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authorJeff King <peff@peff.net>2014-08-27 17:01:28 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2014-08-27 17:42:16 (GMT)
commita8722750985a53cc502a66ae3d68a9e42c7fdb98 (patch)
tree31892a12522ed3f217be7a3ce96c4e5d2c3173be /builtin
parent6c4ab27f2378ce67940b4496365043119d7ffff2 (diff)
downloadgit-a8722750985a53cc502a66ae3d68a9e42c7fdb98.zip
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teach fast-export an --anonymize option
Sometimes users want to report a bug they experience on their repository, but they are not at liberty to share the contents of the repository. It would be useful if they could produce a repository that has a similar shape to its history and tree, but without leaking any information. This "anonymized" repository could then be shared with developers (assuming it still replicates the original problem). This patch implements an "--anonymize" option to fast-export, which generates a stream that can recreate such a repository. Producing a single stream makes it easy for the caller to verify that they are not leaking any useful information. You can get an overview of what will be shared by running a command like: git fast-export --anonymize --all | perl -pe 's/\d+/X/g' | sort -u | less which will show every unique line we generate, modulo any numbers (each anonymized token is assigned a number, like "User 0", and we replace it consistently in the output). In addition to anonymizing, this produces test cases that are relatively small (compared to the original repository) and fast to generate (compared to using filter-branch, or modifying the output of fast-export yourself). Here are numbers for git.git: $ time git fast-export --anonymize --all \ --tag-of-filtered-object=drop >output real 0m2.883s user 0m2.828s sys 0m0.052s $ gzip output $ ls -lh output.gz | awk '{print $5}' 2.9M Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'builtin')
-rw-r--r--builtin/fast-export.c300
1 files changed, 289 insertions, 11 deletions
diff --git a/builtin/fast-export.c b/builtin/fast-export.c
index 92b4624..b8182c2 100644
--- a/builtin/fast-export.c
+++ b/builtin/fast-export.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include "parse-options.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "remote.h"
+#include "blob.h"
static const char *fast_export_usage[] = {
N_("git fast-export [rev-list-opts]"),
@@ -34,6 +35,7 @@ static int full_tree;
static struct string_list extra_refs = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;
static struct refspec *refspecs;
static int refspecs_nr;
+static int anonymize;
static int parse_opt_signed_tag_mode(const struct option *opt,
const char *arg, int unset)
@@ -81,6 +83,76 @@ static int has_unshown_parent(struct commit *commit)
return 0;
}
+struct anonymized_entry {
+ struct hashmap_entry hash;
+ const char *orig;
+ size_t orig_len;
+ const char *anon;
+ size_t anon_len;
+};
+
+static int anonymized_entry_cmp(const void *va, const void *vb,
+ const void *data)
+{
+ const struct anonymized_entry *a = va, *b = vb;
+ return a->orig_len != b->orig_len ||
+ memcmp(a->orig, b->orig, a->orig_len);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Basically keep a cache of X->Y so that we can repeatedly replace
+ * the same anonymized string with another. The actual generation
+ * is farmed out to the generate function.
+ */
+static const void *anonymize_mem(struct hashmap *map,
+ void *(*generate)(const void *, size_t *),
+ const void *orig, size_t *len)
+{
+ struct anonymized_entry key, *ret;
+
+ if (!map->cmpfn)
+ hashmap_init(map, anonymized_entry_cmp, 0);
+
+ hashmap_entry_init(&key, memhash(orig, *len));
+ key.orig = orig;
+ key.orig_len = *len;
+ ret = hashmap_get(map, &key, NULL);
+
+ if (!ret) {
+ ret = xmalloc(sizeof(*ret));
+ hashmap_entry_init(&ret->hash, key.hash.hash);
+ ret->orig = xstrdup(orig);
+ ret->orig_len = *len;
+ ret->anon = generate(orig, len);
+ ret->anon_len = *len;
+ hashmap_put(map, ret);
+ }
+
+ *len = ret->anon_len;
+ return ret->anon;
+}
+
+/*
+ * We anonymize each component of a path individually,
+ * so that paths a/b and a/c will share a common root.
