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-rw-r--r--.gitignore5
-rw-r--r--.mailmap219
-rw-r--r--Documentation/CodingGuidelines13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/Makefile44
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt39
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt115
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt61
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt19
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.2.txt59
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.3.txt47
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.4.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.txt436
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.txt486
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.txt86
-rw-r--r--Documentation/SubmittingPatches15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/blame-options.txt25
-rwxr-xr-xDocumentation/cat-texi.perl1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/config.txt237
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-options.txt54
-rw-r--r--Documentation/fetch-options.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-add.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-am.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-archive.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-blame.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-cat-file.txt75
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-attr.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-mailmap.txt47
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-checkout.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clean.txt71
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-clone.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt7
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-commit.txt54
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-config.txt63
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-count-objects.txt30
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-daemon.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-describe.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff-index.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-diff.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-difftool.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fast-export.txt24
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt27
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-format-patch.txt20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-fsck.txt10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-gc.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-grep.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-help.txt28
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-http-backend.txt82
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-index-pack.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-log.txt52
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-files.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-file.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge-index.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge.txt31
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-mergetool.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-name-rev.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-p4.txt17
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pack-refs.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-patch-id.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-prune.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-pull.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-push.txt50
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rebase.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-reflog.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-remote.txt31
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-replace.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-reset.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-list.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt141
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-revert.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-rm.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-send-email.txt15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-shell.txt82
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-shortlog.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show-branch.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show-index.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show-ref.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-show.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-stash.txt13
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-status.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-submodule.txt42
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-svn.txt54
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tag.txt19
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-tools.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-update-index.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-web--browse.txt1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git.txt63
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcli.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt47
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt47
-rw-r--r--Documentation/githooks.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt16
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt29
-rw-r--r--Documentation/gitweb.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/glossary-content.txt102
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/new-command.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-blob-object.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/howto/revert-branch-rebase.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/line-range-format.txt25
-rw-r--r--Documentation/merge-options.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/merge-strategies.txt6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pretty-formats.txt41
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pretty-options.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pull-fetch-param.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/rev-list-options.txt51
-rw-r--r--Documentation/revisions.txt25
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-argv-array.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-builtin.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt25
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-ref-iteration.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-revision-walking.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/http-protocol.txt503
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/index-format.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt18
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/pack-heuristics.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/racy-git.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/shallow.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/urls.txt11
-rw-r--r--Documentation/user-manual.txt343
-rwxr-xr-xGIT-VERSION-GEN4
-rw-r--r--INSTALL2
-rw-r--r--Makefile202
l---------RelNotes2
-rw-r--r--abspath.c2
-rw-r--r--advice.c8
-rw-r--r--advice.h5
-rw-r--r--archive-zip.c39
-rw-r--r--archive.c2
-rw-r--r--argv-array.h1
-rw-r--r--attr.c60
-rw-r--r--bisect.c9
-rw-r--r--branch.c100
-rw-r--r--builtin.h20
-rw-r--r--builtin/add.c242
-rw-r--r--builtin/apply.c45
-rw-r--r--builtin/archive.c17
-rw-r--r--builtin/blame.c112
-rw-r--r--builtin/branch.c93
-rw-r--r--builtin/cat-file.c273
-rw-r--r--builtin/check-ignore.c97
-rw-r--r--builtin/check-mailmap.c66
-rw-r--r--builtin/checkout.c114
-rw-r--r--builtin/clean.c804
-rw-r--r--builtin/clone.c96
-rw-r--r--builtin/commit-tree.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin/commit.c132
-rw-r--r--builtin/config.c40
-rw-r--r--builtin/count-objects.c72
-rw-r--r--builtin/describe.c87
-rw-r--r--builtin/diff.c69
-rw-r--r--builtin/fast-export.c67
-rw-r--r--builtin/fetch-pack.c49
-rw-r--r--builtin/fetch.c102
-rw-r--r--builtin/fmt-merge-msg.c20
-rw-r--r--builtin/fsck.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin/grep.c11
-rw-r--r--builtin/help.c48
-rw-r--r--builtin/index-pack.c83
-rw-r--r--builtin/log.c233
-rw-r--r--builtin/ls-files.c61
-rw-r--r--builtin/mailsplit.c23
-rw-r--r--builtin/merge-base.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin/merge-index.c4
-rw-r--r--builtin/merge-tree.c34
-rw-r--r--builtin/merge.c114
-rw-r--r--builtin/name-rev.c149
-rw-r--r--builtin/notes.c138
-rw-r--r--builtin/pack-refs.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin/prune-packed.c15
-rw-r--r--builtin/prune.c10
-rw-r--r--builtin/push.c72
-rw-r--r--builtin/read-tree.c5
-rw-r--r--builtin/receive-pack.c15
-rw-r--r--builtin/reflog.c16
-rw-r--r--builtin/remote.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin/replace.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin/reset.c5
-rw-r--r--builtin/rev-list.c1
-rw-r--r--builtin/rev-parse.c52
-rw-r--r--builtin/revert.c6
-rw-r--r--builtin/rm.c108
-rw-r--r--builtin/send-pack.c4
-rw-r--r--builtin/shortlog.c5
-rw-r--r--builtin/show-branch.c33
-rw-r--r--builtin/show-ref.c10
-rw-r--r--builtin/tag.c2
-rw-r--r--builtin/update-index.c16
-rw-r--r--builtin/upload-archive.c45
-rw-r--r--builtin/verify-tag.c2
-rw-r--r--bundle.c20
-rw-r--r--cache-tree.c19
-rw-r--r--cache-tree.h2
-rw-r--r--cache.h167
-rw-r--r--color.c2
-rw-r--r--combine-diff.c250
-rw-r--r--command-list.txt1
-rw-r--r--commit-slab.h97
-rw-r--r--commit.c332
-rw-r--r--commit.h55
-rw-r--r--compat/clipped-write.c13
-rw-r--r--compat/cygwin.c149
-rw-r--r--compat/cygwin.h9
-rw-r--r--compat/fnmatch/fnmatch.c3
-rw-r--r--compat/mingw.c10
-rw-r--r--compat/mingw.h11
-rw-r--r--compat/msvc.h2
-rw-r--r--compat/nedmalloc/Readme.txt2
-rw-r--r--compat/nedmalloc/malloc.c.h16
-rw-r--r--compat/nedmalloc/nedmalloc.c4
-rw-r--r--compat/obstack.h2
-rw-r--r--compat/poll/poll.c2
-rw-r--r--compat/precompose_utf8.c4
-rw-r--r--compat/regex/regcomp.c20
-rw-r--r--compat/regex/regex.c2
-rw-r--r--compat/regex/regex_internal.c6
-rw-r--r--compat/regex/regexec.c12
-rw-r--r--compat/terminal.c4
-rw-r--r--compat/unsetenv.c2
-rw-r--r--compat/vcbuild/include/sys/poll.h1
-rw-r--r--compat/vcbuild/include/unistd.h3
-rw-r--r--compat/win32.h2
-rw-r--r--compat/win32/pthread.c2
-rw-r--r--compat/win32mmap.c4
-rw-r--r--config.c245
-rw-r--r--config.mak.in6
-rw-r--r--config.mak.uname27
-rw-r--r--configure.ac2
-rw-r--r--connect.c20
-rw-r--r--connected.c34
-rw-r--r--connected.h5
-rw-r--r--contrib/blameview/README9
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/blameview/blameview.perl155
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/ciabot/ciabot.py2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/ciabot/ciabot.sh4
-rw-r--r--contrib/completion/git-completion.bash303
-rw-r--r--contrib/completion/git-completion.zsh163
-rw-r--r--contrib/completion/git-prompt.sh336
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/contacts/git-contacts188
-rw-r--r--contrib/contacts/git-contacts.txt94
-rw-r--r--contrib/continuous/cidaemon503
-rw-r--r--contrib/continuous/post-receive-cinotify104
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/gnome-keyring/git-credential-gnome-keyring.c2
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/netrc/Makefile5
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/credential/netrc/git-credential-netrc421
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/netrc/test.netrc13
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/credential/netrc/test.pl106
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/osxkeychain/git-credential-osxkeychain.c14
-rw-r--r--contrib/credential/wincred/git-credential-wincred.c2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-log.sh15
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-remote.perl10
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-svnimport.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-whatchanged.sh28
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/fast-import/git-import.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/fast-import/git-import.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/fast-import/import-zips.py98
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/hg-to-git/hg-to-git.py2
-rw-r--r--contrib/hooks/multimail/README486
-rw-r--r--contrib/hooks/multimail/README.Git15
-rw-r--r--contrib/hooks/multimail/README.migrate-from-post-receive-email145
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/hooks/multimail/git_multimail.py2393
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/hooks/multimail/migrate-mailhook-config269
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/hooks/multimail/post-receive90
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/hooks/post-receive-email17
-rw-r--r--contrib/hooks/setgitperms.perl2
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/.perlcriticrc28
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/Git/Mediawiki.pm100
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/Makefile35
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/bin-wrapper/git14
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/git-mw.perl368
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/git-remote-mediawiki.perl673
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/git-remote-mediawiki.txt2
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/t/README6
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-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/t/install-wiki/LocalSettings.php2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/t/t9362-mw-to-git-utf8.sh14
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/mw-to-git/t/test-gitmw-lib.sh27
-rw-r--r--contrib/mw-to-git/t/test.config4
-rw-r--r--contrib/patches/docbook-xsl-manpages-charmap.patch21
-rw-r--r--contrib/remote-helpers/Makefile1
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/git-remote-bzr455
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/git-remote-hg665
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/test-bzr.sh394
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/test-hg-bidi.sh51
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/test-hg-hg-git.sh73
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/remote-helpers/test-hg.sh701
-rw-r--r--contrib/subtree/Makefile1
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/subtree/git-subtree.sh7
-rw-r--r--contrib/subtree/git-subtree.txt2
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/subtree/t/t7900-subtree.sh10
-rw-r--r--convert.c29
-rw-r--r--convert.h2
-rw-r--r--credential-store.c4
-rw-r--r--daemon.c22
-rw-r--r--date.c34
-rw-r--r--decorate.c2
-rw-r--r--diff-lib.c26
-rw-r--r--diff-no-index.c2
-rw-r--r--diff.c74
-rw-r--r--diffcore-break.c3
-rw-r--r--diffcore-pickaxe.c135
-rw-r--r--diffcore-rename.c1
-rw-r--r--dir.c572
-rw-r--r--dir.h25
-rw-r--r--entry.c34
-rw-r--r--environment.c10
-rw-r--r--exec_cmd.h1
-rw-r--r--fast-import.c22
-rw-r--r--fetch-pack.c221
-rw-r--r--fetch-pack.h15
-rwxr-xr-xfixup-builtins16
-rwxr-xr-xgit-add--interactive.perl7
-rwxr-xr-xgit-am.sh52
-rwxr-xr-xgit-archimport.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-bisect.sh18
-rw-r--r--git-compat-util.h37
-rwxr-xr-xgit-cvsexportcommit.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-cvsimport.perl2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-cvsserver.perl6
-rwxr-xr-xgit-difftool.perl101
-rwxr-xr-xgit-filter-branch.sh5
-rwxr-xr-xgit-gui/GIT-VERSION-GEN2
-rw-r--r--git-gui/Makefile6
-rwxr-xr-xgit-gui/git-gui.sh27
-rw-r--r--git-gui/lib/choose_repository.tcl4
-rw-r--r--git-gui/lib/diff.tcl11
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-rw-r--r--git-gui/lib/remote.tcl6
-rw-r--r--git-gui/po/fr.po2
-rwxr-xr-xgit-merge-one-file.sh63
-rw-r--r--git-mergetool--lib.sh84
-rwxr-xr-xgit-p4.py33
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-rwxr-xr-xgit-remote-testgit.sh (renamed from git-remote-testgit)51
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-rw-r--r--git.c23
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-rw-r--r--gpg-interface.c18
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-rw-r--r--pack-refs.c148
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-rw-r--r--pack-revindex.c108
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-rw-r--r--path.c180
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-rw-r--r--perl/Git.pm225
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/I18N.pm2
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN/Editor.pm2
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN/Fetcher.pm18
-rw-r--r--perl/Git/SVN/Prompt.pm2
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-rw-r--r--pkt-line.c125
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-rw-r--r--po/README6
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-rwxr-xr-xt/t4038-diff-combined.sh288
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4041-diff-submodule-option.sh25
-rwxr-xr-xt/t4111-apply-subdir.sh14
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-rwxr-xr-x[-rw-r--r--]templates/hooks--pre-push.sample1
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--update.sample2
-rw-r--r--test-chmtime.c14
-rw-r--r--test-delta.c2
-rw-r--r--test-dump-cache-tree.c4
-rw-r--r--test-genrandom.c2
-rw-r--r--test-index-version.c2
-rw-r--r--test-mergesort.c2
-rw-r--r--test-parse-options.c4
-rw-r--r--test-path-utils.c32
-rw-r--r--test-prio-queue.c39
-rw-r--r--test-read-cache.c13
-rw-r--r--test-subprocess.c4
-rw-r--r--test-svn-fe.c2
-rw-r--r--thread-utils.c2
-rw-r--r--trace.c1
-rw-r--r--transport-helper.c75
-rw-r--r--transport.c26
-rw-r--r--transport.h7
-rw-r--r--tree-walk.c11
-rw-r--r--tree-walk.h2
-rw-r--r--tree.c2
-rw-r--r--unpack-trees.c190
-rw-r--r--unpack-trees.h15
-rw-r--r--upload-pack.c73
-rw-r--r--usage.c20
-rw-r--r--utf8.c163
-rw-r--r--utf8.h26
-rw-r--r--wildmatch.c7
-rw-r--r--wrap-for-bin.sh2
-rw-r--r--wrapper.c16
-rw-r--r--write_or_die.c19
-rw-r--r--wt-status.c314
-rw-r--r--wt-status.h18
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xdiff.h2
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xdiffi.c31
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xdiffi.h1
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xemit.c49
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xemit.h2
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xhistogram.c2
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xutils.c13
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xutils.h1
-rw-r--r--zlib.c25
745 files changed, 61454 insertions, 21145 deletions
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 6669bf0..6b1fd1b 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
/git-cat-file
/git-check-attr
/git-check-ignore
+/git-check-mailmap
/git-check-ref-format
/git-checkout
/git-checkout-index
@@ -125,6 +126,7 @@
/git-remote-ftps
/git-remote-fd
/git-remote-ext
+/git-remote-testgit
/git-remote-testpy
/git-remote-testsvn
/git-repack
@@ -190,6 +192,8 @@
/test-mktemp
/test-parse-options
/test-path-utils
+/test-prio-queue
+/test-read-cache
/test-regex
/test-revision-walking
/test-run-command
@@ -228,6 +232,7 @@
/cscope*
*.obj
*.lib
+*.res
*.sln
*.suo
*.ncb
diff --git a/.mailmap b/.mailmap
index c7e8618..1c1f5ec 100644
--- a/.mailmap
+++ b/.mailmap
@@ -5,97 +5,242 @@
# same person appearing not to be so.
#
+<nico@fluxnic.net> <nico@cam.org>
+Alejandro R. Sedeño <asedeno@MIT.EDU> <asedeno@mit.edu>
Alex Bennée <kernel-hacker@bennee.com>
+Alex Riesen <raa.lkml@gmail.com> <fork0@t-online.de>
+Alex Riesen <raa.lkml@gmail.com> <raa@limbo.localdomain>
+Alex Riesen <raa.lkml@gmail.com> <raa@steel.home>
+Alex Vandiver <alex@chmrr.net> <alexmv@MIT.EDU>
Alexander Gavrilov <angavrilov@gmail.com>
+Alexey Shumkin <alex.crezoff@gmail.com> <zapped@mail.ru>
+Alexey Shumkin <alex.crezoff@gmail.com> <Alex.Crezoff@gmail.com>
+Anders Kaseorg <andersk@MIT.EDU> <andersk@ksplice.com>
+Anders Kaseorg <andersk@MIT.EDU> <andersk@mit.edu>
Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@gmail.com>
-Brian M. Carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx>
+Amos Waterland <apw@debian.org> <apw@rossby.metr.ou.edu>
+Amos Waterland <apw@debian.org> <apw@us.ibm.com>
+Ben Walton <bdwalton@gmail.com> <bwalton@artsci.utoronto.ca>
+Benoit Sigoure <tsunanet@gmail.com> <tsuna@lrde.epita.fr>
+Bernt Hansen <bernt@norang.ca> <bernt@alumni.uwaterloo.ca>
+Brandon Casey <drafnel@gmail.com> <casey@nrlssc.navy.mil>
+brian m. carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx> Brian M. Carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx>
+brian m. carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx> <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net>
+Bryan Larsen <bryan@larsen.st> <bryan.larsen@gmail.com>
+Bryan Larsen <bryan@larsen.st> <bryanlarsen@yahoo.com>
Cheng Renquan <crquan@gmail.com>
Chris Shoemaker <c.shoemaker@cox.net>
+Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org> <chrisw@osdl.org>
+Cord Seele <cowose@gmail.com> <cowose@googlemail.com>
+Christian Stimming <stimming@tuhh.de> <chs@ckiste.goetheallee>
+Csaba Henk <csaba@gluster.com> <csaba@lowlife.hu>
Dan Johnson <computerdruid@gmail.com>
-Dana L. How <danahow@gmail.com>
-Dana L. How <how@deathvalley.cswitch.com>
+Dana L. How <danahow@gmail.com> <how@deathvalley.cswitch.com>
+Dana L. How <danahow@gmail.com> Dana How
Daniel Barkalow <barkalow@iabervon.org>
+Daniel Trstenjak <daniel.trstenjak@gmail.com> <daniel.trstenjak@online.de>
+Daniel Trstenjak <daniel.trstenjak@gmail.com> <trsten@science-computing.de>
+David Brown <git@davidb.org> <davidb@quicinc.com>
David D. Kilzer <ddkilzer@kilzer.net>
David Kågedal <davidk@lysator.liu.se>
+David Reiss <dreiss@facebook.com> <dreiss@dreiss-vmware.(none)>
David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Deskin Miller <deskinm@umich.edu>
Dirk Süsserott <newsletter@dirk.my1.cc>
+Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com> <ebb9@byu.net>
+Eric Hanchrow <eric.hanchrow@gmail.com> <offby1@blarg.net>
Eric S. Raymond <esr@thyrsus.com>
Erik Faye-Lund <kusmabite@gmail.com> <kusmabite@googlemail.com>
-Fredrik Kuivinen <freku045@student.liu.se>
+Eyvind Bernhardsen <eyvind.bernhardsen@gmail.com> <eyvind-git@orakel.ntnu.no>
+Florian Achleitner <florian.achleitner.2.6.31@gmail.com> <florian.achleitner2.6.31@gmail.com>
+Franck Bui-Huu <vagabon.xyz@gmail.com> <fbuihuu@gmail.com>
+Frank Lichtenheld <frank@lichtenheld.de> <djpig@debian.org>
+Frank Lichtenheld <frank@lichtenheld.de> <flichtenheld@astaro.com>
+Fredrik Kuivinen <frekui@gmail.com> <freku045@student.liu.se>
Frédéric Heitzmann <frederic.heitzmann@gmail.com>
-H. Peter Anvin <hpa@bonde.sc.orionmulti.com>
-H. Peter Anvin <hpa@tazenda.sc.orionmulti.com>
-H. Peter Anvin <hpa@trantor.hos.anvin.org>
+Garry Dolley <gdolley@ucla.edu> <gdolley@arpnetworks.com>
+Greg Price <price@mit.edu> <price@MIT.EDU>
+Greg Price <price@mit.edu> <price@ksplice.com>
+Heiko Voigt <hvoigt@hvoigt.net> <git-list@hvoigt.net>
+H. Merijn Brand <h.m.brand@xs4all.nl> H.Merijn Brand <h.m.brand@xs4all.nl>
+H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> <hpa@bonde.sc.orionmulti.com>
+H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> <hpa@smyrno.hos.anvin.org>
+H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> <hpa@tazenda.sc.orionmulti.com>
+H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> <hpa@trantor.hos.anvin.org>
+Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@xs4all.nl>
Horst H. von Brand <vonbrand@inf.utfsm.cl>
-İsmail Dönmez <ismail@pardus.org.tr>
+J. Bruce Fields <bfields@citi.umich.edu> <bfields@fieldses.org>
+J. Bruce Fields <bfields@citi.umich.edu> <bfields@pig.linuxdev.us.dell.com>
+J. Bruce Fields <bfields@citi.umich.edu> <bfields@puzzle.fieldses.org>
Jakub Narębski <jnareb@gmail.com>
-Jay Soffian <jaysoffian+git@gmail.com>
+James Y Knight <jknight@itasoftware.com> <foom@fuhm.net>
+# The 2 following authors are probably the same person,
+# but both emails bounce.
+Jason McMullan <jason.mcmullan@timesys.com>
+Jason McMullan <mcmullan@netapp.com>
+Jason Riedy <ejr@eecs.berkeley.edu> <ejr@EECS.Berkeley.EDU>
+Jason Riedy <ejr@eecs.berkeley.edu> <ejr@cs.berkeley.edu>
+Jay Soffian <jaysoffian@gmail.com> <jaysoffian+git@gmail.com>
Jeff King <peff@peff.net> <peff@github.com>
+Jeff Muizelaar <jmuizelaar@mozilla.com> <jeff@infidigm.net>
+Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> <axboe@suse.de>
+Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
+Jim Meyering <jim@meyering.net> <meyering@redhat.com>
Joachim Berdal Haga <cjhaga@fys.uio.no>
-Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <johannes.sixt@telecom.at>
-Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <j.sixt@viscovery.net>
+Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de> <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>
Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <J.Sixt@eudaptics.com>
-Jon Loeliger <jdl@freescale.com>
-Jon Seymour <jon@blackcubes.dyndns.org>
-Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@uchicago.edu>
+Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <j.sixt@viscovery.net>
+Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <johannes.sixt@telecom.at>
+John 'Warthog9' Hawley <warthog9@kernel.org> <warthog9@eaglescrag.net>
+Jon Loeliger <jdl@jdl.com> <jdl@freescale.com>
+Jon Loeliger <jdl@jdl.com> <jdl@freescale.org>
+Jon Seymour <jon.seymour@gmail.com> <jon@blackcubes.dyndns.org>
+Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com> <jrnieder@uchicago.edu>
+Jonathan del Strother <jon.delStrother@bestbefore.tv> <maillist@steelskies.com>
+Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> <josh@freedesktop.org>
+Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> <josht@us.ibm.com>
+Julian Phillips <julian@quantumfyre.co.uk> <jp3@quantumfyre.co.uk>
Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <gitster@pobox.com>
-Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@pobox.com>
-Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@twinsun.com>
-Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junkio@twinsun.com>
Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@hera.kernel.org>
Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@kernel.org>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@pobox.com>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@twinsun.com>
Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junkio@cox.net>
-Karl Hasselström <kha@treskal.com>
-Kevin Leung <kevinlsk@gmail.com>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junkio@twinsun.com>
+Karl Wiberg <kha@treskal.com> Karl Hasselström
+Karl Wiberg <kha@treskal.com> <kha@yoghurt.hemma.treskal.com>
+Karsten Blees <blees@dcon.de> <karsten.blees@dcon.de>
+Karsten Blees <blees@dcon.de> <karsten.blees@gmail.com>
+Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> <kay.sievers@suse.de>
+Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> <kay@mam.(none)>
+Keith Cascio <keith@CS.UCLA.EDU> <keith@cs.ucla.edu>
Kent Engstrom <kent@lysator.liu.se>
+Kevin Leung <kevinlsk@gmail.com>
+Kirill Smelkov <kirr@navytux.spb.ru> <kirr@landau.phys.spbu.ru>
+Kirill Smelkov <kirr@navytux.spb.ru> <kirr@mns.spb.ru>
+Knut Franke <Knut.Franke@gmx.de> <k.franke@science-computing.de>
Lars Doelle <lars.doelle@on-line ! de>
Lars Doelle <lars.doelle@on-line.de>
+Lars Noschinski <lars@public.noschinski.de> <lars.noschinski@rwth-aachen.de>
Li Hong <leehong@pku.edu.cn>
-Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>
-Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@osdl.org>
-Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>
Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@evo.osdl.org>
-Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@osdl.org>
Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org.(none)>
-Lukas Sandström <lukass@etek.chalmers.se>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>
+Lukas Sandström <luksan@gmail.com> <lukass@etek.chalmers.se>
+Marc Khouzam <marc.khouzam@ericsson.com> <marc.khouzam@gmail.com>
Marc-André Lureau <marcandre.lureau@gmail.com>
+Marco Costalba <mcostalba@gmail.com> <mcostalba@yahoo.it>
+Mark Levedahl <mdl123@verizon.net> <mlevedahl@gmail.com>
Mark Rada <marada@uwaterloo.ca>
Martin Langhoff <martin@laptop.org> <martin@catalyst.net.nz>
Martin von Zweigbergk <martinvonz@gmail.com> <martin.von.zweigbergk@gmail.com>
+Matt Draisey <matt@draisey.ca> <mattdraisey@sympatico.ca>
+Matt Kraai <kraai@ftbfs.org> <matt.kraai@amo.abbott.com>
+Matt McCutchen <matt@mattmccutchen.net> <hashproduct@gmail.com>
+Matthias Kestenholz <matthias@spinlock.ch> <mk@spinlock.ch>
+Matthias Urlichs <matthias@urlichs.de> <smurf@kiste.(none)>
+Matthias Urlichs <matthias@urlichs.de> <smurf@smurf.noris.de>
Michael Coleman <tutufan@gmail.com>
Michael J Gruber <git@drmicha.warpmail.net> <michaeljgruber+gmane@fastmail.fm>
+Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@kernel.org> <mst@redhat.com>
+Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@kernel.org> <mst@mellanox.co.il>
+Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@kernel.org> <mst@dev.mellanox.co.il>
Michael W. Olson <mwolson@gnu.org>
+Michael Witten <mfwitten@gmail.com> <mfwitten@MIT.EDU>
+Michael Witten <mfwitten@gmail.com> <mfwitten@mit.edu>
+Michal Rokos <michal.rokos@nextsoft.cz> <rokos@nextsoft.cz>
Michele Ballabio <barra_cuda@katamail.com>
-Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@bluebottle.com>
+Miklos Vajna <vmiklos@frugalware.org> <vmiklos@suse.cz>
+Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> <namhyung.kim@lge.com>
+Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> <namhyung@kernel.org>
+Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@lavabit.com> <nanako3@bluebottle.com>
Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@lavabit.com>
+Nelson Elhage <nelhage@mit.edu> <nelhage@MIT.EDU>
+Nelson Elhage <nelhage@mit.edu> <nelhage@ksplice.com>
Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclouds@gmail.com>
-<nico@fluxnic.net> <nico@cam.org>
-Peter Krefting <peter@softwolves.pp.se> <peter@svarten.intern.softwolves.pp.se>
+Nick Stokoe <nick@noodlefactory.co.uk> Nick Woolley <nick@noodlefactory.co.uk>
+Nick Stokoe <nick@noodlefactory.co.uk> Nick Woolley <nickwoolley@yahoo.co.uk>
+Nicolas Morey-Chaisemartin <devel-git@morey-chaisemartin.com> <nicolas.morey@free.fr>
+Nicolas Morey-Chaisemartin <devel-git@morey-chaisemartin.com> <nmorey@kalray.eu>
+Nicolas Sebrecht <nicolas.s.dev@gmx.fr> <ni.s@laposte.net>
+Paolo Bonzini <bonzini@gnu.org> <paolo.bonzini@lu.unisi.ch>
+Pascal Obry <pascal@obry.net> <pascal.obry@gmail.com>
+Pascal Obry <pascal@obry.net> <pascal.obry@wanadoo.fr>
+Pat Notz <patnotz@gmail.com> <pknotz@sandia.gov>
+Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> <paulus@dorrigo.(none)>
+Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> <paulus@pogo.(none)>
+Peter Baumann <waste.manager@gmx.de> <Peter.B.Baumann@stud.informatik.uni-erlangen.de>
+Peter Baumann <waste.manager@gmx.de> <siprbaum@stud.informatik.uni-erlangen.de>
Peter Krefting <peter@softwolves.pp.se> <peter@softwolves.pp.se>
+Peter Krefting <peter@softwolves.pp.se> <peter@svarten.intern.softwolves.pp.se>
+Petr Baudis <pasky@ucw.cz> <pasky@suse.cz>
+Petr Baudis <pasky@ucw.cz> <xpasky@machine>
+Phil Hord <hordp@cisco.com> <phil.hord@gmail.com>
+Philip Jägenstedt <philip@foolip.org> <philip.jagenstedt@gmail.com>
+Philipp A. Hartmann <pah@qo.cx> <ph@sorgh.de>
Philippe Bruhat <book@cpan.org>
Ralf Thielow <ralf.thielow@gmail.com> <ralf.thielow@googlemail.com>
Ramsay Allan Jones <ramsay@ramsay1.demon.co.uk>
-René Scharfe <rene.scharfe@lsrfire.ath.cx>
+René Scharfe <l.s.r@web.de> <rene.scharfe@lsrfire.ath.cx>
Robert Fitzsimons <robfitz@273k.net>
+Robert Shearman <robertshearman@gmail.com> <rob@codeweavers.com>
Robert Zeh <robert.a.zeh@gmail.com>
-Sam Vilain <sam@vilain.net>
-Santi Béjar <sbejar@gmail.com>
+Robin Rosenberg <robin.rosenberg@dewire.com> <robin.rosenberg.lists@dewire.com>
+Rutger Nijlunsing <rutger.nijlunsing@gmail.com> <rutger@nospam.com>
+Rutger Nijlunsing <rutger.nijlunsing@gmail.com> <git@tux.tmfweb.nl>
+Ryan Anderson <ryan@michonline.com> <rda@google.com>
+Salikh Zakirov <salikh.zakirov@gmail.com> <Salikh.Zakirov@Intel.com>
+Sam Vilain <sam@vilain.net> <sam.vilain@catalyst.net.nz>
+Sam Vilain <sam@vilain.net> sam@vilain.net
+Santi Béjar <santi@agolina.net> <sbejar@gmail.com>
Sean Estabrooks <seanlkml@sympatico.ca>
+Sebastian Schuberth <sschuberth@gmail.com> <sschuberth@visageimaging.com>
+Seth Falcon <seth@userprimary.net> <sfalcon@fhcrc.org>
Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
-Steven Grimm <koreth@midwinter.com>
+Simon Hausmann <hausmann@kde.org> <simon@lst.de>
+Simon Hausmann <hausmann@kde.org> <shausman@trolltech.com>
+Stefan Naewe <stefan.naewe@gmail.com> <stefan.naewe@atlas-elektronik.com>
+Stefan Naewe <stefan.naewe@gmail.com> <stefan.naewe@googlemail.com>
+Stefan Sperling <stsp@elego.de> <stsp@stsp.name>
+Štěpán Němec <stepnem@gmail.com> <stepan.nemec@gmail.com>
+Stephen Boyd <bebarino@gmail.com> <sboyd@codeaurora.org>
+Steven Drake <sdrake@xnet.co.nz> <sdrake@ihug.co.nz>
+Steven Grimm <koreth@midwinter.com> <sgrimm@sgrimm-mbp.local>
+Steven Grimm <koreth@midwinter.com> koreth@midwinter.com
+Steven Walter <stevenrwalter@gmail.com> <swalter@lexmark.com>
+Steven Walter <stevenrwalter@gmail.com> <swalter@lpdev.prtdev.lexmark.com>
+Sven Verdoolaege <skimo@kotnet.org> <Sven.Verdoolaege@cs.kuleuven.ac.be>
+Sven Verdoolaege <skimo@kotnet.org> <skimo@liacs.nl>
Tay Ray Chuan <rctay89@gmail.com>
+Ted Percival <ted@midg3t.net> <ted.percival@quest.com>
Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
+Thomas Ackermann <th.acker@arcor.de> <th.acker66@arcor.de>
Thomas Rast <trast@inf.ethz.ch> <trast@student.ethz.ch>
+Timo Hirvonen <tihirvon@gmail.com> <tihirvon@ee.oulu.fi>
+Toby Allsopp <Toby.Allsopp@navman.co.nz> <toby.allsopp@navman.co.nz>
+Tom Grennan <tmgrennan@gmail.com> <tgrennan@redback.com>
+Tommi Virtanen <tv@debian.org> <tv@eagain.net>
+Tommi Virtanen <tv@debian.org> <tv@inoi.fi>
+Tommy Thorn <tommy-git@thorn.ws> <tt1729@yahoo.com>
Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
-Uwe Kleine-König <Uwe_Zeisberger@digi.com>
-Uwe Kleine-König <Uwe.Kleine-Koenig@digi.com>
-Uwe Kleine-König <ukleinek@informatik.uni-freiburg.de>
-Uwe Kleine-König <uzeisberger@io.fsforth.de>
-Uwe Kleine-König <zeisberg@informatik.uni-freiburg.de>
-Ville Skyttä <scop@xemacs.org>
+Tor Arne Vestbø <torarnv@gmail.com> <tavestbo@trolltech.com>
+Trent Piepho <tpiepho@gmail.com> <tpiepho@freescale.com>
+Trent Piepho <tpiepho@gmail.com> <xyzzy@speakeasy.org>
+Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <Uwe.Kleine-Koenig@digi.com>
+Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <ukleinek@informatik.uni-freiburg.de>
+Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <uzeisberger@io.fsforth.de>
+Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <zeisberg@informatik.uni-freiburg.de>
+Ville Skyttä <ville.skytta@iki.fi> <scop@xemacs.org>
Vitaly "_Vi" Shukela <public_vi@tut.by>
+W. Trevor King <wking@tremily.us> <wking@drexel.edu>
William Pursell <bill.pursell@gmail.com>
+YONETANI Tomokazu <y0n3t4n1@gmail.com> <qhwt+git@les.ath.cx>
+YONETANI Tomokazu <y0n3t4n1@gmail.com> <y0netan1@dragonflybsd.org>
YOSHIFUJI Hideaki <yoshfuji@linux-ipv6.org>
+# the two anonymous contributors are different persons:
anonymous <linux@horizon.com>
anonymous <linux@horizon.net>
+İsmail Dönmez <ismail@pardus.org.tr>
diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index b1bfff6..e5ca3b7 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -237,6 +237,19 @@ For Python scripts:
Writing Documentation:
+ Most (if not all) of the documentation pages are written in the
+ AsciiDoc format in *.txt files (e.g. Documentation/git.txt), and
+ processed into HTML and manpages (e.g. git.html and git.1 in the
+ same directory).
+
+ The documentation liberally mixes US and UK English (en_US/UK)
+ norms for spelling and grammar, which is somewhat unfortunate.
+ In an ideal world, it would have been better if it consistently
+ used only one and not the other, and we would have picked en_US
+ (if you wish to correct the English of some of the existing
+ documentation, please see the documentation-related advice in the
+ Documentation/SubmittingPatches file).
+
Every user-visible change should be reflected in the documentation.
The same general rule as for code applies -- imitate the existing
conventions. A few commented examples follow to provide reference
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index 62dbd9a..0cfdc36 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -31,11 +31,11 @@ MAN7_TXT += gittutorial.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitworkflows.txt
MAN_TXT = $(MAN1_TXT) $(MAN5_TXT) $(MAN7_TXT)
-MAN_XML=$(patsubst %.txt,%.xml,$(MAN_TXT))
-MAN_HTML=$(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(MAN_TXT))
+MAN_XML = $(patsubst %.txt,%.xml,$(MAN_TXT))
+MAN_HTML = $(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(MAN_TXT))
OBSOLETE_HTML = git-remote-helpers.html
-DOC_HTML=$(MAN_HTML) $(OBSOLETE_HTML)
+DOC_HTML = $(MAN_HTML) $(OBSOLETE_HTML)
ARTICLES = howto-index
ARTICLES += everyday
@@ -74,35 +74,35 @@ SP_ARTICLES += technical/api-index
DOC_HTML += $(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES))
-DOC_MAN1=$(patsubst %.txt,%.1,$(MAN1_TXT))
-DOC_MAN5=$(patsubst %.txt,%.5,$(MAN5_TXT))
-DOC_MAN7=$(patsubst %.txt,%.7,$(MAN7_TXT))
-
-prefix?=$(HOME)
-bindir?=$(prefix)/bin
-htmldir?=$(prefix)/share/doc/git-doc
-pdfdir?=$(prefix)/share/doc/git-doc
-mandir?=$(prefix)/share/man
-man1dir=$(mandir)/man1
-man5dir=$(mandir)/man5
-man7dir=$(mandir)/man7
-# DESTDIR=
+DOC_MAN1 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.1,$(MAN1_TXT))
+DOC_MAN5 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.5,$(MAN5_TXT))
+DOC_MAN7 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.7,$(MAN7_TXT))
+
+prefix ?= $(HOME)
+bindir ?= $(prefix)/bin
+htmldir ?= $(prefix)/share/doc/git-doc
+infodir ?= $(prefix)/share/info
+pdfdir ?= $(prefix)/share/doc/git-doc
+mandir ?= $(prefix)/share/man
+man1dir = $(mandir)/man1
+man5dir = $(mandir)/man5
+man7dir = $(mandir)/man7
+# DESTDIR =
ASCIIDOC = asciidoc
ASCIIDOC_EXTRA =
MANPAGE_XSL = manpage-normal.xsl
XMLTO = xmlto
XMLTO_EXTRA =
-INSTALL?=install
+INSTALL ?= install
RM ?= rm -f
MAN_REPO = ../../git-manpages
HTML_REPO = ../../git-htmldocs
-infodir?=$(prefix)/share/info
-MAKEINFO=makeinfo
-INSTALL_INFO=install-info
-DOCBOOK2X_TEXI=docbook2x-texi
-DBLATEX=dblatex
+MAKEINFO = makeinfo
+INSTALL_INFO = install-info
+DOCBOOK2X_TEXI = docbook2x-texi
+DBLATEX = dblatex
ifndef PERL_PATH
PERL_PATH = /usr/bin/perl
endif
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt
index 806a965..be68524 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ Fixes since v1.7.10
not exclude them and tried to apply funny patches only to fail.
* "git blame" started missing quite a few changes from the origin
- since we stopped using the diff minimalization by default in v1.7.2
+ since we stopped using the diff minimization by default in v1.7.2
era.
* When PATH contains an unreadable directory, alias expansion code
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt
index cf3f455..7796df3 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt
@@ -5,7 +5,7 @@ Fixes since v1.7.5.3
--------------------
* The single-key mode of "git add -p" was easily fooled into thinking
- that it was told to add everthing ('a') when up-arrow was pressed by
+ that it was told to add everything ('a') when up-arrow was pressed by
mistake.
* Setting a git command that uses custom configuration via "-c var=val"
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt
index e74f4ef..b9c66aa 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt
@@ -12,11 +12,11 @@ Fixes since v1.7.8.1
* The configuration file parser used for sizes (e.g. bigFileThreshold)
did not correctly interpret 'g' suffix.
- * The replacement implemention for snprintf used on platforms with
+ * The replacement implementation for snprintf used on platforms with
native snprintf that is broken did not use va_copy correctly.
* LF-to-CRLF streaming filter replaced all LF with CRLF, which might
- be techinically correct but not friendly to people who are trying
+ be technically correct but not friendly to people who are trying
to recover from earlier mistakes of using CRLF in the repository
data in the first place. It now refrains from doing so for LF that
follows a CR.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt
index b4d90bb..2493113 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ Updates since v1.7.7
* Updates to bash completion scripts.
* The build procedure has been taught to take advantage of computed
- dependency automatically when the complier supports it.
+ dependency automatically when the compiler supports it.
* The date parser now accepts timezone designators that lack minutes
part and also has a colon between "hh:mm".
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ Updates since v1.7.7
* Variants of "git cherry-pick" and "git revert" that take multiple
commits learned to "--continue" and "--abort".
- * "git daemon" gives more human readble error messages to clients
+ * "git daemon" gives more human readable error messages to clients
using ERR packets when appropriate.
* Errors at the network layer is logged by "git daemon".
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c15cf2e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+Git 1.8.1.6 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1.5
+--------------------
+
+ * An earlier change to the attribute system introduced at v1.8.1.2 by
+ mistake stopped a pattern "dir" (without trailing slash) from
+ matching a directory "dir" (it only wanted to allow pattern "dir/"
+ to also match).
+
+ * The code to keep track of what directory names are known to Git on
+ platforms with case insensitive filesystems can get confused upon a
+ hash collision between these pathnames and looped forever.
+
+ * When the "--prefix" option is used to "checkout-index", the code
+ did not pick the correct output filter based on the attribute
+ setting.
+
+ * Annotated tags outside refs/tags/ hierarchy were not advertised
+ correctly to the ls-remote and fetch with recent version of Git.
+
+ * The logic used by "git diff -M --stat" to shorten the names of
+ files before and after a rename did not work correctly when the
+ common prefix and suffix between the two filenames overlapped.
+
+ * "git update-index -h" did not do the usual "-h(elp)" thing.
+
+ * perl/Git.pm::cat_blob slurped everything in core only to write it
+ out to a file descriptor, which was not a very smart thing to do.
+
+ * The SSL peer verification done by "git imap-send" did not ask for
+ Server Name Indication (RFC 4366), failing to connect SSL/TLS
+ sites that serve multiple hostnames on a single IP.
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not say "records a complete history" for a
+ bundle that does not have any prerequisites.
+
+Also contains various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..769a6fc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,115 @@
+Git v1.8.2.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.2
+------------------
+
+ * An earlier change to the attribute system introduced at v1.8.1.2 by
+ mistake stopped a pattern "dir" (without trailing slash) from
+ matching a directory "dir" (it only wanted to allow pattern "dir/"
+ to also match).
+
+ * Verification of signed tags were not done correctly when not in C
+ or en/US locale.
+
+ * 'git commit -m "$msg"' used to add an extra newline even when
+ $msg already ended with one.
+
+ * The "--match=<pattern>" option of "git describe", when used with
+ "--all" to allow refs that are not annotated tags to be used as a
+ base of description, did not restrict the output from the command
+ to those that match the given pattern.
+
+ * An aliased command spawned from a bare repository that does not say
+ it is bare with "core.bare = yes" is treated as non-bare by mistake.
+
+ * When "format-patch" quoted a non-ascii strings on the header files,
+ it incorrectly applied rfc2047 and chopped a single character in
+ the middle of it.
+
+ * "git archive" reports a failure when asked to create an archive out
+ of an empty tree. It would be more intuitive to give an empty
+ archive back in such a case.
+
+ * "git tag -f <tag>" always said "Updated tag '<tag>'" even when
+ creating a new tag (i.e. not overwriting nor updating).
+
+ * "git cmd -- ':(top'" was not diagnosed as an invalid syntax, and
+ instead the parser kept reading beyond the end of the string.
+
+ * Annotated tags outside refs/tags/ hierarchy were not advertised
+ correctly to the ls-remote and fetch with recent version of Git.
+
+ * The code to keep track of what directory names are known to Git on
+ platforms with case insensitive filesystems can get confused upon a
+ hash collision between these pathnames and looped forever.
+
+ * The logic used by "git diff -M --stat" to shorten the names of
+ files before and after a rename did not work correctly when the
+ common prefix and suffix between the two filenames overlapped.
+
+ * "git submodule update", when recursed into sub-submodules, did not
+ accumulate the prefix paths.
+
+ * "git am $maildir/" applied messages in an unexpected order; sort
+ filenames read from the maildir/ in a way that is more likely to
+ sort messages in the order the writing MUA meant to, by sorting
+ numeric segment in numeric order and non-numeric segment in
+ alphabetical order.
+
+ * When export-subst is used, "zip" output recorded incorrect
+ size of the file.
+
+ * Some platforms and users spell UTF-8 differently; retry with the
+ most official "UTF-8" when the system does not understand the
+ user-supplied encoding name that are the common alternative
+ spellings of UTF-8.
+
+ * "git branch" did not bother to check nonsense command line
+ parameters and issue errors in many cases.
+
+ * "git update-index -h" did not do the usual "-h(elp)" thing.
+
+ * perl/Git.pm::cat_blob slurped everything in core only to write it
+ out to a file descriptor, which was not a very smart thing to do.
+
+ * The SSL peer verification done by "git imap-send" did not ask for
+ Server Name Indication (RFC 4366), failing to connect SSL/TLS
+ sites that serve multiple hostnames on a single IP.
+
+ * "git index-pack" had a buffer-overflow while preparing an
+ informational message when the translated version of it was too
+ long.
+
+ * Clarify in the documentation "what" gets pushed to "where" when the
+ command line to "git push" does not say these explicitly.
+
+ * In "git reflog expire", REACHABLE bit was not cleared from the
+ correct objects.
+
+ * The "--color=<when>" argument to the commands in the diff family
+ was described poorly.
+
+ * The arguments given to pre-rebase hook were not documented.
+
+ * The v4 index format was not documented.
+
+ * The "--match=<pattern>" argument "git describe" takes uses glob
+ pattern but it wasn't obvious from the documentation.
+
+ * Some sources failed to compile on systems that lack NI_MAXHOST in
+ their system header (e.g. z/OS).
+
+ * Add an example use of "--env-filter" in "filter-branch"
+ documentation.
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not say "records a complete history" for a
+ bundle that does not have any prerequisites.
+
+ * In the v1.8.0 era, we changed symbols that do not have to be global
+ to file scope static, but a few functions in graph.c were used by
+ CGit from sideways bypassing the entry points of the API the
+ in-tree users use.
+
+ * "git merge-tree" had a typo in the logic to detect d/f conflicts,
+ which caused it to segfault in some cases.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..708df1a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,61 @@
+Git v1.8.2.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.2.1
+--------------------
+
+ * Zsh completion forgot that '%' character used to signal untracked
+ files needs to be escaped with another '%'.
+
+ * A commit object whose author or committer ident are malformed
+ crashed some code that trusted that a name, an email and an
+ timestamp can always be found in it.
+
+ * The new core.commentchar configuration was not applied to a few
+ places.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" did not pass "-v/-q" options to underlying
+ "git rebase".
+
+ * When receive-pack detects error in the pack header it received in
+ order to decide which of unpack-objects or index-pack to run, it
+ returned without closing the error stream, which led to a hang
+ sideband thread.
+
+ * "git diff --diff-algorithm=algo" was understood by the command line
+ parser, but "git diff --diff-algorithm algo" was not.
+
+ * "git log -S/-G" started paying attention to textconv filter, but
+ there was no way to disable this. Make it honor --no-textconv
+ option.
+
+ * "git merge $(git rev-parse v1.8.2)" behaved quite differently from
+ "git merge v1.8.2", as if v1.8.2 were written as v1.8.2^0 and did
+ not pay much attention to the annotated tag payload. Make the code
+ notice the type of the tag object, in addition to the dwim_ref()
+ based classification the current code uses (i.e. the name appears
+ in refs/tags/) to decide when to special case merging of tags.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" and "git revert" can take more than one commit
+ on the command line these days, but it was not mentioned on the usage
+ text.
+
+ * Perl scripts like "git-svn" closed (not redirecting to /dev/null)
+ the standard error stream, which is not a very smart thing to do.
+ Later open may return file descriptor #2 for unrelated purpose, and
+ error reporting code may write into them.
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" was not prepared to see a line getting
+ longer after fixing whitespaces (e.g. tab-in-indent aka Python).
+
+ * "git diff/log --cc" did not work well with options that ignore
+ whitespace changes.
+
+ * Documentation on setting up a http server that requires
+ authentication only on the push but not fetch has been clarified.
+
+ * A few bugfixes to "git rerere" working on corner case merge
+ conflicts have been applied.
+
+ * "git bundle" did not like a bundle created using a commit without
+ any message as its one of the prerequisites.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6139482
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
+Git v1.8.2.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.2.2
+--------------------
+
+ * "rev-list --stdin" and friends kept bogus pointers into the input
+ buffer around as human readable object names. This was not a
+ huge problem but was exposed by a new change that uses these
+ names in error output.
+
+ * When "git difftool" drove "kdiff3", it mistakenly passed --auto
+ option that was meant while resolving merge conflicts.
+
+ * "git remote add" command did not diagnose extra command line
+ arguments as an error and silently ignored them.
+
+Also contains a handful of trivial code clean-ups, documentation
+updates, updates to the test suite, etc.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fc3ea18
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+Git v1.8.3.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.3
+------------------
+
+ * When $HOME is misconfigured to point at an unreadable directory, we
+ used to complain and die. The check has been loosened.
+
+ * Handling of negative exclude pattern for directories "!dir" was
+ broken in the update to v1.8.3.
+
+Also contains a handful of trivial code clean-ups, documentation
+updates, updates to the test suite, etc.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..26ae142
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,59 @@
+Git v1.8.3.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.3.1
+--------------------
+
+ * Cloning with "git clone --depth N" while fetch.fsckobjects (or
+ transfer.fsckobjects) is set to true did not tell the cut-off
+ points of the shallow history to the process that validates the
+ objects and the history received, causing the validation to fail.
+
+ * "git checkout foo" DWIMs the intended "upstream" and turns it into
+ "git checkout -t -b foo remotes/origin/foo". This codepath has been
+ updated to correctly take existing remote definitions into account.
+
+ * "git fetch" into a shallow repository from a repository that does
+ not know about the shallow boundary commits (e.g. a different fork
+ from the repository the current shallow repository was cloned from)
+ did not work correctly.
+
+ * "git subtree" (in contrib/) had one codepath with loose error
+ checks to lose data at the remote side.
+
+ * "git log --ancestry-path A...B" did not work as expected, as it did
+ not pay attention to the fact that the merge base between A and B
+ was the bottom of the range being specified.
+
+ * "git diff -c -p" was not showing a deleted line from a hunk when
+ another hunk immediately begins where the earlier one ends.
+
+ * "git merge @{-1}~22" was rewritten to "git merge frotz@{1}~22"
+ incorrectly when your previous branch was "frotz" (it should be
+ rewritten to "git merge frotz~22" instead).
+
+ * "git commit --allow-empty-message -m ''" should not start an
+ editor.
+
+ * "git push --[no-]verify" was not documented.
+
+ * An entry for "file://" scheme in the enumeration of URL types Git
+ can take in the HTML documentation was made into a clickable link
+ by mistake.
+
+ * zsh prompt script that borrowed from bash prompt script did not
+ work due to slight differences in array variable notation between
+ these two shells.
+
+ * The bash prompt code (in contrib/) displayed the name of the branch
+ being rebased when "rebase -i/-m/-p" modes are in use, but not the
+ plain vanilla "rebase".
+
+ * "git push $there HEAD:branch" did not resolve HEAD early enough, so
+ it was easy to flip it around while push is still going on and push
+ out a branch that the user did not originally intended when the
+ command was started.
+
+ * "difftool --dir-diff" did not copy back changes made by the
+ end-user in the diff tool backend to the working tree in some
+ cases.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9ba4f4d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+Git v1.8.3.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.3.2
+--------------------
+
+ * "git apply" parsed patches that add new files, generated by programs
+ other than Git, incorrectly. This is an old breakage in v1.7.11.
