path: root/Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt
diff options
authorMatthieu Moy <>2008-04-13 13:38:21 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2008-04-19 05:09:24 (GMT)
commitf01f81505a401f774855ae07dd1be01efde0cfbd (patch)
treea847cc27c95b1335f23e127eac8f759df5ee11be /Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt
parent4c414e2e09607d53141573710ef6d79db2aa64ae (diff)
Document that WebDAV doesn't need git on the server, and works over SSL
I managed to set up a Git repository on a preconfigured WebDAV server, and using HTTPS, without installing Git on it or changing the server configuration. This works through a proxy too. This patch reflects this (it previously stated that Git was _necessary_ on the server, which isn't true). Also give a few hints to troubleshoting. Signed-off-by: Matthieu Moy <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt')
1 files changed, 33 insertions, 12 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt b/Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt
index 8eadc20..b7d09c1 100644
--- a/Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt
+++ b/Documentation/howto/setup-git-server-over-http.txt
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
From: Rutger Nijlunsing <>
-Subject: Setting up a git repository which can be pushed into and pulled from over HTTP.
+Subject: Setting up a git repository which can be pushed into and pulled from over HTTP(S).
Date: Thu, 10 Aug 2006 22:00:26 +0200
Since Apache is one of those packages people like to compile
@@ -40,9 +40,13 @@ What's needed:
- have permissions to chown a directory
-- have git installed at the server _and_ client
+- have git installed on the client, and
-In effect, this probably means you're going to be root.
+- either have git installed on the server or have a webdav client on
+ the client.
+In effect, this means you're going to be root, or that you're using a
+preconfigured WebDAV server.
Step 1: setup a bare GIT repository
@@ -50,9 +54,9 @@ Step 1: setup a bare GIT repository
At the time of writing, git-http-push cannot remotely create a GIT
repository. So we have to do that at the server side with git. Another
-option would be to generate an empty repository at the client and copy
-it to the server with WebDAV. But then you're probably the first to
-try that out :)
+option is to generate an empty bare repository at the client and copy
+it to the server with a WebDAV client (which is the only option if Git
+is not installed on the server).
Create the directory under the DocumentRoot of the directories served
by Apache. As an example we take /usr/local/apache2, but try "grep
@@ -169,7 +173,9 @@ On Debian:
Most tests should pass.
-A command line tool to test WebDAV is cadaver.
+A command line tool to test WebDAV is cadaver. If you prefer GUIs, for
+example, konqueror can open WebDAV URLs as "webdav://..." or
If you're into Windows, from XP onwards Internet Explorer supports
WebDAV. For this, do Internet Explorer -> Open Location ->
@@ -179,8 +185,9 @@ http://<servername>/my-new-repo.git [x] Open as webfolder -> login .
Step 3: setup the client
-Make sure that you have HTTP support, i.e. your git was built with curl.
-The easiest way to check is to look for the executable 'git-http-push'.
+Make sure that you have HTTP support, i.e. your git was built with
+curl (version more recent than 7.10). The command 'git http-push' with
+no argument should display a usage message.
Then, add the following to your $HOME/.netrc (you can do without, but will be
asked to input your password a _lot_ of times):
@@ -197,10 +204,10 @@ instead of the server name.
To check whether all is OK, do:
- curl --netrc --location -v http://<username>@<servername>/my-new-repo.git/
-...this should give a directory listing in HTML of /var/www/my-new-repo.git .
+ curl --netrc --location -v http://<username>@<servername>/my-new-repo.git/HEAD
+...this should give something like 'ref: refs/heads/master', which is
+the content of the file HEAD on the server.
Now, add the remote in your existing repository which contains the project
you want to export:
@@ -225,6 +232,15 @@ want to export) to repository called 'upload', which we previously
defined with git-config.
+Using a proxy:
+If you have to access the WebDAV server from behind an HTTP(S) proxy,
+set the variable 'all_proxy' to '', or
+''. See 'man
+curl' for details.
@@ -248,9 +264,14 @@ Reading /usr/local/apache2/logs/error_log is often helpful.
On Debian: Read /var/log/apache2/error.log instead.
+If you access HTTPS locations, git may fail verifying the SSL
+certificate (this is return code 60). Setting http.sslVerify=false can
+help diagnosing the problem, but removes security checks.
Debian References:
Johannes Schindelin <>
Rutger Nijlunsing <>
+ Matthieu Moy <>