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-rwxr-xr-xt/t9128-git-svn-cmd-branch.sh18
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9129-git-svn-i18n-commitencoding.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9130-git-svn-authors-file.sh3
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9135-git-svn-moved-branch-empty-file.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9137-git-svn-dcommit-clobber-series.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9138-git-svn-authors-prog.sh35
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9141-git-svn-multiple-branches.sh28
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9145-git-svn-master-branch.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9147-git-svn-include-paths.sh149
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9148-git-svn-propset.sh95
-rwxr-xr-x[-rw-r--r--]t/t9150/make-svk-dump0
-rwxr-xr-x[-rw-r--r--]t/t9151/make-svnmerge-dump0
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9154-git-svn-fancy-glob.sh13
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9155-git-svn-fetch-deleted-tag.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9156-git-svn-fetch-deleted-tag-2.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9158-git-svn-mergeinfo.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9161-git-svn-mergeinfo-push.sh33
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9163-git-svn-reset-clears-caches.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9164-git-svn-dcommit-concurrent.sh (renamed from t/t9164-git-svn-dcommit-concrrent.sh)8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9165-git-svn-fetch-merge-branch-of-branch.sh60
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9166-git-svn-fetch-merge-branch-of-branch2.sh53
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9167-git-svn-cmd-branch-subproject.sh48
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9200-git-cvsexportcommit.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9300-fast-import.sh271
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9350-fast-export.sh96
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9351-fast-export-anonymize.sh112
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9400-git-cvsserver-server.sh76
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9401-git-cvsserver-crlf.sh38
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9402-git-cvsserver-refs.sh551
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9500-gitweb-standalone-no-errors.sh33
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9501-gitweb-standalone-http-status.sh15
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9502-gitweb-standalone-parse-output.sh27
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9603-cvsimport-patchsets.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9604-cvsimport-timestamps.sh71
-rw-r--r--t/t9604/cvsroot/.gitattributes1
-rw-r--r--t/t9604/cvsroot/CVSROOT/.gitignore2
-rw-r--r--t/t9604/cvsroot/module/a,v264
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9700-perl-git.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9700/test.pl6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9800-git-p4-basic.sh79
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9801-git-p4-branch.sh200
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh211
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9803-git-p4-shell-metachars.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9805-git-p4-skip-submit-edit.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9806-git-p4-options.sh161
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9807-git-p4-submit.sh80
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9808-git-p4-chdir.sh41
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9809-git-p4-client-view.sh49
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9810-git-p4-rcs.sh95
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9812-git-p4-wildcards.sh87
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9813-git-p4-preserve-users.sh46
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9814-git-p4-rename.sh67
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9815-git-p4-submit-fail.sh432
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9816-git-p4-locked.sh145
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9817-git-p4-exclude.sh71
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9818-git-p4-block.sh119
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9819-git-p4-case-folding.sh54
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9820-git-p4-editor-handling.sh38
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9902-completion.sh542
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9903-bash-prompt.sh657
-rw-r--r--t/test-lib-functions.sh382
-rw-r--r--t/test-lib.sh682
-rwxr-xr-xt/test-terminal.perl34
-rwxr-xr-xt/valgrind/analyze.sh8
-rwxr-xr-xt/valgrind/valgrind.sh30
-rw-r--r--tag.c37
-rw-r--r--tag.h1
-rw-r--r--tempfile.c305
-rw-r--r--tempfile.h271
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--applypatch-msg.sample4
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--pre-applypatch.sample4
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--pre-commit.sample29
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--pre-push.sample53
-rwxr-xr-xtemplates/hooks--update.sample2
-rw-r--r--test-chmtime.c16
-rw-r--r--test-config.c152
-rw-r--r--test-date.c14
-rw-r--r--test-delta.c2
-rw-r--r--test-dump-cache-tree.c9
-rw-r--r--test-dump-split-index.c34
-rw-r--r--test-dump-untracked-cache.c62
-rw-r--r--test-genrandom.c2
-rw-r--r--test-hashmap.c264
-rw-r--r--test-index-version.c2
-rw-r--r--test-line-buffer.c6
-rw-r--r--test-match-trees.c4
-rw-r--r--test-mergesort.c2
-rw-r--r--test-parse-options.c11
-rw-r--r--test-path-utils.c83
-rw-r--r--test-prio-queue.c39
-rw-r--r--test-read-cache.c13
-rw-r--r--test-regex.c20
-rw-r--r--test-revision-walking.c2
-rw-r--r--test-run-command.c4
-rw-r--r--test-scrap-cache-tree.c6
-rw-r--r--test-sha1-array.c34
-rw-r--r--test-sha1.c15
-rw-r--r--test-sigchain.c2
-rw-r--r--test-string-list.c103
-rw-r--r--test-submodule-config.c76
-rw-r--r--test-subprocess.c7
-rw-r--r--test-svn-fe.c4
-rw-r--r--test-urlmatch-normalization.c50
-rw-r--r--test-wildmatch.c21
-rw-r--r--thread-utils.c20
-rw-r--r--thread-utils.h4
-rw-r--r--trace.c381
-rw-r--r--trace.h114
-rw-r--r--trailer.c867
-rw-r--r--trailer.h6
-rw-r--r--transport-helper.c380
-rw-r--r--transport.c309
-rw-r--r--transport.h49
-rw-r--r--tree-diff.c730
-rw-r--r--tree-walk.c461
-rw-r--r--tree-walk.h22
-rw-r--r--tree.c46
-rw-r--r--tree.h12
-rw-r--r--unicode_width.h323
-rw-r--r--unix-socket.c17
-rw-r--r--unpack-trees.c393
-rw-r--r--unpack-trees.h15
-rwxr-xr-xupdate_unicode.sh40
-rw-r--r--upload-pack.c404
-rw-r--r--url.c2
-rw-r--r--urlmatch.c538
-rw-r--r--urlmatch.h53
-rw-r--r--usage.c55
-rw-r--r--userdiff.c81
-rw-r--r--utf8.c382
-rw-r--r--utf8.h45
-rw-r--r--varint.c1
-rw-r--r--varint.h2
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/fast_export.c47
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/fast_export.h8
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/svndump.c61
-rw-r--r--vcs-svn/svndump.h3
-rw-r--r--version.c21
-rw-r--r--version.h1
-rw-r--r--versioncmp.c143
-rw-r--r--walker.c95
-rw-r--r--wildmatch.c279
-rw-r--r--wildmatch.h18
-rw-r--r--wrap-for-bin.sh2
-rw-r--r--wrapper.c323
-rw-r--r--write_or_die.c39
-rw-r--r--ws.c7
-rw-r--r--wt-status.c919
-rw-r--r--wt-status.h28
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xdiff.h2
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xdiffi.c31
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xdiffi.h1
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xemit.c51
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xemit.h2
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xhistogram.c2
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xmerge.c4
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xutils.c13
-rw-r--r--xdiff/xutils.h1
-rw-r--r--zlib.c27
1717 files changed, 258093 insertions, 71216 deletions
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index bb5c91e..4fd81ba 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -1,8 +1,9 @@
/GIT-BUILD-OPTIONS
/GIT-CFLAGS
/GIT-LDFLAGS
-/GIT-GUI-VARS
/GIT-PREFIX
+/GIT-PERL-DEFINES
+/GIT-PYTHON-VARS
/GIT-SCRIPT-DEFINES
/GIT-USER-AGENT
/GIT-VERSION-FILE
@@ -22,6 +23,8 @@
/git-bundle
/git-cat-file
/git-check-attr
+/git-check-ignore
+/git-check-mailmap
/git-check-ref-format
/git-checkout
/git-checkout-index
@@ -71,9 +74,9 @@
/git-index-pack
/git-init
/git-init-db
+/git-interpret-trailers
/git-instaweb
/git-log
-/git-lost-found
/git-ls-files
/git-ls-remote
/git-ls-tree
@@ -103,7 +106,6 @@
/git-pack-refs
/git-parse-remote
/git-patch-id
-/git-peek-remote
/git-prune
/git-prune-packed
/git-pull
@@ -125,9 +127,10 @@
/git-remote-fd
/git-remote-ext
/git-remote-testgit
+/git-remote-testpy
+/git-remote-testsvn
/git-repack
/git-replace
-/git-repo-config
/git-request-pull
/git-rerere
/git-reset
@@ -155,7 +158,6 @@
/git-svn
/git-symbolic-ref
/git-tag
-/git-tar-tree
/git-unpack-file
/git-unpack-objects
/git-update-index
@@ -164,24 +166,29 @@
/git-upload-archive
/git-upload-pack
/git-var
+/git-verify-commit
/git-verify-pack
/git-verify-tag
/git-web--browse
/git-whatchanged
+/git-worktree
/git-write-tree
/git-core-*/?*
-/gitk-git/gitk-wish
/gitweb/GITWEB-BUILD-OPTIONS
/gitweb/gitweb.cgi
/gitweb/static/gitweb.js
/gitweb/static/gitweb.min.*
/test-chmtime
/test-ctype
+/test-config
/test-date
/test-delta
/test-dump-cache-tree
+/test-dump-split-index
+/test-dump-untracked-cache
/test-scrap-cache-tree
/test-genrandom
+/test-hashmap
/test-index-version
/test-line-buffer
/test-match-trees
@@ -189,12 +196,20 @@
/test-mktemp
/test-parse-options
/test-path-utils
+/test-prio-queue
+/test-read-cache
+/test-regex
/test-revision-walking
/test-run-command
/test-sha1
+/test-sha1-array
/test-sigchain
+/test-string-list
+/test-submodule-config
/test-subprocess
/test-svn-fe
+/test-urlmatch-normalization
+/test-wildmatch
/common-cmds.h
*.tar.gz
*.dsc
@@ -219,11 +234,13 @@
/config.mak.autogen
/config.mak.append
/configure
+/unicode
/tags
/TAGS
/cscope*
*.obj
*.lib
+*.res
*.sln
*.suo
*.ncb
diff --git a/.mailmap b/.mailmap
index 6303782..ece2951 100644
--- a/.mailmap
+++ b/.mailmap
@@ -5,71 +5,250 @@
# same person appearing not to be so.
#
+<nico@fluxnic.net> <nico@cam.org>
+Alejandro R. Sedeño <asedeno@MIT.EDU> <asedeno@mit.edu>
Alex Bennée <kernel-hacker@bennee.com>
+Alex Riesen <raa.lkml@gmail.com> <fork0@t-online.de>
+Alex Riesen <raa.lkml@gmail.com> <raa@limbo.localdomain>
+Alex Riesen <raa.lkml@gmail.com> <raa@steel.home>
+Alex Vandiver <alex@chmrr.net> <alexmv@MIT.EDU>
Alexander Gavrilov <angavrilov@gmail.com>
+Alexander Kuleshov <kuleshovmail@gmail.com>
+Alexey Shumkin <alex.crezoff@gmail.com> <zapped@mail.ru>
+Alexey Shumkin <alex.crezoff@gmail.com> <Alex.Crezoff@gmail.com>
+Anders Kaseorg <andersk@MIT.EDU> <andersk@ksplice.com>
+Anders Kaseorg <andersk@MIT.EDU> <andersk@mit.edu>
Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@gmail.com>
-Brian M. Carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx>
+Amos Waterland <apw@debian.org> <apw@rossby.metr.ou.edu>
+Amos Waterland <apw@debian.org> <apw@us.ibm.com>
+Ben Walton <bdwalton@gmail.com> <bwalton@artsci.utoronto.ca>
+Benoit Sigoure <tsunanet@gmail.com> <tsuna@lrde.epita.fr>
+Bernt Hansen <bernt@norang.ca> <bernt@alumni.uwaterloo.ca>
+Brandon Casey <drafnel@gmail.com> <casey@nrlssc.navy.mil>
+brian m. carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx> Brian M. Carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx>
+brian m. carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx> <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net>
+Bryan Larsen <bryan@larsen.st> <bryan.larsen@gmail.com>
+Bryan Larsen <bryan@larsen.st> <bryanlarsen@yahoo.com>
+Cheng Renquan <crquan@gmail.com>
Chris Shoemaker <c.shoemaker@cox.net>
-Dana L. How <danahow@gmail.com>
-Dana L. How <how@deathvalley.cswitch.com>
+Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org> <chrisw@osdl.org>
+Cord Seele <cowose@gmail.com> <cowose@googlemail.com>
+Christian Stimming <stimming@tuhh.de> <chs@ckiste.goetheallee>
+Csaba Henk <csaba@gluster.com> <csaba@lowlife.hu>
+Dan Johnson <computerdruid@gmail.com>
+Dana L. How <danahow@gmail.com> <how@deathvalley.cswitch.com>
+Dana L. How <danahow@gmail.com> Dana How
Daniel Barkalow <barkalow@iabervon.org>
+Daniel Trstenjak <daniel.trstenjak@gmail.com> <daniel.trstenjak@online.de>
+Daniel Trstenjak <daniel.trstenjak@gmail.com> <trsten@science-computing.de>
+David Brown <git@davidb.org> <davidb@quicinc.com>
David D. Kilzer <ddkilzer@kilzer.net>
David Kågedal <davidk@lysator.liu.se>
+David Reiss <dreiss@facebook.com> <dreiss@dreiss-vmware.(none)>
David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Deskin Miller <deskinm@umich.edu>
Dirk Süsserott <newsletter@dirk.my1.cc>
-Fredrik Kuivinen <freku045@student.liu.se>
-H. Peter Anvin <hpa@bonde.sc.orionmulti.com>
-H. Peter Anvin <hpa@tazenda.sc.orionmulti.com>
-H. Peter Anvin <hpa@trantor.hos.anvin.org>
+Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com> <ebb9@byu.net>
+Eric Hanchrow <eric.hanchrow@gmail.com> <offby1@blarg.net>
+Eric S. Raymond <esr@thyrsus.com>
+Erik Faye-Lund <kusmabite@gmail.com> <kusmabite@googlemail.com>
+Eyvind Bernhardsen <eyvind.bernhardsen@gmail.com> <eyvind-git@orakel.ntnu.no>
+Florian Achleitner <florian.achleitner.2.6.31@gmail.com> <florian.achleitner2.6.31@gmail.com>
+Franck Bui-Huu <vagabon.xyz@gmail.com> <fbuihuu@gmail.com>
+Frank Lichtenheld <frank@lichtenheld.de> <djpig@debian.org>
+Frank Lichtenheld <frank@lichtenheld.de> <flichtenheld@astaro.com>
+Fredrik Kuivinen <frekui@gmail.com> <freku045@student.liu.se>
+Frédéric Heitzmann <frederic.heitzmann@gmail.com>
+Garry Dolley <gdolley@ucla.edu> <gdolley@arpnetworks.com>
+Greg Price <price@mit.edu> <price@MIT.EDU>
+Greg Price <price@mit.edu> <price@ksplice.com>
+Heiko Voigt <hvoigt@hvoigt.net> <git-list@hvoigt.net>
+H. Merijn Brand <h.m.brand@xs4all.nl> H.Merijn Brand <h.m.brand@xs4all.nl>
+H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> <hpa@bonde.sc.orionmulti.com>
+H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> <hpa@smyrno.hos.anvin.org>
+H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> <hpa@tazenda.sc.orionmulti.com>
+H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> <hpa@trantor.hos.anvin.org>
+Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@xs4all.nl>
Horst H. von Brand <vonbrand@inf.utfsm.cl>
-İsmail Dönmez <ismail@pardus.org.tr>
-Jay Soffian <jaysoffian+git@gmail.com>
+J. Bruce Fields <bfields@citi.umich.edu> <bfields@fieldses.org>
+J. Bruce Fields <bfields@citi.umich.edu> <bfields@pig.linuxdev.us.dell.com>
+J. Bruce Fields <bfields@citi.umich.edu> <bfields@puzzle.fieldses.org>
+Jakub Narębski <jnareb@gmail.com>
+James Y Knight <jknight@itasoftware.com> <foom@fuhm.net>
+# The 2 following authors are probably the same person,
+# but both emails bounce.
