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authorPete Wyckoff <pw@padd.com>2011-12-25 02:07:31 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2011-12-27 18:19:30 (GMT)
commit6679c34c47be19ba8e9ea72129dfe768a49c5ab4 (patch)
tree3462721cf6e527e32af4ab05eadaeba4f401c4ec /contrib/fast-import
parent9e602b24fb33621a01a07eb77c117647d43e224b (diff)
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git-p4: introduce asciidoc documentation
Add proper documentation for git-p4. Delete the old .txt documentation from contrib/fast-import. Cc: Frans Klaver <fransklaver@gmail.com> Cc: Luke Diamand <luke@diamand.org> Signed-off-by: Pete Wyckoff <pw@padd.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
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diff --git a/contrib/fast-import/git-p4.txt b/contrib/fast-import/git-p4.txt
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-git-p4 - Perforce <-> Git converter using git-fast-import
-
-Usage
-=====
-
-git-p4 can be used in two different ways:
-
-1) To import changes from Perforce to a Git repository, using "git-p4 sync".
-
-2) To submit changes from Git back to Perforce, using "git-p4 submit".
-
-Importing
-=========
-
-Simply start with
-
- git-p4 clone //depot/path/project
-
-or
-
- git-p4 clone //depot/path/project myproject
-
-This will:
-
-1) Create an empty git repository in a subdirectory called "project" (or
-"myproject" with the second command)
-
-2) Import the head revision from the given Perforce path into a git branch
-called "p4" (remotes/p4 actually)
-
-3) Create a master branch based on it and check it out.
-
-If you want the entire history (not just the head revision) then you can simply
-append a "@all" to the depot path:
-
- git-p4 clone //depot/project/main@all myproject
-
-
-
-If you want more control you can also use the git-p4 sync command directly:
-
- mkdir repo-git
- cd repo-git
- git init
- git-p4 sync //path/in/your/perforce/depot
-
-This will import the current head revision of the specified depot path into a
-"remotes/p4/master" branch of your git repository. You can use the
---branch=mybranch option to import into a different branch.
-
-If you want to import the entire history of a given depot path simply use:
-
- git-p4 sync //path/in/depot@all
-
-
-Note:
-
-To achieve optimal compression you may want to run 'git repack -a -d -f' after
-a big import. This may take a while.
-
-Incremental Imports
-===================
-
-After an initial import you can continue to synchronize your git repository
-with newer changes from the Perforce depot by just calling
-
- git-p4 sync
-
-in your git repository. By default the "remotes/p4/master" branch is updated.
-
-Advanced Setup
-==============
-
-Suppose you have a periodically updated git repository somewhere, containing a
-complete import of a Perforce project. This repository can be cloned and used
-with git-p4. When updating the cloned repository with the "sync" command,
-git-p4 will try to fetch changes from the original repository first. The git
-protocol used with this is usually faster than importing from Perforce
-directly.
-
-This behaviour can be disabled by setting the "git-p4.syncFromOrigin" git
-configuration variable to "false".
-
-Updating
-========
-
-A common working pattern is to fetch the latest changes from the Perforce depot
-and merge them with local uncommitted changes. The recommended way is to use
-git's rebase mechanism to preserve linear history. git-p4 provides a convenient
-
- git-p4 rebase
-
-command that calls git-p4 sync followed by git rebase to rebase the current
-working branch.
-
-Submitting
-==========
-
-git-p4 has support for submitting changes from a git repository back to the
-Perforce depot. This requires a Perforce checkout separate from your git
-repository. To submit all changes that are in the current git branch but not in
-the "p4" branch (or "origin" if "p4" doesn't exist) simply call
-
- git-p4 submit
-
-in your git repository. If you want to submit changes in a specific branch that
-is not your current git branch you can also pass that as an argument:
-
- git-p4 submit mytopicbranch
-
-You can override the reference branch with the --origin=mysourcebranch option.
-
-The Perforce changelists will be created with the user who ran git-p4. If you
-use --preserve-user then git-p4 will attempt to create Perforce changelists
-with the Perforce user corresponding to the git commit author. You need to
-have sufficient permissions within Perforce, and the git users need to have
-Perforce accounts. Permissions can be granted using 'p4 protect'.
-
-If a submit fails you may have to "p4 resolve" and submit manually. You can
-continue importing the remaining changes with
-
- git-p4 submit --continue
-
-Example
-=======
-
-# Clone a repository
- git-p4 clone //depot/path/project
-# Enter the newly cloned directory
- cd project
-# Do some work...
- vi foo.h
-# ... and commit locally to gi
- git commit foo.h
-# In the meantime somebody submitted changes to the Perforce depot. Rebase your latest
-# changes against the latest changes in Perforce:
- git-p4 rebase
-# Submit your locally committed changes back to Perforce
- git-p4 submit
-# ... and synchronize with Perforce
- git-p4 rebase
-
-
-Configuration parameters
-========================
-
-git-p4.user ($P4USER)
-
-Allows you to specify the username to use to connect to the Perforce repository.
