summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/contrib/examples
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorMiklos Vajna <vmiklos@frugalware.org>2008-07-07 17:24:20 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2008-07-08 00:50:01 (GMT)
commit1c7b76be7d620bbaf2e6b8417f04012326bbb9df (patch)
tree1245fa311746c7d0c0ec78a7d773a57edb5460a5 /contrib/examples
parent1c6669351a47c834cceb75d6044a1aae259fc69f (diff)
downloadgit-1c7b76be7d620bbaf2e6b8417f04012326bbb9df.zip
git-1c7b76be7d620bbaf2e6b8417f04012326bbb9df.tar.gz
git-1c7b76be7d620bbaf2e6b8417f04012326bbb9df.tar.bz2
Build in merge
Mentored-by: Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Miklos Vajna <vmiklos@frugalware.org> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'contrib/examples')
-rwxr-xr-xcontrib/examples/git-merge.sh554
1 files changed, 554 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/contrib/examples/git-merge.sh b/contrib/examples/git-merge.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..8026ccf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/examples/git-merge.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,554 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# Copyright (c) 2005 Junio C Hamano
+#
+
+OPTIONS_KEEPDASHDASH=
+OPTIONS_SPEC="\
+git-merge [options] <remote>...
+git-merge [options] <msg> HEAD <remote>
+--
+stat show a diffstat at the end of the merge
+n don't show a diffstat at the end of the merge
+summary (synonym to --stat)
+log add list of one-line log to merge commit message
+squash create a single commit instead of doing a merge
+commit perform a commit if the merge succeeds (default)
+ff allow fast forward (default)
+s,strategy= merge strategy to use
+m,message= message to be used for the merge commit (if any)
+"
+
+SUBDIRECTORY_OK=Yes
+. git-sh-setup
+require_work_tree
+cd_to_toplevel
+
+test -z "$(git ls-files -u)" ||
+ die "You are in the middle of a conflicted merge."
+
+LF='
+'
+
+all_strategies='recur recursive octopus resolve stupid ours subtree'
+default_twohead_strategies='recursive'
+default_octopus_strategies='octopus'
+no_fast_forward_strategies='subtree ours'
+no_trivial_strategies='recursive recur subtree ours'
+use_strategies=
+
+allow_fast_forward=t
+allow_trivial_merge=t
+squash= no_commit= log_arg=
+
+dropsave() {
+ rm -f -- "$GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD" "$GIT_DIR/MERGE_MSG" \
+ "$GIT_DIR/MERGE_STASH" || exit 1
+}
+
+savestate() {
+ # Stash away any local modifications.
+ git stash create >"$GIT_DIR/MERGE_STASH"
+}
+
+restorestate() {
+ if test -f "$GIT_DIR/MERGE_STASH"
+ then
+ git reset --hard $head >/dev/null
+ git stash apply $(cat "$GIT_DIR/MERGE_STASH")
+ git update-index --refresh >/dev/null
+ fi
+}
+
+finish_up_to_date () {
+ case "$squash" in
+ t)
+ echo "$1 (nothing to squash)" ;;
+ '')
+ echo "$1" ;;
+ esac
+ dropsave
+}
+
+squash_message () {
+ echo Squashed commit of the following:
+ echo
+ git log --no-merges --pretty=medium ^"$head" $remoteheads
+}
+
+finish () {
+ if test '' = "$2"
+ then
+ rlogm="$GIT_REFLOG_ACTION"
+ else
+ echo "$2"
+ rlogm="$GIT_REFLOG_ACTION: $2"
+ fi
+ case "$squash" in
+ t)
+ echo "Squash commit -- not updating HEAD"
+ squash_message >"$GIT_DIR/SQUASH_MSG"
+ ;;
+ '')
+ case "$merge_msg" in
+ '')
+ echo "No merge message -- not updating HEAD"
+ ;;
+ *)
+ git update-ref -m "$rlogm" HEAD "$1" "$head" || exit 1
+ git gc --auto
+ ;;
+ esac
+ ;;
+ esac
+ case "$1" in
+ '')
+ ;;
+ ?*)
+ if test "$show_diffstat" = t
+ then
+ # We want color (if set), but no pager
+ GIT_PAGER='' git diff --stat --summary -M "$head" "$1"
+ fi
+ ;;
+ esac
+
+ # Run a post-merge hook
+ if test -x "$GIT_DIR"/hooks/post-merge
+ then
+ case "$squash" in
+ t)
+ "$GIT_DIR"/hooks/post-merge 1
+ ;;
+ '')
+ "$GIT_DIR"/hooks/post-merge 0
+ ;;
+ esac
+ fi
+}
+
+merge_name () {
+ remote="$1"
+ rh=$(git rev-parse --verify "$remote^0" 2>/dev/null) || return
+ bh=$(git show-ref -s --verify "refs/heads/$remote" 2>/dev/null)
+ if test "$rh" = "$bh"
+ then
+ echo "$rh branch '$remote' of ."