+Jason McMullan <jason.mcmullan@timesys.com>
+Jason McMullan <mcmullan@netapp.com>
+Jason Riedy <ejr@eecs.berkeley.edu> <ejr@EECS.Berkeley.EDU>
+Jason Riedy <ejr@eecs.berkeley.edu> <ejr@cs.berkeley.edu>
+Jay Soffian <jaysoffian@gmail.com> <jaysoffian+git@gmail.com>
+Jeff King <peff@peff.net> <peff@github.com>
+Jeff Muizelaar <jmuizelaar@mozilla.com> <jeff@infidigm.net>
+Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> <axboe@suse.de>
+Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
+Jens Lindström <jl@opera.com> Jens Lindstrom <jl@opera.com>
+Jim Meyering <jim@meyering.net> <meyering@redhat.com>
Joachim Berdal Haga <cjhaga@fys.uio.no>
-Jon Loeliger <jdl@freescale.com>
-Jon Seymour <jon@blackcubes.dyndns.org>
-Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@uchicago.edu>
+Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de> <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>
+Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <J.Sixt@eudaptics.com>
+Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <j.sixt@viscovery.net>
+Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <johannes.sixt@telecom.at>
+John 'Warthog9' Hawley <warthog9@kernel.org> <warthog9@eaglescrag.net>
+Jon Loeliger <jdl@jdl.com> <jdl@freescale.com>
+Jon Loeliger <jdl@jdl.com> <jdl@freescale.org>
+Jon Seymour <jon.seymour@gmail.com> <jon@blackcubes.dyndns.org>
+Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com> <jrnieder@uchicago.edu>
+Jonathan del Strother <jon.delStrother@bestbefore.tv> <maillist@steelskies.com>
+Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> <josh@freedesktop.org>
+Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> <josht@us.ibm.com>
+Julian Phillips <julian@quantumfyre.co.uk> <jp3@quantumfyre.co.uk>
Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <gitster@pobox.com>
-Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@pobox.com>
-Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@twinsun.com>
-Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junkio@twinsun.com>
Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@hera.kernel.org>
Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@kernel.org>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@pobox.com>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junio@twinsun.com>
Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junkio@cox.net>
-Karl Hasselström <kha@treskal.com>
+Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> <junkio@twinsun.com>
+Karl Wiberg <kha@treskal.com> Karl Hasselström
+Karl Wiberg <kha@treskal.com> <kha@yoghurt.hemma.treskal.com>
+Karsten Blees <blees@dcon.de> <karsten.blees@dcon.de>
+Karsten Blees <blees@dcon.de> <karsten.blees@gmail.com>
+Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> <kay.sievers@suse.de>
+Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> <kay@mam.(none)>
+Kazuki Saitoh <ksaitoh560@gmail.com> kazuki saitoh <ksaitoh560@gmail.com>
+Keith Cascio <keith@CS.UCLA.EDU> <keith@cs.ucla.edu>
Kent Engstrom <kent@lysator.liu.se>
+Kevin Leung <kevinlsk@gmail.com>
+Kirill Smelkov <kirr@navytux.spb.ru> <kirr@landau.phys.spbu.ru>
+Kirill Smelkov <kirr@navytux.spb.ru> <kirr@mns.spb.ru>
+Knut Franke <Knut.Franke@gmx.de> <k.franke@science-computing.de>
Lars Doelle <lars.doelle@on-line ! de>
Lars Doelle <lars.doelle@on-line.de>
+Lars Noschinski <lars@public.noschinski.de> <lars.noschinski@rwth-aachen.de>
Li Hong <leehong@pku.edu.cn>
-Lukas Sandström <lukass@etek.chalmers.se>
-Martin Langhoff <martin@laptop.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@evo.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org.(none)>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>
+Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>
+Lukas Sandström <luksan@gmail.com> <lukass@etek.chalmers.se>
+Marc Khouzam <marc.khouzam@ericsson.com> <marc.khouzam@gmail.com>
+Marc-André Lureau <marcandre.lureau@gmail.com>
+Marco Costalba <mcostalba@gmail.com> <mcostalba@yahoo.it>
+Mark Levedahl <mdl123@verizon.net> <mlevedahl@gmail.com>
+Mark Rada <marada@uwaterloo.ca>
+Martin Langhoff <martin@laptop.org> <martin@catalyst.net.nz>
+Martin von Zweigbergk <martinvonz@gmail.com> <martin.von.zweigbergk@gmail.com>
+Matt Draisey <matt@draisey.ca> <mattdraisey@sympatico.ca>
+Matt Kraai <kraai@ftbfs.org> <matt.kraai@amo.abbott.com>
+Matt McCutchen <matt@mattmccutchen.net> <hashproduct@gmail.com>
+Matthias Kestenholz <matthias@spinlock.ch> <mk@spinlock.ch>
+Matthias Urlichs <matthias@urlichs.de> <smurf@kiste.(none)>
+Matthias Urlichs <matthias@urlichs.de> <smurf@smurf.noris.de>
Michael Coleman <tutufan@gmail.com>
Michael J Gruber <git@drmicha.warpmail.net> <michaeljgruber+gmane@fastmail.fm>
+Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@kernel.org> <mst@redhat.com>
+Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@kernel.org> <mst@mellanox.co.il>
+Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@kernel.org> <mst@dev.mellanox.co.il>
Michael W. Olson <mwolson@gnu.org>
+Michael Witten <mfwitten@gmail.com> <mfwitten@MIT.EDU>
+Michael Witten <mfwitten@gmail.com> <mfwitten@mit.edu>
+Michal Rokos <michal.rokos@nextsoft.cz> <rokos@nextsoft.cz>
Michele Ballabio <barra_cuda@katamail.com>
-Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@bluebottle.com>
+Miklos Vajna <vmiklos@frugalware.org> <vmiklos@suse.cz>
+Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> <namhyung.kim@lge.com>
+Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> <namhyung@kernel.org>
+Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@lavabit.com> <nanako3@bluebottle.com>
Nanako Shiraishi <nanako3@lavabit.com>
+Nelson Elhage <nelhage@mit.edu> <nelhage@MIT.EDU>
+Nelson Elhage <nelhage@mit.edu> <nelhage@ksplice.com>
Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclouds@gmail.com>
-<nico@fluxnic.net> <nico@cam.org>
+Nick Stokoe <nick@noodlefactory.co.uk> Nick Woolley <nick@noodlefactory.co.uk>
+Nick Stokoe <nick@noodlefactory.co.uk> Nick Woolley <nickwoolley@yahoo.co.uk>
+Nicolas Morey-Chaisemartin <devel-git@morey-chaisemartin.com> <nicolas.morey@free.fr>
+Nicolas Morey-Chaisemartin <devel-git@morey-chaisemartin.com> <nmorey@kalray.eu>
+Nicolas Sebrecht <nicolas.s.dev@gmx.fr> <ni.s@laposte.net>
+Paolo Bonzini <bonzini@gnu.org> <paolo.bonzini@lu.unisi.ch>
+Pascal Obry <pascal@obry.net> <pascal.obry@gmail.com>
+Pascal Obry <pascal@obry.net> <pascal.obry@wanadoo.fr>
+Pat Notz <patnotz@gmail.com> <pknotz@sandia.gov>
+Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> <paulus@dorrigo.(none)>
+Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> <paulus@pogo.(none)>
+Peter Baumann <waste.manager@gmx.de> <Peter.B.Baumann@stud.informatik.uni-erlangen.de>
+Peter Baumann <waste.manager@gmx.de> <siprbaum@stud.informatik.uni-erlangen.de>
+Peter Krefting <peter@softwolves.pp.se> <peter@softwolves.pp.se>
+Peter Krefting <peter@softwolves.pp.se> <peter@svarten.intern.softwolves.pp.se>
+Petr Baudis <pasky@ucw.cz> <pasky@suse.cz>
+Petr Baudis <pasky@ucw.cz> <xpasky@machine>
+Phil Hord <hordp@cisco.com> <phil.hord@gmail.com>
+Philip Jägenstedt <philip@foolip.org> <philip.jagenstedt@gmail.com>
+Philipp A. Hartmann <pah@qo.cx> <ph@sorgh.de>
Philippe Bruhat <book@cpan.org>
+Ralf Thielow <ralf.thielow@gmail.com> <ralf.thielow@googlemail.com>
Ramsay Allan Jones <ramsay@ramsay1.demon.co.uk>
-René Scharfe <rene.scharfe@lsrfire.ath.cx>
+René Scharfe <l.s.r@web.de> <rene.scharfe@lsrfire.ath.cx>
Robert Fitzsimons <robfitz@273k.net>
-Sam Vilain <sam@vilain.net>
-Santi Béjar <sbejar@gmail.com>
+Robert Shearman <robertshearman@gmail.com> <rob@codeweavers.com>
+Robert Zeh <robert.a.zeh@gmail.com>
+Robin Rosenberg <robin.rosenberg@dewire.com> <robin.rosenberg.lists@dewire.com>
+Rutger Nijlunsing <rutger.nijlunsing@gmail.com> <rutger@nospam.com>
+Rutger Nijlunsing <rutger.nijlunsing@gmail.com> <git@tux.tmfweb.nl>
+Ryan Anderson <ryan@michonline.com> <rda@google.com>
+Salikh Zakirov <salikh.zakirov@gmail.com> <Salikh.Zakirov@Intel.com>
+Sam Vilain <sam@vilain.net> <sam.vilain@catalyst.net.nz>
+Sam Vilain <sam@vilain.net> sam@vilain.net
+Santi Béjar <santi@agolina.net> <sbejar@gmail.com>
Sean Estabrooks <seanlkml@sympatico.ca>
+Sebastian Schuberth <sschuberth@gmail.com> <sschuberth@visageimaging.com>
+Seth Falcon <seth@userprimary.net> <sfalcon@fhcrc.org>
Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
-Steven Grimm <koreth@midwinter.com>
+Simon Hausmann <hausmann@kde.org> <simon@lst.de>
+Simon Hausmann <hausmann@kde.org> <shausman@trolltech.com>
+Stefan Beller <stefanbeller@gmail.com> <stefanbeller@googlemail.com>
+Stefan Beller <stefanbeller@gmail.com> <sbeller@google.com>
+Stefan Naewe <stefan.naewe@gmail.com> <stefan.naewe@atlas-elektronik.com>
+Stefan Naewe <stefan.naewe@gmail.com> <stefan.naewe@googlemail.com>
+Stefan Sperling <stsp@elego.de> <stsp@stsp.name>
+Štěpán Němec <stepnem@gmail.com> <stepan.nemec@gmail.com>
+Stephen Boyd <bebarino@gmail.com> <sboyd@codeaurora.org>
+Steven Drake <sdrake@xnet.co.nz> <sdrake@ihug.co.nz>
+Steven Grimm <koreth@midwinter.com> <sgrimm@sgrimm-mbp.local>
+Steven Grimm <koreth@midwinter.com> koreth@midwinter.com
+Steven Walter <stevenrwalter@gmail.com> <swalter@lexmark.com>
+Steven Walter <stevenrwalter@gmail.com> <swalter@lpdev.prtdev.lexmark.com>
+Sven Verdoolaege <skimo@kotnet.org> <Sven.Verdoolaege@cs.kuleuven.ac.be>
+Sven Verdoolaege <skimo@kotnet.org> <skimo@liacs.nl>
+Tay Ray Chuan <rctay89@gmail.com>
+Ted Percival <ted@midg3t.net> <ted.percival@quest.com>
Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
+Thomas Ackermann <th.acker@arcor.de> <th.acker66@arcor.de>
+Thomas Rast <tr@thomasrast.ch> <trast@student.ethz.ch>
+Thomas Rast <tr@thomasrast.ch> <trast@inf.ethz.ch>
+Thomas Rast <tr@thomasrast.ch> <trast@google.com>
+Timo Hirvonen <tihirvon@gmail.com> <tihirvon@ee.oulu.fi>
+Toby Allsopp <Toby.Allsopp@navman.co.nz> <toby.allsopp@navman.co.nz>
+Tom Grennan <tmgrennan@gmail.com> <tgrennan@redback.com>
+Tommi Virtanen <tv@debian.org> <tv@eagain.net>
+Tommi Virtanen <tv@debian.org> <tv@inoi.fi>
+Tommy Thorn <tommy-git@thorn.ws> <tt1729@yahoo.com>
Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
-Uwe Kleine-König <Uwe_Zeisberger@digi.com>
-Uwe Kleine-König <Uwe.Kleine-Koenig@digi.com>
-Uwe Kleine-König <ukleinek@informatik.uni-freiburg.de>
-Uwe Kleine-König <uzeisberger@io.fsforth.de>
-Uwe Kleine-König <zeisberg@informatik.uni-freiburg.de>
-Ville Skyttä <scop@xemacs.org>
+Tor Arne Vestbø <torarnv@gmail.com> <tavestbo@trolltech.com>
+Trần Ngọc Quân <vnwildman@gmail.com> Tran Ngoc Quan <vnwildman@gmail.com>
+Trent Piepho <tpiepho@gmail.com> <tpiepho@freescale.com>
+Trent Piepho <tpiepho@gmail.com> <xyzzy@speakeasy.org>
+Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <Uwe.Kleine-Koenig@digi.com>
+Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <ukleinek@informatik.uni-freiburg.de>
+Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <uzeisberger@io.fsforth.de>
+Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <zeisberg@informatik.uni-freiburg.de>
+Ville Skyttä <ville.skytta@iki.fi> <scop@xemacs.org>
Vitaly "_Vi" Shukela <public_vi@tut.by>
+W. Trevor King <wking@tremily.us> <wking@drexel.edu>
William Pursell <bill.pursell@gmail.com>
+YONETANI Tomokazu <y0n3t4n1@gmail.com> <qhwt+git@les.ath.cx>
+YONETANI Tomokazu <y0n3t4n1@gmail.com> <y0netan1@dragonflybsd.org>
YOSHIFUJI Hideaki <yoshfuji@linux-ipv6.org>
+# the two anonymous contributors are different persons:
anonymous <linux@horizon.com>
anonymous <linux@horizon.net>
+İsmail Dönmez <ismail@pardus.org.tr>
diff --git a/Documentation/.gitignore b/Documentation/.gitignore
index d62aebd..2c8b2d6 100644
--- a/Documentation/.gitignore
+++ b/Documentation/.gitignore
@@ -9,4 +9,5 @@ gitman.info
howto-index.txt
doc.dep
cmds-*.txt
+mergetools-*.txt
manpage-base-url.xsl
diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index 4557711..c6e536f 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
Like other projects, we also have some guidelines to keep to the
-code. For git in general, three rough rules are:
+code. For Git in general, a few rough rules are:
- Most importantly, we never say "It's in POSIX; we'll happily
ignore your needs should your system not conform to it."
@@ -18,11 +18,20 @@ code. For git in general, three rough rules are:
judgement call, the decision based more on real world
constraints people face than what the paper standard says.
+ - Fixing style violations while working on a real change as a
+ preparatory clean-up step is good, but otherwise avoid useless code
+ churn for the sake of conforming to the style.
+
+ "Once it _is_ in the tree, it's not really worth the patch noise to
+ go and fix it up."
+ Cf. http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel/943020
+
+Make your code readable and sensible, and don't try to be clever.
As for more concrete guidelines, just imitate the existing code
(this is a good guideline, no matter which project you are
contributing to). It is always preferable to match the _local_
-convention. New code added to git suite is expected to match
+convention. New code added to Git suite is expected to match
the overall style of existing code. Modifications to existing
code is expected to match the style the surrounding code already
uses (even if it doesn't match the overall style of existing code).
@@ -33,7 +42,17 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
- We use tabs for indentation.
- - Case arms are indented at the same depth as case and esac lines.
+ - Case arms are indented at the same depth as case and esac lines,
+ like this:
+
+ case "$variable" in
+ pattern1)
+ do this
+ ;;
+ pattern2)
+ do that
+ ;;
+ esac
- Redirection operators should be written with space before, but no
space after them. In other words, write 'echo test >"$file"'
@@ -42,6 +61,14 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
redirection target in a variable (as shown above), our code does so
because some versions of bash issue a warning without the quotes.
+ (incorrect)
+ cat hello > world < universe
+ echo hello >$world
+
+ (correct)
+ cat hello >world <universe
+ echo hello >"$world"
+
- We prefer $( ... ) for command substitution; unlike ``, it
properly nests. It should have been the way Bourne spelled
it from day one, but unfortunately isn't.
@@ -76,19 +103,46 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
- We do not use Process Substitution <(list) or >(list).
+ - Do not write control structures on a single line with semicolon.
+ "then" should be on the next line for if statements, and "do"
+ should be on the next line for "while" and "for".
+
+ (incorrect)
+ if test -f hello; then
+ do this
+ fi
+
+ (correct)
+ if test -f hello
+ then
+ do this
+ fi
+
- We prefer "test" over "[ ... ]".
- We do not write the noiseword "function" in front of shell
functions.
+ - We prefer a space between the function name and the parentheses,
+ and no space inside the parentheses. The opening "{" should also
+ be on the same line.
+
+ (incorrect)
+ my_function(){
+ ...
+
+ (correct)
+ my_function () {
+ ...
+
- As to use of grep, stick to a subset of BRE (namely, no \{m,n\},
- [::], [==], nor [..]) for portability.
+ [::], [==], or [..]) for portability.
- We do not use \{m,n\};
- We do not use -E;
- - We do not use ? nor + (which are \{0,1\} and \{1,\}
+ - We do not use ? or + (which are \{0,1\} and \{1,\}
respectively in BRE) but that goes without saying as these
are ERE elements not BRE (note that \? and \+ are not even part
of BRE -- making them accessible from BRE is a GNU extension).
@@ -97,6 +151,19 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
interface translatable. See "Marking strings for translation" in
po/README.
+ - We do not write our "test" command with "-a" and "-o" and use "&&"
+ or "||" to concatenate multiple "test" commands instead, because
+ the use of "-a/-o" is often error-prone. E.g.
+
+ test -n "$x" -a "$a" = "$b"
+
+ is buggy and breaks when $x is "=", but
+
+ test -n "$x" && test "$a" = "$b"
+
+ does not have such a problem.
+
+
For C programs:
- We use tabs to indent, and interpret tabs as taking up to
@@ -104,11 +171,30 @@ For C programs:
- We try to keep to at most 80 characters per line.
+ - We try to support a wide range of C compilers to compile Git with,
+ including old ones. That means that you should not use C99
+ initializers, even if a lot of compilers grok it.
+
+ - Variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block.
+
+ - NULL pointers shall be written as NULL, not as 0.
+
- When declaring pointers, the star sides with the variable
name, i.e. "char *string", not "char* string" or
"char * string". This makes it easier to understand code
like "char *string, c;".
+ - Use whitespace around operators and keywords, but not inside
+ parentheses and not around functions. So:
+
+ while (condition)
+ func(bar + 1);
+
+ and not:
+
+ while( condition )
+ func (bar+1);
+
- We avoid using braces unnecessarily. I.e.
if (bla) {
@@ -121,16 +207,116 @@ For C programs:
of "else if" statements, it can make sense to add braces to
single line blocks.
- - We try to avoid assignments inside if().
+ - We try to avoid assignments in the condition of an "if" statement.
- Try to make your code understandable. You may put comments
in, but comments invariably tend to stale out when the code
they were describing changes. Often splitting a function
into two makes the intention of the code much clearer.
+ - Multi-line comments include their delimiters on separate lines from
+ the text. E.g.
+
+ /*
+ * A very long
+ * multi-line comment.
+ */
+
+ Note however that a comment that explains a translatable string to
+ translators uses a convention of starting with a magic token
+ "TRANSLATORS: " immediately after the opening delimiter, even when
+ it spans multiple lines. We do not add an asterisk at the beginning
+ of each line, either. E.g.
+
+ /* TRANSLATORS: here is a comment that explains the string
+ to be translated, that follows immediately after it */
+ _("Here is a translatable string explained by the above.");
+
- Double negation is often harder to understand than no negation
at all.
+ - There are two schools of thought when it comes to comparison,
+ especially inside a loop. Some people prefer to have the less stable
+ value on the left hand side and the more stable value on the right hand
+ side, e.g. if you have a loop that counts variable i down to the
+ lower bound,
+
+ while (i > lower_bound) {
+ do something;
+ i--;
+ }
+
+ Other people prefer to have the textual order of values match the
+ actual order of values in their comparison, so that they can
+ mentally draw a number line from left to right and place these
+ values in order, i.e.
+
+ while (lower_bound < i) {
+ do something;
+ i--;
+ }
+
+ Both are valid, and we use both. However, the more "stable" the
+ stable side becomes, the more we tend to prefer the former
+ (comparison with a constant, "i > 0", is an extreme example).
+ Just do not mix styles in the same part of the code and mimic
+ existing styles in the neighbourhood.