+ * The paths are cached via anonymize_mem so that repeated
+ * lookups for "a" will yield the same value.
+ */
+static void anonymize_path(struct strbuf *out, const char *path,
+ struct hashmap *map,
+ void *(*generate)(const void *, size_t *))
+{
+ while (*path) {
+ const char *end_of_component = strchrnul(path, '/');
+ size_t len = end_of_component - path;
+ const char *c = anonymize_mem(map, generate, path, &len);
+ strbuf_add(out, c, len);
+ path = end_of_component;
+ if (*path)
+ strbuf_addch(out, *path++);
+ }
+}
+
/* Since intptr_t is C99, we do not use it here */
static inline uint32_t *mark_to_ptr(uint32_t mark)
{
@@ -119,6 +191,26 @@ static void show_progress(void)
printf("progress %d objects\n", counter);
}
+/*
+ * Ideally we would want some transformation of the blob data here
+ * that is unreversible, but would still be the same size and have
+ * the same data relationship to other blobs (so that we get the same
+ * delta and packing behavior as the original). But the first and last
+ * requirements there are probably mutually exclusive, so let's take
+ * the easy way out for now, and just generate arbitrary content.
+ *
+ * There's no need to cache this result with anonymize_mem, since
+ * we already handle blob content caching with marks.
+ */
+static char *anonymize_blob(unsigned long *size)
+{
+ static int counter;
+ struct strbuf out = STRBUF_INIT;
+ strbuf_addf(&out, "anonymous blob %d", counter++);
+ *size = out.len;
+ return strbuf_detach(&out, NULL);
+}
+
static void export_blob(const unsigned char *sha1)
{
unsigned long size;
@@ -137,12 +229,19 @@ static void export_blob(const unsigned char *sha1)
if (object && object->flags & SHOWN)
return;
- buf = read_sha1_file(sha1, &type, &size);
- if (!buf)
- die ("Could not read blob %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
- if (check_sha1_signature(sha1, buf, size, typename(type)) < 0)
- die("sha1 mismatch in blob %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
- object = parse_object_buffer(sha1, type, size, buf, &eaten);
+ if (anonymize) {
+ buf = anonymize_blob(&size);
+ object = (struct object *)lookup_blob(sha1);
+ eaten = 0;
+ } else {
+ buf = read_sha1_file(sha1, &type, &size);
+ if (!buf)
+ die ("Could not read blob %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
+ if (check_sha1_signature(sha1, buf, size, typename(type)) < 0)
+ die("sha1 mismatch in blob %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
+ object = parse_object_buffer(sha1, type, size, buf, &eaten);
+ }
+
if (!object)
die("Could not read blob %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
@@ -190,7 +289,7 @@ static int depth_first(const void *a_, const void *b_)
return (a->status == 'R') - (b->status == 'R');
}
-static void print_path(const char *path)
+static void print_path_1(const char *path)
{
int need_quote = quote_c_style(path, NULL, NULL, 0);
if (need_quote)
@@ -201,6 +300,43 @@ static void print_path(const char *path)
printf("%s", path);
}
+static void *anonymize_path_component(const void *path, size_t *len)
+{
+ static int counter;
+ struct strbuf out = STRBUF_INIT;
+ strbuf_addf(&out, "path%d", counter++);
+ return strbuf_detach(&out, len);
+}
+
+static void print_path(const char *path)
+{
+ if (!anonymize)
+ print_path_1(path);
+ else {
+ static struct hashmap paths;
+ static struct strbuf anon = STRBUF_INIT;
+
+ anonymize_path(&anon, path, &paths, anonymize_path_component);
+ print_path_1(anon.buf);
+ strbuf_reset(&anon);
+ }
+}
+
+static void *generate_fake_sha1(const void *old, size_t *len)
+{
+ static uint32_t counter = 1; /* avoid null sha1 */
+ unsigned char *out = xcalloc(20, 1);
+ put_be32(out + 16, counter++);
+ return out;
+}
+
+static const unsigned char *anonymize_sha1(const unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+ static struct hashmap sha1s;
+ size_t len = 20;
+ return anonymize_mem(&sha1s, generate_fake_sha1, sha1, &len);
+}
+
static void show_filemodify(struct diff_queue_struct *q,
struct diff_options *options, void *data)
{
@@ -245,7 +381,9 @@ static void show_filemodify(struct diff_queue_struct *q,
*/
if (no_data || S_ISGITLINK(spec->mode))
printf("M %06o %s ", spec->mode,
- sha1_to_hex(spec->sha1));
+ sha1_to_hex(anonymize ?
