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-rw-r--r--.gitignore3
-rw-r--r--.mailmap9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/CodingGuidelines2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.1.txt36
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.2.txt87
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.3.txt117
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.4.txt39
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.5.txt56
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.6.txt33
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.txt258
-rw-r--r--Documentation/SubmittingPatches37
-rw-r--r--Documentation/asciidoc.conf21
-rw-r--r--Documentation/config.txt247
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-format.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-options.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/fetch-options.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-add.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-am.txt38
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-annotate.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-apply.txt39
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-archimport.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-archive.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bisect.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-blame.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-branch.txt41
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bundle.txt41
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cat-file.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-attr.txt54
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-checkout-index.txt28
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-checkout.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt19
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cherry.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-citool.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clean.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clone.txt24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit.txt66
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-config.txt47
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-count-objects.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cvsexportcommit.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt51
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-daemon.txt60
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-describe.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff-files.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff-index.txt34
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-export.txt45
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-import.txt31
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fetch.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt41
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-format-patch.txt29
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fsck-objects.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fsck.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-gc.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-get-tar-commit-id.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-grep.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-gui.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-hash-object.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-help.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-http-fetch.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-http-push.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-imap-send.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-index-pack.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-init-db.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-init.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-instaweb.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-log.txt17
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-lost-found.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-files.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mailsplit.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-base.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-file.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-index.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-one-file.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-tree.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge.txt104
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mergetool.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mktag.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mktree.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mv.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-name-rev.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt17
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pack-redundant.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pack-refs.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-parse-remote.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-patch-id.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-peek-remote.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-prune.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pull.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-push.txt42
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-read-tree.txt83
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rebase.txt61
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-reflog.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-relink.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-repack.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-repo-config.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-request-pull.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rerere.txt36
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-reset.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-list.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt59
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-revert.txt15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rm.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-email.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-pack.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-shell.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-shortlog.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show-branch.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show-index.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show-ref.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-stash.txt81
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-status.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-stripspace.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-submodule.txt107
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-svn.txt160
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-symbolic-ref.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tag.txt19
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tar-tree.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-unpack-file.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-index.txt57
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-ref.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-server-info.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-upload-archive.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-upload-pack.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-var.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-web--browse.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-write-tree.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git.txt66
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitattributes.txt113
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcli.txt75
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt302
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt89
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitglossary.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/githooks.txt90
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitignore.txt19
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitk.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitmodules.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt48
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gittutorial.txt147
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/update-hook-example.txt86
-rw-r--r--Documentation/i18n.txt8
-rwxr-xr-xDocumentation/install-doc-quick.sh2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/merge-config.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/merge-options.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pretty-formats.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pull-fetch-param.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/rev-list-options.txt167
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-path-list.txt126
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-string-list.txt128
-rw-r--r--Documentation/urls-remotes.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/user-manual.txt203
-rwxr-xr-xGIT-VERSION-GEN5
-rw-r--r--INSTALL26
-rw-r--r--Makefile162
l---------RelNotes2
-rw-r--r--abspath.c104
-rw-r--r--alias.c54
-rw-r--r--archive-tar.c115
-rw-r--r--archive-zip.c114
-rw-r--r--archive.c320
-rw-r--r--archive.h29
-rw-r--r--branch.c6
-rw-r--r--builtin-add.c91
-rw-r--r--builtin-apply.c231
-rw-r--r--builtin-archive.c184
-rw-r--r--builtin-blame.c577
-rw-r--r--builtin-branch.c185
-rw-r--r--builtin-bundle.c4
-rw-r--r--builtin-cat-file.c8
-rw-r--r--builtin-check-attr.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin-check-ref-format.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin-checkout-index.c22
-rw-r--r--builtin-checkout.c242
-rw-r--r--builtin-clean.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin-clone.c129
-rw-r--r--builtin-commit-tree.c106
-rw-r--r--builtin-commit.c94
-rw-r--r--builtin-config.c19
-rw-r--r--builtin-count-objects.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin-describe.c4
-rw-r--r--builtin-diff-files.c9
-rw-r--r--builtin-diff-index.c4
-rw-r--r--builtin-diff-tree.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin-diff.c25
-rw-r--r--builtin-fast-export.c188
-rw-r--r--builtin-fetch-pack.c16
-rw-r--r--builtin-fetch.c43
-rw-r--r--builtin-fmt-merge-msg.c157
-rw-r--r--builtin-for-each-ref.c15
-rw-r--r--builtin-fsck.c44
-rw-r--r--builtin-gc.c14
-rw-r--r--builtin-grep.c9
-rw-r--r--builtin-http-fetch.c4
-rw-r--r--builtin-init-db.c30
-rw-r--r--builtin-log.c18
-rw-r--r--builtin-ls-files.c45
-rw-r--r--builtin-ls-remote.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin-ls-tree.c19
-rw-r--r--builtin-mailinfo.c767
-rw-r--r--builtin-mailsplit.c14
-rw-r--r--builtin-merge-base.c28
-rw-r--r--builtin-merge-recursive.c131
-rw-r--r--builtin-merge.c1147
-rw-r--r--builtin-mv.c76
-rw-r--r--builtin-name-rev.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin-pack-objects.c121
-rw-r--r--builtin-pack-refs.c123
-rw-r--r--builtin-prune-packed.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin-prune.c60
-rw-r--r--builtin-push.c31
-rw-r--r--builtin-read-tree.c29
-rw-r--r--builtin-reflog.c10
-rw-r--r--builtin-remote.c201
-rw-r--r--builtin-rerere.c380
-rw-r--r--builtin-reset.c24
-rw-r--r--builtin-rev-list.c34
-rw-r--r--builtin-rev-parse.c34
-rw-r--r--builtin-revert.c36
-rw-r--r--builtin-rm.c33
-rw-r--r--builtin-send-pack.c36
-rw-r--r--builtin-shortlog.c180
-rw-r--r--builtin-show-branch.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin-show-ref.c16
-rw-r--r--builtin-symbolic-ref.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin-tag.c128
-rw-r--r--builtin-tar-tree.c22
-rw-r--r--builtin-unpack-objects.c5
-rw-r--r--builtin-update-index.c31
-rw-r--r--builtin-update-ref.c42
-rw-r--r--builtin-upload-archive.c18
-rw-r--r--builtin-verify-pack.c64
-rw-r--r--builtin-verify-tag.c11
-rw-r--r--builtin-write-tree.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin.h9
-rw-r--r--bundle.c20
-rw-r--r--cache-tree.c2
-rw-r--r--cache-tree.h2
-rw-r--r--cache.h51
-rwxr-xr-xcheck_bindir13
-rw-r--r--combine-diff.c28
-rw-r--r--commit.c143
-rw-r--r--commit.h8
-rw-r--r--compat/fnmatch/fnmatch.c488
-rw-r--r--compat/fnmatch/fnmatch.h84
-rw-r--r--compat/mingw.c1051
-rw-r--r--compat/mingw.h238
-rw-r--r--compat/regex/regex.c4927
-rw-r--r--compat/regex/regex.h490
-rw-r--r--compat/snprintf.c25
-rw-r--r--compat/winansi.c345
-rw-r--r--config.c64
-rw-r--r--config.mak.in2
-rw-r--r--connect.c6
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/completion/git-completion.bash515
-rw-r--r--contrib/emacs/git-blame.el2
-rw-r--r--contrib/emacs/git.el8
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-commit.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-merge.sh (renamed from git-merge.sh)4
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-remote.perl7
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-svnimport.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-tag.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/fast-import/git-p4103
-rw-r--r--contrib/fast-import/git-p4.txt133
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/fast-import/import-zips.py72
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/hg-to-git/hg-to-git.py27
-rw-r--r--contrib/hooks/setgitperms.perl4
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/stats/packinfo.pl14
-rw-r--r--contrib/thunderbird-patch-inline/README20
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/thunderbird-patch-inline/appp.sh55
-rw-r--r--convert.c4
-rw-r--r--csum-file.c24
-rw-r--r--csum-file.h1
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-rw-r--r--daemon.c28
-rw-r--r--date.c39
-rw-r--r--decorate.c16
-rw-r--r--decorate.h6
-rw-r--r--diff-no-index.c22
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-rw-r--r--diff.h2
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-rw-r--r--exec_cmd.h6
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-rwxr-xr-xfixup-builtins18
-rw-r--r--fsck.c2
-rwxr-xr-xgenerate-cmdlist.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-add--interactive.perl217
-rwxr-xr-xgit-am.sh64
-rwxr-xr-xgit-archimport.perl4
-rwxr-xr-xgit-bisect.sh12
-rw-r--r--git-compat-util.h217
-rwxr-xr-xgit-cvsexportcommit.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-cvsimport.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-cvsserver.perl36
-rwxr-xr-xgit-filter-branch.sh46
-rwxr-xr-xgit-gui/GIT-VERSION-GEN2
-rw-r--r--git-gui/Makefile5
-rwxr-xr-xgit-gui/git-gui.sh96
-rw-r--r--git-gui/lib/blame.tcl105
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-rw-r--r--git-gui/macosx/AppMain.tcl2
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/README17
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-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/git-gui.pot513
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-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/sv.po515
-rw-r--r--git-gui/windows/git-gui.sh11
-rwxr-xr-xgit-instaweb.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-merge-stupid.sh80
-rwxr-xr-xgit-mergetool.sh25
-rwxr-xr-xgit-pull.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xgit-quiltimport.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xgit-rebase--interactive.sh147
-rwxr-xr-xgit-rebase.sh88
-rwxr-xr-xgit-relink.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-repack.sh24
-rwxr-xr-xgit-request-pull.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xgit-send-email.perl64
-rwxr-xr-xgit-sh-setup.sh20
-rwxr-xr-xgit-stash.sh67
-rwxr-xr-xgit-submodule.sh68
-rwxr-xr-xgit-svn.perl312
-rw-r--r--git.c167
-rw-r--r--git.spec.in17
-rw-r--r--gitk-git/gitk162
-rw-r--r--gitk-git/po/de.po106
-rw-r--r--gitk-git/po/sv.po492
-rw-r--r--gitweb/INSTALL6
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-rwxr-xr-xt/t0020-crlf.sh8
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-rwxr-xr-xt/t0024-crlf-archive.sh46
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-rwxr-xr-xt/t0050-filesystem.sh4
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-rwxr-xr-xt/t1005-read-tree-reset.sh60
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-rwxr-xr-xt/t1503-rev-parse-verify.sh2
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-rwxr-xr-xt/t3401-rebase-partial.sh24
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3403-rebase-skip.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3404-rebase-interactive.sh106
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3407-rebase-abort.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3409-rebase-hook.sh126
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3500-cherry.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3502-cherry-pick-merge.sh12
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-rwxr-xr-xt/t3600-rm.sh55
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3700-add.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3701-add-interactive.sh67
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3800-mktag.sh16
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3900-i18n-commit.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3901-i18n-patch.sh16
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3902-quoted.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3903-stash.sh64
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4012-diff-binary.sh25
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4013-diff-various.sh1
-rw-r--r--t/t4013/diff.diff_master_master^_side29
-rw-r--r--t/t4013/diff.format-patch_--attach_--stdout_initial..master6
-rw-r--r--t/t4013/diff.format-patch_--attach_--stdout_initial..master^4
-rw-r--r--t/t4013/diff.format-patch_--attach_--stdout_initial..side2
-rw-r--r--t/t4013/diff.format-patch_--inline_--stdout_--subject-prefix=TESTCASE_initial..master6
-rw-r--r--t/t4013/diff.format-patch_--inline_--stdout_initial..master6
-rw-r--r--t/t4013/diff.format-patch_--inline_--stdout_initial..master^4
-rw-r--r--t/t4013/diff.format-patch_--inline_--stdout_initial..master^^2
-rw-r--r--t/t4013/diff.format-patch_--inline_--stdout_initial..side2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4014-format-patch.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4015-diff-whitespace.sh69
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4016-diff-quote.sh18
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4017-diff-retval.sh14
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4018-diff-funcname.sh26
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4019-diff-wserror.sh32
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4020-diff-external.sh21
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4100-apply-stat.sh64
-rw-r--r--t/t4100/t-apply-8.expect2
-rw-r--r--t/t4100/t-apply-8.patch11
-rw-r--r--t/t4100/t-apply-9.expect2
-rw-r--r--t/t4100/t-apply-9.patch11
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4103-apply-binary.sh42
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4104-apply-boundary.sh15
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4109-apply-multifrag.sh179
-rw-r--r--t/t4109/expect-131
-rw-r--r--t/t4109/expect-223
-rw-r--r--t/t4109/expect-324
-rw-r--r--t/t4109/patch1.patch28
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-rw-r--r--t/t4109/patch3.patch31
-rw-r--r--t/t4109/patch4.patch30
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4110-apply-scan.sh96
-rw-r--r--t/t4110/expect20
-rw-r--r--t/t4110/patch1.patch17
-rw-r--r--t/t4110/patch2.patch11
-rw-r--r--t/t4110/patch3.patch14
-rw-r--r--t/t4110/patch4.patch11
-rw-r--r--t/t4110/patch5.patch11
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4112-apply-renames.sh20
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4113-apply-ending.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4116-apply-reverse.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4119-apply-config.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4124-apply-ws-rule.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4127-apply-same-fn.sh90
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4128-apply-root.sh95
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4150-am.sh34
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4151-am-abort.sh65
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4200-rerere.sh58
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4202-log.sh22
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5000-tar-tree.sh32
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5100-mailinfo.sh13
-rw-r--r--t/t5100/info-from.expect5
-rw-r--r--t/t5100/info-from.in8
-rw-r--r--t/t5100/info00115
-rw-r--r--t/t5100/msg00112
-rw-r--r--t/t5100/patch001122
-rw-r--r--t/t5100/sample.mbox36
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5300-pack-object.sh28
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5301-sliding-window.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5302-pack-index.sh43
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5303-pack-corruption-resilience.sh194
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5305-include-tag.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5306-pack-nobase.sh80
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5400-send-pack.sh30
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5401-update-hooks.sh5
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5402-post-merge-hook.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5403-post-checkout-hook.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5404-tracking-branches.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5405-send-pack-rewind.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5406-remote-rejects.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5500-fetch-pack.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5505-remote.sh22
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5510-fetch.sh26
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5515-fetch-merge-logic.sh9
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5516-fetch-push.sh89
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5520-pull.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5530-upload-pack-error.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5540-http-push.sh22
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5600-clone-fail-cleanup.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5601-clone.sh55
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5602-clone-remote-exec.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6006-rev-list-format.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6008-rev-list-submodule.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6011-rev-list-with-bad-commit.sh60
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6021-merge-criss-cross.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6023-merge-file.sh14
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6024-recursive-merge.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6025-merge-symlinks.sh32
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6026-merge-attr.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6030-bisect-porcelain.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6040-tracking-info.sh70
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6101-rev-parse-parents.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6120-describe.sh30
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6300-for-each-ref.sh121
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7001-mv.sh70
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7002-grep.sh51
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7003-filter-branch.sh28
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7004-tag.sh350
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7007-show.sh20
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7101-reset.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7102-reset.sh54
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7103-reset-bare.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7201-co.sh60
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7300-clean.sh76
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7400-submodule-basic.sh50
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7401-submodule-summary.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7402-submodule-rebase.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7500-commit.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7501-commit.sh60
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7502-commit.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7502-status.sh106
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7503-pre-commit-hook.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7504-commit-msg-hook.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7505-prepare-commit-msg-hook.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7506-status-submodule.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7507-commit-verbose.sh73
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7600-merge.sh89
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7601-merge-pull-config.sh156
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7602-merge-octopus-many.sh52
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7603-merge-reduce-heads.sh63
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7604-merge-custom-message.sh37
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7605-merge-resolve.sh48
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7610-mergetool.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7700-repack.sh73
-rwxr-xr-xt/t7701-repack-unpack-unreachable.sh50
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9001-send-email.sh12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9100-git-svn-basic.sh20
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9104-git-svn-follow-parent.sh42
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9106-git-svn-commit-diff-clobber.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9106-git-svn-dcommit-clobber-series.sh10
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9108-git-svn-glob.sh39
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9108-git-svn-multi-glob.sh160
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9110-git-svn-use-svm-props.sh9
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9113-git-svn-dcommit-new-file.sh9
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9118-git-svn-funky-branch-names.sh16
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9119-git-svn-info.sh84
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9124-git-svn-dcommit-auto-props.sh86
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9125-git-svn-multi-glob-branch-names.sh37
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9126-git-svn-follow-deleted-readded-directory.sh22
-rw-r--r--t/t9126/follow-deleted-readded.dump201
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9200-git-cvsexportcommit.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9300-fast-import.sh178
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9301-fast-export.sh143
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9400-git-cvsserver-server.sh31
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9500-gitweb-standalone-no-errors.sh49
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9600-cvsimport.sh5
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9700-perl-git.sh44
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9700/test.pl103
-rw-r--r--t/test-lib.sh83
-rw-r--r--templates/Makefile20
-rwxr-xr-x[-rw-r--r--]templates/hooks--applypatch-msg.sample (renamed from templates/hooks--applypatch-msg)2
-rwxr-xr-x[-rw-r--r--]templates/hooks--commit-msg.sample (renamed from templates/hooks--commit-msg)2
-rwxr-xr-x[-rw-r--r--]templates/hooks--post-commit.sample (renamed from templates/hooks--post-commit)2
-rw-r--r--templates/hooks--post-receive16
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--post-receive.sample15
-rwxr-xr-x[-rw-r--r--]templates/hooks--post-update.sample (renamed from templates/hooks--post-update)2
-rwxr-xr-x[-rw-r--r--]templates/hooks--pre-applypatch.sample (renamed from templates/hooks--pre-applypatch)2
-rw-r--r--templates/hooks--pre-commit70
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--pre-commit.sample18
-rwxr-xr-x[-rw-r--r--]templates/hooks--pre-rebase.sample (renamed from templates/hooks--pre-rebase)27
-rwxr-xr-x[-rw-r--r--]templates/hooks--prepare-commit-msg.sample (renamed from templates/hooks--prepare-commit-msg)6
-rwxr-xr-x[-rw-r--r--]templates/hooks--update.sample (renamed from templates/hooks--update)2
-rw-r--r--test-absolute-path.c11
-rw-r--r--test-chmtime.c91
-rw-r--r--test-parse-options.c10
-rw-r--r--test-path-utils.c26
-rw-r--r--transport.c7
-rw-r--r--tree-diff.c2
-rw-r--r--tree.c12
-rw-r--r--tree.h4
-rw-r--r--unpack-trees.c16
-rw-r--r--unpack-trees.h1
-rw-r--r--update-server-info.c2
-rw-r--r--upload-pack.c22
-rw-r--r--var.c2
-rw-r--r--wrapper.c198
-rw-r--r--write_or_die.c45
-rw-r--r--ws.c33
-rw-r--r--wt-status.c58
-rw-r--r--wt-status.h7
-rw-r--r--xdiff-interface.c16
-rw-r--r--xdiff-interface.h2
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xprepare.c15
670 files changed, 29666 insertions, 10648 deletions
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 4ff2fec..a213e8e 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -75,7 +75,6 @@ git-merge-one-file
git-merge-ours
git-merge-recursive
git-merge-resolve
-git-merge-stupid
git-merge-subtree
git-mergetool
git-mktag
@@ -142,7 +141,6 @@ git-write-tree
git-core-*/?*
gitk-wish
gitweb/gitweb.cgi
-test-absolute-path
test-chmtime
test-date
test-delta
@@ -150,6 +148,7 @@ test-dump-cache-tree
test-genrandom
test-match-trees
test-parse-options
+test-path-utils
test-sha1
common-cmds.h
*.tar.gz
diff --git a/.mailmap b/.mailmap
index f88ae77..373476b 100644
--- a/.mailmap
+++ b/.mailmap
@@ -5,22 +5,28 @@
# same person appearing not to be so.
#
+Alexander Gavrilov <angavrilov@gmail.com>
Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@gmail.com>
Brian M. Carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx>
Chris Shoemaker <c.shoemaker@cox.net>
Dana L. How <danahow@gmail.com>
Dana L. How <how@deathvalley.cswitch.com>
Daniel Barkalow <barkalow@iabervon.org>
+David D. Kilzer <ddkilzer@kilzer.net>
David Kågedal <davidk@lysator.liu.se>
+David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
+Dirk Süsserott <newsletter@dirk.my1.cc>
Fredrik Kuivinen <freku045@student.liu.se>
H. Peter Anvin <hpa@bonde.sc.orionmulti.com>
H. Peter Anvin <hpa@tazenda.sc.orionmulti.com>
H. Peter Anvin <hpa@trantor.hos.anvin.org>
Horst H. von Brand <vonbrand@inf.utfsm.cl>
+İsmail Dönmez <ismail@pardus.org.tr>
Jay Soffian <jaysoffian+git@gmail.com>
Joachim Berdal Haga <cjhaga@fys.uio.no>
Jon Loeliger <jdl@freescale.com>
Jon Seymour <jon@blackcubes.dyndns.org>
+Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@uchicago.edu>
Junio C Hamano <junio@twinsun.com>
Karl Hasselström <kha@treskal.com>
Kent Engstrom <kent@lysator.liu.se>
@@ -30,9 +36,12 @@ Li Hong <leehong@pku.edu.cn>
Lukas Sandström <lukass@etek.chalmers.se>
Martin Langhoff <martin@catalyst.net.nz>
Michael Coleman <tutufan@gmail.com>
+Michael W. Olson <mwolson@gnu.org>
Michele Ballabio <barra_cuda@katamail.com>
Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@bluebottle.com>
+Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@lavabit.com>
Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclouds@gmail.com>
+Philippe Bruhat <book@cpan.org>
Ramsay Allan Jones <ramsay@ramsay1.demon.co.uk>
René Scharfe <rene.scharfe@lsrfire.ath.cx>
Robert Fitzsimons <robfitz@273k.net>
diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index d2a0a76..f628c1f 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -105,7 +105,7 @@ For C programs:
- Use the API. No, really. We have a strbuf (variable length
string), several arrays with the ALLOC_GROW() macro, a
- path_list for sorted string lists, a hash map (mapping struct
+ string_list for sorted string lists, a hash map (mapping struct
objects) named "struct decorate", amongst other things.
- When you come up with an API, document it.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..49d7a1c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+GIT v1.6.0.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.6.0
+------------------
+
+* "git diff --cc" did not honor content mangling specified by
+ gitattributes and core.autocrlf when reading from the work tree.
+
+* "git diff --check" incorrectly detected new trailing blank lines when
+ whitespace check was in effect.
+
+* "git for-each-ref" tried to dereference NULL when asked for '%(body)" on
+ a tag with a single incomplete line as its payload.
+
+* "git format-patch" peeked before the beginning of a string when
+ "format.headers" variable is empty (a misconfiguration).
+
+* "git help help" did not work correctly.
+
+* "git mailinfo" (hence "git am") was unhappy when MIME multipart message
+ contained garbage after the finishing boundary.
+
+* "git mailinfo" also was unhappy when the "From: " line only had a bare
+ e-mail address.
+
+* "git merge" did not refresh the index correctly when a merge resulted in
+ a fast-forward.
+
+* "git merge" did not resolve a truly trivial merges that can be done
+ without content level merges.
+
+* "git svn dcommit" to a repository with URL that has embedded usernames
+ did not work correctly.
+
+Contains other various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7a9646f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,87 @@
+GIT v1.6.0.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.6.0.1
+--------------------
+
+* Installation on platforms that needs .exe suffix to git-* programs were
+ broken in 1.6.0.1.
+
+* Installation on filesystems without symbolic links support did nto
+ work well.
+
+* In-tree documentations and test scripts now use "git foo" form to set a
+ better example, instead of the "git-foo" form (which is an acceptable
+ form if you have "PATH=$(git --exec-path):$PATH" in your script)
+
+* Many commands did not use the correct working tree location when used
+ with GIT_WORK_TREE environment settings.
+
+* Some systems needs to use compatibility fnmach and regex libraries
+ independent from each other; the compat/ area has been reorganized to
+ allow this.
+
+
+* "git apply --unidiff-zero" incorrectly applied a -U0 patch that inserts
+ a new line before the second line.
+
+* "git blame -c" did not exactly work like "git annotate" when range
+ boundaries are involved.
+
+* "git checkout file" when file is still unmerged checked out contents from
+ a random high order stage, which was confusing.
+
+* "git clone $there $here/" with extra trailing slashes after explicit
+ local directory name $here did not work as expected.
+
+* "git diff" on tracked contents with CRLF line endings did not drive "less"
+ intelligently when showing added or removed lines.
+
+* "git diff --dirstat -M" did not add changes in subdirectories up
+ correctly for renamed paths.
+
+* "git diff --cumulative" did not imply "--dirstat".
+
+* "git for-each-ref refs/heads/" did not work as expected.
+
+* "git gui" allowed users to feed patch without any context to be applied.
+
+* "git gui" botched parsing "diff" output when a line that begins with two
+ dashes and a space gets removed or a line that begins with two pluses
+ and a space gets added.
+
+* "git gui" translation updates and i18n fixes.
+
+* "git index-pack" is more careful against disk corruption while completing
+ a thin pack.
+
+* "git log -i --grep=pattern" did not ignore case; neither "git log -E
+ --grep=pattern" triggered extended regexp.
+
+* "git log --pretty="%ad" --date=short" did not use short format when
+ showing the timestamp.
+
+* "git log --author=author" match incorrectly matched with the
+ timestamp part of "author " line in commit objects.
+
+* "git log -F --author=author" did not work at all.
+
+* Build procedure for "git shell" that used stub versions of some
+ functions and globals was not understood by linkers on some platforms.
+
+* "git stash" was fooled by a stat-dirty but otherwise unmodified paths
+ and refused to work until the user refreshed the index.
+
+* "git svn" was broken on Perl before 5.8 with recent fixes to reduce
+ use of temporary files.
+
+* "git verify-pack -v" did not work correctly when given more than one
+ packfile.
+
+Also contains many documentation updates.
+
+--
+exec >/var/tmp/1
+O=v1.6.0.1-78-g3632cfc
+echo O=$(git describe maint)
+git shortlog --no-merges $O..maint
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ae05778
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,117 @@
+GIT v1.6.0.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.6.0.2
+--------------------
+
+* "git archive --format=zip" did not honor core.autocrlf while
+ --format=tar did.
+
+* Continuing "git rebase -i" was very confused when the user left modified
+ files in the working tree while resolving conflicts.
+
+* Continuing "git rebase -i" was also very confused when the user left
+ some staged changes in the index after "edit".
+
+* "git rebase -i" now honors the pre-rebase hook, just like the
+ other rebase implementations "git rebase" and "git rebase -m".
+
+* "git rebase -i" incorrectly aborted when there is no commit to replay.
+
+* Behaviour of "git diff --quiet" was inconsistent with "diff --exit-code"
+ with the output redirected to /dev/null.
+
+* "git diff --no-index" on binary files no longer outputs a bogus
+ "diff --git" header line.
+
+* "git diff" hunk header patterns with multiple elements separated by LF
+ were not used correctly.
+
+* Hunk headers in "git diff" default to using extended regular
+ expressions, fixing some of the internal patterns on non-GNU
+ platforms.
+
+* New config "diff.*.xfuncname" exposes extended regular expressions
+ for user specified hunk header patterns.
+
+* "git gc" when ejecting otherwise unreachable objects from packfiles into
+ loose form leaked memory.
+
+* "git index-pack" was recently broken and mishandled objects added by
+ thin-pack completion processing under memory pressure.
+
+* "git index-pack" was recently broken and misbehaved when run from inside
+ .git/objects/pack/ directory.
+
+* "git stash apply sash@{1}" was fixed to error out. Prior versions
+ would have applied stash@{0} incorrectly.
+
+* "git stash apply" now offers a better suggestion on how to continue
+ if the working tree is currently dirty.
+
+* "git for-each-ref --format=%(subject)" fixed for commits with no
+ no newline in the message body.
+
+* "git remote" fixed to protect printf from user input.
+
+* "git remote show -v" now displays all URLs of a remote.
+
+* "git checkout -b branch" was confused when branch already existed.
+
+* "git checkout -q" once again suppresses the locally modified file list.
+
+* "git clone -q", "git fetch -q" asks remote side to not send
+ progress messages, actually making their output quiet.
+
+* Cross-directory renames are no longer used when creating packs. This
+ allows more graceful behavior on filesystems like sshfs.
+
+* Stale temporary files under $GIT_DIR/objects/pack are now cleaned up
+ automatically by "git prune".
+
+* "git merge" once again removes directories after the last file has
+ been removed from it during the merge.
+
+* "git merge" did not allocate enough memory for the structure itself when
+ enumerating the parents of the resulting commit.
+
+* "git blame -C -C" no longer segfaults while trying to pass blame if
+ it encounters a submodule reference.
+
+* "git rm" incorrectly claimed that you have local modifications when a
+ path was merely stat-dirty.
+
+* "git svn" fixed to display an error message when 'set-tree' failed,
+ instead of a Perl compile error.
+
+* "git submodule" fixed to handle checking out a different commit
+ than HEAD after initializing the submodule.
+
+* The "git commit" error message when there are still unmerged
+ files present was clarified to match "git write-tree".
+
+* "git init" was confused when core.bare or core.sharedRepository are set
+ in system or user global configuration file by mistake. When --bare or
+ --shared is given from the command line, these now override such
+ settings made outside the repositories.
+
+* Some segfaults due to uncaught NULL pointers were fixed in multiple
+ tools such as apply, reset, update-index.
+
+* Solaris builds now default to OLD_ICONV=1 to avoid compile warnings;
+ Solaris 8 does not define NEEDS_LIBICONV by default.
+
+* "Git.pm" tests relied on unnecessarily more recent version of Perl.
+
+* "gitweb" triggered undef warning on commits without log messages.
+
+* "gitweb" triggered undef warnings on missing trees.
+
+* "gitweb" now removes PATH_INFO from its URLs so users don't have
+ to manually set the URL in the gitweb configuration.
+
+* Bash completion removed support for legacy "git-fetch", "git-push"
+ and "git-pull" as these are no longer installed. Dashless form
+ ("git fetch") is still however supported.
+
+Many other documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d522661
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+GIT v1.6.0.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.6.0.3
+--------------------
+
+* 'git add -p' said "No changes" when only binary files were changed.
+
+* 'git archive' did not work correctly in bare repositories.
+
+* 'git checkout -t -b newbranch' when you are on detached HEAD was broken.
+
+* when we refuse to detect renames because there are too many new or
+ deleted files, 'git diff' did not say how many there are.
+
+* 'git push --mirror' tried and failed to push the stash; there is no
+ point in sending it to begin with.
+
+* 'git push' did not update the remote tracking reference if the corresponding
+ ref on the remote end happened to be already up to date.
+
+* 'git pull $there $branch:$current_branch' did not work when you were on
+ a branch yet to be born.
+
+* when giving up resolving a conflicted merge, 'git reset --hard' failed
+ to remove new paths from the working tree.
+
+* 'git send-email' had a small fd leak while scanning directory.
+
+* 'git status' incorrectly reported a submodule directory as an untracked
+ directory.
+
+* 'git svn' used deprecated 'git-foo' form of subcommand invocation.
+
+* 'git update-ref -d' to remove a reference did not honor --no-deref option.
+
+* Plugged small memleaks here and there.
+
+* Also contains many documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a08bb96
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+GIT v1.6.0.5 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.6.0.4
+--------------------
+
+* "git checkout" used to crash when your HEAD was pointing at a deleted
+ branch.
+
+* "git checkout" from an un-checked-out state did not allow switching out
+ of the current branch.
+
+* "git diff" always allowed GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF and --no-ext-diff was no-op for
+ the command.
+
+* Giving 3 or more tree-ish to "git diff" is supposed to show the combined
+ diff from second and subsequent trees to the first one, but the order was
+ screwed up.
+
+* "git fast-export" did not export all tags.
+
+* "git ls-files --with-tree=<tree>" did not work with options other
+ than -c, most notably with -m.
+
+* "git pack-objects" did not make its best effort to honor --max-pack-size
+ option when a single first object already busted the given limit and
+ placed many objects in a single pack.
+
+* "git-p4" fast import frontend was too eager to trigger its keyword expansion
+ logic, even on a keyword-looking string that does not have closing '$' on the
+ same line.
+
+* "git push $there" when the remote $there is defined in $GIT_DIR/branches/$there
+ behaves more like what cg-push from Cogito used to work.
+
+* when giving up resolving a conflicted merge, "git reset --hard" failed
+ to remove new paths from the working tree.
+
+* "git tag" did not complain when given mutually incompatible set of options.
+
+* The message constructed in the internal editor was discarded when "git
+ tag -s" failed to sign the message, which was often caused by the user
+ not configuring GPG correctly.
+
+* "make check" cannot be run without sparse; people may have meant to say
+ "make test" instead, so suggest that.
+
+* Internal diff machinery had a corner case performance bug that choked on
+ a large file with many repeated contents.
+
+* "git repack" used to grab objects out of packs marked with .keep
+ into a new pack.
+
+* Many unsafe call to sprintf() style varargs functions are corrected.
+
+* Also contains quite a few documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..64ece1f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,33 @@
+GIT v1.6.0.6 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since 1.6.0.5
+-------------------
+
+ * "git fsck" had a deep recursion that wasted stack space.
+
+ * "git fast-export" and "git fast-import" choked on an old style
+ annotated tag that lack the tagger information.
+
+ * "git mergetool -- file" did not correctly skip "--" marker that
+ signals the end of options list.
+
+ * "git show $tag" segfaulted when an annotated $tag pointed at a
+ nonexistent object.
+
+ * "git show 2>error" when the standard output is automatically redirected
+ to the pager redirected the standard error to the pager as well; there
+ was no need to.
+
+ * "git send-email" did not correctly handle list of addresses when
+ they had quoted comma (e.g. "Lastname, Givenname" <mail@addre.ss>).
+
+ * Logic to discover branch ancestry in "git svn" was unreliable when
+ the process to fetch history was interrupted.
+
+ * Removed support for an obsolete gitweb request URI, whose
+ implementation ran "git diff" Porcelain, instead of using plumbing,
+ which would have run an external diff command specified in the
+ repository configuration as the gitweb user.
+
+Also contains numerous documentation typofixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..de7ef16
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes-1.6.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,258 @@
+GIT v1.6.0 Release Notes
+========================
+
+User visible changes
+--------------------
+
+With the default Makefile settings, most of the programs are now
+installed outside your $PATH, except for "git", "gitk" and
+some server side programs that need to be accessible for technical
+reasons. Invoking a git subcommand as "git-xyzzy" from the command
+line has been deprecated since early 2006 (and officially announced in
+1.5.4 release notes); use of them from your scripts after adding
+output from "git --exec-path" to the $PATH is still supported in this
+release, but users are again strongly encouraged to adjust their
+scripts to use "git xyzzy" form, as we will stop installing
+"git-xyzzy" hardlinks for built-in commands in later releases.
+
+An earlier change to page "git status" output was overwhelmingly unpopular
+and has been reverted.
+
+Source changes needed for porting to MinGW environment are now all in the
+main git.git codebase.
+
+By default, packfiles created with this version uses delta-base-offset
+encoding introduced in v1.4.4. Pack idx files are using version 2 that
+allows larger packs and added robustness thanks to its CRC checking,
+introduced in v1.5.2 and v1.4.4.5. If you want to keep your repositories
+backwards compatible past these versions, set repack.useDeltaBaseOffset
+to false or pack.indexVersion to 1, respectively.
+
+We used to prevent sample hook scripts shipped in templates/ from
+triggering by default by relying on the fact that we install them as
+unexecutable, but on some filesystems, this approach does not work.
+They are now shipped with ".sample" suffix. If you want to activate
+any of these samples as-is, rename them to drop the ".sample" suffix,
+instead of running "chmod +x" on them. For example, you can rename
+hooks/post-update.sample to hooks/post-update to enable the sample
+hook that runs update-server-info, in order to make repositories
+friendly to dumb protocols (i.e. HTTP).
+
+GIT_CONFIG, which was only documented as affecting "git config", but
+actually affected all git commands, now only affects "git config".
+GIT_LOCAL_CONFIG, also only documented as affecting "git config" and
+not different from GIT_CONFIG in a useful way, is removed.
+
+The ".dotest" temporary area "git am" and "git rebase" use is now moved
+inside the $GIT_DIR, to avoid mistakes of adding it to the project by
+accident.
+
+An ancient merge strategy "stupid" has been removed.
+
+
+Updates since v1.5.6
+--------------------
+
+(subsystems)
+
+* git-p4 in contrib learned "allowSubmit" configuration to control on
+ which branch to allow "submit" subcommand.
+
+* git-gui learned to stage changes per-line.
+
+(portability)
+
+* Changes for MinGW port have been merged, thanks to Johannes Sixt and
+ gangs.
+
+* Sample hook scripts shipped in templates/ are now suffixed with
+ *.sample.
+
+* perl's in-place edit (-i) does not work well without backup files on Windows;
+ some tests are rewritten to cope with this.
+
+(documentation)
+
+* Updated howto/update-hook-example
+
+* Got rid of usage of "git-foo" from the tutorial and made typography
+ more consistent.
+
+* Disambiguating "--" between revs and paths is finally documented.
+
+(performance, robustness, sanity etc.)
+
+* index-pack used too much memory when dealing with a deep delta chain.
+ This has been optimized.
+
+* reduced excessive inlining to shrink size of the "git" binary.
+
+* verify-pack checks the object CRC when using version 2 idx files.
+
+* When an object is corrupt in a pack, the object became unusable even
+ when the same object is available in a loose form, We now try harder to
+ fall back to these redundant objects when able. In particular, "git
+ repack -a -f" can be used to fix such a corruption as long as necessary
+ objects are available.
+
+* Performance of "git-blame -C -C" operation is vastly improved.
+
+* git-clone does not create refs in loose form anymore (it behaves as
+ if you immediately ran git-pack-refs after cloning). This will help
+ repositories with insanely large number of refs.
+
+* core.fsyncobjectfiles configuration can be used to ensure that the loose
+ objects created will be fsync'ed (this is only useful on filesystems
+ that does not order data writes properly).
+
+* "git commit-tree" plumbing can make Octopus with more than 16 parents.
+ "git commit" has been capable of this for quite some time.
+
+(usability, bells and whistles)
+
+* even more documentation pages are now accessible via "man" and "git help".
+
+* A new environment variable GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES can be used to stop
+ the discovery process of the toplevel of working tree; this may be useful
+ when you are working in a slow network disk and are outside any working tree,
+ as bash-completion and "git help" may still need to run in these places.
+
+* By default, stash entries never expire. Set reflogexpire in [gc
+ "refs/stash"] to a reasonable value to get traditional auto-expiration
+ behaviour back
+
+* Longstanding latency issue with bash completion script has been
+ addressed. This will need to be backmerged to 'maint' later.
+
+* pager.<cmd> configuration variable can be used to enable/disable the
+ default paging behaviour per command.
+
+* "git-add -i" has a new action 'e/dit' to allow you edit the patch hunk
+ manually.
+
+* git-am records the original tip of the branch in ORIG_HEAD before it
+ starts applying patches.
+
+* git-apply can handle a patch that touches the same path more than once
+ much better than before.
+
+* git-apply can be told not to trust the line counts recorded in the input
+ patch but recount, with the new --recount option.
+
+* git-apply can be told to apply a patch to a path deeper than what the
+ patch records with --directory option.
+
+* git-archive can be told to omit certain paths from its output using
+ export-ignore attributes.
+
+* git-archive uses the zlib default compression level when creating
+ zip archive.
+
+* git-archive's command line options --exec and --remote can take their
+ parameters as separate command line arguments, similar to other commands.
+ IOW, both "--exec=path" and "--exec path" are now supported.
+
+* With -v option, git-branch describes the remote tracking statistics
+ similar to the way git-checkout reports by how many commits your branch
+ is ahead/behind.
+
+* git-branch's --contains option used to always require a commit parameter
+ to limit the branches with; it now defaults to list branches that
+ contains HEAD if this parameter is omitted.
+
+* git-branch's --merged and --no-merged option used to always limit the
+ branches relative to the HEAD, but they can now take an optional commit
+ argument that is used in place of HEAD.
+
+* git-bundle can read the revision arguments from the standard input.
+
+* git-cherry-pick can replay a root commit now.
+
+* git-clone can clone from a remote whose URL would be rewritten by
+ configuration stored in $HOME/.gitconfig now.
+
+* "git-clone --mirror" is a handy way to set up a bare mirror repository.
+
+* git-cvsserver learned to respond to "cvs co -c".
+
+* git-diff --check now checks leftover merge conflict markers.
+
+* "git-diff -p" learned to grab a better hunk header lines in
+ BibTex, Pascal/Delphi, and Ruby files and also pays attention to
+ chapter and part boundary in TeX documents.
+
+* When remote side used to have branch 'foo' and git-fetch finds that now
+ it has branch 'foo/bar', it refuses to lose the existing remote tracking
+ branch and its reflog. The error message has been improved to suggest
+ pruning the remote if the user wants to proceed and get the latest set
+ of branches from the remote, including such 'foo/bar'.
+
+* fast-export learned to export and import marks file; this can be used to
+ interface with fast-import incrementally.
+
+* fast-import and fast-export learned to export and import gitlinks.
+
+* "gitk" left background process behind after being asked to dig very deep
+ history and the user killed the UI; the process is killed when the UI goes
+ away now.
+
+* git-rebase records the original tip of branch in ORIG_HEAD before it is
+ rewound.
+
+* "git rerere" can be told to update the index with auto-reused resolution
+ with rerere.autoupdate configuration variable.
+
+* git-rev-parse learned $commit^! and $commit^@ notations used in "log"
+ family. These notations are available in gitk as well, because the gitk
+ command internally uses rev-parse to interpret its arguments.
+
+* git-rev-list learned --children option to show child commits it
+ encountered during the traversal, instead of showing parent commits.
+
+* git-send-mail can talk not just over SSL but over TLS now.
+
+* git-shortlog honors custom output format specified with "--pretty=format:".
+
+* "git-stash save" learned --keep-index option. This lets you stash away the
+ local changes and bring the changes staged in the index to your working
+ tree for examination and testing.
+
+* git-stash also learned branch subcommand to create a new branch out of
+ stashed changes.
+
+* git-status gives the remote tracking statistics similar to the way
+ git-checkout reports by how many commits your branch is ahead/behind.
+
+* "git-svn dcommit" is now aware of auto-props setting the subversion user
+ has.
+
+* You can tell "git status -u" to even more aggressively omit checking
+ untracked files with --untracked-files=no.
+
+* Original SHA-1 value for "update-ref -d" is optional now.
+
+* Error codes from gitweb are made more descriptive where possible, rather
+ than "403 forbidden" as we used to issue everywhere.
+
+(internal)
+
+* git-merge has been reimplemented in C.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.5.6
+------------------
+
+All of the fixes in v1.5.6 maintenance series are included in
+this release, unless otherwise noted.
+
+ * git-clone ignored its -u option; the fix needs to be backported to
+ 'maint';
+
+ * git-mv used to lose the distinction between changes that are staged
+ and that are only in the working tree, by staging both in the index
+ after moving such a path.
+
+ * "git-rebase -i -p" rewrote the parents to wrong ones when amending
+ (either edit or squash) was involved, and did not work correctly
+ when fast forwarding.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index 0e155c9..34fdc83 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -222,6 +222,9 @@ D-C-O. Indeed you are encouraged to do so. Do not forget to
place an in-body "From: " line at the beginning to properly attribute
the change to its true author (see (2) above).
+Also notice that a real name is used in the Signed-off-by: line. Please
+don't hide your real name.
+
Some people also put extra tags at the end.
"Acked-by:" says that the patch was reviewed by the person who
@@ -301,7 +304,7 @@ If it does not apply correctly, there can be various reasons.
patch appropriately.
* Your MUA corrupted your patch; "am" would complain that
- the patch does not apply. Look at .dotest/ subdirectory and
+ the patch does not apply. Look at .git/rebase-apply/ subdirectory and
see what 'patch' file contains and check for the common
corruption patterns mentioned above.
@@ -419,6 +422,11 @@ settings but I haven't tried, yet.
mail.identity.default.compose_html => false
mail.identity.id?.compose_html => false
+(Lukas Sandström)
+
+There is a script in contrib/thunderbird-patch-inline which can help
+you include patches with Thunderbird in an easy way. To use it, do the
+steps above and then use the script as the external editor.
Gnus
----
@@ -451,3 +459,30 @@ This should help you to submit patches inline using KMail.
5) Back in the compose window: add whatever other text you wish to the
message, complete the addressing and subject fields, and press send.
+
+
+Gmail
+-----
+
+Submitting properly formatted patches via Gmail is simple now that
+IMAP support is available. First, edit your ~/.gitconfig to specify your
+account settings:
+
+[imap]
+ folder = "[Gmail]/Drafts"
+ host = imaps://imap.gmail.com
+ user = user@gmail.com
+ pass = p4ssw0rd
+ port = 993
+ sslverify = false
+
+Next, ensure that your Gmail settings are correct. In "Settings" the
+"Use Unicode (UTF-8) encoding for outgoing messages" should be checked.
+
+Once your commits are ready to send to the mailing list, run the following
+command to send the patch emails to your Gmail Drafts folder.
+
+ $ git format-patch -M --stdout origin/master | git imap-send
+
+Go to your Gmail account, open the Drafts folder, find the patch email, fill
+in the To: and CC: fields and send away!
diff --git a/Documentation/asciidoc.conf b/Documentation/asciidoc.conf
index 10c1a15..2da867d 100644
--- a/Documentation/asciidoc.conf
+++ b/Documentation/asciidoc.conf
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
# the command.
[attributes]
+asterisk=&#42;
plus=&#43;
caret=&#94;
startsb=&#91;
@@ -39,6 +40,26 @@ endif::doctype-manpage[]
</literallayout>
{title#}</example>
endif::docbook-xsl-172[]
+
+ifdef::docbook-xsl-172[]
+ifdef::doctype-manpage[]
+# The following two small workarounds insert a simple paragraph after screen
+[listingblock]
+<example><title>{title}</title>
+<screen>
+|
+</screen><simpara></simpara>
+{title#}</example>
+
+[verseblock]
+<formalpara{id? id="{id}"}><title>{title}</title><para>
+{title%}<literallayout{id? id="{id}"}>
+{title#}<literallayout>
+|
+</literallayout><simpara></simpara>
+{title#}</para></formalpara>
+endif::doctype-manpage[]
+endif::docbook-xsl-172[]
endif::backend-docbook[]
ifdef::doctype-manpage[]
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index da2cb3f..113d9d1 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ The values following the equals sign in variable assign are all either
a string, an integer, or a boolean. Boolean values may be given as yes/no,
0/1 or true/false. Case is not significant in boolean values, when
converting value to the canonical form using '--bool' type specifier;
-`git-config` will ensure that the output is "true" or "false".
+'git-config' will ensure that the output is "true" or "false".
String values may be entirely or partially enclosed in double quotes.
You need to enclose variable value in double quotes if you want to
@@ -117,9 +117,16 @@ core.fileMode::
the working copy are ignored; useful on broken filesystems like FAT.
See linkgit:git-update-index[1]. True by default.
+core.trustctime::
+ If false, the ctime differences between the index and the
+ working copy are ignored; useful when the inode change time
+ is regularly modified by something outside Git (file system
+ crawlers and some backup systems).
+ See linkgit:git-update-index[1]. True by default.
+
core.quotepath::
- The commands that output paths (e.g. `ls-files`,
- `diff`), when not given the `-z` option, will quote
+ The commands that output paths (e.g. 'ls-files',
+ 'diff'), when not given the `-z` option, will quote
"unusual" characters in the pathname by enclosing the
pathname in a double-quote pair and with backslashes the
same way strings in C source code are quoted. If this
@@ -351,14 +358,29 @@ core.editor::
`EDITOR` environment variables and then finally `vi`.
core.pager::
- The command that git will use to paginate output. Can be overridden
- with the `GIT_PAGER` environment variable.
+ The command that git will use to paginate output. Can
+ be overridden with the `GIT_PAGER` environment
+ variable. Note that git sets the `LESS` environment
+ variable to `FRSX` if it is unset when it runs the
+ pager. One can change these settings by setting the
+ `LESS` variable to some other value. Alternately,
+ these settings can be overridden on a project or
+ global basis by setting the `core.pager` option.
+ Setting `core.pager` has no affect on the `LESS`
+ environment variable behaviour above, so if you want
+ to override git's default settings this way, you need
+ to be explicit. For example, to disable the S option
+ in a backward compatible manner, set `core.pager`
+ to "`less -+$LESS -FRX`". This will be passed to the
+ shell by git, which will translate the final command to
+ "`LESS=FRSX less -+FRSX -FRX`".
core.whitespace::
A comma separated list of common whitespace problems to
- notice. `git diff` will use `color.diff.whitespace` to
- highlight them, and `git apply --whitespace=error` will
- consider them as errors:
+ notice. 'git-diff' will use `color.diff.whitespace` to
+ highlight them, and 'git-apply --whitespace=error' will
+ consider them as errors. You can prefix `-` to disable
+ any of them (e.g. `-trailing-space`):
+
* `trailing-space` treats trailing whitespaces at the end of the line
as an error (enabled by default).
@@ -396,11 +418,11 @@ it will be treated as a shell command. For example, defining
"gitk --all --not ORIG_HEAD".
apply.whitespace::
- Tells `git-apply` how to handle whitespaces, in the same way
+ Tells 'git-apply' how to handle whitespaces, in the same way
as the '--whitespace' option. See linkgit:git-apply[1].
branch.autosetupmerge::
- Tells `git-branch` and `git-checkout` to setup new branches
+ Tells 'git-branch' and 'git-checkout' to setup new branches
so that linkgit:git-pull[1] will appropriately merge from the
starting point branch. Note that even if this option is not set,
this behavior can be chosen per-branch using the `--track`
@@ -411,7 +433,7 @@ branch.autosetupmerge::
branch. This option defaults to true.
branch.autosetuprebase::
- When a new branch is created with `git-branch` or `git-checkout`
+ When a new branch is created with 'git-branch' or 'git-checkout'
that tracks another branch, this variable tells git to set
up pull to rebase instead of merge (see "branch.<name>.rebase").
When `never`, rebase is never automatically set to true.
@@ -426,20 +448,20 @@ branch.autosetuprebase::
This option defaults to never.
branch.<name>.remote::
- When in branch <name>, it tells `git fetch` which remote to fetch.
- If this option is not given, `git fetch` defaults to remote "origin".