+
+ * Older cURL wanted piece of memory we call it with to be stable, but
+ we updated the auth material after handing it to a call.
+
+ * "git pull" into nothing trashed "local changes" that were in the
+ index.
+
+ * Many "git submodule" operations did not work on a submodule at a
+ path whose name is not in ASCII.
+
+ * "cherry-pick" had a small leak in its error codepath.
+
+ * Logic used by git-send-email to suppress cc mishandled names like
+ "A U. Thor" <author@example.xz>, where the human readable part
+ needs to be quoted (the user input may not have the double quotes
+ around the name, and comparison was done between quoted and
+ unquoted strings). It also mishandled names that need RFC2047
+ quoting.
+
+ * "gitweb" forgot to clear a global variable $search_regexp upon each
+ request, mistakenly carrying over the previous search to a new one
+ when used as a persistent CGI.
+
+ * The wildmatch engine did not honor WM_CASEFOLD option correctly.
+
+ * "git log -c --follow $path" segfaulted upon hitting the commit that
+ renamed the $path being followed.
+
+ * When a reflog notation is used for implicit "current branch",
+ e.g. "git log @{u}", we did not say which branch and worse said
+ "branch ''" in the error messages.
+
+ * Mac OS X does not like to write(2) more than INT_MAX number of
+ bytes; work it around by chopping write(2) into smaller pieces.
+
+ * Newer MacOS X encourages the programs to compile and link with
+ their CommonCrypto, not with OpenSSL.
+
+Also contains various minor documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..56f106e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+Git v1.8.3.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+This update is mostly to propagate documentation fixes and test
+updates from the master front back to the maintenance track.
+
+Fixes since v1.8.3.3
+--------------------
+
+ * The bisect log listed incorrect commits when bisection ends with
+ only skipped ones.
+
+ * The test coverage framework was left broken for some time.
+
+ * The test suite for HTTP transport did not run with Apache 2.4.
+
+ * "git diff" used to fail when core.safecrlf is set and the working
+ tree contents had mixed CRLF/LF line endings. Committing such a
+ content must be prohibited, but "git diff" should help the user to
+ locate and fix such problems without failing.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ead568e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,436 @@
+Git v1.8.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes (for Git 2.0)
+------------------------------------------
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). In Git 2.0, the default will change to the "simple"
+semantics that pushes only the current branch to the branch with the same
+name, and only when the current branch is set to integrate with that
+remote branch. Use the user preference configuration variable
+"push.default" to change this. If you are an old-timer who is used
+to the "matching" semantics, you can set the variable to "matching"
+to keep the traditional behaviour. If you want to live in the future
+early, you can set it to "simple" today without waiting for Git 2.0.
+
+When "git add -u" (and "git add -A") is run inside a subdirectory and
+does not specify which paths to add on the command line, it
+will operate on the entire tree in Git 2.0 for consistency
+with "git commit -a" and other commands. There will be no
+mechanism to make plain "git add -u" behave like "git add -u .".
+Current users of "git add -u" (without a pathspec) should start
+training their fingers to explicitly say "git add -u ."
+before Git 2.0 comes. A warning is issued when these commands are
+run without a pathspec and when you have local changes outside the
+current directory, because the behaviour in Git 2.0 will be different
+from today's version in such a situation.
+
+In Git 2.0, "git add <path>" will behave as "git add -A <path>", so
+that "git add dir/" will notice paths you removed from the directory
+and record the removal. Versions before Git 2.0, including this
+release, will keep ignoring removals, but the users who rely on this
+behaviour are encouraged to start using "git add --ignore-removal <path>"
+now before 2.0 is released.
+
+
+Updates since v1.8.2
+--------------------
+
+Foreign interface
+
+ * remote-hg and remote-bzr helpers (in contrib/ since v1.8.2) have
+ been updated; especially, the latter has been done in an
+ accelerated schedule (read: we may not have merged to this release
+ if we were following the usual "cook sufficiently in next before
+ unleashing it to the world" workflow) in order to help Emacs folks,
+ whose primary SCM seems to be stagnating.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * A handful of updates applied to gitk, including an addition of
+ "revert" action, showing dates in tags in a nicer way, making
+ colors configurable, and support for -G'pickaxe' search.
+
+ * The prompt string generator (in contrib/completion/) learned to
+ show how many changes there are in total and how many have been
+ replayed during a "git rebase" session.
+
+ * "git branch --vv" learned to paint the name of the branch it
+ integrates with in a different color (color.branch.upstream,
+ which defaults to blue).
+
+ * In a sparsely populated working tree, "git checkout <pathspec>" no
+ longer unmarks paths that match the given pathspec that were
+ originally ignored with "--sparse" (use --ignore-skip-worktree-bits
+ option to resurrect these paths out of the index if you really want
+ to).
+
+ * "git log --format" specifier learned %C(auto) token that tells Git
+ to use color when interpolating %d (decoration), %h (short commit
+ object name), etc. for terminal output.
+
+ * "git bisect" leaves the final outcome as a comment in its bisect
+ log file.
+
+ * "git clone --reference" can now refer to a gitfile "textual symlink"
+ that points at the real location of the repository.
+
+ * "git count-objects" learned "--human-readable" aka "-H" option to
+ show various large numbers in Ki/Mi/GiB scaled as necessary.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick $blob" and "git cherry-pick $tree" are nonsense,
+ and a more readable error message e.g. "can't cherry-pick a tree"
+ is given (we used to say "expected exactly one commit").
+
+ * The "--annotate" option to "git send-email" can be turned on (or
+ off) by default with sendemail.annotate configuration variable (you
+ can use --no-annotate from the command line to override it).
+
+ * The "--cover-letter" option to "git format-patch" can be turned on
+ (or off) by default with format.coverLetter configuration
+ variable. By setting it to 'auto', you can turn it on only for a
+ series with two or more patches.
+
+ * The bash completion support (in contrib/) learned that cherry-pick
+ takes a few more options than it already knew about.
+
+ * "git help" learned "-g" option to show the list of guides just like
+ list of commands are given with "-a".
+
+ * A triangular "pull from one place, push to another place" workflow
+ is supported better by new remote.pushdefault (overrides the
+ "origin" thing) and branch.*.pushremote (overrides the
+ branch.*.remote) configuration variables.
+
+ * "git status" learned to report that you are in the middle of a
+ revert session, just like it does for a cherry-pick and a bisect
+ session.
+
+ * The handling by "git branch --set-upstream-to" against various forms
+ of erroneous inputs was suboptimal and has been improved.
+
+ * When the interactive access to git-shell is not enabled, it issues
+ a message meant to help the system administrator to enable it. An
+ explicit way has been added to issue custom messages to refuse an
+ access over the network to help the end users who connect to the
+ service expecting an interactive shell.
+
+ * In addition to the case where the user edits the log message with
+ the "e)dit" option of "am -i", replace the "Applying: this patch"
+ message with the final log message contents after applymsg hook
+ munges it.
+
+ * "git status" suggests users to look into using --untracked=no option
+ when it takes too long.
+
+ * "git status" shows a bit more information during a rebase/bisect
+ session.
+
+ * "git fetch" learned to fetch a commit at the tip of an unadvertised
+ ref by specifying a raw object name from the command line when the
+ server side supports this feature.
+
+ * Output from "git log --graph" works better with submodule log
+ output now.
+
+ * "git count-objects -v" learned to report leftover temporary
+ packfiles and other garbage in the object store.
+
+ * A new read-only credential helper (in contrib/) to interact with
+ the .netrc/.authinfo files has been added.
+
+ * "git send-email" can be used with the credential helper system.
+
+ * There was no Porcelain way to say "I no longer am interested in
+ this submodule", once you express your interest in a submodule with
+ "submodule init". "submodule deinit" is the way to do so.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" learned to pass "-v/-q" options to underlying
+ "git rebase".
+
+ * The new "--follow-tags" option tells "git push" to push relevant
+ annotated tags when pushing branches out.
+
+ * "git merge" and "git pull" can optionally be told to inspect and
+ reject when merging a commit that does not carry a trusted GPG
+ signature.
+
+ * "git mergetool" now feeds files to the "p4merge" backend in the
+ order that matches the p4 convention, where "theirs" is usually
+ shown on the left side, which is the opposite from what other backends
+ expect.
+
+ * "show/log" now honors gpg.program configuration just like other
+ parts of the code that use GnuPG.
+
+ * "git log" that shows the difference between the parent and the
+ child has been optimized somewhat.
+
+ * "git difftool" allows the user to write into the temporary files
+ being shown; if the user makes changes to the working tree at the
+ same time, it now refrains from overwriting the copy in the working
+ tree and leaves the temporary file so that changes can be merged
+ manually.
+
+ * There was no good way to ask "I have a random string that came from
+ outside world. I want to turn it into a 40-hex object name while
+ making sure such an object exists". A new peeling suffix ^{object}
+ can be used for that purpose, together with "rev-parse --verify".
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * Updates for building under msvc.
+
+ * A handful of issues in the code that traverses the working tree to find
+ untracked and/or ignored files have been fixed, and the general
+ codepath involved in "status -u" and "clean" have been cleaned up
+ and optimized.
+
+ * The stack footprint of some codepaths that access an object from a
+ pack has been shrunk.
+
+ * The logic to coalesce the same lines removed from the parents in
+ the output from "diff -c/--cc" has been updated, but with O(n^2)
+ complexity, so this might turn out to be undesirable.
+
+ * The code to enforce permission bits on files in $GIT_DIR/ for
+ shared repositories has been simplified.
+
+ * A few codepaths know how much data they need to put in the
+ hashtables they use when they start, but still began with small tables
+ and repeatedly grew and rehashed them.
+
+ * The API to walk reflog entries from the latest to older, which was
+ necessary for operations such as "git checkout -", was cumbersome
+ to use correctly and also inefficient.
+
+ * Codepaths that inspect log-message-to-be and decide when to add a
+ new Signed-off-by line in various commands have been consolidated.
+
+ * The pkt-line API, implementation and its callers have been cleaned
+ up to make them more robust.
+
+ * The Cygwin port has a faster-but-lying lstat(2) emulation whose
+ incorrectness does not matter in practice except for a few
+ codepaths, and setting permission bits on directories is a codepath
+ that needs to use a more correct one.
+
+ * "git checkout" had repeated pathspec matches on the same paths,
+ which have been consolidated. Also a bug in "git checkout dir/"
+ that is started from an unmerged index has been fixed.
+
+ * A few bugfixes to "git rerere" working on corner case merge
+ conflicts have been applied.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.8.2
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.8.2 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * Recent versions of File::Temp (used by "git svn") started blowing
+ up when its tempfile sub is called as a class method; updated the
+ callsite to call it as a plain vanilla function to fix it.
+ (merge eafc2dd hb/git-pm-tempfile later to maint).
+
+ * Various subcommands of "git remote" simply ignored extraneous
+ command line arguments instead of diagnosing them as errors.
+
+ * When receive-pack detects an error in the pack header it received in
+ order to decide which of unpack-objects or index-pack to run, it
+ returned without closing the error stream, which led to a hung
+ sideband thread.
+
+ * Zsh completion forgot that the '%' character used to signal untracked
+ files needs to be escaped with another '%'.
+
+ * A commit object whose author or committer ident are malformed
+ crashed some code that trusted that a name, an email and a
+ timestamp can always be found in it.
+
+ * When "upload-pack" fails while generating a pack in response to
+ "git fetch" (or "git clone"), the receiving side had
+ a programming error that triggered the die handler
+ recursively.
+
+ * "rev-list --stdin" and friends kept bogus pointers into the input
+ buffer around as human readable object names. This was not a huge
+ problem but was exposed by a new change that uses these names in
+ error output.
+
+ * Smart-capable HTTP servers were not restricted via the
+ GIT_NAMESPACE mechanism when talking with commit-walking clients,
+ like they are when talking with smart HTTP clients.
+ (merge 6130f86 jk/http-dumb-namespaces later to maint).
+
+ * "git merge-tree" did not omit a merge result that is identical to
+ the "our" side in certain cases.
+ (merge aacecc3 jk/merge-tree-added-identically later to maint).
+
+ * Perl scripts like "git-svn" closed (instead of redirecting to /dev/null)
+ the standard error stream, which is not a very smart thing to do.
+ A later open may return file descriptor #2 for an unrelated purpose, and
+ error reporting code may write into it.
+
+ * "git show-branch" was not prepared to show a very long run of
+ ancestor operators e.g. foobar^2~2^2^2^2...^2~4 correctly.
+
+ * "git diff --diff-algorithm algo" is also understood as "git diff
+ --diff-algorithm=algo".
+
+ * The new core.commentchar configuration was not applied in a few
+ places.
+
+ * "git bundle" erroneously bailed out when parsing a valid bundle
+ containing a prerequisite commit without a commit message.
+
+ * "git log -S/-G" started paying attention to textconv filter, but
+ there was no way to disable this. Make it honor the --no-textconv
+ option.
+
+ * When used with the "-d temporary-directory" option, "git filter-branch"
+ failed to come back to the original working tree to perform the
+ final clean-up procedure.
+
+ * "git merge $(git rev-parse v1.8.2)" behaved quite differently from
+ "git merge v1.8.2", as if v1.8.2 were written as v1.8.2^0 and did
+ not pay much attention to the annotated tag payload. Make the code
+ notice the type of the tag object, in addition to the dwim_ref()
+ based classification the current code uses (i.e. the name appears
+ in refs/tags/) to decide when to special-case tag merging.
+
+ * Fix a 1.8.1.x regression that stopped matching "dir" (without a
+ trailing slash) to a directory "dir".
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" was not prepared to see a line getting
+ longer after fixing whitespaces (e.g. tab-in-indent aka Python).
+
+ * The prompt string generator (in contrib/completion/) did not notice
+ when we are in a middle of a "git revert" session.
+
+ * "submodule summary --summary-limit" option did not support the
+ "--option=value" form.
+
+ * "index-pack --fix-thin" used an uninitialized value to compute
+ the delta depths of objects it appends to the resulting pack.
+
+ * "index-pack --verify-stat" used a few counters outside the protection
+ of a mutex, possibly showing incorrect numbers.
+
+ * The code to keep track of what directory names are known to Git on
+ platforms with case insensitive filesystems could get confused upon a
+ hash collision between these pathnames and would loop forever.
+
+ * Annotated tags outside the refs/tags/ hierarchy were not advertised
+ correctly to ls-remote and fetch with recent versions of Git.
+
+ * Recent optimizations broke shallow clones.
+
+ * "git cmd -- ':(top'" was not diagnosed as an invalid syntax, and
+ instead the parser kept reading beyond the end of the string.
+
+ * "git tag -f <tag>" always said "Updated tag '<tag>'" even when
+ creating a new tag (i.e. neither overwriting nor updating).
+
+ * "git p4" did not behave well when the path to the root of the P4
+ client was not its real path.
+ (merge bbd8486 pw/p4-symlinked-root later to maint).
+
+ * "git archive" reported a failure when asked to create an archive out
+ of an empty tree. It is more intuitive to give an empty
+ archive back in such a case.
+
+ * When "format-patch" quoted a non-ascii string in header files,
+ it incorrectly applied rfc2047 and chopped a single character in
+ the middle of the string.
+
+ * An aliased command spawned from a bare repository that does not say
+ it is bare with "core.bare = yes" was treated as non-bare by mistake.
+
+ * In "git reflog expire", the REACHABLE bit was not cleared from the
+ correct objects.
+
+ * The logic used by "git diff -M --stat" to shorten the names of
+ files before and after a rename did not work correctly when the
+ common prefix and suffix between the two filenames overlapped.
+
+ * The "--match=<pattern>" option of "git describe", when used with
+ "--all" to allow refs that are not annotated tags to be a
+ base of description, did not restrict the output from the command
+ to those refs that match the given pattern.
+
+ * Clarify in the documentation "what" gets pushed to "where" when the
+ command line to "git push" does not say these explicitly.
+
+ * The "--color=<when>" argument to the commands in the diff family
+ was described poorly.
+
+ * The arguments given to the pre-rebase hook were not documented.
+
+ * The v4 index format was not documented.
+
+ * The "--match=<pattern>" argument "git describe" takes uses glob
+ pattern but it wasn't obvious from the documentation.
+
+ * Some sources failed to compile on systems that lack NI_MAXHOST in
+ their system header (e.g. z/OS).
+
+ * Add an example use of "--env-filter" in "filter-branch"
+ documentation.
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not say "records a complete history" for a
+ bundle that does not have any prerequisites.
+
+ * In the v1.8.0 era, we changed symbols that do not have to be global
+ to file scope static, but a few functions in graph.c were used by
+ CGit sideways, bypassing the entry points of the API the
+ in-tree users use.
+
+ * "git update-index -h" did not do the usual "-h(elp)" thing.
+
+ * "git index-pack" had a buffer-overflow while preparing an
+ informational message when the translated version of it was too
+ long.
+
+ * 'git commit -m "$msg"' used to add an extra newline even when
+ $msg already ended with one.
+
+ * The SSL peer verification done by "git imap-send" did not ask for
+ Server Name Indication (RFC 4366), failing to connect to SSL/TLS
+ sites that serve multiple hostnames on a single IP.
+
+ * perl/Git.pm::cat_blob slurped everything in core only to write it
+ out to a file descriptor, which was not a very smart thing to do.
+
+ * "git branch" did not bother to check nonsense command line
+ parameters. It now issues errors in many cases.
+
+ * Verification of signed tags was not done correctly when not in C
+ or en/US locale.
+
+ * Some platforms and users spell UTF-8 differently; retry with the
+ most official "UTF-8" when the system does not understand the
+ user-supplied encoding name that is a common alternative
+ spelling of UTF-8.
+
+ * When export-subst is used, "zip" output recorded an incorrect
+ size of the file.
+
+ * "git am $maildir/" applied messages in an unexpected order; sort
+ filenames read from the maildir/ in a way that is more likely to
+ sort the messages in the order the writing MUA meant to, by sorting
+ numeric segments in numeric order and non-numeric segments in
+ alphabetical order.
+
+ * "git submodule update", when recursed into sub-submodules, did not
+ accumulate the prefix paths.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..02f681b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,486 @@
+Git v1.8.4 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes (for Git 2.0)
+------------------------------------------
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). In Git 2.0, the default will change to the "simple"
+semantics that pushes:
+
+ - only the current branch to the branch with the same name, and only
+ when the current branch is set to integrate with that remote
+ branch, if you are pushing to the same remote as you fetch from; or
+
+ - only the current branch to the branch with the same name, if you
+ are pushing to a remote that is not where you usually fetch from.
+
+Use the user preference configuration variable "push.default" to
+change this. If you are an old-timer who is used to the "matching"
+semantics, you can set the variable to "matching" to keep the
+traditional behaviour. If you want to live in the future early, you
+can set it to "simple" today without waiting for Git 2.0.
+
+When "git add -u" (and "git add -A") is run inside a subdirectory and
+does not specify which paths to add on the command line, it
+will operate on the entire tree in Git 2.0 for consistency
+with "git commit -a" and other commands. There will be no
+mechanism to make plain "git add -u" behave like "git add -u .".
+Current users of "git add -u" (without a pathspec) should start
+training their fingers to explicitly say "git add -u ."
+before Git 2.0 comes. A warning is issued when these commands are
+run without a pathspec and when you have local changes outside the
+current directory, because the behaviour in Git 2.0 will be different
+from today's version in such a situation.
+
+In Git 2.0, "git add <path>" will behave as "git add -A <path>", so
+that "git add dir/" will notice paths you removed from the directory
+and record the removal. Versions before Git 2.0, including this
+release, will keep ignoring removals, but the users who rely on this
+behaviour are encouraged to start using "git add --ignore-removal <path>"
+now before 2.0 is released.
+
+
+Updates since v1.8.3
+--------------------
+
+Foreign interfaces, subsystems and ports.
+
+ * Cygwin port has been updated for more recent Cygwin 1.7.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" now honors --strategy and -X options.
+
+ * Git-gui has been updated to its 0.18.0 version.
+
+ * MediaWiki remote helper (in contrib/) has been updated to use the
+ credential helper interface from Git.pm.
+
+ * Update build for Cygwin 1.[57]. Torsten Bögershausen reports that
+ this is fine with Cygwin 1.7 ($gmane/225824) so let's try moving it
+ ahead.
+
+ * The credential helper to talk to keychain on OS X (in contrib/) has
+ been updated to kick in not just when talking http/https but also
+ imap(s) and smtp.
+
+ * Remote transport helper has been updated to report errors and
+ maintain ref hierarchy used to keep track of its own state better.
+
+ * With "export" remote-helper protocol, (1) a push that tries to
+ update a remote ref whose name is different from the pushing side
+ does not work yet, and (2) the helper may not know how to do
+ --dry-run; these problematic cases are disabled for now.
+
+ * git-remote-hg/bzr (in contrib/) updates.
+
+ * git-remote-mw (in contrib/) hints users to check the certificate,
+ when https:// connection failed.
+
+ * git-remote-mw (in contrib/) adds a command to allow previewing the
+ contents locally before pushing it out, when working with a
+ MediaWiki remote.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Sample "post-receive-email" hook script got an enhanced replacement
+ "multimail" (in contrib/).
+
+ * Also in contrib/ is a new "contacts" script that runs "git blame"
+ to find out the people who may be interested in a set of changes.
+
+ * "git clean" command learned an interactive mode.
+
+ * The "--head" option to "git show-ref" was only to add "HEAD" to the
+ list of candidate refs to be filtered by the usual rules
+ (e.g. "--heads" that only show refs under refs/heads). The meaning
+ of the option has been changed to always show "HEAD" regardless of
+ what filtering will be applied to any other ref.
+
+ This is a backward incompatible change and might cause breakages to
+ people's existing scripts.
+
+ * "git show -s" was less discoverable than it should have been. It
+ now has a natural synonym "git show --no-patch".
+
+ * "git check-mailmap" is a new command that lets you map usernames
+ and e-mail addresses through the mailmap mechanism, just like many
+ built-in commands do.
+
+ * "git name-rev" learned to name an annotated tag object back to its
+ tagname; "git name-rev $(git rev-parse v1.0.0)" gives "tags/v1.0.0",
+ for example.
+
+ * "git cat-file --batch-check=<format>" is added, primarily to allow
+ on-disk footprint of objects in packfiles (often they are a lot
+ smaller than their true size, when expressed as deltas) to be
+ reported.
+
+ * "git rebase [-i]" used to leave just "rebase" as its reflog messages
+ for some operations. They have been reworded to be more informative.
+
+ * In addition to the choice from "rebase, merge, or checkout-detach",
+ "submodule update" can allow a custom command to be used in to
+ update the working tree of submodules via the "submodule.*.update"
+ configuration variable.
+
+ * "git submodule update" can optionally clone the submodule
+ repositories shallowly.
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned "--from[=whom]" option, which sets the
+ "From: " header to the specified person (or the person who runs the
+ command, if "=whom" part is missing) and move the original author
+ information to an in-body From: header as necessary.
+
+ * The configuration variable "merge.ff" was cleary a tri-state to
+ choose one from "favor fast-forward when possible", "always create
+ a merge even when the history could fast-forward" and "do not
+ create any merge, only update when the history fast-forwards", but
+ the command line parser did not implement the usual convention of
+ "last one wins, and command line overrides the configuration"
+ correctly.
+
+ * "gitweb" learned to optionally place extra links that point at the
+ levels higher than the Gitweb pages themselves in the breadcrumbs,
+ so that it can be used as part of a larger installation.
+
+ * "git log --format=" now honors i18n.logoutputencoding configuration
+ variable.
+
+ * The "push.default=simple" mode of "git push" has been updated to
+ behave like "current" without requiring a remote tracking
+ information, when you push to a remote that is different from where
+ you fetch from (i.e. a triangular workflow).
+
+ * Having multiple "fixup!" on a line in the rebase instruction sheet
+ did not work very well with "git rebase -i --autosquash".
+
+ * "git log" learned the "--author-date-order" option, with which the
+ output is topologically sorted and commits in parallel histories
+ are shown intermixed together based on the author timestamp.
+
+ * Various subcommands of "git submodule" refused to run from anywhere
+ other than the top of the working tree of the superproject, but
+ they have been taught to let you run from a subdirectory.
+
+ * "git diff" learned a mode that ignores hunks whose change consists
+ only of additions and removals of blank lines, which is the same as
+ "diff -B" (ignore blank lines) of GNU diff.
+
+ * "git rm" gives a single message followed by list of paths to report
+ multiple paths that cannot be removed.
+
+ * "git rebase" can be told with ":/look for this string" syntax commits
+ to replay the changes onto and where the work to be replayed begins.
+
+ * Many tutorials teach users to set "color.ui" to "auto" as the first
+ thing after you set "user.name/email" to introduce yourselves to
+ Git. Now the variable defaults to "auto".
+
+ * On Cygwin, "cygstart" is now recognised as a possible way to start
+ a web browser (used in "help -w" and "instaweb" among others).
+
+ * "git status" learned status.branch and status.short configuration
+ variables to use --branch and --short options by default (override
+ with --no-branch and --no-short options from the command line).
+
+ * "git cmd <name>", when <name> happens to be a 40-hex string,
+ directly uses the 40-hex string as an object name, even if a ref
+ "refs/<some hierarchy>/<name>" exists. This disambiguation order
+ is unlikely to change, but we should warn about the ambiguity just
+ like we warn when more than one refs/ hierarchies share the same
+ name.
+
+ * "git rebase" learned "--[no-]autostash" option to save local
+ changes instead of refusing to run (to which people's normal
+ response was to stash them and re-run). This introduced a corner
+ case breakage to "git am --abort" but it has been fixed.
+
+ * "check-ignore" (new feature since 1.8.2) has been updated to work
+ more like "check-attr" over bidi-pipes.
+
+ * "git describe" learned "--first-parent" option to limit its closest
+ tagged commit search to the first-parent chain.
+
+ * "git merge foo" that might have meant "git merge origin/foo" is
+ diagnosed with a more informative error message.
+
+ * "git log -L<line>,<range>:<filename>" has been added. This may
+ still have leaks and rough edges, though.
+
+ * We used the approxidate() parser for "--expire=<timestamp>" options
+ of various commands, but it is better to treat --expire=all and
+ --expire=now a bit more specially than using the current timestamp.
+ "git gc" and "git reflog" have been updated with a new parsing
+ function for expiry dates.
+
+ * Updates to completion (both bash and zsh) helpers.
+
+ * The behaviour of the "--chain-reply-to" option of "git send-email"
+ have changed at 1.7.0, and we added a warning/advice message to
+ help users adjust to the new behaviour back then, but we kept it
+ around for too long. The message has finally been removed.
+
+ * "git fetch origin master" unlike "git fetch origin" or "git fetch"
+ did not update "refs/remotes/origin/master"; this was an early
+ design decision to keep the update of remote tracking branches
+ predictable, but in practice it turns out that people find it more
+ convenient to opportunistically update them whenever we have a
+ chance, and we have been updating them when we run "git push" which
+ already breaks the original "predictability" anyway.
+
+ * The configuration variable core.checkstat was advertised in the
+ documentation but the code expected core.statinfo instead.
+ For now, we accept both core.checkstat and core.statinfo, but the
+ latter will be removed in the longer term.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * On Cygwin, we used to use our own lstat(2) emulation that is
+ allegedly faster than the platform one in codepaths where some of
+ the information it returns did not matter, but it started to bite
+ us in a few codepaths where the trick it uses to cheat does show
+ breakages. This emulation has been removed and we use the native
+ lstat(2) emulation supplied by Cygwin now.
+
+ * The function attributes extensions are used to catch mistakes in
+ use of our own variadic functions that use NULL sentinel at the end
+ (i.e. like execl(3)) and format strings (i.e. like printf(3)).
+
+ * The code to allow configuration data to be read from in-tree blob
+ objects is in. This may help working in a bare repository and
+ submodule updates.
+
+ * Fetching between repositories with many refs employed O(n^2)
+ algorithm to match up the common objects, which has been corrected.
+
+ * The original way to specify remote repository using .git/branches/
+ used to have a nifty feature. The code to support the feature was
+ still in a function but the caller was changed not to call it 5
+ years ago, breaking that feature and leaving the supporting code
+ unreachable. The dead code has been removed.
+
+ * "git pack-refs" that races with new ref creation or deletion have
+ been susceptible to lossage of refs under right conditions, which
+ has been tightened up.
+
+ * We read loose and packed references in two steps, but after
+ deciding to read a loose ref but before actually opening it to read
+ it, another process racing with us can unlink it, which would cause
+ us to barf. The codepath has been updated to retry when such a
+ race is detected, instead of outright failing.
+
+ * Uses of the platform fnmatch(3) function (many places in the code,
+ matching pathspec, .gitignore and .gitattributes to name a few)
+ have been replaced with wildmatch, allowing "foo/**/bar" that would
+ match foo/bar, foo/a/bar, foo/a/b/bar, etc.
+
+ * Memory ownership and lifetime rules for what for-each-ref feeds to
+ its callbacks have been clarified (in short, "you do not own it, so
+ make a copy if you want to keep it").
+
+ * The revision traversal logic to improve culling of irrelevant
+ parents while traversing a mergy history has been updated.
+
+ * Some leaks in unpack-trees (used in merge, cherry-pick and other
+ codepaths) have been plugged.
+
+ * The codepath to read from marks files in fast-import/export did not
+ have to accept anything but 40-hex representation of the object
+ name. Further, fast-export did not need full in-core object
+ representation to have parsed wen reading from them. These
+ codepaths have been optimized by taking advantage of these access
+ patterns.
+
+ * Object lookup logic, when the object hashtable starts to become
+ crowded, has been optimized.
+
+ * When TEST_OUTPUT_DIRECTORY setting is used, it was handled somewhat
+ inconsistently between the test framework and t/Makefile, and logic
+ to summarize the results looked at a wrong place.
+
+ * "git clone" uses a lighter-weight implementation when making sure
+ that the history behind refs are complete.
+
+ * Many warnings from sparse source checker in compat/ area has been
+ squelched.
+
+ * The code to reading and updating packed-refs file has been updated,
+ correcting corner case bugs.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.8.3
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.8.3 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * Newer Net::SMTP::SSL module does not want the user programs to use
+ the default behaviour to let server certificate go without
+ verification, so by default enable the verification with a
+ mechanism to turn it off if needed.
+ (merge 35035bb rr/send-email-ssl-verify later to maint).
+
+ * When "git" is spawned in such a way that any of the low 3 file
+ descriptors is closed, our first open() may yield file descriptor 2,
+ and writing error message to it would screw things up in a big way.
+ (merge a11c396 tr/protect-low-3-fds later to maint).
+
+ * The mailmap mechanism unnecessarily downcased the e-mail addresses
+ in the output, and also ignored the human name when it is a single
+ character name.
+ (merge bd23794 jc/mailmap-case-insensitivity later to maint).
+
+ * In two places we did not check return value (expected to be a file
+ descriptor) correctly.
+ (merge a77f106 tr/fd-gotcha-fixes later to maint).
+
+ * Logic to auto-detect character encodings in the commit log message
+ did not reject overlong and invalid UTF-8 characters.
+ (merge 81050ac bc/commit-invalid-utf8 later to maint).
+
+ * Pass port number as a separate argument when "send-email" initializes
+ Net::SMTP, instead of as a part of the hostname, i.e. host:port.
+ This allows GSSAPI codepath to match with the hostname given.
+ (merge 1a741bf bc/send-email-use-port-as-separate-param later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff" refused to even show difference when core.safecrlf is
+ set to true (i.e. error out) and there are offending lines in the
+ working tree files.
+ (merge 5430bb2 jc/maint-diff-core-safecrlf later to maint).
+
+ * A test that should have failed but didn't revealed a bug that needs
+ to be corrected.
+ (merge 94d75d1 jc/t1512-fix later to maint).
+
+ * An overlong path to a .git directory may have overflown the
+ temporary path buffer used to create a name for lockfiles.
+ (merge 2fbd4f9 mh/maint-lockfile-overflow later to maint).
+
+ * Invocations of "git checkout" used internally by "git rebase" were
+ counted as "checkout", and affected later "git checkout -" to the
+ the user to an unexpected place.
+ (merge 3bed291 rr/rebase-checkout-reflog later to maint).
+
+ * The configuration variable column.ui was poorly documented.
+ (merge 5e62cc1 rr/column-doc later to maint).
+
+ * "git name-rev --refs=tags/v*" were forbidden, which was a bit
+ inconvenient (you had to give a pattern to match refs fully, like
+ --refs=refs/tags/v*).
+ (merge 98c5c4a nk/name-rev-abbreviated-refs later to maint).
+
+ * "git apply" parsed patches that add new files, generated by
+ programs other than Git, incorrectly. This is an old breakage in
+ v1.7.11 and will need to be merged down to the maintenance tracks.
+
+ * Older cURL wanted piece of memory we call it with to be stable, but
+ we updated the auth material after handing it to a call.
+
+ * "git pull" into nothing trashed "local changes" that were in the
+ index, and this avoids it.
+
+ * Many "git submodule" operations do not work on a submodule at a
+ path whose name is not in ASCII.
+
+ * "cherry-pick" had a small leak in an error codepath.
+
+ * Logic used by git-send-email to suppress cc mishandled names like
+ "A U. Thor" <author@example.xz>, where the human readable part
+ needs to be quoted (the user input may not have the double quotes
+ around the name, and comparison was done between quoted and
+ unquoted strings). It also mishandled names that need RFC2047
+ quoting.
+
+ * Call to discard_cache/discard_index (used when we use different
+ contents of the index in-core, in many operations like commit,
+ apply, and merge) used to leak memory that held the array of index
+ entries, which has been plugged.
+ (merge a0fc4db rs/discard-index-discard-array later to maint).
+
+ * "gitweb" forgot to clear a global variable $search_regexp upon each
+ request, mistakenly carrying over the previous search to a new one
+ when used as a persistent CGI.
+
+ * The wildmatch engine did not honor WM_CASEFOLD option correctly.
+
+ * "git log -c --follow $path" segfaulted upon hitting the commit that
+ renamed the $path being followed.
+
+ * When a reflog notation is used for implicit "current branch", we
+ did not say which branch and worse said "branch ''".
+
+ * "difftool --dir-diff" did not copy back changes made by the
+ end-user in the diff tool backend to the working tree in some
+ cases.
+
+ * "git push $there HEAD:branch" did not resolve HEAD early enough, so
+ it was easy to flip it around while push is still going on and push
+ out a branch that the user did not originally intended when the
+ command was started.
+
+ * The bash prompt code (in contrib/) displayed the name of the branch
+ being rebased when "rebase -i/-m/-p" modes are in use, but not the
+ plain vanilla "rebase".
+
+ * Handling of negative exclude pattern for directories "!dir" was
+ broken in the update to v1.8.3.
+
+ * zsh prompt script that borrowed from bash prompt script did not
+ work due to slight differences in array variable notation between
+ these two shells.
+
+ * An entry for "file://" scheme in the enumeration of URL types Git
+ can take in the HTML documentation was made into a clickable link
+ by mistake.
+
+ * "git push --[no-]verify" was not documented.
+
+ * Stop installing the git-remote-testpy script that is only used for
+ testing.
+
+ * "git commit --allow-empty-message -m ''" should not start an
+ editor.
+
+ * "git merge @{-1}~22" was rewritten to "git merge frotz@{1}~22"
+ incorrectly when your previous branch was "frotz" (it should be
+ rewritten to "git merge frotz~22" instead).
+
+ * "git diff -c -p" was not showing a deleted line from a hunk when
+ another hunk immediately begins where the earlier one ends.
+
+ * "git log --ancestry-path A...B" did not work as expected, as it did
+ not pay attention to the fact that the merge base between A and B
+ was the bottom of the range being specified.
+
+ * Mac OS X does not like to write(2) more than INT_MAX number of
+ bytes; work it around by chopping write(2) into smaller pieces.
+
+ * Newer MacOS X encourages the programs to compile and link with
+ their CommonCrypto, not with OpenSSL.
+
+ * "git clone foo/bar:baz" cannot be a request to clone from a remote
+ over git-over-ssh specified in the scp style. This case is now
+ detected and clones from a local repository at "foo/bar:baz".
+
+ * When $HOME is misconfigured to point at an unreadable directory, we
+ used to complain and die. Loosen the check.
+
+ * "git subtree" (in contrib/) had one codepath with loose error
+ checks to lose data at the remote side.
+
+ * "git fetch" into a shallow repository from a repository that does
+ not know about the shallow boundary commits (e.g. a different fork
+ from the repository the current shallow repository was cloned from)
+ did not work correctly.
+
+ * "git checkout foo" DWIMs the intended "upstream" and turns it into
+ "git checkout -t -b foo remotes/origin/foo". This codepath has been
+ updated to correctly take existing remote definitions into account.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2202399
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,86 @@
+Git v1.8.5 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes (for Git 2.0)
+------------------------------------------
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). In Git 2.0, the default will change to the "simple"
+semantics that pushes:
+
+ - only the current branch to the branch with the same name, and only
+ when the current branch is set to integrate with that remote
+ branch, if you are pushing to the same remote as you fetch from; or
+
+ - only the current branch to the branch with the same name, if you
+ are pushing to a remote that is not where you usually fetch from.
+
+Use the user preference configuration variable "push.default" to
+change this. If you are an old-timer who is used to the "matching"
+semantics, you can set the variable to "matching" to keep the
+traditional behaviour. If you want to live in the future early, you
+can set it to "simple" today without waiting for Git 2.0.
+
+When "git add -u" (and "git add -A") is run inside a subdirectory and
+does not specify which paths to add on the command line, it
+will operate on the entire tree in Git 2.0 for consistency
+with "git commit -a" and other commands. There will be no
+mechanism to make plain "git add -u" behave like "git add -u .".
+Current users of "git add -u" (without a pathspec) should start
+training their fingers to explicitly say "git add -u ."
+before Git 2.0 comes. A warning is issued when these commands are
+run without a pathspec and when you have local changes outside the
+current directory, because the behaviour in Git 2.0 will be different
+from today's version in such a situation.
+
+In Git 2.0, "git add <path>" will behave as "git add -A <path>", so
+that "git add dir/" will notice paths you removed from the directory
+and record the removal. Versions before Git 2.0, including this
+release, will keep ignoring removals, but the users who rely on this
+behaviour are encouraged to start using "git add --ignore-removal <path>"
+now before 2.0 is released.
+
+
+Updates since v1.8.4
+--------------------
+
+Foreign interfaces, subsystems and ports.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * "git whatchanged" may still be used by old timers, but mention of
+ it in documents meant for new users will only waste readers' time
+ wonderig what the difference is between it and "git log". Make it
+ less prominent in the general part of the documentation and explain
+ that it is merely a "git log" with different default behaviour in
+ its own document.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.8.4
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.8.4 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * Some people still use rather old versions of bash, which cannot
+ grok some constructs like 'printf -v varname' the prompt and
+ completion code started to use recently.
+ (merge a44aa69 bc/completion-for-bash-3.0 later to maint).
+
+ * Code to read configuration from a blob object did not compile on
+ platforms with fgetc() etc. implemented as macros.
+ (merge 49d6cfa hv/config-from-blob later to maint-1.8.3).
+
+ * The recent "short-cut clone connectivity check" topic broke a
+ shallow repository when a fetch operation tries to auto-follow tags.
+ (merge 6da8bdc nd/fetch-pack-shallow-fix later to maint-1.8.3).
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index d0a4733..7055576 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -65,7 +65,20 @@ feature does not trigger when it shouldn't. Also make sure that the
test suite passes after your commit. Do not forget to update the
documentation to describe the updated behaviour.
-Oh, another thing. I am picky about whitespaces. Make sure your
+Speaking of the documentation, it is currently a liberal mixture of US
+and UK English norms for spelling and grammar, which is somewhat
+unfortunate. A huge patch that touches the files all over the place
+only to correct the inconsistency is not welcome, though. Potential
+clashes with other changes that can result from such a patch are not
+worth it. We prefer to gradually reconcile the inconsistencies in
+favor of US English, with small and easily digestible patches, as a
+side effect of doing some other real work in the vicinity (e.g.
+rewriting a paragraph for clarity, while turning en_UK spelling to
+en_US). Obvious typographical fixes are much more welcomed ("teh ->
+"the"), preferably submitted as independent patches separate from
+other documentation changes.
+
+Oh, another thing. We are picky about whitespaces. Make sure your
changes do not trigger errors with the sample pre-commit hook shipped
in templates/hooks--pre-commit. To help ensure this does not happen,
run git diff --check on your changes before you commit.
diff --git a/Documentation/blame-options.txt b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
index b0d31df..4e55b15 100644
--- a/Documentation/blame-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/blame-options.txt
@@ -10,27 +10,14 @@
Include additional statistics at the end of blame output.
-L <start>,<end>::
- Annotate only the given line range. <start> and <end> can take
- one of these forms:
-
- - number
-+
-If <start> or <end> is a number, it specifies an
-absolute line number (lines count from 1).
+-L :<regex>::
+ Annotate only the given line range. <start> and <end> are optional.
+ ``-L <start>'' or ``-L <start>,'' spans from <start> to end of file.
+ ``-L ,<end>'' spans from start of file to <end>.
+
+<start> and <end> can take one of these forms:
-- /regex/
-+
-This form will use the first line matching the given
-POSIX regex. If <end> is a regex, it will search
-starting at the line given by <start>.
-+
-
-- +offset or -offset
-+
-This is only valid for <end> and will specify a number
-of lines before or after the line given by <start>.
-+
+include::line-range-format.txt[]
-l::
Show long rev (Default: off).
diff --git a/Documentation/cat-texi.perl b/Documentation/cat-texi.perl
index 828ec62..87437f8 100755
--- a/Documentation/cat-texi.perl
+++ b/Documentation/cat-texi.perl
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@ while (<STDIN>) {
push @menu, $1;
}
s/\(\@pxref{\[(URLS|REMOTES)\]}\)//;
+ s/\@anchor\{[^{}]*\}//g;
print TMP;
}
close TMP;
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index bbba728..ec57a15 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -178,6 +178,10 @@ advice.*::
the template shown when writing commit messages in
linkgit:git-commit[1], and in the help message shown
by linkgit:git-checkout[1] when switching branch.
+ statusUoption::
+ Advise to consider using the `-u` option to linkgit:git-status[1]
+ when the command takes more than 2 seconds to enumerate untracked
+ files.
commitBeforeMerge::
Advice shown when linkgit:git-merge[1] refuses to
merge to avoid overwriting local changes.
@@ -195,6 +199,9 @@ advice.*::
amWorkDir::
Advice that shows the location of the patch file when
linkgit:git-am[1] fails to apply it.
+ rmHints::
+ In case of failure in the output of linkgit:git-rm[1],
+ show directions on how to proceed from the current state.
--
core.fileMode::
@@ -206,17 +213,6 @@ The default is true, except linkgit:git-clone[1] or linkgit:git-init[1]
will probe and set core.fileMode false if appropriate when the
repository is created.
-core.ignoreCygwinFSTricks::
- This option is only used by Cygwin implementation of Git. If false,
- the Cygwin stat() and lstat() functions are used. This may be useful
- if your repository consists of a few separate directories joined in
- one hierarchy using Cygwin mount. If true, Git uses native Win32 API
- whenever it is possible and falls back to Cygwin functions only to
- handle symbol links. The native mode is more than twice faster than
- normal Cygwin l/stat() functions. True by default, unless core.filemode
- is true, in which case ignoreCygwinFSTricks is ignored as Cygwin's
- POSIX emulation is required to support core.filemode.
-
core.ignorecase::
If true, this option enables various workarounds to enable
Git to work better on filesystems that are not case sensitive,
@@ -408,7 +404,7 @@ repository's usual working tree).
core.logAllRefUpdates::
Enable the reflog. Updates to a ref <ref> is logged to the file
"$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>", by appending the new and old
- SHA1, the date/time and the reason of the update, but
+ SHA-1, the date/time and the reason of the update, but
only when the file exists. If this configuration
variable is set to true, missing "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>"
file is automatically created for branch heads (i.e. under
@@ -443,7 +439,7 @@ core.sharedRepository::
core.warnAmbiguousRefs::
If true, Git will warn you if the ref name you passed it is ambiguous
- and might match multiple refs in the .git/refs/ tree. True by default.
+ and might match multiple refs in the repository. True by default.
core.compression::
An integer -1..9, indicating a default compression level.
@@ -551,7 +547,7 @@ core.commentchar::
(default '#').
sequence.editor::
- Text editor used by `git rebase -i` for editing the rebase insn file.
+ Text editor used by `git rebase -i` for editing the rebase instruction file.
The value is meant to be interpreted by the shell when it is used.
It can be overridden by the `GIT_SEQUENCE_EDITOR` environment variable.
When not configured the default commit message editor is used instead.
@@ -723,9 +719,22 @@ branch.autosetuprebase::
This option defaults to never.
branch.<name>.remote::
- When in branch <name>, it tells 'git fetch' and 'git push' which
- remote to fetch from/push to. It defaults to `origin` if no remote is
- configured. `origin` is also used if you are not on any branch.
+ When on branch <name>, it tells 'git fetch' and 'git push'
+ which remote to fetch from/push to. The remote to push to
+ may be overridden with `remote.pushdefault` (for all branches).
+ The remote to push to, for the current branch, may be further
+ overridden by `branch.<name>.pushremote`. If no remote is
+ configured, or if you are not on any branch, it defaults to
+ `origin` for fetching and `remote.pushdefault` for pushing.
+
+branch.<name>.pushremote::
+ When on branch <name>, it overrides `branch.<name>.remote` for
+ pushing. It also overrides `remote.pushdefault` for pushing
+ from branch <name>. When you pull from one place (e.g. your
+ upstream) and push to another place (e.g. your own publishing
+ repository), you would want to set `remote.pushdefault` to
+ specify the remote to push to for all branches, and use this
+ option to override it for a specific branch.
branch.<name>.merge::
Defines, together with branch.<name>.remote, the upstream branch
@@ -790,7 +799,8 @@ color.branch::
color.branch.<slot>::
Use customized color for branch coloration. `<slot>` is one of
`current` (the current branch), `local` (a local branch),
- `remote` (a remote-tracking branch in refs/remotes/), `plain` (other
+ `remote` (a remote-tracking branch in refs/remotes/),
+ `upstream` (upstream tracking branch), `plain` (other
refs).
+
The value for these configuration variables is a list of colors (at most
@@ -858,16 +868,17 @@ The values of these variables may be specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
color.interactive::
When set to `always`, always use colors for interactive prompts
- and displays (such as those used by "git-add --interactive").
- When false (or `never`), never. When set to `true` or `auto`, use
- colors only when the output is to the terminal. Defaults to false.
+ and displays (such as those used by "git-add --interactive" and
+ "git-clean --interactive"). When false (or `never`), never.
+ When set to `true` or `auto`, use colors only when the output is
+ to the terminal. Defaults to false.
color.interactive.<slot>::
- Use customized color for 'git add --interactive'
- output. `<slot>` may be `prompt`, `header`, `help` or `error`, for
- four distinct types of normal output from interactive
- commands. The values of these variables may be specified as
- in color.branch.<slot>.
+ Use customized color for 'git add --interactive' and 'git clean
+ --interactive' output. `<slot>` may be `prompt`, `header`, `help`
+ or `error`, for four distinct types of normal output from
+ interactive commands. The values of these variables may be
+ specified as in color.branch.<slot>.
color.pager::
A boolean to enable/disable colored output when the pager is in
@@ -901,17 +912,21 @@ color.ui::
as `color.diff` and `color.grep` that control the use of color
per command family. Its scope will expand as more commands learn
configuration to set a default for the `--color` option. Set it
- to `always` if you want all output not intended for machine
- consumption to use color, to `true` or `auto` if you want such
- output to use color when written to the terminal, or to `false` or
- `never` if you prefer Git commands not to use color unless enabled
- explicitly with some other configuration or the `--color` option.
+ to `false` or `never` if you prefer Git commands not to use
+ color unless enabled explicitly with some other configuration
+ or the `--color` option. Set it to `always` if you want all
+ output not intended for machine consumption to use color, to
+ `true` or `auto` (this is the default since Git 1.8.4) if you
+ want such output to use color when written to the terminal.
column.ui::
Specify whether supported commands should output in columns.
This variable consists of a list of tokens separated by spaces
or commas:
+
+These options control when the feature should be enabled
+(defaults to 'never'):
++
--
`always`;;
always show in columns
@@ -919,24 +934,39 @@ column.ui::
never show in columns
`auto`;;
show in columns if the output is to the terminal
+--
++
+These options control layout (defaults to 'column'). Setting any
+of these implies 'always' if none of 'always', 'never', or 'auto' are
+specified.
++
+--
`column`;;
- fill columns before rows (default)
+ fill columns before rows
`row`;;
fill rows before columns
`plain`;;
show in one column
+--
++
+Finally, these options can be combined with a layout option (defaults
+to 'nodense'):
++
+--
`dense`;;
make unequal size columns to utilize more space
`nodense`;;
make equal size columns
--
-+
-This option defaults to 'never'.
column.branch::
Specify whether to output branch listing in `git branch` in columns.
See `column.ui` for details.
+column.clean::
+ Specify the layout when list items in `git clean -i`, which always
+ shows files and directories in columns. See `column.ui` for details.
+
column.status::
Specify whether to output untracked files in `git status` in columns.
See `column.ui` for details.
@@ -1086,11 +1116,16 @@ format.thread::
value disables threading.
format.signoff::
- A boolean value which lets you enable the `-s/--signoff` option of
- format-patch by default. *Note:* Adding the Signed-off-by: line to a
- patch should be a conscious act and means that you certify you have
- the rights to submit this work under the same open source license.
- Please see the 'SubmittingPatches' document for further discussion.
+ A boolean value which lets you enable the `-s/--signoff` option of
+ format-patch by default. *Note:* Adding the Signed-off-by: line to a
+ patch should be a conscious act and means that you certify you have
+ the rights to submit this work under the same open source license.
+ Please see the 'SubmittingPatches' document for further discussion.
+
+format.coverLetter::
+ A boolean that controls whether to generate a cover-letter when
+ format-patch is invoked, but in addition can be set to "auto", to
+ generate a cover-letter only when there's more than one patch.
filter.<driver>.clean::
The command which is used to convert the content of a worktree
@@ -1202,7 +1237,7 @@ gitcvs.dbname::
gitcvs.dbdriver::
Used Perl DBI driver. You can specify any available driver
- for this here, but it might not work. git-cvsserver is tested
+ for this here, but it might not work. git-cvsserver is tested
with 'DBD::SQLite', reported to work with 'DBD::Pg', and
reported *not* to work with 'DBD::mysql'. Experimental feature.
May not contain double colons (`:`). Default: 'SQLite'.
@@ -1443,6 +1478,14 @@ http.sslCAPath::
with when fetching or pushing over HTTPS. Can be overridden
by the 'GIT_SSL_CAPATH' environment variable.
+http.sslTry::
+ Attempt to use AUTH SSL/TLS and encrypted data transfers
+ when connecting via regular FTP protocol. This might be needed
+ if the FTP server requires it for security reasons or you wish
+ to connect securely whenever remote FTP server supports it.
