at the bottom of the "diff --stat" output
+ was computed incorrectly.
+
+ * "diff --shortstat" miscounted the total number of affected files
+ when there were unmerged paths.
+
+ * "git p4" used to try expanding malformed "$keyword$" that spans
+ across multiple lines.
+
+ * "git update-ref -d --deref SYM" to delete a ref through a symbolic
+ ref that points to it did not remove it correctly.
+
+ * Syntax highlighting in "gitweb" was not quite working.
+
+Also contains other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..92b1e4b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+Git v1.8.0.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0.2
+--------------------
+
+ * "git log -p -S<string>" did not apply the textconv filter while
+ looking for the <string>.
+
+ * In the documentation, some invalid example e-mail addresses were
+ formatted into mailto: links.
+
+Also contains many documentation updates backported from the 'master'
+branch that is preparing for the upcoming 1.8.1 release.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..43883c1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,267 @@
+Git v1.8.0 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes
+----------------------------
+
+In the next major release (not *this* one), we will change the
+behavior of the "git push" command.
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). We will use the "simple" semantics that pushes the
+current branch to the branch with the same name, only when the current
+branch is set to integrate with that remote branch. There is a user
+preference configuration variable "push.default" to change this, and
+"git push" will warn about the upcoming change until you set this
+variable in this release.
+
+"git branch --set-upstream" is deprecated and may be removed in a
+relatively distant future. "git branch [-u|--set-upstream-to]" has
+been introduced with a saner order of arguments.
+
+
+Updates since v1.7.12
+---------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * A credential helper for Win32 to allow access to the keychain of
+ the logged-in user has been added.
+
+ * An initial port to HP NonStop.
+
+ * A credential helper to allow access to the Gnome keyring has been
+ added.
+
+ * When "git am" sanitizes the "Subject:" line, we strip the prefix from
+ "Re: subject" and also from a less common "re: subject", but left
+ the even less common "RE: subject" intact. Now we strip that too.
+
+ * It was tempting to say "git branch --set-upstream origin/master",
+ but that tells Git to arrange the local branch "origin/master" to
+ integrate with the currently checked out branch, which is highly
+ unlikely what the user meant. The option is deprecated; use the
+ new "--set-upstream-to" (with a short-and-sweet "-u") option
+ instead.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" learned the "--allow-empty-message" option to
+ allow it to replay a commit without any log message.
+
+ * After "git cherry-pick -s" gave control back to the user asking
+ help to resolve conflicts, concluding "git commit" used to need to
+ be run with "-s" if the user wants to sign it off; now the command
+ leaves the sign-off line in the log template.
+
+ * "git daemon" learned the "--access-hook" option to allow an
+ external command to decline service based on the client address,
+ repository path, etc.
+
+ * "git difftool --dir-diff" learned to use symbolic links to prepare
+ a temporary copy of the working tree when available.
+
+ * "git grep" learned to use a non-standard pattern type by default if
+ a configuration variable tells it to.
+
+ * Accumulated updates to "git gui" has been merged.
+
+ * "git log -g" learned the "--grep-reflog=<pattern>" option to limit
+ its output to commits with a reflog message that matches the given
+ pattern.
+
+ * "git merge-base" learned the "--is-ancestor A B" option to tell if A is
+ an ancestor of B. The result is indicated by its exit status code.
+
+ * "git mergetool" now allows users to override the actual command used
+ with the mergetool.$name.cmd configuration variable even for built-in
+ mergetool backends.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" learned the "--edit-todo" option to open an editor
+ to edit the instruction sheet.
+
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * "git svn" has been updated to work with SVN 1.7.
+
+ * "git p4" learned the "--conflicts" option to specify what to do when
+ encountering a conflict during "p4 submit".
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * Git ships with a fall-back regexp implementation for platforms with
+ buggy regexp library, but it was easy for people to keep using their
+ platform regexp by mistake. A new test has been added to check this.
+
+ * The "check-docs" build target has been updated and greatly
+ simplified.
+
+ * The test suite is run under MALLOC_CHECK_ when running with a glibc
+ that supports the feature.
+
+ * The documentation in the TeXinfo format was using indented output
+ for materials meant to be examples that are better typeset in
+ monospace.
+
+ * Compatibility wrapper around some mkdir(2) implementations that
+ reject parameters with trailing slash has been introduced.
+
+ * Compatibility wrapper for systems that lack usable setitimer() has
+ been added.
+
+ * The option parsing of "git checkout" had error checking, dwim and
+ defaulting missing options, all mixed in the code, and issuing an
+ appropriate error message with useful context was getting harder.
+ The code has been reorganized to allow giving a proper diagnosis
+ when the user says "git checkout -b -t foo bar" (e.g. "-t" is not a
+ good name for a branch).
+
+ * Many internal uses of a "git merge-base" equivalent were only to see
+ if one commit fast-forwards to the other, which did not need the
+ full set of merge bases to be computed. They have been updated to
+ use less expensive checks.
+
+ * The heuristics to detect and silently convert latin1 to utf8 when
+ we were told to use utf-8 in the log message has been transplanted
+ from "mailinfo" to "commit" and "commit-tree".
+
+ * Messages given by "git <subcommand> -h" from many subcommands have
+ been marked for translation.
+
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12
+-------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.7.12 in the
+maintenance track are contained in this release (see release notes
+to them for details).
+
+ * The attribute system may be asked for a path that itself or its
+ leading directories no longer exists in the working tree, and it is
+ fine if we cannot open .gitattribute file in such a case. Failure
+ to open per-directory .gitattributes with error status other than
+ ENOENT and ENOTDIR should be diagnosed, but it wasn't.
+
+ * When looking for $HOME/.gitconfig etc., it is OK if we cannot read
+ them because they do not exist, but we did not diagnose existing
+ files that we cannot read.
+
+ * When "git am" is fed an input that has multiple "Content-type: ..."
+ header, it did not grok charset= attribute correctly.
+
+ * "git am" mishandled a patch attached as application/octet-stream
+ (e.g. not text/*); Content-Transfer-Encoding (e.g. base64) was not
+ honored correctly.
+
+ * "git blame MAKEFILE" run in a history that has "Makefile" but not
+ "MAKEFILE" should say "No such file MAKEFILE in HEAD", but got
+ confused on a case insensitive filesystem and failed to do so.
+
+ * Even during a conflicted merge, "git blame $path" always meant to
+ blame uncommitted changes to the "working tree" version; make it
+ more useful by showing cleanly merged parts as coming from the other
+ branch that is being merged.
+
+ * It was unclear in the documentation for "git blame" that it is
+ unnecessary for users to use the "--follow" option.
+
+ * Output from "git branch -v" contains "(no branch)" that could be
+ localized, but the code to align it along with the names of
+ branches was counting in bytes, not in display columns.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick A C B" used to replay changes in A and then B and
+ then C if these three commits had committer timestamps in that
+ order, which is not what the user who said "A C B" naturally
+ expects.
+
+ * A repository created with "git clone --single" had its fetch
+ refspecs set up just like a clone without "--single", leading the
+ subsequent "git fetch" to slurp all the other branches, defeating
+ the whole point of specifying "only this branch".
+
+ * Documentation talked about "first line of commit log" when it meant
+ the title of the commit. The description was clarified by defining
+ how the title is decided and rewording the casual mention of "first
+ line" to "title".
+
+ * "git cvsimport" did not thoroughly cleanse tag names that it
+ inferred from the names of the tags it obtained from CVS, which
+ caused "git tag" to barf and stop the import in the middle.
+
+ * Earlier we made the diffstat summary line that shows the number of
+ lines added/deleted localizable, but it was found irritating having
+ to see them in various languages on a list whose discussion language
+ is English, and this change has been reverted.