+
+ - There are two schools of thought when it comes to splitting a long
+ logical line into multiple lines. Some people push the second and
+ subsequent lines far enough to the right with tabs and align them:
+
+ if (the_beginning_of_a_very_long_expression_that_has_to ||
+ span_more_than_a_single_line_of ||
+ the_source_text) {
+ ...
+
+ while other people prefer to align the second and the subsequent
+ lines with the column immediately inside the opening parenthesis,
+ with tabs and spaces, following our "tabstop is always a multiple
+ of 8" convention:
+
+ if (the_beginning_of_a_very_long_expression_that_has_to ||
+ span_more_than_a_single_line_of ||
+ the_source_text) {
+ ...
+
+ Both are valid, and we use both. Again, just do not mix styles in
+ the same part of the code and mimic existing styles in the
+ neighbourhood.
+
+ - When splitting a long logical line, some people change line before
+ a binary operator, so that the result looks like a parse tree when
+ you turn your head 90-degrees counterclockwise:
+
+ if (the_beginning_of_a_very_long_expression_that_has_to
+ || span_more_than_a_single_line_of_the_source_text) {
+
+ while other people prefer to leave the operator at the end of the
+ line:
+
+ if (the_beginning_of_a_very_long_expression_that_has_to ||
+ span_more_than_a_single_line_of_the_source_text) {
+
+ Both are valid, but we tend to use the latter more, unless the
+ expression gets fairly complex, in which case the former tends to
+ be easier to read. Again, just do not mix styles in the same part
+ of the code and mimic existing styles in the neighbourhood.
+
+ - When splitting a long logical line, with everything else being
+ equal, it is preferable to split after the operator at higher
+ level in the parse tree. That is, this is more preferable:
+
+ if (a_very_long_variable * that_is_used_in +
+ a_very_long_expression) {
+ ...
+
+ than
+
+ if (a_very_long_variable *
+ that_is_used_in + a_very_long_expression) {
+ ...
+
- Some clever tricks, like using the !! operator with arithmetic
constructs, can be extremely confusing to others. Avoid them,
unless there is a compelling reason to use them.
@@ -142,20 +328,25 @@ For C programs:
- When you come up with an API, document it.
- - The first #include in C files, except in platform specific
- compat/ implementations, should be git-compat-util.h or another
- header file that includes it, such as cache.h or builtin.h.
+ - The first #include in C files, except in platform specific compat/
+ implementations, must be either "git-compat-util.h", "cache.h" or
+ "builtin.h". You do not have to include more than one of these.
+
+ - A C file must directly include the header files that declare the
+ functions and the types it uses, except for the functions and types
+ that are made available to it by including one of the header files
+ it must include by the previous rule.
- If you are planning a new command, consider writing it in shell
or perl first, so that changes in semantics can be easily
- changed and discussed. Many git commands started out like
+ changed and discussed. Many Git commands started out like
that, and a few are still scripts.
- - Avoid introducing a new dependency into git. This means you
+ - Avoid introducing a new dependency into Git. This means you
usually should stay away from scripting languages not already
- used in the git core command set (unless your command is clearly
+ used in the Git core command set (unless your command is clearly
separate from it, such as an importer to convert random-scm-X
- repositories to git).
+ repositories to Git).
- When we pass <string, length> pair to functions, we should try to
pass them in that order.
@@ -163,19 +354,125 @@ For C programs:
- Use Git's gettext wrappers to make the user interface
translatable. See "Marking strings for translation" in po/README.
+For Perl programs:
+
+ - Most of the C guidelines above apply.
+
+ - We try to support Perl 5.8 and later ("use Perl 5.008").
+
+ - use strict and use warnings are strongly preferred.
+
+ - Don't overuse statement modifiers unless using them makes the
+ result easier to follow.
+
+ ... do something ...
+ do_this() unless (condition);
+ ... do something else ...
+
+ is more readable than:
+
+ ... do something ...
+ unless (condition) {
+ do_this();
+ }
+ ... do something else ...
+
+ *only* when the condition is so rare that do_this() will be almost
+ always called.
+
+ - We try to avoid assignments inside "if ()" conditions.
+
+ - Learn and use Git.pm if you need that functionality.
+
+ - For Emacs, it's useful to put the following in
+ GIT_CHECKOUT/.dir-locals.el, assuming you use cperl-mode:
+
+ ;; note the first part is useful for C editing, too
+ ((nil . ((indent-tabs-mode . t)
+ (tab-width . 8)
+ (fill-column . 80)))
+ (cperl-mode . ((cperl-indent-level . 8)
+ (cperl-extra-newline-before-brace . nil)
+ (cperl-merge-trailing-else . t))))
+
+For Python scripts:
+
+ - We follow PEP-8 (http://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0008/).
+
+ - As a minimum, we aim to be compatible with Python 2.6 and 2.7.
+
+ - Where required libraries do not restrict us to Python 2, we try to
+ also be compatible with Python 3.1 and later.
+
+ - When you must differentiate between Unicode literals and byte string
+ literals, it is OK to use the 'b' prefix. Even though the Python
+ documentation for version 2.6 does not mention this prefix, it has
+ been supported since version 2.6.0.
+
+Error Messages
+
+ - Do not end error messages with a full stop.
+
+ - Do not capitalize ("unable to open %s", not "Unable to open %s")
+
+ - Say what the error is first ("cannot open %s", not "%s: cannot open")
+
+
+Externally Visible Names
+
+ - For configuration variable names, follow the existing convention:
+
+ . The section name indicates the affected subsystem.
+
+ . The subsection name, if any, indicates which of an unbounded set
+ of things to set the value for.
+
+ . The variable name describes the effect of tweaking this knob.
+
+ The section and variable names that consist of multiple words are
+ formed by concatenating the words without punctuations (e.g. `-`),
+ and are broken using bumpyCaps in documentation as a hint to the
+ reader.
+
+ When choosing the variable namespace, do not use variable name for
+ specifying possibly unbounded set of things, most notably anything
+ an end user can freely come up with (e.g. branch names). Instead,
+ use subsection names or variable values, like the existing variable
+ branch.<name>.description does.
+
+
Writing Documentation:
+ Most (if not all) of the documentation pages are written in the
+ AsciiDoc format in *.txt files (e.g. Documentation/git.txt), and
+ processed into HTML and manpages (e.g. git.html and git.1 in the
+ same directory).
+
+ The documentation liberally mixes US and UK English (en_US/UK)
+ norms for spelling and grammar, which is somewhat unfortunate.
+ In an ideal world, it would have been better if it consistently
+ used only one and not the other, and we would have picked en_US
+ (if you wish to correct the English of some of the existing
+ documentation, please see the documentation-related advice in the
+ Documentation/SubmittingPatches file).
+
Every user-visible change should be reflected in the documentation.
The same general rule as for code applies -- imitate the existing
- conventions. A few commented examples follow to provide reference
- when writing or modifying command usage strings and synopsis sections
- in the manual pages:
+ conventions.
+
+ A few commented examples follow to provide reference when writing or
+ modifying command usage strings and synopsis sections in the manual
+ pages:
Placeholders are spelled in lowercase and enclosed in angle brackets:
<file>
--sort=<key>
--abbrev[=<n>]
+ If a placeholder has multiple words, they are separated by dashes:
+ <new-branch-name>
+ --template=<template-directory>
+
Possibility of multiple occurrences is indicated by three dots:
<file>...
(One or more of <file>.)
@@ -192,12 +489,12 @@ Writing Documentation:
(Zero or more of <patch>. Note that the dots are inside, not
outside the brackets.)
- Multiple alternatives are indicated with vertical bar:
+ Multiple alternatives are indicated with vertical bars:
[-q | --quiet]
[--utf8 | --no-utf8]
Parentheses are used for grouping:
- [(<rev>|<range>)...]
+ [(<rev> | <range>)...]
(Any number of either <rev> or <range>. Parens are needed to make
it clear that "..." pertains to both <rev> and <range>.)
@@ -214,3 +511,34 @@ Writing Documentation:
valid usage. "*" has its own pair of brackets, because it can
(optionally) be specified only when one or more of the letters is
also provided.
+
+ A note on notation:
+ Use 'git' (all lowercase) when talking about commands i.e. something
+ the user would type into a shell and use 'Git' (uppercase first letter)
+ when talking about the version control system and its properties.
+
+ A few commented examples follow to provide reference when writing or
+ modifying paragraphs or option/command explanations that contain options
+ or commands:
+
+ Literal examples (e.g. use of command-line options, command names, and
+ configuration variables) are typeset in monospace, and if you can use
+ `backticks around word phrases`, do so.
+ `--pretty=oneline`
+ `git rev-list`
+ `remote.pushDefault`
+
+ Word phrases enclosed in `backtick characters` are rendered literally
+ and will not be further expanded. The use of `backticks` to achieve the
+ previous rule means that literal examples should not use AsciiDoc
+ escapes.
+ Correct:
+ `--pretty=oneline`
+ Incorrect:
+ `\--pretty=oneline`
+
+ If some place in the documentation needs to typeset a command usage
+ example with inline substitutions, it is fine to use +monospaced and
+ inline substituted text+ instead of `monospaced literal text`, and with
+ the former, the part that should not get substituted must be
+ quoted/escaped.
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index 063fa69..3e39e28 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -1,63 +1,124 @@
-MAN1_TXT= \
- $(filter-out $(addsuffix .txt, $(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES)), \
- $(wildcard git-*.txt)) \
- gitk.txt gitweb.txt git.txt
-MAN5_TXT=gitattributes.txt gitignore.txt gitmodules.txt githooks.txt \
- gitrepository-layout.txt gitweb.conf.txt
-MAN7_TXT=gitcli.txt gittutorial.txt gittutorial-2.txt \
- gitcvs-migration.txt gitcore-tutorial.txt gitglossary.txt \
- gitdiffcore.txt gitnamespaces.txt gitrevisions.txt gitworkflows.txt
+# Guard against environment variables
+MAN1_TXT =
+MAN5_TXT =
+MAN7_TXT =
+TECH_DOCS =
+ARTICLES =
+SP_ARTICLES =
+OBSOLETE_HTML =
+
+MAN1_TXT += $(filter-out \
+ $(addsuffix .txt, $(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES)), \
+ $(wildcard git-*.txt))
+MAN1_TXT += git.txt
+MAN1_TXT += gitk.txt
+MAN1_TXT += gitremote-helpers.txt
+MAN1_TXT += gitweb.txt
+
+MAN5_TXT += gitattributes.txt
+MAN5_TXT += githooks.txt
+MAN5_TXT += gitignore.txt
+MAN5_TXT += gitmodules.txt
+MAN5_TXT += gitrepository-layout.txt
+MAN5_TXT += gitweb.conf.txt
+
+MAN7_TXT += gitcli.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitcore-tutorial.txt
MAN7_TXT += gitcredentials.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitcvs-migration.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitdiffcore.txt
+MAN7_TXT += giteveryday.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitglossary.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitnamespaces.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitrevisions.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gittutorial-2.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gittutorial.txt
+MAN7_TXT += gitworkflows.txt
MAN_TXT = $(MAN1_TXT) $(MAN5_TXT) $(MAN7_TXT)
-MAN_XML=$(patsubst %.txt,%.xml,$(MAN_TXT))
-MAN_HTML=$(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(MAN_TXT))
+MAN_XML = $(patsubst %.txt,%.xml,$(MAN_TXT))
+MAN_HTML = $(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(MAN_TXT))
-DOC_HTML=$(MAN_HTML)
+OBSOLETE_HTML += everyday.html
+OBSOLETE_HTML += git-remote-helpers.html
+DOC_HTML = $(MAN_HTML) $(OBSOLETE_HTML)
-ARTICLES = howto-index
-ARTICLES += everyday
+ARTICLES += howto-index
ARTICLES += git-tools
ARTICLES += git-bisect-lk2009
# with their own formatting rules.
-SP_ARTICLES = user-manual
+SP_ARTICLES += user-manual
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/new-command
SP_ARTICLES += howto/revert-branch-rebase
SP_ARTICLES += howto/using-merge-subtree
SP_ARTICLES += howto/using-signed-tag-in-pull-request
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/use-git-daemon
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/update-hook-example
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/setup-git-server-over-http
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/separating-topic-branches
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/revert-a-faulty-merge
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/recover-corrupted-blob-object
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/recover-corrupted-object-harder
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/rebuild-from-update-hook
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/rebase-from-internal-branch
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/keep-canonical-history-correct
+SP_ARTICLES += howto/maintain-git
API_DOCS = $(patsubst %.txt,%,$(filter-out technical/api-index-skel.txt technical/api-index.txt, $(wildcard technical/api-*.txt)))
SP_ARTICLES += $(API_DOCS)
+
+TECH_DOCS += technical/http-protocol
+TECH_DOCS += technical/index-format
+TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-format
+TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-heuristics
+TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-protocol
+TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-capabilities
+TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-common
+TECH_DOCS += technical/racy-git
+TECH_DOCS += technical/send-pack-pipeline
+TECH_DOCS += technical/shallow
+TECH_DOCS += technical/trivial-merge
+SP_ARTICLES += $(TECH_DOCS)
SP_ARTICLES += technical/api-index
DOC_HTML += $(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES))
-DOC_MAN1=$(patsubst %.txt,%.1,$(MAN1_TXT))
-DOC_MAN5=$(patsubst %.txt,%.5,$(MAN5_TXT))
-DOC_MAN7=$(patsubst %.txt,%.7,$(MAN7_TXT))
-
-prefix?=$(HOME)
-bindir?=$(prefix)/bin
-htmldir?=$(prefix)/share/doc/git-doc
-pdfdir?=$(prefix)/share/doc/git-doc
-mandir?=$(prefix)/share/man
-man1dir=$(mandir)/man1
-man5dir=$(mandir)/man5
-man7dir=$(mandir)/man7
-# DESTDIR=
-
-ASCIIDOC=asciidoc
+DOC_MAN1 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.1,$(MAN1_TXT))
+DOC_MAN5 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.5,$(MAN5_TXT))
+DOC_MAN7 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.7,$(MAN7_TXT))
+
+prefix ?= $(HOME)
+bindir ?= $(prefix)/bin
+htmldir ?= $(prefix)/share/doc/git-doc
+infodir ?= $(prefix)/share/info
+pdfdir ?= $(prefix)/share/doc/git-doc
+mandir ?= $(prefix)/share/man
+man1dir = $(mandir)/man1
+man5dir = $(mandir)/man5
+man7dir = $(mandir)/man7
+# DESTDIR =
+
+ASCIIDOC = asciidoc
ASCIIDOC_EXTRA =
+ASCIIDOC_HTML = xhtml11
+ASCIIDOC_DOCBOOK = docbook
+ASCIIDOC_CONF = -f asciidoc.conf
+ASCIIDOC_COMMON = $(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) $(ASCIIDOC_CONF) \
+ -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION)
+TXT_TO_HTML = $(ASCIIDOC_COMMON) -b $(ASCIIDOC_HTML)
+TXT_TO_XML = $(ASCIIDOC_COMMON) -b $(ASCIIDOC_DOCBOOK)
MANPAGE_XSL = manpage-normal.xsl
+XMLTO = xmlto
XMLTO_EXTRA =
-INSTALL?=install
+INSTALL ?= install
RM ?= rm -f
MAN_REPO = ../../git-manpages
HTML_REPO = ../../git-htmldocs
-infodir?=$(prefix)/share/info
-MAKEINFO=makeinfo
-INSTALL_INFO=install-info
-DOCBOOK2X_TEXI=docbook2x-texi
-DBLATEX=dblatex
+MAKEINFO = makeinfo
+INSTALL_INFO = install-info
+DOCBOOK2X_TEXI = docbook2x-texi
+DBLATEX = dblatex
+ASCIIDOC_DBLATEX_DIR = /etc/asciidoc/dblatex
ifndef PERL_PATH
PERL_PATH = /usr/bin/perl
endif
@@ -155,8 +216,6 @@ all: html man
html: $(DOC_HTML)
-$(DOC_HTML) $(DOC_MAN1) $(DOC_MAN5) $(DOC_MAN7): asciidoc.conf
-
man: man1 man5 man7
man1: $(DOC_MAN1)
man5: $(DOC_MAN5)
