path: root/usage.c
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authorÆvar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <>2017-06-21 20:47:42 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2017-06-21 21:09:13 (GMT)
commit2d3c02f5db620af7169b651ff4afe625df3af156 (patch)
tree1e93a3e5e74cc84a0bfb1053cdfa4034680e4a8c /usage.c
parentfd99e2bda0ca6a361ef03c04d6d7fdc7a9c40b78 (diff)
die(): stop hiding errors due to overzealous recursion guard
Change the recursion limit for the default die routine from a *very* low 1 to 1024. This ensures that infinite recursions are broken, but doesn't lose the meaningful error messages under threaded execution where threads concurrently start to die. The intent of the existing code, as explained in commit cd163d4b4e ("usage.c: detect recursion in die routines and bail out immediately", 2012-11-14), is to break infinite recursion in cases where the die routine itself calls die(), and would thus infinitely recurse. However, doing that very aggressively by immediately printing out "recursion detected in die handler" if we've already called die() once means that threaded invocations of git can end up only printing out the "recursion detected" error, while hiding the meaningful error. An example of this is running a threaded grep which dies on execution against pretty much any repo, git.git will do: git grep -P --threads=8 '(*LIMIT_MATCH=1)-?-?-?---$' With the current version of git this will print some combination of multiple PCRE failures that caused the abort and multiple "recursion detected", some invocations will print out multiple "recursion detected" errors with no PCRE error at all! Before this change, running the above grep command 1000 times against git.git[1] and taking the top 20 results will on my system yield the following distribution of actual errors ("E") and recursion errors ("R"): 322 E R 306 E 116 E R R 65 R R 54 R E 49 E E 44 R 15 E R R R 9 R R R 7 R E R 5 R R E 3 E R R R R 2 E E R 1 R R R R 1 R R R E 1 R E R R The exact results are obviously random and system-dependent, but this shows the race condition in this code. Some small part of the time we're about to print out the actual error ("E") but another thread's recursion error beats us to it, and sometimes we print out nothing but the recursion error. With this change we get, now with "W" to mean the new warning being emitted indicating that we've called die() many times: 502 E 160 E W E 120 E E 53 E W 35 E W E E 34 W E E 29 W E E E 16 E E W 16 E E E 11 W E E E E 7 E E W E 4 W E 3 W W E E 2 E W E E E 1 W W E 1 W E W E 1 E W W E E E 1 E W W E E 1 E W W E 1 E W E E W Which still sucks a bit, due to a still present race-condition in this code we're sometimes going to print out several errors still, or several warnings, or two duplicate errors without the warning. But we will never have a case where we completely hide the actual error as we do now. Now, git-grep could make use of the pluggable error facility added in commit c19a490e37 ("usage: allow pluggable die-recursion checks", 2013-04-16). There's other threaded code that calls set_die_routine() or set_die_is_recursing_routine(). But this is about fixing the general die() behavior with threading when we don't have such a custom routine yet. Right now the common case is not an infinite recursion in the handler, but us losing error messages by default because we're overly paranoid about our recursion check. So let's just set the recursion limit to a number higher than the number of threads we're ever likely to spawn. Now we won't lose errors, and if we have a recursing die handler we'll still die within microseconds. There are race conditions in this code itself, in particular the "dying" variable is not thread mutexed, so we e.g. won't be dying at exactly 1024, or for that matter even be able to accurately test "dying == 2", see the cases where we print out more than one "W" above. But that doesn't really matter, for the recursion guard we just need to die "soon", not at exactly 1024 calls, and for printing the correct error and only one warning most of the time in the face of threaded death this is good enough and a net improvement on the current code. 1. for i in {1..1000}; do git grep -P --threads=8 '(*LIMIT_MATCH=1)-?-?-?---$' 2>&1|perl -pe 's/^fatal: r.*/R/; s/^fatal: p.*/E/; s/^warning.*/W/' | tr '\n' ' '; echo; done | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | head -n 20 Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
Diffstat (limited to 'usage.c')
1 files changed, 17 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/usage.c b/usage.c
index 2f87ca6..1ea7df9 100644
--- a/usage.c
+++ b/usage.c
@@ -44,7 +44,23 @@ static void warn_builtin(const char *warn, va_list params)
static int die_is_recursing_builtin(void)
static int dying;
- return dying++;
+ /*
+ * Just an arbitrary number X where "a < x < b" where "a" is
+ * "maximum number of pthreads we'll ever plausibly spawn" and
+ * "b" is "something less than Inf", since the point is to
+ * prevent infinite recursion.
+ */
+ static const int recursion_limit = 1024;
+ dying++;
+ if (dying > recursion_limit) {
+ return 1;
+ } else if (dying == 2) {
+ warning("die() called many times. Recursion error or racy threaded death!");
+ return 0;
+ } else {
+ return 0;
+ }
/* If we are in a dlopen()ed .so write to a global variable would segfault