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authorFredrik Kuivinen <freku045@student.liu.se>2006-02-20 23:40:54 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>2006-02-21 08:54:34 (GMT)
commitcbfb73d73f272f194bafa70d5be1f35abc265c79 (patch)
tree9c2cf082186d893326e219082dd145e177b359ee /blame.c
parent664368886781b7c070233c002597b84628eec571 (diff)
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Add git-blame, a tool for assigning blame.
I have also been working on a blame program. The algorithm is pretty much the one described by Junio in his blame.perl. My variant doesn't handle renames, but it shouldn't be too hard to add that. The output is minimal, just the line number followed by the commit SHA1. An interesting observation is that the output from my git-blame and your git-annotate doesn't match on all files in the git repository. One example where several lines differ is read-cache.c. I haven't investigated it further to find out which one is correct. The code should be considered as a work in progress. It certainly has a couple of rough edges. The output looks fairly sane on the few files I have tested it on, but it wouldn't be too surprising if it gets some cases wrong. [jc: adding it to pu for wider comments. I did minimum whitespace fixups but it still needs an indent run and -Wdeclaration-after-statement fixups.] Signed-off-by: Fredrik Kuivinen <freku045@student.liu.se> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'blame.c')
-rw-r--r--blame.c443
1 files changed, 443 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/blame.c b/blame.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1e65546
--- /dev/null
+++ b/blame.c
@@ -0,0 +1,443 @@
+#include <assert.h>
+
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "refs.h"
+#include "tag.h"
+#include "commit.h"
+#include "tree.h"
+#include "blob.h"
+#include "epoch.h"
+#include "diff.h"
+
+#define DEBUG 0
+
+struct commit** blame_lines;
+int num_blame_lines;
+
+struct util_info
+{
+ int* line_map;
+ int num_lines;
+ unsigned char sha1[20]; /* blob sha, not commit! */
+ char* buf;
+ unsigned long size;
+// const char* path;
+};
+
+struct chunk
+{
+ int off1, len1; // ---
+ int off2, len2; // +++
+};
+
+struct patch
+{
+ struct chunk* chunks;
+ int num;
+};
+
+static void get_blob(struct commit* commit);
+
+int num_get_patch = 0;
+int num_commits = 0;
+
+struct patch* get_patch(struct commit* commit, struct commit* other)
+{
+ struct patch* ret = xmalloc(sizeof(struct patch));
+ ret->chunks = NULL;
+ ret->num = 0;
+
+ struct util_info* info_c = (struct util_info*) commit->object.util;
+ struct util_info* info_o = (struct util_info*) other->object.util;
+
+ if(!memcmp(info_c->sha1, info_o->sha1, 20))
+ return ret;
+
+ get_blob(commit);
+ get_blob(other);
+
+ FILE* fout = fopen("/tmp/git-blame-tmp1", "w");
+ if(!fout)
+ die("fopen tmp1 failed: %s", strerror(errno));
+
+ if(fwrite(info_c->buf, info_c->size, 1, fout) != 1)
+ die("fwrite 1 failed: %s", strerror(errno));
+ fclose(fout);
+
+ fout = fopen("/tmp/git-blame-tmp2", "w");
+ if(!fout)
+ die("fopen tmp2 failed: %s", strerror(errno));
+
+ if(fwrite(info_o->buf, info_o->size, 1, fout) != 1)
+ die("fwrite 2 failed: %s", strerror(errno));
+ fclose(fout);
+
+ FILE* fin = popen("diff -u0 /tmp/git-blame-tmp1 /tmp/git-blame-tmp2", "r");
+ if(!fin)
+ die("popen failed: %s", strerror(errno));
+
+ char buf[1024];
+ while(fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), fin)) {
+ if(buf[0] != '@' || buf[1] != '@')
+ continue;
+
+ if(DEBUG)
+ printf("chunk line: %s", buf);
+ ret->num++;
+ ret->chunks = xrealloc(ret->chunks, sizeof(struct chunk)*ret->num);
+ struct chunk* chunk = &ret->chunks[ret->num-1];
+
+ assert(!strncmp(buf, "@@ -", 4));
+
+ char* start = buf+4;
+ char* sp = index(start, ' ');
+ *sp = '\0';
+ if(index(start, ',')) {
+ int ret = sscanf(start, "%d,%d", &chunk->off1, &chunk->len1);
+ assert(ret == 2);
+ } else {
+ int ret = sscanf(start, "%d", &chunk->off1);
+ assert(ret == 1);
+ chunk->len1 = 1;
+ }
+ *sp = ' ';