+ elif truname=$(expr "$remote" : '\(.*\)~[1-9][0-9]*$') &&
+ git show-ref -q --verify "refs/heads/$truname" 2>/dev/null
+ then
+ echo "$rh branch '$truname' (early part) of ."
+ elif test "$remote" = "FETCH_HEAD" -a -r "$GIT_DIR/FETCH_HEAD"
+ then
+ sed -e 's/ not-for-merge / /' -e 1q \
+ "$GIT_DIR/FETCH_HEAD"
+ else
+ echo "$rh commit '$remote'"
+ fi
+}
+
+parse_config () {
+ while test $# != 0; do
+ case "$1" in
+ -n|--no-stat|--no-summary)
+ show_diffstat=false ;;
+ --stat|--summary)
+ show_diffstat=t ;;
+ --log|--no-log)
+ log_arg=$1 ;;
+ --squash)
+ test "$allow_fast_forward" = t ||
+ die "You cannot combine --squash with --no-ff."
+ squash=t no_commit=t ;;
+ --no-squash)
+ squash= no_commit= ;;
+ --commit)
+ no_commit= ;;
+ --no-commit)
+ no_commit=t ;;
+ --ff)
+ allow_fast_forward=t ;;
+ --no-ff)
+ test "$squash" != t ||
+ die "You cannot combine --squash with --no-ff."
+ allow_fast_forward=f ;;
+ -s|--strategy)
+ shift
+ case " $all_strategies " in
+ *" $1 "*)
+ use_strategies="$use_strategies$1 " ;;
+ *)
+ die "available strategies are: $all_strategies" ;;
+ esac
+ ;;
+ -m|--message)
+ shift
+ merge_msg="$1"
+ have_message=t
+ ;;
+ --)
+ shift
+ break ;;
+ *) usage ;;
+ esac
+ shift
+ done
+ args_left=$#
+}
+
+test $# != 0 || usage
+
+have_message=
+
+if branch=$(git-symbolic-ref -q HEAD)
+then
+ mergeopts=$(git config "branch.${branch#refs/heads/}.mergeoptions")
+ if test -n "$mergeopts"
+ then
+ parse_config $mergeopts --
+ fi
+fi
+
+parse_config "$@"
+while test $args_left -lt $#; do shift; done
+
+if test -z "$show_diffstat"; then
+ test "$(git config --bool merge.diffstat)" = false && show_diffstat=false
+ test "$(git config --bool merge.stat)" = false && show_diffstat=false
+ test -z "$show_diffstat" && show_diffstat=t
+fi
+
+# This could be traditional "merge <msg> HEAD <commit>..." and the
+# way we can tell it is to see if the second token is HEAD, but some
+# people might have misused the interface and used a committish that
+# is the same as HEAD there instead. Traditional format never would
+# have "-m" so it is an additional safety measure to check for it.
+
+if test -z "$have_message" &&
+ second_token=$(git rev-parse --verify "$2^0" 2>/dev/null) &&
+ head_commit=$(git rev-parse --verify "HEAD" 2>/dev/null) &&
+ test "$second_token" = "$head_commit"
+then
+ merge_msg="$1"
+ shift
+ head_arg="$1"
+ shift
+elif ! git rev-parse --verify HEAD >/dev/null 2>&1
+then
+ # If the merged head is a valid one there is no reason to
+ # forbid "git merge" into a branch yet to be born. We do
+ # the same for "git pull".
+ if test 1 -ne $#
+ then
+ echo >&2 "Can merge only exactly one commit into empty head"
+ exit 1
+ fi
+
+ rh=$(git rev-parse --verify "$1^0") ||
+ die "$1 - not something we can merge"
+
+ git update-ref -m "initial pull" HEAD "$rh" "" &&
+ git read-tree --reset -u HEAD
+ exit
+
+else
+ # We are invoked directly as the first-class UI.