@@ -201,7 +260,11 @@ install-html: html
#
# Determine "include::" file references in asciidoc files.
#
-doc.dep : $(wildcard *.txt) build-docdep.perl
+docdep_prereqs = \
+ mergetools-list.made $(mergetools_txt) \
+ cmd-list.made $(cmds_txt)
+
+doc.dep : $(docdep_prereqs) $(wildcard *.txt) build-docdep.perl
$(QUIET_GEN)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
$(PERL_PATH) ./build-docdep.perl >$@+ $(QUIET_STDERR) && \
mv $@+ $@
@@ -225,19 +288,37 @@ cmd-list.made: cmd-list.perl ../command-list.txt $(MAN1_TXT)
$(PERL_PATH) ./cmd-list.perl ../command-list.txt $(QUIET_STDERR) && \
date >$@
+mergetools_txt = mergetools-diff.txt mergetools-merge.txt
+
+$(mergetools_txt): mergetools-list.made
+
+mergetools-list.made: ../git-mergetool--lib.sh $(wildcard ../mergetools/*)
+ $(QUIET_GEN)$(RM) $@ && \
+ $(SHELL_PATH) -c 'MERGE_TOOLS_DIR=../mergetools && \
+ . ../git-mergetool--lib.sh && \
+ show_tool_names can_diff "* " || :' >mergetools-diff.txt && \
+ $(SHELL_PATH) -c 'MERGE_TOOLS_DIR=../mergetools && \
+ . ../git-mergetool--lib.sh && \
+ show_tool_names can_merge "* " || :' >mergetools-merge.txt && \
+ date >$@
+
clean:
$(RM) *.xml *.xml+ *.html *.html+ *.1 *.5 *.7
$(RM) *.texi *.texi+ *.texi++ git.info gitman.info
$(RM) *.pdf
$(RM) howto-index.txt howto/*.html doc.dep
- $(RM) technical/api-*.html technical/api-index.txt
- $(RM) $(cmds_txt) *.made
+ $(RM) technical/*.html technical/api-index.txt
+ $(RM) $(cmds_txt) $(mergetools_txt) *.made
$(RM) manpage-base-url.xsl
-$(MAN_HTML): %.html : %.txt
+$(MAN_HTML): %.html : %.txt asciidoc.conf
+ $(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
+ $(TXT_TO_HTML) -d manpage -o $@+ $< && \
+ mv $@+ $@
+
+$(OBSOLETE_HTML): %.html : %.txto asciidoc.conf
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- $(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -d manpage -f asciidoc.conf \
- $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) -o $@+ $< && \
+ $(TXT_TO_HTML) -o $@+ $< && \
mv $@+ $@
manpage-base-url.xsl: manpage-base-url.xsl.in
@@ -245,17 +326,16 @@ manpage-base-url.xsl: manpage-base-url.xsl.in
%.1 %.5 %.7 : %.xml manpage-base-url.xsl
$(QUIET_XMLTO)$(RM) $@ && \
- xmlto -m $(MANPAGE_XSL) $(XMLTO_EXTRA) man $<
+ $(XMLTO) -m $(MANPAGE_XSL) $(XMLTO_EXTRA) man $<
-%.xml : %.txt
+%.xml : %.txt asciidoc.conf
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- $(ASCIIDOC) -b docbook -d manpage -f asciidoc.conf \
- $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) -o $@+ $< && \
+ $(TXT_TO_XML) -d manpage -o $@+ $< && \
mv $@+ $@
user-manual.xml: user-manual.txt user-manual.conf
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- $(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -b docbook -d book -o $@+ $< && \
+ $(TXT_TO_XML) -d article -o $@+ $< && \
mv $@+ $@
technical/api-index.txt: technical/api-index-skel.txt \
@@ -263,9 +343,8 @@ technical/api-index.txt: technical/api-index-skel.txt \
$(QUIET_GEN)cd technical && '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./api-index.sh
technical/%.html: ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-relative-html-prefix=../
-$(patsubst %,%.html,$(API_DOCS) technical/api-index): %.html : %.txt
- $(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(ASCIIDOC) -b xhtml11 -f asciidoc.conf \
- $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -agit_version=$(GIT_VERSION) $*.txt
+$(patsubst %,%.html,$(API_DOCS) technical/api-index $(TECH_DOCS)): %.html : %.txt asciidoc.conf
+ $(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(TXT_TO_HTML) $*.txt
XSLT = docbook.xsl
XSLTOPTS = --xinclude --stringparam html.stylesheet docbook-xsl.css
@@ -287,7 +366,7 @@ user-manual.texi: user-manual.xml
user-manual.pdf: user-manual.xml
$(QUIET_DBLATEX)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- $(DBLATEX) -o $@+ -p /etc/asciidoc/dblatex/asciidoc-dblatex.xsl -s /etc/asciidoc/dblatex/asciidoc-dblatex.sty $< && \
+ $(DBLATEX) -o $@+ -p $(ASCIIDOC_DBLATEX_DIR)/asciidoc-dblatex.xsl -s $(ASCIIDOC_DBLATEX_DIR)/asciidoc-dblatex.sty $< && \
mv $@+ $@
gitman.texi: $(MAN_XML) cat-texi.perl
@@ -308,25 +387,26 @@ $(patsubst %.txt,%.texi,$(MAN_TXT)): %.texi : %.xml
howto-index.txt: howto-index.sh $(wildcard howto/*.txt)
$(QUIET_GEN)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./howto-index.sh $(wildcard howto/*.txt) >$@+ && \
+ '$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./howto-index.sh $(sort $(wildcard howto/*.txt)) >$@+ && \
mv $@+ $@
$(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES)) : %.html : %.txt
- $(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -b xhtml11 $*.txt
+ $(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(TXT_TO_HTML) $*.txt
WEBDOC_DEST = /pub/software/scm/git/docs
howto/%.html: ASCIIDOC_EXTRA += -a git-relative-html-prefix=../
$(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(wildcard howto/*.txt)): %.html : %.txt
$(QUIET_ASCIIDOC)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
- sed -e '1,/^$$/d' $< | $(ASCIIDOC) $(ASCIIDOC_EXTRA) -b xhtml11 - >$@+ && \
+ sed -e '1,/^$$/d' $< | \
+ $(TXT_TO_HTML) - >$@+ && \
mv $@+ $@
install-webdoc : html
'$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./install-webdoc.sh $(WEBDOC_DEST)
-# You must have a clone of git-htmldocs and git-manpages repositories
-# next to the git repository itself for the following to work.
+# You must have a clone of 'git-htmldocs' and 'git-manpages' repositories
+# next to the 'git' repository itself for the following to work.
quick-install: quick-install-man
@@ -344,4 +424,7 @@ require-htmlrepo::
quick-install-html: require-htmlrepo
'$(SHELL_PATH_SQ)' ./install-doc-quick.sh $(HTML_REPO) $(DESTDIR)$(htmldir)
+print-man1:
+ @for i in $(MAN1_TXT); do echo $$i; done
+
.PHONY: FORCE
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt
index ebf20e2..d41984d 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.5.2.1.txt
@@ -45,9 +45,3 @@ Fixes since v1.5.2
- git-fastimport --import-marks was broken; fixed.
- A lot of documentation updates, clarifications and fixes.
-
---
-exec >/var/tmp/1
-O=v1.5.2-65-g996e2d6
-echo O=`git describe refs/heads/maint`
-git shortlog --no-merges $O..refs/heads/maint
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt
index e1e24b3..7d8fb85 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.0.2.txt
@@ -79,9 +79,3 @@ Fixes since v1.6.0.1
packfile.
Also contains many documentation updates.
-
---
-exec >/var/tmp/1
-O=v1.6.0.1-78-g3632cfc
-echo O=$(git describe maint)
-git shortlog --no-merges $O..maint
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt
index 6f0bde1..cd08d81 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.3.txt
@@ -26,7 +26,3 @@ Fixes since v1.6.1.2
* RPM binary package installed the html manpages in a wrong place.
Also includes minor documentation fixes and updates.
-
-
---
-git shortlog --no-merges v1.6.1.2-33-gc789350..
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt
index 0ce6316..ccbad79 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.4.txt
@@ -39,6 +39,3 @@ Fixes since v1.6.1.3
This fix was first merged to 1.6.2.3.
Also includes minor documentation fixes and updates.
-
---
-git shortlog --no-merges v1.6.1.3..
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt
index adb7cca..7b152a6 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.6.1.txt
@@ -278,9 +278,3 @@ release, unless otherwise noted.
* "gitweb" did not mark non-ASCII characters imported from external HTML fragments
correctly.
-
---
-exec >/var/tmp/1
-O=v1.6.1-rc3-74-gf66bc5f
-echo O=$(git describe master)
-git shortlog --no-merges $O..master ^maint
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt
index 806a965..be68524 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.10.1.txt
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ Fixes since v1.7.10
not exclude them and tried to apply funny patches only to fail.
* "git blame" started missing quite a few changes from the origin
- since we stopped using the diff minimalization by default in v1.7.2
+ since we stopped using the diff minimization by default in v1.7.2
era.
* When PATH contains an unreadable directory, alias expansion code
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.2.txt
index a0d24d1..f0cfd02 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.2.txt
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ Fixes since v1.7.11.1
* "git diff --no-index" did not work with pagers correctly.
* "git diff COPYING HEAD:COPYING" gave a nonsense error message that
- claimed that the treeish HEAD did not have COPYING in it.
+ claimed that the tree-ish HEAD did not have COPYING in it.
* When "git log" gets "--simplify-merges/by-decoration" together with
"--first-parent", the combination of these options makes the
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ba7d3c3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,84 @@
+Git v1.7.11.6 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.11.5
+---------------------
+
+ * "ciabot" script (in contrib/) has been updated with extensive
+ documentation.
+
+ * "git foo" errored out with "Not a directory" when the user had a
+ non-directory on $PATH, and worse yet it masked an alias "foo" from
+ running.
+
+ * When the user exports a non-default IFS without HT, scripts that
+ rely on being able to parse "ls-files -s | while read a b c..."
+ started to fail. Protect them from such a misconfiguration.
+
+ * When the user gives an argument that can be taken as both a
+ revision name and a pathname without disambiguating with "--", we
+ used to give a help message "Use '--' to separate". The message
+ has been clarified to show where that '--' goes on the command
+ line.
+
+ * Documentation for the configuration file format had a confusing
+ example.
+
+ * Older parts of the documentation described as if having a regular
+ file in .git/refs/ hierarchy were the only way to have branches and
+ tags, which is not true for quite some time.
+
+ * It was generally understood that "--long-option"s to many of our
+ subcommands can be abbreviated to the unique prefix, but it was not
+ easy to find it described for new readers of the documentation set.
+
+ * The "--topo-order", "--date-order" (and the lack of either means
+ the default order) options to "rev-list" and "log" family of
+ commands were poorly described in the documentation.
+
+ * "git commit --amend" let the user edit the log message and then
+ died when the human-readable committer name was given
+ insufficiently by getpwent(3).
+
+ * The exit status code from "git config" was way overspecified while
+ being incorrect. The implementation has been updated to give the
+ documented status for a case that was documented, and introduce a
+ new code for "all other errors".
+
+ * The output from "git diff -B" for a file that ends with an
+ incomplete line did not put "\ No newline..." on a line of its own.
+
+ * "git diff" had a confusion between taking data from a path in the
+ working tree and taking data from an object that happens to have
+ name 0{40} recorded in a tree.
+
+ * The "--rebase" option to "git pull" can be abbreviated to "-r",
+ but we didn't document it.
+
+ * When "git push" triggered the automatic gc on the receiving end, a
+ message from "git prune" that said it was removing cruft leaked to
+ the standard output, breaking the communication protocol.
+
+ * The reflog entries left by "git rebase" and "git rebase -i" were
+ inconsistent (the interactive one gave an abbreviated object name).
+
+ * "git send-email" did not unquote encoded words that appear on the
+ header correctly, and lost "_" from strings.
+
+ * "git stash apply/pop" did not trigger "rerere" upon conflicts
+ unlike other mergy operations.
+
+ * "git submodule <cmd> path" did not error out when the path to the
+ submodule was misspelt.
+
+ * "git submodule update -f" did not update paths in the working tree
+ that has local changes.
+ (merge 01d4721 sz/submodule-force-update later to maint).
+
+ * "gitweb" when used with PATH_INFO failed to notice directories with
+ SP (and other characters that need URL-style quoting) in them.
+
+ * Fallback 'getpass' implementation made unportable use of stdio API.
+
+ * A utility shell function test_seq has been added as a replacement
+ for the 'seq' utility found on some platforms.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.7.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.7.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e7e79d9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.11.7.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,46 @@
+Git v1.7.11.7 Release Notes
+===========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.11.6
+---------------------
+
+ * The synopsis said "checkout [-B branch]" to make it clear the
+ branch name is a parameter to the option, but the heading for the
+ option description was "-B::", not "-B branch::", making the
+ documentation misleading.
+
+ * Git ships with a fall-back regexp implementation for platforms with
+ buggy regexp library, but it was easy for people to keep using their
+ platform regexp. A new test has been added to check this.
+
+ * "git apply -p0" did not parse pathnames on "diff --git" line
+ correctly. This caused patches that had pathnames in no other
+ places to be mistakenly rejected (most notably, binary patch that
+ does not rename nor change mode). Textual patches, renames or mode
+ changes have preimage and postimage pathnames in different places
+ in a form that can be parsed unambiguously and did not suffer from
+ this problem.
+
+ * After "gitk" showed the contents of a tag, neither "Reread
+ references" nor "Reload" did not update what is shown as the
+ contents of it, when the user overwrote the tag with "git tag -f".
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" did not currectly support more than one --sort
+ option.
+
+ * "git log .." errored out saying it is both rev range and a path
+ when there is no disambiguating "--" is on the command line.
+ Update the command line parser to interpret ".." as a path in such
+ a case.
+
+ * Pushing to smart HTTP server with recent Git fails without having
+ the username in the URL to force authentication, if the server is
+ configured to allow GET anonymously, while requiring authentication
+ for POST.
+
+ * "git show --format='%ci'" did not give timestamp correctly for
+ commits created without human readable name on "committer" line.
+ (merge e27ddb6 jc/maint-ident-missing-human-name later to maint).
+
+ * "git show --quiet" ought to be a synonym for "git show -s", but
+ wasn't.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b8f04af
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,134 @@
+Git 1.7.12.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12
+-------------------
+
+ * "git apply -p0" did not parse pathnames on "diff --git" line
+ correctly. This caused patches that had pathnames in no other
+ places to be mistakenly rejected (most notably, binary patch that
+ does not rename nor change mode). Textual patches, renames or mode
+ changes have preimage and postimage pathnames in different places
+ in a form that can be parsed unambiguously and did not suffer from
+ this problem.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick A C B" used to replay changes in A and then B and
+ then C if these three commits had committer timestamps in that
+ order, which is not what the user who said "A C B" naturally
+ expects.
+
+ * "git commit --amend" let the user edit the log message and then
+ died when the human-readable committer name was given
+ insufficiently by getpwent(3).
+
+ * Some capabilities were asked by fetch-pack even when upload-pack
+ did not advertise that they are available. fetch-pack has been
+ fixed not to do so.
+
+ * "git diff" had a confusion between taking data from a path in the
+ working tree and taking data from an object that happens to have
+ name 0{40} recorded in a tree.
+
+ * "git for-each-ref" did not correctly support more than one --sort
+ option.
+
+ * "git log .." errored out saying it is both rev range and a path
+ when there is no disambiguating "--" is on the command line.
+ Update the command line parser to interpret ".." as a path in such
+ a case.
+
+ * The "--topo-order", "--date-order" (and the lack of either means
+ the default order) options to "rev-list" and "log" family of
+ commands were poorly described in the documentation.
+
+ * "git prune" without "-v" used to warn about leftover temporary
+ files (which is an indication of an earlier aborted operation).
+
+ * Pushing to smart HTTP server with recent Git fails without having
+ the username in the URL to force authentication, if the server is
+ configured to allow GET anonymously, while requiring authentication
+ for POST.
+
+ * The reflog entries left by "git rebase" and "git rebase -i" were
+ inconsistent (the interactive one gave an abbreviated object name).
+
+ * When "git push" triggered the automatic gc on the receiving end, a
+ message from "git prune" that said it was removing cruft leaked to
+ the standard output, breaking the communication protocol.
+
+ * "git show --quiet" ought to be a synonym for "git show -s", but
+ wasn't.
+
+ * "git show --format='%ci'" did not give timestamp correctly for
+ commits created without human readable name on "committer" line.
+
+ * "git send-email" did not unquote encoded words that appear on the
+ header correctly, and lost "_" from strings.
+
+ * The interactive prompt "git send-email" gives was error prone. It
+ asked "What e-mail address do you want to use?" with the address it
+ guessed (correctly) the user would want to use in its prompt,
+ tempting the user to say "y". But the response was taken as "No,
+ please use 'y' as the e-mail address instead", which is most
+ certainly not what the user meant.
+
+ * "gitweb" when used with PATH_INFO failed to notice directories with
+ SP (and other characters that need URL-style quoting) in them.
+
+ * When the user gives an argument that can be taken as both a
+ revision name and a pathname without disambiguating with "--", we
+ used to give a help message "Use '--' to separate". The message
+ has been clarified to show where that '--' goes on the command
+ line.
+
+ * When the user exports a non-default IFS without HT, scripts that
+ rely on being able to parse "ls-files -s | while read a b c..."
+ started to fail. Protect them from such a misconfiguration.
+
+ * The attribute system may be asked for a path that itself or its
+ leading directories no longer exists in the working tree, and it is
+ fine if we cannot open .gitattribute file in such a case. Failure
+ to open per-directory .gitattributes with error status other than
+ ENOENT and ENOTDIR should be diagnosed, but it wasn't.
+
+ * After "gitk" showed the contents of a tag, neither "Reread
+ references" nor "Reload" did not update what is shown as the
+ contents of it, when the user overwrote the tag with "git tag -f".
+
+ * "ciabot" script (in contrib/) has been updated with extensive
+ documentation.
+
+ * "git-jump" script (in contrib/) did not work well when
+ diff.noprefix or diff.mnemonicprefix is in effect.
+
+ * Older parts of the documentation described as if having a regular
+ file in .git/refs/ hierarchy were the only way to have branches and
+ tags, which is not true for quite some time.
+
+ * A utility shell function test_seq has been added as a replacement
+ for the 'seq' utility found on some platforms.
+
+ * Compatibility wrapper to learn the maximum number of file
+ descriptors we can open around sysconf(_SC_OPEN_MAX) and
+ getrlimit(RLIMIT_NO_FILE) has been introduced for portability.
+
+ * We used curl_easy_strerror() without checking version of cURL,
+ breaking the build for versions before curl 7.12.0.
+
+ * Code to work around MacOS X UTF-8 gotcha has been cleaned up.
+
+ * Fallback 'getpass' implementation made unportable use of stdio API.
+
+ * The "--rebase" option to "git pull" can be abbreviated to "-r",
+ but we didn't document it.
+
+ * It was generally understood that "--long-option"s to many of our
+ subcommands can be abbreviated to the unique prefix, but it was not
+ easy to find it described for new readers of the documentation set.
+
+ * The synopsis said "checkout [-B branch]" to make it clear the
+ branch name is a parameter to the option, but the heading for the
+ option description was "-B::", not "-B branch::", making the
+ documentation misleading.
+
+Also contains numerous documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6925574
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+Git 1.7.12.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12.1
+---------------------
+
+ * When "git am" is fed an input that has multiple "Content-type: ..."
+ header, it did not grok charset= attribute correctly.
+
+ * Even during a conflicted merge, "git blame $path" always meant to
+ blame uncommitted changes to the "working tree" version; make it
+ more useful by showing cleanly merged parts as coming from the other
+ branch that is being merged.
+
+ * "git blame MAKEFILE" run in a history that has "Makefile" but not
+ "MAKEFILE" should say "No such file MAKEFILE in HEAD", but got
+ confused on a case insensitive filesystem and failed to do so.
+
+ * "git fetch --all", when passed "--no-tags", did not honor the
+ "--no-tags" option while fetching from individual remotes (the same
+ issue existed with "--tags", but combination "--all --tags" makes
+ much less sense than "--all --no-tags").
+
+ * "git log/diff/format-patch --stat" showed the "N line(s) added"
+ comment in user's locale and caused careless submitters to send
+ patches with such a line in them to projects whose project language
+ is not their language, mildly irritating others. Localization to
+ the line has been disabled for now.
