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authorMiklos Vajna <vmiklos@frugalware.org>2007-11-01 14:57:40 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2007-12-05 09:57:40 (GMT)
commit272bd3cfd059cf867b979d5c11b0ccce9bcccbb3 (patch)
treee959a666cff43bf4db4ca74ae5b79c02ac8c2f92 /Documentation
parent7a4a2e1f797724ce15b059f55ce57eab0e6be807 (diff)
downloadgit-272bd3cfd059cf867b979d5c11b0ccce9bcccbb3.zip
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Include diff options in the git-log manpage
[jc: with quite a few fixups] Signed-off-by: Miklos Vajna <vmiklos@frugalware.org> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-format.txt159
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt161
-rw-r--r--Documentation/diff-options.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-log.txt7
4 files changed, 168 insertions, 161 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-format.txt b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
index 9709c35..2c3a4c4 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-format.txt
@@ -83,161 +83,4 @@ Note that 'combined diff' lists only files which were modified from
all parents.
-Generating patches with -p
---------------------------
-
-When "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", or "git-diff-files" are run
-with a '-p' option, or "git diff" without the '--raw' option, they
-do not produce the output described above; instead they produce a
-patch file. You can customize the creation of such patches via the
-GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF and the GIT_DIFF_OPTS environment variables.
-
-What the -p option produces is slightly different from the traditional
-diff format.
-
-1. It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like
- this:
-
- diff --git a/file1 b/file2
-+
-The `a/` and `b/` filenames are the same unless rename/copy is
-involved. Especially, even for a creation or a deletion,
-`/dev/null` is _not_ used in place of `a/` or `b/` filenames.
-+
-When rename/copy is involved, `file1` and `file2` show the
-name of the source file of the rename/copy and the name of
-the file that rename/copy produces, respectively.
-
-2. It is followed by one or more extended header lines:
-
- old mode <mode>
- new mode <mode>
- deleted file mode <mode>
- new file mode <mode>
- copy from <path>
- copy to <path>
- rename from <path>
- rename to <path>
- similarity index <number>
- dissimilarity index <number>
- index <hash>..<hash> <mode>
-
-3. TAB, LF, double quote and backslash characters in pathnames
- are represented as `\t`, `\n`, `\"` and `\\`, respectively.
- If there is need for such substitution then the whole
- pathname is put in double quotes.
-
-The similarity index is the percentage of unchanged lines, and
-the dissimilarity index is the percentage of changed lines. It
-is a rounded down integer, followed by a percent sign. The
-similarity index value of 100% is thus reserved for two equal
-files, while 100% dissimilarity means that no line from the old
-file made it into the new one.
-
-
-combined diff format
---------------------
-
-"git-diff-tree", "git-diff-files" and "git-diff" can take '-c' or
-'--cc' option to produce 'combined diff', which looks like this:
-
-------------
-diff --combined describe.c
-index fabadb8,cc95eb0..4866510
---- a/describe.c
-+++ b/describe.c
-@@@ -98,20 -98,12 +98,20 @@@
- return (a_date > b_date) ? -1 : (a_date == b_date) ? 0 : 1;
- }
-
-- static void describe(char *arg)
- -static void describe(struct commit *cmit, int last_one)
-++static void describe(char *arg, int last_one)
- {
- + unsigned char sha1[20];
- + struct commit *cmit;
- struct commit_list *list;
- static int initialized = 0;
- struct commit_name *n;
-
- + if (get_sha1(arg, sha1) < 0)
- + usage(describe_usage);
- + cmit = lookup_commit_reference(sha1);
- + if (!cmit)
- + usage(describe_usage);
- +
- if (!initialized) {
- initialized = 1;
- for_each_ref(get_name);
-------------
-
-1. It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like
- this (when '-c' option is used):
-
- diff --combined file
-+
-or like this (when '--cc' option is used):
-
- diff --c file
-
-2. It is followed by one or more extended header lines
- (this example shows a merge with two parents):
-
- index <hash>,<hash>..<hash>
- mode <mode>,<mode>..<mode>
- new file mode <mode>
- deleted file mode <mode>,<mode>
-+
-The `mode <mode>,<mode>..<mode>` line appears only if at least one of
-the <mode> is different from the rest. Extended headers with
-information about detected contents movement (renames and
-copying detection) are designed to work with diff of two
-<tree-ish> and are not used by combined diff format.