+ head_arg=HEAD
+
+ # All the rest are the commits being merged; prepare
+ # the standard merge summary message to be appended to
+ # the given message. If remote is invalid we will die
+ # later in the common codepath so we discard the error
+ # in this loop.
+ merge_name=$(for remote
+ do
+ merge_name "$remote"
+ done | git fmt-merge-msg $log_arg
+ )
+ merge_msg="${merge_msg:+$merge_msg$LF$LF}$merge_name"
+fi
+head=$(git rev-parse --verify "$head_arg"^0) || usage
+
+# All the rest are remote heads
+test "$#" = 0 && usage ;# we need at least one remote head.
+set_reflog_action "merge $*"
+
+remoteheads=
+for remote
+do
+ remotehead=$(git rev-parse --verify "$remote"^0 2>/dev/null) ||
+ die "$remote - not something we can merge"
+ remoteheads="${remoteheads}$remotehead "
+ eval GITHEAD_$remotehead='"$remote"'
+ export GITHEAD_$remotehead
+done
+set x $remoteheads ; shift
+
+case "$use_strategies" in
+'')
+ case "$#" in
+ 1)
+ var="`git config --get pull.twohead`"
+ if test -n "$var"
+ then
+ use_strategies="$var"
+ else
+ use_strategies="$default_twohead_strategies"
+ fi ;;
+ *)
+ var="`git config --get pull.octopus`"
+ if test -n "$var"
+ then
+ use_strategies="$var"
+ else
+ use_strategies="$default_octopus_strategies"
+ fi ;;
+ esac
+ ;;
+esac
+
+for s in $use_strategies
+do
+ for ss in $no_fast_forward_strategies
+ do
+ case " $s " in
+ *" $ss "*)
+ allow_fast_forward=f
+ break
+ ;;
+ esac
+ done
+ for ss in $no_trivial_strategies
+ do
+ case " $s " in
+ *" $ss "*)
+ allow_trivial_merge=f
+ break
+ ;;
+ esac
+ done
+done
+
+case "$#" in
+1)
+ common=$(git merge-base --all $head "$@")
+ ;;
+*)
+ common=$(git show-branch --merge-base $head "$@")
+ ;;
+esac
+echo "$head" >"$GIT_DIR/ORIG_HEAD"
+
+case "$allow_fast_forward,$#,$common,$no_commit" in
+?,*,'',*)
+ # No common ancestors found. We need a real merge.
+ ;;
+?,1,"$1",*)
+ # If head can reach all the merge then we are up to date.
+ # but first the most common case of merging one remote.
+ finish_up_to_date "Already up-to-date."
+ exit 0
+ ;;
+t,1,"$head",*)
+ # Again the most common case of merging one remote.
+ echo "Updating $(git rev-parse --short $head)..$(git rev-parse --short $1)"
+ git update-index --refresh 2>/dev/null
+ msg="Fast forward"
+ if test -n "$have_message"
+ then
+ msg="$msg (no commit created; -m option ignored)"
+ fi
+ new_head=$(git rev-parse --verify "$1^0") &&
+ git read-tree -v -m -u --exclude-per-directory=.gitignore $head "$new_head" &&
+ finish "$new_head" "$msg" || exit
+ dropsave
+ exit 0
+ ;;
+?,1,?*"$LF"?*,*)
+ # We are not doing octopus and not fast forward. Need a
+ # real merge.
+ ;;
+?,1,*,)
+ # We are not doing octopus, not fast forward, and have only
+ # one common.
+ git update-index --refresh 2>/dev/null
+ case "$allow_trivial_merge" in
+ t)
+ # See if it is really trivial.
+ git var GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT >/dev/null || exit
+ echo "Trying really trivial in-index merge..."
+ if git read-tree --trivial -m -u -v $common $head "$1" &&
+ result_tree=$(git write-tree)
+ then
+ echo "Wonderful."
+ result_commit=$(
+ printf '%s\n' "$merge_msg" |
+ git commit-tree $result_tree -p HEAD -p "$1"
+ ) || exit
+ finish "$result_commit" "In-index merge"
+ dropsave
+ exit 0
+ fi
+ echo "Nope."
+ esac
+ ;;
+*)
+ # An octopus. If we can reach all the remote we are up to date.
