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authorShawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>2009-10-31 00:47:34 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2009-11-05 01:58:15 (GMT)
commit556cfa3b6d316074d41cd73c4659402fdb6207c8 (patch)
tree70de4c0f563493dc05f2f53b3af554657f99f9eb /http-backend.c
parent42526b478e369d7e8c9a95186ad87fae9930eea5 (diff)
downloadgit-556cfa3b6d316074d41cd73c4659402fdb6207c8.zip
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Smart fetch and push over HTTP: server side
Requests for $GIT_URL/git-receive-pack and $GIT_URL/git-upload-pack are forwarded to the corresponding backend process by directly executing it and leaving stdin and stdout connected to the invoking web server. Prior to starting the backend process the HTTP response headers are sent, thereby freeing the backend from needing to know about the HTTP protocol. Requests that are encoded with Content-Encoding: gzip are automatically inflated before being streamed into the backend. This is primarily useful for the git-upload-pack backend, which receives highly repetitive text data from clients that easily compresses to 50% of its original size. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'http-backend.c')
-rw-r--r--http-backend.c324
1 files changed, 321 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/http-backend.c b/http-backend.c
index 22bec56..bfce520 100644
--- a/http-backend.c
+++ b/http-backend.c
@@ -4,11 +4,109 @@
#include "object.h"
#include "tag.h"
#include "exec_cmd.h"
+#include "run-command.h"
+#include "string-list.h"
static const char content_type[] = "Content-Type";
static const char content_length[] = "Content-Length";
static const char last_modified[] = "Last-Modified";
+static struct string_list *query_params;
+
+struct rpc_service {
+ const char *name;
+ const char *config_name;
+ signed enabled : 2;
+};
+
+static struct rpc_service rpc_service[] = {
+ { "upload-pack", "uploadpack", 1 },
+ { "receive-pack", "receivepack", -1 },
+};
+
+static int decode_char(const char *q)
+{
+ int i;
+ unsigned char val = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
+ unsigned char c = *q++;
+ val <<= 4;
+ if (c >= '0' && c <= '9')
+ val += c - '0';
+ else if (c >= 'a' && c <= 'f')
+ val += c - 'a' + 10;
+ else if (c >= 'A' && c <= 'F')
+ val += c - 'A' + 10;
+ else
+ return -1;
+ }
+ return val;
+}
+
+static char *decode_parameter(const char **query, int is_name)
+{
+ const char *q = *query;
+ struct strbuf out;
+
+ strbuf_init(&out, 16);
+ do {
+ unsigned char c = *q;
+
+ if (!c)
+ break;
+ if (c == '&' || (is_name && c == '=')) {
+ q++;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (c == '%') {
+ int val = decode_char(q + 1);
+ if (0 <= val) {
+ strbuf_addch(&out, val);
+ q += 3;
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (c == '+')
+ strbuf_addch(&out, ' ');
+ else
+ strbuf_addch(&out, c);
+ q++;
+ } while (1);
+ *query = q;
+ return strbuf_detach(&out, NULL);
+}
+
+static struct string_list *get_parameters(void)
+{
+ if (!query_params) {
+ const char *query = getenv("QUERY_STRING");
+
+ query_params = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*query_params));
+ while (query && *query) {
+ char *name = decode_parameter(&query, 1);
+ char *value = decode_parameter(&query, 0);
+ struct string_list_item *i;
+
+ i = string_list_lookup(name, query_params);
+ if (!i)
+ i = string_list_insert(name, query_params);
+ else
+ free(i->util);
+ i->util = value;
+ }
+ }
+ return query_params;
+}
+
+static const char *get_parameter(const char *name)
+{
+ struct string_list_item *i;
+ i = string_list_lookup(name, get_parameters());
+ return i ? i->util : NULL;
+}
+
static void format_write(int fd, const char *fmt, ...)
{
static char buffer[1024];
@@ -81,6 +179,21 @@ static NORETURN void not_found(const char *err, ...)
exit(0);
}
+static NORETURN void forbidden(const char *err, ...)