+
+ * "git fetch --all", when passed "--no-tags", did not honor the
+ "--no-tags" option while fetching from individual remotes (the same
+ issue existed with "--tags", but the combination "--all --tags" makes
+ much less sense than "--all --no-tags").
+
+ * "git fetch" over http had an old workaround for an unlikely server
+ misconfiguration; it turns out that this hurts debuggability of the
+ configuration in general, and has been reverted.
+
+ * "git fetch" over http advertised that it supports "deflate", which
+ is much less common, and did not advertise the more common "gzip" on
+ its Accept-Encoding header.
+
+ * "git fetch" over the dumb-http revision walker could segfault when
+ curl's multi interface was used.
+
+ * "git gc --auto" notified the user that auto-packing has triggered
+ even under the "--quiet" option.
+
+ * After "gitk" showed the contents of a tag, neither "Reread
+ references" nor "Reload" updated what is shown as the
+ contents of it when the user overwrote the tag with "git tag -f".
+
+ * "git log --all-match --grep=A --grep=B" ought to show commits that
+ mention both A and B, but when these three options are used with
+ --author or --committer, it showed commits that mention either A or
+ B (or both) instead.
+
+ * The "-Xours" backend option to "git merge -s recursive" was ignored
+ for binary files.
+
+ * "git p4", when "--use-client-spec" and "--detect-branches" are used
+ together, misdetected branches.
+
+ * "git receive-pack" (the counterpart to "git push") did not give
+ progress output while processing objects it received to the puser
+ when run over the smart-http protocol.
+
+ * When you misspell the command name you give to the "exec" action in
+ the "git rebase -i" instruction sheet you were told that 'rebase' is not a
+ git subcommand from "git rebase --continue".
+
+ * The subcommand in "git remote" to remove a defined remote was
+ "rm" and the command did not take a fully-spelled "remove".
+
+ * The interactive prompt that "git send-email" gives was error prone. It
+ asked "What e-mail address do you want to use?" with the address it
+ guessed (correctly) the user would want to use in its prompt,
+ tempting the user to say "y". But the response was taken as "No,
+ please use 'y' as the e-mail address instead", which is most
+ certainly not what the user meant.
+
+ * "git show --format='%ci'" did not give the timestamp correctly for
+ commits created without human readable name on the "committer" line.
+
+ * "git show --quiet" ought to be a synonym for "git show -s", but
+ wasn't.
+
+ * "git submodule frotz" was not diagnosed as "frotz" being an unknown
+ subcommand to "git submodule"; the user instead got a complaint
+ that "git submodule status" was run with an unknown path "frotz".
+
+ * "git status" honored the ignore=dirty settings in .gitmodules but
+ "git commit" didn't.
+
+ * "gitweb" did not give the correct committer timezone in its feed
+ output due to a typo.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0dc37dc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+Git 1.8.1.1 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1
+------------------
+
+ * After failing to create a temporary file using mkstemp(), failing
+ pathname was not reported correctly on some platforms.
+
+ * http transport was wrong to ask for the username when the
+ authentication is done by certificate identity.
+
+ * After "git add -N" and then writing a tree object out of the
+ index, the cache-tree data structure got corrupted.
+
+ * "git pack-refs" that ran in parallel to another process that
+ created new refs had a race that can lose new ones.
+
+ * When a line to be wrapped has a solid run of non space characters
+ whose length exactly is the wrap width, "git shortlog -w" failed
+ to add a newline after such a line.
+
+ * "gitweb", when sorting by age to show repositories with new
+ activities first, used to sort repositories with absolutely
+ nothing in it early, which was not very useful.
+
+ * Some scripted programs written in Python did not get updated when
+ PYTHON_PATH changed.
+
+ * We have been carrying a translated and long-unmaintained copy of an
+ old version of the tutorial; removed.
+
+ * Portability issues in many self-test scripts have been addressed.
+
+
+Also contains other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d6f9555
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,241 @@
+Git v1.8.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes
+----------------------------
+
+In the next major release (not *this* one), we will change the
+behavior of the "git push" command.
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). We will use the "simple" semantics that pushes the
+current branch to the branch with the same name, only when the current
+branch is set to integrate with that remote branch. There is a user
+preference configuration variable "push.default" to change this, and
+"git push" will warn about the upcoming change until you set this
+variable in this release.
+
+"git branch --set-upstream" is deprecated and may be removed in a
+relatively distant future. "git branch [-u|--set-upstream-to]" has
+been introduced with a saner order of arguments to replace it.
+
+
+Updates since v1.8.0
+--------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Command-line completion scripts for tcsh and zsh have been added.
+
+ * "git-prompt" scriptlet (in contrib/completion) can be told to paint
+ pieces of the hints in the prompt string in colors.
+
+ * Some documentation pages that used to ship only in the plain text
+ format are now formatted in HTML as well.
+
+ * We used to have a workaround for a bug in ancient "less" that
+ causes it to exit without any output when the terminal is resized.
+ The bug has been fixed in "less" version 406 (June 2007), and the
+ workaround has been removed in this release.
+
+ * When "git checkout" checks out a branch, it tells the user how far
+ behind (or ahead) the new branch is relative to the remote tracking
+ branch it builds upon. The message now also advises how to sync
+ them up by pushing or pulling. This can be disabled with the
+ advice.statusHints configuration variable.
+
+ * "git config --get" used to diagnose presence of multiple
+ definitions of the same variable in the same configuration file as
+ an error, but it now applies the "last one wins" rule used by the
+ internal configuration logic. Strictly speaking, this may be an
+ API regression but it is expected that nobody will notice it in
+ practice.
+
+ * A new configuration variable "diff.context" can be used to
+ give the default number of context lines in the patch output, to
+ override the hardcoded default of 3 lines.
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned the "--notes=<ref>" option to give
+ notes for the commit after the three-dash lines in its output.
+
+ * "git log -p -S<string>" now looks for the <string> after applying
+ the textconv filter (if defined); earlier it inspected the contents
+ of the blobs without filtering.
+
+ * "git log --grep=<pcre>" learned to honor the "grep.patterntype"
+ configuration set to "perl".
+
+ * "git replace -d <object>" now interprets <object> as an extended
+ SHA-1 (e.g. HEAD~4 is allowed), instead of only accepting full hex
+ object name.
+
+ * "git rm $submodule" used to punt on removing a submodule working
+ tree to avoid losing the repository embedded in it. Because
+ recent git uses a mechanism to separate the submodule repository
+ from the submodule working tree, "git rm" learned to detect this
+ case and removes the submodule working tree when it is safe to do so.
+
+ * "git send-email" used to prompt for the sender address, even when
+ the committer identity is well specified (e.g. via user.name and
+ user.email configuration variables). The command no longer gives
+ this prompt when not necessary.
+
+ * "git send-email" did not allow non-address garbage strings to
+ appear after addresses on Cc: lines in the patch files (and when
+ told to pick them up to find more recipients), e.g.
+
+ Cc: Stable Kernel <stable@k.org> # for v3.2 and up
+
+ The command now strips " # for v3.2 and up" part before adding the
+ remainder of this line to the list of recipients.
+
+ * "git submodule add" learned to add a new submodule at the same
+ path as the path where an unrelated submodule was bound to in an
+ existing revision via the "--name" option.
+
+ * "git submodule sync" learned the "--recursive" option.
+
+ * "diff.submodule" configuration variable can be used to give custom
+ default value to the "git diff --submodule" option.
+
+ * "git symbolic-ref" learned the "-d $symref" option to delete the
+ named symbolic ref, which is more intuitive way to spell it than
+ "update-ref -d --no-deref $symref".