+ up_to_date=t
+ for remote
+ do
+ common_one=$(git merge-base --all $head $remote)
+ if test "$common_one" != "$remote"
+ then
+ up_to_date=f
+ break
+ fi
+ done
+ if test "$up_to_date" = t
+ then
+ finish_up_to_date "Already up-to-date. Yeeah!"
+ exit 0
+ fi
+ ;;
+esac
+
+# We are going to make a new commit.
+git var GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT >/dev/null || exit
+
+# At this point, we need a real merge. No matter what strategy
+# we use, it would operate on the index, possibly affecting the
+# working tree, and when resolved cleanly, have the desired tree
+# in the index -- this means that the index must be in sync with
+# the $head commit. The strategies are responsible to ensure this.
+
+case "$use_strategies" in
+?*' '?*)
+ # Stash away the local changes so that we can try more than one.
+ savestate
+ single_strategy=no
+ ;;
+*)
+ rm -f "$GIT_DIR/MERGE_STASH"
+ single_strategy=yes
+ ;;
+esac
+
+result_tree= best_cnt=-1 best_strategy= wt_strategy=
+merge_was_ok=
+for strategy in $use_strategies
+do
+ test "$wt_strategy" = '' || {
+ echo "Rewinding the tree to pristine..."
+ restorestate
+ }
+ case "$single_strategy" in
+ no)
+ echo "Trying merge strategy $strategy..."
+ ;;
+ esac
+
+ # Remember which strategy left the state in the working tree
+ wt_strategy=$strategy
+
+ git-merge-$strategy $common -- "$head_arg" "$@"
+ exit=$?
+ if test "$no_commit" = t && test "$exit" = 0
+ then
+ merge_was_ok=t
+ exit=1 ;# pretend it left conflicts.
+ fi
+
+ test "$exit" = 0 || {
+
+ # The backend exits with 1 when conflicts are left to be resolved,
+ # with 2 when it does not handle the given merge at all.
+
+ if test "$exit" -eq 1
+ then
+ cnt=`{
+ git diff-files --name-only
+ git ls-files --unmerged
+ } | wc -l`
+ if test $best_cnt -le 0 -o $cnt -le $best_cnt
+ then
+ best_strategy=$strategy
+ best_cnt=$cnt
+ fi
+ fi
+ continue
+ }
+
+ # Automerge succeeded.
+ result_tree=$(git write-tree) && break
+done
+
+# If we have a resulting tree, that means the strategy module
+# auto resolved the merge cleanly.
+if test '' != "$result_tree"
+then
+ if test "$allow_fast_forward" = "t"
+ then
+ parents=$(git show-branch --independent "$head" "$@")
+ else
+ parents=$(git rev-parse "$head" "$@")
+ fi
+ parents=$(echo "$parents" | sed -e 's/^/-p /')
+ result_commit=$(printf '%s\n' "$merge_msg" | git commit-tree $result_tree $parents) || exit
+ finish "$result_commit" "Merge made by $wt_strategy."
+ dropsave
+ exit 0
+fi
+
+# Pick the result from the best strategy and have the user fix it up.
+case "$best_strategy" in
+'')
+ restorestate
+ case "$use_strategies" in
+ ?*' '?*)
+ echo >&2 "No merge strategy handled the merge."
+ ;;
+ *)
+ echo >&2 "Merge with strategy $use_strategies failed."
+ ;;
+ esac
+ exit 2
+ ;;
+"$wt_strategy")
+ # We already have its result in the working tree.
+ ;;
+*)
+ echo "Rewinding the tree to pristine..."
+ restorestate
+ echo "Using the $best_strategy to prepare resolving by hand."
+ git-merge-$best_strategy $common -- "$head_arg" "$@"
+ ;;
+esac
+
+if test "$squash" = t
+then
+ finish
+else
+ for remote
+ do
+ echo $remote
+ done >"$GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD"
+ printf '%s\n' "$merge_msg" >"$GIT_DIR/MERGE_MSG"
+fi
+
+if test "$merge_was_ok" = t
+then
+ echo >&2 \
+ "Automatic merge went well; stopped before committing as requested"
+ exit 0
+else
+ {
+ echo '
+Conflicts:
+'
+ git ls-files --unmerged |
+ sed -e 's/^[^ ]* / /' |
+ uniq
+ } >>"$GIT_DIR/MERGE_MSG"
+ git rerere
+ die "Automatic merge failed; fix conflicts and then commit the result."
+fi