+ Default is false since it might trigger certificate verification
+ errors on misconfigured servers.
+
http.maxRequests::
How many HTTP requests to launch in parallel. Can be overridden
by the 'GIT_HTTP_MAX_REQUESTS' environment variable. Default is 5.
@@ -1795,39 +1838,59 @@ pull.twohead::
The default merge strategy to use when pulling a single branch.
push.default::
- Defines the action `git push` should take if no refspec is given
- on the command line, no refspec is configured in the remote, and
- no refspec is implied by any of the options given on the command
- line. Possible values are:
+ Defines the action `git push` should take if no refspec is
+ explicitly given. Different values are well-suited for
+ specific workflows; for instance, in a purely central workflow
+ (i.e. the fetch source is equal to the push destination),
+ `upstream` is probably what you want. Possible values are:
+
--
-* `nothing` - do not push anything.
-* `matching` - push all branches having the same name in both ends.
- This is for those who prepare all the branches into a publishable
- shape and then push them out with a single command. It is not
- appropriate for pushing into a repository shared by multiple users,
- since locally stalled branches will attempt a non-fast forward push
- if other users updated the branch.
- +
- This is currently the default, but Git 2.0 will change the default
- to `simple`.
-* `upstream` - push the current branch to its upstream branch
- (`tracking` is a deprecated synonym for this).
- With this, `git push` will update the same remote ref as the one which
- is merged by `git pull`, making `push` and `pull` symmetrical.
- See "branch.<name>.merge" for how to configure the upstream branch.
-* `simple` - like `upstream`, but refuses to push if the upstream
- branch's name is different from the local one. This is the safest
- option and is well-suited for beginners. It will become the default
- in Git 2.0.
-* `current` - push the current branch to a branch of the same name.
---
+
+* `nothing` - do not push anything (error out) unless a refspec is
+ explicitly given. This is primarily meant for people who want to
+ avoid mistakes by always being explicit.
+
+* `current` - push the current branch to update a branch with the same
+ name on the receiving end. Works in both central and non-central
+ workflows.
+
+* `upstream` - push the current branch back to the branch whose
+ changes are usually integrated into the current branch (which is
+ called `@{upstream}`). This mode only makes sense if you are
+ pushing to the same repository you would normally pull from
+ (i.e. central workflow).
+
+* `simple` - in centralized workflow, work like `upstream` with an
+ added safety to refuse to push if the upstream branch's name is
+ different from the local one.
+
-The `simple`, `current` and `upstream` modes are for those who want to
-push out a single branch after finishing work, even when the other
-branches are not yet ready to be pushed out. If you are working with
-other people to push into the same shared repository, you would want
-to use one of these.
+When pushing to a remote that is different from the remote you normally
+pull from, work as `current`. This is the safest option and is suited
+for beginners.
++
+This mode will become the default in Git 2.0.
+
+* `matching` - push all branches having the same name on both ends.
+ This makes the repository you are pushing to remember the set of
+ branches that will be pushed out (e.g. if you always push 'maint'
+ and 'master' there and no other branches, the repository you push
+ to will have these two branches, and your local 'maint' and
+ 'master' will be pushed there).
++
+To use this mode effectively, you have to make sure _all_ the
+branches you would push out are ready to be pushed out before
+running 'git push', as the whole point of this mode is to allow you
+to push all of the branches in one go. If you usually finish work
+on only one branch and push out the result, while other branches are
+unfinished, this mode is not for you. Also this mode is not
+suitable for pushing into a shared central repository, as other
+people may add new branches there, or update the tip of existing
+branches outside your control.
++
+This is currently the default, but Git 2.0 will change the default
+to `simple`.
+
+--
rebase.stat::
Whether to show a diffstat of what changed upstream since the last
@@ -1836,6 +1899,14 @@ rebase.stat::
rebase.autosquash::
If set to true enable '--autosquash' option by default.
+rebase.autostash::
+ When set to true, automatically create a temporary stash
+ before the operation begins, and apply it after the operation
+ ends. This means that you can run rebase on a dirty worktree.
+ However, use with care: the final stash application after a
+ successful rebase might result in non-trivial conflicts.
+ Defaults to false.
+
receive.autogc::
By default, git-receive-pack will run "git-gc --auto" after
receiving data from git-push and updating refs. You can stop
@@ -1894,6 +1965,11 @@ receive.updateserverinfo::
If set to true, git-receive-pack will run git-update-server-info
after receiving data from git-push and updating refs.
+remote.pushdefault::
+ The remote to push to by default. Overrides
+ `branch.<name>.remote` for all branches, and is overridden by
+ `branch.<name>.pushremote` for specific branches.
+
remote.<name>.url::
The URL of a remote repository. See linkgit:git-fetch[1] or
linkgit:git-push[1].
@@ -1986,6 +2062,10 @@ sendemail.smtpencryption::
sendemail.smtpssl::
Deprecated alias for 'sendemail.smtpencryption = ssl'.
+sendemail.smtpsslcertpath::
+ Path to ca-certificates (either a directory or a single file).
+ Set it to an empty string to disable certificate verification.
+
sendemail.<identity>.*::
Identity-specific versions of the 'sendemail.*' parameters
found below, taking precedence over those when the this
@@ -1994,6 +2074,7 @@ sendemail.<identity>.*::
sendemail.aliasesfile::
sendemail.aliasfiletype::
+sendemail.annotate::
sendemail.bcc::
sendemail.cc::
sendemail.cccmd::
@@ -2029,6 +2110,14 @@ status.relativePaths::
relative to the repository root (this was the default for Git
prior to v1.5.4).
+status.short::
+ Set to true to enable --short by default in linkgit:git-status[1].
+ The option --no-short takes precedence over this variable.
+
+status.branch::
+ Set to true to enable --branch by default in linkgit:git-status[1].
+ The option --no-branch takes precedence over this variable.
+
status.showUntrackedFiles::
By default, linkgit:git-status[1] and linkgit:git-commit[1] show
files which are not currently tracked by Git. Directories which
@@ -2119,7 +2208,13 @@ uploadpack.hiderefs::
are under the hierarchies listed on the value of this
variable is excluded, and is hidden from `git ls-remote`,
`git fetch`, etc. An attempt to fetch a hidden ref by `git
- fetch` will fail.
+ fetch` will fail. See also `uploadpack.allowtipsha1inwant`.
+
+uploadpack.allowtipsha1inwant::
+ When `uploadpack.hiderefs` is in effect, allow `upload-pack`
+ to accept a fetch request that asks for an object at the tip
+ of a hidden ref (by default, such a request is rejected).
+ see also `uploadpack.hiderefs`.
url.<base>.insteadOf::
Any URL that starts with this value will be rewritten to
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
index 869d965..bbed2cd 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
@@ -26,6 +26,11 @@ ifndef::git-format-patch[]
{git-diff? This is the default.}
endif::git-format-patch[]
+-s::
+--no-patch::
+ Suppress diff output. Useful for commands like `git show` that
+ show the patch by default, or to cancel the effect of `--patch`.
+
-U<n>::
--unified=<n>::
Generate diffs with <n> lines of context instead of
@@ -195,8 +200,8 @@ any of those replacements occurred.
--color[=<when>]::
Show colored diff.
- The value must be `always` (the default for `<when>`), `never`, or `auto`.
- The default value is `never`.
+ `--color` (i.e. without '=<when>') is the same as `--color=always`.
+ '<when>' can be one of `always`, `never`, or `auto`.
ifdef::git-diff[]
It can be changed by the `color.ui` and `color.diff`
configuration settings.
@@ -333,7 +338,7 @@ endif::git-log[]
a fraction, with a decimal point before it. I.e., `-M5` becomes
0.5, and is thus the same as `-M50%`. Similarly, `-M05` is
the same as `-M5%`. To limit detection to exact renames, use
- `-M100%`.
+ `-M100%`. The default similarity index is 50%.
-C[<n>]::
--find-copies[=<n>]::
@@ -383,14 +388,36 @@ ifndef::git-format-patch[]
that matches other criteria, nothing is selected.
-S<string>::
- Look for differences that introduce or remove an instance of
- <string>. Note that this is different than the string simply
- appearing in diff output; see the 'pickaxe' entry in
- linkgit:gitdiffcore[7] for more details.
+ Look for differences that change the number of occurrences of
+ the specified string (i.e. addition/deletion) in a file.
+ Intended for the scripter's use.
++
+It is useful when you're looking for an exact block of code (like a
+struct), and want to know the history of that block since it first
+came into being: use the feature iteratively to feed the interesting
+block in the preimage back into `-S`, and keep going until you get the
+very first version of the block.
-G<regex>::
- Look for differences whose added or removed line matches
- the given <regex>.
+ Look for differences whose patch text contains added/removed
+ lines that match <regex>.
++
+To illustrate the difference between `-S<regex> --pickaxe-regex` and
+`-G<regex>`, consider a commit with the following diff in the same
+file:
++
+----
++ return !regexec(regexp, two->ptr, 1, &regmatch, 0);
+...
+- hit = !regexec(regexp, mf2.ptr, 1, &regmatch, 0);
+----
++
+While `git log -G"regexec\(regexp"` will show this commit, `git log
+-S"regexec\(regexp" --pickaxe-regex` will not (because the number of
+occurrences of that string did not change).
++
+See the 'pickaxe' entry in linkgit:gitdiffcore[7] for more
+information.
--pickaxe-all::
When `-S` or `-G` finds a change, show all the changes in that
@@ -398,8 +425,8 @@ ifndef::git-format-patch[]
in <string>.
--pickaxe-regex::
- Make the <string> not a plain string but an extended POSIX
- regex to match.
+ Treat the <string> given to `-S` as an extended POSIX regular
+ expression to match.
endif::git-format-patch[]
-O<orderfile>::
@@ -439,6 +466,9 @@ endif::git-format-patch[]
differences even if one line has whitespace where the other
line has none.
+--ignore-blank-lines::
+ Ignore changes whose lines are all blank.
+
--inter-hunk-context=<lines>::
Show the context between diff hunks, up to the specified number
of lines, thereby fusing hunks that are close to each other.
@@ -480,7 +510,7 @@ endif::git-format-patch[]
--ignore-submodules[=<when>]::
Ignore changes to submodules in the diff generation. <when> can be
- either "none", "untracked", "dirty" or "all", which is the default
+ either "none", "untracked", "dirty" or "all", which is the default.
Using "none" will consider the submodule modified when it either contains
untracked or modified files or its HEAD differs from the commit recorded
in the superproject and can be used to override any settings of the
diff --git a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
index 9cb6496..ba1fe49 100644
--- a/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/fetch-options.txt
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ endif::git-pull[]
ifndef::git-pull[]
-t::
--tags::
- This is a short-hand for giving "refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*"
+ This is a short-hand for giving `refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*`
refspec from the command line, to ask all tags to be fetched
and stored locally. Because this acts as an explicit
refspec, the default refspecs (configured with the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-add.txt b/Documentation/git-add.txt
index b0944e5..48754cb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-add.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-add.txt
@@ -9,9 +9,9 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git add' [-n] [-v] [--force | -f] [--interactive | -i] [--patch | -p]
- [--edit | -e] [--all | [--update | -u]] [--intent-to-add | -N]
- [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--ignore-missing] [--]
- [<pathspec>...]
+ [--edit | -e] [--[no-]all | --[no-]ignore-removal | [--update | -u]]
+ [--intent-to-add | -N] [--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--ignore-missing]
+ [--] [<pathspec>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -111,6 +111,7 @@ of Git, hence the form without <pathspec> should not be used.
-A::
--all::
+--no-ignore-removal::
Update the index not only where the working tree has a file
matching <pathspec> but also where the index already has an
entry. This adds, modifies, and removes index entries to
@@ -121,6 +122,19 @@ If no <pathspec> is given, the current version of Git defaults to
and its subdirectories. This default will change in a future version
of Git, hence the form without <pathspec> should not be used.
+--no-all::
+--ignore-removal::
+ Update the index by adding new files that are unknown to the
+ index and files modified in the working tree, but ignore
+ files that have been removed from the working tree. This
+ option is a no-op when no <pathspec> is used.
++
+This option is primarily to help the current users of Git, whose
+"git add <pathspec>..." ignores removed files. In future versions
+of Git, "git add <pathspec>..." will be a synonym to "git add -A
+<pathspec>..." and "git add --ignore-removal <pathspec>..." will behave like
+today's "git add <pathspec>...", ignoring removed files.
+
-N::
--intent-to-add::
Record only the fact that the path will be added later. An entry
diff --git a/Documentation/git-am.txt b/Documentation/git-am.txt
index 19d57a8..54d8461 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-am.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-am.txt
@@ -9,12 +9,12 @@ git-am - Apply a series of patches from a mailbox
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git am' [--signoff] [--keep] [--keep-cr | --no-keep-cr] [--utf8 | --no-utf8]
+'git am' [--signoff] [--keep] [--[no-]keep-cr] [--[no-]utf8]
[--3way] [--interactive] [--committer-date-is-author-date]
[--ignore-date] [--ignore-space-change | --ignore-whitespace]
[--whitespace=<option>] [-C<n>] [-p<n>] [--directory=<dir>]
[--exclude=<path>] [--include=<path>] [--reject] [-q | --quiet]
- [--scissors | --no-scissors]
+ [--[no-]scissors]
[(<mbox> | <Maildir>)...]
'git am' (--continue | --skip | --abort)
@@ -43,8 +43,7 @@ OPTIONS
--keep-non-patch::
Pass `-b` flag to 'git mailinfo' (see linkgit:git-mailinfo[1]).
---keep-cr::
---no-keep-cr::
+--[no-]keep-cr::
With `--keep-cr`, call 'git mailsplit' (see linkgit:git-mailsplit[1])
with the same option, to prevent it from stripping CR at the end of
lines. `am.keepcr` configuration variable can be used to specify the
@@ -133,7 +132,7 @@ default. You can use `--no-utf8` to override this.
--resolvemsg=<msg>::
When a patch failure occurs, <msg> will be printed
to the screen before exiting. This overrides the
- standard message informing you to use `--resolved`
+ standard message informing you to use `--continue`
or `--skip` to handle the failure. This is solely
for internal use between 'git rebase' and 'git am'.
@@ -177,7 +176,7 @@ aborts in the middle. You can recover from this in one of two ways:
. hand resolve the conflict in the working directory, and update
the index file to bring it into a state that the patch should
- have produced. Then run the command with the '--resolved' option.
+ have produced. Then run the command with the '--continue' option.
The command refuses to process new mailboxes until the current
operation is finished, so if you decide to start over from scratch,
diff --git a/Documentation/git-archive.txt b/Documentation/git-archive.txt
index b4c2e24..b97aaab 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-archive.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-archive.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git archive' [--format=<fmt>] [--list] [--prefix=<prefix>/] [<extra>]
- [-o | --output=<file>] [--worktree-attributes]
+ [-o <file> | --output=<file>] [--worktree-attributes]
[--remote=<repo> [--exec=<git-upload-archive>]] <tree-ish>
[<path>...]
@@ -56,7 +56,8 @@ OPTIONS
Write the archive to <file> instead of stdout.
--worktree-attributes::
- Look for attributes in .gitattributes in working directory too.
+ Look for attributes in .gitattributes files in the working tree
+ as well (see <<ATTRIBUTES>>).
<extra>::
This can be any options that the archiver backend understands.
@@ -120,6 +121,7 @@ tar.<format>.remote::
user-defined formats, but true for the "tar.gz" and "tgz"
formats.
+[[ATTRIBUTES]]
ATTRIBUTES
----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
index 0eed3e3..afeb86c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-bisect-lk2009.txt
@@ -1320,7 +1320,7 @@ So git bisect is unconditional goodness - and feel free to quote that
;-)
_____________
-Acknowledgements
+Acknowledgments
----------------
Many thanks to Junio Hamano for his help in reviewing this paper, for
diff --git a/Documentation/git-blame.txt b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
index 9a05c2b..6cea7f1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-blame.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-blame.txt
@@ -8,9 +8,9 @@ git-blame - Show what revision and author last modified each line of a file
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git blame' [-c] [-b] [-l] [--root] [-t] [-f] [-n] [-s] [-e] [-p] [-w] [--incremental] [-L n,m]
- [-S <revs-file>] [-M] [-C] [-C] [-C] [--since=<date>] [--abbrev=<n>]
- [<rev> | --contents <file> | --reverse <rev>] [--] <file>
+'git blame' [-c] [-b] [-l] [--root] [-t] [-f] [-n] [-s] [-e] [-p] [-w] [--incremental]
+ [-L n,m | -L :fn] [-S <revs-file>] [-M] [-C] [-C] [-C] [--since=<date>]
+ [--abbrev=<n>] [<rev> | --contents <file> | --reverse <rev>] [--] <file>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
index 2fb95bb..10fbc6a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-cat-file.txt
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ object type, or '-s' is used to find the object size, or '--textconv' is used
(which implies type "blob").
In the second form, a list of objects (separated by linefeeds) is provided on
-stdin, and the SHA1, type, and size of each object is printed on stdout.
+stdin, and the SHA-1, type, and size of each object is printed on stdout.
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -58,12 +58,16 @@ OPTIONS
to apply the filter to the content recorded in the index at <path>.
--batch::
- Print the SHA1, type, size, and contents of each object provided on
- stdin. May not be combined with any other options or arguments.
+--batch=<format>::
+ Print object information and contents for each object provided
+ on stdin. May not be combined with any other options or arguments.
+ See the section `BATCH OUTPUT` below for details.
--batch-check::
- Print the SHA1, type, and size of each object provided on stdin. May not
- be combined with any other options or arguments.
+--batch-check=<format>::
+ Print object information for each object provided on stdin. May
+ not be combined with any other options or arguments. See the
+ section `BATCH OUTPUT` below for details.
OUTPUT
------
@@ -78,28 +82,75 @@ If '-p' is specified, the contents of <object> are pretty-printed.
If <type> is specified, the raw (though uncompressed) contents of the <object>
will be returned.
-If '--batch' is specified, output of the following form is printed for each
-object specified on stdin:
+BATCH OUTPUT
+------------
+
+If `--batch` or `--batch-check` is given, `cat-file` will read objects
+from stdin, one per line, and print information about them.
+
+Each line is considered as a whole object name, and is parsed as if
+given to linkgit:git-rev-parse[1].
+
+You can specify the information shown for each object by using a custom
+`<format>`. The `<format>` is copied literally to stdout for each
+object, with placeholders of the form `%(atom)` expanded, followed by a
+newline. The available atoms are:
+
+`objectname`::
+ The 40-hex object name of the object.
+
+`objecttype`::
+ The type of of the object (the same as `cat-file -t` reports).
+
+`objectsize`::
+ The size, in bytes, of the object (the same as `cat-file -s`
+ reports).
+
+`objectsize:disk`::
+ The size, in bytes, that the object takes up on disk. See the
+ note about on-disk sizes in the `CAVEATS` section below.
+
+If no format is specified, the default format is `%(objectname)
+%(objecttype) %(objectsize)`.
+
+If `--batch` is specified, the object information is followed by the
+object contents (consisting of `%(objectsize)` bytes), followed by a
+newline.
+
+For example, `--batch` without a custom format would produce:
------------
<sha1> SP <type> SP <size> LF
<contents> LF
------------
-If '--batch-check' is specified, output of the following form is printed for
-each object specified on stdin:
+Whereas `--batch-check='%(objectname) %(objecttype)'` would produce:
------------
-<sha1> SP <type> SP <size> LF
+<sha1> SP <type> LF
------------
-For both '--batch' and '--batch-check', output of the following form is printed
-for each object specified on stdin that does not exist in the repository:
+If a name is specified on stdin that cannot be resolved to an object in
+the repository, then `cat-file` will ignore any custom format and print:
------------
<object> SP missing LF
------------
+
+CAVEATS
+-------
+
+Note that the sizes of objects on disk are reported accurately, but care
+should be taken in drawing conclusions about which refs or objects are
+responsible for disk usage. The size of a packed non-delta object may be
+much larger than the size of objects which delta against it, but the
+choice of which object is the base and which is the delta is arbitrary
+and is subject to change during a repack. Note also that multiple copies
+of an object may be present in the object database; in this case, it is
+undefined which copy's size will be reported.
+
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt b/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
index 760aca9..00e2aa2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-attr.txt
@@ -61,6 +61,11 @@ being queried and <info> can be either:
'set';; when the attribute is defined as true.
<value>;; when a value has been assigned to the attribute.
+Buffering happens as documented under the `GIT_FLUSH` option in
+linkgit:git[1]. The caller is responsible for avoiding deadlocks
+caused by overfilling an input buffer or reading from an empty output
+buffer.
+
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt b/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
index 854e4d0..d2df487 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-ignore.txt
@@ -39,6 +39,12 @@ OPTIONS
below). If `--stdin` is also given, input paths are separated
with a NUL character instead of a linefeed character.
+-n, --non-matching::
+ Show given paths which don't match any pattern. This only
+ makes sense when `--verbose` is enabled, otherwise it would
+ not be possible to distinguish between paths which match a
+ pattern and those which don't.
+
OUTPUT
------
@@ -65,6 +71,20 @@ are also used instead of colons and hard tabs:
<source> <NULL> <linenum> <NULL> <pattern> <NULL> <pathname> <NULL>
+If `-n` or `--non-matching` are specified, non-matching pathnames will
+also be output, in which case all fields in each output record except
+for <pathname> will be empty. This can be useful when running
+non-interactively, so that files can be incrementally streamed to
+STDIN of a long-running check-ignore process, and for each of these
+files, STDOUT will indicate whether that file matched a pattern or
+not. (Without this option, it would be impossible to tell whether the
+absence of output for a given file meant that it didn't match any
+pattern, or that the output hadn't been generated yet.)
+
+Buffering happens as documented under the `GIT_FLUSH` option in
+linkgit:git[1]. The caller is responsible for avoiding deadlocks
+caused by overfilling an input buffer or reading from an empty output
+buffer.
EXIT STATUS
-----------
@@ -82,7 +102,7 @@ SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:gitignore[5]
linkgit:gitconfig[5]
-linkgit:git-ls-files[5]
+linkgit:git-ls-files[1]
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-mailmap.txt b/Documentation/git-check-mailmap.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..39028ee
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-mailmap.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+git-check-mailmap(1)
+====================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-check-mailmap - Show canonical names and email addresses of contacts
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+[verse]
+'git check-mailmap' [options] <contact>...
+
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+For each ``Name $$<user@host>$$'' or ``$$<user@host>$$'' from the command-line
+or standard input (when using `--stdin`), look up the person's canonical name
+and email address (see "Mapping Authors" below). If found, print them;
+otherwise print the input as-is.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--stdin::
+ Read contacts, one per line, from the standard input after exhausting
+ contacts provided on the command-line.
+
+
+OUTPUT
+------
+
+For each contact, a single line is output, terminated by a newline. If the
+name is provided or known to the 'mailmap', ``Name $$<user@host>$$'' is
+printed; otherwise only ``$$<user@host>$$'' is printed.
+
+
+MAPPING AUTHORS
+---------------
+
+include::mailmap.txt[]
+
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
index ec1739a..a49be1b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-check-ref-format.txt
@@ -83,8 +83,7 @@ typed the branch name.
OPTIONS
-------
---allow-onelevel::
---no-allow-onelevel::
+--[no-]allow-onelevel::
Controls whether one-level refnames are accepted (i.e.,
refnames that do not contain multiple `/`-separated
components). The default is `--no-allow-onelevel`.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
index 8edcdca..ca118ac 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-checkout.txt
@@ -131,9 +131,9 @@ entries; instead, unmerged entries are ignored.
"--track" in linkgit:git-branch[1] for details.
+
If no '-b' option is given, the name of the new branch will be
-derived from the remote-tracking branch. If "remotes/" or "refs/remotes/"
-is prefixed it is stripped away, and then the part up to the
-next slash (which would be the nickname of the remote) is removed.
+derived from the remote-tracking branch, by looking at the local part of
+the refspec configured for the corresponding remote, and then stripping
+the initial part up to the "*".
This would tell us to use "hack" as the local branch when branching
off of "origin/hack" (or "remotes/origin/hack", or even
"refs/remotes/origin/hack"). If the given name has no slash, or the above
@@ -180,6 +180,12 @@ branch by running "git rm -rf ." from the top level of the working tree.
Afterwards you will be ready to prepare your new files, repopulating the
working tree, by copying them from elsewhere, extracting a tarball, etc.
+--ignore-skip-worktree-bits::
+ In sparse checkout mode, `git checkout -- <paths>` would
+ update only entries matched by <paths> and sparse patterns
+ in $GIT_DIR/info/sparse-checkout. This option ignores
+ the sparse patterns and adds back any files in <paths>.
+
-m::
--merge::
When switching branches,
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clean.txt b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
index bdc3ab8..8997922 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clean.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clean.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-clean - Remove untracked files from the working tree
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git clean' [-d] [-f] [-n] [-q] [-e <pattern>] [-x | -X] [--] <path>...
+'git clean' [-d] [-f] [-i] [-n] [-q] [-e <pattern>] [-x | -X] [--] <path>...
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -34,7 +34,13 @@ OPTIONS
-f::
--force::
If the Git configuration variable clean.requireForce is not set
- to false, 'git clean' will refuse to run unless given -f or -n.
+ to false, 'git clean' will refuse to run unless given -f, -n or
+ -i.
+
+-i::
+--interactive::
+ Show what would be done and clean files interactively. See
+ ``Interactive mode'' for details.
-n::
--dry-run::
@@ -63,6 +69,67 @@ OPTIONS
Remove only files ignored by Git. This may be useful to rebuild
everything from scratch, but keep manually created files.
+Interactive mode
+----------------
+When the command enters the interactive mode, it shows the
+files and directories to be cleaned, and goes into its
+interactive command loop.
+
+The command loop shows the list of subcommands available, and
+gives a prompt "What now> ". In general, when the prompt ends
+with a single '>', you can pick only one of the choices given
+and type return, like this:
+
+------------
+ *** Commands ***
+ 1: clean 2: filter by pattern 3: select by numbers
+ 4: ask each 5: quit 6: help
+ What now> 1
+------------
+
+You also could say `c` or `clean` above as long as the choice is unique.
+
+The main command loop has 6 subcommands.
+
+clean::
+
+ Start cleaning files and directories, and then quit.
+
+filter by pattern::
+
+ This shows the files and directories to be deleted and issues an
+ "Input ignore patterns>>" prompt. You can input space-seperated
+ patterns to exclude files and directories from deletion.
+ E.g. "*.c *.h" will excludes files end with ".c" and ".h" from
+ deletion. When you are satisfied with the filtered result, press
+ ENTER (empty) back to the main menu.
+
+select by numbers::
+
+ This shows the files and directories to be deleted and issues an
+ "Select items to delete>>" prompt. When the prompt ends with double
+ '>>' like this, you can make more than one selection, concatenated
+ with whitespace or comma. Also you can say ranges. E.g. "2-5 7,9"
+ to choose 2,3,4,5,7,9 from the list. If the second number in a
+ range is omitted, all remaining items are selected. E.g. "7-" to
+ choose 7,8,9 from the list. You can say '*' to choose everything.
+ Also when you are satisfied with the filtered result, press ENTER
+ (empty) back to the main menu.
+
+ask each::
+
+ This will start to clean, and you must confirm one by one in order
+ to delete items. Please note that this action is not as efficient
+ as the above two actions.
+
+quit::
+
+ This lets you quit without do cleaning.
+
+help::
+
+ Show brief usage of interactive git-clean.
+
SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:gitignore[5]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-clone.txt b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
index 5c16e31..450f158 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clone.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[-o <name>] [-b <name>] [-u <upload-pack>] [--reference <repository>]
[--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
[--depth <depth>] [--[no-]single-branch]
- [--recursive|--recurse-submodules] [--] <repository>
+ [--recursive | --recurse-submodules] [--] <repository>
[<directory>]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ objects from the source repository into a pack in the cloned repository.
with a long history, and would want to send in fixes
as patches.
---single-branch::
+--[no-]single-branch::
Clone only the history leading to the tip of a single branch,
either specified by the `--branch` option or the primary
branch remote's `HEAD` points at. When creating a shallow
@@ -239,8 +239,8 @@ Examples
* Clone from upstream:
+
------------
-$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/.../linux-2.6 my2.6
-$ cd my2.6
+$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/.../linux.git my-linux
+$ cd my-linux
$ make
------------
@@ -257,10 +257,10 @@ $ git show-branch
* Clone from upstream while borrowing from an existing local directory:
+
------------
-$ git clone --reference my2.6 \
- git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/.../linux-2.7 \
- my2.7
-$ cd my2.7
+$ git clone --reference /git/linux.git \
+ git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/.../linux.git \
+ my-linux
+$ cd my-linux
------------
@@ -271,13 +271,6 @@ $ git clone --bare -l /home/proj/.git /pub/scm/proj.git
------------
-* Create a repository on the kernel.org machine that borrows from Linus:
-+
-------------
-$ git clone --bare -l -s /pub/scm/.../torvalds/linux-2.6.git \
- /pub/scm/.../me/subsys-2.6.git
-------------
-
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
index 86ef56e..cafdc96 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit-tree.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,9 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git commit-tree' <tree> [(-p <parent>)...] < changelog
-'git commit-tree' [(-p <parent>)...] [(-m <message>)...] [(-F <file>)...] <tree>
+'git commit-tree' [(-p <parent>)...] [-S[<keyid>]] [(-m <message>)...]
+ [(-F <file>)...] <tree>
+
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -52,6 +54,9 @@ OPTIONS
Read the commit log message from the given file. Use `-` to read
from the standard input.
+-S[<keyid>]::
+ GPG-sign commit.
+
Commit Information
------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-commit.txt b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
index 0eb79cc..1a7616c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-commit.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-commit.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--dry-run] [(-c | -C | --fixup | --squash) <commit>]
[-F <file> | -m <msg>] [--reset-author] [--allow-empty]
[--allow-empty-message] [--no-verify] [-e] [--author=<author>]
- [--date=<date>] [--cleanup=<mode>] [--status | --no-status]
+ [--date=<date>] [--cleanup=<mode>] [--[no-]status]
[-i | -o] [-S[<keyid>]] [--] [<file>...]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -137,6 +137,8 @@ OPTIONS
-m <msg>::
--message=<msg>::
Use the given <msg> as the commit message.
+ If multiple `-m` options are given, their values are
+ concatenated as separate paragraphs.
-t <file>::
--template=<file>::
@@ -172,22 +174,31 @@ OPTIONS
linkgit:git-commit-tree[1].
--cleanup=<mode>::
- This option sets how the commit message is cleaned up.
- The '<mode>' can be one of 'verbatim', 'whitespace', 'strip',
- and 'default'. The 'default' mode will strip leading and
- trailing empty lines and #commentary from the commit message
- only if the message is to be edited. Otherwise only whitespace
- removed. The 'verbatim' mode does not change message at all,
- 'whitespace' removes just leading/trailing whitespace lines
- and 'strip' removes both whitespace and commentary. The default
- can be changed by the 'commit.cleanup' configuration variable
- (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
+ This option determines how the supplied commit message should be
+ cleaned up before committing. The '<mode>' can be `strip`,
+ `whitespace`, `verbatim`, or `default`.
++
+--
+strip::
+ Strip leading and trailing empty lines, trailing whitespace, and
+ #commentary and collapse consecutive empty lines.
+whitespace::
+ Same as `strip` except #commentary is not removed.
+verbatim::
+ Do not change the message at all.
+default::
+ Same as `strip` if the message is to be edited.
+ Otherwise `whitespace`.
+--
++
+The default can be changed by the 'commit.cleanup' configuration
+variable (see linkgit:git-config[1]).
-e::
--edit::
The message taken from file with `-F`, command line with
- `-m`, and from file with `-C` are usually used as the
- commit log message unmodified. This option lets you
+ `-m`, and from commit object with `-C` are usually used as
+ the commit log message unmodified. This option lets you
further edit the message taken from these sources.
--no-edit::
@@ -196,14 +207,15 @@ OPTIONS
without changing its commit message.
--amend::
- Used to amend the tip of the current branch. Prepare the tree
- object you would want to replace the latest commit as usual
- (this includes the usual -i/-o and explicit paths), and the
- commit log editor is seeded with the commit message from the
- tip of the current branch. The commit you create replaces the
- current tip -- if it was a merge, it will have the parents of
- the current tip as parents -- so the current top commit is
- discarded.
+ Replace the tip of the current branch by creating a new
+ commit. The recorded tree is prepared as usual (including
+ the effect of the `-i` and `-o` options and explicit
+ pathspec), and the message from the original commit is used
+ as the starting point, instead of an empty message, when no
+ other message is specified from the command line via options
+ such as `-m`, `-F`, `-c`, etc. The new commit has the same
+ parents and author as the current one (the `--reset-author`
+ option can countermand this).
+
--
It is a rough equivalent for:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-config.txt b/Documentation/git-config.txt
index 9ae2508..2dbe486 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-config.txt
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ OPTIONS
--get::
Get the value for a given key (optionally filtered by a regex
matching the value). Returns error code 1 if the key was not
- found and error code 2 if multiple key values were found.
+ found and the last value if multiple key values were found.
--get-all::
Like get, but does not fail if the number of values for the key
@@ -96,28 +96,46 @@ OPTIONS
names are not.
--global::
- For writing options: write to global ~/.gitconfig file rather than
- the repository .git/config, write to $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/config file
- if this file exists and the ~/.gitconfig file doesn't.
+ For writing options: write to global `~/.gitconfig` file
+ rather than the repository `.git/config`, write to
+ `$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/config` file if this file exists and the
+ `~/.gitconfig` file doesn't.
+
-For reading options: read only from global ~/.gitconfig and from
-$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/config rather than from all available files.
+For reading options: read only from global `~/.gitconfig` and from
+`$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/config` rather than from all available files.
+
See also <<FILES>>.
--system::
- For writing options: write to system-wide $(prefix)/etc/gitconfig
- rather than the repository .git/config.
+ For writing options: write to system-wide
+ `$(prefix)/etc/gitconfig` rather than the repository
+ `.git/config`.
+
-For reading options: read only from system-wide $(prefix)/etc/gitconfig
+For reading options: read only from system-wide `$(prefix)/etc/gitconfig`
rather than from all available files.
+
See also <<FILES>>.
+--local::
+ For writing options: write to the repository `.git/config` file.
+ This is the default behavior.
++
+For reading options: read only from the repository `.git/config` rather than
+from all available files.
++
+See also <<FILES>>.
+
-f config-file::
--file config-file::
Use the given config file instead of the one specified by GIT_CONFIG.
+--blob blob::
+ Similar to '--file' but use the given blob instead of a file. E.g.
+ you can use 'master:.gitmodules' to read values from the file
+ '.gitmodules' in the master branch. See "SPECIFYING REVISIONS"
+ section in linkgit:gitrevisions[7] for a more complete list of
+ ways to spell blob names.
+
--remove-section::
Remove the given section from the configuration file.
@@ -186,8 +204,7 @@ See also <<FILES>>.
Opens an editor to modify the specified config file; either
'--system', '--global', or repository (default).
---includes::
---no-includes::
+--[no-]includes::
Respect `include.*` directives in config files when looking up
values. Defaults to on.
@@ -198,23 +215,23 @@ FILES
If not set explicitly with '--file', there are four files where
'git config' will search for configuration options:
-$GIT_DIR/config::
- Repository specific configuration file.
-
-~/.gitconfig::
- User-specific configuration file. Also called "global"
- configuration file.
+$(prefix)/etc/gitconfig::
+ System-wide configuration file.
$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/git/config::
Second user-specific configuration file. If $XDG_CONFIG_HOME is not set
- or empty, $HOME/.config/git/config will be used. Any single-valued
+ or empty, `$HOME/.config/git/config` will be used. Any single-valued
variable set in this file will be overwritten by whatever is in
- ~/.gitconfig. It is a good idea not to create this file if
+ `~/.gitconfig`. It is a good idea not to create this file if
you sometimes use older versions of Git, as support for this
file was added fairly recently.
-$(prefix)/etc/gitconfig::
- System-wide configuration file.
+~/.gitconfig::
+ User-specific configuration file. Also called "global"
+ configuration file.
+
+$GIT_DIR/config::
+ Repository specific configuration file.
If no further options are given, all reading options will read all of these
files that are available. If the global or the system-wide configuration
@@ -222,6 +239,10 @@ file are not available they will be ignored. If the repository configuration
file is not available or readable, 'git config' will exit with a non-zero
error code. However, in neither case will an error message be issued.
+The files are read in the order given above, with last value found taking
+precedence over values read earlier. When multiple values are taken then all
+values of a key from all files will be used.
+
All writing options will per default write to the repository specific
configuration file. Note that this also affects options like '--replace-all'
and '--unset'. *'git config' will only ever change one file at a time*.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
index 23c80ce..b300e84 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-count-objects.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-count-objects - Count unpacked number of objects and their disk consumption
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git count-objects' [-v]
+'git count-objects' [-v] [-H | --human-readable]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -20,11 +20,29 @@ OPTIONS
-------
-v::
--verbose::
- In addition to the number of loose objects and disk
- space consumed, it reports the number of in-pack
- objects, number of packs, disk space consumed by those packs,
- and number of objects that can be removed by running
- `git prune-packed`.
+ Report in more detail:
++
+count: the number of loose objects
++
+size: disk space consumed by loose objects, in KiB (unless -H is specified)
++
+in-pack: the number of in-pack objects
++
+size-pack: disk space consumed by the packs, in KiB (unless -H is specified)
++
+prune-packable: the number of loose objects that are also present in
+the packs. These objects could be pruned using `git prune-packed`.
++
+garbage: the number of files in object database that are not valid
+loose objects nor valid packs
++
+size-garbage: disk space consumed by garbage files, in KiB (unless -H is
+specified)
+
+-H::
+--human-readable::
+
+Print sizes in human readable format
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential.txt b/Documentation/git-credential.txt
index 472f00f..7da0f13 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-credential.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential.txt
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@ For example, if we want a password for
`https://example.com/foo.git`, we might generate the following
credential description (don't forget the blank line at the end; it
tells `git credential` that the application finished feeding all the
-infomation it has):
+information it has):
protocol=https
host=example.com
diff --git a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
index 77da564..223f731 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-daemon.txt
@@ -16,8 +16,10 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--reuseaddr] [--detach] [--pid-file=<file>]
[--enable=<service>] [--disable=<service>]
[--allow-override=<service>] [--forbid-override=<service>]
- [--access-hook=<path>]
- [--inetd | [--listen=<host_or_ipaddr>] [--port=<n>] [--user=<user> [--group=<group>]]
+ [--access-hook=<path>] [--[no-]informative-errors]
+ [--inetd |
+ [--listen=<host_or_ipaddr>] [--port=<n>]
+ [--user=<user> [--group=<group>]]]
[<directory>...]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -147,6 +149,13 @@ OPTIONS
Giving these options is an error when used with `--inetd`; use
the facility of inet daemon to achieve the same before spawning
'git daemon' if needed.
++
+Like many programs that switch user id, the daemon does not reset
+environment variables such as `$HOME` when it runs git programs,
+e.g. `upload-pack` and `receive-pack`. When using this option, you
+may also want to set and export `HOME` to point at the home
+directory of `<user>` before starting the daemon, and make sure any
+Git configuration files in that directory are readable by `<user>`.
--enable=<service>::
--disable=<service>::
@@ -162,8 +171,7 @@ the facility of inet daemon to achieve the same before spawning
repository configuration. By default, all the services
are overridable.
---informative-errors::
---no-informative-errors::
+--[no-]informative-errors::
When informative errors are turned on, git-daemon will report
more verbose errors to the client, differentiating conditions
like "no such repository" from "repository not exported". This
diff --git a/Documentation/git-describe.txt b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
index 32da244..9439cd6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-describe.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-describe.txt
@@ -81,12 +81,18 @@ OPTIONS
that points at object deadbee....).
--match <pattern>::
- Only consider tags matching the given pattern (can be used to avoid
- leaking private tags made from the repository).
+ Only consider tags matching the given `glob(7)` pattern,
+ excluding the "refs/tags/" prefix. This can be used to avoid
+ leaking private tags from the repository.
--always::
Show uniquely abbreviated commit object as fallback.
+--first-parent::
+ Follow only the first parent commit upon seeing a merge commit.
+ This is useful when you wish to not match tags on branches merged
+ in the history of the target commit.
+
EXAMPLES
--------
@@ -148,7 +154,9 @@ is found, its name will be output and searching will stop.
If an exact match was not found, 'git describe' will walk back
through the commit history to locate an ancestor commit which
has been tagged. The ancestor's tag will be output along with an
-abbreviation of the input committish's SHA1.
+abbreviation of the input committish's SHA-1. If '--first-parent' was
+specified then the walk will only consider the first parent of each
+commit.
If multiple tags were found during the walk then the tag which
has the fewest commits different from the input committish will be
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt b/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt
index c0b7c58..a86cf62 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff-index.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-diff-index(1)
NAME
----
-git-diff-index - Compares content and mode of blobs between the index and repository
+git-diff-index - Compare a tree to the working tree or index
SYNOPSIS
@@ -13,11 +13,11 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Compares the content and mode of the blobs found via a tree
-object with the content of the current index and, optionally
-ignoring the stat state of the file on disk. When paths are
-specified, compares only those named paths. Otherwise all
-entries in the index are compared.
+Compares the content and mode of the blobs found in a tree object
+with the corresponding tracked files in the working tree, or with the
+corresponding paths in the index. When <path> arguments are present,
+compares only paths matching those patterns. Otherwise all tracked
+files are compared.
OPTIONS
-------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff.txt b/Documentation/git-diff.txt
index a7b4620..78d6d50 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff.txt
@@ -18,8 +18,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
Show changes between the working tree and the index or a tree, changes
-between the index and a tree, changes between two trees, or changes
-between two files on disk.
+between the index and a tree, changes between two trees, changes between
+two blob objects, or changes between two files on disk.
'git diff' [--options] [--] [<path>...]::
@@ -56,11 +56,6 @@ directories. This behavior can be forced by --no-index.
This is to view the changes between two arbitrary
<commit>.
-'git diff' [options] <blob> <blob>::
-
- This form is to view the differences between the raw
- contents of two blob objects.
-
'git diff' [--options] <commit>..<commit> [--] [<path>...]::
This is synonymous to the previous form. If <commit> on
@@ -87,6 +82,11 @@ and the range notations ("<commit>..<commit>" and
"<commit>\...<commit>") do not mean a range as defined in the
"SPECIFYING RANGES" section in linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
+'git diff' [options] <blob> <blob>::
+
+ This form is to view the differences between the raw
+ contents of two blob objects.
+
OPTIONS
-------
:git-diff: 1
diff --git a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
index e0e12e9..11887e6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
@@ -69,13 +69,14 @@ with custom merge tool commands and has the same value as `$MERGED`.
--tool-help::
Print a list of diff tools that may be used with `--tool`.
---symlinks::
---no-symlinks::
+--[no-]symlinks::
'git difftool''s default behavior is create symlinks to the
- working tree when run in `--dir-diff` mode.
+ working tree when run in `--dir-diff` mode and the right-hand
+ side of the comparison yields the same content as the file in
+ the working tree.
+
- Specifying `--no-symlinks` instructs 'git difftool' to create
- copies instead. `--no-symlinks` is the default on Windows.
+Specifying `--no-symlinks` instructs 'git difftool' to create copies
+instead. `--no-symlinks` is the default on Windows.
-x <command>::
--extcmd=<command>::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
index d6487e1..85f1f30 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fast-export.txt
@@ -27,15 +27,17 @@ OPTIONS
Insert 'progress' statements every <n> objects, to be shown by
'git fast-import' during import.
---signed-tags=(verbatim|warn|strip|abort)::
+--signed-tags=(verbatim|warn|warn-strip|strip|abort)::
Specify how to handle signed tags. Since any transformation
after the export can change the tag names (which can also happen
when excluding revisions) the signatures will not match.
+
When asking to 'abort' (which is the default), this program will die
-when encountering a signed tag. With 'strip', the tags will be made
-unsigned, with 'verbatim', they will be silently exported
-and with 'warn', they will be exported, but you will see a warning.
+when encountering a signed tag. With 'strip', the tags will silently
+be made unsigned, with 'warn-strip' they will be made unsigned but a
+warning will be displayed, with 'verbatim', they will be silently
+exported and with 'warn', they will be exported, but you will see a
+warning.
--tag-of-filtered-object=(abort|drop|rewrite)::
Specify how to handle tags whose tagged object is filtered out.
@@ -66,6 +68,8 @@ produced incorrect results if you gave these options.
incremental runs. As <file> is only opened and truncated
at completion, the same path can also be safely given to
\--import-marks.
+ The file will not be written if no new object has been
+ marked/exported.
--import-marks=<file>::
Before processing any input, load the marks specified in
@@ -102,11 +106,11 @@ marks the same across runs.
different from the commit's first parent).
[<git-rev-list-args>...]::
- A list of arguments, acceptable to 'git rev-parse' and
- 'git rev-list', that specifies the specific objects and references
- to export. For example, `master~10..master` causes the
- current master reference to be exported along with all objects
- added since its 10th ancestor commit.
+ A list of arguments, acceptable to 'git rev-parse' and
+ 'git rev-list', that specifies the specific objects and references
+ to export. For example, `master~10..master` causes the
+ current master reference to be exported along with all objects
+ added since its 10th ancestor commit.
EXAMPLES
--------
@@ -137,7 +141,7 @@ Limitations
-----------
Since 'git fast-import' cannot tag trees, you will not be
-able to export the linux-2.6.git repository completely, as it contains
+able to export the linux.git repository completely, as it contains
a tag referencing a tree instead of a commit.
GIT
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
index b81e90d..1e71754 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fetch-pack.txt
@@ -10,9 +10,9 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git fetch-pack' [--all] [--quiet|-q] [--keep|-k] [--thin] [--include-tag]
- [--upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>]
- [--depth=<n>] [--no-progress]
- [-v] [<host>:]<directory> [<refs>...]
+ [--upload-pack=<git-upload-pack>]
+ [--depth=<n>] [--no-progress]
+ [-v] [<host>:]<directory> [<refs>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
index dfd12c9..e4c8e82 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-filter-branch.txt
@@ -64,8 +64,11 @@ argument is always evaluated in the shell context using the 'eval' command
Prior to that, the $GIT_COMMIT environment variable will be set to contain
the id of the commit being rewritten. Also, GIT_AUTHOR_NAME,
GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL, GIT_AUTHOR_DATE, GIT_COMMITTER_NAME, GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL,
-and GIT_COMMITTER_DATE are set according to the current commit. The values
-of these variables after the filters have run, are used for the new commit.
+and GIT_COMMITTER_DATE are taken from the current commit and exported to
+the environment, in order to affect the author and committer identities of
+the replacement commit created by linkgit:git-commit-tree[1] after the
+filters have run.
+
If any evaluation of <command> returns a non-zero exit status, the whole
operation will be aborted.
@@ -329,6 +332,26 @@ git filter-branch --msg-filter '
' HEAD~10..HEAD
--------------------------------------------------------
+The `--env-filter` option can be used to modify committer and/or author
+identity. For example, if you found out that your commits have the wrong
+identity due to a misconfigured user.email, you can make a correction,
+before publishing the project, like this:
+
+--------------------------------------------------------
+git filter-branch --env-filter '
+ if test "$GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL" = "root@localhost"
+ then
+ GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL=john@example.com
+ export GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL
+ fi
+ if test "$GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL" = "root@localhost"
+ then
+ GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL=john@example.com
+ export GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL
+ fi
+' -- --all
+--------------------------------------------------------
+
To restrict rewriting to only part of the history, specify a revision
range in addition to the new branch name. The new branch name will
point to the top-most revision that a 'git rev-list' of this range
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
index 3a0f55e..bb1232a 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fmt-merge-msg.txt
@@ -35,8 +35,7 @@ OPTIONS
Do not list one-line descriptions from the actual commits being
merged.
---summary::
---no-summary::
+--[no-]summary::
Synonyms to --log and --no-log; these are deprecated and will be
removed in the future.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
index 3a62f50..e394276 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--ignore-if-in-upstream]
[--subject-prefix=Subject-Prefix] [(--reroll-count|-v) <n>]
[--to=<email>] [--cc=<email>]
- [--cover-letter] [--quiet] [--notes[=<ref>]]
+ [--[no-]cover-letter] [--quiet] [--notes[=<ref>]]
[<common diff options>]
[ <since> | <revision range> ]
@@ -187,6 +187,21 @@ will want to ensure that threading is disabled for `git send-email`.
The negated form `--no-cc` discards all `Cc:` headers added so
far (from config or command line).
+--from::
+--from=<ident>::
+ Use `ident` in the `From:` header of each commit email. If the
+ author ident of the commit is not textually identical to the
+ provided `ident`, place a `From:` header in the body of the
+ message with the original author. If no `ident` is given, use
+ the committer ident.
++
+Note that this option is only useful if you are actually sending the
+emails and want to identify yourself as the sender, but retain the
+original author (and `git am` will correctly pick up the in-body
+header). Note also that `git send-email` already handles this
+transformation for you, and this option should not be used if you are
+feeding the result to `git send-email`.
+
--add-header=<header>::
Add an arbitrary header to the email headers. This is in addition
to any configured headers, and may be used multiple times.
@@ -195,7 +210,7 @@ will want to ensure that threading is disabled for `git send-email`.
`Cc:`, and custom) headers added so far from config or command
line.
---cover-letter::
+--[no-]cover-letter::
In addition to the patches, generate a cover letter file
containing the shortlog and the overall diffstat. You can
fill in a description in the file before sending it out.
@@ -260,6 +275,7 @@ attachments, and sign off patches with configuration variables.
cc = <email>
attach [ = mime-boundary-string ]
signoff = true
+ coverletter = auto
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
index eff9188..25c431d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-fsck.txt
@@ -23,15 +23,14 @@ OPTIONS
An object to treat as the head of an unreachability trace.
+
If no objects are given, 'git fsck' defaults to using the
-index file, all SHA1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
+index file, all SHA-1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
(unless --no-reflogs is given) as heads.
--unreachable::
Print out objects that exist but that aren't reachable from any
of the reference nodes.
---dangling::
---no-dangling::
+--[no-]dangling::
Print objects that exist but that are never 'directly' used (default).
`--no-dangling` can be used to omit this information from the output.
@@ -78,8 +77,7 @@ index file, all SHA1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
a blob, the contents are written into the file, rather than
its object name.
---progress::
---no-progress::
+--[no-]progress::
Progress status is reported on the standard error stream by
default when it is attached to a terminal, unless
--no-progress or --verbose is specified. --progress forces
@@ -89,7 +87,7 @@ index file, all SHA1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
DISCUSSION
----------
-git-fsck tests SHA1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking
+git-fsck tests SHA-1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking
of the resulting reachability and everything else. It prints out any
corruption it finds (missing or bad objects), and if you use the
'--unreachable' flag it will also print out objects that exist but that
diff --git a/Documentation/git-gc.txt b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
index b370b02..2402ed6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-gc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-gc.txt
@@ -62,8 +62,9 @@ automatic consolidation of packs.