+
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * "git cvsimport" can be told to record timezones (other than GMT)
+ per-author via its author info file.
+
+ * The remote helper interface to interact with subversion
+ repositories (one of the GSoC 2012 projects) has been merged.
+
+ * A new remote-helper interface for Mercurial has been added to
+ contrib/remote-helpers.
+
+ * The documentation for git(1) was pointing at a page at an external
+ site for the list of authors that no longer existed. The link has
+ been updated to point at an alternative site.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * Compilation on Cygwin with newer header files are supported now.
+
+ * A couple of low-level implementation updates on MinGW.
+
+ * The logic to generate the initial advertisement from "upload-pack"
+ (i.e. what is invoked by "git fetch" on the other side of the
+ connection) to list what refs are available in the repository has
+ been optimized.
+
+ * The logic to find set of attributes that match a given path has
+ been optimized.
+
+ * Use preloadindex in "git diff-index" and "git update-index", which
+ has a nice speedup on systems with slow stat calls (and even on
+ Linux).
+
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.8.0 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * The configuration parser had an unnecessary hardcoded limit on
+ variable names that was not checked consistently.
+
+ * The "say" function in the test scaffolding incorrectly allowed
+ "echo" to interpret "\a" as if it were a C-string asking for a
+ BEL output.
+
+ * "git mergetool" feeds /dev/null as a common ancestor when dealing
+ with an add/add conflict, but p4merge backend cannot handle
+ it. Work it around by passing a temporary empty file.
+
+ * "git log -F -E --grep='<ere>'" failed to use the given <ere>
+ pattern as extended regular expression, and instead looked for the
+ string literally.
+
+ * "git grep -e pattern <tree>" asked the attribute system to read
+ "<tree>:.gitattributes" file in the working tree, which was
+ nonsense.
+
+ * A symbolic ref refs/heads/SYM was not correctly removed with "git
+ branch -d SYM"; the command removed the ref pointed by SYM
+ instead.
+
+ * Update "remote tracking branch" in the documentation to
+ "remote-tracking branch".
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" run while the HEAD is detached tried to find
+ the upstream branch of the detached HEAD (which by definition
+ does not exist) and emitted unnecessary error messages.
+
+ * The refs/replace hierarchy was not mentioned in the
+ repository-layout docs.
+
+ * Various rfc2047 quoting issues around a non-ASCII name on the
+ From: line in the output from format-patch have been corrected.
+
+ * Sometimes curl_multi_timeout() function suggested a wrong timeout
+ value when there is no file descriptor to wait on and the http
+ transport ended up sleeping for minutes in select(2) system call.
+ A workaround has been added for this.
+
+ * For a fetch refspec (or the result of applying wildcard on one),
+ we always want the RHS to map to something inside "refs/"
+ hierarchy, but the logic to check it was not exactly right.
+ (merge 5c08c1f jc/maint-fetch-tighten-refname-check later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff -G<pattern>" did not honor textconv filter when looking
+ for changes.
+
+ * Some HTTP servers ask for auth only during the actual packing phase
+ (not in ls-remote phase); this is not really a recommended
+ configuration, but the clients used to fail to authenticate with
+ such servers.
+ (merge 2e736fd jk/maint-http-half-auth-fetch later to maint).
+
+ * "git p4" used to try expanding malformed "$keyword$" that spans
+ across multiple lines.
+
+ * Syntax highlighting in "gitweb" was not quite working.
+
+ * RSS feed from "gitweb" had a xss hole in its title output.
+
+ * "git config --path $key" segfaulted on "[section] key" (a boolean
+ "true" spelled without "=", not "[section] key = true").
+
+ * "git checkout -b foo" while on an unborn branch did not say
+ "Switched to a new branch 'foo'" like other cases.
+
+ * Various codepaths have workaround for a common misconfiguration to
+ spell "UTF-8" as "utf8", but it was not used uniformly. Most
+ notably, mailinfo (which is used by "git am") lacked this support.
+
+ * We failed to mention a file without any content change but whose
+ permission bit was modified, or (worse yet) a new file without any
+ content in the "git diff --stat" output.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for binary contents, the total
+ number of added and removed lines at the bottom was computed
+ incorrectly.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for unmerged paths, the total
+ number of affected files at the bottom of the "diff --stat" output
+ was computed incorrectly.
+
+ * "diff --shortstat" miscounted the total number of affected files
+ when there were unmerged paths.
+
+ * "update-ref -d --deref SYM" to delete a ref through a symbolic ref
+ that points to it did not remove it correctly.
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index c3b0816..90133d8 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -1,65 +1,5 @@
-Checklist (and a short version for the impatient):
-
- Commits:
-
- - make commits of logical units
- - check for unnecessary whitespace with "git diff --check"
- before committing
- - do not check in commented out code or unneeded files
- - the first line of the commit message should be a short
- description (50 characters is the soft limit, see DISCUSSION
- in git-commit(1)), and should skip the full stop
- - the body should provide a meaningful commit message, which:
- . explains the problem the change tries to solve, iow, what
- is wrong with the current code without the change.
- . justifies the way the change solves the problem, iow, why
- the result with the change is better.
- . alternate solutions considered but discarded, if any.
- - describe changes in imperative mood, e.g. "make xyzzy do frotz"
- instead of "[This patch] makes xyzzy do frotz" or "[I] changed
- xyzzy to do frotz", as if you are giving orders to the codebase
- to change its behaviour.
- - try to make sure your explanation can be understood without
- external resources. Instead of giving a URL to a mailing list
- archive, summarize the relevant points of the discussion.
- - add a "Signed-off-by: Your Name <you@example.com>" line to the
- commit message (or just use the option "-s" when committing)
- to confirm that you agree to the Developer's Certificate of Origin
- - make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing
- - make sure that the test suite passes after your commit
-
- Patch:
-
- - use "git format-patch -M" to create the patch
- - do not PGP sign your patch
- - do not attach your patch, but read in the mail
- body, unless you cannot teach your mailer to
- leave the formatting of the patch alone.
- - be careful doing cut & paste into your mailer, not to
- corrupt whitespaces.
- - provide additional information (which is unsuitable for
- the commit message) between the "---" and the diffstat
- - if you change, add, or remove a command line option or
- make some other user interface change, the associated
- documentation should be updated as well.
- - if your name is not writable in ASCII, make sure that
- you send off a message in the correct encoding.
- - send the patch to the list (git@vger.kernel.org) and the
- maintainer (gitster@pobox.com) if (and only if) the patch
- is ready for inclusion. If you use git-send-email(1),
- please test it first by sending email to yourself.
- - see below for instructions specific to your mailer
-
-Long version:
-
-I started reading over the SubmittingPatches document for Linux
-kernel, primarily because I wanted to have a document similar to
-it for the core GIT to make sure people understand what they are
-doing when they write "Signed-off-by" line.
-
-But the patch submission requirements are a lot more relaxed
-here on the technical/contents front, because the core GIT is
-thousand times smaller ;-). So here is only the relevant bits.
+Here are some guidelines for people who want to contribute their code
+to this software.
(0) Decide what to base your work on.
@@ -86,6 +26,10 @@ change is relevant to.
wait until some of the dependent topics graduate to 'master', and
rebase your work.
+ - Some parts of the system have dedicated maintainers with their own
+ repositories (see the section "Subsystems" below). Changes to
+ these parts should be based on their trees.
+
To find the tip of a topic branch, run "git log --first-parent
master..pu" and look for the merge commit. The second parent of this
commit is the tip of the topic branch.