+ When in branch <name>, it tells 'git-fetch' which remote to fetch.
+ If this option is not given, 'git-fetch' defaults to remote "origin".
branch.<name>.merge::
- When in branch <name>, it tells `git fetch` the default
+ When in branch <name>, it tells 'git-fetch' the default
refspec to be marked for merging in FETCH_HEAD. The value is
handled like the remote part of a refspec, and must match a
ref which is fetched from the remote given by
"branch.<name>.remote".
- The merge information is used by `git pull` (which at first calls
- `git fetch`) to lookup the default branch for merging. Without
- this option, `git pull` defaults to merge the first refspec fetched.
+ The merge information is used by 'git-pull' (which at first calls
+ 'git-fetch') to lookup the default branch for merging. Without
+ this option, 'git-pull' defaults to merge the first refspec fetched.
Specify multiple values to get an octopus merge.
- If you wish to setup `git pull` so that it merges into <name> from
+ If you wish to setup 'git-pull' so that it merges into <name> from
another branch in the local repository, you can point
branch.<name>.merge to the desired branch, and use the special setting
`.` (a period) for branch.<name>.remote.
@@ -508,12 +530,12 @@ color.diff.<slot>::
color.interactive::
When set to `always`, always use colors for interactive prompts
- and displays (such as those used by "git add --interactive").
+ and displays (such as those used by "git-add --interactive").
When false (or `never`), never. When set to `true` or `auto`, use
colors only when the output is to the terminal. Defaults to false.
color.interactive.<slot>::
- Use customized color for `git add --interactive`
+ Use customized color for 'git-add --interactive'
output. `<slot>` may be `prompt`, `header`, or `help`, for
three distinct types of normal output from interactive
programs. The values of these variables may be specified as
@@ -539,9 +561,6 @@ color.status.<slot>::
to red). The values of these variables may be specified as in
color.branch.<slot>.
-commit.template::
- Specify a file to use as the template for new commit messages.
-
color.ui::
When set to `always`, always use colors in all git commands which
are capable of colored output. When false (or `never`), never. When
@@ -549,15 +568,18 @@ color.ui::
terminal. When more specific variables of color.* are set, they always
take precedence over this setting. Defaults to false.
+commit.template::
+ Specify a file to use as the template for new commit messages.
+
diff.autorefreshindex::
- When using `git diff` to compare with work tree
+ When using 'git-diff' to compare with work tree
files, do not consider stat-only change as changed.
Instead, silently run `git update-index --refresh` to
update the cached stat information for paths whose
contents in the work tree match the contents in the
index. This option defaults to true. Note that this
- affects only `git diff` Porcelain, and not lower level
- `diff` commands, such as `git diff-files`.
+ affects only 'git-diff' Porcelain, and not lower level
+ 'diff' commands, such as 'git-diff-files'.
diff.external::
If this config variable is set, diff generation is not
@@ -570,7 +592,7 @@ diff.external::
diff.renameLimit::
The number of files to consider when performing the copy/rename
- detection; equivalent to the git diff option '-l'.
+ detection; equivalent to the 'git-diff' option '-l'.
diff.renames::
Tells git to detect renames. If set to any boolean value, it
@@ -610,7 +632,7 @@ format.pretty::
gc.aggressiveWindow::
The window size parameter used in the delta compression
- algorithm used by 'git gc --aggressive'. This defaults
+ algorithm used by 'git-gc --aggressive'. This defaults
to 10.
gc.auto::
@@ -627,46 +649,39 @@ gc.autopacklimit::
default value is 50. Setting this to 0 disables it.
gc.packrefs::
- `git gc` does not run `git pack-refs` in a bare repository by
+ 'git-gc' does not run `git pack-refs` in a bare repository by
default so that older dumb-transport clients can still fetch
- from the repository. Setting this to `true` lets `git
- gc` to run `git pack-refs`. Setting this to `false` tells
- `git gc` never to run `git pack-refs`. The default setting is
+ from the repository. Setting this to `true` lets 'git-gc'
+ to run `git pack-refs`. Setting this to `false` tells
+ 'git-gc' never to run `git pack-refs`. The default setting is
`notbare`. Enable it only when you know you do not have to
support such clients. The default setting will change to `true`
at some stage, and setting this to `false` will continue to
- prevent `git pack-refs` from being run from `git gc`.
+ prevent `git pack-refs` from being run from 'git-gc'.
gc.pruneexpire::
- When `git gc` is run, it will call `prune --expire 2.weeks.ago`.
+ When 'git-gc' is run, it will call 'prune --expire 2.weeks.ago'.
Override the grace period with this config variable.
gc.reflogexpire::
- `git reflog expire` removes reflog entries older than
+ 'git-reflog expire' removes reflog entries older than
this time; defaults to 90 days.
gc.reflogexpireunreachable::
- `git reflog expire` removes reflog entries older than
+ 'git-reflog expire' removes reflog entries older than
this time and are not reachable from the current tip;
defaults to 30 days.
gc.rerereresolved::
Records of conflicted merge you resolved earlier are
- kept for this many days when `git rerere gc` is run.
+ kept for this many days when 'git-rerere gc' is run.
The default is 60 days. See linkgit:git-rerere[1].
gc.rerereunresolved::
Records of conflicted merge you have not resolved are
- kept for this many days when `git rerere gc` is run.
+ kept for this many days when 'git-rerere gc' is run.
The default is 15 days. See linkgit:git-rerere[1].
-rerere.enabled::
- Activate recording of resolved conflicts, so that identical
- conflict hunks can be resolved automatically, should they
- be encountered again. linkgit:git-rerere[1] command is by
- default enabled if you create `rr-cache` directory under
- `$GIT_DIR`, but can be disabled by setting this option to false.
-
gitcvs.enabled::
Whether the CVS server interface is enabled for this repository.
See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
@@ -675,14 +690,14 @@ gitcvs.logfile::
Path to a log file where the CVS server interface well... logs
various stuff. See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
-gitcvs.usecrlfattr
+gitcvs.usecrlfattr::
If true, the server will look up the `crlf` attribute for
files to determine the '-k' modes to use. If `crlf` is set,
the '-k' mode will be left blank, so cvs clients will
treat it as text. If `crlf` is explicitly unset, the file
- will be set with '-kb' mode, which supresses any newline munging
+ will be set with '-kb' mode, which suppresses any newline munging
the client might otherwise do. If `crlf` is not specified,
- then 'gitcvs.allbinary' is used. See linkgit:gitattribute[5].
+ then 'gitcvs.allbinary' is used. See linkgit:gitattributes[5].
gitcvs.allbinary::
This is used if 'gitcvs.usecrlfattr' does not resolve
@@ -823,7 +838,11 @@ i18n.commitEncoding::
i18n.logOutputEncoding::
Character encoding the commit messages are converted to when
- running `git-log` and friends.
+ running 'git-log' and friends.
+
+imap::
+ The configuration variables in the 'imap' section are described
+ in linkgit:git-imap-send[1].
instaweb.browser::
Specify the program that will be used to browse your working
@@ -846,7 +865,7 @@ instaweb.port::
log.date::
Set default date-time mode for the log command. Setting log.date
- value is similar to using git log's --date option. The value is one of
+ value is similar to using 'git-log'\'s --date option. The value is one of the
following alternatives: {relative,local,default,iso,rfc,short}.
See linkgit:git-log[1].
@@ -860,8 +879,6 @@ man.viewer::
Specify the programs that may be used to display help in the
'man' format. See linkgit:git-help[1].
-include::merge-config.txt[]
-
man.<tool>.cmd::
Specify the command to invoke the specified man viewer. The
specified command is evaluated in shell with the man page
@@ -871,6 +888,8 @@ man.<tool>.path::
Override the path for the given tool that may be used to
display help in the 'man' format. See linkgit:git-help[1].
+include::merge-config.txt[]
+
mergetool.<tool>.path::
Override the path for the given tool. This is useful in case
your tool is not in the PATH.
@@ -947,9 +966,17 @@ pack.indexVersion::
legacy pack index used by Git versions prior to 1.5.2, and 2 for
the new pack index with capabilities for packs larger than 4 GB
as well as proper protection against the repacking of corrupted
- packs. Version 2 is selected and this config option ignored
- whenever the corresponding pack is larger than 2 GB. Otherwise
- the default is 1.
+ packs. Version 2 is the default. Note that version 2 is enforced
+ and this config option ignored whenever the corresponding pack is
+ larger than 2 GB.
++
+If you have an old git that does not understand the version 2 `{asterisk}.idx` file,
+cloning or fetching over a non native protocol (e.g. "http" and "rsync")
+that will copy both `{asterisk}.pack` file and corresponding `{asterisk}.idx` file from the
+other side may give you a repository that cannot be accessed with your
+older version of git. If the `{asterisk}.pack` file is smaller than 2 GB, however,
+you can use linkgit:git-index-pack[1] on the *.pack file to regenerate
+the `{asterisk}.idx` file.
pack.packSizeLimit::
The default maximum size of a pack. This setting only affects
@@ -957,6 +984,13 @@ pack.packSizeLimit::
can be overridden by the `\--max-pack-size` option of
linkgit:git-repack[1].
+pager.<cmd>::
+ Allows turning on or off pagination of the output of a
+ particular git subcommand when writing to a tty. If
+ `\--paginate` or `\--no-pager` is specified on the command line,
+ it takes precedence over this option. To disable pagination for
+ all commands, set `core.pager` or 'GIT_PAGER' to "`cat`".
+
pull.octopus::
The default merge strategy to use when pulling multiple branches
at once.
@@ -964,6 +998,28 @@ pull.octopus::
pull.twohead::
The default merge strategy to use when pulling a single branch.
+receive.fsckObjects::
+ If it is set to true, git-receive-pack will check all received
+ objects. It will abort in the case of a malformed object or a
+ broken link. The result of an abort are only dangling objects.
+ Defaults to false.
+
+receive.unpackLimit::
+ If the number of objects received in a push is below this
+ limit then the objects will be unpacked into loose object
+ files. However if the number of received objects equals or
+ exceeds this limit then the received pack will be stored as
+ a pack, after adding any missing delta bases. Storing the
+ pack from a push can make the push operation complete faster,
+ especially on slow filesystems. If not set, the value of
+ `transfer.unpackLimit` is used instead.
+
+receive.denyNonFastForwards::
+ If set to true, git-receive-pack will deny a ref update which is
+ not a fast forward. Use this to prevent such an update via a push,
+ even if that push is forced. This configuration variable is
+ set when initializing a shared repository.
+
remote.<name>.url::
The URL of a remote repository. See linkgit:git-fetch[1] or
linkgit:git-push[1].
@@ -1006,12 +1062,24 @@ remotes.<group>::
<group>". See linkgit:git-remote[1].
repack.usedeltabaseoffset::
- Allow linkgit:git-repack[1] to create packs that uses
- delta-base offset. Defaults to false.
+ By default, linkgit:git-repack[1] creates packs that use
+ delta-base offset. If you need to share your repository with
+ git older than version 1.4.4, either directly or via a dumb
+ protocol such as http, then you need to set this option to
+ "false" and repack. Access from old git versions over the
+ native protocol are unaffected by this option.
+
+rerere.autoupdate::
+ When set to true, `git-rerere` updates the index with the
+ resulting contents after it cleanly resolves conflicts using
+ previously recorded resolution. Defaults to false.
-show.difftree::
- The default linkgit:git-diff-tree[1] arguments to be used
- for linkgit:git-show[1].
+rerere.enabled::
+ Activate recording of resolved conflicts, so that identical
+ conflict hunks can be resolved automatically, should they
+ be encountered again. linkgit:git-rerere[1] command is by
+ default enabled if you create `rr-cache` directory under
+ `$GIT_DIR`, but can be disabled by setting this option to false.
showbranch.default::
The default set of branches for linkgit:git-show-branch[1].
@@ -1023,6 +1091,25 @@ status.relativePaths::
relative to the repository root (this was the default for git
prior to v1.5.4).
+status.showUntrackedFiles::
+ By default, linkgit:git-status[1] and linkgit:git-commit[1] show
+ files which are not currently tracked by Git. Directories which
+ contain only untracked files, are shown with the directory name
+ only. Showing untracked files means that Git needs to lstat() all
+ all the files in the whole repository, which might be slow on some
+ systems. So, this variable controls how the commands displays
+ the untracked files. Possible values are:
++
+--
+ - 'no' - Show no untracked files
+ - 'normal' - Shows untracked files and directories
+ - 'all' - Shows also individual files in untracked directories.
+--
++
+If this variable is not specified, it defaults to 'normal'.
+This variable can be overridden with the -u|--untracked-files option
+of linkgit:git-status[1] and linkgit:git-commit[1].
+
tar.umask::
This variable can be used to restrict the permission bits of
tar archive entries. The default is 0002, which turns off the
@@ -1030,6 +1117,11 @@ tar.umask::
archiving user's umask will be used instead. See umask(2) and
linkgit:git-archive[1].
+transfer.unpackLimit::
+ When `fetch.unpackLimit` or `receive.unpackLimit` are
+ not set, the value of this variable is used instead.
+ The default value is 100.
+
url.<base>.insteadOf::
Any URL that starts with this value will be rewritten to
start, instead, with <base>. In cases where some site serves a
@@ -1058,41 +1150,6 @@ user.signingkey::
unchanged to gpg's --local-user parameter, so you may specify a key
using any method that gpg supports.
-whatchanged.difftree::
- The default linkgit:git-diff-tree[1] arguments to be used
- for linkgit:git-whatchanged[1].
-
-imap::
- The configuration variables in the 'imap' section are described
- in linkgit:git-imap-send[1].
-
-receive.fsckObjects::
- If it is set to true, git-receive-pack will check all received
- objects. It will abort in the case of a malformed object or a
- broken link. The result of an abort are only dangling objects.
- Defaults to false.
-
-receive.unpackLimit::
- If the number of objects received in a push is below this
- limit then the objects will be unpacked into loose object
- files. However if the number of received objects equals or
- exceeds this limit then the received pack will be stored as
- a pack, after adding any missing delta bases. Storing the
- pack from a push can make the push operation complete faster,
- especially on slow filesystems. If not set, the value of
- `transfer.unpackLimit` is used instead.
-
-receive.denyNonFastForwards::
- If set to true, git-receive-pack will deny a ref update which is
- not a fast forward. Use this to prevent such an update via a push,
- even if that push is forced. This configuration variable is
- set when initializing a shared repository.
-
-transfer.unpackLimit::
- When `fetch.unpackLimit` or `receive.unpackLimit` are
- not set, the value of this variable is used instead.
- The default value is 100.
-
web.browser::
Specify a web browser that may be used by some commands.
Currently only linkgit:git-instaweb[1] and linkgit:git-help[1]
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-format.txt b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
index 400cbb3..1eeb1c7 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
@@ -46,6 +46,22 @@ That is, from the left to the right:
. path for "dst"; only exists for C or R.
. an LF or a NUL when '-z' option is used, to terminate the record.
+Possible status letters are:
+
+- A: addition of a file
+- C: copy of a file into a new one
+- D: deletion of a file
+- M: modification of the contents or mode of a file
+- R: renaming of a file
+- T: change in the type of the file
+- U: file is unmerged (you must complete the merge before it can
+be committed)
+- X: "unknown" change type (most probably a bug, please report it)
+
+Status letters C and R are always followed by a score (denoting the
+percentage of similarity between the source and target of the move or
+copy), and are the only ones to be so.
+
<sha1> is shown as all 0's if a file is new on the filesystem
and it is out of sync with the index.
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
index 517e1eb..0f25ba7 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
@@ -143,15 +143,15 @@ different from it.
A `-` character in the column N means that the line appears in
fileN but it does not appear in the result. A `+` character
-in the column N means that the line appears in the last file,
+in the column N means that the line appears in the result,
and fileN does not have that line (in other words, the line was
added, from the point of view of that parent).
In the above example output, the function signature was changed
from both files (hence two `-` removals from both file1 and
file2, plus `++` to mean one line that was added does not appear
-in either file1 nor file2). Also two other lines are the same
-from file1 but do not appear in file2 (hence prefixed with ` +`).
+in either file1 nor file2). Also eight other lines are the same
+from file1 but do not appear in file2 (hence prefixed with `{plus}`).
When shown by `git diff-tree -c`, it compares the parents of a
merge commit with the merge result (i.e. file1..fileN are the
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
index 5721548..45885bb 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
@@ -59,12 +59,11 @@ endif::git-format-patch[]
lines.
--dirstat[=limit]::
- Output only the sub-directories that are impacted by a diff,
- and to what degree they are impacted. You can override the
- default cut-off in percent (3) by "--dirstat=limit". If you
- want to enable "cumulative" directory statistics, you can use
- the "--cumulative" flag, which adds up percentages recursively
- even when they have been already reported for a sub-directory.
+ Output the distribution of relative amount of changes (number of lines added or
+ removed) for each sub-directory. Directories with changes below
+ a cut-off percent (3% by default) are not shown. The cut-off percent
+ can be set with "--dirstat=limit". Changes in a child directory is not
+ counted for the parent directory, unless "--cumulative" is used.
--summary::
Output a condensed summary of extended header information
@@ -135,7 +134,8 @@ endif::git-format-patch[]
--diff-filter=[ACDMRTUXB*]::
Select only files that are Added (`A`), Copied (`C`),
Deleted (`D`), Modified (`M`), Renamed (`R`), have their
- type (mode) changed (`T`), are Unmerged (`U`), are
+ type (i.e. regular file, symlink, submodule, ...) changed (`T`),
+ are Unmerged (`U`), are
Unknown (`X`), or have had their pairing Broken (`B`).
Any combination of the filter characters may be used.
When `*` (All-or-none) is added to the combination, all
@@ -241,4 +241,4 @@ endif::git-format-patch[]
Do not show any source or destination prefix.
For more detailed explanation on these common options, see also
-linkgit:gitdiffcore[7][diffcore documentation].
+linkgit:gitdiffcore[7].
diff --git a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
index 85c8718..d313795 100644
--- a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@
-f::
--force::
- When `git-fetch` is used with `<rbranch>:<lbranch>`
+ When 'git-fetch' is used with `<rbranch>:<lbranch>`
refspec, it refuses to update the local branch
`<lbranch>` unless the remote branch `<rbranch>` it
fetches is a descendant of `<lbranch>`. This option
@@ -53,10 +53,10 @@ endif::git-pull[]
-u::
--update-head-ok::
- By default `git-fetch` refuses to update the head which
+ By default 'git-fetch' refuses to update the head which
corresponds to the current branch. This flag disables the
- check. This is purely for the internal use for `git-pull`
- to communicate with `git-fetch`, and unless you are
+ check. This is purely for the internal use for 'git-pull'
+ to communicate with 'git-fetch', and unless you are
implementing your own Porcelain you are not supposed to
use it.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-add.txt b/Documentation/git-add.txt
index 815864c..2b6d6c8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-add.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-add.txt
@@ -8,8 +8,8 @@ git-add - Add file contents to the index
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-add' [-n] [-v] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
- [--update | -u] [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--]
+'git add' [-n] [-v] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
+ [--all | [--update | -u]] [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--]
<filepattern>...
DESCRIPTION
@@ -86,6 +86,12 @@ OPTIONS
command line. If no paths are specified, all tracked files in the
current directory and its subdirectories are updated.
+-A::
+--all::
+ Update files that git already knows about (same as '\--update')
+ and add all untracked files that are not ignored by '.gitignore'
+ mechanism.
+
--refresh::
Don't add the file(s), but only refresh their stat()
information in the index.
@@ -107,7 +113,7 @@ Configuration
The optional configuration variable 'core.excludesfile' indicates a path to a
file containing patterns of file names to exclude from git-add, similar to
$GIT_DIR/info/exclude. Patterns in the exclude file are used in addition to
-those in info/exclude. See linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5][repository layout].
+those in info/exclude. See linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5].
EXAMPLES
@@ -237,6 +243,7 @@ patch::
k - leave this hunk undecided, see previous undecided hunk
K - leave this hunk undecided, see previous hunk
s - split the current hunk into smaller hunks
+ e - manually edit the current hunk
? - print help
+
After deciding the fate for all hunks, if there is any hunk
diff --git a/Documentation/git-am.txt b/Documentation/git-am.txt
index 5622971..b9c6fac 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-am.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-am.txt
@@ -9,11 +9,11 @@ git-am - Apply a series of patches from a mailbox
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-am' [--signoff] [--keep] [--utf8 | --no-utf8]
- [--3way] [--interactive] [--binary]
+'git am' [--signoff] [--keep] [--utf8 | --no-utf8]
+ [--3way] [--interactive]
[--whitespace=<option>] [-C<n>] [-p<n>]
- <mbox>|<Maildir>...
-'git-am' [--skip | --resolved]
+ [<mbox> | <Maildir>...]
+'git am' (--skip | --resolved | --abort)
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -35,11 +35,11 @@ OPTIONS
-k::
--keep::
- Pass `-k` flag to `git-mailinfo` (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
+ Pass `-k` flag to 'git-mailinfo' (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
-u::
--utf8::
- Pass `-u` flag to `git-mailinfo` (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
+ Pass `-u` flag to 'git-mailinfo' (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
The proposed commit log message taken from the e-mail
is re-coded into UTF-8 encoding (configuration variable
`i18n.commitencoding` can be used to specify project's
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ This was optional in prior versions of git, but now it is the
default. You could use `--no-utf8` to override this.
--no-utf8::
- Pass `-n` flag to `git-mailinfo` (see
+ Pass `-n` flag to 'git-mailinfo' (see
linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
-3::
@@ -59,19 +59,14 @@ default. You could use `--no-utf8` to override this.
it is supposed to apply to, and we have those blobs
available locally.
--b::
---binary::
- Pass `--allow-binary-replacement` flag to `git-apply`
- (see linkgit:git-apply[1]).
-
--whitespace=<option>::
- This flag is passed to the `git-apply` (see linkgit:git-apply[1])
+ This flag is passed to the 'git-apply' (see linkgit:git-apply[1])
program that applies
the patch.
-C<n>::
-p<n>::
- These flags are passed to the `git-apply` (see linkgit:git-apply[1])
+ These flags are passed to the 'git-apply' (see linkgit:git-apply[1])
program that applies
the patch.
@@ -97,7 +92,10 @@ default. You could use `--no-utf8` to override this.
to the screen before exiting. This overrides the
standard message informing you to use `--resolved`
or `--skip` to handle the failure. This is solely
- for internal use between `git-rebase` and `git-am`.
+ for internal use between 'git-rebase' and 'git-am'.
+
+--abort::
+ Restore the original branch and abort the patching operation.
DISCUSSION
----------
@@ -140,11 +138,17 @@ aborts in the middle,. You can recover from this in one of two ways:
the index file to bring it in a state that the patch should
have produced. Then run the command with '--resolved' option.
-The command refuses to process new mailboxes while `.dotest`
+The command refuses to process new mailboxes while `.git/rebase-apply`
directory exists, so if you decide to start over from scratch,
-run `rm -f -r .dotest` before running the command with mailbox
+run `rm -f -r .git/rebase-apply` before running the command with mailbox
names.
+Before any patches are applied, ORIG_HEAD is set to the tip of the
+current branch. This is useful if you have problems with multiple
+commits, like running 'git am' on the wrong branch or an error in the
+commits that is more easily fixed by changing the mailbox (e.g.
+errors in the "From:" lines).
+
SEE ALSO
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-annotate.txt b/Documentation/git-annotate.txt
index da15379..0aba022 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-annotate.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-annotate.txt
@@ -7,13 +7,18 @@ git-annotate - Annotate file lines with commit info
SYNOPSIS
--------
-git-annotate [options] file [revision]
+'git annotate' [options] file [revision]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Annotates each line in the given file with information from the commit
which introduced the line. Optionally annotate from a given revision.
+The only difference between this command and linkgit:git-blame[1] is that
+they use slightly different output formats, and this command exists only
+for backward compatibility to support existing scripts, and provide more
+familiar command name for people coming from other SCM systems.
+
OPTIONS
-------
include::blame-options.txt[]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-apply.txt b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
index c834763..feb51f1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-apply.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-apply.txt
@@ -9,16 +9,16 @@ git-apply - Apply a patch on a git index file and a working tree
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-apply' [--stat] [--numstat] [--summary] [--check] [--index]
+'git apply' [--stat] [--numstat] [--summary] [--check] [--index]
[--apply] [--no-add] [--build-fake-ancestor <file>] [-R | --reverse]
[--allow-binary-replacement | --binary] [--reject] [-z]
- [-pNUM] [-CNUM] [--inaccurate-eof] [--cached]
+ [-pNUM] [-CNUM] [--inaccurate-eof] [--recount] [--cached]
[--whitespace=<nowarn|warn|fix|error|error-all>]
- [--exclude=PATH] [--verbose] [<patch>...]
+ [--exclude=PATH] [--directory=<root>] [--verbose] [<patch>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Reads supplied diff output and applies it on a git index file
+Reads supplied 'diff' output and applies it on a git index file
and a work tree.
OPTIONS
@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@ OPTIONS
without using the working tree. This implies '--index'.
--build-fake-ancestor <file>::
- Newer git-diff output has embedded 'index information'
+ Newer 'git-diff' output has embedded 'index information'
for each blob to help identify the original version that
the patch applies to. When this flag is given, and if
the original versions of the blobs is available locally,
@@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ the information is read from the current index instead.
Apply the patch in reverse.
--reject::
- For atomicity, linkgit:git-apply[1] by default fails the whole patch and
+ For atomicity, 'git-apply' by default fails the whole patch and
does not touch the working tree when some of the hunks
do not apply. This option makes it apply
the parts of the patch that are applicable, and leave the
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ the information is read from the current index instead.
ever ignored.
--unidiff-zero::
- By default, linkgit:git-apply[1] expects that the patch being
+ By default, 'git-apply' expects that the patch being
applied is a unified diff with at least one line of context.
This provides good safety measures, but breaks down when
applying a diff generated with --unified=0. To bypass these
@@ -113,7 +113,7 @@ discouraged.
--apply::
If you use any of the options marked "Turns off
- 'apply'" above, linkgit:git-apply[1] reads and outputs the
+ 'apply'" above, 'git-apply' reads and outputs the
information you asked without actually applying the
patch. Give this flag after those flags to also apply
the patch.
@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ discouraged.
--no-add::
When applying a patch, ignore additions made by the
patch. This can be used to extract the common part between
- two files by first running `diff` on them and applying
+ two files by first running 'diff' on them and applying
the result with this option, which would apply the
deletion part but not addition part.
@@ -147,7 +147,7 @@ discouraged.
considered whitespace errors.
+
By default, the command outputs warning messages but applies the patch.
-When linkgit:git-apply[1] is used for statistics and not applying a
+When `git-apply is used for statistics and not applying a
patch, it defaults to `nowarn`.
+
You can use different `<action>` to control this
@@ -165,9 +165,9 @@ behavior:
* `error-all` is similar to `error` but shows all errors.
--inaccurate-eof::
- Under certain circumstances, some versions of diff do not correctly
+ Under certain circumstances, some versions of 'diff' do not correctly
detect a missing new-line at the end of the file. As a result, patches
- created by such diff programs do not record incomplete lines
+ created by such 'diff' programs do not record incomplete lines
correctly. This option adds support for applying such patches by
working around this bug.
@@ -177,6 +177,19 @@ behavior:
current patch being applied will be printed. This option will cause
additional information to be reported.
+--recount::
+ Do not trust the line counts in the hunk headers, but infer them
+ by inspecting the patch (e.g. after editing the patch without
+ adjusting the hunk headers appropriately).
+
+--directory=<root>::
+ Prepend <root> to all filenames. If a "-p" argument was passed, too,
+ it is applied before prepending the new root.
++
+For example, a patch that talks about updating `a/git-gui.sh` to `b/git-gui.sh`
+can be applied to the file in the working tree `modules/git-gui/git-gui.sh` by
+running `git apply --directory=modules/git-gui`.
+
Configuration
-------------
@@ -186,7 +199,7 @@ apply.whitespace::
Submodules
----------
-If the patch contains any changes to submodules then linkgit:git-apply[1]
+If the patch contains any changes to submodules then 'git-apply'
treats these changes as follows.
If --index is specified (explicitly or implicitly), then the submodule
diff --git a/Documentation/git-archimport.txt b/Documentation/git-archimport.txt
index 603117c..c7a6e3e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-archimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-archimport.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-archimport - Import an Arch repository into git
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-archimport' [-h] [-v] [-o] [-a] [-f] [-T] [-D depth] [-t tempdir]
+'git archimport' [-h] [-v] [-o] [-a] [-f] [-T] [-D depth] [-t tempdir]
<archive/branch>[:<git-branch>] ...
DESCRIPTION
@@ -29,17 +29,17 @@ branches that have different roots, it will refuse to run. In that case,
edit your <archive/branch> parameters to define clearly the scope of the
import.
-`git-archimport` uses `tla` extensively in the background to access the
+'git-archimport' uses `tla` extensively in the background to access the
Arch repository.
Make sure you have a recent version of `tla` available in the path. `tla` must
-know about the repositories you pass to `git-archimport`.
+know about the repositories you pass to 'git-archimport'.
-For the initial import `git-archimport` expects to find itself in an empty
+For the initial import, 'git-archimport' expects to find itself in an empty
directory. To follow the development of a project that uses Arch, rerun
-`git-archimport` with the same parameters as the initial import to perform
+'git-archimport' with the same parameters as the initial import to perform
incremental imports.
-While git-archimport will try to create sensible branch names for the
+While 'git-archimport' will try to create sensible branch names for the
archives that it imports, it is also possible to specify git branch names
manually. To do so, write a git branch name after each <archive/branch>
parameter, separated by a colon. This way, you can shorten the Arch
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ OPTIONS
-o::
Use this for compatibility with old-style branch names used by
- earlier versions of git-archimport. Old-style branch names
+ earlier versions of 'git-archimport'. Old-style branch names
were category--branch, whereas new-style branch names are
archive,category--branch--version. In both cases, names given
on the command-line will override the automatically-generated
diff --git a/Documentation/git-archive.txt b/Documentation/git-archive.txt
index 9b5f3ae..41cbf9c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-archive.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-archive.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-archive - Create an archive of files from a named tree
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-archive' --format=<fmt> [--list] [--prefix=<prefix>/] [<extra>]
+'git archive' --format=<fmt> [--list] [--prefix=<prefix>/] [<extra>]
[--remote=<repo> [--exec=<git-upload-archive>]] <tree-ish>
[path...]
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@ OPTIONS
--exec=<git-upload-archive>::
Used with --remote to specify the path to the
- git-upload-archive executable on the remote side.
+ 'git-upload-archive' on the remote side.
<tree-ish>::
The tree or commit to produce an archive for.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
index 3ca0d33..39034ec 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect.txt
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@ on the subcommand:
git bisect log
git bisect run <cmd>...
-This command uses 'git-rev-list --bisect' option to help drive the
+This command uses 'git rev-list --bisect' to help drive the
binary search process to find which change introduced a bug, given an
old "good" commit object name and a later "bad" commit object name.
@@ -98,10 +98,10 @@ During the bisection process, you can say
$ git bisect visualize
------------
-to see the currently remaining suspects in `gitk`. `visualize` is a bit
+to see the currently remaining suspects in 'gitk'. `visualize` is a bit
too long to type and `view` is provided as a synonym.
-If `DISPLAY` environment variable is not set, `git log` is used
+If 'DISPLAY' environment variable is not set, 'git log' is used
instead. You can even give command line options such as `-p` and
`--stat`.
@@ -215,13 +215,13 @@ tweaks (e.g., s/#define DEBUG 0/#define DEBUG 1/ in a header file, or
work around other problem this bisection is not interested in")
applied to the revision being tested.
-To cope with such a situation, after the inner git-bisect finds the
+To cope with such a situation, after the inner 'git bisect' finds the
next revision to test, with the "run" script, you can apply that tweak
before compiling, run the real test, and after the test decides if the
revision (possibly with the needed tweaks) passed the test, rewind the
tree to the pristine state. Finally the "run" script can exit with
-the status of the real test to let "git bisect run" command loop to
-know the outcome.
+the status of the real test to let the "git bisect run" command loop to
+determine the outcome.
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-blame.txt b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
index 0e0196e..fba374d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-blame.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-blame - Show what revision and author last modified each line of a file
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-blame' [-c] [-b] [-l] [--root] [-t] [-f] [-n] [-s] [-p] [-w] [--incremental] [-L n,m]
+'git blame' [-c] [-b] [-l] [--root] [-t] [-f] [-n] [-s] [-p] [-w] [--incremental] [-L n,m]
[-S <revs-file>] [-M] [-C] [-C] [--since=<date>]
[<rev> | --contents <file>] [--] <file>
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@ last modified the line. Optionally, start annotating from the given revision.
Also it can limit the range of lines annotated.
This report doesn't tell you anything about lines which have been deleted or
-replaced; you need to use a tool such as linkgit:git-diff[1] or the "pickaxe"
+replaced; you need to use a tool such as 'git-diff' or the "pickaxe"
interface briefly mentioned in the following paragraph.
Apart from supporting file annotation, git also supports searching the
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ include::blame-options.txt[]
file (see `-M`). The first number listed is the score.
This is the number of alphanumeric characters detected
to be moved between or within files. This must be above
- a certain threshold for git-blame to consider those lines
+ a certain threshold for 'git-blame' to consider those lines
of code to have been moved.
-f::
@@ -100,7 +100,7 @@ header elements later.
SPECIFYING RANGES
-----------------
-Unlike `git-blame` and `git-annotate` in older git, the extent
+Unlike 'git-blame' and 'git-annotate' in older git, the extent
of annotation can be limited to both line ranges and revision
ranges. When you are interested in finding the origin for
ll. 40-60 for file `foo`, you can use `-L` option like these
@@ -118,7 +118,7 @@ would limit the annotation to the body of `hello` subroutine.
When you are not interested in changes older than the version
v2.6.18, or changes older than 3 weeks, you can use revision
-range specifiers similar to `git-rev-list`:
+range specifiers similar to 'git-rev-list':
git blame v2.6.18.. -- foo
git blame --since=3.weeks -- foo
diff --git a/Documentation/git-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
index 39cd5d9..6103d62 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-branch.txt
@@ -8,24 +8,27 @@ git-branch - List, create, or delete branches
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-branch' [--color | --no-color] [-r | -a] [--merged | --no-merged]
- [-v [--abbrev=<length> | --no-abbrev]]
- [--contains <commit>]
-'git-branch' [--track | --no-track] [-l] [-f] <branchname> [<start-point>]
-'git-branch' (-m | -M) [<oldbranch>] <newbranch>
-'git-branch' (-d | -D) [-r] <branchname>...
+'git branch' [--color | --no-color] [-r | -a]
+ [-v [--abbrev=<length> | --no-abbrev]]
+ [(--merged | --no-merged | --contains) [<commit>]]
+'git branch' [--track | --no-track] [-l] [-f] <branchname> [<start-point>]
+'git branch' (-m | -M) [<oldbranch>] <newbranch>
+'git branch' (-d | -D) [-r] <branchname>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-With no arguments given a list of existing branches
-will be shown, the current branch will be highlighted with an asterisk.
-Option `-r` causes the remote-tracking branches to be listed,
-and option `-a` shows both.
-With `--contains <commit>`, shows only the branches that
-contains the named commit (in other words, the branches whose
-tip commits are descendant of the named commit).
-With `--merged`, only branches merged into HEAD will be listed, and
-with `--no-merged` only branches not merged into HEAD will be listed.
+
+With no arguments, existing branches are listed, the current branch will
+be highlighted with an asterisk. Option `-r` causes the remote-tracking
+branches to be listed, and option `-a` shows both.
+
+With `--contains`, shows only the branches that contains the named commit
+(in other words, the branches whose tip commits are descendant of the
+named commit). With `--merged`, only branches merged into the named
+commit (i.e. the branches whose tip commits are reachable from the named
+commit) will be listed. With `--no-merged` only branches not merged into
+the named commit will be listed. Missing <commit> argument defaults to
+'HEAD' (i.e. the tip of the current branch).
In its second form, a new branch named <branchname> will be created.
It will start out with a head equal to the one given as <start-point>.
@@ -37,7 +40,7 @@ working tree to it; use "git checkout <newbranch>" to switch to the
new branch.
When a local branch is started off a remote branch, git sets up the
-branch so that linkgit:git-pull[1] will appropriately merge from
+branch so that 'git-pull' will appropriately merge from
the remote branch. This behavior may be changed via the global
`branch.autosetupmerge` configuration flag. That setting can be
overridden by using the `--track` and `--no-track` options.
@@ -54,7 +57,7 @@ has a reflog then the reflog will also be deleted.
Use -r together with -d to delete remote-tracking branches. Note, that it
only makes sense to delete remote-tracking branches if they no longer exist
-in remote repository or if linkgit:git-fetch[1] was configured not to fetch
+in remote repository or if 'git-fetch' was configured not to fetch
them again. See also 'prune' subcommand of linkgit:git-remote[1] for way to
clean up all obsolete remote-tracking branches.
@@ -107,14 +110,14 @@ OPTIONS
Display the full sha1s in output listing rather than abbreviating them.
--track::
- When creating a new branch, set up configuration so that git-pull
+ When creating a new branch, set up configuration so that 'git-pull'
will automatically retrieve data from the start point, which must be
a branch. Use this if you always pull from the same upstream branch
into the new branch, and if you don't want to use "git pull
<repository> <refspec>" explicitly. This behavior is the default
when the start point is a remote branch. Set the
branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable to `false` if you want
- git-checkout and git-branch to always behave as if '--no-track' were
+ 'git-checkout' and 'git-branch' to always behave as if '--no-track' were
given. Set it to `always` if you want this behavior when the
start-point is either a local or remote branch.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bundle.txt b/Documentation/git-bundle.txt
index f6a0612..1b66ab7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bundle.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bundle.txt
@@ -9,10 +9,10 @@ git-bundle - Move objects and refs by archive
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-bundle' create <file> <git-rev-list args>
-'git-bundle' verify <file>
-'git-bundle' list-heads <file> [refname...]
-'git-bundle' unbundle <file> [refname...]
+'git bundle' create <file> <git-rev-list args>
+'git bundle' verify <file>
+'git bundle' list-heads <file> [refname...]
+'git bundle' unbundle <file> [refname...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -21,9 +21,9 @@ Some workflows require that one or more branches of development on one
machine be replicated on another machine, but the two machines cannot
be directly connected so the interactive git protocols (git, ssh,
rsync, http) cannot be used. This command provides support for
-git-fetch and git-pull to operate by packaging objects and references
+'git-fetch' and 'git-pull' to operate by packaging objects and references
in an archive at the originating machine, then importing those into
-another repository using linkgit:git-fetch[1] and linkgit:git-pull[1]
+another repository using 'git-fetch' and 'git-pull'
after moving the archive by some means (i.e., by sneakernet). As no
direct connection between repositories exists, the user must specify a
basis for the bundle that is held by the destination repository: the
@@ -35,14 +35,14 @@ OPTIONS
create <file>::
Used to create a bundle named 'file'. This requires the
- git-rev-list arguments to define the bundle contents.
+ 'git-rev-list' arguments to define the bundle contents.
verify <file>::
Used to check that a bundle file is valid and will apply
cleanly to the current repository. This includes checks on the
bundle format itself as well as checking that the prerequisite
commits exist and are fully linked in the current repository.
- git-bundle prints a list of missing commits, if any, and exits
+ 'git-bundle' prints a list of missing commits, if any, and exits
with non-zero status.
list-heads <file>::
@@ -51,16 +51,15 @@ list-heads <file>::
printed out.
unbundle <file>::
- Passes the objects in the bundle to linkgit:git-index-pack[1]
+ Passes the objects in the bundle to 'git-index-pack'
for storage in the repository, then prints the names of all
defined references. If a reflist is given, only references
matching those in the given list are printed. This command is
- really plumbing, intended to be called only by
- linkgit:git-fetch[1].
+ really plumbing, intended to be called only by 'git-fetch'.
[git-rev-list-args...]::
- A list of arguments, acceptable to git-rev-parse and
- git-rev-list, that specify the specific objects and references
+ A list of arguments, acceptable to 'git-rev-parse' and
+ 'git-rev-list', that specify the specific objects and references
to transport. For example, "master~10..master" causes the
current master reference to be packaged along with all objects
added since its 10th ancestor commit. There is no explicit
@@ -70,16 +69,16 @@ unbundle <file>::
[refname...]::
A list of references used to limit the references reported as
- available. This is principally of use to git-fetch, which
+ available. This is principally of use to 'git-fetch', which
expects to receive only those references asked for and not
- necessarily everything in the pack (in this case, git-bundle is
- acting like linkgit:git-fetch-pack[1]).
+ necessarily everything in the pack (in this case, 'git-bundle' is
+ acting like 'git-fetch-pack').
SPECIFYING REFERENCES
---------------------
-git-bundle will only package references that are shown by
-git-show-ref: this includes heads, tags, and remote heads. References
+'git-bundle' will only package references that are shown by
+'git-show-ref': this includes heads, tags, and remote heads. References
such as master~1 cannot be packaged, but are perfectly suitable for
defining the basis. More than one reference may be packaged, and more
than one basis can be specified. The objects packaged are those not
@@ -116,7 +115,7 @@ We set a tag in R1 (lastR2bundle) after the previous such transport,
and move it afterwards to help build the bundle.
------------
-$ git-bundle create mybundle master ^lastR2bundle
+$ git bundle create mybundle master ^lastR2bundle
$ git tag -f lastR2bundle master
------------
@@ -141,8 +140,8 @@ $ git bundle create mybundle master -n 10
Then you move mybundle from A to B, and in R2 on B:
------------
-$ git-bundle verify mybundle
-$ git-fetch mybundle master:localRef
+$ git bundle verify mybundle
+$ git fetch mybundle master:localRef
------------
With something like this in the config in R2:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
index f58013c..668f697 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@ git-cat-file - Provide content or type/size information for repository objects
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-cat-file' [-t | -s | -e | -p | <type>] <object>
-'git-cat-file' [--batch | --batch-check] < <list-of-objects>
+'git cat-file' [-t | -s | -e | -p | <type>] <object>
+'git cat-file' [--batch | --batch-check] < <list-of-objects>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ object specified on stdin:
------------
If '--batch-check' is specified, output of the following form is printed for
-each object specified fon stdin:
+each object specified on stdin:
------------
<sha1> SP <type> SP <size> LF
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt b/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
index f8e1bd5..043274b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
@@ -3,12 +3,12 @@ git-check-attr(1)
NAME
----
-git-check-attr - Display gitattributes information.
+git-check-attr - Display gitattributes information
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-check-attr' attr... [--] pathname...
+'git check-attr' attr... [--] pathname...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -22,6 +22,56 @@ OPTIONS
arguments as path names. If not supplied, only the first argument will
be treated as an attribute.
+OUTPUT
+------
+
+The output is of the form:
+<path> COLON SP <attribute> COLON SP <info> LF
+
+Where <path> is the path of a file being queried, <attribute> is an attribute
+being queried and <info> can be either:
+
+'unspecified';; when the attribute is not defined for the path.
+'unset';; when the attribute is defined to false.
+'set';; when the attribute is defined to true.
+<value>;; when a value has been assigned to the attribute.
+
+EXAMPLES
+--------
+
+In the examples, the following '.gitattributes' file is used:
+---------------
+*.java diff=java -crlf myAttr
+NoMyAttr.java !myAttr
+README caveat=unspecified
+---------------
+
+* Listing a single attribute:
+---------------
+$ git check-attr diff org/example/MyClass.java
+org/example/MyClass.java: diff: java
+---------------
+
+* Listing multiple attributes for a file:
+---------------
+$ git check-attr crlf diff myAttr -- org/example/MyClass.java
+org/example/MyClass.java: crlf: unset
+org/example/MyClass.java: diff: java
+org/example/MyClass.java: myAttr: set
+---------------
+
+* Listing attribute for multiple files:
+---------------
+$ git check-attr myAttr -- org/example/MyClass.java org/example/NoMyAttr.java
+org/example/MyClass.java: myAttr: set
+org/example/NoMyAttr.java: myAttr: unspecified
+---------------
+
+* Not all values are equally unambiguous:
+---------------
+$ git check-attr caveat README
+README: caveat: unspecified
+---------------
SEE ALSO
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
index c560c0a..034223c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-check-ref-format - Make sure ref name is well formed
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-check-ref-format' <refname>
+'git check-ref-format' <refname>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ refname expressions (see linkgit:git-rev-parse[1]). Namely:
. colon `:` is used as in `srcref:dstref` to mean "use srcref\'s
value and store it in dstref" in fetch and push operations.
It may also be used to select a specific object such as with
- linkgit:git-cat-file[1] "git-cat-file blob v1.3.3:refs.c".
+ 'git-cat-file': "git cat-file blob v1.3.3:refs.c".
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-checkout-index.txt b/Documentation/git-checkout-index.txt
index 676203b..62d8483 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-checkout-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-checkout-index.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-checkout-index - Copy files from the index to the working tree
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-checkout-index' [-u] [-q] [-a] [-f] [-n] [--prefix=<string>]
+'git checkout-index' [-u] [-q] [-a] [-f] [-n] [--prefix=<string>]
[--stage=<number>|all]
[--temp]
[-z] [--stdin]
@@ -73,25 +73,25 @@ OPTIONS
The order of the flags used to matter, but not anymore.
-Just doing `git-checkout-index` does nothing. You probably meant
-`git-checkout-index -a`. And if you want to force it, you want
-`git-checkout-index -f -a`.
+Just doing `git checkout-index` does nothing. You probably meant
+`git checkout-index -a`. And if you want to force it, you want
+`git checkout-index -f -a`.
Intuitiveness is not the goal here. Repeatability is. The reason for
the "no arguments means no work" behavior is that from scripts you are
supposed to be able to do:
----------------
-$ find . -name '*.h' -print0 | xargs -0 git-checkout-index -f --
+$ find . -name '*.h' -print0 | xargs -0 git checkout-index -f --
----------------
which will force all existing `*.h` files to be replaced with their
cached copies. If an empty command line implied "all", then this would
force-refresh everything in the index, which was not the point. But
-since git-checkout-index accepts --stdin it would be faster to use:
+since 'git-checkout-index' accepts --stdin it would be faster to use:
----------------
-$ find . -name '*.h' -print0 | git-checkout-index -f -z --stdin
+$ find . -name '*.h' -print0 | git checkout-index -f -z --stdin
----------------
The `--` is just a good idea when you know the rest will be filenames;
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ Using `--` is probably a good policy in scripts.
Using --temp or --stage=all
---------------------------
When `--temp` is used (or implied by `--stage=all`)
-`git-checkout-index` will create a temporary file for each index
+'git-checkout-index' will create a temporary file for each index
entry being checked out. The index will not be updated with stat
information. These options can be useful if the caller needs all
stages of all unmerged entries so that the unmerged files can be
@@ -144,19 +144,19 @@ EXAMPLES
To update and refresh only the files already checked out::
+
----------------
-$ git-checkout-index -n -f -a && git-update-index --ignore-missing --refresh
+$ git checkout-index -n -f -a && git update-index --ignore-missing --refresh
----------------
-Using `git-checkout-index` to "export an entire tree"::
+Using 'git-checkout-index' to "export an entire tree"::
The prefix ability basically makes it trivial to use
- `git-checkout-index` as an "export as tree" function.
+ 'git-checkout-index' as an "export as tree" function.
Just read the desired tree into the index, and do:
+
----------------
-$ git-checkout-index --prefix=git-export-dir/ -a
+$ git checkout-index --prefix=git-export-dir/ -a
----------------
+
-`git-checkout-index` will "export" the index into the specified
+`git checkout-index` will "export" the index into the specified
directory.
+
The final "/" is important. The exported name is literally just
@@ -166,7 +166,7 @@ following example.
Export files with a prefix::
+
----------------
-$ git-checkout-index --prefix=.merged- Makefile
+$ git checkout-index --prefix=.merged- Makefile
----------------
+
This will check out the currently cached copy of `Makefile`
diff --git a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
index 3ad9760..5aa69c0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
@@ -8,8 +8,8 @@ git-checkout - Checkout a branch or paths to the working tree
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-checkout' [-q] [-f] [[--track | --no-track] -b <new_branch> [-l]] [-m] [<branch>]
-'git-checkout' [<tree-ish>] <paths>...
+'git checkout' [-q] [-f] [[--track | --no-track] -b <new_branch> [-l]] [-m] [<branch>]
+'git checkout' [<tree-ish>] [--] <paths>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ options, which will be passed to `git branch`.
When <paths> are given, this command does *not* switch
branches. It updates the named paths in the working tree from
-the index file (i.e. it runs `git-checkout-index -f -u`), or
+the index file (i.e. it runs `git checkout-index -f -u`), or
from a named commit. In
this case, the `-f` and `-b` options are meaningless and giving
either of them results in an error. <tree-ish> argument can be
@@ -49,14 +49,14 @@ OPTIONS
-t::
--track::
- When creating a new branch, set up configuration so that git-pull
+ When creating a new branch, set up configuration so that 'git-pull'
will automatically retrieve data from the start point, which must be
a branch. Use this if you always pull from the same upstream branch
into the new branch, and if you don't want to use "git pull
<repository> <refspec>" explicitly. This behavior is the default
when the start point is a remote branch. Set the
branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable to `false` if you want
- git-checkout and git-branch to always behave as if '--no-track' were
+ 'git-checkout' and 'git-branch' to always behave as if '--no-track' were
given. Set it to `always` if you want this behavior when the
start-point is either a local or remote branch.
@@ -112,7 +112,7 @@ current branch and directly point at the commit named by the tag
(`v2.6.18` in the above example).
You can use usual git commands while in this state. You can use
-`git-reset --hard $othercommit` to further move around, for
+`git reset --hard $othercommit` to further move around, for
example. You can make changes and create a new commit on top of
a detached HEAD. You can even create a merge by using `git
merge $othercommit`.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
index 44e7749..b764130 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cherry-pick.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-cherry-pick - Apply the change introduced by an existing commit
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-cherry-pick' [--edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-x] <commit>
+'git cherry-pick' [--edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-x] <commit>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -19,12 +19,12 @@ OPTIONS
-------
<commit>::
Commit to cherry-pick.
- For a more complete list of ways to spell commits, see
+ For a more complete list of ways to spell commits, see the
"SPECIFYING REVISIONS" section in linkgit:git-rev-parse[1].
-e::
--edit::
- With this option, `git-cherry-pick` will let you edit the commit
+ With this option, 'git-cherry-pick' will let you edit the commit
message prior to committing.