--prune=<date>::
Prune loose objects older than date (default is 2 weeks ago,
- overridable by the config variable `gc.pruneExpire`). This
- option is on by default.
+ overridable by the config variable `gc.pruneExpire`).
+ --prune=all prunes loose objects regardless of their age.
+ --prune is on by default.
--no-prune::
Do not prune any loose objects.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-grep.txt b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
index 50d46e1..8497aa4 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-grep.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-grep.txt
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[-W | --function-context]
[-f <file>] [-e] <pattern>
[--and|--or|--not|(|)|-e <pattern>...]
- [ [--exclude-standard] [--cached | --no-index | --untracked] | <tree>...]
+ [ [--[no-]exclude-standard] [--cached | --no-index | --untracked] | <tree>...]
[--] [<pathspec>...]
DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-help.txt b/Documentation/git-help.txt
index e07b6dc..b21e9d7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-help.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-help.txt
@@ -8,31 +8,45 @@ git-help - Display help information about Git
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git help' [-a|--all|-i|--info|-m|--man|-w|--web] [COMMAND]
+'git help' [-a|--all] [-g|--guide]
+ [-i|--info|-m|--man|-w|--web] [COMMAND|GUIDE]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-With no options and no COMMAND given, the synopsis of the 'git'
+With no options and no COMMAND or GUIDE given, the synopsis of the 'git'
command and a list of the most commonly used Git commands are printed
on the standard output.
-If the option '--all' or '-a' is given, then all available commands are
+If the option '--all' or '-a' is given, all available commands are
printed on the standard output.
-If a Git subcommand is named, a manual page for that subcommand is brought
-up. The 'man' program is used by default for this purpose, but this
-can be overridden by other options or configuration variables.
+If the option '--guide' or '-g' is given, a list of the useful
+Git guides is also printed on the standard output.
+
+If a command, or a guide, is given, a manual page for that command or
+guide is brought up. The 'man' program is used by default for this
+purpose, but this can be overridden by other options or configuration
+variables.
Note that `git --help ...` is identical to `git help ...` because the
former is internally converted into the latter.
+To display the linkgit:git[1] man page, use `git help git`.
+
+This page can be displayed with 'git help help' or `git help --help`
+
OPTIONS
-------
-a::
--all::
Prints all the available commands on the standard output. This
- option supersedes any other option.
+ option overrides any given command or guide name.
+
+-g::
+--guides::
+ Prints a list of useful guides on the standard output. This
+ option overrides any given command or guide name.
-i::
--info::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
index 7b1e85c..e3bcdb5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-http-backend.txt
@@ -80,7 +80,30 @@ ScriptAlias /git/ /usr/libexec/git-core/git-http-backend/
----------------------------------------------------------------
+
To enable anonymous read access but authenticated write access,
-require authorization with a LocationMatch directive:
+require authorization for both the initial ref advertisement (which we
+detect as a push via the service parameter in the query string), and the
+receive-pack invocation itself:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} service=git-receive-pack [OR]
+RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} /git-receive-pack$
+RewriteRule ^/git/ - [E=AUTHREQUIRED:yes]
+
+<LocationMatch "^/git/">
+ Order Deny,Allow
+ Deny from env=AUTHREQUIRED
+
+ AuthType Basic
+ AuthName "Git Access"
+ Require group committers
+ Satisfy Any
+ ...
+</LocationMatch>
+----------------------------------------------------------------
++
+If you do not have `mod_rewrite` available to match against the query
+string, it is sufficient to just protect `git-receive-pack` itself,
+like:
+
----------------------------------------------------------------
<LocationMatch "^/git/.*/git-receive-pack$">
@@ -91,6 +114,15 @@ require authorization with a LocationMatch directive:
</LocationMatch>
----------------------------------------------------------------
+
+In this mode, the server will not request authentication until the
+client actually starts the object negotiation phase of the push, rather
+than during the initial contact. For this reason, you must also enable
+the `http.receivepack` config option in any repositories that should
+accept a push. The default behavior, if `http.receivepack` is not set,
+is to reject any pushes by unauthenticated users; the initial request
+will therefore report `403 Forbidden` to the client, without even giving
+an opportunity for authentication.
++
To require authentication for both reads and writes, use a Location
directive around the repository, or one of its parent directories:
+
@@ -158,6 +190,54 @@ ScriptAliasMatch \
ScriptAlias /git/ /var/www/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi/
----------------------------------------------------------------
+Lighttpd::
+ Ensure that `mod_cgi`, `mod_alias, `mod_auth`, `mod_setenv` are
+ loaded, then set `GIT_PROJECT_ROOT` appropriately and redirect
+ all requests to the CGI:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+alias.url += ( "/git" => "/usr/lib/git-core/git-http-backend" )
+$HTTP["url"] =~ "^/git" {
+ cgi.assign = ("" => "")
+ setenv.add-environment = (
+ "GIT_PROJECT_ROOT" => "/var/www/git",
+ "GIT_HTTP_EXPORT_ALL" => ""
+ )
+}
+----------------------------------------------------------------
++
+To enable anonymous read access but authenticated write access:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+$HTTP["querystring"] =~ "service=git-receive-pack" {
+ include "git-auth.conf"
+}
+$HTTP["url"] =~ "^/git/.*/git-receive-pack$" {
+ include "git-auth.conf"
+}
+----------------------------------------------------------------
++
+where `git-auth.conf` looks something like:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+auth.require = (
+ "/" => (
+ "method" => "basic",
+ "realm" => "Git Access",
+ "require" => "valid-user"
+ )
+)
+# ...and set up auth.backend here
+----------------------------------------------------------------
++
+To require authentication for both reads and writes:
++
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+$HTTP["url"] =~ "^/git/private" {
+ include "git-auth.conf"
+}
+----------------------------------------------------------------
+
ENVIRONMENT
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
index 36adc5f..7a4e055 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-index-pack.txt
@@ -74,6 +74,9 @@ OPTIONS
--strict::
Die, if the pack contains broken objects or links.
+--check-self-contained-and-connected::
+ Die if the pack contains broken links. For internal use only.
+
--threads=<n>::
Specifies the number of threads to spawn when resolving
deltas. This requires that index-pack be compiled with
@@ -89,7 +92,7 @@ Note
----
Once the index has been created, the list of object names is sorted
-and the SHA1 hash of that list is printed to stdout. If --stdin was
+and the SHA-1 hash of that list is printed to stdout. If --stdin was
also used then this is prefixed by either "pack\t", or "keep\t" if a
new .keep file was successfully created. This is useful to remove a
.keep file used as a lock to prevent the race with 'git repack'
diff --git a/Documentation/git-log.txt b/Documentation/git-log.txt
index 69db578..ac2694d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-log.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-log.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-log - Show commit logs
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git log' [<options>] [<since>..<until>] [[\--] <path>...]
+'git log' [<options>] [<revision range>] [[\--] <path>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -24,13 +24,6 @@ each commit introduces are shown.
OPTIONS
-------
-<since>..<until>::
- Show only commits between the named two commits. When
- either <since> or <until> is omitted, it defaults to
- `HEAD`, i.e. the tip of the current branch.
- For a more complete list of ways to spell <since>
- and <until>, see linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
-
--follow::
Continue listing the history of a file beyond renames
(works only for a single file).
@@ -69,20 +62,42 @@ produced by --stat etc.
Note that only message is considered, if also a diff is shown
its size is not included.
+-L <start>,<end>:<file>, -L :<regex>:<file>::
+
+ Trace the evolution of the line range given by "<start>,<end>"
+ (or the funcname regex <regex>) within the <file>. You may
+ not give any pathspec limiters. This is currently limited to
+ a walk starting from a single revision, i.e., you may only
+ give zero or one positive revision arguments.
+ You can specify this option more than once.
++
+<start> and <end> can take one of these forms:
+
+include::line-range-format.txt[]
+
+<revision range>::
+ Show only commits in the specified revision range. When no
+ <revision range> is specified, it defaults to `HEAD` (i.e. the
+ whole history leading to the current commit). `origin..HEAD`
+ specifies all the commits reachable from the current commit
+ (i.e. `HEAD`), but not from `origin`. For a complete list of
+ ways to spell <revision range>, see the "Specifying Ranges"
+ section of linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
+
[\--] <path>...::
Show only commits that are enough to explain how the files
that match the specified paths came to be. See "History
Simplification" below for details and other simplification
modes.
+
-To prevent confusion with options and branch names, paths may need to
-be prefixed with "\-- " to separate them from options or refnames.
+Paths may need to be prefixed with "\-- " to separate them from
+options or the revision range, when confusion arises.
include::rev-list-options.txt[]
include::pretty-formats.txt[]
-Common diff options
+COMMON DIFF OPTIONS
-------------------
:git-log: 1
@@ -90,7 +105,7 @@ include::diff-options.txt[]
include::diff-generate-patch.txt[]
-Examples
+EXAMPLES
--------
`git log --no-merges`::
@@ -113,9 +128,9 @@ Examples
in the "release" branch, along with the list of paths
each commit modifies.
-`git log --follow builtin-rev-list.c`::
+`git log --follow builtin/rev-list.c`::
- Shows the commits that changed builtin-rev-list.c, including
+ Shows the commits that changed builtin/rev-list.c, including
those commits that occurred before the file was given its
present name.
@@ -138,15 +153,20 @@ Examples
This makes sense only when following a strict policy of merging all
topic branches when staying on a single integration branch.
+`git log -L '/int main/',/^}/:main.c`::
+
+ Shows how the function `main()` in the file 'main.c' evolved
+ over time.
+
`git log -3`::
Limits the number of commits to show to 3.
-Discussion
+DISCUSSION
----------
include::i18n.txt[]
-Configuration
+CONFIGURATION
-------------
See linkgit:git-config[1] for core variables and linkgit:git-diff[1]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
index 0bdebff..c0856a6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-files.txt
@@ -164,7 +164,7 @@ which case it outputs:
'git ls-files --unmerged' and 'git ls-files --stage' can be used to examine
detailed information on unmerged paths.
-For an unmerged path, instead of recording a single mode/SHA1 pair,
+For an unmerged path, instead of recording a single mode/SHA-1 pair,
the index records up to three such pairs; one from tree O in stage
1, A in stage 2, and B in stage 3. This information can be used by
the user (or the porcelain) to see what should eventually be recorded at the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
index 774de5e..2e22915 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-ls-remote.txt
@@ -48,9 +48,9 @@ OPTIONS
exit without talking to the remote.
<repository>::
- Location of the repository. The shorthand defined in
- $GIT_DIR/branches/ can be used. Use "." (dot) to list references in
- the local repository.
+ The "remote" repository to query. This parameter can be
+ either a URL or the name of a remote (see the GIT URLS and
+ REMOTES sections of linkgit:git-fetch[1]).
<refs>...::
When unspecified, all references, after filtering done
@@ -70,9 +70,8 @@ EXAMPLES
$ git ls-remote http://www.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git master pu rc
5fe978a5381f1fbad26a80e682ddd2a401966740 refs/heads/master
c781a84b5204fb294c9ccc79f8b3baceeb32c061 refs/heads/pu
- b1d096f2926c4e37c9c0b6a7bf2119bedaa277cb refs/heads/rc
- $ echo http://www.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git >.git/branches/public
- $ git ls-remote --tags public v\*
+ $ git remote add korg http://www.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git
+ $ git ls-remote --tags korg v\*
d6602ec5194c87b0fc87103ca4d67251c76f233a refs/tags/v0.99
f25a265a342aed6041ab0cc484224d9ca54b6f41 refs/tags/v0.99.1
c5db5456ae3b0873fc659c19fafdde22313cc441 refs/tags/v0.99.2
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
index 97e7a8e..164a3c6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ git-mailinfo - Extracts patch and authorship from a single e-mail message
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git mailinfo' [-k|-b] [-u | --encoding=<encoding> | -n] [--scissors] <msg> <patch>
+'git mailinfo' [-k|-b] [-u | --encoding=<encoding> | -n] [--[no-]scissors] <msg> <patch>
DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt
index d7db2a3..d2fc12e 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-file.txt
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[verse]
'git merge-file' [-L <current-name> [-L <base-name> [-L <other-name>]]]
[--ours|--theirs|--union] [-p|--stdout] [-q|--quiet] [--marker-size=<n>]
- <current-file> <base-file> <other-file>
+ [--[no-]diff3] <current-file> <base-file> <other-file>
DESCRIPTION
@@ -66,6 +66,9 @@ OPTIONS
-q::
Quiet; do not warn about conflicts.
+--diff3::
+ Show conflicts in "diff3" style.
+
--ours::
--theirs::
--union::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt b/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt
index 0c80cec..02676fb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge-index.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
This looks up the <file>(s) in the index and, if there are any merge
-entries, passes the SHA1 hash for those files as arguments 1, 2, 3 (empty
+entries, passes the SHA-1 hash for those files as arguments 1, 2, 3 (empty
argument if no file), and <file> as argument 4. File modes for the three
files are passed as arguments 5, 6 and 7.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge.txt b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
index c852a26..8c7f2f6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
@@ -56,8 +56,8 @@ especially if those changes were further modified after the merge
was started), 'git merge --abort' will in some cases be unable to
reconstruct the original (pre-merge) changes. Therefore:
-*Warning*: Running 'git merge' with uncommitted changes is
-discouraged: while possible, it leaves you in a state that is hard to
+*Warning*: Running 'git merge' with non-trivial uncommitted changes is
+discouraged: while possible, it may leave you in a state that is hard to
back out of in the case of a conflict.
@@ -76,8 +76,7 @@ The 'git fmt-merge-msg' command can be
used to give a good default for automated 'git merge'
invocations.
---rerere-autoupdate::
---no-rerere-autoupdate::
+--[no-]rerere-autoupdate::
Allow the rerere mechanism to update the index with the
result of auto-conflict resolution if possible.
@@ -170,6 +169,30 @@ happens:
If you tried a merge which resulted in complex conflicts and
want to start over, you can recover with `git merge --abort`.
+MERGING TAG
+-----------
+
+When merging an annotated (and possibly signed) tag, Git always
+creates a merge commit even if a fast-forward merge is possible, and
+the commit message template is prepared with the tag message.
+Additionally, if the tag is signed, the signature check is reported
+as a comment in the message template. See also linkgit:git-tag[1].
+
+When you want to just integrate with the work leading to the commit
+that happens to be tagged, e.g. synchronizing with an upstream
+release point, you may not want to make an unnecessary merge commit.
+
+In such a case, you can "unwrap" the tag yourself before feeding it
+to `git merge`, or pass `--ff-only` when you do not have any work on
+your own. e.g.
+
+---
+git fetch origin
+git merge v1.2.3^0
+git merge --ff-only v1.2.3
+---
+
+
HOW CONFLICTS ARE PRESENTED
---------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt b/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
index 6b563c5..07137f2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-mergetool.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-mergetool - Run merge conflict resolution tools to resolve merge conflicts
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git mergetool' [--tool=<tool>] [-y|--no-prompt|--prompt] [<file>...]
+'git mergetool' [--tool=<tool>] [-y | --[no-]prompt] [<file>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt b/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt
index ad1d146..15b00e0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-name-rev.txt
@@ -25,14 +25,17 @@ OPTIONS
Do not use branch names, but only tags to name the commits
--refs=<pattern>::
- Only use refs whose names match a given shell pattern.
+ Only use refs whose names match a given shell pattern. The pattern
+ can be one of branch name, tag name or fully qualified ref name.
--all::
List all commits reachable from all refs
--stdin::
- Read from stdin, append "(<rev_name>)" to all sha1's of nameable
- commits, and pass to stdout
+ Transform stdin by substituting all the 40-character SHA-1
+ hexes (say $hex) with "$hex ($rev_name)". When used with
+ --name-only, substitute with "$rev_name", omitting $hex
+ altogether. Intended for the scripter's use.
--name-only::
Instead of printing both the SHA-1 and the name, print only
diff --git a/Documentation/git-p4.txt b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
index c579fbc..8cba16d 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-p4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-p4.txt
@@ -176,13 +176,16 @@ Sync options
These options can be used in the initial 'clone' as well as in
subsequent 'sync' operations.
---branch <branch>::
- Import changes into given branch. If the branch starts with
- 'refs/', it will be used as is. Otherwise if it does not start
- with 'p4/', that prefix is added. The branch is assumed to
- name a remote tracking, but this can be modified using
- '--import-local', or by giving a full ref name. The default
- branch is 'master'.
+--branch <ref>::
+ Import changes into <ref> instead of refs/remotes/p4/master.
+ If <ref> starts with refs/, it is used as is. Otherwise, if
+ it does not start with p4/, that prefix is added.
++
+By default a <ref> not starting with refs/ is treated as the
+name of a remote-tracking branch (under refs/remotes/). This
+behavior can be modified using the --import-local option.
++
+The default <ref> is "master".
+
This example imports a new remote "p4/proj2" into an existing
Git repository:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
index 69c9313..d94edcd 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-objects.txt
@@ -50,7 +50,7 @@ base-name::
Write into a pair of files (.pack and .idx), using
<base-name> to determine the name of the created file.
When this option is used, the two files are written in
- <base-name>-<SHA1>.{pack,idx} files. <SHA1> is a hash
+ <base-name>-<SHA-1>.{pack,idx} files. <SHA-1> is a hash
of the sorted object names to make the resulting filename
based on the pack content, and written to the standard
output of the command.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pack-refs.txt b/Documentation/git-pack-refs.txt
index f131677..154081f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pack-refs.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pack-refs.txt
@@ -33,8 +33,8 @@ Subsequent updates to branches always create new files under
`$GIT_DIR/refs` directory hierarchy.
A recommended practice to deal with a repository with too many
-refs is to pack its refs with `--all --prune` once, and
-occasionally run `git pack-refs --prune`. Tags are by
+refs is to pack its refs with `--all` once, and
+occasionally run `git pack-refs`. Tags are by
definition stationary and are not expected to change. Branch
heads will be packed with the initial `pack-refs --all`, but
only the currently active branch heads will become unpacked,
diff --git a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
index 90268f0..312c3b1 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-patch-id.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-A "patch ID" is nothing but a SHA1 of the diff associated with a patch, with
+A "patch ID" is nothing but a SHA-1 of the diff associated with a patch, with
whitespace and line numbers ignored. As such, it's "reasonably stable", but at
the same time also reasonably unique, i.e., two patches that have the same "patch
ID" are almost guaranteed to be the same thing.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-prune.txt b/Documentation/git-prune.txt
index 80d01b0..bf82410 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-prune.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-prune.txt
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ borrows from your repository via its
`.git/objects/info/alternates`:
------------
-$ git prune $(cd ../another && $(git rev-parse --all))
+$ git prune $(cd ../another && git rev-parse --all)
------------
Notes
diff --git a/Documentation/git-pull.txt b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
index c975743..6ef8d59 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-pull.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-pull.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ git-pull(1)
NAME
----
-git-pull - Fetch from and merge with another repository or a local branch
+git-pull - Fetch from and integrate with another repository or a local branch
SYNOPSIS
@@ -218,7 +218,7 @@ $ git merge origin/next
------------------------------------------------
-If you tried a pull which resulted in a complex conflicts and
+If you tried a pull which resulted in complex conflicts and
would want to start over, you can recover with 'git reset'.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-push.txt b/Documentation/git-push.txt
index 1398025..f7dfe48 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-push.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-push.txt
@@ -9,9 +9,9 @@ git-push - Update remote refs along with associated objects
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git push' [--all | --mirror | --tags] [-n | --dry-run] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
+'git push' [--all | --mirror | --tags] [--follow-tags] [-n | --dry-run] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
[--repo=<repository>] [-f | --force] [--prune] [-v | --verbose] [-u | --set-upstream]
- [<repository> [<refspec>...]]
+ [--no-verify] [<repository> [<refspec>...]]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -23,6 +23,17 @@ You can make interesting things happen to a repository
every time you push into it, by setting up 'hooks' there. See
documentation for linkgit:git-receive-pack[1].
+When the command line does not specify where to push with the
+`<repository>` argument, `branch.*.remote` configuration for the
+current branch is consulted to determine where to push. If the
+configuration is missing, it defaults to 'origin'.
+
+When the command line does not specify what to push with `<refspec>...`
+arguments or `--all`, `--mirror`, `--tags` options, the command finds
+the default `<refspec>` by consulting `remote.*.push` configuration,
+and if it is not found, honors `push.default` configuration to decide
+what to push (See gitlink:git-config[1] for the meaning of `push.default`).
+
OPTIONS[[OPTIONS]]
------------------
@@ -33,13 +44,10 @@ OPTIONS[[OPTIONS]]
of a remote (see the section <<REMOTES,REMOTES>> below).
<refspec>...::
+ Specify what destination ref to update with what source object.
The format of a <refspec> parameter is an optional plus
- `+`, followed by the source ref <src>, followed
+ `+`, followed by the source object <src>, followed
by a colon `:`, followed by the destination ref <dst>.
- It is used to specify with what <src> object the <dst> ref
- in the remote repository is to be updated. If not specified,
- the behavior of the command is controlled by the `push.default`
- configuration variable.
+
The <src> is often the name of the branch you would want to push, but
it can be any arbitrary "SHA-1 expression", such as `master~4` or
@@ -66,10 +74,7 @@ the remote repository.
The special refspec `:` (or `+:` to allow non-fast-forward updates)
directs Git to push "matching" branches: for every branch that exists on
the local side, the remote side is updated if a branch of the same name
-already exists on the remote side. This is the default operation mode
-if no explicit refspec is found (that is neither on the command line
-nor in any Push line of the corresponding remotes file---see below) and
-no `push.default` configuration variable is set.
+already exists on the remote side.
--all::
Instead of naming each ref to push, specifies that all
@@ -112,6 +117,12 @@ no `push.default` configuration variable is set.
addition to refspecs explicitly listed on the command
line.
+--follow-tags::
+ Push all the refs that would be pushed without this option,
+ and also push annotated tags in `refs/tags` that are missing
+ from the remote but are pointing at committish that are
+ reachable from the refs being pushed.
+
--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>::
--exec=<git-receive-pack>::
Path to the 'git-receive-pack' program on the remote
@@ -125,6 +136,15 @@ no `push.default` configuration variable is set.
not an ancestor of the local ref used to overwrite it.
This flag disables the check. This can cause the
remote repository to lose commits; use it with care.
+ Note that `--force` applies to all the refs that are pushed,
+ hence using it with `push.default` set to `matching` or with
+ multiple push destinations configured with `remote.*.push`
+ may overwrite refs other than the current branch (including
+ local refs that are strictly behind their remote counterpart).
+ To force a push to only one branch, use a `+` in front of the
+ refspec to push (e.g `git push origin +master` to force a push
+ to the `master` branch). See the `<refspec>...` section above
+ for details.
--repo=<repository>::
This option is only relevant if no <repository> argument is
@@ -151,8 +171,7 @@ useful if you write an alias or script around 'git push'.
linkgit:git-pull[1] and other commands. For more information,
see 'branch.<name>.merge' in linkgit:git-config[1].
---thin::
---no-thin::
+--[no-]thin::
These options are passed to linkgit:git-send-pack[1]. A thin transfer
significantly reduces the amount of sent data when the sender and
receiver share many of the same objects in common. The default is
@@ -185,6 +204,11 @@ useful if you write an alias or script around 'git push'.
be pushed. If on-demand was not able to push all necessary
revisions it will also be aborted and exit with non-zero status.
+--[no-]verify::
+ Toggle the pre-push hook (see linkgit:githooks[5]). The
+ default is \--verify, giving the hook a chance to prevent the
+ push. With \--no-verify, the hook is bypassed completely.
+
include::urls-remotes.txt[]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
index aca8405..6b2e1c8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rebase.txt
@@ -208,6 +208,9 @@ rebase.stat::
rebase.autosquash::
If set to true enable '--autosquash' option by default.
+rebase.autostash::
+ If set to true enable '--autostash' option by default.
+
OPTIONS
-------
--onto <newbase>::
@@ -386,7 +389,9 @@ squash/fixup series.
the same ..., automatically modify the todo list of rebase -i
so that the commit marked for squashing comes right after the
commit to be modified, and change the action of the moved
- commit from `pick` to `squash` (or `fixup`).
+ commit from `pick` to `squash` (or `fixup`). Ignores subsequent
+ "fixup! " or "squash! " after the first, in case you referred to an
+ earlier fixup/squash with `git commit --fixup/--squash`.
+
This option is only valid when the '--interactive' option is used.
+
@@ -394,6 +399,13 @@ If the '--autosquash' option is enabled by default using the
configuration variable `rebase.autosquash`, this option can be
used to override and disable this setting.
+--[no-]autostash::
+ Automatically create a temporary stash before the operation
+ begins, and apply it after the operation ends. This means
+ that you can run rebase on a dirty worktree. However, use
+ with care: the final stash application after a successful
+ rebase might result in non-trivial conflicts.
+
--no-ff::
With --interactive, cherry-pick all rebased commits instead of
fast-forwarding over the unchanged ones. This ensures that the
diff --git a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
index fb8697e..70791b9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reflog.txt
@@ -67,14 +67,19 @@ them.
--expire=<time>::
Entries older than this time are pruned. Without the
option it is taken from configuration `gc.reflogExpire`,
- which in turn defaults to 90 days.
+ which in turn defaults to 90 days. --expire=all prunes
+ entries regardless of their age; --expire=never turns off
+ pruning of reachable entries (but see --expire-unreachable).
--expire-unreachable=<time>::
Entries older than this time and not reachable from
the current tip of the branch are pruned. Without the
option it is taken from configuration
`gc.reflogExpireUnreachable`, which in turn defaults to
- 30 days.
+ 30 days. --expire-unreachable=all prunes unreachable
+ entries regardless of their age; --expire-unreachable=never
+ turns off early pruning of unreachable entries (but see
+ --expire).
--all::
Instead of listing <refs> explicitly, prune all refs.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt b/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
index 58b7fac..8cfc748 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote-ext.txt
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ begins with `ext::`. Examples:
edit .ssh/config.
"ext::socat -t3600 - ABSTRACT-CONNECT:/git-server %G/somerepo"::
- Represents repository with path /somerepo accessable over
+ Represents repository with path /somerepo accessible over
git protocol at abstract namespace address /git-server.
"ext::git-server-alias foo %G/repo"::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-remote.txt b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
index e8c396b..9c3e3bf 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-remote.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-remote.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git remote' [-v | --verbose]
-'git remote add' [-t <branch>] [-m <master>] [-f] [--tags|--no-tags] [--mirror=<fetch|push>] <name> <url>
+'git remote add' [-t <branch>] [-m <master>] [-f] [--[no-]tags] [--mirror=<fetch|push>] <name> <url>
'git remote rename' <old> <new>
'git remote remove' <name>
'git remote set-head' <name> (-a | -d | <branch>)
@@ -18,8 +18,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git remote set-url' [--push] <name> <newurl> [<oldurl>]
'git remote set-url --add' [--push] <name> <newurl>
'git remote set-url --delete' [--push] <name> <url>
-'git remote' [-v | --verbose] 'show' [-n] <name>
-'git remote prune' [-n | --dry-run] <name>
+'git remote' [-v | --verbose] 'show' [-n] <name>...
+'git remote prune' [-n | --dry-run] <name>...
'git remote' [-v | --verbose] 'update' [-p | --prune] [(<group> | <remote>)...]
DESCRIPTION
@@ -187,18 +187,25 @@ Examples
$ git remote
origin
$ git branch -r
-origin/master
-$ git remote add linux-nfs git://linux-nfs.org/pub/linux/nfs-2.6.git
+ origin/HEAD -> origin/master
+ origin/master
+$ git remote add staging git://git.kernel.org/.../gregkh/staging.git
$ git remote
-linux-nfs
origin
-$ git fetch
-* refs/remotes/linux-nfs/master: storing branch 'master' ...
- commit: bf81b46
+staging
+$ git fetch staging
+...
+From git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/staging
+ * [new branch] master -> staging/master
+ * [new branch] staging-linus -> staging/staging-linus
+ * [new branch] staging-next -> staging/staging-next
$ git branch -r
-origin/master
-linux-nfs/master
-$ git checkout -b nfs linux-nfs/master
+ origin/HEAD -> origin/master
+ origin/master
+ staging/master
+ staging/staging-linus
+ staging/staging-next
+$ git checkout -b staging staging/master
...
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-replace.txt b/Documentation/git-replace.txt
index 0142cd1..e0b4057 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-replace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-replace.txt
@@ -16,8 +16,8 @@ DESCRIPTION
-----------
Adds a 'replace' reference in `refs/replace/` namespace.
-The name of the 'replace' reference is the SHA1 of the object that is
-replaced. The content of the 'replace' reference is the SHA1 of the
+The name of the 'replace' reference is the SHA-1 of the object that is
+replaced. The content of the 'replace' reference is the SHA-1 of the
replacement object.
Unless `-f` is given, the 'replace' reference must not yet exist.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-reset.txt b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
index a404b47..f445cb3 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reset.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git reset' [-q] [<tree-ish>] [--] <paths>...
-'git reset' (--patch | -p) [<tree-sh>] [--] [<paths>...]
+'git reset' (--patch | -p) [<tree-ish>] [--] [<paths>...]
'git reset' [--soft | --mixed | --hard | --merge | --keep] [-q] [<commit>]
DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
index 65ac27e..045b37b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-list.txt
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
[ \--right-only ]
[ \--cherry-mark ]
[ \--cherry-pick ]
- [ \--encoding[=<encoding>] ]
+ [ \--encoding=<encoding> ]
[ \--(author|committer|grep)=<pattern> ]
[ \--regexp-ignore-case | -i ]
[ \--extended-regexp | -E ]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
index 10a116f..d068a65 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
@@ -24,9 +24,23 @@ distinguish between them.
OPTIONS
-------
+
+Operation Modes
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Each of these options must appear first on the command line.
+
--parseopt::
Use 'git rev-parse' in option parsing mode (see PARSEOPT section below).
+--sq-quote::
+ Use 'git rev-parse' in shell quoting mode (see SQ-QUOTE
+ section below). In contrast to the `--sq` option below, this
+ mode does only quoting. Nothing else is done to command input.
+
+Options for --parseopt
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
--keep-dashdash::
Only meaningful in `--parseopt` mode. Tells the option parser to echo
out the first `--` met instead of skipping it.
@@ -36,10 +50,8 @@ OPTIONS
the first non-option argument. This can be used to parse sub-commands
that take options themselves.
---sq-quote::
- Use 'git rev-parse' in shell quoting mode (see SQ-QUOTE
- section below). In contrast to the `--sq` option below, this
- mode does only quoting. Nothing else is done to command input.
+Options for Filtering
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
--revs-only::
Do not output flags and parameters not meant for
@@ -55,13 +67,43 @@ OPTIONS
--no-flags::
Do not output flag parameters.
+Options for Output
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
--default <arg>::
If there is no parameter given by the user, use `<arg>`
instead.
+--prefix <arg>::
+ Behave as if 'git rev-parse' was invoked from the `<arg>`
+ subdirectory of the working tree. Any relative filenames are
+ resolved as if they are prefixed by `<arg>` and will be printed
+ in that form.
++
+This can be used to convert arguments to a command run in a subdirectory
+so that they can still be used after moving to the top-level of the
+repository. For example:
++
+----
+prefix=$(git rev-parse --show-prefix)
+cd "$(git rev-parse --show-toplevel)"
+eval "set -- $(git rev-parse --sq --prefix "$prefix" "$@")"
+----
+
--verify::
- The parameter given must be usable as a single, valid
- object name. Otherwise barf and abort.
+ Verify that exactly one parameter is provided, and that it
+ can be turned into a raw 20-byte SHA-1 that can be used to
+ access the object database. If so, emit it to the standard
+ output; otherwise, error out.
++
+If you want to make sure that the output actually names an object in
+your object database and/or can be used as a specific type of object
+you require, you can add "^{type}" peeling operator to the parameter.
+For example, `git rev-parse "$VAR^{commit}"` will make sure `$VAR`
+names an existing object that is a commit-ish (i.e. a commit, or an
+annotated tag that points at a commit). To make sure that `$VAR`
+names an existing object of any type, `git rev-parse "$VAR^{object}"`
+can be used.
-q::
--quiet::
@@ -83,8 +125,19 @@ OPTIONS
strip '{caret}' prefix from the object names that already have
one.
+--abbrev-ref[=(strict|loose)]::
+ A non-ambiguous short name of the objects name.
+ The option core.warnAmbiguousRefs is used to select the strict
+ abbreviation mode.
+
+--short::
+--short=number::
+ Instead of outputting the full SHA-1 values of object names try to
+ abbreviate them to a shorter unique name. When no length is specified
+ 7 is used. The minimum length is 4.
+
--symbolic::
- Usually the object names are output in SHA1 form (with
+ Usually the object names are output in SHA-1 form (with
possible '{caret}' prefix); this option makes them output in a
form as close to the original input as possible.
@@ -96,16 +149,8 @@ OPTIONS
unfortunately named tag "master"), and show them as full
refnames (e.g. "refs/heads/master").
---abbrev-ref[=(strict|loose)]::
- A non-ambiguous short name of the objects name.
- The option core.warnAmbiguousRefs is used to select the strict
- abbreviation mode.
-
---disambiguate=<prefix>::
- Show every object whose name begins with the given prefix.
- The <prefix> must be at least 4 hexadecimal digits long to
- avoid listing each and every object in the repository by
- mistake.
+Options for Objects
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
--all::
Show all refs found in `refs/`.
@@ -128,18 +173,20 @@ shown. If the pattern does not contain a globbing character (`?`,
character (`?`, `*`, or `[`), it is turned into a prefix
match by appending `/*`.
---show-toplevel::
- Show the absolute path of the top-level directory.
+--disambiguate=<prefix>::
+ Show every object whose name begins with the given prefix.
+ The <prefix> must be at least 4 hexadecimal digits long to
+ avoid listing each and every object in the repository by
+ mistake.
---show-prefix::
- When the command is invoked from a subdirectory, show the
- path of the current directory relative to the top-level
- directory.
+Options for Files
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
---show-cdup::
- When the command is invoked from a subdirectory, show the
- path of the top-level directory relative to the current
- directory (typically a sequence of "../", or an empty string).
+--local-env-vars::
+ List the GIT_* environment variables that are local to the
+ repository (e.g. GIT_DIR or GIT_WORK_TREE, but not GIT_EDITOR).
+ Only the names of the variables are listed, not their value,
+ even if they are set.
--git-dir::
Show `$GIT_DIR` if defined. Otherwise show the path to
@@ -161,17 +208,27 @@ print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
--is-bare-repository::
When the repository is bare print "true", otherwise "false".
---local-env-vars::
- List the GIT_* environment variables that are local to the
- repository (e.g. GIT_DIR or GIT_WORK_TREE, but not GIT_EDITOR).
- Only the names of the variables are listed, not their value,
- even if they are set.
+--resolve-git-dir <path>::
+ Check if <path> is a valid repository or a gitfile that
+ points at a valid repository, and print the location of the
+ repository. If <path> is a gitfile then the resolved path
+ to the real repository is printed.
---short::
---short=number::
- Instead of outputting the full SHA1 values of object names try to
- abbreviate them to a shorter unique name. When no length is specified
- 7 is used. The minimum length is 4.
+--show-cdup::
+ When the command is invoked from a subdirectory, show the
+ path of the top-level directory relative to the current
+ directory (typically a sequence of "../", or an empty string).
+
+--show-prefix::
+ When the command is invoked from a subdirectory, show the
+ path of the current directory relative to the top-level
+ directory.
+
+--show-toplevel::
+ Show the absolute path of the top-level directory.
+
+Other Options
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~
--since=datestring::
--after=datestring::
@@ -186,12 +243,6 @@ print a message to stderr and exit with nonzero status.
<args>...::
Flags and parameters to be parsed.
---resolve-git-dir <path>::
- Check if <path> is a valid repository or a gitfile that
- points at a valid repository, and print the location of the
- repository. If <path> is a gitfile then the resolved path
- to the real repository is printed.
-
include::revisions.txt[]
@@ -308,12 +359,12 @@ $ git rev-parse --verify HEAD
* Print the commit object name from the revision in the $REV shell variable:
+
------------
-$ git rev-parse --verify $REV
+$ git rev-parse --verify $REV^{commit}
------------
+
This will error out if $REV is empty or not a valid revision.
-* Same as above:
+* Similar to above:
+
------------
$ git rev-parse --default master --verify $REV
diff --git a/Documentation/git-revert.txt b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
index 70152e8..f79c9d8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-revert.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-revert.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ git-revert - Revert some existing commits
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git revert' [--edit | --no-edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] <commit>...
+'git revert' [--[no-]edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] <commit>...
'git revert' --continue
'git revert' --quit
'git revert' --abort
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rm.txt b/Documentation/git-rm.txt
index 92bac27..1d876c2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rm.txt
@@ -149,6 +149,10 @@ files that aren't ignored are present in the submodules work tree.
Ignored files are deemed expendable and won't stop a submodule's work
tree from being removed.
+If you only want to remove the local checkout of a submodule from your
+work tree without committing the removal,
+use linkgit:git-submodule[1] `deinit` instead.
+
EXAMPLES
--------
`git rm Documentation/\*.txt`::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
index 44a1f7c..f0e57a5 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-send-email.txt
@@ -45,8 +45,9 @@ Composing
~~~~~~~~~
--annotate::
- Review and edit each patch you're about to send. See the
- CONFIGURATION section for 'sendemail.multiedit'.
+ Review and edit each patch you're about to send. Default is the value
+ of 'sendemail.annotate'. See the CONFIGURATION section for
+ 'sendemail.multiedit'.
--bcc=<address>::
Specify a "Bcc:" value for each email. Default is the value of
@@ -164,8 +165,8 @@ Sending
Furthermore, passwords need not be specified in configuration files
or on the command line. If a username has been specified (with
'--smtp-user' or a 'sendemail.smtpuser'), but no password has been
-specified (with '--smtp-pass' or 'sendemail.smtppass'), then the
-user is prompted for a password while the input is masked for privacy.
+specified (with '--smtp-pass' or 'sendemail.smtppass'), then
+a password is obtained using 'git-credential'.
--smtp-server=<host>::
If set, specifies the outgoing SMTP server to use (e.g.
@@ -197,6 +198,12 @@ must be used for each option.
--smtp-ssl::
Legacy alias for '--smtp-encryption ssl'.
+--smtp-ssl-cert-path::
+ Path to ca-certificates (either a directory or a single file).
+ Set it to an empty string to disable certificate verification.
+ Defaults to the value set to the 'sendemail.smtpsslcertpath'
+ configuration variable, if set, or `/etc/ssl/certs` otherwise.
+
--smtp-user=<user>::
Username for SMTP-AUTH. Default is the value of 'sendemail.smtpuser';
if a username is not specified (with '--smtp-user' or 'sendemail.smtpuser'),
diff --git a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
index 6a9f66d..5d709d0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-sh-setup.txt
@@ -82,6 +82,12 @@ get_author_ident_from_commit::
outputs code for use with eval to set the GIT_AUTHOR_NAME,
GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL and GIT_AUTHOR_DATE variables for a given commit.
+create_virtual_base::
+ modifies the first file so only lines in common with the
+ second file remain. If there is insufficient common material,
+ then the first file is left empty. The result is suitable
+ as a virtual base input for a 3-way merge.
+
GIT
---
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Documentation/git-shell.txt b/Documentation/git-shell.txt
index 9b92506..c35051b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-shell.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-shell.txt
@@ -9,25 +9,81 @@ git-shell - Restricted login shell for Git-only SSH access
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-'git shell' [-c <command> <argument>]
+'chsh' -s $(command -v git-shell) <user>
+'git clone' <user>`@localhost:/path/to/repo.git`
+'ssh' <user>`@localhost`
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-A login shell for SSH accounts to provide restricted Git access. When
-'-c' is given, the program executes <command> non-interactively;
-<command> can be one of 'git receive-pack', 'git upload-pack', 'git
-upload-archive', 'cvs server', or a command in COMMAND_DIR. The shell
-is started in interactive mode when no arguments are given; in this
-case, COMMAND_DIR must exist, and any of the executables in it can be
-invoked.
+This is a login shell for SSH accounts to provide restricted Git access.
+It permits execution only of server-side Git commands implementing the
+pull/push functionality, plus custom commands present in a subdirectory
+named `git-shell-commands` in the user's home directory.
-'cvs server' is a special command which executes git-cvsserver.
+COMMANDS
+--------
+
+'git shell' accepts the following commands after the '-c' option:
+
+'git receive-pack <argument>'::
+'git upload-pack <argument>'::
+'git upload-archive <argument>'::
+ Call the corresponding server-side command to support
+ the client's 'git push', 'git fetch', or 'git archive --remote'
+ request.
+'cvs server'::
+ Imitate a CVS server. See linkgit:git-cvsserver[1].
+
+If a `~/git-shell-commands` directory is present, 'git shell' will
+also handle other, custom commands by running
+"`git-shell-commands/<command> <arguments>`" from the user's home
+directory.
+
+INTERACTIVE USE
+---------------
+
+By default, the commands above can be executed only with the '-c'
+option; the shell is not interactive.
-COMMAND_DIR is the path "$HOME/git-shell-commands". The user must have
-read and execute permissions to the directory in order to execute the
-programs in it. The programs are executed with a cwd of $HOME, and
-<argument> is parsed as a command-line string.
+If a `~/git-shell-commands` directory is present, 'git shell'
+can also be run interactively (with no arguments). If a `help`
+command is present in the `git-shell-commands` directory, it is
+run to provide the user with an overview of allowed actions. Then a
+"git> " prompt is presented at which one can enter any of the
+commands from the `git-shell-commands` directory, or `exit` to close
+the connection.
+
+Generally this mode is used as an administrative interface to allow
+users to list repositories they have access to, create, delete, or
+rename repositories, or change repository descriptions and
+permissions.
+
+If a `no-interactive-login` command exists, then it is run and the
+interactive shell is aborted.
+
+EXAMPLE
+-------
+
+To disable interactive logins, displaying a greeting instead:
++
+----------------
+$ chsh -s /usr/bin/git-shell
+$ mkdir $HOME/git-shell-commands
+$ cat >$HOME/git-shell-commands/no-interactive-login <<\EOF
+#!/bin/sh
+printf '%s\n' "Hi $USER! You've successfully authenticated, but I do not"
+printf '%s\n' "provide interactive shell access."
+exit 128
+EOF
+$ chmod +x $HOME/git-shell-commands/no-interactive-login
+----------------
+
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+ssh(1),
+linkgit:git-daemon[1],
+contrib/git-shell-commands/README
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt b/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
index c308e91..31af7f2 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-shortlog.txt
@@ -8,8 +8,8 @@ git-shortlog - Summarize 'git log' output
SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
-git log --pretty=short | 'git shortlog' [-h] [-n] [-s] [-e] [-w]
-'git shortlog' [-n|--numbered] [-s|--summary] [-e|--email] [-w[<width>[,<indent1>[,<indent2>]]]] <commit>...
+git log --pretty=short | 'git shortlog' [<options>]
+'git shortlog' [<options>] [<revision range>] [[\--] <path>...]
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -26,10 +26,6 @@ reference to the current repository.
OPTIONS
-------
--h::
---help::
- Print a short usage message and exit.
-
-n::
--numbered::
Sort output according to the number of commits per author instead
@@ -60,6 +56,21 @@ OPTIONS
If width is `0` (zero) then indent the lines of the output without wrapping
them.
+<revision range>::
+ Show only commits in the specified revision range. When no
+ <revision range> is specified, it defaults to `HEAD` (i.e. the
+ whole history leading to the current commit). `origin..HEAD`
+ specifies all the commits reachable from the current commit
+ (i.e. `HEAD`), but not from `origin`. For a complete list of
+ ways to spell <revision range>, see the "Specifying Ranges"
+ section of linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
+
+[\--] <path>...::
+ Consider only commits that are enough to explain how the files
+ that match the specified paths came to be.
++
+Paths may need to be prefixed with "\-- " to separate them from
+options or the revision range, when confusion arises.
MAPPING AUTHORS
---------------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt b/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
index a8e77b5..a515648 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-branch.txt
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ no <rev> nor <glob> is given on the command line.
OPTIONS
-------
<rev>::
- Arbitrary extended SHA1 expression (see linkgit:gitrevisions[7])
+ Arbitrary extended SHA-1 expression (see linkgit:gitrevisions[7])
that typically names a branch head or a tag.
<glob>::
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ displayed, indented N places. If a commit is on the I-th
branch, the I-th indentation character shows a `+` sign;
otherwise it shows a space. Merge commits are denoted by
a `-` sign. Each commit shows a short name that
-can be used as an extended SHA1 to name that commit.
+can be used as an extended SHA-1 to name that commit.
The following example shows three branches, "master", "fixes"
and "mhf":
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-index.txt b/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
index 9cbbed9..fbdc8ad 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-index.txt
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ Reads given idx file for packed Git archive created with
The information it outputs is subset of what you can get from
'git verify-pack -v'; this command only shows the packfile
-offset and SHA1 of each object.
+offset and SHA-1 of each object.
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
index 5dbcd47..b0a309b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show-ref.txt
@@ -21,6 +21,8 @@ commit IDs. Results can be filtered using a pattern and tags can be
dereferenced into object IDs. Additionally, it can be used to test whether a
particular ref exists.
+By default, shows the tags, heads, and remote refs.
+
The --exclude-existing form is a filter that does the inverse, it shows the
refs from stdin that don't exist in the local repository.
@@ -32,14 +34,14 @@ OPTIONS
--head::
- Show the HEAD reference.
+ Show the HEAD reference, even if it would normally be filtered out.
--tags::
--heads::
- Limit to only "refs/heads" and "refs/tags", respectively. These
- options are not mutually exclusive; when given both, references stored
- in "refs/heads" and "refs/tags" are displayed.
+ Limit to "refs/heads" and "refs/tags", respectively. These options
+ are not mutually exclusive; when given both, references stored in
+ "refs/heads" and "refs/tags" are displayed.
-d::
--dereference::
@@ -50,8 +52,8 @@ OPTIONS
-s::
--hash[=<n>]::
- Only show the SHA1 hash, not the reference name. When combined with
- --dereference the dereferenced tag will still be shown after the SHA1.
+ Only show the SHA-1 hash, not the reference name. When combined with
+ --dereference the dereferenced tag will still be shown after the SHA-1.
--verify::
diff --git a/Documentation/git-show.txt b/Documentation/git-show.txt
index ae4edcc..4e617e6 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-show.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-show.txt
@@ -45,6 +45,15 @@ include::pretty-options.txt[]
include::pretty-formats.txt[]
+COMMON DIFF OPTIONS
+-------------------
+
+:git-log: 1
+include::diff-options.txt[]
+
+include::diff-generate-patch.txt[]
+
+
EXAMPLES
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-stash.txt b/Documentation/git-stash.txt
index 711ffe1..db7e803 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-stash.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-stash.txt
@@ -13,10 +13,11 @@ SYNOPSIS
'git stash' drop [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
'git stash' ( pop | apply ) [--index] [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
'git stash' branch <branchname> [<stash>]
-'git stash' [save [--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-q|--quiet]
+'git stash' [save [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-q|--quiet]
[-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [<message>]]
'git stash' clear
-'git stash' create
+'git stash' create [<message>]
+'git stash' store [-m|--message <message>] [-q|--quiet] <commit>
DESCRIPTION
-----------
@@ -151,7 +152,15 @@ create::
Create a stash (which is a regular commit object) and return its
object name, without storing it anywhere in the ref namespace.
+ This is intended to be useful for scripts. It is probably not
+ the command you want to use; see "save" above.
+store::
+
+ Store a given stash created via 'git stash create' (which is a
+ dangling merge commit) in the stash ref, updating the stash
+ reflog. This is intended to be useful for scripts. It is
+ probably not the command you want to use; see "save" above.
DISCUSSION
----------
diff --git a/Documentation/git-status.txt b/Documentation/git-status.txt
index 0412c40..9046df9 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-status.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-status.txt
@@ -46,15 +46,21 @@ OPTIONS
Show untracked files.
+
The mode parameter is optional (defaults to 'all'), and is used to
-specify the handling of untracked files; when -u is not used, the
-default is 'normal', i.e. show untracked files and directories.
+specify the handling of untracked files.
+
The possible options are:
+
- - 'no' - Show no untracked files
- - 'normal' - Shows untracked files and directories
+ - 'no' - Show no untracked files.
+ - 'normal' - Shows untracked files and directories.
- 'all' - Also shows individual files in untracked directories.
+
+When `-u` option is not used, untracked files and directories are
+shown (i.e. the same as specifying `normal`), to help you avoid
+forgetting to add newly created files. Because it takes extra work
+to find untracked files in the filesystem, this mode may take some
+time in a large working tree. You can use `no` to have `git status`
+return more quickly without showing untracked files.
++
The default can be changed using the status.showUntrackedFiles
configuration variable documented in linkgit:git-config[1].
diff --git a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
index c99d795..bfef8a0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-submodule.txt
@@ -10,11 +10,12 @@ SYNOPSIS
--------
[verse]
'git submodule' [--quiet] add [-b <branch>] [-f|--force] [--name <name>]
- [--reference <repository>] [--] <repository> [<path>]
+ [--reference <repository>] [--depth <depth>] [--] <repository> [<path>]
'git submodule' [--quiet] status [--cached] [--recursive] [--] [<path>...]
'git submodule' [--quiet] init [--] [<path>...]
+'git submodule' [--quiet] deinit [-f|--force] [--] <path>...
'git submodule' [--quiet] update [--init] [--remote] [-N|--no-fetch]
- [-f|--force] [--rebase] [--reference <repository>]
+ [-f|--force] [--rebase] [--reference <repository>] [--depth <depth>]
[--merge] [--recursive] [--] [<path>...]
'git submodule' [--quiet] summary [--cached|--files] [(-n|--summary-limit) <n>]
[commit] [--] [<path>...]
@@ -76,6 +77,8 @@ argument <path> is the relative location for the cloned submodule
to exist in the superproject. If <path> is not given, the
"humanish" part of the source repository is used ("repo" for
"/path/to/repo.git" and "foo" for "host.xz:foo/.git").
+The <path> is also used as the submodule's logical name in its
+configuration entries unless `--name` is used to specify a logical name.
+
<repository> is the URL of the new submodule's origin repository.
This may be either an absolute URL, or (if it begins with ./
@@ -123,8 +126,10 @@ linkgit:git-status[1] and linkgit:git-diff[1] will provide that information
too (and can also report changes to a submodule's work tree).
init::
- Initialize the submodules, i.e. register each submodule name
- and url found in .gitmodules into .git/config.
+ Initialize the submodules recorded in the index (which were
+ added and committed elsewhere) by copying submodule
+ names and urls from .gitmodules to .git/config.
+ Optional <path> arguments limit which submodules will be initialized.
It will also copy the value of `submodule.$name.update` into
.git/config.