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.user public
-
-git-p4.password ($P4PASS)
-
-Allows you to specify the password to use to connect to the Perforce repository.
-Warning this password will be visible on the command-line invocation of the p4 binary.
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.password public1234
-
-git-p4.port ($P4PORT)
-
-Specify the port to be used to contact the Perforce server. As this will be passed
-directly to the p4 binary, it may be in the format host:port as well.
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.port codes.zimbra.com:2666
-
-git-p4.host ($P4HOST)
-
-Specify the host to contact for a Perforce repository.
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.host perforce.example.com
-
-git-p4.client ($P4CLIENT)
-
-Specify the client name to use
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.client public-view
-
-git-p4.allowSubmit
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.allowSubmit false
-
-git-p4.syncFromOrigin
-
-A useful setup may be that you have a periodically updated git repository
-somewhere that contains a complete import of a Perforce project. That git
-repository can be used to clone the working repository from and one would
-import from Perforce directly after cloning using git-p4. If the connection to
-the Perforce server is slow and the working repository hasn't been synced for a
-while it may be desirable to fetch changes from the origin git repository using
-the efficient git protocol. git-p4 supports this setup by calling "git fetch origin"
-by default if there is an origin branch. You can disable this using:
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.syncFromOrigin false
-
-git-p4.useclientspec
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.useclientspec false
-
-The P4CLIENT environment variable should be correctly set for p4 to be
-able to find the relevant client. This client spec will be used to
-both filter the files cloned by git and set the directory layout as
-specified in the client (this implies --keep-path style semantics).
-
-git-p4.skipSubmitEdit
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.skipSubmitEdit false
-
-Normally, git-p4 invokes an editor after each commit is applied so
-that you can make changes to the submit message. Setting this
-variable to true will skip the editing step, submitting the change as is.
-
-git-p4.skipSubmitEditCheck
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.skipSubmitEditCheck false
-
-After the editor is invoked, git-p4 normally makes sure you saved the
-change description, as an indication that you did indeed read it over
-and edit it. You can quit without saving to abort the submit (or skip
-this change and continue). Setting this variable to true will cause
-git-p4 not to check if you saved the change description. This variable
-only matters if git-p4.skipSubmitEdit has not been set to true.
-
-git-p4.preserveUser
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.preserveUser false
-
-If true, attempt to preserve user names by modifying the p4 changelists. See
-the "--preserve-user" submit option.
-
-git-p4.allowMissingPerforceUsers
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.allowMissingP4Users false
-
-If git-p4 is setting the perforce user for a commit (--preserve-user) then
-if there is no perforce user corresponding to the git author, git-p4 will
-stop. With allowMissingPerforceUsers set to true, git-p4 will use the
-current user (i.e. the behavior without --preserve-user) and carry on with
-the perforce commit.
-
-git-p4.skipUserNameCheck
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.skipUserNameCheck false
-
-When submitting, git-p4 checks that the git commits are authored by the current
-p4 user, and warns if they are not. This disables the check.
-
-git-p4.detectRenames
-
-Detect renames when submitting changes to Perforce server. Will enable -M git
-argument. Can be optionally set to a number representing the threshold
-percentage value of the rename detection.
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.detectRenames true
- git config [--global] git-p4.detectRenames 50
-
-git-p4.detectCopies
-
-Detect copies when submitting changes to Perforce server. Will enable -C git
-argument. Can be optionally set to a number representing the threshold
-percentage value of the copy detection.
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.detectCopies true
- git config [--global] git-p4.detectCopies 80
-
-git-p4.detectCopiesHarder
-
-Detect copies even between files that did not change when submitting changes to
-Perforce server. Will enable --find-copies-harder git argument.
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.detectCopies true
-
-git-p4.branchUser
-
-Only use branch specifications defined by the selected username.
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.branchUser username
-
-git-p4.branchList
-
-List of branches to be imported when branch detection is enabled.
-
- git config [--global] git-p4.branchList main:branchA
- git config [--global] --add git-p4.branchList main:branchB
-
-Implementation Details...
-=========================
-
-* Changesets from Perforce are imported using git fast-import.
-* The import does not require anything from the Perforce client view as it just uses
- "p4 print //depot/path/file#revision" to get the actual file contents.
-* Every imported changeset has a special [git-p4...] line at the
- end of the log message that gives information about the corresponding
- Perforce change number and is also used by git-p4 itself to find out
- where to continue importing when doing incremental imports.
- Basically when syncing it extracts the perforce change number of the
- latest commit in the "p4" branch and uses "p4 changes //depot/path/...@changenum,#head"
- to find out which changes need to be imported.
-* git-p4 submit uses "git rev-list" to pick the commits between the "p4" branch
- and the current branch.
- The commits themselves are applied using git diff/format-patch ... | git apply
-