path: root/builtin/prune.c
diff options
authorJeff King <>2014-10-15 22:41:35 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2014-10-16 17:10:42 (GMT)
commitd3038d22f91aad9620bd8e6fc43fc67c16219738 (patch)
tree1f078433287962db85aa5cd8d61003037e989d02 /builtin/prune.c
parent660c889e46d185dc98ba78963528826728b0a55d (diff)
prune: keep objects reachable from recent objects
Our current strategy with prune is that an object falls into one of three categories: 1. Reachable (from ref tips, reflogs, index, etc). 2. Not reachable, but recent (based on the --expire time). 3. Not reachable and not recent. We keep objects from (1) and (2), but prune objects in (3). The point of (2) is that these objects may be part of an in-progress operation that has not yet updated any refs. However, it is not always the case that objects for an in-progress operation will have a recent mtime. For example, the object database may have an old copy of a blob (from an abandoned operation, a branch that was deleted, etc). If we create a new tree that points to it, a simultaneous prune will leave our tree, but delete the blob. Referencing that tree with a commit will then work (we check that the tree is in the object database, but not that all of its referred objects are), as will mentioning the commit in a ref. But the resulting repo is corrupt; we are missing the blob reachable from a ref. One way to solve this is to be more thorough when referencing a sha1: make sure that not only do we have that sha1, but that we have objects it refers to, and so forth recursively. The problem is that this is very expensive. Creating a parent link would require traversing the entire object graph! Instead, this patch pushes the extra work onto prune, which runs less frequently (and has to look at the whole object graph anyway). It creates a new category of objects: objects which are not recent, but which are reachable from a recent object. We do not prune these objects, just like the reachable and recent ones. This lets us avoid the recursive check above, because if we have an object, even if it is unreachable, we should have its referent. We can make a simple inductive argument that with this patch, this property holds (that there are no objects with missing referents in the repository): 0. When we have no objects, we have nothing to refer or be referred to, so the property holds. 1. If we add objects to the repository, their direct referents must generally exist (e.g., if you create a tree, the blobs it references must exist; if you create a commit to point at the tree, the tree must exist). This is already the case before this patch. And it is not 100% foolproof (you can make bogus objects using `git hash-object`, for example), but it should be the case for normal usage. Therefore for any sequence of object additions, the property will continue to hold. 2. If we remove objects from the repository, then we will not remove a child object (like a blob) if an object that refers to it is being kept. That is the part implemented by this patch. Note, however, that our reachability check and the actual pruning are not atomic. So it _is_ still possible to violate the property (e.g., an object becomes referenced just as we are deleting it). This patch is shooting for eliminating problems where the mtimes of dependent objects differ by hours or days, and one is dropped without the other. It does nothing to help with short races. Naively, the simplest way to implement this would be to add all recent objects as tips to the reachability traversal. However, this does not perform well. In a recently-packed repository, all reachable objects will also be recent, and therefore we have to look at each object twice. This patch instead performs the reachability traversal, then follows up with a second traversal for recent objects, skipping any that have already been marked. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
Diffstat (limited to 'builtin/prune.c')
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/builtin/prune.c b/builtin/prune.c
index 763f53e..04d3b12 100644
--- a/builtin/prune.c
+++ b/builtin/prune.c
@@ -135,7 +135,7 @@ int cmd_prune(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
if (show_progress)
progress = start_progress_delay(_("Checking connectivity"), 0, 0, 2);
- mark_reachable_objects(&revs, 1, progress);
+ mark_reachable_objects(&revs, 1, expire, progress);
for_each_loose_file_in_objdir(get_object_directory(), prune_object,
prune_cruft, prune_subdir, NULL);