path: root/http.c
diff options
authorJeff King <>2016-12-06 18:24:45 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2016-12-06 20:32:48 (GMT)
commitcb4d2d35c4622ec2513c1c352d30ff8f9f9cdb9e (patch)
tree94174c76470843f451ae0cecd07b717f98cd2ac3 /http.c
parent50d3413740d1da599cdc0106e6e916741394cc98 (diff)
http: treat http-alternates like redirects
The previous commit made HTTP redirects more obvious and tightened up the default behavior. However, there's another way for a server to ask a git client to fetch arbitrary content: by having an http-alternates file (or a regular alternates file, which is used as a backup). Similar to the HTTP redirect case, a malicious server can claim to have refs pointing at object X, return a 404 when the client asks for X, but point to some other URL via http-alternates, which the client will transparently fetch. The end result is that it looks from the user's perspective like the objects came from the malicious server, as the other URL is not mentioned at all. Worse, because we feed the new URL to curl ourselves, the usual protocol restrictions do not kick in (neither curl's default of disallowing file://, nor the protocol whitelisting in f4113cac0 (http: limit redirection to protocol-whitelist, 2015-09-22). Let's apply the same rules here as we do for HTTP redirects. Namely: - unless http.followRedirects is set to "always", we will not follow remote redirects from http-alternates (or alternates) at all - set CURLOPT_PROTOCOLS alongside CURLOPT_REDIR_PROTOCOLS restrict ourselves to a known-safe set and respect any user-provided whitelist. - mention alternate object stores on stderr so that the user is aware another source of objects may be involved The first item may prove to be too restrictive. The most common use of alternates is to point to another path on the same server. While it's possible for a single-server redirect to be an attack, it takes a fairly obscure setup (victim and evil repository on the same host, host speaks dumb http, and evil repository has access to edit its own http-alternates file). So we could make the checks more specific, and only cover cross-server redirects. But that means parsing the URLs ourselves, rather than letting curl handle them. This patch goes for the simpler approach. Given that they are only used with dumb http, http-alternates are probably pretty rare. And there's an escape hatch: the user can allow redirects on a specific server by setting http.<url>.followRedirects to "always". Reported-by: Jann Horn <> Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
Diffstat (limited to 'http.c')
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/http.c b/http.c
index b99ade5..a9778bf 100644
--- a/http.c
+++ b/http.c
@@ -581,6 +581,7 @@ static CURL *get_curl_handle(void)
if (is_transport_allowed("ftps"))
allowed_protocols |= CURLPROTO_FTPS;
curl_easy_setopt(result, CURLOPT_REDIR_PROTOCOLS, allowed_protocols);
+ curl_easy_setopt(result, CURLOPT_PROTOCOLS, allowed_protocols);
if (transport_restrict_protocols())
warning("protocol restrictions not applied to curl redirects because\n"