+
+ * "git log --all-match --grep=A --grep=B" ought to show commits that
+ mention both A and B, but when these three options are used with
+ --author or --committer, it showed commits that mention either A or
+ B (or both) instead.
+
+ * The subcommand to remove the definition of a remote in "git remote"
+ was named "rm" even though all other subcommands were spelled out.
+ Introduce "git remote remove" to remove confusion, and keep "rm" as
+ a backward compatible synonym.
+
+Also contains a handful of documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ecda427
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git 1.7.12.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12.2
+---------------------
+
+ * "git am" mishandled a patch attached as application/octet-stream
+ (e.g. not text/*); Content-Transfer-Encoding (e.g. base64) was not
+ honored correctly.
+
+ * It was unclear in the documentation for "git blame" that it is
+ unnecessary for users to use the "--follow" option.
+
+ * A repository created with "git clone --single" had its fetch
+ refspecs set up just like a clone without "--single", leading the
+ subsequent "git fetch" to slurp all the other branches, defeating
+ the whole point of specifying "only this branch".
+
+ * "git fetch" over http had an old workaround for an unlikely server
+ misconfiguration; it turns out that this hurts debuggability of the
+ configuration in general, and has been reverted.
+
+ * "git fetch" over http advertised that it supports "deflate", which
+ is much less common, and did not advertise the more common "gzip" on
+ its Accept-Encoding header.
+
+ * "git receive-pack" (the counterpart to "git push") did not give
+ progress output while processing objects it received to the puser
+ when run over the smart-http protocol.
+
+ * "git status" honored the ignore=dirty settings in .gitmodules but
+ "git commit" didn't.
+
+Also contains a handful of documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c6da3cc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.12.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+Git 1.7.12.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12.3
+---------------------
+
+ * "git fetch" over the dumb-http revision walker could segfault when
+ curl's multi interface was used.
+
+ * It was possible to give specific paths for "asciidoc" and other
+ tools in the documentation toolchain, but not for "xmlto".
+
+ * "gitweb" did not give the correct committer timezone in its feed
+ output due to a typo.
+
+ * The "-Xours" (and similarly -Xtheirs) backend option to "git
+ merge -s recursive" was ignored for binary files. Now it is
+ honored.
+
+ * The "binary" synthetic attribute made "diff" to treat the path as
+ binary, but not "merge".
+
+Also contains many documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt
index cf3f455..7796df3 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.5.4.txt
@@ -5,7 +5,7 @@ Fixes since v1.7.5.3
--------------------
* The single-key mode of "git add -p" was easily fooled into thinking
- that it was told to add everthing ('a') when up-arrow was pressed by
+ that it was told to add everything ('a') when up-arrow was pressed by
mistake.
* Setting a git command that uses custom configuration via "-c var=val"
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt
index e74f4ef..b9c66aa 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.2.txt
@@ -12,11 +12,11 @@ Fixes since v1.7.8.1
* The configuration file parser used for sizes (e.g. bigFileThreshold)
did not correctly interpret 'g' suffix.
- * The replacement implemention for snprintf used on platforms with
+ * The replacement implementation for snprintf used on platforms with
native snprintf that is broken did not use va_copy correctly.
* LF-to-CRLF streaming filter replaced all LF with CRLF, which might
- be techinically correct but not friendly to people who are trying
+ be technically correct but not friendly to people who are trying
to recover from earlier mistakes of using CRLF in the repository
data in the first place. It now refrains from doing so for LF that
follows a CR.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt
index b4d90bb..2493113 100644
--- a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.7.8.txt
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ Updates since v1.7.7
* Updates to bash completion scripts.
* The build procedure has been taught to take advantage of computed
- dependency automatically when the complier supports it.
+ dependency automatically when the compiler supports it.
* The date parser now accepts timezone designators that lack minutes
part and also has a colon between "hh:mm".
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ Updates since v1.7.7
* Variants of "git cherry-pick" and "git revert" that take multiple
commits learned to "--continue" and "--abort".
- * "git daemon" gives more human readble error messages to clients
+ * "git daemon" gives more human readable error messages to clients
using ERR packets when appropriate.
* Errors at the network layer is logged by "git daemon".
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1f372fa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
+Git v1.8.0.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0
+------------------
+
+ * The configuration parser had an unnecessary hardcoded limit on
+ variable names that was not checked consistently.
+
+ * The "say" function in the test scaffolding incorrectly allowed
+ "echo" to interpret "\a" as if it were a C-string asking for a
+ BEL output.
+
+ * "git mergetool" feeds /dev/null as a common ancestor when dealing
+ with an add/add conflict, but p4merge backend cannot handle
+ it. Work it around by passing a temporary empty file.
+
+ * "git log -F -E --grep='<ere>'" failed to use the given <ere>
+ pattern as extended regular expression, and instead looked for the
+ string literally.
+
+ * "git grep -e pattern <tree>" asked the attribute system to read
+ "<tree>:.gitattributes" file in the working tree, which was
+ nonsense.
+
+ * A symbolic ref refs/heads/SYM was not correctly removed with "git
+ branch -d SYM"; the command removed the ref pointed by SYM
+ instead.
+
+ * Earlier we fixed documentation to hyphenate "remote-tracking branch"
+ to clarify that these are not a remote entity, but unhyphenated
+ spelling snuck in to a few places since then.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" run while the HEAD is detached tried to find
+ the upstream branch of the detached HEAD (which by definition
+ does not exist) and emitted unnecessary error messages.
+
+ * The refs/replace hierarchy was not mentioned in the
+ repository-layout docs.
+
+ * Sometimes curl_multi_timeout() function suggested a wrong timeout
+ value when there is no file descriptors to wait on and the http
+ transport ended up sleeping for minutes in select(2) system call.
+ A workaround has been added for this.
+
+ * Various rfc2047 quoting issues around a non-ASCII name on the
+ From: line in the output from format-patch have been corrected.
+
+ * "git diff -G<pattern>" did not honor textconv filter when looking
+ for changes.
+
+ * Bash completion script (in contrib/) did not correctly complete a
+ lazy "git checkout $name_of_remote_tracking_branch_that_is_unique"
+ command line.
+
+ * RSS feed from "gitweb" had a xss hole in its title output.
+
+ * "git config --path $key" segfaulted on "[section] key" (a boolean
+ "true" spelled without "=", not "[section] key = true").
+
+ * "git checkout -b foo" while on an unborn branch did not say
+ "Switched to a new branch 'foo'" like other cases.
+
+Also contains other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8497e05
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+Git v1.8.0.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0.1
+--------------------
+
+ * Various codepaths have workaround for a common misconfiguration to
+ spell "UTF-8" as "utf8", but it was not used uniformly. Most
+ notably, mailinfo (which is used by "git am") lacked this support.
+
+ * We failed to mention a file without any content change but whose
+ permission bit was modified, or (worse yet) a new file without any
+ content in the "git diff --stat" output.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for binary contents, the total
+ number of added and removed lines at the bottom was computed
+ incorrectly.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for unmerged paths, the total
+ number of affected files at the bottom of the "diff --stat" output
+ was computed incorrectly.
+
+ * "diff --shortstat" miscounted the total number of affected files
+ when there were unmerged paths.
+
+ * "git p4" used to try expanding malformed "$keyword$" that spans
+ across multiple lines.
+
+ * "git update-ref -d --deref SYM" to delete a ref through a symbolic
+ ref that points to it did not remove it correctly.
+
+ * Syntax highlighting in "gitweb" was not quite working.
+
+Also contains other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..92b1e4b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+Git v1.8.0.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0.2
+--------------------
+
+ * "git log -p -S<string>" did not apply the textconv filter while
+ looking for the <string>.
+
+ * In the documentation, some invalid example e-mail addresses were
+ formatted into mailto: links.
+
+Also contains many documentation updates backported from the 'master'
+branch that is preparing for the upcoming 1.8.1 release.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..43883c1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,267 @@
+Git v1.8.0 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes
+----------------------------
+
+In the next major release (not *this* one), we will change the
+behavior of the "git push" command.
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). We will use the "simple" semantics that pushes the
+current branch to the branch with the same name, only when the current
+branch is set to integrate with that remote branch. There is a user
+preference configuration variable "push.default" to change this, and
+"git push" will warn about the upcoming change until you set this
+variable in this release.
+
+"git branch --set-upstream" is deprecated and may be removed in a
+relatively distant future. "git branch [-u|--set-upstream-to]" has
+been introduced with a saner order of arguments.
+
+
+Updates since v1.7.12
+---------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * A credential helper for Win32 to allow access to the keychain of
+ the logged-in user has been added.
+
+ * An initial port to HP NonStop.
+
+ * A credential helper to allow access to the Gnome keyring has been
+ added.
+
+ * When "git am" sanitizes the "Subject:" line, we strip the prefix from
+ "Re: subject" and also from a less common "re: subject", but left
+ the even less common "RE: subject" intact. Now we strip that too.
+
+ * It was tempting to say "git branch --set-upstream origin/master",
+ but that tells Git to arrange the local branch "origin/master" to
+ integrate with the currently checked out branch, which is highly
+ unlikely what the user meant. The option is deprecated; use the
+ new "--set-upstream-to" (with a short-and-sweet "-u") option
+ instead.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" learned the "--allow-empty-message" option to
+ allow it to replay a commit without any log message.
+
+ * After "git cherry-pick -s" gave control back to the user asking
+ help to resolve conflicts, concluding "git commit" used to need to
+ be run with "-s" if the user wants to sign it off; now the command
+ leaves the sign-off line in the log template.
+
+ * "git daemon" learned the "--access-hook" option to allow an
+ external command to decline service based on the client address,
+ repository path, etc.
+
+ * "git difftool --dir-diff" learned to use symbolic links to prepare
+ a temporary copy of the working tree when available.
+
+ * "git grep" learned to use a non-standard pattern type by default if
+ a configuration variable tells it to.
+
+ * Accumulated updates to "git gui" has been merged.
+
+ * "git log -g" learned the "--grep-reflog=<pattern>" option to limit
+ its output to commits with a reflog message that matches the given
+ pattern.
+
+ * "git merge-base" learned the "--is-ancestor A B" option to tell if A is
+ an ancestor of B. The result is indicated by its exit status code.
+
+ * "git mergetool" now allows users to override the actual command used
+ with the mergetool.$name.cmd configuration variable even for built-in
+ mergetool backends.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" learned the "--edit-todo" option to open an editor
+ to edit the instruction sheet.
+
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * "git svn" has been updated to work with SVN 1.7.
+
+ * "git p4" learned the "--conflicts" option to specify what to do when
+ encountering a conflict during "p4 submit".
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * Git ships with a fall-back regexp implementation for platforms with
+ buggy regexp library, but it was easy for people to keep using their
+ platform regexp by mistake. A new test has been added to check this.
+
+ * The "check-docs" build target has been updated and greatly
+ simplified.
+
+ * The test suite is run under MALLOC_CHECK_ when running with a glibc
+ that supports the feature.
+
+ * The documentation in the TeXinfo format was using indented output
+ for materials meant to be examples that are better typeset in
+ monospace.
+
+ * Compatibility wrapper around some mkdir(2) implementations that
+ reject parameters with trailing slash has been introduced.
+
+ * Compatibility wrapper for systems that lack usable setitimer() has
+ been added.
+
+ * The option parsing of "git checkout" had error checking, dwim and
+ defaulting missing options, all mixed in the code, and issuing an
+ appropriate error message with useful context was getting harder.
+ The code has been reorganized to allow giving a proper diagnosis
+ when the user says "git checkout -b -t foo bar" (e.g. "-t" is not a
+ good name for a branch).
+
+ * Many internal uses of a "git merge-base" equivalent were only to see
+ if one commit fast-forwards to the other, which did not need the
+ full set of merge bases to be computed. They have been updated to
+ use less expensive checks.
+
+ * The heuristics to detect and silently convert latin1 to utf8 when
+ we were told to use utf-8 in the log message has been transplanted
+ from "mailinfo" to "commit" and "commit-tree".
+
+ * Messages given by "git <subcommand> -h" from many subcommands have
+ been marked for translation.
+
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.7.12
+-------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.7.12 in the
+maintenance track are contained in this release (see release notes
+to them for details).
+
+ * The attribute system may be asked for a path that itself or its
+ leading directories no longer exists in the working tree, and it is
+ fine if we cannot open .gitattribute file in such a case. Failure
+ to open per-directory .gitattributes with error status other than
+ ENOENT and ENOTDIR should be diagnosed, but it wasn't.
+
+ * When looking for $HOME/.gitconfig etc., it is OK if we cannot read
+ them because they do not exist, but we did not diagnose existing
+ files that we cannot read.
+
+ * When "git am" is fed an input that has multiple "Content-type: ..."
+ header, it did not grok charset= attribute correctly.
+
+ * "git am" mishandled a patch attached as application/octet-stream
+ (e.g. not text/*); Content-Transfer-Encoding (e.g. base64) was not
+ honored correctly.
+
+ * "git blame MAKEFILE" run in a history that has "Makefile" but not
+ "MAKEFILE" should say "No such file MAKEFILE in HEAD", but got
+ confused on a case insensitive filesystem and failed to do so.
+
+ * Even during a conflicted merge, "git blame $path" always meant to
+ blame uncommitted changes to the "working tree" version; make it
+ more useful by showing cleanly merged parts as coming from the other
+ branch that is being merged.
+
+ * It was unclear in the documentation for "git blame" that it is
+ unnecessary for users to use the "--follow" option.
+
+ * Output from "git branch -v" contains "(no branch)" that could be
+ localized, but the code to align it along with the names of
+ branches was counting in bytes, not in display columns.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick A C B" used to replay changes in A and then B and
+ then C if these three commits had committer timestamps in that
+ order, which is not what the user who said "A C B" naturally
+ expects.
+
+ * A repository created with "git clone --single" had its fetch
+ refspecs set up just like a clone without "--single", leading the
+ subsequent "git fetch" to slurp all the other branches, defeating
+ the whole point of specifying "only this branch".
+
+ * Documentation talked about "first line of commit log" when it meant
+ the title of the commit. The description was clarified by defining
+ how the title is decided and rewording the casual mention of "first
+ line" to "title".
+
+ * "git cvsimport" did not thoroughly cleanse tag names that it
+ inferred from the names of the tags it obtained from CVS, which
+ caused "git tag" to barf and stop the import in the middle.
+
+ * Earlier we made the diffstat summary line that shows the number of
+ lines added/deleted localizable, but it was found irritating having
+ to see them in various languages on a list whose discussion language
+ is English, and this change has been reverted.
+
+ * "git fetch --all", when passed "--no-tags", did not honor the
+ "--no-tags" option while fetching from individual remotes (the same
+ issue existed with "--tags", but the combination "--all --tags" makes
+ much less sense than "--all --no-tags").
+
+ * "git fetch" over http had an old workaround for an unlikely server
+ misconfiguration; it turns out that this hurts debuggability of the
+ configuration in general, and has been reverted.
+
+ * "git fetch" over http advertised that it supports "deflate", which
+ is much less common, and did not advertise the more common "gzip" on
+ its Accept-Encoding header.
+
+ * "git fetch" over the dumb-http revision walker could segfault when
+ curl's multi interface was used.
+
+ * "git gc --auto" notified the user that auto-packing has triggered
+ even under the "--quiet" option.
+
+ * After "gitk" showed the contents of a tag, neither "Reread
+ references" nor "Reload" updated what is shown as the
+ contents of it when the user overwrote the tag with "git tag -f".
+
+ * "git log --all-match --grep=A --grep=B" ought to show commits that
+ mention both A and B, but when these three options are used with
+ --author or --committer, it showed commits that mention either A or
+ B (or both) instead.
+
+ * The "-Xours" backend option to "git merge -s recursive" was ignored
+ for binary files.
+
+ * "git p4", when "--use-client-spec" and "--detect-branches" are used
+ together, misdetected branches.
+
+ * "git receive-pack" (the counterpart to "git push") did not give
+ progress output while processing objects it received to the puser
+ when run over the smart-http protocol.
+
+ * When you misspell the command name you give to the "exec" action in
+ the "git rebase -i" instruction sheet you were told that 'rebase' is not a
+ git subcommand from "git rebase --continue".
+
+ * The subcommand in "git remote" to remove a defined remote was
+ "rm" and the command did not take a fully-spelled "remove".
+
+ * The interactive prompt that "git send-email" gives was error prone. It
+ asked "What e-mail address do you want to use?" with the address it
+ guessed (correctly) the user would want to use in its prompt,
+ tempting the user to say "y". But the response was taken as "No,
+ please use 'y' as the e-mail address instead", which is most
+ certainly not what the user meant.
+
+ * "git show --format='%ci'" did not give the timestamp correctly for
+ commits created without human readable name on the "committer" line.
+
+ * "git show --quiet" ought to be a synonym for "git show -s", but
+ wasn't.
+
+ * "git submodule frotz" was not diagnosed as "frotz" being an unknown
+ subcommand to "git submodule"; the user instead got a complaint
+ that "git submodule status" was run with an unknown path "frotz".
+
+ * "git status" honored the ignore=dirty settings in .gitmodules but
+ "git commit" didn't.
+
+ * "gitweb" did not give the correct committer timezone in its feed
+ output due to a typo.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6cde07b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,87 @@
+Git 1.8.1.1 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1
+------------------
+
+ * The attribute mechanism didn't allow limiting attributes to be
+ applied to only a single directory itself with "path/" like the
+ exclude mechanism does.
+
+ * When attempting to read the XDG-style $HOME/.config/git/config and
+ finding that $HOME/.config/git is a file, we gave a wrong error
+ message, instead of treating the case as "a custom config file does
+ not exist there" and moving on.
+
+ * After failing to create a temporary file using mkstemp(), failing
+ pathname was not reported correctly on some platforms.
+
+ * http transport was wrong to ask for the username when the
+ authentication is done by certificate identity.
+
+ * The behaviour visible to the end users was confusing, when they
+ attempt to kill a process spawned in the editor that was in turn
+ launched by Git with SIGINT (or SIGQUIT), as Git would catch that
+ signal and die. We ignore these signals now.
+
+ * A child process that was killed by a signal (e.g. SIGINT) was
+ reported in an inconsistent way depending on how the process was
+ spawned by us, with or without a shell in between.
+
+ * After "git add -N" and then writing a tree object out of the
+ index, the cache-tree data structure got corrupted.
+
+ * "git apply" misbehaved when fixing whitespace breakages by removing
+ excess trailing blank lines in some corner cases.