+
+ start = sp+1;
+ sp = index(start, ' ');
+ *sp = '\0';
+ if(index(start, ',')) {
+ int ret = sscanf(start, "%d,%d", &chunk->off2, &chunk->len2);
+ assert(ret == 2);
+ } else {
+ int ret = sscanf(start, "%d", &chunk->off2);
+ assert(ret == 1);
+ chunk->len2 = 1;
+ }
+ *sp = ' ';
+
+ if(chunk->off1 > 0)
+ chunk->off1 -= 1;
+ if(chunk->off2 > 0)
+ chunk->off2 -= 1;
+
+ assert(chunk->off1 >= 0);
+ assert(chunk->off2 >= 0);
+ }
+ fclose(fin);
+
+ num_get_patch++;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+void free_patch(struct patch* p)
+{
+ free(p->chunks);
+ free(p);
+}
+
+static int get_blob_sha1_internal(unsigned char *sha1, const char *base, int baselen,
+ const char *pathname, unsigned mode, int stage);
+
+
+static unsigned char blob_sha1[20];
+static int get_blob_sha1(struct tree* t, const char* pathname, unsigned char* sha1)
+{
+ const char *pathspec[2];
+ pathspec[0] = pathname;
+ pathspec[1] = NULL;
+ memset(blob_sha1, 0, sizeof(blob_sha1));
+ read_tree_recursive(t, "", 0, 0, pathspec, get_blob_sha1_internal);
+
+ int i;
+ for(i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
+ if(blob_sha1[i] != 0)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if(i == 20)
+ return -1;
+
+ memcpy(sha1, blob_sha1, 20);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int get_blob_sha1_internal(unsigned char *sha1, const char *base, int baselen,
+ const char *pathname, unsigned mode, int stage)
+{
+// printf("Got blob: %s base: '%s' baselen: %d pathname: '%s' mode: %o stage: %d\n",
+// sha1_to_hex(sha1), base, baselen, pathname, mode, stage);
+
+ if(S_ISDIR(mode))
+ return READ_TREE_RECURSIVE;
+
+ memcpy(blob_sha1, sha1, 20);
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static void get_blob(struct commit* commit)
+{
+ struct util_info* info = commit->object.util;
+ char type[20];
+
+ if(info->buf)
+ return;
+
+ info->buf = read_sha1_file(info->sha1, type, &info->size);
+ assert(!strcmp(type, "blob"));
+}
+
+void print_patch(struct patch* p)
+{
+ printf("Num chunks: %d\n", p->num);
+ int i;
+ for(i = 0; i < p->num; i++) {
+ printf("%d,%d %d,%d\n", p->chunks[i].off1, p->chunks[i].len1, p->chunks[i].off2, p->chunks[i].len2);
+ }
+}
+
+
+// p is a patch from commit to other.
+void fill_line_map(struct commit* commit, struct commit* other, struct patch* p)
+{
+ int num_lines = ((struct util_info*) commit->object.util)->num_lines;
+ int* line_map = ((struct util_info*) commit->object.util)->line_map;
+ int num_lines2 = ((struct util_info*) other->object.util)->num_lines;
+ int* line_map2 = ((struct util_info*) other->object.util)->line_map;
+ int cur_chunk = 0;
+ int i1, i2;
+
+ if(p->num && DEBUG)
+ print_patch(p);
+
+ for(i1 = 0; i1 < num_lines; i1++)
+ line_map[i1] = -1;
+
+ if(DEBUG)
+ printf("num lines 1: %d num lines 2: %d\n", num_lines, num_lines2);
+
+ for(i1 = 0, i2 = 0; i1 < num_lines; i1++, i2++) {
+ if(DEBUG > 1)
+ printf("%d %d\n", i1, i2);
+
+ if(i2 >= num_lines2)
+ break;
+
+ line_map[i1] = line_map2[i2];
+
+ struct chunk* chunk = NULL;
+ if(cur_chunk < p->num)
+ chunk = &p->chunks[cur_chunk];
+
+ if(chunk && chunk->off1 == i1) {
+ i2 = chunk->off2;
+
+ if(chunk->len1 > 0)
+ i1 += chunk->len1-1;
+ if(chunk->len2 > 0)
+ i2 += chunk->len2-1;
+ cur_chunk++;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+int map_line(struct commit* commit, int line)
+{
+ struct util_info* info = commit->object.util;
+ assert(line >= 0 && line < info->num_lines);
+ return info->line_map[line];
+}
+
+int fill_util_info(struct commit* commit, const char* path)
+{
+ if(commit->object.util)
+ return 0;
+
+ struct util_info* util = xmalloc(sizeof(struct util_info));
+ util->buf = NULL;
+ util->size = 0;
+ util->num_lines = -1;
+ util->line_map = NULL;
+
+ commit->object.util = util;
+
+ if(get_blob_sha1(commit->tree, path, util->sha1))
+ return -1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void alloc_line_map(struct commit* commit)
+{
+ struct util_info* util = commit->object.util;
+
+ if(util->line_map)
+ return;
+
+ get_blob(commit);
+
