path: root/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
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authorJunio C Hamano <>2005-09-18 18:13:58 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2005-09-18 21:12:43 (GMT)
commit3a45f625aef0074a41885f1df335844ec8c04f5e (patch)
treea4611c827f2c6b2073ad09b4be81fad34ce0ec18 /Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
parent029f6de377c7e0484f5c4cf070934599580f1784 (diff)
Document extended SHA1 used by git-rev-parse.
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt')
1 files changed, 34 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
index fa64c5a..5c136e0 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt
@@ -76,6 +76,40 @@ OPTIONS
Flags and parameters to be parsed.
+A revision parameter typically names a commit object. They use
+what is called an 'extended SHA1' syntax.
+* The full SHA1 object name (40-byte hexadecimal string), or
+ a substring of such that is unique within the repository.
+ E.g. dae86e1950b1277e545cee180551750029cfe735 and dae86e both
+ name the same commit object if there are no other object in
+ your repository whose object name starts with dae86e.
+* A symbolic ref name. E.g. 'master' typically means the commit
+ object referenced by $GIT_DIR/refs/heads/master. If you
+ happen to have both heads/master and tags/master, you can
+ explicitly say 'heads/master' to tell GIT which one you mean.
+* A suffix '^' to a revision parameter means the first parent of
+ that commit object. '^<n>' means the <n>th parent (i.e. 'rev^'
+ is equivalent to 'rev^1'). As a special rule,
+ 'rev^0' means the commit itself and is used when 'rev' is the
+ object name of a tag object that refers to a commit object.
+* A suffix '~<n>' to a revision parameter means the commit
+ object that is the <n>th generation grand-parent of the named
+ commit object, following only the first parent. I.e. rev~3 is
+ equivalent to rev^^^ which is equivalent to rev^1^1^1.
+'git-rev-parse' also accepts a prefix '^' to revision parameter,
+which is passed to 'git-rev-list'. Two revision parameters
+concatenated with '..' is a short-hand for writing a range
+between them. I.e. 'r1..r2' is equivalent to saying '^r1 r2'
Written by Linus Torvalds <> and