path: root/Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt
diff options
authorJohannes Sixt <>2009-08-08 20:44:20 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2009-08-08 20:51:25 (GMT)
commit0b91322311b649a4b5f9581fec2dca9e1c2da716 (patch)
tree4206d8aeb57fc70bc6511692f45e20bfa1da7bdf /Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt
parent5a7a3671b74c043216549b94a718da04cc3ffcd6 (diff)
api-run-command.txt: describe error behavior of run_command functions
Signed-off-by: Johannes Sixt <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt')
1 files changed, 28 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt b/Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt
index 2efe7a4..b26c281 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/api-run-command.txt
@@ -35,12 +35,32 @@ Functions
Convenience functions that encapsulate a sequence of
start_command() followed by finish_command(). The argument argv
specifies the program and its arguments. The argument opt is zero
- or more of the flags `RUN_COMMAND_NO_STDIN`, `RUN_GIT_CMD`, or
- `RUN_COMMAND_STDOUT_TO_STDERR` that correspond to the members
- .no_stdin, .git_cmd, .stdout_to_stderr of `struct child_process`.
+ or more of the flags `RUN_COMMAND_NO_STDIN`, `RUN_GIT_CMD`,
+ that correspond to the members .no_stdin, .git_cmd,
+ .stdout_to_stderr, .silent_exec_failure of `struct child_process`.
The argument dir corresponds the member .dir. The argument env
corresponds to the member .env.
+The functions above do the following:
+. If a system call failed, errno is set and -1 is returned. A diagnostic
+ is printed.
+. If the program was not found, then -1 is returned and errno is set to
+ ENOENT; a diagnostic is printed only if .silent_exec_failure is 0.
+. Otherwise, the program is run. If it terminates regularly, its exit
+ code is returned. No diagnistic is printed, even if the exit code is
+ non-zero.
+. If the program terminated due to a signal, then the return value is the
+ signal number - 128, ie. it is negative and so indicates an unusual
+ condition; a diagnostic is printed. This return value can be passed to
+ exit(2), which will report the same code to the parent process that a
+ POSIX shell's $? would report for a program that died from the signal.
Run a function asynchronously. Takes a pointer to a `struct
@@ -143,6 +163,11 @@ string pointers (NULL terminated) in .env:
To specify a new initial working directory for the sub-process,
specify it in the .dir member.
+If the program cannot be found, the functions return -1 and set
+errno to ENOENT. Normally, an error message is printed, but if
+.silent_exec_failure is set to 1, no message is printed for this
+special error condition.
* `struct async`