-x::
@@ -55,13 +55,12 @@ OPTIONS
-n::
--no-commit::
- Usually the command automatically creates a commit with
- a commit log message stating which commit was
- cherry-picked. This flag applies the change necessary
- to cherry-pick the named commit to your working tree
- and the index, but does not make the commit. In addition,
- when this option is used, your index does not have to match
- the HEAD commit. The cherry-pick is done against the
+ Usually the command automatically creates a commit.
+ This flag applies the change necessary to cherry-pick
+ the named commit to your working tree and the index,
+ but does not make the commit. In addition, when this
+ option is used, your index does not have to match the
+ HEAD commit. The cherry-pick is done against the
beginning state of your index.
+
This is useful when cherry-picking more than one commits'
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cherry.txt b/Documentation/git-cherry.txt
index 9126011..74d14c4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cherry.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cherry.txt
@@ -7,14 +7,14 @@ git-cherry - Find commits not merged upstream
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-cherry' [-v] <upstream> [<head>] [<limit>]
+'git cherry' [-v] <upstream> [<head>] [<limit>]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
The changeset (or "diff") of each commit between the fork-point and <head>
is compared against each commit between the fork-point and <upstream>.
-The commits are compared with their 'patch id', obtained from linkgit:git-patch-id[1]
-program.
+The commits are compared with their 'patch id', obtained from
+the 'git-patch-id' program.
Every commit that doesn't exist in the <upstream> branch
has its id (sha1) reported, prefixed by a symbol. The ones that have
@@ -37,8 +37,8 @@ to and including <limit> are not reported:
\__*__*__<limit>__-__+__> <head>
-Because git-cherry compares the changeset rather than the commit id
-(sha1), you can use git-cherry to find out if a commit you made locally
+Because 'git-cherry' compares the changeset rather than the commit id
+(sha1), you can use 'git-cherry' to find out if a commit you made locally
has been applied <upstream> under a different commit id. For example,
this will happen if you're feeding patches <upstream> via email rather
than pushing or pulling commits directly.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-citool.txt b/Documentation/git-citool.txt
index 09108d0..670cb02 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-citool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-citool.txt
@@ -14,9 +14,9 @@ DESCRIPTION
A Tcl/Tk based graphical interface to review modified files, stage
them into the index, enter a commit message and record the new
commit onto the current branch. This interface is an alternative
-to the less interactive linkgit:git-commit[1] program.
+to the less interactive 'git-commit' program.
-git-citool is actually a standard alias for 'git gui citool'.
+'git-citool' is actually a standard alias for `git gui citool`.
See linkgit:git-gui[1] for more details.
Author
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clean.txt b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
index 37a82ee..8a11450 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clean.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-clean - Remove untracked files from the working tree
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-clean' [-d] [-f] [-n] [-q] [-x | -X] [--] <paths>...
+'git clean' [-d] [-f] [-n] [-q] [-x | -X] [--] <path>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -16,8 +16,8 @@ Removes files unknown to git. This allows to clean the working tree
from files that are not under version control. If the '-x' option is
specified, ignored files are also removed, allowing to remove all
build products.
-When optional `<paths>...` arguments are given, the paths
-affected are further limited to those that match them.
+If any optional `<path>...` arguments are given, only those paths
+are affected.
OPTIONS
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ OPTIONS
-f::
If the git configuration specifies clean.requireForce as true,
- git-clean will refuse to run unless given -f or -n.
+ 'git-clean' will refuse to run unless given -f or -n.
-n::
--dry-run::
@@ -41,7 +41,7 @@ OPTIONS
-x::
Don't use the ignore rules. This allows removing all untracked
files, including build products. This can be used (possibly in
- conjunction with linkgit:git-reset[1]) to create a pristine
+ conjunction with 'git-reset') to create a pristine
working directory to test a clean build.
-X::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clone.txt b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
index 7973e6a..0e14e73 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clone.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@ git-clone - Clone a repository into a new directory
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-clone' [--template=<template_directory>]
- [-l] [-s] [--no-hardlinks] [-q] [-n] [--bare]
+'git clone' [--template=<template_directory>]
+ [-l] [-s] [--no-hardlinks] [-q] [-n] [--bare] [--mirror]
[-o <name>] [-u <upload-pack>] [--reference <repository>]
[--depth <depth>] [--] <repository> [<directory>]
@@ -68,10 +68,10 @@ it unless you understand what it does. If you clone your
repository using this option and then delete branches (or use any
other git command that makes any existing commit unreferenced) in the
source repository, some objects may become unreferenced (or dangling).
-These objects may be removed by normal git operations (such as git-commit[1])
-which automatically call git-gc[1]. If these objects are removed and
-were referenced by the cloned repository, then the cloned repository
-will become corrupt.
+These objects may be removed by normal git operations (such as 'git-commit')
+which automatically call `git gc --auto`. (See linkgit:git-gc[1].)
+If these objects are removed and were referenced by the cloned repository,
+then the cloned repository will become corrupt.
@@ -87,8 +87,8 @@ will become corrupt.
--quiet::
-q::
- Operate quietly. This flag is passed to "rsync" and
- "git-fetch-pack" commands when given.
+ Operate quietly. This flag is also passed to the `rsync'
+ command when given.
--no-checkout::
-n::
@@ -106,6 +106,9 @@ will become corrupt.
used, neither remote-tracking branches nor the related
configuration variables are created.
+--mirror::
+ Set up a mirror of the remote repository. This implies --bare.
+
--origin <name>::
-o <name>::
Instead of using the remote name 'origin' to keep track
@@ -113,9 +116,8 @@ will become corrupt.
--upload-pack <upload-pack>::
-u <upload-pack>::
- When given, and the repository to clone from is handled
- by 'git-fetch-pack', '--exec=<upload-pack>' is passed to
- the command to specify non-default path for the command
+ When given, and the repository to clone from is accessed
+ via ssh, this specifies a non-default path for the command
run on the other end.
--template=<template_directory>::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
index 728c2fa..b8834ba 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-commit-tree - Create a new commit object
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-commit-tree' <tree> [-p <parent commit>]\* < changelog
+'git commit-tree' <tree> [-p <parent commit>]\* < changelog
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -16,12 +16,12 @@ This is usually not what an end user wants to run directly. See
linkgit:git-commit[1] instead.
Creates a new commit object based on the provided tree object and
-emits the new commit object id on stdout. If no parent is given then
-it is considered to be an initial tree.
+emits the new commit object id on stdout.
-A commit object usually has 1 parent (a commit after a change) or up
-to 16 parents. More than one parent represents a merge of branches
-that led to them.
+A commit object may have any number of parents. With exactly one
+parent, it is an ordinary commit. Having more than one parent makes
+the commit a merge between several lines of history. Initial (root)
+commits have no parents.
While a tree represents a particular directory state of a working
directory, a commit represents that state in "time", and explains how
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ is taken from the configuration items user.name and user.email, or, if not
present, system user name and fully qualified hostname.
A commit comment is read from stdin. If a changelog
-entry is not provided via "<" redirection, "git-commit-tree" will just wait
+entry is not provided via "<" redirection, 'git-commit-tree' will just wait
for one to be entered and terminated with ^D.
@@ -79,9 +79,9 @@ Diagnostics
You don't exist. Go away!::
The passwd(5) gecos field couldn't be read
Your parents must have hated you!::
- The password(5) gecos field is longer than a giant static buffer.
+ The passwd(5) gecos field is longer than a giant static buffer.
Your sysadmin must hate you!::
- The password(5) name field is longer than a giant static buffer.
+ The passwd(5) name field is longer than a giant static buffer.
Discussion
----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
index 861ce93..5cce3a3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
@@ -8,23 +8,23 @@ git-commit - Record changes to the repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-commit' [-a | --interactive] [-s] [-v] [-u] [--amend]
+'git commit' [-a | --interactive] [-s] [-v] [-u<mode>] [--amend]
[(-c | -C) <commit>] [-F <file> | -m <msg>]
[--allow-empty] [--no-verify] [-e] [--author=<author>]
[--cleanup=<mode>] [--] [[-i | -o ]<file>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Use 'git commit' to store the current contents of the index in a new
-commit along with a log message describing the changes you have made.
+Stores the current contents of the index in a new commit along
+with a log message from the user describing the changes.
The content to be added can be specified in several ways:
-1. by using linkgit:git-add[1] to incrementally "add" changes to the
+1. by using 'git-add' to incrementally "add" changes to the
index before using the 'commit' command (Note: even modified
files must be "added");
-2. by using linkgit:git-rm[1] to remove files from the working tree
+2. by using 'git-rm' to remove files from the working tree
and the index, again before using the 'commit' command;
3. by listing files as arguments to the 'commit' command, in which
@@ -39,15 +39,15 @@ The content to be added can be specified in several ways:
5. by using the --interactive switch with the 'commit' command to decide one
by one which files should be part of the commit, before finalizing the
- operation. Currently, this is done by invoking `git-add --interactive`.
+ operation. Currently, this is done by invoking 'git-add --interactive'.
-The linkgit:git-status[1] command can be used to obtain a
+The 'git-status' command can be used to obtain a
summary of what is included by any of the above for the next
commit by giving the same set of parameters you would give to
this command.
-If you make a commit and then found a mistake immediately after
-that, you can recover from it with linkgit:git-reset[1].
+If you make a commit and then find a mistake immediately after
+that, you can recover from it with 'git-reset'.
OPTIONS
@@ -92,12 +92,13 @@ OPTIONS
-s::
--signoff::
- Add Signed-off-by line at the end of the commit message.
+ Add Signed-off-by line by the committer at the end of the commit
+ log message.
-n::
--no-verify::
This option bypasses the pre-commit and commit-msg hooks.
- See also linkgit:githooks[5][hooks].
+ See also linkgit:githooks[5].
--allow-empty::
Usually recording a commit that has the exact same tree as its
@@ -155,20 +156,29 @@ but can be used to amend a merge commit.
Make a commit only from the paths specified on the
command line, disregarding any contents that have been
staged so far. This is the default mode of operation of
- 'git commit' if any paths are given on the command line,
+ 'git-commit' if any paths are given on the command line,
in which case this option can be omitted.
If this option is specified together with '--amend', then
- no paths need be specified, which can be used to amend
+ no paths need to be specified, which can be used to amend
the last commit without committing changes that have
already been staged.
--u::
---untracked-files::
- Show all untracked files, also those in uninteresting
- directories, in the "Untracked files:" section of commit
- message template. Without this option only its name and
- a trailing slash are displayed for each untracked
- directory.
+-u[<mode>]::
+--untracked-files[=<mode>]::
+ Show untracked files (Default: 'all').
++
+The mode parameter is optional, and is used to specify
+the handling of untracked files. The possible options are:
++
+--
+ - 'no' - Show no untracked files
+ - 'normal' - Shows untracked files and directories
+ - 'all' - Also shows individual files in untracked directories.
+--
++
+See linkgit:git-config[1] for configuration variable
+used to change the default for when the option is not
+specified.
-v::
--verbose::
@@ -196,10 +206,10 @@ EXAMPLES
--------
When recording your own work, the contents of modified files in
your working tree are temporarily stored to a staging area
-called the "index" with linkgit:git-add[1]. A file can be
+called the "index" with 'git-add'. A file can be
reverted back, only in the index but not in the working tree,
-to that of the last commit with `git-reset HEAD -- <file>`,
-which effectively reverts `git-add` and prevents the changes to
+to that of the last commit with `git reset HEAD -- <file>`,
+which effectively reverts 'git-add' and prevents the changes to
this file from participating in the next commit. After building
the state to be committed incrementally with these commands,
`git commit` (without any pathname parameter) is used to record what
@@ -255,13 +265,13 @@ $ git commit
this second commit would record the changes to `hello.c` and
`hello.h` as expected.
-After a merge (initiated by either linkgit:git-merge[1] or
-linkgit:git-pull[1]) stops because of conflicts, cleanly merged
+After a merge (initiated by 'git-merge' or 'git-pull') stops
+because of conflicts, cleanly merged
paths are already staged to be committed for you, and paths that
conflicted are left in unmerged state. You would have to first
-check which paths are conflicting with linkgit:git-status[1]
+check which paths are conflicting with 'git-status'
and after fixing them manually in your working tree, you would
-stage the result as usual with linkgit:git-add[1]:
+stage the result as usual with 'git-add':
------------
$ git status | grep unmerged
@@ -307,7 +317,7 @@ order).
HOOKS
-----
This command can run `commit-msg`, `prepare-commit-msg`, `pre-commit`,
-and `post-commit` hooks. See linkgit:githooks[5][hooks] for more
+and `post-commit` hooks. See linkgit:githooks[5] for more
information.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-config.txt b/Documentation/git-config.txt
index b0f20e2..19a8917 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-config.txt
@@ -9,19 +9,19 @@ git-config - Get and set repository or global options
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] name [value [value_regex]]
-'git-config' [<file-option>] [type] --add name value
-'git-config' [<file-option>] [type] --replace-all name [value [value_regex]]
-'git-config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] --get name [value_regex]
-'git-config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] --get-all name [value_regex]
-'git-config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] --get-regexp name_regex [value_regex]
-'git-config' [<file-option>] --unset name [value_regex]
-'git-config' [<file-option>] --unset-all name [value_regex]
-'git-config' [<file-option>] --rename-section old_name new_name
-'git-config' [<file-option>] --remove-section name
-'git-config' [<file-option>] [-z|--null] -l | --list
-'git-config' [<file-option>] --get-color name [default]
-'git-config' [<file-option>] --get-colorbool name [stdout-is-tty]
+'git config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] name [value [value_regex]]
+'git config' [<file-option>] [type] --add name value
+'git config' [<file-option>] [type] --replace-all name [value [value_regex]]
+'git config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] --get name [value_regex]
+'git config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] --get-all name [value_regex]
+'git config' [<file-option>] [type] [-z|--null] --get-regexp name_regex [value_regex]
+'git config' [<file-option>] --unset name [value_regex]
+'git config' [<file-option>] --unset-all name [value_regex]
+'git config' [<file-option>] --rename-section old_name new_name
+'git config' [<file-option>] --remove-section name
+'git config' [<file-option>] [-z|--null] -l | --list
+'git config' [<file-option>] --get-color name [default]
+'git config' [<file-option>] --get-colorbool name [stdout-is-tty]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -122,10 +122,10 @@ See also <<FILES>>.
List all variables set in config file.
--bool::
- git-config will ensure that the output is "true" or "false"
+ 'git-config' will ensure that the output is "true" or "false"
--int::
- git-config will ensure that the output is a simple
+ 'git-config' will ensure that the output is a simple
decimal number. An optional value suffix of 'k', 'm', or 'g'
in the config file will cause the value to be multiplied
by 1024, 1048576, or 1073741824 prior to output.
@@ -162,7 +162,7 @@ FILES
-----
If not set explicitly with '--file', there are three files where
-git-config will search for configuration options:
+'git-config' will search for configuration options:
$GIT_DIR/config::
Repository specific configuration file. (The filename is
@@ -179,23 +179,18 @@ $(prefix)/etc/gitconfig::
If no further options are given, all reading options will read all of these
files that are available. If the global or the system-wide configuration
file are not available they will be ignored. If the repository configuration
-file is not available or readable, git-config will exit with a non-zero
+file is not available or readable, 'git-config' will exit with a non-zero
error code. However, in neither case will an error message be issued.
All writing options will per default write to the repository specific
configuration file. Note that this also affects options like '--replace-all'
-and '--unset'. *git-config will only ever change one file at a time*.
+and '--unset'. *'git-config' will only ever change one file at a time*.
You can override these rules either by command line options or by environment
variables. The '--global' and the '--system' options will limit the file used
to the global or system-wide file respectively. The GIT_CONFIG environment
variable has a similar effect, but you can specify any filename you want.
-The GIT_CONFIG_LOCAL environment variable on the other hand only changes
-the name used instead of the repository configuration file. The global and
-the system-wide configuration files will still be read. (For writing options
-this will obviously result in the same behavior as using GIT_CONFIG.)
-
ENVIRONMENT
-----------
@@ -205,10 +200,6 @@ GIT_CONFIG::
Using the "--global" option forces this to ~/.gitconfig. Using the
"--system" option forces this to $(prefix)/etc/gitconfig.
-GIT_CONFIG_LOCAL::
- Take the configuration from the given file instead if .git/config.
- Still read the global and the system-wide configuration files, though.
-
See also <<FILES>>.
@@ -288,7 +279,7 @@ If you want to know all the values for a multivar, do:
% git config --get-all core.gitproxy
------------
-If you like to live dangerous, you can replace *all* core.gitproxy by a
+If you like to live dangerously, you can replace *all* core.gitproxy by a
new one with
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
index 4a9dcd7..75a8da1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-count-objects - Count unpacked number of objects and their disk consumption
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-count-objects' [-v]
+'git count-objects' [-v]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ OPTIONS
In addition to the number of loose objects and disk
space consumed, it reports the number of in-pack
objects, number of packs, and number of objects that can be
- removed by running `git-prune-packed`.
+ removed by running `git prune-packed`.
Author
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsexportcommit.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsexportcommit.txt
index 5fa91e5..2da8588 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsexportcommit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsexportcommit.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,8 @@ git-cvsexportcommit - Export a single commit to a CVS checkout
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-cvsexportcommit' [-h] [-u] [-v] [-c] [-P] [-p] [-a] [-d cvsroot] [-w cvsworkdir] [-W] [-f] [-m msgprefix] [PARENTCOMMIT] COMMITID
+'git cvsexportcommit' [-h] [-u] [-v] [-c] [-P] [-p] [-a] [-d cvsroot]
+ [-w cvsworkdir] [-W] [-f] [-m msgprefix] [PARENTCOMMIT] COMMITID
DESCRIPTION
@@ -26,8 +27,8 @@ by default.
Supports file additions, removals, and commits that affect binary files.
-If the commit is a merge commit, you must tell git-cvsexportcommit what parent
-should the changeset be done against.
+If the commit is a merge commit, you must tell 'git-cvsexportcommit' what
+parent the changeset should be done against.
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -89,14 +90,14 @@ Merge one patch into CVS::
------------
$ export GIT_DIR=~/project/.git
$ cd ~/project_cvs_checkout
-$ git-cvsexportcommit -v <commit-sha1>
+$ git cvsexportcommit -v <commit-sha1>
$ cvs commit -F .msg <files>
------------
Merge one patch into CVS (-c and -w options). The working directory is within the Git Repo::
+
------------
- $ git-cvsexportcommit -v -c -w ~/project_cvs_checkout <commit-sha1>
+ $ git cvsexportcommit -v -c -w ~/project_cvs_checkout <commit-sha1>
------------
Merge pending patches into CVS automatically -- only if you really know what you are doing::
@@ -104,7 +105,7 @@ Merge pending patches into CVS automatically -- only if you really know what you
------------
$ export GIT_DIR=~/project/.git
$ cd ~/project_cvs_checkout
-$ git-cherry cvshead myhead | sed -n 's/^+ //p' | xargs -l1 git-cvsexportcommit -c -p -v
+$ git cherry cvshead myhead | sed -n 's/^+ //p' | xargs -l1 git cvsexportcommit -c -p -v
------------
Author
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
index 93b7d2d..b7a8c10 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsimport.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-cvsimport - Salvage your data out of another SCM people love to hate
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-cvsimport' [-o <branch-for-HEAD>] [-h] [-v] [-d <CVSROOT>]
+'git cvsimport' [-o <branch-for-HEAD>] [-h] [-v] [-d <CVSROOT>]
[-A <author-conv-file>] [-p <options-for-cvsps>] [-P <file>]
[-C <git_repository>] [-z <fuzz>] [-i] [-k] [-u] [-s <subst>]
[-a] [-m] [-M <regex>] [-S <regex>] [-L <commitlimit>]
@@ -25,9 +25,9 @@ Splitting the CVS log into patch sets is done by 'cvsps'.
At least version 2.1 is required.
You should *never* do any work of your own on the branches that are
-created by git-cvsimport. By default initial import will create and populate a
+created by 'git-cvsimport'. By default initial import will create and populate a
"master" branch from the CVS repository's main branch which you're free
-to work with; after that, you need to 'git merge' incremental imports, or
+to work with; after that, you need to 'git-merge' incremental imports, or
any CVS branches, yourself. It is advisable to specify a named remote via
-r to separate and protect the incoming branches.
@@ -46,13 +46,13 @@ OPTIONS
-d <CVSROOT>::
The root of the CVS archive. May be local (a simple path) or remote;
currently, only the :local:, :ext: and :pserver: access methods
- are supported. If not given, git-cvsimport will try to read it
+ are supported. If not given, 'git-cvsimport' will try to read it
from `CVS/Root`. If no such file exists, it checks for the
`CVSROOT` environment variable.
<CVS_module>::
The CVS module you want to import. Relative to <CVSROOT>.
- If not given, git-cvsimport tries to read it from
+ If not given, 'git-cvsimport' tries to read it from
`CVS/Repository`.
-C <target-dir>::
@@ -62,14 +62,14 @@ OPTIONS
-r <remote>::
The git remote to import this CVS repository into.
Moves all CVS branches into remotes/<remote>/<branch>
- akin to the git-clone --use-separate-remote option.
+ akin to the 'git-clone' "--use-separate-remote" option.
-o <branch-for-HEAD>::
When no remote is specified (via -r) the 'HEAD' branch
from CVS is imported to the 'origin' branch within the git
repository, as 'HEAD' already has a special meaning for git.
When a remote is specified the 'HEAD' branch is named
- remotes/<remote>/master mirroring git-clone behaviour.
+ remotes/<remote>/master mirroring 'git-clone' behaviour.
Use this option if you want to import into a different
branch.
+
@@ -142,17 +142,17 @@ This option can be used several times to provide several detection regexes.
---------
+
-git-cvsimport will make it appear as those authors had
+'git-cvsimport' will make it appear as those authors had
their GIT_AUTHOR_NAME and GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL set properly
all along.
+
For convenience, this data is saved to `$GIT_DIR/cvs-authors`
each time the '-A' option is provided and read from that same
-file each time git-cvsimport is run.
+file each time 'git-cvsimport' is run.
+
It is not recommended to use this feature if you intend to
export changes back to CVS again later with
-linkgit:git-cvsexportcommit[1].
+'git-cvsexportcommit'.
-h::
Print a short usage message and exit.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
index 19da87e..785779e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cvsserver.txt
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
SSH:
[verse]
-export CVS_SERVER=git-cvsserver
+export CVS_SERVER="git cvsserver"
'cvs' -d :ext:user@server/path/repo.git co <HEAD_name>
pserver (/etc/inetd.conf):
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ cvspserver stream tcp nowait nobody /usr/bin/git-cvsserver git-cvsserver pserver
Usage:
[verse]
-'git-cvsserver' [options] [pserver|server] [<directory> ...]
+'git cvsserver' [options] [pserver|server] [<directory> ...]
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@ over pserver for anonymous CVS access.
CVS clients cannot tag, branch or perform GIT merges.
-git-cvsserver maps GIT branches to CVS modules. This is very different
+'git-cvsserver' maps GIT branches to CVS modules. This is very different
from what most CVS users would expect since in CVS modules usually represent
one or more directories.
@@ -103,19 +103,19 @@ looks like
------
No special setup is needed for SSH access, other than having GIT tools
in the PATH. If you have clients that do not accept the CVS_SERVER
-environment variable, you can rename git-cvsserver to cvs.
+environment variable, you can rename 'git-cvsserver' to `cvs`.
Note: Newer CVS versions (>= 1.12.11) also support specifying
CVS_SERVER directly in CVSROOT like
------
-cvs -d ":ext;CVS_SERVER=git-cvsserver:user@server/path/repo.git" co <HEAD_name>
+cvs -d ":ext;CVS_SERVER=git cvsserver:user@server/path/repo.git" co <HEAD_name>
------
This has the advantage that it will be saved in your 'CVS/Root' files and
you don't need to worry about always setting the correct environment
-variable. SSH users restricted to git-shell don't need to override the default
-with CVS_SERVER (and shouldn't) as git-shell understands `cvs` to mean
-git-cvsserver and pretends that the other end runs the real cvs better.
+variable. SSH users restricted to 'git-shell' don't need to override the default
+with CVS_SERVER (and shouldn't) as 'git-shell' understands `cvs` to mean
+'git-cvsserver' and pretends that the other end runs the real 'cvs' better.
--
2. For each repo that you want accessible from CVS you need to edit config in
the repo and add the following section.
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ git-cvsserver and pretends that the other end runs the real cvs better.
logfile=/path/to/logfile
------
-Note: you need to ensure each user that is going to invoke git-cvsserver has
+Note: you need to ensure each user that is going to invoke 'git-cvsserver' has
write access to the log file and to the database (see
<<dbbackend,Database Backend>>. If you want to offer write access over
SSH, the users of course also need write access to the git repository itself.
@@ -153,12 +153,12 @@ allowing access over SSH.
automatically saving it in your 'CVS/Root' files, then you need to set them
explicitly in your environment. CVSROOT should be set as per normal, but the
directory should point at the appropriate git repo. As above, for SSH clients
- _not_ restricted to git-shell, CVS_SERVER should be set to git-cvsserver.
+ _not_ restricted to 'git-shell', CVS_SERVER should be set to 'git-cvsserver'.
+
--
------
export CVSROOT=:ext:user@server:/var/git/project.git
- export CVS_SERVER=git-cvsserver
+ export CVS_SERVER="git cvsserver"
------
--
4. For SSH clients that will make commits, make sure their server-side
@@ -181,27 +181,27 @@ allowing access over SSH.
Database Backend
----------------
-git-cvsserver uses one database per git head (i.e. CVS module) to
+'git-cvsserver' uses one database per git head (i.e. CVS module) to
store information about the repository for faster access. The
database doesn't contain any persistent data and can be completely
regenerated from the git repository at any time. The database
needs to be updated (i.e. written to) after every commit.
-If the commit is done directly by using git (as opposed to
-using git-cvsserver) the update will need to happen on the
-next repository access by git-cvsserver, independent of
+If the commit is done directly by using `git` (as opposed to
+using 'git-cvsserver') the update will need to happen on the
+next repository access by 'git-cvsserver', independent of
access method and requested operation.
That means that even if you offer only read access (e.g. by using
-the pserver method), git-cvsserver should have write access to
+the pserver method), 'git-cvsserver' should have write access to
the database to work reliably (otherwise you need to make sure
-that the database is up-to-date any time git-cvsserver is executed).
+that the database is up-to-date any time 'git-cvsserver' is executed).
By default it uses SQLite databases in the git directory, named
`gitcvs.<module_name>.sqlite`. Note that the SQLite backend creates
temporary files in the same directory as the database file on
write so it might not be enough to grant the users using
-git-cvsserver write access to the database file without granting
+'git-cvsserver' write access to the database file without granting
them write access to the directory, too.
You can configure the database backend with the following
@@ -210,7 +210,7 @@ configuration variables:
Configuring database backend
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-git-cvsserver uses the Perl DBI module. Please also read
+'git-cvsserver' uses the Perl DBI module. Please also read
its documentation if changing these variables, especially
about `DBI->connect()`.
@@ -262,7 +262,7 @@ In `dbdriver` and `dbuser` you can use the following variables:
%a::
access method (one of "ext" or "pserver")
%u::
- Name of the user running git-cvsserver.
+ Name of the user running 'git-cvsserver'.
If no name can be determined, the
numeric uid is used.
@@ -283,13 +283,13 @@ To get a checkout with the Eclipse CVS client:
Protocol notes: If you are using anonymous access via pserver, just select that.
Those using SSH access should choose the 'ext' protocol, and configure 'ext'
access on the Preferences->Team->CVS->ExtConnection pane. Set CVS_SERVER to
-'git-cvsserver'. Note that password support is not good when using 'ext',
+"'git cvsserver'". Note that password support is not good when using 'ext',
you will definitely want to have SSH keys setup.
Alternatively, you can just use the non-standard extssh protocol that Eclipse
offer. In that case CVS_SERVER is ignored, and you will have to replace
-the cvs utility on the server with git-cvsserver or manipulate your `.bashrc`
-so that calling 'cvs' effectively calls git-cvsserver.
+the cvs utility on the server with 'git-cvsserver' or manipulate your `.bashrc`
+so that calling 'cvs' effectively calls 'git-cvsserver'.
Clients known to work
---------------------
@@ -331,14 +331,13 @@ is left blank. But if `gitcvs.allbinary` is set to "guess", then
the correct '-k' mode will be guessed based on the contents of
the file.
-For best consistency with cvs, it is probably best to override the
+For best consistency with 'cvs', it is probably best to override the
defaults by setting `gitcvs.usecrlfattr` to true,
and `gitcvs.allbinary` to "guess".
Dependencies
------------
-
-git-cvsserver depends on DBD::SQLite.
+'git-cvsserver' depends on DBD::SQLite.
Copyright and Authors
---------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
index 344f24e..4ba4b75 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
@@ -8,12 +8,12 @@ git-daemon - A really simple server for git repositories
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-daemon' [--verbose] [--syslog] [--export-all]
- [--timeout=n] [--init-timeout=n] [--strict-paths]
- [--base-path=path] [--user-path | --user-path=path]
- [--interpolated-path=pathtemplate]
- [--reuseaddr] [--detach] [--pid-file=file]
- [--enable=service] [--disable=service]
+'git daemon' [--verbose] [--syslog] [--export-all]
+ [--timeout=n] [--init-timeout=n] [--strict-paths]
+ [--base-path=path] [--user-path | --user-path=path]
+ [--interpolated-path=pathtemplate]
+ [--reuseaddr] [--detach] [--pid-file=file]
+ [--enable=service] [--disable=service]
[--allow-override=service] [--forbid-override=service]
[--inetd | [--listen=host_or_ipaddr] [--port=n] [--user=user [--group=group]]
[directory...]
@@ -31,32 +31,32 @@ pass some directory paths as 'git-daemon' arguments, you can further restrict
the offers to a whitelist comprising of those.
By default, only `upload-pack` service is enabled, which serves
-`git-fetch-pack` and `git-ls-remote` clients, which are invoked
-from `git-fetch`, `git-pull`, and `git-clone`.
+'git-fetch-pack' and 'git-ls-remote' clients, which are invoked
+from 'git-fetch', 'git-pull', and 'git-clone'.
This is ideally suited for read-only updates, i.e., pulling from
git repositories.
-An `upload-archive` also exists to serve `git-archive`.
+An `upload-archive` also exists to serve 'git-archive'.
OPTIONS
-------
--strict-paths::
Match paths exactly (i.e. don't allow "/foo/repo" when the real path is
"/foo/repo.git" or "/foo/repo/.git") and don't do user-relative paths.
- git-daemon will refuse to start when this option is enabled and no
+ 'git-daemon' will refuse to start when this option is enabled and no
whitelist is specified.
--base-path::
Remap all the path requests as relative to the given path.
- This is sort of "GIT root" - if you run git-daemon with
+ This is sort of "GIT root" - if you run 'git-daemon' with
'--base-path=/srv/git' on example.com, then if you later try to pull
- 'git://example.com/hello.git', `git-daemon` will interpret the path
+ 'git://example.com/hello.git', 'git-daemon' will interpret the path
as '/srv/git/hello.git'.
--base-path-relaxed::
If --base-path is enabled and repo lookup fails, with this option
- `git-daemon` will attempt to lookup without prefixing the base path.
+ 'git-daemon' will attempt to lookup without prefixing the base path.
This is useful for switching to --base-path usage, while still
allowing the old paths.
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ OPTIONS
+
Giving these options is an error when used with `--inetd`; use
the facility of inet daemon to achieve the same before spawning
-`git-daemon` if needed.
+'git-daemon' if needed.
--enable=service::
--disable=service::
@@ -164,24 +164,24 @@ SERVICES
These services can be globally enabled/disabled using the
command line options of this command. If a finer-grained
-control is desired (e.g. to allow `git-archive` to be run
+control is desired (e.g. to allow 'git-archive' to be run
against only in a few selected repositories the daemon serves),
the per-repository configuration file can be used to enable or
disable them.
upload-pack::
- This serves `git-fetch-pack` and `git-ls-remote`
+ This serves 'git-fetch-pack' and 'git-ls-remote'
clients. It is enabled by default, but a repository can
disable it by setting `daemon.uploadpack` configuration
item to `false`.
upload-archive::
- This serves `git-archive --remote`. It is disabled by
+ This serves 'git-archive --remote'. It is disabled by
default, but a repository can enable it by setting
`daemon.uploadarch` configuration item to `true`.
receive-pack::
- This serves `git-send-pack` clients, allowing anonymous
+ This serves 'git-send-pack' clients, allowing anonymous
push. It is disabled by default, as there is _no_
authentication in the protocol (in other words, anybody
can push anything into the repository, including removal
@@ -199,28 +199,28 @@ $ grep 9418 /etc/services
git 9418/tcp # Git Version Control System
------------
-git-daemon as inetd server::
- To set up `git-daemon` as an inetd service that handles any
+'git-daemon' as inetd server::
+ To set up 'git-daemon' as an inetd service that handles any
repository under the whitelisted set of directories, /pub/foo
and /pub/bar, place an entry like the following into
/etc/inetd all on one line:
+
------------------------------------------------
- git stream tcp nowait nobody /usr/bin/git-daemon
- git-daemon --inetd --verbose --export-all
+ git stream tcp nowait nobody /usr/bin/git
+ git daemon --inetd --verbose --export-all
/pub/foo /pub/bar
------------------------------------------------
-git-daemon as inetd server for virtual hosts::
- To set up `git-daemon` as an inetd service that handles
+'git-daemon' as inetd server for virtual hosts::
+ To set up 'git-daemon' as an inetd service that handles
repositories for different virtual hosts, `www.example.com`
and `www.example.org`, place an entry like the following into
`/etc/inetd` all on one line:
+
------------------------------------------------
- git stream tcp nowait nobody /usr/bin/git-daemon
- git-daemon --inetd --verbose --export-all
+ git stream tcp nowait nobody /usr/bin/git
+ git daemon --inetd --verbose --export-all
--interpolated-path=/pub/%H%D
/pub/www.example.org/software
/pub/www.example.com/software
@@ -235,13 +235,13 @@ clients, a symlink from `/software` into the appropriate
default repository could be made as well.
-git-daemon as regular daemon for virtual hosts::
- To set up `git-daemon` as a regular, non-inetd service that
+'git-daemon' as regular daemon for virtual hosts::
+ To set up 'git-daemon' as a regular, non-inetd service that
handles repositories for multiple virtual hosts based on
their IP addresses, start the daemon like this:
+
------------------------------------------------
- git-daemon --verbose --export-all
+ git daemon --verbose --export-all
--interpolated-path=/pub/%IP/%D
/pub/192.168.1.200/software
/pub/10.10.220.23/software
@@ -253,7 +253,7 @@ Repositories can still be accessed by hostname though, assuming
they correspond to these IP addresses.
selectively enable/disable services per repository::
- To enable `git-archive --remote` and disable `git-fetch` against
+ To enable 'git-archive --remote' and disable 'git-fetch' against
a repository, have the following in the configuration file in the
repository (that is the file 'config' next to 'HEAD', 'refs' and
'objects').
diff --git a/Documentation/git-describe.txt b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
index 44aaa40..c4dbc2a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-describe.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-describe - Show the most recent tag that is reachable from a commit
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-describe' [--all] [--tags] [--contains] [--abbrev=<n>] <committish>...
+'git describe' [--all] [--tags] [--contains] [--abbrev=<n>] <committish>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -21,8 +21,8 @@ abbreviated object name of the most recent commit.
OPTIONS
-------
-<committish>::
- The object name of the committish.
+<committish>...::
+ Committish object names to describe.
--all::
Instead of using only the annotated tags, use any ref
@@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ EXAMPLES
With something like git.git current tree, I get:
- [torvalds@g5 git]$ git-describe parent
+ [torvalds@g5 git]$ git describe parent
v1.0.4-14-g2414721
i.e. the current head of my "parent" branch is based on v1.0.4,
@@ -92,9 +92,9 @@ of commits which would be displayed by "git log v1.0.4..parent".
The hash suffix is "-g" + 7-char abbreviation for the tip commit
of parent (which was `2414721b194453f058079d897d13c4e377f92dc6`).
-Doing a "git-describe" on a tag-name will just show the tag name:
+Doing a 'git-describe' on a tag-name will just show the tag name:
- [torvalds@g5 git]$ git-describe v1.0.4
+ [torvalds@g5 git]$ git describe v1.0.4
v1.0.4
With --all, the command can use branch heads as references, so
@@ -115,13 +115,13 @@ closest tagname without any suffix:
SEARCH STRATEGY
---------------
-For each committish supplied "git describe" will first look for
+For each committish supplied, 'git-describe' will first look for
a tag which tags exactly that commit. Annotated tags will always
be preferred over lightweight tags, and tags with newer dates will
always be preferred over tags with older dates. If an exact match
is found, its name will be output and searching will stop.
-If an exact match was not found "git describe" will walk back
+If an exact match was not found, 'git-describe' will walk back
through the commit history to locate an ancestor commit which
has been tagged. The ancestor's tag will be output along with an
abbreviation of the input committish's SHA1.
@@ -129,7 +129,7 @@ abbreviation of the input committish's SHA1.
If multiple tags were found during the walk then the tag which
has the fewest commits different from the input committish will be
selected and output. Here fewest commits different is defined as
-the number of commits which would be shown by "git log tag..input"
+the number of commits which would be shown by `git log tag..input`
will be the smallest number of commits possible.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff-files.txt b/Documentation/git-diff-files.txt
index 8a64869..5c8c1d9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff-files.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff-files.txt
@@ -8,14 +8,14 @@ git-diff-files - Compares files in the working tree and the index
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-diff-files' [-q] [-0|-1|-2|-3|-c|--cc] [<common diff options>] [<path>...]
+'git diff-files' [-q] [-0|-1|-2|-3|-c|--cc] [<common diff options>] [<path>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Compares the files in the working tree and the index. When paths
are specified, compares only those named paths. Otherwise all
entries in the index are compared. The output format is the
-same as "git-diff-index" and "git-diff-tree".
+same as for 'git-diff-index' and 'git-diff-tree'.
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt b/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt
index f6e844f..26920d4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-diff-index - Compares content and mode of blobs between the index and reposi
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-diff-index' [-m] [--cached] [<common diff options>] <tree-ish> [<path>...]
+'git diff-index' [-m] [--cached] [<common diff options>] <tree-ish> [<path>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ include::diff-options.txt[]
-m::
By default, files recorded in the index but not checked
out are reported as deleted. This flag makes
- "git-diff-index" say that all non-checked-out files are up
+ 'git-diff-index' say that all non-checked-out files are up
to date.
Output format
@@ -50,31 +50,31 @@ Cached Mode
If '--cached' is specified, it allows you to ask:
show me the differences between HEAD and the current index
- contents (the ones I'd write with a "git-write-tree")
+ contents (the ones I'd write using 'git-write-tree')
For example, let's say that you have worked on your working directory, updated
some files in the index and are ready to commit. You want to see exactly
*what* you are going to commit, without having to write a new tree
object and compare it that way, and to do that, you just do
- git-diff-index --cached HEAD
+ git diff-index --cached HEAD
Example: let's say I had renamed `commit.c` to `git-commit.c`, and I had
-done an "git-update-index" to make that effective in the index file.
-"git-diff-files" wouldn't show anything at all, since the index file
-matches my working directory. But doing a "git-diff-index" does:
+done an `update-index` to make that effective in the index file.
+`git diff-files` wouldn't show anything at all, since the index file
+matches my working directory. But doing a 'git-diff-index' does:
- torvalds@ppc970:~/git> git-diff-index --cached HEAD
+ torvalds@ppc970:~/git> git diff-index --cached HEAD
-100644 blob 4161aecc6700a2eb579e842af0b7f22b98443f74 commit.c
+100644 blob 4161aecc6700a2eb579e842af0b7f22b98443f74 git-commit.c
You can see easily that the above is a rename.
-In fact, "git-diff-index --cached" *should* always be entirely equivalent to
-actually doing a "git-write-tree" and comparing that. Except this one is much
+In fact, `git diff-index --cached` *should* always be entirely equivalent to
+actually doing a 'git-write-tree' and comparing that. Except this one is much
nicer for the case where you just want to check where you are.
-So doing a "git-diff-index --cached" is basically very useful when you are
+So doing a 'git-diff-index --cached' is basically very useful when you are
asking yourself "what have I already marked for being committed, and
what's the difference to a previous tree".
@@ -82,23 +82,23 @@ Non-cached Mode
---------------
The "non-cached" mode takes a different approach, and is potentially
the more useful of the two in that what it does can't be emulated with
-a "git-write-tree" + "git-diff-tree". Thus that's the default mode.
+a 'git-write-tree' + 'git-diff-tree'. Thus that's the default mode.
The non-cached version asks the question:
show me the differences between HEAD and the currently checked out
tree - index contents _and_ files that aren't up-to-date
which is obviously a very useful question too, since that tells you what
-you *could* commit. Again, the output matches the "git-diff-tree -r"
+you *could* commit. Again, the output matches the 'git-diff-tree -r'
output to a tee, but with a twist.
The twist is that if some file doesn't match the index, we don't have
a backing store thing for it, and we use the magic "all-zero" sha1 to
show that. So let's say that you have edited `kernel/sched.c`, but
-have not actually done a "git-update-index" on it yet - there is no
+have not actually done a 'git-update-index' on it yet - there is no
"object" associated with the new state, and you get:
- torvalds@ppc970:~/v2.6/linux> git-diff-index HEAD
+ torvalds@ppc970:~/v2.6/linux> git diff-index HEAD
*100644->100664 blob 7476bb......->000000...... kernel/sched.c
i.e., it shows that the tree has changed, and that `kernel/sched.c` has is
@@ -106,11 +106,11 @@ not up-to-date and may contain new stuff. The all-zero sha1 means that to
get the real diff, you need to look at the object in the working directory
directly rather than do an object-to-object diff.
-NOTE: As with other commands of this type, "git-diff-index" does not
+NOTE: As with other commands of this type, 'git-diff-index' does not
actually look at the contents of the file at all. So maybe
`kernel/sched.c` hasn't actually changed, and it's just that you
touched it. In either case, it's a note that you need to
-"git-update-index" it to make the index be in sync.
+'git-update-index' it to make the index be in sync.
NOTE: You can have a mixture of files show up as "has been updated"
and "is still dirty in the working directory" together. You can always
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt
index 5d23985..4e83067 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-diff-tree - Compares the content and mode of blobs found via two tree object
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-diff-tree' [--stdin] [-m] [-s] [-v] [--no-commit-id] [--pretty]
+'git diff-tree' [--stdin] [-m] [-s] [-v] [--no-commit-id] [--pretty]
[-t] [-r] [-c | --cc] [--root] [<common diff options>]
<tree-ish> [<tree-ish>] [<path>...]
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ Compares the content and mode of the blobs found via two tree objects.
If there is only one <tree-ish> given, the commit is compared with its parents
(see --stdin below).
-Note that "git-diff-tree" can use the tree encapsulated in a commit object.
+Note that 'git-diff-tree' can use the tree encapsulated in a commit object.
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ include::diff-options.txt[]
show tree entry itself as well as subtrees. Implies -r.
--root::
- When '--root' is specified the initial commit will be showed as a big
+ When '--root' is specified the initial commit will be shown as a big
creation event. This is equivalent to a diff against the NULL tree.
--stdin::
@@ -58,25 +58,25 @@ behavior. The remaining commits, when given, are used as if they are
parents of the first commit.
-m::
- By default, "git-diff-tree --stdin" does not show
+ By default, 'git-diff-tree --stdin' does not show
differences for merge commits. With this flag, it shows
differences to that commit from all of its parents. See
also '-c'.
-s::
- By default, "git-diff-tree --stdin" shows differences,
+ By default, 'git-diff-tree --stdin' shows differences,
either in machine-readable form (without '-p') or in patch
form (with '-p'). This output can be suppressed. It is
only useful with '-v' flag.
-v::
- This flag causes "git-diff-tree --stdin" to also show
+ This flag causes 'git-diff-tree --stdin' to also show
the commit message before the differences.
include::pretty-options.txt[]
--no-commit-id::
- git-diff-tree outputs a line with the commit ID when
+ 'git-diff-tree' outputs a line with the commit ID when
applicable. This flag suppressed the commit ID output.
-c::
@@ -112,13 +112,13 @@ Limiting Output
If you're only interested in differences in a subset of files, for
example some architecture-specific files, you might do:
- git-diff-tree -r <tree-ish> <tree-ish> arch/ia64 include/asm-ia64
+ git diff-tree -r <tree-ish> <tree-ish> arch/ia64 include/asm-ia64
and it will only show you what changed in those two directories.
Or if you are searching for what changed in just `kernel/sched.c`, just do
- git-diff-tree -r <tree-ish> <tree-ish> kernel/sched.c
+ git diff-tree -r <tree-ish> <tree-ish> kernel/sched.c
and it will ignore all differences to other files.
@@ -129,7 +129,7 @@ so it can be used to name subdirectories.
An example of normal usage is:
- torvalds@ppc970:~/git> git-diff-tree 5319e4......
+ torvalds@ppc970:~/git> git diff-tree 5319e4......
*100664->100664 blob ac348b.......->a01513....... git-fsck-objects.c
which tells you that the last commit changed just one file (it's from
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff.txt b/Documentation/git-diff.txt
index 7acd428..c53eba5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff.txt
@@ -8,14 +8,14 @@ git-diff - Show changes between commits, commit and working tree, etc
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-diff' [<common diff options>] <commit>{0,2} [--] [<path>...]
+'git diff' [<common diff options>] <commit>{0,2} [--] [<path>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Show changes between two trees, a tree and the working tree, a
tree and the index file, or the index file and the working tree.
-'git-diff' [--options] [--] [<path>...]::
+'git diff' [--options] [--] [<path>...]::
This form is to view the changes you made relative to
the index (staging area for the next commit). In other
@@ -27,14 +27,14 @@ If exactly two paths are given, and at least one is untracked,
compare the two files / directories. This behavior can be
forced by --no-index.
-'git-diff' [--options] --cached [<commit>] [--] [<path>...]::
+'git diff' [--options] --cached [<commit>] [--] [<path>...]::
This form is to view the changes you staged for the next
commit relative to the named <commit>. Typically you
would want comparison with the latest commit, so if you
do not give <commit>, it defaults to HEAD.
-'git-diff' [--options] <commit> [--] [<path>...]::
+'git diff' [--options] <commit> [--] [<path>...]::
This form is to view the changes you have in your
working tree relative to the named <commit>. You can
@@ -42,23 +42,23 @@ forced by --no-index.
branch name to compare with the tip of a different
branch.
-'git-diff' [--options] <commit> <commit> [--] [<path>...]::
+'git diff' [--options] <commit> <commit> [--] [<path>...]::
This is to view the changes between two arbitrary
<commit>.
-'git-diff' [--options] <commit>..<commit> [--] [<path>...]::
+'git diff' [--options] <commit>..<commit> [--] [<path>...]::
This is synonymous to the previous form. If <commit> on
one side is omitted, it will have the same effect as
using HEAD instead.
-'git-diff' [--options] <commit>\...<commit> [--] [<path>...]::
+'git diff' [--options] <commit>\...<commit> [--] [<path>...]::
This form is to view the changes on the branch containing
and up to the second <commit>, starting at a common ancestor
- of both <commit>. "git-diff A\...B" is equivalent to
- "git-diff $(git-merge-base A B) B". You can omit any one
+ of both <commit>. "git diff A\...B" is equivalent to
+ "git diff $(git-merge-base A B) B". You can omit any one
of <commit>, which has the same effect as using HEAD instead.
Just in case if you are doing something exotic, it should be
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
index 332346c..539decb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
@@ -8,23 +8,23 @@ git-fast-export - Git data exporter
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-fast-export [options]' | 'git-fast-import'
+'git fast-export [options]' | 'git fast-import'
DESCRIPTION
-----------
This program dumps the given revisions in a form suitable to be piped
-into linkgit:git-fast-import[1].
+into 'git-fast-import'.
You can use it as a human readable bundle replacement (see
linkgit:git-bundle[1]), or as a kind of an interactive
-linkgit:git-filter-branch[1].
+'git-filter-branch'.
OPTIONS
-------
--progress=<n>::
Insert 'progress' statements every <n> objects, to be shown by
- linkgit:git-fast-import[1] during import.
+ 'git-fast-import' during import.
--signed-tags=(verbatim|warn|strip|abort)::
Specify how to handle signed tags. Since any transformation
@@ -36,6 +36,41 @@ when encountering a signed tag. With 'strip', the tags will be made
unsigned, with 'verbatim', they will be silently exported
and with 'warn', they will be exported, but you will see a warning.
+-M::
+-C::
+ Perform move and/or copy detection, as described in the
+ linkgit:git-diff[1] manual page, and use it to generate
+ rename and copy commands in the output dump.
++
+Note that earlier versions of this command did not complain and
+produced incorrect results if you gave these options.
+
+--export-marks=<file>::
+ Dumps the internal marks table to <file> when complete.
+ Marks are written one per line as `:markid SHA-1`. Only marks
+ for revisions are dumped; marks for blobs are ignored.
+ Backends can use this file to validate imports after they
+ have been completed, or to save the marks table across
+ incremental runs. As <file> is only opened and truncated
+ at completion, the same path can also be safely given to
+ \--import-marks.
+
+--import-marks=<file>::
+ Before processing any input, load the marks specified in
+ <file>. The input file must exist, must be readable, and
+ must use the same format as produced by \--export-marks.
++
+Any commits that have already been marked will not be exported again.
+If the backend uses a similar \--import-marks file, this allows for
+incremental bidirectional exporting of the repository by keeping the
+marks the same across runs.
+
+--fake-missing-tagger::
+ Some old repositories have tags without a tagger. The
+ fast-import protocol was pretty strict about that, and did not
+ allow that. So fake a tagger to be able to fast-import the
+ output.
+
EXAMPLES
--------
@@ -65,7 +100,7 @@ referenced by that revision range contains the string
Limitations
-----------
-Since linkgit:git-fast-import[1] cannot tag trees, you will not be
+Since 'git-fast-import' cannot tag trees, you will not be
able to export the linux-2.6.git repository completely, as it contains
a tag referencing a tree instead of a commit.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
index 395c055..c2f483a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-import.txt
@@ -8,14 +8,14 @@ git-fast-import - Backend for fast Git data importers
SYNOPSIS
--------
-frontend | 'git-fast-import' [options]
+frontend | 'git fast-import' [options]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
This program is usually not what the end user wants to run directly.