+ anonymize_sha1(spec->sha1) :
+ spec->sha1));
else {
struct object *object = lookup_object(spec->sha1);
printf("M %06o :%d ", spec->mode,
@@ -279,6 +417,114 @@ static const char *find_encoding(const char *begin, const char *end)
return bol;
}
+static void *anonymize_ref_component(const void *old, size_t *len)
+{
+ static int counter;
+ struct strbuf out = STRBUF_INIT;
+ strbuf_addf(&out, "ref%d", counter++);
+ return strbuf_detach(&out, len);
+}
+
+static const char *anonymize_refname(const char *refname)
+{
+ /*
+ * If any of these prefixes is found, we will leave it intact
+ * so that tags remain tags and so forth.
+ */
+ static const char *prefixes[] = {
+ "refs/heads/",
+ "refs/tags/",
+ "refs/remotes/",
+ "refs/"
+ };
+ static struct hashmap refs;
+ static struct strbuf anon = STRBUF_INIT;
+ int i;
+
+ /*
+ * We also leave "master" as a special case, since it does not reveal
+ * anything interesting.
+ */
+ if (!strcmp(refname, "refs/heads/master"))
+ return refname;
+
+ strbuf_reset(&anon);
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(prefixes); i++) {
+ if (skip_prefix(refname, prefixes[i], &refname)) {
+ strbuf_addstr(&anon, prefixes[i]);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ anonymize_path(&anon, refname, &refs, anonymize_ref_component);
+ return anon.buf;
+}
+
+/*
+ * We do not even bother to cache commit messages, as they are unlikely
+ * to be repeated verbatim, and it is not that interesting when they are.
+ */
+static char *anonymize_commit_message(const char *old)
+{
+ static int counter;
+ return xstrfmt("subject %d\n\nbody\n", counter++);
+}
+
+static struct hashmap idents;
+static void *anonymize_ident(const void *old, size_t *len)
+{
+ static int counter;
+ struct strbuf out = STRBUF_INIT;
+ strbuf_addf(&out, "User %d <user%d@example.com>", counter, counter);
+ counter++;
+ return strbuf_detach(&out, len);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Our strategy here is to anonymize the names and email addresses,
+ * but keep timestamps intact, as they influence things like traversal
+ * order (and by themselves should not be too revealing).
