path: root/git-gui
diff options
authorJunio C Hamano <>2019-11-04 04:29:38 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2019-11-04 04:29:38 (GMT)
commitab6b50e4c8339167c0b048c778055526226c45ca (patch)
treef378953158b99acafc700cff190ee31b0f964593 /git-gui
parent93bf7423dd21c9d7bf2fd99c97cbfcb74740eac3 (diff)
parentb524f6b399c77b40c8bf2b6217585fde4731472a (diff)
* git-gui: improve Japanese translation git-gui: add a readme git-gui: support for diff3 conflict style git-gui: use existing interface to query a path's attribute git-gui (Windows): use git-bash.exe if it is available treewide: correct several "up-to-date" to "up to date" Fix build with core.autocrlf=true
Diffstat (limited to 'git-gui')
4 files changed, 210 insertions, 21 deletions
diff --git a/git-gui/ b/git-gui/
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5ce2122
--- /dev/null
+++ b/git-gui/
@@ -0,0 +1,174 @@
+# Git GUI - A graphical user interface for Git
+Git GUI allows you to use the [Git source control management
+tools]( via a GUI. This includes staging, committing,
+adding, pushing, etc. It can also be used as a blame viewer, a tree browser,
+and a citool (make exactly one commit before exiting and returning to shell).
+More details about Git GUI can be found in its manual page by either running
+`man git-gui`, or by visiting the [online manual
+Git GUI was initially written by Shawn O. Pearce, and is distributed with the
+standard Git installation.
+# Building and installing
+You need to have the following dependencies installed before you begin:
+- Git
+- Tcl
+- Tk
+- wish
+- Gitk (needed for browsing history)
+- msgfmt
+Most of Git GUI is written in Tcl, so there is no compilation involved. Still,
+some things do need to be done (mostly some substitutions), so you do need to
+"build" it.
+You can build Git GUI using:
+And then install it using:
+make install
+You probably need to have root/admin permissions to install.
+# Contributing
+The project is currently maintained by Pratyush Yadav over at
+ Even though the project is hosted at
+GitHub, the development does not happen over GitHub Issues and Pull Requests.
+Instead, an email based workflow is used. The Git mailing list
+[]( is where the patches are
+discussed and reviewed.
+More information about the Git mailing list and instructions to subscribe can
+be found [here](
+## Sending your changes
+Since the development happens over email, you need to send in your commits in
+text format. Commits can be converted to emails via the two tools provided by
+Git: `git-send-email` and `git-format-patch`.
+You can use `git-format-patch` to generate patches in mbox format from your
+commits that can then be sent via email. Let's say you are working on a branch
+called 'foo' that was created on top of 'master'. You can run:
+git format-patch -o output_dir
+to convert all the extra commits in 'foo' into a set of patches saved in the
+folder `output_dir`.
+If you are sending multiple patches, it is recommended to include a cover
+letter. A cover letter is an email explaining in brief what the series is
+supposed to do. A cover letter template can be generated by passing
+`--cover-letter` to `git-format-patch`.
+After you send your patches, you might get a review suggesting some changes.
+Make those changes, and re-send your patch(es) in reply to the first patch of
+your initial version. Also please mention the version of the patch. This can be
+done by passing `-v X` to `git-format-patch`, where 'X' is the version number
+of the patch(es).
+### Using git-send-email
+You can use `git-send-email` to send patches generated via `git-format-patch`.
+While you can directly send patches via `git-send-email`, it is recommended
+that you first use `git-format-patch` to generate the emails, audit them, and
+then send them via `git-send-email`.
+A pretty good guide to configuring and using `git-send-email` can be found
+### Using your email client
+If your email client supports sending mbox format emails, you can use
+`git-format-patch` to get an mbox file for each commit, and then send them. If
+there is more than one patch in the series, then all patches after the first
+patch (or the cover letter) need to be sent as replies to the first.
+`git-send-email` does this by default.
+### Using GitGitGadget
+Since some people prefer a GitHub pull request based workflow, they can use
+[GitGitGadget]( to send in patches. The tool
+was originally written for sending patches to the Git project, but it now also
+supports sending patches for git-gui.
+Instructions for using GitGitGadget to send git-gui patches, courtesy of
+Johannes Schindelin:
+If you don't already have a fork of the [git/git](
+repo, you need to make one. Then clone your fork:
+git clone<your-username>/git
+Then add GitGitGadget as a remote:
+git remote add gitgitgadget
+Then fetch the git-gui branch:
+git fetch gitgitgadget git-gui/master
+Then create a new branch based on git-gui/master:
+git checkout -b <your-branch-name> git-gui/master
+Make whatever commits you need to, push them to your fork, and then head over
+to and open a Pull Request targeting
+GitGitGadget will welcome you with a (hopefully) helpful message.
+## Signing off
+You need to sign off your commits before sending them to the list. You can do
+that by passing the `-s` option to `git-commit`. You can also use the "Sign
+Off" option in Git GUI.
+A sign-off is a simple 'Signed-off-by: A U Thor \<\>' line at
+the end of the commit message, after your explanation of the commit.
+A sign-off means that you are legally allowed to send the code, and it serves
+as a certificate of origin. More information can be found at
+## Responding to review comments
+It is quite likely your patches will get review comments. Those comments are
+sent on the Git mailing list as replies to your patch, and you will usually be
+Cc'ed in those replies.
+You are expected to respond by either explaining your code further to convince
+the reviewer what you are doing is correct, or acknowledge the comments and
+re-send the patches with those comments addressed.
+Some tips for those not familiar with communication on a mailing list:
+- Use only plain text emails. No HTML at all.
+- Wrap lines at around 75 characters.
+- Do not send attachments. If you do need to send some files, consider using a
+ hosting service, and paste the link in your email.