-
-3. It is followed by two-line from-file/to-file header
-
- --- a/file
- +++ b/file
-+
-Similar to two-line header for traditional 'unified' diff
-format, `/dev/null` is used to signal created or deleted
-files.
-
-4. Chunk header format is modified to prevent people from
- accidentally feeding it to `patch -p1`. Combined diff format
- was created for review of merge commit changes, and was not
- meant for apply. The change is similar to the change in the
- extended 'index' header:
-
- @@@ <from-file-range> <from-file-range> <to-file-range> @@@
-+
-There are (number of parents + 1) `@` characters in the chunk
-header for combined diff format.
-
-Unlike the traditional 'unified' diff format, which shows two
-files A and B with a single column that has `-` (minus --
-appears in A but removed in B), `+` (plus -- missing in A but
-added to B), or `" "` (space -- unchanged) prefix, this format
-compares two or more files file1, file2,... with one file X, and
-shows how X differs from each of fileN. One column for each of
-fileN is prepended to the output line to note how X's line is
-different from it.
-
-A `-` character in the column N means that the line appears in
-fileN but it does not appear in the result. A `+` character
-in the column N means that the line appears in the last file,
-and fileN does not have that line (in other words, the line was
-added, from the point of view of that parent).
-
-In the above example output, the function signature was changed
-from both files (hence two `-` removals from both file1 and
-file2, plus `++` to mean one line that was added does not appear
-in either file1 nor file2). Also two other lines are the same
-from file1 but do not appear in file2 (hence prefixed with ` +`).
-
-When shown by `git diff-tree -c`, it compares the parents of a
-merge commit with the merge result (i.e. file1..fileN are the
-parents). When shown by `git diff-files -c`, it compares the
-two unresolved merge parents with the working tree file
-(i.e. file1 is stage 2 aka "our version", file2 is stage 3 aka
-"their version").
+include::diff-generate-patch.txt[]
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..029c5f2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/diff-generate-patch.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,161 @@
+Generating patches with -p
+--------------------------
+
+When "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", or "git-diff-files" are run
+with a '-p' option, "git diff" without the '--raw' option, or
+"git log" with the "-p" option, they
+do not produce the output described above; instead they produce a
+patch file. You can customize the creation of such patches via the
+GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF and the GIT_DIFF_OPTS environment variables.
+
+What the -p option produces is slightly different from the traditional
+diff format.
+
+1. It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like
+ this:
+
+ diff --git a/file1 b/file2
++
+The `a/` and `b/` filenames are the same unless rename/copy is
+involved. Especially, even for a creation or a deletion,
+`/dev/null` is _not_ used in place of `a/` or `b/` filenames.
++
+When rename/copy is involved, `file1` and `file2` show the
+name of the source file of the rename/copy and the name of
+the file that rename/copy produces, respectively.
+
+2. It is followed by one or more extended header lines:
+
+ old mode <mode>
+ new mode <mode>
+ deleted file mode <mode>
+ new file mode <mode>
+ copy from <path>
+ copy to <path>
+ rename from <path>
+ rename to <path>
+ similarity index <number>
+ dissimilarity index <number>
+ index <hash>..<hash> <mode>
+
+3. TAB, LF, double quote and backslash characters in pathnames
+ are represented as `\t`, `\n`, `\"` and `\\`, respectively.
+ If there is need for such substitution then the whole
+ pathname is put in double quotes.
+
+The similarity index is the percentage of unchanged lines, and
+the dissimilarity index is the percentage of changed lines. It
+is a rounded down integer, followed by a percent sign. The
+similarity index value of 100% is thus reserved for two equal
+files, while 100% dissimilarity means that no line from the old
+file made it into the new one.
+
+
+combined diff format
+--------------------
+
+"git-diff-tree", "git-diff-files" and "git-diff" can take '-c' or
+'--cc' option to produce 'combined diff'. For showing a merge commit
+with "git log -p", this is the default format.