+ */
+static void anonymize_ident_line(const char **beg, const char **end)
+{
+ static struct strbuf buffers[] = { STRBUF_INIT, STRBUF_INIT };
+ static unsigned which_buffer;
+
+ struct strbuf *out;
+ struct ident_split split;
+ const char *end_of_header;
+
+ out = &buffers[which_buffer++];
+ which_buffer %= ARRAY_SIZE(buffers);
+ strbuf_reset(out);
+
+ /* skip "committer", "author", "tagger", etc */
+ end_of_header = strchr(*beg, ' ');
+ if (!end_of_header)
+ die("BUG: malformed line fed to anonymize_ident_line: %.*s",
+ (int)(*end - *beg), *beg);
+ end_of_header++;
+ strbuf_add(out, *beg, end_of_header - *beg);
+
+ if (!split_ident_line(&split, end_of_header, *end - end_of_header) &&
+ split.date_begin) {
+ const char *ident;
+ size_t len;
+
+ len = split.mail_end - split.name_begin;
+ ident = anonymize_mem(&idents, anonymize_ident,
+ split.name_begin, &len);
+ strbuf_add(out, ident, len);
+ strbuf_addch(out, ' ');
+ strbuf_add(out, split.date_begin, split.tz_end - split.date_begin);
+ } else {
+ strbuf_addstr(out, "Malformed Ident <malformed@example.com> 0 -0000");
+ }
+
+ *beg = out->buf;
+ *end = out->buf + out->len;
+}
+
static void handle_commit(struct commit *commit, struct rev_info *rev)
{
int saved_output_format = rev->diffopt.output_format;
@@ -287,6 +533,7 @@ static void handle_commit(struct commit *commit, struct rev_info *rev)
const char *encoding, *message;
char *reencoded = NULL;
struct commit_list *p;
+ const char *refname;
int i;
rev->diffopt.output_format = DIFF_FORMAT_CALLBACK;
@@ -326,13 +573,22 @@ static void handle_commit(struct commit *commit, struct rev_info *rev)
if (!S_ISGITLINK(diff_queued_diff.queue[i]->two->mode))
export_blob(diff_queued_diff.queue[i]->two->sha1);
+ refname = commit->util;
+ if (anonymize) {
+ refname = anonymize_refname(refname);
+ anonymize_ident_line(&committer, &committer_end);
+ anonymize_ident_line(&author, &author_end);
+ }
+
mark_next_object(&commit->object);
- if (!is_encoding_utf8(encoding))
+ if (anonymize)
+ reencoded = anonymize_commit_message(message);
+ else if (!is_encoding_utf8(encoding))
reencoded = reencode_string(message, "UTF-8", encoding);
if (!commit->parents)
- printf("reset %s\n", (const char*)commit->util);
+ printf("reset %s\n", refname);
printf("commit %s\nmark :%"PRIu32"\n%.*s\n%.*s\ndata %u\n%s",
- (const char *)commit->util, last_idnum,
+ refname, last_idnum,
(int)(author_end - author), author,
(int)(committer_end - committer), committer,
(unsigned)(reencoded
@@ -363,6 +619,14 @@ static void handle_commit(struct commit *commit, struct rev_info *rev)
show_progress();
}
+static void *anonymize_tag(const void *old, size_t *len)
+{
+ static int counter;
+ struct strbuf out = STRBUF_INIT;
+ strbuf_addf(&out, "tag message %d", counter++);
+ return strbuf_detach(&out, len);
+}
+
static void handle_tail(struct object_array *commits, struct rev_info *revs)
{
struct commit *commit;
@@ -419,6 +683,17 @@ static void handle_tag(const char *name, struct tag *tag)
} else {
tagger++;
tagger_end = strchrnul(tagger, '\n');
+ if (anonymize)
+ anonymize_ident_line(&tagger, &tagger_end);
+ }
+
+ if (anonymize) {
+ name = anonymize_refname(name);
+ if (message) {
+ static struct hashmap tags;
+ message = anonymize_mem(&tags, anonymize_tag,
+ message, &message_size);
+ }
}
/* handle signed tags */
@@ -584,6 +859,8 @@ static void handle_tags_and_duplicates(void)
handle_tag(name, (struct tag *)object);
break;
case OBJ_COMMIT:
+ if (anonymize)
+ name = anonymize_refname(name);
/* create refs pointing to already seen commits */
commit = (struct commit *)object;
printf("reset %s\nfrom :%d\n\n", name,
@@ -719,6 +996,7 @@ int cmd_fast_export(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
OPT_BOOL(0, "no-data", &no_data, N_("Skip output of blob data")),
OPT_STRING_LIST(0, "refspec", &refspecs_list, N_("refspec"),
N_("Apply refspec to exported refs")),
+ OPT_BOOL(0, "anonymize", &anonymize, N_("anonymize output")),
OPT_END()
};