+ int i;
+ util->num_lines = 0;
+ for(i = 0; i < util->size; i++) {
+ if(util->buf[i] == '\n')
+ util->num_lines++;
+ }
+ util->line_map = xmalloc(sizeof(int)*util->num_lines);
+}
+
+void copy_line_map(struct commit* dst, struct commit* src)
+{
+ struct util_info* u_dst = dst->object.util;
+ struct util_info* u_src = src->object.util;
+
+ u_dst->line_map = u_src->line_map;
+ u_dst->num_lines = u_src->num_lines;
+ u_dst->buf = u_src->buf;
+ u_dst->size = u_src->size;
+}
+
+void process_commits(struct commit_list* list, const char* path)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ while(list) {
+ struct commit* commit = pop_commit(&list);
+ struct commit_list* parents;
+ struct util_info* info;
+
+ info = commit->object.util;
+ num_commits++;
+ if(DEBUG)
+ printf("\nProcessing commit: %d %s\n", num_commits, sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
+ for(parents = commit->parents;
+ parents != NULL; parents = parents->next) {
+ struct commit* parent = parents->item;
+
+ if(parse_commit(parent) < 0)
+ die("parse_commit error");
+
+ if(DEBUG)
+ printf("parent: %s\n", sha1_to_hex(parent->object.sha1));
+
+ if(fill_util_info(parent, path))
+ continue;
+
+ // Temporarily assign everything to the parent.
+ int num_blame = 0;
+ for(i = 0; i < num_blame_lines; i++) {
+ if(blame_lines[i] == commit) {
+ num_blame++;
+ blame_lines[i] = parent;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if(num_blame == 0)
+ continue;
+
+ struct patch* patch = get_patch(parent, commit);
+ if(patch->num == 0) {
+ copy_line_map(parent, commit);
+ } else {
+ alloc_line_map(parent);
+ fill_line_map(parent, commit, patch);
+ }
+
+ for(i = 0; i < patch->num; i++) {
+ int l;
+ for(l = 0; l < patch->chunks[i].len2; l++) {
+ int mapped_line = map_line(commit, patch->chunks[i].off2 + l);
+ if(mapped_line != -1 && blame_lines[mapped_line] == parent)
+ blame_lines[mapped_line] = commit;
+ }
+ }
+ free_patch(patch);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+#define SEEN 1
+struct commit_list* get_commit_list(struct commit* commit, const char* pathname)
+{
+ struct commit_list* ret = NULL;
+ struct commit_list* process = NULL;
+ unsigned char sha1[20];
+
+ commit_list_insert(commit, &process);
+
+ while(process) {
+ struct commit* com = pop_commit(&process);
+ if(com->object.flags & SEEN)
+ continue;
+
+ com->object.flags |= SEEN;
+ commit_list_insert(com, &ret);
+ struct commit_list* parents;
+
+ parse_commit(com);
+
+ for(parents = com->parents;
+ parents != NULL; parents = parents->next) {
+ struct commit* parent = parents->item;
+
+ parse_commit(parent);
+
+ if(!get_blob_sha1(parent->tree, pathname, sha1))
+ commit_list_insert(parent, &process);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, const char **argv)
+{
+ unsigned char sha1[20];
+ struct commit *commit;
+ const char* filename;
+ int i;
+
+ setup_git_directory();
+
+ if (argc != 3)
+ die("Usage: blame commit-ish file");
+
+ if (get_sha1(argv[1], sha1))
+ die("get_sha1 failed");
+
+ commit = lookup_commit_reference(sha1);
+
+ filename = argv[2];
+
+ struct commit_list* list = get_commit_list(commit, filename);
+ sort_in_topological_order(&list, 1);
+
+ if(fill_util_info(commit, filename)) {
+ printf("%s not found in %s\n", filename, argv[1]);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ alloc_line_map(commit);
+
+ struct util_info* util = commit->object.util;
+ num_blame_lines = util->num_lines;
+ blame_lines = xmalloc(sizeof(struct commit*)*num_blame_lines);
+
+
+ for(i = 0; i < num_blame_lines; i++) {
+ blame_lines[i] = commit;
+
+ ((struct util_info*) commit->object.util)->line_map[i] = i;
+ }
+
+ process_commits(list, filename);
+
+ for(i = 0; i < num_blame_lines; i++) {
+ printf("%d %s\n", i+1-1, sha1_to_hex(blame_lines[i]->object.sha1));
+// printf("%d %s\n", i+1-1, find_unique_abbrev(blame_lines[i]->object.sha1, 6));
+ }
+
+ if(DEBUG) {
+ printf("num get patch: %d\n", num_get_patch);
+ printf("num commits: %d\n", num_commits);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}