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authorSergey Vlasov <vsu@altlinux.ru>2005-10-12 19:01:31 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>2005-10-13 01:32:02 (GMT)
commit9cf6d3357aaaaa89dd86cc156221b7b604e9358c (patch)
tree05414ddb382cbd7a05eaf9181a5d995e6fd3a8a7 /index-pack.c
parenta1451104ac2aa97f2e74818787ff54e29b2a77e5 (diff)
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Add git-index-pack utility
git-index-pack builds a pack index file for an existing packed archive. With this utility a packed archive which was transferred without the corresponding pack index can be added to objects/pack/ without repacking. Signed-off-by: Sergey Vlasov <vsu@altlinux.ru> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'index-pack.c')
-rw-r--r--index-pack.c451
1 files changed, 451 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/index-pack.c b/index-pack.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..badbeab
--- /dev/null
+++ b/index-pack.c
@@ -0,0 +1,451 @@
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "delta.h"
+#include "pack.h"
+#include "csum-file.h"
+
+static const char index_pack_usage[] =
+"git-index-pack [-o index-file] pack-file";
+
+struct object_entry
+{
+ unsigned long offset;
+ enum object_type type;
+ enum object_type real_type;
+ unsigned char sha1[20];
+};
+
+struct delta_entry
+{
+ struct object_entry *obj;
+ unsigned char base_sha1[20];
+};
+
+static const char *pack_name;
+static unsigned char *pack_base;
+static unsigned long pack_size;
+static struct object_entry *objects;
+static struct delta_entry *deltas;
+static int nr_objects;
+static int nr_deltas;
+
+static void open_pack_file(void)
+{
+ int fd;
+ struct stat st;
+
+ fd = open(pack_name, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ die("cannot open packfile '%s': %s", pack_name,
+ strerror(errno));
+ if (fstat(fd, &st)) {
+ int err = errno;
+ close(fd);
+ die("cannot fstat packfile '%s': %s", pack_name,
+ strerror(err));
+ }
+ pack_size = st.st_size;
+ pack_base = mmap(NULL, pack_size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
+ if (pack_base == MAP_FAILED) {
+ int err = errno;
+ close(fd);
+ die("cannot mmap packfile '%s': %s", pack_name,
+ strerror(err));
+ }
+ close(fd);
+}
+
+static void parse_pack_header(void)
+{
+ const struct pack_header *hdr;
+ unsigned char sha1[20];
+ SHA_CTX ctx;
+
+ /* Ensure there are enough bytes for the header and final SHA1 */
+ if (pack_size < sizeof(struct pack_header) + 20)
+ die("packfile '%s' is too small", pack_name);
+
+ /* Header consistency check */
+ hdr = (void *)pack_base;
+ if (hdr->hdr_signature != htonl(PACK_SIGNATURE))
+ die("packfile '%s' signature mismatch", pack_name);
+ if (hdr->hdr_version != htonl(PACK_VERSION))
+ die("packfile '%s' version %d different from ours %d",
+ pack_name, ntohl(hdr->hdr_version), PACK_VERSION);
+
+ nr_objects = ntohl(hdr->hdr_entries);
+
+ /* Check packfile integrity */
+ SHA1_Init(&ctx);
+ SHA1_Update(&ctx, pack_base, pack_size - 20);
+ SHA1_Final(sha1, &ctx);
+ if (memcmp(sha1, pack_base + pack_size - 20, 20))
+ die("packfile '%s' SHA1 mismatch", pack_name);
+}
+
+static void bad_object(unsigned long offset, const char *format,
+ ...) NORETURN __attribute__((format (printf, 2, 3)));
+
+static void bad_object(unsigned long offset, const char *format, ...)