+{
+ va_list params;
+
+ http_status(403, "Forbidden");
+ hdr_nocache();
+ end_headers();
+
+ va_start(params, err);
+ if (err && *err)
+ vfprintf(stderr, err, params);
+ va_end(params);
+ exit(0);
+}
+
static void send_strbuf(const char *type, struct strbuf *buf)
{
hdr_int(content_length, buf->len);
@@ -147,6 +260,145 @@ static void get_idx_file(char *name)
send_file("application/x-git-packed-objects-toc", name);
}
+static int http_config(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
+{
+ struct rpc_service *svc = cb;
+
+ if (!prefixcmp(var, "http.") &&
+ !strcmp(var + 5, svc->config_name)) {
+ svc->enabled = git_config_bool(var, value);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* we are not interested in parsing any other configuration here */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct rpc_service *select_service(const char *name)
+{
+ struct rpc_service *svc = NULL;
+ int i;
+
+ if (prefixcmp(name, "git-"))
+ forbidden("Unsupported service: '%s'", name);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(rpc_service); i++) {
+ struct rpc_service *s = &rpc_service[i];
+ if (!strcmp(s->name, name + 4)) {
+ svc = s;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!svc)
+ forbidden("Unsupported service: '%s'", name);
+
+ git_config(http_config, svc);
+ if (svc->enabled < 0) {
+ const char *user = getenv("REMOTE_USER");
+ svc->enabled = (user && *user) ? 1 : 0;
+ }
+ if (!svc->enabled)
+ forbidden("Service not enabled: '%s'", svc->name);
+ return svc;
+}
+
+static void inflate_request(const char *prog_name, int out)
+{
+ z_stream stream;
+ unsigned char in_buf[8192];
+ unsigned char out_buf[8192];
+ unsigned long cnt = 0;
+ int ret;
+
+ memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));
+ ret = inflateInit2(&stream, (15 + 16));
+ if (ret != Z_OK)
+ die("cannot start zlib inflater, zlib err %d", ret);
+
+ while (1) {
+ ssize_t n = xread(0, in_buf, sizeof(in_buf));
+ if (n <= 0)
+ die("request ended in the middle of the gzip stream");
+
+ stream.next_in = in_buf;
+ stream.avail_in = n;
+
+ while (0 < stream.avail_in) {
+ int ret;
+
+ stream.next_out = out_buf;
+ stream.avail_out = sizeof(out_buf);
+
+ ret = inflate(&stream, Z_NO_FLUSH);
+ if (ret != Z_OK && ret != Z_STREAM_END)
+ die("zlib error inflating request, result %d", ret);
+
+ n = stream.total_out - cnt;
+ if (write_in_full(out, out_buf, n) != n)
+ die("%s aborted reading request", prog_name);
+ cnt += n;
+
+ if (ret == Z_STREAM_END)
+ goto done;
+ }
+ }
+
+done:
+ inflateEnd(&stream);
+ close(out);
+}
+
+static void run_service(const char **argv)
+{
+ const char *encoding = getenv("HTTP_CONTENT_ENCODING");
+ const char *user = getenv("REMOTE_USER");
+ const char *host = getenv("REMOTE_ADDR");
+ char *env[3];
+ struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+ int gzipped_request = 0;
+ struct child_process cld;
+
+ if (encoding && !strcmp(encoding, "gzip"))
+ gzipped_request = 1;
+ else if (encoding && !strcmp(encoding, "x-gzip"))
+ gzipped_request = 1;
+
+ if (!user || !*user)
+ user = "anonymous";
+ if (!host || !*host)
+ host = "(none)";
+
+ memset(&env, 0, sizeof(env));
+ strbuf_addf(&buf, "GIT_COMMITTER_NAME=%s", user);
+ env[0] = strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL);