@@ -113,50 +57,81 @@ change, the approach taken by the change, and if relevant how this
differs substantially from the prior version, are all good things
to have.
+Make sure that you have tests for the bug you are fixing.
+
+When adding a new feature, make sure that you have new tests to show
+the feature triggers the new behaviour when it should, and to show the
+feature does not trigger when it shouldn't. Also make sure that the
+test suite passes after your commit. Do not forget to update the
+documentation to describe the updated behaviour.
+
Oh, another thing. I am picky about whitespaces. Make sure your
changes do not trigger errors with the sample pre-commit hook shipped
in templates/hooks--pre-commit. To help ensure this does not happen,
run git diff --check on your changes before you commit.
-(1a) Try to be nice to older C compilers
+(2) Describe your changes well.
+
+The first line of the commit message should be a short description (50
+characters is the soft limit, see DISCUSSION in git-commit(1)), and
+should skip the full stop. It is also conventional in most cases to
+prefix the first line with "area: " where the area is a filename or
+identifier for the general area of the code being modified, e.g.
+
+ . archive: ustar header checksum is computed unsigned
+ . git-cherry-pick.txt: clarify the use of revision range notation
-We try to support a wide range of C compilers to compile
-git with. That means that you should not use C99 initializers, even
-if a lot of compilers grok it.
+If in doubt which identifier to use, run "git log --no-merges" on the
+files you are modifying to see the current conventions.
-Also, variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block
-(you can check this with gcc, using the -Wdeclaration-after-statement
-option).
+The body should provide a meaningful commit message, which:
-Another thing: NULL pointers shall be written as NULL, not as 0.
+ . explains the problem the change tries to solve, iow, what is wrong
+ with the current code without the change.
+ . justifies the way the change solves the problem, iow, why the
+ result with the change is better.
-(2) Generate your patch using git tools out of your commits.
+ . alternate solutions considered but discarded, if any.
-git based diff tools (git, Cogito, and StGIT included) generate
-unidiff which is the preferred format.
+Describe your changes in imperative mood, e.g. "make xyzzy do frotz"
+instead of "[This patch] makes xyzzy do frotz" or "[I] changed xyzzy
+to do frotz", as if you are giving orders to the codebase to change
+its behaviour. Try to make sure your explanation can be understood
+without external resources. Instead of giving a URL to a mailing list
+archive, summarize the relevant points of the discussion.
+
+
+(3) Generate your patch using git tools out of your commits.
+
+git based diff tools generate unidiff which is the preferred format.
You do not have to be afraid to use -M option to "git diff" or
"git format-patch", if your patch involves file renames. The
receiving end can handle them just fine.
-Please make sure your patch does not include any extra files
-which do not belong in a patch submission. Make sure to review
+Please make sure your patch does not add commented out debugging code,
+or include any extra files which do not relate to what your patch
+is trying to achieve. Make sure to review
your patch after generating it, to ensure accuracy. Before
sending out, please make sure it cleanly applies to the "master"
branch head. If you are preparing a work based on "next" branch,
that is fine, but please mark it as such.
-(3) Sending your patches.
+(4) Sending your patches.
People on the git mailing list need to be able to read and
comment on the changes you are submitting. It is important for
a developer to be able to "quote" your changes, using standard
e-mail tools, so that they may comment on specific portions of
your code. For this reason, all patches should be submitted
-"inline". WARNING: Be wary of your MUAs word-wrap
+"inline". If your log message (including your name on the
+Signed-off-by line) is not writable in ASCII, make sure that
+you send off a message in the correct encoding.
+
+WARNING: Be wary of your MUAs word-wrap
corrupting your patch. Do not cut-n-paste your patch; you can
lose tabs that way if you are not careful.
@@ -180,7 +155,8 @@ message starts, you can put a "From: " line to name that person.
You often want to add additional explanation about the patch,
other than the commit message itself. Place such "cover letter"
-material between the three dash lines and the diffstat.
+material between the three dash lines and the diffstat. Git-notes
+can also be inserted using the `--notes` option.
Do not attach the patch as a MIME attachment, compressed or not.
Do not let your e-mail client send quoted-printable. Do not let
@@ -208,19 +184,25 @@ patch, format it as "multipart/signed", not a text/plain message
that starts with '-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----'. That is
not a text/plain, it's something else.
-Unless your patch is a very trivial and an obviously correct one,
-first send it with "To:" set to the mailing list, with "cc:" listing
+Send your patch with "To:" set to the mailing list, with "cc:" listing
people who are involved in the area you are touching (the output from
"git blame $path" and "git shortlog --no-merges $path" would help to
-identify them), to solicit comments and reviews. After the list
-reached a consensus that it is a good idea to apply the patch, re-send
-it with "To:" set to the maintainer and optionally "cc:" the list for
-inclusion. Do not forget to add trailers such as "Acked-by:",
-"Reviewed-by:" and "Tested-by:" after your "Signed-off-by:" line as
-necessary.
+identify them), to solicit comments and reviews.
+
+After the list reached a consensus that it is a good idea to apply the
+patch, re-send it with "To:" set to the maintainer [*1*] and "cc:" the
+list [*2*] for inclusion.
+Do not forget to add trailers such as "Acked-by:", "Reviewed-by:" and
+"Tested-by:" lines as necessary to credit people who helped your
+patch.
-(4) Sign your work
+ [Addresses]
+ *1* The current maintainer: gitster@pobox.com
+ *2* The mailing list: git@vger.kernel.org
+
+
+(5) Sign your work
To improve tracking of who did what, we've borrowed the
"sign-off" procedure from the Linux kernel project on patches
@@ -276,7 +258,7 @@ don't hide your real name.
If you like, you can put extra tags at the end:
-1. "Reported-by:" is used to to credit someone who found the bug that
+1. "Reported-by:" is used to credit someone who found the bug that
the patch attempts to fix.
2. "Acked-by:" says that the person who is more familiar with the area
the patch attempts to modify liked the patch.
@@ -291,6 +273,26 @@ You can also create your own tag or use one that's in common usage
such as "Thanks-to:", "Based-on-patch-by:", or "Mentored-by:".
------------------------------------------------
+Subsystems with dedicated maintainers
+
+Some parts of the system have dedicated maintainers with their own
+repositories.
+
+ - git-gui/ comes from git-gui project, maintained by Pat Thoyts:
+
+ git://repo.or.cz/git-gui.git
+
+ - gitk-git/ comes from Paul Mackerras's gitk project:
+
+ git://ozlabs.org/~paulus/gitk
+
+ - po/ comes from the localization coordinator, Jiang Xin:
+
+ https://github.com/git-l10n/git-po/
+
+Patches to these parts should be based on their trees.
+
+------------------------------------------------
An ideal patch flow
Here is an ideal patch flow for this project the current maintainer
@@ -344,50 +346,20 @@ MUA specific hints
Some of patches I receive or pick up from the list share common
patterns of breakage. Please make sure your MUA is set up
-properly not to corrupt whitespaces. Here are two common ones
-I have seen:
-
-* Empty context lines that do not have _any_ whitespace.
-
-* Non empty context lines that have one extra whitespace at the
- beginning.
-
-One test you could do yourself if your MUA is set up correctly is:
-
-* Send the patch to yourself, exactly the way you would, except
- To: and Cc: lines, which would not contain the list and
- maintainer address.
-
-* Save that patch to a file in UNIX mailbox format. Call it say
- a.patch.
-
-* Try to apply to the tip of the "master" branch from the
- git.git public repository:
+properly not to corrupt whitespaces.
- $ git fetch http://kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git master:test-apply
- $ git checkout test-apply
- $ git reset --hard
- $ git am a.patch
+See the DISCUSSION section of git-format-patch(1) for hints on
+checking your patch by mailing it to yourself and applying with
+git-am(1).