+A 'combined diff' format looks like this:
+
+------------
+diff --combined describe.c
+index fabadb8,cc95eb0..4866510
+--- a/describe.c
++++ b/describe.c
+@@@ -98,20 -98,12 +98,20 @@@
+ return (a_date > b_date) ? -1 : (a_date == b_date) ? 0 : 1;
+ }
+
+- static void describe(char *arg)
+ -static void describe(struct commit *cmit, int last_one)
+++static void describe(char *arg, int last_one)
+ {
+ + unsigned char sha1[20];
+ + struct commit *cmit;
+ struct commit_list *list;
+ static int initialized = 0;
+ struct commit_name *n;
+
+ + if (get_sha1(arg, sha1) < 0)
+ + usage(describe_usage);
+ + cmit = lookup_commit_reference(sha1);
+ + if (!cmit)
+ + usage(describe_usage);
+ +
+ if (!initialized) {
+ initialized = 1;
+ for_each_ref(get_name);
+------------
+
+1. It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like
+ this (when '-c' option is used):
+
+ diff --combined file
++
+or like this (when '--cc' option is used):
+
+ diff --c file
+
+2. It is followed by one or more extended header lines
+ (this example shows a merge with two parents):
+
+ index <hash>,<hash>..<hash>
+ mode <mode>,<mode>..<mode>
+ new file mode <mode>
+ deleted file mode <mode>,<mode>
++
+The `mode <mode>,<mode>..<mode>` line appears only if at least one of
+the <mode> is different from the rest. Extended headers with
+information about detected contents movement (renames and
+copying detection) are designed to work with diff of two
+<tree-ish> and are not used by combined diff format.
+
+3. It is followed by two-line from-file/to-file header
+
+ --- a/file
+ +++ b/file
++
+Similar to two-line header for traditional 'unified' diff
+format, `/dev/null` is used to signal created or deleted
+files.
+
+4. Chunk header format is modified to prevent people from
+ accidentally feeding it to `patch -p1`. Combined diff format
+ was created for review of merge commit changes, and was not
+ meant for apply. The change is similar to the change in the
+ extended 'index' header:
+
+ @@@ <from-file-range> <from-file-range> <to-file-range> @@@
++
+There are (number of parents + 1) `@` characters in the chunk
+header for combined diff format.
+
+Unlike the traditional 'unified' diff format, which shows two
+files A and B with a single column that has `-` (minus --
+appears in A but removed in B), `+` (plus -- missing in A but
+added to B), or `" "` (space -- unchanged) prefix, this format
+compares two or more files file1, file2,... with one file X, and
+shows how X differs from each of fileN. One column for each of
+fileN is prepended to the output line to note how X's line is
+different from it.
+
+A `-` character in the column N means that the line appears in
+fileN but it does not appear in the result. A `+` character
+in the column N means that the line appears in the last file,
+and fileN does not have that line (in other words, the line was
+added, from the point of view of that parent).
+
+In the above example output, the function signature was changed
+from both files (hence two `-` removals from both file1 and
+file2, plus `++` to mean one line that was added does not appear
+in either file1 nor file2). Also two other lines are the same
+from file1 but do not appear in file2 (hence prefixed with ` +`).
+
+When shown by `git diff-tree -c`, it compares the parents of a
+merge commit with the merge result (i.e. file1..fileN are the
+parents). When shown by `git diff-files -c`, it compares the
+two unresolved merge parents with the working tree file
+(i.e. file1 is stage 2 aka "our version", file2 is stage 3 aka
+"their version").
diff --git a/Documentation/diff-options.txt b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
index e4af393..d0154bb 100644
--- a/Documentation/diff-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/diff-options.txt
@@ -6,7 +6,9 @@
ifndef::git-format-patch[]
ifndef::git-diff[]
+ifndef::git-log[]
:git-diff-core: 1
+endif::git-log[]
endif::git-diff[]
endif::git-format-patch[]
diff --git a/Documentation/git-log.txt b/Documentation/git-log.txt
index 5ec547c..5920d17 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-log.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-log.txt
@@ -27,6 +27,9 @@ OPTIONS
include::pretty-options.txt[]
+:git-log: 1
+include::diff-options.txt[]
+
-<n>::
Limits the number of commits to show.
@@ -43,9 +46,6 @@ include::pretty-options.txt[]
commit. This option gives a better overview of the
evolution of a particular branch.
--p::
- Show the change the commit introduces in a patch form.
-
-g, \--walk-reflogs::
Show commits as they were recorded in the reflog. The log contains
a record about how the tip of a reference was changed.
@@ -78,6 +78,7 @@ include::pretty-options.txt[]
include::pretty-formats.txt[]
+include::diff-generate-patch.txt[]
Examples
--------