+- Do not [top post](
+- Always "reply all". Keep all correspondents and the list in Cc. If you reply
+ directly to a reviewer, and not Cc the list, other people would not be able
+ to chime in.
diff --git a/git-gui/ b/git-gui/
index fd476b6..0d21f56 100755
--- a/git-gui/
+++ b/git-gui/
@@ -2736,10 +2736,18 @@ if {![is_bare]} {
if {[is_Windows]} {
+ # Use /git-bash.exe if available
+ set normalized [file normalize $::argv0]
+ regsub "/mingw../libexec/git-core/git-gui$" \
+ $normalized "/git-bash.exe" cmdLine
+ if {$cmdLine != $normalized && [file exists $cmdLine]} {
+ set cmdLine [list "Git Bash" $cmdLine &]
+ } else {
+ set cmdLine [list "Git Bash" bash --login -l &]
+ }
.mbar.repository add command \
-label [mc "Git Bash"] \
- -command {eval exec [auto_execok start] \
- [list "Git Bash" bash --login -l &]}
+ -command {eval exec [auto_execok start] $cmdLine}
if {[is_Windows] || ![is_bare]} {
@@ -3581,6 +3589,9 @@ $ui_diff tag conf d_s- \
$ui_diff tag conf d< \
-foreground orange \
-font font_diffbold
+$ui_diff tag conf d| \
+ -foreground orange \
+ -font font_diffbold
$ui_diff tag conf d= \
-foreground orange \
-font font_diffbold
diff --git a/git-gui/lib/diff.tcl b/git-gui/lib/diff.tcl
index 958a0fa..871ad48 100644
--- a/git-gui/lib/diff.tcl
+++ b/git-gui/lib/diff.tcl
@@ -270,19 +270,6 @@ proc show_other_diff {path w m cont_info} {
-proc get_conflict_marker_size {path} {
- set size 7
- catch {
- set fd_rc [eval [list git_read check-attr "conflict-marker-size" -- $path]]
- set ret [gets $fd_rc line]
- close $fd_rc
- if {$ret > 0} {
- regexp {.*: conflict-marker-size: (\d+)$} $line line size
- }
- }
- return $size
proc start_show_diff {cont_info {add_opts {}}} {
global file_states file_lists
global is_3way_diff is_submodule_diff diff_active repo_config
@@ -298,7 +285,7 @@ proc start_show_diff {cont_info {add_opts {}}} {
set is_submodule_diff 0
set diff_active 1
set current_diff_header {}
- set conflict_size [get_conflict_marker_size $path]
+ set conflict_size [gitattr $path conflict-marker-size 7]
set cmd [list]
if {$w eq $ui_index} {
@@ -360,6 +347,10 @@ proc start_show_diff {cont_info {add_opts {}}} {
set ::current_diff_inheader 1
+ # Detect pre-image lines of the diff3 conflict-style. They are just
+ # '++' lines which is not bijective. Thus, we need to maintain a state
+ # across lines.
+ set ::conflict_in_pre_image 0
fconfigure $fd \
-blocking 0 \
-encoding [get_path_encoding $path] \
@@ -462,11 +453,23 @@ proc read_diff {fd conflict_size cont_info} {
{--} {set tags d_--}
{++} {
set regexp [string map [list %conflict_size $conflict_size]\
- {^\+\+([<>=]){%conflict_size}(?: |$)}]
+ {^\+\+([<>=|]){%conflict_size}(?: |$)}]
if {[regexp $regexp $line _g op]} {
set is_conflict_diff 1
set line [string replace $line 0 1 { }]
set tags d$op
+ # The ||| conflict-marker marks the start of the pre-image.
+ # All those lines are also prefixed with '++'. Thus we need
+ # to maintain this state.
+ set ::conflict_in_pre_image [expr {$op eq {|}}]
+ } elseif {$::conflict_in_pre_image} {
+ # This is a pre-image line. It is the one which both sides
+ # are based on. As it has also the '++' line start, it is
+ # normally shown as 'added'. Invert this to '--' to make
+ # it a 'removed' line.
+ set line [string replace $line 0 1 {--}]
+ set tags d_--
} else {
set tags d_++
diff --git a/git-gui/po/ja.po b/git-gui/po/ja.po
index 208651c..2f61153 100644
--- a/git-gui/po/ja.po
+++ b/git-gui/po/ja.po
@@ -4,14 +4,15 @@
# しらいし ななこ <>, 2007.
# Satoshi Yasushima <>, 2016.
+# KIDANI Akito <>, 2019.
msgid ""
msgstr ""
"Project-Id-Version: git-gui\n"
"Report-Msgid-Bugs-To: \n"
"POT-Creation-Date: 2016-05-27 17:52+0900\n"
-"PO-Revision-Date: 2016-06-22 12:50+0900\n"
-"Last-Translator: Satoshi Yasushima <>\n"
+"PO-Revision-Date: 2019-10-13 23:20+0900\n"
+"Last-Translator: KIDANI Akito <>\n"
"Language-Team: Japanese\n"
"Language: ja\n"
"MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
@@ -661,7 +662,7 @@ msgstr ""
#: lib/merge.tcl:108
#, tcl-format
msgid "%s of %s"
-msgstr "%s の %s ブランチ"
+msgstr "%2$s の %1$s ブランチ"
#: lib/merge.tcl:122
#, tcl-format
@@ -956,7 +957,7 @@ msgstr "エラー: コマンドが失敗しました"
#: lib/checkout_op.tcl:85
#, tcl-format
msgid "Fetching %s from %s"
-msgstr "%s から %s をフェッチしています"
+msgstr "%2$s から %1$s をフェッチしています"
#: lib/checkout_op.tcl:133
#, tcl-format