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authorJohannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org>2009-07-04 19:26:40 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2009-07-06 09:44:49 (GMT)
commit0ac77ec3150f43a5c2a6b1e47e9db5aafe53fb72 (patch)
tree6410cfd9bdc06db787fb329f8cdf84cb38809881 /run-command.c
parent5709e0363a891b72eb9e9756d7fb121d9bf6a7c7 (diff)
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run_command: report system call errors instead of returning error codes
The motivation for this change is that system call failures are serious errors that should be reported to the user, but only few callers took the burden to decode the error codes that the functions returned into error messages. If at all, then only an unspecific error message was given. A prominent example is this: $ git upload-pack . | : fatal: unable to run 'git-upload-pack' In this example, git-upload-pack, the external command invoked through the git wrapper, dies due to SIGPIPE, but the git wrapper does not bother to report the real cause. In fact, this very error message is copied to the syslog if git-daemon's client aborts the connection early. With this change, system call failures are reported immediately after the failure and only a generic failure code is returned to the caller. In the above example the error is now to the point: $ git upload-pack . | : error: git-upload-pack died of signal Note that there is no error report if the invoked program terminated with a non-zero exit code, because it is reasonable to expect that the invoked program has already reported an error. (But many run_command call sites nevertheless write a generic error message.) There was one special return code that was used to identify the case where run_command failed because the requested program could not be exec'd. This special case is now treated like a system call failure with errno set to ENOENT. No error is reported in this case, because the call site in git.c expects this as a normal result. Therefore, the callers that carefully decoded the return value still check for this condition. Signed-off-by: Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'run-command.c')
-rw-r--r--run-command.c89
1 files changed, 49 insertions, 40 deletions
diff --git a/run-command.c b/run-command.c
index a4e309e..e273c6c 100644
--- a/run-command.c
+++ b/run-command.c
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ int start_command(struct child_process *cmd)
{
int need_in, need_out, need_err;
int fdin[2], fdout[2], fderr[2];
+ int failed_errno;
/*
* In case of errors we must keep the promise to close FDs
@@ -28,9 +29,10 @@ int start_command(struct child_process *cmd)
need_in = !cmd->no_stdin && cmd->in < 0;
if (need_in) {
if (pipe(fdin) < 0) {
+ failed_errno = errno;
if (cmd->out > 0)
close(cmd->out);
- return -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_PIPE;
+ goto fail_pipe;
}
cmd->in = fdin[1];
}
@@ -40,11 +42,12 @@ int start_command(struct child_process *cmd)
&& cmd->out < 0;
if (need_out) {
if (pipe(fdout) < 0) {
+ failed_errno = errno;
if (need_in)
close_pair(fdin);
else if (cmd->in)
close(cmd->in);
- return -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_PIPE;
+ goto fail_pipe;
}
cmd->out = fdout[0];
}
@@ -52,6 +55,7 @@ int start_command(struct child_process *cmd)
need_err = !cmd->no_stderr && cmd->err < 0;
if (need_err) {
if (pipe(fderr) < 0) {
+ failed_errno = errno;
if (need_in)
close_pair(fdin);
else if (cmd->in)
@@ -60,7 +64,11 @@ int start_command(struct child_process *cmd)
close_pair(fdout);
else if (cmd->out)
close(cmd->out);
- return -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_PIPE;
+fail_pipe:
+ error("cannot create pipe for %s: %s",
+ cmd->argv[0], strerror(failed_errno));
+ errno = failed_errno;
+ return -1;
}
cmd->err = fderr[0];
}
@@ -122,6 +130,9 @@ int start_command(struct child_process *cmd)
strerror(errno));
exit(127);
}
+ if (cmd->pid < 0)
+ error("cannot fork() for %s: %s", cmd->argv[0],
+ strerror(failed_errno = errno));
#else
int s0 = -1, s1 = -1, s2 = -1; /* backups of stdin, stdout, stderr */
const char **sargv = cmd->argv;
@@ -173,6 +184,9 @@ int start_command(struct child_process *cmd)
}
cmd->pid = mingw_spawnvpe(cmd->argv[0], cmd->argv, env);
+ failed_errno = errno;
+ if (cmd->pid < 0 && errno != ENOENT)
+ error("cannot spawn %s: %s", cmd->argv[0], strerror(errno));
if (cmd->env)
free_environ(env);
@@ -189,7 +203,6 @@ int start_command(struct child_process *cmd)
#endif
if (cmd->pid < 0) {
- int err = errno;
if (need_in)
close_pair(fdin);
else if (cmd->in)
@@ -200,9 +213,8 @@ int start_command(struct child_process *cmd)
close(cmd->out);
if (need_err)
close_pair(fderr);
- return err == ENOENT ?
- -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_EXEC :
- -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_FORK;
+ errno = failed_errno;
+ return -1;
}
if (need_in)
@@ -221,33 +233,41 @@ int start_command(struct child_process *cmd)
return 0;
}
-static int wait_or_whine(pid_t pid)
+static int wait_or_whine(pid_t pid, const char *argv0)
{
- for (;;) {
- int status, code;
- pid_t waiting = waitpid(pid, &status, 0);
-
- if (waiting < 0) {
- if (errno == EINTR)
- continue;
- error("waitpid failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
- return -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_WAITPID;
- }
- if (waiting != pid)
- return -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_WAITPID_WRONG_PID;
- if (WIFSIGNALED(status))
- return -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_WAITPID_SIGNAL;
-
- if (!WIFEXITED(status))
- return -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_WAITPID_NOEXIT;
+ int status, code = -1;
+ pid_t waiting;
+ int failed_errno = 0;
+
+ while ((waiting = waitpid(pid, &status, 0)) < 0 && errno == EINTR)
+ ; /* nothing */
+
+ if (waiting < 0) {
+ failed_errno = errno;
+ error("waitpid for %s failed: %s", argv0, strerror(errno));
+ } else if (waiting != pid) {
+ error("waitpid is confused (%s)", argv0);
+ } else if (WIFSIGNALED(status)) {
+ error("%s died of signal", argv0);
+ } else if (WIFEXITED(status)) {
code = WEXITSTATUS(status);
- return code == 127 ? -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_EXEC : code;
+ /*
+ * Convert special exit code when execvp failed.
+ */
+ if (code == 127) {
+ code = -1;
+ failed_errno = ENOENT;
+ }
+ } else {
+ error("waitpid is confused (%s)", argv0);
}
+ errno = failed_errno;
+ return code;
}
int finish_command(struct child_process *cmd)
{
- return wait_or_whine(cmd->pid);
+ return wait_or_whine(cmd->pid, cmd->argv[0]);
}
int run_command(struct child_process *cmd)
@@ -331,10 +351,7 @@ int start_async(struct async *async)
int finish_async(struct async *async)
{
#ifndef __MINGW32__
- int ret = 0;
-
- if (wait_or_whine(async->pid))
- ret = error("waitpid (async) failed");
+ int ret = wait_or_whine(async->pid, "child process");
#else
DWORD ret = 0;
if (WaitForSingleObject(async->tid, INFINITE) != WAIT_OBJECT_0)
@@ -378,15 +395,7 @@ int run_hook(const char *index_file, const char *name, ...)
hook.env = env;
}
- ret = start_command(&hook);
+ ret = run_command(&hook);
free(argv);
- if (ret) {
- warning("Could not spawn %s", argv[0]);
- return ret;
- }
- ret = finish_command(&hook);
- if (ret == -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_WAITPID_SIGNAL)
- warning("%s exited due to uncaught signal", argv[0]);
-
return ret;
}