+
+ * A tar archive created by "git archive" recorded a directory in a
+ way that made NetBSD's implementation of "tar" sometimes unhappy.
+
+ * When "git clone --separate-git-dir=$over_there" is interrupted, it
+ failed to remove the real location of the $GIT_DIR it created.
+ This was most visible when interrupting a submodule update.
+
+ * "git fetch --mirror" and fetch that uses other forms of refspec
+ with wildcard used to attempt to update a symbolic ref that match
+ the wildcard on the receiving end, which made little sense (the
+ real ref that is pointed at by the symbolic ref would be updated
+ anyway). Symbolic refs no longer are affected by such a fetch.
+
+ * The "log --graph" codepath fell into infinite loop in some
+ corner cases.
+
+ * "git merge" started calling prepare-commit-msg hook like "git
+ commit" does some time ago, but forgot to pay attention to the exit
+ status of the hook.
+
+ * "git pack-refs" that ran in parallel to another process that
+ created new refs had a race that can lose new ones.
+
+ * When a line to be wrapped has a solid run of non space characters
+ whose length exactly is the wrap width, "git shortlog -w" failed
+ to add a newline after such a line.
+
+ * The way "git svn" asked for password using SSH_ASKPASS and
+ GIT_ASKPASS was not in line with the rest of the system.
+
+ * "gitweb", when sorting by age to show repositories with new
+ activities first, used to sort repositories with absolutely
+ nothing in it early, which was not very useful.
+
+ * "gitweb", when sorting by age to show repositories with new
+ activities first, used to sort repositories with absolutely
+ nothing in it early, which was not very useful.
+
+ * When autoconf is used, any build on a different commit always ran
+ "config.status --recheck" even when unnecessary.
+
+ * Some scripted programs written in Python did not get updated when
+ PYTHON_PATH changed.
+
+ * We have been carrying a translated and long-unmaintained copy of an
+ old version of the tutorial; removed.
+
+ * Portability issues in many self-test scripts have been addressed.
+
+
+Also contains other minor fixes and documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5ab7b18
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+Git 1.8.1.2 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1.1
+--------------------
+
+ * An element on GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES list that does not name the
+ real path to a directory (i.e. a symbolic link) could have caused
+ the GIT_DIR discovery logic to escape the ceiling.
+
+ * Command line completion for "tcsh" emitted an unwanted space
+ after completing a single directory name.
+
+ * Command line completion leaked an unnecessary error message while
+ looking for possible matches with paths in <tree-ish>.
+
+ * "git archive" did not record uncompressed size in the header when
+ streaming a zip archive, which confused some implementations of unzip.
+
+ * When users spelled "cc:" in lowercase in the fake "header" in the
+ trailer part, "git send-email" failed to pick up the addresses from
+ there. As e-mail headers field names are case insensitive, this
+ script should follow suit and treat "cc:" and "Cc:" the same way.
+
+Also contains various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..681cb35
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+Git 1.8.1.3 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1.2
+--------------------
+
+ * The attribute mechanism didn't allow limiting attributes to be
+ applied to only a single directory itself with "path/" like the
+ exclude mechanism does. The fix for this in 1.8.1.2 had
+ performance degradations.
+
+ * Command line completion code was inadvertently made incompatible with
+ older versions of bash by using a newer array notation.
+
+ * Scripts to test bash completion was inherently flaky as it was
+ affected by whatever random things the user may have on $PATH.
+
+ * A fix was added to the build procedure to work around buggy
+ versions of ccache broke the auto-generation of dependencies, which
+ unfortunately is still relevant because some people use ancient
+ distros.
+
+ * We used to stuff "user@" and then append what we read from
+ /etc/mailname to come up with a default e-mail ident, but a bug
+ lost the "user@" part.
+
+ * "git am" did not parse datestamp correctly from Hg generated patch,
+ when it is run in a locale outside C (or en).
+
+ * Attempt to "branch --edit-description" an existing branch, while
+ being on a detached HEAD, errored out.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" did not replay a root commit to an unborn branch.
+
+ * We forgot to close the file descriptor reading from "gpg" output,
+ killing "git log --show-signature" on a long history.
+
+ * "git rebase --preserve-merges" lost empty merges in recent versions
+ of Git.
+
+ * Rebasing the history of superproject with change in the submodule
+ has been broken since v1.7.12.
+
+ * A failure to push due to non-ff while on an unborn branch
+ dereferenced a NULL pointer when showing an error message.
+
+Also contains various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..22af1d1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+Git 1.8.1.4 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1.3
+--------------------
+
+ * "git imap-send" talking over imaps:// did make sure it received a
+ valid certificate from the other end, but did not check if the
+ certificate matched the host it thought it was talking to.
+
+Also contains various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.5.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.5.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..efa68ae
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.5.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+Git 1.8.1.5 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1.4
+--------------------
+
+ * Given a string with a multi-byte character that begins with '-' on
+ the command line where an option is expected, the option parser
+ used just one byte of the unknown letter when reporting an error.
+
+ * In v1.8.1, the attribute parser was tightened too restrictive to
+ error out upon seeing an entry that begins with an ! (exclamation),
+ which may confuse users to expect a "negative match", which does
+ not exist. This has been demoted to a warning; such an entry is
+ still ignored.
+
+ * "git apply --summary" has been taught to make sure the similarity
+ value shown in its output is sensible, even when the input had a
+ bogus value.
+
+ * "git clean" showed what it was going to do, but sometimes ended
+ up finding that it was not allowed to do so, which resulted in a
+ confusing output (e.g. after saying that it will remove an
+ untracked directory, it found an embedded git repository there
+ which it is not allowed to remove). It now performs the actions
+ and then reports the outcome more faithfully.
+
+ * "git clone" used to allow --bare and --separate-git-dir=$there
+ options at the same time, which was nonsensical.
+
+ * "git cvsimport" mishandled timestamps at DST boundary.
+
+ * We used to have an arbitrary 32 limit for combined diff input,
+ resulting in incorrect number of leading colons shown when showing
+ the "--raw --cc" output.
+
+ * The smart HTTP clients forgot to verify the content-type that comes
+ back from the server side to make sure that the request is being
+ handled properly.
+
+ * "git help remote-helpers" failed to find the documentation.
+
+ * "gitweb" pages served over HTTPS, when configured to show picon or
+ gravatar, referred to these external resources to be fetched via
+ HTTP, resulting in mixed contents warning in browsers.
+
+Also contains various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c15cf2e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.6.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+Git 1.8.1.6 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1.5
+--------------------
+
+ * An earlier change to the attribute system introduced at v1.8.1.2 by
+ mistake stopped a pattern "dir" (without trailing slash) from
+ matching a directory "dir" (it only wanted to allow pattern "dir/"
+ to also match).
+
+ * The code to keep track of what directory names are known to Git on
+ platforms with case insensitive filesystems can get confused upon a
+ hash collision between these pathnames and looped forever.
+
+ * When the "--prefix" option is used to "checkout-index", the code
+ did not pick the correct output filter based on the attribute
+ setting.
+
+ * Annotated tags outside refs/tags/ hierarchy were not advertised
+ correctly to the ls-remote and fetch with recent version of Git.
+
+ * The logic used by "git diff -M --stat" to shorten the names of
+ files before and after a rename did not work correctly when the
+ common prefix and suffix between the two filenames overlapped.
+
+ * "git update-index -h" did not do the usual "-h(elp)" thing.
+
+ * perl/Git.pm::cat_blob slurped everything in core only to write it
+ out to a file descriptor, which was not a very smart thing to do.
+
+ * The SSL peer verification done by "git imap-send" did not ask for
+ Server Name Indication (RFC 4366), failing to connect SSL/TLS
+ sites that serve multiple hostnames on a single IP.
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not say "records a complete history" for a
+ bundle that does not have any prerequisites.
+
+Also contains various documentation fixes.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d6f9555
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,241 @@
+Git v1.8.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes
+----------------------------
+
+In the next major release (not *this* one), we will change the
+behavior of the "git push" command.
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). We will use the "simple" semantics that pushes the
+current branch to the branch with the same name, only when the current
+branch is set to integrate with that remote branch. There is a user
+preference configuration variable "push.default" to change this, and
+"git push" will warn about the upcoming change until you set this
+variable in this release.
+
+"git branch --set-upstream" is deprecated and may be removed in a
+relatively distant future. "git branch [-u|--set-upstream-to]" has
+been introduced with a saner order of arguments to replace it.
+
+
+Updates since v1.8.0
+--------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Command-line completion scripts for tcsh and zsh have been added.
+
+ * "git-prompt" scriptlet (in contrib/completion) can be told to paint
+ pieces of the hints in the prompt string in colors.
+
+ * Some documentation pages that used to ship only in the plain text
+ format are now formatted in HTML as well.
+
+ * We used to have a workaround for a bug in ancient "less" that
+ causes it to exit without any output when the terminal is resized.
+ The bug has been fixed in "less" version 406 (June 2007), and the
+ workaround has been removed in this release.
+
+ * When "git checkout" checks out a branch, it tells the user how far
+ behind (or ahead) the new branch is relative to the remote tracking
+ branch it builds upon. The message now also advises how to sync
+ them up by pushing or pulling. This can be disabled with the
+ advice.statusHints configuration variable.
+
+ * "git config --get" used to diagnose presence of multiple
+ definitions of the same variable in the same configuration file as
+ an error, but it now applies the "last one wins" rule used by the
+ internal configuration logic. Strictly speaking, this may be an
+ API regression but it is expected that nobody will notice it in
+ practice.
+
+ * A new configuration variable "diff.context" can be used to
+ give the default number of context lines in the patch output, to
+ override the hardcoded default of 3 lines.
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned the "--notes=<ref>" option to give
+ notes for the commit after the three-dash lines in its output.
+
+ * "git log -p -S<string>" now looks for the <string> after applying
+ the textconv filter (if defined); earlier it inspected the contents
+ of the blobs without filtering.
+
+ * "git log --grep=<pcre>" learned to honor the "grep.patterntype"
+ configuration set to "perl".
+
+ * "git replace -d <object>" now interprets <object> as an extended
+ SHA-1 (e.g. HEAD~4 is allowed), instead of only accepting full hex
+ object name.
+
+ * "git rm $submodule" used to punt on removing a submodule working
+ tree to avoid losing the repository embedded in it. Because
+ recent git uses a mechanism to separate the submodule repository
+ from the submodule working tree, "git rm" learned to detect this
+ case and removes the submodule working tree when it is safe to do so.
+
+ * "git send-email" used to prompt for the sender address, even when
+ the committer identity is well specified (e.g. via user.name and
+ user.email configuration variables). The command no longer gives
+ this prompt when not necessary.
+
+ * "git send-email" did not allow non-address garbage strings to
+ appear after addresses on Cc: lines in the patch files (and when
+ told to pick them up to find more recipients), e.g.
+
+ Cc: Stable Kernel <stable@k.org> # for v3.2 and up
+
+ The command now strips " # for v3.2 and up" part before adding the
+ remainder of this line to the list of recipients.
+
+ * "git submodule add" learned to add a new submodule at the same
+ path as the path where an unrelated submodule was bound to in an
+ existing revision via the "--name" option.
+
+ * "git submodule sync" learned the "--recursive" option.
+
+ * "diff.submodule" configuration variable can be used to give custom
+ default value to the "git diff --submodule" option.
+
+ * "git symbolic-ref" learned the "-d $symref" option to delete the
+ named symbolic ref, which is more intuitive way to spell it than
+ "update-ref -d --no-deref $symref".
+
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * "git cvsimport" can be told to record timezones (other than GMT)
+ per-author via its author info file.
+
+ * The remote helper interface to interact with subversion
+ repositories (one of the GSoC 2012 projects) has been merged.
+
+ * A new remote-helper interface for Mercurial has been added to
+ contrib/remote-helpers.
+
+ * The documentation for git(1) was pointing at a page at an external
+ site for the list of authors that no longer existed. The link has
+ been updated to point at an alternative site.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * Compilation on Cygwin with newer header files are supported now.
+
+ * A couple of low-level implementation updates on MinGW.
+
+ * The logic to generate the initial advertisement from "upload-pack"
+ (i.e. what is invoked by "git fetch" on the other side of the
+ connection) to list what refs are available in the repository has
+ been optimized.
+
+ * The logic to find set of attributes that match a given path has
+ been optimized.
+
+ * Use preloadindex in "git diff-index" and "git update-index", which
+ has a nice speedup on systems with slow stat calls (and even on
+ Linux).
+
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.8.0
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.8.0 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * The configuration parser had an unnecessary hardcoded limit on
+ variable names that was not checked consistently.
+
+ * The "say" function in the test scaffolding incorrectly allowed
+ "echo" to interpret "\a" as if it were a C-string asking for a
+ BEL output.
+
+ * "git mergetool" feeds /dev/null as a common ancestor when dealing
+ with an add/add conflict, but p4merge backend cannot handle
+ it. Work it around by passing a temporary empty file.
+
+ * "git log -F -E --grep='<ere>'" failed to use the given <ere>
+ pattern as extended regular expression, and instead looked for the
+ string literally.
+
+ * "git grep -e pattern <tree>" asked the attribute system to read
+ "<tree>:.gitattributes" file in the working tree, which was
+ nonsense.
+
+ * A symbolic ref refs/heads/SYM was not correctly removed with "git
+ branch -d SYM"; the command removed the ref pointed by SYM
+ instead.
+
+ * Update "remote tracking branch" in the documentation to
+ "remote-tracking branch".
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" run while the HEAD is detached tried to find
+ the upstream branch of the detached HEAD (which by definition
+ does not exist) and emitted unnecessary error messages.
+
+ * The refs/replace hierarchy was not mentioned in the
+ repository-layout docs.
+
+ * Various rfc2047 quoting issues around a non-ASCII name on the
+ From: line in the output from format-patch have been corrected.
+
+ * Sometimes curl_multi_timeout() function suggested a wrong timeout
+ value when there is no file descriptor to wait on and the http
+ transport ended up sleeping for minutes in select(2) system call.
+ A workaround has been added for this.
+
+ * For a fetch refspec (or the result of applying wildcard on one),
+ we always want the RHS to map to something inside "refs/"
+ hierarchy, but the logic to check it was not exactly right.
+ (merge 5c08c1f jc/maint-fetch-tighten-refname-check later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff -G<pattern>" did not honor textconv filter when looking
+ for changes.
+
+ * Some HTTP servers ask for auth only during the actual packing phase
+ (not in ls-remote phase); this is not really a recommended
+ configuration, but the clients used to fail to authenticate with
+ such servers.
+ (merge 2e736fd jk/maint-http-half-auth-fetch later to maint).
+
+ * "git p4" used to try expanding malformed "$keyword$" that spans
+ across multiple lines.
+
+ * Syntax highlighting in "gitweb" was not quite working.
+
+ * RSS feed from "gitweb" had a xss hole in its title output.
+
+ * "git config --path $key" segfaulted on "[section] key" (a boolean
+ "true" spelled without "=", not "[section] key = true").
+
+ * "git checkout -b foo" while on an unborn branch did not say
+ "Switched to a new branch 'foo'" like other cases.
+
+ * Various codepaths have workaround for a common misconfiguration to
+ spell "UTF-8" as "utf8", but it was not used uniformly. Most
+ notably, mailinfo (which is used by "git am") lacked this support.
+
+ * We failed to mention a file without any content change but whose
+ permission bit was modified, or (worse yet) a new file without any
+ content in the "git diff --stat" output.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for binary contents, the total
+ number of added and removed lines at the bottom was computed
+ incorrectly.
+
+ * When "--stat-count" hides a diffstat for unmerged paths, the total
+ number of affected files at the bottom of the "diff --stat" output
+ was computed incorrectly.
+
+ * "diff --shortstat" miscounted the total number of affected files
+ when there were unmerged paths.
+
+ * "update-ref -d --deref SYM" to delete a ref through a symbolic ref
+ that points to it did not remove it correctly.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..769a6fc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,115 @@
+Git v1.8.2.1 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.2
+------------------
+
+ * An earlier change to the attribute system introduced at v1.8.1.2 by
+ mistake stopped a pattern "dir" (without trailing slash) from
+ matching a directory "dir" (it only wanted to allow pattern "dir/"
+ to also match).
+
+ * Verification of signed tags were not done correctly when not in C
+ or en/US locale.
+
+ * 'git commit -m "$msg"' used to add an extra newline even when
+ $msg already ended with one.
+
+ * The "--match=<pattern>" option of "git describe", when used with
+ "--all" to allow refs that are not annotated tags to be used as a
+ base of description, did not restrict the output from the command
+ to those that match the given pattern.
+
+ * An aliased command spawned from a bare repository that does not say
+ it is bare with "core.bare = yes" is treated as non-bare by mistake.
+
+ * When "format-patch" quoted a non-ascii strings on the header files,
+ it incorrectly applied rfc2047 and chopped a single character in
+ the middle of it.
+
+ * "git archive" reports a failure when asked to create an archive out
+ of an empty tree. It would be more intuitive to give an empty
+ archive back in such a case.
+
+ * "git tag -f <tag>" always said "Updated tag '<tag>'" even when
+ creating a new tag (i.e. not overwriting nor updating).
+
+ * "git cmd -- ':(top'" was not diagnosed as an invalid syntax, and
+ instead the parser kept reading beyond the end of the string.
+
+ * Annotated tags outside refs/tags/ hierarchy were not advertised
+ correctly to the ls-remote and fetch with recent version of Git.
+
+ * The code to keep track of what directory names are known to Git on
+ platforms with case insensitive filesystems can get confused upon a
+ hash collision between these pathnames and looped forever.
+
+ * The logic used by "git diff -M --stat" to shorten the names of
+ files before and after a rename did not work correctly when the
+ common prefix and suffix between the two filenames overlapped.
+
+ * "git submodule update", when recursed into sub-submodules, did not
+ accumulate the prefix paths.
+
+ * "git am $maildir/" applied messages in an unexpected order; sort
+ filenames read from the maildir/ in a way that is more likely to
+ sort messages in the order the writing MUA meant to, by sorting
+ numeric segment in numeric order and non-numeric segment in
+ alphabetical order.
+
+ * When export-subst is used, "zip" output recorded incorrect
+ size of the file.
+
+ * Some platforms and users spell UTF-8 differently; retry with the
+ most official "UTF-8" when the system does not understand the
+ user-supplied encoding name that are the common alternative
+ spellings of UTF-8.
