path: root/builtin/rev-parse.c
diff options
authorJohannes Schindelin <>2017-02-17 16:59:06 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2017-02-17 18:21:54 (GMT)
commit098aa867626ef2444ef14a92b428a6ca26d83e60 (patch)
tree8c1b47f91969e108c11c4d0a7dbae5bd9fac1d8f /builtin/rev-parse.c
parent5de8a549b4e7cdaccfd343bf5b0a0dc18becec32 (diff)
rev-parse: fix several options when running in a subdirectory
In addition to making git_path() aware of certain file names that need to be handled differently e.g. when running in worktrees, the commit 557bd833bb (git_path(): be aware of file relocation in $GIT_DIR, 2014-11-30) also snuck in a new option for `git rev-parse`: `--git-path`. On the face of it, there is no obvious bug in that commit's diff: it faithfully calls git_path() on the argument and prints it out, i.e. `git rev-parse --git-path <filename>` has the same precise behavior as calling `git_path("<filename>")` in C. The problem lies deeper, much deeper. In hindsight (which is always unfair), implementing the .git/ directory discovery in `setup_git_directory()` by changing the working directory may have allowed us to avoid passing around a struct that contains information about the current repository, but it bought us many, many problems. In this case, when being called in a subdirectory, `git rev-parse` changes the working directory to the top-level directory before calling `git_path()`. In the new working directory, the result is correct. But in the working directory of the calling script, it is incorrect. Example: when calling `git rev-parse --git-path HEAD` in, say, the Documentation/ subdirectory of Git's own source code, the string `.git/HEAD` is printed. Side note: that bug is hidden when running in a subdirectory of a worktree that was added by the `git worktree` command: in that case, the (correct) absolute path of the `HEAD` file is printed. In the interest of time, this patch does not go the "correct" route to introduce a struct with repository information (and removing global state in the process), instead this patch chooses to detect when the command was called in a subdirectory and forces the result to be an absolute path. While at it, we are also fixing the output of --git-common-dir and --shared-index-path. Lastly, please note that we reuse the same strbuf for all of the relative_path() calls; this avoids frequent allocation (and duplicated code), and it does not risk memory leaks, for two reasons: 1) the cmd_rev_parse() function does not return anywhere between the use of the new strbuf instance and its final release, and 2) git-rev-parse is one of these "one-shot" programs in Git, i.e. it exits after running for a very short time, meaning that all allocated memory is released with the exit() call anyway. Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
Diffstat (limited to 'builtin/rev-parse.c')
1 files changed, 11 insertions, 4 deletions
diff --git a/builtin/rev-parse.c b/builtin/rev-parse.c
index ff13e59..2cfd8d2 100644
--- a/builtin/rev-parse.c
+++ b/builtin/rev-parse.c
@@ -545,6 +545,7 @@ int cmd_rev_parse(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
unsigned int flags = 0;
const char *name = NULL;
struct object_context unused;
+ struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
if (argc > 1 && !strcmp("--parseopt", argv[1]))
return cmd_parseopt(argc - 1, argv + 1, prefix);
@@ -599,7 +600,9 @@ int cmd_rev_parse(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
if (!strcmp(arg, "--git-path")) {
if (!argv[i + 1])
die("--git-path requires an argument");
- puts(git_path("%s", argv[i + 1]));
+ strbuf_reset(&buf);
+ puts(relative_path(git_path("%s", argv[i + 1]),
+ prefix, &buf));
@@ -821,8 +824,9 @@ int cmd_rev_parse(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
if (!strcmp(arg, "--git-common-dir")) {
- const char *pfx = prefix ? prefix : "";
- puts(prefix_filename(pfx, strlen(pfx), get_git_common_dir()));
+ strbuf_reset(&buf);
+ puts(relative_path(get_git_common_dir(),
+ prefix, &buf));
if (!strcmp(arg, "--is-inside-git-dir")) {
@@ -845,7 +849,9 @@ int cmd_rev_parse(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
die(_("Could not read the index"));
if (the_index.split_index) {
const unsigned char *sha1 = the_index.split_index->base_sha1;
- puts(git_path("sharedindex.%s", sha1_to_hex(sha1)));
+ const char *path = git_path("sharedindex.%s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
+ strbuf_reset(&buf);
+ puts(relative_path(path, prefix, &buf));
@@ -897,6 +903,7 @@ int cmd_rev_parse(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
verify_filename(prefix, arg, 1);
+ strbuf_release(&buf);
if (verify) {
if (revs_count == 1) {
show_rev(type, sha1, name);