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authorJeff King <peff@peff.net>2015-06-23 10:53:58 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2015-06-25 00:09:08 (GMT)
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parentdf97e5dfeaea093e50afc15e44a23dfd3fa02502 (diff)
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introduce "extensions" form of core.repositoryformatversion
Normally we try to avoid bumps of the whole-repository core.repositoryformatversion field. However, it is unavoidable if we want to safely change certain aspects of git in a backwards-incompatible way (e.g., modifying the set of ref tips that we must traverse to generate a list of unreachable, safe-to-prune objects). If we were to bump the repository version for every such change, then any implementation understanding version `X` would also have to understand `X-1`, `X-2`, and so forth, even though the incompatibilities may be in orthogonal parts of the system, and there is otherwise no reason we cannot implement one without the other (or more importantly, that the user cannot choose to use one feature without the other, weighing the tradeoff in compatibility only for that particular feature). This patch documents the existing repositoryformatversion strategy and introduces a new format, "1", which lets a repository specify that it must run with an arbitrary set of extensions. This can be used, for example: - to inform git that the objects should not be pruned based only on the reachability of the ref tips (e.g, because it has "clone --shared" children) - that the refs are stored in a format besides the usual "refs" and "packed-refs" directories Because we bump to format "1", and because format "1" requires that a running git knows about any extensions mentioned, we know that older versions of the code will not do something dangerous when confronted with these new formats. For example, if the user chooses to use database storage for refs, they may set the "extensions.refbackend" config to "db". Older versions of git will not understand format "1" and bail. Versions of git which understand "1" but do not know about "refbackend", or which know about "refbackend" but not about the "db" backend, will refuse to run. This is annoying, of course, but much better than the alternative of claiming that there are no refs in the repository, or writing to a location that other implementations will not read. Note that we are only defining the rules for format 1 here. We do not ever write format 1 ourselves; it is a tool that is meant to be used by users and future extensions to provide safety with older implementations. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
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