-If it does not apply correctly, there can be various reasons.
-
-* Your patch itself does not apply cleanly. That is _bad_ but
- does not have much to do with your MUA. Please rebase the
- patch appropriately.
-
-* Your MUA corrupted your patch; "am" would complain that
- the patch does not apply. Look at .git/rebase-apply/ subdirectory and
- see what 'patch' file contains and check for the common
- corruption patterns mentioned above.
-
-* While you are at it, check what are in 'info' and
- 'final-commit' files as well. If what is in 'final-commit' is
- not exactly what you would want to see in the commit log
- message, it is very likely that your maintainer would end up
- hand editing the log message when he applies your patch.
- Things like "Hi, this is my first patch.\n", if you really
- want to put in the patch e-mail, should come after the
- three-dash line that signals the end of the commit message.
+While you are at it, check the resulting commit log message from
+a trial run of applying the patch. If what is in the resulting
+commit is not exactly what you would want to see, it is very
+likely that your maintainer would end up hand editing the log
+message when he applies your patch. Things like "Hi, this is my
+first patch.\n", if you really want to put in the patch e-mail,
+should come after the three-dash line that signals the end of the
+commit message.
Pine
@@ -443,89 +415,10 @@ that or Gentoo did it.) So you need to set the
it.
-Thunderbird
------------
-
-(A Large Angry SCM)
-
-By default, Thunderbird will both wrap emails as well as flag them as
-being 'format=flowed', both of which will make the resulting email unusable
-by git.
-
-Here are some hints on how to successfully submit patches inline using
-Thunderbird.
-
-There are two different approaches. One approach is to configure
-Thunderbird to not mangle patches. The second approach is to use
-an external editor to keep Thunderbird from mangling the patches.
-
-Approach #1 (configuration):
-
-This recipe is current as of Thunderbird 2.0.0.19. Three steps:
- 1. Configure your mail server composition as plain text
- Edit...Account Settings...Composition & Addressing,
- uncheck 'Compose Messages in HTML'.
- 2. Configure your general composition window to not wrap
- Edit..Preferences..Composition, wrap plain text messages at 0
- 3. Disable the use of format=flowed
- Edit..Preferences..Advanced..Config Editor. Search for:
- mailnews.send_plaintext_flowed
- toggle it to make sure it is set to 'false'.
+Thunderbird, KMail, GMail
+-------------------------
-After that is done, you should be able to compose email as you
-otherwise would (cut + paste, git-format-patch | git-imap-send, etc),
-and the patches should not be mangled.
-
-Approach #2 (external editor):
-
-This recipe appears to work with the current [*1*] Thunderbird from Suse.
-
-The following Thunderbird extensions are needed:
- AboutConfig 0.5
- http://aboutconfig.mozdev.org/
- External Editor 0.7.2
- http://globs.org/articles.php?lng=en&pg=8
-
-1) Prepare the patch as a text file using your method of choice.
-
-2) Before opening a compose window, use Edit->Account Settings to
-uncheck the "Compose messages in HTML format" setting in the
-"Composition & Addressing" panel of the account to be used to send the
-patch. [*2*]
-
-3) In the main Thunderbird window, _before_ you open the compose window
-for the patch, use Tools->about:config to set the following to the
-indicated values:
- mailnews.send_plaintext_flowed => false
- mailnews.wraplength => 0
-
-4) Open a compose window and click the external editor icon.
-
-5) In the external editor window, read in the patch file and exit the
-editor normally.
-
-6) Back in the compose window: Add whatever other text you wish to the
-message, complete the addressing and subject fields, and press send.
-
-7) Optionally, undo the about:config/account settings changes made in
-steps 2 & 3.
-
-
-[Footnotes]
-*1* Version 1.0 (20041207) from the MozillaThunderbird-1.0-5 rpm of Suse
-9.3 professional updates.
-
-*2* It may be possible to do this with about:config and the following
-settings but I haven't tried, yet.
- mail.html_compose => false
- mail.identity.default.compose_html => false
- mail.identity.id?.compose_html => false
-
-(Lukas Sandström)
-
-There is a script in contrib/thunderbird-patch-inline which can help
-you include patches with Thunderbird in an easy way. To use it, do the
-steps above and then use the script as the external editor.
+See the MUA-SPECIFIC HINTS section of git-format-patch(1).
Gnus
----
@@ -540,72 +433,3 @@ characters (most notably in people's names), and also
whitespaces (fatal in patches). Running 'C-u g' to display the
message in raw form before using '|' to run the pipe can work
this problem around.
-
-
-KMail
------
-
-This should help you to submit patches inline using KMail.
-
-1) Prepare the patch as a text file.
-
-2) Click on New Mail.
-
-3) Go under "Options" in the Composer window and be sure that
-"Word wrap" is not set.
-
-4) Use Message -> Insert file... and insert the patch.
-
-5) Back in the compose window: add whatever other text you wish to the
-message, complete the addressing and subject fields, and press send.
-
-
-Gmail
------
-
-GMail does not appear to have any way to turn off line wrapping in the web
-interface, so this will mangle any emails that you send. You can however
-use "git send-email" and send your patches through the GMail SMTP server, or
-use any IMAP email client to connect to the google IMAP server and forward
-the emails through that.
-
-To use "git send-email" and send your patches through the GMail SMTP server,
-edit ~/.gitconfig to specify your account settings:
-
-[sendemail]
- smtpencryption = tls
- smtpserver = smtp.gmail.com
- smtpuser = user@gmail.com
- smtppass = p4ssw0rd
- smtpserverport = 587
-
-Once your commits are ready to be sent to the mailing list, run the
-following commands:
-
- $ git format-patch --cover-letter -M origin/master -o outgoing/
- $ edit outgoing/0000-*
- $ git send-email outgoing/*
-
-To submit using the IMAP interface, first, edit your ~/.gitconfig to specify your
-account settings:
-
-[imap]
- folder = "[Gmail]/Drafts"
- host = imaps://imap.gmail.com
- user = user@gmail.com
- pass = p4ssw0rd
- port = 993
- sslverify = false
-
-You might need to instead use: folder = "[Google Mail]/Drafts" if you get an error
-that the "Folder doesn't exist".
-
-Once your commits are ready to be sent to the mailing list, run the
-following commands:
-
- $ git format-patch --cover-letter -M --stdout origin/master | git imap-send
-
-Just make sure to disable line wrapping in the email client (GMail web
-interface will line wrap no matter what, so you need to use a real
-IMAP client).
-
diff --git a/Documentation/asciidoc.conf b/Documentation/asciidoc.conf
index aea8627..1273a85 100644
--- a/Documentation/asciidoc.conf
+++ b/Documentation/asciidoc.conf
@@ -36,7 +36,7 @@ ifndef::git-asciidoc-no-roff[]
# v1.72 breaks with this because it replaces dots not in roff requests.
[listingblock]
<example><title>{title}</title>
-<literallayout>
+<literallayout class="monospaced">
ifdef::doctype-manpage[]
&#10;.ft C&#10;
endif::doctype-manpage[]
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ ifdef::doctype-manpage[]
# The following two small workarounds insert a simple paragraph after screen
[listingblock]
<example><title>{title}</title>
-<literallayout>
+<literallayout class="monospaced">
|
</literallayout><simpara></simpara>
{title#}</example>
@@ -90,6 +90,8 @@ endif::backend-docbook[]
endif::doctype-manpage[]
ifdef::backend-xhtml11[]
+[attributes]
+git-relative-html-prefix=
[linkgit-inlinemacro]
-<a href="{target}.html">{target}{0?({0})}</a>
+<a href="{git-relative-html-prefix}{target}.html">{target}{0?({0})}</a>
endif::backend-xhtml11[]
diff --git a/Documentation/blame-options.txt b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
index 16e3c68..d4a51da 100644
--- a/Documentation/blame-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
@@ -52,6 +52,11 @@ of lines before or after the line given by <start>.