+{
+ va_list params;
+ char buf[1024];
+
+ va_start(params, format);
+ vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), format, params);
+ va_end(params);
+ die("packfile '%s': bad object at offset %lu: %s",
+ pack_name, offset, buf);
+}
+
+static void *unpack_entry_data(unsigned long offset,
+ unsigned long *current_pos, unsigned long size)
+{
+ unsigned long pack_limit = pack_size - 20;
+ unsigned long pos = *current_pos;
+ z_stream stream;
+ void *buf = xmalloc(size);
+
+ memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));
+ stream.next_out = buf;
+ stream.avail_out = size;
+ stream.next_in = pack_base + pos;
+ stream.avail_in = pack_limit - pos;
+ inflateInit(&stream);
+
+ for (;;) {
+ int ret = inflate(&stream, 0);
+ if (ret == Z_STREAM_END)
+ break;
+ if (ret != Z_OK)
+ bad_object(offset, "inflate returned %d", ret);
+ }
+ inflateEnd(&stream);
+ if (stream.total_out != size)
+ bad_object(offset, "size mismatch (expected %lu, got %lu)",
+ size, stream.total_out);
+ *current_pos = pack_limit - stream.avail_in;
+ return buf;
+}
+
+static void *unpack_raw_entry(unsigned long offset,
+ enum object_type *obj_type,
+ unsigned long *obj_size,
+ unsigned char *delta_base,
+ unsigned long *next_obj_offset)
+{
+ unsigned long pack_limit = pack_size - 20;
+ unsigned long pos = offset;
+ unsigned char c;
+ unsigned long size;
+ unsigned shift;
+ enum object_type type;
+ void *data;
+
+ c = pack_base[pos++];
+ type = (c >> 4) & 7;
+ size = (c & 15);
+ shift = 4;
+ while (c & 0x80) {
+ if (pos >= pack_limit)
+ bad_object(offset, "object extends past end of pack");
+ c = pack_base[pos++];
+ size += (c & 0x7fUL) << shift;
+ shift += 7;
+ }
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case OBJ_DELTA:
+ if (pos + 20 >= pack_limit)
+ bad_object(offset, "object extends past end of pack");
+ memcpy(delta_base, pack_base + pos, 20);
+ pos += 20;
+ /* fallthru */
+ case OBJ_COMMIT:
+ case OBJ_TREE:
+ case OBJ_BLOB:
+ case OBJ_TAG:
+ data = unpack_entry_data(offset, &pos, size);
+ break;
+ default:
+ bad_object(offset, "bad object type %d", type);
+ }
+
+ *obj_type = type;
+ *obj_size = size;
+ *next_obj_offset = pos;
+ return data;
+}
+
+static int find_delta(const unsigned char *base_sha1)
+{
+ int first = 0, last = nr_deltas;
+
+ while (first < last) {
+ int next = (first + last) / 2;
+ struct delta_entry *delta = &deltas[next];
+ int cmp;
+
+ cmp = memcmp(base_sha1, delta->base_sha1, 20);
+ if (!cmp)
+ return next;
+ if (cmp < 0) {
+ last = next;
+ continue;
+ }
+ first = next+1;
+ }
+ return -first-1;
+}
+
+static int find_deltas_based_on_sha1(const unsigned char *base_sha1,
+ int *first_index, int *last_index)
+{
+ int first = find_delta(base_sha1);
+ int last = first;
+ int end = nr_deltas - 1;
+
+ if (first < 0)
+ return -1;
+ while (first > 0 && !memcmp(deltas[first-1].base_sha1, base_sha1, 20))
+ --first;
+ while (last < end && !memcmp(deltas[last+1].base_sha1, base_sha1, 20))
+ ++last;
+ *first_index = first;
+ *last_index = last;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void sha1_object(const void *data, unsigned long size,
+ enum object_type type, unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+ SHA_CTX ctx;
+ char header[50];
+ int header_size;
+ const char *type_str;
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case OBJ_COMMIT: type_str = "commit"; break;
+ case OBJ_TREE: type_str = "tree"; break;
+ case OBJ_BLOB: type_str = "blob"; break;
+ case OBJ_TAG: type_str = "tag"; break;
+ default:
+ die("bad type %d", type);
+ }
+
+ header_size = sprintf(header, "%s %lu", type_str, size) + 1;
+
+ SHA1_Init(&ctx);
+ SHA1_Update(&ctx, header, header_size);
+ SHA1_Update(&ctx, data, size);
+ SHA1_Final(sha1, &ctx);
+}
+
+static void resolve_delta(struct delta_entry *delta, void *base_data,
+ unsigned long base_size, enum object_type type)
+{
+ struct object_entry *obj = delta->obj;
+ void *delta_data;
+ unsigned long delta_size;
+ void *result;
+ unsigned long result_size;
+ enum object_type delta_type;
+ unsigned char base_sha1[20];
+ unsigned long next_obj_offset;
+ int j, first, last;
+
+ obj->real_type = type;
+ delta_data = unpack_raw_entry(obj->offset, &delta_type,
+ &delta_size, base_sha1,
+ &next_obj_offset);
+ result = patch_delta(base_data, base_size, delta_data, delta_size,
+ &result_size);
+ free(delta_data);
+ if (!result)
+ bad_object(obj->offset, "failed to apply delta");
+ sha1_object(result, result_size, type, obj->sha1);
+ if (!find_deltas_based_on_sha1(obj->sha1, &first, &last)) {
+ for (j = first; j <= last; j++)
+ resolve_delta(&deltas[j], result, result_size, type);
+ }
+ free(result);
+}
+
+static int compare_delta_entry(const void *a, const void *b)
+{
+ const struct delta_entry *delta_a = a;
+ const struct delta_entry *delta_b = b;