The key used in .git/config is `submodule.$name.url`.
@@ -135,13 +140,28 @@ init::
the explicit 'init' step if you do not intend to customize
any submodule locations.
+deinit::
+ Unregister the given submodules, i.e. remove the whole
+ `submodule.$name` section from .git/config together with their work
+ tree. Further calls to `git submodule update`, `git submodule foreach`
+ and `git submodule sync` will skip any unregistered submodules until
+ they are initialized again, so use this command if you don't want to
+ have a local checkout of the submodule in your work tree anymore. If
+ you really want to remove a submodule from the repository and commit
+ that use linkgit:git-rm[1] instead.
++
+If `--force` is specified, the submodule's work tree will be removed even if
+it contains local modifications.
+
update::
Update the registered submodules, i.e. clone missing submodules and
checkout the commit specified in the index of the containing repository.
This will make the submodules HEAD be detached unless `--rebase` or
`--merge` is specified or the key `submodule.$name.update` is set to
`rebase`, `merge` or `none`. `none` can be overridden by specifying
- `--checkout`.
+ `--checkout`. Setting the key `submodule.$name.update` to `!command`
+ will cause `command` to be run. `command` can be any arbitrary shell
+ command that takes a single argument, namely the sha1 to update to.
+
If the submodule is not yet initialized, and you just want to use the
setting as stored in .gitmodules, you can automatically initialize the
@@ -214,8 +234,10 @@ OPTIONS
-f::
--force::
- This option is only valid for add and update commands.
+ This option is only valid for add, deinit and update commands.
When running add, allow adding an otherwise ignored submodule path.
+ When running deinit the submodule work trees will be removed even if
+ they contain local changes.
When running update, throw away local changes in submodules when
switching to a different commit; and always run a checkout operation
in the submodule, even if the commit listed in the index of the
@@ -242,7 +264,7 @@ OPTIONS
--remote::
This option is only valid for the update command. Instead of using
the superproject's recorded SHA-1 to update the submodule, use the
- status of the submodule's remote tracking branch. The remote used
+ status of the submodule's remote-tracking branch. The remote used
is branch's remote (`branch.<name>.remote`), defaulting to `origin`.
The remote branch used defaults to `master`, but the branch name may
be overridden by setting the `submodule.<name>.branch` option in
@@ -308,6 +330,12 @@ for linkgit:git-clone[1]'s `--reference` and `--shared` options carefully.
only in the submodules of the current repo, but also
in any nested submodules inside those submodules (and so on).
+--depth::
+ This option is valid for add and update commands. Create a 'shallow'
+ clone with a history truncated to the specified number of revisions.
+ See linkgit:git-clone[1]
+
+
<path>...::
Paths to submodule(s). When specified this will restrict the command
to only operate on the submodules found at the specified paths.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-svn.txt b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
index 1b8b649..4dd3bcb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-svn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-svn.txt
@@ -85,6 +85,10 @@ COMMANDS
When passed to 'init' or 'clone' this regular expression will
be preserved as a config key. See 'fetch' for a description
of '--ignore-paths'.
+--include-paths=<regex>;;
+ When passed to 'init' or 'clone' this regular expression will
+ be preserved as a config key. See 'fetch' for a description
+ of '--include-paths'.
--no-minimize-url;;
When tracking multiple directories (using --stdlayout,
--branches, or --tags options), git svn will attempt to connect
@@ -146,6 +150,14 @@ Skip "branches" and "tags" of first level directories;;
------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
+--include-paths=<regex>;;
+ This allows one to specify a Perl regular expression that will
+ cause the inclusion of only matching paths from checkout from SVN.
+ The '--include-paths' option should match for every 'fetch'
+ (including automatic fetches due to 'clone', 'dcommit',
+ 'rebase', etc) on a given repository. '--ignore-paths' takes
+ precedence over '--include-paths'.
+
--log-window-size=<n>;;
Fetch <n> log entries per request when scanning Subversion history.
The default is 100. For very large Subversion repositories, larger
@@ -244,8 +256,8 @@ first have already been pushed into SVN.
For each patch, one may answer "yes" (accept this patch), "no" (discard this
patch), "all" (accept all patches), or "quit".
+
- 'git svn dcommit' returns immediately if answer if "no" or "quit", without
- commiting anything to SVN.
+ 'git svn dcommit' returns immediately if answer is "no" or "quit", without
+ committing anything to SVN.
'branch'::
Create a branch in the SVN repository.
@@ -259,13 +271,15 @@ first have already been pushed into SVN.
Create a tag by using the tags_subdir instead of the branches_subdir
specified during git svn init.
--d;;
---destination;;
+-d<path>;;
+--destination=<path>;;
+
If more than one --branches (or --tags) option was given to the 'init'
or 'clone' command, you must provide the location of the branch (or
- tag) you wish to create in the SVN repository. The value of this
- option must match one of the paths specified by a --branches (or
- --tags) option. You can see these paths with the commands
+ tag) you wish to create in the SVN repository. <path> specifies which
+ path to use to create the branch or tag and should match the pattern
+ on the left-hand side of one of the configured branches or tags
+ refspecs. You can see these refspecs with the commands
+
git config --get-all svn-remote.<name>.branches
git config --get-all svn-remote.<name>.tags
@@ -286,6 +300,11 @@ where <name> is the name of the SVN repository as specified by the -R option to
git config --get-all svn-remote.<name>.commiturl
+
+--parents;;
+ Create parent folders. This parameter is equivalent to the parameter
+ --parents on svn cp commands and is useful for non-standard repository
+ layouts.
+
'tag'::
Create a tag in the SVN repository. This is a shorthand for
'branch -t'.
@@ -856,7 +875,7 @@ HANDLING OF SVN BRANCHES
------------------------
If 'git svn' is configured to fetch branches (and --follow-branches
is in effect), it sometimes creates multiple Git branches for one
-SVN branch, where the addtional branches have names of the form
+SVN branch, where the additional branches have names of the form
'branchname@nnn' (with nnn an SVN revision number). These additional
branches are created if 'git svn' cannot find a parent commit for the
first commit in an SVN branch, to connect the branch to the history of
@@ -1020,6 +1039,25 @@ comma-separated list of names within braces. For example:
tags = tags/{1.0,2.0}/src:refs/remotes/tags/*
------------------------------------------------------------------------
+Multiple fetch, branches, and tags keys are supported:
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------
+[svn-remote "messy-repo"]
+ url = http://server.org/svn
+ fetch = trunk/project-a:refs/remotes/project-a/trunk
+ fetch = branches/demos/june-project-a-demo:refs/remotes/project-a/demos/june-demo
+ branches = branches/server/*:refs/remotes/project-a/branches/*
+ branches = branches/demos/2011/*:refs/remotes/project-a/2011-demos/*
+ tags = tags/server/*:refs/remotes/project-a/tags/*
+------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Creating a branch in such a configuration requires disambiguating which
+location to use using the -d or --destination flag:
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------
+$ git svn branch -d branches/server release-2-3-0
+------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
Note that git-svn keeps track of the highest revision in which a branch
or tag has appeared. If the subset of branches or tags is changed after
fetching, then .git/svn/.metadata must be manually edited to remove (or
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
index e3032c4..c418c44 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ in the tag message.
If `-m <msg>` or `-F <file>` is given and `-a`, `-s`, and `-u <key-id>`
are absent, `-a` is implied.
-Otherwise just a tag reference for the SHA1 object name of the commit object is
+Otherwise just a tag reference for the SHA-1 object name of the commit object is
created (i.e. a lightweight tag).
A GnuPG signed tag object will be created when `-s` or `-u
@@ -42,6 +42,17 @@ committer identity for the current user is used to find the
GnuPG key for signing. The configuration variable `gpg.program`
is used to specify custom GnuPG binary.
+Tag objects (created with `-a`, `s`, or `-u`) are called "annotated"
+tags; they contain a creation date, the tagger name and e-mail, a
+tagging message, and an optional GnuPG signature. Whereas a
+"lightweight" tag is simply a name for an object (usually a commit
+object).
+
+Annotated tags are meant for release while lightweight tags are meant
+for private or temporary object labels. For this reason, some git
+commands for naming objects (like `git describe`) will ignore
+lightweight tags by default.
+
OPTIONS
-------
@@ -126,6 +137,12 @@ This option is only applicable when listing tags without annotation lines.
linkgit:git-check-ref-format[1]. Some of these checks
may restrict the characters allowed in a tag name.
+<commit>::
+<object>::
+ The object that the new tag will refer to, usually a commit.
+ Defaults to HEAD.
+
+
CONFIGURATION
-------------
By default, 'git tag' in sign-with-default mode (-s) will use your
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tools.txt b/Documentation/git-tools.txt
index ad8b823..78a0d95 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tools.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tools.txt
@@ -109,7 +109,7 @@ Others
- *git.el* (contrib/)
- This is an Emacs interface for Git. The user interface is modeled on
+ This is an Emacs interface for Git. The user interface is modelled on
pcl-cvs. It has been developed on Emacs 21 and will probably need some
tweaking to work on XEmacs.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
index 77a912d..e0a8702 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-index.txt
@@ -14,8 +14,8 @@ SYNOPSIS
[--refresh] [-q] [--unmerged] [--ignore-missing]
[(--cacheinfo <mode> <object> <file>)...]
[--chmod=(+|-)x]
- [--assume-unchanged | --no-assume-unchanged]
- [--skip-worktree | --no-skip-worktree]
+ [--[no-]assume-unchanged]
+ [--[no-]skip-worktree]
[--ignore-submodules]
[--really-refresh] [--unresolve] [--again | -g]
[--info-only] [--index-info]
@@ -77,8 +77,7 @@ OPTIONS
--chmod=(+|-)x::
Set the execute permissions on the updated files.
---assume-unchanged::
---no-assume-unchanged::
+--[no-]assume-unchanged::
When these flags are specified, the object names recorded
for the paths are not updated. Instead, these options
set and unset the "assume unchanged" bit for the
@@ -102,8 +101,7 @@ you will need to handle the situation manually.
Like '--refresh', but checks stat information unconditionally,
without regard to the "assume unchanged" setting.
---skip-worktree::
---no-skip-worktree::
+--[no-]skip-worktree::
When one of these flags is specified, the object name recorded
for the paths are not updated. Instead, these options
set and unset the "skip-worktree" bit for the paths. See
@@ -145,7 +143,15 @@ you will need to handle the situation manually.
--index-version <n>::
Write the resulting index out in the named on-disk format version.
- The current default version is 2.
+ Supported versions are 2, 3 and 4. The current default version is 2
+ or 3, depending on whether extra features are used, such as
+ `git add -N`.
++
+Version 4 performs a simple pathname compression that reduces index
+size by 30%-50% on large repositories, which results in faster load
+time. Version 4 is relatively young (first released in in 1.8.0 in
+October 2012). Other Git implementations such as JGit and libgit2
+may not support it yet.
-z::
Only meaningful with `--stdin` or `--index-info`; paths are
@@ -239,7 +245,7 @@ $ git update-index --index-info
------------
The first line of the input feeds 0 as the mode to remove the
-path; the SHA1 does not matter as long as it is well formatted.
+path; the SHA-1 does not matter as long as it is well formatted.
Then the second and third line feeds stage 1 and stage 2 entries
for that path. After the above, we would end up with this:
diff --git a/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt b/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt
index 0eb9ffb..526ba7b 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-verify-pack.txt
@@ -40,11 +40,11 @@ OUTPUT FORMAT
-------------
When specifying the -v option the format used is:
- SHA1 type size size-in-pack-file offset-in-packfile
+ SHA-1 type size size-in-pack-file offset-in-packfile
for objects that are not deltified in the pack, and
- SHA1 type size size-in-packfile offset-in-packfile depth base-SHA1
+ SHA-1 type size size-in-packfile offset-in-packfile depth base-SHA-1
for objects that are deltified.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt
index e996135..f88ba96 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-verify-tag.txt
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@ OPTIONS
Print the contents of the tag object before validating it.
<tag>...::
- SHA1 identifiers of Git tag objects.
+ SHA-1 identifiers of Git tag objects.
GIT
---
diff --git a/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt b/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt
index ba79cb4..5aec4ec 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-web--browse.txt
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@ The following browsers (or commands) are currently supported:
* dillo
* open (this is the default under Mac OS X GUI)
* start (this is the default under MinGW)
+* cygstart (this is the default under Cygwin)
Custom commands may also be specified.
diff --git a/Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt b/Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt
index c600b61..8b63ceb 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-whatchanged.txt
@@ -13,43 +13,17 @@ SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
-----------
-Shows commit logs and diff output each commit introduces. The
-command internally invokes 'git rev-list' piped to
-'git diff-tree', and takes command line options for both of
-these commands.
-This manual page describes only the most frequently used options.
+Shows commit logs and diff output each commit introduces.
+New users are encouraged to use linkgit:git-log[1] instead. The
+`whatchanged` command is essentially the same as linkgit:git-log[1]
+but defaults to show the raw format diff output and to skip merges.
-OPTIONS
--------
--p::
- Show textual diffs, instead of the Git internal diff
- output format that is useful only to tell the changed
- paths and their nature of changes.
+The command is kept primarily for historical reasons; fingers of
+many people who learned Git long before `git log` was invented by
+reading Linux kernel mailing list are trained to type it.
--<n>::
- Limit output to <n> commits.
-
-<since>..<until>::
- Limit output to between the two named commits (bottom
- exclusive, top inclusive).
-
--r::
- Show Git internal diff output, but for the whole tree,
- not just the top level.
-
--m::
- By default, differences for merge commits are not shown.
- With this flag, show differences to that commit from all
- of its parents.
-+
-However, it is not very useful in general, although it
-*is* useful on a file-by-file basis.
-
-include::pretty-options.txt[]
-
-include::pretty-formats.txt[]
Examples
--------
diff --git a/Documentation/git.txt b/Documentation/git.txt
index 7efaa59..83edf30 100644
--- a/Documentation/git.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git.txt
@@ -43,14 +43,32 @@ unreleased) version of Git, that is available from 'master'
branch of the `git.git` repository.
Documentation for older releases are available here:
-* link:v1.8.2/git.html[documentation for release 1.8.2]
+* link:v1.8.4/git.html[documentation for release 1.8.4]
* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/1.8.4.txt[1.8.4].
+
+* link:v1.8.3.4/git.html[documentation for release 1.8.3.4]
+
+* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/1.8.3.4.txt[1.8.3.4],
+ link:RelNotes/1.8.3.3.txt[1.8.3.3],
+ link:RelNotes/1.8.3.2.txt[1.8.3.2],
+ link:RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt[1.8.3.1],
+ link:RelNotes/1.8.3.txt[1.8.3].
+
+* link:v1.8.2.3/git.html[documentation for release 1.8.2.3]
+
+* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt[1.8.2.3],
+ link:RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt[1.8.2.2],
+ link:RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt[1.8.2.1],
link:RelNotes/1.8.2.txt[1.8.2].
-* link:v1.8.1.5/git.html[documentation for release 1.8.1.5]
+* link:v1.8.1.6/git.html[documentation for release 1.8.1.6]
* release notes for
+ link:RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt[1.8.1.6],
link:RelNotes/1.8.1.5.txt[1.8.1.5],
link:RelNotes/1.8.1.4.txt[1.8.1.4],
link:RelNotes/1.8.1.3.txt[1.8.1.3],
@@ -673,9 +691,7 @@ Git so take care if using Cogito etc.
The '--git-dir' command-line option also sets this value.
'GIT_WORK_TREE'::
- Set the path to the working tree. The value will not be
- used in combination with repositories found automatically in
- a .git directory (i.e. $GIT_DIR is not set).
+ Set the path to the root of the working tree.
This can also be controlled by the '--work-tree' command line
option and the core.worktree configuration variable.
@@ -739,7 +755,7 @@ where:
<old|new>-file:: are files GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF can use to read the
contents of <old|new>,
- <old|new>-hex:: are the 40-hexdigit SHA1 hashes,
+ <old|new>-hex:: are the 40-hexdigit SHA-1 hashes,
<old|new>-mode:: are the octal representation of the file modes.
+
The file parameters can point at the user's working file
@@ -774,9 +790,12 @@ other
If this environment variable is set then 'git fetch'
and 'git push' will use this command instead
of 'ssh' when they need to connect to a remote system.
- The '$GIT_SSH' command will be given exactly two arguments:
- the 'username@host' (or just 'host') from the URL and the
- shell command to execute on that remote system.
+ The '$GIT_SSH' command will be given exactly two or
+ four arguments: the 'username@host' (or just 'host')
+ from the URL and the shell command to execute on that
+ remote system, optionally preceded by '-p' (literally) and
+ the 'port' from the URL when it specifies something other
+ than the default SSH port.
+
To pass options to the program that you want to list in GIT_SSH
you will need to wrap the program and options into a shell script,
@@ -804,8 +823,9 @@ for further details.
'GIT_FLUSH'::
If this environment variable is set to "1", then commands such
as 'git blame' (in incremental mode), 'git rev-list', 'git log',
- and 'git whatchanged' will force a flush of the output stream
- after each commit-oriented record have been flushed. If this
+ 'git check-attr' and 'git check-ignore' will
+ force a flush of the output stream after each record have been
+ flushed. If this
variable is set to "0", the output of these commands will be done
using completely buffered I/O. If this environment variable is
not set, Git will choose buffered or record-oriented flushing
@@ -825,6 +845,19 @@ for further details.
as a file path and will try to write the trace messages
into it.
+'GIT_TRACE_PACK_ACCESS'::
+ If this variable is set to a path, a file will be created at
+ the given path logging all accesses to any packs. For each
+ access, the pack file name and an offset in the pack is
+ recorded. This may be helpful for troubleshooting some
+ pack-related performance problems.
+
+'GIT_TRACE_PACKET'::
+ If this variable is set, it shows a trace of all packets
+ coming in or out of a given program. This can help with
+ debugging object negotiation or other protocol issues. Tracing
+ is turned off at a packet starting with "PACK".
+
GIT_LITERAL_PATHSPECS::
Setting this variable to `1` will cause Git to treat all
pathspecs literally, rather than as glob patterns. For example,
@@ -859,7 +892,7 @@ The commit, equivalent to what other systems call a "changeset" or
represents an immediately preceding step. Commits with more than one
parent represent merges of independent lines of development.
-All objects are named by the SHA1 hash of their contents, normally
+All objects are named by the SHA-1 hash of their contents, normally
written as a string of 40 hex digits. Such names are globally unique.
The entire history leading up to a commit can be vouched for by signing
just that commit. A fourth object type, the tag, is provided for this
@@ -869,9 +902,9 @@ When first created, objects are stored in individual files, but for
efficiency may later be compressed together into "pack files".
Named pointers called refs mark interesting points in history. A ref
-may contain the SHA1 name of an object or the name of another ref. Refs
-with names beginning `ref/head/` contain the SHA1 name of the most
-recent commit (or "head") of a branch under development. SHA1 names of
+may contain the SHA-1 name of an object or the name of another ref. Refs
+with names beginning `ref/head/` contain the SHA-1 name of the most
+recent commit (or "head") of a branch under development. SHA-1 names of
tags of interest are stored under `ref/tags/`. A special ref named
`HEAD` contains the name of the currently checked-out branch.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcli.txt b/Documentation/gitcli.txt
index dc9e617..9ac5088 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcli.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcli.txt
@@ -107,13 +107,14 @@ couple of magic command line options:
---------------------------------------------
$ git describe -h
usage: git describe [options] <committish>*
+ or: git describe [options] --dirty
--contains find the tag that comes after the commit
--debug debug search strategy on stderr
- --all use any ref in .git/refs
- --tags use any tag in .git/refs/tags
- --abbrev [<n>] use <n> digits to display SHA-1s
- --candidates <n> consider <n> most recent tags (default: 10)
+ --all use any ref
+ --tags use any tag, even unannotated
+ --long always use long format
+ --abbrev[=<n>] use <n> digits to display SHA-1s
---------------------------------------------
--help-all::
diff --git a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
index 59c1c17..058a352 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitcore-tutorial.txt
@@ -106,9 +106,9 @@ branch. A number of the Git tools will assume that `.git/HEAD` is
valid, though.
[NOTE]
-An 'object' is identified by its 160-bit SHA1 hash, aka 'object name',
+An 'object' is identified by its 160-bit SHA-1 hash, aka 'object name',
and a reference to an object is always the 40-byte hex
-representation of that SHA1 name. The files in the `refs`
+representation of that SHA-1 name. The files in the `refs`
subdirectory are expected to contain these hex references
(usually with a final `\n` at the end), and you should thus
expect to see a number of 41-byte files containing these
@@ -534,42 +534,9 @@ all, but just show the actual commit message.
In fact, together with the 'git rev-list' program (which generates a
list of revisions), 'git diff-tree' ends up being a veritable fount of
-changes. A trivial (but very useful) script called 'git whatchanged' is
-included with Git which does exactly this, and shows a log of recent
-activities.
-
-To see the whole history of our pitiful little git-tutorial project, you
-can do
-
-----------------
-$ git log
-----------------
-
-which shows just the log messages, or if we want to see the log together
-with the associated patches use the more complex (and much more
-powerful)
-
-----------------
-$ git whatchanged -p
-----------------
-
-and you will see exactly what has changed in the repository over its
-short history.
-
-[NOTE]
-When using the above two commands, the initial commit will be shown.
-If this is a problem because it is huge, you can hide it by setting
-the log.showroot configuration variable to false. Having this, you
-can still show it for each command just adding the `--root` option,
-which is a flag for 'git diff-tree' accepted by both commands.
-
-With that, you should now be having some inkling of what Git does, and
-can explore on your own.
-
-[NOTE]
-Most likely, you are not directly using the core
-Git Plumbing commands, but using Porcelain such as 'git add', `git-rm'
-and `git-commit'.
+changes. You can emulate `git log`, `git log -p`, etc. with a trivial
+script that pipes the output of `git rev-list` to `git diff-tree --stdin`,
+which was exactly how early versions of `git log` were implemented.
Tagging a version
@@ -763,7 +730,7 @@ already discussed, the `HEAD` branch is nothing but a symlink to one of
these object pointers.
You can at any time create a new branch by just picking an arbitrary
-point in the project history, and just writing the SHA1 name of that
+point in the project history, and just writing the SHA-1 name of that
object into a file under `.git/refs/heads/`. You can use any filename you
want (and indeed, subdirectories), but the convention is that the
"normal" branch is called `master`. That's just a convention, though,
@@ -1233,7 +1200,7 @@ file (the first tree goes to stage 1, the second to stage 2,
etc.). After reading three trees into three stages, the paths
that are the same in all three stages are 'collapsed' into stage
0. Also paths that are the same in two of three stages are
-collapsed into stage 0, taking the SHA1 from either stage 2 or
+collapsed into stage 0, taking the SHA-1 from either stage 2 or
stage 3, whichever is different from stage 1 (i.e. only one side
changed from the common ancestor).
diff --git a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
index 4ed71c7..c8b3e51 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitdiffcore.txt
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ it changes it to:
For the purpose of breaking a filepair, diffcore-break examines
the extent of changes between the contents of the files before
and after modification (i.e. the contents that have "bcd1234..."
-and "0123456..." as their SHA1 content ID, in the above
+and "0123456..." as their SHA-1 content ID, in the above
example). The amount of deletion of original contents and
insertion of new material are added together, and if it exceeds
the "break score", the filepair is broken into two. The break
@@ -222,26 +222,35 @@ version prefixed with '+'.
diffcore-pickaxe: For Detecting Addition/Deletion of Specified String
---------------------------------------------------------------------
-This transformation is used to find filepairs that represent
-changes that touch a specified string, and is controlled by the
--S option and the `--pickaxe-all` option to the 'git diff-*'
-commands.
-
-When diffcore-pickaxe is in use, it checks if there are
-filepairs whose "result" side and whose "origin" side have
-different number of specified string. Such a filepair represents
-"the string appeared in this changeset". It also checks for the
-opposite case that loses the specified string.
-
-When `--pickaxe-all` is not in effect, diffcore-pickaxe leaves
-only such filepairs that touch the specified string in its
-output. When `--pickaxe-all` is used, diffcore-pickaxe leaves all
-filepairs intact if there is such a filepair, or makes the
-output empty otherwise. The latter behaviour is designed to
-make reviewing of the changes in the context of the whole
+This transformation limits the set of filepairs to those that change
+specified strings between the preimage and the postimage in a certain
+way. -S<block of text> and -G<regular expression> options are used to
+specify different ways these strings are sought.
+
+"-S<block of text>" detects filepairs whose preimage and postimage
+have different number of occurrences of the specified block of text.
+By definition, it will not detect in-file moves. Also, when a
+changeset moves a file wholesale without affecting the interesting
+string, diffcore-rename kicks in as usual, and `-S` omits the filepair
+(since the number of occurrences of that string didn't change in that
+rename-detected filepair). When used with `--pickaxe-regex`, treat
+the <block of text> as an extended POSIX regular expression to match,
+instead of a literal string.
+
+"-G<regular expression>" (mnemonic: grep) detects filepairs whose
+textual diff has an added or a deleted line that matches the given
+regular expression. This means that it will detect in-file (or what
+rename-detection considers the same file) moves, which is noise. The
+implementation runs diff twice and greps, and this can be quite
+expensive.
+
+When `-S` or `-G` are used without `--pickaxe-all`, only filepairs
+that match their respective criterion are kept in the output. When
+`--pickaxe-all` is used, if even one filepair matches their respective
+criterion in a changeset, the entire changeset is kept. This behavior
+is designed to make reviewing changes in the context of the whole
changeset easier.
-
diffcore-order: For Sorting the Output Based on Filenames
---------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/githooks.txt b/Documentation/githooks.txt
index eab9b35..d48bf4d 100644
--- a/Documentation/githooks.txt
+++ b/Documentation/githooks.txt
@@ -99,7 +99,7 @@ given); `template` (if a `-t` option was given or the
configuration option `commit.template` is set); `merge` (if the
commit is a merge or a `.git/MERGE_MSG` file exists); `squash`
(if a `.git/SQUASH_MSG` file exists); or `commit`, followed by
-a commit SHA1 (if a `-c`, `-C` or `--amend` option was given).
+a commit SHA-1 (if a `-c`, `-C` or `--amend` option was given).
If the exit status is non-zero, 'git commit' will abort.
@@ -140,9 +140,11 @@ the outcome of 'git commit'.
pre-rebase
~~~~~~~~~~
-This hook is called by 'git rebase' and can be used to prevent a branch
-from getting rebased.
-
+This hook is called by 'git rebase' and can be used to prevent a
+branch from getting rebased. The hook may be called with one or
+two parameters. The first parameter is the upstream from which
+the series was forked. The second parameter is the branch being
+rebased, and is not set when rebasing the current branch.
post-checkout
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -194,11 +196,11 @@ hook would receive a line like the following:
refs/heads/master 67890 refs/heads/foreign 12345
-although the full, 40-character SHA1s would be supplied. If the foreign ref
-does not yet exist the `<remote SHA1>` will be 40 `0`. If a ref is to be
+although the full, 40-character SHA-1s would be supplied. If the foreign ref
+does not yet exist the `<remote SHA-1>` will be 40 `0`. If a ref is to be
deleted, the `<local ref>` will be supplied as `(delete)` and the `<local
-SHA1>` will be 40 `0`. If the local commit was specified by something other
-than a name which could be expanded (such as `HEAD~`, or a SHA1) it will be
+SHA-1>` will be 40 `0`. If the local commit was specified by something other
+than a name which could be expanded (such as `HEAD~`, or a SHA-1) it will be
supplied as it was originally given.
If this hook exits with a non-zero status, 'git push' will abort without
diff --git a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
index 0c91aba..0827f69 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt
@@ -159,11 +159,11 @@ Miscellaneous capabilities
carried out.
'refspec' <refspec>::
- This modifies the 'import' capability, allowing the produced
- fast-import stream to modify refs in a private namespace
- instead of writing to refs/heads or refs/remotes directly.
+ For remote helpers that implement 'import' or 'export', this capability
+ allows the refs to be constrained to a private namespace, instead of
+ writing to refs/heads or refs/remotes directly.
It is recommended that all importers providing the 'import'
- capability use this.
+ capability use this. It's mandatory for 'export'.
+
A helper advertising the capability
`refspec refs/heads/*:refs/svn/origin/branches/*`
@@ -202,6 +202,10 @@ there is an implied `refspec *:*`.
marks specified in <file> before processing any input. For details,
read up on '--import-marks=<file>' in linkgit:git-fast-export[1].
+'signed-tags'::
+ This modifies the 'export' capability, instructing Git to pass
+ '--signed-tags=verbatim' to linkgit:git-fast-export[1]. In the
+ absence of this capability, Git will use '--signed-tags=warn-strip'.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt b/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
index f0eef76..aa03882 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitrepository-layout.txt
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ refs/remotes/`name`::
from a remote repository.
refs/replace/`<obj-sha1>`::
- records the SHA1 of the object that replaces `<obj-sha1>`.
+ records the SHA-1 of the object that replaces `<obj-sha1>`.
This is similar to info/grafts and is internally used and
maintained by linkgit:git-replace[1]. Such refs can be exchanged
between repositories while grafts are not.
@@ -184,6 +184,10 @@ info/exclude::
'git clean' look at it but the core Git commands do not look
at it. See also: linkgit:gitignore[5].
+info/sparse-checkout::
+ This file stores sparse checkout patterns.
+ See also: linkgit:git-read-tree[1].
+
remotes::
Stores shorthands for URL and default refnames for use
when interacting with remote repositories via 'git fetch',
@@ -207,6 +211,9 @@ shallow::
and maintained by shallow clone mechanism. See `--depth`
option to linkgit:git-clone[1] and linkgit:git-fetch[1].
+modules::
+ Contains the git-repositories of the submodules.
+
SEE ALSO
--------
linkgit:git-init[1],
diff --git a/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt b/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
index 94c906e..3109ea8 100644
--- a/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gittutorial-2.txt
@@ -46,9 +46,9 @@ What are the 7 digits of hex that Git responded to the commit with?
We saw in part one of the tutorial that commits have names like this.
It turns out that every object in the Git history is stored under
-a 40-digit hex name. That name is the SHA1 hash of the object's
+a 40-digit hex name. That name is the SHA-1 hash of the object's
contents; among other things, this ensures that Git will never store
-the same data twice (since identical data is given an identical SHA1
+the same data twice (since identical data is given an identical SHA-1
name), and that the contents of a Git object will never change (since
that would change the object's name as well). The 7 char hex strings
here are simply the abbreviation of such 40 character long strings.
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@ Abbreviations can be used everywhere where the 40 character strings
can be used, so long as they are unambiguous.
It is expected that the content of the commit object you created while
-following the example above generates a different SHA1 hash than
+following the example above generates a different SHA-1 hash than
the one shown above because the commit object records the time when
it was created and the name of the person performing the commit.
@@ -80,14 +80,14 @@ A tree can refer to one or more "blob" objects, each corresponding to
a file. In addition, a tree can also refer to other tree objects,
thus creating a directory hierarchy. You can examine the contents of
any tree using ls-tree (remember that a long enough initial portion
-of the SHA1 will also work):
+of the SHA-1 will also work):
------------------------------------------------
$ git ls-tree 92b8b694
100644 blob 3b18e512dba79e4c8300dd08aeb37f8e728b8dad file.txt
------------------------------------------------
-Thus we see that this tree has one file in it. The SHA1 hash is a
+Thus we see that this tree has one file in it. The SHA-1 hash is a
reference to that file's data:
------------------------------------------------
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ Note that this is the old file data; so the object that Git named in
its response to the initial tree was a tree with a snapshot of the
directory state that was recorded by the first commit.
-All of these objects are stored under their SHA1 names inside the Git
+All of these objects are stored under their SHA-1 names inside the Git
directory:
------------------------------------------------
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ ref: refs/heads/master
As you can see, this tells us which branch we're currently on, and it
tells us this by naming a file under the .git directory, which itself
-contains a SHA1 name referring to a commit object, which we can
+contains a SHA-1 name referring to a commit object, which we can
examine with cat-file:
------------------------------------------------
@@ -208,7 +208,7 @@ project's history:
Note, by the way, that lots of commands take a tree as an argument.
But as we can see above, a tree can be referred to in many different
-ways--by the SHA1 name for that tree, by the name of a commit that
+ways--by the SHA-1 name for that tree, by the name of a commit that
refers to the tree, by the name of a branch whose head refers to that
tree, etc.--and most such commands can accept any of these names.
diff --git a/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
index eb63631..305db63 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitweb.conf.txt
@@ -336,8 +336,26 @@ $home_link_str::
used as the first component of gitweb's "breadcrumb trail":
`<home link> / <project> / <action>`. Can be set at build time using
the `GITWEB_HOME_LINK_STR` variable. By default it is set to "projects",
- as this link leads to the list of projects. Other popular choice it to
- set it to the name of site.
+ as this link leads to the list of projects. Another popular choice is to
+ set it to the name of site. Note that it is treated as raw HTML so it
+ should not be set from untrusted sources.
+
+@extra_breadcrumbs::
+ Additional links to be added to the start of the breadcrumb trail before
+ the home link, to pages that are logically "above" the gitweb projects
+ list, such as the organization and department which host the gitweb
+ server. Each element of the list is a reference to an array, in which
+ element 0 is the link text (equivalent to `$home_link_str`) and element
+ 1 is the target URL (equivalent to `$home_link`).
++
+For example, the following setting produces a breadcrumb trail like
+"home / dev / projects / ..." where "projects" is the home link.
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+ our @extra_breadcrumbs = (
+ [ 'home' => 'https://www.example.org/' ],
+ [ 'dev' => 'https://dev.example.org/' ],
+ );
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------
$logo_url::
$logo_label::
@@ -857,6 +875,13 @@ adding the following lines to your gitweb configuration file:
$known_snapshot_formats{'zip'}{'disabled'} = 1;
$known_snapshot_formats{'tgz'}{'compressor'} = ['gzip','-6'];
+BUGS
+----
+Debugging would be easier if the fallback configuration file
+(`/etc/gitweb.conf`) and environment variable to override its location
+('GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM') had names reflecting their "fallback" role.
+The current names are kept to avoid breaking working setups.
+
ENVIRONMENT
-----------
The location of per-instance and system-wide configuration files can be
diff --git a/Documentation/gitweb.txt b/Documentation/gitweb.txt
index 40969f1..cca14b8 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitweb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitweb.txt
@@ -504,7 +504,7 @@ repositories, you can configure Apache like this:
The above configuration expects your public repositories to live under
'/pub/git' and will serve them as `http://git.domain.org/dir-under-pub-git`,
-both as cloneable Git URL and as browseable gitweb interface. If you then
+both as clonable Git URL and as browseable gitweb interface. If you then
start your linkgit:git-daemon[1] with `--base-path=/pub/git --export-all`
then you can even use the `git://` URL with exactly the same path.
diff --git a/Documentation/glossary-content.txt b/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
index eb7ba84..dba5062 100644
--- a/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
+++ b/Documentation/glossary-content.txt
@@ -100,12 +100,22 @@ to point at the new commit.
[[def_detached_HEAD]]detached HEAD::
Normally the <<def_HEAD,HEAD>> stores the name of a
- <<def_branch,branch>>. However, Git also allows you to <<def_checkout,check out>>
- an arbitrary <<def_commit,commit>> that isn't necessarily the tip of any
- particular branch. In this case HEAD is said to be "detached".
-
-[[def_dircache]]dircache::
- You are *waaaaay* behind. See <<def_index,index>>.
+ <<def_branch,branch>>, and commands that operate on the
+ history HEAD represents operate on the history leading to the
+ tip of the branch the HEAD points at. However, Git also
+ allows you to <<def_checkout,check out>> an arbitrary
+ <<def_commit,commit>> that isn't necessarily the tip of any
+ particular branch. The HEAD in such a state is called
+ "detached".
++
+Note that commands that operate on the history of the current branch
+(e.g. `git commit` to build a new history on top of it) still work
+while the HEAD is detached. They update the HEAD to point at the tip
+of the updated history without affecting any branch. Commands that
+update or inquire information _about_ the current branch (e.g. `git
+branch --set-upstream-to` that sets what remote-tracking branch the
+current branch integrates with) obviously do not work, as there is no
+(real) current branch to ask about in this state.
[[def_directory]]directory::
The list you get with "ls" :-)
@@ -115,11 +125,6 @@ to point at the new commit.
it contains modifications which have not been <<def_commit,committed>> to the current
<<def_branch,branch>>.
-[[def_ent]]ent::
- Favorite synonym to "<<def_tree-ish,tree-ish>>" by some total geeks. See
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ent_(Middle-earth) for an in-depth
- explanation. Avoid this term, not to confuse people.
-
[[def_evil_merge]]evil merge::
An evil merge is a <<def_merge,merge>> that introduces changes that
do not appear in any <<def_parent,parent>>.
@@ -161,7 +166,7 @@ to point at the new commit.
created. Configured via the `.git/info/grafts` file.
[[def_hash]]hash::
- In Git's context, synonym to <<def_object_name,object name>>.
+ In Git's context, synonym for <<def_object_name,object name>>.
[[def_head]]head::
A <<def_ref,named reference>> to the <<def_commit,commit>> at the tip of a
@@ -233,7 +238,7 @@ This commit is referred to as a "merge commit", or sometimes just a
[[def_object]]object::
The unit of storage in Git. It is uniquely identified by the
- <<def_SHA1,SHA1>> of its contents. Consequently, an
+ <<def_SHA1,SHA-1>> of its contents. Consequently, an
object can not be changed.
[[def_object_database]]object database::
@@ -245,10 +250,9 @@ This commit is referred to as a "merge commit", or sometimes just a
Synonym for <<def_object_name,object name>>.
[[def_object_name]]object name::
- The unique identifier of an <<def_object,object>>. The <<def_hash,hash>>
- of the object's contents using the Secure Hash Algorithm
- 1 and usually represented by the 40 character hexadecimal encoding of
- the <<def_hash,hash>> of the object.
+ The unique identifier of an <<def_object,object>>. The
+ object name is usually represented by a 40 character
+ hexadecimal string. Also colloquially called <<def_SHA1,SHA-1>>.
[[def_object_type]]object type::
One of the identifiers "<<def_commit_object,commit>>",
@@ -257,14 +261,13 @@ This commit is referred to as a "merge commit", or sometimes just a
<<def_object,object>>.
[[def_octopus]]octopus::
- To <<def_merge,merge>> more than two <<def_branch,branches>>. Also denotes an
- intelligent predator.
+ To <<def_merge,merge>> more than two <<def_branch,branches>>.
[[def_origin]]origin::
The default upstream <<def_repository,repository>>. Most projects have
at least one upstream project which they track. By default
'origin' is used for that purpose. New upstream updates
- will be fetched into remote <<def_remote_tracking_branch,remote-tracking branches>> named
+ will be fetched into <<def_remote_tracking_branch,remote-tracking branches>> named
origin/name-of-upstream-branch, which you can see using
`git branch -r`.
@@ -278,7 +281,7 @@ This commit is referred to as a "merge commit", or sometimes just a
pack.
[[def_pathspec]]pathspec::
- Pattern used to specify paths.
+ Pattern used to limit paths in Git commands.
+
Pathspecs are used on the command line of "git ls-files", "git
ls-tree", "git add", "git grep", "git diff", "git checkout",
@@ -287,6 +290,8 @@ limit the scope of operations to some subset of the tree or
worktree. See the documentation of each command for whether
paths are relative to the current directory or toplevel. The
pathspec syntax is as follows:
++
+--
* any path matches itself
* the pathspec up to the last slash represents a
@@ -296,11 +301,12 @@ pathspec syntax is as follows:
of the pathname. Paths relative to the directory
prefix will be matched against that pattern using fnmatch(3);
in particular, '*' and '?' _can_ match directory separators.
+
+--
+
For example, Documentation/*.jpg will match all .jpg files
in the Documentation subtree,
including Documentation/chapter_1/figure_1.jpg.
-
+
A pathspec that begins with a colon `:` has special meaning. In the
short form, the leading colon `:` is followed by zero or more "magic
@@ -316,18 +322,10 @@ and a close parentheses `)`, and the remainder is the pattern to match
against the path.
+
The "magic signature" consists of an ASCII symbol that is not
-alphanumeric.
-+
---
-top `/`;;
- The magic word `top` (mnemonic: `/`) makes the pattern match
- from the root of the working tree, even when you are running
- the command from inside a subdirectory.
---
-+
-Currently only the slash `/` is recognized as the "magic signature",
-but it is envisioned that we will support more types of magic in later
-versions of Git.
+alphanumeric. Currently only the slash `/` is recognized as a
+"magic signature": it makes the pattern match from the root of
+the working tree, even when you are running the command from
+inside a subdirectory.
+
A pathspec with only a colon means "there is no pathspec". This form
should not be combined with other pathspec.
@@ -385,7 +383,7 @@ should not be combined with other pathspec.
to the result.
[[def_ref]]ref::
- A 40-byte hex representation of a <<def_SHA1,SHA1>> or a name that
+ A 40-byte hex representation of a <<def_SHA1,SHA-1>> or a name that
denotes a particular <<def_object,object>>. They may be stored in
a file under `$GIT_DIR/refs/` directory, or
in the `$GIT_DIR/packed-refs` file.
@@ -399,23 +397,16 @@ should not be combined with other pathspec.
[[def_refspec]]refspec::
A "refspec" is used by <<def_fetch,fetch>> and
<<def_push,push>> to describe the mapping between remote
- <<def_ref,ref>> and local ref. They are combined with a colon in
- the format <src>:<dst>, preceded by an optional plus sign, +.
- For example: `git fetch $URL
- refs/heads/master:refs/heads/origin` means "grab the master
- <<def_branch,branch>> <<def_head,head>> from the $URL and store
- it as my origin branch head". And `git push
- $URL refs/heads/master:refs/heads/to-upstream` means "publish my
- master branch head as to-upstream branch at $URL". See also
- linkgit:git-push[1].
+ <<def_ref,ref>> and local ref.
[[def_remote_tracking_branch]]remote-tracking branch::
- A regular Git <<def_branch,branch>> that is used to follow changes from
- another <<def_repository,repository>>. A remote-tracking
- branch should not contain direct modifications or have local commits
- made to it. A remote-tracking branch can usually be
- identified as the right-hand-side <<def_ref,ref>> in a Pull:
- <<def_refspec,refspec>>.
+ A <<def_ref,ref>> that is used to follow changes from another
+ <<def_repository,repository>>. It typically looks like
+ 'refs/remotes/foo/bar' (indicating that it tracks a branch named
+ 'bar' in a remote named 'foo'), and matches the right-hand-side of
+ a configured fetch <<def_refspec,refspec>>. A remote-tracking
+ branch should not contain direct modifications or have local
+ commits made to it.
[[def_repository]]repository::
A collection of <<def_ref,refs>> together with an
@@ -430,9 +421,7 @@ should not be combined with other pathspec.
<<def_merge,merge>> left behind.
[[def_revision]]revision::
- A particular state of files and directories which was stored in the
- <<def_object_database,object database>>. It is referenced by a
- <<def_commit_object,commit object>>.
+ Synonym for <<def_commit,commit>> (the noun).
[[def_rewind]]rewind::
To throw away part of the development, i.e. to assign the
@@ -441,8 +430,9 @@ should not be combined with other pathspec.
[[def_SCM]]SCM::
Source code management (tool).
-[[def_SHA1]]SHA1::
- Synonym for <<def_object_name,object name>>.
+[[def_SHA1]]SHA-1::
+ "Secure Hash Algorithm 1"; a cryptographic hash function.
+ In the context of Git used as a synonym for <<def_object_name,object name>>.
[[def_shallow_repository]]shallow repository::
A shallow <<def_repository,repository>> has an incomplete
@@ -456,7 +446,7 @@ should not be combined with other pathspec.
its history can be later deepened with linkgit:git-fetch[1].
[[def_symref]]symref::
- Symbolic reference: instead of containing the <<def_SHA1,SHA1>>
+ Symbolic reference: instead of containing the <<def_SHA1,SHA-1>>
id itself, it is of the format 'ref: refs/some/thing' and when
referenced, it recursively dereferences to this reference.
'<<def_HEAD,HEAD>>' is a prime example of a symref. Symbolic
diff --git a/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt b/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt
index 2abc3a0..d7de5a3 100644
--- a/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt
+++ b/Documentation/howto/new-command.txt
@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@ your language, document it in the INSTALL file.
6. There is a file command-list.txt in the distribution main directory
that categorizes commands by type, so they can be listed in appropriate
subsections in the documentation's summary command list. Add an entry
-for yours. To understand the categories, look at git-cmmands.txt
+for yours. To understand the categories, look at git-commands.txt
in the main directory.
7. Give the maintainer one paragraph to include in the RelNotes file
diff --git a/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-blob-object.txt b/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-blob-object.txt
index 6d362ce..1b3b188 100644
--- a/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-blob-object.txt
+++ b/Documentation/howto/recover-corrupted-blob-object.txt
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@ On Fri, 9 Nov 2007, Yossi Leybovich wrote:
> Any one know how can I track this object and understand which file is it
-----------------------------------------------------------
-So exactly *because* the SHA1 hash is cryptographically secure, the hash
+So exactly *because* the SHA-1 hash is cryptographically secure, the hash
itself doesn't actually tell you anything, in order to fix a corrupt
object you basically have to find the "original source" for it.
@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ So:
-----------------------------------------------------------
This is the right thing to do, although it's usually best to save it under
-it's full SHA1 name (you just dropped the "4b" from the result ;).
+it's full SHA-1 name (you just dropped the "4b" from the result ;).
Let's see what that tells us:
@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ working tree, in which case fixing this problem is really simple, just do
git hash-object -w my-magic-file
-again, and if it outputs the missing SHA1 (4b945..) you're now all done!
+again, and if it outputs the missing SHA-1 (4b945..) you're now all done!
But that's the really lucky case, so let's assume that it was some older
version that was broken. How do you tell which version it was?
diff --git a/Documentation/howto/revert-branch-rebase.txt b/Documentation/howto/revert-branch-rebase.txt
index 84dd839..0d5419e 100644
--- a/Documentation/howto/revert-branch-rebase.txt
+++ b/Documentation/howto/revert-branch-rebase.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ How to revert an existing commit
================================
One of the changes I pulled into the 'master' branch turns out to
-break building Git with GCC 2.95. While they were well intentioned
+break building Git with GCC 2.95. While they were well-intentioned
portability fixes, keeping things working with gcc-2.95 was also
important. Here is what I did to revert the change in the 'master'
branch and to adjust the 'pu' branch, using core Git tools and
diff --git a/Documentation/line-range-format.txt b/Documentation/line-range-format.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3e7ce72
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/line-range-format.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+- number
++
+If <start> or <end> is a number, it specifies an
+absolute line number (lines count from 1).
++
+
+- /regex/
++
+This form will use the first line matching the given
+POSIX regex. If <end> is a regex, it will search
+starting at the line given by <start>.
++
+
+- +offset or -offset
++
+This is only valid for <end> and will specify a number
+of lines before or after the line given by <start>.
++
+
+- :regex
++
+If the option's argument is of the form :regex, it denotes the range
+from the first funcname line that matches <regex>, up to the next
+funcname line.
++
diff --git a/Documentation/merge-options.txt b/Documentation/merge-options.txt
index 0bcbe0a..afba8d4 100644
--- a/Documentation/merge-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/merge-options.txt
@@ -8,12 +8,13 @@ failed and do not autocommit, to give the user a chance to
inspect and further tweak the merge result before committing.
--edit::
+-e::
--no-edit::
Invoke an editor before committing successful mechanical merge to
further edit the auto-generated merge message, so that the user
can explain and justify the merge. The `--no-edit` option can be
used to accept the auto-generated message (this is generally
- discouraged). The `--edit` option is still useful if you are
+ discouraged). The `--edit` (or `-e`) option is still useful if you are
giving a draft message with the `-m` option from the command line
and want to edit it in the editor.
+
@@ -30,7 +31,8 @@ set to `no` at the beginning of them.
--no-ff::
Create a merge commit even when the merge resolves as a
- fast-forward.
+ fast-forward. This is the default behaviour when merging an
+ annotated (and possibly signed) tag.
--ff-only::
Refuse to merge and exit with a non-zero status unless the
@@ -83,6 +85,11 @@ option can be used to override --squash.
Pass merge strategy specific option through to the merge
strategy.
+--verify-signatures::
+--no-verify-signatures::
+ Verify that the commits being merged have good and trusted GPG signatures
+ and abort the merge in case they do not.
+
--summary::
--no-summary::
Synonyms to --stat and --no-stat; these are deprecated and will be
diff --git a/Documentation/merge-strategies.txt b/Documentation/merge-strategies.txt
index 66db802..49a9a7d 100644
--- a/Documentation/merge-strategies.txt
+++ b/Documentation/merge-strategies.txt
@@ -48,6 +48,12 @@ patience;;
this when the branches to be merged have diverged wildly.
See also linkgit:git-diff[1] `--patience`.
+diff-algorithm=[patience|minimal|histogram|myers];;
+ Tells 'merge-recursive' to use a different diff algorithm, which
+ can help avoid mismerges that occur due to unimportant matching
+ lines (such as braces from distinct functions). See also
+ linkgit:git-diff[1] `--diff-algorithm`.
+
ignore-space-change;;
ignore-all-space;;
ignore-space-at-eol;;
diff --git a/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt b/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
index 105f18a..1d174fd 100644
--- a/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pretty-formats.txt
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ This is designed to be as compact as possible.
* 'raw'
+
The 'raw' format shows the entire commit exactly as
-stored in the commit object. Notably, the SHA1s are
+stored in the commit object. Notably, the SHA-1s are
displayed in full, regardless of whether --abbrev or
--no-abbrev are used, and 'parents' information show the
true parent commits, without taking grafts nor history
@@ -106,18 +106,22 @@ The placeholders are:
- '%P': parent hashes
- '%p': abbreviated parent hashes
- '%an': author name
-- '%aN': author name (respecting .mailmap, see linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
+- '%aN': author name (respecting .mailmap, see linkgit:git-shortlog[1]
+ or linkgit:git-blame[1])
- '%ae': author email
-- '%aE': author email (respecting .mailmap, see linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
+- '%aE': author email (respecting .mailmap, see
+ linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
- '%ad': author date (format respects --date= option)
- '%aD': author date, RFC2822 style
- '%ar': author date, relative
- '%at': author date, UNIX timestamp
- '%ai': author date, ISO 8601 format
- '%cn': committer name
-- '%cN': committer name (respecting .mailmap, see linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
+- '%cN': committer name (respecting .mailmap, see
+ linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
- '%ce': committer email
-- '%cE': committer email (respecting .mailmap, see linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
+- '%cE': committer email (respecting .mailmap, see
+ linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
- '%cd': committer date
- '%cD': committer date, RFC2822 style
- '%cr': committer date, relative
@@ -131,14 +135,18 @@ The placeholders are:
- '%B': raw body (unwrapped subject and body)
- '%N': commit notes
- '%GG': raw verification message from GPG for a signed commit
-- '%G?': show either "G" for Good or "B" for Bad for a signed commit
+- '%G?': show "G" for a Good signature, "B" for a Bad signature, "U" for a good,
+ untrusted signature and "N" for no signature
- '%GS': show the name of the signer for a signed commit
+- '%GK': show the key used to sign a signed commit
- '%gD': reflog selector, e.g., `refs/stash@{1}`
- '%gd': shortened reflog selector, e.g., `stash@{1}`
- '%gn': reflog identity name
-- '%gN': reflog identity name (respecting .mailmap, see linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
+- '%gN': reflog identity name (respecting .mailmap, see
+ linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
- '%ge': reflog identity email
-- '%gE': reflog identity email (respecting .mailmap, see linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
+- '%gE': reflog identity email (respecting .mailmap, see
+ linkgit:git-shortlog[1] or linkgit:git-blame[1])
- '%gs': reflog subject
- '%Cred': switch color to red
- '%Cgreen': switch color to green
@@ -148,13 +156,28 @@ The placeholders are:
adding `auto,` at the beginning will emit color only when colors are
enabled for log output (by `color.diff`, `color.ui`, or `--color`, and
respecting the `auto` settings of the former if we are going to a
- terminal)
+ terminal). `auto` alone (i.e. `%C(auto)`) will turn on auto coloring
+ on the next placeholders until the color is switched again.