Most end users want to use one of the existing frontend programs,
which parses a specific type of foreign source and feeds the contents
-stored there to git-fast-import.
+stored there to 'git-fast-import'.
fast-import reads a mixed command/data stream from standard input and
writes one or more packfiles directly into the current repository.
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ updated branch and tag refs, fully updating the current repository
with the newly imported data.
The fast-import backend itself can import into an empty repository (one that
-has already been initialized by linkgit:git-init[1]) or incrementally
+has already been initialized by 'git-init') or incrementally
update an existing populated repository. Whether or not incremental
imports are supported from a particular foreign source depends on
the frontend program in use.
@@ -82,11 +82,11 @@ OPTIONS
This information may be useful after importing projects
whose total object set exceeds the 4 GiB packfile limit,
as these commits can be used as edge points during calls
- to linkgit:git-pack-objects[1].
+ to 'git-pack-objects'.
--quiet::
Disable all non-fatal output, making fast-import silent when it
- is successful. This option disables the output shown by
+ is successful. This option disables the output shown by
\--stats.
--stats::
@@ -124,9 +124,9 @@ an ideal situation, given that most conversion tools are throw-away
Parallel Operation
------------------
-Like `git-push` or `git-fetch`, imports handled by fast-import are safe to
+Like 'git-push' or 'git-fetch', imports handled by fast-import are safe to
run alongside parallel `git repack -a -d` or `git gc` invocations,
-or any other Git operation (including `git prune`, as loose objects
+or any other Git operation (including 'git-prune', as loose objects
are never used by fast-import).
fast-import does not lock the branch or tag refs it is actively importing.
@@ -220,7 +220,7 @@ variation in formatting will cause fast-import to reject the value.
+
An example value is ``Tue Feb 6 11:22:18 2007 -0500''. The Git
parser is accurate, but a little on the lenient side. It is the
-same parser used by linkgit:git-am[1] when applying patches
+same parser used by 'git-am' when applying patches
received from email.
+
Some malformed strings may be accepted as valid dates. In some of
@@ -256,7 +256,7 @@ timezone.
This particular format is supplied as its short to implement and
may be useful to a process that wants to create a new commit
right now, without needing to use a working directory or
-linkgit:git-update-index[1].
+'git-update-index'.
+
If separate `author` and `committer` commands are used in a `commit`
the timestamps may not match, as the system clock will be polled
@@ -481,6 +481,9 @@ in octal. Git only supports the following modes:
what you want.
* `100755` or `755`: A normal, but executable, file.
* `120000`: A symlink, the content of the file will be the link target.
+* `160000`: A gitlink, SHA-1 of the object refers to a commit in
+ another repository. Git links can only be specified by SHA or through
+ a commit mark. They are used to implement submodules.
In both formats `<path>` is the complete path of the file to be added
(if not already existing) or modified (if already existing).
@@ -654,7 +657,7 @@ recommended, as the frontend does not (easily) have access to the
complete set of bytes which normally goes into such a signature.
If signing is required, create lightweight tags from within fast-import with
`reset`, then create the annotated versions of those tags offline
-with the standard linkgit:git-tag[1] process.
+with the standard 'git-tag' process.
`reset`
~~~~~~~
@@ -803,7 +806,7 @@ Callers may wish to process the output through a tool such as sed to
remove the leading part of the line, for example:
====
- frontend | git-fast-import | sed 's/^progress //'
+ frontend | git fast-import | sed 's/^progress //'
====
Placing a `progress` command immediately after a `checkpoint` will
@@ -851,7 +854,7 @@ An example crash:
M 777 inline bob
END_OF_INPUT
- $ git-fast-import <in
+ $ git fast-import <in
fatal: Corrupt mode: M 777 inline bob
fast-import: dumping crash report to .git/fast_import_crash_8434
@@ -955,7 +958,7 @@ is not `refs/heads/TAG_FIXUP`).
When committing fixups, consider using `merge` to connect the
commit(s) which are supplying file revisions to the fixup branch.
-Doing so will allow tools such as linkgit:git-blame[1] to track
+Doing so will allow tools such as 'git-blame' to track
through the real commit history and properly annotate the source
files.
@@ -984,7 +987,7 @@ Repacking Historical Data
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
If you are repacking very old imported data (e.g. older than the
last year), consider expending some extra CPU time and supplying
-\--window=50 (or higher) when you run linkgit:git-repack[1].
+\--window=50 (or higher) when you run 'git-repack'.
This will take longer, but will also produce a smaller packfile.
You only need to expend the effort once, and everyone using your
project will benefit from the smaller repository.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
index 282fcaf..47448da 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
@@ -8,14 +8,14 @@ git-fetch-pack - Receive missing objects from another repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-fetch-pack' [--all] [--quiet|-q] [--keep|-k] [--thin] [--include-tag] [--upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>] [--depth=<n>] [--no-progress] [-v] [<host>:]<directory> [<refs>...]
+'git fetch-pack' [--all] [--quiet|-q] [--keep|-k] [--thin] [--include-tag] [--upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>] [--depth=<n>] [--no-progress] [-v] [<host>:]<directory> [<refs>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Usually you would want to use linkgit:git-fetch[1] which is a
-higher level wrapper of this command instead.
+Usually you would want to use 'git-fetch', which is a
+higher level wrapper of this command, instead.
-Invokes 'git-upload-pack' on a potentially remote repository,
+Invokes 'git-upload-pack' on a possibly remote repository
and asks it to send objects missing from this repository, to
update the named heads. The list of commits available locally
is found out by scanning local $GIT_DIR/refs/ and sent to
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
index 4fae7fb..d3164c5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-fetch - Download objects and refs from another repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-fetch' <options> <repository> <refspec>...
+'git fetch' <options> <repository> <refspec>...
DESCRIPTION
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@ the objects necessary to complete them.
The ref names and their object names of fetched refs are stored
in `.git/FETCH_HEAD`. This information is left for a later merge
-operation done by "git merge".
+operation done by 'git-merge'.
When <refspec> stores the fetched result in tracking branches,
the tags that point at these branches are automatically
diff --git a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
index ea77f1f..b0e710d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
@@ -8,12 +8,12 @@ git-filter-branch - Rewrite branches
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-filter-branch' [--env-filter <command>] [--tree-filter <command>]
+'git filter-branch' [--env-filter <command>] [--tree-filter <command>]
[--index-filter <command>] [--parent-filter <command>]
[--msg-filter <command>] [--commit-filter <command>]
[--tag-name-filter <command>] [--subdirectory-filter <directory>]
[--original <namespace>] [-d <directory>] [-f | --force]
- [<rev-list options>...]
+ [--] [<rev-list options>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ OPTIONS
This is the filter for rewriting the commit's parent list.
It will receive the parent string on stdin and shall output
the new parent string on stdout. The parent string is in
- a format accepted by linkgit:git-commit-tree[1]: empty for
+ the format described in linkgit:git-commit-tree[1]: empty for
the initial commit, "-p parent" for a normal commit and
"-p parent1 -p parent2 -p parent3 ..." for a merge commit.
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ OPTIONS
--commit-filter <command>::
This is the filter for performing the commit.
If this filter is specified, it will be called instead of the
- linkgit:git-commit-tree[1] command, with arguments of the form
+ 'git-commit-tree' command, with arguments of the form
"<TREE_ID> [-p <PARENT_COMMIT_ID>]..." and the log message on
stdin. The commit id is expected on stdout.
+
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@ have all of them as parents.
You can use the 'map' convenience function in this filter, and other
convenience functions, too. For example, calling 'skip_commit "$@"'
will leave out the current commit (but not its changes! If you want
-that, use linkgit:git-rebase[1] instead).
+that, use 'git-rebase' instead).
--tag-name-filter <command>::
This is the filter for rewriting tag names. When passed,
@@ -163,15 +163,15 @@ to other tags will be rewritten to point to the underlying commit.
-f::
--force::
- `git filter-branch` refuses to start with an existing temporary
+ 'git-filter-branch' refuses to start with an existing temporary
directory or when there are already refs starting with
'refs/original/', unless forced.
-<rev-list-options>::
- When options are given after the new branch name, they will
- be passed to linkgit:git-rev-list[1]. Only commits in the resulting
- output will be filtered, although the filtered commits can still
- reference parents which are outside of that set.
+<rev-list options>...::
+ Arguments for 'git-rev-list'. All positive refs included by
+ these options are rewritten. You may also specify options
+ such as '--all', but you must use '--' to separate them from
+ the 'git-filter-branch' options.
Examples
@@ -191,11 +191,22 @@ Thus you may instead want to use `rm -f filename` as the script.
A significantly faster version:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
-git filter-branch --index-filter 'git update-index --remove filename' HEAD
+git filter-branch --index-filter 'git rm --cached filename' HEAD
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Now, you will get the rewritten history saved in HEAD.
+To rewrite the repository to look as if `foodir/` had been its project
+root, and discard all other history:
+
+-------------------------------------------------------
+git filter-branch --subdirectory-filter foodir -- --all
+-------------------------------------------------------
+
+Thus you can, e.g., turn a library subdirectory into a repository of
+its own. Note the `\--` that separates 'filter-branch' options from
+revision options, and the `\--all` to rewrite all branches and tags.
+
To set a commit (which typically is at the tip of another
history) to be the parent of the current initial commit, in
order to paste the other history behind the current history:
@@ -255,7 +266,7 @@ and all children of the merge will become merge commits with P1,P2
as their parents instead of the merge commit.
You can rewrite the commit log messages using `--msg-filter`. For
-example, `git-svn-id` strings in a repository created by `git-svn` can
+example, 'git-svn-id' strings in a repository created by 'git-svn' can
be removed this way:
-------------------------------------------------------
@@ -266,13 +277,13 @@ git filter-branch --msg-filter '
To restrict rewriting to only part of the history, specify a revision
range in addition to the new branch name. The new branch name will
-point to the top-most revision that a 'git rev-list' of this range
+point to the top-most revision that a 'git-rev-list' of this range
will print.
*NOTE* the changes introduced by the commits, and which are not reverted
by subsequent commits, will still be in the rewritten branch. If you want
to throw out _changes_ together with the commits, you should use the
-interactive mode of linkgit:git-rebase[1].
+interactive mode of 'git-rebase'.
Consider this history:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
index 222052f..1c24796 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
@@ -9,17 +9,17 @@ git-fmt-merge-msg - Produce a merge commit message
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-git-fmt-merge-msg [--log | --no-log] <$GIT_DIR/FETCH_HEAD
-git-fmt-merge-msg [--log | --no-log] -F <file>
+'git fmt-merge-msg' [--log | --no-log] <$GIT_DIR/FETCH_HEAD
+'git fmt-merge-msg' [--log | --no-log] -F <file>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Takes the list of merged objects on stdin and produces a suitable
commit message to be used for the merge commit, usually to be
-passed as the '<merge-message>' argument of `git-merge`.
+passed as the '<merge-message>' argument of 'git-merge'.
This script is intended mostly for internal use by scripts
-automatically invoking `git-merge`.
+automatically invoking 'git-merge'.
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
index b347bfb..ebd7c5f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-for-each-ref - Output information on each ref
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-for-each-ref' [--count=<count>] [--shell|--perl|--python|--tcl]
+'git for-each-ref' [--count=<count>] [--shell|--perl|--python|--tcl]
[--sort=<key>]\* [--format=<format>] [<pattern>...]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ DESCRIPTION
Iterate over all refs that match `<pattern>` and show them
according to the given `<format>`, after sorting them according
-to the given set of `<key>`. If `<max>` is given, stop after
+to the given set of `<key>`. If `<count>` is given, stop after
showing that many refs. The interpolated values in `<format>`
can optionally be quoted as string literals in the specified
host language allowing their direct evaluation in that language.
@@ -47,9 +47,9 @@ OPTIONS
`xx`; for example `%00` interpolates to `\0` (NUL),
`%09` to `\t` (TAB) and `%0a` to `\n` (LF).
-<pattern>::
+<pattern>...::
If one or more patterns are given, only refs are shown that
- match againt at least one pattern, either using fnmatch(3) or
+ match against at least one pattern, either using fnmatch(3) or
literally, in the latter case matching completely or from the
beginning up to a slash.
@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ objecttype::
The type of the object (`blob`, `tree`, `commit`, `tag`).
objectsize::
- The size of the object (the same as `git-cat-file -s` reports).
+ The size of the object (the same as 'git-cat-file -s' reports).
objectname::
The object name (aka SHA-1).
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@ An example directly producing formatted text. Show the most recent
------------
#!/bin/sh
-git-for-each-ref --count=3 --sort='-*authordate' \
+git for-each-ref --count=3 --sort='-*authordate' \
--format='From: %(*authorname) %(*authoremail)
Subject: %(*subject)
Date: %(*authordate)
@@ -135,7 +135,7 @@ demonstrating the use of --shell. List the prefixes of all heads::
------------
#!/bin/sh
-git-for-each-ref --shell --format="ref=%(refname)" refs/heads | \
+git for-each-ref --shell --format="ref=%(refname)" refs/heads | \
while read entry
do
eval "$entry"
@@ -189,7 +189,7 @@ Its message reads as:
fi
'
-eval=`git-for-each-ref --shell --format="$fmt" \
+eval=`git for-each-ref --shell --format="$fmt" \
--sort='*objecttype' \
--sort=-taggerdate \
refs/tags`
diff --git a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
index ee27eff..7426109 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-format-patch - Prepare patches for e-mail submission
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-format-patch' [-k] [-o <dir> | --stdout] [--thread]
+'git format-patch' [-k] [-o <dir> | --stdout] [--thread]
[--attach[=<boundary>] | --inline[=<boundary>]]
[-s | --signoff] [<common diff options>]
[-n | --numbered | -N | --no-numbered]
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ DESCRIPTION
Prepare each commit with its patch in
one file per commit, formatted to resemble UNIX mailbox format.
The output of this command is convenient for e-mail submission or
-for use with linkgit:git-am[1].
+for use with 'git-am'.
There are two ways to specify which commits to operate on.
@@ -46,7 +46,8 @@ applies to that command line and you do not get "everything
since the beginning of the time". If you want to format
everything since project inception to one commit, say "git
format-patch \--root <commit>" to make it clear that it is the
-latter case.
+latter case. If you want to format a single commit, you can do
+this with "git format-patch -1 <commit>".
By default, each output file is numbered sequentially from 1, and uses the
first line of the commit message (massaged for pathname safety) as
@@ -61,7 +62,7 @@ they are created in the current working directory.
If -n is specified, instead of "[PATCH] Subject", the first line
is formatted as "[PATCH n/m] Subject".
-If given --thread, git-format-patch will generate In-Reply-To and
+If given --thread, 'git-format-patch' will generate In-Reply-To and
References headers to make the second and subsequent patch mails appear
as replies to the first mail; this also generates a Message-Id header to
reference.
@@ -147,9 +148,9 @@ include::diff-options.txt[]
to any configured headers, and may be used multiple times.
--cover-letter::
- Generate a cover letter template. You still have to fill in
- a description, but the shortlog and the diffstat will be
- generated for you.
+ In addition to the patches, generate a cover letter file
+ containing the shortlog and the overall diffstat. You can
+ fill in a description in the file before sending it out.
--suffix=.<sfx>::
Instead of using `.patch` as the suffix for generated
@@ -175,10 +176,10 @@ and file suffix, and number patches when outputting more than one.
------------
[format]
- headers = "Organization: git-foo\n"
- subjectprefix = CHANGE
- suffix = .txt
- numbered = auto
+ headers = "Organization: git-foo\n"
+ subjectprefix = CHANGE
+ suffix = .txt
+ numbered = auto
cc = <email>
------------
@@ -187,10 +188,10 @@ EXAMPLES
--------
* Extract commits between revisions R1 and R2, and apply them on top of
-the current branch using `git-am` to cherry-pick them:
+the current branch using 'git-am' to cherry-pick them:
+
------------
-$ git format-patch -k --stdout R1..R2 | git-am -3 -k
+$ git format-patch -k --stdout R1..R2 | git am -3 -k
------------
* Extract all commits which are in the current branch but not in the
@@ -206,7 +207,7 @@ For each commit a separate file is created in the current directory.
project:
+
------------
-$ git format-patch \--root origin
+$ git format-patch --root origin
------------
* The same as the previous one:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fsck-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-fsck-objects.txt
index 6e9f717..965a827 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fsck-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fsck-objects.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-fsck-objects - Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-fsck-objects' ...
+'git fsck-objects' ...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
index 9846c85..287c4fc 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-fsck - Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-fsck' [--tags] [--root] [--unreachable] [--cache] [--no-reflogs]
+'git fsck' [--tags] [--root] [--unreachable] [--cache] [--no-reflogs]
[--full] [--strict] [--verbose] [--lost-found] [<object>*]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@ OPTIONS
<object>::
An object to treat as the head of an unreachability trace.
+
-If no objects are given, git-fsck defaults to using the
+If no objects are given, 'git-fsck' defaults to using the
index file, all SHA1 references in .git/refs/*, and all reflogs (unless
--no-reflogs is given) as heads.
@@ -79,15 +79,16 @@ that aren't readable from any of the specified head nodes.
So for example
- git-fsck --unreachable HEAD $(cat .git/refs/heads/*)
+ git fsck --unreachable HEAD \
+ $(git for-each-ref --format="%(objectname)" refs/heads)
will do quite a _lot_ of verification on the tree. There are a few
extra validity tests to be added (make sure that tree objects are
-sorted properly etc), but on the whole if "git-fsck" is happy, you
+sorted properly etc), but on the whole if 'git-fsck' is happy, you
do have a valid tree.
Any corrupt objects you will have to find in backups or other archives
-(i.e., you can just remove them and do an "rsync" with some other site in
+(i.e., you can just remove them and do an 'rsync' with some other site in
the hopes that somebody else has the object you have corrupted).
Of course, "valid tree" doesn't mean that it wasn't generated by some
diff --git a/Documentation/git-gc.txt b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
index 6ace615..7086eea 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-gc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
@@ -8,20 +8,20 @@ git-gc - Cleanup unnecessary files and optimize the local repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-gc' [--aggressive] [--auto] [--quiet]
+'git gc' [--aggressive] [--auto] [--quiet]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Runs a number of housekeeping tasks within the current repository,
such as compressing file revisions (to reduce disk space and increase
performance) and removing unreachable objects which may have been
-created from prior invocations of linkgit:git-add[1].
+created from prior invocations of 'git-add'.
Users are encouraged to run this task on a regular basis within
each repository to maintain good disk space utilization and good
operating performance.
-Some git commands may automatically run `git-gc`; see the `--auto` flag
+Some git commands may automatically run 'git-gc'; see the `--auto` flag
below for details. If you know what you're doing and all you want is to
disable this behavior permanently without further considerations, just do:
@@ -35,13 +35,13 @@ OPTIONS
--aggressive::
Usually 'git-gc' runs very quickly while providing good disk
space utilization and performance. This option will cause
- git-gc to more aggressively optimize the repository at the expense
+ 'git-gc' to more aggressively optimize the repository at the expense
of taking much more time. The effects of this optimization are
persistent, so this option only needs to be used occasionally; every
few hundred changesets or so.
--auto::
- With this option, `git gc` checks whether any housekeeping is
+ With this option, 'git-gc' checks whether any housekeeping is
required; if not, it exits without performing any work.
Some git commands run `git gc --auto` after performing
operations that could create many loose objects.
@@ -50,13 +50,13 @@ Housekeeping is required if there are too many loose objects or
too many packs in the repository. If the number of loose objects
exceeds the value of the `gc.auto` configuration variable, then
all loose objects are combined into a single pack using
-`git-repack -d -l`. Setting the value of `gc.auto` to 0
+'git-repack -d -l'. Setting the value of `gc.auto` to 0
disables automatic packing of loose objects.
+
If the number of packs exceeds the value of `gc.autopacklimit`,
then existing packs (except those marked with a `.keep` file)
are consolidated into a single pack by using the `-A` option of
-`git-repack`. Setting `gc.autopacklimit` to 0 disables
+'git-repack'. Setting `gc.autopacklimit` to 0 disables
automatic consolidation of packs.
--quiet::
@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ how long records of conflicted merge you have not resolved are
kept. This defaults to 15 days.
The optional configuration variable 'gc.packrefs' determines if
-`git gc` runs `git-pack-refs`. This can be set to "nobare" to enable
+'git-gc' runs 'git-pack-refs'. This can be set to "nobare" to enable
it within all non-bare repos or it can be set to a boolean value.
This defaults to true.
@@ -108,10 +108,10 @@ default is "2 weeks ago".
Notes
-----
-git-gc tries very hard to be safe about the garbage it collects. In
+'git-gc' tries very hard to be safe about the garbage it collects. In
particular, it will keep not only objects referenced by your current set
of branches and tags, but also objects referenced by the index, remote
-tracking branches, refs saved by linkgit:git-filter-branch[1] in
+tracking branches, refs saved by 'git-filter-branch' in
refs/original/, or reflogs (which may references commits in branches
that were later amended or rewound).
diff --git a/Documentation/git-get-tar-commit-id.txt b/Documentation/git-get-tar-commit-id.txt
index c13bf98..84f23ee 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-get-tar-commit-id.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-get-tar-commit-id.txt
@@ -8,18 +8,18 @@ git-get-tar-commit-id - Extract commit ID from an archive created using git-arch
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-get-tar-commit-id' < <tarfile>
+'git get-tar-commit-id' < <tarfile>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Acts as a filter, extracting the commit ID stored in archives created by
-linkgit:git-archive[1]. It reads only the first 1024 bytes of input, thus its
+'git-archive'. It reads only the first 1024 bytes of input, thus its
runtime is not influenced by the size of <tarfile> very much.
-If no commit ID is found, git-get-tar-commit-id quietly exists with a
+If no commit ID is found, 'git-get-tar-commit-id' quietly exists with a
return code of 1. This can happen if <tarfile> had not been created
-using git-archive or if the first parameter of git-archive had been
+using 'git-archive' or if the first parameter of 'git-archive' had been
a tree ID instead of a commit ID or tag.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-grep.txt b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
index 1b646b7..fa4d133 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-grep.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-grep - Print lines matching a pattern
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-grep' [--cached]
+'git grep' [--cached]
[-a | --text] [-I] [-i | --ignore-case] [-w | --word-regexp]
[-v | --invert-match] [-h|-H] [--full-name]
[-E | --extended-regexp] [-G | --basic-regexp]
@@ -91,7 +91,7 @@ OPTIONS
--files-without-match::
Instead of showing every matched line, show only the
names of files that contain (or do not contain) matches.
- For better compatibility with git-diff, --name-only is a
+ For better compatibility with 'git-diff', --name-only is a
synonym for --files-with-matches.
-c::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-gui.txt b/Documentation/git-gui.txt
index 105397f..0e650f4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-gui.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-gui.txt
@@ -11,19 +11,19 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-A Tcl/Tk based graphical user interface to Git. git-gui focuses
+A Tcl/Tk based graphical user interface to Git. 'git-gui' focuses
on allowing users to make changes to their repository by making
new commits, amending existing ones, creating branches, performing
local merges, and fetching/pushing to remote repositories.
-Unlike linkgit:gitk[1], git-gui focuses on commit generation
-and single file annotation, and does not show project history.
-It does however supply menu actions to start a gitk session from
-within git-gui.
+Unlike 'gitk', 'git-gui' focuses on commit generation
+and single file annotation and does not show project history.
+It does however supply menu actions to start a 'gitk' session from
+within 'git-gui'.
-git-gui is known to work on all popular UNIX systems, Mac OS X,
+'git-gui' is known to work on all popular UNIX systems, Mac OS X,
and Windows (under both Cygwin and MSYS). To the extent possible
-OS specific user interface guidelines are followed, making git-gui
+OS specific user interface guidelines are followed, making 'git-gui'
a fairly native interface for users.
COMMANDS
@@ -34,17 +34,17 @@ blame::
browser::
Start a tree browser showing all files in the specified
- commit (or 'HEAD' by default). Files selected through the
+ commit (or 'HEAD' by default). Files selected through the
browser are opened in the blame viewer.
citool::
- Start git-gui and arrange to make exactly one commit before
+ Start 'git-gui' and arrange to make exactly one commit before
exiting and returning to the shell. The interface is limited
to only commit actions, slightly reducing the application's
startup time and simplifying the menubar.
version::
- Display the currently running version of git-gui.
+ Display the currently running version of 'git-gui'.
Examples
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ git gui blame Makefile::
git gui blame v0.99.8 Makefile::
Show the contents of 'Makefile' in revision 'v0.99.8'
- and provide annotations for each line. Unlike the above
+ and provide annotations for each line. Unlike the above
example the file is read from the object database and not
the working directory.
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ git gui citool::
git citool::
- Same as 'git gui citool' (above).
+ Same as `git gui citool` (above).
git gui browser maint::
@@ -84,15 +84,15 @@ SEE ALSO
linkgit:gitk[1]::
The git repository browser. Shows branches, commit history
and file differences. gitk is the utility started by
- git-gui's Repository Visualize actions.
+ 'git-gui''s Repository Visualize actions.
Other
-----
-git-gui is actually maintained as an independent project, but stable
+'git-gui' is actually maintained as an independent project, but stable
versions are distributed as part of the Git suite for the convenience
of end users.
-A git-gui development repository can be obtained from:
+A 'git-gui' development repository can be obtained from:
git clone git://repo.or.cz/git-gui.git
diff --git a/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt b/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
index 1abcd96..ac928e1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-hash-object.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-hash-object - Compute object ID and optionally creates a blob from a file
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] [--stdin | --stdin-paths] [--] <file>...
+'git hash-object' [-t <type>] [-w] [--stdin | --stdin-paths] [--] <file>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ Computes the object ID value for an object with specified type
with the contents of the named file (which can be outside of the
work tree), and optionally writes the resulting object into the
object database. Reports its object ID to its standard output.
-This is used by "git-cvsimport" to update the index
+This is used by 'git-cvsimport' to update the index
without modifying files in the work tree. When <type> is not
specified, it defaults to "blob".
diff --git a/Documentation/git-help.txt b/Documentation/git-help.txt
index faecd6b..f414583 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-help.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-help.txt
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ If a git command is named, a manual page for that command is brought
up. The 'man' program is used by default for this purpose, but this
can be overridden by other options or configuration variables.
-Note that 'git --help ...' is identical as 'git help ...' because the
+Note that `git --help ...` is identical to `git help ...` because the
former is internally converted into the latter.
OPTIONS
@@ -120,7 +120,7 @@ man.<tool>.path
You can explicitly provide a full path to your preferred man viewer by
setting the configuration variable 'man.<tool>.path'. For example, you
can configure the absolute path to konqueror by setting
-'man.konqueror.path'. Otherwise, 'git help' assumes the tool is
+'man.konqueror.path'. Otherwise, 'git-help' assumes the tool is
available in PATH.
man.<tool>.cmd
diff --git a/Documentation/git-http-fetch.txt b/Documentation/git-http-fetch.txt
index 70fb635..e7c7961 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-http-fetch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-http-fetch.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-http-fetch - Download from a remote git repository via HTTP
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-http-fetch' [-c] [-t] [-a] [-d] [-v] [-w filename] [--recover] [--stdin] <commit> <url>
+'git http-fetch' [-c] [-t] [-a] [-d] [-v] [-w filename] [--recover] [--stdin] <commit> <url>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-http-push.txt b/Documentation/git-http-push.txt
index d69b205..aef383e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-http-push.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-http-push.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-http-push - Push objects over HTTP/DAV to another repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-http-push' [--all] [--dry-run] [--force] [--verbose] <url> <ref> [<ref>...]
+'git http-push' [--all] [--dry-run] [--force] [--verbose] <url> <ref> [<ref>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt b/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
index f4fdc24..b3d8da3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-imap-send.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-imap-send - Dump a mailbox from stdin into an imap folder
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-imap-send'
+'git imap-send'
DESCRIPTION
@@ -20,13 +20,13 @@ files directly.
Typical usage is something like:
-git-format-patch --signoff --stdout --attach origin | git-imap-send
+git format-patch --signoff --stdout --attach origin | git imap-send
CONFIGURATION
-------------
-git-imap-send requires the following values in the repository
+'git-imap-send' requires the following values in the repository
configuration file (shown with examples):
..........................
diff --git a/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
index 6409363..4b5c743 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@ git-index-pack - Build pack index file for an existing packed archive
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-index-pack' [-v] [-o <index-file>] <pack-file>
-'git-index-pack' --stdin [--fix-thin] [--keep] [-v] [-o <index-file>]
+'git index-pack' [-v] [-o <index-file>] <pack-file>
+'git index-pack' --stdin [--fix-thin] [--keep] [-v] [-o <index-file>]
[<pack-file>]
@@ -43,10 +43,10 @@ OPTIONS
a default name determined from the pack content. If
<pack-file> is not specified consider using --keep to
prevent a race condition between this process and
- linkgit:git-repack[1].
+ 'git-repack'.
--fix-thin::
- It is possible for linkgit:git-pack-objects[1] to build
+ It is possible for 'git-pack-objects' to build
"thin" pack, which records objects in deltified form based on
objects not included in the pack to reduce network traffic.
Those objects are expected to be present on the receiving end
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ OPTIONS
Before moving the index into its final destination
create an empty .keep file for the associated pack file.
This option is usually necessary with --stdin to prevent a
- simultaneous linkgit:git-repack[1] process from deleting
+ simultaneous 'git-repack' process from deleting
the newly constructed pack and index before refs can be
updated to use objects contained in the pack.
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ Once the index has been created, the list of object names is sorted
and the SHA1 hash of that list is printed to stdout. If --stdin was
also used then this is prefixed by either "pack\t", or "keep\t" if a
new .keep file was successfully created. This is useful to remove a
-.keep file used as a lock to prevent the race with linkgit:git-repack[1]
+.keep file used as a lock to prevent the race with 'git-repack'
mentioned above.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-init-db.txt b/Documentation/git-init-db.txt
index 439cabb..1fd0ff2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-init-db.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-init-db.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-init-db - Creates an empty git repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-init-db' [-q | --quiet] [--template=<template_directory>] [--shared[=<permissions>]]
+'git init-db' [-q | --quiet] [--template=<template_directory>] [--shared[=<permissions>]]
DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-init.txt b/Documentation/git-init.txt
index 792643c..71749c0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-init.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-init.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-init - Create an empty git repository or reinitialize an existing one
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-init' [-q | --quiet] [--bare] [--template=<template_directory>] [--shared[=<permissions>]]
+'git init' [-q | --quiet] [--bare] [--template=<template_directory>] [--shared[=<permissions>]]
OPTIONS
@@ -86,11 +86,11 @@ If the object storage directory is specified via the `$GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY`
environment variable then the sha1 directories are created underneath -
otherwise the default `$GIT_DIR/objects` directory is used.
-Running `git-init` in an existing repository is safe. It will not overwrite
-things that are already there. The primary reason for rerunning `git-init`
+Running 'git-init' in an existing repository is safe. It will not overwrite
+things that are already there. The primary reason for rerunning 'git-init'
is to pick up newly added templates.
-Note that `git-init` is the same as `git-init-db`. The command
+Note that 'git-init' is the same as 'git-init-db'. The command
was primarily meant to initialize the object database, but over
time it has become responsible for setting up the other aspects
of the repository, such as installing the default hooks and
@@ -105,8 +105,8 @@ Start a new git repository for an existing code base::
+
----------------
$ cd /path/to/my/codebase
-$ git-init <1>
-$ git-add . <2>
+$ git init <1>
+$ git add . <2>
----------------
+
<1> prepare /path/to/my/codebase/.git directory
diff --git a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
index 7da5b8d..22da21a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-instaweb.txt
@@ -8,13 +8,13 @@ git-instaweb - Instantly browse your working repository in gitweb
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-instaweb' [--local] [--httpd=<httpd>] [--port=<port>]
+'git instaweb' [--local] [--httpd=<httpd>] [--port=<port>]
[--browser=<browser>]
-'git-instaweb' [--start] [--stop] [--restart]
+'git instaweb' [--start] [--stop] [--restart]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-A simple script to setup gitweb and a web server for browsing the local
+A simple script to set up `gitweb` and a web server for browsing the local
repository.
OPTIONS
diff --git a/Documentation/git-log.txt b/Documentation/git-log.txt
index db61bc9..93a2a22 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-log.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-log.txt
@@ -8,15 +8,15 @@ git-log - Show commit logs
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-log' <option>...
+'git log' [<options>] [<since>..<until>] [[\--] <path>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Shows the commit logs.
-The command takes options applicable to the linkgit:git-rev-list[1]
+The command takes options applicable to the 'git-rev-list'
command to control what is shown and how, and options applicable to
-the linkgit:git-diff-tree[1] commands to control how the changes
+the 'git-diff-*' commands to control how the changes
each commit introduces are shown.
@@ -41,10 +41,10 @@ include::diff-options.txt[]
Print out the ref names of any commits that are shown.
--full-diff::
- Without this flag, "git log -p <paths>..." shows commits that
+ Without this flag, "git log -p <path>..." shows commits that
touch the specified paths, and diffs about the same specified
paths. With this, the full diff is shown for commits that touch
- the specified paths; this means that "<paths>..." limits only
+ the specified paths; this means that "<path>..." limits only
commits, and doesn't limit diff for those commits.
--follow::
@@ -57,8 +57,11 @@ include::diff-options.txt[]
Note that only message is considered, if also a diff is shown
its size is not included.
-<paths>...::
- Show only commits that affect the specified paths.
+[\--] <path>...::
+ Show only commits that affect any of the specified paths. To
+ prevent confusion with options and branch names, paths may need
+ to be prefixed with "\-- " to separate them from options or
+ refnames.
include::rev-list-options.txt[]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-lost-found.txt b/Documentation/git-lost-found.txt
index 4dc475e..602b8d5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-lost-found.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-lost-found.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-lost-found - Recover lost refs that luckily have not yet been pruned
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-lost-found'
+'git lost-found'
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
index 560594e..9f85d60 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-ls-files - Show information about files in the index and the working tree
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-ls-files' [-z] [-t] [-v]
+'git ls-files' [-z] [-t] [-v]
(--[cached|deleted|others|ignored|stage|unmerged|killed|modified])\*
(-[c|d|o|i|s|u|k|m])\*
[-x <pattern>|--exclude=<pattern>]
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ OPTIONS
-s::
--stage::
- Show stage files in the output
+ Show staged contents' object name, mode bits and stage number in the output.
--directory::
If a whole directory is classified as "other", show just its
@@ -143,14 +143,14 @@ which case it outputs:
[<tag> ]<mode> <object> <stage> <file>
-"git-ls-files --unmerged" and "git-ls-files --stage" can be used to examine
+'git-ls-files --unmerged' and 'git-ls-files --stage' can be used to examine
detailed information on unmerged paths.
For an unmerged path, instead of recording a single mode/SHA1 pair,
the index records up to three such pairs; one from tree O in stage
1, A in stage 2, and B in stage 3. This information can be used by
the user (or the porcelain) to see what should eventually be recorded at the
-path. (see git-read-tree for more information on state)
+path. (see linkgit:git-read-tree[1] for more information on state)
When `-z` option is not used, TAB, LF, and backslash characters
in pathnames are represented as `\t`, `\n`, and `\\`,
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
index f282164..abe7bf9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-ls-remote - List references in a remote repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-ls-remote' [--heads] [--tags] [-u <exec> | --upload-pack <exec>]
+'git ls-remote' [--heads] [--tags] [-u <exec> | --upload-pack <exec>]
<repository> <refs>...
DESCRIPTION
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ OPTIONS
-u <exec>::
--upload-pack=<exec>::
- Specify the full path of linkgit:git-upload-pack[1] on the remote
+ Specify the full path of 'git-upload-pack' on the remote
host. This allows listing references from repositories accessed via
SSH and where the SSH daemon does not use the PATH configured by the
user.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt
index 8955b71..4c7262f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-tree.txt
@@ -9,17 +9,27 @@ git-ls-tree - List the contents of a tree object
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-ls-tree' [-d] [-r] [-t] [-l] [-z]
+'git ls-tree' [-d] [-r] [-t] [-l] [-z]
[--name-only] [--name-status] [--full-name] [--abbrev=[<n>]]
<tree-ish> [paths...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Lists the contents of a given tree object, like what "/bin/ls -a" does
-in the current working directory. Note that the usage is subtly different,
-though - 'paths' denote just a list of patterns to match, e.g. so specifying
-directory name (without '-r') will behave differently, and order of the
-arguments does not matter.
+in the current working directory. Note that:
+
+ - the behaviour is slightly different from that of "/bin/ls" in that the
+ 'paths' denote just a list of patterns to match, e.g. so specifying
+ directory name (without '-r') will behave differently, and order of the
+ arguments does not matter.
+
+ - the behaviour is similar to that of "/bin/ls" in that the 'paths' is
+ taken as relative to the current working directory. E.g. when you are
+ in a directory 'sub' that has a directory 'dir', you can run 'git
+ ls-tree -r HEAD dir' to list the contents of the tree (that is
+ 'sub/dir' in 'HEAD'). You don't want to give a tree that is not at the
+ root level (e.g. 'git ls-tree -r HEAD:sub dir') in this case, as that
+ would result in asking for 'sub/sub/dir' in the 'HEAD' commit.
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
index 0b23fae..8d95aaa 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
@@ -8,15 +8,15 @@ git-mailinfo - Extracts patch and authorship from a single e-mail message
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-mailinfo' [-k] [-u | --encoding=<encoding> | -n] <msg> <patch>
+'git mailinfo' [-k] [-u | --encoding=<encoding> | -n] <msg> <patch>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Reading a single e-mail message from the standard input, and
+Reads a single e-mail message from the standard input, and
writes the commit log message in <msg> file, and the patches in
<patch> file. The author name, e-mail and e-mail subject are
-written out to the standard output to be used by git-am
+written out to the standard output to be used by 'git-am'
to create a commit. It is usually not necessary to use this
command directly. See linkgit:git-am[1] instead.
@@ -29,8 +29,8 @@ OPTIONS
among which (1) remove 'Re:' or 're:', (2) leading
whitespaces, (3) '[' up to ']', typically '[PATCH]', and
then prepends "[PATCH] ". This flag forbids this
- munging, and is most useful when used to read back 'git
- format-patch -k' output.
+ munging, and is most useful when used to read back
+ 'git-format-patch -k' output.
-u::
The commit log message, author name and author email are
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mailsplit.txt b/Documentation/git-mailsplit.txt
index 1a0df38..5cc94ec 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mailsplit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mailsplit.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-mailsplit - Simple UNIX mbox splitter program
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-mailsplit' [-b] [-f<nn>] [-d<prec>] -o<directory> [--] [<mbox>|<Maildir>...]
+'git mailsplit' [-b] [-f<nn>] [-d<prec>] -o<directory> [--] [<mbox>|<Maildir>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt
index bbe8512..1a7ecbf 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-base.txt
@@ -8,20 +8,20 @@ git-merge-base - Find as good common ancestors as possible for a merge
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-merge-base' [--all] <commit> <commit>
+'git merge-base' [--all] <commit> <commit>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-"git-merge-base" finds as good a common ancestor as possible between
-the two commits. That is, given two commits A and B 'git-merge-base A
-B' will output a commit which is reachable from both A and B through
+'git-merge-base' finds as good a common ancestor as possible between
+the two commits. That is, given two commits A and B, `git merge-base A
+B` will output a commit which is reachable from both A and B through
the parent relationship.
Given a selection of equally good common ancestors it should not be
relied on to decide in any particular way.
-The "git-merge-base" algorithm is still in flux - use the source...
+The 'git-merge-base' algorithm is still in flux - use the source...
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt
index 149f131..024ec01 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt
@@ -9,21 +9,21 @@ git-merge-file - Run a three-way file merge
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-merge-file' [-L <current-name> [-L <base-name> [-L <other-name>]]]
+'git merge-file' [-L <current-name> [-L <base-name> [-L <other-name>]]]
[-p|--stdout] [-q|--quiet] <current-file> <base-file> <other-file>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-git-file-merge incorporates all changes that lead from the `<base-file>`
+'git-file-merge' incorporates all changes that lead from the `<base-file>`
to `<other-file>` into `<current-file>`. The result ordinarily goes into
-`<current-file>`. git-merge-file is useful for combining separate changes
+`<current-file>`. 'git-merge-file' is useful for combining separate changes
to an original. Suppose `<base-file>` is the original, and both
`<current-file>` and `<other-file>` are modifications of `<base-file>`.
-Then git-merge-file combines both changes.
+Then 'git-merge-file' combines both changes.
A conflict occurs if both `<current-file>` and `<other-file>` have changes
-in a common segment of lines. If a conflict is found, git-merge-file
+in a common segment of lines. If a conflict is found, 'git-merge-file'
normally outputs a warning and brackets the conflict with <<<<<<< and
>>>>>>> lines. A typical conflict will look like this:
@@ -39,8 +39,8 @@ the alternatives.
The exit value of this program is negative on error, and the number of
conflicts otherwise. If the merge was clean, the exit value is 0.
-git-merge-file is designed to be a minimal clone of RCS merge, that is, it
-implements all of RCS merge's functionality which is needed by
+'git-merge-file' is designed to be a minimal clone of RCS 'merge'; that is, it
+implements all of RCS 'merge''s functionality which is needed by
linkgit:git[1].
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ OPTIONS
This option may be given up to three times, and
specifies labels to be used in place of the
corresponding file names in conflict reports. That is,
- `git-merge-file -L x -L y -L z a b c` generates output that
+ `git merge-file -L x -L y -L z a b c` generates output that
looks like it came from files x, y and z instead of
from files a, b and c.
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ Written by Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>
Documentation
--------------
Documentation by Johannes Schindelin and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>,
-with parts copied from the original documentation of RCS merge.
+with parts copied from the original documentation of RCS 'merge'.
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt
index a0ead2b..ff088c5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-merge-index - Run a merge for files needing merging
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-merge-index' [-o] [-q] <merge-program> (-a | [--] <file>\*)
+'git merge-index' [-o] [-q] <merge-program> (-a | [--] <file>\*)
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -36,24 +36,24 @@ OPTIONS
failure usually indicates conflicts during merge). This is for
porcelains which might want to emit custom messages.
-If "git-merge-index" is called with multiple <file>s (or -a) then it
+If 'git-merge-index' is called with multiple <file>s (or -a) then it
processes them in turn only stopping if merge returns a non-zero exit
code.
Typically this is run with a script calling git's imitation of
-the merge command from the RCS package.
+the 'merge' command from the RCS package.
-A sample script called "git-merge-one-file" is included in the
+A sample script called 'git-merge-one-file' is included in the
distribution.
ALERT ALERT ALERT! The git "merge object order" is different from the
-RCS "merge" program merge object order. In the above ordering, the
+RCS 'merge' program merge object order. In the above ordering, the
original is first. But the argument order to the 3-way merge program
-"merge" is to have the original in the middle. Don't ask me why.
+'merge' is to have the original in the middle. Don't ask me why.
Examples:
- torvalds@ppc970:~/merge-test> git-merge-index cat MM
+ torvalds@ppc970:~/merge-test> git merge-index cat MM
This is MM from the original tree. # original
This is modified MM in the branch A. # merge1
This is modified MM in the branch B. # merge2
@@ -61,17 +61,17 @@ Examples:
or
- torvalds@ppc970:~/merge-test> git-merge-index cat AA MM
+ torvalds@ppc970:~/merge-test> git merge-index cat AA MM
cat: : No such file or directory
This is added AA in the branch A.
This is added AA in the branch B.
This is added AA in the branch B.
fatal: merge program failed
-where the latter example shows how "git-merge-index" will stop trying to
-merge once anything has returned an error (i.e., "cat" returned an error
+where the latter example shows how 'git-merge-index' will stop trying to
+merge once anything has returned an error (i.e., `cat` returned an error
for the AA file, because it didn't exist in the original, and thus
-"git-merge-index" didn't even try to merge the MM thing).
+'git-merge-index' didn't even try to merge the MM thing).
Author
------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-one-file.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-one-file.txt
index 546ebe8..dc8a96a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge-one-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-one-file.txt
@@ -12,8 +12,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-This is the standard helper program to use with "git-merge-index"
-to resolve a merge after the trivial merge done with "git-read-tree -m".
+This is the standard helper program to use with 'git-merge-index'
+to resolve a merge after the trivial merge done with 'git-read-tree -m'.
Author
------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-tree.txt
index b785e0f..dbb0c18 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-tree.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-merge-tree - Show three-way merge without touching index
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-merge-tree' <base-tree> <branch1> <branch2>
+'git merge-tree' <base-tree> <branch1> <branch2>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge.txt b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
index b05e0ce..17a15ac 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
@@ -9,9 +9,9 @@ git-merge - Join two or more development histories together
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-merge' [-n] [--stat] [--no-commit] [--squash] [-s <strategy>]...
+'git merge' [-n] [--stat] [--no-commit] [--squash] [-s <strategy>]...
[-m <msg>] <remote> <remote>...
-'git-merge' <msg> HEAD <remote>...
+'git merge' <msg> HEAD <remote>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -29,11 +29,11 @@ include::merge-options.txt[]
-m <msg>::
The commit message to be used for the merge commit (in case
- it is created). The `git-fmt-merge-msg` script can be used
- to give a good default for automated `git-merge` invocations.
+ it is created). The 'git-fmt-merge-msg' script can be used
+ to give a good default for automated 'git-merge' invocations.
-<remote>::
- Other branch head merged into our branch. You need at
+<remote>...::
+ Other branch heads to merge into our branch. You need at
least one <remote>. Specifying more than one <remote>
obviously means you are trying an Octopus.
@@ -41,8 +41,7 @@ include::merge-strategies.txt[]
If you tried a merge which resulted in a complex conflicts and
-would want to start over, you can recover with
-linkgit:git-reset[1].
+would want to start over, you can recover with 'git-reset'.
CONFIGURATION
-------------
@@ -50,7 +49,7 @@ include::merge-config.txt[]
branch.<name>.mergeoptions::
Sets default options for merging into branch <name>. The syntax and
- supported options are equal to that of git-merge, but option values
+ supported options are equal to that of 'git-merge', but option values
containing whitespace characters are currently not supported.
HOW MERGE WORKS
@@ -58,48 +57,31 @@ HOW MERGE WORKS
A merge is always between the current `HEAD` and one or more
commits (usually, branch head or tag), and the index file must
-exactly match the
-tree of `HEAD` commit (i.e. the contents of the last commit) when
-it happens. In other words, `git-diff --cached HEAD` must
-report no changes.
-
-[NOTE]
-This is a bit of a lie. In certain special cases, your index is
-allowed to be different from the tree of the `HEAD` commit. The most
-notable case is when your `HEAD` commit is already ahead of what
-is being merged, in which case your index can have arbitrary
-differences from your `HEAD` commit. Also, your index entries
-may have differences from your `HEAD` commit that match
-the result of a trivial merge (e.g. you received the same patch
-from an external source to produce the same result as what you are
-merging). For example, if a path did not exist in the common
-ancestor and your head commit but exists in the tree you are
-merging into your repository, and if you already happen to have
-that path exactly in your index, the merge does not have to
-fail.
-
-Otherwise, merge will refuse to do any harm to your repository
-(that is, it may fetch the objects from remote, and it may even
-update the local branch used to keep track of the remote branch
-with `git pull remote rbranch:lbranch`, but your working tree,
-`.git/HEAD` pointer and index file are left intact).
-
-You may have local modifications in the working tree files. In
-other words, `git-diff` is allowed to report changes.
-However, the merge uses your working tree as the working area,
-and in order to prevent the merge operation from losing such
-changes, it makes sure that they do not interfere with the
-merge. Those complex tables in read-tree documentation define
-what it means for a path to "interfere with the merge". And if
-your local modifications interfere with the merge, again, it
-stops before touching anything.
-
-So in the above two "failed merge" case, you do not have to
-worry about loss of data --- you simply were not ready to do
-a merge, so no merge happened at all. You may want to finish
-whatever you were in the middle of doing, and retry the same
-pull after you are done and ready.
-
+match the tree of `HEAD` commit (i.e. the contents of the last commit)
+when it starts out. In other words, `git diff --cached HEAD` must
+report no changes. (One exception is when the changed index
+entries are already in the same state that would result from
+the merge anyway.)
+
+Three kinds of merge can happen:
+
+* The merged commit is already contained in `HEAD`. This is the
+ simplest case, called "Already up-to-date."
+
+* `HEAD` is already contained in the merged commit. This is the
+ most common case especially when involved through 'git pull':
+ you are tracking an upstream repository, committed no local
+ changes and now you want to update to a newer upstream revision.
+ Your `HEAD` (and the index) is updated to at point the merged
+ commit, without creating an extra merge commit. This is
+ called "Fast-forward".
+
+* Both the merged commit and `HEAD` are independent and must be
+ tied together by a merge commit that has them both as its parents.
+ The rest of this section describes this "True merge" case.
+
+The chosen merge strategy merges the two commits into a single
+new source tree.
When things cleanly merge, these things happen:
1. The results are updated both in the index file and in your
@@ -128,7 +110,7 @@ When there are conflicts, these things happen:
3. For conflicting paths, the index file records up to three
versions; stage1 stores the version from the common ancestor,
stage2 from `HEAD`, and stage3 from the remote branch (you
- can inspect the stages with `git-ls-files -u`). The working
+ can inspect the stages with `git ls-files -u`). The working
tree files have the result of "merge" program; i.e. 3-way
merge result with familiar conflict markers `<<< === >>>`.
@@ -141,21 +123,25 @@ After seeing a conflict, you can do two things:
* Decide not to merge. The only clean-up you need are to reset
the index file to the `HEAD` commit to reverse 2. and to clean
- up working tree changes made by 2. and 3.; `git-reset` can
+ up working tree changes made by 2. and 3.; 'git-reset --hard' can
be used for this.
- * Resolve the conflicts. `git-diff` would report only the
- conflicting paths because of the above 2. and 3.. Edit the
- working tree files into a desirable shape, `git-add` or `git-rm`
+ * Resolve the conflicts. `git diff` would report only the
+ conflicting paths because of the above 2. and 3.
+ Edit the working tree files into a desirable shape
+ ('git mergetool' can ease this task), 'git-add' or 'git-rm'
them, to make the index file contain what the merge result
- should be, and run `git-commit` to commit the result.
+ should be, and run 'git-commit' to commit the result.
SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:git-fmt-merge-msg[1], linkgit:git-pull[1],
-linkgit:gitattributes[5]
-
+linkgit:gitattributes[5],
+linkgit:git-reset[1],
+linkgit:git-diff[1], linkgit:git-ls-files[1],
+linkgit:git-add[1], linkgit:git-rm[1],
+linkgit:git-mergetool[1]
Author
------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt b/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
index 8352560..e0b2703 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
@@ -7,17 +7,17 @@ git-mergetool - Run merge conflict resolution tools to resolve merge conflicts
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-mergetool' [--tool=<tool>] [<file>]...
+'git mergetool' [--tool=<tool>] [<file>]...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Use `git mergetool` to run one of several merge utilities to resolve
-merge conflicts. It is typically run after linkgit:git-merge[1].
+merge conflicts. It is typically run after 'git-merge'.
If one or more <file> parameters are given, the merge tool program will
be run to resolve differences on each file. If no <file> names are
-specified, `git mergetool` will run the merge tool program on every file
+specified, 'git-mergetool' will run the merge tool program on every file
with merge conflicts.
OPTIONS
@@ -27,23 +27,23 @@ OPTIONS
Valid merge tools are:
kdiff3, tkdiff, meld, xxdiff, emerge, vimdiff, gvimdiff, ecmerge, and opendiff
+
-If a merge resolution program is not specified, `git mergetool`
+If a merge resolution program is not specified, 'git-mergetool'
will use the configuration variable `merge.tool`. If the
-configuration variable `merge.tool` is not set, `git mergetool`
+configuration variable `merge.tool` is not set, 'git-mergetool'
will pick a suitable default.
+
You can explicitly provide a full path to the tool by setting the
configuration variable `mergetool.<tool>.path`. For example, you
can configure the absolute path to kdiff3 by setting
-`mergetool.kdiff3.path`. Otherwise, `git mergetool` assumes the
+`mergetool.kdiff3.path`. Otherwise, 'git-mergetool' assumes the
tool is available in PATH.
+
Instead of running one of the known merge tool programs
-`git mergetool` can be customized to run an alternative program
-by specifying the command line to invoke in a configration
+'git-mergetool' can be customized to run an alternative program
+by specifying the command line to invoke in a configuration
variable `mergetool.<tool>.cmd`.
+
-When `git mergetool` is invoked with this tool (either through the
+When 'git-mergetool' is invoked with this tool (either through the
`-t` or `--tool` option or the `merge.tool` configuration
variable) the configured command line will be invoked with `$BASE`
set to the name of a temporary file containing the common base for
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@ merge resolution.
If the custom merge tool correctly indicates the success of a
merge resolution with its exit code then the configuration
variable `mergetool.<tool>.trustExitCode` can be set to `true`.
-Otherwise, `git mergetool` will prompt the user to indicate the
+Otherwise, 'git-mergetool' will prompt the user to indicate the
success of the resolution after the custom tool has exited.
Author
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mktag.txt b/Documentation/git-mktag.txt
index 232bc1a..8bcc114 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mktag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mktag.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-mktag - Creates a tag object
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-mktag' < signature_file
+'git mktag' < signature_file
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mktree.txt b/Documentation/git-mktree.txt
index 6927eb9..af19f06 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mktree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mktree.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-mktree - Build a tree-object from ls-tree formatted text
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-mktree' [-z]
+'git mktree' [-z]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mv.txt b/Documentation/git-mv.txt
index 3391906..9c56602 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mv.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mv.txt
@@ -8,14 +8,14 @@ git-mv - Move or rename a file, a directory, or a symlink
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-mv' <options>... <args>...
+'git mv' <options>... <args>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
This script is used to move or rename a file, directory or symlink.
- git-mv [-f] [-n] <source> <destination>
- git-mv [-f] [-n] [-k] <source> ... <destination directory>
+ git mv [-f] [-n] <source> <destination>
+ git mv [-f] [-n] [-k] <source> ... <destination directory>
In the first form, it renames <source>, which must exist and be either
a file, symlink or directory, to <destination>.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt b/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt
index 83d8e4a..7ca8a7b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt
@@ -9,13 +9,13 @@ git-name-rev - Find symbolic names for given revs
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-name-rev' [--tags] [--refs=<pattern>]
+'git name-rev' [--tags] [--refs=<pattern>]
( --all | --stdin | <committish>... )
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Finds symbolic names suitable for human digestion for revisions given in any
-format parsable by git-rev-parse.
+format parsable by 'git-rev-parse'.
OPTIONS
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@ OPTIONS
Instead of printing both the SHA-1 and the name, print only
the name. If given with --tags the usual tag prefix of
"tags/" is also omitted from the name, matching the output
- of linkgit:git-describe[1] more closely.
+ of `git-describe` more closely.
--no-undefined::
Die with error code != 0 when a reference is undefined,
@@ -55,11 +55,11 @@ wrote you about that fantastic commit 33db5f4d9027a10e477ccf054b2c1ab94f74c85a.
Of course, you look into the commit, but that only tells you what happened, but
not the context.
-Enter git-name-rev:
+Enter 'git-name-rev':
------------
% git name-rev 33db5f4d9027a10e477ccf054b2c1ab94f74c85a
-33db5f4d9027a10e477ccf054b2c1ab94f74c85a tags/v0.99^0~940
+33db5f4d9027a10e477ccf054b2c1ab94f74c85a tags/v0.99~940
------------
Now you are wiser, because you know that it happened 940 revisions before v0.99.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
index f4d8d68..7d4c1a7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-pack-objects - Create a packed archive of objects
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-pack-objects' [-q] [--no-reuse-delta] [--delta-base-offset] [--non-empty]
+'git pack-objects' [-q] [--no-reuse-delta] [--delta-base-offset] [--non-empty]
[--local] [--incremental] [--window=N] [--depth=N] [--all-progress]
[--revs [--unpacked | --all]*] [--stdout | base-name] < object-list
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ Placing both in the pack/ subdirectory of $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY (or
any of the directories on $GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES)
enables git to read from such an archive.
-'git-unpack-objects' command can read the packed archive and
+The 'git-unpack-objects' command can read the packed archive and
expand the objects contained in the pack into "one-file
one-object" format; this is typically done by the smart-pull
commands when a pack is created on-the-fly for efficient network
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ base-name::
--revs::
Read the revision arguments from the standard input, instead of
individual object names. The revision arguments are processed
- the same way as linkgit:git-rev-list[1] with `--objects` flag
+ the same way as 'git-rev-list' with the `--objects` flag
uses its `commit` arguments to build the list of objects it
outputs. The objects on the resulting list are packed.
@@ -109,6 +109,11 @@ base-name::
The default is unlimited, unless the config variable
`pack.packSizeLimit` is set.
+--honor-pack-keep::
+ This flag causes an object already in a local pack that
+ has a .keep file to be ignored, even if it appears in the
+ standard input.
+
--incremental::
This flag causes an object already in a pack ignored
even if it appears in the standard input.
@@ -116,7 +121,7 @@ base-name::
--local::
This flag is similar to `--incremental`; instead of
ignoring all packed objects, it only ignores objects
- that are packed and not in the local object store
+ that are packed and/or not in the local object store
(i.e. borrowed from an alternate).
--non-empty::
@@ -163,14 +168,14 @@ base-name::
generated pack. If not specified, pack compression level is
determined first by pack.compression, then by core.compression,
and defaults to -1, the zlib default, if neither is set.
- Add \--no-reuse-object if you want to force a uniform compression
+ Add --no-reuse-object if you want to force a uniform compression
level on all data no matter the source.
--delta-base-offset::
A packed archive can express base object of a delta as
either 20-byte object name or as an offset in the
stream, but older version of git does not understand the
- latter. By default, git-pack-objects only uses the
+ latter. By default, 'git-pack-objects' only uses the
former format for better compatibility. This option
allows the command to use the latter format for
compactness. Depending on the average delta chain
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-redundant.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-redundant.txt
index 6737326..5f9435e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-redundant.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-redundant.txt
@@ -8,21 +8,21 @@ git-pack-redundant - Find redundant pack files
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-pack-redundant' [ --verbose ] [ --alt-odb ] < --all | .pack filename ... >
+'git pack-redundant' [ --verbose ] [ --alt-odb ] < --all | .pack filename ... >
DESCRIPTION
-----------
This program computes which packs in your repository
are redundant. The output is suitable for piping to
-'xargs rm' if you are in the root of the repository.
+`xargs rm` if you are in the root of the repository.
-git-pack-redundant accepts a list of objects on standard input. Any objects
+'git-pack-redundant' accepts a list of objects on standard input. Any objects
given will be ignored when checking which packs are required. This makes the
following command useful when wanting to remove packs which contain unreachable
objects.
-git-fsck --full --unreachable | cut -d ' ' -f3 | \
-git-pack-redundant --all | xargs rm
+git fsck --full --unreachable | cut -d ' ' -f3 | \
+git pack-redundant --all | xargs rm
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-refs.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-refs.txt
index c071846..a5244d3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-refs.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-refs.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-pack-refs - Pack heads and tags for efficient repository access
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-pack-refs' [--all] [--no-prune]
+'git pack-refs' [--all] [--no-prune]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ Subsequent updates to branches always creates new file under
A recommended practice to deal with a repository with too many
refs is to pack its refs with `--all --prune` once, and
-occasionally run `git-pack-refs \--prune`. Tags are by
+occasionally run `git pack-refs \--prune`. Tags are by
definition stationary and are not expected to change. Branch
heads will be packed with the initial `pack-refs --all`, but
only the currently active branch heads will become unpacked,
diff --git a/Documentation/git-parse-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-parse-remote.txt
index 951dbd6..cd43069 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-parse-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-parse-remote.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-parse-remote - Routines to help parsing remote repository access parameters
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'. git-parse-remote'
+'. "$(git --exec-path)/git-parse-remote"'
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ get_remote_refs_for_fetch::
get_remote_refs_for_push::
Given the list of user-supplied `<repo> <refspec>...`,
return the list of refs to push in a form suitable to be
- fed to the `git-send-pack` command. When `<refspec>...`
+ fed to the 'git-send-pack' command. When `<refspec>...`
is empty the returned list of refs consists of the
defaults for the given `<repo>`, if specified in
`$GIT_DIR/remotes/`.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
index bb8a079..477785e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-patch-id - Compute unique ID for a patch
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-patch-id' < <patch>
+'git patch-id' < <patch>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@ ID" are almost guaranteed to be the same thing.
IOW, you can use this thing to look for likely duplicate commits.
-When dealing with git-diff-tree output, it takes advantage of
+When dealing with 'git-diff-tree' output, it takes advantage of
the fact that the patch is prefixed with the object name of the
commit, and outputs two 40-byte hexadecimal string. The first
string is the patch ID, and the second string is the commit ID.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-peek-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-peek-remote.txt
index 3fb17f9..8282a5e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-peek-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-peek-remote.txt
@@ -8,11 +8,11 @@ git-peek-remote - List the references in a remote repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-peek-remote' [--upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>] [<host>:]<directory>
+'git peek-remote' [--upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>] [<host>:]<directory>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-This command is deprecated; use `git-ls-remote` instead.
+This command is deprecated; use 'git-ls-remote' instead.
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt b/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt
index f330b8a..b5f26ce 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-prune-packed.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-prune-packed - Remove extra objects that are already in pack files
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-prune-packed' [-n] [-q]
+'git prune-packed' [-n] [-q]
DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-prune.txt b/Documentation/git-prune.txt
index ec335d6..54f1dab 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-prune.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-prune.txt
@@ -13,16 +13,16 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-NOTE: In most cases, users should run linkgit:git-gc[1], which calls
-git-prune. See the section "NOTES", below.
+NOTE: In most cases, users should run 'git-gc', which calls
+'git-prune'. See the section "NOTES", below.
-This runs `git-fsck --unreachable` using all the refs
+This runs 'git-fsck --unreachable' using all the refs
available in `$GIT_DIR/refs`, optionally with additional set of
objects specified on the command line, and prunes all unpacked
objects unreachable from any of these head objects from the object database.
In addition, it
prunes the unpacked objects that are also found in packs by
-running `git prune-packed`.
+running 'git-prune-packed'.
Note that unreachable, packed objects will remain. If this is
not desired, see linkgit:git-repack[1].
@@ -53,18 +53,18 @@ borrows from your repository via its
`.git/objects/info/alternates`:
------------
-$ git prune $(cd ../another && $(git-rev-parse --all))
+$ git prune $(cd ../another && $(git rev-parse --all))
------------
Notes
-----
-In most cases, users will not need to call git-prune directly, but
-should instead call linkgit:git-gc[1], which handles pruning along with
+In most cases, users will not need to call 'git-prune' directly, but
+should instead call 'git-gc', which handles pruning along with
many other housekeeping tasks.
For a description of which objects are considered for pruning, see
-git-fsck's --unreachable option.
+'git-fsck''s --unreachable option.
SEE ALSO
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
index c731bdc..7578623 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pull.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
@@ -8,21 +8,21 @@ git-pull - Fetch from and merge with another repository or a local branch
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-pull' <options> <repository> <refspec>...
+'git pull' <options> <repository> <refspec>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Runs `git-fetch` with the given parameters, and calls `git-merge`
+Runs 'git-fetch' with the given parameters, and calls 'git-merge'
to merge the retrieved head(s) into the current branch.
-With `--rebase`, calls `git-rebase` instead of `git-merge`.
+With `--rebase`, calls 'git-rebase' instead of 'git-merge'.
Note that you can use `.` (current directory) as the
<repository> to pull from the local repository -- this is useful
when merging local branches into the current branch.
-Also note that options meant for `git-pull` itself and underlying
-`git-merge` must be given before the options meant for `git-fetch`.
+Also note that options meant for 'git-pull' itself and underlying
+'git-merge' must be given before the options meant for 'git-fetch'.
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -182,8 +182,7 @@ The final command then merges the newly fetched `tmp` into master.
If you tried a pull which resulted in a complex conflicts and
-would want to start over, you can recover with
-linkgit:git-reset[1].
+would want to start over, you can recover with 'git-reset'.
SEE ALSO
diff --git a/Documentation/git-push.txt b/Documentation/git-push.txt
index 60d5339..6150b1b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-push.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-push.txt
@@ -9,8 +9,9 @@ git-push - Update remote refs along with associated objects
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-push' [--all] [--dry-run] [--tags] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
- [--repo=all] [-f | --force] [-v | --verbose] [<repository> <refspec>...]
+'git push' [--all | --mirror] [--dry-run] [--tags] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
+ [--repo=<repository>] [-f | --force] [-v | --verbose]
+ [<repository> <refspec>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -29,7 +30,7 @@ OPTIONS
The "remote" repository that is destination of a push
operation. See the section <<URLS,GIT URLS>> below.
-<refspec>::
+<refspec>...::
The canonical format of a <refspec> parameter is
`+?<src>:<dst>`; that is, an optional plus `{plus}`, followed
by the source ref, followed by a colon `:`, followed by
@@ -67,7 +68,8 @@ nor in any Push line of the corresponding remotes file---see below).
--mirror::
Instead of naming each ref to push, specifies that all
- refs under `$GIT_DIR/refs/heads/` and `$GIT_DIR/refs/tags/`
+ refs under `$GIT_DIR/refs/` (which includes but is not
+ limited to `refs/heads/`, `refs/remotes/`, and `refs/tags/`)
be mirrored to the remote repository. Newly created local
refs will be pushed to the remote end, locally updated refs
will be force updated on the remote end, and deleted refs
@@ -99,13 +101,27 @@ nor in any Push line of the corresponding remotes file---see below).
This flag disables the check. This can cause the
remote repository to lose commits; use it with care.
---repo=<repo>::
- When no repository is specified the command defaults to
- "origin"; this overrides it.
+--repo=<repository>::
+ This option is only relevant if no <repository> argument is
+ passed in the invocation. In this case, 'git-push' derives the
+ remote name from the current branch: If it tracks a remote
+ branch, then that remote repository is pushed to. Otherwise,
+ the name "origin" is used. For this latter case, this option
+ can be used to override the name "origin". In other words,
+ the difference between these two commands
++
+--------------------------
+git push public #1
+git push --repo=public #2
+--------------------------
++
+is that #1 always pushes to "public" whereas #2 pushes to "public"
+only if the current branch does not track a remote branch. This is
+useful if you write an alias or script around 'git-push'.
--thin::
--no-thin::
- These options are passed to `git-send-pack`. Thin
+ These options are passed to 'git-send-pack'. Thin
transfer spends extra cycles to minimize the number of
objects to be sent and meant to be used on slower connection.
@@ -179,11 +195,11 @@ git push origin :experimental::
Find a ref that matches `experimental` in the `origin` repository
(e.g. `refs/heads/experimental`), and delete it.
-git push origin master:satellite/master::
- Find a ref that matches `master` in the source repository
- (most likely, it would find `refs/heads/master`), and update
- the ref that matches `satellite/master` (most likely, it would
- be `refs/remotes/satellite/master`) in `origin` repository with it.
+git push origin master:satellite/master dev:satellite/dev::
+ Use the source ref that matches `master` (e.g. `refs/heads/master`)
+ to update the ref that matches `satellite/master` (most probably
+ `refs/remotes/satellite/master`) in the `origin` repository, then
+ do the same for `dev` and `satellite/dev`.
git push origin master:refs/heads/experimental::
Create the branch `experimental` in the `origin` repository
diff --git a/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt b/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
index 0600379..d4037de 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-quiltimport.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-quiltimport - Applies a quilt patchset onto the current branch
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-quiltimport' [--dry-run] [--author <author>] [--patches <dir>]
+'git quiltimport' [--dry-run] [--author <author>] [--patches <dir>]
DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
index 58fb906..309deac 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-read-tree.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-read-tree - Reads tree information into the index
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-read-tree' (<tree-ish> | [[-m [--trivial] [--aggressive] | --reset | --prefix=<prefix>] [-u | -i]] [--exclude-per-directory=<gitignore>] [--index-output=<file>] <tree-ish1> [<tree-ish2> [<tree-ish3>]])
+'git read-tree' (<tree-ish> | [[-m [--trivial] [--aggressive] | --reset | --prefix=<prefix>] [-u | -i]] [--exclude-per-directory=<gitignore>] [--index-output=<file>] <tree-ish1> [<tree-ish2> [<tree-ish3>]])
DESCRIPTION
@@ -22,8 +22,8 @@ fast-forward (i.e. 2-way) merge, or a 3-way merge, with the `-m`
flag. When used with `-m`, the `-u` flag causes it to also update
the files in the work tree with the result of the merge.
-Trivial merges are done by `git-read-tree` itself. Only conflicting paths
-will be in unmerged state when `git-read-tree` returns.
+Trivial merges are done by 'git-read-tree' itself. Only conflicting paths
+will be in unmerged state when 'git-read-tree' returns.
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -54,13 +54,13 @@ OPTIONS
Show the progress of checking files out.
--trivial::
- Restrict three-way merge by `git-read-tree` to happen
+ Restrict three-way merge by 'git-read-tree' to happen
only if there is no file-level merging required, instead
of resolving merge for trivial cases and leaving
conflicting files unresolved in the index.
--aggressive::
- Usually a three-way merge by `git-read-tree` resolves
+ Usually a three-way merge by 'git-read-tree' resolves
the merge for really trivial cases and leaves other
cases unresolved in the index, so that Porcelains can
implement different merge policies. This flag makes the
@@ -113,7 +113,7 @@ OPTIONS
Merging
-------
-If `-m` is specified, `git-read-tree` can perform 3 kinds of
+If `-m` is specified, 'git-read-tree' can perform 3 kinds of
merge, a single tree merge if only 1 tree is given, a
fast-forward merge with 2 trees, or a 3-way merge if 3 trees are
provided.
@@ -121,29 +121,29 @@ provided.
Single Tree Merge
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-If only 1 tree is specified, git-read-tree operates as if the user did not
+If only 1 tree is specified, 'git-read-tree' operates as if the user did not
specify `-m`, except that if the original index has an entry for a
given pathname, and the contents of the path matches with the tree
being read, the stat info from the index is used. (In other words, the
index's stat()s take precedence over the merged tree's).
-That means that if you do a `git-read-tree -m <newtree>` followed by a
-`git-checkout-index -f -u -a`, the `git-checkout-index` only checks out
+That means that if you do a `git read-tree -m <newtree>` followed by a
+`git checkout-index -f -u -a`, the 'git-checkout-index' only checks out
the stuff that really changed.
-This is used to avoid unnecessary false hits when `git-diff-files` is
-run after `git-read-tree`.
+This is used to avoid unnecessary false hits when 'git-diff-files' is
+run after 'git-read-tree'.
Two Tree Merge
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-Typically, this is invoked as `git-read-tree -m $H $M`, where $H
+Typically, this is invoked as `git read-tree -m $H $M`, where $H
is the head commit of the current repository, and $M is the head
of a foreign tree, which is simply ahead of $H (i.e. we are in a
fast forward situation).
-When two trees are specified, the user is telling git-read-tree
+When two trees are specified, the user is telling 'git-read-tree'
the following:
1. The current index and work tree is derived from $H, but
@@ -151,7 +151,7 @@ the following:
2. The user wants to fast-forward to $M.
-In this case, the `git-read-tree -m $H $M` command makes sure
+In this case, the `git read-tree -m $H $M` command makes sure
that no local change is lost as the result of this "merge".
Here are the "carry forward" rules:
@@ -160,7 +160,10 @@ Here are the "carry forward" rules:
0 nothing nothing nothing (does not happen)
1 nothing nothing exists use M
2 nothing exists nothing remove path from index
- 3 nothing exists exists use M
+ 3 nothing exists exists, use M if "initial checkout"
+ H == M keep index otherwise
+ exists fail
+ H != M
clean I==H I==M
------------------
@@ -193,33 +196,39 @@ Here are the "carry forward" rules:
In all "keep index" cases, the index entry stays as in the
original index file. If the entry were not up to date,
-git-read-tree keeps the copy in the work tree intact when
+'git-read-tree' keeps the copy in the work tree intact when
operating under the -u flag.
-When this form of git-read-tree returns successfully, you can
+When this form of 'git-read-tree' returns successfully, you can
see what "local changes" you made are carried forward by running
-`git-diff-index --cached $M`. Note that this does not
-necessarily match `git-diff-index --cached $H` would have
+`git diff-index --cached $M`. Note that this does not
+necessarily match `git diff-index --cached $H` would have
produced before such a two tree merge. This is because of cases
18 and 19 --- if you already had the changes in $M (e.g. maybe
-you picked it up via e-mail in a patch form), `git-diff-index
+you picked it up via e-mail in a patch form), `git diff-index
--cached $H` would have told you about the change before this
-merge, but it would not show in `git-diff-index --cached $M`
+merge, but it would not show in `git diff-index --cached $M`
output after two-tree merge.
+Case #3 is slightly tricky and needs explanation. The result from this
+rule logically should be to remove the path if the user staged the removal
+of the path and then swiching to a new branch. That however will prevent
+the initial checkout from happening, so the rule is modified to use M (new
+tree) only when the contents of the index is empty. Otherwise the removal
+of the path is kept as long as $H and $M are the same.
3-Way Merge
~~~~~~~~~~~
Each "index" entry has two bits worth of "stage" state. stage 0 is the
normal one, and is the only one you'd see in any kind of normal use.
-However, when you do `git-read-tree` with three trees, the "stage"
+However, when you do 'git-read-tree' with three trees, the "stage"
starts out at 1.
This means that you can do
----------------
-$ git-read-tree -m <tree1> <tree2> <tree3>
+$ git read-tree -m <tree1> <tree2> <tree3>
----------------
and you will end up with an index with all of the <tree1> entries in
@@ -229,7 +238,7 @@ branch into the current branch, we use the common ancestor tree
as <tree1>, the current branch head as <tree2>, and the other
branch head as <tree3>.
-Furthermore, `git-read-tree` has special-case logic that says: if you see
+Furthermore, 'git-read-tree' has special-case logic that says: if you see
a file that matches in all respects in the following states, it
"collapses" back to "stage0":
@@ -245,7 +254,7 @@ a file that matches in all respects in the following states, it
- stage 1 and stage 3 are the same and stage 2 is different take
stage 2 (we did something while they did nothing)
-The `git-write-tree` command refuses to write a nonsensical tree, and it
+The 'git-write-tree' command refuses to write a nonsensical tree, and it
will complain about unmerged entries if it sees a single entry that is not
stage 0.
@@ -261,7 +270,7 @@ start a 3-way merge with an index file that is already
populated. Here is an outline of how the algorithm works:
- if a file exists in identical format in all three trees, it will
- automatically collapse to "merged" state by git-read-tree.
+ automatically collapse to "merged" state by 'git-read-tree'.
- a file that has _any_ difference what-so-ever in the three trees
will stay as separate entries in the index. It's up to "porcelain
@@ -285,8 +294,8 @@ populated. Here is an outline of how the algorithm works:
matching "stage1" entry if it exists too. .. all the normal
trivial rules ..
-You would normally use `git-merge-index` with supplied
-`git-merge-one-file` to do this last step. The script updates
+You would normally use 'git-merge-index' with supplied
+'git-merge-one-file' to do this last step. The script updates
the files in the working tree as it merges each path and at the
end of a successful merge.
@@ -304,16 +313,16 @@ commit. To illustrate, suppose you start from what has been
committed last to your repository:
----------------
-$ JC=`git-rev-parse --verify "HEAD^0"`
-$ git-checkout-index -f -u -a $JC
+$ JC=`git rev-parse --verify "HEAD^0"`
+$ git checkout-index -f -u -a $JC
----------------
-You do random edits, without running git-update-index. And then
+You do random edits, without running 'git-update-index'. And then
you notice that the tip of your "upstream" tree has advanced
since you pulled from him:
----------------
-$ git-fetch git://.... linus
+$ git fetch git://.... linus
$ LT=`cat .git/FETCH_HEAD`
----------------
@@ -323,10 +332,10 @@ added or modified index entries since $JC, and if you haven't,
then does the right thing. So with the following sequence:
----------------
-$ git-read-tree -m -u `git-merge-base $JC $LT` $JC $LT
-$ git-merge-index git-merge-one-file -a
+$ git read-tree -m -u `git merge-base $JC $LT` $JC $LT
+$ git merge-index git-merge-one-file -a
$ echo "Merge with Linus" | \
- git-commit-tree `git-write-tree` -p $JC -p $LT
+ git commit-tree `git write-tree` -p $JC -p $LT
----------------
what you would commit is a pure merge between $JC and $LT without
@@ -334,14 +343,14 @@ your work-in-progress changes, and your work tree would be
updated to the result of the merge.
However, if you have local changes in the working tree that
-would be overwritten by this merge,`git-read-tree` will refuse
+would be overwritten by this merge, 'git-read-tree' will refuse
to run to prevent your changes from being lost.
In other words, there is no need to worry about what exists only
in the working tree. When you have local changes in a part of
the project that is not involved in the merge, your changes do
not interfere with the merge, and are kept intact. When they
-*do* interfere, the merge does not even start (`git-read-tree`
+*do* interfere, the merge does not even start ('git-read-tree'
complains loudly and fails without modifying anything). In such
a case, you can simply continue doing what you were in the
middle of doing, and when your working tree is ready (i.e. you
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
index b7e1da0..59c1b02 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
@@ -8,15 +8,15 @@ git-rebase - Forward-port local commits to the updated upstream head
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-rebase' [-i | --interactive] [-v | --verbose] [-m | --merge]
+'git rebase' [-i | --interactive] [-v | --verbose] [-m | --merge]
[-s <strategy> | --strategy=<strategy>]
[-C<n>] [ --whitespace=<option>] [-p | --preserve-merges]
[--onto <newbase>] <upstream> [<branch>]
-'git-rebase' --continue | --skip | --abort
+'git rebase' --continue | --skip | --abort
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-If <branch> is specified, git-rebase will perform an automatic
+If <branch> is specified, 'git-rebase' will perform an automatic
`git checkout <branch>` before doing anything else. Otherwise
it remains on the current branch.
@@ -26,7 +26,8 @@ of commits that would be shown by `git log <upstream>..HEAD`.
The current branch is reset to <upstream>, or <newbase> if the
--onto option was supplied. This has the exact same effect as
-`git reset --hard <upstream>` (or <newbase>).
+`git reset --hard <upstream>` (or <newbase>). ORIG_HEAD is set
+to point at the tip of the branch before the reset.
The commits that were previously saved into the temporary area are
then reapplied to the current branch, one by one, in order. Note that
@@ -38,8 +39,8 @@ It is possible that a merge failure will prevent this process from being
completely automatic. You will have to resolve any such merge failure
and run `git rebase --continue`. Another option is to bypass the commit
that caused the merge failure with `git rebase --skip`. To restore the
-original <branch> and remove the .dotest working files, use the command
-`git rebase --abort` instead.
+original <branch> and remove the .git/rebase-apply working files, use the
+command `git rebase --abort` instead.
Assume the following history exists and the current branch is "topic":
@@ -52,8 +53,8 @@ Assume the following history exists and the current branch is "topic":
From this point, the result of either of the following commands:
- git-rebase master
- git-rebase master topic
+ git rebase master
+ git rebase master topic
would be:
@@ -68,7 +69,7 @@ followed by `git rebase master`.
If the upstream branch already contains a change you have made (e.g.,
because you mailed a patch which was applied upstream), then that commit
-will be skipped. For example, running `git-rebase master` on the
+will be skipped. For example, running `git rebase master` on the
following history (in which A' and A introduce the same set of changes,
but have different committer information):
@@ -116,7 +117,7 @@ got merged into more stable 'master' branch, like this:
We can get this using the following command:
- git-rebase --onto master next topic
+ git rebase --onto master next topic
Another example of --onto option is to rebase part of a
@@ -132,7 +133,7 @@ branch. If we have the following situation:
then the command
- git-rebase --onto master topicA topicB
+ git rebase --onto master topicA topicB
would result in:
@@ -155,7 +156,7 @@ the following situation:
then the command
- git-rebase --onto topicA~5 topicA~3 topicA
+ git rebase --onto topicA~5 topicA~3 topicA
would result in the removal of commits F and G:
@@ -167,8 +168,8 @@ This is useful if F and G were flawed in some way, or should not be
part of topicA. Note that the argument to --onto and the <upstream>
parameter can be any valid commit-ish.
-In case of conflict, git-rebase will stop at the first problematic commit
-and leave conflict markers in the tree. You can use git diff to locate
+In case of conflict, 'git-rebase' will stop at the first problematic commit
+and leave conflict markers in the tree. You can use 'git-diff' to locate
the markers (<<<<<<) and make edits to resolve the conflict. For each
file you edit, you need to tell git that the conflict has been resolved,
typically this would be done with
@@ -184,7 +185,7 @@ desired resolution, you can continue the rebasing process with
git rebase --continue
-Alternatively, you can undo the git-rebase with
+Alternatively, you can undo the 'git-rebase' with
git rebase --abort
@@ -224,8 +225,8 @@ OPTIONS
Use the given merge strategy; can be supplied more than
once to specify them in the order they should be tried.
If there is no `-s` option, a built-in list of strategies
- is used instead (`git-merge-recursive` when merging a single
- head, `git-merge-octopus` otherwise). This implies --merge.
+ is used instead ('git-merge-recursive' when merging a single
+ head, 'git-merge-octopus' otherwise). This implies --merge.
-v::
--verbose::
@@ -238,7 +239,7 @@ OPTIONS
ever ignored.
--whitespace=<nowarn|warn|error|error-all|strip>::
- This flag is passed to the `git-apply` program
+ This flag is passed to the 'git-apply' program
(see linkgit:git-apply[1]) that applies the patch.
-i::
@@ -259,10 +260,10 @@ NOTES
When you rebase a branch, you are changing its history in a way that
will cause problems for anyone who already has a copy of the branch
in their repository and tries to pull updates from you. You should
-understand the implications of using 'git rebase' on a repository that
+understand the implications of using 'git-rebase' on a repository that
you share.
-When the git rebase command is run, it will first execute a "pre-rebase"
+When the git-rebase command is run, it will first execute a "pre-rebase"
hook if one exists. You can use this hook to do sanity checks and
reject the rebase if it isn't appropriate. Please see the template
pre-rebase hook script for an example.
@@ -314,12 +315,12 @@ pick fa1afe1 The oneline of the next commit
...
-------------------------------------------
-The oneline descriptions are purely for your pleasure; `git-rebase` will
+The oneline descriptions are purely for your pleasure; 'git-rebase' will
not look at them but at the commit names ("deadbee" and "fa1afe1" in this
example), so do not delete or edit the names.
By replacing the command "pick" with the command "edit", you can tell
-`git-rebase` to stop after applying that commit, so that you can edit
+'git-rebase' to stop after applying that commit, so that you can edit
the files and/or the commit message, amend the commit, and continue
rebasing.
@@ -334,7 +335,7 @@ the loop with `git rebase --continue`.
For example, if you want to reorder the last 5 commits, such that what
was HEAD~4 becomes the new HEAD. To achieve that, you would call
-`git-rebase` like this:
+'git-rebase' like this:
----------------------
$ git rebase -i HEAD~5
@@ -364,34 +365,34 @@ SPLITTING COMMITS
-----------------
In interactive mode, you can mark commits with the action "edit". However,
-this does not necessarily mean that 'git rebase' expects the result of this
+this does not necessarily mean that 'git-rebase' expects the result of this
edit to be exactly one commit. Indeed, you can undo the commit, or you can
add other commits. This can be used to split a commit into two:
-- Start an interactive rebase with 'git rebase -i <commit>^', where
+- Start an interactive rebase with `git rebase -i <commit>^`, where
<commit> is the commit you want to split. In fact, any commit range
will do, as long as it contains that commit.
- Mark the commit you want to split with the action "edit".
-- When it comes to editing that commit, execute 'git reset HEAD^'. The
+- When it comes to editing that commit, execute `git reset HEAD^`. The
effect is that the HEAD is rewound by one, and the index follows suit.
However, the working tree stays the same.
- Now add the changes to the index that you want to have in the first
- commit. You can use linkgit:git-add[1] (possibly interactively) and/or
- linkgit:git-gui[1] to do that.
+ commit. You can use `git add` (possibly interactively) or
+ 'git-gui' (or both) to do that.
- Commit the now-current index with whatever commit message is appropriate
now.
- Repeat the last two steps until your working tree is clean.
-- Continue the rebase with 'git rebase --continue'.
+- Continue the rebase with `git rebase --continue`.
If you are not absolutely sure that the intermediate revisions are
consistent (they compile, pass the testsuite, etc.) you should use
-linkgit:git-stash[1] to stash away the not-yet-committed changes
+'git-stash' to stash away the not-yet-committed changes
after each commit, test, and amend the commit if fixes are necessary.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
index a70c716..514f03c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-receive-pack.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-receive-pack - Receive what is pushed into the repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-receive-pack' <directory>
+'git receive-pack' <directory>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -18,17 +18,17 @@ information fed from the remote end.
This command is usually not invoked directly by the end user.
The UI for the protocol is on the 'git-send-pack' side, and the
program pair is meant to be used to push updates to remote
-repository. For pull operations, see 'git-fetch-pack'.
+repository. For pull operations, see linkgit:git-fetch-pack[1].
The command allows for creation and fast forwarding of sha1 refs
(heads/tags) on the remote end (strictly speaking, it is the
-local end receive-pack runs, but to the user who is sitting at
+local end 'git-receive-pack' runs, but to the user who is sitting at
the send-pack end, it is updating the remote. Confused?)
There are other real-world examples of using update and
post-update hooks found in the Documentation/howto directory.
-git-receive-pack honours the receive.denyNonFastForwards config
+'git-receive-pack' honours the receive.denyNonFastForwards config
option, which tells it if updates to a ref should be denied if they
are not fast-forwards.
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ post-receive Hook
-----------------
After all refs were updated (or attempted to be updated), if any
ref update was successful, and if $GIT_DIR/hooks/post-receive
-file exists and is executable, it will be invoke once with no
+file exists and is executable, it will be invoked once with no
parameters. The standard input of the hook will be one line
for each successfully updated ref:
@@ -111,10 +111,10 @@ ref listing the commits pushed to the repository:
if expr "$oval" : '0*$' >/dev/null
then
echo "Created a new ref, with the following commits:"
- git-rev-list --pretty "$nval"
+ git rev-list --pretty "$nval"
else
echo "New commits:"
- git-rev-list --pretty "$nval" "^$oval"
+ git rev-list --pretty "$nval" "^$oval"
fi |
mail -s "Changes to ref $ref" commit-list@mydomain
done
@@ -125,7 +125,7 @@ non-zero exit code will generate an error message.
Note that it is possible for refname to not have sha1-new when this
hook runs. This can easily occur if another user modifies the ref
-after it was updated by receive-pack, but before the hook was able
+after it was updated by 'git-receive-pack', but before the hook was able
to evaluate it. It is recommended that hooks rely on sha1-new
rather than the current value of refname.
@@ -133,18 +133,18 @@ post-update Hook
----------------
After all other processing, if at least one ref was updated, and
if $GIT_DIR/hooks/post-update file exists and is executable, then
-post-update will called with the list of refs that have been updated.
+post-update will be called with the list of refs that have been updated.
This can be used to implement any repository wide cleanup tasks.
The exit code from this hook invocation is ignored; the only thing
-left for git-receive-pack to do at that point is to exit itself
+left for 'git-receive-pack' to do at that point is to exit itself
anyway.
-This hook can be used, for example, to run "git-update-server-info"
+This hook can be used, for example, to run `git update-server-info`
if the repository is packed and is served via a dumb transport.
#!/bin/sh
- exec git-update-server-info
+ exec git update-server-info
SEE ALSO
diff --git a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
index c9c25f3..7f7a544 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
@@ -16,19 +16,19 @@ The command takes various subcommands, and different options
depending on the subcommand:
[verse]
-git reflog expire [--dry-run] [--stale-fix] [--verbose]
+'git reflog expire' [--dry-run] [--stale-fix] [--verbose]
[--expire=<time>] [--expire-unreachable=<time>] [--all] <refs>...
-
-git reflog delete ref@\{specifier\}...
-
-git reflog [show] [log-options] [<ref>]
++
+'git reflog delete' ref@\{specifier\}...
++
+'git reflog' ['show'] [log-options] [<ref>]
Reflog is a mechanism to record when the tip of branches are
updated. This command is to manage the information recorded in it.
The subcommand "expire" is used to prune older reflog entries.
Entries older than `expire` time, or entries older than
-`expire-unreachable` time and are not reachable from the current
+`expire-unreachable` time and not reachable from the current
tip, are removed from the reflog. This is typically not used
directly by the end users -- instead, see linkgit:git-gc[1].
@@ -36,7 +36,7 @@ The subcommand "show" (which is also the default, in the absence of any
subcommands) will take all the normal log options, and show the log of
the reference provided in the command-line (or `HEAD`, by default).
The reflog will cover all recent actions (HEAD reflog records branch switching
-as well). It is an alias for 'git log -g --abbrev-commit --pretty=oneline';
+as well). It is an alias for `git log -g --abbrev-commit --pretty=oneline`;
see linkgit:git-log[1].
The reflog is useful in various git commands, to specify the old value
@@ -46,7 +46,7 @@ point to one week ago", and so on. See linkgit:git-rev-parse[1] for
more details.
To delete single entries from the reflog, use the subcommand "delete"
-and specify the _exact_ entry (e.g. ``git reflog delete master@\{2\}'').
+and specify the _exact_ entry (e.g. "`git reflog delete master@\{2\}`").
OPTIONS
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ OPTIONS
refs.
+
This computation involves traversing all the reachable objects, i.e. it
-has the same cost as 'git prune'. Fortunately, once this is run, we
+has the same cost as 'git-prune'. Fortunately, once this is run, we
should not have to ever worry about missing objects, because the current
prune and pack-objects know about reflogs and protect objects referred by
them.
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ them.
which in turn defaults to 90 days.
--expire-unreachable=<time>::
- Entries older than this time and are not reachable from
+ Entries older than this time and not reachable from
the current tip of the branch are pruned. Without the
option it is taken from configuration
`gc.reflogExpireUnreachable`, which in turn defaults to
diff --git a/Documentation/git-relink.txt b/Documentation/git-relink.txt
index f6dafd4..25ff8f9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-relink.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-relink.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-relink - Hardlink common objects in local repositories
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-relink' [--safe] <dir> [<dir>]\* <master_dir>
+'git relink' [--safe] <dir> [<dir>]\* <master_dir>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
index 345943a..bb99810 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
@@ -9,12 +9,12 @@ git-remote - manage set of tracked repositories
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-remote' [-v | --verbose]
-'git-remote' add [-t <branch>] [-m <master>] [-f] [--mirror] <name> <url>
-'git-remote' rm <name>
-'git-remote' show [-n] <name>
-'git-remote' prune [-n | --dry-run] <name>
-'git-remote' update [group]
+'git remote' [-v | --verbose]
+'git remote add' [-t <branch>] [-m <master>] [-f] [--mirror] <name> <url>
+'git remote rm' <name>
+'git remote show' [-n] <name>
+'git remote prune' [-n | --dry-run] <name>
+'git remote update' [group]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -124,7 +124,7 @@ $ git checkout -b nfs linux-nfs/master
...
------------
-* Imitate 'git clone' but track only selected branches
+* Imitate 'git-clone' but track only selected branches
+
------------
$ mkdir project.git
diff --git a/Documentation/git-repack.txt b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
index 04d6f1f..aaa8852 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-repack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-repack.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-repack - Pack unpacked objects in a repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-repack' [-a] [-A] [-d] [-f] [-l] [-n] [-q] [--window=N] [--depth=N]
+'git repack' [-a] [-A] [-d] [-f] [-l] [-n] [-q] [--window=N] [--depth=N]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -38,40 +38,40 @@ OPTIONS
dangling.
-A::
- Same as `-a`, but any unreachable objects in a previous
- pack become loose, unpacked objects, instead of being
- left in the old pack. Unreachable objects are never
- intentionally added to a pack, even when repacking.
- When used with '-d', this option
- prevents unreachable objects from being immediately
+ Same as `-a`, unless '-d' is used. Then any unreachable
+ objects in a previous pack become loose, unpacked objects,
+ instead of being left in the old pack. Unreachable objects
+ are never intentionally added to a pack, even when repacking.
+ This option prevents unreachable objects from being immediately
deleted by way of being left in the old pack and then
removed. Instead, the loose unreachable objects
will be pruned according to normal expiry rules
- with the next linkgit:git-gc[1].
+ with the next 'git-gc' invocation. See linkgit:git-gc[1].
-d::
After packing, if the newly created packs make some
existing packs redundant, remove the redundant packs.
- Also runs linkgit:git-prune-packed[1].
+ Also run 'git-prune-packed' to remove redundant
+ loose object files.
-l::
- Pass the `--local` option to `git pack-objects`, see
+ Pass the `--local` option to 'git-pack-objects'. See
linkgit:git-pack-objects[1].
-f::
- Pass the `--no-reuse-delta` option to `git pack-objects`, see
+ Pass the `--no-reuse-object` option to `git-pack-objects`, see
linkgit:git-pack-objects[1].
-q::
- Pass the `-q` option to `git pack-objects`, see
+ Pass the `-q` option to 'git-pack-objects'. See
linkgit:git-pack-objects[1].
-n::
Do not update the server information with
- `git update-server-info`. This option skips
+ 'git-update-server-info'. This option skips
updating local catalog files needed to publish
this repository (or a direct copy of it)
- over HTTP or FTP. See gitlink:git-update-server-info[1].
+ over HTTP or FTP. See linkgit:git-update-server-info[1].
--window=[N]::
--depth=[N]::
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ Configuration
When configuration variable `repack.UseDeltaBaseOffset` is set
for the repository, the command passes `--delta-base-offset`
-option to `git-pack-objects`; this typically results in slightly
+option to 'git-pack-objects'; this typically results in slightly
smaller packs, but the generated packs are incompatible with
versions of git older than (and including) v1.4.3; do not set
the variable in a repository that older version of git needs to
diff --git a/Documentation/git-repo-config.txt b/Documentation/git-repo-config.txt
index 2ca3994..e5bdb55 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-repo-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-repo-config.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-repo-config - Get and set repository or global options
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-repo-config' ...
+'git repo-config' ...
DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-request-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-request-pull.txt
index 70810c0..19335fd 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-request-pull.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-request-pull.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-request-pull - Generates a summary of pending changes
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-request-pull' <start> <url> [<end>]
+'git request-pull' <start> <url> [<end>]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rerere.txt b/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
index 8f12dc9..64715c1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rerere.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-rerere - Reuse recorded resolution of conflicted merges
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-rerere' [clear|diff|status|gc]
+'git rerere' ['clear'|'diff'|'status'|'gc']
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -30,26 +30,26 @@ enable this command.
COMMANDS
--------
-Normally, git-rerere is run without arguments or user-intervention.
+Normally, 'git-rerere' is run without arguments or user-intervention.
However, it has several commands that allow it to interact with
its working state.
'clear'::
This resets the metadata used by rerere if a merge resolution is to be
-is aborted. Calling linkgit:git-am[1] --skip or linkgit:git-rebase[1]
-[--skip|--abort] will automatically invoke this command.
+aborted. Calling 'git-am [--skip|--abort]' or 'git-rebase [--skip|--abort]'
+will automatically invoke this command.
'diff'::
This displays diffs for the current state of the resolution. It is
useful for tracking what has changed while the user is resolving
conflicts. Additional arguments are passed directly to the system
-diff(1) command installed in PATH.
+'diff' command installed in PATH.
'status'::
-Like diff, but this only prints the filenames that will be tracked
+Like 'diff', but this only prints the filenames that will be tracked
for resolutions.
'gc'::
@@ -142,33 +142,33 @@ finally ready and merged into the master branch. This merge
would require you to resolve the conflict, introduced by the
commits marked with `*`. However, often this conflict is the
same conflict you resolved when you created the test merge you
-blew away. `git-rerere` command helps you to resolve this final
+blew away. 'git-rerere' command helps you to resolve this final
conflicted merge using the information from your earlier hand
resolve.
-Running `git-rerere` command immediately after a conflicted
+Running the 'git-rerere' command immediately after a conflicted
automerge records the conflicted working tree files, with the
usual conflict markers `<<<<<<<`, `=======`, and `>>>>>>>` in
them. Later, after you are done resolving the conflicts,
-running `git-rerere` again records the resolved state of these
+running 'git-rerere' again records the resolved state of these
files. Suppose you did this when you created the test merge of
master into the topic branch.
-Next time, running `git-rerere` after seeing a conflicted
+Next time, running 'git-rerere' after seeing a conflicted
automerge, if the conflict is the same as the earlier one
recorded, it is noticed and a three-way merge between the
earlier conflicted automerge, the earlier manual resolution, and
the current conflicted automerge is performed by the command.
If this three-way merge resolves cleanly, the result is written
out to your working tree file, so you would not have to manually
-resolve it. Note that `git-rerere` leaves the index file alone,
+resolve it. Note that 'git-rerere' leaves the index file alone,
so you still need to do the final sanity checks with `git diff`
-(or `git diff -c`) and `git add` when you are satisfied.
+(or `git diff -c`) and 'git-add' when you are satisfied.
-As a convenience measure, `git-merge` automatically invokes
-`git-rerere` when it exits with a failed automerge, which
+As a convenience measure, 'git-merge' automatically invokes
+'git-rerere' when it exits with a failed automerge, which
records it if it is a new conflict, or reuses the earlier hand
-resolve when it is not. `git-commit` also invokes `git-rerere`
+resolve when it is not. 'git-commit' also invokes 'git-rerere'
when recording a merge result. What this means is that you do
not have to do anything special yourself (Note: you still have
to set the config variable rerere.enabled to enable this command).
@@ -178,8 +178,8 @@ resolution is recorded, and it will be reused when you do the
actual merge later with updated master and topic branch, as long
as the earlier resolution is still applicable.
-The information `git-rerere` records is also used when running
-`git-rebase`. After blowing away the test merge and continuing
+The information 'git-rerere' records is also used when running
+'git-rebase'. After blowing away the test merge and continuing
development on the topic branch:
------------
@@ -198,7 +198,7 @@ you could run `git rebase master topic`, to keep yourself
up-to-date even before your topic is ready to be sent upstream.
This would result in falling back to three-way merge, and it
would conflict the same way the test merge you resolved earlier.
-`git-rerere` is run by `git rebase` to help you resolve this
+'git-rerere' is run by 'git-rebase' to help you resolve this
conflict.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-reset.txt b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
index 0b368b3..6abaeac 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reset.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ OPTIONS
--soft::
Does not touch the index file nor the working tree at all, but
requires them to be in a good order. This leaves all your changed
- files "Changes to be committed", as linkgit:git-status[1] would
+ files "Changes to be committed", as 'git-status' would
put it.
--hard::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
index c9b0950..1c9cc28 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
@@ -32,9 +32,9 @@ SYNOPSIS
[ \--cherry-pick ]
[ \--encoding[=<encoding>] ]
[ \--(author|committer|grep)=<pattern> ]
- [ \--regexp-ignore-case | \-i ]
- [ \--extended-regexp | \-E ]
- [ \--fixed-strings | \-F ]
+ [ \--regexp-ignore-case | -i ]
+ [ \--extended-regexp | -E ]
+ [ \--fixed-strings | -F ]
[ \--date={local|relative|default|iso|rfc|short} ]
[ [\--objects | \--objects-edge] [ \--unpacked ] ]
[ \--pretty | \--header ]
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ stop at that point. Their parents are implied. Thus the following
command:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
- $ git-rev-list foo bar ^baz
+ $ git rev-list foo bar ^baz
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
means "list all the commits which are included in 'foo' and 'bar', but
@@ -70,8 +70,8 @@ short-hand for "{caret}'<commit1>' '<commit2>'". For example, either of
the following may be used interchangeably:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
- $ git-rev-list origin..HEAD
- $ git-rev-list HEAD ^origin
+ $ git rev-list origin..HEAD
+ $ git rev-list HEAD ^origin
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Another special notation is "'<commit1>'...'<commit2>'" which is useful
@@ -79,15 +79,15 @@ for merges. The resulting set of commits is the symmetric difference
between the two operands. The following two commands are equivalent:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
- $ git-rev-list A B --not $(git-merge-base --all A B)
- $ git-rev-list A...B
+ $ git rev-list A B --not $(git merge-base --all A B)
+ $ git rev-list A...B
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
-linkgit:git-rev-list[1] is a very essential git program, since it
+'git-rev-list' is a very essential git program, since it
provides the ability to build and traverse commit ancestry graphs. For
this reason, it has a lot of different options that enables it to be
-used by commands as different as linkgit:git-bisect[1] and
-linkgit:git-repack[1].
+used by commands as different as 'git-bisect' and
+'git-repack'.
