path: root/parse-options-cb.c
diff options
authorRené Scharfe <>2019-11-12 21:41:34 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2019-11-13 02:44:00 (GMT)
commit169bed7421b9c71870231e41ccb93a7abad3240e (patch)
tree040c53ec3750405a753c9fe2bae50af5d852cf9b /parse-options-cb.c
parent5fa0f5238b0cd46cfe7f6fa76c3f526ea98148d9 (diff)
parse-options: avoid arithmetic on pointer that's potentially NULL
parse_options_dup() counts the number of elements in the given array without the end marker, allocates enough memory to hold all of them plus an end marker, then copies them and terminates the new array. The counting part is done by advancing a pointer through the array, and the original pointer is reconstructed using pointer subtraction before the copy operation. The function is also prepared to handle a NULL pointer passed to it. None of its callers do that currently, but this feature was used by 46e91b663b ("checkout: split part of it to new command 'restore'", 2019-04-25); it seems worth keeping. It ends up doing arithmetic on that NULL pointer, though, which is undefined in standard C, when it tries to calculate "NULL - 0". Better avoid doing that by remembering the originally given pointer value. There is another issue, though. memcpy(3) does not support NULL pointers, even for empty arrays. Use COPY_ARRAY instead, which does support such empty arrays. Its call is also shorter and safer by inferring the element type automatically. Coccinelle and contrib/coccinelle/array.cocci did not propose to use COPY_ARRAY because of the pointer subtraction and because the source is const -- the semantic patch cautiously only considers pointers and array references of the same type. Signed-off-by: René Scharfe <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
Diffstat (limited to 'parse-options-cb.c')
1 files changed, 2 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/parse-options-cb.c b/parse-options-cb.c
index 1240a85..c2062ae 100644
--- a/parse-options-cb.c
+++ b/parse-options-cb.c
@@ -161,6 +161,7 @@ int parse_opt_tertiary(const struct option *opt, const char *arg, int unset)
struct option *parse_options_dup(const struct option *o)
+ const struct option *orig = o;
struct option *opts;
int nr = 0;
@@ -170,7 +171,7 @@ struct option *parse_options_dup(const struct option *o)
ALLOC_ARRAY(opts, nr + 1);
- memcpy(opts, o - nr, sizeof(*o) * nr);
+ COPY_ARRAY(opts, orig, nr);
memset(opts + nr, 0, sizeof(*opts));
opts[nr].type = OPTION_END;
return opts;