+
+ * "git branch" did not bother to check nonsense command line
+ parameters and issue errors in many cases.
+
+ * "git update-index -h" did not do the usual "-h(elp)" thing.
+
+ * perl/Git.pm::cat_blob slurped everything in core only to write it
+ out to a file descriptor, which was not a very smart thing to do.
+
+ * The SSL peer verification done by "git imap-send" did not ask for
+ Server Name Indication (RFC 4366), failing to connect SSL/TLS
+ sites that serve multiple hostnames on a single IP.
+
+ * "git index-pack" had a buffer-overflow while preparing an
+ informational message when the translated version of it was too
+ long.
+
+ * Clarify in the documentation "what" gets pushed to "where" when the
+ command line to "git push" does not say these explicitly.
+
+ * In "git reflog expire", REACHABLE bit was not cleared from the
+ correct objects.
+
+ * The "--color=<when>" argument to the commands in the diff family
+ was described poorly.
+
+ * The arguments given to pre-rebase hook were not documented.
+
+ * The v4 index format was not documented.
+
+ * The "--match=<pattern>" argument "git describe" takes uses glob
+ pattern but it wasn't obvious from the documentation.
+
+ * Some sources failed to compile on systems that lack NI_MAXHOST in
+ their system header (e.g. z/OS).
+
+ * Add an example use of "--env-filter" in "filter-branch"
+ documentation.
+
+ * "git bundle verify" did not say "records a complete history" for a
+ bundle that does not have any prerequisites.
+
+ * In the v1.8.0 era, we changed symbols that do not have to be global
+ to file scope static, but a few functions in graph.c were used by
+ CGit from sideways bypassing the entry points of the API the
+ in-tree users use.
+
+ * "git merge-tree" had a typo in the logic to detect d/f conflicts,
+ which caused it to segfault in some cases.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..708df1a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,61 @@
+Git v1.8.2.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.2.1
+--------------------
+
+ * Zsh completion forgot that '%' character used to signal untracked
+ files needs to be escaped with another '%'.
+
+ * A commit object whose author or committer ident are malformed
+ crashed some code that trusted that a name, an email and an
+ timestamp can always be found in it.
+
+ * The new core.commentchar configuration was not applied to a few
+ places.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" did not pass "-v/-q" options to underlying
+ "git rebase".
+
+ * When receive-pack detects error in the pack header it received in
+ order to decide which of unpack-objects or index-pack to run, it
+ returned without closing the error stream, which led to a hang
+ sideband thread.
+
+ * "git diff --diff-algorithm=algo" was understood by the command line
+ parser, but "git diff --diff-algorithm algo" was not.
+
+ * "git log -S/-G" started paying attention to textconv filter, but
+ there was no way to disable this. Make it honor --no-textconv
+ option.
+
+ * "git merge $(git rev-parse v1.8.2)" behaved quite differently from
+ "git merge v1.8.2", as if v1.8.2 were written as v1.8.2^0 and did
+ not pay much attention to the annotated tag payload. Make the code
+ notice the type of the tag object, in addition to the dwim_ref()
+ based classification the current code uses (i.e. the name appears
+ in refs/tags/) to decide when to special case merging of tags.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" and "git revert" can take more than one commit
+ on the command line these days, but it was not mentioned on the usage
+ text.
+
+ * Perl scripts like "git-svn" closed (not redirecting to /dev/null)
+ the standard error stream, which is not a very smart thing to do.
+ Later open may return file descriptor #2 for unrelated purpose, and
+ error reporting code may write into them.
+
+ * "git apply --whitespace=fix" was not prepared to see a line getting
+ longer after fixing whitespaces (e.g. tab-in-indent aka Python).
+
+ * "git diff/log --cc" did not work well with options that ignore
+ whitespace changes.
+
+ * Documentation on setting up a http server that requires
+ authentication only on the push but not fetch has been clarified.
+
+ * A few bugfixes to "git rerere" working on corner case merge
+ conflicts have been applied.
+
+ * "git bundle" did not like a bundle created using a commit without
+ any message as its one of the prerequisites.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6139482
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
+Git v1.8.2.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.2.2
+--------------------
+
+ * "rev-list --stdin" and friends kept bogus pointers into the input
+ buffer around as human readable object names. This was not a
+ huge problem but was exposed by a new change that uses these
+ names in error output.
+
+ * When "git difftool" drove "kdiff3", it mistakenly passed --auto
+ option that was meant while resolving merge conflicts.
+
+ * "git remote add" command did not diagnose extra command line
+ arguments as an error and silently ignored them.
+
+Also contains a handful of trivial code clean-ups, documentation
+updates, updates to the test suite, etc.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fc606ae
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,495 @@
+Git v1.8.2 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes (this release)
+-------------------------------------------
+
+"git push $there tag v1.2.3" used to allow replacing a tag v1.2.3
+that already exists in the repository $there, if the rewritten tag
+you are pushing points at a commit that is a descendant of a commit
+that the old tag v1.2.3 points at. This was found to be error prone
+and starting with this release, any attempt to update an existing
+ref under refs/tags/ hierarchy will fail, without "--force".
+
+When "git add -u" and "git add -A" that does not specify what paths
+to add on the command line is run from inside a subdirectory, the
+scope of the operation has always been limited to the subdirectory.
+Many users found this counter-intuitive, given that "git commit -a"
+and other commands operate on the entire tree regardless of where you
+are. In this release, these commands give a warning message that
+suggests the users to use "git add -u/-A ." when they want to limit
+the scope to the current directory; doing so will squelch the message,
+while training their fingers.
+
+
+Backward compatibility notes (for Git 2.0)
+------------------------------------------
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). In Git 2.0, the default will change to the "simple"
+semantics that pushes the current branch to the branch with the same
+name, only when the current branch is set to integrate with that
+remote branch. There is a user preference configuration variable
+"push.default" to change this. If you are an old-timer who is used
+to the "matching" semantics, you can set it to "matching" to keep the
+traditional behaviour. If you want to live in the future early,
+you can set it to "simple" today without waiting for Git 2.0.
+
+When "git add -u" and "git add -A", that does not specify what paths
+to add on the command line is run from inside a subdirectory, these
+commands will operate on the entire tree in Git 2.0 for consistency
+with "git commit -a" and other commands. Because there will be no
+mechanism to make "git add -u" behave as if "git add -u .", it is
+important for those who are used to "git add -u" (without pathspec)
+updating the index only for paths in the current subdirectory to start
+training their fingers to explicitly say "git add -u ." when they mean
+it before Git 2.0 comes.
+
+
+Updates since v1.8.1
+--------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Initial ports to QNX and z/OS UNIX System Services have started.
+
+ * Output from the tests is coloured using "green is okay, yellow is
+ questionable, red is bad and blue is informative" scheme.
+
+ * Mention of "GIT/Git/git" in the documentation have been updated to
+ be more uniform and consistent. The name of the system and the
+ concept it embodies is "Git"; the command the users type is "git".
+ All-caps "GIT" was merely a way to imitate "Git" typeset in small
+ caps in our ASCII text only documentation and to be avoided.
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/completion) used to let the
+ default completer to suggest pathnames, which gave too many
+ irrelevant choices (e.g. "git add" would not want to add an
+ unmodified path). It learnt to use a more git-aware logic to
+ enumerate only relevant ones.
+
+ * In bare repositories, "git shortlog" and other commands now read
+ mailmap files from the tip of the history, to help running these
+ tools in server settings.
+
+ * Color specifiers, e.g. "%C(blue)Hello%C(reset)", used in the
+ "--format=" option of "git log" and friends can be disabled when
+ the output is not sent to a terminal by prefixing them with
+ "auto,", e.g. "%C(auto,blue)Hello%C(auto,reset)".
+
+ * Scripts can ask Git that wildcard patterns in pathspecs they give do
+ not have any significance, i.e. take them as literal strings.
+
+ * The patterns in .gitignore and .gitattributes files can have **/,
+ as a pattern that matches 0 or more levels of subdirectory.
+ E.g. "foo/**/bar" matches "bar" in "foo" itself or in a
+ subdirectory of "foo".
+
+ * When giving arguments without "--" disambiguation, object names
+ that come earlier on the command line must not be interpretable as
+ pathspecs and pathspecs that come later on the command line must
+ not be interpretable as object names. This disambiguation rule has
+ been tweaked so that ":/" (no other string before or after) is
+ always interpreted as a pathspec; "git cmd -- :/" is no longer
+ needed, you can just say "git cmd :/".
+
+ * Various "hint" lines Git gives when it asks the user to edit
+ messages in the editor are commented out with '#' by default. The
+ core.commentchar configuration variable can be used to customize
+ this '#' to a different character.
+
+ * "git add -u" and "git add -A" without pathspec issues warning to
+ make users aware that they are only operating on paths inside the
+ subdirectory they are in. Use ":/" (everything from the top) or
+ "." (everything from the $cwd) to disambiguate.
+
+ * "git blame" (and "git diff") learned the "--no-follow" option.
+
+ * "git branch" now rejects some nonsense combinations of command line
+ arguments (e.g. giving more than one branch name to rename) with
+ more case-specific error messages.
+
+ * "git check-ignore" command to help debugging .gitignore files has
+ been added.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick" can be used to replay a root commit to an unborn
+ branch.
+
+ * "git commit" can be told to use --cleanup=whitespace by setting the
+ configuration variable commit.cleanup to 'whitespace'.
+
+ * "git diff" and other Porcelain commands can be told to use a
+ non-standard algorithm by setting diff.algorithm configuration
+ variable.
+
+ * "git fetch --mirror" and fetch that uses other forms of refspec
+ with wildcard used to attempt to update a symbolic ref that match
+ the wildcard on the receiving end, which made little sense (the
+ real ref that is pointed at by the symbolic ref would be updated
+ anyway). Symbolic refs no longer are affected by such a fetch.
+
+ * "git format-patch" now detects more cases in which a whole branch
+ is being exported, and uses the description for the branch, when
+ asked to write a cover letter for the series.
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned "-v $count" option, and prepends a
+ string "v$count-" to the names of its output files, and also
+ automatically sets the subject prefix to "PATCH v$count". This
+ allows patches from rerolled series to be stored under different
+ names and makes it easier to reuse cover letter messages.
+
+ * "git log" and friends can be told with --use-mailmap option to
+ rewrite the names and email addresses of people using the mailmap
+ mechanism.
+
+ * "git log --cc --graph" now shows the combined diff output with the
+ ancestry graph.
+
+ * "git log --grep=<pattern>" honors i18n.logoutputencoding to look
+ for the pattern after fixing the log message to the specified
+ encoding.
+
+ * "git mergetool" and "git difftool" learned to list the available
+ tool backends in a more consistent manner.
+
+ * "git mergetool" is aware of TortoiseGitMerge now and uses it over
+ TortoiseMerge when available.
+
+ * "git push" now requires "-f" to update a tag, even if it is a
+ fast-forward, as tags are meant to be fixed points.
+
+ * Error messages from "git push" when it stops to prevent remote refs
+ from getting overwritten by mistake have been improved to explain
+ various situations separately.
+
+ * "git push" will stop without doing anything if the new "pre-push"
+ hook exists and exits with a failure.
+
+ * When "git rebase" fails to generate patches to be applied (e.g. due
+ to oom), it failed to detect the failure and instead behaved as if
+ there were nothing to do. A workaround to use a temporary file has
+ been applied, but we probably would want to revisit this later, as
+ it hurts the common case of not failing at all.
+
+ * Input and preconditions to "git reset" has been loosened where
+ appropriate. "git reset $fromtree Makefile" requires $fromtree to
+ be any tree (it used to require it to be a commit), for example.
+ "git reset" (without options or parameters) used to error out when
+ you do not have any commits in your history, but it now gives you
+ an empty index (to match non-existent commit you are not even on).
+
+ * "git status" says what branch is being bisected or rebased when
+ able, not just "bisecting" or "rebasing".
+
+ * "git submodule" started learning a new mode to integrate with the
+ tip of the remote branch (as opposed to integrating with the commit
+ recorded in the superproject's gitlink).
+
+ * "git upload-pack" which implements the service "ls-remote" and
+ "fetch" talk to can be told to hide ref hierarchies the server
+ side internally uses (and that clients have no business learning
+ about) with transfer.hiderefs configuration.
+
+
+Foreign Interface
+
+ * "git fast-export" has been updated for its use in the context of
+ the remote helper interface.
+
+ * A new remote helper to interact with bzr has been added to contrib/.
+
+ * "git p4" got various bugfixes around its branch handling. It is
+ also made usable with Python 2.4/2.5. In addition, its various
+ portability issues for Cygwin have been addressed.
+
+ * The remote helper to interact with Hg in contrib/ has seen a few
+ fixes.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * "git fsck" has been taught to be pickier about entries in tree
+ objects that should not be there, e.g. ".", ".git", and "..".
+
+ * Matching paths with common forms of pathspecs that contain wildcard
+ characters has been optimized further.
+
+ * We stopped paying attention to $GIT_CONFIG environment that points
+ at a single configuration file from any command other than "git config"
+ quite a while ago, but "git clone" internally set, exported, and
+ then unexported the variable during its operation unnecessarily.
+
+ * "git reset" internals has been reworked and should be faster in
+ general. We tried to be careful not to break any behaviour but
+ there could be corner cases, especially when running the command
+ from a conflicted state, that we may have missed.
+
+ * The implementation of "imap-send" has been updated to reuse xml
+ quoting code from http-push codepath, and lost a lot of unused
+ code.
+
+ * There is a simple-minded checker for the test scripts in t/
+ directory to catch most common mistakes (it is not enabled by
+ default).
+
+ * You can build with USE_WILDMATCH=YesPlease to use a replacement
+ implementation of pattern matching logic used for pathname-like
+ things, e.g. refnames and paths in the repository. This new
+ implementation is not expected change the existing behaviour of Git
+ in this release, except for "git for-each-ref" where you can now
+ say "refs/**/master" and match with both refs/heads/master and
+ refs/remotes/origin/master. We plan to use this new implementation
+ in wider places (e.g. "git ls-files '**/Makefile' may find Makefile
+ at the top-level, and "git log '**/t*.sh'" may find commits that
+ touch a shell script whose name begins with "t" at any level) in
+ future versions of Git, but we are not there yet. By building with
+ USE_WILDMATCH, using the resulting Git daily and reporting when you
+ find breakages, you can help us get closer to that goal.
+
+ * Some reimplementations of Git do not write all the stat info back
+ to the index due to their implementation limitations (e.g. jgit).
+ A configuration option can tell Git to ignore changes to most of
+ the stat fields and only pay attention to mtime and size, which
+ these implementations can reliably update. This can be used to
+ avoid excessive revalidation of contents.
+
+ * Some platforms ship with old version of expat where xmlparse.h
+ needs to be included instead of expat.h; the build procedure has
+ been taught about this.
+
+ * "make clean" on platforms that cannot compute header dependencies
+ on the fly did not work with implementations of "rm" that do not
+ like an empty argument list.
+
+Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.
+
+
+Fixes since v1.8.1
+------------------
+
+Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.8.1 in the maintenance
+track are contained in this release (see release notes to them for
+details).
+
+ * An element on GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES list that does not name the
+ real path to a directory (i.e. a symbolic link) could have caused
+ the GIT_DIR discovery logic to escape the ceiling.
+
+ * When attempting to read the XDG-style $HOME/.config/git/config and
+ finding that $HOME/.config/git is a file, we gave a wrong error
+ message, instead of treating the case as "a custom config file does
+ not exist there" and moving on.
+
+ * The behaviour visible to the end users was confusing, when they
+ attempt to kill a process spawned in the editor that was in turn
+ launched by Git with SIGINT (or SIGQUIT), as Git would catch that
+ signal and die. We ignore these signals now.
+ (merge 0398fc34 pf/editor-ignore-sigint later to maint).
+
+ * A child process that was killed by a signal (e.g. SIGINT) was
+ reported in an inconsistent way depending on how the process was
+ spawned by us, with or without a shell in between.
+
+ * After failing to create a temporary file using mkstemp(), failing
+ pathname was not reported correctly on some platforms.
+
+ * We used to stuff "user@" and then append what we read from
+ /etc/mailname to come up with a default e-mail ident, but a bug
+ lost the "user@" part.
+
+ * The attribute mechanism didn't allow limiting attributes to be
+ applied to only a single directory itself with "path/" like the
+ exclude mechanism does. The initial implementation of this that
+ was merged to 'maint' and 1.8.1.2 was with a severe performance
+ degradations and needs to merge a fix-up topic.
+
+ * The smart HTTP clients forgot to verify the content-type that comes
+ back from the server side to make sure that the request is being
+ handled properly.
+
+ * "git am" did not parse datestamp correctly from Hg generated patch,
+ when it is run in a locale outside C (or en).
+
+ * "git apply" misbehaved when fixing whitespace breakages by removing
+ excess trailing blank lines.
+
+ * "git apply --summary" has been taught to make sure the similarity
+ value shown in its output is sensible, even when the input had a
+ bogus value.
+
+ * A tar archive created by "git archive" recorded a directory in a
+ way that made NetBSD's implementation of "tar" sometimes unhappy.
+
+ * "git archive" did not record uncompressed size in the header when
+ streaming a zip archive, which confused some implementations of unzip.
+
+ * "git archive" did not parse configuration values in tar.* namespace
+ correctly.
+ (merge b3873c3 jk/config-parsing-cleanup later to maint).
+
+ * Attempt to "branch --edit-description" an existing branch, while
+ being on a detached HEAD, errored out.
+
+ * "git clean" showed what it was going to do, but sometimes end up
+ finding that it was not allowed to do so, which resulted in a
+ confusing output (e.g. after saying that it will remove an
+ untracked directory, it found an embedded git repository there
+ which it is not allowed to remove). It now performs the actions
+ and then reports the outcome more faithfully.
+
+ * When "git clone --separate-git-dir=$over_there" is interrupted, it
+ failed to remove the real location of the $GIT_DIR it created.
+ This was most visible when interrupting a submodule update.
+
+ * "git cvsimport" mishandled timestamps at DST boundary.
+
+ * We used to have an arbitrary 32 limit for combined diff input,
+ resulting in incorrect number of leading colons shown when showing
+ the "--raw --cc" output.
+
+ * "git fetch --depth" was broken in at least three ways. The
+ resulting history was deeper than specified by one commit, it was
+ unclear how to wipe the shallowness of the repository with the
+ command, and documentation was misleading.