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
index 9082fc9..2921da3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
@@ -8,23 +8,23 @@ git-rev-parse - Pick out and massage parameters
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-rev-parse' [ --option ] <args>...
+'git rev-parse' [ --option ] <args>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Many git porcelainish commands take mixture of flags
(i.e. parameters that begin with a dash '-') and parameters
-meant for underlying `git-rev-list` command they use internally
-and flags and parameters for other commands they use as the
-downstream of `git-rev-list`. This command is used to
+meant for the underlying 'git-rev-list' command they use internally
+and flags and parameters for the other commands they use
+downstream of 'git-rev-list'. This command is used to
distinguish between them.
OPTIONS
-------
--parseopt::
- Use `git-rev-parse` in option parsing mode (see PARSEOPT section below).
+ Use 'git-rev-parse' in option parsing mode (see PARSEOPT section below).
--keep-dash-dash::
Only meaningful in `--parseopt` mode. Tells the option parser to echo
@@ -32,11 +32,11 @@ OPTIONS
--revs-only::
Do not output flags and parameters not meant for
- `git-rev-list` command.
+ 'git-rev-list' command.
--no-revs::
Do not output flags and parameters meant for
- `git-rev-list` command.
+ 'git-rev-list' command.
--flags::
Do not output non-flag parameters.
@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@ OPTIONS
properly quoted for consumption by shell. Useful when
you expect your parameter to contain whitespaces and
newlines (e.g. when using pickaxe `-S` with
- `git-diff-\*`).
+ 'git-diff-\*').
--not::
When showing object names, prefix them with '{caret}' and
@@ -128,13 +128,13 @@ OPTIONS
--since=datestring::
--after=datestring::
- Parses the date string, and outputs corresponding
- --max-age= parameter for git-rev-list command.
+ Parse the date string, and output the corresponding
+ --max-age= parameter for 'git-rev-list'.
--until=datestring::
--before=datestring::
- Parses the date string, and outputs corresponding
- --min-age= parameter for git-rev-list command.
+ Parse the date string, and output the corresponding
+ --min-age= parameter for 'git-rev-list'.
<args>...::
Flags and parameters to be parsed.
@@ -155,8 +155,9 @@ blobs contained in a commit.
name the same commit object if there are no other object in
your repository whose object name starts with dae86e.
-* An output from `git-describe`; i.e. a closest tag, followed by a
- dash, a `g`, and an abbreviated object name.
+* An output from 'git-describe'; i.e. a closest tag, optionally
+ followed by a dash and a number of commits, followed by a dash, a
+ `g`, and an abbreviated object name.
* A symbolic ref name. E.g. 'master' typically means the commit
object referenced by $GIT_DIR/refs/heads/master. If you
@@ -166,7 +167,7 @@ blobs contained in a commit.
first match in the following rules:
. if `$GIT_DIR/<name>` exists, that is what you mean (this is usually
- useful only for `HEAD`, `FETCH_HEAD` and `MERGE_HEAD`);
+ useful only for `HEAD`, `FETCH_HEAD`, `ORIG_HEAD` and `MERGE_HEAD`);
. otherwise, `$GIT_DIR/refs/<name>` if exists;
@@ -177,6 +178,16 @@ blobs contained in a commit.
. otherwise, `$GIT_DIR/refs/remotes/<name>` if exists;
. otherwise, `$GIT_DIR/refs/remotes/<name>/HEAD` if exists.
++
+HEAD names the commit your changes in the working tree is based on.
+FETCH_HEAD records the branch you fetched from a remote repository
+with your last 'git-fetch' invocation.
+ORIG_HEAD is created by commands that moves your HEAD in a drastic
+way, to record the position of the HEAD before their operation, so that
+you can change the tip of the branch back to the state before you ran
+them easily.
+MERGE_HEAD records the commit(s) you are merging into your branch
+when you run 'git-merge'.
* A ref followed by the suffix '@' with a date specification
enclosed in a brace
@@ -278,7 +289,7 @@ G H I J
SPECIFYING RANGES
-----------------
-History traversing commands such as `git-log` operate on a set
+History traversing commands such as 'git-log' operate on a set
of commits, not just a single commit. To these commands,
specifying a single revision with the notation described in the
previous section means the set of commits reachable from that
@@ -289,14 +300,14 @@ notation is used. E.g. "`{caret}r1 r2`" means commits reachable
from `r2` but exclude the ones reachable from `r1`.
This set operation appears so often that there is a shorthand
-for it. "`r1..r2`" is equivalent to "`{caret}r1 r2`". It is
-the difference of two sets (subtract the set of commits
-reachable from `r1` from the set of commits reachable from
-`r2`).
+for it. When you have two commits `r1` and `r2` (named according
+to the syntax explained in SPECIFYING REVISIONS above), you can ask
+for commits that are reachable from r2 excluding those that are reachable
+from r1 by "`{caret}r1 r2`" and it can be written as "`r1..r2`".
A similar notation "`r1\...r2`" is called symmetric difference
of `r1` and `r2` and is defined as
-"`r1 r2 --not $(git-merge-base --all r1 r2)`".
+"`r1 r2 --not $(git merge-base --all r1 r2)`".
It is the set of commits that are reachable from either one of
`r1` or `r2` but not from both.
@@ -319,7 +330,7 @@ Here are a handful of examples:
PARSEOPT
--------
-In `--parseopt` mode, `git-rev-parse` helps massaging options to bring to shell
+In `--parseopt` mode, 'git-rev-parse' helps massaging options to bring to shell
scripts the same facilities C builtins have. It works as an option normalizer
(e.g. splits single switches aggregate values), a bit like `getopt(1)` does.
@@ -331,7 +342,7 @@ usage on the standard error stream, and exits with code 129.
Input Format
~~~~~~~~~~~~
-`git-rev-parse --parseopt` input format is fully text based. It has two parts,
+'git-rev-parse --parseopt' input format is fully text based. It has two parts,
separated by a line that contains only `--`. The lines before the separator
(should be more than one) are used for the usage.
The lines after the separator describe the options.
@@ -384,7 +395,7 @@ bar= some cool option --bar with an argument
An option group Header
C? option C with an optional argument"
-eval `echo "$OPTS_SPEC" | git-rev-parse --parseopt -- "$@" || echo exit $?`
+eval `echo "$OPTS_SPEC" | git rev-parse --parseopt -- "$@" || echo exit $?`
------------
EXAMPLES
diff --git a/Documentation/git-revert.txt b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
index 5fdeaff..caa0729 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-revert.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-revert - Revert an existing commit
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-revert' [--edit | --no-edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] <commit>
+'git revert' [--edit | --no-edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] <commit>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -15,6 +15,15 @@ Given one existing commit, revert the change the patch introduces, and record a
new commit that records it. This requires your working tree to be clean (no
modifications from the HEAD commit).
+Note: 'git revert' is used to record a new commit to reverse the
+effect of an earlier commit (often a faulty one). If you want to
+throw away all uncommitted changes in your working directory, you
+should see linkgit:git-reset[1], particularly the '--hard' option. If
+you want to extract specific files as they were in another commit, you
+should see linkgit:git-checkout[1], specifically the 'git checkout
+<commit> -- <filename>' syntax. Take care with these alternatives as
+both will discard uncommitted changes in your working directory.
+
OPTIONS
-------
<commit>::
@@ -24,7 +33,7 @@ OPTIONS
-e::
--edit::
- With this option, `git-revert` will let you edit the commit
+ With this option, 'git-revert' will let you edit the commit
message prior to committing the revert. This is the default if
you run the command from a terminal.
@@ -37,7 +46,7 @@ OPTIONS
relative to the specified parent.
--no-edit::
- With this option, `git-revert` will not start the commit
+ With this option, 'git-revert' will not start the commit
message editor.
-n::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rm.txt b/Documentation/git-rm.txt
index d88554b..5afb1e7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rm.txt
@@ -7,12 +7,12 @@ git-rm - Remove files from the working tree and from the index
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-rm' [-f] [-n] [-r] [--cached] [--ignore-unmatch] [--quiet] [--] <file>...
+'git rm' [-f | --force] [-n] [-r] [--cached] [--ignore-unmatch] [--quiet] [--] <file>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Remove files from the index, or from the working tree and the index.
-`git rm` will not remove a file from just your working directory.
+'git-rm' will not remove a file from just your working directory.
(There is no option to remove a file only from the work tree
and yet keep it in the index; use `/bin/rm` if you want to do that.)
The files being removed have to be identical to the tip of the branch,
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@ OPTIONS
but this requires the `-r` option to be explicitly given.
-f::
+--force::
Override the up-to-date check.
-n::
@@ -63,7 +64,7 @@ OPTIONS
-q::
--quiet::
- git-rm normally outputs one line (in the form of an "rm" command)
+ 'git-rm' normally outputs one line (in the form of an "rm" command)
for each file removed. This option suppresses that output.
@@ -82,7 +83,7 @@ also remove all of directory `d2`.
EXAMPLES
--------
-git-rm Documentation/\\*.txt::
+git rm Documentation/\\*.txt::
Removes all `\*.txt` files from the index that are under the
`Documentation` directory and any of its subdirectories.
+
@@ -90,7 +91,7 @@ Note that the asterisk `\*` is quoted from the shell in this
example; this lets git, and not the shell, expand the pathnames
of files and subdirectories under the `Documentation/` directory.
-git-rm -f git-*.sh::
+git rm -f git-*.sh::
Because this example lets the shell expand the asterisk
(i.e. you are listing the files explicitly), it
does not remove `subdir/git-foo.sh`.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
index 251d661..3c3e1b0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-send-email - Send a collection of patches as emails
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-send-email' [options] <file|directory> [... file|directory]
+'git send-email' [options] <file|directory> [... file|directory]
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@ The --cc option must be repeated for each user you want on the cc list.
--from::
Specify the sender of the emails. This will default to
- the value GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT, as returned by "git-var -l".
+ the value GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT, as returned by "git var -l".
The user will still be prompted to confirm this entry.
--in-reply-to::
@@ -133,10 +133,13 @@ or on the command line. If a username has been specified (with
specified (with --smtp-pass or a configuration variable), then the
user is prompted for a password while the input is masked for privacy.
+--smtp-encryption::
+ Specify the encryption to use, either 'ssl' or 'tls'. Any other
+ value reverts to plain SMTP. Default is the value of
+ 'sendemail.smtpencryption'.
+
--smtp-ssl::
- If set, connects to the SMTP server using SSL.
- Default is the value of the 'sendemail.smtpssl' configuration value;
- if that is unspecified, does not use SSL.
+ Legacy alias for '--smtp-encryption=ssl'.
--subject::
Specify the initial subject of the email thread.
@@ -176,6 +179,9 @@ user is prompted for a password while the input is masked for privacy.
This is useful if your default address is not the address that is
subscribed to a list. If you use the sendmail binary, you must have
suitable privileges for the -f parameter.
+ Default is the value of the 'sendemail.envelopesender' configuration
+ variable; if that is unspecified, choosing the envelope sender is left
+ to your MTA.
--to::
Specify the primary recipient of the emails generated.
@@ -229,8 +235,13 @@ sendemail.smtpuser::
sendemail.smtppass::
Default SMTP-AUTH password.
+sendemail.smtpencryption::
+ Default encryption method. Use 'ssl' for SSL (and specify an
+ appropriate port), or 'tls' for TLS. Takes precedence over
+ 'smtpssl' if both are specified.
+
sendemail.smtpssl::
- Boolean value specifying the default to the '--smtp-ssl' parameter.
+ Legacy boolean that sets 'smtpencryption=ssl' if enabled.
Author
------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
index ba2fdae..3998218 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-pack.txt
@@ -8,12 +8,12 @@ git-send-pack - Push objects over git protocol to another repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-send-pack' [--all] [--dry-run] [--force] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>] [--verbose] [--thin] [<host>:]<directory> [<ref>...]
+'git send-pack' [--all] [--dry-run] [--force] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>] [--verbose] [--thin] [<host>:]<directory> [<ref>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Usually you would want to use linkgit:git-push[1] which is a
-higher level wrapper of this command instead.
+Usually you would want to use 'git-push', which is a
+higher-level wrapper of this command, instead. See linkgit:git-push[1].
Invokes 'git-receive-pack' on a possibly remote repository, and
updates it from the current repository, sending named refs.
@@ -86,8 +86,8 @@ and the destination side (after the colon). The ref to be
pushed is determined by finding a match that matches the source
side, and where it is pushed is determined by using the
destination side. The rules used to match a ref are the same
-rules used by linkgit:git-rev-parse[1] to resolve a symbolic ref
-name.
+rules used by 'git-rev-parse' to resolve a symbolic ref
+name. See linkgit:git-rev-parse[1].
- It is an error if <src> does not match exactly one of the
local refs.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
index c543170..18f14b5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-sh-setup - Common git shell script setup code
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-sh-setup'
+'. "$(git --exec-path)/git-sh-setup"'
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ This is not a command the end user would want to run. Ever.
This documentation is meant for people who are studying the
Porcelain-ish scripts and/or are writing new ones.
-The `git-sh-setup` scriptlet is designed to be sourced (using
+The 'git-sh-setup' scriptlet is designed to be sourced (using
`.`) by other shell scripts to set up some variables pointing at
the normal git directories and a few helper shell functions.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-shell.txt b/Documentation/git-shell.txt
index bd09196..ff420f8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-shell.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-shell.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-shell - Restricted login shell for GIT-only SSH access
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-shell' -c <command> <argument>
+'$(git --exec-path)/git-shell' -c <command> <argument>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@ of server-side GIT commands implementing the pull/push functionality.
The commands can be executed only by the '-c' option; the shell is not
interactive.
-Currently, only the `git-receive-pack` and `git-upload-pack` commands
+Currently, only the 'git-receive-pack' and 'git-upload-pack' commands
are permitted to be called, with a single required argument.
Author
diff --git a/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt b/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
index daa64d4..7ccf31c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
@@ -3,17 +3,17 @@ git-shortlog(1)
NAME
----
-git-shortlog - Summarize 'git log' output
+git-shortlog - Summarize 'git-log' output
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-git-log --pretty=short | 'git-shortlog' [-h] [-n] [-s] [-e] [-w]
-git-shortlog [-n|--numbered] [-s|--summary] [-e|--email] [-w[<width>[,<indent1>[,<indent2>]]]] [<committish>...]
+git log --pretty=short | 'git shortlog' [-h] [-n] [-s] [-e] [-w]
+git shortlog [-n|--numbered] [-s|--summary] [-e|--email] [-w[<width>[,<indent1>[,<indent2>]]]] [<committish>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Summarizes 'git log' output in a format suitable for inclusion
+Summarizes 'git-log' output in a format suitable for inclusion
in release announcements. Each commit will be grouped by author and
the first line of the commit message will be shown.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
index 6f4a2c4..fb269ff 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
@@ -8,10 +8,10 @@ git-show-branch - Show branches and their commits
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-show-branch' [--all] [--remotes] [--topo-order] [--current]
+'git show-branch' [--all] [--remotes] [--topo-order] [--current]
[--more=<n> | --list | --independent | --merge-base]
[--no-name | --sha1-name] [--topics] [<rev> | <glob>]...
-'git-show-branch' (-g|--reflog)[=<n>[,<base>]] [--list] [<ref>]
+'git show-branch' (-g|--reflog)[=<n>[,<base>]] [--list] [<ref>]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -29,8 +29,8 @@ no <rev> nor <glob> is given on the command line.
OPTIONS
-------
<rev>::
- Arbitrary extended SHA1 expression (see `git-rev-parse`)
- that typically names a branch HEAD or a tag.
+ Arbitrary extended SHA1 expression (see linkgit:git-rev-parse[1])
+ that typically names a branch head or a tag.
<glob>::
A glob pattern that matches branch or tag names under
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-index.txt b/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
index 891f0ef..e3285aa 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
@@ -8,13 +8,13 @@ git-show-index - Show packed archive index
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-show-index' < idx-file
+'git show-index' < idx-file
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Reads given idx file for packed git archive created with
-git-pack-objects command, and dumps its contents.
+'git-pack-objects' command, and dumps its contents.
The information it outputs is subset of what you can get from
'git-verify-pack -v'; this command only shows the packfile
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
index 6b99529..2f173ff 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
@@ -8,9 +8,9 @@ git-show-ref - List references in a local repository
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-show-ref' [-q|--quiet] [--verify] [-h|--head] [-d|--dereference]
+'git show-ref' [-q|--quiet] [--verify] [-h|--head] [-d|--dereference]
[-s|--hash] [--abbrev] [--tags] [--heads] [--] <pattern>...
-'git-show-ref' --exclude-existing[=pattern]
+'git show-ref' --exclude-existing[=pattern]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ OPTIONS
--exclude-existing::
--exclude-existing=pattern::
- Make git-show-ref act as a filter that reads refs from stdin of the
+ Make 'git-show-ref' act as a filter that reads refs from stdin of the
form "^(?:<anything>\s)?<refname>(?:\^\{\})?$" and performs the
following actions on each:
(1) strip "^{}" at the end of line if any;
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ OPTIONS
(5) otherwise output the line.
-<pattern>::
+<pattern>...::
Show references matching one or more patterns.
@@ -137,14 +137,14 @@ When using the '--verify' flag, the command requires an exact path:
will only match the exact branch called "master".
-If nothing matches, linkgit:git-show-ref[1] will return an error code of 1,
+If nothing matches, 'git-show-ref' will return an error code of 1,
and in the case of verification, it will show an error message.
For scripting, you can ask it to be quiet with the "--quiet" flag, which
allows you to do things like
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
- git-show-ref --quiet --verify -- "refs/heads/$headname" ||
+ git show-ref --quiet --verify -- "refs/heads/$headname" ||
echo "$headname is not a valid branch"
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show.txt b/Documentation/git-show.txt
index 1017391..48b612e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-show - Show various types of objects
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-show' [options] <object>...
+'git show' [options] <object>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -20,12 +20,12 @@ presents the merge commit in a special format as produced by
For tags, it shows the tag message and the referenced objects.
-For trees, it shows the names (equivalent to linkgit:git-ls-tree[1]
+For trees, it shows the names (equivalent to 'git-ls-tree'
with \--name-only).
For plain blobs, it shows the plain contents.
-The command takes options applicable to the linkgit:git-diff-tree[1] command to
+The command takes options applicable to the 'git-diff-tree' command to
control how the changes the commit introduces are shown.
This manual page describes only the most frequently used options.
@@ -33,8 +33,8 @@ This manual page describes only the most frequently used options.
OPTIONS
-------
-<object>::
- The name of the object to show.
+<object>...::
+ The names of objects to show.
For a more complete list of ways to spell object names, see
"SPECIFYING REVISIONS" section in linkgit:git-rev-parse[1].
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stash.txt b/Documentation/git-stash.txt
index baa4f55..051f94d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stash.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stash.txt
@@ -8,22 +8,27 @@ git-stash - Stash the changes in a dirty working directory away
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-stash' (list | show [<stash>] | apply [<stash>] | clear | drop [<stash>] | pop [<stash>])
-'git-stash' [save [<message>]]
+'git stash' list [<options>]
+'git stash' (show | drop | pop ) [<stash>]
+'git stash' apply [--index] [<stash>]
+'git stash' branch <branchname> [<stash>]
+'git stash' [save [--keep-index] [<message>]]
+'git stash' clear
+'git stash' create
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Use 'git-stash' when you want to record the current state of the
+Use 'git stash' when you want to record the current state of the
working directory and the index, but want to go back to a clean
working directory. The command saves your local modifications away
and reverts the working directory to match the `HEAD` commit.
The modifications stashed away by this command can be listed with
-`git-stash list`, inspected with `git-stash show`, and restored
-(potentially on top of a different commit) with `git-stash apply`.
-Calling git-stash without any arguments is equivalent to `git-stash
-save`. A stash is by default listed as "WIP on 'branchname' ...", but
+`git stash list`, inspected with `git stash show`, and restored
+(potentially on top of a different commit) with `git stash apply`.
+Calling `git stash` without any arguments is equivalent to `git stash save`.
+A stash is by default listed as "WIP on 'branchname' ...", but
you can give a more descriptive message on the command line when
you create one.
@@ -36,12 +41,15 @@ is also possible).
OPTIONS
-------
-save [<message>]::
+save [--keep-index] [<message>]::
- Save your local modifications to a new 'stash', and run `git-reset
+ Save your local modifications to a new 'stash', and run `git reset
--hard` to revert them. This is the default action when no
subcommand is given. The <message> part is optional and gives
the description along with the stashed state.
++
+If the `--keep-index` option is used, all changes already added to the
+index are left intact.
list [<options>]::
@@ -56,15 +64,15 @@ stash@{0}: WIP on submit: 6ebd0e2... Update git-stash documentation
stash@{1}: On master: 9cc0589... Add git-stash
----------------------------------------------------------------
+
-The command takes options applicable to the linkgit:git-log[1]
-command to control what is shown and how.
+The command takes options applicable to the 'git-log'
+command to control what is shown and how. See linkgit:git-log[1].
show [<stash>]::
Show the changes recorded in the stash as a diff between the
stashed state and its original parent. When no `<stash>` is given,
shows the latest one. By default, the command shows the diffstat, but
- it will accept any format known to `git-diff` (e.g., `git-stash show
+ it will accept any format known to 'git-diff' (e.g., `git stash show
-p stash@\{1}` to view the second most recent stash in patch form).
apply [--index] [<stash>]::
@@ -81,6 +89,20 @@ tree's changes, but also the index's ones. However, this can fail, when you
have conflicts (which are stored in the index, where you therefore can no
longer apply the changes as they were originally).
+branch <branchname> [<stash>]::
+
+ Creates and checks out a new branch named `<branchname>` starting from
+ the commit at which the `<stash>` was originally created, applies the
+ changes recorded in `<stash>` to the new working tree and index, then
+ drops the `<stash>` if that completes successfully. When no `<stash>`
+ is given, applies the latest one.
++
+This is useful if the branch on which you ran `git stash save` has
+changed enough that `git stash apply` fails due to conflicts. Since
+the stash is applied on top of the commit that was HEAD at the time
+`git stash` was run, it restores the originally stashed state with
+no conflicts.
+
clear::
Remove all the stashed states. Note that those states will then
be subject to pruning, and may be difficult or impossible to recover.
@@ -96,6 +118,11 @@ pop [<stash>]::
of the current working tree state. When no `<stash>` is given,
`stash@\{0}` is assumed. See also `apply`.
+create::
+
+ Create a stash (which is a regular commit object) and return its
+ object name, without storing it anywhere in the ref namespace.
+
DISCUSSION
----------
@@ -132,7 +159,7 @@ perform a pull, and then unstash, like this:
+
----------------------------------------------------------------
$ git pull
-...
+ ...
file foobar not up to date, cannot merge.
$ git stash
$ git pull
@@ -147,7 +174,7 @@ make a commit to a temporary branch to store your changes away, and
return to your original branch to make the emergency fix, like this:
+
----------------------------------------------------------------
-... hack hack hack ...
+# ... hack hack hack ...
$ git checkout -b my_wip
$ git commit -a -m "WIP"
$ git checkout master
@@ -155,18 +182,36 @@ $ edit emergency fix
$ git commit -a -m "Fix in a hurry"
$ git checkout my_wip
$ git reset --soft HEAD^
-... continue hacking ...
+# ... continue hacking ...
----------------------------------------------------------------
+
-You can use `git-stash` to simplify the above, like this:
+You can use 'git-stash' to simplify the above, like this:
+
----------------------------------------------------------------
-... hack hack hack ...
+# ... hack hack hack ...
$ git stash
$ edit emergency fix
$ git commit -a -m "Fix in a hurry"
$ git stash apply
-... continue hacking ...
+# ... continue hacking ...
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Testing partial commits::
+
+You can use `git stash save --keep-index` when you want to make two or
+more commits out of the changes in the work tree, and you want to test
+each change before committing:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+# ... hack hack hack ...
+$ git add --patch foo # add just first part to the index
+$ git stash save --keep-index # save all other changes to the stash
+$ edit/build/test first part
+$ git commit -m 'First part' # commit fully tested change
+$ git stash pop # prepare to work on all other changes
+# ... repeat above five steps until one commit remains ...
+$ edit/build/test remaining parts
+$ git commit foo -m 'Remaining parts'
----------------------------------------------------------------
SEE ALSO
diff --git a/Documentation/git-status.txt b/Documentation/git-status.txt
index 6026e8b..84f60f3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-status.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-status.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-status - Show the working tree status
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-status' <options>...
+'git status' <options>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -17,16 +17,16 @@ current HEAD commit, paths that have differences between the working
tree and the index file, and paths in the working tree that are not
tracked by git (and are not ignored by linkgit:gitignore[5]). The first
are what you _would_ commit by running `git commit`; the second and
-third are what you _could_ commit by running `git add` before running
+third are what you _could_ commit by running 'git-add' before running
`git commit`.
-The command takes the same set of options as `git-commit`; it
+The command takes the same set of options as 'git-commit'; it
shows what would be committed if the same options are given to
-`git-commit`.
+'git-commit'.
If there is no path that is different between the index file and
the current HEAD commit (i.e., there is nothing to commit by running
-`git-commit`), the command exits with non-zero status.
+`git commit`), the command exits with non-zero status.
OUTPUT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
index 8421a39..7508c0e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stripspace.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-stripspace - Filter out empty lines
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-stripspace' [-s | --strip-comments] < <stream>
+'git stripspace' [-s | --strip-comments] < <stream>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
index 441ae14..e6652a7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
@@ -9,40 +9,104 @@ git-submodule - Initialize, update or inspect submodules
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-submodule' [--quiet] add [-b branch] [--] <repository> [<path>]
-'git-submodule' [--quiet] status [--cached] [--] [<path>...]
-'git-submodule' [--quiet] init [--] [<path>...]
-'git-submodule' [--quiet] update [--init] [--] [<path>...]
-'git-submodule' [--quiet] summary [--summary-limit <n>] [commit] [--] [<path>...]
+'git submodule' [--quiet] add [-b branch] [--] <repository> <path>
+'git submodule' [--quiet] status [--cached] [--] [<path>...]
+'git submodule' [--quiet] init [--] [<path>...]
+'git submodule' [--quiet] update [--init] [--] [<path>...]
+'git submodule' [--quiet] summary [--summary-limit <n>] [commit] [--] [<path>...]
+
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Submodules allow foreign repositories to be embedded within
+a dedicated subdirectory of the source tree, always pointed
+at a particular commit.
+
+They are not to be confused with remotes, which are meant mainly
+for branches of the same project; submodules are meant for
+different projects you would like to make part of your source tree,
+while the history of the two projects still stays completely
+independent and you cannot modify the contents of the submodule
+from within the main project.
+If you want to merge the project histories and want to treat the
+aggregated whole as a single project from then on, you may want to
+add a remote for the other project and use the 'subtree' merge strategy,
+instead of treating the other project as a submodule. Directories
+that come from both projects can be cloned and checked out as a whole
+if you choose to go that route.
+
+Submodules are composed from a so-called `gitlink` tree entry
+in the main repository that refers to a particular commit object
+within the inner repository that is completely separate.
+A record in the `.gitmodules` file at the root of the source
+tree assigns a logical name to the submodule and describes
+the default URL the submodule shall be cloned from.
+The logical name can be used for overriding this URL within your
+local repository configuration (see 'submodule init').
+
+This command will manage the tree entries and contents of the
+gitmodules file for you, as well as inspect the status of your
+submodules and update them.
+When adding a new submodule to the tree, the 'add' subcommand
+is to be used. However, when pulling a tree containing submodules,
+these will not be checked out by default;
+the 'init' and 'update' subcommands will maintain submodules
+checked out and at appropriate revision in your working tree.
+You can briefly inspect the up-to-date status of your submodules
+using the 'status' subcommand and get a detailed overview of the
+difference between the index and checkouts using the 'summary'
+subcommand.
COMMANDS
--------
add::
Add the given repository as a submodule at the given path
- to the changeset to be committed next. If path is a valid
- repository within the project, it is added as is. Otherwise,
- repository is cloned at the specified path. path is added to the
- changeset and registered in .gitmodules. If no path is
- specified, the path is deduced from the repository specification.
- If the repository url begins with ./ or ../, it is stored as
- given but resolved as a relative path from the main project's
- url when cloning.
+ to the changeset to be committed next to the current
+ project: the current project is termed the "superproject".
++
+This requires two arguments: <repository> and <path>.
++
+<repository> is the URL of the new submodule's origin repository.
+This may be either an absolute URL, or (if it begins with ./
+or ../), the location relative to the superproject's origin
+repository.
++
+<path> is the relative location for the cloned submodule to
+exist in the superproject. If <path> does not exist, then the
+submodule is created by cloning from the named URL. If <path> does
+exist and is already a valid git repository, then this is added
+to the changeset without cloning. This second form is provided
+to ease creating a new submodule from scratch, and presumes
+the user will later push the submodule to the given URL.
++
+In either case, the given URL is recorded into .gitmodules for
+use by subsequent users cloning the superproject. If the URL is
+given relative to the superproject's repository, the presumption
+is the superproject and submodule repositories will be kept
+together in the same relative location, and only the
+superproject's URL needs to be provided: git-submodule will correctly
+locate the submodule using the relative URL in .gitmodules.
status::
Show the status of the submodules. This will print the SHA-1 of the
currently checked out commit for each submodule, along with the
- submodule path and the output of linkgit:git-describe[1] for the
+ submodule path and the output of 'git-describe' for the
SHA-1. Each SHA-1 will be prefixed with `-` if the submodule is not
initialized and `+` if the currently checked out submodule commit
does not match the SHA-1 found in the index of the containing
- repository. This command is the default command for git-submodule.
+ repository. This command is the default command for 'git-submodule'.
init::
- Initialize the submodules, i.e. register in .git/config each submodule
- name and url found in .gitmodules. The key used in .git/config is
- `submodule.$name.url`. This command does not alter existing information
- in .git/config.
+ Initialize the submodules, i.e. register each submodule name
+ and url found in .gitmodules into .git/config.
+ The key used in .git/config is `submodule.$name.url`.
+ This command does not alter existing information in .git/config.
+ You can then customize the submodule clone URLs in .git/config
+ for your local setup and proceed to 'git submodule update';
+ you can also just use 'git submodule update --init' without
+ the explicit 'init' step if you do not intend to customize
+ any submodule locations.
update::
Update the registered submodules, i.e. clone missing submodules and
@@ -82,9 +146,10 @@ OPTIONS
(the default). This limit only applies to modified submodules. The
size is always limited to 1 for added/deleted/typechanged submodules.
-<path>::
- Path to submodule(s). When specified this will restrict the command
+<path>...::
+ Paths to submodule(s). When specified this will restrict the command
to only operate on the submodules found at the specified paths.
+ (This argument is required with add).
FILES
-----
diff --git a/Documentation/git-svn.txt b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
index c350ad0..5d6d30f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-svn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
@@ -7,23 +7,23 @@ git-svn - Bidirectional operation between a single Subversion branch and git
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-svn' <command> [options] [arguments]
+'git svn' <command> [options] [arguments]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-git-svn is a simple conduit for changesets between Subversion and git.
-It is not to be confused with linkgit:git-svnimport[1], which is
-read-only.
+'git-svn' is a simple conduit for changesets between Subversion and git.
+It provides a bidirectional flow of changes between a Subversion and a git
+repository.
-git-svn was originally designed for an individual developer who wants a
-bidirectional flow of changesets between a single branch in Subversion
-and an arbitrary number of branches in git. Since its inception,
-git-svn has gained the ability to track multiple branches in a manner
-similar to git-svnimport.
+'git-svn' can track a single Subversion branch simply by using a
+URL to the branch, follow branches laid out in the Subversion recommended
+method (trunk, branches, tags directories) with the --stdlayout option, or
+follow branches in any layout with the -T/-t/-b options (see options to
+'init' below, and also the 'clone' command).
-git-svn is especially useful when it comes to tracking repositories
-not organized in the way Subversion developers recommend (trunk,
-branches, tags directories).
+Once tracking a Subversion branch (with any of the above methods), the git
+repository can be updated from Subversion by the 'fetch' command and
+Subversion updated from git by the 'dcommit' command.
COMMANDS
--------
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ COMMANDS
'init'::
Initializes an empty git repository with additional
- metadata directories for git-svn. The Subversion URL
+ metadata directories for 'git-svn'. The Subversion URL
may be specified as a command-line argument, or as full
URL arguments to -T/-t/-b. Optionally, the target
directory to operate on can be specified as a second
@@ -107,12 +107,12 @@ COMMANDS
This fetches revisions from the SVN parent of the current HEAD
and rebases the current (uncommitted to SVN) work against it.
-This works similarly to 'svn update' or 'git-pull' except that
+This works similarly to `svn update` or 'git-pull' except that
it preserves linear history with 'git-rebase' instead of
-'git-merge' for ease of dcommiting with git-svn.
+'git-merge' for ease of dcommitting with 'git-svn'.
This accepts all options that 'git-svn fetch' and 'git-rebase'
-accepts. However '--fetch-all' only fetches from the current
+accept. However, '--fetch-all' only fetches from the current
[svn-remote], and not all [svn-remote] definitions.
Like 'git-rebase'; this requires that the working tree be clean
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ and have no uncommitted changes.
repository, and then rebase or reset (depending on whether or
not there is a diff between SVN and head). This will create
a revision in SVN for each commit in git.
- It is recommended that you run git-svn fetch and rebase (not
+ It is recommended that you run 'git-svn' fetch and rebase (not
pull or merge) your commits against the latest changes in the
SVN repository.
An optional command-line argument may be specified as an
@@ -138,6 +138,15 @@ and have no uncommitted changes.
+
--no-rebase;;
After committing, do not rebase or reset.
+--commit-url <URL>;;
+ Commit to this SVN URL (the full path). This is intended to
+ allow existing git-svn repositories created with one transport
+ method (e.g. `svn://` or `http://` for anonymous read) to be
+ reused if a user is later given access to an alternate transport
+ method (e.g. `svn+ssh://` or `https://`) for commit.
+
+ Using this option for any other purpose (don't ask)
+ is very strongly discouraged.
--
'log'::
@@ -173,7 +182,7 @@ NOTE: SVN itself only stores times in UTC and nothing else. The regular svn
client converts the UTC time to the local time (or based on the TZ=
environment). This command has the same behaviour.
+
-Any other arguments are passed directly to `git log'
+Any other arguments are passed directly to 'git-log'
'blame'::
Show what revision and author last modified each line of a file. The
@@ -181,10 +190,10 @@ Any other arguments are passed directly to `git log'
`svn blame' by default. Like the SVN blame command,
local uncommitted changes in the working copy are ignored;
the version of the file in the HEAD revision is annotated. Unknown
- arguments are passed directly to git-blame.
+ arguments are passed directly to 'git-blame'.
+
--git-format;;
- Produce output in the same format as `git blame', but with
+ Produce output in the same format as 'git-blame', but with
SVN revision numbers instead of git commit hashes. In this mode,
changes that haven't been committed to SVN (including local
working-copy edits) are shown as revision 0.
@@ -203,13 +212,13 @@ Any other arguments are passed directly to `git log'
absolutely no attempts to do patching when committing to SVN, it
simply overwrites files with those specified in the tree or
commit. All merging is assumed to have taken place
- independently of git-svn functions.
+ independently of 'git-svn' functions.
'create-ignore'::
Recursively finds the svn:ignore property on directories and
creates matching .gitignore files. The resulting files are staged to
be committed, but are not committed. Use -r/--revision to refer to a
- specfic revision.
+ specific revision.
'show-ignore'::
Recursively finds and lists the svn:ignore property on
@@ -218,13 +227,12 @@ Any other arguments are passed directly to `git log'
'commit-diff'::
Commits the diff of two tree-ish arguments from the
- command-line. This command is intended for interoperability with
- git-svnimport and does not rely on being inside an git-svn
- init-ed repository. This command takes three arguments, (a) the
+ command-line. This command does not rely on being inside an `git-svn
+ init`-ed repository. This command takes three arguments, (a) the
original tree to diff against, (b) the new tree result, (c) the
URL of the target Subversion repository. The final argument
- (URL) may be omitted if you are working from a git-svn-aware
- repository (that has been init-ed with git-svn).
+ (URL) may be omitted if you are working from a 'git-svn'-aware
+ repository (that has been `init`-ed with 'git-svn').
The -r<revision> option is required for this.
'info'::
@@ -255,7 +263,7 @@ OPTIONS
--shared[={false|true|umask|group|all|world|everybody}]::
--template=<template_directory>::
Only used with the 'init' command.
- These are passed directly to linkgit:git-init[1].
+ These are passed directly to 'git-init'.
-r <ARG>::
--revision <ARG>::
@@ -277,7 +285,7 @@ Only used with the 'set-tree' command.
Read a list of commits from stdin and commit them in reverse
order. Only the leading sha1 is read from each line, so
-git-rev-list --pretty=oneline output can be used.
+'git-rev-list --pretty=oneline' output can be used.
--rmdir::
@@ -307,7 +315,7 @@ config key: svn.edit
Only used with the 'dcommit', 'set-tree' and 'commit-diff' commands.
-They are both passed directly to git-diff-tree see
+They are both passed directly to 'git-diff-tree'; see
linkgit:git-diff-tree[1] for more information.
[verse]
@@ -317,24 +325,23 @@ config key: svn.findcopiesharder
-A<filename>::
--authors-file=<filename>::
-Syntax is compatible with the files used by git-svnimport and
-git-cvsimport:
+Syntax is compatible with the file used by 'git-cvsimport':
------------------------------------------------------------------------
loginname = Joe User <user@example.com>
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-If this option is specified and git-svn encounters an SVN
-committer name that does not exist in the authors-file, git-svn
+If this option is specified and 'git-svn' encounters an SVN
+committer name that does not exist in the authors-file, 'git-svn'
will abort operation. The user will then have to add the
-appropriate entry. Re-running the previous git-svn command
+appropriate entry. Re-running the previous 'git-svn' command
after the authors-file is modified should continue operation.
config key: svn.authorsfile
-q::
--quiet::
- Make git-svn less verbose.
+ Make 'git-svn' less verbose.
--repack[=<n>]::
--repack-flags=<flags>::
@@ -346,7 +353,7 @@ with many revisions.
to fetch before repacking. This defaults to repacking every
1000 commits fetched if no argument is specified.
---repack-flags are passed directly to linkgit:git-repack[1].
+--repack-flags are passed directly to 'git-repack'.
[verse]
config key: svn.repack
@@ -359,8 +366,8 @@ config key: svn.repackflags
These are only used with the 'dcommit' and 'rebase' commands.
-Passed directly to git-rebase when using 'dcommit' if a
-'git-reset' cannot be used (see dcommit).
+Passed directly to 'git-rebase' when using 'dcommit' if a
+'git-reset' cannot be used (see 'dcommit').
-n::
--dry-run::
@@ -411,9 +418,9 @@ CONFIG FILE-ONLY OPTIONS
svn.noMetadata::
svn-remote.<name>.noMetadata::
-This gets rid of the git-svn-id: lines at the end of every commit.
+This gets rid of the 'git-svn-id:' lines at the end of every commit.
-If you lose your .git/svn/git-svn/.rev_db file, git-svn will not
+If you lose your .git/svn/git-svn/.rev_db file, 'git-svn' will not
be able to rebuild it and you won't be able to fetch again,
either. This is fine for one-shot imports.
@@ -424,7 +431,7 @@ option for (hopefully) obvious reasons.
svn.useSvmProps::
svn-remote.<name>.useSvmProps::
-This allows git-svn to re-map repository URLs and UUIDs from
+This allows 'git-svn' to re-map repository URLs and UUIDs from
mirrors created using SVN::Mirror (or svk) for metadata.
If an SVN revision has a property, "svm:headrev", it is likely
@@ -443,7 +450,7 @@ svn-remote.<name>.useSvnsyncprops::
svn-remote.<name>.rewriteRoot::
This allows users to create repositories from alternate
- URLs. For example, an administrator could run git-svn on the
+ URLs. For example, an administrator could run 'git-svn' on the
server locally (accessing via file://) but wish to distribute
the repository with a public http:// or svn:// URL in the
metadata so users of it will see the public URL.
@@ -451,7 +458,7 @@ svn-remote.<name>.rewriteRoot::
--
Since the noMetadata, rewriteRoot, useSvnsyncProps and useSvmProps
-options all affect the metadata generated and used by git-svn; they
+options all affect the metadata generated and used by 'git-svn'; they
*must* be set in the configuration file before any history is imported
and these settings should never be changed once they are set.
@@ -466,7 +473,7 @@ Tracking and contributing to the trunk of a Subversion-managed project:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Clone a repo (like git clone):
- git-svn clone http://svn.foo.org/project/trunk
+ git svn clone http://svn.example.com/project/trunk
# Enter the newly cloned directory:
cd trunk
# You should be on master branch, double-check with git-branch
@@ -475,12 +482,12 @@ Tracking and contributing to the trunk of a Subversion-managed project:
git commit ...
# Something is committed to SVN, rebase your local changes against the
# latest changes in SVN:
- git-svn rebase
+ git svn rebase
# Now commit your changes (that were committed previously using git) to SVN,
# as well as automatically updating your working HEAD:
- git-svn dcommit
+ git svn dcommit
# Append svn:ignore settings to the default git exclude file:
- git-svn show-ignore >> .git/info/exclude
+ git svn show-ignore >> .git/info/exclude
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Tracking and contributing to an entire Subversion-managed project
@@ -488,7 +495,7 @@ Tracking and contributing to an entire Subversion-managed project
------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Clone a repo (like git clone):
- git-svn clone http://svn.foo.org/project -T trunk -b branches -t tags
+ git svn clone http://svn.example.com/project -T trunk -b branches -t tags
# View all branches and tags you have cloned:
git branch -r
# Reset your master to trunk (or any other branch, replacing 'trunk'
@@ -501,45 +508,47 @@ Tracking and contributing to an entire Subversion-managed project
The initial 'git-svn clone' can be quite time-consuming
(especially for large Subversion repositories). If multiple
people (or one person with multiple machines) want to use
-git-svn to interact with the same Subversion repository, you can
+'git-svn' to interact with the same Subversion repository, you can
do the initial 'git-svn clone' to a repository on a server and
-have each person clone that repository with 'git clone':
+have each person clone that repository with 'git-clone':
------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Do the initial import on a server
- ssh server "cd /pub && git-svn clone http://svn.foo.org/project
+ ssh server "cd /pub && git svn clone http://svn.example.com/project
# Clone locally - make sure the refs/remotes/ space matches the server
mkdir project
cd project
- git-init
+ git init
git remote add origin server:/pub/project
git config --add remote.origin.fetch '+refs/remotes/*:refs/remotes/*'
git fetch
+# Create a local branch from one of the branches just fetched
+ git checkout -b master FETCH_HEAD
# Initialize git-svn locally (be sure to use the same URL and -T/-b/-t options as were used on server)
- git-svn init http://svn.foo.org/project
+ git svn init http://svn.example.com/project
# Pull the latest changes from Subversion
- git-svn rebase
+ git svn rebase
------------------------------------------------------------------------
REBASE VS. PULL/MERGE
---------------------
-Originally, git-svn recommended that the remotes/git-svn branch be
+Originally, 'git-svn' recommended that the 'remotes/git-svn' branch be
pulled or merged from. This is because the author favored
-'git-svn set-tree B' to commit a single head rather than the
-'git-svn set-tree A..B' notation to commit multiple commits.
+`git svn set-tree B` to commit a single head rather than the
+`git svn set-tree A..B` notation to commit multiple commits.
-If you use 'git-svn set-tree A..B' to commit several diffs and you do
+If you use `git svn set-tree A..B` to commit several diffs and you do
not have the latest remotes/git-svn merged into my-branch, you should
-use 'git-svn rebase' to update your work branch instead of 'git pull' or
-'git merge'. 'pull/merge' can cause non-linear history to be flattened
+use `git svn rebase` to update your work branch instead of `git pull` or
+`git merge`. `pull`/`merge' can cause non-linear history to be flattened
when committing into SVN, which can lead to merge commits reversing
previous commits in SVN.
DESIGN PHILOSOPHY
-----------------
Merge tracking in Subversion is lacking and doing branched development
-with Subversion can be cumbersome as a result. While git-svn can track
+with Subversion can be cumbersome as a result. While 'git-svn' can track
copy history (including branches and tags) for repositories adopting a
standard layout, it cannot yet represent merge history that happened
inside git back upstream to SVN users. Therefore it is advised that
@@ -550,30 +559,30 @@ CAVEATS
-------
For the sake of simplicity and interoperating with a less-capable system
-(SVN), it is recommended that all git-svn users clone, fetch and dcommit
-directly from the SVN server, and avoid all git-clone/pull/merge/push
+(SVN), it is recommended that all 'git-svn' users clone, fetch and dcommit
+directly from the SVN server, and avoid all 'git-clone'/'pull'/'merge'/'push'
operations between git repositories and branches. The recommended
method of exchanging code between git branches and users is
-git-format-patch and git-am, or just dcommiting to the SVN repository.
+'git-format-patch' and 'git-am', or just 'dcommit'ing to the SVN repository.
Running 'git-merge' or 'git-pull' is NOT recommended on a branch you
-plan to dcommit from. Subversion does not represent merges in any
+plan to 'dcommit' from. Subversion does not represent merges in any
reasonable or useful fashion; so users using Subversion cannot see any
merges you've made. Furthermore, if you merge or pull from a git branch
-that is a mirror of an SVN branch, dcommit may commit to the wrong
+that is a mirror of an SVN branch, 'dcommit' may commit to the wrong
branch.
'git-clone' does not clone branches under the refs/remotes/ hierarchy or
-any git-svn metadata, or config. So repositories created and managed with
-using git-svn should use rsync(1) for cloning, if cloning is to be done
+any 'git-svn' metadata, or config. So repositories created and managed with
+using 'git-svn' should use 'rsync' for cloning, if cloning is to be done
at all.
-Since 'dcommit' uses rebase internally, any git branches you git-push to
-before dcommit on will require forcing an overwrite of the existing ref
+Since 'dcommit' uses rebase internally, any git branches you 'git-push' to
+before 'dcommit' on will require forcing an overwrite of the existing ref
on the remote repository. This is generally considered bad practice,
-see the git-push(1) documentation for details.
+see the linkgit:git-push[1] documentation for details.
-Do not use the --amend option of git-commit(1) on a change you've
+Do not use the --amend option of linkgit:git-commit[1] on a change you've
already dcommitted. It is considered bad practice to --amend commits
you've already pushed to a remote repository for other users, and
dcommit with SVN is analogous to that.
@@ -594,7 +603,7 @@ for git to detect them.
CONFIGURATION
-------------
-git-svn stores [svn-remote] configuration information in the
+'git-svn' stores [svn-remote] configuration information in the
repository .git/config file. It is similar the core git
[remote] sections except 'fetch' keys do not accept glob
arguments; but they are instead handled by the 'branches'
@@ -615,8 +624,7 @@ Keep in mind that the '*' (asterisk) wildcard of the local ref
however the remote wildcard may be anywhere as long as it's own
independent path component (surrounded by '/' or EOL). This
type of configuration is not automatically created by 'init' and
-should be manually entered with a text-editor or using
-linkgit:git-config[1]
+should be manually entered with a text-editor or using 'git-config'.
SEE ALSO
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-symbolic-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-symbolic-ref.txt
index 5709dee..210fde0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-symbolic-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-symbolic-ref.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-symbolic-ref - Read and modify symbolic refs
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-symbolic-ref' [-q] [-m <reason>] <name> [<ref>]
+'git symbolic-ref' [-q] [-m <reason>] <name> [<ref>]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ cumbersome. On some platforms, `ln -sf` does not even work as
advertised (horrors). Therefore symbolic links are now deprecated
and symbolic refs are used by default.
-git-symbolic-ref will exit with status 0 if the contents of the
+'git-symbolic-ref' will exit with status 0 if the contents of the
symbolic ref were printed correctly, with status 1 if the requested
name is not a symbolic ref, or 128 if another error occurs.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
index 6cf11ce..046ab35 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
@@ -9,10 +9,11 @@ git-tag - Create, list, delete or verify a tag object signed with GPG
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-tag' [-a | -s | -u <key-id>] [-f] [-m <msg> | -F <file>] <name> [<head>]
-'git-tag' -d <name>...
-'git-tag' [-n[<num>]] -l [<pattern>]
-'git-tag' -v <name>...
+'git tag' [-a | -s | -u <key-id>] [-f] [-m <msg> | -F <file>]
+ <name> [<commit> | <object>]
+'git tag' -d <name>...
+'git tag' [-n[<num>]] -l [<pattern>]
+'git tag' -v <name>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -82,7 +83,7 @@ OPTIONS
CONFIGURATION
-------------
-By default, git-tag in sign-with-default mode (-s) will use your
+By default, 'git-tag' in sign-with-default mode (-s) will use your
committer identity (of the form "Your Name <your@email.address>") to
find a key. If you want to use a different default key, you can specify
it in the repository configuration as follows:
@@ -118,12 +119,12 @@ and be done with it.
. The insane thing.
You really want to call the new version "X" too, 'even though'
-others have already seen the old one. So just use "git tag -f"
+others have already seen the old one. So just use 'git-tag -f'
again, as if you hadn't already published the old one.
However, Git does *not* (and it should not) change tags behind
-users back. So if somebody already got the old tag, doing a "git
-pull" on your tree shouldn't just make them overwrite the old
+users back. So if somebody already got the old tag, doing a
+'git-pull' on your tree shouldn't just make them overwrite the old
one.
If somebody got a release tag from you, you cannot just change
@@ -177,7 +178,7 @@ private anchor point tags from the other person.
You would notice "please pull" messages on the mailing list says
repo URL and branch name alone. This is designed to be easily
-cut&pasted to "git fetch" command line:
+cut&pasted to a 'git-fetch' command line:
------------
Linus, please pull from
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tar-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-tar-tree.txt
index 74ed065..a5d9558 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tar-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tar-tree.txt
@@ -8,23 +8,23 @@ git-tar-tree - Create a tar archive of the files in the named tree object
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-tar-tree' [--remote=<repo>] <tree-ish> [ <base> ]
+'git tar-tree' [--remote=<repo>] <tree-ish> [ <base> ]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-THIS COMMAND IS DEPRECATED. Use `git-archive` with `--format=tar`
+THIS COMMAND IS DEPRECATED. Use 'git-archive' with `--format=tar`
option instead (and move the <base> argument to `--prefix=base/`).
Creates a tar archive containing the tree structure for the named tree.
When <base> is specified it is added as a leading path to the files in the
generated tar archive.