--porcelain::
Show in a format designed for machine consumption.
+--line-porcelain::
+ Show the porcelain format, but output commit information for
+ each line, not just the first time a commit is referenced.
+ Implies --porcelain.
+
--incremental::
Show the result incrementally in a format designed for
machine consumption.
@@ -112,5 +117,4 @@ commit. And the default value is 40. If there are more than one
take effect.
-h::
---help::
Show help message.
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index 701fba9..bf8f911 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -12,8 +12,9 @@ The configuration variables are used by both the git plumbing
and the porcelains. The variables are divided into sections, wherein
the fully qualified variable name of the variable itself is the last
dot-separated segment and the section name is everything before the last
-dot. The variable names are case-insensitive and only alphanumeric
-characters are allowed. Some variables may appear multiple times.
+dot. The variable names are case-insensitive, allow only alphanumeric
+characters and `-`, and must start with an alphabetic character. Some
+variables may appear multiple times.
Syntax
~~~~~~
@@ -45,24 +46,26 @@ lines. Variables may belong directly to a section or to a given subsection.
You can have `[section]` if you have `[section "subsection"]`, but you
don't need to.
-There is also a case insensitive alternative `[section.subsection]` syntax.
-In this syntax, subsection names follow the same restrictions as for section
-names.
+There is also a deprecated `[section.subsection]` syntax. With this
+syntax, the subsection name is converted to lower-case and is also
+compared case sensitively. These subsection names follow the same
+restrictions as section names.
All the other lines (and the remainder of the line after the section
header) are recognized as setting variables, in the form
'name = value'. If there is no equal sign on the line, the entire line
is taken as 'name' and the variable is recognized as boolean "true".
-The variable names are case-insensitive and only alphanumeric
-characters and `-` are allowed. There can be more than one value
-for a given variable; we say then that variable is multivalued.
+The variable names are case-insensitive, allow only alphanumeric characters
+and `-`, and must start with an alphabetic character. There can be more
+than one value for a given variable; we say then that the variable is
+multivalued.
Leading and trailing whitespace in a variable value is discarded.
Internal whitespace within a variable value is retained verbatim.
The values following the equals sign in variable assign are all either
a string, an integer, or a boolean. Boolean values may be given as yes/no,
-0/1, true/false or on/off. Case is not significant in boolean values, when
+1/0, true/false or on/off. Case is not significant in boolean values, when
converting value to the canonical form using '--bool' type specifier;
'git config' will ensure that the output is "true" or "false".
@@ -83,6 +86,19 @@ customary UNIX fashion.
Some variables may require a special value format.
+Includes
+~~~~~~~~
+
+You can include one config file from another by setting the special
+`include.path` variable to the name of the file to be included. The
+included file is expanded immediately, as if its contents had been
+found at the location of the include directive. If the value of the
+`include.path` variable is a relative path, the path is considered to be
+relative to the configuration file in which the include directive was
+found. The value of `include.path` is subject to tilde expansion: `~/`
+is expanded to the value of `$HOME`, and `~user/` to the specified
+user's home directory. See below for examples.
+
Example
~~~~~~~
@@ -105,6 +121,11 @@ Example
gitProxy="ssh" for "kernel.org"
gitProxy=default-proxy ; for the rest
+ [include]
+ path = /path/to/foo.inc ; include by absolute path
+ path = foo ; expand "foo" relative to the current file
+ path = ~/foo ; expand "foo" in your $HOME directory
+
Variables
~~~~~~~~~
@@ -114,40 +135,57 @@ in the appropriate manual page. You will find a description of non-core
porcelain configuration variables in the respective porcelain documentation.
advice.*::
- When set to 'true', display the given optional help message.
- When set to 'false', do not display. The configuration variables
- are:
+ These variables control various optional help messages designed to
+ aid new users. All 'advice.*' variables default to 'true', and you
+ can tell Git that you do not need help by setting these to 'false':
+
--
pushNonFastForward::
- Advice shown when linkgit:git-push[1] refuses
- non-fast-forward refs. Default: true.
+ Set this variable to 'false' if you want to disable
+ 'pushNonFFCurrent', 'pushNonFFDefault', and
+ 'pushNonFFMatching' simultaneously.
+ pushNonFFCurrent::
+ Advice shown when linkgit:git-push[1] fails due to a
+ non-fast-forward update to the current branch.
+ pushNonFFDefault::
+ Advice to set 'push.default' to 'upstream' or 'current'
+ when you ran linkgit:git-push[1] and pushed 'matching
+ refs' by default (i.e. you did not provide an explicit
+ refspec, and no 'push.default' configuration was set)
+ and it resulted in a non-fast-forward error.
+ pushNonFFMatching::
+ Advice shown when you ran linkgit:git-push[1] and pushed
+ 'matching refs' explicitly (i.e. you used ':', or
+ specified a refspec that isn't your current branch) and
+ it resulted in a non-fast-forward error.
statusHints::
- Directions on how to stage/unstage/add shown in the
- output of linkgit:git-status[1] and the template shown
- when writing commit messages. Default: true.
+ Show directions on how to proceed from the current
+ state in the output of linkgit:git-status[1], in
+ the template shown when writing commit messages in
+ linkgit:git-commit[1], and in the help message shown
+ by linkgit:git-checkout[1] when switching branch.
commitBeforeMerge::
Advice shown when linkgit:git-merge[1] refuses to
merge to avoid overwriting local changes.
- Default: true.
resolveConflict::
Advices shown by various commands when conflicts
prevent the operation from being performed.
- Default: true.
implicitIdentity::
Advice on how to set your identity configuration when
your information is guessed from the system username and
- domain name. Default: true.
-
+ domain name.
detachedHead::
- Advice shown when you used linkgit::git-checkout[1] to
+ Advice shown when you used linkgit:git-checkout[1] to
move to the detach HEAD state, to instruct how to create
- a local branch after the fact. Default: true.
+ a local branch after the fact.
+ amWorkDir::
+ Advice that shows the location of the patch file when
+ linkgit:git-am[1] fails to apply it.
--
core.fileMode::
If false, the executable bit differences between the index and
- the working copy are ignored; useful on broken filesystems like FAT.
+ the working tree are ignored; useful on broken filesystems like FAT.
See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
+
The default is true, except linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1]
@@ -177,9 +215,18 @@ The default is false, except linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1]
will probe and set core.ignorecase true if appropriate when the repository
is created.
+core.precomposeunicode::
+ This option is only used by Mac OS implementation of git.
+ When core.precomposeunicode=true, git reverts the unicode decomposition
+ of filenames done by Mac OS. This is useful when sharing a repository
+ between Mac OS and Linux or Windows.
+ (Git for Windows 1.7.10 or higher is needed, or git under cygwin 1.7).
+ When false, file names are handled fully transparent by git,
+ which is backward compatible with older versions of git.
+
core.trustctime::
If false, the ctime differences between the index and the
- working copy are ignored; useful when the inode change time
+ working tree are ignored; useful when the inode change time
is regularly modified by something outside Git (file system
crawlers and some backup systems).
See linkgit:git-update-index[1]. True by default.