+
+ strbuf_addf(&buf, "GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL=%s@http.%s", user, host);
+ env[1] = strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL);
+ env[2] = NULL;
+
+ memset(&cld, 0, sizeof(cld));
+ cld.argv = argv;
+ cld.env = (const char *const *)env;
+ if (gzipped_request)
+ cld.in = -1;
+ cld.git_cmd = 1;
+ if (start_command(&cld))
+ exit(1);
+
+ close(1);
+ if (gzipped_request)
+ inflate_request(argv[0], cld.in);
+ else
+ close(0);
+
+ if (finish_command(&cld))
+ exit(1);
+ free(env[0]);
+ free(env[1]);
+ strbuf_release(&buf);
+}
+
static int show_text_ref(const char *name, const unsigned char *sha1,
int flag, void *cb_data)
{
@@ -167,11 +419,32 @@ static int show_text_ref(const char *name, const unsigned char *sha1,
static void get_info_refs(char *arg)
{
+ const char *service_name = get_parameter("service");
struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
- for_each_ref(show_text_ref, &buf);
hdr_nocache();
- send_strbuf("text/plain", &buf);
+
+ if (service_name) {
+ const char *argv[] = {NULL /* service name */,
+ "--stateless-rpc", "--advertise-refs",
+ ".", NULL};
+ struct rpc_service *svc = select_service(service_name);
+
+ strbuf_addf(&buf, "application/x-git-%s-advertisement",
+ svc->name);
+ hdr_str(content_type, buf.buf);
+ end_headers();
+
+ packet_write(1, "# service=git-%s\n", svc->name);
+ packet_flush(1);
+
+ argv[0] = svc->name;
+ run_service(argv);
+
+ } else {
+ for_each_ref(show_text_ref, &buf);
+ send_strbuf("text/plain", &buf);
+ }
strbuf_release(&buf);
}
@@ -200,6 +473,48 @@ static void get_info_packs(char *arg)
strbuf_release(&buf);
}
+static void check_content_type(const char *accepted_type)
+{
+ const char *actual_type = getenv("CONTENT_TYPE");
+
+ if (!actual_type)
+ actual_type = "";
+
+ if (strcmp(actual_type, accepted_type)) {
+ http_status(415, "Unsupported Media Type");
+ hdr_nocache();
+ end_headers();
+ format_write(1,
+ "Expected POST with Content-Type '%s',"
+ " but received '%s' instead.\n",
+ accepted_type, actual_type);
+ exit(0);
+ }
+}
+
+static void service_rpc(char *service_name)
+{
+ const char *argv[] = {NULL, "--stateless-rpc", ".", NULL};
+ struct rpc_service *svc = select_service(service_name);
+ struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+
+ strbuf_reset(&buf);
+ strbuf_addf(&buf, "application/x-git-%s-request", svc->name);
+ check_content_type(buf.buf);
+
+ hdr_nocache();
+
+ strbuf_reset(&buf);
+ strbuf_addf(&buf, "application/x-git-%s-result", svc->name);
+ hdr_str(content_type, buf.buf);
+
+ end_headers();
+
+ argv[0] = svc->name;
+ run_service(argv);
+ strbuf_release(&buf);
+}
+
static NORETURN void die_webcgi(const char *err, va_list params)
{
char buffer[1000];
@@ -225,7 +540,10 @@ static struct service_cmd {
{"GET", "/objects/info/packs$", get_info_packs},
{"GET", "/objects/[0-9a-f]{2}/[0-9a-f]{38}$", get_loose_object},
{"GET", "/objects/pack/pack-[0-9a-f]{40}\\.pack$", get_pack_file},
- {"GET", "/objects/pack/pack-[0-9a-f]{40}\\.idx$", get_idx_file}
+ {"GET", "/objects/pack/pack-[0-9a-f]{40}\\.idx$", get_idx_file},
+
+ {"POST", "/git-upload-pack$", service_rpc},
+ {"POST", "/git-receive-pack$", service_rpc}
};
int main(int argc, char **argv)