-git-tar-tree behaves differently when given a tree ID versus when given
+'git-tar-tree' behaves differently when given a tree ID versus when given
a commit ID or tag ID. In the first case the current time is used as
modification time of each file in the archive. In the latter case the
commit time as recorded in the referenced commit object is used instead.
Additionally the commit ID is stored in a global extended pax header.
-It can be extracted using git-get-tar-commit-id.
+It can be extracted using 'git-get-tar-commit-id'.
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-unpack-file.txt b/Documentation/git-unpack-file.txt
index d0552b2..995db9f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-unpack-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-unpack-file.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-unpack-file - Creates a temporary file with a blob's contents
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-unpack-file' <blob>
+'git unpack-file' <blob>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt
index b9c4279..36d1038 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-unpack-objects.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-unpack-objects - Unpack objects from a packed archive
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-unpack-objects' [-n] [-q] [-r] [--strict] <pack-file
+'git unpack-objects' [-n] [-q] [-r] [--strict] <pack-file
DESCRIPTION
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@ Objects that already exist in the repository will *not* be unpacked
from the pack-file. Therefore, nothing will be unpacked if you use
this command on a pack-file that exists within the target repository.
-Please see the `git-repack` documentation for options to generate
+See linkgit:git-repack[1] for options to generate
new packs and replace existing ones.
OPTIONS
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
index bbb0a6a..25e0bbe 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-update-index - Register file contents in the working tree to the index
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git-update-index'
+'git update-index'
[--add] [--remove | --force-remove] [--replace]
[--refresh] [-q] [--unmerged] [--ignore-missing]
[--cacheinfo <mode> <object> <file>]\*
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ cleared.
See also linkgit:git-add[1] for a more user-friendly way to do some of
the most common operations on the index.
-The way "git-update-index" handles files it is told about can be modified
+The way 'git-update-index' handles files it is told about can be modified
using the various options:
OPTIONS
@@ -53,15 +53,15 @@ OPTIONS
-q::
Quiet. If --refresh finds that the index needs an update, the
default behavior is to error out. This option makes
- git-update-index continue anyway.
+ 'git-update-index' continue anyway.
---ignore-submodules:
+--ignore-submodules::
Do not try to update submodules. This option is only respected
when passed before --refresh.
--unmerged::
If --refresh finds unmerged changes in the index, the default
- behavior is to error out. This option makes git-update-index
+ behavior is to error out. This option makes 'git-update-index'
continue anyway.
--ignore-missing::
@@ -78,9 +78,9 @@ OPTIONS
--assume-unchanged::
--no-assume-unchanged::
- When these flags are specified, the object name recorded
+ When these flags are specified, the object names recorded
for the paths are not updated. Instead, these options
- sets and unsets the "assume unchanged" bit for the
+ set and unset the "assume unchanged" bit for the
paths. When the "assume unchanged" bit is on, git stops
checking the working tree files for possible
modifications, so you need to manually unset the bit to
@@ -88,10 +88,20 @@ OPTIONS
sometimes helpful when working with a big project on a
filesystem that has very slow lstat(2) system call
(e.g. cifs).
++
+This option can be also used as a coarse file-level mechanism
+to ignore uncommitted changes in tracked files (akin to what
+`.gitignore` does for untracked files).
+You should remember that an explicit 'git add' operation will
+still cause the file to be refreshed from the working tree.
+Git will fail (gracefully) in case it needs to modify this file
+in the index e.g. when merging in a commit;
+thus, in case the assumed-untracked file is changed upstream,
+you will need to handle the situation manually.
-g::
--again::
- Runs `git-update-index` itself on the paths whose index
+ Runs 'git-update-index' itself on the paths whose index
entries are different from those from the `HEAD` commit.
--unresolve::
@@ -109,10 +119,10 @@ OPTIONS
--replace::
By default, when a file `path` exists in the index,
- git-update-index refuses an attempt to add `path/file`.
+ 'git-update-index' refuses an attempt to add `path/file`.
Similarly if a file `path/file` exists, a file `path`
cannot be added. With --replace flag, existing entries
- that conflicts with the entry being added are
+ that conflict with the entry being added are
automatically removed with warning messages.
--stdin::
@@ -145,7 +155,7 @@ up-to-date for mode/content changes. But what it *does* do is to
can refresh the index for a file that hasn't been changed but where
the stat entry is out of date.
-For example, you'd want to do this after doing a "git-read-tree", to link
+For example, you'd want to do this after doing a 'git-read-tree', to link
up the stat index details with the proper files.
Using --cacheinfo or --info-only
@@ -157,7 +167,7 @@ merging.
To pretend you have a file with mode and sha1 at path, say:
----------------
-$ git-update-index --cacheinfo mode sha1 path
+$ git update-index --cacheinfo mode sha1 path
----------------
'--info-only' is used to register files without placing them in the object
@@ -186,13 +196,13 @@ back on 3-way merge.
. mode SP type SP sha1 TAB path
+
-The second format is to stuff git-ls-tree output
+The second format is to stuff 'git-ls-tree' output
into the index file.
. mode SP sha1 SP stage TAB path
+
This format is to put higher order stages into the
-index file and matches git-ls-files --stage output.
+index file and matches 'git-ls-files --stage' output.
To place a higher stage entry to the index, the path should
first be removed by feeding a mode=0 entry for the path, and
@@ -247,13 +257,13 @@ In order to set "assume unchanged" bit, use `--assume-unchanged`
option. To unset, use `--no-assume-unchanged`.
The command looks at `core.ignorestat` configuration variable. When
-this is true, paths updated with `git-update-index paths...` and
+this is true, paths updated with `git update-index paths...` and
paths updated with other git commands that update both index and
-working tree (e.g. `git-apply --index`, `git-checkout-index -u`,
-and `git-read-tree -u`) are automatically marked as "assume
+working tree (e.g. 'git-apply --index', 'git-checkout-index -u',
+and 'git-read-tree -u') are automatically marked as "assume
unchanged". Note that "assume unchanged" bit is *not* set if
-`git-update-index --refresh` finds the working tree file matches
-the index (use `git-update-index --really-refresh` if you want
+`git update-index --refresh` finds the working tree file matches
+the index (use `git update-index --really-refresh` if you want
to mark them as "assume unchanged").
@@ -262,7 +272,7 @@ Examples
To update and refresh only the files already checked out:
----------------
-$ git-checkout-index -n -f -a && git-update-index --ignore-missing --refresh
+$ git checkout-index -n -f -a && git update-index --ignore-missing --refresh
----------------
On an inefficient filesystem with `core.ignorestat` set::
@@ -303,7 +313,7 @@ unreliable, this should be set to 'false' (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
This causes the command to ignore differences in file modes recorded
in the index and the file mode on the filesystem if they differ only on
executable bit. On such an unfortunate filesystem, you may
-need to use `git-update-index --chmod=`.
+need to use 'git-update-index --chmod='.
Quite similarly, if `core.symlinks` configuration variable is set
to 'false' (see linkgit:git-config[1]), symbolic links are checked out
@@ -313,6 +323,11 @@ from symbolic link to regular file.
The command looks at `core.ignorestat` configuration variable. See
'Using "assume unchanged" bit' section above.
+The command also looks at `core.trustctime` configuration variable.
+It can be useful when the inode change time is regularly modified by
+something outside Git (file system crawlers and backup systems use
+ctime for marking files processed) (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
+
SEE ALSO
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
index 7f7e3d1..9639f70 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
@@ -7,18 +7,18 @@ git-update-ref - Update the object name stored in a ref safely
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-update-ref' [-m <reason>] (-d <ref> <oldvalue> | [--no-deref] <ref> <newvalue> [<oldvalue>])
+'git update-ref' [-m <reason>] (-d <ref> [<oldvalue>] | [--no-deref] <ref> <newvalue> [<oldvalue>])
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Given two arguments, stores the <newvalue> in the <ref>, possibly
-dereferencing the symbolic refs. E.g. `git-update-ref HEAD
+dereferencing the symbolic refs. E.g. `git update-ref HEAD
<newvalue>` updates the current branch head to the new object.
Given three arguments, stores the <newvalue> in the <ref>,
possibly dereferencing the symbolic refs, after verifying that
the current value of the <ref> matches <oldvalue>.
-E.g. `git-update-ref refs/heads/master <newvalue> <oldvalue>`
+E.g. `git update-ref refs/heads/master <newvalue> <oldvalue>`
updates the master branch head to <newvalue> only if its current
value is <oldvalue>. You can specify 40 "0" or an empty string
as <oldvalue> to make sure that the ref you are creating does
@@ -41,7 +41,7 @@ the result of following the symbolic pointers.
In general, using
- git-update-ref HEAD "$head"
+ git update-ref HEAD "$head"
should be a _lot_ safer than doing
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ still contains <oldvalue>.
Logging Updates
---------------
If config parameter "core.logAllRefUpdates" is true or the file
-"$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" exists then `git-update-ref` will append
+"$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" exists then `git update-ref` will append
a line to the log file "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" (dereferencing all
symbolic refs before creating the log name) describing the change
in ref value. Log lines are formatted as:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-server-info.txt b/Documentation/git-update-server-info.txt
index 4fd7b5e..35d27b0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-server-info.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-server-info.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-update-server-info - Update auxiliary info file to help dumb servers
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-update-server-info' [--force]
+'git update-server-info' [--force]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ OUTPUT
------
Currently the command updates the following files. Please see
-linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5][repository-layout] for description of
+linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5] for description of
what they are for:
* objects/info/packs
diff --git a/Documentation/git-upload-archive.txt b/Documentation/git-upload-archive.txt
index e49f68f..bbd7617 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-upload-archive.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-upload-archive.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-upload-archive - Send archive back to git-archive
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-upload-archive' <directory>
+'git upload-archive' <directory>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-upload-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-upload-pack.txt
index bac465e..b8e49dc 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-upload-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-upload-pack.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-upload-pack - Send objects packed back to git-fetch-pack
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-upload-pack' [--strict] [--timeout=<n>] <directory>
+'git upload-pack' [--strict] [--timeout=<n>] <directory>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-var.txt b/Documentation/git-var.txt
index 67e8e1f..e2f4c09 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-var.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-var.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-var - Show a git logical variable
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-var' [ -l | <variable> ]
+'git var' [ -l | <variable> ]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -20,11 +20,11 @@ OPTIONS
Cause the logical variables to be listed. In addition, all the
variables of the git configuration file .git/config are listed
as well. (However, the configuration variables listing functionality
- is deprecated in favor of `git-config -l`.)
+ is deprecated in favor of 'git config -l'.)
EXAMPLE
--------
- $ git-var GIT_AUTHOR_IDENT
+ $ git var GIT_AUTHOR_IDENT
Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@lnxi.com> 1121223278 -0600
@@ -41,9 +41,9 @@ Diagnostics
You don't exist. Go away!::
The passwd(5) gecos field couldn't be read
Your parents must have hated you!::
- The password(5) gecos field is longer than a giant static buffer.
+ The passwd(5) gecos field is longer than a giant static buffer.
Your sysadmin must hate you!::
- The password(5) name field is longer than a giant static buffer.
+ The passwd(5) name field is longer than a giant static buffer.
SEE ALSO
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt
index ff704bd..c861163 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt
@@ -8,13 +8,13 @@ git-verify-pack - Validate packed git archive files
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-verify-pack' [-v] [--] <pack>.idx ...
+'git verify-pack' [-v] [--] <pack>.idx ...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Reads given idx file for packed git archive created with
-git-pack-objects command and verifies idx file and the
+Reads given idx file for packed git archive created with the
+'git-pack-objects' command and verifies idx file and the
corresponding pack file.
OPTIONS
diff --git a/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt
index dffba89..84e70a0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt
@@ -7,16 +7,16 @@ git-verify-tag - Check the GPG signature of tags
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-verify-tag' <tag>...
+'git verify-tag' <tag>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Validates the gpg signature created by git-tag.
+Validates the gpg signature created by 'git-tag'.
OPTIONS
-------
-<tag>::
- SHA1 identifier of a git tag object.
+<tag>...::
+ SHA1 identifiers of git tag objects.
Author
------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt b/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt
index e80a7c1..7f7a45b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ git-web--browse - git helper script to launch a web browser
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-web--browse' [OPTIONS] URL/FILE ...
+'git web--browse' [OPTIONS] URL/FILE ...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -70,14 +70,14 @@ browser.<tool>.cmd
When the browser, specified by options or configuration variables, is
not among the supported ones, then the corresponding
'browser.<tool>.cmd' configuration variable will be looked up. If this
-variable exists then "git web--browse" will treat the specified tool
+variable exists then 'git-web--browse' will treat the specified tool
as a custom command and will use a shell eval to run the command with
the URLs passed as arguments.
Note about konqueror
--------------------
-When 'konqueror' is specified by the a command line option or a
+When 'konqueror' is specified by a command line option or a
configuration variable, we launch 'kfmclient' to try to open the HTML
man page on an already opened konqueror in a new tab if possible.
@@ -96,7 +96,7 @@ the following:
cmd = A_PATH_TO/konqueror
------------------------------------------------
-Note about git config --global
+Note about git-config --global
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Note that these configuration variables should probably be set using
@@ -112,7 +112,7 @@ See linkgit:git-config[1] for more information about this.
Author
------
Written by Christian Couder <chriscool@tuxfamily.org> and the git-list
-<git@vger.kernel.org>, based on git-mergetool by Theodore Y. Ts'o.
+<git@vger.kernel.org>, based on 'git-mergetool' by Theodore Y. Ts'o.
Documentation
-------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt b/Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt
index fb672ea..cadfbd9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-whatchanged - Show logs with difference each commit introduces
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-whatchanged' <option>...
+'git whatchanged' <option>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -52,12 +52,12 @@ include::pretty-formats.txt[]
Examples
--------
-git-whatchanged -p v2.6.12.. include/scsi drivers/scsi::
+git whatchanged -p v2.6.12.. include/scsi drivers/scsi::
Show as patches the commits since version 'v2.6.12' that changed
any file in the include/scsi or drivers/scsi subdirectories
-git-whatchanged --since="2 weeks ago" \-- gitk::
+git whatchanged --since="2 weeks ago" \-- gitk::
Show the changes during the last two weeks to the file 'gitk'.
The "--" is necessary to avoid confusion with the *branch* named
diff --git a/Documentation/git-write-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-write-tree.txt
index 8744f65..26d3850 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-write-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-write-tree.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-write-tree - Create a tree object from the current index
SYNOPSIS
--------
-'git-write-tree' [--missing-ok] [--prefix=<prefix>/]
+'git write-tree' [--missing-ok] [--prefix=<prefix>/]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -16,17 +16,17 @@ Creates a tree object using the current index.
The index must be in a fully merged state.
-Conceptually, `git-write-tree` sync()s the current index contents
+Conceptually, 'git-write-tree' sync()s the current index contents
into a set of tree files.
In order to have that match what is actually in your directory right
-now, you need to have done a `git-update-index` phase before you did the
-`git-write-tree`.
+now, you need to have done a 'git-update-index' phase before you did the
+'git-write-tree'.
OPTIONS
-------
--missing-ok::
- Normally `git-write-tree` ensures that the objects referenced by the
+ Normally 'git-write-tree' ensures that the objects referenced by the
directory exist in the object database. This option disables this
check.
diff --git a/Documentation/git.txt b/Documentation/git.txt
index 0f55f80..df420ae 100644
--- a/Documentation/git.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git.txt
@@ -20,11 +20,11 @@ Git is a fast, scalable, distributed revision control system with an
unusually rich command set that provides both high-level operations
and full access to internals.
-See this linkgit:gittutorial[7][tutorial] to get started, then see
+See linkgit:gittutorial[7] to get started, then see
link:everyday.html[Everyday Git] for a useful minimum set of commands, and
"man git-commandname" for documentation of each command. CVS users may
-also want to read linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7][CVS migration]. See
-link:user-manual.html[Git User's Manual] for a more in-depth
+also want to read linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7]. See
+the link:user-manual.html[Git User's Manual] for a more in-depth
introduction.
The COMMAND is either a name of a Git command (see below) or an alias
@@ -43,6 +43,13 @@ unreleased) version of git, that is available from 'master'
branch of the `git.git` repository.
Documentation for older releases are available here:
+* link:v1.6.0.2/git.html[documentation for release 1.6.0.2]
+
+* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes-1.6.0.2.txt[1.6.0.2],
+ link:RelNotes-1.6.0.1.txt[1.6.0.1],
+ link:RelNotes-1.6.0.txt[1.6.0].
+
* link:v1.5.6.5/git.html[documentation for release 1.5.6.5]
* release notes for
@@ -139,13 +146,13 @@ OPTIONS
+
Other options are available to control how the manual page is
displayed. See linkgit:git-help[1] for more information,
-because 'git --help ...' is converted internally into 'git
-help ...'.
+because `git --help ...` is converted internally into `git
+help ...`.
--exec-path::
Path to wherever your core git programs are installed.
This can also be controlled by setting the GIT_EXEC_PATH
- environment variable. If no path is given 'git' will print
+ environment variable. If no path is given, 'git' will print
the current setting and then exit.
-p::
@@ -186,13 +193,14 @@ See the references above to get started using git. The following is
probably more detail than necessary for a first-time user.
The link:user-manual.html#git-concepts[git concepts chapter of the
-user-manual] and the linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7][Core tutorial] both provide
+user-manual] and linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7] both provide
introductions to the underlying git architecture.
See also the link:howto-index.html[howto] documents for some useful
examples.
-The internals are documented link:technical/api-index.html[here].
+The internals are documented in the
+link:technical/api-index.html[GIT API documentation].
GIT COMMANDS
------------
@@ -376,10 +384,9 @@ For a more complete list of ways to spell object names, see
File/Directory Structure
------------------------
-Please see the linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5][repository layout]
-document.
+Please see the linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5] document.
-Read linkgit:githooks[5][hooks] for more details about each hook.
+Read linkgit:githooks[5] for more details about each hook.
Higher level SCMs may provide and manage additional information in the
`$GIT_DIR`.
@@ -387,7 +394,7 @@ Higher level SCMs may provide and manage additional information in the
Terminology
-----------
-Please see the linkgit:gitglossary[7][glossary] document.
+Please see linkgit:gitglossary[7].
Environment Variables
@@ -414,9 +421,9 @@ git so take care if using Cogito etc.
'GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES'::
Due to the immutable nature of git objects, old objects can be
archived into shared, read-only directories. This variable
- specifies a ":" separated list of git object directories which
- can be used to search for git objects. New objects will not be
- written to these directories.
+ specifies a ":" separated (on Windows ";" separated) list
+ of git object directories which can be used to search for git
+ objects. New objects will not be written to these directories.
'GIT_DIR'::
If the 'GIT_DIR' environment variable is set then it
@@ -430,6 +437,14 @@ git so take care if using Cogito etc.
This can also be controlled by the '--work-tree' command line
option and the core.worktree configuration variable.
+'GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES'::
+ This should be a colon-separated list of absolute paths.
+ If set, it is a list of directories that git should not chdir
+ up into while looking for a repository directory.
+ It will not exclude the current working directory or
+ a GIT_DIR set on the command line or in the environment.
+ (Useful for excluding slow-loading network directories.)
+
git Commits
~~~~~~~~~~~
'GIT_AUTHOR_NAME'::
@@ -484,13 +499,14 @@ other
'GIT_PAGER'::
This environment variable overrides `$PAGER`. If it is set
to an empty string or to the value "cat", git will not launch
- a pager.
+ a pager. See also the `core.pager` option in
+ linkgit:git-config[1].
'GIT_SSH'::
- If this environment variable is set then linkgit:git-fetch[1]
- and linkgit:git-push[1] will use this command instead
- of `ssh` when they need to connect to a remote system.
- The 'GIT_SSH' command will be given exactly two arguments:
+ If this environment variable is set then 'git-fetch'
+ and 'git-push' will use this command instead
+ of 'ssh' when they need to connect to a remote system.
+ The '$GIT_SSH' command will be given exactly two arguments:
the 'username@host' (or just 'host') from the URL and the
shell command to execute on that remote system.
+
@@ -504,8 +520,8 @@ for further details.
'GIT_FLUSH'::
If this environment variable is set to "1", then commands such
- as git-blame (in incremental mode), git-rev-list, git-log,
- git-whatchanged, etc., will force a flush of the output stream
+ as 'git-blame' (in incremental mode), 'git-rev-list', 'git-log',
+ and 'git-whatchanged' will force a flush of the output stream
after each commit-oriented record have been flushed. If this
variable is set to "0", the output of these commands will be done
using completely buffered I/O. If this environment variable is
@@ -531,7 +547,7 @@ Discussion[[Discussion]]
More detail on the following is available from the
link:user-manual.html#git-concepts[git concepts chapter of the
-user-manual] and the linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7][Core tutorial].
+user-manual] and linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7].
A git project normally consists of a working directory with a ".git"
subdirectory at the top level. The .git directory contains, among other
@@ -595,9 +611,9 @@ contributors on the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:gittutorial[7], linkgit:gittutorial-2[7],
-linkgit:giteveryday[7], linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7],
+link:everyday.html[Everyday Git], linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7],
linkgit:gitglossary[7], linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7],
-link:user-manual.html[The Git User's Manual]
+linkgit:gitcli[7], link:user-manual.html[The Git User's Manual]
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
index ef06d94..37fff20 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ gitattributes - defining attributes per path
SYNOPSIS
--------
-$GIT_DIR/info/attributes, gitattributes
+$GIT_DIR/info/attributes, .gitattributes
DESCRIPTION
@@ -87,9 +87,9 @@ Checking-out and checking-in
These attributes affect how the contents stored in the
repository are copied to the working tree files when commands
-such as `git checkout` and `git merge` run. They also affect how
+such as 'git-checkout' and 'git-merge' run. They also affect how
git stores the contents you prepare in the working tree in the
-repository upon `git add` and `git commit`.
+repository upon 'git-add' and 'git-commit'.
`crlf`
^^^^^^
@@ -105,9 +105,8 @@ Set::
Unset::
- Unsetting the `crlf` attribute on a path is meant to
- mark the path as a "binary" file. The path never goes
- through line endings conversion upon checkin/checkout.
+ Unsetting the `crlf` attribute on a path tells git not to
+ attempt any end-of-line conversion upon checkin or checkout.
Unspecified::
@@ -148,24 +147,24 @@ an irreversible conversion. The safety triggers to prevent such
a conversion done to the files in the work tree, but there are a
few exceptions. Even though...
-- "git add" itself does not touch the files in the work tree, the
+- 'git-add' itself does not touch the files in the work tree, the
next checkout would, so the safety triggers;
-- "git apply" to update a text file with a patch does touch the files
+- 'git-apply' to update a text file with a patch does touch the files
in the work tree, but the operation is about text files and CRLF
conversion is about fixing the line ending inconsistencies, so the
safety does not trigger;
-- "git diff" itself does not touch the files in the work tree, it is
- often run to inspect the changes you intend to next "git add". To
+- 'git-diff' itself does not touch the files in the work tree, it is
+ often run to inspect the changes you intend to next 'git-add'. To
catch potential problems early, safety triggers.
`ident`
^^^^^^^
-When the attribute `ident` is set to a path, git replaces
-`$Id$` in the blob object with `$Id:`, followed by
+When the attribute `ident` is set for a path, git replaces
+`$Id$` in the blob object with `$Id:`, followed by the
40-character hexadecimal blob object name, followed by a dollar
sign `$` upon checkout. Any byte sequence that begins with
`$Id:` and ends with `$` in the worktree file is replaced
@@ -214,7 +213,10 @@ with `crlf`, and then `ident` and fed to `filter`.
Generating diff text
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-The attribute `diff` affects if `git diff` generates textual
+`diff`
+^^^^^^
+
+The attribute `diff` affects if 'git-diff' generates textual
patch for the path or just says `Binary files differ`. It also
can affect what line is shown on the hunk header `@@ -k,l +n,m @@`
line.
@@ -271,31 +273,31 @@ See linkgit:git[1] for details.
Defining a custom hunk-header
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
-Each group of changes (called "hunk") in the textual diff output
+Each group of changes (called a "hunk") in the textual diff output
is prefixed with a line of the form:
@@ -k,l +n,m @@ TEXT
-The text is called 'hunk header', and by default a line that
-begins with an alphabet, an underscore or a dollar sign is used,
-which matches what GNU `diff -p` output uses. This default
-selection however is not suited for some contents, and you can
-use customized pattern to make a selection.
+This is called a 'hunk header'. The "TEXT" portion is by default a line
+that begins with an alphabet, an underscore or a dollar sign; this
+matches what GNU 'diff -p' output uses. This default selection however
+is not suited for some contents, and you can use a customized pattern
+to make a selection.
-First in .gitattributes, you would assign the `diff` attribute
+First, in .gitattributes, you would assign the `diff` attribute
for paths.
------------------------
*.tex diff=tex
------------------------
-Then, you would define "diff.tex.funcname" configuration to
+Then, you would define a "diff.tex.xfuncname" configuration to
specify a regular expression that matches a line that you would
-want to appear as the hunk header, like this:
+want to appear as the hunk header "TEXT", like this:
------------------------
[diff "tex"]
- funcname = "^\\(\\\\\\(sub\\)*section{.*\\)$"
+ xfuncname = "^(\\\\(sub)*section\\{.*)$"
------------------------
Note. A single level of backslashes are eaten by the
@@ -307,14 +309,26 @@ backslash, and zero or more occurrences of `sub` followed by
There are a few built-in patterns to make this easier, and `tex`
is one of them, so you do not have to write the above in your
configuration file (you still need to enable this with the
-attribute mechanism, via `.gitattributes`). Another built-in
-pattern is defined for `java` that defines a pattern suitable
-for program text in Java language.
+attribute mechanism, via `.gitattributes`). The following built in
+patterns are available:
+
+- `bibtex` suitable for files with BibTeX coded references.
+
+- `java` suitable for source code in the Java language.
+
+- `pascal` suitable for source code in the Pascal/Delphi language.
+
+- `ruby` suitable for source code in the Ruby language.
+
+- `tex` suitable for source code for LaTeX documents.
Performing a three-way merge
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+`merge`
+^^^^^^^
+
The attribute `merge` affects how three versions of a file is
merged when a file-level merge is necessary during `git merge`,
and other programs such as `git revert` and `git cherry-pick`.
@@ -322,7 +336,7 @@ and other programs such as `git revert` and `git cherry-pick`.
Set::
Built-in 3-way merge driver is used to merge the
- contents in a way similar to `merge` command of `RCS`
+ contents in a way similar to 'merge' command of `RCS`
suite. This is suitable for ordinary text files.
Unset::
@@ -426,7 +440,7 @@ Checking whitespace errors
^^^^^^^^^^^^
The `core.whitespace` configuration variable allows you to define what
-`diff` and `apply` should consider whitespace errors for all paths in
+'diff' and 'apply' should consider whitespace errors for all paths in
the project (See linkgit:git-config[1]). This attribute gives you finer
control per path.
@@ -453,12 +467,18 @@ String::
Creating an archive
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+`export-ignore`
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+Files and directories with the attribute `export-ignore` won't be added to
+archive files.
+
`export-subst`
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
If the attribute `export-subst` is set for a file then git will expand
several placeholders when adding this file to an archive. The
-expansion depends on the availability of a commit ID, i.e. if
+expansion depends on the availability of a commit ID, i.e., if
linkgit:git-archive[1] has been given a tree instead of a commit or a
tag then no replacement will be done. The placeholders are the same
as those for the option `--pretty=format:` of linkgit:git-log[1],
@@ -467,6 +487,41 @@ in the file. E.g. the string `$Format:%H$` will be replaced by the
commit hash.
+USING ATTRIBUTE MACROS
+----------------------
+
+You do not want any end-of-line conversions applied to, nor textual diffs
+produced for, any binary file you track. You would need to specify e.g.
+
+------------
+*.jpg -crlf -diff
+------------
+
+but that may become cumbersome, when you have many attributes. Using
+attribute macros, you can specify groups of attributes set or unset at
+the same time. The system knows a built-in attribute macro, `binary`:
+
+------------
+*.jpg binary
+------------
+
+which is equivalent to the above. Note that the attribute macros can only
+be "Set" (see the above example that sets "binary" macro as if it were an
+ordinary attribute --- setting it in turn unsets "crlf" and "diff").
+
+
+DEFINING ATTRIBUTE MACROS
+-------------------------
+
+Custom attribute macros can be defined only in the `.gitattributes` file
+at the toplevel (i.e. not in any subdirectory). The built-in attribute
+macro "binary" is equivalent to:
+
+------------
+[attr]binary -diff -crlf
+------------
+
+
EXAMPLE
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcli.txt b/Documentation/gitcli.txt
index 8fb5d88..29e5929 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcli.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcli.txt
@@ -13,8 +13,37 @@ gitcli
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-This manual describes best practice in how to use git CLI. Here are
-the rules that you should follow when you are scripting git:
+This manual describes the convention used throughout git CLI.
+
+Many commands take revisions (most often "commits", but sometimes
+"tree-ish", depending on the context and command) and paths as their
+arguments. Here are the rules:
+
+ * Revisions come first and then paths.
+ E.g. in `git diff v1.0 v2.0 arch/x86 include/asm-x86`,
+ `v1.0` and `v2.0` are revisions and `arch/x86` and `include/asm-x86`
+ are paths.
+
+ * When an argument can be misunderstood as either a revision or a path,
+ they can be disambiguated by placing `\--` between them.
+ E.g. `git diff \-- HEAD` is, "I have a file called HEAD in my work
+ tree. Please show changes between the version I staged in the index
+ and what I have in the work tree for that file". not "show difference
+ between the HEAD commit and the work tree as a whole". You can say
+ `git diff HEAD \--` to ask for the latter.
+
+ * Without disambiguating `\--`, git makes a reasonable guess, but errors
+ out and asking you to disambiguate when ambiguous. E.g. if you have a
+ file called HEAD in your work tree, `git diff HEAD` is ambiguous, and
+ you have to say either `git diff HEAD \--` or `git diff \-- HEAD` to
+ disambiguate.
+
+When writing a script that is expected to handle random user-input, it is
+a good practice to make it explicit which arguments are which by placing
+disambiguating `\--` at appropriate places.
+
+Here are the rules regarding the "flags" that you should follow when you are
+scripting git:
* it's preferred to use the non dashed form of git commands, which means that
you should prefer `"git foo"` to `"git-foo"`.
@@ -34,8 +63,8 @@ the rules that you should follow when you are scripting git:
if you happen to have a file called `HEAD` in the work tree.
-ENHANCED CLI
-------------
+ENHANCED OPTION PARSER
+----------------------
From the git 1.5.4 series and further, many git commands (not all of them at the
time of the writing though) come with an enhanced option parser.
@@ -104,9 +133,45 @@ $ git describe --abbrev 10 HEAD # NOT WHAT YOU MEANT
----------------------------
+NOTES ON FREQUENTLY CONFUSED OPTIONS
+------------------------------------
+
+Many commands that can work on files in the working tree
+and/or in the index can take `--cached` and/or `--index`
+options. Sometimes people incorrectly think that, because
+the index was originally called cache, these two are
+synonyms. They are *not* -- these two options mean very
+different things.
+
+ * The `--cached` option is used to ask a command that
+ usually works on files in the working tree to *only* work
+ with the index. For example, `git grep`, when used
+ without a commit to specify from which commit to look for
+ strings in, usually works on files in the working tree,
+ but with the `--cached` option, it looks for strings in
+ the index.
+
+ * The `--index` option is used to ask a command that
+ usually works on files in the working tree to *also*
+ affect the index. For example, `git stash apply` usually
+ merges changes recorded in a stash to the working tree,
+ but with the `--index` option, it also merges changes to
+ the index as well.
+
+`git apply` command can be used with `--cached` and
+`--index` (but not at the same time). Usually the command
+only affects the files in the working tree, but with
+`--index`, it patches both the files and their index
+entries, and with `--cached`, it modifies only the index
+entries.
+
+See also http://marc.info/?l=git&m=116563135620359 and
+http://marc.info/?l=git&m=119150393620273 for further
+information.
+
Documentation
-------------
-Documentation by Pierre Habouzit.
+Documentation by Pierre Habouzit and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
index cb4ec40..896cbdf 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
@@ -16,8 +16,8 @@ This tutorial explains how to use the "core" git programs to set up and
work with a git repository.
If you just need to use git as a revision control system you may prefer
-to start with linkgit:gittutorial[7][a tutorial introduction to git] or
-link:user-manual.html[the git user manual].
+to start with "A Tutorial Introduction to GIT" (linkgit:gittutorial[7]) or
+link:user-manual.html[the GIT User Manual].
However, an understanding of these low-level tools can be helpful if
you want to understand git's internals.
@@ -42,14 +42,14 @@ one for a totally new project, or an existing working tree that you want
to import into git.
For our first example, we're going to start a totally new repository from
-scratch, with no pre-existing files, and we'll call it `git-tutorial`.
+scratch, with no pre-existing files, and we'll call it 'git-tutorial'.
To start up, create a subdirectory for it, change into that
-subdirectory, and initialize the git infrastructure with `git-init`:
+subdirectory, and initialize the git infrastructure with 'git-init':
------------------------------------------------
$ mkdir git-tutorial
$ cd git-tutorial
-$ git-init
+$ git init
------------------------------------------------
to which git will reply
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ Initialized empty Git repository in .git/
which is just git's way of saying that you haven't been doing anything
strange, and that it will have created a local `.git` directory setup for
your new project. You will now have a `.git` directory, and you can
-inspect that with `ls`. For your new empty project, it should show you
+inspect that with 'ls'. For your new empty project, it should show you
three entries, among other things:
- a file called `HEAD`, that has `ref: refs/heads/master` in it.
@@ -108,8 +108,7 @@ references in these `refs` subdirectories when you actually start
populating your tree.
[NOTE]
-An advanced user may want to take a look at the
-linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5][repository layout] document
+An advanced user may want to take a look at linkgit:gitrepository-layout[5]
after finishing this tutorial.
You have now created your first git repository. Of course, since it's
@@ -140,7 +139,7 @@ but to actually check in your hard work, you will have to go through two steps:
- commit that index file as an object.
The first step is trivial: when you want to tell git about any changes
-to your working tree, you use the `git-update-index` program. That
+to your working tree, you use the 'git-update-index' program. That
program normally just takes a list of filenames you want to update, but
to avoid trivial mistakes, it refuses to add new entries to the index
(or remove existing ones) unless you explicitly tell it that you're
@@ -150,7 +149,7 @@ adding a new entry with the `\--add` flag (or removing an entry with the
So to populate the index with the two files you just created, you can do
------------------------------------------------
-$ git-update-index --add hello example
+$ git update-index --add hello example
------------------------------------------------
and you have now told git to track those two files.
@@ -174,19 +173,19 @@ and see two files:
which correspond with the objects with names of `557db...` and
`f24c7...` respectively.
-If you want to, you can use `git-cat-file` to look at those objects, but
+If you want to, you can use 'git-cat-file' to look at those objects, but
you'll have to use the object name, not the filename of the object:
----------------
-$ git-cat-file -t 557db03de997c86a4a028e1ebd3a1ceb225be238
+$ git cat-file -t 557db03de997c86a4a028e1ebd3a1ceb225be238
----------------
-where the `-t` tells `git-cat-file` to tell you what the "type" of the
+where the `-t` tells 'git-cat-file' to tell you what the "type" of the
object is. git will tell you that you have a "blob" object (i.e., just a
regular file), and you can see the contents with
----------------
-$ git-cat-file "blob" 557db03
+$ git cat-file "blob" 557db03
----------------
which will print out "Hello World". The object `557db03` is nothing
@@ -206,7 +205,7 @@ hexadecimal digits in most places.
Anyway, as we mentioned previously, you normally never actually take a
look at the objects themselves, and typing long 40-character hex
names is not something you'd normally want to do. The above digression
-was just to show that `git-update-index` did something magical, and
+was just to show that 'git-update-index' did something magical, and
actually saved away the contents of your files into the git object
database.
@@ -229,22 +228,22 @@ $ echo "It's a new day for git" >>hello
and you can now, since you told git about the previous state of `hello`, ask
git what has changed in the tree compared to your old index, using the
-`git-diff-files` command:
+'git-diff-files' command:
------------
-$ git-diff-files
+$ git diff-files
------------
Oops. That wasn't very readable. It just spit out its own internal
-version of a `diff`, but that internal version really just tells you
+version of a 'diff', but that internal version really just tells you
that it has noticed that "hello" has been modified, and that the old object
contents it had have been replaced with something else.
-To make it readable, we can tell git-diff-files to output the
+To make it readable, we can tell 'git-diff-files' to output the
differences as a patch, using the `-p` flag:
------------
-$ git-diff-files -p
+$ git diff-files -p
diff --git a/hello b/hello
index 557db03..263414f 100644
--- a/hello
@@ -256,11 +255,11 @@ index 557db03..263414f 100644
i.e. the diff of the change we caused by adding another line to `hello`.
-In other words, `git-diff-files` always shows us the difference between
+In other words, 'git-diff-files' always shows us the difference between
what is recorded in the index, and what is currently in the working
tree. That's very useful.
-A common shorthand for `git-diff-files -p` is to just write `git
+A common shorthand for `git diff-files -p` is to just write `git
diff`, which will do the same thing.
------------
@@ -284,15 +283,15 @@ that in two phases: creating a 'tree' object, and committing that 'tree'
object as a 'commit' object together with an explanation of what the
tree was all about, along with information of how we came to that state.
-Creating a tree object is trivial, and is done with `git-write-tree`.
-There are no options or other input: git-write-tree will take the
+Creating a tree object is trivial, and is done with 'git-write-tree'.
+There are no options or other input: `git write-tree` will take the
current index state, and write an object that describes that whole
index. In other words, we're now tying together all the different
filenames with their contents (and their permissions), and we're
creating the equivalent of a git "directory" object:
------------------------------------------------
-$ git-write-tree
+$ git write-tree
------------------------------------------------
and this will just output the name of the resulting tree, in this case
@@ -303,34 +302,34 @@ and this will just output the name of the resulting tree, in this case
----------------
which is another incomprehensible object name. Again, if you want to,
-you can use `git-cat-file -t 8988d\...` to see that this time the object
+you can use `git cat-file -t 8988d\...` to see that this time the object
is not a "blob" object, but a "tree" object (you can also use
-`git-cat-file` to actually output the raw object contents, but you'll see
+`git cat-file` to actually output the raw object contents, but you'll see
mainly a binary mess, so that's less interesting).
-However -- normally you'd never use `git-write-tree` on its own, because
+However -- normally you'd never use 'git-write-tree' on its own, because
normally you always commit a tree into a commit object using the
-`git-commit-tree` command. In fact, it's easier to not actually use
-`git-write-tree` on its own at all, but to just pass its result in as an
-argument to `git-commit-tree`.
+'git-commit-tree' command. In fact, it's easier to not actually use
+'git-write-tree' on its own at all, but to just pass its result in as an
+argument to 'git-commit-tree'.
-`git-commit-tree` normally takes several arguments -- it wants to know
+'git-commit-tree' normally takes several arguments -- it wants to know
what the 'parent' of a commit was, but since this is the first commit
ever in this new repository, and it has no parents, we only need to pass in
-the object name of the tree. However, `git-commit-tree` also wants to get a
+the object name of the tree. However, 'git-commit-tree' also wants to get a
commit message on its standard input, and it will write out the resulting
object name for the commit to its standard output.
And this is where we create the `.git/refs/heads/master` file
which is pointed at by `HEAD`. This file is supposed to contain
the reference to the top-of-tree of the master branch, and since
-that's exactly what `git-commit-tree` spits out, we can do this
+that's exactly what 'git-commit-tree' spits out, we can do this
all with a sequence of simple shell commands:
------------------------------------------------
-$ tree=$(git-write-tree)
-$ commit=$(echo 'Initial commit' | git-commit-tree $tree)
-$ git-update-ref HEAD $commit
+$ tree=$(git write-tree)
+$ commit=$(echo 'Initial commit' | git commit-tree $tree)
+$ git update-ref HEAD $commit
------------------------------------------------
In this case this creates a totally new commit that is not related to
@@ -346,37 +345,37 @@ instead, and it would have done the above magic scripting for you.
Making a change
---------------
-Remember how we did the `git-update-index` on file `hello` and then we
+Remember how we did the 'git-update-index' on file `hello` and then we
changed `hello` afterward, and could compare the new state of `hello` with the
state we saved in the index file?
-Further, remember how I said that `git-write-tree` writes the contents
+Further, remember how I said that 'git-write-tree' writes the contents
of the *index* file to the tree, and thus what we just committed was in
fact the *original* contents of the file `hello`, not the new ones. We did
that on purpose, to show the difference between the index state, and the
state in the working tree, and how they don't have to match, even
when we commit things.
-As before, if we do `git-diff-files -p` in our git-tutorial project,
+As before, if we do `git diff-files -p` in our git-tutorial project,
we'll still see the same difference we saw last time: the index file
hasn't changed by the act of committing anything. However, now that we
have committed something, we can also learn to use a new command:
-`git-diff-index`.
+'git-diff-index'.
-Unlike `git-diff-files`, which showed the difference between the index
-file and the working tree, `git-diff-index` shows the differences
+Unlike 'git-diff-files', which showed the difference between the index
+file and the working tree, 'git-diff-index' shows the differences
between a committed *tree* and either the index file or the working
-tree. In other words, `git-diff-index` wants a tree to be diffed
+tree. In other words, 'git-diff-index' wants a tree to be diffed
against, and before we did the commit, we couldn't do that, because we
didn't have anything to diff against.
But now we can do
----------------
-$ git-diff-index -p HEAD
+$ git diff-index -p HEAD
----------------
-(where `-p` has the same meaning as it did in `git-diff-files`), and it
+(where `-p` has the same meaning as it did in 'git-diff-files'), and it
will show us the same difference, but for a totally different reason.
Now we're comparing the working tree not against the index file,
but against the tree we just wrote. It just so happens that those two
@@ -391,16 +390,16 @@ $ git diff HEAD
which ends up doing the above for you.
-In other words, `git-diff-index` normally compares a tree against the
+In other words, 'git-diff-index' normally compares a tree against the
working tree, but when given the `\--cached` flag, it is told to
instead compare against just the index cache contents, and ignore the
current working tree state entirely. Since we just wrote the index
-file to HEAD, doing `git-diff-index \--cached -p HEAD` should thus return
+file to HEAD, doing `git diff-index \--cached -p HEAD` should thus return
an empty set of differences, and that's exactly what it does.
[NOTE]
================
-`git-diff-index` really always uses the index for its
+'git-diff-index' really always uses the index for its
comparisons, and saying that it compares a tree against the working
tree is thus not strictly accurate. In particular, the list of
files to compare (the "meta-data") *always* comes from the index file,
@@ -423,17 +422,17 @@ work through the index file, so the first thing we need to do is to
update the index cache:
------------------------------------------------
-$ git-update-index hello
+$ git update-index hello
------------------------------------------------
(note how we didn't need the `\--add` flag this time, since git knew
about the file already).
-Note what happens to the different `git-diff-\*` versions here. After
-we've updated `hello` in the index, `git-diff-files -p` now shows no
-differences, but `git-diff-index -p HEAD` still *does* show that the
+Note what happens to the different 'git-diff-\*' versions here. After
+we've updated `hello` in the index, `git diff-files -p` now shows no
+differences, but `git diff-index -p HEAD` still *does* show that the
current state is different from the state we committed. In fact, now
-`git-diff-index` shows the same difference whether we use the `--cached`
+'git-diff-index' shows the same difference whether we use the `--cached`
flag or not, since now the index is coherent with the working tree.
Now, since we've updated `hello` in the index, we can commit the new
@@ -461,7 +460,7 @@ You've now made your first real git commit. And if you're interested in
looking at what `git commit` really does, feel free to investigate:
it's a few very simple shell scripts to generate the helpful (?) commit
message headers, and a few one-liners that actually do the
-commit itself (`git-commit`).
+commit itself ('git-commit').
Inspecting Changes
@@ -469,16 +468,16 @@ Inspecting Changes
While creating changes is useful, it's even more useful if you can tell
later what changed. The most useful command for this is another of the
-`diff` family, namely `git-diff-tree`.
+'diff' family, namely 'git-diff-tree'.
-`git-diff-tree` can be given two arbitrary trees, and it will tell you the
+'git-diff-tree' can be given two arbitrary trees, and it will tell you the
differences between them. Perhaps even more commonly, though, you can
give it just a single commit object, and it will figure out the parent
of that commit itself, and show the difference directly. Thus, to get
the same diff that we've already seen several times, we can now do
----------------
-$ git-diff-tree -p HEAD
+$ git diff-tree -p HEAD
----------------
(again, `-p` means to show the difference as a human-readable patch),
@@ -519,15 +518,15 @@ various diff-\* commands compare things.
+-----------+
============
-More interestingly, you can also give `git-diff-tree` the `--pretty` flag,
+More interestingly, you can also give 'git-diff-tree' the `--pretty` flag,
which tells it to also show the commit message and author and date of the
commit, and you can tell it to show a whole series of diffs.
Alternatively, you can tell it to be "silent", and not show the diffs at
all, but just show the actual commit message.
-In fact, together with the `git-rev-list` program (which generates a
-list of revisions), `git-diff-tree` ends up being a veritable fount of
-changes. A trivial (but very useful) script called `git-whatchanged` is
+In fact, together with the 'git-rev-list' program (which generates a
+list of revisions), 'git-diff-tree' ends up being a veritable fount of
+changes. A trivial (but very useful) script called 'git-whatchanged' is
included with git which does exactly this, and shows a log of recent
activities.
@@ -543,7 +542,7 @@ with the associated patches use the more complex (and much more
powerful)
----------------
-$ git-whatchanged -p
+$ git whatchanged -p
----------------
and you will see exactly what has changed in the repository over its
@@ -554,14 +553,14 @@ When using the above two commands, the initial commit will be shown.
If this is a problem because it is huge, you can hide it by setting
the log.showroot configuration variable to false. Having this, you
can still show it for each command just adding the `\--root` option,
-which is a flag for `git-diff-tree` accepted by both commands.
+which is a flag for 'git-diff-tree' accepted by both commands.
With that, you should now be having some inkling of what git does, and
can explore on your own.
[NOTE]
Most likely, you are not directly using the core
-git Plumbing commands, but using Porcelain such as `git-add`, `git-rm'
+git Plumbing commands, but using Porcelain such as 'git-add', `git-rm'
and `git-commit'.
@@ -596,7 +595,7 @@ pointer to the state you want to tag, but also a small tag name and
message, along with optionally a PGP signature that says that yes,
you really did
that tag. You create these annotated tags with either the `-a` or
-`-s` flag to `git tag`:
+`-s` flag to 'git-tag':
----------------
$ git tag -s <tagname>
@@ -643,7 +642,7 @@ and it will be gone. There's no external repository, and there's no
history outside the project you created.
- if you want to move or duplicate a git repository, you can do so. There
- is `git clone` command, but if all you want to do is just to
+ is 'git-clone' command, but if all you want to do is just to
create a copy of your repository (with all the full history that
went along with it), you can do so with a regular
`cp -a git-tutorial new-git-tutorial`.
@@ -654,31 +653,31 @@ information for the files involved) will likely need to be refreshed.
So after you do a `cp -a` to create a new copy, you'll want to do
+
----------------
-$ git-update-index --refresh
+$ git update-index --refresh
----------------
+
in the new repository to make sure that the index file is up-to-date.
Note that the second point is true even across machines. You can
duplicate a remote git repository with *any* regular copy mechanism, be it
-`scp`, `rsync` or `wget`.
+'scp', 'rsync' or 'wget'.
When copying a remote repository, you'll want to at a minimum update the
index cache when you do this, and especially with other peoples'
repositories you often want to make sure that the index cache is in some
known state (you don't know *what* they've done and not yet checked in),
-so usually you'll precede the `git-update-index` with a
+so usually you'll precede the 'git-update-index' with a
----------------
-$ git-read-tree --reset HEAD
-$ git-update-index --refresh
+$ git read-tree --reset HEAD
+$ git update-index --refresh
----------------
which will force a total index re-build from the tree pointed to by `HEAD`.
-It resets the index contents to `HEAD`, and then the `git-update-index`
+It resets the index contents to `HEAD`, and then the 'git-update-index'
makes sure to match up all index entries with the checked-out files.
If the original repository had uncommitted changes in its
-working tree, `git-update-index --refresh` notices them and
+working tree, `git update-index --refresh` notices them and
tells you they need to be updated.
The above can also be written as simply
@@ -690,8 +689,8 @@ $ git reset
and in fact a lot of the common git command combinations can be scripted
with the `git xyz` interfaces. You can learn things by just looking
at what the various git scripts do. For example, `git reset` used to be
-the above two lines implemented in `git-reset`, but some things like
-`git status` and `git commit` are slightly more complex scripts around
+the above two lines implemented in 'git-reset', but some things like
+'git-status' and 'git-commit' are slightly more complex scripts around
the basic git commands.
Many (most?) public remote repositories will not contain any of
@@ -714,7 +713,7 @@ $ rsync -rL rsync://rsync.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git/ .git
followed by
----------------
-$ git-read-tree HEAD
+$ git read-tree HEAD
----------------
to populate the index. However, now you have populated the index, and
@@ -723,14 +722,14 @@ actually have any of the working tree files to work on. To get
those, you'd check them out with
----------------
-$ git-checkout-index -u -a
+$ git checkout-index -u -a
----------------
where the `-u` flag means that you want the checkout to keep the index
up-to-date (so that you don't have to refresh it afterward), and the
`-a` flag means "check out all files" (if you have a stale copy or an
older version of a checked out tree you may also need to add the `-f`
-flag first, to tell git-checkout-index to *force* overwriting of any old
+flag first, to tell 'git-checkout-index' to *force* overwriting of any old
files).
Again, this can all be simplified with
@@ -777,7 +776,7 @@ to it.
================================================
If you make the decision to start your new branch at some
other point in the history than the current `HEAD`, you can do so by
-just telling `git checkout` what the base of the checkout would be.
+just telling 'git-checkout' what the base of the checkout would be.
In other words, if you have an earlier tag or branch, you'd just do
------------
@@ -820,7 +819,7 @@ $ git branch <branchname> [startingpoint]
which will simply _create_ the branch, but will not do anything further.
You can then later -- once you decide that you want to actually develop
-on that branch -- switch to that branch with a regular `git checkout`
+on that branch -- switch to that branch with a regular 'git-checkout'
with the branchname as the argument.