+ (merge cfb70e1 nd/fetch-depth-is-broken later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --all -p" that walked refs/notes/textconv/ ref can later
+ try to use the textconv data incorrectly after it gets freed.
+
+ * We forgot to close the file descriptor reading from "gpg" output,
+ killing "git log --show-signature" on a long history.
+
+ * The way "git svn" asked for password using SSH_ASKPASS and
+ GIT_ASKPASS was not in line with the rest of the system.
+
+ * The --graph code fell into infinite loop when asked to do what the
+ code did not expect.
+
+ * http transport was wrong to ask for the username when the
+ authentication is done by certificate identity.
+
+ * "git pack-refs" that ran in parallel to another process that
+ created new refs had a nasty race.
+
+ * Rebasing the history of superproject with change in the submodule
+ has been broken since v1.7.12.
+
+ * After "git add -N" and then writing a tree object out of the
+ index, the cache-tree data structure got corrupted.
+
+ * "git clone" used to allow --bare and --separate-git-dir=$there
+ options at the same time, which was nonsensical.
+
+ * "git rebase --preserve-merges" lost empty merges in recent versions
+ of Git.
+
+ * "git merge --no-edit" computed who were involved in the work done
+ on the side branch, even though that information is to be discarded
+ without getting seen in the editor.
+
+ * "git merge" started calling prepare-commit-msg hook like "git
+ commit" does some time ago, but forgot to pay attention to the exit
+ status of the hook.
+
+ * A failure to push due to non-ff while on an unborn branch
+ dereferenced a NULL pointer when showing an error message.
+
+ * When users spell "cc:" in lowercase in the fake "header" in the
+ trailer part, "git send-email" failed to pick up the addresses from
+ there. As e-mail headers field names are case insensitive, this
+ script should follow suit and treat "cc:" and "Cc:" the same way.
+
+ * Output from "git status --ignored" showed an unexpected interaction
+ with "--untracked".
+
+ * "gitweb", when sorting by age to show repositories with new
+ activities first, used to sort repositories with absolutely
+ nothing in it early, which was not very useful.
+
+ * "gitweb"'s code to sanitize control characters before passing it to
+ "highlight" filter lost known-to-be-safe control characters by
+ mistake.
+
+ * "gitweb" pages served over HTTPS, when configured to show picon or
+ gravatar, referred to these external resources to be fetched via
+ HTTP, resulting in mixed contents warning in browsers.
+
+ * When a line to be wrapped has a solid run of non space characters
+ whose length exactly is the wrap width, "git shortlog -w" failed
+ to add a newline after such a line.
+
+ * Command line completion leaked an unnecessary error message while
+ looking for possible matches with paths in <tree-ish>.
+
+ * Command line completion for "tcsh" emitted an unwanted space
+ after completing a single directory name.
+
+ * Command line completion code was inadvertently made incompatible with
+ older versions of bash by using a newer array notation.
+
+ * "git push" was taught to refuse updating the branch that is
+ currently checked out long time ago, but the user manual was left
+ stale.
+ (merge 50995ed wk/man-deny-current-branch-is-default-these-days later to maint).
+
+ * Some shells do not behave correctly when IFS is unset; work it
+ around by explicitly setting it to the default value.
+
+ * Some scripted programs written in Python did not get updated when
+ PYTHON_PATH changed.
+ (cherry-pick 96a4647fca54031974cd6ad1 later to maint).
+
+ * When autoconf is used, any build on a different commit always ran
+ "config.status --recheck" even when unnecessary.
+
+ * A fix was added to the build procedure to work around buggy
+ versions of ccache broke the auto-generation of dependencies, which
+ unfortunately is still relevant because some people use ancient
+ distros.
+
+ * The autoconf subsystem passed --mandir down to generated
+ config.mak.autogen but forgot to do the same for --htmldir.
+ (merge 55d9bf0 ct/autoconf-htmldir later to maint).
+
+ * A change made on v1.8.1.x maintenance track had a nasty regression
+ to break the build when autoconf is used.
+ (merge 7f1b697 jn/less-reconfigure later to maint).
+
+ * We have been carrying a translated and long-unmaintained copy of an
+ old version of the tutorial; removed.
+
+ * t0050 had tests expecting failures from a bug that was fixed some
+ time ago.
+
+ * t4014, t9502 and t0200 tests had various portability issues that
+ broke on OpenBSD.
+
+ * t9020 and t3600 tests had various portability issues.
+
+ * t9200 runs "cvs init" on a directory that already exists, but a
+ platform can configure this fail for the current user (e.g. you
+ need to be in the cvsadmin group on NetBSD 6.0).
+
+ * t9020 and t9810 had a few non-portable shell script construct.
+
+ * Scripts to test bash completion was inherently flaky as it was
+ affected by whatever random things the user may have on $PATH.
+
+ * An element on GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES could be a "logical" pathname
+ that uses a symbolic link to point at somewhere else (e.g. /home/me
+ that points at /net/host/export/home/me, and the latter directory
+ is automounted). Earlier when Git saw such a pathname e.g. /home/me
+ on this environment variable, the "ceiling" mechanism did not take
+ effect. With this release (the fix has also been merged to the
+ v1.8.1.x maintenance series), elements on GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES
+ are by default checked for such aliasing coming from symbolic
+ links. As this needs to actually resolve symbolic links for each
+ element on the GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES, you can disable this
+ mechanism for some elements by listing them after an empty element
+ on the GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES. e.g. Setting /home/me::/home/him to
+ GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES makes Git resolve symbolic links in
+ /home/me when checking if the current directory is under /home/me,
+ but does not do so for /home/him.
+ (merge 7ec30aa mh/maint-ceil-absolute later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fc3ea18
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.1.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+Git v1.8.3.1 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.3
+------------------
+
+ * When $HOME is misconfigured to point at an unreadable directory, we
+ used to complain and die. The check has been loosened.
+
+ * Handling of negative exclude pattern for directories "!dir" was
+ broken in the update to v1.8.3.
+
+Also contains a handful of trivial code clean-ups, documentation
+updates, updates to the test suite, etc.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..26ae142
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,59 @@
+Git v1.8.3.2 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.3.1
+--------------------
+
+ * Cloning with "git clone --depth N" while fetch.fsckobjects (or
+ transfer.fsckobjects) is set to true did not tell the cut-off
+ points of the shallow history to the process that validates the
+ objects and the history received, causing the validation to fail.
+
+ * "git checkout foo" DWIMs the intended "upstream" and turns it into
+ "git checkout -t -b foo remotes/origin/foo". This codepath has been
+ updated to correctly take existing remote definitions into account.
+
+ * "git fetch" into a shallow repository from a repository that does
+ not know about the shallow boundary commits (e.g. a different fork
+ from the repository the current shallow repository was cloned from)
+ did not work correctly.
+
+ * "git subtree" (in contrib/) had one codepath with loose error
+ checks to lose data at the remote side.
+
+ * "git log --ancestry-path A...B" did not work as expected, as it did
+ not pay attention to the fact that the merge base between A and B
+ was the bottom of the range being specified.
+
+ * "git diff -c -p" was not showing a deleted line from a hunk when
+ another hunk immediately begins where the earlier one ends.
+
+ * "git merge @{-1}~22" was rewritten to "git merge frotz@{1}~22"
+ incorrectly when your previous branch was "frotz" (it should be
+ rewritten to "git merge frotz~22" instead).
+
+ * "git commit --allow-empty-message -m ''" should not start an
+ editor.
+
+ * "git push --[no-]verify" was not documented.
+
+ * An entry for "file://" scheme in the enumeration of URL types Git
+ can take in the HTML documentation was made into a clickable link
+ by mistake.
+
+ * zsh prompt script that borrowed from bash prompt script did not
+ work due to slight differences in array variable notation between
+ these two shells.
+
+ * The bash prompt code (in contrib/) displayed the name of the branch
+ being rebased when "rebase -i/-m/-p" modes are in use, but not the
+ plain vanilla "rebase".
+
+ * "git push $there HEAD:branch" did not resolve HEAD early enough, so
+ it was easy to flip it around while push is still going on and push
+ out a branch that the user did not originally intended when the
+ command was started.
+
+ * "difftool --dir-diff" did not copy back changes made by the
+ end-user in the diff tool backend to the working tree in some
+ cases.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9ba4f4d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+Git v1.8.3.3 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+Fixes since v1.8.3.2
+--------------------
+
+ * "git apply" parsed patches that add new files, generated by programs
+ other than Git, incorrectly. This is an old breakage in v1.7.11.
+
+ * Older cURL wanted piece of memory we call it with to be stable, but
+ we updated the auth material after handing it to a call.
+
+ * "git pull" into nothing trashed "local changes" that were in the
+ index.
+
+ * Many "git submodule" operations did not work on a submodule at a
+ path whose name is not in ASCII.
+
+ * "cherry-pick" had a small leak in its error codepath.
+
+ * Logic used by git-send-email to suppress cc mishandled names like
+ "A U. Thor" <author@example.xz>, where the human readable part
+ needs to be quoted (the user input may not have the double quotes
+ around the name, and comparison was done between quoted and
+ unquoted strings). It also mishandled names that need RFC2047
+ quoting.
+
+ * "gitweb" forgot to clear a global variable $search_regexp upon each
+ request, mistakenly carrying over the previous search to a new one
+ when used as a persistent CGI.
+
+ * The wildmatch engine did not honor WM_CASEFOLD option correctly.
+
+ * "git log -c --follow $path" segfaulted upon hitting the commit that
+ renamed the $path being followed.
+
+ * When a reflog notation is used for implicit "current branch",
+ e.g. "git log @{u}", we did not say which branch and worse said
+ "branch ''" in the error messages.
+
+ * Mac OS X does not like to write(2) more than INT_MAX number of
+ bytes; work it around by chopping write(2) into smaller pieces.
+
+ * Newer MacOS X encourages the programs to compile and link with
+ their CommonCrypto, not with OpenSSL.
+
+Also contains various minor documentation updates.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.4.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.4.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..56f106e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.4.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+Git v1.8.3.4 Release Notes
+==========================
+
+This update is mostly to propagate documentation fixes and test
+updates from the master front back to the maintenance track.
+
+Fixes since v1.8.3.3
+--------------------
+
+ * The bisect log listed incorrect commits when bisection ends with
+ only skipped ones.
+
+ * The test coverage framework was left broken for some time.
+
+ * The test suite for HTTP transport did not run with Apache 2.4.
+
+ * "git diff" used to fail when core.safecrlf is set and the working
+ tree contents had mixed CRLF/LF line endings. Committing such a
+ content must be prohibited, but "git diff" should help the user to
+ locate and fix such problems without failing.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ead568e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/RelNotes/1.8.3.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,436 @@
+Git v1.8.3 Release Notes
+========================
+
+Backward compatibility notes (for Git 2.0)
+------------------------------------------
+
+When "git push [$there]" does not say what to push, we have used the
+traditional "matching" semantics so far (all your branches were sent
+to the remote as long as there already are branches of the same name
+over there). In Git 2.0, the default will change to the "simple"
+semantics that pushes only the current branch to the branch with the same
+name, and only when the current branch is set to integrate with that
+remote branch. Use the user preference configuration variable
+"push.default" to change this. If you are an old-timer who is used
+to the "matching" semantics, you can set the variable to "matching"
+to keep the traditional behaviour. If you want to live in the future
+early, you can set it to "simple" today without waiting for Git 2.0.
+
+When "git add -u" (and "git add -A") is run inside a subdirectory and
+does not specify which paths to add on the command line, it
+will operate on the entire tree in Git 2.0 for consistency
+with "git commit -a" and other commands. There will be no
+mechanism to make plain "git add -u" behave like "git add -u .".
+Current users of "git add -u" (without a pathspec) should start
+training their fingers to explicitly say "git add -u ."
+before Git 2.0 comes. A warning is issued when these commands are
+run without a pathspec and when you have local changes outside the
+current directory, because the behaviour in Git 2.0 will be different
+from today's version in such a situation.
+
+In Git 2.0, "git add <path>" will behave as "git add -A <path>", so
+that "git add dir/" will notice paths you removed from the directory
+and record the removal. Versions before Git 2.0, including this
+release, will keep ignoring removals, but the users who rely on this
+behaviour are encouraged to start using "git add --ignore-removal <path>"
+now before 2.0 is released.
+
+
+Updates since v1.8.2
+--------------------
+
+Foreign interface
+
+ * remote-hg and remote-bzr helpers (in contrib/ since v1.8.2) have
+ been updated; especially, the latter has been done in an
+ accelerated schedule (read: we may not have merged to this release
+ if we were following the usual "cook sufficiently in next before
+ unleashing it to the world" workflow) in order to help Emacs folks,
+ whose primary SCM seems to be stagnating.
+
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * A handful of updates applied to gitk, including an addition of
+ "revert" action, showing dates in tags in a nicer way, making
+ colors configurable, and support for -G'pickaxe' search.
+
+ * The prompt string generator (in contrib/completion/) learned to
+ show how many changes there are in total and how many have been
+ replayed during a "git rebase" session.
+
+ * "git branch --vv" learned to paint the name of the branch it
+ integrates with in a different color (color.branch.upstream,
+ which defaults to blue).
+
+ * In a sparsely populated working tree, "git checkout <pathspec>" no
+ longer unmarks paths that match the given pathspec that were
+ originally ignored with "--sparse" (use --ignore-skip-worktree-bits
+ option to resurrect these paths out of the index if you really want
+ to).
+
+ * "git log --format" specifier learned %C(auto) token that tells Git
+ to use color when interpolating %d (decoration), %h (short commit
+ object name), etc. for terminal output.
+
+ * "git bisect" leaves the final outcome as a comment in its bisect
+ log file.
+
+ * "git clone --reference" can now refer to a gitfile "textual symlink"
+ that points at the real location of the repository.
+
+ * "git count-objects" learned "--human-readable" aka "-H" option to
+ show various large numbers in Ki/Mi/GiB scaled as necessary.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick $blob" and "git cherry-pick $tree" are nonsense,
+ and a more readable error message e.g. "can't cherry-pick a tree"
+ is given (we used to say "expected exactly one commit").
+
+ * The "--annotate" option to "git send-email" can be turned on (or
+ off) by default with sendemail.annotate configuration variable (you
+ can use --no-annotate from the command line to override it).
+
+ * The "--cover-letter" option to "git format-patch" can be turned on
+ (or off) by default with format.coverLetter configuration
+ variable. By setting it to 'auto', you can turn it on only for a
+ series with two or more patches.
+
+ * The bash completion support (in contrib/) learned that cherry-pick
+ takes a few more options than it already knew about.
+
+ * "git help" learned "-g" option to show the list of guides just like
+ list of commands are given with "-a".
+
+ * A triangular "pull from one place, push to another place" workflow
+ is supported better by new remote.pushdefault (overrides the
+ "origin" thing) and branch.*.pushremote (overrides the
+ branch.*.remote) configuration variables.
+
+ * "git status" learned to report that you are in the middle of a
+ revert session, just like it does for a cherry-pick and a bisect
+ session.
+
+ * The handling by "git branch --set-upstream-to" against various forms
+ of erroneous inputs was suboptimal and has been improved.
+
+ * When the interactive access to git-shell is not enabled, it issues
+ a message meant to help the system administrator to enable it. An
+ explicit way has been added to issue custom messages to refuse an
+ access over the network to help the end users who connect to the
+ service expecting an interactive shell.
+
+ * In addition to the case where the user edits the log message with
+ the "e)dit" option of "am -i", replace the "Applying: this patch"
+ message with the final log message contents after applymsg hook
+ munges it.
+
+ * "git status" suggests users to look into using --untracked=no option
+ when it takes too long.
+
+ * "git status" shows a bit more information during a rebase/bisect
+ session.
+
+ * "git fetch" learned to fetch a commit at the tip of an unadvertised
+ ref by specifying a raw object name from the command line when the
+ server side supports this feature.
+
+ * Output from "git log --graph" works better with submodule log
+ output now.
+
+ * "git count-objects -v" learned to report leftover temporary
+ packfiles and other garbage in the object store.
+
+ * A new read-only credential helper (in contrib/) to interact with
+ the .netrc/.authinfo files has been added.
+
+ * "git send-email" can be used with the credential helper system.
+
+ * There was no Porcelain way to say "I no longer am interested in
+ this submodule", once you express your interest in a submodule with
+ "submodule init". "submodule deinit" is the way to do so.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" learned to pass "-v/-q" options to underlying
+ "git rebase".
+
+ * The new "--follow-tags" option tells "git push" to push relevant
+ annotated tags when pushing branches out.
+
+ * "git merge" and "git pull" can optionally be told to inspect and
+ reject when merging a commit that does not carry a trusted GPG
+ signature.
+
+ * "git mergetool" now feeds files to the "p4merge" backend in the
+ order that matches the p4 convention, where "theirs" is usually
+ shown on the left side, which is the opposite from what other backends
+ expect.
+
+ * "show/log" now honors gpg.program configuration just like other
+ parts of the code that use GnuPG.
+
+ * "git log" that shows the difference between the parent and the
+ child has been optimized somewhat.
+
+ * "git difftool" allows the user to write into the temporary files
+ being shown; if the user makes changes to the working tree at the
+ same time, it now refrains from overwriting the copy in the working
+ tree and leaves the temporary file so that changes can be merged
+ manually.
+
+ * There was no good way to ask "I have a random string that came from
+ outside world. I want to turn it into a 40-hex object name while
+ making sure such an object exists". A new peeling suffix ^{object}
+ can be used for that purpose, together with "rev-parse --verify".
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, etc.
+
+ * Updates for building under msvc.
+
+ * A handful of issues in the code that traverses the working tree to find
+ untracked and/or ignored files have been fixed, and the general
+ codepath involved in "status -u" and "clean" have been cleaned up
+ and optimized.
+
+ * The stack footprint of some codepaths that access an object from a
+ pack has been shrunk.
+
+ * The logic to coalesce the same lines removed from the parents in
+ the output from "diff -c/--cc" has been updated, but with O(n^2)
+ complexity, so this might turn out to be undesirable.
+
+ * The code to enforce permission bits on files in $GIT_DIR/ for
+ shared repositories has been simplified.
+
+ * A few codepaths know how much data they need to put in the
+ hashtables they use when they start, but still began with small tables
+ and repeatedly gre