+ return memcmp(delta_a->base_sha1, delta_b->base_sha1, 20);
+}
+
+static void parse_pack_objects(void)
+{
+ int i;
+ unsigned long offset = sizeof(struct pack_header);
+ unsigned char base_sha1[20];
+ void *data;
+ unsigned long data_size;
+
+ /*
+ * First pass:
+ * - find locations of all objects;
+ * - calculate SHA1 of all non-delta objects;
+ * - remember base SHA1 for all deltas.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_objects; i++) {
+ struct object_entry *obj = &objects[i];
+ obj->offset = offset;
+ data = unpack_raw_entry(offset, &obj->type, &data_size,
+ base_sha1, &offset);
+ obj->real_type = obj->type;
+ if (obj->type == OBJ_DELTA) {
+ struct delta_entry *delta = &deltas[nr_deltas++];
+ delta->obj = obj;
+ memcpy(delta->base_sha1, base_sha1, 20);
+ } else
+ sha1_object(data, data_size, obj->type, obj->sha1);
+ free(data);
+ }
+ if (offset != pack_size - 20)
+ die("packfile '%s' has junk at the end", pack_name);
+
+ /* Sort deltas by base SHA1 for fast searching */
+ qsort(deltas, nr_deltas, sizeof(struct delta_entry),
+ compare_delta_entry);
+
+ /*
+ * Second pass:
+ * - for all non-delta objects, look if it is used as a base for
+ * deltas;
+ * - if used as a base, uncompress the object and apply all deltas,
+ * recursively checking if the resulting object is used as a base
+ * for some more deltas.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_objects; i++) {
+ struct object_entry *obj = &objects[i];
+ int j, first, last;
+
+ if (obj->type == OBJ_DELTA)
+ continue;
+ if (find_deltas_based_on_sha1(obj->sha1, &first, &last))
+ continue;
+ data = unpack_raw_entry(obj->offset, &obj->type, &data_size,
+ base_sha1, &offset);
+ for (j = first; j <= last; j++)
+ resolve_delta(&deltas[j], data, data_size, obj->type);
+ free(data);
+ }
+
+ /* Check for unresolved deltas */
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_deltas; i++) {
+ if (deltas[i].obj->real_type == OBJ_DELTA)
+ die("packfile '%s' has unresolved deltas", pack_name);
+ }
+}
+
+static int sha1_compare(const void *_a, const void *_b)
+{
+ struct object_entry *a = *(struct object_entry **)_a;
+ struct object_entry *b = *(struct object_entry **)_b;
+ return memcmp(a->sha1, b->sha1, 20);
+}
+
+static void write_index_file(const char *index_name)
+{
+ struct sha1file *f;
+ struct object_entry **sorted_by_sha =
+ xcalloc(nr_objects, sizeof(struct object_entry *));
+ struct object_entry **list = sorted_by_sha;
+ struct object_entry **last = sorted_by_sha + nr_objects;
+ unsigned int array[256];
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_objects; ++i)
+ sorted_by_sha[i] = &objects[i];
+ qsort(sorted_by_sha, nr_objects, sizeof(sorted_by_sha[0]),
+ sha1_compare);
+
+ unlink(index_name);
+ f = sha1create("%s", index_name);
+
+ /*
+ * Write the first-level table (the list is sorted,
+ * but we use a 256-entry lookup to be able to avoid
+ * having to do eight extra binary search iterations).
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
+ struct object_entry **next = list;
+ while (next < last) {
+ struct object_entry *obj = *next;
+ if (obj->sha1[0] != i)
+ break;
+ next++;
+ }
+ array[i] = htonl(next - sorted_by_sha);
+ list = next;
+ }
+ sha1write(f, array, 256 * sizeof(int));
+
+ /*
+ * Write the actual SHA1 entries..
+ */
+ list = sorted_by_sha;
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_objects; i++) {
+ struct object_entry *obj = *list++;
+ unsigned int offset = htonl(obj->offset);
+ sha1write(f, &offset, 4);
+ sha1write(f, obj->sha1, 20);
+ }
+ sha1write(f, pack_base + pack_size - 20, 20);
+ sha1close(f, NULL, 1);
+ free(sorted_by_sha);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ int i;
+ char *index_name = NULL;
+ char *index_name_buf = NULL;
+
+ for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
+ const char *arg = argv[i];
+
+ if (*arg == '-') {
+ if (!strcmp(arg, "-o")) {
+ if (index_name || (i+1) >= argc)
+ usage(index_pack_usage);
+ index_name = argv[++i];
+ } else
+ usage(index_pack_usage);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (pack_name)
+ usage(index_pack_usage);
+ pack_name = arg;
+ }
+
+ if (!pack_name)
+ usage(index_pack_usage);
+ if (!index_name) {
+ int len = strlen(pack_name);
+ if (len < 5 || strcmp(pack_name + len - 5, ".pack"))
+ die("packfile name '%s' does not end with '.pack'",
+ pack_name);
+ index_name_buf = xmalloc(len - 1);
+ memcpy(index_name_buf, pack_name, len - 5);
+ strcpy(index_name_buf + len - 5, ".idx");
+ index_name = index_name_buf;
+ }
+
+ open_pack_file();
+ parse_pack_header();
+ objects = xcalloc(nr_objects, sizeof(struct object_entry));
+ deltas = xcalloc(nr_objects, sizeof(struct delta_entry));
+ parse_pack_objects();
+ free(deltas);
+ write_index_file(index_name);
+ free(objects);
+ free(index_name_buf);
+
+ return 0;
+}