- '%m': left, right or boundary mark
- '%n': newline
- '%%': a raw '%'
- '%x00': print a byte from a hex code
- '%w([<w>[,<i1>[,<i2>]]])': switch line wrapping, like the -w option of
linkgit:git-shortlog[1].
+- '%<(<N>[,trunc|ltrunc|mtrunc])': make the next placeholder take at
+ least N columns, padding spaces on the right if necessary.
+ Optionally truncate at the beginning (ltrunc), the middle (mtrunc)
+ or the end (trunc) if the output is longer than N columns.
+ Note that truncating only works correctly with N >= 2.
+- '%<|(<N>)': make the next placeholder take at least until Nth
+ columns, padding spaces on the right if necessary
+- '%>(<N>)', '%>|(<N>)': similar to '%<(<N>)', '%<|(<N>)'
+ respectively, but padding spaces on the left
+- '%>>(<N>)', '%>>|(<N>)': similar to '%>(<N>)', '%>|(<N>)'
+ respectively, except that if the next placeholder takes more spaces
+ than given and there are spaces on its left, use those spaces
+- '%><(<N>)', '%><|(<N>)': similar to '% <(<N>)', '%<|(<N>)'
+ respectively, but padding both sides (i.e. the text is centered)
NOTE: Some placeholders may depend on other options given to the
revision traversal engine. For example, the `%g*` reflog options will
diff --git a/Documentation/pretty-options.txt b/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
index 5e49942..eea0e30 100644
--- a/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pretty-options.txt
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ people using 80-column terminals.
This is a shorthand for "--pretty=oneline --abbrev-commit"
used together.
---encoding[=<encoding>]::
+--encoding=<encoding>::
The commit objects record the encoding used for the log message
in their encoding header; this option can be used to tell the
command to re-code the commit log message in the encoding
diff --git a/Documentation/pull-fetch-param.txt b/Documentation/pull-fetch-param.txt
index 94a9d32..18cffc2 100644
--- a/Documentation/pull-fetch-param.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pull-fetch-param.txt
@@ -68,6 +68,11 @@ Some short-cut notations are also supported.
+
* `tag <tag>` means the same as `refs/tags/<tag>:refs/tags/<tag>`;
it requests fetching everything up to the given tag.
-* A parameter <ref> without a colon is equivalent to
- <ref>: when pulling/fetching, so it merges <ref> into the current
- branch without storing the remote branch anywhere locally
+ifndef::git-pull[]
+* A parameter <ref> without a colon fetches that ref into FETCH_HEAD,
+endif::git-pull[]
+ifdef::git-pull[]
+* A parameter <ref> without a colon merges <ref> into the current
+ branch,
+endif::git-pull[]
+ and updates the remote-tracking branches (if any).
diff --git a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
index 3bdbf5e..5bdfb42 100644
--- a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@ if it is part of the log message.
--no-min-parents::
--no-max-parents::
- Show only commits which have at least (or at most) that many
+ Show only commits which have at least (or at most) that many parent
commits. In particular, `--max-parents=1` is the same as `--no-merges`,
`--min-parents=2` is the same as `--merges`. `--max-parents=0`
gives all root commits and `--min-parents=3` all octopus merges.
@@ -271,8 +271,8 @@ See also linkgit:git-reflog[1].
--boundary::
- Output uninteresting commits at the boundary, which are usually
- not shown.
+ Output excluded boundary commits. Boundary commits are
+ prefixed with `-`.
--
@@ -342,13 +342,13 @@ In the following, we will always refer to the same example history to
illustrate the differences between simplification settings. We assume
that you are filtering for a file `foo` in this commit graph:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
- .-A---M---N---O---P
- / / / / /
- I B C D E
- \ / / / /
- `-------------'
+ .-A---M---N---O---P---Q
+ / / / / / /
+ I B C D E Y
+ \ / / / / /
+ `-------------' X
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
-The horizontal line of history A---P is taken to be the first parent of
+The horizontal line of history A---Q is taken to be the first parent of
each merge. The commits are:
* `I` is the initial commit, in which `foo` exists with contents
@@ -367,8 +367,11 @@ each merge. The commits are:
`N` and `D` to "foobarbaz"; i.e., it is not TREESAME to any parent.
* `E` changes `quux` to "xyzzy", and its merge `P` combines the
- strings to "quux xyzzy". Despite appearing interesting, `P` is
- TREESAME to all parents.
+ strings to "quux xyzzy". `P` is TREESAME to `O`, but not to `E`.
+
+* `X` is an independent root commit that added a new file `side`, and `Y`
+ modified it. `Y` is TREESAME to `X`. Its merge `Q` added `side` to `P`, and
+ `Q` is TREESAME to `P`, but not to `Y`.
'rev-list' walks backwards through history, including or excluding
commits based on whether '\--full-history' and/or parent rewriting
@@ -410,10 +413,10 @@ parent lines.
the example, we get
+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
- I A B N D O
+ I A B N D O P Q
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
-`P` and `M` were excluded because they are TREESAME to a parent. `E`,
+`M` was excluded because it is TREESAME to both parents. `E`,
`C` and `B` were all walked, but only `B` was !TREESAME, so the others
do not appear.
+
@@ -431,7 +434,7 @@ Along each parent, prune away commits that are not included
themselves. This results in
+
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
- .-A---M---N---O---P
+ .-A---M---N---O---P---Q
/ / / / /
I B / D /
\ / / / /
@@ -441,7 +444,7 @@ themselves. This results in
Compare to '\--full-history' without rewriting above. Note that `E`
was pruned away because it is TREESAME, but the parent list of P was
rewritten to contain `E`'s parent `I`. The same happened for `C` and
-`N`. Note also that `P` was included despite being TREESAME.
+`N`, and `X`, `Y` and `Q`.
In addition to the above settings, you can change whether TREESAME
affects inclusion:
@@ -471,8 +474,9 @@ history according to the following rules:
* Set `C'` to `C`.
+
* Replace each parent `P` of `C'` with its simplification `P'`. In
- the process, drop parents that are ancestors of other parents, and
- remove duplicates.
+ the process, drop parents that are ancestors of other parents or that are
+ root commits TREESAME to an empty tree, and remove duplicates, but take care
+ to never drop all parents that we are TREESAME to.
+
* If after this parent rewriting, `C'` is a root or merge commit (has
zero or >1 parents), a boundary commit, or !TREESAME, it remains.
@@ -490,7 +494,7 @@ The effect of this is best shown by way of comparing to
`---------'
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
-Note the major differences in `N` and `P` over '--full-history':
+Note the major differences in `N`, `P` and `Q` over '--full-history':
+
--
* `N`'s parent list had `I` removed, because it is an ancestor of the
@@ -498,6 +502,10 @@ Note the major differences in `N` and `P` over '--full-history':
+
* `P`'s parent list similarly had `I` removed. `P` was then
removed completely, because it had one parent and is TREESAME.
++
+* `Q`'s parent list had `Y` simplified to `X`. `X` was then removed, because it
+ was a TREESAME root. `Q` was then removed completely, because it had one
+ parent and is TREESAME.
--
Finally, there is a fifth simplification mode available:
@@ -617,6 +625,10 @@ By default, the commits are shown in reverse chronological order.
Show no parents before all of its children are shown, but
otherwise show commits in the commit timestamp order.
+--author-date-order::
+ Show no parents before all of its children are shown, but
+ otherwise show commits in the author timestamp order.
+
--topo-order::
Show no parents before all of its children are shown, and
avoid showing commits on multiple lines of history
@@ -837,7 +849,4 @@ options may be given. See linkgit:git-diff-files[1] for more options.
-t::
Show the tree objects in the diff output. This implies '-r'.
-
--s::
- Suppress diff output.
endif::git-rev-list[]
diff --git a/Documentation/revisions.txt b/Documentation/revisions.txt
index 678d175..d477b3f 100644
--- a/Documentation/revisions.txt
+++ b/Documentation/revisions.txt
@@ -2,13 +2,13 @@ SPECIFYING REVISIONS
--------------------
A revision parameter '<rev>' typically, but not necessarily, names a
-commit object. It uses what is called an 'extended SHA1'
+commit object. It uses what is called an 'extended SHA-1'
syntax. Here are various ways to spell object names. The
ones listed near the end of this list name trees and
blobs contained in a commit.
'<sha1>', e.g. 'dae86e1950b1277e545cee180551750029cfe735', 'dae86e'::
- The full SHA1 object name (40-byte hexadecimal string), or
+ The full SHA-1 object name (40-byte hexadecimal string), or
a leading substring that is unique within the repository.
E.g. dae86e1950b1277e545cee180551750029cfe735 and dae86e both
name the same commit object if there is no other object in
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@ when you run `git cherry-pick`.
+
Note that any of the 'refs/*' cases above may come either from
the '$GIT_DIR/refs' directory or from the '$GIT_DIR/packed-refs' file.
-While the ref name encoding is unspecified, UTF-8 is prefered as
+While the ref name encoding is unspecified, UTF-8 is preferred as
some output processing may assume ref names in UTF-8.
'<refname>@\{<date>\}', e.g. 'master@\{yesterday\}', 'HEAD@\{5 minutes ago\}'::
@@ -88,10 +88,10 @@ some output processing may assume ref names in UTF-8.
The construct '@\{-<n>\}' means the <n>th branch checked out
before the current one.
-'<refname>@\{upstream\}', e.g. 'master@\{upstream\}', '@\{u\}'::
- The suffix '@\{upstream\}' to a ref (short form '<refname>@\{u\}') refers to
- the branch the ref is set to build on top of. A missing ref defaults
- to the current branch.
+'<branchname>@\{upstream\}', e.g. 'master@\{upstream\}', '@\{u\}'::
+ The suffix '@\{upstream\}' to a branchname (short form '<branchname>@\{u\}')
+ refers to the branch that the branch specified by branchname is set to build on
+ top of. A missing branchname defaults to the current one.
'<rev>{caret}', e.g. 'HEAD{caret}, v1.5.1{caret}0'::
A suffix '{caret}' to a revision parameter means the first parent of
@@ -116,6 +116,11 @@ some output processing may assume ref names in UTF-8.
object of that type is found or the object cannot be
dereferenced anymore (in which case, barf). '<rev>{caret}0'
is a short-hand for '<rev>{caret}\{commit\}'.
++
+'rev{caret}\{object\}' can be used to make sure 'rev' names an
+object that exists, without requiring 'rev' to be a tag, and
+without dereferencing 'rev'; because a tag is already an object,
+it does not have to be dereferenced even once to get to an object.
'<rev>{caret}\{\}', e.g. 'v0.99.8{caret}\{\}'::
A suffix '{caret}' followed by an empty brace pair
@@ -239,11 +244,13 @@ To summarize:
'<rev1>..<rev2>'::
Include commits that are reachable from <rev2> but exclude
- those that are reachable from <rev1>.
+ those that are reachable from <rev1>. When either <rev1> or
+ <rev2> is omitted, it defaults to 'HEAD'.
'<rev1>\...<rev2>'::
Include commits that are reachable from either <rev1> or
- <rev2> but exclude those that are reachable from both.
+ <rev2> but exclude those that are reachable from both. When
+ either <rev1> or <rev2> is omitted, it defaults to 'HEAD'.
'<rev>{caret}@', e.g. 'HEAD{caret}@'::
A suffix '{caret}' followed by an at sign is the same as listing
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-argv-array.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-argv-array.txt
index a959517..a6b7d83 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-argv-array.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-argv-array.txt
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@ Functions
initial, empty state.
`argv_array_detach`::
- Detach the argv array from the `struct argv_array`, transfering
+ Detach the argv array from the `struct argv_array`, transferring
ownership of the allocated array and strings.
`argv_array_free_detached`::
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-builtin.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-builtin.txt
index 4a4228b..f3c1357 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-builtin.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-builtin.txt
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ where options is the bitwise-or of:
on bare repositories.
This only makes sense when `RUN_SETUP` is also set.
-. Add `builtin-foo.o` to `BUILTIN_OBJS` in `Makefile`.
+. Add `builtin/foo.o` to `BUILTIN_OBJS` in `Makefile`.
Additionally, if `foo` is a new command, there are 3 more things to do:
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
index 516fda7..c1b42a4 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-credentials.txt
@@ -160,7 +160,7 @@ int foo_login(struct foo_connection *f)
break;
default:
/*
- * Some other error occured. We don't know if the
+ * Some other error occurred. We don't know if the
* credential is good or bad, so report nothing to the
* credential subsystem.
*/
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt
index 1f349b2..7f8e78d 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-directory-listing.txt
@@ -22,12 +22,23 @@ The notable options are:
`flags`::
- A bit-field of options:
+ A bit-field of options (the `*IGNORED*` flags are mutually exclusive):
`DIR_SHOW_IGNORED`:::
- The traversal is for finding just ignored files, not unignored
- files.
+ Return just ignored files in `entries[]`, not untracked files.
+
+`DIR_SHOW_IGNORED_TOO`:::
+
+ Similar to `DIR_SHOW_IGNORED`, but return ignored files in `ignored[]`
+ in addition to untracked files in `entries[]`.
+
+`DIR_COLLECT_IGNORED`:::
+
+ Special mode for git-add. Return ignored files in `ignored[]` and
+ untracked files in `entries[]`. Only returns ignored files that match
+ pathspec exactly (no wildcards). Does not recurse into ignored
+ directories.
`DIR_SHOW_OTHER_DIRECTORIES`:::
@@ -57,6 +68,14 @@ The result of the enumeration is left in these fields:
Internal use; keeps track of allocation of `entries[]` array.
+`ignored[]`::
+
+ An array of `struct dir_entry`, used for ignored paths with the
+ `DIR_SHOW_IGNORED_TOO` and `DIR_COLLECT_IGNORED` flags.
+
+`ignored_nr`::
+
+ The number of members in `ignored[]` array.
Calling sequence
----------------
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
index 32ddc1c..0be2b51 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-parse-options.txt
@@ -41,6 +41,8 @@ The parse-options API allows:
* Boolean long options can be 'negated' (or 'unset') by prepending
`no-`, e.g. `--no-abbrev` instead of `--abbrev`. Conversely,
options that begin with `no-` can be 'negated' by removing it.
+ Other long options can be unset (e.g., set string to NULL, set
+ integer to 0) by prepending `no-`.
* Options and non-option arguments can clearly be separated using the `--`
option, e.g. `-a -b --option -- --this-is-a-file` indicates that
@@ -174,6 +176,10 @@ There are some macros to easily define options:
Introduce an option with date argument, see `approxidate()`.
The timestamp is put into `int_var`.
+`OPT_EXPIRY_DATE(short, long, &int_var, description)`::
+ Introduce an option with expiry date argument, see `parse_expiry_date()`.
+ The timestamp is put into `int_var`.
+
`OPT_CALLBACK(short, long, &var, arg_str, description, func_ptr)`::
Introduce an option with argument.
The argument will be fed into the function given by `func_ptr`
@@ -269,10 +275,10 @@ Examples
--------
See `test-parse-options.c` and
-`builtin-add.c`,
-`builtin-clone.c`,
-`builtin-commit.c`,
-`builtin-fetch.c`,
-`builtin-fsck.c`,
-`builtin-rm.c`
+`builtin/add.c`,
+`builtin/clone.c`,
+`builtin/commit.c`,
+`builtin/fetch.c`,
+`builtin/fsck.c`,
+`builtin/rm.c`
for real-world examples.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-ref-iteration.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-ref-iteration.txt
index dbbea95..aa1c50f 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-ref-iteration.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-ref-iteration.txt
@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@ Iteration functions
* `head_ref_submodule()`, `for_each_ref_submodule()`,
`for_each_ref_in_submodule()`, `for_each_tag_ref_submodule()`,
`for_each_branch_ref_submodule()`, `for_each_remote_ref_submodule()`
- do the same as the functions descibed above but for a specified
+ do the same as the functions described above but for a specified
submodule.
* `for_each_rawref()` can be used to learn about broken ref and symref.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-revision-walking.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-revision-walking.txt
index b7d0d9a..55b878a 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-revision-walking.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-revision-walking.txt
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ function.
`reset_revision_walk`::
Reset the flags used by the revision walking api. You can use
- this to do multiple sequencial revision walks.
+ this to do multiple sequential revision walks.
Data structures
---------------
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt
index 45d1c51..3e75497 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-sha1-array.txt
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
sha1-array API
==============
-The sha1-array API provides storage and manipulation of sets of SHA1
+The sha1-array API provides storage and manipulation of sets of SHA-1
identifiers. The emphasis is on storage and processing efficiency,
making them suitable for large lists. Note that the ordering of items is
not preserved over some operations.
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ Data Structures
`struct sha1_array`::
- A single array of SHA1 hashes. This should be initialized by
+ A single array of SHA-1 hashes. This should be initialized by
assignment from `SHA1_ARRAY_INIT`. The `sha1` member contains
the actual data. The `nr` member contains the number of items in
the set. The `alloc` and `sorted` members are used internally,
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt
index 2c59cb2..3350d97 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-strbuf.txt
@@ -230,6 +230,11 @@ which can be used by the programmer of the callback as she sees fit.
destination. This is useful for literal data to be fed to either
strbuf_expand or to the *printf family of functions.
+`strbuf_humanise_bytes`::
+
+ Append the given byte size as a human-readable string (i.e. 12.23 KiB,
+ 3.50 MiB).
+
`strbuf_addf`::
Add a formatted string to the buffer.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/http-protocol.txt b/Documentation/technical/http-protocol.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a1173ee
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/technical/http-protocol.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,503 @@
+HTTP transfer protocols
+=======================
+
+Git supports two HTTP based transfer protocols. A "dumb" protocol
+which requires only a standard HTTP server on the server end of the
+connection, and a "smart" protocol which requires a Git aware CGI
+(or server module). This document describes both protocols.
+
+As a design feature smart clients can automatically upgrade "dumb"
+protocol URLs to smart URLs. This permits all users to have the
+same published URL, and the peers automatically select the most
+efficient transport available to them.
+
+
+URL Format
+----------
+
+URLs for Git repositories accessed by HTTP use the standard HTTP
+URL syntax documented by RFC 1738, so they are of the form:
+
+ http://<host>:<port>/<path>?<searchpart>
+
+Within this documentation the placeholder $GIT_URL will stand for
+the http:// repository URL entered by the end-user.
+
+Servers SHOULD handle all requests to locations matching $GIT_URL, as
+both the "smart" and "dumb" HTTP protocols used by Git operate
+by appending additional path components onto the end of the user
+supplied $GIT_URL string.
+
+An example of a dumb client requesting for a loose object:
+
+ $GIT_URL: http://example.com:8080/git/repo.git
+ URL request: http://example.com:8080/git/repo.git/objects/d0/49f6c27a2244e12041955e262a404c7faba355
+
+An example of a smart request to a catch-all gateway:
+
+ $GIT_URL: http://example.com/daemon.cgi?svc=git&q=
+ URL request: http://example.com/daemon.cgi?svc=git&q=/info/refs&service=git-receive-pack
+
+An example of a request to a submodule:
+
+ $GIT_URL: http://example.com/git/repo.git/path/submodule.git
+ URL request: http://example.com/git/repo.git/path/submodule.git/info/refs
+
+Clients MUST strip a trailing '/', if present, from the user supplied
+$GIT_URL string to prevent empty path tokens ('//') from appearing
+in any URL sent to a server. Compatible clients MUST expand
+'$GIT_URL/info/refs' as 'foo/info/refs' and not 'foo//info/refs'.
+
+
+Authentication
+--------------
+
+Standard HTTP authentication is used if authentication is required
+to access a repository, and MAY be configured and enforced by the
+HTTP server software.
+
+Because Git repositories are accessed by standard path components
+server administrators MAY use directory based permissions within
+their HTTP server to control repository access.
+
+Clients SHOULD support Basic authentication as described by RFC 2616.
+Servers SHOULD support Basic authentication by relying upon the
+HTTP server placed in front of the Git server software.
+
+Servers SHOULD NOT require HTTP cookies for the purposes of
+authentication or access control.
+
+Clients and servers MAY support other common forms of HTTP based
+authentication, such as Digest authentication.
+
+
+SSL
+---
+
+Clients and servers SHOULD support SSL, particularly to protect
+passwords when relying on Basic HTTP authentication.
+
+
+Session State
+-------------
+
+The Git over HTTP protocol (much like HTTP itself) is stateless
+from the perspective of the HTTP server side. All state MUST be
+retained and managed by the client process. This permits simple
+round-robin load-balancing on the server side, without needing to
+worry about state management.
+
+Clients MUST NOT require state management on the server side in
+order to function correctly.
+
+Servers MUST NOT require HTTP cookies in order to function correctly.
+Clients MAY store and forward HTTP cookies during request processing
+as described by RFC 2616 (HTTP/1.1). Servers SHOULD ignore any
+cookies sent by a client.
+
+
+General Request Processing
+--------------------------
+
+Except where noted, all standard HTTP behavior SHOULD be assumed
+by both client and server. This includes (but is not necessarily
+limited to):
+
+If there is no repository at $GIT_URL, or the resource pointed to by a
+location matching $GIT_URL does not exist, the server MUST NOT respond
+with '200 OK' response. A server SHOULD respond with
+'404 Not Found', '410 Gone', or any other suitable HTTP status code
+which does not imply the resource exists as requested.
+
+If there is a repository at $GIT_URL, but access is not currently
+permitted, the server MUST respond with the '403 Forbidden' HTTP
+status code.
+
+Servers SHOULD support both HTTP 1.0 and HTTP 1.1.
+Servers SHOULD support chunked encoding for both request and response
+bodies.
+
+Clients SHOULD support both HTTP 1.0 and HTTP 1.1.
+Clients SHOULD support chunked encoding for both request and response
+bodies.
+
+Servers MAY return ETag and/or Last-Modified headers.
+
+Clients MAY revalidate cached entities by including If-Modified-Since
+and/or If-None-Match request headers.
+
+Servers MAY return '304 Not Modified' if the relevant headers appear
+in the request and the entity has not changed. Clients MUST treat
+'304 Not Modified' identical to '200 OK' by reusing the cached entity.
+
+Clients MAY reuse a cached entity without revalidation if the
+Cache-Control and/or Expires header permits caching. Clients and
+servers MUST follow RFC 2616 for cache controls.
+
+
+Discovering References
+----------------------
+
+All HTTP clients MUST begin either a fetch or a push exchange by
+discovering the references available on the remote repository.
+
+Dumb Clients
+~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+HTTP clients that only support the "dumb" protocol MUST discover
+references by making a request for the special info/refs file of
+the repository.
+
+Dumb HTTP clients MUST make a GET request to $GIT_URL/info/refs,
+without any search/query parameters.
+
+ C: GET $GIT_URL/info/refs HTTP/1.0
+
+ S: 200 OK
+ S:
+ S: 95dcfa3633004da0049d3d0fa03f80589cbcaf31 refs/heads/maint
+ S: d049f6c27a2244e12041955e262a404c7faba355 refs/heads/master
+ S: 2cb58b79488a98d2721cea644875a8dd0026b115 refs/tags/v1.0
+ S: a3c2e2402b99163d1d59756e5f207ae21cccba4c refs/tags/v1.0^{}
+
+The Content-Type of the returned info/refs entity SHOULD be
+"text/plain; charset=utf-8", but MAY be any content type.
+Clients MUST NOT attempt to validate the returned Content-Type.
+Dumb servers MUST NOT return a return type starting with
+"application/x-git-".
+
+Cache-Control headers MAY be returned to disable caching of the
+returned entity.
+
+When examining the response clients SHOULD only examine the HTTP
+status code. Valid responses are '200 OK', or '304 Not Modified'.
+
+The returned content is a UNIX formatted text file describing
+each ref and its known value. The file SHOULD be sorted by name
+according to the C locale ordering. The file SHOULD NOT include
+the default ref named 'HEAD'.
+
+ info_refs = *( ref_record )
+ ref_record = any_ref / peeled_ref
+
+ any_ref = obj-id HTAB refname LF
+ peeled_ref = obj-id HTAB refname LF
+ obj-id HTAB refname "^{}" LF
+
+Smart Clients
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+HTTP clients that support the "smart" protocol (or both the
+"smart" and "dumb" protocols) MUST discover references by making
+a parameterized request for the info/refs file of the repository.
+
+The request MUST contain exactly one query parameter,
+'service=$servicename', where $servicename MUST be the service
+name the client wishes to contact to complete the operation.
+The request MUST NOT contain additional query parameters.
+
+ C: GET $GIT_URL/info/refs?service=git-upload-pack HTTP/1.0
+
+ dumb server reply:
+ S: 200 OK
+ S:
+ S: 95dcfa3633004da0049d3d0fa03f80589cbcaf31 refs/heads/maint
+ S: d049f6c27a2244e12041955e262a404c7faba355 refs/heads/master
+ S: 2cb58b79488a98d2721cea644875a8dd0026b115 refs/tags/v1.0
+ S: a3c2e2402b99163d1d59756e5f207ae21cccba4c refs/tags/v1.0^{}
+
+ smart server reply:
+ S: 200 OK
+ S: Content-Type: application/x-git-upload-pack-advertisement
+ S: Cache-Control: no-cache
+ S:
+ S: 001e# service=git-upload-pack\n
+ S: 004895dcfa3633004da0049d3d0fa03f80589cbcaf31 refs/heads/maint\0multi_ack\n
+ S: 0042d049f6c27a2244e12041955e262a404c7faba355 refs/heads/master\n
+ S: 003c2cb58b79488a98d2721cea644875a8dd0026b115 refs/tags/v1.0\n
+ S: 003fa3c2e2402b99163d1d59756e5f207ae21cccba4c refs/tags/v1.0^{}\n
+
+Dumb Server Response
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+Dumb servers MUST respond with the dumb server reply format.
+
+See the prior section under dumb clients for a more detailed
+description of the dumb server response.
+
+Smart Server Response
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+If the server does not recognize the requested service name, or the
+requested service name has been disabled by the server administrator,
+the server MUST respond with the '403 Forbidden' HTTP status code.
+
+Otherwise, smart servers MUST respond with the smart server reply
+format for the requested service name.
+
+Cache-Control headers SHOULD be used to disable caching of the
+returned entity.
+
+The Content-Type MUST be 'application/x-$servicename-advertisement'.
+Clients SHOULD fall back to the dumb protocol if another content
+type is returned. When falling back to the dumb protocol clients
+SHOULD NOT make an additional request to $GIT_URL/info/refs, but
+instead SHOULD use the response already in hand. Clients MUST NOT
+continue if they do not support the dumb protocol.
+
+Clients MUST validate the status code is either '200 OK' or
+'304 Not Modified'.
+
+Clients MUST validate the first five bytes of the response entity
+matches the regex "^[0-9a-f]{4}#". If this test fails, clients
+MUST NOT continue.
+
+Clients MUST parse the entire response as a sequence of pkt-line
+records.
+
+Clients MUST verify the first pkt-line is "# service=$servicename".
+Servers MUST set $servicename to be the request parameter value.
+Servers SHOULD include an LF at the end of this line.
+Clients MUST ignore an LF at the end of the line.
+
+Servers MUST terminate the response with the magic "0000" end
+pkt-line marker.
+
+The returned response is a pkt-line stream describing each ref and
+its known value. The stream SHOULD be sorted by name according to
+the C locale ordering. The stream SHOULD include the default ref
+named 'HEAD' as the first ref. The stream MUST include capability
+declarations behind a NUL on the first ref.
+
+ smart_reply = PKT-LINE("# service=$servicename" LF)
+ ref_list
+ "0000"
+ ref_list = empty_list / non_empty_list
+
+ empty_list = PKT-LINE(zero-id SP "capabilities^{}" NUL cap-list LF)
+
+ non_empty_list = PKT-LINE(obj-id SP name NUL cap_list LF)
+ *ref_record
+
+ cap-list = capability *(SP capability)
+ capability = 1*(LC_ALPHA / DIGIT / "-" / "_")
+ LC_ALPHA = %x61-7A
+
+ ref_record = any_ref / peeled_ref
+ any_ref = PKT-LINE(obj-id SP name LF)
+ peeled_ref = PKT-LINE(obj-id SP name LF)
+ PKT-LINE(obj-id SP name "^{}" LF
+
+Smart Service git-upload-pack
+------------------------------
+This service reads from the repository pointed to by $GIT_URL.
+
+Clients MUST first perform ref discovery with
+'$GIT_URL/info/refs?service=git-upload-pack'.
+
+ C: POST $GIT_URL/git-upload-pack HTTP/1.0
+ C: Content-Type: application/x-git-upload-pack-request
+ C:
+ C: 0032want 0a53e9ddeaddad63ad106860237bbf53411d11a7\n
+ C: 0032have 441b40d833fdfa93eb2908e52742248faf0ee993\n
+ C: 0000
+
+ S: 200 OK
+ S: Content-Type: application/x-git-upload-pack-result
+ S: Cache-Control: no-cache
+ S:
+ S: ....ACK %s, continue
+ S: ....NAK
+
+Clients MUST NOT reuse or revalidate a cached reponse.
+Servers MUST include sufficient Cache-Control headers
+to prevent caching of the response.
+
+Servers SHOULD support all capabilities defined here.
+
+Clients MUST send at least one 'want' command in the request body.
+Clients MUST NOT reference an id in a 'want' command which did not
+appear in the response obtained through ref discovery unless the
+server advertises capability "allow-tip-sha1-in-want".
+
+ compute_request = want_list
+ have_list
+ request_end
+ request_end = "0000" / "done"
+
+ want_list = PKT-LINE(want NUL cap_list LF)
+ *(want_pkt)
+ want_pkt = PKT-LINE(want LF)
+ want = "want" SP id
+ cap_list = *(SP capability) SP
+
+ have_list = *PKT-LINE("have" SP id LF)
+
+TODO: Document this further.
+TODO: Don't use uppercase for variable names below.
+
+The Negotiation Algorithm
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+The computation to select the minimal pack proceeds as follows
+(c = client, s = server):
+
+ init step:
+ (c) Use ref discovery to obtain the advertised refs.
+ (c) Place any object seen into set ADVERTISED.
+
+ (c) Build an empty set, COMMON, to hold the objects that are later
+ determined to be on both ends.
+ (c) Build a set, WANT, of the objects from ADVERTISED the client
+ wants to fetch, based on what it saw during ref discovery.
+
+ (c) Start a queue, C_PENDING, ordered by commit time (popping newest
+ first). Add all client refs. When a commit is popped from
+ the queue its parents SHOULD be automatically inserted back.
+ Commits MUST only enter the queue once.
+
+ one compute step:
+ (c) Send one $GIT_URL/git-upload-pack request:
+
+ C: 0032want <WANT #1>...............................
+ C: 0032want <WANT #2>...............................
+ ....
+ C: 0032have <COMMON #1>.............................
+ C: 0032have <COMMON #2>.............................
+ ....
+ C: 0032have <HAVE #1>...............................
+ C: 0032have <HAVE #2>...............................
+ ....
+ C: 0000
+
+ The stream is organized into "commands", with each command
+ appearing by itself in a pkt-line. Within a command line
+ the text leading up to the first space is the command name,
+ and the remainder of the line to the first LF is the value.
+ Command lines are terminated with an LF as the last byte of
+ the pkt-line value.
+
+ Commands MUST appear in the following order, if they appear
+ at all in the request stream:
+
+ * want
+ * have
+
+ The stream is terminated by a pkt-line flush ("0000").
+
+ A single "want" or "have" command MUST have one hex formatted
+ SHA-1 as its value. Multiple SHA-1s MUST be sent by sending
+ multiple commands.
+
+ The HAVE list is created by popping the first 32 commits
+ from C_PENDING. Less can be supplied if C_PENDING empties.
+
+ If the client has sent 256 HAVE commits and has not yet
+ received one of those back from S_COMMON, or the client has
+ emptied C_PENDING it SHOULD include a "done" command to let
+ the server know it won't proceed:
+
+ C: 0009done
+
+ (s) Parse the git-upload-pack request:
+
+ Verify all objects in WANT are directly reachable from refs.
+
+ The server MAY walk backwards through history or through
+ the reflog to permit slightly stale requests.
+
+ If no WANT objects are received, send an error:
+
+TODO: Define error if no want lines are requested.
+
+ If any WANT object is not reachable, send an error:
+
+TODO: Define error if an invalid want is requested.
+
+ Create an empty list, S_COMMON.
+
+ If 'have' was sent:
+
+ Loop through the objects in the order supplied by the client.
+ For each object, if the server has the object reachable from
+ a ref, add it to S_COMMON. If a commit is added to S_COMMON,
+ do not add any ancestors, even if they also appear in HAVE.
+
+ (s) Send the git-upload-pack response:
+
+ If the server has found a closed set of objects to pack or the
+ request ends with "done", it replies with the pack.
+
+TODO: Document the pack based response
+ S: PACK...
+
+ The returned stream is the side-band-64k protocol supported
+ by the git-upload-pack service, and the pack is embedded into
+ stream 1. Progress messages from the server side MAY appear
+ in stream 2.
+
+ Here a "closed set of objects" is defined to have at least
+ one path from every WANT to at least one COMMON object.
+
+ If the server needs more information, it replies with a
+ status continue response:
+
+TODO: Document the non-pack response
+
+ (c) Parse the upload-pack response:
+
+TODO: Document parsing response
+
+ Do another compute step.
+
+
+Smart Service git-receive-pack
+------------------------------
+This service reads from the repository pointed to by $GIT_URL.
+
+Clients MUST first perform ref discovery with
+'$GIT_URL/info/refs?service=git-receive-pack'.
+
+ C: POST $GIT_URL/git-receive-pack HTTP/1.0
+ C: Content-Type: application/x-git-receive-pack-request
+ C:
+ C: ....0a53e9ddeaddad63ad106860237bbf53411d11a7 441b40d833fdfa93eb2908e52742248faf0ee993 refs/heads/maint\0 report-status
+ C: 0000
+ C: PACK....
+
+ S: 200 OK
+ S: Content-Type: application/x-git-receive-pack-result
+ S: Cache-Control: no-cache
+ S:
+ S: ....
+
+Clients MUST NOT reuse or revalidate a cached reponse.
+Servers MUST include sufficient Cache-Control headers
+to prevent caching of the response.
+
+Servers SHOULD support all capabilities defined here.
+
+Clients MUST send at least one command in the request body.
+Within the command portion of the request body clients SHOULD send
+the id obtained through ref discovery as old_id.
+
+ update_request = command_list
+ "PACK" <binary data>
+
+ command_list = PKT-LINE(command NUL cap_list LF)
+ *(command_pkt)
+ command_pkt = PKT-LINE(command LF)
+ cap_list = *(SP capability) SP
+
+ command = create / delete / update
+ create = zero-id SP new_id SP name
+ delete = old_id SP zero-id SP name
+ update = old_id SP new_id SP name
+
+TODO: Document this further.
+
+
+References
+----------
+
+link:http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1738.txt[RFC 1738: Uniform Resource Locators (URL)]
+link:http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2616.txt[RFC 2616: Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1]
+link:technical/pack-protocol.txt
+link:technical/protocol-capabilities.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt b/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt
index 27c716b..f352a9b 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/index-format.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ Git index format
The signature is { 'D', 'I', 'R', 'C' } (stands for "dircache")
4-byte version number:
- The current supported versions are 2 and 3.
+ The current supported versions are 2, 3 and 4.
32-bit number of index entries.
@@ -93,8 +93,8 @@ Git index format
12-bit name length if the length is less than 0xFFF; otherwise 0xFFF
is stored in this field.
- (Version 3) A 16-bit field, only applicable if the "extended flag"
- above is 1, split into (high to low bits).
+ (Version 3 or later) A 16-bit field, only applicable if the
+ "extended flag" above is 1, split into (high to low bits).
1-bit reserved for future
@@ -175,7 +175,7 @@ Git index format
A conflict is represented in the index as a set of higher stage entries.
When a conflict is resolved (e.g. with "git add path"), these higher
- stage entries will be removed and a stage-0 entry with proper resoluton
+ stage entries will be removed and a stage-0 entry with proper resolution
is added.
When these higher stage entries are removed, they are saved in the
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt b/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt
index 0e37ec9..8e5bf60 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt
@@ -26,13 +26,15 @@ Git pack format
(deltified representation)
n-byte type and length (3-bit type, (n-1)*7+4-bit length)
- 20-byte base object name
+ 20-byte base object name if OBJ_REF_DELTA or a negative relative
+ offset from the delta object's position in the pack if this
+ is an OBJ_OFS_DELTA object
compressed delta data
Observation: length of each object is encoded in a variable
length format and is not constrained to 32-bit or anything.
- - The trailer records 20-byte SHA1 checksum of all of the above.
+ - The trailer records 20-byte SHA-1 checksum of all of the above.
== Original (version 1) pack-*.idx files have the following format:
@@ -53,10 +55,10 @@ Git pack format
- The file is concluded with a trailer:
- A copy of the 20-byte SHA1 checksum at the end of
+ A copy of the 20-byte SHA-1 checksum at the end of
corresponding packfile.
- 20-byte SHA1-checksum of all of the above.
+ 20-byte SHA-1-checksum of all of the above.
Pack Idx file:
@@ -104,7 +106,7 @@ Pack file entry: <+
If it is not DELTA, then deflated bytes (the size above
is the size before compression).
If it is REF_DELTA, then
- 20-byte base object name SHA1 (the size above is the
+ 20-byte base object name SHA-1 (the size above is the
size of the delta data that follows).
delta data, deflated.
If it is OFS_DELTA, then
@@ -133,7 +135,7 @@ Pack file entry: <+
- A 256-entry fan-out table just like v1.
- - A table of sorted 20-byte SHA1 object names. These are
+ - A table of sorted 20-byte SHA-1 object names. These are
packed together without offset values to reduce the cache
footprint of the binary search for a specific object name.
@@ -154,7 +156,7 @@ Pack file entry: <+
- The same trailer as a v1 pack file:
- A copy of the 20-byte SHA1 checksum at the end of
+ A copy of the 20-byte SHA-1 checksum at the end of
corresponding packfile.
- 20-byte SHA1-checksum of all of the above.
+ 20-byte SHA-1-checksum of all of the above.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/pack-heuristics.txt b/Documentation/technical/pack-heuristics.txt
index dbdf7ba..8b7ae1c 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/pack-heuristics.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/pack-heuristics.txt
@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ Ah, grasshopper! And thus the enlightenment begins anew.
<linus> The "magic" is actually in theory totally arbitrary.
ANY order will give you a working pack, but no, it's not
- ordered by SHA1.
+ ordered by SHA-1.
Before talking about the ordering for the sliding delta
window, let's talk about the recency order. That's more
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt b/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
index f1a51ed..b898e97 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt
@@ -228,8 +228,7 @@ obtained through ref discovery.
The client MUST write all obj-ids which it only has shallow copies
of (meaning that it does not have the parents of a commit) as
'shallow' lines so that the server is aware of the limitations of
-the client's history. Clients MUST NOT mention an obj-id which
-it does not know exists on the server.
+the client's history.
The client now sends the maximum commit history depth it wants for
this transaction, which is the number of commits it wants from the
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt b/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt
index b15517f..fd8ffa5 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/protocol-capabilities.txt
@@ -18,11 +18,12 @@ was sent. Server MUST NOT ignore capabilities that client requested
and server advertised. As a consequence of these rules, server MUST
NOT advertise capabilities it does not understand.
-The 'report-status' and 'delete-refs' capabilities are sent and
+The 'report-status', 'delete-refs', and 'quiet' capabilities are sent and
recognized by the receive-pack (push to server) process.
-The 'ofs-delta' capability is sent and recognized by both upload-pack
-and receive-pack protocols.
+The 'ofs-delta' and 'side-band-64k' capabilities are sent and recognized
+by both upload-pack and receive-pack protocols. The 'agent' capability
+may optionally be sent in both protocols.
All other capabilities are only recognized by the upload-pack (fetch
from server) process.
@@ -123,6 +124,20 @@ Server can send, and client understand PACKv2 with delta referring to
its base by position in pack rather than by an obj-id. That is, they can
send/read OBJ_OFS_DELTA (aka type 6) in a packfile.
+agent
+-----
+
+The server may optionally send a capability of the form `agent=X` to
+notify the client that the server is running version `X`. The client may
+optionally return its own agent string by responding with an `agent=Y`
+capability (but it MUST NOT do so if the server did not mention the
+agent capability). The `X` and `Y` strings may contain any printable
+ASCII characters except space (i.e., the byte range 32 < x < 127), and
+are typically of the form "package/version" (e.g., "git/1.8.3.1"). The
+agent strings are purely informative for statistics and debugging
+purposes, and MUST NOT be used to programatically assume the presence
+or absence of particular features.
+
shallow
-------
@@ -168,7 +183,7 @@ of whether or not there are tags available.
report-status
-------------
-The upload-pack process can receive a 'report-status' capability,
+The receive-pack process can receive a 'report-status' capability,
which tells it that the client wants a report of what happened after
a packfile upload and reference update. If the pushing client requests
this capability, after unpacking and updating references the server
@@ -185,3 +200,20 @@ it is capable of accepting a zero-id value as the target
value of a reference update. It is not sent back by the client, it
simply informs the client that it can be sent zero-id values
to delete references.
+
+quiet
+-----
+
+If the receive-pack server advertises the 'quiet' capability, it is
+capable of silencing human-readable progress output which otherwise may
+be shown when processing the received pack. A send-pack client should
+respond with the 'quiet' capability to suppress server-side progress
+reporting if the local progress reporting is also being suppressed
+(e.g., via `push -q`, or if stderr does not go to a tty).
+
+allow-tip-sha1-in-want
+----------------------
+
+If the upload-pack server advertises this capability, fetch-pack may
+send "want" lines with SHA-1s that exist at the server but are not
+advertised by upload-pack.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/racy-git.txt b/Documentation/technical/racy-git.txt
index 6dc82ca..242a044 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/racy-git.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/racy-git.txt
@@ -46,7 +46,7 @@ because in-core timestamps can have finer granularity than
on-disk timestamps, resulting in meaningless changes when an
inode is evicted from the inode cache. See commit 8ce13b0
of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tglx/history.git
-([PATCH] Sync in core time granuality with filesystems,
+([PATCH] Sync in core time granularity with filesystems,
2005-01-04).
Racy Git
@@ -135,9 +135,9 @@ them, and give the same timestamp to the index file:
$ git ls-files | git update-index --stdin
$ touch -r .datestamp .git/index
-This will make all index entries racily clean. The linux-2.6
-project, for example, there are over 20,000 files in the working
-tree. On my Athlon 64 X2 3800+, after the above:
+This will make all index entries racily clean. The linux project, for
+example, there are over 20,000 files in the working tree. On my
+Athlon 64 X2 3800+, after the above:
$ /usr/bin/time git diff-files
1.68user 0.54system 0:02.22elapsed 100%CPU (0avgtext+0avgdata 0maxresident)k
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/shallow.txt b/Documentation/technical/shallow.txt
index ea2f69f..5183b15 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/shallow.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/shallow.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ repo, and therefore grafts are introduced pretending that
these commits have no parents.
*********************************************************
-The basic idea is to write the SHA1s of shallow commits into
+The basic idea is to write the SHA-1s of shallow commits into
$GIT_DIR/shallow, and handle its contents like the contents
of $GIT_DIR/info/grafts (with the difference that shallow
cannot contain parent information).
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@ even the config, since the user should not touch that file
at all (even throughout development of the shallow clone, it
was never manually edited!).
-Each line contains exactly one SHA1. When read, a commit_graft
+Each line contains exactly one SHA-1. When read, a commit_graft
will be constructed, which has nr_parent < 0 to make it easier
to discern from user provided grafts.
diff --git a/Documentation/urls.txt b/Documentation/urls.txt
index 3ca122f..9ccb246 100644
--- a/Documentation/urls.txt
+++ b/Documentation/urls.txt
@@ -11,6 +11,9 @@ and ftps can be used for fetching and rsync can be used for fetching
and pushing, but these are inefficient and deprecated; do not use
them).
+The native transport (i.e. git:// URL) does no authentication and
+should be used with caution on unsecured networks.
+
The following syntaxes may be used with them:
- ssh://{startsb}user@{endsb}host.xz{startsb}:port{endsb}/path/to/repo.git/
@@ -23,6 +26,12 @@ An alternative scp-like syntax may also be used with the ssh protocol:
- {startsb}user@{endsb}host.xz:path/to/repo.git/
+This syntax is only recognized if there are no slashes before the
+first colon. This helps differentiate a local path that contains a
+colon. For example the local path `foo:bar` could be specified as an
+absolute path or `./foo:bar` to avoid being misinterpreted as an ssh
+url.
+
The ssh and git protocols additionally support ~username expansion:
- ssh://{startsb}user@{endsb}host.xz{startsb}:port{endsb}/~{startsb}user{endsb}/path/to/repo.git/
@@ -33,7 +42,7 @@ For local repositories, also supported by Git natively, the following
syntaxes may be used:
- /path/to/repo.git/
-- file:///path/to/repo.git/
+- \file:///path/to/repo.git/
ifndef::git-clone[]
These two syntaxes are mostly equivalent, except when cloning, when
diff --git a/Documentation/user-manual.txt b/Documentation/user-manual.txt
index 5f36f81..fe723e4 100644
--- a/Documentation/user-manual.txt
+++ b/Documentation/user-manual.txt
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ Further chapters cover more specialized topics.
Comprehensive reference documentation is available through the man
pages, or linkgit:git-help[1] command. For example, for the command
-"git clone <repo>", you can either use:
+`git clone <repo>`, you can either use:
------------------------------------------------
$ man git-clone
@@ -57,20 +57,20 @@ download a copy of an existing repository. If you don't already have a
project in mind, here are some interesting examples:
------------------------------------------------
- # Git itself (approx. 10MB download):
+ # Git itself (approx. 40MB download):
$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git
- # the Linux kernel (approx. 150MB download):
-$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git
+ # the Linux kernel (approx. 640MB download):
+$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git
------------------------------------------------
The initial clone may be time-consuming for a large project, but you
will only need to clone once.
-The clone command creates a new directory named after the project ("git"
-or "linux-2.6" in the examples above). After you cd into this
+The clone command creates a new directory named after the project
+(`git` or `linux` in the examples above). After you cd into this
directory, you will see that it contains a copy of the project files,
called the <<def_working_tree,working tree>>, together with a special
-top-level directory named ".git", which contains all the information
+top-level directory named `.git`, which contains all the information
about the history of the project.
[[how-to-check-out]]
@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ As you can see, a commit shows who made the latest change, what they
did, and why.
Every commit has a 40-hexdigit id, sometimes called the "object name" or the
-"SHA-1 id", shown on the first line of the "git show" output. You can usually
+"SHA-1 id", shown on the first line of the `git show` output. You can usually
refer to a commit by a shorter name, such as a tag or a branch name, but this
longer name can also be useful. Most importantly, it is a globally unique
name for this commit: so if you tell somebody else the object name (for
@@ -268,35 +268,35 @@ Manipulating branches
Creating, deleting, and modifying branches is quick and easy; here's
a summary of the commands:
-git branch::
+`git branch`::
list all branches
-git branch <branch>::
- create a new branch named <branch>, referencing the same
+`git branch <branch>`::
+ create a new branch named `<branch>`, referencing the same
point in history as the current branch
-git branch <branch> <start-point>::
- create a new branch named <branch>, referencing
- <start-point>, which may be specified any way you like,
+`git branch <branch> <start-point>`::
+ create a new branch named `<branch>`, referencing
+ `<start-point>`, which may be specified any way you like,
including using a branch name or a tag name
-git branch -d <branch>::
- delete the branch <branch>; if the branch you are deleting
+`git branch -d <branch>`::
+ delete the branch `<branch>`; if the branch you are deleting
points to a commit which is not reachable from the current
branch, this command will fail with a warning.
-git branch -D <branch>::
+`git branch -D <branch>`::
even if the branch points to a commit not reachable
from the current branch, you may know that that commit
is still reachable from some other branch or tag. In that
case it is safe to use this command to force Git to delete
the branch.
-git checkout <branch>::
- make the current branch <branch>, updating the working
- directory to reflect the version referenced by <branch>
-git checkout -b <new> <start-point>::
- create a new branch <new> referencing <start-point>, and
+`git checkout <branch>`::
+ make the current branch `<branch>`, updating the working
+ directory to reflect the version referenced by `<branch>`
+`git checkout -b <new> <start-point>`::
+ create a new branch `<new>` referencing `<start-point>`, and
check it out.
The special symbol "HEAD" can always be used to refer to the current
-branch. In fact, Git uses a file named "HEAD" in the .git directory to
-remember which branch is current:
+branch. In fact, Git uses a file named `HEAD` in the `.git` directory
+to remember which branch is current:
------------------------------------------------
$ cat .git/HEAD
@@ -346,7 +346,7 @@ of the HEAD in the repository that you cloned from. That repository
may also have had other branches, though, and your local repository
keeps branches which track each of those remote branches, called
remote-tracking branches, which you
-can view using the "-r" option to linkgit:git-branch[1]:
+can view using the `-r` option to linkgit:git-branch[1]:
------------------------------------------------
$ git branch -r
@@ -364,7 +364,7 @@ In this example, "origin" is called a remote repository, or "remote"
for short. The branches of this repository are called "remote
branches" from our point of view. The remote-tracking branches listed
above were created based on the remote branches at clone time and will
-be updated by "git fetch" (hence "git pull") and "git push". See
+be updated by `git fetch` (hence `git pull`) and `git push`. See
<<Updating-a-repository-With-git-fetch>> for details.
You might want to build on one of these remote-tracking branches
@@ -374,7 +374,7 @@ on a branch of your own, just as you would for a tag:
$ git checkout -b my-todo-copy origin/todo
------------------------------------------------
-You can also check out "origin/todo" directly to examine it or
+You can also check out `origin/todo` directly to examine it or
write a one-off patch. See <<detached-head,detached head>>.
