path: root/Documentation
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authorVicent Marti <>2013-12-21 14:00:45 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2013-12-30 20:19:23 (GMT)
commitae4f07fbccaab6dc93be52c0f34e137dd9fcbcf4 (patch)
tree7318a55faf8d38e4317a82dda8f1c5f465a9ae53 /Documentation
parentbbcefa1f3f8355921137dd7a097b3ee3db66f023 (diff)
pack-bitmap: implement optional name_hash cache
When we use pack bitmaps rather than walking the object graph, we end up with the list of objects to include in the packfile, but we do not know the path at which any tree or blob objects would be found. In a recently packed repository, this is fine. A fetch would use the paths only as a heuristic in the delta compression phase, and a fully packed repository should not need to do much delta compression. As time passes, though, we may acquire more objects on top of our large bitmapped pack. If clients fetch frequently, then they never even look at the bitmapped history, and all works as usual. However, a client who has not fetched since the last bitmap repack will have "have" tips in the bitmapped history, but "want" newer objects. The bitmaps themselves degrade gracefully in this circumstance. We manually walk the more recent bits of history, and then use bitmaps when we hit them. But we would also like to perform delta compression between the newer objects and the bitmapped objects (both to delta against what we know the user already has, but also between "new" and "old" objects that the user is fetching). The lack of pathnames makes our delta heuristics much less effective. This patch adds an optional cache of the 32-bit name_hash values to the end of the bitmap file. If present, a reader can use it to match bitmapped and non-bitmapped names during delta compression. Here are perf results for p5310: Test origin/master HEAD^ HEAD ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5310.2: repack to disk 36.81(37.82+1.43) 47.70(48.74+1.41) +29.6% 47.75(48.70+1.51) +29.7% 5310.3: simulated clone 30.78(29.70+2.14) 1.08(0.97+0.10) -96.5% 1.07(0.94+0.12) -96.5% 5310.4: simulated fetch 3.16(6.10+0.08) 3.54(10.65+0.06) +12.0% 1.70(3.07+0.06) -46.2% 5310.6: partial bitmap 36.76(43.19+1.81) 6.71(11.25+0.76) -81.7% 4.08(6.26+0.46) -88.9% You can see that the time spent on an incremental fetch goes down, as our delta heuristics are able to do their work. And we save time on the partial bitmap clone for the same reason. Signed-off-by: Vicent Marti <> Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
2 files changed, 44 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index 4b0c368..499a3c4 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -1872,6 +1872,17 @@ pack.writebitmaps::
space and extra time spent on the initial repack. Defaults to
+ When true, git will include a "hash cache" section in the bitmap
+ index (if one is written). This cache can be used to feed git's
+ delta heuristics, potentially leading to better deltas between
+ bitmapped and non-bitmapped objects (e.g., when serving a fetch
+ between an older, bitmapped pack and objects that have been
+ pushed since the last gc). The downside is that it consumes 4
+ bytes per object of disk space, and that JGit's bitmap
+ implementation does not understand it, causing it to complain if
+ Git and JGit are used on the same repository. Defaults to false.
If the value is boolean, turns on or off pagination of the
output of a particular Git subcommand when writing to a tty.
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/bitmap-format.txt b/Documentation/technical/bitmap-format.txt
index 7a86bd7..f8c18a0 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/bitmap-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/bitmap-format.txt
@@ -21,6 +21,12 @@ GIT bitmap v1 format
requirement for the bitmap index format, also present in JGit,
that greatly reduces the complexity of the implementation.
+ If present, the end of the bitmap file contains
+ `N` 32-bit name-hash values, one per object in the
+ pack. The format and meaning of the name-hash is
+ described below.
4-byte entry count (network byte order)
The total count of entries (bitmapped commits) in this bitmap index.
@@ -129,3 +135,30 @@ The bitstream represented by the above chunk is then:
The next word after `L_M` (if any) must again be a RLW, for the next
chunk. For efficient appending to the bitstream, the EWAH stores a
pointer to the last RLW in the stream.
+== Appendix B: Optional Bitmap Sections
+These sections may or may not be present in the `.bitmap` file; their
+presence is indicated by the header flags section described above.
+Name-hash cache
+If the BITMAP_OPT_HASH_CACHE flag is set, the end of the bitmap contains
+a cache of 32-bit values, one per object in the pack. The value at
+position `i` is the hash of the pathname at which the `i`th object
+(counting in index order) in the pack can be found. This can be fed
+into the delta heuristics to compare objects with similar pathnames.
+The hash algorithm used is:
+ hash = 0;
+ while ((c = *name++))
+ if (!isspace(c))
+ hash = (hash >> 2) + (c << 24);
+Note that this hashing scheme is tied to the BITMAP_OPT_HASH_CACHE flag.
+If implementations want to choose a different hashing scheme, they are
+free to do so, but MUST allocate a new header flag (because comparing
+hashes made under two different schemes would be pointless).