@@ -292,7 +339,7 @@ core.ignoreStat::
If true, commands which modify both the working tree and the index
will mark the updated paths with the "assume unchanged" bit in the
index. These marked files are then assumed to stay unchanged in the
- working copy, until you mark them otherwise manually - Git will not
+ working tree, until you mark them otherwise manually - Git will not
detect the file changes by lstat() calls. This is useful on systems
where those are very slow, such as Microsoft Windows.
See linkgit:git-update-index[1].
@@ -320,7 +367,7 @@ core.worktree::
Set the path to the root of the working tree.
This can be overridden by the GIT_WORK_TREE environment
variable and the '--work-tree' command line option.
- The value can an absolute path or relative to the path to
+ The value can be an absolute path or relative to the path to
the .git directory, which is either specified by --git-dir
or GIT_DIR, or automatically discovered.
If --git-dir or GIT_DIR is specified but none of
@@ -344,7 +391,9 @@ core.logAllRefUpdates::
SHA1, the date/time and the reason of the update, but
only when the file exists. If this configuration
variable is set to true, missing "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>"
- file is automatically created for branch heads.
+ file is automatically created for branch heads (i.e. under
+ refs/heads/), remote refs (i.e. under refs/remotes/),
+ note refs (i.e. under refs/notes/), and the symbolic ref HEAD.
+
This information can be used to determine what commit
was the tip of a branch "2 days ago".
@@ -442,15 +491,15 @@ for most projects as source code and other text files can still
be delta compressed, but larger binary media files won't be.
+
Common unit suffixes of 'k', 'm', or 'g' are supported.
-+
-Currently only linkgit:git-fast-import[1] honors this setting.
core.excludesfile::
In addition to '.gitignore' (per-directory) and
'.git/info/exclude', git looks into this file for patterns
- of files which are not meant to be tracked. "{tilde}/" is expanded
- to the value of `$HOME` and "{tilde}user/" to the specified user's
- home directory. See linkgit:gitignore[5].
+ of files which are not meant to be tracked. "`~/`" is expanded
+ to the value of `$HOME` and "`~user/`" to the specified user's
+ home directory. Its default value is $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/ignore.
+ If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/ignore
+ is used instead. See linkgit:gitignore[5].
core.askpass::
Some commands (e.g. svn and http interfaces) that interactively
@@ -465,7 +514,9 @@ core.attributesfile::
In addition to '.gitattributes' (per-directory) and
'.git/info/attributes', git looks into this file for attributes
(see linkgit:gitattributes[5]). Path expansions are made the same
- way as for `core.excludesfile`.
+ way as for `core.excludesfile`. Its default value is
+ $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/attributes. If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is either not
+ set or empty, $HOME/.config/git/attributes is used instead.
core.editor::
Commands such as `commit` and `tag` that lets you edit
@@ -473,6 +524,12 @@ core.editor::
variable when it is set, and the environment variable
`GIT_EDITOR` is not set. See linkgit:git-var[1].
+sequence.editor::
+ Text editor used by `git rebase -i` for editing the rebase insn file.
+ The value is meant to be interpreted by the shell when it is used.
+ It can be overridden by the `GIT_SEQUENCE_EDITOR` environment variable.
+ When not configured the default commit message editor is used instead.
+
core.pager::
The command that git will use to paginate output. Can
be overridden with the `GIT_PAGER` environment
@@ -482,14 +539,14 @@ core.pager::
`LESS` variable to some other value. Alternately,
these settings can be overridden on a project or
global basis by setting the `core.pager` option.
- Setting `core.pager` has no affect on the `LESS`
+ Setting `core.pager` has no effect on the `LESS`
environment variable behaviour above, so if you want
to override git's default settings this way, you need
to be explicit. For example, to disable the S option
in a backward compatible manner, set `core.pager`
- to `less -+$LESS -FRX`. This will be passed to the
- shell by git, which will translate the final command to
- `LESS=FRSX less -+FRSX -FRX`.
+ to `less -+S`. This will be passed to the shell by
+ git, which will translate the final command to
+ `LESS=FRSX less -+S`.
core.whitespace::
A comma separated list of common whitespace problems to
@@ -503,8 +560,9 @@ core.whitespace::
* `space-before-tab` treats a space character that appears immediately
before a tab character in the initial indent part of the line as an
error (enabled by default).
-* `indent-with-non-tab` treats a line that is indented with 8 or more
- space characters as an error (not enabled by default).
+* `indent-with-non-tab` treats a line that is indented with space
+ characters instead of the equivalent tabs as an error (not enabled by
+ default).
* `tab-in-indent` treats a tab character in the initial indent part of
the line as an error (not enabled by default).
* `blank-at-eof` treats blank lines added at the end of file as an error
@@ -558,6 +616,12 @@ core.sparseCheckout::
Enable "sparse checkout" feature. See section "Sparse checkout" in
linkgit:git-read-tree[1] for more information.
+core.abbrev::
+ Set the length object names are abbreviated to. If unspecified,
+ many commands abbreviate to 7 hexdigits, which may not be enough
+ for abbreviated object names to stay unique for sufficiently long
+ time.
+
add.ignore-errors::
add.ignoreErrors::
Tells 'git add' to continue adding files when some files cannot be
@@ -583,6 +647,8 @@ it will be treated as a shell command. For example, defining
"gitk --all --not ORIG_HEAD". Note that shell commands will be
executed from the top-level directory of a repository, which may
not necessarily be the current directory.
+'GIT_PREFIX' is set as returned by running 'git rev-parse --show-prefix'
+from the original current directory. See linkgit:git-rev-parse[1].
am.keepcr::
If true, git-am will call git-mailsplit for patches in mbox format
@@ -637,7 +703,7 @@ branch.<name>.remote::
branch.<name>.merge::
Defines, together with branch.<name>.remote, the upstream branch
- for the given branch. It tells 'git fetch'/'git pull' which
+ for the given branch. It tells 'git fetch'/'git pull'/'git rebase' which
branch to merge and can also affect 'git push' (see push.default).
When in branch <name>, it tells 'git fetch' the default
refspec to be marked for merging in FETCH_HEAD. The value is
@@ -662,15 +728,17 @@ branch.<name>.mergeoptions::
branch.<name>.rebase::
When true, rebase the branch <name> on top of the fetched branch,
instead of merging the default branch from the default remote when
- "git pull" is run.
- *NOTE*: this is a possibly dangerous operation; do *not* use
- it unless you understand the implications (see linkgit:git-rebase[1]
- for details).
+ "git pull" is run. See "pull.rebase" for doing this in a non
+ branch-specific manner.
++
+*NOTE*: this is a possibly dangerous operation; do *not* use
+it unless you understand the implications (see linkgit:git-rebase[1]
+for details).
browser.<tool>.cmd::
Specify the command to invoke the specified browser. The
specified command is evaluated in shell with the URLs passed
- as arguments. (See linkgit:git-web--browse[1].)
+ as arguments. (See linkgit:git-web{litdd}browse[1].)
browser.<tool>.path::
Override the path for the given tool that may be used to
@@ -702,9 +770,16 @@ second is the background. The position of the attribute, if any,
doesn't matter.
color.diff::
- When set to `always`, always use colors in patch.
- When false (or `never`), never. When set to `true` or `auto`, use
- colors only when the output is to the terminal. Defaults to false.
+ Whether to use ANSI escape sequences to add color to patches.
+ If this is set to `always`, linkgit:git-diff[1],
+ linkgit:git-log[1], and linkgit:git-show[1] will use color
+ for all patches. If it is set to `true` or `auto`, those
+ commands will only use color when output is to the terminal.
+ Defaults to false.