Note that the name "origin" is just the name that Git uses by default
@@ -386,17 +386,17 @@ Naming branches, tags, and other references
Branches, remote-tracking branches, and tags are all references to
commits. All references are named with a slash-separated path name
-starting with "refs"; the names we've been using so far are actually
+starting with `refs`; the names we've been using so far are actually
shorthand:
- - The branch "test" is short for "refs/heads/test".
- - The tag "v2.6.18" is short for "refs/tags/v2.6.18".
- - "origin/master" is short for "refs/remotes/origin/master".
+ - The branch `test` is short for `refs/heads/test`.
+ - The tag `v2.6.18` is short for `refs/tags/v2.6.18`.
+ - `origin/master` is short for `refs/remotes/origin/master`.
The full name is occasionally useful if, for example, there ever
exists a tag and a branch with the same name.
-(Newly created refs are actually stored in the .git/refs directory,
+(Newly created refs are actually stored in the `.git/refs` directory,
under the path given by their name. However, for efficiency reasons
they may also be packed together in a single file; see
linkgit:git-pack-refs[1]).
@@ -418,7 +418,7 @@ Eventually the developer cloned from will do additional work in her
repository, creating new commits and advancing the branches to point
at the new commits.
-The command "git fetch", with no arguments, will update all of the
+The command `git fetch`, with no arguments, will update all of the
remote-tracking branches to the latest version found in her
repository. It will not touch any of your own branches--not even the
"master" branch that was created for you on clone.
@@ -431,38 +431,44 @@ You can also track branches from repositories other than the one you
cloned from, using linkgit:git-remote[1]:
-------------------------------------------------
-$ git remote add linux-nfs git://linux-nfs.org/pub/nfs-2.6.git
-$ git fetch linux-nfs
-* refs/remotes/linux-nfs/master: storing branch 'master' ...
- commit: bf81b46
+$ git remote add staging git://git.kernel.org/.../gregkh/staging.git
+$ git fetch staging
+...
+From git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/staging
+ * [new branch] master -> staging/master
+ * [new branch] staging-linus -> staging/staging-linus
+ * [new branch] staging-next -> staging/staging-next
-------------------------------------------------
New remote-tracking branches will be stored under the shorthand name
-that you gave "git remote add", in this case linux-nfs:
+that you gave `git remote add`, in this case `staging`:
-------------------------------------------------
$ git branch -r
-linux-nfs/master
-origin/master
+ origin/HEAD -> origin/master
+ origin/master
+ staging/master
+ staging/staging-linus
+ staging/staging-next
-------------------------------------------------
-If you run "git fetch <remote>" later, the remote-tracking branches for the
-named <remote> will be updated.
+If you run `git fetch <remote>` later, the remote-tracking branches
+for the named `<remote>` will be updated.
-If you examine the file .git/config, you will see that Git has added
+If you examine the file `.git/config`, you will see that Git has added
a new stanza:
-------------------------------------------------
$ cat .git/config
...
-[remote "linux-nfs"]
- url = git://linux-nfs.org/pub/nfs-2.6.git
- fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/linux-nfs/*
+[remote "staging"]
+ url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/staging.git
+ fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/staging/*
...
-------------------------------------------------
This is what causes Git to track the remote's branches; you may modify
-or delete these configuration options by editing .git/config with a
+or delete these configuration options by editing `.git/config` with a
text editor. (See the "CONFIGURATION FILE" section of
linkgit:git-config[1] for details.)
@@ -499,7 +505,7 @@ Bisecting: 3537 revisions left to test after this
[65934a9a028b88e83e2b0f8b36618fe503349f8e] BLOCK: Make USB storage depend on SCSI rather than selecting it [try #6]
-------------------------------------------------
-If you run "git branch" at this point, you'll see that Git has
+If you run `git branch` at this point, you'll see that Git has
temporarily moved you in "(no branch)". HEAD is now detached from any
branch and points directly to a commit (with commit id 65934...) that
is reachable from "master" but not from v2.6.18. Compile and test it,
@@ -545,11 +551,11 @@ id, and check it out with:
$ git reset --hard fb47ddb2db...
-------------------------------------------------
-then test, run "bisect good" or "bisect bad" as appropriate, and
+then test, run `bisect good` or `bisect bad` as appropriate, and
continue.
-Instead of "git bisect visualize" and then "git reset --hard
-fb47ddb2db...", you might just want to tell Git that you want to skip
+Instead of `git bisect visualize` and then `git reset --hard
+fb47ddb2db...`, you might just want to tell Git that you want to skip
the current commit:
-------------------------------------------------
@@ -561,8 +567,8 @@ bad one between some first skipped commits and a later bad commit.
There are also ways to automate the bisecting process if you have a
test script that can tell a good from a bad commit. See
-linkgit:git-bisect[1] for more information about this and other "git
-bisect" features.
+linkgit:git-bisect[1] for more information about this and other `git
+bisect` features.
[[naming-commits]]
Naming commits
@@ -591,7 +597,7 @@ $ git show HEAD~4 # the great-great-grandparent
-------------------------------------------------
Recall that merge commits may have more than one parent; by default,
-^ and ~ follow the first parent listed in the commit, but you can
+`^` and `~` follow the first parent listed in the commit, but you can
also choose:
-------------------------------------------------
@@ -640,7 +646,7 @@ running
$ git tag stable-1 1b2e1d63ff
-------------------------------------------------
-You can use stable-1 to refer to the commit 1b2e1d63ff.
+You can use `stable-1` to refer to the commit 1b2e1d63ff.
This creates a "lightweight" tag. If you would also like to include a
comment with the tag, and possibly sign it cryptographically, then you
@@ -669,7 +675,7 @@ $ git log -S'foo()' # commits which add or remove any file data
-------------------------------------------------
And of course you can combine all of these; the following finds
-commits since v2.5 which touch the Makefile or any file under fs:
+commits since v2.5 which touch the `Makefile` or any file under `fs`:
-------------------------------------------------
$ git log v2.5.. Makefile fs/
@@ -681,7 +687,7 @@ You can also ask git log to show patches:
$ git log -p
-------------------------------------------------
-See the "--pretty" option in the linkgit:git-log[1] man page for more
+See the `--pretty` option in the linkgit:git-log[1] man page for more
display options.
Note that git log starts with the most recent commit and works
@@ -742,8 +748,8 @@ Examples
Counting the number of commits on a branch
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-Suppose you want to know how many commits you've made on "mybranch"
-since it diverged from "origin":
+Suppose you want to know how many commits you've made on `mybranch`
+since it diverged from `origin`:
-------------------------------------------------
$ git log --pretty=oneline origin..mybranch | wc -l
@@ -780,7 +786,7 @@ $ git rev-list master
e05db0fd4f31dde7005f075a84f96b360d05984b
-------------------------------------------------
-Or you could recall that the ... operator selects all commits
+Or you could recall that the `...` operator selects all commits
contained reachable from either one reference or the other but not
both; so
@@ -880,7 +886,7 @@ Showing commits unique to a given branch
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Suppose you would like to see all the commits reachable from the branch
-head named "master" but not from any other head in your repository.
+head named `master` but not from any other head in your repository.
We can list all the heads in this repository with
linkgit:git-show-ref[1]:
@@ -894,7 +900,7 @@ a07157ac624b2524a059a3414e99f6f44bebc1e7 refs/heads/master
1e87486ae06626c2f31eaa63d26fc0fd646c8af2 refs/heads/tutorial-fixes
-------------------------------------------------
-We can get just the branch-head names, and remove "master", with
+We can get just the branch-head names, and remove `master`, with
the help of the standard utilities cut and grep:
-------------------------------------------------
@@ -939,7 +945,7 @@ is preceded by `project/`. The output file format is inferred from
the output file extension if possible, see linkgit:git-archive[1] for
details.
-Versions of Git older than 1.7.7 don't know about the 'tar.gz' format,
+Versions of Git older than 1.7.7 don't know about the `tar.gz` format,
you'll need to use gzip explicitly:
-------------------------------------------------
@@ -1062,7 +1068,7 @@ at step 3, Git maintains a snapshot of the tree's contents in a
special staging area called "the index."
At the beginning, the content of the index will be identical to
-that of the HEAD. The command "git diff --cached", which shows
+that of the HEAD. The command `git diff --cached`, which shows
the difference between the HEAD and the index, should therefore
produce no output at that point.
@@ -1101,7 +1107,7 @@ $ git diff
shows the difference between the working tree and the index file.
-Note that "git add" always adds just the current contents of a file
+Note that `git add` always adds just the current contents of a file
to the index; further changes to the same file will be ignored unless
you run `git add` on the file again.
@@ -1172,8 +1178,9 @@ annoying to have these untracked files lying around; e.g. they make
`git add .` practically useless, and they keep showing up in the output of
`git status`.
-You can tell Git to ignore certain files by creating a file called .gitignore
-in the top level of your working directory, with contents such as:
+You can tell Git to ignore certain files by creating a file called
+`.gitignore` in the top level of your working directory, with contents
+such as:
-------------------------------------------------
# Lines starting with '#' are considered comments.
@@ -1197,10 +1204,10 @@ for other users who clone your repository.
If you wish the exclude patterns to affect only certain repositories
(instead of every repository for a given project), you may instead put
-them in a file in your repository named .git/info/exclude, or in any file
-specified by the `core.excludesfile` configuration variable. Some Git
-commands can also take exclude patterns directly on the command line.
-See linkgit:gitignore[5] for the details.
+them in a file in your repository named `.git/info/exclude`, or in any
+file specified by the `core.excludesfile` configuration variable.
+Some Git commands can also take exclude patterns directly on the
+command line. See linkgit:gitignore[5] for the details.
[[how-to-merge]]
How to merge
@@ -1213,10 +1220,10 @@ linkgit:git-merge[1]:
$ git merge branchname
-------------------------------------------------
-merges the development in the branch "branchname" into the current
+merges the development in the branch `branchname` into the current
branch.
-A merge is made by combining the changes made in "branchname" and the
+A merge is made by combining the changes made in `branchname` and the
changes made up to the latest commit in your current branch since
their histories forked. The work tree is overwritten by the result of
the merge when this combining is done cleanly, or overwritten by a
@@ -1338,7 +1345,7 @@ that part is not conflicting and is not shown. Same for stage 3).
The diff above shows the differences between the working-tree version of
file.txt and the stage 2 and stage 3 versions. So instead of preceding
-each line by a single "+" or "-", it now uses two columns: the first
+each line by a single `+` or `-`, it now uses two columns: the first
column is used for differences between the first parent and the working
directory copy, and the second for differences between the second parent
and the working directory copy. (See the "COMBINED DIFF FORMAT" section
@@ -1613,7 +1620,7 @@ dangling tree b24c2473f1fd3d91352a624795be026d64c8841f
You will see informational messages on dangling objects. They are objects
that still exist in the repository but are no longer referenced by any of
-your branches, and can (and will) be removed after a while with "gc".
+your branches, and can (and will) be removed after a while with `gc`.
You can run `git fsck --no-dangling` to suppress these messages, and still
view real errors.
@@ -1625,9 +1632,9 @@ Recovering lost changes
Reflogs
^^^^^^^
-Say you modify a branch with +linkgit:git-reset[1] \--hard+, and then
-realize that the branch was the only reference you had to that point in
-history.
+Say you modify a branch with <<fixing-mistakes,`git reset --hard`>>,
+and then realize that the branch was the only reference you had to
+that point in history.
Fortunately, Git also keeps a log, called a "reflog", of all the
previous values of each branch. So in this case you can still find the
@@ -1638,8 +1645,8 @@ $ git log master@{1}
-------------------------------------------------
This lists the commits reachable from the previous version of the
-"master" branch head. This syntax can be used with any Git command
-that accepts a commit, not just with git log. Some other examples:
+`master` branch head. This syntax can be used with any Git command
+that accepts a commit, not just with `git log`. Some other examples:
-------------------------------------------------
$ git show master@{2} # See where the branch pointed 2,
@@ -1743,8 +1750,8 @@ one step:
$ git pull origin master
-------------------------------------------------
-In fact, if you have "master" checked out, then this branch has been
-configured by "git clone" to get changes from the HEAD branch of the
+In fact, if you have `master` checked out, then this branch has been
+configured by `git clone` to get changes from the HEAD branch of the
origin repository. So often you can
accomplish the above with just a simple
@@ -1759,11 +1766,11 @@ the current branch.
More generally, a branch that is created from a remote-tracking branch
will pull
by default from that branch. See the descriptions of the
-branch.<name>.remote and branch.<name>.merge options in
+`branch.<name>.remote` and `branch.<name>.merge` options in
linkgit:git-config[1], and the discussion of the `--track` option in
linkgit:git-checkout[1], to learn how to control these defaults.
-In addition to saving you keystrokes, "git pull" also helps you by
+In addition to saving you keystrokes, `git pull` also helps you by
producing a default commit message documenting the branch and
repository that you pulled from.
@@ -1771,7 +1778,7 @@ repository that you pulled from.
<<fast-forwards,fast-forward>>; instead, your branch will just be
updated to point to the latest commit from the upstream branch.)
-The `git pull` command can also be given "." as the "remote" repository,
+The `git pull` command can also be given `.` as the "remote" repository,
in which case it just merges in a branch from the current repository; so
the commands
@@ -1796,7 +1803,7 @@ $ git format-patch origin
-------------------------------------------------
will produce a numbered series of files in the current directory, one
-for each patch in the current branch but not in origin/HEAD.
+for each patch in the current branch but not in `origin/HEAD`.
`git format-patch` can include an initial "cover letter". You can insert
commentary on individual patches after the three dash line which
@@ -1818,7 +1825,7 @@ Importing patches to a project
Git also provides a tool called linkgit:git-am[1] (am stands for
"apply mailbox"), for importing such an emailed series of patches.
Just save all of the patch-containing messages, in order, into a
-single mailbox file, say "patches.mbox", then run
+single mailbox file, say `patches.mbox`, then run
-------------------------------------------------
$ git am -3 patches.mbox
@@ -1826,7 +1833,7 @@ $ git am -3 patches.mbox
Git will apply each patch in order; if any conflicts are found, it
will stop, and you can fix the conflicts as described in
-"<<resolving-a-merge,Resolving a merge>>". (The "-3" option tells
+"<<resolving-a-merge,Resolving a merge>>". (The `-3` option tells
Git to perform a merge; if you would prefer it just to abort and
leave your tree and index untouched, you may omit that option.)
@@ -1834,7 +1841,7 @@ Once the index is updated with the results of the conflict
resolution, instead of creating a new commit, just run
-------------------------------------------------
-$ git am --resolved
+$ git am --continue
-------------------------------------------------
and Git will create the commit for you and continue applying the
@@ -1902,7 +1909,7 @@ We explain how to do this in the following sections.
Setting up a public repository
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-Assume your personal repository is in the directory ~/proj. We
+Assume your personal repository is in the directory `~/proj`. We
first create a new clone of the repository and tell `git daemon` that it
is meant to be public:
@@ -1912,10 +1919,10 @@ $ touch proj.git/git-daemon-export-ok
-------------------------------------------------
The resulting directory proj.git contains a "bare" git repository--it is
-just the contents of the ".git" directory, without any files checked out
+just the contents of the `.git` directory, without any files checked out
around it.
-Next, copy proj.git to the server where you plan to host the
+Next, copy `proj.git` to the server where you plan to host the
public repository. You can use scp, rsync, or whatever is most
convenient.
@@ -1926,8 +1933,8 @@ Exporting a Git repository via the Git protocol
This is the preferred method.
If someone else administers the server, they should tell you what
-directory to put the repository in, and what git:// URL it will appear
-at. You can then skip to the section
+directory to put the repository in, and what `git://` URL it will
+appear at. You can then skip to the section
"<<pushing-changes-to-a-public-repository,Pushing changes to a public
repository>>", below.
@@ -1962,7 +1969,7 @@ $ mv hooks/post-update.sample hooks/post-update
(For an explanation of the last two lines, see
linkgit:git-update-server-info[1] and linkgit:githooks[5].)
-Advertise the URL of proj.git. Anybody else should then be able to
+Advertise the URL of `proj.git`. Anybody else should then be able to
clone or pull from that URL, for example with a command line like:
-------------------------------------------------
@@ -1985,8 +1992,8 @@ access, which you will need to update the public repository with the
latest changes created in your private repository.
The simplest way to do this is using linkgit:git-push[1] and ssh; to
-update the remote branch named "master" with the latest state of your
-branch named "master", run
+update the remote branch named `master` with the latest state of your
+branch named `master`, run
-------------------------------------------------
$ git push ssh://yourserver.com/~you/proj.git master:master
@@ -2002,7 +2009,7 @@ As with `git fetch`, `git push` will complain if this does not result in a
<<fast-forwards,fast-forward>>; see the following section for details on
handling this case.
-Note that the target of a "push" is normally a
+Note that the target of a `push` is normally a
<<def_bare_repository,bare>> repository. You can also push to a
repository that has a checked-out working tree, but a push to update the
currently checked-out branch is denied by default to prevent confusion.
@@ -2030,9 +2037,9 @@ which lets you do the same push with just
$ git push public-repo master
-------------------------------------------------
-See the explanations of the remote.<name>.url, branch.<name>.remote,
-and remote.<name>.push options in linkgit:git-config[1] for
-details.
+See the explanations of the `remote.<name>.url`,
+`branch.<name>.remote`, and `remote.<name>.push` options in
+linkgit:git-config[1] for details.
[[forcing-push]]
What to do when a push fails
@@ -2155,7 +2162,7 @@ To set this up, first create your work tree by cloning Linus's public
tree:
-------------------------------------------------
-$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git work
+$ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git work
$ cd work
-------------------------------------------------
@@ -2167,7 +2174,7 @@ linkgit:git-fetch[1] to keep them up-to-date; see
Now create the branches in which you are going to work; these start out
at the current tip of origin/master branch, and should be set up (using
-the --track option to linkgit:git-branch[1]) to merge changes in from
+the `--track` option to linkgit:git-branch[1]) to merge changes in from
Linus by default.
-------------------------------------------------
@@ -2186,7 +2193,7 @@ Important note! If you have any local changes in these branches, then
this merge will create a commit object in the history (with no local
changes Git will simply do a "fast-forward" merge). Many people dislike
the "noise" that this creates in the Linux history, so you should avoid
-doing this capriciously in the "release" branch, as these noisy commits
+doing this capriciously in the `release` branch, as these noisy commits
will become part of the permanent history when you ask Linus to pull
from the release branch.
@@ -2197,7 +2204,7 @@ make it easy to push both branches to your public tree. (See
-------------------------------------------------
$ cat >> .git/config <<EOF
[remote "mytree"]
- url = master.kernel.org:/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/aegl/linux-2.6.git
+ url = master.kernel.org:/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/aegl/linux.git
push = release
push = test
EOF
@@ -2228,7 +2235,7 @@ patches), and create a new branch from a recent stable tag of
Linus's branch. Picking a stable base for your branch will:
1) help you: by avoiding inclusion of unrelated and perhaps lightly
tested changes
-2) help future bug hunters that use "git bisect" to find problems
+2) help future bug hunters that use `git bisect` to find problems
-------------------------------------------------
$ git checkout -b speed-up-spinlocks v2.6.35
@@ -2253,9 +2260,9 @@ It is unlikely that you would have any conflicts here ... but you might if you
spent a while on this step and had also pulled new versions from upstream.
Some time later when enough time has passed and testing done, you can pull the
-same branch into the "release" tree ready to go upstream. This is where you
+same branch into the `release` tree ready to go upstream. This is where you
see the value of keeping each patch (or patch series) in its own branch. It
-means that the patches can be moved into the "release" tree in any order.
+means that the patches can be moved into the `release` tree in any order.
-------------------------------------------------
$ git checkout release && git pull . speed-up-spinlocks
@@ -2288,7 +2295,7 @@ If it has been merged, then there will be no output.)
Once a patch completes the great cycle (moving from test to release,
then pulled by Linus, and finally coming back into your local
-"origin/master" branch), the branch for this change is no longer needed.
+`origin/master` branch), the branch for this change is no longer needed.
You detect this when the output from:
-------------------------------------------------
@@ -2303,8 +2310,8 @@ $ git branch -d branchname
Some changes are so trivial that it is not necessary to create a separate
branch and then merge into each of the test and release branches. For
-these changes, just apply directly to the "release" branch, and then
-merge that into the "test" branch.
+these changes, just apply directly to the `release` branch, and then
+merge that into the `test` branch.
After pushing your work to `mytree`, you can use
linkgit:git-request-pull[1] to prepare a "please pull" request message
@@ -2337,7 +2344,7 @@ origin)
fi
;;
*)
- echo "Usage: $0 origin|test|release" 1>&2
+ echo "usage: $0 origin|test|release" 1>&2
exit 1
;;
esac
@@ -2351,7 +2358,7 @@ pname=$0
usage()
{
- echo "Usage: $pname branch test|release" 1>&2
+ echo "usage: $pname branch test|release" 1>&2
exit 1
}
@@ -2475,8 +2482,8 @@ you are rewriting history.
Keeping a patch series up to date using git rebase
--------------------------------------------------
-Suppose that you create a branch "mywork" on a remote-tracking branch
-"origin", and create some commits on top of it:
+Suppose that you create a branch `mywork` on a remote-tracking branch
+`origin`, and create some commits on top of it:
-------------------------------------------------
$ git checkout -b mywork origin
@@ -2488,7 +2495,7 @@ $ git commit
-------------------------------------------------
You have performed no merges into mywork, so it is just a simple linear
-sequence of patches on top of "origin":
+sequence of patches on top of `origin`:
................................................
o--o--O <-- origin
@@ -2497,7 +2504,7 @@ sequence of patches on top of "origin":
................................................
Some more interesting work has been done in the upstream project, and
-"origin" has advanced:
+`origin` has advanced:
................................................
o--o--O--o--o--o <-- origin
@@ -2505,7 +2512,7 @@ Some more interesting work has been done in the upstream project, and
a--b--c <-- mywork
................................................
-At this point, you could use "pull" to merge your changes back in;
+At this point, you could use `pull` to merge your changes back in;
the result would create a new merge commit, like this:
................................................
@@ -2524,7 +2531,7 @@ $ git rebase origin
-------------------------------------------------
This will remove each of your commits from mywork, temporarily saving
-them as patches (in a directory named ".git/rebase-apply"), update mywork to
+them as patches (in a directory named `.git/rebase-apply`), update mywork to
point at the latest version of origin, then apply each of the saved
patches to the new mywork. The result will look like:
@@ -2795,10 +2802,10 @@ arbitrary name:
$ git fetch origin todo:my-todo-work
-------------------------------------------------
-The first argument, "origin", just tells Git to fetch from the
+The first argument, `origin`, just tells Git to fetch from the
repository you originally cloned from. The second argument tells Git
-to fetch the branch named "todo" from the remote repository, and to
-store it locally under the name refs/heads/my-todo-work.
+to fetch the branch named `todo` from the remote repository, and to
+store it locally under the name `refs/heads/my-todo-work`.
You can also fetch branches from other repositories; so
@@ -2806,8 +2813,8 @@ You can also fetch branches from other repositories; so
$ git fetch git://example.com/proj.git master:example-master
-------------------------------------------------
-will create a new branch named "example-master" and store in it the
-branch named "master" from the repository at the given URL. If you
+will create a new branch named `example-master` and store in it the
+branch named `master` from the repository at the given URL. If you
already have a branch named example-master, it will attempt to
<<fast-forwards,fast-forward>> to the commit given by example.com's
master branch. In more detail:
@@ -2816,7 +2823,7 @@ master branch. In more detail:
git fetch and fast-forwards
---------------------------
-In the previous example, when updating an existing branch, "git fetch"
+In the previous example, when updating an existing branch, `git fetch`
checks to make sure that the most recent commit on the remote
branch is a descendant of the most recent commit on your copy of the
branch before updating your copy of the branch to point at the new
@@ -2842,11 +2849,11 @@ resulting in a situation like:
o--o--o <-- new head of the branch
................................................
-In this case, "git fetch" will fail, and print out a warning.
+In this case, `git fetch` will fail, and print out a warning.
In that case, you can still force Git to update to the new head, as
described in the following section. However, note that in the
-situation above this may mean losing the commits labeled "a" and "b",
+situation above this may mean losing the commits labeled `a` and `b`,
unless you've already created a reference of your own pointing to
them.
@@ -2861,7 +2868,7 @@ descendant of the old head, you may force the update with:
$ git fetch git://example.com/proj.git +master:refs/remotes/example/master
-------------------------------------------------
-Note the addition of the "+" sign. Alternatively, you can use the "-f"
+Note the addition of the `+` sign. Alternatively, you can use the `-f`
flag to force updates of all the fetched branches, as in:
-------------------------------------------------
@@ -2875,7 +2882,7 @@ may be lost, as we saw in the previous section.
Configuring remote-tracking branches
------------------------------------
-We saw above that "origin" is just a shortcut to refer to the
+We saw above that `origin` is just a shortcut to refer to the
repository that you originally cloned from. This information is
stored in Git configuration variables, which you can see using
linkgit:git-config[1]:
@@ -2984,7 +2991,7 @@ Commit Object
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The "commit" object links a physical state of a tree with a description
-of how we got there and why. Use the --pretty=raw option to
+of how we got there and why. Use the `--pretty=raw` option to
linkgit:git-show[1] or linkgit:git-log[1] to examine your favorite
commit:
@@ -3026,7 +3033,7 @@ of the tree referred to by this commit with the trees associated with
its parents. In particular, Git does not attempt to record file renames
explicitly, though it can identify cases where the existence of the same
file data at changing paths suggests a rename. (See, for example, the
--M option to linkgit:git-diff[1]).
+`-M` option to linkgit:git-diff[1]).
A commit is usually created by linkgit:git-commit[1], which creates a
commit whose parent is normally the current HEAD, and whose tree is
@@ -3077,7 +3084,7 @@ Blob Object
~~~~~~~~~~~
You can use linkgit:git-show[1] to examine the contents of a blob; take,
-for example, the blob in the entry for "COPYING" from the tree above:
+for example, the blob in the entry for `COPYING` from the tree above:
------------------------------------------------
$ git show 6ff87c4664
@@ -3160,14 +3167,14 @@ nLE/L9aUXdWeTFPron96DLA=
See the linkgit:git-tag[1] command to learn how to create and verify tag
objects. (Note that linkgit:git-tag[1] can also be used to create
"lightweight tags", which are not tag objects at all, but just simple
-references whose names begin with "refs/tags/").
+references whose names begin with `refs/tags/`).
[[pack-files]]
How Git stores objects efficiently: pack files
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Newly created objects are initially created in a file named after the
-object's SHA-1 hash (stored in .git/objects).
+object's SHA-1 hash (stored in `.git/objects`).
Unfortunately this system becomes inefficient once a project has a
lot of objects. Try this on an old project:
@@ -3208,9 +3215,9 @@ $ git prune
to remove any of the "loose" objects that are now contained in the
pack. This will also remove any unreferenced objects (which may be
-created when, for example, you use "git reset" to remove a commit).
+created when, for example, you use `git reset` to remove a commit).
You can verify that the loose objects are gone by looking at the
-.git/objects directory or by running
+`.git/objects` directory or by running
------------------------------------------------
$ git count-objects
@@ -3237,7 +3244,7 @@ branch still exists, as does everything it pointed to. The branch
pointer itself just doesn't, since you replaced it with another one.
There are also other situations that cause dangling objects. For
-example, a "dangling blob" may arise because you did a "git add" of a
+example, a "dangling blob" may arise because you did a `git add` of a
file, but then, before you actually committed it and made it part of the
bigger picture, you changed something else in that file and committed
that *updated* thing--the old state that you added originally ends up
@@ -3280,14 +3287,14 @@ $ git show <dangling-blob/tree-sha-goes-here>
------------------------------------------------
to show what the contents of the blob were (or, for a tree, basically
-what the "ls" for that directory was), and that may give you some idea
+what the `ls` for that directory was), and that may give you some idea
of what the operation was that left that dangling object.
Usually, dangling blobs and trees aren't very interesting. They're
almost always the result of either being a half-way mergebase (the blob
will often even have the conflict markers from a merge in it, if you
have had conflicting merges that you fixed up by hand), or simply
-because you interrupted a "git fetch" with ^C or something like that,
+because you interrupted a `git fetch` with ^C or something like that,
leaving _some_ of the new objects in the object database, but just
dangling and useless.
@@ -3298,16 +3305,16 @@ state, you can just prune all unreachable objects:
$ git prune
------------------------------------------------
-and they'll be gone. But you should only run "git prune" on a quiescent
+and they'll be gone. But you should only run `git prune` on a quiescent
repository--it's kind of like doing a filesystem fsck recovery: you
don't want to do that while the filesystem is mounted.
-(The same is true of "git fsck" itself, btw, but since
+(The same is true of `git fsck` itself, btw, but since
`git fsck` never actually *changes* the repository, it just reports
on what it found, `git fsck` itself is never 'dangerous' to run.
Running it while somebody is actually changing the repository can cause
confusing and scary messages, but it won't actually do anything bad. In
-contrast, running "git prune" while somebody is actively changing the
+contrast, running `git prune` while somebody is actively changing the
repository is a *BAD* idea).
[[recovering-from-repository-corruption]]
@@ -3345,7 +3352,7 @@ missing blob 4b9458b3786228369c63936db65827de3cc06200
Now you know that blob 4b9458b3 is missing, and that the tree 2d9263c6
points to it. If you could find just one copy of that missing blob
object, possibly in some other repository, you could move it into
-.git/objects/4b/9458b3... and be done. Suppose you can't. You can
+`.git/objects/4b/9458b3...` and be done. Suppose you can't. You can
still examine the tree that pointed to it with linkgit:git-ls-tree[1],
which might output something like:
@@ -3360,10 +3367,10 @@ $ git ls-tree 2d9263c6d23595e7cb2a21e5ebbb53655278dff8
------------------------------------------------
So now you know that the missing blob was the data for a file named
-"myfile". And chances are you can also identify the directory--let's
-say it's in "somedirectory". If you're lucky the missing copy might be
+`myfile`. And chances are you can also identify the directory--let's
+say it's in `somedirectory`. If you're lucky the missing copy might be
the same as the copy you have checked out in your working tree at
-"somedirectory/myfile"; you can test whether that's right with
+`somedirectory/myfile`; you can test whether that's right with
linkgit:git-hash-object[1]:
------------------------------------------------
@@ -3418,7 +3425,7 @@ $ git hash-object -w <recreated-file>
and your repository is good again!
-(Btw, you could have ignored the fsck, and started with doing a
+(Btw, you could have ignored the `fsck`, and started with doing a
------------------------------------------------
$ git log --raw --all
@@ -3432,7 +3439,7 @@ just missing one particular blob version.
The index
-----------
-The index is a binary file (generally kept in .git/index) containing a
+The index is a binary file (generally kept in `.git/index`) containing a
sorted list of path names, each with permissions and the SHA-1 of a blob
object; linkgit:git-ls-files[1] can show you the contents of the index:
@@ -3572,7 +3579,7 @@ $ ls -a
The `git submodule add <repo> <path>` command does a couple of things:
-- It clones the submodule from <repo> to the given <path> under the
+- It clones the submodule from `<repo>` to the given `<path>` under the
current directory and by default checks out the master branch.
- It adds the submodule's clone path to the linkgit:gitmodules[5] file and
adds this file to the index, ready to be committed.
@@ -3700,11 +3707,11 @@ Unable to checkout '261dfac35cb99d380eb966e102c1197139f7fa24' in submodule path
In older Git versions it could be easily forgotten to commit new or modified
files in a submodule, which silently leads to similar problems as not pushing
-the submodule changes. Starting with Git 1.7.0 both "git status" and "git diff"
+the submodule changes. Starting with Git 1.7.0 both `git status` and `git diff`
in the superproject show submodules as modified when they contain new or
-modified files to protect against accidentally committing such a state. "git
-diff" will also add a "-dirty" to the work tree side when generating patch
-output or used with the --submodule option:
+modified files to protect against accidentally committing such a state. `git
+diff` will also add a `-dirty` to the work tree side when generating patch
+output or used with the `--submodule` option:
-------------------------------------------------
$ git diff
@@ -3880,7 +3887,7 @@ or, if you want to check out all of the index, use `-a`.
NOTE! `git checkout-index` normally refuses to overwrite old files, so
if you have an old version of the tree already checked out, you will
-need to use the "-f" flag ('before' the "-a" flag or the filename) to
+need to use the `-f` flag ('before' the `-a` flag or the filename) to
'force' the checkout.
@@ -3891,7 +3898,7 @@ from one representation to the other:
Tying it all together
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-To commit a tree you have instantiated with "git write-tree", you'd
+To commit a tree you have instantiated with `git write-tree`, you'd
create a "commit" object that refers to that tree and the history
behind it--most notably the "parent" commits that preceded it in
history.
@@ -4152,8 +4159,9 @@ As a result, the general consistency of an object can always be tested
independently of the contents or the type of the object: all objects can
be validated by verifying that (a) their hashes match the content of the
file and (b) the object successfully inflates to a stream of bytes that
-forms a sequence of <ascii type without space> {plus} <space> {plus} <ascii decimal
-size> {plus} <byte\0> {plus} <binary object data>.
+forms a sequence of
+`<ascii type without space> + <space> + <ascii decimal size> +
+<byte\0> + <binary object data>`.
The structured objects can further have their structure and
connectivity to other objects verified. This is generally done with
@@ -4254,15 +4262,16 @@ no longer need to call `setup_pager()` directly).
Nowadays, `git log` is a builtin, which means that it is _contained_ in the
command `git`. The source side of a builtin is
-- a function called `cmd_<bla>`, typically defined in `builtin-<bla>.c`,
- and declared in `builtin.h`,
+- a function called `cmd_<bla>`, typically defined in `builtin/<bla.c>`
+ (note that older versions of Git used to have it in `builtin-<bla>.c`
+ instead), and declared in `builtin.h`.
- an entry in the `commands[]` array in `git.c`, and
- an entry in `BUILTIN_OBJECTS` in the `Makefile`.
Sometimes, more than one builtin is contained in one source file. For
-example, `cmd_whatchanged()` and `cmd_log()` both reside in `builtin-log.c`,
+example, `cmd_whatchanged()` and `cmd_log()` both reside in `builtin/log.c`,
since they share quite a bit of code. In that case, the commands which are
_not_ named like the `.c` file in which they live have to be listed in
`BUILT_INS` in the `Makefile`.
@@ -4285,10 +4294,10 @@ For the sake of clarity, let's stay with `git cat-file`, because it
- is plumbing, and
- was around even in the initial commit (it literally went only through
- some 20 revisions as `cat-file.c`, was renamed to `builtin-cat-file.c`
+ some 20 revisions as `cat-file.c`, was renamed to `builtin/cat-file.c`
when made a builtin, and then saw less than 10 versions).
-So, look into `builtin-cat-file.c`, search for `cmd_cat_file()` and look what
+So, look into `builtin/cat-file.c`, search for `cmd_cat_file()` and look what
it does.
------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -4364,7 +4373,7 @@ Another example: Find out what to do in order to make some script a
builtin:
-------------------------------------------------
-$ git log --no-merges --diff-filter=A builtin-*.c
+$ git log --no-merges --diff-filter=A builtin/*.c
-------------------------------------------------
You see, Git is actually the best tool to find out about the source of Git
@@ -4632,10 +4641,10 @@ Think about how to create a clear chapter dependency graph that will
allow people to get to important topics without necessarily reading
everything in between.
-Scan Documentation/ for other stuff left out; in particular:
+Scan `Documentation/` for other stuff left out; in particular:
- howto's
-- some of technical/?
+- some of `technical/`?
- hooks
- list of commands in linkgit:git[1]
@@ -4666,5 +4675,5 @@ Write a chapter on using plumbing and writing scripts.
Alternates, clone -reference, etc.
More on recovery from repository corruption. See:
- http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=git&m=117263864820799&w=2
- http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=git&m=117147855503798&w=2
+ http://marc.info/?l=git&m=117263864820799&w=2
+ http://marc.info/?l=git&m=117147855503798&w=2
diff --git a/GIT-VERSION-GEN b/GIT-VERSION-GEN
index f189b78..b444c18 100755
--- a/GIT-VERSION-GEN
+++ b/GIT-VERSION-GEN
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
#!/bin/sh
GVF=GIT-VERSION-FILE
-DEF_VER=v1.8.2
+DEF_VER=v1.8.4.GIT
LF='
'
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ LF='
if test -f version
then
VN=$(cat version) || VN="$DEF_VER"
-elif test -d .git -o -f .git &&
+elif test -d ${GIT_DIR:-.git} -o -f .git &&
VN=$(git describe --match "v[0-9]*" --abbrev=7 HEAD 2>/dev/null) &&
case "$VN" in
*$LF*) (exit 1) ;;
diff --git a/INSTALL b/INSTALL
index 2dc3b61..ba01e74 100644
--- a/INSTALL
+++ b/INSTALL
@@ -101,7 +101,7 @@ Issues of note:
- "openssl" library is used by git-imap-send to use IMAP over SSL.
If you don't need it, use NO_OPENSSL.
- By default, git uses OpenSSL for SHA1 but it will use it's own
+ By default, git uses OpenSSL for SHA1 but it will use its own
library (inspired by Mozilla's) with either NO_OPENSSL or
BLK_SHA1. Also included is a version optimized for PowerPC
(PPC_SHA1).
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 26d3332..3588ca1 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -69,6 +69,9 @@ all::
# Define NO_MSGFMT_EXTENDED_OPTIONS if your implementation of msgfmt
# doesn't support GNU extensions like --check and --statistics
#
+# Define NEEDS_CLIPPED_WRITE if your write(2) cannot write more than
+# INT_MAX bytes at once (e.g. MacOS X).
+#
# Define HAVE_PATHS_H if you have paths.h and want to use the default PATH
# it specifies.
#
@@ -106,7 +109,7 @@ all::
# Define NO_FNMATCH_CASEFOLD if your fnmatch function doesn't have the
# FNM_CASEFOLD GNU extension.
#
-# Define USE_WILDMATCH if you want to use Git's wildmatch
+# Define NO_WILDMATCH if you do not want to use Git's wildmatch
# implementation as fnmatch
#
# Define NO_GECOS_IN_PWENT if you don't have pw_gecos in struct passwd
@@ -137,6 +140,10 @@ all::
# specify your own (or DarwinPort's) include directories and
# library directories by defining CFLAGS and LDFLAGS appropriately.
#
+# Define NO_APPLE_COMMON_CRYPTO if you are building on Darwin/Mac OS X
+# and do not want to use Apple's CommonCrypto library. This allows you
+# to provide your own OpenSSL library, for example from MacPorts.
+#
# Define BLK_SHA1 environment variable to make use of the bundled
# optimized C SHA1 routine.
#
@@ -290,10 +297,6 @@ all::
#
# Define NO_REGEX if you have no or inferior regex support in your C library.
#
-# Define CYGWIN_V15_WIN32API if you are using Cygwin v1.7.x but are not
-# using the current w32api packages. The recommended approach, however,
-# is to update your installation if compilation errors occur.
-#
# Define HAVE_DEV_TTY if your system can open /dev/tty to interact with the
# user.
#
@@ -358,33 +361,39 @@ STRIP ?= strip
# Among the variables below, these:
# gitexecdir
# template_dir
-# mandir
-# infodir
-# htmldir
# sysconfdir
# can be specified as a relative path some/where/else;
# this is interpreted as relative to $(prefix) and "git" at
# runtime figures out where they are based on the path to the executable.
+# Additionally, the following will be treated as relative by "git" if they
+# begin with "$(prefix)/":
+# mandir
+# infodir
+# htmldir
# This can help installing the suite in a relocatable way.
prefix = $(HOME)
bindir_relative = bin
bindir = $(prefix)/$(bindir_relative)
-mandir = share/man
-infodir = share/info
+mandir = $(prefix)/share/man
+infodir = $(prefix)/share/info
gitexecdir = libexec/git-core
mergetoolsdir = $(gitexecdir)/mergetools
sharedir = $(prefix)/share
gitwebdir = $(sharedir)/gitweb
localedir = $(sharedir)/locale
template_dir = share/git-core/templates
-htmldir = share/doc/git-doc
+htmldir = $(prefix)/share/doc/git-doc
ETC_GITCONFIG = $(sysconfdir)/gitconfig
ETC_GITATTRIBUTES = $(sysconfdir)/gitattributes
lib = lib
# DESTDIR =
pathsep = :
+mandir_relative = $(patsubst $(prefix)/%,%,$(mandir))
+infodir_relative = $(patsubst $(prefix)/%,%,$(infodir))
+htmldir_relative = $(patsubst $(prefix)/%,%,$(htmldir))
+
export prefix bindir sharedir sysconfdir gitwebdir localedir
CC = cc
@@ -454,6 +463,7 @@ SCRIPT_SH += git-mergetool.sh
SCRIPT_SH += git-pull.sh
SCRIPT_SH += git-quiltimport.sh
SCRIPT_SH += git-rebase.sh
+SCRIPT_SH += git-remote-testgit.sh
SCRIPT_SH += git-repack.sh
SCRIPT_SH += git-request-pull.sh
SCRIPT_SH += git-stash.sh
@@ -481,11 +491,18 @@ SCRIPT_PERL += git-svn.perl
SCRIPT_PYTHON += git-remote-testpy.py
SCRIPT_PYTHON += git-p4.py
+NO_INSTALL += git-remote-testgit
+NO_INSTALL += git-remote-testpy
+
# Generated files for scripts
SCRIPT_SH_GEN = $(patsubst %.sh,%,$(SCRIPT_SH))
SCRIPT_PERL_GEN = $(patsubst %.perl,%,$(SCRIPT_PERL))
SCRIPT_PYTHON_GEN = $(patsubst %.py,%,$(SCRIPT_PYTHON))
+SCRIPT_SH_INS = $(filter-out $(NO_INSTALL),$(SCRIPT_SH_GEN))
+SCRIPT_PERL_INS = $(filter-out $(NO_INSTALL),$(SCRIPT_PERL_GEN))
+SCRIPT_PYTHON_INS = $(filter-out $(NO_INSTALL),$(SCRIPT_PYTHON_GEN))