@@ -840,7 +839,7 @@ $ git commit -m "Some work." -i hello
------------------------------------------------
Here, we just added another line to `hello`, and we used a shorthand for
-doing both `git-update-index hello` and `git commit` by just giving the
+doing both `git update-index hello` and `git commit` by just giving the
filename directly to `git commit`, with an `-i` flag (it tells
git to 'include' that file in addition to what you have done to
the index file so far when making the commit). The `-m` flag is to give the
@@ -879,10 +878,10 @@ means: normally it will just show you your current `HEAD`) and their
histories. You can also see exactly how they came to be from a common
source.
-Anyway, let's exit `gitk` (`^Q` or the File menu), and decide that we want
+Anyway, let's exit 'gitk' (`^Q` or the File menu), and decide that we want
to merge the work we did on the `mybranch` branch into the `master`
branch (which is currently our `HEAD` too). To do that, there's a nice
-script called `git merge`, which wants to know which branches you want
+script called 'git-merge', which wants to know which branches you want
to resolve and what the merge is all about:
------------
@@ -926,7 +925,7 @@ $ git commit -i hello
which will very loudly warn you that you're now committing a merge
(which is correct, so never mind), and you can write a small merge
-message about your adventures in git-merge-land.
+message about your adventures in 'git-merge'-land.
After you're done, start up `gitk \--all` to see graphically what the
history looks like. Notice that `mybranch` still exists, and you can
@@ -939,7 +938,7 @@ Another useful tool, especially if you do not always work in X-Window
environment, is `git show-branch`.
------------------------------------------------
-$ git-show-branch --topo-order --more=1 master mybranch
+$ git show-branch --topo-order --more=1 master mybranch
* [master] Merge work in mybranch
! [mybranch] Some work.
--
@@ -964,14 +963,14 @@ commits from the master branch. The string inside brackets
before the commit log message is a short name you can use to
name the commit. In the above example, 'master' and 'mybranch'
are branch heads. 'master^' is the first parent of 'master'
-branch head. Please see 'git-rev-parse' documentation if you
+branch head. Please see linkgit:git-rev-parse[1] if you want to
see more complex cases.
[NOTE]
Without the '--more=1' option, 'git-show-branch' would not output the
'[master^]' commit, as '[mybranch]' commit is a common ancestor of
-both 'master' and 'mybranch' tips. Please see 'git-show-branch'
-documentation for details.
+both 'master' and 'mybranch' tips. Please see linkgit:git-show-branch[1]
+for details.
[NOTE]
If there were more commits on the 'master' branch after the merge, the
@@ -982,7 +981,7 @@ merge commit visible in this case.
Now, let's pretend you are the one who did all the work in
`mybranch`, and the fruit of your hard work has finally been merged
to the `master` branch. Let's go back to `mybranch`, and run
-`git merge` to get the "upstream changes" back to your branch.
+'git-merge' to get the "upstream changes" back to your branch.
------------
$ git checkout mybranch
@@ -1000,14 +999,14 @@ Fast forward
2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
----------------
-Because your branch did not contain anything more than what are
-already merged into the `master` branch, the merge operation did
+Because your branch did not contain anything more than what had
+already been merged into the `master` branch, the merge operation did
not actually do a merge. Instead, it just updated the top of
the tree of your branch to that of the `master` branch. This is
often called 'fast forward' merge.
You can run `gitk \--all` again to see how the commit ancestry
-looks like, or run `show-branch`, which tells you this.
+looks like, or run 'show-branch', which tells you this.
------------------------------------------------
$ git show-branch master mybranch
@@ -1024,12 +1023,12 @@ Merging external work
It's usually much more common that you merge with somebody else than
merging with your own branches, so it's worth pointing out that git
makes that very easy too, and in fact, it's not that different from
-doing a `git merge`. In fact, a remote merge ends up being nothing
+doing a 'git-merge'. In fact, a remote merge ends up being nothing
more than "fetch the work from a remote repository into a temporary tag"
-followed by a `git merge`.
+followed by a 'git-merge'.
Fetching from a remote repository is done by, unsurprisingly,
-`git fetch`:
+'git-fetch':
----------------
$ git fetch <remote-repository>
@@ -1067,9 +1066,9 @@ most efficient way to exchange git objects between repositories.
Local directory::
`/path/to/repo.git/`
+
-This transport is the same as SSH transport but uses `sh` to run
+This transport is the same as SSH transport but uses 'sh' to run
both ends on the local machine instead of running other end on
-the remote machine via `ssh`.
+the remote machine via 'ssh'.
git Native::
`git://remote.machine/path/to/repo.git/`
@@ -1096,7 +1095,7 @@ The 'commit walkers' are sometimes also called 'dumb
transports', because they do not require any git aware smart
server like git Native transport does. Any stock HTTP server
that does not even support directory index would suffice. But
-you must prepare your repository with `git-update-server-info`
+you must prepare your repository with 'git-update-server-info'
to help dumb transport downloaders.
Once you fetch from the remote repository, you `merge` that
@@ -1116,7 +1115,7 @@ argument.
[NOTE]
You could do without using any branches at all, by
keeping as many local repositories as you would like to have
-branches, and merging between them with `git pull`, just like
+branches, and merging between them with 'git-pull', just like
you merge between branches. The advantage of this approach is
that it lets you keep a set of files for each `branch` checked
out and you may find it easier to switch back and forth if you
@@ -1133,7 +1132,7 @@ like this:
$ git config remote.linus.url http://www.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git/
------------------------------------------------
-and use the "linus" keyword with `git pull` instead of the full URL.
+and use the "linus" keyword with 'git-pull' instead of the full URL.
Examples.
@@ -1169,7 +1168,7 @@ $ git show-branch --more=2 master mybranch
+* [master^] Some fun.
------------
-Remember, before running `git merge`, our `master` head was at
+Remember, before running 'git-merge', our `master` head was at
"Some fun." commit, while our `mybranch` head was at "Some
work." commit.
@@ -1196,10 +1195,10 @@ Now we are ready to experiment with the merge by hand.
`git merge` command, when merging two branches, uses 3-way merge
algorithm. First, it finds the common ancestor between them.
-The command it uses is `git-merge-base`:
+The command it uses is 'git-merge-base':
------------
-$ mb=$(git-merge-base HEAD mybranch)
+$ mb=$(git merge-base HEAD mybranch)
------------
The command writes the commit object name of the common ancestor
@@ -1209,7 +1208,7 @@ ancestor commit is the "New day." commit in this case. You can
tell it by:
------------
-$ git-name-rev $mb
+$ git name-rev $mb
my-first-tag
------------
@@ -1217,10 +1216,10 @@ After finding out a common ancestor commit, the second step is
this:
------------
-$ git-read-tree -m -u $mb HEAD mybranch
+$ git read-tree -m -u $mb HEAD mybranch
------------
-This is the same `git-read-tree` command we have already seen,
+This is the same 'git-read-tree' command we have already seen,
but it takes three trees, unlike previous examples. This reads
the contents of each tree into different 'stage' in the index
file (the first tree goes to stage 1, the second to stage 2,
@@ -1236,7 +1235,7 @@ trees are left in non-zero stages. At this point, you can
inspect the index file with this command:
------------
-$ git-ls-files --stage
+$ git ls-files --stage
100644 7f8b141b65fdcee47321e399a2598a235a032422 0 example
100644 263414f423d0e4d70dae8fe53fa34614ff3e2860 1 hello
100644 06fa6a24256dc7e560efa5687fa84b51f0263c3a 2 hello
@@ -1253,7 +1252,7 @@ stages.
To look at only non-zero stages, use `\--unmerged` flag:
------------
-$ git-ls-files --unmerged
+$ git ls-files --unmerged
100644 263414f423d0e4d70dae8fe53fa34614ff3e2860 1 hello
100644 06fa6a24256dc7e560efa5687fa84b51f0263c3a 2 hello
100644 cc44c73eb783565da5831b4d820c962954019b69 3 hello
@@ -1261,29 +1260,29 @@ $ git-ls-files --unmerged
The next step of merging is to merge these three versions of the
file, using 3-way merge. This is done by giving
-`git-merge-one-file` command as one of the arguments to
-`git-merge-index` command:
+'git-merge-one-file' command as one of the arguments to
+'git-merge-index' command:
------------
-$ git-merge-index git-merge-one-file hello
+$ git merge-index git-merge-one-file hello
Auto-merging hello.
merge: warning: conflicts during merge
ERROR: Merge conflict in hello.
fatal: merge program failed
------------
-`git-merge-one-file` script is called with parameters to
+'git-merge-one-file' script is called with parameters to
describe those three versions, and is responsible to leave the
merge results in the working tree.
It is a fairly straightforward shell script, and
-eventually calls `merge` program from RCS suite to perform a
-file-level 3-way merge. In this case, `merge` detects
+eventually calls 'merge' program from RCS suite to perform a
+file-level 3-way merge. In this case, 'merge' detects
conflicts, and the merge result with conflict marks is left in
the working tree.. This can be seen if you run `ls-files
--stage` again at this point:
------------
-$ git-ls-files --stage
+$ git ls-files --stage
100644 7f8b141b65fdcee47321e399a2598a235a032422 0 example
100644 263414f423d0e4d70dae8fe53fa34614ff3e2860 1 hello
100644 06fa6a24256dc7e560efa5687fa84b51f0263c3a 2 hello
@@ -1291,9 +1290,9 @@ $ git-ls-files --stage
------------
This is the state of the index file and the working file after
-`git merge` returns control back to you, leaving the conflicting
+'git-merge' returns control back to you, leaving the conflicting
merge for you to resolve. Notice that the path `hello` is still
-unmerged, and what you see with `git diff` at this point is
+unmerged, and what you see with 'git-diff' at this point is
differences since stage 2 (i.e. your version).
@@ -1321,7 +1320,7 @@ how git repositories at `kernel.org` are managed.
Publishing the changes from your local (private) repository to
your remote (public) repository requires a write privilege on
the remote machine. You need to have an SSH account there to
-run a single command, `git-receive-pack`.
+run a single command, 'git-receive-pack'.
First, you need to create an empty repository on the remote
machine that will house your public repository. This empty
@@ -1330,8 +1329,8 @@ into it later. Obviously, this repository creation needs to be
done only once.
[NOTE]
-`git push` uses a pair of programs,
-`git-send-pack` on your local machine, and `git-receive-pack`
+'git-push' uses a pair of programs,
+'git-send-pack' on your local machine, and 'git-receive-pack'
on the remote machine. The communication between the two over
the network internally uses an SSH connection.
@@ -1346,30 +1345,31 @@ $ mkdir my-git.git
------------
Then, make that directory into a git repository by running
-`git init`, but this time, since its name is not the usual
+'git-init', but this time, since its name is not the usual
`.git`, we do things slightly differently:
------------
-$ GIT_DIR=my-git.git git-init
+$ GIT_DIR=my-git.git git init
------------
Make sure this directory is available for others you want your
-changes to be pulled by via the transport of your choice. Also
-you need to make sure that you have the `git-receive-pack`
+changes to be pulled via the transport of your choice. Also
+you need to make sure that you have the 'git-receive-pack'
program on the `$PATH`.
[NOTE]
Many installations of sshd do not invoke your shell as the login
shell when you directly run programs; what this means is that if
-your login shell is `bash`, only `.bashrc` is read and not
+your login shell is 'bash', only `.bashrc` is read and not
`.bash_profile`. As a workaround, make sure `.bashrc` sets up
-`$PATH` so that you can run `git-receive-pack` program.
+`$PATH` so that you can run 'git-receive-pack' program.
[NOTE]
If you plan to publish this repository to be accessed over http,
-you should do `chmod +x my-git.git/hooks/post-update` at this
-point. This makes sure that every time you push into this
-repository, `git-update-server-info` is run.
+you should do `mv my-git.git/hooks/post-update.sample
+my-git.git/hooks/post-update` at this point.
+This makes sure that every time you push into this
+repository, `git update-server-info` is run.
Your "public repository" is now ready to accept your changes.
Come back to the machine you have your private repository. From
@@ -1408,7 +1408,7 @@ $ git repack
will do it for you. If you followed the tutorial examples, you
would have accumulated about 17 objects in `.git/objects/??/`
-directories by now. `git repack` tells you how many objects it
+directories by now. 'git-repack' tells you how many objects it
packed, and stores the packed file in `.git/objects/pack`
directory.
@@ -1421,7 +1421,7 @@ them together. The former holds all the data from the objects
in the pack, and the latter holds the index for random
access.
-If you are paranoid, running `git-verify-pack` command would
+If you are paranoid, running 'git-verify-pack' command would
detect if you have a corrupt pack, but do not worry too much.
Our programs are always perfect ;-).
@@ -1487,18 +1487,18 @@ A recommended workflow for a "project lead" goes like this:
If other people are pulling from your repository over dumb
transport protocols (HTTP), you need to keep this repository
'dumb transport friendly'. After `git init`,
-`$GIT_DIR/hooks/post-update` copied from the standard templates
-would contain a call to `git-update-server-info` but the
-`post-update` hook itself is disabled by default -- enable it
-with `chmod +x post-update`. This makes sure `git-update-server-info`
-keeps the necessary files up-to-date.
+`$GIT_DIR/hooks/post-update.sample` copied from the standard templates
+would contain a call to 'git-update-server-info'
+but you need to manually enable the hook with
+`mv post-update.sample post-update`. This makes sure
+'git-update-server-info' keeps the necessary files up-to-date.
3. Push into the public repository from your primary
repository.
-4. `git repack` the public repository. This establishes a big
+4. 'git-repack' the public repository. This establishes a big
pack that contains the initial set of objects as the
- baseline, and possibly `git prune` if the transport
+ baseline, and possibly 'git-prune' if the transport
used for pulling from your repository supports packed
repositories.
@@ -1512,14 +1512,14 @@ You can repack this private repository whenever you feel like.
6. Push your changes to the public repository, and announce it
to the public.
-7. Every once in a while, "git repack" the public repository.
+7. Every once in a while, 'git-repack' the public repository.
Go back to step 5. and continue working.
A recommended work cycle for a "subsystem maintainer" who works
on that project and has an own "public repository" goes like this:
-1. Prepare your work repository, by `git clone` the public
+1. Prepare your work repository, by 'git-clone' the public
repository of the "project lead". The URL used for the
initial cloning is stored in the remote.origin.url
configuration variable.
@@ -1534,7 +1534,7 @@ on that project and has an own "public repository" goes like this:
point at the repository you are borrowing from.
4. Push into the public repository from your primary
- repository. Run `git repack`, and possibly `git prune` if the
+ repository. Run 'git-repack', and possibly 'git-prune' if the
transport used for pulling from your repository supports
packed repositories.
@@ -1551,7 +1551,7 @@ like.
"project lead" and possibly your "sub-subsystem
maintainers" to pull from it.
-7. Every once in a while, `git repack` the public repository.
+7. Every once in a while, 'git-repack' the public repository.
Go back to step 5. and continue working.
@@ -1559,7 +1559,7 @@ A recommended work cycle for an "individual developer" who does
not have a "public" repository is somewhat different. It goes
like this:
-1. Prepare your work repository, by `git clone` the public
+1. Prepare your work repository, by 'git-clone' the public
repository of the "project lead" (or a "subsystem
maintainer", if you work on a subsystem). The URL used for
the initial cloning is stored in the remote.origin.url
@@ -1589,7 +1589,7 @@ suggested in the previous section may be new to you. You do not
have to worry. git supports "shared public repository" style of
cooperation you are probably more familiar with as well.
-See linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7][git for CVS users] for the details.
+See linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7] for the details.
Bundling your work together
---------------------------
@@ -1656,9 +1656,9 @@ branch before these two merges by resetting it to 'master~2':
$ git reset --hard master~2
------------
-You can make sure 'git show-branch' matches the state before
-those two 'git merge' you just did. Then, instead of running
-two 'git merge' commands in a row, you would merge these two
+You can make sure `git show-branch` matches the state before
+those two 'git-merge' you just did. Then, instead of running
+two 'git-merge' commands in a row, you would merge these two
branch heads (this is known as 'making an Octopus'):
------------
@@ -1690,8 +1690,10 @@ to follow, not easier.
SEE ALSO
--------
-linkgit:gittutorial[7], linkgit:gittutorial-2[7],
-linkgit:giteveryday[7], linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7],
+linkgit:gittutorial[7],
+linkgit:gittutorial-2[7],
+linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7],
+link:everyday.html[Everyday git],
link:user-manual.html[The Git User's Manual]
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt b/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt
index 0325d67..aaa7ef7 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcvs-migration.txt
@@ -18,9 +18,9 @@ important than any other. However, you can emulate the CVS model by
designating a single shared repository which people can synchronize with;
this document explains how to do that.
-Some basic familiarity with git is required. This
-linkgit:gittutorial[7][tutorial introduction to git] and the
-linkgit:gitglossary[7][git glossary] should be sufficient.
+Some basic familiarity with git is required. Having gone through
+linkgit:gittutorial[7] and
+linkgit:gitglossary[7] should be sufficient.
Developing against a shared repository
--------------------------------------
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ $ git clone foo.com:/pub/repo.git/ my-project
$ cd my-project
------------------------------------------------
-and hack away. The equivalent of `cvs update` is
+and hack away. The equivalent of 'cvs update' is
------------------------------------------------
$ git pull origin
@@ -46,28 +46,28 @@ them first before running git pull.
[NOTE]
================================
-The `pull` command knows where to get updates from because of certain
-configuration variables that were set by the first `git clone`
+The 'pull' command knows where to get updates from because of certain
+configuration variables that were set by the first 'git-clone'
command; see `git config -l` and the linkgit:git-config[1] man
page for details.
================================
You can update the shared repository with your changes by first committing
-your changes, and then using the linkgit:git-push[1] command:
+your changes, and then using the 'git-push' command:
------------------------------------------------
$ git push origin master
------------------------------------------------
to "push" those commits to the shared repository. If someone else has
-updated the repository more recently, `git push`, like `cvs commit`, will
+updated the repository more recently, 'git-push', like 'cvs commit', will
complain, in which case you must pull any changes before attempting the
push again.
-In the `git push` command above we specify the name of the remote branch
-to update (`master`). If we leave that out, `git push` tries to update
+In the 'git-push' command above we specify the name of the remote branch
+to update (`master`). If we leave that out, 'git-push' tries to update
any branches in the remote repository that have the same name as a branch
-in the local repository. So the last `push` can be done with either of:
+in the local repository. So the last 'push' can be done with either of:
------------
$ git push origin
@@ -81,8 +81,8 @@ Setting Up a Shared Repository
------------------------------
We assume you have already created a git repository for your project,
-possibly created from scratch or from a tarball (see the
-linkgit:gittutorial[7][tutorial]), or imported from an already existing CVS
+possibly created from scratch or from a tarball (see
+linkgit:gittutorial[7]), or imported from an already existing CVS
repository (see the next section).
Assume your existing repo is at /home/alice/myproject. Create a new "bare"
@@ -118,7 +118,7 @@ Importing a CVS archive
First, install version 2.1 or higher of cvsps from
link:http://www.cobite.com/cvsps/[http://www.cobite.com/cvsps/] and make
sure it is in your path. Then cd to a checked out CVS working directory
-of the project you are interested in and run linkgit:git-cvsimport[1]:
+of the project you are interested in and run 'git-cvsimport':
-------------------------------------------
$ git cvsimport -C <destination> <module>
@@ -153,7 +153,7 @@ Advanced Shared Repository Management
Git allows you to specify scripts called "hooks" to be run at certain
points. You can use these, for example, to send all commits to the shared
-repository to a mailing list. See linkgit:githooks[5][Hooks used by git].
+repository to a mailing list. See linkgit:githooks[5].
You can enforce finer grained permissions using update hooks. See
link:howto/update-hook-example.txt[Controlling access to branches using
diff --git a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
index 4d56c85..e8041bc 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
@@ -7,40 +7,54 @@ gitdiffcore - Tweaking diff output (June 2005)
SYNOPSIS
--------
-git diff *
+'git diff' *
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-The diff commands git-diff-index, git-diff-files, and git-diff-tree
+The diff commands 'git-diff-index', 'git-diff-files', and 'git-diff-tree'
can be told to manipulate differences they find in
-unconventional ways before showing diff(1) output. The manipulation
+unconventional ways before showing 'diff' output. The manipulation
is collectively called "diffcore transformation". This short note
-describes what they are and how to use them to produce diff outputs
-that are easier to understand than the conventional kind.
+describes what they are and how to use them to produce 'diff' output
+that is easier to understand than the conventional kind.
The chain of operation
----------------------
-The git-diff-* family works by first comparing two sets of
+The 'git-diff-{asterisk}' family works by first comparing two sets of
files:
- - git-diff-index compares contents of a "tree" object and the
+ - 'git-diff-index' compares contents of a "tree" object and the
working directory (when '\--cached' flag is not used) or a
"tree" object and the index file (when '\--cached' flag is
used);
- - git-diff-files compares contents of the index file and the
+ - 'git-diff-files' compares contents of the index file and the
working directory;
- - git-diff-tree compares contents of two "tree" objects;
+ - 'git-diff-tree' compares contents of two "tree" objects;
-In all of these cases, the commands themselves compare
-corresponding paths in the two sets of files. The result of
-comparison is passed from these commands to what is internally
-called "diffcore", in a format similar to what is output when
-the -p option is not used. E.g.
+In all of these cases, the commands themselves first optionally limit
+the two sets of files by any pathspecs given on their command-lines,
+and compare corresponding paths in the two resulting sets of files.
+
+The pathspecs are used to limit the world diff operates in. They remove
+the filepairs outside the specified sets of pathnames. E.g. If the
+input set of filepairs included:
+
+------------------------------------------------
+:100644 100644 bcd1234... 0123456... M junkfile
+------------------------------------------------
+
+but the command invocation was `git diff-files myfile`, then the
+junkfile entry would be removed from the list because only "myfile"
+is under consideration.
+
+The result of comparison is passed from these commands to what is
+internally called "diffcore", in a format similar to what is output
+when the -p option is not used. E.g.
------------------------------------------------
in-place edit :100644 100644 bcd1234... 0123456... M file0
@@ -52,53 +66,28 @@ unmerged :000000 000000 0000000... 0000000... U file6
The diffcore mechanism is fed a list of such comparison results
(each of which is called "filepair", although at this point each
of them talks about a single file), and transforms such a list
-into another list. There are currently 6 such transformations:
+into another list. There are currently 5 such transformations:
-- diffcore-pathspec
- diffcore-break
- diffcore-rename
- diffcore-merge-broken
- diffcore-pickaxe
- diffcore-order
-These are applied in sequence. The set of filepairs git-diff-\*
-commands find are used as the input to diffcore-pathspec, and
-the output from diffcore-pathspec is used as the input to the
+These are applied in sequence. The set of filepairs 'git-diff-{asterisk}'
+commands find are used as the input to diffcore-break, and
+the output from diffcore-break is used as the input to the
next transformation. The final result is then passed to the
output routine and generates either diff-raw format (see Output
-format sections of the manual for git-diff-\* commands) or
+format sections of the manual for 'git-diff-{asterisk}' commands) or
diff-patch format.
-diffcore-pathspec: For Ignoring Files Outside Our Consideration
----------------------------------------------------------------
-
-The first transformation in the chain is diffcore-pathspec, and
-is controlled by giving the pathname parameters to the
-git-diff-* commands on the command line. The pathspec is used
-to limit the world diff operates in. It removes the filepairs
-outside the specified set of pathnames. E.g. If the input set
-of filepairs included:
-
-------------------------------------------------
-:100644 100644 bcd1234... 0123456... M junkfile
-------------------------------------------------
-
-but the command invocation was "git-diff-files myfile", then the
-junkfile entry would be removed from the list because only "myfile"
-is under consideration.
-
-Implementation note. For performance reasons, git-diff-tree
-uses the pathname parameters on the command line to cull set of
-filepairs it feeds the diffcore mechanism itself, and does not
-use diffcore-pathspec, but the end result is the same.
-
-
diffcore-break: For Splitting Up "Complete Rewrites"
----------------------------------------------------
The second transformation in the chain is diffcore-break, and is
-controlled by the -B option to the git-diff-* commands. This is
+controlled by the -B option to the 'git-diff-{asterisk}' commands. This is
used to detect a filepair that represents "complete rewrite" and
break such filepair into two filepairs that represent delete and
create. E.g. If the input contained this filepair:
@@ -134,7 +123,7 @@ diffcore-rename: For Detection Renames and Copies
This transformation is used to detect renames and copies, and is
controlled by the -M option (to detect renames) and the -C option
-(to detect copies as well) to the git-diff-* commands. If the
+(to detect copies as well) to the 'git-diff-{asterisk}' commands. If the
input contained these filepairs:
------------------------------------------------
@@ -179,11 +168,11 @@ number after the "-M" or "-C" option (e.g. "-M8" to tell it to use
8/10 = 80%).
Note. When the "-C" option is used with `\--find-copies-harder`
-option, git-diff-\* commands feed unmodified filepairs to
+option, 'git-diff-{asterisk}' commands feed unmodified filepairs to
diffcore mechanism as well as modified ones. This lets the copy
detector consider unmodified files as copy source candidates at
the expense of making it slower. Without `\--find-copies-harder`,
-git-diff-\* commands can detect copies only if the file that was
+'git-diff-{asterisk}' commands can detect copies only if the file that was
copied happened to have been modified in the same changeset.
@@ -234,7 +223,7 @@ diffcore-pickaxe: For Detecting Addition/Deletion of Specified String
This transformation is used to find filepairs that represent
changes that touch a specified string, and is controlled by the
--S option and the `\--pickaxe-all` option to the git-diff-*
+-S option and the `\--pickaxe-all` option to the 'git-diff-{asterisk}'
commands.
When diffcore-pickaxe is in use, it checks if there are
@@ -257,7 +246,7 @@ diffcore-order: For Sorting the Output Based on Filenames
This is used to reorder the filepairs according to the user's
(or project's) taste, and is controlled by the -O option to the
-git-diff-* commands.
+'git-diff-{asterisk}' commands.
This takes a text file each of whose lines is a shell glob
pattern. Filepairs that match a glob pattern on an earlier line
diff --git a/Documentation/gitglossary.txt b/Documentation/gitglossary.txt
index 5c5c31d..d77a45a 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitglossary.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitglossary.txt
@@ -16,8 +16,10 @@ include::glossary-content.txt[]
SEE ALSO
--------
-linkgit:gittutorial[7], linkgit:gittutorial-2[7],
-linkgit:giteveryday[7], linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7],
+linkgit:gittutorial[7],
+linkgit:gittutorial-2[7],
+linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7],
+link:everyday.html[Everyday git],
link:user-manual.html[The Git User's Manual]
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/githooks.txt b/Documentation/githooks.txt
index 4f06ae0..5faaaa5 100644
--- a/Documentation/githooks.txt
+++ b/Documentation/githooks.txt
@@ -15,19 +15,20 @@ DESCRIPTION
Hooks are little scripts you can place in `$GIT_DIR/hooks`
directory to trigger action at certain points. When
-`git-init` is run, a handful example hooks are copied in the
+'git-init' is run, a handful example hooks are copied in the
`hooks` directory of the new repository, but by default they are
-all disabled. To enable a hook, make it executable with `chmod +x`.
+all disabled. To enable a hook, rename it by removing its `.sample`
+suffix.
This document describes the currently defined hooks.
applypatch-msg
--------------
-This hook is invoked by `git-am` script. It takes a single
+This hook is invoked by 'git-am' script. It takes a single
parameter, the name of the file that holds the proposed commit
log message. Exiting with non-zero status causes
-`git-am` to abort before applying the patch.
+'git-am' to abort before applying the patch.
The hook is allowed to edit the message file in place, and can
be used to normalize the message into some project standard
@@ -40,7 +41,7 @@ The default 'applypatch-msg' hook, when enabled, runs the
pre-applypatch
--------------
-This hook is invoked by `git-am`. It takes no parameter, and is
+This hook is invoked by 'git-am'. It takes no parameter, and is
invoked after the patch is applied, but before a commit is made.
If it exits with non-zero status, then the working tree will not be
@@ -55,45 +56,45 @@ The default 'pre-applypatch' hook, when enabled, runs the
post-applypatch
---------------
-This hook is invoked by `git-am`. It takes no parameter,
+This hook is invoked by 'git-am'. It takes no parameter,
and is invoked after the patch is applied and a commit is made.
This hook is meant primarily for notification, and cannot affect
-the outcome of `git-am`.
+the outcome of 'git-am'.
pre-commit
----------
-This hook is invoked by `git-commit`, and can be bypassed
+This hook is invoked by 'git-commit', and can be bypassed
with `\--no-verify` option. It takes no parameter, and is
invoked before obtaining the proposed commit log message and
making a commit. Exiting with non-zero status from this script
-causes the `git-commit` to abort.
+causes the 'git-commit' to abort.
The default 'pre-commit' hook, when enabled, catches introduction
of lines with trailing whitespaces and aborts the commit when
such a line is found.
-All the `git-commit` hooks are invoked with the environment
+All the 'git-commit' hooks are invoked with the environment
variable `GIT_EDITOR=:` if the command will not bring up an editor
to modify the commit message.
prepare-commit-msg
------------------
-This hook is invoked by `git-commit` right after preparing the
+This hook is invoked by 'git-commit' right after preparing the
default log message, and before the editor is started.
It takes one to three parameters. The first is the name of the file
that the commit log message. The second is the source of the commit
-message, and can be: `message` (if a `\-m` or `\-F` option was
-given); `template` (if a `\-t` option was given or the
+message, and can be: `message` (if a `-m` or `-F` option was
+given); `template` (if a `-t` option was given or the
configuration option `commit.template` is set); `merge` (if the
commit is a merge or a `.git/MERGE_MSG` file exists); `squash`
(if a `.git/SQUASH_MSG` file exists); or `commit`, followed by
-a commit SHA1 (if a `\-c`, `\-C` or `\--amend` option was given).
+a commit SHA1 (if a `-c`, `-C` or `\--amend` option was given).
-If the exit status is non-zero, `git-commit` will abort.
+If the exit status is non-zero, 'git-commit' will abort.
The purpose of the hook is to edit the message file in place, and
it is not suppressed by the `\--no-verify` option. A non-zero exit
@@ -106,10 +107,10 @@ out the `Conflicts:` part of a merge's commit message.
commit-msg
----------
-This hook is invoked by `git-commit`, and can be bypassed
+This hook is invoked by 'git-commit', and can be bypassed
with `\--no-verify` option. It takes a single parameter, the
name of the file that holds the proposed commit log message.
-Exiting with non-zero status causes the `git-commit` to
+Exiting with non-zero status causes the 'git-commit' to
abort.
The hook is allowed to edit the message file in place, and can
@@ -123,21 +124,28 @@ The default 'commit-msg' hook, when enabled, detects duplicate
post-commit
-----------
-This hook is invoked by `git-commit`. It takes no
+This hook is invoked by 'git-commit'. It takes no
parameter, and is invoked after a commit is made.
This hook is meant primarily for notification, and cannot affect
-the outcome of `git-commit`.
+the outcome of 'git-commit'.
+
+pre-rebase
+----------
+
+This hook is called by 'git-rebase' and can be used to prevent a branch
+from getting rebased.
+
post-checkout
-----------
-This hook is invoked when a `git-checkout` is run after having updated the
+This hook is invoked when a 'git-checkout' is run after having updated the
worktree. The hook is given three parameters: the ref of the previous HEAD,
the ref of the new HEAD (which may or may not have changed), and a flag
indicating whether the checkout was a branch checkout (changing branches,
flag=1) or a file checkout (retrieving a file from the index, flag=0).
-This hook cannot affect the outcome of `git-checkout`.
+This hook cannot affect the outcome of 'git-checkout'.
This hook can be used to perform repository validity checks, auto-display
differences from the previous HEAD if different, or set working dir metadata
@@ -146,10 +154,10 @@ properties.
post-merge
-----------
-This hook is invoked by `git-merge`, which happens when a `git pull`
+This hook is invoked by 'git-merge', which happens when a 'git-pull'
is done on a local repository. The hook takes a single parameter, a status
flag specifying whether or not the merge being done was a squash merge.
-This hook cannot affect the outcome of `git-merge` and is not executed,
+This hook cannot affect the outcome of 'git-merge' and is not executed,
if the merge failed due to conflicts.
This hook can be used in conjunction with a corresponding pre-commit hook to
@@ -161,8 +169,8 @@ for an example of how to do this.
pre-receive
-----------
-This hook is invoked by `git-receive-pack` on the remote repository,
-which happens when a `git push` is done on a local repository.
+This hook is invoked by 'git-receive-pack' on the remote repository,
+which happens when a 'git-push' is done on a local repository.
Just before starting to update refs on the remote repository, the
pre-receive hook is invoked. Its exit status determines the success
or failure of the update.
@@ -183,15 +191,15 @@ updated. If the hook exits with zero, updating of individual refs can
still be prevented by the <<update,'update'>> hook.
Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
-`git-send-pack` on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
+'git-send-pack' on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
for the user.
[[update]]
update
------
-This hook is invoked by `git-receive-pack` on the remote repository,
-which happens when a `git push` is done on a local repository.
+This hook is invoked by 'git-receive-pack' on the remote repository,
+which happens when a 'git-push' is done on a local repository.
Just before updating the ref on the remote repository, the update hook
is invoked. Its exit status determines the success or failure of
the ref update.
@@ -204,7 +212,7 @@ three parameters:
- and the new objectname to be stored in the ref.
A zero exit from the update hook allows the ref to be updated.
-Exiting with a non-zero status prevents `git-receive-pack`
+Exiting with a non-zero status prevents 'git-receive-pack'
from updating that ref.
This hook can be used to prevent 'forced' update on certain refs by
@@ -222,7 +230,7 @@ implement access control which is finer grained than the one
based on filesystem group.
Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
-`git-send-pack` on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
+'git-send-pack' on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
for the user.
The default 'update' hook, when enabled--and with
@@ -233,8 +241,8 @@ unannotated tags to be pushed.
post-receive
------------
-This hook is invoked by `git-receive-pack` on the remote repository,
-which happens when a `git push` is done on a local repository.
+This hook is invoked by 'git-receive-pack' on the remote repository,
+which happens when a 'git-push' is done on a local repository.
It executes on the remote repository once after all the refs have
been updated.
@@ -243,7 +251,7 @@ arguments, but gets the same information as the
<<pre-receive,'pre-receive'>>
hook does on its standard input.
-This hook does not affect the outcome of `git-receive-pack`, as it
+This hook does not affect the outcome of 'git-receive-pack', as it
is called after the real work is done.
This supersedes the <<post-update,'post-update'>> hook in that it gets
@@ -251,7 +259,7 @@ both old and new values of all the refs in addition to their
names.
Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
-`git-send-pack` on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
+'git-send-pack' on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
for the user.
The default 'post-receive' hook is empty, but there is
@@ -263,8 +271,8 @@ emails.
post-update
-----------
-This hook is invoked by `git-receive-pack` on the remote repository,
-which happens when a `git push` is done on a local repository.
+This hook is invoked by 'git-receive-pack' on the remote repository,
+which happens when a 'git-push' is done on a local repository.
It executes on the remote repository once after all the refs have
been updated.
@@ -272,7 +280,7 @@ It takes a variable number of parameters, each of which is the
name of ref that was actually updated.
This hook is meant primarily for notification, and cannot affect
-the outcome of `git-receive-pack`.
+the outcome of 'git-receive-pack'.
The 'post-update' hook can tell what are the heads that were pushed,
but it does not know what their original and updated values are,
@@ -282,20 +290,20 @@ updated values of the refs. You might consider it instead if you need
them.
When enabled, the default 'post-update' hook runs
-`git-update-server-info` to keep the information used by dumb
+'git-update-server-info' to keep the information used by dumb
transports (e.g., HTTP) up-to-date. If you are publishing
a git repository that is accessible via HTTP, you should
probably enable this hook.
Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
-`git-send-pack` on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
+'git-send-pack' on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
for the user.
pre-auto-gc
-----------
-This hook is invoked by `git-gc --auto`. It takes no parameter, and
-exiting with non-zero status from this script causes the `git-gc --auto`
+This hook is invoked by 'git-gc --auto'. It takes no parameter, and
+exiting with non-zero status from this script causes the 'git-gc --auto'
to abort.
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/gitignore.txt b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
index 2881c9c..59321a2 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitignore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
@@ -13,9 +13,14 @@ DESCRIPTION
-----------
A `gitignore` file specifies intentionally untracked files that
-git should ignore. Each line in a `gitignore` file specifies a
-pattern.
-
+git should ignore.
+Note that all the `gitignore` files really concern only files
+that are not already tracked by git;
+in order to ignore uncommitted changes in already tracked files,
+please refer to the 'git update-index --assume-unchanged'
+documentation.
+
+Each line in a `gitignore` file specifies a pattern.
When deciding whether to ignore a path, git normally checks
`gitignore` patterns from multiple sources, with the following
order of precedence, from highest to lowest (within one level of
@@ -51,10 +56,10 @@ the user's editor of choice) generally go into a file specified by
`core.excludesfile` in the user's `~/.gitconfig`.
The underlying git plumbing tools, such as
-linkgit:git-ls-files[1] and linkgit:git-read-tree[1], read
+'git-ls-files' and 'git-read-tree', read
`gitignore` patterns specified by command-line options, or from
files specified by command-line options. Higher-level git
-tools, such as linkgit:git-status[1] and linkgit:git-add[1],
+tools, such as 'git-status' and 'git-add',
use patterns from the sources specified above.
Patterns have the following format:
@@ -92,7 +97,7 @@ Patterns have the following format:
An example:
--------------------------------------------------------------
- $ git-status
+ $ git status
[...]
# Untracked files:
[...]
@@ -110,7 +115,7 @@ An example:
*.html
# except foo.html which is maintained by hand
!foo.html
- $ git-status
+ $ git status
[...]
# Untracked files:
[...]
diff --git a/Documentation/gitk.txt b/Documentation/gitk.txt
index f843f39..5ef3687 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitk.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitk.txt
@@ -21,8 +21,9 @@ git repository.
OPTIONS
-------
-To control which revisions to shown, the command takes options applicable to
-the linkgit:git-rev-list[1] command. This manual page describes only the most
+To control which revisions to show, the command takes options applicable to
+the 'git-rev-list' command (see linkgit:git-rev-list[1]).
+This manual page describes only the most
frequently used options.
-n <number>::
@@ -48,6 +49,13 @@ frequently used options.
the history between two branches (i.e. the HEAD and the MERGE_HEAD)
that modify the conflicted files.
+--argscmd=<command>::
+ Command to be run each time gitk has to determine the list of
+ <revs> to show. The command is expected to print on its standard
+ output a list of additional revs to be shown, one per line.
+ Use this instead of explicitly specifying <revs> if the set of
+ commits to show may vary between refreshes.
+
<revs>::
Limit the revisions to show. This can be either a single revision
@@ -57,7 +65,7 @@ frequently used options.
For a more complete list of ways to spell object names, see
"SPECIFYING REVISIONS" section in linkgit:git-rev-parse[1].
-<path>::
+<path>...::
Limit commits to the ones touching files in the given paths. Note, to
avoid ambiguity wrt. revision names use "--" to separate the paths
@@ -67,7 +75,7 @@ Examples
--------
gitk v2.6.12.. include/scsi drivers/scsi::
- Show as the changes since version 'v2.6.12' that changed any
+ Show the changes since version 'v2.6.12' that changed any
file in the include/scsi or drivers/scsi subdirectories
gitk --since="2 weeks ago" \-- gitk::
diff --git a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
index f8d122a..d1a17e2 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitmodules.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ gitmodules - defining submodule properties
SYNOPSIS
--------
-gitmodules
+$GIT_WORK_DIR/.gitmodules
DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt b/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
index 03c52ff..a969b3f 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@ objects/info/packs::
are available in this object store. Whenever a pack is
added or removed, `git update-server-info` should be run
to keep this file up-to-date if the repository is
- published for dumb transports. `git repack` does this
+ published for dumb transports. 'git-repack' does this
by default.
objects/info/alternates::
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ objects/info/http-alternates::
refs::
References are stored in subdirectories of this
- directory. The `git prune` command knows to keep
+ directory. The 'git-prune' command knows to keep
objects reachable from refs found in this directory and
its subdirectories.
@@ -125,7 +125,7 @@ details.
branches::
A slightly deprecated way to store shorthands to be used
- to specify URL to `git fetch`, `git pull` and `git push`
+ to specify URL to 'git-fetch', 'git-pull' and 'git-push'
commands is to store a file in `branches/<name>` and
give 'name' to these commands in place of 'repository'
argument.
@@ -133,9 +133,9 @@ branches::
hooks::
Hooks are customization scripts used by various git
commands. A handful of sample hooks are installed when
- `git init` is run, but all of them are disabled by
+ 'git-init' is run, but all of them are disabled by
default. To enable, they need to be made executable.
- Read linkgit:githooks[5][hooks] for more details about
+ Read linkgit:githooks[5] for more details about
each hook.
index::
@@ -150,10 +150,10 @@ info/refs::
This file helps dumb transports discover what refs are
available in this repository. If the repository is
published for dumb transports, this file should be
- regenerated by `git update-server-info` every time a tag
+ regenerated by 'git-update-server-info' every time a tag
or branch is created or modified. This is normally done
from the `hooks/update` hook, which is run by the
- `git-receive-pack` command when you `git push` into the
+ 'git-receive-pack' command when you 'git-push' into the
repository.
info/grafts::
@@ -167,18 +167,18 @@ info/grafts::
info/exclude::
This file, by convention among Porcelains, stores the
exclude pattern list. `.gitignore` is the per-directory
- ignore file. `git status`, `git add`, `git rm` and `git
- clean` look at it but the core git commands do not look
+ ignore file. 'git-status', 'git-add', 'git-rm' and
+ 'git-clean' look at it but the core git commands do not look
at it. See also: linkgit:gitignore[5].
remotes::
Stores shorthands to be used to give URL and default
- refnames to interact with remote repository to `git
- fetch`, `git pull` and `git push` commands.
+ refnames to interact with remote repository to
+ 'git-fetch', 'git-pull' and 'git-push' commands.
logs::
Records of changes made to refs are stored in this
- directory. See the documentation on git-update-ref
+ directory. See linkgit:git-update-ref[1]
for more information.
logs/refs/heads/`name`::
diff --git a/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt b/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
index e3d5c1f..6609046 100644
--- a/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
@@ -12,8 +12,7 @@ git *
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-You should work through linkgit:gittutorial[7][A tutorial introduction to
-git] before reading this tutorial.
+You should work through linkgit:gittutorial[7] before reading this tutorial.
The goal of this tutorial is to introduce two fundamental pieces of
git's architecture--the object database and the index file--and to
@@ -55,15 +54,15 @@ following the example above generates a different SHA1 hash than
the one shown above because the commit object records the time when
it was created and the name of the person performing the commit.
-We can ask git about this particular object with the cat-file
+We can ask git about this particular object with the `cat-file`
command. Don't copy the 40 hex digits from this example but use those
from your own version. Note that you can shorten it to only a few
characters to save yourself typing all 40 hex digits:
------------------------------------------------
-$ git-cat-file -t 54196cc2
+$ git cat-file -t 54196cc2
commit
-$ git-cat-file commit 54196cc2
+$ git cat-file commit 54196cc2
tree 92b8b694ffb1675e5975148e1121810081dbdffe
author J. Bruce Fields <bfields@puzzle.fieldses.org> 1143414668 -0500
committer J. Bruce Fields <bfields@puzzle.fieldses.org> 1143414668 -0500
@@ -166,7 +165,7 @@ hello world!
and the "parent" object refers to the previous commit:
------------------------------------------------
-$ git-cat-file commit 54196cc2
+$ git cat-file commit 54196cc2
tree 92b8b694ffb1675e5975148e1121810081dbdffe
author J. Bruce Fields <bfields@puzzle.fieldses.org> 1143414668 -0500
committer J. Bruce Fields <bfields@puzzle.fieldses.org> 1143414668 -0500
@@ -213,8 +212,8 @@ designate such an argument.
The index file
--------------
-The primary tool we've been using to create commits is "git commit
--a", which creates a commit including every change you've made to
+The primary tool we've been using to create commits is `git-commit
+-a`, which creates a commit including every change you've made to
your working tree. But what if you want to commit changes only to
certain files? Or only certain changes to certain files?
@@ -246,7 +245,7 @@ The last diff is empty, but no new commits have been made, and the
head still doesn't contain the new line:
------------------------------------------------
-$ git-diff HEAD
+$ git diff HEAD
diff --git a/file.txt b/file.txt
index a042389..513feba 100644
--- a/file.txt
@@ -256,7 +255,7 @@ index a042389..513feba 100644
+hello world, again
------------------------------------------------
-So "git diff" is comparing against something other than the head.
+So 'git-diff' is comparing against something other than the head.
The thing that it's comparing against is actually the index file,
which is stored in .git/index in a binary format, but whose contents
we can examine with ls-files:
@@ -271,9 +270,9 @@ hello world!
hello world, again
------------------------------------------------
-So what our "git add" did was store a new blob and then put
+So what our 'git-add' did was store a new blob and then put
a reference to it in the index file. If we modify the file again,
-we'll see that the new modifications are reflected in the "git-diff"
+we'll see that the new modifications are reflected in the 'git-diff'
output:
------------------------------------------------
@@ -288,7 +287,7 @@ index 513feba..ba3da7b 100644
+again?
------------------------------------------------
-With the right arguments, git diff can also show us the difference
+With the right arguments, 'git-diff' can also show us the difference
between the working directory and the last commit, or between the
index and the last commit:
@@ -312,8 +311,8 @@ index a042389..513feba 100644
+hello world, again
------------------------------------------------
-At any time, we can create a new commit using "git commit" (without
-the -a option), and verify that the state committed only includes the
+At any time, we can create a new commit using 'git-commit' (without
+the "-a" option), and verify that the state committed only includes the
changes stored in the index file, not the additional change that is
still only in our working tree:
@@ -330,11 +329,11 @@ index 513feba..ba3da7b 100644
+again?
------------------------------------------------
-So by default "git commit" uses the index to create the commit, not
-the working tree; the -a option to commit tells it to first update
+So by default 'git-commit' uses the index to create the commit, not
+the working tree; the "-a" option to commit tells it to first update
the index with all changes in the working tree.
-Finally, it's worth looking at the effect of "git add" on the index
+Finally, it's worth looking at the effect of 'git-add' on the index
file:
------------------------------------------------
@@ -342,7 +341,7 @@ $ echo "goodbye, world" >closing.txt
$ git add closing.txt
------------------------------------------------
-The effect of the "git add" was to add one entry to the index file:
+The effect of the 'git-add' was to add one entry to the index file:
------------------------------------------------
$ git ls-files --stage
@@ -383,14 +382,14 @@ it is marked "changed but not updated". At this point, running "git
commit" would create a commit that added closing.txt (with its new
contents), but that didn't modify file.txt.
-Also, note that a bare "git diff" shows the changes to file.txt, but
+Also, note that a bare `git diff` shows the changes to file.txt, but
not the addition of closing.txt, because the version of closing.txt
in the index file is identical to the one in the working directory.
In addition to being the staging area for new commits, the index file
is also populated from the object database when checking out a
branch, and is used to hold the trees involved in a merge operation.
-See the linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7][core tutorial] and the relevant man
+See linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7] and the relevant man
pages for details.
What next?
@@ -399,20 +398,19 @@ What next?
At this point you should know everything necessary to read the man
pages for any of the git commands; one good place to start would be
with the commands mentioned in link:everyday.html[Everyday git]. You
-should be able to find any unknown jargon in the
-linkgit:gitglossary[7][Glossary].
+should be able to find any unknown jargon in linkgit:gitglossary[7].
The link:user-manual.html[Git User's Manual] provides a more
comprehensive introduction to git.
-The linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7][CVS migration] document explains how to
+linkgit:gitcvs-migration[7] explains how to
import a CVS repository into git, and shows how to use git in a
CVS-like way.
For some interesting examples of git use, see the
link:howto-index.html[howtos].
-For git developers, the linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7][Core tutorial] goes
+For git developers, linkgit:gitcore-tutorial[7] goes
into detail on the lower-level git mechanisms involved in, for
example, creating a new commit.
diff --git a/Documentation/gittutorial.txt b/Documentation/gittutorial.txt
index d465aab..384972c 100644
--- a/Documentation/gittutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gittutorial.txt
@@ -19,11 +19,11 @@ If you are instead primarily interested in using git to fetch a project,
for example, to test the latest version, you may prefer to start with
the first two chapters of link:user-manual.html[The Git User's Manual].
-First, note that you can get documentation for a command such as "git
-diff" with:
+First, note that you can get documentation for a command such as
+`git log --graph` with:
------------------------------------------------
-$ man git-diff
+$ man git-log
------------------------------------------------
It is a good idea to introduce yourself to git with your name and
@@ -58,7 +58,7 @@ You've now initialized the working directory--you may notice a new
directory created, named ".git".
Next, tell git to take a snapshot of the contents of all files under the
-current directory (note the '.'), with linkgit:git-add[1]:
+current directory (note the '.'), with 'git-add':
------------------------------------------------
$ git add .
@@ -66,7 +66,7 @@ $ git add .
This snapshot is now stored in a temporary staging area which git calls
the "index". You can permanently store the contents of the index in the
-repository with linkgit:git-commit[1]:
+repository with 'git-commit':
------------------------------------------------
$ git commit
@@ -85,15 +85,15 @@ $ git add file1 file2 file3
------------------------------------------------
You are now ready to commit. You can see what is about to be committed
-using linkgit:git-diff[1] with the --cached option:
+using 'git-diff' with the --cached option:
------------------------------------------------
$ git diff --cached
------------------------------------------------
-(Without --cached, linkgit:git-diff[1] will show you any changes that
+(Without --cached, 'git-diff' will show you any changes that
you've made but not yet added to the index.) You can also get a brief
-summary of the situation with linkgit:git-status[1]:
+summary of the situation with 'git-status':
------------------------------------------------
$ git status
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ $ git commit
This will again prompt you for a message describing the change, and then
record a new version of the project.
-Alternatively, instead of running `git add` beforehand, you can use
+Alternatively, instead of running 'git-add' beforehand, you can use
------------------------------------------------
$ git commit -a
@@ -136,9 +136,9 @@ commit in the body.
Git tracks content not files
----------------------------
-Many revision control systems provide an "add" command that tells the
-system to start tracking changes to a new file. Git's "add" command
-does something simpler and more powerful: `git add` is used both for new
+Many revision control systems provide an `add` command that tells the
+system to start tracking changes to a