++
+This does not affect linkgit:git-format-patch[1] nor the
+'git-diff-{asterisk}' plumbing commands. Can be overridden on the
+command line with the `--color[=<when>]` option.
color.diff.<slot>::
Use customized color for diff colorization. `<slot>` specifies
@@ -790,11 +865,53 @@ color.status.<slot>::
color.branch.<slot>.
color.ui::
- When set to `always`, always use colors in all git commands which
- are capable of colored output. When false (or `never`), never. When
- set to `true` or `auto`, use colors only when the output is to the
- terminal. When more specific variables of color.* are set, they always
- take precedence over this setting. Defaults to false.
+ This variable determines the default value for variables such
+ as `color.diff` and `color.grep` that control the use of color
+ per command family. Its scope will expand as more commands learn
+ configuration to set a default for the `--color` option. Set it
+ to `always` if you want all output not intended for machine
+ consumption to use color, to `true` or `auto` if you want such
+ output to use color when written to the terminal, or to `false` or
+ `never` if you prefer git commands not to use color unless enabled
+ explicitly with some other configuration or the `--color` option.
+
+column.ui::
+ Specify whether supported commands should output in columns.
+ This variable consists of a list of tokens separated by spaces
+ or commas:
++
+--
+`always`;;
+ always show in columns
+`never`;;
+ never show in columns
+`auto`;;
+ show in columns if the output is to the terminal
+`column`;;
+ fill columns before rows (default)
+`row`;;
+ fill rows before columns
+`plain`;;
+ show in one column
+`dense`;;
+ make unequal size columns to utilize more space
+`nodense`;;
+ make equal size columns
+--
++
+This option defaults to 'never'.
+
+column.branch::
+ Specify whether to output branch listing in `git branch` in columns.
+ See `column.ui` for details.
+
+column.status::
+ Specify whether to output untracked files in `git status` in columns.
+ See `column.ui` for details.
+
+column.tag::
+ Specify whether to output tag listing in `git tag` in columns.
+ See `column.ui` for details.
commit.status::
A boolean to enable/disable inclusion of status information in the
@@ -803,71 +920,33 @@ commit.status::
commit.template::
Specify a file to use as the template for new commit messages.
- "{tilde}/" is expanded to the value of `$HOME` and "{tilde}user/" to the
+ "`~/`" is expanded to the value of `$HOME` and "`~user/`" to the
specified user's home directory.
-diff.autorefreshindex::
- When using 'git diff' to compare with work tree
- files, do not consider stat-only change as changed.
- Instead, silently run `git update-index --refresh` to
- update the cached stat information for paths whose
- contents in the work tree match the contents in the
- index. This option defaults to true. Note that this
- affects only 'git diff' Porcelain, and not lower level
- 'diff' commands such as 'git diff-files'.
-
-diff.external::
- If this config variable is set, diff generation is not
- performed using the internal diff machinery, but using the
- given command. Can be overridden with the `GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF'
- environment variable. The command is called with parameters
- as described under "git Diffs" in linkgit:git[1]. Note: if
- you want to use an external diff program only on a subset of
- your files, you might want to use linkgit:gitattributes[5] instead.
-
-diff.mnemonicprefix::
- If set, 'git diff' uses a prefix pair that is different from the
- standard "a/" and "b/" depending on what is being compared. When
- this configuration is in effect, reverse diff output also swaps
- the order of the prefixes:
-`git diff`;;
- compares the (i)ndex and the (w)ork tree;
-`git diff HEAD`;;
- compares a (c)ommit and the (w)ork tree;
-`git diff --cached`;;
- compares a (c)ommit and the (i)ndex;
-`git diff HEAD:file1 file2`;;
- compares an (o)bject and a (w)ork tree entity;
-`git diff --no-index a b`;;
- compares two non-git things (1) and (2).
-
-diff.noprefix::
- If set, 'git diff' does not show any source or destination prefix.
-
-diff.renameLimit::
- The number of files to consider when performing the copy/rename
- detection; equivalent to the 'git diff' option '-l'.
-
-diff.renames::
- Tells git to detect renames. If set to any boolean value, it
- will enable basic rename detection. If set to "copies" or
- "copy", it will detect copies, as well.
-
-diff.ignoreSubmodules::
- Sets the default value of --ignore-submodules. Note that this
- affects only 'git diff' Porcelain, and not lower level 'diff'
- commands such as 'git diff-files'. 'git checkout' also honors
- this setting when reporting uncommitted changes.
-
-diff.suppressBlankEmpty::
- A boolean to inhibit the standard behavior of printing a space
- before each empty output line. Defaults to false.
-
-diff.tool::
- Controls which diff tool is used. `diff.tool` overrides
- `merge.tool` when used by linkgit:git-difftool[1] and has
- the same valid values as `merge.tool` minus "tortoisemerge"
- and plus "kompare".
+credential.helper::
+ Specify an external helper to be called when a username or
+ password credential is needed; the helper may consult external
+ storage to avoid prompting the user for the credentials. See
+ linkgit:gitcredentials[7] for details.
+
+credential.useHttpPath::
+ When acquiring credentials, consider the "path" component of an http
+ or https URL to be important. Defaults to false. See
+ linkgit:gitcredentials[7] for more information.
+
+credential.username::
+ If no username is set for a network authentication, use this username
+ by default. See credential.<context>.* below, and
+ linkgit:gitcredentials[7].
+
+credential.<url>.*::
+ Any of the credential.* options above can be applied selectively to
+ some credentials. For example "credential.https://example.com.username"
+ would set the default username only for https connections to
+ example.com. See linkgit:gitcredentials[7] for details on how URLs are
+ matched.
+
+include::diff-config.txt[]
difftool.<tool>.path::
Override the path for the given tool. This is useful in case
@@ -884,16 +963,21 @@ difftool.<tool>.cmd::
difftool.prompt::
Prompt before each invocation of the diff tool.
-diff.wordRegex::
- A POSIX Extended Regular Expression used to determine what is a "word"
- when performing word-by-word difference calculations. Character
- sequences that match the regular expression are "words", all other
- characters are *ignorable* whitespace.
-
fetch.recurseSubmodules::
- A boolean value which changes the behavior for fetch and pull, the
- default is to not recursively fetch populated submodules unless
- configured otherwise.
+ This option can be either set to a boolean value or to 'on-demand'.
+ Setting it to a boolean changes the behavior of fetch and pull to
+ unconditionally recurse into submodules when set to true or to not
+ recurse at all when set to false. When set to 'on-demand' (the default
+ value), fetch and pull will only recurse into a populated submodule
+ when its superproject retrieves a commit that updates the submodule's
+ reference.
+
+fetch.fsckObjects::
+ If it is set to true, git-fetch-pack will check all fetched
+ objects. It will abort in the case of a malformed object or a
+ broken link. The result of an abort are only dangling objects.
+ Defaults to false. If not set, the value of `transfer.fsckObjects`
+ is used instead.
fetch.unpackLimit::
If the number of objects fetched over the git native
@@ -955,7 +1039,7 @@ format.thread::
a boolean value, or `shallow` or `deep`. `shallow` threading
makes every mail a reply to the head of the series,
where the head is chosen from the cover letter, the
- `\--in-reply-to`, and the first patch mail, in this order.
+ `--in-reply-to`, and the first patch mail, in this order.
`deep` threading makes every mail a reply to the previous one.
A true boolean value is the same as `shallow`, and a false
value disables threading.
@@ -967,6 +1051,16 @@ format.signoff::
the rights to submit this work under the same open source license.
Please see the 'SubmittingPatches' document for further discussion.
+filter.<driver>.clean::
+ The command which is used to convert the content of a worktree
+ file to a blob upon checkin. See linkgit:gitattributes[5] for
+ details.
+
+filter.<driver&g