+
# Individual rules to allow e.g.
# "make -C ../.. SCRIPT_PERL=contrib/foo/bar.perl build-perl-script"
# from subdirectories like contrib/*/
@@ -495,12 +512,12 @@ build-sh-script: $(SCRIPT_SH_GEN)
build-python-script: $(SCRIPT_PYTHON_GEN)
.PHONY: install-perl-script install-sh-script install-python-script
-install-sh-script: $(SCRIPT_SH_GEN)
- $(INSTALL) $(SCRIPT_SH_GEN) '$(DESTDIR_SQ)$(gitexec_instdir_SQ)'
-install-perl-script: $(SCRIPT_PERL_GEN)
- $(INSTALL) $(SCRIPT_PERL_GEN) '$(DESTDIR_SQ)$(gitexec_instdir_SQ)'
-install-python-script: $(SCRIPT_PYTHON_GEN)
- $(INSTALL) $(SCRIPT_PYTHON_GEN) '$(DESTDIR_SQ)$(gitexec_instdir_SQ)'
+install-sh-script: $(SCRIPT_SH_INS)
+ $(INSTALL) $^ '$(DESTDIR_SQ)$(gitexec_instdir_SQ)'
+install-perl-script: $(SCRIPT_PERL_INS)
+ $(INSTALL) $^ '$(DESTDIR_SQ)$(gitexec_instdir_SQ)'
+install-python-script: $(SCRIPT_PYTHON_INS)
+ $(INSTALL) $^ '$(DESTDIR_SQ)$(gitexec_instdir_SQ)'
.PHONY: clean-perl-script clean-sh-script clean-python-script
clean-sh-script:
@@ -510,9 +527,9 @@ clean-perl-script:
clean-python-script:
$(RM) $(SCRIPT_PYTHON_GEN)
-SCRIPTS = $(SCRIPT_SH_GEN) \
- $(SCRIPT_PERL_GEN) \
- $(SCRIPT_PYTHON_GEN) \
+SCRIPTS = $(SCRIPT_SH_INS) \
+ $(SCRIPT_PERL_INS) \
+ $(SCRIPT_PYTHON_INS) \
git-instaweb
ETAGS_TARGET = TAGS
@@ -552,6 +569,8 @@ TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-mergesort
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-mktemp
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-parse-options
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-path-utils
+TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-prio-queue
+TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-read-cache
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-regex
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-revision-walking
TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X += test-run-command
@@ -617,22 +636,6 @@ LIB_FILE = libgit.a
XDIFF_LIB = xdiff/lib.a
VCSSVN_LIB = vcs-svn/lib.a
-LIB_H += xdiff/xinclude.h
-LIB_H += xdiff/xmacros.h
-LIB_H += xdiff/xdiff.h
-LIB_H += xdiff/xtypes.h
-LIB_H += xdiff/xutils.h
-LIB_H += xdiff/xprepare.h
-LIB_H += xdiff/xdiffi.h
-LIB_H += xdiff/xemit.h
-
-LIB_H += vcs-svn/line_buffer.h
-LIB_H += vcs-svn/sliding_window.h
-LIB_H += vcs-svn/repo_tree.h
-LIB_H += vcs-svn/fast_export.h
-LIB_H += vcs-svn/svndiff.h
-LIB_H += vcs-svn/svndump.h
-
GENERATED_H += common-cmds.h
LIB_H += advice.h
@@ -651,7 +654,6 @@ LIB_H += color.h
LIB_H += column.h
LIB_H += commit.h
LIB_H += compat/bswap.h
-LIB_H += compat/cygwin.h
LIB_H += compat/mingw.h
LIB_H += compat/obstack.h
LIB_H += compat/poll/poll.h
@@ -683,6 +685,8 @@ LIB_H += help.h
LIB_H += http.h
LIB_H += kwset.h
LIB_H += levenshtein.h
+LIB_H += line-log.h
+LIB_H += line-range.h
LIB_H += list-objects.h
LIB_H += ll-merge.h
LIB_H += log-tree.h
@@ -692,15 +696,16 @@ LIB_H += merge-recursive.h
LIB_H += mergesort.h
LIB_H += notes-cache.h
LIB_H += notes-merge.h
+LIB_H += notes-utils.h
LIB_H += notes.h
LIB_H += object.h
-LIB_H += pack-refs.h
LIB_H += pack-revindex.h
LIB_H += pack.h
LIB_H += parse-options.h
LIB_H += patch-ids.h
LIB_H += pathspec.h
LIB_H += pkt-line.h
+LIB_H += prio-queue.h
LIB_H += progress.h
LIB_H += prompt.h
LIB_H += quote.h
@@ -734,11 +739,24 @@ LIB_H += url.h
LIB_H += userdiff.h
LIB_H += utf8.h
LIB_H += varint.h
+LIB_H += vcs-svn/fast_export.h
+LIB_H += vcs-svn/line_buffer.h
+LIB_H += vcs-svn/repo_tree.h
+LIB_H += vcs-svn/sliding_window.h
+LIB_H += vcs-svn/svndiff.h
+LIB_H += vcs-svn/svndump.h
LIB_H += walker.h
LIB_H += wildmatch.h
LIB_H += wt-status.h
LIB_H += xdiff-interface.h
LIB_H += xdiff/xdiff.h
+LIB_H += xdiff/xdiffi.h
+LIB_H += xdiff/xemit.h
+LIB_H += xdiff/xinclude.h
+LIB_H += xdiff/xmacros.h
+LIB_H += xdiff/xprepare.h
+LIB_H += xdiff/xtypes.h
+LIB_H += xdiff/xutils.h
LIB_OBJS += abspath.o
LIB_OBJS += advice.o
@@ -798,6 +816,8 @@ LIB_OBJS += hex.o
LIB_OBJS += ident.o
LIB_OBJS += kwset.o
LIB_OBJS += levenshtein.o
+LIB_OBJS += line-log.o
+LIB_OBJS += line-range.o
LIB_OBJS += list-objects.o
LIB_OBJS += ll-merge.o
LIB_OBJS += lockfile.o
@@ -812,9 +832,9 @@ LIB_OBJS += name-hash.o
LIB_OBJS += notes.o
LIB_OBJS += notes-cache.o
LIB_OBJS += notes-merge.o
+LIB_OBJS += notes-utils.o
LIB_OBJS += object.o
LIB_OBJS += pack-check.o
-LIB_OBJS += pack-refs.o
LIB_OBJS += pack-revindex.o
LIB_OBJS += pack-write.o
LIB_OBJS += pager.o
@@ -827,6 +847,7 @@ LIB_OBJS += pathspec.o
LIB_OBJS += pkt-line.o
LIB_OBJS += preload-index.o
LIB_OBJS += pretty.o
+LIB_OBJS += prio-queue.o
LIB_OBJS += progress.o
LIB_OBJS += prompt.o
LIB_OBJS += quote.o
@@ -890,6 +911,7 @@ BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/bundle.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/cat-file.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/check-attr.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/check-ignore.o
+BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/check-mailmap.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/check-ref-format.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/checkout-index.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/checkout.o
@@ -1051,6 +1073,11 @@ ifeq ($(uname_S),Darwin)
BASIC_LDFLAGS += -L/opt/local/lib
endif
endif
+ ifndef NO_APPLE_COMMON_CRYPTO
+ APPLE_COMMON_CRYPTO = YesPlease
+ COMPAT_CFLAGS += -DAPPLE_COMMON_CRYPTO
+ endif
+ NO_REGEX = YesPlease
PTHREAD_LIBS =
endif
@@ -1258,7 +1285,7 @@ ifdef NO_FNMATCH_CASEFOLD
COMPAT_OBJS += compat/fnmatch/fnmatch.o
endif
endif
-ifdef USE_WILDMATCH
+ifndef NO_WILDMATCH
COMPAT_CFLAGS += -DUSE_WILDMATCH
endif
ifdef NO_SETENV
@@ -1385,10 +1412,16 @@ ifdef PPC_SHA1
LIB_OBJS += ppc/sha1.o ppc/sha1ppc.o
LIB_H += ppc/sha1.h
else
+ifdef APPLE_COMMON_CRYPTO
+ COMPAT_CFLAGS += -DCOMMON_DIGEST_FOR_OPENSSL
+ SHA1_HEADER = <CommonCrypto/CommonDigest.h>
+else
SHA1_HEADER = <openssl/sha.h>
EXTLIBS += $(LIB_4_CRYPTO)
endif
endif
+endif
+
ifdef NO_PERL_MAKEMAKER
export NO_PERL_MAKEMAKER
endif
@@ -1446,9 +1479,6 @@ ifdef NO_REGEX
COMPAT_CFLAGS += -Icompat/regex
COMPAT_OBJS += compat/regex/regex.o
endif
-ifdef CYGWIN_V15_WIN32API
- COMPAT_CFLAGS += -DCYGWIN_V15_WIN32API
-endif
ifdef USE_NED_ALLOCATOR
COMPAT_CFLAGS += -Icompat/nedmalloc
@@ -1463,6 +1493,11 @@ ifndef NO_MSGFMT_EXTENDED_OPTIONS
MSGFMT += --check --statistics
endif
+ifdef NEEDS_CLIPPED_WRITE
+ BASIC_CFLAGS += -DNEEDS_CLIPPED_WRITE
+ COMPAT_OBJS += compat/clipped-write.o
+endif
+
ifneq (,$(XDL_FAST_HASH))
BASIC_CFLAGS += -DXDL_FAST_HASH
endif
@@ -1500,6 +1535,7 @@ ifndef V
QUIET_MSGFMT = @echo ' ' MSGFMT $@;
QUIET_GCOV = @echo ' ' GCOV $@;
QUIET_SP = @echo ' ' SP $<;
+ QUIET_RC = @echo ' ' RC $@;
QUIET_SUBDIR0 = +@subdir=
QUIET_SUBDIR1 = ;$(NO_SUBDIR) echo ' ' SUBDIR $$subdir; \
$(MAKE) $(PRINT_DIR) -C $$subdir
@@ -1542,12 +1578,12 @@ ETC_GITATTRIBUTES_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(ETC_GITATTRIBUTES))
DESTDIR_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(DESTDIR))
bindir_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(bindir))
bindir_relative_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(bindir_relative))
-mandir_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(mandir))
-infodir_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(infodir))
+mandir_relative_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(mandir_relative))
+infodir_relative_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(infodir_relative))
localedir_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(localedir))
gitexecdir_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(gitexecdir))
template_dir_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(template_dir))
-htmldir_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(htmldir))
+htmldir_relative_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(htmldir_relative))
prefix_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(prefix))
gitwebdir_SQ = $(subst ','\'',$(gitwebdir))
@@ -1642,7 +1678,7 @@ please_set_SHELL_PATH_to_a_more_modern_shell:
shell_compatibility_test: please_set_SHELL_PATH_to_a_more_modern_shell
strip: $(PROGRAMS) git$X
- $(STRIP) $(STRIP_OPTS) $(PROGRAMS) git$X
+ $(STRIP) $(STRIP_OPTS) $^
### Target-specific flags and dependencies
@@ -1679,9 +1715,9 @@ strip: $(PROGRAMS) git$X
git.sp git.s git.o: GIT-PREFIX
git.sp git.s git.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
- '-DGIT_HTML_PATH="$(htmldir_SQ)"' \
- '-DGIT_MAN_PATH="$(mandir_SQ)"' \
- '-DGIT_INFO_PATH="$(infodir_SQ)"'
+ '-DGIT_HTML_PATH="$(htmldir_relative_SQ)"' \
+ '-DGIT_MAN_PATH="$(mandir_relative_SQ)"' \
+ '-DGIT_INFO_PATH="$(infodir_relative_SQ)"'
git$X: git.o GIT-LDFLAGS $(BUILTIN_OBJS) $(GITLIBS)
$(QUIET_LINK)$(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) -o $@ git.o \
@@ -1691,9 +1727,9 @@ help.sp help.s help.o: common-cmds.h
builtin/help.sp builtin/help.s builtin/help.o: common-cmds.h GIT-PREFIX
builtin/help.sp builtin/help.s builtin/help.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
- '-DGIT_HTML_PATH="$(htmldir_SQ)"' \
- '-DGIT_MAN_PATH="$(mandir_SQ)"' \
- '-DGIT_INFO_PATH="$(infodir_SQ)"'
+ '-DGIT_HTML_PATH="$(htmldir_relative_SQ)"' \
+ '-DGIT_MAN_PATH="$(mandir_relative_SQ)"' \
+ '-DGIT_INFO_PATH="$(infodir_relative_SQ)"'
version.sp version.s version.o: GIT-VERSION-FILE GIT-USER-AGENT
version.sp version.s version.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
@@ -1702,9 +1738,9 @@ version.sp version.s version.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
$(BUILT_INS): git$X
$(QUIET_BUILT_IN)$(RM) $@ && \
- ln git$X $@ 2>/dev/null || \
- ln -s git$X $@ 2>/dev/null || \
- cp git$X $@
+ ln $< $@ 2>/dev/null || \
+ ln -s $< $@ 2>/dev/null || \
+ cp $< $@
common-cmds.h: ./generate-cmdlist.sh command-list.txt
@@ -1745,6 +1781,11 @@ $(SCRIPT_LIB) : % : %.sh GIT-SCRIPT-DEFINES
$(QUIET_GEN)$(cmd_munge_script) && \
mv $@+ $@
+git.res: git.rc GIT-VERSION-FILE
+ $(QUIET_RC)$(RC) \
+ $(join -DMAJOR= -DMINOR= -DPATCH=, $(wordlist 1,3,$(subst -, ,$(subst ., ,$(GIT_VERSION))))) \
+ -DGIT_VERSION="\\\"$(GIT_VERSION)\\\"" $< -o $@
+
ifndef NO_PERL
$(patsubst %.perl,%,$(SCRIPT_PERL)): perl/perl.mak
@@ -1769,7 +1810,7 @@ $(patsubst %.perl,%,$(SCRIPT_PERL)): % : %.perl GIT-VERSION-FILE
-e ' x' \
-e '}' \
-e 's/@@GIT_VERSION@@/$(GIT_VERSION)/g' \
- $@.perl >$@+ && \
+ $< >$@+ && \
chmod +x $@+ && \
mv $@+ $@
@@ -1793,8 +1834,8 @@ $(patsubst %.perl,%,$(SCRIPT_PERL)) git-instaweb: % : unimplemented.sh
endif # NO_PERL
ifndef NO_PYTHON
-$(patsubst %.py,%,$(SCRIPT_PYTHON)): GIT-CFLAGS GIT-PREFIX GIT-PYTHON-VARS
-$(patsubst %.py,%,$(SCRIPT_PYTHON)): % : %.py
+$(SCRIPT_PYTHON_GEN): GIT-CFLAGS GIT-PREFIX GIT-PYTHON-VARS
+$(SCRIPT_PYTHON_GEN): % : %.py
$(QUIET_GEN)$(RM) $@ $@+ && \
INSTLIBDIR=`MAKEFLAGS= $(MAKE) -C git_remote_helpers -s \
--no-print-directory prefix='$(prefix_SQ)' DESTDIR='$(DESTDIR_SQ)' \
@@ -1802,11 +1843,11 @@ $(patsubst %.py,%,$(SCRIPT_PYTHON)): % : %.py
sed -e '1s|#!.*python|#!$(PYTHON_PATH_SQ)|' \
-e 's|\(os\.getenv("GITPYTHONLIB"\)[^)]*)|\1,"@@INSTLIBDIR@@")|' \
-e 's|@@INSTLIBDIR@@|'"$$INSTLIBDIR"'|g' \
- $@.py >$@+ && \
+ $< >$@+ && \
chmod +x $@+ && \
mv $@+ $@
else # NO_PYTHON
-$(patsubst %.py,%,$(SCRIPT_PYTHON)): % : unimplemented.sh
+$(SCRIPT_PYTHON_GEN): % : unimplemented.sh
$(QUIET_GEN)$(RM) $@ $@+ && \
sed -e '1s|#!.*/sh|#!$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)|' \
-e 's|@@REASON@@|NO_PYTHON=$(NO_PYTHON)|g' \
@@ -2001,6 +2042,7 @@ endif
ifdef USE_NED_ALLOCATOR
compat/nedmalloc/nedmalloc.sp compat/nedmalloc/nedmalloc.o: EXTRA_CPPFLAGS = \
-DNDEBUG -DOVERRIDE_STRDUP -DREPLACE_SYSTEM_ALLOCATOR
+compat/nedmalloc/nedmalloc.sp: SPARSE_FLAGS += -Wno-non-pointer-null
endif
git-%$X: %.o GIT-LDFLAGS $(GITLIBS)
@@ -2032,13 +2074,13 @@ $(REMOTE_CURL_PRIMARY): remote-curl.o http.o http-walker.o GIT-LDFLAGS $(GITLIBS
$(LIBS) $(CURL_LIBCURL) $(EXPAT_LIBEXPAT)
$(LIB_FILE): $(LIB_OBJS)
- $(QUIET_AR)$(RM) $@ && $(AR) rcs $@ $(LIB_OBJS)
+ $(QUIET_AR)$(RM) $@ && $(AR) rcs $@ $^
$(XDIFF_LIB): $(XDIFF_OBJS)
- $(QUIET_AR)$(RM) $@ && $(AR) rcs $@ $(XDIFF_OBJS)
+ $(QUIET_AR)$(RM) $@ && $(AR) rcs $@ $^
$(VCSSVN_LIB): $(VCSSVN_OBJS)
- $(QUIET_AR)$(RM) $@ && $(AR) rcs $@ $(VCSSVN_OBJS)
+ $(QUIET_AR)$(RM) $@ && $(AR) rcs $@ $^
export DEFAULT_EDITOR DEFAULT_PAGER
@@ -2156,6 +2198,9 @@ GIT-BUILD-OPTIONS: FORCE
@echo NO_PERL=\''$(subst ','\'',$(subst ','\'',$(NO_PERL)))'\' >>$@
@echo NO_PYTHON=\''$(subst ','\'',$(subst ','\'',$(NO_PYTHON)))'\' >>$@
@echo NO_UNIX_SOCKETS=\''$(subst ','\'',$(subst ','\'',$(NO_UNIX_SOCKETS)))'\' >>$@
+ifdef TEST_OUTPUT_DIRECTORY
+ @echo TEST_OUTPUT_DIRECTORY=\''$(subst ','\'',$(subst ','\'',$(TEST_OUTPUT_DIRECTORY)))'\' >>$@
+endif
ifdef GIT_TEST_OPTS
@echo GIT_TEST_OPTS=\''$(subst ','\'',$(subst ','\'',$(GIT_TEST_OPTS)))'\' >>$@
endif
@@ -2195,6 +2240,7 @@ endif
test_bindir_programs := $(patsubst %,bin-wrappers/%,$(BINDIR_PROGRAMS_NEED_X) $(BINDIR_PROGRAMS_NO_X) $(TEST_PROGRAMS_NEED_X))
all:: $(TEST_PROGRAMS) $(test_bindir_programs)
+all:: $(NO_INSTALL)
bin-wrappers/%: wrap-for-bin.sh
@mkdir -p bin-wrappers
@@ -2259,9 +2305,6 @@ check: common-cmds.h
exit 1; \
fi
-remove-dashes:
- ./fixup-builtins $(BUILT_INS) $(PROGRAMS) $(SCRIPTS)
-
### Installation rules
ifneq ($(filter /%,$(firstword $(template_dir))),)
@@ -2440,11 +2483,11 @@ profile-clean:
$(RM) $(addsuffix *.gcda,$(addprefix $(PROFILE_DIR)/, $(object_dirs)))
$(RM) $(addsuffix *.gcno,$(addprefix $(PROFILE_DIR)/, $(object_dirs)))
-clean: profile-clean
- $(RM) *.o block-sha1/*.o ppc/*.o compat/*.o compat/*/*.o xdiff/*.o vcs-svn/*.o \
+clean: profile-clean coverage-clean
+ $(RM) *.o *.res block-sha1/*.o ppc/*.o compat/*.o compat/*/*.o xdiff/*.o vcs-svn/*.o \
builtin/*.o $(LIB_FILE) $(XDIFF_LIB) $(VCSSVN_LIB)
$(RM) $(ALL_PROGRAMS) $(SCRIPT_LIB) $(BUILT_INS) git$X
- $(RM) $(TEST_PROGRAMS)
+ $(RM) $(TEST_PROGRAMS) $(NO_INSTALL)
$(RM) -r bin-wrappers $(dep_dirs)
$(RM) -r po/build/
$(RM) *.spec *.pyc *.pyo */*.pyc */*.pyo common-cmds.h $(ETAGS_TARGET) tags cscope*
@@ -2521,29 +2564,34 @@ check-builtins::
### Test suite coverage testing
#
-.PHONY: coverage coverage-clean coverage-build coverage-report
+.PHONY: coverage coverage-clean coverage-compile coverage-test coverage-report
+.PHONY: coverage-clean-results
coverage:
- $(MAKE) coverage-build
- $(MAKE) coverage-report
+ $(MAKE) coverage-test
+ $(MAKE) coverage-untested-functions
object_dirs := $(sort $(dir $(OBJECTS)))
-coverage-clean:
+coverage-clean-results:
$(RM) $(addsuffix *.gcov,$(object_dirs))
$(RM) $(addsuffix *.gcda,$(object_dirs))
- $(RM) $(addsuffix *.gcno,$(object_dirs))
$(RM) coverage-untested-functions
$(RM) -r cover_db/
$(RM) -r cover_db_html/
+coverage-clean: coverage-clean-results
+ $(RM) $(addsuffix *.gcno,$(object_dirs))
+
COVERAGE_CFLAGS = $(CFLAGS) -O0 -ftest-coverage -fprofile-arcs
COVERAGE_LDFLAGS = $(CFLAGS) -O0 -lgcov
GCOVFLAGS = --preserve-paths --branch-probabilities --all-blocks
-coverage-build: coverage-clean
+coverage-compile:
$(MAKE) CFLAGS="$(COVERAGE_CFLAGS)" LDFLAGS="$(COVERAGE_LDFLAGS)" all
+
+coverage-test: coverage-clean-results coverage-compile
$(MAKE) CFLAGS="$(COVERAGE_CFLAGS)" LDFLAGS="$(COVERAGE_LDFLAGS)" \
- -j1 test
+ DEFAULT_TEST_TARGET=test -j1 test
coverage-report:
$(QUIET_GCOV)for dir in $(object_dirs); do \
diff --git a/RelNotes b/RelNotes
index bdce313..61c3b54 120000
--- a/RelNotes
+++ b/RelNotes
@@ -1 +1 @@
-Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.txt \ No newline at end of file
+Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.5.txt \ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/abspath.c b/abspath.c
index 40cdc46..64adbe2 100644
--- a/abspath.c
+++ b/abspath.c
@@ -216,7 +216,7 @@ const char *absolute_path(const char *path)
const char *prefix_filename(const char *pfx, int pfx_len, const char *arg)
{
static char path[PATH_MAX];
-#ifndef WIN32
+#ifndef GIT_WINDOWS_NATIVE
if (!pfx_len || is_absolute_path(arg))
return arg;
memcpy(path, pfx, pfx_len);
diff --git a/advice.c b/advice.c
index 780f58d..3eca9f5 100644
--- a/advice.c
+++ b/advice.c
@@ -8,10 +8,14 @@ int advice_push_already_exists = 1;
int advice_push_fetch_first = 1;
int advice_push_needs_force = 1;
int advice_status_hints = 1;
+int advice_status_u_option = 1;
int advice_commit_before_merge = 1;
int advice_resolve_conflict = 1;
int advice_implicit_identity = 1;
int advice_detached_head = 1;
+int advice_set_upstream_failure = 1;
+int advice_object_name_warning = 1;
+int advice_rm_hints = 1;
static struct {
const char *name;
@@ -25,10 +29,14 @@ static struct {
{ "pushfetchfirst", &advice_push_fetch_first },
{ "pushneedsforce", &advice_push_needs_force },
{ "statushints", &advice_status_hints },
+ { "statusuoption", &advice_status_u_option },
{ "commitbeforemerge", &advice_commit_before_merge },
{ "resolveconflict", &advice_resolve_conflict },
{ "implicitidentity", &advice_implicit_identity },
{ "detachedhead", &advice_detached_head },
+ { "setupstreamfailure", &advice_set_upstream_failure },
+ { "objectnamewarning", &advice_object_name_warning },
+ { "rmhints", &advice_rm_hints },
/* make this an alias for backward compatibility */
{ "pushnonfastforward", &advice_push_update_rejected }
diff --git a/advice.h b/advice.h
index fad36df..08fbc8e 100644
--- a/advice.h
+++ b/advice.h
@@ -11,12 +11,17 @@ extern int advice_push_already_exists;
extern int advice_push_fetch_first;
extern int advice_push_needs_force;
extern int advice_status_hints;
+extern int advice_status_u_option;
extern int advice_commit_before_merge;
extern int advice_resolve_conflict;
extern int advice_implicit_identity;
extern int advice_detached_head;
+extern int advice_set_upstream_failure;
+extern int advice_object_name_warning;
+extern int advice_rm_hints;
int git_default_advice_config(const char *var, const char *value);
+__attribute__((format (printf, 1, 2)))
void advise(const char *advice, ...);
int error_resolve_conflict(const char *me);
extern void NORETURN die_resolve_conflict(const char *me);
diff --git a/archive-zip.c b/archive-zip.c
index d3aef53..4bde019 100644
--- a/archive-zip.c
+++ b/archive-zip.c
@@ -111,8 +111,9 @@ static void copy_le32(unsigned char *dest, unsigned int n)
dest[3] = 0xff & (n >> 030);
}
-static void *zlib_deflate(void *data, unsigned long size,
- int compression_level, unsigned long *compressed_size)
+static void *zlib_deflate_raw(void *data, unsigned long size,
+ int compression_level,
+ unsigned long *compressed_size)
{
git_zstream stream;
unsigned long maxsize;
@@ -120,7 +121,7 @@ static void *zlib_deflate(void *data, unsigned long size,
int result;
memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));
- git_deflate_init(&stream, compression_level);
+ git_deflate_init_raw(&stream, compression_level);
maxsize = git_deflate_bound(&stream, size);
buffer = xmalloc(maxsize);
@@ -231,7 +232,6 @@ static int write_zip_entry(struct archiver_args *args,
size = 0;
compressed_size = 0;
buffer = NULL;
- size = 0;
} else if (S_ISREG(mode) || S_ISLNK(mode)) {
enum object_type type = sha1_object_info(sha1, &size);
@@ -240,7 +240,6 @@ static int write_zip_entry(struct archiver_args *args,
(mode & 0111) ? ((mode) << 16) : 0;
if (S_ISREG(mode) && args->compression_level != 0 && size > 0)
method = 8;
- compressed_size = (method == 0) ? size : 0;
if (S_ISREG(mode) && type == OBJ_BLOB && !args->convert &&
size > big_file_threshold) {
@@ -259,20 +258,18 @@ static int write_zip_entry(struct archiver_args *args,
crc = crc32(crc, buffer, size);
out = buffer;
}
+ compressed_size = (method == 0) ? size : 0;
} else {
return error("unsupported file mode: 0%o (SHA1: %s)", mode,
sha1_to_hex(sha1));
}
if (buffer && method == 8) {
- deflated = zlib_deflate(buffer, size, args->compression_level,
- &compressed_size);
- if (deflated && compressed_size - 6 < size) {
- /* ZLIB --> raw compressed data (see RFC 1950) */
- /* CMF and FLG ... */
- out = (unsigned char *)deflated + 2;
- compressed_size -= 6; /* ... and ADLER32 */
- } else {
+ out = deflated = zlib_deflate_raw(buffer, size,
+ args->compression_level,
+ &compressed_size);
+ if (!out || compressed_size >= size) {
+ out = buffer;
method = 0;
compressed_size = size;
}
@@ -353,7 +350,7 @@ static int write_zip_entry(struct archiver_args *args,
unsigned char compressed[STREAM_BUFFER_SIZE * 2];
memset(&zstream, 0, sizeof(zstream));
- git_deflate_init(&zstream, args->compression_level);
+ git_deflate_init_raw(&zstream, args->compression_level);
compressed_size = 0;
zstream.next_out = compressed;
@@ -370,13 +367,10 @@ static int write_zip_entry(struct archiver_args *args,
result = git_deflate(&zstream, 0);
if (result != Z_OK)
die("deflate error (%d)", result);
- out = compressed;
- if (!compressed_size)
- out += 2;
- out_len = zstream.next_out - out;
+ out_len = zstream.next_out - compressed;
if (out_len > 0) {
- write_or_die(1, out, out_len);
+ write_or_die(1, compressed, out_len);
compressed_size += out_len;
zstream.next_out = compressed;
zstream.avail_out = sizeof(compressed);
@@ -394,11 +388,8 @@ static int write_zip_entry(struct archiver_args *args,
die("deflate error (%d)", result);
git_deflate_end(&zstream);
- out = compressed;
- if (!compressed_size)
- out += 2;
- out_len = zstream.next_out - out - 4;
- write_or_die(1, out, out_len);
+ out_len = zstream.next_out - compressed;
+ write_or_die(1, compressed, out_len);
compressed_size += out_len;
zip_offset += compressed_size;
diff --git a/archive.c b/archive.c
index 93e00bb..d254fa5 100644
--- a/archive.c
+++ b/archive.c
@@ -234,7 +234,7 @@ static void parse_pathspec_arg(const char **pathspec,
ar_args->pathspec = pathspec = get_pathspec("", pathspec);
if (pathspec) {
while (*pathspec) {
- if (!path_exists(ar_args->tree, *pathspec))
+ if (**pathspec && !path_exists(ar_args->tree, *pathspec))
die("path not found: %s", *pathspec);
pathspec++;
}
diff --git a/argv-array.h b/argv-array.h
index 40248d4..85ba438 100644
--- a/argv-array.h
+++ b/argv-array.h
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ void argv_array_init(struct argv_array *);
void argv_array_push(struct argv_array *, const char *);
__attribute__((format (printf,2,3)))
void argv_array_pushf(struct argv_array *, const char *fmt, ...);
+LAST_ARG_MUST_BE_NULL
void argv_array_pushl(struct argv_array *, ...);
void argv_array_pop(struct argv_array *);
void argv_array_clear(struct argv_array *);
diff --git a/attr.c b/attr.c
index e2f9377..0e774c6 100644
--- a/attr.c
+++ b/attr.c
@@ -381,46 +381,13 @@ static struct attr_stack *read_attr_from_file(const char *path, int macro_ok)
return res;
}
-static void *read_index_data(const char *path)
-{
- int pos, len;
- unsigned long sz;
- enum object_type type;
- void *data;
- struct index_state *istate = use_index ? use_index : &the_index;
-
- len = strlen(path);
- pos = index_name_pos(istate, path, len);
- if (pos < 0) {
- /*
- * We might be in the middle of a merge, in which
- * case we would read stage #2 (ours).
- */
- int i;
- for (i = -pos - 1;
- (pos < 0 && i < istate->cache_nr &&
- !strcmp(istate->cache[i]->name, path));
- i++)
- if (ce_stage(istate->cache[i]) == 2)
- pos = i;
- }
- if (pos < 0)
- return NULL;
- data = read_sha1_file(istate->cache[pos]->sha1, &type, &sz);
- if (!data || type != OBJ_BLOB) {
- free(data);
- return NULL;
- }
- return data;
-}
-
static struct attr_stack *read_attr_from_index(const char *path, int macro_ok)
{
struct attr_stack *res;
char *buf, *sp;
int lineno = 0;
- buf = read_index_data(path);
+ buf = read_blob_data_from_index(use_index ? use_index : &the_index, path, NULL);
if (!buf)
return NULL;
@@ -657,24 +624,24 @@ static void prepare_attr_stack(const char *path, int dirlen)
}
static int path_matches(const char *pathname, int pathlen,
- const char *basename,
+ int basename_offset,
const struct pattern *pat,
const char *base, int baselen)
{
const char *pattern = pat->pattern;
int prefix = pat->nowildcardlen;
+ int isdir = (pathlen && pathname[pathlen - 1] == '/');
- if ((pat->flags & EXC_FLAG_MUSTBEDIR) &&
- ((!pathlen) || (pathname[pathlen-1] != '/')))
+ if ((pat->flags & EXC_FLAG_MUSTBEDIR) && !isdir)
return 0;
if (pat->flags & EXC_FLAG_NODIR) {
- return match_basename(basename,
- pathlen - (basename - pathname),
+ return match_basename(pathname + basename_offset,
+ pathlen - basename_offset - isdir,
pattern, prefix,
pat->patternlen, pat->flags);
}
- return match_pathname(pathname, pathlen,
+ return match_pathname(pathname, pathlen - isdir,
base, baselen,
pattern, prefix, pat->patternlen, pat->flags);
}
@@ -703,7 +670,7 @@ static int fill_one(const char *what, struct match_attr *a, int rem)
return rem;
}
-static int fill(const char *path, int pathlen, const char *basename,
+static int fill(const char *path, int pathlen, int basename_offset,
struct attr_stack *stk, int rem)
{
int i;
@@ -713,7 +680,7 @@ static int fill(const char *path, int pathlen, const char *basename,
struct match_attr *a = stk->attrs[i];
if (a->is_macro)
continue;
- if (path_matches(path, pathlen, basename,
+ if (path_matches(path, pathlen, basename_offset,
&a->u.pat, base, stk->originlen))
rem = fill_one("fill", a, rem);
}
@@ -752,7 +719,8 @@ static void collect_all_attrs(const char *path)
{
struct attr_stack *stk;
int i, pathlen, rem, dirlen;
- const char *basename, *cp, *last_slash = NULL;
+ const char *cp, *last_slash = NULL;
+ int basename_offset;
for (cp = path; *cp; cp++) {
if (*cp == '/' && cp[1])
@@ -760,10 +728,10 @@ static void collect_all_attrs(const char *path)
}
pathlen = cp - path;
if (last_slash) {
- basename = last_slash + 1;
+ basename_offset = last_slash + 1 - path;
dirlen = last_slash - path;
} else {
- basename = path;
+ basename_offset = 0;
dirlen = 0;
}
@@ -773,7 +741,7 @@ static void collect_all_attrs(const char *path)
rem = attr_nr;
for (stk = attr_stack; 0 < rem && stk; stk = stk->prev)
- rem = fill(path, pathlen, basename, stk, rem);
+ rem = fill(path, pathlen, basename_offset, stk, rem);
}
int git_check_attr(const char *path, int num, struct git_attr_check *check)
diff --git a/bisect.c b/bisect.c
index bd1b7b5..71c1958 100644
--- a/bisect.c
+++ b/bisect.c
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@
static struct sha1_array good_revs;
static struct sha1_array skipped_revs;
-static const unsigned char *current_bad_sha1;
+static unsigned char *current_bad_sha1;
static const char *argv_checkout[] = {"checkout", "-q", NULL, "--", NULL};
static const char *argv_show_branch[] = {"show-branch", NULL, NULL};
@@ -404,7 +404,8 @@ static int register_ref(const char *refname, const unsigned char *sha1,
int flags, void *cb_data)
{
if (!strcmp(refname, "bad")) {
- current_bad_sha1 = sha1;
+ current_bad_sha1 = xmalloc(20);
+ hashcpy(current_bad_sha1, sha1);
} else if (!prefixcmp(refname, "good-")) {
sha1_array_append(&good_revs, sha1);
} else if (!prefixcmp(refname, "skip-")) {
@@ -525,9 +526,9 @@ struct commit_list *filter_skipped(struct commit_list *list,
* is increased by one between each call, but that should not matter
* for this application.
*/
-static int get_prn(int count) {
+static unsigned get_prn(unsigned count) {
count = count * 1103515245 + 12345;
- return ((unsigned)(count/65536) % PRN_MODULO);
+ return (count/65536) % PRN_MODULO;
}
/*
diff --git a/branch.c b/branch.c
index 2bef1e7..c5c6984 100644
--- a/branch.c
+++ b/branch.c
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@ void install_branch_config(int flag, const char *local, const char *origin, cons
if (remote_is_branch
&& !strcmp(local, shortname)
&& !origin) {
- warning("Not setting branch %s as its own upstream.",
+ warning(_("Not setting branch %s as its own upstream."),
local);
return;
}
@@ -78,25 +78,25 @@ void install_branch_config(int flag, const char *local, const char *origin, cons
if (flag & BRANCH_CONFIG_VERBOSE) {
if (remote_is_branch && origin)
- printf(rebasing ?
- "Branch %s set up to track remote branch %s from %s by rebasing.\n" :
- "Branch %s set up to track remote branch %s from %s.\n",
- local, shortname, origin);
+ printf_ln(rebasing ?
+ _("Branch %s set up to track remote branch %s from %s by rebasing.") :
+ _("Branch %s set up to track remote branch %s from %s."),
+ local, shortname, origin);
else if (remote_is_branch && !origin)
- printf(rebasing ?
- "Branch %s set up to track local branch %s by rebasing.\n" :
- "Branch %s set up to track local branch %s.\n",
- local, shortname);
+ printf_ln(rebasing ?
+ _("Branch %s set up to track local branch %s by rebasing.") :
+ _("Branch %s set up to track local branch %s."),
+ local, shortname);
else if (!remote_is_branch && origin)
- printf(rebasing ?
- "Branch %s set up to track remote ref %s by rebasing.\n" :
- "Branch %s set up to track remote ref %s.\n",
- local, remote);
+ printf_ln(rebasing ?
+ _("Branch %s set up to track remote ref %s by rebasing.") :
+ _("Branch %s set up to track remote ref %s."),
+ local, remote);
else if (!remote_is_branch && !origin)
- printf(rebasing ?
- "Branch %s set up to track local ref %s by rebasing.\n" :
- "Branch %s set up to track local ref %s.\n",
- local, remote);
+ printf_ln(rebasing ?
+ _("Branch %s set up to track local ref %s by rebasing.") :
+ _("Branch %s set up to track local ref %s."),
+ local, remote);
else
die("BUG: impossible combination of %d and %p",
remote_is_branch, origin);
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ static int setup_tracking(const char *new_ref, const char *orig_ref,
int config_flags = quiet ? 0 : BRANCH_CONFIG_VERBOSE;
if (strlen(new_ref) > 1024 - 7 - 7 - 1)
- return error("Tracking not set up: name too long: %s",
+ return error(_("Tracking not set up: name too long: %s"),
new_ref);
memset(&tracking, 0, sizeof(tracking));
@@ -134,7 +134,7 @@ static int setup_tracking(const char *new_ref, const char *orig_ref,
}
if (tracking.matches > 1)
- return error("Not tracking: ambiguous information for ref %s",
+ return error(_("Not tracking: ambiguous information for ref %s"),
orig_ref);
install_branch_config(config_flags, new_ref, tracking.remote,
@@ -179,12 +179,12 @@ int validate_new_branchname(const char *name, struct strbuf *ref,
int force, int attr_only)
{
if (strbuf_check_branch_ref(ref, name))
- die("'%s' is not a valid branch name.", name);
+ die(_("'%s' is not a valid branch name."), name);
if (!ref_exists(ref->buf))
return 0;
else if (!force && !attr_only)
- die("A branch named '%s' already exists.", ref->buf + strlen("refs/heads/"));
+ die(_("A branch named '%s' already exists."), ref->buf + strlen("refs/heads/"));
if (!attr_only) {
const char *head;
@@ -192,11 +192,40 @@ int validate_new_branchname(const char *name, struct strbuf *ref,
head = resolve_ref_unsafe("HEAD", sha1, 0, NULL);
if (!is_bare_repository() && head && !strcmp(head, ref->buf))
- die("Cannot force update the current branch.");
+ die(_("Cannot force update the current branch."));
}
return 1;
}
+static int check_tracking_branch(struct remote *remote, void *cb_data)
+{
+ char *tracking_branch = cb_data;
+ struct refspec query;
+ memset(&query, 0, sizeof(struct refspec));
+ query.dst = tracking_branch;
+ return !(remote_find_tracking(remote, &query) ||
+ prefixcmp(query.src, "refs/heads/"));
+}
+
+static int validate_remote_tracking_branch(char *ref)
+{
+ return !for_each_remote(check_tracking_branch, ref);
+}
+
+static const char upstream_not_branch[] =
+N_("Cannot setup tracking information; starting point '%s' is not a branch.");
+static const char upstream_missing[] =
+N_("the requested upstream branch '%s' does not exist");
+static const char upstream_advice[] =
+N_("\n"
+"If you are planning on basing your work on an upstream\n"
+"branch that already exists at the remote, you may need to\n"
+"run \"git fetch\" to retrieve it.\n"
+"\n"
+"If you are planning to push out a new local branch that\n"
+"will track its remote counterpart, you may want to use\n"
+"\"git push -u\" to set the upstream config as you push.");
+
void create_branch(const char *head,
const char *name, const char *start_name,
int force, int reflog, int clobber_head,
@@ -224,38 +253,47 @@ void create_branch(const char *head,
}
real_ref = NULL;
- if (get_sha1(start_name, sha1))
- die("Not a valid object name: '%s'.", start_name);
+ if (get_sha1(start_name, sha1)) {
+ if (explicit_tracking) {
+ if (advice_set_upstream_failure) {
+ error(_(upstream_missing), start_name);
+ advise(_(upstream_advice));
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ die(_(upstream_missing), start_name);
+ }
+ die(_("Not a valid object name: '%s'."), start_name);
+ }
switch (dwim_ref(start_name, strlen(start_name), sha1, &real_ref)) {
case 0:
/* Not branching from any existing branch */
if (explicit_tracking)
- die("Cannot setup tracking information; starting point is not a branch.");
+ die(_(upstream_not_branch), start_name);
break;
case 1:
/* Unique completion -- good, only if it is a real branch */
if (prefixcmp(real_ref, "refs/heads/") &&
- prefixcmp(real_ref, "refs/remotes/")) {
+ validate_remote_tracking_branch(real_ref)) {
if (explicit_tracking)
- die("Cannot setup tracking information; starting point is not a branch.");
+ die(_(upstream_not_branch), start_name);
else
real_ref = NULL;
}
break;
default:
- die("Ambiguous object name: '%s'.", start_name);
+ die(_("Ambiguous object name: '%s'."), start_name);
break;
}
if ((commit = lookup_commit_reference(sha1)) == NULL)
- die("Not a valid branch point: '%s'.", start_name);
+ die(_("Not a valid branch point: '%s'."), start_name);
hashcpy(sha1, commit->object.sha1);
if (!dont_change_ref) {
lock = lock_any_ref_for_update(ref.buf, NULL, 0);
if (!lock)
- die_errno("Failed to lock ref for update");
+ die_errno(_("Failed to lock ref for update"));
}
if (reflog)
@@ -273,7 +311,7 @@ void create_branch(const char *head,
if (!dont_change_ref)
if (write_ref_sha1(lock, sha1, msg) < 0)
- die_errno("Failed to write ref");
+ die_errno(_("Failed to write ref"));
strbuf_release(&ref);
free(real_ref);
diff --git a/builtin.h b/builtin.h
index faef559..8afa2de 100644
--- a/builtin.h
+++ b/builtin.h
@@ -5,13 +5,15 @@
#include "strbuf.h"
#include "cache.h"
#include "commit.h"
-#include "notes.h"
#define DEFAULT_MERGE_LOG_LEN 20
extern const char git_usage_string[];
extern const char git_more_info_string[];
+#define PRUNE_PACKED_DRY_RUN 01
+#define PRUNE_PACKED_VERBOSE 02
+
extern void prune_packed_objects(int);
struct fmt_merge_msg_opts {
@@ -23,21 +25,6 @@ struct fmt_merge_msg_opts {
extern int fmt_merge_msg(struct strbuf *in, struct strbuf *out,
struct fmt_merge_msg_opts *);
-struct notes_rewrite_cfg {
- struct notes_tree **trees;
- const char *cmd;
- int enabled;
- combine_notes_fn combine;
- struct string_list *refs;
- int refs_from_env;
- int mode_from_env;
-};
-
-struct notes_rewrite_cfg *init_copy_notes_for_rewrite(const char *cmd);
-int copy_note_for_rewrite(struct notes_rewrite_cfg *c,
- const unsigned char *from_obj, const unsigned char *to_obj);
-void finish_copy_notes_for_rewrite(struct notes_rewrite_cfg *c);
-
extern int textconv_object(const char *path, unsigned mode, const unsigned char *sha1, int sha1_valid, char **buf, unsigned long *buf_size);
extern int cmd_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
@@ -53,6 +40,7 @@ extern int cmd_checkout(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_checkout_index(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_check_attr(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_check_ignore(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
+extern int cmd_check_mailmap(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_check_ref_format(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_cherry(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_cherry_pick(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
diff --git a/builtin/add.c b/builtin/add.c
index ab1c9e8..8266a9c 100644
--- a/builtin/add.c
+++ b/builtin/add.c
@@ -26,8 +26,55 @@ static int take_worktree_changes;
struct update_callback_data {
int flags;
int add_errors;
+ const char *implicit_dot;
+ size_t implicit_dot_len;
+
+ /* only needed for 2.0 transition preparation */
+ int warn_add_would_remove;
};
+static const char *option_with_implicit_dot;
+static const char *short_option_with_implicit_dot;
+
+static void warn_pathless_add(void)
+{
+ static int shown;
+ assert(option_with_implicit_dot && short_option_with_implicit_dot);
+
+ if (shown)
+ return;
+ shown = 1;
+
+ /*
+ * To be consistent with "git add -p" and most Git
+ * commands, we should default to being tree-wide, but
+ * this is not the original behavior and can't be
+ * changed until users trained themselves not to type
+ * "git add -u" or "git add -A". For now, we warn and
+ * keep the old behavior. Later, the behavior can be changed
+ * to tree-wide, keeping the warning for a while, and
+ * eventually we can drop the warning.
+ */
+ warning(_("The behavior of 'git add %s (or %s)' with no path argument from a\n"
+ "subdirectory of the tree will change in Git 2.0 and should not be used anymore.\n"
+ "To add content for the whole tree, run:\n"
+ "\n"
+ " git add %s :/\n"
+ " (or git add %s :/)\n"
+ "\n"
+ "To restrict the command to the current directory, run:\n"
+ "\n"
+ " git add %s .\n"
+ " (or git add %s .)\n"
+ "\n"
+ "With the current Git version, the command is restricted to "
+ "the current directory.\n"
+ ""),
+ option_with_implicit_dot, short_option_with_implicit_dot,
+ option_with_implicit_dot, short_option_with_implicit_dot,
+ option_with_implicit_dot, short_option_with_implicit_dot);
+}
+
static int fix_unmerged_status(struct diff_filepair *p,
struct update_callback_data *data)
{
@@ -49,15 +96,49 @@ static int fix_unmerged_status(struct diff_filepair *p,
return DIFF_STATUS_MODIFIED;
}
+static const char *add_would_remove_warning = N_(
+ "You ran 'git add' with neither '-A (--all)' or '--ignore-removal',\n"
+"whose behaviour will change in Git 2.0 with respect to paths you removed.\n"
+"Paths like '%s' that are\n"
+"removed from your working tree are ignored with this version of Git.\n"
+"\n"
+"* 'git add --ignore-removal <pathspec>', which is the current default,\n"
+" ignores paths you removed from your working tree.\n"
+"\n"
+"* 'git add --all <pathspec>' will let you also record the removals.\n"
+"\n"
+"Run 'git status' to check the paths you removed from your working tree.\n");
+
+static void warn_add_would_remove(const char *path)
+{
+ warning(_(add_would_remove_warning), path);
+}
+
static void update_callback(struct diff_queue_struct *q,
struct diff_options *opt, void *cbdata)
{
int i;
struct update_callback_data *data = cbdata;
+ const char *implicit_dot = data->implicit_dot;
+ size_t implicit_dot_len = data->implicit_dot_len;
for (i = 0; i < q->nr; i++) {
struct diff_filepair *p = q->queue[i];
const char *path = p->one->path;
+ /*
+ * Check if "git add -A" or "git add -u" was run from a
+ * subdirectory with a modified file outside that directory,
+ * and warn if so.
+ *
+ * "git add -u" will behave like "git add -u :/" instead of
+ * "git add -u ." in the future. This warning prepares for
+ * that change.
+ */
+ if (implicit_dot &&
+ strncmp_icase(path, implicit_dot, implicit_dot_len)) {
+ warn_pathless_add();
+ continue;
+ }
switch (fix_unmerged_status(p, data)) {
default:
die(_("unexpected diff status %c"), p->status);
@@ -70,6 +151,10 @@ static void update_callback(struct diff_queue_struct *q,
}
break;
case DIFF_STATUS_DELETED:
+ if (data->warn_add_would_remove) {
+ warn_add_would_remove(path);
+ data->warn_add_would_remove = 0;
+ }
if (data->flags & ADD_CACHE_IGNORE_REMOVAL)
break;
if (!(data->flags & ADD_CACHE_PRETEND))
@@ -81,24 +166,34 @@ static void update_callback(struct diff_queue_struct *q,
}
}
-int add_files_to_cache(const char *prefix, const char **pathspec, int flags)
+static void update_files_in_cache(const char *prefix, const char **pathspec,
+ struct update_callback_data *data)
{
- struct update_callback_data data;
struct rev_info rev;
+
init_revisions(&rev, prefix);
setup_revisions(0, NULL, &rev, NULL);
init_pathspec(&rev.prune_data, pathspec);
rev.diffopt.output_format = DIFF_FORMAT_CALLBACK;
rev.diffopt.format_callback = update_callback;
- data.flags = flags;
- data.add_errors = 0;
- rev.diffopt.format_callback_data = &data;
+ rev.diffopt.format_callback_data = data;
rev.max_count = 0; /* do not compare unmerged paths with stage #2 */
run_diff_files(&rev, DIFF_RACY_IS_MODIFIED);
+}
+
+int add_files_to_cache(const char *prefix, const char **pathspec, int flags)
+{
+ struct update_callback_data data;
+
+ memset(&data, 0, sizeof(data));
+ data.flags = flags;
+ update_files_in_cache(prefix, pathspec, &data);
return !!data.add_errors;
}
-static char *prune_directory(struct dir_struct *dir, const char **pathspec, int prefix)
+#define WARN_IMPLICIT_DOT (1u << 0)
+static char *prune_directory(struct dir_struct *dir, const char **pathspec,
+ int prefix, unsigned flag)
{
char *seen;
int i, specs;
@@ -115,6 +210,16 @@ static char *prune_directory(struct dir_struct *dir, const char **pathspec, int
if (match_pathspec(pathspec, entry->name, entry->len,
prefix, seen))
*dst++ = entry;
+ else if (flag & WARN_IMPLICIT_DOT)
+ /*
+ * "git add -A" was run from a subdirectory with a
+ * new file outside that directory.
+ *
+ * "git add -A" will behave like "git add -A :/"
+ * instead of "git add -A ." in the future.
+ * Warn about the coming behavior change.
+ */
+ warn_pathless_add();
}
dir->nr = dst - dir->entries;
add_pathspec_matches_against_index(pathspec, seen, specs);
@@ -238,6 +343,7 @@ static int edit_patch(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
argc = setup_revisions(argc, argv, &rev, NULL);
rev.diffopt.output_format = DIFF_FORMAT_PATCH;
+ rev.diffopt.use_color = 0;
DIFF_OPT_SET(&rev.diffopt, IGNORE_DIRTY_SUBMODULES);
out = open(file, O_CREAT | O_WRONLY, 0666);
if (out < 0)
@@ -270,23 +376,38 @@ static struct lock_file lock_file;
static const char ignore_error[] =
N_("The following paths are ignored by one of your .gitignore files:\n");
-static int verbose = 0, show_only = 0, ignored_too = 0, refresh_only = 0;
-static int ignore_add_errors, addremove, intent_to_add, ignore_missing = 0;
+static int verbose, show_only, ignored_too, refresh_only;
+static int ignore_add_errors, intent_to_add, ignore_missing;
+
+#define ADDREMOVE_DEFAULT 0 /* Change to 1 in Git 2.0 */
+static int addremove = ADDREMOVE_DEFAULT;
+static int addremove_explicit = -1; /* unspecified */
+
+static int ignore_removal_cb(const struct option *opt, const char *arg, int unset)
+{
+ /* if we are told to ignore, we are not adding removals */
+ *(int *)opt->value = !unset ? 0 : 1;
+ return 0;
+}
static struct option builtin_add_options[] = {
OPT__DRY_RUN(&show_only, N_("dry run")),
OPT__VERBOSE(&verbose, N_("be verbose")),
OPT_GROUP(""),
- OPT_BOOLEAN('i', "interactive", &add_interactive, N_("interactive picking")),
- OPT_BOOLEAN('p', "patch", &patch_interactive, N_("select hunks interactively")),
- OPT_BOOLEAN('e', "edit", &edit_interactive, N_("edit current diff and apply")),
+ OPT_BOOL('i', "interactive", &add_interactive, N_("interactive picking")),
+ OPT_BOOL('p', "patch", &patch_interactive, N_("select hunks interactively")),
+ OPT_BOOL('e', "edit", &edit_interactive, N_("edit current diff and apply")),
OPT__FORCE(&ignored_too, N_("allow adding otherwise ignored files")),
- OPT_BOOLEAN('u', "update", &take_worktree_changes, N_("update tracked files")),
- OPT_BOOLEAN('N', "intent-to-add", &intent_to_add, N_("record only the fact that the path will be added later")),
- OPT_BOOLEAN('A', "all", &addremove, N_("add changes from all tracked and untracked files")),
- OPT_BOOLEAN( 0 , "refresh", &refresh_only, N_("don't add, only refresh the index")),
- OPT_BOOLEAN( 0 , "ignore-errors", &ignore_add_errors, N_("just skip files which cannot be added because of errors")),
- OPT_BOOLEAN( 0 , "ignore-missing", &ignore_missing, N_("check if - even missing - files are ignored in dry run")),
+ OPT_BOOL('u', "update", &take_worktree_changes, N_("update tracked files")),
+ OPT_BOOL('N', "intent-to-add", &intent_to_add, N_("record only the fact that the path will be added later")),
+ OPT_BOOL('A', "all", &addremove_explicit, N_("add changes from all tracked and untracked files")),
+ { OPTION_CALLBACK, 0, "ignore-removal", &addremove_explicit,
+ NULL /* takes no arguments */,
+ N_("ignore paths removed in the working tree (same as --no-all)"),
+ PARSE_OPT_NOARG, ignore_removal_cb },
+ OPT_BOOL( 0 , "refresh", &refresh_only, N_("don't add, only refresh the index")),
+ OPT_BOOL( 0 , "ignore-errors", &ignore_add_errors, N_("just skip files which cannot be added because of errors")),
+ OPT_BOOL( 0 , "ignore-missing", &ignore_missing, N_("check if - even missing - files are ignored in dry run")),
OPT_END(),
};
@@ -321,35 +442,6 @@ static int add_files(struct dir_struct *dir, int flags)
return exit_status;
}
-static void warn_pathless_add(const char *option_name, const char *short_name) {
- /*
- * To be consistent with "git add -p" and most Git
- * commands, we should default to being tree-wide, but
- * this is not the original behavior and can't be
- * changed until users trained themselves not to type
- * "git add -u" or "git add -A". For now, we warn and
- * keep the old behavior. Later, the behavior can be changed
- * to tree-wide, keeping the warning for a while, and
- * eventually we can drop the warning.
- */
- warning(_("The behavior of 'git add %s (or %s)' with no path argument from a\n"
- "subdirectory of the tree will change in Git 2.0 and should not be used anymore.\n"
- "To add content for the whole tree, run:\n"
- "\n"
- " git add %s :/\n"
- " (or git add %s :/)\n"
- "\n"
- "To restrict the command to the current directory, run:\n"
- "\n"
- " git add %s .\n"
- " (or git add %s .)\n"
- "\n"
- "With the current Git version, the command is restricted to the current directory."),
- option_name, short_name,
- option_name, short_name,
- option_name, short_name);
-}
-
int cmd_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
int exit_status = 0;
@@ -360,8 +452,8 @@ int cmd_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
int add_new_files;
int require_pathspec;
char *seen = NULL;
- const char *option_with_implicit_dot = NULL;
- const char *short_option_with_implicit_dot = NULL;
+ int implicit_dot = 0;
+ struct update_callback_data update_data;
git_config(add_config, NULL);
@@ -377,8 +469,29 @@ int cmd_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
argc--;
argv++;
+ if (0 <= addremove_explicit)
+ addremove = addremove_explicit;
+ else if (take_worktree_changes && ADDREMOVE_DEFAULT)
+ addremove = 0; /* "-u" was given but not "-A" */
+
if (addremove && take_worktree_changes)
die(_("-A and -u are mutually incompatible"));
+
+ /*
+ * Warn when "git add pathspec..." was given without "-u" or "-A"
+ * and pathspec... covers a removed path.
+ */
+ memset(&update_data, 0, sizeof(update_data));
+ if (!take_worktree_changes && addremove_explicit < 0)
+ update_data.warn_add_would_remove = 1;
+
+ if (!take_worktree_changes && addremove_explicit < 0 && argc)
+ /*
+ * Turn "git add pathspec..." to "git add -A pathspec..."
+ * in Git 2.0 but not yet
+ */
+ ; /* addremove = 1; */
+
if (!show_only && ignore_missing)
die(_("Option --ignore-missing can only be used together with --dry-run"));
if (addremove) {
@@ -391,11 +504,9 @@ int cmd_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
}
if (option_with_implicit_dot && !argc) {
static const char *here[2] = { ".", NULL };
- if (prefix)
- warn_pathless_add(option_with_implicit_dot,
- short_option_with_implicit_dot);
argc = 1;
argv = here;
+ implicit_dot = 1;
}
add_new_files = !take_worktree_changes && !refresh_only;
@@ -408,7 +519,8 @@ int cmd_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
(intent_to_add ? ADD_CACHE_INTENT : 0) |
(ignore_add_errors ? ADD_CACHE_IGNORE_ERRORS : 0) |
(!(addremove || take_worktree_changes)
- ? ADD_CACHE_IGNORE_REMOVAL : 0));
+ ? ADD_CACHE_IGNORE_REMOVAL : 0)) |
+ (implicit_dot ? ADD_CACHE_IMPLICIT_DOT : 0);
if (require_pathspec && argc == 0) {
fprintf(stderr, _("Nothing specified, nothing added.\n"));
@@ -432,21 +544,22 @@ int cmd_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
}
/* This picks up the paths that are not tracked */
- baselen = fill_directory(&dir, pathspec);
+ baselen = fill_directory(&dir, implicit_dot ? NULL : pathspec);
if (pathspec)
- seen = prune_directory(&dir, pathspec, baselen);
+ seen = prune_directory(&dir, pathspec, baselen,
+ implicit_dot ? WARN_IMPLICIT_DOT : 0);
}
if (refresh_only) {
refresh(verbose, pathspec);
goto finish;
}
+ if (implicit_dot && prefix)
+ refresh_cache(REFRESH_QUIET);
if (pathspec) {
int i;
- struct path_exclude_check check;
- path_exclude_check_init(&check, &dir);
if (!seen)
seen = find_pathspecs_matching_against_index(pathspec);
for (i = 0; pathspec[i]; i++) {
@@ -454,7 +567,7 @@ int cmd_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
&& !file_exists(pathspec[i])) {
if (ignore_missing) {
int dtype = DT_UNKNOWN;
- if (is_path_excluded(&check, pathspec[i], -1, &dtype))
+ if (is_excluded(&dir, pathspec[i], &dtype))
dir_add_ignored(&dir, pathspec[i], strlen(pathspec[i]));
} else
die(_("pathspec '%s' did not match any files"),
@@ -462,13 +575,24 @@ int cmd_add(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
}
}
free(seen);
- path_exclude_check_clear(&che